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Full text of "Calendar of Home Office papers of the reign of George III : 1760-1775 ; preserved in Her Majesty's Public Record Office"

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CALENDARS. 



Instructions to Editors. 



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important and secret papers. 



CALENDAR 

OF 

HOME OFFICE PAPERS 

OF THE REIGN OF GEORGE Hi. 
1766-1769. 



CALENDAR 

OF 

HOME OFFICE PAPEES 

OF THE REIGN OF GEORGE III. 
1766-1769, 

PRESERVED IN 



HER MAJESTY'S PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE. 



EDITED BY 

JOSEPH REDINGTON, ESQ., 

ASSISTAXI KEEPER OF THE PUBLIC RECORDS. 

PUEUSHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE MASTER OF THE ROLLS, AND WITH THE SANCTIO 
HER majesty's SECRETARY OF STATE FOR THE HOME DEP.UtTMENT. 



LONDON: 
LONGMAN & CO., and TEUBNEE & CO., PATEENOSTEE EOW ; 

ALSO BY 

P^KEE & CO., OXFOED ; and MACMILLAN & CO., CAMBEIDGE ; 
» A. & C. BLACK, EDIN^UEGH ; and A. THOil, DUBLIN. 

1879. 



-^ -^0 






CONTENT S. 



Pkeface - - - - - - i 

Calendae ------ 1 

Index ...... 597 



F 723. Wt. B 1249. 



PREFACE. 



The papers hereafter described extend from 1st 
January 1766 to 31st December 1769. Period over 

■^ which the 

The following persons were during this period Sccrc- Ciileiidar 
taries of State :— '^^'*^"^^'- 



KOETHEKN DePAKTMEXT. 

Augustus Henry Fitzroy, 
Duke of Grafton. 

Henry' Seymom' Conway. 
Transferred from the 
Northern Department. 
Announces his appoint- 
ment 23rd May 1766. 
(148.) 



Thomas Viscount Wey- 
mouth. Received the 
seals, &c., 20th January 
1768. (739 and 7M.) 

William Henry Earl of 
Eochford. Received the 
seals, 21st October 1768. 
(1015.) 



Southern Department. 
Hem-y Seymom* Conway. 



Charles Duke of Richmond. 
Received the seals 23rd 
May 1766. (149.) 



William Earl of Shclburne. 
Patent dated 18th Au- 
gust 1766. (252.) 



Thomas Viscount Wcy- 
mouth. Transferred from 
the Northern Department 
21stOctoberl768. (10] 3.) 



Wills Earl of Ilillsboroiigli was appoiutcd one of Ilis 
Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, 21st January 
17G8 (p. 1.22), [Colonial affairs being assigned to him.] 
riiucipal The correspondence with the Lord Lieutenant of Irc- 

Milijucts oi 

the papers, laud occupies a large portion of the volume. The letters 
of Commodore Spry in relation to the affairs of this 
country with the Empire of Morocco are numerous ; and 
there are several papers touching upon the struggles for 
American independence. Troubles in the Isle of Man 
on its acquisition by the Crown, and riots in Jersey, 
produce many papers ; whilst in and about London the 
riots arising out of Wilkes' election, arrest, trial, and 
imprisonment, the riots of the sailors, the coal meters, 
the tailors, the Spitalfields weavers, the labourers in Kent, 
and the sailors at Newcastle, also contribute their quota. 
Restrictions imposed by Government on the British 
workman in his endeavours to carry his skill to other 
countries continue to produce correspondence. 

All the above subjects vnW now be noticed seriatim. 

Ireland. The Lord Lieutenants of Ireland during this jieriod 

were successively the Earl of Hertford, the Earl of Bristol, 
and Viscount Townshend. Of the conduct of affairs by the 
two former uotliing need here be said, such papers as there 
are being of little interest ; but during the administration 
of the government of Ireland by Lord Townshend the 
letters which he wrote to Lords Shelbm-ne and Wey- 
mouth from 1767 to 1769, and their replies, are so full 
of interest, and contain so much of the political history 
of Ireland, that the Editor has thought it deskable 
to attempt a somewhat more detailed sketch, or rather 
chronicle, of the more important political events of this 
period than is contained in Mr. Eroude's second volume 
on the EnrjUsh in Ireland in the Eighteenth Geniury, 
pp. 52-87. Mr. Eroudc has made frequent quotations 



PREFACE, iii 

from and reference to these papers. If any apology is 
necessary for the appearance in this Preface of much that 
is also contaiiied in the ahove volume, it must he found 
in the facility it will afford the reader in tracing the 
progress of events as detailed in the correspondence. 

Very many of the letters are marked " Private," " Private 
and coniidcntial," "Secret and separate," "Most secret," 
or -with some other equivalent term. 

15th Oct. 1767.— George Viscount Townshend having 1767. 
been appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, his safe arrival 
there was announced on this day (578) ; and on — 

20th Oct.— The Irish Parliament met. (585.) 

27th Oct. — One of the earliest questions which engaged 
the attention of Parliament related to the terms on 
which the Judges should hold their appointments. 
The Lord Lieutenant says that his recommendation that 
they should hold their offices during good behaviour had 
met with universal approbation, A second question was 
the appointment of a Chancellor, which had been already 
deferred ; many thought it was a settled point never to 
give the oflSce to a native. A third question was the 
dm-ation of the Parliament ; and a fourth (and one that 
was ever recm'ring) the augmentation of the army to the 
extent of three or fom- thousand men. In respect to this 
last, guarantees were asked that 12,000 men should remain 
in Ireland, (593.) 

