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~Xr^M !■ S (L) 




HARVARD 
COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 



1 



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THK 



ASIATIC 
^JVJVILIL REGISTER, 

For the Year 1804. 



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Printed by G. Sidney, Northumberland Street, Strand. 






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THE 

ASIATIC 
AJVJVU^L REGISTER, 

OK, 

VIEW OF THE HISTORY 

OF 

HINDUSTAN, 

AND 0» THE 

POLITICS, COMMERCE, AND LITERATURE 

OP 

ASIA, 

For the Year 1804 ; 

BT 

LAWRENCE DUNDAS CAMPBELL, Esq. 




LONDON : 

rSIMTEP ro» T. CADBLL, AND W. DAVIES, STBANOj 

AKO BLACKS AND PARRY^ BUOKSKLLERS TO THE HONOUHABI.E 

tan EAST-ISDIA COMPANY, LEADfiNHALL STREET. 



1S06. 



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Harvard CoUe : ^brary 
: Gift of 

^ Boston Library «^o;i^ty 

Jul 18.1922 



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PREFACE. 



1 How -dcKver to the pohlic tie Sixth Volume . 
of /d^e Asiatic Aonual Register, wMch Woik 
I ^ x>rignally . planned, and have solely cozh 
ducted. .Jlie- motives which have hidierta' 
induced me to conceal, and which now de- 
termine me t<x publish my name are. merdjr.. 
p^nsonal, and therefore too immaterial to be 
s^tioned... ^ Bpt it may somewhat lessen that \ 
disgatisfaqtion wjiich the iitegular publication of 
the Work has occasioned, to know, that it has., 
been compiled and written, in the midst of the 
most distressing difficulties, from my own sources 
of information, arid by my own labour, with 
incondderable assistance from the contributions 
of correspondents, and with no other encourage-* 
ment than the barren commendation of the pub- 
lic. With a just sense, however, of that com- 
mendation, I have persevered in my undertakii^,. 
and have made every practicable exertion to 
support it 

This 



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vi PREFACE. 

* Thiff enplaiiation may Kkcwise serve to sbe^' 
in a more pardonable light, any deficiencies 
which may l^ fourai in thi^ particnlar volume : 
it has been composed under an aggravation of 
those difficulties to which I have presumed to 
attad^ ; andit tertainly is ina^qnate to 'my own* 
wislies. The IfiMorictl and Crtticsd D^art^ 
imsotB are not . iufficaently eacbend^d; partly 
owing a theasi causes/ and partly to the. votu-^ 
mtnous coUeoiion of St^le Papers; whtchJit waa 
indeBpcnsaUe tainserL 



: Theae important docuraeats unfold iJie whole 

pciicy of the Marquis^ Welliisfey's government, 

ia regard tit the Mahratta empire, and jexplain* in 

tfai^. fullest xasLnnar^ all the vacioits causes which 

oomfeiiied ta produce the late wir with dcindeah 

afid BoonsBi An attentive perusal of the offi^^ 

; oial oorrttgpofidettce between the stijptrme go-» 

: vemment^ Df the British dominidns ra Jndia^- 

i and the-BritlA residents at the cwrtsof the 

Belshwa utdiScjndcah, is etaenti^ tp tl»b f<ii'ming. 

rrand expediency' 6^ HK(t yrar> but aiio«f 'tiiik: iJQb<^ 



1M 



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sequent ruptjbTO wUh Hcdliar, The.^.fiprtiin^^^ 
Qfi^, 1^ brilljajit events of thf eqntest ^h tk^. 
C14?^f iKB^ tbe cla<^iir wbicl) haB ip. cenfoqpsqei^.; 
b^eaxaki^ agaki^t it, ^ayereoder^d ft t|i# 19019 > 
nepe&saijr to point ti^e atti^ntipn of ;tb& px^ip t9: 
tbo5e.cir<{Um6Upo^a^d tffinM^ ffo^ Y^bit^t. 

it prigmally^arpse^aQd op wljiciit^tf met;it5 moH . 
ultimately rest. The ac^ouitf .oft tl^e tt^^ty. 
cqpiec^tkws agftH;^^ Holkfir^ di^^.tlie period (iff; 
^newhii^li thU yotu^je-efnbnKjeiWl/h^w po^; 
pooled »o*il jtbe.next, bofiatweit^fUl be iriorc) 
satisfactory si6; jwfeH aa^ ikHW e: intercs^pg. W ^ tbei 
piiblifii to,9c»j|#>rt^)jM9]« of those Qpeiatioti0k.«iidi 
of tbe OfieMl oOrDeapoftdeqce .b«tnr«en the £8ntbh 
government and that Chief, exhibited at one 
view. 

J •' ; . \ • / ' ■ 
The present condition of Europe, and the 

ambitious projects of France, point cJot Ae 

expediency of consolidating the resoutces of the 

British empire in India, and of fixing on a broad, 

stable^, and permanent foundation a comprehen* 

sive, uniform, and vigorous system of policy, for 

the administration of its affairs, both in its 

foreign. 



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vai 



PREFACE. 



fbrdgn, and doMeetic reiatiohs. T&e principles, 
and provisions of such a, s^st^m of policy can 
alone be thoTo^]yJc^tiiJ^Tilb^iMi, and the ne- 
csessity of thdr adoption ajjeqnatdjr i^t, by a 
fiill and fmr-e^Mtttion of ike acbaal state of 
B^tMi India, df tbe trufe cbaractors, interests, ' 
said vieWs tof tkd^ -nations "with v^^ it is ' 
politically connected, and of the )reA situation' 
of^lhe Gom^anjr's a&irs. I flilall iher^Dpeld- 
th^y'next volnnie of the Register endeaviottt 
tovmniplifj and explain these most important, 
complicated, and ill^Bodenttobd subfetts, -amh* 
floenced by any other coaaidtirttioo, than a 
r^ard to the tnitfa of facts, t^nd the nubams' of 
iifeason, '■•■■ " ■ • •• *'•"" ■ 

L. D. CAMPBELL. 



I40MD0M, 

Fth 15, WQ6, 



1'^ 



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CONTENTS. 



HISTORY. ■ , 

JliCAnTVLATioii of the Bubjectt of the third and fourth Chapten.«-ReUtive 
ntnadoB of th^ Dutch and JEofliih Ban ladia Compaalct, and of their poMetsioot 
in In<tia, in A. 1>. 1619. — Cautei of the Dmemions between those Companies. — 
Treaty off Ariruty b e t we ett them conchided )ukter the laaction of t^ Kftigof Kng' ^ 
liiM&^aad the Siatci GenenA of ^he muted Provinc*. The Dutch Goveraorf ^in the ' 
8pke Ulaodt, p«y Utde attentioQ to that Treaty.— Their Violati«Q of it<— Dutch 
tttack die BnyitH Jtt Lantooe, and Poobrpon ; boni their towns* tfid put th£ .. 
inhabitants to <leath.*^ The Dutch defence of their conduct in this afl^, and ^ 
iihe.Xoi^^ reply .^'A.D. 169(^ The English send a fleet to the GnlphofLPeL^ 
^— Portunuese Attack the English Fleet, and are defeated.— Desi^s of the 
DutdL— Relative state of Dutch and EnAsh at Anibfl yna.-»Dufch seiaethe 
B&gjIiih'Settlete'OKi thae tdand, on the picCtH of au aUeged Con^raoy— The 
Charfes preferred against the English ; the cruel tortures' inflicted on them to 
oxtoft OoaiBtsfakf ; thtiirOondemnatjoii^ and JExecution.— The opprobriuin which 
iMb action cast Ob the Dutch Nktioa.— Dutch Company's Defence.— The Heply 
of the English Company. — General inference ^... ^ Page 1 






W, 



ario CeyloQ.. 



.•9*«t*«***f*«r ••»•«••• 



CHRONICLE. 



Taoz 
3MA^aian§MWT Fete» at the ftoral 

nteKta»yO}gi|[nitthoftor»fAe 

iuMtooble the Goremor General 1 
Suun^g PuBtt ••»<•••«•••••«««••*• w**** ft 4 

Cewpaoy's F^p^,^** ••«••••• • S 

Addrcss'Of Tfaa*h* ftom the Inha^ 

hiaants of Madras, to hk Ma* 

jestyV 91th Rejftv w.*.»......^ ibid 

Itepiy of Coloo^ J!S|e)^ 6 

AppoiiitbiCpf fe)f Jwili yh|tfnier,£l^> 

to the Cottneil Board at Kfadras ibid 
AsAiversary of the Capture of Se- 

rin^^ap^feto........... ibid 

Govern^ Notth's Tour through 

the Sevenf Corles^.. ^ ibid 

Goontry NewStf««M.».** ••••••••^•« ibid 

Rostof^tdMi oTtke Peilhwatothe 

iffttsood ....••.««.^. .«.*...•. ...» 8 

CckbriiiOii OThSs M^ettf s Bii^- 

ofly.*t^«««i^*«^*«^* •/••••«••••« ^a**** 9 
ApposnOMst Ot'-HC*. G; OOsdy^ 

uoder'tbe NmAf nib VyStnr;; ;.;».. 10 
Oineral SeMi^'.%.^...:h:^^4*t.^4 ibid 
$nlQzi|f FO^ ;».... v\.k..t #*%;**•./.... ibidk 

Company^ 'Paper. . .C ..U . ..>. :„\ . 1 1 

Sir Hekwy GMriHSmr ted O6l0iUl 

jMandeville ..M.r....:-..^...^....^.. ibid 



Fags 

Country News... ..•..•••••••••••. •*..... 18 

Royal MHtary College ..^„.„ 15 "' 

Heavy Rains at Baraily 25 

Dry Weather, at Benares.....^-., ilud 

Sinking Fund..^ ibid 

Compuiy's Papers ibid 

Successful Introduction of the Cow^ 

pox 26 

Country News - ibid 

Ancient Ruins discovered on the 

Bonk of the Kestria »... 27 

New Launch ibid 

Violent Gales - ibid 

Death oft the Nisam, AU Man, 

Soubahdarof theDeccaa ibid 

Accession of his Highness Secun- 

dur Jah to the Musnud ^.. 28 

Sinking Fund «.»• ibid 

Company's Paper.... •« 29 

Sessions of Oyer and Terminer at 

Bombay ^.,..^..^« ibid 

*Sir James Mc bitoih^s Charge to 

• the Grand Jury «.« v..ibad / 

Importation of. Silver to india..^* ~ AS v 
Kmher Particulars relating to the 

SbipCaWdonia ~^ ibid 

Sacrilege.. »\,„^^.>^,u*^ M 



• This artick ha^bitti itApMptfriy inseft'ed here. It will appear lisreaftor at 
1 the time it leaUy took place. 



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CONTENTS. 



Pace 

Ceylon loteJKgence ..,.« 34 

Arrival of t£e Marquu Corn* 

\vallis*fi Sutue ; : S5 

New Launch ;... ibid 

Violent Earthquake ibiid 

Sinking Fund ibid 

Company's Paper ....« ibid 

Proclamation relatinf^ to Grain.,.,. 9f 
Arrival of Lord Wm. Beatiack, 

^Oovernor of Madras,..., ..«...«... 87 
Dangerous Shoals described ....... ibid 

InuDclacIoQ at MaghiiL,..» SO 

J Particulars relating to the Private 

. Tracfe of India 39 

-«lsle o£ France described., 46 

Accoujit of the Wahabees, a new 

Sect in Arabia.. ^.. 47 

Elegant Dejeune, on board his Ma- 

"jcsty*s Ship Elphinstone^ 49 

Public Thanks to the Bombay Fcn- 

cibles ibid 

Flourishing Condition of Botany 

Bay «.•.., .; SO 

Pardon granted to Lieutenant G, ^ 

B. Bellasis, on the 4th of June ibid 
Barbarous Execution at Candy... ibid 
I^nblic Thanks to Captfttn Beav«r, 

H M's 19th Rcgt ibid 

The same to Lieutenant Mercer, 

and Lieutenant Mc VeaglL...... 51 

Engagement at Hangwelle ibid 

Important Victory „ 52 

Capture of Rof^5me!le..v 5S 

k^curn of Ordnance Stbres taken. . . ibid 

Artillery taken at Hangwelle 55 

Visit from General Lake to the 

' King at Deihi,; 56 

Account of a Wreck discovered at 

Sea • ibid 

Remarkable Occurrence 57 

I^few Launclies ibid 

Dreadfbl Earthquake at Matura... ibid 

Qovernment Ix)an... *., |8 

sinking Fund 61 

Death of Abdulah Wahabee ........ ibid 

Desperate Engagem^t t.... 62 

Interestrng Account of the late Re^ 

voldtion in Peihi. ibid 

^tact of a Letter from Camp Bro- 

' dera €4 

llew Latmch... ..«...• ^.4..». 65.' 

Interening Correspondence......... ibid 

Singular Adventure , 67 

Lieutenant Alder (not killed),....... ibid 

Farewel Eateitfiiimeftt ,. .....^ ibid 

Departure of Lord CHve 6^ 

Lady Wm. Bentinck's Bali apd Sup. 

^^r,, ..,..., jWd 

Madras Potted .^v«ivmV. .*....♦... .»r. ibid'. 
0*' . . ■ , • . 



Paoe 

Lieutenant BelUsis 68 

Mefancholy Acc^ent ibid 

•Government Notification 69 

Qaaneriy Sessions.. 71 

Interesting Information 72 

Persian Entertainment.... , .7S 

Iipportaat Ceylon Intelligence 74 

Qi^l Baoks M 75 

The Ladrooft , 56 

Ceremoay of Ptes^ n^ng the Kh^- 

laui .....,....,....•,.,»,.*. Ibid 

New Launck... .«....,. , *T7 

Paul Accident ,.«...« .«...,. ibid 

Private Festivities ibid 

The Atalanu Frigate 78 

Dreadful Stonn..,,. ...... .,!«...,.... ibid 

Heavy Gales... „.,.., ,.»••••• ibid 

The Hyawa..., ..f. ....:„ 79 

Nesbitt and al. v. the Honorable 

Company ».. 79 

Extract of a Letter from Prince of 

Wales's Island 80 

Particulars of the LOss of the Ships 

Cato and Pprpoise .,.•••*. )bid 

Pasha of Bagdad i 84 

Departure of AkaHusscn.... 85 

Progress of the Wahab««t.......^.i ibid 

General Orders 86 

New Lavtt^es , 87 

Royal Marines 88 

Loss of the Ship St. George ibid 

Loss of th^.Shi^ General Baird^by 

Fire, and two others wrecfcci 8t* 
Capture of a national Vcsiel> from • 

Mauritius ».. ^ il^ 

Bombay Quarter Sessions. iW4 i 

Ratification of Peace in India...... 91^ 

Death of Mr. Edward Galley, Coh* 

lector of Sfm-at. «...,»..«.. 99 

Extract of a Letter from Capt9ia 

Page ^ ^... .♦. ibid 

Smart Engagement 9& 

llie Sea Otter ibid 

Admiral Linon*s Sqnadroa».» :^ 

Canine Madness. ».. 9.5 

Inhuman Murder ibid , 

Deliberate Suicide ibid 

Bxttact. of a Letter from Kedgeree 96 
The Order of Christ conf«rred obi 

Miguel deLimac Soi^ i.,.. ibid 

Bpef History pf the above Order ^7 
Oiriou« discovery relating to V?id* 

cination.....^.*^.. .....«....;« -98^ 

Loss of the Ship Fanny j. 99 

Captain Paee.^;; .« ,....^^ 

Vnlcnawn WVeckdiicovered at Sea ibid' 

Fi^..; .fv ..«.M«.*..«..r. •».«.. ioid 

Calcuttsi MJlitia.,-*. .,..^ ,.*. If^ 

Defeat of the French Sq«a«|roB.,i. ibid 



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CONTENTS. 



XI 



PAfJt 

Embar^ atthe river Uoogly.,.*,,. 101 

Capture of tbe Ship T^azbux ibid 

A Letter from Poonah ibid 

Official Account of the Defeat of 

Linois's Squadron ^ 102 

General Wellwley, 4 i04 

Description of the French Fleet, off 

Fort Marlborough.. ^ ibid 

Ciirioiw CirCuWatance ,.....,.. 105 

Government Order ibid 

Administration oi Oaths to Hea- ^ 

thens • 106 

Appointment of a Co/nmittee, to 

addresi the Governor' General IQ^ 
Public Addresses to General Lake IDS 

The Generars Rcply.-.I ;,..... 10^ 

Narrative of the lobs of the Ship 

Fanny ^ **,* 110 

<iovcrWc* General's Body Guard... 114 
J Jffew Regulations respecting Wine 

^ ~ irom Madeira to India 11^ 

Mission to the Court of Tehran... 116 

preadful Fire ,^l ^ ibid 

Ciyil Warm CabuC ibid 



Pao« 
Particular Accoaot of tb* lost of 

the ^ip Ann i..^. *... 117*>) 

Successful Progress of the Can 

Pox ..«.«. ...M.. 119' 

Unparalleled Barbarity « »• ibid 

Circumstantial Account of his Ma* 

jesty's Ship Porpoise and Cato 123 

Ciuiipaign in Guzerat 127 

Correspondence relating thereto .. ibid' 

Departure of Suliman Aga 12S 

The Vake*It of the Peishwa ^id 

Brilliant Action ibid 

Grand Kntertaimneat ux hooour of 

Peace in India.... ...'•'....'. tSd 

Presentation of Addresses to Major 

General WeUesley .,„.., l3l 

The General's Reply 1S5 

The Entertainment of Major*ffcne> , 

ral Bellasis..... :..".. Is4" 

Splendid Fete, in honor of Major 

Generaf Wellcslcy .p....J..V. Ibid 

The General's Departure from 

Bombay ,,......s,,«.,^,... ibid 



Egi/pt. 



Account of the Confusion and Dis- 
. asters in Egypt. .^. 13C 



Extract of a Letter from Suez liSX 



CivU and MUitary Promotions.' 



Bengal Civil Appointments. 141 

. ;— Supreme Council 142 

Madras Civil Appointments ibid 

Bombay Civil Appointments .♦ 144" 

Ceylon' Ovil Appointments ibid 

EfiUblishmenti at Prince of Wales's 

Wand .« 145 

Establishments at Canton in China ibid 

• ' ■ at Sumatra ibid 

Bengal Military Promotions 146 

— ,—- General Staff. 170 

Sia/F. ibid 

-: Military Board ibid 

MMiw Milk&ry Prottfotlons ....... 157 

General Staff lOT 

— *— l^giCUy.lfoard. 165- 

Bombay MSfitary Promotions. ibid 

, Gen^ra|^Si?ff:..j, loa 



Bombay Military Board IBS 

Ceylon MiUtarv Establishment 169 

Garrison Staffs 

Fort WilJiam...i 170 

*- Berhampore , 171 

——Monghyr. ibid 

■ Dinapore. ibid" 

' Buxar..... ibid 

' Chunar ibiff 

Allahabad... ibi4 

— — CawnpoOr....... ibid 

T Futty Ghur ibid 

— Midnapore ,„. ibid 

Governor General's Body Guard ... 17^ 

Binhs 17a 

IV^rriages ,.• • 174 

Deaths ^ 17a 



^Supplement to the Chrtrnkk. 



Utm iBteUigeoce. 



I 
3 
M«liMOsb'f Sg^eck oa 
tb^ CQHIt#i«M«M«*i«M«vt ibid 



Causei U •••iM^..ifc*.Mj».v«.»»....».«.fc.« \% 

69vemmeot.Notificatibttt«...^ 10 

The C#dtd ¥mfiAc9A^^^,.^.^., 11 



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CONTENTS. 



Page Paok 

Extract of a Letter from Prioce of Description of a Shoal 19 

Walcs'f Uapd ^ , 14 Public Addreuet from the dlfiere&t 

Address a&d Present trqm the Army Presidencies and Settlementiy to 

to General Lake..— M.. .•...- 14 the Most Noble the Marquis 

The General's ^PfX *- ^^ Wellesley, Governor General, 

Wrecks of the Ships Anstruther &c. &c 17 

and Tbomhill ....- ••.... ibid The Old Civil Servanu of Bengal, 

Launch. , .....ibid ^md the College of Fort WiUiam 44 

General Wedderbums's Tomb 16 

Home Intelligence. 

TMti of Coins, Waghts, and Rogulationf respecting Mili^uy 

Mtontfs, In Bengal., .••• 49 Officers... ..**....«..«»^.». ..,».«.«. 5% 

- at Madras .•.-,«..—^ 51 The Board of Commissioners for 

- at Bombay •.«• 52 the Affiurs of India*..-;^,.....^ 59 

.alSnrat ». 54 The Honorable the Court of Di» 

»at CaUicut and Telli- rectors..-.^ «—..•*....«..••.. ibid / 

cherry — ^......^.w. ibid List of Skipping, for ISOa.^ ..^^*. fiO V 

■ ii.. >"at BSocha....*. »..— ibid Rwolatiooa tor the Admistson of 

— 1 • --at Beetlefakee.....,.^ ibid &det8 at the Royal Military Col* j 

■ '~ at Batavia. ......•• ibid iege, Woolwich m......*....,, €$ 

■ • • ^ ■•« OMiton.>r>^ .*.^.. 56 At the Royal CollMie, MarIo«r..^.. 

3alatiea of C^vil Servanu in the Oriental CoUege, mitford €4 

£ast Qi(pea>M»«*«*«.»«. •«••••■••••••••• «« 




State Papers. 

Pipers presented to the House of GoVemor Oeneral*s Instructioni to 

Commons, ft«m the East India the Resident at Poonah. il^d 

Oaa%»ny, relative to the Causes Letter /rom the Governor General^ 

Of the MahrattaWar; containing, toLord Clive..<..v.««*»...^««.«vr** KK> 

Lttter from the Governor Genem Governor General*s faistmctions to 

CO the Secret Committee o^ the the Restdeot at Bciooah .4.^«m... 104 

Honorable the Couat of Oicec* Governor General slnstructiona to 

tors, &c< &c ,...•-.«•.• 1 the Resident* at Hydra|>a4. •«.*.« 10$ 

Governor Geberal*s Instructions to Letter from the Governor, General, 

Lieutenant Colonel Barry Close, toLordCiive,.^..*.*^.*,*... ** 107 

resident at the Court of PoonaJ^ S Governor GeneraPs Instruction to 

Letter to Major Kirkpatriok, rest* the Resident, at Poomh.«« «,. i09 

dent at Hydrabad «»...« 21 Governor Geaeral*s loatruciHMis^ ao 

Letter fhxn w. Palmer, Xsq. u Poo* Colonel Collins ,the Resident with 

nah, to the Governor GeneraL.. S8 DowUit Rao Scind)eah,..«^.««.^M«.Uii{r 

Series of Liters from Colonel Bar- Letter from the Governor G^f«al, .^ 

ry Qose to the Governor Gene* to the: Sepret Committae'nf ihf([. . ^ 

ral....*^......»«. •• S3 Honorable the Coun. of Dinr^ .' 

Prdiminary Propositions from the tors, Itc ,.«, ..Mf«*M^*4.Y,:;ii^ 

Peishwa 79 letter froioa Colonel; Col|ix«h to^ 

. Governor GeneraPs Instructions to Governor General ...»..«.^t^r.l^ 

the Resident at Poonah*... .•.....* M LieutenantGeneral9lpar^'s^ns¥r9^-- . 

Lettet- firom the GovemorGeoekal to tions to Maior General WeUf^ey ■, 1.26 

the Secret Cmnmittee ».v,. ao Letter from ibie Govemor GfAf^.- > 

Letter from the Govecnor Gtnecal, in Council^ Ut t^t Governor Ge^ , 

to Lord Clive ......,•«.••,«•.•.«« .93 Aeral« in Council^ at^Mras.- i2d 

Letter from Donvhit Rao Sctndeah, GN>9irm.or General's Instructions to 

to the Governor General 9i the Resident at Poonahy ejic^v 

Letter from AmmtRao^eo the Oox sin^thrj^diAetiele^tnt treaty 

/Pernor -GeneraL... .• •••— w«. 9^ Of Hvdrabad, in 1798... «•>..»».» 191 

Letter* from Colonel CoUins to the Letter from Colonel Collins to the 

'CQnimocOeac0aL.**««k,M..«.*«M» •M' ^ (I>6ve#n«r'Q^flMnlM««^«H«-4-*«(«-:lS9 



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CONTENTS. 



XMi 



Pace 
Letter Ixom tiie Oomoor General 
tft the Secret CcMBnuttce of the 
HooonHe tbe Court of Direo 

ton, Ike. ace.... —w*.^ •« 1S5 

L eimfiUM i LieatCBaat- Colond BfO-- 
' ry Clote, to the Oovemor Gene- 

T<U ■••••■••••«••.•■*••••••••••**•••.•••••' l^K^ 

From the same to BallajeeKponfef 143 
' Letter from Mr. Seeretary fidmnw 
ttooe to Colond CoUiot^ with 
notes of Instruction... •••«.•••••••.• 

GoYcmor General's Instrn^oBS to 144- 
the saxne .••>•••••»«•••••••••••••••••.•• 146 

Letter* frooi the Secretary to Go- 
to Dowiot Rao Scm- 



. iieso •••■•••••••••..•••««•«••.••• •••••*•• loo 

Letter feomtbe sane to Rajah IU> 

• gcjee Bhoiislah.»««.«^.* m.% 158 

Letter from the Secretary to the 
Governor General, to the Rest- 
dent at Poonahy^nHth Notesldr a 

Dispatch. .« 161 

Gowraor General's Insiructiont to 
tno asBieM..t».d»»a>.A..«.'4*«*««« ••*•••• * io4 

Letter feom: the G e^ e fc ao r General 
to^the :9toishwa ^....•^^*«»<i...«., 175 

£xti9ct of two Letters fpom the 
Resident with Dowlut Rao Stxx^ 
deah, to the Gtiretnar General 179 
Extracts from Major General Wei- 
te^ey% Letter to the Oo » em cr 
General .••••••••••. •••«*«*A*i«/».*ki.* 191 

Leoer from ^the Goremee General 
, to the Secret Committee^ the 

HooonUe Court of Aiteetors 187 
Letter ftoiB ColonefOolUns to^the 
Governor GenemL.*... .,..., ..*... 104 

Governor GenerRl*s Notes of to- 
atmction to the Commander in 

chief 198, 

Governor Generars I^ter to the 

Commander in Chief 201 

Tbe Same to the Honorable Major 
: iGeneral Wellesley...*....«.M«M....' 211 
The Saine/lo the' S^e^* •••••*••«*•.. 215 
GooyioC i McAorial, presented by 
%i0lfiie Resident to Dowfiu Rao Sdu'* 
. * rifaKr.aii*.»o.f.>4 ««...«^... .»....««. S19 
Eljttur from the above Resident^ to 

the Governor General.... r.. SSO 

Letter from Dowlut Rao SQindea|k 

to the Governor GencriL/....k.V 228 
Letter from the Rajah Ragojee 
^" ■ V, BO the Same.-, 224 



Paoc 

I^etter from the Goveixtor.tkBcnil^ *. 
lA Couocsf, to the Secret C«tn^ 
mittee of the Honorable the 
Court of Directors»&c ^c^^.M,i 225 

Lecter^rom MajorOeneral Welle». . 
leyto Dowlut Rao. Sdndenh.'»u. S54 

Letter from the Rajah R^ieojcC' 
Bhonslah to Major Genend Wei- 
Icuey. .>•••«•»«•••..•«•.• •*•««••••«•«•*•• 3t9 

Tran^ation of a Fapeiv slated to. 
be a Copy of a Letter from Dow- 
lut Rao Scindeah to Oolaum 
Mohammud Khan.... 257 

Letter from General Perron to the 
FrencbjCentmartdant of the Pert . . 
of Af^Ghur ^...... • 258 

Governor General's Letter to ^ 
Commanding Officer of th# 
Northern Division of the Amy j260 

Governor General** InstHiCtidos^to 
J . Melville, Esq . appointing hif» 
Civil Commissioner of the Armv -263 

Agreemenu between the East- India 
Company, and Soubahdar of the- 
Dctcan *.. .• 903 

Extracts from the Resident at PoOf^ 
nah's Letter to the Governor 

- General. 266 

Governor Generars Instructioiu to 
the Resident, at FoiMiah... .«....< ^170 

Treaty between the Honorable the 
East India Company, and the 
Rajah of Bhnrtpoor ^.. «,•«.. 272 

Lener from the Governor OenemU 
in Council, to the Secret Com- 
mittee of the Honorable the 
Court of Directors, Sec. &c 273 

Prochinmions of the Governor 
General, in Council 276 

Extract of a. Letter from the Go- 
vernor General, in Council, to 
the Secret Committee of the 
Honorable the Court of Direc^ 
tors... ••.•»••»...•.«*••• ..*«•*»••••••••• 278 

Letter from the Governor Geneial 
to the Court of Directors.. ^•.•». 279 

Letter frpm the Governor in ooun^ 
cil, at Boftibay, to the Secret 
Committee of the Honorable the . 
Court 6f Directors, &c 288 

Letter from the Governor General, 
in Council, to the Governor, in 
Council, at Bombay « 284 

Remarks, by theXk>vernment of 
Bombay .« ^.... 287 



Brf^ceedings in Pftrliament. 



Havii OF Commons — The Wak 



^I« 



Mr. Creevey, on tbe abov^ Debate ^id 
Lord Castlereagh.l *....... <..«.c1si9 



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COKTENTS. 



Paoe 

Mr.JMl'jC«..«. ^...^ :,.. ^IS 

GeoertirMiihtUHi B19 

Mr.t^. Johntcone ibid 

«r WiUiam G«ary fold 

Mr. WjiIUkto -... ibid 

J4r. CiaonA ^ ilnd 

Lord Henry Petty ibid 

The ChaactUor of the fisehe^ner 820 

The Ma«iiatta War.* ibid 

Mr. Fraacit' oa the above Debate 

3^, ibid 

Lor4'Cucl^rCJigh 323, 825 

^Mr. JiihnnoRe. ^ S27 

War in India SU6 

Mr. Frtiftcis on the above Debate 

........i*. 9fti5, 827 

Lord Castlcreagh 326. 327 

Mr. IdHnttone 327 

HooSK or Lo&os — Wak in India S2^ 
Eul,4ji Su^olk oa the above De- 
bate ^ 828, 929,. 330 

Lord Hawkctfaiuy S28, 329, 8S0 

LordHobart ..^....t... <M..:i23, 830 

Earl of Carlisle 829 

Earl. Sperwer S**) 

Earl of Carnarvon 331 

Lord Harrowby • ibid 

~— ~. Vote of 'Thanks to the 

Army of India ibid 

L.ord Hobart on the above Debate 3tfi; 

Lord Hawkes bury ibid 

Sari of Limerick .« ibid 

Bail of Camden ibid 

HouvB or CfeMMONs-^Vote of 

Thanks to the Armv of India ... ibid 
ILord Castlercagh on tne above De- 
bete * ibid 

Mr. Francis snfJ, 315 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer 

338, 845 

Mr. Fox 339 

Mr. Wallace ibid 

Mr. Johnstone 840 

Mr.Hobhouse 341 

Mi. Wilberforce 840, 84S 

Mr. Grey ...342, 346 

Sir T. Metcalfe 843 

Mr. William Smith 345 

Mr. Rose : ibid 

— — t — **» Motion for Papers rcla- 
to the MahrattaWar ibid 



Mr. Frantis OA (lit abdiv^ IX!>at4; * 

« «45, 84« 

Lord Castlereagh 346 

— — «— — Imoia Budoet ibid 

Mr. Johnstone on the above De- 
bate ibid 

Lord Casticrea^h .iu^^.*...* ibid 

Wak in India 347 

Lord Porchester on the above De- 
bate 4 2bid 

Tho8pca^ePM.v....'. ibid 

The Chaneedor of the Exchequer ibid 

■ ■ ' India Budget ibid 

Lord Caatleretgh on ttie ab»ve De- 
bate 347, 354, 355, 8^ > 

Bengal Rev^emie* 348 V 

Madras Ditto .» iM 

Beocooien and other Settlements 

Ditto ..« 849 

Genejal View of the Years 1602-8 ibid 

' of the years 1803-4 850 

Debuinlndia.»..i ibid V 

Debts bearing Interest ibid v 

Assets 4ti India 851 -* 

Home Account* ibid 

General Resiitt ibid 

Debts at home ; 85^ 

Assets at home ibid 

China andBt. Helena ibid 

General Companson of Debts and 

Assets ibid 

I ^rd Archibald Hamilton 858 

Mr. Johnstone «..*.<...... ... S^t 

Lord Henry Petty 855 

1 he ChanceAor of the £tche^[t!er 956 

Mr. Kinnaird... • ibid. 

Dr. Lawrence * ?bid 

Mr. WaHace Ibid 

Mr. Princep • if^d 

Mr. Francis 856, 857, 364, 866 

Mr. Charles Oi;^nt ~ i 99^ 

Mr. Johnstone 866 

Mr.C. Grant.... Sbid 

■ India Buogct contioued ibifl 

LordCastlereagh... ^6, 375, 881, 38^ 
Mr. JohnitoAc ... .......; •.kv«....v d7# 

Mr. Wallace ^ ^ AtA 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer ibid 

Mr. Prinsep •*..•.%.... .^.*.« ibiC 

Mr. Grant 878 

Dr. Lawrence 881 

Lord Dunlo ,.... ibid 



Appendix to Parliamentary Froceeclings. 



Accaa nts presented to the House 
of .Commons by the East-India 
Comply in 1804 ..^ ,... 



J83 



No. f. An Account shewrrig the 

estimated and actual Revenuea 

and Charges in India, vtrith the 

Results 



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OiNTENTS. 



XV 



Page 

' RetoltSyfortenYeanutrdm 1795- 
4 to 1803-3, alter deducting Pay- 
ments on Account of IntereA on 
Uebts and $appGe« to Ben^oo- 
len, &c.; exhibitiflglikett^ise, the 

' the Decrease or tfee Incrtan^ of 
the Debts, distinguUbifig each v 
Year - 38S 

Ifo.TL Esdmate of Profit Infl Lost 
on the Campady** Sales in En- 
gland, and other Profits, for ten 
Years, ending 1st March, iad4, 
with other Payments in England 
deducted therefrom, distinguish- 
ing each Year ; iiitt dUtttiguish- 

- Ing, as far as may ^, such 
Charges as are of a Political, from 

' those of a Commercial Nature ; 



.• .• Paga 
2td also distiDguishing the bidia 
fiomth^ China Accounts 385 / 

No. 111. An Account of the total 
Ataouht of \fi6 Company** Debts 
and Assets, abroad, and at home, 
including China; the £E>rmer ' 
from April, 1793, to April, 1803, 

' and the latter frdm March, 1794 
to March, 1804, both inclusive, 
distinguishing each Year 386 

No. IV, An Account shewing the 
Operation of a Sinking Fund, in 
the Reduction of the Indian Debt, 
at two Millions annually,, viz. 
one Million from thd Surplus ' 
Revenue, and one Million from 

. the Saving on Interest, and from ' 

* a Loan, &c. ......; ibi4 



Preceedinsis at the India Hou^. 



Quarterly Com I..... I 

KiUbt proposed as to the Return of 
James Strange, Emj. to Fort 

' Si'. George 

Mr. James Adair on the War in 

'Ceylon 

XTr. Rock 

Mr'Bosanquet 

Ballot in favour of Mr. Suan^e 

Ballot fer the Election of Directors 

Court of Directors > 

General Court 

The Chairman on the War in India 

Mr. Rock 

%tr. Twining 

Mr. Peter Moore 

M. T. Metcalfe 

Mr. Btoni6«ighs 

Mr D. Scott 

Qoarterly Court ...«. ^ 

Appointment of a Conunittee On 

' the Bye Laws 



387 



ibid 

ibid 
ibid 
ibid 
ibid 
ibid 
ibid 
388 
ibid 
ibid 
ibid 
ibid 
ibid 
ibid 
ibid 
38^ 

ibid 



Mr. Peter M6ore*s Motion .'389 

Court of Directors , ibid 

General Quarterly CtJurt ibid 

Chairman^s Motion ibid 

Ballot in favour of Mr. H. Cassa- 

* major's Rettim to Madras ...« 39Q 

Court of Directors ibid 

General Quiirterly Court ibid 

The Chairman on Sir Nathaniel 

Dance's Pension... 392 

Mr. Twining in Reply 393 

Mr. Lowe 393 

Mr.Iacksou ,. 393 

Mr. Randal Jackson ibid 

Establishment at Prince Of Wales's , 

Island ; ibid 

The Chairman's Motion 395 

Mr. Johnson ibid 

The Deputy Chaimian ibid 

Mr. Kemble :. ibid 

Mr Sealy 896 



Characters. 



An A^d^^m^nt of the Life and 
MiHtery Exploits of General 
Ceor^ Thom*9, from OaptsGn 
William Franklin^ Monoir 

Sketch of the Life of the famous 
Hyder Ally Khaiv, km 6. Papef 
found in 1787, in the P»yiO»<ffe^ ' 
at VeltoH?, ctnntaunlcEttiti by 
Major Mackenzie 

Hiitory of the Anagoondy Rajahs; 
taken fWfti the verbat Ac^odnt 
of Tcmmapah, the present Re- 



15 



presenlafiTe of that Family, at 
Camlapoore, by the^same 21 

History of the Kings of Veejana- 
gur, and Anagoondy, from en- 
qi^iries made at Alpulttun, and 
Anafoondy, by the same f^ ^ 

AceouBt of the Mania Ooofods,!^ 
theaame 3S^ 

List of the Soecession of the Mirda * ^ ^ 
OOroos, from the first foim^ers' ^ 

Account of the Batta Ri^ilhs', ' l^ -' 
thesame » ; 40 

Account 

I 



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.XVI 



CQfinrEMTS^. 



>f the Uihabitants 
Prince of Walet*t Island^ Uken 
firoai 9ir George L«ith*t Accooat 
of that Settlement ..m.—.... 

Sketch oi the Chancter and Pur- 
•uito of the Reverend Joseph 
Da^re <^Lyle, Ute Chancellor of 
Carluley &c. &e. .* •..»....• 

Some Particulars of the Life of Go* 
loael John Hettmg, late Goveiv 



Fags 
of 



43 



45 



Paob 
ttoroC FortAKn ..— •••— ^....; 45 
Sommarj of the Character of 
Nawaub» Mirja Mehadf Aly 
Khan Hiuhmut Jung Behaudor, 
late Political Agent at the CdUit 

ofPenia ^^^ -....«.«. 40 

Slight Memoir of the late Emilias 
. FeKx Smiths uken from hit 
life, bj JL. F. Smith -.-.^.. 47 



Miscellaneous Tracts. 



Obccnrationi on the Golden Ore, 
found in the Eastern Provinces 
of Mysore, by lieotenant John 
Warren ..^.-.^ ,.... 1 

Particular Diescription of the Nup- 
tialrof Vazeer AUe^ by Lewis 

Ferdiniaod SniHh. 8 

Htseorical Sketch of the late Asuf- 
iidJ>>wlah» Nawaub of Oude, 
by the same ....'. 10 

Honting Party, described by the 
same ^, 12 

Route fromPoona to Bailisore, by 
Colonel Upton 16 

Of the Trade in general carried on 

. in the Countries of the N . W. 
of Delhi, by Captain Franklin S7 

General Statement of the Forces 
of the Native Princes and States 
in the Western Part of the Pe- 
ninsula, by the^me ., • • S9 

Geographical description of the Soo- 
loo Isumdsy'by A. Oalrymple, esq. 44 

Particular Description of the Coasts 



and Ports Of the paspSaH Sea, by 
a Russian Officer m........ 

The Dabiatan^* translated by P, 
Gladwin, Esq ^ « €S 

On the Neqessity of a Standii^ Ar- 
my in Time of Peacoy by a Cap* 
tain of Ifative CavUry, in Ben- 
gal „,'...„A^^<^. 

Importance of Cavalrrto protect 
the Nabob Vkier^s Frosnier, 
from Allahabad to Honhrar, 
in a Letter from Oude, 1799 ...«.• 

An accooot'of Malwa, written in 

J7QI ••••«>—••»•■•»••»>»#•«—»«»««*«»» 4 • 

Some account of Qu^ah, written 
in 1^0 !•••«• ••••«•••••••••••«• •••••••••• 

Description of the province of Agn, 
written in 1791 ...••...« — « 

Some account of thJt city of Od- 
gein, written in iSo4..«4. 

Method of flatting and cultivating 
the pcppcr-viDca at Tellicherry, 
on the MaUhvcoast.««.*— -••••• 



60 



72 



77 
86 
90 

V 

93^ 



..... 95 



97 



Poetry. 



An Odc) by Mtrza Kazim Ulec Ja« 
wan, paraphrased by Dr. John 
Gikhnst too 

On the death of a voune soldier, by 
' his &ther, William rrcston» esq. tos 

Hinda, an eastern elegy, from Mau- 
rice's poems. ..*.•#. 104 



Epitaph On a beauttlul infant, from 
the same..... .»«.••. ^^.r. log 

Ode to the moon, by an Arabian^ 
laver« addressed co Stella, by the 
same •••.*•*•»•«*.• •.•**.*****«M»^««.. .It' ibid 

To Sir William Jones, by the same 109 

Sukoontula. .....•..•.••. ««.m..... ibiti^ 



Account of Books. 



,^emoirs of the Life, Writinei, and 
- CorrespondeiJce of Sir William 
Jones, by Lord Tei:;nmouth...... 1 

Military Memoira of George Tho* 
, )ma», interspersed with Geoqra- 
" phical and Stacrstical Accounts 
- of Jypoor, Judpoor, and Oodi- 



90 



poor, from original' Dodnttents 

compiled by Captain Franklin... 

Dr. Gilchrist's Hti>4ustanee Works 

Colonel 1. Capper'k Note to the 

Editor^ with tne Editor's Reply 

thereto......;.. ib24 

To correspondents 36 



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isiATIC 

, J'qt tiie Tear 1804. 



*^HE >||Stb|lY Qt* INOtAi 



CHAP. V. 



.CONTENTS. ... . . 

KtcApPrrtlat*K« of the Stthjcds oT the third ;md 'ioiitth Chaptors.wKelaitif e gitpr*»mi 
of ttie Putci}^«n4 ]Ei>s}ist£:^ iQdia Companjes, an4 of tj^ur Po^essign^io tp4i4 

, in A. D. 1619.— C/us«^ o^ tlip pUscnpons between aipseiCx)mpanies.-^Tr(j^y «jf 
Amiiy betwwQthem, concUided ijruier ihe Sanction ofthe King of "England and tfi« 
States-Cfcncral oPtlie United Wovi'ncc?. — TheDutch Governoi-s in the Spice islands 

" pay Ikde Attention to that Treaty .---Their Violatioh of it.-^Dutch attack the Engi 
lisU at I^antorc »nd fooUtoof}* hum their Jo^j:^, ^i4 put- tj^e iubabitarits to dcttb. 
—The Patch Defeace 9f th<''r Condact ia this Affei^r, ^nd the pngh^ Reply.-r* 
A, D. i6io, t^ic English Mnd aVlcet to the*Gulph of Persia.— Portuguese attack 
the English Fleet, and are dctcated.— l5esigps of tl?e putch.— Relative $tate of thd 
Dutch and English at Amhoyna^— Dutch seize the English Settlers on that Island^ 
on cbePFetcjtt of an alleged Cor\5ptr*;yt— ^he Charges proferrcd against tbe EngM 
liih, the pruel Toitures inilicted on them ;o exXort Cpnfession, their Condemnatioa 
and E^e^^ipn, — The Opprobrium which thij. Action cast q^> ^lie D\itch Kation.J--. 
Dutch CompaayV Detoncc.-^Thc Reply of the English Company.— Generai in* 

' ferencc^ * ...... r . f . ■ 



X 



y.^ l^t two cbapfers brougi^t 
4own tbe general narc ative ol ^ur 
History to the year J619. In the 
first ot* those chapters we ^ve ai^ 
absaract of thp Constitution of the 
3IogtiI EdopiKf as it existed uixler 
tjie doinUBOD of Akbar^ Jiu4^ Je^ 
&CTiJb«i' the dvil aiid miliiary sys- 
tem established by that di^cin^ui^h- 
«rf prince; we surveyed the ^talc 
«/ India at l^rgQj i^Uh (^^'^ }i9 
Vol. Vl. " 



politics, and to iijttnial aS ^icll ^ 
ibreign commerce, at the perioi 
when the trade with England com*- 
in/m)ce(;i; and \\'e gave an account 
cA' the origin of the English East 
India £ompaay, of the arguxnejc^ts. 
that were urged both for and 
against the cxclu^iv-e privilege wLth 
\vliich tlicy ^vcre invested, and of 
the adv^icement of their inter- 
course witli^udla, till (hftsplcj^i^ 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



embassy of Sir Thomas Rowe to the 
Court of Jehangeer, and the con- 
sequent conclusion of the treaty of 
amity and commerce with that mo- 
narch. Jn the last chapter, the 
origin of the trade of the Dutch to 
India, the manner in which it was 
at first "carried on by several unpri- 
vileged companies, the formation 
of their settlements, their wars with 
the Portuguese and Spaniards, and 
their continual disscntions with the 
English settlers in the Eastern 
Islands, have been concisely re- 
lated ; the causes of the rapid pros- 
perity of those companies, of the 
immense influx- of Indian commo- 
dities into Holland, and of the 
temporary stagnation of the Dutch 
Indian trade, have been explained ; 
the manner in which those circum- 
stances led to the establishment of 
the chartered company of the 
Dutch, and the principles, forms, 
and policy of that institution, have 
been examined ; and the progress 
of the Dutch trade and settlements 
in India, under the government of 
the exclusive company, till the 
foundation of the city of Batavia, 
has been carefully investigated and 
detailed. 

The relative state of the English 
and Dutch India Companies, in 
A. D. 1619, both with regard to 
their domestic concerns and to the 
footing which they had obtained in 
India, attests the superiority of the 
latter in opulence and power. The 
long established carrying ti^de of 
the Dutch, and those habits of in- 
dustry' and frugality which it had 
impressed upon their character, 
filled the nation with money, and 
thereby enabled their India Com- 
pany to prosecute their commerce 
with unexampled activity and pro- 
dic;ious success. The capital stock 
with which the chartered company 
ommenccd their trade, in lG02, 



was 600,000/. sterling— a sum 
which appears small, when consi- 
dered in the proportion that it bears 
to the great wealth of the individual 
merchants of whom the company 
was composed: but trading on a 
small capital was suitable to the 
prudential maxims of their com- 
mercial policy, which regulated, 
without restraining, their spirit of 
adventure, and of which the effi- 
cacy was abundantly proved by the 
large and frequent dividends that 
they made. So great and rapid 
was the prosperity of this company, 
that, in the course of the first seven- 
teen years, they made nine divi- 
dends on their capital stock. After 
the return of their first fleet from 
India, they divided 15 per cent. ; 
in two years more, (lo05) tliey 
again divided 15 per cent.; and 
in 1606 their returns were so im- 
mense as to enable them to make a 
dividend of 75 per cent. ; so that 
the original subscribers were re- ' 
imbursed 90 per cent, of their sub- 
scription, exclusive of the first di- 
vidend of 15 per cent, which arose 
not from the regular profits of 
trade, but the accidental circum- 
stance of prizes captured from the 
Portuguese. In the next year, 
1607, they divided 25 per cent. ; 
in I6O8, 40 per cent.; and in 
1609, 20 per cent. : and in this 
last year, the institution of the 
bank of Amsterdam, as it facili- 
tated the general operations of 
commerce, greatly contributed to 
augment and strengthen the re- 
sources and power of the company. 
In the following year they divided 
50 per cent. ; in l6l3, 37 per 
cent.; and in 1616, 62| per cent. 
The vast wealth which the com- 
pany had thus acquired, and the- 
diffusive benefits which the nation 
derived from tlicir trade, could not 
fail to give them an extraordinary 
• degree 



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THE HISTORY OF INDIA. 



degree of influence throu{;hout the 
United Provinces, whose maritime 
commerce was the chief occupation 
of the people, and therefore the 
main source of national strength 
and greatness. Hence the Stales 
General were induced to sanction 
the company in the assumption of 
that sovereign and independent 
power which they established in 
their Indian dominions ; and though 
the erection of such a power was 
incompatible with the principles, 
if not an absolute violation, of the 
constitution of the Dutch common- 
wealth, and though it consequent- 
ly excited great, discontent amongst 
-the patriotic party, and drew from 
the most distinguished leaders of 
that party very strong and spirited 
remonstrances; yet the govern- 
ment yielded to the plausible argu- 
ments of the company, who insist- 
ed that a large military force was 
necessary for the security of their 
numerous possessions in India, and 
that the magnificence of sovereign 
authority was essential to the pre- 
servation of that respect and obe- 
dience of the Indian people, on 
which the stability of those posses- 
sions principally depended. A 
comprehensive and systematic plan 
was, therefore, formed by the com- 
pany, for the government of their 
settlements, which, after the build- 
ing of Batavia, was carried into 
effect. The full delineation of that 
plan will appear in a subsequent 
chapter of this History; but some 
account of its promioent parts is 
necessary, in this place, to illus- 
trate the state of the Dutch domi- 
nions in India, at the period of 
•which we are treating. 

All the company's territories, 
sett/ements, and factories, were 
■plKed under the government of a 
supreme council, which was deno- 
mjusited the " Council of India ;" 



and the seat of which was fixed in 
the city of Batavia. This council 
was composed of a president and 
twenty counsellors. . The president 
was the governor and captain-ge* 
neral, ami, in his executive capa- 
city, the first magistrate of the 
government. The sole administra- 
tion of public affarrs was thus vest- 
ed in the governor-general and 
'Council, to whose superintendance 
and control the governors and ^ 
factors of all the subordinate pos* 
sessions and residencies were sub-* 
ject, to whom they regularly trans- 
mitted annual accounts of their 
proceedings, and to whom they 
were accountable for their public 
conduct. Regular military and 
naval establishments were formed, 
of which the governor-general was 
the head, and possessed the abso- 
lute direction. These extensive 
powers were supported with an au- 
thority, and embellished with a 
splendor, which partook of the 
dignity and magniiicence of regal 
state. But, in the exercise of his 
authority, the governor-general 
was overlooked by an independent 
council, called " the Council of 
Justice." In this council was vest- 
ed the judicial power, together 
with the distinguishing prerogative 
which they derived from the States- 
General, of arraigning the com- 
pany's government, for the com- 
mission of any act inconsistent with 
their allegiance to the sovereignty 
of their country. The Council of 
Justice was composed of a presi- 
dent and eight counsellors, all doc- 
tors of the civil law, and its juris- 
diction extended over the whole 
of the company's dominions. The 
commercial department held the 
next place in the government, \tx 
point of rank as well as of import- 
ance; and the director-general, 
who presided at that department, 
B2 had 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



had tBe special manag^na^nt of 
the details of trade. The military 
establishment consisted of 6000 re^ 
gular European troops, and a well- 
disciplined militia, principally com- 
posed of Malays, officered by the 
junior civil servants of govern- 
ment. The whole of this force was 
commanded by a major-general, 
who resided at Batavia, where the 
main body of the regulars were 
^consequently stationed. Each re- 
fipective settlement had its own mi- 
litia; but the fortress*^ by which 
those settlements were defended 
vere garrisoned exclusively by de- 
tachments of the regular troops. 
The naval power of the company 
was likewise considerable : it con- 
sisted of about forty ships, each 
mounting from l6 to 30 guns. 
These ships,which were<^mploycd in 
the company's trade, were kept in a 
tiigh state of equipment, and under 
the command of a commodore, who 
•lad been regularly trained in the 
teervice. Besides this fleet, there 
were ten or twelve shi|)s, of a 
smaller description, stationed at 
Batavia, which were reserved ex- 
clusively for warlike operations *. 

The possessions of the company, 
for which this splendid system of 
government was framed, wcrd nu- 
merous and valuable ; and being 
chiefly situated in the islands of the 
Indian Archipielago, and some of 
them still more widely separated, 
their progressive prosperity resulted 
no less from the security *and en- 
couragement derived from that sys- 
tem, than from the abundance of 
their natural resources. Consider- 
able portions of territory had been 
'Obtained in thcislandi^of Ambovna, 



Bands, and Tcrnete ; at Malacca, 
in the Malayan peninsula -, and at 
Cotiarum, in Ceylon. Some of 
these territories had been ceded to 
the Dutch by the native prijices^ 
and some of them had been wrested 
from those princes by the force of 
arms ; each settlemi nt had its lit- 
tle fortified capital, at once its or- 
nament and defence; and all of 
them were governed by a president 
and council, under the presiding 
control of the Batavian council » 
after the manner of which those 
interior governments were model- 
ed. But though the dominions of 
the Dutch ^Company were almost 
entirely confined to the Indian Ar- 
chipaelago, yet their commerce ex- 
tended to all the maritime nations 
of Asia. A^ Japan, Tonquin, and 
Si^m. on the eastern and western 
coasts of the great peninsula of 
India, and on those of the Persian 
and Arabian gulphs, they carried 
on a busy and lucrative trade ; and 
in thrse countries they had been 
permitted to erect factories, and" 
station commercial agents,who were 
appointed by the governor-general 
and council at Batavia, and formn 
ed a. branch oH the general system 
of management for the company V 
mercantile concerns. Thus tb« 
Dutch Company, by a course of 
wise policy, aided by unremitting 
industry, and animated with tho 
most i'ntt'rp rising energy, not only 
attained, in the space of seventeen 
years, the highest corotnercial pros- 
perity, but reared and consolidated 
a powerful dominion in the Indian 
islands; which, while it eftectually ^ 
secured to them almost the whole 
of the spice trade, enabled them to 



* In this acco«nr of the system of cnvernment cstablisbcti by the Dutch Company 
in Imtja, we have been guided by, Relation dc la Vilie de Batavia, par de Craaf^K)^-' 
ttfire de laCon<}ii^tc des bles Maluqu^s— -Vios des Gouvemeurs Hollaodois aux ^ivUct 
4)neaui«£> farVuMm^ Vuientjntf Ct»*t^ and Kolbttu 



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THE HISTORY OF INDIA. 



SPire and improve every advantage 
which the falling fortunes of the 
Portuguese presented, and to con- 
tribute by stratagem, as well as by 
arms, to subvert the once floii- 
lishing establishments of that na- 
tion. 

The English Company, equally 
sensible with the Dutch of the va- 
lious benefits that the India trade 
was capable of yielding, and equal- 
ly active, zealous, and industrious, 
in the pursuit of it, were less expe- 
rienced than them in the details 
of commerce, less supported by the 
government of their country, and 
less gifted, as it would sct*jn, with 
that large thought, and those com- 
prehensive views, which systematis- 
ed and guided the speculations of 
their more suecess^l rivals.— 
Dispirited in their exertions by the 
languid government of James the 
First, tbe English Company extend- 
ed not their views to -the formiUion 
o( any regular plan for the acqui- 
iution of territory, and the altain- 
ment of a dominion in India. The 
naval victories which had been 
gained over the Portuguese, and 
^e embassy of Sir Thomas Rowe^ 
liad, indeed, raised the character of 
the English Bation in Hindustan; 
>nd the company tbe re&y obtained 
many important advantages in their 
intercourse with tl>e Mogul empire, 
which the Dutch had long sought 
foT in vaifl. But they w^re princi- 
pally jndebted tor those advaa- 
jtages to the circumstance of their 
appearing in India purely in the 
character of merchants, to the 
strict probity and unassuming man- 
ors with which they supported that 
character, and to the striking conr 
tftLSt >vbich their w^iolc conduct 



presented to that of the Portu- 
guese and Dutch. It is only as 
merchants, therefore, that the 
company are to be considered at 
this period of their history. 

The profits of the corapariy't 
trade ^-ere greatly disproportioned, 
both to the zeal and industry with 
which it was carried on, and to the 
capital employed in it. In the 
year l6ll?, when the individual 
shares of the proprietors were form- 
ed into one general capital, or joint 
stock, the sum amounted to 
1,500,000/. which exceeded by 
900,000/. tlie joint stock of the 
Dutch Company. Yet, in the 
course of fifteen years, from l6l7 
to 1632, the profits of the English 
Company auKMinted only to twelve 
and a half percent, on tlieir c<api- 
tal * ; so that at the time of which 
we arc now treating (1619), seven 
years alfer the formation of thei*. 
joint stock) they could not have 
divided more than six per cent.««* 
The comparison of these profits 
with those of the Dutch in the 
same penod of time, after making 
an adtMfuate abatement for the d'lC- 
forencu between the capitals of the 
rival companies, shews a striking 
di^rity in the progress of thehr 
mercantile prosperity, whilst it ex- 
hibits an eminent example of the 
efficacy of an uniform and rigid 
system in the eeconomy and con- 
duct of commercial aflfiairs. There 
was, however, a considerable an- 
nual balance in favour of tlie Eng- 
lish Company. In the course of 
nineteen years which elapsed since 
their origit>aI establishment, they 
had exported 548,000,90/. in Spa- 
nish silver ; and in woollen cloths, 
tin, lead, a^d iron, to the value of 
292,000,286/. 



* See th« Reply of Mio East laJia Cqpppany to tk^ 41le;B;aUoas pf tbe Turkey 
fiwUVViy^ presented to Uk Vnv^ CouiicU itl I^Sf* 



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ASIATIC ANNyAJ- REGISTER, 1804. 



292,000,286/. * ; amounting in all 
to 840,000,376/. and making, on 
an average, the annual sum of 
44>000,22/. In the same period of 
time,' the company imported, in 
pepper, cloves, mace, nutmegs, raw 
silk, muslins, and precious stones, 
to the value of 62 1,000,2 55/. f 
vrhich, when deducted from the 
amount of their exports, leaves a 
balance in their favour of 
219,000,121/.— In the year l6l8 
the company had sustained some 
severe losses by the depredations of 
the Dutch, notwithstanding the 
complaipts and remonstrances 
which the former had so repeatedly 
made. Under pretence of the Eng- 
lish traders interfering with some 
of their assumed and ideal privi- 
leges iu the Indian islands, the 
Dutch attacked and captured 
twelve ships, seven of which they 
actually condemned and sold J. 
The company, however, had still 
twenty-one ships in constant em- 
ployment, the collective burthen of 
which was 10,000 tons, and which 
engaged the service of 2500 sea- 
men. * In India they employed 
120 Victors or sup^r-cargoes, who 
w^re stationed at the different 
places where they had erected 
. warehouses, and other buildings, 
for the purposes of their trade. 
Of these places, and of the com- 
mercial connection which th^ Eng- 
lish established with them, a brief 
account has been given in the third 
chapter of this History ; and the 
liature ai)d importance of that con- 
nection does not here demand a 
fuller description. The company 



possessed not any portion of terri- 
tory, or any ^ort of dominion in 
India, except in the island of Lan- 
tore, of which they had obtained a 
grant from the native Malay 
chiefs, »nd in which they hs^ be- 
gun to form a settlement, and to 
exercise some d^ree of authority. 
That authority was founded botl^ 
on a feeling of interest in the bene? 
fits which the natives derived from 
the European trade, and on the fa- 
vourable opinioi^ which they enters 
tained of the English : it was main- . 
tained by a sense of mutual advan- 
tage, and with that good under- 
standing which grew out of the 
nature and circumstances of its ori- 
gin. The island was governed by 
a commercial agent of the com- 
pany, who had under him thirty, 
other Englishmen, in the capacity 
of clerks, overseers, and warehouse- 
men; and these, together with 
about 250 armed Malays, consti- 
tuted the only force by lyhich it 
was protected. Ip the islands o£ 
Amboyna, Banda, and Poolaroon, 
the company possessed ext^isivQ 
factories, in each of which there, 
were stationed ten agents. At 
Macassar, at Acheen, in the islan4 
of Sumatra, and at Bantaip, in thq 
island of Java, they likewise pos- 
sessed factories, though of an infe- 
rior description to tfiose in the Mo- 
lucca islands §. Such was the 
footing of the English Company ii^ 
the Indian Archipailago, where the 
dominion and ascendancy of th^ 
Dutch were now so firmly esta<* 
blished. 

from the view which has beei^ 



* See Mann's Treatise on tlie East India trade, first published in t6zt.— See also 
his statements confirmed by Sir Josiab Child, in his pamphlet, entitle)! a *^ Treatise, 
'wbtre'm is demMUrattd that the East India Trade it the mott rational cfall Tradti'^* published 
in i68i. 

f Id. ibid. X Id. ibid. 

{ Harleian Collect* t. viii. p. S49» ^S^t ^i^* 



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THE HISTORY OF INDIA. 



7 



taken of tine situation of these rival 
companies, it is manifest that the 
Dutch had no grounds whatever 
for that alann at Qie conduct of the 
£nglbh with which they affected to 
be possessed, and that the plea of 
necessity and self-defence, with 
M'hich they endeavoured to justify 
their repeated aggressions, was en* 
tirely without foundation. There 
is no evidence of the English having 
jsven cherished a wish of supplant- 
ing the Dutch in the spice islands ; 
|ind if they had, it must have been 
repressed by a conviction of the 
Otter impracticability of its accom« 
plishment. But the fair dealing of 
the English traders, together with 
their unambitious conduct, gave 
the native merchants so favourable 
an impression of their character, 
that it served to expose and mark 
the opposite proceedings and man- 
ners of the Dutch, who thereby 
foresaw the essential injury which, 
through such a circumstance, their 
authority and influence would in 
time sustain. In order effectually 
to prevent a consequence which 
would strike so deeply at their in- 
terest, the Dutch had only two 
courses to pursue— either to adopt 
a milder poHcy iq regard to the na* 
tives, or to deprive the English of 
all participation in the spice trade ; 
and avarice, which was the ruling 
principle of the Dutch Company, 
(perhaps of all mercantile associa- 
tions) naturally proinpted them to 
follow the latter course. Thus the 
usual avidity atvd jealousy of trade 
became, in the Dutch Company, 
such fierce and ungovernable pas- 
sions, that neither the friendly alli- 
ance subsisting between tiieir coun** 
prj and England, nor a sense of 
^uity, nor the dread of ultimate 
retaliation, could restrain th^m. 
flvery artifice was, therefore, prac- 
f jsc^y >v^ich their syhtlet^ coi^ld 



contrive, to obstruct the intercourse 
between the English and ^e natives, 
to endeavour to create dissention 
between them, to throw -every pos- 
sible impediment in the M(ay of 
their trade, to entrap them into a 
violation of their arbitrary privi- 
leges, and by all these means, final- 
ly to provoke them to remonstrate 
with such vehemence and bitter- 
ness, and to adopt such measures in 
their own defence as might give a 
colourable pretence for making 
those reprisab which were the end 
of all their machinations. 

The mutual irritation which 
arose from this state of things, the 
inconvenience of which it was pro- 
ductive, and the material losses 
which the English Company had 
suffered, became at last a matter of 
national consideration and com- 
plaint. The directors of the Eng- 
lish Company had before this time 
instituted an enquiry into the difie- 
rences which subsisted between 
their servants and the Dutch set- 
tlers in India; the result of that 
enquiry was submitted to the di- 
rectors of the Dutch Company, to- 
gether with certain propositions for 
an amicable accommodation, and 
two negotiations between the rival 
companies were succcssiyely open- 
ed ; but the commissioners who 
were appointed to conduct these 
negotiations, carried with them to 
their conferences all that animosity 
with which their masters were in- 
flamed; so that their discussions, 
which were designed to appease 
and to adjust their differences, serv- 
ed only to embitter and embroil 
them, and their negotiation was 
broken off with so much increased 
resentment on both sides, that it 
became indispensable for the go- 
Vernments of England and Holland 
to interpose their authority. In 
consequence of this interposition, 

the 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1$04. 



|||i« re^ctiv^ compaAtes were dc- 

?ircd to appoifU new cbramissioDers 
or ttie adjustment of tfaetr disscn-^ 
tioDS, wLo were to act i^nd^r the di-* 
rectlon of the plenipotentiaries of 
the king of England and (he States-r 
G^neral^ and with their asai^tanccj 
advice, and concurrence, to nego* 
i^ate a treaty of atnity and peace. 
Accordingly the commissioners and 
iplcnipotentiaries met at London^ in 
the beginning of June l6l9^ and^ 
kft^r much tedious investigation, 
ind many long debated, concluded, 
on the 7th of July, a solemn treaty 
^ friendship and alliance between 
the two companies^ which was af- 
terward^ ratified by the King an^ 
the States-General. , 
. By this treaty it w^s stipulated, 
tiiat there should be a general am- 
nesty of all injuries committed by 
both parties, all prisoners released, 
and all captured property restored ; 
that the servants of both companies 
fhould maintain a friendly corre-t 
spondcnce, and afford each other 
mutual aid on all occasions; that 
the commei*ce joi' India should be 
irce to both parties ; that, ibr the 
advantage of trade, both parties 
should endeavour to regulate and 
lessen the excessive duties exacted 
in India, and discontinue the prac-* 
Itide of giving presents ; that a rea« 
ionable price should be Axed for 
all inerchandizes in India ; and at 
the public and private sales of In* 
dian goods in Ez^Iand and in Hoi* 
land, a stated price sliould be 
agreed on, under which, for a spe* 
citied period, it should be unlawful 
to sell ; that, with a view to avoid 
jealousies, the factors of both com- 
panies should agree together on a 
moderate price for the pepper of 
Bantam, and other places in the 
island of Java— that* there should 
be a perfect freedom of trade in 
regard to the other mcrcbaodivcs 



of that island; that tk^ £rtgUsl| 
Compai>y should enjoy a free trad9 
to Poolicate on the coa§t of Coror 
mandcl, and bear half the charge 
of jnaintajnjng tbe Dutch fort and 
gari^n there, in consideration of 
Uiis privilege ; that in the ishes ojF 
Banda and Amboyna, th^ -trad^ 
siiouid be regulated by commoh 
consent^ of which one-tbird Fhbukt 
be employed by the English, and 
the other two-thirds by the Dutch f 
that the merchandises of thos^ 
islands should b0 bought by th^ 
factors of both companies at the 
cqrrept price, and be divided by 
lot ; for which purpose it should b^ 
lawfu) for the. jf)utch and Englisl^ 
to have free acccs3 to the forts and 
factories of each other ; that, for 
the mutual protectioti of tlieir 
trade, ten ships of war, mounting 
80 guns each, should bo fitted out 
by each company ; t^iat the forts 
and garrisons in the islands of Ban^ 
da and Aniboyna should be main*: 
tained out of the dutietj levied on 
the exports of these islands, which 
duties should be assessed by th^ 
Dutch Council^ and received by 
the agents of both companies ; 
that, for the better protislction of 
the spice islands, a council of de- 
fence should be established, -con- 
sisting of eight persons-^an ecjua^ 
number to be elected fiH>m vkch 
party, and to take precedency al-r 
ternately ; that the council of de- 
fence should be vested with the 
power of occasionally employing 
the ships of war in the transporta- 
tion of merchandise from port to 
port in India, as well as of convert* 
rag the merchant vesscjs of both 
companies to warlike purposes, in 
cases ofemergcncy ; that the losses 
sustained in any engnncment for tho 
comnion defence should be borne 
equally by both coriipanios, and 
the captures and prizes be equally 



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jdnritikd bftween them; that tfe« 
forts and factories of both parties 
^lould remain iiilhe hands of that 
partj whi^h possessed them at the 
ratification of the treaty; that, 
with regard tb the proposal of the 
English Company to build forts for 
die security of their property, it 
^ould remain undecided, for the 
tfcrm of two or three yt^aVs, so that 
|here might be sufficient time to 
swgh the matter maturely, lo con- 
Mder of the nature and number of 
the fortifications necessary, and 
. ttwreby to come to a determination 
^tisfactoiy to both companies; 
that the forts taken from an enemy 
By the joint forces of both com- 
panies, should be equally possessed, 
garrisoned, and maintained by 
>fach ; that the contracting parties 
should ijot prevent or exclude each 
other from trading with any of the 
liations of India \vith whom they 
might contract separate engage- 
mente; that the trade of all India 
jriiould be free and o^n to both, ai 
irM within the possessions of either 
/roropany. as in other ports ; tfTid, 
inally, mat thfe treaty should rc- 
jnain in force t^venty years ; and if 
daring that period of time any dis- 
|hitcs arose between the servants of 
the two companies, wbidi could 
XicitfieT be adjusted by the Council 
fn India, nor by the Directors in 
fettfcpe, they should be referred to 
fhe King of England and the States- 
/CJeneral of the United Provinces, to 
be <ictermined by them. 

We have thus exhibited a full 
view of this famous treaty, from 
"whicTi such salutary consequences 
were expected to flow ; but which, 
so far from producing even any 
temporary benefits, appears to have 
been wholly disregarded by the • 
Dutch governors in India, who, 
shortly after thry had proclaimed 
n, not only vioiuteJ its principles, 



but infringed its most pd^htfe sti* 
pulations. Some oi' these stij[^Qla«' 
tions, indeed, were ill-adapted to do 
away that Jealousy, and to preireni 
the recurrence of those disa^(fe<^» 
meats, of which it vvae the main 
object of the treaty to make A 
stable and final settlement. In 
those articles that relate to the 
spice islands, the trade of which 
WHS the chief source of all the dit- 
sentions, it is unaccountably strangle, 
that, instead of making an absolute 
and distinct separation of the trade 
and the affairs of the two compa« 
nios, and of providing Tor the secu- 
rity of such a separation, the nego- 
tiators should have a^^rced ob esta- 
blishing a community of interests, 
and have employed their ingenuitj 
in framing regulations for the dis* 
tribiKion of the produce of those 
islands, and for the joint manage^ 
ment of trade between partie* 
who could never cease to fi?el their 
natural rivalry, and who could not 
soon lose the remembrance of their 
long and violent contentions. It 
required not any uncommon degree' 
of sagacity in those negotiators t<y 
have foreseen the impracticabiitty 
Of such regulations, as well as the 
improvidence of them, if they had 
been practicable. The naturai 
opcnition of such regulationi 
might have excited disputes evea 
betw^een parties disposctt to friend- 
Stiip ; and between the servants of 
the Dutch and Ertglish Companies^ 
they could not possibly have bad 
any other efll'Ct, than that of fur- 
nishing new grounds of joalou^ 
and of enmity. 'Vhe English nego- 
tiators were bound more particu- 
larly not. only to avoid grounds of 
future disseution, but to insist on 
the strongest guarantees for the 
pa'siTvation of tranquillity; be- 
en list- the great inli^riority of tho 
power ©f their company would, in 

the 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



the event of any fresh ruptpre, ex- 
pose their setUeipents to certain 
destruction : yet did they leave un- 
decided the question respecting the 
erection of fortresses, which would 
have been the only effectual secu- 
rity they could have had for the 
protection of their property and in- 
dependence, as well as the only 
7)ncans of curbing the haughty as- 
cendancy of the Dutch. Such, 
however, was the tame spirit, or the 
laniei^table imbecility of the Eng- 
lish government, that the royal 
sanction was given to a treaty, 
which, though designed for the se- 
curity of the most valuable branch 
of the national commerce, yet left 
it completely at the mercy of ava* 
ricious, irritated, and imperious 
rivals ; and which provided not even 
any guarantee for the fjilfilment of 
its own ineffectual apd improvident 
stipulations, except the honour and 
good faith of the Dutch Company, 
in which they ha4 so little reason 
to confide. 

But so restless was the avidity 
of the Dutch governors in India, 
and so regardless were they of the 
orders, or so persuaded of the se- 
cret and real wishes, of their mas- 
ters, that though they published 
the treaty, they did not suffer it to 
be put in force ; and committed a 
palpable infraction of one of its 
stipulations, within 4wo months af- 
ter its proclamation. It is express- 
ly stipulated in the treaty, *' that 
the possessions of the contracting 
parties shall remain in the hands 
of the then possessors ;'' and the 
whole island of Lantore, which four 
years before had been ceded to the 
English by a special grant from the 
native chiefs, was, by the clearest 
•and most indisputable of all rights, 
tlii'ir indefeasible property, . and 
consetjuently one of those posses- 
sions included in that stipulation. 



The Dutch government at Batavla, 
however, under the vague pretence 
of a prior right, determined to 
form a settlement in that island, 
and at least to share its advantages, 
if not, in the first instance, to expel 
the English from it. An arma- 
ment was accordingly equipped, 
and sent against Lantore ; but the 
officer who commanded it was in- 
structed not to molest the English, 
imless they should oppose him. 
The natives, who bore an implaca- 
ble hatred to the Dutch, on ac- 
count of the cruelties they had for- 
merly committed, no sooner des- 
cried their fleet, than they assem- 
bled in great numbers to resist their 
landing ; and the English, amazed 
at this most unexpected attack on 
their independent privileges, which 
had just been confirmed by a sor 
lemn treaty, but resolved to delend 
their rights and privileges to the 
last extremity, immediately joined 
and headed the Malays^ This 
brave, but fatal, resolution enraged, 
and, at the same time, gratified the 
invaders, who, though irritated at 
an opposition they did not expect, 
were glad of a pretext for seizing 
at once upon the English settle- 
ment, of which it was the ultimate 
object of their plan to obtain pos- 
session. The English town was 
protected only by a single wall oi^ 
the land side, and a small redoubt 
next the sea, on which a few can- 
non were planted, and as the fac- 
tors were wholly unacquainted with 
the most common principles of de- 
fence, their resistance was feeble 
and short. The disciplined forces 
of the Dutch easily dispersed the 
Malays, and carried the place by 
storm. Such of the English as 
escaped the first fury of the assault, 
called for quarter, and they were 
spared for a while, not from any 
movements of humanity, but In 

order 



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THE HISTORY OP INDIA, 



11 



:! 



ffrder to reserve them for a fate 
^lore a-kin to the disposition of the 
yictors. After shipping oflf on 
board their tlcet a considerable 
quantity of moBey, and the whole 
pf the valuable merchandise ^hich 
the town contained, and after hay- 
ing ransacked and pillaged eyen 
the private dwcilipgs of the factors, 
the commandant of the Dutch or- 
dered the fe>ir surviving English, 
ivho had thrown the;nsclves on his 
inercy, to be stripped naked, bound 
with cords, publicly whipped, and 
while they were yet streaming with 
biood, loaded tdem with chains, 
dragged them in savage triumph 
through the streets, and> finally, 
precipitated the miserable victims 
from the walls of the town*, 
fiaving thus satisfied his ferocious 
appetite, he proceeded to the island 
pf Poolaroou, where he committed 
fhe like depredation, and perpe- 
trated i g cold blood the same in- 
human CTueltTST*" 

When the account of these 
transactions reached England, the 
whole nation was filled with asto- 
nishment, horror, and indignatioUf 
The treachery of the Dutch ap- 
peared no less enormous than their 
unprovoked aggression and barba- 
rity. The flagriM^t breach of a 
treaty which had been solemnly ra- 
tified by the king, the honour of 
the government was interested to 
resent— the horrid murder of so 
many English subjects, the spirit 
of the people w^s called upon to 
revenge. These considerations 
were of much deeper importance to 
the nation, and ought, therefore, to 
have had much greater weight with 
the government than the contest at 



that period impending between th« 
States of Bohemia and the Houso 
of Austria, in which they were so 
solicitous to interfere : yet James, 
with that shallow ^nd pusillanimous 
policy, mixed wi^h so many idle 
prejudices, which characterised his 
reign, left the redress of this la- 
tional injury entif^ly to the com- 
pany; and devoted his whole atten- 
tion to the affairs of Germany, of 
which he entertained the vain ima- 
gination that he might become the 
arbiter. Hence no demand of sa- 
tisfactiop, i^ot even ^ remonstrance, 
was made to the States-General, 
by the king, on the subject of the 
barbarous outrage which had taken 
place in India. The^resenttient of 
the people, uncm bodied and undi- 
rected by their rulers, spent its force 
in unavailing reproaches ; and 
this daring insqlt to the dignity of a 
proud and powerful nation remain- 
ed unavenged. The affair termi«« 
nated in a paper-war between the 
Dutch and English Companies. 
The remonstrance of the English 
directors called forth from the 
Dutch an elaborate defence of thtf 
conduct of their Indian govern- 
ment in the transaction. The sub- 
stance of that defence may, how- 
ever, be comprised in a few words. 
It asserts, that the Dutch Company 
have a more ancient right to the 
islands of Lantore and Poolaroon 
than the English, and that, there- 
fore, no subsequent act of the 
chiefs of those islands, who had re- 
nounced all their privileges in fa- 
vour of the Dutch, could possibly 
invalidate the right of the latter ; 
and that with regard to the hostili- 
ties which had been* committed 



^ See the Reply of the English Company to the Defence of the Dutch Company, 
for the conduct of their Officers in this barbarous transaction. The subttaoce of this 
Reply will be found in Harris, folio, vol. i« p. 877«*Modem Universal History) voLx« 
». 39— History of East Indies, for Dodsley, vol. ii. p. 418— 19, 

against 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



against the English factors, tha^t 
the Dutch government had found it 
necessary to invade the island of 
Lantore^ in order to chastise the 
luttive chiefe for breaking their en- 
gagements to them; and that the 
English factors, by assisting these 
chiefs, had violated the treaty of 
alliance and friendship between the 
two companies, and were alone re- 
sponsible for all the calamities 
which ensued. 

The answer of the English Com- 
pany to this hollow defence is irre- 
fragable and conclusive. It states 
that the ground of argument as- 
sumed by the Dutch is totally fal- 
lacious ;, that the native chiefs of 
Laatore- had never ceded to the 
Butch any right whatever to their 
kkad ; that this point was proved, 
Botonly by the positive evidence of 
the natives, but by the implied ad- 
mission of the Dutch themselves ; 
that ia the former disputes between 
the two companies, the Dutch pre- 
tended to nothing more than a pro- 
mise from the native chieiV, of a 
turrender of their rights, on cer- 
tain conditions; that it was notorious 
no such oonditions for such a pur^ 
pose u'CBc ever carried into eflfect ; 
and that above all, the ri^t of the 
English Company to the places they 
possessed at the period of the ratifi- 
cation of the late treaty, was con- 
^rmcd, by the express terms of a 
positive stipulation. 

But the praise of having confuted 
their rivals in argumen| was all the 
satisfaction which the company ob- 
tained : for a few faint expressions of 
ipegrct, from the Dutch Company, on 
account of the sutferingsof the Eng- 
lish at Lantore, and a slight cen* 
sure of the conduct of their oflScers 
on that occasion, was rather an ad- 
ditional insult to the wounded ho- 
nour of the nation, than any satis- 
facti<|D for violated faith and atror 



clous injuries. The whole pro* 
ceedings of the Dutch at this time 
plainly indicate, that they had 
adopted a settled scheme for expel- 
ling the English from the spiced 
islands; that their motives for 
concluding the new treaty, were to 
give themselves time to mature that 
scheme ; and by lulling their rival* 
into an imaginary sectirity, to faci- 
litate and quicken its operation. 
The commander of the expedition 
against Lantore probably exceeded 
his orders. But the Dutch Com- 
pany calculating, not only on th« 
pacific temper of the English mo- 
narch, but on the circumstance of 
his being so much occupied with 
continental politics, considered this 
to be a fit moment for a vigotouf 
prosecution of their projects ; and 
were consequently little disposed to 
blame a precipitancy in the con- 
duct of their officers, even though 
attended with violence, which so 
eflR'Ctually promoted their wishes ; 
and Mhich, if productive of any 
alarming degree of resentment, they 
relied on their ability to appease. 
The event fully proved the accuracy 
of their views ; and their hostile po» 
licy against their rivals was thence- 
forward uninterruptedly pursued. 

Whilst the English were thus 
suffering such severe losses and in- 
dignities, from the treachery, injus- 
tice, and oppression of their ttllies^ 
in the eastern Archipalago, fortune 
had in some measure counterba- 
lanced their disasters, by favouring 
their enterprises apd their ^nns on 
the western side of India. In the 
beginning of l620, the company 
launched four new ships, of which 
two was 800, and two 400 tonf 
each. These ships were equipped 
both for warlike and commercial 
purposes? and they were destined 
more particularly for the protectioi), 
pf the company** trade, on the 

coast 



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THE HISTORY OF INDfA. 



13 



Coast of Malabar, w\d in the Pcr- 
tiaa Gulpb, agaiiust tbe hostilities 
of the Portuguese. This squadron 
sailed from England in February, 
under the command of Captain 
SpviUag, and reached the coasts of 
India about the middle of the fot- 
iowing summer. After touching: at 
Baroach, Spelling proceeded to the 
Gulph of Persia, at the entrance of 
which he fell in wiih a Portuguese 
fleet, consisting of four galleons of 
40 guns each, two galliots, and ten 
liri gates. Notwithstanding the great 
inferiority of his force, Spelling 
detcnnioed, in obedience to his in- 
structions not to suffer himself to be 
raolested in his course. According- 
ly, when the Portuguese fleet made 
a movement to intercept his pro- 
gress, he immediately gave them 
iattlc, and after a desperate and 
■bloody conflict, which lasted for 
nine hours, without intermission *, 
the darkness of the night compelled 
the hostile fleets to desist. In the 
morning the Portuguese perceiving 
that the English weiie prepared to 
renew the eagagc'ment, stood away 
to the Isle of OrmuK, leaving the 
l>rave Spelling to prosecute his 
voyage in triumph. But <m his re- 
turn to the coa^ of Malabar, he 
Was agatli attacked by the Portu*- 
gucse, who had by that time re- 
paired the damages their fleet had 
sustained. Another battle ensued, 
still more desperate than the last ; 
two of the lttr;^e«t of the Portu- 
guese shi jw were sunk, and the rest 
dispersed; but the C!H>lish met a 
severer lo», in * the death of Spel- 
ling, who^itb suc^ dauntless intre- 
pfdity protjecfed Ih^ property of 
fbe company, *in4 upheld the naval 
imiour of his country. The eflfect 
fi€ ^heie^illittUt a<*ifOtos vwts pow- 



crfijlly felt, in the extension of th« 
company's commerce and influence 
in Western India ; but in the Kast 
they appear to have submitted with- 
out resistance to the domination of 
the Dutch, which progressively re- 
pressed their industry, and distract- 
ed their affairs. 

Encouraged by the supineness of 
their rivals, the Dutch resolved to 
postpone no longer the final com- 
pletion of the sclieme, wliich they 
had so long meditated against them; 
and their government in the spies 
islands accordingly proceeded to 
the perpetration of that well^cDown 
act which is distinguished in the an- 
nals of the world for the most com- 
plicated perfidy and enormous bar- 
barity, and which historians havt 
justly denominated the Massache 
ofAmboyna. The charge brought 
againjrt the Enjjiisii factoi-s of their 
Slaving toAncd a conspiracy for th^ 
extermination of the Di^lch; the 
right of jurisdiction over these fac- 
tors, which the Dutch Government 
assumed ; the solemnity of a public 
procedure, to give a legal colour 
to robbery and murder ; the ma«- 
fiitude of the crimes thus commit- 
ted, under the sanction of a pubtio 
trial ; the flagitious defence of these 
<?rimc8 by the Dutch Company, 
And the still more extraordinary 
submission of En«;land to this atro« 
cious violation of public law, of 
national honour, <rf moral recti- 
tude, and of the common rights 
of humanity,— all demand a fuller 
exposition of the circumstances at- 
tending the afikir, than the lour 
station and unimportant characters 
of the actors in it would otherwise 
justify, tit would little become, th« 
digmtyof history to record, a| any 
ooiiBiderable length, tbo^naic* oif 



• ^ Sot ifk)L^(liat<l^sftdrBeris}c9r*fiKsvBl ifistorics^- parCicnljir'«MounT(j6f(itliis;iai 

jDutck 



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ASIAtlCJ ANNUAL REGISTER, IS04. 



Dutch factors, or the sufferings of 
English traders, at so distant a pe- 
riod, in a remote corner of the 
world, were it not that the charac* 
ter and honour of these celebrated 
nations arc involved in the subject. 
Amboyna, the largest and raost 
fruittiil of the Molucca Islands, 
was chiefly possessed by the Dutch, 
who had formed a considerable 
establishment in it. The English 
had likewise five factories in it, 
which they had erected in different 
parts of the island. The posses- 
sions of the Dutch were protected 
by four fortresses, the chief of which 
was at the town of Amboyna, the 
capital of the settlement. The for- 
tifications at this place were regu- 
lar, strong, and well mounted with 
a great number both of brass and 
iron ordnance. Towards the land, 
the works were strengthened by a 
broad and deep ditch, filled by the 
sea ; whilst on the other side they 
were covered by the ocean. The 
fort of Amboyna was garrisoned 
with two hundred regular Dutch 
soldiers, a company of free-burgh- 
ers, and four hundred Mardykers, 
who had been well trained to the 
use of arms. The ships which lay 
in the road for the purpose of war 
as weU as traffic, added consider- 
ably to the security of the place. 
Here the English had their principal 
factory, and all their agents re- 
sided ; and since the animosities 
arising from the afifiEiir at Lantore 
had begun to subside, they lived in 
the town, under the protectidn of 
the Dutch government, and appa- 
rently with something of that con- 
fidence, which the ancient friend- 
ship of the two nations, and the 
recent treaty were so well adapted 
to inspire. This confidence seemed 
too to be strengthened by the warm 
terms of indignation in which the 
Dutch at Amboyna reprobated the 



conduct of the commander of th^ 
expedition to Lantore; and hence 
this artful policy of the Dutch 
cqnspired with various concurring 
circumstarures, to lull the English 
into that fatal security which ter- 
minated in their destruction. 

The seeds of disagreement, how- 
ever, were too deeply sown in the 
jealousy natural to rival traders, in 
the still lurking remembrance of for- 
mer injuries, and in the stipulations 
of that very compact which was 
designed to cement the friendship of 
the two companies, to admit of any 
long continuance of tranquillity at 
Amboyna, even if the Dutch go- 
vernment had not laid a deliberate 
plan for disturbing it. The English 
factors had begun to complain of 
the um^asonable and unnecessary 
charge imposed on them by the 
Dutch, for the repairs of the for- 
tifications and the maintenance of 
the garrison. They alleged that 
payment in specie was insisted on 
from them, whilst the Dutch go- 
vernment found their own propor- 
tion of the expence in provisions, 
which were valued at three times 
the prime cost. By this mode of. 
proceeding, the English asserted, 
that they actually paid two thirds 
of the charge, which, according to 
the express stipulations of the treaty, 
ought to have been equal. These 
complaints were referred to the 
Council ofBatavia, who, after some 
deliberation, declined any decision, 
and transmitted them to Europe. 
In the mean time, the disputes to 
which they gave rise, grew daily 
more violent ; yet the English ap- 
pear not to have apprehended any 
danger of an open rupture ; when 
an accident occurred, which fur- 
nished the Dutch government with 
a sort of pretext for throwing off 
those moral restraints which a na- 
tural feeling of justice has imposed 

on 



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tttt UlStORt Of iNDtA 



15 



oil the malignant passions of man- 
kind. 

, A Japanese soldier, in the ser- 
vice of the Dutch, happened one 
night to fall into conversation with 
an European sentinel, who was 
posted on the ramparts of the cita- 
del, and amongst other matters 
about which they discoursed, the 
Japanese asked many questions rela- 
tive to the nature ' of the fortifica- 
tions, the number of cannon, and 
the strength of the garrison. The 
Japanese troops did duty in the ex- 
terior town, but were not allowed 
to form any part of the garrison of 
the fortress ; so that a kind of ge- 
Deial suspicion of their fidelity ap- 
pears to have been entertained. An 
officer who had observed the senti- 
nel in conversation with the Ja- 
panese, consequently interrogated 
the former, as to the subject of 
their discourse, and he considered 
the report of the sentinel of suffi- 
cient importance to be communi- 
cated to the governor. The Japanese 
was immediately arrested, on sus- 
picion of being concerned in some 
treasonable d^ign. Upon being 
put to the torture, he confessed 
that he and some of his countrymen 
were guilty of the crime with which 
he was charged. His supposed ac- 
complices, together with a Portu- 
guese who superintended the Dutch 
slaves, were accordingly seized, and 
likewise put to the torture. The 
examination of these persons lasted 
lour days, during which time the 
English factors transacted their bu- 
siness in the citadel as usual; a 
striking proof, not only of their 
being altogether unsuspicious of 
any design on the part of the Dutch 
government to implicate them in 
the alleged conspiracy, but like- 
vfiMe of the entire consciousness of 
their own innocence. They were in 
fact perfectly unacquainted with the 



Japanese and Portuguese, who had 
already sufi^red under these sum«- 
mary and harsh proceedings. But 
there was another circumstance 
which the government eagerly seiz-* 
ed on, as a colourable ground of 
accusation against the English. A 
person of the name of Price, for- 
merly surgeon to the English fac- 
tory, was at this time confined in 
the citadel, for having, in a drunken 
frolic, threatened to set fire to tho 
house of a Dutchman, against 
whom he bore some personal re- 
sentment. The ingenious suspicion 
of the government connecting this 
threat with the alleged plot, fixed 
upon Price as an accomplice ; and 
he was brought before the Fiscal for 
examination,* whilst the Japane^ 
soldier was a second time suffering 
the agonies of the rack. He was 
told that the English were accused 
of being confederates in the conspi- 
racy, and that unless he immedi- 
ately revealed the whole circum- 
stances of the affair, he should un- 
dergo a still severer punishment 
than that which he now beheld. 
Price replied that he knew of no 
plot, and had therefore nothing to 
reveal ; but the execution of the 
punishment with which he had been 
menaced, subdued his conscience 
as well as his constancy ; and he 
answered in the affirmative all the 
questions of his unrelenting judges. 
Upon an admission of assumed facts, 
thus wrung from a victim on the 
rack, by the dread of further pain, 
and the fear of ulterior death, the 
Dutch government arrested Mr. 
Towerson, the chief of the English 
factory, and the whole of the Eng- 
lish factors in the island of Am- 
boyna. 

This measure, which nothing but 

the most clear, unbiassed, positive, 

and unexceptionable evidence of 

the supposed conspiracy could have 

rendered 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL RUGlffFfcR, 1804. 



irfiJcWred justifiable oa any princi- 
pU'f was I'ollowod u|> with u sum- 
mary examination oi" the prisoners. 
And with the process of the torture, 
in order to extort confession. Beau- 
mont «ind Johnson, two seamen 
were first examined. The latier 
>ras brought to the rack, whilst 
the former was placed in an adjoin- 
ing apartnicnt, where lie could dis- 
tii)ctly bear the groans of his com- 
panion at every application of the 
torture; ^o that the same instru- 
meut which infiicted actual punish- 
ment on the person of the one, 
might, by xpcans of intimidation, 
serve t^ operate on the mind of tho 
other* Johnson having borne the 
torments of the rack, with im- 
iQovcabJe infiexibihty, was con- 
fronted with Price; but the former 
persisted vikh manly fifmoess in as- 
sorting his innocence of what was 
laid to his charge. In defiance of 
tJie various modes of torture, both 
vith wa^r and fire, which were ap- 
plied to him, he resolutely adhered 
to the truth ; and thus exiiibited a 
jioble exaniple of the triumph of 
fortitude over all theeftbrtsof a de- 
praved and ferocious cruelty, ^e 
"Was theu remanded back to con- 
fineiBcnt,and Ikaumont was brought 
ftom the adjoining apartinpnt. The 
venerable appearance of this man, 
who vias stricken in years, and the 
pious vjaculations which he uttered 
in protestation of his innocence, 
brou^xht back his judges to some 
»ense of humanity, and he was dis- 
missed with the sad privilege of 
being confined in the same dungeon 
vith Johnson. On the following 
day, nine more of the prisoners 
uere examined, and underwent the 
same tortures which Johnson had 
endured and withstood. But the 
fprtitude of some of the sufi'erers 
>as unequal to the severity of the 
tg'kidf A pofsoD of thti iMMue o£ 



Coll^]^ wheu he beheld the it^^ 
ful apparatus by which he was tfl 
sufit;r, shrunk from so hortihle tt 
scene. But this was the efect of 
terror, at which the conscience of 
the utd)appy nun imniediately rev 
vol ted as soon as the cause was re^ 
moved. When he was con(iucte4 
into another apartment, he pra-i 
tested that he hail nothing to epo^. 
iess, for he was entirely ignoraint of 
the existence of any conspiracy 
whatever; and appealed to God, 
with solemn vehemence, to attfest 
the truth of his protestation, and 
move the hearts of his judges witb 
compassion. Tjiis moral proof Qi 
umocence, more convituring ia sucb 
a case than even the positive evi- 
dence of hutpan t€6tiniony, w» 
wh^pliy disregarded by his mercilesa 
accusers, who were more intent os^ 
punishing than on discpvering tho 
authors of a plot, in the reality of 
which it is manifest they never be-^ 
lieved. Collins was accordingly* 
bound to the rack, and th/storturoa 
were ordered tp be applied, wbei^ 
be again implored for mercy, and 
promised to confess; but at tht 
same time avowed that it waa thm- 
torments they were going to inflict, 
which he dreaded, a^d that ratber 
tJian endure them, he was ready to 
answer in the affirmative any ques- 
tions which the Fiscal should ib^ 
pleased to ask. ^e then admitted 
that he, and some of the other 
English prisoners had engaged in.^' 
conspiracy with the Japanese, to* 
take the citadel by surprise. Ha 
was aske4 whether Mr, Tovvenoa 
was a confederate in the plot ? to 
vhich he resolutely replied in the 
negative. The Fiscal however in- 
sisted that Towerson was the prime 
mover of the conspiracy. Coilioa 
was then asked, whether he bad- 
been sworn to secrecy on the Bible/ 
HeiU first aa5.wcrcd, uo; but «» 

being 



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THE HMrrORY OP INDIA, 



hmg onleft«d to tke torture; ke 
said th«t an oatH of secrecy had 
been taken. After TaHous inter- 
rogatoriat of a nmilar tendency, to 
mil of which he signified his assent, 
thb person was remanded to coo^ 
fioement. 

Mr, John Clark, a factor, who 
was next examined, was not so 
readily intimidated into submission; 
asd he was tfaer^re treated with a 
aavage cruelty, proportioned to th« 
unaKmkeQ intrepidity which he dis- 
played. For upwards of two hours 
be withstood the excraciating tor- 
ments of a gtmhter variety c^ tor- 
tttfea than the moet ihgc»ik)us de- 
pravity perhaps ever before fnr- 
niflfaed to the barbarity of the most 
merdlesi ^raat. Alt the inven* 
tions of cruelty were exhausted, 
and the strength of this brave man 
waa almost cntifely spent, before his ^ 
spirit yielded 'to his inhuman op- 
pfcasors; and even then, all that 
couid be extorted from him was a 
bare assent to the interrogations of 
the Piacal, which amounted to no* 
thing more than the questions that 
had been ahready put to Collins. 
Finding it impossible to force Clark 
to any declaration, or even admis- 
sion more suitable to their purpose, 
he was thrown into a loathsome 
dungeon, whilst yet bleeding, and 
unable to move with the horrible 
bumingstmd lacerations which had 
been inflicted by the tortures; and 
unprovided with any attendance, 
much less with any sort of surgical 
aid, the unhappy man perished in a 
few days, in a state of putrefac- 
tion. 

"So deep a terror was struck into 



most of the prismbets not yet esa** 
mined, by the dreadful cruelties' 
with which ClarUhad been treated, 
that four of them gave affirmatiTe 
answers to the questions asked them, ' 
without being put to the torture. 
These men even went so for as to 
sign a formal confession, which had 
been purposely drawn up. But 
they were no sooner conducted back 
to their place of confinement, than 
they burst out into the most fervent 
prayers and supplications to Qod for . 
forgiveness of the perjury, which 
the dread of the torture could alone 
have prompted them to commit. 

The kst person examined waa 
Mr. George Sharrock, superintend-' ' 
ant of the English factory at Hitto, 
a place situated in the island of- 
Amboyna, at a considerable dis- ' 
tance fh)m tiie Dutch capital. Upoa 
being brought up to the place of 
torture, he prlk^^d God to enable 
him to frame such probable hh* 
hoods against himself and his coun-^ 
trymen, as might serve to persuade 
his judges, and deliver him fhim 
the torments of the rack. Buft 
when the Fiscal proceeded to ques- 
tioh him, he stood motionless and 
terrified, and unable to utter a syl- 
lable in reply. Appalled with the 
notion of the crime he was about to 
commit, in giving his testimony to 
falshoods which involved the lives 
of his innocent and suffering cpm- 
patriots, he fell upon his knees, in 
a pions frensty, protesting to God 
his total fVeedom from the guilt 
imputed to him, and invoking the 
clemency of his judges *. Exaspe- 
rated, not touched with pity, at^ 
this affecting exhibition, the .re" 



• Set the depoiitloni on oack of Saisttel CoUoo, William Griggs, AM Prlc«, md 
John ftssomoot* Beflasb facttrt at Ambofrna, taktn before the idgh Court of A«l- ' 
Toinkft oa their recnrn to Sogland r preserved in Osi$nt^t OaUKtknst vol. ii. f. iS^* 
ThMpperseiMb'taS^Char with three otberi, were par«Uioeil by the Putch Governor at 
AmWyos^ and attowaA to^retaro to England \ but these iomr only lived to arrive. 



^VOL. Vh 



morsclesa 



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ASIAT^e.AWNUALiREG18TER, 1B04. 



novelets' Go^mor cpiujiiis Fiscal 
gdve immediate opdofs forthf ap- 
plication of the torture. He tb^ii , 
besought for a short respite, eagerly 
ur^xig in his vindication that he 
Avas afctually at, liitto on thp very 
day on \i'hich the supposed co^spi-, 
r^cy. i?as alleged to be plauiMKl ; 
thi^t from that d^y he had not bpen 
at the town of Amboyna, until , 
brought there under arrest, a^d 
that be was ready to prove thesa . 
facte on the positive, evidence of. 
Dutchmen of unquo'stipnable cre- 
dit and good faith. 3ut eyen this 
defence was wholly disregarded, and • 
the torture being applied, kh fear 
of pain at last drove him to the 
commi^ion of that cri^ie of which . 
h^ had expressed his al)horrence 
^th such emphatic sincerity. He 
then related that he had hoard 
Clark say he would be revenged of 
the Dutch, for ih^ insufferable 
^roz)gs they had done the English ; ' 
' and that for the execution of that , 
pnrpose> he had proposed a sch^ipe 
to Towerson, an4 that h^ had in- 
ticated his permispsion to go to Ma- 
cassar, in order to consult mea^ 
8ures with the Spaniards for seizing 
ttie smaller f;actpnes in.Amboyni^,.. 
and the neighbouring islands. On 
being asked whether Towerson as- 
sented to this proposal^ he replied 
tj^at he w^ in the highest degree 
incensed with Clark, for entertain- 
ing it, and, could never afterwards 
endure him. Enrai^d at this an- 
^^er, t}^e Fiscal ^^u tjire^itened 



him wiih the torture ; but after va- 
ripuct contradictory stories and in- 
coQsi^^nt replies, all tending ta 
sht^w the fallacy of his first relation, 
it. was thought useless to persist far- 
ther in the exaiui«a|ioii of Sfaar- 
rock, and he was sent back to his 
duDi^qo^ On the day following, 
be was : again brought before the * 
Fiscat,lo4Jgn his confession, which 
he 4id with all iraaginaj>le reluct- 
ance : > but he had. nr vertbeless the 
resolution to declare, that th^ con- 
fession, to which he, bad thus sub^ 
scribed bis name, in order to dj^re- 
cate the implacable hostility of his 
judges, was totally without fotin^ 
dation *« 

Thus by the infiictioa of a va- 
riety of monstrous and insupport- 
al^le barbarities, were a number of 
innocent and blameless men loaded 
and scourged to confessions, tke 
numberlessincongriiities aad impro- 
bt^ilities of which render pfilpably 
false ; and of which tbey made a 
solemn disavowal, the instant they 
were relieved from thoae,pains,ihat 
had overborne their nature. The 
£)utch government however, with 
that unbending pers^erance which 
is one of the characteristic qualif , 
tips of epoimoua vice, proceeded' 
on this evidence alone to pass judg<« 
n)cn^ on Mr. Towerson, and the 
whole of the prisoners, both £ng- • 
lish and Japanese f. They were all 
condejpned todeath,exceptingfour, 
who had adduced positive proof of 
their l^ng H Hitto at fte ti^i^ of 



. t , See Harleiao CoUcoC. vqI^ ii« 

■ f Sc^ Harris's Voyages, vol, i. p. 88a.-rThc confession of Mr. Towerson, on which 
Ihe Dutch Company dwell so much in pheir defepc^ wc haye not noti(;e4 in oi|r rela- 
tion i not Tpereiy because there is no' mention made of it in the depositions of the four 
factors who returned to England, but because it is not inserted alonp with the confcs- 
sioRSof the other prisoners, in the original report of tho proceedings at Amboyns^ 
transmitted to Holland by the Council of Bauvia. We may therefore lisuriy conclude, ' 
that ss.it does not appear that Towerson was put to the torture, he made no confession 
atiill ; and that ihe passages quoted-from his confession in the Dutch Company's De« 
|$ence are oKurely fabripaccd; The Report aUwkd to is preserved in |he Harlda^ 
C^U^ptfons, 



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IHE Hfl&TOBV 6f iKDrt^ 



i9 



tt* pref^flded conspiracy;* *Fh^ 
whtAt of the prisoners wfere theil 
fcrought np together befbife the Go-* 
Pernor and Fistal, to receive sen- 
tence, when the English repf otfched 
the Japanesei for their ^\se ^tcxt^ 
sation of innocent men, who had 
nerer injured them, and whom they 
had never seem The Japanese^ ac^ 
cording to che Asiatic style, art- 
iwerpd tMily, by shewing the wtMlnds 
they had received from the torture, 
and by asking whether human i)fiY)g^ 
could resist a trial/ Which would 
have changed tvdn tl&e nature of 
inanimate bodies* f Three bf the 
English were pardoned ; one fh>m 
permission havirig bieten given for 
ftmr of them to draw lots, the other 
two at the earnest and repeated en- 
treaties of the Dutch merchants. 
Mr. Towerson, an J the rest of the 
English, ten in number, together 
with one Portuguese and ♦leveh 
Japanese, were ordered to bC exe- 
Tuted ; and on the 27th of FlsbnP- 
ary, l623, they were all conducted 
to the place of execution, wher^, 
aHer making a solemn renunciation 
of their c< 'tEfessions before the Dutch 
clergyman who attended themf, 
they suffered death. The following 
day was devoted to the solemniea- 
lion of a public thanksgivifi^, for 
the signal deliverance of the Durch 
settlement at Amboyna from this 
mighty conspiracy!. 

These extraordinary proceedings 
being thus brought to a final termi- 
nation, the s^eral English factors 
who remained, were sent to Bata- 
via; from whence, with the per- 



niissibn of the' Supt^fe Coiindl, 
they were -to be conveyed to Eng* 
land. After the departure of these 
unhappy persons, the Governor 
and Fis<^al n^de an excursion to 
Banda^ with^the view of discover* 
in^ some (^atl^ble pretext on which 
to ground^ an accusation again^ 
the English agents in that island, 
for being Concerned with the con^ 
bpirator? at Amboyna. But aftet 
the Severest scrutiny into the con» 
duct of Mr. WeWen the president, 
mid the subo'rdinate facforsj no cli^ 
cumstance w^s found that could 
even give a colour fo suspicion §. 
-' We Wen' received from the go* 
vornor the first intMligence respect-- 
Ing his coiintrytnen at Amboyna; 
and' no less forcibly struck witib the 
improbaWtity of thelrhaving form- 
ed a conspiracy* than touched with 
sorrow for their fite* he imrae- 
diitely pr<K:eeded to that island', in 
otder to make every practicable eii- 
<iui:fy amongst the natives, relative 
to the transaction, as well as to de«- 
niattd[if^«m'tbe Dutch Oovemment 
-the restoration of the property of 
the English Company. The re- 
sult of his enquiries contains a sub- 
stantial confirmation of the deposi- 
tions of the surviving factbrs, who 
returned to England || : but his en- 
deavours to obtain the company's 
eflects proved altt>gether unsuccess- 
ful. The government of Am boyna 
alleged, that they had no authority 
to restore them^ and referred him 
to the Supreme Council at Batavia, 
whitherWelden accordingly went f; 
for the ardour of his public spirit 



• Harldan Collect, ibideirt snpra. 

f See tbu very material face stated in the Depositiorts o^ the ffiMv English Fiictors^ 
before the High Court of Admiralty, in Osborne's Collections, as before qi]ote4« 
t See the I^epOrt oF the Cooncil of Batavia, Karieian Collett. vol. ii. 
S Osborne's Collect, ibidem supra ; et Led. Naval Hist. sub. an. i62i. 
f Seethe Substance of Weldens Narrative in Lcdiard's Naval History* 
f WeAden's Narrative, ibid, suphi.- • 

C 2 was 



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«# 



ASIATIC ANWAL' REGISTER, 180*. 



was not i^ he 4amp^ bydiM(»« 
^ntmeat On Jiis anrival at 1^ 
tavia^ he praieated to the governor^ 
general and council a strong r<^ 
mon^lTancey signed by fill the £ag- 
ish iBcrphaats at that place, against 
tiic^rdce^Dgn at Ambqyna. TL# 
coaacil, ia their.^r^ply, state^ what 
mm kdi^atahly false \ that th^ 
gov4irQinc«t of Ambeyna were 
not amcaabic to their jurisdictioai 
.but, that, mdepeodent of this consi* 
deratioa^ that government had act- 
ed, m regard to the matter com* 
plained of» from an imperious ne** 
cessity, which must ever siipercada 
gcnenil niles, and ev^n th^ ordi- 
jMtry course of justice f. Kotiiingy 
therefore, rpmaiaed for the seal of 
^VcIdeIl, httt to trMVnit toEn^ 
land a circmastantial rcUlioA <^ 
all these intefestfaig particakrt* 
. This sad intelliigcaice arrived ite 
.England at the tune when Jhoaes 
the Fiist» dipoagli national pr^^ 
diceSt the iittrigaea of has ministem, 
aad Im owb indeeisive chavactert 
was kd to^ make a breaob with 
Spain ; and diis cireumstance, tb* 
gather with the polity which it 
su^orindueed^ of preserving the al^ 
lianoa wkh the Statea-Ckneral^ as 
'Well as tiiatiaseiMibility of real in- 
juriiea which marked the conduct 
of his geveramont, made him sub- 
nit^ after sa tame remonstrance, to 
thi^ Vagrant violatiom of the princi- 
ples of public law, and of the in- 
dep ende nt rights and the honour of 
the nation. Bat what is much 
mate remavkahb than the apathy 
:Mid wKfibrenee of James and his 
miraaters to the real interests of 
their country, the people of £ng* 



lan|l, on this occasion, aaeni to liaj« 
almost overlooked, in the ebulli* 
lion of thfir re^Uiieut against 
Spam, the actual cruelties commits 
tMl by theif protes^aatconMeratea 
upoQ their uno&ndiag country* 
ment. 

The States-General plainfy saw» 
from the spirit and style of , the 
English remonstrance, that they 
should run no risk in leaving the 
whole management of this a£^ ta 
their £^ lodi^ Company, who ac* 
cordin^^y published an elaborate 
defence of ihe conduct of the go* 
vemmeot of Amboyna. This de* 
fence, which aims^, at an enU^ jusr 
^fication of the whole proceedJnga 
•at Amboyna, ia one 9I the mosi 
curious apecimena of audacious so* 
phislry that has ever been pceaenteA 
f dm fmblic. It begins by stating^ 
4hlfet tae servants of the English 
Company in India ha4 infringed 
the trea^ of l£l9» hy sefii^ing Ho 
ooHipjnmte with the Dutch govcro^ 
ment m nfucssing and chastising 
Ae depredations of the Malaya 
upon the trade ef the latter : that 
the JVIalay princes were so embo^ 
dened at this pesiod, that they aK> 
tually* threatened to invade the 
islaada of Amboyna, and destypy 
the Dtitch eettleraenta; which cii- 
.cnmotance, combined with other 
occurrences, induced them to sua* 
pcet the English facton in these 
islands of maintaining a friendly 
oofpeapondenoe with those princes : 
that the governor and council of 
Amboyna, in c<msequenoe of this 
auspiciptv, closely watched the con* 
duct of the English, with regard ta 
the sccset correspondence which, it 



"* Netivitle Hist. vanHott. 14, 20C. Vslentyn. 1 D. aio.— J)« Gxaaf JUlstioa 

f WeIdoQ*s Narr^ve, ibid, supra. 

i If ume*» Blstoiy of England. voL vit p. tS$, 

"was- 



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THE BISTORT OP IHOIA* 



wit mdtnteody Ungrlninrticiiliir 
aiaiodttjied ivith tfe dbkft oi T«^ 
•ate a&d'Hdore: tint trkilst afiaim 
litre in thisstato st'AiDbojiiay A 
discofecy was oiade of a coaapi^* 
lacy agaioftt the Datck govern* 
jaentt by tbe English factors, ia 
conjunction witk Bome Japaaeae 
aoUcfBtn the service of the Dutch 
CoBBpany, whom these factors had 
bribed into their serrice for this 
•ped^ purpose: tfaal^ upon the 
ooofesaiony not only of the Ja« 
pancse, but of the fioglisL them- 
aelves, they were both condemned 
nod executed, mcootding to the 
Icwsof theUnited Pnmsces^exceptH 
iag aeren Eof^iih, to whom the 
governor, in consideration of their 
general good character^ was iar 
alnced to extend his aaevcyrdiat 
the justice of tfao prootediafs at 
Amboyna has been odledin ^{QM- 
<ion in £n^and<— but as .eveiy 
atate has a right to exerdseits own 
laws, and as the Dutch go««m* 
jnent hekl , by right of coM|«tt8t, th^ 
anpreme power in theisland of Am- 
^hoyna, their right of jarisdiction 
over any penoas resii&ag in that 
islaBd, who %Bd formed a conqn- 
racy against thetn, Could not rea* 
•aoiHLbly be questioned, nor the 
justice of their proceediap against 
the con^rators be arraigned, when 
such proceedings were strictly con- 
formnUe to the laws of the United 
ProTiaces : that the laws of Eng- 
land ware tadeed different from 
these laws, as well as irom those of 
all other nations in the world*' 
but the £ngtish conspiration at 
Amboyna could not possibly have 
been tried by their own laws, or by 
any laws, except those of the go- 
- Yernraei^ by whom they w«fe pre- 
lected, and under whom they UwmI: 
that as to the compteiot of the 
conspirators wot ha^ag beti^ seat 



to fiatonria, to beiriid By thaCaun^ 
cil of Jnstioe there, it was suffideat 
to obaenw, that the governor aaA 
council were not called upon to df 
to fay theprovkionsof thetpea^eC 
l£l9v by which the. conduct cC 
both companies ought aHteys to b* 
reguktsd : and, finally, that^widi 
regard to the usex>f the torture, of 
w^ch the English so bittsrly^:cqni«r 
plained, at bong repugnant not 
only to die lawt of their land, km 
to the fedings of humanity, it doei 
not appear that any thing morh 
than the ordinary torture wat ia^ 
flictod ^ and of such torture being 
used to the conspirators at Ai^ 
boyim, the English had no right to 
complain, because it was done ae» 
cording to the laws of Holktod^ 
lAeea it b not unusual in cases of 



The puWcarion of this defence 
.pmdttoed a reply from the En^ish 
Compaay.- In that »piy, they 
clearly shew, by a reference to 
known events and dates, that the 
aOe^uioas of the Dutch, in regard 
to curtain hostile designs meditated 
by the cfaiefr of Temate and Tl- 
doiu against their eettkiaant at 
Amboyaa,aad to a supposed secret 
correspondence between Uiesechiefii 
and the English fiictort, weie alto- 
gether without any foundation; ftr 
that a treaty of peace had actiNdhf 
been concluded between the Outra 
government at Amboyua and theto 
ehtc^ ten months astecadetit to 
the period of th« pretended eonspH-- 
racy ; and that the Dutch gotemo^ 
haU expUdtly reftued thw piofiered 
asbistaiice of English ahlptin the 
expedition agaitist the Malay {a^ 
rates, declaring it to be '^ an un- 
' d^taJdng of his own, and that tha 
English should not par^ipate ei« 
>^er in the credit or the benefit 
ishick mAi b& der^fod booi iV^ 

The 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



Tkt EoglisIi.Cotnijiany tbcn pro^ 
c«ed to ftatei that, respecting the 
Alleged conspiracy, it must ap* 
fear evident to the world, not only 
iroin the depositions on oath of tfa« 
aurviving factors, x^ho had retamed 
40 £nglimd, but from the complete 
iisesDrement between the different 
con&sions, both of the Japanese 
<and EngUsii, as well as the irieoon^ 
jciJabie contradictions which each 
jeparate confession contains, and 
Irom the admission of the Dutch 
^^omp^y* '* a3 to the ordinary 
torture, allowed by their laws in 
cases of treason, having been used 
at Amboyna ;"' that there were not 
any legal grounds on which the 
English factors could be tried, 
much less any legal proof on which 
they could be convicted : that, by 
the laws of the United Provinces, 
the confessions of culprits on the 
rack» or under fear. of the rack, 
were neveit admitted as sufficient 
evidence to coadenln them to deatih, 
even when such confessions were 
uniform, consistcut, and probable : 
. that the proceedings of the council 
of Amboyna, the relbre» were not 
only a positive violation of the ^irit 
of all laws, as well as of the h^ts 
^ of humanity, but directly contrary 
' to the pfaotice of tb^r own laws : 
"that as to the jurisdiction of the 
vgovernor abd council of Amboyna 
i ov^r the English factors, it is ma- 
■.ni/esty from the provisions of the 
tr^tyof 1619, that such jurisdic- 
tion is not recognised as extending 
to the English ; for, in the thir- 
. teenth artklft of that treaty, it is 
expressly :^tipulated, that all dis- 
- putes between the English and 
. jL)utch in the ^ice islands, which 
. cannot be deci<b;d.by the Council 
. of Justice at Batavia, sh6uld be 
transmitted to the respective com* 
panies in Europe : hence it is dear, 



that, accoidiog to tha treaty, (if# 
Dutch"^ gDvammbnt ' of Anboymi 
were bound * to trans^. 'to tho 
Council of Justice at Batavia th« 
tral of the* Ehglish facton; by 
which means' they would not have 
iafdnged the compact between the 
two comp^es, nor have violated 
an established and unchangeable 
principle of ju9tice, by the acouseri 
sitting in judgment on the accused i 
that, considering the relative 
strength of the government of Am« 
boyna, and of the English Victors, 
they could have found nodifficulty^ 
and encountered no risk, in sending 
•the alleged conspiitetors to Batavia : 
that, in fact, the circumstance of 
eighteen English factors, armed 
with a few muskto, aided by ele* 
yen Japanete, having formed a plot 
to take possession of a regular for* 
tress, garrisoned by 200 regular 
European soldiersp a company of 
free burghers^ and 400 Mardykera^ 
renders the whole allegation too 
improbable to obtain credit from 
reasonable and unbiassed men r 
and lastly, that, combining all these 
circumstances with therformercoiw 
duct of the Dutch at Lantoreand 
PooWtroon,',the English Company 
felt themselves fia% authorised to 
conclude, that this pretended con- 
spiracy was artfully and entirely 
fabricated by the Dutch govern* 
men t of Amboyna, and sanctioned 
by the Dutch Company, for the 
purpose of realising the wishes they 
had so often indicated before^ of 
expelling the English from all par- 
ticipation in the epice trade* 

From a comparison of the op* 
. posite reasons and arguments thud 
urged by the Dutch and En^ish 
Compaoiesr we deduce this unde- 
niable itifecence— >that the grounds 
on which the. governor and coHncil 
of. AMboyna ac-etted the English 

factora 



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THE HISTORY OF INDIA- 23 

f^ton were altogether improbable, them, the whole transaction most 
if not absurd ; that their proceed- have been the result of the policy 
ing to try these factors was not of the Dutch Company in regard 
only a breach of the treaty of to the spice trade, and of the de* 
161 9» but a gross violation of one liberate contrivance of their go- 
of the fundamental principles of vernment at Amboyna. Tbe total 
justice; that the mode of trying, expulsion of the Etiglish merchants 
and the evidence on which they from all the spice islands^ a few 
were condemned, were alike con- months afterwards, affords the most 
traiy to the laws of Holland and complete corroboration of this de» 
to the rights of humanity; and duction; so that the foul stain e( 
that, as those illegal and harsh the massacre of Amboyna mt^ 
proceedings took place without any remain indelibly fixed on the ch)l* 
fon of necessity whatever to colour ractcr of t)ie Dutph natipo. 



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tFAU IN CEYLON. 



It was oor iotention to haxt giveti^ iii this volomei a complete ac-" 
omot of tbe origin and progress of the war which has existed in 
Cqrtcm for iqiwards of two years 5 and likewise to h^ve taken a view 
«f tbe chancier of the Candian government, of the relative state 
of the GootendiDg powers, of tbe causes which produ^red dissention 
bttween tbesn, and, of the principles and motives by which each 
has been actuated J to that our readers m^t be enabled to form an 
acconte jodgment as to tbe justice, policf, and probable consequences 
cf tbe meaanres pursoed bj the British government in that island. 
But a de^ciency of authentic documents pcevents us from fulfilling 
Ykb inteotiosi, and baa obfiged us to confine the following narration to 
t mefe sommaiy of the principal circumstances which led to the con- 
test and of tbeevcnti wfaidihave attended it, from the perii^ of its 
«igi& to tbe dew of 1804. 

Ih our next volume we hope we may have It in our power to 
pteaent oor readers with an aoconnt of the termination of these dis- 
astroM bostXtiesj and we shall then enter, with freedom and im« 
partiidi^, into an examinadon of tbe principles and policy 00 which 
Acy facv«t been carried on. 

In die year 179|59 when iateD^^oe reached India of the war be*, 
tmjm England fad HoMand^ an armament was sent from Madras 
agmst tbe Dutch settlements biCe^on ) all of which, after a partial 
and feeble fasistance, sobmittfed to the Britbh arms. Theae settle* 
iDems were, hi tbe fint imtanqp, held in trust for the Prince cf 
Orange, to whose cause the majority of the Dutch were atlanhed ^ 
Vol. 6. a oeded 



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% ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 

aod tbeiQ posfi^ssioi^ rematned an a^^dndage to the presidency of Ma*- 
dras» aod under the imixiediate goveirnmentof the commander in chief 
oCthe EngUlh troq>s, until ijggf when theywepe; txaus^^rred to th# 
crown of England^ and formed into an establishment wholly uncoq* 
nected with the East India company, and, subject only to the qm- 
trol of his majest/fi miaisttrs* Tlie Hob. li'redenck North ws$ thcA 
s^nt to CeyloQ, as governor of our dominion in that island, and with 
full powers to carry mto effect a system of gpvemmcivt, which ha4 
be^i adopted for itr Of this system, it is not necessary in tbig place 
to give any detailed account -, it is sufficient to state, that sucliarran^ 
ments took place at Columbo and the interior as were calculated to 
ensure the safety and prosperity of the colony. 

With a view to these objects. Governor North, in the year 1800, 
determined on sending an embassy to tlic King, of CaaJy,^ i^) order to 
establish a 'friendly interqourse with that mon^ch. ^ ^ ^ •■,:..:. 

As it was intepded to make this ena^>assy as in:^)osing as possible^ 
the governor, previous to its leaving Columbo, sent hift private ^secfftf 
tary, R^r. Boyd, to the bonders of our territory at ^itlivacca* to coi^- 
raunicate with the adtgar and other officers of state to his^Q^^i^ 
^raajesty, ' _,'.'.,.. ..,.. : . . .; 

. , This preliminary step was the more necessary, as the extr^e j^ 
lousy of tills people would, otherwise, have beep alarmed at die. intip-r 
duotion of a military force into their country, and might probably hav^ 
counteracted an gur plans. ^ j ^ 

At this interview, however, every necessary. »Tangemeof toojc jplacc^ 
and the embassy set forward. , . . 

General M'Do^i^ral^ compiander in chief of the forces in Ceyloij, :vv4s 

appointed to this mission, attended by an escort, consistii^g fif ^^ 

light company and four battalions of his majesty's igtb ^tmqit of 

fopt, five companies and two battalions 6th regiment erf" coast^^nqy^, 

[five gonapanies of tlie Malay regiment, a detachment of the Beng^ 

i^tiiiiery, with fovy; 6:P9unders and two howitzers, and part of thp Ma- 

dr^^s pioneer and Lascar corps. li, ' tr *;,n 

;;^0n the lOth <)f March, J800, the general, fQllowe3.by tl^is splendid 

retinue, and charged with rpagi^ificen^ E^^se^^ts to thjs king^loojt |^is 

,dfip^wrp fromColunabo. ^ , _, . , 

i, . iQi)ith0 l^Sth, the det^clknept reached Sittoyacca, fainous fi^r J^viflg 

.Tlte<5nt]^eJ5hfa&-§ of ^>yar between the ^tlve^ and. ibrmec Exxrcjpeau 

^i? powerf. 



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' ^AR IN CEYLON. 3 

powers, 33 well as tib^ spot genetalij chosen for their intenriews with 
ambassadots. It dlvkies the European from che Candian territory, bf 
a branch ' of the Mallidary river, which ruus in a serpentine streana 
along the bank's. . , 

The adigar was encamped on the opposite side, with several thou- 
sand Candians. On onr arrival, the general s^nt to acquaint hio) 
with his intention to pass the river the next morniqg; and shortly afler 
a message was retumed^^ sigpifying the adigar's entire approbation. 

On the 20th, the adigar came, in great state, by torch light, to pay . 
a visit of ceremony to the generaL The interview lasted a considei 
rable time, and the conversation was carried on standing. The Can- 
dian minister promised to send 500 of his people to assist in conveying 
our baggage j an engagement he afterwards forgot to comply with. 

The roads, or rather paths, during the whole of this journey, were 
extremely tiresome. The route which the Bi-itish were permitted . 
to take, was marked out by means of twigs, set up at proper distances, 
ful! of precipices and ravines, so difficult as almoet to impede our . 
march j and this ^^-as increased by constant rain^ occompinied with 
thiHlder and lightning. 

No intercourse was permitted, during the whole of the march, be- 
tween^e natives and our party 3 and such was the reserve ev^n of 
the attendants on our camp, that riot the leji^t. information could be 
Gained about the king, or his politics. 

On the 10th April the general arrived At, the place where his resi- 
dence ^"as" to be £xed during his embassy. 

It became now necessary to settle the ceremonies of introduction ; 
and here a difficulty arose of such magnitude, as threatened to defeat 
%e projected mter\'iew \nth his m^esty. 

'ttie Dutch ambassadors had submitted to be, introduced blindfold 
Wtb Aecapit^, and to prostrate themselves on entering the presence ; 
-arid IS? hating teen* intimated to the general, that his majesty would 
"ndf receive hrm standing, fie immediately answered, to the adigar^ 
that his sovereign did pot acknowledge the superiority of any potetf- 
"tate^otf cartb 5 and that sooner than degrade his master, by prostration, 
hb Wbul^ -return to Coktmbo without being presented. 

The king, averse to any d ffjrence with the English government, 
Ma>6senlei at length to wave his prerogative ; and, in order to reconcile 
*%! timstlf this dctoptha fronrhis dignity, desired his adigar to inform 
.<."i* -, ■ a 2 ' Ihf 



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4 ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 

the genersd^ that he would^ on this occasion, dispense with the usual 
ceremonies r^uired of iEUnbassadors, as his brother, 6ie King of £ng^ 
landi wis bf a po^irer and dignity & above the Butdi or the East 
India cempii^y*' 

Ti^ important object beiqg adjusted/ ^ the day being appointed 
for the audience, the adigar, with a numerous atfendanoe, bearing a 
multltade of torches, received the general on the banks of the ilvef, 
10 conduct him to the* presence. r . ^ ' 

The general was attended by his st^tf, Ae gentlenKen appointed fo 
the embassy, and a guard of honor^ conaiating €if an officer ind 
about fifty sepoys. The t)re9ents had previously been delivered 
over to the adigar . tliey consisted (among othef valuable things) of 
a^t$te eoach, drawn by sii^ horses i a betel dl$h> with oxbaments.of 
8e)j4 gpld> which had belonged to the latft Tippoo SuUaun, arid was 
valued at 800 sCar psgodas^ togcth^ with rosb Vater, a variety of 
fin^ toudias, &c. 

^Ihe road te the palace was up a sleep hill, with narh»w crooked 
p^ihf) . The papital was surrounded with thick hec^es of 'thom> and 
ia.'spnie places with'Oe additicm 'of a tampact and breast-^pfk, 
fontiii^ howeveri a very tiding barrier to the ^ppcBtA of a i^gular 
army. : ' ' 

' The ^owd of native! who early gathered round the procession, to- 
gQtbf^ Vith the glare of !Ae torches, tnade k indpbssiUe to take an;^^ 
accurate view of the city. . The street through which they passed U> 
ihe.paiaoe waa^longandbroafl^ at iheextrefnity of whtdi. stood ^c 
p^^pe^ surr][^nded by an high. waH and gardens; . ' 

Having ascended a flight of stone steps, and passed through virrious 
a|itH!Qoa{i9 and' oourtsi filled with guards, th^ at length reached tiic 
a|4ieaqe*cbamber, which th^ entered. . < ' 

, ller^ they found th6'kiQg> seated on his. throim, aurtounded by'hift 
n}i|:ii#t€9s aff4 <^rtiers, totoe Rostrate, and ttthers^ting cr6f»^legged;' 

«.T}i9.geqeral wa* cOndiacted hjr-.the^adigatTlb Ihrf iop «tep* otfnhe- 
phtfbrm^eading t<^.th€f t!)rQnei ^d..fMlhtttUck . ceremony prsdent^.' ^ 

:Tfh04ciflg i^ a,y9Ufig ll(Un;^\5eisy black*. .wid^d %htbflard*:.:iH©'^s 
dte«i^irviV^y,fiiift^UlBmi^Hnr<.!^ntJkiii4eff^ fittBd:<ioie ^ 

tQii^ J»3ew!jt,i witi>,s^vl?ijal;fo}da drawujrba^ '&»^hig^' 

itfim th^pcQ «^;*«i[qprp#t j: b^s-attufe *fcrr batairqpi.thB*elb6w^'dbwar*i 
wards. On his fingers he wore a number of very broad ringSf,iwtTwith'i 

riiil'u^^i* t' i'r': :' ^* :^-" i^^'-t'^ :■>;"' ^---'^':^ a ^ipreefobs 



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* 



War IN CEYLON. ';'• \ s 

^l&^onB stones of different sorts, and a number of gold c)sain$ wer«. 
suspended round hih neck, oVer a large ruff. On his head he wore 
a toiban of muslin, spangled with gold, and siuinount^ by »crowti 
ii good ) a dBtiDction pecnliar to this potentate^, as' all other Astatlp 
princes are ocdoded, by their religion, from weanng tliig ornament. 
His nraist was encircled with a tich sash, from' wfiicii a short da^er 
was suspended, the handle richly ornamented, and the scabbanP 
fiJtagree. \ ' 

A tedieius oontrer^on took place by hieans of an interpreter ; the ' 
queitions of i» majesty, and the replies of the general, passing Uu-bug^ 
the tncdium of .fiie different persons, ' ^ 

During the atidienoe, h)s&<water was icitfiered abopt from cnriou^ly* 
wrought vessels^of gold, and perfom^ handed on salrers of gbld^ hn^ 
the excess! w beat of the room was almost insupportable. 

At the second audience, the general introduced the business of his' 
embassy; what these objects were have never transpired) but one 
drcuinstance is ccirtain, which we will relate. It was a request ftotik 
our gDvemmenit, that the king of Candy would permit a road to be 
opened thnmg^ kts t^tbries, to give a free conununication betieeen 
Trincomalie and Columbo. 

Tothjs piopositioo the king would not, by any means, listen i but 
expressed bis bedded aversion to aay hitescoorse, or ^onoeotioA; 
existing bet^f^ftto hta subfopts and tbe £aropeana, 

Atifae nett audienos the generid was to tsike leave, having pr^vi- ' 
omly had several private confisreflces wttb the Adigar on political 
subj^dts. ' 

When the gesKial took leate, the king plioed a gold duto about • 
his neck, and presented him wic^ a sword, an embraddTBd belt and 
scabhatd $ be also gave hiiti a ring, iet with variobs preci)9us stones, 
add;8&^lephaQt ^igh£ {iresents vrG» distdbated among th« effi^rs 5 
and ok' tl)e second df Msf, after a rendtfnoe ^ twehty-one days -at 
Cao6y;..te.^mbassf took their ^bparture fbrCohttnbo. 

.We tdannbt TchttiiTeJ to pronounce an opinSeii on the resolt of this 
PspfiDsbnandlo^soknrtixpeilitioa, having nothing moi^e thaoe^O}^^ 
tiM tmJlci upon rbut thelefiect, at t^ask', enabled us to fons6i^ that * 
a good: uoderstaoding waS' not Ukefy long to exist befwee^ tb6' ftvo* 
gdncfnnreats. ' 1 . * j' J ' 

Tbf^ r^gning monarch was placed upon tha throne by the adigar, 

a 3 Pelime 



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Sp ASIATIC ANNUAL BJEGl9t£R, 1804. 



Pelim6 Tajayo^, a man of consummate abilitifs, and admirably calcti- 
iated for \^e purposes of political intrigue. He regulated tlie whole 
conducf of i;he state, but having formed ambitious views, which the 
cntic^rarrival of the English at Ceylon prevented his accomplishing, 
he naturally viewed our government with enmity and disgust. Like ^ 
true courti^, however, h^ has always professed the greatest friend- 
ship towards us 5 t|Ut as an alliance with the king wo\i\d totally 
defeat the future iccomplishmetit of biff ambitious designs, it was 
expected he would, privately, use every effort to prevent the connec- 
tion : and it is to his artiiices alone, that the disastrous war, still 
raging in Ceylon, has been ascribecl, by our government, to owe its 
lamented origin. , • 

In the month of Jun[c,. 1 8(Xi, intelligence', of a nat^e calcu- 
lated to excite the suspicion, and awaken the vigilance of oiir go* 
vernraent, was received at Col umbo, which accurately described the 
manoeuvres secretly plotting at the court' of Candy -, ' where eV^ery 
possible preparation for war, both offensive and defensivife, was teirr)'- 
ing*on,' T^ith such a regard to privacy, that every person detected ia 
even speaking on the subject, was to lose his tongue. 

All the villages' were laid under contribution, in proportion as they 
were populous, and orderecj to send their quota of men to certain 
places of rendezvousj to be put under the command of proper officers, 
and trained in archery. 

Each nian ^^'as ordered to provide himself with six bows, j>nd a 
proportionate number of arrows. The country was divided into eight 
'districts, each distinguished by its numbers ; number eight being th^ 
central post, from ^vhiclj all orders wer^ issued to the e:]^terior 
divisions. 

It shortly after appeared, th^t the whole of the Candian frontiers 
Vere lined with troops, bearing fire-arms and bows and arrows -, that 
" from all the high-roads leading into then: couritjry, they bad made defiles 
to ilv^ r'<rht and left^ cliignnnlly, so ^s to flank any troops tl^at'^iijhj 
approach them, and tad contrived pits covered with blinds j the^ whole 
calculated pither to annoy ^n enemy, or cbver tljeh: own retreati- as 
circumstances might reqiUre j and that they were busily eiigagpd in 
the noanuYacture 6f powder and ball. 

Having brought all tJiese precautions to a state of maturity-, their 

next step was to |:om;nenc^ offen^rvc bpetj^tjons/ and before the 

* * ^ ■ conclusion 



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» f ' 3 »T .: 



iKi*a]».cian»N^. /- .y. 



coodo^CPi cf dMi maAth of Jottt:, did, 4cmi^ c^amii jyo^liiMM 
.iigaiA^ btft Britaxii>ic nttjesty's sul^joolt at PiMfamo^ b)r seizing Vertfira 
.bullocks aod buflidaef, aeot k^ the iperabanti there, to Mom witlt 
areka DUts, &q. } ^and to this imelltgenca was added) that their diffe- 
^test diTUioos cocku^ed of eight or niM thoasaikkt man, aaoh re^ify 
to aniat the olheii. 

,, These de{»ed(9ioa% b^vmg Leim fucceed^ by othars, «o an akm- 

Jag exteiU, it becdtue nccesaary to substantiate die tnMh ^ thcae 

. tariont jtetafti ; lor whi^h purpoie^ on the Ifik^ei AopistfelloWing, 

Mr. Boyd, tiiao fice-pies&diintQf thehoard of »ev0im# at Colcuphe, 

;,vas dcpitod bf his eaeelleDGy the governor, t^ go lo F^lahMgi to 

verify, u|Mi otf&, ^ sereral eomfdaints tfial had beaa made, and to 

;be wy pattiaUaE in his endeavoora-todlseecnr wbMher the outcaget 

slal^ Wfft the tsKm of waotodttea^ on the pert ol the Caadbn«, 

ca whether d^.sKrfferera had not, by oen^ing on a contmb^ trade, 

provoked the seizure of their edicts. 

in obadieoce to thtf order, Mr. Boyd weat immediately to Potehng, 
994410 the 24th of the^ $ame monthmade theibliowing oAdal report, 
to be kiid belbre the governor at Cokmbo. 
.*' lu the months of Mareh and April last, akimnber of fH|tivds 
- luciog onder the British government in and ahoitt Pate}a«g> set 0^ 
in two divlsiooe, with'a number of cattle, laden with wibus artk^ 
of merchandize, naandj, aek, salt-fish, doth, tctecco, and copper 
-laoo^, intending to dispose of them in the Candian country, in ex^ 
chaofe for areka nuts. 

*' The largest division, M{bich 1 shall ce)l No. 1, coMisted of 4€ 

^efsoBSy eactualve pf coolie«> and 272 head of gattle, ladeo with 

artidesof tra0c; aod ^ sauUerdirisloB, which mey be called N^3> 

7 «QQsiBied of 16 peaseas, aad 130 head of cattle, ladea inlikemAimer% 

< '* Nodoabt cap beten^ertained, but that the oommeroeirito wl^ich 

i(he jf9Pgh eutw^r was universally dqemed legal, and that they had 

* ipQgb0eaaGf£uetoD(ie4^<:an'yiton; and, on|;hataf:co«;tn.tj the i^idjoir* 

|fne> iwhicb 4iey ipet. wi|h, ifi the pcosecutioa of it|, ^anqa^ be 

^ eeo^uuledfbr Q»tf>o^gi?o^ndsof C9f>tv9haad 

' *' Whether the Puielanders. were gijul^ of any i^egi,^aritj in tbfc 

Candian country, which could serve,, as a pretext (pr.thje.ij^age t^iey 

:'.*iet,;wUbi i e^ni)otp9Mtfrely wer^j— Jloye^c^ 

^MUhMf^ BRJ ^iJB^ ujrfort^t^ly f9y,ibepi,,,ii wiJJ >|jpe^, by a 

, ;. ^ ^ a 4 perusal 



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.»^ ASIATIC A^tlg^m^ WOi|p#R, 1804. 

{»«iKal of ihirepcioiod fxpcn, tlist after tbcj iiad cDnq^ltted tli9 
ofcjopt tbi^h^d m riew in tbe C^odMo ^0110079 and were od their 
feiumlMDMi vkb aneka^HttUy #iitdi tkpytM procured fiur tbe ar- 
. ticl^s the/ liad carried from Putelang^ they werp sUnpjp^, barasiedb^^ 
^^gy ^flnaUy/the whole of tb^ar^ouU confiscated, andtakfiii ^^ 
fQi|atkem> ^d Wbidi a spedfie aceooiit aBoeoM^ ^ 

herewith tranaoistted, will •hAV;)f»^.39A4tol|B(|iia|9rtakttihm 
din^ioD No. 1 , aod 63 ammoiwog ftona divif ion No. 2. 
• 4;V ,| daie 1^7, bis QX^c^Uei^^ on nmfit^^im fmth^^pBjyisri, 'wfil 
coficUide M I do!, ^t th<^ m9kig (d the atsak^arau.aooktfilKvia 
cop^YicpQe;^ Iho! o^fd0f$ of thil peMtt $«ik4Ja(tho jdefnMoMa.^ 
Pej^ai|t)a#gar D^moe. df j ih^iiM^ Cei^i^(i^4Ml Ii<Blx<ta9 lesvtt to 
. a4i}tt99 thU pQi9$»,I hfi¥^Midf9)bld(^ 
^tr^i4iiar i^ Ca947^ ^Ml lioirm 

stsince^ which makes the seizure ^ tho^p^sl^liu^Kki^^qtifletioii/atill 
mqit^ dtfl^t t9 f(;coupt;iQr> ^hich ifb. th^ ihfi:S«l4iAi^Ttfaeaffi«^ * 
cp9fiJiiyjp> i9» hem^^»^,!.r!>:hrii%d^wi:|.t)^pro4)¥^^ 
natneljt areka nuts, jaggher, «d4 n<:^ t^ ^.m^ba^g^i bei^ i|t 
Puftt^Uqg^ ^fiaif^ealt^fish. ,floth» ^» avd^ttofcth^Beie no^ividtfaiti ^ 
ii^,y49Wj{ J division of aboyt fQf^9m9^^^qPk&9iG&adimpnatrf, ^ 
ao^^ hea4 ^ cattt^ p^»B«9hl)r o^ei^od 19 tjuin ti^sifip. This cii*i : 
fcuifi^aim wilValsp »(ind tp.ahewi* h<»r ^myiD.wffiidi'bfetemalDe 
i<(E9:^4sal% £y the iiu^^y Wftat^ ^ 4)e Attlaodm^ wf wtfiG fidtish 
go^^];iil|»Dt so disposed \ a measure wbich.I.dP.O0t Wish, ho«ie«ei^ ; 
ioh|^:ip^tP0d.as,givii;«n^Qpini(9uppaM** .1. ? " <^ 

'l^^u^tsheiiigtbuAiifaablisbp^^'hiBeiEcell^^ i; 

n m^jp9ap^tp»4MW ^t the ti^g of Cto^)^ otLteontrages oomoiittd >'^ 
hy J4a^tjgiaptfc im(ijy]^^ iMitittieitfiOthehatfflf^ieaafiBntt^ Ibta^ ^. 
0io^fi|l^tfi9P9f)4^ hfyweireri.: prodliQed .isriir ^«layf;«f^thesmt ^^ 

I|B^:^irfhe^^<mRlllim^ «*iwiflMlit 4"^ piwjertioftrefiiKiiw-* ^ 
ill 4^ Cfindj^ ippJistiqfc 1^ lOK^fUeocif i4irntt«ct)tfa<t.' pnbiteioal.«r^: f 



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By sis ixcellaicy^ lie jrovernor. in cotfncU, Freierk)t JVortbt, ■ isfc. C<h 
^ .^Z^, /agJ<^WcM^jiJ*P^>jWi #eml^^^ British. iraoff. 

by rnwpinH o^iirtiMlt£j|ri^«xWt Mtist^i"^ €lie king bf Gi^t Britain 
and kdabc^j^eciatuhie4tb6^«buikdm> ^)f ili»|]k>s8e$9Um4vix:PCeybn. ' 

^(BmtipaiecmXiPdtttxMu^ and to weaken the * 

at(aciKiBat»dlklbtlte=&Mbk^Ube»randbV^f^^ btit/ 

w^bavecb^dupalwa^ 4ei^ibfe 'of ^le fk^iitty of sudi ^tempYs, we ' 
wxitaMaainept^if^hli&k^^l^^ indiu^e the coort of CandyV wiA- 
o\itimfiikit3Kk^t^&^^^^^di^'fiirY,''X6 *tt]fhqu!sh ^ condugct k> dtVectly ~~ 
confrvy'tDigi^od fatth lindlgorxT neigbbdurkkxli We; ttiereibns^ 
togk.iiojipiice of 4il6'itltfbf^#^a9ohs wlilcli ^e liad to oomplaui/'sni ' 
nnifam|y:pewttK J' itf JArflritId am! firi^mflf behaviour, takfog eVer/ ' - 
opptrtuoit^ o£^^pnfb^ m<^ Ii6rmii of ^^mity and aUiance te migl^ "^ 
seGiiieiobDtkiDatkairtlkevfi^ ^cl^nt^es which -tftey can r^sp^etiti^ 
cieii»eMio.ii]e.|MKn41^i^^ Every* ^ 

propoMiioD d( a^JimUar iMidiii tias either Been, rejected tdlh disdain ^ 
by the omrt of Candy> or ^mW^cA •byicduiit^ propotab^ so^abMiiilf ' 
in 4^prQ|ep«Qii8) aardMtf iN-oved tUe ihleBtion of that cofakii0 
vfdiAfU^alabl^^mmoaMe afigm^tikB;,S€^,' h6wtv€r, we cooti* 
ouotUi tfaeisfltne jfjfeloA ^ kiodtte^ ;atid^ ioMgence towards thai 
poweft«i4dt9 mUj^ilsb^ i9ilMD/.itMtteinoatti)iOf MaidiaridApnl]a8t> 
an <a|iiii:wl4tf loqteqco oMMoHtori-iigtiitidrtbe idhabtoato df^heaejd^ 
tlemenU obligBdcaiBtfyispiuplalttP oti^ (debatid latisfactio^. Certiio ^ 
mrrjuhiirninf Fnmfimi irhrt hnrtj nhtfrr fftrfiiith nftrrity, puitte^' 
ata'ibiraiariMtetiM^Chiidi9ni>coiQntt7^ H^lfiftasd betel ttoti ia tbil 
qoantiey of 29:^ ammanans^ wer» deprived of ittbreiWy by A persei 
in aotbon'ty under the Caodian goyemment, at Cacknackoly. Al<* 
though 90 flj^prant ao oatr^ enlHSed tit to niake reprisals oo the pro- 
f^/fs^ 9u4>ie^t3 oCjU^e king of Can4y witbia our government^ we 
' ^ ^ 1 -J- abstained 



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.30 ASrATIC/ANXIOLlXBWSUn'ER, 1S04. 

. abstained from aoy socb measure, and we eve^ delayed cnaking any 
remonstrances, till, after a serious and minute investigation of the 
case, we were sure that the fact alleged w^s true, and tliat the Puta- 
tom merchants had not brought it on by any in>proper bebaviouj?,,.^>r 
disrespect to the laws of Gandy, or persons in authority there.. We 
then, widiout ordering reprisals, fdrwarded a remonstrance to tlie 
Candian government. To this remonstrance, .stating the case as • it 
happened, an answer was returned early in October, acknowledging 
(he truth of oar statement, and the justice of our a>mplaiiit, and pro- 
miMng restoration immediately of the bet^ nut which- had been seized 
io the persons to whom it belonged. . Although we had a dear and p6- 
sitive right to insist on the delitery of the said areka, or betel nut, to 
the injured pflcrties at Putatom, at dxeexpence of die King of Candy ; 
we, for t&e sake of peace, waved that right ; apd the PutatoniAier- 
> dhants returned to Cacknackdy. At that place tfa^ remaii^ thirty- 
^ve days without aatis&ctton, and weee at length soiit away with a 

• declaration, that if die season proved fiivourable, and tbey woul4 1^- 
tiim in January, they would receive a q^iantity of areka nut eq^ia) to 
tthat of which tliey were deprived. We received, at the san^e tioie, 
'a letter from the court, iQ date 14th N^vember^ informing us (be 
anefca nut in question had been Mold ; but that an equal quantity would 
be given to the merchants in the course of one or two months ; to 
this proposal, however reluctantly, w« acquiesced; and, ibr the more 
regular' perFohnance df f he artides agreed upon, we sent a natrv© 
head-meh of rank to Cacknackoly, as our commissioner. On the 
14th January, being the expiration of the stipulated time to receive 
the areka nut from the agents of the court of Candy, it was not, how- 
ever, deTtvered to him ; and the first adigar informed us, tliat a aufl^ 
cieht quantity wouki not be rea4y ^^ *^^ months. To this >w^ an- 
swered, that the time for its delivery had been fixed by themsehrea, 
and that we therefore insisted that the value of it should be inttne4ialely 
paid in nKMie^r, at the moderate rate of ten rix-dollars per ammpnan. 
-This^coiSeilidtory propose has, on the 24th January, been refuspd by 
the drsf: adigar ef Candy, and another attempt made to delay U>e ne- 
cftssmy reparatibn of the outrage committed on our people, until the 
imm for active prepatatioti in the fiield shall be passed. In the m^an 

.'^BkOf prep^iratioQs and assemblies of a menacing appearance have been 
loiml^^a-^io^ places on the Candia)! froi|Kic^^ and, acts of a^p^rpot 

. ^ '- hostiJity, 



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iibstUity> which the nmistiy of Candj bas sbt 4cnq>1ed'to «fow^ oo 
pretences whollj unfounded. •. 

Uoder these circoiDstaiices of aggravated io^ury and ii^uk^ i»re-liafie 
delemuDed to send otir troops into the CsndLan tarrUorief , to ^nfipnjp 
our ji^ ckuma to full indemnification for ibe expense to which otir 
ipovermnent had been put by the iniquity of the conrtof €m4;f^*mfi 
to exact suffictedt eecuHlf agiimt the repetifivR of siwW ^aatiags. 
In this view ve have fiabtmtled to his Candi^n na^je^y aHidfSof 
aocommodation^ so moderate in their object, and bo beoeficia) in liMir 
principles^ that we trust he will immediately agree to them^ af WcQ 
ler the security of his own person and dignity/ as for the tr^nqdiUity 
aad the happiness of his subjects. In the ip^an time wq haiie give» 
stiriet drd^s to observe the most exact di^plin^^ by the British troo||8 
in the Gandian territori^) that the teipples, priests^ and religmi of th|d 
ihh^ttfita be leq^cted j tbat all seniles which Jiaay be iumitdved 
tsuLf be regulmly paid for; and that no disorders besu^^sced. And^% 
exhort all chose who inhabit the countries thiou^ which our aomoi 
naay pass^ to adbrd them every assistance> to remain peaceabiy in^their 
houses* to continne their ordinary occupation without fear or appm- 
hensiOD, and to submit thamsdves quietly to the authority ofom-eom* 
manders, who h^e our espressdlrectjcm to protect them firoiu.iiipny- 
gnd of^ression. . . ^ 

3y his ejccelleqcy's commpnd^ . i 

(Signed) ROBERT AHBlJTIiNOT, 

Chitf Secretary to GovcmmeuU 



His excellency, governor North, having thus lueflTectuany att»»pie4 
coficihatory measures, felt himself called upon tb adept siwk as 
] a^p^ed calculated to counteract the designs of the Oandians. 

With this view preparations v>*eTe immediatdy set on foot, for otA- 
Jectiilg a sokabie force to march into the Candian ^rritory. 

6ni iht 31st of Ja^ary, l803i getietal McDctwal left Gohimh6 
w/tb tiie JTollowing detachment under his oocami^ : 500 of the 5 1st 
xegiment, two companies of 19th regiriaent, gteriadier company of 
55U1 regiment, col* Ranisay's native regtmeat, lOD nwJays,^^tht 
detachment of Bengal and Madras artillery, and a proportionate nuhi* 
hjei^of iasears and pidneen, fimnbg in the whode^tfi arosy ci" ^bout 
t;^ men. On 



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a ASIATIC ANNUAL REOISTER. 1804. 

6n the id of Febnwiy col. Btrbut marched ftdm Triacomal^e^ no- 
cfor^ling to a concerted plan of operatious, bav^g with bini^0OpiclLe4 
men, of the igth r^iment^ 6W of the malay pegiment^^ company of 
artillery and pioneers^ witli six ten-pounders, and two boveitzfra. 
After encountering various difficulties^ and driving before the« ^-iarge^ 
bodies of the enemy, who attempted to oppose their progress,, the two 
divisions of our army met, on the 20th of February^ at Candy, Thk 
plan 6f operations was so well arranged, and so ably executed, 
^atboth parties arrived at their rendezvopa within* an Ivomr of^eadi 
• other. ! . . ; r ' 

. 'j^bout tjirce o'clock on the preceding eveainjr as, cojonel Barbut's 
detachment approached the great Candian. river, his^mvcb was oppo^ 
sed by a large body of theenemyls troops, collected »on the oppo^t« 
banks, the adj oi n ing hills, and . tlie viMagps of Wallapoola. They kept 
tip a vev)' brisk fire for some, time on our party^ but- witliout e^ti 
when, having brought two mortars and a six^under to (.bear upon 
them, in different directions, tliey retired, leaving the par^ at liberty ; 
fo cross the river, which they did on the morning following, and look 
post in the village of Wallapoola. . : * . 

On the morning of the same day an advanced pyty froa^ ^neral 
Mc Dowal's detachment, under the conimand of lieutenant^colonel 
Legars, of the 4 1 5t regiment^ attacked axid carried the two stzxu^ posts . 
of Galle Gedorah, and Giriagumme, At the first no resistance was . 
made, and the party found three very curious brass cannons^ which, the . 
enemy, in the hurry of flighty had abandoned. At the latter post^ ho>f- 
ever, the advanced party, composed of the grenadier company of ; the 
19th, commanded by capt. Honner, vere received by a heavy fire fironj. , 
4he enemy, which was kept up without intemiissiaqi, until the ^ssail^ 1 
ants entered- the battery.' -v .. 

