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Full text of "A brief account of some travels in divers parts of Europe, viz. Hvngaria, Servia, Bvlgaria, Macedonia, Thessaly, Avstria, Styria, Carinthia, Corniola, and Frivli, through a great part of Germany, and the Low-Countries, through Marca Trevisana, and Lombardy on both sides the Po. With some observations on the gold, silver, copper, quick-silver mines, and the baths and mineral waters in those parts. As also, the description of many antiquities, habits, fortifications and remarkable places"

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/ ' 


Brief Account 



In divers Parts of 



HUNG ARIA, -^ AV SI ill A, 


S r TR 1 A 


Through a great part of 



The Low-Countries. Through Marca Trevifaria , and 
Lo7tiharJy on bodi lides the Po. 

With fomc Obicrvations on tlic Gof^, Silver, Copper, Qukk^iher Mines 
and tlie Batln and Mineral \\\itcn in thole Parts. ' 


The DcR ription of many Antiqtiitics.Habits, Fortifications and Remarkable Places. 

The Second lidition with mam- Additions. 

By EDW AKI) BRoWn, M. D. 

/. N D N, 

Printed for Bifij. Iook\ and are to be Sold hv Tho. SawbriJgc. 
at die Three 1 lomr-ilc'luccs in Littlc-lhittain, \6^-j. 



A Great part of thefe Papers were Printed eight years 
fince, arid fome of them have [te7i the light 7io lefs 
than tvpehe : But fince that the Copies ha-ve been 
difpofec/of, and the Impreffions foU ^ the ^ookkWcM hath 
thought jit to Reprint them together. In order to which, 
vphilji he gaue vie the Opportunity to read them over, / 
could not omit the making of divers Additions^ and ad]oy7i- 
ing ajiother Journey through the delightful Country of 
Lombardv : Calling to mind the Magnificeiice of fame 
Roman Afitiquities, and the Remarkable Actions of great 
Men in thofe Quarters. Whereby I might give a Jhort Ac- 
count of the jirange Fate and various ''Revolutions of divers 
of their ancient Cities. As to the natural Curicjities and 
Obfervations in the fir/i parts, it would be unnecejfary to 
viake any Introduclion, they having now run through fo ma~ 
7iy hands. I can only fay, that what you had in fcattered 
parts before, are here compacted together in one intire Vo- 
lume , and hope for the fame kind Accepta?ice. The num- 
ber of the Cuts are increafed , and the Figures of divers 
Habits, Medals and Antiquities, added: The Particidar 
Defer iption of which, in this Prctace would prevejit the fa- 
tisfaciion of confidering them in their proper places ; to 
which IJhall refer you, wijhing you the fame pleafure in 
viewing them there, that I have had formerly in beholding 
them in their due Situations, and in the Contemplation and 
Defcription of them afterwards. 

Edward Brown. 


( I ) 


General Defcription 

o f 


O W far H7J NGAR I A exceeds other Countries of 
E^rops m Mines, Baths and Mineral-waters ; becaufc I 
have elfewhcre given a particular account of fuch Sub- 
jedts, I fhall at prefent omit tlicir repetitions, and at 
this time add feme other Confiderables; and m the 
firll place fay, That it aboundeth not only in thofe, 
i>ut IS :! o^tiie beft Rivcred Country in Europe: nor doch any Region 
thereoi aiTord (i) many noble and ufeful Streams. 

On the Ea.a fide it is ualhcd with that Noble and Navigable River 
Tn'.'jc-^s.o'c the TeHle, arifing in the Country oi Muromor-js, at the foot 
ot tic high Carpathi.mHilh: which, having received tht Mar^Jcus or 
Alan/.,, and many Rivers into it, runneth into the Danube, between 
rarcJine, ^i. Peter nnd Belgrade. By this River comes down the 
great quantity of natural Stone-lilt, brought from many Salt-mines 
m Hungary and Tranjyhaiuri', whereof a great part is brought up the 
Danube to ali Places, as far a^: Vreshurq^ ; ( it being prohibited to be ear- 
ned any jiigher ) lealt it ihould hinder the lale of the Ausinan Salt 
up :)n which the Emperor hath an Import, and no fmall quantity alfo 
dc.W'i tlic Danak-, and afterwaids up the River Mora-va into Servia and 
neiglibouring Countries. 

On tlie Weft lide runs the River Araho or Rah, rifing in Styna, and 
lunning into tlie Danuhchy Javnmim or Rub. A confiderable River 
receiving; tiie Laufnitz, Finca,, and other Rivers into it. And 
now 1 tely more famous for t!ie deleat of the Turks, under Achmei- the 
Grand F'f^cr , by the Imperial Forces, at St. Got hard, nigh this River. 
The difcourfe hereof was I'relh, when I was at the City of Rab : and ma- 
ny I found, who law the Corps of Men and Horles floating in that 

Upon the Southern Parts are confiderable, the River Dravus or Drau 
which arifing in the Territory oi SaltzburglanJ, a part of old Noricutn, 
ru!i, a long couric tiirough Carmthia and Elungary, and falls into 
tiie Damde nejr ErdoeJ, or old teutolnrgium; alter it hath palled Irom 
its head about three hundred Miles, /^ibout its entrance into Ihma- 
ry, It receiv.'th into it the long River Mur ; and, lar above this, nearer 
Its original I found it a coni'dcrable Stream : having palled tlie lame 
by a good Br;dg as Ivgli ^% }}llacb Qr ytlhco, and between ClaTenhrt 
and Mount /.c'/^/v// mCarhhui, I p-llcd the fame alio bv two lo-'^ 

Wooden Bridges, and an Ulind in the m^dJie between them' 






The General Vefcripticn of Hungar^'. 


On the lame fide is alio the noble River S^zus, or the Sau ; whicli i- in Carhtfju, entreth the Dumle at Ee/gri^e ■ continuing a Ion- 
courTe oF about three hundred Miles, andfwclhngby the acallion ot 
manv flood Rivers. Being at Cir^o^unum or Crjoinir: an hrnJlcm 
Town, not far diftant irom the Head, it appeared a confidcraHe .'stream; 
which is afteruards fo enlarged, as to have remaikab e I(.^n...s in it, as 
that of Metularis, to the Weft of old Snmum, and that of .S.-^f ;//r.7 or 
Siijeck hy Z^irahia, containing of old a ftrong and lamous I own; 
unto which tlie old Rma^i brought their Commodities kom Aqiulasi, 
and fo h\ Land to ULichix: Nauportni; Irom thence unto Seqediia, 
and forwards, for the fupply of thofe Provinces and their Garnlons 
and Forces in them. Between thefe two noble Currents ot the Dra^ia 
and the Savus, lyeth a fair and long hm-:imm^>, Country, uherein 
Sohman the M.ignificcnt chofe a fate retreat, until he came to /^r/- 
zride- when with about four liundrcd thouland Men, which he 
brought to take rten>u, he dared not to meet the Forces ot Cl:arks the 
Fifth, then encamped before that City. " -r r r 

Ui>on the North part of Hti>igary, are the Rivers arifing irom the 
CarLtHan Mountams, which divid'eFcA/'/^ and Hnng^ry ; more parti- 
cularlv the River Cnw, nv liich runs into the Dannie, over agamic 
Str,z,o^iruraov(jn7,!; and alfo the River F/VMg or f\:g/^s, which comes 
in above Cor^^^r., : which Su^kius, an ocular W'itnels conceiveth to e- 
qual tlie Fo in l'j(y. I am fure, at FrfJJht, above fifty Miles, betore 
it difchargeth into the D^imle, it is a very large Stream, and hath 
a long Bridge over it; part whereof was broken down by the Ice, the 
fame year w hen 1 was there. And far above it, nearer the head, there 
is alfo a ccnfiderable Bridge at rrf«/cZv«,a fair Town, which gives the 
name unto that Country, and much reforted unto tor its hot Baths and 
Mineral U atcrs; having no lefs than thirty two plentilul Springs. 

The c^reat Damluts or Thi^M continues its Stream quite tiirough 
I/mgan ; and no one Province hath a larger thare ot it ; tor account- 
ing froni the City of ^^/we in Sivalenbnd ox Suevia . where it begin - 
ncth to be Navigable, it continues a long courle, patHng by hgdJtaJ, 
Ratislotie, StrauliKi^, P^U^u, Lintz and rknna unto I'reslurg ; from 
w hence through Hungary it makes a courfe ot above three hundred 
Miles, before it partes by Belgrade : To omit the long Stream thereof 
in itsVarther progrefs, when having walhed the Shoars ot'Serv/a, Bul- 
garia, VVallachia and Moldavia, With many mouths it entreth tlie Ew 
xine or Bla k-Sea : having in this long paflage drank in above fixty con- 
fiderable Rivers ; and in lobcr account pertbrmed a courle ot above 
fifteen hundred Miles. \\ hereby it may tolerably admit the dowble 
name of Danuhms and Ister , properly applyed unto diftinttl Parts 

thereof. , ,, , . . j . 

So that, altho I have feen tl;e Danulius. tor about feven hundred 
Miles ; yet cannot tell, whether I may certainly lay, that I have Icen a- 
ny part of nter. For Straho afcribes that name unto it , below its 
Catarad, or great tall, which happenes about Axio/w/n; in Mt^/ja in- 
ferior, or Bulgaria. But .-^ppranui, and later Account, detinc it to be- 
gin at its concurrence with the Savui at Belgrade ; and it to, yet we 
had but a ihort fight of the IJier ; which travelling more up into Scr- 
z'ta, we were tain to leave at Hijjargicb. And ot this IJler or lower 
part ot the River, many things are fpokcn and related by the Ancients, 

which are not fo plainly veritiable of Danuhius. 


The General Defcrifthn of Hungarv. 

Befides thefe large Rivers above named, there arc irAWt others, taken 
notice of alfo by Pl/ny ; and cfteemed tlwvti mn ignohiles. The ^ar- 
viztj or Orpams, arifing near rejpri lum^ and palling by Alha Rsgulis^ 
runs into the Dard^ty whicli I palE^d over at 7^>»/, or novd Fulu.> 
ka. Tiie River iValpo or l^dpunti.., arifing above the Town ot' \'\\ihOy 
which was taken by Solyman^ in his march to Alha i^egaLs, or Stull- 
Weijjenhurg Wc pafTed over it by W jAt^iwr, and the River Boj)iethor 
Eacun'hus y which runs into the Suvia, not tir from old Sirmi'^ 


As this Country excels in Riv^ers, fo has it alfo many c -nfidera- 
ble and long /^ndges. There is a long Bridge of Boats over the Danuht^ 
between Stngonium and Banhan^ which is the firlf Bridge on this Ri- 
ver, which we meet with from t!ie great Wooden Briilge at/^V^/;«tj, 
which takes above two thoufand Trees to plancher it. Upon the ihoar 
of vSt. A,i^fre'.v\ I[lj>3rt by I'lrouukitz^ I took n*)tice of a ruine of bronesj 
where the lurki told us, there had been tormerlv a Stone Bridge : but 
the Tt4rh in thefe Pares, think it bell to make Bridges of Boats; which 
they lb handlomly contrive, as to open a paiTjge tor Boars and Vellcls 
of burthen to pals; (o that he that Leholds thole in thefe Parts, will 
not wonder at the Bridges of Boats at Ronen. and GrenvUe in irame. 
Between Budu and PeH^ there is a Bridge of Boats ovei^ the LU^mhe^ 
where it runs all in one Stream, of above half a Mile long, the bell 
I have ften of this kind; and it Sigijmund had lived lo tflcdt his De- 
fign, of making a notable Stone Bridge in this Place, tiiere had proba- 
bly been no bridge in E^rpe to compare with it. There is alio a 
Bridge at Calocza^ lormerly an Arckhijhop\ Sea, and a hmdlome and 
well-contrived Bridge, by Wakoxar o\zt the River Wulpo, But that 
of Fll'ak, or Murfu of old, is fcarce to be parallel'd with nny other; 
built partly o'.er the Druvus^^ and partly ov^r the Fe>f?ts,wh'ich are often 
overflowed. The Bridge is five MiJcs at lead in length, having Towers 
built upon it at the dillance of every quarter of a Mile : It is hand- 
Ibmly railed on each fide, and fupported by great Trees, crecicd under 
it; nin- or ten in a rank, unto each Arch. That part of the Bridge, 
which wa> built over the DraiuSy was burnt down by Count A'/c/W^ji 
Serin, in the late Jurkilh Wars between Leopoldm the Firll:, Emperor 
of Germa'j^ and Pultun ^Lihomet the Fourth ; and is now lupplvei 
by a Bridge of Boats, (omewhat b low the tbrmer ; which I palled o- 
ver in September^ 1669. The Turks did not rebuild it in the fame 
place, becaufe the Supporters below the Water, when the fire c afed, 
were fo Ifrongly fatlned and hard, that it would have coft them too 
great a labour to get them a p. By this Bridge the Inrkijk Forces pais 
into f/u>?gary: and at this place the un^lortunate King Ludovicus 
thought to have flopped the Turkilh Army which marched undier So^ 
lymua. And lately Count Serini undertook a long March to burn the 
fame, to prevent Supplies from coming to the Fiper^ who was with his 
Army u\ otlier parts of Hungary. 

And as there are ll:ill many Bridges over the upper DanuLe^ io have 
there alio been in Old time upon the lo^'er,. or Ijirun part tliereof. 
Darius King of Perjia made a Bridge of Boats over that Mouth o\ tlie 
IJhr called Ljlium Sacrum. Nicepkorus relates, that Conjiant^ic buik 
a Stone Bridge over it. But the moll remarkable and admirable Br:dge, 
was that, built by the Emperor Adrian^ and delcribed by Divn the Hi- 
ftorian ; wheieof there are ftilJ lome Raines, wox. tar from Scvenn^ a- 

13 1 bou? 





The General Defcription cf Hungary. 

! ' '1 


bout twenty Hungarian Miles from Belgrade. This Bridge con lifted 
of twenty Piles of fquare Stone of an hundred foot high, befiJcs the 
Foundation : of fixty foot in breadth, and the diflance between each of 
fhcm one hundred and fcventy footj and conjoyned by Arches upon 
the which was this Infcription, ' 



And, 35 a Memorial hereof , many Roman QQ\m were ftamped, and 
fome in Silver, not yet rare among us, with this Infcription, D A M U- 
VIUS. r , - o 

No River affbrdcs fo large and peopled Iflands- Between Vkegrad 
and Facia, there is a fair and large Ifland, called St. AnJreivs I/land. 
Another a little below Buda, againft the Weft fide of w hich ftand? 
Adorn, extending forty Miles ; and exceeds that of the ijle of Man^ 
containing many Villages in it; ujxjn jxirt whereof the Turkifr. For- 
ces encamped, when they came to raile the Cbrillian Siege at B^^dJ^^ 
and was the great omiftion and error of the Chriftians, that they for- 
tified not in that Ifland. Another againft Mohatch : another about the 
entrance of the Dravus : and a new one hard by Belgrade, made by 
the fettling of the Silt or Oiife brought down by the Savui and the 
Danuie ; where thirty five years ago there was no face of an Ifland 
but is now full of Trees ,• how this may advantage or difadvantage 
Belgrade, future times may fhew. But the Turk! are fo fecure and 
fearlefs of any Forces, that may ever hurt them in thcfe Parts, thac 
they have no confideration of fuch thing?. And allowing the River 
Leyta to be the boundary of Auliria, the Ifland of Schut, or Infula Ci- 
tuoruw, will prove moft confiderablc of any ; containing many good 
Towns, as Comaray Samarien ; befides very many Villages. And paf- 
fmg through it, I found it well peopled and ordered againft Incurfi- 
ons; wherein there have been divers, formerly made by Turks, Tar- 
tars, and rebellious Forces. 

No River whatfoever, fo far from its difcharge into the Sea, af- 
fordes more Naval Veflels of ftrength and fufficiency forFight ; nor hath 
any afforded the like fignal Engagements and Encounters, at this di- 
ftance from the Sea. The Emperor hath fome Veflels of War handfom- 
ly built, like Gallies at Vienna, presiurg and Cornora ; and an Arfenal 
for provifion of many upon occafion. The Turk at Strigonmm, Buda 
Belgrade, and other places below. * 

At the Siege o'i Belgrade, Mahomet the great brought two hundred 
Ships and Gallies, well appointed, up the Stream. And the Han'i^arians 
THr{:ijh H.iitry. (ent fo many down the Stream, from Bnda, that after a Iharp encoun- 
ter, they took twenty of the Turkrjh Vefl'els, and forced the reft on 
Shoar near the Camp ; fo that, to prevent failing into the Enemies 
hand, Mahomet was fain to caule them to be fet on'fire. The Ckrifti. 
nrtin, u-a ""^ ^^^ ^ S^at Fleet at the Siege of Buda, when all mifcarricd under 
^^^"^^ Count RegeHfdorf. For the Hiftory delivers, that the ChnfltaH Fleet 
confifted of tour and twenty Galliots, about fourfcore fmail Pinnaces, 
and little lels than an hundred Ships of Burthen, and other great Boats' 


The Gemral Defcnpion of Hungarv\ 


By the help of fuch Naval Vefl'els Wolfgandus Hodder did a good 
piece ot Service, when Solyman befieged Ftevm ; for he came out of 
Freshnrg with armed Veffels, and funk tte Vefltls fenc troai Buda 
witft the great Ordnance, to batter the Walls o^ Vienna. 

And as this Country aboundcih in Rivers, fo is it not without fsme 
irotabie Lake-,-, as the Lake Balaton ot Plaffee,m Volcata of old, cxtend- 
m a great length between Vefpnmum and t\\^Drav'*s, with fome 
itrong i-orrs upon it This Lalce put a ftop unco the cruelty of Saly- 
^^>.' s .bouldiers , who deffroyed all from iB/.^^ unto the Lake 
EaUton And fince it lyeth on tlie Eaft r,f the Rivtr lesta, uo 
may alfo .-eckon in the Newfidler Sea, a pleafant Lake; feven 
(senxany^ts Jong, and three broad: fo called from Ncnvhdel, 
a imall Town, of one ftreet and fome backward Houles, with a Imall 
Iquare Caftle upon an Hill by it, from whence I had a good profpedt o- 
ver all tlic Lake. In the Commotions of Eotjcay, tourteen Villages a- 
bouc this Lake were burnt by Turks, Tart at s and rebellious JTtyducks. 
ihe H!i>igarKim call it Terteu ami Pliny, Pafo. It vs in the middle 
way between F,er.7,a and Sahana, the birth-pkce cf Saint M;m« 
The ,onc^ extended plain of Pamp^, in Paraguay in America, exceeds 
ail otier^, as being two tho ifand Miles in length. And I have 
heard that famous Navigator, Captain Narhorough, fav, who not long 
fince, was Commander of the Stveepjiakes , and made a Vovage in her 
into t;ie So.i:h-Sea, that there is all low Land from the River oi Plate 
unto the middle of the Straights of Magellan. Mofcovia and PoLndhzVQ 
long Plains, but many of them Woody, and obfcured bv Trees • but 
none more open and clear Plains than this Country. 'The greatelt 
Plains I have obierved in England, arc thole of Salishurv, Lincoln and 
New-Market. But thefe are but long Walks, compared with thole of 
^ri?fg :ry. and are exceeded by the Plains oi Aujina, from Fiema unto 
Mount Smmeren, unto the Borders of Styria. And though the Vpper- 
Hungary be hilly and plentiful in Wood ; yet arc there large Plains 
below. I travelled trom Fienna to Belgrade , about four hundred Miles, 
upon continued and not interrupted Plains ,- which often app ared like 
the Sea, without any vifible Eminencics, only a fliort and plain Wood, 
h^ Bacna, and Shtlherg, beyond Dotn ; and if we reckon the full of 
this Plain, It will prove much longer, extending from Mount /Wf>?W 
or Cettas, two German Miles Well-vi^rd of Vienna, and fo beyond Bet 
gra-fe, ftill afong the North fide o^ the Dannie, unto the Borders of 

«?M'"'r ' ' ^^'^''^''' ^^^^' "^^^^ ^ '^''S'^'" ^^"^^"^ ' ^^^^" the famous fons 
Wilk from Agra^ to Labor in India. This plainnels of the Country 

affords an handlome way of Travelling in open Clwriots, carrying 
one or two Men with a Chanoter, drawn by two or three, fometimes 
four Horfes a Breaft ; and room enough to lye down. In this man- 
ner I trav elled from Buda to Belgrade, "over fair large Plains ; and ma- 
ny Miles upon Grecn-Swarthe and unworn Waves ; efpecially in the 
County r^ Sirmium or Schremnia as they now call it. 

No Country hath \o large a Ihare of Capital Cities upon the Da- 
nube; for whereas From tliecourfe thereof, from 7jlme unto Belgrade, 
there are reckoned Ten very confiderablc one,s,there are no lefsthun four 
thereof, that is I'reslurg, Stn^onium, Buda and Belgrade accounted 
unto Hungary ; and Buda, with the addition o( Te/l, on tlie otlierfide 
the Water, fecms to be the largcft of them all ; and I believe the lar- 
gelj alio of any upon that Stream. 



i • 

The General Defer ipicn c/ Hungary. 

The General Dejcriftion cf Hungar^^ 

And .T. this Country excels in Rivers, fo is it very abundant in 
/■,'lhes. 1 he 'filifcus or Ttife, is cHccmcd the moft Filhy River in 
Europe, if not in tlie World ; infcmuch, that they have a common lay- 
iri;^, That It ci:>ifijls of tiio parts cfHutcr, and one of Filb. And the 
Kuxr which runs into the fihtfcus, not far from Tokay^ is fo re- 
pitniihtd wit.h ///^that in the Summer u hen the River is low,the Peo- 
ple fay the Water fmellsof Filh. And this is no fmall River, but as 1 had 
tijc account from a Commander who purpofely made it for 
me when he pafled it , was thirty Fathoms broad, and % X 
tight and an halt deep, but being'of this Figure it could \/^ 
not be w'jil lilhed with Nets. Which exceeding tertilicy, 
if any will afcribe untJ Saline Tmdures, both of its own Stream, and 
others acccliionary into it, which lick the ir.any natural Salt-Mines un- 
der groutid, and fo may carry with them, or at leaft promote fome 
Principles of fuecua Jity, may admit of confideration. The Danuls 
aboundcth in many good Filhes; as Trout s, Ferches, larg^ and delici- 
ous C.^r'^es, exceeding any I have feen ; and befides many others, a 
Fiih called 'C'pp^n, a kind of Capita ; a Btfcur^.e, or kind ot Lamprey , 
a (jrundtL. or l|X)tted kind oiCoLitis, v\ith fix Beards, two ihort, and 
tour ionj^'-r ; a large i lili much exceeding a Fike, called ScbeyJeny a 
:ijiitri^.s Qtfnen: and above all, there is at fome Seafons great ftore of 
Flufncs, called by them H.iuj.ns: whereof fome are twenty toot long; 
eftecmed a very good diili, and fomewhat like Stnrgeon. There are 
let FiJlung-placts and Store-houfes upon tlie fide of the Danuhe ; where- 
01 the iiighcft is above C>jmo a, upon Schut-IpH^y but the greatefl: 
Fiihing is'about Ftlia in ^'alachia ; where they fait them, and fend 
them mto other Parts : they come out of the Euytine Sea. 
" As the Rivers are full of Fiili, fo are they covered with Foal, in the 
Vl^inter ; Swans I obfe. ved none in the Danuh, but many other Fowls ;. 
an J fome Pelicans, not far from Belirade. 

As the Waters are alfotruitful in Filh. fo the Land aboundeth m o- 
ther Frovifions ; and very eminently in the two fupporters of Life, 
Bread and H 'mi : their Bread is hardly exceeded by any in Europe ; 
worked up and kneaded with long continued labour ; and fo made 
li^^lu w holfome, and viell tailed ; and at fo cheap a rate, that for two 
pence as much is atTorded there, as twelve pence with us in England. 
And indeed in all the Turkijh Dominions, where I travelled, I met with 
fo "ood and well tafted Bread, tlut with Wine, it was a Feaft ; and 
Willi Water a fufficicnt Repaa. Craves they have very dehcious and 
large ; thofc at r^rouiditz by ^actj, are of eminent Note; IVines alfo 
of a generous and noble fort; the Wines of Tokay arc highly efteem- 
cd ; the Sirmian Wines are very rich and pleafant, in the South part 
of ^Hungary , in w hich Province the Emperor Frohus is faid to have 
planted Vines, about Mount Almus or Arpataro. In many other pla- 
ces the Wines are very noble; and fome brov^ht unto /'if»»j, whtre 
there are above thirty forts oi Wines to be fold, brought from feveral 

^arts. , ^ , . . „, r \ 

And as the ground is not unfruitful in its own Nature, lo tliey are 

not svithout the pracailc o\ Qocd- Husbandry, both in their Arable and 
P fture Grounds : cfpecially in Vpfer-Flungary, and Parts not fubjc- 
dted to the Turks. I K'ing there, about the end oi February, faw eve- 
ry night all the Country about us on fire, occafioncd, by burning the 
Stubble and Grafs and Herbs ; which alterwards, arofc with plenty 
again. '^'^/'^ 


;; M 


St£p€ etumjlenleu zncendere profuit agros^ 

At que levem Jl/pulam crepitant ihus urere fiammis. 

To fct their Fields on fire, and Stubble burn 
With crackhng Flames, does to their profit turn. 

Thev ufe not Barnes or Stackes of Corn ; but have many deep and 
large Gives under Gr<:)und, wherein they lay it up fafe, both from Rob- 
Lcrs ani fudden incurfion ot Enemies. At C/efch near Toopclchan, 
\\ hen the Turks and Tartars made their Inroads m the tail Wars, 
the People retired, and hid themlelves in fuch Cavities; but fome Turks^ 
Ipeakin^ Schlavoman^ told tliem that the Coafl u as clear, and the Ene- 
my gone I and fo tempting them cut of their Holes, they were unfor- 
tunately deceived into Captivity, and earned a^^'ay into remote Coun- 
trevs. ne'er to be heard of again. 

There is alfo great plenty ot' Decr^ Hares^ all forts olVoultrey^ Tar* 
irufges diV.d Pf:ejjar?ts ; great (lore of Shetp^ which in divers places, 
h.nelon<;. Spiral Horns, and very long curled WoolL And Oxen in 
g-'jut nunVers, whereof 'tis thought they fend an hundred thouiand 
} early in:o Italy, (jcrmany^ and other Parts ; and it is commonly faid, 
they have enough to ferve a great part of Europe. They are of a kind 
di MvtiJ€'\:olour ; and the Eajicm C wpany at Fienna hath the privilege 
to bring them, to lurmlh that City. There are alfo B^jfelo's where- 
of they make no fmall advantage, in ploughing of their Lands, efpc- 
cially in fomic fnti Grounds, where they muft elle ufe five Yoaks of 
Oxen to a Plough ; and one in my company told me that he had been 
fain to make ule of fix Buffelos to draw a light Calleche^ or Chariot 
through fome Grounds. Not far from Botefech^ there are //br/i?x alfo 
in very great number, fome large, many but fm.all, yet fwiit. I faw a 
thouiand of them bel®nging to the Peafants at Soney Sene or Senu^ a 
Village upon the D-^nuhe^ in the Contribution Country, nor far from 

As they exceed in many things, fo they are peculiar in fome ethers ; 
particularly in their Lang^age^ which is prcper to thcmfelves, and dif- 
ferent from any other. I v\ cnt to a Church at Bitchka^ w here the 
Mtnifter Prayed and Preached ; and though there were a \'ery good 
Linguill with nie, who fpake ScHarcn/an^ German^ Turki/h^ f^-^ul^ar 
Greek and Italian ; yet could he make nothing ot it, or find affinity 
in it, with any other Language he knew. A Specimen hereof is let 
dou n by I^L^gijerus^ of the Lords Prayer^ in thac Language. Mi At- 
t\af?ck Ay vagj az meniegle^ m gh Szentel Tejjeck az te neived. &c. la 
the like manner we were confounded by the Language of Aib.iHia^ o\\ 
the \orthv\ard part of £/?/>«!, and Well of Macedonia, We made ufe 
of fome of that Countrey in palling the Mountains, who uere able to 
fpeak fome Scklaz-cman: But as for Alhaneje^ or their own Language, 
w herein they were delighted to fing Day and Night, as they travellcxl 
with usjOur bed Linguill:s,both Turks and C/T////j//j,undern:ood nothing 
of it. 

In fome parts of Huniary, many fpeak Schlavonian, at Freiflat^ which 
the Hungdnans call Colgotz. I obierved, that at the Church, the Ser- 
mon was in ScUazonian ; but at the Franc/jeans Church, in Flur^^anan. 
This incomm.unication in Speech, makes them to learn other Langua- 




J he General Defcription 0/ Hungary. 

g;s and flpcciall} the Z.///;/, uhicli verv great nur.bcrs fpeak efpcci 
ally the (jcyitry and SnuU/ers. znd 1 Tcarce met v^'itii any tlitu here who 
fpakcitmnre ready ,tlian the Nobfc GniffSacchy.Qovcxnom i^i Doth and 
Ills Lieutenant Ehe^fy. I have al/o met u ith Coachmen, Watermen 
inL\ mean I'eifons, who could make themfclves underllond thereby ' ' 

1 he Latm-Jo^gw i. very fcrviceable in I/nm^^ina and //v; /A/^ mi 7 • 
Lutbclr.w AV/.r.,.y,' otlKtle help untoa Travelkr,wlicrc that far extendi 
ing Lingunge,thc^.-/A;-..<7>;A;« prevails. Anc! indeed,^ !;h thehch) oft'vvo 
Languages, 6Vy-wjA? and A7.'/ji'o«/ J V, a Man may make a ihift'to Tri 
vel trom /A,«;/^;;,. to the Boders of, and to Confla»u>:opie. 
And I have heaid that tlic SchLivcnun alone is iinderftood from Mark- 
elberg in Germany to the Cafpian Sea. And before wc come to Behr i^e 
the ^rM7^m^« enters again, • which is allb fpokcn in Servu, sXarn 
homania, and a great part of .^/.rW.^Az; and in fo many otlier Coun- 
tr)s that with this Language a Man may make a fhift to be under- 
flood fromtlic Adnatick-Sbore of Dalmatia, unto th.^TartarumOcean 
1-or wc read m /Vrr/v;;, that when the HolLxnrlcr^ returned from Nr-'t 
ZetnLLi ■ the fnliabitants not very far off could liv, Dohe and N^ich 
i^r'^Af ; that IS, OW, and not Co.rrf'; which arc cxprcflions of tfi)^;-,-... 
ing or diUpprof wr, in the Sdla-ccmM Language. 

The 7/./-X7y;. Power fo much prevailing or threatning in thcfe Parts • 
It IS in vain, to expedt any great Tjnrjerfity bc\ond / len^i:,. \or do [ 
hnd that there hath been any very confiderabfe ones in this Countrev - 
and tiougli they have had many Bijhops and learned Men • yet' thev 

of old tf ''y" ^^""^5 1 " r?^°>' °^" ?T «^t «f' ^-S"7- As had al!b 

addict thcnifelves unto Learning, cfpecially thofe of Quality do com- 
monly Study at Vienm, Prague or Brejlaw ; a linall Univerlitv, or cub- 
liCK Study there is at prcfent at SchernHkz. ' 

But tlie Hungarum may julHy boaft of earlv helps unto learning 
and a very noble Library ereded at Buda, by their King Matthi u cX 
I'lms Son ot the famous Hunmadcs, about two hundred years a-o • 
confilbng of lome thoufands of Books, efptciallv (Ircek ?nd Latiy," Va' 
nufcnpts, not to be met uith or Purchaled eldwhere ,• part whereof 
was dilperfcd into the Turktlh Dommions, when ^*/y«*d« iurprize i that 
City,- and a choice part thereof procured afterwards, for the Impend 
Library ^t l^ienna, when Cufpinianm was Keeper thereof, divers \vhere 
ot are marked with the ArmesofO/-x./>//«, a Crow Learm^a Gold R'„r 
tn his Beak; whicii with many (licceeding additions, made by Bii^'it 
9UIUS, tfolfga^gta, Laziiis, Fngger, and '.thers; together uith the 
choicefl Mamjaipts, brought from the Amlraft.m Library near 
Injprucb , by the Learned Petrus Lamlecius, the prcfent Library 
Keeper, make up the fourfcore thoufand Volumes, now contained m 
the Emperors Lihrav^ at rhnna, by the efpecial Favour of which wo-- 
thy Perlon, I had the honour, not only to fee minv of the choiccll 
and mofl fpccious thereof, together w ith many Noble Rarities in that 
I'iace but to have any uletul Book unto my private Lodgings ^vi\ 
at m>' comirg away, he gave me a Catalogue of fome hundreds of dl- 
chym calMamJinprs, which are in that Library, which I prcfentcd to 
the Royal Society, from him ; with leave to have any of them brouc^lir 
into £«^/^W, or to be Tranlcribed at rienyia, if they pleafed. And if 
the tr.ree molt admirable Brajs Statua's of Hercules, Apollo and Diana 
wluch were placed at the entrance of Cor-ji„us his Palace in Eurh, 


The General Deft nption of Hungary, 

i I 

had not been carried away by Solyma^i^ and cafl into Urdnance ar Cok- 
fiantinople ; it is not improbable, they had been b}' this time at I'lenna. 
About four hundred Books, the Rcliqucs and ret'ufe of the Library at 
BuJj^wtro, latel}' remaining there; where it was no eafie matter to have 
a fight of them ; yet fo careleHy kept by the Turks^ that Worms, Mice 
and Rats w ere like to have the Spoil thereof But the fire at Bkd^ 
\66(). hath now confumxd them all. 

And as their Language is peculiar, fo is the Opinion of their Crow n ; 
of which they have tiie greatcH eileem of any other Nation. This 
they commonly belicv e to have been brouglu by an Angel from Hea- 
ven unto Sc. Stephen^ their King ; and have lb high an cftimation there- 
of, that they think, the Right and Fate of the Kingdom gt^cth witli 
the pcllelfion thereof Which makes them very wary in tlic CuiloJy 
of it, and in all Adverfities to fecure it. And the Turk iiati) been al- 
ways induflriou.s to obtain it. It was formerly kept in tlie Caftle of 
yice%rul\ but at prefent in that of /'r^iT^^r^. 

And this opinion is probably founded upon tlie Tradition or Story, ^:^^-^-^ '-^ 
how they came unto it; w hich is thus delivered. King Steplx^n inten- '''^^^^^* 
ding tc fettle the Chriflian Governmicnt in his Kingdom, appointed tw'o 
Arch-Eifrops Sees ; Strigomum^ which was the place of his Nativity, 
and Colocza ; and fent ^Jincus^]S\^'\o^ ot Cokxzj^ to the Pope,to confirm 
the (arne, together with his Kingdom, and to lend himaCrou'n, and 
other Royal Ornaments. At the fame time it fell out, that Mijcj^ King 
of PoUntJiy ient about the lame Errant : and a Crown wis providing 
for him. But Pope Benedid the Eight, in the mean tim^e u as warned 
Ly an Angelical Apparition^ to fend the Crow n unto King Stephen ; 
\\hich accordingly he did, which probably begot that great Venerati- 
on and high Opinion, they ha va ever fince had of it. 

The Crou n it felt" is allb fingUlar in its Falhion and Figure ; for it is 
a low Crown, with a Crofs upon it, with tour Leaves or Turnings up 
about it; one whereof is as large as the othc three, at leail as two 
thereof It is no ealle Favour to obtain a view of thi.> Crou*n at Vres- 
lurg^ but I faw a Model of it in the Trealure of the prelcnt Emperor 
Leopoldus ; which was a Crow n of Gold, adorned with man} precious 
Stones, exad:iy made after the fa(hi.on of the Ilurigarun Crou n, and 
perhaps richer than the exemplar. 

Though the Hungarians want not Ingenuity, Indullry, and fuificient 
parts for Learning, and liberal Arts ; yet have they been more addi(fted 
nnlo Martial affairs^ than unto deep Learning : Even the Bijkops and 
Clergy-men proving ftout Soldiers ; andnolefs than fix Bilhops wqxc 
llain, with their King Lndovicus, in that fatal Battel oi Mohatcb, 

Some report, and others believe , that the lamous Poet, Oxi^/died, 
and w as buried in Hungary at Saharui^ feated at the confluence ot the 
Rivers Gnntz and Regnitz before they run into the Rak Where it is 
reported, that he having been baniflied unto Tomoj^ near the Eaxinc 
Seay was at lail recalled, and in his return towards Italy died at Sala^ia. 
Where 'tis laid his Tomb w as found with this Epitaph , made by 
himlelt' ; 

IIic fitus efl rates^ qftem Divi Cxiaris Ira 

Auguili pairid cedere jujiit humo, 
Siepc nnjcr ^^oluit patriis occumhere terris^ 
SeJ fni/lra , ii^fc iHi fata dedere locunu 

C Before 

:u: of 

F 1 




The General Defcription of Hungan'. 


Monfleur ds 



Before I came into ///w^t^rv, loblcrvcd no IhadovV or Ihew of the 
old Pyrrhical Saltation, or Warlike way of Dancing , which thc//i^v- 
flucks pradlice in this Country. They dance with naked Svvords in 
their hands, advancing, brandilhing and claihing the lame; turning, 
winding,tlevating, anddeprclling tiitir bodies with ftrong and active 
motions ; fmgmg withal unto thcir meafurts, atcer the manner oi tiie 

The mighty A^ts of Attila , King of this Country , together with 

the numerous Forces he brought (jut oi: thele and the neighbouring 

parts, are very remarkable j whereby he over-ran a confiderablc: pare 

o^Germafiy^ and a great part ot /^j/y ; Sicked and Burnt AqmULx-:, 

and fought that memorable Battel with ^V/^a, the A'^/wj;i General, in 

Campis Catalonku^ near Tholouje ; wherein 'tis (aid were ten Kin;i^s pre- 

fenr, and about two hundred thoufand lliin : and , which is alio cb- 

fervablc, the Generals on both fides were of thefe Parts; tor AttiU 

WdiSz Hiome ^ and ^Etnus a Miefian ^ ox Servian, of the neighbour 

Country. And in fuccceding Ages, how far and widely the Kings of 

Hu>igary enlarged their Dominions, befidcs many Hiftorica] Accounts, 

is teitified at their Coronation , by ten Banners carried by Great Per- 

fcns ; wherein were reprefented ten Provinces of that Kingdom : that 

is, Hunyxria, Dalmatia^ Creat/a , Schlavonia^ Qalijta , Rajcu^ Servia^ 

Bulgaria^ Bofnia^ ap.dLu^omir/a. 

This Country has given the longefl (top unto the Turkijl Conqucfls, 
and farther intrufion into the VVeftern Parts of Europe. Fur mull, 
which they have already obtained, has been upon the advantage ot the 
Hungarian Divifions, and their own lubtilty and faifc pradifes ; and 
Solyman, by fuchfalfe and low dealings, furprized the Capital City of 
Eiida. And although the Turk ha55»w obtained the belt part of the 
Country- yet almolt a third part remains out of his Power, and in 
obedience to the Emperor, as King of Hungaria : as almoft all Vpper 
Hungary, {rom Preslarg unto Tokay, and Zjtmjr, And there arc yet 
out of their hands the three notableft Bulwarks of Chnjlendcm ; Rafj^ 
/{omara^ and Leopolr/jlar/t ; all which I had tlie advantage to lee. Thi-i 
lart has been eredted fince the lofsof Newkeufe/I ; and made mucJi after 
tlx fame manner ; confifting of Six regular Bajtions revejlues. It is 
feared on the Well fide of the River IVaag, over agiinlf Fre^jLidt , noc 
far from the place where the Tartars palled over in rhclalt War. and 
deftroyeda great part of the Country, and carried away inmy Cap- 
tives from thofc Parts, and out o^ Moravia, This Fortification was be- 
gun in the year 1665-, and was well advanced , but not Funlhed whcri 
Iwastherc, 1669. Count Soaches the younger was then Governor 
thereof; from whom I received great Civihty in tliat place; and a 
Guard of Foot Soldiers,to convoy me through the Contribution Coun- 
try, x.o^'avds Scheninitz.iCremnitz, and the other Mine-Towns. 

Many Roman Emperors have honoured thefe Quarters with their Pre- 
fence, Birth, Death, or great Actions. For (toomit7>JM«, Caraca/Ia, 
GalienuSy Conjlantius^ and many more) the Emperors Aurelianus^Prohs^ 
GratianuSy Maximianus, had their Nativities at Sirmium ; and Claud iiis 
Cothicia died in it, or near it. Jov/anus, and rJentinianus wxtc Bom 
in Pannonia, hge^fuus^ Governor ot Fannoma, was <aluted En^pcror by 
the M(sJian\x^\ons. Vetranio likewife, in the fame Country. And at 
Sirmium wai held a General Council^ when Phot mm Bilhop of that 
place The 

■ s 

Ihe Cie nerd Defcriptio?i cjf Hungarr. 

i he /^...^^ Armies being much in rhis Country, no wonder it is 
that (0 m.ny Co>.s oi Copper, GoU, and Stiver a e to be tound in i 
W hereof I oLtauiedno imaJl number at /W.«.//. or Old c.".,?., 

Bu^a.or Su^^lna , at Old S^mnum m railed 6V/ri, 
nu, at M.ra, orfj/^c^, and many other Parts. An ^.^'1. Me 
chanr ,r .h.le Houl. Il.dgcd at i.W,.../., undertook to pr<;de me 
vvuhA....«Ccnns.iga.r.ll my return: which he m.ght welldo abdc 
thoie Rirts. as at ^:r..u>., S.nanJna, and other places. And not ta 
from th ncc Z.v//«w/'.a, Kingof Macerlon and Vr^ce ,s conceive /, 
have his abode, at a C.llle or Palace near D?.. •' Xe 1 a un 
^ral eld^C./. .JW.A- was tound, as. part.cuiady d h^ rX 
Monfieur /■.;>,... m h s Account of the Wars ot' /W;./ ^^ 

N Mr tne Town ot D.v i or Diva^, was found great Itor'e of T.eaf.r^ 
by the Pcafants ot the Country, under an Ancient Ca leo Palace f 
runed and decayed, li.e Ram conrmuing a Jong t,me and t e U , 
terrunn-.n^wuliatorcble current, thert was diSemJ an infin.t; 
compiny .AQcU.n Mcdah : upon one fide ot wlXwas Coined r' 
Image- ot LMimachu^, on the orher a Victory everTon. v e 1 
two „rthr.e Crowns The Scorm and rage o? .Va ^bein . a ° ^3 
tneS.n on thefe made a marvellous glittering- wh ner 
ceivcd by t.cPea ints . they remained raviihed « ith jo;. ^nd ta'.^n ' 
them up. they alio tound a Golden Serpera : which atrervUn ?'^n " 
racy.,/./, lent unto WW, with a^part cfSc An e"t ^1^^^^^ 
^,'iV,f:'^S an ancient Cuitomuith thole who buried their Tet^rl 

Lf T'Y'X ' ''' '*? '°'''" "■' "" ^'^^^^''"1 ^-^F^r. Alter tlie Vcl 
fants had taken, no man knew M-hat . others toi i trom thence more 
thanT.venty thoufand Avc.r.. -^nd the report was, - bar tlev m^.l r 
have an hundred Thoufand. For that had ( been rhe 

Calh.i: three hundred. WhicJi Com remained m th^ place from 
Lvimad'u^ s time. Among other notable Antiquities therr u 
tound two Ale.U of G.,V/. the one of i^/.f^ Kher o^ 

In tie Old Rcma^t Towns, through which [ naffed fh.. d,^ i 
upon n.tice given, would bring ufat Coins the^ad al^d 'bi 
them //ea.^lje..>nn>,eY. Im the Countries of S^rv/z ind « J 

fr.r,.„, ,nd 7:.ii.make Colktlions , and VnTtlemfo i' '?' 
trom whence the greatelf part is carried into /r./v Zfl no '^^^ 
one C.ppcr Com ot the Emperor ^uUus FmL whfch .'"''^ 
comrr^on in th.f. Pairs, and \ery rare in ot£s •' it h t \T1? 

nnr,Muaum was a Ron„„ Colony in Mrli, Superiour now sV. 
-S and conceived tube ..;,,V._, or .'.....1 u on die ^.^r 

C z 


I I 


I 2 

J he General Vefcription 0/ Hungary. 


at the entrance or the River Mofchhi or Morava ; by the Lyon and 
tiie Bit//, might be declared the ^i^W^d/i of the Soil, fit for Agricul- 
ture, and the ra/our and Courage of the People; and by thofe fierce 
Animals fitting fo quietly together, that, by the Prudence cf Pk't- 
lippii^, AirkultHre went on, and none found oppofition from the Lyon, 
or torce ofother*^- 

Ari}ioHaS€ptifm da'a ; The Seventh time of the diftribiition of Corfi 
under FLilippus. The Legio decima fexta frumentjria , >A'hich was 
quartered in that place, having the Charge of the conduttiptg thereof; 
as the Learned TrijUn has conjeftured. 













.V J- 


"v. :' 

This is the Habit of an Hungarian , which is found to be fo 
fit and convenient for all Ibrt of Excrcifc , efpeciallv on Horfc- 
back, and in War, that it is made ufe of alfo by the Croatians, 
Schiavonians , and other Nations , and by the Turks themfelves 
who live near the Frontiers ; although otherwifc they feldom 
change their own Habits. The fJimgarians delight moft in Co- 
lours, wearing Blew, Yeilow, Green^ and Purple Cloth ; and it is 




The General DefcriptiQ?! 0/ Hungary. 


rare to fee any one in Black; the Pnefis themfelves b-'mg liabited in 
long Purple Garm.nts. The ILunj^amr/fs ulually carry in their hands, 
a Club, or Iron Mace, ot wnich they have two forts, a Cat- 
jhan ^ and a Delta, or Balta as chey pronounce it. The Qatjlan 
iiaih a globular Iion head with furrows in it, and fp ices cut away 
to render it more Lghr, and tafie to be handled : this is cxprcfTed 
in the hgure of i\\\: Hmzaruv^ Habit: the D /rj hath 1 head Ibme- 
u!at like a Himnicr, but broader, and at the end maki^s the Ihupe 
ot chat Letter. 






Vienna in Aufiria 

T o 

Larifla in Theflalia. 

HAVING paffed the Winter in the Imperial City of 
riENN^^ I rook a Journey into f/ungary , to view 
the Copper , Siher , and Go/e/ Nfines in thoVe Parts. 
And not long after, although I had already had a fair 
fight ot /ralyj made a Journey unto VENICE, palling 
til! ough A'iJiru,Sryria, Cannthia, Carniola, and //■/»/?> 
and foon alter my return to /'/ew^, I met with an opportunity, vihich 
earned me unto the Ottoman Court, whtch then , and a long time be 
fore, rcfidcd at the famous Old City ot'LAR/SSA in r/r/j/v Yo-I 
are not toexped tiic Names of all Places, which I pafled ; y"et divers 
you will find mentioned, which are not to be found in Mapps • except 
you have lome more exadt, than any I have met w ith. ' 

Between rienna and FresUrq^, above the confluence of the River 
Mjrck with xXvi D:ivuhe , I could not but take notice of the Town o^' 
/V/rc«f//,and Hayrnhm-g Hill and Callle. Fe tram II is conceived to have 
been Old Cirmutum , a itrong Hold of the Panmmam , in vain at- 
t mpted by the Rotr.ans,2.VL Hundred and feventy years before the Incar- 
ratiun ; but was afterwards fubdued, in the time of ^«^;</?«/, made a 
Roman Colony ; and the Station of the Legio decima quart j. gemm^ 
and the Cbli:s IJincx- and in procefs of rime fo enlarged, that it be' 
came the chiet City of Panno^ta Super;or , and comprehended that 
trad on the South Bank of the Damhe, wherein now Hand Haymhur<i 
Dutch A'tenlurg, aad St. PetronelJ. '^' 

I had been lormerly at Petrcnell^ to inform my felf in the noble 
Ruincsand Antiquities thereof; where I met with variety ol M'-dah 
Inlcr/prhy,<, remainders of a noble Aquu.'rlu.i , and the R-mains of a 
goodiy Fabrick. which I thou^^iir rPiy,ht be the luine of a Te-nple 
oiJjKUf, but It IS conceived to have been a Triumphal Arch, tnd^d 
m Memory ot a Viito.y ovtr the rjn^„.'nij>M , and Dalmjti'f,, 
by lib r/:,s, in the Ni nh year o\' our Lord. My noble triend, Petrr/s 
Lamiccius, Imh kt lorth thetigu-eoi one fide thereof (in theWond 



The General Defcrip ion of Hurlgary. 

part ot his Defcnption of the Imperial Lihrary;) and of the back part 
I took a Draught my lelK This, and other Carmnti>,e Antiquities 
may be fecn in the fame Author ; and more may be expeded 
^vhen that Worthy Perfon ihall pleafe to Publi^ his Carnmitum r^"- 

In thib place, the Emperor Antoninus Philofophus , in order to his 
Wirs with the Marcowann/^ now Moruvuns, refided the (pace of Three 
years, and died at FinMona . now P^isnna : and here Severus was 
elcftcd Emperor by the German Legions. Bur this Noble and Ancient 
City was ruined, in atter-timcs, by AttiU the Hunne, in his Tncur- 
lions into theie Parts : Yet there are llill remaining many marks of 
Its Ancient Grcatnels. And though Grals now grows where Old 
^rymntum^ooA', yet by an oblervmg Eye, the Foundations of their 
Houies, and their Streets arc ftiU diicoverable : and fuch great quan- 
tities ot RomanQom^ have been of a long time , and are iiill found 
there, that the Boors are commonly well furnilhed with them ; of 
whom I purchafed a great number: and Mr. Done/Ian, an Ir/jh Gen- 
tleman, who tien travelled with mc, and w as walking in my Coi-?^^ 





The General Defcriptio7i c/ Hungary. 

pany, viewing thefe Old Remains of former Grcatnefs, by chance itrooli 
with his foot a Silver Coin ou: of the Earth. 

Preslurgy Pojoviuntf Pijcmnmy and by lome thought to be plesum, 
is a plcafant City featcd on the North fide of the Danube^ ten German 
miles Eaftward from Fien^a , the chit f City of Ilyingana. in the Jn'fe- 
ferial Dominions thereof ; fince the lofs of £«r/j, the place of Coovai- 
lion for the EJlates ; and fmce the lois ot Strigonium , the M^tropoli* 
tanCity. The C/Zy is plealiint • the Ctf/?/<? is llately , Leautiful, and 
well fituatcd on the top of a Hill, and built of White Stone; herein is 
kept the fo highly eftecmed Crown of Hungary^ commonly believed 
to have been brought by an Angel from Heaven, unto St. Stephen their 
King-, and is of a different figure from other Crovvn*^* The Garden 
of the yirci-j5//^e?/> is very fair ; xSxtW^lks ^ the Grottos^ the figure of 
Jeronimo^ the Lalirynthj Fijh'pcnds^ and Fountains are Noble. In the 
Dome^ or Cathedral Church , lieth the Body of St- 'Johannes Eleemofyna- 
rius^ Bilhop of Alexandria. The Jefuirshivcz part of the fame Church, 
and a noble Apothecaries Shop, lull of Rarities. The Lutherans have 
alfo a iair Church here. 

Raif ovjairinum, a City featcd at the confluence of the Rivers Ra^^ 

Ralnitz^ ^ndiht Danube : and a ftrong I rentier Bulwark againlt the 

Turk. It hath two 5/-/^/^^^, one over a double Ditch, Iead;ng towards 

tAuffria; and another towards Alha Regalis , qv S:ulIiveiJJenlurg. It 

hath fcvcn large £*j/?/<?»j, and four C^x-j/Z/^ri-, or high Mounts, which 

over-look them. The firll is the Caftlc Bajlivn, upon which flands 

theCaftle or Palace of the Governour. The fecond is the Water Ba- 

fiion, lying towards the Danube. The third is the Baftion of the ho/y 

//;//, under which when the Turks fprang a Mine , a Horfeman was 

blown ofFfrom the top of it into the Danube, without any hurt to him- 

feli'or his Horfe, The fourth is the middle Baltion, towards the Land 

Eartward. The fifth is the new Baflion. The fixth is the Imperial, or 

Emprefs Baftion, And the feventh is the Hungarian Baftion, lyirgnexc 

the River Sab^ where the Turkijh Governor was killed when the I'own 

was furprifed in the Night by the Chriflians. The Country is all plain 

about, and there is nothing which feems to command it, but a Imall 

Hill at fome diftance, which is undermined, and may be blow n up 

upon any occafion ; beyond which there is alfo a Tow er or Spy in the 

open Fields, to difcover the approach of the Enemy. It was Befiegcd 

by Sinan Bajfa, in the Reign oi^ Sultan Amurab the Third ; where he 

loll many Men, and atontafiault Twelve thouGnd ; but at lafl was 

Surrcndred , by the Treachery of Count Hardeck , the Governor ; 

which coft him his Head at Vienna ; where, upon a Scaffold covered 

with black Velvet, kneeling by the fide of a Table covered with a 

black Velvet Carpet, he laid his Hand upon the Table, and the Execu- 

tinners at the fame inftant ftruck off both bis Head and his Hand. In 

a few years after, it Was recovered , by a notable furprife, a£ted by 

Count Svoartzenlurg , and Count Fj^, with a great flaughter of the 

Turks. I faw 3 part of the Gate, which was then broken by a Petard^ 

the fame being ftill kept for a Memorial, in a part of the Cathedral 

Church. While this place was in the Turks Pofleffion , they made a 

Dungeon forChriftianPrifoners, wherein there is no light, but what 

enters by a Grate upon the ground in the Market-place. But this is 

now feldom empty of 7Wr^j,begging the Charity ot Pal]crs-by,acd felling 

neat Whips which they make in this their fad reftraint. He 

A Journey from Vienna to Lariffa. 

He that wouid take a view of warlike Engines and InftrumentTTT 
." wt?! """ ^"^r ''^'^^"^'^"" ^"y ^'hcre: than at ^iand S,. 

the W l' '"'-'; '''^^ ""-T^ ""^ °"^' ^^"'-^^ ^ ™°^"i"g Star, ufed by 
the .Sentinels, and at an alfauk, defence of a breach or entrance inm. 

Town ; of earthen i ot,s to throw amon^ft the EnemierfilJecI w^h and material.. There he mav alfo lee a Lehn Brad r 
or,.!cnk fct liooks , to be placed on the out-fide of the wol' 
covered Lghtly earth ; whereby thofe, who ftorm a e wounded 
a^dn angled. A werf Kugel, or inftrument filled with wild fire and 

Lurnch. A Sj>a,nyjc/je Ritter or Ckevul dc Fnfe, to be laid in the 
jvay, to keep out the Horfc ; divers forts of Chain-fhot and the 

General Montecuadi was the Governour of Raah, whofe Pafs I ha.l 
the advantage of ,n tl^ former year, to travel by thefe parts unto the 
. IVane^l owns The Emperour being wearied with Chiaufes and ord^^ 
nary Envoys, which fo often came to ^.«;;;.z from the Vifierof/jS 
and expedted prefcnts at their return ; hath taken order, that, wittout 
efpccal Licence, they ihall come no further than Raub\ but the e re 
ceivc th.-ir difpaiches. ^^' 

I'^owora Gomora, Crumenum or Comaromum, a large and f^ron^r Tnu;r. 
at the Eall-end of the Ifland of .V/.., looking o^er the SiT^and 
f ..^ftrongly fortified, and well mann'd. Colonel A^#W.' wal 
then Governour: the Ibongeft place is the torto.fe Fort ; fo cal ed from 
fome refemb lance It hath to a /-...../.. This To4n. aft'er the linc^Tf 
/?..^ was befieged by S^nan Bajfa^ with fixty Ships, and a great num. 
ber of Turh and Tartars ; but in vain, and to the great flaughter of the Although the Baffa omitted nothing towards the gamine it 
but employed treachery as well as force, and under colour of a Parley 
font five nrh to the Governour,Baron Bro^v.,^^ho had then received a 
great wound upon his right Knee, to try if he could by any means be 
wrcxight upon to deliver up the City. And the Governour gave them 
the hearing, till they had declared their whole treachery ; but then ore 
lently commanded four of their Heads to be ftruck off, and to be fet 
upon long Pikes upon one of the Bulwarks, for the B.fa to look upon • 
and font the t ifth back to the Baf. to tell him that although he found 
one in H.l to ferve his turn he was much deceived, if in him he thought 
to find Count Hardeck, and to allure him that he would never betrav 
a City committed to his charge, but rather wifhed to dye the Emoe- 
rors true anu faitliful Servant irabrewed in the Blood of the Turks 

In the inward Caftle I obforved three old Tombs, which had been 
formerly brought thither from Sene or 5.«.., a place of Antiquity, no" 
tarr off. Some in the Caftle obforving me to write out their InforiD- 
tions, were very inquifitive, and obliged me to leave a copy of them in 
the CalUe ; and if, upon after-confideration, I Ihould find them to be 
oKmportMce, required a promifo of me, to fond them an accouni 
thereof : The Infonptions were thefe. 



I !- 




A Journey from Vienna to Lariila. 

On one of them 



And on the Cover 
D. M. 

! f 

»■ >. 



The Infcription upon another was this, 


D. M. 



And on the top or Cover, this following, 

The third Tomb was of the fame Figure, but without any Infcrip- 
tion. I could not omit to fa down thefc, becaufe they arc not to be 
met with in that great Volume of Infcriptions of Gruter. 

Gontora hath been of late more ftrongiy fortified, and a greater com- 
pafs of ground is taken in, by a line drawn from the Waa^ to the Du- 
nkle, and fortified with four new Ba£lion«. 

Of fome other places, near unto thcfe already named, and whereof 
I took notice the year before, I lliall make but ihort mention ; as parti- 
cularly oi Newheivfe//, by the Hungarians called rywar, feated by the 
River Neutra, not tar from iV/ma, a ftrong place, and Biihops See, taken 
by Count dc Souches in the laft wars. Newhau/l is a ftrong Hold, re- 
gularly fortified with fix large Baflions, which makes it lie m the form 
ofaSur, it was furrendred after fix llorms unto the grand /^///^r ; 
who prelently befieged it, after that Count For chat z, the Govcrnour, 
had ralhly loft a great part of his men at the Battel of Barcban ; w here 
tlu bones ofthe Slain he yet in the Field. The Turkijh Bafju lives in 
die Palace, which belonged to the Arch-bifhop of PreJu'g, and has 
converted the Church into a Mofchea. The Bajju growing too fami- 
liar with the neighbour Governour of Komara^ was jealoufly looked on 
by the Grand Seignicr^ who fent one to take of his head, and put ano- 
ther into this Government. This place commands contribution from 
a good part of the Country between the River Waag and the Nentra^ 
and bctu een the Neutra and the River Gran : and in places, u here \\c 
lodged in thofc parts, the Mafter of the houfe told us, he was obliged to 
give notice unto th^Turks^ who, and how many were in his houle ; 
-vhcreofwe were not unwilling, relolvii)g to be gone, before the ac- 
count thereof could come unto them. If the Fifar had not fpent time 



y ■* 

The Qcnieral Defcription of Hungary. 


ahcut the ficgc of Neivhew/e//, but marched into Anjlrh^ when tl]c 
Eniperour was yet unprovided, the Auxiliary forces farr ofi^ and yiemia 
and all the Country about in great fear, lie might have probably iclc 
laJ tllcdts in tliofc parts ; but attempting Ibmc time afi:cr, to break into 
Aujiriah\ ^•\\x\x.Godard^ u hen the Imperial torccs were in rcadincfs- 
and the great bodies ot Auxiliaries of German^ and French came up, he 
was rcpuKed with ;i,rcat lols of his bcfl Soldiers-, and readily clapt up- 3 
peace, which kept thclc parts in quiet for many years. 

Scne^ Svhe or Scnia^ a Village near tlic Danube, and rcmarkalle place 
for variety of Antiquities where, by the help of the Byro cr Jud^edi 
the Town, 1 met w ah divers Coins, and fome o! GoId,^fome IntagUas^ 
and as they called it, a Heathen or R man Key. Whereof I prcicnted 
Icme unto Petnis^ \a ho ihc\^ed them unto the £;Tipcn;r. 
This place, being in the contribution Counrr\' totlic /^r>(\i. harhbecn 
Iktle enquired into; and thcreiorc the Antiquities thereof were the 
more welcome Amongfl all the Inicnption-. of Gruter^ I find but one 
or two oF^Vr/^. The Pc(?ple lay, tins place v\ as formerly called Apo/Io- 
n/a, but without any good ground, 

Pafiing frc^.m Juial to Dot/s^ bt. Martin^^herg offers it fclf to vicw^ ^ in 
handlome Town, and (Irong Hold, upon the top of a high Hill, over- 
k)ckingall rlie Country. This is Ibll in thcChrillians liands, though it 
harh lormerly been taken by the Turks^ once in Amurath the tlurd's 

L'Otis^ tata^ or thcodata^ about tvv elvc E}igl:lh miles from Gcmora^ 
uhere there is a Cafl'e with a Ditch about it, and alfo fome Natural 
Baihs near it. It hath been often taken and retaken : Graff Zack/^ a 
Nolle Hungarian^ Was then Governor, whofe fingular Civilities I 
muft always acknowledge ; and indeed in thefe partSjIwas at bell con- 
tent in tiiC company ofSouldiers, tor they commanded all, r.nd were 
generous and I'ree hearted Perfons, and could commonly ipeak eitlier 
Latme^ High-Dutc'-K or Italian ; my company was the more accepta- 
ble to them, becaufe I had leen many ^d^nsoi Europe before, which they 
would much enquire alter. 

But to return into the road z^im ; we parted from Comora^h^'mg 
tewed by a i'^/c/' of twenty four oars. T\\q Hungarians rowing up- 
rn one fide, and the Germans on the other, they falutcd the Fortrefs 
with two fmall Guns, v\ hlch they carried at the head of the Saick^ and 
ib we palled by Scne^ Nefrml^ Kodwan^ and came to Notch, the exadl 
place of the Frontiers. Here we expedcd a Titrkijh Convoy ; which 
coming betimes in the morning, we made ready for them ; their Of??- 
ccrs^veHt firll on ihoar, then our J'e\da or l-'eyucd with the Interpre- 
ter, and chicfeU of the company, both parties walking ilowly, and at 
meeting L^ave hands to one another, then we delivered our Boat unto 
the 7«/-^K which they iallned to their Saick _. and lent one i to our Boat 
to lleer it: and turning about, falutcd the Chriflians with one Gun, 
and then with eighteen Oais rc^u ed dov\ n the lunuLe^WG carr\in<^ 
the Eagle in cur^ they tl.e Dvulle Sivord^ Star ^ and Halj- 

Tlie Jitrkijh Saick convoyed us to Strigwium or Cran^. and fet our 
Boat on ihoar m the Tow n, and lb left us ; the Governor alfo took hl'* 
notice ot us, cither in hopes of a prelent, or lb ne private intereft ; hx 
an Aga^ who came with tour troops of Horlc Irom NeivhewfeL^ being 

D % comt? 


■ r 







Ttye General Defcripticn of Hungary . 

come into the Caftle, asked the Governor ( as we were informed by a 
Ti^rk^ that came unto us) what he meaned to have ib Jittlc careof his 
head, to deal with us after this manner ? who were not fent to him, 
or to a Bajf:j, or a f^rjrer^ but to the Sultan, and no doubt had a Pre- 
fent for him : whereupon we were Ibondifpatched. 

This City of Grj;/, Strigonrnm or OJtrogon, is feated on the South- 
fide of the Danuie near the Confluence with the River Gran, divided 
intJ the upper and lower, and both walled ; the lower Wall doth well 
command the Damhe, St. Thomas /y///,hard by the Town,is alio walled, 
bccaufe it commandeth the Town : There are in this place Natural 
Baths of a moderate heat. This hath been the Metropolitan City oi' 
Hungary, where St. Stephen, the firft Chriftian King of Hungary^ 
was born ; and King Stephen the third buried. 

Scarce any place has fuffered more ftrong and notable Sieges ; be- 
fiegcd in vain by Jnhn, King of Hungary, taken by Solyman, recover- 
ed by Count Mansfelt for Matthias,\.\\t ktQ\\\yy^^^ ; beficged again in 
vain, tut taken in the time of Sultan Ackmet, by the mutinous bafe- 
nels of the Chriftian Defendants, who (hutting up Count Damn'ter, the 
Governor, delivered the place unto Aly-Beg the Turkijh General ,• but 
after many years it was taken again by the Chriftians under the Duke 
of Lorraine, in the year i68'{ Over againft: Strigonium lieth Barchan ; 
between thefc two places there is a Bridge of Boats. 

From Strigonium we pailed to Ficegrade or Vi'zzegrade : The upper 
Caftle of this place is feated upon a very high Rock, where the Crown 
of Hungary hath been formerly kept : the lower Caftle hath been fair ; 
there is alfo a handfome Fabrick of Iquare Stones, and Arches, the ruines 
whereof do ftill remain : this place was retaken from the Turks by the 
Forces of the Arch-Duke Matthias, in the time ol Mahomet the Third, 
but betrayed, and delivered up by the Treachery of the Heyducks in 
the Reign o{ Sultan Achmet. CharlesY^m^ oi Naples, and fworn King 
of Hungary^ was wounded on the head by Forchatz i and being carried 
into the Caft:le, under pretence of laying a Plafter on his head, was 
llrangled. This place yielded to the Duke oi Lorraine, 1684. 

Over againft Vtzzegrade lieth Maroz^\f^\itx^ there is a large Church ; 
and the place having voluntarily fubmitted unto the Turks, the Chri- 
ftians paying a fmall Tribute, lived under no great oppreflion. Be- 
low this Town, the Danube divides, and makes a fair large Ifland, 
called St. .^.v'-rifu.^ilflandj ftill rowing down, by which we pailed by 
I'irovicbitz, a noted place for pleafant Vineyards and good Grapes, and 
an old ruine of Stone,upon the ftioar of St. Andrews Ifle,where the Turks 
told us, there was formerly a Stone Bridge, we came to Facia, infor- 
mer timesa Bifiiop Sce,which hath now two MoJches,znd one Chriftian 
Church without the Wall. This place was feized upon, facked and 
burnt by the Turks, i5'4i. but taken by the Emperors Forces, under 
the Command of the Duke of Lorraine, in the Year 1684. after he 
had overthrown the Turks in Battel near the Town, but was quitted 
again at the latter end of the Autumn, there being a ridge of Hills near 
it which over-look the Town, and render it not eafie to be defendeu. 
Here wc changed our Convoy again, and pailed unto Buda, the 
Capital City, and Royal Seat of the Kings of Hungaria, and the refi- 
dence of a Turkijh Fzfier, who hath divers Bajfas under him. It is a 
large City, and of a pleafant Situation; divided into the upper and 




The General Defcription of Hungarr. 

lower Town, wherein are fome ruines, and reliques of Masnificent 
Structures, raisdhy the f/mganan Kings, cfpcatilly M^tt/j^^r Corv,. 
mts, wliofe Palace tlie nfier port'efTed. But much abatinf^ of its anci- 
ent glory. There are alfi) Tome fair Mofchei, Caravanfaru's, and verv 
Magnificent Baths: There is alfo a high Hill called St. Gcrarcl\Uonm 
which hath a Fort on the top, and over-looks the Town and Coun^ 

The natural Baths of BuJa are efleemed tlie nobleft of Europe not 
only in refj^ed ot the large and hot Springs, but the Magnificence ot 
their Buildings, For the Turks bathe very much, and though little cu- 
nous in moll: ot their private houfes, yet are they very fumptuous in 
their put lick Buildings, as their Chars or Curavanfara\, Mofcies 
Bridges, and 5j//;5- declare, j ■ ■> 

There ire eight Baths, whereof \ had opportunity to take notice 
during my flay at BuJa, three toward the £./// and Soutk-Eajt part of 
the City in t!ie way leading xo^^^xx^sConjtantitwpU and five towards 
the We^l end oi the Town, m the way towards old Ojfcn, and Stri- 

The firft is a large opr n Bath at the foot of a high rocky Hill, cal- 
led Purgatory, whereofthe People have fome odd and fcrupulous In- 
prehenlions. ^ ' '■ 

The iecond is covered with a Cupula, and ftands nigh the fame Hill 
but more into the Town, and near a place where thev ufe Tannine ' 

The third is called the Bath of the green Pillars, 'thougli at pFefent 
they be of a red colour, it ftands over againft a Caravanjara The 
Water is hot but tolerable without the Addition of cold water it is 
impregnated with a petrefiing Juyce, which discovers it fell on theVides 
ot the Bath, upon the Spouts, and other places, and makes a grey 
Stone : The Exhalation from the Bath reverberated by the Cupola by 
the Irons extended from one Column to another, and bv the Capital 
of tbe Pi.lars forms long Stones like Iftdes, which hang to all thefe 

The Water is let out at night, when the Women have done bathinc 
who often ftay late. The Bath is round, fet about with large Pillars 
lupporting a Cupola, which hath openings to let out the Steam, and 
yet the whole Room continues to be a hot Stove. 

The^j/^/;j- of the Well end of the Town are ' firfl, TaEleUi, or the 
Bath ot the Table, a fmall Bath covered : the Water white, and of a 
Sulphureous fmell ; they drink of this as well as bathe in it; what they 
drink thev receive from a Spout, bringing tl-e Water into this place. 
1 delivered a five-Sols piece to a lurk, uho was Lathing in it to ^M for 
me, wfiich he did in half a Minute, by rubbing it between his hneers 
while the hot Water tell from the Spout upon it. ' 

The fccond is Bar at Degrmene, or the Bath of the Powder- Mill, it 
nfes m an open Pond near the High-way, and mixes with the frclli 
Springs, which makes the Pond ot a whitith colour in one part and 
clear in the other ,• as alfo cold and hot in feveral parts. This conve\-- 
cd crols the H:gh-way into a Powder Mill, becomes ufetul m makins 
of Gun- powder. ^ 

The third IS Cuzzacukge, the little Bath, or the Bath of the Saint, 
tor wnich name the Turks give a luperftitious reafon : It is kept by 
lurkilh Monks. Tiie Path where the Springs -xnk. h (b hot as fcarce 


/ -' 

o t 



The General Defcripticn o/Hungai'} . 

tobc cndired ; but being let out into another bathing place at lome 
cV.llance. it becomes tolerable and fit for ufe. This Water hath neither 
colour, fmcll,nor tafte difTerent from common Water, and depoleth no 
fvdtment. only the fides of the Bath are green, and have a fungous lub- 

{lance all over. 

The fourth is Cjplu.d. ver}' noble Bath, but part of the Buildings was 
conlumedlhis year, 1669. by a great Fire that happened in But/j, but 
is fince repaired by the Turks. The Water is very hot, not without a 
petrcning Ju)ce in it. The Building about is eight fquare, with a 
noble Bith in the middle, with 1 Circle of a Trench of Water about 
it for the better Ornament, to bathe the feet in ; on every Tide it 
hath a iV/c/'e,whercln is a Fountain ; in the middle of the Anti-Chamber, 
where t'ley l^ave their Cloths, there i:> al.o a fair Stone Bafon and a 

I ountain. 

The fifth is the Bath of Vd'ihey, which hath a ftrong fulphurcous 
fme!l ; and a pctreh ing Juyce in it,ancl is fo hot,that to make it tolerable 
it requires the addition of cold VX'ater ; this is the nobleft of all. The 
Ant.-Chunbcr is ve y large,the Bith-Room rapacious, and high- Arch- 
ed, ad.irned with five Cupola^-^ one a very tair one over the great 
round Bath in the middle ; and one lelTer over each of the four corners, 
where are cither Baths, or Bath-ftoves for private ufe : in thele the 
Tur'^s take oil the hair of their Bodies by a FJiiothrum mixt with Soap : 
it bein^^ not thca- Cuflom to have any hair, except their Beards. 
Twelve Fdlars fupport the great Cupola^ between eight whereof are 
Fountains of hot Water, and between the others are places to fit down, 
where the Barber> and Bath-men attend ; and each ofthcfe places has 
two Cifteins of Frce-sforte, into which are let in hot Bath- water, and al- 
io o)ld Water, ta be mixed and tempered as every one pleafeth. 

Men bathe in the Morning, and Women in the Afternoon. Wi;en 
any man intends to bat -e, having entred the firfl Rooms, he finds 
rtliere d.vers Servants attending, who furnifli him with a Cloth and 
Apron. Then he puts off his Cloths and having put on the Apron, 
he enters tue fecond Room, wherein is the great Bath, and fits on the 
fide of theBa'h, orb.tween the Pillars near a Fountain, where the 
Birber ftrongly rubs him with his hand opened, flrctching out his 
Armes, and hfting themup ; after which the Pa:ty bathes. Then if 
he le a Subje(5tof the grand Se}g>7iorSy or it be the Cuflom of his 
Country, he hath his head ihaved, and if a young man,his beard, ex- 
cept the upper Lip ; next the Barber rubs his Brcail,Biicl<> Armes, and 
Lec^s, with an hair Cloth, white he either fitteth, or lieth with his face 
downward, then waihcs his head with Soapj and after throw^scold Wa- 
ter upon him, all over his Body, and then he walks in the {team of 
the Bath for a time. 

ThQ Germans call this City Offen^ and fome will have it founded 
by Bud J, the Brother of Attila^ the Famous King of the ILmncs. 
And to ipeak the truth among all the numerous C ountries, ^nd Places 
Conquered by that Warlike Nation, they could not choofe out indeed 
a nobler Scat to build a City in, where, bcfides the advantage of their 
natural Baths and Stoves, this being placed upon the Banks of the 
grcateft River in Europe^ where it runs in one entire Stream, and tlie 
City rifing up by degrees to the top of Hills, iffording from moil: Streets 
of the Toun, a Prolped of twenty Miks or more, on the other fide of 



A Jourmy from Vienna to Lariilu 

the D muhe^ as far as ones eye can reach, with the view of Pesty and 
the long Bridge of Boats, an i the beautiful truittul Country about it, 
renders it moll cxquifirely plcafant and delightful, and was the Royal 
Scat of the //v>;e;^rA;;/ Kings and Queens, till that Solyman the Mag- 
nificent, entered it with his Sons Selimus znd Bjiazet^ on the Thir- 
teenth oi Au;^nif^ in the Year One Thoufand Five Hundred Forty One, 
and made a Decree that Bur/j (hould be tr*om tliat day kept by a Gar- 
rilon of 7'iirki, and the Kti"!gdom converted into a Province ol the /«;•- 
/://■; Empire and the Qiicen and her young Son, be fent into the Coun- 
try of L/ppj, be ond the River Tjbijcns^ at a little difiance trom Eur/.t 
or Ojf^en : dicre is another Place called old Ojfen'^ conceived to be Si- 
Cambria of old, where the Skumbnan Sculdicrs quartered, in the 
time of the Kimjns: and fome Antiquities and Infcriptions have been 
taken notice oi in tliat place. 

Over agunit BuJ.i^ upon the EuHern-Oooar of Danuhnis ^ Hands 
the City iV//, beirg Qimdrangular and feated upon a Plain : and by 
renfon of it Wall, and the Touers of the Mojches^ makes a handfom 
fliovv' from Bitdu, It gives the name unto the County or Comi- 
taius Vejihienfis : Hunzana being divided into Counties, like£;7gAzW; 
between this place and Budu^ the handfom Bridge of Boats, ib above 
half a Mile long. 

The habit of the T'urkilh Women feemed new and (Irange to me : 
Breeches alnofl to their feet, a kind of SiT.ock over them, and then 
a long Gown with their Head-drels, which letches about, covering 
their face, except their eyes and makes them look like Penitents : 
but it was not unpleafiint untn me, as taking away the occafion of 
Fride and Folly : though otherwileit can have no good grace m a liran- 

ger s 


During our Stay at BuJa^ we went into a Tl/rXv/^ Convent, where 
tlie Prior orSuj-rcrior called Julpapa^ or Father of the Roje^ with lome 
of his Brethren brought us into a large Room like a Chappel, and en- 
tertained us with Melons and Iruit: at parting, we gratified them 
With fome pieces of Silver, which were kindly accepted. The ^ulpap.i 
had his Girdle or Ceinture cmbolled before with a whitiih Stone, big- 
ger than the palm ol^ my hand, which was GalucUtes or Milk-Jioyte ; 
u hereof they have a great opinion, becauie in their belief, Mahomet 
turned a whole River in Arabia into this kind of Stone. 

We lodged at an old Rafcians houfc, where we were well accom- 
modated ; having from it a fair Profpect over tlie Damtbe^ the long 
Bridge and /V//, and a good part oi the Country. Divers Turks and 
iomz Chuufes refortcd unto us, where they were treated to their con- 
tent. The Matter of the Houfe was thought to hold fecret corre- 
fpondence with a Franc'fc n Friar of ¥cjt^ and to give intelligence of 
Occurrences unto the Miniftersof Stateat(j(7wtfr;/,^^i^,and Fienna\ he 
prevailed with me to pen a Letter in Zwr/» and Z^///*?;/; wherein I 
was not unwilling to gratifie him, bccaule it contained nothing, be- 
Ikies an accouiit of lome Prifoners, and the encroachment of the Ar- 
mcniun Merchants upon the Trade. 

As we were riding in the City, divers of tlie common Tnrks murmu- 
red, that we ihould ride, wlicre they went on foot. But I was pleafcd 
to lee many lurks to lalutc Sciginor Gabntl, the Emperors Courrier, in 
our Company, and to take hi!i liand, and put it to their foreheads. 






A Journey from Vienna to Larilfa. 

but Has much more delighted with the courteous entertainment oi Mor. 
tizan Ephendi,% perfon of note, and who had been an Envoy extraordi- 
nary at FieyinaHt received us in an handfom large Room,and treated us 
with great kmdnefs ; faying, that he defired our company, not to any 
Feaft, but to a Treat ot Affed:ion and Rcfped: ; fuch as might declare 
that we had converfed like friends, and eat and drunk togetlier • he 
called tor a ftool, that I might fit down, it being then uncafie to' mi- 
to fit crofs-legged , and asked me, whether I would learn the Turkilh 
Language, or whether I would go to the Port , and how I liked Bu^j 
and among other queftions, asked, what was the i\ing of Poknll 
name .^ and when I told him, Michael Wifnowitski ; his reply was 
rmewhat ftrange unto me ; faying, Michael, that's a good name 
that s the name ot the greatefl Saint in Heaven, except Mary ; and fo 
having entertained us,he difmifTed us with good withes. At our return 
to this place, after two days (lay, the Governor fent us with four and 
twenty Horfe Soaldiersinto Chrit^endom again, thefe guarded us with 
great care, a day and a night, till they faw us fafe at DoUs: 

But now leaving Buila, we travciled by Land Eailward • and 
palling by the mines of the King of Hmgan\ Mint-houib, hy Hum 
Zabbi Palanka, and by Erzin, we came to Adom, in Turkilh, Tzam 
hurtera>t, ox amma UleraU, fo named h^ Slyman the Magnificent- 
bccaufe, in his hafty retreat from Vienna, he firft made a quiet flop 
at this place, and there could think himfelf fecure from any purfuit of 
the Imperial Forces. This place was afterwards taken by GrafPalfi 
from thence we came to Ftntole or Pentolen Palanka. This or Adorn 
IS concei; ed to be the old Potent iana,^h&xt the Hunnes, invading thofe 
parts, tought a bloody Battel with the Romans, under the conduct of 
Mac rims and Te trie us, but were overthrown. 

From hence to Fodwar, in fight of Colocza, feated on the other 
fideot the Da,;ube, mxh&rQzi^to Temefwar, formerly an Arch-Bithops 
See ; whereof Tomoreus was Bifliop, whofe raflinels conferred much 
unto the lots of Hungary, at the Battel of Mohitz. Then by Pax or 
Pax I unto Tolna, formerly Altinum or Altinium, where the Hunnes 
being recruited, fought a fecond Battel , obtained the Vidrory and 
expulled the Romans, though not without the lofs of forty thoufand 
°* t^="'P?^'" n^en This hath been a very great place, but burnt by 
tne i^hriltians. The Hungarians and Rajcians, who inhabit here li- 
ving in no good agreement. ' 

Thence to Jem Palanka,where we pafTed the River Sarvizza former- 
ly Z^rpams a handfom River, arifing near Fe/prmium, and'paffins 
Alia Regalis, or Stdlweifeniurg, the ancient place of Sepulture of the 
Hungarian Kir)gs, w hich makes a triangle with Euda arid Strizomum 
and running into the Danuie below. From thence by Setzwar to Bo' 
tojeck, where we travelled by night, and had a Horfe-guard oiSpahies 
til we came to Setz, a large Town ; where I obferved the ruincs oi an 
old ealtle, and a round Palefado upon the Hill 

Here is alio a new Chan or Caravanfara ; then to Mohatz. Before 
we came to this place, we pafTed bya fmall Bridge over the Brook C«. 
rajfe ; which, upon great rains, over-flows the Neighbour parts • 
near which Ludovicus the unfortunate King of Hungary periihed be- 
ing ftiflcd in a muddy place, where his Horfe plunged, after the Battel 
tought with the Forces of Solyman, on the other fide of the Town. 




A Journey from Vienna to Larilfa, 

\^ e went to fee the place, where fo noble a Pnnce lofi his life, and an 
inconfiderate Battel lofi the Crown of Humary. This Battel wa? 
tought the Z9th dav of cthher^ in the Yea? i jz^. C..../c«r, who 
u-as near the Kmgs Perfon when he was drowned! related the m.nrer 
ot It to t ie f{u;i^anam, and flicwcd them the place where he icil in 
trom whence tiie King s Body was afterwards taken up entire and 
carried to Alha Fegahs, u here u'ith great Solemnity it was I'uried 
?d?)rf ^'^ruichres of the other Kings of Hungary, his Prcdc- 

Hcrca r uts we met with a Caravan of two or three hundred Per- 
fons, toire going to a place of Devotion , and having 7^»/^.7,vn- with 
tnem, to guard them: others intending, by pcrmifiion, to feat tb.em- 
telves in other parts of Hmgary. And in divers places I met with 
numerous drovev of Oxen, drix en towards Vienm, upc^n tlie account 
ot the taltern Company of that City, who turnitli that place and 
y)untry af,out,and are permitted to pals free bv the Grand Sei'rniorSS:]^^ 
day wc left (2/^///ya^ Ecdejuc, ?,r\d Zigeth on'rhe right hu-.l\, this lall 
rs a Itrong place feated by the fide of a Fcnn, in which tliere is an 
Iljand^ ^n<X beyond that a Caftle. Count Sercm deienckd this Place 
ngainit the Turks, with unparalleled Bravery, and v.'hcn f.e had loft 
the Town, retired into the Itland, and lall of all into thcCanie and 
when there were but four and twenty of them left alive, thcv all Sallied 
out together.choofing rather to die every man,than to gi\'e Sohman the 
Magnihccnt, who bcfieged them, any pretence to the Toun, bv their 
Surrender; and Solyman himfelf died likewife in the Camp and hath 
a Sword hanging by his Tomb in Conjhntinople, as a peculiar honour 
to him, ,n regard that he did rot only fpend a great part of his life 
but alio died in War. * 

From hence by B.irimwar Darda or Draz.i unto E[Tc'ck or Olfeck 
conceived to be old Mnrja, or not far from it. It is feated lou', and 
the Streets are planked with Trees. Upon one fide of the Gate 
rs part of a Rnn,a>, Infcription. M. /E L I A N, &c. on the other Me a 
Maids head in a Stone ; there is alfo a Dyal, which is not ordinary 
brought trom Scnnwar; and the greateft piece of Ordnance, which 
Haw m all thofe parts, not lying upon a Carriage, but upon Bodies of 
Trees. But that which is moft remarkable here, is the well contrived 
Bridge of Wood, made partly over the River Dravus, and partly over 
the Pennsadjoyning, being five Miles long : being raylcd, and having 
Towers at every quarter of a Mile : that part over the River DrazuT 
was burnt down by Count Nicolas Senni, in the laft Wars, and ano- 
ther built fince. He that beholds this Bridge, the Touers of Wood 
upon it, the llrong rayles and floar, and the numerous tupporrers of ir 
cannot but wonder, how they iliould be fupplied with Wood to build 
It, or maintain it. But hereof Ifpeak ellewhere, this is the c^reateft 
Pairage in //«;;.5j/7, trom Servia, and the Turkijh Dominionsr Had 
this been uell defended, when Sniyman invaded Hun^r^aty, he had not 
probably obtained fo eafie a March unto B.uh. And to hinder the 
Supply of the Grand Fillers Armv from other parts of Turky, Count 
;*> rtmhnrne down that part, which was built over the Dr.tviti ; and 
in his return burnt r^«/,7yve Ecctelice ox the Citv of fiveChurch^v 
^hjcii hedi Wefi:ward from Eifeck. 







A Journey from Vienna to LarilTa. 

y ^ 

From thence we came to Valcovar^ where there is a hijndlbm wood- 
en Bride over the River Wdpo or Val^antt\, plentiful of hill ; and upon 
which, tothe Weftward, ftands the Town of Walpo^ taken by the 
Twri-v in the Year 1545'. by the Treachery of the Dependants, after 
that it held out three M. nths under the Command of Perenms\ Lady 
and Friends, and the Garrifon was notwithftanding put to the Sword. 
^\\<:x\\vj Sotz'tn Palanka^ and Towarnick ox Juhormck, to Metromtza % 
large Town, and a great place for a Fair, ftrengthned by the adjacent 
Lake. So to Simonovttz^ leaving at a good dillance on the right hand 
the famous old 5/rw/«w, now an inconfiderable place, whereof I have 
alfo faid fomewhat ehewhere. They call this Country Scbremma ; and 
that, uiore near the Dravus^ Bojfega. 

In this Country many Famihes, and the Inhabitants of divers little 
Towns, live all under ground. I had formerly read oi Troglodytes and 
fubterraneous Nations, about ^gypt ; but I was much furprized to fee 
the iikc in this place, and could not but fay unto my fcif : 

Now I lelieve the Troglodytes of 0IJ, 
U hereof Herodotus and Strabo told; 

S/nce every ivhre, aiout thefe parts^ in holeSy 
Canicular me.t I find ^ and humane Moles. 

Near thefe Habitations are Wells, to fupply them with Water ; which 
they draw up, like Dyers and Brewers: and Dogs come out upon 
Strangers. As we travelled by them, the poor Chriflians would be- 
take themfelves to their holes, like Conies. So that to fatisfie our curi- 
ofities, we were fain to aUght, and enter their houfes, which we found 
better than we cxpeded, divided into partitions, with Wooden Chim- 
neys, and a Window at the farther end , a little above the ground : 
and all things as neatly difpofed, as in other poor houfes above ground j 
although but meanly, after the fafhion of thole parts. Their Speech 
is a Dialed: of the Schlavonian, Then travelling on between the Danu" 
hius and the 6'*2X'«j,we came to Zemlin upon the Damle ; from whence 
we had a fair Profped of Belgrade, into the Caflle of Zemlin^ Ste- 
phen, the ufurping King, retired, and died. From hence we paffed by 
Water unto Belgrade. Belgrade^ aurunum.Alba Gnecafireek-Wetfienburg- 
or Nandor Alha, as the Hungarians Call it, it is a large, ftrong, popu- 
lous, and great Trading City, m Servia, or Misfta Superior, feated at 
the Confluence of the River Savus, and Danuhius : having the fir It 
on the Well, the other on the North. The Danuiius is here very 
broad, runs furioufly, and ktms to cut off the Savus^ as the Rhojne 
doth the Soane, by Lyon in France. 

The Water of the Danube feems more white and yellow, troubled 
and more confufed. 

Turlidus & volvens Jiaventeis Ifler arenas. 

Thitofthei'<;7'z;iry, darker, greenifli and clear; at the entrance of the 
Savks, there is an Ifland, on which there is now much ^' ood, although 
it be not older than five and thirty years ; about wluch time, iince the 
filt of both flreams fo fettled, as to appear fkll; above Wate^:. 




.' * 


A Jour7wy from Vienna to Lanila. 

-' ' 


Arriving at Bd^rade^ \ pafTed by the Water Caflle, and afterwards 
by the upper Callle, both large, and having many Towers; The 
Streets, where the grcatefl Trade is driven , are covered over with 
Wood, as in divers other Trading Places ; fo that they are not offended 
with the J>un, or Rain. They confift commonly of Shops, whicli 
arebutfmail; and no other, tiian a Taylors Shop-board, placed low; 
upon which, after the fame manner, the Shop-keeper fits, and fclletli 
his wares to his Chapman without, tew or none entring in. I faw alfo 
two large places built of ftonc, like unto the Exchange, with two 
rows of^ Pillars over one another ; but they were fo tuU of Merchants 
Goods, that they loft much of their beauty. There are alio two large 
Btfzejte72s, erf laces, where the richeft Commodities are fold. They 
arc built in the form of a Cathedral Church, and w^ithin are like to 
the old Excliarge, above ftairs. The Grand l^ifter hath built a noble 
Carava>tjara in this Citv, with a Fountain in the Court, and near unto 
it a Mofchea, with a Fountain before it : which was thtfivHt Mojchea^ 
which I had the opportunity to lee within-fide. He hath alfo built a 
Metrejeck or College for Students, I faw a Stu'ent habited in green, 
and wearing a Turbant with four Corners , difierent from others, 
which is a peculiar diftindion. /Mthough near to moft Towns there 
te Sepulchres to be feen, yet I obferved them to be moft numerous at bein:^ very populous,and the Plague having been lately in it. 

We lod'^ed ^t^nArnteman Merchant's houfe, where wewerehand- 
fomlv accommodated. And we vifited divers others, who had built 
them fair houles ; one, in which there was a Fountain and handfom 
Bath, and Stoves, where we wanted not C^/i?f, Sherbet^ and excellent 
Wines ; fuch as the Neighbour Country affords. Thefe Armemans 
are difpcrfcd into all Trading Places,and have a Church here at Belgrade^ 
and feem to be more plain dealing, and reafonable men to buy any 
thing of. than either Jem or Creeks. 

The Countries about have a great Trade unto this place : the Raguft- 
ans Trade here, and the Eaftern Merchants of Fienna have a Factory in 
this City. And furely Belgrade is as well feated for Trade, as any in-land 
place in EuropeSor being fituated upon the Confluence of the DanubtHS^ 
and the Savus, having the great River tihifcus running into the Danule 
rear it ; the Dravus not very far from it, and the River Morava not tar 
below It ; the Danube alfo flowing forward unto the Euxine may 
hold no uneafie Commerce with many remote parts. And Servia being 
a fruitful and plcafant Country confifting of Plains, Woods, and Hills, 
u'hich might aiford good Metals, not without ftout Men, goodHorfes, 
Wines and Rivers,if it were in the Chriftians hands ofthe temper of thole 
in the eftern part o^Europe^w. might make a very flourilhing Country. 

This place hath formerly been the Bulwark of Hungary, in vain be- 
fiprred bv Anturath the fecond, and again by Mahomtt the Great, who 
was repulfed by the valour of Hunmades, and the Auxiliaries, raifed by 
Friar Capifiranus : when Hunniades ifluing forth, and encamping out of 
the City beat away the Turkilh Forces with great (laughter : where 
Mahomet himfclf was wounded in the breaft, loft his Ordnance, and 
two hundred Ships were overthrown, by a Fleet, wnich came trom 
Buda-.hyxt, bemg unprovided, it was fmce taken by ^^/yw^w the Mag- 
mhcent, in the fecond Year of his Reign,in the Year ot our Lord i^zr. 

and m no likelihood to be recovered. 

E z Leaving 







i4 Journey from Vienna to Larilla. 

Leaving Bel^raJe, we proceeded in Servia, and pafTcd by a very 
high Hill, called Hwvtlleck, on the South or right hand, wliere are Ibll 
the ruines of an old Monaflery, and came Mnto HiJS'argick, nigh the 
Danuh ; which, in Maps, is commonly placed too tar from it. Here 
U'c took leave of that noble River, which by this time hath run a long 
courfe ; and from Vlwe, in Schuiabenlmdt^ where it begins to be navi- 
gable, about nine hundred Miles : but more from its firft fource and 
orignal ; and hath a long fpace yet to run, before it enters the Eux- 
tne. Next to Collar^ not far from Samandna, an old habitation and Ro- 
man Colony, but now a place of no great remark, it fell into the hands 
oftlic Turks wixkitivcatoi Amur at h the firft, and was given to the 
Chriftians again by his Son ^«//j» £j;ji<f/^, for Lazarus Defeat di Scr- 
■via being ibin in Battel, left a mournfiil Widow. Step/^e» his Eldcft 
Son, and a fair Daughter, and their Family being then m great diflrefs, 
they fent Amballadors to SukjH Bajazer, with rich Prelents and 
great Oilers which pleafcd him well, but above all he was marvelloufly 
taken with the incomparable beauty of the fair Defpoma, at the lame 
time preiented to him by her Mother the Defpotin, who had formerly 
promiled her to him, upon which he not only granted them peace tor 
the prelent, but in return thereof beflowed upon them the plealant 
City of Semundna. The beautitul Defpoina after this when Baja^et 
was overthrown, and Ihut up in an Iron Cage, was liiddenly taken 
Prifoncr in tlie City of Prufa in AJia Minor by Axalla, one of the Gene- 
rals to Tamerlane, and carried far away, into the Eailern Parts of the 
World, but however it came to pafs She was afterwards brought back 
again, and now lies buried by the Tomb of Sultan Bajazet at Brufu : 
From hence to //affaa Bafa Palanka, about torty Englijh miles from 
Belgrade : perhaps fo called from Haffan Bafa aVamous Turk^/k Gene- 
ral. Here I couid not but take notice of an handfome Antiquity in 
Stone, ot a Lyon worrying a Wolf. 