29th Oct. — His Escellency the Lord Lieutenant was 
blamed in the Earl of Shelburne's letter of 29th Oct. 
1767 (595) for his explicitness in the speech at the open- 
ing of Parliament, in which his words ought to have been 
general, and further because in His Majesty's name he 
had recommended a provision to secure the Judges in 
their offices during good behaviour, which was expressly 



IV PREFACE. 

1767. contrary to tlae opinion of the Lords who met at the 
Lord President's on the eve of his departure. (595.) 

5th Nov. — The Lord Lieutenant made a spii'ited reply. 
He thouglit he ought rather to have been commended 
than reprimanded. Though at first he had hoped to 
obtain the augmentation as fully as His Majesty could 
■wish, he found the country was unable to bear the 
exjDense. It would be dangerous to attempt an augmenta- 
tion of more than 2,000 private men ; nor would any one 
advise him to propose this, until he could say what security 
His Majesty would' give that the 12,000 men should con- 
stantly reside in Ireland. His Excellency asked if the 
King would give such an assm'ance. He says if anything 
could have enabled him to carry on the King's affairs 
with better success, it would have been punctuality on the 
part of Lord Shelburnc in mforming him (the Lord 
Lieutenant) of His Majesty's determination with respect 
to the appointment of the Chancellor, the determination 
of the Government as to the Septennial Bill, and His 
Majesty's determination respecting pensions, &c. His 
Lordship's letter, his Excellency says, is little short of an 
arraignment, and for this reason he must insist on his 
defence being laid before His Majesty, whereupon, if it 
should not be thought a full answer to every charge, he 
must request to be recalled. (602.) 

5th Nov. — A letter from the Earl of Shelburne, of 
the same date as the last, must have crossed that of 
the Lord Lieutenant. In this it is mentioned that His 
Majesty was unanimously advised to give the assm-ance 
as regards the 12,000 men, as far as was consistent with 
the safety of both kingdoms in case of any sudden or 
extraordinary emergency. The Government were of 
opinion that the dvu'ation of the Parliaments should be 
for eight years. As to the surmise on the part of the 



Irish that the seals were never to be given to a native of 1767 
Ireland, no such exclusion had ever been thought of. The 
Earl further conveys His Majesty's approval of the zeal 
of his Excellency. It was His Majesty's determination 
to keep the granting of pensions in his own hands. (605.) 

13th Nov. — The Lord Lieutenant says that the two 
great obstacles to the augmentation were the state of the 
revenue, and the jealousy of the advocates of the militia 
lest the measure should preclude their carrying the Militia 
Bill. (616.) 

loth Nov. — The Lord Lieutenant was very anxious to 
get the power to make use of these grants of pensions, or, 
as he puts it, to transmit the wishes of the persons whose 
services he was desirous of using at such critical times as 
the present, when he was making an effort to obtain the 
augmentation. (622.) 

15th Nov. — In another letter of the same date the Lord 
Lieutenant writes that he was startled by the project of a 
Short Money Bill, in which the supplies were only to be 
granted for three months at a time. This arose fi-om the 
great discontent which had grown up among all ranks 
of the people at the non-appointment of a Chancellor. 
As this measure would be a great indignity to His 
Majesty, the Lord Lieutenant did what he could to resist 
it. A council was summoned, and the opinion of i^art 
of the King's servants seemed to be that such a motion 
could not be resisted. The members of the House of 
Commons thought tliis was the only certain method which 
they had of obtaining the popular Bills about which they 
were anxious. (623.) 

16th Nov. — Ml*. Ponsonby (who was the Speaker and 
also head of the Bevenue Board), and Lord Shannon (Master 
General of the Ordnance), prevailed upon their friends to 
desist from their motion as to the Short Money Bill, but 



1767. 



yi PREFACE. 

■vverc of opinion that an inquiry into tlie state of the nation 
might I)e taken uji. The Lord Lieutenant again pressed 
upon Lord Shelhurnc tliat some marks of tlie Eoyal 
favour shoukl be bestowed upon tliose who had stood 
" early and tirmly against the torrent." If the Lord 
Lieutenant could prevent an address relative to the Courts 
of Judicature, and could satisfy the people that the Bill 
for limitation of Parliaments would be retm-nod from 
England, he thought His Majesty's wishes with regard to 
the augmentation might be gratified. (621.) 

18th Xov. — There seems to have been a considerable 
misunderstanding between the King's Ministers in Eng- 
land and the Lord Lieutenant as regards the instructions 
given to the latter. His E^-celleucy acted upon a minute, 
given to him by jNIr. Conway, of what took place at a 
meeting the night before he left. This minute, the Earl 
of Shen)iu"ne says, could have been nothing more than 
private notes, the Lord Lieutenant having received by 
word of mouth the fullest instructions, and the whole 
being a fitter subject for confidential conversation 
than for a minute of a Cabinet. The Earl continues 
that the limitation of the duration of Parliaments would 
be supported in council by the King's servants, and that 
the King wondered at the difficulty that was made about 
the augmentation in the army, as it would not be much 
above 3,000 men. His Majesty wished to know the names 
of the principal persons who were for or against it, with 
their reasons ; and as to the promise of 12,000 men con- 
stantly remaining in Ireland, His Majesty would only 
authorise general words to be used, such as — " as far as 
" is consistent with such a defence as the safety of both 
" kingdoms, in the case of any sudden or extraordinary 
" emergency, may require." (G27.) The Earl of Sliel- 
burnc in this letter also touches upon a delicate subject. 



PREFACE. VU 

viz., the tlraATing in question of the nature of the con- 
nexion between Great Britain and Ireland, which, he says, 
it liad always been thought sound policy to avoid. 