Our loss, on this occasion, was one serjeantaMd one private of. fyc . 
19th segiment severely wounded, llie loss oa the part pf the.<enea^ • ^ 
must have been trifling; although, such was tbesteepneu o£tbej>atbat . 
ha^ thp Qaodians maintained^ their position :with a|iy deg^rce of firmujtc^ * 
or^courage^ the assault nmst have cost us dpar... ,. . . v v 

As. sfiou as theJBrit^;ipptt>Bched the c^Ul ofCandy^ tlie,ku>g Aed, . 
asdid^)e fifst adigar^jind.tbe troops under iiis comouusd difs^ersodii^ 
all^Lif^^ns. They had, previously, set lire to, the palace ^od.t^e.^ 
te^p^s, Imt our arrival in the city was so immediate^ that our troops 
toon succeeded in extinguishing the flames. The 



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, . WAE IN CEYLOW. - ^^ ;. ip- 

Tbe king had lemoved. all bU treasare, and, the »r;hahi»ant« h^j^, 
stroyed almost eveiy liuijg of ralue^ which they were unable to canj 
away with them. A few days afber this events tbe enemy appeared io 
V^ considerable ferce pear Candy. They were> however^ soon dis- 
persed, with little loss on ouf side, but with a dreadful slaughter. on t^e 
partof the Candians. 

Thns £Bar, the most tinlimited success seems to have crowned oo{; 
operatioas ; and dispatches having arrived at Columboj detailing the 
erents which had lately taken place/ his excellency t)ie goyeipor. 
was pleased to publish a general order, in which he ccpgratulated j^enJ, 
McDowal on the speedy and successful issue of the important mission 
comoutted to his claxge, which bis excellency attributes solely to tbf 
eneigy, activity, and jut^ment displayed by the general, and the excel - 
totcEsctptlne and spirit maintained by his army. It concludes with 
his excellaic/s particulaf t^nlu to ccdonel Baillie> lieutenant-colonel 
Barbitt, ind all the olGc^ under his connmand, and expressions ofv 
hi^approbat^^on the good Conduct and discipline of the non-com^ 
misiioaed ofiScsets 'azrd private^ on the occasion. 

"niecomitry round the city of Candy is described as beii^ the most 
beautiful and fertile in nature ; mountains cultivated to their summits, 
intersptfsed with Vill^^es, ri\nilets, and cattle -, fruitful valUes, with^ 
groves of ar^d jacca, cocoa nuts, limes^ oranges, plantain, and 
pomplemose trees, with fine villages and fields of paddy and other' 
grain, the fetter well watered by stteams from the mountains 5 the 
wliole combining io form a scene singularly picturesque. 

The palace is an immense pile of buil(&ig. The town, about 
tvtw miles in length, icbnsistmg only of one broad street, term!-, 
nated by' the palace } there are lesser struts branching from, it, 
but of no great length, l^e bbuses are mostly of mud, and raised. 
00 steps about five feet above the level of the earth, llie jpalace 
is built of a kind of Cheenara, or cement, perfectly white, ^ifix 
stw^^^teways; It is a square of immense extent, one-fourth oi^' 
which is tiot yet completed; lix Ae centre is a Wall square fii;\ 
dbfttfe, fehmng the teiiietety of the kiiip of Candy. Th^palii« ' 
contains a great number c^ rooms, tbe Walls of which ebntahi'a 
mulB^iid^ t>f ihscHp^ions,^na ate piiintcd with the mo«t grotesque 
fibres. "Miiy^ of the walls are covered With Ibmense piir jtl»i^.'; 
Jif'meiboih ii a gJgaritic l^ss figure of Buddha', in a sitting pbstxxt^i.r 



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1*^ ASIATIC ASUrtfAt ftkdteTfeR, 1804, 

y/Mt fi^^tiMttooe^kilihi^. The rivir of Candy h a vei^ hbbfe 
cAfe/iwtanlngwIth 'fish/Xrhkh the kirig nev6r penttirted tobedis^ 
tlirbiBdl' ^ ' ' ' ' *■ 

While the main army ^^ engaged at the capital, incursioris w«re- 
dwdebff dtiferctft parts 6f our settlements by (he enemy. Our tiDbps^ 
however, undismayed by numbers, constantly attacked them, and 'as' 
cbtiMkitiy Jr6ved viclorioos. 

Wi shaH select the followteg galktlt exjflblt, ^ descrlptire of tlie 
spiAt ^kh animated oiir little brmy'ln all ti>e difflcuUies they had t6' 
oontind'with. On the 2081 March, captain flfeaver, of the igth regl- 
zhen^ was ordered on detachment, ^fh a party composed of serjeant' 
Fairly and ^ve privates of his majesty'lf 65th regiment, one howitzer, 
and eight sepoys. ' ' 

HSi\'ing received information on his route o( a wry strong batterjr, 
cUled Rathmalgalle, at the village of Walgam Porte, hi the three' 
CorleiB, and the same being, as he gallantly expresses himnelf, " witliin 
a reasonable distance/* he determined to attack it. 

The battery was of great perpendicular lieightj and tlic ascef.t, con- 
sequently, diflScult in the extreme. The enemy, at the approach of 
dur party, commenced a very brisk fire j but, such wad the daring 
I^T^^erance of this intrepid handful ofTnen, they were in the battery 
in less* than tea minutes. The enemy escaped into the wood. Tho 
work w&s constructed on the ^fde of a woody mountain, about forty 
ytWls 'in length, commanding ar ravine (the only approach to it). It 
had twelve embrasures. 

Mating destroyed the fort, this brave party proceeded to their de«- 
tihation aft AttegaUe. 

* After a residence of abont a month at Columbo, the gene^l, and 
s^Vtetat of hi^ ofBcers, w^e so severely attacked by tlie jungle fever, 
m to eompd their rettini to Columbo. In the interim, however, tlie 
^enblfah With ahope of restoring peace, succeeded m prevailing witli 
tbfc king to 3piX)int'an irtterview> but, when the tinid arrived, his 
-majbity pleaded hidi*«position, land the meeting c^d riot take place. It 
is pfobafble tbat the cddrt of Candy calculated on the climate soon 
j;i&d2ng them of anr enemy their united forces were unaWc'to exp^V, 
attd awaited the issue. ' , * 

"WTien the general Ifeft Candy he took with Jiim the 5l8t regiment, 
which was in a very sickly state, as also colonel Ramsey^s native regi- 
^ ' ' ment. 



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tktt iffgiaining trodpi, co1g|ic1 DubMl' wis s^poiniad Gommaiidaiitafi 

lEarioui precaoiiaew^^DfmiV^fisr'^bff prafeiraUoikgC.omv^iiew^cM^'. 
qoests. On the TiiiKnnudfeskkjaboiit fifteen miIte£roca the ca^i^ 
hraiMd-«ibct.to^«f90l#dU iiBtliad Act McOowal, cciioi Dohh 
b«^ia,iii tfa»«iQinMdi«ie way batwasenOAody aadOiDluinbGr, another* 
pOiii«itfl6t«Mi«tiedf 3te96m^8-ireie4>f«on8idttaldesd:en^ front 
tfaeir poiilioih^SanrmmQd by Europeans and nctivefl^atid veil cakoktcd 
to-fpdoMrfr^i^tQmMiDiitkii with our firiQcipal wi^lemenu. 

In the na^aa tiflie \m excellency governor Noith, so far from taking: 
advantage of tfae^aooeesflffovktonea ackie^pcdl^y ouf foroas^ appeara to 
have tised every pcttticafate method to concert a permanenl'peatx^ wUb 
ihakltog of Caodf, -^Btcit ^a Oeyiodese majesty was little dwposed^ at 
that lime, to measurdt ofcdociliiitiott^ 

TtiKhCandtan pnncerliad -been some tune at Cokimbo> vhldibri 
tbejihad^Dwn^to'fdngeonderitheBritMh protectitti> liotfipIaadfAg^' 
ptt t cnskai s ao thh^iMiTii* Bm, akhouigh the pi o tedHtn tbisy ■ googht 
w ttu fta rded^ttei^ and tfaeii iktiatton meliareted'bj^pectrtMT'^^*^ 
fiMi gdverameat, affltfae^oveffinr* had never hUbtr^^Ap^peMt-iMf 
eoaatenance iMr cMms.-or to kitet^a wttb the Ca»difti^ {iiSlfei; 
Bat at leng^, indoeed hy the h<Mttte dispaiMoii of thia^H^e^^oteg'^toa^ 
narcb^ and anxious to establish a treaty of peace and atillty> M^'^ace!^ 
Jaocy ^^k^ttd. the policy of plaoita^ ctid of diieie\>llhc^'<ia^th(»'vic«nt 
thnme. A trace \yas d^ condud^ wife tfce fUflu tt f ^MflgC - 
. :<hztfacr m of May^fbtionrhig, thegoirerhor, atteiriedbyhfe dBi(fe«ndi 
fKort^ went to DahdiadiBia, the tAWf of tie neiAf*Uxi i»rt4 pi^ 
▼iticea totfae ur^n Codas. Spadcnis ttiu^aloes vtetH eir«ctod ioa AH^ 
mcvpt^l and on fair afrtrol, hto exceltenty Wa a iwi at r^ ^dpei-^i»*|lt^ 
tl^lkadnien of thedifereot-dfatricts/ii^i •irtt<a»4^ 
d^lavad'th^ enUre satSsfaedoa at tftetfmi^ of^g J t CrtWi w a >h < t^ »i d ' 
lakeiyjilac^, add prombibg fidelity add olaieifetKe' to the afftWti «l» 
England. -Vn^ cb ryi i ^aftoTPe!etnfl^Arifii<r,*^6 chtef ^gar oPgiiiaiy 
taking advantage of the truce subsisting between his floastor aad^dnff* 
g <iv » uim e nt ;t>aidtm pesp>wts to the'gbVefiy>r; and-heHa^loi^Wi*- 

This 



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16 ASIATIC ANNUAL RBQIfTER. 1804. 



Thb liiit of Pfflnanny wurtawMJ tto ait diy by Mr, Sdcrat^y 
Atbddnoc, wfam tb< aftiim o< tht gQwuriiMnt ctf tli> coootty m»d 

nstm Uft HtUiliMi «i4 power at «oiirt 

Baay dA^; owr omwkj >». i iiao n » fmmiUL murt i but tke 
ciimate^ tlMt drtfJ i uaa J iMnii^lo 4dl fioMpMtt tiWilitHiiaaij wsm 
^fmyiM&f to aiMt ifao Gnd'tMii. Coloiid .Bocbut^ tbe 
tat Gtedy* trat oUifMk lo iMioiiakk kk cofDmiindj by 
9ev«M aiftiwu aaWM M^BUir^ and t«vai|l «|boi; oficen. llie 
calonei wdmaiat^ Aofliii^afte.«ime.iatiim. l^Cpli^ diad, tbe 
victinMi of tba jiiagM««aF- : . i ^ ., « « 

niift (liieiQa U at ipaa<»Hjsp iNwrB lai ir> ; god m ftl9l ui il> rffai»i a* 
tobiffle. the power of tbe ooost active modiciue; ai{9« aMrmry, so 
6r from ttpppicigito p a i gyc o j bai» in faoyt iart Bw a a n^ .aacrieqiMiJL its 
^tdtecmiaatioft. ^ i • / 

On the ayitb> Ganoitl M'Oowai» Mi« inaoiio diwia rnHofod to 
bealtb* nDtarnad to Caody^ prmeipaHyiWitli ^ rmi^ oMmprinf 1^ 
pfociao aa interview witb tbe lata fciOf, I4 tbi< o» |ia c(irt ( p i^ boy* 
em«bawaidias^»poiiited; but tbe adigar kMad||)^ficrfimtd biii^ 
badwtoltdlo.ltielatarertaof ^jie.Kl^N'a «nLtbo.gime9li4iflP&ti^f 
bi^tke^iNNilbsiioiiaof tbia artial aaiaiiiar* *'^**'**^^^ aawai fifi^ Calianbg'_ 
tdnvwiibbiailbo pfieecufod mm<i(li^ ^g^WR^ ikm^^ifhmg 
vUbt thu^ JMPlM^var, atKl.leaviiig. om^ Jhm oi tbo Alalay €oqM m 
^fMntad if tht firildL irith riOT of \bt Ifflb r^jtifitf _ dOOMafaivi. 
ao^amoartiUefy. 

Wf bopoiiwflr iR,jraf9w4 .an tytpf*- wtM^iwr frivr«fcriOT #f tite 
jaalooa aod yi<^tf y |i y i| y lia fff to <i>f .tfao ftipdtfwn^ IM» weU^t)iem)p^ 
l i »» qi iof tfcoif wara w^ith.tba I)]^tclv.wo«ad|«fl^ea4»Jww 1«4^ ^ 

iQOil Otl0riou% aa4i dol)^V9lf jri^ Af t^Ma oi^ltf ^^ been 
«iricMadadaaaiibodAaQciaatba. official acoountaof kxautan obbou&on. 

tu ai ^Mii^ iitiiHffifftf ^ fbamhflAp affttir i aotbit our laaleri isav b* 
«»blodtoja4f%^B9P»yM|Kd4^ fiir the fp^^Aro* 

ladaufi^ fi9«l ^nr owa koow)adga of niyor Danei's tried abilities 
' ., ' and. 



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iWt i ^i w tt ' iKlft fff^AmM tMA jii wpil i iiw a— h»iotihiinpMgdlice^ 
-.TWwl(tlM.<oii>»1krft!ii^i>iiiifiiriiiiM afcnJDiiU "i* ^<iw ./r.aitJcanA 

tbe Malays and gun laacan li iil imnnil ■■ liii||ii [iiioiiii iiliaiiii— if 
4mr«rT«ad«f{«f doyi^ anA-lMi wiwmii iiiiwiwwl fayTdMan^aByent 
' endiM fif lto^a eggfyofaci ipvod adobntf thgaiMHii awteiaicNrtlEh 
^tbe.Brifeiiii>«iittlletogte.kiMroiify. jAiAAhDattOi^btdlfmtr^ 
nkidbwrnto'tfais' demotion; thai tcmotiy av£u«bptaa *lntito^liiiBi«d 
fdrrisoD wte- fl«^1te MttCf/'ca that oft tte mmatMO dMf wdm^Wt 
^htljikmk\B ibeir ^tt| ^ftierrthiBy wcivUilutemily biMdberMk ^' 

The &te o£roa§or Davie atid two otber Mtenf, oq^lahs Htnnph ri^ 
of.4h0fSedgal4ai«Mr7, aad 'captseriii ftunJ^iof «be AMppccNrps, is 
ttiDutiteftalii^ ^ * i -" 

'"iRtf jraMa ^M^ntbty of wiuiii v» tp^A, i«la«e, «' (ba«OaMy 
vas attacked in the midst of a tnice> by the first adlgw; on fhe^3^-4di' 
t^'JMii$«imt>: MRtiftajor Davie/ commaUdlDg the gaiTiwm4iere, 
taflltiklMte 3||itfMlo%rlhg <^f ; and ikat, aUter he fawl Mt tM 4cfA, 
4Hb0=Eli^Ml^toliltfrf wh6 fltcMapanied Ma» wete ti«idi»rM% 

^< !*«^nMib^tttftit?tf «a|)lttihtfohptirmitl^ 
*#AfMbMii-dlAdi«Mck>n, and M^thmtt ffloleitatloii^ ttf'Afitfofflifl^, 
^^tfaatftes^ sfeMfAHIte l^efl of tte Mk tetft Milni. ^ ^ -^ -* V^^ii^ 

^itteifyieMfcile ^^fhMI afl;f*Sbro^tbat^inas'ltltely'tOite-tt(9«^ t^^RNI^t 
it; and that large supplMs of proritionf had been seAt llMetvinr ^M^ 
^Sfai'foibose whicB fiettftoantHn>lo&e^-Barbct^had SMBve&rctAftwo 
itAMhi'MM^^ lb ^ #Mul!ieiii fot* she luoiltn^ tiortaiii'Hptkm^ ^*^ "^^i 
■*■' •»T*fctT5HitenMk»Hiiatis8on'lw at the^ tedd'***i 

1^inboi«dfe;^wUh 'ati4ff)0 ddofitn* ttocfcr atir %90oH ^1^ Iffili^:<;tt 
** ^ IW^ tolMbtfib tl^'' newtf of t&e «i«a(^of th^ti^^ 
^OblHBMj (H^ ^oviJrfl6f oraiMd Iwetitefaatit-tt) Wnfe* ttcrI MsiP'' wj^WWl 

' ^'^ JWif tM ' ^»Wa»ttWt t3yndf «Mi' 'ttiiir <i«^ 

and halted at Allungotuttb, prftparing to paw the river oo the ibUlMC|, 

'■*' That Major Davie ordered rafts to he constructed for the^iurpose} 
Vol. 6. I) but 



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It ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 

but, beipgaisurad bjr the Oiodiuu thM be shpold be supplied ncxf 
day witfe doneys to Uansport Jms party wxoBSt, the rafts were not made. 

'^ That the doneys not arriving as was expected, a ami was sent 
icross ^a riyer,. and listened cm the c^posite bank, to assist the pas- 
sage of the troopt i but was immediately after out by a Candian. 

*' That an order soon after arrived ftom the adigar to Major Davie, 
oommanding him to lay down his arms, and return to Candy ; which^ 
after some hesitation, he cosapUed with. 

"That, in consequence of such resignation, all the English prisoners 
were delivered, two by two, to the Candians, who cut off their heads ; 
and that the adigar, after the conclusion of this bloody tragedy, col- 
lected all the baggage and efects which had belonged to the English, 
and ordered cannon to b^ fired in token of rejoicing." 

It has been reported, that the defection in the Malays had induced 
Major Davie to submit to an honorable capitulation, rather than expoff^ 
his remaining feeWe force to be cut in pieces by the desperate oddjt 
which opposed him y but it is pgain related, that^uch report was alto- 
gether unfounded 3 that some individuals had indeed deserted, but that 
the m^ority, inckiding all officers of iufluenoe and respectability, 
were «tE^fich to the last( and that the Malay chiefs, upon hearing 
such 9 report was ia circulation, had waited upon the governor at 
Col\jmbo, to assure him of their regret aud indignation at the news, 
and of their invariable attachmept to the British government. 

It would also appear from high authority, that Captain Madge, late 
comnuin^^ of Fort Mc Dowal, and a small detachment under Lieu- 
tenant m'lSp&t at Damhadinia, defended themselves, at ti^e same mo- 
ment, ag^nst much greater odds than that whicli attacked Candy; and 
that any ooUected body of European troops were equal to oppose 
the progress of the natives, however numerous. 

Of the re^l-fmharraatmente which could induce Major Davie to de- 
liver up hi? V88W to tke, order of the first adigar, the public opinion 
mu?t be suspended; but the particulars of the defence made by Cap- 
tain Madge, and that by Lieutenant Nixoa, are too creditable to those 
gentleipep, oot to jdeserve a place in our narrative. 

Fort Mc Dowal» commanded by Capt. Madge, igth rcgiment> was 
garrisoned by thirty Europeans, mostly sick and uiifit for dut}', and fifty 
Mabys, under Lieut* Driburgh. 

This 



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WAR IN CEYLON. 19 

This post^ with every other held by the Soigfi^ in^d^Gandian ter* 
xitcury, was attacked on the same day; and held out till the news of 
the massacre arrived,* ^ben Captain Madge jodged it pniflent to re- 
treat 5 which liedid ta t4ie ©igbt, with only tweire- Europeans and 
tu'enty-live Malayn, llie retnaindjdf ^his fordK being uiMibie to march: 

This brave officer, artd his intrcfHd party, roaintained a very hard 
fight with the enemy, who fw two or three days disputed his march ; 
"fe-hen he happily fell in with a party of Malays going to the relief of 
Candy, who joined him, and, after a most fatiguing journey, they 
reached Trincomalfe in safety. Lieut. Dribjirgh died the' day after 
bis arrival. 

Lieut. Nixon commanded a small party of twenty-two invalid Ma- 
lays, fourteen convalescents of the 19th regiment, and sixty sepoys, 
officered by Ensign Gnmt and Ensign Smellie, and maintained his 
post for more than a week after their ammunition was expended, in a* 
miserable little post of fascines at Dambadinia, against an immense mul- 
titude coUeated by the second adigar. They were at length relieved 
bj Captain Blackall, of the 61st reginient, with a detadiment of £fiy 
Europeans and -fifty sepoys. This service was performed With the 
loss only c^one man of the 5 1st regiment, who was drowned attempt- 
ing to cross the ^ream> in his ardour to attadc a party of Candians on 
the opposite shcHe. An attempt was made in the night to surprise 
the second adigar j but, as we approached, he escaped with all his 
people, and fled into the jungle. 

In the general orders, published by his excellency Governor North, 
00 tha melancholy occasion, after deploring the unhappy fate of the 
garrison of Qandy, his excellency proceeds to express his approbation 
of the spirited and successftd conduct of the garrisons of FortM^Dowal 
and Dambadiuia. 

To Captain Madge, he offers his thanks for his gallant defence of 
Fort.M'Dowal, and his judicious retreat. ' To Capt»n Blackall, his 
peiibt:t apprrfxrtion of the vigour and acdvity with which he condueted 
the tehef of Dambadinia; and to Lieut. Klxon, i> Ensigns (rrai^t 
and Smellie, his high sense of the spirit with which ihey' defended 
that po8t> wider cnreucnstances of ex tiaorc&aary distress. 

By Ums motistrous and inhuman massacre of om* troops, the Can« 
dians gained possession of upwards of 1000 stand of arms, six brass 

1 2 ^-pounders, 



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JO ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 

6-pouaders^ three howitzers, a iive<-and-a-hdf inch martar> and got in 
their possession nearly 500 Malay and gun Lascars. 

Of the latter, who ^wete detained in the service of the enenoy, seve- 
ral are said to have escaped back to Coluinbo, who report, that their 
companions were all ready to follow. 

The following is the return of the officers find privates murdered. 

Lieut. Blakney, igth raiment. 

Lieutenants ?lender}eath, Byne, apd M'Leape^ Ensign Smith. 
Quarter-master Brown } Serjeant Hope -, and abput one hundred and 
fifty privates, of the 23d regiment. 

JVIajor Davie ^ Captain Ri^mleyj Lieutenants Mercer, !Efarry, Fan* 
thorpe, and Goupil ^ and assistant Serjeant Holloway, of the Malay 
regiment. 

Captain Humphreys, Bengal artillery, 

Lieutenant Orrasby, 51st regiment. 

Total Return of Casualties daring our possession at Condi/, front 
February to June, 

CMficers murdered, l6. Officers died from tlie climate, 1(J. 
Gentlemen in the civil senice, 5. Total 3/. 

Privates, 19th regiment, murdered, 172. Ditto, died, 120. 
Died after their return from Candy, 30a Total 592. 

Mootoo Saxomy> the king, placed on tlie throne by the British, 
having evacuated with major Davie, was afterwards seized by the 
natives and carried off. 

The king of Candy, shortly after this massacre, finding 'our army 
reduced, determined to attack our several forts along the coast, for 
which purpose our country was invaded by lai^e bodies of the Caav 
dians; and we were obliged to concentrate our force, by.rctup>ing 
into Columbo, Trixicomalie, . and other strong jwlds o» the s^cqast;?. 

During all these disturl^ances, somp qf our prpvinces revoltejl, and 
the expediency of proclaiming martial law, throughput Qur doiuiniops 
m Ceylon became unavoidable. 

In the months of August^ and Septeml)e^ fo]lowi,ng, the ^nemy 

attacked the neighbourhood of Columbo, Jafijepatam, Trin^on^glie, 

Manaar, Matura, Batacolo, and Malati\'oe; but sjuch was tlie activity 

of our officers in opposing their views, as wejl as the vigor of our 

, / troops 



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WAR IJ^ OEYLON. 21 

troops in executing. ord^s> jtl^^n90^rhad.^4tl^to^boa»t &om; their 
repeated incursions. ;-_'.:-. * ' .- - . . 

A detachment, together witb a ibrce &oai.JBeogal> aniyiagjat, this 
critical moment, parties were iuslaq% eraplogrod to take the fiel^. 

By the consummate bravery of ^Mrti^oopv and theskUl of their 
leaders, our desperate situation was soon improved ; the Candians 
were driven from our possessions, N\ith great siaaghler, and the 
revolted natives brought back to their allegi^ce. ^ 

The restless disposition of the enemy was not, however, as yet 
suppressed. A Jfpirit of retaliation for the severe losses they had experi- 
enced, spurred them on to make another desperate ' attempt at 
success. 

Early in the month of September, the kingbf Candy, at the head 
of the most numerous force he had been able to collect throiigbout 
bis dominions, burst into our settlements at Settivacca, and at- 
tacked the fortress at Hangwelle. This post is aboOt eighteen Elig- 
lish miles fr9m the city, and was garrisoned with 50 Europeans, ,1()^ 
sepoys, and 1/ gun-lascars. . 

The enemy stormed, the fort on Uvo third, fourth, and sixth f^ut 
OD the latter day the battlp was fio bloody mid decisive, as to put a si;pp 
^0 any further attefnpt. • . , - 

After a severe contest of ^ hopr and an liaif, the Candiau^ were 
driven back with immense slaughter. 

The king fled, with precipitation, at the commencement of the 
fiction. Being overtaken by Leokc, dessam of the four Codes, and 
Maha-Mohittiar, or chief secretary of state, he was so enragad at 
their pusillanimity, that he immediately ordered their heads to be 
strack off, and left their de^d bodies, unburied, in a ravine, near 
Heyborg. 

On this tL&Ar our loss was only 1 private of the 55th regiment, 
wounded j and our afrms were reinforced by 62 malays, and 1 50 gun* 
. lascars, part of thcfee which had been detained at Candy. 

The following is llie return of the AriTll^, Ijfc. iakeh. ''' ' ' 

Two six-pounders, 1 three-pounder, 120 Engfish firdock, a number 
of Cingalese arms and accoutrements, atld the Royal Standard. 

The loss sustained by the Candians in this defeat, patticulariy in the 
Inscars, on \\ hom they very much depended, has been of the most 
leiieficial consequence fo our p^us^. 

This 



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22 ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 

This very decisive victory, so fatal to the long-concerted projects of 
the enemy, was conducted by captain William Pollock, of his 
Majesty's 51st regiment, who had that day been sent to take the 
command, vice lieutenant Mercer, whose ill health made the 
change necessary. It is, however, proper to observe, that the 
latter oflScer had, previously, defended the post with great vigor aod 
ability. 

On the day folio wing the battle captain Pollock was reinforced 
by 50 Europeans and 80 sepoys, under the command of captain 
Hankey. 

Captain Pollock and his brave party, thus recruited and encouraged 
by their late brilliant success, marched forwards on the gth 
towards the Candian frontier. 

This detachment was composed of captain Hankey, lieutenants 
Mercer and Veagh, of the infantry, and Worsley, of the royal ar- 
tillery, 80 rank and file Europeans, 70 rank and file sepoys, with 
two small cohoms, and a party of Bengal lascars. 

The enemy were posted at the strong hold of Kolloagille, under 
the command of the new dissuva of the four Cprles. Having at- 
tacked them with impetuosity, they fled, leaving the passage of the 
Reyborg free for our own troops, who passed, and halted, for the 
night, at Aloet Ambulacer, about six English miles distant from 
Ilangwelle. 

On the lOth, captain Pollock proceeded to Poora-pettia, a post of 
considerable strength ; but the enemy having evacuated, he marched 
on to Avisavella, and crossing the river, entered the Candian terri- 
tory at Sittivacca. 

Pursuing his object, he drove the enemy from tlie strong battery of 
Apoola-Pitty, where he halted that night, and the next day, in ex- 
pectation of a reinforcement, under tlie command of captain Buchan, 
of his majesty's Ceylon nortli regiment, which had been previously 
detached from Negumbo, through the Hina and Hapjpitig and Corles, 
to j6in hlih at Menegoddc, on the opi>osite side of the colony of 
Gungee. 

Captain Buchan on his route was joined by a party of 36 Mallays, 
(of those taken at Candy) who had deserted from the army of the se- 
cond adigar, then on hb march to join the king at Rounalle. 

On the 12th, captain Pollock's detachment, having reached Or- 

ganda. 



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WAR IN CEYLON. 23 

ganda, about five English miles from Apoola-Pitty, fell in with the 
remains of the army that had been defeated at Hangwelle. 

Here an obstinate resistance was made to our progress ; but tlie 
Candians, having 25 of their men killed in the battery, they fled, and 
cur detachment proceeded. 

Advancing, our party found all the passes crowded with Candians, 
who had erected strong batteries for their defence. But all these dif- 
ficulties served only to inspire our troops with new spirits. The 
enemy were driven firom their strong holds, with prodigious slaughter, 
though only one lascar was wounded in our paity. 

Arriving at' the banks of the river, our little army had to contend 
with the most furious opposition. The opposite bank was lined with 
batteries, mounting several pieces of cannon, from which the enemy 
kept up a heavy fire of round and grape shot, together with a constant 
fire of musquetry. 

Captain Pollock, being altogether unacquainted with the depth of 
the stream, he was compelled to come to a halt, but a ford being soon 
after discovered, the advance rushed impetuously forward, led by 
captain Hankey and lieutenant Mercer ; captj^jp Buchan, at the same 
moraeDt, appeared with his party on the right flank of the enemy, 

who fled in all directions. ~ 

The following is the return of ordnance stores taken at Rowan el ft/ : 
Tliree light six-pounders, mounted on travelling carriages ; one light 
three-pounder, ditto, ditto; two 4-three-quarter inch mortars, 
with beds 5 76 slx-pounder flannel cartridges, with round shot fixed to 
wood bottoms j 20 three-pounder flannel cartridges, witli case sliot 
fixed to wood bottoms; 50 4-five-eighth inch mortar shells; 150 
iron round shot from l^ to two pounders f three six- pounder spunges ; 
three ditto ladles ; three dhto wadliooks ; 57 six-pounder tubes ; 86 
port-fires ; 70 hand grenades ; some camp equipage, mid an elephant. 
Captain Pollock speaks in high terms of the essential assistance 
afforded him by captain Buchan, who, with his detaclnnent, has 
surmounted every difficulty from the roads, and materially contributed 
to the victory they obtained. 

The two detachments took up their quarters in the palace for the 
night ; and, finding the enemy had retreated into the interior of their 
territory, on the following morning orders were given to burn the 
palace and the whole of the village, which was completely eflet ted 

before 



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24 ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804^ 

before noon, when captain Pollock marched bapk to Hacywebe. 
Our loss, on this occasion, was incredibly small j at Kalora Gille, two 
European soldiers wounded, and at Organda, two gun-la/icars 
wounded. 

The village of RouancUe is esteemed the most populous and com- 
mercial in, the kingdom of Candy. All the stoics, magazines, am- 
munition, artillery, and provision, which tlie king had prepared for 
his late unsuccessful expediiion, fell into oiu: hands, and were removed : 
but a ver}' noble pidiice, which lie had lately erected for his residence, 
in the most sumpiuoiis style of Indian magnidcence, was burned 
down to the ground; togetlier with 100 houses belonging to the 
inhabitants. 

The enemy, during their early operations in tliis month, succeeded 
in cutting off tlie communications between Columbo and Matura -, 
the intermetUate provinces having revolted, by which event the 
posts ware prevented from travelling to the coast of Coromandel. 

To remove so serious an evil, his excellency the governor imme- 
diately dispatched a force to Matura, under the command of captain 
Herbert Beaver, whosa former ser>'ices recommended him for this 
important commaud. we accordingly stormed tlie head quarters of 
the Candians, at Dindpittcn, on the 29th i and with such success, 
tliat tlieir precipitate retreat alone prevented an almost universal 
slaughter of then: troops. The districts of Putlang and Chilan were, 
about the same tin^e, restored to order and tranquillity, by tlie 
vigorous exertions of major Evans and captain Blackall. The 
'district of Galle was evacviated' by the Candians, and the inhabitants 
so eifectu.'dly came back to their allegiance, that tliey invited the 
renters to relimi, and collect their rents. 

Matura was likewise nearly reduced to obedience; the regular 
communication with Tangallc re-opened -, and Hambangtotte reported 
not to have been cvncuatedby us. 

No mail, however, had as yet arrived from Manaur, but every thing 
was in ti'aui for the establishment of the post stations. 

As the advantages appeared tohavt- resulted from the glorious de- 
fence of Hangwellc, on the Cth, and have been attended with the 
happiest ctFcc^ the conduct of captain Pollock, as well as tlie officers 
and privates under his command, have recei^ied from the govenimeni 
of Ceylon every public mirk of their warmest approbation. 

. The 



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C 1 ] 



CHRONICLE. 



Bengal Occurrences for Mat, 1803. 



Munificent Fete at the Royal 

MiUtary College, in hcnor of 

the Governor^general. 

Ok Wednesday, May 18th, the 
anniversary of his excellency thd 
most noble the govemor-generars 
arrival in Calcutta, the leading 
members of the community had 
the honor of entertaining his lord- 
ship at the college, with a concert, 
ball, and supper ; the whole of 
which was conducted in a style of 
precision, elegance, and grandeur, 
ccMxesponding widi the august 
event that caused the meeting. 

The college hall exhibited an ap- 
pearance of brilliancy, of which it 
will be difficult to convey a correct 
idea. The facinating scene should 
have been contemplated, to bejustly 
appreciated. 

The southernmost part of the 
room, which firom its construction 
was peculiarly adapted for the oc- 
casion, was a^ropriated to his Ex- 
cellency, and the gentlemen of his 
suite. The decorations here were 
truly superb. His lordship's chair, 
painted white and elegantly gilt, 
was placed on an oval platform, co- 
vered with an ornamented cloth,, 
which raised the seat 9 inches from 
the floor. From the ceiling a rich 
canopy, made of sky blue satin 
ornamented with silver tassels, was 
su^nded, to the inside of which 
' a very elegant punkah, to corres- 
pond, was attached. In the room 
were judiciously di^layed twenty- 

V0L.6. t 



one large and small chandeliers and 
lustres j the various lights of which 
were reflected upon the extensive 
assemblage of beauty and fashion 
from twenty-eight large and richly 
ornamented mirrors. 

At the north epd of the room 
the orchestra was erected, over the 
centre of which was a tranparency 
of his Excellency's arms, in which 
was introduced the word Khoda^ 
lad, in the Persian character. The 
whole surmounted by the words 
Seringapatamj 4 th May, 1799> In 
large capitals. On the right of the 
orchestra, in the attic windows, 
were transparencfes, shewing the 
names Clive and Duncan ; the cor- 
responding windows in the southern 
part of the room exhibited, the 
names Fhyd and Stuart, On the 
left of the orchestra, in the attic 
windows, were transparencies of 
the names /farm and Baird, cor- 
responding to which, in the oppo- 
site end of the room; were those 
of Popham and Hartly. The east- 
em and western attic windows ex- 
hibited transparencies of the fol- 
lowing particulars : 

May 18th, 1798; Trtaty with the 
Nizam, September. 1, 1798; — Hy- 
drabad, battle of Sedasere, March 6, 
1799; Tanjore, Dissolution of the 
French Party, 22d October, 1^98; 
Mysore; Carnatic; Battle of Malla- 
velly, 27th March, 1799; Panition 
treaty of Mysore, 22d June, 1799; 
Subsidiary Treaty, 9th July, 1799; 
Surat ; Treaty with the Nizam, 12th 
October, 1800; Gurezat ; Defeat of 

^ Dhoondie, 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



Dhoondie, 10th September, 1800; 
Oudc ; Treaty of Tanjore, 25th Octo- 
ber; Egypt; Camatic Treatv, Slst 
July, ^801; Treaty with Gykapour, 
S9th July, 1802. 

A large house adjoining to the 
New college was fitted up, and was 
connected witli the college by tem- 
porary platforms prepared for the 
occasion, and joining the college, 
with a spacious terrace, which of- 
fered a grove and rural promenade, 
and formed an admirable contrast 
to tlie brilliancy and magnificence 
of the ball room. 

At an early hour in the evening. 
Tank-square was beaiTtifully illu- 
minated. The college also made a 
brilliant appearance, and attracted 
particular attention. 

The company began to assemble 
at half past 9 o'clock, and at a 
little after 10, his excellency, at- 
tended by his suite, arrived at the 
• ball room, and was received at the 
entrance by tlie foUowinggentlemen 
who had been appointed managers 
to conduct the entertainments. 

Messrs. Spoke and Graham j 
maj. gen. Cameron ; cols. Green 
and Pringle ; Mr. Makenzie, Mr. 
Taylor, Mr. Lumsden, Mr. Cole- 
brooke, Mr. Birch, lieu. cols. Mor- 
ris and Mercer, Mr. Balfour, the 
Rev. Mr. Brown, Mr. Fairlie, Mr. 
Shakespear, Mr. Tucker, majoij " 
Kelso, Mr. Thoroton, Mr. Pren- 
dergast, Mr. I. B. Birch, andlieut. 
McLeod, of engineers. 



A guard and colour from H. M. 
22d reg. was drawn up in front of 
the college, and received his ex- 
cellency with the usual military 
honors. 

The managers having conducted 
his excellency to the seat prepared 
for him at the south end of the 
room, the concert began, and las- 
ted about three quarters of an hour. 
The selection of music was excel- 
lent, and the concert was performed 
in a manner which afforded gene- 
ral satisfaction. The overture to 
Henry IV. was much admired, and 
two stanzas of complimentary, 
verses were introduced with ex- 
ceeding good effect, in the slow 
movement of that admirable com- 
position. The stanzas sung by 
M. Du Sart, were 

AIR. 

Pour notre Chef auguste 
Formons de doux accords. 
Jamais sujet plus juste 
N* excita nos transports. 
JLa Gloire le couronne, 

De fes fav«urs. 
L * Amour lui dresse un trone 

Dans tous les coeurs. 
Sous son aimable empire, 
Fleiirissent tous les arts, 
' Minerve en paix respire. 
Sous les lauriers de Mars. 
Bette heureuse contre. 

Va pour toujours 
Voir reluire d Asiree, 

Les plus beaux jours. 



Mr. Du Sart also sung a grand song, in honor of tlie capture of 
Seringapatam j the words of which were composed on the occasion by 
an amateur of this settlement. 

RECITATIVE. 

Ix>ud roar our British thunders to the skies. 
Now vengeance o*er the tyrant's city flies, 
Warriors, advance ! the gaping breach invites, 
And gallant Baird, qur heroes now inckes. 
To lift 'gainst tyrannist th' avenging rod. 
Assert their king, their country, and their God ! 

▲ XR 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR MAY, 1803. 



AIR. 

Great God ! our ardent supplications hear. 
Of lingfring" captives dry the bursting tear. 
Aid innocence oppreseM by ruthless powV, 
May freedom's torch, in tnis propitious hour. 
Dart thro* the despot's dungeon its bright ray. 
And slav'ry^s subjects own a milder sway. 

ALLEGRO MAESTOSO. 

Our prayers are heard, behold where vangulshM now. 

His barbVous legions to our valour bow ; 

See his proud warriors huii'd into the flood, 

See his Cavery's streams are crimsoned with their blood. 



Two glees were executed in a 
masterly manner^ and the charm- 
ing duet of *' Richie Comachie,'' 
again excited general applause. 

The concert was concluded by 
the March of Judas Maccaboeus, 
and by HandeFs celebrated, and (on 
the occasbn) appropriate chorus of 

Siog onto God, and high affections raise. 
To crown this conquest with unmeasur'd 
praise. 

The chorus was perform^ by 
the boys belonging to the church, 
nnder the direction of Mr. Trinks, 
and by the amateurs of Calcutta. 
It was much admired, and was de- 
servedly encored. 

Stewards for the night, were 
Messrs. Taylor, Colebrooke, Co- 
lin, Shakespear^ Thoroton, Pren- 
dejgast, and lieut McLeod. 

Tbe dances began soon after th^ 
coQclosion of the concert, and 
lasted until past twelve o'clock, 
when the governor- gene ral and 
the company were conducted to a 
splendid supper, prepared by Mes- 
sieurs Carher and Scomec, for 500 
persons, on the lower suite of apart- 
nients. Hie decorations of the 
table were very magnificent, llie 
niosl remarkable objects were four 
temples, ornamented with colours, 
trophies, &c. and three transparent 
columns, five feet high) tlie pedestals 
of which contauied emblematical 
representations- of the following 
events; 



1 St. The governor-general mar- 
quis Wellesley, taking charge of 
the supreme government on the 
18th of May, 1798. 

2d. The assault of Seringapatam, 
4th May, 1799- 
3d. New government house on the 
day of thanksgiving for the late 
peace with the French Republic, 
iptli January, 1803. 

4th. His Excellency the gover- 
nor-general, attended by the mem- 
bers of gbvernment, with the offi- 
cers and students of Fort William, 
at the annual disputations in the 
Asiatic languages. At the angles 
of the pedestals were figures, re- 
presenting the cardinal virtues j 
the shaft, which had transparent fiu- 
tings, was ornamented with trophies, 
representing the standard taken 
from Tipixx) Sultan, and the co- 
lours from the French at Hydrabad. 
The capital was surmounted by a 
figure of Fame, holding an admi- 
rable portrait of the governor- 
general, and cirowning it with lau- 
rel. 

These figures and transparencies 
were beautifully executed by 
Messrs. Croese and Capini. The 
portraits were drawn by Mr. An- 
drews. 

During supper, the governor- 
general's band played martial airs. 

All the seirants, in number 400, 
were dressed in white, with rose- 
coloured sashes and bandeaus, with 
the word Seringapatam, 4th May, 
A 2 ^799, 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



1799, stamped in large characterg 
in commemoration of that glorious 
conquest. 

At half past one, his excellency 
returned to the ball room, when 
the dances recommenced with in- 
creased spirit, and continued until 
past three, at which hour his excel- 
lency retired. 

On quitting the ball room, his 
excellency was pleased to express 
to the managers, the gratification 
which he had derived from the en- 
tertainment 3 and indeed, it would 
be unjust not to declare that every 
thing was arranged with the greatest 
taste and propriety, and conducted 
with the most marked attention to 
the convenience and gratification of 
• his excellency, and of the numer- 
ous company, assembled on this 
occasion. — 

Fort William, May 19, 1803, 

To M, G. Prendcrgasl, esq. Secre* 
tary to the Managers for cori" 
ducting the entertainment to the 
Governor General, ^c, ^c, tsfc. 

Sir, 
I am conmianded by his excel- 
lency the most noble the Govemot 
General to request you to commu- 
nicate the accompanying note from 
the Governor General to the Ma- 
nagers appointed to conduct the en- 
tertainment given to his excellency 
on the 18th instant, by the gentle- 
men of this settlement. 
I have the honor to be. Sir, 
Your most obedient 

humble servant, 
(Signed) M. Shaw, Private Seq, 

Fort William, May 19, 1803. 
Gentlemen, 
The flattering sentiments which 
you were appointed to convey to me 
from this respectal^ settlement, 
could not have been expressed with 
more propriety and judgment, nor 
could such a disdnction have been 



conferred upon me, in a manner 
more justly calculated to confirm 
my respect, gratitude and attach- 
ment towards those who have been 
pleased to aflbrd me this unsolicited' 
testimony of regard and esteem. 

While I receive with the highest 
consideration this public expression 
of favom^able opinion, I derive the 
most sincere satis&ction from ob- 
sen'ing, that in signifying to me 
the kind sentiment of personal re- 
gard and esteem, this settlement 
has manifested the continuance of 
that spirit of honorable zeal for the 
prosperity and glory of our country, 
from which I have experienced 
effectual assistance in every exi- 
gency of the public seiTicej and 
from which the Company and the 
nation may confidently anticipate 
the stability of every advantage, 
resulting from the important events, 
conunemorated under your direc- 
tion on the 18th of May, 1803. 

I have the honor to be, with 
great consideration and attachment. 
Gentlemen, 
Your faithful servant, 
(Signed) Wellesley. 

SINKING FUND. 
Fort William, May s8, 1803. 
The public is hereby informed, 
diat the sum expected to be appli- 
cable to the redemption of the pub- 
lic debt, by the Commissioners of 
the Sinking Fund, in the month of 
Jmie^ is sicca rupees five lacks 
(sicca rupees 5,00,0CX)). Of this 
sum sicca rupees one lack (sicca 
rupees 1,00,000), will be applied 
in the purchase of the promissory 
notes of this government, bearing 
an interest of six per cent, per an- . 
num, and the reniainder will be 
applied to the discharge of the 
notes of tlie General Register, in 
the order of number and date, as 
follows I 

On 



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MADRAS OCCURRENCES FOR MAY, 1803. 



Qq Monday the 18tb Jupe,from 
No. 3621 of the Ceneral Regis- 
ter of 179S-3 to No. 3634 S.Rs. 67,O0P 
On Thursday, 16th June, from 

No. 3634 to 3643 Sa. Rs. 66,000 

Od Monday the 80th Jane, from 

No. 3642 to No. 3647 Sa. Rs. 69^000 
On Thursday the 83d June, from 

Na 3647 to No. 3659, Sa. Rs. 65,000 
On Monday the S7th June> from 

No. 3659 to No. 3665, & Rs 64flOO 
On Thursday the 30th June, from 
No. 3665 to No. 3678, Sa.Rs 66,400 
The interest will cease on the 
date on which the notes are seve- 
rally ordered for payment. 

Tenders for the sale of promis- 
sory notes bearing an interest of six 
per cent, per {mnum^ will be re- 
ceived as usual by the commissi- 
oners every Monday and Thursday. 



C0MPANT*8 PAPER. 

Maif2, 1803. 

Bay. S^/. 

Six per cent. - - 3 10 4 dis. 

Old 8 per cent. - O 3 do. 
Loans of April and Nov. 

1800, - - - 1 8 1 Odo. 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Aug. 

1892, and Feb. 1803, 3 2 8pm. 

Tenpcrcent. - - 8 O 7 8 do. 

TwelTe per cent. - 3 3 8 do. 



May 23 



May 9 



Buy. 
3 6 



SeU. 
3 10 dis. 
8 do. 



Six per cent. - 

Old 8 per cent. - - 1 

Loans of April and Nor. 

1800, - - - 1 3 1 Odo, 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Aug. 

1802, and Feb. 1803, 3 
Ten per cent. - - 6 
Twelve per cent. - 3 



8 do. 
Odo. 
8 do 



May l6. 

Buy, Sell. 
Stxpercent. - - 3 3 6 dis. 
Old 8 per cent. - 1 2 10 do. 
Loans of April and Not. 

1800, - - - 2 12 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Aug. 

1802,and Feb. 1803, 3 
Ten per cent. - - 8 
Twelve per cent. -30 



1 4 do. 



0pm. 

Odo. 

3 do. 

t 



Buy. 
2 6 



2 12di9i 
10 do. 



Six per cent. - - 

Old 8 per cent. - - 2 

Loans of April and Nov. 

1800, • - - 1 12 1 4 do. 
Do. of Sept. 1801,Ang. 

1802, and Feb. 1803, 3 2 8pm. 
Ten per cent. - - 8 7 Odo. 
Twelve per cent. - 3 2 8 do. 

* E3 
May 30. 

Buy. StU. 
Six per cent. - - 2 O 2 8'dis. 
Old 8 per cent. - - 2 2 8 do. 
ItfOans of April and Nov. 

1800, - - - 1 8do. 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Aug. 

1802, and Feb. 1803, 3 2 8pm. 
Ten per cent. - - 8 8 7 8 do^ 
Twelve per cent. - 3 2 8 do. 

Madras 

Occurrences for May, 1803. 

ADDRESS OF THANKS FROM THS 
INHABITANTS TO H.M*8 34th REG. 

Fort St. George, May 9, 1S03. 
To Colonel Dickens, commanding 
his Mcyesty's 34th regiment. 

Sir, 
Impressed with a grateful sense 
of the extraordinary exertions ma- 
nifested by the officers and men of 
his Majesty's 34th regiment under 
your command on the occasion of 
the late calamitous fire, we feel it 
incumbent upon us to offer you, 
and them,our public acknowledge- 
ments for the service thereby ren- 
dered to tlie commercial interests 
in particular, and at the same tim^ 
we request you will be assured of 
our sincere respect for the public 
spirit which unrfornily animates and 
distin^ishes the British military on 
every emergency. 
We are. Sir, 

y§ur fnok obedient 

Mumble servants, 

Harrington, Bumaby, and Cockburn, 
A 3 C^^' 



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-«" 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



Chase, Chinnery, And Mc. Dowall, 

Hunter and Hay, 

TtiUoh, Brodie, and Halyburton, 

Binney and Dennison, 

Colt, Baker Hart, and Co. 

Francis Loutour and Co. 

Basil Cochrane^ 

Adrian, John, and Lewis De Fries, 

Lys, Satur, and D' Monte, 

Parry and Lane, 

Abbott and Maitland. 

Fort St. George, May u, 1803. 
Gentlemen, 
I have had the honor to receive 
your letter of the 9th instant, and 
to communicate it in the regimen- 
tal orders of yesterday to the offi- 
cers, non-commissioned officers, 
and privates of his Majesty's 34th 
regiment. I beg leave to assure 
you, gentlemen, in their name, 
of the satisfaction which they 
derived from being informed, that 
in the execution of their duty at 
the late fire, their exertions were 
. in any d^ee beneficial to your 
commercial interests, and that the 
very obliging manner in which you 
have been pleased to express your 
sentiments on this occasion, is most 
highly gratifying to our feelings as 
British soldiers. 

I have the honour to be. 
Gentlemen, 
Your obedient humble Servant, 
(signed) R. W. Dickens, 
Col. com, 34th regt, 

John Chamier, esq. was on Tues- 
day last, sworn in a member of 
council at this presidency, under 
the usual discharge of artillery. 

Anniversary of the Capture of 
Seringapatam . 
On Wednesday evening, the 
right hon. the governor gave a ball 
and suoper to the settlement, it 
being the anniversay of the cap- 
ture of Seringapatam. 



Ceylon 
Occurrences for May, 1803. 

The Seven Corles. 

His excellency the governor 
made a tour through the newly- 
conquered province of the Seven 
Corles. Preparations were made at 
the different stations for his excel- 
lency's reception. 

The endemial fever, by which 
some of tlv troops have suffered 
so much, still continues to prevail 
with great violence in the interior 
of this island, and has been pecu- 
liarly fatal to the natives, among 
whom the mortality has been vety 
great. We are however in hopes 
that, as the season advances, the 
ravages of this dreadful disorder 
will cease. Fevers are commonly 
prevalent at this time of the year, 
but they never were known to be 
•o fatal, or to rage with such vio- 
lence, as at present. 



COUNTRY NEWS. 



Delhi. 

May 3d. — Mohun^al represented 
to his Majesty, that colonel Bour- 
quin and the sons of Puroosram 
Bhao, with a large body of auxi- 
liary troops had passed tlie city of 
Poona. • Juswunt Rao Holkur has 
written a letter to Muharaja Send- 
heea Buhadoor, desiring him to 
appoint a place wlicre they both 
might hold a conference, in order 
to remove every doubt that may 
possibly have arisen in their minds, 
during the late j)erplexing state of 
warfare. By this procedure it 
plainly appears, that a general 
peace must have been established, 
and tliat the country will now en- 
joy uninterrupted repose. He fur- 
ther 



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COUNTRY NEWS FOR MAY, 1803. 



tber states, that Rao Umrut Rao, 
who was the original fomenter of 
the late fatal contest, has clandes- 
tinely retired from Poona to the 
woods and hills in the vicinity of 
that city. 

scindbah's camp. 

May 5th.— rit would appear by 
the PersiaB newspapers, that the 
forces of the Nuwwab Nizam Ulee 
Khan and the attendants of his 
highness the Peishwa arrived at 
Poona 5 a notification hath conse- 
quently been given throughout the 
dty, advertising the restoration of 
Baje Rao, the Peishwa, to his late 
dignity. Juswuna Rao, on receiv- 
this intelligence has actually march- 
ed from die banks of the river 
Godawuree,and approached Uorun- 
gabad; but some part of his troops 
nevertheless have remained in the 
fort of Duolutabad. 

May 6th. — Juswunt Rao Hol- 
kar's wukeel informed Muharaja 
Sendheea of the arrival of that 
chieftain j upon which the Muha- 
raja sent Kashee Rao with instruc- 
tions to desire H^l^ur to encamp 
near Boorhanpoor^ " where the Mu- 
haraja will hav«d^ the pleasure of' 
seeing him on the following day. 

May 1 0th.— Shahnuwaz Khan 
represented to his Majesty, that a 
general peace has been concluded 
between Muh^ja Sendeea Bu- 
hadofr and JBwunt Rao Holkur, 
and A place dA the banks of the 
Godawuree has been, appointed for 
an inten-iew, but it has hitherto 
been postponed from some una- 
voidable obstacles. He moreover 
stales, that his highness the Peshwa 
\*'as completely restored to his late 
dignity. All bis principal servants, 
the wukeels of several chieftains of 
the Dukhun and the chief officers 
of the anny accompanied Chimna- 
jee to pay their respects to his 

tA 



highness, who accepted their pre- 
sents, and received them with every 
demonstration of joy, and salutes 
were fired from all the hills to ce- 
lebrate his happy return. 

May 12th. — It appears by the 
Persian newspapers, that the prince 
of Qysur, who had been a few days 
ago deftated by some Sikhs near 
I^huor, is again making great pre- 
parations to prosecute the hostile 
operations he has lately been en- 
gaged in, against his enemies, but 
no subsequent news of the result 
has yet been received, though 
we may daily expect to have the 
particulars from that quarter of 
Hindoostan. 

May 17th. — It appears by the 
Ukhbar, that an action has lately 
been fought between the Puthans 
of Rohtas Gurh and Bhag Singh 
of Lahuor, wTio had entered into a 
plan of confederacy with Gooroodut 
Singh and Sahib Singh , the 
SikJis of Lahuor, in order to carry 
on their warlike operation with 
great vigour, but the whole re- 
ceived a complete defeat from the 
Puthans, with the loss of about 
500 men. 

SCINDEAH*S CAMT. 

May 10. Gen. Perron lias written a 
letter to Sendeea, soliciting per- 
mission to return to Europe, in an- 
swer to which, the Muharaja said 
to the general, that after settling 
the afiiairs of some Siklis at La- 
huor, he may go wherever he 
pleases. 

May 21st — Syyid Ruzee Khan 
represented to his Majesty, tliat a 
body of troops consisting of 50 
thousand men, belonging to the 
Puthans, had by night surprised 
the Sikhs, who were encamped in 
tlie fields, under tlie walls of 
Roohtas Gurh. The latter were 
entirely off their guard, yet they 
boldly opposed tlie enemy for s^me 
4 hours. 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL RJEGISTER, 180i. 



hourly and the action was at length 
terminated with the loss of about 
two thousand men on both sides. 

May 23d. — Mohunlal relates, 
that the mother of Gooroodut 
Singh deceased, of Umrutsur, 
having obtained a victory over Hu- 
meer Singh of Thanesur is now 
resolved to attack the fort of 
Nuoshubni. She is consequently 
assembling all the r^ular troops 
under her command, together for 
that purpose. Runjeet Singh of 
Lahuor has likewise taken the for- 
tress of Thutha, which lies at the 
foot (^ the Dungtor hills. It would 



appear, that the natives of Lahuor^ 
Moltan, and the, adjacent places^ 
are naturally of a quarrelsome dis^ 
position, particulaily the Sikhs, 
who have formed a national as- 
sembly in that country. Manj 
ambitious individuals among theai 
are desirous, of assuming absdute- 
power, in order to dibject the rest 
to their authority. Under these 
circiunstances qo cordial bonds of 
amity can exist among them, the 
Sikhs therefore never can be very 
formidable as a great belligerent 
people, on the griM theatre of 
India. 



Bengal Occurrences for June, 1803. 



Fort William, June i, 1803. 
Restoration of his highness the 
PeishwMh to the Musnud, 

This day dispatches were re- 
ceived by his excellency the most 
noble the governor-general in 
council, irom lieutenant-colonel 
Barry Close, resident at the court 
of Poonah, under date the 14th 
ultimo, aimouncin^ the happy re- 
storation of his highness the Peish- 
wah to his dominiotis and govern- 
ment. 

At noon on the 13th May, his 
highness proceeded from Chinchore 
in considerable state, attended by 
his brother Chimnajee Oppa, and 
by a numerous train of the princi- 
pal chiefs of the Mahratta em- 
pire 3 and having entered his palace 
in the city of Poonah, resumed his 
seat upon the musnud, and re- 
ceived presents from his principal 
servants. 

During the procession, the Bri- 
tish resident^ accompanied by his 



suite, paid his compliments to his 
highness j when a salute was fired 
by the British troops encamped in 
the vicinity of Poonah, under the 
command of the honorable major- 
general Wellesley 5 this salute was 
immediately answered firom the 
fortress of §epnghur. 

While the procession passed the 
bridge into the city, a second salute 
was fired from the British camp ; 
and as his highness approached the 
palace, salutes were fired from 
. the several posU of the Mahratu 
troops i at sun-set, salutes were 
fired from all the hill-forts in the 
vicinit}' of Poonah. 

A royal salute and three vollies 
of musketry were fired at all tlie 
stations of the land forces in the 
East Indies, in honor of the happy 
restoration of his highness the 
Peishwah to his dominions and go- 
vernment on the 13th of May. 

Extra batU sened to the Euro- 
pean troops. 

a/e. 



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BENGAL OCCURIUENCZS FOE JUNE, 1803. 



9 



Cekhration of His Mqj€sty*s 
Birth Day. 

On Saturdj, the 4th of June, 
aaeDtertainment was given at the 
new government house, in honor 
of the anniversary of his Majesty's 
birth-day. 

The north steps of the govern- 
meet boose were illumined on this 
occasion with coloured lamps : 
festoons of lamps also connected 
the entrances with the northern 
steps, on which the letters *' G. R.'* 
were conspicuous, aad well exe- 
cuted. 

An orchestra was erected at the 
north end of the great room, on 
the upper floor, opposite to which 
were the seats of the Governor- 
general, the chief justice, his ex- 
cellency the governor of Seram- 
pore, the judges of the supreme 
court, and the members of council. 

In consequence of the extreme 
heat of the weather, the enter- 
tainments consisted of a concert 
and supper, and there was no 
dancing during the evening. 

The selection of music was made 
with taste and judgment, and the 
band consisted of all the amateurs 
and professors of Calcutta, wlio 
exerted themselves to do honour to 
the happy occasion to be comme- 
morated. 

The concert began at ten o'clock, 
and continued until half past eleven. 
The overture was much admired, 
as was the fine glee of " Swiftly 
from the mounlains brow,** Mr. 
Du Sart sung two songs, with his 
accustomed taste and powers. 

A grand concerto on the piano 
forte was executed with extraordi- 
nary skill and judgment, and ex- 
cited general applause. Jt was fol- 
loyred by Handel's beautiful duet 
of" O, lovely peace -j"' the words of 
v>hkh are peculiarly adapted to the 



present happy state of general 
peace. * 

llie coronation anthem conclu- 
ded the concert, and was executed 
(under the direction of Mr. Trinks, 
the organist of the New Church) 
in a manner that surpassed any 
musical performance remembered 
in this settlement. It was gene- 
rally applauded and encored. 

At half past eleven o'clock the 
company (about 600 in number) 
were conducted to the supper 
rooms, on the marble floor, the 
columns, and doors, and windows of 
which were decorated with varie- 
gated flowers. The ornaments of 
the tables were in the same style, 
and exhibited several devices in 
honour of His Majesty. Amongst 
the latter, a triumphjal arch at- 
tracted particular attention. It was 
of the Corinthian order : on the 
principal fronts were winged victo- 
ries, and mural and naval crowns ; 
and the cornices were ornamented 
with wreathes, festoons, and the 
royal crown of Great Britain . The 
arch was crowned with trophies, 
and two medallions, (containing 
excellent likenesses of His Majes- 
ty) under which were the words 
of " Georgius III. Dei Gratiar 
Within the arch, and at the ends, 
were niches containing emblema- 
tical statues 5 and the pedes tah» of 
the columns were decorated with 
naval trophies corresponding with 
the other ornaments of the arch. 

The governor-general's band 
played several loyal and marshal 
airs, during supper, which conti-» 
nued until twelve o'clock, when 
the governor-general retired 

The whole of the entertainment 
was well arranged, and conducted 
in a manner perfectly suitable to 
the happy anniversary of His Ma- 
jesty's birth-day, which occasion 
had not before ocauTed since the 
completpon. 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



completion of all the great apart- . 
meots of the new government- 
house. 

His excellency the Nawaub 
Vizier with tlie consent and appro- 
bation of his excellency the most 
noble the governor-general, has 
been pleased to confer on Mr. Gore 
Chaseley, the command of a corps 
of cavalry, composing his excel- 
lency the Nawaub's body-guard, 
witli the rank of major. 

GENERAL SESSION. 

On Friday last, the first session 
of Oyer and Terminer, and general 
gaol delivery, and also an admi- 
ralty session, were held at the court 
liouse, before the honourable the 
chief justice, and the honourable 
Sir Henry Russel, kniglit. 

The chief justice delivered the 
charge to the grand jury, and con- 
gratuLitcd tliem and the public, on 
the small number of crimes which 
flppc3red in the kalendar, and 
which was to be attributed to the 
activity, zeal, and energy of the 
magistrates in the execution of tjie 
duties of their oftice. 

Rammohun Ghose, being called 
to the bar, was tried, found giiiHy 
and received sentence of death, for 
the murder of a nntivc boy of eleven 
years of age, named Roopnarain 
Roodcr. — He was according to his 
sentence executed yesterday -at the 
usual place. 

ADIOURXMENT. 

On Monday, the grand jury met 
pursuant to adjournment, and 
joiind four bills against Manuel 
Jose, for burglary; he was tried 
npon two, and from the clearest 
ev idence, convicted ; the honour- 
able the chief justice pronounced 



sentence of death upon the unfor- 
tunate man 5 which is to be put in 
execution on the 26th instant^ at 
the usual place. 

Tliomas Shouldham, who had 
been convicted of uttering a trea- 
sury pass, knowing it to be forged, 
was then put to the bar to receive 
his sentence j which was, that he 
should stand once in tlie pillory, 
be imprisoned for the term of two 
years in tlie gaol of Calcutta, pay 
a fine to the king of 5000 sicca 
rupees, and be imprisoned until 
such fine be paid. 

SINKING FUND. 
Fort William, June 10, 1803, 
The public is hereby informed, 
that the sum expected to be appli- 
cable to the redemption of the 
public debt, by tlie connnissioners 
of tlie sinking fund, in the month 
of July, is sicca rupees four lacks, 
(sicca rupees 4,00,000). Of this 
sum, sicca rupees one lack, (sicca 
rupees 1,000,000 j) will be applied 
On the purchase of the promis- 
sory notes of this government, 
bearing an interest of six per cent, 
per annum, and the remainder will 
be applied to tlie discharge of the 
notes of * the general register, in 
the order of number and date as 
follows : 

On Monday the 4th July, from 
No. 3,678 of the general regis- 
ter of 1792-3, to 3,686, Rs. 47,100 

-On Thurday the 7th July, from 

No. 3686 to 3,692, 47,300 

On Monday the 11th July, from 

No. 3,692 to 3699, 39,500 

On Thursday the 14th July, from 

No 3,699 to 3,704, 40fiOO 

On Monday the 18th July, from 

No. 3,704 to 3,71 1 ' 46,70© 

On Thursday the 21st July, from 

No. 0,711 to 3715 43,000 

On 



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MADRAS OCCURRENCES FOR JUNE, 1803. 



II 



Ob Monday the 25tfa July, from 
Na 3,715 to 3728, 45,000 

Oo Thurtday the 18th July, from 
No. 3,723 to 9,729 42,200 

The interest will cease oo the date on 

wWcU the notes are severally ordered 

lor payment. 



company's paper. 
June 7, 1803. 

Buy. 
Six per cent. - - - 2 
Old 8 per cent. - - 1 
Loans of April & Nov. 

1800, ... - 1 12 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Aug. 

1802, and Feb. 1803, 2 
Ten per cent. - - - 3 
T^BTclvc per cent. - 8 8 



2 8 dis. 

8dis. 

1 4 dis. 

2 8pm. 
2 8pm. 
7 8pm. 



June 14/ A. 

Buy. Sett. 

Six per cent. - - 2 2 8 dis. 

Oid 8 per cent. - - 1 O O 8 do. 
Loans of April & Nov. 

1800, - - - 1 12 1 4 do. 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Aug. 

1802, & Feb. 1803, 3 1 8pm. 

Ten per cent. - - 3 2 8 do. 

Twelve per cent. - 7 8 7 do. 



June 21. 

Buy. Sdl. 

Six per cent. - - - 2 8 3 dis. 

Old 8 per cent. - - 8 do. 
Loans of April & Nov. 

1800, . . > - 1 12 1 do. 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Aug. 

1802, and Feb. 1803, 2 8 2 0pm. 

Ten per cent.. - - 2 8 2 Odo, 

Twelve per cent. - 7 8 7 Odo. 



June 28th. 

Buy. SelL 

Six per cent. - - 3 8 4 dis. 

Old 8 per cent. - - O 4 do. 
Loans of April and Nov. 

1800, - - - 1 8do. 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Aug. 

l»02,andFeb. 1803, 2 8 2 0pm. 

Ten per cent. - - 2 8 2 Odo. 

Twelve per cent. - 7 8 7 do. 



Madbas 
Occurrences for June, 1803. 
Sir Henry Gtinllim, 
A very curious and interesting 
circumstance occurred some time 
ago here, which has made a gieat 
noise all over India. On the trial 
of Colonel MandeviUe, a native it 
was discovered had grossly perjured 
himself^ and afterwards absconded. 
This wa8 stated by the colonel to 
the supreme court, and in conse- 
quence a warrant was issued to 
apprehend the native, and the co- 
lonel taken under the protection of 
the court, to prevent his being sent 
to England till the affair bad mider- 
gone ftirther investigation. In the 
month of October last, an India- 
man was ready to sail for England. 
In the evening before she was to 
sail, a guard of soldiers went to the 
house of colonel MandeviUe, in the 
Black Town, seized and forcibly 
conducted him to the beach, put 
him on board a Masula boat, and 
carried him on board the ship, 
without allowing him to carry with 
him necessaries of any kind. An 
account of this transaction reached 
Sir Henry Gwillim, acting as chief 
judge in the absence of Sir I'homas 
Strange, who was then at Colombo, 
who instantly, with a generous in- 
trepidity, applied for the colonel's 
release and restoration to the pro- 
tection of the court. He sent a 
writ of Habeas Corpus on board 
the ship, to which proper attentibn 
was paid, and the colonel was per- 
mitted to re-land, although several 
shot were fired at the ship from the 
fort to make her sail, and at 
the boat carrying oft* the 'writ. 
Guards of soldiers were placed 
up<m the beach to intercept the 
colonel, but he landing to the Soutli- 
ward of tlie. fort escaped their vigi- 
lance, and was conducied to tlie 
house of Sir Henry Gwillim j soon 

aikr 



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ASIAtlC ANNUAL REGISTER, 18M. 



* 
after which a party of military ap- 
peared before the house, forcibly 
entered Sir Henry's garden, and 
peremptorily denaanded the body 
of the colonel. Sir Henry, who 
possesses ail tlie virtuous intrepidity 
which a British judge ought to have, 
dared the officer to touch colonel 
Mandeville, threatened to commit 
him and his guard, and at length dis- 
missed them without their object 
being attained. A very active cor- 
respondence took place next day 
between the government and the 
supreme coui t ; tlie result of which 
was, that the former offered, in 
vain, to make an apology for the 
outrage committed against the laws. 
In the mean time. Sir Thomas 
Strange returned to Madias, co- 
lonel Mandeville's person was ren- 
dered sacred, and he returned to 
his own dwelling in the Black 
Town. At the next sessions which 
were held, bills of indictment by 
the grand jury were found against 
the Town Major, die Black Town 
Adjutant, the officer who com- 
manded the party, and two or three 
others, concerned in firing the guns 
at the boat and ship. These per- 
sons all surrendered themselves, 
and pleaded guilty, except the 
Town Major, who did not appear. 
This was on a Saturday, Sir Tho- 
mas Strange declared, tliat if he 
did not surrender himself by Mon- 
day, the law would be put in force 
against him -, that is, tliat he would 
be outlawed. On the Monday, 
liowevcr, he surrendered himself, 
was placed at the bar, and like the 
others pleaded guilty. The court 
having thus establiblied the supre- 
macy of the law, was satisfied with 
imposing the fine of one pagado, 
and dismissed the offending parties 
with an admonition which they will 
probably long remember 5 — and 
liius ended thjs extraordinary affair. 



Lord Clive was at the time it hap* 
pened at Ennore, so that the whole 
responsibility of the transaction 
rested principally upon the Town 
Major. The conduct of the judges 
upon the occasion, has excited the 
admiration and applause of all our 
s«ttlements in India. 

COUNTRY NEWS. 

Delhi. 

June 1st. Mohun Lai related, 
that Buhadee Khan, by the advice, 
and with the assistance of a cer- 
tain European, is raising some 
battalions, and preparing to attack 
the Rajah of Bekaner. 

Shah Nuwaz reported, that the 
inhabitants of the city are surround- 
ing their houses with walls, as a 
protection s^ainst robbers. Such 
is the state of police in the once 
flourishing capital of Hindoostan ! 

3d. Shah Nuwaz Khan observecj, < 
that Muhmood Shah formerly de- 
voted his time to pleasure, now he 
gives audience twice a day j and 
it appears that he has received in- 
telligence of commotions in the 
country of Eeran. 

4tJi. Shah Nuwaz Khan reported, 
that colonel Louis Bourquin, with 
his brigade, has marched towards 
the town of Kumal. 

June 5th. Colonel Bourquin ar- 
rived at Paneeput, was met by the 
wukeels of the rajas Gooro-dut 
Singh of Kurnal, and Bhunga ' 
Singh of Thanesur, who promised 
payment of tlie tribute due to tlie 
Surkar, amounting to 20,000 ru- 
pees. 

7th. Accounts from Lahuor men- 
tion, that on the 25th of May an 
action took place between the 
Ulghans of Rohtas Guth, and run- 
jeet Singh, the chief of Lahuor. 
About 200 men fell on both sides. 
It appears, that colonel Bourquin 

ha» 



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COUNTRY NEWS FOR JUNE, 1803. 



13 



has agreed to receive 18,000 ru- 
pees as the tribute from Kumal. 
He had also demanded from Bhun- 
ga Singh tribute for Thanesur, who 
declined complying on pretence, 
that the muhal in question has 
always been exempted, as being set 
apart for the support of the poor 
znd religious. He is preparing to 
resist the demand by force. 

June 8th. ^^apers from colonel 
Bourquin's camp state, that Bhunga 
Singh and Muhtah Singh, the sikh 
chiefe of Thanesur, are prepared 
to oppose him. 

Dispatches were received from 
the westward, which say, that 
Muhmood Sliah has marched to- 
wards Peshawur. 

Mohun Lai related, on the au- 
(hority of the Wukeel from Um- 
hitsir, that Sahib Singh and Goo- 
roondat Singh, having united their 
forces, have engaged the Ufghans 
of Rohtas Gurh. About five hun- 
dred men were slain and wounded, 
when the Ufgbans fied^ and the 
Sikhs took possession of Wuzee- 
rabad. 

GHUNBE BUHADOOR. 

Camp at Kalivjur, June 6th, 
k body of four or five thousand men 
in theNuwab's service, commanded 
by Raja Ram Dhun, having threat- 
cded to withdraw for want of pay, 
the Nuwab directed that chief to 
give in an exact return of his peo- 
ple, and assured him, that a jaenad 
should be set apart for their sub- 
astence. It does not yet appear 
whether or not they are satisfied 
with this promise, for they still 
threaten to go over to the service of 
the raja of Nagpoor. 

7th. Letters from the rajas of 
Jhansee and Kalpee sute, that 
they are employed in raising troops. 



Himmut Bu&adoor observed, that 
he could raise two lakhs of hors^ 
in fifteen days, provided he were 
supplied with money , without 
which nothing could be done. 

Accounts were received of an 
action bet>^^een the garrison, which 
still holds out in Kalinjur, and the 
Qiludar of Ajeegurh. Many peo- 
ple were killed and wounded, and 
raja Ram Pindaru plundered a vil- 
lage dependent on Ajeegurh. 

June 8th. Raja Ram Dhun ha- 
ving reported his troops ready for 
muster, tl\e Nuwab put it off to 
another day, but in the mean 
time directed his deewan, Bulwunt 
Rao, to assign a jaedad for their 
support. 

10th. Accounts being received 
that the garrison of Kalingjur have 
destroyed a certain village, and 
killed several people, the Nuwab 
directed Kowur Ootumgir to take 
charge of the trenches before the 
fort, and keep a strict guard over 
them. 

JYPOOR. 

June 3d. Accounts were re- 
ceived, that the raja of Bekaner 
has obtained a victory over the raja 
of Bhawulpoor, levied large con- 
tributions, and reduced several 
muhuls under his own dominion. 

DIHLEE. 

June t5th. Shah Nuwaz Khan 
reported, that the brigade of colo- 
nd George Hessing has marched 
to the southward. 

Mohun Lai related, that the 
sikh chiefs Lai Singh and Gooroo- 
dut Singh waited on colonel Bour- 
quin ', but the other surdars have 
refused to obey his summons. 

To day being the last Wednes- 
day* of the month Suftir, his ma- 
jesty, according to custom, distri- 
buted enamelled ruigs of gold and 



siver, 

• Tli« prophet Afoe£imumr</ having laboured under a dangerous distemper in the 

month of Sufur, performed the usual ablutions after recovery, on the last Wed- 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, J804- 



tiver, for his excellency the Gover- 
nor-general^ for colonel Collins, 
Muharaja Duolut Rao Scindeah, 
Mirza Ukbur Shah, general Perron, 
Mr.Drudgen, and the Begums. 

Mohun Lai related, that the 
laja Sahib Singh, of .Puteeala, hav- 
ing left his own wukeel and the 
wukeel of general Perron, with 
Runjeet Singh, the chief of Lahuor^ 
has returned to Puteeala. 

GHUNBB BUHADOOR. 

June I5th and 18th. TheNuwab 
sent for raja Ram Dhan, and gave 
him the command of the trenches 
against Kalinjur. 

Accounts were received of a 
skirmish with the besieged, who 
were driven back into the fort, 
with the loss of seven men on their 
side, and twelve on that of the 
Nuwab. 

DIHLBE. 

June 25. — Shall Nuwaz Khan 
reported, that Muhmood Shah is 
in Kahool ; but the disturbances, 
which had taken place to the west- 
ward, are not yet appeased. 

The raja of Puteealu, is at pre- 
sent at Umrut Sur on some bu- 
siness. 

OHUNEE BUHADOOR. 

June 25. Accounts were re- 
ceived that raja !Soonee Sahee hav- 
ing plundered some villages belong- 
ing to tlie raja of Churkuharee, the 
latter has marched in order to chas- 
tise him. 

The Nuwab sent Hajee Sahib 
and Nujm ood deen to mefet the 
Nuwab Shumsher Bahndoor. 

The gariison of Kalinjur made 
a sally, but were repulsed. 



DIHLBB. 

June 26. General Perron has 
directed colonel Bourquin to can- 
ton at Paneeput. 

28. Mohun Lai related, that 
the chiefs of the Sikhs have joined 
colonel Bourquin. 

July I . Shah Nuwaz Khan re- 
lated, that Runjeet Singh, the chief 
of Lahuor, has been imprisoned by 
Ruttun Singh, who has rebelled 
against his relation and sovereign, 
Goolah Singh, of Umrut Sur. 
Muhmood Shah is in Kabod, and 
tlie prince Kamrant is in Qundhar. 
Quesur and Shoojaookmoolk are 
as usual encamped in the vicinity 
of Qundhar, and excite much com- 
motion. 

GHUNEB BUAHADOOR. 

June 24. The garrison made a 
sally from Kalinjur, but were re- 
pulsed by the Nuwab's cavalry. 

JYPOOR. 

June 25. The raja directed Rae 
Chund to march to the Purgunnus 
of Tonk and Rampoora, and gar- 
rison those places i to take with 
him the detachment of Jeewun 
Chelu, and to repel Zalim Singh 
Kota, should he presume to invade 
the territories of the Surkar. 

27. Rae Chund, with his infentry, 
cavalry, and guns, marched towards 
Tonk. 

28. The raja observed, that this 
this year the rains to all appearance 
will be scanty ; and the dealers 
have raised the price of grain. He 
therefore ordered a proclamation to 
be made in the Bazar, that who- 
ever shall raise the price of grain 
shall have his nose and ears cut off. 

Bengal* 



nesdaj of that month. On thu account, that day is celebrated as a festival among 
the Moosulmans 'I'hey write on two pieces of plahtain leaf, sentences containing 
the praises of God, of the saints, and prophet. Each of these inscriptions it 
immediately washed off in a separate portion of water. One portion they use 
to bathe with, and they drink the other. They also distribute, among their friends, 
rings which have been previously waalied in tuis consecrated water. 



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BENGAL OCCUURENCES, FOR JULY, 1803. 



15 



Bengal. Occurrences for JvLY, 1803. 



Royal Military Coljegc, July 25. 1803. 

On Tuesday ^e 29th of March, 
being the day appointed by his ex- 
cellency the visitor for the public 
disputation in the oriental lan- 
guages, the governors, officers, 
professors, and students of tlie 
college assembled at nine o'clock 
at the new government-house. 

At a litSe before ten his excel- 
lency the visitor, accompanied by 
the honorable tlie chief justice, the 
members of tlie supreme council of 
the college, and the officers of his 
excellency's suite, entered the 
southern room on the marble floor, 
and took his seat at the west end 
of the room. 

In front of his excellency, seats 
were placed for the professors, and 
for such students as were to main- 
tain the disputations, or to receive 
prizes and honorary rewards. 

As soon as hts excellency had 
taken his seat, the disputations com- 
menced in the following order. 

DISPUTATION. 

In the Persian language. 

Position — **■ The natives of India under 
•* the British government, enjoy a 
•* greater degree of tranquillity, se- 
** curity, and happiness, than under 
*• any former government.'* 

Defended by Mr. Jenkins, Bombay. 
Chief opponent, T. Hamilton, Ma- 
dras. 
Second opponent, J. Wauchope, 

Moderator, Lieutenant J.Baillie, Prof. 

DISPUTATICN. 

In the Htndustanee Language. 

Position—** The suicide of Hindu wi- 
" dows by burning themselves with 
** the bodies of their deceased hus- 
" bands, is a practice repugnant to 
'* the natural feelings, and incon- 
" sistent with moral duty." 

Defended by Mr. W. Chaplin, Madras, 
chief opponent, R- T. Goodwin, Bom- 
bav ; second opponent R. C. Ross, 
Madras. ' • 

Moderator,- J. Gilchriit, esq. Prof. 



DISPUTATION. 

In the Ben^lee language. 
Position — ** The distribution of Hindus 

** into casts, retards their progress 

<* in improvement." 
Defended by Mr. J. Hunter. 

Chief opponent, W. B. Martin. 

Second opponent, W. Morton. 
Moderator, W. C. Blaqueire,esq. 

Declamations. 

In the Arabic language, were pro- 
nounced by 
Mr. R. Jenkins, and Mr. Wood. 

At the conclusion of the disputa- 
tions in the Persian, Hindustanee, 
and Bengalee languages, an appro- 
priate speech, in the language of 
the disputation was made by the 
respective moderators. 

At the conclusion of the decla- 
mations in the Arabic language, 
. Lieutenant Baillie, the professor of 
Arabic, delivered a speech in that 
language. 

When the disputations and the 
Arabic declamations and speeches 
were concluded, his excellency 
signified to the officers of the col- 
lege, his directions that the prizes 
and honorary rewards should be 
distributed in his presence, on the 
ensuing day. His excellency also 
notified his intention to confer the 
degree of honor established by the 
statutes, on several students, whom 
he had directed the council of the 
college to present to him, for that 
purpose. 

On Wednesday, the 30lh March, 
his excellency the visitor entered 
the room about half past eleven 
o'clock, accompanied by the ho- 
nourable the chief justice, the 
members of the supreme council, 
the members of the council of the 
college, and the officers of his ex- 
cellency's suite. 

A$ 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, iS04. 



As soon as the visitor had taken 
his seat, the vice provost proceeded 
to present to his excellency, those 
students who were entitled under 
statue vni, to receive degrees of 
honor, and whose presentation had 
been previoasly directed by his 
excellency. The vice provost pub- 
licly read the certificate granted by 
the council of the college to each 
students respectively, specifying the 
high proficiency which he had made 
in the Oriental languages, and also 
the regularity of his conduct du- 
ring his residence at college. When 
the certificate had been read, his 
excellency the visitor presented to 
each student the honorary diploma 
inscribed on vellum, in tlie orien- 
tal character; purporting that the 
committee oi public • examination 
having declared that the student 
had made such proficiency in 
certain oif the Oriental languages 
as entitled him to a degree of ho- 
nor in the same, his excellency 
was pleased to confer the said de- 
gree, in conformity to the statute. 

The students now leaving col- 
lege, on whom his excellency wa^ 
pleased to confer a degree of honor 
on this occasion, were, 

Mr. William Butterworth Bayley, of 
the establishment of Bengal. 

Mr. Richard Jenkins, of the establish- 
ment of Bombay. 

Mr. William Bvam Martin, of the esta- 
blishment ot Bengal. 

Mr. Terrick Hamilton, of the establish- 
ment of Fort St. George. 

Mr. Edward Wood, of the establishment 
of Fort St. George ; and, 

Mr. Richard Thomas Goodwin, of the 
establishment of Bombay. 
At the same time, a degree of 

honor was conferred on the follow- 
ing students of last year 5 

Mr. Jonathan Henry Lovctt, of the 
establishment of Bombay; and Mr. 
Charles Lloyd, of the establishment 
of Bengal. 



After the degrees of honor had 
been conferred, the prizes, medals, . 
and honorary rewards adjudged at 
the late public examination were 
distributed by the provost, in pre- 
sence of the visitor, to the follow* 
students : 

Messrs. Jenkins, Martm, Chaplin, Ha- 
milton, Wood, Goodwin, Hunter, 
Waochope, Ross, Morton, Komer, 
Gowan, Newnham, Sprott, fiourchser. 
Sparrow, Elliott, Cole, Puller, Wal- 
ker, Plowden, and Tumbull. 
The particular prizes adjudged to 
each will be found in the annexed 
reports. 

After the prizes and honorary 
rewards had been distributed, his 
excellency the visitor was pleased 
to deliver the following speech ; 

Gentlemen of the College of Fort 
WiUiam, 

From the foundation of this 
college to the present time, the state 
of political anairs has not permitted 
me to discharge the grateful dut)r 
of presiding at your public ex«-ci- 
8es3 my attention, however, has not 
been withdrawn ^om tlie progress, 
interests, and conduct of this insti* 
tulion. The principles on which 
this institution is founded, the spi- 
rit which it is designed to diffusej 
and the purposes which it is calcu- 
lated to accomphsh, must enhance 
the importance of its success, in 
proportion to the exigence of every 
public crisis, and to the progressive 
magnitude, power and glory of this 
empire. 

In the difficulties and dangers of 
successive wars, in the most cri- 
tical juncture of arduous negotia- 
tions, in the settlement of con- 
quered and ceded provinces, in the 
time of returning peace, attended 
by the extension of our trade, by 
tlie augmentation of our revenue, 
and by the restoration of public 
credit, I have contemplated this 
institution 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR JULY, 1801. 



17 



ifistitadoD with con9ck>i2S satisfac- 
tion and with confident hope. Ob- 
serving your aaspicioQS progress, 
under the salutary operation of the 
statutes and rules of the college, I 
have anticipated the stability of all 
our acquisitions, and the security 
and improrenient of every advan- 
tage which we possess. 
From this source, the service 

' may now derive an abundant regu- 
lar supply of public officers, duly 
qualified to become the successful 
instruinents of administering this 
government in all its extensive and 
complicated branches ; of promo- 
ting its energy in war j of culti- 
vating and enlarging its resources 
in peace -, of maintaining, in honor 
and respect » its external relations 
with the native powers; and of 
establishing (under a just and be- 
nignant K3(rstem of internal adminis- 
tration) the prosperity of our finan- 

^ ces and commerce, on the solid 
foundations of the affluence, hap- 
piness, and confidence of a con- 
tented and grateful people. 

These were the original purposes 
of this foundation, ^ich was des- 
tined to aid and animate the efforts 
of diligence and natural genius, 
contending with the defects of ex- 
isting establishments; to remove 
every obstacle to the progress of 
the public servants in attaining the 
qualifications requisite for their 
respective stations; to enlarge and 
to facilitate the means of acquiring 
usefiil knowledge ; and to secure 
hy systematic education, fixed re- 
gulation, and efficient discipline, 
diat attention to a due course of 
study, which had hitherto depeiided 
on individual disposition, or acci- 
dental advantage. 

The necessity of providing such 
a system of education was not di- 
nnnished by the numerous instances 
existing in the Coropanv's service, 

t 



of eminent Oriental lear^iing, and 
o( high qualification for public 
duty. A wise and provident go- 
vernment will not rest the public 
security for the due administration 
of affairs, on the merits of any 
number or description of its public 
officers at any period of time. It 
is the duty of government to endea- 
vour t9 perpetuate tlie prosperity 
of the state by an uniform system 
of public institution ; and by per- 
manent and established law, to 
transmit, to future times, whatever 
benefits can be derived from pre- 
sent examples of wisdom, virtue, 
and learning* The supposition of 
an universal deficiency in that 
knowledge, which this coUege is 
calculated to extend, has never 
constituted a fundamental principle ' 
of the institution. Far from rest- 
ing on such foundations, this insti- 
tutibn could not have endured for 
an hour, it could not have com- 
menced, without the active aid of 
learning, talents, and virtues fur- 
nished from the bosom of this 
service. 

llie origin of this college, its 
present prosperity, and its benefi- 
cial efifects, are to be ascribed, in a 
great degree, to the assistance 
which I have derived from those 
respectable characters in the higher 
branches, and in various depart- 
ments of the service, who by con- 
tributing their zealous exertions to 
promote the success of the institu- 
tion, have endeavoured to extend 
the benefit of their useful acqui- 
sitions and of their salutary exam- 
ple, and to continue in the public 
service a succession of merit simi- 
lar to that, which has distinguished 
their conduct in their respective 
stations. 

With these sentiments, during 
my absence from the presidency, 
it was highly sallfactory to nie, 
B tl)at 



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18 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTEB, 1S04 



tliat my authority in this college 
sliculd have been represented by ^ 
gentleman, who is peculiarly qua- 
lified to appreciate the advantages 
c^ the institution^ and to accelerate 
its success} and whose eminent 
character, and honorable progress 
hi the service, furnish at once the 
most perfect example, which can 
be proposed for your imitation, mid 
the most powerful incitement, 
which can be offered to your am- 
bition. 

The report which I received from 
Mr. Barlow, of the progress of the 
institution, during the first year of 
its operation, satisfied me, that 
many of the students had been con- 
siderably distinguished, not only by 
pfoficiency in the Oriental lan- 
guages and literature, but by a 
laudable observance of the statutes 
and rules of the college ; that the 
<^cers, professors and teachers, 
had manifested an uniform zeal and 
attention in the discharge of their 
respective duties ; that the public 
examinations had been conducted 
with great knowledge and ability, 
and had proved highly creditable to 
the general character of tlie studentsj 
while the disputations in the Persian, 
Bengalee, and Hindoostanee lan- 
guages, had afforded an extraordi- 
nary example of the progress of 
the students, who had maintained 
public arguments in those Lan- 
guages on the tith of Eebruary, 
1802., 

The result of the examination 
holden in i^puary last, at the con- 
clusion of^e foiuth term of the 
y^ar 1802, and the public disputa- 
tions which liave been maintained 
in my presence, have afforded me 
the cordial satisfaction of witness- 
ing the progressive improvement 
of the students in every branch of 
Oriental language and literature, 
in which lectures have been opened. 



I am happy to observe, that in the 
Persian, Hindiistanee, and Arabic 
classes, the comparative proficiency 
at the last examination exceeds 
that which appeared on the 6th of 
February, 1802. In the Bengalee 
language, a considerable proficiency^ 
has been manifested. In the course 
of the last year, a commencement 
has been made in the study of the 
Tamol and Sanscrit language, and 
the great improvement of the atn- 
dents in the Arabic languages, has 
been nmdered particularly conspi- 
cuous by the declamations in that 
language, holden, for the first time, 
on this occasion. 

The degrees of honor which I 
have conferred this day on 

M. W. Butterworth Bay ley, 

Mr. Richard Jenkint, 

Mr. W. Byam Martin, 

Mr. Terrick Hamilton, 

Mr. Terrick Hamilton, 

Mr. William Chaplin, 

Mr. Edward Wood, 

Mr. Richard Thomas Goodwin, 

Mr. Jonathan Henry Lovett, and 

Mr. Charies Lloyd, 

sufficiently indicate, that the pro- 
ficiency which * has been made ki 
Oriental literature, has been inti- 
mately connected with other liberal 
attainments, and has been united 
to a correct observance of the sta- 
tutes and rules of the college. 

Considerable force and animation 
have been derived to the principles 
of the institution, fi'om the honour- 
able emulation which has existed 
between the students of the differ- 
ent establishments assembled at 
Fort William. 

I have experienced sincere plea* 
sure in witnessing the exampiet of 
merit, which have appeared among 
the students from Fort St. George 
and Bombay, as well as amcmg 
those of this establishment; but 
those of Fort St. George and Bom- 
bay, have furnished numerous in- 
stances 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR JULY, 1803. 



19 



itaoces of extensive knowledge and 
useful talents, of the most laudable 
mdostry, and of the purest princi- 
ples of integrity and honour, ac- 
r'ned, formed, or confirmed, un- 
this institntion. J entertain a 
confident hope, that their future 
course in the public service, will 
justify nw present approbation, and 
will confirm the happy promises of 
Iheir education. The conduct of 
the geademen now departing for 
Fort St Geofge and Bombay merits 
mj roost cordial commendation. 
They will communicate to their 
respective presidencies, the full 
benefit of these useful and honour- 
able qualifications which must for 
ever render their names respectable 
in this settlement, and must inspire 
this service with a peculiar interest 
io th^r future progress and success. 

It has been a principal object of 
iny attention, to consolidate the 
interests and resources of the tliree 
presidencies 5 to promote in each 
of them, a common spirit qf at- 
tachment to their mutual prospe- 
rity and honour; to assimilate 
their principles, views, and systems 
of government; and to unite the 
co-operation of tlieir respective 
powers in the common cause, by 
such means as might facilitate the 
administration of this extensive 
empire, in the bauds of the su- 
preme government. May those 
gentlemen, now departing for the 
subordinate presidencies, accom- 
panied by the applause and affec- 
tions of this society remember, 
widi reverence and attachment, die 
source whence they have derived 
the first priijciples of instruction in 
die duties of that service, which 
they are qualified to adorn ! 

My most sincere acknowledge- 
ments are o^red to the learned 
gentlemen, wh^ have assisted at 
the examinations, and who have 

t B 



discliarged the duty of profbssors 
and teachers in the several depart* 
ments. 

Their knowledge, talents, and 
skill, can be equalled only by the 
indefatigable zeal, industry, and 
happy success with which they have 
promoted the object of this insti- 
tution. The assiduity and learn- 
ing of these gentlemen have pro- 
duced many able and useful works 
in Oriental languages and litera- 
ture, which have been published 
since the commencement of the 
institution, and* which have acce- 
lerated its beneficial effects 5 conti- 
nuations of these works are now 
in a state of considerable progress ; 
and many additional works of a si- 
milar description are actually pre- 
pared for publication. The profes- 
sors and teachers of the Persian* 
Arabic, Hindustanee, Bengalee, 
Sanscrit, and Tamul languages^ 
are now diligently employed in 
composing grammars and diction- 
aries, and in preparing translations 
and compilations for die use of the 
students in their respective depart- 
ments. The operation of diese 
useful labours will not be confined 
to the limits of this institution, or 
of this empire. Such works tend 
to promote the general difiusion of 
Oriental literature and knowlege in 
every quarter of the globe, by faci- 
litating the means of access to the 
elementary study of the principal 
languages of the East. The exer- 
tions of the professors have re- 
ceived considerable aid from the 
numerous body of learned natives 
attached to tlie institution ; and the 
labours of those learned persons 
have also contributed to increase 
the general stock of Oriental know- 
ledge. 

Reviewing all these circumstan- 
ces, and considering the industry 
and ability manifested by the pro- 
2 , fessors 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



fessors and teachers; the success- 
ful advancement which has already 
been effected in the general exten- 
tion of the most useful, practical, 
and necessary branches of Oriental 
learning -, the progressive improve- 
ment manifested by the students in 
every class of their prescribed stu- 
dies; the frequent instances, at- 
tested by the puWic certificates, of 
laudable and exemplary attention 
to die discipline, statutes, and rules 
of the college j and the supply of 
highly qualified public officers^ 
which the service has actually de- 
rived from this institution, added to 
the number of those, who proceed 
on tliis day to apply tlie attainments 
acquired in this college to the be- 
nefit of the company and of the na- 
tion ; It is my duty to declare in 
the most public and solemn man- 
ner, that this institution has ans- 
wered my most sanguine hopes 
and expectations ; tliat its benefi- 
cial operation has justified the prin- 
ciples of its original foundation j 
and that the administration and 
disc'.pline of the college have been 
conducted witli honor and credit to 
the character and spirit of the in- 
stitution, and with great advantage 
to the public service. 

His excellency then returned to 
his apartments, attended . by liis 
suite. 

In the evening, a grand dinner 
was given to the officers and stu- 
dents of the college, by his excel- 
lency, at the government house; 
at which were present, thie honour- 
able the chief justice, the members 
of the supreme council, and all 
the principal civil and military 
officers at the presidency. 

REPORT OF THE PUBLIC EXAMI- 
NATION, IN JANUARY, 1803, 

Persic. 
I Jenkins, Ut prize, Bombay. 



S Hamilton, Sd prize, Madm^ 

S Wauchope, Sd prize, 

4 Wood, 4th prize, Madras, 

5 Chaplin, Mad. 11 Perry, 

6 Keene, Madras, 12 Ross, Madras, 

7 Goodwin, Bom. 13 Romer, Bombay. 

8 Dumbleton, 14 Puller, 

9 Oliver, 15 Bourehiery Bom. 
10 Ewer, 

SECOND CLASS. 

16 Martin, SORowles, Bora. 

17 Sparrow, Bom. 21 Hunter, 

18 Pechell, 22 Paton, 

19 Newnham, Mad.23 Tod, senior, 

THIRD CLASS. 

24 Money, 32 Lushington, 

25 Morton, S3 Morrieson, 

26 Long, Madras^ 34 Sanders, Mad. 

27 Agar, Bombay, 35 Walker, 

28 Gowan, S6 Hayes, 

29 Plowden, senior, 37 Cuttis, 

SO Plowden, junior, 38 Peter, Madras. 
31 Crigle, Bombay. 

FOURTH CLASS. 



39 Morieson, Bom. 

40 Imprey, E. 

41 Steadman, Bom. 

42 Watson, 

43 Fleming, 

44 Vaughan, 

45 Imprey, H. 

46 Gordon, 

Messrs, 



47 Liell, 

48 Tod, junior, 

49 Digby, 

50 Batson, 

51 Rattray, 

52 Shakespear, W. 
O. Madras, 

53 Maidman,Mad. 
', Maconochie, Lawrence 



-nett, absent from the 



Bird, and 
examination. 

Hindustanee. 

1 Chaplin, Ist prize, Madras, 

2 Jenkins, 2d prize, Bombay, 

3 Martin, Sd prize, 

4 Goodwin, 4th prize, Bombay. 

5 Romer, Bombay, 12 Walker, 

6 Ross, Madras, 13 Newnham, Ma. 

7 Dumbleton, 14 Bourchier^Bom 

8 Wood, Madras, 15 Elliott, 

9 Hunter, senidr, 16 Chishofme, 

10 Gowan, 17 Swinton, 

1 1 Hamilton, Mad. 

SECOND CLASS. 

18 Ewer, 24 Tod, teaior, 

19 Morrieson, 25'Ag^r, Bombay, 

20 Cole, A. Hon. Ms. 26 Shakespear,! T 

21 Spottiswood, Ms. 27 Littledale, 

22 Plowden, junior, 28 Eraser. 

23 Russell, 

THIRD CLASS. 

2f> Shakespear, H. 31 Watsoiv 
30 Scott, T. C. 32 Liell, 

S3 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES, FOR JULY, 1303. 



21 



83 Scott, D. 
d4Tunibal|, 
SSP^eU, 
36 Patau, 
SYSprott, 



S8 Maijoribauks, 

39 Garder, £. hon. 

40 Mainwaring;, 

41 Moriioxi, &m, 

42 Sparrow, Bom. 



FOURTH CLASS. 

43BarweIl, 52 Moore, 

44Higgm8on, Mad. 53 Tod, junior, 

45 Gaxdincr, C. W. 54 Salter, 

46 Smith Bombay, 55 Digb] 



47Gonoii, 

48 Martin, R. C. 

49Robtnioii, 

50 Steer, 

51 Alexander, 



56 Grindall, 

57 Shaw, 

58 DaweSjMadras, 

59 Bennett, 

60 Hunter, junior. 



jirahic, 

1 Jenkins, Ist prize, Bombay, 

2 Wood, Sd prize, Madras, 

3 Hamilton, Sd prize, Madras. 

SECOND CLASS. 

4 Dumbleton, 7 Keene, Mad. 

5 Wauchope, 8 Goodwin, Bom. 

6 Oliver, Madras, 9 Long, Madras. 

THIHD CLASS. 

10 Chaplin, Mad. 13 Perrj, 

11 Ross, Madras. 14 Romer, Bom. 

12 Bourchier, Bom. 15 Plowden, sen. 

Bengalee. * 

I Martin, Ist prize. 5 Gorton, 
S Hunter, 2d prize. 6 Dumbleton. 

3 Morton, Sd prize. 7 Cliisholme, 

4 Paton. 

SECOND CLASS. 

8 Morrieson, 1 1 Digby. 

9 Pechell, 22 Plowden. 
10 Fleming, 

TamuL 

1 Newnham, prize, Madras. 

2 Hamilton, Mad. S Saunders, Ms. 

Sanscrit, 
1 Gowan, prize, 2 Martin, 

Persia' Writing, 

1 Morton, 1st prize, 

2 Goodwin, 2d prize, Bombay. 

3 Swinton, 9 Oliver, Madras, 

4 Long, Madras, 10 TurnbuU, 

5 Morrieson, 1 1 Keene, Madras. 

6 Paton, 12 Walker, 

7 Wood, Madras, 13 Ross, Madras, 

8 Wauchope, 

Nagree Writing, 

1 Hunter, senior, 1st prize. 

2 Goodwin, 2d prize, Bombay. 

3 Manin, 5 Shakespear, J.T. 

4 Romer, Bona. 6 Plowden, jua. 



Bengalee Writing, 

1 Martin, 1st prize, 3 Mortop, 

2 Hunter,sen.2dpz. 4 Shakespear, J.T. 

PRIZES AND HONORARY 
REWARDS. 
Adjudged at the Public Kiaminarion, ia 
January, 1803. 

Languages, 

YCasiC LANGUAOC. 

To Mr. R. Jenkins, Bombay, me- Rs,. 

dal, and 1500 

Mr. T. Hamilton, Madras, medal, 

and 1000 

Mr. J . Wauchope, medal, and 500 

Mr. £. Wood, Madras, medaL 

HINDUSTANEE LANGUAGE. 

Mr. W. Chaplin, Madras, medal, 
and -. 1500 

Mr. R. Jenkins, Bombay, medal, 
and \ 1000 

Mr. W. B. Martin, medal, and ... 500 

Mr. R. T. Goodwin, Bom medaL 

AEABIC LANGUAGE. 

Mr. R Jenkins, Bombay, medal, 

and 1500 

Mr. Wood, Madras, medal, and 1000 
Mr . T. Hamilton, Madras, medal. 

BENGALEE LANGUAGE. 

Mr. W. B. Martin, medal, and... 1500 

Mr. J. Hunter, medal, and 1000 

Mr. W. Morton, medal. 

SANSCRIT LANGUAGE. 

Mr. C. Gowan, medal. 

TAMUL LANGUAGE. 

Mr. T. Newnham, Madras, medal. 
Writing, 

PERSIC CHARACTER. 

Mr. W. Morton, medal, and 1000 

Mr. R. T. Goodwin, Bom. medal. 

NAGREE CHARACTER. 

Mr. J. Hunter, medal, and 1000 

Mr. R T. Goodwin, Bom. medal 

BENGALEE CHARACTER. 

Mr. W B. Martin, medal, and lOCO 

Mr. J. Hunter, medal. 

Medals of Merit awarded ai the 

quarterly Examinations in 1802 

were presented the following 

students, . 

Mr. J. B. Elliott, Hindustanee, 
"Mx. H Pu'ler, Perric, 
Mr. M. H. Turnbull, Hindustanee^ 
Mr, T. C. Plowden, Persic. 
Hon. A. Cole, Hindustanee, 
Mr. J. Romer, Persic, 
1-8 3 



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21 ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 

Mr. R. C. Rom, Penini, 'ORT fx. oiomci, 

Mr. J. Walker, Hinduttaoee. j^,, T. Hamilton, degree of honor ta 

EnsBsh Composition. the Perric rod Arabic language 

*-^»6"* r Mr. W. Chaplm ; degree of honorin 

BctAT or riRiT TEWi OF 1802. jjj^ Hiodustanee Unguage. 

" On the Mahomcfbn conquests ^ Mr. E. Wood ; d^ee of honor la 

« in India ; the periods at which the Persian apd Arabic language.. 

" they took place in different parts L^^**i^''!L^fH«„,v,rm 

" of 'HindusL and the D«.an : .,,^p^„t J^.^I^ST^^ 

'* and the principal arcumstanccs g^agcs. 

" attending them." Mr. R. T. Goodwin ; Degree of 

1 Mr. J. Sprott, medal, and R». 1000 Honour in the Hindustance language. 

^ ^*' i. ^^"^ m""* ^?!?T "^*^' At the same time D^rees of 

\ ^^liewXSLTiST' Honour were conferred on the fol- 

. -,^«ian ,.r.i* lowing Students of last year: 

(S8AT OW SECOND TIRM. ^ r « ' 

" On the Mahomedan govern- Mr. J. H.Lovctt; Degree of Honor 

'' ment in India, and the time of jn^thc Persian, Hindustancc, and Arabic 

" its greatest prosperity; its instim- ^"]gi"?a Lloyd ; Degree of Honor in 

'* tion and administration." t},c Persian, Hindustancc and Arabic ian- 

1 Mr. T. Nfewnham ; Madras, and 1000 guagcs. 

ES8AT or THIRD TERM. HonoHiry Reward of Books ad* 

•' On the custom of Hindu wo- judged to the following Students 

*' men burning themselves on the ^q^ leaving the College, profi- 

" decease of their husbands." ^|gjjt in the Greek and Latin Clas- 

1 Mr. W.Chaplin, Madras, me- sics,' or modern languages. 

dal, and «•••• Iw^ , 

S Mr.T. Newnham, Madras. c lassiCS. 

S Mr J. Sprott, Mr. W. B. Bayley, 

4 Mr. R. C Ross, Madras. Mr. W. B. Martin. 

. ^— ^ Mr. S. Bourchicr, Bombay^ 

ESSAT or FOURTH TERM. ^^ ^ .^^^^ 'Bomhqjf, 

" On the restoration of Learning Mr. J. J- Sparrow, B^mlnty^ 

•• in the East." Mr. T . liamilton. M^w/w, 

,, , . , Mr. E. Wood, ilf^^rtf/, 

1 Mr. C. Cross, Madras, medal, j^^ j^ q ^^^^^ Madras, 

Rnd VV Mr. W. Chaplin, Madras. 

5 Mr. C. Gowan, medal ' « ^. 

iMr.W.CMaVtin, ^ ^ r ^"'"ill^^Xr^ '• 

4 M. I. Rowles, Bombay. Mr. R. C. Robs, Madras, 

Tw-isnrott . Mr. W.Chaphn, ^///o, 

5 Mr. I. Sprott,... ^^ ^ Newnham, ditto. 

Degrees of honor, for high pro- i^t, J. Romer, Bombay, 

ficiency in the Oriental languages, Mr. E. Wood, Madras, 

conferred by his excellency the 

most noble marquis Wcllesley, vi- StudenU now leaving College to 

titor of the college of Fort William, enter on the Public Service, classed 

on the following students now leav- in tlie order oi general proficiency, 

ing college : fresidkncy oi- be.ntai.. 

■BNOAL. 1- Mr. W. B. Ba) ley. Degree of Honor 

Mr W. B. Bayley ; degree of honor in four languages, viz. ihc Pcr>ic, Hin- 

in the Persic, Hindu^tanee, Bengalee, du stance, Bengalee and Arabic. 

and Aiabic languages. Held public disputotion last year in the 

Mr W.B Martin; degree of honor HindUiUnec and Bengalee iaogua|ics. 

in the BcngJec and Hmdusianee Ian- Thesis in the Hiudusiancc language 

r«««- pubbhedlastyear. ^^^^^ 



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BiaSGAL OCCURRENCES FOR JULY, 1803. 



23 



Hodorary Reward m Classics, Greek 

and Laiin. 
2. Mr. VJ, B. Martin, Degree in two 

languages, viz. the Bengali and Hin* 

dustancc. 

Second in the Sanscrit language ; and 

sixtccntb in ihe Persic. 

Held two public Disputationt in the 

Bengalee language. 

Thesis io the Bengalee bnguage pub- 
lished. 

Prize in Bengalee writing this year. 

Third in Nagrcc writing. Prize ^ssav 

last 3fear» Other Essays published. 

Honorary Reward in Classics, Greek 

and Latin. 
3- Mr. H. Dumbleton, foonh in the 

Arabic language ; sixth in Bengalee, 

seventh in Hindustanee, and eighth in 

Persic. 

First prize in Persic writing last year. 

4. Mr. 1. Hunter, second in the Ben- 
galee language; ninth in Hindus- 
tanee, and twenty-first in the Persic. 
First prize in Nagree writing, and 
second prise in Bengalee writing. * 
Held a public disputation in Ben- 
galee, this year. 

5. Mr. W. Morton, third in the Ben- 
galee lan|;uage; add in the third 
class Persic. 

First prize in Persic writing this 

▼ear ; first prize in Nap;ree writing 

last year ; and third m Bengalee 

writing. 

Held Bengalee disputation this year. 

6. Mr. C. Cisholme, seventh in the Hin- 
dustanee language : and seventh in 
the Bengalee. « 

7. Mr. D. Morneson, in second class 
Hindusti^nee, in third ..class Persic, 
and in second class Bengalee. 
Fifth in Persic writing. 

8. Mr. P. W. Pechell, in second class 

Persian, in third class Hindustanee, 
- and in second class Bengalee.^ 

9. Mr. W. Paton, in second class Per- 

sian,^ in third class HindHstaoee, 
and in first class Bengalee. Sixth in 
Persic writing. 

10. Mr. R. C. Biowdeo, in third class 
Persic, in third class Arabic, and 
in second class Bengalee. 

11. Mr. W M. Fleming, and in second 
class Bengalee. 

PRES1D£NCY OF FORT ST. 
GEORGE. 

1. Mr. T. Hamilton, degree of honor 
in two languages; the Persic sod 
Arabic. f g 



Second in the Tamul language, and 
clevcsuh in the Hindustanee. 
Held a disputation in ihe Persic Ian- 
language this year. Prize Essay last 
year. 

Hbnoraiy reward in Classics, Greek and 
L^tin. 

2. Mr. W. Chaplin, degree of honour 
in the Hindustanee language, fifth in 
Persic, and tenth in Amoic. 

Held a disputation in the Hindustanee 
language ibis year. 
Prize essay this year. 
Honorary reward in I^rin Classics. 
Honorary reward in the French lan- 
guage. 

3. Mr. Wood, degree of hon5r in two 
languages, viz. the Persic and Arabic. 
£tghth in the Hindustanee language. 
Seventh in Persian writing. 
Declamation in Arabic this year. 

P. ize Essay last year. 
Honorary rewara in Latin classics. 
Honorary reward in the French lan- 
guage. 

4. Mr. R. C. Ros, sixth in the Hindus- 
tanee language, twelfth in Persic, and 
eleventh m Arabic. Held a dispua- 
tion in the Hindustanee bnguage this 

Prize essay this year. 
Honorary reward in Latin classics. 
Hoooraiy reward in the French lan- 
guage. 

5. Mr. T. Newnham, first in the Tamul 
language, thirteenth in Hindustanee, 
ananineteenth in Persic. 

Prize Essay this year. Essay published 

last year. 

Honorary reward in the French lan- 

J?"age. 

6. Mr. J. Long, in second class Arabic, 
and in third class Persic. Fourth in 
Persic writing. 

7. Mr.C Higginsoo, in fourth class Hin- 
dustanee. 



PRESIDENCY OF BOMBAY. 

1* Mr. R. Jenkins, degree of honor in 

three languages; viz. the Persic, Hin* 

doostanee, and Arabic. 

Held disputation in the Persic lan- 

jfuage this year. 

Declamation in Arabic this year; 

Honorary rewards in classics Greek 

and Latin. 
2. Mr. T. Goodwin, degree of honor in 

the Hindoostanee language: first in 

the Arabic; and seventh in the Persic. 
A Held 



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24 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, li04. 



Held Hinduitanee difputatkm tbU 
year. 

Obtained second prize in Persic 
writing, a|i^ second prize in Nagree 
writing. > 

S. Mr. I. Romer» first in the Hindusta- 
nee language; thirteenth in PcrsiCy 
and fourteenth in Arabic. 
Fourth in Nagree writing. 
Prize ^ssay this year. 
HoDorary reward in the French Ian* 

4. Mr. S. Bouchier, fourteenth in the 
Hindustanec language, fifteenth in 
Persic, and twelfth in Arabic. 
Honorary rewards in classics, Greek 
and Latin. 

5. Mr. J. J. SoiUTOw, in second class 
Persic, and in third class Hindus- 
tanee. 

Honorary rewards in classics, Gredc 
and Latin. 

6. Mr. H. Agar, in second class Hin- 
dustanee, and.in third class Persic. 

7. Mr. 1. Morison in third class Hindus- 
tanec, and in fourth class Persic. 

6. Mr. Craigie, in third class Persic. 

9. Mr. G. Smith, in fourth class Hindus- 
tanec. 

10 Mr. W. Steadman, in fourth class 
Persic. 



REPORT OF THE PUBLIC BXAMINA? 
TIOI^, IN JULY 1803. 

Persian. 

FiaST CLASS. 

1 Swinton, 3 Wauchope, 

2 Oliver, ' 4 Keone. 

SECOND CLASS. 

5 Perry, 7 Romer, 

6 Exvcr, 8 Puller. 

TBiaO CLASS. 

9 Saunders, 11 Rowles, 

10 Walker, 12 Money. 

POURTfi CLASSk 

l.*? Impev, sen. 17 Watson, 

i4 Lushmgton, 18 Peter, 

15 Tocf, sen. 19 Plowdeq, 

16 Curtis, 

Firrn 



30 Spotliswoo*!, 
21 Fraser, 
2*2 l^wrence. 



CLASS. 

23 D.Scott, 

24 'i'od, juu. 

25 Digby, 



Cole, and Mainwaring, absent from the 
examination. 

Hindustanec. 

riRSJ CLASS. 

1 Romer, 3 Swinton, 

V; Walker, 4 Cowan. 



8ECOMO CLASS. 

5 Scott, 1\ C. 8 Littledale, 

6 Plowden, 9 Shakespear 

7 TumbuU. 

TBIRD CLASS. 

10 Robinsonj IS Tod, sen. 

11 Impe^,sen. 14 Alexander, 

12 Spottiswood. 

roiTRTB Class. 

15 Bird, • 19 Majoribanki, 

16 Trower, 20 Ganliner^ 

17 Gardiner,Hon.£.21 Moore. 

18 UeU. 

NOT CLA8SSD. 

Bamet, Carey. 

Elliott and Martin absent trom the 
examination. 



1 Oliver, 
2' Wauchope, 



Arabic, 
riasT CLASS. 

3 Keene, 



4 Perry. 

SECOND CLASS. 

7 Saunders, 

8 Peter. 



5 Swinton, 

6 Fraser, 

THIRD CLASS. 

9 Plowden, 10 Rowlea. 

Bengalee, 

f laST CLASS. 

1 Gorton, 3 Tod, sen. 

2 Impcy, sen. 4 Impey, jun. 

SECOND C^ASS. 

5 Sprott, 7 Liell, 

6 To;l,jun. 8 Digby. 
Barwell and Hayes, absent from examin 

nation. 

At the quarterly examination hi 
April, 1803, m.ed(ils of vfierit 
w^re awarded Iq 

Mr. T. C. Scott, Hindust^uice. 
Mr. H. Alexander, Hindustanec. 
Mr. W. H. Robinson, Hindustanec. 
Mr. S. Bird, Hindustanec. 

jit the public examination in July, 
1803, medals n'cre awarded to 

Mr. G. Swinton, Persic, Hintlustanee, 

and Arabic. 
Mr. H. Impey, Bengalee. 
Mr. A. B. To<^, Ben^ef . 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR MAT, 1803. 



25 



ESSAY OF THB TItRM OF 1803. 

♦' On the Utility of the Persic 

language." 

Mr. John Wauchopc, first prize. 
Iflr. Byron Row!es» second prize. 
Mr. Tliomas Periy, third prize. 

ShidfUs admittted into College in 
July, 1803. 

Mntrt. Wm. Lowther^ 
Algtmoa Revelry, 
Edward Parry, 
George Saunders. 
MesiTB. H. G. ChrifdjUi, 
Richard Walpcde, 
Alex. Mackeozie, 
C.G. Mackenzie. 

NEW LAUNCH. 
On the 20th in5tant, was launched , 
a little above Sulkea, a handsome 
well constructed vessel, of about 
300 tons burthen, built under the 
inspection of Mr. McCleish. She 
\(^ called the Daniel Robert- 
sov, in compliment to an old, and 
well-known, professional person of 
that name, who has lately returned 
to Europe. A concourse of spec- 
tators were present, and were high- 
J7 delighted at the beautiful launch. 

HEAVY RAINS. 

ixtract of a letter, datedB^reiHy , 
July 10, 1803. 
" On the 6ih of June, we had 
a smart shower of rain > with every 
appearance of the Monsowi's set- 
ting in J but we were disappoint- 
ed. From that time, until the 8th 
instant^ we had not a drop of rain, 
and the weather sultry. However, 
on the evening of that day it began, 
and has continued with very little 
btermifision ever since, to pour 
down upon us. This has caused 
great rejoicings among the natives, 
as a dearth b^an to be apprehend- 
ed, and a dreary prospect of the 
lowing season passing awa^^ so 



much 80, that grain began to rise 
very fast in its price ; in particular, 
wheat and barley. It is now 
taking its old standard. Grain con- 
tinues at about %\jLty seers, Calcutta 
weight, per rupee.** 

DRY WEATHER, 

Extract of a letter, dated Benarer, 
July, 4. 
" The hot winds still continue 
without any appearanee of the 
rains j the crops may yet be tole- 
rable, but the produce of indigo and 
cotton will in all probability fall 
%'ery short, no indigo seed having 
yet been sown : the same kind of 
weather prevails to the westward, 
where most of the indigo, and 
nearly the whole of the cotton, is 
produced. 

SINKING FUND. 

Fort WiMam, July 19, 180S, 
The public is hereby informed, that 
the sum expected to be applicable 
to the redemption of the public 
debt by the commissioners 9f the 
sinking fund, in the month qt 
August, in hicca rupees 400,000, 
Of the sum current rupees 88,000, 
or Sicca rupees 75,862, will be ap- 
plied to the discharge of the notes 
of the general register from No. 
3,729 to No. 3740, inclusive, on 
Monday the first of August, on 
which day the interest thereon will 
cease. The remainder will be ap- 
plied by the commissioners in the 
purchase of the bonds and notes ot 
this government, bearing an inter- 
est of six and eight per cent, per 
annum, on tenders being made to 
them in the usual manner. 

company's papee. 

July 4, 1803. 

B^, Sea. 

Sizes, discount S 5 S 

Old eights, .ditto 12 I O 

Loans 



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06 ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804.- 

Loam of -\pr. and Nov. COUNTRY NE\* 

1800 ditto , 1 O 12 J 

Ditto of Sept. 1801, Aug. 

1802.andFcb.l803,prem.2 18 Delhi. 

Twelves, ditto 7 8 7 Rumjeet Singh of Lahor, is oil 

T«», dittos I I tlieeveof battle with Nizam ood- 

^ 7"""~ L ^^" Khan. Another date says, m 

July nth. action had happened between the 

Si.es discount f?2 T', ^peRunjeet Singh and the chirf 

OW eights ditto 10 14 ot Wuzeer abad. • 

I^ans of Apr. and Nov. Shurisber Buhadoor is arrived in 

1800, ditto 8 the camp of Ghnnee Bahadur; 

^!L^ ^V^J"'^**' ^ who, with all his surdars, present- 

TwS^ '^^ 'jr-? 2 \ S edhimNuzars. 

twelves ••..... oitto 7870 ^ .-. , .tt 

Tent ^tto 2 18 General Perron, has sent Hur 

Sook,h Rae, to Dowlut Rao Scin- 

Jttly ISih. deah, on some business respecting 

Buy. Sea. the Raja of Juepoor. 

Lent of Apr. and Nov. ^"v ^- Gram is very dear m camp, 
1800^ ditto. 4 d^sers, for a rupe6, and grass can- 
Ditto of Sept. 1801, Aug. not be procured. 
1802,aadfeb.l80S,prem. 1 4 12 , ^ 

Twdvet ..- ^ 7 8 8 , , ^ Juepoor. 

Tens ^ I 4 o 12 July 3. The Raja having weighed 

himself against Sesamum and grain 

July 25th. of different kinds and cloathing,dis- 

J|jjy. Stff. tributed them to the poor ; and di- 

5ff»vv; .discount 6 8 6 12 rected hb servants to give tlie daily 

£^n"'^"A^:»k"So;" ' ^ ''" »ndaxstom^rj3imsrSudal„rO 

1800, ditto 8 Nuwab Skumsker Buhadur, son 

Ditto of Sept 1801, Aug. of th^ late Ulee Bahadur. 

r:^i^t:±!.'^:'^:^'i oel, ^^y ^- I^aja Himmut Buha- 

Tens 1 10 ^^^^ came to pay his respects. 

— - - Some person accused Ghunce Bu- 

COW POX. hadoor of unprofitably wasting the 

By late advices from the Isle of money of the Surkar, in advanc- 

France, we have the pleasing in- a lac of rup^ to raja Ram Dhun. 

formation of the cow pox having Himmut Buhadoor pleaded in his 

been successfriUy introduced to that justification, that Ram Dhun is 

colony 5 and that upwards of 3000 the son of an officer, and himself 

persons had been inoculated, under a soldier, ready to sacrifice his life 

the direction of a (tommittee ap- in the service of the Surkar. 

pointed by government. Afterwards Gbunee Buhadoor 

The inhabitants are indebted for came and delivered to the Nuwah 

this blessing to captain Deglos, of the keys of the lower fort of Kalin- 

the ship Phillippinej who, in jur, and ofthe different store houses. 

March last, carried several children July 25th. — Shah NuM'az Khan, 

thither with the disease, which he observed that colonel John Hes- 

kept up by successive inoculation sing, commandant of the fort of 

during the voyage. Agra, has removed from this fleet- 
ing 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR AUGUST, 1803. 



27 



ing worid to tbe mansions of eter- 
nity. General Perron repaired im- 
mediately to Agra, and having re- 
gulated matters there^ returned to 
Koel, and wrote to colonel George 
Hessing, the tiOD of the deceased, 
desiring him to rqpair as speedily 
as ponible to Agfa. 

July 27. Tlie garrison of Kalin- 
jor made a sally and attacked tbe 
new citv ; Forty people on the Nu- 
wah's Bide, and seventy or eighty 
00 that of the garrison's, t^ing 
kiUed or wounded, the asasilants 
took themselves to flight: 

Nuwab Shumsker Buhadsor. 

July 22d. — ^The Nuwab Ghunee 
Buhadoor presented returns of the 
tnx^, the treasure, the artillery, 
and stores. 



July 25th.— Lalj6eMoodec came 
along with the Darogha, and repre- 
sented, that for three days the cat- 
tle of the Surkar have had no grain 
or grass. Ghunee Buhadoor has 
advanced money from his own pri- 
vate purse for their subsistence. 
The Nuwab observed, that his pro- 
perty is exposed to damage by the 
disagreement of his officers. 

July 25th. — Guoree Baboo pre- 
sented a correct muster-roll of the 
troops. The Nuwab observed, that 
large sums have been fruitlessly ex- 
pended, and the fort of Kalinjur is 
not yet reduced. Manajee Pundit 
r^ied, that Kalinjur is a much 
stronger place tlum Poona ^ the 
conquest of it is not an easy mat* 
ter. 



Bengal Occurrences for August 1803. 



Ancient Ruins. 
The ruins of a city, nearly four 
miles in extent, have lately been 
discovered by some officers belong- 
ing to the Hydrabad station, on the 
southern' bank of the Kestria ^ but 
no inscription, or tradition, has been 
found to establish when it was built, 
or when, or by whom destroyed. It 
is supposed to have rivalled Nizami, 
tbe capital of the Souhbadarry. 

New Launch. 
On the 6th insti at two o'clock, 
was launched from the marine yard 
ol Messrs. Hudson, Bacon, and Co. 
a very beautiful and well constructed 
ship, of about 400 tons burthen 3 she 
was named the " Suffolk.** 

F,wlent Gales. 
Several of the river vessels have 
mfiertd considerable damage in the 



late gale 3 the Diamond sloop foun« 
dered on the 9th j and four others, 
one of which was dismasted, have 
been driven on shore at Kedgeree. 

By the violence of tl^e freshes 
during the last week, several ves- 
sels lying at Calcutta have been 
drove from tlieir moorings ; the 
Alert schooner drifted on shore in 
the Cooley Bazar bite, but has been 
got off again, though with some da- 
mage ', an American ship lost her 
mizen mast, and much loss has be^ 
sustained in anchors and cables. 

Death of his Highness Nizam AH 
Khan, SoulaJidar of the Dec- 
can. 

This event took place on 
the morning of tl^e 6th instant. 
His highness's recaains were inter- 
red on the evening of tlie same day 
with great funeral pomp and splen- 
dor. 



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28 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



dor, at the principal mosque in the 
city of Hydrabad. 

His late highness is succeeded by 
his eldest son, MirzaSecunder Jah. 

Minute guns were fired at aU the 
principal stations, in testimony of 
the respect due to the memory of 
his late highness the Nizam. 

Accession of his Highness Secundur 
Jah, to the Musnud. 

On tlie morning of the 7th inst. 
at the time appointed for the cere- 
mony of his highness's accession, 
major Kirkpatrick, the British resi- 
dent at Hydrabad, and all the prin- 
cipal officers and persons of distinc- 
tion at the court of Hydilabad, pro- 
ceeded to the palace of his highness 
Secunder Jah, where the British re- 
sident and his attendants were re- 
ceived by his highness with every 
mark of attachment, honour, and 
respect. 

His highness then proceeded, ac- 
compani^ by the resident, to the 

Eublic hall of audience, where his 
ighness, conducted by major Kirk- 
patriel^, as the representative of the 
British government, and by rajah 
Ragotim Row as the deputy of the 
prince minister of the state, as- 
cended tlie musnud. 

The resident having publicly ac^ 
knowledged his highness Secunder 
Jah as Souhbadar of tlie Deccan, the 
gentlemen of the resident's family, 
and the officer coramai^ing the 
British troops at Hydrabad, made 
the usual presents of ceremony to 
his highness. After which all the 
oificers of state, and persons of dis- 
tinction who were in attendance, 
also made their presents of cere- 
mony to his highness. Qn the 
conclusion of this ceremony, his 
highness Secunder Jali delivered 
to the British resident, a written 
iiistniment under his highness's 
se:d and signature, containing a 



formal recognition of all the trea- 
ties and engagements which sub- 
sisted between his late iughiiess 
the nizam, and the British govern- 
ment. 

On the evening of the same day, 
royal salutes were fired from the 
fort of Golcondah, and from the 
walls of the city of Hydrabad, and 
at the residence of the British re- 
presentative* 

On the 8th inst. hi^ highness's 
younger brothers, the princes Fe- 
redoon Jah, Jehandar Jah, and Ak- 
ber Jah, waited on his highness, 
and made their presents of cere- 
mony on the occasion of his high- 
ness's accession. 

Letters were dispatched to the 
armies on the frontier, notifying 
the decease of his highness the 
nizara, and the accession of his 
eldest son Secunder Jah to the 
musnud, and a proclamation to the 
same effect was published in the 
city of Hydrabad, and was ordered 
to be made public at the principal 
places within his highness's domi- 
nions. 

The public rejoicings, usual on 
similar occasions, have been post- 
poned Until the expiration of the 
period of mourning for the decease 
of his late highness, Nizam Ali 
Khawn. 

Ro al salutes and tliree voDies 
of musquetiy were fired from the 
ramparts, of Fort William, and at 
all tlie principal military stations, 
in honour of the accession of his 
highness Secunder Jah, to the 
musnud of the Soubahdarry of the 
Deccan. 

Si 71 king Fund, 

Fort William, August 18. 
The public is hereby intbrnied, 
that tlie sum expected to be appli- 
cable to tlie redemption of the 
public debt by the commissioners 

of 



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BOMBAY OCCURRENCES FOR AUGUST^ 1803. 29 



of die sinking fund, in the month 
ef Sq)tember, is sicca rupees, 
400,000; of this sum» current 
rupees 80,000, or sicca rupees 
d0,905, will be applied to thedis- 
chffl^ of the bmds and notes of 
the general raster, from No. 
3,741 to 3,750 both inclusive, on 
Monday the 5th of September, on 
which date the interest thereon 
will cease. The remainder wUl be 
applied by the commissioners in 
the purdiase of the bonds and 
Qotes of this government, bearing 
an interest of t> and 8 per cent, per 
annum, on tenders being made to 
tiiem in the usual manner. 



J u gust 23. 



COMPANY 8 PAPEX. 



August 2, 1803. 



Sii per cent. - - 4 
Old 8 per cent. - 1 
Loant of April and Nov. 

1800, - - - O 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Aug 

1892, and Feb. 180B, 1 
Teo per cent. - - 6 
Twelve per cent. - 



8 
2 



Sttt. 
5 8dif. 
1 8 do. 



O 8 do. 



' 8pm. 
6 Odo. 
4 do. 



AuguH 9. 



Buy. SeU. 
4 6 5 Odis 
1 8 do. 



Sx per cent. - 

Old 8 per cent. - - 1 

Loauui of April and Nov. 

1800, . - - 8do. 
Do. of Sept. l?01,Aug. 

1802,and Feb. 1803. 1 4 12 do. 
Ten per cent. - - 6 8 6 do. 
Twelve per cent. - 10 8 do 

August 16. 

Buy. SdL 
Sixpercent. - 4 6 5 Odis. 

Old 8 per cent. - 1 1 8 do. 
Loans of April and Nov. 

1800, - - - Odo. 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Ang. 

180S,and Feb. 1803, 1 
Ten per cent. - - 6 
Twe&e per cent. - 1 



12pm. 
6 Odo. 
8 do. 



Buy. 



StU. 

4 Odis. 
12 do. 



Six per cent. - - - 3 12 
Old 8 per cent. - - 4 
Loans of April and Not. 

1800, - - - Odo. 
Do. of Sept* 1801, Aug. 

1802, and Feb. 1803, 1 12 
Ten per cent. - - 6 8 

Par 

August 30. 

Buy. 
Sx per cent. --SO 
Old 8 per cent. - - 4 
Loans of April and Nov. ' 

1800, - - - 8 
Do. of Sept: 1801, Aug. 

1802, and Feb. 1803,1 12 
Ten per cent. - - 6 8 

Par 



1 0pm. 
6 Odo. 



Sell. 
8 8di9. 
10 do. 

Odo. 

2 4pm. 
6 4<U>. 



Bombay 
Occurrences for jiug. 1803. 

SESSIONS OF OYER AND TERMINER 

Held before the Honorablb 
the Recorder. 

Sir James Mackintoshes Charge to 
the Grand Jury. 

Gentlemen of the grand jury. 

The most common and the most 
Becessary duty of a judge in ad- 
dressing a grand jury, may, on 
this occasion, be very easily and 
shortly performed. The calendar 
which I hold in my hand, con- 
tains no cliarge of any crime with 
respect to which you can need any 
legal instruction from me. There 
is indeed one cafse of the deepest 
guilt, but not likely to present any 
legal difficulties to your minds. 
Yop perfectly know that wherever 
there is, intentional killing without 
any of those circumstances, which 
the law allows either to justify or 
to mitigate such an act, there, the 
crime of murder is complete. 

The legal difficulty of .such cases 

therefore, generally arises ia tlie 

enquiry whether any of those dr- 

circumstances 



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30 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 18(W. 



cumstaneet ure present which 
either justify the act altogether, or 
St least reduce it to a much iQwer 
degree of guilt, and I am not 
aware that any such enquiry will 
DOW be necessary. 

But there is another ofience> of 
which indeed I see no example in 
the calendar, that is likely to be 
prevalent in a port of such exten- 
sive trade as B<Hnbey, and, as I 
am informed, has on former occa- 
aions, prevailed to a most alarming 
extent, rendered still more alarm- 
ing by the doubts which were 
entertained whether it were legally 
punishable. I mean the crime of 
attempting to set fire to ships, 
where the attempt has been unsuc- 
cessful, where it has been defeated 
either by unfortunate accident or 
by the timely interposition of the 
well disposed. In an ofience so 
atrocious and dangerous, so ma- 
lignant in its own .nature, and so 
extensively mischievous, in all its 
direct and indirect consequences, I 
deem it my duty to put an end to 
these doubts, and to make the law 
on this subject publicly known. 

By the sut. 33 G. III. chap. 67.^ 
•ec. 3. (made perpetual by41 G.III. 
chap. 19) " any person or persons, 
** who shall wilfully and malici- 
** ously bum or set fire to any ship, 
** keel, or any vessel — shall be 
" adjudged guilty of felony, with- 
*' out benefit of clergy." Now 
the words set fire to have not yet 
received any construction firom a 
determination €^ the judges. But 
tlie same words in the description 
of the very similar ofience of Arson 
(the burning of houses) have been 
repeatedly determined by all the 
judges of England, to be applicable 
to every case, where any part, 
however small, of the house was 
actually burnt — In the same man- 
ner, I now inform you, that\»hcre- 



ever any part, however small, of. 
the ship, is actually burnt, the 
capital felony of " setting fire to a 
ship'* is complete. And even if 
the incendiaries be stopt be£>r^ the 
jK:tual consumption of any part of 
the vessel which is not often pro- 
bable, the law is not, in that case, 
without die means of punishment 
for those who as far as depended 
on them, have consummated their 
guilt. For since the case of the 
king against Higgins, which is 
reported in the second volume of 
Mr. East's Terms Reports, and 
which I myself heard argued on 
the part of the prisoner, with ex- 
traordinary ability, by my most in- 
genious friend Mr, Scarlett, it can 
no longer be doubted, that every 
attempt to commit a felony is a 
misdemeanour. Now as the bian- 
ing a ship is made a felony by the 
statutes which I have quoted » it 
necessarily follows that every at- 
tempt to bum a ship is by the law 
of England, indictable as a misde- 
meanour. 

And here, gentlemen, I might 
close my address. But on this first 
occasion of speaking to you, I 
cannot forbear from making some 
observations on other subjects, 
which tliough not immediately con- 
nected with any single law or any 
single crime, are nevertheless of 
the utmost importance to the gene- 
ral administration of justice ; 
English judges have at all times 
spoken to grand juries, and through 
them to the public, in that tone of 
friendly (allow me to say) of pater- 
nal admonition wnich is not unbe- 
coming the judicial character. On 
my arrival here I conceived it to 
be my fi r^t duty to collect some 
information about the character and 
morality of the people, the degree 
and kind of vice prevalent in the 
little community entrusted to my 

care. 



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BOMBAY OCCURRENCES FOR AUGUST, 1803. &l 



care. And }va^ as a physician 
would first examine the bcx}ks of 
m hospital, so I first looked into 
the records of this court, which 
though narrow and liable to some 
exceptions that I shall afterwards 
mention, have at least the advan- 
tage of bebg, as far as tliey go, 
authentic. 

Since the institution of this 
coun in the year 1798. I observe 
that 64 persons have been tried for 
various felonies ; of whom 33 have 



any fear of coDtradicdon, ihat tt is 
fortunate and honourable for a 
people to find its morality nearly 
approaching to that of the inhabi- 
tants of Edinburgh. But I fear 
we cannot make so favourable sm 
inference from our criminal records. 
Here they are not so exact a crite- 
.rion of the prevailing moral dis» 
eases as they would be in most 
countries. 

The ditference of manners and 
language, and perhaps the hostile 



been convicted, 31 acquitted, and 'prejudices of many of the natives, 
9 have su&red capital punishment, render the detection of crimes. 



If I were to estimate the morality 
of this community from our re- 
cords alone, I should not form a 
very nn&vourable opinion of it. 
For in that part of the British do- 
minions in Europe were capital 
punishment is mu^ the least fre- 
quent, I mean in Scotland^ we 
know from tlie authority of Mr. 
Home, professor of law at Edin- 
burgh, that on an average of thirty 
years, six had annually suffered 
death out of a population which is 
probtWy not tar from eighteen 
hundred thousand. If this state of 
things be compared with the situa- 
tioo of Bombay, where there have 
been three capital punishments 
every two years, out of a popula- 
tion of 150,000, the result of 
no doubt, considerably against this 
island. But the comparison be- 
tween a large seaport town, as this 
island may be called, and an ex- 
tensive country is not fair. A 
fiaore equitable comparison fiir- 
nishes a more favourable result. 
The same author (Mr. Hume) tells 
Bs that the city of Edinburgh 
which with its ports and suburbs 
cmnot contain a population much 
above 100,000 has, on an average 
of twelve years, furnished three 
executions every two years. I be- 
lieve 1 may venture to say, without 



and increase the chances of total 
concealment in a proportion which 
we cannot exactly calculate, but 
which we know to be very great j 
much of what passes among the 
lowest natives must be involved in 
a darkness impenetrable to the eyei 
of the most vigilant police, after 
the existence of a crime* is ascer- 
tained the same obstacles stand in 
the way of identifying the criminal, 
and even after he is perfectly 
known, our local situation, which 
is that of a large town m a small 
territory, is that which an experi- 
enced Mender would select for the 
opportunity of concealment and 
the ^cility of escape ; and such is 
the unfortunate prevalence of the 
crime of perjury that the hope of 
impunity ^s not extinguished by the 
^prehension of the delinquent, if 
to this you add the supine acquies- 
cence of many English inhabitants 
in the peculations of their domestic 
servants, which, from an opinion of 
the rooted depravity of the natives, 
we seem to look upon as if their 
vices were immutable and inflexi- 
ble, like the laws of nature, and 
if you add also those summary 
chastisements, which are, in my 
ophiion, almost always useless, as 
examples you will not wonder that 
1 do not consider the records of the 
criminal 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804- 



criminal coon as a measure of the 
goilt of the community^ indeed 
the universal testimony of Euro- 
peanS) however mudi I may sus- 
pect occasional and partial exag- 
geration, is an antbority too strong 
for me to struggle with, and I 
observe that the accomplished and 
justly celebrated person (Sir W. 
Jones) who carried with him to 
this country a prejudice in favor of 
the natives, which he naturally im- 
bibed in the course of his studies, 
and which in him, though not per- 
fectly rational, was neither una- 
miabie nor ungraceful, I observe 
that even he, after long judicial 
experience, reluctantly confesses 
their general depravity. The pre- 
valence of perjury which he strongly 
states, and which I have myself 
already observed, is perhaps a more 
certain sign of the general dissoiu* 
tion of moral principle than other 
more daring smd ferocious crimes 
much more horrible to the imagi- 
nation, and of which the immediate 
consequences are more destructive 
to tociety. 

These are questions which all 
wise men acknowledge to be of in- 
finite difficulty, even when we are 
content with those probable results 
which are sufficient for mere spe- 
culation. And their difficulty, it 
must be owned, is mightily in- 
creased, when we require that cer- 
tainty on which alone prudence 
could act in matters which so nearly 
concern the happiness of multitudei 
of human beings. Difficult how- 
ever as they are, it is a difficulty 
with which it is, in my humble 
opinion, the bounden duty of every 
law-giver and magistrate (however 
humble his station, and however 
weak his means of usefiilness, or 
obscure his spliere of action) con- 
stantly and resolutely to struggie« 
neither depressed by disappoint- 



ment, nor deterred by tomttle^c 
but considering that tiie maiti end 
of life is to nniake some at least of 
the human race happier, which is 
most effectually done by making 
them better, that many ineffisotual 
attempts must be made in order 
that a few should succeed, and 
that if we fail increasing the hap- 
piness and \1rtue of others, the 
very attempt will constitute our 
own happiness and improve our 
own virtue. 

Fgt perjury indicates the absence 
of all the common restraints which 
withhold men from crimes. Per- 
jury supposes the absence of all fear 
of human justice, and bids demilance 
to all human laws -, it supposes also 
either a contempt for public opi- 
nion, or (what is worse) a state of 
society in which public opinion has 
ceased to brand with disgrafce, ac- 
tions that ought to be in^imous. 
It is an attack upon religion and 
law in the verjj point of their imion 
for the protection of human society. 
It is that crime which tends to se- 
cure the impuni ty of all other crimes, 
and it b the only crime which weak- 
ens the foundation of every right, 
by rendering the administration of 
justice, on which they all depend, 
difficult, and in many cases impos- 
sible. 

But, gentlemen, though it be rea- 
sonable to examine the character of 
those over whom we have autho- 
rity, and to calculate the mischiev- 
ous consequences of crimes, and 
though it be useful to spread an 
abhcMTence of these crimes by just 
representations of their nature and 
tendency, it is very useless, and 
very unreasonable, to indulge our- 
selves in childish anger and childish 
invective 5 when we are speaking of 
the moral diseases of great nations, 
tlie reasonable questions always 
are—- How have they been produ- 
ced ? 



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BOMBAY OCCURENCES FOR AUGUST, 1803 



33 



ced ? and how are they to be curect ? 

With tliese feelings I have not 
suffered the short time wtiich has 
elapsed suwie I came to this coun- 
try, to pass without some medita- 
tion, oo the causes and cure of the 
moial maladies of which 1 have 
spoken. My speculations are at 
present so crude, and my informa- 
tion so imperfect, tiiat it would be 
absurd to conmiunicate my thoughts 
to any one j when they are more 
matured, I may have the honour of 
lajing some of them before the go- 
vernment, and for such as will be 
best carried into effect by the vo- 
luntary exertions of private indivi- 
duals, I shall have the honour of 
imparting them, to you. 

I have this morning, gentlemen, 
examined the prison, and I am 
happy to say, that, considering it 
either as a place of detention for 
the accused, or for the debtor, or 
as a place of punishment for those 
who are convicted of crimes, it is 
so constructed as to prevent the 
loss of liberty from being aggra- 
vated by any unnecessary severi- 
ties, llie sheriff has, however, 
some reason to complain of its in- 
securit}'; and I cannot but lament 
that it is not better adapted for a 
house of correction, especially as I 
have the strongest repugnance to 
capital punishment, and as I have 
no high opinion of the efficacy of 
transportation, either for ref^ma- 
tion or ex:imple. 

The deficiencies of a prison, as 
an instrument of public policy, are 
ipatters to be discussed with cool- 
ness. If I liad found any deficien- 
cies on the sa>re of humanity to- 
wards the prisoners, I should have 
spolcen to you in a very different 
tone. I am persuaded that your 
feelings would have entirely ac- 
corded with mine -, convinced that 
both as jurors, and as private gen- 

c 



tlemen, you will always consider 
yourselves as entnisted, in tliis re- 
mote region of the earth, with tlie 
honour of tliat beloved country, 
which 1 trubl becomes more dear 
to you, as I am sure it does to me, 
during every new moment of ab- 
sence } that in your intercourse 
with each other, as well as witli 
the natives of India, you will keep 
unspotted the ancient character of 
the British nation, renowned in 
every age, and in no age more than 
in the present, for valour, for jus- 
tice, for hiuiianity and generosity -, 
for every virtue which supports, as 
M'cll as for every talent and accom- 
plishment which adorns, human 
ciety. 

Importation of Silver. 

The importation of silver to 
India has been very great by the 
ships of this season, which will, no 
doubt, occasion a more extensive 
circulation of that useful article 
than we have experienced for some 
time past. 

Further particulars relating to the 
ship Caledonia, 

Tlie following is a list of the peo- 
ple who eml)arked on board the 
long boat, and who were Ijinded at 
Versovah on Saturday morning last : 

Mrs. Thoinas ; captain George I'ho- 
mas, commander ; col. Paterson ; Mrs. 
Rose; Mrs. Jolce, serjeani -major's wife 
of the Bengal artillery at Tannah; Mrs. 
Frazer, and one child, a private's wife of 
the 7«th regiment; James Coats, car- 
penter: Andrew Ker, butcher ; Donald 
Mac Rae, serjeant ; Finlay M. Rca, cor- 
poral ; Wm. Mayo, Donald Fiazcr, 
Robert M*Lean. John Si.irtland, Geo. 
I.uke, Finley Mackenzie, John Bowman, 
Robert MacijueriouSyJohn M"Iver,Mur- 
dock Frazez, Christian Constance, Owen 
Macqueris, Andrew M'Rae, Finley 
Henry, and Alexander Mackay. privates 
in hijmcije»ty*8 78th regt. BurmanneAU 
Icnvind.*, 



/ 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



lemande, tecunny; bozo, sjtxng; 16 
)«tcart; 8 leapoyt; and 17 icrvaott. 
— Totia53. 

We cannot help contemplating 
it as an act c^ providence that the 
long boat was saved at all> from 
the heavy sea that was runnings 
and the number of souls on boani 
which made the boat so deep that 
the sea frequently broke over her— - 
indeed, had it not been that captain 
Thomas was intimately acquainted 
with the knd about Bombay, her 
loss mustiiavebeen inevitable, and 
the whole must have perished; 
the wind fortunately proved mode- 
rate, and by the uncommon exer- 
tion of the people in the boat, 
with their oars, she was kept to 
windward until day-light, when 
they bore up for Versovah river. 

Government immediately dis- 
patched the Wasp, lieutenant Sam. 
Snook, in quest of the wreck of 
the Caledonia, which vessel is 
since returned after an ineffectual 
cruise. 

Sacrilege, 
The increasing sect of the 
Whghabees, in Arabia, under their 
bold and aspiring leader, have 
lately plundered the so much vene- 
rated shrines of Mecca and Me- 
dina, and carried off the immense 
treasures which they were supposed 
to contain .-*>lt is said that during 
this outrage, they shewed some 
respect to the tomb of Mahomet, 
whom they allowed to have been a 
good man, though a false prophet. 



CEYLON 

Occurrences for jiug. 1803. 



Columbo, Atigutt 17, 1808. 
[G. O. By GOVERNMEKT.] 

The governor has received, with 
great satisfaction, the account of the 
spirited and judicious measures by 
which captain Frederick Hankey, 
of his majesty^s 19th regiment, has 
succeeded in driving out the Can- 
dians from these setdements on the 
side of the Hewegam Corle. 

August 27. — ^The governor is 
sincerely happy in noticing the 
zeal, judgment, and intrepidity dis- 
played by Lieutenant Mahamed 
Alley Ibrahim, of his majesty*s 
Ceylon native infantr}', in attack- 
ing and repulsing with a small de- 
tachment of his regiment, the nu- 
merous army of Candians assembled 
near Chilow on the 24th of this 
month. 

He desires his acceptance of a 
sword, and has ordered an allow- 
ance for horse^money to be granted 
him, as a testimony of his high ap- 
prol^tion. 

His excellency is moreover pleased 
to order the extra allowance of a 
month's pay to be granted to the 
detachment which served under 
lieutenant Mahomed Alley Ibra-. 
him, on that occasion. 



Bbnoal 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR SEPTEMBER, 1903. 35 



Bengal Occurrences for Septembeb, 1803. 



Statue of Marquis ComwaUis, 

The Honourable Company's 
ship, earl Howe, has brought out 
the statue of the most noble the 
marqiiis ComwaUis, which is to 
adorn this chapeU 



New Launch. 

On the 2d instant, between the 
bours of one and two in the after- 
noon, was launched from the yard 
of Messrs. Gillett, Blackmore, imd 
Co. a well-constructed merchant- 
man, of about 3CX) tons measure^ 
ment. She was named the For- 
tune. 



Fiolent Earthquake. 

On Thursday morning, about 
half past one o'clock, a smart shock 
of an earthquake was very distinctly 
felt in Calcutta, and its environs ; 
the river was considerably agi- 
tated, and the water of a tank in 
the Botannic Garden was thrown 
over its banks, and many fish left 
In the gravel walk ; the same hap- 
pened to several other tanks in the 
neighbourhood of the town ; and 
the church clock was stopped by 
the concussion, at about thirty-five 
minutes past one; the time was 
unfavourable to the observance of 
the continuance or direction of 
this awfiil phenomena, but it is 
probable we shall hear from otlier 
parts of the country the progress 
it took. 

The active has arrived at Prince 
of Wales's Island fi-om Mauritius, 
much damaged, having struck upon 
a rock or a wreck on her passage in 
the streights of Malacca. 

ct2 



Sinking Fund. 
Fort WilUam, Sept. 15, 1808* 
The public i> hereby informed, 
that the sum expected to be appli- 
cable to the redemption of the 
public debt by the commissioners 
of the sinking fund in the month 
ofOct.is Sicca rupees 400,000. Of 
this sum current rupees 100, goO 
or Sicca rupees 86,283 will be 
applied to the discharge of the 
bonds and notes of the general 
register, fi-om No. 3751 to 3765, 
both inclusive, on Monday the 
10th October, on which date the 
interest thereon will cease. The 
remainder will be applied by the 
commissioners, in the purchase of 
the bonds and notes of this govern- 
ment, bearing an interest of 6 
and 8 per cent, per annuna, on 
trenders being made to them in the 
usual manner. 



COMPANY S PApEB 

Sept. 5, IQ03. 

Buy. 



3 8 dis. 
lOdif. 



Six per cenL ... 3 
Old 8 per cent. - ' - O 
Loans ot April & Nov. 

1800, .--. 0800 rli%. 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Aug. 

18Q52, and Feb. 1803, I IS 1 4pm. 
Ten per cent. - - - 6 8 (i an. 
Twelve per ccoi. - dis. 



Sept. \2th. 

Buy. Sell 

Sii per cent. - - 3 6 3 H dis. 

Old 8 per cent. - - O 4 8 do. 
ljOAn% of April & Nov. 

1800, - - - 8 O Odo. 
Do. of Sept. 1801, Aug. 

1802, & Feb. 1803, I 12 1 4pm. 
Ten 



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36 ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1604. 

Ten per cent. - - 6 8 6 Odo. Jhc following is the rate of 

Twelve percent. do. ^f y^^y^^ ^^^^^ ^ju be laid oa 

— .^ the different kinds of grain tt each 

Seht iQth ^^ ^^ abovc-mention©d stations. 

Buy. Sell. OK AL;. OIAXK, WHEAT AVD 

§» per cent. - - • 8 oisdit. babley excbfted. 

M8 per cent. - - 4 O 8 do. a^ ino ji«„«a 

Ji,«»,nfVf April ft Nov. At Benares ^ i? iT^' 

^800, r • . 8 Odo. tSSXS 10 

J)o.of Sept. IfOl. Au£. cL™^' 'H 

I802.aidFeb.180i'. 1 12 1 4pm. ?*^5?^* S 

Teh per cent. . • 6 8 6 0\io. Futtyghur, ^ 

TWtc per cent. - do. ^^ wheat AND BABLEY. 

— — per 100 MtnmJs, 

At Benares...... , ....Ri. 17 

Aug. 23ri. niahabad, 29 

B «// CawDpore , .24 

/?5 /*^-.. Futtyghur, « 31 

Sixpercent. • - S 12 4 du. ^. , ,. , 

Old 8 per cent. - - 4 12 do. The bounty to which persons 

Xoins of April and Nov. importing grain at the above-men- 

1800, n - . Odo. tioned places may be entitled, 

'*"l«^.S?Fri8^!'i 12 1 opm. yeeably to the tenor of this pro. 