From thence to Eaditzjta, where the Womens drefs began to change, 
and was Ibmcwhat odd unto me. They wear a kind of Canopy on 
their heads; whicli is fct about, as alfo their foreheads, with all forts of 
mony, which they can get of Strangers. We lett fome fmall pieces a- 
mong them, to add unto that curiofity : in this kind of Ornament I 
hivt: leen lome Graician Women very rich,and fomew hat after this failii- 
on, but their head-drefs not railed fo high, having their foreheads co- 
vered with Ducits of Ggki, and Pearl. 


/• ' 


A Journey from Vienna to LarifTa. 


\7e pafled oa to ^agoJna^ pleafantly feated, and in a fair Country, 
whence fctring forwards, after a k"^ hours we turned Southward, and 
foon after, upon the fide of an Hill, upon the right hand, I faw the 
Tomb of a Turkijh Saint, about four yards long, and a fquarc covered 
place by it: here our C/^/tf«j* alighted, and performed his devotions in 
prayer, then we travelled on, through great Woods, dangerous for 
Wolves and Thieves, by Chifflkk^ where there is a Carauatifarah^ but 
not always fafe: fo as we refrefhed our felves in a large Farmhoufe, 
not far trora thence, belonging to a rich Wine Merchant 0^ Eelgrarfe. 
From hence we travelled by Night to the noted River Morava or Mof^ 
chius^ the chief River of this Country ; which arjfing nbove in the 
Mountains in two flrcaras, the one named Morava di Bulgaria^ the 0- 
thcr Morava di Servia^ after uniting, runs into the Danuhe^ at Zen* 
derin or Singidumm^ oppofite to the Rafcian ihoar : we pafled this 
River at a place which was broad, fomewhat deep, and rapid, and 
therefore not without fome fear, and the continued loud prayer of the 
Ch: .US in Turkijh^ and of the Couriers Or a pro mbis. This palBgeput 




«■ ■ 



A Journey fromVkrm2. to LarilTa. 

mc in mind of the fwift River rarus, in the Confines of Provence and 
Italy which I pafled on Horfe-back, with two men going by me, on 
the lower fide flioving up my Horfe left the current (hould bear him 
down. By this River Morava, the commodities o(Servia, and part ot 
Bukaria, are brought into the Danube, and fo difperfed ; and up tlie 
current of the fame River are brought Salt and other commodities, 
from Hungary, Aufiria, and the neighbour Countreys. Not tar from 
this River, was that great {laughter of the Turks by Hunmades*, who, 
with ten thoufand Horfe, kt upon the Twryt/y^ Camp by Moon-light, 
flew thirty thoufand, and took four thoufand Prifoners, vidionouflv re- 
turning unto his Camp. Where he left Vladtjlaus and George Defpot of 
Servia, We arrived at length at Halli Jahifar, or Crujhovatz in Bulg^.- 
nan ; a confiderable place, where there is an handlom Church, with 
two fair Towers. Then travelling the whole day through Hills and 
Woods ue came to Trocupie^ which fome will have to be Villa Proco-^ 
plana, in rurkijh called Vrchup. Here we ftayed till the next day, be- 
in^ lodged in a Ragufean Merchants houfe, where we were well enter- 
tamed. The Prieft, being of the Roman Church, fpake Latine, which is 
a Language not ordinary in thefe parts ; and enquiring of me after La- 
tine Books, I prefented him with one, called Manuducih ad caelum, 
which he kindly accepted, and gave me a wrought-coloured Handker- 
chief, and fome little things of thole p rts. They had alfo a Phyfician, 
who had fome knowledge of Simples and ordinary Compofitions. His 
manner was to go into the Market-place every morning, and mviteall 
perfons, who ftood in need of his afliflance, to refort unto him 

From hence we came to Lefioa, or Leicovia, where I could obferve 
little, befides a large Tower, which feemed to be ancient, but without 
Infcrlption. We pafled much of our time at a great Fair, which hap- 
pened to be at that time kept in a large enclofcd place, with great refort 
of People ; where I thought it feafonable, to prefcnt the Chiaus with a 
Feather; he having loft his the day before, and we found fome want 
thereof/ for hereby we travelled with more Authority through all 
places. ' This Town is feated upon the remarkable River Lypentza, 
which may well be called the Ma^ander of M^Jia ; for it runs fo 
winding and crankling between the Hills, that in t;e fpace of lefs than 
twelve hours, we pafled it ninety times. This called to my mind the 
River Taro in Italy, which, parting from the Dominions of Parma, I 
pafled forty times, before 1 came to Fornnvo. 

The next day we travelled over the Mountain Cl/fura, one of the 
Spurs or Excurfions of Mount H^emus. We were much furprifed at 
the gallant appearance thereof, for the Rocks and Stones of this Moun- 
tain Mnt like Silver,and by the light of Sun and Moon,Cfor I pafled it 
once by day and another time by night) afforded a pleafant glittering 
Ihow, as confifting of Mufcovia glafs, whereof I brought fome home 
with me. This Mountain furely cannot be much unlike that mention- 
ed by Olearius in his Travels into Perfia, between Permeras and Sea- 
wachiay where he relates that he faw a Mountain of Lapis Specularis^ 
which w hen the Sun fhined upon it,iooked like a heap of Diamonds. We 
defcended in a narrow rocky way by the ftrong Caftle di Kolomhotz^ 
or (jelohotz, and came unto Vrania, feated at the bottom of the Moun- 
tain Clifura, this is a ftrong Pafs, which the Caftle commands, and 
locks up the paflage. 

A Journey from Vienna to LariHii. 


The Hills between Servia and Macedonia, are a part ot Mount Hie^ 
mus ; which, under leveral namesjs thought to extend rrom the Adna^- 
tick to the £w.v/«^ Sea ; admitting of fevcral pallages, which Philip, 
Ring oS. Macedon took a fpecial caretofhutup againft the Neigiibour- 
ing Nations. Which when he had done, he thought himiclf Iccure : 
and that from thence no Enemies could come at Iiin*, except they drop- 
ped out of the Clouds. Some have thought, that from the midcle 
Peaks di H^mus a man might fee both the Euxme and Adriatkk Seas; 
and King Phdip made tryai of it : but we find not, that he fatisfied 
Jus curiofity therein ; nor do I think any hath done it. Being upon 
high Mountains, and more inclining to the Adriatick Sea, I viewed all 
about ; but found, that the high Alhaman Hills did cut oti all long 

From Vrania we pafled to CcntonaTa^ncar which there is. ft ill a Creek 
Monaftery, upon the fide of the Hills. From thence to KapLmiih or 
Tigres Town ; but why fo called, I could not learn. Tlxn to Kuprw 
lib or Br id^\€'Town, where there is a con jfideralle Rivernamed Pjinia, 
and a good Bridge built over it. This Town was caluaily let on fire, 
while we were in it, and a great part of it burnt down ; the fire cncrea- 
fing much tefore we got out of it. Hero we met with many perfons, 
wlio brought the Tribute, and a Prcfentot Hawks out oiWallachia unto 
the Grand ::>eignivr^x.htn refiding at Lar/Jfa- 

^ rem hence, by IJiar, we came to Pyrlipe, firft paifing t!;c high 
Mountains cf Pyrlipe in Macedonia which Ihine like Silver, as thofe of 
Clijiiira\ and, befide Mofcovia Glafs, may contain good Minerals in 
their bowels. The Rocks of this Mountain arc the moft craggy that I 
havefecn ; and nialTy Stones lye upon ftones, without any Earth about 
them, and upon a ridge of a Mountain, many Steeples high, ftands 
the ftrong Caftle of Marco Crollowitz, a man formerly famous in thele 

Then through a Plain Country we came to Monafler or Toli a great 
Place, well peopled, and plealantly Seated. Here the Sultana, who was 
great with Child at Lanjja, was dcfigncd to Le delivered, ai^d lye in. 
All accommodations being ordered to that purpole, where I aferwards 
heard Ihe was deliveredof a Daughter, wlio lived not long alter. Tie 
Turks, who have a high opinion of Alexander the Great, u ould have 
been glad to have had a Son of the Empire born in Macedonia. 

From h^nct to Filurina, and Ecciijo Verheni, where there arc Aci- 
dulm ofgoodeiteem, the Springs large, and plentiful. Before we de- 
fcended the Hill, which leads to this Town, we had a iight before us 
of the famous Mount Ohmpu^, about Seventy miles otf; and on the left 
hand we faw the Lakes oi'Pctriski, and (Jtrova ; they have a Tradition, 
that one of thele Lakes was made, by taking great flonesout of the fide 
of the Hills,whertby the Subterraneous wacer^finding vent,over-liowed 
the Neighbour Plaines. 

We came afterwards to Fgrilugia, where we again left the Plains, 
and travelled over high rocky Hills to Sar/gg.'o/e. U hence palling 
through the River Injecora, we came to Sarvitza^ a noted Place, built 
partly upon an HJl,anJ partly m the Piam. The ChriUians live moil 
\\\ the upper part, ihe Turks in the lower : there is dfo a Caftle upon 
a verv high Rock : not lar troin hence we went through a palfjge, cut 
ihiough the Rocks, like ro a great Gate, and a fm-aU River paiiingalfo 


yl Jouniey from Vienna to LarilTa. 

through ir, which makes a fall PaCs, and commands tlic ralTpre 
ot tIusCountry,whichputmein mind of /^ Chiuja-m the Jd, J ^/pes 
between I e»Jone and Fonteva; which paffiige the rf/;f/w«j fliut up 
every night we took notice ahb in our Journey, of the iirft Turkilh 
A/fl/c/.^-.^ which was bmltinthefe parts, upon that place where the 
Turks firft rcfted, .iter they had taken the ftrong Caftle and PafTage of 
Sarvitza Here we aho paiFed by a Hill of a fine red Earth, wliereof 
they make Pots and VeiTels, like thofe of Portu<i,al Earth, which arc of 
cllecm all atout thele Parts, We proceeded over dangerous Rocks in 
narrow hanging ways dill on Horle back ; although we had Iktie 
plcarm-c to look down the Precipices on one hand, and fee the Carkai: 
Ics ot riorfcs in (om^ places, which had fallen down and broke their 
necks. Afterwards we had the Mount OlymBus on our lelt hand till 
we came to W/^f..;e or Akficon, a confiderable place ; where there is 
a Greek Monaftcry, and Monks of the Order of St BalU. The Mo- 
nailery was ot a diUcrent kind of building from any I had then feen 
l-rom hence pairing over a River, wc entered into a round Plain of 
about five Miles over; with divers Towns pleafantly feated in ir 
Then over an Hill again, which is a Spur of Mount Ol,rr,pus ; upon 
thetopwhereof anold Man flood beating of a Drum, to give node" 
untoPafllmgerson both fides, that thofe parts Mere free from Thieves 
F rom this Hill as we defcended, we had a good Profped of the Plains 
o\lheUaly ; and at the foot ot it ue turned to the left, and palfed over 
a River, which runs from under a rocky Mountain notinfmqll 
Spnngs but the whole body of the River together ; and' the, thro.g 
\ in.v aids, ana Gotten lidds, to Tor^evo, and from thence to Unfa 

herSter' '" ""'"'' '^'^ '' °^ ^^^'^^ ^^'''' ^^ ^^^" ^P^^^ more 
In our return, we left the road, ^hom A^.j>laMj, and turned unto 

ttV ?K f ^''"' ^''\'"^ '^'^ ^^^S^ft 'H thefe parts. Scop^a 
or .Sc.p^ of Ftolomy, named Z^fco^a by the Turks, is feated in the re- 
moteft parts ot M^M Superior, or the Confines of AlacedoJ^ at the 
foot ot Mount 0././.X, upon the River ^ar^.r, or Axu.s n a plea! 
rant and jMcntifu Country, feated partly on Hilk, and part W o" pE 
It was hrrt a Bdhops, afterwards an Arch Bifliop See ; ftill a pleafant 
and populous p ace. There are feven hundred Tanner in it, and they 
Tann m great long Troughs ot Stone, and make excellen LeatheT 
u herewith they furnifli other parts.There are fome handfom Sep ctal 

in toThr^'' '^""^' ^^Z""'"'^'^ thatofthe0^.y,and that Won^ 
ing to die E.ur, or one of AIaho»>ets Kindred, whof'e Father was Tf 
grea teaeem in thefe parts. In the Court-yard of the £ Houf^ 
r He ""rr ]l^' ^';J P'^^^J'^ ^y contrived Fountain, in manner of a 
C.ilie, fet round with many Towers, out of the tops whereo the 
U ater fprings forth, Their bell Houfes are furmJlied with dch Car! 
pets to tread upon : and the Roofs divided into Trian- les QuaSnles 
and other Figures fairly gilded, and painted with fe veraiclur "to ' 
Without any Imagery or Reprefentat.on, either of An^al or Vegetal 
ble. Here IS alfo a fair 5...y/.«,covered with Lead; many S recrf co 
vered over Wood; and divers places are f:^irS w h n and 
widiout the Town , being let ofT by^rees and plealant Hu" and 

There are a great number of Mofdeas or Turk,/J; Churches. The 


1 Journey from Vienna to LarifTa. 

laircll is on a Hill, and hath a large Portico before it, fuppnrted by four 
Marble Pillars; near whicii is a| Tt»i'er of Wood with a Clock and a 
Kell in it; from whcne I had a good F'rofpedl: of the City. There is 
alio an Arch , whicli leems to be Ancient, and a riv-olet ruHning under 
it. A lar^e Stone alfo which leems to be part of i Pillar, uitii this 
infcription S H A N C A litile «/ay out oi tir City, rkerc is a no- 
lle Anuerliitt of Stone, with about two hundred Arc!u;s, made rrcm one 
Hill to another, over the lower gr(?t)nd or Valley between, wliicli is a 
handfomc Antiquity, and adds to the honour of this place. When 
Mahmet the Firll conquered this City, lie placed a Colciiy of Afmtick^ 
m it, w lich makes it the moiic Turkrfi}. Great A(^ions have been 
performed hereabouts, in the time of tlie. Rowans, particularly by Re- 
pUianm ; as is tcftified by TieitJlius P»/Iioy tkat lie-^ion k) ip!any Bat- 
tles, and earned on fuch mighty things at Scupi, tliiit he dcferved a 
Triumph. Hereabouts alio itocxi PM-itcrpolis, and Tjlpuwum. 

The Sanziack of this Place is under the Eeilci le% of Rumel/a or Grce- 
chu A l/acle IS driven Irom hence to i^e/^rWc, and to Jht\jahnica\)r 
Salonichi^ and many other ]:)lacLS. I liavc been niore particular con- 
cerning this City, becaufe Geagrafbers pafs it over in a few words ; and 
I could ne\ cr meet with any, w ho had been at It. 

From hence we travelled to Cu/^//;^«/67',a Fortrels tliat commands the 
paflageb-tween the Hills ; and afterwards advanced lotar, as to enter 
the famous Plains of Cojfova in Bulgaria ; which forac take to be Campus 
Merulie^ a Plain not very much exceeding JJncaln Heathy yet the 
Stage of great Adions. Here tlie grcateft Cfiriftian Army, that was 
ever brought into the Field in Europe^ confifling of five hundred thcu- 
land men, under Lazarus Defpot of Serz^ia^ fcught wirli the Forces 
ot: ^murab the iirft, and loft tile day. In which Battle Lazarus was 
flain : and .t/w/rj/', viewing the dead bodies, was ftabbed by Mkbacl 
Cobilovitz^ a Chriftian Sould^er, left for dead in the Field. Amurab 
hath in thefe Plains a Memt)Fial Monument unto this day \ and that 
part is called the Field of the Sepulchre : in the fame Plains was 
alfo fought that remarkable Battle between I lunfuaJes and Mabomer^ for 
three days together ^ where £lunniades^\:i^ivi^ very unecjual Forces, was 
ut laft over-thrown. - ; ^ 

We proceeded forward to Trejlina^ a good Town, and where wg ex- 
petflcd good accommodation ; but having entered into a fair Room, 
we found a man lying down in it Tick of the Plague. So we conllilred 
imr fafety, and flayed not long ; and having a Oypfh to our Guide, we 
travelled through a Country thinly inhabited, but Iruitful and plcalant 
and were much refrclhed with fair Cornelions^ which grew plentifully 
in the ways : we palled alfo by an hot Bath, a little on the right hand. 
The Bath is an arched Room v\ cll built, and very refrelhing unto Tra- 
vellers. It hatha red Sediment, and is impregnated with ■d.JH^cus lapidc 
fcenSy and makes a gray StonQ. It is within two hours going oi Bcllu" 
cberqua QY Curfumtie^whti-Q lobferved a Convent and an old Church 
wdth two handfom Towers ; From whence palFing over the Hill JaJ^ie- 
hatz^ we came to Elhclleck between the tv/o MoravdsfiX\6. fo by a Caltle 
upon a Hill, near unto which is a noted Convent, wherein is kept the 
body o": Kcnez Lazarus^ and the body of St. Romams^ and lo proceed- 
ed. But I mull not forget to fay Ibmetliing of Lanjja. 




/ -■ 


i A 



/ , 

. * 







LARISSA is the chief City o^theJ!aly, feated by the River 
Pemusy the chief River of that Country. Upon the North 
it hath the Famous Mountain Olympus^ and on the South a 
Plain Country. It is now inhabited by Chrljtians^ Turks and 
Jews ; hath fair Bezeflens , divers Turkijh Mofcheas, and Chriflian 
Churches in it. It is pleafantly feated, and upon a rifing ground : on 
the upper part whereof ftands the Palace of the Graitd Seigmor^ which 
he hath made ufe of during his refidcnce in this place : it is contrived 
with jetting large Windows, on four fides, near which he took his re- 
paft, and pafs-time, according as the Wind fcrved, or afforded the beffc 

It is alfo an Arch-Biihop's See, having divers Suffragan Biihops under 
it. The Reverend Father Dionyfius was then Arch-bilhop. The Church 
of St. Achilleus is the Cathedral, where I heard Divine Service the 
Arch-biiliop being prefent, and llanding in his Throne in his Epifcopal 
habit, and his Crofier in his hand ; when three or four of us Strangers 
came into the Church, he fent one to fume us with Inccnfe and Iwcet 

The Grand Seignior kt^t his Court in this place forfome years, in or- 
der to his Affairs in Candia, and for the great convenience of Hunting 
and Hawking, wherein he exceedingly delights. When I came away 
it was faid, that he would go to Ntxroponte-, but he remained at La^ 
rijia fome months after, until he removed ioSalonichi^ and afterwards 
to Adrianople, 

In the hot and dry Summer 1669. the Grand Seignior paiTed above 
two months of that 5eafon upon the Neighbouring Mount Olympus 
partly that he might have a large Profpedt over the Plains, and a part 
of the yig^an Sea^ and partly to enjoy frelh Air, and be removed from 
the choakmg heat of the Valleys ; but this humour proved deilrudlive 
to fome hundreds of thofc, which attended him ; for it became fo cold 




The Defcription of Lanlla an^ Thcllalv, 


upon the Hill, that many, who reforted unto him, beinf^ ovcr-heaccd 
by afceiiding the Mountain, and then pierced by the cold Air above, 
Jell lick, and dyed ; and often in fuch places, wlicre there was fcarce 
t.irrh cn:)ugh to bury them. The Si^/taft himleh' t^^U alio into a diftem- 
j>cr, hut it lulled but three or tour days: of Horles and Camels not a 
tew penlhcd. The S^ilra^, who is a delperatc rider, killed one of his 
bcH Horlesi by forcing him up a noted Peak of the Mountain, called 
Pythagon or Kijiagnn^ Mdiere iii\K or none could iollow him ; he was alio 
fo daring, that lie would have leaped on Horleback over a FifTure or 
Cleft in the Rocks in a bravery; ai d was fcarce with-held from that 
bold attempt, by the prayers and importunity of his chl fjft followers. 
Many alfo periilied by drinking of a Spring of a whitilh colour upon 
the Hill, in their Heats and Thirft, contracted by afcendingthe Moun- 
tain ; they romphunmg of a coldnefs and heavinefs at their Stomach lor 
three or lour days betbre they d} ed. 

The Greeks ( who are forward to magnifie the Concerns of their 
Country,) fpeak highly of Mount Ohmpus r and Homer would have it 
to be the habitatioa of Jup/terand the Gods^and to be without Cfouds ; 
but unto me fome part o{ the .-iJpes iecm much higher ; and I have 
leen Clouds above it ; and in Septcmler there appeared no Snow upon 
it, which the high Peaks in the Alpe$^ Fyrefuran and Carpathian Moun- 
tains, belldes many others in Europe, are never without. And Olyrrjpus 
alio was plentifully lupplied with it 4ipon rhe firft Rain that tell in that 
Country ; it not being unknown to you. I fuppofe, that when it rains 
upon the Valleys, at the H^mc time it fnows upon high Mountains,- 
and this Hill \ muil confefs to be vifible at a great diftance ; for I be- 
held it from Eccrlfo ycrleni in Macedunui^ feventy miles from it ; and 
it confifl: s not of one rifing Peak, as it is fometimes defcribed, but is 
alio extended a great way in length, and makes good the Epithete of 
Horner^ Longum tremere fecit Olympum. If the word be there taken,not ^^j^^ . 

:ly for high, but lon^. ■ ^^^^ ' 


This Hill cf-ueHy extending from Eafl: to Weft^makes the Inhabitants, 
at the toot of the North and South /ides, to have a different temper of 
Air, as if they lived in Chmes much diilant ; wliich makes the expref^ 
fion oi Lucan very Emphatical : 

Nee metHens imi Borcan halitator Olvmpi, 
Lucentem totis ig^orat HccUi^us Ardton. 

Tuulus /EmyliHs^ tlie Roman Conful, winding about this Hill, by the 
Sea-fide, overcame King Perfeus^ and fo conquered Macedonia. When 
King Antiochus befieged Larifia, Appius Claudius railed the Siege, by 
g eat fires, made upon part o'i Mount Olympus ; the King apprehending '^^'^>'' 
thereby, that the whole force of the Romans were coming upon him. 
But the Exploit of the Conful Martius upon this Hill was moft remark- 
able, and unparallel'd by any fince ; who being fent againil King Phz- 
lip^ the iall of that Name, brought lusSouldiers over Olympus, by paf- 
fages unknown, and luch difficult ways, that his men were fain to wai- ^^^' ^• 
low, and make hard Ihift down ; and his Elephants, by ftrangc contri- ^'^^' "^ 
ved Engines, fomcwhat like draw-Bridges, one under another, were 

1: % let 



'"■'" ■ "^ ~"^ " ■■■■■ ' ■ ■■ - - ■ ■— I ■■! ■ — — ^^— ^^^^^MT Mil a 11 » i I 

TheDefcription ofLanlla ancll\\Q.iXAy . 


I'i • 


let down into the Plains ; as S,t miter R.wleigh hatJi more largdr 
defcnbcd the fame. ° -^ 

• "V""^.." the C?/^ W 5.r/2»/*r hath honoured Larifia by a long aboad in 
It; fo King PMip of //<,«^^», the lafl of that Name, did the like • fur 
we find he pafled the Summer at Lanfia, the fame Year, when '/fan- 
nital tock Saf^HHtu^ in Spain. Whether A'erxes were here when hLs 
great Army pafTed through Thefialy towards ThermopyU, Hiftories do 
not declare. But King Fhthp, Father unto Alexander the Great after 
he had quieted the Myrians^znA Pannonians, bent his mind upon Greece- 
in order whereto he took the City Lar^fu upon the River Lneus, and 
thereby got fo good footmg in Tbefalj, that he made great ufe of the 
ThelJaliaHS, m the following Wars with Greece. 

Before the Battle of Pharfalia, as Cafar delivers, Scipio lay with a 
Legion in this City ; and this was the firft place, unto which Pompey 
retired, after his Overthrow ; according to that of Lucan. 

Vidit prima tua iefiu Larifla ruina. 
Noiiley nee u til urn fat is caput. 

And not flaying there, he went along the River ; and taking Boat 
went out to Sea, and was taken m by a |reat Ship,then ready to w°£ 

The River Peneus, which runs by Larifia, is the chiefeft in Th,r 
f^ly.nd into which moll of the other Rivers )un ; anfingtom M?u{; 
Fundus ; and running into the Stnus Thermatcus, or Gulf oiSalonkhi 

cd from rw now Sal^.b., unto the mouth of the kiverVt ! . 

nto fev'^'^'f^.'"'' '"^ P'^^S^' "^ =^"y ^°"^d be made, to "m ; 
Z%a ^i ' u"""^- ^"'^"i'?' "P°" ^"'I"^'"y' ^hat the River had no other 
pa%e, and that it could not be turned: he faid. That Ihe mZ 
//^«. Iiad done wifely to yield, and make their p^ace with him for 

\S^fu^i^"u'^''/'r^"''^ r^^J^/y might hVve been drowned ^ 
the Daughter of ^... who ^^^tu^Zl^nL^I^^^^^^ 

There isanhandfome Stone- Bridge over this B.V^.. nr^r,r,a- f 
Nine Arches , and peculiarly contrived wXhofe and J^l^^^^the 
foUd parts between the Arches, to afford fome palTage un o fhe w.r 
when It IS high J and hinder the bearing down of SXe in h^" n""' 
tcrs, and great floods. ^ high wa- 

Ipedt. The Sails ot their Tents were lb orHerrH ►i.o^ .u "''*"'^ ^^'^o- 
*id«n,yard cfch.8r.„„d: ibl" SrSl^ErfeVer/ii;": 



The Defcription of L^xi^ji andT\\z^Ay. 


them ; where they commonly remained palUng a great part ot* the day 
in Drinking Sberhet and Coffee, 

Tlie neareft con fiderable Port unto £^r/^7, is that uf Fo/Ia^ or old 
Pagaja^ in the Sinus PagaJicuSy or Dcntetr/acus^ or Gulf of /i>m}ro : not 
far from whence flood old Argot Pe/^Jg/cam ; from which place the 
Argonauts firft let fail, in that famou*; Voyage for Co/d-os,hy which way 
the Grant/ Seignior received intelligence from Candia^ and his Ajian and 
African Dominions. And not far from hence, at the Promontory 6>- 
^Aty,therc happened the grcatell Shipwrack we read of; when Xerxes 
loft five hundred Sail by a Tcmpeft from an Eaft-wind. 

It was no hard matter to have a fight of the Grand Seignior, at this 
place ; for he rode out often, ibr his recreation of hunting and hawk- 
ing, with great number of Attendants, and Huntfmen, and Falconers, 
in their proper habits : and alfo went frequently to the great Mojchea. 
I had a full view of him, as he came out of his Palace, to go unto his 
devotion. Before he came out, divers brave Horfes richly caparifoned, 
were mounted by divers of his Attendants, nobly attired, and rode 
about the (3ourt-yard;fo that he looking out of the window,made choice 
of which he liked bcft;,and would then make ufe of. 

At his tirft appearance abroad, great acclamations were made, low 
bowings from all, botli near c^nd at a diftancc ; the Streets v. ere made 
clean, and a Janizary was placed at every corner, to provide,that there 
might be no hinderance in the wav. The Chiau^e\ rode Before, the 
Shatters, or great Courtiers, about Twenty four followed on foot ; and 
immediately, on each fide of hi^ Horfe, walked two chief Janizaries^ 
with white Feathers, fct in an hollow Pipe before thur Gaps, very 
large, and fpread, and about a fathom high; which fhaking as they 
Walked, were high enough, both to Ihade and tan his lace as he rode. 
Many brave Hories were led aftrcr him, and divers pcrfons 
rying Cufhions and Pillows to the Mofchea Before he came out of his 
Palace, I obferved many gallant Perfonsinthe Porch,which the Chiaus^ 
who walked with me, told me, were perfons of the greateft quality int 

The Grand Seignior was then under Thirty year? of age, well fetjfome- 
what Ihort necked, inclining to fatneis, his complexion lallow naturally, 
and much heightned by frequent riding about in thofc hot Countrvs. 
He hath a very flrong body, and healthful, and is a hard rider ; hath % 
ftern look, and yet would Ipeak kindly unto perfons, and encourage the 
people abroad to approach him, taking no delight in the crycs, and 
frights, and fiymg away of the Inhabitants at the fight of him, or any of 
his Officers. The Grand Vifier carried divers Chriflian Chyrurgcons 
with him to Cand/a^m I heard of no Phyfician of Note about i\it Grand 
Seignior. The Sultan took great liking to a private Turkijh P rieji, vfhom 
he met withal by chance in Iheffaly^ and made him his Chaplain ; but 
the report was, that a famous Prielt was coming to him. 

Achmet, the Prime Vilicr^ being ablent, the (r/'i^vwi/r/'-/w, or Deputy 
Vilitr^ difpatchcd all Affairs of State here, and had the bell Houle in 
the City. The Emjcrour's Refident had three Interpreters, uho, upon 
all occafions, were made ule of in Addrelles ui to him, and b) u horn we 
were informed of the moll confidcrable Occurrences; they leirg civil 
perfons, and good Linguifls. 




The Defer iption of LarilTa and Thcifaly. 

The Defcripti07i of Larilla anJ Theilaly. 


The SuLana was alfo at Larifj much beloved by the Sultan^hy birth 
^Cundtot^ httlcofllature, fomeu hat marked with the SmaJl Pox ; ihe 
was thf n with child, and was to goto lye- in ^x Monajhr^ a great and 
plcalant Town in Macedonian which being a place we were to pafs 
proved a great convenience unto us ; For, in order to her better Jour- 
ney, tlic High-ways were plained, Hills made pafTable, with Broad- 
ways and Bridges over Rivers, to the great Jjibour of the Inhabitants ; 
whonotwithllanding were not unready, to make a Bridge fbrfuch great 
Ones to pafs out of their Country ; for at the fiift approach of the Grand 
Sejgnior^z great number of the Greeks forfook their habitations,, for tear 
of him and his Attendants, and left them unto the Turks-, but were re- 
called again by his command- 

Tiie ^rand Seigniurs Son was aUb with him there, about Six years 

I \Ktni with Ofman Chiaus to fee the Chaymackim't; houre,but efpeciaJiy 
to hear his Mufick, which was accounted the bell in lurky. Where I 
heard the loudeft,yet not unpleafant Mufick, I ever met with ,- ten men 
at once playing in an open high Room upon large Wind-InAruments, 
which t'lcy mifs not to do at certain hours of the day. 
- In the Town I alfo heard fome Turki(h Songs, but efpecially concern- 
ing i^j^j/j Sevi^ the famous Jeivijh Impoftor, who had made a great 
noife in the World, and how Ci^jjum Bajha fo handled him,that he was 
glad to tMxv^Turk, This Cufinm BaJJ)a^ is a perfon much honoured by 
the Turks^ and cryed up for his great Skill and Practice in Phyfick • an 
Art not much known amongft them. He is now Vifier o{ Erzrum in 
Afia ; is married to one of the Grand Seignior s Sifters, and lives with 
lier^ and w^as formerly Fifier of Euda^ and upon that account well 
known to the Germans, Here I met alfo with a French Book, concern- 
ing Michael Ciialuy another Impoftor, who had deceived the Em- 
perour, and the King oi France^ and other Chriftian Princes. Which 
the Interpreter to the Refident told me, the Turks very much laugh- 
ed at; and that he was a Grecian born, and not a Wallachtan, Of 
Faddrj Ottomamo^ who was thouglit to be the Grand Seigniors Bro- 
ther, now a Dominican Frier, and whom I had feen at Tunno^ I could 
hear nothing. 

' There were many Thoufand Souldiers, andHorfes, In and about the 
Citv, and Five thoufand Camels for the Service of the Grand Seignior 
which bein^ of different magnitudes, ages, and the bunches on their 
backs of different lliapes, and in fome variety of colours, and treading 
loft, and uith little noife, afforded me a pleafant fight, uhen they were 
led by my lodging to watering at the Riven 

When we read, that Alar domus, the Fer/ian General of the <^rcat Ar- 
5ir Walter m}' o{ Xerxesy wintered in Theffldj ; It is no fmall Teftimony of the 
Ra-vleigh. fruitfulnefs of that Country ; and though the number of men was here 
very great at this time, yet was there no want of provifion, but all 
very cheap; in a Vidualling houfe, I could Dine with roafl and bo^ - 
led, and Sherbet, for the value of Six pence, and at an eafic rate could 
oblige Turks and Chnjiians Vvith a meal, which they would take very 
kindly. ^ 

The Place was alfo extraordinary populous : there being at that time 
fuch a mixed multitude in it, " Yet was the City in very good order 


and quietncfs. An Officer with a Club in his Hand, accompanied 
with about twenty Perfons, walking about the Streets, and puniihing 
all Perfons drunk, tjuarelling, clamorous, or acting a-y thin"- aminll 
good Manners. o e^ * - 

When I was there in September 1^69. it was very hot Weather, and 
many were fick of Fevers and Agues ; as they were at that time in 
moft Parts of Europe^ and at my return into' Engl a}/d I found many 
ianguilhing under Quartan Agues, who had been taken tliercu ith a'- 
bout that time. They were then alfo in their Vintage, and we had 
the opportunity of tailing their Muft and New Wine ; and the ffridtcr 
Turksy who would not be tempted with Wine, would he much dthgh- 
red, to take a little in the Muft. 

During the hot fweating Seafon, we went often to the Barber, who 
would handfomcly perform his Work, and much to our reirclhmcnt ^ 
trimming every Man according to the \ afhion of his Country. 

The Greeks have a place, of the bredth of a Dollar, Iclt bare upon 
the topot rhcir Crowns; and then let the Hair grow round it the 
bredth of two Fingers, more or lels ; alter which they Jhave aJl the reft 
ot their Head, and wear it bare. 

The Croarian, hath one fide of his Head ihorn, and the other fide is 
neither fliorn nor cut, but the Hair is let to grow as long as it will. 
The Hmigarian Ihavcs his whole Head, except his Fore-top The 
Folander , w^ears his Hair Ihort cut, fo as it comes down to 
tlie middle ot his Fore-head, and the middle of his Ear. The l^urk 
ihaves his whole Head, except a Lock upon his Crown. The Francks 
Ihave not their Heads, hut wear their Hair long, as with us, only for 
the more amicable converfe, and that nothing about them mii^ht be of- 
tenfive to thole, whom they live amongft, they often tuck it'up under 
their Caps. The Greek Priefts, alfo neither Ihave nor cut their Hair, 
but wear it as long as it will grow ; and many of them have thick heads 
of Hair ; but thole, that have leaft, receive moft rcfrelhment here. The 
Party to be ffvaved, fits low; and the Barber has the better advan- 
tage, to fluve much at one ftroke, he lays on very much Soap, and 
holds his Rafor as a Knife, and in a few" ftrokes finilhes his Work. 
There is a Vellcl of Water with a Cock hanging over their Heads, 
which the Barber opens as he pleales , and lets fall the Water ori 

In one of thcle Barbers fliops in the City oi Larifa I fuw an ancient 
large Tomb of ftone ol^ajafpis green colour, a nobleMonumcnr, but ta- 
ken little notice of t]ierc,and the Barber had caufed a hole to be digged the top ftone, and put U ater into it, and made it to lerve 
him for a Ciltcrn. 

I was in lome doubt, how we fhoiild be accommodated for the ex- 
change of our Ducats , Dollars , and other money we brou^^ht 
with us ; but we found ready accommodation therein' from Money- 
changers, wiio lit in the Market-place for fuch purpoles, to change 
them into Mcdincs, Afpcrs, and live fols Pieces, whereof there \\ as 
plenty in thole Parts. 

The great trading Streets were covered, as in other great Ttirkilh 
Towns; the Shops are linalh but well furniihed; wherein hang all 
Commodities, which may be had in a larger manner, if defiretl. The 
Shop-keeper fits hke a Taylor in his Shop, and io Iclls his Commodi- 

I i«i wiaa i — i 

■I 1 ■IWitti 


The Defer ipicn c/Lariifa ancH\\c{[AY. 

I ■' 



v ■\ 


ties unto hisCliapman,who commonly flands in the Street. 1 or crlicr 
Commodities,! man riding througli rJie .Streets cries them., and gi\ts no- 
tice where, and at what rate they may be had. 

Though I have been much plea(ed at the fi^^ht of tl\e fine Stables of 
Horks of manv Princes in Chnjlendom^ as at that of rtio Loutre \\\ 
Paris. The Vice-Roy's of KipL's. Tlic Duke of S^x.'.>ry's noble 
Stable at Dref<Jen, and Count WaUeJhxmi'i at Prague m the Lilt ci' 
which each Horfe hath a Marble Pillar by him, eats his Provender out 
of a Manger of poliflied Marble upon a Pedeiial of tltc fame, placed in 
a Niccbio, in which hangs alfo his rack of hammered .'steel, and over 
his head on one Tide his Pidure as big as the li!e. Yet rhofe gal- 
lant Horfes, I beheld at Larijfa were furprizing unto me, cholen from 
all parts of the TurkilhEvn^ixt ; which were ib richly equipped with 
Bridles and ^addles fet with precious Stones,and withaT'o tender mouth- 
ed and tradable, that it was a great delight to behold them. I law 
feme Tartarian Horfes, which arc of fingular efteem, tor hardinefs, 
lalling, and fwiftnels, but unllghtly, and promile little, and when Cha 
Gag! Aga, Ambailador from the Cham of Tartary, prticnted Ibme (\i 
them to the Emperor of (76'/-ak>7;?;, at firft fight [ thought them but a pi- 
tiful prefent. 

The Greek Merchants fome of them learn t!ie Italian Tongue, 
in order to their Commerce: which makes that Language of 
good ufe unto a Traveller in thcle parts, where French and Latim are 
in a manner ufelefs. The Jews fpeak commonly Spaailh, as they 
do in Macedonia, Ser-via, and Bulgaria j and Iligh-Dutch m Hun- 

I was in thejfaly at a very dry f afon, and fome confiderabJe Rivers 
were low, and fmall ones dry, yet one I obfcrvcd about fevcn Miles on 
this fide Tornovo, to flow plentifully from under a rocky Mountain ,- 
not in fmall fprings or dreams ; but the whole bodv of the River 
came from under the Hill. The Country however in general was ve- 
ry hot and dry,and I could not but think, what a dif?i;rcnt face it now 
had, from that, in thetimeof£'f«M//oAr, King oi The/Lily, wiien that 
memorable deluge happened in this Country, which fome affirm, to 
havclafted a v/hole Winter; occafioned by fome flopping of the River 
Peiteus, and its current into the Sea; into which River moftofthe 
others run, and fo an inundation mull follow in fuch a Country as 
Thejfaly, which is plain, and encompalfed with Hills. And Ibme alfo 
conceive, that in the firfl: times all this Country was under water till 
an Earthquake divided the Mountains of Ofa and Olympus, and made 
a free pallage tor Peneus, to pafs by Tempe into the Sea. In Mace^io- 
nia, between Comanavamd Filunm, at a place called Ecciffh Verbeni 
where I law plentiful Springs of Mineral waters, I had allb a Profped 
ot two great Lakes ; one whereof the People have a Tradition, that 
it firlt happened by taking great Hones out of the fide ofa Mountain; 
whereupon there illued out fuch a flood of water, as to drown the 
Country about, and to caufe a Lake. 

As 1 travelled in Macedonia, the Chiaus told me, that within two 
days he would ihow mc French men, whereby he meant the Country 
People ot TheSaly, from fome likenefs of their Caps with fm.all brims, 
to the little Hats lately in falhion. 


The Defcnption ofLanfTa and TheiTalv. 

■*■;.;■* f 

The Thefalians have been a warlike Nation, and are ftill a flout Pet> 
pie. I heard the Turks complain of' them, as a flurdy and delne- 
rate People ; and Men, who, if injured, would find opportunity to be 
revenged : and that divers of the Turks had been lurprized, and had loll 
their lives by them. 

The Country of Tbejfah feemed the more confiderable to me in re- 
gard that It hath formerly been the Scat of great Adrions, and produ- 
ced many worthy Perfons ; and particularly, becaulc the tamous Mir- 
f aerates, the Father oi Phyficians lived and pradrifed here, as miiy be 
colleded from the Oration of his Son The(falus,znd the Narration of his 
Life by Soranus, annexed to his Works ; w herein it is delivered That he 
lived in Thejfaly, and was warned by a Dream to abide in that Coun- 
try. That the Princes and Rulers of the Barbarous Nations about //- 
iyria and P^sonia, fent hither to him; as alfo the King of Macedonia. 
That he dyed in, or about Lariffa. That he was buried between La- 
rijja and Gyrton, and it may be obferved m the Epidem.ies or BonJ.s 
of Hippocrates: wherein he (tts down the Particulars of the Diiealiis 
of his Patients, together with their Names and Places of Habitation" 
That a great number of his Patients were of the Citv of Lanfa. 

Many famous Battles have been fought in the Plains otThejjhly- and 
a greater than any there might have been, lUheGraaans had acccp- 
ted of the Challenge of Mardomus, the Perfian General, when he lent 
unto them, to come out of their faft Places, and fight witli them m 
7heply, where there were Plains and open Places enough, wherein to 
Ihow their Valour, 

The Thejfalians are an handfom race of People, having black Hair 
black Eves, and their Faces of a frefli and florid languine, much like' 
our frcfli Complexions in England : lb that Strangers much admired 
tlie Women, and fpoke often of the lelfangue de Grcci, or fair blood 
ot the Grecians. The Macedonians, who live in hilly Countries, arc 
ofa coarfer Complexion : and the Moreans ot Peloponnejians, who' live 
more South-ward, incline unto a fwarthinefs. 

Tiiey have always had the name of good Horfe-men, and the Coun- 
try ftiU abounds in good ;Horfes. They have alfo great Buffalo's 
cfleemed the largeft in Greece, except thofe of Santa Maura in Ep)- 
rus. There are alfo large and well-coloured Tortoifes, of a fine yel- 
low and black ; and efleemed very good meat. But the Turks laugh- 
ed at the Chrifl:ians, for feeding on fuch Food, where they might have 
Mutton, Pullets and Partridges. 

The Country produces very large, fair, and delicious Figs, Water- 
melons, the largeft and moft pleafant I have tafted ; which were very 
refrefhing unto us ; as alfo fair and delicate Pomegranates, Orainges, 
Limons and Citrons, Vines, which are low, like thofe about Mont- 
pelher, and not liipported ; but the Branches and Clufters great, and 
the Grapes as big as good Damaftns,and ofa delicious tafte. The Wine 
of the Country is rich, but much thereof hath a refinous tafle or tang of 
the Boracho. 

They plant Tabaco, and efteem it better, than what is brought 
from other Parts, as being more ftrong and pungent. The Fields are 
fprtad with Sefmum and Cotton Trees; but the Trees grow low, vet 
ma -e a fair ihow. The Country abounds in Almonds and Olives ;' and 
thu wrecks delight moft in tlie ripe Olive pickled, as we in the ^rctn. 

G ° The 






it t 

^Stfti infan*is 



//>e Vefcripion of LanlTa tf«^ ThcHal^. 

» > 

The Gonrdcs in the Hedges, with their large yellow Flowers, an J 
the many forts of green Thorns, and ever green Oaks, make the ways 

^ THr//<rx coccifera, and Chermes-berry, or the Excretion rcrving for 
dying, and making the Confedtion of ^/c/;^m^y grows plentifully in 
thcfc Countries • and with this ^^eus in old Time tinged the Sails, 
which he prcfcnted lo Thefeus upon his Voyage to Crete- ordering 
him, if he overcame the- Mimtaure, and returned tortunat- ly, to make 
ufe of thefe Sails beautifully coloured in token of Vi<aory. Upon the 
high HiUs grow Afclepias and Helkhonu ; m the ftony Plains air^fum 
srloiofus, Cyfius, Lavender, Marjoram, Rofemary, and other Iweet 
fmelling Plants. The Flatanus or Plain-tree grows moft .nir, large 
and well imtzd'm Macedoma, affording a retrclhmg Ihade j lo that it 
is lefs to be wondred at, that Hippocrates tound Democritus fitting un- 
de> a Plain-tree at AUera in Mace^oma. Some ot the feeds and tults 1 

brought with me into England. , , • /s • 

They ufe much Garlick in moft of their DiiBcs, and their Onions are 
extraordinary, as large as two or three fair ones with us, and ot a tar 
better tafte ; being lliarp, quick, and pleafantly pungent, and without 
any offenfive fmell. Though I were no lover of Onions before yet 
I found thete exceeding pleafant and comfortable to the Stomach. 1 liey 
are ufed at mofl Collations, and eaten with B ead in good quantity. 
I asked a Chhm, then with us, who had travelled through molt oi the 
Turkijl Dominions, whether he had any where met with fo good O- 
nions, as thefe of Thejfaly ; who anfwered me, that the Onions ot 
yEgypt were better, which was the firft time I fenfibly underftood the 
cxprelTion in Scripture, and ceafed to wonder,wby the IJraehtes lingred 
after the Onions of that Country. 

They have a Fruit which they call Pat/ejan or MeUnzan, between 
a Melon and a Cucumber ; out of which they make a very pleafant 
Difli, by taking out the middle or feeds of it, and filling it up with the 
meatofSawfages, and then pare it, and boy lit. . ^ » 

Of the Agents of foreign Countries, there attended on the Cratid 
Seignior, the Refidenc of the Emperor oi Germany ; the Ambaflador ot 
Ragufi; and another of Wullachia, which are Amballadors ot the Con- 
fines; 'the AmbafTadors for Trade, refiding zhoMi Conjtantinople^^nd 
not obliged to keep clofe unto the Sultan. Larip being tuU and pc- 
ftered with People, the Emperor's Refident defired ot the Sultan _ leave 
to abide in fome Neighbour Town ; who bade him to make choice ot 
anv Place, or any Houfe he liked ; which conceflion m.oved him to 
caft his Eye upon tomovo, a large and pleafant City of Theffaly, about 
ten Miles Weft-ward from lanfia, and feated near the Hills; 
where moft of the Inhabitants are Chriftians, there being only three 
Mefchea's, but eighteen Churches of the Creeks ; whereot the chiefefl, 
which I obferved, were thefe : the Cathedral Church ot St John, the 
Church of St. Demetrius, oiCoJmus and Damianm,c\ the Nativity of the 
blefled Virgin ; of St. Elias ( this is the Habit of their Monks. ) ^wf^ere 
there is alio an adjoyning Monaftery, feated on the fide ot the Hill ) 
o{Sx..AnaHafws, of the twelve Apoftles, of St. Is'icholas, {v,\ih a Cu<- 
vent alio, ) and of St. Anthony the Hermiite. The Bilhop hcreoi is under 
the Arch-bilhop of Lanfa. 



^ i (jr^Cc'iun - Usfik 


/>-V : 



The Defcriptio?i of Lanlla d7/J Thcflah'. 




V /^ 

And I could not but take notice how thefe Eallern Parts o£ Europe 
abounded with Chriftians of the Greek Church beyond my expedati- 
on, and fince they are thus to be found in many large Countries. In 
(Jrcccia^ and the Greek lllands, in the Turkifh Parts of Dalmatia and 
CroatiUj in Risfcia^ Bofniuy Servia^ thracia^ Sagorjy Eulguria^ Sirfia^ 
BejfarahiUj Cojfackia^ FoJoliay Moldavia and Wallachiay and the vaft 
Dominions of the Emperor of Rujfiay they muft needs make a notable 
part of Chriftendom, and put me more fenfibly in mind of an Expref- 
(ion of a learned Writer. If we fhouU collell an J put together all the ^ 
ChriHian Regions in Europe^ which are of the Gtct^k Commurtwrf^ and cn^Hincs. 
compare them with the Parts prof ejftng the Roman Religion m Europe, we 
(hould fiJid the Greek /^r to exceed. 

In the Wcflern Parts of Europe^ in many Churches the Fonts are 
flatcly, railed high from the Ground, and to be aicended unto by di- 
vers Steps; fometime^ covered with large Canopies, or with liigh Pa- 
vilioos handlbmly carved and adorned. But in the Greek Churches 

G i thr; 





u- 1 



The Vefcriptkii c/LariiTa ^;z^ ThefTaly- 

tbc Font or Bafon is generally made of plain Stone, and placed low 
uDon the Floor of the Church ; and this is more convenient for them, 
in their baptizing of Infants. For they put the Child into the Water, 
and are not contented with a mcer fprinklingupon the Forehead cht. 
Vy\t tiic Pried, a'^cr he hath blefled the Water, and dipped a Cruci- 
i:x into it three times, he -takes the naked Child by one Arm, and lets 
If into the Font up to the Wafl, and with his other Hand iaves the 
Wat-r thrice over its Head ; and this hath been their Way ot bapti- 
>:snj^formany hundred Years. Nor could that otherwife have happen- 
rd,\hich IS reported of the Emperor, C^;?/?^;/^'/;^^ the (ixth, Confianti- 
ml [.xtits^ didus Copronvmus^ quod Infans dam haptizaretur aquam Ja- 
cram ventri-s folutmte mactdaffet. The dipping of the naked Body m 
Water being apt to move it. I faw fome of their Children baptized be- 
foic the Navel Hring was fallen off. 

The Fickis about this Tlace are planted with Vines, Cotton and Se^ 
\jr>:uni. Tlie Empcrors Refident IllHjirifmo S ignore dt Cafa nova, was 
'well accommodated here with a tair Houfe, and had thirty nrks and 
Chriftian^ in his Family, and two Janizaries attending at the Gate, 
good humored and fair 'conditioned Men, as could be wilhed. The Re- 
tidcnt was a Milanefe by birth, a grave and fober Perfon, fomewhat 
melancholy, much addiifted to his Book and reading, but very civil 
and courteous. He dined and lupped alone by himfelf ; his Secreta- 
\\\ Interpreters, and others of his Family, had another Place of repaft, 
and ucre always well provided , and ferved after the Turkijh man- 

Tlie AmbalTador alio of /ijg^y^ made choice of the fame Town ,- and 

their ibliowers oiten met each other, and many courteous falutes paf- 
fcd between them ; but they were only by civil Meflagcs, for they ne- 
ver met, upon ^ punddio, which kept them afundcr ^ the Raguja 
AtnbalTa<inr protending a right to take the firfl place, he being in the 
iiualitv of an Amballador, the other but of a Refident ; although he 
^ were much dclpiled lor it by the Germans^ and his Mafters looked up- 
.M, hue ris Gentlemen of the Sette Band/ere, or Perfons that were 
and hnd been Subjeds and Tributaries under fevcn Mailers, orSove- 

rci^a Princes. 

I mull not forget Demetrius, a Greek Merchant Qitormuo, in whom 
I th')Ught I beheld the Humor of the old Greeks^ we were divers 
times entertained at his Houfe with much generofity, and hearty free- 
dom. He defired us toenjoy his Houfe freely, and to be merry after 
the Mode of our own Countries: and, as an eipecial favour, brought 
his two Daughcei-s to bid us welcome: and we took the liberty, alter 
the Cuftom of France, Holland and England, to falutc them ; they 
were li:ndfomly attired, after the manner of their Country ^ their 
Hair brayded and hanging down their back ; their Shooes or Slip- 
pers painted, their Nails coloured of a reddifh co-lour with Cnk or 
AlcMna ; the Leaves of which Plant, powdred and fleeped in Water 
and Wine, and layed a Night upon their Nails, leaves this Tindure, 
and is much ufed in Turkey ; wlfere fome delight alfo to colour the 
Mains and Tails of their Horfes. The Gru:cian% of Scio alfo, who 
wear Gloves ( it being a rare tiling to fee any facte ) do colour their 
Gl jves alio upon thole Parts which cover their Nails. Cfja is a great 
Commxoditv in the Turkijh Dominions, brought out of Arabia and 

• ^gypt 

^^ . 


The Defcription o/LarifTa ^//^ThefTak 


^gypt, and to be bought in every good Town or Fair. I brought 
a Pound of it Home \s ith me , which loft not its tincturing Qua- 
lity, ^ 

The Gr^vcian Countries, which I pafled, are extremely altered from 
that Stare, whereof we read in ancient Hirtory : as having luffercd 
Ipoiling Incurlions froai many Nations, and a fatal Conquell: by the 
Turks ; \A\Q utterly deftroycd many Towns and famous Places, and 
changed the Names of moil ; not leaving the old Appellations unto 
Rivers, which mofl laftingly maintain their ancient 1 paf- 
led moft of the great Rivers in Macedonia, the Axms, En^onus and 
Aliacmon^ which have now Names of no affinity unto themu The Ri- 
ver Peaeus, fo famous in the old Poets, hath loft its name , together 
with Aptdanus, Enipeus, and others, that run into it. The Turks call 
Lariffa^ Jeni-Saharyiind Tbefaly, Comenol'itaru 






*■ \ 


tr ■* 








IT is no unpleafant fight to behold a new Scene of the World, and 
unknown face of things, in Habits, Diet, Manners, Cuftoms and 
Language. A Man feems to take leave of our World, when he 
hath palled a Days journey from Rai> or Cemerra : and, before he 
comes to Buda, feems to enter upon a new Stage of the World, quite 
diflrrent from that of thefe Wellern Countries : tor he then bids adieu 
to Hair on the Head, Bands, Cuffs, Hats, Gloves, Beds, Beer: and en- 
ters upon Habits, Manners and courfe of life ; which with no great va- 
riety, but under fome conformity, exttnd unto Chtnj, and the utmoft 

Thouc^h we were pretty well fecurcd by Authority for fafe Travel, 
vet we were not without fear of the Hufiars, till we came to Effeck 
Bndae over the River Dr:ivt4s : for they are adlive Perfons ; and un- 
dcrftanding the Language, will boldly range about tor Booty as far 
as that noted Pafs ,• and, knowing all By-ways, will rob and fpoil whom 
they meet, efpecially the Turkish Subjects. 

Nor were wc without fear aMb of Gypfies, who are ftout and bold, 
and fome of them have been noted Robbers. There are many of them 
m HutiTaria, Sema, Bulgaria, Macedonia ; and fome I faw at Larijfa, 
and other Parts of Tkefialy. They are in moft Towns, and live by la- 
ht ur and ha ndy-cralt Trades ; many of them colour their Hands and 
teet'of a reddiih colour, with Cna, and think thole Parts fuffer Icfs 
from the Cold thereby. Some Gypiy Women colour the ends ot their 
Hair alfo. Though they be remotely difpc-fed, yet they are thought 
to have had their beginning about Wallachia, and the adjoining Parts, 
many of them are conceived to be Spies unto the Turk. A little be- 
fore I came to Leopnldjiadt, bv Freijhdt, a great drove of thcna appear- 
ed in thole Parts ; which the People (ufpcdkd to be Spies of the Fijier 
of Ruda, to t.'.ke notice of the Stare of thofe Parts, and how that Fort 



The Vefcription of LarilTa anJ Th eiTalv. 

Travelling from Bekjade into Servia, we were in (omc danger of 
being robbed : for we perceived tlirec Horfe-men to ride very fall af-' 
ter us- and, when rhev had over-taken us, they rode about us, wav- 
in'T their Lances, and difcharged their Piftols; but the Chiaus perceiv- 
ing them to be Spahies, Ihowed his Feather, and faid to me, difckarge 
one of your Pitlols at random, and let them know, v/e are not unarm- 
ed • at which thev went otl^ and we faw diem no more. 

CaravanfarS^.^C ban's, or Places of pnblick Lodging, built by Bene- 
faAors we liked not io wrll as private Houle!> ; and therefore, being 
but fevv in Company , leklom lodged in them , for they are wide 
Rooms, and we muil provide for our lelves therein ; and lometimes 
thev are dangcroullv leatcd, fo that it was not fit to adventure our lelves 
therein, for fear of' being rob' ed ; for tliougli Robberies be levcrely 
runiihe'd, yet are thev frequently commitrtd; and Gypfies are wdl ver- 
fed in that Trade ; and theref(^re, in order to t!ie fafety of Travellery, 
Drummers are appointed in dangerou, PalBges; and in Macedmh, in 
a narrow Pafs, 1 law an old Man beating a Drum upon the ridge of a 
Hill; whereby v,e had notice, that the l^ailage was clear and free fj-om 


We had the advantage of good Accommodation for Travel, for par- 

tinc^ from Comora, our Boat was towed by a Saick of twenty fbur 
Oa'rs ; HuH(iarians rowing upon one fide, and Germans on the other ; 
till we came to ■Vfotd\ the Frontier Town, where we had a Turkijh 
Convoy; vvho laftning our Boat to their Sakk with eighteen Oars, 
rowM "down the Da>wbe, we carrying the Eagle on our Flag, and the 
Turks the double Sword and Half-moon, and palTed by divers remark- 
able Places to Bucla, from whence we. had good Accommodation for 
Travel to Belgrade, by open Chariots, with two, three or four Horles 
on breaft ; which with great fpeed conveyed us through that pleafanc 
plain Country, and from thence through Servia, and other Provinces, 
we were furnilhed with \erv good Horfes, which would travel at a 
good rate tweinv Miles in a Stage, and were very lure of foot; where- 
of [ had '^ood experience, v\ lien in fome Parts we travelled over great 
Hills unequal and craggy Places, and over the bare Rocks. They 
are verv free, and thereiore the Owners ot the Horfes took acceptions 
at our Spurs, which are leldom ufed by them, and the Turks bd 
none but what we brought, and gave them. They are very tradable 
and tender m.outhed ; and when we mounted or alighted, would hand- 
fomlv apply themlclves to fuch Places ; a-d when we walked, lome 
of them would follow us without leading. They have a lighter and lef- 
fer Shcoe than our Horles ; and when they have ihod one foot, they 
take up the foot againft it, and letting the other upon a Block ot three 
inches high, they pare it. ^ r , ,- ^ . 

They have very good Horles in molt ot thefe Countrys, and very 
fleet, but thev never dock tiiem, but their Tails grow out at length, 
and ibmetimes thev handlbmlv make them up : and in their Journeys 
thev often alight from them, and Itrongly pull at their Fore-top or 
forehead-lock, and think that doth much refrelh them, wliich the 
Strangers who travel here call Croatian Provender. 

The BajLi of Icmelwar prelentcd Ba^o:zi with a Horfe, which Ra- 
•ft'i llif'htinii cut ofi'th.e Horle's fc'ars. Main and Tail, and lent him 
^■^ ^ ^ back 







. ! 


The Defcriptipn of LanlTa and ThefTal 

back again. This perhaps would have been thought an Ornament to 
an Horfe in England -. but the BaJ^a took it as luch an affront to h^ 
that ht never ceafed from ftirring up the Sultan, and other Princes a^ 
gainft him, and never forgave the Injury, but by the help of the Turk, 
Tartar, Emperor, Pols and Ragotzis own Country- men alfo he 
wrought at laft his Ruine. ' 

For their feeding, they make no high Mangers or Racks, to pull 
down thir Pood; but, obferving the Rule of Nature, lay their Hay low 
before them, and almoft even with the Ground ; which in long neck- 
ed Animals, may be the mod commodious wa}-, they are lodged hard, 
and often with little covering. At Lari(fa, where the Town was pe- 
flcrcd with Horfes and Camels : the Yards of the Houfes were full 
of them, and Places made at the bottom cf the Wall for their 

In Caravanfara's the Hones are tyed to a ringle, faflned unto the 
fide ot a long Place, a little elevated, upon which the Travellers take 
tlicir rell: ; and the Hay was laid a little below our feet, whereon the 
Horfes feed. 

They plow more with Oxen than Horfes, and efpecially with Buf- 
falo s ; and have great variety cf Ploughs and Carts ; fome whereof' I 
could not but take notice of in Macedonia, made with Wheels, not 
confiding of Spoaks, but of folid Wood, in the whole piece; whether 
fo contrived for ftrcngth, in thofe rocky Countries, where they mull 
llrike and force upon fuch inequalities, I cannot tell. 

We were furniflied with fmall things to oblige the People w here we 
palled : and in Houfes wfiere we cntred, many would welcome the 
Emperor's Courier, and ask him what he had brought for them. We 
pleated them with Sciflors, Knives ; and they would be content, if we 
gave a Glove to one, and the fellow to another. To the Women wc 
gave imd.\\ pieces of European Coines ; and I was much thanked bV 
a Bulgarian Woman, for a bright cinq fols piece, which fhe added to 
the drefs ot her Head, over her Fore-head, with other Coins flie had 
there before ; fome of tliem wearing Duckets of Gold, and Pearl, and 
Stones of value upon that Part, which make no unhandfom (how! 

Being only careful to keep our felves from Thieves, we expedted 
no fuch trouble, as we found from Wolves and Dogs, in our Journey 
about the Mountains in Servia ; and efpecially in large Woods, we 
were continually alarmed by Wolves, efpecially in the Night ; when 
they feldom cealed to howl in great numbers, and not far from us ; {o 
that wc were forced to be folicitous in our Guard, and to keep c'jofe 
together. And as the Wolves were troublefome. To alfo the great 
number of Dogs in thofe Parts were very offenfive to us. As foon as 
we came near any Town, or left it. they came out, running at us, 
barking and biting the Horfes legs, and in Houfes would be bcrking' 
and fnarling, fo that without a Cudgel it was not fafe going into the 
Yard. And it leeras impoflible, that thefe Towns fhould be furpnzed 
by the moft filent Enemy , without having good notice thereof by 
Dogs : and lure, they are kept to this intent. For as foon as the Sun 
fets tiiey Liegin to bark ^and ceafe not till the Morning. The Town 
of St. Maloi m France is alfo guarded fomewhat after this manner, where 
they turn the Dogs out of the Town at Night, and are as fccure there- 

Vefcription of LarilTa tf/zi/ThclTaly, 

by, as if they had an army of Watchmen to guard them. Some liich 
trouble from Dogs I remembred, that I had met with at tke rtrong 
Town oi' Aumara,'''Ahen I came into the Town about Midnight, which 
was lb lull of Dogs fiercely barking and running upon us, that to fav- 
our lelves, we were fain to take flicker in the Cvrps de guard, till a lodg- 
ing was provided for us. 

I could not but pity the poor Chrift.ans, feeing un.Icr what fear 
they lived in thole Parts; when I obfer\ed them to make a way, a-. 
foon as they perceived us coming towards them. In Alacc4onia the 
Men and Women would betak -• themfeh es into the Woods to avoid 
us ; and we took the pains fometimes to ride after them, to undeceive 
them of their fclfy and necdlefs Frights. 

But tliat which moved me moft, was the pitiful Sjjedacle of Cap- 
tives and Slaves, which are often met with in thofe Countries ; toge- 
ther with the variety of their hard Fates and Accounts, how they tell 
into that Condition ; fome by Treachery, fome hy Chance of War ; 
others by Plagiary and Man-flealing Tartars, who plentifully furnifh 
the Turkilh Dominion ; Ibme fixed to one Maftcr, other > having been 
fold unto many, and at diflant Places. But their Condition is mofl 
ikfperate, who are Slaves to the Court, and belong to the Grand Sei- 
irnior: for they ure never to be reJeemed. Of which kind I met with 
one at Eyihugia in Macedonia , attending at the Poft-houfe ; who 
though he had no hard Office, yet was extremely dejedled upon this 
mistbrtune of Non-rt-demption. 

In Thefaly alfc I met with one Sigifmund, who had been a Slave to 
feveral Perlbns, and in feveral Countries. He was an Ilmgarun, bora 
at Gran, and taken at the Battle of Barachan, under Count forchatz, 
in the lafl Wars; firft ferved a Turk, then fold to a Jew, who proved a 
hard Mailer, then to an Armenian; under whom he fo well acquitted 
himlclf, that his Mailer gave him his freeLbm, and he made a Ihift to 
tome to Ear ! fa, where tlie Emperor's Refidcnt entertained him. I was 
very much pleated with his Converfition, being a worthy, honed and 
aoo'd natured Man ; and had maintained his Chriftianity in his feveral 
Fortunes. He fpoke Uunianan, Sclwvoftian, Turkijl, /Armenian arA La- 
tin : fhew'd me the Draughts of many Monaderics, Abbies, Mojcheas, 
and coofiderable BuiUiings in Armenia-, Terfia and Turkey : and I hope 
by this time he is in his own Country. , , _ . 

The Turks, who are well acquainted with the Captives of feveral Na- 
tions, make obfervations of them : fo they fay, a RuiHan is bed for the 
Oar,'a Gcorj^un makes a good Courtier, and an Alhunun, a good Cnun- 
fellor. A Turk in our company, obferving a Georgian Captive much 
dejecicd at his Condition, encourag-'d him, and bid him be of good 
cheer ; telling luin he might come to be a great Man, and one ot the 

bed in Turky. ^r ■ 

The tird time I went to have a flglit of the Grand Seig>i/rr, nrrr.u>tA 
Ckiaus made no great hade forward, and when I asked Iiim tlw reafon, 
he replied, I take no great pleafure to be too near him : and afterwards 
when he talked of tome iij/j'j-,who had been drangled, and I added, 
that in this relpccl he lived more Imppily than any Balii : he laid , 
fuch things mud be patiently put up, all our Lives are in th? Su/ra>/ 1 
hands : m your pettv Kingdoms and States, Men are Tryed and O^nvi- 

H ^^'^ 







' r 

50 The Vefcripticn cf L^nd^i ^;;^ Thcl?alv, 

<5ted, but our great Empire cannot be fo maintained, and if the S^Itirn 
fiiould now fend for my Head 1 muft be content to lay it C( v p ] ^n- 
ently, not asking wherefor^: and I remember his Words were that in 
this Country we mufl have, patienzafin a perJer la tcjla^ e pot pa len- 
za y patience even to the lofs of our Heads, and patience alter 

We had frequent Memento's of Mortality, by Graves and Scpu'- 
chres, as w^c pafled ; efpecially near Belgrade. For the Turks arc com- 
monly buried by the High-ways : yet their Tombs are not ordinarily 
fplendid, confiding only of a Stone ered:ed at the Head and at the 
Feet : yet ibmefet up Stones of two, three or four }ards high. SV.-rae 
have a Turbant carved upon the Stone , at the Head ; and otlier^ 
fet up two Pillars of Stone; fome proceed farther, and raiic 
the Sepulchre?, as with us, and afterwards place two PilJars upon 
them, one at the Head, and another at the Feet. At Sc(p/a I Jaw 
fair ones, after this manner, and two Sepulchres m one o[~ tlum : Lut 
thebeftway I obferved in the fe Parts, is by building a Pa\illion lup- 
ported by four Pillars. As we traveled to the South from Jagodn.i in 
Servia^ I faw upon the fide of a Hill, a large Turkt/h Tomb, about 
four yards long, and a fquare place covered by it, m !uc!i the Chiaus 
told me was the Tomb of one ot their Saints, and accordrnglypcrtbrm- 
ed his Devotions at it, and at other Places : on Thurfday Nights and 
Friday's, I obferved the Women to vifit the Sepulchres, and pay thesr 
Devotions at the Tombs of their dead Friends. 

This Gigantick Saint that lay buried here, was certainly a fit Man 
in his time to wield the holy Club, with which the Turk does propo- 
gate his Religion and Dominion, and if he were as long as his Tcmb, 
he w*as as formidable a Perfon as any of the Patagnman Grants painted 
upon the Southern Part of divers Maps of America with long Arrou s 
in their Throats. I mulb confefs it Icems flrange to me that the Sta- 
ture of Man ihould be extended to that height, Mr. IVoorl^ an ingeni- 
ous Perfon, who hath made very fair and accurate Maps of the Stre ghts 
oi Magellan^ the Iflands therein, and thcCoail from the River of //.//^ 
to Baldrjia^ in the South-fea, told me that he had feen divers Graves 
in the Southern Parts o{ America near four yards long, which lurpri- 
zed him the more, becaufe he had never feen any American that was 
two yards high, and theretbre he opened one of thefe long Sepulchres 
from one end ro the other, and found in it a Man and a v\ oman, fo 
placed, that the Womans head lay at the Mans feet, and lb might rea- 
Ibnably require a Tomb of near that length. 

But to return into the rode for our diverfion, we fometimes met 
.\i\^\Turki[l) Fairs, which are ordinarily kept in fome large ground, 
enclofed and divided into Streets and Pafles, according to the variety 
of Commodities to be fold, where a Man may recreate him-itlt with 
multiplicity of Fripperies, and things different from thofe of our Parti, 
and cannot want variety of Mufick ; which, though but mean, proved 
fome diverfion unto us. The lirft Fair we met with, uas at Lefcoa or 
Lejcovia^ upon the River Lipenzza in Servia. 

It was no fmall comJort to us, to find the Country fo free from tlie 
Plague, wluch we only met with at Prejiimi^ a large Town on part of 
the Plains otC^Z/t'rj, when wc came into that Place, we were enter- 
tained m a very good Houfe^and brouglit into a large Room, v\ eii ac- 


A Journey from Vienna to Larilla. 

commodated with Carpets and other Ornaments ; where we found a 
Turk lying fick of the league. The Chiam^ after the Turkijh Humor, 
made nothing of it ; but fome others were not fo contented ; and there- 
fore we removed and travelled in the Night, till we came to a Gyp- 
/ies Houle amongft the Hills, where we were well accommoda- 

The Turks were much pleafed to fee me write; when I came into a- 
ny Houfc, I pulled out my Paper-book tofttdown what I oblcrved ; 
which when they perceived, thev would come about me, taking no- 
tice of the Paper, and binding of the Book, wondring to fee me write 
fo fad, and with fuch a Pen, which was made of a Gooie QuUl, they 
ufually writing with a hard Reed,cut like our Pens. Many carry about 
them an handfome brals Ink-horn, which they hang by their fides ; 
their Ink is good. Paper Irnooth and poliihed ; whereon they will write 
very fairly, as I ha\'e to (how in t\\Q Sultans Pals, which I brought home 
with me. 

When I found occafion, I ufed to look upon fome Maps, which I 
carried with me: whereat Ofman Chiaus fmiJcd, laying, there is no de- 
pending upon Maps ; they let down only great Towns, and often taile- 
ly. Chiaufes are able to make the bell Maps, who pals their Days 
in travelling Countries ; and take notice of all Places, and know their 
Turktjh Names ; and in many particulars I found fome truth in his 
Words ; for the Maps of Hungary are not exad: ; thole oiServia^ Bul- 
garia^ Maceionia and Thejfaly very imperfed:. In upper Hungary, 
many Towns are omitted, many ill- placed ; in the lower alfo not a 
few. The Danuh leerrfs to fetch about too much to the South-well, 
before the Tibifcm enters into it. In Servta^ Hijfargick is placed too 
£ir from the Danule, which runnes by it. I find no mention of Pro' 
cupia or Vrchoop, o^ Lefcoa or Lefcovia, confiderable Towns ; the laft 
upon the winding River Ltperizza: not di Kaplanly or Tigres Town, 
in Macedonia; not o( A'upruly or Bridge-Town; not of Vrama^Pyrlipey 
Comonava^ Eccijfe Verbeni; nor of the Lake Petriski and OJlrova, not 
far from it; nor oi Egrihugta, Sariggiole, Sarvizza; nor ot the River 
Injecora near it ; nor of Ale If on, nor Tornova in Thejfaly, a handlbme 
confiderable City. And he tloat travels in Macedonia, will never be a- 
ble to reconcile the Pofitions of Rivers and Towns to their ufua] De- 
Icriptions in Maps, although not long ago there have been large om^s 
publilhed of Greece, 

I took great pleaiiire to converfe with Chiaufes, efpecially if they 
were of any years ; for they fpeak divers Languages, and have feen 
much of the World ; are commonly good Company, and able to give 
account of many things. OJmjn Chiaus, who travelled with us, was a- 
bout fifty years of Age, fpake Turkijh, Sclavonian and Italian : a llouc 
and faithful honeft Perlbn, very cleanly and neat .• he told me he had 
travellf^d the greatelt part of Turky, and growing old feated hunlelf 
in Buda, as a Chuus to the ri/ier ; whicli place pleated him better 
than any .1 Turky: he took a civil farewel of mc at 5/^^j, bringing me 
out o\ the Gates, and with many a Dias willied me a happy retura 
into rry\ Countrv;and indeed, in all my Journey I met with tair carnage, 
^nd civil ulage ; when I came Into any Room where the Turks w ere 
fitting they wouki lalute me, and couchini^ my hand, require mc to 

H i ^ Ik 



'■.VLPVWT ■'"'■'■■ 

i'i ■ 



' t 

i L ii)J.''aal 

7/;e Defcription o/LanfTa tfw^ThclTalv. 

fitdovtn with them, then offer me O^^*^, and Ibmetimes Tahaco, and 
at Meals invite me to eat heartily; only in fome places, the Boys, and 
meaner fort of People would calJ me Safhlu gaur, or haired Infidel. 
And a Jew at Larijfa, whom I had employed to buy ibme httle things 
for me ; and I faying, they were too dear, gave me feme ill Language, 
which fodifpleafed fome that were by, that if the Cran/^ Se-gmor had 
not been in perfon in the Town, they would have taught him other 

manners. rr i a 

The Turks took much Tabaco in the Countries which I palled, and 
many carried little bags thereof by their fides, which they take in pipes 
of an ell long, made of an hard reed, and an earthen head at the end, 
laying one end on the ground, and holding the other in their mouthes. 
I did feldom take any ; but to comply with their kinJncfs, I u oulJ not 
rcfufe it ; and by reafon of the length of the pipe, it was cool, and lefs 
diilurbing ; they take it alfo often in fnuff. Seignior Gahriel^ the Empe- 
ror's Courier would tell them many ftories and while he was fpcaking^ 
they would come about him, and liften very attentively : and he would 
pull out his fnuff box, and put fnuff powder into theu- nofes, which 
tliey would take very kindly. They would be always gazing upon 
the Emperor's Armes cut in a Stone, which he wore upon his breaft ; 
whereupon he would take occafion to magnifie the Emperor, defcnbe 
the multitude of Provinces fubjed: unto him ; and any thing that might 
confer unto his honour, whereof they would take great notice. 

I liked well the ncatnels and cleanlinefs of the Turks^ which we con- 
verfed with, and their wafliing of their feet, hands, and faces, though 
they had fome purifying conceit thereof; while we travelled, the 
Chiam^ at the fight of a Spring, or clear water, would often alight, 
and wafli himfelf ; and every morning was very curious in winding 
up his Turbant, and combing of his beard ; and would ask me, whe- 
ther it were well done. When they go to the houfe of office , 
they carry a pitcher of water with them; they affcd: privacy 
when they make water ; which they perform, retting upon one knee, 
and ftretching out the other leg. Walking in Larifa with the Chtaus, 
the Streets being narrow, and full of people, and remembring the fad 
fate of Vincent k Blanc, who loft his liberty, befides other misibrtuncs, 
for piffing over a Turktjh Saints head, who lay interred in a place, he 
little fufpcded \ I asked him, where I might make water without of- 
fence,who anfwered me grumblingly at fir(l,but afterwards direded me 
to a place, and flood at a little diftance, to fecure mc from any afifont. 
And at another time while I travelled in an o^nCdefcbe or Chariot 
by Moon-light, I made water over one fide thereof, to avoid being 
troublefomc to the reft in ingaging them to ftay for me till I alighted 
and wentafidc or retard their journey in the night ; but one who layed 
down by my feet took notice of it to me with a great deal of regret, and 
and though out of the rcfpe<a he profefTed to bear me, he was rcfolved 
not to divulge it. Yet he wondered I would venture the lofs of my 
credit in fuch a matter. 

Some experience we had in our return of the Turkifh Juftice, at £- 
qrilngia, in Macedonia ; for travelling irom Sanggiole over high Rocks, 
we met with a Turktjh Aga before our arrival ; who, having a nume- 
rous train, had taken up all the Horles at Egrihugia ; lo that we could 
not be readily fupplied ; and therefore intended to ndc our Horfes 



The Defcripion o/Larifla ^WThciTalr. 

another Stage, the way laying now in the Pliin, and our Horfes rtrong 
and able , wc fct foru'ard on rhc lame Horfes ; but before we were 
got out of the Town, wc were flopped, and carried betorc the Cun/r, 
by the PolVmafter; \\hoalla1ged ngainft us, that we were injuricus 
unro him, in that we paiTcd by, without taking Horfes at his Houfe ; 
he being allowed by the GrjnJ Seignior, whole Servant he is, lo much 
for every Horle he provides ; and that none was to provide Horfes -n 
that place, but himfelf ; fo that he was damnified and had no prcft 
coming unro him. ; 

The r^/ir/i/.' tlierefore confidcring of the bufinefs, and fitting cro(^;- 
h^ipd upon his Carper, and lenning his elbow upon four or five Folio 
Books, which he had bv him ; comn^anded his Servants to fill every 
one a diih of Cofee. The Chium, in our defence, urged, that we had 
bufinefs of concern; thatweliad i\\^cbAymacham\ Letters; and were 
emplo}'cd trom the Grank Seigriicr to tlic Emperor of Germany \ that he 
Inmfclf was a Chiaus to thc/^/,/^r oi Buda, u hither he was tocondu\lt 
us, and tha.t no man could or ought to ftop him • whereupon the Cu- 
dih faid, the Chiaiu m.uft not be hindred in his journey, nor the Poll- 
mailer be unconfidered ; and fo prelcntly called for the Poft-maflcrs 
Book, and vvi:h his pen, made of a reed, fet down a Sultani^ie to be al- 
lowed him in his accounts to the Tefrerdur, and bade us good morrow, 
and willicd us a good journey. 

In the £.'V/-^Of J// Tz/ry^i/Z^ Dominions, which I pafled, I could not but 
take notice of »:hc great number of Chrillians ; for, excepting great Ci- 
ties, or where the Sou^Jiery refide, they are generally all Chnftians ; 
whereof the g-eat body is of the Greek Church, who live patiently un- 
der the Turktjk toleration. If there iliould happen any confiderablc 
commotion among the Turktlh powers ; it is highly probable, they 
would fit ftili, and be little active; ar^d if any Forces of the Latme 
Church ihould attempt the Conquefls of thcfe parts, in all probability 
they would find very little alliflance from them, and I fear they would 
rather adhere unto their Turkijh Mafters. 

Though Aug4Jhis thouglit it a point of wifdom, to put lome limit 
unto the Roman Empire, yet I do not find the Turks are of his iudg- 
menr, but ftill endeavour to enlarge their Dominions, and when Iconfi- 
der that people, their hardy education, fober courfe of life, and obe- 
dience to their Superiors ; that no Bafacan eafily intend a revolt, Lut 
fome others will difcover him, in hope to obtain his place,cr fome great 
preferment ; and that they fo puntSually obfcrve the duty of their 
Charges; I am apt to think, or fear, if he, who puts bounds to the 
Sea, and faith hither thou flialt come and no further, doth not, out of 
his great mercy, put a Hop to their further incurfions, they may pro- 
bably obtain and conferve a tar larger Empire, and even all ^Europe, un- 
to the VVeflern Ocean. 

Certain it is that they are unfatisned with their prefcnt bounds and 
look beyond Ilungana, and I have heard them lay, we muft in due 
time come to Beutch, for \o they call Vienna, and try our fortunes 

At this day the Star and Half moon are above the Crofs, upon the 
Steeple of the Cathciiral Church of St. Stephen, in the Emperor of Crr- 
ma}tv\\s\xx\\>Qv\^\QiX.y o\ Vic^fna : and it grieved me to lee in all chc 
Coniincs a lort of Crofs which our H-raiUs do net dream of, v\Iuch is 



i* . 




A Journey fromY'icm^i to Jvariila. 

a Crofe Lunated after this manner, U hereby the Inhabitants as they te- 
tifie tiieir Cbriftlanity, lb they acknowledge the Turkijh^cv^^T. 


. L 

• liJ 

A Crof> u'lth Half-mootT^ fet over the Churches m the Country 
wliich pa'^ cth contribution to the Turks in Hungary, , , ^, , 

The Star ai:d Hilt-mcon upon the Steeple oi St. Stephens Churck 

at yiC'in.u 

i> ■ .1 

' 1 ii 



't' 'Vh 


• i 




K O M A R A 

O R 

G O M O R A; 


M I N E - T O VV N S 




BEING at Kontara, and having fatisfied my curiofity as far that 
wav as the Chriftian Dominions extended. I purfued my in- 
tention of feeing the Copper, Silver and Gold Mines in Hun- 
crary - and being unwilling to return again to Preshurg fo tar 
about to^pt' into the road towards them ; I attempted a nearer paflage, 
althouahl'iere he few who go that way. And therefore I travelled 
alontJ the North ihoar of the Illand of Schut, till I came to the Con- 
fluence of the River VVjag and Damhe, and then pafled over to a For- 
tification railed fince thelaft War, called Gutta ; it lies in a Manih 
around between a branch of the Damh, the ff^^jg, and the Swartz, 
vv-h-p a mile of Newbeujel ; which ^\e plainly faw h'om the Steeple ot 
tbc Church at Gutta, and could diftingulih the buildings within it; as 
tlic B ilfJs Pala c formerlv belonging to the Arch Biihop ot Freslurg-, 
The C'lurch in tlie middle of the Town; the Tower to the Jf^oske,ind 
othc'-s Bit this nearnefsto Seivbenjel rroved not only dangerous, 
but .:•. ftiuarive to it in the beginning of the year 1685. after that the 
Ti'rks had lent great Kecruits from Bu(/.rAor the Count ot Zal>or having 
burnc the SubuK^s of JSlewkeufd and taken fcveral Pnfoners ; the Turks 
to rcvcniic it made an cicurfion, and burnt the Town ot Gnttj, and 
^ p«c 




■v ,• 


. ii. 

I f. 


A Journey from Kom:in to the Mine-TowJis in Hungary. 

put all the Inhabitants to the Sword. Their Boats here ire of one piece 
ofwood,in which notwithftanchnsthey venture themlehes.and pals the 
greateft Rivers with them; in mts Fort were i^o men commanded 
by Captain Matthias Fruhvcurdt. ..From hence by Forchatzw^Q^mQ 
to Schella^ where tjiere i$ another Fort built to hinder the Turks from 
pafTing the River Waag^ for hereabouts the TJtJrs broke over, burned 
and ruined the whole Country about in the late war, in iuch manner, 
that it remains ftill defolate ; at half a miles diftance from this place is 
a hole in the Earth which burns like Solfaterra by l^aples. From hence 
wc went to 5ci7/«/.^ a large Fort and built long fmce to command the 
River and the Country about. There is a Tower in the middle, four 
Baftions and many good pieces of Cannon. At the entrance there 
hanges a great Rib, a Thigh-bone and a Tooth, which I judged to be 
of an Elephant, having feen the Skeleton of one : and alfo iuch bones 
asthefe hang up before the Emperor's Houfe at La-xjmhourg ; thole 
bearing the name of the bones of a great Heathen Virgin ; and thefe 
of a Gyant. We came afterwards to Leopoljladt ; a noble r^u^ar For- 
tification with fix Baftions, where the Young Count de Sonchei com- 
manded, to whom I delivered Letters, and received many favours from 
him. Afterwards I pailed the River and came to Fretjia'^ a large fair 
Town but lately burned by the Turk, Count Fcrchatz harh a handlbme 
Caftle here, anJ a large Houfe in the Town, whereof I took the 


The Lutheransh^AzXh a School or College here, but ruined with 
the reft of the Buildings. They arc Tributaries to the r«r/f, paying 
yearly eight Hungarifche^ almoft four pence of our money, for every 
head, whether of Man, Woman, Children, Sheep, Oxen, or Ffcrfes. 
The Children are educated to hardfhip, and the Women feldom marry 
twice. They bathe much, and ufe fweating naked in Stoves, holding 
their feet in warm water. They ufe Cupping-glalles alio very mucli 
and fcarifications. In the Convent of the Franctjcans were onely 
twelve Friars left ; and the Roman Chriftians in thefe parts have few 
other Priefts but Monks. 

Two Hungarian miles from Fr'ieflat lies Banca^ where in a low 
ground near the River are fifteen Baths ; into three of which the River- 
water is now entred,the River Waag continually wearing out its banks 
by reafon of its rapid courfe. Twenty years fince there were alfo hot 
Baths on the other fide of the River, but are now covered with the 
cold ftream. Thefe Baths leave a white fedimtnt in all places, and 
tinge Copper and Silver immediately as black as Ink : Hard by thefe 
Baths is a Quarry of Stone, and fome Veins cf Chalk, which were ve- 
ry pleafing to behold, the Chalk being of all colours except green, and 
the colours fo finely mixed, as a pamting or marble Paper doth not 
equal it. 

We being here upon the i8 oi March, and the weather very cold, 
had no thoughts of bathing in fo open a place ; though in lome of 
them we faw Women and Cljildren ; and the //w/^r who drove our 
Chariot hither, after we had fuppcd, ^'cnt out, and in a vei y hard froft 
pulled offhis clothes in tke open Meadow atnudnight,and bathed him- 
fcif in one of thole Baths. 






7> ^ 

n . 



7 • 


> ^ 

L rcatui/i 



^ $ 




* ^ 

!^ ■ 

I" li* 



Mirch the zi. Graf Souche^ lent us Gerry:an Mufqueteers to convoy 
us through the Contriburion Ci)untry, and defend us in our travels ; wc 
piifTed bv /?//>7/r/% and a Callle it Docatzi, belonging to Baron Berrnr:^ 
and came at night to Trpoickmvi\xm rlie River N/tra, where the Town 
with the Church were burnt in the lull war, and had not well recover- 
ed it iMf again. A mile from hence at Be///iz are aJlb hot Baths. The 
next day bvC/^/'/%thc fnhabitnnts of which place were all carried a- 
way Captives in the laft Wars ; and through a great wood by Hacl> 
ir.yc", where the hihabitants were moll Gernja^^s, We came to Semo- 
ir.'/r fcatcd upon the River Crj;?, where is a CalUe upon a Rock, but 
the Town is Tributary to the 7//r/'i, and they often vifit it. Ahrchz^. 
We palled the River Gran early in the Morning, and came among tlie 
Hills xoFfcdrytz, bv which Toun runs a Iwitt ftream very lervi- 
ccal>lc totliem, which helps to move their Engmcs enipKn-ed in the 
pounding, walhing and melting of the vSiivcr-ore. We tra\elleu over 
a Mounnin called Hell, and canrte to Schcnivitz, the grenteit of the 
Mine-tow ns in fti^ngary : and where great quantity of Silv cr-ore is e\ e- 
rv day di^^ged. The Town is well built, hath three fair Churclics in 
it, tlicgreaten: part of the Inhabitants are [.utherans. There are alfo 
three Caftlcs here ; the old Caflle in the Town, w here there is Wind- 
Mufick at fix every morning, and at twelve, and at fix at night. %. 
ThcNew-Caftlc, iouilt by a Lady, who removed the Gibbet from this 
Hill, and left a fair building in lieu of it. The third is on a high peak, 
where there is a continual watch kept co dilcover the approach of the 
Turks, who immediately give notice of it by the Ihooting ofFa Culve- 
rin. The Streets lie up and down Hill, the Country hereabouts being 

all very uneven. • i j 

The''re are very many Mines here, and many adventurers are induced 
to try their fortunes bv the good fuccefslo many have had : tor if they 
find d Vein of Ore in anv realbnible time, before they have quite Ipenc 
their Stocks in digging, the\- may probably expect great profit. 

Thcfe M-ncs amongft others are very remarkable; the Windjchacht' 
Miyfe, the Tr/nitv, that of St. Bc-.terUa, St. Joh>f, Muthnis, and one 
called t!ic 'd\ree vr/;?^^; but the chieieft and moft wrought arc thole 
oilfhu/fchch and'Tri^ify, Tr'imty-Mir.e is (eventy fathoms deep, 
built and kept open with under-work at a great expence, much o{ this 
Mine bein'-^ in an earthy foil. The Oe of it is much efteemed. and 


IS commcniv ot'a black colour covered \\\i\\ a white Earth or Clay , 
fothat the llrcams where tliey work it bccoiT!e milky and whitiih,and 
is that lulftancc I luppofe which is called Lac Lmrcc, ok the Milk of the 
Moon or Silver. Divers Veins m this Mine lie North, and other rich 
Veins run to the North- Eaft. When two Veins crols one another they 
efteem it fortunate ; lb that all Veins of Ore keep not the lame point 
even in the fame Mine, wliich would he an help to difcover them; but 
thev have-no certain wav to know either which way they run,or where 
they arc, till b\' induftrious pcrlcvenng in the labour of the Mines they 
are at lart found out. They ufe not the rirgula dnma, or forked 
Hazel-ftick to dired them, havini2; no opinion o? it (as 1 obfervcd they 
had at the Silver Mine at Fnlwi in Mifnia, where \ alio learned the ulc 
thereoO but dig alwavcs as the Adventurers defire. Tliey Ihew'd me 
one place, which thev' had digged ftreight on fix years, when the Ore 
was but two fathom.s diftant from the place where they Hri); began : 

I and 


A Journey from Komara to the MineTowns in Hungar}'. 5 y 

% ^ 





m '' 




58 A Journey from Komara to the Mine-Tmn^ in Hungarv, 



' M 


and in another place they digged twelve years outright, and at !a(l 
found a Vein which in a fliort time paid their charges, i viasin many 
parts of this Mine, and went fo far, that at length I i^iTcd quite under a 
Hill, and came out on the other fide. 

In Wi^ielfchacht'MiPte wherein I alfo defcendcd as far as rlie water 
would then permit me, defc.nding thrice almotli^erpcndicularly about 
three hundred krge Heps or Hairs of a Ladder. 1 oLfeiA td a brgc 
Wheel deep in tlie Earth, of twelve yards Diameter; turned about by 
the tall of fubtcrrancous Waters. This W' heel moves Engines uhich 
pump out the water from the bottom of the Mine, up to tlie cavity 
wherein this V\hecl is placed. The water which moves this Whttl 
falls no lower into the Mine, but paiTes away through a Cunicum 
made on purpofe, through whih both thi^ and the other water pump- 
ed from the deepelb parts of the Mine, do run out together at the foot 
ofjin Hill. Befidesthis Wheel there is another above ground which 
lies Horizontally, drawn about cofttinually by twelve Horfcs, which 
ierves alfo to pump out much of the water ot this Mine ; about all the 
Works w hereof, I was mformed that there w ere no lefs than two thou- 
fand men employed. 

In fome places of the Mine it is very cold, and in others fo hot, that 
to refreih my fclf I was conflraincd to go with my breaft naked ; al- 
though I had only linen Cloths on. Where they work it is always 
hot, lo that they labour naked for eiglit hours if they areablc,and then 
reft eight hours more. 

In this Mine they fliewed me a place where five men and a Perfon 
of quality v. ere dellroyed by a Damp, for w hich reafon they have now 
placed a Tube there, the like they place over all doors, and over all 
ways w here they dig right en for a great fpace, and have no pallage 
througli ; u hereby the air is let in, let out, or carried round, and the 
Miners under-ground ventilated with it. 

The blackilh Ore is elleemed the beft ; much of it hath a mixture 
ofa Ihiningyellowfubflance or i^iiiz-f/^^/zf, which if it be not in too 
great a quantity is not unw clcome, by reafon that it difpofes the Ore 
to fluidity, or renders it more cafie to be melted ; but it it be in too 
great a proportion, they are of opinion, that it preys upon the Silver in 
the Muie; and in the Furnace carries it away while it melts, by 
over-volatilizing it ; and therefore they term it a Robber, as a fubftsnce 
which fpoyls and takes away therichnefsofthe Ore. 

There is otten found a red fubftance which grows to the Ore called 
r/^»i//dr of Silver, which being grinded with Oyl makes a Vermilion 
equal tOf if not furpalling the Cmnalur made by (ublimation. 

There are alfo found in thcfe Mines, CnjUls, Awetkyjis^ and Ame^ 
thyjiinc mixtures in the clefts of the Rocks, and fometimes nigh or 
joynedtothe Ore; as alfo Vitriol naturally cryftalliz'd in the Earth in 
divers of thde Mines; and particularly in a Mine in Faradije HiII; 
which then belonged to Mr. Jacohus Schwdoda^ an Apcihecary, at 
w hofe houfe I lodged, and w hoprcltnted miC with many curious Mine- 

And as there is great variety in the Silver-Ore, as to its mixtures with 
E,irth, Stones, Mufchajtte^ Cinnabar, Vitriol^iSc, So alfo in its richnefs; 
lome holding a great proportion oi Silver in reipedt of others. An hun- 
dred pound we^ht of Ore lomttimes Jields Ut ball' an yunce cr an 






A JouY7iey from Komara to the Mine-Toxvm in Hungary . 

otSdver ; fometuncs two ounces, three, four, five, and unto twentv 
ounces ; what is richer is very rare, yet fome hath I ecn lound to hold 
halt Silver, and [have feen oi it fo rich, as to be cut with a knife. 