21st Nov. — The surmises of the Irish as to the indis- 
position to appoint a native to the vacant Chancellorship 
were fulfilled, for the Earl of Shelburnc announces the 
appointment as Lord Chancellor of Mr. Justice Ilewitt, of 
the Court of King s Bench in England, who was made 
Lord Lifford. (631.) 

21th Nov. — The Earl expresses His Majesty's extreme 
surprise at a motion made in respect to the vacancy of 
the seals, and at the unreasonableness of the clamour. 
In England the seals had at times been kept open many 
months longer. lie says fm'ther that it was impossible 
to express the astonishment felt in England at the design 
of a Short Money Bill, a measme which struck at the 
dignity of the King and the very being of government. 
The contrivers of such a Bill stood condemned both in the 
sight of God and man. It could not be looked upon in 
any other light than as one of the meanest stratagems 
which low cunning, narrow parts, and interested motives 
could suggest to any set of men in public atlairs. His 
Majesty expressed his approval of the Lord Lieutenant, 
and was persuaded that he would be aljle to defeat any 
attempts made to sow mistrust between His Majesty and 
his people. (637.) 

29th Nov. — In an interesting letter the Lord Lieu- 
tenant again returns to the subject of what he should 
have introduced in the speech to the Irish Parliament, 
and gives Iiis recollections of what took place at the 
Lord President's on the evening of 8th Oct. He says 
that he thought and still thinks, both from Mr. Conw^ay's 
note and his own recollection, that he had exactly followed 
what was then absolutely fixed, and what at former meet- 



viii PREFACE. 

iugs had beeu universally agreed to, not without the 
participation of the King himself. He again suggests 
whether it would not he more advisable that he should he 
recalled. (G42.) 

12th Dec. — The Lord Lieutenant gives some indication 
of the means hy which he thought that the augmentation 
might probably be carried. If certain points could be 
obtamed for Mr. Speaker and Lord Shannon they would 
heartily support and carry through the ordinary business 
of the Government, it being understood that they shoiild 
have their share of the disposal of the other f avovu's of His 
Majesty. They thought it absolutely necessary to have the 
assistance of the Duke of Leinster and Lord Tyrone, together 
with that of some of the popular speakers in the House 
of Commons, such as Su- William Osborne, Mr. Flood, &c. 
His Excellency again retiu-ns to the matter of the pensions, 
and says that unless power was given him to be explicit to 
some few persons, as well as to create some new offices 
in the different departments of Government, he feared the 
augmentation would not be carried. {6G4i.) 

In the succeeding letter of the same date (12th Dec.) 
the offices and grants demanded by Lord Shannon, Mr. 
Ponsonby, the Speaker, and the Prime Sergeant are ex- 
plicitly set down ; viz.. Lord Shannon to be one of the three 
Lords Justices, and the office of Examinator of Customs 
now in possession of the eldest son of IMi". Ponsonby, to 
be given to him and his brother. The Prime Sergeant 
expected that a grant should be made to his two sons, and 
the sm-vivor of them, of some office for life of the value 
of 500Z. a year at least, and that his wife should be created 
a viscountess at the end of the session. (665.) 

12th Dec. — The Lord Lieutenant says that he is sorry 
to sav that these are their terms, for he thinks the two 



former at least ought to carry on the King's liusiness 
without any consideration whatever. (065, see also 6G9.) 

16th Dec. — • His Excellency recommends an advance 
in military rank for Lord Bellamont, and that a place 
should be given to Mr. Gore, a brother of Lord Aunaly, 
for his zeal in jiromoting the augmentation, the last 
having conduc d the King's business through the House 
of Lords with great alnlity. (073.) 

19th Dec. — His Majesty still held on to his determina- 
tion not to have the granting of pensions taken out of 
his hands, but promised, however, that he would consider 
the cases of those who should exert themselves for the 
support of the Government and the good of Ireland. 
(678.) 

19th Dec. — A measure which it was thought would be 
popular engaged the attention of the Lord Lieutenant and 
the King's servants in Heland, viz. a tax of 4*. in the 
pound on absentee placemen and pensioners. It was 
originally proposed solely for the purpose of augmenting 
the army. The Earl of Shelburne writes that it was a 
mark of respect due to the Crown, that the King might 
be enabled to exempt from its operation some persons on 
the pension hst, and others who had rendered great ser- 
vices. (67S.) These exemptions, the Lord Lieutenant 
saw, would make the tax produce little or nothing. 
(725.) 

3rd Jan. 1768. — The opening of the year 1768 produced 
a letter from his Excellency in reply to the mortifying 
observations of Lord Shelbm-ne, charging his Excellency 
with inattention in respect to the Money Bill and the 
tax on absentees. He goes very fully into the business, 
and says that the disagreeable parts of the Bill were things 
he could not prevent. He also proposes additional points 
to carry the augmentation through with success. (725.) 

VOL. II. JKj 



X PREFACE. 

lltli Jan.-— Mr. Speaker and Lord Shannon tvould not 
agree to support the aiignientatiou, and v^'cre of opinion 
that any attempt to augment the army hy any other than 
an Irish Act would occasion great dissatisfaction ; and 
the Prime Serjeant judged it in vain to undertake the 
measure without their support : nor woukl the Attorney 
General lend his assistance. His Excellency thought 
that every art would be used to pi'ejudice the minds of 
the people against the measure during the delay, especially 
as the return of the Septennial Bill was deferred. (733.) 

26tli Jan. — Affairs were in a very critical state, and 
his Excellency summoned a meeting of His Majesty's 
principal servants and conductors of the business of the 
Government in the House of Commons, to consider the 
embarrassing motions expected from the Opposition ; but 
he could not get any explicit answer from them in regard 
to their support of the Government. His Excellency 
complains of the weakness of the Government, and the 
impossibility of executing His Majesty's commands. 
(750.) 