Ten per cent. --688 do. clamation, will be paid at Benares, 

TweWe per cent. * do. Illahabad, and Cawnpore, by the 

collectors of those districts respec* 

m * tively, and at Futtyghuf, by the 

agent to the Governor-general at 

FortWilIiara,Sept.S7, 180S. Fumickabad. In order however 

PROCLAMATION. ^^ ^"^^*l^ the unportcrs to the pay- 

^ . . ^ „ , , , ment of the bounty, such persons 

By his excellency the most nolle ^^ ^ reouired to produce th© 

thegovernoT-generdvfi council. Rowannalis for the grain, bearing 

Information having been re- the seal and signature of one of 

eeived that the price of grain has the collectors <rf customs in the 

been considerably enhanced in the province of Bengal, and tlie usual 

province of Benares, and in the endorsement of the collectors or 

provinces ceded to the honourable darogahs-of the intermediate cus- 

Company by his excellency the torn houses. The officers of go- 

Nawaub Vizier, his excellency the vernment shall likewise be at li- 

most nobie tbe governor-general berty to examine the boats, when- 

in council, with tlie view of en- ever they may have reason to ap- 

couraging the importation of grain prehend that the quantity actually 

it J to those provinces from the pro- imported is inferior to thequajitity 

vhice of Bengal, has been pleased on which the bounty may be 

to direct that a bounty shall be claimed. 

paid on all grain imported at the Persons importing grain into the 

city of Benares or Illahabad, from province of Benares, or the ceded 

the ^province of Bengal within provinces from the province of 

three months, and at Cawnpore Bengal, in consequence of this 

or Futtyghur within four montlis proclamation, will be at liberty to. 

from the date of this proclamation, dispose of their gram at such price, 

and 



^-y^i 






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MADRAS OCCURRENCES FOR SEPTEMBER, 1803. 37 



aod in such maimer , as they may 
jodgc pr<^)eT« 

Maafy Ro waxmahs will be granted 
for the transportation of the grain. 

Pablished by order of his excel- 
lency the most noble the go- 
vernor-general in council, 
G. DOWDESWELL, 
Sec. to Govt, Rev. Dept. 



MADRAS 

Occurrences for Sept. 1803. 



Lord IF. C. Bentinch. 

On t&e arrival of the Earl Hawe, 
on tbe 29th of August^ the right 
honourable W. C.Bentinck, was 
* waited on by a deputation, con- 
. fisting of the principal otlicers of 
government, and at six o'clock the 
Mowing morning his lordship, ac- 
companied^ by lady Bentinck, and 
the gentlem«?n of Lis suite, landed 
under salutes from the ship^ 
ping and garrison — and was re- 
ceived at the sea gate by lord 
Clive, the members of council, 
and the principal officers and gen- 
ttemen of the settlement. A dou- 
ble column of H. M. 34ih regi- 
ipent and the native troops in gar- 
ri^n, extended from the sea gate 
to Fort Square, through which his 
loidshu) passed under the custom* 
aijr miatary honours. 

His lordship's commission hav- 
ing he«x read on the parade by the 
chief secretary of govermoent, a 
aluteof ipgimtffiorti the battprie^ 
and three rottodf of musqueCry 
fiom the ttoops, was ficed an- 
nooacinj^tbe ereRrf.— His ionJship 
aftervardi prdceeded to tlic got^ 
vcmxnent house. 

The right honourable tho gover- 
nor held his lasf^t public levee in the 
caandl chamber, on Thursday 

tc 



morning, when the principal gen- 
tlemen of the settlement had the 
honour of being introduced. 

After the levee^ his lordship 
proceeded to Chepauk palace, on 
a visit of ceremony to his highness 
the Nahob, who complimented his 
lordship with nineteen guns on his 
arrival and departure. 

Official notice has been given 
that tlie honourable the governor 
will receive the visits of the gen- 
tlemen of the settlement, every 
Tuesday and Friday evening, be- 
tween the hours of ten and twelve. 
Orders have been issued by the 
right honourable the governor, 
that the same honours as paid to 
himself shall be continued to the 
right honourable the lord Clive, 
during his stay in India — the latter 
noble lord has removed to the 
house, known by the name of 
Muwbngr's garden.- 

Dangerous Shoals. 
Lieutenant Davidson, of the 
armed brig Waller, on his pass^ 
from Malacca to Amboyna, saw a 
dangerous shoal near the island of 
Sourootoo, (or Sowra) which ap- 
peared to be nearly even with the 
water's edge, and very steep; its 
length about half a cable, each 
way had a small breaker near 
the middle of it, notwithstanding 
the sea was tolerably sokQOth — the 
Waller passed it within a quarter 
of a mile's disLince, and had 24 
fathoms soft ground-, when abreast 
of it, at one P. M. April 18th, 
1803. When in one with the 
south point of Carimata island, it 
bore N. E. | ^.j)Ad the N. West- 
ernmost pac4 ^imi insight of the 
Island of Sourootoo, N. ^ E. dis- 
tance about fwc leagues. 

About ^ mQe to the southward 
and eastward of thjls, saw another 
shoals which had libswise a small 
3 bre^ket 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 180^. 



breaker \fpon it ; as the Waller 
■ wjis carrying dispatches, and had a 
fine breeze, after being near!y be- 
calmed for eight ■ hours, it pre- 
' Tented her commander from send- 
ing a boat to examine it more par- 
ticularly, especially as it was at' 
that season of the year, which 
made it doubtful what passage the 
vessel would make. He has since 
heard that an American vessel was 
either lost, or nearly so, upon one 
of these shoals. 

Having a strong current set- 
- ting to tlie soutliward, lieutenant 
Davidson attempted to pass to the 
nortliward of those islands and 
shoals, which lie in the south en- 
trance of the Straits of Macassar -, 
being apprehensive that if he 
went to the soutliward of them, so 
Lite in the season, he would be 
thifred too far to leeward of die 
Straits of Sala)er, to pass tlirough 
tlieai before the contrary currents 
would become too strong to accom- 
plish it J tlie winds being light and 
-xWiMe, between N. E. and S. E. 
On the 29th of the same month, 
at 7 A. M. parsed over the tail of 
a shoal, saw the bottom clearly, it 
appeared to be of tine white sand, 
with several small coral rocks, had 
only three casts of the lead upon 
it, viz. 9, 11, and 14 fathoms, 
then on the ground \vith 40 fa- 
tlioms ', about three miles to the 
auuthward of this ; at 9. 30 A. M. 
found tlie AValler upon the ed^ of 
another shoal, apparently much 
more dangerous j saw the sharp 
pointed coral rocks under the bot- 
tom, had soundings upon it, from 
8 J to 15 fathoms, and then no 
ground with 22 fathoms. About 
four ipiles farther to the soutliward 
perceived near noon, the vessel to 
be on the edge of a third shoal, 
and again beheld the rugged coral 
r;.ck* under her keel :, had sound- 



ings on it of p, 9^ and lOj fa- 
thoms, afterwards no ground. The 
two last, the Waller avoided by 
instantly putting the helm down, 
heaving all the sails aback, and 
letting the vessel pay round upon her 
keel. The latitude observed when 
on the edge of the last-mentioned 
shoal was 4*^ 3/ S. and longitude 
per chronometer ^as l' 7^ 8' E. 

Finding the current now setting 
to the northward, and having been 
three times on hitherto unknown 
dangers, the Waller stood away to 
the southward, close-hauled on the 
larboard tack with a fine moderate 
breeze, and at 2 42 51 P. M. the 
observed longitude per sun and 
Ynoon,/rom the mean of three sets 
of sights, was 117*^ 5' 20' E. 
From noon to the time th^ sight^ 
were taken, the vessel had run 
about four leagues on a S. |- W. 
course, from the near agreement 
therefore of the observed longitude 
with the chronometer, lieutenant 
Davidson believes 4° 37' S. and 
117^8' E. to be the correct lati- 
tude and longitude, nearly of the 
last-mentioned shoal. He says 
that he is not acquainted either 
with their extent or danger from 
the same reasons before given for 
not examining that shoal otf Su- 
rootoo. The sights for the latitude 
and time were taken by a Rams- 
dcn's Sexiant : those for the longi- 
tude by a Troughton's, and" all of 
them under the- most fevourable 
circumstances. 

Tlie chronometer varied about 
lialf a degree from the 13 th of 
April to the 12th of July. 

At the time of taking the 
distances of the sun and moon, 
tliere were four islands in sight, 
from the mast-head, at 6 P. M. 
they bore E. by S. half S. distance 
thirteen miles, tiiey are low and 
Woody, and cannot be seen far- 

tiier 



.i"^- 



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BOMBA.Y OCCURRENCES FOR SEPTEMBER, 1803. Sg 



ther than 7 or 8 leagues. From 
not seeing any land to the west- 
ward, supposed them to be those 
called Noosa Comba -, if so their 
position on the latest charts extant, 
venr ill agreed with the latitude 
and longitude deduced from the 
above observations, and the bear- 
ings and distances of these islands 
from two stations. The chart lays 
them in 5° 12' S. and 1 16° 48' E.— 
lieutenant Davidson 5^ 2 S. 117° 
9'E. 

The Waller, in returning from 
Amboyna to Madras, steered for, 
and niade Christmas Island, which 
she passed about eight leagues to 
the southward. It appeared pretty 
highland, and about five leagues 
in length from east to west. Lieu- 
tenant Davidson made its latitude 
10* 32' S. and longitude (by three 
single sights per sun and moon) 
105° 53' £. Navigators differ con- 
siderably in the longitude of the 
Island, and some of the new charts 
have omitted it entirely, probably 
from a dangerous mistake, or a 
doubt of its existence. 



Extract of a Letter from Bovilay, 
Captain Gardner had been under 
the necessity of relinguishing the 
command of the Scaleby on ac- 
count of a v?ry severe indisposition. 
The cn*w of the Scaleby have 
been rather sickly, and they have 
lost several people on the passage 
by the scurvy. 

Mr. Manesty, the British resi- 
dent at Bussora, has been under 
the necessity of taking up a tem- 
porary residence on board tlie brig 
la Belle, in consequence of a very 
gr^t inundation at Maghill, which 
obliged him to quit his house ; 
great apprehensions have been en- 
tertained for its safety. 

t c4 



Bombay 
Occurrences for Sept. 1803. 

Primte Trade. 
In pursuance of authority re- 
ceived from his excellency the 
most noble the governor general in 
council, in consequence of the 
orders of the honorable the court 
of directors, the public are hereby 
informed, that sealed proposals will 
be received at the office of the 
Secrelanr to government, on or 
before tne 5 th October next, for 
freighting to the honourable Com- 
pany, ships built with teak within 
the honourable Company's territo- 
ries in India, of the burden of 
three hundred tons or upwards, for 
the conveyance of private trade 
from Bombay to England, in the 
season of 1 803-4, under the express 
condition that such ships shall not 
return to India, but be sold in 
England. 

2. The proposals must express 
the place where the ships were 
built respectively, al^o the time 
when each ship was built, and the 
place where each ship actually is at 
the date of the tender. 

3. The ships shall have tliree 
flush decks or two complete decks, 
and a poop, and be coppered. 

4. Previously to the acceptance 
of the tender of any ship, the go- 
vernor in council shall cause her 
to be surveyed by the superinten- 
dant, or other proper officer, and 
if, on such survey, she should not 
be approved of, the said governor 
in council shall be at liberty to 
reject her 

5. In the event of any ship, 
after survey by the superintencjant, 
or other proper officer, being ap- 
proves of by such officer, she 
shall be repaired, fiited,- and stored, 
(agreeable to an inventory, which, 

"\\heii 



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40 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTEft, 1804 



when prepared, will be sent to 
tlie office of the superintendant for 
general inspection) under the orders 
of the superintendant, or other, 
proper officer, who shall have a 
right to object to such articles as 
shall ill his judgment ap|x?ar not to 
be sufficiently good j and shall re- 
port thereon to the governor in 
council for their decision. 

6. The ships shall be loaded at 
tlie option of the govtrnor in 
council, at such time as tlie Com- 
pany's M'ant of tqnnage and the 
several circumstances of the ships 
may render necessary , so that the 
commencement of the loading of 
any ship be not protracted beyond 
four months after the time of her 
being contacted for, provided she 
be ready and conipetent to receive 
cargo. 

7. The ships shall, if the owners 
chuse it, carry kentledge, but the 
Company shall not be required to 
pay freight for the same. 

8. The ships shall be armed as 
follows : 

Ships of 300 to 400 tons, not 
to have less than 1 2 carronades 9 
pounders. 

Ships of 400 to 500 tors, not 
to have less tliau 1 4 carronades 9 
pounders. 

Sliips of 500 to 600 tons, not 
to have less than 1 6 carrouades 12 
pounders. 

Ships of 600 tons, or upwards, 
not to have less than 1 8 carronades, 
12 pounders. 

Every ship to carry a stand of 
arms, and a cutlass for each man on 
board. 

Eveiy ship to carry not less than 
thirty rounds of gunpowder and 
shot. 

Should the above articles not be 
procurable, substitutes to be allowed 
at the discretion of the master at- 
tendant. 



9. The crew of each ship, on 
her departure from Bombay, sliall 
be composed of two-thirds, at least, 
of European seamen, provided they 
can be procured. Should any part 
of the crew consist of lascars, 
they shall be reckoned in the pro- 
portion' of forty-five lascars to 
thirty European seamen. The fol- 
lowing is a list of the number of 
officers and seamen required to 
navigate each ship : 

Commander, chief mate, second ditto, 
third ditto, surgeon, boatswain, gctn- 
ncr, carpenter, 2 * midshipmen. 

Cooper and steward, captain's cook, 
ttliip's cook, boatswain's mate, gun- 
ner's ditto, * carpenter's mate * and 
caulker. 3 quarter masters. An 
additional quarter master required for 
every 100 tons of ships above 600 
tons. 

2 commander's servants, 30 European 
foremastmen, or 45 lascars, for ships 
of from 500 to 600 tons. For ships 
be'ow 500 or above 600 tons, 8 Eu- 
ropeans, including petty officers, or 
1 2 lascars for every 100 tons, of the 
ship's burthen. 

* Not required for ships less than 500 
tons. 

10. The ships shall be command- 
ed and officered by persons to be 
selected by the owners, which per- 
sons are to be qualified according to 
die following regulations, provided 
persons so qualified can be procured, 
by tlie owners, in time for tlie ship's 
departure from Bombay. 

11. The commander shall be of 
the age of twenty-three years, or 
upwards, and shall liave performed 
one voyage, as commander of an 
extra ship, to and from England, 
or as chief or second mate in the 
Company*s en:ploy in a regular 
ship. 

12. The chief mate sliall be of 
the iige of twenty-two years or up- 
wards, and haveperlbrmed one voy- 
age to and from England, or been six 
yeari at sea. The second mate 

sliall 



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BOMBAY OCCURRENCIES FOR SEPTEMBER 1803. 41 



shall be of the age of twenty-one 
years or upwards, and have been 
fire years at sea. The third mate 
shall be of the age of twenty years 
or upwards, and have been four 
years at sea. 

13. After the discharge of the 
diips in England, the €X)mniander, 
mates, and surgeon, shall be at li- 
berty to return to India, without 
prejudice to the indentures or licence 
under whidi they may have come 
to India. 

14. The commanders, and chief 
and second mates, shall be examined 
by the Marine board, or by such 
persons as the governor in council 
may appoint for that purpose, and 
u'hen approved of, be sworn in 
before the governor in council. 

15. The surgeon to be enter- 
tamed, as required by article ninth, 
diall be previously examined and 
approved of by the Medical Board, 
and must be qualified to act as 
nurgeon's mate of a regular ship in 
the Company's service; but if a 
person so qualified cannot be pro- 
cared, a medical person, a native of 
India, must be entertained, who 
shall be previously examined and ap- 
proved (^ by the Medical Board. 

16. The several persons who 
ma? belong to their ships, engaged 
under this advertisement, shaU en- 
ter into the u$ual contracts for the 
performance of the voyage, similar 
to those signed by the commanders, 
officers, mA mariners of the re- 
gular ^ips. 

17* The commanders and mates 
ihallbe entitled to indulgence in 
private trade, in the proportion of 
fire tons per cent, on the ship^s ton- 
nage, by builder's measurement. 

18. If the ships shall not be load- 
ed and dispatched to England 
within the undermentioned periods, 
from the time of their bemg reaidy 
for the reception of cargo, in con- 



sequence of the orders of the go- 
vernor in coimcil for that piupose, 
viz. 

Ships of 300 to 400 tons 80 days. 
Ditto, -—400 to 500 ditto 85 diUo. 
Ditto, — ^500 to (500 ditto 40 ditto. 
Ditto, above (5O0 tons, 5 days for 
every 100 tons, above th^t bur- 
then in addition to the forty days 
above-mentioned, 
Demurr^e will be allowed to 
the owners at the rate of sixpence 
per ton, per day, on the builder's 
measurement, for every day the 
ships may be detained beyond that 
time. 

If detained beyond that time by 
any default on the part of tlie 
owners or commanders, the owners 
shall pay demurrage to the Com- 
pany, at the rate above-mentioned, 
for the period of such detention. 

19. The ships shall proceed with 
or without convoy, at the option of 
the Company. If detained for 
convoy, demurrage at the rate of 
sixpence per ton, per day, on the 
builder's measurement, shall be 
allowed, until the conunanders of 
the ships shall receive their sailing 
orders, and signals from the com« 
mandcr of the convoy. 

20. If any ship shall not be able 
to load, on the Company's account, 
to the extent of her tonnage by 
the builder's measurement, the 
owners shall be hable to a penal^ 
of ten pounds per ton, for such ton- 
nage as shall be deficient of the 
builder's measurement. 

21 . Hie governor in council shall 
have liberty, if he should see fit, to 
send the ships to the Cape of Good 
Hope and bt. Helena, on making 
the usual allowance of demurrage. 

22. The honourable Company 
shall not be obliged to lade goods 
on any ship until she be reported 
by tlic superintendant or other 

proi>er 



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42 



ASIATIC AIsTNUAL REGISTER, 16(M. 



proper officer, to be ready and fit 
. to receive cargo. 

23. The ships shall not touch at 
any other port or place in the voyage 
to £Dgland> than such at which 
they may be permitted or directed by 
the governor in council to call. 
Shoidd any ship put into any port 
or place, on her voyage to England, 
without such permission or direc- 
tion, demurrage will not be allowed 
by the Company ; and the Compa- 
ny shall be at liberty to charge de- 
murrage to the owners, for any im- 
proper delay or deviation, at tlie 
rate of six pence per ton, per day, 
on the builder's measurement. 

24. Tlie ships shall carry to En- 
gland such passengeiB as the gover- 
nor in council may direct to be 
received on board, on the same 
terms as are allowed for passengers 
proceeding in the regular ships. No 
passenger shall be received on board 
of any of the ships, either in Iftdia 
or at the Cape of Good Hope, or 
at St. Helena, or elsc-where, on 
the voyage to England j except by 
the express order of the governor 
in council, or of the governor and 
council of St. Helena, under a pe- 
nalty of 500/. sterling for every pas- 
senger so carried without order. 

25. Special care must be* taken 
that the cargo be properly dun- 
naged at the expence of the own- 
ers. 

26. The ships shall receive their 
cargoes in the port of Bombay. 

27. One-third, at least, of the 
builder's measurement of the ships, 
shall consist of sugar, salt petre, or 
such other articles of dead weight 
BS will sufficiently ballast the ship 3 
and the remainder of the cargo of 
these articles, or any other goods 
whicK the Company shall think 
proper to lade oii the ships. 

28. Whole fireight shall be paid 
for sugar in hags, salt petre, and 



other goods (sugar in boxes ex- 
cepted) whedier packed in bales, 
b^, or cases; for as much as can^ in 
the opinion of the superintendaint, 
or other proper officer, be con- 
veniently and safely taken on board 
and stowed in any part g( the ship, 
under the middle deck of the three 
deck ships, or lower deck of the 
two deck ships; sufficient room 
being in the opinion of that officer 
reserved under the upper deck for 
the accommodation of the crew and 
the stowage of the cables, provi- 
sions, and stores ; and the draf^ of 
water being approved of by the said 
officer. 

29. An additional frei^t of one 
pound ten siiillings per ton^ shall 
be allowed for sugar in boxes. 

30. Ihe fireight on the cargo 
shall be paid on such goods only as 
shall be delivered into the Compa- 
ny's warehouse. in London. 

31. The tonnage of the OLTgo 
shall be calculated agreeably to the 
annexed table, and in all other in- 
stances according to the established 
custom of the company. 

32. The wastage on salt petre 
shall be calculated according to the 
established custom of the company; 
and an allowance at tlie rate of two 
per cent, on the weight shall be made 
to the owner for wastage on sugar, 
provided the wastage shall amount 
to that tonnage; but the owners 
shall not be entitled to this allow- 
ance if the deficiency by waste 
should not be equal to tliat ton- 
nage. 

33. If any of tlie cargo should 
be lost, damaged, or not delivered 
to the company, except by wastage 
as before-mentioned, the owners 
shall pay the full prime cost of such 
goods so lost or undelivered, toge- 
ther witli 30/. per cent, on such 
prime cost, except there should 
happen to be a total loss of ship and 

cargo. 



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BOMBAY OCCURBENXES FOR SEPTEMBER, 1803. 4S 



cargo. But if any sblp ibould, from 
a dc&dancy of cargo or other cause, 
be detained by the govenor in coun- 
cD, after the 1st April, 1804, on 
which day the season of 1803-4, 
shall be considered to have termi- 
nated, the owners shall in that case 
be exonerated from any damage 
that may happen if the cargo, pro- 
vided it shall be clearly ascertained 
that the same has arisen firom the 
lateness of the season, and that due 
care has been used in the stowage of 
the cargo. 

34. Tl>e owners shall not be an- 
swerable for such damage and short 
delivery to a greater amount than 
shall be eqtial to 5L per ton on the 
builder*s measurement. 

35. If any ship should not be 
able to receive the tonnage appro- 
priated to her by the governor in 
council, the owners shall be paid 
for such tonnage only as shall actu- 
ally be laden on the ship, but if 
from a deficiency of cargo the go- 
vernor in council should not be able 
to load any ship to the extent of the 
tonnage which it may appear to the 
superintendant, or other proper of- 
ficer, that the ship is able to receive, 
the company shall be liable to pay 
fieight for sucb doficieucy upon 
proper certificates being produced, 
signed by the officers above-menti- 
oned, of that ciraimstance. 

30. It is the intention of the 
court of directors to give an equal 
participation, on equal terms, to the 
Indian and to tlie British built .ships, 
in carrying private trade from India 
to Englaiid. If the ships sent from 
£ng1and,and those engaged in Bom- 
bay, under this advertisement, can- 
not, for want of sufficiency of pri- 
vate trade in the company^s ware- 
houses^ be loaded at one and tlie 
same time, they shall be loaded al* 
temately, firsts Briti:>h and then an 
Indian built ship^ and so in conti- 



nuation ; commenoing witli that 
Biitish ship whidi shall have reach- 
ed India the earliest, and with that 
Indian built ship, which shall have 
been fiist engaged in Bombay by 
the govenor in council. 

37. If any lascars or other native 
of Asia or Africa shall be carried to 
England on ships taken up under 
this advertisement, the owners shall 
be at the expence of their mainte- 
nance in England, and shaU, within 
twelve months after the arrival in 
England of the ships respectively, 
send back, at their own expence, the 
lascars to Bombay, 00 some other 
ship or ships proceeding to Bombay, 
under a penalty of lk\e hundred 
Sicca rupees for each person, over 
and above the expence of maintain- 
ing and sending them back to In- 
dia. 

38. If the cargoes of the ships 
shall not be landed within the fol- 
lowing periods, viz. 

Tons, 

12 days for ships of - 300' 
24 ditto ditto - - 850 

S ditto ditto - -400 
3 diuo ditto - - 450 
3 ditto ditto - - 500 

2 ditto ditto - - 550 

I ditto ditto - - 600 
and for ships abore 600 
tons, two additional days 
for every 50 tons, ex- 
ceeding 600 tons. 

After the ships shall have been 
reported at the custom house in 
London, demurrage shall be paid 
by the company for every day ex- 
ceeding tlmt time, at the rate ot** 
one shilling per ten tons per day. 

3g. The fireight shall be paid in 
Bombay as follows : 

One moiety upon the owner's 
producing to the governor in 
council a certificate from 
die proper officer in Eng- 
land of the delivery of the 
cargo. 

The 



16 ditto 


ditto - - 400 




18 diuo 


ditto - - 450 




20 ditto 


ditto - - 500 


BuiWer's 


22 ditto 


ditto - - 550 


^ measure- 


24 ditto 


ditto - - 600 


ment. 



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44 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



The remainder in ninety days 
after the production of the 
certificate above-mentioned . 

Should the latter payment be de- 
layed, the company shall pay inter- 
est on the same, at the rate of eight 
per cent, per annum, until payment 
he made. 

40 The owners of some of the 
shlp.s heretofore engaged for tlic 
company's service having expressed 
a dekire that the company should 
bear a proportion of a general ave- 
rage on k>ss or damage of ships and 
cargoes, it is judged expedient to 
dedhie, by this public notice, that 
the company will not consent to be 
parties to any loss, damage, or ex- 
pence incurred under the usual de- 
nominatioiis of general average, 
particular average, or any other 
average whatsoever; and the own- 
ers are required to signify their as- 
sent to this condition in their re- 
spective tenders, in order that a 
clause maybe inserted in the charter 
parties to that effect. 

41 . An impre.ss will be allowed 
at the rate of two pound ten shil- 
lings per ton, on the builder's mea- 
surement ; with an addition of one 
potmd ten shillings per ton, in the 
event of war^ in part of the war 
contingencies, the amount to be paid 
in Bombay, previously to the de- 
parture of the ships firom thence. 

42. Suc^ demurrage as may be* 
come due to .the owners of^tbt^ 
ships shall be paid in fiotebay, or 
in England, according as the same 
shall have been incurred in either 
country respectively. 

43. The proposal must express a 
peace freight without kentledge, at 
a rate (in poOnds sterling) per too* 
for as much as the ships xpay be 
able to carry, confarmably to the 
condition in article 26. 

44. Such war contingencies will 



be allowed the owners as, on c6n« 
sideration of the circumstances of 
the case, the governor in council 
may think proper to allow. 

45. In case of any saving to the 
owners, from an alteration in the 
situation of public afHtin, after such 
w:ir allowance is settled by a re- 
duction of t^ rate of insurance, 
or in the prices of stores and pro- 
visions, or upon any other accocmt 
beibre the ship's departiu-e firom 
Bombay, the owners shall deliver 
an account, upon honor, of such 
saving, and make an allowance 
to the Company accordingly. 

46. Agreeable to the 5 th section 
of the 1 1 3ih chap, of the Company^s 
bye laws, no tender of any ship will 
be accepted unless the same be 
made by one or more of the own- 
ers in writing, nor unless the names 
of all the owners be expressed 
therein. 

47. The owners shall give secu- 
rity for the performanoe of their 
proposal, for letting their respec- 
tive ships, in the sum of 3000/. 
sterling. 

48. The persons contracting 
with the Company for letting aajr 
ship or ships to freight, if they shaU 
transfer theirtight or interest in the 
ship or ships to other persons, pre- 
viously to the signing of the chap- 
ter parties, they shall nevertheless 
oblige thetnselves to take and exe- 
cute the several obligations and 
oaths intended to prevent the sale 
of commands. 

4^ Every ship shall catty, free 
of charge, all such packets as the 
govemor.in council may be desirous 
of sending by her to St. Helenajr 
or to Englatid ; and also ail such 
packets as the governor and coun- 
cil, at St. Helena, may be desirous 
of sending by her to England. 

50. Every ship which may be 
taken up under ^is adrertiseroent, 

it 



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BOMBAY OCCURBENCES FOR SEPTEMBER, 1603. 45 



if not alreacfy re^tered either in 
England or b India, shall be regis- 
tatd in Bombay, previously to her 
departure from Bombay. 

51. With a view to prevent, as 
much as possible, casualties du- 
ring the voyage, from the employ 
nent of lascars, in an unhealthy 
state, previoasly to the dispatch of 
CTciy ship from Bombay to Eng- 
land, the lascars ihall be brought 
upon deck and undergo an inpection 
by the superintendant or bis de- 
puty, and by the medical person 
who may be appointed, by the 
gornnor in council, to super- 
intend this duty -, and all lascars 
vfaoi in the judgment of the said 
io^iectors, shall not appezx to be 
in a fit state of health, to be em- 
ployed as mariners for the voyage 
to England, shall be forthwith dis- 
charged, and sent back, at the ex- 
pence of the owners, to Bombay ; 
and odier lascars or European sea- 
men shall be sent on board to com- 
plete die crew, to the number of sea- 
men required by the Qth article -, and 
until this be done tlie ship will not 
be permitted to proceed on her voy- 
age, and the owners shall not be al- 
lowed demurrage for such time as 
tiie ship may be so detained. 

52. The rate of exchange be- 
t^'ecn the pounds sterling and 
Bombay rupees shall, in the settle- 
meat of all accoroi)t6 at Bombay, 
be Fcgulated by the rates at which 
the governor in council may grant 
bills on the court of directors for 
the time. 

o3 In all other respects, not 
particularly provided for in any of 
tl'e foreign articles, the charter par- 
ties shall be drawn out as nearly a« 
circumstances miU admit of, in 
conformity with the charter parties 
for the regular ships in the Compa- 
ny s service. A draft of a char- 
ter party will be prepared as scon 



as possible, and sent to the mastct 
attendant's office for inspection. 

54. The follo^ving particulars are 
required to be stated in the tenders, 
in addition to tho.^e specified in the 
articles 2, 43, and 46. 

Name of tlie commander. 

Name of the builder: 

Time when the ship will be rea- 
dy to commence loading. 

Names of securities for the per- 
formance of cng;^gements. 

55, It is requested tliat the pro- 
posals be made out in the following 
form. 

J. A. GRANT, Esa. 

Secretary to government 

SIR, 

1. In pursuance of the adver- 
tisement bearing date the 

of respecting the freight- 

ing of ships to carry cargoes from 
Bonobay to England, in the sea- 
son of 1803-4 i I hereby tender 
the ship ( ) and 

fiubjoiii the further several particu- 
lars required. 

Owner 

inhabitant of 

Commander 

Built at 

In ihc vcar 

By 

Burthen by buiUlci *»nu*a- 

surt'mcnt tons [ v] 

Place where the ship 

now is [ 3 

The ship will be rr.idy 

to cofntncncc ioadinc 

by rhc [ ] 

piT ion. 
Pfacc Firight without kentlrd>-e. 

2. I assent to the condition in 
the 40th article, wherein it is 
stipulated that the Company^ ill 
not consent to be parties to any loss. 
damage, or expcnce, incurred un- 
der tlie usual denominations of 
general average, particular average* 
or any otl>er average vhaf soever ^ 
and I agree to all the other cnmXu 

tions 



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4(5. 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTEH, 1804. 



tions in the advertisement above- 
mentioned, and to the several con- 
ditions contained in the charter 
party. 

3. As securities for the perform- 
ance of my engagements, I tender 
[ ] whose declara- 

tions Of their assent to be my secu- 
rities as hereunto subjoined. 
1 am Sir, &c. 
Bombay, 

thi pf > 1803. 

We agree to be securities, 

[ ] 

[ ] 

56 . The proposals must be super- 
scribed "proposals for freighfing 
*' ships to carry the cargoes to 
England. 

ISLB OP FRAKCB DB6CRIBED. 

Extract from a Letter from the Isle 
of Prance, dated June 4, 1803. 

I arrived here extremely imwell, 
after a very tedious passage of 68 
days 5 have experienced more than 
30 days of calm ; at present I am 
better, and expect, from tlie salu- 
. brity of the air, to become stout. 
I find the inhabitants very civil ard 
hospitable having experienced av^ry 
friendly reception in every family. 
Tl^ women, as report justly said, 
are really very handsome ; and 
X their complexions as fresh and 
blooming as those in Europe. At 
church, and at a public display of 
fire- works, in honor of Buonaparte, 
the majority of the belles were pre- 
sent) such forms, eyes, grace, beau- 
^ ty iind dignity united, I never before 
j»aw on this side the Cape of Good 
Hope : to say I was pleased is not 
half enough, to add, however, that 
I wai lt)st in agreeable surprise, 
would be nearest the truth. 

The situation of tlie island must 
render it wholesome, although it is 
a mass of rocky mountains j it is 
9t present tlieir winter, and the in- 



habitants complain of cold ; fa|; tnf 
part it is just tolerable to walk in the 
sun. No palankeens are in use 
with the men ', — ^for the ladies they 
have small sedans, the same as ki 
Europe. The harbours are excel- 
lent ', the largest capable of accom- 
modating 400 sail^ the smallest, 
however, is most fit for business, 
the ships beii^ moored close to the 
shore, secured in a bason from all 
accidents. The French are very 
expert in their signals 5 on the seven 
principal mountains they are in- 
stantly repeated from the Mountain 
of Discovery, and a sail may be ea- 
sily discovco^ at 1 1 leagues, or 
33 miles. Hie island could never 
be taken by regular assault, bein|; 
well fortified by nature, and not a 
little assisted by art. All vessels 
are visited by a medical committee, 
before they are allowed to approach 
the outer anchorage, to prevent the 
introduction, from infection, of 
pestilential diseases; the vaccine 
innoculation is becoming in vogue, 
which will be a relief to the mis- 
V fortunes of last year, by the con* 
fluent small-pox. 

The houses are built entirely of 
wood, with the exception of the 
foundation, and about 8 feet of 
stone, above the surface of the 
earth ; the height and length of tlie 
rooms are very much coiSined, the 
former not exceeding 12 feet, and 
the greatest length I have seen not 
above 25 j the mode of papering, 
and having curtains to the doors 
and windows, gives them an air oi 
variety, and relieves the eye from 
the glare of white walls ; the win- 
dows and doors are very small, tlie 
former not 5 feet and the latter noi 
65 but the tout ensemble united, 
shews taste. The shops are exactly 
die same as in Europe, displaying 
true method, cleanliness and taste, 
which is not a littl<^ heightened by 

the 



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"BOMBAY OCCURRENCES FOR SEPTEMBER, 1803. 47 



the iloondng girls, who assist, and 
of coarse they bring custom. They 
have also a regular exchange for the 
transaction of business^ assembling 
both in the morning and evening> 
great activity prevails with concise- 
ness of method which facilitates 
the detail. The hours of breakfast, 
from 8 to 9 ; — Dinner, in disha* 
tilU at two, and supper at Q. — I 
have not yet been in the covmtry. 
I am told it is really and beautifully 
romantic, asses are used for the 
laddle and carts, the Fame as horses, 
of the latter not very plentiful. 
We have very convenient hot and 
cold baths, divided very cleverly, 
so that you are perfectly private, 
having accommodations of chairs, 
a couch, table, looking glasses, 
towels, 8cc. afterwards you may 
have breakfast in the coffee-room. 
There are hotels in every third 
street, the cooks are superlative, 
and living not very dear ; you may 
boafd at 4 dollars, or 8 rupees per 
day, and per month, you may have 
two excellent furnished rooms at 
24 rupees. A single person, with 
genktl economy, can live, includhig 
every expence, at 120 dollars, or 
240 mpees without having occasion 
for nxHe than one servant, — a great 
convenience, — which I like better 
than being tormented, as in Ben- 
gal, by a hord of lazy fools, or ra- 
ther knaves. Washing is very dearj 
I paid 8 rupees for every 100 pieces 
of linen washed on my arrival, and 
am now obliged to pay monthly 10 
rnpees ; European women perlbrm 
this service, assisted by tlie negres- 
«s;— the generality are really very 
'^amifbl, and well formed. At 
prwent ijiere is no good theatre, 
and the actors are execrable, but 
the new building will be very mag- 
nificent, though rather small; altho' 
r^ half finished, it has already cost 
^JiOOo dollars, or 120,000 Sicca 



rupees. The arrival of new acton 
from Paris is daily expected ; this 
amusement will then shine. Tbe 
public ball have not yet commen- 
ced ; an Englishman unacquainted 
with the French steps must not 
pretend to dance. The waltzes, a 
strange dance of the taking the 
ladies round the waist with both 
hands, to form the oval, are quite 
in vogue, and I am told very laugh- 
able, for it requires activity, good 
ear, and taste, to keep the time, 
which gives one an inclination to 
see this specimen of agility. 



THE WAHABEES — A NKW. SBCT* 

Extract of a Letter from Mocha, 
All the inhabitants below the 
mountains have either fled to th^m 
or to Mocha; but even at this 
place they do not find themselves in 
safety, for many of their cattle 
have been driven oiF, and several 
of themselves killed defending 
their property, within sight of the 
walls. 

All communication being cut of 
by land, and owing to a strong 
south wind, which prevailed three 
weeks by sea also, a thing unknown 
before at that time of the year, no 
further intelligence was received 
of what was passing to tlie north- 
ward until the 7th July, when two 
dows arrived from Hodeida fiill of 
fugitives, bringing accounts that 
the Wahabecs had made another 
desperate attack on that place, on 
the 3d July, ,when the Dola suc- 
ceeded in repulsing them; but not 
without reducing nearly tlie whole 
of that town to ashes. 

It appears the Dola went out to 
meet them, and was instantly put 
to flight, when in his retreat to the 
fort, he set the town on fire, to pre- 
vent them attacking him from the 
houses. Before this, Hodeida was 

said 



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48 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 180*. 



said to contain about four hundred 
brick houses, and about four tliou- 
sand grass ones, so intermixed that 
it was impossible to bum tl. * (i.^^ 
withoutnianyoftli^ others III uien;;o- 
ing tlie same fate; a* xoidingly witli 
thewhole strawhou<'.^ h:ilf tivj others 
were consumed, and with them 
much property, leaving not above 
two hundred houses in Hodeida 
standing. The Wahabees pressed 
very close and did not retire before 
they sastained considerable loss by 
the fire from the forts, and by get- 
ing entangled among the burning 
houses J they then encamped near 
the wells, and next day had tlie 
mortification of seeing manv of the 
heads of their friends, who nad ^1- 
len, stuck on the walls of the fort -, 
when they sent a message to the 
Dola, tliat if he did not surrender, 
the heads of him and his adherents 
should soon occupy their place, to 
which they received an answer of 
defiance. 

The inhabitants flock into Mocha 
daily ,in boats, as fist as they find con- 
veyance, and it is apprehended, un- 
less assisance is afforded, Hodeida 
cannot hold out fourteen days lon- 
ger, every supply from the country 
having been completely cut off for 
more dian two months past. In- 
deed, it would appear tlicy have 
laid aside all hopes, for the Eraar 
Bhar, who arrived from there a few 
days ago, has engaged houses here for 
tlie Dola and principal people of 
the place; and the eight dows, 
which had sailed from Mocha to 
Loheca, and had relumed to Hode- 
ida without effecting anything, had 
been detained there to bring them 
away, should they be obliged to 
evacuate the place ; so completely 
is the country, to tlie northward of 
Mocha, under the controul of the 
Wahabees, that tlie dispatches be- 
twceh Hodeida and Sana are obliged 



to pass betweoii Hod.-'i.h and Mo- 
ch.i, roc ! I 'I o.jn I !}• by sea. 

Ajcou:^.:>> fniii Saiii p-prcsent no- 
ih~:ii;" bi^t. a sc"!ie ot confiisioa 
tlioie; til'- ^V:iliab<"iei joined by a 
prur ot the T{os(h*^t Bukel are said 
i-'j be c:»ci\ric!i:L^ fast on l!v^ Imam 
in that qiiurfer, \\h\]c liii eldest H;id 
second sons are at open war con- 
cerning the measures to be t iken i 
lately their parties had aciualiy 
come to blows, but aO certain par- 
ticulars of tliis circumstance J^d 
been received. . .; oi 

The governnieut of Mocha are* 
makuig great pre|k)vatioiis for the 
defence of the town, by repairing, 
the fort walls, and erecting new^ 
works, and calling in troops frem. 
the interior ; but from the follow^- 
ing circumstances all iJieir prepa-. 
rations promise to be of little avail , 
— on the iOth instant four hundred | 
sepoys arrived here from|Dorcbat, , 
sent at tlie Dob's request; but he. 
would not suffer them to quarter iu^ 
the town as ihey wished, nor agree , 
totheir demands, which he thought, 
exorbitant 5 the consequence wasi'- 
tliat in the night of the J Bth of 
July, after plundering several of 
the inhabitants of the suburb, thejr^ 
WTnt off, committing the like de^* 
predations on all they met with on 
the road ; — by the last account ther^ 
were not two hundred sepoys in. 
Mocha, two-thirds of whom, Tto-' 
gether with an equal proportion o£. 
the inhabitants, wish the vVahabees 
in possession of it. 

The distiu-bnnces at Hedy-asan<L 
Yeman have had die mo§t niinous 
effect on tlic trade to the Arabian, 
gulph tliis season, and will conti- 
nue for some timej several ships 
bound for Judda did not proceed 
farther than Mocha, and sailed for 
Muskat, without landing any of 
their cargoes j and several others 
were about to sail from Mocha for 

India 



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BOMBAY OCCURRENCES POR SEPTEMBER, 1803. 4g 



IndU unda' like circtunstancet ; 
most of the cargo which has bee^ 
lauded remained unsold; merchants 
having nothing in view but to send 
all their ready cash out of the 
coontiy as fast as they can 5 long 
^ all the Hodeida coifee mer- 
<£aDt$, who were chiefly from Ha- 
dramant,left it for their own coun^ 
try. 



Dejeune. 

On Wednesday morning a nume- 
nnis company of ladies and gen- 
tlemen partook of an elegant break- 
6st on board the honorable Com- 
pany's ship Elphinstone, captain 
Craig, Ipng near the middleground, 
whidi was distinguished by every 
attention that politeness and hos- 
pitality could produce. Tlie party 
was honoured by the presence of 
the governor; and the fineness of the 
morning contributed to render the 
scene more pleasing and agreeable. 
Salutes were fired from the ship 
when the honorable tJie governor 
came on board, and on his return 
from the ship. 

Aka Husn, nephew of his ex- 
cellency Hagy Kheleel Khan, the 
late Per&iau anibassador; Mirza 
Mehedi Ali Khan ; and Meer Ab- 
dul Lateef Khan, with their atten- 
dants, were present on the above 
occasion ; which was an agreeable 
DoiFeity to them, and a pleasing va- 
riety in th^ hospitality and atten- 
tion which has been studiously ex- 
tended to the ambassador's ^mily 
at this presidency, both in public 
and private, since his excellency's 
much lamented death. 

Fencihle Reghnent. 

On Monday afternoon the honor- 
able Company's fencible regiment 
vas inspected by the honorable the 
governor, as their colonel ; the 
Vol Q. t 



' parade was commanded by lieute- 
nant colonel Lechmere, and was 
visited by a numerous assemblage of 
ladies and gentlemen as spectators. 
In addition to the honorable the 
governor and his suite, we obsen^ed 
the recorder, the officer command- 
ing in chief, major Malcolm, the Per- 
sian ambassador, adjutant-general, 
and many others. It is but justice 
to the officers and men of tJiis va- 
luable corps to mention, that the 
manner in which they went through 
their different manoeuvres, reflected 
the highest credit on their zeal and 
attention, as well as upon tho^e who 
have assisted in bringing it to such 
a state of forwardness — Sentiments, 
however, which are more fully ex- 
pressed in the following orders, 
were issued by the honourable the 
governor on the occasion : — At a 
time when we are again menaced 
by the restless ambition of an im- 
placable foe, it must be a pleasing 
reflection to every well-wisher of 
his country, to find that the pa- 
triotic spirit which j>ervades all 
classes in England, is equally pre- 
valent in our British possessions in 
the east. 

The honorable the governor gave 
an elegant dinner to the officers of 
the Fencible corps, and the even- 
ing was concluded with the most 
cbnvivial hilarity. 



1803.. 



Bombay Castle, Sept. 2 
PRESIDENCY ORDERS. 

'^ The honorable the governor 
had, as colonel of the fencible corps, 
much satisfaction in observing, at 
the inspection of it yesterday, the 
advanced state which the cffficers 
and men have so creditably attained 
in their exercise, the precision with 
which tliey performed the several 
evolutions, and their general steady 
and soldier-like, appearance under 
arms. 



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ABUtf e AimUAL KEGlStKR, vm: 



^^^t\as Gdf^emor d^k«t en- this 
occAskm t« Mcprew fafts ptrticalar 
licknowle(%mai^ toiieuteoiftit o^ 
teiiri Lechtoorefc the ^Ikig «0in« 

Sindant, a6 Well a« tfr the othet 
Id officers I Mid likewise to the 
li^olating GSiUctt captahis, wrtnii* 
teit»> H^ adjutant.** 



iiaiit df iBi^eiy «Uid M^nein^, 
'George Bridget fieh^. 

"By fcomriiand of his excellency, 
fW.K. CHAPMANT, Secretar)^\ 
titkertiOitat Holise, Juhc4, 18C«. 



Occiirrcii^ 



woTAfrt Sat. 
Attract of a Letter. 

On tlie 5th instant arrived the 
snow Harington, Captain Camp- 
bell, from Port Jackson> left the 
9th June, and Amboyna the 2&th 
August. 

By the above arrival, we learn 
the British establishments in the 
vicinity of Botany Bay are in the 
most hounshing condition. Agri- 
culture is in a rapid state of im- 
provement, and ship building car- 
ried on with success, with the 
timber found in the country j a 
coal-mine recently discovered, had 
also added vexy considerably to the 
process of manufactures, and the 
Cumtbrt of the British inhabitantg. 
The climate had proved salubrious 
beyond all expectation. The ther- 
mometer seldom rase above 74, ©r 
fell below 66. — Sickness, even 
anfiong the convicts, was hardly 
kAown, and the deaths bearing 
no proportvon to the oomeroua 
birtlis. 



■ '' ' GE!CEBAL ORI>ERS. 

, , , > / Sidney Cove, June S^ 1803* 
- Tlie royal standard having been 
hoisted,, ior the first time, in thid 
teftlloryi: on the atmiMersary of hia 
Majesty la f;brrth, hfis - esoellenqr- ia 
-peas^jA U> extend th6 royal ^dti 
aiid fr^.pavdun^tQjoolouial beaie^ 



Barparoiis l^ccutitm. 

,, Duripff a late solemn, festiy^ 
held by the king of Canay« oa soffiie 
reliffious occasion^ major I^vy^ pS 
his Majesty's Malay regiment, m^ 
lieutenant Humphreys,- ^ th^ 
Bengal Artillery, were brought if^ 
and executed, and thfit thej9$^ti\!^ 
prisoners who then rtnpained ,^. 
possession of the king of Co^dy^ 
were muttilated by cutting off tb^ 
ears and noses, and dis^iip^ ^ 
the British settlements. . ^^ 

From the very great insub<Mx!i- 
nation that prevails in many 6f tlie 
districts of Ceylon, t^e hpopui^le 
governor North, has tfeou^t\i^ 
expedient to put the is^ud under 
martial law. 



HEAD QUARTERS. 

Coljiimbo, Sq?p|j^r ^.^ 189^^. 
G, O. By tlie (io\-emoi;^ ;,, h 

The <Jovettior' liM* !dl^sert*d, 
trkh ^peculiar «aMt«^ttiUh6fniti|tf^ 
«jri«fl4if'Ven*jttdged atkl^'Wdt^jt^ 
ecuted operations by w4kieh eli^ 
tain H«rbwt-Bea*fcP,iof<^«he^imh 
r^im^nt, liaii hidterto^ pj^oc^Med 
in lettove^fig the ihipmaM f^S-^ 
vince of Mature, ildiit'^^ftiie '<%ti^ 
diam, and ki bringing ^iick'' W 
deluded hihnbitiirt tstto f hfeif-duiv.i— ^ 
llht indefatigable activity;,$eal/%id 
Ability, wbfcb that offitenhtfi dtS^ 
played^ wncie hifl a^Um^ckm ofWlie^ 
comihanidin-tha^disirtet,. hd^ folly 
^ jui»tified 



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CEYLON: QOCUBtWNqSS F0»' SJFTEMBER, 1803. Si 



jostiSed t|e high opinion which his 
excellency liad formed of him from 
his forme* services, and which in- 
daced him to appoint bim to that 
arduous station in a time of such 
extreme difEcvdty and discourage- 
ment His excellency is highly 
pleased witii the $nn, temperate, 
and, humane coDduct of captain 
hasH Shorn/ ofthe 5 isi rq;iment, 
at Beihgham, and has no doubt 
bat dia)t.$p striking a^ iQst^ce of 
JTQstice and clemency, at the pre- 
^t'lflomenr, will haVe fte most 
bttiAfM efiect on Oie fiative mha- 
bitants o^ dtese settlements. Tte 
Gtjreroor retfuests captab Beaver 
toeommunhate ixTs tiianks to the 
officerr'tmder his comrmdnd, and 
te assort this non-conimfssioned 
offices ittfd^ pHi^t^s, of his high 
apptt^tibn of the zeal, actrvity, 
*d Altoiq^i w^tb which they hate 
pAfermedtfecif fete active services. 

Bj hw excellency 5 . command^ 

', 0iie/ sec, tQ gQvL 
. ^y praeir of major ge^ral.Mac- 

' (Signed) 'R. MOWBRAY. 

^ct, dtpt. adf, gen, 

" * ^ ' ' ' September 5, 180S. 
'CriO. By major general Mac- 
dowafl. ' 

'She IbUowitig order by his fex- 
cd)^c^<het99¥ientor» ispiiUisbed 
hjjb)» deldre Co ttieitnoopasecriDg 

.)(.IG^:04 Bythe SoTOCfto*.. 
• lli^^^^venKH: ^eqo^^ lUente*- 

^:^ j^veal ability, &ee|ines& and 
m^repMi^ wbtcb be ha$ displayed 
ia tii^4e^Dce of Hangweile. 

He,f^fet$i aificerelv, ihat the 
health of that o^cer has suffered 
hybis successful and honourable 
exertions ;, and considers it of too 



mucb value to be endangered by a 
kmger continuance in so arduous 
aod iadguing a command. 

His exceUencybaa heard, with 
great pleasure, bow ably and effec- 
tually lieutenant Mercer has been 
seconded by lieutenant Mc Veagh, 
of his Majesty's 77th regiment, 
doing duty with the 51st, and all 
the officers of bis detachment, and 
highly approves of the spirited 
and zealous conduct of the non- 
commissioned officers and privates. 
By his excellency** command, 

(Signed) R.ARBUTHNOT. 
Chief sec. to govt. 

By order of major general Mac- 
do wall. 

(S^ned) R.MOWBRAY, 

Act, dept, adj. gen. 

Yesterday morning, at ten o'dock, 
the post of Hangwelle was at- 
tacked by the grand army^of the 
Candians, supposed to be com- 
manded by the king in person. 

The combat last«l for about two 
hours, and ended in die complete 
repobe of the enemy, with very 
considerable slaughter. 

We have taken a royal Canadian 
standard, two English 6-pounders, 
about one hundred stand of Eng- 
lish muskets^ various boxes of 
ammuniticn, round and grape, the 
eree«e> and sash of a Malay, of 
high rank, and many accoutre- 
ments. 

But our most important acquisi- 
tion has been the recovery of our 
Bengal and Madras lascars, taken 
at Candy, to tlie number of more 
than one htmdred. Many of those 
unfortunate men had been slaugh- 
tered by our artillery, at the begin- 
ning of the action, having been 
fbrrad to serve the Candian guns. 
One man only on our side (Fraser 
of the 51st) has been wounded on 
D 2 tJiis 



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'52 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1604. 



this occasion, by a spear iQ the 
thigh. 

; Captain W. Pollock, of liis 
IViJajesty's 51st regirpent, who 
commanded in this glorious affair, 
gives tlie highest commendation to 
die offic^^rs and men who sen'ed 

;Uiider him. 

, As the Candians have lost the 
artillery and the lascars, on whom 
they placed their chief dependence, 
and as a reinforcement was sent up 
to Hangwelle last night, under the 

- command of captain Frederic Han- 
key, of his Majesty's Ipth regt. 
"we may ho|)e for the most bene- 

, ficialcpnsequences from this event. 
Previous to this attack, two 
others had been made on the post 
of Hangwelle, on the 3d and 4th 

, of this month, and repelled with 
, great vigour by lieutenant Mercer, 
who then commanded; the j$e- 
cond was attended with consider- 
able bloodshed on the part of the 
enemy. » 

; Accounts from Matura still con- 
ftnue extremely favorable. The 
head-quarters of tlie Candians at 
Dindpittin, in that district, were 
forced by captam Beavei", on the 

' 29th ult. and notliing but the pre- 
cipitate retreat of 3ie enemy in 
thaty and sevedral other occasions, 

(prevented the greatest daughter of 
them. 

Tranquillity is again returning so 
fast io tliat province, that captain 
Jgmes Sbortt, of bia Maj^ty's 51st 
regiment, who was detached to 
punish .tlvejrebellious inhabitanta of 
i j^'dligk^m,: found tliat populous 
vil^f^. restored to perfect quiet, 
and was.ai^i^ to4:<^traiu the execu- 
tion of his<ird«?rs,Jo,the destrucjion 
ef tl^f^i^fi^ ,,aad J^^ijses , ^^df the 
most cqJ|)abj|/» an^ong th^m, "jvho 
had been^drjvcn. frpr^ the pljtce, 
whei:«;}>^iiws^, received with every 
. 'Jt9^^fy(iy 01 submission*^ndre$p^ci. 



The enemy has been conapletely 
driven from the neighbourhood of 
Chilow, which place they had again 
attacked with great force, by the ex- 
ertions of captain Robert Blackall 
and ensign White, of the 51st, 
who cofnmanded separate detacb- 
ments^ and arrived ther^ succes- 
ftivel^^'on the 30th and 3Ith ult to 
the relief of the brave, but ^rnall 

farrison of sepoys and invalid 
Malays, which had held out with 
surprising perseverance under the 
conduct of Mr.W. E. Catnp|)eU, 
agent of revenue, and M^". J. 
Deane, the provincial judge. 

Important Victory. 
G. O. by the Governor, 13th Sept. 18c 3- 
Capt. William Pollock, of his 
Majesly*s 51st regiment^ in com- 
mand of a detachment from the 
garrison of Columbo, having, by a 
rapid succession of brilliant and 
important victories, driven the 
grand army of the Candians, com- 
manded by the king in person, out 
of the British territories, taken all 
their artillery, and their royal stand- 
ard, recovered from them many of 
the malays and gun-Jascars who 
were matle prisoners, by trencher)', 
at Candy, and finally seized the 
magazine and stores prepared, by 
them at llooanelly within their own 
limits, his excellency the gover- 
nor is unable to express, in ade- 
quate terms, his lively sense of tlie 
^ruat services rendered to his go- 
vernment by that distinguished of- 
ficer, and tfhe small, but heroic de- 
tachment he commands. 
. He requests him, however, tq ac- 
^cept liis thanks, aiid to conupuni- 
cate (hem lo capt. John niu:tiah', of 
his "ifajcsty's Ceylon native iiifan- 
Ijy, ca^t. Frederic Hankey, o^tis 
'Majesty's i()lh /egimcut, aiid^'all 
^ the (Ulicers who have so hgbly'se- 
'coiided his exertions, as well as 10 

Mr. 



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CEYLON OCCUREENCES JFOR SEPTEMBER, 1803. 53 



Mr. J. Orr, assistant surgeon of the 
Bengal artillery, for the signal ser- 
\iceL rendered by him, in taking 

v*...;-^c of tiiv. lascar.-, .v L^.i^ v, ^ ; ^co- 
vered from the enemy. 

His excellency further desires 
captain Pollock to assure the non- 
coramissioned officers and privates 
of his high approbation of their 
spirited and. exemplary conduct. 

popy of a Letter from capt. IVm, 
Pollock, cominanding th^ de- 
^Jachment on the ex-pedition to 
I 'Tbwaneile, to captain R. Mote- 
hrmf, acting dep. adj. general, 
dated Ainsavelle, ZOth Septem- 
ber, IBW. 

Sir, _, 

I have the honor to report^ for 
the information of major general 
Macdowallj that I marched yester- 
day morning with the detachment 
under my command for Rowanelle. 
I foand the enemy posted at all the 
passes on the road and very strong 
batteries erected for their defence, 
fironi which they were driven with 
considerable slaughter ^ and I am 
happy to say with only the loss of 
one gun lascar tindal wounded on 
o\\x side. On arriving at Rowanelle 
river we found the opposite bank 
Koed with batteries and several piece a 
of pnnon, from which the enemy 
kept up a heavy fire of round and 
grape shot/ and a constant fire of 
tosquetry : not being sufficiently 
acquainted with the stale of the 
,m*erto attempt fording it imme- 
diately, tJie detachment was here 
obliged to halt a few minutes: ' 
when a ford was discovered, capt. 
Hankey and lieutenant Alercer, 
witli the advance, 'instantly pushed 
over, and capt. Buchan, with his 
; detachment, appearing at this mo- 
j ment on the Enemy's right flank, 
they fled in all directions. 
, ,_ 1 have the honor to inclose a re- 

T 



turn of ordnance and stores captured 
upon this occasion, ail of which I 
have brought off. I have much plea- 
sure in reporting the good behavior of 
the whole detachment, and the obli- 
gations I am under to capt. Euchan 
for the efiectual supp(n-t he aflbrded 
me, notwithstandmg the great diffi- 
culties he had to encounter "firoih 
the extreme badness of the road by 
which he advanced on the nortii 
bank of the Calany G^tnga. The 
two detachments took up their 
quarters for the night in theprface, 
and this morning, finding the ene- 
my had retreated into the interior 
of their letritory, Ivordered the pa- 
lace and village of Rowanelle to be 
burnt, which was completeiy done, 
and I returned here about eleven 
o'clock. 

I shall proceed to-monow to 
Hangwelle, and there await gen- 
eral Macdowali's further orders. 

I have the honor to be, 

.Sir, your obed ent servant, 
(Signed) W. Poxlock, 
Captain 5fist, regt, 

A return of the Ordnance Stores ta* 
• ken at Rowanelle, 

Three light 6 pounders mounted 
on travelling carriages ; one light 
3 pounder ditto, ditto. 

Two ^f inch mortars with beds. 

Seventy-six 6 pounder flannel car- 
tridges, with round shot iixed to 
wood bottoms. 

Twenty 3 pounder flannel car- 
tridges with case shot fixed to 
wood bottoms. 

Fi% 4| inch mortar shells. 

One hundred and fift}' imn round 
shot, from 1^ to 2 poundeots 

Three 6 potrnder spunges. 

Three 6 pounder ladles. 

Three d pcAinderwadhooks. 

Two 3 pounder spttnges. 

Three 3 pounder ladles. 

Thread pounder yra^ooks. 

b 3 • Fifty-sevc n 



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54 



ASIATIC ANNUAL BECJI6TBR, Ift^ 



/ •{ ") 



Fifl7--90veo 6 poander tobes. 

£ighty-six portfii^s. 

Seventy hand grenades. 

(Signed) J. Woms^SY. lieut 
Royal Ttgt. art. and com^ mtL 
Some cam(> equips^ and an ele* 

fhtioi were also taken. 

Accounts tiBceived from major 
Evans and captain Blackall, inform 
us^ that the districts of Putlangand 
Chilaw are restored to perfect 
tranquillity. 

The Candians hsire also entirely 
evacuated the district of Gaile, and 
the inhabitants of the villages lately 
occcupied by them have retumcxi 
so eff«:tually to their duty, that 
they have invited the renters (o 
come l^ack among them and eon- 
tinue collecting their rents. 

The first Aaigaar has retreeted 
from the district of Matura^ which 
is nearly reduced to obedience; 
and the regular comBUinicatien is 
again established with Taogalle. 
Hambangtotte it is supposed has 
not been evacuated. 

No mails have arrived from 
Manar since the 28th ult. but mea- 
sures have been taken to open the 
c6mmunication, and re*establish 
the Tappal stations. 

The consequences of the glo- 
rious defence o£ H«ii^wel(e on the 
6th of this month, have been ^Ul 
more important than we had rea- 
son to expect. 

The king of Candy was there in 
person, but retreated with preci- 
pitation as soon as the firing begun, 
in his flight he wascvertaken by 
. Leuke Ralebamy, dessave of the 
ioiiT Corles^ and the Maha Mo- 
hotiar or chief secretary, of state, 
both of whose heads,, in the vio- 
lence of his iudi^tuition, &e or- 
dered to be immediately ^tnick o^, 
and left their dead bod^'ucJburied 
iu a ravine n^ar the Koyberg^' Nor 



did hii crodty stop l^ere^ f^:'« 
number of carcases which paaaed 
dowin the river^ by Haf^sRe^cfoid 
since> to the great pass near tbfs 
place, prove ^that the execution ^pt 
bis own subjects has been con^ 
derable. and indiscriminate. Ijlif 
slaughter made of them ^7 ous 
troops was great indeed, as all tbf 
roacU near Haogwelle are repr^sc^ 
ted as being .strewed with the ai^n, 
and our' coolies were employod ip 
burying t^em, during the two,4ays 
subsequent to the battle. . 

On the ninth, in the mornjnf^ 
cap(. Pollock, marched lorwar4» 
accompanied by captaia Hank^y, 
lieuts. Nfercer and M' Veagh, of 
the infiintry, and Worsley. o£ thp 
royal artilleiy, witb a detachment of 
80 ranked file, Europeans, and ,70 
rank and^e, aepoys,witb twosaciaU 
coLoms^ anda party of Bengal gopr 
lascars.; and having driven die «qe- 
mv from the strong post of K^Uo^ 
gille, where they were stationed in 
considerable force, under the ^aa- 
.mand of (be new dessave €)f the 
four Corles^ilately of Oova) pass^ 
Royberg without opposition^ a^d 
halted tor the night at Aloei Ai^- 
hulum,,,aboutri6. Engjish. n^Ues 
. from Hangwelle, - . :: 

Qn/the tenth,, capt^ PoUgiQik 
m'pcedled by the very strong pq^ 
. Fooa juttia (wbick the enemy had 
.abandoned) to Avisavella, and po- 
sing the river, ente;red the Cacdian 
territory at Sitawaka. , About fhree 
xmUa beyond the last men^c^^ 
place, be drove tike !ppp4i9ps 
uom a ^ong battery, at , AjMqIa 
Ktty, where Jbe passed 4Jb|^ j^igjit 
andihe.nevtday, to give tiop^to 
.captain John Budian, Qi^M^' 
jesty's Ceylon native '^ha^,^f^ 
had passed with a detsicfapientfi'flin 
Neigum)^ through tbp AJ<ietc«er, 
flappi^tigam,. anj Hinp Qw[f^^^ 
'j;- ,; ii" J.4 u'J 
arrive 



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CEYLON OCCURftENCES FOR SCKTEMREB; 1803. 8$ 



anitfe a^'Menegodde on the oppo 
ntesideof theOrianyGtn^. 
' Captain Buchmi had peHbrmed 
his'niSTch with xxm^iideraMe dtffi* 
ctil(y ftotfi the roads, (wiieh 'h$ 
overcome with great judgment and 
fje^sevcrence) but ^vitb little oppo* 
ikioDfrora the enemy or the Pe- 
Ws; near Moofforampilty he had 
be<^ attacked, but repulsed the 
aswdams, killed three of them, 
and took one prisoner. 

While he wa$ on his march a 
party of thirty-six Mahys (of those 
taken at Candy) came into him 
from the army of the second Adi- 
who, and was proceedmg from the 
seven Corles to join the king of 
Rowandle. 

* On the morning of the 12th, 
l»th detacliments marched forward, 
«id that of c^pt. Pbflock, ^t a pbce 
called Or^anoaj about 5 miles from 
Apoola PSty, fell in with the re- 
mains* of the- ^and' army of the 
Catfditos wbidi YtM been defeated 
at Harigwelle, teinforced by that 
'which'^tbe iecond Adignar had 
^©Tooght frohx the ^even Corles. 
Th^iseemed determined to make 
i!i(» obstzilate resistance, so much so 
Aaf six: aad twenty of their men, 
including two Mohattiiirs, were 
»b$n in the battery- their whofe 
army then fled, and captain VoA- 
lock proceSeded, with httle more 
tifposnion, to Kowanelle,' where he 
was joined by captain Baclian. 

' That \'illage, the rtost comm^- 
cial and pc^uloits In ' the kingdom 
«f Cfflidy, then fell into 'bur hands, 
together with ttiag^tinefs and stories 
' of artillery, ammifnition, and pno- 
Vii^dds, which the king of Candy 
'fiikl'been lorigpi^aring for his late 
' nnfotttttwte expedition, and a pa- 
lace w%R^b he 'had, caused to be 
'tt«^4htft^ iti a v^ elegant and 
fuiflp^tMkto -sty te-; according to tfae 
Cingalese taste. 



This palace, together wffb eJevvft ' 
hundred houses, hais been botned. 

The troops letutned yesterday 
morning (19th) toSitaws^a. 

Our loss in all these atfain has 
been exceetfingly trifling, viz. at 
Uangwelle, on the 6th, one private 
of the 65th wounded , at Kalova** 

ge, on the 9th, 2 European sol- 
rs wounded ; at Organda, on the 
1 2th, one gun lascar wounded ; in 
captain Buchan*s detachment, one 
lascar wounded. 

We have recovered sixty-two 
mala3's and a hundred and my goft 
lascart, Bengal and Madras. 

Artillery taken at Hangwelle, 

Two 6 pounders, one 3 pounder, 
i:K) English firelocks^ the Can- 
dian royal standard, a number uf 
Chiogalese guns. 

The hopes expressed in our last, 
of Hambagtotte being still in our 
pbssession have been reali^d. — 
Ensign Riddle was ordered to march 
there from Tangalle on the lOth, 
and arrived on the 11th %vitho\;it 
opposition. The garrison, consist- 
ing of about sixty invalid malays, 
under tlie command of ensign Pten- 
dergrast, had been in a state of 
blockade, since the 23d ult. upon 
the land side, although a vessel, 
moored in the hart>our, afforded a 
secure retreat by sea in case of ne- 
cessity. 

During the blockade, ensign 
Pendergrast made several sorties 
which were -attended with uniform 
success ; drove the enetny from 
theiir advanced batteries, and tot>k 
from them seven Cingalese gvis 
Without any loss on .our side. 

Upon the ()th inst. he receh'fe^ a 
reinlorcemeiit of a cor^ral";^d 
eight men of thd royal aftiH^, 
fipm his Majesty^s frigate Wilfiel- 
xnbay bobtld 'for Gall**- ijtid* €o- 
4 lumbo« 



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56 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, ISO*. 



lumbo, but which had put iato 
^Hambangtotte road. 

On the 19th inst. the cutter 
Swallow arrived at Point de Galle, 
bringing mails from Madras from 



the 23d ult. to the 4th inst. These 
packets hail been forwarded hotAi 
Manaar to Ramnad,andlix)m thence 
to Tutocoreen where they were! 
embarked on board the ^waUotr« 



Bengal Occurrences for October^ 1803. 



Royal Visit, 
Fort William, Oct. I, 1803. 
A dispatch, of which the fol- 
lowing is an extract, was yesterday 
received by his excellency the most 
noble the governor general, from 
his excellency tlie commander in. 
chief. 

To his excellennf the most nohle 
marquis IVetlesleyi governor- 
general, tS^c, 
My Lord, 
I have the honour to inform ydnr 
lordship, that in consequence 6f the 
ho»r fixed upon by his majesty, I 
yesterday, attended by the chief 
officers of the army, waited on his- 
mi^sty at his palace in the fort. 

AJcber Shah, his majesty !& eldest 
son>came to my camp toconduct line. 
'His majesty receK^ed me seated 
OB thisithrone, when the present!* 
were delivered^ and the forms usual 
OK those occasions were observed. 

, His majesty, and his iwhole 
cQUfti were unandmous in testifying 
theiti-joy at the change that has 
tokea plaee iii their fortuines. * ' 
?i haVe:tbe honor to -be^ 
i.'^ ir Mf Lord, 
YouiJ lordship'* nojostfaitlifiil, 
rv V ;,:. J: V :. Hunible servant, 
rn'opSligiied) *. G^'liAKiB. 
Hfidil-^arrcRiiCajTjp^ ■Dcr&i, *. 



burnt at sea, wbi^h tlie Active ieU ^ 
in wiih a few days before getting;, 
her pilate. The coiyecture of her 
having been timber laden, and con- 
sequently from Ragoon, ' seems 
plausible ij »but we luid^tand, t'y 
the arrival of thp Gilrt^orf^^ xhat hQ'^ 
vessel had mailed £ifom tfepl, ptafpe^ 
prewipp^.ta^icr dfiiw^rerbat wh^t.i 
had ^rrive^ 4^*^^ Whatever, ve«f^;» 
sel, howeyei:,^it mgy ^{timatety; 
prove iQ( be*, the i&^ of herxr^wJc^ : 
a sub]ex;j: vh^^l^iDaust interest Itbft 
feeliiigs of the^public j > but i t is. ta . , 
be liop^ tliey may have* escaped u^n 
tlieir boats, and 4rea<;he4^ni^ pliboa: 
in safety,, in wl^ich; ca?» .i^t qaoQQjt,'^ 
be long ere the uufortupatfi> yesspj, , 
will be jdenufied. :, 

'* The Active, ,/Qaptain Ston^y/ 
sailed fiopi- Pinang -cfi , the ,,3d pf „ 
Semetubfir^ and touched ,;OfBi tfae 
c'tUereni por^ts of jj^e 0(?afi| of Pt^-j 
dierj ^w a ship of,* suspicious,; 
nature off Acheen, which pur^ue^.; 
tli(e ^ctivA^^for some, ti^ie - witiK^it 
noaringibi^-. , , . " ^ . -.: , 

,*^The;Acave^ on -tjie ^th^jii^^^ic 
iulat.;5fV6,.abqut s^x leagues .jlj^. 1 
the east w^d of ^e east^u <e4ge Hj j 
the.Sw^^ ftjl) jn w^thave§sej'rt!a!^jvj 
app^'ar<?d to , be bprut U> tjie ^atejc> : ^ 
etlgfh ^iMoli . tl^ey ^lipposefi to ; JS>ft. t * 
timber laden, by her iloatii^i i^,.i 
apj^arafXfC :pt., ^i)y ,thjing,>ih(^^ 
, watei' bui tf)atMO;^iJWi^ipfjfa;^^i[ftti ^ 



4fWeH(^&M^k discover€d,^t , ., mai^ti/ au4 ap> tli^^^: ^. diffeiWt^ .4 
vnpboTi bnf. .-^r, . ^ ,.: ^ • -. . times broHe. >^ppn t^leH^y v^cJs, it vfa^ 
Jj^^4^}py'i!^^f^}^^X^c^Ws^, J perceived she must liave been 21 
xeg^f^ig the wrick Qi a vessel vessel of large burthen. 

When 



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BtfeCGAL OCCURRENCES FOR OCTOBER, 1803. Sf 



' Wfien theActive saw tbc wreck, 
sko.vas steering a divect coune for 
kr, and had it been at night, mMS!& 
hnv gone tipoa it; aod to dear* 
wbi^ibe was obliged to haiil up 
from her course about three points : 
she was going at the rate of eight, 
knots, with a fresh breeze of wind 
and squally weather, at the time, 
which prevented Aose oh board 
from sending a boat to exanune 
mote partiuuariy iiito the state of 
tfic'Vteck/' 

,... RmarkahU Occurrence. 

The officers of the shipping at 
Sailor were a few days srtjce pre- 
s^ftted with a noYel spectacle. — A 
Wjs #as observed floathig with the 
tidrrh such a manner 'as dearly to 
iiidieale th&t ^M was either desti- 
tute bf people, or^at she had no 
saifers "Oh hbflffd.'i^lD ^nsequence 
otWhidi an^officer tif tfie Davay- 
n«, aS'wft'hrftebeeti given toun- 
derkandi Went on board, ahd was 
c(MtitiedlD ^ieopiition which had, 
0^ the \ »^s^ fihrf i^ppearatlce, been 
entertained,— no btnnan creature 
liTteg fo lie fifftnd.-^It^is said on 
sdtee parts -bf her<iecki tfie Hiarks 
of Uodd w«re strrkingfy apparent, 
and tot hi her cabin 'were fbunc^ 
thiBbkwtf-stained clothes' of an Eu- 
ro^ettn."' ■ 

-A»Ae vesselViJarg^^ cousin* of 
salt, it is probable she is iast from 
lonrtf place on the roast ^f Coro- 
m&Adeli in which ^ase we may eX'' 
pefct ^aaa to be inftormed of the 
p^«»ns xmt^es who composed the 
crewy'ifnbtliiug further should 
transpire respecting ^is extrlaoidi* 
na?y aflbir. ' 

IFbe* vc$8^ h at present in a^Jlac^ 
of%tfetjr>to ^hich she wai conv-ey* 
etf by tiapia?© Green, of tfce^ Md> 
miW, ^w^ took her imtow. 



New launches. 

On Saturday afternoon, at two 
o'clock, was launched from the yard 
of Messrs. John Gilmore and Co. 
a yacht, of beautiful constraction, 
of about 100 tons burthen, named 
tlie marchioness WeJlesley, and in- 
tended for the resident of Hidgel- 
lee.— -This little vessel is considered 
the corapletest of the kind ever 
built here, combining the necessary 
qualities of accommodation for the 
river, and of a merchantman for 
«efl. 

On Satvmiay tlie 1 st instant was 
launched at Chittagong, a most 
complete and well-constructed ves- 
sel, burthen about 300 tons, built 
bv Mr. Brecn — She was named the 
'*Heber 

Dreadful Earthquake, 
JExtract:— *• Matura, Sept. 24, 1803. 

^ On the night between the 31st 
August, and the Ist of September, 
at half an hour after midnight, a 
severe shock of aa earthquake was 
felt at this place, which IsBted fisr 
many minutes, and was violent b^ 
yosd the memory of man. Pro- 
bably not a living creamre in tho 
pkice, but was roused from his 
shiotbers by the alarm, and felt its 
efieots. Many of the Pucka build- 
ings were cast down, an4 2^nanesj 
hitherto unassailed by violence, 
v,'em deserted, and their fair inha- 
bitants took refuge in the streets 
and in the fields, in dishabilles 
which had no effect to conceal, and 
in an affright which elevated their 
charms, seeking protection with 
men, whose visages it would other- 
wise have disgraced them to be« 
hold. — The night was calm, and 
enjoyed the mil influence of a 
bright moon -, ^and when the alarm 
' was over, the blushes and modesty 
of the fair deserters of then: conse- 
crated 



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ASTATIC ANNUAL REGrSTER, 1804. 



crated mansions, afibrded a pleasing 
contrast to tlieir previous distresses, 
and amply consoled their protectors 
for the desolation they had sobered 
in their own houses. 

" Noorul Nissa Balgam, a beau- 
tiful and accomplished woman^theo 
pregnant with her thicd child, to 
the unspeakable afBictbn of her 
hasband„ was unfortunately killed 
.by theialltng of a tile, under which 
she IukI run for safety : — and ano- 
likr lady of eminence was cruelly 
put to death upon a suspicion ot 
gallantry with the person who at- 
tended her in her flight, though 
who% unwarranted by any other 
appearance of suspicion than the 
disordered state of the few gar* 
inents they respectively bore. 

** In tlie morn'mg very extensive 
^simres were observed in the iields, 
Which had been caused by the p^* 
cussiooof the night before, through 
whichv water rose with great vio- 
lence, and jcootioneft to run to the 
present date, : though its violence 
has gradually abated. ThiB has 
been a great benefit to the heigh- 
bouring Ryotts^ as they were tfaeoefe 
«aabledio draw the water over their 
parched fiekb.; 

*' The ^ocipel MoBqtte of the 
plaoe^ • erected oq an emineooe by 
the &mou8 Gkiuae Kfaaun, as a 
token of lue^oo^ over the infi* 
deiity of . the Hiodu8> has been 
'shattered to piecea, and acosiatder- 
able part cf, the dome was awaUow- 
ed up during the opening of the 
earth. ^ 

*' Several slighter shodcf ha^ 
since otcoired^ bnt I do not hear 
tiiey have ocbasiobed any further 
.damnage,'^ 

. JGOVEENHEm . VOmBlCXTtOKS. 
Fort WaKitoi.'lHiMrc'D^. 

: -1 ' ^ Oct. ie^ lateL' 

^ : in: The public ace heret^' i^ 



formed, that the^ ttil vt Tfetstfr e fr j^ 
the presidency, the resident at Luc- 
now, and the several collectors of 
the land revenue, have been autho- 
rifiBed toreceive, until further ordera, 
any sums of money in even hund^ 
rada (not being less than Sioto ru« 
pees one thM^ad) which may^ 
tendered dti loan to the honora^ 
company^ at an intei^egt of eight 
per cent, per annutDi as hereafter 
specified. 

2d. The abovfef-ttientioned officers 
have been oothorieed to receive ia 
transfer to this loan, all outstaild^ 
ing trcasary bllU of thig |ovemi 
Ridnt ) accepted bHls* of e^eha(ng^ 
drawn on the governor- ^etierai^h!^ 
council-, -aftier deducting' 4toicre^ttt 
the rale of «iid rupees, thirteiM an^ 
nas> and sir^ pie per cent, per afr- 
num, for the period whiclvtbe bilk 
taay have'to run ) biUs '^ $itr&if% 
of sakry, whether (he same tdlaA 
have^ b^n adv^itls6d fMf p^y^nent 
or not V and ge^verally aU i^ihohzed 
puWic denadnds. ' ■ *'^^J 

are also authorized to transfevtttiy 
demands ^hMt mt^F^be payiM^ by 
them respectitrteiy t«?diH lo«i, twd 
gradt drafts fyt theemonnvtiv tlite 
unud mimn^r^xi tkie^vbiU^ |taiy- 
thastsers gendrai, whidh dn^^b^l 
be reoeived by thi^ «e<vend officers 
above-menti6hed, to p^fvitient <6f 
fubacriptk>ns> dn^ being tendered^) 
^m^rth^t purpose. Itie ^db- 
acriptifoHB will be receive xan ttke 
lWlowing<«frrfl»r ' ''- 

'4th. SdbsoHpt^s m cash, tr^. 
sury bilU, bilto of ^iich^nge, «Mars 
ef e'r^il and-milit^allowakices; Md 
othet authoti£ed public demti^nds^ 
will be reoeived at a dise(^«mt*iof 
two pef cent. * that is, ior evifty 
subscription of 102 rupees;i^ re- 
ceipt wiU^ granted emitlii%<tfa« 
subscriber toa^romiasoiyiiotefor 

100 



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BE^'GAL OCCURB£NC£$ FQfl OCTOBER, 1803. 



« 



Va rup e g> » to be wmed <m the 
Knos'oC the pseteot loan. 

5^ The Sicca rupee of Lucnow 
ttdibefi^biarBs, wtU be reoeived 
»eqQai|b Uie Calciuta bioca ru* 

6(h. Areoeipt will be granted 
6r each subscription bearing ioter«> 
«^ atthe rate of ^i^t xupecft per 
cent, per euaum^ from the date of 
mck receipt uotil tbe£rBt of April 
oext. 

7 7^ The imereat wbich mzy be 
4uc0B that date^OB seceipta granted 
for subficriptions to this loan* null 
l^epaidincasb attbe general tre* 
Miyattbe presid(9M3X» or at the 
treaaoryof (he retident, at Loo 
QOVj or the coUecton of Oude and 
Beaaree^ in ca^ where the £ub^ 
acciptMQSr ahftU have beta made 
at thoi^. trcenuMg Respectively ^ 
aadigrihe principal a prooiissocy 
9fm or notea wiU be granted, betf • 
uigdaiett]Me Hiof Apfil> 1804, and 
^ iMimJixmd and registered io 
the order in which the receipts 
19»fbt piefiented at the accountant 
fen«cal*»e6iee. 
.9tk Tbepnnapal of the pro- 
mi^toiy noted sball be payable either 
in Beanie D^det) the nalea eatab- 
li«bed&rtbepi3ywent of the Re- 
IMter debt no^'jexiating».er by biUs 
t'taii^dfsawo 4]^ the gpvemor ge- 
•nemlin eouneii^ on the bonor^ie 
.Ibeeourt of 4trector«r at ibeea- 
^MQgeiof two ihilli^» and m- 
yeqca the Sicc« mpee, payabie 
twelve months after aight } ^whioh 
Mb shaU be granaod at any lime, 
K m^ applioation of tlie pnopKieier 
bri)bt Aotet» either when (he piia- 
^fdf «hallhave become payable in 
rficngal, or at any earlier period) 
fod any bills wbicb may he so 
imntadwiU, if the proprietor desire 
f^'be.fQrwffxtod by tbe deputy, ac- 
aomtm^ ^gieoeral in iib€i public 
packets to him or his agent or as- 



«gn, according to the i uat r u c ti on a 
which may be given for that por^ 
pose. 

ptk. The interest of the pro- 
missory notes shall be payable haif 
yearly, vi«. on the 1st of October 
and 1st of April, from year to year, 
until the principal shall be dis^ 
charged* and shall be at the opdon 
c^tbe proprietor of the notes to re- 
ceive payment of such interestv 
either in cash at the .general trea«- 
snry, at the presidency, or by btUa 
to be drawn by the governor gie»- 
neral in council, on the honordole 
the court of directors, at the ci> 
change of two shiUingsandsiiqxaoa 
the Sicca rupee, payable twelva 
months after sight, provided always 
in the laUer cose, that the interest 
for wluch biUs mav be so required 
may amount to nfty pootuls ateiv 
ling at the least, and no bills wtil 
be granted for a smaller amount. 

10th. For the aocommodatkiii ef 
persona returning to £urope, the 
subseribert to this loan, their exe- 
cutors, adxnimsdrators, axxi assigca, 
ahall be entitled, on application to 
the governor general b council, to 
have their promissory notes (pn>- 
vided they amount to the principal, 
aom of Sicca mpeef 10,000) de- 
poaked in chairge of the sub-trea- 
surer for the timebdng, at the risk, 
and under the security of the com- 
pany. An acknowledgment wtti 
be granted by that oiBcer for the 
promissory notes so dq)0sited with 
lum, and the interest accruing 
thereon will be remitted as it shall 
beoomedue by bills oo the terms 
abeve^mcsitioned, which bills will 
.be forwarded by the deputy ac- 
countant general to the proprietor, 
his agent or adi^, according to 
the jnstroctions which maybe given 
4Qr thatpnrpoee. 

IHh. All applications to the 
governor general lacowadl to have 

pro- 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



promissory notes deposited in 
the treasury, must be accompa- 
nied bj the notes so to be deposited, 
and directions must be written in 
the fdlowing terms : on the face 
«id across the lines of ^each notej 
and be attested by the signature of 
the proprietor or his constituted 
attorney or attomies. 

** The interest accruing half yearly 
on the promissory note, and the 
principal as it shall become payable 
according to the order established 
.for the discharge of the register 
debt, are to be remitted (unless it 
shall be hereafter directed to the 
contrary) by bills to be drawn on 
the honourable the court of direc- 

• tor8 pursuant to the tenor of this 
promissory note, and the other 
conditions of the loan published 
in the Calcutta Gazette of the I3th 
October, 1803, payable to 
» ■ ■, and to be forwarded to 

, but this promtssoiy note 

•hall not be pledged, sold, or in 
any manner negotiated, or deli- 
vered up to any person whoraso- 
cv:cr ; nor are these directions with 
respect to the mode of payment of 
the ihterest or principal to be in 
any manner altered, except on apr 
plication to the govemor^general m 
coundh to be made by myself, 
my executors, or administrators, 
or undoi* the authority of a special 

'poWer of attorney, specifying the 
Bumber, date, and amount of this 
promrstory note, to be executed by 
me, ' or them, for that purpose." 
. I'ith. For the satisfaction of 
^»ersdns who may propose td-retum 
to Europe before the period pite- 
Iscribed for the fifial adjustment of 
theaccountsof tlife.loan, andwho 
may be desirous of availing them- 
selves of the accommodation of- 
fered them under the fbrOg6hig ar- 
tides^ the deputy ; accountamr gen . 

•t wili^'.oo ,thejr'part> unite daed^- 



raticm above prescribed on the pcc^ 
mlssory notes, provided he shall re- 
ceive instructions for this purpose, by 
an endorsement to be executed on the 
receipt or receipts under the signa- 
ture of the proprietor, or his con- 
stituted attorney or attomies. The 
deputy accountant general wUralso 
make the necessairy applicatioo to 
the govemor^'general in council 
for an order, ta the sub-treasurer ip 
receive the promissory notes hi da- 
posit, and will forward t^9 ac- 
knowledgment of that officer^a io 
the proprietor of the notes, or to bj|s 
agent or assjga, according to^tbf^.in- 
struction which may be fiimi^b^d 
him foe that purpose. .( 

1 3 th. A receipt will be gwiied 
in the Allowing form* for-au^ 
Ksriptions whioh may be made 4it 
apy of the public treasuries, ' .:-i 

FORM OP RECEIPT.' ^ 

'^ I do ii©reby^knQwle<}g^ tjj^t 
A. $. has.this. day paid 10^9,1^^0 
honourable company/a .treasuij, 
the ,sum of Sicca ruppe ii ; ..p , 
which is to be , ^pcouuted ; for, - fo 
h'lnx o^ ofder a&4pllows iTr-J^u^rest 
on tbeprmipalwiljlbepaidia'jl^ 
at the general treasury ^t,thejprfj^- 
dency,- <k atthifr t^i^sury pf-f-rTjfi- , 
. at ai^id afipr the ratft irf'.eifthf,j;up4e8 
per cept, - per ^pnum,. n[9m.*j»lj|i8 
date to the ^^st ojf A|cU.pQii^t'^^^d 
for tht^ ;, .principat > ^ ^PW^^^ffy 
note- to beda^^ g4trf^e(ji$,(Ai|i^, 

, tipp to U^ ■ > 4^^^ '^^99^9^^ 
geiwal, p^y^W fiowfyri 
. )the conditji^s.ot , U^e loau}, 
ii^ the Ca^GvitMiGa?ette-Wtt] 
Pctob^,.1^03. 
,... ..' (Sigp^) _ 






,of 



■ i4th>: Promi^6oty.«ptc5|»» OTjier 
4ha : signMure of . tfee i ^qcr^taigri ito 
the government^ will-btt;gift»te4'm 

itbe 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR OCTOBER, 1803. 6l 



the following fonn^ in exchange 
for the receipts. 



" Fort WiUisun,- -1804. 

'^Peomissoxt Note for Sa. Rs." 
" The governor-general in coun- 
cil docs hereby acknowledge to have 
received from A. B. the sum of 

Sicca nipees — ■ as a loan to 

the honoarable the nnited com- 
pAuy of merchants of England 
trading to the East Indies, and 
does hereby promise for, and on 
behalf of the United Company, 
to repay and discharge the said loan 
by paying unto the said A. B. his 
- eiecutors or administrators, or his 
or their order, the principal sum of 
'€ieca rupees — —Aforesaid at the 
presidency of Fort WHfiaiti, agree- 

abl) l%j ujc ui uCl iii vviiiLii tiii^ in-/iC 

may stand on the general register 
' pf nolck and bonds of this presi- 

• (fency, pnyable according to the 
' pibpriety of date and number, un- 
less the same shall have been pre- 

''Viocisly discharged by bills drawn 

^ oh' Hie honourable the court of di- 

^ rectors, according to the conditions 

of tlieplan, for a loan published in 

• the Calcutta Gazette of ilie 13 th 
' October, 1803 ; and by paying the 
J interest accruing tliereoh, at the 

rate of eight per cent, per annum 
by half yearly payments, viz. on 
' the 1st October, and the 1st April 
' fbUowiiig, from year to year, until 
^ the principal shall be discharged 
[ at the option of the lender, his 

• eicectrtors, adpninistrators, or as- 
^ signsj either in cash' at the general 

treaauiy at the presidency, ot^ by 
bills W) be drawn Sy the govemor- 
^betafrnfeuncil, on the honour- 
able tte" court of d^ectors, at the 
•'>kte of two fehiilings dnd sit-pence 
" thefiSeca rupee, andjiftyabletweKe 



'* Signed by the authority of th* 
governor-general in council, 

(Signed) "^. F." 
Sec. to govi, pub, depi, 

" Accountant General's 
Office. 

Registered at No. of ." 

l6th. The accounts of this 
loan are not to be made up until 
the 1st of April next, but it is 
hereby notified, that the loan will 
l)e closed at any earlier period, 
should the governor-general in 
council deem it expedient to give 
directions for that purpose. 
Published by command of 
his excellency the most noble 
the governor-general in council, 
J. LUMSDEN, 
Ch ief sec. to the govt. 

Sinking Fund. 

Fort Willbm, Oct. i«, i8oj|. 
The public are hereby informed, 
that tlie sum expected to be appli- 
cable to the redemption of the pub- 
lic debt, by tlie commissioners of 
the sinking fund, in tlie niontli of 
November, is Sicca rupees four 
lacs (Sa. r3. 400,0000) j of this 
sum, current nipees 149,400, or 
Sicca rupees 128,793, will be ap- 
plied to tiie discliarge of the bonds 
and notes of the general register 
from No. 376Q to No. 2777 > both 
inclosivte, on Monday the 7^ of 
November^ on which date the in- 
terest thereupon wiU cease. T^e 
remsui^der will be applied by.tj^e 
commissioners in the purchase of 
bonds sad notes of , this govern- 
.noeot, wring aa interest of ,-$^x 
and.^igjit per cent, per annmn,^9n 
tendioEs beingmadetptltemin^^e 
iMS>ial manner. . .^ m, ...,i 

Dealk of Ahdulah JFifijiof}^^^] 
A J^ier from Mpscat; dated'tho 
234. lak.-conveVa imelUgencdl.that 
Abdulah 



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e» 



>^ ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTM, 1804. 



Abdulab Wflhabee, liad died and 
left his eldest son his hisir joyd anc- 
cessor; but his brother, backed by 
99 amij^ and another nan near Bag^ 
dad, have refused to acknowledge 
the eldest son, and they are ex- 
pected to go to war. The Turk- 
ish government has appointed Aly 
Padsha w, generalii 3mo, against the 
Wahabee, and every p^hav is 
ordered to assist to the utmost of 
his power, from Aleppo, Syria, and 

Desperate Engagement, 

Tlic following extract from a 
letter from Alimednugger, dated 
the 2ud of October, detailing 
a gallant and perse\-ering defence, 
made by a small detichraent of se- 
poys, merits tiie highest encomiums, 
I shall now try to give you an ac- 
count of another desperate business 
which we received intelligence of 
tliree days since. About ten dayg 
ago lieutenant Morgan left tliis to 
join a diviiiion of the army with 
63 sepoys, captain O'Donnall and 
another officer of the cavalry took 
thin opportunity of jw...i.i^ their 
corps ; they had proceeded aliout 70 
miles when they perceived a bod. of 
Peoas of about 2(X), they immediately 
threw down tlieir knapsacks, leaving 
them and the baggage in the 
charge of a few sepoys, and at- 
tacked tl>e Peons whom they put 
to flight} when a body of 900 horse 
'appeared in two divisions on eacli 
fl-mk, this obliged tlie small party 
to retreat to a village, wliich they 
entered witli some resipmcej it 
was fortified, but so extensive tliat 
they couldnot guard every entrance j 
the inhabitants let the horse and 
Peons in at another direction ) in 
this situation Uie party took posses- 
sion of a large house, which was 
i^iedbtej;^ beset^ on d^ ,sid(?^. 



where they defended tlwmirim' 
for some houn, till nearly ail tfaeir ^ 
ammunition was cjqienikd, '^ 
their baggage pluodefed, and not » ^ 
morsel to tsak, thoogh they had v 
plenty ^ gocMl wafeer ; a sally waa ^ 
propc^edj which was Madily agracHt \ 
to, headed hy captain O'lXMinall;^' 
they rvished forth and (bre^ t)ie ^ 
assailants jnta oonfiisioQj ibief - 
made qSl tQ ^ gate, which being;^- 
8mall» the party overtook tbem:^.3 
they bayouetted about 30, and tooki > 
several horses, .which, boweveiw^ 
they were obliged to abiandeo, aoii^ 
retreat tp the house f this gacvi^' 
them time to throw breast-woi^^ 
aaoss the lanesj and barriij^d^:' 
and block up every entrance. Qapt. ^j 
Lucas instantly, on beaiiug of their 
situation^ left Ahroedonggur witb^ 
four companies^ and two ax-pound* * 
ers, at twelve at night ; — ye&terda^ •. 
evening we heard from him, he ' 
says, ' ' il)ty fomid the gallant paity . 
almost exiiiausted, not having ^ladi-^ 
any thing to eat for nearly twodays^^ * 
the streets were strewed with deaxi- 
bodies, and tli&party had four se^* i 
poys killed and tiijrteen wounded,.! 
mostly by an incessant fire kept up^i 
from the adjoining housee.** WluSl : 
mu^thaye been their feeHngs<»n ae^ 
iqg captain Lucas coming to their a&* • 
sistance ? Captain Lucas has taken 
several villagers prisoners, and in-* 
tend bringing them to Ahmed* • 
nuggur^ the. horse still hover 
round them,, keeping, howeuer^-' 
out of muskeg shot, but theyaco 
now and tj^eu indulged with afew.i 
of our sijt-iiounder balls. •; . . i f 

Interesting account of the late Reh'- 
volution in Dvlld, - . mj 
The revolution which happened 
at Detlu in tlie year 1/63, is ao^ 
connected with the events of tlie* - 
day, Uiough it may not be new^ yet 

cannot 



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BENQAL OCCURRENCES FOR OCTOBER, 1603. ft 



4:9Bnot but prove f^rticutetly in- 
toreituig to all^ur veader»« 
. Ghobaoi Khadur; author ci th#' 

Zifada.Ktetnf his fatbordisbiieiit^ 
ed him and drore hm^ ^om his 
paseoce oo acoaoDft <^ hfo ¥iced ^ 
^i^d jcnmes. • Sbah AJIuni, the 
khig of Delhi, took himtiflder bl$ 
pwiectiQa, tseobtd hianas hn own 
sqoy a&d coiiiiBnrd-Qn4iinl tlie first 
titW io the khigdotir, Aififere ul 
Qtncaov:^ he li^d^ with- the kmg 
spd TBised 9 body of about 6000 
txjQops of hk own cocmti^m^ti; the * 
Mogols* which h^ commaAded; 
Qhalain iLbadur-^^x^ of a pd^skxi-^ 
flte^^Biper, haughty, drud, un-' 
fiatiirul andudebaudMid. 

.Inihe hUtBT end of the year 1 7^, 
the. -king: had formed suspiicioDs 
ibjH soiqed^ the aei^boiuitig ra- 
jahs wQcdd maikie an attempt to . 
plunder, atuixkstrc^ hi^ territmes; 
thewssu^icions were* verified by 
tb^approach of acooslderal^anny 
towards hb capital/ commanded by 
laoiael Beg Khmi, and afssisted by 
Dowlot Rao Schsdei^: Gholam 
Khadnrtdd the king od this that 
behad jiotyng to tear, ier that he 
hjd^ aruay sufiicteatiy strong to 
oppMethc^^nemy : and that alT the 
kioghadtodo was to march ottt 
vd^his^iroopbt give- them 4 supply 
of'oash, .and he wouki stake his 
hsad.on. the enemy ^ being over- 
cooae : the king on tliifl replied that 
he :had> no money to cariy on the 
coolest. Gholam Khadtir said that 
thi» lobjectioa wonkt be soon ob- 
viated, as he wooid advance the 
necessary supply of cash, and that 
aU his majesty had to do was to 
head the army — '*' this," said he, 
'' wiUamimate them aiid give them 
cottrag^ a^ the presence of a mo- 
narch is above half the battle." 
Ihe kii^ agreed in appearance, and 
rt^ueated Gholam Kiiadur to as- 



•eml^le the andy, pay their arrears, 
and inform them of his intentions. 
iOfaolam Khadur retired contented; 
but great was his astonishment 
wtefi'he iniefcepted, the next day, 
a letter £^m the king to Scindeah, 
destrit^ him to make as much haste 
aa possii>te and destroy Gholam 
Khadtir j " for," says he, " Gho- 
lam Khadur desires me to act coo- 
tmry to my wishes, and oppote 
yoa" 

On this discover}', Gholam Kha* 
dur marched out with bis Moguls^ 
crossed tlie Jumna, and encamped 
on the other side, opposite to the 
fort of Delhi. He then sent the 
king the intercepted letter, and 
asked him if his conduct did not de- 
serve to be punished by the lossof his 
throne? He began to besiege the 
fort, and carried it in a few days -, 
, he entered the palace in arms, flew 
to the king's chamber,^]n8nHed the 
old man in the most barbarous man- 
ner, knocked him down, and kneel- 
ing on his breast, with a knife took 
out one of hjs eyes, and ordered a 
servant of the kill's to take out the 
other. 

After tiiis he gave the place up 
to pillage, and went to the king's 
zenana, where he insulted tlie la- 
dies, tore the jewels from their 
noses and ears, and cut off their 
arms and legs. As he had lived 
with the king, he was well ac- 
quainted wkh the different places, 
where the king s treasures were 
hid ; he dug up the stone of the 
king's own bedchamber, and found 
there two chests containing, in 
specie, 120,000 goldmohurs, ^ut 
192,0001. sterling} this he took 
and vast sums more : to get at the, 
hidden jewels of the women, he, 
practised one of the most viJlainou^; 
schemes that ever was tliought of; 
the third day after the>e horrid', 
cruelties he* ordered tliat all tlie" 

king's 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTEU> 1804. 



king's ladies and daughters should 
come and pay their respects to him, 
and promised to set free those who 
could please him by their appear- 
and dress. The innocent unthink- 
ing women brought out their jewels 
and adorned themselves in their 
richest attire to please this savage. 
' Gholam Khadur compianded them 
to be conveyed to a hall, where he 
had prepared common dresses for 
them ; these dresses he made them 
put on by the assistance of eunuchs^ 
and taking possession of their rich 
dresses and jewels, sent the women 
home to the palace to lament their 
loss, and curse his treachery. Gho»- 
Jam Khadur did not stop even here, 
but insulted the princes by making 
them dance and sing : the most 
beautiful of the king's daughters, 
Mobarouk ul Moulk, was brought 
to the tyrant to gratify his lust ; but 
-she resisted and is said to have 
•tabbed herself to avoid force. 

Scindeah soon after this came to 
die assistance of the king, or rather 
to make him his prey. Gholam 
Khadur fled and took refuge in the 
fort of Agra, above 150 mUes from 
Delhi. Scindeah*s troops besieged 
him there. Perceiving at last diat 
he must be taken if he remained in 
the fort, he took advantage of a 
dark night, stulfed his saddle with 
a large quantity of precious stones, 
took a few followers, and fied from 
the fort towards Persia. Unluckily 
for him, he fell off his horse the 
second night after his flight, and bv 
this means a party of horse, which 
had been sent in pursuit of him, 
came up and took him prisoner. 
He was brought to Scindeah, who, 
after exposing him for some time 
in irons, and some time in a cage, 
onjered his ears, nose, hands, and 
feet to be cut off, and his eyes taken 
out, in which state he was allowed 
to expire. 



Sdndeah rewarded himself by 
seizing upon theltingdom which be 
tame to euard $ and all that he lefl 
to Shah Alhim, the nominal Em- 
peror, was the city of Delhi, with 
a small district around it, where, 
even deprived of his sight, he had 
remaincii an empty shadow of roy- 
alty ; an instance of the instability 
of human greatness, and of the pre- 
carious state of despotic govern- 
ments. 

Patvanghur-hill Fort, 

Krlract of a letter, dated Camp 
nearBrodera, Sept. 24, 1803. 

" After the storm of Baroche I 
was ordered to remain and rej>air 
the breach, but on the •same day 
was directed to join colonel Wood- 
ington withoijt delay, 'and arrived 
time enough at Baroda to proceed 
with him against the town of Cham- 
pooncr and Pawnnghur-hill fort, 
one of the strongest, I belifeve, in 
India. With great labour we drag- 
ged our guns up a steep rocky hill, 
within six hundred yards of the 
walls, and after four days cannon- 
ading, nearly effected a breach in 
two of the outer defences, when 
the garrison thought proper to sur- 
render. I was here^^ain left be- 
hind to make a drawing of the fort, 
with a havildafs party, and was in 
some danger of being attacked as I 
returned through a thick jungle, by 
three or four hundred beils that 
had collected in the neiglibourhood, 
and killed several canip followers.— 
Pawanghur is an immense rock, 
everywhere nearly perpendicular, 
about six-hundred yards, and in- 
accessible except the north side, 
which is fortified by five walls 40 
or 50 yards high, strongly built of 
Lirge square stones, ii> most places 
on the summit of rocks, over 
which there is no possibility of 
climbing. 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR OCTOBER, 1803. 



65 



dimbiDg.-— There arefbar distinct 
icrts, irt, that of Attock, (I be- 
gia at the bottt>m) which eDcircles 
the lower hill, die walb are in 
nuBB, it 18 not tenable.— 2d* the 
fort €f Jute defended by a triple 
vaUj two of which we breached, 
ope near the Booriah Grate, and, 
OQQ faigbec op beycwd the LaUa 
Grte.^3d, the fort of Sudder, the 
vails in ruins ) — here is the Killa* 
(Jar's boose, and several Hindu 
Temples, mostly falling down, also 
a good tank of water, and two 
or three springs which flow from 
tbe4tfa iinpr^;tiable fort of Sco- 
rn^ ^ orBallaKillah; the road to 
SoonidgGatB is over a deep ditch 
cat ia tbe rock, the brid^ con- 
skts of a few old pl^ks, easily 
leniored, the assent to the gate is 
cat thioogh rock, and very difficult $ 
had the garrison been resolute, all 
our attempts to get possession of 
this place must have failed^— On 
thesnmmit of all is a rock on which 
is a cdebrated Hindu temple^ to 
which you aacend by 240 steps. (To 
what deity it is dedicated I am not 
certjun> some natives call him 
Bowqnee. The length of tlie way, 
from the foot of the hill to the 
Soorui^ gate, is 3^ railes; the 
town ef C^amponeer is surrounded 
bf awallc^ the same msMy stones> 
il 950 yards by 350, defended by 
42 towers, stands at the ^t; it 
wa»once the capital of Guzerat : 
the nmis of temples, H'mdu and 
MiBBoknan, for mUes round, ev'mce 
its'ibrmer grandeur. -, the most re- 
nnckable now, is^the Jumma Mus- 
hid» a little distant £. of tbe town, 
nearly entire, the lofty minarets^ 
doases, and curious workmnnsliip 
laise your admiration. — ^The tomb 
of Secunder Shaw, near tbe vil- 
lage of Hallol, 3 coss distant, is 
well worth seeing } it is of the most 
elegant proportion of any Basteni 
Vol. 6 1 



architecture I ever observed^^the 
workmanship is capital — the Per- 
sian inscriptions on marble is still 
perfect. The houses of the pre- 
sent town are wretched huts, raised 
on blocks and pillars of the once 
grand edifices of the Moguls. 

New Launch, 

Extract of a Letter from Chitta^ 
gong, dated the ISth instant. 
*' I have the- pleasure to inform 
you, that a very handsome and well 
constructed vessel, burden 7000 
bags, built by Mr. Davidson, was 
launched here yesterday : she was 
named the Harriet, and is, I under- 
stand, to be commanded by capta'ui 
Masquerier." 

The following correspondence is 
communicated to us hy a friend, 

TO CUDBERT THORNHILL, ESa. 

Master Attendant. 
Sir, Fort iniUam, 

The committee of tbe Bengal 
PhoBulx insurance office (in which 
office the ship Experiment was in- 
sured) having reason highly to 
approve of 3ie conduct of Mr. 
Thomas Benbow, the Branch pUot, 
who, under circumstances of great 
difficulty and danger, brought that 
ship, after tiie loss of all her an- 
chors, to a situation at Kedgeree, 
by which not only the ship, but 
the lives of all on bcjard were saved, 
have directed iis to address, through 
you, the inclosed letter to Mr. 
Benbow ; and to request the favor 
of you to cause the same to be , 
puWicly delivered to Mr. Benbow, 
on his arrival in toN^Ti. 
We have the honor to be, Sir, 
Your most obedient servant*, 
(Signed) Ross, Lambert, & Co. 
Agents for the Bengal Phcrnix In- 
surance Society. 
Phoenix Insurance office, 

September 2, 1803. 
E Mr. 



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AStATie ANNUAL REGISTJER, 1804. 



Mr. TttoNAs B^NBow, 

Branch Pilot, ia the service 
of the hon. ^t India Com- 
pany, at Fort William. 
Sir, 

Captain Rowe, of the ship Expe- 
riment, having represented to us, 
your very able and good coinduct iu 
piloting in, and under circum- 
stances of great difficulty and dan- 
ger, in saving not only that ship, but 
the lives of all on board, we thought 
it our duty to sul«mit the sawie to 
the consideration of thd Cbimnittee 
of this office,' (in mhicht the ship 
was insured) and we h^ve much 
j^^asure in conoforming to the di- 
. ections of the Committee, whidi 
are thus publicly to offer y«u the 
thanks of the Society for your able 
and successful exertions in saving 
that ship ; and we are also directed 
to request your jicceptance of the 
enclosed Treasury bill, forgone 
thousand Sicca rupees. 
We are. Sir, 
Your obedient 9er\'ants, 
(Signed) Ross, Lambert, & Co. 
Agents for the Bengal Phoenix In- 
surance Society. 
Phoenix Insurance Office, 
September 2, 1803. 

To Messrs. Ross, Lambert, & Co. 
Agents for the Bengal Phoe- 
nix Insurance Society. 
Gentlemen, 

I Iiave had the satisfaction of re- 
ceiving, through the master atten- 
dant, your very flattering, letter, 
dated the 2d instant, conveying the 
sentiments of the Society upon my 
conduct, whikt in charge of tlie 
ship Experiment. 

I beg to assure you. Gentlemen, 
that this highly respectable testi- 
mony will ever be remembered by 
me, with the motil lively graliliulc. 

I request you w ill have the good- 
ness to return my unfeigned thanks 
tu ilic Society, iof tlie very liberal 



remuneration they have been plea- 
sed to present me with j and I beg. 
Gentlemen, your acoeptanoe of 
the warmest ackoowledgmentB for 
the handsome manner in which 
you have made the cammunicft^ 
tion. 

I am, Gentlemen, 

W'ifh the greatest respect. 
Your much obliged and 
Obedient servant, 
(Signed) Thomas Bbwbow, 

Branch Pilot. 
Cakrutta, Sept.ST, 180S. 

Messrs. Ross, Lambert, & Co. 
Agents for the Bengal Phoe- 
nix Insurance Society. 
Gentlemen, 
I have had the honor toacknow- 
ledge my receipt of your letter of 
the 2d instrait, with its enclosures, 
and to request you wiH \ay before 
the Society, die accompanying ad- 
dreae^ delivered tome, by Mr. Ben- 
bow, in consequence of the very 
flattering distinction they have been 
pleased to confer upon him for his ^ 
conduct, when in charge a£ the 
ship Experiment. 

. While availing myself of thb occa- 
sion to testi fy a particular approbatioa 
c^ the skilful and judiciousjnanocu- 
vre by which Mr. Beubow happily 
extricated the'Experiment from a si- 
tuation of imminent danger to the 
ship, atxl to the lives of all on 
board, I beg leave, at the same time, 
to express the great satisfaction I 
have derived from the present reso- 
lution of the society, and from tiie 
terms in which you, gentlemen, 
have Gcmmunicated tliem ; and al- 
though il\ily persuaded that a sense 
of their duty will at all times se- 
cure to the public the unremitted 
scr\ices of the subordinate officers 
of this department, yet I feel it in- 
cumbent on me, to ofl'er my per- 
sonal acknowledgements to the so« 

ciety 



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MADRAS OCCURRENCES FOR OCTOBER, 1803. 67^ 



ciety for a Kberaltty of encourage- 
ment to well calculated to promote, 
not only in the invidual^ wtio is the 
immedite ob)6:t of it, but through- 
oat the est^ishment, the most 
zealoos spirit of diligence, atten- 
tioo, and fidelity. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 
(Signed) Cudbbrt Thobnhill, 

Master attendant. 
Marine office. Sept, 2?, 1803. 

Madras 

Occurrences for Oct. 1803. 

Singular Adventure, 
Extract of a letter from Anjengo. 

A Portuguese Snow, called the 
Boa Uniao, commander Agostinho 
de Souza, arrived at Anjengo from 
tine Mozambique channel on the 
30th of September ; in her came 
Pttseoger^ Mr. David Follenbee, 
late master of the American ship 
HaoDibal, of SaUsbury, with three 
American seaoEien : he sailed from 
Boordeaux in November, 1802, 
bound to Madras and Bengal \ on 
the llth of April last, being off 
the Island of OMiiono, he went on 
shore, in bis boat, with the' three 
stamen for water ; on his Yetum 
night came on, and he lost sight of 
bis ship, which he did not descry 
tHl 10 o'clock the next morning, 
when he stood immediately to- 
war(k her, the vessel then steering 
for the T^d ; at P. M. she stood 
oflT and be never saw her again ; 
alter this he returned on shore 
where be renoained 18 or 20 days, 
and then resolved to attempt ma- 
kii^ Johanna f in this, howe\'er, he 
^iled ; the current running stong 
against him so that he was obliged 
to steer for the coast of Africa j 
and on the lOtb of May, he made 

t 



the island of Ibo, where he found 
lying the Boa Uniao. Whilst on 
Comono their only subsistence was 
cocoa-nuts and water riven them 
by the natives, and they had no 
other provisions in their boat. 

Lieutenant Alder, 

In the gazette extraordinary, 
published at Calcutta on the 24th 
ult. and in the extra courier of the 
24th mstant i lieutenant Alder has 
been erroneously stated to have 
been killed in the action of the 1 1 th 
of September. The name lieut. 
Alder does not S4>pear in a list of 
killed or wounded subsequently 
received. 

Farewel Entertainment. 

On Monday ev«Bing the hon. 
Basil Cochrane, gave a farewel 
ball and supper, at the Pantheon, 
to the right hon. lord Clive. 

The rooms wene filled with the 
principal ladies and gentlemen of the 
settlement before 10 o'clock, about 
which hour, the dances commenced, 
and continued with great vivacity 
until past one. 

An elegant supper had been ar- 
ranged under large tents in the gar- 
den, but a sudden and unexpected 
£a]l of heavy rain made the grounds 
so wet, that the supper tables were 
necessarily removed up stairs : this 
accident occasioned some trivial de- 
rangement in the pre-concerted 
plans, but the actitivity of the ma- 
nagers overcame ail diificulries, and 
soon after one, the company were 
seated at tables arranged with as 
much elegance as could be ex- 
petrted 

A display of fireworks had been 
prepared, in which we understand 
the words — Clive, farewel; would 
have been conspiaious, the rain 
unfortunately demolished the whole. 
B 2 After 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



Aftf r sopper the dances recom- 
menced with additional spirit, and 
were kept up till an early hour. 

We do not recollect to have ob- 
gerved on any other occasion in this 
settlement, so attractive a display 
of female elegance and fashion. 

Departure of Lord Clive. 

The right honorable lord Clive 
e'mbarked at 5 o'clock on Monday 
evening. The troops extended in 
a double line from the west extre- 
mity of the parade to the sea gate, 
through which his lordship pas- 
sed under the customary honors, 
aqcompanied by the right honor- 
able the governor, and the princi- 
pal ofiicers and gentlemen of the 

settlement. 

Lady IV. Bent inch's grand Ball and 
Supper, 

Oct.S, 1803. On Wednesday 
last, the right honorable lady Wil- 
liam Bentinck gave a ball and sup- 
per to the ladies and gentlemen of 
the settlement. 

The company began to assemble 
at half past eight o clock^ imd her 
lad3rship entered the ball room 
shortly before nine, acddmpanied 
by the right hon. the governor and 
his personal staff, the band playing 
the appropriate tune " God save 
" the King." 

Shortly after his highness tlie 
nabob of Arcott, attended by his 
son and principal khans, arrived, 
and was conducted to the upper 
end of the room, by the right hon, 
the governor, to a seat which had 
been placed for his reception* 

The ball thai commenced, with 
her ladyship leading down the first 
dance, accompanied by Mr.Cha- 
mier, member of council. 

Country dances continued until 
the hour of eleven, when the com- 
pany were summoned to partake 
of a most elegant and sumptuous 



r^iast, which had been prepared 
with the greatest taste and splen- 
dour in Sie gallery of the new 
building. 

After supper the dance recom- 
menced, and continued its attrac- 
tive sway until tlie hour of two in 
the morning, when the company 
retired, highly gratified and pleased 
witli the attention of their noble 
hostess. 

Police. ' 

The excellence of the police 
established at 'this presidency, may 
be justly appreciated by the cir- 
cumhtance of only two natives 
having been tried at the session of 
Oyer andTerminer, and general gaol 
delivery, held at the court house 
on Wednesday last ; one of whom 
was sentencol to transportation, 
and the other to twelve months 
imprisonment. We are convinced 
we speak the se^tijoients of the 
settlement when we add, that the 
thanks of the cotoflmiity 9m 4oe 
to the magistrates,, /rom whose at* 
tentive aiKl vigjihuit ex^rt^oos, audi 
a ie&)maatk3«^ .in. the morals of the 
loweir 0rdff[irh ti9^i^ ^^ibuted. 

I wtttao nt Bettagii, oCthe 3omr 
bay.^est^bliiihiDeqt^^ oopy¥$c4.^ of 
b^Ang a ptjodpal in a i^^iai d^el ii^ 
that presidency, and who, iafiOon- 
sequence was sentenced to trans- 
portation at Botany Ba^v received a 
tree pardon , ftpm ytvi^ ^^fenjor 4rf 
the latter s^^fijgmciitV oh ,tK^^^ 

for hoistiog the new Union at^Ml^ 
ard, and tt'^s i^ut to prbceed • to 
India, aocompaqied by Mrs. B^« 
lasis, when the last accounts lefl 
that place. 

Alelanchnly Accident. 
On Thursday last. Colonel Men- 
, ron 



n^^ 



fiiaiBH 



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BOMBAY OCCURRENCES, FOR OCTOBER, 1803. (JQ 



ron with his family, and several 
other passengers, embarked on the 
accomodation boat, for the purpose 
of proceeding to the Union, which 
laj in the Roads. 

TTiey had nearly reached the 
last surf, which was somewhat 
iii^ when the boat, as it is sup- 
posed, from the wind blowing at 
that period £r<mi the South, veered 
round, and presenting her side to 
the wave, immediately filled and 
orerset. 

By which unfortunate occur- 
rence, we are concerned to add, 
diat colonel Meuron, his daughter, 
a young lady of great worth and 
beauty,, and lieutenant Holbom, of 
the 34th regt. were drowned. 

The body of the former only has 
been recovered, and was interred 
yesterday morning, with every ho- 
nor suitable to the rank of the 



Bombay 
Occurrences for Oct. 1803, 

Gwemmeni Noiificalion. 
list of such articles of com- 
merce as the hon. the governor in 
council is pleased to permit to be 
landed at the government Custom 
Honse, at the Bunder in Bombay, 
or at Muzjtd Bunder, at the option 
of the proprietors, firom and after 
this date. 



Afttei, CorDeliant, Anchors and grap» 

ftc Cambay uoom naiU 

AfXM, wood Aloes 

Aniim«froiiiChiaa Amck, Columbo, 

Almoiids Batavia, and Ben- 

Afflbervrease coolen 

» __• — .._ Arsenic 



BdeOum Blue stone 

Beads, and pearls, Borax 
£Use Brandy 

Bctr of sorts Brass and copper 

Be^Unut ware 



Bird shot 
Books 

Candies 
Canvas 
Cardamoms 
Carriages 
Cassia Duds 



1 

Brass leaf 



Coffee 

Colombo root 
Copper, and cop- 
per nails 
Coral 
Carpeu of sorts Cordage, Europe 

Cat*gut and Coir 

Cauth ^em Japo- Cordials 

nies) Corks 

China root Cotton (in packed 

Chitia ware bales) 

Chocolate O>tton screws 

Cinnamon cbtt lace 

Cloves Cow Bexoar 

Clocks and watches Cubobs 
Cochineal CuUery 

Coculus Indicus 

o 
Drugs of evefy description 

B 

Earthen ware Elephants' teeth 

Eatables of every Empty bottles 
description Essence of spruce 



Floor cloths 



Furniture 



Galls of every de- Grain of every de- 
scription scription 
Galangal Orocery 
Garden seeds Gum Ammonia^ 
Gin cum 
Ginger, dry Gum Arabic 
Glass beads Gun-powder(to the 
Glass ware arsenal only) 
Gold and silver lace Ounntfs 

■ 
I^rdware, of every Hing 
description Honey 

2 

Japanned ware Iron hoopf 

Jewellery Ironmongery 

Indigo Iron naiis 

Iron Ivory works 

Kismisses 

L 

L^ad Liquorish root 
Leather, Europe, Loemits 

Pump Looking glasses 

Leather, Persia JLong pepper 

Liquors m 

Mace Millinery 

Maneyary Musk 

Manna Muskeu and bay- 

Mathematical In- onets^rearms&c. 

struments at Bom. Bund, only 

Medicines Myrrh 

E S Needles 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, l«04- 



Keedltt Nuttnegi 

Nuck!» - Nux V omica 

o 
Old copper ' Ordnance, brais 

Old iron of i^"** ** ^^>"*" 

Opium, Bengal only bay Bunder only 
Orfidue 

p 
Paint of every de- Piece good* of cve- 
tcriptioti ry description 

Paper Pimplemool 

Patch leaf Pirtachia nuu 

PearU and Jewels at Plate, and plated 
ware 

Presenres of sorti 
Prints 



council has been pleased to prohibiC 
from landing at the government cus- 
tom house, at the Bonder in Bom- 
bay, from and afler this date, but 
which, nevertheless, may be landed 
at the government Custom House, 
at Muzjid Bunder. 



Bombay only 
Perfumciy 
Pepper 
Putchuck 



Quicksilver. 
a 
Raw silk Rhubarb 

Red and white lead Rose water 
Rhiooceros horns Rum 



Ship chandlery 
Shot 

Silk work 
Spark 
Sutionary 
Steel 

Stones, paving and 
grinding 
Sugar of sorts 
Summerheads 
Sweetmeats 



Allum, from Scind Arrack, Goa,Pari- 
and Ovserat ar, Mowrah, &c. 

B 

Brimstone 
Buzzar Buttoo 
c 
Coir 



Bhang 
Benjanun 



Saddlery of all sorts 
Saffiron 

Sal Ammoniac ^ 
Salli^ 

Salt provision . 
Salt petre 
Sandal wood 
Sapan wood 
Seeds of every de- 
scription 
Sena leaf 
Shawls 

T 

Toys Turmeric 

Treasureofeveryde- Tutenague 

scription, at Bom- Twine 

bay Bunder only 

Venice ware Vinegar 

Verdigrease VermUUon 

w 
White copper Wine 

Walnuts 

By order of the honorable the 
Governor *m counc'd. 

Robert Henshaw. 
Custom Master, 
Bombay Government Custom 
House Office, Oct. 8, 1803. 

Gwemment Notification 

List of such articles of commerce 

as the honorable the governor in 



Cadjans 
Camphire 
Castor oil 
Charcoal 
Chilly pepper 
ChuAam stone 
Chundroos (Copal) 
Chunk 
Cocoa nuu 
Cocum 

] 
Dammer 



Copra 
Cossumba 
Cotton, in l)orcns, 

or bags 
Couon yam, and 

thread 
Oouriet 
Cua 



Dates and other 
l^oks 



Earth, led, frpi? P^ww^ Culph 

Fireworks . Tv^y sharks 

Feathers Fish maws 

■ ' * ■ « 

Gonssieft . Ghtfe 

Gartick Ginger 

M . ,, 

Hartal Hemp 

Hetracasey Hides etf sorts, raw 

Hemage and4f«ssed 

... •,, • ^ J ■ 
Jaggafie* 

Lace of eve^y ^cription ^ 

Matts Mftther of peiil 

Molasses shells 

Mooretoot^vitriol) Mowrah 
Munjcst ' 

OUbanum ^ Olla of every de- 

scription 

p 
Penack (oil cake) Pkch 

% 
Rampatree leaf Rose malloes 
Rogan Ruscapose 

Rose flowers 

s 
Salt, rock, from Persia and^eRed Sea 

Mi 



b^iaa 



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BOMBAY OCOJAkENCfiS tOU OCTOIfcft, 1803. /i 



StkfromCaiBbay Soap 
SlMq»*s flits Saltfitb 



Ttir 

TurpoitiBe 
r 

Wool 
Wonn-wooil 



Targets 
Tamahod 



Wax, bees 
Wooden ware 

By order of the honorable the 
Govenior m council 

Robert Henshaw. 
Custom Master, 

Bombay royemment Castom 
House Office, Oct. 8, 1803. 



Quarter Sessions. 

On Wednesday last, October 
12, the quarter sessions com- 
menced. 

The honourable the recorder 
addressed die grand jury in a short 
and pertinent speech, informing 
them that the ohiy indictment to be 
laid before them was one for mur- 
der, and^s ffora their long habits 
in the duty committed to them, 
they nnist be fully acquainted with 
the princTples' and doctrine of the 
law as applicaj)fe to that crime, it 
would be unpecessary for bira to 
take up their time on the subject, 
but that should doubts arise in their 
minds upon anj^ points of the evi- 
dence which nii^t belaid before 
them, he wotvtf be happy to " af- 
IJrd. theral'CVfery assistance -in " his 
ponder. 

The''jaryiiieh retired,' nrtd tiie 
witnesses on an indicmient against 
Jlobert FraaCT,"and Pet<^ Stewart, 
fi)r a miirdcr at Surat, were 5Worn 
by the clerk of arraigns, when 
the court ac^ountddtiH "Thursday, 
at eleven o'clock. 

(October the 13th. Tlie grand 
jury having returned a true bill 
against Robert Fraser and Peter 
Siewart, for the murder of a 



native of Stirat, named Huijanah, 
by stabbing him with t bayonet, 
they were called upon to stand 
trial, but from !he sickly appear- 
ance of the prisoners, and the 
opinion of Dr. Pouget, who was 
present, that he thought the fatigue 
of a long trial might endanger their 
lives, the court was induced tc 
postpone the trial until next ses- 
sions, which was readily agreed 
to by Mr. Threipland, as council 
for the crown to conduct the pro- 
secution. — ^The prisoners were theti 
remanded from the bar. 

Mr. James Stevens, as foreman 
of the grand jur}% addressed the 
court on the subject of a presenti- 
ment, which he recommended to 
tbeir consideration, respecting en- 
croachments on the public rgads 
through the island, ana particularly 
complaining of nuisaiKCs on the 
Parell road by the building of shop^, 
verandahs, &c. to the great detri- 
ment of tlie public convenience.— 
It was als6 suggested, by tliis re- 
presentation, that pathways should 
be allowed and constructed lor foot 
passengers, by the sides of the 
public roads. 

Another m^erial object to which 
the grand jury solicited the atten- 
tion of the court, was tlie establish- 
ment of a public market for the 
island, as adopted at Calcutta and 
Madras j and to be put under pro- 
per and general regulations for the 
public benefit and accommoda- 
tion. 

The honourable the recorder 
received the presentment of the 
grand jury, and observed, that 
Siough it was not in the power of 
the comt to remedy the evils com- 
plained of, yet that he would direct 
a copy of the application to be 
transmitted to government for' their 
determination on the subject. 

Tlie 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REG»STER> 1804. 



The grand jury were then dis- 
charged^ and the sessions closed. 



On Tuesday last, Patrick Hadow, 
Esq. was returned by the honour- 
able the governor in council^ as 
mayor of the corporation in the 
room of William Smith, Esq. who 
resigned. 

James Kinlock, and Charles 
Joseph Briscoe, Esquires^ were also 
appointed aldermen. 



Inter esling Information. 
The following letter further evin- 
ces the salutary progress and 
efficacy of the cow-pock. 

An opportunity having lately 
Qpcurred, by which the preventa- 
tive efficacy of our vaccine matter 
has been ascertained in the most 
satisfactorv manner, I am 'ied . to 
believe, that a communication of 
the facts to the public, may prove 
acceptable, as affording tlic strong- 
est proof that the virus, which has 
pas^ through, so many subjects, 
continues .to possess all itjs specific 
properties. 

On tlie 10th of September, \ 
vaccinated six children, belonging 
to one family, in the country ; trom 
one of four subjects that had been 
inoculated eight days before at the 
same plnce, and who all had a 
distinctly marked cow-pock : since 
Fdbruary, I had not recei\ed any 
report of small pox appearing on 
the island, and I had no reason to 
suppose there were any at * tliis 
time. 

One of the diildren, Reta, a 
female, about six years of age, 
was seized with fever, the day 
after the vacdnation, which con- 



tinuing for three dayf, notice^ 
sent to, me. I found the vHiole 
body covered with an eruption, 
that looked very like a variolous 
one } I was assured, however, that 
there were no small pox near, and 
that the child had never been any 
distance from the house. 

On my second visit the eruption 
was evidently the small pox, and 
after some further enquiry and 
search, I found a child covered 
with the disease, in a hut a few 
yards from the house. I learned 
also that this disease had been 
brought from Bassein, and that 
Heta had been exposed to the in- 
fection from playing with the 
strange diild. 

All these children bad one or 
more vaccine p«stules on each arm; 
I strongly urged, however^^ the 
propriety of separ^ng ,Re(aAwn* 
the qthers, but, this ceuM not be^ 
done ^iMi any great care. By tbe 
9th. day,^ the v^coae* disease mtd' 
strongly n^i;ked <)i|.i|lltjhe chtl-'' 
dren. Oo.4ho Stfi da3f,one df.dbe. 
five had a. smartij^fer^ a prelude^ 
as I appre^n^^, lo iao erupdoa 
of small pox : . j^^oiAt fifteen ^or 
tweuty small pimples appeared on 
the face ai)d b^eafttj -tfeey.were a£ 
the size of grainjLof<mu$taifl, con*' 
tained no fluid, aud ¥^re shrivallM 
and gone, five dpys from die^p -ap- : 
pearance ^ one of the oAers;, 'witk- - 
out any ppevipusi fe\er,.hadiaho Va 
number of sn^all pimples, whtchie^ ' 
maiucdlbTj/itfcwdayil. •. . 

I ihiok, the fever, anderuptioo 
in both rasrs, were probably opca- 
sioned by the variolous contagion, . 
which was clicked in its fatal* 
career by the vaccine disease. Here 
the two affections took place at the 
same time, and the result was in 
favour of tlie ii.fluence of the latter. 
One of the children, an infant four 
months old, sister to Reta, was 
nursed 



BOMBAY OCCtnUtENCES FtJH OCTOBER, 1803. 7S 



ulned by the mother, whose at- 
tmtiOD vas divided between them. 

On the 12th day of the vaccine, 
the scabbing process began, when 
I considered my subjects as per- 
fccdy secured. 

I DOW earnestly requested that 
Ibese 6.yt, as well as the four chil- 
dren fomierly inoculated, should 
be oqMiied to the infection. Their 
objections against my inoculating 
diem with variolous matter could 
nor be overcome, but they readily 
consented to their being exposed to 
the infection in any other way, as 
well from a desire of obliging me, 
as of satisfying themselves. 

The^me doth or garment which 
covered Beta, was put about the 
other children; they were con- 
sfemtly going into the sameapart^ 
ment, often on the same bed, and 
tDQcbing the sufferer. Indeed, I 
cannot imagine any more likely 
means bfcommonicatiiig infection 
than were cooMantiy resorted to. 
A grown^-np peWbo, in the house, 
who, from a Belief of having had 
tbesmatt pox, ^deitlikied being vac- 
cinated^: $a«|ght the ii^fe(^loW. 

RettiOcdmftfae I3thday6fthe 
eniptinn, thetvatcitieffesiell^ could 
scarcefybe^i^in^ttished^ owing* to 
the loadr-^'OOMildm' smdit-pbx, 
and as Mftf a)^ %hb «Mh^dayi on 
being pnnctmed, «MtaioM ^us m 
place cftheitopid vira#; ' 

The nine children tom^me per*- 
fecdy well J I believe no one will 
be disposed to donbt of then* owing 
this security to the vaccine disease ; 
no opportunity more favOdrable for 
observing the progress of the two 
diseases is likely to occur, if the 
fever, in one case, and eruption on 
two subjects, are admitted to have 
been occasioned by the contagion 
of small pox-^The size, as well as 
duration of the eruption, imply the 
power of some agent in disarming 



this serious malady of its terror ; 
and this victory must be admitted 
as due to the -fegean influence ex- 
erted by the vaccine matter. 

GeorgbKibb, M. D. 
Siip.ofFac. Ino. 
Bombay. Oct. 14, 1803. 

Persian Entertainment, 
On Monday the 26th ult. Abdul 
Lateef Khan, gave an elegant en- 
tertainment to a select party of 
ladies and gentlemen, at his house 
at the retreat. The hon. governor 
Duncan and his family, lliomas 
Lechmere, esq. first in council, 
nwyor Malcom, and many others 
were present on tlie occasion. The 
house was illuminated With much 
taste, and a number of small lights 
floating on tlie peaceful bosom of 
the Tank, in front of the bouse, 
gently wafted in various directions 
by the passing zephyrs, had a beau- 
tiful effect. The table exhibited 
a display of all the delicacies of tlie 
season, and where the rich Pillaws, 
Chillows, Spatchcocks, and Kabobs 
of Persia,were happily blended wilh 
all the luxuries of an European 
banquet, and tlie delicious flavour 
of the ruby-coloured juice of the 
grape, was wortliy the strains of 
Sie immortal Hasiz. 

On WednesdJiy last, George 
Parry, Esq. took the prescribed 
oath, and his seat as second in 
council, undergo Presidency of 
Bombay, An appropriate salute 
was fired firom the garrison on the 
occasion. 

A signal )ias been flying for some 
days past, for a two-masted vessel 
from the weiitward j she proves to 
be a snow belonging to Moosa, of 
Tellicherry, from Mm^ha, having 
unfortunately lest her rudder. Two 
pattamar boats were dispatched to 
lier asaristance, and have brought 
her in safely into the harbour. 

Ceylon 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL SEGISTEB^ 180*. 



CEYLOK 

Occurrences for Oct. 1803. 

Moldavian Ambassador. 

Oct. 12. On Monday the 10th 
inst. Ismayil Gellle, ambassador 
from the Saltan of the Maldive 
Islands, arrived at Colombo, and 
yesterday morning had an audience 
of his excellency the governor, at 
the government house. Tlie cere- 
mony was conducted by major 
Willson, town major of Colombo, 
with the usual solemnities. 



Head-Quartert, Colambo, 
Oct. 17, 1803. 

G, O. By the Governor. 

The governor has received with 
great satis&ction, the account of 
the second repulse of the Candi«is« 
from Hambangtotte, by ensign J. 
Pendergast, of his majesty's regi- 
ment of Ceylon native infantry. 

His excellency highly approves 
of the vigour, judgment, and per- 
severance, with which that officer 
has sustained, and at last dispersed 
the blockade of the enemy, and 
desires him to communicate his 
thanks to Mr. Wm. Price, assist- 
ant surgeon of his oiajesty's 12th 
l«giment, and Mr. Mc Nicol, mas- 
ter of the snow Minerva, for the 
eft'ective assistance which they af- 
forded him, as well as to inform 
the detachment of royal artillery 
And die brave veteran malays who 
form the garnson of Hamba^totte, 
of his high approbation ot their 
xeal, valour, and tidelity. 

By his excellency's command, 

(Signed) R. Arbuthnot, 
Chief Sec. to Gov, 

Intelligence having been re- 
ceived that the First Adigaar of 



Candy had assembled a my 
considerable force at Batooghedere, 
in the Saderg^ Code, with the 
intention of invadhig the firitiBfa 
territories, captain William Mac- 
pherson, of his majesty's 12thre^ 
ment, was detached from Colnnlbo, 
with a party, consisting of 50 Eu- 
ropeans, and 120 natives, to dis- 
perse hb array. 

Captain W. Macpherson left 
Columbo on the morning of Tlian- 
day, Oct. 6, and after a fatiguing 
march through the Raygam Code, 
passed the C^ndhm frontier on the 
9th. His inarch was afterwards 
opposed by the Candians, pMtd 
behind t^o ibatteries, who were 
however driven ivack without any 
loss^ on our side, 4a>d he avmsd 
opposite to Batooghedere^ ofttlte 
Dortbem bank «f tl^ Caieo Gonga, 
oa thf iHtb \xtsti The frilnets and 
nq>idity of the ctMam tendemiiit 
impossible to^Mna over, and one 
privue of the 5lst wat onliMtt- 
mtely woufided by « slnt front tke 
oi]t>osite shore* 

The Adigaar had^ however, re- 
treated whh: i^iMintatiQit to^viquds 
the province of Aova, and hts army 
supposed t6-hsiiediiipenied. 

Captain Macpherson tlierefbfe 
turned hit noardi to the nortk^vsrd, 
and prooeeded thit)ugh the Cffife- 
dian territot ies to AvisaveUer hav- 
ing executed (as far aa ciroirastan- 
ces would allow) the object of his 
expedition. 

Captain Beaver having heard 
tliat Hambangtotte was attacked 
by the Candians in great numbers, 
on the 29th ult. marched with the 
force under his command from 
Catoone, in the Matum district, 
where he was stationed, to relieve 
that place. 

He arrived at Hambangtotte on 
the 6th inst. but tlie blockade had 
already beeo raised by a spirited 

and 



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CEYLON OCCUBRENCE6 FOSL OCTOBER^ 1803. 7< 



aodjudidonssorde of ensign Pen- 
dei]^, accompanied by Mr. W. 
Price, assistant surgeon of bis ma* 
jesty's I2tb regiment, wbo was 
acciidentally upon the spot 

This sortie drorve the Candians 
to a coassiderable distance from the 
l^ace, and they have now evacu- 
ated the province of the Mahagam- 
pattoo. 

The numerous batteries con* 
stracted by them were bura^ by 
ensign Pendergast, and nothing 
bat the fatieue of the Malay in- 
valids, and the rapidity of the ene- 
my's flight, in every direction, pre- 
vented a considerable slaughter. 

The terror of the Candians on 
this occasion was alimented by a 
hmy fite kept up by the armed 
brig Minerva, daptatn John M. 
imA, whidi had been moored 
close IB shore fbr-idie purpose of 
dOaoying. the enemy « 

€iip9 of 9 Utters forni Cajdain W. 

tacfment in the fields U nn^or 
r general Macdowtdg dated Ai>i' 
. JMff/le, O^. 14> 1803* 

SiM, ' 

I consider, it n^duty to inform 
ryflOithflttbe Candkms have sus- 
Ifanod the following damage by the 
fliSrch of the detachment sent mto 



A rWitrhav&bumt about SOOhouses, 

• IP^,*o£ them fuU of -paddy and 

acekanul^ to a very large gmount. 



We have destroyed upwards of 
150 aromooams of arekanur, the 
property of the First Adigaar, and 
which, at the rate of 20 rix ds. per 
ammonam, amounts to 17,000 
rixds. 

We have also destroyed two 
large and well-constructed batte- 
ries, commanding the passes, lead- 
ing into the Saffergam Corle, from 
the Eaygam and Hewagam Corles. 

From this statement, I trust it 
will appear, that the services of the 
detachment have not been unim-^ 
portant ; and that they will assist 
m putting an end to the unpleasant 
warfare, into which the conduct of 
our savage enemies had forced us. 

I have the honor to be, &c. 

W. Macphbrsok, 
Capt.\2thfoot. 

Pearl Banks. 

Cki Monday morning, his ex- 
cellency the governor embarked on 
board the brig Alexander, to pro- 
ceed to Arripo, for the purpose of 
superintending the examination and 
. inspection of the Pearl Banks. 

His excellency was accompanied 
by Wm. Bovd^ esq. his private 
secretary, Alexander Wood, esq. 
agent of revenue for the district of 
Columbo, and G. Laugh ton, esq. 
inspector of the Pearl Banks. 

A salute of nineteen guns was 
&ied, upon this occasion, from the 
fort, and by the ships in the har- 
bour. 



Madias 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



Madras Occurrences /or Novembeb, 1805. 



The Ladroons, 
Extract of a letter, from Canton, 

via Bengal, dated i2th of Aug. 

1803. 

The I^droonsHre getting strong- 
er every day, but they are most des- 
picable coward*. They lately made 
an attack upon an American brig 
coming here, very 'nearly carried 
her, owing to their being mistaken 
'by her for pilots. ITiey first icnt 
a .small boat to reconnoitre, and 
two or three others after her with- 
out any suspicion being excited, but 
when they approach^ very ,near 
the commander fortunately per- 
ceived their pikes and shields in the 
bottom of boats -, being a stranger 
however, he did not wish to tire 
until he was quite certain of their 
intentions, and it was not till after 
they had fired two or three times at 
him that he began. — On receiving 
the first shot they made ofFas &8t aa 
they could 5 he- conceives the grape 
must have done some mischief 
among them. On commencing the 
attack they hallood in a most extra- 
ordinary manner to intimidate the 
Americans ; the most active man 
on board the brig was tl)c boatswain, 
who has unfortunately been since 
drowned at Whampoa. 

Some northern provinces are in 
a state of insurrection ; and a short 
time since there was a most daring 
robbery committed in tlie city of 
Canton. A band of robbers, armed 
wilh two swords each, entered the 
gates, and proceeded to a public 
office where they knew cash was 
ilejxwited, and very coolly walked 
off with their booty without being 
in the least degree imi^eded. 

Cotton bore a very indifferent 
price, nor was the prospect of its 



rising Sn any degree favorable. Our 
letters are entirely silent upon the 
progress of the revolutionists, who 
have lately disturbed the long es- 
tablished order of things in the 
Chinese empire. 

Presentation of the Khelaut. 

Nov. 12, 1803.— On Saturday 
tlie right hon. the governor, his ex- 
cellency the commander in chief, 
and the members of council, paid 
a visit to Chepauk palace, fi^r the 
purpose of investing his highness 
the nabob of Arcot, with a khelaut; 
a dress of ceremony, which had 
been forwarded for the acceptance 
of his highness by the emperor of 
Delhi. 

His lordship*s arrival was an- 
nomiced by a salute of nineteen 
guns, and on the delivery of a 
letter from his majesty the empe- 
ror, a royal salute vas fired fi-om 
the garrison of Fort St. George i 
the ceremony then took place, 
and sliortly afier his lordship and 
council quitted the gardens, under 
the same honors that attended their 
entry. 

His highness the nabob then 
directed nine discharges of mu»- 
^uetry to be fired in honor of the 
occasion. 

On Tuesday the nabob paid a 
visit of ceremony to the right hon. 
the governor in council, in Fort 
St. George -, on his highnest's en- 
tering the gates, a salute was fired 
from the garrison, and the guard 
being turned out, his highness was 
received with the usual ceremony. 

l"he grenadier company, of his 
majesty's 34 th regt. formed a 
street firom the fort sqyare ^te 

10 



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BOMBAY OCX:URRENCES FOR NOVEMBER, 1805. 'n 



to the goverament house, through 
which his highness passed to the 
council chamber. 

A salute of nineteen guns 
was fired on the nabob*s departure 
from the garrison. 



Bombay 
Occurrences for Nov. 1803. 

New Launch, 

On Wednesday last was launched, 
from one of the slips in the dock 
yard, another creditable specimen 
©f • the ingemiity of the native 
biiiWanj of Bombajr.— A vessel 
berweeh 7 and ^X) tofts burthen, 
toaed -the James Sibbald, in com- 
pRnaent to a gentleman f^rm^ly on 
tte civil establisbtnent at this pre- 
sidency. This vessel is entirely 
cd^ ^stfifned; vtrhich adds to 
hef tiilue, ina^iniicb as it renders 
hernwwdUJrkble.' ^ - 



, f^al 4c4def^fr • 
'An. uifortmaie aocident hap^ 
poied'^Cibahjii, on the' momiiig 
of the iSth instsmH' the' smaU 
\xat that is employed to convey pas* 
senders from Morah Bunder to^the 
passage boat, ici coming, along-side 
the latter, upset from the eagerness 
and imprudence of the persons on 
board pressing all on one side with 
the view of transhipping themselves, 
and drifted down with the ebb tide. 
We have not heard the exact num- 
ber lost on this occasion, though 
we hope not more than what has 
been already ascertained, seven 
dead bodies ha\ing been picked 
up. 

Private Festivities, 
' On Wednesday evening last a 



most elegant entertainment was 
given, to a most numerous party of 
his friends^ by major general Jones, 
at his house in town ^ — the compa- 
ny began to assemble at half past 8. 
o'clock, and by nine we had the 
pleasure of witnessing a truly bril- 
liant display of beauty, elegance, 
and fashion 5 at half past nine 
the country dances commenced to 
the lively and exhilarating air of 
Mrs. Gairden of Troop, which 
were continued with the highest 
mirth and spirit, particularly by 
|he charming exertions of the fair, 
until twelve, when the company 
were simnnoned to partake, in the 
elegant suite of rooms adjoining to 
the ball room, a superb and orna- 
mental profusion of every delicacy 
and refreshment that the place and 
season could alFord -, after supper,du- 
ring which a few well selected toasts 
went round, accompanied by appro- 
priate tunes from the artillery band ; 
country dances were renewed with 
increased vcpirit, only occasionally 
interrupted to give place to tho 
more animated exertions of the 
performers in some most enlivening 
Scotch reels, until a very late hour 
on Thursday morning, when the 
company broke up, highly grati- 
fied by the \ery handsome and po- 
lite attention of the major general, 
whose known urbanity of manners 
did not fail of exciting, in tiie 
breasts of all, universal admiration. 
Ihe honorable the governor, the 
recorder, and commanding officer 
of the forces, honoured the enter- 
tainment with their presence, as 
did his excellency vice admiral 
Rainier,^ whom we are sincerely 
rejoiced to observe was in perfect 
health and spirits ; and who^e stay 
till a late hour contributed greatly 
to the prolongation of the pleasures 
of the evening. 

The 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL ftEGKTER, 1804, 



The Atalanta. 
TTie French fr^tc Atalanta, 
Bfywm these seas » commanded 
by an officer who was oar prisoner 
during the greatest part of the last 
war. This frigate is said to be dis- 
tinguished by the ctese similiarity 
of her general appearance and ma- 
noeuvres to our own ships and dis- 
cipline ', she has on board the gyns 
of the Jason frigate, 1 8-pomiders, 
which our readers may recollect 
was lost on the coast ot France in 
179a- We have IttUe doubt but 
the commnnder of the Atalanta 
will soon again experience the hos» 
pitality of a generous enemy. 

Dreac^ul Storm. 
The following is an account of 

9 shoal which soine of Admiral 
Rainier*s squadron passed over, and 
of the storm which the whole squa- 
dron afterwards encountered in 
their passage to this port. 

On the 27th of September last, 
at noon, the Centurion, on sound- 
in j, found only 17 fathoms water, 
shortly after 21 fathoms, and then 
no ground with 35 ^thoms. The 
Lancaster, being about a mile to 
the southward of the Centurian, 
sounded at the time, and had only 

10 fathoms water, two rocks being 
then in sight, one on each side of 
the ship, which appeared to have 
much less water upon them j after 
passing by those rocks, the water 
deepened gradually to 17 fathoms, 
and then no bottom could be found 
at 35 fathoms. The Tremendous 
was about three miles to the N.W. 
(^ the Lancaster, and on sounding 
found no ground at 50 fathoms. 
The result of the observations made 
in tiie ships, at noon, determines 
the latitude of this shoal to be 7^ 
41' south. And its tbngltujie, by 
the mean of several limar obser- 
vations made about the time, and 



by three excellent time keeper? of 
Captain Heywood's, is 7*2® 5i' E 
It bears from the south pan of 
Diego Garcia S. 82° W. distant 
100 miles. 

On the 4th inst. the weather,^ 
which had been gloomy all tl\c 
foregoing day, be<^me still more 
so, and the wind, which was easter- 
ly, freshened till e\ening, when it 
blew so hard tliat no ship of the 
squadron could carry more sail than 
the courses and close-reefed main 
topsail. In the night the g^ in- 
creased so much as to obiige thfe 
ships io lye to under storm stay- 
sails or close-reefed main-top sails. 
On the morning of the 5th, at half 
past two in a violent squall of wind 
accompanied with iighm'mg» but 
no thunder^ the Tremcndout lost 
her main and raizen masts ; at four 
o'clock the gala blaw with great 
violence, af&r which it abated 
gradually till near nooQL» when the 
wind changed to N. W. and the 
weather cleared up. On the l6th 
the ships that were separated dur- 
ing tlie storm, joined the admiral, 
one of which, the Albatross, had 
loftt her topn^sts, but the rest (the 
Tremendous excepted) had fortu- 
nately suffered little danger. 

The clouds which had boen 
lowering for the whole of the cur- 
rent week, yesterday portended a 
renewal of the desolat'mg gale, 
which occurred this day four "years j 
the wind, howe^-er, subsided to- 
wards the evening, and we sin- 
cerely trust that a day, the disas- 
ters of which this island has had 
severe occasion to lament naore 
than once, may transpire more 
seasonably this year. 



Heavy Gales, 

A very heavy gale of wind has 
been 



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BOMBAY OCCUK&ENGES FOR OCIOBIffi^ 1B03. 



79 



been experienced down below, 
during the past week, from the 
^ects of which, we are concerned 
to enumerate the following disas- 
ters. 

A laig^ ship, named tlie Fatty 
Romania, under Arab colours, dis- 
masted, and at anchor between the 
points in fourteen ^thoms water, 
when the ship Peace, from Ganjam^ 
passed her. 

Hie Henry Addington, captain 
Robertson, bound to Madras, put 
back with the lost of three anchors 
and cables. 

The honoorable company's crui- 
ser, Teignnoonth, captain Edward 
Lowes, sprung her bowsprit; her 
boat washed overboard, with other 
damage. 

The Popham^ captain Reid, from 
the coast, a^r encountering the 
gale, arrived at Ke^eree, with the 
Jisss of her rudder. 

The Haldane pilot, when at an- 
chor near the Beef Buoy, shipped 
at a very heavy and tremendous 
sea, which stove her companion to 
pieces, and severely wounded a 
number of ^vople on board. 



The Hyaena. 

On Tuesday evening, at about 
sun-set, general Bellasis servants 
were greatly alarmed by the appear- 
ance of an animal that hkd en- 
croached upon his premises, and 
which proved to be one of th^ 
brgest Hyaena's he had ever seen — 
The alarm was first given by a Ban- 
daree who described the anlm^ 



from the tq> of a tree, and on his 
calling out, general Bellasis had a 
full view of the hyaena from the 
terrace, galloping down the hill 
towards his house, till he came 
within forty yards of him, when 
he turned away into an adjacent 
wood. — His shoulders appeared to 
be full three feet high, and all the 
fore part of his body was striped 
with black, as distinedy as the royal 
tyger — the animal was in high 
sleek condition, and affords a ^e 
subject for a knmt to the sporting 
gentlemen of the island. 



Nesl'itt and others, versus the Hon, 
Company. 

On Tuesday, the 8th instant, 
the honourable the recorder's court 
gave judgment in the important 
cause at the instance of W. A. 
Nesbitt, Esq. and others, com- 
plainants, against tlie honourable 
company defendants, a hearing in 
which took place at great length on 
the second day of term, unani- 
mously dismissing tlie complainant-s* 
bill. By this decision the mode of 
payment adopted by the company 
towards the. six per cent, creditors 
at this and the other presidencies, 
is, after the fullest consideration, 
completely sanctioned and con* 
finned. Counsel for jtlie com- 
plainants, ^Ir. Dowdeswell, and 
Mr. Morley ; solicitor, Mr. An- 
derson. For the honourable com- 
pany, Mr. Thriepland -, solicitor, 
Mr. riall. 



Bkngal 



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,%> 



uaasD ANKOjajMOift^, t8o«^ 



BskG^L Occurr€7ices Jbr DicEMBSB, 1803. 



The fMmf'mgis m Sairaetqf^a 
Letter, dated Pnnm rf Wtdes* 
Island^ the Sih Ma^. 

" PenangatpceaeBtitltkoeYwy 
other part of India, a perftet atajr- 
oation m trade, and aoihii^ doing. 
The vessels that have passed here 
with opjnim sold oooe, a»d left 
Malacca in the same predtcameotj 
aiid are gone on, atr^ort si^t> fer 
Borneo, whence captain Hull, in 
the PoQBKXia, is juat arrived.** 

The loss ^ the Cato and Pwpom 

detailed. 
The (bllowkig pyre the particulars 
of the firk^ewater*s voyage ^rom 
New Holland, and of the lou 
of her consorts the Cato and 
Porpoise, as detailed by her com- 
mander. 

Captain Flinders in his majesly'a 
^p Invepti^tor having discovered 
a pessiige in the strait which divides 
New Holland and New Guinea, 
which he; thought bo^ safe and 
expeditiouatK yf^^ ^bereby ioduoed 
to point ji out/ to nae and tlie com* 
mandQrj<^;th0.CatQ, a\8hi{k'oa the 
^ve . o£:l^\^ :Pqn Jadcsda, for 
Bomba)^ ,te cci^nqBqyenQe #f this 
rec0i99i(iQfhition '^I .determioed to 
pas^ thoomgllit^ aocxxnfianiad hf thtf 
Catft5.tbi8|g|at««ttlediQJiine, hot 
beiore ^n^ -Mrivai iauti^Sxxaip^ 
the fovestigator: ws. inandiiannad, 
and j^^l^lbiSiQteit.Jbis otfBceri 
and «qpw^effdeMriL hume-iB hit 
Majesty atf-ahip ^JPSoepoiSBur-^^pM 
taiir Flindertidaj0'i]i^ed^ta.:^a«a 



throngh tM strait on hia way 
tofiorope, aUdaahewastdsaillna 
iswdi^ifttrthedaywe bad pro- 
posed sailiiig. k was agreed to w^t 
and sail in cobpany. 