A Specimen oi each fort of Ore which they di<^ out of the Mines is 
carried up ^n its firft being difcovered to an Oificer called the /V^i/^- 
rer, who is to prove and judge of its richnels ; which he doth in this 
manner. Otall lorts of Ores he takes the fame quantity, the O.'cs 
being firlT: dr\ed, burned, and pounded, he gives an equal proportion 
ot lead to all, melts and puriries them, and then bv exad Scales 
rakes notice ct the proportion between the Ore and zMetal contained in 
It, and reports it to thole employed in the great melting Furnaces; who 
accordinj^ly add or dimmiih the quantities of thofe lubftances which 
arc to be mixed with the Ores to melt them in the melting Furnace ; 
as for example, to an hundred centen or ten thoufand pound weight of 
SiKcr-Ore, which holds above two ounces and an half of Silver in an 
hundred pounds weight, they add forty centen ot Leich, w hich is Ore- 
pounded and wailed ; two hundred centen of fron-Stone, which is not 
Iron-Ore, but a .Stone found m thole Hills, of which the liver colour- 
ed is the beft. A q antity of //f, or a fort oiPyntes, according as die 
Ore is niixed witli Mufchafite^ and of Slacken'..^ much as thev pleaie- 
Thislall is the \cx\i:s or cake taken off Irom the top of the Pan intc* 
which the Met-Is run, and is a lubftance made out of the former men- 
tioned, bv fufion. 

Whatfocver is n:.eltcd in the melting Furnace, is let out througli an 
hole at the bottom thereof into the pan, w hich is placed in the Earth 
before it; and thus expofed, it immediately acquires an hard Icum, drofs, 
leaf or cake, which being continually taken away, the Metal remain- 
ing becomes purer ; to which is added lead which carrieth all the Sil- 
ver down to the bottom with it, and after IbmiC time the \x\t\t^i\ Metal 
is taken out ; then being again m.elted in the driving i urnace, the 
lead or what eife remains mixt With the Silver is driven oti'bythe 
blowingof two great bellows; and runs over fron the melted Silver 
in form or Litharge. That which hrll comes over, is the white and 
that which comes lad, being longer in the fire, is the red, not that it is 
Litharge of Gold, both being driven ort' from thef;me Metal. 

Moft or the 5t/>w^///:j Silver-Ore holds lome Gold which thev fcpa 
rate by melting the Silver, then granulating it, and afterwards by dil- 
folving it in Aquj jortts made out of a peculiar Vitriol prepared at 
Chremnitz^ wkereby the Gold is lett at the bottom and is afterwards 
melted; the /if/z-ru /i^rm is diilillcd from the Silver, and ierves a-^ain 
for ule. But it would be too tedious to delcribc all the works of thele 
Mines w hich do well dcferve as accurate Deforiptions as thofe of Mif 
itia^ and other parts, of which Agncola hath written largely, and very 
well in his Books De re Meta/Ika <^ defofdihus. Lenys alfo of Mineral 
works is elleemed, and Lazarm Erker hath handfomely delcnbed the 
principal Ores and Mineral bodies. But certainly there are k\\ places 
in the World to be compared w ith this, where Art and \aturc llrive to 
Ihow their utmoft force and riches. 

They work in this Country much after the manner thcv did in the 
Emperour Rudoiphm his time ; who was a great undertaker and en- 
courager of Mine-works ; but, manyof their Inlb*umertr> and Engines 
are much improved. 

I i Notwlrh- 



I' iU 

V I 




A Journey from KomzrSL to the Muie-Towns m Hungary. 

Notwithftanding the J^reat quantity of Silver made every week at 
Schemnitz and carried away in Carts, I found feme diftculty to pro- 
cure the lead piece there, and fcarce any one in tlie Town could fur- 
nilh me with any that was pure, for the Money of the Country is mix- 
ed with above half Copper; and being dcfirous to fee what alteration 
divers of thofe Mineral-waters in that Country, would make upon 
Metals, for want of other Silver, I was forced to make ufe ot lilvcr 
CroiTes, Crucifixes and Medals, which I borrowed. 

Near unto Schemnitz, where old Schemnitz flood, is an high Perpen- 
dicular Rock, part of which from the bottom to the top is naturally 
tindlured with iTiining fair blue, Ibme gceen, and Ipots ot ycUovv in it. 
At tirft fight I was much furprized with the beauty ot it, and could tan- 
fy nothing like it, but a whole Rock of poliihed Lapis Lazuli: and I 
have heard from a Spaniard, who lived long in tlic lyeJi-hJies, that 
there is alio a Rock like this nigh to the Silver Mines in Peru 

At QlajS'Hitten, an Hungarian mile, or about leven Englilh ^ miles 
from Schemnitz^ there was formerly a rich Gold Mine, but it is loft, 
no man knowing where the entrance was fince tlie time that Be/Uem 
Gabor ^xhiQQoitranjylvamaovtX'Xxn that Country, and the Inhabi- 
tants fied away. Tlie Owner notwithlbnding left fome marks and di- 
rections whereby they might difcovcr it, with the Figures ot his h> 
flruments upon the Barks of Trees ; which Inftruments they have 
already found bv digging in the Earth, and thus much is intimated to 
them,'that where they hnd a Stone, on which a Face is carved, they 
are at it,and are onely to remove part of a Rock with which the Ouner 

Hopped up the Mine. . , t. i 

This place is much frequented by reaion ot its natural hot Baths, oi 
which there are five very convenient, with handfome dcicents into 
them, and covered over with large high Roots. The Springs are ve- 
ry clear, the Sediment is red and green, the wood and feats ol tlic Baths 
under water are incruftated with a ftony fubftance, and Silver is gil- 
ded by being left in them : But the moil remarkable of thefc Baths, is 
that which is called the fweating Bath, whole hot Springs drain through 
an Hill, and fall into a Bath built to receive them ; atone end of whicli 
byafcending! went into a Cave which is made a noble Stove by the 
heatofthefe Therms, andfo ordered witii Scats, 'tliut every one who 
(its in it, either by choofmg an higher or a lower feat, may regulate l\\s 
Iweating, or enioy what degree ot heat he dtfires. This Cave, as alio 
the fides of the Bath are covered by th-e continual dropping of thole hot 
Springs, with a red, white, and green fubftance, very fair and pleallng co 

the eye. , , , 

Bathing my felfin the largeft of thefc Batlis when tl.ere w ere a great 
many Men and Women in it ; an adive man to divert the Company, 
had privately conveyed himfelf to the top of the Houfe whicli covered 
the Bath, and on a luddain cafl himlelf dov\n into the water, and by- 
taking hold upon the bottom of the Seats kept himielf under uvter 
for forae time ; afterwards a Serpent coming into the Bath thrf^ugh 
a channtl which conveyed the water into it, many of the womea 
were afrightcd at it. He flill to continue his fervicc and good will 
to the Company, was the firft that would encounter it, and deliver 
theDamfels; which he did in a fhort time, fo liiccefsfully, that he 
caught the Serpent in both Iun hands, and holding it out of tlic water, 
° put 

A Journey from Komara to the Mine-Towns in Hungary. 

put it into his mouth, and bit die head oC Being taken u ith his good 
humour , 1 afterwards lent tor him into the Stove ; and finding 
that he had been employed in the Mines, I uskcd him among other 
things, whether he had fecn any natural Vitriol, and where, in the 
Mines, cryftallized in lumps, pure and ready tor ule, which he laid he 
had in many places, Ijut in the grcateft quantity, in a Mine now given 
over ; by reafon that in fome places the Earth was tallcn in, which was 
near to Schemnitz : And accordingly two or three days after he came 
to fee me at SclemmtZj brought me Lamps and Minc-mens habits for 
my lelt, and two Friends more ; and we went with him under ground, 
till I came w here he fhew'd me great quantities of it, much to my fatis- 
facflion : the Vitriol there fliooting upon the Stones and Earth, upon 
the floor and fides of the paflages, as it doth by art in the Pans, and 
about the fticks, not hanging from the top, as in many other places I 
have feen it, like to Ice-icles. 

GlaJS'F/itten belongcs to the Count of Lippey, ofwhofe Family wiis 
the Learned Fo/ycarpus Frocop/us Bocanus^'^ho uas fent fome time pall 
by the ATch-liimop oi Presiurg to give an account of the rarities of 
thele Countries ; but his death hindred the publilhing of his oblcrva- 


Eifenhch cbout four EngUfh miles from Qlufs-Hltten, and five or fix 

from Schemnu-z-, hath alfo hot Baths ; the vSedimenr of which is red, 
and turnes intoflone ; fo that I brought away witli me pieces of it of 
five or fix inches diameter : I took alfo a large piece of this water petre- 
fied as it fell from a fpout in which the waves of it are to be ieen ; but 
the fpout it felf, although made of Wood, was not at all changed, as ly- 
ing under it. However, thofe Trees with w hich they built the fides of 
the Bath were lo petrcfied, that thofe which lay next above the water, 
were intirely turned into Stone. And it was not unpleafant to ob- 
ferve how^ nature did here iflift art, and out of the body of a Firr-Tree 
frame a Column of Stone. Nor i; it much to be wondred at, that the 
wood under the water fhould remain unaltered whilll that above fuiier- 
ed io great a change. Thefe waters are hot, and part of whatfoever is 
contained in them is fufficientiy Volatilized to be carried up with the 
rteam of the Bath, and I remember in the Bath of the Green Pillars 
at Biida, I took notice, that the exhalation from the Bath reverbera- 
ted by the high Cupola built over it, and by the Irons extended from 
one Column to another, and by the Capitals oi the Pillars was for- 
med into long Stones like Le-kles^ which hang to all the laid places, 
fuch as may be obferved in miany fubterraneous Grottos^ and particu- 
larly in Englaml in Okey-kole in Somerftt-Jhirey and Pooles-kole in Dur- 
hy-jhtre. Sulphur alfoVhich is in great quantity in many hot Springs 
fiyeth away continually, and is not to be found in them, if you boyl 
or evaporate the Bath water : and therefore to difcover it , I thought 
it more rational to look cut of the water than into it ; neither was I 
more deceived in my conjedure, than he who looked towards the 
Weft, rather than towards the Eaft to fee the rifing of the Sun. For 
upon many places which were over the Baths , and received the 
(learns of the hot water, I have feen Sulphur to ftick ; and to fatisfie 
my curiofity further herein,! cauled once a Pipe to be opened at Baden 
in Aujlria^ through which the hot water continually ran, and took with 
my hand from the upper part of the Pipc,divers Boxes lull ofafubrtance 











"' : t 

' K \ 

6i A Journey from Komara to the Mine-Town^ in Hungary. 

fcarcc to be diftinguiihcd from Flov/cr of Brimftonc. Walking about 
alfo one day in the Sower Bjtb at Bj</eN, and leaning over the BalU- 
ftres to talk with fome Friends, u ho were then bathing thcmlclves, I 
perceived that my Buttons and whatcKcI wore cfrilver, ucre ail 
turned yellow of a fair Gold colour, although I were at fonie dillance 
from the water. Which made me try this experiment aho, ^vhich 
was to hang money over the Bath at a foot dtftance, or at a greater, 
to fee what alteration it would make, and how foon ; which it co- 
loured in a minutes time, and that which was nearer in half a an- 


But to return to E/fe^knb.thQrc are two convenient Baths much tre- 
quented,and a third which is made by the water let out of the former, 
called the Snakes-hth, from the number ot Snakes coming into, and 
delighting in it when it is filled withthcle warm waters. 

March the thirtieth, I travelled from Scbemuitz by GUf^-Hitten^ 
^x\d ApfehJorff, where there is a Houfe of the Arch-Bilhop of /Vc-.- 
lur^; and afterwards palTed the River Grju and came in betweer; 
the Hills ; where in one place they have thrown up the Earth , and 
made a work from one ridge of the Hills to the other , to defend the 
Country ; and hinder the turkijl ExcurHons towards Chremnitz : 
Afterwards we proceeded by that Golden Ri\ er and yellow Stream 
which walhes all the Ore above till we came to the Town. 

Ckremnitz is a Imall Town, bijc hath large Subuibs, and lies 
high St. Johns Church at fome dillance from it, is thought to (land 
upon the higheft ground in Hungary, This is the oldefl Mine-Town, 
and the richeft in Gold of all the liven in thefe parts, which are 
l\\<:k-^Schemnitz^ Chremnitz^ Neiijo!, Komytgsherg^ Eochantz^ Lihetcn axld 

They have worked in the Gold-Mine at Chremnitz nine hundred 
and fifty years ; the Mine is about nine or ten Engbjh miles in lengtli, 
and there is one Cumculus or Horizontal palfage which is eight hun- 
dred fathoms long, called the ErhHa/L The depth of it is above 
one hundred and feventy fathon:s; they do not ufe Ladders to 
defcend into this Mine, but are let down at the end of a Cable, 
unto which is faftncd a fling, or feat of Leather ; the Leather being 
broad, and divided ordinarily into two or three parts, fo that it is 
to be ihifted or changed as you find convenience, and affords no 
wneafie ieat, even to fuch as are not uled to it. And in this m.anner, 
whofcever enters the Mine is let down. Through oi:e of the Scha- 
chts or perpendicular Pits, of which there are fix. i. That oi Roclol- 
phus* z. Queen Am^e. 3. Ferdinand, ^, Matthias, 5. IViftdjchacht^zivA 
6. Leopold. I went down by the Pit of the Emperour Rodoiphm, 
gently delcending by the turning about of a large wheel to which tlie 
Cable is fallned, one hundred and eight fathoms deep into the Earth ^ 
and after many hours being in the Mine, was drawn cut again by 
LeopoUi Schacht, or Leopolds Pit, or Shaft, ilreight up above one 
hundred and fifty fathoms ; a height furpalfing that of tiic Pyramids 
by a third part. At the bottom oi v\ hich Schacht I was not difcouraged 
to find my lelt fo deep in the earth, for confidering tliar I was yet above 
three thoufand miles from the Center, I thought my Hlf but in a Well. 
It is built on all fides with Firr-Trees, one la>in^ upon another 
on four fides from the bottom to the top, and after ti.e iame man-. 



A Journey from Kom ara to the MineJor^m in Hungary ^3 

ner all thefc Mines arc kept open where they have not a Rock on all 

Many Veins of the Ore run to the North, and to the Eafl ; They 
work alfo towards one, two, or three of tlic clock, as thev fpeak ; for 
tlie Miners dired themfelvcs under-ground by a Compafs not of thirty 
two points (fuch a.s is ufed at Sea) but by one of twenty lour, which 
they divide as we do the hours of the day into twice twelve. Of the 
Gold-Ore (ome is white, fome black, fome of it red, and lome yellow. 
That u'lth black (pots in white is efteemed the befl, as alJo the Ore 
which lieth next to the black Veins. This Ore is not rich enough to 
luflcr a ly proot in (mall parcels, like that of other Mines, whereby to 
know v'liat proportion of Metal is contain'd in ic ^ but they pound a ve- 
ry grea: quantity tlitreof, and walli ir in a litrle River which runs near 
the Town ; Tlie wh(.lc River bering divided and admitted into di- 
vers^ curs, run. over the Ore continually, and lb walhes aw ay the 
earthy parts from the MerjIIm, and irom a clear River above the 
Town,by its running th^ougli lb many work.,,and over fo much pounded becomes below die Town a dark yellow Strestm, of the colour of 
the Earth, of tho!c Hills. Unlefs it be upon fix days of the year ; two 
at Chriflmas, two at Eajhr, and two at Whitfuntide ^ when thekiver 
it felt as well as the Mine-men cealeth Irom working, and is permitted 
to flow cl jar within its own Banks. 

There have been pieces of pure or virgin Gold found in this Mine, 
fome ot which I have ktn in the Emperour's Trcaliiry, and in the 
Eledor of Saxony s Repofitory, one piece as broad as' the palm of 
my band, and others lels ; and upon a white Stone many pieces of 
pure Gold ; but thele are very rare. 

The common yellow^ Earth of the Country near Chremnitz, efpcci- 
ally of the Hills towards the Weft, altiiough it be not cfteemed Ore, 
affords lone Gold. And in one place I law a great part of an Hill 
d:gg'd away, which hath been caft into the works, wafhcd and 
wrought in the fame manner , as pounded Ore with confiderable pro- 
fit. ^ 

Matthias Bellinger the chief Officer at Chremnitz for tr.e Minc-w^ork 
hath alfo lately invented a Mill to pound the Ore finer than it was 
bctbrc; and by this invention hath obtained a confiderable quantity 
of Gold out ot that Ore which otherwife would have vieldcd none - 
in his Houfe I faw many Ibrts of Minerals, and was very kindly en- 
tertained by him ; and when I was at the bottom of the Gold-Mine 
he lent me down a prefcnt of excellent Wine to drink the Emperour's 

Some palBges in this Mine cut through the Rock and long difufed, 
have grown up again ; and I oblcrved tlie fides of fome which had 
been formerly wide enougli to carrv their Ore through, to approach 
each other ; In as u e palled uith diiiiculty ; this happens mofl m moift 
places, the pailages unite not from the top to tlxe bottom, but irom one 
lide to another. 

They carry their Ore under ground from one place to another ; or 
to the bottom of the Pit whence it is drawn out, in a Box or Chell 
which they call a Hundt or Dog ; this runs upon tour v\ hcls, it is high- 
er behind than before, and hath a tongue of Iron at the bottom, 
which being firted into a channel of wood framed ii the middle of 


E' 1'^ 



ifcl.JPUl ■'^M**'^^ 






I. it 

;l'i! ' 

^4 A Journey from Y^omdX^ to the Mine-Towns in Hungary. 

A Journey from Koniara to the MineTowns in Hungary. 6^ 


the bottom of eac!i pafTage, it can no ways deviate, Luc keeps alvvaycs 
in the middle ; and by this means a Httle Boy will run full Ipeed with 
three or four Jiundrcd pound \^ tight of Ore or tarth before him, 
wherever y-ou command him, without any light, through thofe dif- 
mal dark pallages of the Mine : and it uas very new to mc to hear the 
rattling they make in the Mine, and the alteration of the found as 
they arc nearer or further from us ^ and to Ice them come wijth that 
fv\iftnelsGut ofthe Rocks, overturn their liirle Charriot, uhere they 
are to leave their Ore, then turn again and enter thofe dark Cares witli 
luch a force and fwiftnels. 

Not much unlike this is another inilrumcnt they have to bring the 
Ore from the mouth of the Mine, or from the Hills down to the 
Buchworke^ where they pound it and w.ilh it ; but inftead of a tongue 
it hath eight wheels or tour rowlers and luui wheels, and the way is 
made with Firr in fucli manner and at fuch a diilance that the row- 
lers rowl upon the wood of the Firr-trees. And thele rowkrs and 
wheels are fo contrived, that thele Cheils can, ne\er overturn nor go 
out of the way, and a child draws them, and lometimcs a dog lervcs 
the turn. To ov\q, Buchivorke alone, they carry every week three or 
four hundred cf thefeCheds full, and each Chefl: holds four liundrcd 
pound u eight. 

There were two very bad (Irorg in this Mine when I was 
there, and divers others th:.t had not the like ibrcc to lutiocate in lb 
fmall a time. One of thcfe Damps was in a Schacht Futcus or Pit, and 
the other in a Stall, or right-on pallage; no Lamps would burn m either 
' of them, yet the Miners would venture into them for fome Ihort Ipace 
of time : and we let one man down into that Damp which was 'm the 
Pit five or fix times ; but pulled him up ngain as loon as ever we lav/ 
iiis Lamp go out ; this place is mod poylonous when the water is high, 
the vapour then arifing more llrongly,the other Damp in the Cuntculm 
they hope to remedy, by perflation, and making or digging another 
palfigc into it. 

I was intbi nicd that there had been twenty cifiht men killed at one 
time, by Damps in four Cumculi^ feven in each ; and in the finking 
of L€opold\ Pit, they were much troubled with Damps, u hich they 
remedied m this manner. 

They fixed to tlie fide of the Schacht or Pit a Tube trom the top to 
the bottom; and that not proving fufficient they forced doun a broad 
flat board which covered or itopped the Pit, or couched very near 
the fides of it on all fides, but where the Tube was : and lo torccJ 
out all the Air in the Pit through the Tube ; which work they wt;rc 
tbrced often to repeat. And now they having divers other pallagcs 
into it, the Air is good and fufficient, and I wasdrav^n up through it 
without the leaft trouble in breathing, 

Altermans Fore-ftall, a CHniculus five hundred fathoms long, was 
burned in the year 1641. by the carelelnels ot a Loy wipia^^ the 
fnurt of a Lamp upon the wood; and fifty men fmothered in it ; 
they were all taken out except one, who was atteru ards lound to be 
dillolved by the Iharp waters of the Mine, nothing elcaping eitiier of 
flelh or bones, but only fome ot'his cloths. 

There is Vitriol in this Muie, white, red, blue and green ; and alfo 
Vitriolat waters. There is a fubftance tound, uhich Hicks to the 



Gold-Ore of fmall pointed parts like needles, of a purple colour and 
iliining. the mother of which is yellow like brimflone, it is called by 
them Antimony of Gold. There are Cryftals found here, and fome 
tinctured yellow. 

There is a Vitriol-Mine in tliele Hills nigh the Gold-Mine, about 
eighty fathoms deep. The Earth or Ore whereof is reddilh, axid 
Ibmetimes grcenilh. This Earth is infuled in water, and after three 
days the water is poured ofl^ and boyled (even days m a leaden VeileJ 
till It comes to a thick granulated whitilh fubllance, which is after- 
wards reduced toaCalx-in an Oven, and lerves in the making of 
Aqua form, or the feparating water uled at Schemnitz. 

Where they pound riie Gold- Ore, they lay a foundation three yards 
deep of wood, upon which they place the Ore, over which there 
are four and twenty Beams armed at the bottom with Iron, which 
break and grind the Ore, it being covered all the while with water. 
Thefe Beams are moved by 'bur Wheels, one Wheel to fix Beams, the 
water which comes outfrcm the pounded Ore, is let into little Pits 
or Chefts commonly leven or eight one after another ; and afterwards 
into a large Pit of almoil half an Aker of ground, and then after fet- 
ling let out. 

^^ The Gold- Ore in powder or pounded is called Slicl\ of which that 
is the richell which is neareft to the Beams where it is firft pounded. 
They work thus day and night continually. The Candles which they 
make ule of are of Firr or lome Refinous v/ood. 

They take the Sikh waflied fo long as perhaps in an hundred pound 
weight, ther: may be half an ounce or an ounce of Gold and Silver, 
the greareft r^art ordinarily Gold, two thirds generally, (for the Chrem- 
»/^^ Gold-Ore is feldom without fome mixture of Sdver, andthebeft 
of the Sckewnitz Silvcr-Ore yields an eighth part of Gold in pro- 
portion to the Silver;) to this ^'//V/j they add Limeilone and Slacken, 
and melt them together in the melting Furnace. 

This firll melting produces a fubttance called Lech ; this Lech 
they burn with Charcoal to make it lighter, to open its body and 
render it porous, and then it is called Raft, 

To the Rojl they add Sand as they Ice occafio:\ and melt it a-^ain 
in the melting Furnace ; then let it out into the Pan, and proceed 
as in the melting of Silver. 

They have divers other ways to get the Gold out of the pounded 
Ore, and I cannot omit to let down thi^ onC; in which they proceed 
witliout Lead. 

They wafii the pounded Ore oftert, arid lay it in powder upon 
Cloths, and by the gentle oblique defcending of the water over it, 
and their continual Itirring it, the earthy, clayilh, and lighter parts 
are walht away, while the heavier and metalline remain in the Cloth: 
not much unhke to this proceeding is that with Sheep-skins and Wooll, 
which tl^ey place either in the water which comes from the works, or 
in- rivulets which have their Heads hid in Hil!s and Mountains rich in 
Gold ; lb that while the water and fluid parrs pafs through or over 
them, the more folid, heavy and metalline are infnared ; and by this 
way Ibm.e have obtained the Golden Fleece. But to continue the man- 
ner of working with cloths, they walh the cloths in which the Ore 
doth ftick in fcveral Tubs, and the water after fom-e fetling is pour'd 

K oir 





4'V ii 



66 A Journey from Komara to the Mine-Towns in Hungary. 

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off from its Sediment ; which Sediment is again wailit and ftirr'd up 
in feveral Veflels and Troughs, till at length they fprinkle Qvuck fil- 
vcr upon it, and knead it well together lor an hour or two ; and then 
vvalhing it again in a wooden Vellel, after tiic feparating cl much ot 
it, which the Quick-filver touches rot, by ftriking this WiTd againll 
their leg, they bring the Gold and Quick-filver together m an Amal- 
q^aimu to one corner of it. From this ^wj/g./#wj they llrain as much ot 
the (iuick-filver as they can through courfe cloths rirfl:, and then 
througfi fine. They put the Maft remaining upon a perforated Plate, 
which they fet over a deep Pan placed m the Earth ; in the bottom of 
which Pan they alio put Quick-filver : This Pan they cover, and lute 
the cover w^ell, and then make a Charcoal fire, upon it, and drive down 
the Quick-filvcr yet remaining in the Gold to the reft in the bottom of 
the Pan ; and then taking out the Gold, they cad it into the fire tfat 

it may ftill become purer. . 

i\fter fomc few days having feen the moll: remarkable cunofities ot 
Chremnitz^l went to Neivjol ; palling thole Hills uhichLc on the 
Eaft-fide oV Chnr}mitz^ upon the top of one of which lies a vail Stone 
or Rock alone bv it felf , near the way-iide ; thele Hills afford wood 
ibr the Service of the Gold-Mine. Paiiing on further Vv-e were net iar 
from LiLh a Village, where they find Quick-filvcr ; and after we had 
travelled over the Quick- filver Hills, we came again to the River 
Gran, upon which ^ewjcl (lands ; there is a Bridge of wood to pafs 
the River at this Town, and an handfom building ol Piles Ihoring crofs 
the River to flop the wood thrown into this River, ten miles higher, 
where the Country is very full of wood : and by this Artifice with- 
out labour or charge, it is^conveyed to Nenjol, to be ufed in the work- 
ing of the Copper-Orc^and in the'lurning, melting, calling, ham.merirg 

of the Copper. 

Newjolis anhandfomeTown, and hath a large Fiazza, at the upper 

end whereof (lands a fair Tower. The Caftle alibis worth the lee- 
ing, in which is the Church covered over with Copper; within the 
Church there are many Figures of carved Wood, and fomxC Reliqucs ; 
but being in the pofTellion of the Lutherans tl:ty are not much re- 
garded, though carefully preferved. As I aifo obferved in Ibme Lh^ 
theran Churches in Germany^ as at Nuremhrg, zrA Mjgddur^ir^^ where 
fome Reliques had been left; u hich they have not parted v/itli. but ilxll 

keep as rarities. 

At this Town, and near unto it, are the greated Copper-works in 
Hmgan, the body of the Copper being very llrongly united to its 
Stone, Bed, or Ore, the reparation of it is effedcd with great la- 
bour and difficulty ; for the Copper-Ore taken out of the Mine is 
burned and melted fourteen times before that it becomes fit for ule ; 
and firft it is melted with a Stone which they call tUf^-lhiH^ and its 
own drofs, and with Kis or a fort of Pyntes, It is afterwards carri- 
ed to the Roji'hearth^ where it is laid upon great Hacks or heaps 
of Billets, and thofe fet on fire under it ; by which means it is bur- 
ned into a fubftance called Rojiy and this is repeated k\tn or eight 
times ; afterwards it is melted again in the melting Furnace, 'inU at 
two Furnaces more at Mifmills^ and twice at the Hammer. 

Here they alio melt Kts which is brought hither from Jeft^ta, w lilch 
fubftance melted is ferviceable in the melting of Silver, 


A Journey from Koaiara to the Mine-Towm in Hungary. ^ 7 

At Mifmill's not far from hence they get Silver out of Copper , 
which they feperate thus: They add Lead to the Copper whm it is 
melted, and take out the Metals melted together in Spoons or Iron 
Dilhcs. v^ hen it is cold they give it a Urong fire again is it lies 
upon crofs Bars, untiU the Silver and Lead melts and falls through 
When the Copper hath pafled its laft melting and is fit for ufe, they 
cut it in pieces, w ith great Hammers which are iharp, to move every 
one of which there is a Mill on purpofe, which with great force lift- 
eth up the Hammer : and to Ihape and form it into Ve/IeJs or Plates 
they have other Hammers, which are f^at or round according as they 
intend to frame the Copper. 

The Governor of thefe Works at t^ewfolvi^s highly obliging, and 
tefidcs the :;iving us opportunity of feeing every thing we defircd, he 
lent me a liandfom prefent of Wine and Fowls, and wrote a Letter to 
the Prrefedt of the Copper Mine at Herm-gmndt to Ihcw me cvcrv 
thinf^ that wis curious and oblervable in chat Mine. 

Herrn-Grimdt is a little Town feated very high between two Hills 
upon a part of Land of the fame name, an Hungarian miJe dillant from 
NewfoL The Country about w^as then all covered with Snow after we 
came to luch a heighth, but in the Valleys, and in our journey from 
Newfol hithei we met with none ; fo that we found the Air very 
piercing as we palled towards the entrance of the Mine in Miners ha* 
bits ; u hich habit confifts of a Linen Coat and Drawers, a flififround 
Cap, like the crown of a Hat, a leather Apron turned behind, and two 
pieces of Leather tyed to the Knees, to defend thofe parts againfl any 
fudden ftrikmg againil the Rocks, or the fall of Earth upon them. In 
the Mine we were warm enough. 

I went into this Mine through a Cunkulm called TachflolH, and con- 
tinued divers hours in the Mine, and vilitcd many of the moil remar- 
k2bTe r 'aces in it. The fleep defcents in this Mine are made by Lad- 
ders or Trees fet upright, with daep notches or {layers cut in them to 
ftay the foot upon ; They are not troubled with water, the Mine lying 
high in the Hill, fo that the water may drain away ,- but they are mo- 
lefled wirh dud, which is choaking and fretting, and alfo with pernici- 
ous damps 

In one place of the Mine they fliewed me the manner how they 
had lately cured a very bad Damp by a great pair of Bellows, which 
were blown continually for many days ; and in divers other places the 
Damps were fo flrong as to hinder the Work-men very much in their 
labour, and tkele Damps arc not only met with in places where the 
Earth is full of Clay or the like liibftances, but alfo where it is rocky, 
and one place they ihewed me where there had been a pernicious 
Damp, and yet the Rock fo hard, that it could not be broken by their 
Inftruments ; but the defccnt was all made by the means of Gun-pow- 
der ramm'd into long holes in the Rock, and (o blown up. 

Much of this Mine lies in the Rocks where they have no need of 
Wood-work to keep it open, and fome paflages lie between the Rock 
and the Earth, lb that they are kept open upon one fide by Firr-Trees, 
and on the other fide with Stone, the pallages alfo are not fo regular as 
at Chremmtz^ for many here arc neither horizontal, nor near to a, per- 
pendicular, but moderately inclining up and down, and there are many 
large Cavities withm. In one place where we dcfcended obliquely to 

Si go 


( Vi 



<^8 A Journey from Komara to the Mine-Towns in Hungary. 


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go to a remarkable part of the Mine, we found that the Earth had fal- 
lenm and flopped up the paflagc, but one of our Guides unvvillineto 
go about, and the Earth being yet loofe, he niade a Burrough into it 
and digged his way through, although the Earth continually fell upon 
him and covered him ; and got at length through and tumbled down 
amongil the Work-men below, with a great quantity of Earth after 
him ; with which they fo fpeedily laded their Barrows and Hundts, of 
which I fpake before, and the Boys ran away with them with fuch fwlft- 
nefs, that in a ftiort time he made the pafTage clear again up to the place 
where he had left us, ^ 

The Veins of this Mine are very large, many of them, fuch as arc 
termed cumulatie, and the Ore is very rich, in an hundred pounds of 
Ore they ordinarily find twenty pounds of Copper, fometimcs thirty, 
lorty, half Copper, and even to fixty in the hundred. Much of the 
Ore is joyned fo faft to the Reck, that 'tis fcparated with great diii. 
culty, and in many places the Ore and the Rock are one continued 
Body or Stone, onely with this difference that one part of the Rock 
Will yield Copper, the other none ; which is known and difanguillied 
by the colour, and eafily at firft fight, the Copper-Ore being for the 
moft part, efpecially tjie bcfl of it, either yeliow or black : The yellow 
IS pure Copper-Ore,,the black contains alio a proportion of Silver. 

There are divers' forts of Vitriol found in this Mine, white, green, 
blue, and a red cl ar tranfparent. There is alfo a green Earth or Sed^ 
ment ofa green Water, called ^£'/'2.(7r//;/,ufed by the Paincers • there 
arf likewife Stones found of a beautiful green and blue colour, and one 
fort upon which Turcoifes have been found, and therefore called the 
Mother of the Turcois. 

There are alfo two Springs of a Vitrlolat Water which turn Iron in- 
to Copper, called the old and the new Ziment ; thcfe Sprintrs He very 
deep in the Mine, and the Iron is ordinarily kfc in the wate^r fourteen 
days. Thefe Waters are very profitable, feeing that the wora fort of 
Iron, and ufelefsold Iron is hereby turned into the purefl fort of Cop- 
per, which hath this commendation above other Copper to be more 
ducftile, malleable, and eafily melted ; and I have melted it without tl e 
addition of any other fubftance, without diificulcv, Whilft the Ore of 
Copper mufl run through many Fires and Furnaces to be brouglit to 
any thing. Of this fort of Copper I took a good quantity out of the 
old Zzment, and I took alfo a piece of Copper of the Figure cfa Heart 
which had been layed in it eleven or twelve days before - having the 
fame figure, but as pertedtly Iron then, as it is at this day Copper. 
Some will not have this to be a Tranlmutation of one Metal into ano- 
ther, but that this Water of the Z^me^t being faturated with a runo^ 
lum Veneris, and meeting with fuch a body fo ready to receive it as 
Mars, It depofes Fenus, who immediately infinuates her fclf io far 
mto Mars, that ihe doth dividere & imperare, and at lall fhe fubfti- 
tutes her own body, and precipitates that of Mars. 

In the changing of Iron into Copper in thefe Springs, many parts 
are indeed often Separated, and lie at the bottom in powder, but thefe 
parts are not Iron but Copper ; and I have taken of this powder out 
ot the Spnng, and melted it into excellent Copper ; fo that if the Iroa 
be not changed, I know not wlut becomes of it. This Operation 


A Journey from Komara to the Mine-Tovpns in Hungarv, 6^ 

winch nature lb cunoully performs in the Mine, I have fince lecn at- 
tempted to be imitated by Art; and in my judgment fuccefsfully. 

After that I had lce« many of the moil remarkable places in the 
Mine, I returned to the Ferwalter qS. Herrn-Gmndt his Houfe, and put 
my clothes on again in the Stove : where wc were afterwards very 
kindly entertained. He fiicwed me a Map of that Mine wherein we 
had fpent moll part of that day ; and the delineations of all thofc 
places we had been at, with a Scale to menfure the lengths and dillan- 
ces of all PaiTages and Places in the Mine ; and it was very delightful 
to lee fo large a Draught or Pid:ure of fo tair a Subterraneous City : nor 
can I term itjefe, in, which there is more building than in many. The 
extent furpalles moll, and the number of the Inhabitants are confide- 
rablc, their Oa er admirable, their Watches exad:, their Reft undi- 
llurbed, grateful after Labour and refrefhing, they repofing themfelves 
eight hours in the hollow of a Rock after the fame time fpent in labour; 
befides this Map, he fi:ew'd me many curious Minerals taken out of 
that Mine, and bv heating the Copper-Ore, and carting it into water, 
made the water like fome natural Baths which arife nearthele Hiik 
And upon my commending tlic Ziment water and its ftrange Opera- 
tion upon Iron, he prefentcd mc with divers fair pieces, and a chain 
cf Copper tranfmuted in thofe Springs. They make alfo very hand- 
fome Cups and Vellels out of this fort of Copper, and we drank out of 
one of them which was gilded over, and had a rich piece of Silver- 
Ore faftned in the middle of it ; and this Infcription graved on the 
outfide : 

E'ifen ivarf ich , Kupfer him ich 

Silber tra^ ich ^ Qoldt hedeckt mkl\ i. e 

Copper I am, bat Iron was of old. 
Silver I carry, cover'd am with Gold, 

TliC profit whicli the Emperor makes by his Mines, is reckoned to 
amount to an hundred and t\v enty Thoufand pounds Jierling yearly. 
But when they come to deal with deeper and richer veins of Ore, and 
that there ihall be by degrees more of thefe Vitriolate Copper fprings 
diicovercd, this revenue will then be encrcafed. And it is more than 
probable that time wuU bring more of them to light; for at Zol^ock.znd ' 
other places near the Carpathian Hills there are divers of the fame 
fprings ahead}' made ufe of But if furthermore, confidenng the no- 
blencls of thefe fprings, containing in them the true mature Salt of ^e- 
nus, fome Perfons hereafter ihall be lb fortunate, as moreover to dif- 
cover and experimentally improve the ule of Springs and Fountains 
faturated with a VitnoUm Lun^e, and learn perteiflly how to adapt 
MetaHinc Bodies to the adccquate energy, and ad'ivity of fuch waters j 
The improvement by tranfmutation as it is at prelent more than ten to 
one, fo it will in thofe dayes amount to above a hundred to one, and 
the ufe of thefe Mines and Metalline labours may hereby effectually 
prove in times to come one of the Richell Jewels in the Imperial 

From Herrn-Qrundt we came to Stuhn, a Town three Hungarian 
niiles dillant from I^eivfol, and two from Chremnitz ; where near unto 






A Journej from Kom^tJL to the Mine-Tovptis i7i Hungary. 

a Rivolct there are divers hot Baths of great efteem, and much fre- 
nuented ; the water whereof is very clear and fmells of Sulphur^ the Se- 
diment green ; it colours the wood over it green and black, but doth 
not change the colour of Metals fo foon as mod others ; I left monej 
in it a whole night, which was yet but faintly coloured. The Springs 
arife underneath, and pals through the holes in the piancher of the 

The h^atofthefe is anfwerablc to that of the Kings-Bath in £>?g- 
Und ; there are feven in number ; The firft is the Noblcmans Bath, 
the fccond the- Gentlemans, the third the Country-mans, the fourth 
the Country-woman'^, the fifth the Beggars Batli, the fixth for luch as 
are infedred with the Lues Venerea^ th-e fevenrh the Bath of the Gypjtes, 
Tliefc Baths are in a Plain encompailed on all fides with Hills, the 
nigheft unto them are towards the Eaft ; and it is the fame ridge of 
Hills which on the other fide are lb nch in Metals. I bath'd in one 
of thefe and met good company that I was detained too long, and 
received fome inconvenience from the heat of the Bath, nor could I 
commend their cuftom of eating, drinking, and fleepmgmuch while 
they bathed. 

from Stuh'n Bad wc w ent to Eoinitz^ eroding the RlVcr Nltra and 
leaving Pnvitz, a large Tow n on the left hand. At Bohitz there ar? 
ialfo five natural Baths of a moderate gentle heat delightful to bath in, 
being much beautified by Count P.i/fi Palatine of //w>/^jr)', and all of 
them covered under one large roof. The firft is the Noblemans Bath 
built of Stone, defcended into on all fides by Stone (lairs; the other 
four are of wood, very handfomely and well built, where it was a plea- 
furetous to fee the Boys and Girls dive fo finely forany tliing that 
Ue call in- About this part of the Country there grows very much 

From Boinitz we went to Weftenitz^ two Hu>ig.irian miles, and from 
Weftonitzxkiz next day, wc arrived at Tret^fchin^ which they count four 
Hungarian miles ; but fuch long ones they are, that we were travelling 
from before Sun-rifing till eight of the Clock at night, before we could 
come to our journeys end. 

Trenjchin is a handfome Town feated upon the River IV^ag^ over 
which there is a Bridge of wood ; the P/azza is fair, the Jefuitcs 
Church handlbme, the Caflle feated very high, eafily difcernable at 
. twenty Engltjh miles diftance, and belonged to the GrafJeHbafey. 
There are two warm Baths a mile from the Town, and a great num- 
ber of Springs of Mineral waters in the Country about. Here we met 
with Count Rothall going from the Empcrc.r to treat with W/u^ Prince 
of Tranjjlvania his Commillioners at Eperies^ w here I engaged fome 
of his Attendants to make enquiry into the Salt-Mines ot that place, 
or any other, according to the inftrudlions I left with them, and after- 
wards I received an Account to this effedl. 

Half an hours going from the City of Epenes in upper Hungary^ 
there is a Salt- Mine ot great note from the firft place of defcent unto 
the bottom, it is about one hundred and fourfcore fathoms deep. Into 
this the Mmers dcfcend firft by Ropes, and at lalt by Ladders unto the 
low er parti. The Mme is for the moft part in an Earthy, and not a 
Rocky ground. 


t: ■) 

A Journey from Komara to tlje Mine-Tovm in Hungary. 71 

The Veins of Salt ire large, and there are pieces to be found of ten 
thoufand pound weigiit : they coramonly hew out the Salt into long 
fquare pieces of two loot in length, and one in thicknefs, and ibr ule it 
is broken and grinded between two Grind (tones. 

The Mine is cold and moifl, but the Salt bein^ a Stone lalt, iS not 
eafily difTolved, or at leafl: in any great quantity by dampncfs or mox- 
flure • ) et much of the water of the Mine is impregnated with fait, 
in fuch fort that being drawn out in large buckets, and afterwards 
boyi'd up, it affords a blackilh Salt, which they give to their Cattle in 

that Country. 

The colour of t!ie ordiftary Stone- fait of this Mine is not very white, 
but fomcwhat grey : yet being broken and grinded to powder, it be- 
comes as white as if it were refined, and this Salt confifts of pointed 
parts or foflets. Another fort of Salt tliere is alfo, which confifts of 
Squares and Tables J and a third to be found of fome what ftirious or 

long fhoots. 

Nor is all the Salt of this Mine of one colour, but of divers ; that 
which is found grofly mixt with the Earth receives fome colour from 
it; and even that which is moft pure and refembles Cryftal, doth 
often receive tindures of fevcral colours ; in the middle of a Cryftal- 
falt with iongllioots, I have leen a delicate blue ; and at Count Ro- 
thall his Houle at Vienna^ I law a large piece of a fair tranfparent yellow. 
There are alio feme picct^ fo clear and hard, that they carve them into 
divers Figures, as if they were Cryftal it felf. Of all thcle forts men- 
tioned I alfo obtained lomc pieces, and brought them with me into 

But it is time to conclude tliis long difcourfe of Mines and Minerals, 
which may feem of little concern unto many ; yet for the fatisfadion 
of the more curious in fo confiderable a piece of Naturals, in places lit- 
tle known unto us ; and withal, undefcnbcd by any Enz^'lh Pen that I 
know J I would not omit this particular account thereof. 

I continued my journey near to the River War.g, and came to N<rji 
Mnejh, and Irom'thence the next day to timaw, a City ieated upon a 
Plain and to be feen at a great diftancc ; it hath almoft recovered it 
felf out of t!ie Allies that it was reduced into fix years before : the day 
following we got to the Danuh again, and lodged that night at Tres- 
hur<r whereof 1 have fpokenelfevv here; and then pafling the Duriule 
in two Ferry-boats, we travelled by Homhwg Tower, by Hamburg 
Hill, by the Town of ILnmkrg, by Regelshmi, Fijchit and Swechet, 

and came to T/f w/./.- , . 1 . ■ r 

A great part of thefc Countries of upper Hungjna, through which 
I travelled, had a ditTerent face from that of Aitjh-u, and from what 
they had formerly been. For feme places had been burnt or plundred 
by the Tartars and Turks in the late war, and divers pay contribution 
to them, fo that many live wanly and meanly to become lels noted ; 
And in divers places their Houfes are bare and unfurnillied ; and it is 
well if they have any other Bed than one for the man of the Houfe 
and his Wife. Even in parts of the Country better provided, and un- 
der the Emperor, a great part of the people being of the Lutheran ot 
the reformed Religion, are under fuch hard mealure and fears that they 
live in little content, and being of a rtout and pcrfevering temper, they 
may in time become lb defperate, that if the Turk ihould break power- 
^ fully 





l\^ Br 


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f ! 

72 A Journey from Komara to the Mine-Towns in Hungar>', 


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fully in, 'tis probable they would not fight io heartily againft him as... 
times part. There are many Cdvtnijh^ many Lutherans. They were 
formerly almoft all Lutherans in the Mine-Towns, but now the Offi- 
cers are of the Roman Church. At Schemnitz a very fair Church was 
lately taken from the Lutherans-^ and they told me that at Boinitz^ and 
the Country about , Count Palfi caufed all his Lutheran Tenants to 
change, or at lead to declare the change of their Religion, or elfe to part 
with their Houfes and Lands : There are alfo many Anahaptifls up and 
downs more obferved for their neat working in Mother of Pearl than 
any thing elfe. The Vnitarit live in the farther parts of upper Huma^ 
ry towards Tranfylvania^ and have the commendation to fpeak general- 
ly Latin^ even the Hungarian Catholicks are much dillarisfied at the 
intrufion of the C^rwj;/j, and their encroaching upon them, they look 
jcaloufly upon the Court at Vienna^ think themfelves not regarded ac- 
cording to their merits or ability of their Services, nor the Hungarian 
Privileges well oblerved, fo that they can fcarce diflerable their Dxf- 
contencs, which may in time prove of very bad confequence. 










Unto the ftrangc Lake of Zinhmtz^, to the Quick-filver 
Mines at L^ria^ and to other remarkable places in the 

I » 

WH I L E I remained at Fienna^ took the pains to fee di- 
vers places not tar diftant from it, as Neugelau^ KaUn- 
lerg, Clojier, Neivierg, Itzing, Baden^ Laxamhurg,t<few' 
JiMer-See, with others ; and afterwards made a jour- 
ney unto Ftnicey not by the Stage-Coaches uhich keep one conllant 
road, but chofe rather to perform it by Horfc whereby I might flay ia 
any place, or go out of the road at pleafure. 

The firft confiJerable place we faw was B^den^ about foui' German 
miles from riema, a pretty walltd Tovrn ftated near a part of Mount 
Cetius which divided Nvricum from Fannjonia ; a Rivoltt named ^irf- 
cl-et palles by it, which afterwards enlarges and runs into the Da^ 
mle about a ijerman nule from Ficnna^ there are three Chmxhes, that 
of the Augpftiners^ of our Lady, and S. Stephen ; but this place i^ moft 
remarkable for its Bathi> which are much frequented from Fiennu and 
thele parts. The Springs being numerous and affording nine conveni- 
ent Baths, two H ithui the Tcwn, five without the Wall, and tw o be- 
yond a Rivolet called Swechet. \ 

Ti:e Dukes-Bath is the largeft, about twenty foot fquare, in the mid- 
dle of a Houfe of the lame Figure, built over it. The vapour pafles 
tl-.rough a tunnel ot Wood, at the top: and the Water is convened into 
the lottcm of the Bath, at one corner through wordcn pipes and Trees, 
under theTcwn-wall, from the Sp'irg head, whi^ch nlcs at a little 
diftance Wclluard. The Springs of the reft ot the Baths rife under 
them, and let ui through holes of the Plancher, lor all the Baths arc 
W ainicotcd, the Seats, Sides, and Bottom being made of Firr, The Wa- 
ter for the moft part is clear and tranlparent, >et fomewhat blcwiih,^ 
and make,, the Skui appear pale in it,in the lame manner as tlie Smoak of 

L Biimftone, 

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74 A Journey from Vienna hiio St> ria, Cannthia,CarnioIa,Friuli. 

* f Hi 

Brimftone, it coloureth Metals (except Gold, the colour ot" which it 
alfo heightens) turning them black in a tew minutes. The Coyn of 
this Country, which is mixed ot Copper and Silver, (having ,; ofSil- 
ver, and -iV ot' Copper} is in a minutes time turned Irom a white into 
a dark yellow, and foon after becomes black. It jtivts a filhe green 
colour to the Mofs and Plants which it walhes, aiid leaves otten a 
fcum upon them of a purple, mixed with white As it runs from the 
Spring-head, it fomewhat rcfembles tlic Sulphur River in the way from 
Tivoli to fiome^ but is not lo flrange or {linking nor doth it incruflate 

its banks. 

The Spring head is alfo confiderable, in regard that it rifes under 
a rocky Hill, at fome dillance from the entrance, and I^ palled to it a- 
bout the length of forty yards, through an Arched pallage cut-in the 
Rock, which is alfo a natural flove, (as that of TritoL and B^/^') made 
by the hot Bath water running under it, moft part of the top of this 
Cave is incruftated with a white fubftance which towards the mouth 
becomes harder and ftony. I caufed fomie of the Pipes through v\ hich 
the Bath' water runs to be opened,and from the upper part ot the Pipe, 
I took fome quantity of the Sulphur in powder, it being very like 
flowers of Bnmftone, this being as it were lublimed from the w atcr and 
not depofed, it being found in the uppef part of the Pipe, oienm SulphH- 
ris fer cjmpaftum dropped into this water, is received into k quietly. 
Oleum Tartari per ileliquium caufes an ebullition as in the making ot" 
Tart arum Vitriolatum, 

The Second Bath within the Wall is our Lady's Bath, about twelve 
foot broad and twenty four foot long.One end of this is under a Church 
of the fame name. This is fuller of Sulphur than the reft,and more blew, 
and leaves a yellow flower upon the boards, as the others do a 


The Third is the New Bath, without the Town nefar the Gate,when 
I faw it, it was full of People who were making merry and llnging. 

The Fourth is the Jews Bath, this hath a partition in the middle, to 
fcparate the Men from the Women. 
■ The Fifth isSt. 7o/7»'s Bathofa triangular Figure. 

Tlie Sixth is the Beggars Bath, alwaycs (hallow lo as they lie down 

in it. 

The Seventh is the Bath of the holy Crofs, about two fathoms fquare, 
chiefly for the Clergy. 

The Eighth is St. Peters Bath, tliis is greener than the reft. 

The Ninth is the Sower-Bath, this is let about with ftone Balaftres, 
and covered with a handfome Cupola and a Lanthorn, the Water is ve- 
ry clear, in the ftream of this Bath 1 have otten coloured Money black 
without touching the Water ; yet the Water it felf being once cold 
changes not the colour of Metals, although they be boyled in it. 

The hottcft of thefe Baths have net the heat of the Queens Bath at 
Bathe in En^xnd. They ufe no Guides as with us, but dire<5t them- 
fclves with a fliort turned Staff 

Here we met with very good Company, and all kind of accommo- 
dation at no dear rate. A Captain of the Emperour's whom I had ac- 
companied to thefe Batlis as a token ot his love gave me a Gempskugel 
which is faid to be an cxcrefcence upon the Liver of a wild Goat of 
Tyroly and highly cryed up in Germany for a fignal remedy a^aioft the 

• . diieafes 

A Journey from Vienna into Styria^Carinthu, Camioia,FriulL 75 

difeafesofthc Liver, malignant Fevers and thePlflgue,and many are lb 
obrtinately credulous as to think that whofoever takes it becomes in- 
vulnerable for twenty tour hours after. 

Having bathed m the Baths, and taken a draught of the Town, I 
left Bjflett^ and the next confiderable piace was Newlfael, one of the 
chicfcft Cities in At'fjhia ; it is of a (quare Figure with a tuzza in t;.e 
middle of It, two fides whereof are arched and fupport d with Pillars : 
there are four Gtitf:s, three whereof are to be fcen trom the Ptazza; Sr. 
Jacols is the chidirll Church,which hath two Steeples in the Front. The 
Emperor hath a Palace here of a Iquare Building with four Towers, 
which are to be feen a great way otf, as is alio moft part of the Town, 
as lying in a Max ifli Ground, and in a plain Country; it isencompal- 
led \^ ith a Dirca and two Walls, tliC one very low, the other (eems not 
llrong; yet as thrytold me, at one time the /r^/-^ could not take ir, 
but left it upon condition that they might take loraething out ot' the 
Town; which being granted, they took the P ranger ox i^Vhipp/ng- 
Po^yZnd carried it umo ConjhntinopU ; and at anotlier tmie in the Year 
i^z(^. Solyyymn the Magnificent liurmcd it feven times in one day, 
and wasevery time rcpulfed. At tliis place Count Peter Senm and 
trdngipani were beheaded, as being chiel Contrivers in the Huxiganun 

From hence through the Plains we came to Mount Simeren palTirg 
by Neivkhckel^ \vhere there is a Chappcl with a little red Pinnacle 
u hich they fay \vas built by an Englifh King \ I fuppofeby King Richard 
the firft, who was kept Prifoncr in Aujlria in his return from the Holy 
Land, whofe Ranfom built the old Walls, of /^/^^»dr. Mount 5/wer^« 
is a part of Mount Cctlui upon the top whereof lies an heap of Stones 
whichmake the boundary between Aufiria and Styria\ the afcent of 
the HjU is fteep and flony ; fo that fometimes it takes twenty four Hor- 
fcs or Oxen, to draw up a Cart or Coach. 

We lodged at Schotwien or Schadtwi§'a^^ ftrange Town featcd between 
Rocks upon the pafiage of the Hills, the Houfesupon the fides of the 
Roclcs are inaccefllble but from the Top of the Hills^nd looking over the 
Plains, ferve for Watch-Towers ; thisisaclofe ftrong place, and called 
h\{ovc\.tClatfJtra Jnifrz^ ; having the Mountains on each hand, and 
ihut up with a Gate at each end ; a fmall current coming down from the 
Hills, is admitted into the Town under the Wall, which put me ia 
mindof thePidureof the Wall to the Kingdom oi Chzna^ wherein is 
exprefled the manner of the Rivers running into ChtHa^ the Wall being 
flill continued over them. From hence I came to AiehrzufchUg^ the 
place where they beat out the Iron uitc Bars; foto Ke'tmburg paffing 
by a fwift fmall River named Murtz^ then travelled by a Cafllc belong- 
ing to the Family tKStuhnherg^ whicli is efteemed one of the Ancientefl 
in Gcr>rany^ and came to Prug^ ieitcd upon the River Mur or Muer^ a 
livvtft large Riv«¥, but n^t navigabie, although after it hath pafled by 
Graiz and B^ok^'ntmrg it eWkrges. Prug ox Mnrtpons is nor tit built 
cnnfidcri^g the'C6i>fitry,and hath a h^ix Piazza, Another Town of 
tlus name tliekt fcen btfejse feared upon the Rivcf Leyta^ and for di- 
flinitlon called Prug upon \\\^ Lejta^ ^o forward by Luheim wliere the 
Ji?^ple of I'F^ is. f C*i¥!f«? ^^ KmtelfeUt a«d Jtidenhurg ftill nigh to tiie 
Rivci^ i%^/, tftene^^t diy Co/AW/iw^/*.^ zxidNewmark, then to Pre:- 
facr'\ \\'}^t\\ \^^^ pfep-fc tf^ I^o-ve be^n ^irmufn^ others ^acf»-7um,u\ fight 
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y6 A Journey from Vienna into Styria,Carinthia,Carniob,Friuli, 

of Altenhofn^ the Caftle of Itromtz^ and the Callle of Tottenhrun^ which 
belongs to the Arch-bi(hop of Saltzburg, 

Then to St. PYit or St. Faith ^ formerly the chief City di Carinthia^ 
feated upon the Confluence of the River Clan and Wunkh^ it is walled 
about, hath fix Churches in it, a Piazza alfo, and in the fame a remar- 
kable Fountain with a Laver or Bafon of white Marble made out of one 
Stone, which was five of my fathoms in circumference : this noble An- 
tiquity was brought ixomSaalot Zolfeldt^ a place not far off^ and 
abounding with Antiquities. 

In fight of Vitopolis or St. Feit^ there are four remarkable Hills^ as 
the Hill of St. fVi/, St. Vlricky St. Laurence^ and St. Helena^ with a 
Chappel upon each of them, to all thcfe upon one da^in the year :he 
Inhabitants go in devotion on foot, although to perform the lame they 
mufl travel above thirty Englijh miles. 

We Hayed at St. AV//, and bad the divertifement of a Lafine Come- 
dy at the Francifcan Convent, it was in May when the higher Hills 
were covered with faow^ but the lower were all green, lull of Firr 


A Journey fromYicnm into Stma,Carinthia,CcTrniola,FriulT 

and Larch-trees, it thundred and lighrned very much, and asfbon as 
it began they rung their Bells. Many here have great throats, fi)!ne as 
big as their heads, many are blind, divers dumband fools 'vvithal ; with- 
out the Town there is an Hofpital tor fuch as have loft their voice, their 
wits, or are othcrwifc^ opprdfed by their great throats, many of' them 
cover their throats, wnichotherwife arc very ill complexioned in cold 
weather. Men and Women have them, the better fort of Peoplc,\vhich 
live well,drink wine and good beer, are lefs fubjedl to them. I law big- 
ger throats in thefe parts, than any I had obferved in the Alphie par'ts 
o^Sayoy. * ' 

St. f^eit, \^hore name this place bears, was a zealous Chriftian who 
laboured much in tlie Converfion of thefe parts, and was periccuted 
under Diodefuin. Many Churches and Towns do carry his name in 
other parts of Europe, and the People have an opinion of St. A'd-z/m the 
curing of that dating difeafe called Chorea Saucli Plti. - 

From hence we travelled to Saal,ox SoL4a,^wc\tx\x\j a Roman Colony 
an i fet down in the Map oiWolfiar:gi$ Lazms by the name of CJo^iu 
HolueTtfis; a Field near unto it, \sc-\\kd Ager Solaenfis or Zo/feUt, a 
place very fruirfol in Antiquities, many whereof have been carried into 
other parts : in tliis Field I faw that much fpoken of Anriqnity of the 
Kings Chair ; ir is made of Stone fet together in the form of two' Elbow- 
Chairs turned back to back. Upon tliree of the Stones there nre Infcrip- 
tions, but furelv more ancient than the Chair. At the inftalling of the 
Dnk^oiCarintkia, whether he be King, Prince, or Emperor ; either 
he himfelf or hi.s Subftit Jte fits in one part of the Chair towards the 
Eaft, and a Baur or Country-man in the other part of the Cliair toward 
the Weft ; and among other Ceremonies, the Country-man rifes up 
and prefents the Duke with a fat and lean Ox ; the Duke is obliged 
to take the lean and return the tat one, and afterwards to receive a 
gentle box on the car from the Country-man, and to after this manner 
isinftalled. ^ - f ' 

The Church of Saal is verV aneient, and hath efeaped the fury of tlie 
Barbarous Nations ; herein I faw the Tomb of Modesius a Companion 
of S. Feit^ it is a plain Monument, and they have a Tradition here^ 
that the Tomb hath removed it felf about a yard nearer unto the 
Altar than where it was firft placed. On the Church Walls are many 
old Roman Antiquities of good Bajfo relienjo^ which were firft taken 
out of Zolfeldt; thole which I chieflly oblerved were thefe. A 
Chariot with two Horfe:, A Chariot and a man in it. A Wolf 
Inking of fruit fallen from a Tree. Hetlor fasfned unto the Cha- 
riot of Achilles as he was drawn about Troy. Four fair Heads 
unto the middle. Two Wolves , each holding a Horn and a Cvp be- 
tween them., out of which Jkoots a P^'ine with Leaves and Grapes., this is 
over the Porch. Within the Porch is a C«/>/^ holding of a bunch of 
Grapes. Romulus and Remus fucking of a Wolf Two fit^uj-es over 
the Crucifix by S. Chnfiopher^ with fome others, all w-hidi Zolfeldt 
afforded ; where I alfo law many Inlcriptions, one upon a ft,one on the 
Suuth-fidc of the Church was this, 




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78 A Journey from Vienna into Styria, Carinthia,Carniob,FriiilL 

By Ain£xs 


E F O N A E. A V G. 
P R O S A L U T E. I M F- 

alfo divers Roman Coins of Copper and Silver foiiad m thefe purts, and 
I brought away a Medal of 7>^;rf»'s in Gold. 

From thence we came to CUgenfurt or Claudia of old, which is at 
prel'ent the chief Town in Cannthta^ a fair four fquare Town enclofed 
with an handlbm Wall; the Rampart is very broad; at each corner 
there is a Baftion, and one in the middle of each Curtam ; the Streets 
arc ftrait and uniform as well as the Works; there is alio 3 very fair 
Piazza in the middle. For the beauty of this place they are behold- 
en to the Induilrious Lutherans while they held this Country : The 
P.azza is adorned with a Column of Marble, and a Statue of :he Vir- 
gin upon it, alfo with a Statue of the Emperor, but above all with a 
noble Fountain in the middle, over which is a large prodigious Dra* 
gon made out of one Stone, Hercules with a Club Ibnding before it, 
v;hich the people think, to be the Statue of a Baur which killed this 
Dragon in thele parts. This was alfo brought from the above mention- 
ed Field of SaaL There are three noble Maily Fountains ofcfcrvablc 
in thefe hilly parts,, tliefe two of St. Feit zn^lagenfurt^ and another 
of white Marble at Saltzburg, 

Among the odd CuTcoms of Carinthia there is an old one delivered 
of this place, that if a man were vehemently fufpcded of theft, they 
hanged him, and three days after judged of the FacT: ; if he' were 
found guilty they let his Ijody hang till a was corrupted, if otherwifc, 
they took down the body, buried it upon the publick account, and 
laid prayers for hii- foul. Clagenfurt was then full of Souldiers, where 
l!iad the honour to fee Count Leflej/ the chief Commander, Baron la, 
lUy, and my Lord P^ady who had a Company in the Town, whofc 
fingular civilities and favours I cannot fufficiently acknowledge, thev 
obliged me tobe at their Table while I Hayed, and one day my Lord 
Lcflcy carried me in his Barge through a handibm ftrcight cut into 
the U'erd-Sea or Lake of C/j^e';r/x/-r toa houfeofpicafure c^Wt^ Lgretto^ 
finely feated,and which hatli aChappel ui ic,hmlt after the fame manner 
with that diUretto in //o/^, which having formerly feen, I was the bet- 
ter able to confirm the exad imitation of it. Count Lefley is related 
to Monteciicuh^ and fo was pleated to give me Letters to A/V^;?^, and 
to other parts: The honour I had to know the right honourable the 
Earl of bi'&rwich. Earl Marlhal of En^l^d, did muchencreafe my kind 
reception among them, wiiofe worthy name i found not only kxTovvn 
in the Dominions of the Empire, bur afterwards ailbin turky. 

Leaving Clagenfurt, I contifiued my Journey Southward," and af- 
ter a German mile and half crolTed the River Drav2:i where I found it 
already a large fwift River, pafiing over two long Brid^^s of Wood 
and an Ifland m the middle ; and after an hour or two I began to enter 
becw^een the Hills at a place called the Hammer^ where the Iron is bea- 
ten out, and proceeded in order to my palTage over Mount i:«;^<f/. 


m ■ « 


A Journey from Vienna ^;^ro Stvria,Carinthia, Carnio]a,Friuli. 

In a Ihort time entring into as odd a deibrt of Rocks as may be fcen 
vvhereth,re.saj5rcatC.y?.r.ortallofwaters, and the water ha hfo' 
worn the Rocks that a 1 feems to be artificial : the way up is made 
with VVa Is, turnmg backward and forward with great pains, and grea- 
ter Art tlian I could liave expeded in this Country. And in this manner 
we went on winding backward and forward till we reached the h, JS 
parage of the great Mountain Z;.M which is part a of the c5S 

.If u-itT^"^?''"'!-'''';'"'^''-''""^'^^^' -'^'^ o"'^ "^ f'^en^^ft remark- 
able Hil s I ever faw ■ tor living i^aiTed up as high as the fteep Roc s 

and Peaks xvould permit we turned fidewife by a made uay whSi 
led us into a hole or palfagc cut quite through the Mountain imita- 
ting the famed Grotto of the Hill Fa./i/.po, by N.p/es • the ^ s a 
Root of Wood- work in tiie middle, w^ic^i' is'confin^ed unto he 
Car,n,La„ fide ; the Root ot^ this palfage is high, the Icnghth of it is 
156 yards, and it is tour yards broad. b » " ^i it is 

Then:annerofpairing\hrough this Hill was furprizing unto me 

"rk dtr/dd /."■" '""r' '---^'b^-^-, I thought St mi|ht be ta 
work ot the old R,>»iu»s, but I was afterwards mformcd that it was 
much later, and tint in former time there was no palfage into C.r.Ja 
thi. way, but they went about by r.l/ach. At fi/ft fight of this hole 

Ch^nn^r'f r''' ^m" ''' Iconjedured it might be tfe haut tLn or 
Chappel of fome Hermit, but could not imagin how he Ihould come 
unto It, till at laft by the winding and turning of tl)e way up the HUI 
I did notonely pafs through it my lelf, but met with divers ParTencers 
who came out ot CarM and it is fo well contrived, that the Country 
carnages and Carts pafs through it every day. ^ 

In albending this Hill we had bad weather, rain and fierce hail and 
and d:e fnow laid ftill by the way-fide ,- and being fo higli at the time 
ot a ftorm, I had an opportunity to fee the Clouds dcfcend, an<i after it 
was paft to afcend again to high, as to get over part of the Mountain 
and a flrcam o them paffed through the hole out ofc.r.^o^u into r.rr/«' 
r/./-., oppofitely unto us who palled out ofOr/;.vZv.. intoO;v,;W^ or 
out of Ajr»te» into Cnien. ' 

This noble paffige beingalready fo well contrivedand in tl'e CoumrV 
of a aborious and induftrious people,is like to be continued,wlio remove 
the Inow with great pains in the Winter, and keep the way paffable 
and as we continually afcended till we came to this Grotto, fo when u-c 
were once got through it we always defcended,& camefirft toS. ■i-.^a 
two E»g/yh miles downward, then to N.wfiattd a Germun mile and 
half further l^ill delcending, and proceeded forward till we came to 
Cramhurg, which is thought to have been formerly Carmdunun,,-^ good 
Town leated upon the River ^.;^w, from whence through a fair Plain 
four German miles long, we came to Uhach or Lubiana the clvef Citv 
of Carmola ; the River Lalacb runs through it, which falls a*'-er- 
wards into the Su^^,s. It is an handfome City with a Caftle feated up- 

Z!lu "*iV ;'^'V°'''n'''?''V^"'''"Se Valleys to the North and 
5outh, and hath a fair Profped of many Hills and Callles, but being 
oom,T.anded by another Hill not far from it, it is negle(fted, a;t!iough 
^e find that it hath endured a ftrong Siege, for while the Emperor f%- 

mW^h^rf. p '''' advantage to befiege it, but it made fo goad re- 
liUance that the Emperor had time to raile the Siege and delircy the 






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8o A Journey from Vienna /;//o Styria,Carinthia,Carniola,FriuH- 

Army. At Lalach I happily met with Mr. tojh a Scotch Apothecary 
in that Town, who was very civil unto me, informing me of the places 
about, and Ihewing me many Curiofities, and the leveral Minerals of 

thofe p^rts. r i t j- 

This place is conceived to be old Nauportus famous for the landing 
of the Argonautesy who fetting forth from Argos Pdafgicum in Theila- 
ly failed unto Celchos on the EaftTide of the Euxim Sea, but bcirg 
purfued by the King of Coichos his V«flels difpacchcd after them, they 
declined returning by the Hellejpont, but bearing Northward entn d 
the mouth of/Jler or Dambius, afld pafled up the River till they carrc 
to the concurrence of the Dandtus and the Sa%us, and taking up the 
Savus they came to the River Lahachy and went up that River landing 
about this place anciently called Nauportus, and then travelled to the 
Adriatick Sea and returned unto Greece. So that in my travels I had 
been near their fetting out in Thejfaly, and at the place of their landing 

in Carniola. 

From hence we travelled towards the Zirchnitzer-Seey or famous 
llrangc Lake oi Zirchnitz having the Marlhes on our right, hand,and 
the Hills on our left* till wecameto Broumiza, and then palling over 
them we came to Zirchnitz, a Town of about three hundred Houfes, 
which gives the name unto the Lake, here I apply ed my felf unto ^«- 
ffreas Wifer the Richter or Judge of the Town who afforded me di- 
rections and accommodations for the viewing of the Lake ; and went 
down to SeedorffyZ Village half a mile nearer the Lake, and then to Ni- 
derdorffy where I took Boat and fpent fome time upon the Lake. 

This Lake is about two German miles long, and one broad, encom- 
palled with Hills at fome diftance, and upon the South-fide lies a 
Forefl part olBirnlaumer Foreft, which extends a great way, where- 
in are xmny Dear, wild Boars, Foxes, Wolves and Bears. 

Every year in fome part of the Month of Tune, the water of this 
Lake defcends under- ground through many great holes at the bot- 
toms; and in the Month of 6*if/r^w/fr returns again by the fame 
holes ; and with a fpeedy afcent, fpringing and mounting up to the 
hcighth of a Pike, and foon covering that trad of ground again. When 
the water is under-ground, the Earth makes a Ipeedy produdiion of 
of Grafc yielding food for Cartel in the Winter, and at the fame time. 
Hares, Deer and Boars refort to this place out of the Country, and the 
fore-mentioned Forell, and are often taken by the people. 

The Lake affords plenty of Fiih, btit they fiih but by permiHion, 
ibr the Prince of Eckenherg is Lord thereof, and a good part of the 
Country about, but upon the going away of the water, all have liber- 
ty to take Filh, which they do by flanding in the water by the holes, 
and fo intercepting their paflage take great plenty of them, which o- 
therwife would follow the water under-ground, anj not returns again 
until Septemher. I could not hear that any unknown Fiflies were 
brought up by the water, but thofe which come up are of the fame 
kind with thofe which went down, w hich are a kind of Carp, Tench, 
Eels, and fuch as are common in other Lakes ; and they are rather 
gainers than Loofers hereby, when they come up, for the Fifh having 
fpawned before, the fry that goes down hath had about three months 
growth under ground when they are brought up again. 

' ■ The 

A Journey from Vienna into Scyria,Carinthia, Car niola^FriuIi, 8 

The Ground under tlie Lake is very unequal, and the water not near ** 
of the fame depth, but in fome places four foot, and then fuddenly asaia 
twenty yards deep : and becaufe the Filh frequent the Valleys or deep- 
er places, more than the Hills or eminent parts, the Filhermcn wlio 
know the place wet and dry, have given unto leven of thefe Valleys 
peculiar names, which in the Sclavonian^ the Language of that Coun- 
try^ are thefe, 

Vodunas, . ; 

Rejketiu ' . . . -, 


Rlhijhkiama:. . ' ' . 

b^aknijhu* '^ 



t pafTed over the five firft mentioned Valleys, and went to a noted 
Stone called the Fifhcrs Stone, by the appearance whereof they can 
Conjea:ure how foon the water will dcfcend, and by an Hill which 
when the water is high becomes a pleafant Ifland, and then return- 

They can give no account that this Lake hath failed any year to 
defcend and arife again, or have any tradition how long this property 
of the Lake hath been obfer\ ed. Some Lakes have been made by 
Earth-quakes,but it is more probable that this hath been from all Ant> 
tjiiity, and according to the beft conjedturcs.this is the Lngea Pdtu of 
Stitaho, and therelore more Itrange that the Ancients are fiJent in this 
remarkable account. 

The neareft Sea unto this Lake is the Sinus tergeflinus, and Siniu 
Flanatkiu, the Gulf of Triejie, and the Gulf oiQievero. And not ma- 
ny miles from hence are the Heads of divers confidcrable Rivers, aS 
that of Lahuch^ the Corcoras or Gurk^ the Colapis or Culp^ which run 
into the SaTjm. The Vipao or amms frigdtu which runs into Ly- 
fonfo by Goritta, and divers more, but whither thefe Rivers arife where 
the Lake falls, I coulfi Hot learn. 

The Ground not far from this Lake is very hollow and full of Ca- 
verns, and I obferved many Caverns and deep holes in other parts of 
Carniola fomewhat like unto Elden hole in Dariy/hirf, and I was in- 
formed by the moft confiderable perfons at Zirchnitz that the Princ6 
of Eckenherg had the curiofity to go into one of them, and came out 
again upon the fide of an Hill. 

I was upon confideration whether I fhould go from hence unto ter- 
gefttim now Triejle, a Port-Town of the Emperor's in the Adriatick- 
Sea, and then by Ship to FeMtce, but having been in many Mines be- 
fore I had a dcfirc alio to fee the famous Quick- filver Mine at Idria iit 
the County of Gontm ; and parting from Zirchnitz I pafled by Lwecq 
and travelled over Mountainous parts till I came to /aVw, which isen* 
compaffed with Hills on all fides, and a River of the fame name runs 
by It, which although Lcandro Alherti X.zxms[uperb}fimo fiume d'Idrza 
yet I found It fmall and ihallow at the time when I was there, uport 
plentiful rains houfbcver it proves fuiScient to convey down the Firr- 
trees, and other \\ood rtquired in the building of the Mines, and alfo 

M fos 




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82 A Journey from Vienna into Styria,Carinthia,Carmola,FriulL 

forfiiel neceflary in thcfervice ofthem ; and to this end there is an 
handlbmc work of Piles made flopeing a-thwart the River, ("after the 
lame nunncr as I obferved at Newfo/ in upper HuTigary crofs the River 
Gran) to ftop the Trees which are cut down and call into the River 

lix}ve this place. 

What is chiefly confiderable in this Town are the Quick- filver Mines, 
very well known to the neighbouring parts, and exceeding ufeful to 
many at greater dilUnce. 

The entrance into thefe Mines is not high or upon an Hill, but in 
the Town it fclf, whereby they are fomewhat the more troubled with 
water, againft which they are provided with many excellent Engines 
and Devices, as at other deep Mines ; the deepefl part of the Mine 
from the entrance is between one hundred and twenty, and one hun- 
dred and thirty fathoms. 

Of the Quick-filver of this Mine they have two forts, the one call- 
ed Jungfraw^ that is virgin Quick-filver, the other plain Quick-filver, 
virgin Mercury they call that which difcovers it felf without the help 
of nre, and is either plainly to be fecn in the Earth or Ore, or falls 
down in little drops in the Mine, and fometimes ftreams out in good 

Suantity ; as about feven years ago it ran out of the Ear: hat firft ina 
ream as fmall as a thred, and afterwards as big as a Pack-thred, but 
ceas'd in three or four days. 

. That alfo is accounted virgin Quick- filver, which having no need to 
pafs the fire, is feparated by water firft in a Sieve, and afterwards in a 
long Trough, having very fmall holes at one end, fo that there is in a 
manner two forts ot Virgin Mercury ; the one running out and dif- 
covering it felf without labour, tlie other requiring fome way of extra- 
d:ion and feparation, though not fo high an one as by fire. 

Plain Quick-filver they name that which is not at firft perceived by 
the eye, or falls from the Ore, but is forced out by fire, and this they 
obtain out of the Ore, or out of the natural Cinnabar of Mercury 
whicii they dig out of this Mine. The Ore is of a dark colour mixed 
with red,but the beftis a hard Stone which they commit not prefentl) to 
the fire, but powder it grofly and work it by the fieve, that fo if any 
Virgin Quick-filver be found in it, it may be feparated in this manner, 
and what doth not pafsthe fieve,may be feparated by fire in Iron Fur- 
naces, fifty of them in a fire. 

The Quick- filver-Ore of this Mine is the richeft of all Ores I have 
yet fecn, for ordinarily it contains in it half Quick-filver, and in two 
parts of Ore one part of Quick-filver, and fometimes in three parts of 
Ore, two parts of Quick filver. 

i went into the Mine by the Pit of St. Agatha^ and came up again 
by that of St. Barbara^ defcending and afcending by Ladders ; I alcen- 
ded at one of fix hundred and thirty nine ftaves, or eighty nine ia- 
thonas. Sijerm in Kirchers Mundus fuhterrancus makes fuch a dread- 
ful dcfcriptton of this Mine,that it might difcourage any from attempt- 
ing the defcent, which makes me doubt, whether he had been in any 
other Mine, efpccially where the defcent is made by Ladders. 

In a Laboratory,wherc the Quick-filver is feparated by fire, I faw 
an heap of fixteen thoufand retorts of Iron, every one of which colls 
a Crown at the beft hand from the Iron Furnaces in Carinthia : here- 
in are alfo at one time eight hundred retorts, and as many recipients 


A Jourmy jr^ Camiola,Friuli. 8^ 

employed together m drawiiip; over the Quick-filver in fixteen Furna- 
ces, fifty in each Furnace, twenty five of a fide, twelve above and 
thirteen below ot eacli fide. ' 

^^f- 12. 1669. When I was there they carried out forty faumes of 
V^uick;lilver into Foreign parts, each liumc containing three hundred 
and h teen pound weight to the value of four thouiand Ducats of Gold 
though the conveyance be not eafie, ior it is earned upon Horfes 
backs, two Imall Barrels upon each Horle, yet feme is fent as far as 
a:re^;;;tz in Hu^g.ry for the ule of the Gold Mme, and lome into Sive^ 
den. and other remote parts. 

In the Gallic I (aw three thoufand faumcsof Quick rj^^^ 
Barrels the Quick-filver being firft made up in double LeatheF: and m 
another Houic as muck rich Ore as can be deftilled in two rears, except 
they have great plenty of rain to bring down the wood/ but the Hills 
being high about tliem, it fnows at the tops of them oftner than it 

Thoic Strangers wlio come into the Caftle of /./>/.,,have their names 
let down in a Regu'lcr-Book, with the Country of which they are Na- 
tives, and the Catalogue is large, but o\' E^gljjh men there are few ■ of 
late years oncly Mr. Evehn and Dr. Pope, with their Company' of 
wliole obicrvations there is an hnnd fome account in the Philofophical 
TranlaChons (ome time fince. This place is the more gratefuj to Stran- 
gers in relpedlthat it being a Frontier Town, and bordering upon di- 
vers Nations, many Languages are underftood here, and I obferved that 
the- c were five fpoken freely by the Officers and better fort of People 
Leudes French which was not excluded from this place, though not fo 
eltcemed or defired. viz. Irmliart, ScUvoman, German, Z.j//« and Ita^ 

Leaving Llria I pallid over Swaruaiherg or the black Mountain, and 
dciccnded about ten miles through a flony Country far worfe than the 
Crau or Itony Plain in Provence, and came to Ado(hint, and then to Go- 
rttia or Ncreja ot old, the chiefefl place of the Country oiGorhia well ^""'"'''' 
Icared and overlooking a iair Plain to the South-Weft. The Empe- 
rors Governour ot this Country lives in the Caftk-, and hath had of 
late a Guard granted unto him, having been fet upon by a Gentleman 
ot the Country, who tor that fadt was banilhed , and his Houfe 

Travelling in the night, we had fometimes about us a great number 
ot large Glow-worms, which put into papers gave a dim light : and in 
fome pinces in the Plains the Air was full of flaming flies affordina fome 
deligtit to us. ° 

The Carniulnim fpeak a DialecT: of the Schvonian, but in thefe parts 
they have a Language called L,ngua Fnllana, or Fnukna-, he that 
Ipeakerh Italian may underftand much thereof. The Lords Prayer in 
that Language begins thus, Pari Nejlri di ees in Ctjlfee Smtiftcaat 
tuto nom, CS'c. ' 

That neat kind of Acer whereof Violins and Mufical Inflruments 
are made, profpers well in thefe parts, as alfo in Camiola and Sahzhur?- 
landt, where they make Trenchers and Tables of it, «nd at an eafie rate- 
I brought (ome of the tair broad Leaves fi-om thence. 

. V^''!''!",^ ^"■''''' ^ P^^^^'^ ^'^^ ^^^^'^ ^'"*^"*' or Lifonzo which arifina 
tn tl)e Hills above runs into the Adriatick Sea. Near this River, OdoacTr 

Mi vvho 


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84 A Journey frovi Vienna i/ito Styria,Carinth]a,Carniola,Friuli. 


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who had made himfelf King o{ Italy, was (lain in a Battel L-y I'heodorkk 
KingoftheG(?f/'i. And hither the Turks came under the command 
ot A[a-Beg in the year i 177. in the time di Mahomet the Great,over- 
^xtw ^ercnimusi^Qvello<^o\\r\toHerma nnd a famoi's Commander 
of thofc times, flew him in Battel, together witli his Son and moll ot 
his Commanders, deflroyed a Party ot' three thouland Vtmtiam, and 
fet a hundred Villages on Fire. Alterwards travelling on tlirough Mea- 
dous, I came unto the llrong and well iorrificd City ot'i'^/w^/ A^'^^-a, 
built fince to hinder the like mcurfions. 

Ail this long Circuit until wc came within a male of Falma Nova we 
were in the Emperors Dominions, which are much larger than com- 
monly apprehended, and having looner or later itcn the grcateil part 
thereof, I cannot but be of that opinion, for he pcfTclIes all At'fjtria^^ 
Styria^ Cari^thia, Canuola, part o)i Croat/a, IJtna, and Frtuli, p.irtof 
Alfatla, the large County ot 1 holts, the large Country of Bohemiay 
Moravia, Silefia, and fome part of Lufatia, and a conriderablc part of 
Hungart^ ; from Preslourg to Tockay and ZatLmar, above two hun- 
dred and fifty miles, and the Inhabitants of ihele Countries being an 
hardy ftout and valiant People, I cannot but think him a great and 
powerful Prince, and an happy Bulwark of Chnflendcm againll the 

Palma Nova in Friuli is the largcfl; regular Fortification I have ob- 
fervcd, it hath nine Baftions, bearing the names of fome noble P'ene- 
tians, which have little to be excepted againft but their round cars, on 
each Curtain there are tv^o Cavalliers, the Rampart is much higher 
than the Wall, upon which there are planted a hundred good Gun.v, 
and mawy more ready upon ali cccafions, the Ditch is thirty paces 
broad, and twelve deep ; it is kept dry to render the Town more 
healthful, but may be filled with water upon oecafion, as that oiVten- 
na, much whereof is kept dry leail it Ihould injure their deep Cellars; 
there are three Gates, Porta Mantima, Porta di Cividal, and Porta di 
Vdtnt. Between the Porta Marittma, and the Porta di Vdine lie thcle 
three Baftions Fojcarlni^ Savorgnan and Gnmani, Between the Fcrta 
di Tjdinc and Porta di Civtdal are three others named Barbara, Dona 
and Mont€. And between the Porta di Civtdal and the Porta Manti- 
wrf are thefe three. Garzoni,ContariTii and Villa Chzara. They were 
then making one fair Half-Moon before each Gate : In the Center of 
theQty is fixed a Standard over a Triple Well, in the middle of a 
Sexangular Piazza, from whence a man may lee the three Gates and 
fix Streets quite through the Town. The Piazza is beautified with the 
Front of the i?ow<? Church, divers Statues, and an Obelisk much gil- 

In the middle of the Bridge there is a Draw-bridge made with fuch 
Artifice, that the sentinel difcovering any force approaching, may by 
onely touching a certain Iron with his foot draw up the Bridge ; many 
handfom contrivances for Draw-bridges I had i^^w in other parts, 
fometimes many upon one Brxlgc, and not onely one alter or behind 
another, but alfo fometimes two or three on a breit, the our( rmcll: ;:>nes 
ferving for tlie retreat of the foot, that in the middle tor ue Hcrfe and 
Carriages. Some Draw- bridges are not to liJt up, but to be drawn on 
one fide, and fo bv onely turning of it l4kc to the opening ol a Gate PaP- 
fcnger-s are conveyed over the Mo« and laaded j but thofe which 

- ^ ■ picaled 

Tjourneyjr-om Vienna into Sr/na, Carmthia,Carn iokFriulL 85 

plcalcd mr moil: v/cre the Dr.i'-v- bridges at .-ifyijfer^jm, which part in 
the middle, and a Vcllcl tliciigh under fiiil mav pafs them, without 
tlie help ofanv one on flioar, for tlie IViaft. head, or break-water of 
the Ship bearing a;:ainft tlic Bridii,e in the middle, opens it. 

At PaUu f^'ova tlic Vcvetiam have made a cut trom the Sea to the 
Town capable ot good VcircLs,and broad and deep enough to bring pro- 
vifions and luppUes upon occahon to this place. 

This is at proient efteemed one of the nobleft Fortifications in Enrfpe^ 
begun by the Vaietiam i J94. and is a notable Bulwark of their State 
and Italy, for this way the Hum and barbarous Nations palled into Ita- 
ly, and this way the Turks have formerly made in-roads almoft as for as 

Irrj'ifo. . . 1 1 1 V 

Having feen many of the chief Fortifications in Eumpe, I had the 
"reater defirc to take a view of this, becaufe it carries lb great a fame, 
and is faid to have been contrived by Military advice from all parts, 
;7nd as alfo becaufe the Vcnctiam would have it believed to be the no- 
i^ileft Fortification, not onely in Eumpe, but in the World ;^ I heartily 
v^ifli they mav never know a complete T'.<rki(i} Army before it, efpe- 
cially when ever they are in no good condition to relieve it. If tlie 
Emperor,tIirGUgh wb.ofe Countries the turks mult pafs to come to this 
place and the RepubHck hold firm, it will be hard for the Turk to 
come unto it, and if the Turk fliould be at luch a peace with the Fene- 
tians as may' bind up their Fleet trom alhfting the other parts of Italy, 
he lliall not need to attempt it or make liis way into Italy by that 
place for vi hether the Naval Forces of Italy without the alfiftance of 
the Venefun^, be able to refill a complete furkijh Fleet, fo as to hinder 
landing and falling upon that Country fome other way, is much to be 

doubted. ^ ,. », ~ r i. rr 

From Talma nnxa I went to Mar an St. Vito, a Port Town of the Fe- 

neiians in Tr;uli, fo named from St. AV/o, who is faid to have been bu- 
ried in this place. , r i- i u /i r e- ■ /• 
At this Town we took a FellHca, and fay ling by the flioar of Frmlz 
or Tatr'a we paffcd by Tirlo di Taiamento, and came to Cahorle. In 
th=s illand there is a Church dedicated to the BlelTed Virgin feated up- 
on the Sta-tlioar nigh the Waves, yet faid never to be overflowed by 
the Sea being as it were the Halcjon Ncft ot its Patronels, and a 
place of remarkable devotfon. On this ilioar we refretlied our felvcs 
and were divertifed at Sea in feeing them take She!l-fi(h, and then paf- 
fins by i:^Te«2^,where tlic Sea came formerly up as high as OpitergtHm, 
and afterwards bv Porto di Piave, I arrived at remce entnng by the 
Porto de Cajlcin 'pafTing by the Carthujians Convent, and landed at the 

Piazzao{St.Mark. , r 1 rr J . 

Here I found the whole City highly concerned tor the Hazardous 
Stztt o'i Ca>idia, which was loft foon alter, Dominico Cantanm thepre- 
fent Duke was fedulous in that atTair. The Voyage of (ihtron Francifio 
Marche/e Filla, General of the Infantry of Ca«i//^, with a journal ot a 
Siege had been lately publilhed, and was in many hands. 

There was alfo afupi^y of Auxiliaries in good readineft ; it was at 
that time a more than ordmary hot Scafon, and fome of our Englijh 
Sea Captains and Mafters told me, tliat they had leldom met wittt 
luch hot weather even beiw een the Trofuki. 





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A Journey fromVicnmiTito Sty tn ^ Carinthia,CarnioIa,FriuIi, 

Having formerly had a view of I^o^^^TTk^^ 
great Cmes of //^/y and pafTcd feme time at Fa^oa a few vears before 
I made but a fliort ftay about Fen^ce, ai d having reviewed what uas 
molt confiderable, and renewed my acquaintance with fome worthv 
courteous Friends at ren.ce and PjJoa, Mr. /V.ues the Conful Mr //./ 
>, Dr. CWW, and others, I difpofed my affair for my return to 
y/enna the ordinary way, "^ 

In order thereto I took Boat at Fe^ke and landed at Me/lre a pret- 
ty Town, and the befl: place for accommodation for fuch as travel into 
Germany hy Tiro/, or into Aujlna by /^r/W/; from hence I travelled 
ten miles through a pleafant plain Country till I came to Trevifo or 
T^z-jy/z^w, which gives the name unto the Country about La Marc i 
Trevigtana a handf^me City adorned with good Houfcs/ Churches 
Towers and Fountains, The clear River Sde or ^//^ runs through 
It, and afterwards into the Sea between Mcjhe and Murano ; it aboun- 
ds m good Wines and Fruit, and was a chief Seat of the Lombards in 
thele parts. This old City, after having run various fortunes and been 
under the fubjedion of the //«;,y, and other conquering Nations and 
fometimes obeyed the Signorz della Scala, and the Carrarefi was united 
to the State of r«f«/f^m the year 1^88. It was converted to the Chri- 
Itian 1-aith by Frofdochtmus a follower of St. Peter. Eight miles from 
hence ftood the Ancient City Altlmm founded by Antenor, and de^ 
ftroyed by Attila. 

From thence I came to Lovadha, and crofl^d the great River Piave 
Fla%'is, or Anafus, which arising in the Mountains, pafles by the Ci' 
ties o^Be/iuna and Feltre, then to Canaan or Co.^gUa., and next to Sa^ 
alle or Sactllum, formerly a Bilhops See under the Patriarch of ^^«.7^i^ 
a pieafant and well-built place eflccmed the Garden of the Republick' 
and feated by the River Z/^^.;,^^^ which pa fling bv ^W 

runs into the Gulf of P^enke. b ^. ^ J^^t^a 

Here I took a guide to condud me through the Plains and Mea- 
dows and came to i>///^^.r^., where I again took a Guide to crofs the 
fwift River r^/^ff.^«f. or Tzliaventum ; this isefleemed the greateft Ri 
verinj./^/. anfingaboveinthe?.//^^ A/pes,^n,\mnnmido^n into 
the Adnattck Sea, and often over-flowing a areat part of the nlo^ 
Country, This fwift River put a flop to^heEr^lon 0/ ^^^^^^^ 
when W.r 5^/r.^^ broke into FrM with twelve thousand 

S?ond^ ""^^^ ^" ^^^'''^ ^'"^^ ^" ^^^' ^^^gn 0{ Sultan Bajazet the 

Not far from Spilimlergo I pafTed a neat River or notable Cut call- 
ed LaBrentella, fixteen miles long, made b^ th^ Venetians for the bet- 
ter bringing down of wood from the Mountains to be ufed in the 
making ot GlaiTes at Muran ; it is all paved with a good Stone, bottom 
and fides, -the bottom fs round, fo that it is fomewhat like a Tube 
opened orfpht in two. 

Then I paired by St. Daniel feated upon an Hill by Hofpitaletto 
and came to yenjone a.Town feated at the beginning of the Hills, and 
formerly the limit of the ^.;;.r..;, Dominions ; thqnce bv Re^uta to r^ 
Chiufa, a place remarkable for the ftreiglit pafTage of thr ..hes, where 
the Venetians keep a guard,and fhut up the pafTage every night • from 
thence I came to Fonteia or Ponte Fella upon the River Fe!:a, the ex- 
aa Confines between the Venetian and Imperial Dominions, and 


A JouY7ieyfrom Vienna />/o Stvria, Cannthia,Carniola,FriuL 8 7 

furely a man can feklom pafs more clearly and diftindly from one 
Country unto another than in this Town ; on one fide of the Bridge 
live Itidians^ Subjects unto the State o{ Venke^ on the other fide Ger^ 
wans, Suhjedts unto the Emperor. Upon the one fide their Buildings, 
their manner ot livmg, their empty Rooms, large Windows, Iron Bed- 
Heads ihow them to be Italians : On the other fide immediately thtir 
Stoves, higher Bed- (leads, Feather-beds one over another, Iquare Ta- 
bles, and tlieir Balbn and Cloth by the Wall declare them to be Ger*' 
wans ; the Bridge it fell" is alio half /r^//*;?;;, halt Datch^ one part being 
built of Stone, and the other of great Tiees laid over after the German 
talhion of making bridges. Between Ven/one and Ponteha there are 
many great Cz/t^/^rf .J or talis of waters j but of feveral pailage^of the 
Alpes this fecmcd unto me the bcil and molt eafie. 

In thele Mountainous places t was entertained with ftrange ftories 
of the Snow which covers thefe Hills in the Winter, as how many 
pikes length the Snow was deep in Ibme places, how round the Coun- 
try would look when all the craggy Rocks uerc covered, how a Snow- 
ball thrown 'iown from a Mountain would fo gather and augment ini 
the fall, as to do great mifchief in the Valley, and that if the fmflleft 
Bird Ihould tut fcrapc with her foot at the edge of an high Hill, that 
little beginning might lo encreafe in the defcent, upon a thaugh, 4s to 
over- whelm an Houfe at the bottom. 

From hence by Tervis^ and 77/-/, unto ViUach^ or Villack, an hund- 
fome Town, and one of the chiefeft in Cannthia ; but before I came to 
Plllach I went to fee the Natural Baths which were not much out of the 
way at the foot of an Hill about an Englifh mile from the Town and in 
good efteem. There are tv\o clear Sulphureous Baths, but very gent- 
ly warm, and have an acid and no unpleaianttafte ; the bottom is not 
planchcrcd nor paved, but hath its own natural Spring and Settlement 
with It ; yet mto one there is a hot Spring let in which arifes by it 1 
they arc large and have Hairs to delcend into them, with little Rooms 
of wood about them for accomtnodation, they are covered over, and 
they bathe in them cloathed with Ihirt and drawers as in Au/iria. 