28th Jan. — Motions embarrassing to the Government 
continued to be introduced, and his Excellency says that 
Lord Shannon, Mr. Speaker, the Prime Seijeant, and the 
Attorney General had finally deteruiiucd not to take any 
share in conducting the business of the Government ; in 
fact they had gone into determined opposition. His 
Excellency asks for full and explicit instructions in this 
very critical conjunctm'c, and, fm'ther, to whom he was to 
resort ; and whether it would be prudent to apjjly to those 
who were generally in opposition, who were called the inde- 
pendent gentlemen ; also what ought to be done with this 
Parliament. In the present weak state of the Govern- 
ment perhaps nothing less than a prorogation would serve. 
(750.) 



2ncl Feb. — The Earl of Slielhurne mites that His 
Majesty had on the previous day approyed of the Bill for 
limiting the duration of Parliament in Ireland, reserving 
a few alterations. Eight years was to he its limit, and 
the present Parliament vras to determine on the 2ith of 
Jtine next. This -was to be considered a most gracious 
condescension on the part of His Majesty. 

The Earl enclosed a draft of an Act proposed in 
the English House of Commons on the previous day, 
to raise 15,235 men in Ireland. The intention was that 
12,331 men should be kept in Ireland for its defence. The 
King trusted that it Trould meet with the support of the 
majority in both Houses in Ireland. If it failed, the King 
could be no stranger to the scandalous cause of the mis- 
carriage. Those who distinguished themselves in the 
support of the measiu?e would reap in due time the fruits 
of their zeal. (763.) 

10th Feb. — Lord Shelbm'ne observes, in regard to the 
explicit instructions for which his Excellency presses, 
that as he was on the spot, he must be the best judge of 
what would give vigour to the Government ; and whatever 
he suggested would be immediately considered. His Majesty 
left it to his Excellency to make a change amongst his 
servants, and to send for the independent gentlemen as 
suggested, as well as to prorogue Parliament, if the case 
should requu'B it. (772.) 

16th Feb. — The country gentlemen, with the Duke of 
Leinster and Lord Tyrone's friends, had entirely defeated 
the designs of the other prevailing party, and had put an 
end to the inquiry into the Military Establishment, 
The Eoyal assent was given to the Octennial BiU, which 
gave universal satisfaction. His Excellency was much 
afraid, from the dissolution being fixed, it would not 
promote the augmentation; because most of its best 

b2 



friends dared not, as candidates, avow an additional vote 
of credit to augment a standing army. (778.) 

2Gtli Fel). — Tlie Lord Lieutenant thought it desirable 
only to consult with such of the King's servants as were 
hearty in their support ; and with then- aid, and that of the 
independent gentlemen, he hoped to carry the augmenta- 
tion. The country gentlemen were anxious to go to their 
constituencies to look after their elections, and yet would 
be sorry to leave the King's service exposed to the enter- 
prises of ambition. (791.) 

5th March. — The Lord Lieutenant held a confidential 
meeting as to the method of introducing the augmentation 
before Parliament. The opinion seemed to be that there 
would be a difficulty in getting a suQicicnt number of 
members to attend so late in the session, the indepen- 
dent gentlemen being intent on securing their elections. 
There was hardly a county where there was not a contest. 
The meeting submitted that the question should be put off 
till the next Parliament. (800.) 

14th March. — The Earl announced the King's directions 
for the Augmentation Bill to be proceeded with, to be 
proposed in the House of Commons by a message from the 
Lord Lieutenant. In regard to the security, his Excel- 
lency Avas to keep within the words of Lord Shelburne's 
letter of 5th Nov. 1767. (805.) 

19th April.- — The augmentation was proposed on the 
19th of April, when the Lord Lieutenant writes that he 
believed many who wished well to Ilis Majesty's service 
would be afraid to sup]-)ort the Bill on the eve of a general 
election with the same zeal they would exert at another 
time. (844.) 

3rd May. — A motion for an address to His Majesty in 
relation to the augmentation was proposed in the Irish 



House of Commons and lost, the numbers being 108 
against 104. The Lord Lieutenant says tbat the Earl of 
Shannon, Mr. Speaker, Mr. Prime Serjeant, Mr. Attorney 
General, and Mr. Serjeant Dennis had, both in public and 
in private, taken every method by themselves and by their 
friends to defeat the measure. (862.) 

10th May. — The Lord Lieutenant proposed that a dis- 
solution should take place immediately ; as, after the Eoyal 
assent was given to the Octennial Bill, the candidates had 
been almost totally employed in soliciting votes and 
interest. Considerable sums had been lavished, to the 
great encouragement of idleness and riot, amongst tlie 
common peop)le. (871.) 

In a second long letter of the same date he sent three 
lists to show how the members voted, that the King 
might know how many of his principal servants, and those 
peculiarly indebted to his goodness, had ventured to sup- 
port the interest and ambition of a few individuals. Ilis 
Excellency says he is more than ever of opinion that the 
absolute disposal of the several ollices of the revenue, 
subject to the control of the Treasury in England, should 
be placed in his hands. He is the more confirmed in that 
opinion from the great weight some of the Commissioners 
have been able to exert over several members who are 
officers imder them. Asks if there are not some in the 
dilferent branches of the services who ought to be marked 
out as particular objects of His Majesty's displeasure. 
On the other hand, there are men of the first abilities, 
integrity, and property, who have supported the Govern- 
ment, who can be recommended to His Majesty as servants 
to carry on the public business with safety and credit. 
(872.) Is anxious that the Earl of Tyrone, and his brother 
Mr. John Beresford, and others, should have some mark 
of the Boyal favour, (pp. 335, 336.) 