The thiee dbips sailed on tlfe 
10th af AuCTst, steeringour cDufse 
to the Domirard, along the coast 
of NewSoethWaleavwfaieh ^fcept 
insidrt; until the 14th we kkl tiro 
inra atioDg £rom the southward 
and eastward ; nothing unusual ex- 
cqpt diat we experienced a set of 
33 miles to the eastward* on tius 
]4th*-occiirred tUl the i8tfa-^-on 
that day, at two P. M. the Catb 
oiade the signal of seeing lazid, 
which was instantly recognised tty 
uatobea «eefof Coral, small a 
extent, and on which the sea btt)ke 
very high at times. At the time 
the signal was made, it bove £rom 
tts S. S. W. and was distant from 
thvae to four miles. The Pdrpoiae 
Imiled up to examine it, at'the 
same time made the signal 'fbr tis 
ao continue our course, whldh w6 
did under easy sail. In the etito* 
ing, having examkied the n^/Urd 
Porpoise was -again ub 'witk Hk', 
and made the s^ial to keep^uhcfeilr 
an easy nil and working dnring'tifti 
night. AC seven* F. M. ^e htA 
fot in^berslation, whidiwa9% 
q«iarcerof a mile a-4iead ) and^ 
half* past nitie die might be M>vft 
tworcaUef ieagtli a-bead, and the 
Oato, at'the sam« time, about one 
mile ja^stemtof un. 
--'"l^io^iiglilNm^dai^cand cloudy, 
— the 



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BEKQAt OCCtIlk»EKQBS FOA I»CXMB£a. 1809. Si 



tbe vind %va$ IMi ; wtwm%im^ 
mn g hgfor eUonderaartb JM d oufale . 
nefed u>p-6aul8 and fiiro-Mil, at Chd 
lateflfievenaod a lialf kooUper 
Ihoor. About this iusm, tlie fmh 
o6Koer« who had the ^oik out en 
ik forecastle^ came wA tomf, Ike 
Bnrpotse had hove her hmdbide to 
the wind, and ^Inm^diet<1^r there 
Wai a geomai cry from the ibre- 
castle, ' breakers a-head :* I was 
laest Ibrtunately at this time on 
dsck, having just come oat from 
supper, and bad, on the officer's 
ttport of the Porpoise having hove 
tao, iiiatandy ordered the heim to 
be {mt a-port, and the hands to be 
turned i^), it having been mj in- 
tentloD to have hauled ofi^ to the 
esstward : die wind at this tune was 
at S. S. £. but before oor sails were 
trinnDed she was in the wind. We 
then laid our after yards square,and 
the head-sails a-box : this had the 
desired eScd^ when the ship fell 
round oflF, but not before she was 
io the suf : got our larboard tacks 
on board, and set the main-tjp- 
gallant tails and stay-sails, and stood 
to the S.W. She was iusi begm- 
niag to draw off when the Porpoise 
was scarcely the sfaip*s JeE^;th from 
OS to leeward, settling with her 
head towards us, and her broadside 
upott the reef j her ibre-roait gone, 
and the sea breaking over her. At 
this moment we peroetved the 
Calo withm half a cable's length, 
atandtog stero oo for ua. (It is 
Ifaoiigfat that at this time no one 
OQ board the Cato had seen the 
Mef.) I hailed to pot their hehn 
a starboard* t^ which means she 
juat cleared ua, and luffed i;^ under 
oor stem. Had she fell on board 
of OS the consequence must have 
been dieadful indeed — we must 
both haie gone on shore. We now 
in a lew poinutes perceived we hnd 
cleared the mef, but eor 4Wgm- 
Voi. 6. t 



tulationi weie miaed with tfaeraest 
painfel Inflections on the sufferings 
of the csew wmdMd : ikor were we 
witlKNftt tbe mo9t amons af prehen- 
aieos that te fetch or reef 
we hmi seen in dr day, might be 
rnnnfintei with diia l^ interme« 
diate patefaea, or by a eonttnued 
chain, in n^ber eaaa forming a 
frighdfol daiiger« every risk of 
which we sbeuld have had to en«> 
oonnter, aa it was very unsettled 
weather, and tmcertain whether 
we shoidd be aUe id weather the 
first reef, nor could we judge how 
fiu- to the eastward the hitter might 
extend. 

We held an early consultation 
on the possibility of sen^ng assist- 
ance to the crew of the Porpoise, 
when all ^reed that, from the 
state of the weather which was 
now much aggravated by the in- 
creasing of wind ) as also .the sorf 
upon «Qd near the reef, which a 
boat could not approach without 
certain destruction. All these taken 
into consideration > it was concluded 
impossible to yielfi any assistance 
that night ; but it Was determined, 
if possible, to be with them by 
break of day. 

We had not long stood off the 
reef before we saw a light on board 
the Cato , we at this time shewed 
three iights» and continued lighu 
all night at the miseo top-mast 
head. At one A.M. wore ship 
and stood for the reef : at two A .M . 
the reefin sight, at the distance of 
about half a mile, the sea breaking 
veiyhighs were sh^ and stood off 
to the atrnthward^ At day break 
woieihip and aleod for the reef, 
aoA when the day was broke, we 
had the mortlftcaticn to pereeive 
the Cato hadsterad the frue of the 
Pmniaef the hear and bowsprit 
of thn latter eafy» at infemah, ap- 
pMwAthrouih Ihn f«(: ^ &r- 



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MStXrSO ANNUAL'lUBCaffirBR;, 1804, .: r/^: 



Mer^)rl<^itli bMtam eKpoM to 
fH03^^ ivhi^h brsfkewfttk treiBen^ 
dOQSiifiity over hfcr; 'Hot » niast 
t^ffdin^. ^ KiadiojR ^^ could sot 
trttftiber the vtef, aod>tliat it ynm 
p&w loo 'late^ hid ttf4iBen<' ia odr 
pofwet^ t& givie «herti utf. oasui^ 
moe/sodr i^' fsflrtng thu; Aite 
Inight; be tembayedor nrntangled by 
the supposed chain or patdtea^ «)i 
tjiarsfpr» that remtkiidi for nd to 
d» was, ehbtr by diirt of cairji- 
m^ iml to weather the reef ft> the 
soQtimraffdi ar> if iiuliDgiB that> 
lo push to leeward and eodeaTour 
to find* a pasHBge between the 
patches of the reef to tlie north* 
waid* At ten A. M. we found by 
ehroDometers we iiod got consider 
rably to the westward, and that it 
woidd be inipos8ible>w»th the wind, 
as' it then was j blowing strong fvotn 
the 8. E. with a heavy aea, ta 
weather the southern reef, we 
therefore determined; while we 
had the day before ua, to run to ibc 
westwaid of the northern reef. 

At two P.M. of the l.9th> we 
gotaight of the reef^bearing N.N;£< 
^^afc&ve P. M. we ooaid perceive 
the wrecks, and astc^tainod the. 
iitesteitoaaoat extent of the Vfsef, 
long, per chronometers E. l''&^ : 
^-42 X: ^30 S. (it shewed three 
patches laying N. N. E. & S. S* W« 
Iti kogth abcmt eight or ten milea ; 
we.paat the patoh to-the south- 
vf%rd aiid westward wjUhin from 
t^H»ito<>thiee miles at this /time) 
sist'P^M/y^litrie pf the wfec*a 
t0b<^.sfien>t.tbft:wM «tillWowiiig 
fheslDbiinthrJtoervmuiig i^in^ . 
^ : :Aifieit'pamig J^h^mn^ vrey^too 
for -tboinighl*}; and int eIj^ i«orpiing 

. we:bad/i0sti«ightef lit jh»yii%< drift? 

ed tQithe'DOi^wwrd.^ M 

• We waftinow m » tack of the 
sea unknowi^^aed too toi.^ ^ 

•leewsird ta firCoh into the trade thut 

•has beenruflj by ships in genend^ 



franBartJacloNMi^oIiidbt thd4Mi 
of goittg through the pa«ag|^ Ue«» 
tweea NcwHoHand^ NewGoinoa^ 
I ganre n^, md sbaptd a «€K|r«eito 
pMs'b^cween New GuineH'^aoil 
Ntw^Creodgiai >We coDtin«»9d elo 
have^the wmdi. atrdng fmin-vthe 
southwavA, and on the 25dr jof 
Augivt we oaade Cape Deceptmib: 
oi»<faewie0t end of the bhuid-oC 
Ni9w€MeovgtB,beanngnQrih' eighl 
leagues > stoodtto tbe ^^N^^^iivd 
endereasy aail^ during :ibe.! nighty 
with unsettled weatf^eTj at ii^M» 
A.' M. land seen ^.froiB Jtfae fO^mk 
head at S. & \Y. M no tend WM 
laid down m any of roy idbarir in 
that fbreotioBii we haijted tprtitiQ 
8* &i W. to exmmiie it ^.i et^httf 
pastdc»e«« A..M* the: ship JWM 
within fixun tlH^a to tbitee mijbefl^ 
ft dry patch of ^and> on 9^hidio the 
sed dklinotibieak.' . This .p«u^)^ 
about tlwte pr ibur leagueitio ilhe 
northward of' alt .isla<i4 «Fhicbi.iii^ 
believe has «ot bi^. $#eo be^oiii^ii 
I have.Mtherefom cftttri it tlPiiaoopa 
Islandrand.the iry paitii^h* of ,^9v»d 
the Bfidgewateir*:s fihoal% At neioo 
wehaiuledj>to tbe-npnthward and 
westward; at fere P. M> the ^a6d^ 
dofiein wUhthfs isbndj.of Ne« 
Geoi^iai jptwny iCano«s> i^ith Jift^ 
tiye», .catne off, mhoj^ofij^t a fem 
eQC:oa-niats:.end 3sb, te ^^i^^k^^ 
forktm^fo.j' I -,: . v.: »t 
^ On ihe^ath we jessed Ttl^i«^ 
Shmlaiids :St^aH3« snd^ijstmtiiMied 
t^ h9ye:£<ie.wf^lh«r nmUiitb^HQ^ 
•^•.Scptembtfrji w^/w«sw thierfb^/m 
kcigitiiiae.i'44>«T 43 .£4}{mA<tot^^ 

o^5®\ftoinh. u.:d^iu6t9m^^B4m 

J^k^en 5j %wi Ihiftridayv/weiihud 
Ught >^»ds and c^lnannp^ tbeil^gNAf 
of JSepttMBteer. : with ^troi^icari5«i«ta 
sgafoftU.Wii^en tte 6th<>ftQc^4iU«t 
ppfl^edf tfctonghitDajnpifitP: Slriiito^ 
and <.«ith« i^th:^deiied ^im^^a^ 
wgOi-^-onj th0 27.th'passod thti^gigh 
the Straight* oi Saileyer^ and on 

the 



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BENGAL OCCUKRfiNOES FC»l DfiOEMBBR^ 1803. ». 



§^. M^^BiK^ored in Bataria Boads^ 
tend cidiflg liere 15 Dutck' ships; 
dfrw^Doilcfa UngB> one Amevkan 
^ofie.ED^i^thlp. 'At7'P^Mj 
tbe guard boat, with am ^olftosrS 
ctkte'Wi board. Hod nxxividferec^K 
Mbt«ifltion respecting .flw ' ship | 
tefil whence sh^ catoe/ CDmnai]^ 
Au-Vname. miihbetr of gtns, mea^ 
kCi Soon afmr be hjsd ieftvth^ 
iU^,ifMr. Labodk eande on bosrd^ 
iK^Dd'iafottned me, be 'w^i ^st 
tiffieer bf the l^igHsb d^ in the 
^oidi;^ ^arsbe was called the 
Mkb^f Wales, and belonged to 
^ Mtv Elliott, of Prtnce of/ Waiei 
Mbd ; he 4ben informed me' of 
te Vsg- havbg lakea place bortweed 
ki^l^ttd, ^[^ce, and tbeBatavi^i 
^>nMic; ^t the Mp ta which 
b^^boloi^ed was detained; and in 
p6s»ese;k)n of the DniCh^that hh 
^h ami rodder 'tvrere ^^aken <m 
sto«; that he had ptoiHti&ion to 
hsk^ hiR ihip vti % pretence of 
ga^ cm ' board ^* AtnericAi^ 
tilien he^caoMf to give us this knfor* 
flMioni be infermediKrtheiewad 
tet iiyf «)ne ^ipitt the iroadfr thst 
yi^^SQpdrior forth to the BHdge- 
i»dt^« fl»idfl»it she \v^«ot \ff\^'fti 
rftfcbdffhe-guflfrfrottt'ilie battery; 
Chat d Dntch iHgat^ and a bri^ 
d^t#ere Ataitioned tlMre had Mikd 
two davs before for theisfraights'of 
SmOsiy to ^oftvty ttr ' BMa v^, a 
^e§d ihat-was «rrrlved fr«n Eti^ 
ft^;'il)d'>j^atf then at^nch^r in thd 
Ktr^i^y^^id ^Ich fai^d bit^ht 
liMiolbi^iiAtlon iespdclirfg«h^'war? 
(his^gMi^nxati^^Uh^ Itift'Jthe «hip; 
fi^g//we^Uinght espjtecc "to- be 
im&A^m^fi&ti m' ^p 'land' wind 
Mnc^r^fu i A"-c<)n«tt(iariidii| ivM 
Md^iikiHi'^iat 6i^)itfdett*finfta^ t^ 
cM^iAd ]«an'mit')ik'tt(i ttlie1«iy^di«cHndj 
wii^fVlrJl:;iil(d6k/faiid infbrltied ni 
i^9ttld-i'^c^n»iiiin<i^\vab^t^i''elemi 



oNc]odc> aadcottlthufe lilt IQsq or 
elewathenextitiomh^ ; the night 
was paffticolarly dark> and/from our 
anchoring so la^ ia the evenings 
vo'had not 'the: bearings of either 
of the besobns wliich ate at the 
entrance v£ the ixnds y the chance 
of' oor Bvofding* these shoals was 
thought a hazaid equal •to that of 
reoiaimngfuntil dayuHght. . 

I ordered the hands to-be qiuetly 
turned tip, when i infomied them 
of the war, with the situation of the 
ship, and the determmation to de- 
fend her against the enemy, for 
such we deemed them :. they all 
to a man declared they would risk 
every thing in lighting their way 
out, prefering death to a prison ^ 
Batavfa« 

With this resolution the ham- 
mocks were sto^v^d in the nettii^, 
and eveiy thing in readiness to 
prevent being boarded j the pow^ 
der designed as a compliment for 
oar guns were all loaded, as we 
intendod to salute the Fort at sun'^ 
rise, was reserved for the preserva- 
tion of the ship 5 the small aim^ 
alt in readiness, and tl^ men at 
thefir quartets during the night, 
lEHthagOodlook oiitottdeck. Al 
eleven o'clock a boat came .under 
the stem, but on being hailed in- 
stantly To^'ed off. We observed 
the^bips near us were^mplo]^ all 
night, and* boats constantly passing 
Ihmi th# shore to those ships. At 
4 A.M. hove shorty at day-light 
welgli4^d^)dmad6 sai>out of the 
r0ad«<, ivith'a light air of'^ wind off 
the land 5 It war instantly Observed 
ij^e* hdd weighed t^ihose about us^ 
tt'hett' d ^sig^bl was inade, and 1 wo 
of^ fhei)arge»ti$hlp^'U4^'twici brigs 
slipt and made iS^ aft^us<*^t this 
tv\\e'& ^f With I'i^'tnen andean 
ofBcet^ ill her ^art¥fr>w*thi«J hail of 
fhd'ship/- wfaeri hcw^ desired to 



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«tf ^*^^8X cnjiaiA«C^JUS!atJAL'KEGl8T£R;.idb4it^'*oH 



^{{^Hflff^MiMfr ; otimy^qctesttiig 
^^ifiilAv Ki^'bttift^sft^ lie said tho 
c2MMi4o^l«r#^idll^d-nuiOfe ^ tM 

te^flil^idd^i^^^' but tbat.f ;«o«M 
na^^si^^ 'Mitttn^hkn^th^ mom* 

Wfm^^iimL^i^ :^ow to avoid the 

smS^^^i'' Sunday we deiecmiH^ 
^'^s^dt-' ihetfitndghttf ^tiariM^ 
ifid^^l^'posvU^le^pfttt tH^sm before 
jtil^e^ut^micAiteiDforin&tiaD fn^ 
I^HMHoO^Mf baving^quktnd^tiie 

«i^>ti»):^ netiist 'wjiile wo.;tiadl 
j*>wd«r^^ «nd-lTttst'tdi'-<»ur aaiUs)^ 
4ild io dia|i€^;lortbe i€9t»-^NStDoi 
4othe"wl»t«'atd, uith fffiiiebi'deie 
#odrt^-I«r. S,. -'At iMtf pott $y icf 
du^i^, thrdsi d^ in sights vMab 
ii^ ^jtifit-haoled rooiidi' St/Nioi>dkis 
«Po1iit'^lbod on our .GOitfi^^>.at 4 
imfd^^^Miifl'OQt to be liie frigate, 
Mg,^«nd Sm^eed^ which ^^ws^lttd 
Wdki iitflXAXied«^^««cleaPOlship kr 
^ic(2oH<*^Hft Imlf pbst 4 tiM^^^tgale 
^ttud brig baMled^Tight ti0 f<isiis;>tbe 
Mg^^4il:0ttt^4C liille A ikeitdtof d4e 
^g^^ the brig ««ood ^oi^ wtil 
^«4cbki fittl^Qt^ wlieii ske tore 

StMd^Mood^ cfaeBastwifd^ tbe 
ndaitfairtiKB^ framlbe NiN.W. 
-^tto-^rigst^ oofeAuiQed«o stand 
'liiiYallfil«stir|V«uitila0kridiii»^th6 suae 

Htiqithmtdi^4«ar vkiraB^ tbe^wesd 
•|ightt>».)Md. . t;Ali«uii-^B^ 4ixc liii- 
^tt'^UHl MgiaxkhDPed> ^-^v^S 

«beiw^o(Si.7 widholasisPbto viuid 
BF^hy^bqp' aAt^4 ^M^^uitig^ed 
2attfdi^UiHUt^(we44mi;^«idtheS!weed 
badtMM'^ ttui' 9Qiitblfi«i!K^Bid 
tif^MMnntuhiiMg fbenoji^ltfi^d'was 
iiiii«M/#ilt'de^ou|K>uxiia£ i:^Zlie 
££rigine/aild'4Dngl v^l^;i^ a{U^Blb6d 
ctftibieafl^vasd^^ obsenflcdipRnrs 



pasiihglrom the frigate^ llM^lttlg 
wWdiwedotibt not Imd %efeif*dis- 
p«ttch«d'froni Batatib ot^the8di| 
weftJl-.irtwflh and broughfei|ois4tt 
the MTbights of Sunda, the kf^ 
hme]y Lais,- captain Mc ArthnH 
an Afneriiten,. from PhiJiNiie^a 
bound to Ba«3vks from whdm-i»e 
retehsed a T^ws-paper, ki AMhieh 
ttaflnMT^ thed^daratioA of Wi* 
between fifigland, France, aoA' tbe 
Betavkn republic; Clea«eA th^e 
straighten Sjundatbw day*- 

•" Lotigitude sMndihg of flife' fej, 
or Carols Eeef, V"55U5.3&E. 

■, r:ong^tude' Ai-tto, 6r Tbrpbi*^ 
Reef/15^. 42'0O E, kr. 2^. WS. 
''' I/if&i^tade Prinsefs Isitmd^ii*©. 

"' Brtdgervvater's shoal 156 49 E. 



fr;i;B^ietter^£Eom«Bagdad we kson, 
that^ooTthe 4&ib September iast, 
«Tait£b: bad anived frefnOiRtt^n- 
tinople, ciiiarged with a dispatdk:^ 
the resident aWftagdad, Harford 
Jones, Esq. accompanied by a letter 
in vellum fr^iftfdra-Oastlereagh, as 
president Qf^the{K>ard of controid, 
to the addrfeis of 4iis^ hijghijes^ 'tte 
pacha> conveyfidin a most elegant 
box, adqrned with his majesty's 
arms, afiiiifclbseil itf ^tiftjiit^perb 

,.ii,.l»»st##]!ss5^gftrtBli^fftf/94^^e 

-ft9ftvt»iriW]p^>apf05(iVjjh«^ y«t Jys 

before all his council, officeijj||^d 
household, assembled to witness 
the ceremony, the obligations be 
c^sldl^^^mn^Apu)fd«loia the 
British goverDii^eh^ and his fixed 
-Ikltijnlaistiimcdtq :/^|i^)l^^ all 

r 



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BOMBAY OQCUBBBNCBS VOS 0£l»MftSR> 1803. «» 



^loeftjte good wiU oad ineBcbhip. 
•\ 0« tlui 9ccast<m the pacha was 
pieiKdt in ccMdtquenoe of the di* 
il9Cta9D»of his highness the grand 
pna, to <leliver to the resident 
A» hedge o£ the order of the 
tmcmi of the second cbss^ the 
aesoeotandstar iudiamondsgranted. 
bf the Ottoman ena^ror at his 
bif^ness 9 the pacha's re<{oe$t noade 
(0 the Porte in Deocca^er^ IH02. 
Mf . looes's investing himself pub^ 
My with these distinguished in- 
sula will, of course, depend upon 
tiie pleasure of his sovereign. 

The pacha was to have nooved 
from Bs^gdad about the middle of 
I^ October 3 and it was confidently 
reported, that his highness would 
eDcamp between HUlac and Imaum 
Ally; whilst accounts hrom Bush- 
ire, oif the ] St of September^.staCe 
that the imaum of Muscat was on 
the eve of proceeding firom thence 
to tiie Zobara, witb a fleet of ei^t 
isi^ ships, and sixtj.dows^ the 
ittSersrirreprincipBiiy as t r ansp orts^ 
taaetolfeosiTdf against the Wa- 



.. BOMBAY 

Occurrences forJUQC 1803, 

. ., P^ariux^ (if ^ka Hus$en. 

^^tbe3d9aitSRC, Ata4fisMeA, 
the nephew of the late Perlfwi 

^iiiBkmM, HiUjeelCalSitpl^ Klian, 
mmkA imHs MH»^ lb ^Pet^ 
^ ^ Pie Bi^^y ; ic^teitt ' Aon- 

:^RMoift>ttb^ a SAtoi^^ i^v^btMin 

"ijnif// ot '* -■'/,"■ *^^' ' • .1 1- ' il 
^ tiVj'jL^^ .<J '.':; . '. ..: ::j ^a* 

Wcrter^ tile pieaswe i4if iburfl- 
-lfl|i the pwgieas ef this aspiring 



t »^ 



sectaiy aodhblillbMrSk JQlrqfer< 
ter v«y fiHmmoTed ftom#^Mm«k 
of thdr late ^tmUsoag Mtpiote 
iicarKecbeBe-ntheircac«ir« mm^ 
tiftt haa< hato equaUf oudeciovs 
andsuccesiAili Thedestructfam^ 
the m a grttfictim seputoe oi Hoiis^ 
wta, the Mae^> ^wcvnred in A^ 
1802. In traciiig tbe«llMequ«Dt 
piogress of the Wahabeea we fin4 
that in February last, th^ Imas* 
under the command of the ddesi 
sonof Abdul Aaiz, theWahabee 
Sheikh of Nagged, after sevefiri 
ebstinarte conflico with those ef 
the Jcffilfe of Mecca, in which the 
iMmer eiperienced eensiderable 
losses, invested Taif ; the Jeriffe 
finding faunaelfdosely pressed, and 
that his mansions at Taif were a 
prey to the iames^ mtieated to 
Jieixa, entrusting In his brother» 
. Ab^ Moien, the defence of the 
ioriiier f^kce \ faithless h<ywever to 
his tmst Abdul Moien immediately 
dnerted to the Wehabee, and de- 
cided their suocesa i^ainst IW. 
£xa8peseled at the resistanoe th(^ 
had met* with they ranieefced this 
faweiiftd dty, and putting 4ti( in- 
habitants to the swetdi irithout^es- 
pedt t»«georwx, redueedUto a 
heap of ruiQS, having seoeiutseeTjen 
tb okanual'hriDoor m demolish what 
the flames eoolioot coosumfej^^ 
not satji£edwllii this work <<>f de« 
scruc^on^ ttieyilrst wrecked ftbttir 
vengeance en the caletantedi far- 
dens Ja thevioaity, «mI< destivpy- 
-in^etm^ oeeandahnil^ tonarerted 
r^ts ooee Entile reg^ Into 10 i6- 
i solutBidesact. ThSr booty^here is 
r.Bc^0fted td hftre bdtfi ixpiMfittf^Sa 
roeaddBtabh&/pei«&0B «f ^ J^lfli^'s 
olwpai«viiiMi«g iaib theittnands. ' 
I ' OiL;tbeidfih"idf ||beisantefxx>nth, 
oiieir aaay^accompal>iddrjb)r Abdul 
Moi4n» tiavine achranicedj.within a 
iew mUes of Mecca, v.the Jerifle, 
m the course of the night, leaving 



his 



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ASIATK AKKUAL llEGli5ffeR, ifec*. '^^^^ 



hfs^house in flarfjci, fled to Jadd*; 
yhtti on' ther fbllowing morntng 
th^ fentered tbe «afcred city with- 
tmt bppeiition . Their approach to 
Mid<(*c4 ivas ui ttnexpeeted and «ud- 
6eUy ^iOtHtk^ kiterctpted a great 

• tiuifcib^tr of ;^ig;rtoi^- who had not 
time to *«JCl^i* ali t*f whom tverc 
|)ro^ifoitttd from leaving the place. 

r ' The first tjbject that now occu- 
i5]^ied' the Wahabees was to cxtrn- 
' guish-the^re in die Jeriflfe's house, 
which * they soon accbmplhhed. 
' ThcY irext rewarded the treachery 
Tof Aixkil Mvien, piacing- the keys 
of the caaba xnd the sovereign 
power m his hands j— havkig 
promised protection to the inha- 
bitants in case of non-resistance, 
they proved themselves €iith^l to 
th^plec^e,. eiBccpt in a few in- 
stances ; they however had no 
mercy on the tombs of thed^dSn- 
dants of the prophets and other 
saints $aU hands bdng comp«H^d 
to assist in their destruction, hi a 
sliort space of time, lipwards of 
thirty of them, the ' prond orna- 
ments of Mecca*, became levelled 
to thQ ground ; and* so ardent Was 
the zeal of the' depredators^, that 
many of them were buried in the 
ruins ;-^-ieveral places within the 
'railing, surroonding the caaba, 
met widi thesime fate; such as 
the' pkces of the H^afies, the 
Shafes, the Hamhilics, and tie 
3V^aKkic» ; ther tomb * 6f Ismael 

* 'wds also str i pt df its istrver of gotden 
'xltJth; which Was thro\vn on the 
'top bfcaib^^*— everyone was ibrccd 
" todeiUerHtofiU^eat^sahd to Wrtihis 

hooka, butm^ettiltif thtrt^t^r was 
remroed ; cofiee was prohibited, and 
all the coffee-houses puUed down. 

Having satiated their vengeance 
and arranged matters at Mecca, 
and leaving the Jerifle's brother to 
rule in this city, tlie Wahabe^, on 
the l^th of May, advanced to Jud- 



da, with about 600d itM»i mMi 
which they made a liesp^ral^ jK- 
tack ; the Jeriffe, however, bMtig 
been pr^pflred ibr their ree^^MsM, 

. iiy iaodmg cannon from iie ships 
iii the roads and bummg tbi! s^ 
nrbs^ ihkt it might not afDtrd them 
cover, they wene here tepdis^; 
not discouraged by one i^dvc^rse 

-event,' their attack wa^ persiiiet^ 
in, 'and fi^tfqnently renews ^ die 
space of nihe dayi and asifrequendy 
<fid it ' fringe unsttccedsfuf ; th^y, 
however , reduced Judd^ tdthe^reat - 
est distress, from b^rig iti*n gteat 

* meagre in comiAftnd of ^11 their 
supplies, and partfciJlarly ^kt'tit- 
cessstrf one wat<ir. Tlie J^riSfe 
arid prindpal people of Ifidd*; de- 
spaiHng of repdling the' i&vaikFs^ 
had, as the iast alternative^ reddtu^e 
to negotiation, and 9tK:ceeded in 

' ptu-d)k^rig a trttce for the siim of 

■tmt he and thirty thoosahddbllffit! 
when'^Ac 'Wi^abees returned ^o 
Mecci. 

- ^ iWe shall have the pleasure of 
continuing this interesting account. 

G, 0, By Government, 
Bchnbay COtle, Kkh December, 1803. 

The liorionraWc^'tJie gbvei^nor in 
council, ^^hatving, Tri vH6w to "Ae 
emerg^t i^alls of the publii* icr- 
vice, found it iiidlspensiWe )Ld ddn- 
\-ert ?mmbdiatfely the''feBdbIte"cb^ 
into a regiment of .^mfantr)^ .gti tlie 
regukr eitablfthment, Jacfeti^jdept, 
that; the' samfe. ieai ^ knd' |)ffl^ 
spirit that tave hitherto ' iifettred 
the; voTfdnt^ seHices ,qf 'tfiy'c^- 
' cere of tbat^i*ps, wiHehsfere their 
ready concurrence in this essential 
means of promoting the national 
objects now in issue, by parting for 
the present, with tlie men, who 
have under their command, just 
attmned to a state of military know- 
ledge; and *discipi%»ei( qualifying 

tlicm 



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BOMBAY/OCQefWENCES'Kjpi I>EG«4R8»* ^^OS. ^7 



.4^av%-tlM doties of die field, to 
yfln^' tbey^are destined.^ govern- 
IQept ba?u)g> at the sam^ t^nw, 
gjMreaorddrst for the immediate, re- 
cnii^ of the fencible oorp^, to 
1^ «iid that it majagmn .be as 
TipMUy «!» poMiWe io a i^^te, with 
fei^ect.to munbers aod discipline^ 
.sw^tibjeof taking aaaqtiv^ sliaire 
iR^tb& defence of this invaluable 
j^tUeraeiat; towasdf preparing it 
for whicii the govampr in council 
r^s pfithe z^pus atK^ cheerful 
jCK^Hsperatioii of iU volunteer pfti- 
.0^, to whom, as well in (us poU- 
ti^l as in hU. M^rate capacity of 
<3Qk!nel oi the oofqs^, he t^es this 
masion; jto raoew hU. ackiv^w- 
lf^dp(ia|i(ts for the constant i^ttention 
.>iMP^ ;proEoptit»de they ha.ye \uoi- 
kpfdy evi^ppA ,in difici^rg}n|r the 
-jdujties^f the fencible re^iiuent j a 
:0>q)^^uchhe )YUl'bav<^.fiP^><^^* 
Jar JB^s^c^ion in. ^i^ ^peedSy 
irestpi^ to aiv.<sffii^t s^te.. . 
J.A. GR^NT* 

r^ ♦Lately, a. Ll^pi^oi, a vessel 
tinder the name ot the Duncan, in 
,,^ houour of the honourable the ga- 
.vernor of Bombay, uncUr whose 
J patronage she was built. — She is a 
small ship of between 350 and 400 
, tops burden. 

, Jhii is tlie first JEngljsh ship ever 
. built on tills side of India, perhaps, 
-J. ia India. in general, from teak tira- 
,:b€r entirely, the produce of the 
, honourable company's territories. 

liioiJcu ^ili .'jrionV'TI to ?.i\f'] 

^'»t ;^.iiJib:. ■ •♦ T/'M I //i ;i -'' >■ 'U'l 

:i'v .n Mil "»•'.: I'{V' *n .^"i-' '■'* 

'-Di .Sr'f>-'.itt..'» ii'vi: vih;:LJ T.i 



By far the greatest part pf,-th^ftin^ 
ber hitherto used haa been procuri^/1 
either from liasseiu and other .pfarts 
belonging to different .MahcaUa 
sta^^« to the nortl^ard ,Qf 39f9^' 
bay, orfrA«n Cochin andTraveri- 
C9re to tM souiliward of Malabac. 
, But not only the \vl^le^ ot'the 
tuuber pf which tliis ship is gou- 
&tructed is the produce ^ ^f the 
company's teiTitories j conside^rab.le 
pan of the iron, pitch, and tar, 
used in her construction, ^re the 
native produce of ^Jalabar. The 
whole of the tar madevMie of wjsls 
extracted ^om tlie chips and saw- 
dust from the vessel KerseJf, and 
no other tar whatever has been 
niadc use pf than teak tar, wbii^h 
is allowed to be, by son^, superior 
to the Korway or any oUier ^r at 
present imported from the uortliejn 
nations of Europe. / , ^ 

, This ship was completed at the 
expence ot the honourable com- 
pany, under the patronage above- 
jiietUipned— rand from the encou- 
r^ement which will, uo doubt, 
be given to naval architecture, iuid 
the arts dependent on it, it is can- 
'fideutly presumed, thnt IVIalabar 
may very soon, be rendered to sup- 
ply the whole wants of the royal 
na\7, on the East India station at 
least, if not to a much greater ex- 
tent; and thus turr. !^ r h-.Iriice tf 
trade with the northern nations of 
Europe, in favor of Great Brita^ii : 
an advant^e which it would,, be 
difficult to overvalue at^ any tin;ie, 
but especially at the comtneflce- 
rocnt of a war with an eneih>* as 
inoglaxiyble as powerful, ,' . ^ 



■ ) V :: ^ I" r ""> T * - 









Bengal 



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8t^ ^o^saa4er'AMNtMl «i«cntt;'4»4XAaMoa 



I 



/9.i' 






• ?1 bpV 









a<9f»» ix«»*rit9««u ^ «* w.es^wai;d, at 4 A. At fipva^shorti. 

•/¥tti**Is Mijftstf* lAip-^^'; on tLc sraall bower, at 5 o-cioc^\ 
cortte,- <3*p«W'^Woi6a;'-ttrrtv«?d-'W' -weighed aod made saU,. ^d ak A,. 
TVittcotofe/ aftd thc'rbjraVlWtffln^ ^ anchored to the .< E. o£ the raiad%^ 
od'botf^l lica«!<>f-th6'Hrr^aS«crB -of-? ground in 6-^ truhom water j./^ 
oar- trodps. by the Candlatt*, tbtf giack water weighed aud made s^lLj, 
iifitoadialfify, wRha tlwacltensUd" working out of the harbour ^ ^tig 
bttsi'of true Brfti^h indi^tldn, . p^.^ 4 p jv,| )ieutenant i^ardj ieft^ 
addi^essfed captem Wood in the fbl- the sbipj the ligftt house, thou beaf-,^ 
loving terms : '* We, <he Hon- i^g ^^ | E. ia fluhoni . w;iter^,j 
commissioned officers ati€ priv^^ sU^nding tp tTic N^'W.iu t^ompgiiy ■ 
of the party of royal marine^. no# * ^^itb a ship and brig ^ "' " 



serving under your command/ 
always having our king tod country- 
at heart, whh to volunteer oui^ 
service to afct on shore, if required, 
on any duiy, as our hearts pant fbi^' 
80 many of our brave countryhien 
who have &llen by the Inhuman 
massacre of the king of Candy/' 



LOSS Ot THE SHIP ST. OEOaQB«. 

Extract of a Letter from Bombay ^ 
Mid July, 180a. 
Oil Thursday morning, the ship' 
Saint George, captain Urquhart, 
struck upon the south-west prong 
of the reef, from which the ut- 
most exertions of her captain, 
officers', and crew, aided by the 
officers of the port, who went im 



bearings, tlie li^tljoyse'|C, %. %l^, ^ 
Malabar toipt N./b E.'^ E. l}^^ 
nonhern-uitjst paptqfj great Carai^^ 
jaE. iN/Wra,%bE.lf,,j^ 
at ^ past 9, niidi^g^ the ^b^ done, 
tacked a^id stood ^^to . t^e S". S. \V . 
but sopp niicli^. tlie .Wind 'di^-/ 
away and tjbe tiple ^eUi^ us . bodil^^^ 
in shore, cajiiCj tjd aii anefioTjin /"-Jj^ 
fathoms, ' tHe li gh t house bearing , E* r . 

N.E. ,_ 

. Thwj^^.^un^ Wdtr^A4^, imf\ 

noting aj)fe,tp>ea^«^^^ 
fathom, but tlieji^uR n}^^^^Mf^>^ 



mediately to her assistance, could gather^ aterp ^iy^,04!^>^^W^ 
not relieve her. — The cargo we are cquIc^^ IjwcQiic^t f}fifii^?^nfi^^ 

:-.x' — ^j :- i^»^i« A .J she stijuc{t'a(6atiu a^d jiosijipp^l^ 

rudder, (tt^^^ter Iwyiug ^pc'r^^s^ 
to 4 fatliora' while die'snip was m 
stays) being now,ungoverpyil^e,,^s^ 
drove higher , up .\^it|j th^/si^jt ^fl,; 
soon settling ^n a. rpct^fiml^Jffiig^^ 
fiHeid with water, 5 — ^go^., the'^l^;^ 
out, find made the signal oiLdi^ . , 
tress—rspme haiids employea rto, ] 



informed is completely damaged, 
the ! i^ptain». officers^ and orewJ 
were all brought off in safety by 
the boats of the harbour, 

'y/Qh^\Q been favoured with the 
particulars of this unfortunate ac^ 
cid^t.;^'^!?? J fje .account {)£ the 
capt^u^ , ■„ , , . 

\^edi>esvtiy| 2^4 June, 1803.— . 



I 



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B0MBAY:C»C»IIIBHCB8 1£)S>MM1SAJIT^ .)604. 89^ 



cot away tbe sails from the yards, 
and to coliect the most vahiable of 

the ships stores to ^ eud ou sihore in \ 
tije event ot boats coming off. 

At JO, the flood setting in strong 
mth a fresh breeze frotn the sea^ 
the surf made clear passage oyer 
the ship, which obliged the people^ 
to take refuge in tbe tigging/ the 
ship's boats having broken a-drift 
some time before, while we were 
employed iu collecting the stbres 3 
as the ship still held together, we 
did not incline to leave her, beini^ | 
of bpinion that all her stores might 
besav-ed, but the pattamars not' 
b«t)g'able to fetch ns, the ship 
ha\ing parted at midi'hips at 12, 
ajQd afl her deck under water, with 
a veFy heary snrf breaking clear 
orerber, thought it imprudent to \ 
risk the peoples' lircii anyjonger, ' 
and having got a Bunder boat with'^ 
great di&culty made fast to the^ 
jibbooto, every person left the ship 
Iff (hat means, ai'ter having done 
eveiy thing tn their pov\^r to save 
her, and iatterly her stores, but 
wiAout effect. ^ . 

Ijfit^yki^Wtu^ others itrttked, 
Itis'Kvhh tikv^ inegretf we have ' 
t«ihjtfte*tiie lo^t, W'mc, of the ship 
G^^l pM, to|rfSin' : Meming, 
in'BilaitltMttg^n'h^dtii'. lih the 
2gA Ocidb^ l^t| ^e ships Ati- ' 
«rt|aift^'«jti^ Richinlsbn',' aHcf 
li'^, captain' 0tafe»ttf, t^^e are 
' ctmccnied to Ada^' wofe. 

J'b the 'stt-aight^ df fi'ala- 

b^/orii' thii tod Septertiyet; 

.lijr- jktet^'fhjitr Cahharibrci, ^ \^e ' 
Idirti -^e'' fb^fowhig jpariibularb re- 
spfttiHg^'the St.' Fior^enT^o's pfite ; 
shi'w^s'^^hatidnal vessel, b|id &W-'^ 
p5^h^* frotii the Maiiirlt^s, tb'con'-" 
\ t^ tw'd (Vench offib^rs to'tH^ 'Mah^' ^ 
jd:isl country, whom, according to 




their log, '' Aey landed in the 
dress they were ordered to wear, 
aVcmt a dc^gcet to tl^ sgiitKvc^nrd of 
Bombay 5*' two men were kiJled in 
the attack of her, and the captain 
and first lieutenant badl)r bounded, 
witb-fivei^rfjeuow: '^^; fl«y 
vfuref. hoardked the ^eijU»B«ftt sc>|n4^ ^ 
ded hi^w, but .it wa^^. fojr st^^ii^-' 
patche$,,i^ich.he br^ug^ti %p,v^n4 ^ 
threw o?exbQart> 4'ma^ne'«wi<^l».^ 
dash at thero,^ but ' ttey werei. 
weighted, and. went* down before i 
he- could catch diem Froqa th^ 
information .captain Binghani oh-, 
tained.from sogie of tjie people i.,e* > 
twolastarr., ^nd^ China-manr M'^<f> 
were pressed on-board, .he has^e-^e^'^^i 
reason tp Buppo$e. there isa/iigi&Mif'i 
on the coast 5 he experts ai^ociijDi^t; 
ev^i^ daf, ■ Tb^ Dijah^: 19 iKjije^^ 
but j^st getting un4er Wt^gJv ^tOr» 
over-haul a ship in the ofjing. ;'Hi^> 
captain of the piize> js U^iTeaf^- 
the sam^ who took the Tjitopv.hii^.i 
war, and was veiy near taking her 
again, for he saw ner coming dowi\, 
on'-hei'Way td the 6ther co3st 3 ' he ' 
had^een several othet' v*essels>..and^ 
had an exact drawiug of them all 
in his l(^-book.: but he w^is «ot ^o 
go put of his course till lie h^d.ox-/ 
ecutedthe object on which fcc wa,^, 
dispatched, and then he u^eaijt to^ 
have perused the coas^, to. see wliat^j^ 
he .could pick up. The Fiorenzo,.^ 
however, stopped his caieer befon^.^ 
he tad done any mischief". ,^ 

Occurrences for Jan.\\B04c' 

Quitfri^ SessihTH:''' "<^ '^»' 
On Siiturd^y lasi, the 'qu^i* fis- 
sions of Oyerahdf ermhieh "^d i 
goal deli\'fefy, 'conihienided''b^f«i* 
b\r Benjamin Sulivan^ knt. atrt9f:h{^'-^ 
ass6ciM(^s, ' Rob^t '^ Kitibfi, ^ 'awd 
irimon Halliday, csqrs. 

The 



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AfUTK? .ANNUAL RgfJUS?**, IBfi. a 



. <I3i&gia^ jt^Ti.being fWom.:w, 

ibohonara\>)c.thefeconter informed 

-iheooL of.the bilk which would be 

rJaid* before them» aod explaiDed the 

. /duties which they were expectad 

^ by the constituttoa to hil£l, and on 

the due. dischacgc of which so 

jwicii depended. 

The court was then adjourned tijl 
'Monday the 9ih 5 when, having 
met, it was proposed, by Mr. 
BowdesweJl, as counsel for two 
prisoners accused of a murder at 
Surat> that their trial should be^ put 
off till next sessions, in consequence 
of the dangerous illness under 
which one of them laboured, and 
which rendered k impossible for 
him to undergo the fatigue of. a 
long trial. Dr. Keir being called 
upon and confirming this statement, 
Mr. Tfareipland, as counsel for the 
.prosecutioo, consented that tlie trial 
ot tbeprlsoner who wassick>aud who 
was only charged as an accessary in 
Ihe indictment, should be post- 
poned; but strongly insisted, on 
, the part of the crown, that he was 
^intitJed to proceed with the trial of 
the other prisoner, for which he 
was the more solicitous as tlie wit- 
nesses had come from such a dis- 
..t^iKC, and it might be difficult or 
/ impossible to procure the atten- 
dance of all of diem at a future 
period. The court, after some 
discussion, having concurred in this, 
Robert Frazer, private in the 65tli 
regiment, was placed at the bar, 
charged with the murder of oiie 
Hirjannah, a boy of 10' ^ears of 
age, by stabbing him to the heart 
with a bayonet, while accompany- 
itig the funeral of a native, and 
eniplb]^ed in cirrj^ing sacred fire in 
yrbht 6f the procession. The deed 
Saijjpteared id have been committed 
o'^lthout the slightest provocation, 
"^b'ht n^ti^ 6£ those who were pre- 
sent when the wound was given. 



could identify the pecton of.^ 
prisoner;, diey all swore> ho.waijfy, 
that he wa$^ one of the two, J^ 
wliom th^ party at the funecal -si^as 
attacked ; that they were b«di 
8Qldi^s« a^ .armed with bayonets ; 
and that it was eitlier the prisoni^' 
or his ;Coni|ade who strpcki , the 
blow. To cQjn|)eu\sate, hg>Yft^, 
lor the iHToof falling short ii^r^s 
respect* it was clearly esi,a,l^U^^ 
that when Frazer was arr^iktfiii,^"^ 
les£ than an hour after the ja;^v^n|f r 
was committed » he had iiji^ rb^t 
and scabbard, but no bayonet j^^^ 
k was likewise proved that fi tW" 
onet was soop aUTtef found neaf^^ 
*pot, with a great de^, of ffi^ 
blood upon it, and beajdog tjjiei^aigK 
number and ^tter whicJI^ th/e ^^r^ 
jeant of t^ jprisooe^r's C9iupa<^x 
swore belonged to his bayoqo^, i^t^ 
corresponded ^lyith. the numb^ on 
bis musket, fo;^ ,wh«ch w ^^^(^^ 
had ever si^ce befn,ibun4 f 1^>^ 
added, that tl^ practice of.^fc^- 
taining b^o^ts b}r .iiun^r wd 
letter was cust^niary in tli^ijrDttX i 
and dial there were detaplwi^ts 
from ditlerent regiancpts in Surat 
at the time. The (act being .sgiar 
brought home.to the prisoner, j^r. 
Thriepland proceeded ^o call tl>pse 
who apprehended his comcadoFjpli 
of whom swoi^e, that he had-i a 
bayonet in his hand when thej 
came up with him, that there was 
no appearance of blood upon it, 
and that its point was extremely 
blunt. 

On bcitig produced, • this was 
made evident, and another sejjeant 
swore he knew it to bcHot^g to 
Stewart, who was sick in prison, 
from tlie Ifctter and number stitmped 
upon it. lyt. Pouget walk (^en 
called, who swore that tbe"wt»(fad 
appeared to have been giveh;^th 
a shiirp-poiirted Instrutneht,' tod 
' tliat it must have been the eau^ of 

death. 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR FfiBRUARY, 1804. ^i 



^ib. -Such was the import of 
ibe evidence in this case, which 
*l»ted till near five o*ck)ck, when 
the jury having redred to consider 
of their verdict, retnmed, in aboiit 
b^lf an hoar, and pronounced the 
prisoner not guilty. 

Oil Tuesday the lOth, tlie court 

larking met at the usual hour, 

f Peter Stewart, the soWier above 

^ deferred to as having been acoe$sary 

'io the murder of which FVaxer was 

acqcdtted, was brought ilito court, 

•oppoited^by two peons, and being 

""i^laced at the bar, and a jury sworn, 

'Mr.Threiplatidsaid, that in con- 

^lequence of the verdict which had 

^'been itettirtied in the other trial, 

-fee^npt fed it to be bis doty to 

' addiice any witnesseses against the 

prtsoner. He was of course dis- 

-chafged. 

The tri^ of Mulharry Baloo, 
thbemaker, for the murder of his 
wifi^, came on next, and disclosed 
a scene of such atrockms cruelty, 
' ftat Mr. Thnepknd concluded his 
address to the jury by saying, that 
hcwonid- not make them siek by 
felling any longer -en the facti of 
flic case, biit cOtltent himself with 
trusting that tfxeir verdict would be 
^ means g{ ridding ^e world of 
a monster, whose conduct had been 
more charaeteristic of" a ' wHd beast 



than of a hnoun being. IteTevi- 
dence fully juBtifying this ^ta^- 
ment, (for it appeared that ia a^t 
of rage and jealousy, he had nbt 
onlv cut his wife*s throat, but rippbd 
upner body so that the lungs wete 
separated) and the shocking facts 
being clearly substantiate, he was 
immediately convicted. 

The court then proceeded to the 
trial of GangaramAntaram,Naique, 
in the late fencible regiment, accU- 
sed of the murder of one i:^omj«e 
Dowra, by shooting him with a 
mu^et, on the 17th day of Octo- 
ber last. It appeared that jealousy 
had been the cause of this atrocious 
act, as it likewise was of the former 
murder 5 and the fact being cleady 
proved, the jury found the prboner 
guilty. 

On the lldi the court proceed- 
ed to the trial of the only rwnain- 
ing indictment, which was for per- 
jury 5 and the prisoner Heijevan 
Assarum being convicted of that 
offence, was sentenced to six 
months imprisonment, to pay a fine 
of 100 rupees, and to stand twioe 
in the pillory. 

Mulharry Baloo was then sen- 
tenced to be executed on Saturday 
the 14Ch inst. and to be hung in 
chains $ and Gunaram Antaram to 
be transported for fourteen years. 



Beijig Aj^ Otcurrmces for February, 1804. 



; ^JB^^cation ofPectce in India. 
1 .. , FiHt Williano, Kcb. 6' 

J, : Advices have been xeceived th's 

4&y l?y the governor geneml, from 

AeJionorable maior-geueT^iV/el- 
J^l?y, containing theimportii^t in- 

felligcnce, that the hpn. n>i\j()r-gen. 
. Wclle&icy had conclucled a De- 



finitive Treaty of Peace, on tbe 
part of the Hon. Company and its 
allies, with Dowlut Rao Scindpab. 
A royal salute, anil^bree \-oUies 
of mufketry, were iired ^t ail tlie 
.stations of the laiid forces serving 
in the East Indies, Ui cumra^np- 
rition of \^\is glorious eveut. . ^ 



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ASIATiC ANNUAL REQISTSBiu iWI-i/. : c 



Mr. Edward Galley, late ColUclw 
of Sural. 

We are concerned to state, tliat 
ou'lng to a prevalence of vuinds m 
and about Surat, which are litcte 
«xpectcd at this season of the yt^tj 
an urthealthiness has appeared there 
which, it is hoped, will be but of 
«hoft duratioii. With rej5;ret, how- 
evef, we annotinde the toss which 
that small, bat respectable commu- 
nity have sustained in the death of 
Edward Galley, esq. of tlit^' honor- 
able company's civil serWcc, and 
principHl collector of that city and 
Its dependencies. 

The favorable opinion <?ntertaiu- 
cd by government of tlie late Mr, 
Galley, as a company's servant, 
will appear by the following ex- 
tract ot iiiiitructions to him on his 
appointment as collector of Surat, 
on the occasion of die introduction 
of the new system then established 
for tiie management of the reve- 
nue in tliat j)art of the country in 
the month of July 1800. 

*' In consideration of the great 
" Attention that will be required 
" from you, in superioteiKJiing so 
" novel and detailed a revenue 
" as that which has already been 
'' ceded to the kcmorabk company 
'' by. the Nawaub, in addition to 
" your former chai^ of the pab- 
^' ivc income annexed to the ca»tle 
" and fleet, your personal salary 
" has been Axed at 200O rupef^ 
V.per moQth, witli UOfpr office 
^' mat; whiicb, akhough m^e 
V. ihan any: cqUector receiv^gi oa 

V tlte^. Bengal, establisbipeiit. for 
•'* rcaliziDg tlie revenue^ of, gijQatly 
^'.4»Qre <e5Uenwve,.4i5Uij;^t?^.y,y^ 
y ,the.' Ipicaj,iqrcunistfl0ii9^ ftlwre 
f : allp4ed:ti>; joi^ tQiyei^jl^^ 

V . wig in the^ervice i ^yAn llit 



" govtropf*sofm(m,' tftc. r^ 
" tabiiity of your orvn cten^^ 
^' will, he doubts noi, justify |Ms 
''deviation from, a geneial.iiiriej 
'* lUa more especially as the Jh^ 
" company i^eed not h\ -neitl^r 
" directly or, -indirectly, losers 
*' therciijT, siftee.tbe eniolunients 
** of you*: otfice m coUccftor -^iihc 
'* 'cas4{le:audvtanikba xevaau^ft^ .^ 
" whloU you lHi\e(veiry haaor^kb)^ 
'* Jaid b)efore4he€^venM>r.anv5aeT 
** count for thetwola^t yf^ars/nriWt 
*' by Wug from Che.. Ut oif'j|J»M» 
" nionili» biTMigbtj 0s>he tiq^i4ljir 
** recti, to the, public accot^DU 
" compiensate the aUowaocei-j^ 
** question." . . ./ .- '» 

Oni tl)e:3l9t of ApriK »ap3» Mc 
Galley wiiaii>n.^the deathf of* Mr. 
4Ret<NJii appelated to. act 4W..lieui^ 
nant g.^verDor of Surat ; m whidi 
he was, a^er some ly^GieemTy laodi- 
^atioQ of that depaitmem^ 4x^»- 
firmed on theadof Septtfubeclasi^ 
under the new -i3&cial designatioa 
of agent forg^venuaent, ia all 
which situations his cppdvNErt -iias 
merited and received tbe^n^peiHod 
approbation ofhiB^pffvofA.' : , ' '^ 

Extract fr%m. a 4aiar fiofn ^pspl^ 
Page^dqUdJan^§,\mH, * 
" lii^tbe good foctana to 4:^^ 
ture the Fwneh • pfivirtew: .brig, i Ofi 
Freres U*ufl, U il40,^olw>!. ptwiaea 
for taxte^n Btfie iind six^popi^eii!;, 
Uit with only iQi^t<oo't>cmrcU)Ai¥l 
having. 134 fncA oni boandU lifift^eB 
of whoii^^were .offieofs^aodlifoffty 
Spldjers, frfiifa Bourdcaux m>«[pt>% 
aod from Mauritiua the li.th«fiioY. 
going to cimi9e off ijbe Saod. Header 
and I|ad.«iOt musdcfi^pluz^/nij ni 

.",ram Wweed Kt .Kfidgeree> iUi 
his jnajtsty'f ship tod^r my com- 

inand. 



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BENGAL OCCUfiRENC£« FOtt FEBRUARY^ 18C4 c>8 



5;\v1di her" pi1«c, the French 
ihiff/QlBtoertfxie Ci(eD, ol2a guns 
and 'IM meD, which I captured 
bilt^ip^efi' the Codes ilnd Aiidamnn 
kiies, on the 4th inst. and before 
jfae-hsMl mafdaa bapture/- 

?jf ; :•: tugf^ari " E>igagein€nt, 
'^mbe- P^EisepaTtont, 2t French 
thasseftnare^^ iai tb^ 'vessel that has 
bwiitiflten t^ the boits of bis ma- 
jc«/9 ship^. Fiorenzo, off M^ouiit 
1)%; on ^ 14th uJtl alter a 
smart and gsHant t^nstance; in 
u^ich th« fir^ and second captains 
were 'dangerdosly "Grounded, the 
Ikst- s^tj^sed «o be muottally ; 
there were no casnak^fe9 on our 
^ either inkided^dr ^onl^dedi 

^Hife PtfteeparWut motttir«d two 
btti^gii»s,^«^x pciicMMltts; aifid 6^x 
^faii <^wreH>' ' \aith t>wttttf-five 
rti^froDhoam*} Wedo i^iiifr^ler- 
ildnd^iiftl'^^ had nlAd^'atVy capi- 
fttfes'd\!H^!tite?rcrutei'. '1 



Sdtt* days -wftcc^ jtist ' after • the 
^jwn bf^iidgral guh^w JVia^Ihbar 
point h9i4*ev*fberattd? flioin rtte 
surrounding rodrr,7a large animal, 
t^#Mke^1>y Three ftntrit tb^s; mak- 
ing i!H*rfUcbjy^^][,kirtg«?d5fi^<« the 

^nf^^'m^miamyr^ i^i^ttt * the 

'fiDl^^%k^iKdit»'JflC^id^\:Ab\t di^ 

wt^Tef<ib(!fh-''i?^af«)co' ^ifjfclted 
4h»itMin^i^co^i4)oioeip^6us \x^ 
llw^^liwfl, »fltttlM!inwfth»ti> 4vavfet)h^ 
irftthefflyiJ^>fcTflie8r rittttdingi again, 

^btpW\timi\y'ii\^^tn •• ^tfefe 'did; iO«t 
instam^:/d|»p^^i(mcti llftfvUff Vii^ 
of the young o nes in sight; these 
ik9iSB4(E(te)9ri{i^atki^tii\fito!d?r^ 
tion of Cokfcb , fttS jttWrWoing about 
ihr^id^fafedr ^hiilKhi«l>i ;affl,'re- 
-^imt^d'tt ihbridiat0i# 4}Kt^tb«^^ti^ 
iR$r of the tide covered tlieir re^ 



tr^at among the rock's^ and they 
were not seen after the secoiMl 
landing : the dam appeared as large 
88 a mii9tiff bitchj with a skiii blacky 
k>ng> and glossy^ an4 swam with 
great strength and quickmsav. 
After scxme search, a young ©»• 
was found just dead froia the ^hot 
it had received -, \i was . of a . daiik 
mouse colour, about two i'eei 19 
fefiglh. The skin is preserved by 
agentlemi^ in Bombay, and theiie 
M.a$ little hesitation in deelaring \i 
a Sea Otter. Theseanimals> it wan 
supposed, were iuhabitaiits of th^ 
N, W. coast of America only, but 
referring to the EncycJopcdiacal 
Zoology, they are said to inhabit 
East Asia) but many natives who 
live near the pointy nor any of the 
persons resident there, Jiad ever 
seen tliese animals before, nor have 
they since been heard of. 

The subjoined account limits the 
young to one, which at first may 
fceem to question the class here as- 
s:igned (he anuiial shot at Malabar 
I>oiilt, but die description and cha- 
racter so correctly agree with the 
zoological classing, that this inci- 
dent nnay prove corrective of the 
errors of perhaps untravelled 'wri- 
ters, both as to tlie mim'ber of 
youh^-and places of habitation as- 
fiigfted to these animals. 
' '*Tlie hUris,or sea otter, hatting 
hafr^fbet aiid a hairy tall. ' The 
length from nose to tail m about 
three fe^t long, and tH<». tait h 
about thitteeil' inche^sj th.e hixiy 
and limbs are blacky -e^ept liie 
fbre part of'the headi which Is 
•white or ^rey 5 the lflr*est indi- 
vidual Ai^ghs- froit\ sei-ent)^ to 
'^4ghty pounds J the fitf isr, Hfery 
thick, long', blac^> artd^ossy, i50fn^- 
ItitteiB n^arying to BUv^ry;' with a 
soflrdown beh^flth. : Thfeseabiter 
lAhafeffts the coairt 't)f ' hot tlvt*'cst 
America, and eastern Asia, and the 

ii.ftr- 



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9* 



JiSlATWi ANNUAL RB0I81£R, 1804. 



7 \) 



I • 
i 



iDtevmfidiflte ish»j«. It IS^es 
notify k^ the sea, and swims with 
grant &eUity> ffeqnenting sluAlovft 
wbidi tfboiiDd in sea 'weeds, ami 
fading on lobsters, fish sepioe or 
citftie 1kh »id shell fifth. It is tf 
hnrmless (mimaJ 5 very alliscHonate 
to its jouog, in so much that it 
wiil fiine to death at the loss of 
them> and die on the very spot 
where they have been taken from 
it. Before the young can swim^ 
the dams carry them in their pows^ 
ia^ring in water on their backs : 
tliey ^vim often on their back^ 
their sklesj and even in a perpen- 
dicular posture ; are very sportive, 
and embrace and kiss eAch other : 
they breed but once a year, and 
have but one young at a time, 
suckle it for a year, and bring it on 
shore. They are dull sighted, but 
quick scented, and run very swiftly 
on land. They are hunted for their 
skins, which art of great value, 
being sold to the Chinese for 70 or 
80 rubles a piece ; each skin weighs 
three pounds and a half. I'he 
young are reckoned very delicate 
meat, scarcely to be distinguished 
firom a sucking lamb. The cry of 
this creature is nearly similar to a 
ydung dog; and it is sometimes 
interrupted by another cry similar 
to that of the saki or fox -tailed 
monkey. It may be nourished 
with the flour of manioc, diluted in 
water.*' 

MADRAS 
Occurrences for Feb. 1804. 

Admiral Linois" Squadron. 

On't^e 6th instant a small cutter 
arrived M Fort St, George from 
Bencoolen, winch she left tlie be*- 
ginniQg of January j and bronglit 
tl^e di-stressing account of tUe arri« 
vai of tlje f rench squadron under 



the coomumdof admiral ^lAOtHHf 
consisting of one 80 giai Sbip^ 
two frigates, and a iloopof vm} 
a^Benooolen the Ist cf DeoMiher^ 
they hod captured the Eliza Ann>*of 
Madras, and the Cooaiess of SNi* 
theHand, belonging to Cakmita^ 
and the ships Marlborough, Floi^i 
and Ewer, had been bonit>ta ptf^'^ 
vent dieir filing into thd en^tnf^'s 
hands : they had tmdfi a tendi^' 
and afler desttoying the CotnpBttfr 
pepper godowns iq^tied ^e- ^in^' 
on d>e 5th of Dee. and prooeeiled^* 
it was supposed, for Batat4*^j'^' 
they were «eeii in the s^nAu ^ 
Sunda, on tl^ I5th of Deceit^r) > 
it was reported thdt' they^wdt id 
join the Dutdi fl^et at Bifta^,^-. 
with a view of cmising for our 
homeward bound China fleet : it 
was believed, at Madras^ that .t^ 
three seventy-^fours, in these ioad^-« 
were proceeding to the east¥KiM m 
quest of the epemy. '- >^t!: j-, 
Admiral Linois was seeft ii:|>>tl^.i 
straits of Sunda, Deceo^ixMrMl^thi'i 
He more than probably, was bound- j 
to Batavia. If hfe did not^remdion 
many days 4here, he mgbt w0rk: 
up through the jstraitg ctf BaACdh 
though not in a iveiy short 3poc!Bj). i 
nevertheless |hi& might b^/ done :^> 
but we think, in swA -dfe^/hia 
would find k di&cult . ito vVfi^iAst'^ 
Pedio Blancoi by the Id^mJimir 
although we are not>}|MBHȣPd[> 
thifth^; iiUow^ngottCftiipd 4iiit 
notlea^e Mac^ao before 'the hi sH-crffi 
Jinuuary they would, vrc,,tmgi,;jfgftn 
into the straits of Sincapotx-^elf^afi 
he could be thiawr j - should tliey 
however remain xpu^tUonger, the 
risk of course increases ^ ?\, \*<P Vr fe'jj) 
dn}'s must settle tliis point, as some 
of our ships are bound to Madras. 
Wliat Liiioi^'^tiject may'be in ta* 
kdngth&s ro)Ueicttti.ondyM 6>a^- 
turej^ bdt wb^wonkl ^n'^op6>^hiI 
hasekp^cted^uff £urtipe4ii^iW<Mia^ 

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BOMBAY OCffiURRKKGES W>R F£BRUAKY> 1804. 95^ 



ifiWQ<^ tbe «QF«it9of Stmda ; and 
'4:k^ ^ coDceived this kka we 
tn»i^i^ will fullpw it up by cruising 
^&^ ^MHii the nik}<ii^ «r «od of 

> At ibe saioe tiroe, 9fi he is atk 
CQ^rpribiing naaa, and bis frtgated* 
(^ mloit^, their must remaia 
SO^id for apprelt^$io4s, « 

2ll]i¥Quld be fijesuflciption «o ha- 
zfi$4 ^ ^oyeet«r€i oga tlie track tanr 
sfyfipty-fiiurs may pqrsme. :But 
y^xmy be warranted in Supposing 
thMUaits of Malacca to be their 
%t station j they being to wind- 
1^4 and the most probable cour^ 
of:9t»r traiie honie> the protectioa' 
or which mutt be deenoed the 
gTaodii^ieci at'p?eseot. 

^ There are a few inst^ces of 
dogfrrannmg tnad oil tliis island 3 
w6 have,^ however, accounts of 
one affected by this mainly at Tan- 
na; ^tbMlKtt in th* course bf Uie 
pnN^drog fowfaight> bit a number 
of peiiMmst add produced the most 
ttfetafleholy consequences. On the 
litk' itij^taa^, ' there were seven 
d^dreti ift tb^ hoispifa!, at Tanna, 
labeMrUig ut^dei* ^ this misfortune ; 
ppe^ wboM, who had been bit 
riMke the eyeAyrtfw^ died on the 
enriteg of the- f«nd\v?fig day, and 
oade^flixieenth daf iaf^ the bite, 
€i hfitisflt^biA ^ a short tihie be- 
ftw h^ ttiplred' be evinced th^ nt- 
liWKirrtd of water, and matle a 
flCBiettwlJar to the snartJi^g bf an 



-idftcSaturdaj. aftenuTon .kst^ la 
Ijindtt- .layloR 'Crossed the ferry 
atTann^y about rtvto^ o'clock, iic- 



compani^ by three ;bigarees, who 
were employed in cariying 2000 
rupeea to Pan well, to. purchase 
<^oth for the 1 anna market; they 
had onjy proceeded a few miles 
when nine men rushed from be?- 
hind some bushes find immediatdjr. 
attacked and robbed them j wound- 
ed one of the bjgarees across the 
left slKHililer and fingers^ and 
murdered tho taylor in a most in- 
human manner ; the former re- 
turned tlie same evening with the 
other bigarees, w1k>, fearing tbey 
might share the same fate, had 
thrown down what money they 
had, and made their escape; the 
murderers have not yet beec beard, 
off. 

Deiilerate Suicide. 

On Tuesday momhig, between 
SIX and seven o'clock, a most shock- 
ing circumstance happened at Tan- 
na garrison. A sepoy belonging to 
the Bengal volunteers put a period 
to his existence, while posted as 
the ceniinel at the northern gate of 
the Durbar, in a most deierniined 
and effectual manner, by shooting 
Tihnself through the body with a • 
loaded musket. A little more tlian a 
quarter of an hour could hsve 
elapsed after relieving the former 
centinel, when he retired into an ad- 
joining apartment, with his mus- 
ket i unfixed his bayonet, laid him- 
self down upon his back in a hori- 
zontal posture, supported behind 
by a deal board, his left leg drawn 
under the opposite knee, tjjc rifiUt 
extended, with the tees in 'd line 
with the trigger ; hcthen must have 
applied the muzzle of the piece 
clo^ to hl« body belowfhepilbf 
tbe stomach; the itm^des v-i-t^ 
dreadfully torn and kccrate'd; mnt 
pait of the intestines ptothided 
from the'woiind ; the bairtr>ok M\: 
oblique dinktion a])Uards,&:' parsed 
tijiuuiih 



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ASIATIC ANNNUAL REGMTKH. IflO** 



.throagh the ^nne betwixt the 
shoulders. He was d[ a very high 
cast, and bore a most excellent 
character as a soldier: pecuniary 
embarrassment is said to have been 
the motive which led to this de»- 
perate act 

Extract of a Letter from an officer 
on board his Majesty's skip Ca- 
roUnc, dated Kedgeree, Feb, \A, 
1804. 

" As you ttay wish to Yncm the 

farticulars of our little captures, 
beg leave to inform you that hir- 
ing convoyed the India shipa into 
41*^ atf north, and to»30' east, 
we parted with them all well A. M. 
4th of Jan. and stood to the east^ 
ward. Next morning we taw, 
chased, and in less than £>ur hours 
captured, Les Fiwes Unis, Trench 
privateer brig, of \6 ports, eight, 
nine, and stx-pounders, and 134 
men on board; ft-om Bourdeaux, 
last July, and Mauritius in Novem- 
ber on a cruise, and fcK the Sand- 
heads, but had taken nothing ; she 
had made every attempt to get 
away, and give us her eignt 
guns (as we were haOing them) 
which cut onr boats, &c. but hurt 
only our geese, three of which 
they killed, and wounded two j her 
musqueiry wounded one man badly, 
but the rest laid too flat down to be 
hurt. Though they meant to board 
us, and were well prepared to do 
so, tl)e dawning day and our ma- 
marlnes deterred them. She had 
fifteen officers and forty soldiers in 
her crew, and suffered much in her 
masts and rigging, or we might not 
ha\'e caught her. 

" We got into Penang with her 
on the 20th of Januar)', whexe she 
was sold as she stood, for a cruiser 
to the honorable Company, for 
Spani«b dollars 5,500, an the 21st. 



Our prisonen bei^g t^pajfy &el^ 
buted between the garrison aod.Ui 
majesty^s ship Concord, Victor, ab^ 
Caroline, we sailed on the '^^ ^ 
look for more of these gentry.^ 
some oi which are said, by our pri- 
•oncm, to have sailed with Les tW 
res Unis. The Victor left the Belto, 
fill wen, on the 9th of Januaryf 
and got to Pknang on the 22d.'* 

^ . * ' 

The Order of Christ. 

Saturday, Feb. 11, 180<. Hil 
royal highiiesa the ptlnce regent of 
FortugafhaTing, by a special letter, 
addressed by his mghness*s secre- 
tary of state to his excellency the 
governor, and captain g/eneral of 
Uoa, been pleased to confer qo 
Miguel 4e Lima e Souza, esq* of 
Bombay, the honor and distinction 
of the Order of Christ } ^d his 
excellency the governor and csfr 
tain-general having thereon rer 
quested and cpmmissioned tbe ho- 
norable Jonathan Duncan, goveroor 
of Bembay, to invest biitu wlt^ tW 
aame, the cerentony acconUng^ 
took place at the govemment^honse 
^n Town, on Monday tbe 6tfa inat 
ir prevence of his excellency vkie- 
ftdmiral ¥bter ftainler, of Sir flcpr 
Jamin Sulivan, knight, recdrd^^ aJF 
the mentberv of ttie govern majj. 
Off the comman(fing offioer of Ibe 
forces, and tuperintendaot p€ Khc 
marine, and qf the principal ^gemr 
tlemen of the settlements — the oi- 
cretary to sovemment, in ibe ficst 
instance^ aSdrftssing Mr. de Souim, 
ill tlie following temas ; 
Deeiaralum by the Secretary if ^ke 
Government rf Bombay * 

^' His royal lu^^ness the pm t 
august prince regent of I'ortj^p^ 
having been pleased to rewards yfRgor 
services, by conferring upoiv Jpbu 
the honor and distinction o£ tbe 
knightlKXKi of the order, of ChiJai, 
as cqi;nmunicated aud. jcertified to 

this 



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BOMBAY OCCURRENCES FOR FEBRUARY, 1804. 97 



this gcK-^mment by his excdllency 
*Serthor Francisco Antoaio da Veiga 
Ctbml da Cantafa Pimeiitcl, Greait 
Cross of the order of St. Bento de 
*A\U^ ^c. &c. of the couui-'il of his 
n)yal highnes* the pr luce i:egt:ut of 
Portugal, llcutenaut -general of the 
army of Portugal, govtfnio^;^. and 

",.-^' ...J'":*] -f U,k' ?■ '.:\:^\\.. -.- 
^eulemenu in the East Indies : auJ 
his excellency having furtlier bet u 
j ■ 1 request and comnjUsicis 

able Jonathan DuiicaUj 

-:ior of Bombay, to invest you 

tli.^ fame, it U with much 

1 that I have accordingly 
.1-.^ .^.. .r, in the name auti In be- 
half of the g^overnor iti c;outu:Ii of 
r ' ( ; . r , --. . .M I e iu:y , to com pJ y vv i th Lis 
?*» ai)plication ; u^Tcnng 
t ' tlie sami? tjiie/ifie ^;t>ii- 

": ■ ii of dii^ ^overuuieu.t ou 

ill-: p [ L- e at ' 1 ipnd raole.. .^ tx^'^iji .^nti 
te^rimooy of the, pnixie.uf P^rt'J- 
if " :^ ,nanc<i atid^ Jii^ii ieuie of 

•res. In * V ariOa^' jnalaiit v.s 

If ti ca r ijLjiport an GL' , \vh e i c - 
i ■ r c -.t s of o u r u n j\ ed kh 1^^ - 

«' of Portuijal,^ h4>c Ijecn 

^The tc U of i^v<^':ifituiv 

^^vTh:; b- n\ pc'iibrmod by 

I ' ■ : ili%i governor, Mr. 
'i Liiriiied^^hbi acknoAv- 

l 5 iu the tcfmJiQf the an- 

i ^ . iresi. ./. "\ " 
To r/ic HunoratU Jofuithan Dun- 
^ can, Esq. Pn$i'di/ii au4 Gwi:. - 
hyr VI Cuuncjl, ^ 

*" ' Boiulwy. 
HoocraWe Sir, 
^'XSJfcfeifeh this IS a distinction I did 
not Idbkfor; yet I m'ist ever cgpsi- 
**r*it as erf highly llonuf able and 
Altferln^ mafk of approbation of 
njr humble endcavoars, which, 1 
lig^crthe most heartfelt pleasure ip 
lMd» .app considerod to have cou- 
Cri^^AAtec! so ess^tialiy toward ad- 
no£^ the ntuttidl iiltere.^t)> aiTcl 

-Vol. ^. t 



good undecstauding between the 
,two cov^rti. Permit me, Sir^ to 
return you my sincere acknow- 
ledgments for the honor you have 
done me^ in conferring this distin- 
guished favor, which you will con- 
siderably enhance by communica- 
ting my grateful thanks to his ex- 
oeUN^nc^ tlie f ovemor, atkl QspCAlii 
geaend of tbs Pdrtugaese settle- 
meutsin the East iuhes, for the 
^vorable report and notice which 
bk Qxcellency has been plea^d, on 
this occasion^ to manifest of my 
%eal to promote tlie concurrent ^r« 
vice of the two kingdoms. 
. 1 h^ve die honor to be, 
honorable Six, 
[ Xp^f very .obedient and most 
., ' . . Humbje Serva^it^ 

, , (Sigtied) :. 



A Brief lijstonj 0/ the Order qj 
Christ, .cQiifi.rred on.Mi^ud J. 

, .The order of Chrisf,. commonly 
called of £'luisUi3, in Portugal, wo^ 
institute J by.Deniiis, the :>ix.teenth 
King of, Portugal, in the yeiU' 131/ 3 . 
ju order to excite the nobility of 
thai kiiigdoui to oppose the attempt^ 
of the sMoors j which, institution 
was confirmed by Pope John, the 
14th of Marcli, 1319. Tais order 
had been under the' c^ntroul of 
Xwelve grand masters, when pope 
Adrian 0th, in the year 1522, con- 
ferred tlie administration of it on 
John 3d. ' In i55[, P>-»pe Jkdus 3d 
vested in the crown, a perpetual 
right to the grand maj^tershipi from 
wiiich timethekn^sof Ppr ug ilhav^ 
taken the title o.'' peri>etuar admi- 
pistijUorii of the Older, wh'^h con- 
giated of ^17 comnaandei ies, ^Af- 
ter the separation of thirty-seven, 
which tliey possessed lix Atfic*, 
the Convent of Thomas becaau^ 
tJie chief of the order. Eefuie the 
G grand 



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* ASIATIC ANNUAL BEGISTER, 1804. 



grand tnaitership was united to the 
crown» it was by election of the 
kiiights who are now under the 
. same regulntions, and enjoy the 
same privileges as those of the 
order of Calatrava, in Spain. Ac- 
cording to &c statnies, the candi- 
date sbouM prove his nobioness 
of blood for four genera tioiH ; but 
this .is generally <fcpensed wiih by 
the sovereign. 

The bailge of the order is « 
cross patteguks, charged with a 
gross argent, pendant to a collar of 
gold, composed of three rows of 
chains.— On common days the 
knights also wear round their necks 
a scarlet ribbon witli the badge of 
tlie order j^endant. 

Curious Discovery on the Ani'niuity 
of Fuicination in India, 
Tlie fact stated in the fbliowing 
translation of a written memoran- 
dum from the Nawaub ^trza Me- 
hady Ali Khan, who wa» long re- 
sident at Benares, that the'ei)*ects of 
Vaccination has been long known 
in that celebrated quarter of lu- 
dia^ is refeired to the investigation 
oi those who have the opportunity 
and ability, alnce they cannot want 
the incHnatioo.to prosecute so inter- 
esting an enquiry. The undoubted 
iotimadon of this iact^.that Vac- 
cination has been practised amoi^ 
the worshippers of Bhotwanny will 
not detract an iota from the merits 
of the Jeoneriao discovery ; tbe 
fortuitoos. and happy cicctunMnce 
that led to the discovery in £tt- 
rop5, has been unquestionably and 
most fatiifiictoriiy proyedi whilst 
the aoxiet^^ study ^ptr-sereraoce and 
Tnde£iKtigBbie exenioc^' which. han^ 
been applied by its benesvoient pro- 
fessor to ensure the conviction of 
the world, in the unbounded bene- 
fits of the discovery, have entitled 
' him to the lasting gratitude of 



mankind. The full 
of the fact will only go to afford jbi 
additional instance of pnomttl 
QrieDtal knowledge, whethet -ac- 
quired or accidental is to be hecs- 
after pncned ; it Will onty opemn 
additional neglected mine for.tbe 
t:urious ;iod the learned ^ and wSl 
be another . proof only tb^; tfaje 
East haa beoa the scat of wiatMi, 
" where iearaiag Bourished^Lsajd 
*' tJie nrts wece prized;" howeffer 
much the neglect with wiiichthis 
knowkd^ has been treatetd ia.tliis 
country, may reflect upon the "sob- 
dcrn degeneracy, or tJUe prejudi^ 
of the Indian charooljer; which 
may» however, be all aocouiited for 
from the eflects of the variourw- 
vohiticns to which their couotiy 
has, foe sosjiianyages, beeoapf^> 
leaving whence room to (the libeial 
constcQciioa of the usuNdssed.of 
every ©ation to ^wicljade,: that- he- 
fore the mtroducttpn of.a fefctgn 
sway «Hp J^indusfein and the Deic- 
can> ito Hindu InbdbitaDta were 
versed ia tiic arts ^nd sciences^ ;£ur 
beyond the other ports . of rthe 
world ait -the same xemote pe^ifid 
of thtoe^ . , J .. ..I 

Trsmletion ^ a -Airiitm Mm^ 
nandi^vifrxnnthtNaw^ixtbMiTWL 

, DuffiiQ|S theperioi. c^ n^tfho^ 
in thedistrictLof Benaar^>aagreldfist 
.soi>.l)^ng taken ilL«if:a badiundsqf 
the small pox, uid.m!y.j6i0Ddsdxt- 
tef(^tang;!tihesose(ttts- for n^^m- 
lort.dnS'^hit.rQjSw^ oiH^iOf ^em, 
named iSl0pktt» Chundi^ a-^ Hni^, 
|)«i»te^ out toi roe th^trtSefc^arbs 
in- the ciQr^dfi BtnaceS/ oate AAt^ 
Choby,. Bvabitun jgromlcQadg, 
,who8B' pr^ti3Cie ^was ..€tiie%)deaii- 
fined to this malady. Him, 
therefore, I lost no time in sending 
for to the town of (xhazeepoor, 
where I dwelt -, and he arrived on 

tiie 



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BOMBAY OCCUREENCES FOR FEBEUARYi 1804. ^ 



dieimfth day of the eruption; on 
leeixigwhich^ he observed that if 
the en^tioo had not taken piaqe he 
wooM have endeavoured to Mili- 
tate and render it easy 5 but that 
now it was too late. On asking 
Choby what his proccess W2S, he 
said, '' From the matter of the 
fiDstolecNi the cow> I kee{>a thread 
dreocbec^ which enables me, at 
fieafliire> to cause an easy eruption 
-ottaiiy child ; adorii^» at the same 
time, Bbowanny, (who is other- 
vise called Debee^ Mata» and 
teda, acd wix> has the direction 
of tfa^ maJ&cfy) as well in my 
own person as l^ caumng the ikther 
of the duM to perform the like 
oeiwnonies ; a^er whidi, I run the 
drenched string into a needle^ and^ 
drM^ it tlmmgh between the 
skio and fl«^ of Sie child's upper 
arm, le^e it therey performing 
the same openition^m both arms^ 
vfaicfa^ always ensutvs an easy erup- 
tiiod; on the ^r9i appeairance of 
which t^ Child's lather or guardian 
^EeQew8 his worship to Bhowanny^ 
«id » the animal this goddess ri^s 
a^ is on asB, it is customary fbr 
soch parent or guardian tofill his 
lap with grain; which an ass is 
snr^eatup^^which observances 
enstfre ^ propitious direction of 
Bhowanny, so that only a very 
impnstales ddako ^eir an^earance ; 
V nor does any one' die fmder this 
jpsocetsl'^ aims for did I learn 
ftooiAlep Choby. .- 
' Upon referring on this subject 
to. a toative', Ureft: verted in the 
Iteobbg and cos^oms t^the Hin- 
'dwphe t<^ me thatihe praotioe 
ttts *$cTibed hf Choby was* not 
g6nM among them $ bnt confined 
tothoge who VHite attached ro the 



woiflhip of Baowanny^ sod idongl 
her with implicit ^th }- and npon 
my asking the person, whether ho 
was aware how the matter of the 
pustule got from the cow^ .and 
whether ail cowshad such pustddes, 
oac only those of a certain descrip- 
tion } he answered, that on these 
points he possessed no information ; 
but bad certainly understood that 
the cows had these pustules break 
out on them, and that from the 
matter thereof children were in- 
fected ; acknowledging, however, 
that he spoke not this much from 
ocular knowledge, but j&om report. 

Loss of the ship Fanny > 

The apprehensions which have 
long been entertained for the safety 
of the ship Fanny, captain Ro- 
bertson, are fully realized J a letter 
having been received from that 
gentleman, dated Malacca, 13th 
February, in which is communi- 
cated the total loss of the ship in 
question, together with her cargo, 
on the 26th November last, havmg 
struck on a reef, in ladtude9^44 
north, and longitude 1 14 £; on her 
passage to China. Her foremast, 
rudder, 8taTlx)ard mam^chain, main 
top-mast, &c. were lost in a ty- 
phoon, on the 23d September, and 
the fbliowing day the ship was 
drove on the coast of Hainan, and 
from thence round the Pttraikls.-*- 
-We have not yet been made ac- 
quainted with any further particu- 
lacB, nor have wo any i!nfi>nnati6n 
respecting the safety of ^ on^, 
bat as captain BobertUm does oot 
'mention any thiog? to thexrootraiy, 
we would fimi hope that nokie of 
them are lost. ' 



t 02 



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ASIATIC AKNUAL REGISTER, ld04- 



Bengal Occurrences for March, 1804. 



SKip Page. 

The late French privateer, Gen. 
De Caen, prize to liis majesty^s 
ship Caroline, has been purchased 
by captain Mackintosh^ formerly 
commander of the Sarah, of this 
port, and has been named the 
" Page,** in compliment, no doubt, 
to the gallant officer who ca^ired 
her. On this occasion, alfjo, it is 
with much pleasure we mention, 
that captain Mackintosh has com- 
pletely recovered from tJie cifects 
of the accidefit he met witli here> 
while displaying a laudable degree 
of activity and exertion at the me- 
morable conflagration of the .17th 
of February, 1803. 

A very honorable testimonial has 
been paid by the several Insurance 
Offices of Calcutta, to th^ services 
rendered by captain Page, of his 
majesty's ship Caroline, his offi- 
cers and men, in tlieir late check 
upon die depredations of the ene- 
my, an acknowledgemenlu which 
duiplays tlie just sense that tlie mer- 
cantile interests entertain of such 
meritorious exertions. 

Unknoirn JFrech, 
Yesterday arrived in ilie river, 
the grab ship, Kushro, captain Jolui 
Kitson, from Bofnl^y, on the /th 
December, last from Gaujaiw, on 
the 7 th Februar)'. 

Captain Kitson, on his pa&sage, 
!faw the wreck of a vessel 10 miles 
S. S. W. of Ja^gemaut Pagoda. — 
She had been burnt from the main 
hatch -w.iy aft to the water's edge, 
was loaded with teak timber, and 
appeared to have been Ikjating 
about some time; was a two-masted 



vessel, with a billet head, bviilt en- 
drely of teak^ and about 200 
tons bvirden. , 

Fire, 

On Monday, a fire broke out at 

'the western side of the town 

of Tanoa, which consumed ten 

houses before it was cxtinguislied. 

Calcutta AJilUia, _ , 
General Orders^, by his eaocellency 

the most nobU the goimrmr mM 

captain general. 

Fori William, March sft. 

The polours now presented to the 
Calcutta militia^ will remind the 
corps of the purposes for which it 
was embodied. Our established 
power in India precludes all appre- 
hension of the success of any ene- 
my, but every well-disposed sub- 
ject will be prepared to defend the 
government 6^oai wjiuch be de- 
rives protection ; and in tli« pro- 
gress of the hortllitLcs ^ ilh an ac- 
tive and enterpriziug enemy > oc- 
casions must be expected to aciae, 
which may demand the persoqjd 
exertion of every British, inlufai^ 
tantof India*' A stale, of acttve 
^preparation for defence mvy drtsr 
the attack, and ntaat frustcatc^ the 
success of the, enemy. The re- 
spectable a;^ntlea»eo who h^ve >eii- 
rolled their. names in the Calcutta 
militia, naUtt be senstUe «f the^se- 
curiby which this setcleflaent woUld 
deriv<j in any tJUiergeiKy frcmi the 
diligent attention >of e^ ery Britisli 
subject to acquire the rertdy.useof 
* arms, 'and from the discipline and 
efficiei^cy of such a body of our 
countrymen, armed and anayed in 
defence 



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BENGAL OCX)URRENCBS FOR MAKGH, 1804. 



10> 



defence of their property, and of 
tbe rights, interests, and honor of 
the British nation in Aabi* The 
governor-general is satisfied that 
this settlement will disphiy a una- 
Dimous 2eal in performing the 
milttaty service requisite for the 
^curity of our civil rights ; and 
that in any crisis of difficulty or 
danger, the Britisli colours, now 
presented to this corps, will be de- 
fended with the same spirit which, 
from the foundation of this settle- 
ment to the present time, has 
^wned our arms with victory in 
every region of India, and has es- 
tablished the glory and power of 
oar coontiy, in defiance of every 
enemy to the British name. 

By command oi his excellency, 
J. Aemstrono, 

Act, Mil. Secretary, 

Defeat of the French Sf/uadron, 
For! Willimn, MarclH «l. 

- Official tutelKgenoe has this day 
been t^ceived by the govemor- 
genecal, of the repulse and defeat 
ofthe French tquadnin under the 
CDmxniaod a( rear^admind Linois, 
^ooDsiiting cfi the Marengo, of 80 
gons^ the Belle Foule aad Semll- 
fant& heavy frigates, a corvette of 
SOguusyanda Ducchbiig^ of 18 
guns) on the )5th of Febniary, by 
the honorable comp^y's home- 
waid bound Chiha fleet, under the 

^etsamuod of captato Dance: the 
dispatches* contain interesting par- 
ticulaiiB of thia event, which reject 
thehifffaest hoooar on the gallantry 

.. and ilili of the honorable com- 
moy% officers, particularly of capt. 
bancef and on the'bravery o( our 

-ieameii, and ai^bids a gVoriooa in- 
atande of Che established silpetiority 

t o^tiieBrtli^ tiaval power. * 

1' Bmbcerm) at the Hkrer Hoogly, 
: - A prockmation has/weobjierve, 
,...-- ' t 



been issued by his cxeelleiicy tlie 
most noble the governor general hi 
council, prohibiting, until further 
orders, the depfflture of all ships 
and vessels, of every description, 
firom the river Hoogly, or from the 
anchorage at the island of Saugur. 

The Skip TmiuT. 

On the 1st ult. in latitude ig 44 
N. Point Paimiraa, N. N. E. 22 
leagues, theTazbux, under Al-ab 
colours, was fired at, at nine P. M. 
and taken possession of by the 
French privat;per La Fortune, eom- 
manded by Citizen Le Meme.*-^ 
Captam Mercer, his officers, crew 
and passenger, were sent on board 
the privateer 5 but, after an exa- 
mination of the papers ofthe Taz- 
bux and her officers, she was iK •• 
livered back to captain Mercer, 
on the 2d inst. at one F. M» 

Captain Mercer was intbrmed by 
the oqitain of the privateer, that 
thliee days before he had been 
chased by an £nglish frigate; it 
falling a calm, the frigate c«uld not 
come up with him, but got out her 
boats, on which the privateer fired, 
sunk two of them and sheared olf. 

Captain Mercer was likewise . 
informed, on board the privateer, 
khat she had taken three ves^tJls, 
called the Sarah, Eliza, and Active. 

A letter from Poona mentions 
a very brilliant achievement, in the 
capture, by the hon. company s 
ship Windham, c:^ptain Graham, 
of two French privateers> in Ma- 
sulipatum roads. All we at present 
know of tliiH gallaiit afiair i», that 
the enertty liad l-ecourse to their 
favourite expedient o( boarding; 
his attack was obaiinttcly opjjosed, 
as may ftc imaging, wheti ite add 
fhat the first officer of the Wymi- 
liaAj^ WJ4 trilled, the s^^cOnd ottiuer 
fkioverbterd in the coiifti^ikin or 
o 3 tiio 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



ihe conflict, and was, rnihappUy, 
drowned ; the officer commanding 
a detachment on board was also 
killedj whiUt the brave commander 
had one of his arms shattered, but 
is md not to have quit the de^k : 
it fail, therefore, principally to the 
lot of the third officer to fight the 
ship. At the close of the business 
a man of war hove in sight. The 
result of this afi^ir shews how little 
the enemy can do, when our mer- 
chantmen are, as they should on 
all occasions be, fully prepared to 
meet him -, and how necessary it 
is to have their ships armed in the 
manner best adapted to meet the 
natureof the warfare of the priva- 
teers in this country. They seldom 
or ever make use. of their guns, but 
^rust every thing to a desperate at- 
tack in bearding j instead, there- 
fore, of wholly relying on their 
guns, our merchantmen should 
have on board a sufficient force, in- 
dependent of the crew, to act as 
marines, who should be trained to 
the use of small arms, and to those 
weapons best adapted to repel these 
desperate attacks. 

Madras 
Occurrences forMarch 1 804. 

Official account of the defeat of the 
French squadron. 

To the right hon. lord IF, Bentinck, 

governor in council. 

Fort St. George, March 18. 
My Lord, 

I have the honour to infornd your 
lordship* that I yesterday received 
firom captain Farqnhar, command- 
ing at IVIalacca, an express, con- 
veying the important intelligence, 
that the hon. company*s China 
ships, together with the Bombay 
merchantmen^ had fallen in with. 



engaged, and completely defeated) 
the French squadron under admiral 
Linois, on the 14di Inst, in the 
mouth of the Straits of Malacca. 
^ For the partioahrs of this glo^ 
riou? event I beg leave to refer your 
lordship to the enclosed copy of ,a 
paper transmitted to me by captain 
F^rquhar. 

I take the liberty of offering to 
your lordship in anmcil, my most 
sincere congratulation on the de- 
feat of a French squadron, cdnsist- 
ing of a ship of the line, two heavy 
frigates, a sloop of war, and a bm 
of 18 guns, by a fleet of Briti£ 
merchantmen. 

I have the honour to he, with 
the greatest respect, ' 

My Lord, 
Your lordships* most obedient, 
, And very humble servant, 

(Signed) R. T. FAaauHAR, 

Lieut. ^Governor. 
Fort Comwallis, Prince of Wales*s 
Islanci, Feb. 24, 1804. 

On the 14th of February, the 
fleet under the command of capt 
Dance, consisting of sixteen India- 
men, ten country ships, and a brig 
tender, after having made Pulo 
Auore in tlie morning, at eleven 
A. M. a signal was made for five 
sail under our lee bow.— Four 
chasing ships were sent down to 
look at them, and lieutenant Fbw* 
ler, went down, in the Ganges bi-ig, 
to examine them more closely, 
'^hey were found to be a Ijne bf 
battle ship, two heavy ' fVigat^ )i 
corvette, and a, brig." We recalled 
our chasing ships, and formed t^ 
lifte, stationing the country ships 
about a mile to windward. The 
enemy stood toward us, ahd as 
soon ns they could fetch our wake 
put about and stood after us. We 
kept under an easy sail ; at sun-set 
they were dose up with our rear, 

and 



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MADRAS OGCUaRENGES FOR MARCH, 1804. 103 



«nd we were in raomeatarv expec- 
tation of an attack there^ and pre- 
patedy in that event, to give it sup- 
port. Just before dajck we per- 
ceived them haul to windwafd; 
the feet lay to in lineof battle> and 
file men at quarters all night. The 
country ships had now moved for 
protection under our lee. At day 
break we hoisted our QolDurs, and 
continued laying to offering him 
battle, if he chose to come down. 
The fiaur ships hoisted French co- 
lours, the line of battle ship carry- 
iag a rear-admiral's ilag at tlie 
mizeo, the brig was under Dutch 
colours. At nine A. M. finding 
they would not come down, wc 
formed in order of sailing, the 
country ships leading, and steered 
our course under an easy sa|l. The 
enemy then filled ^ his sails and 
bore down on, us^ Perceiving 
about one P. M. that he purposed 
to attack, and endeavour to cut off 
three or four ships of our rear, 
captain Dance made the signal for 
leaui.i^ ■ ,^ to tack and bear 
down, aiul attack him in succession. 
This manoeuvre was correctly per- 
formed, each ship cheering as she 
put about to come to action. In 
ten minutes the enemy formed in 
a very close linC;, and opened his 
fire on the leading ships. The 
Koya! George was closely En- 
gaged, and the Ganges and Camden 
opened their fire, as soon as their 
guns could reach and bear upon 
Mm J the first ship fired eighteen 
rounds^ and the oiher two nearly 
half so many, when the enemy 
bquled his wind and stood away to 
tlie eastward, under all the sail he 
could set. 

The signal was now made for a 
general chase, and we pursued hiui 
till half past three, and at one time 
thought we should have cut off the 
brig, the Hope being well up with 

t G 



and firing into her, had we not so 
great a stake at riik, it is probable 
we might, in a long chase, have 
come up with, and should cer- 
tainly have taken some of them, 
but a longer chase would have 
.taken us from the mouth of the 
Straits. We therefore put about and 
stood to the westward — the enemy 
continued under a press of sail in 
the contrary direction, as long as 
we could see him : he certainly 
made a shabby fight of it. Had 
he possessed more courage and en- 
terprize,he might have plagued us; 
and some bold attempt, or judicious 
manoeuvre to cut off some of our 
valuable and defenceless convoy, 
might have succeeded j they, how- 
ever, always kept under the pro- 
tection of our formidable line, 
which he soon thought an iniuper- 
able barrier. The correct ma- 
noeuvres, and formidable appear- 
ance of our ships, and the hearty 
cheers resounding through our line, 
as we approached him, 1 doubt not, 
convinced him of our superiority 
before he caipe to action, into 
which he entered prepared to run 
away. The general behaviour of 
the fleet was spirited, collected, and 
steady. The Royal George had 
one man killed, and one danger- 
ously Wounded ; many shots in the 
hull, more in her sails and rigging, 
and her ftwe topsail-yard much in- 
jured. The Ganges had a few 
shots in her hull and sails; not 
above two or three struck the 
Camden^ but went whizzing over 
her. After the two-decker was 
making off, about twenty men, on 
stages, were seen plugging up the 
shot holes on her bows and sides j 
one of the frigaies top-galhint 
yards was shot aw ay. 

(Signed) W. Farquhar, 
Capt, Commanding Malacca, 

4 Bombay 



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ASfATIC ANNUAL REGISTEll, 1801. 



^'i- 



Bombay 

Occurrences forMarch^ 1 803 . 



General WelUsley, 

On Saturday last major-general 
the lion. Arthur Wellesley, and 
Jofiiah Webbe, esq. resident at 
Nagpore, arrived at the presidency, 
accompanied by their respective 
suites. 

On the hon. the governor's yatch, 
which had proceeded to Panwell 
to convey general Wellesley to 
Bombay, approachinj; the harbour, 
a saliite o{ fifteen guns were fired 
from the Elphinslon Indian^an, and 
the con)j)!iimep.t was repeated on 
the lion. general's landings whilst 
(he whole. of tlie troops in garrison 
formed a strcit from the Dock 
Head, through which the general 
passed, to the govern ment-house. 
Captain Barclay, deputy adjutant- 
general, in Misore ; captain Knox, 
Persian translator} captain Bel- 
iingham, pay-master j capt. Close, 
commanding the body guard ; licut. 
Campbell, major of brigade, and 
lieut. Burne, compose general 
Wellesley's suite. 

The vakeels of Dowlut Rao 
Scindeah, and of the rajah of Cala- 
po'^re, have accompanied general 
Wellesley to Bombay. 

The vakeels of Scindeab, and 
rajah of Calapoore having express- 
ed a desire to see the hon. com- 
pany's ship Elphinslon, proceeded 
on board yesterday, accompanied 
by the town major. I'he garrison 
saluted these respectable strangers 
on their embarking, as did the El- 
phlnston, as well on tlieir going on 
board, as on returning from the 
vessel, vhich was very handsome- 
ly decorated on the occasion. Tlie 
guns were worked, and every oLlier 
attention paid to gratify the eager 



curiosity of the Tsdceels, wrbo ex- 
pressed themselves highly gratUied 
at the novelty of the scene, and by 
the attention of the commander 
and officers of the Eiphinstoa. 

French Jleet off Fort Marlborough. 
A letter from Fort Marlboroi^ 
mentions the appearance of L^oois' 
squadron iix tlie following termft : 
One fine evening a ship ot the line 
aud three large tngates entered our 
roads, and presented to i» a bat- 
tery of lOO gum, out of reaeh, 
lM>wever,of the fort, the road Stead 
being full of rock s . Wc couid per- 
ceive that the ships were crowded 
with troops. We instantly ptrt 
ourselves in the best ^tate for de- 
fending the settlement against the 
opponents, our small force admitted 
of. At dtiy break the enemy .at- 
tacked the harbour, where there 
was no defence ; they took a 
rich Madras ship 5 Capt. Slater 
aiid two other commanders burnt 
tlicir's, and in return the enemy" set 
fire to the company's codowns, and 
desiroyed about 400 tons of pepper, 
besides a quantity oi other thiilg<». 
When the French retired, the Bug- . 
gusses, ail eastern race; who i^ende 
here l^alf the year to trade, ^Ltid 
tlie Malays, plundered all they- 
had overlooked, and two protng- 
sailed away loaded with the booty;* 
A captain ofa ship shot the noque- 
dah of one of them, but could: not* 
stop the prow. la addition to al) : 
ti>ese untoward events, the' ban* • 
dittl from thoiiiils came dawn, and:* 
crouclung like tygers all round tbei< 
place„ watched tor tly raDroent o£>\ 
1iif& and pluofier. This wa» ac pe«'.. 
riod of difiieulty which callod for ' 
all the resoilution, energy, and vigi- 
lance of our commissioner. The 
most prompt and efifectuai mea- 
sures were adojned, and vigorously 
applied, . 



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BOMBAY OCCURRENCES FOR MAACH, 1B04. 



1U5 



tpi^iody and our internal foes u^ere 
cpmpletcly terrified Irora all tlieir 
tlntatened attempts. 

Ou Sunday, the third day, all the 
commanders, officers, ai;d crews, 
of the destroyed ships, came to 
Maiiborough and were a great ad- 
(Ittiou to our iorce. We set-to 
work, and by thnee . o'clock a tot- 
tery for rod hot diot uas neported 
to he ready. Works w^re laised 
with bags of salt, and peppery and 
u:e ^1 dbeerfolJy retired to our 
dioaerj prepared tea: tiie Av^rst. and 
determuied not to discredit the na- 
liwai character by an easy surren- 
der of our little tbrtress, at the 
^aiQe tiiue that ^e did not expect 
an attack, weil knowing the high 
ch^ucter of the French admiral, 
we did not imiigiiKS' h© u*ouid ri^k 
tu> past i^eputatioa, and his future 
giory and fortune in an enterprise 
of great hazaid, and' where the 
object was nat wqrtli the hazard of 
t^ attempt; oar shippmg alone 
iaui»thave been bis game. The 
Marengo cookl not come near vts, 
as &be ctrew too much water } and 
the frigates must lay in a most dan*- 
geroos berth, -whilst our furnace 
blaz^ in their faces, our filwts 
were ready, if they approached, 
aod received any oi them, they 
were done op ; nothing could save 
tbeio. 

FixKo their boats we had little 
<hiead, the boat channel wituk 
tiuxNBgh Todcfl, a ncrvoufr passage 
in the time o£ peace, but infinitely 
ntorc soivhen exposed for half in 
bMrto showers' of grape irom the 
fort above, and batteries below } 
and, if the^ miss the passage and 
tooch the rocks over tiiey go. llie 
weather wa« very fine j but; being 
the change of the moon, a gale was 
hoaihf expected -, and the gale was 
eipericuced with such violence, a 
week after the enemy were gone. 



that, ignorant as *hey were of our 
roads, they could not have rode It 
out. At six o'clock tlie follow ing 
morning the enemy disappeared j 
when our commi^ioner proceeded 
to punish (he pluncierers. He sei^ 
four chiefs of the Buggusses to an- 
sfv^er for the good hehav iour of their 
people 5 they are to pay half the 
amount of the plundered property, 
and the ever-treacherous Malays 
the other half; and we are, barring 
our loss and damage, as ^^e^ as can 
be expected 5 but, in point of se- 
curity, well able tore%enge ourselves 
ui>on the foe if he should ever think 
lit to give us the opportunity by 
n nning within our reach. 

Curious Circumstance. 
A circumstance somewhat sin- 
gular is excmplitied in the vessel 
diat has brought the Turkish am- 
bassador to Bombay. From theMuz- 
zuften having been for many years 
laid up, a number of swallows, en- 
couraged by the undisturbed state 
of the vessel, have been accus- 
tomed to build fheir nests annually 
in various parts of the ship: the 
MuzzufJer sailing from Bushire in 
the nesting season, whei* the 
birds had commenced or completed 
their animal labor, the su illows 
followed her the whole of the 
way to Bombay j. have since conli- 
inied, and are now to be seen in 
numbers about the Muzzuflfer, but 
not about any otlier vessel in the 
harbour. 

By Government, 
Bonibu Castle, 7th March, 1804. 
The lionorable the governor in 
council :9 pleased to direct that the 
following extract, being tlie 2d and 
3d paragraph of a letter from the 
honorable tlie court of directors,' 
under date the 1st of June, 1803, 
be published in general orders. 

Para. 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804.- 



Para. 2d. " Although under 
the present situattOii of affairs 
at your presidency, we. do not 
think it necessary that a com- 
mander in chief, as heretofore, 
should be appointed; yet, wish- ng 
at all tunes to confer every rea- 
sonable distinction on the senior 
officer, commanding the army, 
and also considering that his ad- 
vice in council may be of advan- 
tage to our affairs generally, but 
more particularly so on questious 
of a professsional nature, we 
have determined that the senior 
officer, at your presidency, shall, 
as commander of tlie forces, 
have. a seat in council, and rank 
as such near to the governor for 
the time being." 

Para. 3d. *• Major general Ni- 
colls, as commanding officer of 
the forces, is therefore to be 
called to a seat in council ; but 
this is not to cause any vacancy 
in the general staff of your army, 
nor is any additional staff to be 
allowed to general NicoUs on 
this account.*' ' 



Administration of Oaths to 
Heathens, 

The following opinions in regard 
to what oaths ought to be adminis- 
tered to heathens, or Indians, 
within the jurisdiction of the re- 
spective courts in India, as given in 
the year 1747, by the most emi- 
nent counsellors of the day j sub- 
sequently to the -granting of the 
cliarter for the erecting of law 
courts in this country, we have 
never seen in print. 

Mr. Brown, tlie company*8 
standing counsel, in an opinion of 
his, says, 

" If the witness voluntarily takes 
the oath of his country from the 
hands of a bramine, or in tlie 



pagodas, in order to give a ssmc* 
tion to his testimony, before he 
comes to attest a fact, all that you 
can do, is to afford a greater share 
of credit to his- evidence according 
to the solemnity, and the nature of 
tlie oath taken, and the degree of 
reverence in which it is held by the 
Indians; and from this measure, 
and Uxe prob ibility of the fact tes* 
tified, tlie court must form a judg^ 
ment upon the whole case, accord-* 
ing to their real belief of the wit- 
ness." 

And sir John Dudley Ryder, 
attorney general, and sir John 
Strange, solicitor general, and, Mr. 
Browne, in a joint opinion, say, 

'« We think it safest for the 
court to admit tlie e*'idence of hear 
then witnesses, in such cases as have 
been usual since the charter, and 
upon such oaths as are commonly 
taken by them, in case of evitknCc, 
according to their respective reli- 
gions ; but to be particularly care- 
ful not to oblige tliem to take such 
oaths as their customs rerider it in- 
famous for them -to t^e/' 

And the same gentlemen, in 
answer to another question, say, 

" We are of opinion the court 
cannot compel the taking of the 
pagoda oath, and if the court upon 
the party's resusal to take, or should^ 
without entering inta the merits of 
thecausGi make a decree againat 
the party, we apprehend it W^QuM 
be an error and a ^Dimdation £bf.an 
appeal j and if the mayor's coiirt 
sliould endeaVour, by censure, to 
compel th^jiarty totake it, ,it ^ill 
be a just ground qf conip^aint 
against the court as a misb^viour 
in their office." 

And the then attorney and soli- 
citor general, Mr. Brown, and Mr. 
Browning, in a joint opinion, -say, 

" If the mayor's court shall 

insist on an Indian putting in his 

answer. 



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107 



answer, <^ being sworn as a witness 
in a manner inconsistent with the 
religion of' bis cast, it will be pro- 
per to bring that naatter before the 
goremor and council by appeal/' 

Major-general Oliver Nicolls has 
been sworn in as -first member of 
cooncil at this presidency 5 on 
which occasion, a salute of 15 
guns were fired firom the saluting 
batteries. 

Appmntment of a CommtUee to ad- 
dress the Govemor-generaL 
At a numerous and respectable 
meeting of the British inhabitants 
ofthi^ settlement^ held at the town 
ball, in pursuance of a requisition 
prcriousiy circnlated for tliat pur- 
pose, Mr. Edward Nash, the she- 
ii!F, opened the busmess of the 
^ with the following speech: 
Gentlemen, 
" You mtist be well aware of 
tfie object fof which I have had the 
boDor of convening the present 
meetii^, and which, agreeably to 
zny intimation, is to consider of dn 
address to his excellency the most 
noble the governcnr-general, on the 
sobject of the late happy termina- 
tioQ of hostilities, and the distin^ 
bed success of our arms in 



•* VfWst I have to observe that 
Jttemaiiiswith you, Gtentlenaen, to 
nominate a chairman to preside In 
tiii^kerably, permit me to remark, 
tbatl shall, with much satisfaction, 
fcq^ retain the remembrance of its 
fating &llen Within my province 
to'^tovene you on this memorable 

O0CS(5t(3n'. 

, " I cannot, however, reFinguish 
tbe chair; Gentlemen, witiiout em- 
bracing the favorable opportunity, 
which this meeting atl'ords me, of 
expressing the high sentiments I 
entertain, and which, I am assured. 



every Briton must entertain of the 
great and exalted talents that have 
been displayed in the operations of 
the late campaign, which have been 
as glorious as rapid, and as brilliant 
as decisive/' 

Mr. Henshaw having been re- 
quested to take the chair, the at- 
tention of the meeting was imme- 
diately attracted by a suitable and 
impressive speech, delivered by 
Mr. Thriepland, and replete with 
that correctness of diction, and ele- 
gance of language Sb invariably dis- 
played on every subject which that 
gentleman discusses who conclu- 
ded by mo^ng, that a committee 
should be immediately appointed 
to consider C3f an appropriate ad- 
dress to his excellency the most 
noble the governor-general, on the 
occasion of the late happy termi- 
nation of hostilities in India; which 
motion being second^, the follow- 
ing gentlemen were requested to 
act as members : 

Robert Henshaw, esq. 

Robert Anderson, esq. 

Major-General John Bellasis. 
' Major-general Richard Jones. 

Heienus Scott, e$q. 

Lieut. Colonel Watson, 75th reg. 

J. A. Grant, esq. 

Simon Halliday, esq. 

S. M. Thriepland, esq. 

William Dowdeswell, esq. 

William Kennedy, esq. 

Charles Forbes, esq. 

Patrick Hadow, esq. 

Major - general Bellasis then 
moved that as the honorable major* 
general Wellesley was now at the 
presidency, the eligible opportu- 
nity should be embraced, of pre- 
senting an address, also, to that 
gallant and able officer, expressive 
of tlie high admiration which the 
British inhabitants of this settle- 
ment entertained of the important 
and active services he had rendered 

to 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, ISOi. 



to the country, in the late glorious 
and successful campaign. This 
motion was also seconded and car- 
ried, wb^n the committee ad- 
journed to prepare the addresses. 

The sentiments avowed at this 
.public assembly clearly evince what 
a unkiimity prevails among the 



British Inhabitants of Indiaj.as to 
tlie splendor of the late achiever 
my^uts, and how anxious we all $3^ 
to paj the just tribute of gralUude 
and admiration to the illustrious 
character whose prudence and 
energy have added such important 
benefits to the empire at large. 



Bengal Occurrences for April,. 1804. 



PuhlU Addresses to Genial Lake. 
April 5. — ^Thc chairman of the 
meeting of the British Inhabitants 
of Calcutta, held on the 21st Feb- 
'i-uary, performs a most grateful 
duty in publishing, for their iufor- 
matiou> the following letters, with 
which he has been honored by his 
excellency the most noble the go- 
vernor^general, ackl by his excel- 
lency the commander in chief. 
P. Spskc. 

(Copy.) 
To Peter Speke, Esq, chairman of 
a general meeting of ike British 
Inhabitants of Calcutta* 

Sir, 
I have tlie honor to transmU to 
you, a coj^ of the letter which I 
^dressed to his excellency the 
commander in chiefs accompanying 
the resolutions of the British inlia- 
. bitiiats of Calcutta under date2Ut 
of February, together with the ori- 
giuai o(C the commander in diiefs 
answer, enclosing a letter from his 
excellency to yoiu- address* 
I have the honor to be. 
With gneat regard and esteem, 
Sir> your iaithful «ervai>t« 

WBJ»LESfc€Y. 
Fort. William, Aprils,, 1804* - . 



(Copy.) 
To his Excellency General lAh, 

commander in chief, isfc, tsfc. 
Sir, 

With the most sincere ^slac- 
tion, I have^ the honor to coib^ly 
with the request of this mat and 
respeciaUe settiement, m trans- 
mitting to your excelleocyy die 
Cestimony of gratitude <md adfifttei- 
tiod .i2ont»oi^ in; liie uaawtiiiiotfs 
resolution of a general meetinr <)£ 
the Brittsh inhabiutits of Caltatu. 
Themost sacs^ pi)ina^os of )Mib- 
lic duty^ united w(tii unaltBrabte 
scntitnenls of' friendship a^d- >i^ 
fectidns^e attadioient^ eisoit^ tli 
my Qcmid bn ^nxtociB,8dfi6i4utt6ibr 
youreacellatio/a wdfase^'tuipfH- 
ness^ imdfame. Yonr^xlKllency^^ 
splendid and vaioable odii^ve- 
ments demand vvery public boiUir 
froratlie justice, and ^rattttdfof 
your country 1 no Aa^ :jpas te» 
accept^Dfle to> nw, as liat 'of. con- 
veying to you the deserved Tdwaid 
of yontrardtDUs services j iitfcfere- 
fore trust, that your exjCc^eacyiwill' 
accept, with satbfamioR^: t^ife->nria- 
niroQ08.t€8timt)ny iof'piiblibjr«p«t 
otiered to yott In tiie encloled Ife- 
sohitiT>n ; ^ndthatyau^piil leneite, 
with ple2tfure>>oay cordial afeid twa- 

lous 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR APRIL, 1804. 



Ioq 



lous* approbation of the just dnd 
latidable sentiments expressed, on 
tips occasion, by the British inha- 
bftaats of the capital of the British 
possessions in India. 

I have the honor to be. 
Sir, 
Your excellency's most 
faithful servant, 

Wellesley. 
Fort William, March g, 1804. 



(Copt.) . 

To his Excellency the most nolle 
Marquis WeUesley, governor' 
gtneral, ^c. 

My lord, 

I have receivedi vith seatiments 
of the most ttncere pleastu*^, your 
^^ips letter, oowreying to rae 
thenesohitioQ ci a general meeting 
t^ the Bdtiib inhabitants of Cal- 
oa^ to kMUMTQie with a vahiable 
lestimoBy of their respect and ap- 
probatfon. 

The gracious manner in which 
four lordship h^ been pleased to 
cammUoicate this resolation, adds 
gteatly tq.th6. satisfaction iwhich I 
fed OB thist occattoii) and your 
lordship's expvessioiis cf friendship 
a^sttadudent which, have acoom- 
pamed it^ ^ith ihe iri^ praise and 
appnofaation wiHi wbtdt your brd- 
sbififaas hoooml my exertions^ du- 
lii^tbrla^ campaign, are drcum- 
stabcea gratifying beyond expres- 
-Esoo,;. tordie- wannest iedings of 
nar.hesW* - 

-^vWhulst'S lequest the ikror that 
your Joc^hip will oame^ the en- 
closed pap^ to the Bkitifih. Iqhabi- 
tarns of Calctktta> 1 beg leave to 
ofier to your lordship, assoraiSces 
of my most affi^tionate regard^ 
and of my sincere sense of the 



repeated obligations I ara under to 
your lordship's goodness. 

I have the honor to be, 
IVIy Lord, 
Your lurdship's most faitliful 
humble sen-ant, 

G. Lake. 
Hr.AD Quarters, 
Camp Ramghur, March 21st, 1S04. 

To tJie Chairman of a General 
Meeting of the British Jnhali^ 
tants of Calcutta, ^c. ^c. ^f ., 

Sir, 

His excellency the most noble 
the governor-general has done me 
the honor to communicate a reso- 
lution of a general meeting of the 
British inhabitants of Calcutta, to 
confer on me a valuable testimony 
of their respect and approbation. 

Whilst I partake in that jast 
triumph which has its origin in the 
general prosperity and the increase 
of the power and glory of our 
country, I feel the satisfaction 
whi<^h had arisen from the success 
of my exertions, in conducting the 
late campaign in Hindustan, greatly 
enhanced by so honourable a testi- 
mony of esteem, fiom a settle- 
ment, equally respectable for its 
public 6|Hrit, and its private virtue. 

The public applause, admiration, 
dnd gratitude, have been justly 
excited by the foresight, wisdom, 
and energy which have directed the 
counsels of the gov^mor^enera! ; 
and it will ever be my pride and 
pidasure to havie contributed to 
conduct his lordship's measures to 
a termination, fraught with bene- 
fitsj atontethetnostiplendid, the 
most important, ^ the most per- 
manent 

The esteem iand applause of our 
country constitute the best motives 
to animate our exertions 5 and are 
the great and Mished-for rewards 

of 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REOKTEH, 1804. 



of erery public service. To be 
honoured^ tberefbre> with an ex- 
pressioD of these sentiments, in a 
public and unanimous resolution of 
fo respectable a body of my coun- 
tiymen, iff peculiarly gratifying to 
every principle of public duty. 

The extension of our dominion 
in India, the reduction of those 
^rmidable states who meditated 
our ruin, the glorious success of 
every military enterprise that has 
been undertaken, th« sh'ming ex- 
amples which have been exhibited 
of moderation, humanity, and 
justice, and the oKnprehensive 
system of political connections and 
arrangements^ which has been 
adopted, to perpetuate the stability 
of our power, and the duration of 
our tranquillity, are circumstances 
which every British subject must 
contemplate with exultation, and 
Wh a confidence, that they will 
secttie to the British inhabitants of 
this country a continuation of that 
prosperity, by which they have 
obtained their presient exalted situ- 
ation, oi importance^ opulence, 
and grandeur. 

1 request the favor that yon will 
convey to the British inhabitants 
of Calcutta, my most ardent wish 
that they may enjoy, to the fullest 
possible extent, the numerous ad- 
vantages which have thus been ac- 
quired for them , and my most 
grateful acknowledgements, ibr 
the flattering opinion they enter- 
tain of my services^ and ibr the 
4iilingttashed testimony of partia- 
lity and regard, with whidi they 
have honoured me. 

I have the honoui* to be. 
Sir, 
Your obliged and obedient 
humble servant, 

G. Lake. 
Hfad-Qi:artkrs, 
0:np lia.nghur, \Lrcb ^lif, t3o4. 



Narrative of tht Lots qf the 
ship Fanny, 

*' On Monday, September lOftf, 
a very uncommon swell deiiote^ 
the approach of bad weather, and 
this expectation was fully con- 
finned, by a continued gale froa 
that day until the 25d, when It 
blew a perfect hurricane, accohx- 
panied with a tremendous sea, 
which washed away' the staiboard 
gangway railing, and made a fSdr 
breach over the ship j at half past 
nine P. M. tiie foremast webt 
eleven or twelve feet above dje 
deck, and next momiAg, it was 
found that the rudder, and the 
starboard counter moulding, w» 
torn off 5 supposed to have b^cn 
occasioned by the wreck get^ 
fbul of it when goine astdn.^*— 
Latitude i;^ 29.— On toe 24th the 
wind was from the southwattf, 
with a heavy tumbling sea, thfe 
ship labouring much, latitude 1 7— 
45. On the 25di, fmdmg all exer- 
tions to get the ship's head roxttA 
were unsuccessful, and tiie w!nd 
continuing from the southwarf, 
set two jibbs on the driver bootn, 
and a cross jack and mi^en to^ 
sail aback to give her stem \#^.— 
Latitude 18^ 23.— From this^'timc 
till the 30th, variable w^nd^, wWcfi 
we endeawured to avail ourselvtt 
of, so as to make northing, eithef 
by backing or filling, as pro\-e^ 
most favourable -, by this tirtie t 
temporary rudder wa3 htade, *bttl 
could not be shipped buf^*M 
getting the jibboora over thfe *^ 
and sunk ; and secured bysiitficfeJ^ 
weights It seemed to answei^ 'thb 
purpose, -and the whid bdtt^ BR 
and E. the ship wore and ticked, 
ai occasiori required. At day-feht, 
on the eleventh of Octobei*, the 
T^yn Islands were seen ; and on 
the twelflh the ship got roubd tlie 
coiWt of Hainan. — Here we ship^ 

ped 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR APRIL, 1804. 



Ill 



pedthe new-made rudder; but the 
weather still continuiDg very bois- 
tecoos we put to sea again on the 
£feeotL -y and^ ou the morning of 
ihe sQTeoteeuth came to an anchor, 
at Tongsoi Bay, and were em- 
|(lo^ in refitting the stup. Here 
♦wer^mained till the iwenty-eii^hth, 
.iK^jcathe ship drove considerably 
^;ie night to the southward and 
JWpstward. — On the morning of the 
foirth of Noyember, we got under 
A^igh to recover our farmer an«- 
ctudnng ground -, and on the fifth 
ike rudd^ again broke adrift from 
tjbp s^em ; and on the seventh we 
#aw Pulo Canton, and drove down 
between the paraceis and the main 5 
backitig and filling, as occasion 
re^iijiedy from the i>ixdi instant to 
ibe jcfeventh. We tried various 
inethodsto get thQ ship's bead to 
^ northward j on the eleventh', 
accorophshed it: but soon came 
rpBod on the other tack) on the 
>ixteenth.the ship> head w^s to the 
Q^HCtbwaxd, and on the seventeenth 
gptyher ii^ again to the eastward $ 
vom thence, until th« twenty-first, 
standing at £. N. E. to £. S. £. and 
^E, by E.— wlien the carpenter 
hjivifig finished the rudder we got 
it OTCf board, and by 5 P. M. got 
ks^irrfy fixed to the stern. As no 
$QJm had been spared in the con- 
^nicdoQ of it, we found it answer 
^& well as the one we first lost ; and 
^saving the ship now under com- 
^land,. we hoped soon to reach the 
ntact^of our destination. We had 
](ipfsp for some days past in a part 
flfjlhi^. China seas very little known, 
a^ according to thebest charts full 
q^ dafigers, and we h^ sounded 
}i^]f diiring th^ ^ght, but no 
i|jipge^Mi|5 yj^t had appeared. At 4 
^VM^we ei>deAv<^fiBd to tack, but 
far w^tojf after-sail we could not 
aiBtt^mplishii, (the carpenters hav? 
i|jgl>tak^ Uk; mizcu cap to fix to 



the stem post ^ the rudder). At 
day-light perceived a reef of cocks 
and much broken water, bearing 
from N. E. to W. N. W. distanj: 
about two miles J as day-light in-* 
creased we saw breakers all around 
us; we stood round the re^f in 
hopes of finding a passage out, but 
were disappointed. In this situation 
we thought it would be best to 
come to anclior, until we could 
render serviceable a small ieaky 
boat, which we had prooored at 
Hainan : we had twenty-sevdn 
fathom water, the bottom w-as 
brc>ken coral, we let go the best 
bower anchor, but found it to be 
such bad hokiing ground, that the 
ship drove at the slightest increase 
of the breeze; we then let go the 
sheet anchor which . brought the 
«hip up ; the carpenters were im- 
mediately employed in repairing 
tlie boat; we counted from the 
mast-head seven reefs lying romid 
us all nearly dry. 

It was not until the 25th, that 
the caipenters iiad finished tlie boat, 
during, which time we frequently 
drove although we had both an- 
chors down. We hoisted her out, 
but found her still so leaky that she 
would scarcely swim, and that any 
attempts to find a channel in lier 
would be impracticable. On the 
2C)th we attempted to get under 
way and clear tliese reefs^ Imme- 
diately the first anchor was oft* the 
ground, the ship drove, and flow- 
ed us no time to get the otbor- an- 
chor, we accordingly cut aoftd nJiade 
sail. At eight P. M. the ship b^at 
very hard abaft upon the rooks'; 
-we cut away the mizea-mast; to 
ease her, and if possible prevent her 
from going to pieces. Our situa- 
tion was now tiuly deplorable, for 
we found it impossible to save the 
ship. We were 750 miles imni 
any land Ui.U we could possibly ar- 
rive 



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ASLVTIC ANNUAL HEGISTER, 1804> 



five at, and had no bonts to con- 
duct us thither : it was very uncer- 
tain how long the wreck might hold 
tfigether, and we supposed that the 
moment of her separation would 
be the last of our lives. T\m: peo- 
ple propo>ed a i-aft, but their was 
nothing tfiat afforded a speedier 
method of preservation than the 
poop of the ship sawed off, and con- 
rerted into flat-bottomed boats ; 
this was begun the next moniing, 
while the rest of tlie people got tlie 
spars overboard, on each side, and 
secured them as shores, to prevent 
the ship's oversetting. Tliere was 
ten or eleven feet water wbere the 
•hip lay ; at a small distance from 
the wreck the rocks were nearly 
dry at low water, and at spring tides 
quite ; the tide rose and fell about 
eight or nine feet at high water 5 
artd half ebb there was not a rock 
in sight. The carpenters had now 
cut off three beams width of the 
poop, as a bottom for one of the 
intended boats ; tlie length was 
17| feet wide, and five broad 5 tlie 
carpenters went on with this boat 
but slowly. On the 3d of Decem- 
ber the bottom of the second boat 
A^as laid; the other one, which 
was intended for the lascars, re- 
mained unfinished for want of their 
assistance. 

The seacunnies, topazes, &c. 
flndmg tlfis one to be intended for 
tHemselves, went to work upon it 
trith the greatest alacrity, tearing 
from the wreck plank and copper 
for their -boat. jOn the 8th, the 
lascars began to work upon their 
boat, and a carpenterAvas sent to 
issist them. The progress in 'both 
boats was nearly the same, tlie 
tvork went on very slow, and a 
Sickness jipread among the'shtp*s 
crew, occasioned by die foul air 
which origitiated from the stagnant 
<vatcr and piurld cottofl j this ef*- 



flu via was so pemiciomf'that fiSSit 
silver would turn black in the ^j^ce 
of a few minutes, if exposed tjfe- 
tween decks. On the 5th onw i6f 
the lascars died, on the 10th ano- 
ther 5 nothing material then oc- 
curred until the 23d, exce5)t tfiit 
the wreck lay gradually more and 
more over, and by ibis time ("here 
was two feet water between dedc§. 
On the 23d, at seven A. M. dis- 
covered a sail, in the N. W. hoisted 
the signal of distress ; she hoisted 
American colours and stood t(h 
wards the edge of the reef, anS 
hoisted her boat out 5 as she Mvi 
about diree miles from us on the 
other side of die reef, the boiit 
rowed along the reef to find a pas- 
sage to come to us J we sent iif 
small boat to shew them one *wie 
had recently discovered. The peo- 
ple were all ordered aft, and wete 
toH that as an opportunity norir 
offered, those who wished to le^ve 
file wreck might embrace It. WlwSi 
Aeboat came along^e, the officer 
informed them that the raptaSd tjf 
this vessel (which wasftn Amerintti 
brig, c^cd the Philadelphia, Isouui 
to China-) would take the peopfe 
out of the ship, and ^s she was !• 
want 6f rope, ^e wouM heave fb 
for die night, and fiimish hefscif 
with what necessaries she stood Its 
need of frorn the wteck. It wste 
the Tntentioiw of captain Robcrtsorf, 
at all evetrts, to proceed to Malacx^ 
in the boats now in. hand, ^iA 
tJiose who might chuse to remaih 
with him^ the^ his intcntit* 
having been signified to the on^1*<*r, 
he returned to his ship, antl a?!K5* 
half past four, P. M. retwfeed 
with a few necessaries for the cr*^ 
tain, who was extremely ill. TJk 
officer informed us t^iat his cm*- 
mander had altered his intemiom 
t)f remaining by tJie wreck dtfi^% 
the night, and had given Limpeiff- 



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BEKGAL OCCURRENCES FOR APRIL, 1804. 113 



fUSBp^ orders to receive no more 
tban four people into his boat ; three 
seacunuies and a little boy accord- 
in^y went, and at about six P. M. 
lie departed. In the morning of 
the 24th saw the vessel in the S. £. 
lost sight of her by ten A. M. 
On the 29th launchcKi one of the 
boats, and on tlie 30th the other. 
They were each 17^ feet long, and 
'^ve feet wide below, as before- 
mentioned^ 23 feet long, and eight 
feet wide over all, and five feet 
deep. Wo were employed until 
the 3d instant in loading the boats, 
as they required a great quantity 
of weight to bring them to their 
beanngs -, there were two buts of 
water in each, and a gieat many of 
die ship*8 stores. In one of the 
boats went the ca} tain, the 2d mate, 
the topazes, servants, carpenters, 
Arc. in all 23 ; )q the other boat 
the Jascars, tindals, &c. 24 in num- 
ber. At foar P. M. on the 4th, we 
lefttke wrecks as we were incapa- 
ble to boat to windward to clear 
the reef I we were obliged to take 
the adwitage of high water, and 
go over the reef to get into deep 
water. Nc^wtthstanding all our 
precautions^ both the boats ground- 
ed t^xxi tbe rocks, when we had 
proceeded a little distance from the 
wreck J the wind blew very fresh, 
the boats beat very hard npoo the 
todLs, and we were imder great ap- 
pfehonicxm tbey would go to 
pieces. We cootinued in this si- 
toatian until six o'clock } we then 
fDC into a bole in which there 
vat about eight feet water, and 
there canoe to anchor during the 
B^. Oo tbe 4th the small boat 
was sent to look tor a passage -, we 
got through in deep water, and in^- 
a^ediately seat the small boat with 
a Uae and grappling to the assist- 
aooeof the ciber.boat. By sis 
o'dock A. M. we both got^lear 
Vol. 6, t 



of the reef, made sail and stood to 
the S. W. We found that during 
the night one of the people had 
died in the lascars* boat. At noon 
the wreck bore E. by N. distance 
about four miles. On the 5th light 
breezes and little sea -, found the 
spray wash frequently into the boat, 
she being no more than nine in- 
dies out of the water. Another 
height of boards was put on, and 
by this means ke£t tolerably dry 5 
the other boat kept company with 
us very well, having rather the ad- 
vantage in sailing. At sun set she 
was about a mile distant ', hoisted 
a light at the mast head during tha 
night for our companion. At two 
A. jyi. on the 6th, from the care- 
lessness of the helmsman, the boat 
broached too. and had nearly fillecf 
—got her before the wind again, 
and in about an hour got the water 
out of her — at day light the other 
boat not in sight, and from that 
time never saw any more of her. 
The latitude by observation to day, 
was 9°. 18'. North, (the ship was 
lost m 9^. A4\ N. and longitude 
about 114®. 4&.) we had the small 
boat, or China tanpan, towing 
a-stem, and two men in her, one 
to steer, and the other to bale. At 
half past ten P. M. on the llth, in 
a squall of wind, the small boat 
upset, and one man was drowned. 
On the 15th a very high sea, ai^d 
almost all of the people sick; our 
rice having been damaged from the 
time the boat shipped the heavv sea 
on the 6th, affonied such inoiffe- 
rcnt sustenance that we could 
scarcely eat it. On the l6tli we 
saw theAnambas: on the 19th 
we came to anchor at one of the 
small islands near Pulo Aore : we 
procured here wood and water, and 
remained untU the 21st, searching 
for vegetables, &c. to stop the pro- 
gress ot the scurvy, which raged 
H Vitb 



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ASIATIC ANN.UA^: S^Jffflsir^ji,. ipcH- 



with great violence amongst us 5 
hut notsuccecLlhigin our rcheavdics 
wc coutlni-xvl our passage — on ihe 
24th we entered the siniit-j— on the 
'^^ih, being off the Rahblt and 
Coney, Vse tell in with a small ship 
'called the Drl.^k, of IV-ijiing^; the 
cajjLiin su|}plied uj» wiih every 
liecessary lie cf>ultl |>are, and kind- 
1\V orfered eitlier to ronie to an 
anchor, or, it* lieenied neecssiiiy, to 
put back (he beni; bound to Rio) 
and toy us into Alalaeca — (»n tlie 
ISth one of the toi)azcs died — ou 
the 2d of the next month, we ar- 
rived at the Water Islands, our 
passage 'having been retaidcd by 
light airs, curienis, and calnuj ou 
that day another of tlie topazes 
died ; a fishing boat came alongside 
and we sent to give the account of 
our arrival at IVLil icca, and of our 
distressing circumstiincesj when 
captain Farquhar (who was com- 
mandant of Malarea) was ac(juai»it- 
ed with this, he i immediately, sent 
provisions to us, and boats to tow 
us into the road, at which place we 
arrived at about eight o'clock that 
^evening, after a hazardpyis passage 
of twenty-nine days. 

" The lascars behaved extremely 
ill from the period of theTyphoon j 
land although the boat intended for 
them was began ftrst, yet by tlie 
time she was completely timbered, 
they positively revised to rip plaiik 
to comj^lcte her ; in short, they 
behaved throughout v;ith a degree 
of inactivity and unwillinguess tliat 
was highly culpable. It is report^ 
tliat one of tindaJs had arrived at 

Goiter nor Generals Bodi/ Guard. 
The body guard of his excel- 
lency the, most noble tixe governor 
general, was reviewed on Thursday 
n^orniiPg^ by majorrgeu/ Cameron, 
5itfprdin^g;ieat delight. tp 9 i:aQa»t 



i^um^pus concourse of ^pejcta^gff > 
wJio eagerly assembled to witne^ 
a display of that characteristic de;^- 
terity which ha* ever distingui^ied 
tliis well appointed and highly dis- 
cij)nne(,l corps. 

The masterly style of p^ifprmiqg 
the swcjfd exercise^ .tlie rapid Jty and 
correctness 6{ the horse artiJleiy 
(uhich was unconuiionly wpll 
managed) excited uuiyersal iidnii- 
ration, which was raised to ^: still 
higher pitch by the several cbaxs^ 
in line, producing a most ibrmida- 
l)le e fleet, from their wondi^j^ 
conipactness and. velocity, Imme* 
dl;^tely aft^r the review, ^le coo^- 
pany present, cgnij.isting of ne^ly 
2CX) persons of the first distijcKtion, 
retired to partake Qf,.9P e]|^-9^t 
breakfast, prepared ^y capU Daiuell 
on the review groi^d ; ,>yhj¥re ev^fjr 
luxury the season, could afibrd W^ 
arranged witl^ tl)e utmost l^fte, 
and wh^re cygry go\mten^poe ia 
tliis brilliant a^seml)lyb^|unf4MriUi 
the most lively satisfacticNa, 

Tiie b^ixd a(;ta9he4 tQ the body 
guard, playecl the most di^llghtfui 
airs (chipHy martial) until ne^ ten 
o'clock, when the cx>p:^pany reluc- 
tantly withdrew fro^x Itbls le^tjye 
and tf uly iotere,$tjuc^ >cfme« 

ForiWilliafD, Aprif ^^ 
His excellency the most noble 
tl^ governor general ba« deruied 
the greatest satisiaction fiaam the 
following, report, reQdved^,<in]fn 
major-general Cameroa^ a^t> lin- 
ing reviewed the body gn^rd^fjn 
consequence of his f«CQltenqy*« 
orders. ... 1 

To, captain jirmstrongfA^Hng 
Miliiaty SocretQ!^y^ xr i 

SlB,. . 

\ request you will do me the 
honor of reporting • to hift ^lusel- 
lencythe gQvemor-^oexal, that I 
reviewed tm lord«b^p'ft Uody^ ^lard 

this 



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Us 



tly'k morning, and h?ive much satis- 
faction in bearing testimony of the 
good order, correctness, and gene- 
ral appearance of the corps- 

The 'teadiness of the men, ihe 
neatness of their accoutrements, the 
good condition of the horses,' and 
the acairacy with N^hich the move- 
ftwots in general' wfere performed, 
Ifeflect much credit on c^pt. Daniell 
and the officers under his command. 

The principal points which 
'ilauned my favourable notice, were 
the itnct attention paid to preser- 
ving prdper distance in passing in 
column of troops, and the correct- 
ness with which the line was form- 
ed on wheeling up, and advancing 
in Ime at a trot. Also the sJiill and 
«ctivily displayed in the sword ex- 
fcreise at speed, and in the attack 
and defence. The gallopers were 
served and brought up with great 
exactness and celerity. 

The charges were dose and 
iteady, though not quite so rapid 
as the pre<ient system efiforces ; yet, 
it is obvious, from the attention 
gcttej^Dy-^ald to the dlsciplhie of 
this corps, that a little more prac- 
tice oiily is wanf ing to produce the 
desired d^ect. 

I cannot conclude without ngain 
expressing my approbation of capt. 
Dini^irs attention, which reflects 
the highest credit on that officer, 
mow particolarly when it is con- 
ikkweftf, that oW half of the men, 
s^weSi as hdrses, at this morning's 
firid eitert^se, haie been enrolled 
on'A^*trei^i of the corps, little 
' naoftSilftftt four months. 

I have the honor to be. Sir, 

' Y«ur obedient, humble ^ervant^ 

(Signed) W.N. Camejion, 
Major 'gen . Com . Prendency. 

-MrtP RfgufaftOTts tespvi tirni ft^itie 
JHi» Mfideita tn India. 
ftu:;7ih. 'We have established 

\ 



the following regulations for tlie 
shipping of such wine from Ma- 
deira on the extra ships as may be 
required tube carried to India, afld 
fVom thence brought to Englapc^, 
we direct that you niake them as 
public as possible, viz. 

That the freight of wine from 
Madeira to India be 4l. per pipe, 
and that the same be paid within 
fifteen days after permission shall 
be granted for shipping wine. 

That the same rate of freight be 

?aid for wine sent to any part of 
ndia, both in peace and war, and 
that no pi|>e do contain more than 
no gallons. 

That the freight of wine brought 
from India to England be 81. per 
pipe in time of war ; and that this 
freight be paid previous t9 the de- 
livery of the wine in England, and 
charged at the above rates respec- 
tively, whether the pipes contain 
the ful^ quantity or not. 

That persons requiring tonnage 
for wine fromMadeira to be carried 
to India, and froiu thence to Eng- 
land,be permitted to lade in articles 
for Madeira freight free to the 
amount of the tonnage tliey may 
be allowed in wine ; and that two 
pipes be calculated equal to one 
ton. 

That such ships as may be ap- 
pointed to take on board wine at 
Madeira, be allowed to remain at 
that islar.d two w^orking days for 
every 20 tons of goods they may 
have been permitted either to carry 
to, or receive on board at, Madeira^ 
(the day of arrival and sailing not 
included) and tjiat if the agents of 
tlie shippers should no^ .complete 
their lavpng within that period, the 
ships do proceed on their voyage, 
anci the freight paid in England do 
then become forfeited. , , ; 

8 th . You w ill ob -e rve \1\h die 

rate of freight above-<nentioned ap- 

H 2 plies 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER. 1804. 



plies also to such wine as mny be 
^tt^diri India. 



Mission to the Court nf Tehrart. 
By letters from Bushire, 'we are 
mformed, Oiat Mr. Manesty left 
that place on the 25th February 
last, OH the mission to the court of 
Tehran, ma style of elegance 
which cannot be equalled by any 
of the Persian nobility, and hardly 
surpassed by the king himself. On 
the 15th of March llie mission had 
anfived near Shirazj the gentle- 
itten composing it highly delighted 
with the trip. 

. One may form some idea of the 
splendid manner in whidi Mr. 
Manes^y travels, when we add, 
that his retinue consists of upwards 
of one hundred horses, three hun- 
dred baggage mules, and sixty 
darnels, wiUi a multitude of ser- 
vants, and camp-followers, Avhich 
makes the whole appear like a little 
army in motion. The procession' 
moves in the following order: in 
thfi van an elephant) beveral men 
on horseback, who administer a 
dottstant - supply of coffee and 
hookahs, daring the march j some 
troopers, tw^ of them carrying 
union jacks ; nine led horses, ele- 
gaintly caparisooed in the Persian 
tasbto ^ twdve rumring footmen j 
t\ro gold stick8> and two silver 
ditto, moonted 5 Mr. Mauesty 5 
thetgentjemen of hissui^ej a led 
horae before each 5 forty Gholams or 
Persian' g*uard6, dressed ki orang^- 
cdkmred dothes, ai]d armed with 
fibidds, s«^)rcls, and carbines 5 the 
sdpoy gAard, &c. Sec. 

. iA . - DreddfutFifeJ ' 
OnSiUurday, the R)th ultirrio, a 
dwkify 6re btt>k<» Out n^r Cal- 
cutiajt'on the opp^si^ side <rf ihe '. 
riTer,.^e}ofee^'toftie "premiss 'of 
I^IaLbisj'Johti 'Gifliik>re- and Cu. 



which destroyed a great number of 
huts to the extent, it is said, of 
near a mile. The very prompt 
and able assistance afforded, by a 
nuniber of gentlemen who re- 
paired to the spot, and from tbo 
ships hi the river, fortunately 
prevented the conflagration iVom 
spreading, and saved from the 
mmes a ship of 600 tons, then on 
the stocks at Mr. Thomsoa's yard. 

CrvillFarin Cahul 
The civil war, in Cabul, between 
the Kizilbacbes and the Afghans, 
which broke out in the beg'mniiig 
of the present year on some trifling 
dispute^ has been attended with 
the most bloody and extraordinary 
circumstances. During tlie space 
of tiirce days, Cabul displayed a 
continued scene of conftagratioii^ 
rapine, and devastation. The nunir 
ber df persons slain in the ciry 
alone, amounted to 4000. Even 
the presence of die king, Shaw 
Mall mood could not check the 
disturbances, and the result to 
hira was equally fatal and uiiex-, 
pected. I'he parrrality he dibco- 
vered during the disputes, for the 
Kizilbache^, greatly exasperated 
his Afghan subjects : a spirit of 
discontent pervaded llieir niiiKls, 
already top well accustomed to re- 
bellions and revolution. 

The defection augmented daily, 
causedi in a gre^t pleasure, by 
the impohtic measures adopted by 
the governraeut \ and, vvher> it ai;- 
rived at nriaturhy, thq malcontei>ts , 
form[ed the bold design of depqsiu^ , 
the fchig. The coaspiraqy was 
conducted with so much address 
and secresy, tliat no one ev<^i 
suspected' it till the moment it was, 
put Into execution. The revolters 
wanted nothing but a feadpr, 
which was found in tliq person q{ 
bhaw^atlc ' Chdah-ul-mulq, ' bro- 
•'•^": '-■' ^^ ' ther 



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BENGAL OCCURRENCES FOR APRIL, 18041 



ther to Zemaun Shaw^ and one 
of his most faithful partisans. It 
Mas supposed that he had taken 
retuge in India on the usurpation 
of Mahmood Shaw ; however, on 
diligent search being made for 
him, he was dLsco\ered and intro- 
duced, ino(3gnito, into CabuL The 
conspirators now discovered their 
daring designs, seized on Mahraood 
Shaw, whom they deposed, blinded, 
and confined in the Bella Kissar of 
the fortress of Cabul, (where he 
had imprisoned Zemaun Shaw) 
and declared Shaw Zadc Chejah- 
ul-mulq, king of the Afghans. 
By subsequent advices from Per- 
sia, it appears, that the cause of 
the conspirators had been sup- 
ported bytbe Kilidge-zey , a powerful' 
tribe of Afghans 3 and that Chejah- 
u!-mulq had abdicated the throne, 
upon which he had been thus so 
abruptly placed, in favor of his 
elder brother Zemaun Shaw, of- 
fering however to serve him as re- 
gent on account of the latter s 
blindness. Shaw Zade Kaniran, 
son to Malin\ood Shaw, and gover- 
nor of Candahar, collected treasure' 
and troops to march to the as- 
sistance of his father in Cabul j 
bm his enterprise failing, in conse- 
quence of the latter' s deposition 
and captivity, he resolved to fortify 
himsell' in the strong city of Can- 
dohar. Shaw Zadt^ Phirouz-ud- 
din, brother to Mahmood Shaw, 
and governor of Heraul, has de- 
clared himself independant of all 
jxirties, and lawful king of Cabul. 
He has caused himself to . be 
crowned, find^^mpn^y struck in his 
imrae. 

Such is the present state of Af- 
ghanistan, according to the most 
veri4ical (though indirect) accountsj 
thaf is to say, according to the 
n6ws which we receive from Per- 
fcia and Corassan. The three prin- 

t 



117 

cipal cities of Afghanistan hav« 
declared themselves independent 
states. The roads are impad^- 
ble. Anarchy reigns uncontroqled 
throughout the kingdom. The r^* 
suit cannot be known till intelli- 
gence arrives direct from Cabul, 
Candahar, or from Heraut, whici^ 
may, however, be daily expected. 

Particular Account of the Loss qf 
the Ship Ann, 
April 19, 1804, at 11 P, M. thft 
seacunny of the watch, called out 
that he saw the land, and. before 
any body else could distinguish, it 
being very dark -, saw the appear- 
ance of breakers a-head ; put the 
helm immediately for the purpose 
of bringing her head to the west- 
ward j but, before it could be ef- 
fected, the ship struck on a reef 
of rocks, sand, and stones. Furled 
all the sails, to prevent her going 
fiirther on the reefj hoisted out 
the boats, and run the stream ao* 
chor out to the north, to keep her 
from forging a-head on the reef; 
sounded a stem of the ship, and 
found the deepest water to the N. 
N. W. carried the small bower an- 
chor out in a N. N. W. direction, 
and let it go in four fatiioms rock, 
sand, and stones; hove a great 
strain on the siiiall bower, and, 
finding she did not go off, left off 
heaving, and sent the people be- 
low to Iieave out the stones, and 
stave the salt-water casks forward. 
At 12, the appearance of a. sqvudl 
from tlie southward ; loosed all the! 
sails, and hoisted them.' At half t 
past twelve, a heavy squall frorn 
the southward^ accompat)ied with 
heavy minj J^ove all aback, and 
kept heaving a great strain on the • 
small 4Mxw^r, but without 1. effect. > 
Sent the people beloiw .again. for 1 
the purpose, <)f be^viag ;,up. thd'* 
stones, and, at half past one, having 
H 3 lightened 



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118 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 180*. 



lightened her considerably* bove 
again a strain on the sraali bower, 
but, vinfortunately, with no better 
effect. The people were again or- 
dejced below to hei^ve out what 
stjones remained, but, instead of 
attend'mg to their duty, and ex- 
erting themselves, and doing what 
wae necesssary for the preservation 
of the ship, many of them began 
tq plunder what they could lay 
their hands on, saying, th^t tliere 
wa» no danger, the land being very 
near. At three, hove again on the 
small bower, but, without etfect i 
employed in piufnping out llie 
stjarted water. At tour, the guui>er 
reported four feet water in tlie 
hold J still continued to heave, 
and, at day-light^ xh» water bad 
gained on the pumps to eight and a 
half feet. A heavy swell then setf 
tiog-in, die ship began to strike 
very hard, and observed several 
large pieces of sheathing, and other . 
parts of her bottom, come up along 
side* At five, the rudder un- 
shipped and carried away the great- 
est part of the stern and, aiove in 
the counter on the st:irboard side -, 
tl^e water being within ooe foot of 
tlie tween decks. At half past iive, 
the J-hip being bilged, she fell over. 
on her siarbi aid beam-ends. Find- 
ing thai. Ucihing further could be 
done for the t>alcty ot uie tihip, left 
off pumping. The captain then 
ordered the syrang and iascar."* to 
get the masts and sails in the 
boats i also, some rice and water 
for tlie. people, which they re- 
fused to do, saying, there was plenty 
oa titel^lmxi, aiul began to plunder 
the. grewt- cabin anLt'lhe oiiicers' 
chests' nnd trunks. During which 
tiraej the captain being beiow, for 
the purpose of securiuig hiii papers,, 
he.h^ard one oi jthe lascars raying 
tQfjome of tho^e that refused to 



get the provision m the boat» ti^at 
when we got on the island, they 
would take tlie first opportunity a( 
killing the captain, officers and sea*' 
cunnies, seizing the boats, and 
going to the Malabar coast. . 

In consequence of which, tfce? 
captain was resolved to quit tto 
wreck as soon as possible, wilh aj« 
many of the other party as th© 
boat could conveniently carry ; and 
to leave the pinnace for the r«$t^ 
with instructions to follow us* 
During this tinoe, the seacunnics 
had got the long bont*s masts and* 
sails in, with a small quantity of 
water and biscuit ; and at scv'ear, 
after consulting with the officers of 
the ship, who were of an opinion 
that noUiiug iundier could be done, 
quitted the wreck in the* kng^ 
boat, with the following people^ 
for the purpose of making tfte best 
of our way to the Malabar coast ; 
at tlie same tune the pimiaceleft 
the wrecki but was soon out Df 
sight. When we quitted .the wreck, 
she was. lying on lier starbpasd 
beam etuis, and nearly full of 
water. 

The following is a list of the 
people saved in the long-boat. • 
1 i)omas Knight, conunandev. / 
J. Weatheiall, pilot fbr the Red* 
Sea» > >. 

Edward Greaves, second officer^r 
John Lunardy, Gunner. • v-i . . ' ' 
Four seacminies, and aixosativer.*. 
On the following, morning^. at««|t: 
the Anne had got on afaorcj tfaO' 
bearings were taken* The cadt-^' 
tremca ot the reef bore frank jSu:W J ^ 
to K. N. la. The jBoatbernmqRt c£ 
the Souhelepar islands di stall balKatt?: 
six le^agoes^and fiiDm thie nsilh^'^ 
crnnnost,aU>ut four tar. fine/ .Tbef- 
exueiue, iengih of .the tee^ seems.' 
about tea ior ti^'pive niiles^ dt ci 



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BEWGAL OC(?0«RfeMCE&' l?Oll APRHv 1804. if J 



Sktcfsi^l Progred o/ the Cdw- ■ 
Pox. 

ft IS with high gratificjrtioD we 
learn, that the vaccine inocii4a- 
tibn has been tliccessfliliy intro- 
duced and e^AbitfshM ar ijie Cape 
<if Good Hope* through the nhoans 
oft Pbrtugtfeife'MWp, larflwd tnmiY 
Mosrtnbiqiv^. The inhflfeifrHit5,'had 
oaiVcreally adopted H^cki*tibn, aftd' 
htd made the whole ot tltfe slaves 
undefgo the operadon. So rflartk- 
fal were they indeed ibr this hW.<- 
siBg, that the goverftmeiit th^e 
hMpinnsittedthe Portugntse vefe5»d 
toproeecute her vojagts notwlth- 
itanding the strictness of her em- 
btego. 

Unparalleled Btgfbarity. 
AmnHg ike ordinary rthirds of 
^eeUane&ms occutrtncds, it ha^ 
ttldm^ ftdUn to our lot to detail 
turn 9f a TM^Te 4fifiidncholy' «o- 
'#ifrpy €T exhibiting more con-' 
*famed symptmns of bdrfjitHstn 
k^ddepfkBi»ryythan the follmt*' 
hg tteeount' of a mtti-d&r and 
^raptf^ wbkch u>9 understand to' 
hive taien place in the city of 
Surttt, irw the monih of F^hruary 
last. 