Not far from hence is a Lake called the OJfiucker See^ from Offiack a 
Town upon the fide thereof, and is one of the moft confiderable Lakes 
in Cannihia^ there being befides it, thefe which are remarkable, the 
White Lake, xh^ MiUJiatter^xht PJ^erd^ and the Forchten; this Lake 
doth net onely abound in Fifii, but affords great plenty oiOffiacker 
Nuts, whit^h the people eat, and fome make Bread of; which notwith- 
flandmg upon examination I found to be no other than very lar^e Seeds 
oiTrihulus AquaticuSy or water Gallthorps. 

From yillacb I ibon came to the Werd See, and keeping it continual- 
ly on my right hand, I travelled by the fide of it till I came to Clagenfur- 
te^ and then palled again to St. Feits^ where I met Mr. Donellany from 
whom, upon my former defires to him, I received an account of the 
great Lead Mines in upper Carinthta at Bleyberg, where they have 
worked eleven hundred years, and the Pits are deep ; Federnus Stollen 
or Cun'icidiis is an hundred and ten fathoms deep in the Earth, and the 
Hills fo hiLZ^h about it, that upon the melting of the Snow in the Spring, 
there is often mudi hurt done, the Snow fowling and falling in fuch 
vail heaps that nothing is able to refift it, fo that in the year 16^4. it 
iell fo vchementlv tliat it deftroyed and carried away fixieen Houfes. 


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88 A Journey from Vienna into Sty ria, Carinthia,Carniola,FriuIi. 

He prelented me alio with many handfome natural Curiofkies colJcd:- 
ed by him in thole parts, one of which among the reft I cannot but 
mention which was a rich large fair piece of natural Cmnahur found in 
Cretvait, or in the Foreft oi' Cre, two German miles from St. Feits in 
the Lordlhip of Oojhrwitz, where there hatli been great quantities 
found out, for the H/'err von Staudach above thirty \cars ago as he 
was hunting in this Foreft, being thirfty and la}'ing down to drink 
out of a little ftream which runs from the top of the Hill, he per- 
ceived the ftream to be full o'i Cinnabar, but fince it hath been fo dili- 
gently fearched after, that without working and digging for it there is 
Jittle to be found. 

From St. Veitz I continued my journey by Friefach, where formerly 
there was a Gold Mine, and then by Newmark, Hundtsmark^ FeltfiU 
KnitelfeUt, Luibm, Prug, Keimherg, Mehn-u-SchLig, Schadtwiof^ Nem- 
kirckel, Newftadt, Sfllmjiv, Trajkirchel, Newdjrff, to Wien. 

This my return from Fenke to Ftema, about three hundred and fif- 
ty Italian miles, was the moft quiet journey I ever made, for not meet- 
ing with good Company I performed it alone, and upon one Horfe • 
and although there are feveral Nations.and no lefs than four Lanrrau^cs 
fpoken upon this road, yet I met with no difturbance from any nor 
did any one ask from whence I came, or whirher I would go, no'trou- 
bleas to Bills of health, and good accommodation in the Inns at an ea- 
fierate, they are for the moft part a plain People, make good Sourdi- 
ers, little mutinous, but obedient to commands, and hardy, and are of 
good ufe and fervice unto the Emperor. 

In my travels in Germany I leldom failed to meet with Jews but in 
this journey I met with none, or fuch as I could not well d;ft'in<^ui<h 
for though there were then whole Villages of Jews in Auflr/a yerthev 
were prohibited in Stjria, and feverelv bani/lied out o{ Carin^bia fo 
that for thofe Jews who travelled between Fenice and Fiemu • the 
Emperor dilpenccs with them as to their Ruff; and the Feneti\ns as 
to their red Hat. 

To fay any thing of P^ienna may feem fuperfluous, divers having 
written thereof, and it might fall better in, if ever I Ihould defcribe mv 
journey from the Low Countries to Fienna, and from Fienna by the 
way of Moravia, Bohemia, Mifnia, Saxoma unto Hamburz ■ mean 
While I would no longer defer to give fome account of places lefs 
known or lefs defcnbed in Pannonian, Dacia», M^/ian, Grcecian Nori 
cum and ///yrwa Countries, which in their proper order are deliverpr^ 
m this Work. iiv^.icu 

In my Travels through Hu^garia and the Imperial Provinces I 

could not but take notice of fome Afierticns which I could not ve'^i 

Belgrade is commonly counted to be in I/nngaria, and fo defcribed 
by fome Authors, but if ftridtly confidered it is feated in Serv^a or 
Ma/ta Su perior, beyond th« bounds of Huugaria. ' 

That St. Jerome was a Pannoman may be granted, but that he was a 
Native oiHungaria, ftrickly taken may be doubted, for he was born in 
^tndon, now conceived to be Stredon or Strejna, on tlie inward or 
Weftern fide of the River A/«., before it runs into the Dravm 7nd Ts 
accounted in iVfim^rie. ' " ^ 

It is faidby F/,„,e Curjla Sav^ i7o7mmrp^ir„,',^^~^^^:^^ ' 

ot Che Savus is an liundrcd and riftv milcs. uhich if account JT^ 
the^ead is much too ll.ort, and not n,uch mor. InSZt:^, 

JlTJ'y^^ ^''J '^""■'^'•'^"^ '"^" f'^'^ -Dnr.,.,, fcems affirmed by 
Strabo, Fu^mn N,,,^ort„ Jjur^^u. el/ Corcoras y.. r^erc.s accpu, Z in 

R^r 7/ ' "T '': TT\ ^'^" ''^ ^^' *^'- ''^""^ A^-/- /«/i ll e 

into rife r' "' '^'? ""f' c'^'''^' '''''^'' '^'' Merchancl.f s, thi ru s 
into the Savus, and tlic S.nm into the Dravus whereis tlie s' , ! 
never runnetli into the Drav.s^ and when it enters iL A it t 2" 
grade is about an hundred miles from it. 

The diflance v.hichS^,alo ir.akes between Ar^r^ikia and ^Mmrf>., 
or Lalach of four hu,,drcd iflrlongs or fifty m.Ies, though lomtvl 
too fhort may be fairlv tolerated, hut wh^at he delivers of tKt 
between Terge^^.m or Trr.J/e, and the Da.ule not to be made out /).; 
^ Tergejlo ad Danubium, Stadiorum crater mdlc & .W^ that 'he . 
.journey from Ir.e/ie to the Da.ube was about one thou and nd t o ' ' 
hundred furlorgs, or an hundrcl and fifrv miles, u hich is too"l or a 
meafure unto rhe neareft part <,f the A.,./., which w 11 make C 
two hundred and fifty miles ; but the Ancums m.ght fj^^^err £. 
in fince fome of them were miftaken m the true cou fe o 1 e 2.^? 
which they conceived to have one branch to run into tt " <^. it- 

[went this Tourney u'hen tlie Sun was in Cancer, in the Iiotteft tire 
of the year, and the heat u as very offenfive to me'in the great Pa^s 
of F. ../. and Mina ; but in the .;//... it was much more mode at? 

all the Grafs in A^^Jhra was burned up by the Sun, and if there were 
not a continual bree.e about the middle of the day uy.oall^^al 
Plams, efpecially in Southern Countrics.the heat would c intoleSle- 
and I could not but take nor.ce hou' pleaiar.tiv tlie poor Pcafaiif in the 
^//>/«,:s in the Fields and dta' their 
bour u ou d be lively and brisk, fomcrimes playtt C 1 w t^ SiSj 
of a fpan long, luch as they have in thofe Countries, wh L the cl 
Coun ry-men m A./iru uere faint and r^nlpipg for brearli no dx 
any thing avad them that .'.//.., was more Northern then '^tV' 
Car^.tL-a, lor there may be as much difference as to the temperature of 
he Air, and as to heat and cold in one mile, as in ten deg e of Lat^! 
ude, and he that would cool and retrefh himfelf in the^mmer 1 ad 
better go up to the top of the next Hill, than remove into a fTr more 
Northern Country. I have been readv to fVeeze on tl^e top of a H. I 
and m an hours time alter have iuHered as great inconvenience i om 

m'Z^i 'H' ""'f '• f ''V^'^-^ -^"^'' '^" iS: been u " 
H.U with a clear sky, and good weather, and have feen a Valley m- 

P^ar I ' fin n '"'"^ '' u" ' !' ""^^ ^'''' °^ ^'^^ Clouds made th.em 
appear 1 ke fine Down or Wocll, and made the ioi\,{i Aveeteft li-hts 

and Ihadows imaginable ; afteruards u hen we defeendcd into 1h 
Valley under the Clouds we had no fuch plealaoit Profped but wS'e 
rained upon the moft part of the day. In'that hot Co ntr; of / I^ 
Travdlers complain moft of the cold they fufTcr in palling^ t e H.l? 
The Mountains in Ita.j and 6>.« are fome of them with "now 

^ and 




^t-H •- 

A Journey fromVKV\n2i into Styria,Carinthia,Carniola,Friuli. 

and Ice all the Summer long. I have beard that Mount Atlas is fo alfo, 
from Dr. Butler who lately travelled in thofe parts, and from others ; 
when in Great Britain there is no fuch thing. At U»don we have 
Winters for the moft part favourable, when Captain James who went 
to difcover the North- weft palfagc, and to fearch if there were any 
communication between the Atkntick Ocean and the South Sea in the 
Northern part of America^ as there is in the Southern, fuffercd more 
hardfliip in the fame degree of Latitude then the nine E«giijh men 
who were left all the Winter in GreevLnd, and Baffin, on the contrary, 
upon the fame defign had a pleafant Voyage in an open Sea, and met 
with Inhabitants upon the Shoar, till he came within nme degrees of 
the Pole. But I fliall wander too far out of the way, and therefore wUl 
put an end to this Difcourfe. ' 








iN the year 1668. I left the large and pleafant City of 
N.w and went by land to Tarry>outb,z Port Town 
in Norfolk at the mouth of the River HieruslilTr^. 

tere'nr H '^' and populous very confiderable fo^ 
the great Herring fiflnng in the Autumn, and the 
commerce it maintains in the Streishts • Balt^t 
. Brn^Jh and G.r«,^« Seas : With llaliam Fri t 

Spaniards, Dutch, Danes, and Swedes I wis h^. nil i ' ''^'^' 
by that worthy and oiling ^^ \Zl, ^X^f ih? affo Ir' 
mfl.t me with Letters of Credit, to Amjlerdam, FraikfoZreft Zd 
Fienna - Whereby I was readily and handfome y accommodate lin^M 
Parts where I Jiad afterwards occafion to travel "'^^"""^^^^^^'^ '^ ^11 
AugHJl the 14. about fix a Clock at Night I went aboanJ rh^ j . 1 
Ketch m larn:cuth Road, a V.flbl of about 4 Tuns 3, ^'^" 

dmelyletf.ylfor,,..W,^, ^,, Cl7,.'r^Jj::^:^ ^^^^l^' 

be n f h"^''''" "",' '^'^ """''^''^ "^ ""^^ ^=^"d' ^ot taken notice of 'to 
be raifed above twelve years before. We kept our courfe aH nkh^ 
Eaft and by South, and Eaft South-Eail. The Sea burned at L& 
of the Ship at the beginning of the nisht but th^Mn^. Ir , 
appeared nothing but'froth.' In the ZLg ^e d^^^^^^^^^^ 
Steeple. It is tlie cuftom upon all this coaft to f nd Tut PvloT-£^^^^ 

brhrh ' 'u ""''l f ^^''^'' " ^''^ ^"^' ^^"^^^ them wkhfets to 
bring them through the fands, and no Ship ,s to refufe one H^Sn^ 

^'^•^^irS:^:^:::"^;!^''''^^ ^'^^ -':;:^:nd-th"n^; f 

Which an.n:-:;th^^--^s^v^^^ 

A Journey from Noru ich to Colcn. 

tluH Dinant, Namur, LiC'C, ALieJlricht, Rurcmond, rcnio, and many 
confideiable Places, dotli here tall into the Ocean, wc had a very plea- 
fant paflage up the River,laylingby many neat Villages, as Maeje-fluys, 
Scledam.'^Deifshaverj, and handler, c rowcs ol Trees upon the lhoic% 
and arrived at Rotterdam about fix at night. This t. one ot the three 
chief pafTages by Sea into Holland, the other being by Fliijhvig and 
the lexel^ The nearell cut out o{ Englaid into fiolunJ \s troni La:- 
fhfe Point to Gra'vefa^idt, which is 18 Leagues, and the deepeft part 
of the >:ea is about x8 Fathoms. There lay tu o\ the greateft Ships 
in Holland at that time near Rctterdam, the Crar.i: and the Wajfenaer ; 
this latter built in lieu of that in which Admiral r^pdam was blown up, 
fighting againft his Royal Highnefs the Duke of 7.r.(^ how King of 
Great Britain, France and IrelarJ, &c. who thus early cxpofed his life 
to thefe extrcam hazards for the ialcty of Er?gLind and his other King- 
doms. The Heads or Keyes between uhich ue entrcd the Town by 
water are handlbme, and Ships of great burden are received into the 
middle of divers ftreets without difficulty, (their Channels being deep 
and large) the houfes are well built, and the Town populous, they ha\ c 
an Exchange or place tor Merchants to meet at, the ftreets are fo clean 
that the Women go about in white Slippers, they being paved with 
Bricks laid edgewife. The Landthujje hath a fair h'ont. In tlie great 
Church the Organs, the Tower and the Monument of De wit ; upon 
the Bridge the Statue of Erafmus, as alfo the houfe where he was born, 
and the Pleafare boats of the States are worth the feeing. It being 
then the time of their Kermh or Fair, there were Playes aded and 
many rarities Ihewn, as Lions, Leopards, &c and a great noife was 
i^ade about a tail Woman to be lliewn of k^^n foot high ; but the 
Boor of Leckerktrk, not far from this Town, was higher. Earjom and 
Evans, Porters to King Charles the firft, did alfo exceed her, Tlie Injh 
Youth who hath not yet done growing by divers years, fliown in ma- 
ny places, is already Seven Foot and feven Inches laigh, but I have fel- 
dom heard of any that was taller than Martin V/ierjki a Polander,who 
at the age of forty two years was prefented to the Emperor Maximi- 
lian the lecond, as a rarity of nature, and was full eight foot high, 
whofe Pidurc, as big as the life, I faw^, near to the Franajcans Convent 

at Vienna in Aujlria. ^ , t r^ i 

From Rotterdam \ pafled by Oirrjcbee to Delft, by the Powder- 
houfe, wiiich is a handfome one, built now at fome diftancc from the 
Town to prevent the like accident which befel when the former took 
fire and blew up part of the Town, The Piazza or market-place is a 
very fair one, having the frons of the Town houfe at one end of it, and 
the high Steeple of the new Chujrch at the other. In the old Church, 
yan-lromps Tomb is very well carved upon the fide of the Wall, him- 
felf lying upon a Canon encompaffed with Arms and trophies. In the 
middle Ifle of the new Church there is a nobic monument, the Toiub 
of William of Nafaw Prince of Orange, together with lus Wife and Son, 
Prince Maurice; his Statua is in armour with his Dog at his Feet, and 
four Obelisks arc fupported by ten Marble pillars. In a houleof this 
Town there were Ihewn me in a Wall the marks of the bullets ibot at 
Prince William, who was thereby murthered 1584. and in another 
Church which was broad and Ipacious I fawa handlome Tomb for Su 
Charles Morgans Lady, and the Monument oi Peter He'in the Admiral, 
who took the Spamjh Silver-fleet. The 

A Journey from Norwich to Colcn. 

The Plague, Haga Comitis^ the ancient place of Rcfidcnce of the ^'^i^'*^- 
Counts of Holland, and now oi the States general ; is about an h(u?rs 
going dillant from Delft -, in wliich p;^<Iiige, at fcmediftance, we had 
a light of two of the Prince of Or^;;;^^V houles. This place is well 
bulk ; the Princes Court handlome ; The Piazza bv it full of green 
Trees ; many fair Houfes. The Courfc where the Coaches meet, the 
Pall-mall, the Wood, the Park, do much bcautifie it, and the way from 
hence to Schezeling, from whence his late Majclly King Charles the 
Second returned into England^ is very remarkable, it being a flreighi: 
way cut through the S.uid-hills, and paved with Brick for three miles, 
having on tacli hand lour or five rou s of Trees, and Scheveling Steeple 
ar the end of it. 

The Hague ^x\l\ Madrid in 6'/t?/>' arc accounted the grcatefl Villa- 
ges, or open unwallcd places, in Europe, and the Hollanders have 
thought it more honour to be Mafters of the grcatell Village, than of 
a place which, if it were walled, would come ihort of many Cities 5 
but this may prove a dangerous refolution, for formerly upon this ad- 
vantage, Martin van RoJ/er/j, Captain to the Duke of Gueldres, lacked 
the Hague ; and it was lately in the like danger when the French 
Forces lay at Vtrecht and IVordcn-i if they had forced a pallage into 
that part ot Hdland, 

Leyden is three hours or three Dutch miles from the Plague^ at pre- i-^^-i^n-. 
lent one of the neateft Towns in Europe ; Well built, hath divers large 
Streets, beautified with rows of Trees, and the water palFing through 
the middle of them, and alfo well fortified after tlie modern way ; I 
took notice of that Antiquity called Heng^JtC^^l^, or the Berg, faid 
to be built by Plengiji the Saxon, and went up to the top thereof : Up- 
on the top there is now an Arbour, and a Maze or Labyrinth round it, 
and a Well, out of which, they told us, tiiey took a Filh alive when 
the Town v/as almoft famiihed ciuring the SiCge, v^'hich was iliewed to 
the Enemy over the Wall, endeavouring to make their condition to 
appear better than it was, and to dilhearten the befiegers. There are 
now handfome fiairs from th.e top to t!)e bottom, and a good houfe 
built by it, where they have their publick lales and entertainments. 
But a nobler Antiq ity lies under the Sea, than any above ground; 
not far from hence near Catwyck is a fquare fortrefs called Arx Britan- 
nica, built by Cal/gula ; in the declining of the Romiin Empire ruined 
in part by the Normans, and afterwards neglected, and overwhelmed 
by the Sea. But in lome years, and great retire of the Sea, the ruines 
have been difcovercd, and many noble Antiquities brought from it, 
fome having this infcription Ex.Ger. Pif. ex Germania pjjeriorl The 
Stadthuife hath a fair front towards the Street. In the Anatomy 
Schools are a very great number of Skeletons, Two legs of an Ele- 
phant. The Skeham of a young Whale^ of a Horfe, Deer, Cow, Cat^ 
Fox, and many other Animals ; divers Skeletons of Men and Women, 
fome bodies preferved with their Mufoles, and one intire, the fieih. skin 
and all parts delended from corruption. I law alfo here what Mon* 
fieur^^ /^V/j pretended towards the prefervation of Bodies, but more 
accurately al'tervvards at E>r. Ruijch his houfe at Amfterdam. The Phy- 
fick-garden, although but imall, is well filled with Plants, where are 
alfo many other both natural, and artificial Curiofities to be feen, and 

many forts oiOptick-glajJes, Near the garden are the Schools built of 






A Journey from Norwich to Colcn. 

Brick with the Offiana Ehevtriam on the top. In the Churches I faw 
Tnm^T?^"'.'?^?'"^ famous men, in the French Church is the 
JomboiJofephScahger ■With:ihrgt]nkv[^tion upon it, and thefe 
kw words which he himfelf defired might be placed there. 

Jofephus Jufius Scaliqer 

Jul. Caf. Fil. 

Hk expeiio RefurreHhr.em. 

As alfo the Tomb oiCarolus Clufius the great Herbarift. 

Omnia t^atur^ qui nmnera peclore clufit 
Clufius^ kerbifero daudttur hoc tumulo. 

And with this following ; 

Non potuit plures heic quterere Clufitu hcrhas : 
Ergo novas camfts quierit in Elyjtls. 

Clufius viewy all the Plants that this Earth yields 
And now is fimpling in the Elyfian Fields. 

There is a Pidure in the Chamber for the Burgermaflers repre- 
renting the day of Judgment, drawn by Lucas%a. l^l^t 

vcn for It as many Ducats of Gold as would have covered it. Tli 
Tab e alfo upon winch 7./.. of Leyde. wrought whilfl he was a Ta>' 
lor, IS a Cunofuy, becaufe he proved aftcruards ib confiderable a d[ 
ilurber of C.r;..._^, and came to be King of the^/h. ' 

This City endured a hard fiege by the Spam/h forces, and they were 

[nl^'hf T'^'^^ 'T?^^7' ^""''^'^y ^^''^ themfelv^sbyS^^^^^^ 
Sit lof """7^^ '"^ ? ^"'"^"S '^'' ^^"^^^^^ '^ "^^k^ away w^l, 
fc^ption ' ' '''''' '"^"'^ " memonal-Medal with this In- 

^^2/^/ Senacherib a Jerufalem, fie Hifpanl a Leyda nodu f.gerunt. 

From Uyden I came to Haerlem, a neat City, pleafantJy fcated ^nH 
^vingaGrove i, l^l^^^ thVlaS^^ 

Holland, v^ith^y;c^ high Lanthorn upon it. Within are S 
cri^^^^^^^^ Monuments, mofl of which are tranfcnbed a^d ft dou^' 

^\?1K \^^^^^ jf'r^''/'^ ^^//W.r.^. In the Prince's houHre 
aU the Earls of ^.^^;;J Painted upon the wail, and in the G rdfn n 
the Summer-houfe, the Pidure of hojierus, w£ i. td o 
havefirftinvented theart ofPnnti^^ ,n this Town ; but Xs attd 

vXt %^1r '' ^f T^^^^' ^ ^^---- On the other fide there" a 
Picaure of a Ship with Saws, in memory of the manner hovv SL,! 
^^Egypt was formerly taken by thofe of this Town, who, I Siev T 
port, accompanied Freder^ck Bariarofa in an expedition agSth; 
W..5,and when the men oi Pelufium or DaJata had cSed un 
their Port, by this invention of faftmng ftrong Saws to the keS 


A Journey fmm Norwich to Colcn. 

Sliips, they cut the chains in fundcr, and fo took the Town. In the 
rooms arc very good Paintings by Ihmskerk^ and Goltzim^ as hisFro- 
metheus and other Pccces ; but Cornelius van flaerlem moft delighted 
me, in his peeces of Herods killing the Innocent Children ; his feaft of 
the Gods, in which /Wc^;ff /f?/?^' is efteemcd at a great rate; and ano- 
ther Pid:ure of a Frier and a Nun at a Collation, not inferiour to the 
reft, among many Epitaphs in the great Church,tliere is this Df^tchow^ 
for a Man and his Wife. • 

Laet lopen die lopen lufle 

Onje tin h ver lopen ivy leggen hier in rufle 

Let them run, that run will 
Our time's run out, and we lye flill. 

The old Mens houfc, or an Hofpiral for fixty aged perfons, is large 
and handlbme ; having a good Qiiadrangle and a Garden in it. The 
Hofpital alf:) for the fick is very cleanly kept. 

Here I firfl: faw the manner of puniihing Malcfaiitors by whipping 
them with rods, which is more fevcre than I imagined; they lead them 
to a Poft upon a Scaffold, their hands tyed and by a Pully drawn up 
as high as can be extended, and then an Iron fallned about their wall 
to keep ti)em fteady ; in wliich (Iretched-out pofture they receive Ibme- 
tinrcs fifty or fixty ftripes or more, according to the merit of their of- 

Not far from this place there is a great Water, rr noted Lake called 
Haerlem Meere about twenty Miles in length, which is frozen over in 
hard Winters, and men fwiftly travel over it by Hiding or in fleds. 
When Elaerlem was befiegcd there was a Naval fight upon it ; The 
^Dutch having about an hundred and fifty Veflels, and the Spaniards 
rot many fewer. The Town was afterwards taken by Compofition, 
but fuch Cruelty was ufcd by tho Spaniards that they have not \ et 

forgot it. ^ Amfl,rdnm. 

irom /-/a erlern I went to AmHerdanty a City at prefent for Riches, 
Trade, Shipping, fair Streets, and pleafant habitations, fcarce yielding 
to any other of the World. It is Icated upon the River 7>, and hath 
its name, as 'tis reported, from a Caftle appertaining long fince to the 
Lords of Ar/iHel^ to whom this place alfo belonged : At the begin- 
ning, the feat of a lew Filhermen ; but afterwards increafing, it re- 
ceived many Priviledges from the Counts of Holland^ and was made a 
Town or City by the favour of their Grants and Charters. In the year was walled about with a Brick-wall, to defend it againft the 
Citizens of TJtrecht^ they having been in great danger to have fallen in- 
to their hands, it' thofe of TJtrecht had purfued their Vidlories. In 
few Months after alfo, the whole Town was almoll: reduced to Afhesby 
fire, but by the increale of their Trafiick they eafily overcame their 
lodes, waded througli all difficulties, and rendred good Services to 
their Counts, and received the honour afterwards from Maximilian 
the Emperor to have the Imperial Crown over their Armes, which are 
t\\xtt<:roi]es on a Pale. 

About tlie year I5^5•. Gelen, (tnt from the new King o^ Mun fiery 
paflid through Fnefland and came to this City ; where having made a 



■1 ' 









f. - 



1' J*'' 







A Journey from Norwich to Colc 


Partv, and communicated his def.gnjie refolved ^^WmwSlv;;^^ 
by n.ght, at the time of the founding of the I3eli • to whirh m? 
.hey were already entred the Market flace, had ' upo" e Town' 
houfe: and cut m p.eces thofe who refilled them. Wl en by " e^r 
providence the rope to the great Bell was taken away thJS 
flrates had notice of it, and caufed all the Streets in.l aL'h, i ^^ 
to the Market place to be Hopped up w uh S-i' 1 an ^H^ T' T^ 
whereby they were l.ndred u^^hdr^defi^^ o'^J^^^^^ , ^X'^b^' 
night and the next morning their number being d.Wred to be in 
confiderable, ^ upon, driven into the ^.;;i,:t ^na"" 

a n?w W.ll"" ?f ^'^^J' ""'^^V'^ ^''^'^^^''^ ^"d encompaifed with 
a new Wall and fortified aher the modern way. The new Streets 
are large and uniform: and the whole Town bcinp i n . I.TiVf n 

Ivor';';?;";/ ''Y' '\''''r-'' ^" thTconrSb e 6t Ss^'^S 

part of the WalJ anf Ramp n and H^pc/Ltd"-^^ '° ?^' 
Town is built upon Piles, or high Firr tree. aT.^a ^^"^ '^.^°'^ 

larly into the E^rth fo t^ck 4ethS^ Sot!; g ^^e^S 
in between them: And by this means thpv hniN „""',>"" ^^ forced 
and lay Foundations fti Jg enough to tp^^'he^Sefi^Bu^y'"' 
whatloever, in places uhere no fohd bottom fs to be fo^und R^ th ^' 
mull needs be at a great expence and labour efore they can lav the 
firll Stone .• And the number of Trees required to each Fn.m/r^ 
confiderable ; fince for the Foundation of one Tower or sStnl T" '' 
over againft the Church of St. Ka'henne, Urjdlfarnu''^' 
wrote £.. DeUces de la HolLnde, reckons' t^at there u"s ± i^l 
into the ground a /Vr<?// as he nll« ,> ^rc- \ r , . rammed 
.nd ,l,;r| four great i^J: l^b^ul^i^™^ ^ttfS'Zt' 
ing their Foundations, I faw them cmDloveH in I, '. ^^^^^' 
cularly at the £^^y^W..-/.V.an7at a pLS vVere /"^ "''^^ 
was then defigned to be built. So ^v^::^^^^^ 
^. J. could lee all u.ukr tk. Cny, /.. ..,/./ I:ardlj iSdalrlatfr 

Countries. A Pile of Freeftonfof n t ndred Id' e^^^^^^ '".^'"''^ 
being larger than the Magnified Front of the Church of S";"/""'' 
Rorne and eighty one paces deep, or on the fides Tl?e r h T ' '' 
It, the Pidures and Statues, are worthy to be £n ^'^^>'.^^"]t)ers m 
firll Room on the nght hand, orfX-l^JX^^^f^^^ The 
receive their Sentence, is adorned with lar^e Sm f I Malefactors 
their heads in mournful poftures^IfconcfL,?^ '"^'"^ '^"^^ 

vvas then pronounced. ?^he Floors are of Sb tlSl " ^'^^ 
ly gilt and painted. Upon the top of all ilJn ' , °*' ^'"^ '''''^^' 

holding a c/obe upon his' Shoulll^ad '^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
Diameter, which is as large perhans as anv R.ii '^ '/-i t \ ^^" ^"""^ 
employed to this ornamenfal ':t%^.:7,^\r ^}^^, :^'' 
having been mk. I judge to be lefs; as fciffthat at /w.^^^^^^^ 
^"'•^v/^ Ornament to the Tower of their ^i./y«. is th ee rIu/ 
above another, and an half Moon over them but h^v are tr I T 
at Jeaft fuch as I haye fccn : and by relatio^ to^%T.-^s. tk 


A Journey from HoTwidi to Colcn. 

largeft of the three noble gilded Balls at Morocco are infcriour to this 
Bur I will fay nothing more of this great building, die StaMun, fince 
there is a peculiar delcnption ot it in Folio, wkh Cuts and Figures of 
the moft remarkable Curiofities in it. The Excbaw^e is lair and larize 
and above it arc Shops : it is very well frequented, and he that conies 
after twelve paycth fix ilivers. 

Divers of their Churches are fair ; In the new Churcli, the partition 
with Balhfters of Brafs, and the carved Pulpit, are noble. In the old 
Church the Tomb of l^an Hulje and Heemderk are remarkable 
Heemskerk did his Country gj-eat Services in their firft attempts upoa 
/W/*^ : for the King ot Spam, liaving confifcated fome of the IlMan^ 
ders Ships, wlio traded to his Dominions, which were then the Staple 
for the hdia Trade, It was reiolved by the perrailfion of Prince Mau^^ 
nee and the States, to fct out a Fleet of eight Ships tor the /W/^v - four 
of which were to pais by the way of the AtUntick Ocean,and the Caw 
o{ Good-hope I And the other four were to fearch a paffige towards t!ie 
Kingdoms q\^ Cathay and Chi^.a by the North-ealt, whereby the pall^ise 
alfo into thoe parts might be expedcd much Ihoiter than that which 
was known to the Spaniards, 

To this intent thele tour laft veilels failed out of the Texel Tune c. 
1^94. and returned in 6'<f/'/f>w/'fr, not being able to proceed byreafon 
of the Ice. But upon the relation of the Voyage by William Bartnlon 
there were two other Expeditions alcerwards to Nova Zembla ; in the 
laft of which thev wintered there, and Barenfon loft his life. ' //eems- 
kerk was the chief of the twelve which returned from that cold habita- 
tion, where none but Bears and Foxes could w ell endure the Winter 
where he had been twice, and afterwards made two rich Vovages into 
I^tdia. Upon whoie happy returns the Holland Eajl India Company 
was firft eftabliihed, and a prohibiten m de for any other of tliat Coun- 
try to trade thither tor the fpace of One and twenty vear-:. 

But to proceed to other publick Buildings in tliis'Ciry. The Tuch- 
thuis or Rajpelhuis, or Houlc of Corred:ion tor debauched youir^ men 
fuch as are incorrigible and dilobcdient to i^arenrsor Laws/hathlit t::c 
entrance of the Gate two Lions bridled, a proper Emblem, with this 
Infcription, Virtut'is eji domare ijuic cuntli pavent. This Was tonnerly 
a Monaftery belonging to the Nuns of the Order ot^St. Clare, and con- 
verted to this ufe 1595-. They who are put in, are forced to'work and 
gain their Bread with hard labour. I law thofe who rafped Brazil 
having a certain task let them every day, work fo hard, that beiiig 
naked and in a fweat, and the duft of the Brazil wo d flying upon 
tiicm, they were all over painted of a beautiful red colour. Winch odd 
fight made me call to mind the Fancy of my Lady Marchionefsof 
iVwr^y//^, of a Nation wherein the People were of Orange-tawny co- 
lour, and the King of Purple. 

They told us that fome that were committed to their cliarge, and 
not to be brought to work by blows, they placed in a large Ciftcrn, 
and let the water in upon them, placing only a Pump by them lor their 
relief, whereby they are forced to labour, for their lives, and to fr^e 
themfelvcsfrom drowning. One we faw put into a narrow Dungeon^ 
and kept from meat. Some are put into this Houle tor a longer time, 
fome for a Ihortcr. It liath been a punifhm.ent tor luch as hav^ drawn 
their Daggers, or offered to Ibb any one. And iome Citizens, though 

O able 

1 ' , 

A Joiir7iey from NoiwicU to Colcn. 

able and rich enough, contrive it fo that when their Sons are extrava- 
gant and mafterlefs, the Officers feize upon them, and carry them into 
this Houfe, where they are not forced to any hard labour, tut kept in 
till they fee fufficient figns of amending their life. 

This way of Corredtion may feem fevcre to many, yet is not com- 
parable to that which is faid to have been formerly ufed in Germcwy. 
Particularly ztColen^ in the iVhite Tower.zt the North end of the Town, 
near the Rh/^e ; where it is reported, that luch Youths, who were not 
otherwife to be reclaimed, were in a barbarous manner ihutup in the 
IV/j/te Tmer. The height and thicknels of the Halls fecured them ti"om 
efcaping, or from their complaints being heard. Near the top was 
placed out of their reach a loaf ot bread, the lafl remedy againif ftar- 
ving,which while their bold necefHty forced them to reach at, they exe- 
cuted their laft fentcnce upon themfclves, and mifcrably brake their 
own necks. 

Somewhat like the Rafpdkuis is the Sp'mhu'is, or Houfc of Corrcdfi- 
on, for the young women, who live loolely, are taken in the night, or 
can give no account of their living. They arc put in tor a certain 
time, according as their fault m.crics, and are bound to make lace, 
few, or employ their time perpetually in lome honclf labour. 

Thofe of the better fort are permitted to have Chambers apart. In 
one large Room I iaw about an hundred of rhem, and fome very well 
drefled and fine, which was an unexpected light tome^and would furc 
be more Ibrange to behold in France and Eftglai^d, 

The Weejhuis^ or Hofpital for Children, where there arc Six hun- 
dred Orphans carefully looked after, and well educated. 

The Dolhuh^ or a Houle for fuch as are Delirious, Maniacal, or Me- 
lancholical of both Sexes. 

The Gajihuzs^ or Hofpital for the Sick, being large, and hath a great 

The Mdnnenhuis^ or Hofpital for old Men, and fuch as are no longer 
able to labour towards their own fupport. 

Befides all which, there are great Sums of money collcded for the 
poor, fo that there is not a Beggar to be feen in the Streets, and upon 
all aflignations or appointments of meeting at the Tavern, or elfewhere, 
and upon many other occafioas, whofoevcr fails to come at the exad: 
time, forteits more or lelsto the ufe of the Poor. 

The £t7//-/W/j-/^c'«/o- are remarkable, and the great Stores of their 
Cornmodities, Cinnamon^ Creen-^inger^Camph/re^ Fepper^ Calecuts^ hidi- 
CO, (Sc. The Ships are of a great burden : their Houfe v\as then en- 
larging, although it was great before ; and a pertedt Town for all 
Trades within it felf. 

The Admiraltejt^ or Admiralty where their Stores for War and 
Shipping are laid up, is encompalted with w ater ; n- ar to it there lay- 
then 71 Men of War. In the Houfe we favv their Cables, Grapling- 
irons, bullies Oars, Charges for Powder, Lanthorns ior Ships, <£c. At 
the entrance of the Gate hangs up a Came which fcems to have x 
man in it, dryed up, fo as to be prelerved from corruption, and a Paddle 
in his hand : encloied up to the waft in the Came^ in luch Ibrt, as the 
Filli-skins, which were the cover to it, being fo fewed together that 
no water could get in, he might keep the Sea in the greaceft Storms 
without danger. The top ofthis Houfe, as cf divers others alio in this 


A Journey fYom^Q\i\Y\Q\\ to Colcn. 

City, is a Rcicrv?.tory tor Rain- water, which they have the more need 
of, becaufe they have little good water hereabouts. 

The faircll Streets in the Tov\n are I/^irlcm-Jireet^ the Cimel, Prm- 
c?s Graft. A'aijers Graft, and the New Buildings in the H]and\m\-an'v 
G'tte>ihrg, And if they continue to build with Frtelione, thev \\\\\ 
ilill lurpais rhclc, u hich, Ml allure \ ou, arc in no linall mealuiv^'Lc^U' 

I (Inv a Globe to be fold, made bv r'inglawes, letw cen fix and fcven 
foor Diameter, valued at Sixteen thc)u(and Guldens: The Meridian a- 
lonc, bcmg of brafs, coif a thouland Guldens. Tlic G'ole is made ct 
Copper- plates excellently well painted,with all the new Dilcoveries in it, 
as that ol" Anthony Van Dimom\jxx\iS^ found out i6_.}x. in 42 deforces ot 
Southern L:uitude,and 1700! Longitude, thole towards the North-weft 
ot Jap^n, and thole jMaces both about Nova ZemlU , and alfo in the 
Tartarian Sea beyond the Streiglits of t'ny.r^ats, New- Holland, irc/l- 
Fri-fland, Cape d' H) ver. CS'c. but I have fince met with a Book,whic!i 
doth fomewliat contradidt this ; entitulcd A Voy.ig^ mto the Northern 
Countries hy Mvnfieur Martiniere, wlio uent in one of the three Sliipv 
belonging to the Northern Company o{ Cvpenh.-.g-n. in the rear kTc*' 
and by that means had occalion toconvcrle witli the Nonve'frians^ llhn- 
ders, 'Laplanders, Kihips, Boranduns, Siheri ns, 'Zcn4 1 / an s ^ d,nd Samo- 
jedes, who are Neighbours to the Tartars and Tingorjes.'m his 46 Chap- 
terhc exprelles himlelf after this manner. There luving fallen into 
my hands leveral Geographical Cliarts of fundrv eminent and much 
celebrated Authors, I am much amazed to fee how they are miflaken 
in x\\Q\ioi\i\onoiZeniI;la, which they place much nearer the North 
Pole than really it is; they divide it likewile bv the Sea from Green- 
land-, and place it tar ddlant il-om it, w hen as indeed thofe two Coun- 
tries are Contiguous, the Cwalls of Greenland butting upon the Coalls 
of Zemlla, fo as did not the great quantit} of Snow, and the violence 
ot the cold render thofe Borders uninhabitable, the pailage would be 
very cane by Land horn ih-eenland tQ Zembla and from ZemLli paifino- 
the /'^/(?/--wc'//tTMountains to enter into Sanwiedia, h*om thence into 
Tartary or Ahjcovy^ as one plealed : I was am.azed likewife to fee they 
had defcribed the Streight called l'cygatM)t above ten French Leac^ucs 
in length, whereas it contains above five and thirty Dutch Lea^nies 
which is fiX times as much Again, they would pcrfwade us^thac 
through that Screiglit our Ihips might pals into the great Tartarian 
Ocean, which is a milfake. And although thev indeed do affirm that 
in the time of Prince Maunce oi Naijaw^o. Dutch Vellel palled that 
way into that Ocean, yet it is a maniteif error, that Streight being 
bounded, as I laid bek^rc, by the Fater-nolier Mountains, which are 
half a League high, and the tops of them covered with perpetual Snow, 
which never dillolvcs. And of this I can give a polltive teftimony, ha- 
ving been my klf in that Streight under ttiole Mountains m the 'Dog- 
days, v\ hich is the hottelf time ot the vear. 

From thiC Steeple of the old Church of Amjterd.m, I had a good 
Profpedrof the Town, and the great number of Ships King upon one 
iideof It, hke a Wood; and all the Towns about it. The Roofs of the 
Houfes being !harp,it is a mod uneven Town to be looked upon down- it is a handlbine one to be looked on ui>ward;and is not lb diver- 
tiling or pleafing to cl;e li^ht, as ibme Towns m France and Italy ^ which 
* Ox hav 



A Joimiey from Noi'Wich to Colcn. 


r , 1' 




'i; i 

■'« i; 

rt. i 

• >«.' 


Lr ,.. 

V K-. 

have flatter Roofs, or e!le are Covered with a fine black Slat or Ardoife. 
Upon this, and all other Towers of the Town, a Trumpet is lounded 
at Midnight, and in other parts of tlic City at lix a Clock night and 
morning. At elcv en a Clock, the time ot" going on to the Exchar><rs, 
there is good Mu/ick at the Stadthuis, given by the Earl ox Leicejur. 
They make good Harmony alfo every hour in piaving upon their 
Chimes and Bells in moil Steeples, ^nd there is a Mulick-houle or 
Entertaining-houfe, where any one is admitted for a Stiver, hears mofl 
forts ot Mufick, fees many good Water- works, and divers motions by 
Clock-work, Pidures, and other Divertifements. 

During my flay at Amflerdam, I had the opportunity of ieemg di- 
vers Learned Men, and Perfons of Note Dr. Ruilh Ihtwed us m.any 
Curiofities in Anatomy, as the Skeletons of young Children, and Fistuss 
of all Ages, neatly fet together, and very white ; the Lymphjtick vef- 
fels lo preferved, as to lee the vahes in them. A Liver excarnated 
lhov\i' g the Minute veflels, all fliining and clear. Tne Mufclcs of Chil- 
dren dilfedied and kept from corruption : entire Bcdies preferved ; the 
face of one was very remarkable, without the leaf! fpot or chan'^e of 
colour or alteration of the lineaments, from what might be expected 
immediately after death : he had then kept it two \ears, and hoped 
it would fo continue. Hx. Swammerclam Ihewed us divers of his Ex- 
periments which he hath fet down in his Treatifc De Befpiratione • 
and a very fair Colledion of Infedrs brought from feveral Countries ,• a 
S^^gg'fiy of a very great bignefs; an I»Man ScoiopeTidna, or toriy-foot- 
a fly called Ephemeron, and many other Curiofities, Old Claivher the 
Ch} mifl lliev\ ed us his Laboratory : And we received much civility 
from Blifius the Phyfick Profefrour who hath wrote a Comment upon 

The Jews live more handfomly and fplendidly here, than in any 
other place: Their chief Synagogue is large, adorned with Lamps of 
Brals and Silver. U e happened to be there at the Feaft of their New- 
2iear ; lo that there blowing of Horns, Ihouting and finging was not 
omitted : Some of them underftand divers Languages. I faw one 
Mofes di Pm, a Learned young Man, and Orol^io, a Phyfician of Note 
And I was forry to fee divers here to profefs themfelves publickly Jews* 
who had lived at Icaft reputed Chriftians, ior a long time in other 
places : One who had been a Franajcan Fnar thirty years ; and ano- 
ther who had been Proldfour fome years at Thvlouze, and before that 
Phyfician to the King ot Spatn. Juda Leo, a ]ii\v, hath taken great 
pains m making a Model ot the Temple oi Soiomo?,, of SolomoKS Houfe 
the Fort of the Temple, the Tabernacle, the Ifraelites encamping, and 
other Curiofities. I was prefent at the Circumcifion of a Child • which 
IS performed by thrufting a Probe in between the Qlans and F/^puti. 
um, and feparating it, or dilating the Pro; put mm, fo as the inward Skin 
may be drawn forward as well as the outward ,• then by applying an 
Inflrunient joynted like a Carpenters Rule, or a ScdJor, the Skin is 
held fait beyond the Glans, and with a broad Incifion-knite, or Cir- 
cumcifion-knife, the Foreskin is cut ofTcloIe to the Inftrument ■ and 
what remains of Skin is immediately put back, the blood ftopped 
with Powders, and a Plaifter applyed ; the Relations and Acquain- 
tance fingmg all the while, whereby the cries of the Intknt are lels 


■,-•■ X'- X.. * ..'.^r^. 

A Journey from Norwich to Cokn. 

Leaving Ainjicrdam, f palTed by a peculiar Burial-place of the \z\v^ 
who are not permitted to interr their dead within the Wails, by Overs- 
kerk, Bamhurg, and in fix or feven hours arrived at Vtretcht in a Boat 
drawn with Horfes through artificial Cuts of Water, which is the v ay 
ot Travelling in Holland, Vtretcht, and divers other Provinces of tlie 

Vtrecbt is an ancient, large, handfome Citv, and chief of the Pro- Vnj,: 
vince ot the fame name, called lormerly Antomna, and afterwards Vl- 
traj::dum. Long iamous tor its Epittopal See founded by Dazohen 
King ot France, who endowed it richly with Lands and Polil^trions • 
WiUebald, or Wdkbrtde, an Engliihman, was their firfl Bilhop wlio 
converted thele Countries unto Qii-iftianity ; and the followina Bi- 
Ihops grew to powerful, that they were able to bring manv thoufand 
men into the field, and to wage great Wars againft the Counts of //<;/- 
land : Tlieir SuccclFion alio continued for above Nine hundred vear^^ 
It IS now an Univerfity, founded bv the States in the Year 1639 I fhall 
not trouble }ou with the Names of the Profelfors ; ti:e Learned Mr 
Ray, whom I hiid the honour to meet in divers places abroad having 
already cauled to be printed the Ser/es Lechomm of this and rnany o- 
ther Univerfities in the LoK-Countries, Germany, zvA Italy, in his Oh- 
jervatiorrs Topographical, Moral, Fhjfiolngkal, let forth 167;. The 
great Church hath a very high Towe'r, or three Steeples one above ano- 
ther : Irom the highelt ot which I had not only a good fight of the 
Town It lelf, which lay unier mine E\-e like a Platform, but of many 
others allc ; Vtretcht being in a plain flat Country, and fo well feated, 
and encompalled with lo populous a Country, tliat in a davs Journey 
a man may go from hence to any one of fifty walled Towns and Ci- 
ties. The Englilh Church here is an ancient 'Building ; the Pillar in 
the middle ot it, whole Foundation could not be laid but upon Bulls- 
hides, is much taken notice of: It was built 1099. and hath the Picture 
of a Bull upon it with this Inlcriprion ; 

Acc'ipe Pojleritas quod per tuaCccnLi narres, 
Tanrinis cutthm fundo Jdidata '^cd:'.mna ejl. 

There is an old Library belonging to this Church, which contains 
divers old Books and Manufcripts. A large Bil L- in fix Volumes 
painted and gilded after a very ancient manner : Two Idols, taken (in 
time of War } long fince in Germany, and given to this placj by the 
Emperor Henry the fourth, are worth the feeing, not lb much for 
their nettnefs, as their Antiquity and odd ihape: As alio a Horn made 
out of a Tooth, faid to be given at the fame time. There are alfo three 
Vnicorns Horns, little differing in length ; the longeft being five foot 
and an half: I drank out of one of them, the end being tipp'd with 
Silver, and made hollow to ferve for a Cup. Thefe were of the Sea- 
Vntcorn, or the Horn or long wreathed Tooth of fome Sea-Animal 
much like it, taken in the Northern Sea ; of which I have feen manv 
both in Publick Repofitories, and in Private Hands. Two fuch as 
thefe, the one Ten toot long, were prefented not many years fince to 
the King of Denmark, being taken near to No-ja 'Zembla ; and I have 
lecn fome full fifteen foot long ,- fome wreathed very thick, fome noc 
lo much, and others almoft plain : Some largeft and thickeft at the 




A journey fmn Norwich to Colcn. 

End near the hea/j ; others are largeft at (bme dillancc from the Head • 
Some very ftarp at the end or point, and others blunt. My honoured 
Father Sir Thomas Brown had a very iair piece of one which was for- 
merly among the Duke oiCurland^l Rarities, but after that he was ta- 
ken Prifoner by Douglas in the Wars between Sweden and Voland^ it 
came into the hands of my Unckic Colonel ILitcber,oi\\A\om my fa- 
ther had it, he had ahb a piece of this lort of Vmcvrns Horn burnt 
black, out ot the Emperor oi Rufflu\ Repojttone^ given him. by Dr. Ar^ 
tlmr Dt^e, who was Son to Dr. John Dee, md aho Phylician to the 
Emperor of Rufta, when his Chambers were burnuJ, in which he pre- 
ferved his Curiofitics, I [lave k^n a w alking Stati; a Scepter, a Scab- 
bard for a Sword, Boxes, and other Curiofines made out of th'is Horn 
but w^asrcvcrfo fortunate as from experience to confirm its Medical 
Efficacy againft loifons, contagious Dikales, cr an v other evident ef- 
fed:ofit, although I have known it given leveral times, and in great 
quantity, Mr. Charlton hath a good Omcorns Horn, Sir Jofeph WiLUam^ 
Jon gave one of them to the Royal Society, The Duke oitlorence hatk 
a fair one. The Duke of Saxony a flrange one, and befides many o- 
thcrs, I law eight of them together upon one Table in the Emperors 
trealure, and I have one at prefent tliat lor the neat wreathing and 
Elegant Ifiape gives place to none. But ot thde "Omcorits Horns no 
man fure hath lo great a Coliedion as the King o{ Denrr^ark ; and his 
Fathprhad fo many, that he was able to fpare a great number'of them 
to build a Magniriccnt Throne out o\'V icams Horns. ' 

I had the honour to fee divers Perfons of Note in this City ,- as D Cy- 
prianus ah Oefitrga, Dr. Regius, roetius, tlie onlv Member then' leit 
ahveot the Synod ot D^r/ and otheis; but mili^^ddic %htofthelearn- 
td Anna Maria Skur man, who Was then gone cut or Town and was 
forced to content my felf wit!) beholding her Pidlure, well drawn bv 
her own hand, w idi this Infchption of hers under it : 

Cernitis hk picili noflros in Imagine zultus 
Si negat a sjormam grjtia vejlra daLit. 

T1ie Painters Hall is conHderable, wherein are many good pieces to 
be feen ot feverai Mafters: Amongft winch there are good H'^ads hy P^an 
ColenznAUart; h^nd-ski^s hy Soft^kvsr ; and good Drapery eftc- 
cially mlome Turkilii Habits, by Fa^der Alere. 

This Town IS allb beautiHed vv ith a tiir Piazza or Market-place d> 
vers long Streets, and a FalUma/l with five rows of Trees on each'ilde 
In the Church of '6t- Katherine is the Tomb of my Lord Gor.e. 
Thougii I had leen France and Italy, and the Noble Cities thereof 
which are uorthily admired by all, yet 1 was muchfurpnzed upon the' 
hrftHghtoi thcZJrited Provinces, eljx^cially oi Holland, and the ad- 
joyning places. He that hath obierved the eafie accomodation for Tra- 
vel tnerem both by Lmd and Water, their excellent order and reeular 
courfe mall things; the number of Learned Men: the abundance of 
Varieties in all kmd^ ;. tlie mdufiry, trugality and wealth of the Peo- 
pie ; their numerous good Towns • thcu: extraordinary neatnefsin their 
iJuiklings and Houles • their proper Laws and admmillration of 
Julticc; and their mcredibJe number of Shipping and Boats, will thmk 
It an omiiiion to reft m the light of other Couutries without a view of 


A Journey from Nonvich to Colen, 


this. A Country of little extent, and loon travelled over, but lo re- 
plenilhed with People, with good Cities, fair Towns and Villages, as 
not to be met with upon fo little a compafs of ground, except perhaps 
m china. 

From TJtrecht^ in two hours, I came to Frifwkk, and pafled over the 
River Leek to f^ianen^ where there is little remarkable befides the 
Houle and Gardens of Count Bredcrode, one of the Ancient Nobility ox 
Hdiand, or according to comm.on eftcem, of the mod Noble Family 
of all ; theFamilyot the £5w,?Wj being tbrmeriy eftcemcd the Rich- 
ell ; the Waljenaefs tlie moll ancient, and the Brederodes the Nobleft. 
The Mount in this Garden lervcs tor the Rampart to the Town, and 
on a round Bidivark are divers lir.a.l brals Guns planted. The Statua's 
of the twelve defars, of Arijiotle, the Pyramids and Partitions, with * 
the Paintings upon the wall , arc the reft of its Ornaments. 

From hence 1 palfed llill bv Boat through the Land of Arkel, fome 
lay, derived trom Ilercule^ ; belonging formerly to the Lords of Gor- 
cbom and ArKeUid.uW by M/rv, daughter to the lad hordo^ Arkelandy 
it fell to John hzxd of Fgmond, and was attcrwirds Ibid to William^ 
the fixth Earl of UolLxnd, I arrived tliis night at Gorchom, a Tow a 
Well leated, near three Rivers, the Ling, the IVaeL znd the Maes, 
The Market-place is fiir ; the Stadthuh is lunk fomewhat on one fide. 
1 he Governour hath a good Houle, and the Church a very high thick 
Steeple : the Works are of Earth : the Water-gate is handfomc, and 
over it in Great Letters in this inlcnption ; 

Civitas in qua maxima Cives legihus parent, CS" in 
pace bcata^ (y hello invicia, 164Z. 

The more remarkable becaufe it made good its Infcription in the 
year 167^. When Z.r>«/j thj Fourteenth, King oi Frame, cami^down 
with fo powerful an Army into the Loiv-Countnes, that in that Sum- 
mers Expedition ke took thirty walled Towns and Cities, this Wa- 
tergate being the Limit to his Conquefts this wa}' , beyond which 
his Forces were not able to attempt any thing. 

Leaving Gorcum^ I palled by lVorcum,or\ the other fide of the River 
and then by the Caflle of Loz'ejleinfi.ron^y feated and well fortified ; 
and therelbre hath been often made ufc of to fccure Perfons of Note. 
Sir George Ajcue o't\z.tQ ye^rs fuficred his Imprifonmcnt herein, and 
formerly Bar neve It ; upon which occafion this Caflle hath been much 
fpoken of, and hath given the name to that whole party who fided 
with him , well known at preicnt by the name of the Lovejlein. 
Fadion. Paiiing on turther by the Maes y I left Proye on the left 
hand, and IJueJden on the right, and the next day morning arrived at 
the Bojche. 

Hertogen Bojche, Svlva Dhc'is, Eofcum Ducisy Beifledia\ Bolduc , ji^^ g^jt^ 
takes its name Irom a Wood belonging to the Dukes of Brahant, 
It is a ftrong pleafant City, feated upon the River D/Ja or Deefe, which 
enters the AJaes, about two Leagues below it; one of the greatell 
Cities in Buihant ; and for its llrength, for which ns beholden 
both to Nature and to Art, the States of the Vnited Provinces 
pollefs not any one more confiderable , and is a very good 
Frontier jgainit all Enemies on this lidc: it is encompallcd oa 






A Journey from Norwich to Colcn. 

all fides with Fens and Marfliy Grounds. The Aze^.es to it arc bv 
narrow Cauleys, made turning and winding, to be commanded in all 
places by one or otiier ot the fix Sconces or Forts built at fome di- 
Itance without the Toun for its greater Security. Befidcs which the 
HoHanAcrs having lome reafon to be jealous of "the Inhabitants, uhofe 
aflcclions miglit incline them towards tlie neighbouring Princes of 
whofe Religion moft of them are,they have built a Cittadel m ithin 'the 
Tou n, a BricI or pair of Spedacles to look more accurately into their 
Affairs. It IS a handfom regular Fort of five Ballions, each Curtain is 
84 ordinar}- pace, long ; the Faces of each Baltion 6: ; and the Flank 
or Neck 24. There is a handlome Houfe of Stone lor the Gentry at 
, the point of each Baftion, and the middle of each Curtain, every one ot 
which coft Seven hundred Guldens. Here ls alfo a Field Canon of an 
extraordinary length, faid to be able to fling a Bullet almoil as far as 
Bommel. 1 he Piazza in this Town \s Triangular 

This City was made an Epilcopal See, i^s9- The Cathedral is De- 
dicated to i^^.John. In the Quire are painted the Arms of many ot 
the Knights ot the GcUen tieece. And over the upper Stalls or Seats, 
an Inlcnption vn French, which contains the Hiftorv of the firft Inili- 
tution, and Model ot this Order, by the moll Highland mighty Prince 
Fbdip the Good, Duke ot Eurguud^, Uranu znt Brahant^m the rear 
1429, who then named four and twenty Knights, befides the iWd of 
the Omcr, to whom he gave a Chain of Gold, and a Golden Fleece- 
for which this Inlcnption was thought fit to be placed upin his Tomb' 


Four maintenir teglife 
031 eji de Dieu iMaiJhf?, 
fay mis Jus le nolle Ordre, 
Qu'cH ncmtne le Totfon. 

Befides divers Statua's and Pillars. There are alfo fl^veral Monuments 
ot the Bifhops c\ Bojcke and others. '"cuii 

This Town was taken from the King o'i Spain by the Forces of the 
Confederate Eftates, in the year i6x8. after a long and chirpp/nS 
Siege ; in which the little Sconce, one of the Forts towards the South 
did excellent Service. ^^uiu, 

Divers of the Nuns were ftill alive in this Town, but at Vtrech thev 
were all dead. "^^> 

From the Bofche we travelled through a plain Country, fomewfaat 
Sandy, to Breda upon the ^v^^x Merck- A place very confiZ-TKit 
pleafantly feated, and well-fortified. It hath fo^rmerly K^e^^^^^^^ 
works than at prelent- For they have taken away the Crown-wow"- - 
and lett only the Half-moons and Horn-works, and Conferves or Con' 
tregards about the Half moons. There is a large Ditch of Water ronml 
the Counterfcarp and a fmall Ravelin between each Baftion, joyned to 
the Rampart withm fide ot the Ditch. There is alfo a doubk Hay or 
Quickfet-hedge almoft quite round the Town, befides Palifado s The 
Parapet is very thick, and ftrengthned with a row of Elms, and fecond- 
ed vyith another row at three or four yards diflance, round the Town • 
the bodies of the yi^///.«x are lunk down or hollowed away, and filled 
with a thicket of EJm.. Tlie Half Moons are the like without the 


A Journey from Norwich to Colen. 

To wn, and after all, a brcft-work between the Town anM th. d n ■ 

and Caraliers upon feveral places of the Rampart ^ '^^ ^'^^'^'^ ' 

This Town belongs unto the Prince of Or^»^. unto whom it h.fh 

defcended by the right of the houfe oi Naira..%l^^^^^^^^ T^ 

%m:i^:li'trlt:iT\ ^^^^^ withV:./daugEnrHtif :f 

rmip tnc lait Lord thereof, about the year 1400. It was taken bv the 
Spamards m the beginning of the Low Country Wars, and was afir 
Z hi^'P" R ^ ^^ '^' ^"'''^ ^y ^ ftratagem^erform^ by eighty 
Tye rT/.f "theT;' over with Turf, and Jintothe Ca'fli::' ij 
me year 1615. the Spaniards took it again, as by Infcriptions and 
SurT"' are to be feen in divers placesfas that oL the dCr of tKe 

aMlrofl fpInoL<E FlglLantla ireDa eXpVgnata. 

As alfo this, 
l^ILIppVs hlfpanl^ reX gVbernante IJaheLLa CLara EVzenTa Tn 

Afterwards it was befieged and taken by Frederick Ilendrick Prince 
down"^'' '' '" '"^'''P''°" '' ''^' "^'^ ^"'^ °f '^^ Church fets 't 

juxiliofonus Dei, Aufpuiis conf<cderan Bdpj, Ferdtnando Aulhtac. 
^jmni^ Mant^cum ingenti exercitu frujha fuccurrente, a lulii 1, oh- 

llT^ n^d"¥^ "PP'T"'""- f'^'d'"''*^ tienncus Frtnceps araV^ 
jlVs breDaMeJipVgnat jeXuOCtohrls. ^ 

The Church is fair and hath many good Monuments, as RcnelTe^ 
Tomb ; a Monument for Sir Thomas Al^Jlurykt up by the Lord 
Chancellor H:de; an old Tomb erected 1349. for John Lord ofl^S 

on the fide of the Wall ; the Here Van Home and his three Wives - 
but the Principal Monument is that of Grave Hendrzck Van Naljaw 
whofe Armour is fupported by four Warners upon their Knees he 
built the Caftle of 5r.A which is at prefent bo?h ftrong and beau! 

PHnre l'''^'''''^ '^' P'^"", ^"^Z^ '^^ ^"^^"^^^ ^^"^ i"'^"^ where the 
Pnnce came over into the Town. The Gallery, th^ Garden, the 

Walks, and Dials are worth the feeing, the Town is handfomly bi^k 
populous, and generally hath a great Garrifon in it. ^ ' 

Leaving ^r.^^ we loon came by Land to St. GertruydenBerz, t\,^Gcrtruydenbrs. 

laft Town on the North of Braiant, where it joyned to thi Pro 

vinceof^.//W, a fmall place, but a good TowTfbr fifSng ly^rS 

upon a Hill near the great broad Water called de Waert, made by hf 

ailing of the Maes and many other Rivers into it. fh^Town i^ 

omhed and Garrifoned. The Church and Steeple have been Larse 

and fair, and the ruines of the Latter are obfervabk,in regard that t£ 

Steeple was ihot down by a Stratagem of the Princ of Or... ^Wk 

he Govenior and chief of the Town were upon it, to obferte a fa fe 

alarm m the Prince's Camp, and fo loft themfelv'es and the Town! 

^ We 

1-4 - 


^ " 







1 .. 


1 1 


■::.u 4 







■ ^ 






■j ^ 




A Journey from Norwich to Colcn. 

We paired from hence over a large Water which hath ovcrflow'd a great 
part of the Country upon one fide of it, no lefs than feventy two Pa- 
rillieS being drowned at once,the Village of Ramfiun only clcaping,and 
fo by an old Tower called the houleof iW/^ri'fy,to the Maiden Town of 
Dort^ or Dordrecht, 

Dordracum^ fo called by fome from Duri or Dureti fonm^ at prefenr 
Vort^ being feated in the Waves of thole great Lakes made by the Maes 
and WW/, is not unaptly from its fituation compared to a Swans neft, 
it is reckoned the firil and chief Town of South Holland^ in refped: of 
its antiquity, as having fcrvcd to fecure Odocerm\{\^ retreat almoll 
eight hundred years fince, and alfo in refped of its Privileges in ha- 
ving the Mint here, and being the Staple for Rhcnilh wine and Englilh 

In this Town arc many fair houfes and pleafant Gardens. The great 
Church is large, the Steeple 512 fteps high; the top thereof being 
made of four large Dyalls. There is alio an Exchange or Place tor 
Merchants to meet The E^gl/Jh have two Churches, and the Frem'h 
one. The Key or Head to the water fide is handlomc, and the Coun- 
try about very pleafant ; we faw the Chamber wherein the Synod oi 
D^r/ was aflcmblcd i6ii. a large fair room; and cook a collation in 
the fame houfe, in a high turret overlooking the Town and Country : 
Our feats Moving round about the Table continually ,• fo -Ols the diver- 
llty of the profped: made it more delightful. < The great Vellels round- 
bellied, which trade between Coin and this City fcemed flrange ; as alio 
the long Luyck or Liege-hozis ; and the number of People that conti- 
nually hve in them. At my going away from hence I embarked in a 
Vellel bound for the Illand odPa/d'eren, fayling by moft of the Illands 
of Zealand and in fight of divers good Towns, as l^fW/emJhdt, Tirick- 
zee^Tergoes ; obferving in fome places w here th.e Sea Iiad overflowed the 
Land; and in others where the Induftry of the Inhabitants ftill ktep 
it out, by keeping up their banks, and thatching the Shoars of the Sea. 
We Landed at Ter-Fere^ where there is a good Haven and Harbour tor 
Ships, the Walls were built in the > ear 1 3 ^ 7,touards the Sea are round 
towers The Piaz:za is long. The Scotch have had a Fadory here for 
above two hundred years, and the AA/n/«//j of this Place did formerly 
make one of the three States, by which Zealand was Governed, The 
Abbot of St Nicholas in Middleburg repreienting the Eccleliaftical ju- 
rifdidion, and the Towns oi Middleburg, Zinckze, Ter-rere.Fhqhi, 
tolen^ Martins-dike ^ Romerjwal and Tergoes ^ fupplying the Third^: 
over againft this place where a Town had formerly lunk into the Sq.\, 
the Steeple only remains to befeen. YromhtinQQto Middlelurgthl 
way is Paved with Brick i as it is alio firom Town to Town in moffpla- 
Ctsoi Holland^ 

Midd^ehtkrg is the chief Town in the iHand IValachria, feated almoll: 
in the middle of it, being well built, large rich, and Populous, it is tiie 
fourth Port for the Eaji-lndia trade : hath a large, broad Water with- 
in the Town, and a ftreight cut through tiie Land to carry VelTels out 
to Sea, the whole is very well Fortified, the Officers here arc chofen 
by flrangers or Foreigners, tie Churches are many and remurkable.the 
new Church is of an eight-lquare figure with a Cupida. the Tower ot* 
the old great Church very high, the Stadthuije w*ith the old ilatua's 
about it, the round Fiazza, and many private buildings are Confider:i- 


A Journey frc?;t Norwich to Colcn 

blc, and the v\ho!e Country about it is fruitful ,- either divided uno 
Gardens and Orchards, or Planted with Madder, Pomp/o>n,ov Grain 
and Fruits. The Zealanders are generally addidted to the intereft of 
the Pnncc cfOrj;;go% and great Lovers ofhisPerlun. [found them 
not a little delighted that tl;e Prince had been with them fome days 
before , and was made Premier Noble, or chief of tlic States of 
Zealand \ which was chiefly brought about, as I was informed, by 
Penfioner Hubert^ le Sage^ Duvelaer and Vriehergen^ formerly no 
great friends to the Prince, cfpccially rriebergen , who was the 
moft carnefl of any to bring him in, in defpitc to the /lollattders, tor 
General Wcrts his fake, w ho being kx. over tiie Zealand forces by 
thofe of AmHerdam lately atlronted Friebergens Son,who was a Colo- 
nel at the Head of his Regiment. I was entertained at Middlefurg very 
courteouHy by Mr. Hill the Minilter, v\ ho alfo fent his Kinfman with 
me to FUfuiga or Vlujfing hath Stone- Walls cowards the Sea, 
and Mudworks towards the Landj a very good Port.a^daf^rongTown"; 
the waves of the Sea walhing it walls ^ it was one of the firft Towns 
which the Low Country men took ixovixxht Spaniards m theyearz57z, 
and w as made Cautionary to Queen Elizabeth together with Ra>Y.rnaki 
ns and the Bnel 1585-. The renowned Sir. Philip Sidney being the firll 
Governor of it, and lurrendercd by King James to the United ilatcs, 
i6i6. The Sea iboar here abouts is not only faced with rulhes, fiaggs 
and reeds Ibikcd down as high as the Tide ufually arifes, but it is alio 
ftrongly bound over with Ofiers and hurdles and great Polls driven 
in to break the force of the Water, and fecure the Piles which make the 
Harbour or Havens mouth. The Town-houfe is handfomly buik , 
{landing in the Tiazza, having three rows of Pillars in the Front one 
above another; the Lower D^r/Vi-, the fccond /(?;;/r;f, and the highelt 
Corinthiayt ; and on the top there is a Gallery or Balcony to Dilcover 
Ihips at Sea. This is the third Port for the Ead-lndAt trade ; Amster- 
dam and Rotterdam being the firft and fecond : here lay many great 
fliips in the middle of the Town, and confiderable men of War, as the 
St. Patrick, and the Admiral of Zealand : ue faw them alio building 
of div ers ilnps, and when the Prince was here they lanched one to di- 
vertife him, to which he gave the name of William Frederic^^thty alio 
prefented him with a Golden Bottle ; that being the Arms of the Town : 
the Prince Landed at Armuyden^ and went from thence to Tergoes^and 
thence to Breda ; they reported his entertainment in Walcheren a- 
mountcd to fifty thoufand Guldens. The Women in this Ifland wear 
moll of them red Cloth and flraw-Hats; if a Man dies a great bundle of 
Straw is laid at the Door, if a Boy, a little one if a Woman, the flraw lies 
on the left fide of the Door : when any woman is brought to bed, they 
faften a piece of Lawne to the ring and rapper of the Door , and make ic 
up into a little baby or puppet finely pleated, and in fuch manner, as to 
diflinguHh of vrhat lex the young Child is. 

Returning to Middleburg by Land I obferved there was a row of 
Trees round the Town between tl'K moat and rampart, where ordina- 
rily there is only a breaft-work or a hedge, and embarked at Middle- 
^<r^ again, and palled down the River by the fort Rammakins^ and fo 
for the i:'d'e'/^^,SayIing up that noble River till we had palled the Fort, 
Frederick Henricky and came to Lillo ; where we ftaved till the Vei^ 

P z " fel 

'_\ . 


► ^ 


A Journey from ^otWii.\\ to Colcn. 


1 . 



I. 1. 



f . 



fel was fearchcd. Over againfl: Lillo, lies another Fortification, call^ 
ed Lifgens hoek ; the Fort ^e Li croix is the laft that belongs ro the 
Hollanders, and lies on the North fide ot the River ; the Banks are 
cut nigh to it, and the Country drowned for its greater Security, i he 
Spanilh Forts hereabouts to defend tlic Frontier^, are the thtlip^ the 
Pearly and the Maria. 

The River Scaldis or Scheld mentioned by Cwfar is a gallant River, 
affording plenty of Fiih, and convenience for Navigation and pafla^e 
unto feveral noted places : It ariles in the Country of Ferrrfandois, pal- 
fing to Cambray^ Valencienne^ fo to Tournay or DormckfiudenarJ, Gamt^ 
Rupelmond and Antwerp, and purluing its courfe is afterwards divided 
into two llreams, whcreol the Southern is cailed the Hont ^ the other 
runs by Bergen ap Zome^ and aftcrVv'ard into the Sea between the Ifles 
of Zealand - 

The next day morning w^e went on our Voyage Hill up the Scaldis 
or Schelde^ and arrived at Antwerp. Where I had the good fortune to 
fee Mr. Hart op ; one very well known in all thofe parts, and of high 
erteem for his perfonal ftrength and valour. A Gentleman alio lb 
courteous that he makes it his bufinefs to oblige llrangers ; he Ihew'd 
me many curiofities in this City, carrying me with him in his Coach. 

The Walls oi Antwerp are very large, faced with Brick and Free- 
flone, having divers rows of Trees upon ;l?em, broad walks, and con- 
veniences for the Coaches, to make their tour upon. The Bajlions are 
not lb large as generally they build now^ a dayes, yet after the modern. 
way. The Ditch is very broad and deep, the Country about it. all 
Gardens. The Cittadelis a regular Fortification of five BaJlionSy where- 
in lies alv\ays a Garrifon of Spanijh Souldiers : upon every curtam 
there are two mounts or Cavaliers ; and between them below, a row 
of building or lodgings for the Souldiers ; the ears of the Bajlions are 
cut down, and Cajamates made or Cafe matte, and Palilado s fet round 
upon the EJplanade ; the Walls are lined with excellent Brick and 
Stone, nor is there any where a more regular beautiful Fortification of 
five Bajlions that is finilhed : it commands the City, the River and 
the Country : befides this Cittadel there is another Fort within the 
Town near the Schelde, to command the River, having eight Guns in 
it, called St. Laurence Fort. 

The Exchange is handlbme, fupported by 36 Fillars, every one of a 
different carving, four llreets lead unto it, fb that Ihnding m the mid- 
die we fee through every one of them. The Meer or Largeft ifreet is 
confiderable for the water running under it, and for the meetin^^ of 
Coaches upon it every evening to make their tour through the llreets 
ot the City, which are clean and beautiful ; at one end of it Hands a 
large Brals Crucifix upon a PedeAal of Marble. The Jejuites Church 
goes tar beyond any of that bignels that I have fecn out of// j/;/. The 
Front is noble, with the Statua oilgmtiiu Loyala on the top. A great 
part of the infide of the Roof w^as painted by Ruiens, and fome of it 
by k'an Dyke : there be many Excellent peices oi flowers done by Se- 
gersaje/ui e; the Carving and gilding of all the workii is exquifite : 
The Library of the College is great, and the Books dKpofed handfome- 
ly into four Chambers : the Founder hereof u as Oodfr/duj Houtappel 
whole Monument, together with his Wife and Children are worth 


A Journey from Norwich to Colcn. 

the (eeinif ,in ^ Chappel on the South fide of tins Church, [n the Church 

of the Carmeli tes is a large Silver Statua of our Lady, and models of Ci- 

ties in ftone. Onfer Lieven lyowen Kerch, or the Church of our hleffed 

Lady is the greatefl in the City ; and the Steeple one of the faireft in 

World, five hundred foot high : one of their feet is eleven of our inches - 

fo as it is 4^9 of our it^v. In this Church there is much carving and 

a great number ot Pidures highly efteemed; among which one^'piecc 

is much taken notice of, drawn bv r^n'mtin at firft a Smith, who made 

the neat Iron work of the Well before the Well door ; and afterward*^ 

to obtain his Miftrefs, he proved a famous Painter ; !iis head is kl up 

m Stone at the entrance of the Church, with an infcription and this 

Connulialis amcr de Mulcihre fecit Ar^eliem. 

I was at the famous Abby of St. Michael pleafantlv feated upon the 
Schelde; where,among other curiofities, I faw a g la(s,which reprcfcnted 
thePid:ures of our Savionr and and the Virgin Mary, colledcd from 
the putcin^^ together of divers other heads : One was reprelented from 
a Pid:ure \vherein were thirteen faces, and another from one of twelve • 
over the btefTcd Virgin was this Inlcnption,- 

Diva nitet zaris exprelfa Maria Figuris. 

The Countefs of 5rj^j;f/s Tomb, who was drowned, and her ^2^^-- 
tua, as alfo the Monument o^Ortelius, are here ihewn. Marcarms Si- 
wo^^eus waj. then Abbot, the Monks 6]. Near unto the WharNgate is 
the Church ot St. Walhurgis^'m Englilh Samt,who contributed much to- 
wards the converfion of thcle Countries. 

The Town-houfe is fair, the Houfe built for the Eafl-country Mer- 
chants is very ftately and large, but runs now to ruine, in this 
I faw, other curiofities , divers ftrange Mufical mftruments , 
which at prefenr are not underftood, or at ieall not made ule of: The 
Heffen houfe hath been allb fbrmerly confiderable. The water which 
they make ule of in Brewing, is brought by an Aquedudt from Her en- 
tall about thirty miles diftant from hence ; and is conveved into the 
Town by a large Channel, peculiarly walled in by it felf where it paf- 
fes the Ditch; in this City are many good colkdtions ofPidtures both 
Ancient and Modern, and excellent Miniature or Liming by Gonfol; 
orie fine piece, which I law was peculiarly remarkable,it being the work 
of ^5- feveral Mafters. 

^ From Antwerp, I palled to Brujfels by water changing Boits five BrujreU 
times, and going through divers locks, by reaiJ)n the Country is fo much 
higher about Brujfels, and the water above two hundred foot lower at 
Antwerp. At Fontaine a league and half from Bruffels , three Rivers 
crofs one anuiier : one of them being carried over a bridge. The Piaz* 
za of BrMf-L is fair, and oblong in figure ; upon one of the longeft fides 
ftands the "^ own-houle, and over againll it the Kings-houfe, w here up- 
onaScati'.ld hanged with Velvet, Count, Egmond and Home were 
beheaded, the whole P/Jtcabemg hang d with Black Cloth. Upon 
the top of the Town-houle, Hands St. Michael, the Patron of the Citv, 




I lo 


A Journey from Norwich to Colcn. 




. ? ' • 

* r 


in Brafs. Count M^rji^/s houk formerly belonging to the Prince of 
Oni^ge , hath a fair Court, and overlooks a ^ood part of the C itv, but 
a quarter of it is ruined by Lightning. The Thunderbolt or Stone 
M hich they affirm to have efTedled it, is bigger than two Mens Iicads , 
and hangs up upon the door at the entrance. The Jejuites Church is 
handfom, and in it the fair white Tower is beautifully gilded at the 
top. The Carmelites Church hath a noble Ahar, and near unto tl^e 
Church is the Statua of a pilfing boy, which is a continual Conduit, 
The Armory was well furniihed as we were informed, before the Go- 
vernors of the low Countries fold the Arms ; and C^fd Rodenip, the 
Governor, left it very bare. There remains the Armour o{ Charles the 
fifth, of Duke ^//fr/,of the Prince oi Parma^Emestus^ and of the Duke 
d'Alva^ andof tlie Duke Ailerts horfe,who being ihot faved his Maftcr, 
and died the fame day twelve month ; .Spears for the hunting the wild 
Boar, one with two Piftols ; The Armour of Cardinal hfante, and of an 
IndtanK\x\%\ k Pol//hmuskct which carries fix hundred paces ; CharJes 
the Fifth's Sword for the making the Knights of the GoUen Fleece, and 
Heftrji the Fourth's Sword fent to declare war ; G-^od Bucklers for Ce- 
fence,and fome well wrought; efpecially one with the Battel of Fyrrbus 
and his Elephants ; and banners taken with Francis King of France^ at 
the Battel of Pa-i:ia. 

Somewhat like Godfrey of Bom lions fhooting the three Pigeons 
near the Tower of DjW, is the ihot which iy»fjnta IjabelU made, 
\v hen uith an Arrow Jlie killed a Bird, in mem.ory whereof, a Bird 
pierced with an Arrow is fet upon the top of a Tower m the Court, 
which is large ; and if the New Buildings and Defign were continued,it 
would be very handfome Before the Court ftands five brafs Statues.The 
Park is pleafant , with Trees fet in order, and adorned with Grotto s. 
Fountains, and Water-works, which come very near the Italian i one 
piece Ibmewhat imitating Frajcati, in which all Muficai Inftrumcnrs 
are imitated, and a perpetual motion attempted : and on the Front of 
the Buildings Iknd the Cccfurs heads. But the Echo is moft remarka- 
ble; which may perfedly be dillinguilhed to tenor twelve Replies. 
The greateft Church is that of St. Gudula; in which is her Statua, 
the Devil ftriving to blow out the Light of her Lanthorn The two 
Chappels therein are remarkable ; the one built by Leopoldus, very fair 
on the out-fide : the other towards the No: th, hath been vifited by five 
Kings ; in which is the Hod which bled being Itabbtd bv the Jews. In 
the DommicanQ}mxQ\i is the Monument of the Duke oi'cleve and his 
Dutchels, in Corinthian brafs- But for a New Church that of tlic Be- 
^d-w^f J, or Pious Maids, is very confiderable; there being Eight hun- 
dred of them in this City, who have a particular place allotted to them, 
where they have built this milk-white Church. The Plague was much 
in this place at that time, three hundred Houfes being ihut,up and Gar- 
lands placed on the doors, in the middle of which 

was written I H S. I faw the Englifh Nunnery, and other confidera- 
ble Buildings. And after I had refrclhed my felf at the Filh-Tavern, 
u hich is worth the feeing, efpecially for two Rooms in it,furnilhcd frooi 
top to bottom with very good Pidures, I returned to Antwerp. 

A Jour?iey from Norwich to Colcn. 

f 1 1 

OM, 4. I travelled through an open Country, and lodged at Moiin 
Irufle. The Spamlb Souldicrs met us upon the Road this day, lome ot ^''"^• 
them well mounted and armed, and begged of us, and were well latisfi- 
ed with a fmall Benevolence. The next day we entred the Country 
ofZ./(?gf, and pailed great Heaths, and on the Sixth, m the morning ar- 
rived at Muejireickt. 

Trajeclum ad Mofam, or Maeflre'icbt, is a flrong Town, featcd upon Muefinuhu 
the Maes, four Leagues below Lie<ie, The Out-works are very con- 
fiderable ; the Wall is old. Tow ards the South-eaft lies a Hill , 
which arifesgently, and overlooks part of the Town. Under this 
Hi 1 is one ot the nobleft: Quarries of Stone in the World. To lecure 
the Town from the diladvantage it might recei\'e from this Hill,there 
wa i formerly a Fort built upon it, but it hath been long fincc flighted ; 
and they have made out an Horn-work within Musket-lhot of it, and 
the Baftion anfwering to ic is made \ ery high, to cover the Town. On 
the other fide of the River {lands I'Vicke, very well fortified alfo, and 
rather ftronger than fllaeftreicht, into which they might retire if the 
To^vn Ihculd be taken by Storm, it being united to Maeflreicht by a 
handfom Bridge over the iViaes, confiding of Nine Arches. All about 
Pf^c/'a- the Country is flat: there are many Inhabitants in it, and a 
handfom Glaf:>-houfe. 

The private Houfes of Maeflreicht are generally covered wuth a 
black S!at, or Ardoife, otherwife not very beautifuL The Town- 
houfe is fair, feated in one of the Piazzas, built of white Stone; it 
hath N;ne large Windows in a row on each fide , and within is very 
well painted by Theodoras zan der Schuer , who was Painter to 
the Queen of Sweden, In another Fuzza is a Fountain , rows of 
Trees, and the great Church. This Town was befieged and taken 
from ' the King of Spain by the Confederate States in the year 

O?^^^/- the Seventh! dined at C^-Z^/^, a fmall place, and came that 
nisht to Aken, Aix la Chapelle, or Aquifgrane, an ancient noble City, 
the Inhabitants Courteous, and much frequented by reafon ot its hot 
Baths ot which I Ihall fpeak more particularly in my Journey from 
Colen to London. Leaving ^/v;^ I travelled towards Juliers or G«- 
lick but it being late before we arrived, the Gates were Inut up, to 
as we went only under tlie Walls, leaving it on our right band. Near 
unto Gulick runs a lliallow fwift River, called the i?^^r. At the 
Mouth of it, where it falls into the Maes, is feated a confiderable 
Town called Roermonde, through which I pafled in the year 167%. 
when Sir Lionel Jenkens and Sir Jojeph Willamjon were fent Plenipoten- 
tiaries to Cologne, in our Journey from Antwerp to that City. We then 
pafled the Country oi Brabant, bv the way oiThornhaut, iVeert, Roer- 
monde, and the next Night palling by Erkelens, lodged^ at Cfro ot 
Caller, in Gidickland, where there are flUl the remains ot an old Caltle, ^^^^^^^^^^ 
formerly built for the Delence of tint part ot the Country. Roermon-^ 
^/(? is feated upon a lifing Hill, near the River Roer, hath a CoUedge 
of Jefuitsinit,ahandfome Piazza, %vA an oldAbby with divers Mo- 

■, * 

V e 


^ Journey from ]<iormch to Colcn. 



, 1 




1. - 





i f 





It ' 



f f ^ 


numentsvery ancient, founded bv (7A.»-7r./K',Ki ^77~77~; — ; 

this Town their Exce lencSLrl A .i ^;' of C«^/^^r/W. From 

Walls, charged wiSLTx^^^^^^ ""''^ 'a' ^^'^^^'^ ^^^^^ 

exprefs the higheft of theTr '^^^^^^ ^" '"^^ places ftriving to 

JlZesf'^ ' '""'''"'^ ''^ '^'^'^'''^ ^here I arrived 0.7.i.. the 







E N N 

)p/e^, Coln^ or Colonia Agrl^pina^ was anciently the Ca- 
pital City of the Tjhii^ a people who were at Hrfl po(- 
Icfled of the Countries now called Berg and Marc/: 
but being over-run by the German next to them' 
Agrippa^ Lieutenant of Ga/Iu , received them into 
protedion, and placed them upon this fide of the Re- 
man flioar of the Rhwe^ wlicre they built this place, 
and called it Op'tdum Vliorum^ and the Romans feating themiclves here 
for the defence of the Country, in Honour oi Agr'ippma^ daughter to 
Gernnnkus^ and wife to Claudius^ whofc Birth place it was, gave it af- 
terwards the Name of O^^/Ai Agrippnia. It is at prefent one of the 
largell, if not the greateft, of any Citv in Gcrmiwy, fecured tou ards the 
Land by a high Wall, and two deep Trenches, and towards the Water 
by a Wall ofiitone. The Rh'me renders it dehglufulupon (;ne {\^\it and 
divers rows of Trees enclolc the Town towards the Land. They have 
Ibme Out-works, as Half-mccns and Ravelins, but tlieir Lcil kcurity is 
in the great number of men which they are able to raile within themr 
felvcs. Many of the Streets are bread, ancf paved with broad Hones. 

It received the Chriftian Faith very early, and Mater?i:is u as their 
Biihop above i -55:0 years fmce, who lubfcribedj amongfl: others, to the 
Con--?;! of 'rl-^s. They have a great num.ber of Churches, and well 
endow ed, w Inch take up a great part of the Town ; the Prdends and 
Canon:; Houies having in many places Vineyards, and large Gardens 
adjoyning. Towards the North end of the Town, the Church of St. 
Kun'ihald is confiderabrc The Convent of the Dominicans is fair, and 
newly built, witli a Garden in the Court, and all the Chambers uni- 
form. The Jefuites Church, is well built and ftorcd with rich Cope^-, 
Altur-pieces, and other Ornaments. In the Giurch of St. Cereon^ a 
Saint of great name here, martyred about Cohn in the time di Maxi- 
wuuna, are about a thijufand Saints heads, and on each fide o\ the Al- 
tar a brge Statua, Whereof one is of a Moor ; and under the Quire ano- 
ther Cliurch. The' Convent cf the Carmdhts is alfo confiderable, 

Q, wherein 

1 14 

// 'journey from Colcn to Vienna. 

A Journey from Colen to Vienna. 



* ^ - 


" K'. 

w licrcm tl)c I mity of Peace was held with good accommodation in it 
tiiough v\ ,th no lucceh, in the year 1675. In the Church of St. 7Jrluh 
IS her lomb. and the Tombs ofdivers of the Eleven thouland Virgins 
martyred by tiie Hum. Upon the Monument of St. VrfuU is this In^ 
Icnption •; ^ - -.• 




^cpuld'rum Santl.eVrfuU indiao CoLmLe eteteaum: 

Upon many of the Tombs which are old, are CroHl-s and Lamps Ma- 
nv Bones and Heads o[ the Martyrs are ahb kept in this Church. The 
Cathedral ,s dedicated toSt. Feter, and is very large, but not finiflied 
The IJody of the Church hath tour rou's of Pillars within it. The 
Qiure IS handfomc and very high : beliind It are believed to be the 
Tombs of tnc three Wile men which came from the Eaft to uoriliip our 
Saviour or the Kings oi Ard:a, of wliom It was prophefied that they 
11 ould brtng G.fts commonly called the three Kings of r./.>/: Mei 
chor, who ottered Cc!d, Gajp.r Frankincenfe, and Bahhafar Myrrh 

^/ l!v A/ f '' '■' '''^^'f ^""'. ^""' "^''^ ^'^ ^^^"^^d to ConJlant^„o- 
V a if n^"^ t^'"''""' °^ C'^^J^^"^^^'^ the Great ; then to Ahlan by 
f^J^orJius Bdhop thereot ; and tney have now refted at Coie» for above 
five hundred years, being tranflated from M^uh hither bv RarMs 
Bdhopofr...,inthcyearii64 There are alfo divers other Monu 
n^ents of Biihops, and Noble Perfons in Brafs and Stone, and one in the 
^ape ofa Caftle with fix Towers. The Canons of this Church re all 

^rn7u V'T"^ ^^^""^ '^'' ^""^^ oiNavl.rg, who ordinarily refidj 
at £>«f./^j.^, about twenty En^^U/h miles bebw. this City, upon the 
Rh^e, hath two Sons. In a Church dedicated to all the Apoftles tlev 
hew us a To r.b,which being opened by Thieve.intending' to^S 
t, the Woman buried in it .rofc up and uent home, and lived with 
lier Husband divers years after. In one of the Strrr r. i . -r 
rather one Tower upon another, which feems lo bfandent iw SJe^ 
a Prifon. Upon another Ruine alfo in the Streets lies -, t^,^k Y 
out of one Stone ; of which fort ofTombs t£e e m'T^^^^^^ 
•OIK other places; but the greateft number of them I ev7r i"w a^a^ 
-dries m Prozencc. "^^ " 

■ The Senate Houfe Is Noble, having a fair Tower upon it from 
whence there is a good profpecft over the Citv^ irLo^.v, r' '^■ 
the Senate Hcufe is a Man in ^B.JfleiJvo figSng wiTa I v °"l°^ 
as it was related to me, uas formerly one of Ihe 0)11 vJ] n 'J' '''•''°' 
had a contcll with fome Clergy-men' about tht G^ [^^^^^^^^^^^ 
ty, on a fuddain they caufed a Lyon to be ht in „n,L 

TheEle<itororArchbilhopofO/<f«hath two Places in the Citv 
but by agreement between him and the Town, lie is no L ft?v' 
here above three days together. Only this orefenf TrXwn ^ 

^.e c„„,i„B down o .helmpcna, Kor^ .^„5t"c6 S''it? Zl 

m in Right and Honour^ and in our ancient Pinjile^es^ TJSy our VVites^ 
cur Children^ and eur City of Colen. Moft of the City are of the /f^- 
»74« Church,and the whole Town (o full of Convents, Churches,Church- 
men and Reliques, that it is not undefervedly ftyled the Rome of Ger- 
many. The Lutherans have alfo a Church within the Walls, and the 
Cahinijis at Mulheiw^ half a League down the dream on the other fide 
of the Rhine, 

Overagainft Colen lies Dutz^ afmall Village, inhabited chieflv by 
Jews. The Veflels which come out of the Low-Countries hither arc 
Jong, round bellied, and of great burden. Near to the Wall of the 
Town, upon the Quay or Key, is a kind of Harbour made tor them, 
intc which they may be drawn,and efcape the Injuries they would other- 
wife fuffer by the Ice in Winter- 

Befides the rich Clergy, there arc many wealthy Citizens and Mer- 
chants here, and they maintain a Traffick and Correfpondence with 
divers Countries, efpecially by the convenience of the Rhine, They 
fpeak not the bell High dutch -^ but Latin and French are underrtood 
by many : Divers Hofts m Inns fpeak Latin^ and the Servants French ; 
whi:h proves a good lielp unto Travellers. It was made an Viniverfity 
about the year 1^88. Beildts the General Hofpitals for }oung and old 
perfons, there are two tor the Sick, and well accommodated. They 
have a Pharmacopcca CoUnienfis^ or a Dijpenfatory proper to the place, 
whereby Apothecaries compound their Medicines. I was acquainted 
with one of the beft, Mr. Elhurg^ a knowing and obliging perfon^who 
was his Late Majefty King Charles the Second^s Apothecary while he 
refided at Colen^ and whom my honoured Friend Sir Alexander Frajer^ 
his Majefties chief Ph\ fician, made ule of, who lived in great reputa- 
tion in this Cit\'. 

Two hundred years fmce jEneas Sylvius left an high expreffion con- 
cerning this place, Colonia qu.e de conjuge Claudii matre Neronis, A- 
grippina dicta est,, & trium Magorum ofjibus illujirata, nihil magnijicen- 
tius^ nihil ornatius, tola Europa reperias : whicli though, if ftrid:)y 
conftrued, will hardly be admitted by any who hath beheld Pans^ Na- 
pies,, Venice, &c. yet' doth it declare the noblenefs of this City, even in 
forrrer times. 

We \tix.Colen about four a Clock in the Afternoon, being drawn up 
the Stream with Horfes, they being made faft by a very long Rope to 
the Maft ; we lodged in a Imall Village, having had a good profpeCt 
of Colen all this Evening from offthe water. Near to this Place Julius 
Ciefar made bis Bridge over the Rhine, The next day we came to 
^(7», the Seat of the prefcnt Archbilhop and Eledtor of Colen^ Maximz- 
lianiis Henricus, Duke of Bavaria,, Bilhop q{ Hildijheim and i,/c^£f,and 
Arch-Chancellor of the Empire throughout Italy. This place was for- 
merly called Uonna,,QX Cajira Eomnnfia,,xht wintering place, in the 
time of 7ac//«i, of the fixth Legion, it was not long lince very w^eli 
fortified by the order of the prel'ent Archbilhop, and the direction of 
Colonel ^//ir, a blind m^an, having Cj^^^j^ in both his eyes. The 
Archbifhops l^alace is very Noble, and there is a Chamber feated a good 
way into the Rhine, to which they pals thorosA a Gallery. This Night 
wc lodged at the foot of the higielb of the ieven Hills by the Rhine^ 
which are feen at a great dirtance ; and upon divers of them ftand old 
ruined Callles. On tlic i^tb we palled by a pleafant Illand with a 

O -J, Con^ cnf 


-I I i ,w, \^ m i^ < . ■lUi FT^MdM& ' • 

1 + 


A Journey from Colen to Vienna. 