14tli May. — The Eaii of Shelburne writes expressing 
His Majesty's approA'al of liis ExceUeuey's zeal and 
endeaToiu's, and takes it for granted tliat his Excellency 
will prorogue the Parliament in order to a dissolution. 
(880.) 

The Judges' Bill was rejected by the Irish House of 
Commons on 13th May, on account of the additions made 
in Great Britain. (881.) 

17th May. — The Lord Lieutenant was apprehensive of 
interference in the elections by Irish priests, who were 
in some credit in Prance, and who had set out from thence. 
(887.) 

31st May. — The Lord Lieutenant says that this is now 
the crisis of the Irish Government. If a system is at this 
time wisely formed and steadily piu-sued, His Majesty's 
affah's may hereafter be carried on with ease, with dignity, 
and safety. But if only a few changes are made, and this 
particular man raised, and another depressed, possibly to 
be restored in a few months with double power and weight, 
as in 1755, it will only add fuel to the fire, and at last 
bring the Kling's authority in Ireland, low as it is, into 
stin greater contempt. His Excellency again presses the 
carrying out of the recommendations he made on the 10th 
inst. He exjiresses a desire, if a better plan should be 
suggested, which His Majesty would w^sh to be carried on 
by other hands, to be recalled from his government. 
(90G.) 

12th Jiily. — As a little change from the more trouble- 
some business of his government, the Lord Lieutenant, 
with the sanction of His Majesty, made a tour in the 
southern parts of L-eland to acquire a fiu'ther knowdedge 
of the military state of the kingdom. (919, 980.) 

2nd Oct.— The new Parliament was prorogued from 
time to time, " long prorogations being for the ease and 



benefit of tlie subject." Tbe first prorogation " wbich 
■would be yerv acceptable to tbe people in general " (1003), 
was to 20tb Jane 1709, and was followed by successive 
prorogations to 22nd Aug. (1208), and 17tb Oct. (126i). 

2nd Nov. — Tbe Lord Lieutenant recommended certain 
members of Parliament wbo bad supported tbe Government 
to be advanced to tbe peerage of Ireland, to sbow tbat tbe 
support of tbe Crown was to be obtained by bonourable 
service, and not tbrougb tbe recommendations of servants 
wbo, bolding tbe first ofiices and emoluments, bad accus- 
tomed tbemselves to expect tbat tbey were to extend tbcir 
respective followings, wbilst tbey distressed and defeated 
tbe most salutary measm-es of Government. (1023.) 

9tb June 1769. — After lying in abeyance for several 
montbs, tbe questions whicb bad agitated tbe Iving's 
Government on tbe one side, and tbe Parliament and 
people of Ireland on tbe otber, came up again, and Lord 
Weymoutb writes to tbe Lord Lieutenant tbat be sball 
bave every support in tbe administration of tbe affairs in 
Ireland ; for, tbougb tbe picture di'awn by bis Excellency 
is extremely unpromising, and tbe case seems desperate, 
yet, from anotber part of bis Excellency's letter, be does 
not seem to despair of a majority. Instead of general 
support of tbe Government measures, bis Excellency was 
directed to be satisfied witb an explicit declaration on two 
points from members, viz., as to tbe Money Bill and the 
Augmentation, wbicb tbe King was as anxious as ever to 
bave carried. (122Ii.) 

2itb Jime.— Tbe letter of tbe 24tb of June is in reply 
to tbe above. An alpbabetical list of tbe members 
accompanied it, witb a description of bow tbey were dis- 
posed, and by wbom tbey Avere influenced. It was tbougbt 
by no means unprobable tbat tbe business of tbe Crown 
migbt be carried on witbout tbe support of tbe Duke of 



xvi PREFACE. 

Leinster and the priucipal servants of the Crown. His 
Excellency says, however, he cannot confer separately 
with each iudiridual. Those who are douhtful may be 
brought to support Government, and many who are under 
the influence of Mr. Ponsonby and Mr. Lof tus Avill, if 
Goverinneut heep its hand shut against those who oppose 
themselves, quit connexions from which they Avill derive 
no advantages. As to the Money Bill, which was granted 
to cii^jpl^ ihe deiieiency of the hereditary revenue, there 
is not the smallest foundation to imagine it will be 
refused ; and in regard to the augmentation the generality 
of the kingdom acknowledge the necessity of it. Those 
^^'ho stood by the Government, and are still ready to do so, 
should have all the marks of favour which the Govern- 
ment has to bestow, before those Avho, without any pro- 
vocation, have, by all means in their power, involved it in 
difficulty and distress. His Excellency adds as a post- 
script, that he was about to set out imms'diately to finish 
a view he had previously begun, of the southern parts of 
Ireland, in order to make a general report of the de- 
plorable state of military affairs of the kingdom, and to 
suggest remedies. (1233.) 

6th July. — His Excellency could not think but that the 
Government would have a full share of the doubtful list 
of 63, exclusive of those persons of great personal abilities 
who would be secured to GoA'ernment if the situations he 
j)roposed were opened to them. (12-14.) 

Sth July. — In Lord Weymouth's letter in answer to 
that of the 21th of June, he says that it is not His Ma- 
jesty's pleasure that any of his servants who shall obstruct 
his rcasoDable views shall remain in their present situations ; 
Init should they, on mature deliberation, give his Excellency 
reason to expect that he shall not be dissatisfied with their 
conduct, other opportunities must be found as soon as 



possible for providing for some of tlic most emineut of 
the gentlemen who so honourably supported Govern- 
ment during" the last sessions. By His Majesty's express 
permission his Excellency is to contradict the idle report 
that he is to be remoyed. (1248.) 