Aboat niae o'clock on the night 
of the ^plh of; that irronth, ft re- 
pot was made to the judge and 
magistrate^- by a person named 
Shnnker Hemra^ Battia, a ' toiaty, 
or 'weighnKin, that hii daughter, 
DewaUcj, a beauuftaJ young girt, 
betlreen tto and eleten )'ear& old, 
whom kkk mother had sent into 
tbef/Boaar in the afternoon^ had 
Dot 'appcaf«d'«]ice> that ev<^ry ef- 
fect lad' beeii> used by her relatives 
tO'ltrace ber, but without avail. 
At the time she left the house, she 
hadi OB gold and Btv^r omaiuent^^ 
to the amdudti'of upwaKlsiof one 
hbddnsd ^d fifty rupees: and as 
it seemed^ from the testimony of 
ker father and mother^ that her 

t H 



etcurBk)ns seldmmeflBtemifecr beyond ' 
a small dtetance fpom hrtme, tifie 
ji^^ and ma^^trate, witli his ac* 
cnsTTHTied vigilance, owlbred the 
serirch to be r^ened* by sdhiejof 
t(re orfioers ot the cOtJM, inland 
abddt th^t neighhoiirhortd. StH^; 
kfrPet^r, no tidhig^ were had ck 
the^'tinfortoniite^ girl, nntil the 2tf 
of jWhrch, wf^en her b*^dy wa^ 
f(Hmd noised arid ftf&fiorjied, .in* a ' 
ditch, itear the Mt'ccft yftfto : ai»d, 
frtm the report of the sUrgrvm, 
who was immedi&t<*iy deputed to 
exdmine it, it c/j'ild not hnve be^n 
many hours sinc6 siie wa* mur- 
dered As the body was desjioiled' 
of the ornaments, the only hope 
of discovering the perpetrators of 
the atrocious murder, was, through 
the means of those jewels and 
the clothes which she had worn 5 
and, accordingly, a warrant was 
issued to search all ll>e houses in 
the neighbourhood, which search 
however was not attended with 
any saiisfactoiy result. The next 
expedient resorted to, was the 
ofter of a reward of five hundred 
rupees, to any person who should 
gire such information, that the 
oflender or offenders might be 
prosecuted to conviction. In the 
interim however, there was one* 
house in the neighbourhood wliich 
most attracted susjVicion. It be- 
longed to three brothers, Mnhome- • 
dans, who dwelt there with their 
fanrlflies ; ^he two elder were men ; 
of sober habits, but the character : 
of the youngest, named Jumniaul, ' 
was notoriously profligate. • ' 

On the ? 1th of March some hopea ^ 
were entertained of a deveiopcv 
menr of thitf horrid catastrophe; - 
from the unexpected appearance of • 
the deceased's petti(X)at/ wliich, in' 
drawing watei^from a well,' a Par* 
see hm brought up with his pot, * 
and upon being shewn to tlie fa- 
ther of the girl, was recognized by 
4 him. 



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fmn. The boy and hit. im)ther 
urere put tinder a strict eiamiDa- 
tion, but nothing appearing to cri- 
minate them, they were thortJy 
released. • • 

Thus matters remained in<la»k 
and impenetrable mystery until the 
TOth of Aprils the interval was, 
however, employed in every means 
fffakh human judgment or fbtelight 
could anticipate, as aifoniing a pro- 
bability of some dbcovery* On 
that day a widow woman, named 
Chandboo, gave information to 
some of the native officers of the 
8urat adaulet, ^' that one.Fysun 
Boo> who lived behind JummauKs 
house, had toH her, that on the 
evening when the Bhatia's daugh- 
ter was lost, she had seen Jummaul, 
and a person naiued Umole, take 
her in at the back door, as she was 
returning from the ditch, where 
she h«d been performing some of 
the oflices of nature, and two nights 
after carry out her body and throw it 
into the same place." 

The persons before whom Chand- 
boo had given information, were 
accordingly deputed.to examine Fy- 
2un JBoo, (the person from whom 
it had l^een derived) and she ac- 
coixlingly confirmed having herself 
seen Jummaul take the girl in aiive, 
and two nights afterwards carry 
her out dead f relating also ciixura- 
stances, which, when added - to 
the well-known flagitious character 
which Jummaul bore, tended coqsi- 
derably to enhance the suspicion 
againBt him }^ an ofi&cer of the 
adaukt; witb a requisite number 
of constables, was accordingly sent 
toJummauls house, with directions 
to make ^very peraon in it prison- 
trs. On the morning of dteasd 
^ April, Jtuninaui ^as bnDogbl to 
fha Adaulet r also: a dandnr girl 
who Jived w^ him,^^ nainc^d IJmoIe; 
a slave girl, a companion of her's. 



named L^b, aboy wholbndvBtt 
Junoonuias a servant, nadiedDdk- 
wur, and a firiend, aamed Abdiil 
fiehman; shortly alter the7 had 
been in the admiiet^ Ujul»^ '^aAo 
i«as tbe companioD of the ^aiuang 
gid, declaned '* ifaat ihe hid goqp. 
to the wijodoWi to throw away some 
prawn jtluns^ and saw Jummaol take 
the deceased in at bis back door, 
and carojr her up stairs into. bis 
apartOMQt, that at nlghthe todk btr 
into aroQm.beibwaod oommitteda 
rape upon ber; for .she (theinibna- 
ant) heard her criesy ^three^d^s 
.after the mucdor of the.gid^ she 
^ w Zenub» the mother of J ummand» 
bury the jewels of the deceaaed un- 
der a che&t/'---.Umole, the danc- 
ing girJi, also dedared^.'f That Jnm- 
maiii h^ taken the.fiattia's dan^^ 
ter into bm bouse, and bad .gmn 
her four pke Wflrth of an mtct&ioat- 
ingelecmary^ calked maJQani>atxi 
afteswaods jcaiaied .her^intO' an- 
othec.aportment}. jthat the next 
night Jummaul strangled the girl, 
stripped taff her jewels, and >gave 
them to bis. mother JZennb; that 
Jummaul tben tied tbe body on bis 
back,, and covering ft witbn qntlt, 
went with Abdul .Hehman^ : aiui 
Delowar, and tbivw it intoa ditch ; 
that seyeo. nightD sdterMtards Dela* 
war. took the girre pettiooat».w^cb 
bad baea concealed in difiomit 
places, and fiupg it intothei-frall.** 
Delowar ideckn^ when in^eniv 
gated, t< Tba t on^ the n^htief ithe 
lo<B.of Dewalie^v (thexlBceaml);be 
healed the wpman of che .&mily, 
and inmrnaul'S. brodser,. ttttidn^ of 
bis bavh^ brot^t th^ ^Untek^bb 
hpuw,. that he ^w her tbeiei next 
mornmg, sitting on . a ^ cbeeti ^and 
that ^e'folioiving oigbt^jHmitlaul 
prepared a< covd to strange 3)ec^:find 
seiuhi|:n (die informiBib)ouiit<^buy 
beecbout ^ ^ th^ wben- be jretvtmed 
he saw the girl lying dsadj^«Dd^e- 

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^ 



^Uwity^ftctvJBiniWHiljtHtiihltfiiwfcl 

-AbifiA.fiiefanKn^ ^ed theibod]pLto 

^ dwn shmildeTs^ and setting bis 

^nditfidtbe iafbnsiant ta Tvatdli« 

ttturied it out and flung it into tfae 

^ditdk *y and teven nights afterwaRis 

gvpeliiinthe ronrdeccd girls pet^- 

coits to throw into the inreU." ^ 

> i Abdtri Rehman adnaiuod, '*^Th^t 

he had teen «o Jumnaaolfsiiouse the 

raeoond raght aficer the toss of the 

Bhik^s daughter^ and.fettod' Jfuin- 

utsaA at die do^, widv the tx>df on 

-hh^.tack; tbat he and I>ekmi' 

'Heent wftb him to the ditch, where 

he (tang the body down^ they then 

att retutoed to JarnmaaTs houae^ 

and ^tOBGoilfSther^ h^, Abdul Reh- 

men^ imnt hometti^hls o«ta boua^." 

:£ctrok, Iht motfaerof Juhaomidydis- 

aiovedati ItnotirkdgeJ dt the ok- 

CQsistaiic^^ bot;.8]diaMln^'a fiisive 

of Juinmaol*seldctt JvcftheVi con- 

. finned tfae ckomnatanees t«f the 

dead hodjIieini^cavraedaiidthTdwn 

into the ditch, and the pettiooat 

imo^wcdli . 

.ODth9>34tfa Q^ AfHTi), Unack, 
the, dawihg gif U ofoed i to point 

: aepoidibgly Benl: to the facusei with 
her aodjlJjUb,. abd/at tjbeir indica- 
tion imioghc 4wa^ ftwo.covds, one 
! of iwhich ^waa focuvJabove«taif$ in 
. th&iX)oiDsah^reJnniBBiaulalept,and 
.aDQther.una xaom^below.^ JJpon 
impectioii it ^peamd>. that the 
- npe bnmght fromj Jiiinmauirs bed- 
iidnnthad aknotin it^iContahnng a- 
jUMa^tkalk^ the i^ady- fiAd in an-' 
> Ibtiier :pU(^ a rdnge/of »biood ; >and 
t UflaJdlepoiBnedt itout.ras t|ie. fatal 
^ istnng "wi th whwdi tbeprl had been 
)/ atxangled.'! The nidni^xdsiaigebn, 
.i-'wbG^ad.^an.opportDfiit^ of seeing 
'';:tins:iCk>rd!^ ooaudeiisd 3t> as ccffres< 
^ TpooAog vith ' the. bnme' va the 
' neck of the gtiiiiand:tt slight woend^ 
u Mof :dieilesbr.i^iitiiiihe;haHliob6en'ed 
;:ipcaepart' '■■'•■.' ^^''- '-'-^^ ^'^''' ''•• • 



conApanioBof UnH>lei %a$ aeiect^ 
as 4te penen lc9»t Uhely/of the 
ivhole ^mtW tp have an interest in 
siippn^ssing^what she knewjj and 
hdpo^ biwng held ©wt ^ hey of ex- 
^^i^enoing TclemoiMy herselC) i^an 
ccMiditio»iJbat she unrcservedlj dis- 
closed aUrftho knew of this dire <^- 
ta$tR}phe> the* after some hesM^- 
tion, aro^ivAd bar con6deiK:e ia that 
et)courageniesit> and related^ '^that 
on the (ky when the fihatia'f daugh- 
ter dirappeared, the girji canoe into 
lhe> neighbmuisood, at five o^clock 
topttrohaeesoniecottoa^ andwesnt 
on: a fieoes$aTy oocaiicai to the ditchj 
ftom whence the retBmejd to acot^ 
ton teUim fhopy dose to Junaoiaul's 
boaae i and hf his desire^ Utaole 
got htfinto the back door, upon 
the temptatkm of giving her swecft- 
fiOMts ; -that the iiibrittant saw this 
aa 9be went to the window io 
thitew ovtsome prawn dunai Jom- 
naauJ cartred the ^rl up stairs^-dod 
seated her upon a cbest» while he 
we0t out and bought foui ' pice 
worth of majoon, which, under 
the deceit of its being iweetmeatt^ 
ha gavethe girl to eat ; wlien the girl 
was completely stupified> Jummaul 
took her up in hifl arms, a|id carried 
her into a roon% bek>w» wbenee, 
about nine o'clock, the inforniant 
heaid the gjib lamentable aqes, as 
Juaunaulwaaforclblyfavidm)ghen 
-whezl l^isad aoeompLifihed bis,pur- 
pose.he came up stairs; The next 
day Jfflnmaul ofaierved to the whole 
house, namely t his another Zc* 
nub^ Im IvQlhert, Mahon96dii<9eand 
Fudnoo* their wives ^akeem^^nd 
Kvu«ena> iiiaaisier GhandJ)$^3!ee, 
his wife /Ifajee, UsQeteiaah^e* 
Dfiedtioned^ Sinbmofa ; &' siave^rl, 
Dtlawur, AbduiBeem4f)A]MiPivan 
his fibwe^ and to tbeiKferkoanlwi^at 
to kk^ thergifl lod^ tf vfl,. )SMl in 

the 



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the boisw, unmld briog OB dlfgrfife, 
mid therefore it would be.edvt9eahl» 
at night to strangle her. At midr 
night) thareibre, iaprepeoce^ all 
the above-mentioned i^eraons, while 
Delawur held the girls feet, and 
Abdul JKehnian her head* iummgol 
put a noose round her neck and 
tightened it^ till ihe girl» after con- 
vulsii^ ibr about ten minutes^ ex* 
pired. Umole then look off the 
ornaments from tl)e eara, nose> 
arm6> and legs of Uie body j and 
those of the neck Jummaul himsetf 
took off, and tying them ail up in 
a handkerchief, delivered them to 
UnK)le, and she put them toto a 
chestf after this Jommaal liedher oa 
his sitoidders^ and covering him^ 
adf with a quilt, went> in oomi- 
pany with Abdul I^hx9an> Sdi^* 
man, and Delawar, aiid &aag it 
into the di|ch, aqd they then m* 
turned liome/' 

In addition -to thepcecei^g par* 
ticulars, which we have detailed 
with as much accuracy as circum- 
staooes would admit, there are 
many others forcibly corroborative 
of. the d^pEiees of guilt kt which 
ttie several parties were inaplioated, 
iiL respect to this unp^cedented act 
of barbarity ; but we imagine suf- 
ficieat has already been advanced 
to appal the very ieelings of hu- 
manity. We shall, therefore, for 
the present, dismiss so melancholy 
a subject, in the hope of being 
able to follow ii up hereafter, by 
anaouncing that all the parties who 
bore a share in this vile and infa* 
mous transaction, have sufiened- 
tiiat exemplary punishment, which 
the horrid enormity of their offeocea 
so justi^ exposes them to. 



MADRAS 

Occurrences for April, 1804. 

Circuvis'tanliat Adount of His Ma- 
ji'< 'ys Sip PoTpoUe and Cato, 

Captain FJiuders, late cqjiu-, 
mander of his Majc'sty^s sloop In-, 
vestuiUor, and Ivlr. Park, coinr 
mander of the bliip Cato, arrived 
at the go\ ernmeiu house, at half 
past three o'clock in the afterooo|i 
of the 8lh instant, with the follow-, 
ing disagreeable intelligence, as , 
copiinnnlcated in the following let- 
ter to his Excel:ciu7. 

Sidnev, New South Wales, 
Sir, ' Sept. Pth, rSOrt. 

*'• 1 hAve to inform ytTu of mv 
arriva) here y^terday, in a six-oatiett 
cotter, belonging to hi^ Majesty's 
armed ve*el Porpoise, commanded 
by LieutenatttFo^^rter 5 whitft ^^ 
I am sorry to state to y«ftir Excel- 
lency, I left <9a #iore upon a eor af 
reef, ^idieot atry prospect rf bef 
beh^ saved, in lat. Ifl. 11 snoath, 
and long. 155. 13 east, bdrig 10BS 
Doies to the N. 3« degrees*E. •m>m 
Sand^Cajtej aikl 729 miles frotW' 
th!^ port. Tlie ship G&to, whiWi* 
was in company, is entirely lost 
upon the same reef^ and bre^^ to 
pieces without any thing' having 
been aaviffd from her 5 but thd 
crew, with the esceptfen of thtiee, 
ai«, with the whc4e of the officers', 
crew, and passengers of the Por- 
poise, upon a snsail sand bank near 
the wrccfc, with sufficient piy)vi- 
sions and water, set*ved from lh§ 
PcHpoisa, Id subsist the wlkrfe, 
amounting to eighty men, ibr three 
months. 

" Accompanied by the coni- 
mander of the Cato, Mr. J6hn 
Parlp, and twelve men, I left th^ 
wreck reef in the cutter with'tbiW 
weeks 'provisions on Friday, 2Wh 
of August, in the morning, arid aa 
the 28ih in the evening, made the 

land 



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j^IADRAS OCCUEEENCES FOK APBIL, 18C4. 



12d 



land near Indian bead ^.from whence 
I kept the coast on board to this 
place. 

" 1 cannot state the extent of 
wreck reef to the eastward, but a 
bank Is visible in that direction, six 
or seven miles from the wrecks. 
In a \i-est direction we rowed along 
the reef twelve miles, but saw 
no other dangers in the passage to- 
wards Sandy Cape. There are se- 
veral passages through the reef, and 
anchorage in from 1 5 to 22 fathoms, 
upon a sandy bottom ; the flagstaff 
upon -wreck rtQt' bank^ bearing 
S, E. to S. S. W. distant from three 
qusMTters to one and a quarter mile. 

" After the above statement, it 
is nopQcessaiy ^v me to makeapi* 
pUcaUon u> your KxcelUnscy to fiu*« 
njih me with the mefSM of relieving 
tbecrews of the two sh^ fron the 
precsadouB situatioQ in which tbejr 
zsfi placed> since your hiimanity and 
foanei unremitting atlentico to the 
Investigator and Porpoise» aiie scu^ 
ties, that the eariiest and most effec- 
tual meam will be takei^, either to 
bring them to this ppf t> or to send 
them and myself onwards towards 
Esgiaod. 

** I enclose to youi iBscelleDcy 
a letter tixvxi Lieuteii0nt Fbwkc 
upon theoccauon ; and as be refers 
to m^ for the psuriiculara of the 
wxficki an accouut id^ereof is also 
inplo^. 

yj think it, proper to notice to 
you? Excellency, thjit the. great ex^ 
ertion^ of Li«ut. Fowfer and his 
' oij^rs^ and ship's company, as 
w^il as the passengers ijeiongtng to 
the fuvestigator, in saving his Wa- 
je^ij's stores, imve been very praise 
woiiby J and I judge that the pre- 
cautioos.that were taken* will eK- 
on^^te ilie commander oi'the Por* 
pojsB fj-om the blame tliatmigl^t 
otjifiTw^ be attached to the loss of 
hk MajQ&^y^s «iined veaaeL 



** I haive the honour to be» 
your ExoelleDcy's <^)edieiit hunw 
ble serVtant, 

MATHEW FLINDERS. 

Account of the loss of his M(^€sty\i 
armed vessd Porpoise, and the 
Cato, upon the wreck rerf. 
The Porpoise, with the hon. 
cempaoy's extra ship, firidgewater^ 
and the ship Cato in company^ on 
the 17th of August kst, at two in 
the afteinOOTi, iell in with a sand 
bstnk to about 28:7 South latitude 
and 155.26 East longitude, and 
157 miles N. 51 E. from Salidf 
Cape on the coast of New South 
Wales. Tiiis bank being two dav 
grees east of the situatioa where 
the Eliza whaler found the reeHi 
lying off the coast to terminate, it 
was thought to be such a detached 
bask as some others seen hy lieut. 
Ball and Mr. Bampton> which lid 
mtidi &rther over towaids the end 
of New Caledonia, and no thot^t 
of meeting with any more was en-» 
tertained, especially as the Inves-* 
tigator had beiore steered for the 
I'orres Straits firpm reefs seveml 
degrees farther to the west, with-* 
out interruption. 

The stgoal being made to keep 
under easy working sail daring the 
night, and a warrant officer being 
placed at the look-out on board the 
P(»*poise, the ships steered N.N.W, 
on their course, with a fresh breeze 
from the B. S. E. the Bridgewater 
being on the starboard quarter, and 
the Cato on the larboard quarter of 
the leading ship. At eight o^ cloclc 
the Porpoise sounded with 35 ft* 
thorns, DO ground. At halfptu^ 
nine, breakers were seen a^head, 
and the Porpoise's helm was put 
down, in order to tack from them^ 
but the furesaji being hauled up to 
keep the other ships in sight, she 
was then under thrte double-reefed 

top- 



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• A6MTIG ANNUAL REGJSTEtt, 18(W. 



tppsatls^ and onlj came op head to 
wind : in paying oft' agstn fbs 
struck upon the coral reei' which 
occasioned the breakers. A gun 
was attempted to be fired to warn 
llic other ships, but owing to the 
confusion and the spray that was 
flying over, it could uOt be acconi* 
piidbedj aod betoie lights were 
V^y the 6i:idgewaler and Cato had 
hauled to the wind on diiierent 
tocks acfosji each other. The two 
ships QcicMt have touched and gone 
00 the reef together, had n»t the 
commander of the latter ship stop» 
pedi aettmg his mainsaiJ^ and bore 
away to let the Bridgewatev go td 
windward, by which means she 
dearod the breakcfs, asd stood oa 
the southward, bnt the Gatontis* 
sing stays for the want of her main- 
sttl, when she afterwaids trod "to 
tack, struck upon the reef about 
two cables length of the Porpoise 

The Porpoise heeksd on upon the 
reef> and tey upon her broadside, 
so that the suds fiew o¥er, but did 
not iill her : her foremast went 
very soon, bat the other masts 
stood tall they were cut away. The 
(kto unfortunately took Ihe joppo* 
site inclteatton,and the sea breaking 
furiously in upon her decks, tore 
them up, and every thing withhf 
the skip, almost imtnediately, leav- 
ing the crew no place wiiere they 
could prevent theiniielves irrom 
being washed off by the seas hot 
the inner fi>re-chains, where they 
chutg allxaght witJutfaeh: e^ betit 
to the S. W. sfterthe fBrei^watef , 
andwaithaganxwusiyfbrdi^break:, '- 
when they oonddeo^y hoprd that 
the. boats of that ship, would come 
to their relief 

J^nhmir after .theiPof^pabe had 
struck, a small gig.dnd a-sk^eared 
cutter wfem got'dm to. leewaiid, 
bq( thftintter i^.stQve^eBd£uliii£' 
w^censA Obserung that the break* 



ing water did not extend inr dis- 
tance to leeward, capt. KiiDderv 
spoke to Heut. Fo%vler, the com-' 
mander cff the ship, and told htm 
of his intention to get the charts and 
log books of the Investigator^i 
voyage into the small boat, and ^t 
on board the Bridgewate!", tlvii 
with her heats he might be abltr to 
get the people out of the ship a* 
soon as possible. Ihis was a^serit&d 
to, and with six men and two oars, 
he got tlirough the surf wiihowt 
being swamped, though nearly iutt 
of water. The smootli waiter was 
found to be upon a coral reef, ahd 
just deep enough to float the bd*t. 
After rowing for a short tiitie to- 
wards the Bridge<water, c^apttiiti 
Flinders ssw thaft unless «he tacked 
it was impossible for them to come' 
near her ^ and itt her light shewcai 
her to be standing on^ he deter-* 
nnsed to get back to the wred^^ 
leaving his charts «fid bdoks m the 
boat; bat the surf Mi to<) high fer 
this to: be done in the night, aiid 
therefore he kept rowite gebtiy 
under the Ice of the bredfcrs, and 
the ouner^^leh had by (h%i timb 
got her leak partly stopped aiid 
shoved off, he also deiiPrtt to keep 
penr the ship tHl naorrting. 

Several blue lights were bomt 
on board the Pbrpois^ dining the 
nighty and some on b^rd the 
Brikigew^er answered them by 
shewing 'alight, whihlt others took 
it to be oflly ff'getieral lightK'hicti * 
was 9liU-vlsiblet it was kist se«»ei ' 
abottfitj^oifrthemorniwg. '^ 

Araitwa^ pre^ttured dtmng*th*5 ; 
nitjhtv-'leW the fihip- might -go' to 
pieces.^ alid' at driy bn&tfk ^t^^ptain- ' 
Fl»dereght ott b^fd b^F hfelp ef ^ 
therfhlkfi ttidsti. A dry'i>^tid bd^tk 
wstfa&bws^vfi neav'th^ w^dk> stlf^' ' 
ficientib Ve<*Jlve ^^imity^body,Urid 
ail' the ! provilwAs' ^ahd' st^retf^ tha^ 
might be saved out of the ship ; and 

they 



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125 



(key bad ibe still further sat'nfao 
lioii to see the Bridgewater standing 
ttwards them. E\ery body was 
;ww set to work to get out the pr»- 
fisioDsaDd water to be landed on 
the sand bank^ wJaere capta Flinders 
we&t with: the sinall boat^ in order 
to go off to the Bridgewater as aoon 
as she came near, to point out 
to c«|)taiu FatmeflT^ the shelter to 
leeward, where he might safely 
lake every body on board, -Oith 
wliat ^se might be saved. On 
im4iog at the bank/ lie l)Qii>ted up 
two handkerchief to a tali oar, 
but about ten o'clock it appeared 
that the ship had goiae upoa tiie 
other tack, not beitig able, pro- 
bably^ to weather ti)e reef» and dbe 
w^|KK aeen any awre during the 
day. WlicUier the Bridge water 
saw the w^reck orjthe bank^ eapnot 
be certainly known> but her 
coor«e$, if flot thelmH, were vbtble 
fsom both'thie 8h^>»^ 

A«!the tide iell the people of the 
Cato quitted her» And got through 
tbe«<rf tothe PorpKHBe's«tnaUboat, 
wliiph waited wkhin to^ receive 
thcmi Bod at low water> which' 
happeiied about two, o'clocki the 
rett was dry very near .to the latter 
ship, and e\ery .peiwn waa em* 
pk^ed in getciagiproviMons^ water, 
aad their i^:k)the6> . upon 'Ihe reef, 
from whence they wer^ taken to 
th(^<baHk. by the boatd, for roosod 
tlie biuik (he watevMs deeper^ Be** 
fbpedark^ 6ye . half hognheada of 
vai^.werelan^kd^ alsQJoitoQ,fionr, 
nk meat, rioej and s{Oirtt$/ besides 
pig^and^ftheep^ .and jeveiy person 
li9dgotoi».«h€re with^4fine ne0(»- 
sari^ :^e!tber m\k the Qato*s p^o* 
pk. , jhiese*. lan^had kft .'th^ir ship 
n^M, bnti)av§ng golon.boafdtlw 
?<jpol90* Mr. Fowkr had dotirad 
foQr lor ^*eMicUi«utenant* ^umfonna, 
aad fon^fpcomottont. of .a timilar 



kmd had taken place attion^^ha 
ferpoise'« seatnen. 

Those who had s<{ved gtcat'Coatt 
er blankeu sharing with those who 
bad noncy • they lay down to ileep 
with eome little comfort : except a 
few of the Cato s men, who wer# 
bruised on the reef, there was Hd^ 
complaining heard upon the bank. ' • 

The three boats of the Porpoise 
were hauled up at night under the 
lee side of the bank, but the small 
boat not having been property se- 
secured was carried away by the 
tide. 

Ai thAewas no hope of saving 
the Porpoise/ the tide by this time 
flowing in and out of herf on the 
l^h, in the tnomK^, ctiptoin Flin-^ 
ders thought poiier to-do aU'ay the 
circumstance of his being a pas^n* 
ger, and took the command of the 
whole parly. He divided the Cato*s 
people, wno had saved nothiiif, 
amongst the Porpoise's iDen,^uar- 
teringthem m messes, in the:ppa»* 
portion of one to three) aod thea 
lient. Fowler, with a large wor]&- 
ing party m the two cotters; weat 
off to the ship* The Catobad gone 
to pieces during the naght, and one 
of her quar^era had floated in upon 
the reef, but nothing of her cargo 
or stores remain^ with it. 

During thitf and the fblkwiogdY 
the wind cootimiied to blow Ixtm 
from ^e •outh-6aat,and theBridge^ 
water sot coming in sSgbt, it was 
supposed that caplaiD Palmer was 
beating to witidwaid waituig 'for 
flntt weather to relieve the unfoT'* 
tiuiBte people with more nfetf to 
hhmelf^ but the 2Cst and a2d 
being &se days, with ' niodefate 
winds, and no appearaooO' o£ 'the 
slop, it •mode them akaostfivetip 
hopes •of«eeiiii{g iter mom* - '* i 

They ot)nt)t)ii«i to woric hard Km 
board the wfieok,^aQdgotpft)Vifibn8^ 

' ,u '■. '.' :. ■ ,.•*- ■ • " Jwatftir,'. 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL Ri«ISTE!t, 1804. 



^n^ter, aailt, and many odier «tores, 
vpeo the baiik^ during the above- 
mentionad four days ) hut all hopes 
o( seeing the Bridgewater having 
then vanished, captain Flindw) 
called together the principal offi^ 
cers to consult upon the steps pro«- 
per to be taken for transpordug ihi^ 
two ship*8 crews and passengers to 
aome frequented port. 

The plan that met with generai 
approbation was as follows : 

That the largest cutter should 
have a light hatch deck laid over 
her, and that captain Flinders and 
Mr. Park, commander of *thc Cato, 
should proceed in her to Port Jack- 
son, and either procure from his 
excellency the governor, sutiicient 
colonial vessels to carry ever)' body 
hack to Port Jackson, or otherwise 
to hare a ship for the purpose; or to 
carry them on to India, from 
wfattKMr pAssapes. ought be procnmed 
to Ikiirope. But lest an accifjbot 
«hould:happ^n to the cutter, that 
• amalt v(?S6el> sutficieot.to^arry all 
but one boat's crew^ should im- 
mediately be laid ^own by the car- 
penters, ta be bttiltfrom what might 
be saved from the wreck, and that 
this vessel. should in two menths 
paoceed^ JV)rt JackaGii«.or!as«ooo 
after as sbtt is ready. 

The sottU cutter, captain Flin- 
ders proposed siiouid remain .with 
the stores ibr ft lew weeks lea^p, 
if the provtsioQi would ackxrit^'it, 
and then ^hec togo to .Port Jack- 
son alsoK ^ oo colonial ,or other 
vesaci ikoM arrive be^iorer that 
thne. 0»coDsuHingwitk ;tke«ar4 
peoter of :the Investigator^ about 
the possibility of buildieg.^iich a 
fBSsd^ and the- time it . xnsght re* 
quicB^ he gam hia opittoiHhat t\Mo 
boats sulBeieiil to catty vthoipeople 
would be! sooner built, rmd pediaps 
answer the purpose aa well ; and 
this, aeeraiag to be the general 



ophiion, it yras adopte3 by ^>com- 
mander. 

By the evening of the 2Sd the 
whole of the watrir, and ahnost Ae 
whole of the^ provisions were land- 
ed on &< bank, andtheir stock wtn 
now found to consist of the fbllow- 
ing tjtiairtiiies and proportions 'ibr 
94, men at fbll allowance. 
Biscuit <ioe pounds, Fkmr 0^ 

ditto-^t ') days. • ' 

Beef, in 4 hbdsi 5t)2 pieces/ I^rk, 

aditto*— p4dnys. 
Pease, 1 15 bahheis— 107 days. *' 
Oatmeal, SO ditto -48 days. 
Rice, 1 2/25 pounds -^114 days. ^ 
Sugar, 370 pounds. Molasses^ 115 

ditto--84 days. 
Spirits, 225 gattons. Wine, 113 

ditto. Porter, ^(>--^4 days. 
Water, 5t>50 gallons — 120 days, at 

half a gallon per day. 
With some sourcrout, essence of 

malt, vinogar and sak. 

The other stares consisted «f a 
new suit of saib^some whole and 
somebr<iken;Bp«r8» ironwork, the 
armeorer's fo^, a kedge aotphor 
and hawser^xopei juokj canvas, 
sometwioe, and other saaall stores, 
and four half barrels of powder«cwo 
swivels^ and several muskets and 
pistols, with bdlsand flints^ 

Until the 2Sth tfaoy* wet* em- 
ployed infiatiiigxipitfae cQtteri^wfakb 
they nowcaUed the Hope^ fianlte 
eapeditKNt, and .in asill ad(&ig^>Oo 
Iheir stodt txpoti; liie beak ; 'fbr 
akheogh tlM'sea:)iiad ntucki shaklfei 
the sttp^ sinoei. tiike' ImUs aaoe 
emptied) yet mha still stood^ end 
they hoped would keeit) togsihcr it 
kastamili the otstiaprti^^dea'.j. '-» 

At lieutenant Fowler'aioUfn re- 
quests eapt.Flitidcfcs-Dnlered abbt 
he sfaooklTsviaia Vith the stores 
antlil tile last boat : and that lieut. 
Flinders ofd Mr« Joha Aked> dk^ 
master of the In^estigatoi^ tkould 
take charge of th&ifwt) io^ge boats, 

with 



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MADRAS ,e^l{»%\f^ JPQR dP8a«il804. 42; 



joCb a master's niftte in each, capa- 
ble of conducting tbem to PortJack- 
wip sboald ilJuess or any accident 
mpixn to the two officers. 
^ . On Eriday the 2t)\h^ of August, 
|n the morning, captoin Fluidqis 
and his companioni em^iazjked hi 
rfjc cutter, to the- numher of {i^- 
jteoi, with three w^eks provifiqng", . 
With minds fuU,of hope^ n^ja^ 
with anxiety, they returned the 
thppp cheers, giv^n, by tiheir &hip- 
niates on the bank, wh^, inmiedi- 
ately hauled down the ensign which 
had been hitherto hoisted witli tl^e 
»nion downwards a^ a signal of dis- 
tress, and now hoisted the union in 
the upper canton, 

Bombay 
Occurrences for jfprily 1804. 

Campaign in Guzeraut, 
ThefoUonHng correspondence euin*^ 
as ikejttsi sense entertained Im 
the officers who commenced ti^ 
Ctrnipm^ in Guxeraut, of the 
hispitaSty and attention theg 
received Jhifn Mr. Holjbrd, Me 
then resident at Cantlay. 

Bombay, April ^o, 1804.' 

1 feel hi^aly gratiied in cbm- 
^)^i with the refsest of the 
«ffie4rs sondfigdt) Ghtteraat, to lay 
teiiatt >jQ\i i^: aocooQpaii^ng ad-» 
'^dreas/^ and haBoatMn testknany 4>f 
thttfi estcttn.aild regiDd .fo the 
paat fackqiltalily andidndoess.they 
noeiiped ibrdm-ycKi whife c^adhoit at 
CmOotf^ ir bafre thei hanonr to 
nibs^dbe joy«el£c with all rMp«ct, 
^■' r Sir, '* . • ,• . 
'XommHiitrfaifeiiifiil humhie secrant, 
AoBSftirGosDON, 
A^, Gen, 
Ml Ho&A>Bl>j^tEs(fy Member 
'. 4if couocii^ '&a &c/ 



ToJMMtftmifiri, E$f. 
SiH, Bombay* 

We shall be honoured by your 
acceptance of the accompanying 
service of plate ; at the same time, 
permit us to express our sentiments 
of respect and esteem for the polite 
attention and disinterested hospita- 
lity, we have experienced at your 
hands j from our entrance into Gu- 
zeraut, to your seceding from the 
residency at Cambay. 

Such liberal conduct not only 
creates friendship in its apprecia- 
tion, but is justly entirfed to a me- 
morial of public gratitude. 
. Wc have the honour to sul^ribe 
purselves. 
Sir, 

Willi every consideration. 
Your obliged and faithAil 

humble servant|> 
Alex. WajJftcr. 
H. Woodington, 

Oeor^ Holmes,, , 

Tho. l^rummont, ftdward Kenny, 
J. W. Moriis, Geo. Bowcn, 
A. Jftcibunc, B. Diuioih 

Cto. Warden, W. CWiland, 
Geo. Williams^ H. Monireforc, 
James R. Carnac, W. Percy, 
H. Cowpcr, T. Perkins, 

r.Botuifd, H.ToWhcr, 

D. Bal laiftior, — r: — Daubeny, 



y John lojllis, 

>n, J. B. Hcar4^ 

rs,, John Gr^nt, 

>m, Edward Kenny, 



Brackenbuiy, 
H. Tovey, 
G.Midford, ' "*' 

W, Miles, 

M. R. Henderson, 



Colin Anderson, J. Bccic, 

John Cuming, J. 
Tho. Roberts, 
f. fii!o\vn, 
Ms H^iman^ 

H. iv^ifc,' _.. 

David Pri ce, Ed wa rd Tandy , 

Henry. Smith, Odo. -Grant, 

A. A. Ri^mmyt T. B«rfowJ» * 

|ngm.T4ly, J..S. Wj^itchiU, .- 

J. M. Murry, H. Giant, . 

J. Morin, , B.W.D. Scaly, ' 

A. R. Bruce, W. W.'Sealy, 

W. Swaync, ■ Dt. Cam^il/ 

Charles Savs^e, . Hepry Ko(xb<^,, < , 

gobej{ Ecifird.. £. M. lic<4y» 

CO. H- Shurr, W. JacJcson," 

Arch. Robertson, Francis 'l>jnnc!'y, 

Jos. Edmonson, C'Bunybn, ' * 

J. Urqubart, Jaoi<^ A4 MKxmtHL 
Dou gall 



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KM 



ASiA/at AKKUAL EEGISTER. 1804. 



Sb Vyniaioni Four G;.nt. of the 

^ Ertpil. S4fh'R. Jt Poonah. 

Arch MacnWl, * Jamrs Lcvington. 

' To Lieui. CoL Relert Gordon^ ^ 
Ac^utant GtneiaL J 

^ I bif£ hod the hoDour of Mk 

Wter of Uie 30th ttlt. oeiMre>Bua|^ 
^. fluttering addres&o^ tbeofficen. 
o^ the army sening in Gvusemut*. 
OH the oocd&iou of poeaffOtlog mfi a 
tap$i handsome «nd jboiiourabki 
t»Mge of their ostoeai, and re^ 
quAst you wiU have ti^ goodiieat tci 
forward, by tbt first opportunity, 
the acconApanyipi^ letter to tAieHt 
addsesfi, being ejipreaitve of toy 
i^tkneotf theisoD. 

^W)*fethe hoDooftobe^ 
^•» Sir, 

Yoor mosl obedient - 
hiimble servafnt, 
(SfgMd) RoBvirr HoiroRD. 
Bbmb^, 5th May, if^4.' 

To ihe OJkm <^ihe,^mf^ 
$0rvuig i* Gmmnmi*; 

Gentlcwen, 

I have had the hommr of rt* 
08lf4iw yov iattering letter, mtM 
a hanraome service o? plate, whh$ 
jM-havebaeit good eoou]^ to eti^r, 
ai a testknooy of mpeet and en* 
aeem, fbrtbehddpitatitya&tf atteii'*' 
tioftlrlikiii ydo^arepleaBed to ta)r 
yottfocem^froni me, wGflteresfJ 
dent at Cambay* 

Tbot m hmnfele endfeafottrs to 
piove uaam to yoa, GeiMilemen, 
wkiO'ledl Mr 'gsfHiRt ioMters to v!o 
Mf mir feootm, laid by w§oscf 
aatife an^ spHrtta^ exertions, a 
valnaU* inat of eoumvy hsA 
i^sidM^la oiT e*phein Iirfid', 



RiooM haVe socceeded, is to to^ 
the prrmdrtt and most tatisfactcry 
reeompence 5 1 thtreibre, -with real 
pleasore, accept the highly Honour- 
able MM distinguished msi^ of 
finror you have thus conferred, as 
baing* pec^iKarly gratHying to my 
p^ If iHe ^orttfigj, at the saflnetHxie, 
nf^i^f you to be^ assured, fM^t 
ilMtti crer retam tbfe most g ^ ai e lUI 
sense m possessing ^o Tafoablft^ i 
•witowWHW ef yotrr femendMuvobi 

1 h five fl)e honour to b2, , 

Gentlemen, . 1 

Yrtiir most obedTent fervint^^ 

(Signed) RoBEHT iipj,voi(J^^ 

Depnrtute of Sufipian Jtga, ' ' ' 
Oa lliursdaj moroiag' last tfc^ 
honourable the fov«m<^ Sft^'^ '% 
p}iblic. brt^akfast ^t htf |ipp9^«4i|r 
town, to Suliman Aga^ the mnbian 
sador'^om his higl^^tim^e .J^«sb%; 
of B^hdad, who, on tb»,fa<n# 
day embarked for Be^gal^'iipffOn 
secutior. of his mission, tp hijB.:f %» 
cellency the most noble tbegova^t 
nor-general ) his departu^ 4f9^ 
marked wi^ the saatf cewsofmim. 
and military honours aa w^are^'gibn 
served on his arrival. . .,- ^^-^^^ ,v 

«i(€>R M%]Mdar4a9f; artH^'M'. 
d» Tn.iMatnyv HsfWidcer-'MMi 
Ittol^-Mni^ aM'Croalnile^^^eifftf 
tte¥aiaia»s> »f rf l utw H H »wy>*Ajf 

Nair, and ' *" — * 

'it* NT' noMRfti^Tn av^^tflHP 

i^aQMB^st- noa oeaii ^aici ^iS'^iliRy 

tbaap- itnNi|gCKK ' "•'* 

Vie' ffiltewing aecguht' 'or dS^ 
atrtion tctween The Cl;iiu Xri^- 

*mei» 



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wym^JOfiffimaKisaf». 



a 804. 



«Sf 




fermag* . ^^ JiffiTrtf 1 CiMMi 4H4 

"p^*''^ miniitiff iwfflBiJ !o£ ibatiSMiyBi 

mA liMffrTHiHBffr fKnlfll# iiMDf flM 

Tioj^^mdlv^dio avail dMMisdwa 
^ tb» co^iv^ of tbe XadiamiH 
niled frcvn Macaoj ,99 t)^ sixth of 
Fe^ii^i7« proceeding bytbe, pas- 

;;^.-- ;!*^^f^ if ;:.: p:-..! c]s i we 

had sight of Poa Aorc, on the 
fourteenth of Jfeb^^uary, at ,day^ 
light i and at 9 A. M. the Royal 
George Qlade the signal for stran- 
gers in the S. W. shortly after- 
wards the signal was made^ by com- 
niedore Dance, for the Royal 
George, Alfred^ Bombay Casde, 
asd H<^, to chase. Their niar 
mcBtLvre^ soon made us siwpicious 
of the strangers j their weather- 
roost ships beaiiug down to join 
their ships to leeward, arid tlien 
heaving to ; the Royal George tirst 
made the signal for an encray^ 
when die chasing ships hove to on 
the same tack with the enemy to 
windbwiffdrrf 1^1% a**-ffwNiO(% 




mL 



tal^ their atgtki^M 
bgtd^ sL beads JKhicb htA 






tadc0d<og«fti|k^>nKL • ftntelhtf 
period until daf-li^ the^ keptut 
ki jpnptaBfcgRXpectoiftooqf^iwukcky 
•fei .they Imk ^ihm(6am't,l^ma 

banlc^ their vini ^gtio. At^k^f 
li^t, on. the fftcendi, tfaeoooai^ 
were lyiiag to-^ oh oar ' wealbv 
l|MCier« inAcioiBhnoalitaiiy aad 
ibanik^aMrMiss^fatiBti tpwcotU 
|MOM#v tAstt o<itatetimrHi ikjgt •' ^wht 
lii«9rtlMMndt«D<4l0oidid; Maoiipa 
^ alttcUftf ' IK ' mnkik at i-eig^ 
o^dfockv^ wt tiiiide-ittl>: by^ 8fgDai( 
AlchiEipfe Utf i»s«4dM order cfv •aill> 
ttig^'iboMiigouffcoloorB: tlwcba^ 
mpr: dwn hMM- French cok|if% 
«aep% 4lMl 7bhk/< i^bicb* ibewM 
I)|^alidit 01^01% and^isade aUpcn^ 
fibbf flilj ;y->fkai JioRBgo'cattyaD^ 
nikUM feiniat^ 4te|^ at the tnlan^ 
kadiaK tUt ateflkriiia 'vekyidMe 
Ufm oi,^flttl&«a'tekis aN vcdipiig 
dowh ik>i^ai^s»iMy bariactt^Mimf 
now Udder suCli sail as to aoeoHi^ 
indOi oty4MBfttaMiin> 
^We didai9»pQaiiw iKtat MtiM 
Jbe. the eifeaiQr's 'loede el aciadc 
Anlri s lit^afteF iK>Qn> wht»te 
\bt^ bore tip ti^^ack OQf reair. 
JQmiHllUuMk «f the- kblps in-^ti» 
flBar'iiovir.^Mam0r/v«fy«mtteaW and 
Ai|( taut iofe been Mt ^JTiieoiti 
^vwmi^i^ eentie, .nMebvrMd 
inmiteti ii$^theficbir9 >Wt itiifw 
-tev tihatiii^iiiia'-'i^iiainii df« Hie 
.Hflfil ideofe^ 4B3i['4lie mMfd^mm-^ 
'iiatlyitad dnitkg^xttm9mmr(h «wei|fc 
(tfae.'reap>^£i0tt .perboptfllie flMC/ 
(id[e;l]aiMi]^«Me^ eureotfimoio^Bb 
'^fid. >VDUu«hiHi t tlie emmy wtm 
going to attack oa»«i«Br«* DanoeL 
IdiBq ia^iedfkifn ^a^et; to tboiMit 
iiNoM bedqueci'iieitDlitdy UiM diie 
n— iiiwiildriiMwriMiteiy^tgcfc^ia^ 
ifti. pOisiihIe laii, and' ong ttge 4^: 
eneaof^ 7Mi^tiia#iMiti«^esciiCiMt 
.apd tU Ria^ 4te«'g<><4«t fkmmr^ 



t* 



Ca»de&, 



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iMi .R>tfiAtf»aMiMa»L'ItSISTBft«.lM4. 



kNtiM(rilCtilQMliOD« -- 



FtfaeiiisifttKoBojwl 

BBfti of <Wlll*li6aVi 

iili W^feraqgto hit sttfhDird^idp 
to bear : via dwi MMhriMrtte Jbdyi^ 
JGeorgefor some tiiw mattamAf 
rtotiMhr mjied Ae of tbe cnqny't 
iqopboof botlbeiMJJiiatedtifeof 
tl|» ibip, and the nkitof thejxii>» 
l^OB^e, jQ.aftoniihw Unoii^ thit 
iMKfooii made lOl pcMhIe laji cittfa* 
larboifd tack, nui«uig ittiuy tfj^iwir 
mpasdUe. Tbe/whoki ftpet mm 
chaaodiMitil 5 P^Mi'whan i»^4:» 
tiinlj were gaiiiiag#a the enemj ) 
hntthecoauDodoMfeiy pradenttjr 
inadB the signal t» tac^, wbcA tfacf 
were dlowisd to mahe the beat jdf 
their wqp 4o3«lftviB^ at w«u ai^ 
poK^ firam whence thejr had hMt 



The Rc^alfBewgar hadoneUMai 
W^M aadflttagiat» wwanjedj maoy 

-ihecanharhtiU.anlherjranAi^uiH 
Jii^*riggiog, a«fHia dial oat M* 
the «ilen/a ihotf •Wa.aralvedt Ml 
^Mfe/at Mrtaatn Mi4h« liimMd 

/the i28th,:we feU in with th^AMiH 
Mai^SceMe, of sw atf jr ' fa i r gnna 
^tticfai orfrutorhwying^ tha;r 
4iM JMo'P^tnakig aa^^ ^' 



^t^aiiHrio^ii^iiif iVinaanail^ iiado 
S««hibhe;|ft«^th« 0cmjamf Mp^mt^ 

-^H^tham t^^oe6a(t<^tadft mftgt 
^^vH^^UietftMaa^afwari '^ ••' -** ^^ 
'^^>^ng»^gtlrafftwiiiaJN>fc*F«bf 
Ntf'^He^^piMiiir dDOttMMi fiiMih 
^jtefirtntt^ iMH'lheliuaiuiijniflaiiittd 

9jj^^ll(M^<d)«^ .4mvM2aTe«tf the 

<fti^.fat aboui^ aiid »QBro-la$iditig 



Fi^^Mpahipa iattbe Tear 
chealfedtfac«n«»tfi^aaaMibaQ go 
hyi^^aaiaB^ ini 4hiia|iie40Kl them- 
afMaiha atick hf^aci olhartir vNe- 
jgamiinejpifif of Adriah* 
aaea jnani6tt .IKhifipt^xMic 
lUe aainned^ with audi aea- 
hatai^aaidi ihny aw^ if dl hy afcilerpria* 
hgofimri, the AIM»aBl^ haa 
■ialai%L^appwhfi>rtii'>f' K -mh 

The hon. (hegovemor g^ateK Wl 
MitfCfi^io th6 Mti^dftoittl'at 
fty^;4n hottoT'^of ihe^^tite*^ 
ntort|tage<MM <> (pad ^high^ '^[^Mfeiii 
piid^ toiiddde4lfeC#t^^fi» 
tiihr{;^ei«mitttBni*fh^li8aly<Mb< 
Merwd^iMlfaMa feUeS.'^ n^' '^ 
' ^The mMcijpatfon'kxf ih%^ «Miv< 
iabidifeiit)ife««r togHlMiri Mtaimwi 
laadn<lifegfe^b^iipyaB<ftrtifti6 
#h» hifi^fft ft^toito wbrM^ 

Alt) i«6olWctiAtt of.lbe'bver^ftieibdi 

iMM eli^iidqiMialf degrae^' tb^tte 
f i w i WB e eMi»«ifeatf i iRn'-ip hH> 
.' ThrwibiiaBadar'llMi hb MM^ 
«NaoAe^ httiib# ^BlgAi^^m 
ii J Mjdiao cy ^th^mlit ttiMlp»tM^jiid^ 
#<a nd r y«artd:4ii<lltf^tfciai^lft 
t i i g tii w w <he ^lAmsti^ nhiM^ of 
•BM4M^8ad»4«ltffitti;'0fi4lMMh 

4ary w«wall yaaenai/ ^ldli ri i » to 




ft ii| 

itwMtlMMinttdf mT' 
4nfMiU#«lferMottfd bj w4 
'%alMlti|^4bftiAn|rai( 
daooflBttad and dividdd^<i»Wtl»te 
4wm> a t t iti entg> In the centre was 

th^ 




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BOMBAY OCCURRENC£$ ilOft 'jmaHnBM. i^ 



the wold WxLLBtLtY; overwhichy 
mapediitittiii^ was thi&Britiahiioft^n 
QQ Che ngjbt^ ihe werd P«AC2£^twithj 
a wreatb cf iameb flutmtiuiited^&je 
dtie oBve braochs .cm^ltlrJdi^>^tllQr 
WGid'QipOliY^ wittbflDoihaFWseativ 
ceiBetttecl b)F the pafan. ^i^ik;tM9 

•(faftWfl^ieiky'familjr.' .^tj-^rh- ,<3 li 
The cbiKai^.jax9iiyBnoq|a4teB 
after ten o*ckx±^ and continued till 
twelve, , when supper was an* 
aecQWbdv whl^ fomied ak 6i^uh 
site i:^qn0(-.«C^ev«Q^ilg^ihat waa 
gpod, and procorabk at this season 

^fU^p^nnpm^oaodwmfk thromfae^ 
receptioa^^ld jUletbe^tffSinK^^ 

o«^.<t9^i^ «de/^POmiM390od« 

farJliij}Atir4Ma)tu aC:^:i{:^rW>4^ 

the 8iiiiQaiKUii§^4i;3x9ir^«9M^ 
«vm>luvljamiQdalt«0@ifa0]bftc>Qi^ 

V nkaMAwTlB jthr 
...„ «i80^MdlMniBlK^ a 

j wiifiiliBinnirf 1 1 if I hiifi i9i£f^'>:>!> 



*lb6^ dnbifesadbcilif 
hfcVttfkeaattrtirfian^tihaJifaBpm 
cuous attentionr.w{[ich)iieic:hKKiie)i 
eei9«fll idunug^^his sfcqrrbtref .ti£d/ 
iodeed, rtii»ffaaiing3agi|aii^>B^f^4ikr 
■iriuaieii^i^^i «h9w]»idaq^hpaiM 
iw(DiI Q£:afcihisl'ajldhriapt%-ittwp 
te tbmqfa :fliB to ra^^deTei^ ^Find 
Qiii^^iKhidK .wBi m|yaafly>iiariaad 
«f{Chis jne^eclidile<«iiibaB9y: Ti. u c) 



,t.3<; 



ICi i.' 'v.Ot> 



i2^prti4id> 



p 



- <On Af^-iaihe^, irftilah*W«*^ 

ted' tW?'t94teift3f tfafeir Ii^sp^d^t 
pf^idc^^ i ilk'e^^tfer f^iM^ 
^n," tire airfe tWdy ^ l^j^^- tb^^^M^ 
ha^ de^n^i'^ '^ctltnid^i^Ene '"beneni 
ffbm tfifecfah^^ dfiir td^**kfihft 
t^rted,'^ati*that his feetelflii' isiieit* 
fy ^•Cf^bHshed; * : * - v* ♦; 

J^r^ser^tathQn pja, puvBf Jiklrej^s to 

Yesterday being the day apfk9Jft4^ 

ide:.Atthufi/<WeJtetl^>i> toufl^gfiive 

!tal»(8 ]«f>t)Mk^(tk^^t^ M^iUm" 
itkaH^ Utt^ilitoi b|y.tk$ &th^ gentla- 
UMniii»£ ith«ip»ani»tMb ( ^9^§^ 
do |h«!: go(v«mmi4^QUA^ % Oi^t 

/plt^flAWki. -i:* v „. .J 1 i.i- .lid *.j 

jtN*- go«i^<^:.A94 dfilu^fir^d,. \mf> 

(fa|ii|«liLWii^.i^ ffeq>i«ft( ..^ >^e 

r>|3ifi(Uf b9«iigbl>Bi9tojch|>i^fPfi..to 

whichtJiegovwiorJbftyWftWfmwd 

: JM) Wil^.^«(Mi ^th^.ti^Pipmiite^ 

•lSW?fdu*iJrWitiar fWWraliiWjll- 
^li^^'< atMdfld it^ijs^: pC^/t^^ 
^igfli^^o^V^^ A|i; J{^- 



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Ai 



MlAtlC A}«KTrAti fttolBTBKi 1904. 



d^iftw, ib 'pMtating Hie iddrMto 
tho gniefia)> elcpreMd hifensdf m 

SIR,. 

- <* ITiw eomniitltee h«% the ho*« 

MT^ ifteeting ^ ^ British iiiha** 
bttsn«, fo piie8<«t to yow ' tMr 
^obgnrtulitwhs on the gkirtous^aiMl 
happy t€rmhHitk>R of ooe of th» 
most decisive, 4»rilliant« «nd rapiil 
^itopaig|la< etec kflowa in <he an* 
oatoof fiiitiA Lodiai a campaigii 
kii whiab foa bave^po^oDiiUy borne, 
so.conspicuotts ft sittre, and ^oied 
Tbtttsail, at ka c)#9^ e^ally great 
iit ^ talHttefitb 4n ^ $<tkL" 

- !Th& addbre^'.4n-tbi^. ^<^\i^ 
imanb^ iDTtefAb^n^read IQT Mti H«&-» 
shaw* . )', . - . ,,1 

7© Mtfior Oeneral $he Ihno^raH^ 

' Arthur JVdksley, ■ ts^c. tsfc. 

Bin', '- * "^ . ■- 

We mijglit be justly <l^ined in- 
sdfisiblf to'^e'^fgfrtir'benefits which 
Jotir Mt hti[\\ipt Viiteef has ooiN 
ferred upon yom* codri^ry, if ^ 
aid not avail' oiJfs^;liftei of the opn 
portittiiH^ whr^h yoo^^P^nfx*iry *f^ 
siHartoe m-fhis f^ahdafifefd*) t6^^*4 

Se^ thWhigl^'^i6yi^^Hx^'eit»6^tafti 
'your itieiiiuf MWy ' Wfd ■ 'td^i^italH 
services. . • - i - 'i 

Toyou, 'SIfi 1^ a»«miiM»nde. 
gree/areowtbr,:'riot?enJy tbi^ i%o^ 
ihensc adyafc«^s:^the$uHtng #om < 
mjcctfeftil catiiS^^in tlie{)eeetei 
1^,*tiiogi5 haVftig-bfeett at^t)^ 
to© ttes^tttf, *rf a»j-eariy'pe*0e-»i* 
7ndk. "fte "^ttenijf^ •♦ystfemaHi 
jAdlnatiort fdt dfeAHfiHy ^ ^)^ 
tracted waifer^ "#!is 'ni^t ^n^# 
Vart; .its'iXlfteWi}e'^,.jWith'^q««ffl 

}dlutioh to 'bAo^ aJWiT^.'eo -a 'ftpee» 

^sWm ^ gterteiis- issue: AndH^ 

•^fe-"yf Assye;'Mit«h'' >d*^!ayed 

tS)\V ^justly you rehed ontke-^kl* 



pltoed valeur of ydiar traopB, and 
the seal> <eQanige> and GOEKhict-<lf 
eveiy ofiter UKkto your ooouBacidy 
stnick a damp on the hopta4}f the 
advei'je ^weirs» wkkii au^ alaiost 
besflid tDteveitodded^befate^ 
the campaign^ 

'^But itiaiiot in your nrilkaiy csa- 
reer aJone^ that we- tola dbs^v^ed 
tfiee&ataof on adl^^ ahley-aad 
determltied /mind. The difficult 
aegodMioos which yDtt-carri^dvim 
with two hostile powera; While^-^ 
Ihe sartie mofn^sti yonr attsez^ioft 
was occupied by t^op^stioaa of 
the field, dothe0reateft<bti(BQV^ 
youf' «ideiit8 aa a 4DiilesaEian» • and 
M$fi»y ft happy onion ef ppliticai 
iMU> and military «eie»oa.' , . 
t Ye&c vi^onesjhaipe t^&ea^fte* 
kk our neiglilxMirhoodj they^ira* 
tedUMefyatjfect otir fotiira jnt^ipatg# 
and' i^e iaiiniatel]M3Qi;uiactod^-wMi 
Mr present praspei%. ^T^.4qi 
tb& fouBdaH<>a 4>£a^eaee'^ %^$ 
and mx ^iKceaBordk' which .»^» 
longer -Mitely «0' beinterFoptod l^r 
the< feuds^and copiMmtioiia^ of. i 
Mfthratia ariatOGi^^* Tkey open 
ta Ae irade>r4nd to^bo'indaatif'of 
Bembi^, ^ibe ponts ^gf ^miexmoam 
and^popnlou^^oqnt^; ^- ^ 
^ r Ulidtrthoa^ cit:cn»fttiii9ces,wh^ 
ttlifembledtd es^ftk$» ^oqr m^S/i:ifi^ 
towcrtdi^y^ur^abfli md &M(i9'9 
CUiimi^r <»(e vfaookl te^iete our 
duty^n<y'iwtf4»«hiM?gtik Jif^?^ 
hidi 0ii^t^<tWs<lH>ittaJM>ii^lq[Wt 

«»|U) '^^^Uidar i,^aie.^4ttitokw i^ 

'And by I2a mhalMBrtHiii - 
^s Inhabitants^ 

To 



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BOMBAY OeCURKENCjK ?0» AFML, l|©4. 



»3 



fd the Jbreg^tng )iiddres9; Majnn 
Gtnerallvellesiey was pleased t<r 
mdte thejblhtvittg repfy, 
GznrtzMBU, 

The af^probatkm 'of thh settle* 
ment is a dtstkiction which vfWl af- 
ford a permanent source of gnriifi- 
oi^dD 10 my liirad ; and I receive, 
wftfa ft liigh dense of reqjcct, the 
bMor conv^^ed to me by your ad- 

The events ^hioh preceded the 
mtT, vteofa nature to demonstrate 
^ jttt^ce of cmc' cause; while the 
ibkheanmce with which the British 
l^dvermoeat reframed from the 
eoQCest, If calculated to mantfest 
that the efficient ^tate) of our mill* 
txcy e^utpmettt wa» directed to the 
ptemimKtk of peace, and con^st- 
est wkh* the p^Acipks of our d^^ 
fefcrfve ipolicy. The comprehen- 
sive ptei of operations ibr the con- 
doct of the war, yffa9 eqtalM by 
the ettetit of our Resources, sid 
iftpperted by the ' concentrated 
power of 'th«e ettijyJte. The ton- 
ftd M which the British armie* 
^ffm inoonsequencis} engaged, pre- 
sented* a the^e capable of dis-^ 
pfejftig; at (onbe, thb most splendid 
olgects of military glorf, aid sub- 
f^Withre *ptoofs of * the' pervading 
iiMM<oP' the British cotmcrls. 

«t <*j«? worthy of the highest 
MibtHod #hd" tlle^ c6ntingencles 
iWSch placed a ^iaon of the 
*mjr tinder my command, enabled 
tit fo^ajjpreciate the permanent 
ttbsei of our success and power, 
WttdestiiWfthed discijJMne of cfar 
H^o^'Jf- irt Hat genertl union of 
Mai for the public interests, in 'the 
amfbi*ib^fieas df-^>tfr^c6ns(!>lidated 
strength, and i^^h^ commanding 
if^Med^ bf'bur hAUdhM reputa- 
«tt^1frTti*a.>'^' ^ 

Utiflik^^thb ^ecW of ftoSe cer- 
^in causes, -flib^ttbbps under >mV 



command were enabkd :to giirec 
tfeat support, which Aty werrxies«>r 
tined by the governor general tt* 
a&rd, to the operations of the 
commoDdtor in chief. And, wlnle 
the grand anny^ under his excel*' 
lency's immediate command,, de^ 
oided the war in Hindustan, by chd 
most rapid career of briMiont -wo* 
tories, the army of the Deocon^ 
emnlatic^ that noble example^ 
cootrititited to elevate die &meand 
power of Great B/itainv in Indian 
to a height nnrii^alied in the atlM 
nak of Asia. 

In concluding the peace (a duty 
imposed on me by the local sttna*' 
tion of the rejjpective armies) I was 
enabled, under the inmiediate •rw 
ders and instri^ctions of the gover- 
nor general, to manifest a prac- 
tical example of the moderation of 
the British Councils, which ar- 
rested the progress of our arms in 
the hour Of victory, to fixthe^tmn- 
ifoiliity of India, on the'^Mindaf 
tioQs of that enlarged policy, «id 
to receive the best aasunmces of 
the contikiuanceof peace fiom the 
confidence Mposed by the states 
lately confederated a^nst us, in 
the: generosity; honor, and jimiee 
of the British GkW'^mnaefM. 

In reviewing the coosequeneea 
cf oar success^ k is with unrteigkved 
satisfaction that I perceive the in* 
creasbkg chamid0 of weihh which 
bavH }ale0fi opened «o<'this -eputevt 
9(Mdement; and, it is fedfiiiavijir 
*ratiiying,to my feelings, that-I 
snould't^e beeninstrhmental ift 
fenewmg the beneiits of peace «• 
a settlement, from the resouvces 
and public spirit of which, the 
dethcnments imAer ^n^ comoraid, 
h^e detitved the- mo^ essential 
aids dur'mg the prosecution of the 

' The decision wWfeh^it has pkased 
yeh to thMAMf o^isnltrag my name, 
1 3 with. 



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ASIATIC ANMJAL register, 1804. 



134 

has excited tHef'wami^l^ctibns. 
of my heart, together Villi ^the 
highest sentiments oC public re- 
spect } at the same tine, therefore, 
toat I receive, with peculiar grati- 
tude, this mark of your kindness, 
I cannot discharge the obligations 
you have imposed o n fflp^ in . a 
manner more conformable to my 
sense of the honor and welfare of 
this settlement, or of the reputa- 
tion and interests of the empire, 
than by expressing my confidence 
of your cherishing those ptffk:iples 
of loyalty, subordination, and go- 
vernment, which have raised, and 
finally established, the British em- 
pire, in India, on the extensive 
iic^juid^tions of /its present security, 
pj^c^pgri^, (i^nltyj^afld'rehbv^. 

, '^"^ ," ' * ^ Mijjbr General. 

' M)|por-g^ri.B6lhisls,c(>um^^ 
of artillery, gave a dinn^Mr at the 
theatre, to major general the ho- 
nlligbk; Mm. Wp\\m\^u^t 
Itebish WJpr<ti|ini K n^||>»:bop<Mr^|e 

Ihft'gDlMBPpl^ujIiAuiliOi^ljff ;l^ 

foetotucn^eclllfiltiff jv3^:i^k^ 
«ctiBe^dilfidr;iv f^ibit Vmfm9 

•8crn bmoii ^.'/ i ■ Q v/><: v[7r»oa <-.; 

'Al<el^pnJbf«|te|rttti5p^^,wts 
given at the theatre, fay lieot.-<^. 
(.eclimere, aiid the offijpera iif th^ 



ftiicibifi regime&t, to major general 
the' honourable Arthur Wellealey, 
On this occasion, the play-hoiuse 
v0^s very superbly illuminated. A 
large area in front was inclosed 
with variegated lamps, and the en- 
trance to the house exhibited a 
beautiful traasparent arch, o\'er 
which were the words, " lFel» 
lesl**y. Peace, and Gktryt" wilh 
suitable devices. The interior of 
the theatre was decorated in a 
splendid manner. Fronting the 
stage was a transparency of gener^ 
Wellesley's arms, and on each side 
of them the words, "jissaye and Jr* 
gaum,"* wliile the words *'Xuggur* 
and " Giaigkur** were transparently 
displayed in other parts of the 
hoUse. The company consisted of 
all the principal characters in the 
settlement; and at about seven 
oVlock dinner was announced, 
comprizing a collection of every 
thing which the present season 
oouldatiford; while the wines were 
of the most superior quality. 

The utmost conviviality and 
good humour prevailed the whole 
4Mfeping, and at about 11 o'dc^k 
the company began to retire, pe^ 
/egthrvffOis^ed, no doubt, with ^ 
siP8W"^-:Tl^ ^^^ ever3t.i;hiij 
qicaaHqjfsifljijjiBd, and the *- 

^^a^WSftriP^rf to A*.;iJ 




fiep^rti^re of Mt^r- General - 

,-'' OnTfiuiidsi^^ last, major "gen,, rae 
, lion , Acth n r Wei Icsley , and ni s 
^ su'it^v quilt t;d this setlleuient under 
[die iisjJ^L'pllUary pQTOplj.mep^siT 
, l^J-ie Pouibay ' artfll e ry pa ritd i iig at 
I tliepicr beacl^ ant] thg Henge!ni;^U- 

ler^'v first tettulipn of the, 7th regt. 

marine bat'biion, and fencible regt. 

looming fi street from tbe ^vernr 



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- T r T rj ."'n'^r-r*^ * 1 ' < A -\ "^ • I :,• A. 



185 

r:. 



a^^lK>gscte«^A^.J^ iy>U entering t^J«tf^^^^^^^ 

g^i^^^pff^ also, of seventeen ga9B^mfit<i^ 

doiis^^ ftofp the batteijr. 






I ^ ' t 



jp <3f rf T. 



fjl9ving^in^fyv(n-^^^ ihfja^owin^pumoranda tvhUh were com: 
,.nUi^t!^,p4#er^,}^ a ^^fm lately returned from Eqfhfnda^ 
rtk^Sm aninter^^ng m^u^ of the ^Me if Qunfiistoh Undrapid 

" Since the murder of theTaher 
pa^a/ ip May, 'll!?03, and the 
cafling in of' the Mamdakes, Cairo 
haibeen in a most dreadful state, 
owing to the heavy contributions 
levied; on 'the inhabitants, and of 
this unheard of excesses coriimitted 
by the Albanians and Amauts, In 
Jaiiuar)% i804, the bey invited 
Ally Pasha, -firtyni AlWanddaj (this 
man has been- appointed, by the 
P<?Ftetf viceroy of Kgyf>t) to c^me 
up to Cairo, and to:take upon him- 
self , the charge of the^overnment. 
'Aily Phkhz accordingly c^e up 
and pitched .his tents about two 
miies from Cairo; he \va5 received 
with great pomp by the be}^, Udd 
came ovet to their camp. Soon 
after this ' Osrnan Bey" intercejitc|d 
a letierf/SmVAfiy fe^^ Waho- 

» .'.J ;l'ni4 



liied Alfr, the i^M^ the AttW' 
fttem;" ftivrtlnf HMn- ttr nrffak 
i^ainkt the; Maitt^kes^mid if ttK^^ 

dbiy* biHfegb to Caff o; OsnaMirBejr 
^toit tJili l«tef A AUf «k*ai ^«l» 
i«e^ia Hot' d«tif b)» ^«r0 ^ptmtluv. 

•&^ 'xmax '^'Wfcw*' ciwofttt iw*, 
^' a«r^rrtiittatten^'W?frfB tw'idteii 
-Any Wifeiirta it w^al«t>«»PP«*# 
JifaM^eii P^hAi "^ >abol6<Qe>Mi 

troops attached to him, 480miliio|^ 
to nearly 200&. This horrid maa- 
sactcc, in cold blood, was cflected 

nauts,..^««^,tt^«i'it^V#3f -4\f 26fh 

January, llie interpreter of Ally 

'^)Wihlf^feflp^^^^ftt»nI*''ft*^ ^Mrfhie- 

^>)- Ju*:» ( \Q .-i'lr. m* 1 '1 - itikes. 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



luke^ 'and took refnge in th^ Brl-* pp^ble, and fortified their honsei. 
tfth resident's hoasej the surgeoa' On the evening of the 1 1th of 
attached to the Pasha (an Itsilbai) ' March, the Allnnians and AmouU 
fled into the house of the Loaperial ooncertedflplan to attaclrtfae Be^, 



coQsuU wheie be was protected ; 
a Dumber of troops, which escaped 
firom the sanguinary fvLvy of the 
Mamelukes and Amauts, were 
diowned in the Nile, others escaped 
towards Syria. 

" On the 28th February, the 
Albanians and /Vrnauts became cla- 
morous for their pay, (aboiU six 
months in arrears) and surrotmd^d 
the house of Mahomed Akr, de- 
claring that if not immediately paiJl, 
they would pillage Cairo ; Osman 



and at ds^r-^ht oa the morning of 
the 12th wa& tlie boor to put itm 
execution. Mahonoed Ally, mtiia,. 
party of Albanians, sorrounded 
the bouse of Osman Bey, at Ite' 
same moment a party of Amodta, 
umier ihe brother of the Tadioc 
Pakka, attacked that of Ibrabam 
Bey. 

^ **Theprt7 ^ Mamelukes in jpo^ 
memwia ^f the okadel, obeeivgDg an 
Attack bn the beys, immediacety 
began to bombard Cairo, irooa an 



Bey came and pampered them by. a^^tfca* that ^ inhabitanta had joined 
promise of cash in three dayi> to the Turkiih tsoops. Tbii caii«d 



raise which fund a contribution 
was immediately levied on tke-in- 
babitants of Cairo ;< but the m»n 
thus extorted fell very fihort of the 
amount wanted ; at the exptraim 
of th« three dtjTs, the troef« began 
to pHlage the village of Giza. 

*' On the evening of the Uth 
]M^rfb»dlthe inhabitanta were much 
alarmed on. hearing that die gatea 
of. Cairo were ordCTcd.-to \Ki shut 
tutffir the.Mioal liour, aiid they 
j^oa^o^ in anxious fcdi;s during 
yip ^ight* dreading a revoluXioDu 
-ami ^ich 4Ctualhr took plaoe on 
t4fi;Uth. The UiUowing aice the 
fnrtipMlars; 

li^/.J At«^wn*tJtiat Osman, and Ibra^ 
J#a»'B^J gpt intimation of the iu- 
jteoy^iooa »f fhe. Albania^ »(^ 
r^n^Ut.chlelli to get pos«es^oi^ of 
'5ie ^ig^eciiment . qf Cairo, .and 
'|5^.1h^.l>ettersecuTity of MiU)Qwed 
fJp#sJ>^,(wbpm we were astouidied 
r^ i^,.w#t in existence, con- 
Ueiviqg yjrt he vfm muixfejjed by 
.l^bfi^pt the time 4l)!7 pasha and 



great ennstemacjon, andtnen^ wb» 
meni «nd- cfaikfavn; wirm Ayiog 
abonfc iftdD' all qoea^tnv ieax6ak€i 
the ex{doiion of the boonfti^ 'om^lf 
1ft>kickt|igled' three, and wmtfied 
4mmi^ vafortnaate sileot' ^peot»- 
tout. Osono Bey^dftfendad boiMetf 
IbrsGnietime; Mahortaed Aiy be^ 
baved wMLfaecroic courage, vQ«bed 
imto the lk)iise.sw(ocd ui hand jc^Osv 
maa Bey retreated out ofonedDor* 
while t£e Albadiaps were xtisliiiig 
in at the other: The. boose wai 
upmedlately pUla^d and '^umt. 
TbebrotUer oflthe TaherPasfaa wdl 
equally Biocessfbl against Hsrabni^ 
titft but who cut his way thtou^ 
the AJtooutt, end xqpalcai to <ue 
citadel, and demanded Mahnmej 
Pasli^, . with an intention of cafrry- 
iu^ hujiawav*. Jiut by this<tbe party 
(^ADbadians ^nd Mogcabiansi in 
U^iit^l,-had ^ the ibc^lter^ df 
!me >::ackief of Manadlukei, and 
>>)^d .not deliver tlie Pftiha up, 
^i iiced oalbxahim Bey, who was 
4;l2rt to jQ(iakea.hastyTetreat> with 



^hi^M^i^s^ta^'ic^m to their £aiY) fJxe.IosA of a W adherents. Afb^ 

[^Ujy^ai^l^Witptiiei^ tj^ Mamebikee Jbad' been driven 

'jiffiprfjing jOt the 1 Itli j they also : out of Cako; Mahomed Aly, and 

collected as many Mamelid&es as a party of Albanians, went to the 

citadel. 



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is7 



dtadd, m<nBit»d Mabomed ftatha 
OD a charger, carried him tbrougti 
Cairo in triaidpli, aimdst the aoda- 
iDt6eos of t^ pQfillAce^ wfaw^ 
ooumeiiance beamed with «dlkur 
nastic jof atlbevetomcf <th6fde¥ 
fOKdFditia, and who was imOM^ 
ii^elj pnidaiined anew io doe 
ferm. It was aupposed liurt dbooC 
mtf of the MaBoekikes Were onn^ 
daed. Thirty of their heads, witil 
tBvag^ ferocHy • were stack on pole^> 
aad flayed before the house (k 
Mflhemed AI7. It h Impossible 
la conceive the inveteracy of the 
Tcirkisb troops against the Mame«> 
lukes^ or those who were so xH^ot^ 
(mate as to be aittadsed to them^ 
many Frencbmen and Greeks in 
the service of *the beys have been 
«uandercd. TVeastire to a great 
tmoont was foond in the house of 
AiabifflBey. 

loomed Aly conducted himself 
wlA much judgment in this revo- 
lution; he sent an officei' of rank 
CO the Ilth rornid Cairo, to the 
iababitants, advising them to re- 
main quiet, and, in which case, 
neither their persons nor property 
.would be raolerted, nor did an in- 
^tftance happen to the contrary. 

Osmaa Bey most'ricWy descfved 
*e fete he met widi- A ^ Ma- 
jnekkes remained on the- t^iand tf 
Bho^, and at Gizo, bnt* which 
places they were soon •cbhged tt) 
jevacaatb. 



^tnttCtfire^ ^tattstbeiMoUeeted 
tiiat this oficer wbb In a ^r&t mea«- 
flUpe ittbtniihofittf t ia^^iecting the 
d«wnfallaf<MakhomedPasha,ln Minr 
latt^ hO90«n^€a%'thei msult oi such 
MrifgBl&^i ihati^aMiher revdu-^ 
tMH tbokplkc^ in thegovemment, 
dfid'^^itbovt the nnallest disturb* 
ancKS^ in fool, it 4rM not knowa 
to the inhabitants nntii after efiect- 
oi. MahecBM^ Pasha was agaiA 
AelpoMf and inm^iately sent un- 
der m strong go^iid to Alexandria. 
f^Bomedays Calm rnnained nn- 
def the gOA^eiwnent of <an Albanian 
and an Amout chle^, %hen they 
ibmud 4t prudent to in'viteCooraal 
Pdsha, fmni Alexandria, who ac- 
cordingly came up to Cairo, and 
wa^ procttfimed vksert^ of Egypt ; 
<his l^sha endeavoured to restore 
fnmqufflity and ptote^t tnkde, bot 
^1 h(s endeavours were -miA. The 
Albanians and Arnoots (although 
united in driving ^ Mamekikes 
•from Ceiro)are inveterate enemies $ 
indeed, there is not the smallest 
docillt but the hej^ will again get 
possession Of the coumry; and it 
»wfls repot'fed ^lacthe ^ief oT the 
Amouts seemed irtelified' to fttour 
tlie return of the beys. ThtfltA^b^ 
tsaH of Cairo !ire> in a most *»- 
tracted state,* nor have iHey any 
^onfiden^e In their present tuter; 
in fact, he has no controwf (WOf Alb 
troops, they pfnhder and-assriss^natp 
with impunity. I'h^ii^ ?**'not*«be 



Manch 14th. It waa only *ufo *«walk9t^doiibt thte people ^Hgypt, 
^days ago that a revohition teid been -bu*- lAore jphrdc^^ lH6^' ^ef 
effected in Qwtoi Mid- Mahomed ^Cairo, *Will ^t>fM\j ilddt'^o the 
*!^shapcodainJcd'vi(wir)y.---*^range t*tytldmt¥ V)f 'the' '€rst l!:\!h^6pe»i 
to refalte, and yAmi woUld be hardly po^*«er that f#rtds iri >thefr devoted 
credited, the Paibahad not accepted • countiy. 'D^Uyartd hourly do "those 
the trust imposed on him maflrfy ^miserabie' Wr^dhirf' j[iray '^fbr^ the 
hoow, than in tiierHiJUO spirit ^f ^veHMmt (*^he Btlglfish; wh«»^ tnild 



^fitfkbh oelittids; he be^an tb id- 
trigue with the Albanian chief, with 
4 Tiew of drifitig the brother of 
the Tflher F^sim; and his party. 



• JHwl lenient go\-«*rt7metit 'they wcjl 
know ho\»' toap^e^iate, arid wbidi 
forms a sttikirjjr contrast tp th$t 
they experienced tnder the repub- 
lican. 



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ASIATIC ANN94lcAEGIStER> 1804. 



Ao^vUfSovr, of tlie Nilfttiiiod.mw 

9^U tU the boato-MsiitL4[r^ (iw| 
HKNT figjrpt b««e (^tooKl^tecii^^ 

giyf» ftioemm!Mlk)i».pC ^f ifffesMU 
dnd have only itk Ihe iKieiiti lioKtttl 
•dd^ that odC cqrr6^M»Q49<l^ hav- 
iiig.ioe«asiMt to fffopml 4m«<!^ 
IM» lo Damtetmi tigmt^AMi 

«3f«^!with aD.£^sh.fflBS^iinM 
ibc. Brili^ C9im)>:«i|d wh^f^vof 
iti«r|i»dc(KMd> meivj^jvpofti^uMl 
tohildreii^ cam^ flof^Hiog- ^. ihp 
£aok8 ofithe Nile fi»» ti^ liife 
ftnent viUifM^^xaUioaMns witbiMr 

fvhen ftriU the Emg^idi ^pfldusi ti^ 
ease ui of the dreadful opmiMpf 
a^eiand ooir £uAilie#4aU3r aodhcxirly 
lixperience uoder the fw^seot. f^ 
^yvmaumt.'*^— Those miserable p^% 
fie further oh«erved» that they ^ 
heeD plundered by the Turks, mi 
laundered by the Fren^> but ney^ 
viHas rthere a MDgte ini (ai^ of tyran- 
ny, oppression, or plunder^ Gom<- 
iiiitled by the Eogjish, duric^ Ifaeir 
-Way ia £gn>t, never was aoonir^ 
tetion kvied hj the Britiih Gene- 
ral} oD tbecootiarv^ iMy pai4 Uf 
M. <aupidies wUb uie qooal ^criipu- 
dons eMCtoess* 

n ^'H$pgfyful (addseurcon^fi- 
^pondcnt) as an EAg^ahociao* in bear- 
jUg^tcatirnQpy of the l^gih cbsm^ 
.t^tmA estioiation par f^ottntiyp)^^ 
ylK«re;^held hi throaghoiU M&fK. 
cwf: i?it»* 15»— Acomnta .n^acbed 
iCairo,et)P!i^i!^ iofinifiiatjpo of his 
J^^^je^tyli fni^ Ai^go rhaviofl^fai^ 
4lic»red «tAh(»ukir> .<with.hi8E3^^ 
dMQ9r..£lphy Beirut 6011P. Stn^i 
^ihitrMa^^ke: chief, x»D somepo- 
rlitical missioned accompanied tlie 



p^ forJMft^^nu^Qibcf 

3miai«iMii(fK4tWfttLfe^ .1 

%wF^ttqr«riwJbw wiwwsj »! 
wfiftopiy.' wk^t ,j^fv^, 8f^ 





xespectina the fete of .thif,)|D^^c^i 
R^^pt#f,^i^ it .was.^^tune 
j^WP^ *ayk,vh€^.lw4,li9^.^B^t 

fe>. ^fflifithe^lstj 
^Uis^teKtififuEvnationr 

<<>he^itetHwas. 
»» .ni^M>g:;» fiiepd^ 
.w|k)^ jfo^ppSied ^, witj 
dromedary to cw^fiyJt^ijryKfPW'l 
JC>elU; |w^thtgre^fii$pu%got 
in^ thf^ 1^9i^it^.bf^ 



the^irilkg^pfjj 
to thehc3>^se, 

jthe, Afal^.J^eik i$cdud,');»wf 
^(biQpix^t, the Witc^q^. 
^aveh'iff^ ^protections gn 
i^fS^Qcliiry^, and with a^^ 
pendant, be %4. joto the iL,^-^,.^ 
jthe:dwrt. , «?*>w<ttt^ olJpMac^ 
.^ tlp^ ryrJu^ ijtt^ 
hd4 wre; s^qpedfry.th^.jfi?^ 
ii$h^ npf^topi, tha?|, jt^ejr w!?Jfi w 
tribe, of JBie^oi;^! |br insj^n^^^i iJT 
you .nwrtcaf r8 '^/tiWr^. <?v^^ 
i|oit,of an J^p( tj>e tw^, -,f«, 
.inunediateljr fly i^to tb^ !lH>i^,ii! 
iWi^tive or fspsTt ypw pp^^ 
is safe, nor will ne deuver y9u up 
while imploring his protection. 

"The 




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EGYFT. 



139 



^'Tbe English gorerxunent loaded 
HjAy Bey with very valnaUe pre* 
peots, all oi widch had arrivei in 
tfie* Aigo> and were coany^A ^ 
(keMBetoRosetiai fbewbokMl 
kito-ihe hands of Ostnan Bay; 
Aldaa^olhe?tfaiiiciwa9 lis ttUf 
)^'8"ttctai«^ fic^ let with i«a^ 
aidMb, -^i^fiich was pfetBii^ totfai 
B^hay he hid a piilMd aodif* 
«bttat^¥ri>dsor. "mintefpretai 
of JEim'^ ^ Ik^dMe) fett hitd 
if#l8i&r«t^ ^ AJbtoiatt/ aiid 
it$»itxit'd^'^ Cairo, to Ounan 
tt^'^jMtMAeasMl^the ^paompl 
m^i^t^ oTibe BHthh k^esMeAti 

'^It^itpt^ '^Wfct Blfihy Bey w«i 
iBmkJU^h^f^^^ tor ^ihe 

B^«giOfe6iftatt P4)«fcJ iie da* 
i^?^*%f Irf^/bwiFtoitotty, ftiBy 
rtb«llfi«' of the' sinceiify and 
^ 6iA €gy;>il^d^l^^ British 

jlte %i^^'»^ik'*8ea&§ 1(4^ *en- 
^^^'IIHo^'V kl&id^ <^ 

'^^^ ^hJVlRriadittg -yi^sa" heard 

^ Steafi/'^ Spon kfttfr ii ^eftdr 

iie^ iri- im^ pr^te iniatiner 

^■-Stiib- 8He9t, -froBS O^ttiafl 

^'^ B ifrpradenf tb nuAe)^^ 

K^^oiher/lrftff tl>ar&6^ they 

ittSted'.ltrilli sftf (hbit 

*t 'in jpbftM^!»1<!*i ' of tM\?o'', 

^'Kfej?irtvhed«h'e*^dtid'e^«h 

fe Befloditts tor jfemfKenTr camp 

i^^^^F, ^bd ^"^tc^ ^e 'A^db 

I*ateS^ ^^ d^aft^r he^had^^fW- 

tillSaRtiS tmgagi^ttt^ntA ih'^esc6rt% 

a carivSftoTCafcbSttt^z; - • ^ 

lie British add French" c6psdls 




fihdtog dwj eo6U not'j^ralrol th^ 
respecthre piote^ett fiom the haai^r 
oeotribulion levied^ departed < &ooa 
Qtkth fbr Akau»Kbia# a fcw dam 
ttftiotit to te iBM^tiott, •CD tb# 
MIth Match) hadi ^it hoiis 
were attacked hy the fndatofy 
lobbeiawha lurk on the hankii cf 
iheKUe t they raAdiad Eoiatta with 
the loM of two men. • ' 

^' Naver waa Bgyptkoown to ba 
ki andb a dejdondMastate at withht 
die last tweWemooths. The inha^ 
Mlaotaaro so ignorant of European 
fab&:# that they are at a Iqsa t6 
icccmnt^ and appear muGhtarpriaed 
at the En^ish eracuatiag Egypt^ 
and dier expanding so mwdi Uood 
and treascne.— Bad as they- were 
under mpcibHcan of^iressioo^ stifl 
it was far preferable to what they 
bhre since sitfared vmder those wk^ 
have alternate^ held the reins ef 
government in Cairo. 

'** Nor has Alexaftdriftbeen ftee 
ftidtn trouble. InNevember^ 1803> 
the: Turkish troop»> m retumtM 
feom exercise^ and inpassmg thT0O|^ 
tbd quarter allotted for the reur 
denize tif the Hurt>pcan&, most 
-#a!rt6iily fired, with ball, into the 
hbuses of the consuls. 
^ '' R^ittonstrahcee were made ta the 
P^ha 6f Alexandria, but who »- 
tafned a Verbal message, saying h^ 
had noicttitroul over bis tit)Ops. 
'*' Ota ^e^lbDowmgday the insults 
was repeated j a shw wa* fired 
^ffifi^ugR the BusnaiCflagi, Swedish 
iirms, «md into ^ £^ish oohoc^ 
-hotise; laio' siAts£ictk>n ttMitd:.:be 
obCfiini^ !^ fhi&^iftilHMbtts ifmnsgi. 
A rriefitftigof'an'thfe^teHls^'lWJk 
^f4ride; 'and' Ih^ tmadlhiOttsly ciAme 
4o the r^ctotfon^f $triktog>the}r 
'tesp^iite^agg'^st3ft(t^, itatimA 
-pt6t^tynr i6it4x)arith(^i>irlteh^ii*. 

-t&ni ^th^vfety" hi^^«*siifdt. 
' aridin^m^cnntel^-^^^te^iafTte^ 

frigate 



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ASIATIC ANNMOAL REGISTER, 1804. 



ipwf liwi . Ibe oonnik hat^ a 
iwNtl to oary tbbk roipBC^vo l^gs 
toOooiGuitiBOfltt, aadiiavlng ilifr* 
]Nrtckod • iKry 'vpub ibKifininfii ^ 
uteiflin Tuitil an tmi w f was re^ 
^Onittd fiom their cupecthe am*' 
iNuwdors. 

' "AAerMmaltuiigaboQttendajtt 
on board the T\EDrkish fngate> tbe^r 
wifere totniated to come on shore 
I7 the Pftsfaa, and iiriih assorancea 
4if fvotooUon^i^ Pasha (this was 
II19 oian tbit wts afterwwds manv 
dered by the Mameiokes) m&t tlie 
consuls on the beach, received 
them with gveat pomp, aodeodea* 
VBQied'to give them every aatisfao* 
tion, promised a guard 10 protect 
thMr respective houses andotifeted 
to atotte^ as far as in bis poweTi 
for the insults cecflived/* 

^ Bxiruct qf «. LeiUrfrom S«ex. ' 

, *' 1 have been delighted beyond 
all expectation with my pissage 



iotnf^Egypl. However much the 
mass of people may be sunk in 
hdrfaBiism, I met' at tl>e -several 
piaces of Cairo, Rosetta, aid 
Alexandria the most particular aty 
tention from gentlemen of the 
most agreeable manners, and full 
ef infocroation. The antiquities 
of this coimtry, which we are all 
taught from our mfanqr to look up 
to. with a degree of veneratidd, do 
certainly, on a near inflection, 
strike the miwi with • uncommon 
wonder; it is iaxpossible to describe 
to 70U my aensatioiia of surprize 
when placed within a few feet of 
the great pyramid. I was almost 
lost in astontsbment -, then the con- 
tmsc fhvt natttfally arises as if IVo^ 
viAence whbed 46 give the mosi 
striking example of the inst^iOty 
of human affitirs ^ . how prosperous 
wkstmffe thta countryj howooM 
dtsgraded, the histodj of tb^wM^d 
does not ^e^xstps tmir vq in^Usnct 
of *pcaplc*oaDre abject.**. r , ,'^ 



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-.r. 



1 u/ 

' : '•' •'; *^ 



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CIVIL APPOINTNDENTS, -&€. 



' M ..' 



O&EteAt. 



July, 1803. 
Mr. J. W. Skei^r, sab^coantatt ff^ 

Qcr4l,ftni aoUxinunt to the board of 
,inde^% m th<; rooni, of Mr. H. J. Da?, 
' 'rclC deceased. 
Mr. Richaid Turner, hcad^stant^i «!ic 

«fOlinW»tkcneral*sofficf. * ' ' ' '' 
Ml Jtiward GohiinR, supetTintjQebiit qf 
, iumps in lUe rofwn of Mr- T* JOasfcfcj' 

Uck W.^a. Kees, sttsUttut judge of -Aft 
r ckyof Pafnt. * ' ^ . * 

ik, W^^odk, ass^^4ud^c of ihc, 

ziluo of iJippca./ 
Mr. H. WilltiiiscSf)Vai^fetartt'jbagcof the 

nllah of Tirhooi. • 
Mr. A. M. Willock, aisisum judge of 

the zilUh of Behar. 
Mr. A. Cockbum, register of tbe pro- 
vincial court of appeal, and court of 

circuit for the division of Patna. 
Mr. T. Woodfiard, register of tb« |*rcv' 

viocial court of appeal and court of 

circuit for the division of Moor&heda- 

had. 
Mr. H. Parryi register of the dcwanny 

Adawrlut, and attistant to ihc^nagistrate 

of the ziUah of Bcerbhoom. 
Mr. H. JDumblctoii, ditto, ditto, at Jcs* 
• lore. 
Mr.C. Chisholme, ditto, ditto^ of Jaun- 

pore. 
Mr. W. Morton, ditto, ditto, of Midna- 

pore. - • * ' 

Mr. J. W. Grant, ditto, ditto, of- Mir- 

zapore. 
Mt. W. Blont, dkto, difto, of Nud- 

deah. 
Mr. J. -French, dktof ditto, of Pamcah. 
Mr. C. Patton, ditto, ditto, city of Pan^a. 
Mft JtQies PattonV ditto, ditto, of zillah 

Wr. r.'Moreaii, dkto^ ditto, of SyJhet/ 
9di G. C. Masters, ditto, ditto, of ^attin. 



Mr. F*Fa«quic<t,dHlikdrtto,of TipWraBi 
Mr. J. H.rlBi»dkrbMtt, ims^SS^^i 



Mr. W. P. Potts, ditto, ditto* oTFur- 
' ruckabad. -•>'-'. 

Mr. C. Grcsme, collectoroffilieerbllbtfttK 
Mr: jh'AdiM^imMnf w the .dbUeoMr 

of JDacca. r -7,^ 1 

Mr. D? Morrieson, asaistaitt to 4^ coW 

lector of BeifaiQs. - 
Mr. J. Shakcspear, assistant to tbe col* 

kdoriof fimerbhopmc . ^. 1 
Mr. W.'M.. Fleming, assittnt to the 

coUector o£ Sartm. 
Mr. a. J. Powcl, asiUiaDtilo the col- 
. lector of Shahibad. 
Mr. W. Paton, assistant to the cottccior 
"df'Tirh«orv ^ . ■','/' ^ < 
Mr. £. Cuthbert, assistMtt to iho lecye- 

tary in the Oude department. 

October. 

Mr. John Wilhon, agent for the provi- 

f ^dh 6f opium in tbe province of Be- 
haf, in the room of Mr. Playdell, de- 
ceased. 
J^ Thomas Brown, member of the 
board of trade, in the room of Mr. £d- 
monstone, deceased. 

Mr. D. Burges, essay floasterto the minty 

'< ife Benares. 

Mr.G. Rarenscroff^ register of ihcxil- 
lah court of Hocgly* 

At»RILi-l8o4. 

Mr. Thomas Brown, jMci9tery 10 the^On 
. vemrocm in liie pub^dq^artnents. 
Mr. John Cutton, a member of the 
• board ofi tradcw 
Mr. C. M. Rjckceis, secretsry to. the 

board 6f trade ia.tiks tab and opivM 

department. 
Mr. Joho TborrinU, sccrenry to th« 

board of trade. ^ ^ 

Mr. R. (^. iHow4eo,4baa auistaat 14 

theci^mk aMHthoQie keeper. . 

APKIt 



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142 



ASIATIC ANNUAL S£6ISTER> MH. 



Mr. 



APRIt. 



[r. Junes Money, commcfdal resideitt 

atuacu. 
The honorable Mr. A. Ramiay corubc^ . 

cialrcMcleiit at Jungypore . 
Mr. Toomas Abnham, comwcrrial «- 

sident at Luckipore and Chittagoog. 
Mr. Philip Coaltty commercial resident 

at Radnagore. 
Mr. Samuel Bcachcroft» commercirf i^ 

sident at P^itna. 
Mr. Joseph Bcroard $miili» camnorcidl . 

resident nt Cusaimbaaar. 
Mr. H. W. Droz, commercial lesideai 

u Bauleah. 
Mr. Charles S%»eedlaad, aesidciil it 

Kecrpoy and MidoapOfQ. . 
Mr. T- w. Paxtom commeicialfctidcnt 

at Santipore. 
Mr. John Forsyth, coauncrcial leiideQt 

at Hurripaul. 
Mr. J. P. Larkins, sub-expM^waididaie 

keeper. 
Mf.J.J.B.Proby, ooUecfoc4»r Ctk 

cutta, and of the twenty-four Pfilgun- 
- nahi. 
Mr. Andrew Slin 



by, Msaltani tm <hc 
DtatCumlofci. 
Mr. Samuel Beachcroft, commercial ic* 

lidcnt tt BaukrahL 
Mr. Phi Up CoaleSf coiicrcial lesident 

itPatna. 
Mr. H. W. Dfoz, commeidal reaident 
tt " ' 



Mr. JoKph Bcnard Snkby cohnoaereial 
icsidentat Radoagofe. 

MAY. 

Mr. Smoel Davis, aMouat»tjRBeral, in 
thf loott of Mr. JHbuy SLCeorge 
Tucker, fcaigpKd. 

The gntwrnrir gfpml ia cooDcii»,b 
plcaaed ttr noniBBtt lieufeBjaDi Wil- 
ltam% q£ ikr |d iMtttlna Mutffiment 
native in&ntiy, to officiate as Bcnba 
interpreter to tbe-honorable licutcoaDt 
coL MonaatK ~ ' 1' ' . .H./.y^OlJ 

SUPREME couiiirull;' J * 

His praeHesicy the modt iMit KHo^- 
Gamuts WeJleOr^, ILT.lgSmsabr 

General lord lake, commander in 

StrGeoq^e KSars BaHewi IwC €b'snl»*^ 
cced.asgovcrnei'fceQtM. ^' 

Gcora Ddoey, ci^. /::^'^^., 

ffinXom dat c faf scfctfetaiy^^ • ^ ''^' 

rieii B« EdmOrtstooc, atcftlafy" ^'Mnt 
flecict^ ponacBi, aoo lofcign -wflan^ 
menu; Persian secretary.^ . ' i i. 

Tfioman Bfown, Mfetiffin Uitf jlMK 
<icpartmeot: •" ? • ; ?^J . 

George Dowdeswdl, lecrQliiy^^ 'f^ 
revenue and Judicial 4M|taiM ' 

Joho^orbes, &epe^^ Ad'^eebitlsi^ 






MADRAS. 



fcUj> 



"■:'[ 



1 iM 



MAY, 1803. 

Mr. G. Parishi collector of tbc ziUahof 
Raamad, atid 6f the proviiioei of 
' Dindinl and Madura. mt. ., . e*^'-^/* JwJ^ 

Mr. H. S. Groeme, to\ that part of Co- Mr. R. H. Lai!iom»Judg|c oC t^^^^ 
ent under Mr. Hurdii . of Kamnad. ^ 



JUDICIAL DEPA*r*ffi^ 

Mr. T, & Hurdis, f<tB^^r to ^^djfcr 
Adawlur, and sudder Foojdaity ijififff' 
lut. 



imbacore at present \ 

Mr.G. F. Travera, and Mr. F. Gaha^ 

can, subordinate collecton in the ceded 

districts. 
Mr. D. Crawford, collector of the zillah 

of Guntoor and Pldoaud. 
Mr. C. H. ChuichiU, do. of the do. of 

Rajahmundry. 
Hon. Lf Q. K. Mumy, do^ of the do. 

x]lf Vitteipaiam. 
Mr.C. Elhs, Aant under othe collec- 

ter gf the oortbeni dmsiaa t£ Arcot. 



Mr.T. Newnham, re^ster of the zillah 
ofdo. . 

M. A. G. Blake, register of the provin- 
cial court of appeal and circuit for the 
ix>rthem division* 

Mr. A. H. Kelio, do. of the zillah of 
Guntoor. 

Mr. S. Skinner, judge of the zillah of 
Rajahmundry. 

Mr. R. Aleiandcr, do. of do. of Vi» 
gapatam. • 



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mOMkS CIVIL APPOINTMENTS, 1809. 



143 



Mr.TbofiiisChiUy,'rBgMK^<b^di^' Mr. Edward Wood, asststanc to tberr* 

of do. ■^'"'- - j:. ~ ^* eisierofthesudderAdawlutaxKl sadder 

Mi; A. Wilson, da of the do. of H^ih* roujdarry Adawlut. 

Buadiy. ; > llbbqfabics VaasbaiH assistant dndcr the 
— iii- vhCl..^..r.£2 iM secretary to tfaQ tcvenue and judicial 

PUBUC I>EPARTMfiNT.:>-:: itpmMnt. 

Mr.Tbooat Fraser, dq^g^.^actonnuibt .^Mr^ ^ibiutl Ruisri, do! do. 

gaeial; Mr. J. y^ Ai^niM^'ieqfetary. 

and accottotam to^be smkits toad.. January 1804. 

Mr. G^Mdcic, d«|«ty !^pQ«M3micr i^e- Mr. JvMi Vaifi(]mi, auistanc uttder t|it 

DeraB t! - n' ' !^-*- • ir ' collector of Ncllorc. '* 

li -.^-^.^-i .;.) Mr. Joseph OwerAill, commdreial tresis ' 

COBdMERaAL DEPARTMEOT'; dent in the ceded districts. 

Mr. Charles Winx, sccrefaiy to the Mr. Thonm I^nid, coifttacrcrdl 6f^ 

boaidinrtde :*/.,^4.,;. to the honorable Cooipat^y on Ac 

n,' -tiit;.ioi05^^,^i^J r..n: .m.^- -. .^SfiftlUiliS ftTchc CDSttii|g yfar- . ^^' 

Mr- Taawc IM>»i«/in- <agct i*[latg lft.tnCJft* ■ ■ 

""'y M %fl ii^ i » .'m m ^iv ^- REVENUE app6intmeKt» 

• ~-- -' ' »- -^ circuit and appeal in the nofthchi divi- 

Major William Macleod, ^oHectM* of 
the southern division of ArQOi« '<' 



xtor, ID the northcfi^ division 

Mr. Ja^^^.Wda|Jrt ?*ft«t^ 
col]^ic|of,orCci^nbatQr($ . , , 



JULY, 

Mr. John Dennis, master attendant at 
the port of Puilicut. -^ ■* - - - . 



MAY. • • :• ■ . 

Gecm Strachey, esq. acting prvtatete^ 
' CTCtary to the right honorable the ^o- 
■trem o r , during the absence of major 
. general Dowdeswell. 
SEPTEMBER. /, /JWr. Charfes Higginson, deputy levenuc 

Mr.TerrickHamilton,Persiantrwl4(y.'^^«cdMtotant. ,^ ^ ,. 

to the government. ^^' James Drummond, subordinate col- 

Mr. C. H. Higgtnson, assistant to the '^^^ »" ^.J^o^if^^**" Malabar, 
accbuntant gcncna and civil auditor. - -Wr. Thorny Henry Barber, da do. 
Mr. John Lcmg, register to the judge of Mr. John Hodppn Pearson, do. do. 

dR«aWni|ViiW. . " - 'Mr. JamcsWilsbn.'do.do. 

ifeWEm C^ -Mr. Edward Wood, deputy register to 

""^VfiteW^ ^ sudder Adawkt, and suddcr rouf- 

'•*M&^'^* ' . 1. .:'>^^ ^'* a*>' AdiVfiut. -^ • 



if .,1 tj 



; - ).• * » «A HH" ,;iV> U.J ^y. 



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14* ASf»38g; iU iii Wfc >aPMiraft ipm. 



- BOMBAY. 


. 







Hugh Monro, esq. to Be disfdm jJusU/ iSf. ItoBSiTdcy Sftuth, to be 

at Surat, vice St^cr, gofic home. general. ^ 

J. A. Craigie, esc]. to be assistiiit nf lllr: Elinwl ! Strettel, tpr.hr 

ditto, vice Monro, promoted. counsel to the honorable compaajr. . 

John Law, eso. to be seflior'^iyhitpt; Atfgttioil^.-lftodiey, esq; commeitiil 

vice Scion, deceased. ^ resident" Anjttigo, vice Parry, caScd 

Peter Le Messurier, esq. ditto^ dktOf vict ~ intoconnci). 

^per, gone home* . ' JidM* Slrv«l<li|. Idine depoty w»e- 

. '' /^ house K eep er , vice WaddcU, ap poi n ied 

. JDtY. ' ^ conuniMny of provisiont to the fbrcei 

Mr. J. H. Casamajor, ai^stant tihoeir " onder the command of coL Musray. . 

the secretary to the board of icvenQc. Jobn Mbirisdd, eaq. h^d assittaot 10 

Mr.AichibiUDpMUs,mIinii^^<l^^<*^ the ooHectohaod'itgMr to the ctibrt 



and garrison storckcqpaiv w tDiy>pio«> i>f spiiipii' ai Suiat, vica^in|^HIii| 'W 
vncfrnr HUwtr. signed. 

• \ » >* J. L Soil io V, osq. seOMpT i 

aocost; ' t * thrcoHeotorkrSiini; * 

J6se|>fa Cmnberiege, esq. appointed so- .p /"^ . *:,» 

Hcitor to the honorable c 
Hall, proceeding to Engl 



;sq. appointed so- 
biecompny, vice 
Englana.. ^ 



CEYLON. 



.'»',» ;^ 7 I % 



/ . h ,1 >'- - . > .tI? 

. ma>x.i8o3p " ^,^j .J W.Miteoiucty,e^.'i33«|^<fim 

Ceorge Lulion^ esq. to ,be 9§Bism of W* CampbelLes^ (Utjip> j^^tc^^fihi^^^^^ 

feveoue and commerce far the* dist^i^ JohnJi^acdoaJl, esq! custom aoMfCr of 

of laffhapdktam. .v. . ..1 , ^ 
T. W. Carrington, esq. to be assiitant ib 

James Barclay, esq. to be nest assistant to tor the boborabic compaay, cm tbt 

the agent ^ reveoue and commerce of island of Ceylon. 

Cokidibo. "Mr. Henry Stevenson, nkistcr attoitet 

Hi the ports in me district of ChicacOk. 

gJUILT. .... f .3. -»; 

W. Modtgbltle^, taq. a^Afof revenue DECfiMBfeR. 

aod commerce for the district of Point Alexander Wood, esq. to be fty-matier 

de Gallc. general. 

James DonktD, esq. sitting magistnte Alexander Adell, esq. to be agent of 

for the towa, fan, and dittrtct of Jaff- revenue andcoouBefce, for the district 

naMcan. of Colombo. 

H* A. Mafshall,eiq. ditto, ditto, Trio- Richard Flasket, esq. to be depo^secfe* 

oomat6e« tary 10 government, and secretary to 

H»>j(*l4MB|<ttsq* dtttOv dat«o» Bati- - the council. « : V 

CjHQp* Edward Tolfrey, esq. id be roister of 

the 



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CEYLON CIVIL APPQINTM^NIS. 145 



the iMgb court of appall and coaunb- co macrcc will ceam on the 3tft De- 

uoocroT stamps. cember, aod oa th6 sd Januaiy, a new 

John KcHmti, eiq. to be ooilectarof sea hwrd vUl be •opsMId^ consisting of 

nmom.lor (Me pOftofX}bhitebo. the (bUowtog membeit. - 

Mr. Fraocis Smith, ^to be fint ckrk in Thechief secretaiy to be piesidciic. 

ibe tfcaiuiy office. The vioe-trenufer. 

All these app oin tm ent s to take place The paf^oaster goacfal, 

on the 1st of Januaiy, iBo^. The aocouotam*geoenl, 
-»— r Tobemeabu4i 

The present boaia of revenue and Henry Powncy, esq. to be secretary. 



ESTABLISHMENT 

AT fEIKCJK OF WALSS^S ISLAND. 



cotf I9C 1 1. Mr. AlteNi^ 

«iq» governor andT titt- 1*f ^ mtmbeif* 



_„ J. H. Oliphint. esq. waidiouM keeper 

Jeb*iiofnOlifhBnt» a^ A.Gray, esq. supennteodant of nvinei. 

Aiexander G«ay, «%. Cape N. Mc. AUtHor, coamaodanc. ^ 



Cipiaitt Nonnnii, 



ESTABLISHME^ft AT CANTON IN CHINA. 



SELECT COMMITTEE Thomas Charles Pitttle, esi|« 

&Druni«iood, esq. presideec John Wm. Roberts, oq. 

t i^atfby «f(i. Members. ^ 



wru- 



EfiS'AfiLI^IMBNTS AT SUMATRA. 



Waber Ewer, cai).„^oiqii^ifioDer. Pap|;^li&iiwDao« Mc.Lan(U<«ouui^, 

I.-. M ' 

. • ... lOJ * ! - i t " - • ■'^ ' • ■ • 

in •: J • .f -.' - 

Vol. 6. • ^^ + i - *- » b loJ . iRLTTARr 



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MILITARY PROMOrriONSi &c: 



h.lU 



BENGiUft 
/n #Ae Hen, Company's Troops ^' 






l|fi*^GovERwoR General m' 

Council. 
During the absence of licotenant-coloncl 
Gcorjgc HartouTt, from the prcsidcncyi 
capttin J. Armstrong is to net as mi- 
litary secrciaiy to hit cxcdlcncy the 
most noUte the covemori 




[cner^ and 
forces 



most noble 
> tapiain^genei^l oF all the 

in the East Indies. 
'Capunn John Leathan, to command the 

Burdvan provincial battalion. 
Captain Jolui Stewart, to command the ; 

ratna provincial btttalion.„ 
Lieutenant Ludlow to command die Be^ 

nifci provincial battalion* 

The anideitnenhDiied gcntlemeQ hayinfr ' 
produced tegular certifies, art admittcJ 
cadeu in this pcesidency. 
C<Wtf/pH-ClTarles Duncan. 
iVf/SiMr^f-^Witliam Blackwood, Henry 

Sooct l^ylor. 

OCTOBER. 
O- O. FORT WILLIAM. 

Hi^exEcIlcticy the most noble the govern: -^ 
nof^geocrai hat receiveda dispaK^ from' ^ 
the ngbl ho*, ford Hclbarti one of hit 
iflu^csiy^ principi^ teoretanes of stat^,* . 
toiignify to the fOfVemor-geperal hit ^ 
. joaj^^'s o«$i gijiciiiit peiSMon to ^ 
•coept. and lb ^»iir tk l^onpr cdblened ^ 
upontfaegoi vcst i Q r ^ei Mi r al tyAegiwkl ! 
mfpMf^ aa tne^fwtoi fbtcftj^ttn^^ 
the An tank; iogetl|er wkbttis ram- 
i's «pnit«aiiit to the f^vtfoor^*^ 
ic^ M^^f^ tftteittd^ds per- 
il to HMW^lprnerar BniVf atid 
totbe other MKerHHli»Kcfei«ceived; 
-^•.. waaAm- komrt iNMtt t^ Oltonaa 
n>...:tourt, ' ; • -' -'• -i- •■ - ■ • '•' 

' < . Uiftwjtt^ hai tbo MMto^tfd df Uie go* t . 
•ri.x %tfttHNMn«l hiii9% iMo^be^ intiK* ' 
.'n>.M3tuii6f'J«be.«udddilV«fUf Ilk^xceT: ^ pre 
:»j(/- kn^ Mi^'vautelbM} theV^^Accrt'.-'^ beMi 

abovemcQtiODed to weavtlie'ra^ccive ^.-.Wt t^fQ**^ 



badgtstransroittcd'to ihtv\hy 
seigDor, urtil hii miij&fs Jj»1 
should bemadb known, to the" 
nor-gcncral 

DECEMBER.; 
' ■ fc. O. FGTRT WUtlA>i;; 

Ordered, that dat^s <pl rtolc t4 W^^p^ 
to (he undermeni^ptved o$6(ft^ca* 
valry and la&mty ^ MlO^s r Ijtti tbt 

•: the dates of rank whfctr hiyc Wn ai- 
leady assigt«:d to any of the <ttccis 
mcmioi)ed in the following lists be 
cancelled. 

Canrafijr-Vitaiamix colonel George 
Haitiyman, to be /iolonel tnom the 
17& of JhilJ;, : 189T. Vite ^cnDV«»tl 
retired. Majijr Walker Dali^ raw- 
cett, to he lieuteftant-CQionr! tnm the 

'^ 17th of July, 1801, i^ice Hai^noaD 
proinotedV M^Or Thom^ IBirofm, to 
be lifnitenant-cobnel figgg,|1^ «><) ^ 

leased. CaDtaih lU/btv^ V^Pe, U> 
.be niator. ftotft ihfc ,I7* f? -CT* 
tScnv gice l^w^ct^ jpttotiiwd./ tap- 
tarn Pbjcr Bbck,, tb 1)e ibi^joc^fm 
. -the'aiJhdf Jajitijiiy; ^^^ 

^^|>^9^#*W3ifc iipai of 



-iierVf 




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BENGAL MILITASY ^ROMOItOKS. 



147 



Cadet L. R. DiduGO, to be a cornet, 
cavaliy nok, 1st Janiiarv, i8o2» armv 
tank, inhDiauf,,\%ok. .Qfi^S^ 
Smith, to De cornet« cavalry lank, sd 
January, 1802, anxtytank, ist Janu- 
ary, 1802. Cadet James -Luiuiifliii 
to be cornet, cavalry tank, ^d January, 
1S0&, army rank, 1st Jaouai^, Aa8o«v ^ 
Cailet John Apsley, to be c^Mt^ ta^ * 
valryranky 4th Jaiwacy, 1802. army 
rank, 1st January, 1802. Caoer, {L 
Fuzgerakl, to be corftet, cavalry raoki 
Adi Januw, 1802, army rank, Mt 
Jaouaiy, iflosu .. -."• : 
la/ojuiy^lACai. colonel James Pringle, 
. ,^9J3C colooeW from ibe i6tb Novem- 
ber, 180a, vice Ellcrkcr, decL<i>ed. 
Licutcnant-coloncl Heorv Hyudmnn, 
to be colonel, fromihc 141^ December, 
i8o2, vice pv'cr, deceased. Lieute- 
nant-colonel John Fen wick, to be co- 
lonel, from the £6ih of December, 
1802, vice Brisco, deceased. Major 
''I' R. Dunk ley, to be Ucutenaiit-colonel, 
from the 4th of July, iBoi, vice WaU 
'. ker, deceased. Major Forbes, to be 
^, iJcutcnant-colonel, from ihc jyth of 
July, 1801, vice Makcoiie, rciired. 
Major Siimucl Jonci, to be Ueulcnant- 
, cgioocl, from ihc loth of Auuust, 
/' j8oi» vice Hilllard, deceased. Major 
Geor|rc Prole, to be iMruieimnt-coloiicl, 
from the 3oih of June, 1B02, vice 
JoflcSj, deceased. Major Jaraes Col- 
fintf lo ' be ltcu(enan[-coIonei , from 
the J 2th. of August 1802, vice Grant, 
retired. Major VVilliam Lally, to be 
licuienanKoloncl, from the 8th of 
Scplfc^niber, i8ofi, vjcc Hajiiilton, 
deceased- Major Leonard 



Rowstmme, to bftnwfor, from the 10th 

L •Ca|t^^e^tetlabl; 9Cl M. Wegudio, 
to be captain, firom tiie loth Augtut, 

1801, vice Rowstorne, promoted. 
: Lteuteoant W. G. Palmer, to be cap- 

uio lieutenant, from the loib August, 

' > afio I , vice Weguelin^piomoied . Cap- 

. *tSiin lieutenant W. G. Palmer, to be 

. captain, from the 22d August, i8oi» 

_. vice Long, invalided. Brevet capuia 

and lieutenant Samuel Denny, to be 

captain lieuten^t, from the 22^ of 

Au^t» 1801, vice Padmer, promoted. 

Ensign Edward Dav, to be lieutenant 

from the 29d of August^ 1801, vice 

Denny, pronaoted. Brevet captain and 

lieutenant Qcone Downle, to be cap« 

uinlieutci^ntr.from the iftth of June, 

1802, vice Denny, retired, iiih June> 
1802. Ensign John Johnstpiiy to be 
lieucenaot» from the i2th Tune, i8bt»^^ 
vice Dowoie* promoted. Captain lieu- 
tenant George Downie, to be captain* 
from the 22d October, 1802, vice 
Clcoberry, deceased. Brevet captain 
and lieutemmt Peter Lettlqoh% to be 

.^ptain licutcoaoty from the 22d of 
October, i8o«r vice Downie, promo- 
ted. Eo^n James Auriol, 10 be Keu- 
tcnant, from the g;2d Octoboi^ 1802, 
viceLitdcjohd, p[ioaKMe«l. ' 
,m NiUwt r^^Mii&y^-i-Cwpt^in Tb^as 
Hawkins, to be m^or, from tbe goth 
June, i8o2».yic< Prole, j)fQmoted. 
. jJdgma lieu^Eman^ Robert JSroughton, 
to oe capuin, fromi.Kbe» doib June, 
1802, vice Hawkins. Brevet captain 

and. lieut^qant W. Ci*PPflKC» to be 
_.-^^ ^..T .^^^ 

B. 

the 



3c , . , Mth j[iS«^ 4^j?^ YiceCuppi0e. 

c-,, f^^Jiatm'^ iW«W/7-Cap^iflM James 



Simpson, 
^ ..lobe licutcuaut-coloQcl, from the 16th 
* '^^ N'dVcrtibcr, }8oa, vice Piingle, pro- 
'^' labted . M dj Of Fames Humer, . to be 

•^,'^': Ijcatcqant-coloncl, from the l4,tli Dc- ^ ^ .^ _ _,, ^^_^ 

'"*'"';.GJmbcr, "l^os, vice HyndinaJi; pro-' r.'tLj?oii,,jin||^W^^ 
?V>ot«d. . Major Archibald ^e^guson, ,„ ,§i^ , imkv^%A^ Hm^^ pro- 

, '^ to beJicujenHni-coloucl, from she 26th , > mfm* ;BfifV^.€9piain<Tif9mRf iSiaun- 
^astpc^hcu i$a2. vice fepwick; ^^ W^tWl^pjliilfc^A^ July, 

;^ iVf<irjioted. Mjuot George Bell, to ,j, „^j^vjop|Hi^a;.,j|C«MHl..u-Brcvet 
nam^otoocl, from., tk rath ,.^q^pM .^ be 

1803. vice CQlUMs,4cQeased.. /oi^ Oti-August, 

: ^)r Ch-cirlcsStu^rtjtobc.pcuteuanu,., ^yfel> J^H^T-JgaWtond. >j Bumtntaptain 
'unci, from jjie 2Ui pt Jwm^r>>^,,,.,^,^j,ft^l^ll|,^l4,-^|j|l»iariWbilc^»»tO be 
>3/"vtce. Lairy, dtcejsed, Alajof^^j,^l5l[^iai§^Jic«|iW>nt>ifcCHil tfafittih Au- 
'f.ii Wiiuamijto be Itcutqijani-co- gutt, ipoif vice CampbelliooEnsign 
u:!, froa; tKc fi^d J*ai\lLiryv 1803^^ , ^ofcp(^||^^^Q>|fe|iBamiK^^ 
' Wood, deceased. Mfijor Wilr .,... ijIpJu^Fj jU^'^J'^ lijrn ffji»lMam En- 
m M' Cuilpck, to he U^uif rwnt-co- ",'*./ .sig^ ^m^^illM^idK^ Scldicutenanf, 
' from the^^th^FcUp^ry, :. 1803,,. ^,;,fro(p. tbfcH^ vice 

t K 2 8^ Ifannje 



•SI 



Grant, invalided. 



fif 



' European regimera — Captain Lawrence 



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\m jJuatCMianiAL naanur im. 



EuUedct* lo be iiia}dr, froiii the 9th 
SefKcMlbcrrvide fc«M)r, p^f o rolcA . Cap- 
itmh \t&KHnmt IMeri Fratidsi fo be 

viad Riiite(%0^ Butvei cttpcikv ami 
. licqKwne Ftedmk Treficli> lo be 
.^ftptain iien^uiant^ from «fae iih '9^p- 
vitft^^iV ctoAy vice FfMids* EmHgn 

GhcuM>|Aer CiiMfii^, H> te iMCNtnlnt, 

{mm the 8th Sepcewhcr, f8c9, tke 

Arenfh* 

MacphcnoDt DO be oipoint from the 
fioih DbOomber, iSoi, yke MIchie, 
dccetfed. Brevet captain and licure- 
fiaai W. A« ThoiMOiH t& be capuin 
lieutenapt* from the 20th Decemocr, 
. ^01 1 vice Masphtreon, £nsign H. 
S. £. DtckujQ, 10 be lietitenant^ from 
„ inc ^ocb December, 1801, vice Thom- 
iion., . Captain lieuiciwnt W. A. 
Tbois^^, to be captain, from the 
loth May» 1802, v^e Baroby, de- 
ceased*. Brevet Giptaia and lieutenant 
.RobertBitrie, to be captain- iieuteinnt, 
. fooQi the toth' May, 1808, vice Tbom- 
tqfh . tnsigo R. C. Andre, to be 
^ 1ieutQ)ant, from tha loth May, 1802, 
;, yice' Bcrrie. 

,m 2^afivc rtgfuuni'^ttptixn Peter Bur> 

rowe», to. fft major, from the h>th 

'.. >Idtember, 1802, vice Simpson, pr6- 

*, mofjtd. Brevel captain and captain 

:\lKtiMnant Robert Maziwli, to be 

,. eaptala, froni the 16th KoTcmber, 

V* 1S02, vice 3«irrowes Brevet cap- 

. tafll and lieutenant JX^. Kjenn, tft be 

. iijipt^n UciKenant, from the I6th 

~ H6(embcr, IsO^vUfildomll £11- 

tiigQ xhoniaon Colvili; to be h'eutenant 

^ f mpi the ad of Jaowafy, lao2, vice 

/ 1*; Scott, deceatfid. ' Eiwipi Jam<s 

^. Kosei to be Keutepant, from the 11th 

Attgmst, 1802, vice M^nteath, de- 

(*:. .be lieutenant, from the 1 6th Novcm- 
. Ber, 1802, vice Kerrn. Captain WiU 
^^^^iam Sandys, to be ma|or, from the 
j,,j.S3d January, 1803, . vice Williams, 
^^^fcromoted Captain Ifeiitcnaat D. V. 
t,.;\KeriD, to be captain, from tlie 2fiA of 
' Jauuary, lt>05, vice Sandys. Brevet 
-j,^,V*pt3V^ and lieutenant j'ohn JUwtic, 
fe, be- Xi^itfrin lieutenant, ffrom the 
^^ Januafjri .180^ Vice Keriu, En- 
^n W . C . Ba4de; y, to^ he. licuteaant, 

fill iTtQiLioUrr, j^j: .^;o:'iJ{ . 
fW^.'j'-^9yrWt---^papUin Edwm 
il to be m^of,* from tlic '/0th y 




X)9fifMi(fy mH^ fwde Mr^sMfe, pro* 
fNOted. Capuiali6iireBaorA.Oree^ie, 
to b« «apMiiH from-clit 2ith Decem- 
ber, laok -»io« Ltoytf. l imtijba nt 
i Wllfi^m-SteiMfV to h<^ eipltitt liebte- 
'WmUfi, frMl the S9th Dectnlber, 16D3, 
VNwCreetti. l—ig«> MTMIiam Skrfne, 
tot be ttwuuM*, fpMn the* fi««h De- 
•cMabery M68, viee Ittenaor. ' 
0l*»M«ltoi^ J Ug ii MM , OipMllI 'Tb^mai 
T. i e net, to^be mi^, front 4be I9tb 
«f JaiMirf) MM, rht Bill, |^h>tno- 
tad. Oapeahi- llteteMuit As^lrew 
Bureh, to be captain, from die' isth 
9i Mnatf, 1#08> vm Btaaier. Bt^ 
fM ca|9tain and lieutetlaftt Edward 
' Attkctt,tio be eaptahi lieutcbtm, Mm 
the Idth of Jaamry, lads') -vhre 
Ber|(ii. Smigfn Geor^^e Vha^tnt; to 
be heateneet, from the 19th of ia- 

• naary, 1809, vice Allison. 

m AMi* Jbgimmi. Captaiii Letfkbert 
Loveday, to^ieiM^Or, from tfi^^tt 
x>f iamiiarf, l«C», ^ice Stoitft, pro- 
moted Oiptajn fieutfotieiit John Bul- 
leck, eobe captam, frota the ^Ist Of 
leMtaff^ 1«SS, ¥ice Loveday. B*-e- 

' wttcapitMiaiidltetttenaiitlohnAitiely, 

'- to beca^eam Kemenant, from the Slst 
of January^ 1808^ vice BuRock. £ji- 

' sign I^^einf Malin;, to be fientenent, 
«ram the -^f. ■ ■ ■ . .- ^.-^ce Oeorge 
Mmvafy died 'in Beropei fiisign 

• Relhmd, CO bie a lieut^nitftt, ftt>ni the 
lllst c§ la«iMry, 1803, Viee AiiMy. 
•Ceptatti Richard MtAeit, to bem^jor, 
from the 18th of Irfirch, 180S, vice 
Afkei-Moitioted. Captt^ neuteilBm 
John Aint>^; to betaptaln frotn tl>e 

' tBth of Ulai^h, l«©s, vke Ma- 

bertt Bretei ^atntdnand lieMtensmt 

Philip X3tvanp; «d ht^ A^f I& Kbixt^ 

' ilei«vi»dtnt1«»l%hor^MarcR, l«l&, 

>--viee. Ahisftsy. Bfasi^ ^t^^ert'^^^ayv 
don, to be lieutenant; ftoat Ibi^ )St^ 

' piiiMtiPi^ meoBr i^ce Cmmp. H 

-^ mqnMj to- be miijbf ^fHttn Ihk ^Ml^ 

'. Febfttj«^{ 1909, '^i^'^McQiimiS^ 

prcnoted/ O^Mtbi^ieiitittmnt ^oho 

:^ ihaiitadt/ to^b^^^bUii^. frtSm tfid4^ 

- 06' WbriKwyj' Mte, vke* TRofh«. 

Brevet captam and iieutettflft^liUi 

Geivd^taft^capcaiitliieftene^^ffli 

Uie:'4^of F^bru5iKy,.i^P?»>;rkA;^et. 

-«»««•. :?w^fP RfeJuu-d. 38aipb8»^. 

... Awspjr.^ft 5^£nmw.,irw» ihi 47fh 
4 of July, 1801, vice Forbes, promoted. 

Captain 



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BagfaALuaxuasx 'nfiti/ffmiHi^ 



149 



jk iirpqpftr frolic the ifdi of .Mf, 



tosk (abec«{>caaiiftwn4ke 'ITiili bl 
luly, MOi, ^ta Morott. Bft^NR 
oiM^ ittAiiffiitttaDBtJDifminof^, 

of Jaly, MQlVtiM^HcMBiy. BMiign 
^|bf4€ixiipi9ii»Co bettMKfeniMttyft^ein 
llie ITih 4tf -Mf, l«OU ^ie^JUKfa*. 
^BOMMi 1irM«^ IMbm; t». 4m^>Hc«C^ 
^«Mh>aicibfe iM of Jiiiy^ 1801 ; we 

4MF%« to b#«a(Uto^ fr«m the Mh of 
.A^iH>ti^^0StVi<}eDfrvi4lott, d«cMMMi. 
€«pMni licttif »>it J. 0'liittomt to 
•be <9ijgmth fmrn tbe ;Erth ef An^ilflt, 
J8(l8,v|ctoR4^'ph. lft>evMcftpl«iiictid 
Heoomaat lU^wrd Hay% M beca^tm 
•licoiMiMi* fqom tWt «tb of Ai^gidit, 
, i8Q^ Viet O'HftilMMi. JSAm^ti C 
^V>B».^ftf% mbelMilsoMtyfiPosi ckr 
, 51b pf ^^4ICU4ft* AWSI, ¥iqe Hay, 

.^«rfl|^4o<bAn)ijcr, from tbt 14t& of 
. Dfioemlier, |iK^9iciBliuofe0r« yinvno- 
tfd... iCa^gii^.JUMitQMM Wittiam 
. Tulf, m lif ci4^iifa»> ^osi tbe l«tK of 

^ca^^ipd, l i ry t wiam .B. L.. Qmnlf r, 
Mkpt ci i Huw U«VCfnMt,franfilM 14th 

.ijga CMic»'BfNrtbolQ|M«t» to bo Ub!U« 
.lMaiii^.foMi|jA#. 1401 iifDflae»b«r, 
,M^,r?fice OriAicr. ; • I ' t 
.l^^fOMMM of lh# i^ repirtnt, 
piiblttbe4 in geoeval ordtn of cbftlOth 
' i4t/?i>irg<inpg>nc»,nCTflbi <€>th#f^te84>» 
Uv^Jnl^jSiMkniMI .Ibr |Mr«Uttioa of 
(IIN^ [?MmPWft »• W'*.Meiic«mit in 
lbt»^/i>»iiv^c #Wti < » > i ii MW bi* in 

Wfi9rrmm9^ im^^wm/pi^-hm Men 
#pqfe4/.|q,miib9r«lNh MUrwinetpittio. 
1>qW.iil :<W P»<H t » n ct'trfi c«aaftkitt|-ftod 
ffolh« jMHKa^f>#4«f«iiQf Hl^.lDMlk^ 

€q1oqc), frdttrrtle'f^of J^yvrSoQ, 



«!M»}i< i^diof >iy ijas, w5^S4pt^^ 

iSfk Nmtive Rrpmett, C%pw Mi- 
Jamin Ckrtbbcii, %o4>c « twd^ 1*01^ 
^ i3«*» of Jttly, i8o$, w* WiWc*. 
promoted, l^piiiii Ue«oe<iinfc' Jtnpes 
Mtirrayi to be ctvt»ift of a cggiijpfkaty 
frftttj the 1^ <x* Jllly. 1803, rit^ 
Murray. EiiM%n Wiilutm Bwd, to 
be JLicuicnant, iioin the t^th oT Ju}y» 

1 $/j& ffatj'vr Mtgimfnt . Captain Cbailcs 
Crawfprd, to be nujcr, froip the %m 
July, 1802^ vice 01 ant, piomotei. 
XaptsMii Iieutei)aat^nes pebmatn, tp 
be captain of acompan^, froiiti the i3(h 
of Juiy^ 1^03^ vjcc Crawtbrdj proqio- 
.ted. Licntenant. and jbrevct f:ap^iRy 
John JeniuajS Siiti, to \xi camain 
lieutenant, hom ibc ly.bcrf Jj»ly. c8|^. 
vice JDclAnuifif pfooKKCfS^ £n»ii$n 
Geoige tX^ce ncaibcot^ 19 bt a 
lictti. horn ibe igihof JH^9 .1^9^ 
vice Bird, pTorooifcd 
i^tb Nativf Rcgintdm. Captain Cjef- 
Ki„i:t Tii-.:;a^ tvj. ., to DC capfain 
uf ii company, fro^ thf lei^h ot Sep- 
tember, vice M'Grcgor, dec<a^d- 
Licutenaru, and brevet ^piaic, John 
Carig, 10 be captain Ueuicnai t, tro^ 
' the ifith of Sebtcinbtr, iSo^q, vite 
Evaus. Ensign \l'^altcr Raleiuh (J4U 
bt-rt, to be a lieutenant, from tne lath 
of Scprcmbtr, 1803, vice Carig. 
Ensign Henry Edward ftilbert Coutcr, 
to be a lieutenant from tbc J2rh of Sep* 
' tcmber, 1802, vice Preston, deceased. 
iitth ^arhje Rr^iment. Ensign John 
Buwnng, to he A litjutcnanttroin the 

^h Native fbt^eni, ' Ensfcn ,lUnjg* 

"tttKl Pbntn^cnct rield, to be Tletitenant 

irom the ^th'of Scpicmbcr, >8o3, vice 

• Turton, oeceastd. 

To be Coimeh.from ih 30/^ of Sif- 

'^Jewtfer. iWoJ, Licuietiaht coU^ls 

- JohH Pc^i^elf; and Jarrtc$^orrii. . 

To he Uetntnant Colohels fi^m (he ^tab 

of SeptfmBir, 1803. JMlJort Winiaat 

' Buff, Ht-nry Pok- Calcrtifi, Edward 

Swift Brbdgbton, . Tbomia S^bafinr, 

Fr^Qcii Kyan, aiid Joon Hume. 

T6 be 'Majortfrdm the ^th rf Seftfrn- 

* .ker^ 3803 Xapcaio John Malcojro, 
''John Horsley Huicbtnsci0, lotkn Tla- 

thatniel Kihd^ a^d f reqeric Marsd^n. 

European regiment. Captain Ge^if^ 

Wilton, to be major (rtmi tbe ^h of 

Se^tcmbct, ;iAei, viceCtkc^t. Cap- 

K'd um 



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AflUVieJIKHXJALtBEGnCElU J»A^ 



«)« ^iiifliniiitf Jobii Atukhboy to 
^^>keifi»i< of « ooofpany ibm ^be 

^NoiMiii lUftisiVy IP b&)c9^»m Ueude- 
^AiDht Mm .the got^'of' Sepiember, 
->^3( YM!«AnBei«M^ Xnsign Akx- 
')l6ll«r^ftownevJo4M^a Wtimetencfeqm 
^^hdJ'jedv'ijf ^Sej^^kber, 4803, vice 

tifiNi^infe J^ghninr, :Opi»iii John 
Ai^k), to be irtajor, ffom tbc jjoth 

-*Sc|prthiberi 1803, viceSbaw. Cap- 

--^QHilleutenaht Duiicatt M'Pberson, to 
^xf^^bthm of a conrpany, ffomthe soth 

^bf* SS^pKhnbrr, t»03, vice AmoH. 

- Lieuttoanl, aod brevet captain, Lionel 
Hook, to be dptaio Ittutaiant HOm rbe 
30th of September, iSoa, vice M'Pbir- 

^. Lieiiteiuint, and brevdt captah, 
William Piy^f, to be captain iieutc- 
nant, from tbe 9«tb of Sepiembtar, 
1803, and fem6v(Bd to ilie Bdd vcgi- 
mem. Eosigm Jobn f orbei More, 
George WofAe^, and George A^- 

-line, tobd lieutenftws, fi«m tbrsoth 
trf September, ^3, vice Hook, ^lo- 

-tftotwf, and Pryoir, and Cf«xtoa re- 

'iiiovtd. 
id ' Mat f^e Regiment-^ Captain James 

.'Sinclair, to be a major from the 30th 
of September, 1803, vice Kyan. 

* Captain licuscnaiu Martin White, to 

' be captain of a company, from the 
30th of September, 1803, vice Sin- 
.claifv Lieutenant, and brevet captain, 

' Frederic Radolph Mullcr, to be cap- 
fein lieutenant, from the 30th of Sep- 
icrpbcr, 1803, v{c^ White. Lieute- 
nant, and brevet captain, Charles 

- Child Wilson, to be a captain licuie- 
»ant,. from the 30th of September, 
^803, and removed to the 2^ regiment. 
Ensjgns John Richard I>c Bcaurckard, 
Tame* Cruicbhank Grant, and Wil- 
liam Walmcsley Walker, to bcltcu- 

vjienants, from the 30th of Scptpmljcr, 

- ^1803, vice Malier, promoted,, -^d 
.; Wilson and Livesay removed."" ^^,. 
fO^NH^^^^^S^matu CaptaMi ^^john 

04m^ t»bAiQjdi)^lirmn Uw gMcof 

. ta»n-,cUeiMWiit,c..G?diijc^ tM^^Q 
hlK>nC»ptBiaTta(:a xpmp 

i\ 'Oittt)*m(M<fi^f^MH 




^Ikmf, and haiei.uAffcWry.^«>.W 
lieuceaanufi^mihe 9otkof Sbpteiibav 
.1^, .irioe Morris, piomotod. aod 
PoPMcrt<aod Fcrg«aoo« f n tt owe d . 
^ Hmin>i Mepfntm. Gaptamli^t^ 
^nani Robert Beirici «» be ootam of 
»<otfty«Mi«y,' fnMv tbc soth of Sep&cm« 
'ber^ \^o^ vice Malo6tm, ftomatbtA. 
LkpiieiubVBQd bre«<tt cncaib, Eobert 
•Skntvingf t* be captanaof as coMMf 
irom tKe ^oth «f SMember# i8oS> 
vvtt Sooit^ reiMrtwd. ' LiEittBnaDt.lobn 
Baillve, 40 be cl|naior lieutsoanr Imhd 
tbe soth of Sqptembcr, i&iA^^-vfe 
Befrie: Eesi^t Tfaoous Wonlgr. 
td be 4* UoMiadM ^dn* die oath si 
September, 1803, aiid itmo<wa r»Ae 
BQd rei^iifiem. £nngB* Avchiii^ 
Oai«of. FfMieii Sehoo Wbilt, and 
Biiiiattin Bimmkh, to be lieit^naots 
from the ^oth^i Sdptembefr 1803, vice 
Skirviog an4 BaiUie, proiaoted» aad 
i)e.WMl, rdSMwedi. 

"nant John Lcssic, to bei^ptam of a 
com par J V from the 3olh of W!lptcotbcr, 

* 1803, vice AtklnsoiY, remo«^. Lictt- 
tcnant, and brevet capiai^ John Patoh, 
to be captain lieutenant from the 3g*h 

/ of Septeni1)er, tSoJi '^'fct? Lttac. 

' Ensicns Tlioma^ Heniyi Paol RichaW 
Braddon, and Thomai Arbuibnotji ,to 
bctlientenants from the godi of Sept. 
loogi ^ice" FatOfii ^itiotedt.a^ 
Watnet apd'Titcher, removed- ^^ 

tenan^-fioro the 301^ 01 c«ptempcr, 
' 1803, anii lemovfcd to tbc ejd ri^i- 

ment. " . .. 

M'VSfiW4tefnmm. Gaftam iieiito* 
*<Min|dRliftbe#i Stair Civabnn» lO be oip- 
^takt^b^tt^t:0Hqpbnf AiQMr the Mh of 
^•^tspMHih^i lies, ' vice Hda chi art ti , 
^•^pMiomA. » t^iewenaatv ^brevet 
-iCwpttlfti; j«»eaWrigh»f'i«>ibe.»«>- 
-'tlfeiwa^c^llipiny fern the god^.of 



'l^kmhf^i tSojBfice White,; 

^ B*«^enaflii^wi*rt*e««5^tam^»A^lto- 

.' ' Wr' AAi*^ 16 tfc cf|^ai»iitu»wai*lf d«i 

i'tte ^^h'or Stmemlei^ r86j, vice 

vG«ib«m\ ' l^stgiw Henrr- «««i6k« 

< R4eMd fTtrinfl* 8«yer, nd. Samuel 

' IVsM), fb'li^JtettieMiM&oaitbeii^h 

^^ September,. rifo3r -^^ieo^Wn^ 

iih4'4^tt^,* j^oted, and Eoofe, 

'•'femoVfed. '•■' -' v< " ^ \- T- 

ph katk/a iitgtmefa. Xt^mm ill- 
' chard Lingtdw/tp b« allemefot frtim 

Henry 



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B8NGAX. SDLITAaT raOMOnOH&f 



1^ 



MmrySBMittwoa RavKos, tmd Leo- 
,iaM!>Whiietmith, to- be licntemots 
tbem fthe^ Qocb of. Stc^ember, 1803, 

vice NidMNctts and GoiLd* removed. ' 

%ibiimi9e JUrrmmt* - Gipnin lieute* 

\maai ilobcrt Bu^^ to bca capciin olF a 

. coaipm]f finchn the 3otli it^. Sqsiember, 

iSo^ trcci: -Muivti( ffonofed. Ueii- 
Jiaatk dnrica *Berrkiv to be <^ptitio 
^^lieMBoant front the ^otbqf Scptcm- 
.*er» 1803*. vice^Dttfr..- Ensigns. Fit- 
rderic aoben-TUivAiuH, Houy Sey- 
rmeur Montague^- md J«bu SttMhoHn 
' Bnmni^»/«» be Kefixnuuatt Ircnn iilie 

30th bf September, 1803^1 vice ^Pervfe, 
i]piimipied» and^EflcUislfeiiHl BladlLQey, 



gUiMttvsif tkjAm^t* .jCpruuo lieute- 
t'OBntPfaffilfGnitop, to be Captato of a 
ixMBopu^^ fip0in 1^ ^o^kfi $« pteoibarf 
1 1803; ^ce BitUa^k^ teqipwd* • J^^^cii- 

Stewart, to be cam»iik -of. a . cofiipany t 

.fcom ibe,3<3»h <3^ §^e^bcr, ^iBc^, 

and iemo>cd to ihi «yi . WmcAt. 

Lieut, aopd bi^yet <4pr.Maibew Macna- 

',i&in, ico. be .captaio lieutenant, ffotn 

ibe 3pUi'6f Scpjtco^hcr, .iBosL vice 

Cnimp. , .Eosjins. Btf^itf^ 

JScwWq, andliay rnukis flualtr^c, 

^10' Be fiemenanfs, ; fit^fri iIm ^th or 

^^Sqmab^ 1803, '^bii ^c^:a^ ahd 




- *W-^V* Ja^^/^goiP^m,., itfjd 
Bin;n;'rctnoved. " .v,. >• 

«lir?^d«wif«a«[fWS»*.n-SJag^ 
-Tm«* %dnt5(?<G*ht cIwM Wf pp. 
^iiiha)f a-'CQi^5t«'i(W:^ tfetf «oib of 

"^ lekimcmK j; liWuWhant. ^od rbificvet 
-1Mjp«b?Ftetpifc|r.aUfli^ io4)c-«^ 



-(^iftiani^ Larkiasi:(W<^sfm|; i». bq a 



:'*er, «M5, ?n*aiwj«8c4oUy4be^ij»d. 
' ^lt»K> JbopK t3^ei^iMi t 

rrmovcd. Ensign 



aVlc 






p; 




naot MeDBid Dooteiflabe^tttaiavf 
a company, from* the 4mh of •Scg^a* 
iber, iSc^i vice. Wood, renuivqd. 
Lictttcnaoc and brevet capttMi Jofeffii 
Fletcher, 10 be captain UalKnBO^ itm^ 
tfap 30th of September »8«, vp^. 
Duncan* Ensi^ ThoiOB* TaykK, 
Joha Randall, and Jameft Dryidaki 
10 be lieutcBaikts, from the ^och jpt 
September, 1803, vice Fletcher, pip- 
moted, and Hay iiod Bridge, removefl^ 

\yb Nathve Rtgtfnettt, Capiaio Itcut?. 
nant Arnold Kinx» to be caipuio c£a 
company, from the 30th of Septeip- 
; ber, 1803, vice Grant, rcaioved* 
Lieutenant and brevet capuin Richard 
Lambert, tp be captain liciitcoant, from 
the 30th of September 1803^ vice 
Kin^ Ensigns Alexander Trotter, 
Henry Finch, and Thomas Chades 
Torians Flucker, to be iieiuenaots, from 
ihe «ochof Sep^mber, 1803, vice 
Lambert, prompted, and Yates afid 
Williams, removed. 

i^b Ntmve : Rdgiment, Captain lieix- 
. tenaoc John Gerard, 10 be cabtaip pf 
a company, from the 30th of Septem- 
-bcr, 1803, vice Leaihart, removed. 
Lieutenant James William Playdc)U 
to )^ captain lieutenant, from the 3b(h 
of September, 1803; Vice Gerard.- 
Ensigns Abrabatn Lockett, Charles 
Rowninx, and WliHarrt HiatI, to !be 
licntcnanis, from the 30th of September, 
1803, vice Playdcii. promoted, and 
D.ivv and Duns tcrvi lie removed. 

x^th Nafi*ve Regiment. Ensign John 
Leys to be tieutcnant, from Sept. 30 1 
1 80 J, vice Boyd, removed. 

X^ih Nati've RegjmeNt Captain-ficot. 
John Jenkins Bird, 10 be captain of a 
company, from 301 K Sept. I005, vice 
Grant, removed. Bf^vci Capiam and 
lieutenant William Sioirock, to be 
captain -licuieuam, from the goth Sept. 
1803, vice Bird. Enngns Ludowick 
Grant and John Hunter, to be lieti- 
tcnants, from the 30th Sep;. 1803, vice 
Storrack, proinottd. and O'driicr,'' re- 
moved. Etisigu Jthn Wiiitam l^al- 
intr, to beOlicutenanii fiebm^ St(S^ 39f 

: iftoS ^ nmbveito «h« ;ft«d n|g|.o 

Vkh'Kawik' kejHm<^: 'Capt. A«|idw 

•**&pPi|6S,^ vij*^ bi^r '«t«inoiW. 
' ISpiafciSbmeif^ Atidtcw Traffcr, , to 
'>B d^indf if cpMtftiy.fromjhe^ 
>^u^t. ^8m' Vic^.Gnari^dfW * Lii'tiiraant 
'"^if«vi5'<ff6l«n JjljM HuW^Jlt*. be 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL BEGI8TJEB, lfl04. 



«i8oet iridb Ff«er. ImifiJRtkm 
^A^Mctfi Boidocfc'Ma Airbib»Ui IUm- 
. ||eiDery» to be lictttenmit, f Aonihe 3olh 
iSepi^ 1803, vice Himt, promoted, 

i%ib Nati^f l^glment. Captairt-Hcuc. 
' Jt^c^aai f Tay, to be captain of a com- 
jjjany, froii^ th^ .^oih.Scpt. 1863, vice 
3^n()* I^ieuteoant and brevet captain 
jJonA M'Grathf to J)c captain-lieutc-? 
n^nl, from the 30th Sept. 1803, vicp^ 
j^Hay, EtuigDS George Baiiuc-rinan, 
^ iJavid PatoD, and Frederick Sackvilte, 
* io be lieutenants, from 3otb Sept. 1803, 
vice M*Gratb, promoted, and Robcrt- 
*fon and Cornish, removed. Ensij^n 
" Robert Pollock, to be lieutenant, from 
the 3QCh Sept. 1833, and removed to 
the cad regiment. 
19/A NathzY Regiment, Captain-lieu- 
tenant William P'mncklin, 10 be cap- 
tain of a company, from thc^oih Sept. 
1^03, vice' Marsden. Lieutenant aad 
brevet captain Pjvid Lyon, tc be cap- 
tain of a company, from the 30th Sept. " 
JlSo.n, vice Ormc. Lieaienant and 
brevet captain Thomas Ward Howard, 
to be cajpiain-licuicnant, from the 30th 
'6cpt. I003, vice Franckliji* tnsigni 
Godfrey Phipps Baker, Joseph Gnl^ 
an^ fijcnry Weston, to dc lituicnanis, 
from the 30th Sept. 1803, vice Lyons 
and Howard promoied, and Richards, 
removed. 
8C/A Native Regiment, Captain-licut. 
James Salmond, to be captain of a 
company, from the 30th Sept. 1803, 
vice Hutchinson. Lieutenant and 
brevet captain Goddard Richards, to bq 
captain of a company, from the 3oih 
Sept. 1803, and removed to the 22d 
regiment. Lieutenant and brevet cap- 
tain Udny Yule, to be captain-lieu- 
tenant, from the 30th Sept. 1803, vice 
Salmond. 
su/ Native Regiment, Captain-Iieut. 
. John Yardly Bradford, to be capuin qf 
a company, from the 301 h Sept. 1803, 
vice Dick, removed- Lieutenant and 
brevet captain John M. Stuart, to be 
captain-lieutenanL from the 30th Sept. 
1003, vice Bradford,' promoted. En- 
sign Thomas Gobgh, to be Ifeutetoant,' ' 
from the 30th' Sept. 1803L lind itmoved 
. to the ft^ regimem. So^ifliis Jiuiies 
Brooke Rtdge and Eneas Mc Intosh, 
be lieutenants^ from the ^oth Sept. 
1803, vice Stewan, proitioted, and 
Canning, removed. 

git^Native Rrgimm, Enngns Philij^ 



Hi^ tni £dwXtaf||ie, tb- ^ 
. from the 1 lik 0£b 1^03, vice >Vk- 
Ufar andJGraqt, ikecaaedw- 

lM*i^V./4$<^'><V<- Ca«aio-licM- 
,HmO^ jobA Mc Graih, to fic C^^^n 
fitaeompai^, (roiu i$Jk 0cu too^ 
vice SmMb> deceased. ,Xicatcnao(aQd 
^bf<;W caj^pitt Willi^ $4iv>{a|cd Xlcaii- 
.beafcriLto be c<)puio<)^uu;nam« fjpDfn 
ihe i3ih Ocu 1003, ¥icc Mc £<?|h, 
prpmofitrfl' Euw4 Charles KialKrt 
;%a^U to be a ^cutcoant, from ^ 
I3ih Oct. 1803, vice Leadbcaicf, ]pp- 

4M Native Regrm^ttt* Ms^Cir Joseph 
Oascoffte, to he iieutenant-cokMiei, 

- ff bml tatf^ih Oct; 1803, vice^s^dirie, 

• deceased* ' Omeain CmHcs GtaiwiD, 
toben tii)jor,M>mtbe f9th€)c?«<»8o)v 
vice' Ga>icv)y«ie, MtncwiJL Cafnii^ 
HeuMmnt'-fohn/Baithe, t^<be -tapcaiii] 
)0f a company, froai the i^ih OoliBci), 

'vkc^GlMWin« pfomcted. lieuicrant 
•Swntie} 'Browne, to 'bd cayiaRKliai- 
tenant, from the iQih Oa.> iSo«, vice 
Btfilliti Ensign WiniaxD Walw 
Pkinkett, to-be a lifciuenanB^ifrom the 

i Ipth'HOci. 1 803, viee Broivnc. • . - 

lilfamty* ji.ieuienaQC-CQio9fl l^c«gr»e 
j PowrQi t« be cplpnel > of % renine]K» 
from the ad Nov. 1803, vicci^*^* 
.ileoeased. 

M Na9i*v€ R^gtmen^. Major Michael 
Hifferman, to be a licuteoant-coioncl, 
lirt)ntthe 2d Nov. 1803, tiee Povdl, 
)>tDm(rted. CapC. Charles Brietzd^, 
to be niajor, from the Bd Nov. i8(^« 
vice Himnaan, pipmoitd. Captain*, 
lieutenant Antnosy Adamt, to be c^ 
tain pf a company, from, the Bd Nov* 
1803, .vice Brietzcke, promote^ Lieu* 
4enaot and brevet 'captain Achison 
Maxwell, to be capiam-lieatcnant,Crom 
■theBd Nov. 1803, yice AdamS| pro- 
noted. Ensign Thomas Scort, to lie 
a licutenatj^from the 2d of Nov. 1803, 
^e MaxWeil, pfonoted. 

\yh Natvoe Regimeni. Ensij^ Wm. 
Oon^d^on TunMTv to ^ lieutenant, 
&6m tke td Nov. 1803, viie Laosbeit, 
deceased. ' 

l^th Native Raiment, Ensign Edmund 
Cheese, to be a lieutenant, fiom the 
ad Nov. ' 1803, vice Cam|)beU, de- 
ceased. Mr. Charles Desborougb and 
'Mr. Alexander Ogilvie. assistant sur- 
geons, are promoted to the rank <^fuU 
fturgcoos, from the 30th Sifpt. 1803. 
FermariM 



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BBN6AL MIUmK^ (SOBWDOm. 



lt» 



ttd Rrgimmt. hi^orsy Rkk. Kalpfa, 

John Milcom. 
C^lm, George D:ck,Al^x3nd«l>OrM^ 

•^Vhrtt, John Ldrth^,O.Jli<htr<b'. 
Cipom-licunMpm, Wro. PijrorC'^ •' ' 

G. WahUir. J. 1^. Iiiv^,"G: Y«w, 

Wa1, C. Reddish, ' t. tf. DaV)', 

1. T. Bhtkwrv, R. A: C. W«n6ii, 

'&. Whfr. ' ' • 

£3// Regimmt. 'Majon, James l^illMly 

J» H(T Huitiiinsan- ' , 

Ca)iiaios« WtHiao^ Scott. JaiB«f Atktn- 

soQ, Qivles Grtm, f.Mttnro;J. B»l- 
. brk, S. C. Jdncs, B. Stfcwan. 
CBpteio-iiflutmanu C. C. Wibon. 
licofcnants, 0, Jtobcrtjon, W,Cro«on, 

G. M.' Poipbaiti, A. Richards, M. 
. BoTd, W. GrabasbC W. R, Povo- 

Icn, A. T, Watswu G, Bridge. Jos. 