' V 





I'' fl 





Convent in k: at /fm^^f« is alio a Convent upon a Rock forrifi.^ 
with round Towers. In the Evening we lodRed near to a C.iirK^ 
ed four years before by the Elecaors of rZYL^r / u ' ""'"^ 

at that time to the Du'ke of I^'' 5X "'/eaHv in tS"^ 
;ng we came to ^, where the Plagifwas v y ^^^^^^^^^ 
time, and they kept a great many of tl!ar ikk in Boatsupon the 

nnlhtZ"'^'' °/°''^ t"'"""'""' ^as one of the Ro»,aH FortrefTes Ud- 
on this River, fome think that C^/w^ was born and that S ^ ^ 

S tf ^'T^""- ^'^^^^ -^ '^h- PJ^- - 'l^ M nerd r^nr 
Well rrcquented, and much m^de nf^ ^r Tk^ t- ■ *** ^F^^^^g^, 

with .njold Wall ,. andt Sat tfnj^ ,]''ZoLTrpdt 
Notwithftanding there being divers Friars in our Company feveaTot 
the Towns-men fent out difhes of Meat to them, which we eatln h. 
Field upon Trees which were laid alona near the Town Tif; V 

tained by him in his Lodging.: He invited aJfo fbnie ot^" e Con^^^^^^^^^ 
make two iides thereof, and the hird is made hv . I ;n i ' ^^^ 

Town is under the Eletlor and A rhS f J^" °' S''"""* ' Ws 
fince, in the time of k1 zL^ij^^'te'si^rL" '''T^"''>^ ontLpo„?4r/ae's::^l£— L^iiS T r 

a very Noble Palace of .he Eledors, two laree W,nK and £ c * 
with five Pavil ons ftanding towards iL R k,, ,„ j r ^ . and the Front 
01 B^ts over the U,., to S^^/'^lfe'rar' ™vS™^^^^^^^ 

OarrL ,„.o <htstw.iV:il.^cJ'rsrw^yC^„^'it 'l^hj 

A Journey fro7?i Colcn t% Vienna. 

■'" — ^ r 

Rh:.egrave tor the King ot Sweden , and the ftrong Caftle of Phren^ 
Ire tt Item being put into the hands of the F^nch, the Emperours Forces 

leized upon the Archbilhopotr;-...,. who then was Phlnppu. ch'L 
pborus, and carried him away to Vienna 

In places where the Rhi.e ,-uns thraugli a low Country and a fat 
%l,it walhes away the Banks: to fccure m hich, in divers place' 
they have made great Works ot Wood, and alio to lecure VelRls from 
the danger of the Ice. And I remember, riding near the Banks of tl^ 
River £..r. in France, I oblerved them in fome places to be handlome- 
ly defended tor a long wav tc^gether with Frccltonc 

.NJear unto Collentz, ui«n a Hill, is a Convent of Carthufiar,s Odo- 

fh'/^'ft^ rr"l"''''^' ^"' '° ^^W-^ a walled Town, upoa 
the weflern bank, where VanTrump was at thattimc : It is a very old 
Town, one of the v-m.« FortrelFes againtt the (}ern,ans, called anciemlv 
Bodohnga ■ fome would have it called Rop.ort from Beauport Fan- 
haven, or Bonport, a good convenient place tor Veflels to retire into or 
to r;dc in. ' ^ 

On the xM: we dined at St. Ciucr, a pleafant Town belonging to t!ie 
Lar,.^tgr.fc of Hefe, who hath a Callle here. Coming on flwar we 
met witn an odd cuilcm : for upon the Wall fide there is fallncd a 
Collar of Brals at prefent, but was formerlv of Lead, and c^ven bv 
Cbares the Fifth ; into this moft Strangers that come put thefr Necks 
at which time tliey ask them, me:/jer they mil he jpmikled with wa- 
ter, or drtnk itrne : and it they clioole the latter, they give an enter 
tainnint of Wine to the Company.The Queen oi Si.edat naffincT by this 
place, gave a great Silver Cup out of which thcv now drinlf at this 
Ceremony We lodged this night at W 'efel, a Town fituatcd between 
a high Hil and the River, belonging to the Archbiihop of Triers Here 
m the Market-place they ihcw'd us the print of St. F^ulerisHoxks toot 
in a Free-ltone. 

On the 19.'/^ ue came to Bacckarach, or ad Bacchtaras, belonains ^■'«*''^«*- 
to die Eledor Falatr^e • a place famous for cxceflent Wines We 
palled by an old Caflle feated upon a Rock in the middle of the Rhine 
being of an irregular figure, called Pfalts, where formerlv the Prince 
Palatines ot tl^e Rhine were born, the Pnncefles being lent hither to be ^''''" ^^■'^^'^ 
brought to Bed. We came this night to Dreickjhaujen ; the next day 
we went by a dangerous Palfagc, there being many Rocks under wa'- 
ter, which caufe the River to run verv rapid and unequally A little 
above this we came to a round Tower,' on a Rock in the Rhine called 
the Mouje-tower, built by Hatto Archbiihop of Ment:^, m the year goo ■^'"<i^-^"^- 
who, as the Story goes, in a time of great Scarcity, pretending to re' 
lieve the poor who wanted bread, invited them together into a Barn 
uhere he burnt them all, faying. They ivere like the Rats and md 
Khtch would devour the Corn. After which he was fo perfecutcd with 
Kats and Mice, that to avoid them he cauled this Tower to be built in 
the middle of the Rhine, u hich did not avail him, for thev followed 
him thuher alto, and at laft devoured him. A little above this lies 
^/'^g upon the Weltcrnlhoar; a confiderable Town, belonging to the 
Elector of Mentz : here our Beat liayed to pay Cultom, as it had 
done alio at Bon^a, Liutz, Humwerjiem, Andernach, Cohlentz Lode- 
jbeim, Bopport, St. Guwer, Cuh, and Baccarach. For the trade ' of the 
Rhine being great, Princes and Lords, who have Towns upon it, make 


.V'--t^V- ';-«-. 






1 1 

' ( 





'i f 


t( V 

* • n*j 


£Z!!:!^^^^i?_CoIcn Vienna. 

ufeofthat advantage, which, though it abate. fhT"^ ^7~ 

chant, brings confiderabJe profit to them/blvef ^''"' °^ '^" ^^'•- 

Bing, or Bimium, uas an olH /?««, r > 
the Ruer A^.x^or Aw enters fnt^ •: ^.""T" Tl 'Y ^''^-^- ^^ere 
handfome Stone-bridge : In h Town w '"^^'"'^ ^'"^^ ^^^^c is a 

r..«s Army f.d. and'voundS wCh.^''"' "'t^T '^-^ ^^^ ^uke of Z... 
ed a fight againil the Forces o "the E Ir tj^/'"" ^^'^ "^-"^-"- 
From ^..^ u e continued our Journey fo^^./^lf "^ T '^'' P'=^^^- 
g^f^ a place noted for good Wine rJiPv ^^ a ^'"''I^^^'^ «n /?>&iw- 
was tliickand uoolly, hk^to the j/W ^'"^ "'.' ^^y' ^'^°^e hair 

colour, which bdng'lomc what n ^fc.^iTV"^ °'"^/"^ "^'^^ 
hair u ith me. '^^ ^'§"^' ^ ^ook away fome of his 

ther a httJe beJow it • in a terrl fr!. . 7' "^'^'^ ^^^ ^^'»^> or ra- 
and good Wine ; it Ws at ^1^ "7 "^'T^"^^ '" ^" P^^^'^o'^ 
River; and that part excel Toth" ^/ '^^V'^^^'^ ^'^^^^^s the 
not 10 populous or weJl-builf \t..XoT'T' '^''.^"^' ^'^^^^h is 
It hath many Churches and MonVfteries nnd^f '' /"'^o^''' g^^^^ed ,• 
oally thofe of pubUck concern^aft leTalace of S'e f ."^"'^'^'"g'^. elpel 
But the narrowncfs of the Streets Tnim f ^'^'^"'■' ^"^ others: 

much from the beauty of^heCty Iti^aTl?'^ "r^"' ^'-^^'^ ^^'^Y 
the year X486. or as others wi 1 ha ' t L5x"'¥h'^'^'', begun about 
lenges the Invention of Printing, or a 'kail the fi?/'''' ^'^^ ^'^^'■ 
perfedion thereof: And the Terrirnrv .Ko . Promotion or 

flrudlion of the Rcma„ Leg ins und r7^ l"' '\ ^'"^^"^ '°^ ^he de- 

ing of this City, 1651. entring into t m W- ^^'^'."^ "P°" ^he tak- 
-W.., ,t being his BlrthK^ay^ Ch beean the 5'?^/'''' '^^'^ °^' ^- 
and kept h.s C ourt and C/T///^.;r here u L ' '"" ""^^'^ ^'^^' 

with him fix chief Princes of the Emmrc n I ^\ °u'^"^'^ ^here Were 
States, Ele^ors, and Princes befiS^rDus^'A'^^f^^^^^ "^Kings^ 
tial men of his oun Army A 1 1 hi m ! 1"^ ^°''^'' ^"^ the Mar 

peat ftore of Ordnanccld Powlr tf tl e' C '■"^:;' ^'^^'^ ^-"^ 
trom PUlage by giving the King a Ranfom f Fl^">7^^f "^^^ '^ 'elf 
and theClergvand Jews cave TivoM?!^. ^'ghty thoufand ZW^;-,. 
which the Je^vs paid Whfee^tJ^ L^d' Sin^t"^ ^^ '' 0^' 
himfelt upon the /?/..;,., and retirin' toV.l' -^^^ J-^'^^'^^^^^^^ng 
two great Bridges to be made, on^over thf "i.^^^^^^ ^'"S ^^"^'"^d allS 
great flat bottom'd Boats, the rcfl being bStnn;""'^ n ,"P°" ^^'^^^ 
Another over the Rhine fupported bv Lrv ^ g'""' ^'^^^ "^" ^"od: 

lying the diftanceofanArcKm one notl^ ^^'f '" '^''^^^' ^^^h 
people living fometimes in the Boats under the 't^A "^^"U^^^ihes of 
over the Mam is tak.n away • but rh ir ,,. ■ ^^'^^^- ^hc Bridge 
ed : Upon which Ifaw the^^efent ElecC^^^^ ^''^ '^ ^'^ ^°"^-"- 
fon of great Gravity, of a iddle Statut?^^^^^ ^" ^"^^^ '^ ^ Per- 
was very Princely attended ; his NameTs i ^ 7!^. ^'^^ "^"•' and 
ble Family of^c/W«.., Ekclor and a ^11'' ^^^^'-^/^ of the No- 
/^«^/.i..^, and Biihop of Sw fJcl 7 ""^ ^'"'^^^ ^^^°P ^f 

ventions he fits at the right hand of the Em^^''* '"/" P^^hck Co.- 
rhe famous B..f.., ^^^^.J^.t^^;:?^^^^^^ 


v4 Journey from Colcn /o Vienna. 


prcmoted the CIniiiian BeLgn',7 m thtle pnrrs. But though liis D'^ni- 
ty and Place excel the two other Ecclefiailicai Electors of ^oUh 
and 7/vtfr^, yet his Territories ccme ibort; and thev lienor to^Tcther 
but fcatteringly with thofe of the Palatnute, Spier ^ Framkfcn, aiid 
divers places in hranconia. But of late he hnth much encreaied hi,s 
Power, by feizin^ the great City oiErfurdt in TuriHo^ia, whicii he hatli 
fmce much beautified and ftrengthncd by a Qtradcl built upcn Sc Fe- 

In the year One Thoufand one hundred and fourteen, the Emperor 
//^;/rv the Fourth lent an Ambalfador to the King oX England Henry 
the F:,rft, requelling that Maude the Kings daughter whom he had for- 
merly efpouled by Proxy, might now, being Marriage-able, be fent to 
him : to which requeft the Kmg moll willingly condefcended,andthe 
Princefs uas prelently conducled by his greateft Peers into Germayiy. 
and at Mentz was married to Henry the Fourth, and there Crowned 
his Emprefs. 

From Mentz I pafled by water up the River Main^ to Franckfort, a 
freeCity of the Empire, called Trajecium franco^unr^ a PaiVdgc or Ford 
of the Franks^ as ferving them for a Retreat, when they entred or re- 
turned from Gaul; at prefent Franckford upon the Main, to difference 
it from Franckjord upon the River Oder, w hich is an Univerfity : It is 
alargeTown, divided into two parts by the River ; the Jeilcr called 
SaxcnLdufen^ox Saxon-houfes^ united to the other by a Stone-bridge 
over the Main, of twelve or thirteen Arches. It is a place of good 
Trade, and well Hated for it, as having the advantage of the River 
Main, which palTes by Bamherg, Schweiniurt, Wurtzhrg, Guemund, or 
Gaudia mmidi ; and alio the Ta/^hr^and other Rivers running into it, af- 
fords conveniency for Commerce with tlie remoter partb ot Francoma; 
and the Main running into the Rbjne, makes a large communication 
both up and down that Stream. 

But this place is mod remarkable for the Elccfticn of the Emperor, 
which, by the Lav\s of the G Iden Bull, Ihould be in this City, as alfo 
for two great Marts or Fairs kept in M^nch and Septemler-, at which 
times there is an extraordinary concourfe of people from remote parrs, 
in order to buying and Idling of feveral Commodities, efptcially for 
Books, as well printed here as in other parts, whereof thev afford two 
Catalogues every year, and have no Imall dealings that way, by the 
Fad:ors ofthe Cfrwj^y, //i'//j;f(/ifrf, Iraiiajis, F;encl\;it\d Fngli//:: al- 
though at other times their trading in Books lecms not great ; for 
when I was there out of the time ot the Mart, the Stationers Shops 
being Ihut up, made but a dull Ihcw. Here are alio a great number 
or good Hories bought and Ibid : and on the North-fidc of the City 
there is a Ipacious place lor a Horle-Fair. The City is iirong and well 
fortified ; and molt part cf the Town are Lutherans. In the German 
Wars, the King oi Sweden having taken Han.nv, lent a Mellenger to 
Franckfort to know whether the City would peaceably and Ipeedily 
let open their Gates unto him, and accept fairly of a Garrifon, or ftand 
to the hazard of a Siege : And although they were unwilling to yield, 
yet for fear of the woril, they confented. That the King fliould have 
tree palfagc for his Army through the City ; and that for the better af- 
furanceof it, fix hundred of his men ihould be received for a Garrilbn 
into Saxonhaujen ; and alio that the Magiftratcs and People ihould take 




A Journeji from Cokn io Vimni. 

■(.. i 



an Oath unto his Majcfly. So that unr.n rlir- ^^.TT'^r 7 

the King's .Arn.y ^^^0^^:"!:^:^^':^^ ^T^^;^ ''^^■ 
through the Town _ Colonel 4../.../ J^\^ Go ' n^u fn '.^"^^' 
h-'-ufen; and the King himfelf rode bare hr-,(lJrN:i[ '"/^^^*- 
and by his obliging behaviour diJlpeTa ily u „ rffV'^' ^'''''•■ 
Ix-holders; and three days atter retC? uthe a in f T °^ ^'^^ 
, of /y./.«-c#.//; and the ^h^:^7l^^t "l/'f 
^v here they met the Seventeen Earls oftl/e fr.LL f? t '^^'^' ' 
u^re feafted in the lame room where the Lpero at th. /?"'''''' '"^ 
ufe to be entertained i^niperois at their Coronation 

M.n-i]ayers and Bant^ ts ; L^t^ ' f andiuar/for 

Upon this fide th re is the Jareea m t ion ntr ^ ^ . , "' '^""''" ^^^35. 
tort ; on the other ilde very S ' '""^ ^'^""^'ng to /^..«i 

and their Wives a peculiar drefs of their Head °""''^' 

The Collegiate Church ofSt.^.'r//../m.,r,u here m3r>vr>ftf. r 
rerors have been crowned is brae h^^h o i.'^ " '^'^'c m^^y ^j ^j^^ £^_ 

red ftonc. There are dn'erV iSr r ^'' '^t^^Ple^and is built of a 
goodHoufes; inoneoftle£l^ofXifZ^^ - the Town, and 
^fe, a great Merchant, and a civ 1 wo hy Zo^Tflu ''"''' '''''^'■ 
Piaces . Commerce,, whoobhged me .SX^:^;^:^ oTht 

Houfe of HeUen^ commonly Wn'^ the nrn^e ? fhT^' f '^^ 

try, in the %h(of H:ii:ldt:s^;;;^s;tm''"£^^T ?""- 

try planted with Walnut-trees Vires Cnm on i f ^^'"^^ C^"'^* 
Tabaco ; till I arrived at S/I ' ' ^''"' '"^^ '" ^'^"^^ P^^«^ ^'ith 

In coming into this Town we paifed over t\^ R •v.r Ar 
AV.7rza, upon a Bridge covered over from on. T ^'""'^ ^''''^^' 

large RoofofWood^in the JamrnnrisXw^ri"''^' ""f ^ 
the entranceof the City of ../.rw.. ^.Z/:;,^^^^^^^ 

/-^.r^, runs into the RiL at yJ^; J 1 'Th^^^^^ ^'j^ ^"^^ °ff^>^- 
Sreateft,yetisaconfidcrableRiverotS;J^^^^^^ '^^ ^he 

the moft partat WW./., to be near his Force ^ ''^'^'^^ ^'' 

Heidelberg is feated on the South-fide of the River N.r u 
It and a ridge ot high Hills, fo as it cannot well dnfkot''' "'?'" 
tortification,orhoperoberatraor.lirorv ft -Jnm ol a modern 

I'V the adjacent Nfountair! ft ]•« ^' [ tf^' T ^''"^ ^^er- looked 

It hath bin an Univerfit^Vincc tLTe r T^.'\ ^.^'^ '°'^^^^^^ 
begun by A>«^..r/.x, Count Pa/uZ nnW.V^^ V ^'''^ ^''"^ " ''''' 

ed. in the ^e. Church waT^^^t^tr ^^ ^^fel^; 



A Journey from Colcn /o Vicnrla. 

thit tne 5,. Wr had taken th,s Town i6zo. was earned ro Ron,. 
and addcdto the r^....r«. where I Taw it in the year 16^4. being pla' 
red upon one f,c^ ot a very long Gallery belonging to t\,t Fat^an^x- 
brary ; and the of 7jrhn s Library placed on'the otherfide, over 
aga.nft It : loth u hich made a notable addition to the Panal Libnrv 
In this Quirch and the Church a Ifo of.o. Peter'^Zlrl-tl^.. 

Men The/..../.haveaCl.rcht?c,a d t^^^^^ 
the Order ot the //Jv-G/.// • and his Son a Mare^ai of IIS/: and 
good /W. and /y/^W«/./, are both generally Ipoken here. The 
Lutherans have alfo a Church in this Town, by the favour of the pre- 
Icnt Elector ; although he h.mfclt be a Cahnufi : and to exprefs his 
gererous k.ncnels the h-gher in this point, the firlt Stone was laid by 
ainife.tand his Son ; nnd it is called the r/wr/; of Frazude.cs, accor- 
ding to the F.led-ci- s Morto, Dommm Frov'idehit 
. ^^>"" f'l Town-houle is a Clock uirli diveVs Motions, and when 
u\Q Clock ili-ikes, the figure ot an Old man pulk off his \\v.t a Code 
crows, and jliakes^hr; w.ngs Souldiers fight with one another' and the 
like The brincc s Stables tor above a hurdrcd Horfcs are feated upon 
the River very conveniently, but were fairer formerly , above half 
thereof having been ruined hy the Imperalifts ; as alfo divers of the 
Srataeson the out-hde oi the Caaie, which is leated high above rh- 
Io\--n. ° 

Tne prefent Elcdor is Caroha Ludovicus, Son to the K^ng of Bohe. 
mu, Frederick the Fifth ; he was born in the year 161 7 and polled 
his Youth an Exile from his Fathers Kingdom and Elcdorate : and at 
the pacification, at Pr.igue 1635-. he was excluded from any re'ftitutioa 
to be made to him. But at length in the Treaty oi Munjler 1648 h'^ 
was reftorcd to the lower FMtin.ue,7inA 16^7 returned to the po/Te/non 
of his Fortunes: a highly accompiflied Prince, much honoured and 
beloved b}- his Subjedb. in the year 1650. he married Charlotte 
Daughter to lVillK:m the Fitth Landgrave, and to the famous AmelU 
Elizabeth, Landgrazejs oi Hafia; by whom he had the Chur Prince, 
or Eledoral Prince Clarke, and a Daughter,the Princefs Chariot t a Eli~ 
=.^fr^j ; but upon fome difcontent the Princefs Eledrefs fince returned 
to her own Friends and Country. This Eled:or is alfo Knight of the 
mofl Noble Order of the Garter , Great Treafurer of tlie Empire, 
and with the Eicilor of Saxony , Vicar of the Empire. 

In his Pabce or Caftlj at [ieidelierg, are divers things remarkable,- 
a very great Tower to be equalled by very itsif ,- within which is a 
Theatre for Ct^medics Tliis was formerly called Trutzkaifar, or the 
Tower thatbad Defiance, or threatned the Emperor ; but fince the 
Reftauration of the Elector, there are fome Works drawn about it in the 
figure of a Star,and the olddifobliging Name is by Proclamation forbidden 
tJ be conrinucd, and it is zt prclcnt called Stemfihanz, or the Star- 
fort. By it is a handlbm Garden ; in the Ditch whereof there was 
then kept a great Bear, and a very large Wolf. The Grotto's and Wa- 
ter- works are very handlbm : thev were alfo making divers others, 
having the advantnge of the H le of the Hill to bring down the 
Water, and to make Grots and Caves in the Rock. Amongft other 
Fountains that of the Lions head with a Frog in his Ear, is taken no- 
tice of. The C(. liars are very large and cool, filled with VelTelsof na 



A Journey from Colon to Vienna. 

ordinary fize ; yet inconfidcrable, if compared to tlie great Tun kei.r 
in a great Building joynmg to the Cellars ; it was built by this pre'eoc 
Eledor's Orders, 1 66-j. and goes far beyond any made before : It con- 
tains 104 Faiders and odd meafure, or about two hundred Tuns • in- 
(lead of Hoops it is built with large knee Timber, like the ribs of a 
Ship, which are painted and carved, and have divers Inlcriptions upon 
them, and fupported by carved Pedeftals. Upon one fide of it is a 

tlie top of 

handfom Stair-cafe to afcend to the top of the Velfel ; upon .uu tu^ ui 
which IS a Gallery fet round with Ballifters, three and forty fteps hiah 
from the ground. j f b 

About an Eng/i/h Mile from Heidelberg, between the Hills is a fo- 
htary place, where three large Streams or Springs guJh out of tlie Mojn- 
tain, and prefently fill five Ponds, have three handfom Cafcates or 
Falls, and after run into the Plain, and are ftrong enough in a fmajl 
Ipace to turn four Mills ; this is called Wotfshrun, or the fr^Z/y Foun- 
tatn, from a Pnncefs who formerly retired into a Cave in this delc-t 
place, and was here devoured by a Wolf, 

While I was at Heiddherg, two Enghjh men came kindly to mc, 
Mr. t'tllers, and Ttmothy MUMeton^hdou^mg to Lohen<feldt Cloilhr a 
Convent formerly ot the -jefuiies, but fince let out to about an hun- 
dred £«g///* who left their Country i65r. came up the Rhine, and 
by the permiflion of the Eledlor, fettled thcmlelves a few Miles from 
hence, living all together. Men. Women, and Children, monehoufe- 
and having a Community cf many things: They are of a peculiar Re- 
ligion, calhng themfelves Chriftian Jews ; and one Mr. Poole, former- 
ly living at Norwkh,xs their Head. They cut not their Beards, and ob- 
ferve many other Ceremonies and Duties, which they either think 
themfelves obliged to from fomc Expreiiions in the old Teftament or 
from fome New Expofition of their Leaders. ' 

. ^^^^Heidelb'irg I made an excurfion,and had a fight of i'/'/>^,feated 
ma Plain on the Weft-fide of the Rhine; a place of Antiquity con- 
ceived robe Vrhs Nemetumoi old; a large place and populous The 
King ot A«;f^^« m the German Wars demolilhed the Works about it 
not willing to fpare lo great a number of his Souldiers as was re- 
quired to Garrifon It , and make it good. It is an Epifcopal See 
under the Arch-Bifhop ot Mentz : there are many fair Houfes 
in It , divers Churches , and a fair Cathedral , with tour large 
Towers. The Romanijh, the Lutherans and Cahinijls preach in it at 
feveral hours. It is the more populous, and filled with people of 
good quality by reafon of the concourfe of perfons from otfier parts 

?!. Ef^-^\ u '^/^'^'^'^^'i Law Suits: For here the ImtTrial 
Chamber is held^ and many differences uhich arife in the Empire are 
determined, and the Eledors and other Princes, in lome Tryals at 
Uw,n^y be called hither. It i^ a fettled Court, which Maxin^ilL the 
Firfl, for the better eafe ot all perlbns, placed firft at Worms, and not 
long after it was fixed at S/>ire, from whence it cannot be now remo- 
ved, but by the confent ot all the Eftates. Things Cognofcible in this 
Court are determmed by an Imperial Judge, and fcaled with the Era- 
perours Arms, fo that there lies no appeal unto the Emperor 

Another day I went to ^W../«,, formerly a Village, leated at the 
Confluence of the R^ine and Neccar ; but walled about by the Eledor 
trederick the Fourth, and fince is much encreafed ; all the Streets 


A Journey from Colen to Vienna. 

being larj,e and uniform, and a Noble Cittadel built ; within which, 
over againft tlie Gate, the Elcdor defigns a Palace, the Model of which 
I faw : and at prefent, on the right liand, there are three Pavilions of 
.Lodgings: in one of which lodges the Eledor Palatine; in another 
the Prince his Son ; and in the third thr Princefs his Daughter : behind 
thefe there is a handfome Garden and Lodgings for Degen Felderen, 
the Churfurfls Miftrefs. Here are fome good Pidures, as a Head of 
Hans Hulhen, and a Landskip with the Story of the Union of the 
Sivjfers. The Bridge over the Moat of the Cittadel into the Town, is 
alio remarkable, as having fix Draw-bridges upon it, three great ones, 
and three fmall ones on the fide There are Palifado's all along the' 
bottom, in the middle of^the Ditch, and without upon the E/pU- 

From Heidellerg I travelled to Nur>,herg in the Company of Cap- 
tain Wagenfeyl, who had been in the Polijh and Hungarian Wars, and 
was employed a little before in blowing up the Caftle oi Launjleyn, be- 
longing to the Eledor Palatine, to prevent its furprifal by the Duke of 
Lorrain. He was then employed to raile a Company at Nurnl)er-i,, for 
the S'rvice of the Eledlor Palatine. I had a good advantage in my Jour- 
ney by liis Company ; for he travelled with Authority, and v\ as a ge- 
nerous, knowirg, and courteous perfon. 

Th^firfl day we travelled near to the iV^ccjr, in ftony and rocky 
way •, and it being dark before we came to Mofp^ch, the Peafants con- 
duced us from Village to Village with bundles of lighted Straw. 

The next day we came to Foxlerg, where there is an old Caftle,3nd 
in the afternoon reached Morkenthul, or Meigethenn, the Seat of the 
Grand Mafler of the Herrhn Deutcheni, or the Teutonick Order. The 
Town is well built, hath a hh- Piazza, u ith a large Fountain in it, and 
a Statue of one of the Grand Malters, with a long Corridor e from his 
Palace. This Order hath been of great Fame, and hath had large Pof- 
feirions,^as may be feen in the exacfi Account of the Teatcnick Kmgl.ts 
of Prufia, made out from the bell Authors, by my worthy honoured 
Friend Mr. Ajhmole, in his Noble Defcription of the Order of the Gar- 
ter ; and as Lskis du May, Counfellor unto the Duke of iVirtenherg^ 
hath fet it down. Fur the Knights Templers and of St. John, ha-jiwr 
fought projperOHjIy againji the Infidels, raifed an Emulation mfome Ger- 
man Qent. emen, ivha waited upon the Emperor Frederick the Firft in 
his Expedition to the Holy Land, to take the Croifado. And lecaufe 
they ivcre injl ailed in the Church and HofpitalnfSt. Mary at Jerufalem, 
they were called .Marianites. Their Order differed nothing from thoje 
above-mentioned hut in the form and colour of their Crofs, and was ap- 
proved hy Pope Celeftin the Third. Afterwards when Jerufalem was 
taken ly Saladin, tbofe Knights betook themjelves to Ptolemais, from 
tvhence the Emperor Frederick the Second, fent them hack into Germany, 
and employ id them againft the Prullians and Livonians, who at that time 
were ft ill Pagans. But by the Valour and Piety of thoje Knights, their 
Souls were brought into fubjetlion to Chrift, and their Bodies to the Or- 
der which began that War in the year laio. a little while after thefe 
Kn'ghts Jound themfelves Mafters of a Country of very large Extent, 
which obeyed the Order, till the year 15x5. at which time Sigifmond, 
K.ngofVohnd, gave the inveftiture of Prullia unto Albert Marquejs of 
B andenburg. In the year 15-63. the Great Mafter lecami Secular a- 

R 2, gain^ 

1 24 


A Journey from Colcn to Vienna., ami took a part of the l.and^ fuhje^ to the Orrler, ivith the ,ume ,r 
V -ke of Curland. And Li\-on i:i h.i v}wi^ leen the Suhiecl a^id Theatre of,y Wars leiiveen the PolanJcrs, Mulcovitcs, and Swedes • tJ:e!c ijil 
did at leni^th hccome Maften of it, .wd have it in pofeJi/ionJlL'l. ' So t'at 
t ere is r.o rrwre renrainit^g of the Tcutotiick Order, lut Joryie Comnian 
denes jcattcredh re and there in Germany, And the Great Majier ha^h 
his Seat and fiefi 'euce at Mcrgenthal. 

They wear on a white Mantle a plain black Crofs. The Di<Tnitv 
ot Grand Mailer is generally held by fome Great and HonourabIc''pcr. 
Ion ; and m the Great Aflembly he takes place of aJ Bifhops The 
prelent is the Baron of Arr.rmg ; and tlie Grand Mafter before him 
\\^s Leopold li i/Iiam, only Brother to the Err.^Qxor Ferdinand xht 
TInrd. ^ 

From hence wc travelled to Lauterba.h, near which we pa/I^tl 
;f ,'?"S'\a ^Vood, and tound a Noble Church upon the top of a hiah 
Hil!. u Inch being much frequented by Pilgrims,tliev have made hand- 
ome Itone Stair, trom tic bottom to the top : tlien to Rotenlur^, and 
lodged at Burgperner, and the next day by Schantd-ach u e came to Nh- 
r.-nheig. Rotenhrg is an Imperial City, uhich fome have likened 
unto jert>Jakm tor its Situation upon hillv places and many Turrets in 
It. It is Situated near the head of the River Tauler, which may be 
accounted the fccond Ki\xr oi Franconia, palling by fo:tij;<re» L.v- 
der^ and H'erthaiir, where it runs into the Man. '^ ' 

N^^reiderg is the faireft City that 1 faw in C^rw^y ,- the Hcufes 
mort oi them of Frec-ftone, very hi-h ; and divers of them painted on 
the cutiidc, and adorned uhh gilded Balls on the top ; many are of (ix 
o^- leven Stones high. Der Herr Teller hath one of tb.e iaircfl The 
City IS very populous and full of Trade, although it Hands in a barren 
Country, and wants a Navigable River. The tlirce bcfl Cluirches are 
die Hojpital Church, lately built very fair ; St. Laurence, whicli is \erv 
largc w ith t'Ao high Steeples in the Front ; and St. Sehald the belt of 
the three. The Body of St. Sehald being laid upon a Cart drawn with 
Oxen, in that place where the O.en ftod Hill, .they buried the Body 
and crcded this Church in Memory, hi this Church is a Crucifix 
ot Wood, very well carved, and cilccmcd at a h'oh ra^c Tf-e Crucifiv 
without the Church is very great, and of a black colour :' and fome 
tanxy that the Raht_ Herrn, or M.giih-ates of the Town, have repofiSd 
a Treafoc within it. The Pulpit is well carved and gilded, and the 
whole Church fo ftatcly, that it may pafs in the firft rank o? Lutheran 
C.uirches; that Religion being here pracSifed in its fplendcur The 
Pneft every morning reads the Scripture to the people tor half an hour 
or preaches a Sermon. The Toun-houfe is well uorth the fecin- • 
In It the Ha 1 is fpacious as alfo the Chambers, and furnilhcd with -ood 
Pi(!tures and Stoves Mel gilded and painted with white and gold oy^^n 
and gold, dark coloured and gold, and the Lke. There is one P.dure 
ot molt ot tho Great Ferfons in Cerwany entertained m the Great Hal'- 
another ot the three Brothers of ^^x.^v ; one of an Elephant .s biE as 
the htc ■ a piece of St. John and St. Mark, and another of St. Terer\nA 

and E\\\ by the fame Mailer, v\ ith this Inlcnption. 

Alhertm Durer Almang facielat pojl Virgims fartum, i ^07. 


A Jmrmyfrom CJolcn tr^ Vienna, 

Another excellent one is thnt of St. Luke drauing the Pidure of our 
Saviour and the blcllcd Virgin: Over tl:e Gate at the entrance of the 
Shambles is a large Oxc carved in Wood, and painted over, w uh tlrs 
Inlcription : 

Omnia halent ortits Juaipte i'crementa.Jed ecce 
Quern cerms, nunquam Bo. fuit hie, / ituliis. 

The Caftlc fcanl upon a high Hill, from- v.-hcnce the Town makes 

well exprei]i:d. The Armour of I/eklele van GaUir.gken the great .Sor- 
cerer is here Ihown ; and in the Wall of the Caftle'die marks of his 
Horfts feet, wlien he leaped frrm thence over the Toun ditch. 

The new Fountain was not tlien finiihed ; but the Statua's in Brafs 
ma c for it were excellent j the Sea Horfes large, the Sea-Nvmpljs 
mucli bigger than the life ; and N ptune^wh-^ was to Hand on the top, 
is above tiiree ya ds and a halfhigh.Wlien I came firft into tliis place, I 
was not a little lurprizcd to behold the fiirnefs of the H ulcs, hand- 
fome Streets, di&rcnt Habits, induflricus People, and ntatnefs in all 
things, more than I had oblerved in Girnan Cities before ; and no 
place hath greater number of curious Artificers in Steel, Brafs, Ivory, 
Wood, wherein thev work at an extraordinary clienp rate ; and there 
are Officers to inlpcd and enquire into the works of Artificers, that 
they be true, pcrfed: and without fraud : they make flrong and hand- 
fome Clock-work. The l^ing of /'<? '<7/?^pre!cnted t!ie Grand Seignior 
with a very noble Clock, who took fo much defght in it, that wiien it 
required fome mending (the lurks beirg ignorant in Clock-work} 
he fent it from Admnople as far as IS^urcniutg to be fet in order a- 

Guflavtis Adolphus, King of S.\ c ' ;;,wasmore m,agnificcntly received 
and entertained m this Ciiy, than in any other oi' German, ; wliich lb 
incenled WjiWy/rj//, that he afterwards encamped before their Town, 
and did great fpoil upon their Territories : But the King of Swede:/^ 
marched thither towards their Relief, and from thence towards Lutze\ 
where in a bloody Battel he lolt Ins life. 

The Bjx^cx Fe^niiz runncs through MiZ-^^^rg, and hath divers Stone 
Bridges over it ; and below the Town, jo}ning with t!ie Red- 
mtz , runs into the River Ma n at Bamlerg ; and the Mam runs 
at laftinto the Rline. The Re^'ii^tz arifes at Pf'eifienlerg, and is not 
tiirti-omthc River Alimul, which runs into t\\e. Danul)^^ towards 
Regenf'urr. Upon tins convenience, Charles the great deflgned to 
make a Communication of pafijge between the Damtle and the Rbme ; 
and made a Cnal: thirty pac;s abroad between the Re.initz and the 
Altmtdl, to joyn thofe Streams for tlie commodity of PalLgc by Boat ; 
but after he had prooceeded two German miles in this w ork, I^cgs , 
Rains, and his warlike Diverfions made him give over that noble De- 
sign, whereby there might have been a Commerce by water, Ironj the 
L"i'' C'un ries to f'iefna, and even unto the Euxi tie Sea. 

The Roman Lieutenant in Nero\ time, had a def'irc to unite the Ri- 
ver Soane and the Mojel/a ; and to make a pallage between the Medi- 

teri anean 

i).i } 


A Journey from Colcn to Vienna. 




1i,' ' 






terranean and the German Ocean ; having been at the mouth of the 
Mnjelia by Coblentz. , and parted troiri Chaahn upon the Ibtt 
and noble River Araris or i'Mw unto Lyon, \ cannot but think 
thefe very goodly Streams, and fit for fuch a purpofe. The prelent 
King of France Iiath a defign to unite the River Aude with the Ga- 
ronne, and fo to have a palfage by Boat from the Mediterranean Sea bv 
T/joIou fe znd Bourdeaux, into the Ocean. When I travelled in thole 
parts, viewing the Country well, I thought it would b? a difficult 
work, and fo it proves : but the King hath proceeded already verv far 

About four Leagues from Numierg lies Altdorff, belonging unto 
it, made an Univerfity in the year 161^ containing u hen I was^thcre 
about 1 50 Scliolars. The Phyfick Garden is handlbme, and well 
flocked with Plants, to the number of two thoufand. Dr Hoffman 
the Botmick and Anatomkk Profe{four, ihew'd me many of the mofl: 
rare of them J and prefcnted me divers. The ^w/twy School 
js not large ; yet the only one in thofe parts of Germany .■ And thev 
have divers curiofities preferved in it, as the Si-e/eton of a Hart of a 
Horfe, of a Man, of a Bear bigger than a Horfe : And forae Pidures 
as one of a Ninrjite, and another of Mofes,- whlda the v take to 
be Ancient. Dr. /^^^^^/o'/, Profeflbur of Law and Hiftory, brother 
to Captain Wagenfeyl, who travelled with me from Heideller^ invited 
us to lodge at his Houfe, and Ihew'd me his Library, and all hilRaretieJ 
andCoyns, whereof he hath a good Collection, having lived m moll 
places o{ Europe, and fpeaks many Languages well ; he gave me a piece 
ot the hrft money that was coined in Germany. In the Univer/itv T 
brary I faw a fair Hortus Eyjletenju, and romgerman\ Colieclion nf 
Plants by his own hand. * 

At Nurnlerg I met with the Son and the Secretary to the HoIL^J 
Ambaflador m Turk^, who had travelled hither over-land from c 
ftanttnople in their return into the Low-CcuMtries, traveilincr in CrZl 
Habits. '=' ^'^^'^ 

From hence I went to Neivmark, a good Town in tlie upper Pibfi 
Ttate belonging to the Duke of Bavaria, and the next day through 
Heinmaw, lubjed: to the Duke of Newherg, to Regenshurg. ^ 

Rat iJbonaRegenf burg, Augufla Tiber li , Colonia Quartamrum the 
chiet place ot the Ramans m this limit of the Empire, u here the fourth 
Jtalkk Legion had a conllant ftation ; u'as made a Colony by Tiber i 
us in the year, as fome conceive, of the Palllon of our Saviour. It was 
much augmented and adorned by the Emperour Amulphus who had 
a great afTedion for this place, fo pleafantiv feated, and in a good Coun 
try. Here the River Regen runs into the Danube ; from whence it 
u-as called Regenjlmg. There are two Bridges,one of wood below the 
Town, and another Bridge of ftone of about fifteen Arches • which is 
the faireft ftone Bridge over the Danube. It is an Imperial City bu' 
not without fome acknowledgement to the Duke oi Bazaar la ■ And al' 
though It be ftrongly fortified, yet it was taken by the Swedes m the 
German wars There are many fair buiiuings m it, botii private and 
pubhck ; and though I am not able to confirm what fome report that 
there asaremany Churches andChappeJs in this Cit\-,as there are dayi la 
the year ; yet are there many fair Churches and Convents : As the Ca- 
thedral of St.Perer,Qn the South-fide of which is the Piihire of St Peter 

A Journey fro?n Colcn to Vienna. 



in a ihip ; andon the North another of the Apoftles firft Miflion. In 
the Piazza Hands a neat little Church, the Convent of St, Paul 
founded by St. ^yolfga>tgus,?,\^v.oy^ of this place,the Convent of St. Eme-^ 
rammus Bilhop ot Ratisbone, a Saint of great Veneration here, though ^^^nsbm^ 
but ot hctlc mention or name in other parts. The name o^ AlherTus 
.4/j^;///j,Bi(hop ot^this place,hath allb added unto the Fame of Regenfbur^ 
But that which chiefly promotes its luftre, is the General Diet or 
Parliament, u hich is often held in this City, and is not to be called ia 
any part out ot Qermany ; and the place is not unfit for the accommo- 
dation ot luch a noble Convention, as are the Eftatcs of Germany. The 
Vicc-Marlhal takes care to provide Lodgings refpedtively to their 
perlons, and fees that all things be brought hither, and at a juft price - 
that the Hall or Place of Affembly be furnifhed and adorned fuitably to 
th^ dignity of the Perfons convened, and hath an efpecial eye and re- 
gard towards the Publick latety. By this Convention tr.e great Con- 
cerns ot Germany are much fecurcd, and their peace and quiet Eftablifli- 
ed. Wherein G'^/'Wrf;;v fecms to have a better advantage than Italy; 
for Italy being likewilc divided into many Dominions and Principalities' 
hath no Common Diet or Great Council, whereby to proceed for their 
Publick (atety : Which makes them often fo divided in their common 
Concerns in times of Danger.and when they mofl need a joynt Com.- 

I entred the notable River Daml}us at this place, which hath al- 
rcacy run a good courfe, and pafled by many fair Towns or Cities ; 
as tile large City oivlme in Swahenland^ where it begins to be Na- 
vigable ; as alio Donuwert^ Neuburg^ and Ingoljiadt^ and hath already 
received the confiderable River oi Lkus or Leek whereby the Com- 
modities of that great trading City of Ai^gfbcrg, arc brought into ir/ 
When I firft embarked at Rrgenfburg.l thouglit I might have taken leave 
of the Damibe not far below yienna^MX. an opportunity made me fee this 
great Stream beyond Bdgrade.i^ I have declared in another Account of 
my Tiavels. 

The firft day wc pafled by tkonawfltyn^ where there is a Caftic 
feated upon a high Rock, and came to Pfetcr or Fetera Cajira of old, 
now but an ordinary place. The Boats upon the Damibe are generally 
painted black and white, are flat bottomed, and broad at the Head and 
Stern ; there is a Chamber built in the middle ; and the Rudder is ve- 
ry large, to be able to command the Boat where the River is rapid, and 
of a Swift Courfe. 

The next day we came to Straubing, a handfomc walled Town, be- ^^'*^'^'"^' 
longing to the Duke of jg^x-^r/;/; the Streets are ftreight; and there 
is a Tower in the Market-place, painted all over with green and gold 
colour : There is alfo a Bridge of wood over the Danube. We palled 
by Swart z in the Afternoon, where the Church is feated upon a Hill, 
and isirequented by Pilgrims, and lodged at Deckendorff^ where there 
is another Bridge. Near this Town comes into the Danube that con- 
fiderable River Ifer^ or IJara^ having pafled by divers confiderable 
Towns; ^sLandfhHt^ Frijing, and^ Scat ot' Ferdinandus 
Marta^ Eledor of Bavaria^ Great Steward of the Empire, and at pre- 
fentthe firft of the Secular Electors, and he is to take place immedi- 
ately after the King of Bohemia , it being to concluded on at the 
Treaty of y%!^»/?fr, ^\\^i^ Maximilian Duke of Bavaria was allowed. 


' ^' 

■■ I 


' mX' 






A Journey fwm Colcn to Vienna. 




to hold the Elccaorlliip, which U'as confrmcdli^hiir'irTjr-J- 

?i;/ "/'"r ''f"''' "1'™ '"= «^'" j'^i " -"- ^- . e F h cS; 

Falatir.e, and in lieu hereo there was an pidhr V\, ^>r^ n "^ '^"^'?'»^f""t 
the /'.zA;/,«„v^ Family whoalfo ,fr ?2 ^ ^ ^'P, '''"^"^ <"'' 

Ti.urfday, Novemler the fifteenth, Weomehv rr/;/7.» . n //• 
P-^/^^/^, cr ^.W«.«;^, a Jongand nolle rTvTn.-^.'''"^'^^'"'' 
or ^.j..;,, made up of three llwm //. // S % r '' ^^']'' ^'^^''-'^ 
the concurrence of the River /^I-hf^n' ^f-^''"\'^^ ^-/^^^^^t 

Towns are co,.n.cnIy of g^^t .^i^^u y v^i^^h^i^^.'^^he C '^ 
fluence ofcrcat Rivers for the Sf.-m, ^i, r c cuiitat tlie Con- 

cnce ofci^merce ^S iTJhls ^S';;^^ t'^S ^ 7^" 
lony and the ploce of the C.^. /?..... in old dmc "" ' '^ ^" 

Ins Revenues a e ar^ .nd l^r^ " 'a ''''^'^'^^S PaJace upon a Hill ; 
^ath the S :'^;S: nS: gS; L^-SS:!:^: ;e.abouts, he 
r^^^t/;:a. This place had lately fuf?ercd much hlfJ f -^ '^ T '^'- 
M-as rebuilt, and very fairlv airr rrlw, r ' ^' ^^^ ^5^°^ Part 

well be reckoned as Le of the ten ^^^^^^^^ '^^'T ''''' "^'^ 

the LXw.le, accounting from ^/^"^ unto S^^X. 5 V ^'^'^ "^ "P^" 

di which from /rL/..^.. I h d dfe'iit^ftun tT;;;r', '^?'^''' f ^^^'■f '• 

my Journey Near to i VV.II ^, opportumt> to lee before the end of 

South, IS thepeateflRiv;Tth! .: ^y^;:^^^^^^^^ ^^ ''' 

Sa/rzlug . and arifing m the ^Z* -x in fuch i hiohCn^Jlr; 
It runs in here witha £reat forr/ on^ Jj ° ^-ountry as 7/rr/,s, 
oftheDW. ^ ^orce,_and.adds much unto the f«iftncls 

Upon the Sixteenth we came to Z;»/- t-J-,«^i,- r/-- • . . 
^«7,«, not very great, but as „eS td 'ha ndr^f fg,'" ';,'"g''« 
Crr^My. There is in it a very areat M,;^l« T f^ ™" '" 
Houfe m it. the whole Town builf of a very w hfre ?' "i "" " " ''"' 
&ftle upon the Hill . of MorderrBu.S.";^d //rv h^ '' xl"'' "■' 
alfo a Bridge over the Damle Thp Trr^r. ^'. r - ^^^^- T'^^""^ -s 

when ^. /jL« came L^;;/; ^.isTrt'^u''?' rendezvoufed here 

of ^.//..; in the tim or^Tw^he Second '^'^'l^-'-^'" ""'''''"'' 
dy together of Forty thouiknd m'n, nd m^^^^^^^ pieci7of ol" ^'^ ' P" 
were floutly repulfed after manv AfT.uL J P'7^^°^ Ordnance, but 

,.. W N^ot fa'r belo^T.rSellt'r^^t ^n el thTS '' ^ 
comes from the Cen>m^.er Se,, or Lacu, fZT i ? ^ f ' ' '^-^ 
^V^., and other Town, and ha^hl^Sat;::^^^^^' 

^ journey from Colen /o Vienna'. 

The ^^hirli? =i vocIj in th.- 7)iini-f^. /{?.';,..,- 

/'t/;/ y.»,<7 

The next day we pafTed by Eks, Amjia, upon the River J^iffus, or 
Onajui which taking its original m the Borders o? Saltzhrdand runs 
into the Danuie, and divides the higher from the lower AuJinahzMim 
received into it felt the River Saiua, upon which ftands CelLov 
Mana Cell, a place of the grcatcll Pilgrimage in Aujlria. Near this 

or^riT"/ ^^'"^''Coy"s=i"d Antiquities found, and i:^«r/^r««, 
Itood of old, a Hom.w Garrifon,and afterwards a Bilhop's See: wccame 
toa\illageontheNorthfl7oarofthe Danule, called (7r./«,, where 
the Qraff von LeichtsnHeyn hath a Houfe. A little below this are two 
dangerous palTages in the River ; the one called the StrHdeL^\itx^ the 
Kiver running amongft vail Rocks,rome under water, and fome above 
the waves are broken with great force, and the Current is rapid ' 
oaming, and troublelome ; and fome skill is required to pafs between 
the Ledges- ofRccks which are under water, and when the water is 

^ low 






' T 



+** ■ 



■ /r 

1 ' 

1i ' 

■ > 

i ''!. 

' h 

A Journey from Colcn to Vienna. 

low he paffage ,s very d.iHcult. The other is the WurleL or a ki^d 
ot V^hirlpool, where the water turns about with great lorce be m^ 
hmdred m ,ts diredt Courfe by a great Rock. Uponfhe top of a h Sh 
craggy Rock (lands a large Crcfs, and at the foot a Jitde Church 
dedicated to S, N.hcUs, who is Patron of this dangerou place and 
IS bchev^ed to take peculiar care of fuch as pafs this way, and tlSefore 
a httie Boat comes to you as foon as you are out of danger and ^^^^^ 
aeves what Acknowledgment you pleaib, or what perhaps you mav 
have promifcd togue, when you were in lome ear/ This nSht 
^c lodged at Ips, Ipjru,.^ or //#,, a Town on the Scuth^de of ?he 
£)...^.: over againft it hes Befade.g, or Tjfl-^um Ptl^T^, XwJ 
Cerr^an mdes below Ips ft.nds PuhUm^ conceived to be W.J. i^ 
former times • and here the River ErLph enters the w/ Se 
and a haU below this lies Mekkc, NoJie, or Mea d.akita^ former 
to^ /'"//" "^ 'i^', ^''r^ «^''-''-//-., until St. Z..^./> removed 

to A'alenherg, and his Succtircurs 

to rjenna. The Town lies 


length upon the of the River; but the noble Cloifter of 

f mf r'? ''^'''^'}'^T ^'^^^ ^^'^"y other in W.//..., ftand "upon 
a Hi 1 u h.chover-looks the Town, the River, and the Country about 
IS nchly endowed, and remarkable for the Monuments of Sv"". 
Perrons and the Tomb of St Colman, much honoured in Thde larts 
We dmed at ,tej., where there is a Bridge over the /?.«. J Nea "n 
this lies CrerrM^ another walled Town ; and over the w aS MalTerT 
or.d not tar from it the rich Convent of Ket.esn ; At^er ?hL the Riv.r 
Tra:J., or 7 r,g^j.n,a^ ^omes in fron the South Having d.^p^ I 
the noted Town St. P././, or St. /^^M^-, we lod^d "h^^^^^^ 

%^:';Xn^ ""^ '-' railed 4 Z7.4 ...<t^^- 

- r 




O F 

V I E N 

IE N N A, or I1^e'.f, which the Turks call Beacb^ 

is the Chief City of Anlhia, in the Latitude of forty 

eight Degrees, twenty Minutes, not much differing 

from the Latitude of Paris, The old Seat ef the 

Dukes of At4jiria^ and for a long time of the Empe- 

ro rs otGfrwawy. According to ancient account it rtands 

in Pannonia Juperior, the Bounds of Panmnia extend- 

iig unto Kalemherg^ or Mon^ Cctius^ five or fix Miles Weftward of 

Vknna ; beyond which ftili Weftward all that lies between that HiJI 

a:id the great River Oenus^ or Inne^ which runs into the Danube at i^j/- 

jaxv^ or Caflra BatavUy was anciendy called iV^r/'*w. 

It was an ancient place of Habitation in the time of the Roma?n^ 
^wd c%\\Qd yindohona^ as the Learned Petrus LamUctus hath at large 
declared, where the Claffis Ifinca fometimes lay, and the tenth Ger- 
man Legion had its flation ; all this Ihoar or fide of the Danube heirs fe*- 
mousforthe A(3:ions of Roman Emperors againtt the Marcomu^n^wd 
Quaz/iy who polTelled the Country on the other fide ofthi? River, an^! 
efpecially for the Wars of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Ph/lojophus, wh<jj 
notably defeated thofe Nations, and who, as Aurelius ndor Qwha:^ 
was Governor of Sirmium in Pannonia inierior-, in the time of Conjlau^ 
tius^ affirms, fell fick at Camuntum^ now Petrenel , and died at 
Vindobona^ now Vienna. And to confirm the Antiquity hereof, oefides 
what Wvlfgangus Lazius hath delivered, not many years fince fonc 
Antiquities were found. For in the year r66x. when a WaJl was Gig- 
ged up near the old Palace, the Workmen digging ft ill on below the 
Foundation, found a Stone Trough or Coffin, containing hard Earth 
and Bones, with a fmall Gold Coyn, a Glafs Urn enclofed in a Brals 
one, an Iron Knife like a Sicefoita^ or Knife ufed about Sacrifices, a lit- 
tle Roll or Scroll of pure Gold, fhut up with a Golden cover at both 
ends, wherein was an Infcription in Ifrange Charadiers : Not far tirom 
the Sepulchral Monument were found a Head in Brafs, a Brazen Pate>-^ 
ra^ Lamps, Lachrymatories, and other Vellels, and a Copper Coyn of 
Antoninm Caraca'/uu The writing in tlie Golden Scroll, which no 
man could read, was conceived by the Learned Lambecjus to I o the 
old /'(^wwo^/u^ Character, and that thfe might be the Monurnr?nt of 
fome Pannenian Prieft in tl>e days ^iCaraca/Ia^ who, as good Authocis 
deliver, fpent fome time about thele parts. 

I ^ii7 


I * 

Jfff * 










-ii \ 



A Defcription of Vienna. 



I % T'' "*1 

1 nli 

JVcJ a" '^l South-ndc of the DaHuh, on the npa Ron,ana 

that fKle neareft to Rome and many Roman Colonies, according to the 
ufual pontion of V^^.«;.« Stations, both upon this River and th?S;L. 
as may be exemplified m Colen, Bonna, And.mach, CohUntz MnU 
mrmes, Sp^er and Strajl.r^ And in like manner' in the oklt^'^^ 
Stations, on the South or Roman fide of the Da.ule, which were in no 
Ml number in or near the Auflnan Ihoar. as Carnuntum, or Petrc^d 
/ ,fM or A^utmnium Eierjdorff, or A/a Nova, Melck, or M-' 
n,ale,Arlape,oxPechlarne,LenNa otnntz', ior hereby they better 
before them "'^' '""^''"^ the incurfions of the ^,rh^. 

It is not feated upon the main ftream of the Z)^««/. but by a branch 
thereof; tor the River running through a low Countr^ ,- it is divided 
imo feveral Streams, and makes many Iflands. A fmaJ River named 
W^nrms by the Eaft part o this City, and enters the Danuie, bdSv 
It, which upon floods doth often much hurt, vet fomctime. 1.^3 
very (hallow, fo as I have ilepped over it .- fo'm" wSTv:i"^|^ 
the Name unto this City : it divides part of the Suburbs from it ?n^ 
hath divers Bridges over It For that we may have a dillind appre- 
henfion of r..««., we mud confider the City and Suburbs hereo" 
the Suburbs are very great, and not without fair Houfes Gardens' 
Walks, and all Accommodations at large. ' ^'^'^°^"^' 

The City itfelf is that walled and fortified part, dcfiened not nnlv 
for convenience of Habitation, but alfo to fuftain I sleg? or any At^ 
tack from the r«r^ and is now feparared from the Suburbs by a fZ 
Effianadf, or open Ground, above a Musket Ihot over. The Houfo 
near the wall were pulled down fince the lafl Fortification in t er«S 
war, when they were m (ome fear that the Turk:/}: Forcev abour r. 
and iV...^«M would move towards them, ft is IZtum^Z 
;r^mth ten Baflions towards the Land, and a very deep Difcirimo 
which they can let the Damie : and with two other BaftionftoVlrS 
he water, on that part ofthe River which lies on the No?tl>fide If 
the Town. Thefe two latter are called the Works of Gonzag The 
Bafbons are large ; upon one of them niw Count W^.^Wra 
good part of the Militia of the City. The Ditch is lai^e and veTy deep 
into which although they can let m the River, yet kis commonly ken; 
dry left they might incommode their deep Cellars. TherTare ^o 
walls, the one old and inward, iittle confiderable at preS, built at 
firft with the ranlom of our King ^..Wthe Firft, who in his re urn 
from the Holy War, was detained Prifoner by the Duke oS" i" 
upon thczoth oi December, ^,9^. The ^«y/..ix pretending 1^^ had 
received fome affront from the King at 7.^^^, and that he had taken 
down the Enfign and Banner of Duke Leopo/^in a contemptuous way 
The other outward of a great breadth, made of Earth, and faced S 
Brick, edged with Free-ftone, fo well built, as to render this Ckv one 
of the moft confiderable fortified places in Europe. Th^ eILZI 
gently defends from the Town for three hundred Paces Zillt 
very few Outworks. ' "^ ^^^ 

h i'i!*'? uncertain who was the firft BuUJer of riema, and after it 
had been long built it ran to decay again for Four hundred years tSe 
ther, till /^enrythc Firft, Duke of ^«yU, in the year i ifg ^dTd S 
repaint; andtheranfom afterwards of King /f.iw beauufied 1? 


A Defcription 0/ Vienna. 

The whole com pafs, taking in the Suburbs, makes'a very laree Cir- 
cuit, but the City it felf. which is walled in, may be abcut three miles 
in Circumference, and is exceeding populous, as full of People, for the 
bignefs of the p ace, as moft of the great Cities. And I could not but 
take delight to behold fo many Nations in it, as Turh, Tartars Gr<e^ 
uam, Tranjyhamans, Sdavomam, Hunganam, Croariam, Spaniards 
Itahans, French, Germans, Polandcrs, &c. all in their proper Habits ' 

The chief Gates are fix : i. Stuhnthor, or the Stuhen Gate towards 
the haft %, Kamtertbor, or the Gate ofCartnthia' towards the South 
3. Burghor, tile Town Gate, or CajHe Gate. 4. Schottentkor or the' 
Scotch Gate 5- Newthor, or the Neugate ; thefe two la It towards tlie 
Weft : And 6. the Gate of the red Tower towards tlie North, which 
leads unto the Bridge over the Damle : and towards the water-fide 
there is alio a Port by the Emperor's palace,and a Cloyftcr or Nunne- 
ry in the Town hath the Name of a Port called ///w/«e/ port or the 
Gate of Heaven. The five firft of thefe Gates are vaulted and arched 
with long paflages through the Town-wall, and have good Bridges of 
Wood, u ith Draw-bridges to pafs over the Town ditch : The fixth is 
under a Tower, and leads to the Bridges of tlie £)afjule : For that River 
runs here in a flat low Country ,divides its ftreams, fo that to pafs it 
quite over, there are at prefent feven long Bridges made up of many 
thoufand Trees laid one by another, after their way of making Bridges. 

the Houles ot the other, fo th t to continue ic,thcy were forced tobui'd 
a Bridge or Arch in the Lower-Jlreet^ to let the upper to pafe over* 

The City is fairly built of flone, and well paved ; many Houfes are 
of fix ftnies high ; they are fomewhat flat roofed after the Italian 
way ; the Streets arc not narrow, but the compafs of ground will not 
admit them to be very broad ; and their Buildings are remarkable both 
above and below ground ; their Cellars are very deep. To fatisfie my 
curiofity, I went into fome of them, and found four Cellars one under 
another; they were arched, and had two pair of Stairs todefcend into 
them. Some have an open fpace in the middle of each roof, to let the 
Air out of one Cellar into another, and from the lowefl; an adit or /«- 
ie unto the tGp,to let the Air in and out from the Itrcet, fomewhat af- 
ter the manner of the Mines. 

^naas Sylvius^ about two hundred years fince, commending the 
City of Nnrnhurg^ among other exprclfions lets fall this : Cuperent Sco- 
torum Reges tain egregjc quam mediocres CivesNonnh^rgtnks habitare. 
Tlie Kings of the Scots would be content to dwell fo well as the mid- 
dle forts of Citizens o{ Numburl I mull confefs, when 1 firft entred 
Nurnhnrg, I was much furprized to fee fuch a noble, large, fpruce,rich, 
and well built City : but Fienna doth alfo deferve the commendation 
which he aflbrds it : Z'bz Palatu digna Regtbus^ ^ Templa ifUiS mira^ 
ri Italia pojjit. Where there are Palaces fit tor Kings, and Churches 
which Italy may admire. And this being fpoken fo long ago, is now 
better verified of it. 

The Imperial Palace is very Noble, Subfl:antial,and Princely furnilh- 
td, confifting chiefly of two Courts ; the one very large, the other lei- 





A Defcription of Vienna. 



"' 1 



fer, wherein the Emperor Jod^es Ar ^Iln p«.3 . — " 

fetin Cap.tals Lettm thefv ' Vow k W ;?%"? ^'^ ^^^^' ^^ 
Phancics of men make vanous inter Jetarion.' t. '/ J ''.''"'^^ ^''« 
me, was this, w«//„^ ./? ZV.J./S/- 7? / '' "^^'"^^ ^^^'^ ^"''l 

tbcugl. I could hardly Ul eve fh stl the ^Vf"^, 'S ^''^''^^^- ^1- 
ncfes there two Court's is anX'r'S ot , u e'e^S Tthe"! '^■■ 
lodge. I took notice of a larae rouph 7 ,/!, n x "^ ^"S^''^ 

groundJittJe regarded or obfef^ed.f;/!^ flone iymg upon the 

wasprefemed un'to the Lte^ t^t^r hK^c^^^^^^ '' 

Country affords notable Quarried "^ f [f '^'^^"P '^ '^'^^''.-^^'•^(^whofc 

piece oHt pohihcd, aLds finrN^How '^'"^^ 

The Palace ot the C^unt ^f r "J nd Ih ' ^ f''.V'"^ ""'^''^ ^^^"^• 
S^^^Ut and nobly .rn^^ -^^-^rSleT ^T^ 

large Church, in the middle whe Lf tlW Lve builr C^r^^^ ^'? ^ 
the manner of the Holv Hn.w;. o. i- ^ ""'^ * ChappcJ alter 

hang the Colouma^^V^^'^L'Vira^d' 7-r" "" "P <?'"l!'^'' 
En/lgns are not fquare lite aar^U^^J J^"' """^ °f »''"<^'> 

Witf Circles, wh^rra«:x;SrM:,c^n!'"m 

are large, whofeldom fail nfrw.K/«r V "^"^ /^>''^-y Colleges 

they hav'e fo ^oS fo^ti^g as L^S ^TCT ^^^T""^^ '" P^=^^^^^ ^'^^^ 
opeis into a fair p!l!^>^/L . e miS' ^'^^ 
highcompofiteColumnd'S;J;";l'i%:^^^^^^^^^ V^^^^ ^"'^ 

four Angds with Efcucheons, aSd^ on the top S ln^"f ^?""'' "^j^^ 
fcnptionsairo,inuhichtfacEm^ordeTr/.^f i 1^^^'' ^''Sm ; In- 
nagc and Tuic on. * ^ '"'"' '^'"^'■''' ""^° ^er Patro- 


! sJ 

. / ' 

/i;i^^ 'If 




ADefcripion of Viennj 


'\ :■■///,■ 

LakiL Oliuer (Fee 

- '^.L'=-^^ 

r-^ ^ ^^-v 


■■^.-■.'^^, r 

I could not but oblerve the 6'../c>& Church and Cloiller, which gave 
alfo the name unto the Scotch G^t^ of the City, becaufe I fomewhat 
wondred how the^c.,. in old time fhould be lb confideraWeTthl 
place ; but I found by Information, and the Account oiLaztus and Mat 
th^usMenan m Htgh-dutch, that this Convent was in former times a 
great Receptacle for the ^../.u, their long Pilgrimage ^n^lr^Te^, 





founded and endou^Jl^TM^^^^;;^ 

gory : and ,t may feem Icfs Grange that l^^^^^^ °^" ^'- Gr,. 

v^ent here and be numerous m thffe pSLn former t"'^^''^ ^ C°"- 
that Str./^^;,,oneof the Saintsof the sreateftTn^ ' '^-"^^ ^""^d^'' 
try, was a ^<r./c/.;^^«, and faid to be of rh. r T^^'^'^/^o" ^n this Coun- 
n h,s paffage to 7.V./.«, was mufd ed ^f K^^^ 
people at Suci-erau, four (7..;„.. m fes fn^m^ 1 ^"7 .°' ^""^^X 
frce, where, as the Story goes his Rn^l f' ^"^ ^^"ged on a 

year and a halF, and div4 M ;a L bet "aX"n?^ "?^°-"p'^d for a 
down, and honourably interred near ?^ r™^^,"^ ^t' ^t was taken 

of Magnificent Monuments in their Qh^rlht ^''P^"«es not admitting 

otiier Orders, no Tombs are erSed wort^^^^^^^ '' '" '^' ^'^"^^'^^^ "f 
luch Empreffes. ^ ^°"''^ ^° S^-eat an Emperor, and 

^But the Cathedral Church of St C/^/,/ 
ments of many Princes and Great Perfom- r;/°""/"' ^^^ ^«nu. 
ing, but fomewhat dark bv reafon of Ihe rf. ^ "* ^ ^''S' ^^f'^^J BuiJd- 
vcred with Lead, but with Tfe of wo d ^ticr^'l''^"^? ^ "°^ ^- 
thereof yet makes a good ftow. TIk: SreeS ^ 'c'^' °"^^ ^^^^^^ 
markable, as beiog high, large ftrori \^J? Vr"^ ^P''" ^''^ ^'^ry re- 
,,,. vveathcr-cock-p^e ofthe 4- S^ CroltnT' ?" '''' ^^ - 
-TVIoon, according to the Figure I h-ive n^r.V ? "^'^^'" "" '^^^^ ^nd half 
People think to be of Golfor t £ft trv w' M ^'^^?"' ^^^'^'^ ^^" 
time of Thunder and Liglitnintr it l< nl f ^ T" ^'^'^^'^ '■ =^"d in the 

They have th. Accou^nTot^^ , ^.f ^^e^^^^ 
place : That when Solyman the M.gniSt h r ^' ^" "P '" ^^^'^ 
ving the Forces in the Cty to be Sate he ) f ^ '^''"""' P^^^^'" 
tcr down the Steeple about tiieir earf « ' '"'^ an intent to bat- 
great Commanders, advertifi.m w2 'u ^"'^'"^ ?^ ^"^^ ^^^(Tas and 
vv ould prove, and w.tlial when fc ook Z IT'T^'' ' '^'^^^'^ '^ 
;^ouId be unto him to have fuch a Noble Pyr^nll ^^''l '11'^°"'^"^ '^ 
He .nt word into the Town, That h^!: j iSg t^l^^^^ 

up< n 


A Defcription of Vienna. 

upon condition that they wouldlT^p the half Moon and Star fthe 
nrbJhArms) upon tlie top thereof. They returned Anfwer that 

This Spire hatlithe largeft Crockets I have obferved in any thev 
being above a j-ard long, and adorned with foliage work The Spue 
of La.^/h.te m B.^,r^a, is accounted the h.gheft in g7™v thafof 

This Steeple is accounted about four hundred fixty and five foot 
ligh being about half way up three hundred and thirty eirtfteps 
Bcfides other H.-ls, I could fee //..«,^«.g,. Hill withinTwo^mies of 
/'mW and a great part of ^«//..., which the long C^urfe ofthl 
/W. rendred very pleafartand delightful into the eve In he 
Chamber or Room from whence I had this profpeA, there is a Clock 
whole Cafe being of wood, was in part burnt down b^L gh ning and 
therefore there is water always kept in this place to extiS tlfe' fire 

itroTalf:ZZf' ""''T " i'" P'^'^ "^"^ thf Ills ^^^^^^^^ 
VScVti^^nZ^ TT'^'l'^''^^' or wooden Bells or Haa^.mers^ 
Which they make ule of from Good-Friday till Eajter-funday all the 

Z^^^HP^' '''' " ^^^ ^^^^^' ^"-S ^^^^ "- ^ey permit 

i^ De/cription of Vienna. 

in Vienna 


At one of the doors of the Church there is a ftone placed in the 
ivall, which is generally conceived to be one of the flones wherewith 
St. Stephen was ftoned. h feemed to me fome kind of pebble, and 
is worn and polilhed by the hands of the people, who when they enter 
at that door, do touch it with their fingers. I was alfo ihewed one 
of the ftones which killed St. Stephen at St. Sernine, or St. Satumines 
Church in Tholoufe in France, which is a Church abounding with Re- 
liqug-Rareties, and where they alfo think they have the Bodies of fe- 


A Defcription c/Vicnni. 

ven of the Apoftlcs, of St. George, of our King St. Edmund, and of for- 
ty Saints. 

In this Church of "Stt. Stephen, bcfides many Monuments of great 
Princes and famous Pcrlbns, divers learned tr.en have Sepulchraf In- 
fcriptions ; as Johannes Faher.Bilhop of Henna ; Johannes Cufpimanus. 
and Sehajtianus Tengnagcl/m, tornierly Library-keeper, Hilloricgra- 
pher, and Councellor to the Emperour, an extraordinar} learned man, 
and skilful in fifteen Languages, as the Infcnption delivers; as Helreii\ 
Syrzack, Chaldee, Ptrfian. Aralkk.TurkiJh, ^Ethiopick, Greek ^ Latin, 
Italian, French, Spahlfh, German^ l-elgick, and Englifh. 

The Univerflty o{ Fienna is alfo remarkable, if we confidcr the An- 
tiquity thereof, the number of Scholars thctr courfe of Studies, rheir 
accommodations, privileges and advancements. This is laid to ha\'c 
been begun by Alhertm the Third, above three hundred years pafl .; 
and their Rules, Orders, and Statutes to have been borrow ed from tlie 
Univerflty oi Pans, and the Students were diftinguilhed into four 
Divifions or Nations ; who, befides the General, have their particular 
Rules and Officers, aid were comprehended under the Clajfis of Au- 
y/r/./;/j. Nations of the Rhine, Hungarians^ znd Saxons, 

In fhe Anjirian Divifion were contained the Fr.idians, all of the D!o- 
cefc oi Trent, all Italy, with the otner Provinces beyond the Moun- 

In the Claffis of thsi?/^^*? were comprehended Suc-u'ians, Alfatians, 
Francomans, Hajfians ; a!lo all the Provinces to the South-weft", as 
France, Spazn, Nav-.rre, Ho Hand, Brahant. 

In the third Clafis,ox Nat to //w^/g*?/-/^, were contained Hungarians, 
Bohemians, Polonians, Moravians,SclavoniaHS,d\\ that fpeak the Scluvo- 
nian Tongue, and alfo Germans. 

To the Clajfis or Natio Saxonum, were reduced Saxons, Wejlphalians, 
Frifianders, Turing' -^ns, Mifnians, Brandcnhurgers^Prujfians, Livonians, 
Liifatians^ Power am ans,v^'\l\i\!n^ Vltramarine Kingdoms oi E gland, 
Scotland, Ireland, Sweden^ Norway^ and Denmark, 

Thefe Divifions take up all the Nations of Europe -^ and indeed 
there are Students here of many Nations: and upon Contentions and 
Diilercnces the fcveral Clajfes Will hold unto their own, and take parts, 
and bandy againft:each other, but will all unite and hold together in 
differences with Towns-men or Jews, which happen fumetimes 
unto an high degree. 

They follow here the old beaten way of Knowledge : and I met 
with few wlio had any good in fight in new Philojopby ; but there are 
many good Philologers, and are well verfed in Languages, Hiftory and 
Antiquity : and there are many Learned Men either educated here, 
or come from other parts. Some who had taken notice of the Royal 
Society in London^ were very inquifitive after it ; and when I had la- 
tisfied them in all particulars, were very much pleafcd therewith. If 
they Ihould fall into the way o{ Experimental Philofophy, being very 
indufl:rious, 'tis very probable they may do much therein,and they were 
fure to have the countenance of the Emperor. I found them alfo 
much affected with tlie Enghjh Society in other parts oiGerr/tany. At 
the Univerflty di Altorff \ was much enquired of concerning it : and 
a Magift:rate o^Numburg, who had got a Tilefcope from London, invi- 
ted me to his Houfe, to pradticc the v;^y of ufirg it. Drj Herr von 

T % Adlerjbetnc 



A Vefcription of Vienna, 


Alder jhelm^- of Lcipjick, a Pcrfon of frreat Curiofity, was very inquifi- 
tive after the fame S ciety. And of late years the Cunofi o{ Germany 
have held Learned Conventions and Correlpondence,and printed their 
Clfervatwns^t Lefpjick. And ilnce my Return into E^glanJ^WxuvQ 
been follicitcd from C^ijfovia in Z^ppi r Hungary^ to fend iXi^TranfMions 
into thofe Parts, 

During my flay at /7^;;;;j,T went unto a publick Anatomy of a 
Woman that was beheaded : the Letlure lalfed {o long, that the Body- 
was Nineteen days unburied. It was performed by a Learned Phyfi- 
cian, Dr. Wolfjiregel^ who read in Latin to the fatisfad:ion of all per- 
fons. What I mofl particularly obferved therein was this, The Pyra-^ 
widal Miifdes very plain and large; the Vterus larger than isufually 
obferved ; the CartiLgo Enjiformis double ; the Limgs very black ; 
the Eye was very well ihown ; he produced an artificial Eye of Ivory, 
and another large one of Pallbcard and Paper, contrived and made by 
himfclf; the Alufcles of the Pharynx, Larynx, Os Hyoides, and the 
Tongue^ after their difledlion, he reduced very handfomly into their 
proper places again ro Ihew their natural fituation and pofition. The 
Ana'omy-Tbeatre was of capacity to receiv e above an hundred perfons ; 
but of Anatomy-Ttjea'res, until of late, there have been fewinOV/*- 
many, or none. And when I was in the Anatomy^SchooldX Altorff^nt^t 
Nurenlurg, that learned civil Profeflbr, Dr. Mauritius Ilojfmamm, to\k 
me that the fame was the Firft in Germany. 

Pauhu de Sorbait, Prime ProfefTor, Phyfician unto Ekonora the Em- 
prefs Dowager, and Knight oi Hungary, was the Rector Magmficus. 
Zwelfer, who writ Animadverjtons upon the Difpenfatory of Ausburg^ 
was in great repute in Vie^ma.zTi^, had built for himfelf a'^Noble Houle 
in the City, but he died fome time before my coming thither. 

In fine, the Univerfity is noble, their Advancements confiderable, 
their Privileges great, and they have the power of hfe and death^ 
from Ancient and later Conceflions of their Dukes and Empe- 

But the greateflluflre unto Viennals the Refidence of the prefent 
Emperor Leopolds ; he was born in the year 1638. he was Son unto 
tiie Emperor Ferdinand the Third ; he was baptized by the Names of 
LeopoUus, Ignatius, Francijcus, Balthazar. Jofephus, Felicianus. His 
ekieft Brother Ferdinand, King of the Romam, died of the Small Pox 
in his Fathers time. His Brother Carolus Jofephus, Mafler of the 
teutonick Order, dyed 1663 He married Margareta Infanta ol Spain 
daughter unto King Philip the Fourth, whofe Children died Infants; 
a vertuous, affable, grave and worthy Prince, and feemed to me to 
live very happily here, in the love and honour of hi^ People, Soul- 
diers, and Clergy. 

His Perfon is grave and graceful • he hath the Aujlrian Lip re-' 
markably, his Chm long, which is taken for a Good Phyfiognomical 
mark, and a fign of a conftant, placid, and little troubled mind. He is 
conceived to carry in his Face the lineaments of fcur of his Predecef- 
iours, that is of Rudolphus the Firfl, of Maximilian the Firfl,of Charles 
the Fifth, and Ferdinanith^ Firft. He was very aftedionate unto his 
Emprefs.who, though but young, was a raodeft, grave Princefs, 
had a good afpedt, was zealous in her Religion, and an Enemy unto 
the J^ ws. He ilicwed alfo great rcipeta and oblervance onto the 


A Dejcription of V^icnna. 


Emprcfs Dowager Ekonora, who was a lobcr and prudent Princefs 
well skilled in all kind of curious Works, and deliglited ibmet;mis to 
flioot at Deer from a Stand, or at other Game, out of licr Coach. 
He was alio very loving unto his Sillers, beautiful and good Princefles j 
whereof one, the eldcft, was fmcc married unto that Noble Prince 
Michael^ Wifnowitz.^ki, King of Poland. And ajterwards to Charles 
Duke ot Lorain. 

He fpeaksfour Languages, German, Italian, Spa^ifJ:, and Latin. He 
is a great Counrcranccr of L arncd Men, and delights to read, and 
when occahon i)er nits, will pafs fome hours at it. The worthy Pe- 
tria Lambecim,\\\% L'brary Keeper, and who is in great elleem with 
him, will ufually (ind out fome Books for hun wliich he conceives 
may be accepcal)Ie. While I was tliere he recommended a Tranlk- 
tion of Religio Medici unto him, wherewith the Emperor was exceed- 
ingly plcaled and (jxike very much of it unto Lamhecius, infomuch 
that Lambecim asked me whether I knew the Author, he being of my 
own name, and wnether he were living: And when he undcrftood 
my near Relation to him, he became more kind and courteous than 
ever, and defired me to fend him tliat Book in the Original Englijh^ 
which he would put into the Emperors Library : and prefentcd 
me with a neat little Latin Book, called Pnnceps in Compendio, writ- 
ten by the Emperors Father, Ferdinandus th^ Third. 

He is alfo skilful in Mufck, compofes well, and delighted much in 
it, both at his Palace and the Church, which makes (o many Mufici- 
znsm rienna ; for no place abounds more with them ; and in the E- 
vening we feldom failed of Muiick in the Streets, and at our Windows: 
And the Emperors delight herein makes the Church-men take the 
greater care to f<^t oiT their Church-Muuck , fcr he goes of- 
ten to Church, and not to one, but divers, efpecially the befl Conven- 
tual Churches : and in his own Chappel fome of his own Compofiti- 
ons are often play VI. He hath alio excellent Mufick in his Palace, 
both Vocal and Inftrumental ; and his private Chappel is well ferved, 
where befides the excellent Mufick, there are always eight or ten 
Counts, Pages to the Emperor, who ferve at the Altar with white wax 
Torches in their hands ; and after the manner of the Iralian Princes, 
divers Eunuchs to fing. 

For his Recreations abroad, he delights much in Hunting, efpecially 
of the wild Boar in due iealons; I have known him bring home fix 
Boars in a morning. Some ilout perfons, particularly count Nicholas 
Serini, would encounter a wild Boar aJcne, but atlaft he unfortu- 
nately periihed by one, which hath made others more wary fmce ; 
and therefore when the Boar is at a Bay, the Huntfmen fo ftand about 
him, that tlie Emperor, or other great perfons, may more fatcly make 
ufe of their Boar-lpcars upon him» 

Surely there are great numbers of them about the Country, for 
they are no unufual or extraordinary Diih in the City, though of a de- 
licious and pleafing tafle. They leed upon Acorns, EeecL-maJi, and 
Chefnuts, upon the Ipring or iprout of Broom, Jumper.^ and Shrubs^ 
and upon the roots o[ Fern, and will range into Corn-fields, and come 
out of Forefts into Vineyards. The Huntfmen are notably verled and 
skilful in that Game ; lor though they lee k not, they will diftm^uilh 
a wild trom a common Swine, and guels whether that which they hunt 


A Defcription of Vienna. 


be Male or Female, old or young, large or fmall, fat or lean ,• and diis 
they chiefly conjedure irom their tread or loot, and the cafliP" t'^ir 
hindleet out ot the track of their forefeet. '^ 

_ The Emperor being fo good a Huntrman,it is the lefs wonder that he 
15 efteemed a good Horfeman. Certain it is, that he hath a very noble 
Stable ot Hortes, procured from all parts, T.ri A Tartar, an, Pdoman 
lranjyLvdman,Saxon,Bohemun,f{iAy,<[arian,N.>ples, (^c. and tliev are wd! 
managed ,• and diey ride them to the fatisfhdrion of the Beholders 

Having leen the ArJe^mUt Venice, the Stores -t C/a/z/v/^, and the 
Naval ProvihcHs at Awjierdam, I am not like to admire anv 
other, elpecially h tar from the Sea, and looked tbr notliincr of tlia't 
nature in this place Notwithltanding [ tound an Arjenal, and place 
tor Naval VelTels to be let out upon occa/lon, and Ibme thereof were 
employed in the lalt Jurkijh war, when they attempted to deilrov the 
Bridge ot Boats which the Turh had made over the Danuie, a little a- 
bove Gran and Barchan. They are built Ibmewhat like G '/kys cafv 
great Guns,and a good number of Souldiers, and w,!l make a tight upon 
the broad deep llream of the Damde^andm^y be handlbmlv brnihE 
into the To^n belnnd one otthe Ballions,wheii the River is1ii -h • and 
hereot there are lome at Rah and Komora as [ have declared elfewhere 

The Emperor hath many Counleilors, ?treat Souldiers and Court'- 
ers about him ; among which thele leeemcd of grcateft Note 

E"fe^nts We.cejlaus Duke de Sa^^an. I.-nce Lobowitz, Prime Coun- 
fellor, HoS-rneirer^ ot tlie Orderoi :iie Golden FieeceU pe^fon ot a 
grave and fober Alpcdt, ibmewhat blunt in converfarion but of a 
generous temper, and tree trom all covetoufnefs, who fpent'hts Reve- 
nues nobly, and unto hi. great reputation : He was chief fivc rite un- 
to the Emperor ; and though Ibme had no great opinion of his Abilities 
yet he wastnehr I that ddcovered the laft Hungarian deiedton S 
revolt, whereby thole Noble Perfons, Count Fet^r Serr.i and Nadadz 
Cvvhom I law at VLma^, were brought unto their ends 

;- ^^^'";^ ^''^'^^^''•^^ Count oi Stakrcnierg, Okr^boff-MarefchaL or 
Lord Marjhal oj the Court. J ■> ^t- 

Johannes Maxtmm^^^^^ OherJlKar.mer^Herr,ox 

Chief of the Ch.m'er, a Perfon ot great efteem. The Gentlemen of 
the Bed-chamber are numerous, and many are m extraordinary ; there 
may be an hundred ot them, aJl B.rons and Con.ts. Every one of 
them wear, a Golden Key before his Breft; and the Grooms of tke bed- 
chamber wear one ot Steel : Two of eacli attend e/ery Nic^ht 
c^O^r^t//'' ^''''''' Dietncljiein, Oier-Sta/Z^MeiJhr, or Chief Majler 

Thefe are the Chief Thefe following are aJfo conilderable 
Count i:/;...^^../^^ OherJh'Jag-MeiJier, Grand Feneur, ox Hunts^ 
M^Jler. a Ferion in good favour with the Emperor, who very much de- 
lights m Hunting, as have moft of his Predece/Tors 

The Count of ^z;...^..g,0^e./?-/r^/^,«.y^/,,y^ Chief Fakoner^x^ho 
nata twelve Falconers under him. 

The Count of Paar, Chiet Mafler of the Emperors Poji 
LeopoUc^ mihelmus. Marquis of Baden, Captain of an hundred 
Ilartjhires who are the Horfe-<iuard, and nde with Pijhls and Cara- 
/■^..outo the City ; but wkiiin /-/.^..they carry Laun^es and 7.- 
velins with broad points. ^ 


A Defcription of Vknu'ci. 

of the Foot-^jurdfiiiL good Perlonu^e.and well eftcemcd ofhy the Em- 
P' rour. 

Si«Kty, or morc,f j_^^T;tor the number, is uncertain, and not limited j 
mod of tlicm Comits and Burom- 

Raynnundii.s, Count de Mont^ruad/^ was !iis Cojcrai Pre/ldcnt of the 
Council of War, Governour of Rjh and the Confines about it, and of 
the Or ^^£r of the Coldcu Fleete ; a tall Perfon, (omcwhat lean, but 
hath a fpirit in his look : he is one of the oldeil Commanders in Ew 
rope, and performed good Service in Poland , I/n^g.iry , Qermayjy 
in many places, an J isclteemed a prudent, valiant,ind iucceftfol Com- 

The C'oiint de Sonciei Mas alio n Cummander of great Fame, and in 
high eftccm with the Emperor. He was a Native of /?c?r/j£\//(^ : he f^rfl 
ferved t\\^ Swedes in the Gernuw wars, and was a Colonel, but upon 
fomc difgull he tbrlook rhc Swedes, and lerved rlie hnpc-rhd/fts, and 
was made Governor of Bnn, the fecond Town in Moravia, f'xzx t!ie 
taking of 6>^'w/;y in Auiln.i, General Torjienfui^ beflf^ged 5//v, anci 
fent word unco the (io\ ernor de Souches, Thiat if he retufed to deliver 
up the Tovvn, he would give him no quarter. Who anluercd him, 
That he would not ask any, and aUbgive none: and defended the 
place withfuch refolution, that after many Allliults, I Jnderr^inmgs.and 
Attempts by Granados, Torjtenfon v\ as forced to rife, aiter a Siege of 
four months, which was fo advantageous unto Aidlna and the Vw/^,^- 
i-/^/ atlairs, that the Emperor took eipecial notice of hi!n, made him 
^ Baron, and of his Pnvy-CoimciL He commanded alio all the For- 
ces in yiemui, and did notable Service in the laft Turk/lh wars. He 
took tiie City oi Nitra^ or N/tr/a, not far from Strigoninm or Gran ; 
and took and flew fix thoufand Turks which were lent by tlie Fizi- 
er of Bud.i ngainll him : a worthy Perfon, and of a good Afpecl:. 
Count Sonches the younger, his Son, an Heroick Commander, is Go- 
vernor, of the rtrong fortified place Leopoldsiadt by Frefia't^^ i^erlbn 
of great Civility, unto whom I was much obliged. 

Count Leih. Nephew unto Count Lefly, who was fent AmbalTador 
to Conjtantinople to the Sultan from the Emperor, is a Commander 
worthy of that cftccm he liath with the Emperor ; a Perlon of great 
Courage, Civility and Humanity, which I muft ever acknow- 

The Courts of the Emprefs, and of the Emprcfs Dowager, are fi!! 


with Perfons of Note ; jlid there are a great number of Soddiers in 
this place of great Fame, as the Marqiiils Pw, Spark, Cop , and manv 
more. Many of the Clergy and Men of Learning,are in good eftecin 
with the Emperor ; but the Tejaites Mochwr and B'.ccaheiLi, are his 
near Favorites. Many Strangers both Souldiers and Scholars, have 
built their Fortunes here. And lurely -Sti^angers of parts and induftry, 
lb they be oi the llon^an Church, arc not like to raife their Fortunes any 
where better than in thefe part5. 

Though the Emperor goes not to war in Perfon, Vet hath he been 
fuccefstiil in his wars, elpecially in the Battel with the Turks at St; Go- 
^/^r/^, where the bufinels washandfomlv and actively managed, to fer 
ut)on the body of the Turks^ which had palled the River P.ah, ISefore 
tne whole Forces ot the Vizier could come over, to' the great 
Slaughter of the Janifanes and lurks , who fought ftoutly,^ anc^ 








-'-■■---' . _ __..'. 


J Defer ipio?i of Vienna. 

were firfl 1 uc to a Retreat by tlic French Cavalry.For at firR the Turks 
fecmed to prevail, and !iad (lain a threat part of two Rcgimenrs of the 

^«Av//jr/i which came out of /"A-rfz/w^/./, and alter their cu Horn had 
cur offthcir Heads. 

But hi. later wars have been flill more fortunate, wherein he hath 
not only relieved /Vijwa/, and taken divers cities from the Turks-, but 
reir.ains ftill xMaftcr of tlie Field in IJuw-r^a y. Among the many no- 
table things in y:enna, the Imperial Library is very remarkable. He 
V, ho Iiath feen the Bodleian Library at (.xford, and the Vatica^t, -ix 
Home, would be much furprized to find iuch a notable onehcre,as may 
compare vvirh tliem ,• elpcciall} upon the extreme Borders of the Learn- 
ed part of Euroj)'. 

The number and nnblenefs of the Books doth much exceed the re- 
ceptacle or place which contains thcm,as making no fair Ihew at the en- 
rrance,and Ibmevvhat wanting light. But as for the number and value ot 
tiie Books, they are of opinion here that ii yidds unto none.but rather 
excels any other Library in Europe. There was a place defigned for 
the building of a ht receptacle tor them ; but, I know not how,^a Thea- 
tre for Comedies is now built in that place. 

It is divided into eight Chambers or Rooms,which are fo well filled, 
that many Books are tain to lie upon the Floor ; and the Shelves (land 
fo clofe, that there is but iufl: room to pafs between them. The Ma- 
nulcripts, fland diftindt from the printed Books,according to their Lan- 
guages, being divided into fix ClalJes, Theological, Juristical, Medical 
Fhdojophical^ Hiitoricd, Fhilological. There can Icarce be a more ad- 
mirable Colledion tlian the Manulcripts in part of the firil Chamber 
of Hehr u; Syr}.!ck, Arahick, Turkijk, Armenian, yEthiopick, and Chi- 
r.eje Books. ' 

It was begun, at lead the Books began to be placed in this recepta- 
cle, by MaMmilian the Firft, but hath been much encreafed bv liic- 
ceejing Emperors, moft of them, fince Rodolphus'C^^Yxi'^ being much 
addidlcd unto Learning, there having been large accellions from many 
noble Libraries, and mod upon the coft of the Emperors The choi- 
ceft Books m t!ie famous Library of Buda, of King Matthias Coruinus 
.•5on unto Huniade%, are now in it. The notable Library of WolfvaZ 
gus Lazius who was Library- Keeper, was brought hither, and 
fiircc thoufand Books ot Johannes Sambucus are now in this Reoofi- 
tory. ^ 

Auger im Busleguius, fometirae Library-Keeper hereof, added much 
unto It ; and in his two Turkilh Embaffies procured a great number of 
noble Cv-f^/^ Manulcnpts at Confl ant maple, which are infcribed with 
his own hand, Aug. de Bufheck. emit Conjhntinopoli. A great manv 
were added from the Library of the Learned Johannes Cufpimanus, 
i^ibrary Keeper, and Councellor unto the Emperor. The notable Li- 
braries and Mathematical Inftruments of Tycho Brake Kepler and 
j;.//^.;.^;.., vvere purchaled for it. But the largeft acceflion was made 
by the noble Library of Count Fug^er, which confifting of fixteen 
thoufand yoIumes,was purchaled by /^^r^/.WtheThird. Many were 
brought, fome itv4 years paft, from the Ambrafian Library by Infpruck 
by the Learned /'fr.w LambectHS , Library-keeper , Hillorioeral 
pher, and Councellor unto the prefent Emperor J who hath alfo an ex- 
cellent Library which is like to be added unto ie Irr,perial. He then 


A Dejjription of Vienna. 

reckoned the Vo!ui-nes in tliis '^vi-iX. IJ rarv to amount ar iealt to 
Fourfcorc thouf-j-d ; .iM by this time tJ:ar may be increafaf, 
lor he adds Ibmc yearly. And the nun-hcr might ahuoll be md^ 
lefs, ifdiey would make ufe of their privilege, for the Emperor 1 at!i 
a riglic to have two Books (^["all chat are pnnted in Ccrmauy, 

They have aJlb a great advantage at A^/>«?/./ to acq-aire good Alum- 

Jcnpts from the Turk}/!: Dominions, for the Emperor is obliged to have 

a Rclident wit!) the Grand *.SVi:A7/^r wherelbever he moves or orders 

him to be; even at the laft fight of St. Godurt, the Emperor's Re- 

lidenr was in the TmkilT: Camp. And w hen I was at L.irip, in 7/;.-/. 

faljM\Q Refident Signor de C^fu Norj^ was inquifitive alter Books to 

be found among the Creeks in Monalleries and other places. And this 

Emperor, like his Father, will fpare no coft toward fuch Acquiries. 

^ By the efpecial favour of my noble Frierd Lambecim^ \ went many 

tiires into tliis Library, and he was fo courteous as to let me have v>hac 

Books I defircduntomy private Lodging: He would Ihew me divers 

Books upon what Subjcd" I required, and offered m.e a fight of what 

Books he thought rare and ellimable ; and am.ongft others I could not 

but take notice of thefe following : 

A Letter of the prefcnt Emperor di Ch'ina, in the Chinefe and tar<* 
tar'uw Languages, unto the prefent Emperor of Gtr^raHy, weaved in 
a verv fine RclL 

Another old ^c-// written in unknown Letterr, vet a little refemHin'^ 
the Creek. ' "^ 

A Bo:)k in the Runkk Language. 

A very fair M^inufcnpt oiPtolomy, with the Maps drawn in Colours. 

The oldejt Marjtifcr/ptznd true ExempLir o'i Livy^'m large Letters, 
without diftindion of Words or Sentences., very uneafic to be read, a 
tlicufand years old, and brought, not many years llnce, from the Library 

V^^IX Lijpriick, 

An old fair Greek Munufcript di Diofcorides^ written eleven hundred 
years fince in very large Lett-, rs, without diftance oHVords.ox Accents^ 
wherein all the PLnts arc lively painted ; alio the Ficlures of Diofco- 
rideSy Galen, Pampbilus-, Cratevas^ and other ancient /Vry//cvrfw5-,bought 
of a Jew at Conji mtmoplc for an hundred Ducat s^\>y Bnshequius. 