17th Aug. — His Excellency writes tliat whenever he 
shall be empowered to dispose of the revenue employ- 
ments, as mentioned in his most secret despatch of 21st 
April, the augmentation may be carried in opposition to 
all those alliances which defeated it in the last Parlia- 
ment. In a friendly conference with the Duke of 
Leinster on the same subject, his Grace would not make 
any engagement in regard to this measure. His Excel- 
lency says it would be endless to go over the A'arious 
propositions which have been started on this most im- 
portant matter. There are some who think this a proper 
occasion for acquiring to the Irish Parliament the right 
of voting theii- own army every session, as is now done in 
the British Parliament ; nor can any man say what new 
ideas may be sported in these times, imless Government 
be put upon a fii'mer footing. As for finding other 
opportunities for providing for the friends of Government, 
its favours have been anticipated to such a degree by 
grants of employments for life, and in reversion for life, 
and by filKng others with double names, that he (the 
Lord Lieutenant) has hardly anything to dispose of, 
however pressing the occasion may be for the better 
carrying on His Majesty's business ; whilst, by the variety 
of valuable places Avhich the first Commissioner of the 
Revenue is allowed to give away, his influence is univer- 
sally diffased, and operates every hour in every part of 
the kingdom. He reiterates his proposal, contained in a 
despatch to the Duke of Grafton of the 21st April (not 
among these papers), for the immediate transfer to himself 



7^'>- i'rom the Board of Ptcveuiie of the disi)osal of tlie places 
specified in that dcspatcli ; viz., to remoA'c, before the 
meeting of Parhament, Lord Shannon, Lord Laneshorough, 
and Mr. Ponsonhy, and to substitute the Earl of Drogheda 
to the Ordnance, and Sir Wm. Osborne and Mr. Beresford 
to the Board of Kevenue, and to empower him (the Lord 
Lieutenant) to promise to Mr. Flood the next vacant seat 
at that Board, and to make the other removals and 
promotions therein mentioned, at his o-mi discretion, and at 
his ovra time. Nothing could be so fatal to His Majesty's 
service as that his aifairs should be suffered to relapse into 
the same precarious and subordinate situation in -which 
they stood the last session ; and there was no one who might 
not meet the ensuing Parliament with a better prospect 
than himself, if he were not only to lose the confidence, but 
to expect the reproaches of the former friends of Govern- 
ment. To enlarge the ground of Government, and to 
recover its vigour and authority, had been his first and great 
object. It depended upon English Government to piu'sue 
and confirm this system, but, iintil this should be done, 
the Lord Lieutenant was a mere pageant of State. (1268.) 
In another letter of the same date his Excellency 
mentions that he had received in the most cordial manner 
the fullest assiu-ances of support from Mr. Tisdall, the 
Attorney General, without stipulation for himself or 
others. This would also secure the support of two others, 
who, in the alphabetical list, were put doA^ii as against the 
Government. Mr. Ponsonby had been very active to keep 
his old friends steady and acquire new ones, but had only 
gained two relatives. " These are a people ever ready to 
make aU the advantages they can of Government for their 
own pru'poseSj at the same time that they abide by the 
factions of thek own country, — a game which they have 
often played with the greatest success at the expense of 



PREFACE. XIX 

English Government." Did not recollect a single person 
of any consequence in tlie neighbourliood of Dublin whom 
he had not discoursed with, and endeavoured to gain, save 
only Mr. Prime Serjeant. Thought he would he best secured 
by seeing Sir William Osborne and Mr. Plood received 
into His Majesty's service. If his recommendations were 
adopted the strength of the Government would be estab- 
lished on a very honourable footing, (p. 492.) 

6th Sept. — The Lord Lieutenant was informed that it was 
intended that he should have the powers which he desired 
over the Revenue employments, and that tbe changes 
which he proposed to make in the Ordnance and Revenue 
Boards would be approved. (1279.) 

13th Sept. — The Lord Lieutenant was again on a tour, 
and wrote a long letter, in which he says that he found 
the people in general well convinced of the expediency 
of the much debated measure. He enclosed two 
addresses to show how ineffectual every attempt had been 
to prejudice the people against the Government. Lord 
Shannon and Mr. Ponsonby still continued tlieir opposi- 
tion ; but it was the power they derived from the Crown 
and exercised so largely over the kingdom, which sub- 
jected the minds of the people to them ; and there was 
good reason to suppose that neither of them could preserve 
even their common provincial influence without tlieu' 
offices. He says that the Octennial Bill gave the first 
blow to the dominion of aristocracy in Ireland. It rested 
with the Government to re-establish its own authority by 
disarming those who had turned against it. (1283.) 

11th Oct. — The long asked for assm'ance was given 
from His Majesty to the Lord Lieutenant that 12,000 
men should always be kept in Ireland ; and if the augmen- 
tation could not be carried without, its security was to be 
guaranteed by a clause in an Irish Act. (1310.) 



XX PEEFACE. 

17tli Oct. — Altliougli by this time tlie Lord Licutcnaut 
must have received the letter of 6th Sept., he seemed to 
be under the impression tliat lie had not yet obtained the 
po\ver of removal of tliose wliom lie Avas most anxious to 
dismiss, and so things remained as they were. (1314.) 

22nd Oct. — He again writes submitting modes of carry- 
ing tbe augmentation. His Majesty's servants proposed 
a message from the King under bis sign manual ; whilst 
the Prime Serjeant, on tbe other band, advised a message 
from the Lord Lieutenant, and a security given in an 
Irish Act. Tliese were great constitutional points, and 
tbe Lord Lieutenant desired directions. And he again 
earnestly recommends that those who had exerted them- 
selves in the last session should have some distinguishing 
marks of His Majesty's goodness. He says be waits 
with a good deal of impatience for some decision relative 
to the Revenue employments. (1321.) 