Fo|EtiooQ« George oitcfa^ 1^, Iloopc, 

R. S. Corrrit^. ' 

laetBWanB, J. Tifchcr, J. Cahnhlg, 

C T. Hittira, G. Nicholws«£ V. 

DunitenrSfc.^ W. *-."• Watsbn^ R. 

LaMjow, J. W. Palrncr,R. Pollock. 

H; TV J. K Wib6iV' J: WimAwson, 

T/6o^h, C. W/=ir6okc, T. W6r- 
ilcy, T. Alexander. ' ''« 

•His txoellrncyo the govemarTgeiiaal 
mqouQcilis pleaar#K|..,v^4BcU>Iiow- 
iog pcoinotkni$^ • , ^ . . 

Eoani RoUcrt , (^QUfton, ifco 
jpuituofj) mjop,. fioin ^td Ike. 
. iBos. vice SJDitb, deO^pedJ Liciye- 
mit Alexander CummingSr to be a cap- 
.«m*Ueuieaab.t..£roni tbc.«adDcoqn- 
Wr, i8ot, ]iuce Hoiwroi^-pnamqicd. 
. XV"ci "^'y Thompson, to be a licu- 
M0D!»froin<^ B9d Dec. 1803,, vice 
Cmmnings, prompted. ; Cadc( riaoicis 



Telt^nlttoe; to be t^^nwl^* fr^yiii^he 

«d Nov. i8<i^, vice Obxivell« lipee^. 
\m Reghnemf NaHvelnfaniry. 

<Bro>wn Robertt; to be m lir^arc 

from ike 3oih Nov. }8o8,.vke 

wkk, decea^. 

Ti>f coiWitionaf "pemiT^nfi ft^htc4t6 
captain D. M. Fdhev, of ihc itjch refci- 
mem of tiMive infant f)', by gtincnl ordSn 
ofth? igrb iihimrt, lo proceed to Europe, 
Oirfurtough, on actount of his health,' t$ 
cOfjfinncd. 

Lteatenam ccfotid A. Kyd, bavlor 
arrived • near Fort Willbm, is directed ' 
to assume the char;je of the engincet de- 
parttaient, conformably to the ^d'al 
orders t>f his excellency in council of the 
13th iilr. 

' Fort \?!Hiaiii, January 12, i«m. 
General Orders, by hb exiclh-itcf the 

most n4hte the g^^^rnoi' ecru-ra! m 

eottJ^cif. 

His eiceUeucy the most noble the gif>- 
vertior general m council orders and di- 
rects, that officers in comtnind of rfe» 
tathments or corps shall «tricc1y attend 
to the following general order df the 
29^ of ^tember, 1788. 

*• It h to be a standing re^ilation, 
that alt officers, commanding dctach- 
ifients of the army, or single corps, on a 
march, do keep an account of their 
daily mbvements, remarking their com- 
pcrfed distances, the towns, villager, and 
rivefs, in their rotite : the nature of the 
roftds and plii^es 6( t ncampment, or ajiy*^ ' 
othfer dbservatlons which they may ' 
d^m materiaT v copies of whit-h art to 
b^ tran^mirteU to the quart er-masfer 

Sehcfal, aft«f the tftjops have arrived at 
leif destination.'* ,' . 

tti addition to the mfes prescribed t)y 
the preceding order, his excellency the * 
governor general |n council authorises 
aifd'dil'ects ctmima'ndmgoflScers 6f corps, 
nirhen marching,. to employ any orffifer; 
iitider the c6inmand', who 1* pricm^v 
quaUfied, to keep a J6iimal or %««. 
book, a^eaWytorh^sdbjdineillfor^: 



Bekriirip -^ 
tanccs of ob- 



■■•Bealt*' 

inw of 

^ fhe ' 

Rolui';. 



Diitittib^^y 

Pef'amb\i- 
iato*' or 



'BeyKt6J8:S and V 
efitiVna'teddts-'; 
(ance" of oV ' 
j^tsontheh^hy 






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ASIATIC ANNUAL BEai£n£K^ imk, 



laMt^whtfi obuinable^are to be intert* 
cd in die two bro«d column* on eacb. 
tide^ aUo all tanks, jeelt, ib^d nvioMi 
on tbe route of march» ground of fi»> 
caapment) for one or more corps, and: 
occaaionaL remarks aa . to the nature <tf 
the road and country. 

The bearings of places and objects, 
with their estimated diiUnce, are also to 
be put down, more particularly of ^orisi 
hill foru, towns villages, rocky or bro« 
keo gronnds, and remarkable eminei^ 
cei. . - 

TbeToad<disunce^ whether measured 
by a perambulator or estimated by time, 
i% to be carefully insered : in the latter 
case, the time by the watch,between anj 
two placet or points of observation, is 
to be put down to nearest minute, and 
the rate at which the ^son is supposed 
to have been moving, is to be noticed. 

When tbe fiihtance is computed by 
time, a line to be.urawn through the" co- 
lumn every time a halt shall take place, 
and tlie number of miautes, fur which 
the halt continues, is to be nated. 

With A view to obtain an accurate 
measurement of the roads, and of the 
routes> of tnarch of the troops, the go^ 
vernw general.in council directs* that a 
proportion of pcrambutaiofs and com* 
passes be sent to each of the principal' 
military stations, for the use of corps 
which fthall be detached iirom those Ata- 
tioht ; and whenever a corps is ordered 
tamarob, the commanding officer is. to 
•pl^^flo the comnvmdingc^cer of the 
ttation,for the useof a perambulator and 
compass, provided there ia an officer in 
the corps quaiiiied to imdertake to keep 
a Journal or field book, in the manner 
above directed. 

,Ua excellency the governor gcooral 
in council, in consequence of tbe long, 
faithCnli and Jctive services, and «3Ltm- 
pWjr coadoct, of Meer Kurrum Aly; 
late nfbador of the 4th r^mtnt of no* 
ti v» infantry* who was killed in the aa* 
•avit of the fort of Aly Gur, is pleased, 
inoronsequcnce of the reco mm endation 
of his czireikncy th6 commander in chief, 
togranta pension of twenty Sicca rupees , 
pfr monui,Co the widow o^Mderliiirnim 
A^« to be paid numthly to her, dwring 
herltfe; 

'.'. ' ■ • AntiL. . ' 

aTIio govcBnor geneval in eonneH is 
pleased to promote the following cadets 
of iiilantrjf of the season 1803, to be eo- 



ngna,i>to take rank fpom thedatt^oppo* 

site to their respective names. 

No. 1, -FiaiT^tAss. George Ti'ilhani 
son, 17th May, ISOa, Henry Shad^ 
wellv LBthditts. ^ - r.:-.T:-jT 

Na Uf SecoHn Ci.AS9v . JameaBosm^ 
26th inly ditto, i^ewis Shaw,. 9^h 
ditto. . ;. 

No. a, TsiRn CLAas. Charles Hsath 
IMiydi 28th July^y dittos ^n. J. *& 
Aylmer, ii9th ditto^ William Kcnoed^^ 
SOekiditto, Robert Blacky ^Ist ditto. 

No.4,FouaTift<^LASs. Alexander Blacky.* 
1st Sept, dktos lohn Ctuncan, SA <~ 
dittos -<>eorge i^^^erson,. Sd. ditto- 
No. 5, Fifth Ci.AS9.. Richard Boycot r 
Jenkins,. 7th ^pt. ditto, Henry NVt i- 
cholson, 8th ditto, Waiter Alexandeif' ^ 
Yates, 9th ditto, Robert Jephsoo Wa* - 
terhouse^ lOth ditto. • -rn 

No. G, Sixth Class. Thomas Wheeler, - 
Broadbent, lith ditto* Johd Leman : 
Purvis, 12th dtitQ, WiBiam Ratraf* ^ 
13th ditto* ' : 

No. 7, S£Vi:nth Class. Robett He- " 
ming, Hth ditto, Charles Halcot. 
Glover, 1 5th ditto, Patrick MarixnT 
Hay, 16th ditto. i . . 

No. 8, £iosTii Class. Robert Miller, 
13th Dec. ditto^ Charles A- G. W^* • 
lington, I4th dittp^ William Robett > 
Jennings, I5th dittp>, Thomas Chance, 
imh dittos Chwies Comer Smith^. 
17th dstto,, James Hales, 18th ditlO^ 
Francis fit CUre^ l^h ditto. ^ ..-r 

The undermenttoited cadets of arti^ 

lery arc proosoted tOtthe'.rank oi ivtv- 

tenant in that corpse from the dates op«T 

posite to their respective namev .;l:.j: 
Rayoer* Gdwing, t SOth- Aug. tl809, 
Richard Tickcll, SJst ditto, .Gte^gp / 
Perctvaly 1st Sept; ditto,^ James fiydd, 
9d ditto^ Geoi^iPolkKkj^ ddil^, 
John David 6duthvdthdittoi;:»:i It 
The following Promotions io dolfc 
pUct: "-. • - ' tt; 1/ 

171^ Jiigmtnt tfNatgpe I>,fm^. LM- 

tenaht L William. Corny n^ to hmoi^ 

tain lieutenant, viee i4uot, deceased, 

date of commssdon, 9th of Ma reft, 

laoi. EasigB James Richard«on,fo 

be a lienteilanti-rviee-'CSashyi^^.peO- 

motcd, diteiidf uooMmisaion,' 9th ti 

March* 1904. -.fiez^eatifc JoiUi Bd^, 

of the. Buao^kean vegimtotyis admitidl 

to thd pe/^on: cfittafe^sbed by thf ot* 

.den of go«ei^meat<0f tbe^ lltk i)f 

-Janoaryy HV^ff^- andrss pi^llmttcd^IlP 

reside in the country. Tv q 

-: .o to io;:Lf"*/j:* .c. ' :.\ z^J[ 



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BENGAL JfiUTARY FBCAfOTIONS. 



155 



1LAMG8UK. 

L wWCJMH t Arrow is removed from the 
fli to tbe l«t batuUioa 9d oative re. 
r^gnnm. Mauor-geoctal Hay Mac- 
ttowalL having been appointed to the 
mtS of tbe army ia India, has ddi* 
"^ered over the-eonunand of tbe forces 
atOcyle»» according to.hit maieaty** 
erdm, to iiiajor«^eaeral.Davia Door 
ffmat Wcmyn. 

The able aad contiiMui aitiitaDce 
and support which the governor has' 
received, dating near five years, from 
major-general MacdowoU, and the cor* 
SA and ttniiiterrupted union which, 
during that period, has rendered bis 
officiai cooperation so agreeable to 
hiMself^ and so beneficiai to his govern- 
ment, renders it impossible for him to 
do - jtifltice to his feehngs, on the depar- 
tnie of the major-general. He has, 
bqwever, ^eat satisfaction in an op^ 
poTtunity of requestine him to accept 
ins fKibSc thanks and liis heart-felt 
wisMs for the auccess, to which his 
ment and abilities so justly entitle him, 
in erery place, and on every occasion, 
where they may hereafter be called 
fofth for Republic service. 
Captain Hngh Rose, -to be deputy- pav- 
jnaster to the troc»ps betoo^ng to tne 
atadon of Cawnpoor; 3n ove room of 
Mr. J. Richardson. Serjeant Tho- 
jnas Jeffs, of aMIIery, io be a coo- 
doctor of ordnatii?e^om this date; in 
' the roonr of Mr. Dozeyy iarvabded. 
The following cadetaTo lie (ensigns of 
infantry, on this estaMisbmrAt; from 
lU 17th ApriU 2803. Messrs. Bet^ 
oaid IVhite,. Geoi^ Augustui Shawe, 
George Alfeo, Henry Carfy Herrey, 
.Johh Moncridffe, Pnngle Frasec, W. 
H. Fielder, 'Nicholas Oraham, Hugh 
Koss, Charles de Carteret^ ' Thomas 
Marrett, Andrely Macqueen, David 
Stewart, Etisha Bertier, William God- 
byj.' Henry Yorkc 'Martin, -Wu 'j; 
Home; Peter Bardayv* WiTrSano- 
dewy Henry 'Shircly,.-. r h* F.^ Knott, 
FranctB David^ Saonders^ Johrf i^win^, 
George O^lvCc^ A: Bbp)^ Dou^las^, 
la^pit ChintniEfworth, West Tertids 
HiHi F. Av fc^te, Charifes Bnnoe, 
AHatt Mkdeod, Peter Hen^ulher, W. 
^MrreitanC, John ^agan,: Knwlimi Ber* 
Tington,' Behry Conway, Themas 
Yoingson; Robeit JoMon/ Hu|^ 
^lasey; Wttiam JLeatb; S. O Baireb- 
port. ■ " ' .•.-•.■'•; 

Mr. Paul Secluna, conductor of ord« 



nanee, facviiig bttnnoninafted^ to a conw 
mission in his majesty's seivice, his lopd^ 
ship in council in conformity to bis re-* 
que^ penhits him to resign the ser« 
vice of w/9 htmourable company. 
Comet M. Pienderleath, to be lieofea 
Aant in the Sd regiment of native ca-~ 
valry, vice Kennedy permitted to re* 
sign, da«e of rank, ti5th of Apnl, 
1804. Li»utei^ot John Milward^ to 
be capuin-lieutenant, vice Pollock 
promoted, date of oomminion, 1 1th *^ 
of March, 1804. Lieutenant Peter 
1^ Courtcur, to be adjutant of the 
Istbatattion, vice Miiwaixl promoted. 
His lotdslitp in council is pleased to 
appoint captain William M*Phcrson, 
of his majesty's I ^h regiment, to be 
major of brigade, and captain A. 
P. Macdowal, of his majesty's Sdd* 
regimem, to be aid-do>carop to major- 
general Hsy Macdowal, from tiic date 
of the officer's nomination, to the 
staff of this presidency. 

MAT 

G. 0. By the governor in cwmdl. 
Fort William. Ordered, that the 
dates of rank comerred on the undeiv 
mentioned otficers of artiljcry, by the 
general orders ot the 31 st August, 1801 < 
be cancelled, and that the fbilowiog 
dates of rank be assijrned to them 
Colonel David Woodf^m-n, date of nuik * 
list July, 1801. lieutenanf*cok»nel 
Thomas HoHand, date of rank 1st 
Jnly, 1801. Major John Horsford* ' 
: date of rank Ist July, 1 801. OtptaiA ♦ 
Hen r y fiaHicmr , date' of rank ' I stfluly, » 
I80^V . Cipiain-tieateBanC Thomas - 
DoweB^ date of rank 1st July, i80t. 
The fbllowcng prontotions to takes 
place: t - ■ ' ' : 

ab Native Regimrtti. Major James fid^'t 
wardsv to., be a lieutenant- colond, 
TIC* Davis retire**. Cnptain Oeorger-: 
Smtlisy'to be a major, viccrjtdwai&s; r 
.priunoted. .. Captaii^ieatohaait ^^ 
-mu^l ifcrown,'-to ^l>et*captai]»«.Df '!» 
company, • viae 'FodKs. , . piconued. ;j 
lieutenant. Itfmei. Nicolp.tOi^beicapM <* 
rRiin>4fCtiteRaf)t^^ viecc Browiti- ^priwr 
ifiored. .f.nttfn Frartcr8"i.aie>ftirheir; . 
,io he: a UentWTKint/Tiofi'iiifQhiptq^ i 
'HKivccK - Jih^gn ^Aib^arKfercfidaanrarei ; 
*{ttii»**a bduecndnt^vke Horrision; ^^ 
. ceased, date of rank l/ifh Febaiiiriv. 
1804. L»eutcmM»»-colonel Robert 
Phillips, to be cokm(4 of a regimr nt, 
vtce-:i^vcai; iieeeEi«iVo(hi«e/c^ ^^k 
2tttiraf^ March, I<04.- r 'VT^ rr :.'^>L'i\ 

etb 



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155 



ASIATIC ANNUAlr HEGISI'EK, 1904. 



€tB Nathe Re^ment. Major John Ea]e9, 
to be a lieutenant-colonel, vice Mur- 
ray, deceased. Captain Thomas 
^Viiinyates, to be a major, Vice £ates, ' 
promoted. Captain-lieutenant John 
Ludlo\7, to be captain of a company, 
▼ice Whinyates, promoted. Lieute- 
nant Watson Huqccr, to be a captain-, 
lieutenant, vice Ludlow, promoted. 
Ensign Henry Peter Stacy, to be 'a 
lieutenant, vice Hunter, promoted. 
tA Ntitim Repmtta. Major Robert M^- 
theiBtmie, to be a lieottosnt-* colonel, 
vice Phillips, promoted, date of raxik 
tiTtK March, 1804. Captain John. 
Campbell, to be major, vice Wither- • 
atone, promoted, date of rank 27th 
M^ch, 1804. Captain-lieutenants 
tlharle* Berne, to be captain of a 
* companv, vice Campbell promoted, 
date or rank, 27th March, 1804. 
Xteutenant James Lamley, to be cap- 
tain-lieutenant, vice Berne, prothoted, 
date of rank 27th March, 1804. 
Ensign George Lane, to be a lieute- 
nant, vice Lumley promoted, date of 
rank 27th March, 1804. 

The governor-general in coundl »' 
pleasbd to make the following pro- 
motions. 
ArtllUry, Lieutenant-colonel John Mac 
Intyre, to be a colonel from the 1st 
of May, 1804, vice Deare. prcvet 
lieutenant-colonel, and major John 
Hortford, to be a lieutenant colonel, 
from the 1st May, 1804, vice Mac In- 
tyre, promoted. Captain Andrew 
Traser, to be a major, from the tst 
. May, 1804, yicc Horsford, promoted. 
Captain-lieutenant Christopher Gaie, 
to be captain of a icompany, from the 
J St of Nfoy, 1 804, viceFraser,promoted. 
Lieutenant and Brevet captain Ar- 
nold Nesbit Mathews, to be captain- 
lieutenant from the lit of May, 

Infii^ry, X^ieutcnant coioncU Robert 

Bruce, Henry Charles Palmer, and 

William Scott, to be colonels^ from 

the 1st May, 1804. vice Fullarton, 

PopUam, and Stuart. Majors An- 

^ thony Hamilton, Robert Henry Cole- 

' broote, and John Burnett, to oe lieu- 

. tenant colrmels, from the 1st May, 

1804, vice Bruce, Palmer and Scott, 

promoted. 

l^h Nafive Htgimfnt, Captain Xatnes 

; >Radcliffe, to be a maior, from the Ist 



May, 1 804, vice Hamilton, p r& m offed . 
Captain lieutenant Joseph Fletcher, 
to be captain of a company, from the 
1st May, 1804, vice Radcliffe.prom^ 
ted. Lieutenant and brevet capuiti 
Robert Stephenson, to be a captaki 
lieutenant, from the 1st May, iWf, 
vice Fletcher, proinG(t««. lEsk^pi 
"Johti tHft6h,''t<j^ a lieutenant, from 
the 1^ May, 1*04, vice Stephenson, 
promoted^ 

l^b Natroe -ft^^! —CaptaiK William Bid- 
dell, to be a tnajif, ftrom ih* 1st 
•May> t804, tice CoW>rttt*e, ^- 
wioted. Cap^ih lieisteoadt IWAltfd 
Larmbeft, to Tje^apcain of a tompwiV, 
' from the 1st May, T804, viceBiddell, 
promoted. Lieutenant and ' bffe^et 
captain James Irwin, to be tttptiain 
'lieutenant, from the 1st May, 1804, 
vice Lambert, promoted. Ensign 
Richard Axford, to be a U^utenanti; 
from the 1st May, 1«04, rice Irwin, 
promoted: 

10/A Naive R^gt. — Captain John Me. 
Grath,'to be a major, from the 1st 
May, 1804, vice Burnett, promoted; 
Captain, lieuteu^nt Jktnes Cu m miags, 
to be captain of a coifipanv, fromiod 
1st May, 1«04, vicfcMc* 6r«th, pro- 
meted. Litut^nant ^d brevet Cap- 
iain Robert Spottiswood, to be «»p- 
tain lieutenant, froT^ the Ist May, 
1804, vice Cummiiigs, promol^, gir 
sign Jotn Hay, to be jje^tena^t^ t^^ 
the Ist May, 1 801, vice SpottiSwbod, 
promoted. 

cAvAXa'r. - "'* 

Ueutenant-colotlcl John Gordon; mbe 
colotiel, from the l&t Mat, C804. ' 

UR^, CM^it/^— Nfojor WtttuukiTtK»e, 
to be lieat^nant-colonel, from thvlst 
May, 1804, Vic?'Gotdon, phimoud. 
Capuiv Aletander, Kntn, lo bf ^ a 
major, fhini the Itt May, 1^04, vikre 
Toone, pmmhtedi 'Ca|)aln ttc«(e- 
nant Richard Chalmer JaekaoB, to^ be 
captain of a troog^ fjrgm the ^)^M 
May, J 804, vice .|Cnpz, .pf;oniol)$a.' 
lieutenant Samuel Noble, Xo bj^ gfp- 
tain lieutenant, froi;^ th^ .lstYA|j|y» 
1804, vice Ja9lapn^ prpmotecl, ^ Q^r- 
pet 3enjamin Ma^w* \9 ^9- fifu- 
ter^nt, fropa (h^ U, :Mj|y»,i8p4»H!ce 
Noble promoted. Colond Q^^Q^^^pi, 
being the senior colonel of 'artillefy, 
succeeds to the appointment of colo* 
nel commlmd^nt ^lof ottiiitf^^ «ici 



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MADRAS; 



//i ihe Hoft. CoMPAiiY*$ Troops. 



MATa 1305. 

Tht ui^enneaMoaed g«atlen)ea haying 
pr<Mkuce4 c^nificates of cheu- appoint- 
mflDt bj the hon. court of directors, 
Ui be cadets on the establishment, are 
a4iMtto4 on the estahlishmeot accor- 
dingly. 

E»pmcrfrArtiUcrj. Mr. Walter Shairp. 

liHftt. Zdmaiid Goodbeb«t«, ThosKM 
Siifiit, Da^d Biafiyy Roben Bower, 
Thomas Cox, Henry John Bowler, 
Mmci dedder George AHen, Richaitl 
Hariflrd, fiatmiel Orera. 

The imdnnnttitio&ed gentlemen losing 
pvodnecd c«ftUlcafce* of their apfoint- 

* iMK by;tlM hotL coun «f directors, 
ID bt tadets on thi« establlsbment, 'are 
ikUtiea o« the OitablvilM&ent actfor- 
tfegJy. 

CAVALRY 

Aflettrs 'William Mortimer Kelson, James 
' 'py^:t diirlej fiarrett Darby. 

infahtrt. 

Mean. Frcderiok. MoUsy Whitehead, 

-Ciarfas . fi#yn— w l^wi, Richard 

Joka^lrookia^ John Wiiltam Tovma- 

-^••d; Clia«lc«'WxtriQ& Y«aftM^ George 

Aagnttttt.Bbave^ Saarafllixtoli Hodg- 

fHif WtiKana ¥any^ Richard Plgbt 

Moktworthy TbaitiatBn&xkf% Jer- 

• ttac«I^Wbiicv ^akHRiflc id«g|ic% ft41- 
•'teM Jafcninn Bowet , Nkhi>la9^i.Qr«th, 

Metlts. Tatnet Obrdbtt; Taihes Stocl:, and 
^B^jJMSh PM^JLdnjgfhtfl'.fiivin^p^. 
-lfclc«-1jMhtthlreiP=ttr't!iHf appdint- 
• 'ri6it JlW the fidhV cdiiH t)f dit-ectoi-s, 
-'f9 b^ 'iM^aiA tia^KAn tm thi> esia- 
IWisTfccilt, Jtfe adMfSed'ibVoWrtfEFy on 
^^flte^iri^cifl ieitabiiitth^'ttt 'of'«ih ^tc- 



&e t m t UH u ti iti^^cdf^fa l i lfM i i ^aWng 
pfodnced cettificatet of tKeir app^t- 
\ tb« hon. court o£ directors, 
( of cavalry or infantry on 



the tflUbtishmem of thii presidency^ 
aic admitted on tkecstabiii^mentac- 
cordingiy. 
Mcncs. Hngli Scott, John Shctt(oaO)ie, 
Gewge M'Kensie Stewart. 

CAT.^Lat. 

Messrs. Joh ft Campbell, Archibald Ers- 
kine PattuUo. 

INFANTRT. 

Messrs. Duncan Stewart, Henry Coyy 
Harvov, William Coleman Carberry. 

Madrtu European regiment. Ensign J, T. 
Palmer, to be lieutenant ; date of 
rank, 19th May, 1803. 

NATIVE INFAMTar. 

\xt Repmtiit, Capt. James Jones to be 
major, vice Biair deccaaed; date of 
rank 16th May, 1803. 

Capt. Lieut. Richard Barker to be cap« 
tain of a company, vice Jones ; daU of 
conmiission Ifith May, 1803. 

Lieut. James William Collins to be cap- 
tain lieutenant, vice Baxter; date of 
rank l3th May, 1803. 

\sith Regiment. Ensign Leonard Cooper to 
be Iteutenant ; date of rank l,3tli Ma^» 
1803. 

14<A Ucg'imerJ. Ensiga John Ardagh ta 
be lieutenant ; date of rank 10th A'lay, 
1803. 

19/^ Raiment. Enaign Daniel Kennedy 
to be lieuteiiant ; date of commission 
26th May, 1803. 

The following correcti^ms in the datea 
of the commissions of the undenVicii— 
tfoned officere, are published for the 
information of the army. ' 

Captain lleut.LL. Caldwell to t>e cap- 
tain. Liejit. J. F. De Havtiland to be 
captain Ueuten^int. Ensign William 
Kavenshaw to J)c lleuieuitt. Date of 
commissions 1 '2th Aufi^ust, 1^02. 
Captain lieutenant J. Blair to bo cap- 
. taio, Lieut J. C ', lo 1 ',ip- 

tain lieutenant, j-^o-* -^ v^^^^i to 

be lieutenant. Date of coounissionf 
I4th October, 1802. 

4/*. 



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158 



ASIATIC ANNUAL AISIST£IU 1804. 



H« HamiltiOtt to be kenteatat ; date of 
^OmiMflioii 9th Ma]r» ISQB. 
Oipt. AUan Grant having arriTed at the 
^ «i 4fO cy, bat «iicceeJed so the 
diArge oC the o&e of ioim major of 
Mrt ^. Geoi:ge> in conlormity co the 
general orders «f,the 7th iust. 
On the resignation of that office hj 
aiptam Mark V^ks, the right hon. the 
^vernor in council it pleased co express 
JO: this public BHMitter* has -endi-eappro- 
JMttioo oC .the anenticm and xcgulanty 
"Wttb which the important and confiden- 
tial dtttiet of. that office have been con- 
ducteil by. captain Wilks; and hit lord- 
ship, at the same time, desires captain 
Wilks to receive the assurance of hb 
k)rdthip*s entire satiitfaction at his fide- 
lity, zeal, and integrity ; together with 
-his lordsUp's public f hsmks for the spirit 
of honorable attachment, mamfe^ed by 
captain Wilks under circumstances of 
the most trying nature. 

Lieutenant lliomas Little of the 
Sd regiment of native infantry, to 
commancithe escort of the resident of 
Mysore. 

Messrs. Samuel Gascoiene Mansly, and 
William Stuart Smith, cadets of the- 
year 1800, to be lieutenants; date of 
commission 90th July, ISOC 

Messrs Ihivid Ross and William Mar- 
grave, cadeu of the year 1800, to be 
ensigns ; date of ranlc aoth July, 1 801 . 

JULY. 

tA Re^meni I'fmiive Ii^m^. lieut. Ho- 
ratio Newington, to take rank in the 
array as lieotenant from the 26th May, 
ISOS. 

The name of Mr. Walter Shairp to be 
struck out of the list of mfantry, be- 
ing removed to the artillery.^ 

IQth S^pmant Native Infantry. Lieutenant 
Oeorge Jackson to talcie rank in the 
army as lieutenant from the 2(>thMay, 
1803. 

The undermentioned gentlemen hav- 
ing produced certincates c»f their 
appointment by the honorable court 
of directors, to be cadets of infantry 
on the Mablishment of this pre- 
'^dency, are admitted on the esta- 
blishment accordingly. 

Mr. Thomas M<Lean, Mr. Jolui Ekmi, 
»ri4 Mtf. John MoncriefFe. 

July 5,'lb03, The honorable court of 

directors having {permitted colonel 

' Francis Gowdie^ of the native infan- 



try, CO fetUJtt WtUI IttP tttm #B uS 

esublitkment of For St. Q if go^ the 
fovumor ia comeil ia pluaiut to to- 
odmit that oOceron tbt cttablulHMoc 
accordingly. 
Capttui L M. Cov^NMiit, of the Ma- 
dras fioropeto n p m a U j cnuuier- 
f«d at bit 0wn rmfamn totbo wm-ef- 
SeccWe cttafolishDittiL 

'* AkriLLBllV. 

Capt. Lieut. John Sinclair, to be cap- 
tain of a compaliy, vice Donaldson; 
date of commission, Slst June, 180S. 
Lieutr J. jy. Brown, to be capt. lieo- 
. tenant* vic^ Sinclair, pronoted; date 
ofcomnvssion, Slst June 1803. Lieut 
Charles Griffiths, to be quartefrmaster 
of the first battalion of artiU^ryi vice 
Brown, promoted. 

INfANTRV. 

^^h ItmmcM, Ensign Daniel Rustel, to 
be lieutenant ; date of rank 7th JooCi 
18«3. 

1 Sth Regimaa. Ensign T. S. Paget, to be 
lieutenant; date m rank ^ July ^ISOS. 
Ensigns D^vid Ross, George^rd^ 
ham, William Ormtby, and Wflljain 
Hargrave, to be lieutenants s cUte of 
ranked July. 1803. 

Mr. sur^Aon Watson having^ produced 
a certificate of his permisMon hj the 
hon. the court of directors to retuin to 
the medical estabGshment of t^spre- 
siden(;y, is re-admitted on the q^- 
blishment accordingly. 

Lieut .-col. Dodtwoctb, of his m^jeaty't 
34th regiment, is confirmed ip the 
command of PoonamaUee. . . 

&/ R^meiU Nathe UfaMrj^, CWpt. Alex- 
ander AUan to be ma)or« .vke Kennet 
deceased; date of rank 24th 7unei80S. 
Captain lieut. Charlea Lnca« lo be 
captain of company, vice Allan pn>- 
moted ; date of rank 24th JttM ^803. 
Lieat. Thomas Little to be c^ttia 
lieutenant, vice Lucas proMoldtf f^te 
of rank ^4th June. 

Madras Ewnfean Htgiment: Cftprt*' Lf*^t. 
George Custance to be captwiTdr a 
company, i^ee Covenant, transferred 
tb the nop-efiective ^tahfiahfMnt; 
date of commission ISth Juiyi 180S. 
Lieut. Henry Yard© to be capt^ 
lieutenant, Vice Custance protfioved; 
date of commission i3thJn*y J^iewt. 
Gilbert Waugh to be quarter^master, 
vidie Yardc promoted. 

19tif JHe^iment Nathf Infrntry. CJtt>Utn 

lieut. John Wssfct to be captitn of 

cdihpanjt 



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MADRAS :afiIJTARY PROMOTIONS. 



1^9 



s; !i» q »My » ldgB^ytardece»eJt; date 
H: Ji^c«4mii|ipi4 IstJttly^ i803^ i.ieut. 
)i oR(Awtt.Ww>D«vt»to be GapuBnbeute- 
'naJriulWMi^iWMKl-^pmaMifeed r«*ate of 
conunittton 1st Jutv^ifiiQti^ .u...-. 

9\«MWtam:«it«S{Wnrto.be tdrgooai vice 
t6M«pi4f (UNMiiP^>4»lftijCrJ<iik 17th 
Jaly, 1803. : iMrp!.te)i» i&itftBe» sur- 
geon, to b^ j|^ri«9|^ surgeon at Mmu- 

• ' . ,' /• -J f,' . -^ ^ ■/ 

. . .? I^XVaX^ PR 6 MOTIONS, 

. ^ £f eufeBafiH Dbbbfe to be cdmhunder in 
' ti. M,nar*7, and ^ovcrnof'of the na- 
' val hospital at Miidra*, vide captain 
• Ltok1i*en, appointed to the Wilhel- 
mina. Mr. W. F. CatfoU, a lieute- 
nant of the Centurion. Mr. Barber, 
of the Trident, lieutenant of the Wil- 
In^qxinal' vice lieut. Orchard, Inva- 



The underiTientioned gentlemen hav- 
J^* tag produced c^nifict'es of appointment 
^'to the Infatitry at tiiis settlement, are 
.'"aimitted caders accyrrfingly. 

Ir.jjT.ti'^. Mec-sfi William Henry Fielder, 
". Henrv Ma5*ey Couucr^'Pringle Fra- * 
^^ ter, tienry York Martin, Nichula* 
^'^'^ Graham, David Duridas Hamilton, 
\ and Charles r,an^on. 
ifitjsjf 8, rsOli. The horforab!e court of 
directors having permuted ensign 
\\'ifhiam Ciarrnrd of the eng;lnecrs, and 
Heut. M^itsoii Ferny haiigh of the in- ' 
ianiry, to return with thciir rank, on 
"^ the establishment of Fort St. George, 
q,^the right hon. the grtvcrnor in council 
. ' Uplea-ied to re-admit theae officers on 
the establishment accordingly. 

e r The unflermentioned geiiticmen hav- 
.•liiH^ produced certificates of their ap- . 
r^^poiatQic^t by the hon.^iur^pf directors 
to be cadets on lliis eaublishmem, are 
'•;amTiitt«d' on the estahtishmcnt accor- 

in.^^.r*. CAVALRY. 

, TjykMffV- .,^AJexaiid^r , Montgomery and 
i^^Cfaii0e»fidward Finch. 

H..f^r IKIANTHV. 

j iftfe#CT . John Thorny* ^yiVO-9 'V^'illiamP. 
1.' . ^uDiil^gbBm^ WillisHT> /^ime^ .Home, 
i,T ;[^a>p.J4*KeligrKH<a»5y^J^^ 

Peter Barclay^ WiUiam Rqdney Cham- 
••Jt'<S^» UjM*kf Foxbe», Hugh Forward, 
<c rlv^ 6jrai>t« >^'iJli^m Thomas ^aun- 
.. .flll^ ana Edward Fitzpatrick. 



Tbr hon. courr of iRfectort litviiig^plcr- 

• mttted the rev. RioiiarA Ltilitfto re- 
turn to faidia,'the right hon. the go- 
Temor ia council i» pkasad {0 re- 
Mbnit Mr. Leslie on the tilabUfiiiiient 
. of Fort St. George, at ttnior chaplain. 

The rev. J. £. Atwood to reBume the 
situation of chaplain of the garriion 
of VeUore. 

Messrs. Archibald Doughtt Stewatt, O. 
Anderson, and Duncan Brodtet hftv- 
ia^ produced indentures of their ap- 
pointment by the hon. court of difec- 
tors» to be astfistant iurgsOnt on this 
establishment, are admitted accor- 
dingly on the medical csuMisbment 
of this presidency. 

The following appointmentt to take 
place in the native infantry : 

^Re^imeia. Ueut. P. G. Hill to be. fid- * 
jutant of the 1st battalion,^vice little 
promoted; date of copunisaiou i24th 
June, 1803. Lieut John Bauer to be 
adjutant of the :^d battalion, vice 

' Evans deceased ; date of cominlisioa 
1st August, 1803. 
' \Ath Rcgtnunt. Lieut. R. ^. Yates to be 
adjutant of the 1st battalion, vice 
Elliot deceased ; date of commission 
9th August, 1803. 

19/A Regttnent. Licut. J. C. Hurdlsto be 
adjutant of the 1st battalion, vice Da- 
vis promoted ; date of commission 1st 
July, 1«03. 

The right hon. the governor in coun- 
cil is pleased to revoke such part of the 
general orders "issued by the govern- 
ipenf on the "i3d Dec. \m% as may have 
' Teference to thb Lascars establLshhient, 
which shall continue^ a^ fixed by the ge- 

• nerai order dated" the 4th August, 1802. 

The commander in chief having re- 
turned to the presideiicy, and resumed 
the immediate command of the forcet in 

• tHp Camaticy the ri^hf hon. the go- 
vernor in council is pleased to publish in 
general orders, his approbation of the 
conduct oi major-general Smith, while 
holding that command in the absence of 
iicut.-g){rn. Stuart. 

Major-gen. Smith is to resume the 
command pf St. Thomas's. M^D^t. 

The following gentlemen having pro- 
duced ceVtificates of their appojntiRcnts 
by the hon. rdurt of diVectofs, fo bq ca- 
dets on this establlshmebt of Fort St. 
George, are adtnirtef oh the estaj>li»h 
tnent accordingly, iis fadefsdf infantry. 

Messrs. 



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, Tl)oma» M«mi Aochmv JNlMf«c«n, 
IkiTOiA£l0Wart» WiilftMa G^dkf. 

..$9kk9 licMttoant ol srtiMfiffy 1 4«M of 
f niiiktinftfli'iil May, iiOa* 
• • % •* 

Slff^dlM O^PJff mttwry W AMir W toC 
^MlklUmlM.iOf1 of gT!lltt# Oi ^mWW, tm* 

der the orders of the iecreOtTf^ rt» 
military board. 

TUq fight hon. the governor in coun- 
cil is p4^a»rd tK> J>atill8u, for the informa- 
tioa of tlie army^ tUe tuUowic^ e^itnct 
of a letter iVoui tKe hcii, the cqurt of 
director*, dated 27ih April, JbOd. 

KiVBgrfph a.—*' We have retoi^ed t* 
Appoim twemy-etfht iddkiMMl ci^ 
4eu i^is seasun, for thm iafaacry •« 
your establi^meot. 
34.-!^ Ueut. coi. Thorn. Cok«» io4 Mr. 
V^lcncsne Conaolty, hmd tnrfton, 
ntSrtd frdm o«r lervke ; thtt foynm 
fh# l&th^ Jaftoary, th« faKCer Ui« 
fid of Feiytury last. • 
4ik.^** W« have penuktod thf foDftW- 
hi^ military officers to return to th#ir 
rtnk on your,€«t&bHshment) vie. capt. 
Kathaniel Thornton bhoirvrs, captain 
h«ift. James Rowles» f nsign Willum 
Oanvrd. 
5tAi.— ^ Wtfhaive appointed Mr.Ctofft 
' iiUsa AA assistant surgaon £or your 
wfndcncv, in further part of toe mnm- 
b«r wa tilts season (lHOi^) agraacl to 
•and t^ithar.*' , 
tfir, Andrew H^h» having y rfl ia ue d l 
' Indentures of his appointtaeitt by the 
liMi. the court of ditTctets to be an 
assistant sargoon ota this establishment. 
- is admtned accordingly on the fUecBtal 
^btaibltthmcot of chit pfetkkaiicy. 
Col- tMMin Vfgan, and major Rmgemr 
' Mc«)y» having returned to fodla uritn 
tht permisrion of the hon. court of dW 
i^^ctmt to resnme theh* rank on the 
estibHshtncntof Fort St. Oeorge, are 
r^^dmitted on the MtaMhhmant ae- 
eortingty. 

Tl>e undfrmentioncd gentleman are 
admitted as cadets on the establishment* 
fai conformity to the certificates of their 
appot|itflMt»t by the )tf)n, the court of 
&ec|ors: 



Ifmn rnuBplihiili'iifinahnnnii- 

worth, W&t f artina m^ 0. *JL'L 

Im M*tea4 Wimm W w i iir-w. . 
M asM^ Jam aaBafllia FapdaM^ndmhn 

MflMrapfMiMiMi^l^i 

of diractns to be assisOHt J9igMaa<m 

i.Mtthe xMiiaiAaBiMub- 
ment accordingly. - •* 

liaqraaanc Cfafrica Utarm^ to«bft'«4D*r 
tamt of thfl ft) luttalfaife, Wriii^i^^i 
muAot natiy JcfiwaiytaiiB tiiailijj 
^amMCfai to resign^ nt ^nsaf^dnctf' 
<if'iil heakh. i «.- j.. v 

inmjBKn* . •' • • i si. 

taaioft /, fitaart. cote fw^fmm^^Mf 
€ompaaf^ me^ Becky f dMMdsT^bM* 
of mmmimkm^miXict^ka^ intu 
;i iiMMcput BobefC Ba^kf , av bat 



tn4tad,^to«a«r 

lNr^.180*. 

«f brigi«j« ao tiii 



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cne#t 
M^rm Mnnfmm m^^mmk 



Umm wmim ChiiieU. W«I>. ateiOa. Mfti 



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MiBKAiriinirAftY FSOM0190N8. 



iSt 






#yi irnrfun David 



H^ ifcii Fiipi 1. JA. l^ttfiliiiJ, to 
beliFwlinrti &amHM,m0i Utk Sd 

IQltJMIi toiigTD»pci am i M r t . to 

'wwbBr, 180S. 
lUtBim iBmifn C W. TaMt, t» b« 

bcr, 1803. 

The gOT. in council -bsriiif rtceiT«4i 
daroBgfa tbt rhaa— i of tiM comouiMkr 
AchieL %fiMit of iIm wUtiBt mtiifatit 
ofloSltt aWk Mxtota^ of tho 1st 
liirtdiKi mh mmmt t«giiti, who wkK 
a i ri tf t| of Mdkw tuiopi, i» op|>» 
moo to a coiM»detablo lorco -tfi tbo 
cocsBj^ prtMTVcd a pott of importaaot 
M the Godaifcry, aodattocked tb« coe- 

Swtkwmeem^\ lu»iordihip,iacou»* 
hm htm piraiwti im teitimooy of 
hb nipwfcaiiiii «f t^comtadW io> 
midK $bdk. Modeko, tb 4inft» iNu 
he iW km mmn tf i wd to lU MMtlr of 
8dbite,«Rdbe tMroo M^paii m mt- 
piwiiiniy on tfatUt honaioft of die 
ftk A^flwKof OMiv* i«ifaalry, uotit a 
nmtf. ikan «4M f«e ^oiag Mm 
apilki|irtBgihr«f tftoft corpe. 
il* A(& J&HriijiWr^ ^Oi|iliitt tii». 
iMiOB flbirii* MHkwilla; 4o 'Im cap- 

HbhmI; iMre mS*^ conHnMuft, IMh 

te» ir:bo '««ptofa IkiKMMt, 'f^ 
MaodeviHe, promoced ; date of com- 
niMioo, 19th October 1809. CAptaia 
' 7^hompHB-'«» bt dcput; 



^AllMr^Wl.i«i& 

I tllUlVli, g»llWBWJi< f gj<th M|t. 

iMBJiiig ill ■ wiiAii ■ Afinog of tU 
mj^in the rooo»o>jll ^iwiiif I.M. 




k rtit fOUtlMni divinoa of thoWriUy, 
tMattmMbwiojAi 
I ^trikMttftMioa, Jhrfaoi^ 
ir;|HM|<iiry/4fcikal Mr- 
r feaidMcy 
m4mf wc" 
.ki^i«lto*d0it of Che 



»C*n iMt^l i>-JUrf hD4o4 




t<of tiM^ Ma* 

<*• » 8. ^obn Whne,<*6. WiiiMn 
VouC 



Dodd GreaToe,^4. Joha AndrtWy-^ 
& Jaraet Anaetlcy,— «. Joha BMt»— 
7. Gro|^ry Mockioyif>*"S, iama* 
Pattertoor-9. Charlea M* Cabc. 
Ut R^, Nmti^ ^oafiT— Capiun Uaii* 
teoaat J. W. CfoUio*, to be capt ob 
of a cooptay, vice iarker, dooMitd i 
date of cooumafleo, 15tJi Derffihf% 
1803. Li«at«i«MRobectM*l>omuC 
tohocapfia iieiiUoaitt» nco CoUhi% 

■et>|MMMl i dafta of COflUBMIMIto i^cb 

t>MiiiJnr> 140S* 

jANoaat 1804. 
oxKmai, oaoKia it oovBamixNT 

ro&T tT. otoaoi. 
The right honorabla the goremor 
in couficil has been pleaeed to appoint 
captain AQaa grant, to be Aid-de-camp 
to hi* lonMiip, and to direct, that tho 
appointmeot snail beconndcredtobawo 
iahe9 place turn the 1st of Septeoibaff 
last. 

Mr. Robert Ktadof , cadet of iofiMttry, 
to be an emlgn on the establishaMnt^ 
date of rank to be eettled hereahcr ; 
that oi&cer to proceed lo Europe, on 
sick certificate. LiietenMit J. Iimth, 
to be <}Marter-«tasier of the €th rMjt. 
oC native cavalry. Lituteoant A. M. 
iarnbav, to be adjutant of the Tth 
regt. or native cavalry, litut. T. 
. liOngau, of the 14th native regt. to 
be fort ac^utant of Vellore, vice Dun- 
combe. Lieut. James Waheb, to be 
.adjuttnt of the td battalion, 17th 
rtgt. native infantry« vice GreenhtU, 
preouited. Captain WsUiam H. Hewk, 
of tbe 17th regt of native infantfy, 
I to be 9ajpr of brigade to the officer 
. comm«nduiig the aorthcro division of 
the army, vice capt. F. Thompson. 
itAacH 
Q. O. Syth (hwrfimait, fort iS/. Gtorgf 
Major geoeral Hay Macdowall» ha* 
viag bcea appoiiitecC by his majes^, to 
tbe ataft* of Indian tbe right honotii>le 
governor in cow^il has oeen pleased, 
a& the recammeodatioo of the comman- 
ds in chief, to appoint that officer to be 
am«ji>r general on the staff of the armv, 
serving under the presidency of >'ort ot. 

Stbjtfgt, Native Tnfeuiiry ^T\it icA^cm- 

ing correction of the date of rank as- 
signed to officers. 

Ouitain lieutenant A MoleMrorth, to 
be captain of a company, vice Mar- 
tin, promoted; fl4lfc August, 1803. 
iitemenant J. ft aa gt ^ eo-So .ifii^ 
Ueutnnant, vice MoUtworth, pronio* 
ft ted; 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL RE€^T£B> 1^04. 



ted;. 24th Au|^t, 1W)3. Captain 
$e\ir^aiiiit /. Stuart, to he captain 
of a company, rice Blo^eld, deceased ; 
2fkl September, 180S. Lieiitenaift 
Robert Barclay, to h^ captain lieu- 
t^^KYit, vice Stuarr, promoter j 23d 
^tember, liKlS. Ctptaf n 1ieai6n;int 
Jtobett i^efay, to be c^iprafn of i 
company, ^e 9(fbhy, deceased ; S^ 
.October, ISOS. Lieutenant Getinyi, 
to be captain IteutMiam, rice BarcU]^, 
promoted; 5124 October, ISOS. 

Tht' foUoTVing promotions to talt^ 

place. 

Mai^rTllomst Ptrldton, of the IPrh 
regiment of nath'e inftntry, to be 
lieutenant-colonel, vice Innes, dece«- 
Md; date of rank the 24th April, 
1804. 

1810 kigt. Niftke A/^^y-^apuin An- 
drew M'Cally, to be major, vice 
l*arlti*bn, promoted; date of mnit, 
S4thAt>rtI, 1S04. Captain lieatenant 
Ridtard Marriott, to be captain of a 
cumpaoy, vice M*CsiF)}', promoted; 
date of commimion, 4th April, 1804. 
Lieutenant Jeffrey Preodergan, to be 
capraih tieatenant, vice Marriott, piu- 
itkjted; date of rank, 24th Aprfl, 
>804. Mr. surgeon Alexander wal- 
■ *on, to do duty in the southern divi- 
Mon of the army, vice Richardson, 
promoted. 

1%''R^. Nat'roe /«/tf/rfrV— Captain S4- 
ttmel Crane, to bi major, vfce M'Cal- 
ly, deceased ; date of commission, 1 ith 
March, lfi04. Captain T. Pollock, 
to be captain of a company, vice 
Crane, promoted; date of commis- 
lion, nth Manrh, 1804. 

19 Pi^. Natk'e Jnfuntrf — Ensipit A; 
H'-iy, and J. Dunn, to be lieutenants ; 
date nf f?tnk, the 22d Fcbrnary, 1804, 
Kn;iigo«D. C. Smith, to ht Heurenams; 
dfitte of 'rank, the 1st March, 1804. 
'Liettteiiam J. M. Cgombfe, of the lat 
TCI^'ent native infant rr, to be adru- 
<ant- of the 1st extra itattali^Tn, vitc 
fVewman,' r^mt>vcd to the 1st batta- 
frijn (Jf fhe ^h regiment. Captain 
A-Uan Grant, confirmed in the sitira- 
tion of town major, of I'ort St. 
•<5*dr^e, Mnd <r.'tptaih }. St. OeOroe, 
Of* hiVmRJ<?»ty'9 ftOth regiment, to be 
-hii' lordsM^'s *ai/Wfe^amp, from the 
^istkia»nt, V!CeOrittt,-re8igh«xi. 



«us M*rriott,tDbe niajofV,^ce.fpn|5^ 
transferred tg the non-cffecttvjc ""' 



btishmcnt,; date of commission/ 
Apnt*,*l8b4. Capt.lieut. P. Browne, to 
be captahi of .a compjtny, Wee Ma^ 
ott; promoted. Lieutenant jbavi^ 1^. 
ler, to be', captain Jieutenant« vke 
^rown promoted; date of comim^kbdi 
Utbof AprH, 1B04, 

CunnirigHam, yo be Ueiitfnai^t^' j¥^ 
Milvard, prompted ^ date c^ cm^ 
hiission, lUh March. X^M. ' .J^\^ 
surgeon 7am<!«T^icharaion,l» bit tliijpl " 
mmbcr of the mcdic?J^^irji,'.T^pt 
Main , derea«ed = *' - ^, 

I'he foltnvving dctcrniinat:on or the 
relative rank of certain subaltern otfi- 
cers of Artilleryj :is fixed by the honor- 
able the court of directors, in their lettfr 
of the nth August, 1H03, is '|iublisfted 
to the army, and those ofiicers.wtlV^ 
consequence, take rank as follows : 
Lieutenants M. H. Court, S. Creavelan4, 
7th March, IHOO. JJcutenajits L L 
Mackintosh, C Gahagan, 19th Aprit,,, 
1800. Liemenants U'. Poignand, J> 
Pasko, F.M G.bhowers, C.Hopfein*, 
son, Thomas Kinse)\G. J. Oorenam, 
1 2th December, IftOO. lieutenants 
W. Morriseon, J. Morehouse, H. Pyrf 
vi«, .'^Ist December, 180O'. Lieute- 
nant F. W. Ha1mer/3lst March, 1801. 
Lieutenant B. Bishop. 4th February, 
I SOL!. Lieutenant W. M. Burtqn. ^tJi 
January, 1 SO'X Lieutenant William 
Shairp, S2d May, 1803. 

APRIL. ,^ 

Lieutent-colonel Wallace T% to command 
the subsidiary force, serving with his 
highness the peishwah till fuither yr- 
dcrs. Lieutenant Agncw, to'oe ilept^y 
adjutant general, to the said ^orcii. 
Captain Johnson, of the Bci^hibay 
engineers, to be deputy quarter-m^ 
ter genera!. Captain Noble tj^'^ 
commissary of stores. Mr GiTnr' 
staflf surgeon. Lieutenant Betlinfh 
payma«er, an*^! commissary of pn3t» 
Vision. Major Robertson, commiv 
sary of grain and bullocks. X^pnteij- 
nant* Hamilton, of the Ben^t'estv 
btishment, now ser\*ing witK^t^e^- 
cort, with the resident at I^naK, 

, Pei*sinn interpreter to the cokn^n^Wd* 
fng officer of the siibsi diary. forei^. 
Captain Boswett Campbeltj pavYhas 
ter Captain Welsh, Ist battaliot), 
3d refitment, judge advocate. Mf. 
Rashleigli, to be a cadet on this esta- 
blishment,,, ^ ■ 
'' ' ' Lieutenitat 



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MM)RAS MlirfARY PROMOTIONS: 



163 



l4eA««d((E telfehneiy,' of fcfe Sd 
recent df native caValfT, Haymg 
W^ at)iHiiiated to a <^0'nwi4iQn m 

1.15 majesty's regiment of light dra- 
j^oons. The right honorable the go- 
vernor in council 19 pleased to per- 
v:.it that officer to resign the service 
•if the honorable company. 

IH Rm. Native Cavalry — LieUlCnant J, 
W. Morgan , 2d Sept 1 80 1 , J . ^^oore, 
I'd ditto. Cornets S. J. Blacker, L'SHh 
bep^. 1801, S. Martin^ 10th Feb. ISOt?, 

tl lie^. Nath't Cai/alry — Corneis, M. 
Moncrieff, D'.Buchau,H. Dalrymple, 
Tth July, 1801. 

W R/p. Native Ciiralry — Lieutenant W, 
C.Campbell, H. Rainsford, 1 Uh Aug. 
mi/ R Outlaw, 18th Aug It^Ol. 
Cornets, M, Plendcrleath, 15th Sept. 
: r F: Leonard, 10th Feb. ISO*, 

4ri /- .'. NaJhf Ca^aifj — Lieutenants, 
H. NfcwatI, J?th April, 180i', H. J. 
Clow, 24th April, 1803. Cornet^ 
R. aose.2^h Sept. 1801, J. J. JVIere- 
att^ 10th Feb. 1802. 

SA Regf. Native Cavalry ^ Cornet^ F. 
Samson, 25th July, 1801. 

9tB R^^t. Nkhft Cavalry — Lieutenants, 
A.Scott, llih' Aug. 1801, C. W. Bell, 
29tH Sippt. 1801^ H- S. Barbaut, JSth 
D*c. 18th Dec, 1801. Cofnets, F. N. 
Balmain, I5tb Sept. ISOl, R. JefFries, 
tOth Feb. laO'i. 

7(1' Rtrt. Native Cavalry — Lieutenants, 
G fudccr, 2d Oct. 1B03. Corneti, 
J WoodhoUse, 7th July, 1801, C. 
Turner, lOth Feb. 1802, G, Flint, 
4th March^ ISOS, . 

1',- r r i 'r-- •• ■ 
MAT. 

G- 0. fcy coveRNMf N T, Fort St. George. 
H's lordship in council is pleased to 

in -t.:: lie following promotions. 

C •/ Engineers. Lieutenant-coloncl 
ElIihuTrapaudjtobe colonel and chief 
engineer, vice Ross, placed on the 
fetited n»t. Major John Norris, to be 
Ceu ten ant-colonel, viceTrapaud, pro- 
moled. Captain W. C. l!ennon, to 
be major, vice Norris, promoted. 
Captain-lieutenant W. Farquhar, to 
be captain of engineers, vice Lennon. 
Lieutenant J. Fothenngham,to be cap- 
tain-lieutenant, vice Farquhar, pro- 
moted. Ensign W. Garrard, to be 
i^^vice Fptiierin^ham, pro- 
-X^ ^VTiifi of comidsaipxM, Itt of 

INFANTRT. 

7c jk. £fff^- JLtemeoant-coIoiiel Alex- 



ander Ite^, vice N1X01I9 placed. op 
the ret^rea list. Xieutenam-cu^cmel 
D. M*Nc4e, vice Bridgeaudo, L'^ut, 
col. William Kin&ey, vice Cgjllns, ^^. 
Lieuteoaut'/^olonel Thom«v^ Bo\vj^i:, 
vice BilclJ^ey do. lieuteoaut-culpjd^ 
Barry Clo^* ^uce Co^yogbam,, do^ 
from tixe Ist of MaY,i804, .. , ., 

To hf Lieutenant-^^QttJt, A^jbr . JoUi> 
Taylor, from the Utb regiment,.^ vic« 
Read. Major R. Powia, fxrom the 
12th regiment, vice M'Neile. ' Ma^ 

. jor F. Aiikili, from ibe 13th regiment, 
vice Kinsey. .Major D. Carey, from 
the 14th regiment, vice Bowser. Ma- 
jor W. S. Limerick^ from the 15tli 
regiment, vice Clo«e j from live Ut 
of May»lS04. 

Wik Bjigimtai f>f Native Infantry Cl^- 
taia Alexander Baillle, to be major, 
vice Taylor, promoted. Capt^n^ 
lieutenant J. Patterson, to be captain 
of a company, vice Baillie, promoted. 
Lieutenant Charles MdCleod, to be 
captain-lieutenant vice Pattersoa 
promoted; from the 1st of May* 
1804. 

\2tb R^hmeat of Naihe Infantry. C^tain 
H. Bucban, to be major, vice Powis, 
promoted Captain-lieutenant J. Mil* 
ward, to be captain of a company, 
vice Bucban, promoted. Lieutenant 
Joseph DlUon, to be captain-lieute- 
nant, vice Milward, promoted. £n- 
tij^n C. Laogton, to be lieutenaot^ 
vice lyilon, promote ; from the 1st 
of May, 1804. 

13<A Hegiment of Native Infgmtry, Cap* 
tain Alexander Orr, to be major, vice 
AiskHL promoted: Ca|ptain:4i«iue^ 
nant ¥. James, to be captain of a com- 
pany* vice Orr, promoted. Lieute- 
nant R, £. Langford* to be captain- 
lieutenant, vice James,, promoted. 
Cajptain Andrew Macpherson, to he 
major, vice Carey, promoted. C<^p- 
tain-lieutenant Benja^n Hardingvto 
be a captain of a company, vice Mac- 
pherson, promoted. Lieutenant J. 
Wrigbt, to be a ^ap^in-UemenaiiC, 
vice Harding DromotnL Ensign LM. 
Kelly, to 1^ Ueutenaat, victWrifJiit, 
proifioted. 
ISth R^pment of Nativt Jnpu^ry. Cap- 
^in George Phillips, to be major, vke 
Xinvfrick, promoted, Cafiuiii-lieuce- 
nant James Duj^an, to be <;aptfiiaof 
a company, vice. Phillips promoted, 
lieutenant William Munro,^ to ihe 
ca^taip-Ueut/^/uin^ vice Doocao, pcO(^ 
moled. 
tt« Th« 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL BSGISTEK, IBCtf; 



'AMeontbe l«tdf M17, 18CK 
' Th€ iia*i*« crralfy of thii ettftbUeh- 
tifMOt'if to be eacreafted, by tht ilMttia- 
IkM of wn eighth rAfimeai ; th« corps 
to tie fonned into foor briggdet ; each 
Mtade to tie rOdimmded by a C<eUMiel, 

' ind to eoiiflfst of tii«^> regiments. - 
' 1'he following proitiotiolif roroltiDg 

-ft^Ofn thk chtnge in the ettablitJvfAent 
<f-theeor^» of oatit^e dvah^, ftiror- 

''dtered; commiflM>ns to bMir ditce the 
Htof Mby, ISOi. 

CAVALHr. 

liieeteiiant^ coVmet John Pater^ John 
Orr, to be cotonels of cavalry to 
coiTi{>lete the estabKshmenc. 

7^ At Licuterutni'Ci>;oneU. Major R. J^Hiid- 
dtestone, from the 7th regnnent,! vice 
I^tar. Major T Buntnves, 'from the 
2d regiment, vice Orr. Ma^br A. 
Deas, from the 3d regiment, on the 
increase of ettablf»hrm>nt 

tfh Htfrhtrttrt of Native Ctivfitty, Optmin 

• I. Dunn, to be major, vice Hoiddlc- 

9ione< promote. Captaia A. D. Mon- 

teathi to be ca]>tain of a H'oop^ vice 

' Dunn. Lieiitcntnt J. WoodhoiDc, to 

beKentenant, vice Doveton. 

td At^ment »f Ndth»& Cttv^ffry. Captain 
Robert P»ic^, to be major, vice Bur- 
rowe*, •promoted. C»ptai»4ieiite- 
* uttttt M. Cosby, to be captain of a 
troop, vice Price. I^entenaAt W. 
Lewis, to be captain-lieutenant, vice 
Cosby. Comet M. MoncriefF, to be 
lieutenant, vice Lewis. 

Sd Rtgimftit of Native Cavaliy. Captain 
G. Dallas, to be major, vice Deas, y rp- 
moted. Captain-lieutenant J. Rutee'^ 
to be captain of a troop, vice Dallas. 
Lieutenant Mark West, to be cap- 



lieuttnant W. Lewiayita.be captain of 
a troop, vice Cosby, remcyrc^ t«:(he 
8th regiment.' Lieutenant J- Simp- 
son, ' to be captain-Ueat.ei#o() vice 

> Lewis, promtAcd. Comet C ^. Bu- 
ohao, to lie liettteoant* vice ^impfOD. 
Senior captain^lieutefiant •f-cafrairy, 
H.^ DonneU^from tbe Ut regiment, 

^ Jtd.be captain of a troop io-tbe 8th 
regimevkt. ^ 

Iji JttpM^ •/ Natn/e- iCtntalfj, • 
■ Libatffnant Valentioc Btacker, t« be 
' capt^t»^leDtenaikt. vice O^DoeoeU, 
removed- to. tlie 6th. Corpei 8t> J^hn 

) BiackeFf to be Htutieliaati -yk» V. 
filacksc, pcoqioted. .Senioi; 1ft tieut. 
of- csfvalry, U. M. West» frmt |h»,5th 
vTegiment Ik) be captaiif Aie4tciiaxUf ia 
the 'Sth regiment. 
sBA Md^imnd. <f Native C«t«4p> Qwnet 
B. Satapson; to h9 liettteflan|^.#ice 
West, prohnuted m UuEt 8th M^racnt. 

' Senior Ski iietitenttit of cay^dry, ^. M. 

. ' BatTtibf^inm the 7dl rc^e^t^ jn) be 

. ^senior liekiCena^'inthe 8th. regiment. 

"C Tjui3ie#, to be. beii£«siaQt» vice 
Bsniby, ccmoved to the 8tb rc^iiaenu 
SBUtqr Srd . lieutenMit a|f <;av9lryi A' 
Macleod.frool tl^eitb r^sifeiK it^ be 

\ wcOnd lieutenant ^Atbe 8th regti 

5tk Rfgimtm xf N^ht Capfflry, Comec 
Thomas Salvin, to be lieutenant, vice 
Macleod^removed/^0 8tbregt. Senior 

- 4th beat, da^alt^^.fi. B. Tifihbooe, 
- fhbm thc-Sd riegt, t9.be ^ lieafieoant 
in the 8th regt. 

irf Rmimmt 0/ Native Cavalry. Cornet 
H. Dalrymple, to be lieot. vice I1ch- 
bo&e, removed to the 8ih regt. Senior 
' \5thilieut. of cavalry, C. W. Bell, from 
the Gth regt. to b^ 4th lleut. of the 
•8th regt. 
tain-lieutenant, vice Russel. Cornet^ "^A JRe^tnentof Natiw Cavalry. Cornet 



F. Leonard, to be lieutenant, vice 

We6t. Senior captain •of cai^r^ , 

Patriclc Walker, from the 4th regi- 

. .m€nu tabei •-'■- ^ -" ■:.:l^.^■•^l'- 

. jfromtthe ^&t ut May, 1804.. " ^ 

■fi^ Mrgimei4 ^J^'<itive Cavalry . • Captain- 

' lieutef ant J. L. Lnshiiigton, to be 

• captain 9f a troop, vice Wdlker, pro- 

',, mot^ in the 8th regiment. I.ieute- 

,. naril A; W- D.iyidsoi), u> be c^plain- 

,,. lieui^nfintt vice Lushington. Cornet 

^o'R. Ci^e,.tq b€ lU;utenaat, vice D^vid- 

: 4on. ti^enfPf '^d captain of cavalry, 

. ,r,;M.(Sf)«by,^from the i'd regiment, fo 

rjMrbe-sexifpr .y^ipt.un in the 8th regi- 

;>vment,'^ , > , , .u i, .^ ,^ . y 



F. N. Balmain, to be Ueut. vice Bell, 
' -jen^G^ed ^ th^^^i regiment. Seniot 
6th lieutenant ift cavalry, H. Dalrym- 

j(i*ut. in the 8tli regt. , . 
^Re^eik cf NathcCa^ry: "X^Gfdet 

A-^lontgomery,tobe lieun'naVit, vice 
* JJalrympU, rc.novcd to the T^th regt. 
,*'^tnior Cornet of cavalry, S. ATa^tin, 
■ from the !st rcgt. to be Gthlieut.jn 
, .the Kth regmicni/ Setiior 'Jd' cotnet 
"'. C. B. parhy, from tKc 6rh r^. tp be 
, senior cornet in the^K rc^; itrtjior 

* ^d comet VV^'p. BailUej frotii ¥be 4th, 

regi?^t;>t, ^to Sd' comec^lit the 8ih' 



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MjBDBAS CUSlIHAJL^r '-MCOAIOTnaMSi 



^^ 



" -",' ^kMikai. tTArr.' 
liMemat general Sir Joha F. Crad- 
. dock,- comnuuider in ohic^. Mijor 

b^itnh David Snfth{ ^r Arthur 
Wetlcsleyi K. B. 'Btiijaiteio:RQaboclq 

• -Mf* Biflkarv paymlstrrJ7 Heotooant* 
ccMOpd^.. Ak Agoewv' ai^aftic i(en- 

•'l!ralt nuj^ Prad(irick.\P^u)L-e^:di:pu<* 

ty. major ; Thomai Bowieay aitijttant. 

Licocanant. 'i'h^mju Bam\^ <|ilaiter« 

mister ftutnk^ maioi' John Muiiro, 

" dilpiity. i*ieut auiBt4ool6aal - . iames 

-BniatMit milkary auditor ^ geotral, 

'' najor PMViok; Bruc^ deputy, ikiite« 

-MJtt I. 'PrehdetvMC^ atn^tant. . Mu* 

' jm lalni CmpbA; aotiag' deputy ad- 

• jtfttm-iftneral to the kiii]E^» treopi. 
Licucenant-colonel G.A F< liakc^ de-> 

• «Ky qvarcer.master gcnaraA t* dUe 
*>' Kiajf*« tr<Mi{M» niaj0r John Campbell, 

•iCItBi; faymaatcr to dioto.: Afejor 

' ')ttie» Leith, judgfl advocate general, 

• major lohn AAuoro, i^triiaa traiiila* 

tor. Nbjor J. Hall, of his maiestv^f 

' tad rcgt. Captain Jamfs Reyneli, do. 

'tidf-da<am|w to do* .Captain J.St. 

- Otorge^ military secMOsry to thei |p- 
varnor, Georgo tStraey. esq * acting 
prime «ecretary to <dttto, major 

. HairyM6nkkkm,eaptaM]»i.:St.Ocivrge, 

- kit' nuqeity'a aid-do-campa to ditto. 

M]trrAKT< aoajtD. 
UeMfnant general I. F. Crsaldock» dom- 
nflkkf' in chief, pfeiident Major 



. grnfr»l«Bavid-3milliw««m»Pd^i|t of 

artilie: y.* - Lieutcn4At^»coloi^ - A4cf(- 
j antler- Oft, ^luarterfnuaAtec -gftsfral. 

• Colonel £, Traptfud^ ihiereagiaf^r. 
JUi^uien^nft-tcoUiiielt Jv»m^ ISrm^toy, 

f, miiitafy *uudi(or grener^t • C«p(aiD 
Alexander ;Mc. Jilaekif^Wf -major ^f 

, birig»ile"to. .'&hQ kingViCroopSi 'Mr. 

-1 •lailieiitougbnan, cammi#s4ryotrinm- 
. lem .to ditto. Colon el. Charies, Rey- 

» - noldti «uPfeyor.gejaer»l, i/ieuteoan^s 
James R. Drummoad* J. SB^h^FUad, 
Lieutenant Williams, a»si»tantt>. Lieu- 
tenant Daniel Maiston, military secre- 

. t^ry to the governor, -CaptaiM Fnifi- 

.: ci« Warden, Lieuteoant Lachlan 
Mc. QuBfie, ai'ierde ciimpi io ditto. 
Captain Jasper NicoIU, sccxetary and 

' aidtCKifrcampa of tke comman.iing 
officer of the forces* DaVid ii^'rice, 

r judgt advocate. 

MUlTAItT BOARD. 

Lieutenant general Oliver NicolJs, com- 
manding officer of the force» presi- 
d<nc« Mi^r geperal John B^Usis, 
eooMniKidaiit of artiUery, colonel Jo- 

• .sepih Biand, chief enf|[ineer, lieutenant- 

colonel Joaeph Bodent quarter-mas- 

• tfr general, licutenant*colonei Ro- 
bect GordoBv adjutant gcnaraltt mem* 
beta. . Francis Warden, esq. .s^cteta- 
ry, John Williams, J. H. Bellasisp as- 

. sisunt accretaries. -^ 



BOMBAY. 



B^ thi QovBRnctt in Council j 



JUNK. 

,^ Jiijf. Xativf Infaniry^^ ^laj Or William 

^^Tpk'Slp to he major, vice ^ewart, dc- 

;^jCftised, *25th December, ISO'J. Cap- 

jfT^io- Edward T. Keqip. to be captain 

_. of a company, vice liast promoted, 

., ditto. Captain William Stewart, to 

^ be iraptain, vice Kemp, promDted. 

..jijfi»pr;iupi /Williaoi Su*wart» to be 

,'j captain of a comnany, vice Mil- 

- imgcKamp, jovaljae;!, I?d January, 

IMIJ. Captain lieutenant Bracklcy 

Kennett,to be captain lieute^'Aim, vice 

, S^T^aft, promoted, ditto. Licute- 



ti- 



•' hint John Mander, XQ'\lit Iieul««fent, 
vice K^oxiett; proriioWl, d|tt<y Cap- 
tain Mathew Brattan * t^' be itiajcft*, 

' ^ce 'Budded, i^irW,' 7A r*b.-f80S. 

' 'Capf^' lieufenfaftt'Braekley- KiPimet. 

" t6 Hie caV^rairt of'a r6irit>fct!j'< vice 
Brartan, nnwnofed^; tliMi.'HlP *liiue, 
i«^3 ^'Std^oii Johaf4iah'f%AVpt^ to 
Wcome thc'jbMofof the *fitmy s^hior 

' surrcohs,' vlce/J^rfjes, rttft'erl : UkTe of 

' rank, Idth a^^etfiber,- jfeOK '4)ur- 

• gedti John lH«riii.*itt'We stttj^il', Vice 
Jam^ retired ; ditto. Surgt<^.'Ro- 

* 1JdrtO0rttoiWOxld,^tb6eW**«^ 

Wilson 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL HECSSSTER, IBlM. 



f^bruary, l80d. Assistant surgeon 
James Vkene, to be surgeon, vie* 
Durliam,!M Feb. 1803. 

MAIIKE BATTAUOK. 

CftptaUi John Matheson, to be ciptain 
of a cooxpaily, vice Parry, )«ured; 
date of f>ank» lltb December, mOd. 
Lieut^oant Thomas S. Paget, to be 
lieutenant^ vke MathesoOjpromoti^; 
<litto. Lieutenant Henry E. Horn- 

, ^y, to be capuin of a company, 
vice Hunt, promoted, 7th January, 
IBOB. Lieutenant Edward Phih'ps, 
to be lieutenant,' vice Hornby, pro- 
motixl^ ditto. Ensign Philip W. Pad- 
Ifer, to be lieutenant, viee Wilkinson, 
deceased, 7tH MaYchy ditto. Mr.sur- 

, g«on Boaff, surgeon to the fencible 

' regiment from this date. 

5th Jte^t, Ensign Robert Pamwal. to>e" 
lieutenant, vice Montgomery, decea- 
sed; d»te of rahk, 23d May, 1803* 

JtlLT. , 

' Captain lames Douglas, of the Sd r^. 
of native infantry, to be commissary 
of cattle to the detachment under the 
command of colonel Murray. 
* The undermentioned gentlemen to be 
of the first class of cadets for the Bom- 
bay infantry, appointed in the season 
1802. 

Robert Campbd. Edward Davles, Ed- 
t . w^rd Parson. Americus^ James Ottis 
Brown, Henry Bond, Gewge Crack- 
low Viig^i Augustus Pitt .Knight, 
John William Edington, William 
Sba^. and Thomas Bycrley. 
Major Morris, of the 6th regt, native 
, infantry, to be superintend eut of the 
. cadet establishment at Versovah j and 
captain Gilford, of th» ith regiment, 
his assistant aiid adjutar^t. 
' daptaiB John Orifl^th, l6\t appointed 
commissairy of cattle and provuions 
Y ,^o the forces under the command of 
^^^'majox. general Jones, a; Snrat, iqadits 
, ^^(^j^endenclw. 

^^eu^^paotX). Mal^on*. of his majesty's 

j' J feth f.qgji.to be,tnyor of b^gade to 

the commanding bmcer at .9Uf^t« and 

, S^^npj^ awiftao^ SUrj^n Samuel ^^xo^\ty 



^ AUCUST. ^ . 

**■ BT OOVEaNMENT. 

The honorable the governor in couo« 



cil is pleased, at the reccnnnendatiin df 
tbe honorable major general Wellestey, 
and in virtue of the powers vested in 
^at oiBder, as published in general or- 
den, tmdfer date the Ist instant, to ap- 
jtoiiit colonel 'Jdka Murray, of fiis ma- 
jesty's 84th rcgt. CO the K>cal xnilitary 
ctnomatid df uie troops at Sufat, in 
the Attaveeiy districts, and genttalJy 
thtoughout tlM province of Guzerat; 
under inch ^Mcmctions as are or may be 
prescribed for liia guidance by tbe go- 
vernment df thl« presidency ; or as h^ 
may receive from ^he honorable ma)or 
gaaeral WeUesley, m pursuance of wx 
officer's paramount coihmand and con- 
troulfhmi his ezeeHency the moet i^le 
thcgovemor general. 

Thegoveriior in coutidi is pleased to 
appoittt lieutenant IMt,»f his in^«^s 
^4tfare^. to' proceed to theiior^Ward 
vith colottel Murray, in cahpadtv of 
brigade n^jpt to the troops piacW tfn- 
der that omcer*s command. 

SEPTEMBta. 

7iB Itemme/tt. Ensign AMWiam R. Lake, 
to d6 .lieutenant vice' Buchanait de- 
ceased^ date of rank, 29th August, 
I«b3. Captain Francis Warden, of 
the hatlve inf^ry on this eMahlish- 
ment, nominated aid-de<apAp t<>the 
honourable the Governor, in^ the 
room of Kfeutenaht Camac As- 
sistant siirgeOn Hector TullOh, be 
promoted to the . rank of surgcOn, 
vice Meek continued as garrison siir- 
ge«»p at Cochin, date of rank^ fst 
Sept. 1805. 

Jfit'&mci^ of European Infantry, Bosign 
Wifliam Stacy, to be lieutenant, vice 
Armstrong deceased, date of rank 
3d Sept. 1803. 

ocTOiF.ii. 
' K^nk of tlW pi?td ciais of cadet* for 
Bombav Infantry^ appointed in the 
season 1^2. ■ 

'flfH^e/<f,lVGlas. Rot^^; Melville 
Grindlay,* Benjamin Br«>t^M. ^flidmas 
Proctor; Robert " M' ^arliii^eiJ'Bar- 

ti)5^|om^9T.^nt; .. ,.^/:^^-l_ 

wants of mis^'esliabiishmefl^/lh rtt^t 
to ^n^^Jical .assistance Mr. ^iewitt^iur- 
g^n,oFthe h6nrtufHbIe'CdMp;a[ysttup 
Pri^jce ,6| 'wal^.B^' admitted" tp <^- 
nciate as an ^issiMant s{jr|:cbn'o'ir this 
establishment, tilf thV pleasure ^ol? the 
court of directors be known. 

ArtilJery. 



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BOMBAY AabKTAUY PffeOAKyTW^. 



m 



yiiik^ C9^tf(m , 9^. brevet Ji«t»te- 

, sane QQl^ixel liibn Bai]Ui^, to be xv^or^ 

lice JUoQg Uec^^sedft — d4te .of. r^ok 

18th of October, 1^3. Captiun Ue^- 

company, vice pai.iie pr9ippu4,4^:Q, 
ditto, ditto. iacmea^ntJauies Lqigl^- 
tofi, to be <;aptH»ii, j[ie^t!e aein|,», vice 
. ^a>oa promoted, ditto^dktOjduto. 
' The prornotioa of captam Mason to 
i cbmpaay, oc^'cvsi'oiiiug a vacancy iji 
the appointment of fcit adjutant ^t 
Toruiah, it is or4ered, tlwvt lieutenaiit 
Henderson, of the :5d rc^'ment of ;iA^ivc 
.infaotr), be appoiuteJ to that itatioh. 
'. The appointments, by colonel Mur- 
W, pf captain Buitj of the' 7th regt. 
oT native mfantr)-, to be deputy qyar- 
t^ master general to the hjrces luider 
his command; and of lieutenant Dale, 
gf hw majesty ^s ;34th regimeiit.fo^b^ his 
[secretary ana post master in the field, 
1iave» sit the recommerdatron of the 
commandiog officer of t}:e topees, been 
confirmed by the bono, rable' the go- 
vernor in councils 

Sth Rmm^ N^iive IrJ ntry. Ensign 
^ "Vim^ Qordontobe I'cutonant, Vice 
Campbeir d'ec'ease47 d.-^tcof rani; 9lh 
October, 1 0OX ' . Capt ^in tlobert Hen- 
fhaw, ty be ;pvajor, vjce Page ..gone 
home. 

Gen&jf rcncihU Orders^ ht (jcvrrnmemt. 
The honourable the governor in 
council' I* pje^ej.to- direct that the fol- 
lowing api^oiptments an4 promotioni 
talc'e pUcc in the fenciblc regirocntl' 
Captain lieutciivint t)ouglas» to be cap- 
tain of a company, vice Ashburncr 
gone to E^rope op furlqugli. Senior 
Ecutenint WtUiaiti Crawford, tO ^e 
captain lieutenant, vice Douglas, pro- 
muted. Major John Fell, to be lieu- 
tenant colonel, to fill a vacancy occa- 
tioned by the death of lieutenant co- 
. Ipncl Cherry. Captain ^.^. Smith, 
* ,j t£>bc.q>ajor, vice Fell promoted^— 
Captain lietitenant iA''illiam Ctnw- 
foni, to be capuin ^f a company, 
. vice SAiith^ahd liieu^enant J. A. Ortiht, 
^ ,-tb be c^ptaui-Iieutenivnt, viceCraw- 
*fdra promoted. 

„The following: api)ointmetit^ are tnade 
t^J^U up vataocies.in the (encibWregi- 

' i^^sn.^ifames SteVVns, St^iVirt, Mdn- 
. ;'<;tHr;*!ThriepWuL Jpjseyj B^U^a, 
, ;. ijj^mijef B9urc>i1cj%; ah>l Gebi'^e Os- 
'. botoe^job*; li'eH^CTWnt«f;' ; 



.,.. . «pvc¥a|:^;., ^.-.r-vz- 
Qn the occasion of captain .Wcqpr's 
.prcjeivt .^VRp'ication, pventju^Iy 'tp,^y^^atsp 
his oilice of garri^jn $t,Qtrekecpef ^\WO^ 
the course of the present season, and to 
return to r ! ., ' ", govern- 

gredt and uniturm s?.tlsiactiua_ Witich 
that officer has uirordeJ by the iu^^tilli- 
jgjent, zealous, and ht>i\o*irul>'c dincTiarge 
of ifeiC iiiiportiint Uuii aj^id -j^bpX^us 
duti(q8 of his department ; cuhaaped, 
as bpth have been by the qfrcumstiaj^ccs 
of the expensive ctjuipmenfs by sdii, ^nd 
land, which it has been his duly- tq su- 
periiltendj and of which He has ii<;quit- 
ted himself so much to his owi\ crpdit 
and to the public advantage, as will ac- 
cordingly be noticed to the honoutable 
the Court of Directors on hi>» return. 

' Resolved, that captain William Young 
8^and appuiuted to be the evciiTtual 
successor of captain Moor as commis- 
sary of receipt and issue of provisions 
ana garrison storekeeper. Ijieiuenant 
Archibald RobertSQp, 6th native in- 
fantry, to b^^uperimending-oih^er.iif 
the Sebundy corps, raised fpr the re- 
venue and interior duties of Gjia^erat. 
Captain lieutenant Rowlcs of the native 
cavalry, having returned to India, .with 
tiie permission 6f the honourable pour* 
of Directors, is r^-admiited \yitb ^s 
rank on the establi&liment. 

The foilotving appointments and pj^o- 
motions are ordered. to take place. 
Cava/ry. Me^rs. Robert Parker^ Fxi- 
ward Peard, Harry Wright, Jiames 
* Gorton. 

Ifijjtiiiy, Messrs, F. 1.. Burma a, Odorj^e 

Scomes, G. Lc^gatt, Robert Jobsyn, 

James X.oiither, Richard Ctcv^Cy Ta\- 

' ward Richantson, John Read, E. O. 

Davenport, Henry Conway, R. Bar- 

rington, Thomas Youngsoii,' John 

Fagon, William Henry Dave^aiit, 

Hugh Rfasscy, Stephen RolIestvjVi. 

' iJcu tenant John Mackeaon, of the 'J^lv 

. bastalion 7th regimqnt native infantry, 

having produced the prescribed cer- 

,^ tihcates has the goverupr in council's 

permission to proceed to Europe On 

' 'furfou^h for the recovery of liis 

hcaltli. 




eret With^ vvhic h ^O ^f^tfAen't rfepense 
Jor a time with hit services, as having 



x/4 



.jijy('2 'i.lJ 3! J- J >-'ud -jnT 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 180*. 



Giizent, and particnUrl^ during the 
latt command he held at Kurry^^c;pq 
frequently brought very faTdurably 
tmaer their notice. 

In order to complete the arrangeineai^ 
adopted on the 17th ultimo, the follow- 
ing medical appomtme<}(;5 ^rc, 19 t^loe 
place, via. '"'■''./' '"> 

Surgeon Benjamin Phiiippsy to be 
garrison surgeon at Broach, and de- 
puty ttoiekeeper there. Surgeon^. 
C Baird, to be surgeon to the 7th 
regiment native in£antry,vicePhtUpp«. 
Asflistant surgeon, D. Cliristie, to oe 
. inat^of General Hos^!Ul,and to have 
** charge of the Lunatic Hospital, vice 
Baira. Assistant surgeon B. Edmon- 
•tone is posted to the 1st regiment 
liktive infantry, vice Christie. As- 
sistant surgeon James Guild, to be 
' garrison surgeon's mate, vice Baird. 
Assistant surgeon John Guilder, to 
the medical duties at Cambay. Mr. 
George WaddcU to be commissary of 
-l^ieeipt and issue of ptt>visions t/> 
• ^ihe iTKkipa serving ro the northward 
^undet the eommand of eolonet Nfar- 
ray. Captain Cape to act as com- 
' mwsary of cattle, and^captkin Griffith 
M commtssaiy of stores within the 
«ame limits. 

Captatnt Griffith and Cape will carry 
ob the duties nf the commissariats de- 
partmettts, as at present, fill further oiw 
dets. 

DEcmaia. 

lit Regiment. Captain h'cutenaiit Adam 

Steele to be c:ip.„].. of .. v. :iip:;:.^., 
vice V^'•ight deceafie<l, Uate of rank 
nth December, 1803. El<i est lieute- 
nant Archibald M. Ram'^ay, to be 
captain Uci:tcn:'ot, vice Steele pro- 
moted, <;litto, ditto. Eldest eusign, 
Wiiliaxn Pcrccy, to be lieutenant, 
vice Ramsay promoted, ditto, ditto. 

ISth Rc^imfni Jsfati've Infantry. LleulCiiant 
Charlci £llwopd to be adjutant f)f the 

" i»t baWalidn, vice Martin removed, 
'' date of rank, 4th November, 18();J. 
Surgeon Benjamin PhHipps, to be 
ga^/ispn sur^tonat Broach, and de- 
puty storekeeper there. Surgeon V. 
C. B^'*"^'* '** he surgeon to the 7th 

;• itf^. natiVc infantry, vice Philipps. 

» ^, AftJrti^t''' Surgeon, '. D Christie, to be 

'^Wl»»6f 'tW General HospitaK and to 
l^a^fc ^hfetyge of-the Lunatic Hospital , 
vice Baird. Assistant surgeon B, ^d- 



roonstone, is postedtothe 1st re g i m e nt 
' fMV^c infantry, vice Christie. Aa« 
^ ^iistant surgeon lames Guild, to* hm 

garrison surgeon's mate, vice Batrd. 
^ J^Mtftint surgeon, John Gilder, to the 

medical duties at Cambay. 

. ^T if^h±KktH%, April, 1804. 

The honourable the governor in 
.council is pleased to direct tliat the fol- 
lowing promotions take place, in the 
corps of artillery. 
AriMety, ' CBptiiia lieutenant James 

£y!es, to be captain of a company, 

vice Masoo iovalided, date of rank 
, 28th April. 1804. lieutenant Chuguies 

J Bond, to be captain lieutenant » vice 
* fiyles promoted, 28th ditto. 

MAY. 

I.ist of rank of the -Ith i^lassof' ^^^^^ 
for the Bombay infantry, appointed, in 
(he season 1802. . . '. 

Sijcx. Richard Wymond Corry, com- 
mission ICltli June, ! sol, William Cup- 
pies, John Taylor, Robert Campbell, 
Edward Davies, Edward Pearson, 
Americus James Ottis Brown, Hen, 
Bond, George Cracklow Pa^c, Au- 
gustus Pitt Knight, John William Ed- 
dingtou, William Shaw, Thomas By- 
elly, Hatin;ai, John Lorimer, J^mV^ 
Mac Donnell. 

The above gentlemen are to be en- 
signs, frdm'the «fh JnfJ', tBO% ^4 
'to be li«iiti?ftants tb fittVacanciet frbm 
th* 80th January, ISM. ■'' ■''' 

*' vofMnAT touWttt. 

The hoiio\irablc lppatKant)mic;ip» pre^ 
siilcnt aiid g6vernor|, lieutenant £^e- 
ral Oliver NichoIU^ Lewis^ .CocEran, 

. e?q, Thomas i.^chmere^ . ,c«^. .Iaodcs 
Augustus Grant, secretary." , 
, , . ... r. ,, , -,.,..•) 

, GENERAL, §TAf r. , ' ' ' u. 

Lieutenant, general. Oliver ' ^qpll^ 
commanding officer of the forces, 
lieutenant colone^ Robert Gordon, 
adjutant general; major T. C. ^iar<* 
ris, de|)\ity ^, Iteot^ant coloneMoaeciA^ 
fibd^»,'(}iiaKei--ttiaster genfrra^vthtar^r 
At<rbibMd Bpeiis, dcfputy ; Heik^int 
Ale^tetfder Hay, acting deputy tis? the 
military- cdditbr genera^; wllUAm 
Broughton, esq. military paymaster 
general; Jam^ Law, deputy ; captain 
.Joseas' MaT»h»W< .fCcrmAry W lAf|UI)9H 

{ JTW^ FilJitm >Iorriwn,..df|iuty ; 
lieutenant John Bushby, osMstant. 

CiiYLON 



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6?£ 






CEYLON,; 



MILITARY ESTX6LISHM£NT. 



''1 



Gtowsdi Ortkr^^ 



J^le^iiit t. W. Mercei^; of' il^ l-Hst 

• ttgltrfdji; ;to be 'fort aijuUht o^ to- 
lumbo, Vine Graham'.' L'itutenant 

tiltery, to be fort adjutant of Gali?, 
xrfce Mercer. Captain tV.' Macjihcr- 

^ ttjn, tof his majesty's fl^th regiment 
of foot, to be commissari' general of 
IJrain ancj provisions, vice 1} air cle 

"^ceasH. Lieutenant I'redcrick Hiti- 

• lc«^, of' his majesty's !>Ui regiment, 
to t>e secretdfy to the military board, 
vice Macpherson. Major John Wil- 

^k)n, of his majesty's 12th regiment 
of foot, to be barrack master general, 
-JiiccBfJair decfeiserf;^ *" ^'.^ :; 

p)ptaivHobfFt:B}Ack^U toUt conunan- 

Mr. Martiin^^^a«fc,^9'b^)vaMi8- 
ustaot surgeon, vice William Seliert, 
from this ^1^. , XJ«)it>' -^ODel Tho- 
mas I>esl)jpsay, of tjiexpyal artillery, 
tft be ct^rtitt^ndint of* Xrihcomalee 
*; aijfi ib'*de](jdidendies. , Catitain 1*ho- 
ini^ >*Aiii; b^ rhc i'oWi engii^ers, to 
tike tiarj^ 6t th^,. Apartment* at 
Comou. ' ' ' ^ ' ' ' ' 
Captain Corcrave will deliver over to 
him live pap^re^ind 4cc6uiits belonging 
to ,^f8 M^ft'as {? cot^\/enleut for Kim! 

" \^. \' \ ' ' 'AVeci'T? ' •"»'•*"*' 

V5UUapa.Mcw\tg«pi^rj^,;iesq*..U».ta;«r.. as 
vokmt^er in the aati V4> i^ntryt with 
. ,n^l(.^ ems^r .X,i«jfte|i^ iHi<?nry 
,1 $t4ii|«r, pr jiiii wajcsur s^i^ r^g^ae^it, 
r:|f)'b|&-forti^djuUJitpf,^a|uriEL. , . 

M^WiUinhi Viticckit^^f Aft m^edty*s 
'J9t|l^re|iBi4;lrt/>^ Iff c^mlttKh^il 



Qstenburgh, PQtil, niitt^er 



■7.-\.lir. 



.:f.;i 



of fort 
orders. 



d b. BY MAJOR GF.NERAL ^ACOpwl^^. 

JUeutenaiit W! Gosset, of the royal ,*n. 
riucers^to »,akc charge ot' thp cn^iQiper 
department 4t Calle. ^, / , 

O. O. By T1<E COVERHOa. 

Major John fivona^. of'hif m^9flgr*B 
idch regisBent, k •ponMiifea^ com* 

. w>an<ianf of Manar, UU iiirtliBM»K 
ders. • .. - 

MootalJa, to be ijiativf captaia ia hu 
majeA^V mahy regiment { cQroinis- 
•ioti dated 1st March, 3 8o4 Am»ci 
to be feosad Ueuteoant in the same 

. :€orpft ; commiKion dated Isc Mar(?h> 

., 18(^, Achmet Oavif, tobesecPH4 
lieutenant in the same corps; cooit 
mission dated S2d March, 1803 Ser- 
jeant Johnston, of the royal artillery, 
to be laboratory serjcant; and ^cor- 
poral I^ne to be store 6Cr|eant at 
Colombo, till fnrther on'ers. 5^cr- 
jeaqt Howell, of the royal artsHery, 
to be laboratory serjcant, and bom- 
badier Russel to be store scrjearit till 
further orders, at Point d^ Gvilie. 
Lieutenant Dona!d Mac Donald, of 
his mdjcsty's 19th regiment, to be 
fort adjutant of Point de Gall^ till 
further orders. Lieutenant Fuliarioh, 
, of the Ceylon native infantry to fake 
cliarge of the, pWeer cojuiaay ' at 

Q, Q.!,^»r WAjb|L QENflAt MAVt>bV^^L. 

A.rW.^odv'etq.vis appointed ,t^fi^q|ite 

at, )i4puty >udga i aA»flcaV? j «Mi»pi4he 

*absef)e« : of» ^l»p.t(ai«v j?,< Wcv*#»A ©^ 

.-tlifl Ceyl^negi«iia^, wi>o)Mil£9r<>* 

' lope .' .> »7^',t •» t06t .' ; C\ .'jilfid it V 

Mr* 



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170 



ASIATIC ANNUAL B£GIBT£S. 1804. 



Mr. Scmacr^actiog favriaon $urgtoa 
of laSoapaum, is directed to take «i»> 
dkal charge of the deuchment of hit 
majcaty** a4th re^tsneotof foot, doing 
duty in that gar n son; this ^ppoifl^ 
mcnt to be dated from th« 1st of Sep- 
f ember last. XJ^ut. A. Robson, is ap« 
pointed to act as paymaster to his mv 
jetty's 19th foot, vice Ottcley resigned. 

o o. BT TBB oovtavoa. 

Lieutenant colonel Dcrbrisay, com- 
manding the royal artillery, to be a 
member of the military board. 

MAICR, 1804. 

His excellency the governor is pleased 
to aUow the captains of companies of 
his majesty's malay and Cevlon native 
infantry reeiments, to draw half yearly, 
under shnQar regulatioBs, the same 
non-effective and contingent allowances, 
as the captains of companies of his ma- 
jcfty's Buropean regiments.. 

The above allowances to be drawn 
from the dates of their respective com- 
missions. 

GINCRAL STAFF. 

TTie most noble, Richard, Marqus Wel- 
lesley, captam general, eeneral lord 
I^ake, commander in chief. The 
hon. F. St. John, his majesty's. W. 
N. Cameron, W. Dowdeswe!!, his 
majesty's. John Mac Donafd, Edw. 
Clarice, major generals. Richard 
Macan, Hciuy Cieriton, Ist re^hnent 
of foot jjuarcls, Miles Nightingale, 
5Ut regiment of foot, coTbnels; 
John Gerarl, lieutenant colonel. 
Thomns Sallccld, major. Cd^onel 
Henry Ctinton, adjutant general of 
the kin?** troops. Colonel Miles 
N'ghtin;ij:ile, quartermaster general 

" 'of ditto. Lieutenant colonel John 
fierard, a'ljutant general. Major T. 
FilkcM, his deputy. Captain W. S. 
Creene, militsiry auditor-general. 

' CaptairiH. ImUck, his deputy. Li eu- 
trnant colonel H. F. Cafcrafr, jtiflge 
a'lvocate general. Major Walter 
Hai^^es. aIb ddputy. Lieutenant 
colonel Robert Colebrooke, wocVeyor 
general. John M-Kenxie, esq. mili- 
tary pftymftst«r gtneral. Simon Kw- 
< < , 'a^Msq. his deputy^ William £dward 
Fhiliips, ,«Aq. .commisiarv oC mvstcrs 
. '. to tl^e. king's troopv lames Gray, 



esq. acting connmssary. Mr. James 
Lockart, compiler of accounts to the 
king*s troops. John Buraet« iiuer- 
preter at courts martial witbia the 
province. B. L. Greneir, iaterpreter 
at courts martial la the field. 

STAVr. . 

To hit axcellfcncy the moit noble the 
governor general. Captain M-Sbaw, 
hit majesty's 76th refifflent» paivate 
secretary. Licuteoaat ooloom- Geo. 
Hattacoort, of his Bajeaty's l^th re- 
gineot, military secretary. Ca|iCain 
James Armstrong, .C R. et^tma lohn 
Ritap, his majesty's T6th xtpmtmt, 
lieutenant B. Sydenham, Madras 
engineers^ tieutenant George Bristow, 
77th regiment of foot, fieutcoant 
Barges Carnal, malay regiment,, aids- 
dc-camp. Lieutenant cokHiel JL A. 
Kirkpatrick, cokmel CoJins, C4i|pnel 
Barry Close, lieuteoant colonel Mal- 
colm, honorary aidf^^eampw 

To the commander in chief. JUttvte- 
nant colonel G. A. F. JUke* hh ma- 
jesty's military secretary. ^lieute- 
nant Qoloaei John Gerard, Persian in- 
terpreter. Lieutenant «u|on«(' G. 
A. F. Lake, his Q^estv\ cape Alex- 
ander Morriion, aids-aC'Camp^ . 

To general officers. Lieutenant JiUlph 
Coxan, malay regiment, major of bri- 
gade to majdr genea^ St. John. 
IJeutenant Thomas Wrtson, aid-de 
(;&mp TO di^tto. Captatn diaries 
Stewjin, aidnle-canlp to major general 
Cameron'. 

iMILITARr iioAao. 

General lord Lake, president, liiajor 
eeucrai W- Cameron, \icc president. 
Alajor «n;!ra] W. ,1^, Cameron, 
commanding officer, prc^idcricVj sta- 
tion. Major general C. Gtcen^tom- 
mandant of artillery Captain W. 
S. Greene, quarter-master general. 
Lic'itenant colonel John OaHtJo, 
chief enj^neer. Lieutenaht eo^>nel 
John Gerard', arljutant *er»ora4. -Cap- 
tain Anthony Greene, secretary. 

STAFF ATtACWan TO GAaRUO^* f 

FortfP'illLim. * Major ^^n. Pfascjr, Com- 
mandant. MajorH. r. Calcraft'fown 
and fort major. Captain H, V. White, 
Tort adjutant. Cs^atn I T. "Blunt, 
barrack-masfrf. OrpWte Jnhi^ j^afon 



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CCVLON inaJTARY ESrrABLlSHMENT. 



m 



Itoji^'of brigade presidency. rNfajor 
C.'Prtt*er,^farri»on ttorekccijer. Cap- 
tain T. Axrininr, ^otntnissarj of 
stores. Captatn CJ/ loHnstobe. com- 
Diissaiy of ordnance! Ciptain T. 
Shuldham, barrackmastcr , BarracTc- 
pore. Captain T. Dowdl, 1st a»- 
ustant in the arsenal. I. R. Fiilford, . 

<liietor, arsenal. I. A- Strangury, 
ditto, expence • magazine. ' rRobert 

- Brown, dfOOL lobn Talbot, ditto, 
9ncnal« £ Moran, ditt», cHttOu A. 

' HwDiinDy dHtQ. J. Allen, ditto, 

' ditto. I. Hall, garriBoa paymaster. 
Simoa Ewart^ ditto of extraordinaries. 

-"¥r»ici3 Betfbur, senior mem. med. 
board. W.R. Munro, junior ditto. 
Alexander Campbell, secretary ditto. 
Alexander Campbell, gsprriwn sur- 
feoa. Michael Cheese, assistant 
' ditto. George Boyd, head surgecm, 
General-Hospital. John Schoolbred, 
JoKn Campbell, Samuel Ross, Geut^e 

'■ Ph»Uat, Richard WiUiama, assistant 
' fsrgeons attached to the general hos- 
|iitaL Jaroes Campl>eil, apothecary, 
William Himter, surgeon to the ma- 
rine; James Hare, juflucr, assistant 
ditt^ John FuUarton, ditto, orphan 
-'s^ooL 

• BERrtAMPORE. 

ijQitimaiidiiu; captain W. Burton, major 
of brigade/ Captain' Richard Lam- 
bert, barrack-master. Capt. Qeorge 
Flembg, engineer. Staunton Penny, 
head surgeon. I. Robertson, W. 
Wooley, Geo. Thomas, assistant sur- 
geons. G.ftavenscfoft, deputy pay- 
master. ' i Roquier, dep. commissary 
of ordnance. Thotnas Howatson, 
Robert AiotheriU, conductors. 

MONGHVR. 
Gokoel W. Palp?«r, conynandant. Ma- 
ios Philip r d*Auvergne, ior^ adjutant 
Roiii>fo9re wmfkt surgjsoa. 

biNAPORE. 
^netal Nlirol, ccmmandact. 
[ Thomas Harript, major of 
Cafitaia W. . C. Alston, 
t,«na«ter, Capfain Charles. 
J|«Sgit»eer. Captain C Gale, 
H#t09li|usfary of ordnance, T. 
'jruiiHps, heaid surgeon. H. Gibson, 
I. Sweeney, H. Hooper, I. Porter, 




•9sJ«tant ditto. Bavid-Biirigetf, Pay- 
master, Samuel Chill, condnctor. 

GARl^ISON OF BUXAJR. 

Coliincl liugh StaiFanl, commaqdant. 
captain James Maxell, fort adjutant. 
" H. Boutflour, assistant surgeon. 

GARRISON OF CHUNAR. 
Gen. Gw Dearc^ ^omgnmdaMt, engineer. 
W. G. Maxwell, major of brigade. 
S. Pryor, fort adjutant and barrack 
master. — Pennington, actiug com- 
missary of ordnance. Sir Frederick 
Hamilton, deputy paymaster, I. G. 
Henderson, head surgeon, James 
Denny, I. Hume, assistant ditto. 
Alex. Aird, T. Robinson, W. CcAr- 
mack, conductors. 

. GARRISON OF ALJLHABAD. 

Col. R. Humfrays, commandant. 
Whinyntes, iV-rt Hdjutimt and barrack 
master. W. C. Smith, engineer. Alex- 
ander Glbb, surgeon. Captain H. 
Balfour, commissary of urdnancc. 
Lieutenant John Pudner, deputy 
commissary of ordnance. J. Fitzpa- 
trick, W. Bartlett, conductors. 

CAWNPOOR. 

Major general F. St. John, com- 
mandant. Capuin H. Cheape, major 
of brigade. Captain' Hugh Rose, 
brigjide major of cavalry. Captain 
Thomas Wood, engineer. Lieutenant 
James Ahmutty, commissary of ord- 
nance» P. Gore, James Hunt, con- 
ductors. A Carnegy, head sur- 
geon. H. Moscrop, W. P. Must©n, 
Grayfon Hall, assistant ditto. 

PUTTY GHUR. 
Major general Charles Ware, comman- 
dant. Lieutenant colonel M^Intire, 
commanding artillery. Captain John 
Harris, major of brigade. James 
Edmiston, paymaster. Peter Coch- 
rane, head sorgwn. Robert Cattt, 
commisaaty of ordnance. Joseph 
Bottie, conductor, ^ames Wilkinson, 
ditto. - 

MIDNAPORE. . . • 

Lieut, colonel Fenwiek, toUMnSttdant. 

H. G. A Howe, deputy commissary 

of ordnanccii Jai»es Birmingham, 

conductor. 

GOVERNOR 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1S04. 



66VKRNOR OENERAL*S BODY OttARD. 

Capt. F. A. Daniel, Mad establishmeDt, 

commanding licut. G. H, Call, adj. 

^ jk&d quarter-master, licut. CJeorge Be- 



chcr, doin|^' duty, Heut. * J. Do#tsoii« 
Mad. establishment, ditto, LkW. Ot^t, 
surgeon, A.Dc L*£tang, vetcri&^ry 

turgeoa. ' 



•uBifkfttS, MARRIAGES. AND DEATHS. 






■^'M i^vr;) ,A .i./.'f M^.i' . : .' . BIRTHS. 

May, iSc^.— At Madras, the lady of 
Gilbert Rickets, c»q. of a son. Auhe 
same pla<*c, the I.idy of ]. H. D. Ogil- 
vic, esq. of a :ion. ^amc place, ^t 
the Mouni, the lady of iieut»-col. Bell, 
of a daughter. Same pUcCy tbe lady 
of major Lardy, of a daugbier. At 
Bcllar>', the lady of msjor Darly, of a 
^i^daughter. At Ceylon, the i8ih^ ba* 
o^QOcs^Mylius, of iison. At Bombay, 

»^*j5tbe lady of Robert Dnimmond, esq. 

io of a daughter. Same place^ the iaay 
of lieutenont Charles johnBofid, of a 
daughter. Sj:\ic plicc, rbeladynfj. 
I'horpc, esq. of a ds.i^^hter. 55time 

^u. place, the lady of Mr. Gabriel Alva, 

r.Ifez, of a daughie^^. At Bengal, Mrs. 

/iaDrcnmng, (51 a son. Ai Puluh hobte, 

'i ♦the lady of captain B;ir^h, of a son. 
"<^Mrs. A. Thomson, ofa daufhier* At 
fKfierhamporc, the bdy oi lainea Paten, 
esq. of a son Mr^. Hod{;kiQ(an,.4jf a 
oaiighter. At Kvrahad, ihe lady df 
captain William Scott, of i son.' At 
Djuapore. the ladv of rev. Dr. Stac^, 

• i«>f a d.iu«htcr. The l.idy of ca|]iain 
^ iEdward Bacon, of a son. At Qai^'n- 

,^'ipaTQf the lady of capiiin Hunt, ofa 
i-non. At Ceylon, count -as Van Ram- 
>^ aow S::nior, of a yjit. At Point de 
tJ.'Gallc. the lariy of W, Carmfcbael 
ijClfibson, esq. oT a daughter* • At^Sc- 
TfHinapaiam, the lady of coL«Carfiile, 
.:^ ofa daughter. , - 

jii" H E .-^Mrs- Hurgerford, of a ion. 
Mrs, Bi;*ckaU, ofa son. Mrs. M*ICen- 

• 'tie* /fiKhrcg. ofariaughler- 
•^i.v.i-At nhaugulpon*,. the hwftr of 
■ ijofanties .VViiule, tiq. of a daugnier. 
^ f cS#ra. Oalby, of a son . M rs. iDesbros- 

''-ies, of anon:. Th*- lady of [nmrsXay- 

•\iit\ ^sq* of a daughter. Tb^ iadt of 

liear.*coU Glass, of a diughtcr-/i At 

''^'lAiipnghur, the lady of licut, Watson, 



of a son.. At Sylhet. the lady of E. 
Cooke, o4* a soh. Thi- lady of John 
Cheap, esq. ctf a dMS^bcer. : At Be- 
TBces, the lady of sir Frederick Ha- 
riiiltor, Bvt. of a dauRhtfcr. Tbelsdy 
of AUafi Maclean, esq. ol a Mm TThe 
lady of captain lietzler, <^a ion. 'The 
lady of David Rosi^ «sq. of a daui^blcr. 
The lady of Chmto):^01dfieia.'«q. 
ofa dau^hterr The l^y' of Major 
Charlea^ Frasec, cif a son. At Mborsbe- 
dad* the lady of T. F- Bevan, eatj.jof a 
daughter..' 1 he'Iadv of Henry TnMnas 
Traverse esq. bf a iJaMKi^er. AtiSvin)* 
pore, the lady of lieut.-col.BUckvtall, 
ofaaoh. * At Gusxrah, Mis. Honod, 
of a son. Ai JeteoKe,' theiady of Wil- 
■ Ifaxd Aimatvont^,, c&q. .ofa soa.- At 
. Fuity^ui, (hcLlady Id c^ptaidCliirles 

. Brieuck^ ofa ida«^htec« At Slackas, 
the iady 6£ WilloAm S^u,.!caq. .of a 
fon« • AtGanSaoDt'^c Uyiof^BJor- 
geli. Conygham*' oSiD^o^ lAx Sdriii- 
^aparkm, dae lady jof captiann dFre^se, 

w o£ a dbio^^terfc ^.A^KIaute,. thcIlKly 

'. oHofd Geor^Stflw^itf iaf a dangMer. 
The kdy oiBeuteoant-doIoiiaL AJq«w, 
ofa fido.. At PpomfaahnuilMe^.tb^iion. 
^4n.iSt« Job^ .of.!a!ililu0bier.ir)iAt 
TfTincoQtiluci tJu: iiadYoVvcaptidDxlSw- 
Ecno:^ of a-sbd . ' AtMihg^lovIS' Aflriady 
ol lilrut.^coi«. <Baibllatd'Cook(fi)£ aina. 

AuGvs^.-r^^ BtffribiV. iiienib4r>of 
.U.-opV^QatoBiOAdsodi $aiBb|phKB<lhe 

. ladyorficapiai^TuokoiLtislft^lY^li- 

() JHioiDr: Pbilipui read. 1^ a idaoglaer. 
. .TholM^v^afAiM.IU^iMki, esKb^^ofa 

-aofi. .Thi lady»f JoHa AcW*^^^ 
. ^^ofason.\iAit GhiuzepodVi.tl 

;: Kftditerse Road^r ^ iady ^iBJkiP. 

■i SflOfiiiy^sa. oF^doHfthter. : Tboilidy 

of capt. John Cooke, ofa son. The 

lady 





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BIRTHS. 



173 



,,M^af capum Bockt pf a ioq. At 
VnPCQaits, the Wy of Francis Hawkins, 
' . 0(j, oi a son. The lady of Jobo Sta- 
pletoD, csQ. of a daughter. At Nat- 
tore, tbe lady of Duncan Campbell) 
esq. of a son. Mrs. Isaac Malchus, 
tifa son. Mrs. C. M. F joUing bery. 
of a son. At BarrcUy, the ladiT ot 
lieut. Houston, of a daughter. 

SEPTi^BJi 11.— rA%Bomf>avi, Mrs.Cberr 
iv.^aTsin. ^ Vhc hldf& Jo«^ 
Jbouglass, esq. of a daughter. The 
lady 6f capt. Hcnr>' Matihew, of a 
daughter. The lady oF George Abbot, 
esq. of a SOD. Ac Bcrbampore, the 
lady of James Robertson, csa. oi^Jipt^. 
At Serampore^ Mrs. Savi, of a daugh- 
ter. ^ At Chunarghur, the lady of 

"^ dtpxun James Pkuiimer, of a daugh- 
* i^rJ The iady of Gcorgt Arbuihnor, 

.^'ts<^. oFadaaj(h«er. Mr$.GotiifB, of a 

j2ad^fater^ At Hydrabad/ the lad? of 

rGcMge Ute, ei(]. r^F:9 son.. Jilrs. 

■ Tumet^ 6f 2^ soi^ ' At ^Scringapatam, 
Ma. dt' Mcuron' Bav^dj jof a son^ A t 




:AiM4dias, ihe i»ftjrof sD; Neak, tsq. 
^ of ;a ciao^feir.i The bdy of captain 
' Hiil; of a Isbn. At/Dunpo^e, the 

hf^ of iieatcnaat BlakMhageo, of a 
. daggbttr.. . . .' ! '^Ir : -■ 
OcTdiiB(Ru^T%e . kidy. of .lieui.»«ol. 

M'Greigor, iof a dattgiiier. ^ 

NovB'VBEif.-^Tbe. tady of £d%^rd 
'^ Lio^^ CM. cif aioou Jo fonWil- 
" U4 i^ lad^xtf lieu&; James Sdott, 
^ !of4i0D/:M^/:AarthW, M»son. The 
•: lady k)f JobipfWail LaiSKiu^ of a«on. 

At Dinagepon^^ thaihi^ of Aq^rt 
. Gdhan^vBi^ .1 ^of I a' ton . . < : Mis. ; D. 
'' ^Mobn,. ef'a'daa^hten At frinde of 

Wak!s*s IdaodiTbidaib^of >-^ Dick- 
. '' eis/dvr^ k£ a sooii Salac pbce, ; the 
! l^f^of janw^G^neg^ e^.of ^ dU^h- 
;^'ter. 'A^Bombiy, tfadd^rjof cabbin 
''3\iokert. of a ^U^difaer* 1 < ' Same pliicc, 
't ibtrladf^BcftijaAin Pfailito, cs^ of 

a^dtt^ien MAt Madrai» «he ki^r of 

^0 caixiin-rfi. , 8i Bsti^shawr of a. soft. 

v'&mB jpiao^ the bSyoflGdb^t^ liys, 

i'tto.orft^aogln^r*. lAti-Ctiioviirinahce, 

-n:^My<^f J&chibaidiCockbum^ «sq. 

v<f:*riinA 'AtTiDhootv:<IadySeton,r of 

> ^asc^ TiM(WlVcif!J^eBCb<irin;tsq. 

Fof.3:«ia^irtec^ llieUidi'iif JTicut; W. 

^- Jp. Hainikiiii^..ofr'«f jc&ughteu '1 At 

nTBhat^Hhore, thp Iddnof la^tak WiU 

1toft,dMw&ia. Mts,WtM^tDn,siizJbn. 

•lyhBlTddyrofifiaBb Wo :^*;>G,afom<i of 

"^"i i:')i\ ic ,.'.;{L-jJ jdoI_ .j'j&o 1^ 



a'4wRhtcr.^ Mrs. Goop^ of a ^y^lupr. 

Mrs. Fleming, of a daugbt^. 

December. —-At Vellorc^ibc tio!!. 
Mrs. Longan, of a son. The lady of 
John Chinery, esq. of a daughter. 
Mn. Blyth, of a daughter. The hon. 

^ Mrs- Melville Leslie, of a daughter. 

^ At Bombay, the lady of lieut. W m. 
Nesbiit, o! a son. Mrs. R. B. Lloyd, 
of a fon. . The lady oflR. Williams, 

' . ci^* dt a chughier. Mr&. Marshall, 
of a son. The lady of captain Joseph 
Hodges, of a daugnier. At Momen- 
sing, the lady of S. G. Evans, of a 
son. At Burdwan, the lady of captain 
JL^aihart, of a daughter. At Gya, the 
lady of John Patch, esq. of a daughter. 
At'Berhampore, the lady of R. Rocke, 
esq- of a SOD. * ' ' 

Ja 5J L" A K Y .—At St. Tbooie, the lady 
of George Thomson, esq., of a aon* 
At Yanum, the ladyof Robert Fulhr- 
lon, esq. of a dangliter. At Fetstlab- 
gbar, toe bdv of< Xieut. Thoiba^ Hall, 
of a ion. ■ At Madras, due lady of 
Alex. Anstraiher, esq. of a.daUgater. 
At Nagore, the right hon. lady £liz. 
Ricbarraon, of a son. Mts* J. Co* 

. ^ Dyers, of> a daughter. Mrs. Cbaplesy 
of 'B son, .\r \r'!:icca, Mrs. B<jnc, of 
a son* At Barrackpore, Mrs. Foxhill, 
t of a daughter. Mrs. Ferris, of ^sop. 
The lady of F. Iluhler, esq. of a)|^. 
At Boi^leporc, the lady of captain 
O'lia^tcran, of b daughter. Mrs. 
Staik, of a son. Mrs. W. A. Swainc, 
of 'a son. Mrs. A. Lackersteen, of a 

'.' son. Mrs. Casey, ot a son. At Sc- 

• jampore, the lady of O. L. Bic, esq. 

' of. a daughter. Mrs. P. S. Dc Crui, 

- , ofa daiu; liter. Mis.Smlth, ofadaugh- 
.' ter. . Mrs. M. Robertson, of a son. 

AprilJ At Btngal, Mrs. Hutteman, 

. of adau};htcr. Mrs. J. Welch, of a 
sod. -The iadyot 1^. r.-l^ui* of a 

.. . jon. At Bidiurpatam, the lady of ^U* 
cKard Keating^ ^»; of ar daughter. 

; The lacfy. of R. C. Birch, «^- of a 

- fibn. .At SuUanfore io Oadc, dic>lady 

of'iieuL. John Gibbc, dof- andadufBter. 

At ..Beerbhoomv tbd. I^dy of J. T. 



Shakespear, esq. of a.dttgktcf. i *In 

iBu&dlocuitdfr.fthQ lady oft /col. f. £. 

.:'MelKselbWlk.-of a daiigtow'J AC/ihe 

Botanical «Uaidens,ibQ lad)^*o£ W. 

^ Rojiburfth, <«q; qE.actooy.-J'bc lad^ 

• o. ,70*901* Rw^riVColcbjwJk^, ^iit|on. 

J At^1Iiichhft)porKv: thir« Uf|^t flP ai|y(ain 

(.Adjm. BroviaJ ofia oio^it^. tn^i 

f Birinbdvi' ih«»ie'^Y t6ffCi(»iaw.^X7i}<fr^je^ 

t/« Kin^v <^i)■'soD.lvl^Jff^.' WiUibiiV4M(>» a 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL iIeGISTEB, 1804. 



dw|th»eT. At Buxhir, tlicbftyofH. 
L B;>rtiflour, csiti of ji daugJficr. At 
Ch.vjru>ghcc, the lady of CbaflH 
BccTicr, rsq. of a daughter. Mrs. 
M. Rol>trtson, of a daijr^tcr. The 
lady of ihc hon. C. A. Bruce, of a 
ion. At Dacca, the lady of Joim Fen^ 



daH, esq. of d daughter. At Cown* 
pore, th« bdy of ca|>iaiq Rob. £4 fix, 
of a soft. On board the H. C. shij> 
Devayneir, the lady of col. Symc, ^ a 
daughter. At Serampc>re, Mcs.Oide* 
Flouest, of a daughter. At Ainee, the 
lacfy bf Gf\ Read, csq.'df a bOo. 



MARRIAGES. 



May, 1803.— At Bombay, ntajorTha 
Charlton Harris, deputy adjutanir gerKr- 
mi,^ to Miss C. Young. Same place, 
major Quia Brownrigg, of his majes-^ 
Xj\ 75ih regiment, to Maria Bowk'S. 
At BoM^.il, Mr. W. Hooper, to Miss 
Rosnlda Manuel. Same place, Mr. 
Arthur Doticlly, to Mi« Anrhonio 
Maria. Same phce, A. H. Smith, 
esq. to Miss Eliza Curfy. Same place, 
Thpmas Mcik, esq. commander of the 
Tay, to Miss Susanna Jones. Same 
dav, Mr. Simon Will«m Little, to 
Misi EKzabeth Betsy. Same place, 
Mr. James Gould, to Miss Colier. 
At Jaggernaickporam, Bcnj. Hcync, 
esq. to Miss M. £. Topander, daugh- 
%p: of Mr. Topander, of the Dutch 
ftmpany*s service. At Madras, Mr. 
John SykeSi to Miss Eleooora Cach* 
art. At Bombay, Capt. King, to 
Miss Eliza Moisop. 

July.— At Bengal, Charles D'Oylcy, 
esq. civil service, to Miss Marion 
Greer. Same place, Mr. Richard 
Wtlliamson, to Miss Sarah Morley. 
Samepbce, Mr. Evans Ede, 10 Miss 
Barbara Martin. At Mabon, ne^ir 
Luctiow, lieut. Casement, adjutant to 
the 1st b4t. 4tb native reg. to Miss 
Browne, dauehtcr of licut.-col. G. S* 
Brovrae. of this establishmem. Same 
place, Mr. John Ward, to Miss Char- 
Tot le ^•'"7' Same pUce, Richard 
Chichly rbwden, csa. of the civil 
service on this cstSiblisbment, to Mia^ 
Sophia Fleming, Same place, Mr> 
Mieh«e> Keys, to Miss Maty Welder. 
Same place, Mr. Joseph Humbert, to 
MisjMaryGcntah. ^»mc place, J£d- 
v)«rd Palmer, to Miss Elizabctl^ Ro- 
wing.. 

AuGVST— -At Bjmb^y, Ji^riit^. Robert 
H¥mtft'HcWi;li, to Mis^ Louisi Wjd- 
iUogton) -drfygluer, of , major gcaftal 



Waddf ngton, of this f^tabliahtEMOt. At 
Mtidni'H Robert Alexander.csci.of UieV 
hon. company*.N civil' servicic, 'to Ca- 
tharine Maria ' Wi Uiams. Satpc pUciu 
Mr. John Tisbuty, iq Uk%^ A^i fcJ- 
Jing. Sam« placir, Captaia Cramcf* 
of hie majesty's ship Rattiesnakfiv 4P 
Miss Sophia Dodsoo. Ac Mirxapoi^«^ 
Roderick RobertsoD, esq. of Fvtty 
Ghur,to Miss Stevart. Same pl^icc^ 
Mr. John Hqghes, to Miss 3«rah JP1«4 
minj^. At Chdwringer, at the houst 
of Charles l^amber^ ta^. by the rev* 
P. Lrimrick, Alexander VVilsoo, eaq. 
to Miss Macintosh. Same pVce> Mr. 
W. VAnzaate to Mrs, Jana Tea4r9. 
Same place, Mr. John Rrown» to Miq. 
Ann Gai!(ttner. Same placf, hj tht 
rer. Mr. X.imr^k, lieutenant Coli# 
Campbell, of the 4th r^. native, in- 
Cantry, to Miss Lucy Fombelle. Samr 
place. H«utenant Haddon Smithy it 
his majesty's 22d regt. to Misa Sarah 
Ershatr. Abuprab^ by the rev. Dr. 
Stacy, John S^dford. e^i reg ater to 
the court of appeal and circuit tf 
Benares, to MisS Rose Hcmin^. daugti- 
ter of the late George Hcming, ^. 
of Wediagton Hall; in \Varw»ickshir^. 
Same place, . John Johnson^ to Xb^i» 
Amelia Bowers. 
SEi'TEikBEa. — At Bombay, Lac^a 
Mac^uiri^, 86th regt. to Metora. Ufm- 
aa Wilkins, , at pondiclierry* ^ine 
place, Eugene Pernon> Mq. to K^. 
Gany du Rhone. Sftrnd place».Mr' 
John M' Arthur; toMiaa Samh yihait* ' 
Same place, Jolin Coraar^^ efq. ^ 
Miss Pringle. > Same place, M^. Jo- 
hannes, Muckersteet, to Miss ^^ 
Xiee.. At Madras, <^aptain Ja^A^ 
Grant, commaudani Of the 1|0^ 
guard of the goYernor-^fenersil, .;to 
Mis* Julia .Kei>. At Chiccacoli^, U<iC- 
Uaa|it-cofq.ncL John Jam^s Punnd, 

to 



\ 



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MAHfilAGES. 



l7i^ 



«) ml4« Anne Aylolcr. John N*- 
diiOkl Scaly, es^. lo mm nuvy Wair 
Mtt- Mr* Owen Davis^ to Mrr. 
NtoU. At Madras, Thqifta* Da- 
•teW^iesf. tsanuss Johnstone. 

. OCTOBER, 

At the house of Mr- Olh«»d« Mr. Thoh 
mai Jones, of the pilot service, to miss 
Burton. Lately, at AllahaW, Da* 
niel Johnson, esq. surgeon, to miss 
Phipps. At Negapauro, capt. Home, 
of the hrig Tray, to miss Lo<usa 
Ward, dauAter ot the late lieutenant 
colonel Ward, of the honourable 
*6mpaa«y^s servie'e. 

Nflv^ M B E It .—At Bombay, Edtvafd 
Jathes Marinman, of the marine bat- 
talion, to mils £li»beth Bowler, 
tfeughter of the laie William Bowter, 
esq. of the hononrahle company's civil 
lifrvicc. At the same place, by the 
JH. Arnold Burrows, Patrick Ka- 
4oW/ esq. to miss M' Donald, and 
lieateoaBt John Lawrence, of the 
honourable company's Bombay ma- 
fine, to «i» Cieland. At the sanie 
pta^, on lieutfenai^t Marston, of his 
ilf>|csty*s 86th ftgiment, military se- 
cntatf » th* hoootfn^ile the gover- 
nor to miss Sulivan, daughter of sir 
Bertjaniin Sotivan, rocorder of Bum- 
bay. Thomas Hoseason* esq. his 
ttttgesty's naval officer av Madras, to 
lAisa Angelica Cochrane, 

DrcE M B E R . — J^i Bombay, litutenanl 
GeoMjf I^mi^i^ Hughes to miss Sarali 
Aflrr M^Leatf. Mr. Jonathan Evws, 
ftimiss Hannah Gomiilves. Mr. Ed- 
ward Btightmftn, to xxms Mary Joftcs- 
Mr! Chdilcs Murray, to mws Lucy 
fla^ Silw. At the house of John 
LomsSArti, esq. by xHt i^verend Clau- 
diu* Buchannan, ' Nell Benjamin Ed- 
t«o6siohe, esq. secretary to ihe go- 
vcmment in the secret, political, and 
fe^gn dc^rmems, lo miss TrciL 
Wk Hi^ O'Ncil, to nmi AndcT^>n, 
dffl^hter of f^ptarrt And<»fson, late 
df^khts^^ tsial^ishmeflt. Mr. Richard 
di-Xiiwtcy, totniss Jane Fefgtjsson. 

jA*t7A1iT) iHo*.— Al Ma«ulijwt<mi, 
R. Alexander, esq. to mis^ M. A. 
Walson. At Madras, Al • ander 
Cockbuiti, to miss Olvm^iaCamp- 
*H». At Columbo; capr. C- F. 
J*fapcif, Voyaiartilfcryi t» itiis? ChHr* 
*H«c Carff^atu Attht* new CHureh, 
Mrl ©. Te»leyV «t> mwE- Sobbert', 
ftiwyVi^r of fetn^ifril'Snbbcrt. >From 



t|c upper or[)hai! school, at Kidder 
pore houic, inU:^ Murray, ddUghicr (if 
lieutenant James Charles Murray, de- 
ceased, to Mr. John Driver. Mr* 
Joseph Wills, to mi^ Eliiabeih 
Gooding. Mr. William MansficU, 
to miss Joanna da Cruii. Mr. Alc»# 
andcr Pinto, to miss Hammond. Mr- 
Joseph Maddox, to miss Ann Dam- 
^zcn. Mr. Pcicr Spungc, to miss 
Bataiza. Lately, at fialasore, Mr. 
Joseph Shult, to miss de Cosia, niece 
of A. dc Cosia, esq. late Dutch re- 
sident of chat pbcc. At the same 
place, Mr. John Duffev, to miss 
Maria Parcira, daughter of Mr. (io- 
mez Pareira. At Dinapore, W. E. 
Rees, esq. of the honourable Com- 
pany's civil service, to raiss E. M* 
Scacy, dauffhier of the reverend Dr. 
Stac\'. Mr. Thomas CoUings, to 
miss Elizabeth Williams. Mr. Allao 
Bowii, to miss Elenor Murray. 

Aphii.— At Bengal, Mr. Francis 
Meicalf, to miss Dichctt. Mr. Ed^ 
Dykes, maiiner, lo miss^ Catbafinir 
Gomez. Mr. George Moore, to 
miss Elizaberb Clcmeiits. Mr Mh- 
DUel Pereira, to miss Charlotte Bruee. 
At Bulwa Giiaut, near Benares, hy 
the leverend Mr. Jelfriea, Mr. Jollb 
Lane, of Gazepore, ion of Thomaf 
Lane, esq. one of the councii of com- 
merce in Beni^al, and chiel^ of Cos- 
fimbuaar, in 1776, co miss Qiarlone 
Auriol, esq- At Madfas, capta'O 
Boles, of the Madras esiablishinenc, 

J to miss Gee. 

Bbncal. 

May.— Mrr John Mills, to m'M 
Sarah Swtft. Mr. J4»hn Flower, to 
miss Ann Lindsay. By the revmad 
P. Lim^tck, £nogn Suncaa hOkc 
Leod, of the honorable CompcuTy*« 
service, to miss Henrietta Cmhne 
I.estock FrieU. At the i^«w chutdi^ 
by the reverend Paul Limrick, Jamea 
Money, esq. commercial nsidAtt 
at Docea, to miss SinB»l»#ui9a Rsi* 
mus. At Gyah\ by the reverend 
Dr. Stacf , Charles Trow#r, esq* to 
Mrs. PlaydeH. AtNattorcs Wigrim 
Money, esq. of the boitoufablo Oatti- 
p^y^s civil service, to Miisi Atfte 
Campbell. Mr. Thomas M»Coy, 'to 
Miss Mary de Coyta. Mr. Ch»r(e» 
8mith,to Miss Rhetada CnMs. Mr. 
John Fernandez, to -miss M4ria Gri* 
Mttbtirgh. Bf ^k^ r«¥eren4 ^IMt-. 
Limnck, 



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ASIATIC AKI^UAJU JffiGISTEB, 1804. 



"4S!l^»^?3?tf of the i5«j9R* v^S^sw) 



Ret of the laU J6 

'9haw,'^. of Pubna. At Beaarei» 
"tijr tfce reTCrehd Richard JlJfl^ys, D*- 
ytd Mkyrrfeson, esq. anistanc to the 
^coRectory to Mill Sophia^Brooke. M 

Marrauo(un|e, at the H6tu^of Jomci 
'iNriti, enj. CKrittDpher Riwerts, e»q. 

of the civil wnrice, to ^bst^a^tftiiM 

■' lMnt*'vl*iehier Of Shcnrtnan Bir^ 

•^. Laifty. at St. Heltfna, tleoi*- 

- naar Itobiert Stathann, to Mn. "^^loii, 

• »lict df the late' rev. 'Afr Wiftois 
'^tlii^ain on that estabtlshment. 

'Lstehr ^ Puitaubghifr, lieutenant 
^Kenatdr; of the 5tK regiment of 

* ' wrtiTe cavalry, to Misi Don, daugh- 
"ftrdf Ikutenaut TOlonel Don. 



. ^.capt»io 

nis roarjc»iy*s 75th it£tnfteiK» 
Aniia JtloDcrboa» widow of t 
lleutciuiut Jpha B^obt 
rodi, by tie rcvcitn .^ 
rows* Ikutcnaat i^icl^' ^ 
Ibis majesty^s, Z\i.b '^jfim^ql^'. 
brigade^ and lo'rebry to cmp 
iay, torn J s> Robertson, 
ptacct captain ,^asdcn, 

[of (hc^^i^ Janacs' SJbhi,^^, -n« - 

German." At the same ooicc.^py lAc 
reverend' l^cj»oli«| Waqc^ Tfrmrnant 
colonel John BaiKc^^^of thq^jKuQilry, 
to Miks C. Lc Ntctttxdcr. 



DEATHS. 



lkAy«A,i8o3#^AiKbdrai, lieui. A* C. 

. ..,HawtOA« qC the lid bati«^iar>4£ the 
^ loth fliciaHai'oC native iomiy. Ac 

t. ^dm sw}c pl«oe* lieuAcintu H. K Bar- 
Ber» oi the ftd battalion of ohc sd it^- 
ncm of QKtve in&mry. At Co- 
lombo, cipi. £dm«i Bullock, of his 
jBa|eaty*9 o^th rcginieut. At dittp, 

;'' ntd^dr IJtividBlai^ of ihc honoiuabk 

*• ' £^ IfMiia ComDany«s service. At 
Che same place, k^ BouHie, esq. 1st 

'\ asMtabt tb the agent of Rever^ue and 

•' ' Cotktmcrte. At the same place, Hcu-. 

- tenant Alexander Moore, of his ma-' 

' jttty'i 51st regiment. At' Point de 

' oaUe, in coiucquetice of the Jdngle 

' fever, Mrs. Susannah Wilhelmiaa 

Lorenx. At ibrt Mac Dowall, en- 

sign JohnD. Mxkcs, of his majetty*s 

* ' ttahtf regiipeim. AtMadot]L on Uie 

-^ :Mh i^t thciofent soo of T: Ansty, 
"%*f • At Bclbify, on the yih May, 

^ *' l2fea»ffcittl colonel Ford, ot bis 



6agc'] 

'*-*UiS^r» 0*' bis majesty*! 7^ rcffinacpi. 

^- At Ondi: captain 'Paul CarfiDgion. 

i^^incdba^, ^et^lenah^ H(Mc, of 

bit maiesiy'i raalay rnpment. At 

BossbayT^tAie^kiJr George Ww- 

— ' ' l um iYm iijih'SC'' 

.^^Cmmbou, 

i^Wittawtf, ol 

^^^MFUikwiih 




' li^tning^ and .insianimeoiii^^ <i- 
. pircd. At (^ sai^ p]abe,^cac«M A. 
Pattori, of the baioiJfvblte yiij^wJy's 
'ahi^ Oaart^ of a^fi| «f apo^c^y.., 

joitz. 

On fhe «d ifasfaat. Mr%.^5i<*lt Au»- 
^e r, the wife of captahflf*R. "Atii^er, 

' the fbip*flhrewiburf. 1-aSi^ *cci- 
dcata%\LrotinieJ, Ueut«iuit|t Wcliard 
Porter, or the iS battttioiiof i9ttiv« 
iittiintry. Qa the 6U1' UkMht, Mr. 
James Cbomfos, master on 't&e pilot 
establfshmeot. On the IM the in- 
fant s<^ of the rev.Dr. Br«Wa. On 
' the 9^ iiutant, B; M*Cnfioin/ea^ 
" On the 9l9t inttSnt, Mc^P. 0. TBkai- 
ihaw On tfae <20th instaft^ l£i1li^t 
dangbt^r of Mr. T. Wat»^. '^^ the 
' l^fb instant, at Dinapore, tl^fr Jn^t 
dati^t*r of the revrtiwd Tlr'.'wacy, 
On the 2^ ifikant, tifiter^a devere 

^ pahifut, atut lingering iHseis, Mrs. 

' Ami Craiglitoa. At ^Sifi^ Mr. 
Thomas Jolly. , At Cbinfi^^piSty Cajp- 
laM de Borde^ 'of Ms oaaieMy ^ ^^riss 
regiment d^ Mearoa: AtCbtOabo, 
M. P. Ibs^, ^gv'l «t i^cars. " At 
Candy, Ltei^^t fi^t&A Gettft, of 
the. Madtai artillery, cominlifiunr of 
ordnance and tmlitary stores aT *rriii- 
cdtnalee. At Hyah Coftab, heute- 
nant Toba George, of the 1st batt»- 

Uon 



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DEATHS. 



i77 



,- Vm 18& rigancot of nau've'in. 

' Jpft^, Beanvoir Dobrtie, esq. secre- 

arj to the coxnmistioner extraordi- 

^j^fr of the prince of the seven 

Wm, At Jafmmalekporam, Mrs. 

, Aaiti Ibria Oert^ffa Rock Doy- 

^ iSfdt, vrife of JMrecfkt Coraeiiut 

' Ytf^uullr, etq[.'iU Bombay, sirTho- 

im H^Dry Cope, SdliattaKon, lOth 

TigfayBOiX. Madras native infiantrv. 

lieutenant Robertson, Kit ma]etty\ 

icQt^ brigade. N. Griffiths, surpeoo 

ortiisin^^stv's sh|p Arrogant. Major 

Keimeuof the A{a4ras euabltshment. 

At Ciucuty lieute^iant I. K. Garden, 

of the Slj regiment native Infantry. 

At Surat, the infant ton of ioun 

Thorpe, ei^ 

JULT. 

iatfly Ik Bsrnivongy Bcmeaaot colo- 
nel Hercules Skonier^of the 19th na- 
tive regiment. Mr. John MaHtef, 
derk to W^*, Jackton, esq. Captain 
Msii lAgnadt of a respectable 
?r«ack MHtyy native of 9t. Male, 
wmdH regHrted by iKcvie who had 
ftrpleasafeof httac^aiatance, Qn 
hoar} the StitUftg Cutle, at ieji, Mr. 
P. H. Ormiby, miuiy years an eia* 
luaer in the «lilltary department. 
TheiafiHtt dMighterol nia|or ltieh> 
ardson. Mrs. Celltns. Capwi James 
Reddy, canusander of the ship 
Britaniia, Thonas Keeoe, esq. 
aged 4$, rergretied by sll whe had the 
pteaswe of his acquaintance. Uen* 
leiiaet Thomas RusseU White, of the 
6(h aative ca^ry, aa eftcer sin- 
cereh lomeetedhy aU who kn^w h'un. 
At Ghtas«raht Mr. Chiles l^ewis 

' ,TogtL My. Caoiftb^, lete a cvstom- 
MaeoAcer. Mr. D. X>*Crua»aged 
«%hty yciu«. At Oooty, Mr. Robert 
Mmu conductor of ordnance. Mr. 

. Ifewe, surgeon of the ship Countess 
of Sutherland, ^^k. Htinfj Harrison, 
m vff c ct oC the fountry sarvice. 
fin Cmp^ neu Amcdfuigiir, Captain 
J. & m^mth of his m2^j^*s 7tfth 
iipt^0l to the inesatnubltt cha- 
Mwr 9( a Tm ^/dirt ineproach- 

« fiUy s99toinisd during .an active ser- 

. vke ol (hirryyears> Captain J^wn 
;idd^ Vtftues in Ms private Kfe, vdiich 
tndearfd Mm to his iriends,^ and pro- 
9ortd him the respect and esMwi of 
afl whq had the. ha^ i p ^ w s ef knoosriag 
him. 



I£s lo^ has left a chasm in theM^iec^r 

. of his Inends that will not be aasiiy 
^Hed up ; and the ;r^oIlectioa of him . 
can never fall to excite in Uieir 
breasts a sigh of regret to his ho- 
noured memory. 

Bengal, Henry John DarreH, esq.,Q^ch 

. reigretted* At Madras, Mr. J. R. 

Shttttleworth, assistant sm^gaon. At 

' Nagaptam, Mr. Francis Hyghes 
Ward, son of the late lieutenant co- 
lonel Ward. At Nellore, Caotain 
Sutton Tayfor, of the 2d battalion, 
16th regiment of luuive infai^ry. 
In camp, near Pollaveram, lieutenant 
lliomas Marke» of the 2d bauaHon 
8th regiment of native infantry. 
At Candy, lieutenant and' adjutant 
Henderson, of his majesty's maby 
regnnent. M fort Victoria, the lady 
of captain Michael Kennedy. At a 
post on the b ep ki of Kistnah, lieuie- 
nant John mtbf of the 1st betta. 
lion 9d regbncnt of native iafimtry. 
On their passage to Siirope, Joshua 
KItsoa, esq. fat» of T W iquiba r, iU 
liAy and ddkl. M M^ hoose on 
Chooltry pbcin, sirPMd JeddrA, late 
physician to his higimess the naboh 
of Aitot. 

ilV0tfBT. 

At Surat, the infant son of Jonathan 
Thorpe, e»q. At Bombay, lieutenant 
Hay, of' hi& majesty's 78th regiment. 
At Agra* J> W. Hessing, late gover- 
nor of che^^bn of Agra. At camp, 
near Achmednugger, captain Jl H. 

, Brown, of his majesty's 78th regi- 
ment. Lately, to the northward, 
capiaiQ WiUum Sempl^ of his ma- 
jesty's 86th regiment, sincerely re- 
gretted. On U)aid the Teroate, at 
sea, on the 2d instant, lieutenant 
Armstrong, of t1te European jegi- 
^ent. Charles Henry P»Imec,B»- 
gal artiUory. Bnsign William Keath, 
i:itth native ragiment. At SooJtsau* 
gur, the rev. J. P. FaneOi, D.D. M 



Patna, J. Wt. Playdclt psq. 
merchant. At Mii:rappre» fd, W, 
WiUncka. At Buxar,JM&s.SlalM. 



sfrrtjfnut 

Mrr B.Ktoatt,i^«0 

' '^Itftihtbald >iMiiimi 
mm^Mc of the UHdNrf 
.iML Ct PMthi^i mi 
chttxth, aged 51. 



1M;M 



The 



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ASIATIC ANKXJAL REGISTER, 1804. 



ikt chp» Mr.-. Otikck$ Brix, acting 
, derk to the hoQcnirable .sir JoKo 
' ^qf^Bt atid twniUiit to T. Ra^, 
*.'!p5. Mrs. Johnson. Mr. Roquiere, 
j^Mr. fdward Palmer. Mr. Hugh 
^l^'jM*Carthy, carpenter of ia American 
'j^'sHip;^ At Maiaccay alter three days 
L T*?^y5" at Eca, on board tHc Upton 
.j.^j^A^^VcVtlw lady of cajptain Pavin, 

.^.commander of that slup. Mis? H. 
*j*^cott, much regretted. Mrs, Mandy, 
• *Svif« ot Mandy of the Ksivy Tavern. 
']'l*lai|yMoo!sheddbad, Tames Wilison, 

V*^. surgeon to that station.. 



Vifi^ at . VcUorc, the rev. C. W. Gcr- 

. iiclu«.iiuiny years a missionary us this 

^..quarter, of the .globe, wcU known 

.and well bdoved hy an immense con- 

c^uxae of .nuivea^B^ On board, the 

. . . J(tfauida» . ;captain Mtan, at Mreighing 

...anchor from Malacca, for Madras, 

..-LieuteDant Johin Taggart, of, the 

i JJadiai £yropiBan regtjftieut. At in- 

.. BBOoadali, afitec a few days.iUness, 

tkeindy of captain Thomas Vanghan. 

. Oa board the ship Marquis Wet- 

. Jeshey, Roberf Williams, esq. junior 

<06uficil to the honorable Company, 

m the supreme court of judicatarci 

.At Madras* l^cly, Mr. Len)on, 

third officer of the marquis Wel- 

• *- tesley. Latelv, at Kedjaree, Mr. H. 

■8. Tilfer, chief oflkcr of the ship 

' *> Britannia. In camp near Hydirabad, 

qaptain John Spencer Blofeld, of the 

t^d battalion 5th rej^iment of native 

i :; • -^ I -lahyonthe 

^^^ji^aud of h'aUette, Pcrelnuminia, ca- 

,^^uchia friar of considerable noto- 

,jfiety.at that presidency, and in many 

'.Vpther parts of hidia. He veas par- 

'jj^^cuTarly well known to the Madras 

^^jirmy, having accompanied lord Corn- 

.j^j jijallis to the walls of Seringapatani, 

■ Vj^/n the glorious campaign of 179*i. 

' #,.[ At feombiy, Mr. Jameston Kerr, ma- 

.(* .tf^rvcr. At IVLilacca* Anthony Ba- 

.^iiDmjr-, esq. surgeon of the 15th regi- 

' Ku:i.t v;f^ ^1'.' - 'nf-niry. Captain 

,1 3fggs,' coxnpiander of the Henry : he 

. tI^II ^yer hoard,, on the passage to 

J 5^^cca> on the 2Btri May, and was 

^. .jVMjfcfRrtui^ely dtt>wj^ed. Mr. Wil- 

, 1 I ij^d^mpton #f ft^ a long and pai nfu I 

. .4il|nes9fj ^At; Tiinconiale, lieuteOant 

colonel Dunbar. • James Huntcr» of 



hh m^esty^ 19th re|Jhnent of faot, 
andcomrnandant of fort Ostedbsrvb. 
At Bombay, Mr, JuliUfc St. /1>^, 
a'writer on tht ettablifhmcAt of &is 
if! and. Richard Morris etq. Ian of 
Chitt*j?;ongi At Tcteiah, . of the 
vround br received at' the fall of that 
fort) colonel Jdin Gtitfarie, of the 
19th regiment of native infantry ;. an 
OtceUeAf officer, a worthy mao,^ and 
warm friend. Iti fiufi4«lc\md^ /Ba{>- 
tain Farley SnalUh, of tiie 19tH.v^ 
m<nt of -native infantt-y. At .cqmp, 
near Jdna, lieutenant Tate, of ^his 
ma)cjtv's Scotch brigade^ Mr. Alci- 
anrier Taylor. aged>dyear«: A^' P. 
Johnstone, esq. head assistaut to^thc 
secretary, and Bengal and Persian 
translator to the board of revenue. 
Lately, at Berhampore, R. W. P^- 
le, e$a. of the civil service, on thtt^^la(< 
ublishuent On his passage' fxbm 
Madras to this place* on board the 
ship Mary, John Haldane, ^q. Mr. 
John Peire, ♦herifTs officer. *Mr. A. 
P'Couto. Mcs. S. Jenncfl. Mr. 
John My0in, an old inhabitant of 
Calcutta, aged 7^. Miss Mary dat- 
tie. In camp at Assay<» of Ihe wptind 
he receiv^ in the a^on of thet^ 
of S^temberr captaifi William Mac 
Gregor, of the 7tn regiment of na- 
tive cavalry : his meiitl as an officer 
are too 'well kno\yn tio lequife thb tes- 
timony of an ohiituary^ fi^Uxrd^ And 
the memorv of his prWvt^ virt]()es, 
will live deeply Engraven on .the 
hearts of his surviving friends. ' At 
the abgve place, lieutenant ^^ac 
M'^do^ apd ensi^ Kearnan, of bis 
majesty's 74th regiment, in eiiS:^se* 
quence of their wounds, recciv^ at 
the battle of Assave: both the»e gen- 
tlemen were highly esteemed in the 
regiment to which 'they were at- 
tached, and witre an oroaUiei^ to 
their profession. At the Gcnandifos- 
t>i>ial, at this Presidency, JohnCatfnp- 
oell, ^. iiiBMane sorgton on iliis 
' ettabtttihmtmt; At KistaengnigMhc 
'lady of . lieuttAftnt H. Gviffiiik. - In 
ttie action between dafiahqy.iiiider 
the thmniand of tm> excettehcyr ige- 
n^rarf.ake« and the Maft^ttatf^ce 
neiO" C<wsawly,niajor. general Charles 
Ware^ cqnimanding the right wing of 
tW^ritish amy : tbi* tespeotabiltof- 
ilce¥ oetx^pii tiie hononrable Comq^y 
i^eat* forty yeaH, with grea£ credit to 
^hitliself atid satiftfaction.M Jbb. em- 



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•79 



Motfff. At tn* liftasf t>^ 'ca^itkiR 
Bvias, i^ Ganjam, of a, ^ertfr. Miss 
Odwe Dorhiff. ^ afiectiotlate^ at- 
' tt6dMe€0tt tm ijtrgn^ Ytdy, 'Mrs. 
"Ewinldnlbrtttiilit^eaaifht the Uu\ 
' taMdj which fdt a period to her 
' tSc^«nce. At Oanjtm, the Ischr uf 

' /cilii'Cjmn][)btn, vsq. ftstiRsnt surgeon 

' of fh{| estflbMshracKt.' Mn, Mary 
Arthur, wife of Mr. ATtbilr, of the 
iifew» Citdilii a««*ttn)r. At Choft4r < 

^ ClVur, the ftf<fy of tfapti^n lames 
Phmier. In ^eump^ near Hydrabad, 
cinptyn M. Seohey. At Madras, 

'' Avs. Klai^ret Stuart, and her infant 

• dAgbtcr. 

HOTEMBER. 

Mrs. Tenet. At seajicut. col. Jonathan 
!,Scot At Scramporc, captain Jolly, 
•Cstptain George Romaine, At Snu- 
ffer, Mr. J.Hodges. At Trincomallie, 
lieutenant colonel Hunter. IVlrs. 
Sfpandro. Captain William f^cmp'e. 
At sea, lieutenant Armstrong, of tiie 
^European regiment. At Aurunga- 
bad, cornet Patrick Mat hew. At Ma- 
dras, Mr. Richard sparrow. Mrs. 
Campbell, the , lady of Alexander 
Campbell, es<|. . Mr. George Salt- 
welL At Pamiera, Mr. HoUings- 
^ worth, assistant surveyor of his 
|V 61st re^Inicnt. Captain 
Wright. At Bassore, captain 
l.Shephcrdson, of the Diamond , 
. At^mhay, B. R. Les»^ingfiam, esq. 
Captain James Read- M. H. Scott. 
,. ;At Trichnipoly, assistant surgeon 
Thomas Stephens. , At Point dc 
. Calle, ensign James Gr^nt, of his 
iba^ty*s malay regiment. 

. , .* DECEMBER. 

Bied.aoddeoly, Mr, O^org^ Evaps, a 

ptiaiiiiDier, Captatu Adam Glegg. 

At Sexlatbpore/ John ijchiUFeUitaky. 

Captain Robert Stair Graham. Mr. 

Chaclct Swaris. JLieutenaot Hyde, 
'* of dM 7th regfimentof seiipoya. Mr. 
'IBfaiHp fiuttiaz« iate chiief • olHcer of 

:tbr iuMi. Comf>any ^ ahip Hugh In- 
*- jHa. i^. John Risbcrg. Mr, J«hn 
"H.* . Owinu ey, Mrs. Elvira Ursula 

* ISottoQ. Mr. William Spencer. At 
BafsJore, Major Parr, Mr. :Robert 

'^Mnta Wa|^. In catkp,Ueiilcnant 
"* Jdm 'JDhiBtoney In camp, in Cut- 

todc^ Mr. assistant' lurf^eoa Heury 

Pamfpcr. 



TAWrnkr, ■ ,- y ^ 

■At Beri^, C^iptain- ftbhi- '' Al'fert 

• William, the lady of James Gray, 

• esq*. Martin Collin Davidson. .The 
hon, heutenant Montforiiery. ,At 
Chin^, Manuel de Scrura, esq. Mal- 
chen Leilie, esq. Mr. Wiliiaiti J. 
Aruofd. At I'Utty-Ghiir, colonel 
John PoWelJ. 'lUe' infant daughter 
of captain HaslewooJ. At Surat, 

^ captain J Wright. At Bas?ora, capt. 
Robert .Sheplierdson At Madras, 
t^e infant daughter of Mf. Blyth. 
At Coring*. A. Mein,esq. At ViZ3- 
gaparam, major John Hi int. Lieutc- 
tenant Francis Beaghan. At Parni- 
era, M. HoUings. At Senngspni- 

' tarn, lieutenant colonel SimoQ Dal- 
rytnple. LiMitenanc Fretllier. Miss 
Maria Batbiirst, aged Hw Mre. 
Mary Dunn. At fiencnolen^ Cap- 
tain Henry Douglas. Captain Sonfuel 

' Buder. Mr. George Murridge, 
late a peouoner in the marine ser- 
vice. At Boggah, Mr. Henry «Mac 
Cleish« At Dimporet lieutenant 
Bdward Hardwicke. In camp, cap- 
tain Smithy of the Bengal cavAky. 
Mrs. Charlotte Gartie, aged ^9, At 
Bankipore, the infant son of John 

• i^Mchal Larkins, esq. At Trichni- 
poly, captain -Riciuu-d Barker, Mrs. 
Rawlins, wife of John Rawlbtt, esq. 
secikid jud|«e ctf the courts of appeal 
and circuit in that district. Mr. 
Thomas Duckworth, examiner ia the 
secret department. 