A Book oiGeometrkal, fropojir/ons demonflratcd in tlie CJjJm Lan- 

Another fair one in the C/:mi Tongue with P/chres. 

A noble old Greek Mamfcript in great uncial Letters., without flops, 
points, or diflance of words. 

An ancient Greek Mamtfcript of the Book oiCen^fis^ in large Letters., 
without diftance or accents, thirteen hundred years ago; wherem are 
Forty eight Pitlures or Draughts in Miniature or Water-colows., much 
conducing to the knowledge oi ancient Habits., the manner oiFeajimg., 
pcflures at Meals^ waiting of Ser-jants and Mufical Insiruments : Where- 
in I could not but take notice of the Golden Spot upon Jojeph's breaft ; 
and the manner of the Execution oi Pharaoh's haktr^ his head being 
put through a forked piece of \\ ood , and his Hands tyed behind 

A fair Book of ^^Ikrt Durer, wherein are many fine Paintings m 
Miniature or Limning-, as alfo d. Sphere^ and within it ^ Globe carved 
and painted by him. 

U A 




A fair Book o^ Michael ATtgelo^ wherein, befides many rare things in 
Archittilure^ are all the paint ir,p and defigns oi the Belvedere, in lit- 

A fair Alccrjn in Arahkk^ interlined with the Turkijh to explain 


The Bille in the Coptkk^ and Perfian Languages. 

Luther^ ow n Bihle^ marked w^ith his own Hand^ and interlined by 
him with t^ota in many places. 

A fair Greek Manufcript of the l^evo TeflamentfiStttn hundred years 
ago written in Letters o( Goi J upon Purple. 

There was alfo a Afagical Glafs^ohtaincd by the Emperor RoJolphus^ 
whereby to fee Appariti ns^ and converfe with Spirits ; which feme 
conceive to be the lame, or of the like nature with that uied by Kel* 

Of ancient Cr^^yf, Roman^ and Gotbick Medals ar\d Coyns^ In Gold^ 
Stiver^ and Copper^ to the number of fixteen thoufand. Among the 
Copper Coyns they pretend to have two of the Emperor Murcns 0- 

I let fall feme Drops into this Oceart^ adding fome Coyns^ Intaglias^ 
and hfcriptidns not to be found in that large work oiGruterus ; u hich 
having found in the Emperors furthcft Dominions and Turkijh parts» 
longout ofhis podeflion, where there had been no great enquiry af- 
ter them ; were Ihewed unto his Imperial Majefly by Petrns Lamieci-* 
us^ and fo well accepted by him, that he faid I might have the u(e 
of what Books 1 defired : and at my return into England h^ gave mc a 
formal Pafs in Latin for my fafe Travel, and that my Trunks or Goods 
might not be fearched, which takes off a great deal of trouble in pafling 
lb many Pnnci^alites and free Cities^ Commanding all in his own Do- 
minions, and Requefting all Princes in Germany to favour me, and per- 
mit me to pals freely without molcftation : It was thus Subicri- 

Leopold us 

Leopol lus Gulielmus 
Comes in Kimgseggs. 

Ad mandatum Sacr. Caf. 
Majeliatis proprium 









The Rareties of the great Duke of Tufcany^ The Treafure of Loretto^ 
St Marky St. Denis in France^ of the Duke oi Saxony at DrefJen^ and 
others, were very fatisfad:ory to me. Yet having a fair opportunity, 
I would not leave Fienna without a fight of the moll noble Treajury or 
Repofitory of his Imperial Majefly \ elpecially having heard fo much 
thereof, and knowing it to be the Co/Ieilzon of many fucceeding Em- 
perors. 1 therefore took a fit opportunity to remain divers h^urs in ic, 
and was extremely delighted with the rich and magnificent Curiofi- 
ties thereof To fet down all I faw, were a work too large for this 
Volume; and the Catalogue of them, which is kept in this place, 


Bppri wpiwi ii M iimPi .1 ! II- 

A Defcripion of Vienna. 

takes up a large Volume in Folio. I iliall rhcrclore only mention 
thefe fclknving, whereby Ibme conjecture may be made otthc reft. 

In the firll: CuphoarrI or Cufe were many noble VelTcls, turned and 
Ihapecl out of Ivory^ a Cup turned by the Emperors own Hand \ ano- 
ther lurneu by Ferdi^uin-'us the Third. Gallant Capsoi Amber \ Spvom 
and f^'^fffeis ot^ Another of Pearl : many noble works in Cora/; a fine 
Ga//ey in /vorj^ and Caj^s made out o^ RhiAocerois horn. 

in the fecond, 



'■'"■ri -M 


An Elephant of Ivory with a C*////\upon his back, and over the Caflle 
a Ship^ with much other fine work in the fame piece. Two fair 
Pillars of Ivory ; good Bajfa Relievo in Ivory ; a fair Cramum or Death^' 
head^ and much other variety of Ivorj work. A Pitlure in Oj/ot Ga- 
nymede^ by Corregio. 

In the third, 

A fine Pitlure, of an old Mans headm Oyl by Albert Durer : great 
Variety of Watches and Clock-work in Silver : a fine Cent^mr in Sil- 
ver which is a curious Watch. 

In the fourth. 

More Watches and Clock-work ; a gallant Ship of Silver^ a Trium- 
phal Chariot^ a Turk riding and attended, a Globe and a Sphere 
in Silve'\ a curious Landskip in (3;/ by Corregie-^ a C///'/r/ by the fame 
hand, with a line Copy of it. 

In the f^fth, 

A curious Filegrane Handkerchiefs and two fair FiUgrane Plates 
brought out of Spain by the Emprefs Margarita ; an Indian Bas- 
ket of an Indian fort of File- ram mixed with Birds ; a iJj/i^w of -^- 
gate finely wrought with filver Craw-Jijhes in it. 

In the fixth. 

Is contained a ftrange Colleclion of In'agUe and old Roman Stones^ad- 
mirable for their work and largenefs. A large Agate whereon is wrought 
the Hiftory of that Fiilory which Augustus (T^/^r obtained over the 
Dalmatians and Pannonians^in the ninth year of our Lord ; about five in 
dies long, and four broad, highly valued .■ An exad Cut of which is 
here inferted. 

An Omx with the Head of Ale'<andery and Olympia. 

A Shell with a Battel carved in it. 

A Chain with the Heads of all the Aujlrian Family. 

A Dog in a very large Sardonyx. 

In the feventh, 

A noble Head in Oyl by Hans van Ach. The HeadoS. MaximtUa- 
ms the Fixft in VUifter^ with a lock of his own Hair. Mother of Pearl 

U z in 


. 1 





A Defcription of Vienna. 



, I 




Ik.. - 


in many fhapes. Fine Baskets, and the twelve C^e/ar^ Heads. 

In the eight, moft of Try 1?^/, 

A noble FeffeUhovit a yard and half high, made out of one piece of 
CrjflaL An Vrne. The //r^^ of the Emprels. h.ii\x Drarron. The 
//f^^ of the Queen-Mother of France, A Chryjhl'm which^the Pic- 
ture of our Saviour may be feen thrice one way, and once another 

The ninth of Cryftal alfo^ 

A noble Ewer. A fair refe/ of very clear Cr^^fij/^ lately bought. 
A large Heat/. Fair Crojfes, and other Varieties. 

The tenth of C^/^/ and precious Stones. 

Five Crowns. The Imperial Cronn; rich in Jewels, and hath a ve- 
ry large hlew Saphir on the top. A Model of that Crown with which the 
Emperor is crowned, much richer than the Original. A Paragon Dia- 
mond of feventeen Carats and a half Very large Ruizes. A Scepter 
oiVnicorns horn, fet with rich Stones. A Locket of the greareil Dia- 
monds. A magnificent Scepter, Glohe, Crcjs, and Crovcn, which coil 
feven hundred thouland Crowns. An Opal bigger than my hand, as it 
was taken out of the A//;f<?; and many other hir Opals. A verylartre 
Emerald. A Ship in an Emerald, A tair Ring-DiaL ^ 

The eleventh of Gf?///. 

A noble Bafon ufed at t!ie Baptif^ of the Austrian family. Scepters 
Scimeters, Knives, and other rich Prejenti trom the r«r<". Three rich 
Dog-Collars, fent by King C/W/>j the Second with tliree Do^s out of 
England, with this Mark on them 3C OC. A large Jump of pure Gold 
as It was taken out of the Mine, as broad as my hand A fair piece of 
Cold Ore, wherein the pure Gold Jhooteth upon a white Stone Divers 
great Bafons oiGold and Coral. 


In the twelfth, 

-r«rM of 7;//^/^, Agate, Lapis Lazuli, Oriental Gramtes. Cups of 
Onyx, Sardonyx. Large ones of Lapts Nephrittcus : and a great one of 
an Amethyfi. * * 

Tn the thirteenth, 

A large high refel of Bohemian Topaz. Flowers well made o« of 
precious Stones. A Cup of an Hungarian Diamond. A piece of ^w^er- 
grtece as big as a mans head, lent from the Grand Seignwr. A no- 
bJc Jajpis-Jione. A large Stone of ^^^/e on the outfide, and a bed of 
l^vg^ Amethyjls naturally m it in the middle, which is an extraordina- 
ry and plealant Rarety. 



A Defcription of Vienna. 

In tlie reit, 

^Ws .4™x, wcglnng tu o thouland mo hundred D.7,sJ"'f'''' 
land pounds &5/,/*. AC.;, uut <,f iV/.;„,/, Z,wT F ™ "T" 
Rare A/.^,^ ,„ ,>^w. &«*„ and other ..,.r,.', o^of a verwl"; 

fir "t 'r'" r*™- '^ '^'^ «->•■ "™' ij"" or™"/cd L^ kI, ; 

«-/// the .Second ot i>,„, in D,.,m,.W Armour retin--»« , ° 
/>-a«« oi an ././ AU, courting aj»^ r.™, Zh ^I^:!:: " ""' 

ArHum Annulum nk grflato. 

A Knife f\v^illcnvcd by a Peafant near /'r.g«.,which was nine months 
inh.s^A.;^../. and afely cut out 160.. The like hapoeid aifo o . 

perfon in /^;YV"^/^"'^^^'^ ^--^ ^^^•^•^'" hath writTn a p^,'iV; 
7>.<^ under this^De Cultn.oro PruJ/iaco. A fair Cru^l o7.;J 

tlr ' f T "'''^' "^ ^''''''^'"^•- The King ofSu^eden. G.^az^ i 
<Uphus s /?«/.... m which he was k,!Ied at the Battel .klfiZ tJ 

ly s Sword. An An^l mi vary with Hair and Clothes c.f /-^/.^'i^^, of 
0./^, AneatC..c.//vof^Wby ^/^...... Z?,,,, rvvovtyhr"! 

Looking-gL^cs with the />.«;„ of Silver. All the (7./../, written a'd 
painted Many hra'/e ^/./«.V and Pithres every where The / W 
o Carks the hrft King of England, in ./... 2.^}^ A /W/f^of 
/«,^.. over which a a.y.. The f^e.d oiHz. raknus BUhopo Trl 
ers The Piaur.oi St. Cahenne oi Sienna, drawn by 6V.. W Kin 
of f./.W. A Pidure of the Emperor as he gives^^,.^^"; to K 
looked upon through a little round hole. 4 nc^xtTallTT/j^ 
made by the prefent Emprefs Dowager £W A AWo ouf^^r^-^ 
.«. S O-./. almoft a toot long ,• our Saviours Blood; and two /W 
of his Cron,n, the one whiter than the other. Pnejh Gar^^ts com' 
ed all over with large /'.../. Tlie ,reat and high efteemed tte 
r#, between three and iour fpans Diameter with^XRIsS natS 
n It. Unto one applied that of St. Luke, Dico vohl "Z ? li 
tacuerint, Upides cb.mahu,t. ^ ^' ^'^'^ 

^ Unto which magniHcent Rareties there is one more added, t!ie noble 
CW of /'..../ ot e,ght yards long taken trom the (;..#7..l ^ .^d e 
late Hungananwzx ,z^ I underftand (ince my Return 

went unto divers noted Places about Fienna: I walked unto the 
Hill of Pie„na, two £.g/./^ m.l^s diftant from the Town, goin. uMI 

ty, and the Compagnw about it, together with the high Mountains in 




.-.^jLii^ae--i -»- at^^a^^^^mu^-Ji^ 

^m . 


■^f t 



A Defcriptiofi cf Vienna. 

"sHnm^rk covered witirSnow : and in my return ftw the Palace of 
the Emprefs Dowager without the Town, called la Fa-jon^a, and palled 
by the Convent of the /'j«//«/. 

About two Englijl miles Eaftward from Vienna, tliere is a very no- 
ble Garden-place belonging to the Emperor, built by Roddphu* the Se- 
cond which hath been formerly well furniflied, and provided with 
Plant's but now fcems to be negleded, and fomewhat ruinous. It 
confifts of an inward and an outward fquare Garden : The mward 
is two hundred ordmary paces fquare, about the lame bignefs with the 
Place Ro) al at fans : It hath a rortko or CioysJt^r, fupported by Forty 
Pillars of white Stone on each fide, and is covered with Copper ; as are 
alfo the Pavilions which the common people think to be Gold Behdes 
this, there is an handfom row of Buildings well feated,called l^ewg.iban\ 
in which at prefent are many wild Beall-s kept. Lions and Tigres breed 
here, and have young ones. ..ome fay this was the place ot Solyman 
the Magnificent's Tent when he hefieged Vienna. But it is rather the 
FitTure of his Pavilion which was placed on the other fide of the City. 

'rherc is alfo, about two or three miles from Vienna, a noted place 
of Devotion, called Arnols^ much frequented, efpecially in Lent, divers 
carry ipf^ CrofTes very heavy all the way upon their Ihoulders. There 
is here a little Houfe built exadlv after that of the Sepulchre at Jerw 
falem ■ and alfo a handfom Copy of the Pidure of our Saviour and the 
Virgin Alary, with their exacft heights. That of our Saviour is about 
two yards high ; that of the blefled Virgin three or four fingers breadth 
lower : Thefe are taken from the Original in St. Joh't de Lateran at 
Rome. Hither the Emprefs defired to go one morning from her own 
Palace on Foot, out of Devotion, which llie performed, though with a 
great deal of difficulty, Ihe being not ufed to walk, and the way was 
duftv. The Emperor accompanied her and all the Court followed on. 
foor^ which made a handlomc fliew. 

Nearer unto Vienna there is alfo a remarkable place for Devotion, 
called Itzing : and in the way from Vienna unto it, the twelve Stati- 
ons of the Crofs are marked out in imitation of what is obferved near 
Jerufalem, in the Via Crucis, or Dolorofa, in our Saviour's proceeding 
from the City unto Mount Cahary ; the the Figures thereof are print- 
ed, and the feveral paces between every Station fet down. The Empe- 
ror hath a handfom Park near Vienna, called the Brater, wherein I 
beheld the effeds of the great Lightning and Thunder which happen- 
ed three days before, upon many great Trees which were torn, fplit, or 
twilled. There is a Houfe of Pleafure in it, where among other things, 
I could not but take notice of a Mufical Inftrument which I had not 
feen before, a Seat or Cbejldrum ; it hath a Cord like that of a Sea-trum- 
pet, but founds like a Kettle-drum. 

I went alfo unto Laxamhurg, whither the Emperor often retires; 
he hath a Houfe in this place, but it is old, and not large. There is 
alfo a Houfe of Pleafure in the Mote, into which there is no other paf- 
fage but through a higli Cor^idore. Caftle is commodioufly feat- 
ed for the Emperors recreation ; and there is an eight-liquare Houfe in 
the Marfl}, from which the Nobility and the Emprefs Dowager fome- 
times ufed to fhoot, flie being very expert therein Over the Gate of 
the Emperors Houfe hangs a great Rib and Jaw-bone, whereof I 
could get no better account, than they were the Rib and Jaw-bone of 


A Defcription of Vienna. 

a heathen maid. They feemcd to me to be Bones of an Elephant But 
many things that are old or oblcure, they call, in this Country, Hea- 
then .• as Roman Coyns, they call Heathen money. And the Peafints 
brouglit me, in a place which had been formerly an old Roman Station 
part of the bit of a Bridle digged up, which they concluded to be a 
Heathen Key. 

From hence I went unto Mamerfrlorff, fcated not far from the River 
Leyta, where there is a natural hot A'ur/^, called the WiUlelath ■ it ari- 
les under a Church, the Church being built over the Spring-head 
The water of it is but Lukc-warm,and therclore when they de/ire it 

u "^c' ^^^^' ^^^^ ^^' ^"'^ '" ^^^'^^ '" Tubs m a large room From 
that Subltancc which fticks to the fides of the Coppers in the boy 1- 
mg of It, they judge it to be impregnated with Sulpbur, Salt- peter and 
Chalk The water colours the itones.and makes them lo(^k,whcn wet 
hkQhmlu'quoil s. And the vapour of the Bath hanging upon the 
Mofs on tie lidcs, gives it an Amber or Gold colour. Tlie l-hyficians 
of f^ien>iu have given a good aecounr concerning the ufe of'thcle Baths 
m High-utch. Not far from hence is a noted Quarry of Stone out of 
which a great part o^ Vienna is built. The Stones are large and thev 
cut, and Iquare them at the Quarry. 

From hence I proceeded to the New/idler-fea or Lake, fo call«d from 
Newjtdle, which is a Town leated upon the Northern part oi' it con- 
filting of one ftrect and fome back-houfes, and a fmall, Iquare. old Caftle 
upon a Hill, from whence f had a good profpedl: over tiie Lake. It is 
about three German miles broad, and ieven miles long. Tlie faircft 
Lake in thefe parts affording plenty of Fifh ; encompalFed and thickly 
let about with (mall Towns and Villages; and hath no River atleait 
not confiderable, running into or out ot it. A little way from the Gate 
oiNew/idlc they dig out a black cartli, out of which thev make Salt- 
peter. In this Journey, not far from inmburg, we pafll^d bv a place 
called Rauckward, which, though it feems not high, lc\)ks over a great 
part of Aujhja,3.n^ as far as Bnn.thc fecond City o^ Mor.ivia a pare aho 
of the Kingdom ol Bohem/a,^ni\ a part of the Kingdom of //^« ar a I 
went afterwards four Englilh miles up the Stream of the Uambe, to fee 
a noted Quarry of Stone in a Hill called Altenburg. The beds', rows 
or cafes of the Stones lie not horizontally, but rather elevated North- 
ward, about the heiglitof the Angle forty, yet are not always fo re- 
gularly placed, but rather follow the fliape of the Hill, and according 
to that are differently fituated. Here I alfo obferved a Subilance be- 
tween a Clay and a ftone called Lelerjhin, or Liver (I one ; and upon 
many ot thefe Stones I found the figures of Trees and Leaves, though 
not fo deep or neat as upon the Atones by Florence ; yet very pivttily 
marked, and often witli broader Leaves,than I had elfewhere obfer\ ed. 
I pafled forward to Clojler-Neuburi, a Town moft of it belonging to 
that notable rich Monallery fcated here, tbunded by St. Leopoldus 
Marquels of Anjlria, and fince much enriched by fucceedin^f Dona- 
tions. ° 

Matthaus Merian hath a good cut of the Prolped of tlie Danube 
hereabouts, and in what manner it pafles downwards between the 
two great Hills of Kalenberg and Eifnierg. Upon one Peaii of Kalen- 
bregliMt divers CamalduL-nJet, of an Order the moil levere ofany,Ii- 
ving moft upon Roots and Herbs, in the manner of Hermiteu Near 





A Dejcription of Vienna. 

their Cells chcy liad paved the p/ound with thole Stones I mentioned, 
which were naturally marked with the Shapes of Trees and 


After an open Autumn there followed a Iharp Winter at FJenna^ in 
the months of Z^^r^w/fr and Janiur^. The branches of the Panule 
v\ ere foon frozen over. The main Stream, by rca(bn of its fuift Cur- 
rent, held out longer, but was afterwards alfo frozen. Some have 
thought that this River is more apt to freez than others. And we 
read of Battels which have been f ught upon this River frozen ; 
but I could not make any regular Oblervation thereof This hard 
weather, the ground being covered with Snow, afi[()rded handfom Re- 
creations unto men, and fome unto the Ladies, in running Courfes in 
handfom Sleds and Devices upon the Snow. Their Sleds were w-ell 
contrived in the Ihape of Griffins^ Tigers^ Sxvans^ Scallop Shells^ Dol- 
phim^ Pe-icocks^ and the like Curiofities, carved, painted, and gilded. 
The Lady fits in onecf thefe. richly habited in Velvet,lined with rich 
Furrs, fet off with Lace and Jewels, in a Velvet Cap lined with Sables, 
The bled is draw n by a Horfe, drelled up with Feathers ofail colours, 
and Bells hanging about him, a pair of Stags horns behind his head, 
Ribbons and other Ornaments : one or more Pages ride by on Horfe- 
back with Torches in their hands. And after this manner they per- 
form their Courfe upon the frozen Snow about the ftreets o\ P'lcmia^ 
in the night, wath good fpeed one after another. A Gentleman fits 
behind the Lady and guides the Horle. But the Froft breaking up 
put an end to thefe Recreations. The Froft began and ended here the 
fame day that it began and ended in Engla^jd. 

The Feftivity of Chrijimas was oblerved much after the fame Man- 
ner, Ceremonies, and Solemnities, as in Italy. On CkriHmas-day the 
Emperor dined publickly, attended with many Nobles and great Per- 
Ibns, and three remarkable low Dwarfs. Upon St. Stephens day he 
went to the Cathedral of St. Stepken^ind went up to the Altar,kneeled, 
and kiiled the Flate whereon the HoHia had lain, ht the Epiphany 
or Twelfth-tide^ the old cuftom of choofirg King and Queen was ob- 
ferved at Court. Count Le/Zy happened to be King, the Emperor laid 
the Cloth, and the Emprefs filled cut Wine, together with other old 
Cufloms, Fetched perhaps in part from ancienter times, Saturnu'ium 
diehus^ mos Romanis^pr(chere jervis convivium^c ut ipji ojficia ferv:rum 
oh i rent. 

Before Chrijimas there W'as extraordinarv mirth and jollity at the 
Court upon occafion of a Marriage : For Count Serau^ Governor of 
Gratz in Styria, married a natural: Daughter of Philip the Fourth, King 
of 6'/'£7/X which was cbferved with many noble Solemnities and Bra- 
veries. And the Nobility and Ladies were fo fubftantially fp'endid.that 
I was much furprizcd thereat. 

This was followed by a Funeral Solemnity for the Count of Dran^, 
who was Colonel of the Forces in Fienna^ and who had one of the no- 
blefl: Houfcs in the City ; his Corps was brought out oi Italy ^ and in- 
terred in the Dominican Church, where he formerly built a very fair 
Altar ; there w^as raifed for him a Caflrum Doloris^ handfomly contrived 
•x^^i\ fet round with white Wax Torches and Candles. 

While I was in P^tenm, the Emprefs Margarita was delivered of a 
D:tughter, which wasChriftned by the wzvsx^ di Maria^ Antontm^ Joje- 


A Ifefcripion of V'icnna. 

Jo(epha,Rened/cLi,Rolalia,Petrone/ia, but Ihe lived not many montJis. 
When the Emprefs came abroad, Ihe brought the Child to the -iu^^i^ 
Itines Church, where Cardinal Carlo Caraffa^ the Pope's Nuncio, recei- 
ved it, bltlfed ir, and laid it upon riie Altar. 

During my ftav here, the Eledtion was in rendincfs for a King o{ Pa* 
land, alter the voluntary reflgnation of that Crown by King Lafmir -, 
and Couriers often palFcd between that Country and this. There were 
Competitors the Czar o^ Mnjco-jy'^ Son, the Duke o[' Ken/urg^ and the 
Prince of Lorrain, The French moved adhvely for the Duke oi New- 
burg, the Emperor for t!:c Prince o{ Lorrajn, who was then at I'i ma^ 
in great taycur with the Emperor, w ho greatly promoted his intcrcft ; 
a Perfon of great efteem, nnd who it General lidtmir-ki had been li- 
ving, who was his intimate Friend, in all probability might have ob- 
tained the Crow n ; and thereupon it was conceived that he flK;uld 
have married the Emipcror's Sillcr.But the Poles made choice of one of 
their own Country, who was no Competitor, Michael Vi'ijmnvitik? de- 
cealed, who alio married the Sifter of the Emperor. 

When I was here, there were many Amba/fadours ofNorc, DmBal- 
thafar de la Caeva^ Marquifs of MuLgon^ and Erotl:cr to the Viceroy 
of Naples, was Amballador for Spain. Cardinal Carlo Carafa \\ as tl e 
Pope's Nuncio. The P'^enetiai Amballador Extraordinary, folhcitcd for 
alliftance for OW/./, and he obtained the Regiment oi' Porcja under 
Marquis Pio. Count Sanches the younger, wlio was Governor oi Leo- 
p ldjtadt,^r\(\xr\2m noble and valiant Souldiers were preparing for 
rliat Expedition.The T/^r^jgave allurancc of thc^G>-.Wi'''/':;;f/r;r's intenti- 
on to maintain the Peace niviolably ; and requeftcd the fempcrnr not 
to allift. the Fenttians^ox Trui'i\hanfans^ nor to prom.otc, but rather 
hin ier, the Election of the Emperor c^WM'^rcovys Son to the Crown of 
Poland. The liiihop of Eeziers^ fent by tVio. King of Fra>:ce to tlie E- 
ledtion ol'the Kingof Pa/jW, came nor hirlier, but paded through A7-/- 
re^ilfrg, where I lodged at the lame Inn : Thev i^'cre generally herea- 
giinft the French Intereft, and fo wqv^ a grear p^.rt oi the Polilh No- 
bility. All Amballatlor came alfo froni tiie Cham cfYartary^ to ccn- 
rtrm a I'eace, and nfCord mutal Adiftancc upon cccafion. Gha uagi 
A a was rh-e Ambari:idor,who brought a Prclenr 0»f the l-;eft Tartar fin 
Hortes> which are of high elteem tor fwtftriffs, hanilnels, boldncfs in 
pnihng *"rozen Rix^ers, and raking and fwimming over great Streams. 
Me was difmifTed with noble Prelents of Plate. T!te Emperor prclcnt- 
ed the Chaw of Tartary with a fair Silver Bafon and Ewer, and a curi- 
ous Warch ; and lent Prefents Uiito the Chammine !iis Wife ; and aho 
to his Sifter and four !3ror!iers. H.s FollrAvers were ftout men, of 
good ftature. coarl Complexions, w earing long furr'd Vcfts and Cal- 
packs, or furrVl Caps. Some oi them had l.her'Rrng^^ with t!ie fame 
Signature^ of the luikiih Seais.Tliey roeik mucji Tabaco in very lor^g 
Pipes.Their Tabaco i*^ not in Rohs.but in Leaves.^: dry.T!iey went about 
wandring antl gazing ar moft things, as Churches, Hcjufes, Sliops : And 
took much delii;i;t ro IxMn the F.rr, where they would take m.uch 
notice ot'frm 11 trifles Vet tiiefearetlre m'm that make luchfidln- 
curfions into the Eifhrp [rirrs of£T'^.%and c:irrving away fo manv 
thoutands, It 11 rhem r^ i^^j /"^v^fr^nhd fa repair the detect of People in 
Tur-y. And now afk*r rlie CrTifrmnrion ot' men in Cofiii ant motile ^ 
and the Count) v about by hir Ptegue are like to Icaiftue in tlii^ 


A Vefcription of Vienna. 


TradcThopIng to find better Markets lor their Plaoiaries and Dcpretla- 


Tirrc arc divers Greeks, w ho trade to r/r;/».r, and many live in the 
town amoncT wl.ich 1 met with t!iree conlidcrable pcrfons, (."^ne a 
crave Abbot, wlio was forced from Convent b}- the /////■, upon lul- 
pic'on that he correlpcnded with thole of Cuir/u. Anothcr,who went 
by tile name ol Cvtiit.intnnis Catjcuzenos, and was of the Blood Royal 
o{i\\Q C at acuzeni. "The tlurd was 'jcram.n^i Greek Priefl, who had 
travelled throufr,h Italy and Ircuice into E*!^Jun/i, and Irom thence 
throu"h the Lon-CoHHtnes and Geima»\ to/ /f'wj, and intended lor 
CoMJUntinople. He came into EwJm^ to enquire after a young man 
who was in a Ship which was firlt taken b\ an Algenne, and altcr- 
wards by an E>igli!h man of war in the Levant. He was very kindly 
uled m 'En4an(i,^n^ particularly at Cam! ridge. He did a great deal 
cf honour at Fienna, unto the Ert^jijl Nation, declaring that they were 
the mod civil, generous, and learned p.oplc he had met with in all his 
Travels, and that he no where found fo many who could fpeak or un- 
dtifland Greek, or who gave him fo good Intisfadtion in all parts of 
Knowledge : And as a teftimony of his refped and gratitude, requell- 
cd me to cnclole a Greek Letter unto Dr. Eicrf'.n, now Lord Bifliop of 
Cheiter, and Dr. Burrow Mailer of Irnuty LoHege in Camhrul^e. 

M ft men live here plentifully, there being abundance ofall provi- 
fion. Ttiey have great quantity of Corn, which upon Scarcity, by 
the help ot the Damde, might be brought to them from remoter parts. 
The Country aflcrds, luch plenty of wine, that they fend a confidera- 
ble quantity up the River. They iiave alfo rich wines out iiUhmiary 
and Itah, and fuch variety, that there are more than thirty feveral 
fortix of Wine to be fold in fienna. They arc not alfo without good 
Beer. Halsiadr in Aujlrh affords theiii Salt, where they make it 
by letting in water into the holiow parts of a Mountain,wlierc it drinks 
in the Salt of the Eari^h, and is afterwards let out and boiled up. This 
affords great profit to the "Emperor, and therefore the Hun- 
garian isalt is not permitted to be brought higher than Ercjlurg. 
The> have alio plenty of Sheep and Oxen ; but for Oxen at prclent 
they are alfo fupplied from Hnngary, \\or only from the Countries ia 
the Emperors Dominions, but from the Turkifli parts, by permilliori 
of the Cruuel Seignior ; and they arc brought hither by the Eaftcrn Com- 
pany of I'lenna. They eat much wild Boar, whereof the Fat is deli- 
cious, like that of Venfion with us. They want not Hares, Rabbets, 
Partridges, Pheafants. A Foul called Ilajenhemlal, or Gallina Corylo- 
rurn, is much ellecmcd by them, which made me the more wonder 
to meet with foine odd diflies at their Tables ; as Guiny-F/gs^ divers 
ioxtsoi Snails, znA. Tort o/fes. 

The Damhe, and many Rivers which run into it, aflord them plen- 
ty of Fifli, extraordinary C^r/f, Trout s. Tenches^}' ikes. Eels, feveral 
lortsof X^/w/rfyx, and many fiflies finely coloured; the white Filh, 
Crevijes very large ; the beft come out of the River Swechet, not lar 
from l^'iema. Tiiey have alfo that Sublfantial large fifli, called Schei' 
Aen, or Silurus Gejnert, larger than Pike, Salmon, or any of our River 
Fiflies ; but the great Fifnes called JJaujom, or HufoHes, in Johnjlonus^ 
for largenefs exceed all others ; fome being twenty foot long. Some 
tinak tius to be the fame Fiflj wliich /Elian names ArhacetHs, and 

f peaks 

- I 


r' '^/ 

Kulten nut ,'/' ttie Dantihf 


/ . CL.-> Fr 

A Defcription of Vienna. 



,■ ' «'j 

fpeaks largely of the fiihing for them in Hier, I was at the fiihing 
places for Haufom in Schut Ifland, between Prejhurg and Komaru^ 
for they come not ufually higher, efpecially in Ihoais ; and it is much 
that they come fo high, for they are conceived to come out of the 
Euxme-fea^ and fo up the ftream. They eat them both freih and fait-* 
ed ; they tafte moft like Sturgeon, It is a Cartilagineous Filh, confin- 
ing of griflles , and they liave a hollow nervous chord all down 
the back, which being dried fervcs for a whip. When they fiih for 
them they blow a Horn or Trumpet,and know where they go by the 
moving of the water. From Femce tliey are lupplicd with Oyfters,with 
fait Sturgeon^ and fometimes with red Herrings^ and great variety of 
other Fiihes pickled up : as alio with Oranges^ Limom^ and other Fruits. 
Obferving much freedom, mufick, and jollity in the City. I won- 
dered how they could content themfelves without Plays, lor there were 
few while I was there, till the Players came hither out di Saxony ^zn^ a- 
ded here for a time. The Jefuites would fometimes entertain the 
Emperor and Einprefs with a Comedy at their CoIIe^je ^ and I had 
once the favour to be at one when they were prefenr. 

But they have Dancing and Fencing often, and every Holy-day zH^ 
ter dinner, the people flock to fome Inns where there is Dancing in 
the inward Rooms, and Fencing and Playing oi Prizes upon a Stage in 
the Yard ; and at the Windows, or from the Galleries, they behold the 
Fencers playing at feveral Weapons \ and commonly pafs the reft of the 
day in deUghts and merry Company. 

In Treafon and high Crimes they cut off the right Hand of the Ma- 
lefadlor, and his Head immediately after. I faw a Woman beheaded 
fitting in a Chair, the Executioner fir iking off her Head with a Fore- 
blow, flie behaved her felf well, and was accompanied unto the Mar- 
ket place by the Confraternity of the Dead^ who have a charitable 
care of fuch Perfons, and are not of any Religious Order, but Lay-meyi ; 
among whom alfo in this place tliere are many Fraternities and Orders , 
as of theiyi?/y ^/rg/n, of the /yo/y Cra/i.and others. Another perfon 
alfo executed after the fame manner ; as foon as his head tell to the 
ground, while the Body was in the Chair, a man run fpeedily with a 
Pot in his hand, and filling it witii the Blood, yet fpouting out of his 
Neck, he prcfcntly drank it off^ and ran away j and this he did as a 
Remedy againll the Fallmg-Sicknefs, I have read of fome who have 
approved the fame Medicine ; and heard of others who have done the 
like in Germany. And Celjus takes notice, that in his time fome 
Epilcptical perfons did drink the Blood of the Gladiatours, But many 
Phyficians have, in all times, abominated that Medicine. Nor did I 
Hay afterwards fo long as to know the efled: thercof,as to the intended 
cure. But mofl men looked upon it as of great uncertainty : and of 
all men the Jews, who fufier no Blood to come into their Lips, muft 
moft diflike it. 

At Pnjhurg they have a flrange uay of Execution, ftilt ufed at 
Metz^ and fome other places, by a Maid, or Engine like a Maid finely 
drtfled up with her hands before her. The Malefador lalutes her 
firft, and then retires. But at his fecond falute foe opens her hands 
and cuts his Heart in funder. 

Though tlie Winter was Iharp, yet the advantage of Stoves, and ly- 
ing between two Feather-beds made it tolerable : For they uic Stoves 

X z here 




A Defcription of Vienna. 


here as in other parts of Germany^ where they lodge and eat in Sto\'es ; 
and great Perlons have Stoves m the Church, or fuch as look into the 
Church. There are Stoves alfo in the publick Schools wliere Lcdlures 
are read. And this way of lying between two Feather-beds, with a 
neat laced iheet fpread over, is more convenient in a cold Country, 
than moft othors they make ule of. For in the common Inns in Ger^ 
many they generally flcep upon Straw, and alfo in Hungary almofl eve- 
ry where ; and more Eallerly upon the ground, Ipreading a Carpet or 
Saddle-cloth under them : and more Northerly they content them- 
felves with the Skins of Beafts, Bears^ Elks^ or the like ; upon which 
they flecp in the night. Thofe that fleep lovvcft are cooleft in a Stove ; 
thofe that lie upon Tables, Benches, or higher, are more expofcd to 
the hcat.TheCitizens oiFien^a arc well attired,and ule Furs very much 
The Women wear a high Velvet Bonnet, lined or faced therewith. 
The Place fccmcd to be healthful ; but they fpeak much of the CoUca 
Anstnaca^zs an Endemical and Local Difeafe,very hardly yielding unto 
good Medicines. They fpeak good German at the Court and in the Ci- 
ty ; but theCommon & Country people feemed to fpeak grumbfin<^Iv, 
and tcfides their accent, have divers words different from other parts. 

They have a Cuftom upon St^Nkholas-day to putfome fmall Gilt into 
the Childrens Ihooes ; among other things tlicy put in Medals and Dol- 
lars made of paper and flour,gilded and filvered over, yet fcarce worth 
a penny. They lell Trochies or laiUts in the markets, made of the 
pulp of the Fruit oi Hip-hriar, made Iharp with Spint of Sulphur^ 
very refrefhing. Some carry about them a Thunder-tloiie as a defence 
againft Thunder : and they rub their Childrens Gums with a Wolfs 
tuoth inflead ot CoraL 

When I WIS at Venice^ in the time of the Carnrual^ I obferved many 
Recreations and Shews, as Rope-dancing, Hying down the Rope, cur- 
ing oti Bulls-necks with Swords,and many other. But atFienffj a nota- 
ble trick which I law there, pleafed me much; A man of a middle Sta- 
ture laid down upon his back, and a heavy Anvil \\ as placed upon his 
Breaft, as much as two men could well Hft, then two other men 
with great Hammers laid on, until they had given almoll: an hurr 
dred blows, and cut in funder a great Horfhooe of iron, about half an 
inch thick. ^ 

Here is no Chriilian Religion publickly permitted but the Ro- 
njan^ and therefore thofe of the ProteJ}an\ and ReformeA ReL<T}onzrt 
famtorefcrt to Prejhurg^ Forty miles off for which they hav'e Ibme 
convenience by the Danube , and a Coach which goes every day. 
In the time of Maximilian the Second, they were permitted the Ex- 
ercife of their Religion in the Church of the Holy Crofs, in the C;i- 
ty o{ Vienncu But afterwards were prohibited by Rodolphus the Se- 
cond. The Emperor Matthias gave them pcrmillion to meet at Her- 
naL^ a little more than an Englijh mile from Vienna ; and gave leave 
to their Mimjlers to come into the City, and there to chrijlr:n^ mar- 
ry,haptize^znd vifit the fick.From which time they encrealed very much, 
till t er (I inand ih.^ Second, returning from the Battel of Frague^ ba- 
nilhed their Minister from Vienna^ and Arnolds, ; lent the freyherr 
Jorger, to whom the Caftle of Arnolds belonged, Priloner unto Lintz ; 
and never gave over till he had taken away their Privileges and Free- 
dom ot meeting pubUckly in any part oi lower Aujlruu 


t t 

A Defcription 0/ Vienna 


But here are no Imall number vX'jcks, who ha\T a diftind Habita- 
tion alligncd them o\ er the Water. T!iey have alfo a Street alJou cj 
them in the City for the day time, but they muft all depart at nisiht be- 
yond the River into the Suburbs. 

They are much dillafted by the Citizens and Tradefincn and the 
Scholars agree but ill with them. While I was at rnnna there was a 
quarrel between them to an higli degree. For the Scholars alfaulted 
rhe Jem Town, beat, wounded, and threw divers of tlicm into the Ri- 
ver. Divers Scholars were wounded, feme killed, ajid alfo lome Soul- 
diers, who were commanded cut to compofe the Fray .• and the Tews 
Town was f^uarded many days by the Sonldiers of the City This 
begot fuch ill Blood, and Complaints, that a good numbe'rof the 
Jem were to be baniihed at a certain day. The Jem, to ingratiate 
with the Emprefs, then with Child, prefcnted her with a noble .SV/id-r 
Cradle^m. ihe would not receive it; and there was great danger of the 
general banilhmenr of them when I Idi: thatCity,which was aftcruardi 
effcdred, they being feverely prohibited from living, not only at Vien- 
na^ but in any part ot Aiijhta^ where there were formerly whole Vil- 
lages of them, fo as they were forced to betake themlelvcs into the Do- 
minions ot the THrk,Mmo Fenke^mto Poland o^nd Bohemia. They being 
not permitted to dwell in the Neighbour Countries o{ flimaary {^hsA 
to the Emperor, Styria, or Cannthh. But manv of them went to Budu 
and were befiegedthere in the year i684.and becoming oblUnate haters 
of the Germans.xhcy affifted the Turks with their Purlcs and with v\ hat 
slfe they were able to maintain rhe Town agaiqft the Imperial Forces 

I muft confefs they feemed ufeful to /7e;;;M tor ready accommodati- 
on of any thing, either by fale or exchange, but the people looked 
with an ill eye upon them, as taking away much of tlieir Trade and 
Employment. They alfo looked upon them as ufelefs to them in war 
for the defence ot the place as Souldicrs ; and were not without (bmc 

, . .. ' . „ . -----^^ .umiuiin^, ajju ac- 

commodating ot their Companies. And dining one day with a 
Commander at a Jews Houfe,amongft other Difccurfe, I asked th-^ Jew 
concerning the ten Jrihes, and where they were .^ He laid they were 
^ar off in Afia, h yond a great Lake which was continually Jlarmy^ un I 
fcarce palfalle, hut upon their Sahliath-day^ upon which days the 'jews 
do not wdlin<ily travel. 

I have ieen their Circumcifion at Ro^r.e, Padua, and other part?. 
Their Fhyficians, ordinarily profefs great skill in Z/rnies ; and rhe com- 
mon peopl- retort unto them rather than unto Christians, and arc fo 
credulous, and have fuch an opinion of them, that they m.ight be made 
to believe they have tome old Receipts of King Solomon. 

There are many Jews in ft ay, yet they teem to me to be in greater 
numbers in Germany. In Amsterdam they are alio grown very nu- 
merous. At Franckjitrt they told me there were feven thoufand of 
them, which teemed tcarce credible. At Colen they are in great num- 
bers : at Hamburg not a tew. But the greatetfl number lurely is in 


Though they be pe"V.mitted in many Countries, vet divers Chriflian 
Princes and States have alligned them fome mark m their Habits^ 





-ti.^. ■/. "-.'si^l ■"' 

^ :. 


A Defcription of Vienna. 

to dillinguHh them. In Avignon their Hats arcye/low. In Italy their 
//ats are covered over with faff ate. In Germany they wear Ruffs and 
Goxcns with great Capes. In Holland I obferved no diftindtion. But 
the Jews there, moll of them having come out of Portuial^ there may 
be fome fufpicion of them from their complexion. 

Laflly, when I confider the old ftrength of Vienna, confiding in 
an old u>j//and a deep D/7t-/.', I cannot much wonder that Matthias 
Cor-jinus, King of Hungary^ took this City. And I muft afcribe it, 
under God, unto the fingular valour and rcfolution of the Defendants, 
that Solyman the Magnificent, with two hundred thoufand men, was 
not able to take it, and though he made large breaches, could never 
enter it, but loft fome thoufands at an AlFaulr, and departed at lafl 
with the lofs of a great part of his Army. But this place is now in a 
far better condition ftrongly fortified , and able to refift the greateft 
Forces of Turky. The hufes are cleared from the wall ; and yet for 
better fecurity, when I was there, Count Souches advifed the Emperor 
to pull down part of the Suturk upon the other fide of the neareft 
l)ranch of the Danuh, left the Turks might take advantage to play up- 
on the two Eailions on that fide. 

It would be a fad lofs for Cknjlendom, if this place were in the 
hands of the 7«r/(-; and no man knows where he would reft. If he 
fliould begin with this place, and take it, the ftrong holds oi Rab, Ko- 
/>;j/j,and LeopoUila4t would want their fupport,and foon fall into his 
Pofreffion J and if he were Lord oiAujinafi great part o{ Germany would 
lie bare unto him : and probably it would not be long before he vifi- 
ted Italy, into which Country he would then find many wavs. Yet 
xhis hath fincc been attempted, with great force, and violence ; when 
in the year one thoufand fix hundred and eighty three.The Grand Seig. 
nior fent Kara Mnflapha Bafa, with an army of an hundred and four- 
fcore thoufand men into Aujlna, who befieged, afTaulted, and ftor- 
med tins place for two months together, till fuch time as the Chrifti- 
an Army came dou n and relieved it. For the Garrilon under the 
Command ot Count Stahremherg having behaved thcmfelvcs moft cou- 
rageoudy, and dayly Ihown much valour and Bravery, in luch Ibrt 
that before the Seventh of September they had deftroyed fifty thou- 
land of the Turks ; The King of Poland, the Eledor of Saxony, the 
tledtor ot, came five days after, all at the head of their own 
forces. The Duke of LouiJn:-, the Duke oi'SaxenLawenbKrg, the two 
Marquifles of Baden, the Prmcc de Cray, and the Emperors Generals, 
and Colonels, Caprara, LeJIye, Rahhata, Dunwald, Pafy, Baron Mercy, 
Hahveil, Diepe^Hhal, and others. And thus united, totally routed the 
Z«i//*army,and made the Grand Fizier, Kara Mu/fapha,Ry before 
them and leave all Iiis provifioi, Ammunition and Riches behind him, 
having nothing left him, but a fad repentance for his raih attempt 
and time to confider how little he u as like to be beholden to thofe who 
employed him, wilhing to himfelf, no doubt, by this time that the 
Ottoman family had never come to thisgreatnefs as to be able to com- 
mand him, and fo many thouland more to run their heads, to no 
purpofe, againft the ftrong walls o^Beatch. And would then have been 
well latished, that old Ertrgrul, and Dun/er had all along continued 
Miepherds in the Eaft. Like many of thir family before ihem ra- 
ther than ever to have attempted to march Weft-ward, or that Baja- 

* . . 

A Defcripricn c/ Vienna. 


zefs hawk had never flown crofs the HclJeJpo>/t, to dilcovev Ccuntncs 
that muft tlius prove burial places to the M^J/^/mm. Ho\ve\er to 
Beli^r.ule he was tbrccd to fly, and there, for all his pain^and labour, 
dye by the lofs of his head, which he yielded qidetly to an Jq^ of 
the Jjn/Jjr/es^ fent on purpofe to receive it. Only with this innma- 
tion,Tbiat tlie Si^lt^?i had promifed him otherwife. Thole at rienna^ 
in the mean time, giving God thanks, rejoycing, triumphing, and 
coyning Medals in memor\' of their deliverance, two of which, of 
Gold, I have here inlerted. 

The firft hath on the obverfe the head of the prcfent Emperor Lec- 
pnUui encompalFcd and lupported with arms,and Trophies ; with this 
Inlcription ■ 

Imp. Cxjlir, Leopold . t. F^ F, Auguf P. P. 
Impcrator Cccjar Ltvpoldtu Pr}mm Puis Fxlfx Augujfus Pater Patrhc. 

And on the rcverfc an Arm coming out of a Cloud, over the City 
of r/^«;;«', which fupports the Imperial Crown, Sword, Scepctr, and 
Globe with this Inlcription ^ 

Confilio et ImhiHrta, \ 

'' • 

The ScCv^nd Medal hath high Dutch Infcriptions. On the obverfe 
che S'ji^^ of Vknm^ with this about it ; 

This is the Finger of Cod. i 

And en the rcverfc this Infcription ; 

The Turk} fh pride which Hreightned Vienna^ from the fourteenth of 
July, to the twelfth of Si^ipti^mhtTj 1685. was that Jay totally defiroy^^ 
ed hy the hand of the Lord 

To thefe, I have alfo added a noble Gold Medal of the Emperor 
Ferdinand the fecond. Thefe are all delineated bigger than they real- 
ly are, that tliey migh.t appear the more plainly ; yet this I::ft weighs' 
above fixtcen GumncySy and is no ordinary Piece, 



% .' .," 



A Jouvjiey from Vienna to Hamburg. 







I N 


i A M B U R G. 

Aking a farcwel of the Imperial City of l^ienna^ I or- 
dered my J urney for Frjigue in Bokemu^ which is 
ulually fix d^ys Journey by Coach in the Summer 
and eight in chc Winter, I went over the great 
Bridge of/'/ftf;?j,upon the large Stream ohh^Danuhe^ 
palling by the ChjppeloiSt, Bridget, oi an eight' 
(quare Figure. Tliis Bridge is a very great and ma% 
work lupported by many high Trees dindTimkr^ and hath between 
two and three tliouland trees laid upon it croIs,or fide by fide,from one 
fide of the Bridge to the other, tor the palfage over it after the German 
manner of making Bridges. At Ratuhone there is' a handlbme Stone- 
■ bridge over the Danube^ nd between that place and Vienm, divers of 
Wacd'^xit from Fienna to Belgrade I obfervcd none but what were made 
with Boats* 

Having pafll'd the River^ I entred into the TranfDanuhian Aujiria^ 
or that part of Aulhia which lies between the Danube ^n^ the Rh 
ver Theya, and €amc unto Comenburg, a pretty Town, about uhich 
place the Emperor u:)ften hunts; it is near the HAl Bifneberg^ which 
is oppofite unto Kalenberg, The Sweden advanced tar when they 
took tins place in the laft wars, and held it fo well, that they were not 
eafily forced out of it. From thence I came to Stockerau^ near the 
m ^uch of the River AWv, where it runs into the Da ube, A place 
much noted tor the death ot ^i. Colman, a Scotch Sai. t, highly honour- 
ed in tlKle parts. \xim thence to Gunterldorjf\ fo to Colnedorffox KoU 
d-.rij\ which although It be on tlic South of the River Ti.eya^ is ac- 
counted the foil ydi^^gc oi Moraz'iazniii then came unto Znaim. 




In all this part of W/(/?r/.7, which extends a great length on the 
N;)rth I'lcle of the Damde, conceived to have been ancient!)- inhabited 
by the Marcvr^um/i and Cifjrt^,tl-.crc arc Icu' or no Tutv>js q\ ii>ittiiHit\\ 
Urqeyie'i's^ or mti: ; tor the I'omuns made their Stations and Colonies 
upon the South.- fide of the Dunuhe ; but the Country is lull of Vil- , 
Ini^es, and populous. One of tlie chiefcll Towns is Cremhs, whicli 
lome call Cremona ^ajirhe, wliich I law as 1 caoTe down tlie Damk. 
A great part of this Country was notably harraired and plundered by 
the Swedes. Tlic Soyl is Iigiit and eafie to be plouglied. 

Z^wm is a handiomc place, w itii many Tainte J Houles in it, and ac- ^"•«>"- 
Gounted the fourth ch'vtiTant in Mahren.ov Moravia; (Olmutz,BiHft^ 
and IgUv being the other three) this place is famous tor the death 
of tlie*Eraperor 5.;5//«;<^/ It is Hated by tlie River Z/.ryj, which 
divides Moravia from Aajtru and running at laft into tiie River ALiick., 
affords accommodation of paiLgc into the Damle. ^ 

From tlience w e palled by Vlverskuke-', Fauutz, and Moravian jj^^^^^ 

Badiveilp, to Zimiiuv.v, and by Byrmfz came to Z^/./.or I^Liu, upon the 

River I<ila, winch at laft runs into the great River MarcK^ a very plca- 

lant place, leated upon a Hill, on the frontiers of Bohemia. It is 

well torcified a la wcdcrna, upon one fide, and hath one ot the largcft 

Fiazzai that I have icen. 

yf-/^;A-jw'j, is a pleafant and fruitful Country afi)rdlng plenty oFne- 

ccflaries for life ; t!ie people are plain dealing, ftout, and make ,good 
Souldiers. It is commodlouHy turnilhcd with Rivtrs, the grcateil: 
w hereof is tiie ^/:;/d or J/^/a-, which arifeg in the Northern part 
thereof, runs quite through the CountiA', and enters the D^nax by 
Teb-n not far from Frefouig. The other confiderable Streams are the 
T>:eya or Thaija, the Sn-arta, the Scl.witta,Vi\\ich. run into tlie Marck. 
In the laft Jurk/lh wars tiie Tartan having pafTcd the Wag in Huy,g.'.* 
ria, made incurfions into Moravia, aud earned a\\ ay Ibme thculimds 
of the Inhabitants. ; ; _ 

Leaving IgLi, uce foon came into 5fl/'t'w/'.7,hrft coming into tjtcck- 
«?», then to TeutLl'iH Broda by the River 6\7c2.'/j,formerly a ftrong place 
taken by Zij'ca, the iamous Boh mian General, u ho then forced the 
Emperor ^Vi^///?»W to fly out of L',/.'mij by the way of/y./.^ l-rom 
thence wc came to Habeme, and lo to Jamkaxv : At this place, upon 
the i4rb o\' Felruary, 1641. was tcught that memorable Battel be- 
tween theSivedj<, commanded by Ltciard Tor^loijoa, and the Impe- 
riahjis under Count HatzjieU, Goeu, snd other Co,r,ma>uLry. The 
Impcrialijis had the better at firft ; but falling upon the Enemies Bag- 
gage and being two greedy of Booty, they were defeated, three 
thouiand (lain, lour thouiand taken pnioners with their General Hutz- 
field, and llx or leven Colonels. The luccels hereof gave tlic Sxvcdei 
adva'ntage to proceed turtlier , aud into SiLjta and Ausrna. In 
^ns Tou n ir.eetirg with a Gentleman w ho came Irom Scbaclitz^ 
which IS not far from tlie Ihjgsburg. ov MjuntaiH oj G\a ts, about the 
Head of the River E:l>e, I enquired of him concerning the Ipnt Ri- 
henlal, which i. laid t^ Inleli tliat Country, but he could lay no- 
thin- tliereinoflus own knowledge; and though he was confident 
that"tbere was luch a Sp'rif , yet he eonfcfled that ior twelve years 
it had done no hurt. In ilills^ Mom ai^s, and places ot Mine, men 
reports are ordinary. It i> reported tliat a .Spuit liaunts the Silver 




J *i 


Mines of Brunfwick : and another to be in the Tmn Mine ot' S.'acken. 
walde in this Country of Bohemia, and to walk in the fl^apeofa M^ik, 
who ftrikes the Al/»ers, fings and plays on the B^g-p/^es, and doth 
many fuch Tricks. And Agr'cda in the latter end ct his Sixth Book 
• De re M tallica, gi'. es this tor one reafon why Mines, or Pajjaies in 
Mines, are given over. 

From Junikaw I travelled to Cza/law, a good Town, and the chiefefl 
in the C:iaJljKer Circle : In this place they fay that Zijca uas buried, 
that famous Bohetnian General ; he loft one Eye by an Arrow, and was 
at length blind of both,yet gave not over the war, and proved fuccefs- 
iul in it. He wilhed his Friends to make a Drum of his Skin, which 
ftiould ferve to fright au ay their Enemies. And though he cared not 
for any Sepulchral Monument, yet he had one in this place. 

From Czaflaw we came to Guttenberg, or Cottenberg, about eight 
Bohemian miles from Prague, every mile being five or fix Englilh 
miles. A large Town, and much frequented, not far from the River 
Albis or EUe, of efpecial note for the Siher Mines about it : The 
Hills near it are not high, and confequently the Mines are not fo 
deep as thofe of Hungary, and fome others in Germany ; yet lome are 
above leventy or eighty Fathoms. They have wrought' at thefe Miy^es 
ieven hundred years, and there are about thirty of them. I went 
down into that which was firft digged, but afterwards left for a iontr 
time, but they work there now again, it is called the Cotn.i, or Auf- 
tier Cotten,upon the Cotten, or Coat-hdl • and as the Story goes' a 
Monk walking over this Hill found a kind oiz Silver Tree ftickine to 
Ins Garment, which was the occafion that they afterwards digaed and 
built thele Mines, and the place retains the name o{ Cottenber^° 

The Mine into which I defcended near the Town, is but^^ninetcen 
/-^//■<7m deep J the chief /W« of xhtOre runs South, and is about 
a foot in breadth : the Ore holds or contains in it Siher and Con- 
fer, fo that out of an hundred pound weight oi Ore, they ordinarily 
get an Ounce of Silver, and eight, nine, or ten ounces or m re of 
Copper, even to pounds, but it is not well known, for the Co'^per-Korks 
are the Emperors. The Vndertakers get out what Silver 'they can 
and afterwards fell the Ore, unto the Empero, s Officers ; but fome o/e 
IS fo rich as to contain eight or nine ounces o'i Silver. A blew Earth 
which they meet with m digging, afJbrds the beft hopes oiOre. Two 
nien lately perifhed in this Mme, having made a fire in it, being either 
choaked with the fmoak, or, as they thought, by the i mlonous ex- 
halations forced out of the Minerals by the fire. I have read that 
Libu£a the Pnncefs, and reputed Sorcerefs o{ Bohemia, foretold man\r 
things concerning thefe Mines ■ but certain it is, that for the advan- 
tage and profit thefe bring, the Town hath fufiered much in many 
wars. The Emperor Sigifmmd made haft out of it upon the ap- 
proach of Zz/r^, and feeing he could not hold it,burntthe Town -but 
It was foon rebuilt and poHdIed by Zifca, wlwle party called it the 
iurjeof Antichriji. "^ 

-Lt^ivmg Cottenberg, I came to Coffhe and to Bohemian Broda, h 
named to diftuguifh it from Dutch or Teutonick Broria before menti- 
oned, a confiderable good Town, and from thence came to Praz or 
Prague, the Capital and Royal City of the Kingdom oi Bohemia. The 
fValls of this City leem to enclofe the greatelt Circuit of ground of 


A Journey from Vienna tc Hamburg. 


any I have feen in (7f'rw^'KV but the H;!ts and void fpnces within it 
take up a large Trad:,and tlicrein it is like the City of Lyon in Fra>ice • 
it is feated upi)n the River z^/^//'/-/:/, by the Bohemians Vi'xmt^A Tjltaue^ a 
large rapid Ri\'er, arifing in the Soutli part di Bohemiji^ and before it 
arrives at Pra<rue^ receives the River Sarfua and the Watta into it : 
and Northward of Prague the River Egra^ and jovns with the 

This great place confids of three Towns, named the OIJ, the A>:r, 
and the Kleine Seitten^ or k([er Town, Th.e oU Town lies upon the 
Eaft of the River Mul^ati^'v\v^x\^ populous, full of Building*^, private 
and publick. Very confiderable in this part is alfo the Univerlity,where- 
in are great numbers of Students and Scholars, there being but one 
Univerfityin Bohemia-^ many pcrl^)ns alfo reforting thither from o- 
ther Countries. It is fcarce credible what is reported of the num- 
ber of Scholars in Fr.Tiuc in former Ages, as hath been delivered by 
divers Authors. And Lewis Ah May^ Councellor unto the Duke 
of Wirter^turg^ affirms, That there are at prefent fcarce fo manv 
Students in all Germany^ as tliere were at Prague in the year r jcp. 
when they reckoned above Forty thouiand under t'ae Rcdorjlip of 
John Huh, Charles the Fourth Emperor, and King of Bol^rnu. 
founded the Vniverfity of Prague, giving equal privileges to the 
Bohemians^ Polanders^ and G~rmans : and when he would retrencli 
his favours towards Strangers, there went out of t!ie Town in a 
weeks time twenty four thoufand Scholars, and a little after, fixreen 
thoufand, whereby we may judge th.cre were more Scholars in Fra- 
g'te than oi'^'^^r perfons in fome great C:ti s. Th.cre are alfo in t!iis 
oU Towrt ^\Mtx%CQlL\^es and Clo\]iers. The Jefuites have a fair hand- 
fom College' ^vx^tir untotlie Bnrfje, but the BuiUi;g\' of the dJ Toint 
are inferiour to thofe ot the le'J'cr lonv;. 

The ;;fri> /(?"•;/ is large, and together with thiC Ri\-cr, encompafles 
the o/J, and is divided h*om it by a large French or D/\-h, into v\ hich 
they can let in th^e River. The lr//h have a Cl-nller o\ I ranofcans 
near unto an old Tower \x\ the f/1/// oftiie ohl Town. The jjitites 
have alio begun ^ large Cluvjrer, which, if finilhcd according to its 
beginning andd^'fign, will be very fpacious and noble. They are 
now making BaHions ihovx the T'own at one end thereof; there is air 
fo a C//^^/^/, but not fimlhed, at Wiiferaht, or IJlffcgra-^e^ former!^ The Pnncefs 
the Seat of the Princes of Bohemia, and alio of the tamcus" Princeis ^''^''-^-^•'* 
LibulTa, t!ie Daughter o^ Crocus^ and Wife unto Primi^aus, 

The Kleme Settten, or hifer Prjjgue. far exceeds the other for plea- 
fantnef>i and beauty of Buildings and fair Palaces. Tliis part lies 
Welhvard of the River MuUau, which between.this and the oUTnwn-y 
is pallable by a ilrong Stoiie'hr'cfg"^ confiding of fixtecn great Arches, 
being about Seventeen hundred loot long and Thirty five foot broad, 
and two open Gates under two high Towers of Stone at each end. 
A great part of this Tovvn lies high, and upon the Hill ftands Firat- 
fchin or 7Jpper Prague, and a Houfe of the Emperors,befides 
a Magnificent Palace of the Emperors, as King of Boher^ia ; and by 
it a fair Cathedral Church dedicated to St. /'';>, firil: built by St. fff«- 
ceflaus^XyukQoi Bohemia^ 9i^. from whence the Town and River is 
beft viewed. In this Church arc divers old Monuments for great Per* 
fons ; as for Pogiebrackius^ a Bohemian Mng, H^enc flaus Rodo/phus t4ie 

Y ^ Second^ 




-tali I i 1 



A Journey from Vienna to Hamburg. 

Second, Charles the Fourth, Ladt(l,,tu^ Maximilian the Second, and 
other Arch' Dukes and Emperors, There arc alfo many Houfes of the 
Nobilitj in this part of the City. The Palace.a^ d Garden oiColare- 
do is exceeding neat, though fmall. But I was moli plcafed with the 
Palace of Count IVallenJleyn^ Dul.c oi FnedLmd^ General unto the Em- 
peror Ferdinand the Second, who being lulpeclcd to Ufurp that King- 
dom, was afterwards killed at E^ra. This Palace was built upon the 
Ruins of an hundred Houfes, purpofcly plucked down to make room 
for it ; wherein the Hall is large, the Garden handlbm ; upon one fide 
whereof there is a i>!ace to manage Horle.s,and near unto itaFUh-pond : 
in another part there is a noble Aviary with a Garden and Trees in it, 
after the manner of the Aviary of Prince Doria at G€?wa^\\\\\c\\ is eight- 
paces long, and eig itccn broad. The Stable is large, and w orih the 
lecing, where. n there is a A-Lrhle Pillax between each Horle, and for e- 
very Horfe there is placed in a niche of the Wall a Rack ot Steel, and 
Manger of Marble, and o\'cr his Head hangs a Picture of the Horfe, 
as big as the Life, with hisNim^ under it. Among the rell, I obfcrved 
that a Bay-hor(e had for his Name Mj^te d'Oro^alMs.rQ.Btfla don»a,ano^ 
t!icr EJpaQ:^iio!etta,ix\d his mod beloved Horfe was named Mas Queridc. 

5ome have thought that the bed highCerr^an h fpoken in this part 
of Prague ; and tl>ere living fo many of the Nobility and great Per- 
fon5,it is not to be wondred at,thac their Language is better than ordina- 
ry. But the common Language of jS^/'cr/z/j: is a Duled: of the 6'c/j. 
vonian^ though very many Ipeak alfo High dutch^ as we tound in all 
our pallage through that Country. Kom^gjmark being with his For- 
ces on theFrontiersof 5(?/^if»7/j, a difcontented Colonel of the Impe- 
rialijis^ came unto him, making it probable that he might furprize 
Hratfcbin^ and the leller Tide ot F r ague ;.\\i\Q\i he fuddainly attempted, 
and fo fuccelsfully, that he lurpnzed many Officers, and old Cola- 
redo in his Bed, getting h great a Booty, that he could Icarce carry it 

A Part of -Fr^gi^^ is inhabited by Jews, and called the Jew^ Town ; 
there are no fmall number of them, and many rich, as trading in all 
Commodities, and have good skill in Jewels, and feveral Ibrts of Stones 
digged out of the Mi.'es in Bohemia : I bought fome Boh mian Topazes 
. ot them, neatly cut and well- figured, and lome which were very lar^^e 
and clear, were at the rate of feven or eight Dollars. During my 
Hay here, I had a great defire to have iaiuted Johannes Marcus Marci^ 
a famous Phyfician and Philofopher o{Frague^ix\di alfo to have indu- 
ced him to a Correfpondence with the Royal Societyy but I underftood 
that he had left this World, to the great grief of Lea'^rned Men in thcle 
and other parts." 

Many here do fpeak flill o^John Hufs^ and Jerome oi Prague, and I 
have feen Silver Medals of them. They were furely very notable 
men ; and I fliall only fet down what A::neas Sylvius, or Pope Fius the 
Second laid of them. Johannes atate major C^ authoritatey do^lrina 
(^ facundu fupericr Iliero ymus, pertulerunt ambo consianti animo ne- 
cem, (S quafi ad Epulum invitati^ad /ncendium properarunt, nulUm emit- 
tentes vocem qu^e mijeri animi pojfet fore indcium: ubi ardere cepe- 
runt, hym^um cecinere quern vix Jlamma & fragor ignis inter cipere pa- 
tuit^ nemo Philofophor urn tarn forti animo mo tern pertalilfc tradituf 
qnam ijii incenditm. In HijL Bohemica. John was ot greater years 



A Jo7miey from Vienna to Hamburg. 

and authority, Jerome of more Eloquence and Learning : both of t.em 
endured their Death u ith great conllincy, and u ent unto the fire as 
though invited to a Banquet : m hen they began to burn, they fung an 
Hymn, uhlchthe flame and fire could fcarce intercept. Noneotthe 
old Philofopherscndured their death with fuch a courageous mind as 
thele tlic fire 

The iame Author compares Prague unto the City of Florence In 
7^^/cjwv;^vhercfore having ken both places, [ cannot omit to lay iome- 
thing, I had a view of the City of Florence from the top of the Do^ 
mo, or Cathedrjl, and of Prague from the Church of .St t-e//, upon 
the Hill in the idler Town: Prague leemed to. my eve to contain 
a far greater Circuit than liorence ; it fecmcd alfo more'pnpulous,and 
to exceed it very much m the number of People, the Streets larger, 
and the Windows ot l^alaces and fair Houles being of Glais, looked 
not lo tatter'dl}- as the ragged Paper Windows of twrence. The Ri- 
ver Ar>w, w hich runs throug'i Flurence^\% not to be compared with the 
/V//y/r/rf« at /'/•j;^//c', having run about an hundred mi'cs from its Head. 
The large, mially, long Scone-Bridge exceeds any of, if not all, rhc tour 
fin gcs of Florence. The Emperors Palace alio upon the Hill is very 
llately : But as for the well-paved Streets of Floicnct, the Domo, or 
Cj/zj^/^rj/ with black and white Marble, with a Cupoia,iccoK\d onlv to 
that of St. Peters o{ Rome, iot the incomparable Ch^ppcl of St. Lati^ 
rence, and the Dukes Gallery and Rareties, I muil conlcfs I fivv not any 
thing in^c? which a'^lwered them. At If ij/i'nbdrg, or the IThite 
Fliilr\t%x Prague, that deciding Battel .Mas touglit blovemh. 'i. i6io. 
between Frederick.^xxnz^ Palatine o{ ih^ Rhiie, eleded King of Ej)- 
hernia, and the Forces of the Emperor t erd'Kand the Second, M hich 
gave luch a deep blow unto the Protefiant Party, wherein fo many 
o\ Frederick^ Forces were fiain and droAned in the River in their 
flight, wherein alio that tamous Commander Fapenheim was found 
lying anwng the dead, who notwithllanding died not of his. wounds, 
but was relervcd ro end hiidajs w;th the King of Sweden in the me- 
morable Battel oi" Lutzen, 

From Pra(ii4€ Idefigncdto pals by water down the Muidau, which 
unites with tiie Eihe about Melffick, and lb dou n, the Elh unto Z/inw- 
burr^. But the VVinter advancing, and the Weather proving cold, the 
Boats did not go as in Summer, and therefore 1 took my Journey bv 
Land, and leaving Prague and the Muldau on the right hand I palled 
the firtl day to ZagethuU the next to IVeluerve, and fo to Budi>t 
and Lal'a'ficz upon the Elbe. Having palled over the Egra, 
a conf.derable River, arifingnot far from the City oi Egra, and at lalt 
running into the Elbe ; the next by the Caflie of Kriegslcin^ or Warre- 
Hone, leated upon a high lleep Rock, I came toAuj:g, a fmall City not 
far from the £iZ'(f,having little remarkable in it, like many other fmall 
Cities of5*^/t'w/j,and lb torward to Nolndorff, where we lodged upon 
Mount y'i>/wy^f/'^e;?the day after we entred into /^///v/a,paiiing by Peter^ 
Jivald and Hellendorff the rtrft Village in Mifnia, and A/y/A/,where are 
Iron Mines about eighteen Fathomsdecp, and Iron works. 

We now undcrllood that Bohemia was a larger Country tlian we 
expected ^ it lies round, and lome lay it is three days potlage over ; 
others that tiie Dtameter extends two hundred m Jes. From Igla upon 
she Confines unto Flellendorff, it took me nine davs Jourrey in No- 




: .1 

■ n: 




A Journey from Vienna to Hamburg. 


xewher by Cojich, not reckoning the time I flaid at Prague, In many 
places there are very I'l Ppffpges, and lo rudely mended with great 
Trees, laid fide by fide, that they arc oiten very troublefome to 

We travelled afterwards towards Drefden^ in a fruitful Country, 
wherein were many Vetr in moft parts of the v\ay, m fight of ihe 
Caftle of Pilmtz^ a (Irong place, and feated high. I could not but 
caftan eve on the Rocks behind us in the Forefl oi Bohemia, which 
looked like the RuinesofaWall which formerly cncloled Bohetnia^ 
which Country is defcnbed with a Forcft or Woods round about it. 

But I confcfs I did not realh perceive that there was fucha Wood 
round about it as is commonly fet forth in Mapps ; only both within, 
and alfo in many parts of the Borders, there are great Woods which 
are conceived to have been part of the Hercinian Forefl. 

The 5o/r/wA7wj are a ftrong, ftout, and hardy Feople, make good 
Souldiers, and have made w ars both at home and abroad ; and Hijic- 
nes are full of their warlike Exploits. The chief Magazine of the 
King is at Egra, a ftrorg City, accounted the Second of Bohemia, 
The Country atlords alio lufty and llrong Horfes. The common 
Ibrt of People are boytlerous, rough, and quarrelfome, efpecially in 
drink, whereto they are too much addicted. The Nobility and Gen- 
try are civil and kind unto Strangers. There are many great Fami- 
lies of tlic Nobility, among which that of Rofenhrgand Fopei\^ an- 
cient, and of high eftcem. Since the unhappy accepting of the Crown 
b>s Frederick Count Palatine, 'and the ill fucccls upon it, there hath 
been a great alteration in this^Country, both as to People and their 
Manners ; for tiiercupon many thoufands left the Kingdom, and many 
whoreraained, turned their Religion. And the Emperors have ufed 
the like feverity upon others in their Hereditary Dominions. 

The next conllderable place we came unto was Drcjden in Mifnia^ 
as well worth theleeing as almoft any Town in Germany, Drejden is 
the S:' at and Refidcnce of the Elei5tor di Saxony, feated upon the River 
£//?if, over which tliere is a very noble Stone-bridge of ."seventeen Ar- 
ches. The City is very well fortified after the Modern way, the 
Btfdicns covered or lined with Brick, and in each BaHion a Cavallier : 
It hath alfo a large 7/r«r/' or £>//cZ' about it, in fome places double ; 
and the River Elbe adds unto its ftrength. The UaJls are very 
ilrong : and they lay, that when the firlt Stone was laid to build 
them, there was placed in the Earth a Silver Cup gilded, a Bor^k of 
the Laws, and another of Oy;?/, and three Giajfes filled with IVine, It 
iiath alfo three Gates. The places moft worth the feeing are thefe : 
The Italian Garden in the Suburbs ; the Hunters Uouje in the olA 
Igm'h l;cyond the Fixtr ; the Eledors Palace ; his Houfe for vcild 
Beajls ; his Stahk-houje and Arjenal, of which I Ihall fet down Ibme 
things oblervable in their kind. In the Elector s Palace^ the Hull is 
very large, and handfomly painted with Cities, Gyants, and the Ha- 
bits of fcveral Nations, and fet out with feven large branched Can- 
dLfticks: But that which aftords thegreareft delight is his Kmflkam^ 
wer. Art'Ckamhcr, or CoHedion oj Rarenes, both of ^^r^ and Nature. 
In the firft Partition are to be leen all manner of well made Insiru^ 
men's belonging to moft Trades, as Joyners^ Turner^, Barters, Smiths, 
ChirnrgeofiSyivA oth^V Artificers'. In[irHments to tbrce O'^tn Doors, 

Ch. sis. 


A Journey from Vienna to Hamburg, 

Ckefis, &c. In the other Chambers thele and the like are obferva- 

A Tuie-glafs hur Ells long. A large Hew Turkifh-glafs. Variety 
ot Cvral 2nd artificial IVor^s of it. Fowls made out o^ Mother of Pearl, 
DrinkingCups in ^\i^^\'^y;^ct o{ Dragons, Elephants, ^c, Caflles of Gold 
and Mother of Pearl. Many Fowls and CtAps made out of Nautili, and 
other Shells, and out diOefl rich-egg^. A fine OeHnch made out of its 
Egg, with the Feathers q{ Gold. A Cup made out of the Ball taken 
out of an Oxes Stomach, richly fet, about a toot long. A Stone as big 
as my fift, like a Bezoar-flone. taken out of a fiorje. A Purfe made 
out of the Linum Incomlullibile, Silver Ore from the Mines oiFrei- 
^d-r^, almoft pure, in y/r/;?^^y and /hoots. A Natural Cr^/i of Silver 
Ore. One hundred and twenty one F/eads carved on the outfide of 
a Cherry-flone. A Religious Man or Fria^ of Japan carved in Bex. A 
Chry Hal Cabinet, fold by Olroer Cromwell, wherein is kept a Ring 
which hath Stones in it in the fliape of a Cafile. His Majefty King 
Charles the Second on Horfe-back, carved out c^f Fron. A FFead of 
King Charles the Firft. A Glafs Organ. Topazes unpolillied, ten Inches 
in Diameter. A Cup out of a Topaze, Emeralds an inch in Diame- 
ter, as they grow in the Rock^ refembling the Fitrioium Nativum, as I 
faw it in Para^ife-hiU by Schemnnz in Hungary, Stones named Thun- 
der-Bones, fmelling of /'/rd'. Rocks made out of all forts of Or^, and 
the names of the places written upon them from whence tliey were 

The Figures of /"//^f J in Stones out oi Mansfield ; the Stones ar^ 
dark-coloured, but the tijhes of a Gold or Copper colour. All forts 
of 6'/^(?wd'y which are to te found about Sax ny and Mijnia poliilied. 
Two large pieces of pure Virgin Gold out of the Inline. A Cabinet of 
all Ibrts ot Apothecaries Injlruments and chief Druggs. A Hart with a 
Cabinet made in his fide, containing all Medicines taken from a Fiart, 
A while Hart as big as the Life, made out of the Jhavings and filings 
of Harts-horn, and looking like Plaisfer. Figures printed in Trees. A 
Spur in part of a Free, Horns in Trees. 

A Chamber nfall manner uf Mathematical Inftrumenfi and Charts. 
A good Library o^ Mathematical Book , An 7Jn}cornS'horn,\M\\iQ\\t\\eY 
Will have to be of a LandZ^nicorn, being neither wreathed nor hollow, 
A Dartot Z^nicorns-hom. Among the Pictures in the fame Chambers 
thefe feemed remarkable : A Pidure by Colter, of the Siege oijeruj'a- 
lem, with great number o[ Figures, and highly efteemed. Four Heads 
of the Elemer,ts made out of the Creatures w hich belong to them in 
Caricatura. A painting of Merchants Letters ftuck htliind green Tap '. 
A Storm by Rubens. Two Nuns by Lucas Z'an Leyden. A Piihire of 
Dr. Luther in the Cloyjler, in his Gown, and alter his Death. There is 
alfo great variety of excellent Clockwork, and an attempt ioxz perpetu- 
al mot lonby a rowlzng bullet. A Cuckow fings by Clockwork, a Horfe- 
wan rids, a Ship lails , an old Woman walks, a Centaur runs 
and Ihoots, a Crab creeps upon a Table lb well as to amaze and 
delight ; but among all, the Crab feems to be moft naturally imi- 

In tliQ Sfable-houfe, befides the extraordinary noble Stable of Horfes, 
wherein every Horje eats out of a Rack of Iron, and Manger of Copper; 
and on a Pi/lar by him his Comb, Bndle and Saddle^ and other NeceP 




A purvey from Vienna to H.iniburg. 

"^•77'hine; Ichdcs a hantliime Window with a Curtain bclorc iiini. 
^ ;' cn^^^'^M-V'^bk a vcrv tan" I ru.Uu' ^nd />W let about 
b io o^ ;lv;/-^ - hue rhc //.r/:. arc watered. A /.,, <../^ - 
Cbcj aixlralnted uuh //<../.> ; over uh,ch .s a 6.Zrrv wuh the / - 
/ wool !lt>e D.kcs andBcJon 01;;v. both m tncir 
^ V't / l-bns Tuo W. 0: ^/.;-M'. Drinking C«/i u hich 
^^.^ ; "cat. ^c; lb CO tnved as to ho'd divers quarts. A S^.n.^ 
S h c'ul a /:^..y.«M. in S^hn to coii^e r.ding in, a Cup ot 
r fin hi hand \ pair ol noble F^,.oh with all the A/.//., ot the 
"v" nd J"r;.^iJ«. ^rontheni. A G/.,/. O.^- A G>. u 
fhoo' drVortN t ines without chaigirg again. A Hece^ iheu s 
the manner ot the hrll hn cfition ol jfnh^^g Foe in Cms. A Lock 

'"t Chamto of rich S/e^s for // .y^., made u^ ofin Jollity and pom- 
,.^n. rourles upon th-: Skoiv. A ivbJe Bears din Uuiid. 7/r^r and 
5; ^llns! \ U^^r. Skin. Coed ^.^.. |or ./..^nd /T.. /.^ 
Wanv frts rf //-.//.« ^^^-'O, A«/A.«^ and other forts. A / utuu cA 
L^plJ^en and their Cush.s. A L.^Ln^Jn^ with /vg.n t coa- 
hire bv. A Chamber of all //.'/«^/"? Anm and A cePne... 
'^\,^Arw.mcntarum- Armory X Arjc../,i'. ^\ov?, Iquarc Build, g, 
u he ein are about Four hundred ir,Js I'leces ot Or^.^vur, great nuni- 
Le . "/' i '^^ and ^ the upper Room^ S.h.r o M,/e. 
rlro^- Or A^''C. to be charged behind. Hetort. and Ak>fcxs m 
t^K n-npe of Cr..;.^... The S^rp/e of the chief r/w-r/; was lately bur; t 
bv I liihtning, and tlie C\i» n niclf.d which w ere upon it. 
^ In d e //r;r/«,-/..^'/^, in the ././ T..-., are fitteen /^..n very we 1 
provid d for andlooked unto. Tliey have Fou.tain^ and Vond. to u alh 
Kelive. m, wherein they ir.uch delight : And near to the i^.Ware 
'.,', r.'i'red Pnfis or Jrees let up tor the Bears to up, and .S../- 
X/\ made at tlie t p to fun zv6 dry t:.eniieb/cs ; where nun u ill alio 
k t - conie and go as the K e/er calls them. The //... G.'Ien ts 
ilo remarkable in this place, out ot there are three ( hambers ; 
one painted 'aith ftveral lorts o\ Jn'.»tnig ; another with all loits ot 
Foul- and a third with great variety ol Beajh. 

In 'the Ho.Je for nuU Be^Jis I toc;k notice of a ^/.;./<,.;, uluc Ins a 
four->ootedBeall, that hangs upon Trees by the r^;/ Alio a hv/^ or 
/}A..w.//«-6-w/ Ola large fize. live yau,,^ Be.r^. Usx vld llac hears.^ A 
ivhte Beir \ ery large ; tlie reet, the be.d, and the » ck are longer tnan 
thole ol the lU I; but not fo tl 1 ick. Tw o L) ons. Ten Luekjcs ■ very 
fine Beaji , in //^.f/>, cJo.r, andyZ.:/. betwecr, a Tg r and a ).v/./C// ; 
the- tips of their /r/n and Tails are /^ ac/, the.r Eyes lively, their 5/7« 
Lvon-colourcd, and (putted, elpecially about their Ejes 

" The Italian Garrlot and, in the Sulurl^s is very noble 
therein are two Oltlnks, two gallant /'..«r^/«i, a Ihe^trc and good 
J vidA-ips i:\\\s Garden ■^ Surnwer-boKJ were built by two ol tlic 
I'rince Eie'dtor's Eomchs, and afterwards fold unto the Prince lor fix 
and twenty thoufand DoL'urs- 

Dnjdo. IS but a late City, and was formerly a Village. Tnc Cl-nr- 
Lrsl or E/nh'r, was not in the Town ; but the Chur-prn,ce his Son 
was there • A I'erlon rather of low than middle St^^ture^ his Hair long 
and yellow, his hiceruddv, his Body well let and adive, and he is 
very wdl beiovtd. "J he luelent Llcdor of Saxony, is johr, (oeor<^e tUe 
^ Second, 






A Journey from Vienna to Hamburg-. 



Second, Gra-irl Marfhal of the Empire^ a greac and powerful Prince, 
who keeps a Royal Court and AttenrLvjce.h^sxng his Guards and Officer] 
after the manner of /f'i;;^. His Domimom lie in Mif-fia^ Tbunm^a^ 
Foytland, and part oi Lufath. His Revenues are large, from I/^ponti- 
ons upon Comn?od/t/es, His Profit ^XQwt, from the Tax upon Beer^ 
which ariles to no fmall fum, efpecially in lVirte>tkri^T"r;T^a,:ir.d Leip- 
lick. And his Sih r Mines are confiderablc. And t'.e Funeral oi 
the lall: Eledor, 'joannes Georg/us the Firflr, was very magnificent 155-7, 
at which there were twenty tour Horfes oi State covered ^\ith l^/ack^-ind 
the Eledtoral £/6-w/c/id'^;;? embroj'dered thereon, and every one led by 
two Gentlemen , and three thouianJ five hur.dred pcrlbns in mour.i- 

Dr. Luther\ Holiday was kept when I was there. The chief Church 
is very fair : They preach every morning at feven a Clock. The Lu- 
theran women mourn in i\:hite^ as others do in Black ; and the u omaii 
of the Houfe doth ordinarily fay Grace inftead of the man. The belT: 
HiiJ>dutch is fpoken in this place, and other parts of ./J///?;/^, whic!) 
is a very plea(ant fruitful Country , and full of good Tou ns and 

Leaving this nolle place, I took not the ncarell Road,bur turned out 
of the way unto Freiberg^ a place noted tor Silver Mines ; whereof I ^'^iber^. 
had read fomething in Jgrcola, and heard very much in thefc parts. 
About an EngliJJ: mile or two from Freiberg^ there arc many remarka- 
ble Mines. I took notice of three of them : One called Auff denhohen 
herg^ or upon the high Hill^ which is the deepell in thele partSj as being 
feventy leven of their Fathoms deep ; each of their Fathoms contains 
twelve of their Ells^ and three of their Ells makes one of our Fa- 
thoms. So that the depth of this Mine exceeds any of thofe wherein 
I was in Hungary. There is another Mine called Himmelfurji^ or the 
Prince of Heaven^ wherein not long fince there Was Ore tound fo rich, 
as in an hundred pounds weight to contain an hundred and thirty 
Marks oi' Silver^ or fixty five pounds in the hundred, but there was 
net much of it .■ And where the reins are richell, they arc obfer\cd to 
be thinneft, about two fingers bread ; but the ordinary Ore is but 
poor, holding an ounce, or an ounce and half, in an hundred pounds 
weight; and if it holds but half an ounce they work it. Nor is this 
much to be wondered at, for in the vail rich Mines oiPeru and C!v//, 
tliey will work the 6'//"i.'£'r6V£' which contains four or five ounces in ^silver Mines. 
hundred pound weight; and ten or twelve ounces is the ordinary rate 
of the common Ore of that rich Mountain of Potofi, out of which 
Hill alone, if we believe Alhero Alonfo Barba^CuratQ of the Parilli of St. 
Bernard in that City, there hath been more Silver taken than would 
cover all Mijnia over and over : For thus he laith,Potofi hath already 
yielded between four and five hundred Millions of pieces of Eight. A 
quantity fuiiicicnt to make liich another Hill oi Silver ; It is hard to 
form a conception equal unto fo exorbitant a heap of Riches; but the 
better to help our imagination herein,! know, that if the Ground were 
covered with lb many pieces of Eight, laid as dole to one another 
as is poilible, tliey would take up the fpace of fixty Leagues fquare. 

Here at Freiberg they have many ways to open the Ore whereby it 
rtay be melted ; as by Lead and a Ibrt of Silver Ore which holds 
Lead in it. Tliey have alio Sulphur Ore found here, which after it ^ 

Z burned. 



V'*' -A 


iiii^.- - 



burned, doth help much towards the fufion o^ Metals : And bcfidcs 
tlicfe, 5//r/\ or pounded and waflicd Ore-, and Slacken, which is the 
DrOiS or Cake, orSkum taken out of the J'ortiegel, or Pan whicii re- 
ceives the mtlterl jWf;era/s, let out at the bottom of the meltin<^ Furnace. 
Their Treihjheartl^ox clnvhig Furnace ;s\\\^xz the LitLwge is driven o^ 
agrees better w ith the Figure of it in Agrkola , than thofe of 
F/tt):gary\ Some oi" tl\e Z,///we/ is green : Timr Buck-work and their 
£>'g/'(^j which pound the Or^*, the C^j/, and C/j), are alfo very near. 
Muc!) of their Ore is waflicd, efpecially the pooreft, and that which is 
mixed with ftoies, quarts^ vrfparrs. 

This i^ peculiar in their working, that they bur/i the pounded and 
walhed Ore in the Roajlhearth^ belore they melt it in the SnicItzovenjoM 
>}idtirig I urn.'ce. 

At x\\o^t /Vines o[ Hungary where I was, tlicy ufed not the rirgulj 
ehvina, or iorfced Hazel, to find out Silver Ore or hidden Treafure iirthe 
Earth ; and I Ihould little depend thereon : but here they have an e- 
ftecm of it. And I obferved the ufe thereof, and the manner how they 
did it. But I fiujl omit the Dcfcription of it, bccaule it is fet down 
in divers Books^ and it cannot be fo well dcfcribed as Ihown to the 

I faw alfo another Mine, called Auff der Ilalflrncker, about eighty 
ofour Fathoms deep,and much worked : I'Jicy liav^e divers forts oiOre - 
but the}' cf^ntain either Silver and Copper, Silver and Lead, or all 
three ; but they v\ork them only for Silver. They have divers damps 
in thefe Mines, where it is deep. The Mines are cold w here the out- 
ward Air com.cs in ; but where not, warm. Thegreateft trouble tliey 
1 ave is by duft, w hich fpoils their Lungs and Stomachs, and frets their 
Skins. But they are not fo much troubled with water ; and have ve- 
ry good Lr.gines to draw the water out. 

Vi\^ Sulphur ox Br imjlone Ore \\\\\q\\ IS h}xn^ here, is alfo rich; it is 
hard and flony, as otlicr Ores are; that which hath red [pets Is ac- 
counted the befi. They ufe a peculiar Furnace to n\t\x. the Brimflone 
from the Ore ; fc me whereof yields three pounds of Sulphur, out of an 
hundred \\ eight of Cre, which as it melts^runs out of the Furnace into 
uatcr, or the Exhalations from the O^f near or in the Fire, are coa- 
denfed into Brmjtone by the Suriacc of the Water placed to receive it ; 
this is once agam melted and purified. Some of the BrimHone Ore 
contains Silver , Ibmc Copper^ and fome Loth ia a fniall proporti- 

After the 6'////>/;«r is melted from the Ore, the remainder ferves for 
two ulcs; that is, either for tlie melting dSiher, ox lor the ma- 
king of / ///vJ : To the former only thus ; A propoi tion is call into 
the melting Furnace of the Silver, to this end, to ule the Miners cx- 
pre/hon to make the Silver which ishardjiuid. 

The other ule, and which is mere confiderable, is for the makirgof 
/7//-W, or Copperofe in this manner : They take the Ore, out of which 
the Brimjlone hath been already melted, and burn it once again, or 
let it ftill burn in the open Air ; then putting it into a large Fatt,they 
pour u ater upon it, io as to imbibe and drink in the /'"i/no/ ; this Wa- 
ter is alteruards boyled to a lufficient height, and let om into tlie 
C;o(jlers, where fticks arc fet in it, as m the inaking of Sugar Candy^ : 
The purell OylUlh/ed/^z/AWfticks unto the wood, the rell to tTie 



Two Jline rj In timr habits 

, r 



The fijuve of an Iron 
retort fnch aS are vfed at 
tiie auickfdicr i^jrke atlDria^ 




. .--^ 

A JouYiwy from Vienna to Hambl.'.rl,^ 


fides and bottom. Thus the Sulphur Ore, after x}m Sulphur is taken out 
otit, ftill works upon the Silver Ore, and opens the Body ofit in tiic 
Fire; but when this (Vcms alfo deprived ot'its Vitriol,' \i works no 
more upon Metals, 

Friherg, is a round wcll-walled Clt) ; h^th Iiandfoin Streets, a Phiz- 
zj, the Elector's Caftle, and five Gates. The Church of St. feter i:> 
tuir, where many oi the Dukes and Ducal Family have been buricd^and 
have lair Monuments; erpeciallv Duke Mji^ Ek<^or of Saxony, 
whofe Monument in llack Ahirlle is railed ihree piles hi^ii, adorned 
with many fair StJtNas in W/ Ijfler and iv/jite Marble, and'cftccmcu 
one of the nobleft, if not the befl, in Gcimany. And when this 
Town was furrendcred unto Uokk and Gallas,' Odcb. 5. 1631. the 
Duke of Saxony paid 8cooo Dollars to fave the Monuments of his 
Prcdcceflburs from being ranfacked and dctaccd, it being the iiilhion 
of divers (jerman Princes to be buried in their Roles,\\\x\\ their Enhqjis 
o{ Honour, Rings Jeivels.^nA the like, which would have been booty, 
and probably have run the lame fortune as the Cloijler o\ I laihr. /Awith-' 
in -vvelve EngLlh m\\c^ oi' Murcnberg where fome of the Marquiffes of 
Onfpach, who are of the Eledoral Houfe of Brandenburg, lie entomb- 
ed, w here Tillys Souldiers brake open the I'aidt, and robbed the dead 
Corpjes of the MarquilFcs, George fredernk, and Joachim Emell, of the 
Jewels, Rings and other rich Ornaments with which they were entom- 

There are fome Vaults and Subterraneous Cavities in the City, by 
which there are pallages into i\\^ Mni^u This i lace was formerly 
ftreightly beficged by the Emperor Adolphus, for the fpacc of a yca'r 
and ^a month, and at lafl; betrayed by a Fugitrce, wlio let in a 
party of the Emperors into the Town by a Subterraneous Pallagc near 
St. ZJ)(3;7J/j- Gate, and upon the continual Batteries made at the Town, 
aui conculTion of the Earth about it, the Earth funk dov\-n in many 
placcs,and Iwallowed great numbers of the Emperors Army. 

Thefe Mines atlbrd great benefit unto the City, and alfo unto the 
Eledor ; They arc (aid to have been found out in the }ear r iSo. 13ut 
there ha\c been o\\\^:x Silver y>//>;^j dilcovered fince; as axSc-:necherg 
at Annebt'rg and ^at Joachims Dale, 15x6. 

Having palling lome time at /^/-/^tr^ J ordered "my journey for Leip- 
fick^and travelling by li\dthe:m and Cddick, came \\nto\t. 