24th Oct. — Lord "Weymouth writes that the powers over 
the Revenue appointments have been granted in the terms 
wliich his Excellency desn-ed, and that after this very 
explicit declaration he is at a loss to understand the cause 
of his Excellency's hesitation. (1324.) 

1st Nov. — Lord Weymouth transmitted the sign manual 
as the means for carrying forward the augmentation ; but 
he says that the plan of the message from the Lord Lieu- 
tenant might be adopted if bis Excellency preferred it. His 
Majesty observed that if it were ever proper to distinguish 
in a very particular manner those who supported Go- 
vernment from those who opposed it, it was at this junc- 
ture. His Majesty considered that tbe augmentation, 
with the secm'ity of 12,000 men kept in Ireland, was a 
measure of obvious national utibty, and he could not 
suppose but that a majority of the gentlemen of pi'operty 
in Ireland, Avho consulted their own interest and the 



PF.EFACE. xxi 

public good, must be for the measure. The peerages 
asked for on tlie 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 1th of the previous 
November were granted to the gentlemen named, and 
these favom's were to be connected as much as possible 
with the question of the augmentation. (1333.) 

About 15th Xov. — On a meeting of the King's servants 
the Prime Serjeant's plan was adopted. A motion to take 
into consideration the number of forces to he maintained 
within the kingdom had been carried against the Govern- 
ment by a majority of thirty. Lord Shannon and the 
Speaker would give the Lord Lieutenant no answer as to 
whether they would support the plan. The Duke of 
Leinster in pretty plain terms expressed his disap})roba- 
tion of any augmentation whatsoever. (1314.) 

21st Nov. — A short Money Bill was the occasion of a 
trial of strength between the Government and the Opposi- 
tion. The latter moved that it should be totally rejected, 
and this was carried by 91 to 71 ; and they resolved that 
it was rejected because it did not take its rise in the 
Hou.se of Commons. The Lord Lieutenant says, these 
extraordinary proceedings are not to be paralleled in the 
history of the country from the year 149G, the era of 
Poyning's law, down to the present time, except in 1C92 
under the government of Lord Sydney, when the House 
of Commons determined the same question exactly in the 
same manner. Their conduct at that time was judged so 
unwarrantable, and so contrary to that constitutional 
dependence in which Ireland then stood and still stands 
to England, that three days after their rejection of the 
short Money Bill Lord Sydney prorogued the Parhament 
for six months. He (the Lord Lieutenant) cannot advise 
His Majesty whether to prorogue, dissolve, or continue 
this Parliament. Their conduct hitherto has pretty well 
unmasked their real sentiments, and shown they mean to 



XXll PREFACE. 

1769. ac'kaowlccl2:c as little as possible the superiority of the 
mother country. 

Tlie Duke of Leinster declared his hostility to every- 
thing cither coming from or connected with the present 
Administration in England ; and when the Lord Lieutenant 
sent for Lord Shannon and Mr. Ponsonby to consult them, 
they begged to be excused from coming to Dublin Castle, 
because their attendance there had occasioned many 
reports injurious to theii- reputation. The Lord Lieu- 
tenant further says that the constant plan of these men of 
power was to possess the government of this country, and to 
lower the authority of English government, which must in 
the end destroy that dependeace which this kingdom had 
on Great Britain. (1347.) 

30th Xov. — In consequence of the above, the English 
Government were unanimously of opinion that His Majesty 
should dii-ect his Excellency to prorogue the Parliament 
for two or three months, and, that as in the year 1692, 
the Lord Lieutenant should euter his protest. (1357.) 

8th Dec. — His Excellency discusses the possibility of 
maintaining the civil and military establishments out of 
the hereditary revenue alone, and postpones the proroga- 
tion until he hears further. (1308.) 

11th Dec. — Upon a consultation with the King's 
servants they expressed the greatest concern at the 
situation into which the proceedings of the 21st of No- 
vember had flung His Majesty's atfairs and the coimtry, 
and thought if the protest were entered it ought to be 
immediately followed hy a prorogation ; for if the House 
were allowed to meet again it would break out into all 
manner of excesses. They also urged the insufficiency of 
the hereditary revenue to support the expenses of Govern- 
ment, and said everything they could to prevent the 



PRIZFACE. xxiil 

experiment from being tried. For tliese reasons liis 1769. 
Excellency put off the protest. (1371.) 

23rd Dec. — The Lord Lieutenant in a very long letter 
recommends tliat Mr. Ponsonby and Lord Lanesboroug'li 
should be superseded, and that John Bcresford, Esq., and 
Sir William Osborne, Bart., should replace them. Mr. 
Beresford was brother to the Earl of Tyrone, and Sir 
"William Osborne was a very able member of Parliament, 
and bad a good knowledge of BoA^enue matters. One or two 
members of the Board of Rerenue should be Englishmen 
resident in Ireland, and regularly bred in the Pievenue of 
England ; — men in whom the English Government could 
confide, for discharging their duty themselves, for prevent- 
ing others from abusing theirs, and for acting eatirely 
with the Chief Governor. He also recommended that Lord 
Shannon, the Master General of the Ordnance, should 
be removed, and replaced by Lord Drogheda ; and that Mr. 
Staples should be one of the Commissioners of the Barrack 
Board, in the room of Lord Loftus, who had attacked the 
Government with Id gratitude and insolence. Mr. Staples 
had been a strenuous supporter of the augmentation. The 
letter also proposes many other similar changes, remarking 
that it is a common trick in this kingdom for people, the 
moment they have obtained a good thing from Govern- 
ment through one Lord Lieutenant, to take the earliest 
occasion of quitting Parliament under his successor ; by 
which means the intention of obliging them is defeated, 
and the influence of the Government is as enfeebled as it is 
at this period. He fiu'ther remarks that the principal share 
of the power and influence of those parties in Ireland, 
which had so long embarrassed Government, was owing to 
the favoiu' as well as the forbearance of the Crown, under 
which they had been cherished, &c. (1391.) 