Captain William Mackay. ' Mr. John 
Fitzgerald, late of the country ser- 
vice. Mr. John Connell. Mr. Alex, 
ander Taylor, miniature painter, 
aged 54. At Sultanpore, in Oude, 
major ger, ' ^' hard Lucas^ most 
sincerely regretted.' At Fntty*Gftur, 
by a fall from bis hgrse ih^ (Jay''be- 
f(»re, lieutenatit J. f,.Liy*sayi'or'the 
'2*Jd native regiment. Master Tho- 
mas Manley. In the p^nie- df life, 
Peter De!asn,est2,. Mr. Dinfcl Mur- 
ray, a-cd 12. At Se^^, li'^h^ 
cnnquercd districts^ ma^bt ' J6h^ 
Bovie Brownrigg. Nft*. '^iM^ara 
Siiouldham, of the martntf' p'aiAoi 

; establii^hment, aped C0.» MK'J()hri 
Tout. Mr. Joisepli Clfiuj-c|i', d^ 'liil 
pai*tlage'ioCa!cbtta. * •" 

MAt. 



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IM 



ASIATIC ANfiR7AL IBGISTEB, 18M. 



JtAT. 

^tht Uidy of cip uJii finmhuBf of Ut 

pbrev &«BtK «»«. taiit chief «Aaiir 
of ne faonoonue CMnpsnyS Mp 

. £mrl fencer. Mr. Pr im rotc Elder. 
At Ghazeepore, Mr. Geo. Mimr. 
At Ba!ambafig«ny m the Sltt year of 
hitJigc, lieutenant JohnSntcoiir Jit 

. Ganiam, Liemenam Ketmedy. At 
Madras, lames Alardice, e»|. On 
the puiage from Chma, captain Jaaies* 
Gillmer, of the ahip Shiii Adeleer.- 
Mr. Gri£thi| midshipman.. At 



J anii n. Si Smt l» diDgptff 
of hit nccOeney ItentciMuit gcsenl 
Smart. At N^apst«iB» cokodRo- 
bcrt Croker. At BafMcl% lieiKe- 
oftnt I. Cr&d}. AxS^iAlSm. 
tenant J. Armstrong. At Atl^inccc, 
Mi^r Arthur Mc GaUy • Much le- 
gretted, Mr. Joseph lnom« Sfen. 



At BindiguT, Mr. John 
^Hinductor ^f storct, At Pidicat, la- 
cob Eilmchty ca^ At TriacoiBak, 
Mrs. £. Marshal]. At Colombo, lira- 
tenant. Kjchud Riddk. At Vetlorr, 
James M'llo1)cit, esq. 



svpFLZM^yr 



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:SUFPL^£^T 'to THE CHRONICLE 



.V . '-^ 



ia^rtV^ OF SOLYMAN AGA. 



CAIX^UTTA. 

Saturday, Matf 5, 18ai. 

The Upton Castle, having on 
board Solyman Aga, envoy from 
his highness the Pacha of Bagdad, 
to his excellency the most noble 
the governor-general, arrived at 
Garden Reach about twelve o'clock, 
on Saturday, the 28th April. 

At three o'clock in the afternoon, 
the envoy was waited upon by 
captain White, aid-de-camp to the 
governor-general, and W. B. Bay- 
\sj, esq. assistant to die Persian 
secretary to government, appointed 
by the governor-general to compli- 
meot the envoy on his arrival. 

The envoy expressed his high 
sense of the attention which the 
governor-general had been pleased 
to manifest towards him, and of 
the general ,kindpess and .respect 
whi<i he had experienced smce 
his arrival within the limits of the 
British possessions in India. 

The envoy proceeded to the 
govemor-general*s state boats, 
which had been appointed to con- 
duct him to Calcutta. The go- 
vemor-geoeraVs band attended, 
and pkyed martial airs during 
the envoy's progress from the 
U^h Castle to Calcutta. 

On passing Garden Reach, the 
ent(^ was saluted, by one of the 
honourable company's gun-vessels, 
Mith fifteen guns, and received 



another salute of fifteen guns as he 
passed Fort William. 

The gun-vessel and the gover- 
nor-general's yacht (the Soona- 
mookee) were decorated, on this 
occasion, with the flags of diiferent 
nations. 

The envoy was received, on land- 
ing at Chaundpaul Ghaut, by the 
governor-general's staff, by whom 
he was conducted to a house pre- 
pared for his reception. 

At four o'clock in the afternoon, 
Mr. Edmonstone, secretary to go- 
vernment in the political, foreign, 
and secret department, waited on 
tlie envoy, to offer him the con- 
gratulations of the governor-gen- 
eral, and to assure him of meeting 
from the governor-general, during 
his residence in this settlement, 
every mark of respect and attention. 

Calcutta, Mjy 281 h, 1804. 

On Monday, the 2 1st instant, 
Solyman Aga, envoy ftom his 
highness the Pacha of Bagdad, at- 
tended by Mr. Smith, his Meh- 
mandar, and by lieutenant Stuart, 
commanding his escort, paid his 
first visit of ceremony to his excel- 
lency the noost noble the governor- 
general. 

At half-past eight o'clock in ^e^ 
morning, captain Armstrong, mili- 
tary secretary to the govemor-gene- 
eral, captain White, aid-de-camp« 
captain Johnstone;, fcjt adjutant, 
a tnd 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTEB, 1604- 



and W. B. Bayley, esq. assistant 
to the Persian secretary to tlie go- 
vernment, proceeded in oncot the 
gpvernor-generars carriages, toge- 
ther with a squadron ot* the guver- 
nor-general's body-guard, under 
the command of captain Doveton, 
to the house of the envoy, for tlie * 
purpose of conducting him to tlie 
l^overnment house. * 

The govenior-generars honorar}' 
guard was drawn up to the north- 
ward, and sahited the envoy on his 
arrival at tlic go.vernment house. 
The band of the governor-general 
was also paraded in the north Por- 
tico, and played martial airs as 
soon as the envoy reached the go- 
vernment house. 

A oliair. of slate was placed in 
the south room of the upper tloor, 
for the governor-general j his ex- 
cellency was accompanied by the 
hon. tlie chief justice, thehon. SirH. 
Ru.ssel, and the members of the 
supreme council, wno snt with his 
excellency to receive the envoy. 
A seat V as al*^o prepared for the 
eruoy. Major-general Cameroii, 
^ith the slaft* of the garrison of 
Furt William, major-gen. Dowdes- 
vvell, and colonel Collins, reii- 
dent at the court of Lucnow, also 
attended and sat near his excel- 
\cnry. 

Thp en; oy entered thiough tlie 
north- east gate w ay^and was received. 



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on his arrival at the government 
house, by Mr. Edmonstone, secre- 
tary to government in the secret, 
political, and foreign departments, 
and \^ captain Bristow, aid-de- 
canip/ Th» gwernor-general hav- 
ing take •! his seat, the envoy was 
' immodialely conducted to his ex- 
cellency, and after the usual com- 
pliments, presented to tlie governor- 
general the letter to his excellency's 
address, from his highness .the 
Pacha of Bagdad. ' ' 

Tlie secretary to gd^ernmctit, liv 
desire of the governor-geherio, 
then introduced the envoy io -Sir 
John Ansiruther, Sir ;H. Rus^, 
Sir G. Barlow, Mr. tJchiy, nyj^ot- 
generals Cameron and !D(J\vdesweH, 
and to colonel Collins. 

Soon after, cofiete was JfrSeiited 
to the envoy, who took' his I^ve, 
and was conducted back to his House 
"with the same ceremonies as hM 
been observed in his receptibn. ' 

Salutes of fifteen guns were 
fired from Fort Willian), as Ae 
envoy entered and quhted ' tie 
^overiuiient house. 

Solyman Aga was highly ghitl- 
fied with his reccpiidn ; ana onliis 
retiirn to his house, expressed "to 
the gentlemen appointed to ^ead 
hiriV, the lively sense which hfrep- 
terlained of the honours wbicfibad 
been manifested towards ban'. 






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BOMBAY LAW REPORT FOR JULty 1^. 



LAW INTELLIGENCE, 



jUJi.Y21, 1804. 



The quarterly session of oyer and 
ternuoec and gaol delivery coni- 
Qienced on Saturday last, before sir 
J&uiierMaclcintash, knight, recor- 
djcr, apibis as.sociate3. Slmon Hal- 
Ifday and Pao-ick Hadow, esquires, 
aldermen^ wnen the recorder made 
Ae following, eloqueut cl^arge to 
tb« grand jury, 

Cknllen^enqftke grand jvry, 
, The most common and the most 
necessary duty of a judge jn. ad- 
dressing a grand jury, may, on 
tlm occa^iion, be very easily and 
abortly performed, .The calendar 
which 1 hold in niy, hand, con- 
tains no charge of any cripoe with 
respect to which you can need any 
fcpl instructiQa irom me. There 
js^indc^d one case of the deepest 
&ab^, hut not likely to present any 
i^ difficu^tie? to your minds, 
Yon periecUy know, that wherever 
liereos, intentional kiUirig without 
any of those circumstances whfch 
the law allows either to justify or 
to mitigate soch an act, there, tlie 
crime of murder is complete. 

The legal difficult}' of such cases, 
therefore, generally arises in tlie 
enquiry whedier any of those cir- 
carastances are present, which 
cither justify the act altogether, or 
at least reduce it to a much lower 
degree of guilt, and I am not 
ra*'^ that any such enquiry will 
now be necessary. 

But there is another ofTencCi of 
which indeed I see no example in 



the calendar, that is likely to be 
prevalent in a port of such exten- 
sive trade as Bombay, and, as I 
am informed, has on former occa- 
sions, prevailed to a most alarming 
extent, rendered still more alarm- 
ing by the doubts which were 
entertained, whether it were legally 
punishable. I mean the crime of 
attempting to set fire to ships, 
where the attempt has been unsuc- 
cessful, where.it has been defeated 
either by fortunate accident, or 
by the timely interposition of the 
well disposed. In an offence so 
atrocious anid dangerous, so ma- 
lignant in its own nature, and so 
extensively mischievous, in all its 
direct and indirect consequences^ I 
deem it my duty to pat an end to 
these doubts, and to make die law 
on this subject publicly known. 

By the stat. 33 G. m, chap. 6?. 
sec. 3. (made perpetual by 41 G.IIL 
chap. 1 9) " any person or persons, 
** who shall wilfully and raalici- 
" ously bum or setjire to any ship, 
" keel, or any vessel — ^shall be 
" adjudged guilty of felony, with- 
** out benefit of clergy." Now 
the words set fire to have not yet 
received any construction from a 
determination of the judges. But 
the same words in the description 
of the very similar offence of Arson, 
(die burning of houses) have been 
repeatedly determined by all tlie 
judges of England, to be applicable 
tQ every case, where any pait, 
* a 2 however 



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'' ASIATIC ANNUAL REGlSttR, 1804. 



V.)f 
7) 



l^ovvever small,' of the house was 
actually burnt. — In the same man- 
ner, I now inform you, tliat where- 
evcr- any part, however small, of 
tlie ship is actually burnt, the ' 
capital felony of " setting Jire to a 
skip" is cgmplete. And even if 
the incendiaries be stopt before the 
actual consumption ot any part of 
the \essel, which is not often pro- 
bable, tlie law is not, in that case, 
without the means of punishment 
for tliose who, as far as depended 
on them, have consummated their 
guilt. For since the case of the 
king agninit Higgins, uhich is 
reported in the second volume of 
Mr, East's Term Rejjorts, and 
wliich I myself heard argued on 
the part of the prisoner, with ex- 
traordinary ability, by my most in- 
genious friend Mr. Scarlett, it can 
110 longer be doubted, that every 
attempt to commit a felony is a 
misdemeanour. Now r.s the burn- 
ing a ship is made a felony by the 
statutes which, I have quoted, it 
necessarily follows, that every at- 
tempt to bum a ship is by the law 
of England, indictable as a misde- 
meanour. 

And here, gentlemen, I might 
close my address. But on tills hrst 
occasion of speaking to you, I 
cannot forbear from making some 
observations on other subjects, 
'which, though not immediately con- 
nected with any single law, or any 
single crime, are ncv<5rtheless of 
the utmost importance to the ge- 
neral administration of justice.. 
English judges have at all times 
spoken to grand juries,, and through 
them to tlie. public, in that tone of 
friepdly, (allow me to say) of pater- 
jTLjsl admonjtiotij which "is cot unbe- 
cgmhrg ib^ judicial character. O^i 
my arrival here, I conceived {t to. 
■fee ItiiyjTrst duty to collect §6me 

'grmation rfbout ilie characte'r and 



morality of the people, the degree 
and kind of vice prevalent in the 
little community entrusted to'itiy 
care. And just as a physician 
woiild_, first examine the books of 
an hospital, so J first looked irtto 
the recqrds of this court, w'hfch 
though narrow and liable to some 
exceptions that I shall afterwards 

' mention; have at least th^ advan- 
tage of teing, as far as ihev.fo, 
authentic. . . - : «• 

Since the instkutioti of this 
court in the jear 179a, I ob^hre 
that 64 persons hare h^tti tried for 
various felonies j of whom 3S have 
been convicted, 3J acquitted, ahd 
9 have suffered capital punishment. 
If I were t5 estimate the moJ-afity 
of this community froni our re- 
cords alone, I should not fbfci a 
very unfavourable bpinion of', it. 
For in that nart of tne British do- 
minions in Lurope where, capital 
punisliment is much tlie least fre» 
quent, I mean in Scotland, we 
know, frorn tlie authorfty of Mr. 
flume, profciisor of Is^ at Edm- 
burghj that ou an avei^ge of .thirty 
years,^ six had annually suffejned 
death out of a population whicfi is 
probably '^lot', laTJ frvxn eiglitecD 
hundred-thpusand. If tfuVstdte of 
thipgs tie comparied with the situa- 
tion of^ Bombay, where. there kfive 
been three capital puiiishmi^ts 
every t^o years, out 6£ a pcbola- 
tion of 1 50,000, the ' n^sttJc . is, 
np doubt, coniiiderably i^ih^/this 
island, fiut tjie comparispd^*t)e- 
t\i'^en a large sea-port tpwti, W this 
island may be called, ^nd jih' Jex- 
teiisive couhtnr, is' not\feS.'\* A 

. more' -cquitaWe comp^rispn' .fur- 
nishes a more favourable rtatilt. 
*Xlie sanie author (Mr. ftiirfie).^tells 
us, ' .(iia{ ihQ^ ci^y . Jof tiafn^^b, 
winch wi i^\t^ feort^ and iH&ijjh^ 

'! cannot con^^iji' a 'popuiaBbn i^'uch 
above ltX^i(kk), hd; 61^ aii average 

of 



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BOMBAY lAW REPORT KIR JULY. J804. 



^^pr^e years, fumishrt tliree 

. eiecutiQos evtry two years. I be- 

l.&exe I raay venture to say, without 

. ,any fear of contracj^ction, that it is 

jjorfuoate . »nd hotjourabie. for a 

^jjeopjef to jfiiHl its morality pearly 

.ajifjfoacUiog to that of the inhahi- . 

Irant^of Wiubur^h; . Bull I fear 

WC c^iot. m'd\e so favourj^le an 

. inference froni opr criroinal records. 

Hearqttey ape liot so exact a crite- 

- rion of die prevjatiing moral dis' 

fpsetM as they woujd be in most 

countries, . 

, . iXhe difference of manners ^d Un- 
cage, ^nd perhaps, the hostile preju- 
dices of many of the natives, render 
,4ifticult the detection of crimes, 
.and increase the chances of total 
. cooccalffieat, in a proportion w^h'icli 
we cannot exactly calculate, but 
which we know, to be very great. 
Much of what passes among the 
. Jowe«t^ nalivcs nxust; be involved in 
z darkiies^i impenetrable to the eyes 
pf tt^ mofct vigilant police i after 
J^t exi^ten<;e .of a crim^ is ascer- 
taiped> the same obstacles stand in 
.,,the way of icj^ntifying the criminal, 
and. e\:^n after he is perfecthr 
known, our Ux^al situation, which 
1% that of alarg^ town in a i^mall 
J territory, \% that which^ an experi- 
enced ©Render would select for the 
opportunity of conceajment and 
,.th^ facility pf escape j and such is 
^,, the , unfortunate prevalence of the 
,V crime of p(?rjiir)r^ t^at the hope of 
J Jnjpunity is not extinguished by the 
■"Apprehension of xhe tjelinquent. If 
. ,io this you add the supine aCquies- 
'^cehc^ of many English inhabitants 
, m'^^ peculaUohs of their domestic 
._«eiT^a^tSj( which, from an opinion of 
iws rooted depravity of the 'ftatives, 
..we seefQ to". look upori as if their 
/ykief wpre^ irnmutabfe and iftflexi- 
^^"tfc^'Oke tljle laws of nature, and 
]^r YOi\ 'aid s^sb those Surtimary 
^ cjjipliienienti, ! wjnch are, in ' my 



opinion, ahnost always useless, as 
examples, you will not woitdfer that 
I do, not consider the record^ ti^^e 
criminal court as a measure dT the 
guilt of the community. Inddsd 
the universal testimony of Euro- 
jjeans, however much I may »ti«- 
pect occac;ional and partial ^Hsg' 
geration, is an authority too strorig 
for me to struggle with, and 1 
observe that the accompliBhed and 
justly celebrated person (Sir W. 
Jones) \Vho carried with him tjo 
this country a prejudice in favor ©f 
the natives, which he naturiiUy im- 
bibed in the course of his studies, 
and which in him, thou^ not per- 
fectly rational, was neither una- 
miable nor ungraceful, f observe 
that even he, after long judicial 
experience, reluctantly confesios 
iheir general dqiraviiy. The preva- 
lence of perjury whicli he strongly 
states, and which I have mj'self 
a Irt^ady observed, is perhaps a more 
certain sign of the general dissolnh 
tion of moral principle than ^ther 
more daring and ferocious crimes 
much more horrible to the iroagr- 
nation, and of which the immeaia/6e . 
consei/uencvs are more destfucti^'e 
to society. 

These are questions which ail 
wise men acknowledge to be of in- 
finite difficulty, even when we are 
content with those probable results 
which aie sufficient for mere spe- 
culation. And their difficulty, it 
must be owned, is mightily in- 
creased, when We require that cer»- 
tiinty on ivhlch alone prudence 
could act in ruatters which so nearly 
concern the happiness of muUittides 
of human beifigs. difficult bow*, 
ever as they are, it is a ditficulty 
with which it is, in my hufnble 
opinion, the bounden duty of every 
law-giver and' magistrate (howevw 
humble his station, and hoover 
^weak his means of ilsefWne^s^ or 
* a 3 obscure 



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ASIAHC ANKUAL REGT^reR, 1804. 



. bbscitfie his sphere of action) con- 
: stantly and resolutely to straggle, 
neither depressed by dlsappoiTrt- 
pient, nbr deterred by enmities, 
but considering that die main end 
of lif<? i^ to make some at least of 
-the human nee happier, which is 
most eftectualjy done" by making 
Iheih better ; that noany ineffectual 
attempts must be made in order 
.tliat a feSv should succeed, and 
that if we fail increasing the hap- 
piness and virtae of otlicrs,-the 
fcry attempt will constitute our 
-own happiness, and improve our 
* own virtue. 

", J«or perjury indicates tlie absence 
-of all Uie common restraints i^liich 
witlihold men from crimes. Per- 
jury supposes the absence of all fear 
of human justice, and bids defiance 
to all human laws j it supposes also 
either a contempt for public opi- 
nion, or (what is worse) a stale of 
society in which public opinion has 
ceased to brand with disgiace, ac- 
tions tliat ought to be infamous. 
It is an attack upon religion and 
faw, in the very point of ilieir union 
for the protection of human society. 
it is that crime which tends to se- 
curethe impunity of all other crimes, 
gnd it is the only crime which weak- 
ens the foundation of every right, 
hy rendering the adminisu*ation Of 
justice, on which they all depend, dif- 
ficult, and, in many cases^ Imposible. 
3ut, geritlemen, though it be rea- 
cohabje to examine the character of 
thofie over whom we have autho- 
rity, and to calculate the mischiev- 
ous consequences of crimes; and 
Jthougli it be useful 10 spread an 
abhorrence of these crimes, by just 
representatio^is of their nature and 
ijei?4ency^ it is very Useless, and 
,very/jun reasonable, to iridulgo our- 
B^lyes ip childish anger and' Childish 
invective } wh^n Sye are s|)eaking df 
the moral diseases of great nations. 



the reasonable questtens Hhftyi ir6 
— How have they been prodoced ? 
and how are they to be cured ? 

With these feelings I have not 
siiffered tlie 55hort time which has 
elapsed ^inte I catne to this cotm- 
try, to puis without some medrta- 
tioii on t!hv^ ciuses and core of the 
moral maladres of which I hare 
spoken. ' Mjr fcpeculationfc <r^ at 
present so crude, ah<J my inftHtnii- 
tion so imperfect, that it wouM be 
absurd to communicate mythdtights 
to any one -, when they af^ ttfore 
matured', Imay hayfe the honour rf 
laying some of them before the go- 
vernment, and for such as' Will b6 
best caiTied into etect by the ro- 
iontary exertions of private indi^- 
duals, I shall have the hoDonrof 
imparting them to you. 

1 have this morning, gentlenien, 
examined the prison, and I am 
happy to s^y, that, considering it 
cither as a plaice of detention for 
the ac<^nsed, or for the debtor, or 
a^ a place of ptuiishment for those 
Miho are convicted of crimes, -It ^ 
so constructed as to prevent the 
lo^s of liberty from being aggrii- 
vated by any unnecessary severi- 
ties. The sheriff has, however, 
some reason to complain of fts in- 
security i and I'cannot but lament 
that it is not l>etter adapted for a 
house of correction, especially as 1 
have the strongest repugnance to 
ciipitaf punishment, and as I have 
no high opinion of the efficacy df 
lran«»p(>rtation, either for reforma- 
tk)n or examplp. 

* The deficiencies of a prisonf," as 
an instrament of public policy^ are 
matters to be discussed with cool- 
ness. If I had found any deficien- 
cies on the score of btimanity to- 
wards the priso!iers, t sliodld have 
six)ken to you ip a very diffoeit 
tone. I am persuaded tliat yotnr 
' ' iSeelin^ 



i 



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BOMBAY LAV REPORT FOR JULY, 1804. 



^Mogs wonld bave eotirelj ac- 
corded with mine ; .convinced that 
both as. jurors and as private ^ni- 
ttemcp, you will always consijder 
yourselves as entrusted, in tins. re- 
mote region of the earth,, with the 
honour of that beloved country, 
which, I trust becomes more dear 
to jpu, as I, am sure it does to me, 
4*iring every new momeut of ah- 
8«oce$ that in your intercourse 
mtli each otl^r, . as. well -m with 
rfie natives of India, you will keep 
nos^tted tiae. ancient ciiaraaer of 
^Q British nation, r^jiK^wned in 
wcryage, aod in np age more than 
m the.present, for valour, for jus- 
tice,, &T humanity and generosity ; 
for every virtue which supports, as 
■well as for every talent andr accom- 
plishment which acjorns, huinan 
«x;iety/\ 

The court having adjourned and 
ire-.assembled on Monciay morning, 
i^ikjce, a mnssuUnai;,and Bu,diee, 
awQoaan^wore put to die bar, arul 
^araigued . upon an iiuiictment, 
charging,, thein wltli' tiie wilful 
iDurder. of .Pacbutty, woman, the 
ipcla^cboly^ -detail of which has 
been.ahready ^nnouticed.. in our 
cpurier.pf the 'i^th.of May. After 
along and patient investigation, the 
evidence was summed up, and 
conunented uppn, hy, the Learned 
ju^e,* in a manner .^h^ most pcr- 
5piquQus and impressive, and which 
j^earfy evincetl that the i:\nfgrtunate 
-.|uii)neis, bad in U'nn a vi^ry able 
.^drocate j fbr he ipost strenuously 
urged ever}' point to ti^e conHidtra- 
poii^qi thi; jury.wliich»bore at all 
ii favour of the, ao^sed,. or. which 
/{pqljd tend to alleviate the degree 
ji^. guilt with whicli they, were 
charged. The jury^ having with- 
^W0 ^or a^oy^i an hour, returned 
,w\tl^^k verdict which, ft^und the 
itnahj prisoner, B\id3Q$5? ^^}'^^y» aikl 
ac^uitteil the bian, Sheikjce. In 



consequence however of some sus- 
picion and prevarication in the te/- 
tuuony which had been adduced, 
the woman was recommended to 
the mercy of the court, which was 
accordingly extended tp her, and 
she was sentenced to be transported 
for the term of tburteen years j 
after which tlie court adjourned till 
Tuesday. 

The court having met again on 
Tuesda)', proceeded to ilie trial of '4 
young Kuropean for an assault upon 
a native. The facts were clearly 
proved, and the recorder intbrmed 
the jury, that it was their duty, by 
their verdict, to make known to the 
world, tliat men of every colour and 
race, and nation and religion, in 
India, were, under the British laws^ 
equally protected -, that they equally 
enjoyed the national rights of men, 
and tiie civil privilege of Britisli 
subjects ; that the law was no re- 
specter of persons, but would pro- 
tect witli as strong an arm the 
poorest wretch in tlie most despised 
cast of India, as the proudest peer 
in. the British empire. Tlie jury 
ibuud the defendint guilty, and the 
recorder, in giving judgment, ob- 
served, that though a conviction 
and a judgment were absolutely 
necessary to the character and ho- 
nour of public justic(E?, yet it was a 
case full of alleviating circumstances, 
and in Which there was more to la- 
ment than to blame. For \h\% 
reason, \ve do not mention the 
name of tlie yoUHg gentleman who 
was convicted of the ai>saalt) . "The 
otfeuding party was condemned tp 
pay a fine of 60O mpees, 3Q0 lii^ 
fitantlyj and the remainder in twelve 
months. , . , 

The court intimated an intenti»on 

of suggestltvg . to the lionorable the 

governor in council, >yhelhrf 'it 

-vmight not b^ proper lo bestow ihte 

' >^4^ ',_/; ;1ttti^ 



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ASIAISe i^tfKUAL REGISTER, lB04. il 



fine upoix the native who had aof- 
fered by this almost uaiatentioaal 

injury. 

On the «ame day, t^o prijoncre 
were brought to the. bar, named 
Balloobbve, andNugiiar womou,to 
receive the judgnieat of ihe court, 
having been convicted at the last 
sessions, of a robbery in the house 
of a neighbour. The pj:iiu?iier Bal- 
loobhye was sentenced two years, 
and die prisoner Nuttia pne year'* 
imprisonment in the jail, aiid both 
of them to hard labour during those 
respective periods. 

On Wednesday the court, having 
rc'asscnibled, proceeded on tlic Uiai 
of Kussell, woman, ciuirged with 
ha V i n g been guilty of wilful and cor- 
rupt perjury, while giving evidence 
on the former trial of Sheikjee and 
Buchee, for murder, ina;»much as 
her testimony was totally diliercut 
from that which shejoriginally gave 
before the coroner. I'he accusa- 
tion having been fully proved, the 
jury felt no hesitation in finding 
die prisoner guUty. The judgment 
of the court was accordingly pron 
nounced upon her, in a most correct 
and solemn manner, fully indicat- 
ing the abhorrence whicii was en- 
tertiiined of so flagitious an of- 
fence, and their determination to 
inflict the most exemplary punish* 
ment in all similar cases whicli 
ma) come before them. The sen- 
tence was, that the prisoner should 
be imprisoned in the jail for the 
space of £ve years, during which 
period she is to stand once every 
year (on the first day of the Octo- 
ber sessipns) in the pillory, to h^ 
placed in front of the^ court bouse, 
M ith labels on her brciist and back, 
e^pianatory of the crime, of which 
sht^ ha5 l^n guilty, and of the re- 
s9l.utiop of the court to adopt the 
<jic^t rigorous measures for the est- 
Ijlguuon of this pernicious ofiliuce. 
noc(i' 



•, On jthe examination cif tkit 
vretched woman,. as a WTtnesfty out: 
or two remarkable. ^Ml» ^ppeaicd^ 
which arev]^')e>^'ar» but too ofaac^- 
4?eri6tic Qf tJbe lowor classes of »»• 
tiyefi; Oii beisgahkfed by ihd r<^ 
corder« whether fhe ihoiight tbne 
w;as a^ iuam iufalae sM'^aneg,.. 
she . an^were^, that abo uiideritCHMl* 
the English had. a great honrorof. 
it, but there was no s«ch iKVTor in 
her cout^tv)^. iVcoording Ao im 
own r account, she l^eard of the !&«• 
tenriqn to commit the murder 40s a- 
saaifice 10 discover hidden treajv 
sure) many weeks before its i^erper 
tration ; she saw it CQruiiiitti$d,and- 
she neither made any attempt. to 
prevent jt, nor gavesub^equntt iR<-. 
formation of it i-ill she wais h&ae^ 
taken up^ Tlte reason oi' her 91^ 
lence, slie »»id> waa, that in.ber 
country (Ahmedabad) a finecffive 
rupees wa$ Ltuposed upon any one 
who sppke oH a mnrdec^.and tbt 
was fearful diat the saqne law pro* 
vailed here. Qa her trial, pFeriott& 
to the; verdict bQJng.gi\»eo, she codi- 
fessed her. guilt, and scented so- 
uncoDSciou^ of m enormity^ that 
she ventured to apply to the eouit 
for mercy, at the naoment Mrhen 
she owngd that she. ixad.^cnqnred 
herself with a viewto deati^oy the^ 
lives of. Buchee pnd S^ifcjee. It 
seemed indeed pretty evidefitj |^a^ 
besides this last murderous peijjury* 
she was also an accomplice,- aid, 
probably the. priucipai ageot in tbe 
original murd^p*. ♦ .. 

w On th^ same day, thacourtj^jro-; 
cecded v(pon the trial of Wiljlian^ 
Geprge Onesiferus Paui Mott, whQ 
was arraign^ under a statute of 
Henry Vil|. upou an indictment 
chargi^g hiui with a misdemeanor^ 
in havmg obtained certain goodbk 
chattels, and naonisy^ inom Mn 
Jai^es Pouglaa RjchafdaoDi by \ift 
tue of a falsQ awi coantWeitlei.ter 

or 



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BOMBAY LAW 11EP0«T FOR J0LY> 1904. 



(xm -of «xdMdge. Tb^ circum- 
8i»ce»oftlH3case> ure believe; to 
bd-siearly as follow : • ... 

* £arly in ih# present ui^ttth, th«^ 
pri8odcr> Tcho was - sdriadl-raaster 
OB boa* d his majesty V sh?p Con'- 
crofe, went* to tlio hotter of ,Mr. 
Jm»Doa^ Rjchstfdsoii, <a gen- 
tian^ wild lids beeii frequently in 
tlie^ habit d admne'ttig mon^y tx> 
tbe^TdOf^ men of tl^ m^vy for 
faHii, 4)ib iheir {tieuds lt> '£ngiand)' 
and re^ffsted him to canh a bill for 
the GQtni ot fwenty^potrndS) which 
Mb'Kicfaartttoori, at that time, de- 
cimedi^ not Ikidiag it convenient 
to.bifltoe^^ CO C^ke the hrHs. The 
prisooer acconiingly went awayi 
and vetunied to Mr. Richardson's 
bcmsi» on the lOth iostant; again 
requesting him to casli thfe^ bilhr, 
ittwhich he wa» tuohj hnportanate 
tbaahefore> aliedgidg that He had 
purchased a le^tant ft^Om a mer- 
chint named Bhick^ee Merjee, 
fyr the fcorn of 120 rupees, and 
which he was unaWe to pay lor, 
u«il be had procured the money 
for the byis iti question. The 
bill* wete- sigfted by the ^atne of 
W. StfoDgy (a midshipman on 
hcfxpd the OoiUiorde) and endorsed 
by capttiin Wood, iiommander of 
that ahi^' Upett the Mthdi this 
endbraementK (itid (ttfppos^og that 
the prw6nc*'* name was Mr. Strong, 
as he alwiay* a!ns><^red Mr. Ridi- 
^dsoB, ^^iifhea 'Udd^sied by tliat 
name, Mr* Ri^hiatdsoti took the 
bills for twenty-pounds, l^hlch at 
2s, ai^d 6d. Ihe^Wipee, anriounted 
toitipees 160} he aecepWd a draft 
drawn by the prisortej* (alsb ^nder 
the ndriie of W. Strong) in favor' 
of Bhicoajee Meijee^ for rtroeed 1 ^, 
being for the sex^nt he had ptir- 
cfaasedi and ^UV«t^ Id the pri.«?- 
onii the ^ena^ittdet* <^''^he ^vm/ 
ri*w fdrty nipees Ui csah, l^is *t?as 
dwie under'' the- ^m* inipressioij 



that the prisotiet^s name wat Sfroitgi 
an impression strongjy corroboratlwi 
by the additional circnnistances' -of 
the bills having b^n dra^^'n on 'Mr. 
William Strong, Cumberland? 
stt-cet; Po^^•e:T, Hants, and'subi 
scribed ** your dutiful sort WI 
Strong." And upon the tmnsac-^ 
tion bemg terminated, Mr. Richard- 
son addressed the prisoner* by the 
nattje of Stj*ong, and asked him if 
he had advised his father of havitig 
drawn the bilk, to wliich he re- 
plied in the affirmative. 

Tims matters rested until thd 
ItJth, when some suspicion having 
arfeen as to the frauduiency of the 
transaction, measures were ac^ 
cordingly taken to developc the 
truth J when it appeared, tliat the 
bills which had been given to Mn 
Richardson were fictitious, that both 
the signature of W. Strong athxed 
to, and that of J. Wood endorsed 
on them, were counterfeited ; and 
which tacts were positively sworn 
to before the court by captain 
Wood, and W. Strong, both i^ 
them atfirming that their respective 
signatures had been forged. 

These were Hie principal facts 
brouglit forward on the prosecu- 
tion, and which were fully and 
satisfactorily established by the 
most clear, and unequivocal evi- 
dence. Though the court had 
very humanely assigned professi- 
onal assistance to the prisoner, he 
dM not attempt to make any de- 
fence, other than an endeavour to 
discover some technical imperfec- 
tiohs in the ind'rctment which wer^ 
over-'rufed. 'The recoi-der then 
summed up the evidence dfetinctly 
and elaborately) when the jury, 
dfter a short* consideration, retumrf 
a vieniict of " gviilty/' The seft- 
t^ce of tbe^ court was then bassed, 
in a most pathetic moi?rt6r, %' the 
learned judge 5 'vi'ho My deicdntedi 

upon 



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ro 



.; ASUMC At^NUAL HIGISTERr 1804. 



upon the enormity and penricious 
tendency of the offence of which 
the prisoner had been found gtiiity, 
an offence, which in bw native 
country, he would most certainly 
have expiated only with his lii'e ; 
but fortunately for the pri^oi^r, 
the statute* which made such for- 
geries capital, did not, in the opi- 
nion of the court, so certainly 
extend to the East Indies, a& to 
make it fit to proceed cajot^ly 
against him. 

The recorder alluded to the fa- 
mous case of Niindoomar^ and 
declared his own concurrence with 
the doubts thrown out during that 
trial hy fir Robert Chambers, and 
the opinion since more strongly 
delivered by sir W. Jones.-^-^ie 
added, that he should always £^ 
tjne strongest disinclination to carry 
into execution, in -this comur)'^ 
laws which can be justified only by 
the peculiar circtiniitances of Greil; 
l>itflin. 

The judgment therefore was, 
that the prisoner slu)uld be impri- 
soned in the gaol for the space of 
two years < the recorder informing 
him* at the same time> tiiat tlic 
court had been thus lenient, in coi>- 
i^rAion to its being the first diarge 
of this nature that had come before 
them» and under tlie hope that tlie 
prisoner would emplov the time of 
his confinement in that serious 
feileotion winch might lead to a re- 
fiwmMton na his moral condoct, 
and render Inm hereiifter a more 
worthy^ member of civil society. — 
This hof^rtbe judge most seriously 
exhorted him -to fulfil, adding,' that 
if the example of this mild punish- 
pient should be found ineAectual, 
the court' would be compelled to 
resort to others of suchaevectty as 
would necessarily deter luen ' from 
Ibe cotnmissioa of such crime* in 
iut«n-c* ; ' ■ - • ^ •■' 



Government iVo/f^o^ib.^ 
Notice is hereby given, that/'ihe 
tolls on boots and goods passing 'tJH 
canal, called tb^ Banka Nullahi &r- 
meriy authorised bygoveminentto 
be levied by, and ^r tlie benefitiOf 
Mr. Page Ceble, deceased; thft ori- 
ginal projector of :th€i said exoA 
have beenjihicethe art of^N^jem- 
ber, 1 801 , and still continue (with 
certain modificaticHis) to .4>e ix>llect- 
ed on tlic part of ^overnnfi^nt, 
under the - superintenckiloe • of llie 
Salt Agent for tile Tunilook -divi- 
sion ; the pmbiic is. theroibi^.iifflPl^ 
by informed, that all b0al» 4nd 
goods, of whatever descriptiloi^. pat- 
sing through the s»idcaQ^,:,n(hicb 
forms a satisr and short cQoimtinieat 
tion betweiea the riv^ecs Rbopnar^id 
and Huldee^ or Tin^^ollyj. are 
subject to thepayment <jf tljei trfls, 
which have:. been sanctioned. Jiud 
fixed by governraent, tlie^ rates jOt" 
which are now published jfor gene- 
ral iutbmiation* as ibliows : ,- . . 

ON BOATS, Sa. RS. 

Budgero^vs of twelve oiais - ; 
ajad less, witli, passes ; ,j<^ 
gQrsornecessaries,eaoh 4. <> 
Ditto of ditto enjpty,each.;3 Q /O 
£)o. of more than twelve ;<; ... ; 
oars, with passengers , ... iO 
or necestarlesf, ditto . ^ , p^- 
DiUo dittoi^(wnp^, ditto ^,,Q^0 
Shi p$' pinnaces^ . . ^yawls, -j^.^nr 
jolly boats, paunsw^s* • /ji^.iTA 
tow -boatftiftod $11 other : ,. ,:*^h 
smallpassage bo5ts,of^,v*J 
whatever deSCvi|)tiQ»,> ;',i ; .; J 

with passengers or ne-, . r /. , 

cessaries. dittQ .I^u^ffn ^ 

Ditto ditto, emp^, diy^.l p-> 
Burrs, WpoHaflS^s^ jHo^ .. ^ 
'^ labs, and all other bc^ts^ 

of burtheniQi^t exo^- - t .,< 

ing \?0Oaiau«iUiiemp", 
' ty^ e^h 1 .-^lOr 

Ditto ditto, '^a}K»r(5f2Qp > > - , 

and 



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BOMftAY OCX:mBXSICBS FOK AJPtOLi IB04. 



u 



and not csctedif]^ 50O 

ndDt)d&, ditto 2 O O 

Ditto dttto^ abore 500 

jtod not exceeding 

iaX)«aaQiids, ditto 3 O O 
Ditti> di«to« abofve 1000 
-:nnttftds,<^tto. 4 O O 

BiBOtfif of the foregoing . 
'dfiserlptioiis ladeii ysrah - 

hoosxhold furniture, 
■ fft ^ neces^rios> bon^i 

fide^ for private tee, to 
: t>a(f doul^ fares on tiie ' 

Wthen of the boat. 
NO'teli to be levied on 
' '^bosft bde» wUb mer** 
^^aA^se, but oa the 

'^Kidsa^ foiiow^ viz. 
(bsBlt^per ix»ma«kb, 1 1 
Oft «agar> be«tieaut^beU 

Jaek> stick kck/ lump 

lack, mt)d)> sand^ 

iR'ood, Wood oil, dam- 
met, tobacco, day gm- 

1^, tonaetic, and <alt*- 

petre^per lOOmaunds 4 O O 
Ob gear, sun, paut, chn- 

nam, and nre wood, 

per lOOmaxHids 
On paddy, per ditto 
On rice, per ditto 
On all other count?/ graitt 

per ditto i: O 

On liquors in (^k9> \h. ^ 

WHie,of wbflteVerki tfd, 
' n^, brandy, gid^ dnd 

vin^ar, pet pipe a O -O 

Acrack, per leager < 2 
&cr, porter, a^ dder, 

per ho^iead a 

On liquors mbottle^; via, ■ 

00 wine, 6f all Kind^, - 

b^mfy, rum, gii?, ck)r* 

dJals,' st^et «0lU /and : - 

sauces of afl kinds, per 

dozen qtJarts e 4- 

On beer, porter, perry^i 

cider, and vkiegj*^|«i< " 

dfUo O • 2 

Oa raw siOt; 4ndig^ silk/ 



1 








o 


s 


o 





1 






cotton, or sitictndcot** • n^q 

ton piece geodt, in v-fM 

bales, haif per cent, on * > '*d* 

th« iiiToice. ' .'i 

On wax candles and bee» :'" 

wax, one per cent, doi - i 
Oi» 5aQly sisso, and «iki 

other tinober ^r planksv 

five per cent, ditto. • . 

On all other goods, not 

herein portaculanly spe- 

ofied, oAe p^ cent, on 

the invoice. 

Dotri^ts having arisen wbelher 
boats belongsng to officers and 
other p^sons employed on the pitt)w 
tio service, and passing tlie sM 
canal, are subject to the paym^t 
of the estayished toils, it is furtlier 
hereby notified to the public iti 
general, and to such persons in par** 
ticular^ that all boats, without any 
exception, are liable to the pay* 

3 mi of the tdls, agreeably to the 
es here published, or such other 
rates as may hereafter be estab-^ 
lished by the authority of govern- 
ment, and that the officers in charge 
ef tlie collections are not em« 
powered to grant any exemptions 
from the regular demand, on any 
plea or pretence whatever. 

Published by order of the Board 
ofRcvenne, 

, C. BuTLrRj Secretary. 

-The Ceded Provinces. 
The governor general in ceimt^ 
i3ptesed to order, that the follow*^ 
ing papers submitted to h4s excel- 
lency in council by thi^iwiioiirdMe 
theilieuleoent:gevemor of theted^ 
provinces,, be poblighed. ' 

TbjHc Hmmurmbk Mtnty^Wdhth^i 

Jbimbenont Oovvtmr$>J^!^eedid 

Pt(wmccs^ ^t . : ;i. . -' • v' 

l^/CK^, Sir; : v.' !.. ^ ■,.- r-'i > v^ 

W^i^llie covenanted dvi)nrfrv;mtl 

of the hon. the East India Cowr- 

psny. 



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AflATlO ASKUJUL JCEGtSTEXl/l«iC ^jd 



pany, who Intw tctied tinder you in 
the c«ded proTinoe8> bee leakre to 
e:q)res$ to you aur gratml timas <)f 
your liberal and untfreBiivd endea- 
vours to j^'gBnenl svtifilacdaain 
every respect, both in your public 
and private character ^ and to asanre 
you of dieaincere regret wbicb wq 
fsel atyoor departure. 

Sudi of us as have had the^obd 
fortune to be employed moroim- 
mediately under you, think, it but 
ju»t to declare, that byyourindefe- 
tigable personal exertions^ in the 
arduous task of arranging die bad- 
ness of a newly-acquired territory, 
where every thing yet reniakied Do 
to done, we have t«ea encouraged 
^ persevere < with cheerfb!neft.4,.in 
the discharge of diose laborious attd 
io>po£tant ^ties, which you, hon. 
Sovy'sbaied with us. In witness- 
ing such ready co^})el9ation in yoa, 
die toiisome part of our duty was 
no longer remembered.: 

Great and solid as are theadrtni- 
tages in point of cotnraerce, feve- 
. nue, and peiitical security^ which 
idae lK>BOurable Company (and even- 
.^wdly Great Bntaia) inust dertre 
liom die^ important acquisition of 
these pr^vincea, sdU, we, hesitate 
iK)t to dedare o»iir fidlest convic- 
tion, that their attainment has been 
' greatly- aeoelerated by the judicious 
'exercise of the high discretionary 
ponders of yoor. elevated sihiation -, 
'^.iaiid <mr avm exertiona were the 
more advdnttigeousiy directed by the 
favourable and bi§^y advantdgeons 
; cir&unntaoce of acting tmder a 
, ip&mn in iidl posscasioa of the o(Ai- 
^^denoe of his excellency tte most 
oobiethegDvemcNr genend^ aoon- 
Lfideoce enflnthd ^mreverypocm of 
'tvicwto^Abefirst acquAationof thes^ 
^teritpnes, and whacbj :a» the-^Ue- 
. snlr.of ia; thtmsogfa. pergonal knMv- 
tikdgeiiTCo^i aot;, ^riob(yioTtk<tea- 



sonS) have been ao oomfifrtybft- 
jBtowed elsewhere. 

Strongly impresaed wilfcitiiQic 
aentimenta of- respectful ax)d jiffw^ 
iMos^e AttachmeR^ nduch sudbiiMm- 
duct muK oatum^y .insfurei,, Mfc 
.request your acodiptartoe .ef.ye^r 
warmest,' astd moat totittli^t iftM^ 
for your ititotfe probperitf sai hap- 
piness.. .'1 . • nn O 

We liRve the hoooc ^ be»l with 
the greatest respect, ^ »• .•):■ 

Honoured sir, . . < 1 
Yobr moat obliged andr vj /' . 
Most obedieat aanrftot^^ 

(Signed>^M. i^esik,..:^^i^#)akl 
Setoo, RiehaM&< Becfaer^ J. iFeib- 
beile, George Webby; Rich..' Sho- 
brick> €. Russel) iS. Sviiit0it|-W. 
Leycester, G. Dun^^too^ A'€a- 
uyngharae, J. Wemy»> J.ffi.Ed- 
mi&ion» A. WeHand, Uksb. Ahtiitt^ i 
H. Coruisfai J. Rithardsoo, W.Ot- 
ton Salmon, W* P. POftsvT.fliheai- 
bilU J. lk)utledge^ Q. IX Qioka^, 
A* Ross- '' '>! .'•■•' 

Bareilly, Dec. 29, 180a > f 

To the Getttlemm t^f Mr .iff fc*;lA*f 
Easi India Company's CmesmA- 
ed Gwil Service, €Ldingii^^e 
Ceded Prtmnces in Omh*. f^i* 
Gentlemen, v, * 

The kind-ami flatteringttennf > in 
which you harre been pbttoito ex- 
press your approbatioa of my^- 
vices, and your* regret at my doHir- 
ture, in your address of the^Q^^^ 
Detsember; demand ^aay warmest 
and moat gratefiil aduiOwM^- 
ments. - • -.,.,.... 

Tbeex^easire and ialvtaiylm- 
provementss whKkhairoalrbadybcen 
. introduced in to tile ceded pfwriiices 
in Oude, arepnncipidlf to^bft^- 
erilied to the zealoua faadi hoiMifi- 
gable exertions of thai ciialiSQKl 
oofkuneitM^officerarhbtfiedisdiarge 
of their respective duties." The 
tianquU cMdusiorirk)!' thetitonial 
settlement, 



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BOMBAY OCCOBEENCES FOR JULY/ 1S04. 



18 



iMi^iem, rtie conlitlence expressed 
bf all classes of the inhabitants in 
Ae Brttiih govemment, «nd the 
timisaa) success with which eveiy 
ttfanoh of the public senice has* 
1«eeo cctMlucted, are «a»isifaCtofy 
proofe of ^M advantageot|s selection 
ttfade l^the govenoor general fixMn 
ifce civil service of ibe honourable 
Company, for the introduction of 
dnrBntish systeih of govemt^nt 
into these provirtces. 

In the exercise .of tlie extensive 
powers oitnKted to me, my ac- . 
kndwiedgemeirtsare particularly due 
t&tiie^gfentiemet joined Srith rtie in 
tiie 'teitiporary conomiftiioh for the 
administrlitioDr o^ the provisional 
gbventtneat -I have derived the 
m^st'e&ctual a&siitaiKe from the 
aid bf 'their talentsl, OKpetience, 
^nd hobooiable sappottf and I am 
h^pqr in tiie public bpportaDity af- 
ibtded ine by ytkir address, of et- 
fotmag Ale hl^ sense whLdh X en- 
tertain of their valuable publie ser- 
vices. ' ' -^ / ' 

I shall never <:ease to retain a 
Ihely ibteresCin tbexveifare tpf these 
nn|M>rtaaC' posscswona, sAd I now 
Inflect with peculiar satisfaction that 
the foniideN:iiNi ]» established for 
their future affluence, and prospe- 
rity. Tbes&seiktinients am r^iidcr- 
«d nt^More graiUying by Hhe bonor- 
^k^festUnonyi whacli yimr' address 
Ni^isffDndBdraey that ib. the esti- 
* ttttUon df so large* and respeotable 
'tjmt' of the ciiril* servicer «f die 
^A/4hejfiast Ittiiii.Coiaipatiy^ 'wy 
appoiuiment to tlie tenaporary ciiarge 
iot the ceded provineesrInjQudb has 
bc^ adraniag^ous to cbo' exertion 
'<lf'>yaari>ib9pee(Mr aerviocsv' tond 
•hasd^zoilitat^ lhe(f9Cigre»& tdf the 
pMioblisineit bit your several de- 
fartraentsyr '■ ^r ,■ 
'->' diuhjetiieJiOTiourtobev /Witfatiie 
ft'catest jrfi3|)ectvand> ffAee m. 



Hie intelligence Tet«H'«d by ♦fat 
arrival of the AntelDpe ^em tbs 
Red Sea, representsr that paitfxrf 
Arabia lying cm hs borckr^ takm 
still in a < state df the ntpst iKne»» 
ampled' cotiiusioo, and in a $itua# 
tioa niuch worse than even rus* 
mour had before describod it to brt. 
It would appear, that the Waha* 
bees- are prosecuting a Very suo 
cessful career, that imldah atid 
Meccah were conapletely blockade^l 
by land^'dnd all communicaiion \inth 
Medina effectually cut off. The 
tetter tdty, it was expLCted, wouM 
b^ txnder the necessity of cafmulaf- 
tng immediately on the surrender 
♦o the Wahabees of the sea-pert- of 
Yuroboo, to the northward of Jiid» 
tiah, an event which actnaUy <took 
place when these accooats caaae 
away; The 'sheriffc of iMecca tod 
pacha of the grand signior, had, wt 
understand, come purposely from 
Mecca to Juddah, and at conside- 
rable risk. The object of tbdr 
journey was? to solicTt the^ aid of 
one of hisBrit-nmic m^esty's ships 
which tbey learnt was lying there, 
and generally to fippiy for. riie fos- 
tering protedtioo of the ;^iiglish>^ aa 
friends cf the grand sig^r. 

Ext fad Bf a letter fhm^ ffdUivm 

' Kef It, esq. eomwUmder- wf 4m 

Majestif.^ armed skip Buffalp, 

' to- i^ice^AitmimL •tkaTiier, dstted 

Bufikle^iactofffi'aMslsiond, 

>' ^tk Nnvimber, i&OB. ^ ' 

-f* On t!hea2d of last'Aprilii loft 
f JVM-t Jackson, irk'NcTc^ South Wales, 
"hi hifi - majesty^s armi^t ship xMbr 
'njaycortxnamdt, fori^atcBtHi: ^ricniy 
roate> J. stopped tat iUnbo^ma aod 
'€ootnm^, mth& iskUid'^olt'TiaEim', 
'to fill watenastd refresh tfao< people. 
We- sailed: fipm Ambd)'rra ton (/the 
99th of AagmSt, at tt'hidb tin>e thftk-e 
^re no DiAch naval force in the 
Sound : 



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ASIATIC A«KUAL RBGISTEB, 1«04. 



'96tiUid ;^ abdot lit weeks before our 
itttival> ^*^<:otmnodore, with three 
faAfakeSi sailed from thence to Ter- 
Ittle^ and ki endeavouring to pass 
fouud the West end of the island, 
lb* conunodiMre^s diip was hove on 
shore fay the swell, in a calm, and 
♦otalty lost : her guns and part of 
licr Atores were saved : the other 
two frigates, I understood, were to 
go from Temate to Batavia. Am- 
boyna was garrisoned by part of a 
reginftent, in which, except the c^ 
ficers, were very few Europeans. 
Timor we left September I2th j its 
f^ification is still in a state of ruin. 
We M«ere at Anger Roads in Sep- 
tember 23d, at which time they 
linew nothing of the war. • Several 
ships from Caitton, bound to Cal- 
cutta*, having applied to mc to 
take them under our protection, I 
have given them instructions, * and 
mean to sail to-morrow." 

General Lake. 
To hh Excellency General Gerard 
Lake, Commander in Chuf, isfc. 
^c. tSfc. 

Sir,— We, the officers of tiie 
British Indian army, who have had 
the honor of serving under your ex- 
cellency's personal command during 
the present campaign, impressed 
with sentiments of high respect to- 
wards your excellency, and admi- 
rMton of those exalted talents by 
wjiich we have been led to a series 
of brilliant victories, confirming the 
superiority of the British arms in 
tliis remote quarter of the globe, 
and yielding to us a soldier's best 
rewatd, thtff approbation of govern- 
ment, beg lea\'e to request your 
' dteeHeBcy's acceptance of a scrrvice 
' of plate of the value of 4,000/. in 
testioKHiy of our attachment and 
esteem. 



Zealously devoted to our king, 
our country, and the government 
under which we have the honour 
to serve, it only remains fr>r us to ' 
ekpress our sincere and ardent hope^ 
that we may long enjoy the advan- 
tage of being placed under xonr 
excelleiu:y*s guidance and com« 
mand ; and wherever the interests 
of the state may require otn: ser- 
vices, inspired by your animating 
example, and cherished by yo\it 
applause, we may continue to fol- 
low you to victory and renown. 

We have the honour to subscribe 
ourselves, (on behalf of tlie anny) 

Your excellency's very feithfW^ 
Obedient, and devoted 

Sm>ants. 

(Signed) 

Frederick St. John, major-gen, . , 
H. Fraser, niajor-gcn. ". . 

W. Monson, lieut. col. 76tb reg. 
J. O. Vandeleur, lient. col. . oem- 

mantling 1st brigade of caiahy^ 
J. Horsford, lieut. col. artillery, , 
St. George Ashe, lieut. col. infantry. 
R. Haldane, major of infantry*.. ^ 
L. Thomas, major, l4th native ^rieg. 
\V. Cacden, major, 29di light Hi?^ 
J. Crockett, captain of infantry, 
H. Worsley, capt. iJlst native reg,~ 
Alexander Knox, capt. 2d nat, cav. 
Alexander Morison, qaptaix^ , * 
T. Wood, ca^in of engineers. 
W. I. Scott, capt. of his majesty's 

76th regiment. - ^ 

H. Swinton, cajitain, 6th nat. car, 
J. W. Playdell, lieut. Uth nat. i^g. 

Camp, Britishhead^quarters ^Kelune Ja, 
Dec. 21, 1803. 

To which hia excel kmey'v^ 
pleased to make; the following 
reply : . ., 1 



♦ Anna, VptoD CaiUe^ aad Pigeon. 



To 



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BO^^BAY 0CpliRIlENC£S FOflL JULY/ 1804. 



llfi 



Xq ihQ.Commitiee i^ Officers xtp- 
\. puinled^ tn prt^re an Addr4iSt 

lie. iQ his Exa^Uauy, the Com" 
. maufkr in CJii^f. 

Gcuilemen, — 1. receive witb sen- 
timents of tlie most lively gtalitude, 
ie yalijable te^timouy ot iiio este<?ni 
and atiacbmeut of tbe,iucmy* wiiJi 
whlcli ihQj have houour«ti ine.^— 
lliis jDoark of regard is peciiliariy 
^attenng irom tBe oiiioers of an 
firmy, whose meritorious services' 
wmghqut tins campaign, must 
ever. otitic them to tlae highest 
jfispectaud honour. 

, la the hour of severe trials next 
to t^t Provideiu:e who protects us, 
I have trubtsed to the iu vincible 
firmuess, jiteady support, and un- 
exampled, gallantry of my army; 
and the distinguished success which 
has in every instance crowned our 
exertions, has fully justified my 
entire confidence and firm reliance. 

i shall with pride and pleasure 
JtdScct upon tliose situations, in 
which we have together maintained 
the honour of our king, and the 
glory of our country. The posses- 
sion of this valuable testimony of 
J^nr ittacliment, wi!l serve to 
■Waken those sentiments of esteem, 
gratiiude, and aftection, which are 
ali^dy too deeply imprinted on 
ftiynftid ever to be tbigotten. 
I hst^ the honour to be. 
Gentlemen, 

With perfect esteem. 
Your. obliged, humble sen'ajit, 
G. Lakp. 

Head-Quarters of the British aripy, camp, 
•^ tfehffleda, «'©ec. ^803. 

IFreck of the ship» JHstmh^r and 
• ThomhUL ^'^ • ' 

These vessels were wrecked in 
the streights of Balabec, on the 23d 
of September. 

The Anstruther, captaifi W. JXi- 



chardson, was^ittnloMt art anf^f^^j^d 
ship at Malacca, carryyig twemt^ 
fuipr twelve and nioe-ppund <?sMr- 
liage<gui>ft, and manned with f^ii- 
ropean artillery and ioiantrjjjid^ 
native troops as noariues, in adcii- 
tion to her crew, consisting (^ one 
hundred pcrsoas.— She sailed froju 
^lalacca on tlie 29th of August^ in 
company with the honourable cpji;^- 
pauy's cruizer, Mornuigtcnj hpnou- 
rable company's ship, Balambao- 
gan, Ck)mmerce, armed ship^ at^d 
four transports, proceeding under 
the orders oi H. T. Farquhar^ eaj, 
commissioner, &c. &c. towards Ba- 
lan]bangan and the Eastern Island* 

Names of persons 5af f'c/.— Capjt. 
D. Ross, artillery, lieut. Gill, native 

infantry, Hall, Europeaiij do. 

assistant- surgeon Stone, all belong- 
ing to the detachment, and about 
one hundred and twenty^ including 
Europeans, natives, and followers. 

Died on the raft. — Mr. Hunter, 
conductor of ordnance. 

Loa/. — Eight or nine Europeans, 
and one hundred and seventy native 
troops, gun-lascars, &c. 

Missing — 1 wo seacunnies, ha- 
vildiT, seraiig and sixty Jgscaa.>, 
&:c. 

Saved from wreck — ^^V. Ricb- 
aftlson, commander, J . Coverdaie, 
first officer, C. Ricliardson, secood 
.ditto, gunner, carpenter, five s^- 
cunaiieSj and tweuty-^slx lascar^, 
seapoys, and servants. 

J. On Monday, about two P-, M. , 
was la\iuched from tlic yard of 
Jklr. Andrew Waddle, mapt^if- 
buddpr to the honourable ComiKiuy, 

.at Kidderpore, a fine guavesei^i of 
about , J oO . tons burUienj, named 

, ** TM C^apkr-f'. to be commiaiided 
by Ij^tcnant. Robert , Scuvit,i of ij^e 
honourable Company's marine, and 
late first lieutenant of the Bombay 

. fiig;»tc. ^ « 

CUI.VA. 



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16 



ASIATIC ANKUAL REGISTEK, 1804. 



China. 

Gtn^rat Weddtrhum* 
A tomb has lately been erected 
to the memory of general Wcd- 
derbum, by his aid-de-camp and 
seci«tary, of which the foJlowing 
is a copy. 

Here lies 
die body of brigadier-general Da- 
Tid Weddcrtnirn, commander in 
chief of the honorable company's 
forces under the prewdeucy of 
Bombay. ' 

The fo!lmi'ing letter from one of 
the first generals of the age, is a 
most honorable testimony of his 
very superior military abilities. 

St James's, Julys?, 1761. 
This day at noon arr.ved Iiere 
major Wedderbum, dispatched by 
prince Ferdinand on Thursday last, 
the 10th iiwtant, with the follow- 
ing letter from his most serene 
hJgliness io his majesty. 

" I Inve the honour to eon-' 
gratulate your majesty upon a very 
signal advantage which your ma-^ 
jest}^*s arms have this day gained. 
It is impossible for me to set down 
every particular of this glorious 
day ; *the bearer of this, au officer 
of distinguished merit, and who 
has greatly contributed io the 
happy success of this day, WiH 
gi^ e your majesty an exact account 
of it. I havo the honour to re- 
commend him to your majesty's 
royal favour.* 

'^ Upon tlie field of Kirch 
Denckem, not far from Hilltnip, 
the i6th of July, I7<5l, at ele^-en 
o'clock in the forenoon." 

FeRD1NAK15, 

Duke rf Brunsunck and 
Lunenburg. 
As a proof of his royal master's 
entire approbation of his services 
in Germany, ho received a pnrse 
of a thousand pmnds, and was 
made major commandant of a 



faattalfon, when little mote thmi of 
«gc. He was made lieutenant- 
colonel in 1762 — colonel and bri- 
gadier-general in India, in March, - 
J770. 

Candid, just, and sincere, hli 
conduct through life, in his public, 
and private capacity, reflects the 
highest honour on his memory* 

The very essential advantages 
which tlie Company have reaped 
from the exertion c^ his talents, 
since he has had the chief com-^ 
mand of thetr troops, are incof>- 
testible proofs of his abilities in hkk 
public capacity. 

In his private character, words 
would poorly describe the excel- 
lence of his heart. Replete with 
virtues, whidi did honour to hu- 
nttnity, he lived, loved, revered, 
and respected by his iiriends «id 
aoquaintanoe, and he fell, most 
universally regretted and lansieoted 
by all degrees of people. 

He was kiUed under the w^ls 
d Barocbe, November the 14tb., 
1772, atstis thirty-two years aad 
eight months. 

With the deepest sorrow for 
his death, the sincerest veneration 
regard, and attachment, to his me- 
mory, the above is inscribed, by his 
aid-de-camp and secretary, 

Alex. MAciM.T*k.v, 
John Macrevzie. 

Disaiption of a Shoal. 

The following is an account of a 
shoaJ, which some of admiral 
Bainit r s squadron passed over, aAd 
of the storm which the whole 
squadron afterwards encountered ill 
their pa-sfcage to this port. 

On the 2/th of September la^t, 
at nppn, the Cenliuioii, on sound- 
ing, found only ] 7 fathoms water, 
shortly after 21 fa^ioms, and then 
no ground with '^5 fathoms. Tke 
Lancaster, .being about a mile to 

the 



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BENGAL OCCURBBNCES FOR JULY, 1804. 



It 



tiie sootbwaid of the Centurion, 
wuDded at the time, and had only 
10 fathoms water, two rocks being 
then in sight, one on each side of 
the ship, which appeared to have 
much less water upon them i after 
pssBiog by those rocks, the water 
deepened gradually to 17 fathoms, 
andtben no bottom could be found 
«t35fiithoins. 

The Tremendous Was about 
three mUe» to the N. W. V the 
Lancaster, and on sounding, found 
no ground at SO fathoms. The re« 
soit <^ the ob6ervati<»is made in 
the ^ips at noon, determines the 
latitudes of this shoal to be 70^ 41' 
40uth. And its longkode, t^the 
meaife of several lunar observat 
tions noade about the tioie, and by 
three excellent time-keepers of 
captain Heywoods, is 72°, S2t" £. 
It bears from the south part of 
Di^ Gracia 8. 82^ W' . 



PuiUc Addrtues to the m^t nohU 
the Govtmar-Gener^ 

Fort WiUiam, July ^ 1604. 

To his Exeefiency the most noble 
Monpds WeUesUy, Vc. igfc. 

My Lord, 

The British inhabitants of the 
province of Behar, and of the 
cities of F^tna and Dacca, have 
done me the honor, as chairman 
of the late meeting at Calcutta, of 
entrusting to me to convey to his 
excellency, the sentiments of con- 
gratulation on the recent great 
events in Hindustan and the 
Dekan, 

Their sentiments are expressed 
in the accompanying original let- 
ter?, whic}i I consider it to be ray 
nto lay before your excellency, 
letter from Shearman Bird, 
. Esq. senior jtidge of the provincial 
court (rf* appeal, ^uA from the Bri- 



ti^ inhabitants of, the dty of 
Dacca and its environs. 

A letter from Christopher Keat* 
ii^ Esq. senior judge of .the pro* 
vincial court of ap^al, and from 
the British inhabitanU of the. pro- 
vince of Behar. 

A letter from Christopber Kei^- 
ing, Esq. senior judge^^c. ^c. 

I have the honor to be^ with the 
greatest respect. 

My Lord, 

Yooresoellenoy's niost obedient, 
Aq4 ipost bundle servant, 
{Signed) P. ^bks. 
OdcntUv April U, 1804. 

To Peter Sfeke, Esq. chakrman of 
the meeting to the BHtiih inha" 
hUants at Calcutta. 
Sir,. 

1. The British inhabitants of 
the city and emrirons of Dacca« 
most wtfmly concurring In the 
sentinoents expressed by their fellow 
subjects at the presidency, on the 
joytul occaafon of the restoration 
of peace to the contihent of India, 
are anxious that this union of sen- 
timent on their part should be made 
kooim to his excellency the gover- 
nor-general. 

2. EquieJiy knpressed with gra« 
tilude and n^pect for that exalted 
4Aaracter, whose administration in 
iBdia will form an epoch of glory 
and triumph in the anoala of the 
British emphrei it is their wish 
publidy to testify the lively sense 
of exi;dtation with which they be- 
hold this happy issue <^ a war, not 
less distinguished by tlie justioe of 
the oa«ee wiiiiii ga;ve rise to it, 
than hy the wisdom and vigour 
which directed its operetiona, the 
unexampled seri^of brilliant victo- 
tories attending its progress, and 
the important national advantages 
secured to Gi^eat Britain by its glo- 
rious terminatiou. 

b 3. It 



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ASIMIC ASKUAl>::»lWroEW>_M«^ 



tqyi^.thf tribute of heartfelt *p- 
^use^to those gallant anniei, and 

iJulful c<>QdDCt> steady disd{iline, 
audiineftUtibk valouc, displayed in 
evcfy eocouot^r with, the eaeray# 
fainrerats^ the reputation, of thefiri • 
t;^b frais to ibemcpt envied >height. 
/ .4. J tl¥2 under-signed BrULsli in- 

a^tgnts of this city and itii. ndgh- 
^coi, are tbevefore higldy am- 
^tio^f. that.^ir names should be 
added la the addrfsses proeuted to 
^s ckia^HenqF the most noble the 
goy^eropr-gieneral in CakuUa^ as 
pei|ig the bes^ means of declaring, 
in tlie foJJest manper, ihi^r .a^op* 
tin^ of, i\i(^ lentiroeuts expressed 
thi^in : and for this purpose they 
beg leave to request of you. Sir, 
tp ^Ucit for theiD the necessary 
pcf mission from hjs excellency ) 
^ ii),the«ven^ of its betpg granted, 
il<]|.C|use.Jtbeir sev^sral nances po be 
,^xed to. that ^idres^. ^ 
\, ^. The ui^der-signed luve the 
tj/Mour. .tp subscrib^ (iiems^lves, 
.^1^ mu<^h respect, . . 
J[h' ".'-''' Sir^ ' . 1^' 

cYoUMBBBt. obedient and Inktible 
A . servants, 
:>(Signed^ SatfAiMAir/BiKD; 

.<&igQed) J. D. Proenonj^ i/Wi]'. 

P. tun»J9hn.Feadaii»jE. Roberts, 
IK John Battye, 1\ LiMrv f^itvi\a, 

I VB. -Crisps Uany Wisbb^ UetU. 

:7U4tRy Rtibeitiesni; Ou fiosicn, 

. * bBiVAndre^^^* O. dwootav, /i^#. 

rl >.fi>.ii.i^tQh( cojMflbr, M.Law, 
^.vi/M^JKees, .WliUton l^Xitin, J. 

. Cartittg^KdwBid Itebbtoiiith, J. 

uiW)J:RQlierts^>SiBi]kl^I/imi&. 
l>accs, Murdi 13, \9^u f m- j 

To Peter Sfickei-Esg. Presidmt qfihe 

^oil^iHi^ of me Bmsf^Iftimbu 

iants<if Calcutta, for ffisf^ting 



Most Nolle ^jArqm.WiHhlltil^ 

I hirne thb honmit^ fe>faHirafdq]k 
enclosed 'letter ^^om the Blitfehjft- 
habiiteiU9 of hvkt^. "The'^^eftMidt 
of the province hai been-fkd^ bdtij^ 
of a* <Aelay, unip^okiablei Mt ftt 
Msonittj fbr'iv^ 4rt ^SutmtiM-^io 
hasten any proof we ooald^^i^- ^ 
our raspm^ mid dttifehrttefit ^r >4Se 
penoo of ills ext6lkbc^'tlil^gdv«r- 
SMfv^caieitk.^ «€ettitttly ttti4*re iM^er 
oottftd be a Ktnenger «aill ^xh^^- 
knowledgmeiit, botH^df^pfMrci Mid 
prhFSt&gnMMdoi ^ibdn th^oocQi^du 
whichigarhivritoi».!tli%«(!ldr^ss '^ind 
nEsokKion rof > ^le. ^m^lfig ' heli^te 
ICalcatta*. viv^) T Hf;.l J-xiiv.' .-ciolfiv 

: ' ^biivevcbe licAVDor tto^be^ l^^^m 

> Birj'v;; i > r.i'; v « i^lit»j 

Yonri nsMrobcditotiSfMPfaiicy^ 

To' Peter Speie^ .J^q^l^^rmdi^n ! 

If! ha I'l tan ts of Calailta, forjjrc- 
senting an Jddress to hj^ Excel- 
lenry the M^^it No lie iHdrtmi^ 

We, ttie Bcitisji ii}|iflj)it^^'x)f 
the ()r()vince of i|e))% . jti}pf{^$d 
with Uie jmjost Ifi'^y ^S^^afip^^.pt" 
admiration^ attaclifjient, .^f^iS^" 
pect,. for tje, perW .j^d^ J|r^^^ 

noble Marjiiii/i^ , ^el%)^, beg 
leave. Sir, 'to ex^resip io you our 

regret, that, on account of o^^ 
great distance from the presidency, 
we have been excluded lrpna,ithe 
lx?nefit of subscribing \l\c address 
presented by your committer to our 
illustrioas governor-gener.'d, ,<^ the 
late hnppy teriiiiiwtion c^f l^jisiUi- 
ties in India j the soiVitueii|s of 
' tlut address correspauclhig in thtf 

': '-• ^''-^"^^*'tiiiic*i 



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BEIWM. (XSCUBflSNQES VOR imaL, .1^804. 



.,^ 



'falteil>\»jtJiAaur fec^g;s *^n this 

llius unfortuuately precluded 
.ifp(ft; ihp fidvanliage. of.addinglour 
flgrtatures Vo ypur: address, we 
^^6at,,.3ir, ti^tat^.f oa will.do us 
t^ fav0uir taasure hh ei^cdlency 
^ ti» bigb.«ewfte>of ^^ftaecation 
,wlMph-:^.e ef)t^nain :of (he spleii* 
door and valut uftli'M.dislikigjrabed 
t^&ai 4»d traQsoeodtfUi^Yiirtiies, 
and. :of;eur., hearty CQucurrence in 
yaur ^:pQgratJD]AtiotlB oq: tho%]Dnoms 
ii5ua}oCawar:4>f,!«a(ii magbSiude 
t an4; igx)pona<feevi . a-, w^, which 
.Jb(y»g; coftimencedi Jducoiigh necs^- 
fky, walL>jCOdducted with that dc- 
^^M-^mfiAfmi, proiiipbtud6 and 
Talour, which has never been sur- 
passed ^ii^ from whence hii ex* 
cellency and our gallant armies 
haycracqaired: knmortal'haQOur for 
A(»$(9)$ts^ rat the same time, that 
the most solid adv^tages. have se- 
emed to the BritLjh nation and iU 
^aljies- by J^lie auuihilation qf Fieiich 
JlnfliLplce^ throughout India j and 
'i?OT'aii\ equitable distribution of 
pbWi^r, 'VHiich has secur^dj on a 
tirrxi^tws, the invakuible blcs.<,ings 
■rf'p^aCe 'to tlie whole Periinbula 

We further beg leave to request^ 

that jou will have t|^e goodness to 

l^xjrreMi to his excfeHJency,' our most 

mdW coiicurrfence fri the rcsolu- 

' ti(jirf oiP llie British^ fnha1>i^auts of 

v^ich are connecled 



'iWAlhelifebJ^a o/^ tWyaliaress. 

' '"■^*a>to4be liortoi^t^'W bd; . '^ 

'Wlffi' ffie orreatest'i^ispect, ' ''! 



t: 







^! ffljofe"' fcharlcs Ktian', . G . C. 
;*''%lk 'W/'Ifrazer; Samuel 
^^ I5^ftl/ Ayx/Caixipbell, Os- 
'"'^Uyreharteh; AV; BroNt'nc; 11. - 



Ha&tteg*,, Milt; Mortm,. Ja«^ 
Jteteftby/* EM, ' €ol^brooke^ 
Ja«. Kicol, senior, Richafd 
Orueber, Thomas Harriott, Thos. 
Phillipps, Henry Gibson, ITios^ 
Longv Robert Spottiswobd, Tliofi, 
Jb<!feoA, Wra. Chas. AJstdii; T, 
hawkins, Walter Ha wk«,W^ 
E. Rees, J. H. Stacey, . A 7 Cock- 
burn, J. P. Larkins, O. P. Ric- 
ketts, H. Batson, 'J, Sti^wart, 
Jas Mac Nabb, Ed. Baniett, C. 
Pattoon, T. S. Warhara; D. 
Taughari Kerin, jr * FulWtou, 
Chas. Boddam, Jno; Mfllei-, R. 
Martin, Rob. Linlond, W. Ran- 
ken, W. Iraics, A. Tufton; Eras. 
Gillanders, W. M.'Bakefr, Tlios. 
Hoft, Wm. Midwintei'; Chr. 
Gale/ R. Hi CuhtifFe, Greg. 

'Hicldnan, Saml. Nesfbitt, Jno. 
Cheese, rient. Johh Gabb, lieut, 
PredeHek Hanham, H, B. Pal- 

' met, G'. Avelihe, B. Roberts, 
W. H: Cobpet, SamI: ChiJl, 
Joseph Bevick, Johh Map 
Donald, Henry Hill, John 

■ Gbodall, J. HaycH, Wm.'Cow- 
ell, Thos^ Twining, R. 7. Po<v- 
ell, Edw. Watson. A. Grindall, 
George C. JuHus, James Gibbon, 
James Nicol, John Patch, A. 
M. WiHock, C. Tower, Hu. 
Stafford, cal.cotng, Jas. Maxwell, 

'. ^afiJaiiir Wrt. Dick, eap4ain, 
Qed. M^at, indigo planter; H. 
J^BbutfloMer, mssuH suM, Sir 

.A. 8ett€«i. J. lattaiy, H.-Wil- 
; kinson, W. Patdd;. G. Neville 

>. Wyatt;. J.. Oibb, E. Wyatt, 

. Wfi?:. .Boady H. P^ks, Rich- 

.flrd^6h Putves, John-Purves, 

R. Pbdire,. Saml. Johnson, J. 

Wi MaCrfei^t^ P» '.K^nan, 

Thos. 'Genfll. ' - '' .. 1i 

Pat&C March H^ HKM. 



^%s!ii^4,^^^^^^ '^c. yc 



b 2 



Havirtg been honwured with his 



excellency 



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id 



-AStAtlC ANKUAL-KfiSKTBR, l»l/ .<' 



tthoftUcttty the most noble the go- 
t'^or^geaeral^s cbmrnand^^ on the 
subject of the letter with wh?ch I 
was favoured by yourself and the 
British fcohabltants of the provioce 
«f Dacc^ I pi-esumA that I cansxA 
possibly obey t!iem better than by 
trmistttittitig iliem to you in his 
excellency's own word*. You will 
t)erceive, from the enclbsed copy 
rf ills excilJency*s letter, the man- 
ner in u'hlcii I executed tJie trust 
irilb which the fientlfenieaof Dacca 
weiepleued to nouour me. 

I have the hohour to bis, with 
the greatest consideratiou^ 

• Sir, ' 
* Your most obedient, atid most 
• hunjble servant, 

(Signed) P. S^ekb. 
Calcutta/ hi\yj, ift04, 

io C. XVtt/ifi^, Es^, in the same 
{erms, 

'Peter Spefte, £«^. tsfc: Wc. ftfc. 
: '^ 8lr, ^ 

• F have th0' honour to acAnow- 
1 ledge the receipt of your letter, 
t'^atfedthfe nth April, )8(H. 

1st. A letter fronv Shearman 
vBiW; Bfi^J. senior - judge of the 
'^jrottacial couH of appeal, md 
' frcm ihe British tohabhanti a£ the 

• -City of Dacca aftd it* emrlrons. 

^ 3d. A letterfrom Cltristot>her 

• Keating, Esq. senior judge of the 
provincial tourt of aj^eai» and 

' ft6m the British inhabitants of the 

• prtwitifce of B^harl 

- 3Jrf. A lett«r from Christopher 

r*W'*niriE*«rv 
vh^. *fh&B(att of my he^th fbrimne 

- tlth6f)aKt» and^tbe severe pmssure 
* '4f^bKc biriines«;'bayt^pf€Tcriled 
-m^ 4^911 vetunaiing a moteiasason- 
alittf'MtiMiwled^emo^tiie iiop^ur 
cQnV4(y4d >to 4ne by^ tbes^ vbighly 
•ati^iTictoTy documents. 



I request yon to co n ^mn p i ca tfii 
wi|h evcr^- expression of, gratitode 
and respect < to the gentlen^ea-wba 
have addresa^d me on this occask^ 
my siiKcre and cordial thanks for 
the public testimony which they 
have been pleased toalfbrdnf rbeir 
Concurrence in the seiUim«nts^of 
the Briti^ inhabitants of CakfUta, 
no thevsul^eot a( the late war apd 
peice fa India* ^ ,, • 

I have the honour to be» with 
the greatest respect and e^teati^ 
Sir, ' I' 

Your iaithfel sdtv'nnf, . t - 
(Signed) ' Wihv^^^r. 

Foit Wi^if^%,JulY^ J.,. 
The pbhlic rec^^tion of the ail- 
dresses from Madras and rBoipby 
took pl*:e at tfaegoversment^iou^ 
this^y. J '. .^t. 

On this odcasiibn the govercot- 
geuefal'^ honorary; .guard v^zb r^ 
inibrced by a daptain'i ^oard witih 
a colour. A detk^hnrept of.the 
goAfernotvgebbraTs bcidy guard :aUo 
paraded to the northiitod df the 
government house.' . ;>. :'T 

At nine o*clock in the morning, 
one of. the governor ^6eral*3 car- 
ria^^ u'ith captain B. Sydeoham, 
(Aide^dM^aihp) proce^jcd |tOxW 
fort> to eonchict nqajor^gehesal 
DowdeswcU to the igovemoMDi 
houae. ■ ■' • } ^ 1 r.:t 

At ibe sarioe hQiu*> aa^lh^r jdnr- 

liage of. the gototinor-geni^cairs, 

with capt. Bristow,(Aidi>dcr<!ainp, 

pmbe^ed to th^ kooaex^impffd by 

lientpnatiirglop^ Woodic^gtoo^to 

ooudnct that titfiber lut theigjovean- 

: meiiti»bae:-V :- brrfmi 

' iGn^ttotf: arrival ^t ^ .^Msfn- 

' 'meBihnOBe^i'majoivgoni Dawdes- 

. weU and li^iltenant^c^lMMl VScod- 

: 4ngtd»rwsre reoeivjsd nby «^!ii|Lin 

:• Annsti)6iBg,niUthry^«^t«ryi).'«ad 

it>^ (n|2ta^Rits(^ A4ii»^)dQ-Ci(i9^Tto 

the govemoT-gefttraU afti^ tUt^c 

imme* 



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BEKC^ QQtmam^X^ f(i9, JVXYjnfjM. 



^. 



. io^AD^kt^ cdfKteKted *tp the 
oMikil di^mb^. The gtiai^s te^ 
fi|Kt>€^ major-geBeral Dow^eswdl 
anA iieutenaxJt-coioflelWoodlDgtoiiv 
11-Rb mHiury iM)iioursy -as they 
f|as6edivith theaddreMes^ - ■ ^ 
' 1%^ honora^^ chief jusftksei 
Remembers oif oouncily ifaejuc^ 
of rhe stif^me couft, majot^n* 
€anttt)D/«Dd ih^ staflT of Fort. 
W^dliam» and the prmdpdt iDbat 
%itaDts of C^ctitte, "Wtre pi^nt 
OD tlraoocasieh*.' ^ 

Major-general Dowdefiwell and 
lieuteoant-cioh Woodingtbu bieing 
fleversQIy kkroduoed by capt. Arm- 
strong^ to the -governor-general, 
p»stQ(ed the addresses from the 
«sttlemeot3Jaf>Iadcas^uid Bombay 
tmptd^vd^ aedieceisBd the writ- 
teoiittiswera of the gQisefaor-^eiie- 
ral, which tliey were desired by 
hisCTodlenby, c(witk' suitable ex- 
preB&an£'Of<9ati5&otion> at tke re-r 
deeptiOBof dbe addresses, through 
>adi ■ rea pe ot abk i>atids) to transmit 
|odken^LhQn.1ord iVViUiam Ben- 
dtu2k, iamd'fio the.boiu Jonathan 
Duncan, esq. 

j^Tks^evee tiieacDnamenced, and 

iMntiimed fcr^ap liour, M^faen the 

witNdor^ederaL ^inedy aod the 

it^sttpkof tnBmx:0i|dacted to a cold 

• €o8a|io»;kpvepaiied.iii the souti>- 

J'««afeiwii^. ...After tbo- ptiesciita- 

tion of the addresses, the bnodaof 

*ttbe igatmmaihffitesai^ iooA i^ his 

^iin^»Mp*« J Jfed^J:egilnea^ |>la)red 

'<d biM|4faioaBenii|^f a ognnd idinaer . 
o}ira»|)imaf^ ^be^tordaiBi^lioUse, 
-iJ>rta|porig^eqd J)o»di^tyell^ ■ and . 
lieutenant-colonel Woadiiigtofi^at 
'ilBlfkjIi wereiijpciKeBtntlieclifflidrable . 
-c^ijlefawCioe^JtheJiiiecbbefsr cf s 

^^fk|ttie<^oulPtV'^tbei pimcipfdi^GiYil- 
Nlid^Oii^taiBy voOidefs, estadcnedi a^: 
o^^i/mfthsAesk^^ aaHdSoi7Cftf&A|a,v 

oiomi 



• Madras, rj. 

ist-T^Letterfromribe ri^tj hotti 
lord W^ Bcjttinck to the govjernop** 

Ta his exceilency ths mo&t nahU tl» 
\ marnuis JVmesif^, K, P, f^c - ; 

MYLomx), 
- I have the honour of trammiih 
ting toyow osceUeucy, by majwh 
genejtal Dowdesw/eU,.^ the add^eif^ 
of the inhabitants of this setltqptoeo^f 
vpon the ipkndid terminarcion of 
the Mahratta w^r. 

I feel it to be almost superflu- 
ous to express "m^ entire concur-i 
rence in the iiontiments of that; 
Qieeting. J^ au JBnglishman, I 
must admire, and be gmtefiil to t|ie 
men, who have mised my country 
to so high^ pi tell of pt^ospprky an4 

Extending, however, the view 
beyond the immediate prospect of 
oar own national advants^es, it is 
most pleasing le reflect, that the 
temdk of thtsrwar ftibid»a*tope of 
eqtial benefit to ibe great^ m^kss of 
the people, whosf^ rulers ^vebeoo 
ooiKpieredi« 

If the anaaU^of Indian bisfiofy 
me teincedi and more particp- 
larly tbe. enootft of later yeai»,'<k 
will beif^d that tbiy vast peftin- 
•Ulai^^^esenteii qoer.coniipued 
aceneofanaxoby and misery . COf>> 
staot mrohitions, without, ^v^D' a 
|M:ale&se^r,)ig^tin»$Ue ic^jectj We 
succeeded each oibpr. , ) Wart pf 
gqfStaodp^l^chiqftaiA^, .Mwar- 
xanted in their origi^ wsA iwpt%>i- 
jei^lfd}iil;tbc^^30|i4i^ct>.iQr4t]dl? sole 
aif^ of lulDbeKJF: and ploo^eCibfl^e 
^lapcfWatad ani^.laid j/wds^etch^ 
^gjmitii.fAcaof tkaMmoim^ ^m^ 

*b3 \s:u^..>ilrr<r>^-^T^ 



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mAi^jmif^'rm^^. ^w-^^ 



where apgear]i!| relittpt^ tnj^ *^^"*^ 
iancholy piclure^ ^ i' • t\ 

^ Happily ,.,a. period Ifas arrived td; ' 
these harb2tJ*ou*, excesses. For the 
fij-st time 4 tfte' blessings of univer- 
sal traiiquillijy niay be expected. 
Ttafsyslempf India, which coold 
cohiprehtnd in one Loud of mutital 
defence^ and reciprocal forbearance,' 
the predatoi;-/ chiefs of tliis great. 
cmpirCj, deserves the admiration of 
all the civilized world. "That sys-' 
tern, orie of the noblest efibj'ts of 
the wisdpn^ and patriotism of a sub- 
ject, which hai founded British' 
greatness upon Indian happincls, 
demands, in a particular iniumer, 
the thanks and applause of his* 
country. 

I have the honourlo be; xvitlfthe' 

Your Lordhhip s most obedieht^'^^^* 

And faithful servant, -"^"^ 

(Signed) \V. BEN:^i:*tK. 

FortSt. Geofge, Mav2, - • 

1804. 

2d.-*Add^^'6'om tli^ teftUemeat 

'-••-..1^ Madras*' - •> -^. •- ■ 

To his excelknn/''th^ "wost n oh J is 
^ kkhard, }nar(/mtPe'ti&ffe^;K. 1/^. 

iNlny it please your^E^tdiency; ^'^ 
We, the undcr-iigned BfiKsli ifi- 
inhabitants of the Seftleifl&h^ "^cjf 
Madras, impressed ' wifb 'VlcWt 
%ensa of the fefgnar ben^fitfe^ vmi^ 
have resulted from the btlftttrtt^iC- 
t*s8 of ihe lal^ 'NvAi^, ag^bsf 'the 
tonfedert'ted pt^eti^ of Ifc^^^fiiVi. 
tAtta enipii^, Doxi^nl|Rao;Scii^aii 
find tire rajah' dflW'^'; 'aiid' ^f?oib 
'the glorious tcmii!fattt5t< '6f^tr<^t 
contest, have 'the 'boh6tit-^t<y'Sp- 
•prdach your excellency 'WlrtTbtlt 
•unfeigned congratulation s,bii evenfe 
which have raised the splendor arid 
Rtiomn of the Btitijjb ' arms and 




'rfk &rty period['^ry<5uf^^> 
ceilenc^-s'miintsb^ticiri' b^e^=^^ 
atetfs gf-lii'dia/tee inhabibffits'^^if'^ 




jjidtt t|ie feiAds df a11,^by tbe 
ddm^ enei-gy,''Wd''sdccess>ife^nffi'^ 
ftsted in the measures which le^^jtb"^ 
the subjn^alibn of the French fac- 
tion in the Dcccan; jand to the rhe-^ 
niorable cbnquesjt of the Mysore; ki'' 
cpn\-ey tli'e tribn te of the? r tbngra- * 
tuhtionsou thedistlnguTshed events^ 
which marked the commei^ceifient* 
of your eicellency^'s' govcnimelii:. -• - 
■ Wheii ynuV ex^j^liertq' assvtrtit*(i' 
th{? supreme 'iitltti6ri t V h(\ ndirt ]' Wt? 
saw the teititories 'Of'thfe Brltistr 
nation surrdarided and rtienhced b^ 
formidable enemit.'.^, and li'^Jr -in-^ 
ferest's supported hy prccariouV and 
doubtful aninnc'^s. ■ But in ^ tli^ 
contiasf of die ptdsent pbttirire bf 
aiTairs wi'tii fbe past, Hie ccntem'^ 
plalion of die change must fill 
every British heijrt witli sentiments 
of elevation and thankfulness, lii 
Hie course of six eventful year^i 
\\e have seen the cuiniut-li;! Ms- 
so^e*iebi^ced'V Attf^-^eiltP'^nd 
inveterate enemVi '^ib^^^Uaii-' of 
IVlysore. wtoVt'ilWa the fatt'c^hia 
empif^'V ?e^l^itife tfre ^dertlmcii^ 

of tfe^ilrlHsii' m-i^^Hm^^^ 

arid *e 1^iirtta(W;farin<^W8\«r im 

ttb!smei^Sbbiiekf6n§V^^h«^ 
'^M'ttte ^li^^^i'ft^r^^^'eatlvfe^W 
^l!fife^mii^dfe^«at&r 

%i6mmm^u^^'^^' t© % 

^^t «A^^rt%iJ»fe ^I'otfectfort of 

th^ Brifeshgovemnnent/'obtiwn the 

protection 



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BENGAL O^CVaiUSNC^ F£(a JULY, I9;^. a»^ 



protectioo which he. sougltt^ an4. 
restored to ibe musbud of. his 
anoestors: and we have beheld 
tlie powerful forces with which 
]aour excelleDcy was called upon 
to cOTtcud, in supjport of ' tlje 
jn^^ures, humbled and sub- . 
dued, after a series of triumphs; 
unexampled in the annals of his- 

The cmifidcDce winch we had 
been accustomed to repose in the 
conduct of your excellency's mea- 
sures, had averted much of llie 
anxiety which miglit have been 
entertained at the prospect of en- 
gaging in hostiiiticii vv ith the com- 
bined armies of the Mahratta 
empire : but. unlimited as was our 
cputidencc in tiie wisdom, foresight, 
and energy of your excellency's 
v'ounsels, tiic auspicious conclusion 
Qt that war has surpassed the 
Ifopcs that have been indulged in 
i^e^aost sanguine mind : and when 
it -can scarcely have been known 
i^ Europe, mat the British armies 
hj^ been compelled to engage in 
kosiile operations, victory and 
pcfce have followed a series of 
eyj^is, of H hich tlvc brillmucy can 
flitine be equulied by Uic rapidity 
pf tlipir success iou, 
i \yhite . we. admira Uie wisdom 
jaiid vigour ot ypur xccllencys 
pouDseK|h^ foreseeing the threaien- 
4i^ . di^D^r» and iu seizing the 
|cripca| (fuomeQt of aalon ^ while 
9t^ fflf^«^ with ^ntim^nts which 
ipiut jip^flew JdfCM" uatoepj tp everv 
Jriu)|^-^toiCcl^tHiguib|j€4 generals 
iirb9 J^, pm^. m. amies to \icxosy 
in Hindustau and.Oeccan^ and (lis* 
^ine^ piiQieve/auce, APd valour pf 
die officers aiKitcoopii^ whp have> 
under, yatnr • exccUency*s aospices» 
pertbrny^deed$» which, in heroi^Qi 
and gloVy cannot be surpassed ; w;e 
beg to assure your exceUency, that 
we are not less ImpcesM^d Vr-ith Jcn- 



tinaeot$ of wlnainitioo at the signej 
example of tbrbeKrancid ixA mp^*^ 
dentfiont which jrour eicelleikr^ h^ ' 
manifested to the world, irfistc*-. 
ping the career of victory, at the ] 
moment when the po^^er of our* 
adversaries was tliteatened ^Ith au-' 
nibilatipn, apd in restoHhg pedoe to* 
the empire of India, onfoundattot^^' 
which promise, under the favor of 
Divine Providence, the long and*^ 
undisturbed enjoyment of tliat in- 
valuable blessing. 

In this last great measure of your 
excellency's govemmenf, w'e re- 
oognize, with sentiments of national' 
pride and satisfaction^ a br^ht 'ck'^ 
ample of the operation of th(f ))r^- 
ciples of virtue and justice, WhftW 
have to eminently characterized ybiir 
excellency's administration. Splen- 
did as the success of the Brltfsb 
arms has been, your exoellency.*s 
fame will gather an encreased lustre 
from the inviolable attachment to 
public fiiith, and the disposition to 
cultivate and extend the arts of 
peace, whicli have ibrmed so proud 
and elevated a feature in your ex* 
cellency*s character ; and wh'de the 
conquests which have been atchiev- 
ed under your excellency's guidance 
have been gre^t and important 
beyond former exarhple, the gk>ry 
of those deeds M^ill shine more coiv 
spicuously pre-eminent, from, ydur 
.excellency's humanity ancl miyai- 
.ficence, in softening fhe fallen tor- 
tunes of the y^Kjuished enemies of 
ournntipm , :,. . ' ., J 
. In conveying to your excellency 
ovir ac^owledgejoqei^ts of tl\Q un- 
exampled talent^, .energy and^ .su^* 
cess, with whicl^ die -toreigu * rela- 
tions of tlifi British power in Indja 
bave.undeir yoqr excellenvy's ad- 
ministration been vpbel^f, invigoj^t- 
ed and enlarged ; for the great ness, 
to which the fame of our p<)wer 
has been rai^ abroad ; for 'the 
. * b 4 uprij^htuefcs 



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: ..Svm,, Giumdit, ooknd> G. €L 

. ' 'tfOMi^ d4lh r€gt. R. Ai Mai^ 

' .lani ..Waiter Gr«at, Rkhaid 

•<t.;¥0Uh«ai^ J« Bimiy, J; Bmatofl^ 

nhv^i ftp«btick, Henry . MiMMlb- 

r .stotioJ,. Grants , J. A. Hu«dt^ 
tn Wm«. Douglas firodkv fidwanl 
: >;V<kA «. M. Luahiiigton, Hy. 
r i(WahijBMfllM&»*TbQaKia ChasQ, 
HoWwlCbiiipeiy, Win. Ghafito, 
hcuClurlM £llisyCfQ>t..Sjf Jolitt^ii». 

-> i ^BP^^$ J> GoMmgfaam^ Geo. 

Maidman^ P. Best, capt* CMmng. 

^^^Jftn^^ru^my^ Ma^ Uodgion, 

v.tV&« &.oTottan> Hay ]Vkcd(»»waH, 

bfjy Canapbell* J. Munro^ Rev. 

r . Mf#rli«6lie, Wm, Hart^ G. Tee* 

V> ¥^& Jaw^, P, A. AgDevr> 

/>i J, .M^ck^oe, J. Vani. Agnew, 

-IX, )]Ei4wiird J>epu J. Jp MiUer, Geo. 

^1. H^ J* Ho^^uwn^. Heni^ HeUi 

Yi,.!C' it: Sheert, ;. lwtb,Ju W. 

MiUer> George Jobn&ton> S. H. 

DelanofUfii. 19lt^ N. i^- jRatrick 

Brov7^,.iWfxw A))hott; Richaid 

C. SherwoQdj Adi^ de Fries, 

^T*oWft« ^TM«|it, I Georgftf Lysi 

Y:SP*fflt.O«««"«OD* -Colin Mac- 



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> 'J« FUj^idck, capt. oohangb lat. 
''t>i«Dedr^ R« C. Rdiei UbiMbaa 

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^ i8^as4cMiw Gdo^ Af biiCliiiiK»<Ieo. 

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Jfdtimte^, Idxftte. Frittskavlttat. 
art John Lbd47»%. isy^fato. 
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H. Templey-nlahn Hnster, £. 

)JB»pndv< S.H. S^^^etewa^ 

» Aiecv oBoixiwfl, A. M^RiOzie 

. :Ji TtUdk^Edi Om») tkchmish, 

Polack» Thomas Hickey^^^Mttoea 

Disney, Wmr -Faurre, J. W. 

MakolaH M^wSdfouiS Wa. 

Hdrsmdn, J; Lotie,iH^itt; mik. J. 

Long, for cdond iTornMis, J. 

Turaer, lieateagm^ 4^^&m K. 

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Fatte68id;.Jas.'JlnddboD^iF(.itf. 

F.iW. Ellis, J. K. LaM^^t. 

LXiRAebooky'R.nM. JLqeiv4ha|4ain^ 

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TmJUi7: fiiGteri,^^J«to^Oitdie» 
Edward 



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•> 



b£kTtoi»haf(^>,^&« .G^waofc .Geo. 
.odBooftoa; HulR* Wf^tii. Cba. 

,tcSfh»oeU, Tbds H^irth, W. 

:;:,Hunlj» f9fc;WlnOJVfafito<fl> W. 
n-:Opwfcs5?feU::foi?tGiwi.TW«5COtt, 

, ir.A}w<,Gs^CM>^i»j Jia^ W.att$* Ed, 
)i Mms fdf^CittiM Rk^kcl«» Devid 
iotSi»yvii€reci^ Jlodpw, . W^bb 
.fl*px^f£4waid.)M5eod fat A«- 
3i.^««is..::jn^er; Oajor John 
(TH4)teMmj for Ihwid €odkburD> 

SJi^TTTjUtt^^roxti tbc gwonwri|;c- 
ii^09{|li/to Abe , tights bonottcabk, 
;iJ«il.Wil]ttixD C^QUcfishi Ben- 

}illlt)m^^ledg^ wiih seoiiaKnts 
^9iJb9fM09fc€Gtmi s^ktiBfaotiiOa and 
^tj^«^ tbefbcMpor of yoor lord- 
nM^i'il jJktter, xipeivri. br. major 
.g^^^^^^^^^i tOgeiW^with 
.lke..i|d4aMi.rf> tijEe BtaUb iaha- 
.tttai4^ro«f ilbe...leUfeeQeiiC: of 

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l9^fVi£ ^clL I >»m'tiic|iiekted 
M|^^;206««Mtftl: SoWdcMW^id tx^ns- 
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johainpw) «if;t)ift mtotio^^lvfiich* 
^'^(fUMio^^CkMbed/iivn^^^tf pbbiic 

,9iJ»r'ie«iiA)g,irQDljJ»u^iJaifehip 



tbfi^Een^mifeMd HMnd«apM0la|i| 

sheata pf tha>^Htff»rtiig> I^on big M > 
lenkJe ^ of "die encieaittd- hamv 
ooonrejcd to me >y icfae additkni df t 
tedtimaDy^ equally d'rfatrttiste^afii 
Nspecubi^ : the public scHrtiiiwttlity 
wJmii 'Accompany ihistesiimMrf 
of your lordship^ iinroi«bU.43pioUKS 
considerably . enhance its irofori' 
MiODe wAdyaihe ib my egtk n a t loii,^>^ 
1 Ygur Ibrdtfhip has been pleised 
ta deriya your approbatfoaof ^my 
cdndoct^ from the gmutna ]tf itici« 
ple943f British justice, public ftlth^ 
hoBiaa'tty, and beoev(4eho^ ^Ap^ 
poobation, pnxeeding torn lucfa t 
40oice moat be estecenaed ^nbng 
^ most honorable rewaMla/w&ich 
ptsblic tervioe can receive. The 
egiAi of your lardihipT^ seiKiaNMs* 
the mti^riiy, zeal, judgment, and 
jfinnness, whidi you have iUr^j 
^mami&steain contributing to main- 
tatn the prosperity and^lo^.of bur 
country m India, aSord a coidBdent 
cxpectatien, that the coum^'' of 
yoer loixlship*d admaniiftracibn'^ill 
psomete the public prnx^plel w&icb 
you hare applauded, and tha( ^ur 
conduct and example Will- add 
'stabihty, energy, and vigour to ^the 
fffstem of policy^ which you &ave 
pppreved. '- 

It wili be the pridefind happi^eM 
of m^ lt& to facilitate the pirofresa 
of your lordsihip's pot»Kc ipliit'^nd 
virtue,* atkl to be assbcluad'WiA 
jomc^lordihip in the completidfi of 
every public measiare> c^^rtilated to 
extend the* feme and p4>#ef 'bf^oor 
.conhtiy id ^ India^ upon the ioVA 
Ibundations of general tr;iiiqu«\lit|r 
hhd order. - ' ^' 

J have'the honor* to hHy 
' . . With great rekpeet;- ^-^ 
. 1 My Lord^ 
, / Yparlofdshfp'iifaitiilWlcirvt 
- /K ..'(Signed) WgU;,fi6IJEY. 
,»)iX;Waii]ta, Jttfji ctiBtto. . 

4th. — ^An iwer 



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/^iATlC? ANJSUAV: RBGIBTBR.. IW^ 



4tb.— 'Ajsswerto the ^ddt^s firom 
,; ^e Settlenaent of Mtidra«. 
f^ ' 6endeoaen> 

f Itie Briligfa, inhabitants 6f tho 
^ttlemeat of Madras, are entitled 
to the most puWic demonstratioo of. 
my sincere gratitude and respect. 

The zealous, and honorable sup- 
port^ which I rctjeired fix>ro Jort 
St. Geoj^e at tfad commervcenlent 
of my administration, constituted 
an efficlcaot cause of the succ^s'of 
our counsels and arms, in augment- 
ing the glory and power of our 
counti^, by the seasonaUe restora- 
tion ot our atUahces in the Deccan, 
by the splendid and auspicious con- 
quest of Mysore, and by the happy 
settlem^t of that valuable lung- 
. dom. 

The recollection of those me- 
morable transactions Is indeltbty 
fixed in my mind : at this distance 
of time, I reflect with increasing 
pl<*asurc, upon the splendid series 
of events which terminated in the 
prosperous settlement of Mysore, 
and established the main founda^^ 
tions vd our glorious success in the 
late contest with the Marhatta 
power. • Our recent triumphs 
therefore have revived and con- 
ftrmed my grateful remembnmce 
©f the useful assistance which I 
received during the critical perit»d 
of my residence upon the coast of 
Coromandel, from the loyalty, pubi- 
fie -spirit, active 2eal, and ekninent 
tbility, whidi characterire the 
eivrl and military service, and the 
EfftiMh inhabitants of Madras. 
• Tlxe success of our military 
operAiion^ in^e Deccan, durihg 
tlie war with the Marhatta confe* 
deratesg was essentially promoted by 
tlie contimtonce of the same happy 
spirit of concord and onion vhich 
aiiimadied tlie condtict of tjife govern- 
ment and' of- the settlen^eut of 



Madraj, tluriflg the ton^t ^rilh:. 
the hwtile power of My^iDre*! 1 :, 
Ufidfer ihese ch:coacistaq€Oi,it i5;^ 
highly-satis&ttory io^.tne to «oeiyiSq 
thisdtstinguisbed mack of tbeck^C^ 
tlnuedHOootidence and esleomidfLa > 
settlement: which hds ab»oda«l%v 
supplied thie mbans aiidii)»lriao)eQM} 
of the !tuaa0ss of my adibinistEard 
tiaquiti eve9c^ exigency «f<iifii<iotoi 
or danger? aaidi I accept^. Mmk*. 
particular ^eJteiuieir..^he'(ordiaLi««i-?7 
surance of yobrt«rc>icip8tio^<mrA«a 
exalted sentiraentsof nutionill glof|i«t 
inspired by tho.iliia^^ioiUi. ftcbietofr^ 
ments of our gene^-ab^ offioersi aD4r> 
troops, during thd .waf,£'l»d/ JijBr 
the principiet of Brtfiih v ni|tt<»Q' 
humanity, and JKsnorj . whicb ihanicq 
regulated '^thef cbnditioDt of itbii! 
peace. -: . '.: " ^i'?'*.' jn.,! li^H? 
, The wdfareof eicbt>fi'th(6c^prfer/ 
sidencies if eqoaUy the. ah&btodi 
object of my rolicitude aradnie^y. 
Under the advantages of restored 
peace, X shaH conthnVe to aptfj^'iSiy 
dHigtjnt* attention to tB6 kni6fSnt 
purpose of extending throti§^nut 
this empire, every pmctioahto imw 
provement in the iutcrnaJ *4inbT)s- 
tration of public aftiiw. ' Jit r|he 
pr(^ess of- this sahitary ^olfl, ,1* 
ct)niemplate tlie risitlg prospeVit^of 
the great jicttlemei^ (^ W^afli^s 
with peculiai* interest «ud.|a^«|fiicw 
tion. - During the? corset f>f' X^f 
administrajtioti, extensive^ "v^^^^fM^ 
and populoas provinces iA0T^ ^li^^ 
added to tlie govemtpenfc ofi irtft 
Fort St. Gqorge \ its impoirtaiKe^lli: 
the general scale of the «B}p}re.Ji^ 
been considembly eiwr^e^rj; J|lt/ 
military, financial, j«w4 cpiijwwisSp^. 
resoitfc0S aogmenred dud ln>pr^\^ii 
and its extenwA se^mrtt)- ftrtnl^, ^ 
tabllshed, under a system 0f f<^]^ 
relati(}if.s, i ca^culat^d to pt^te^rt 
peatiofp! ind^ViJtry, "to «herid^ l^w 
growth of ^*ate propqctyi ^o^^'pt^ 



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^tJ 



BENGAL OeCORHESCES FOR 'JULYi IfltW. 



^ 



iirtk«a]:«9Mlh; ibdto 'strengthen' 
atxd conwIidAe 'the powei^ of the' 
gMdmitt^t, bf the geneml hap^ 
[^tibift^ftd welfare pf theipeeple. ' 

-fSlse^tfiiidteble jei^metm "which 
yed^bave ^jcpfetced in -this address^ 
coi(^bNi0d-witl^ini)^ coDfideiice in 
tb^i^mitp^ctable andr hbnbcirabJe 
handt which adminliler the ]n- 
tetlWit^^diiKilrs of Fort ^ George^ 
atfhftd a^ ;finif Expectation, that, 
whftdf jiuti^ey public Mb, superior. 
gtnhigth, ni4 imriviMed mtlitary 
ik«ie> ^haU wcure the ;Rmihh em- 
pire if) InAa ' against ihe 2U»saatts 
ojF 3oar«ndR)iea,' the provinces sul>~ 
j«t tA the ijresidency. of Fort St. 
Geor^^ wUl paftakiB o£ t)ie general 
pr^spetity in a p r upo jlk mradequate to 
their extent .and importance, to 
their nonierons population, ' to their 
vahiable ihtrinxic resources, aiid to 
their advantageous local position. 

. (Signed) Welleslht. 

thcuments connected with the j4d^ 
. dresf \finxin. the Settlement of 
t Bombay. — ^ — 

l$t. Letter from the honourable 
Jonathan Duncan, esq. to the 
Governor-general. 
To His Excellency the Most Nolle 
lUchard, Marquis JFdlcsl*^, 
K. p. Oovernor^general, ^c. 
My LbiD, Fort JVilllam. 

' -I hkvetheiionour to adviie your 
exc^lkttc^, that several of the prin- 
tflpd^ Brit^ inhabitants of tliis 
ieillduerit) bMTing on the 13 th of 
Jtist maMi flppKed to the ^eriff 
t4> tc^veae a general meeting to 
cdnsidfer^^K'address to yourex- 
(felldacyi'ott tlie subject of tlie late 
happfUimlnAtion of IxKtilities in 
It/^i Mr. Nashi (fee' sheriff, ap- 
pointed thia meeting to take place 
da Tl^ursday, 'the 23d of March, 
at 'the hall of the office of police, 
where; having opened the business 
of 'the day, and, !Mr. Ilenshaw 



having been requested To tsakcr thtf 
chdir, a cooimltte^ was, afler a Very 
eloquent and impreseiTe speech 
ftom Mr, Thrtepland, appointed 
to prepare art address • ccnsl^j* 
c^* the following gentlecnen. - ' t 

Kobert HenBhaw, esr^. 

Rpbert Ai>derson, esq. 
" Major-general John Bellasif;, ' " ' 

Major-general Richard Jonei^, * ^ 

Helenus Scott, esq. 

Lieut, coi. Watson, 75th regi-' 
ment. 

Jame* AupfUstus Grantj esq; . 

Simon HaJliday, e^q. 

S. M. Thrieplawl, esq. 

Wiiliam Dowdeweli, esq. 

William Kennedy, esq. 

Charles Forbes, esq. and * ■ 

Pauick Hadow, esq. 

These gentlemen having drawn 
lip the for 111 of an address, it was^ « 
in due course approved of, an<f 
signed by the civil servants, the 
military and marine officers, the' 
clergy, the gentlemen of the pro- 
fessions of law and physic, the' 
merchants, and other classes of our 
inhabitant? ; in which state the 
committee waited upon me with it,' 
on tlie Gth instant, requesiting that 
I would forward it to your excel- 
lency, in such manner as I should 
think pro[>er -, and colonel Wood- 
ington having offered his services, 
and desired to be honoured with' 
the cliarge of this cordial and sin J 
cere expression of the sciUimentf 
of the settlemetif, on an occasior^ 
no less important tD the interests 
of the uuitt^d kingdom, than ho^ 
nourable and glorious to your fex-. 
cellency's administration ; I have 
with pleasure availed myself of this 
channel of forwarding the present 
Commimication, with the addres?^,' 
tliat it mny be offered to your ex- 
cellency by an officer, who, having 
had opportunities to distinguish 
himself in the course of the gene- 
ral 



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^A$IA3fIC'AN!4eAL«EOI8f£R, 1804. 



ftt^^etvltf^i't^ mt^h ft ttdM, has 
tffeDdi ' ateady attracted the high 
and gratifyiog boAcur of your e%* 
oell^cyVajf^batloa. 

A kfistffaie address has, on the 
pesiHit buty ioteresting occasion^ 
D^aiir^ittdda to the honourable ma- 
jor-generil WelleelCT, by the 
sataar •ii^bitants* of which> and 
of ^die honourable general*s an- 
imti copies are herewith sub- 
mitted for your eicelleoc/s no* 
tice. 

I hate the llionour to be, v^ry 
respectfully, my lord, your lord- 
ship's most obedient humble oer- 



(Sig^ied) J. DuKCAN. 
fiomb^ Castle, 14th April, 1804. 

Qd Address Jrom the settleniait of 

Bombay. 
To His Excellency the Most Nohk 
Mdrquis If^eUesUy, K. P. Go- 
vernor'^ general and Captain-ge- 
• neroi^ Jstc, 
May it please your excellency, 
.. We^ the undersigned British 
subjects, now residing in Bombay, 
b€|g Jeare to o£^r to your excel- 
lency our sincere congratulations 
g>i^ the happy terminaticm of a 
war, distinguished by a succession 
df the most brilliant, rapid, and 
important rictories, over confede- 
tnieA cfateftaint* long versed in the 
pc^tiae tji arms, posses^d of 
jtvery^ advantage which a rast^6upe- 
jjl^y.of Qumbers could afford, in 
la.CQMntry protected by fortresses 
•aif mtt natuml stiength, and with 
fM&^ a fermidiblp ibrce of avtU- 
inrfjWk thetr weeks and in the field, 
raa>^i|sfl»m ambition has seldodn 
•-afisQtiiBiflatBd to disturb, the tran- 
liyUbilUt^ «£ sanounding states, and 
;ffrhick. Aotace eviircea 4he danger 
^irffafiwtfaer .del^jy sod augtn tfut ed 
Athei'dtftottlties: c£ ponediate sHc- 



In estftntriing the cau^ of tliis' 
decisite and unparalleled career, wt4* 
are deeply seAsiWe how much is^ 
due to the giUlant armies ind their 
illustrious leaders, whose perse-^ 
vering aitdour, viewing tiothOig 
done, yfhMit rvij thing great ot 
glorious remained to be accom*^ 
plishedi has ^ft their country ih» 
wish cc^neated with the war ua- 
gratified, nor atiy of. ijfe objeots 
unfulfilled, fiut we cannot forget 
that there is yet a 'superior daina 
to our gratitude on this occasion, 
and wlien we' address your excel- 
lency as the source whence thfe 
high and indelible obligation pro* 
oeeds, we are coviuced we use the 
l^g^i^ of all who are animated 
with zeal for the prosperity of the 
British isle^; and are duty aw)are 
that the proud and commanding 
rank which the British empire oo- 
oupies among ^ natioit^ bf Eu- 
rope, is indissolubly Yxtkhdt v^lt& 
the permanenoeof ita powers eofiL 
sequenoa andauthority, «hnet^tte 
states of Asia^ • '' *' 

That such signal succesa ^culd 
have crowned the ahus Nrf tfto 
cotintry, at a moment of $on^dl 
interest to us all, from the ai^Udiik 
and impoftatit contest whidi idi 
fnveterate enemv has fen^R^ ilt 
home, is an additional i^asdATiSt 
exultation bn this oiccnsSon > *Ui 
when we reflect, that A bWw 
has been struck, in dne'^^awjiWg^^ 
whith destroys ^ laboafi^'feb«b 
of the enemas' insidious pMfcf fii 
tihe PeiMngulfr, andeVei'j ^fer j " 
«>f l-ridia, w^ look In vtfkififlA-' 
former example of k '^*," 
an Obj^ of seK!h 'laslib^'1idB6At 
was th«te.4ultbf so sttort ;^y!ntijgle 
bettdwed on its'irttditun*«tl'^-^'^^~'» 

Th<i fUagtiitude oTMhlt; ifed'^f 
the MarioA^ otb^ advaHta^i I6f fie 
Wdr, Wduld 1ttv<d i«>ite^»tWn^4*-. 
compensed the greatest sacrifices. 

But 



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BENGAL OpCfOTlUEKCBS FOlt .APfftL/1904. 



Bot instead of thQse« we We had 
th» ^atiflfac^n of reoaarking, th^t 
tbeie never was a period in the. hia^ 
lory of Indkij when public credit^ 
the sure ctiterion of public coofit 
4pnce. and ^tnlon, was at a iilgher 
pitchj than when the arjni^ of the 
seven^l presidencies were engaged 
w active operations j s^yA the fate 
of tht contest , was a« yet the 
subject of hppe alone : but hope^ 
confirmed by the iospirij^ recofc- 
kctko of/4^ paat, and a know« 
]e4ge that t!ie sami^ vigorous and 
enlightcoetl :A:o;m$,eI« which pre* 
&tdvx\ over the campaign of ^ly.'-orQ, 
siiU r«igi>e4 in tho cabinet^ wliile 
he^ts which the same ui*daunted 
Ralopr flaima'^dy beat h^h .for 
^vi glory ia tbi; JieJd* 
. ,Hjfcd yte no ^W meaiis of estl- 
p)rtli»g..ihti exfeeat 2|u4 value of the 
obiig»tk«i which J[our excellency** 
ipe^ipmblie administration of their 
affairs has con&cred pn the bo- 
iiouraWe Cowip^nyj Uiis striking 
omtrast^ to the es^perlence of for- 
mer times, when the hpur of vic- 
iti^ry v^s, sometiff)^ marked with 
^ same, financial embarrasmexvt 
li^jdepression which jiggravated 
ij^jpoment 9f defeat, wotddiUeU* 
,^ ^pfficient for thai purpose. Avid 
jVtpG Jthe ,9lose of that, . spl^KJlid ad- 
j^m$tratk>n arrives^ the loss to 
^ti^h Indi4 will only . be ^Uevl- 
'Mi by reflecting, that, whatever 
,|i esseiitlal to the: permanence of 
'#^rosperiiyj thj? iKabiUty of its 
apd :&^ fame of itsanl»3« 
jalfeady be^n a<?copi^jhed ; 
S^l sufficient pi^s© \vi8 belopg 
^jA ftbosf^ who ^ucqepd . to the ma- 
>IMgefn«nt9f afi^ifs, jf ^y main- 
-Iwirlbo sy^S^m ^vhipb , Aipy .'fifni 
^wltshedi'prtsc^ve (be ,eiG»^atioti 
^9f^i^ tim notieprf i^^fffiG^ti has 
ifiyqy W)tfcerf^.:^(Q<jaM# ^«4F«^W»t 
<|ke-i^lvftl oC dai^riwhieh.jfour 



exceUenojF bat bjb^artd^ ^tU) jnfih 

sipial wd eooipleatf.-.aQOpeKbt.'^ 

avert^andto subdtt^. . :,.,it ^-s 

We have the honor to b^* . . . ^ , 

With the greatest respect, a' 

May it please yo\irexcelieo^j>- ^ 

Your excellency*^ most ofedtfUti 

humble serrant^j '^' 

(Signed) ' B.HMSBAWi 

And 123 other British Jnbabifaott* 

B<;inbay^22d March, 1804. " - 

Zd ylddress from the Settlement af 

Bomhati t0 major^enif^ U^A* 

Usky^ .... 

To Major Gennal the HonouvMt 

Arthur fFellesley, tsfc. tsfc. 

SIR, • i 

We might be justly deemed in- 
lensible to the signal benefits Which 
your late brilliant career has con- 
ferred upon your country, if wte 
did not avail ourselves of tb^ op* 
porttmity which vourttnnporBryj^- 
sidence in this island affords, to ex- 
press the high sense Kie en^U&lk 
of your memorable and impol^ant 
services. * : '», 

To you^ Sir, in an enuiieiit if^ 
gree» are owing, not onlr the 4tn^ 
inense advantages re5«:4ting'^Q||| 
successful campaign in th^ DecClK 
but, tliose having been attnndd, 
the blessing of an early pdace in 
Ihdia. l^e enemv*^ systemattt 
inclinatton for desnltdry smd' pro- 
tracted war&re, was met onrydur 
part, aaitlikewiiewas^witbrj^qfed 
«iie!rgy and succeis in^'amf^itfr 
quarter, by a xtrise andj^^sdiam He* 
solution to br^g'a^ibirs.to aF sp00^ 
hi well as docions nsner'iuk^tidb 
iiat£h& of Assye/ iMiicbi~titof)Sayittl 
-boitr jftttly ^otk MM QdtAicndinl- 
ifdan^ vak)uc afjouTi tlM|^ l^aifd 
.tkketes^i'x^DXttg/B,^ «Mir>di6ndbcj(['«f 
r«tevyr<Ace^ vnider ^r vottMdaM, 
stru^-^ damp dn tiss^bqiftfef^fbe 
advetbe po\yer9, which may altcxnst 

be 



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M 



ASLillC /AMNUIM/ WB^KiXli, l€if¥. 



,kiei«ii^ tpkavjedtctdedtb^^te of 
ii»e campaigq. 

But U U oot in your military ea- 
r^r abn#t tliat we have observed 
Um; e^ts oif an active, ablei and 
4et^min«Ml inind, iW di^Bouk 
jnpgociaUoQs which you canried on 
yiitk two hostile powers, wbile« at 
the s:ima moroenti your attention 
w^s occupied by the operations of 
theiield^ do the greatest bouor tp 
your talents as a <>tatesnun« and 
display a happy union of political 
^killj aiKl. military science. 

Your victories have taken place 
iu our neighbourhood j they im 
^mediately aflee.t our future interestt , 
and are ijuiniately connected with 
:OUr pre:>ent prosperity. 'Iliey lay 
tl\e. (cHuidauun of a peace to usj 
and our successors, which is. up 
longer likely to be uiterrupted by 
the feuds and combinations of a 
Mahfatta aristocracy. Tliey open 
to tlie tlade, and to the jlndustry of 
Bon\t^yi the ports of an extensive 
and populous country, , ^ 

^ iJnaer these ci rcumstances, when 
assembled to ex[)ress our gratitude 
towards yoi,ir Noble and Illustrious 
"Relative, we shouldhave f^lt our 
dirty inly half discharged, if \Ve 
4^ omitted tliis tribute of inspect 
.tn one,' who is so justly dear tohira, 
and uuder whose ai^^ces the 
troops of every descriptioo have 
^ih^^Vft tiiemsalves >vortiiy pf such 
a,]^(leri and ^f their formejr re- 

^ ^:.>Vfi h%\^^ thp/jioqor to te^ . ^ 

Ypifj.ohedignt humble seryapts, 
^XSig^dj,. ^iRo»«,U7Ji»;is^/i,>v. 
, ; tAiid byll^a 9ther,Britij»]i; ,.j 






■jUi t.\l iu i- 



■J.>IJ.^^1 .,c 



. Setilement^: JBomb^i^ r-j i^ii^ 

The approbation of this %»|^ 
tpent is a distinction wl4ch,)f^i;9& 
fbrd a permaiwiit source pS f^^r 
ca^!o» to ipy mi9^ ; ,and i iw©ivsC» 
with a high senfe of cesp^ci;>:.^ 
hoQor a)i|[¥eyed to lue by y^oiir adr 
dress. - ^ ,/ i . "ej^c: 

The evaots whiph prQeed0d.4te 
'war^ arc^ off a oat^im to <M>M«^(ffiM^ 
^he justice^ our c^n^^ whife.-(t^ 
forbearai;ice:^>Vith yrhick^.Piitigp 
government refrained fro«jk ^ib^ 
coQfest, is calfp^lated tp. i^aDtfest 
that the egiqifp^^taUi qi^ ^m \ii^ 
tary,equii«ieiu wa9,fiirc?tMl<Dtilte 
preserx-artMOfW pcMft,, ^^d.^MMtr 
put wilt: tl^^ grincipies p^ m^^i^ 
feAsive. ppi3ifi)f..7iTJ)e,[g9s^peeh«>r 
wye pbfi «^.op^tk)p§i%i4j* i»Mh 
duct, of *e tm.Nf^ i*f5Wrt|Bd:jtij 
the.exteivt.ofc (m-,^^imfm^h.9f4 

power ot^fi^jivmm \J^\t^ 

^'^^Ji^ff5^?#»fiPc§.flnflMiHit-p«- 
*ented. ji ;^.<atnp^ cap^iw^oC^ **f 
P^yinar;?^ 9P^.t|l« Bic^rfif*«wW 

objects pf :mili*wy fiJ9i3r«j»n4 :««**- 
stentive; grbolf ^ ^f 4h^ , |?wg<ftlg 
wisdohi,of ,the Bi)4§h: .Qpm^- 
To ^.Wffli?dj.lP 8^^ft?P?|i^>vas 
an object.iwprrtly, 9^,^192 Wgh^t 
ambltioj^,.^. 0^..:f»»k^npiAliM^' 
wh|cji pUpgd i.^^ [c}j]ifif^ .(rfn^JllP 
f ™y. vu|% (fly a?iiwaa?^d^>ngWrf 
»e-.^>apifeffat^ ^e. :fieRww«it 
caiujes .<tf.4?uri8uixcajj an4iflWf«|, 
*P ;the .^W4*ejj'^4^rap^het5jf ^ 

. z^W.%P^Wtfif^ 
M"«*9^.#eQtf Q^<fr,fi^i<^^ 

Under the effects of those.^- 
L^ip/^yi^t;Sl^;/tri;K)i^4^p^ 



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EEWMLfODGaSXEVBfaSMKSi 0TtfLV'^lS04, 



M 



that support, ivhkb* tiifey^ A^i^e des- 
tined by the goveittdr ^^*<*m! to 
dfofti/to .(lie opewnyia bf the 
tteitititaride^iti''«hief. And; whrifc 
tto? fraiid afihy, UtfdeT MhI fejfctef- 
Jettcy*» fcimediate cfoihtti&nd, de* 
ejded the war in Hflndiistirti, by the 
ttao^'Wjjki cared? df "Uritttant vic- 
tories, the anny of the Deccan, 
«htttatlng .tb^ YioUI* ^example, 
tt»Atrffei6^ td e^'m ^he fame'and 

rwe»i*f GrtfAt''BWtate,'ln India, 
:« hd^i^'utirtVaUM 'rti* the an^- 

^^Itt-aJndhdirirtli^fr peace (a duty 
iWfpbsfed oh'rt!^l>y tlie'lbc^Isilua- 
tidDd^^cJ itiipfetllv^ atthSes) I was 
l^tecliledi ilhdd^'^fbe htnnedi^t^ or^ 
tJir§«id Idifi^cttehfi Of the jover- 
HwJ geiieral,^tof maAifJwt' ^ prac- 
i*«i ^ihplebf IbemWe^tion of 
thei ^&«feh Cd^ncHH, "if hich ar- 
fceWedtfeiJ^pregritew of our ahn.s in 
*h4^kttlir>af ticfttif» tofixthetran* 
tjcJMityi W jfedi^, brf^the fcnirtda* 
^otarior^'th^f' ehlar^ poli^. and 
i«';refe«kr0 Ihe 1)^t assurances of 
tbif cifltilWatlte of peace from the 
^Mi^tebte r^^dsed by the states 
lM?]j^'^jifi*derated agiirii^ Uit, in 
3il^getieiro^ty, honor, and justice 
df tfelft British' Goveriimerit. 
^ "'In ' tttviewini^ the couseqrifcnces 
^«r Btttce^, itlsWith unfeigned 
<m^i^lti6M'that I perceive the in- 
'ferfea^ng chaiinels of Stealth which 
^bsisf&ni)e^d' opened ib tbtk opulent 
im^tit&tit y Idnd, it ^ h peculiariy 
•^iWJ^ing;^ to 'tii)r fee^w^, that I 
"thbdld 'i^i^ been instrumenkd in 



'^itk^4)0t df 'Ihe ^<9mth^ i^tta, 
has excited the wam«»P d^«iWi^ 
of ftiy heart, t6getb*f^^iCb<^the 
^lighest sentimemd of pt$bfo: Te»- 
^pect^ at tbe^fnetinte,'theiidfore>, 
dmt'I receive, v^ith' peeulitfr grati- 
tude, tkts«nark of yotjit khi&e^B^ 
I cannot discharge U«o obU^a^ns 
yoA 'have imposed oft me, in ii 
-manner nUM-e conformable to my 
sense e^ the honor and welfare o£ 
thts s^tlement, or of the reputa- 
tion and interests of the empire, 
than by expressing my confidence 
4yf }«our cherishing those principles 
of loyalty, subordination, and go- 
vernment, which have raised, and 
finally established; the British em- 
pire, in India, on the extensive 
ibundattons of its present security, 
prosperity, dignity, and renown* 
I have the honoyr to be. 
Gentlemen, 
Your obedient humble servaitt, 
Aethur Wblleslsy, 
Alajor General. 
(AiracCopy.) 

H. SliAMK, Private Sec. 

5th, — Letter from the governor 
general to the hon. Jonathan Duu- 
can,'Es<j. 

Tv the Hon^ Jonathan Dmcan, 
Esq, ksfc. fefr. ^c* - 



Sia. 

1 have the honor to acknowledge 

your kind and safisfaciory^ lettrt-^ 

received by colonel Wocidiiigton, 

together with the address'of the 

British inhabitniits of Bombay. 

^?ertihi^ittg-'thl6= &ncifib of p^ac'e to I have jmblidy delivered 't</co- 
y'flSittteitt^feti kratk' the restources loftd Wtxxiingtoii' my answer to 

tliat spirited and eloqui^t-^iddress ; 
colonel Wobdlngton will tnui^mit 
my answer to you, with my, re- 
quest; that ydu >ril be leased- h» 
c6t^mtlI^cate itto the cftahrtiah of 
the meeting,\-Athib^ has*)a^arcd 
so honourable a sen?^© of the suc- 



'^ 'irtftlifc »]{>!i4t if Whicll, the 
*tefftii^ehft utidiii' ndy cbnunand, 
*tei^ ' der5v*xi 'thtmbst essential 
aids during the prose^i]tttib)i> '6f the 



mr: 



7« T^ixxMbtt wWch it ha^ plea^d 
^W^t'6^<Shoo«e of uniting my name. 



cess 



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ild officer, ando^^Mf < 
to my seutrcneats. 

I Jiavc die bpDor U>}t^^Ji 

With great respvt ,; T 

\ ?^**. > — 

Your^ttiol seryaoAk 

Fttrt U^iuianif^ 



mt$ ft tm endeavouTf to^trve aa^ 
WtfDCrf, lb the arduous staUQAia 
vMdif amplacexL. 
aV^l^ ^lUnW yob to YeasM my 
^ kii W t^ -1«toks 'M the'ol%lng 
,^lAtfiSft*l9"1|irilte ivbich yoa have 
^n^pfcJM*^ accompwiy thi* 
• grateful bu^ respcctM^ commu^ 
ntcattoQ. 
L,r*teflW» PwHitriiir iitii6c#0r^ to 

tiand^r^ jOtO^^ W*«liagtg0, ^ 

nipjil cor<M J«»peci. 
srl*^ <W(y «^ ilfce acMreit,-pw^ 
•ented by tjie Bfkwh inh^toits 
Ij^.A^mbay tamajoivgeneml Wei- 
ll^; «Qd tJie copy oTthirt oftiow'f 
|»|wpvi transmit^ witli ycHir. kt* 
lf% «c^M t|ie most liv^ itftfswiit 
15^ my W«i Tbo eddr^M • pf©- 
Hooted K? R|aj<M9-eeQeaa WeW^ley 
fhniUtea.aR^ddiiioQal instano&of 
Hl^iii^pere ^ ^aloQs attachoaefit 
^^ iteCtlement <s(.howfi9fy, .to 
tlKMNijtei^B^^Dd honor «f our ooaa* 
ti^ . aSho-pliWio ^r^of thm: pro* 
ff^H^MgHtaiMid Ibo «»{Nns6ioaof 

^ i a«a 9b» highly mmib\t of tbt 
IMinosiatfstmn aii4 legwDd: ^^Ufili 
tbd^caipe giooeediag mamiatlB^.ta- 



CA. — Aiw>fr«r of ^^gotemdiv 
l^neral to the address fh)m the s6t- 
tleinent ef fiombayk 

"the con^cifiilajUOQs wttS/olk. y0| 
arc pleased to offer, "to 5aej;0C^ tbf 
happy termination of the Ike JMB^ 
roaoifest tbe most honoradiQ^^Eetr 
loos, and just spirit of ,attai^)iii0||i 
to the public wel6«ie, an^^^fo t]b» 
national fame, and i^jpqr, 

I accept th^^Qim^tadl 
of yow confidence and 
oi>inion, with a dueuestimt^*^ _ 
the liberal sentiipe^ts, ^vittch<diio*' 
tated your address, iod ^th^)a||^ 
sense of the hciuor cpuveya^ JMU^^ 
by this pul^ip ^testinv)^ .d^.|ig|r 
approhaU(^^ ... ^-.-^n^ ?. 

Your > vicinity to the; ^bb^^ite^r 

war in the Deccan has ^COa^MlyFI^ 
to aj^reciate, wKh skcaSiie^^tim 




P|ni9v(oei and Ijfwpiqst^oatPfli^ ^ce^ ,tj^ mgoittde of j|toitin< 
surefthe British inhahitioKtf.af BettK gers whid^^e b^ea sxmomgei, 



bay, that^i «M1 wor wtMirisense 
of their personal ^Mrotur, prmior- 
tyopfd to mar AoBoMwkftrtlie &me 
apijlM^Pur of owjor-^pnciil Wd- 
le«ley, wheao lAanMli^aad oatt* 
duct have catdia/A Jm mjt »tfid 
every seiitinMQtofpimfee^afl^gliMi 
^d ^Itacl^oi^t, jwth J|>iCi;inoat ur- 
gent duty. Jf piABp respect^ admi- 
latiohV aia mkijtud}., ., \. \ . 
M^gtoeral Wellesley'g an- 
#^ id fhe'addreas; ' vrhkh lie'W 
ti«»*ttoBbr*d? r^cchrldg; \s Urdrthy 
of^e cUMet^bfthat dt^t^sh- 







an$f the extoni; ,of tbe 

advantages ^c^ hix^ 

takied V ^ ^iM4xi^ 

British am^ ,,.]& .Ml^4 .. , 

lucnt a«d pQogpress of jtht^oyc.jti^* 
westerrvquartoflirf jif^M«l|l^fP»- 
cictiqy of vynyyim pft ^t V U lHiWH Im * 
of bur P3ttli|a^;y;«apt;rfit^ tW^0^ 
cured by the 9/^^ ^.#*lili.9»^ 
Y«»niep|;,<^th^ djtril ^ military 
Service, aud otLti^Jkiiish inhab»» 
taiitsvof Bj?q*«jr«,fflid lhQ.meful 
and cordial asfi^afoe which yoa 
contributed in jqor.aeveial cipaci- 

.,:- v.. .: :-..i-^ .- 'iJi^ 



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in dte hoar of pM, entme« j%ii to 
1ttrtl%atc fe tfie lipneit '\fhich hs» 
atteii<te*our gforfem sdcci5». 

The exertions of Bombay, during 
tlte^latii conted!/haVc recaUed to 
*y iWcWection the aistingawhed 
service of that scttteiitent in a criws 
of etfaal importance^ iaA I have 
w^VBBd jmA cboAiieaQifr 9ad sa- 
tts(action^.i^ rmval of the aao^ 
^rgy and zeal svbieh laeiUliatod 
oic success of our arms in Mysore. 
It is grateful to my mind, that 
the cOndjBion of peace shook! have 
^^Mi^Bbed national ^vaifUlges^ 
worn Hduch peculiar ben^ wHl 
^pjtofcW tb the setBemeht of 
««^r> I3y thd security and ex- 
^^K^nm ^ its commctce, mtlitgxy 
'^oowes, territorial revenues, and 
-p^fiettMnfitK^nce and power. The 
«*|NW<*^ **J importance of these 
9Avmmig^ aflbrdiW a dae ttwafd 
to ttw Idyalty, publfc 2C41, and 
<J*mv; tmifeitoly tfrsph^yedby the 

■iwujmimluu. Havwj^ borne a 
«oiMidcraWe sbate to tlfe bortwh 
ii^llaiM of wtf, yoU'ba^ re^ 
»Ma ' j i ju» prppditiott of the be- 

^j ^btr may rdy on-the cdtatimiancd 
vttr'teoest tfAdearours to pro^ 
Mgetefctipr ov i to ettt bf those bg- 
jp^'j ittj^oar optifent and ptiblie 
i^^JM-^inlUtiiiifii ; aitd to mato^. 
"^ honor, and wel- 

liy.hjr^jtiit silica- 
-- -/*Ae^l«iclpk!*«f itwria pd- 
fcri'^ wt Wi haw Odntrftttted td^ 






^**4it.— Letter fixmi the Uoatcsa )' 
Vol. 6. 



^^<)tefbbf i6 the'pAfeS 
i>f the got^ftrtor^nc 

^ sectary ta hU ^9^(«f«p« 

I havtr the hoooQT to tltnteu^ 
ym copy •# • lett^, Ttddmgiid «# 
» by A^ British h^bHahti «r 
Wjee of Wakrt Iskgd, togfethi^ 
with the prooMdimi of ^ Mn^rM 
BWWing •latniWed by aie itt €«n. 
plhwce with their teqiieit e 

I beg ycm wiU lay these poj^ 
before his oxceUenqjr the iiioll 
noble the maiquis Wellesley | add 
P«wit me nt th^ lame tinae ft> f^ 
qoest that you wiU express to 1^ 
Jordship, how higUyl ieelh<MtM 

to betejr the channel throughiiSiA 
the sense of this meeting Im bead 
o*xirmf^, and how sinceivly f baN 
tidpete in theiespectWai^timSlI 
^I^iWic *eal,atoilniiidn, ttiidrta^ 
Otude^^wfcidi have been oxdiei ift 
the breasts &( the inhabkanft «f 
Made of Wdc^'i Island, by the 
*w*H*wiWt 8;rbat, Md hnpbvtiiit 
schiitfwaiieDis th^t hav^ m emi* 

nwUy^istifiguishedhis exceHewjrt 
«tinit>i6tr«rida. , .% 

IhafcrthdhonOTtohiu 

Vour vwy obedlehtiemnt; 
;^ ^ :R» T, FA««vtoAa» 

of mUes^^s tsUnii 
/V«;r6vl«Hv - .^ 

^ 2i"^P«^e^Ings'of'the ttmh 
inhafiitants^at Prince of WaWs 
l^iland, loth FeJJ> 1804. ' ^ , *- 

At a meeting <^ the B^tisfe inj»» 
bitants of Prji^^ of .W^«i<ft.Waaa 
at the CutchciTv, on IheOjOth Feb. 
J 804^ convened under the 






of tl» li«ie«iant^fOfi«i»r, fa ||m 
^c 



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'- -A^ffirikj'^jdimi^ 



me British inhfllMtaiitt bf the' Mi*- 
.tleme^t, on a proposal fotrobtainii^ 
peirnaissipo through , the litutenant- 

* j^cwataeiV from his^fextjeilency the 
triQst Moble the marquis WMIeetey, 

* to be'aQowed tdtiave a copy taken 
of his excellency** portrait, to be 
fenced Id the govetnmen**house of 

^. ^amcs Scott, Es^. in die^cliair. 

ItMOif ed :aitaniiROf!ifii)rv 

"^''WrjJt, That if 5s th^yish of this 

rneeting, elated as it is 'at the great 

* ^rtd glorious achievements perforni- 
e.cf bj the Brilibh arms in India, 
\irider the counsel and guidance of 
lit^ excellency tlie most noble tlie 
marquis Welleslcy, and impressed 

' with a due sense of the svibstintial 

'advantages which must accrue to 

\ the British empire at large, and its 

\ ' JiuHan territories in particular, 

, ^' ifirom the wisdom and energy which 

liave so eminently distinguished hi$ 

Excellency *s government, that a 

J copy of his excellency's portrait be 

^Obtained and placed in the govern- 

^ nicnt-h^iise of this island, opposite 

*' the portrait of the royal personage 

' with which it is at present so highly 

*' gTaced and h'U>f>n'd. 

Secondly, That a committee be 
appointed, consisting of the chair- 
man and Messrs. Caunter, Baird, 
Carfi?gy,:'H<itton,' and Clark, to 
^ ^ ^a^ tip a letter to the lieutenant- 
goveifMt^ eXptessWe of €\e sense 
of this meetmg, and requesting that 
It may be ^Eiimbly laid before his 
exceUg&Kjy llffi most nobie tlie mar- 
quis Welieslev. 
«»J ^^ilSimW. Jteflftlvedi . That the 
following l^tt^ijiavipg-h^n.wb- 



jaaeetiog, be trmisti&itted tfiftti^ 
lientenilm-govemor/ >^^A^4i)r the 
firitishirii^itaQts. - ' 

To R. T. Farqukar, Esq, Lieute^ 

ff'aUt^s Island, &c. &c 

Sir, 

W^ the British iitbafeitntts tjf 
?rincd of Wales's Island, exulting 
in the glorious achievements of the 
British arms in Tndik, aDd behold- 
ing with admiration abd gratitude, 
the extraordinary wis^m and 
ener^ which have 'so' eminentlj 
distinguish^ tlie govenunent of 
this country; under the most noble 
the marquis Welleslcy j and being 
fully impressed with a due sense of 
the great and acdid advantages 
which must accrue, firdtn the ipaea- 
sapes pursued by his excellehcy^ . to 
the British empire at large, and to 
India in particular, are ambitious 
ifif the honor 6i hxirivig hit ekcel* 
leiicy *s portrait to adom tte govcm- 
i&ent4ik>u^of tjhistdattd. ! 

Through ydHi^ir, tbereibre, we 
fatinibly solicit his exeelfencf *i gm- 
ctout p^rmissioft ta olloiv a: oapyto 
be taken of his excellency's pm!HEr» 
which #as piiintod imoiMbtely 
after (he great and Impoitaht ogd* 
quest of Myfiefe* • -• 

Pfoc^ as we are ia ^ ttiall, 
though not, we pnatiaiM, aos fiJa- 
httpo^tant part of titefiriciAi etnr 
pire, we venture to hdpit,) tfaotiifais 
excellency ^ill dOi»tofciSDd to ac- 
cept the humble tribute of grati* 
tude and zeal iff^di aoin^ues our 
small body, in ' codhmon witk that 
whitfa has Oh sitbi!^ occasions dis- 
tii^uisbed more^^n^iderabi^ pieet- 
ing^ of the^riiish liiHa&iti^ts ia 



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;^ .fpill^tal/iettlepitfit und^ his 
•fS^ceUeooyg §9v^tBai«at. . 
f . :« We have the boQQr to^ be^ 

With the ino$t perfect respect 
and oonsideratioQ, 
""^ \ .-Stt;. • - r .1 ' 
' Yourobedi^islhiaiaaUe 
' servantsj > 
(Signed) James Scott^ T, Baird, 
H.Warlng, r. :»Liu.;ngtoa, D. 
Browell, James Heriot, I'iioroas 
' Hatton, John Dickens, George 
V Cannier, T. W. Court, W. E. 
PbLUips, James Canieg) , James 
. Douglas, A. Mackntt,''C. Smitli, 
J. Hall, Robert Williams James 
Scott, John Brown, John Chieue, 
John ShaWj John MHot, T. 
Haugonsionj G.. H. G. Ames, 
M. W. Wallace, D. CUrk, Ap. 
Macintyreg, W. Nichols, Tho. 
Thoma3> Tliomas Jones, Robert 
Landitr, Thomas I^yton. 
Prince of IVales^s htarid, ' 
,m. 1604. 
Pounbly. R^dved^'Thata sub- 
scriptioa be Iro mediately opened 
for the purpose 4^^ carryiijtg the re- 
solotioDS of this Qieeting into ef- 
.i$ct ; aod the money so subscribed 
to jbe paid into the hon. cc^pany's 
U^asiirx. 



' • I ha?e received ^ith the^e^it^af 
satisfactiOQ, tbep^ofeedl^n^softbe 
British, iohabltanu of Prince of 
'W^les*s Island^ enclosed itt\ypur 
letter of the l6th February l^ ; 
and I request you to coavej to the 
gentlemen, who have been pleased 
to confer upon nae the hpnor of 
such a testimony of estieem, my re- 
spectful sense of their pimoial 
kindness^ and my cordial approba- 
tion of their public spirit. 

1 have great oleasure Iti comply- 
ing with tlie nattering request of 
the valuable settlement of Rrioce' of 
Wales's Islanci, signified, in their 
address to you. 

In communicating to you mv 
sentitnents, I request you to ^cccpt 
my thanks for the obliging terms 
of your letter of the 1 6th February. 
Tlie prosperity of the settlement of 
Princ6 of Wales's Island is an ob- 
ject of considerable national im- 
portance, to which It is my duty to 
direct my particular attention j and 
I am satistied that the welfare of 
that flourishing settlement will be 



JRithly. Resolved; That a copy essentially promoted by the: assi 

duous exertion of your zeal, talents, 
and ipteguty. 

i bare the honor to b^> 
Sir, 
Your feithful servant, 
(Signed) WiXLEStBT. 



of these resolutions be transmitted 

to the lieutenant-governor. 

J a'Sixihly, . Revived, That the 

.shanks o£ jthis meeting be presented 

.Id Mr. 8eoit, for his |able conduct 

iJn'dib cha*r. 

i. Of li^iff^)^ .Ja^jbs Scott, 
- ./!^ 1j , . Chairman. 

i^-. ^^TA-true.cqpjT;, . '/; ,' 
u.;-U vv r- ;: W» E^PHi]H,;P8, 
'::,-:./,; H S^CKt^tbfilfieut.-Gov. 



^' general li)''l 



frojpihe 'governor- 
tlie lieuttjnam-govfemor. 



BHAU0ULPORE. 

I.— Letter from Mr. WtAtle to 
the g6¥ena<»r-gene]^« : 
•c2 



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36 



ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



t -VJ : 



ito his txceilency the most nohlc 

J^q^'^maxquk JVelUsl^^K-P- 
*g9Vtrmr'^€nt>Tal of Bengal, and 
captaln-gnieral qf his snqjestyt 
and the hen. company sjorces in 
India, &:c. itc. 
.: My Lord, 

I feel highly gratified in being 
sclecled to have the honor of trans- 
mitting to your excellency, the ac- 
companjing address troni tlie Bri- 
tfsii jriljabitants residing in ihe dis- 
trict of Bhaugulpf^rt", on tlie late 
cessation of hostilities, and tlie 
h^ppy rest(jralion of ^xace to Hin- 
dostan J who, though few in num- 
ber, cotitemplate viih as much re- 
verence and admiration as any of 
rhcir countrymen, die brilliant ta- 
lents and provident wisdom which 
so speedily produced that glorious, 
honorable, and beneficial event. 
1 have the h(nh>r to remain, 

\Vith sentiments of the utniost 
respect and gratitude, 
Vour excellency's most obe- 



hostilities, and the restoratioD of 
pea^ej^ Hi»lipQS|w»» , — -t / '.t'»»' 

Ii^ coQ|is|9pl»ling tbe rife,.pf9^ 
gTjess^.aod i^rninatiMO 9f tb^.riat^ 
glorious war,, ;Ve view .wifth.-adoji^ 
ration, the couDpn^en&ive ii^gmy 
^vhich at c^ce .eflobrac^^ th^ e%\wi^ 
sive and alafrnj^g consequence^ oif 
(he JVIarhatta CQiifed^racy^ mi, 
witi) the ujunost proipptiuide jand • 
vigmir, prpvide^i the ipeaii^ <^. 
cpn^letely defeating lUenv 

The rapid supocssion of Ispieodid 
military achij^yi^entA m t|^ pcbse* 
cntioD of your expeUeiu:y*s. jilans^* 
chiring the last few 4390?)&s, and 
the successful coudnsioapf th«;War, 
liAve established, on the^ mpst apli4 
and i^rmanent ^bund^tiop', the Bri^r 
tish enopire in India, and. inseimM 
hly connected youn expell^iyr'i 
famte witlx national prosperiJty an^, 
renown. . . . .."r,". '- . 

We jfurther rewari^ wipp^e^. 
trerae Batisfaction, the cUifpl^ 9?^ 
the British ^cl^aracter m vs^ de- 



dient and humble servant, mency and moderation oJTthe teipgns 



J. WiNTLE. 

Bhaugulpore, March 15, 1804. 

2.— ^Address from tlie British in- 
habitants ^/BhaMgulpcH'e^ 
TdHs^HMknry the most nolle 

Richard, marquis lVeile^ey\ K.P. 
' governor general oj Ben^t, and 



of peace^ , granted to tli€} , j?peo^ , m 
the career of victory j ond \vy& 
should suppress our feelmgs^ if we . 
omitted to es^press our pleasure ^^fi^ 
exultation^ in viewiug the trimopb. 
of humanity^, generosity, and. jus- 
tice,, displayed py the emaucipatic^ , 
. - _ , , «f the unfortunate, but illustiipus 

captmi general of kis^ puyesty s ^q^,,^ of Timoor, and its restoratiw * 
afid'thr hon. rompany sjvrc^^ m to dignity and indcpendenqe, ,iyi^ ' 

th«i prot^.cti,pn pf the mild,aD^ ^^^t- 
tible Britisji govprnmei^t ini^^,^ , 
An act so noble and disinteresteii} 
catoot i0il to impress it^indetiUe 
characters of aditiiiatiaDr«nd (grati- 
tude, tji^ inijJtds of the i^atl^e^r of 
HJndpo^jan; Z^nd to fenj;^!^e^ 
aduuent '" w-x- ». •_-«• — 



India, kc. Sec 
!Mciy it please your cxecllt'iicy, 

Precluded by our local situatipn 
frpm unitiijg in the late add res? to 
your .<|\teileiug:y of tta^ inhabitants 
of jQjikutta, but concurring in, and 
ir^pr^^^d'iv^ i i) 1 the sau le sent ? naen ts, ^ 

w.^t^ll^e British "inbabitiiut.s. resid- ,' att _^^ 

nfig!^|,tb/^;f}ifuict liUaugulpt)re,J^^ and .it>j ^.interests; nor to li^pire 
lii^»i.p^'^^j5^Y'U,c))ar, hSg ica^ve tp/ etery. jjf?ueioy«' ^ntoti'<^[\xU the 
aifpro.ieh V^'^^ '*^''''ii' iH^' ^^ 'th our most ,e,xaltca noiUuii ^f^your ex- 
anie.iVt and" Ve'speajful . ^ojigriUuJa- . ce ["!«.; pcy-shufna^iify. and libeVal^ty. 



to' the BntiJili oaGon, 



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vr 



BOMBAY OCCUtlRENCES POft JULY, l.eM. 37 



ttered foreign ta^fs'itddi^ssiD 6I> 
«W, *^at A^^ amtempiUte with 
<iib^ttt»5tTericr^}dri, theconsutrt'- 
maw 8fc» and he^bkm wlifch Im 
nteJfcnc/geni*ralLjrtn*, 6ar ilHijp. 
triWf ;erthihw!ir!er m chief, Wnced 
i^'k^npid 9eri«s ttf brfliiant* anfl 
«u«fessttfl expidtt«; ^tifnpKflfeovet 
cve^ fiba^i^b which akildbe tjp- 
pbted-teh5s phJgre^, by an enerijy 
Vastly sup^i-kyr in ntimbei'iff. and in 
^icj^iie aHd-(ri<jti!rimfeiit ekce^itig 
saSf-isAtSv^ ahhifei^Mh^o -opposed 
tafteBifti«ifoh:e.' -' ^' ^ 
* Wc ilsbBegle^d to firtice. m 
siftiHai' *<54tiebj8cd' tteWnd;^ 'cfur adml- 
riititti^tif^te'htth/^tnajW' ^enefai 



' ^GIas5/J/Bel1ltinV;jrdhtft*ap. 
mitn, JiHay.FiD.mWeaii 
ZiUah' Bhdugutpor^, ' * v^ 
March 15, HkM. ^ : 

3d. — Letter from . tho go^mor 
'gftOferal to Mc WinOe.. 

James l>n/tti^, Esq. iec, Stt. -• 

IR, • , ,. . 

I request you to accept myslii^erV, 
thanks for die honor of your flat- , 
terihg letter of the 1 5th March, 
1804, enclosing the address of the 
British inhabitants of the district oi 
Bhaugjulpore, in the iirovince of, 
Behar. 

ITie stqte of myheaUh.for some ^ 



^^^t^ »1^P^ w^^^'' ^^^^ time past, together with the severe 

^v?!~ ' V^r?^' .!^ ?^ *^* pressure of public business, has 

1[r*2L^^^ ttri^tance to prevented me from retnnnng an 

m-g^il^i^taM,ln expfessmg earlier acknowledgment of thi:* 

these ihentiments, our gratitttde to honor. 