Lcipfick is ieatcd upon the River F.Utcr, uhich arifing in Voytland, ^-''^^"t' 
or Terra Advocatorum^ pallcs by it, and afterwards runs into the River 
Sala. It is .1 rich and great trading City ; hath three Marts m the 
year, and great relbrt unto it trom many parts : It is w cU built, and 
divers Ihujes are kv^:n Uories high. The Caslle is flridly guarded, 
and hath in it a llrong white Tower. But the Works about the 
Tonn are not very confiderable , although they might be made 

The Church o( St. Nicholas is well adorned, and hath the name to be 
the fairell u ithin fide of any Lutheran Church in Germany ; tlicy liave 
alfo a remarkable Bunal-place or Godtjaker, w ailed about, and clov- 
Uered near the Wall, wherein the better lort are buried, as the rt'ft 
in the middle and open part. V\ hich put me in mind of that noble 
iiurial'place^\\\\\c\\ I law at Pifa in Fujcany, called II campo Santo,bC' 
caule tlie Earth w hich the Emperor Frederick BarbarolJa brought 

Z % from 



- ' > 



A Journey from Vienna to Hamburg. 

from the //(?/y £i7W, for the Ballaft of his Ships, was laid upon that 

Leipftck is famous for two great Battels fought near unto it, in the 
laft ^ud'^z/i?' wars ; one between Gujlavu^ Advlukus, King di Svceden^ 
and Count r///y,GeneraI of the Imijenal'ijh^ 16^1. wherein the Swedes 
obtained a great Vid-ory. Tilly was wounded, fled and lived not long 
after. Another fome years afrer in tic lame plnce, wherein Leonard 
Tor/tei^/o^ the Sivede, overcame Arch-duke Leopoldus Gul'ieLrm^ and 
Oiiavio Piccolomim^ Generals of the Impend Army. And about a 
mile and a half from hence, at Z>//^cf«, another great Battel was fouf^Iir, 
i6^x. between the King oi Sweden and the Imperial Army^ command- 
ed by AdhertWallenfleyn Duke of /rW/uw^, wherein tht Swedes ob- 
tained the Vidory, but the King oi Sweden was flain ; and on the Im- 
perial fide that famous Commander, Godfrey Count oi Fappenheim, 

There is alio an Vnrje'-fity at Letpfick, firll: occafioned by the Ger- 
man Scholars oi Prague, who in the troubles of the Flujfites came hi- 
ther, to the number of Two thouland in one day ; and is ftill one of 
the Three Vniverjitia in the Elector's Dominions ; the other bein^r Jc^ 
na by the River SJa, antl IVittenherg upon the Elie, In this rjyuver- 
fity they are much addidled to the lludy of the Law^ but there are alfo 
Learned men in other Faculties. 

The Magiftrates oiLeipfkk arc alfoconfi 'erable. Der herr von Ad- 
ierjlelme was the Burjomajler^^ courteous Learned Perfon, and geat 
rirtuofo^who had colleded and oblcrved many things : He hach had 
five fair Daughters brought up in all commendable wavs of w orkl^g, 
Drawing, Painting, Maying with Ploivcrs,\\\i\\ Mother oi Pearl, StoneT, 
and other pretty Uorh. And they fpake divers Langm^ies, wliich 
they learned at a School in Holland-. So that his houle hatha great 
deal of excellent Furniture of his Childrens work, and is one of the m.ll: 
confiderableCuriofities to be k^n in Leipfick. His Sumnfer-boufe \^ 
handlbm, painted both within and v\ithout : And in the Water about 
are Mujcovy Ducks, Indian Geefe, and divers rare Fowls. In his Cham'- 
her oiRaretits there are many things confiderablc : But havincr {^ttn 
divers of theni in other places, and lately fet down fome lanaies of 
the EleiSor oiSaxcn-^, I ihall mention but a few. 

An Elephants Head ^ixh the dentes mclares in it. An /nimJWko, 
an Armadillo, but the Scales are mu^h larger, and tiie T il broader 
Very large j^/ g Fijkes. A Sea-hcrje, Bread of Alo.'^nt Ldanut. A 
Cedar branch with the Fruit upon it Large Gramtes as they grow in 
tlic Mine, A Sirens hand A Chameleon, A piece of //-i?;?,which feems 
to be the headoi^ .pear, found in the Tooth of an Elephant, the Tooth 
bem^ gruwn about it. The Ide o^jerjey drawn by our King Charles 
the Second. A piece oiiVood\\\i\\ the ^V^.?-^ of King Charles the Firft 
upon It. A Greenland Lance wvthzhriQ BeiTdXxh^an^oi'xt, Much 
jj/>u>/ painting, w Herein their manner V^y;y;^/;?g and 2iyt/v>/^ may be 
oblervcd. A Ficlure of our Sa-jiour,t\\Q Hatches of winch are writing, 
or v\ ritten, and contain the siory of \\\% Paj/lcn. Bevers taken in the 
River Elbe, A Fidure of the murther of the Innoce^^*s, done by Albert 
Durer. Pidures of divers Ilrange Fouls, A Greenland Boat. The 
Skins ot white Bears, Ti^res, Wdves, and other Be-.^lis. And I muft: 
not omit the Garter of an Englijh Bn^de, With the itory of it ; of the 
ialhion in England iox the Bridemen to take it off^ and wear it'io their 


A Journey jrcm Vienna to H.miburg> 


Hat, which feemed lb ftrange to the Germans, that I was obliged to 
confirm it to them, by afluring tiicm that I had divers times u ore luch a 

Garter mv felr. - ; r t- n. 1 

Leaving this bufy and trading City ot Le/pJrcK, I diredtcd my Jour- 
ney unto Magdeburg, and travelled through a plain Country, between 
the River Sala and the Elbe, by Landjberg, nigh to PeterJdorff\ where 
there is a fmiU HiU ^vhich overlooks rdl the Country,next to f(oehten,t\\c 
Refidence of the Prince of Anhalt, then to C^dn, and over the River Sa- 
/j,before it runs into the Elbe, \\\\ic[\ anfing at Mount Fichtelberg,nQw 
haftcns towards it. Fichtelberg is a confiderablc Mountai t, near which 
are divers Mmes, Baths, and Mineral-waters, oi which Ga/par B ujcht- 
us hath written a Defcription.And from it arifc four Rivers, running to 
the four quarters of the World. The Maine or Magnus, towards the 
Weft ; the !<!ab or Kahus, towards tlie South 5 the ^ger towards the 
Eaft /and the forementioned Sala towards the North. Thefe four af- 
terwards fall into the three grcatcft Rivers of Germany, the Danube, the 
Rhine, and the Elbe. Then to Sals or Saltz^ a place noted for ^alt- 
fprings, and that night to Magdeburg. 

Parthenopohs, ox' Ma:deburg, is feated by the River EUe,^ formerly Mi^j^ 
thj Metropolitan City of Germany, now under the Marquifs of Bran- 
denburg, ot very great Circuit, but little more than half built again, 
fince it was lacked and burnt by Tilly, and Thirty i\x thouland perfons 
put torlic Sword and deftroyed. I could not butob/erve the ruinous 
and jcltrudive etiedts of the late wars in many parts oiGermany,hut 
not in any fo great and flounlhing a place as this : And a man might 
think, thatatcer this great deftrudlion of Houfes and ito{A- 
place iliould not be abl. to fiand a Siege ; yet a few years after it ^as 
befieged by General Ilatzfield, unto whom (h'aKnier the Swede not 
being able to relieve it^ it was yielded. The Cathedral Church :s ve- 
ry fair and built like an Enghjh one, by the Emperor (a ho the F • H, 
and his Emprefs Editha, an Englijh Woman Daughter unco King E.!- 
mund, whole Effigies in Stone I law in the Church, with ninern.n Tuns 
of G(;/^by hcr,\vhichfliegave thereto. And to fa> the truth, £/-- 
lilh money hath done great things in Germany, for hereby, or ^^^'ith a 
cood part thereof, this Church was built or endowed. L?o^old,is, 
Duke of Auilria, built the old Walls of Fienna with the of 
K-ng Richard the Firft, whom he detained in his return throu;^i: Au- 
liriaixom the Hoy Land. King Edward the Firft fcnt a great Su n 
of Money unto the Emperor Adolphm,iox the railing ot Souldiers ni 
Germany, which the Emperor employed in purchafing a great part ot 

Mifnia for himfeif. ,,.„.• 

The /./ir/rM>f Churches are handfom, and their Pulpits are extra- 
ordinary noble, and richly fet oti; as I oblervcd, through all Saxony, 
Norimberi, and where they are Mailers of the Places, and have not 
their Churches only by permiiiion ; here they Ihcwed me m the C^- 
thedral Church of St. Maurice, the Statuas ot i\\Qpve wije Virgins Imil- 
ing. and of the /x'^ foolijh Virgins lamenting, which are very well ex- 
prelTed • Thev Ihewed me alio two odd Reliques, which tney itill 
kept as Raretles ; that is, the Bajon wherein Pilate walhed his hands 
when he declared himtelf tree from the Blood ot oux Saviour ; and 
the ladder whereon the Cock Hood when he crowed alter :>t. Peters 
denying of Clvnll, ^ 





* ' 



A Journey from Vienna to Hamburg. 


In the Ru/»es of the Clotfier of the Auq^Mftnies^ there is dill to be 
fccn Luther s Chamber, his Bedllead^ and Tahie^ and upon the Dovr 
arc thcfc German Verfes. 

Dis war Lutheri Kamryierlm, 
Wan er ins Clojler kam herm ; 
Ceelachnii halh ivird noch itzund 
Hcrin gejehen jein Eettejpund. 

i. e. 

Luther did lodge within this little Room, 
When firft he did into the Cloifter come ,• 
In memory whereof we flill do keep 
The Bedflead within which he us'd to fleep. 

I lodged at Magdeburg, in an old man's Houfe, who would tdl me 
many (tones of the burn:ng of the Town, the cruelties and hlotcly uidge 
of the people., who were deilroyed witliout exception : The Kmi,rc%- 
ny of them being drowned in the River Elbe. After which Ibme ob- 
lerved that Count Tilly never profpered in his Wars. He told me al- 
io that Dureus lodged with him, who was employed b> King Charles 
the Firft, to endeavour a rcconcili-.tion between the Lutherans and 
Cahinijts in Germany, and to unite them if pollible. We were row 
m the Territory of the Ekaor o\^ Brandenburg. Fridencm Wilhelmm 
Great Chamberlain of the Empire, who is in effed: poileircd of Mag- 
deburg, and next unto the Aujirum Family, is the moft potent Prince 
in Germayty, being able to raife great Armies, and his Dominions fo 
large, that they are reckoned to extend two hundred German miles in 
length, from the further part oiPrufta unto Clc-ve, but they lay not 
together, but mterfperfed with many other Princes Countries : How- 
foever, a Horle-man may fo order his Journey, as to lie every night in 
one o\ the Eledors Towns, in travelling from one end of his Territo- 
ries to another. 

I had now lett the pure German Language behind me, for at Mwde- 
lurg comes m another kind oi German, called Fht-Dentch, Broad- 
Dutch Niderjachjijche, or the Language of lower Saxony ; a great Lan- 
guage, fpoken m the North part ot Germany .■ They Ipeak it at //am- 
burg, Dantzick, Lubeck, and many great Cities : But they can con- 
verlewith the other High-dutch, and with lome diificultv allb with 
t\\Qhetherlundcrs ; the one fpcaking in his Langua^-e, and the other 
replying m his. 

At this City ol Magdeburg was performed the firft Tumament that 

ticmlelvcs in handling their Arms, and managi- g their Horjes,zniii 
thcreiore inftituted thcle Sports, whereby the l^ohtUty was pow erfully 
attracted to Falour and Gallantry, and induced to perfed and accom- 
phlh themlclves in all kind o\Chevalry. No new NoLnuy, no Bajlard 
no Zijmper, none guilty ot High Treafon, no Opprejjvr yf Uldows and 
Orphan,, none Lorn ol Farem, whereof one w :!s of laje Extraaion and 




A Journey from Vienna to Haaibur 

hnoble no Ileretique, Murderer, Traytor, no Coivard that had run a- 
way from the Battel, ror i>?dijcreet Perjon that had given ff,;>jce to 
Ladies by word or deed, were admitted to this HoMur, nor above One 
of the fame Family at a time. Prh^ces came into the Lisls ^\\\\four 
Squries a piece. Counts and Barons w ith three, a hni^^t with two, and a 

Gentleman '^'xl^i one. • 1 . , 

The hour and place for the Turn.imen', being appointed, he that 
had adefire to break a Lance there, came to the Fiejident's Lodgings 
to have his Name written down, which was done m the prcfence of 
jhrce Heralds, to whom the Champjo t delivered his Hdmet and 
Sword, and after he had been at confcirion, prefcnted himlelf m the 
/.///^ with one or more 5//«/m-, according to his quality. Tho. Hor- 
fes of the Combatants were to be without fault or exception ; the Ca- 
parijcns and Furniture fuch as gave no clTcnce ; their Saddles without 
any extraordinarv rifing before and behind, and all things equal. Af- 
ter which they performed all kind of Esercifes on Ilorje back : and 
after the Joujls w ere ended, every man repaired to tlie Prefident of 
his biatioH, to wait for the Sentence of the Judg s ; and he that belt 
deferved the Prize, received it either from the hand of fome Lady, or 
from the Fr/«ce that gave it. . 

Thele Pajtimes were afterwards difufed, upon the Emulation it cau- 
fed between the Princes and Nob}lity, u ho Itrove to outvy one ano- 
ther; or upon wars, in which there was no Icifarcfor fuch Exercif.s ; 
or perhaps upon confideration that divers brave men loft their lives m 
thefe Encounters : and no lefs a Prmce than l/enry the SecontiKaig ut 
France neglecting to wear his Beaver down, was flain in a Turnamenr. 
And atDarmJtadt alfo, in the year 140]. at the Three and twentieth 
Turnament which was held in 0>/wu«y, the Gentlemen ot /^r./«c-o.;/j 
and thole of I Me, drew {o m.uch blojd upon one another, that theri 
remained dead upon tlie place Icventcen ct the former,and nine ot the 

The Wi'ter c^rowing on called me to make Uafte to HamLurg, from 
whence I intended to pals by Sea into E:.gland, and therefor: I took 
the advantage of the Stage-Coaches at Magdeburg, and in four days 
came to P^mluri, I travelled through a Country tor the moft part 
barren of Uttle accommodation, or Icarce any thing very remarkable, 
throuA part of the Elector of Brandenburg, ^^d xhta through the 
X)^coi Lunenburis Country, palling by the City of i.««^«^.^g a hand- 
Ibm walled Citv, beautified with divers fair Churches, with high .b^/r... 
The C/.' in', of St. Lambert, ±Q Town-hoaje, and the Duke's I auce,^x<t 
fair. Here ^x^fJt.fpnngs in the Tnvn, very benehcial to the place, 
and fupplying the neighbour Countries. The Town is commanded by 
a //.//near To it, called Kalkherg, which lies on the North- lide. _ 

In this Road through lower Saxony, I could not but take^ notice ot 
many Barrows Ot Mo.wts ol^ Earth, the burial Monuments ot great and 
famous Me>, to be often obfcrved allb in open Countries in £.,5- 
land, and lometimes rows of great Stones, like thole in IP .r»uus ais Da- 
niihAntKiuities-. And in one place I took more particular ^ff.f 
them where three malFy Stones m the middle, were ^ncompaiied in a 
largeVquare by other large Stones let up on end. 

/-y2^«.gisafairC..V,and one ot the great ones, '^^^^[-'^^y-' f 
fcated 111 a Plain, being populous, rich and remarkably ltron|: U_^is 



= It 

K ' 

. l: 


' ii ' 


A Journ ey frcm Vienna to Hamburg. 

fortified according to the modern manner, much after tlie uav 0^ 
//./.../ with roorh oje.rtb, but in no place yet covered or faced with 
Inck ojlo.e : rhcTerrnory belonging to it is but fmall ; it is divi- 
ded into the .eiv and the oU Imn. There are five Gates : The stL 
.^../.leading towards LuLeck ; the Dome-.^ate , th. Alten-.a^e Z 

Kin'. . ' n' ""'^. ^^?""' ^ ^'^'^ "^'^'" ^'"'' ^^'-' belonging^ to^ tl^ 
Kng ot D.W where the y?.«,...y/, and O/rW. h.^ve tleir 

City are handfom, and commonlv have a fair entrance into 
them. The Senare-kcufe is noble, adorned u itii carved i^-^."' of "he 
Nn,e Hcrrh.s. The £.vc/v.;. ■ or place of meeting for ^lerchJ Zl 
then enlarging It being too fmalJ to receive thofe AW/... vvlnch re 
qucnted ,t. Many of tiicir Ci'urches are very fair, with hi^h "wl^ 
covered vvithC.;/... The Front of St. AMlen.s is L' ft fu! ^nI' 
Steeple of St NMs IS fupported with great gilded G/S T'^e ^ 
ther great C/.^»rc/:es, are the Dnr,e-C/',rc/7^^ St Feten St ^Z .?' 
greater and lefs. St. AHchael, the AV.-a^.J in tl e V^'i^ 'tL' 

l^GHL They have a ^..;..« every day , as in' othe^ Z../'! Q. 

The Kiy^xAiner runs through it into the Elk, and turns manv 
Mfs: and the T^^e comes up into divers Streets throuJr, 7 
although It be dillant eighteen Q\^.;... n^iles from the ^f or m''!: 
of the £//. This place abounds with fhippin^^nd many ofV d 
Burden, and is well feated for Tra^e, as having an oiZ li? ^'' 
the a...,and being but a da) s Journey from IfleZ^Z & l^" 
and being feated upon the long River EUe, the third greftWr of 
Gern;any, whereby it may have Commerce with a great^ m t of th?r 
Country, and as far as BohemLi. ^ ^ ^^^ °^ ^"" 

H.imbHrg is full of 6Vr.;>/gc?ry and Merchants of {evpr^\ r 
The E.^Ujh Cornpany have gtod Pn.He^s and^'wS'r^j^.^nS"];;?- 
come laden thither with Cloth to the value of an hnn^ j , 'K 
V^^Jierl^n^ and th.y Hve here m good Repu at.on fdt 'he h'^ 
nour or their Country : they are i'f/-/««.-nr».«A/? ^^^^ "°" 
and I heartily wiH. iJlul^^iZ t^'^Z^^'^^'^^^y ^ 
mit the acknowledgment of my particular ObhaatTcn tirl^' °: 
andu..../.vP../.«,Mr. G.,^., Preacher unto t fcomp " '^'^^f ^^ 
the Treafurer, Mr^..^,, ,vho hath been in many pC 'of^^ f ''' 
and the Holy Land, Mr. Jenkinjon, and mv verv obUin? r fVf' 
CateUn and Mr. Toivnly. ^ ' "" ^^ \ery obliging Friends Mr. 

This place hath the happlnefs to be quiet when the -reat Prirr^. .r 
Europe are at war,- for it defires to hold a Itrifl- ' f "^"^ u^f^^ °^ 
and declines all P//.«.;.. with them -" ''''^ ^'■^"'^^' 

. I ^ound a Ship at //^/w^^rg bound fbr Lo>,don and whil^ ,V ,„ - 
ting for Sail, I made a fhort excurlwn into Da;r nF .1 I 'f ^^* 
W. Country, and returning JlaXt'L^ tlS^!>, ^^ ^T 
fairs tor £.^/.«^ upon the firit wind, and hoped be nei 7 IT^' '^" 
over the Aitenaw-jand, and to pais the RU^h 1 "^^ S"t 

prevented, lb thati left not /LT., 1 11 X t t^J'of^r' T ""1 

rl. n^hts dark . the .ll^^ Z ^^l^ ^t^^^^^ 


A Journey from Vienna ?o Hamburu^. 



we were able to get no further the firft dav than^V^^^ or St cade, upon 
the River Zwin^h^z ftrong r<7a'«,belongingto the King of Sweden, where 
the Ships that come up the Rivcr-pay Cuftom,and where the Emrhjk Mer- 
Difbontent t'^^i'' AV//>/.«r., uhen they left Elumbu^g upon a 

Decernkr the luk we came by Gluckdadt, belonging to the Kin^r of ^K^?•'•"'^ 
■nmark. where rhe r,,/U^ it-,« t^....'' r> i _ __°i °, _, ,* 

f^.;;;«^r^, where the CaJ/le, the AT^ngipj^^and'th^ a-^rcb^o 

cd tnat night before the Mouth of the River OaA\ 

handfom, and Anchors . „. ...^ ,. ...,,,, ,,,, ,,.,,,, „, ,^^, ,,,,,,. 

which anfes in kre>nerlund, and tails into the E/k a mile from 
tuttely on the other Holfatum Ihoar. 

AW,r the ix^/.. we loft fight of the Northern nionr.andpaf]l-d 
Cook s Haven, m full hopes to put out to Sea that night ; but about 
Three in the Afternoon we were becalmed a League and a half below 

'/'\ ?/r ^'""'^ ''"'^'''^ '^ ^"""^ ^° ^" ^^"^'■''^'- 3gain,lell the flrorg El- 
be Ihould fet us on ground among the Sands : we lay that night 
between Thckjand oa the North, and ^'ewark on the South, right over 
z^^miii Light ho/<Je. ° 

) DecemLer the 1 5//.. the wind turning V.-cHcrly, and blou Irg liard, 

we returned to Cooks Hazen, and came to Anchor. Here I came a- 
tar, and went up the Land to the Fort in this place belonging to the 
City of Hamburg .- It ,s a high fcjuare Work, With a double Ditch, and 
and fome fe/e/s come up to the Fort ; but the Dttch or Channel which 
comes thither out ot the E^be, is dry at low water. Tiie Toivn is cal- 
led /?.«(/?W,not (ar irom the Lands end. Two or three davs after 
with a cold North-Eaft-wind, we fet fail for EngLrd Coming ou of 
. the E/be we were all the Afternoon in fight of an Ifiand, called //..- ,. 
hge./andt, or Hcly-land, belonging to the Duke of Hoy em, v^hkh ' 
being very high Land, is to be ken at a -ood diftance, and is of excel- 
lent u e to diredr and guide bhips into the Mouth of the Elbe with- 
out winch they would be at a great Ids, the Country about tliat R;- 
vers Mouth being all very low Land. 

//./%/Wis a fmall ^W, having about two thoufand fnhabl. 
faints, and fix or feven fmall /wr./y belc-^ging to it, wluch are imploy. 
ed a great part ot the year in bringing Lobjters and other Eijk to Lon- 
don or Qianboro^gh, the Inhabitants living moil uDon Fijh We bore 
cut to Sea all night, and the next day made towards the Land again 
I and failed in figlit of Sch,emon:ekeoghe, AmeLindt, and Sche/hnz in 
, the Evening we iaw the L-ghts at the rly and Texcl ■ when ux> were 
near the Land, we were much troubled with the Froft and cold Wea- 
ther,and Icfs vvhen we were otfat Sea.TIie next day we had a fair wind 
and made !uch way,that in the Evening we took down our Sails and 
Jet the ^efel drive, not being willing to deal with the flioar In tit 
night. The next morning we loon dilcovered the ^'orth foreland covered 
withSnowand camctoan Anchor in ^/.r^-/r./-Road, where the wind 
growing very hig!,, we rode it out for two davs and tu'o n 'ht and 
came iae on Ihoar (praifed be God) upon Chrijimas-day mormng' 

Now having made lo I<.ng a walk in Gern,any, I mull con^efi I re- 
urned WKh a better opinion of the Country, than I had before of 1 • 
and cannot but think it very ccnfiderable in many things. The Ri' 
vers thereof are robe, and feem to exceed thoie o( Fr.Z and /o/ " 
Of the Rivers of Itah, the Padus or Po, is the moll confiderable vvhiJh 
iiotwithihnding, hath no very long courfe, before it runs ^'^0 the 

^ ^ Adnatick 



!> :■ 

«! I 

* * 



v4 jfouniey from Vienna /c Hamburg, 

Admit ick Sea And //j/>> being divided by the Appenmne-'ills run- 
ing trom Weft to Eaft, the Kivers which arile from either fide cannot 
be long, neither on tlie Soutli-fide, before they run into the Mediter- 
ranejH, as the Arno, G.irigliaMo, and otiiers : Nor on the Nortii fide 
before they run into the Adriatick-, or the Po. ' 

The chief Rivers oi France, as the Loyre, the Seine, the Bhofne and 
the Cnomie, I cannot but highly commend, having palled upon theni 
for divers days. There are alfo four great Rivers in Germany ■ the 
Damhe, the Rhine, tlie Elbe, and the 0/r, but none of F-rame I'ecm 
comparable unto the Rhine and Danube. France having the Sea upon 
the North, the V\eft, and the tuo large Provinces oi LaKZuedcc and 
Province upon the Mediterranean Sea. hath the opportunity of Noble 
Cities and Seaports: But lorae doubt mav be made, \MiCther any 
thereof do exceed Hamburgh Lubeck, and Dantzick. 

The great number of populous, large, and handfome Cities, doth 
attord great content unto a Traveller in Germany ; ior befides about 
Sixty hx tree Imperial Cities, there are many m"ore of good note be- 
ongmg to particular Princes, and divers highly privikdged. And fure- 
ly a true Eftimation ot the Cities and Towns cfthele davs, cannot be 
duly made from the Accounts and Dcfcriptions thereot left an hundred 
years fince or more, tor fince thofe times, Buildings have been better 
modelled and ordered ; Fortifications and Out-works more regularly 
contrived ; Convents and Fublick Houfes more neatly and commodf- 
oufly built ; and the lair Colleges and Churches of x\it3efuUes which 
are now to be Icen in moft, do much fct ofi"the Beauty of ^reat Places 
Every vvhere we meet uith great and populous ToxvyisVilLes Castles' 
S^ats oUhcNdility, Plains, Forejls, and plcafant mo^^ And be- 
lides the fatis[ad;on we may hav e from Ob,eds above ground we 
may find no fmall content in the wonders thereof under it,in Mi.cs Mi^ 
Antimony ^ Coal,Salt, Sulphur, Cadmu^ and others, wlxre there are alio 
lingular Artificers and irorkmen, in the feveral Artifices thcrrof Cm 
venation u ith the People is ealle, they behaving thcmlelves without 
much Forma It), and are plain dealing and trufty, fo r at a Traveller 
needs not to be (0 follicitous and lieedful of what he hath, as in fome 
other Countries, which are cfteemed of greater Civilitv. The Women 
are gereral y well-ccmplexioned, fober, and grave, and they have not 
>et learned the cuftom of their Neighbours of France and HolLnul to 
admit of being lalutfd by Men : faithful to their Husbands, and cardul 
in the affairs of their Houfes, 

They make good provifion againft the cold of their Country by 
flceping between two Feather-beds and Stoves ^' ^ 

The common Stoves in Inns, therein there are for the moft i art 
feveral Companies eating, drinking, and m the night lleeping, are con- 
venient, con idcring the great cold, or at leaft tolerable ; but they be. 
mg rooms ctofe^ihut up, the fmell of the meat, and efp'ecially ohl 
la.c,zn ulual Diih amongft them, mak.s them unpkafant; fo that 

mindXr V?'''"'^* '^'\'T^^ °^''"^ ^°""^-^' -l^le I called ^ 
mmd.that in Provnicc.^ud Italy we drank frozen Julebs, which we 

of the lied, uith all the Windows of the Chamber open • and as we 
tate at umncr, there was a Fann in the middle of the Room hanging 


A Journey from Vienna to Hambur; 

over our Heads, about two }ards ijroad, which with a ftring was pull- 
ed backward and forward to cool us, and divers hid Fans filled with 
Snow, to cool the fhcets when tliey went into their Beds, 

Germany is a great Hive of men, and the mighty deftrudrion of men 
made by the laft German wars, and by the Plague is fdrepaircd, that ic 
IS fcarce dilcernitie. They are truitiul, and lull of Children :' Thev 
are not exhaufted bv Sea, Colonies fent forth, or by peopling American 
Countries , but they have fbine confumption by u ars abroad, when 
they be at peace at home : tew wars being made in other parts of £«- 
rope, wherein there are not fome Regim.ents oi Germans ; the People 
being naturally Martial, and perfons \\d[ delbended, very averfe trom a 
Trading courfe of Life. 

While I read in Tacitus oith^ old barbarous and rude State of Ger- 
many, how poorly they lived, that they had their Houlbs at a diftance 
from one another ; hovv^ ignorant they were in Arts ,• and it v\ as 
doubted v\ nether their Country afforded Mines ; that they lived by ex- 
change of things, making little or no u!e of money, and the like, I'may 
juftly wonder to behold the prefent advance and improvement in all 
commendable Arts, Learning, Civility, fplendid and handfome Cities 
and Habitations, and the general face of things incredibly altered fince 
thofe ancient times ; and cannot but approve the expreliion at a 
Learned Man, though long fince, That // Arioviftus, Civilis, and thofe 
tld famous men of Germany, jkould revive in their Country again, and 
look up to Heaven, beholding the Conjiellations of the Bears, and other 
Stars, they might probably acknowledge th^t thefe were the fame Stars 
which they were wont to Uhold ; but if they Jhould look downward, and 
weS view the face of all things, they would imagine themj elves to be /« 
a new World, and n.ver acknowledge this to have been their Country, 





^_, / 




■■ if- 

t . i 

- ,:i'a » «g *i'g a!a:!i!ateiij ig¥ 







hi ' 


) . ) 






i R M A 1 



lUrlng the Treaty of Peace at Colen In the year x6-yt 
htvx^znih^ V nil ed States oi the Netherlands the 
King o\ Great Britain, and the Frewh King • many 
Engiijh Gentlemen having accompanied their Excel- 
lencies,the Lords AmbaiTadors and Plenipotentiaries in 
their Journey, had a defire alfo to view fome of the 
Neighbouring Territories,and to divertife themfelves 
during the heat of the Surr^mer, at the ^^..,the Baths of ^^..,and other 
places. Having therefore, in order to our Journey obtained a pX' 
for our Safety from Count Blondel, one of the Spamjh Fllipot^ Z 
nes and from their Excellencies Sir Jofeph WiWaifd and d Le L 
Jenkins we left Colen on Monday the Fourth oiJul^znA upon the Road 

Duke of AW^s Court, and went afterwards into Itah to AW.«; 
and brought over the prefent Queen oi England We dined a/! fmoil 
wal ed /-..« called ^...^..,^hich fomi think To b a name "of 
rupted from 7-./....,«^, where we flayed a great part of the Snoon" 
to accommodate an unlucky Accident which happened A i^f™ 5 
oneof the ^.^/^ C.«/W« having cafuallyCT/t/w^^^^^^^ 
longed to a Ccmn,ander under the Duke of Ne.lurg, lying at thS time 
with a party oi Horfe at this To^vn, fo that we tra^vel ed^in the E^n 
ing through the Woods, and came late to a place call dLy..^r and" 
the next day morning we went to Juliers ^^emjtraMe, and 

Pnf "inH ' °i/!^r'v'' ^ ^""'^ ^"''^ ^y ^he River Roer, but very arci- 

ded bv 7«/ r^^ '^' f""""^ ¥""'''"> '^""''^^'^ '« have been S 
ded by Julius Ciejar ; the Seat fometimes of the Dukes of cS be 

eL^VRI t''f ""''^ ^''^'^ ' ''^ ^'"^«^ the dS ion of th'; 
Eftate, poirelTed by the 7jnited Provinces , and then again by the S^l 

A Journey from Colen in Germany to London. r S i 

niardi ; but at prefent is in the hands of the Duke of New I /4r^, It be- 
ing agreed at the conclufion of Peace between the Spafiiards and the 
Hollanders^ That the Marquefs of Braftdenhurj^ Ihculd have ALirck and 
Cleve^ and the Duke of Newhurg^ Culick and Berg. This is a hand- 
fome well fortified Toxm^ the Streets ftreighf, and t!ie Hvufes of Brick, 
The Cittadel cox\(\^% of four Eajhens^ of a xz^Xzt Fortification \ with- 
in which is the Princes Palace, The Piazza in the Toxtn is handfomc - 
and the whole confidcrable for its heauty and fhength. 

July the ^th, we came to Aken^ or Aquifgranur^^ five Leagues difta nt 
from Gulick ; the French call it ^/A-Zt? Cbapelk^ from a Chapnel in the'^^'"'' 
great Churchy much vifited by Pilgrims from many parts ; and famous 
tor the great number of Reliqnes preferved therein. When the Romans 
made War upon the Germans^ they polTclled chemfekes of divers places 
between the Rhine and Maes. And Graniis^ a noble Roman^ being fent 
imo thefc parts of Gallia Belgica^ about the year of our Lord Fifty 
three, difcovered among the Woorls and Hills thcfe hot Springs^ which 
to this day are highly celebrated in many parts o{ Europe ; who after- 
wards made ufe of them, and adorned them after the manner of the 
Roman Baths^ and built a noble Habitation near them ; part of which 
the Inhabitants would hive ftill to be (landing, retaining the name of 
Turris Grani^ an old Tower at theEaft-cnd of the Town-ho^/e ; a noble 
Antiquity: But the manner of its ^^//-y/^-^ gives fufpcion it cannot be 
foold. Hence thefe 77;^/-w^ from their Difcoverer have been named 
AqtiitGranicc^znd came to be frequented ; and the Town of Aqu/Jg^ane 
built and flouriihed, till x-^/^///^, the King of the H^nsy or Hungarians^ 
deftroyed it. 

About four hundred years after, CZur/<fs" the great riding out a hunt- 
ing in thefe parts,as he pailed through the IVovds^Mi:^ Horfes Foot ftrook 
into one of thefe Hot-Jprings^ near which he alio took notice of the 
Ruines oiancitnt Palaces and Buildings long before for.'aken ; and be- 
ing IHII more and more delighted with the pleafant Situation of the 
place, and conveniency of thefe hot Rivolets^ he renewed and adorned 
the Batbs^ built his Royal Palace near them : and appointed that the 
King of the Romans lliould be crowned with an Iron Crown here as with 
a Si!ver one at MiLn^ and a Gold one at Rome- He alfo buik a noble 
Collegiate Churchy dedicated to the hleffed Firgin^ in the prefence of 
many Princes and Bijkops, in the year 804, and endowed it with AV- 
^-if^^^i for the maintainance of Cjwi'wx, who lived to.iether inaO^^^^^^ 
at firft, but at prefent fcparately in the manner of Prebends. He builc 
alfo the 6*/^/ or inxiwrd Wall of t\it C'ty^ fo that it flouhlhed till the 
year ^i%, at which time it was again ruined by the Fury of the Nor- 
mam^ and the Emperors Palace burnt to the ground. This C/fj'jbefides 
thefe Devaflations from the Irruptions of the Httns and Normans^ hath 
been divers times fmce deftroyed by Fire ; as in the year 1 1 46, which 
lofs it overcame in fuch manner, that Twenty fix years after, it reco- 
vered not only its former greatnefs, but waslo much increaled,that the 
large outward Wall was built by the command ofthx:Emperor Frederick 
the Firlt. 

In the year 1114. happened another great Firs, in which, not only 

the Bnildings, but many of the Inhabitants periihed. And the Roof of 

the Church was burnt in another Fire iz^6. And now of late, for it i^- 

not long fince,it hath recovered its lollesby the Fire in the year \6^6» 

A when 


1 1 


*> *■■ 


^Wri*,^^ :r- -'JI^F^prr^ " 


t' ' 

182 A Journey from Colcn in Germany to London. 



'5f'f . 1 

' .1!' 





when twenty Churches zn^ Chappels, and about five thoufand private 
■Iloufes Were deftroyed. 

The Zca^//-/.'^?/./"^, ox Senate-houfe, was built 1^5-5. being all of /"r^^. 
,flone, handfomly adorned with the Statues ot the Emperors The 
f.rst znd feconJ Stary oi this i?«//^/;;^ is divided ixMo Chamiers • but 
the highcll IS ail one entire Room or Hall, 162 Foot long, and 60 Foot 
broad. It IS v\ ell painted in divers parts by Amifaga, : Two Pieces 
of w hofc ^/-^iivw/^ arc much clkemed here • one of the Re fur red ion and 
another ot Charles the Great, givirg the Charter to tlie City oiAkei 
Here the Ewperors, at the time of their Coro-ation, ufed to keep their 
/^.///j,toget!icr with the Elethurs & otiier Primes. The Rocfi^ (uppor- 
tcd h^joHr Pillars ; through the middle ot which, the>^./i of all the 
Chinmeys of this BuiUing, is by a handibm contrivance conveyed away 

Over againft this Houje, in the middle of the Piazza, is a Fou^aJiif 
conhderablc both for Lngenejs and v^tztjlruclure, contrived by a great 
Artijl Gerard Cons : where four Springs perpetually empty themlelves 
from above into a large Bajon oi Copper, oix^ixty Foot Diar^eter • from 
whence again It dclcends by iix Pipes imozCiJiem oi Sto^e 'hand- 
lomly engraved, and palks to many other Fcuntains in the Town. On 
the toi> ot this FLmtain ftands a large Statue oi Charles the Great Pa 
iron ot this City, made of brafs, and gilded over. He is in Armour ' and 
looks towards Qerryianj. About the edges of the great hrafs B.ifon is this 

Hk aquisperQxzmim Pr'mcipem quendam Romanum, Neronis ^ 
A^n^^xfratreryi invent is, calidorum fcntium Thermo:, a Principl con^ 
Jrut^e. Pojlea zero per D. Carolum Imp. conjiituto ut loi:us 
hicjit cam^ regnifedes trans Alpes, renovator funt , <iuilusl[hcrmis 
hic gelidusfons influx It ohm quern nunc demum hoc cCneo vafe lilusiravit 
S. P. C^ Aquifgranenlis, Anno Domini i6io. 

TheCW oiomLady, huWthy Charles the Great, is of an odd 
Pi^ire. At the Weft-end is a Steeple adorned with divers Pyramids - 
and on the top a large (jloh and Crofs. From hence, higher much 
than the Church, palles a Gallery, fupported by a large Arch% a Cupola 
near tLe middle ot the Church. At the Eafl-end is alfo a fmall Turret 
or Lanthorn. The infide of the whole is adorned with Marik Pi/Iars 
o[6iX^xsiorts, Pillars oitrajs, gilded With Statues, Irajs Doors zn^ 
Partitions, and much Mofaick work. 

In the middle of the a«/•c/^ where Charles th^^ Great was buried 
hangs a very hr^t Crown, given to this Church by the Emperor Fr^ 
derickih^ Hrft ThisCrown is made of//7^^r and ^vy.gilt, adorned 
with fixteen itt e Towers, and eight and forty Statues oihlver, of a- 
bout a Foot high, and thirty two which are lelTer. Between thcle 
ftand eight and torty Candleflicks to receive the Light, burnt here upon 
Festivals. o ^^ » 

Or' thefe large Crowns I have feen at Colen, and other parts : and it 
hath bten an ancient Ornament in Churches, The Greeks hzvt a 
Crown,or large Circle much like this, in the middle of moit of their 
bca Chu'ches ; on which they hang many Cesfnch Eggs, and the />> 
iiures ot tlie ^{^/^^^^^nd^^^'^^^^ The Jurks do likevnle imiate this in 
their Mojques^ but mfteadot /"/r/^/rj, place Lamps, 


A Journey fro}?i Colcn in Germany^ to London. 18 

Frederick the Firll: took up the Body o\ Chayles the Great out of its 
Sepulchre in the middle of the Churchy and afterwards buried it pgain ; 
partly in 1 filver Coffin under the AltJr ot the Quire, and partly near 
the fK///ofthe old Btnlding, covering it with the fame Tvm.b-jloyie, as 
before ; which is here reportld to have been firft taken from tlie Toyyib 
oi Julius Cccfar. It is ot white Marble, and hath the Figure oi Prvfer- B.:ix\s\ 
pina upon it. Out of this Tomb oi Charles the Great, were taken up 
a great number of /fff/A/z^j'i" and confiderable Paretics, which he had 
got together in his life time ,• fomc (^ them given him by Aaroi King 
oiPerjia^ by the Patriarch oi ConiLmtinop/e, and others ; divers of 
which are flill preferved here : and thele toUowing we had the oppor- 
tunity to fee. Some of the bleffxl Viriins hair. One ringox link of 
the Chain with which St. Peter was chained in Prijon, The P-lead oi 
Charles the Great. The bones of his Amu His Sword \\\-i\c\\ tlie Em- 
perors wear at the time of their Coronation. The Picture of the ^ir^ 
gin Mary, with our Sazuour in her Arms^ embofled upon a Jajprs, done 
by St. Luke, hanged about the Neck oi Charles the Great, and fo found 
in his Tomb. A Noble M nujcnpt of the Gofpels found in the lame Tcmb. 
Charles the Great s Horn which he ufed when he went ahunting.His 0«- 
cijix made out of the wcod of the Croju Our Saviours Girdle ot Leather, 
with the i'f^/ of CtfV^j^^/>^,the Great at each end. A piece of the true 
ManftaSomc of the Bones and B/00 /of St. Stephen richly enchafed,upon 
which the Emperors are fworn at their I'tat^g'iration.k piece of cne of the 
Naih of the Crofs. An Agnus Dei fent fro.Ti the Pope to Charles the Grcar ; 
& many other Reliques. Here is alio the Tomb of the Emperor Otho the 
Third, i'l black Marble,'^A\o in the year lOOOjfirftconftuuted theEledlors 
oi Germany, ^ 

Near to this City are many forts oi Miiierah found ; as Lead-ore, the of^ ^41^0^0^ 
Sulphur^ and Vitricl Hone, Iron, Coal, and Cadmta, or L-tpt5 Calamina- Brafs. 
ris : With this latter we iaw them make Brafs or m.ultiply Copper, m 
this manner. They take calcined C/r/'j-// 7, or Calmey, as they call it, 
Copper from Swe 'W;,and the melted drofs of both ; to twenty eig'it pounds 
ot Copper they put an hundred pound oiCalme^ : They put firfl into ve- 
ry larf^e C>«c//7>yjfome old pieces of /rj/y and flackcn,' r the drofs^and af- 
terwards the Calmey and Copper, ivA let rhem llan J in the Furnace twelve 
hours; after which,thcy put eight Cr/:/tv//£'j full into one, and let what 
will run over.thc heft (Inking always to the bottom ; and then caft it 
into a Frame made of ftonc,bordcred with bars of Iron ; and run it into 
brafs Plates/which are afterwards cut in pieces with large Cifors. res; t 

The hot Baths, ^rc very much frequented at prefent. Within the^;^^, '^'' 
inward Walls are three convenient ones : The Etr^perors Bath,t\\Q Lit- 
tle Bath, and the Bath of St. Qnimms, The Emperors Bath is in the 
fame place, and ted with the fame Springs with that in which formerly 
Charles the Great took much delight, and frequently uted to iwim 
therein; in which exercife few were more expert than himlelf; and 
Ipent the latter end of his days here, and would often invite to the 
Bath, not only his Sous, but his Nobles, his Friends and Guards ; fo as 
it was cutloniary to Bath a hundred together in thofe days. But now 
they are di\ ided into teller Partitions. The Emperors Bath having tive 
Bathing Rooms ; a 'd tlie Little Bath which comes out of it, three. 
Thele are reckoned to be Nitro-Sulphm'eous ; and arife lb hot, that they 
let them cool twelve hours before thev ule them. From under a 









184 A Journey from Colcn in Germany to London. 




1 ■ 

•!iS. , 


great round Stone which covered a Well, in which there were feme of 
tliefe Hot Springs, I faw Bntn/h e, hard, above ar> inch thick, and 
^a/t-peter, and a petreficd Subftance finely variegated, taken out. 

Befidcs thefe, near unto the inward Wall, of the City,there are Ba/^i 
uhich are not fo hot as the former, efteefiied to be Sulphureo-nitrous • 
The fmel! of them is fome-wliat offenfive, and the water in the Cijlem's 
not tranfparent. The firft is the Bath of St. 0/w//«j, vt hich hath two 
Receptacles. The fccond the Roj'e Bath, fo called from Mr. Rcfe, a 
The hot F'j««- Citizen ohV/few, who built it. The third Campus Badt, or tlie Poor 
t»in. man's Bath. Of this fort of warm Water there is aJlo a Fouyitai»,mVic\\ 

refcrted to, and drank of every morning in the S:mmer for many chro- 
The Baths cf "'"/ ^'f«\(f^- About a Furlong out of the South-gate of Ake», is a 
iwf,t. Village called Forcetum, or Borjet^ from the great number ot wild 

Hogs, which formerly frequented that place ,- in which are many Hot 
Springs upon both fides of a little Rivolet, and let into Houjes where 
they are diflnbuted into feveral Baths o'[ Stone. There are fourteen of 
thefe i^^^/e-j, and twenty eight Ba^hi ; the 5.///^^ holding ordinarily 
about fifty Tuns of Water, each of them : the Water is clear and plea- 
lant, without any offenfive fmell ; exceluve hot when it comes firft 
out of the Ground, hotter than the hottelt of Aken, and is left to 
cool about eighteen hours betore they ufe it. Tliey ufe aho an fnftru- 
inent ot Wood, pierced with many holes,to help to cool them fooner or 
to ftir the Water when any one goes in, whereby he is not fo fenfible 
ot the heat. There are many cold Springs rife near thefe hot ones 
whereby they might be tempered ; and lurely the quantity of the hot 
Water being fo great, no place might be made more delightful, nor no 
Baths more Noble. The Turks in our times, do molt of any Nation 
beautihe their Baths, and render them ferviceable to their Health and 

In AuJIria at Baden, the SawerBath is built after the Turkijh manner 
W'lth a Cupola over it : and it any one hereafter Ihall build or beautify 
thefe, they will yield to very kw in Europe. At orefcnt molt of them 
are oi a Iquare Figure, ot about five or fix yards over ; and the Houfes 
m which they are, very near one another. The firit Houfe hath the 
name of the Ladies B^ith- the kcmd is the Snake ; the third and 
tcurth the Snord ; the filth the Go/den Mill • the fixth the Fool ■ 
the feventh tlie Cock ; the eight the Great Bath ; the ninth the Foi»„l 
tain ; the tenth the Cral ; the eleventh the flWld Inverted- the twelfth 
the Glajs; the thirteenth the Angel; and the fourteenth the Rofe 
There is alfo another in the open Air, called the /oor mans Bath fn 
the Street is a Well or Fountain of thefe Hot-fpri^gs, of as great a'heat 
as any I have feen ; perpetually boyling or bubling. But of all t efe 
Baths Dr. Blonde/ md Dr. Didier have written lo particularly, as I 
A Mine otLa- "e™ not to add any thing more,and particularly of their Uics 
;« caun„„a. Within two Leagues of ^^.*, ia the Country of £/W.../-<.,is a ^/i^^ 
ot Lapu Calaminarts, which we went to fee having a Corporal and 
eight Mufquetiers for our Security to pafs the Wood This Mme lies 
over agamft the Caftle of Emenierg. As foon as I had delivered a 
Letter to Mr. joh„ Framk, Comptroller of the Mine for his Catholick 
Majejly, he went along with us, to tbew us the manner how the Cad- 
mia grows m the Earth, and other Curiofities. This A/z^^ having been 
wrought Three hundred years, and being one of the n)oft remadcable 


of that kind, it may not be impertinent to let rlovin f..r^ '~~x 

concerning it. It is about eighteen or nineteenT^ Ic f ^'1'''"'";? 
open like a Chalk Mine, of an Ovil Finre H?., < '"'y^ '"§ "'^ 

veral places, and the bJft C L., s bf tw^ n S 1F'^ "' ''-''"! '" ^^^- 
part of the Mine .- They have now LnTan "x e if u /" 'T ^r^^^f 
ofdeven or twelve Foot thick, wluch th^^'S'^J^'p f''''^' 
With fome difficulty, by reafon that the J^j:^tl^l^,^^^'';±^^'!^ 
The CO our ot this Ston, is of a dark yelloJand ..7and ha h 7 ^ 
natural Brim/lone mixed thinly in it. Tlie t'eins'oi rh. r "" ?^ 
^...m, being fo large, they fallow them not ;;-no„ere''f " 
digg over o.e anotliers heads,and frame their work into tie fc "'. 
large ^-/jyrx, and one throws up what another ncic Tc^^ ^^ 
till they lade the C.rts with it. S me o^thc r J ^^ ' ' u ^'\ T'''^ 
dark brown ; and there arc ^/. J b" ^ce ^hc C^^^^^^^^^ ''o^^K'''^ 
handU.mly figured, but moft of a hlackilh c Tour The ? I /""'' 
the Mine the moit remarkable, are thele x An 0. Ji ! /" / T 
Earth, which moves the Fu.,/s to pump out the IZ^ f'^, '" '^'' 
placed in the Mi.e but on one fule oHr ZV r ' ^"'^ ''"^ """^ 
^/.«. to the bottom ot it by wlS the Mine is ^f ^'^ ^ T °^' '^'' 
P^^ or cunicu,.^ out of tl^^ p| ce wherf X^ 
lets out the ../.. which turns the , J'/, and .ho the 7^^^^^ ^r'^i" 
comes out oi' the Mine into the NciahbouniPi^ /'.^Sv ^ ""'l''^^' 
ot the Ore or Stone, whicli they perfoTm a .t otS 'worH^w 'r^'"'^ 
the ,../.r over it, and ftirrina it J and thisthev dn 1n r ^ ^''?"S 
begin to work near the Superffcies of the £ J, for th re" eT/ '^'^' 
lets, and more mixed with c/;y and Euth • bur r'l n. T'-^ "* 

^w,f IS the calcining of the Orl r^or al our IJ rT^- ^^^^^'■^"^^^ 
Shops is the calcij Cal.eO ^^^ ^lZ^^l^:^TZy\.^ 
Fi^gotsm a hmdiome order firil, and cover a lar^e rl'" ? 7^ '^ , 
them, o about Forty or Fifty ya;ds Du.eter^ ^^ ^ ^f^ 'r^' 
Charco.1 in as good an order, till all be cove ed' and fi led up % v^^^ 
from the ground ; tlien they place ranks of th-^ hr "eft SI ln?r ^ 
a.d ^.rdiem lmaner,till the? h .e laid all on ^^^t t^:^: 
to the io torn, the>. comes to each .7..., and all is handfomlv d'^ 
'led. They make Cahney alfo about two En.liih miles fmn/v// 
m C...«./.. Tliey make it after this manned Tl.etakeSeottS 
of the y^/.«.^ lometimes they waih it, and fome times not thev burn ir^ 
diey do Koft. Then they take it, and beat it in p ece 'w ii a n lal it 

comToXIhe be^ f'"' T' ''"" ^-^y^^^roi^^: ^^^ 
commonly the belt. From hence we went to Limlurz meeti-a wirl, 

divers W/..r. upon the Road,^vho defir.d monev of ut b^t d d noT t- 

tempt any thing againft us, we being many of us^ogether L Compa: 

Limlurg is feated upon a high Rock, which overloolis all the Cr^nr. 
try and a httle R^err^s almo'it round it at theX.l" Th" SZ '^'-'^ 
to the Low. on th« North-fide is diificuk all alo g upon the edzec^lhe 
Rock ■ and the Gate of the Tou^n, over which is The GovZlr\ Sni 
fpr^ads It ll-lf t>om one fide of the W to the otht. a^d^ ^t 
p£age. Here we IIkw our Pajfports from the Spamib Plenipotentia! 

way we faw where the Prench Army had pa.ied tiie Country toward" . 




^■' !' 






A Journey from Colon in Germa ny to London. 

'l^i^ZM^A^^g^^^out a Fortnight at rochet, after the taking oi Ahe- 

^'slus a neat T/Z/^z^ in the Forest of Ar^e>f»a, feated in a Sottom, 
cn2m4J on all 'fides wkh /////., and on the North deep 
AlZtLs. So that it Imppening to rau. while we were there, the 
p ace was, in fome hours time filled with water, the Uay wa hed out 
oUhc Madows, the falls in the Rrjer made even, and Pohunt one 
of the jyh.eral Fountains, was drowned. There was not much Com- 
mnv when we were there, although it were in the hottell lime ot 
thevear which is moft fealbnable for drinking the imters; by reafon 
of the wars, and the danger of coming through the Country to them 
But in Spa it feif all people are free from danger f the Neighbour mg 
Ynnces proteding it, and would count it very dilhonourable to difturb 
a place which by the -Jirtue of its Mineral Springs, is fo beneficial to 
Mankind. Thefe iraters are not only drunk upon the place, but are 
alfo fealed up in Bottles, and fent into many parts of Europe. And Mr. 
C..«./.^/, at whofe //.«/. we lodged, told me that he lent it as far as 
Salagoi['a in Spain : and that he had at .hat time Thirty thoufand ^.z- 
ties enipty, and waited for a good feafon to fill them, which is the 
hotteji, dry eft time of the Summer, and the bar deft Froft ^^^^'^ter ■ af 
which times the ivater is ftronge(i, Iparkling, and hr.sK. The chieteft 
of thefe [Mineral Fountains are thefe, Geraifter, Savmtere, Fonnelet, and 

^'ceronfter is in the middle of a thick mod, about an Englijh mile 
and a half Southward ot the Spa ; it is the ftrongeft ot any, and t>3e 
belt adorned, being built up with uone, and a Favilion over it, lup- 
ported with four handfom Hone Pillars. There is a green place clear- 
ed in the iVood near to it, and a little I/ouJe for the Fu^knts to warm 
themfelves in, early in the morning, or in cold weather. The Arms of 
Sr Conrade £ourgsdorjf,who adorned this Fountain, are placed over, 
on two fides : and on the other two this hjcnption in French, and 
Fligh-dutch, in a handfom Oval. 

Le Reverendifme © Excellent Fj^me Sr Sr Conrade BourgfdorfT, 
Grand Chan^berlan,^ premier ConjeiUer d'Eftat, Colonel (3 Couverneur 
General de tous les Forts & Forterejj'es da Serenijfme Elecleur de Bran- 
debourg dans foa EHat Eletioral, Grand Frexoft des Eglifes Cathedra- 
les ^'Halberftadt (^ Brandebourg, Chevalier de I Ordre de St. Jean, Cs" 
Commandeur du Badlage deljigo^;degros Machenau, Golbcck, Bouc- 
kow, Oberftorff, (^c <<2c. iSc 

This Fountain fmells very firong of Erim[lone, and caufes vomiting 
in a great many, yet palfes chiefly by Z^rme, as they do all ; and 
ftrikes a purple with Nut-galls more inclining to red, than the waters 
of tunlrtdze. The Sediment is of a light blew in the Fountain, but ot 
a dark, dirty red every where elfe. Not tar from this is another 
large Spring in the Wood much like it,but not as yet built and beautifi- 

'savtniere is another Fountajn^ik\cm^ as far from the Spa Eailward, 

and built after the manner of a Toiler : the Jcidula are not fo ftrong 

as the iormer. There is another tauntain hard by this, olmoft the 

lame, held to be particularly good for the Stone and Gravel. 

^ ' The 

A Jdurney from Colerl in Germany to Londons 


The third is T^/zw^/^'r, arifing in the Meadow^ and built up with ^^'"^^^''f* 
{tone : But being there are no Trees nor Shades about it, it is not fo de- 
lightful as the others. And Henrkm ah Heers in his Spadacrene faith 
that this is more nitrous than the reft, and caufes fuch a coldnefs in the 
mouth and siom.icb^ that few can drink of it. 

The fourth is Pohuntf in the middle of the Town^ from whence moft /../^^^^^ 
of the }vater is drawn which is fent abroad, if no particular one be fent 
for. This was beautified with handfome Stone-mrk^ by tiie Bilhop of 
Liege^ to whom this place belongs, and this Iijcrfptwn (etover it, iV 
nitati Sacrum. It is alfo called the Fountain of St. Remaclus^ to whom 
it was dedicated ; and thefe Ferfts are likewife engravea upon it : 

OhJiruB:ttm referat^ durum ter/t^ humida ficcat 
DebiU jortificat^fi tamen arte bibu. 

Being at the Spa^ we vifited Franchimont one Afternoon ; pafling 
through a thick W(od^ there is an old Caftie, and good Brimjione and ji,e making of 
Vitriol works^ the fame Stone affording both ; and I prefume may alfo Bnmjhne. 
make the Spa-wa^er under ground, or at leaft be a prmcipal Ingredient 
in it. We faw the manner here how they melted, and caft their Brim- 
Jlone firft into great Pails^ the florid and clear parts remaining at the 
top and middle, the thick and more obfcure fubfiding and adhering to 
the bottom and fides, and is that which is fold for Sulphur P'injum. ^e 
law alfo the manner of cafting the Brimjione into Rolls^ox Magdakons r 
And near unto this place a fmoaking, burning,Iittle /////, which is thus 
caufed : They throw out the burnt Pyrites^ out of which Bnmffone 
hath been diftilled, and the Fitriol drz^^n out by infullon, upon this 
Hill ; which confiits all of the fame matter, and ferments in time, 
grows hot, fmoaks and burns perpetually, and withal drinks in a new 
Vitriol into its felf 

From the Spa we crolled over to Fra'ont, a Village feated upon the 
pleafant River Vta^ or Ourte^ where we took Boat and went down a 
rapid Stream^ vet one of the pleafanteft I ever faw,winding and turning 
between many green Hills, in part of the Forejl oi Ar duenna. We de- 
fended afterwards thirty or forty fmall Falls in a long Boat made on 
purpofe. The Oar or Paddle being only a fquare piece oi Board fix- 
ed to the end of a Pole^the Pole ftanding perpendicularly in the middle 
of it. The delightful River Vefa^ or the Wejdret ^(oon met us, and joyr- 
ing together,we fell down with them into the Maes near LiegeXJ^otx 
the Banks of thefe Rivers all the Arms^ Guns^ and other Injlrumtnts are 
made,for which the Country of Liege is remarkable. 

Liege^ Luick., Leodium^ or Augnjia Ehwonum ; Learned Men think Ucg^ 
this C iry to be feated near that Vally^ wherein two Legions oi Julius 
Cicfar, under Sabinus and Co/ta^ were deftroyed by Amtionx^ chief 
Commander of the Eburones. It is lea ted upon the River Mofa^ which 
entring with two Streams^ makes ibme pretty Ijlands. Three other 
faiall Rivers arifing in the Foresi^ of Ardenna, are alfo here received 
into the Maes^ whereby they have plenty of Filh and other Convenien- 
cies. The City is very populous, and fo it hath been in former 
Ages,when as Charles Duke oi Burgundy, idiQked it,and deftroycd an hun- 
dred thousand of the people. 

Bb ^ 



r- If 

f.r. ^_ 




' ; .V 


A Journey from Colen /« Germany to Londog 

It abounds with kir Churches, ftsrely -.« w., and /f./,.,.«, Fo";;;; 
danons, nchly endowed, fo that it hath been called the Parld.Tf 
/•j^T, and .s in that kind the mod notable in all thefe parts Th{ 
Pakce of the Bifhop is a noble Fabrick built bv r^rHmoi r j 

SVlht'^^f J)f ''?'''-' ''''' the Na^t'of St^^'rif^^^^^^^^ 

thc%fZ{ °irt1 " •" T '""'■^'^''^ ^y ^""^^ ^"d others, abou? 
the > ear 6zz. The Sea was afterwards tranllated unto ne,, by ^"l 

nil I • r r ^/^"^.^jl ""to this Church, u hich is at prcfent very 
nob^ being built of a reddifh Stone, very much carved withoS and 
handfomly adorned within. Between the Q,.re and^ 'ht 
Injcnption in very large Letters : ^ /» " '""• 

D. 0. M, 

Intemerat^ Virg,ni Mmx, S..&0 Lamberto, EccH^ &Pa(r}a 
DtvaTutelanhus Max.milianus Henricus utnuj\ue Bavariar D«?^,1 
.^.M^^.. (^ £/.^/., Colonienfis, Ep^fcopu. # /'r.^? Leod^ent 
Eniefti fe Ferdinandi Bavar.;E £)«.««,, £^,/c.;.r«^ ^ /..^c/P^rLeS 
M D^L^^nr ^ ■^"' "^" ^ J>re7eJl^rum memorZTon]tl 

.n^r!5'n°/^' ''"'^/ri:^- °f great riches and power,and have the Electi- 
on o the Bi/hop and Prince, who hath alfo had th; Titles of Duke of 
W.«,Marquifsot/-r.«c^,«„«,,and Count of Z....and HaflTa. In 

/!?;r.^^w";^''"'-''^' P'^^^^"^ Eledor of Colen and Biihop of 
x-zf-^tf, I find this Infcription. "imop oi 

Maximilianus Henricus Dei gratis Archiepifcopus Colonienfis Epir- 
ccpHS ^ Fnnceps UoditnCis^S up rem us Bulloncnfis La-. ' ^^ 

f AfT vf ^'^.'""P of Z/fg.,bought the Principality of Z.W. of C.^^ 
/ry; of^.«.//.«, when he went to the Holy La J: And in thf TreaX 
oiCan^iray 15^9 the polFeilion of i?.«4., and precedency of Tlc^ 
was granted to the Bilhop of L.ege, altho Joh a' this tTme alio the 
Houfes of Z<2 Tour and Mark do bear the fame 

Ot the Parilh Churches that of St. Joh» ard of <^t c,.. r 
ftir. Or.he Abbej^tha, of Se. J.coi wS the Town jfrf s? 
iowMff, built by Blfllop Ratimrdu, upon an Hill nnr „l' ,h. T 
arc nobk. There is alio a College of S/* lelu terull t, } °*"' 
a HUl. where the Garden is hanlon, ^niVt^ll^^tZl 

; bmr',rthrchurch o'^^x^c'/"^ ^" ^'«'''* ^^-y ^-s^r:! 

ly uuur. in tne Church ot the Guhtlmtlcs, out of the Town lies th,. 
Body ot ™r famous Country-man Sir John, uhrafter he 
had travelled through many parts, took an a&aion unto thfs place 

iug Tutor to or., the 'third, l-efctlrd ^^n^f y^mu^^S't^i^';!'?- 
to repa,r and budd divers Churches, and , ndow^l^m'wS, r?ch ReV^ 

-^ Journey fmn Colen /tz Gcraiany to London, 


nues, and let the River Maes into the Town, which before ran upon 
one fide of it. 

As their Churches are fair and numerous, (bo are their Bells and 
Chimes remarkable. In the Cathedral of St. Lamlert there arc eight 
large Bells, and twelve lefler ; and there is one lb great, as it is faid to 
require Twenty four men to ring it. In the Cliurch of St. Paul the 
Bells and Chimes are confiderable ; as alfo at St. Lawreme and the 
crowed Friars. It is alfo an Univerfity, and m as fo famous in former 
Ages,that they ftill take notice that at one time there have teen Nine 
Sons of Kings, Twenty four Dukes Sons, Twenty nine of Counts, be- 
fides many of great Barons Students therein. 

Their Speech here, as alfo at Spaxv^ is called Roman^ and is a kind of 
old French^ or Dialed: of that Languag ', a great part of which is made 
upofZ^r/^, or Roman words: and they coll the Neighbouring Lan- 
guage of the Dntchj Tu/fcon. But many fpeak very good French. 
They bavefome Vineyards affording a fmall Wine. Tne Hills about 
furnifli them with Quarries of good Stone, and of feveral kinds They 
have alfo divers Mines and Minerals, and great quantity of Pit-coal for 
Fire, in fome places fetched deep out of the Earth, in others nearer the 
Surface : and in o^^e place I faw them beginning to dig where they im- 
mediately found Coal. Their Pumps and Engines to draw out the 
water, are very confiderable at thefe Mines ; in fome places moved by 
Wheels, at above a Furlongs diftancc, to which they are continued by 
ftrong Wood-work, which moves backw^ards and forwards continu- 

The 0>W(?/ (lands upon a Hill, and is of great Strength; It was 
built to keep the City oi Liege under Subjedion. For 1649. there 
being fome difturbances in the City, Ferdinand^ the Eled"or of Colen^ 
offering to come into the Town to appeafc it, was oppofed by the Con- 
ful, Jacobus Hennet^ who was foon after Jurprized and beheaded toge- 
ther with S^r,'Wow^«j Rdandus \ the Conlul having fworn the E- 
ledlor ihould never come in whilft he were alive. And thtCittadel 
foon after was ordered to be built. The Bridges are handfom : that 
over the great Stream of the Maes is very broad and fair, and hatli 
large Arches. From hence we could read the Eledror's name upon the 
Cittadel, Maximil/ams^ although it were at a very great diflanee, the 
Letters were fo large. 

From JL/(?^^ we had a plcafant paflage down the Water to Mae- 
ftreichty parting by Argentau^ a Callle leated upon a high Rock on the 
right fide of the River, belonging then to the King o{ Spain^ afterwards 
by yichet in the halfway, and then by Navagne^ a ftrong Fort in the 
Maes^ which command^^ the River, and at that time did the Spa- 
niard fervice ; then by plealant Rocks on our lelt hand, wherein many 
Cuts and pallages have been digged till we came in fight of Maelirekht. 

This Town having been a little before taken from xhQVnited States 
by a iharp Siege, was full of French^ and had a Garrifon in it of about 
ten Thoufand men ; and in the Market-place ftood about Two hun- 
dred large Fieldpieces. We law the places where they made their 
Batteries and their Mines, the Out- works were very numerous, and 
many of them undermined. Colonel Storjf iliew'd us a handfom 
Draught of all the Works, Approaches and Manner of taking of the 



i^o A Journey from Cokn in Germany to London. 

*^ ' 




> ■ 

Vof^ston^^**'' ■ ^'^^^^ ^ quarter of a Mile out of the Town we went into the great 
Quarry of Stone, which is one of the noblefl; fure in the World, ^ Be- 
tween Farloj and Ficenza I had formerly fecn the famous Cave oiCw 
jloza^ or Cuhola^ faid to be above Five hundred Fathoms in breadth, and 
Seven hundred in length, but this doth far furpafs it : tlie Roof is very 
high and Ibtely in moil places, the Pillars not to be numbred,all very 
large ; we palled two miles under ground amongll them : No Laby- 
riHtbc^n be contrived more intricate, and yet all parts are uniform. 
The Floor all in a level, and the Roof\n moft places of the lame height* 
and lb much Inch that uniform rule, which I fuppofe was fet to thofe 
who firft digg'^d, and fo hath fuccellively been oblcrved, added to the 
beauty of this place, that there is fcarce any thing more noble. It put 
me in mind of the hundred Chambers of Nero^v^\{\c\\ he caufcd to be 
made under Ground in the Bocks at Bans, And the Water which we 
met with in one place, made me think of Aer^^'s admirable fijh-pond, 
built in the like manner within the Earth. We came out again near 
to a Convent upon the Banks of the River^ and returned by w^ater to 

The next day we parted Company. Mr. Newton, Mr Et trick, Mr, 
Crovey Mr. Carlton, and Mr. Newcomb went for Aken and Colen ; Mr! 
Bates and Mr. Dajhn went up the River again to Liege, at which 
place, Haying a day or two to find a convenience to pals to Bruffels 
we were nobly entertained at a Dinner with Venijon^ Wild-boar, and 
other Dijles, by that worthy Perfon and Learned Mathematician 
Francifcus Slufius, one of the great Canons di Liege, who alio continued 
his high Civilities to us to the lall M nnte we flayed in Town* 

Leaving Liege we foon came in fight of Tongres, or Tungrorum o^ 
pidum^ the molt ancient place in all thefe Countries. Ortelim would 
have it to be called of old ^r^^/i/r^.- It was a ftrong hold before the 
coming of JuUhs C^far into Gaul, and was afterwards made a Roman 
Station, and in procefs of time became fo great, that Attila the Hun de- 
ftroyed an hundred Churches in it, it being at that time a Bijhops See 
which in the year 498 St. Servajius removed unto Maejheicht. Many 
old Coins and Antiquities are Hill found here ; and part of an old Chap- 
pel, faid to be built by St. Maternus, Dilciple to St. Feter, is ftill re- 
maining. When the King of France made his great mroad into the 
LoiV'Countries, 167%. he borrowed this Town of the Eledor diColoone 
and then palTed on to Mafetck, where crolfing the Country to the 
Rhine, by the fides of thefe great Rivers, Rhine and Maes, he made 
that notable /^cw///^;?, and quitted not tongres till he had taken Mae- 
jheicht the year following. Wc dined this day at Bcrchloe. and lodg- 
ed at St. Iruyn, or St. truden. a handfome little Tvvon, fo called from a 
Church and Abbey herein dedicated to that Saint. 

The next day we dined at Tienen, or lilmont, on the little River 
Geet, once one of the chief Towns in Brabant, but long i1nce decays 
cd. In thefe Plain Countries, in many places we faw Imall Hills, or 
Sepulchral Eminences of the Ground \ And near unto the Walls of Tie- 
nen, are three very remarkable ones, laid to be the Tombs of great Com- 
manders. In the Evening we came to lovain. 

Lovain is the chid City of that quarter of 5rj/^;;/, which compre- 
hendeth Arfchot, Halen, and Judotgne ; an ancient and large City 
pleafantly fcated upon the River Dele ; it is of great Circuit%nd the 




A Jorirney from Colcn in Ger many to London. i 9 1 _ 

comf>al\ of the ,P.z// accounted aboveM n„les about : but there are ma- 
ny 'void 5pur«, mis,ndrl^,^nA Garrlem^'ithvn it, which makes it 
verv pleafant and deHght!uh Tlicre are herein d;vers go: d £W^/.gs 
Comcnn^^nd Churches : the cb.iet uhereo is the ftate y Chunl^o^^. 
Peter, the Coriverft of the Carthnjum, the H<>jpitaL The pubhck Pa- 
lace or Semte-houfe is alfo Noble. , . , , ,,•,•• 

It is the crreat rjntverfuy of thefe parts, faid to have its beginning 
about 926. %ut endowed bv 7«/« the Fourth, Duke o BraLwt, ana 
confirmed by Pope Mart., the Fifth, 1425- There are forty three Col- 
lew in it • whe:eof the four chief are i //i«w, ta co, Call rum, I- areas. 
Goropim Bccanus, a Learned Man, and Native of Em^eh afhrms. 
That no Vnrjerjity in Italy, France, Gerrr,ar,y, or 5^./«, is to be compa- 
red unto it for its elegant and pkalant Situation. The Vmverfity is un- 
der the Government of a /V.<?<r,w ho IS in great efteem and honour a- 
mong them. This Vmverfity hath produced many Learned Men • 
But neither the BuiUivg^ of the Colleges; nor their End<n.mey,ts do e- 
qual thole of our 7Jm'^%rfmes, and the Situation thereof feems not to 

exceed that of ^^xf^r*^. - ^ , 

We travelled f om hence to Br4eK being moft part of t!;e w^ay in 
the ffght of the very high Tower of the Church of St. Romhald at Mach- 

""count Monterei was then Governour of the LowCoun'ries, and re- 
fided at Brui[els, the ordinary Scat of the Governour s of the Spanilh 
Netherlands; w hich City he had taken care to fortihe, and to make it 
moretenable, ifitfhould be attempted by the F/-e«ck 

7roTBru(rds^z palled to Anmerp, where we were handfomely 
treated bv M?. Wautels and Mr. Hartop, and having vifited lome of our 
Sends the next day we palled tlie River Schdde, and took Coach m 
^le Sorn n<^, tTavellLg through a fruitful, plain, Hat Country fet with 
rowrof r";;. in moft places, and arrived in the evening at Ghent. 

Gat Gandavurr., or Ghent, is efteemed to be the greateft aty, not o,.,, 
oZTplanders h^t oi^\\ the Low Countries, and challenges a place 
amL° ft tS g^^^^^^^^ but at prefent It decreafes and de- 

cXtlKrthan encrcaies. And ifC/..r/« the Fifth were now alive 
he could not put Par.s into his Gant, a greater Glove would not ht that 
Citv whSislb much increafed fmce his time. In G/;.«. are many 
nS CO Tents, among which the Jefu^tes is one of the faireft : There 
IS a cS^ ' alib of En^nih Nuns. The Cathedral is ftately, and the 
r/u^fr if longing to it being very high, gives a prolped of a pleafant 
fndtVuiul Country round about it. There are divers Piazza s large 
and tlTr in one of which ftands a large gilded Statua^ ^f'''.$Z 
Fifth Emperor and King oi Spain, who was born in this City. Th* 
whofe Ss generally well built, and the; are fair and clean, 
tL mXI? hereof- have been taken notice of to be extream ly g. 
,,nLsMon, and for their lakes a great many "^^er ^^^l^X^f'' 
rope are punilhed, and have in a manner totally oft tneir Liberties 
S the JZ^^r.//, to curb the Seditious humour of the People o Ghent, 
were pu^upon th; Invention of building Cittadels in C.t,es, whereby a 
Tew ^STare able to fupprels any Com^.of.n, or beat down the 
-r r^ r\^^r here 1 faw t^f:. firft Cittadel that was built in Lurope oy 
cS?.h"Kfth ltt"cda^e. and the B.,t-.« l>«lc, and though of 



-1gr:::i:;^»^;\ :^\ 









IJo^'eiJro^^UAaun Germany « 10^1^^ 

From 67j(f>f/' wc pa/fed by uater -^hnur T... 
fi-r., a very elegit largc^Cuy „d "J^'if'^?^* ™'" •" 
Trade, being within three League of rl,eiwl,fc 'T^ Srcnt 
tlieir highell /!«,/y„j;, ,|,e Sl.ioi nnH7. s, i' '" "'".' ''■'-™ d's tops of 

an,e t,„,e a Fleet „f i.ips and "^ arge ¥eS ,r„;''^^'''=',-'r'' " ""= 
Coumry.coraes under your eve hklZP, "','"""'''''. Pleafa.-t 
and deep c,>rf.„. TlJcZZl/s a „„'"*' "'?, '^<"'« °f ^«* 

;WA„d they arc at'X^t^J-tT^^^^^^^ 

<^'y/^'^^ IS about Ten E-g-n/p miles from « • r. r j 
v^avesofthe Gern,.n Ocean wSuafh^rf ^ ' u^'"'^ °P°" ^^'^ 

And they have now contrived kfo a' ^e7^^^^^^^ '" ""'^ ^de: 

the Town for a great fnace u-hX.h, / ^''^ ^''^ m aJmolt round 

and delenfible tlfan bet?' For u h „ tl^rr '^"^^^ '"^^ ^^^"5 
what It was when it was b^fieg'd by A ch H I TP ''' ^"^ '^""^'^^^^^ 

terthreeyears4e,fcan'no;bu^f:n,^,\" ^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

plies from ^.g/W, and the obrtmate Valour of rn"?"", ''^'^^'' ^"^- 
cialJy thc^.^/>//, under Sir /-r^^c/. /> " c/ ^f . De[endants, efpe- 

the states of the ^...W /V.w/and / 5' "2'^"^/" '^^'^ ^^"^^ '^f 
1 he S^^^^^r^s porrel. no other P., ^n ^.f^rbl"';'^"" 'V'^"'^' ' 
and this being tiie moft conHderable they aTe now m'""'^ ^'"'^'"'' ' 
a>ge and are "Pon a confderable WorkTn 0X^0^1;^ ''^'^ ^^'^"^'' 
their Ships over into that Cut vv hich aoes from n// / """^^"^ cf 
o ;he;r Harbour, by the means of a Cy JrZ Ik \ ""'"^"^ °"^ 
i\-u-r, wJuch is to communicate with borlf. u hts .""I ^^^^^P^^'^ "f 
cd, may be very advantageous to t^^ n^c;^]T^;J'^'' V" ^'^^ 

^^r i;^^^/lS f;:^;?Z^:^^^:^ A^^^-, a hand, 
great number of fniall Ships in tl p // 7 :., ^^^''^ ^'^^^ ^'^^n a 
the Battel of Ne.potl fought he by '1/? . ^'"^ ?^^.^^ ''' ^'^'^' ^or 
wherein the 6W7. Forces In fl^Lj '^^'^"'T'^' =>"J Count ^/^;,.>,^, 
the Field was duet to tTe j.i^^^^^^ '^^^^ '^ '^^ J^onour o 

t-calthough there l^ath b^i^^T bS^'d^^^^^^^^^^ -^-'» 

tiiere hath not been fo confiderable a / .r^l r '""^'^ Quarters, yet 

£"g,'^/h had aifo the fortune to do ^rt s "■"" ^"'"' "^'^'^^"Sii the 
called the Battel of th^ w2y.,tl^? 'aHf h"?'^"^ ^I- t'S^^ 

^-/.i., where at prefeift tl. re s J. V^r^ otT'^^ A '.^"^ ^"^° mark, vvith fome lew Guns mL teS^' rf^ '^""'V^' 
more mto the Land, being demoliihed ^^'^ ^''^''" ^°«' 

A Journey from Colcn /,; Germany to L on Jon. ,5, 

fpaiSti'jTrrdSS^S^He "(7' '"'" "^^^ 
finiihed a noble cittM, begunChc ^"S\vl,^^ V"'' "'"■ 
■n their pon-effion, whrcl', ha^th the Z cn'if f d of i '"tl,e ^i" "''= 

fsTt'StiritdYr ' "T^^* •"= Land,;tid,\^ht S's 

is at >^uth-weft, doth fomewhat annoy it: To prevent whirls rl,„ 

vej; la"£"a„Tre B f " ^'"''f^]- ^"^ "'^^ Forrifat^? t 
vLry large , and the Baftion towards the North the moft ftatelv THp 

Port IS large and capable of receiving a gnat numbe^of Ships but at 

ow water it is almoft dry ; and there are fo many Sa'ds before it tha 

F omT/^^^ ^"^ comes not in any depth within a mile of t. 

From Dunhrk we travelled by Land to Graven^, where the Works 
a e of Earth, large and high, the Church ftately, the Streets b oad bu 

wf2t' rV'"^ f '"t''' "°^ P°P"^°"^- The MarquisT^,?/-^^-''""^ 
V /T "-^^r'"''' and my Lord Ruterf.rd with his Scotch and 
£.^/.^, came before Gra.eli„^, upon the fixteenth of .^W/, S' and 
carried the place m twelve days time; Don anJhphil/eManzue^ 

vrredTbT;he"/"77"^'^V" ^^^'^"^^ ^'^^-^ ^'^^ '^^' "ST 
vered up by the French to the Spaniards x6^%. 

trom (7r^T;.'/i»^ I came to Calais, from whence fetting Sail in the 
morning, we came to Dover, and the fame day to London. 

C t 

■ ■■.M^f /'*-:r^ "■ 

Mg ' 








T O 


N O A 

Travelled fome years fince, between Fenke and Genoa, 
through many Countries of early Civility, feated in 
the middle of the temperate Zone, in a fruitful and 
happy Climate -, affording plentifully all NccelFaries 
for Life ; and through Countries which have not only 
been confiderable for their copious production of Corn, 
Fruit, Silk, Wine and Oyl, but alfo for having been 
very fortunate in all Ages, for brhjging into the World Perfons of great 
Fame and Renown, who have rendred this Trad: of Earth more than 
ordinarily remarkable for great Adions in all times. The memory of 
which is tlill preferved not only in their Writings, but alio in their 
fplendid Buildings, and Antiquities ; though no parts have taOed more 
deeply of the dangerous variety of fortune, thefe having luffercd the 
irequent Incurfions of many fierce and warlike Nations. Having 
therefore formerly enjoyed fuch variety of obfervable Objeds, I could 
not remember this Journey without fome confiderable fatisfaction, ef- 
pecially having at the fame time had the good luck to travel a great 
part of it with my worthy friends, Sir IVillum Trumhull, ^\x.Soarr,t:f, 
Dr. PJman, Dr. James, and Mr. Dajhvood, which mikes me bold, 
uix)n the opportunity of this fecond Impreffion, to add further this 

ihort Account. 

■ We palTed from Venice to Paioa by water up the Itrcam ot the 
plcafant River Bre^t, having all day longHoufesof Plealure, and well 
built Palaces on each hand of us. We entered this River near Lizafu^ 
fuuj, five Miles from /V>?/c'f; where formerly a Wheel, or Engine was 
placed, to convey the Veflels into the River. The Venetian having 
loi>^ fince flopped up the entrance of the Erenta, left that by the con- 
tinual Delcent of the Water, the Stream, and Channel might be di- 
nnnilhed, loft, or altered ; and the palfigcs for their Vcllds rendred 
dan^^erous, or inconvenient ; but this is otherwik contrived at prelcnt, 
and'tour large Locks or SoHegni are made ule cf, both to keep up the 
M utcr, and to facilitate the pairage of the Vefiels. Thcfc arc placed at 

A Journey from V^cnicc to (icnon. 


Stra^Dob^ Mira^ww^ Moranzju, and arc very remarkable, con/ideriprf 
that the River in thefe places is locked up, a-'d tlic Vdli'ls which arc 
to pafs arc brought in between great Gates ; and the water let in or our 
as tliey have occation to pafs up or Ao\\>x\ the River. 

The landing-place at Fadoav>, handfomly ft-t off with llonc fleps p.xd^.t 
continued^ for a long fi ace, along the fide ot the River, alter ti e 
manner of the landing-place at (jbcnt, and fome other elegant Cides oi' 
the Low Countries, Ihc outward Wall is ftrong, being v\ eJl lr)rtifictl 
according to the Modern Rules of Fortification, in the timeof Z,c.v;/,/;-. 
do Loredaro^ Duke of Fentce ; and to render it more ftrong, the Ri- 
vers ot Brenta and Bacchi^lione are let into the Town Ditch. *The in- 
ward Wall is now moft confiderable for its Antiqujty, and tor retain- 
ing the name cf its rounder ; it being ftilj called .V,v/cw.ri|j Wail : [r 
contains a tar lefs fpace of ground than the tbrmer, -P././^u being built 
in this refpedt like to the City of Aix la Cha^elle^ or Akcn^ havin^^ 
GWneTown within another. ' " ^ 

That Tat avium, or Vadoa is one of the oldefl Cities of Europe^ built 
prelently atter the Trojan War, is contelled by Ancient Writers'- and 
fo generally believed of old, that Livy lays it down ibr the Ground- 
u^ork of his Hiftory ; beginning in this manner, Jam pmmm omnmm 
Jatis conflate Troja capta^ &c, i. e. 

In the firft place it is lliificiently manifeft that Troy being taken, the 
Gr^cijwi executed the utmoft of their rage upon the TV^/u/yj-, ^-Eneas 
and Antenor only excepted, by realon of their ancient triendfhip with 
the Greeks ; and in refpedt that they had always endeavoured to make 
Peace, and reftore //^/drw^. After various tbrtunes, Antenor brcut'iit 
a great Number of xh^ Eleneti, who having loft their King Pylemon 
at the Wars of Troy, and being driven out of Fapblagoma, by a Fa- 
ction, were now feeking new Seats and a Captain to lead them ; and 
came along with them to the bottom of the Adriatkk Gulf, drove out 
the Eugemans who inhabited between the Sea and Alpes, and eftabliih- 
ed the Tro ans and the Heneti in thofe Countries. 

Martial d(o fainting Flaccus^ a Fadoan Potty calls him, 

FlaccCy Antenorei fpes ^ Alumine harts. 

And that you may more firmly give credit to it, you may further 
alfo have the authority of a Goddefs for it ; for Venus is introduced 
cxpoftulating in thefe terms with Jupiter^ in the behalf of ^Eneiu. 

Quern das finem. Rex magne, malorum ? 
Antenor potuit, medi/s elapjus AchiviSy 
Jllyrkos penetrare JinuSy atqus intima tutus 
Regna Lihurnorum, et fontem fuperare Timavi ; 
TJnde per or a novem vajto cum murmure mantis 
It mare proruptum^ et pelago premit arvajonanti: 
Hk tamen rile urbem Pataviyjedefque locavit 
Tcucrorum^ et genii nomen dedityarmaque fixtt. 

Virgil, ^neid. 


C c 

I. e. 




A Journey from Venice to Genoa 

1. e. 

What time, great King, fliall terminate our wees ? 
Safe could Anterior break through all his foes, 
Pierce to the bottom of the Illynan bay, 
View Kingdoms, where Lihum'ian Princes fway ; 
Pals the nine mouths of fierce Timavus weaves. 
Which rores upon the hills and o'er the valleys raves, 
And there could fix ; and on that foreign ground, 
Great Padods tow'rs. for after ages found ; 
New name the people, and free from all alarms 
H|ng up, in peace, his confecrated arms- 

In thofe days when the art of Navigation was but in its infancy, and 
the Mariners very unwillingly parted w ith the fight of land, Antemr 
was forced to keep clofe, and creep along the Coaft of Peloponnejus^ 
and Eptrus^ and then fail by the IllyrLw, and Lihurman Shoars, which 
are very uneven and troublefom to deal with, being full of Creeks, un- 
fate Bays, Md Rocks ; befides very many Iflands of various iliapes 
Whereas iHie had croiled over to the Italian coall,lie had had a nearer 
voyage, and fayled with plealiire all along an even, bold, 


The people of Padoa,%x^ well pleaicd with the thoughts of their Ar- 
cient founders and Proi2,enitors, and they ftill preierve the tombci .„.. 
tenor^ near to which at^ prclcnt rtands the Church of vSaint La^vrev^r?., 
and in their publick fhows they will fliU be reprefentirg fomething ox 
Troy^ and the old Trojans'^ and in one place I law a horfe of wood, a- 
bout twenty foot high, in imitation of the old Trojan horfe ; bur. 3 
fuppofe,nothing near fo big as the firft original : Yet when I confider 
that above eleven hundred years alter the deftrud:ion of Zr^v, ^^ hen 
Touns and Buildings were very much amplified and improved, Pi m- 
fey coming in Triumph, could not enter even the great Triumphal 
gates di Rome it lelf in a chariot drawn by Elephants, an Animal ihat 
leldom or never comes to be ib high as this Horfe, it may well be fup- 
pofed that they could not have received, even this poor model of the 
firft great one into the old town of Iroy without pulling dov\ n their 

walls. '^' 

The City diPadoa was always a friend to the Romans^ and did them 
great fervice in their w^ars againll: the Qalli^ Semnes^ the TJmlnans^ 
Boiam^ hfuhres^ CimLrians and Carthaginians^ and ftuck clofe to their 
Interelt till the time of the declination of the Roman Empire ; When 
Attila the powerful King ot the Huns with fire and Iword dellroyed 
it ; and when after divers years it was rebuilt by the favour of Narjes^ 
the Eunuch, General to the Emperor Julliman, it was again lamenta- 
bly ruined by the Lvvgolardim Princes, who by Ihootang arrows, with 
firebrands fixed to them, let the City on fire, and took it. But under 
the Empire ot Charles the great, and bis luc^ellors, it arole out ot" its 
alhes again, and fiourilhed tor a long tune ,- beirg governed firft by 
Confuls, and then by a Podcfta, untill the time ot their dreadful Ty- 
rant £^c<?/7//?, who harrafled, banilhed, tormented, and n^aflacred the 
Inhabitants, cramming their own Wells -Authxn the City,tuil with their 


l//i' ir////\: rr^ l'i/-L/ur . 


r t 

' t 

\ '4' 

A Jonrney from Venice to Cicnoa. 


mancled bodies, and amon^il other (cvcrities, upon an an^ry diftafl, 
acrainil them, Hew ten thoufand oF them in one dav at l^cnnm. But 
notwithftanding thele cruelties, they recovered their hberry agam alter 
the death of £^c^///«, and by degrees became very powerluJ, having 
under their jurifdidion, Ficenza, I'erona, Trent, Trevijo, Ichre Bellu- 
no Ceneda, Seravalla, Choza, Bufwo, with its territories, all the J'ok' 
fwe or /'e«/«/«/^,and the greateft part ot Fnt,U, uitli other importani 
Places • when in tlic end, Alarfilio di Curaru made himieli Capitamn 
or Governor of the City. This noble Family or the Camirch, very 
powerful in thefe parts, came from their Caille oi hved m 
Padoa where they became very ccnriderable and iiding w ith ti c Pop^^ 
aeainil: the Emperor Frederick the fecond, tliey were dn\ en out by 
E-diin but when upon the luccelsful attempts of the lioryiu.i Legate, 
An(edin\ commander under Ezzdlim was overthrown, thev were 
again reftored, dignified, and tllabWhed in the government ol Fudoa ; 
which they polTelied, with (bme variety ot Fortune, trom one to ano- 
ther in their own Family, for about an hundred iears, in tiie conclu- 
fion of which, they were leized on by the f'enctmns, who thouglit rit 
to put Franajco Novella, and his Sons to death in tlie year 140,. And 
after this manner, by having totally extinguiilie.l the noble Family ot 
the Carrareli,\\''\x\\o\xi lear of any further claim,or difpute,thcy poliei!- 
edthemlclvcsoftheCity o^^Pado^, and hold it in their hands to this 

^The Buildings at Padoa, both publick, and private, are very ccnfide- 
rable • for moft of the City is buik upon Arclies, making handlcm 
Port /cos or cioyfters on each fide of the ftreet ; alter the manner ot the 
houfes in the Piazza of Convent Garden, which at all times atiord 
a good dcff^.c againil the Sun, and Rain,and many ot the houles are 
pamted on the outfide,with very good Hiftory-Painring in Frejco ■ their 
Churches are tair,and divers well adorned ; The Dome, or Cathedral 
Church is large, feated near the middle of the City ; endowed, and 
mishtily enriched by the Emperor Henry the tburth ; wliofe Emprefs 
Beru lies buried here- The Revenues of this Church at prelent arc 
reckoned to amount to jj hundred thoufand Crowns a \ear ; and be- 
fides the Monuments of many eminent perfons, they preierve here 
the body of St. Darnel, of Ordinal PHeo da Pratta, and ot Caruinal 

Francelco Zabarella. .^ , , re j ^a 

The Church of St. Antomo is vifited by perfons far and near, and ^-j. ^„,/,„,-, 
the exquifite Defign, artificial Carving in Marble the handlom Qiure church « ..- 
and rSi Ornaments make it worth the feeing. The top o the Church ^^- 
is made up of fix Oz/.^/Vs covered with lead; the Chappel ot St. Ante- 
mo is nobly fet out with twelve marble pillars,and a rich root. i5etvveen 
the Pillars are carved the miracles of this Saint, who lies interred un- 
der the Altar, upon which ftand kv^n Figures made by Titian Ajpctti 
a 20od (latuary of P^^/t;^, and behind the Altar there is a moixcxc-cl- 
X^tBaffo relievo Aonc by Sanfovinus, Tullim Lomhurdus, v^d ..m- 
pazna yeronenfis. Over againll the Chappel of bt. Antonio ftands the 
Chappel of Saint F^lix ; and his tomb nobly wrought, with coioureu 
marble, and the whole fplendidly adorned, with the paintings ot the 
hiahly celebrated Giotto. The chief ReliHues ,n this Church are tiie 
Tongue and Chin of St Antonio, ^Uoth dipped m the biocd ot our 
oaviour, Three thorns of his Crown, and a piece ol tlic wood o^ tiie 


..--, =^ ■-Jih.J* 





A Journey from Venice to Cicnoa. 

Crofs, fome of the hair and milk of the hXc^cA VIr.rm ^n i (X ^.~7' 
blood of the nnarks of St. Frana. Betc'c tt"^^ ^t'of^ fch ;ch 
there .s a handlom brafs ,Sratu« on H< rlcback, n>^re(lnt ^^t^c n ca 
l^ General G,tte^eU.S,. Aut no, h^•ecl (ix .Ind thirty vearfdv 
cd upon the thirteenth of >.-, 11:51, and was canon Jc^bvW 
Crs^ory the ninth in the City oi Spoleto, iz^-r ^^ ^ "P"' 

The convent of the black Monks of St. W./i>/ m,v compare wirh 
moft m /../, ,. and their Cl^urch dedicated to Sa.,. 67./?^? buikby 

and Martyr, daughter to of this Gtv ; ihi iuiirTd Marfw' 
dom in the time oM/..v«...., the Emperor. In this Church tJi^ e Tre 
ft 11 prelerved as they lay, the body of St. 7..x-., the Evrrnel of Sr 
^/.^/.^/^.,thc Apoftle,of two of the Innocent t h, Idren of /vS / 
the converter of thele Countries to the Chriftian FaTthand ttt7""' 
ofPa^oa ; of, their Ibcond R, hn. 1 ? r^ ^''^'"P' 

The Front of this Church lookfZ a 'Sus p ace catreTp'^f ^t 
/a r.I/e, where the Gentlemen meet in^herCoachcs in r I ^^ '^' 
for their pleaiure In a handfom room or bury 4' p.^^;^,™^^^ 

rumentsof the ^XocZ^^^^^ ^'^ ^^--^o- 

to y... King ofCjprL, and of /':;.:;%Ir^;i ^TpKIoSi?''" 