£ i&'ftl^ijSS^ ^ now have the honor to entlose 

SJ-^^S^^ ^LE? - ^Jli ^ ^^ °^ ^y answer to the address, 

mk; ^]^f^^ejtxir^0riam the which I request you to communn- 

/'K«f^Jbhr''^ieA^ signeij it. ^^ gen ei en w o 

vd^my fe*^ ^tMicfed WiA ' the ' I have the honor to be, ' 
sgafle^^ bi^tit ' sbe^r^s-y '^ itid ttiay 



ybdlr fikfpTtic^ iri pH<«ty' Kfe be 
ptiottdrtitmiiWe to youf t)BttHie*tktt-* 
dtirtaild-inviihiabte semces to the ' 
8tirtt?/aWd ttajr y<>ui^ (dXdettency 
exjj i 6ifeuce 'tHe th^st botiorable 
effijdtf bf the fafetiiig^ gtialitud^ of- 

"Wi^l^^tfielitohdr td'h^, with 
thc^cAlpw^bbiiid rl^5^^ ' ' 

-JK^dmoat hntnble aervasitii^:;. 

^M'Mihii^;/ ikonet'i. tV'intle, 
' '':io8l€hi^%e,l'. Shat^r/iieiit. 

;;!;'lc*>t/ir: mins6n;c4t:;^^.G^^ 

Vi^Bpn^oni P^nt., Rbss'MoWe, 

^ aSiW. /af^, Ged:^;Wilt6n, 

M^, l-^Shaw; fcJrni^ut.'t. 

^ ^^f;trR.»^t,;j. HtitcU- 



'jit: 



YoutftlthMw^hntj ' 
.(Sign<id) WfiiLBBttY* 

July d,iS04. 

4th.-- .Reply of the governor 
general to the address from Bbau- 
guJpore. 

The zeal' arid public' spirit dii- 
plhyed in this address dettiafid MV ' 
mbst cottilial approbation'. ' Tt is ' 
highly k^tirfaidto^ t6 tne tw Wltneki ' 
a gdriefal union ' of s^nti;rfifent' In'' 
those' pritjdi)les of "Btiis^h Justice •* 
ahd honot, wliich hA^ ill^ih)^ished ' 
th^ gknioni siicdeSs ttf oofaiHtis, 
artd the cortd^ii^iis "of th^ ft^iibfal 
patHfica^oVr bf'lttiltij^^ ^ ^ '» 
4n* di^di*% Vivrf' idittlrattori of 
•c3 



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,al\ 



ASIATIC ANNUAL MGISTBR, 



1804. 



^amm^ dilef, of the hoo, major jceiye,, wUb.aftprohauoa,., «if -r^ 
W ^anttles in Hindustan «nd the jUcipa^v?* m tbom Mings xjI; «Jr 



l>ecari, you have expressed the 
^#ttnn*it emotions of my heart 

•Rie fecotior of ycmr p«fl«wil 
^leero Is-hlghly aoceplalikitaine, 
and toy anxfoua desire to preserve 
ffiat %sritottWe seiitiiient itt.)K)ur 
miod, niugtproveacQiwJaiit'bicite- 
inettt <b the feithfial dJachaTge of 
toy ptifelU: duty. 

{(Slgttctd) WBtiisLkY. 

^CA*TTAC. 

l3t:«^Addm8s from the British In- 

h^itwti of Gattaq 
7b ^w ExciiUttcy -<Ae J*f(»^ JVbZj/t? 
Mafquu milcsbeff,K^P. Gixver- 



IPGUta|i$ttV ^^i -^l^jlawe-whicb. h^f^ 
^^ .pji^KaicsaUy «xdt^. p^ th^ 
wisdpn* ofjroijr e*celleiicy> ccoo^ 

jrp^ ^|Lc^U^Q/qy*8 ^mea^uj:^ bj^ the 
(fi^cyu- ^f dift nuti^ar]^ <aduev<;- 
.9W^,^ej jrowr ^3^ep<g?>.juw- 
Rioe^^^d.^ ^he^ipqJculabte^- 
nefits which the British empire J|^ 
acquired* .under th^ genial pad- 
fica(^M». of , India* • , ; , ^ - 
..- The jinpqi;tap<» fftf ^piir ^ml- 

tb» ifffMPtrjh *>y ^ p^^f^m^^ 

thqs^Mm^sr ^sjrjufisji -^rt^^ 

snarquis »^^v>i^,^,^ . v^w- ;*aj^ ^^9g^isl|c4.fVff|f,gi8ipa«Hfe 

- ^ ^ riugap3tam,(^ i^i J»?fl^ until the me- 

Ja i^ c<HHSPof tbirti^iod, ^ifOnost 
prd^flM^e^^u^.b^Jve^O Cffried 
.4B><>e<»c«tv()0Witb^^Wq n ri l»dtf i e ir 

dQiitan)isuQMfi#:tmi4 .Ihe.t^HrestB 
V tto JtoWsfoenipWi^Mf I^id^^vc 

bMQ^giCRdoaUy; st^n^gibm^/^^tii 
jJiey^YC alttaii^ by O^jWillt of 

tt^.lAlbM<r^.Ae|p«Chdf(L<%;«fe of 

p»l4P0rit!^anist4ilit7«cri H 

titkdtf not . wif>M> ^dH^iJpiniixoa 
wdipflaiiaejAf^iBTary^MltPib but 
to tb^ fipwiiltude iK:^i99l P^>»» 
who C99:'09tia»i^.the^:¥4^ and 
-top(irtam»: fd\ y0ur ^«ww<ient 
pilhlic sa^flea. . jrnl 

.V 3li9'tQbHitejof .apid^^ also 
i9MtlyidMitQj[th(^.^Uli^trif^. cha- 

-attdtthe-tonoraljta imjioftji^ral 

.W^Hwley^ the meqifiry dyrhose 

' J^qiMi^.iaffhievMaeQi^. wiHife^ che- 

vJO^o^^eQr ftBitfiniqJNfaoijAjnJip^ted 
by the love of bos country. 



in India, fa^c. Wt.: 
T^ay It ple«ie your Excelleiicy.' 

Whik the public adnuxattDO and 
gratitude has been attracted, and 
^t^h^iM^ eKfmsKd ia sooh te- 
6pe<^taMe^ ^puiten of ^is empire^ 
en the great and m b ft aa ri ri advan- 
tages tfrishigtoinyqar excellency's . 

' Kbeasure0> '^'^ should dcom cmr- 
Be\vt» deficient in the sendroeats 
0f piibKc spirit, which become 
»lNWyfBrillA stili^, if -ttrrvreie to 
^to(«lhi Q^poctumtf wbkk <he 
^^ttSlApto of otiiev atatiooa tfind 
m, of solioUiar'yoar 4Bodfeticiy*t 
!fi^uf«Ue iKeaptitBee of ooi zea-. 

' 'j(9tti: oottgnnqlatioiia onvthe glprir 

vt^Dtii evetttt m^9mpi^xKmMfia^(^. 

■ 4^4f^waF^ mlih^ tfae oeBMecate 

- rMahtiM^ahletehM.' * 

r The4aQd«btil poDsiplei^LJiist. 

nj^iclttt4t'<^ !te ' awacenai|ce. of 
the pubUq^ioadr^. and^^the pcoipe- 

>' x^^^sbS mittoaaliiiiitereBta^coai- 

lo biott^diDi^ aeijlimfinta 'rf<tfae^h- 

xestfpiifleBW' v^imni tw ii i m lr i mi i c t 

for your excellency^ ip^itfe us to 



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fiOMBAT jCXJPUBSSNCfiS VOA 7ULY;XB04. 



Having lnui . t&itiiigonbod ii^ 
ytku" Mns^nc^i^ jfj^iiilMfticKk ok 
lidr tottddet, in tbe c&JKnitkm' of 
Tour pkns, iu tbe'cocriiueBt of liift 
Ipf^vmci^ ITS ^tter ouisDlvof tfait 
tbe unauimous testimoa/ q£ 'oqr 
Mtiditacnts M tfoe'prsKnt Dcoasfbn^ 
liiQ not be ^^OAsiMod aa ^ dte* 
'pBitiim from tftat fespect and wab^ 
ordkMtioti which am tbe^to ytmt 
CKX^igncyj no less in yoor prlVi^B 
dMiMer, thato «A tte cbfttf tu^ 
cttWe' authority la M^pem e«i- 
|nre. ' • .... 

' W« %eg to assttve yjMg' teod« 
lency, that no period* oi^ttee can 
cfBkt hott OUT Inemonei the re^ 
ledUcctkia lif tervites K4iich liave 
lo jy^ caaHtdd yocv fuutte ahd 
ch^ncfa6r; and that xre-^haM iiMdi 

the da^iesi h]«erM to oiy ensk 
^i4fich nh^te cMOdeicd with ytar 

Mih HMrtti; A. Kwgainiify H: ^. 
Obo. ^WMHibtf Hdtify Y«nir, 

^ «biKMhTlhM<«rat^ ifk^O; Molt* 

HM, I. AhdiMN^ Mr. li^, 

^dt«r Lawtei»» C. Cviioioft, €. 

• W.8m»^« G.HiMaaty asiittant 

• tblt'iott, J; Bo^y H.hr; in; aad 

H. Hood/<Mio, W. QrWnhoof, 
' «6^^ Ritflw; lb«ttc.«H;tl»9ry> 

W^4kiidtefAAMytitf0fi aatfttid- 
<3 i iiwflip v^lt> Bwifti^^lMinh if)^t. 

'' RMUmiv MM.^th Mgi. tlitiBei 

•3^i>IDiMMni *t( ;tti Mftr-f . 'Mad 

Inaes^ Ueot. tseHi 'I^p fidrvrrn 

'^'^ likft^t W^, 7ih^¥ii|CiJv ftaad0, 

^' ^thiMjp, «i L. Pi artM i» yv y4t 
*'^^'i> l^iih'V6^iMvO.'i)iNk)^ir;iluri 



it, i4t bid. ifih fi4gt: e.i 

UoM^t dt^m^r. 4Mmi«iF)8«ji^ 
^ninanoe, W^rKxxmehtt^^ym^ 
and sec. to col. HanpdcKi^ .CbMi 
J». OoUiiM, MMt 14| bat. l^cb 
rep. n. i. J. HoMtoTy U%*Hti^ 
dm, capt. J. &. GrreenhUl, do. 
R. Dalgainu^ it. J. Luca9> dilto, 
J. Ogifrna; dbtow J4 Aitiei^to, 
assist. «Bg. €. VletniDg^ wng; 
is; CTanmtoH., caft< ▲, JVncimvm 
cMpt^H. Hmwiiii, J. HartvelU 
fi. Uarm» capt. Ist.hi|t.§i3b mgs. 
J. D^cmoaki it let bat. ditboi 
W. MankiM, 4t* ptli regt. Man« 
go Cwppbeil^ Cr« H. Smitb, In 
1st bat. 9th pagt. Johti-Goote^ lt« 
ditto; diitto, B. Wmdfvaad^ dUbo, 
ditto, Babeit Bj€, ^iik>> dittos 
S. & Gwner^ lient dittp».«hlXD| 
Mbotgotnbry GoaBe, It. ^^iitito^ 
igtb ragt; G*.Uara, lie«t« 4itto; 
dittot, H. HaniQgli«i« lieoL.dittoi 
<tttto, H. B. ilaw.ltQ9y.lii«i|fc4 /th 
• dito^ iR» iittMr, «kfM;«'artiliQf^4 
I UatthioaoDiioN^gv/ ' ..• 



dd^rt^I^liif of* tba jS«m(Bqnta«B4 
to the aMraMfrom CiH«|e»v^V 



f ¥oav <ongBiti*iir»w woiHrdid 
gloriotts sucoeM andiuippf W^ of 
dK['fau)e.>inaniiYjDdia;.ate!es^tted 
antb.'laadabia xea) ibr tiie'f^tepe* 
rit9crof/the'pnbkit-i0rvliti^nd«.>Mih 
esotiMantfi ^aibifmmmi laegAoMor 

fid^itttoop^iedgiaMiiti^'fd^ t ^ ^pd • 

«{M|it-«iiM htt aiiMtid*liMyiralMM 
ci.adnndttn «Htt.^(ra«Mt iwMr 
be^tuwed'hyryou, apon ih«i|l(oitfl 
services of hm^wmiUmkm1hiimf» 
OKkxM i«tkfiiieC;s'>iteW)fl|pnibie 
maiarfeMiral >WeUet)i^iiewMMr 
brave c&cers anditsobps^v.ic: ?fn • 
^> ^It 'rirqpBMkaiirkf. ftaH^i^' to 
fiie;^tty.vo0fllreiitbift itmOiiAif^ 
i9Btttihoiftoift)theae/ ^ldli»tere^iMK 

#C*r;'.i.: ^v ';:■;!: j.)/'j i;juv :ot 



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[tn^ii^m 4^mmvvm&s»rfim.'o9 



litiili nti Itlriwii MiiiiilMnun in the 
trittbet of pea<^. 

. At t meeting of the Bi^tish ia- 
hfjUlilit^jiUM tkt pit>|diice.jc>f Be« 
^mUtboMeo at SeciQcde,..oni tbe 
Mth d Mivcb, 1804, Mr, Tbpt, 
n^ .nyioke, beioa miaoiinocuiy 
callejl to the cbair> the bosioess oif 
ibeja^r, raft g^ened. by the chair- 
m^im'uithefiwowing npftopxf^e 
tpeeth :i— 

iV; ^The purpoie Sot which thb 
ts^^QM^ has beeD .oooveoed^ i#.to 
cpOfli^ of a ioitabk and res^pect- 
ful ^address irom the BrltutL kiha- 
hitaota of this pnyvioce to that 
high mi. e)»ltM diaracter, by 
wt^ wisdom, foresight, aodenQr- 

5', the loog plamied madiiiQatiQAs 
oar eDea^iei havie beeofde^tad, 
ti^ British erapiie in India twice 
|Kei^r«ed» and (by the UtehooQuri-. 
a];4e. {mace ..coocliKled wUbj the . 
n^ of ,9eiar and Dowku Boa 
Sande^^ at Unph secured oh^i 
firm and solid basis. ,/ ^^ 

*' ^0owiiq;» as t do* tbe s<tiU* 
mentsof a|l the ^tlemen pre^enit, 
ndjolt thorn residii^ ic^^ this pro^ . 
i4j|oei..it is impeceisary &r me to 

point; ^^ ^^ ^® ^^ ^^ w 
aolfjv imdeiMriieo cm pifiociplet 
V^mf f^ksfeo^^^ that jt.wa$ 4u>tM 
1f^ iW'*}' by pegwuliia , 

raia^thathadraembled . 

linamepaci^ positioo... 

had failed,;, mt)^ ijxi?.. 
^^ , ^^ llie jttcat pobk ^th^.i^ , 
ti^l^ifgpDend had,,,j;^cimr^ 10 
amis. .,.,... 



^W-MPP^ff^ pride, M: 98H bMbft 
admiration of f^^n^i^eii^jilKiii^ 
Tohw> ^ropv whom ihuM Mbia 
AeJings c^(^fijaiatio9,rari9^^a4i|i» 
ii^ moBt^poblic testimpi^.;ofi<mi! 

jPatitud^ii, ^,.,:^.r„ -: ..^r.^a 

. V Qovfudi m, ocQasionj::^piKffd# 
cab but Ifeebly expcew ibt^ Mmti-i 
n^Bf^ Ibo/imuff^ ^ikegloif in orery 
bosoQiijaQdaoiq^ateeiJifSEy beast? L 
aiiaJl therefore .pepfuu^ mjoielf 19 
IM(opott4^4uit^^4dff»^ .^ptps^^ 
sfve of .oi}K,gs^Uidfu .9»Mi 4<^*^ 
menUa^d.ffurjBdiwmtwn, fe> pfc^ 
paoDd and pr^B^^ 'tQ:f}tuf^ iaxccK 
lencyth^ mos|; niohle ibQigoyii^nw 
general th^ ,qwq^ W^e^gflF^- . :h 
I1ie.,pc9pof^ W9p:feQ¥P»d94^ 
Mr. Hawkins, in tb^rfpn^'mg- 

'.-: J heavily sopR^^iiralvqmT 

WMst sttijpwpdi^gy; ffm^mijsif^ 

vemor general, the gwl^fibuj^^ 
their nnbounded-admiratioh of the 

success, of. ihi^ efCi5lW»w^'4^,VDtioi«, 
boUia^tiadff^Qist^b^t^ <i4f^ 
lic.gr¥iti(adfi|E)r.|lie fifs^ •§"««! 
render by, i|Mt<0M4^ pe ww W ff t 
to. tbe Brit^h empirpft jjiirfv/ a^ 
to the lA^tic bw|if;l^;pfeyi^f<^fflir^ 
ticular, Jet not.sijewwWfi^wW 
leay^,,«>piiV. #3r,**^WIftif^llM 
thfB^ 4entipae9t^ijgk>»^ >yi))^l 4ess 

wiin«fhj^imrl|pfvw9»i tb?ni«rfb^i 
rw qf,^Mfri?fWt?yi^§Bfi^ i 

Th^ qaffriffftbqngu^ ywn j ff j g^ 
agi>^,t«9, tjieip^fHimw>4ai4(t>e§^h 
thi»p)^e(^ ,tb^ A^f^f^ f^Al^i 
to ^ w»H9nfgr,*c gflprOTTHfiM 
ner^: wftiqh,.bWlg. f^iJtHjfttefelTn 
lowing respj^utix^ >WfW>^l#^l 
v'^wWy, PlWWd*; .dflte»iW«»«fM>ij 
and wapifiMy; ^WiWjd 1^^^^ 

ing do cdpfv.ift th^ acMmP^.iKJ^fl 
has beffiv>mdfti -^wiw m via^i nl 

be^repaaed foy ^ftt p| ti j »xWTO ^gilt 



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BOlVOAY^M^mfttfiNtlS^ 4^ MA'Mm. J» 



lkdbc^tMidceedi^'ted*ti^ ittKlrest 

Deare^at Mirzapore. aodHtofHv^ 
^ifieiftat civil andtauitflfy^tidns 

Mr/ W. AtteusWs BtOd^^, tWT 
senMrjndge ^^the (irdvlvicfitf cotbt, 
ai^'iigentfb ih^ got^te<Mr*^gtoerah 

ed l<r Wair W hii ex£l5fl«iic)r;'t6 W- 

Menre'fte ^dreis, Aid toiprt^nt 

It was then moved^ Xbalt thi 
thteikidf tte^me^Hiig be gKitn to 
tll^'chdiitttti; Mr. Thotaa^ Brooke/ 
>«!lk:& yhr'sedbtided; wa& i^iufti^ 



tli6 govemdif* ^erba:^ ^ut^ng"- a[»» 
potett^ tWar, the (2^^ JilrieV 
400*; «E) ^deiVe tlie -^dH»» 'frdiDf 

Jte Vn At%iistSKf Brdbk^,^ ac-. 
coHfiogiy'Wiited bh inst exdbll^tky, ' 
aWiddreased lifm as'^ldWs s ^ ' 
^' kfrrkpliea^your ^xeettteey; ' 
^ lie BniishiDiBibifMt^of the 
put^ifiee-bf J9efiares> lif^iiig dbhe^ 
me ^tlai^'bddMr to d^tmte td^ Itb * 
pIM^'ttr your 3^cdl6b^ at¥ ^. 
dWrf-*^ e6t%rtitt*tti»tt[' 'Bhi^Qie > 

mfish^gM6t)tt/#o)6st^'!!ke'^&«^ ifle^ - 

In rwrfr to which. bR*»eSc6H»lct'' 
wii^miia Ab^pft¥!(^<httdselF& 



ine nUIUIlRnlBTminCv vTCIW 

pt\/fktoe Or '^Mfi^^^xofM fUtVnfa 
oXtyeytA fhrtr »s^!rtW<HitiPW m 
HmuA a ihoce V^pe2l9bl8^ dftSib-^ 

•* Hife in!fefortlTrt<^>f'*^lm «tatCL 
of my healA for sMhe»^i>^7 
has compelled me Jo delay the 
acceptance of thl^ !i(mour uutil the 
prisehtday. * ; ^^^ «^^^ 

*^^ The high swuStfortto'WM^" 
ytm hdv^ .recently Vert c^eff'W^ 
this goTcrnmetit, affifiiyji aiiMcfeHr 
t<wtlmo!iy of my seiwe [ of *y6§F 
character and tervite*. ' •' '^ "^^^ ^'' ^ 
''-^Signed) WEtt*sj;lftV?^^ 
"Mr. Brooke ih^ti read' and pre^?^ 
tented the following addr^^s ;,^ '^l*- 
To hhyxtiellencif the mq^t itoth 
IHchdrd, -martpds ' fkV^i^.^ 
lM6ht tf, the it^tfsf int0fm^'' 
6T&r of St: PafriA, ^ot^ihidi^] 
' ffin^al, and taj^iain 'o/^J%*'»<ttV; 
jesty's and the- ^lmmrrr7§fi^c«fti-'* 
pam/s Jhrces ^in 'hiifd^rM^ 

MSy k please Vonf ei 

We, the Brlti!<h>lfab1 
theprbvhite of B^ftrtftiei^ 
eiiceUencjr' to ' aecqn ' durl^^^ 

cOngtattd^ic^ns on the^^idtepoRl ^ 

vc-tntages tiefived 46 ^ev'^rfHSfi^ 
empire, from t^e latenieiT?qfe^^ 
peaee* concluded in"HWa{Js*fii? 

Reviewing thte tr»i8h(i Whl^^iaT 
pfecddcd the *itfAgtitisdied^#hP?^ 
the vi|^h)us^deeiyfe^Hrith^W«iK^ 

th* dlarrrttn^'desfgns- W^fife^fl^l 

hattit pbtdhtA)^^ ^*^WS"'" 

BMtT t^Sre^i-etteifedf •Bft'' 

to- ti»' stitid*e\tt^ w»«»^5i«i^*-iiAau 

of)^oui-^i(M%n( 

aiW ymi eXo^ 

TiWfA^tti^^fti{ 







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» 



AW ATIC. AMSltM-; »J»*»^/»W*.. f 



Imt career> of our mttin has aur- 
p«s€d idl foaxier ettmpb; and 
with exiiltation we bavebehcM our 
gallant forces surmounting, by an 
tnvindbie ipirit> aU the obitaclet 
opposed to them, hy ^e^exity of 
climate, by difficult and v^oifl 
countries, by fortreses doemed 
impregnable, by the deflpeoate.re- 
ah&KicB of Kuimerous aiod disci* 
plined anxuM ; advancing wUh nn* 
ri^'alled rapidity ftom success to 
aocces, from victory to victory, 
until our bomhkd onenaiesjound 
their sole rafoge io yoor excel- 
leDC}''8 raagnanimlty. 

Fortunate it has been in thit 
arduous crisis, that your exceUency 
ci»M avail yourself of powerful 
means, the fruit of your excel- 
lency's previous exertions. The 
period is yet recent, when an aemy 
uoder the comroul of Ffench of- 
ficers menaced the authority of our 
ally, tlie nizam, and die rcsouices 
of Mysore were united in the 
hands of a dailgerous, aspiring, and . 
iosplacablefoe; but during t^ late 
contest, we have seen th^ states 
alibrdtng cordial and eficacious aid 
to the British cause. 

'Led by this striking contrast Io 
extend our viaw to the whole aeries 
of your excellency's measures, we 
have recogniaed the genuine ch»f 
racter of a policy whidi commands 
fortune, and which, in securing 
present advantages and rq)elling 
present dangers, repares the foxm- 
dations of strength, and the sources 
of future glory. 

At length a propitious and ho- 
norable peace has rewarded yonr 
excellency's cares. The seeds of 
incalculable evils have perished in 
the annihilation of French in- 
fluence. The general pacification 
of Hindostan has been eftected on 
wise and equitable priiKiples 5 and 



in India reposes upon t^ sdble 
Vasis- of improved terriiqrial 
strength, of <iew and beneficial 
aiUams,' of encreasc* giosy, of 
cooikmcxlrepiUaitioD far lHUDamty» 
iltod^ratioo,. ^ndjffood ^ith^ tdot 
can we esteem it the least ; im(»or- 
taut triunipb of your excell«icy's 
liberal and enlightened policy, that 
the uuibrtunute- and oppre^s^ 
naonardi, (the object of affectionate 
veneration to the mufselnoaR iv^tat* 
hitaxiU of fjiodofitin,) now imiks 
in the xHunber of princes, ^»'bo 
acknowledged the most signal lob* 
ligations to tBritiah .vak«ir iand 
Bntish generosity. ^ 

ReJlecting on these great T a* 
ohievBments, we /eel impelled, by 
every sentiment of. personal attach^ 
mfint, and of public duty, to «ex* 
press to. your cxcellecyour Urely 
sense of the tranaeenoiffit ta^kfRtt 
and illustrious' virtues by which 
your excellency hm si]ppcrte^'(in 
these difitsnt : piovioces) tiie iia^ 
tuttet of oor country ; mid by wiildi 
your ezceUency has «nlHled ^OttV 
self to amoit cons pr aous pkot 
among the statesmen and h^coes, 
who have raised the fame and 
power of Great Aritain, and ooUy 
united her cause with the daarest 
in*exiSRts of humanity and justice. 

(Signed) 

G. Deare, Thomas finxdce. G« 

Arbuthnot, P. Hawkais Yayr 

Barges, T. Deane, JasL Battm)^ 

S. Bradshaw, lient. col;. John 

Sandford, W, J, Sands, T. Ycld, 

. T. Leigh, D. Mornesoti, T. 

Moguire, Jos. Williamson, W. 

G. Mafxwell, br. m. Cfaarka 

Brietzeke, maj. B. Ronpe, lieat. 

Alex. M. Rowland, heut. C. Fv 

Furgnsson, Charles Chisbolme, 

J. Rider, Frod. Hamilton, C. R. 

' Cromeiin, James Wilkinson, R. 

Abbou, Geo. WUson, H- IfeRia^ 



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BOMBAV'CfcCURaEKCEfil TOR JULY, 1804. 



* C: Ctttln^on, W. Scott, T. 

lidlow, c^pt. G. Hunter, cm. 

' f7tii, Ko. 1, Tbos. Scott, Cha§. 

Ste^R^, A. Draibar, E. N. 

Long, F. Lawrenco, C. Wake* 

W.Mathews, TbofaasChafrters, 

John Saw, Thos. Dennis, lieat. 

H. Gun, liecft. R. Mnc^betaoa, 

B. Marfcy, lieut. Col. 8. Fhwfl-, 

lieut. W. Hanley, licut. A. 

Adams, capt. W. Reynold, lieut. 

H. FaiAfti!, lieut. T. M. W»- 

ncr, Iteut. Charles Martin, lieot. 

' W. S'mnock, liaot. G. FlenAkig^ 

ton, T. W. Grant, James Tod, 

R. TVfepkmd, D. lViepland> R. 

Chapman, R. JeGsep, chxjpAaia^ 

Lewis Grant, nbttt. col. Jamas 

Denny, W. S. ?ryor, capt. C. 

MoQ^t, capt. engrs. W. Burke^ 

J. G. Keoderion, H. Peomng^- 

C0&, lieut. GeovgeUyde, Meat; 

W. Grabdm, ens. Lionel fierkeA> 

fey, R. P. WilMtos, Jarvm 

Robiolon, W. Sherbum, Geo. 

' Car^tifeir, capt. IjHh regt. D. 

■ 'Sldane. dittd, A: H^nefiiey, A. 

•*" C^WI, W. WaM, 1^. Geni- 

"'* '# y; dail^ Lloyd, G. Pitootof, 

' '''Ge^»^ P&rdfcf, Iteut. coJ. A* 

, 'Sttwart*, Ifeut. «onitio THok 



T^pp, lieut. i; WUkie; Itsot 
GcKM^e WooUey, lieut. J, Scarify 
assistant surgeon, J. Macfiuiane^ 
lieutenant. 

His epEceUeneydia governor g&» 
n^rd tras plea^^d io ^ver to Mn 
Brooke the following auswerio die 
•dcteea: 

Gentlemen, 
I receive this grateM and difr» 
tingaihhed mark of your confidence 
and esteem^ wkk the mctit sirtkem 
and cordial satisfaction. The senso 
wjiick yoo have manijiiilr d mt' the 
•dtratttages obtaioed bf oorcDuntiy 
UDte ikm reeeot treaties of pm9^ 
refiects great cmdit 'Vfop .yaot 
public sporit $ and th» ( ptraaoal 
rBgard wfaidi ']Km have bMi 
plaoaed to express for my ohwrmmM 
and'seff ioes, denauds my M^aanaft 
ecknowledgmetfitt. j 

f 1 request. yoa to be assured^ Jtfail 
i enlef tan tte kigkett fe$paot &r 
your £ g f o oiid>le opiokm,^ and -ikM 
it wiU be a priecipal. et^eoliof ^ 
study and happinesa of ei^ life tt» 
mens the hoaourtwiiicfa. y0ikhmm 
doofetred upon me byithis^di^ 



(Signed) WEUdiSXVi. x 



'if'-il '.^T J.I > V J. ) : .M " 
- i'. r ' '. ' li'-.. s:/ ' 









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BZNGAL OCCUJiRENCES. 



; .J r \,^1 






TAe oW ewU servants in Bengaf, and the Cgtiege of Fart ff^iWam/ ' 



::^f A irary singdkir contM has 
tiMBF i«Mf maiatsiiiied amdng the 
oiirii servants of divA presideocf, 
rtbi^g to the iftSlMiBhtneiit of a 
fund: te dM benefit of the widovni 
aad.cfaildreii of those civil setrants 
who im^ die in indigent circom- 
ttdoeesi All toncnrral in the gen« 
emLpnupiiety of swliaibnd) bQtdts<» 
agreed as to its paitieular (^^ttita. 
"nie old eitrtt servants wished the 
benisfit €€ thfi fund to extend to 
lllegltRiute children. This propo- 
siliottiwav strenuonsly resisted by 
theijyoiatS^ ^t^ servants wdfw in 
cMa^y or who had been hi oq1« 
Iqgiiiand tA$o bf a f^ of the ndost 
ns^ectable . aeniors. The argu-* 
meats of the old okil servants Were 
foQBdti on'priaoiplesi w^hieh they 
cdnoeitfedto b^ oharitaMe/ nberal» 
oe just'.^'llte* jliniors contended 
thattheesCabtishM; aoertam pm- 
viilbnfar the iMgitiateie diildren 
tot.tthfgomtig would b^'sotoe en^' 
CQuragemeof to b^get^ thehii 

f/iTliis contest iieas ma^Maitted 
with great spirit, in a^print^ cor- 
JiespoMieQi^» ^whldi WMCircultted 
thfou^hottt the aewioej and' it is 
suppcMed. tlot the best abilities ^ 
the old civil iervmti fa^ve been' 
engagqoiniiitv What has iMdefed 
it lb much i ^b^ d notice 
thei«b>: thk A4foo!6ig wett ap« 
pe^tediitb b» ctn tb^ 'side> whi^re 
itfsight be expedted, the old men 



would be. The young men pro- 
fiSssed to be on the side of religion 
andvirtoe^ This was a good jokp to 
the old meii -, and an ode was ad- 
dressed to the ** virtuous youths," 
desifhig th^rn to " descend from , 
the stilts/* and to do like other 
people. ' An extrj^ct from' the 
printed ^dresses o£ each party, * 
wBl serve to shew the nature of ' 

th6 discussion." ■::^^-"^g:i:X 

■. -iPfltB OtO Uia^i ' *v j.ii TO 

" It is objected, by the youiig 
men ,—tliat in every age and nation In , 
which any thing like a state of pivil 
society has existed, tiie law Jias ' 
distinctly declared that illegitinriate ^ 
children are not entitled to the * 
same benefits wttli (he offspring' of ' 
a lawful marriage ; and the wisdom ^ 
of this law cannot be disputed.''^ 
But the distinction esiabhshed by ^ 
the laws of England between the '. 
issue of a lawful marriage, itidthi I 
offspring of illegal intercourse. Is/ 
restricted to the right of inheri-. ^ 
tajice ; which, in mtist cases, niaf 
be pro\ided against, by die t^sta-^ 
ment of the f;triier'm favour 6? His* . 
illegittmate child; and the ^mi'-J^ 
nent commentator of thofee' I^Wj'^ 
has pronounced, that " ^ny odier_ 
distinction but that of not i\i(ier!t-^* 
ing, which civ^l policy reit4et^' ' * 
necessary, would, with tegiftd 't(l'^^^ 
tlie innocent ofi^pring df Tiis yia- ^* 

rent's 



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BENGAL OCQUS^ENCES. 



*6 



itAI*8 crimes, be odks; unjiisf, 
Bod cruel to the last degree." 

The tame laWt protect the ille- 
gitiniate children ia the enjoyment 
of all acquired rights, compel the 
parent to maintflin (his chUil tkoogh 
iUegallv begotten ; or, if thrown 
upon the parish, have provided for 
the maintenance of the cluld# b)^- 
a public contribution levied under 
the sanction of the laws, for this 
and for other purposes of cliarity. 
There are, moreover, in England, 
as in many other countries, vari- 
ous public institutions for the sup- 
port aixl education of illegitiniLate 
children, in common with, chil- 
dren born in wedlock. 

" Can it then be justly ulledged, 
tliat a provi.-ion in the rules of the 
Bengal civil fuijd for the suitable 
maintenance and education of the 
illegitlniatc cliikiren of subscriber!* 
who niay die \\ithout the means of 
providing lor tliem, will occasion, 
or have the remotest tendency to- 
wards ** the total violation of one 
of th^ great ordinances of divine 
law^ and the direct overthrow of 
all the. principles and distinctions 
which have been established aiwl 
maiQtaiped by the authority of the 
world ?" AVhat ordinance, divine 
or ht^man, will be viobted by. such 
a prpv isipa ? The laws of rei igioii 
ai^d of civil policy iuculcnte and en- 
t'orqt th^ fathers duty to provide 
fof the, pialntenaiice and good edu- 
ca^on of his.. child j^and tlie first 
prlappte of thi^ . irij?tLtutioa is, to 
tal^.^ppoja itself tlie pareiJl's obii-; 
gationy^, towards his . £^mily, when 
the latter are unhappily xleprived pf ^ 
li im .by death , and leil , ,w itbout 
otbt^r p«ans ^f .support. , , . 

;* It Is^iot projiOiieJt^o -assign llip^ 
taihip^ fi^ed alluwauces from the 
civO fund* {^^ children born in, or 
out ofj wedlock.;, much,<ess to ^n- 
•tiiute any-^t;quidit/ p;Vra;4 ,ii;i,^>o^ 



eiety between them I atldanyoom* 
{arison of the Eivopeans and In- 
dian mothers^ of the two classes of 
children, is as indelicate and un- 
necessary, as it. is. fgreign to the 
sdbject under considemtion. 
- It is enough, therefore, to ob* 
serve upon ^1 the reasonings and' 
digtorir which have been di^layed 
(by the young men) on these topics, 
that they are altogether irrelevant 
to.tlie <|aestien> of prdvidin^ a 
.suihcient maintenance and educa- 
.tion lor Ulegiomate ' cbtldreii^ left 
by the d^ath of theii: fathers in' a- 
state of distress; that ira .estan. 
. bUsheddifitinctio&9 will be IweiMAif 
such a provision j and that nof> pn>- 
clamation wiU be made byjit^ ehtier 
" That a p|K)ititii<te isasicspecta^' 
ble as a wile |** or '*. that tbe^ofl^ 
spring of vkm shatt mnk wttft tbe 
chiidieQ of vtftue^*- i - : 

THft Y9VMQ mif. ' > 

'' ^\CkboiU noi^ng the dh^n»> 

otj9m\fipt f:ivil hiw. which rli^rthei 

h^icstxestriotio!iiuponiil^lpthBM»^ 

cb ildj99n» it . isr ad«altted^ .(bif> .tbd ^ 

.old mefi) that the la>^ of £qg))ialit:> 

exchides .illegijUi»at^<liUdrdirfrai]^ I 

•the, right, pf inheritaoee r but -ti^ : 

.civ,UiandDi.with ttM^tsxtemion^i pn^n 

pQ8(e4> ^PiPiA ^do^itlhemrtoiit.iMH t 

. thet>pi;f^TisiQfii<,^pB(i. the iund '.will 

. not.te f^idwi^i hut-a rightist ri|otiw 

a ^, hutT4iP ix^i^mooip which' T 

. th(^^ ()ij9gitiav94f^ < children wHlr hti f 

,the instit^^A^v ijt^ i9pp0eitioni> tcr - 
V thf ^e^^f^^edi 7|)iinciide8 >.ofl the 
^UWi,9( §^\Vd^ rj J T.q> hhz^ d*:"r 
i J^4t-*AWi^ .%itmr .oppetaMitc')^ 
^ to^9\d^ cwtpwiwhof lAd^itUd! 

.th«^4H^e^ai»rf FlWli^elr/iwhfaSi isfit 

staU;*,[tft^.isrQtoWt toiiko iW9"^ 

:^tioi^,5nTli%^^3^^»»ofe adoMb <fe fr 

,,is u?^'Mi^9<^t^(^^i^^J^iQcit'v»^^'( 



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46 



ASIA-nC AMBUALfiEttSmu 18041 



ilMC mm should be all agiacd U 
4idaik ili«m to the foli aad efwii 
4ctiafltB*of ibc institEitkm. 

<' It'leadoMtted lmtb»r, wkk 
iq^amit feiaomnce, that the :in- 
jtveafieof tberacd of half-oastv> it 
4i oadoCMa afviL I^ thaivibiis^ k 
4an IM protwd» that the «xicn«i6ii 
«#4ha ibftd to aproviuoQ for that 
nioe, wtil lend to their inoreasc^ it 
mtwt beadtnited that the tattitutioiiy 
vMi ctaAkexteMoo, will he vicioiit. 
•Tht ^T«ry cireunstaaoe^ that no 
•fiitricciaiu or impediiaieiilK hMve 
liithtrto pceventsd their growth, 
appears in ittelf to prove tiuit they 
'anuit kicrtaae amaungiy under a 
'WHtm of Mipport and. eoioaiAge- 

- *' It has 4iever been alleged bf 
tis, that the extenMn of dumiy 
to illegitimsite dttklrea, isavida- 
^Cfonof ^vina-kw; and the laboar 
<of oat oppeneots ia tomhitil^ 
-KiHili mnom ac^jiooent, each a po- 
-altiO0y txmiHesu a dltpotltioa to 
^uda tlie mal object of this dii« 
aisiicAi. 9«c we 89991, the $p$^ 
4iisifatmec^n whink pr^dtscetU" 
-it^ttmttft >Midrtn^ h a yiolatitm 
<ff AMm AtniT^ anid MvyffMk: 
ioeaimre of any bteiv of nMI, 
asndfiig to sanction fittcb a praoiide 
among themselves, or to anccWafe 
Mioh a practice,' by detracting frem 
Ibe odlom attending; if, and boldly 
discussing it in putuic, without af- 
fecting any coDcealment, i§ very 
'•Unfavourable to gencfral morals, and - 
*^ hurtlal (o society. 
12 " Tlie grand argtrmetrt tirgedin 
* Tdvouf of a public indthutlon for - 
the support of the iUcgidmate 
iftiJdren of the civil seHranta^ i«, 
ilie assumption th^ stmrlar insH- 
ititions ^--' •^ =» England. - Wfe afre « 
not afraid of contradiction when 



«tssts1nt£nfbaiidu • • .-^ -r .. yd 

" {ae.ta^ of Bongaii^tvail«irr 

mits, theaAiar^inidaci|rvaii|«^e€iJ^ 

JttKMKabto Coanpan|Fc tMs^, a» in 

5^ ka U9 e«|ablish a 6i9d jaritie 
mp^nrt of em: iU^OoKite ick^ 
dren/' Waa ^er any tiMBg 1^ 
ihia done iti JEodaad ? U afl^ 
body^ef mm to £m;huid were^itP 
isome for^fiiard in tMf ccN^poiale 
capacilyi, (£>r!«Mmfda» tbe iiatsoH 
bcun of Ih^ Heuae o£Coaft|BC)n»j.^ 
the Court of Diiectarirof the East 
India Ccmpany) and esiaWiafe/oa 
|rablic iasttoitaon IoTt \imlf ewn 
ill^timate chikhw; tbeOjindMi^ 
WDuM tbbra be an institutioii in 
England aBa%<i«& te ihai^yrofiwitd 
here. The Mmm^ eipFil feinraots 
ave a ho^r ^ oitsa <Mi|iieatii9dlr 
imr in mHiber, (littb nan^Ain 
hatf tkm Haow Hi €aiiiauH»> did 
.plaaad lA td^k • 9tiatiaiiiy , wdio 
adnsUualer jtharfavwMiank a£ 4»e 



country) aibd any ai)paaient.l 
faunadi^^ jqati^ and 4»^i.ttiged 
in favMr of the proposed extea* 
sion of the Mtitiiiion, would a{H 
{dy aconiate)y> and dritiiMit ibe wk 
-tiatloaof asu]|;k |ittaae»taao tn- 
atitntkm ibr thebanefitof tfa&iiit. 
fitaoate cjdktoes ai ihfr i 
nf any oaiyar«e ibddy «,L^__ 
^ WearieioiaRaMd, (Igr ifa^ieid 
•mm) tkft laEu^^ndithMe^ih aile 
Foundling Hoaprtal^ and tlnaiih^- 
tab, and tfaePhikDdnapiejSbeiety, 
Ibv duldetn o£cnadnid{{BtfeiMBi?<^lt 
ia4yi2e^tet iine,.iBid.nnay ikfaer 
kUdabto InstitiidenBi^rijIadMicteBn 
aacabtisbed; by; argQodr'aH|tien|fiao 
^wimerpat the vice ^ef tedifegriiad 
tnembeis. ^.-^nt^^ouat Ibeien^ieD 
be an esUUtafanoe^t fdc cdid^ii)^. 
gitimatcr oGhildreaiofi^riii^Bei^al 
OivU^ier^Mtri. WhjDOi^utoetheir 
illegitimate children be supported 



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-K^^flRMZ^SCODBnifCmj \Uj 



^^ 



ift- Wiji:«c>t<tiMMl/ i^4iei} time pm 
h/ cbeU own &tli4n#^«rib39 te 

vitti 4eliiM)r toil lM^»lfe>- a«ti to 

witiLt«2takiitr and ^eimii On tbo 
^IRNJ^ ocC3«ioOt "vc find ^tt'foniiGh- 
Aotiotii of 4)6^eii0y ind * correct 
46M6idt%ld aaicley and^ttoiissuitied 
^U of tlk^Udutd' dii]dlwi>.a*- 
fert^ ilitfaeboUbst niatftieii;' 

*' We bi^ l6flrf» td^relbr^ to 
t)Ql^Aiitii^^liddr6»> and to rcpoat 
<ttr iinb cd»Vkii0ti that the ei^ 
9M{if^Umdbdt^^y th^|»epo<ed 
loMMon^ <iC it^ ohjdctfi to ilfogrti^ 
iWil^4iildMii,^4i^ tbad to the 
'"defttfdctioh^ fStWc ]^ncipl«, to 
^ ^6Wffai^w^ ^ ^BtaeU^ied «id 
imci^litotMliydi^ «c^the encoct-. 
4i|et]^&drdf'fl^<lftiOatioD and vioe, 
'mba^^hgtMl^ ofrlbe cbaraetur of 
^ifi^^tetdtaaitVlQid «o^ti» in}tiry 

-;« r,'.': . >; ■ rr- ■>./ r - • 

^ , ;A ;|«JW|.» AGED Jf^ja.* 

>J^ciBiB9L0tpfnk9cii it is:iiot sof- 
'ioeot to a^ytlMtxoiKKibinagiB wiU 
'noitrher endoiwased^ Isy en^miiiug 
ibii jidiofit M^ tho^initiintioii to.Hs 
"4Apiagi \ i conDenddiat tt should 
^^tediaoaiiiigcd hj awy pcftctkabde 

. Y»f 'jiocon^BOft that fb& tiling gfiD6- 
!tatifa^ih<|iy»fbi prerenlod. if pov* 
.xUeyvfan! wamiiri^-^fceBtfdvct 

tu'jaaaen^le duttvooe, 
•wiihvthe impQftiiiiste 
nthiimi'of a^mreftched iinulyy te- 
#rttwiog reptttariottf lontatlwiff 
i^WAkr^f^Jefaeir family aiod fiiends. 

• Mr. Tucker, the 



i0v^4 ctotMiy i^ jkQg:4brr>^* 
{•abli0!gtxid> oc«ar —rnitappte^*. 
We d^ the hoar, of . d^^iarliiire 
until we lose our £ngi«b ldoa9« 
our Eaglith affections ;. mMr i^ 
fiioky wm forget the diatiadsoB-bot 
tweett a concubtue and a wtf^ ^ 

f It i» a circumstaoot iQoiitt4i»> 
gular, but most honouraUe^. t»^thti 
rktng gemhUioD, and to the cha- 
racter of that service,. that thejttr 
nior members of it^ttlnoat. without 
eaoetttiott, haveahewtt thea)is«lva<» 
ctti this occasiooy the wans adw* 
cattfl of virtue, and have fttpported 
with animaoed sxaly those AKnal 
distioctient -which coostttute tte 
great basis of civil joctety.** 

After the . d]3cu«»iou h«d beeo 
mamtained ft^acoottdefsdiileiime, 
the two parties formally diifided, 
neotkf m. eqiual aumher^ each 
poxipoBiag a 6aad of their oyin, the 
Qoe fund to include iUe^timal* 
childreo ; mid the other. lo exehida 
thian. ThB};^hav6 8Ubmil4e4 tisus^ 
Mgpective plans tor thftgovetftorr 
geoeial in touncil, praying kifi e%* 
c3eileocy*s sanctioo- of ^n«^ a^d 
fdsohis tecofmHendatilti t€(il)«b9* 
nonraUe thecouit of directdrsv . In 
the ^neajft tkno# hiSi-^criimsy has 
baeneogagoo^a fronts of Anotlkfr 
kind with the Mahractas^ aodJias 
had' no tinaertoootioecNviieooteA- 



** £t ad hue sub }udlce Us tsC^ 

The old. civil servants allege, 
that the court will not vote with 
the college/ The young men again 
^m coniident that tlie court of di- 
rectors will ever support the col- 
lege, as long as it. continues to ctjltt" 
. rish reli^ous and virtuous senti- 
ments, and to maintain prihclpfes 
BO salutary to the public service. . 

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AaATR ANNUAL XBQISTBft, 1804. 



MxtrmtitimmH Gde, m hturd iki 

tmde 2^, 24' emU. 

AboM ux degrees east of cape 
Booh f^ehaA m very seveie ^lle 
of wind at N. W. whieb 
mmd, with little intenaunoii, tiar 
.iriwut 22 bogn. 

tn the forenoon, hefi>re the gale 
cKne on> the sky was pemeakMy 
dear, portioalKly ib tlw W. and 
N. W. quarter, where theie wat 
hardly a cioad to be aeea, except 
very small detached steeaks, of a 
dork puqple colour, which change 
their igure very qoickly $ some- 
times disappearing entirely, while 
others enlarged withoat any visible 
vapoar or cloud near them. 

Nothing indicated bad weather 
bat the barometer, which l&d fidlea 
^le^ienthf in sixteen hoars pre- 
TtdnTi to the gale. This circum- 
ataooe, and the quicksilver conti- 
nulng to fall that morning, fortu- 
tiMlty induced the captain to make 
the necessary pfTsparattoiis for bad 
weather J so that, bytlie time it 
came ott, every thii^ had been 
done that caution could suggest. 
Before eleven o^clock, the top-gal- 
laat yards were got down, and, by 
Doon, the top-saik and fore-siui were 
handed, and the ship laid tb, ureter 
the main-saii, mlzen, and mizen 
itay-sails. About two o'clock, struck 
top-gallant roasts. About noon, 
the wind freshened to a very hard 
gale« and continued tobkiw with 
great* violence aU Ihe afieraoan» 
and dnrtdfj^ ^ nMt, ^tf^-n very 
darmi^ sea, wh^ tnade the ship 
to rott£r gomiels under, and, at 
time^tokibottrniooh, The'height 
fif the nritoodof the sea, appeared 



to he Ihxn tM haoiaof 
Mght wi thive in the : 
whea the Ibaoe of the wind 
abated; hnt it «b 
hi very heavy squalb, with dfi a g Ti i^ 
and some faaU, tiU p«t tuna 
when the gale hnoke, 
leaving a very hi^ s««il ; which 
did not abalir aaudi aiH that d^r. 
The captain had* never seen a se- 
vemr gale, to eoothrae so long, nor 
aoUghsaaB, hMk, tetSMfeiiy, the 
ship suiitaiaed ii» maiarial < 
Her joily-baat, on the 
quaner of the peop, was store by 
the v»ie«oe of the aea« and fart 
of it washed away. The atfn- 
s^ wasspltt inlheevesMig, aiw« 
wete lying-to, and the matn to^ 
sail, viiich was set to eaae the riup 
in her ndliq{, wasaM >{dk: 

For sane thne faefbae the i 
the woealher was very 
the ^, at tknes, leaded wi^ 
clouds, with 'ftequent and 
hgfatnnng, porttadar^ the i 
before, when it wis 
tntense» ittumhiatlng every pfit ii 
the sky, "but whh nK»t br9kacy« 
and more forked, fhm the N. W. 
The appearance of lt^>in>^ of 
the cape, ts genetalfy^ ittnaftad by 
seamen as an iwtintfiflti of tW 
weather. 

About midnight, durioff tiia giie, 
the barometer began to ijae,,.jHMl 
ootttiBued . tisitig aH tfaattilgul'*awl 
the nest day. 

Rom the gale to^thb TOtfi, %te 
had Ught 'variable b s aea e a , and 
«r weather. On^ itaa avLa Aesh 



noon, iar 



eape, hafcig at 
n^9gf,'ir, and m ] 

itMr feagoas firoiai 

... iuird'> 

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,1 A. 



V '^.^ , 









^MR^WTELhlQENeS^, 









flt^^^tpmng T^tffteS *aft itMrted as neeessarn ip en^Uft 

, "^/^d^.rjmdqr^ of iKg^^i^uter to imkmand, . tko Jlrm^g^ 

-: j&memmts^and ikf CBCcmTmcdl calculations which\uJ^€aT^ 

^- ?•-.•' wv= , > * • '« 

ijjp^^^ OnrisgjFfi^il^'iwd Mtasures in various Part/ (jf'hidla. 

:f^^: -"bengal., _ ■ , ■' 

, CoiNS.-^T&cy keep "tlieif aaccunts m iraifiDtfty coiw, called currgut 
rupees, annas, aiid pice. • ^ 

1^ taitcfiLpice. . 1 ^^- r ' 1, cprrenl anna ' ' "' . ^ 

id cunenLanaas.. / \ I current rupee .^^ ,^ 

^ To tbis currency mast all real specie be reduced, before any sym can 

jc cateriid into books ul' accounts. " - 

- 4 S"^^ irioliiir, o« ,gold iTipee, '\^i^ 7 dwts. 8i. grains troy/'piii 
jm .- . horn 1 .^ to 15| silver rupees. . The most .common silv/?!* Colny^i^ 
^ jf one aicca, weight of / dwtg. H grains, andis'tbus'diyi<^e<J;.\ 

1 sicca ru|>ee ii l6 aunai, or lZ&-55|;i^ins. . ' \ ,."*. ' 
i anna 12. pice. . ..-...'. 11-12.* ","^ « ^* . ' 

'■ 1 pice k equal to, . ^ . . . . ^ . r'gS , ! ^ ' . 

ries, or sea shclk, made use of fpr paying cPoUos, kc^aie^ Xtplir 



K- 



JUb ; 



4 cowrieB, 



.^-■ilXur 




ieB..*^Y ^• r * ^"^ •' '"' •' ** 
!fe>i!t'i-'i' • * : t. J .current rv^e 



j^JQ|(Ung to thd jp,I^tyrbr.sCarci^*,of .ib^m. 



AiiaABidrlingi 



iwfi 



. •;2Qik:k.;& 



^n .ii;^k . ' [jCiviAteiamoii^. 



. «if. • ^ <ii • « *4 lAfaHiifetltB lilFfOi 

BnrtQgiff^ Madeira. Mill-ira 

China , Tale. 

I^dns Star pagoda. .. 

I^ttD I Swamy ditto.. 



dotitf. 



igi4.j.ali'M jrieCtfnipeai 



•At 24 foe 10 Mca supM-i ? 



-.«.vj 



«d 



at 2i sicca rupees, 

at 3^ : sicba rupees. 

at d| kicea rupees, 

at 4 sicca rupees. 



•ui t^ 



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50^ ASIATIC ANJJJUAL ^J^l^ISTE^ 180i. ^ ^, , .^ j; 

Countries, . ^ 

Aiwerh^. '; : H*Ctitrfcncy trfBe eo^vfrtcB into ftounds sterliog^ as folloFws : 
N^ England I By multiplying by 3, and dividing Jjy 4 . t • ^ 



Nc\«^ York- .\ f Bj|r multiplying by p, and dividiig by 1 ff ; . , , . 
fenrtSylvaTira.. I ' ditto, by 3, dit^o by 5 * * ^j/ 

86uthCar6Hna i By d^cttrig l-27th p^t ' '■ * • .'^ '^ ^^-^^ ^ '^ 



i{ 



©eoi'gia/../.. I ditto 

^'Thfe pound iterKitg to be rated as above, at !rt) steda rdpeerf. Vfhkrt 
dfe invoice* are in d^lars, the dollar to b^rite^ at 12^ ^icca^^pe^ , ' ^' 

Jff co^parafwe Vi^tw of the relative Faliie oj^ ihe severed penp^ma^^^ 
'J i. ■: ^ qJ Kypces generaliy usedin ^eepiiig Accounts, " ;. ! . 
"'" ' ' , . Curfcni Rupetst, ^'^ 

'^ ^<X) Siccarupees (Calcutta) are equM to. 1,7/,. . 116 ' Q 0^ .'[ 

100 Sonaut. .. . '. . , . ^V.\7.:.\ TlV/ fli 6., ;" 

100 Bombay .^ \.-^.,\ ,::,^ifi^:i^/lfi\ 

looArcot : ..;v.;v.*j:>i08, ;o Oj ^ 

iSicca TiupeeSjf 
100 Current rupees, are equal to .86 3^ .$.21-2^/ ^ ., j 

"' ioo Arcot rupees .'1)3 J* 'J^ '25«29, .'Jl ? 

^ ioo Bombay rupees <• ^r • « • 94^3 , 2. ^?p^; . . x 

100 Sonaut rupees ....:.;..•. _. . gs 1 f ,; 6\^lii-Jjgj ^ 

''^ ^* • N. B.— The sUr pagoda weighs.,.',^. .; 2 ' \ 4|^. ^'^' \V!i \ X 
- The. sicca rupee weigliS; 7 ^ 11-50 it 



WEIGHTS, ' , jQ ^ 

A Comparative View of tlie several JOfnom'^nation^ '(^^ Greai Weights 

used in different Parts, of India, ^c. 
The Bengal factory maund and its ftac^ipjnal parts reduced to English 
avoirdupois w^ght, according ta the standard received from Europe 
in 1/87. . il^s, o%s. cb's^: ^4^c. 

1 6 Chittack, make 1 seer avoirdupois.. .,'.' i 13, 13 , .S3 

40 Seer^ 1 maund. ,. v ...;., . -74 10 i^j fid 

A Maund.. /. .......,., 74 10 jy^/. Oj»5 

, ;.20 Seer., . /;..,.. . ,.. . ........... .,^..37,,,, 5::;^:^m .LioO 

"10 — •'.... ....,..,»......, ,'jrd 10 10 606 

5 -T-r. ...... ...,..y,. .;.../.;... 0/5/ 5 333 

|-^:;:t?':^:i:^r:-;^;^::::::::;:t,t?-^ 
8.chi«^;:::::::':';:;i^;;:;::::::D:;« 







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WEIGirfS \n1> M^ASuftES.'' Beko al and Madkas. 51. 

"' \ .. ,^ • .'.'.••, ♦ - • - > ^^^ 9%,4rM 

A Candy of 20 mauhds at,'JVIadras,' is 6/28 O of 500 , O ^^. 

AGorse <..;..., /..j. ^.. ^,,.. 123 39 O.-- 92^6 Ct ^Qr* 

A Candy of 150 vis of Pegiie , , . 6 28 O -r 500 (k 

A Bahar, or 8 capins of Jonkceyjoiif.. . . . 6 20,. a>--, 485k }'5iv"5^ 

A Baliar, or 3 picul of Malacca.. .' 5 10 1 1 — 405 . O ^Qy 

4,Pi<aU,or5ftcattx^f,$iapj.^ ..^. l\ 29 10 ~ 12g .0 i O 

A Candy, or 20 niacin^*. ^ Anjcngo. , . . , 7 20 O — . 56q O .,Q» 

ACandy,or20-: ^ at Cochin. . 7 11 0—543 8 

A Candy, or 20 , at Tellichtirry.^. . 8 2— 6OO Q 

A Candy, or 20 , at Goa 6 25 2 — 495 O 

A Candy, iji 20 -, at Bombay. ..... 10 72 — 76O O O 

A Candy, or 20 , at Surat .... lO 0— 746 12 O 

At Surat a pucka maund is used, which is ' ' j 

equal i6 the Calcutta factory maund— 

10 of these maunds make a candy, . 
At Bussorali two different sorts of maunds 

are used^ viz. 

One of 2^ vekis, equal to 6 15 4j — 20. 8 

Onerf7(J , -.. r-^-,. 1 8 5— 90 4 O 

The CuKtom-house maund of Muscat, by 

. whfch gross articles are weighed 411— 812 

A Bahar of 15^32611, at Mocha 5 38 .6—445 O O. 

A Picul of 100 catties, at Canton 1 1 6- 133 5 5 

MEASURES. 

1 Measure is 5 Seers 

^ Ditto, , 40 Ditto . ^ -. .^ 

Tlie Covidin cloth mefiiWC is 9 i^^lics. 

;' ,. ,^ MADRAS. 

'' ' WEIGHTS. ll' OZ, 

20 Pagodas weight are. .... 1 Pollam.... :0 1.25. 

.'40 PoUams. I Vi^. 3 2 

!*l3 Vis.. ...... , 1 Maund 25 

^^' Maunds... . , I Csindy 500 

Gold, Vibugljt or wnwrougbt, to be sold by the current pagoda, weight 
V ^ poising each pagoda, 2 dwts. 4j grains. 

G^lAtN* AND DRY MBASURB. Cuh, Itiches^ 

•'';i Ollock... .: 1 11.719 

^^^8 6llocks. 1 Measure or Puddy 93.95 

^ ' 8 Mea.sures. .',.....;...! Marcal 750. 

^'^% Mkrcdli.. .^ . ; 1 Parrah 3750^ ' , 

3^ KJarc^b*., .:'... ..... 1 Garce 300000. _ 

The^krcal and Jesse^nieasures were ordered, when made of wood, 

to be roiimi aA4 riAime^ with iron or brass, and to be 9^6 inches 4eep, 

and lO'd^fecfcs diameter ipsidex aivi to ^old ;27lb..^b2.^5[4r. aV.Q\^flH- 

poise of freik well ,watq-,* *' ", ' . . '.. .* ' / ^ v't . r . 

Note.T^When grain is 'sold by weight, ^25(i^\b. are allowed |o a garce. 

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54 ' kStkrtm ANNUAL AfiGlSTfiK; 48o4. 

, * ' ' " tiatJio irftxst7B£. 

; Vtit Pnddy, by which ^ilk, ghee, oil, and sqme other liquids, are 
kfldj 18 ccjoal (o.tftfe ^uddy in grain measnre, corttainhtg 8 ollucfc^j 1)4 
ior \Hne; spifiS/^. the Efigiish measure is used. 

J-AKD MEASURE. * . 

60 feet lG»ng and 40 broad is a groosid or mauny, tdntmniitg 400 squar6 

24 jgrdonds or maunres^ arfe 1 cawny; centring 5f6(iCf&qmr€ f(*^t. The 
JSbglish iere is (6 the Indian cawny, a$ IQO i$ tor 12T, or as 1,32201 to 1. 

'' ' ' ■ ' • • .' 

' * ' BOMlAT. 

* ^ <^ftcai are I tTrdec _ [. 

4 ^^^* • • • — ^ DoDgany, or single piece 

'^ Acas, or 3 Urcteei — 1 l>oreea " 

8 Reas, or 4 Urdeea.. . . . . , —^1 Foddei or dbuble pice 

3 and l*8th Fuddeas or Pice ^ ]* Anrta 

12^ Pice, or 4 Annas — 1* Quarter Rupee 

25 Pice, or 8 Annas — 1 Half Rupee 

50 Pice, or l6 Ann^s — 1 Rupee 

^ 5 Itupees, or 80 Annas -^1 Pauncliea 

' ' 15 Aupees. ...... . — I Gold RfoLur ' . , 

* ImagiTtary. 
' Sikh ' is the rclatii^e trfjie of Bombay current and imaginary 
d^inij Mrli9e in adcomH they arc confined to the following reckoning 
lOO Reas - malCs 1 Quarter.— 4 Quartci^ 1 Rupee. 

As to the intrinsic value of their coins, we find from Stevens's 
Guide, th'af the board of government in Decembfci- l/^^8, filed the 
kandard weight of tiie Rupee at 178-314 grains; ^nd in 17/4, that 
the gold mohur was directed to be coined of the same weight, and 
to pass for 15 of the silver rupees ; while in fineness it shouki be equal 
to thei Venetian, thereby preserving about the same ratio at which the 
precious metals pass in tlie market. » 

The fi&UoWing table of sdnfie assays made af iombt^, hy shewing the 
. centisimal pai'ts of alloy which they contain, will display'the s^iecifh: value 
'of a variety of coins that occdstdnally pass with them as the medium of 
commercii exchange. It is also worthy of remark, tRat ifew or none 
of thek own rule's exist in circulation 5 from a" ^iyil^ge granted io 
the nabob/of SiU-af, whose silver coinage Xva? permitted to circulate 
indiscriminately with that of the Botnbay mint, end being by the abuse 
of this pJ-ivilege so much infeiior in value> iias usurped' tHe sole currency 
of ,th^ plai^. ' ' ' ' . 

' >" ^^ ' ' 'SiLYfiR COINS. ^ '" ^' ' 



Britisli standard of silver 

coin 7 56 

A Bombay rupee : . . . . 2 15' 

A Surat rupee of the pre 



An old ditto. . . . /.'. . . .V. .ir)56 

' A Pondicherry rupee 3 .41 

A* N<?<^'^firW^ra rupee 12 08 

Ah bid ditto: ;, : ; 9 43 



sent cdin^e..: :; . . /. . . .'.'7 48^ ' Ah" Otikdiy"r^ei&: 16 



A ChandeiTy rupee 6 11 

A Goa pftrdoe.. . "0 ~ 

New Broach rupee 7 75 



A Bussora crux 58 OS 

A' Sukannee half rupee. . . . 7 — 
A Spanish dollar Ao. 17J)0 10 07 



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w^mp^im*^ffm» ofm^^. -m 9f>¥»^^- . <« 



An old Spanish 4 real fkCf^, 
New G^m^ ctoyra. . . . ., 1 

Cdnagp of . pnams for the 
Coast of this, year from 
Gergoan crowns, ...... ^, 12 20 



A Guinea British standard. . a 33 
A niiKit^en ^un e^cca gold 

mohiir • • • • ,. r.- • ? 65 

A Bonjbay gold fnohi^r. ... 4 66 



^ of fanams for this 
^oasl of this year from ^ 
Chander^y run^ps^ ....... 7' 58 

A Cannanore ^na . : 8 €$ 

An 9l(| fanam goloQd at die 
presidency 

A Star pagoaa ^ , .Ip '-^ 

A Hyderee hoon 18-5- 

A Sukanny b©9n.> . , 1 1 75 

Calicutt fanam* 46 50 

• Theiefana;u9 coataine4 in 100 p'aits 17.50 copper, ancj 29 of silver 
On the 10th Fv.-bruarv, 1802, the Bombay government prdere^ that 
coins of ^oid in the Mirjt should be of 94 instead of 52 touchy ^r ^ IpQ 
pjrts, difcj should contain in future only () parts of alloy, 

' '*' '*'"'" SMALL OR SjfflfiR WEIGHTS. * " ' ^, ' ^ 

Y '"'^d Chowe.. ./...:.. ;......: are 1 Gonze '^**;' ^\a* 

I " Cf Gonze ; — 1 Vall >' '«' *^:>^ 

40 V^nlls, or one rupee. — 1 Tola » V^^'-* 

2A: Tolas. . — 1 Seer ' 

Silver is commonly sold frona 90 to 100 doganies, or sjngle pice pei 
tolj, but computsktiohs in money Are made by the fuddeas, or dpuble 

•*^^' • - • ■' ''' . • " . ■ / : 

^ONG MEASUR.E. 

18 Inches, ot tussoo. aref 1 Iteat orCdti^ * ^ 

38 Inche$^ ^,, ,,, ^ .,,.., ^ -^ 1 jQpz 

The Eiiglish yard of 36 inches is in comthon use. 
N. B. Fifice gpod^ ^d a few other articles, are sold by |^e corge of 
20 pieces. ' , . 

DRY ^EASURE. 

2 Trpc^^ ! aie 1 Seer 

4 Seers. .* — 1 Adowly ot |11y 

16 Addwlies — 1 Parah 

8 Parahs. ". — 1 Candy ' 

This scr\'es for wheat and all grain^ except rice or batty, Vrhich is sold 
^by, the batty measnr^,j3§ follows : 

2 Tip^eps, are 1 Seer 

.. ." , 7i Seer, ..*:... — 1 Adowley 

20 Adowlies .*..'. T. - — 1 Parah 

/^ . \^[ .. Q^ Parahs. . . :...!..,....— 1 Can^dy , ^^ , ..-, 

4 Candy, 01^25 Parahs. . .' — 1 ^oora '^. ^ 

N. B. A bag of rice weighs 6 maunds, or 168 lb. and acii^i^ 
.,.^ual to aboi^t '.^5 bushels. ' * 

u . flALT. 

;!,,,!. Has a particular measure, as follows : * ' / ^ 

., ^ ^ 16b B^^kets are piie anna, pr2| ton«. ' .^ T^ .,* 

'■ li:>00 Baifcets^ or^jQani^as, pnerash, or 46 b;Js.'|*^ \,^' 

' » iTnr • ■' 



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BOMBAT OBSA#- WBI6RT8. 

Cwt. qrs, lbs, oz. drs, 

1^:30 Piocaxs.. .1 Seear, or — — — 11 1 

•^ :::40 Seers 1 Maixnd^ot *— l — — • **- 

"UO Mnncb. . . 1 Candy* or -6 — * — — ^- 



^, ' . StJRAT. 

x ^ .. .-.Hwi. ffffix* its. (w. drs. 

90 Fice are. . 1 Seer, or -*- — — 14 15 
40 S^ers. .^. . 1 Mund -^^ ,1 9 f 6 

20 Munds. .. 1 Candy, 6r K 6 i2 21*^ 4 2 
AltUdugh the foregoing tables re^esdnt the cofcMMtiJ^r* received 
standard of the gross weights at Bombay and Surat, ii.ift.iH»t only im- 
posnibte laky down a rule wher^ to 3^^^ wbatrfzomoaodtlief >tnr the 
4titt4et are^aepavflely gqyemed by theisb;. "bit Jheceav. Or tgnmi,, variety 
of articles, too numerous to disfihguish hiere, in the sale of whic^ Jt|ie 
ibreging relatipnrdo not obtaia«. |«rti(hi)iudy.wi!tb.seffect to the Surat 
mawid^ whicb, notwithstanding it is said to contain only 40 seers, or 
37 pov^uls, 7 .ounces, and 6 drains, is>9i))etiiBesv41; 2^3^ through aU 
the intermediate gradations up to 46 seers ;l nor is the.cai«l)^ uniformly 
~ confined to 20 maunds^ Ibr example^ pepper, and sandalwcMt are sold 
by the Bia^ay aatd^'of 21 nmundsv and cotton, the gte^ ^^1^ <^<'™*' 
^»0iediily ff.ibeiraiarket^.l9y;the i!yr(»/ra»% maunds^ '. / f\> 

CMJCUT Aji» aXLUCHERRY. 

COINS. \' - ' : 

16 Taw, or Vis, are 1 Galtee Fanam 

5 Itotmft* ..,. iJUipee 

^ ,-. J. .^ . • WEIGHTS. . ... 

100 Pool are 1 maund. . . .^ 30 lb. avoirdc^oise 

20 Maonds 1 Candy. 60O 

5 Do are a)«iai to 6 Btfadras inaunds 
•»' *' 1- Criifeutin|od»2'4wts. 21 grs.troy •■- >>' 

MEASURES. .4.. .' . ! 

1 Coridie,; .^»w../. .... . 18 loebes 

9'Ji ij:;t,Gazis.......^ /;.... :.u. :.r...ja8.2do.. 1 ^^ ^v 

♦ i.j.i"if)U; I. .'■. ... ,"....■ ' . M . » mu ij' /!jt^ /;/: .^^j . • -:, ^ 

MOGHA. *:<T,i^ 

The coins of this country aft* ttdf c^ets and commassees, which rise 
^*n4>6U«ccdrdmg to the silver in them -, but accounts are kept in dollars 
luftiica^ars'. ■^'- v." . -..J i 

^ I Giupat ^^v/;.*.^....<v. '*!^ '^I2!7"^ 

' i y Gfcnts. ..... ,.1 ^C^mnssee. . •,. . O o dd^y < : 

^ 6b Gbmrnasseep.'; ^^BpartishdoUar. .,.*/0c oft^^d- ) i-*: 

- i fili Clivcars, . . . .w V>?Mi»cha dollar. :\'; U6" £ 4t^ fl-^ ? <if 

100 C<jiiimaiseiiis<^J4'iS^«ki*';'.';A.'c'..Jii,^jior>'r* p^-^ii^d xiH / 

f > 0^ Lirins I Tomand ^^ .T^Ji^ to 

^ 4i lWenHlitf.''p»bduowiy4bMata;^ll»thfeat^ i 

4- b* 



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1 



W£iGin!^'MaBffiuiwstd3iyau//^ ^ 

' ^ ^. W. dwtS. 

1 Ctfet... ...r. ..-.• /.... ..* O O 'O- 

Ift Carats^makel. 1 Cofiala... »..., O O l^- '9.12 

24 1)0 i. -..1^-1)0.4 Miseal. O H^'^' 1,37 

10 Caffalas I Vakta. O .1— 9-13 

li Vakia . . .1 Beak O 1 lO 13.68 

87 Vakias... . .100 SfMoiabMkn 7 4 73 » 

'nootNk cvsroM kovsi weights. 

P5 VlTia.'tf ... J 1 ^ttle. .. vv i '...... ^ . avoir. I 2 

40 V)ikia.4...>'l Maund ». ;....: 8 O 

- ^laMaoMdB. . A*l .»«axtt...v.».... ;*. .. 30 •«)» ^ 

'- ' -16 Flaib. . ;;;t Bahaar . ;^ . • .'.... 450 o. . , •. 

- ' I Babifar 'is.e4}ttat tv H^ Bombay maunds, or 18 Madraa suMunii, 
T«r>va^iiMnaidfttr5>lMiiM» of ^mt, 6r 6 Bengfll factory matmdf l^Q^fa 

iitcnt-"^ t"-.»a>r .nil.- .-1 ^.:f V' 

. ' . • ^^vwriAFATCw ooiToif aovsB vatoBTSi - . .* 
^' =•■■ '^i' - i;fifin: "U, '0%, dwU* grsi '.\ ' 

•ui yir.^JhatkdPw^^ttof a ^ It) 13-4 : ':^ 

y;u^- vio lifaimd.i; ^ . 1 1 Fraati. . ; .. . 20 5 9 . 14.4' - m: 

t ' imOFniaiU;#.r;.tl-Bahaar. .......814 — •-* — — ,.- ^ 

^imf 'Vaicias^ Is 1 mula^ and d rattle rnaaond in cofi^. • 
290 Vakiai h' i ^iail) and 4o aU other gQod»» >J tvkkiaa^ toa Mlkj^ 
The rattle is only used ia the bazar as well at Mocha as at BeetlcfakM, 

\' I . r • MEASVJhaS. ' ' ^ ' 

1 Covid of. * 18 Inches 

':>i» GtML'w. .1. . ....'2d dittar ' . 

1 Loog Jam Covid 27 dktoi. 

40 Kellas 1 Tomoiaod^ nod weighs l68lb. in Rice. 

-^-1 V. f ' LiaVlDB. * . * V 

16 Vakias. . ..» j, /.. ; 1 Nufieab : 

8 Nufieahs 1 Gudda/^rbk^ b aboat 2 GalloDS, orlSibs. 
Cotton is S0I4 per Harraffi, wiiich ar» <knagiiiafy> aod'9 tivraffs are 
Hi Mocha Dollars. 

1 Dkt* hJ 1 M. DoUar. ..22 CmrearswOi ( 

The weights are:sdd»n exact, and the sroaller they arr,7thd greater the 
difference, though they rectify them yearly l^ the weights of the Imau's 
Shroff. *• ^ ' M . r/ . 

v.n tj-.^^U ..'-.: r.TTir - > ' BATAVIA.' ^ .;..* V v.- r- ^ft 

1 Doits 1 Cash or Doubleskye . a^c^ei^^ 

3 Cash or Doableskyes 1 Sattalie O O 7.5 

6-€ash or 2 Sattalies, \ Sooka ♦fi^ I 3 

15 Cash...). ..a v. .i-Jtapee; ^tc^^ ^ 1.5 

24 CasborWStWers.. .li-Vjj I iR»l^?>Qllar.^>'i;icrQfcTi(fl) ^ O 

39 Casb oril3 Sfcilling8atJVv.Mci)»Mtopo .TK'#vi3D <ifl 1.5 ' 

1 RixDoUar-^eOilightStiTers^rt^lftilcpaidojaati^Amt^O 001 

of ^larf, &^ h.iw^c T. .[ vwifil <ft O 

1 GoldDacatk^«ifdDcM^raM(S|i^!Pi!SMc«Mi^Utl9«Kf^i^ 3 
1 Japan Coopaog, stamped, is current for 30 R. Dollars 7 10 O 

♦d4 



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1 Catty. , avoirdopoise. l 4 

100 CaMio* 1 P^puL*,..,.., ^.,,. ,.. ,.,......,.,.., 135 O 

3 Pe<*cd I Bahar. 409 - O and 

are equal l6 M^dn^ M^up^s I Vip 24 PoU^uos. . 

1 Mcdfi^re •• ...«» 4» Gaiitoins 

46 Measuces or 230X7antoi)ai.>, r»4^»>«j.^. «•....,... H Lts(,andif 
equal to 3Qq6 1^3ds povu)# v^wdiafoii^ 

396£«Da%ii:e ; «... 4..... l Leagef .«f Arrac^ 

360 Ditto • ,, . ..X- ^. \ ,Wtt»of Wine. 

12 Tbumlai or Jpchiss, are. , . . ., ^ . . . w . . ♦ 1 Foot. 

?7 Di^to Pitto^.. ,......, ^. ^..^.•,. ..*.*!,. ;1, pa 

'; . .! " ■ . '/CAWTON. '.,/<u r. "..''*> * ; * 

ffyetal» called a cashi ^cl is used to pay coolies, labourers, aad foi;MM)l 
payments in BjOfur^ .. .v: >.i . ., i 

^H^ IIONXY OR TH« WBI6»TS» , 

, , . inAii^icfcacfpvmts.a^ekep^rar^ .iff^s.* d, 

IQ pf these Ggshtip^ 1 CaodMin^^.iT. .-.,a P4^a 

10 Candarines^ ,.,.... ... *,. 1 Mate,v. .... .* . -. » Q IX^ 6- 

lOMa<^.. ... .,>,*i...l Tale ^..O. 6 8 

^. j: ^ Xrfefe ,....>..».. .,...♦..^.•♦..1 p 0: 

100 Tales should weigh..^ ,,^ . .k*. .*...> *. .. ^ . 120 16 

iOO-S»aotsh.Do|lm......,,., ,.,,,.,..,, Ba^ 13 

.; . . Alucp.Cmn, 

1 Qir»n Tray,. . , . , .. ,.;...,.. a .jO 

Pe«»3rWei^4-...f ^-.•^.P.4. 

f, Oi^ice-. .,. .....,,..» ^ 8 % 

1 T^le weighs .avojrdJupjQise. ..... Q 

16 Tales ^e I. Catty I 

JOG Catties 1 Pecol 13.3 

25 Cantas of Sooioo. 1 Pecul of Rice of aqp Catties. 

* HftASU»|i». . .1 : "- 

, ^ _ , If) Punts arp l CoviA, equal to 14^625 inches. 

The finest gold among tTiem ia 100 touch, calleii Syc^, i. o. pope gold 
witiitmt alloy : so that if a shpe fi giM touch 93, then it Lath 93 paru 
of £ne gold >nd 7 parts alloy. 

<tolti is bought by 10 tMe- wfigKt, for upop tli^t q^i^Dtity th«y make 
tliejr price in silyer. : j. .- ., . * , .^ 

\Vne9 gold js sold above or under touch, you ipust ^4d fQi or subtract 
irqaxy the toyich. As if it touch 96> ai^d is to be sold at 4 ^nder 'touch, 
Aeq pfrofp 9^ takje 4>.the remainder is 92 j then is 9. jt-AO^s of .silver to 
be ppid jbr 1 of that of gold« }£ gold is at ^6 lQu^h> arid ta h^ sold at 
8 above touch* thep add^ to gl5, t^^ sum is 104 j 4fm l^^e 10 4-:10thi 
of ajlvei* to |>e.paid for 1. of 'gold. , / 

U China all soits^ ^Qy'mmf as.UiHft, fpwte ^^, grews> &?• ai» 
soldJbyrtefAlUy,. , . . .^ . • ... -. <. , . ... 



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19-75 


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^SAXARIES OF CIVIX SERVANTS 

IN THE BAST INDIES. 



jfislrttct tf an Mi of ParUamtnt, passed in the Tkirty^Mrd Yesir of 
"thi Beign i)f kU presseni Mnjesty* 



I. Ttot no office, place, or em- 
plovment. tbc aaJary, perquisites 
ana emdiqments, whereof, sKall 
^iceec! 5(W. s*rlfng per antiiAn, 
itedl be conferred brt any tSvfl ser- 
vant, who shall not have been ac- 
tuaDy resident in Indffia, in the 
company's service, fot" tiie ^teaf 
three ymis^ in the whole', antece- 
ieot to tfife ^poxnttnent to io(^ 
office.' ^ *" ' 

II. *niif nb place or employ- 
ment. Hit Sdafy of which shall 
exceed 15Q0?.%terlmg per anpunj, 
iball be conferred noon any of the 
said servants, who ^all "not hare 
been actually resident 'in India in 
the civil service, fbr <he space of 
six years, in the whole, antecedent 
to th^ vacancy to i)e svpplied. ' 



ITI. An offk^e vi^ith a salJi^tyj &«. 
<7f 3000/. Sterling per anftnro. Is 
iiot fe be conferred on any servant, 
Vho shall tiot have been ^ifte years 
m the whole, resident in India, %i 
the conripany's servke. 

JV. No atHce of 4000/. sterling 
per annum; shall be cenferred on 
^ny servant, who' has not beeo 
twelve years, in the ^^•hdJe, fesident 
in India, in the service. 

V. N^ person \j\ fntore ^hall be 
■deefoed capable of hdding, in the 
civil line of the toihpany'A iJfervioe, 
two or more offices, places, ^r eni- 
ployment, the joint araonnt of this 
salaries, perqnisiees, afrd emolu- 
ments of which shaH fexceed, m 
the' whole, the-s^ms pfescribed by 
these regulations. • 



ENTITLED TO HOLD «Y- AlJT OP PAULIAMBNT. 

c- : '..- :eo.'..^,.,...t>...* 6,9<)5 ,..,1^00^ 

9. 33,99P. .*,♦<-.,. •r r3^!?> 



Ab0?e \2 aoiount unlimited. 



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i'%9''']i^ '■^'^'' ' ' ''" '^ ■ - ^ ' i/'' 



RfiiKtJLATlONS RBSfKCTING MltlTi^IW" OFylCEM; 

RETIRING FROM THE COMfANV'S SSRVICE. 



Every officer after twenty-five 
years service ia India, three years 
forotieftirloagh being iRohxied, is 
allowed to retipe with the pay of 
d)04Bnk to which he has attaiBedj 
but such pay is to be the same oiily 
as that allowed to officers- of iiv- 
iantry. 

• A lAember of the Medical Board, 
who has been on that atatioo not 
less than five years^ and not less 
than twenty years an Iddia, includ* 
ing three years for one fiirlough, is 
permitted to retire from the sesvice, 
and alloM^ 500/. per annum. 

A surgeon of a geoetal hospital, 
who has been in that stetioa not 
less than five years, and whose 
.peripd of service has been not less 
.tliatttwenty years, including three 
years for one fiirlough, as aboise, is 
permitted to retire from the service, 
and allowed SQOL per annum for 
life. 

All other surgeons and assistant 
surgeons attach^ to the military, 
are pennitted to retire from the 
service on the pav of tlieir rank, 
after having served in India not less 
than twenty years, including three 
for one fiiriougn. 

A chaplain af^ eighteen years 
service, ten years at a military 
station, and including three years 
for. one furlough, is allowed to 
retire with the pay of his rank. 

Every lieutenant colonel, major, 
captain, or captain lieutenant, is 
allowed to retire with the lialf pay 
of their rank to which he has at- 
tained, in case his health shall 
T^linn^t him to serve in India. 



A liea|enant haying Mrmithii^ 
teen, or a^ txisign . nine jiean* in 
India, iackidlng three years for a 
/iidoiu^h, pjiy roire ca the half 
pay of his rauk, ip case bis ^edth 
shiui not permit him. to serve in 
India. m . .., .jj 

A lieutenaht is permitted to retire 
oo the half pay of ensign^ if his 
.oonstitcHJon soould be soiimpalrod 
as to prevent tlie pcssUnli^.ofilns 
continuing in India. 

Every officer* Tetuming On 6jX' 
kx^, and wishing: to retivs from 
the service, must m^ke a4ie«lara« 
tkm to that efiect, within twelve 
months after Ms arrival in Eng- 
land i and iu case of bis neglect- 
ing so to do, he ^must, at the ex- 
piration of ha furlough^ either re- 
turn to India, or be belditb have 
relinquished the service, and not 
be entitled to retire* as pay/ unkss> 
he has continued to serve in India/ 
from his first arrival, for the space 
of twenty-two years, without hav- 
ing a furlough ; in that case he is 
allowed two years before he shall 
be called upon to signify his inten« 
tion of retiring, but he can only be 
allowed the pay of the rank he 
held at the expiration of twelve 
months from his arrival in Europe. 

Promotion in consequence of 
officers retiring in England, takes 
place fiom the time when such 
officers are permitted by the Court 
to retire. 

Furlough. 

Subalterns must be ten years in 
India, before they can be entitled 
(except in case of certified sickness) 



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REGULATIONS B^SPECTING MILITARY OFFICERS, &c. BQ 



to their rotation to be M)6ent on 
fbrloogh, and the same rule is ap- 
plic^W to assidCaat vMt^ry sur- 
geons. The furlough to be granted 
by the commander in chief at each 
presidency, with the approbation 
of the respective governments. 

Chaplains must have been seven 
years in India before they can be 
allowed tokii^h, (except in case 
of sidcnest) ^th the pay of their 
coctesponding cank, via. captain. 
: • The period of fiiiloqgh ia three 
fmrs, reckemn^ fiwn its date <x> 
ihe^of the retumof theofioer 
to his presidency. 

No offioer an ibrioiig^caa re- 
ceive pay £ofr moce than two years 
isid^a half ham the period. io£ his 
quitting ha^. 



Hhe BighiMonorehh ike Board of 
" Commissioners Jia* ike jiffaits of 

pBBSUIEliT^ 

Lord Vifloount C^stkreagh. 



Duke of Pdrtland^ Ki G. 
?Lord Hawlbssbary, 
Earl Gaipden, 
LOid Mttlgi«ve>. 



1 Se 
/of 



Secrtarfcs 
State, 



Right honoraUe William Pitt, 

Lord Glenbervie, 

Right honorable J. WaUacef - 

Earl Clancarty, 

Geo. Peter Holford, esq. secretaiy. 

The Honorable the Court of 
Directors. 
Sir F^:anci8 Baring, esq. hart. M. P. 
JoDob Bpsanquet, esq; < 

Joseph Cottpn, esq*. . • •- 

.William Devx^jiesi eoq.M^P* 
Stroon Fraser, esq. . , * 
Charles Giant>esq. M. P. chaimm, 
Joha Huddleston, ^« M. P. . > 
Sir Hugh Inglis, bah. M. P.. 
Paul Le Mesurier, esq. 
SirStepheui^hiogtoD, borcM.P. 
John Manship, esq. 
Sir Thcoph.. Metcalfe^ bart. M,P. 
Charles MiUs» esq. M. P« 
.Thonias Parry, esq. 
Edward Parry, esq. 
Richard C. Plowden> eaq« 
Thomas Reid« esq. 
Abraham Robarts, esq. M* P. , 
John RobertSi esq. ; . i 

George Smitb> esq. M, P, deputj, 
George W. TheUuson, esqi M- F, 
Robert Thornton, esq. M. P. .. 
William Thornton, esq.t * ' :-^ 
S%veny Toone, esq. ^ . i 



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do . A&iATIQ ANfWAL ^iiiGiSTfifit y^. 



LIST OF SHIPS, &c. 

TAKEN UP BY THfi HOW. BAST INDIAlOOlArANT, F0& TtfS yFjML# IWi^' 



Foy. Siups,' Chdrt, Tda. Commanders* • . Co-asignaunt^ 

9. Sir £dw. Hu^n. . « . 967.. Ite. Bairafv. . ..Ma^a^c^ 

5. Cirenceiter. . . '. .' 1200. . Tho. ilpberaon,.Bomt)ey and Ciuiu. 

4. GlattOD laoa . Cka.DnuiuyxxKi. . Ditto. 

1. Windiel6e9 .'. . . i12Q0. . Wadt^ CfatnpbeM. .Ditto. 

4. Wakner Ca»tl« 1300. . Sisex H. Bond. . St.iJel. fien. Chi. 

2. MarchioQ. of Exeter... . '820. . Alex. Nash Madm &: BeogaL 

3. Marquis WeUeOey • 818. .-Gharte Lp Blanco. Ditto. . 

4. Thamet 1200. . J. Kottowe .St. Hei. 9od Ciujui. 

3. Lady Jane Dun^.. , .. . 820. . HodH. Lindsay. . Mad. and Bengal. 
3. Lcjd Nelson ' 819. . Wemys Orrok. . . Ditto. 

6. Brunswick 1200. . James L. Grant. . China. 

6. Canton 1 1 198. . Tho. Lushingtai..Ditlo. 

2. Marquis of Ely tttOO. . AndrevrHadiiay... Ditto. 

3. DovtefCasde 820. . Geo. Richartlson....St. Hel; leHen. 

3. Lady Burges * . 810. . A. F. W. Sti lutofhrDttto. 

4. Keptune 1 i . .. . 1200. . Wm. Donaidsan. . Clina. 

4. Royal Charlotte 1252. . Ricbani FhwAlin.. Di««?. ' 

2. Perseverance : 1200. . James Tweedale. . Ditto. 

. (f..TYue Briton. : . ; 1198. . Henry Hughe*.. . JOitto. * 

3. Bengal 818. . Adam Cuq:iine Mad. and fien. 

3. Asia. 8I9 . H. P. Treejmiuhere. . Ditto. t 

3. Walthamstow 820. .'Don. Mc lijod Bonibdy. • ^ * 

^3. Earl of St. Vincent 818. .John B. Samson.. . .Ditto. 1 

* ' Q. Taunton Castle 1 lf)8. . Tho. B. Peirce .China. - ' - 

4. Ceres 1200. . Wm. Dunstbrd.. . ..Ditto. -= 

2. Ahnvick Castle 1200. . Albert Gledstanes. .Ditto. 

4. Cuffnells 12a). . Henry Halkett Ditto.' - " 

5. Arniston 1200. . James Jameson. . . . Ditto. ' - • 

2. Baring 820. . Dixon Meadowes.Mad.Ben.^i'BIad. 

2. United Kingdom 820. . John H. Pelle>'. . .Bengal. - '- ""i 

7. Worcester 798. . Searles Wood Madras.' ' '^ 

7. Lord Hawkesbury 803. . James Timbrill.' . ..Dhto. - ' *: 

. 7. Duke of Montrose 762. . John Paterson ..Ditto-. *^' '•*''^' 

7. Airly Castle 813. . John Mc Intosh. ....Ditto. ' -'--^i 

^2. Sir Wm. Bensley 547. . Robert Rhode. . ;..Made.Madf*B. 

%. Fame 4p2. . John V. Baker Ditto. ' 

2. Tottenham 517. . James. Dalr)mple..Do. Do. Do. 

2. Lord Eldon 538. . Ja.spcr S we: e.. .... Ditto. - -^ 

^. Ejcj>erinient 519. . Peter Campbell Made; fit Bom. 

' 'i. Sbvcreign ... ()6o.' . Rich. Meriton. : '. . Bengfd. '- & 

. ,.i.i 2. Mbtech 



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REGL^OUIiAllONS ftE^fPECUNG CADRtS. 6^1 

5. Morrirch 600. . Stephen ttawes. . Ditto. '*' 

1. Al^andet (500. . Sir B. Ffatrcklln . .Ditto. 

3. Travets 577- . Tho. Sah ters St. Kel. $: feen.' 

2. Unioti ; 550. . Johrt Mc tntosh.. . .Ditto, 

1. Indies 590. . Geo. Weltden Madnls. 

1. tdni Keidr. ; 5gg. . Patk. Ratnage Mad. & Bengal. 

1. Oceam 532. . Tho. Mclaggart. . Ditto, Ditto. 

2. Devaynes 6OO. . Win. Adderly Made. Born M. 

2. Harriet 54C}. . Wm. Lynch Made. M^d. B.** 

2. Huddart. 547- . Witi. J. Easffield. . Ditto, Ditto. 

3. Skdton CatstJ^ 584. . James Normand. . Made. & Bom.- 



HJEGCJLzVTIONS 

For the Adviisaion of Cadets on the East JrHlm Compariif^ • 
Establishment at the Royal Military Collegia, ff^dol-' 
wick. 

The days for ^arrtitving candi- 
dnles are Ttie^ays and Wednes- 
day s^precisely at eleven 6*clock; and 
the candidates are to present (hera- 
selres to the lieu»enant-gov6rrt'of, 
or inspector of the royal MiliMry 
Academy at Woolwich. 

Regulations. 
licspeclivg Cadets for the East Jn* ' 
dia Com{)nntf*fi ArliUer\j, wh^ 
cannol be admilfcd hi to ike roya^ 
Military Academy at J^olMck. 
That the cadetfe for' the artillery 
ahd engineers, who uildertake ' to 
qualify themselves at jirlvate aca- 
demies, bfe directed to study mathe- 
matics from Dr. Hutt©n*s course, 
ptibHshed in two volumes, foi* thd- 
11^ df the r^yai miHtary a'cadei!iiy, 
which, i' ' . ;:i ar^^ ■ r^lie 

fren^ the commencement, and ena- 
ble Aemselv65 to p.tss ali examtna-' 
tjon under Dr. Hut ton, as far as 
conic sections (not included) be- 
sides acquiring some knowledge of 
the principles o( mechanics, so as 
to judge oi the power of machines 
in general, they may be considered- 
as possessed of the same mathe- 
inatical q\ialifications iCs the cadets 



1. No cadet to be admitted under 
14, or above It) years of age 3 or 
below the bright of four feet nine 
inches. A cejrtrficate of every can- 
c^tels birth, ^ken from.the parish 
register, and signed by the mmister, 
to be delivered to the secretary of 
the East India Cfimpany> as like- 
wise an addi^ess where he may be 
sent for on a vacarxy. 

?. Eyery candidate previously to 
bis admission, must be well ground- 
ed in arithmetic, including vulgar 
ftactions, write a very good hand, and 
be perfectly master of tlie English 
tiA latin grammars. 

3. All caodidates are publicly' 
examined by th^ proper masters in 
the royal Milifary Academy 5 aBd 
if found deficient in aiiyof these 
preparatory parts of learning will 
berejeaei 

4. The at^e qualificalions are 
indispensable et the time of cxa- 
ihination^ but the futurp ^tidies of 
f^b qatididatfc i*ill be very mate- 
rtally fbrwaixied, with a view of 
ot^nis^ a commission.. If he has 
^so learned ^to driw, an3 acquired 
? Jpjpwlcdg^ of the French , Jii- 



go^fbejfefp he 19^ appoiiiittx^ a of the academy litiel)' to bt' pro- 
.!Ji*5^ ./ •* motediDl804. 



That 



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«- 



I 

ASiATffe A*rt}0AL KE6rstEl!t, 1804. 



SlMlfafey AodM be #e]l grounded 
iftpEai^Ctcalgeometrj> asmtroduc- 
Wtf ^ ^wibg plans of fbrtifiai- 
Ctobs^ which- may be learned from 
profeflSor Landmann*s work on that 
wdikijiecii publisiied for the afte of 
thcr academy } also that they should 
be acquainted \%'ith the construc- 
doci»of Vauban*8, and some other 
ajTsteRM contained in MuUer's trea* 
c28e» ind be able to produce, at 
least, twenty plans and sections of 
their own drawing. An exami- 
natkm to this extent, nnder Mr. 
Landmann, to be deemed suffi- 
cient 5 for which he may be qua- 
hfiifid by any intelligent person con- 
versant m j^n-drawing, with the 
help of the books abovementioned; 
professor Landmann also examin- 
ing each candidate, in the practical 
part of surveying, and ascertaining 
that he knows bow to lay down and 
describe on paper whatever he has 
suweyod. 

Sevtsral candidates will be sent 
to the academy ibr examination 
at'^tfte^aaoie time^ viz. from four 
to eight 5 afid as their regtrlar ex- 
amination will probably employ the 
prWatd thne of the professors for 
fevtn^^aysy that each professor be 
pid ^y each candidate a sum for 
his examinaHon, as may be thought 
equitable by the tieutenanant-go- 
vemor and inspector of the Royal 
Academy, not exceeding three 
guiileas each candidate^ to each 
professor. 

With a view of affording encou- 
ragement to the young gentlemen 
now to be appointed cadets for the 
artillery or engineer corps in India« 
to exert themselves in attaining 
the necessary qualifications above 
dc*tatled, the sum of 20Q guineas 
w.ll be presented to each of them 
who shall pass his exaiuination at 
the Royal Academy, and be re- 
ported qualified for a commission^. 



each person rfvin^ bond to reflitid* 
the same, if ne 3ia\\ not proceed 
to India, accordbg to the appoint- 
ment given him by die co^rt. It 
being clearly understood^ bowevSr, 
that no cadet reported qualified on 
private education, can take rank' 
from an earlier period than the 
day on which he shall attain the' 
age of 17 yeaars. 

It win* be expected^ that evety 
cadet, when nominated, shall be 
well grounded, in vulgar fractions 
shall write a good hand, and sbatl 
have gone' through the la^ gram- 
mar. 

And it is strongly r^corAroended, 
tliat all cadets should acquire some* 
knowledge of the French lan- 
guage. 

fyth Jane, 1804, 

No cadet can be nominated to 
study under the above regulations 
who has not attained the age of 
14 years, — — ' 

RF.OtJLATlONS 

Of the Royal Military College : 
at Mar low. 

No cadet to be admitted under] 
13, or above J 5 yca^s of agte j or 
who has any mental or bodily ^e- ' 
feet which may disqualify him f^ 
military servicd. Every cAdet tcr 
produce a sufficient certificate" (tf^' 
tlie time of his birth. He if tejbfe j 
well grounded in a knowtedlgfe'^f;'' 
grammar, and of common^ arrta- ^ 
metic, and shall write a good^s^,. 
None will be qualified tor aiShis^^^^ 
sion, who are found to te dtefiqedP 
in any of these elenientary pdrti^S;^ 
education. 

Cadets admitted to that class* 
wbich is to pay the sum of go 
guineas per annum for education, 
board, and clothing, are to pay a 
moiety of die sum half yearly, in 
advance^ during their continuance 
at college. An army agent in Lon* 
don is to be named by such cadets^ 

from 



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B£GV[;^7^N& JlEfn'E^l^p. CADETS« 



bf^ Y'bom the half yearly pay- 
^1^, are to be received by the 
brsq^er; and should a cadet 
Iqive the college before the expira- 
tion, of any half year, hf ^Ul be 
acipoimted with for d{& six months 
m ^ance;. 

^Each cadet to come provided 
with seven shirt?, sevea pocket 
^ faandkerchie&^ seven pair -of short 
St0(;ki/igf9, five tDwels, three lught- 
caps, two black velvet stocks, 
four pair of drawers^ two pair of 
s^oes, a looking glass, a prayer 
book, a large comb, a sn^l-tooth 
comb, a comb-brush, a clothes- 
brush, a tooth-brush, and Paley's 
Evidence of Christianity, two vo- 
lumes $ all deficiencies in which 
are to be made good at his charge, 
at the yearly vacation. 

, No cadet is to join the junior de- 
partment, with a greater sum of 
money in his possession ihan one 
guinea, and this regulation is con- 
sidered to be so indispensable that 
apy deviations thf^refron* will »ub- 
ject the cadet to be sent away from 
cqjBege.. The parents may, how- 
cVier, iif tliey thmk proper,, make 
an arrangement for the cadets re- 
ceiytng im allowance not exceeding 
hal(-a-crown a week for pocket 
m«beyf AU repairs. of clothing, 
lii^, sheesy : and other artif^es, be^- 
^gtPjgto t;^ cadets, will be ma^ 
at the^ifxp^ice of. the college, " 

Ko'f)^uisite$ or presents of 
tny !ttfi3,,arof aU^^ tfo)M^ x^- 
ct^rmhjL iflaajeiv if 9fiy. qihp[ 
pwfif^lrpfl^thcc^ ., 

'■ J» 5 * . ' r '• ' 



Aft, a ceruin DpipbffC ^fiCfl^fdeil 
for the royal t^iUtaryrXx^l^giitecjMir 
that class for which tho jsij|^<i^ fd: 
guineas each, per annux^ }^;tOi,Jbe: 
paid, .are to be remw^^^^t^^^.l!^ 
the East India Coa^i^,^e:€9UC(^ 
of d'u-ectors of the ^aid pnni^M^* 
have agreed^ that ope halif of f^ichi 
expeoce, or 45 guineitspei; a^vp^. 
for each cadet, and no mpre,;fi^ip)l 
be paid by tlie Cooipony, qo ^a^ 
engagement ia writing beifig eQr\ 
tened into, by the friends or pv^spi^ 
of the cadet being respoufible pfjr^* 
sons, on hi)) appointment to tb^^cc^ 
lege, to rej^nd the ano^uot of the 
Company's expences on hisacfi^t^j ^ 
provided he shall enter iiato Mpf 
other service or line whatsopvwf^- 
after his being received into, t^r, 
college 5 or if he shall not prpcjsed^' 
to India, in tl^ Company's militafy, * 
servic^,. on receivmg ap dgpoki^.: 
ment for that purpose. 

The above-mentioned bqhivA » 
payment of .90 guineas ^ b« n^ptt- 
lated in the following mannor^jrijE. * 

The friends or parents^, ^f^d^e r 
cadet, to advance, to thie lar^c: 
agent, to be named by biro> .|hft .. 
first balf7y<tarly payment, of forty' ; 
four guineas; ^nd the Coni)paa^rM>^> 
advance the second half-y^y.pay;*. 
ment, in like ipaoneir, and. tb^siAr r 
sequent la^if yearly p^yment§ twtee-. . 
made alteroa^y, by the firieod^ i>f> . 
the cadet, and.theCffflipany*dw->A 
ing the time be sbal) oontinue at 
college. !) :j* 



.no It 



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AAA-tic MmtAHta&ism^, iMi. 



Orkxddl CotlegCs Usrtfo^i. 

(X lb* iostlttttion of thk senit^ fornfifihad with the 4Sci^ ^Mm^ 

Oftiyi which ear readen #^ see mcftiCi fecfttbit^ for thet pm j^s e y 

annoiioced iq oer report ef the b«l i» oar ^xt Regjtfter we iWI 

pieoeediBgit the lodia House, we> kjrteferethe public ^e vrbole c(6«> 

cannot, in this votecDe> give ti^ ti^ of itf phe azMl 'Mttrial r a ge hh 

aoeQuac^ as- we bare jaU yet beea tioiii. . 






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( 1 ) 
STATE PAPERS 

FOB 1804. 



\TkcfoUo-xing itnportant Documents^ exhibit ^ in a connedted Series, the 
tcioie Substance of the official Ivformation^ relative to the Cuvaes of 
the Wet in 1803, between the British Government and the confede- 

^ rated Makratta Chiefs, Dowlut Rao Scindia, and the Rajah af Be^ 

FROM THE GOVERNOR GENERAL 

TO 

THE SECRET COMMITTEE: 

Date J 24th December 1802; with Inclostires (A) to (F). 

Received oterfand^ 9^' May^ 1 80d« 



TifHt Honourable the Secrtt Com- the Mahrttta states in the geticral 

ii^fW ^ the Uoi^mMtbk the .system of defensive alliance wjtK 

* C^MT^ of Directory ^c, ^c, SfC, the Honourable Company and its 

^ allies, on the basis of the Treaty 

HomotraABtE Jsias, eoncluded with his Highness the 

YGiJftHoBO«iraUeCominittee Nizam in the month of October 

ariUracfive by the sbjpp which 1800. Your Honourable Com 

lemain to be dispatchjcd to Eng- ipittee will also receive, by the 

land from^ BengnT, in the course same channel, every document re* 

of die present- season, a detailed lative to the system of measures 

norauate^of tbe-ervents and trans« which I have deemed it necessary 

actipna in the Mahratta empire, to adopt for the security and pro- 

ifhlc^ have terminated in a crisis motion of the British interests, in 
of affsur» among the Mahratta* the present crisis of the affairs of 

jKHmetB,' highly iateresling to the the Mahratta empire. 

polilH^lkt reUtioi^ of fl^e British 2. I am anxious, however, to 

power in India. The same con- submit to your Honourable Com* 

veyaoce will furnish you with a mittee, at the earliest practiqible 

deft# vi the negotiations con* period of time, a summary view 

ducted by the resident, at, Poona pi these important occurrences^ 

luidsr. iny authority, with a view of the principles by which I have 

to the accomplishment of ihe im« been governed, in the course of 

poriant object of comprehending policy *whieh 1 have pusued; and 

9 Set fm AccoQDt of thit intereiting a%rrative in the fitYh volatne of oar He- 
gister. Account cfBfioht, p9ga fl« 

VOL. «. ' IvA of 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



of my expectations with regard 
to the final result of the actual 
crisis of affairs in India. 

3. The annexed copy of the 
Instructions of the Governor Ge- 
neral in Council to the Resident 
at Poona, under date the 23d 
June 180'2, contains a review of 
the con'duci and disposition of the 
state of Poona towards the British 
government, since thecomnience- 
raent of my administi*ation, down 
to that period of time. 

4. Under those instructions, 
the Resident at Poona renewed 
the negotiations for the conclusion 
of an improved system of alliance 
with that court. The increased 
distractions in the Mahratta state, 
the rebellion of Jeswunt Rao Hoi- 
kar, (illegitimate son of the late 
Trickogoe Ilolkar,) and the suc- 
cessors of Jeswunt Rao, ngninst 
the combined forces of ihcPeishwa 
and Scindia, appeared to consti- 
tute a crisis of affairs favourable 
to the success of our negotiations 
at Poona. 

5. In the course of the discus- 
sions which ensued between the 
Resident and the court of Poona, 
iho Peihhwa manifested a solicitude 
to contract defensive engagements 
with the Ilonourjible Company, 
under circumstances of more ap- 
parent sincerity than had marked 
his conduct on any former occa- 
sion. 'I'he Peishwa, however, con- 
tinued to withhold his consent to 
any admissible modifications of 
the Governor General's proposi- 
tions, until Jeswunt Rao Ilolkar, 
at the head of a formidable array, 
actually arrived in the vicinity of 
Poona. The superiority of Jeswunt 
RaoHolkar's troops in number and 
discipline to those, of the Peishwa 
and l)owlut Rao Scindia, render- 
ed ihe issue of any cunlcst nearly 
ccrtuiu. The Peishwa, however, 



anticipated equal difficulty ana 
hazard, and equal disgrace to his 
authority, in the success of either 
party ; nor was the menaced usur- 
pation of Jeswunt Rao Hoi kar 
more formidable to the Peishwa 
than the altematire of the revival 
and confirmation of the ascendaa- 
cy of Scindia, whose troops com- 
posed the greater proportion of 
the army destined to oppose the 
progress of Jeswunt Rao Ilolkar. 

6. Under these circumstances 
the Peishwa, on the 11 th of Octo- 
ber, dispatched his principal mi- 
nister to the British Resident, 
charged with definitive proposals 
for the conclusion of defensive and 
subsidiary engagements with the 
British government. Those pro- 
posals are detailed in the annexed 
memorial marked (B). During 
the discussion which ensued on 
the basis of those propositions, 
the evasive conduct of the Peishwa 
excited considerable doubts of his 
sincerity, even at that stage of the 
negotiation ; and on the 24th of 
October, wheii the army of Jes- 
wunt Rao Holkar had arrived 
within a few miles of Poena, the 
Peishwa dispatched a deputation 
to that chieftain, with distinct 
proposals for an accommoda- 
tion, which Jeswunt Rao Hol- 
kar rejected. At the instance of 
the Peishwa Suddashee Bhow,the 
commander of the combined 
forces of the Peishvia aud Scindia, 
had previously marched with the 
army under his command from 
Poona, and had occupied a positi- 
on in the vicinity of Jeswunt Rao 
Holkar's camp. On the morning of 
the 25th, the twoarmiex engaged ; 
and the Peishwa, on the same day, 
with a view to be prepared for 
every event, moved from Poona 
at the head of his remaining 
troopSy aiu]> at the moment of 
marching, 



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STATE PAl^ERS. 



marching, lent his minister to 
the British Resident with a paper, 
of which a translatiou is annexed 
to this dispatch. The minister, 
Ragonaut Hao, ofl^red to the Bri- 
psh Resident the fullest assurances 
of the Peishwa's intention and 
ineaning, that a general defensive 
alliance should be concluded and 
earned into effect, at the earliest 
practicabTe' period of time, be- 
tween his Highness and the Ho- 
oonrable Company, on the fun- 
damental principles, and in con- 
formity to the system of operation 
detailed in the memorial to which 
the 6th paragraph of this dispatch 
refers, 

7. In consequence of this trans- 
action, the British^Resident judg- 
ed it to be expedient to suggest to 
the Right Honourable the Gover- 
nor of Fort St: George, and to the 
Honourable the Governor of Bom- 
bay, the necessity of preparing a 
bodyof troops, under the autho- 
rity of those Presidencies respec- 
tively, for the eventual support of 
the Peishwa's government, and for 
the protection of his person. The 
Resident at Poona transmitted a 
simitar application to the Resi- 
dent at Hydrabad, for the even- 
tual services of a considerable de- 
tachment from the subsidiary 
force stationed with his Highness 
the Nizam* 

S. The engagement between the 
combined army of the Peishwa 
and Scindia, and that commanded 
by Jeswunt Rao Holkar, termi- 
nated in the total defeat of the 
combined army with great loss. 
At the close of the action the 
Peishwa. retired with a small body 
of cavalry to a fortress in the vi- 
cinity of, Poona, whence he pro- 
secuted his march towards the 
Concan. The ciiy of Poona re- 
tuiuaed in (:barge of an officer 



in the service of the Peishwa, 
while Jeswunt Holkar contirfued 
to occupy a camp at the distance 
of four miles from Poona. The 
primary object of Jeswunt Rao 
Holkar was to obtain possession of 
the Peishwa's person, and to com- 
pel bis Highness to establish such 
an administration, as might secure 
Jeswunt Rao Holkar's ascendancy 
in the state to the exclusion of 
Dowlut Rao Scindia's influence* 
If this plan should fail, the next 
project of Jeswunt Rao Holkar 
was to invite to Poona, Amrut 
Rao (son of the late Ragonaut 
Rao, or Ragoobah) to place the 
son of Amrut Rao on the Musnud, 
and to invest Amrut Rao himself 
with the office of prime minister, 
while Jeswunt Rao Holkar should 
assume the general command of 
the troops of the state. 

9. This crisis of afl^irs appear- 
ed to me to afford the most fa- 
vourable opportunity for the com-' 
plete establishment of the interests 
of the British power in the Mah- 
ratta empire, without the hazard 
of involving us in a contest with 
any parly. The power of Jeswunt 
Rao Holkar poisessed no solid 
foundation in the justice of his 
c^use, in popular opinion, or in 
the extent of political or military 
resource. It could not be doubt* 
ed that Scindia would employ 
every effort to retrieve the dis- 
grace, and to avert the danger, of 
his defeat. The continuation of 
the contest between those chief- 
tains would probably weaken the 
power, and impair the resources, 
of both ; and would a^ord to the 
British government an opportunity 
of interposing its influence and 
mediation for the restoration of 
the Peishwa's just authority, under 
terms calculated to secure our re- 
lations with the Mahraria empire" 
J A 2 on 



L 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804- 



on the basis of general defonsive 
aJliance and reciprocal guarantee, 
both with the Peishwa and with 
Dowlut Rao Scindia, according 
tp the principles of the treaty of 
Uydrabad, of the 12th October 
1800. No reasonable apprehen* 
sion existed that the progress of 
this system of policy would be ob- 
structed, either by the union of 
the contending parties, or by the 
decisive success of either chief- 
tain ; nor indeed could I appre-^ 
hend any combined or separate 
opposition from either in. the pro* 
seciition of my views* 
. 10. Under these considerations 
I confirmed the engagement con- 
cluded between th^ Pei^wa andi 
the Resident at Poomi, on the day 
Q« which I received it, and ac- 
cordingly instructed the Resident 
to signify to his Highness my ra- 
^fication of that engagement, and 
ijay resolution to employ every 
effort of the British power for the 
restoration of his authority. The 
Briti!>h Resident was also instruct- 
ed to direct his attention to the 
improvement of the terms of the 
proposed- alliance, by endeavour- 
ing to obtain the Peishwa's con- 
sent to those stipulations which 
bis Highness had hitherto rejected, 
and to such additional concessions 
as appeared to be expedient for 
the better security and improve- 
ment of the British interests in 
that quarter of India. And the 
Resident was further directed to 
avail himself of the earliest oppor- 
tunity of reducing the proposed 
conditions of alliance to the form 
of a definitive treaty. At the 
same time I transmitted instruc- 
tions to the Governors of Fort St. 
George and Bombay, and to the 
Resident at Hvdrabad, confirm- 
ing the requisition of the Rest- 
i^tit at Poona for assembling 



troops at the proposed stations, 
with a view to fulfil the engage* 
ments concluded with the Peishwa. 
Desirous of comprehending the 
principal branches of the Mah* 
ratta empire in a general system 
of defensive alliance and guaran- 
tee, on the basis of the ei^age- 
ment so happily concluded with 
his Highness tbe Nizam in Octo- 
ber ISOO, I determined to com- 
bine with the measures to bo 
adopted fw the restoration of the 
Pebhwa's authority, the renewal 
of my invitation to Dowlut Rao 
Scindia, to partake tbe benefits of 
the general defensive alliance; 
and I accordingly directed the 
Resident at Scindia's court to 
proceed from Futty Ghur to that 
chieftain's camp, with the utmost 
practicable expedi^on, for the 
purpose of concerting with Scin- 
dia the means of . restoring the 
Peishwa to the Musnud, and of 
proposing to Scindia the terms 
under which that chieftain might 
be admitted to the benefits of the 
general defensive engagements con- 
cluded with the Peishwa. 

n. The detail of the measures 
to be adopted for the completion 
of our engagements to the Peish- 
wa, were necessarily confided to 
the difection and judgment of the 
Resident at Poona* but that offi- 
cer was instructed to adopt every 
practicable precaution to preclude 
any risk of hostilities between the 
British troops and those of Jes- 
wunt Rao Holkar, and to endea- 
vour to secure the accomplish- 
ment of our views by the means 
of amicable negotiation. 

la. In the actual state of th* 
affairs of the Mah ratta empire, it 
would have been a measure of in- 
dispensable precaution to have as- 
sembled a 'considerable army of 
obsarvatioa Upon tha frontier of 

tbe 



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flie Mabratta territories. This 
important consideratiou, com • 
bined with the communication 
vhich the Right honourable the 
GoTernor of Fort St. George had 
recdved from the Resident at 
Poona, of the progress of our ne- 
gotiation with the Peishwa, had 
induced his Lordship to issue or- 
ders for assembling a considerable 
army within the ceded districts, 
without awaiting the arrival of 
my instructions for that purpose. 
The Honourable the Governor of 
Bombay pursued the same wise 
and salutary course of vigilance 
and prudence, by placing in a 
state of preparation for immediate 
service, the disposable force at 
that Presidency. A considerable 
detachment of the subsidiary force 
at HydrabaA was also directed by 
the Resident at Hydrabad to bie 
prepared for eventual service in 
the .field, in conformity to the 
requisition of the Resident at 
Poona. 

13* By advices received subse- 
quently to the dispatch of my in- 
structions to the Resident at Poo- 
na, and to the Governors of Fort 
St. George and Bombay, I was 
informed that the Peishwa had ef- 
fected his retreat to Mhan, a fort 
situated on the river Bancoote in 
the Concan, and that Holkar now 
despaired of the success of his 
endeavours, either to obtain the 
Peishwa's voluntary return to Poo- 
na, or to seize his Highness's per- 
son; that Holkar had detached 
a force to Jejoory, (a fort situ- 
ated in the vicinity of Poona, and 
being the actual residence of Am- 
rnt Rao,) and had brought Am rut 
Rao to Poona, with the intention 
of investing Amrut Rao with the 
geneinl administration of affairs; 
of placing the son of Amrut Rao 
pn the Musnud^ while Jeswuqt 



Rao Holkar proposed to assume 
the general command of the army 
of the state. To this arrangement 
I was further informed, that Am- 
rut Rao was not disposed to ac* 
cede: I also received advice that 
the Peishwa had sigfiified to the 
government of Bombay, through 
the officer stationed at Bancoote, 
a desire of eventually seeking an 
as}'lum at Bombay, and that his 
Highness had solicited the govern- 
ment of Bombay to direct a^hTp 
to be prepared at Bancoote, for 
his Highness's conveyance to Bora- 
bay, or to Bassfein, if such a mea- 
sure should appear to be necessary 
for the safety of his person. 

14. The Honourable the Go- 
vernor of Bombay complied wicli 
the latter application, by direct- 
ing the ship Herculean to proceed 
to Bancoote, and to be prepared 
for the Peishwa's eventual accom- 
roodation. The Resident at Poo- 
na, being apprized of these cir- 
cumstances,^ suggested to the Go- 
vernor of Bombay the expediency 
of discouraging the Peishwa from 
seeking an asylum within the Bri- 
tish territory^ until my sentiments 
and intentions, with respect to 
the aflairs of the Peishwa, should 
be made known; and the Resi- 
dent recommended that the-Peish- 
wa should be advised to maintain, 
his position at Mhan to the latest 
possible period of time, consist- 
ently with the safety of his High- 
ness's person. 

15. Under the determination 
which I had adopted of emplo)*- 
ing every effort for the restoration 
of the Peishwa's authority, and in 
the actual situation of the Peish- 
wa's affairs, it appeared to me to 
be extremely desirable that the 
Peishwa should immediately place 
himself under the protection of 
the British power, by retiring to 

Bombay. 



I 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



Bombay. I coiisidered that ttiis 
measure would precliide all haz- 
ard of precipitaUng hostilities with 
^eswunt Rao Holkar, by any ad- 
vance of the British troops for the 
protection of the Peishwfli'? person, 
^nd would enable the British go- 
vernment (o open a negociation 
with Jeswunt Rao Holkar for the 
restoration of the Pejshwa on iKc 
^fusnud of Poona^ under every 
circurostepce of advantage. This 
event would also enable v^ to 
combine, .with our oilier mea- 
surety under great advantage, the 
proposed negotiation wijth Sciiidia 
^or the conclusion of defensive ar- 
rangements. It was obvious also, 
ihat thePeishwa's arrival at B.om- 
)bay would aQbrd the most favour- 
Able opportunity of the adjust- 
meqt of the terms of th^e defensive 
alliancje w^th jthe P.eishv^a, on th^ 
basis of ^y opgjnal propositions, 
with the addition of suc^ stipula- 
tions as might appear to be expe- 
dient with reference tp the actual 
jcrisis of a^airs* 

IjS. yVith thjBse sentimjcnts I 
transpiitted instructions to the go- 
yernmept of Bombay, for tljc rer 
ception and accopimodation of 
the P^ish\^a at that Presidency ; 
and for regulating the condupt of 
that gtvemment, in conformity to 
the measures which I had resolved 
Coadopt. 

17. Since the dispatch of these 
jnstruclionst I have received ad- 
"vices from Pbona, stating, that 
although Amri^t Rao continues 
adverse to the arrangement pro- 
posed by Jeswunt Rao to Holkar, 
ihe affairs of government are con* 
ducted* under the authority of 
Amrut Rao's name, and ^hat a 
considerable force had been de- 
tached to the Conicap, with a 
view to seiee the person of the 
^cishwa. By advices from Bom- 



bay, it appeared fhat the Pejshir^ 
availed himself of the offer of the 
ship Herculean, and bad pro- 
ceeded on that ship to a strong 
fort in the Concan. learned Lavem? 
droog, where his person might 
probably be secured against Uie 
attempts of the usurper. 

18. The dispatches from Pom- 
bay further state, that tbe Pcish- 
WB. had formally recognised the 
,engagenient concluded between 
hiip and the British Resident, anfi 
had applied fo^ a detachment of 
British troops, ip part of the stir 
puiated s^bsidi9.ry force, for the 
immediate prot/ectioo of his perr 
^n* 

19. ^y the latest accounts it 
fippears, that Dowlut Rao Scin- 
dia is co)l^ecting his forces, )Britl^ 
a view pf opposing ieswunt Ra<^ 
Holjcar; apd that Scindia has ac- 
Jtually cojnmenc.ed hi? march fron| 
his capital of Ougein towards 
JPoopa. 

20. Both Jeswunt Rao Holkar 
and Amrut Rao have employed 
every endeavour to induce the Re- 
sideutat Poona to continue at tba^ 
city, tnanifestly with the view to obr 
tain the countenance of the British 
governn)ent,in sanctioning the pro- 
jected reyolMtion in the govern- 
ment of the Mahratta empire. 
The Resident has pruqently re- 
jected every advance of this na- 
ture, and has persisted in his re^ 
solutioi) to retire to Bombay, fo^ 
which Presidency he with'^^i^cul- 
ty obtained permission to depar^ 
on the 28th ultimo. 

21. At the conferencjcs holden 
by the Resident with Amrpt Rao, 
and Jeswunt Rao Holkar^ on tbe 
eve of the Rpsident's departure 
from Poona, l^oth tjiose chipftain^ 
expressed their solicitude for the 
preservation of the friendship of 
the British government, and dj- 



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STATE PAPERS. 



rectly and earnestly appealed to 
(be Resident -for his advice in the 
present situation of affairs. Jesr 
nuot Rao Holkar expressly inti- 
mated a wish for the mediation of 
the Resident, for the express pur- 
pose of effecting an accommoda- 
tion with the Pcishwa. The Resi- 
dent informed Jeswunt Rao Hol- 
kar, that for this purpose it was 
bdispensably necessary thatl>oth 
parties should consent to refer 
their differences to the mediation 
of the British government, but 
that the Resident could not un- 
dertake such orders without the 
orders of the Governor General ; 
the Resident at the same time ad- 
vised Amrut Rao and Jeswunt Rao 
Holkar to explain their views by a 
direct application to the Gover- 
nor General* At the Resident's 
final interview with Amrut Rao, 
thai chieftain delivered three let- 
ters to my address, one from him- 
self, and the other from the per-r 
sons who exercise the functions 
of ministers of the state. The 
purport of those letters is to so- 
licit the countenance and support 
of the British government, by the 
appointment of a Resident in the 
place of Colonel Close* whose de- 
parture from Poon^ to Bombay 
is represented by Amrut Rao and 
his ministers to be an abdication 
of his station of representative of 
the British government at the 
court of Poona. 

22. I have also had the satisr 
faction to receive from Dowlut 
Rao Scindia a letter, soliciting 
the continuance of the friendship 
of this government towards his 
state and that of the Peishwa, and 
containing a request that I will 
act in concert with him in the 
present crisis of aflfairg at Poona. 

23. This appeal to the British 
power from all parties involved 



in the actual commotions of the 
Mahratta states affords the most 
favourable opportunity for our 
successful and pacific mediation* 

24. In the present <:onjuncture 
of the affairs of the Mahratta em- 
pire, your Honourable CcnnDUI- 
tee will remark, that tiie British 
government must either perse- 
vere in its pacific and equitable 
efforts for the restoration of the 
Peishwa's authority, or must aban- 
don all hope, consistently with 
our faith, honour, or permanent 
interests, of concluding with any 
of the Mahratta states those de- 
fensive engagements which are esf 
sential to the complete consolida- 
tion of the British empire in India, 
and to the future tranquillity of 
Hindustan, 

25. Reviewing the general state 
of affairs in the Mahratta empire, 
I entertain a confident expecta- 
tion of the complete accomplish- 
n^ent of all oi^ir views, and of the 
restoration of tranquillity .within 
the Mahratta dominions, by (he 
ipcans of amicable negotiation. 
It appears probable that Scindia 
will cojrdially co-operate with the 
British government in the restora- 
tion of the Peishwa's authority,, 
and will consent, in the actual 
htate of his own afiairs, to be- 
come a party in the proposed sys- 
tem of defensive arrangements. It 
cannot be supposed that Jeswunt 
Rao Holkar will reject any rear 
sonable proposals of accommoda- 
tion, supported by the combined 
power and influence of the British, 
government and Scindia. Th^ 
intentions of the Rajah of Bcrar 
appear to be uncertain. That 
chieftain now, ostensibly favours 
the cause of Jeswunt Rao Holkar; 
but I have every reason to believe 
that the Rajah of Berar is actu- 
ated entirely by the cautious po- 
licy 



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ASIAf IC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



)icy of apparently favouring the 
cause of the successful party. His 
Highness the Nizam is disposed to 
concur in any course of mi^asures 
which the British government 
may ^dopt for the success of our 
mutuiil views of defensive alliance 
with the Mahratta states. 

26. Since the commencement 
of this dispatch, I have received 
advices from Bombay, notifying 
the embarkation of the Peishwa, 
vnder convoy of the ship Hercu- 
lean, from taverndroog for Bas- 
se! n, and the arrival of Colonel 
Close from Poona, at Bombay, ou 
the 3d instant. 

27. These events will probably 
accelerate the conclusion of defini- 



tive engagements with thePeisUwa* 
and will enable CoLouel Cloi« im- 
mediately to open a, negotiation 
with Am rut Rao and Jeswunt Rao 
Holkar. 

'28. I have directed Colonel 
Close, and the Governor of Bom- 
bay, to i-pprize your Honourable 
Committee of the existing state 
of affairs at the time when this 
dispatch shall pass through Bom<- 
bay. 

I have the honour to be, 
Honourable Sirs, 
Your obedient and faithful 

Servant, 
■ (Signed) W£LL£iiL£Y, 
Fort Wiiliam, 
2Aih December 1802. 



INCLOSURE (A). 

In tetter fron> the Governor General to the Secret Committee ; dated 

the 24th December 1802 ; 

Received overland the 9th May, 1803. 

Governor General's Instructions to the Resident at Poona, dated 
23d June 1S02; with Inciosure. 



To Lieutenant-Colonel Close^ 
Resident at Poona, 

Sm, 

IN obedience to the com- 
liiandsof his Excellency the most 
noble the Governor General in 
Council, 1 have now the honour 
to address you, for the purpose of 
communicating to you his Excel- 
lency's sentiments on the proposi- 
tions of the Peishwa, detailed in 
Colonel Palmer's Letter, No. 295, 
dated the 30th of November, 1 801, 
and of conveying to you his Excel- 
lency's instructions for your guid- 
ance in conducting a negotiation 
for the conclusion of subsidiary 
engagements with the court of 
VQopa,', and | am directed to take 



this opportunity to acknowledge 
the receipt of your dispatches. 
, ?. The observations and instruc- 
tions which 1 am ordered to com- 
municate to you are as follows ; 

3. Ihe negotiations at Poonm 
have assumed such different as- 
pects at various periods of time, 
during Colonel Palmer's residence, 
and have been involved in such 
intricacy and difficulty, that it is 
become cecessary to revise with 
accurac}' the whole course of our 
transtt?^tions atthat court for some 
time past, in order to draw just 
conclusions with regard to the ge- 
neral disposition of the state of 
Poona towards the British govern- 
ment^ 

4^. 4 



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4. A reTiew of the tnumctions 
which have passed between the 
British government and that of 
Poona, and of the conduct and 
policy of the latter with respect to 
the British government, since his 
dxcellency's arrival in India, will 
be sufficient to demonstrate that 
thePd^bwa (notwithstanding the 
general tenor of his professions, 
and the various artifices employed 
by his Highness to conceal from 
the British government the real 
puq>ort of those intrigues which 
were disclosed by the records of 
the late Tippoo Sultaun) has not 
•mly been uniformly and progres- 
sively jealous o£ the power of the 
nation in India, but actively hos- 
tile to our prosperity to the ut- 
most practicable extent, consist- 
ently witb the security of his go- 
vemment» and with (he irresolu- 
tion and timidity of his character. 

5. In the year I798, the au« 
tfaority of Bajow Rao was reduced 
to a sCata of extreme weakness by 
the imbecility of his counsels, by 
the instability and treachery of 
bia disposition, and by the preva- 
lence of internal discord ; and in 
that crisis his government was 
menaced with d^truction by the 
overbearing power of Scindia. It 
was evident that the Peishwa could 
not expect to be relieved from the 
oppressive controul of Scindia, 
and to be restored to a due de- 
gree of authority within his own 
dominions, by uny other means 
than by the aid of the British 
poller; and the Peishwa himself 
appears to have been sensible of 
this truth ; for at an Nearly period 
of tbe year, he earnestly and re- 
peatedly solicited the Governor 
General's assistance. But even 
under these circumstances, Bajow 
Rao was ultimately induced to 
withhold his consent to tbe just 



and reasonable conditions whidi 
his Excellency the Governor Ge^ 
oeral proposed to require from 
hiin, in consideration of afiardin;$ 
him the aid of the British power^ 
lie deliberately preferred a situa- 
tion of degradation and dinger^ 
M'ith nominal independence, to a* 
paore intimate connection with tbei 
British power, which could n<^ 
be formed on principles calculated 
to secure to the Peishwa the con- 
stant protection of our arms» 
without, at the same time, esta- 
blishing our ascendancy in tbg 
Mahratta empire ; subsequent 
events justify a conclusion, that 
the long and ftystematic course of 
deceitful and evasive policy pur- 
sued by the Peishwa on this occa^ 
sion, was not less the result of a 
determined spirit of hostility than 
of bis characteristic jealousy and 
irresolution* 

6. Ihe court of Poona nour 
viewed the rapid approach of a 
severe conte»t between the British 
power and Tippoo Sultaun. Th is 
crisis presented various advantages) 
to the faithless and sordid policy 
of the Peishwa, in the pursuit df 
which be would have been embar-- 
rassed by a more close aUianipe 
with the Company. The evcn^t^ 
of the war might have offered ok" 
casions of profit to the court of 
Poona at the expence of either ^r 
of all the belligerent powers, al- 
though tbe prospect was unques- 
tionably most favourable to the 
success of the British cause. In 
this sta^e of affairs, the Peishwa 
adopted a system of measures by 
which he hoped to secure eve ry 
attainable gratification of his ha- 
tred and jealousy of the BritiiJi 
name, together with every ccti- 
tingent benefit which could be 
derived from our success, a&d 
from (be reduction or ruin of our 
tncnrs*. 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



enemy. Hit Highness therefore 
endeavoured to u:ame. his coun- 
cils on so complfcated a 4}asis as 
to deceive every state concerned 
in the war, and ultimately to re- 
serve to himself every pretension 
>vhich could be founded either 
on the observance of equitable 
neutrality, or on the discharge of 
the duties of active alliance. 

7. In the spirit of these coun- 
cils, on the Governor General's 
£rst application to the Peishwa 
for his co-operation against Tip- 
poo Sultaun, in the event of a 
contest with that prince, the 
Peishwa endeavoured to justify an 
ostensible neutrality, and to evade 
the obligation of the triple alii* 
tnce, under the pretext, that the 
defensive engagements concluded 
It the termination of the war with 
Tippoo SullauM in I7P2, were 
jinding only on his predecessor. 
Being compelled to abandon this 
tbsurd pretext, the Peishwa pro- 
tssed a cordial disposition to co- 
operate with the British arms 
against the cjmmon enemy, in 
conformity to his engagements, 
»ut« by a course of studied eva- 
!ion and systematic deceit, he 
ivoided all active interference in 
iie contest with Tippoo Sultaun, 
Slid actually maintained an nmi- 
oible intercourse with the enemy 
through the channel of Tippoo 
Sultaun's Vakeels, whom the 
Peishwa persisted in detaining at 
Hs cou:r, in opposition to the rer 
peated and earnest remonstrances 
of the Governor General. On 
tke conclusion of the war, the 
l%ishwa endeavoured to justify 
tie violation of his faith, and to 
c^Hblish his ciami to a participa- 
tion in the profits of the war, by 
aigumeiith founded on the embar- 
ri4>bed condition of i)is> govern- 
incnt, and on the inotfcnsive na- 



ture of his iotercourte with Tip* 
poo Sultaun. 

8. The amicable professions of 
the Peishwa, and his apparent 
disposition to co-operate in the 
common ^ause to the extent that 
might be practicable under the 
disiractions which prevailed in 
the government of Poena, had 
inipressed the mind of the Gover* 
nor General with a favourable 
opinion of the Peishwc's inten- 
tions ; and accordingly his Excel- 
lency, in a letter addressed to 
the Honourable the Court of Di- 
rectors under date the ^Oth of 
March l799i expressed his con- 
viction» that the disposition of 
the court of Poona continued 
perfectly favourable to the Bri- 
tish interests, and that want of 
power would be the sole cause of 
its inaction, in the event of a war 
with Tippoo Sultaun. The equi- 
vocal and evasive conduct of the 
Peishwa, however, subsequently 
to that period of time, suggested 
considerable doubts of the since* 
rity of his. attachment to the 
cause of the allies; and, at the 
conclusion of the war, those 
doubts were corroborated by the 
correspondence between Tippoo 
Sultaun and his agents at Poona, 
and by letters from Nana Fuma» 
vese and other Mahratta chief- 
tains to Tippoo Sultaun, which 
were discovered among the re- 
cords of Seringapatam. The 
combined evidence of those docu* 
menis, and of the Peishwa's con-* 
duct during the war, affords une- 
quivocal proofs of the hostility of 
his disposition towards the British 
power, and justifies a conclusion, 
that if fortune had appeared to 
favour the enemy, the Peishwa 
would openly have espoused his 
cause. 
9' Although tl^e faithless con- 
duct 



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It 



^ct of the Peisbwa not only de- 
prived him of all title to participate 
in the advantages of the war, but 
exposed him to the just resentment 
of the allies, the Governor General 
determined to refrain from any 
measures of a vindictive nature^ 
and to adopt the more liberal po* 
licy of conciliating the Peisbwa's 
Interests, and of providing for the 
security of the allies and for the 
general tranquillity of Indian by 
repeating his invitation to the 
Peishwa, to accede to the proposal 
of general defensive alliance and 
mutual guarantee, which his Ex- 
cellency had before unsuccessfully 
offered to the Peishwa's accept* 
ance. Accordingly, at the close 
of the war in I799t the proposi- 
tions for the conclusion of defen- 
sive and subsidiary engagements 
with the peishwa were renewed, 
under circumstances of peculiar 
advantage to the latter, who, by 
acceding to those propositions, 
would not only have been eman«- 
lapated from thc%ppressive con^ 
troul of Scipdia, and have been 
reinstated in the due exercjse of 
Us authority, but would have 
been admitted to a participation 
in the conquered territory of My- 
sore. But after a vexatious and 
illusory discussion of the propor 
sitions, during a pjeriod of several 
months, the negotiation was closed 
by the Peishwa's rejeclioQ of the 
jconditions of defensive alliance 
under any admissible modiiication 
of them* The circumstances qf 
that negotiation afford the strong- 
est reason to believe, that tl)p 
Peishwa never seriously intended 
to enter into any engagements op 
the basis of (.hose propositioQs, 
and that he had no other jntenr 
tion from the commenjcement of 
(he negotiation, tban to avoid 
^e consequeuces of ao unquali- 



fied refusal to treat, to decrive 
the public and the Governor Ge* 
neral by the appearances of a dh^ 
position to concur in the views of 
the British government lor th« 
tranquillity of India, and to de^ 
ter Scindia from the prosecution 
of his ambitious designs, by per- 
suading that chieftain that the 
Peishwa had it in his power and 
in his contemplation to avail him- 
self of the protection of the Bri- 
tish arms. 

1 0. The negotiations which fol- 
lowed the renewal of the Gover* 
nor General's propositions in th« 
month of April, ISOO, were con- 
ducted on the part of the Peishwa 
in the same spirit of temporizing 
policy and studied evasion which 
characteriaed his conduct in every 
previous discussion. His long 
and degrading subjection to the 
power of Scindia, his repeated ex- 
perience of the perfidy and vio- 
lence of that unprincipled chief- 
tain, the internal distraction which 
prevailed in his government, and 
the consciousness of his inability 
to relieve himself from the pres- 
sure of his accumulated difficulties^ 
and to secure the efficient exer- 
cise of his authority, were insuf- 
ficient to subdue the emotions df 
his jealous fears, and to induce 
him to rely with confidence on the 
protection of that state, which 
alone possessed the power and the 
will to extricate him from his em- 
barrassments, and to place him 
in a situation of comparative dig* 
nity and security. 

11. Those negotiations were 
closed in the month of September 
1800, when various unprecedented 
acts of violence and extortion on 
the pait of Scindia ha^ aggravated 
the pressure of the Peishwa's af- 
fairs, and virtually annihilated his 
authority by the Peishwa's absolute 
« rejection 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



ffjection tf the principal artitlcl 
€A th€ Governor Generars propo- 
aitioo ; and he may be considered 
to have rejected those proposi- 
tions again, by his refusal to be* 
cornea parry in the treaty of ge* 
iieral deliensive alliance concluded 
with the Nizam in October 1 800, 
which was tendered to his accept- 
ance. 

12. While these several negotia- 
tions were depending, the Peishwa 
was at different times employed 
ill carrying on intrigues for the 
purpose of detaching the Nizam 
^m his connection with the com- 
pany, ivith a view to the subver- 
sion of the British power and influ- 
ence in the Deccan. Little doubt 
exists in his Excellency's mind 



out Comprehending any settled of 
projected plan Tor the co-opera- 
tion of the French, a means of 
support, however, which might 
have been eventually resorted to.** 
1 3. The inference to be deduct^ 
from these considerations is, that, 
until irresistibly compelled by the 
exigency of his affairs to have re- 
course to the assistance of the 
Company, the Peishwa will never 
be induced to enter into any en- 
gagements, which in his appre- 
hension would afford to the Bri- 
tish government the means of ac- 
quiring an ascendancy in the Mah« 
ratta empire. If, at a time when 
his authority was reduced to tbfe 
lowest state of degradation, and 
when his government was menaced 



of the authenticity of Kuudir* with destruction by the immediate 



Hoossain's mission towards the 
close of the year 1800, and of the 
FeishwaV participation with Scin- 
diaiu the objecrs of that mission ; 
and although his Excellency is by 
no means convinced of the exist- 
ence of the confederacy ascribed 
to the M ah ratta state, in the 
paper of intelligence transmitted 
in the dispatch from the Resident 
at Hydrabad, under date the 28th 
of November last, the Governor 
General is satisfied, that the object 
of Suddasheo Rao Munkaiser's in- 
trigue at the court of Hydrabad 
was to effect the dissolution of the 
alliance between the company and 
the Nizam, and to engage his 
Highness lo unite with the Mah- 
rattas at any future favourable op- 
portunity for the subversion of the 
Britisb power. On this subject 
bis Excellency inclines to the opi- 
nion, which you* have expressed 
in your letter of 13th .of February 
last, that the object of Munkaiser's 
mission ivas, " if possible to **** 
CUT alliance with the Nizam, and 
thus extinguish our power and 
nfluenceiii the Deccan, but with- 



presencc of Scindid at the head 
of a powerful army in the vici- 
nity of Poona, and when no appa- 
rent means existed for the relief of 
the Peishwa from the violence ind 
usurpation of ^at ambitious chief- 
tain, but the acceptance t>f the 
proffered aid of the British go- 
vernment, the Peishwa deemed it 
to be his wisest policy to refuse his 
assent to the liberal and advanta- 
geous propositions of the* British 
government, there is still less rea- 
son to expect bis acquiescence in 
those propositions, or in any mo- 
dification of them, by which in his 
opinion the authority of his go- 
vernment would in any degree be 
subjected to the controul of the 
British power, at a season when 
the exigency of his affiiirs is dimi- 
uished by the absence of his rival, 
14. But whatever degree of jea-" 
lousy the Peibhwa may enterta'm 
of the ascendancy of the British 
state In the political scale of Indii, 
and however solicitous he may be 
lo effect its subversion, he is sensi- 
ble that in the present conditiot\ 
of the British power, the prcserva- 

tioa 



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STATE PAPERS. 



IX 



tioii of our frietidsbip is necessary 
tobissecurity ; and the Peishwa is 
aware that^ in the present dis- 
tracted state of the Mahratta em^ 
pipe, and the weak condition of 
hi) government, he is hourly ex- 
posed to dangers which cannot be 
airerted otherwise than by the aid 
ot the British power, or by the be- 
lief of his refractory chieftains, 
tdat he can resort to that aid 
whenever ke may think fit. 

15. To the operation of this 
principle are to be ascribed the 
fnequent applications which the 
Peishwa has made for the aid of 
British troops, and the illusory 
negotiations which he has main- 
tained for the improvement of his 
connection with the Company; and 
upon the same principle, the 
Peishwa's jealous fears, and the 
prosecution of secret intrigues for 
purposes hostile to the British 
interest, are perfectly reconcila- 
ble with the proposals which he 
has lately made for subsidizing a 
body of British troops. 

lo« From the view which has 
thus been taken of the disposition 
and conduct of the Peishwa to- 
wards the British power, and from 
% consideratioii of the actual con- 
ditk>D of his government, with re- 
ferenoe both to its internal weak- 
ness and to the state of its eKter- 
nal relations, it is to be inferred, 
that, in the actual situation of 
a&irs, no expectation can reason- 
ably be entertained of thePeishwa's 
acquiescence in any arraugemeni 
founded on the basis of the Go- 
vernor Generari original proposi- 
tions; and that, in making the 
proposals described in your pre- 
decessor's leUer of the 30th of 
November last, the Peishwa is in* 
fioenood either by vien^ andinten- 
tions similar to. those which regu- 
lated his conduct during ths ne*^ 



gotiationsof 1799 and 1800, •r^ 
if he be sincere in those proposals, 
by the hope of obtaining the aid 
of the British power, for the re- 
establishment and security of hts 
authority, without hazarding th* 
introduction of that degree of coo- 
troul and ascendancy which it 
must be our interest to establish, 
in the Mahratta state, and whicli 
it is his object to avoid. Admit"* 
ting that the Peishwa is sincere in 
his proposals, iti"- proper, withth« 
view to determine the course of 
measures which it is expedient to 
adopt on the present occasion, to 
consider upon what grounds the 
Peishwa may expect to limit the 
operation of the proposed engage- 
ments to the object above de- 
scribed, and whether the British 
interests would be promoted in 
any degree by acceding to those 
engagements, or to any modifica- 
tion of them 

J 7. The Peishwa is aware that 
the permanent establishment of a 
British force in the vicinity of 
Poona, would immediately place 
him in some degree in astateof 
dependanceupon the British pow- 
er ; and therefore he has stipula- 
ted, that the subsidiary force shall 
be retained within the Company's 
dominions at all times,except when 
he shall require its actual ser- 
vices. If he should ever concludo 
subsidiary engagements on these, 
terms, he would never apply for 
the aid of the stipulated force, ex- 
cept in cases of the utmost emer- 
gency ; and his expectation pro- 
bably is, that the knowledge of his. 
ability to. command so powerful a* 
body of troops as that which he 
proposes tosubsidize, would alone: 
be sufficient to give due weight. 
tp.his authority, and to preclude 
amy attempt which might otherwise 
he made iov the sub\^rsiou of it. 

The 



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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



The oecurrf nee of any emergency 
iKhich should require the actual 
services of the subsidiary force, 
would be rendered still more im- 
probable by the local situation of 
the territory which the Peishwa 
propt>ses to assign for the charges 
of the troops. The Peishwa has 
not specified the territory which 
he proposes to assign in Hindus- 
tan for that purpose, if by Hin- 
dustan he meant (as mu6t be in- 
ferred J the country north of the 
Nerbuddah. I'be Peishwa pos- 
sesses merely a nominal authority 
in that quarter. He would pro- 
bably make a selection of districts 
to be ceded, with the insidious 
view either of reducing the terri- 
torial possessions of Scindia* or 
of Holkar ; or of relieving him- 
self from the burthen of Scindia's 
contr^ul, and from the dread of 
hit power, by involving him in a 
constant *♦♦* with the British 
government ; or by rendering it 
necessar)' for Scindia to keep the 
main body of his army within his 
own territories, for the purpose 
of guarding them against the ef- 
fects of those hostile measures 
which the British government 
might be expected to adopt, under 
the obligation of the proposed 
engagements, in the event of Scin- 
dia being hereafter fii«>posed to 
resume the same position in the 
vicinity of Poona, which he so long 
occupied at the head of a numer. 
ous body of his forces. 

18. Moreover, as the Peishwa 
probably derives no revenue from 
the territory which he proposes 
to assign for the charges of the 
subsidiary force, and hisauthority 
i I it is merely nominni, his power 
and resources would not in any de- 
gree be reduee<l hy the cession ; 
and the situation of the ceded 
districts would be too distaut and 



distinct from those territories fa 
which the Peishwa's authority is 
established and acknowledged, to 
excite in his mind any apprehen- 
sion of being overawed or con- 
trouied by the proximity of the 
Company^s territorial power and 
resources. In his £xce)lenc/s 
judgment, therefore, the cession 
of the proposed territory in Hin- 
dustan, would not in any degree 
contribute to render the Peishwa 
dependant on the support of the 
British power; whilst the posses- 
sion of a territory insulated by 
the dominions of other chieftainSy 
would be productive of a degree 
of embarrassmeiit and incon\*eni- 
ence to the Company, far over* 
balancing any advantages which 
might be derived from the resour* 
ces of such a territory. It is pro- 
bable also, that it would be found 
impracticable, even to obtain pos- 
session of such ceded territory, 
without a contest: at all events 
itwouhl be necessary to maintatn 
a considerable force in those dis- 
tant possessions. By this arrange- 
ment the Peishwa would derive the 
bencHt of our support without be- 
coming subject to our controul ; 
his jealousy would not be alarmed 
by the establishment of a British 
force within his dominions ; and 
his pride would probably be gra« 
tified by entertaining British aux- 
iliaries in \m service^ without any 
sacrifice of bis authority, or any 
diminution of his resources: he 
would derive security, not from 
the presence of a protecting Bri- 
tish force, but by acquiring a title 
to command the aid of the Com- 
pany's troop* in cases of urgency* 
and by a cession of territory in a 
distant quarter of his nominal do^ 
niinrons, which would either in<* 
volve his rival in a contest with 
t^e British armi»| or diminish the 
territo* 



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STATE PAPERS. 



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territorial resources of that rival ; 
or would establish the British au- 
thority in a position calculated to 
restrain Scitn^a from any attempt 
to subvert the Peishwa's indepen* 
<icnce. 

19. The Peishwa's consent to 
submit his differences with the 
Nizam ultimately to the arbitra- 
tion of the Company, combined 
with the proposals above stated, 
would be little more than nuga- 
tory, with reference to the accom- 
plishment of any of the objects in 
the contemplation of the British 
government. The Peisbwa would 
endeavour to embarrass and im- 
pede the negotiation for the ad- 
justment of existing differences by 
chicane and evasion : and to pro- 
tract its arrival at ihat stage at 
which the British government 
should be required to interfere, it 
seems to be the policy of the iVIah- 
tattas at all times to reserve unad- 
justed ground of claim upon the 
states with which they are con- 
nected. The sincerity, therefore 
of the Peishwa's desire to effect a 
find adjustment of all his differ- 
ences with the Nizam may reason- 
ably be doubted. 

The guarded manner in which 
the Peidhwa has expressed his ac- 
quiescence in the arbitration of 
the British government, partakes 
of the same spirit of jealousy and 
distrust which regulates his con- 
duct with respect to the other con- 
ditions of the proposed connection, 
ti\d is by no means calculated 
to meet the comprehensive views 
which dictated the original propo- 
rtion for the equitable adjustment 
ofsubsisting differences between the 
courts of Hydrabad and Poona. 
In his Excellency's judgment, this 
article of thePeishwa s pvoposinons 
concedestous no privilege, which, 
under the circumstances of our 



intiipate connection with the Ni* 
zam, we do not already possess ; 
the Nizam might justly insist on 
an equitable adjustment of sub- 
sisting claims, and the Company, 
as his ally, might properly support 
him in exacting the fulfilment of 
the terras of that adjustment, if 
he should appear to possess any 
just claims on the Peishwa, or in 
resisting any other demands on the 
part of the latter, than such as 
upon due investigation may be 
deemed to be just and equitable. 
Of the remaining articles of the 
Peishwa'spropositions some are ex- 
clusively connected with the per- 
manent admission of a British sub- 
sidiary force within the Peishwa's 
territories; and the remainder are 
rendered inapplicable to present 
circumstances, by the conclusion 
of peace between Great Britain 
and France, but are susceptible of 
the modification described in a 
subsequent part of these instruc- 
tions. 

20. Under all these circum- 
stances, his Excellency is decided- 
ly of Opinion that an unqualified 
concurrence in the Peishwa's pro- 
positions would produce more in- 
jury than benefit to tlie British 
interests in India. The cession 
of a territory so circurostance4 
and so situated as that which the 
Peishwa proposes to assign for the 
discharge of the subsidy, would be 
productive of serious embarrass-* 
ments to the Company's afikirs« 
and would tend to counteract even 
the partial and prospective bene- 
fits, which we might expect to 
derive from his consent to subsi- 
dize a British force : under the fcti« 
pulated transactions, if combined 
with conditions more * consistent 
with the interests of the Company, 
his Excellency has no hesitation,, 
therefore, in resolving to reject 

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ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER, 1804. 



tike PeUhwA^s prop«>8m)» in tlieir 
present form. Some consider- 
ftlions^ however^ connected with 
ihe prescBt situation of tifkin in 
Europe and in India, dibpose the 
Governor General- to rekx in the 
conditions ubich his Excellency 
kftfr huherto considered and de- 
clared to be indispensable in the 
conclusion of any engagements of 
a Sttbttidiary and defensive nature 
wtth tbe Peishwa ; and rather than 
ahandoo the hope of establishing 
a further connection Mrith the 
state of Poona^ to acquiesce in 
the Itmk&tiou which the Peishwa 
kas prqpofied with respect to 
the subsidiary force, provided the 
FebhwawiU consent to an arrange- 
ment for tbe diKbarge of the sub- 
sidy more favourable to our views 
and interests than that which his 
Highness has offered to our accept- 
ance. 

21. Under, the impression of 
that jealousy and apprehension 
with which every member of the 
ftlahratta empire regards the 
power 9nd ascendancy of the Bri^ 
tish mttion in India, and under 
Ihe existence of tho«e politieal 
kirrJers which at present bcparate 
•ur interests from those of tlic 
Mabratta state, a general sense of 
iknger might possibly induce the 
several chieftains who compose 
the Mah rat ta< confederacy to en- 
deavour to compromise their mu- 
tual ditffcrences and dissensions, to 
reconcile their discordantinterests, 
mad to combine their respective 
powers and resources, for the 
parpose» of general security. The 
possibility of this conjecture is 
supported by the circumstances 
detailed in your dispatch of the 
JD th April, 1802. The iVlahraUas 
might take advantage of any fa- 
Tourable opportunity to under- 
mine or to suhvcrt the British 



power, and