///^o«'f /I'/r.//,;. where there nrr rNirtv w . K'J-^f l.iiolopher 

ing. L. Certc del Capuan)o is fpk^did^ ami u^s' T P T'^' ''^' ^''■'■ The />./.!. ^.//, /.^^XiZ the Co ts o '?V^ ^'^ 
held, IS very large, beautiful, and highly confderaSrhn/^-^".' '^ 
and within; being built of Marble 4h r^u" S' ^^^ 
vvithin there are Heads and Infcriptions for d ve s em men PerJn '"1' 
this City ; the length hereof ,s zc6 Foot arl the hrS ?.i «; r' °^ 
any PUJar or fuppo?tin the middle '^'^'^' ^^ ^'^^^^"^ 

The Umverfity of P,do,, was founded In the Year t„. in i 
Emperor /-nv/.r/rahe Second ,• and the Scho k .Sr ^'J'f ''^^ 
containing one Quadraneie wi^h r^„ r n n '^'^ ^^^^^ =^"^ '=^''5^, 

and befidfs handStS; on'l "" Vdl T^^:^'' '"' ''^'^ ^ 
Anatomical Theater. The Phyflrk rL £ ' T "^ 7^'^ convenient 
uallcd about, and w^ell SSred wS^^pfants TltT/ f ^T^ "'^-^e, 
been Men of Note as A/oyf,, Afl/T .; r ^'''^^'^' ^"''''^ ^avc 

////g/«y. -* ' ■'f '^'^ ^ipinus, and Joannes Fef- 

The ^rfw^, or old Amphithcflfpr of p,v • « • . 

remarkable ,- and the remain of flm. r ^' '! 'P Antiquity very 
ftill m the Gardens backward but d/e 'J ^'^' ■^?^'^ ''' ^° ^^ ^^^^^ 
/'.^/..., are preferved mti^e re; and em^^rv 'V'/'^' '""^ ''^^ ^'^°^<^ 
there is bu.l a handiom P-Jace .h. p ^ ^ ^ "l""^.'' °"^ ™^ ^^'^'^<^^^ 


i4 Journey from Venice to Cknoa. 


fite to the houle, the handlomc prolped ot it, and the Avenue to it, 
Is extraordinarily iarpri^ing, and extream y noble, and [ could nc.t ima- 
nine that any Gentleman would ever delire to havaa taircr Court-yard 
? hishoufeiian the Ipacious plam Arcn. ot an old Roman Amphithea- 
ter nor a be ter Wall than a high intire handfom P../i«;^,the ike to vvhich 
perCs IS not at this day any where elle to be leen. And I mul Ircely 
conS That of the Remains and Ruines of twelve old Amphitheaters, 
which i have feen m.y felt, I have not met with any one that comes near 
it for in the Amphitheater at Dout m Foulou, which is cut out ot a 
Rock and being of a imaller dimenllon, and part ot the bottom being 
filled up! there is no vifible beauty of the fodmm the ld<e may be aid 
X of that at m^^z^x. near the river Varus, and that at Pu^^zuolo That 
Tmmcs IS tilled up with dwelling houles, m luch manner that the 
u^.per feats only are dilUndly vifible. The Amphitheaters oi Bourdc 
Zl XMndes;Arlcs.Gar^gl:ar,o. that ^t Ror^e near to the C hurch ot 
S.Cr.c. in G/.n/././.^., and others arc at prelent lo much ruined, 
that nothing of this naturediltinguilhable is to be expedted ; nay even 
atethe Arem at ^'.r^;;., and the great /".#.., cr Don,nuns\^- 
Seater at Heme, the ground is now nien lo higli,. that tlie Po^h^ 
r^ "a pr cent eSier bm-ied, or diffigured. But as the .^,... at i .- 
Zs clear, and evident m this prt ; fo is it wanting m all the re A : 
and le hat deiires at this day to view all the farts o an Amplnthea- 
ter muft "ot fee one, but many; and by joynmg them together in 
his' thoughts he mav colled the figure, proportion, and dimenhons 
ofthislumptuous fort orbuildingot the old A'^;«./«5 

From the Walls of f.^.^r, there is a plcalant Profpcd cf a plain 
Country to the North, Eaft, and South ; and oi the £^^p«..« Hills to 
the Wett which fupply the Town with variety ot Plants, and great 
Numbe of Vipers.^ At a few Miles diflance are the hot Baths ot 
Abano and the Mineral drinking W aters ol Ortone as alio /W.r- 
c1;.r0^l'./s Country Houle, which we law with great delight, it be- 
nfvv-ell dehgned, and accommodated a go,od Armory, a Theater 
of Comedies, handiom Stables, and a Tennis-court^ and nobly paint- 
ed both within, and without, by that great MaRer, Tadok eroneie 

Lcavint; the Ancient City of Pacloa, m the Two 1 houfand, Seven 
Hmidred and Eighty Fifth Year after its hrft Foundation, according to 
SvncompuVand TraveUing Eighteen Miles through a truit.ul 
Country, we cLe to the plealantCitv ot V.enza, a place worth the '^'-^ 
■ to""by realon that f ./W//a hath here Ihown great skillm Archi- 
teduTe inhis Rotunda, in imitation of the / .«//^..« at AV,«., m his 
Theate rexadiv proportioned to the Und .Rules ot Building, and other 
fair Houfes in the Town. There are alfo two Arches worth the ob- 
e ving one near the Gate, behind which there is a noble a cent up to 
L^hlma del Monte, and another in campo Alartw. This City is 
fiSdvndi Nobility and Gentry, and drives a great Irade in making 
Silk but is not ofanv confiderable Strength. 

The i'l'... ^clla ^St^^crtu is as beautitul a place as can well be con- 
trived, and beiides its being large enough to receive all the Gentry m 
an Evening, and to have Tilting, and Turnaments pertormed in it i r, 
beaunhed with the exquif.te Front of the Falazzo delta Rag^one ot the 
Slws I'alace, and alio with the Buildings of the /)/../. deilu Fte- 
^afwhere Money is lent out without ufe to the pooier lort. ^_^^^^^^ 


A - V- '"^' ^ 


f ■ 




Z'/ffw^.? isanchBilhoprickefteemed at twelve thoufand Ducats a 
Year, and in the Cathedral, befides other Reliques, are prefervcd the 
Bodies of C^rpophorw;, and Leontitu, Martyrs of-' this Place ; but the 
mod celebrated Relique of all, is kept in the Church of the Sum a 
Cornmi, belonging to the Domi^kam .• It is one of the Thorns of our 
Saviour's Crown, given by Saint Lewis, King of France, to Bartolo- 
tneo Breganza, a native and Biihop oiVicenza. 

Tlie City of Ficenza, or Fkenf/a, is watered with the River B^c^ 
chig//one,and Rerone.or Eretems.h^Mts two other pretty Streams called 
the Aftkhello, and Sertola, which highly confer to its delightful Situ- 
ation, and Convenience : but by reafon that there are divers Hills 
very near, it can never be made ftrong, or able to make any fignifi- 
cant Refiftance ; and to fpeak the truth, it hath really been forced lb 
many times, by every next bold Intruder, that few Cities,of this beau- 
ty, and perfed-ion, have been oftncr raviihcd. It is thought to have 
been built by the Galli Senones, m the time oi Tarciuinius Fnfcm • but 
moft Authors reckon it to be more Ancient, and will have it to be 
one of tlie twelve Cities built beyond the Afemines^-j the old Tuf- 
f.7w ; and tliat the Gauls poflefTed it not, till the Tufcans were driven 
out. Thefe in procefs of time yielded it to the Romans, who enjoyed 
It long, even till the coming of Attila the Hun, who notably fack- 
ed, and plundered it. The next to thefe that were Lords and Mafters 
ot Ficenza, were the Ofirognths; and afirer them the Lombards • Till 
the time tiiat Defiderius, the lafl of the Lomhardian Kings, having left 
his fon Aldigier in this City, was taken prifoner by Charles the great • 
and u lien it had ferved Charlemaigne, and hisSucceflbrs with various 
fortune, in time it recovered its Liberty, and fet up for a ir^e City - 
till the Emperor Frederick coming upon it of a fudden, took,and burnt 
It. Next to hvraEzzdnn ruled over it ; then the Padoans; then Mafli- 
ro ddla Scala firll Signore di Ferona^und his Family after him till Gw 
vartmGaleazzo nfconte, the firft Duke of ^//^w, feized upon it whofe 
Dutchefs Catharma, after the death of her husband, kt them a^am at 
I iberty, and abfolvcd them from their Oath of Allegiance, when upon 
Various Conlultations in whar manner they fhould govern themfelves 
for the future and whether or no.they ihould unite with tlie Swi- 
zers ; He,;rico Caprafavio\ Party prevailed, who' perfuaded tiiem to 
give themfel ves Voluntarily to the Venetun ; by means of which free 
confent (;f theirs, at lafl they enjoy at prefent greater immunities, and 
privileges than mofl of their neighbouring Cities. 

l-romricenzawe went to rerona,a noble.ancient.fpacious City,of about 
fix Miles round, well built, and now handfomly fortified by the Fe„e 
nans with great Bashons. It hath three Caftles, or Forts; two upon 
the hi I, and one by the River fide,- many ancient and many hand- 
fom Churches,ftately Convents and Buildings, both publick and private 
and IS very well watered with the pleafant River Aiche or Etfhe Athel 
Jis, Adige, or Adice. j ■> ■ 

The^ River .nthefis is a noble River, which ariilng above in 
the high Kha:tian Mpes and pafTing all along through thc>«;//x Venu 
Jla comes rouling down by Trent, and then winds , and turns 
within the City of Ferona; and afterwards, pa/Ting through the 
Fens near the n, enters the AdriaNck Sea; and Lny Authors 
rcport,That the great Incur^on of the Cminans, was made by the 


A Journey from Venice to Genoa. 

20 1 

Trt flitors o ?; ' /^ ''^f'^^'^'"'^ -".v-^.,r,and divers other good 
Tranflators or Hutarch, as alio that Cat./u, laid encamped unon thi- 
R.ver,to h,nder tlieir hirtlier Invafion ; nay lome proceed to nient n 
atnumpnal arch c reded at /'™, for O... MaL hs V cW " 
f!ic(e quarters: FortwW«c the Conful, Colleaue with cZT A^'- 
uho marched ng.nll the .V./., defpn.nng of ba^ S" o^it^^l 

to feveral Parties, he might very much weikf-n hi,^/„ir 7 

fently into /..,/,, and plaa^d his^4rmy by he RiJ ^AS "fT^'"'"- 
where clofing up the paflages o. both fid'efof die Rive; t'ith^f^^^^^^^^^ 
Fortifications,hc made a bridge wIk rcbv he mir hr .im ^Zc ^^^ 
fide, if the Enemies, having forced the L row Pa/ W t u" '"'l'' 
and (form them. But the CW.. J/cime ^n «^^^^^^^ 
and Contempt of their Enemies, tl^tniTcrlvnn. ^°^'^?'^'' 
Strength and Courage, rather than 'out o^N^n! J, t ^ey t't nS -"-^ 
in the .*>bowrcs of Snow ; and through rhp ir^ ^^a a -^ «^ n^iccd 
ed up to the top of the' Mountains^ ndfor;itltnc7;r"''' 'V^' 
broad Shields under their bodies, thev let thaTiSveffli ^ T^ T 
highefl precipices down thole vaflDefcent -and when ^t^T■ '^ 
cd their Camp at a little d.ftance from the' ttZ ZaT'""^ 5""^ 
PafTagcthey begun to pour in upon thelt„f.",'nd Giant !il7r^ ^"" 
up the neighbouring Hills, and pulling up f rees Iw the R ' T""^ 
great Trees t o, ^ ^ i -^rees Dy the Roots, and 

Quale s Aerjic iJquentia fiumina circum 
Sive Pad I ripn. At hejin f,H proper amcrnum 
Conjurgunt gemimt Quercus, intonfaque Ccio ' 
Attolant capita, et fidlimi verike muant. 

Such overtopping,uncut Oakes as grow 
By pleafant ,jf/,./,,, or th' liquid Streams of />.. 
And higher than the clouds, their lofty heads do'tlirow 
Which ieem to llrike at Heaven, and nod at us belov^' ' 

And throwing in heaps of earth, and great Corners of Rocks wh.r. 
by to turn the courfe of the River, and heaving in hu^ mafrflnnr; 
which beat the (Ide of the Bridge, and broke down thpfi n' 
ters,the Roman Souldiers left their Camp,and fled -yet notwhfe^ 
all this,there mav lome doubt be made whether rhev Pn^.! r / , '^'^^^ 
fides of tins River,and Plutarch hTmS^f-Idi not L I h. « ' ^' '^' 
which the CW.....,de(cended, the River "./"X bu 'I ^'"i^'^^^^^ 
m ; the River .,.,/,, or loja ; a River whicl { 'a ^^ diT^* T"*' 
the Lugo maggiore,ox Lacus Ferhanus ■ and is next to thp \\v^Tr 
Lelnn which pa/Tes by FercelU, a'nd fallH teru^ S^ into the^'' 
and when Baon.x, Km" of the Cir»hr,n„. ^1, ,, '^'^^^/"to tlie Po : 

neralsto fight, and bid^hem a.p ottXir t'^d p^ J/' 

rtus returned this anlwer. that although it were n^ th/'o^' ^^'\- 
the Rornans to let tlieir Enemies know,where and when they mt^H f 
give battel ; yet he would at this time accept of Sa^icUe n ^ 
pomtedtomeethim, in tliree days after, 1 .i^lS^^^:^^ ^^fj^ 

V.fg. ?, .^, 



A Journey from Venice io Genoa. 


where there was fpace enough for both Parties to iliow their valour j 

and to determine this Controverly in a iair, and open Held ; and 

where he gave a total overthrow to one of the greateft Armies peiv 

haps that ever invaded Italy ; and hereby it fcems to nne,that this great 

drove oiCiprihna^s, or a good part ot tliem, pafled over Mount 6am. 

pion or Mom Sempromus -, from u hlch mountain the River Atijo takes 

its rife • and the Dclcription of the vaft l^recipices, and lliding down 

in their Shields, a. it were a la ramafe, is by no means agreeable nor 

can it any ways be allowed for a tolerable Delineation ot the paliage 

into Italy by Trent, where the road doth no where lye over any 

fuch vaft Mountain; but the terrible delcnption by Mr Ramt^^d.^nd 

Mr Lafeh, of the bad way, and lU palTagc between Bnga, and Domo, 

over Mount Samp/on is very fuitable to the ancient account. 

As the pleafant River At/pejis is very ferviceable to rerona, io the 
four handfom Bridges over it, in this Town, are both ufeful, and orna- 
mental ; and the Walls about it, in a great mealure, remarkable ; 
though rero^a being now very ancient, there is no good account at 
this day, to be found ; who was the founder of them, or by whom, or 
at what time, they were firft built, it is manifeft however, that they 
long fmce did good fervice, and that in the civil wars of the Romans^ 
betv\ een defar, and Fowpey ; AuguHus^ and Antomus ; FitelUus^ and 
Vefpajian; Severus, and Julian; and others-, this wasa confiderable 
place of ftrength, and Tided with C^far againft Pompey.took Auguflus^ 
part againft Marciis Antomus, was for Vite!lim '^%nv& P^ejpajian^ 
& long after held out for fome time for Maxtntim againlt Conflantme the 
great. The Emperor Gdliems took llich particular care in rbrtifying 
Verona, that he left his name to the Tow n, and divers Infcriptions upon 
the wail ; for the Roman Empire being much divided in his time, and 
the force of the foreign Nations encreafing in many parts, he exprefly 
commanded, to render the walls of this place ftrong, which being 
feated in the jaws of the Alpes, w ^s more likely to be fwailowed firll 
by the Northern Nations. Iheodoricus Amalus, that great Conqueror, 
and excellent Kingof the Go^/^j was in fucceeding times, marvelloudy 
pleafed with Ferona, amplified and adorned it, rebuilt and fortified its 
walls, which were rendred, notwithftanding, in after ages, more con- 
fiderable, by the Emperor Cbarles the great^and his Son, King Prppin ; 
who made this the head City of Italy. In latter times, Aliertus Sea-- 
tiger, brother to Majiinus Scaliger, the firft Sovcraign Lord of Verona^ 
and his Son, Cams Qrandis more fully enlarged and fortified Ferona^ 
againft the Incurfions of the Germans: And the Venetians^ laft oi all 
have built large Baftions about itftrongly faced with Brick. 

The City within is convenient and beautiful, the Piazza a hand- 
fome long Square, the Streets large, and the Town being built part up- 
on tfe Plain, and part upon Hills, makes the variety of the Prof- 
pedt more pleafing, looking fomewhat Uke the beautiiul City oiLyon 
in France. There arc many good Houfes ; Conte Augu{Nno Gmsio\ Pa- 
lace is particularly lair, and his Gardens delightful, in which I faw the 
Aloe Plant in Stem and Seed, the Stem or Stalk being about twenty 
Foot high ; the Churches are beautiful, among which Saint AnaBafim 
is one of the faireft ; and the Catlicdral and many others cf them are 
antient, this City being converted to the Chriftian Faith by Saint Eu-^ 
prepius. their firft Bifhop, Seventy vears after Chrift. St. Zeno, their 


A Journey from Venice to Genoa 


Eightli Bifliop, is their Patron, wlio lived in the time oiGa/I/enus, and 
Four and Thirty of their Bilhops befides arc Canonized. Peter Martyr 
was alfb Born in Ferona, who was alTallinatcd between Mu'an and Co- 
mo, was Canonized by Pope Tmwccnt the Fourth, and lies fplendidly 
Entombed in Milan, Befides tlicle great Religious Men, others, though 
not fo Famous for Piety, have, notwithftanding, been living ornaments 
to their City ; among which the excellent Poet C. Falerius Catullus 13 
one of the firll, whom Ovirl mentions. 

Mantua Firgilio gaud t, Ferona Cattdhh 
And Martial complements in this manner- 

Tantnm magmfuo debet Ferona Catu/Io, 
Quantum parvafuo Mantua Firgilio, 

C. Cornelias Nepos, was alfo born in the territories of Ferona, to 
whom Catullus gives his Book. 

Cui dono lepiflum novum lihellum, 
Arido modo pumice expolitum^ 
Cornel i ? ttbi, namque tujolebas 
Meas cjfe aliquid putare nugas. 

Cornelius ISfepos, excellently skilled in Antiquity is faid to have writ- 
ten a Chronicle of the Roman Affairs, and other works, and the Lives 
of Illuftrious perfons, among which the life of Pomponius Atticus is on- 
ly extant. 

C. ^Emilius Macer, a good Poet,was alfo of Ferona. He lived m the 

time of Augustus Ctvfar, and wrote of Plants,Birds and Serpents. 


S^pe fuas Tolttcres legit mihr grandior AEvo^ 
Quicque nocet ferpens, qua juvat herba, Ma cer. 

The next is Luciits Fitruvius, a great Archite<a and wiiofe Statue 
With other famous men of this City is fet over the Court. The more 
known Marcus Fitruviusy who wrote the ten Books ot Architecture, 

was oi Rome. ,./->• j r f 

Caius Pliniiis Secundus was alio an honour to this City; and ot lat« 
ter davs many learned men by being born andliving here, have added 
much^to its credit,as torello Sarayna,&: Onuphnus Panvimus,who wrote 
exprefly of the Antiquities of their own City. Jeronimusy Fraca/ion-^ 
us, Joannes fiapt/fla Montanus, Antonius Fumanellus, Alexander Bene-- 
dlius, Qabncl Zerbus, Joannes Arculanus who lived a hundred years 
here, Guarims, Joannes A>itomus Pantheus, Joannes Baptijta Bagolinns^ 
and the admired learned Lady, Ifota Nogarola,who among other trea- 
tiles wrote a dialogue, in which Ihe mgenioufly difcourfes who finned 

firft, Adam or E've. o 1 j- 

The Emperor Philippus was flain at Ferona, by his own Souldicrs. 
There was a Colony fetlcd here by Pompey ; and one Pompeianus held 
out the Town againft Conllantine the great in the year ;xv The Em- 
peror Falentinmn^akcr that he made his Brother Falem partner with 
him in the Empire and placed him in the Eaft, vifited this City, and 

O d % Theodorick^ 


t '.. 

■ ' ■■- •fciiii 


A Journey from Venice to Genoa. 

TheoJrrkk,x\\c Conqueror of Itjly and great King of the Goths lived long 
[xtrcFbcidia^ daughter oi Falentiniatt^tht third, and oi EuAoxia^ hvcd 
the latter part of her timejdyed here and was buried in the Church of St. 
5/^^^-«,which was formerly their Cathedral in which Church lye alfo 
buried one and twenty Bifhops oi Verona^ forty Martyrs put to death 
in Dioclefians Perfecution, and four of the Innocent Children But 
there are other things which lUll add to the beauty of this City. 

Vrhihus Italics pricflat Verona p*perh'rs^ 
yE^dksJngenio^ Flumine^ Monte ^ Lacu. 

i. e. 

Hills, Rivers, Lakes, Buildings and Arts do grace 
Noble Verona above any place. 

The Lacus Benacus, or Lago di GarJa, is a very confidcrablc Lake, 
near this place, which ilretches it felf from Pefchiera^ on the South, 
Thirty five Italian Miles to the North, and is in fome places Fourteen 
Miles broad, and the Winds often blowing fiercely from the Neigh- 
bouring Hills, make it rough, and troublefome, like a Sea. 

Flu^ilus ^ fremitu^ affurgens^ Benace^ marino, 

Cleopatra had once a defign to carry her Ships and Veflels crofs the 
Country through ^Egypt^ out of the Mediterranean into the Red-Sea, 
over that iHhmuSy or neck of Land, which divides Jfrka from ^-:Jiay 
which would have been a njtable exploit : yet confidering that jEgypt 
is a flat Country, which renders the defign more feafible, and th;it the 
Territory about this Lake is very Hilly, it is an acflion no lefs to be ad- 
mired, which the Venetians efEdtually performed, when they brought 
their Ships and Galleys out of the ^rfV/a/^/c^ over Land into the Lago 
di Garda^ to engage in a Naval Fight, upon this notable Lake, with 
Filippo Vifconte^ Commander of the Milan Forces. 

There are divers handfom Towns and Villages upon the fide of the 
Lacm BenacsiSj as Lacijium^ Bardolinumy famous for the pleafant Bar^ 
dolin Figgs, Gar da, which gives it the modern name, Malfefenum-i Ripa^ 
Ttijculan^m^ "^hQYC there zrc flill fome remains oi old Benacusy which 
gave it the ancient appe^ation, MatemiAm^ Salodiumy D^fentianum^ a po- 
pulous Place, and of good Accommodation, Pifcheria^ through which 
the River Mincius partes, and laftly the ruines ot" old SlrmiOy upon a 
neck of Land, which runs into the Lake, where flood formerly the be- 
loved pleafing Villa of Catullus. 

Peninfularum Sirmio^ InfularumjuQ 
OcelUy &c. 

The beft Fiih in this Lak' , are the Eels, the Trouts, and a Flih pe- 
culiar to it, called a C^/"/'/(?»e', which is thought to delight in fome par- 
ticular Earth, Soyl, or Mineral at the bottom thereof, leeing that it will 
not eafily Uve, and thrive in any other place. 

After the negligent reign of r:////e*w//x, whea the Thirty Tyrants 
fprung up, and the remote Provinces of the Empire had taken the li- 

A Journey from Vienna to Genoa. 


Lcrry to do u they pleafed, th.e Alma>n made ufe of this fealonablc 
Opporruniry, and breaking into It /v, with an Army of two hundred 
tliculand men, the luccecding Emperor, Flavius Claudius^ made a 
(lout refin:ancc, and at length ovcrtlirew them totally near this lake of 

Mons B.ddu<^ or Monte Baldo near Verona^ is efiecmcd the moft ^o\xr\z sMuu 
confRierable Hill for Plants^and Medicinal Herbs of all the Alpes ; and 
the Calderian Baths are a further Eafe and Convenience to this an- 
cient City. 

Verona is called Vcrcna t^vhile^ and Verona Antica^ and very ancient 
it is without donbt ; for Ji^Jlin fays cxprefiy, That the old Gauls 
budt MiLwy Cowoy Brejeia^ Verona^ Bergamo^ Trent^ and Vicenza ; 
and Livy moft particularly, That the Gauls pofil^fied thcmlelves of 
thofe places where Brefeu and Verona Hand at prefent,butour Modern 
Italian Writers who arc very unwilling that thele fpruce, polite Cities 
fhould owe their beginnings to any rough tramontane Nation,are very 
eager in afierting, That they were built long before that time by the 
ancie-^t Tufcans, but allow that they were atterwards pollciled, and en- 
larged by the Gauls, and that Vera^ a noble old Tu'can, laid the firll 
Foundation of this place, and called it Verona^ after his own Name, 
It was long after this, under the Romans^ in the hcighth and glory of 
their Empire ; and in the declination of ir,this City ihifted indifierently, 
till Art/la took and lacked it; and when divers others fet themlelves 
up for Emperors^and Sovereign Commanders^as (Aybrius^ Glycerius^Au" 
gujlulus aiid Odoacery King of the Heridiy and Turingi , it fcrved 
firil one, and the "• another, till Zeno the Emperor, fcnt that renowned 
Chiiilian Prince, Theodorickj King of the Goths^ into Itaiy^ who con- 
quered and polleiled it, as the due reward of his valour; and by tliis 
means Verona came to ferve the Goths, till Totilas^ and Tevas^ the laft 
of their Kings were overthrown iind flain by Narfes^ the Eunuch,who 
iiot Jong after called in the Loml?ardSy being dilobliged by the Em- 
prels Sophia^ who endeavoured much to have him recalled, inftigated 
her huk;and, the Emperor Jujlinian^ againft him, and fcnt him word 
after all his glorious Victories, and Services for them, That Ihe would 
make him come home like an Eunuch as he was, and Spin amongft: 
her Maids ; to which Sarfes returned this Anfwer,That he did intend 
it, as fooii as might be, and that he would Spin her fuch a Web, 
that ihc, nor all her Maids together ihould never be able to unra- 
vel ; and immediately lent to Moinus. the Valiant King of the Lorn- 
bardsy who had lately overthrown Cunimundas^ King of the Gepidic^ 
and iiad taken his fair daughter Rofammd to wife, but withal had 
Slain the King her Father , and made a drinking Cup of his 
Skull. Alhoinus was at that time poilelled of Pannomay but upon 
the invitation of t^arfes came into Italy with his whole Force and 
Attendants, and took all the Country called formerly Gallia Cijalpina^ 
and began the LongoLardian Kingdom, which prevailed in Italy for 
about two hundred Years. This ^/-5(?/««J being excefiivety merry,and 
plealant at Verona^ he had placed the chief leat of his new 
Kingdom, amongft other Frolicks, he made poor Queen Rojamund^ 
one day, drink out of her Fathers Skull, which fo digufted her,that 
file periwaded Helmichild to afiift her in the murder of her hufband, 
for tiic reward of which adion (he promifed herfelf in marriage to 





him with the Kingtlom o^ Lomlarrly : but as loon a-s it was pcrtormed, 
they had hereby rcndred themlelves lb intolernbly odious to the Lon- 
.rolardian nobles, and people ; that th^y v\ere forced to fly away to 
jLotginm the Exarch o^ Ha-venna, who being at the firll Tight wondcr- 
jullv enamoured with the exquifite beaucv of Queen Rojam^nul, per- 
fwaded her to difpatch Helmuhild ^x\A accept or him, to uhich in this 
necelTitous condition, Ihe loon agreed, and v\ hen IldmkhiU was com- 
in*^ out of a Bath, and called tor drmk, Ihc had prepared luch a high 
pc^lbnous draught for him, that before he had drunk lialTof it,hc was 
lenfible of what was done, and laying hold ot her, forced her to drink 
the other half, whereby they both dyed together. After the Lorn- 
hards, Clur'es the Great, Pipi^, and the Bere^gari/^ and others placed 
their Royal Seats here ; and in the rime of Otho the hrft, it became a 
' free City'. Then Ezzell-n came in, and tyrannized over them. 
Next to him, the Ancient Family of the Scal/gers, who for two hun- 
dred years together had lived here in credit and rcputc,and were at 
length advanced to the dignity of Sovereign Lords of Verona, which 
they held between two and three hundred years longer, and di- 
vers of their high railed Monuments are Hill to be {ttn in the ftreets 
of this City. Antonio x}i\^hS!i of this Family that reigned here, was 
driven out by G'touannl Galeazzo Vijconte, after him came Franc/fco 
di Ci7rrjrj,then the Venst'iam^-^^io loft it again to the Emperor Maxl- 
wf///rf«; but in Conclurion,in the year, 1517. this City gave it fclf up 
totally to the State of /'fi';^/6'i? under which they live happily at pre- 

The Amphi- g^t the greatcft remarkable curiofity, and the moft noble antiquity 
theater ac Vt- -^ y^^^y^^^ \^ the old K9man Amphitheater, the moft intire within fide, 
of any now ftanding, and one of the firft Magnitude when it was built, 
the defcription of which defervesa Volume by it lelf, the Building be- 
ing beyond, imagination glorious and whoever enters it at this day is 
prefcntly furprized with its magnificent Strudure, I have here inferred 
a Cut of it, as it may be imagined to have Ihown it felf, when it was 
firft built and intire; which if it had been then divided into two partsi* 
and one half removed li'om its Bafes, the infide of the other half wouldi: 
have appeared in this manner. It is called at prefent the Arena, it\^as 
aifo formerly named Amphitkeatrum and fometimes Cavea^ 



Quid pulvh CavCizfemper funehris, © ilia 
Amphitheatralis fpeciacula trijiia pompce ," 

- ^\i 



A. Is the Ahar placed in the middle of the Arem^ in the perfecSa 
Center of the Amphitheater, a facred bufinefs. iM?. 

Quid fanciiiis ara 

Qitise lih^t egejium per mjjika tela cruorem ? 

This holy Altar drinks of blood. 
By Myftick V\ capons fpilt, a flood. 

This was dedicated to DiaiM Scythica^ to Saturn or to Mars ; Dei- 
ties that dehghted in the fpilling of Huxnan Blood, or to Jupiter Lati^ 
oris OT Stygcus. 



\ <.A 

r/u- „^ /■..-,/,, . //„,/,_.,,,,.,. _^^ ;,,^_^^_ 



A Journey from Venice to Genoa. ^o? 

IIu: fuHt (ielkiiC Jovii infernalis 

B B B h t' e ^rena properly fo called, or the fandy floor of the ^^'^ '"'"'■ 
AmDhitheater, upon which the combatants fought : it was covered 
with fandto luck up the Blood,for if it had been paved \vith Mone or 
Dlailered upon great effuiion of Blood, the Gladiators would have 
been apt to fave Hipped or fallen down; but being ot Sand, or Gra- 
vel It was cahe to be turned, or raked away , which it leems they 
did fometimes j and this ALirtn,l mentions, Ipeaking ot a Lyon that 
broke out o? his Den and killed two Youths. 

t^^am Jm tie tenera jirjemlu sorpora tiirbu^ 

Saftguoieam raHris ijute renovahat bumum, 
Savux et infelix juriali dcnte peremit. 

Murtia mt% vidit maJHi Arena ttefas. 

Two tender Striplings of the younger band. 
As they were raking up the bloodyland, 
A Lvon Hew, a fight more cruel ne'er 
Was' feen in Murs 'i Annphith'.ater, 

They fometimes alfo made ufe of Stone duft ; but the extravagant 
Em erors, Can^uL, and Nero, caufed the^r.«u to be ftrow^d with 
vSr^ lion, and Gold duft, or with the dull oi a Mineral, which reiem- 
bled Gold The Figure of the Arena isOvaL In pacing it from one ex- 
treme to the otherri found, it to be ninety paces long ; twx, of my 
paSs make five foot ; and this is agreeabl. to the mealure of .m.^eur 
IZdeu and Joannes Carotus^thc Painter ot the Antiquities ot Fere 
S who ;;ckons it to be two hundred and twenty tour foot long, and 
onelundred and thirty five foot broad; but ^h.^ Arena oi Domains 
Amplmheater at Ror^i is a hunJred and titty of my paces long, or 
rhree hundred and feventy five foot. ^ „ . . . ^ 

The XLis walled about with a wall of thirteen or fourteen foot 
higTm which there are divers Portul.^C.CC. or little Gates,or Doors, ^^^^^¥^' 
SnSng to the inward Caves and Dens, from which the wild Bealb 
ufoallv come out with Swiftnefs, Force, and Violence into the Arena, 
and when^he tights are over, thole winch are left ahve are drivea 
back ag^n into their Dens, with feveral Wheels and Engines. 


Carriculi rotarumque verfata fades Leonem redigit in Caxmam. 


Nor is it to be much admired, that the force of the. Rota, and 
^xirwhich is able to remove any thing, Ihould be powerful enough 
fo dive back a Lyon. This device, at prefent, being much improved 
a? S«?rwhere they place a man within a Monftrous green Dra- 
ron movei uron wheels , which runs upon the wild Beafts and 
&rthem back : and whikft the Lyons fometimes turn, and ftare 
ton this^ormidable machine, the man within thrufts two hg^iteJ 
Torches out of the eyes of the Dragon, able to out flare any Beaft 
Si to ihine more Harf^^gly than ^l- bright Go den /nyn d.eL^^^^^ 
Eye. In the h.unting and baiting of Lyons, m totraei ages,the> made 



TJ « PuiTtHm 


The Seats. 

i }§*' 

AJoumey fromVcnicc to Genoa. 

ufe of great flat Shields, which coverTdThdT^S^TbSTrZ;:^ 
in this poftur • came on uafeen ; and if the I von were (> II 1^1 / 
to advance againft this moving wood -is he wn^nr ^''^'^' '! 

overthrow one of the hunterf veTfliir 1,. w r ^°"/"""f' '"'^ 
covered w.h his Shield^e i^on'w.t'LS w' h Sn ''t!,^' 
liim and pawing the Shield, whileft the man lid in K '^ 
der .t. And the manner of this' hunting of Lvon" is t ly Ix S 
in Painting, in the Sepulchre of the AT.yL., Family Ja^fy Jifcover' 
ed in the Campa>,h dt Roma, whereby we miv u Herft/n^ difcover- value and delight,the Old RoZs LldTefe huntts and fi'.h'/ 

ftape^™ .he glafsa Hunfcan placed ^^t^'^l'^'^^li^:, 

firft™foffc,;°4L?'' '^'" makes .he Ay;.„. behind which the 

,.J^A ■"? °f'?e Amphitheater was fometimes richly elided 
hfjr T' '"!''''? f'i"'-^ of V-iflory pUced upon it, a"7 $?,.„„ 
handfomly contrived to throw forth tineed and rerf,™,,) L 
fprinWe and refrelh the Knights, and Sjor? an?t„ .fcd: 
ol .be F<,J,um, .here vyere placed nets, and loofe rowlers, « liich tnr 
ned npon an m,, .o hinder rhe wild Beads from climbina ud »„d 
whereby .he Lyons, Tigers, Leopards, wlien they le H "1o7a&d 

^. Is the Suggesfum Tmperatoris, the PuIpit,Seat, or Throne of rh^ 
Emperor, a httle Chamber, or Box, built for the Emperor Wrfon in he might either fit privately, and fee throughTtt Les or h^^e 

made by juhm Cafur, and ,s mentioned by Snetonius amonr other 
exceflive honours which he received, and which wereThoulht too 
great by fome, that is, that he permitted his Statue o be fcf up a 
mongft the Kings, and a Throne,to be built for him in the ch"f plc^ 
of the Amphitheater and when in Nero^s time by tSe ht ofta 
chines,they attempted to 2.^ Icarus, the poor fellow that was o flv 
croft the Amphitheater, fell down n^ar the EmperoTs h one nd im^ 
brued It with his blood : But Trajan had the loweft Seats o? he Th™: 
ers. Amphitheaters, and arcus's made pbin, and equal as at fi ft 
vvhere the People were highly pleafed to fee, not the Box "s 
formerly, wherein Great C^/.r far, but to fee him in perfon fitthig e! 
qua fly With the reft of the Nobility. ^ ^ 

The feats of the Amphitheater are next to be confidered, which in 
tli.s at /^....., at firft, were five and fbrty ; but three of he loweft 
rows *c now under ground. There remain vifible at prefcnt, all of ' 


-* * 4 

'Rciini^ uhut u^huh there ar.^ rnc luinJrc? un? hvcntr^. Irclics an? as nunur '1\/Lrs r uj-tir in the uffCr rr:rc , ^mJ j ixC:r in the Icu^^Cr 

o <— 


r/?^' upper rcn^c , ana jixci,' in the Icu^ct- 



A jour7iey from \ ^mcc to Genoa. 

gooti .^tcne, lorry tuo, each ol them al(.ut half a yard higlh 

F, t, are the lou'er Scats, appointed for ciic Senators, and Willi 
Virj^ins ; lor the Emperor Si^ro confidering, TV.-xt the Virgin^ devoted 
to the Goddels (Tf/tfy, were invited to the Olympian games, m/ade :n 
order, That the Veil al Virj^ins Ihould aho be allotcd leats in the Qychc- 
llru^ or mod honourable places ot the Amphitheater. 

G. C. are t!ie £.///<?y//-/j, the middle places, icr t!:e E^iune-s i>;iy:xu^ 
the Seats appointed for the /{ywjw Knights , and Gentlemen; and 
there were OfTicers on purpole to place every one in his due Rank, xv.l 
chele werecall-^^d DiiFri}iatores^ and Tnluni volupt^tiim. 

H. //. are t!ie Populana^ the Places for tlie Com.mon People, for 
the ordinary fort of both Sexes, and where the Women late, u horn 
their HusbanJs could not keep at home, and who wr.uid fiock in luch 
numbers as to fill the Amphitheaters up to the top, and bring Chairs* 
and Stools to fet upon the top ot' all, and in the roruco\ and Galien^s 

ye'riimus ad fedes^ uli pulh fordidji veHe 
Inter f^tdahat turha Cathedrae 

L L f. are the romitor'u^ or Iquare Iioles, or entrances, througii 
U'hich the Sped:at(,n*s came pouring in, to take their places ; for con- 
fidering chat rhe Amphitheaters were Buildings capable of receiving 
vafl numbers of People, (that o^ Titus at Romt^ being able to contain 
fourfcore chouland perfons conveniently} it was necelFary alio, that 
the Entrances Ihould be numerous, that the fpcdtators might come in 
and out without confufion, in this Amphitheater of VeronA in every 
ninth and tenth row of feats, there are rows oiFomltorui^ every one 
at an equal dillance from one another, eighteen in a row, which malce 
feventy two diftindl en"rances,to every one of which there is a peculi- 
ar Stair-cafe, coming out ii'om within the Arches, which liipport the 
Amphitheater ; befide all other Stairs, and Pallages within, and Afcents 
from one (lory to another, v\ hich alone is enough, to Ihow, that thelc 
were vail extraordinary Buildings. 

L. L. L. are the rows of Arches witliin, bulk round t!xe Amphi- 
theater to fupport the Seats and upper Buildings. 

M. M is the CxrusuUm^or upper Ga!lery,built for the Strength and 
ornament of the whole, into which they might retire, and walk, and 
refreili themfelves. This part is found but in lev/ Amphithicaters, and 
in thole only of the larger kind, and tlierc is but little remaining of ic 
at prefent in this, moil of it being thrown down by a great Earth- 
quake in the year eleven hundred eig'ity threCjas the Annah oi yeronci 

N". N. K, are the holes left in the building of the outward wall of 
the Amphitheater to (lick mads into, for the better fafcning of the 
Ropes, Say Is and Curtains to ihade the Spctllators ; for the Romans 
not wearing hats w ith brims when thev late long in thele open places, 
were olten injured by the Sun, which lorced fome to make ule oi Tbef-^ 
fdian Caps and Vmipre:Ia\^ till that at length Ci_ Catullus brought in 
the Mode o'l ufmg Sayl-clochs and Coverings of Linen to ihadc 
the Seats, which JuLus dcfar^ according to his Iplendid humour, 
caulcd to be made of Silk of various colourSj of Yellow, Red, :md 

E e Crimion, 



2 10 

A Jotmiey from ^'^nicc /o_Cicnoa. 

Crimfon, and yet was exceeded herein by the Emperor Ni-ro, who or- 
dered his own pidure to be embroidered in thefe coloured Silks, in :hc 
pofture of Apollo driving the Chariot of the Sun.and round about hmi, 
the Stars, and Confttllations m Gold ; and Lucretiiu takes notice of 
the graceful, beautiful Ihades, which chelc coverings made forr.ewhat 
after this manner. 

When purple Coverings, Yellow, or deep Red, 

Over the Amphitheater are Iprcad, 

VVhich mighty Malls, and flurdy Pillars bear ; 

And the loofe Curtains wanton in the Air, 

Whole Streams of colours from the top muH flow, 

And with dirtlifcd beams ftayn all below. 

The more the Curtains Ipread, the more the Dye 

Rides ore the Silver Air, and courts the Eye. 

Rich colours fpread themielves o'er every thing. 

Each man's as glorious as a purple King, 

But the outfide of the Amphitheater of rerona, was as fjlendid 
as the "infide, though atprclent x Portion of it only remains, as much 
as between, 0, and ?. By this fmall part hovvever th: whole is 
eafily known, efpecially in fo uniform a building as this. The out- 
fide therefore being all of marble, about a hundred and twenty 
foot high, confifted of three rows of Pillars and Arches , one over 
another, which opened into large walks, and fpacinus Porticos witii- 
in,' quite f^und the Building ; and above thefe three rows of Ar- 
clies, there was a handfom wall with Windows over every Arch, and 
Filallcr'^ every Pillar beneath : each row confifted of feventy two 
Arches and fevcnty two Pillars of a great height; the upper row moreover 
is faid to have been adorn-ed with excellent Statues. But the outfide cf 
the Amphitheater at Nijmes, being the moll entire of any now land- 
ing I have alfo inferred a Cut of it, that nothing might be wanting to 
the clear undcrftanding of the manner ot thefe buildings : a 'd as t at 
at Verona, hath three rows of Pillars, and a wall above them, this at 
b^ifmes hath only two rows of I illars on the outfide, and the ll-ats 
withinfide reach up to the top of it, and it hath no Galleries above. 
To fupply this Amphitheater at Nifmes with water fufficient to repre- 
(cnt naval fights therein, the great Fo^.t du Gard was budt, which 
fupports an Aquxdud palling from one Mountain to another, a Cut 
whereof is alio inferted, it being one of the moll magnificent Roman. 
Antiquities now (landing in Europe. ^ . , , , . , 

Thefe u onderful Strudrures were firft railed by the Romam, tor the 
more convenient exhibiting of Shows and Fights to the People; and 
thefe Fights were cither between Beads and Beads, Men and Beads, or 
between Men and Men. The Fights betu een Beads and Beads are dill 
continued; tor the Gentlemen of yetona take that care ot this Ancient 
Venerable Building, that there is not at prefent one Stone wanting of 
all the Stats within; and uhen they would fee any drange hunting, 
hgliting,or baiting o Beads, they prcfcntly enter their own old Amphi- 
theater ' where at this time, three or four and twenty th uland Per- 
fons may fit and fee didindlly every Adion, and pufs away part ol the 

day in plealure and delight. 
"^ But 

J . 2,JC 

Tent ?u Lrard near 'Rcfiwlui inr/iin f!:ur Lcacru^^s. oF .^iFnrs /// LiZ/n/aciX^c . a 'kcrnurkiil^lc 

luinJrc^ iiruL cuy/iU' llr feet ku//i r^rcin. t/ic rtrc/' A A to the. tvv of ttu .AmuiMict , Ji J] . 

intLinnti • . 


A Journey from Venice to Genoa. 


But thcle .Sports were purlued with much more eagernefs in the 
time of the old Romans, who brouglit ftrange Beafts from all Parts of 
the known VVodcl to figlit before them, in tliele publick piaces ,• in con- 
lideration wliereof, upon the fuccelsful Atchievements of Sylllin Afn. 
ca. the People of Rome were not fo much plcafed with his makincr their 
inveterate Enemy King Jugurtha his Pnfoner , as they were inh^nicelv 
delighted with die thoughts of the great iamiliantv, that Sy//j had 
With BoccLus, King of (j<stulia, wliercbv tliev hoped, thathem!<^ht 
obtain mod ftrange unheard of rifncan Wonfters of Beafts to%e 
Ihewn in their Amphitheaters ; and hompey the Great moft wonderfully 
gratified the inclinations oi his fellow Citizens, when he firft brought 
a great Rhinoceros to Rome ; After him Augt^Jlus Cu:Jar brought another 
and following Emperors the like. ThisBealt,as it is reported. performed 
Itrange things there ,• and when irritated, would with his great rtrong 
Horn, prcfently throw up all other combatant Beafts to the Skies and 
a Bull could not tofs up a Ball higher than he would tcls up Bulls a-d 
Bears together. 

Namq; gratew gemino cornu ftc extulit Vrjam, 
Jutiat Ht impofitas Taurus in ajira pilas. 

And again ; 

O quam ternhiles exarjit proms m iras ! 

Qtiantus erat Cornu^ cut pi la Taurus erat J 

The Fights between Men and Bcarts were more unequal for the moft 
part performed bv Slaves, Captives, and Condemned Perfons vet 
lome of good quality have alfo polluted themfelves with thele Brutifh 
Sports, and acquired the true title of Befiianj. That which happened 
to Androdus a £>tff/j«,upon this occaiion is well known now, but was 
ilirprizing at firft, who (landing ready in the Arena, and'havinga 
Lyon let out upon him, received no hurt; for the Lyon came "^nxXy 
to him, carefTed and fawned upon him, and he likewifc tlroakecf and 
made much of the Lyon ; and after the loud lliouts of the People, be- 
ing asked how this came to pafs, he let them know, That beincr with 
his Mafter m Afnca^to get rid of his hard rervice,he had fled into a'Cave 
whither this Lyon came with a Splinter in his Foot, and held up his 
wounded Paw to him to cure ; which having performed and free'd his 
Foot from the fplinter and healed it, the Lyon kept himand provided 
meat for him three years, and when he came away the Lyon followed 
hira fo tar, that he was alfo taken and brought to Rome, and that by the 
further cruelty of his old Mafler he was now condemned to the Beafls, 
where they found him ; whereupon his liberty was granted him, and 
the Lyon given him tor his pains, with which he afterwards got his li- 
ving, every one being defirous to fee the Lyon that was the mans Hoft 
and the man that was the Lyons Surgeon. ' 

The Fights between IMen and Men, were of divers kinds, for they 
fometimes fought on Horfe-back,as the Andahta, (bmetimes in Cha- 
riots, as the Efedani, and fometimes in Ships and Veflels, and this ei- 
ther in the Amphitheaters, (the Arenahemg(ilkd with water) or 
in a Building made on purpolc, called a Maumachia ; or in artificial 

E e » . Ponds, 



A Journey from Vcmcc :o Genoa. 

Ponds, and cuts out of Rivers ; and the Emperor Claudius exhibited a 
Naval Fight upon the Fuane Lake,tlie L-gn di CeLwofiX lacus Fucims,^ 
days Journcv trom /?(?w^, where at his firit appearance both Fleets lalu- 
ted him with an A-ve^ Ctcfar^ moritun tejulutant. 

But the greateft number of their Fights was performed by GUdiators 

Kttumu on foot, ot which there were alfo divers forts; as firft, \\\t RetianuSy 

who was armed with a Trident in one hand, and held a Net in the 

other, with which he entangled, and caught his Enemy ; or othcrwile, 

if he mifled of his foe, he then fled fwiftly away ; 

Tot a fug} t agnofcendus arena. 

Through all the Amphitheater he flies 

Like lightning through the Azure skies. 

Until fuch time as he could gather up his Net again & prepare for ano- 
ther encounter.T.e whole habit and way of hght is exadti) defcribed by 
JuvHil^ in the eighth Satyr,where he reprehend*? a noble Ro-mun.on^ of 
the great Family of the CracchiSor taking upon himlelf this kir.d of gU^ was thought to be brought in ^alhion fir{l,in imitation of Z'/^- 
taciisfint ofthe wife Menof Gr^^-c^^who being challenged by Phryr^o^c^mt 
into '' e field like a hlherman, and involving his Enemy in his Net Hew 
hiiTi with his Trident and iJigger; but lome were delighted to lee 
t';cfe Gladiators flayn, tor bemg that they fought without Armour, 
only in a Ihort coat and bare-faced, they might the better take no- 
tice ofthe laft Motions of their Limbs, and the Alterations of their co- 
^'^rdd^ftUi Jou^lineaments and features in their dying agonies : A'id Ihave ktn the 
preftrved in Statuc ot a dying Gladiator in Ludovifios Gardens at Rome^ (o well re- 
Kome. prefented, and lo txquifitely carved that it may compare with the Fi- 

gures ot the m.oft famous Statuaries in any age,- fince it is thcu^^ht 
meet to be numbred in the firfl rank u ith the works of Fkydias^ and 
Praxiteles^ and is not lels eftecmed than the wonderlul Statue of /'y- 
ramui in the lame gardens, nor Farnefe\ Hercules made by Glycon the 
famous Gr^^>c, nor the old JEgypttan Terme; Nay the beautiful ftatues 
oi Antimus^ and Apollo Pjthian^ in Belvedere^ the garden to the P^a- 
tican^ are not at this day more to be admired. Nor the rare Figure 
oiyenus her felfin Medici s^z\xq^\ nay furthermore the Grecian Sta- 
tue of Peace, and the Greek Shepherdejs that holds up her garments, to 
Ihow her due proportions, are no ways alhamed to be ranked with him, 
w ho by good Artifts is held in the fame efleem with Farnefes bull,' 
and the never to be out-done Laocoon and his Sons, the joy nt work 
of the rare ancient Mafters> Agejander^ Polydore, and Athenodorns. 
Tliis whole order ot the Retiarij was devoted to Septune.^nd generally 
tought agamlt a party, who were followers of A Wcj», fire and water 
not being like to agree. Tlxefe were called Secutore. 


Cum Graccho jujjus pugnare Secutor. 

Tlie Secutor was guarded with a Shield, which he carried high, to 
hinutr his head trom bem^ catched in the N<;t, and with a Sptar or 
long 5word# 

! . f!- 

A JouriKy from Venice to Genua. 


Altius imprejfo dum palpitat enfe Secutor. 


Thefe fouglir, and followed after the Retiari), and other Gladiators, 
w ith ficrcenefs and courage,and were favoured by divers Emperors, who 
liked this way ot h-hting; and u hen five Rctianj had } ielded to five 
Secutores, and thrown doun their weapons, the Emper^ r CaLguIa.ccm- 
manded the Secutores to kill them ; uhicu they did to the laft man, 
who becoming delneratc took up his fork again, and flew all the five 
conquering/crw.*£^r^.f, and tliis lofs ot his dear t'nends was bemoaned by 
the Emper^^r in a publick Edid:, with the exclufion ot thofe who en- 
dured to fee it, from being prtfent, for the tuture at any lacred nte. 
But the Emperor Con:mrdu^ not only encouraged thefe Gladiators, but 
took their parts in his own perfon alio, and tought along wii-h them 
inthc.^rf^^; and when the flattering t organs c\'\td him up lor a 
F/ercules, a Mars, and Ihouted out that he fought like a God of war, 
he thought that they mocked and lau^h d at him,and immediately cal- 
led to his marine Legion, that were tending the Ropes and Sayl clothe, 

come down, and kill the Spedlators. v • r i 

Another order of Gladiators imitated the Ti/iic/j^f.f m their fights, 
and bearing a Imall Parmula^ or little plain Thracian lliield,bu'- trufting 
chiefly to ttieir broad llrong 'nvords with their points turning upward, 
like the prefent Turkilk.ox Perfian Cimitars.They were called Ihreces, rkma. 
or Thraces,^n(^ were terrible flalhing cutting nvords-players, and de- 
rived this cuitom, manner, and occafion of fight, from the old Thru- 
cians; even betore the time of /^fr^'ri^^/^/J, when they fought with the 
lame weapons for prizes and rewards at the funeral, aad tombs of 
their great men in Thrace ; and thele Fencers fought cither againit one 
another, or againll: other Gladiators. r i r t 

A Myrmtllo was a notable Sword-player and fought after the GaU M^miMtt-- 
Ikk way, dopping, and fquatting low and frisking about, and covering 
himfclf with his great oval Ihield, and had his l^ead armed with a 
llrong Helmet, upon the Creft of which was the Figure ot a Fifli 5 
and when his Enemy lay bare, or gave any occafion ot a thruft, he 
would leap up briskly of a ludden, and run hun through and through 
with his iharp pointed Sword. Who could contrail with fuch a cun> 
ning, llrong, and adive combatant ? 

Quh Myrmilloni componitur aquimams ? Tkrax. 

The Thracian fighter would often engage with him, and the Retia^ 
rius many a timc,and would come up to him with his Net in his hand, 
finging ttiis ; 

Non te pete, pifcem peta^ . -• 

Q^id mc fugiSj Calls ? 

Another fort of Gladiators were natned Sam^ites, wholk armour U 
defcnbed by Livy- Their lliields were inlayed, engraven, and imbol- 
led with nlver, and with GoJd •■ One en4 of their Ihield, with which 
they R'^^uded their breait,was flat,broad, llreight, and even ; the other 
end nlxt their Ihoulder, was narrower, that it might be turned and 





A Journey from Venic e to Genoa. 






moved with more eafe ; bef.des which, they had a long IW^;;;^ 
a Breaft.plate, a Hdmct with Feathers upon the Crell and^ Rn^.' 
upon their left leg, Thefe Gladiators were' n great req dl ,n Llr 
from whence the Romans learned many of their AmphitheatricaSts' 
and^exercfes , and they fought agau.fl the i>...4, /ndXJT^^^^^^ 

.^r^i^^'^}^^^'}"^^'^ "^^'^ "'l"'"' """^ Z>/«..c/.-^./ Who fought With 

WO Swords, and others named L.j.eam,thck were dangerous "elC 
that fought with Sword and Halter, and had two wavs witli themTo 
entangle, and deftrpy their Enemies. ' 

The Men^,a»^ were a bold defperate Crew, who came rulhin^ into 
the Amphitheater at Noon, when the Gl.^ufors had concluded and 
the Spedators were difmifTed, andwith their drawn Sword ran atone 
another without Order, Art, or Armour, and Icorning to make ufe of 
Head-pieces, Shields, and fuch like Hindrances and Delays ot Death 
butchered one another prefently "' ^^^^"> 

eJ^'J^A^^^V^'/Ji.^"''''^^'^''^'^ '^^ tender Female Sex was not 
exempted from thefe Iharp, rude exercifes. 

Hos inter fremitus novofq- lufus 
Stat Sexus rudis infciupi; ferri , 
Et pagnas capit improlus vtriles. 

.J^^^^t^r °f ^^"^ ^""^ beautiful, comelv, lovely young Women 
that could be found andputthem to School to a uJl or MafteTof 

Defence, to be inftruded m the Art of Fighting • wiiere a tendrr 
young Gentlewoman that had fcarce ftrength enough to exercilc at I 
carving School, muft be fencing every Morning wlh a g .at Fellow 
and be fet fuch rude ItelTons as thefe : ftuow, 

None of your fliifting Gallick play. 
Great Cafar likes the Sammte way. 
Come clofe, ftrike home, and you'll one day 
Bear your Foes life and Fame away. 
And if you mils of Vidory, 
In graceful pofturcs learn to dye. 

ForthofewhowereputtoaZ^«/7?«ia the moft fevere way were 
bound to be burnt, whipped, and fall by the Sword. ^' 

Tgne uri^ lirgis cteJi^ ferroq; necari. 

Now to fee one ofthefe fine young Women fight, well drefTed with 
her golden Shield, and her fair Plume of Feathers the EmpeS Wm- 
S V.S f^ ?°; ^°'^'" commending, and crying out fometSes Wdl 
played fair Lady , or as Xerxes faid when he biheld from a^Sh H 
the Sea-f^ght at Salamis , and Artemifu had funk one of 1,1 
own Ships inftead of one of the Enemies, well fought Queen 1^1 J^ 
my Women fight like Men and my Men like WomTn £wevefw h^e 
very good Authority to afc us that the Women fought ftoutljf! 


A ]Gur7:ty from Venice to Genoa. 



To fee o e of thofe fpruce Dames lay it on 

Like any right bred ra^mg Amazon. 

You'd think your icli' near to fierce Thermodun. 

Credas ad tanaim jerumij; Fhajim 
Thermodun'iacas cuUre turhas. 

And that thev generally fought after the manner of the Sammtes 
we may learn from Ju-jenal, w here he takes notice, what a fine Cre- 
dit it would be lor a man to cry <'>ut at a publick Sale of his Wives 
Goods ; who gives moft for my Wives Bouts ^ who bids Money lor 
her Corfelec, Helmet, Gauntlets .' 

Quale ddcus, rerum fi conjujis aucliofiat. 

Bait hem, i2 Manic ^e^ '^ CnJiiC, Crurifi;fwisfri 

Dimidium teamen .^ 

But Domiti -n the Emperor went fViU beyond this, when he let his 
G'adiators together in the night, and made his Dwarfs figlit, thofe lit- 
tle Pygm.ean Creatures : But we need fay no more of them, for it may 
be thought by fomc that 

Whether they flew, or whether they were flain 
They'd both make but one Morlel for a Crane. 

And indeed it is high time to leave this omni'Ant Dxmriiim temp'um, 
as rertulUan calls it altogether, and pafs forward to more pleafing 
objedts. Parting therefore trom VtroHa in the Morning, w e travelled 
tnrougii a delightful plain Country 14 Miles, and came early in the 

Afternoon to Mantua. , , ,-1 1 t^ r • • r 1 

Mantua is pleafantly feated in a Lake like to the Delcnption ot tlie MMi-Aa. 
fituation of the great City Mexico. This .Lake of about five Miles 
loner is made bv the opening of the River Mimius, or Merjtzo, a de- 
lightful flream, Vhich runs ilowly, fpreads it lelt wide, and bears its 
name high am.oigfl the noted Floods of this Region. 

Frondentibus bumtdaj-'ipis 
Colla Levant pulcher Ticinus,^ Addua vifu 
Cterulus, (y velvx Atbefis, tardnf/; meatu 

And again j 

VoUcres qnas excipit amne juieto 

This River runs into the Po, and rifcs out of the Lacus Benacus, and 
is fo full of Reeds in many places, efpecially near Mantua, that I can- 
rot omit ^^irgd\ proper elegant way of mentioning his own Country 

^''''- Hin. 




A Journey from Venice to Genoa. 

kui. *•. 


Hinc quoque quhgentos in fe Mezentdus armar^ 
Quos patre Benaco velatus arundine g/ama, 
AUnciHS infejia ducebat in ceqtwra pinn. 

The entrances into Mantua over the lake are made good by Ilrono- 
Caufeys, of five or fix hundred paces long, having Draw-bridges at 
each end ; and that over which we paffed, called Ponte di St. G^ori^io^ 
hatha covered Bridge for a great fpacc together, ar:d a Tower in the 
middle. The Fonte de Molini hath twelve Mills in the Arches, called 
the twelve Apoftles, which afford the Duke a confiderable Reve- 
nue. The Streets are large, ftrait, and clean. Here arc eight Gates, 
eighteen Parilhes, and forty Monallerics. The Domo or Cathedral is 
built after the dcfign of Gluiio Romano^ the Roof of which is painted 
with Ai^ure and Gold ; in this Church they preferve the Body of St. 
Anfelm^ Biihop o{ Luca ^ in the Church of St. ^Wrd'iL',is the Body of 
St. Longtnus the Martyr, together with fome drops of tlie Blood of 
our Saviour, which are iaid to be brought hither by that holy man. 
The Duke's Palace is flately and magnificent, and was the bell furnilh- 
ed of any in /^t/y, till the Imperial Army plundered it, in the time of 
the Emperor Ferdinand the Second, in the year 1630. There arc three 
Suburbs which appear like to fo many dillind: little Towns, Porto 
Forteze^ Bcrgo di St, Giorgio^zvA II Te. The Duke hath alfo divers 
Country Houfes,as that of yy.7rwjr(7/j, in the way to Verona, v^\{\Qh is 
nobly furniflicd, hath Royal Apartments, good Gardens, F- untains, 
and Water-works. La Favor ita is upon the fide of the Lake, and hath 
about a hundred Rooms in it. La Virgiliana is another pleafant Coun- 
try Houfe with a Farm adjoyning to it, called thus, by reafbn that it is 
near to the Village of Petola^ formerly called Andes where Hrgil was 

Mantua Mi^farum domus^ *atque ad fidera cantu 
Andino evec^us. 

Mantua the Mufes dwelling all along, 

But rais'd up to the Stars by th' Andine fong. 

The Palazzo del TV, at no great diftance from one of the gates of 
the C ity, is well worth the feeing, where the hall is painted w ith the 
hillory of the Gyants ftorming of heaven, and fo artificially roofed^and 
vaulted, that it makes a double whifpering place, where, at the oppo- 
fite corners of the room, every little fight and whifpering is difl:ind:Iy 
Heard, and in no other place ; and he that Hands between hears no- 
thing of it. I had formerly been in whifpering places at Padoa^ Mont* 
pellier^ and clfewherc; but thofe were fingle ones, made by the contri- 
vance of the roof,upon this rule, That the Angle of Incidence,is always 
equal to the Angle of Refle<5tion, and the whole top of the room fo 
proportioned as to rcfled: all to one point, that comes from another 
oppofite to it; but thefe far exceed them all, being contrived with a 
double and crols Arch, and make a large double crols whifpering 


A Journey from Venice to Genoa. 


Threefcore years before the Trojan war Eteoclcs^^nd Po/ymces^fons to 
Oed/pus^ King ot Thebes, contending for the Soveraig'.ty,that City was 
invadcd,bcficged,and rumed by the Greeks,when /yu;f//.v;,tlie great The- 
ban horcerels,lceing that her Country was de{lroyed,ficd firil into Aju^ 
where ihc built a Temple^and dedicated it to Apollo^ tlien fayJed into /- 
/^j/v,and went to 7y^trri^«j-,Kingof the Tufcans^by whom flie had a Son 
named Oc-w^^w ho a itcrwards palled the W/(-«;;/«i?T,Cv'' the F/?, & built this 
City,and called icaircr his Mothers namc,according to the/^^wf^u// Poet. 

Ille etiam patrlis agmen ciet Ocnus ab oris^ 

FatidiCiC Alanthus et Tujci filius amnis^ 

il^i micros matrijque dedit^ tibi Mantua nomen. 

The GaUi Ccwow^w/^afterwards beat out the Tufcans, and made Petg 
fly into that part of the mountains fince called the Rbetian Alpes. The 
Romans overthrew the GanU^ and Mantua follo\\ed the various Fortune 
of the Wcftern Empire till the Emperour Otho ^ the fecond , 
gave it to Teda'do, Count o^Canojfa, Boniface fucceeded, and Beatrix 
his Countefs; then the Countcfs , MathiUn^ who made great wan 
iin Italy^ fidcd with the Pope again ft the Emperor, and left 
large poflelfions, and revenues to the Church. The Family of the 
Bvnacolji ; in procefs of time,oLtuned the Lordlhip of thisCity,?j/jc7- 
nj the laft otthat ftock was llam in the market place by the people 
in the year i-;i8 under the command of Lodovico di Gonzaga^ the 
firft Lord of M-^ntua of this Family that reigns at prefent. Frederick^ 
the fecond of this line, was made Duke of Mantua^ by Charles the 
fiti:h, and Vincent the firft was afterwards created Duke or Montfer* 
rat. The preicnt Duke is Carolm Ferdinandu) Gonzaga^ Duke of 
Mantua^ znd Montfsrrat^ and ot Niveroriis, and Retelais in France^ per- 
petual Prince and Vicar of the holy Empire, Marquefs o{Go}izaga, Viada- 
va^ Gaz(dQ^D.x\A Dozolo^ Count ot Rodigj^Lord oi Luzara^ and chief of the 
order of the Knights of the Blood ot Chrift, which order was infiitutcd 
in the year 1608, by Vincent^ Duke di Mantua , who had been three 
times in Hungary^ Aujlria^ and Croatia^ in the wars againft the Turks. 

From M-iNtua we travelled to the great River Endanus^ Padus.'^^^^-^^^* 
or the/'^,which ariles from mount Vifopx Mons Vejulusfintohh^ high- 
eft mountains of the Alpes towards /^rt/;;*;^, and rowling down in di- 
vers branches at firft, without any fixed channel unites at the foot of 
the mountain, and falls under ground, and altera mile or two appears a- 
gain, and running with a fwiftcourfe through Lombardy^iitf^xn hath re- 
ceived tinrty Rivers more which tall from the .-ilpes&c Apenni?ie,di{chtr- 
gcs it lei t by divers mouths into the Adrutick fea, and this being by far 
the greateft River in /rj/y, it is mightily magnified by the Z.j//w'Pcets 
who would have it no lefs than the Niie^ and the P'anube^ and mention 
it by the name ot" the King ot Rivers.and the greateft in the world. And 
it muft be con tclled, that it is a noble flood, and that it is the only River 
that hath a place in Heaven : or that hath the glory to be made a con- 
ftellation, and placed in the Chambers of the South, near to the ftormy, 
tempefluous Orion ; andfince chat it is adorned with thirty eight ftars, 
which thine vifibly in the Firmament, to be called Starry^and Celeftial, 
are but its due Terms of honour : but fure there are many Rivers upon 
earth in Eunpe^ Ajia^ ^frica, and America that far exceed it. 

The Fo being very fwift we palled it by boat, not without fomc 

I t pecu- 





* . . 

J ■ 

., -j 



'*«* % 






A Jaimicy fro??i Vcnjcc to Genoa. 

peculiar Contrivances, and Enoires', and the" kind a/lftarce tl7e 
iittcrs of Phaetcn. who imourn lure for the difrnil fall of their Bro^ 
tner, when 7/^;>//^r Itruckhiindoun from Heaven into the Po, 

A Journey from W^nicc to Genoa. 


^^.^IP^^ Erirlanus fumantiaqtic ahluit orj. 
i"j__.,,, ,i;j 1^;^ T.imK*; imhracc 

of the 
Pofts I 
and u 
the be 
the Ri 
to anc 




the 1 

dcr I 














^/7u'\^' attempted to furpnze it m the >ear, 165^, lut vv^re rerul- 
led by the Duke o Moc!enu\ brces. Having f alFed Enjcdlo vvc clol- 
led the River N/c/j, now Lf^vcj, and foon came to Farma 

The Dukedom oiPa^ma, is guarded by the Ape>mme mountains and 
divers Rivers,and is a very truitiul Country,afS)rding plentv of exccIJcnt 
wmesand (ome good ^Vfwr^///,fruits of various iorts,rich pafmres pJen 





I F^rnnd^ 


t^ arracc^a^ 

r i -i. 



"' •- Ti^'^^'S^- 


Jl Jcrumey from Vcnjcc to Genoa. 

^ , 

:, .' 




peculiar Contrivances and Enoires , and tlic" kind arT.ftarce the 
iitters of P/w/cw who mourn lure for the difmal fail of" fhcir Bro. 
thcr, when 7«/'//f/- ftruck him doun from Heaven into the Fo. 

Exciplt Erulanw! fiimantiaque ahluit ora. 

Edmanus did his Limbs imbrace 

And ualh'd his linoakin^ >.un-Lurnt face. 

And hav'ing flooJ fo long by thcbanks of this River,thev mivbe 
thoiightto be more convcrlant u,rh it. Courfe and Pa/Fages thcv^tve 
ropes ,n tlus Country to the tops of higli Poplars, one end on one IL 

p n i^^'T' T'^ ''^' *";''''■ ^" ^''^ °'^^^'-' ^'^ build liigh Beacons o? 

Poftsbke thole madeufeot in the; on each fide of the R^cr • 

and upon a hne fixed to them, they put a running PuIIv, to uhSi 

hey fi,c another long rope, and to the further end of this ope 

he boat IS tyed and by IJeenng the head of the boat c bhuueiy cn.fs 

he River, the force of t!ie Stream makes the puliy run from one ftdc 

to^another, by which means wc paiTed it uithout labour or trou' 

Sim Remlgii }clu 
Concava Trajeclo Cjn.lj rudente w/v/, 

A rope drawn through a Fuh'} foon convey 'd 
Us crofs the Po, without the Rou-crs aid ; 
And a fmall boar, w ithout bread fayJs and oars 
Did gently w alt us to the nciglibouring fhores. 

I had formerly pajTl^d tlie T., ns high as Tur.n, and at another 

ime went by beat through a cut made%ut of the Fo into the '-' 

thefi^ and once I travelled tor lome fpace together on horfe-back 'ar 

dnln >T^^ f'}?"'^ Of this River, uhere the banks bem' br La 
down It hadforfaken its channel- "^ ^r- hen 

Tlie next town wc came to vvas GuafiJa, belonging to a Sovcraian 
Prmce the Duke ^Gua-UU ; a handfom Imall Tou'n at pref nt g:r 
formerly larger, and more confiderable when there were two Genera 

rwmG.jsfJa we travelled by C.ue,, to Brefce/Io or Bnrel/ur» a 
compad clofe (Irong Town, fortiHed after t!ic modern way, upon d-e 
fideot the/'.: Anold /^m.. place of habitation, where the Emperor 
Orh ftaid in his journey againfb ;'...//.«., when after tl con^d a 
£.//«/., then called Be^nac.r., he took a refolution of d^fpa^di nc 
htmfeh, not out of any defpair of overcoming all difa ties bu^ 

n'e^'tnT' °^ ^''' "^"f^'^ '' ''''''""'" ^^'-^ '^^ and unvillin, 
ne.s to czeupon and continue fo great an Empn'e, with the ha- 
zard of fo many brave mens lives that ferved h m, and h^refore 

fdf uith a dagger under the leit Pap,inthe ninety fifth day of his r eS^ 
and tlie hirt> eight year of his life. This town hath at pr-fenc about 
be Duin 7^'"^- 'f^^'^^^-^ - g-d Garrifon belong ng to 
r.irn,a. Ihe Spa.^jh 1 raops, under the command of the M.r.pufs of 

A Journey from \ cnicc to Genoa, 


Carracenu, attempted to furprize it in the \ear, 165-5, tut were rcrul- 
icd by the Duke o ModeHa\ forces Having f allied Er^cdlo we dol- 
led the River Nicu, now Le:iza, and foon came to Faimj 

The Dukedom o( Fa-ma, is guarded by tiie Apey,„n,e mountains and P^r,r.a 
divers Rivers,and is a very fruitful Country,afrording pknfcv of txcelicnt 
wines and fome good A?«/r^ff///,fruits of various forts,ricii pailures nlcn 
tyot Cartel the beff Cheefein Italy. ^-.xn ftore of Che{lnuts,and Tanufa. 
li Tmffes, luhra terra:. Roots without Stems, or Plants 'Trou-ng 
irom them, which they hunt after with a pig which Ibells than our 
and difcovers where they are ; rhefe are a - reat difh in Italy,znd thouuil 
they leem to liave no great nourifhment in them are elleemed tote 
provocative. And belldes thefe, this Countrv affords lome mires 
of Copper and Silver, and very fine Wool. 

Vellerihus primis Apulia, Parma fccMndis 

The City of Parma is very ancient, inhabited long fincc by the Tu( 
cans, then by the Bon, next by the Romans ; a Colony bcincr fint hi- 
ther from Rome about a hundred and eighty two vears bt-fore the 
coming of our Sa lour ; and another in the time of ./«^^y/;,, ca:lar But 
upon the declining of the Roman Empire it ran through divers fortunes 
lerved lomctimes -r.«/.^, and fometimes Milan, till it was conquered 
by I ope Juliu,, the fecond, and given by Paul rhe third to his Son 

T1 ^'*'^\ n('r *^°"' ^ ^''"'^'^'^ ^""^ '^""y ^^■'^ years fince, m 
whole Family it ttiU contmues. 

It is a Delightful, Airy, well feated City, the Houfcs being low 
the Streets broad, and the River Parma running between the Citv 
and the Suburbs, both of which are well fortified with crood Baftions 
and a broad Ditch It hath three handfom bridges over the River 
The Dukes Palace is fplendid, his Coaches extremely rich his Gar' 
dens worth the feeing with the Gr^M's. Fountains, Water-works and 
Bo^^'s of Orange Trees. The lodgings are lurniihed with excellent 
picttures, vellels of Porphyry, A gath, and Jafpis. 

The Cathedral is fair and ftatcly ; In the Capuc}»es Church is the 
tomb oi Alexander FarneJe,D\ikQQi Parma, one of the greatea com- 
manders of his time, and of his Dutchefs Maria of Portugal The 
Church of St. John is large, and beautiful, and adorned witli ta« 
paintings of thole great Malbrs, Corregio, and Parme^tano, a ,d the Be- 
nedithn Convent adjoyning is one of the largeft and faireft of the or- 
der. This C:ty was fortr.erly beficgcd for two years together bv the 
Emperor Frederick Bariamlja, who in hopes to make himfelf Mafter 
of It built another Town near to it called richria, but thofe of /'./r- 
»«.. behaved themlelves fo (loutly,that they freed themfdves, and rui- 
ned his new Tovvn ot l^'idorv. 

From Parma we Went to Fornovo ten miles from thence, feated f .rm* 
upon the l^itt River Taro, and re d red remarkable bv rhe battd aain- 
ed here bv c W.'i the eight. King ot France, zgzm&. the confederate 
Fnnces oUtaly in the year 1494 m hisreturn irom tlie conqueftof ^-j- 
/.^y.The River Zj/-. IS a remarkable River which runs and plavs about ^"" 
the plains, before it falls into the Po, and is very fwift, aUhough it 
be not itreight,but notably winding and turning. At firfl fight I con- 

' ^ * jedJured 

-^ , 

.^■^<\ ■ . _■ 



A Journey from Venice :g Genoa. 


■ < 

■f' ; 

%. J 

jed:ured that it would prove a troublcfome Rivcr,when itwaslliut up 
betuccn the Hills : find fo we found it ; tor as Ibon as we had left 
the open fpacious plain Country in which we had travelled with plea- 
fure from Parloa hither, and had got in between the fpurs of the a- 
penntne^ and entered the Val di Taro^ the valley in which this River 
runs, we were forced to travel many times inconveniently upon the 
fides of I he hills, on the right hand, and on the left ; and furthermore 
to crofs the River it felf above forty times, and in one palFage, one 
Gcntlemans Mule fell down with liim in the middle of the River i 
but after we came pad Borgo di Falle the River was lefs, and ue 
tur ed more to the right hand, and climbed up the Apcnmne Moun- 

Borgo^ or Borgo di Valle Is a walled Town at the upper end of this 
valley, upon the fide of the hills, where we ihew cur bills of healthy 
and where the Duke oipjrma keeps a Garrifon. The Ba^ y/^/ appear- 
ing in thefe parts the day before, the Governor font a guard ot Muf- 
queteers with us to convoy us with fafety over the hJls into the itate of 
^, The -^/'£'«»///(? is a row of Mountains of many hundred miks long, 

MountainsT^^ beginning at the Alpes^ continued from one end oi Italy ro the other, 
and ending by Regpo^ or Rhegium upon the Sicilian Sea, and m Ibme 
places are more than a hundred miles broad, and by this means take 
upthe grcateft part of /^rf/y, and render it a Mountainous Country, 
and though there be man v valleys b.tvveen, yet the hiUs do really 
reach, and extend thcmfelves from the Tyrrhene to the Adrutick^ 
from the lower to ttie upper fea, conformable to the defcription of them 
by Luc an, 

I-Iirtc Tyrrhene vado frangentes mquora BifiS^ 
Jliinc Dalmaticis obnoxia fluchhus Ancon, 

And this makes the travelling in Italy to be generally on Horfe- 
back, or upon Mules ; whereas in France one may travel five hun- 
dred miles together in Coaches, and in Germany all over the Coun- 
try ; and if it were not for Campania forlixy and the great continued 
plain Country between the Alpes and Apennines Italy could never 
make good the high Character it has. 

Onjid mentions the Airy Alpts^ and cloudy Apennlne^ and mod 
Mountains have clouds about them, and in the evening the Clouds, 
floating in the Air after Sun fet flip away towards the next high hills, 
and take up their reft in the hollow fpaces of the Mountains, and 
when the Sun rifes next day, and warms the Air, the clouds dif- 
lodge again, rife upland wa*ider through the Skies ; but the Apenni- 
nes are more cloudy generally than other hills, whether for having 
the Seas on both fides of them, or for other reafons, I leave to the 
more accurate learchers into nature to judge, and we have travelled 
for many days together in the Countries ot the Apennine Mountains 
with the Clouds continually about us, either a httle over us, under us, 
or palling through them, not without admirable variety of profpecS 
and iiom tlie top of a Mountain to fee a valley with Houles, and 
Towns in it, and then the ciottds cretping over the next hill to co- 

\^ \ 


S I 

A Journey from Venice to Genua. 

ver the whole va!]cy between them, and make k look like a lake, 
and the top of the clouds gently waving, and to deicribe tl]e Suns, 
rifing, and coming to Hiine upon the upper parts ot'them, and to beau- 
tifie, and gild them all, is beyond the exprelfion of words. 

f^/-^^// naming the Apemine^^ ranks th^m with Mount Er'tx in Sici- 
9', and Mount Atko^ in Greece. 

Great as Mount Aths. or high Erix crown'd 

With thofe green Oakes, whofe ihaking boughs refound. 

Or Father Ape^nine.'^A'ho loves to rife 

And Uft his ^^nouy head up to ths Skies. 

And indeed many of the Peaks of the Apennines are very high, and 
fome of them covered with Ihow ; and others are rocky, but in gene- 
ral they are earthy, muddy, or full of clay ; \\ hereby they (lain and 
tind:urethc Tiler and many other Rivers which flow through them, 
and give an umber, brown, or dirty yellow colour to thole llreams, 
which being alfo for the molt part very fwift, the Apennine'^i^trs 
hereby lofe much of their grace and beauty, and become alio lefs 
fcrviceable ; and to fpeak the truth, not navigable with any pleafure : 
And this tindure which is communicated to t lem is of fo deep 
a Dye in many places, that it is not eafily altered or diluted, and I have 
leen divers Rivers run down from the Apenni e with that force into 
the -^^r/j^/ri, that the tlream or colour of them is perfedly diftin- 
guifhed a mile or two into the Sea, as if the Gulf of Femce were 
painted in thofe places with a Itreight >ellow ftroke for two miles 


We were told that the name of the hill which we here pafled o- 
ver was called. The Mountain of the Holy Crofs, but the Mountain of 
the Crofs, La montagne de L croix, much fpoken of in the South part 
of France is one otthe great Hills in the m.aritime Alpes^ in one of 
the palTages from Frovence into Italy, The higheft Mountain in the 
Apennine that I pafled over, between /?^wd',and Loretto, was Mount 
Soma in Vmh^a ; and the pafTage which pleafed me mod, vvas in the 
road from Turin^ between Otagio and Genoa ; where after fome diffi- 
culty having got up to the top of the Mountains^we law Genoa, and the 
beautiful fuburbs of St. Fietro di Arena un«:cr us at nine miles di- 
llance, and a vail trad: of Sea before us, the Eaflern Coaft on the left 
hand,and the Wefternontha right, and defcended by a broad way, 
and by large Windings and Turnings, upon the bare marble rock, 
meeting great numbers of Mules, and Mulcts tolling up their Nets 
about their notes, which all together afforded an extraordinary pro- 
fpedl But this Mountain of the Holy Crofs is not rocky but ali 
green, and it being the latter end of April we defcended with eafe 
and pleafure, and a good part of the way upon the grafs, till we came 
to tlie Sea- fide in the Evening, to Sejiri or Sesiro called by Daute 
in his Purgatory, ^ijiert, lormerly Segejla, at prefent Sejiri di 
Levante^ to diilinguilh it trom Sejiri di ponente^ between Genoa and 
Savona: iW the whole Coafl oi' Genoa being divided intJ the Eaft 
and the Weft, that which l}e5 between Genoa md Legorn is czlkd 
La t'rjiera d: Levant e^ and that between Gema^tnd FroverKe^ La 
Riviera di F^nente. 

22 1 






A Journey from Venice to Genoa. 

m. : ' 


We hired a Felluca , at 5^//r/ , and with the help cf our Savl 
and Oars, had a quick paffage , Croffing fir ft Porto Fin , and 
then keeping all along within half a mile of the Shoar we en- 
tered the noted Port ot Cf«M, between the new Mole, on the right 
hand, and the old Mole, and Fanale or watch tower on the left 
and went on Ihoar not far from the foot of the new Mole. 

t , ■ 



A Tabic. 



% I 

'V' 1 


Aken or Atxla Chapelle 

Amphitheater at N'ifnJts 
Amphitheater at yerona 

Amur a'' the firll flain 


Anterior ^ Tomb 

St. An'ofuos Church 


Apennlne mountains 
Am oh 


Attila Kin<y of the Humes 

Augujhis Cu:fars Jewel 


Baden in Aujlria 

Eafr.n qH Copper 
Baths %\ 


Brafs^ how made 
Bridge of Efeck 
Bridge of / ienna 
Brimjlone Mine 
Brimjioney how made up 


1 72 , Bulgarian habit. 



Admia, or Calmtj 


Curoliis Clufiu y pi 

Car rare ft ji^j 

\ Ca/a Navjy a Baron ^^ 

19<5 1 ^ Chappei in ^^#//a/j built by King 

196 1 Edward the firfl 75- 

io8j Charles the great i8i 

2201 Chermef berry ^ 

15-0 Chremmtz 6z 

ZOO Cinnabar gg 

10, Circumcifion T.-r» 

146; Clag^nfurt or Claudia 

\ Clejch 

Cli^lfura a iliining mountain 

II7j C^/d';/ 
7 5 < Copper Min:s 
56 Corneulurg 


Zi 184 









Cottenberg in Bohemia 



Crown of Hungary 

Curajfe^ a brook 



Delta, an Hungarian Mace 

Dejpoina of Servia 







EDwar4 the firft King of Eng- 
land his Chappel in Ah- 
§iria 7 5 
Eifeyihach 6 1 
fjfeck 2.^ 
Eridanui 2,17 

Execution by a maiden 1 5'5' 



tijhes of the Dannie 






St Giufiina 
Geld Alines 

Cra^d Seignior 
Granus an old Roman 
St Guer 


HAhit of an Hungarian 
Haerlem 94 

H^emus mons ^i 

Hair of the head cut varioufly by 
divers nations 39 

HamLurg j-q 

Heemjkerck ^j 

Heidelberg 1 10 


Herrn grundt 


The hole Cut through 

Hunting houfe at Drefden 
John Hujfe 




JDria 8 1 

St. /(frw/c" ^'i 
Jerome oi Prague . 15 1 

Jews 15-7 

^/^« i6i; 

/r^« turn'd into Copper 69 

Zrc/>g 150 

J tillers i3o 


KAlenherg \ ^ r 
/>u Mujlapha Ba[fa 158 

Kermes i^ 
A';//^;^ J fwallowcd and cut out a- 

Komora j j 

Kmjlkammer at Drefden 'i6^ 

I Ahach^ or Luliana 
M ^ i^^ LuniS 
Sc Lambert 

Lapis Calaminaris 



Lazius his Epitaph 

Z^a^/ Mines 


Leopoldus the Emperor 




Leulel ^ great Mountain 

Library at Vienna. 

Libujja a Bohemian Princefs 









LndovicusKingQi/fyffgjrys deachj ?(?;ff^ 
Luther s Chamber 1 7 


XVl Maejlreicht 


Mala in/ana 








Matthias DoHinger 

Medals of Gold 






Morava or Mofchius 



NewBadt in Aujlria 
Newjidler See 


Ovid^s Epitaph 

Fadus or Po 
talma nova 


Pfalts CaHle 

Phtlippus the Emperors Coyn 


Pont du gard 

Ponteha or Ponte Fella ' 






A ^arry of Stone 

Quickfxlver Mines 



- ,1515. 

Rot er dam. 

SAal . . .^ 

Salt at 10 Pyrrhica T 
Salt' mines 

Saxonies Eledtors rarities. 

Scaldis or Sckeld 

Scaliger^ Jojeph 

Schadt Wien 




Sclavonian Language 


Sene or Sone 


Simerin a great mountain 


Skurman* Anna Maria 
Seds of divers fhapcs 
Sleeping in the nieht, the 
in divers Countrys 

A T A B L E 





Stalle houfe at Drefden 


St Stephens Church at Fienna 

Stone Quarry 


Sultan Mahomet Han 









TAiamento or Tiliaventum 
Tengnageis tomb 
Teutonick order 

Tiheriuss Triumphal Arch 
Tilts and Turnamenf$ 

Treafure of the Emperor 
Trinity mine 
Tun at Heidelberg 
Turkijh Tombs 















V^c/u or Waitzen 
St /^-?// in Carintkia 

Fillaco or Fillach 
Fitriol mine 
Vnicorns horns 


WAllenfieyns Palace. 
Wol^gangus Lazius 

The Zzmenty new and old 
Zirchnttz lake 













Zifldfeldt with its antiquities 77 




r. . • - 

"■ \Um 


■^ ^ ' " f 

■ ■ -rr crl] , /^'ia orb ' 


i* Catalogue of feme BoohpinteJ for BENJAMIN 
T O O K £ ^ /^e Ship />f St. Paul*t Chun^y^yarJ. 


HErndoti HalicarnafjAi Htftoriu- 
rum Libri y.Gf. Lat. 
Francifci Suarcz. TracUtus de Legihus^ 

ac Deo Legi flat ore. 
The Woiics ot the moft Reverend 
Father in God, John Brjwball D. D. 
late Lord Arch-Bilhop of Armagh, 
Primate and Metropolitan of all 
Irdund. Witii his Life. 
Walfl3\ Hiltory of die Injh Remon- 

A Colledion of ail the Statutes now 
^ in force in the Kingdom oi hcUnd. 
Sir Richard Bakst's Chronicle of the 

Kings of En^hTid. 
Bilhop Sa?jderfor2\ Sermons. 
Sir Hum, IVwtlos book of Entries. 
Skinneri EtymologicQn Lifi<rui£ An^iicame, 
AL T. Ciceroms Opera omniu^ cnm de- 
csm Indtcfhtis. i. ^'oL 
.Htylynh^ Cofmography, in 4. Books. 
Mttth. Paris Htftoria Anglic. 
Dr. Naifo^i^s Impartial Colleiflions 
from the beginning of the late Re- 
bellion to the marcher of K. Charles 
the L 2. ro/. 
HtraditHs Rtdens^ or a Dialogue be- 
tween jeft and Earneft concerning 
the times, compieat or any of them 


SEparation of Churches from Epif- 
copai Government, as praftifed 
by the prefent Nonconformilts , | 
Schifmatical.By Htnry Dodwet M.A, 

Dnrmnhri'^ Vindication of the Prote- 
ftant Religion. 

Phacerra^ or the Anatomy of a Porpefs 
' dtfletlcd at OVp/^rfw-Goikge. 
'The Trut Widow,a Comedy. By Tho, 

The Beauty of Unity, in a Sermon 
preached at Prejh»hY ^^^- ^^ot 
£. D. Chaplflin to the Lord Biflaop of 

The Vanity of the Diffenters Plea for 
their Separation. A Sermon preach- 
ed before the King at Windfbr. By 
Rvb. Cktti^htm D. D. 

Of Pcrjurv, a Sermon preached at the 
Affiles at ChHihr. Bv Jtakin Alkn \ 
M- A. Fellow of Trinity Caikge 
in Cumbridgc^ and Chaplain to the 
Lord Bifhop oiChtfltr. 

A Sermon preached before the Hon. j 

Houfe of Commons, Nov, 5. r58o. 
By Henry Dove D. D. Chaplain in 
ordinary to his Majefty. 
A Sermon preached before the Lord 
Mayor ot the City of London 011 the 
Feall of St. AlichueL By Henry Dove 
D. D. Chaplain in ordinary to his 
A Sermon preached before the King 
at IVhtte-haU^Ja-fj,!^. 168^' being the 
feaft of St. Paul\ Converfion. By 
He?iry Dove D, D. Chaplain in or- 
dinary CO his Majefty. Publilhed by 
his lateMajcfty's fpecial command. 
The prefent miferies and mifchiefs of 
fin, difcourfed in a Sermon before 
the Lord Mayor o{ London. By Rob- 
bert IVenfely^ Vicar of ChefiUm, 
A difcourfe concerning the Devotions 
of the Church of Rome^ efpecially 
as compared with thofe of the 
Church of E?JiLind^ 
Oruno ArmiverfarU habits in Theano 
ColL Afed. Lond, a Georjrjo Rogers 
ejnfdem Colkgi Socio. 
A Collcclion oV Cafes and other Dif- 
courfes lately written to recover 
Diiientcrs to the Communion of the 
Church of England, By fome Di- 
vines of the City of London, In two 
Canf^ yeteris Epitaphium, Accedit Cauf^ 

[a foetus concla?nata, 
Concavum Cafpo^loacoriim^f or 3 view 
in little of the great Wit and Hone- 
fty contained under a brace of Caps. 
A Sermon preached at the Funeral of 
Sir Roger ^radJJiatgh Knight and 
Baronet. By Richard IFroe B. D. 
A Sermon preached before the King at 
Winchejier^ Sept. 9. 16S3. By Fran^ 
cis Turner D. D. Dean oflVtndfor. 
A Sermon preached before Sir Hen^ 
ry Tnife Lord Mayor of tiic City of 
London^znd the Court of Aldermen, 
at St. Bridgets^ on Eajhr AlHnd:ty 
1^84. By Francu Lord BiHiop of 
Rochejhr & Almoner to his Majefty. 
A Sermon preached before the King 
at iVhuchaliy 2{ov. 5. 1684. ^J 
Frances Lord Bilhop of £/^ and At- 
moncr to his Majefty. 
The New Teftament in the Jrijh 

Tomgue and Character. 
The Works of the Rcvccend and 
Learned Mr. J-nhn Gregory M. A. 


■. .: /-J 


I I 

■ h 

»'- 1 


..-? ' 

A Catalogue. 

of Chrifts Church in Oxon. In two 

A Brief Account of Ancient Church 
Government, with a Refleftion on 
feveral modern writers of the Pref- 

Ogygia [m rerum Hibermcarnm Chrom- 
iogia : ex fervetuftis monumemis fide- 
liter inter fe colUtis crnta^atejue exfu- 
crif ac prophams Literis primarnm 
orhis gemuim tarn Genealogicis ejitam 
chromlogki's fufflaminata pr^fidijs^ &c. 
CHm Cataloiro t^egnm in Britannia ScO' 
torum. Author e Roderico fUterly ^r- 

A Difcourfe concerning a Guide in mat- 
ters of Faith. 

A Difcourfe concerning Invocation of 

A Difcourfe concerning the Unity of 
the Catholick Church, maintained 
in the Church of EngUnd. 

A Difcourfe concerning Articular 
Confeffion^as it is prcfcribed by the 
Council of Trem^ and pradifed in 
the Church of Rome, 

Oftavo and Twelves. 

Two Letters of Advice, t. For the 
fufception of Holy Orders. 2, For 
Studies Theological. With a Cata- 
logue of the Chrillian VVricers ar.d 
Genuin Works that are extant of 
the firft three Cenurys. S/o. 

Some Con fidei'ations ofPrefenc Con- 
* cernmentjhow farthe Romamftsmay ] 
be trailed by Princes of another 
pcrfualion, &c. 8vo. 
" A Reply to Mr Baxters pretended 
Confutation of a Book entitled, Se- 
f ^.ration of Churches from Epifcopal 
(jovtrnment^ &c. proved Schifmati- 
cal. To which are added threeLet- 
ters written to hina in the year 
1673. 8vo. 

A Difcourfe concerning the One Al- 
tar and the One Priefthood, infiited 
on by the ancients in their Difputes 
againfl: Schrfm. 8vo. 

DfjJ'if'tatio?7es Cwrturrica 8vo. 

Two Ihoi'C Difcourfcs againft the Ro- 
manift?. 12". Thefe fix written by 
Henry Dodrceli M. A. late Fellow 
of Trinity College in Dublin, 

Navigation and Commerce their Ori- 
ginal and Progrcfs. By John Evelyn 
Efquire. 8vo. 

Of Gifts and Offices in the publick 
Workfhip of God. In three parts. 
By Edward Wetenhdl^ D. D. Lord 

Bi/hop of Corke, 
The Sceptical Chymift. By Robert 

Boyle Efquire. 
The Degrees of Confarguinity and 
Affinity. By Robert Dtxon D. D. 8vo. 
Ele^chus ^AntiquitatH.^n Albionenfium, 
Per Dan.Langhormum^ S. T. B, 8vo- 
Chronicon Regum Anglornm ah Hengifio 
ufque ad Heptarchu finem. Per Dan. 
Langhorniurn. 8v o. 
Poems and Song % By Thomat FUtman. 

4th Edition. 8vo- 
Poems written on feveral Occafions. 

By N. Tate, id Edition. 8vo. 
The French Gardinar, out of French, 

By John Eielyn Efquire, 8vo. 
eyftaxix Obflaculum. 8vo. 
Gardinerus de Trinitate contra Sandium, 
The Catechifm of the Church of Eng-^ 
Und^ with Marginal Notes. By £^/- 
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Phsdri JabuU ex recenfjone Chr. Wafe, 
The Country Perfons advice to his 

Farilhoners. 8vo. 
D€s Cdrtes\ Metaphyfical Meditations^ 
with his Life. By Wtiliam Moiy 
neux Efquire. 
The Life of the Bifliop ofMunJler. - 
The Aerial NoBilura. 8vo. 
New Experiments and Obfervati- 
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both by Robert Boyle Efquire. Idem 
Latin. 12°. 
7 healma & Clearchus^^ Paftoral Hiftory. 
Cooper's Grummatita Lingua Ana liean a, 
[Vulgar Errors in Divinity removed. 
A Manual of Examples for School ^. 
ercife. /^ 

Of the Subjed of Church Power In 
whom it lelides. By Stmon Lomh^ 
Vicar o( CofmHs^Blene^la the Dio- 
cefe of Canterbury. 
Dt^tonarium } rilingue fecundum Loeos 
Communes^ nomimhus ufitatioribiu An^ 
glicis^ Latwis^ Gmcis. Opera Joban- 
nis Raij M. A, et Secmatis Regime So- 
daiis. 8vo. p 

Relicjuix Wottoniand. 8vo. 
Herbert's Country Perfbn. 12^. 
The Form of found Words. By Rob- 
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An Enquiry into the Miniftry of the 

Presbyterians. 11". 
Aero-Chalwos : or a Regifter of the 

Air. By N. Henjhaw M. D. 
Ltngard\ Letter of Advice to a young 
Gentleman* 12^ 

* r ; J 

.:■ I'