1769. 23rcl Dec. — The Opposition snatched a yictovy over the 

Govenimcnt on a motion for an address to the Lord Lieu- 
tenant to inform the House -whether he had any instruc- 
tions to prorog'ue the Parliament sooner than iisual. On 
the question of adjourning the dehate upon the Lord Lieu- 
tenant's reply to this motion, howerer, the Government beat 
the Opposition by 111 to 99, notwithstanding the iitmost 
exertions of the great powers, viz., the Duke of Leinster, 
Mr. Ponsonby, Lord Shannon, Lord Lanesborough, and 
Lord Loftus. (1392.) 

26th Dec. — Tlie Lord Lieutenant announces that he has 
giA'en the Eoyal assent to the two Money Bills, has made 
a speech to both Houses, has ordered his protest to be 
entered on the journals of the House of P(}ers, and has 
prorogued the Parliament till 20th March, He also men- 
tions that the augmentation is carried, and all that is com- 
monly called the King's business is finally settled. (1393.) 

olst Dec. — With a letter of his Excellency at the close 
of the volume, announcing that nothing new had happened 
since the prorogation, this notice of the first portion of the 
administration of Lord Townshend may very appropriately 
terminate. (139S.) 
Morocco. The relations of this country with the Emperor of 

Morocco were, as in many previous periods, very unsatis- 
factory ; and amongst the causes for this there were three : 
(1) the crew of the ship "Pitt," which had been cast 
away near Cape Bajador, Avere imprisoned ; (2) Mr. Pop- 
ham, His Majesty's Consul at Tetuan, had been ill treated ; 
and (3) the treaty regulations with regard to exports were 
not observed by the Emperor. 

Commodore Spry says (on 26tli Aug. 17GG) that he was 
invested with full powers to treat with the Emperor, and 
was anxious to prevent an ambassador being scut from the 



1766 



PREFACE. XXV 

latter to England. In order to aA'oid going liimself to 
the Coiu't at Mequinez, lie wrote to the Emperor, and scut 
the letter by Mr. Popham, the Consul, who was then at 
Gibraltar. The Commodore hoped in this way to settle 
everything satisfactorily. (2.55.) The Commodore on 13th 
Dec. gives an acconnt of the result of his negotiations 
with Sidi Abdallali Bumelsoe, a man of great weight and 
influence, who was authorised to treat on the part of the 
Emperor, and was attended by Samuel Sumbel, a Jew, 
who was much in the esteem of the Emperor, and was his 
Secretary of State for European affairs. The hrst two articles 
were seciu^ed without altercation, but the third they refused 
to grant, as they alleged that the Emperor had an undoubted 
right to estabhsh what regulations he pleased in his own 
dominions ; this, however, the Commodore also obtained by 
a threat of leaving, and by some money and presents well 
disposed. He fiu'ther says that he had effectually destroyed 
the monopoly which the Spaniards had been endeavouring 
to accomplish, and had amply provided for the refreshment 
of His Majesty's ships ; and lastly, that he had destroyed 
the private agreement between the Spaniards and the 
Emperor as to the export of cattle. This, he feared, had 
cost 1,000/. (352.) 

16th Jan. 1767. — In the Commodore's interview with 
Mr. Sumbel the latter said he could as easily set aside the 
Spanish treaty as take a pinch of snuff. He complained 
that though he had often been a friend to the English, 
they had never taken the least notice of him, whilst 
the Spaniards were very liberal. A Spanish am1)assador 
was every hour expected, who would bring great presents 
in order to set a finishing hand to the treaties; and Sumbel 
intimated that he could be of service in these affairs. Of 
this the Commodore was very sensible, and promised if he 
would have a regard to British interests be should be men- 



xxvi PEEFACE. 

tioiied to tlic Principal Secretary of State. Sumbcl tlaere- 
upon undertook to take care of English interests. The 
Commodore furtlicr states that the Spanish ambassador 
to the Court of Morocco was carrying thither a present of 
140,000 hard dollars, including a yelvet teut embroidered 
Avith gold. The Commodore was anxious to make a hand- 
some present to Sumbel if he disclosed the secrets of this 
negotiation. He was convinced that a Little occasional 
bullying would have more weight with that Court than 
all the Spanish presents. (-107.) No business could be 
carried on with the Moors but by bribes, and if the 
Commodore had been obliged to go to the Emperor's 
coiirt at Mequincz, 3,000/. would scarcely have defrayed 
the expenses. (420.) 

31st March 1768.— A convention had been concluded 
between the Moors and Spaniards, which, in the opinion 
of the Commodore, could by no means be advantageous 
to us, and he would gladly embrace an opportunity of 
setting them at variance again. (824.) 

In July 17G8 affans in Morocco were again in an un- 
satisfactory state, and the Earl of Shelburne was appre- 
hensive that the Emperor's cruisers might molest the 
British trade. Commodore Spry was again charged with 
the duty of explaining matters to that Prince. He was 
to urge that it could not be to the Emperor's interest to 
break off the constant intercourse between Gibraltar and 
his dominions, in consequence of any new engagements 
he might have entered into with a power which had for 
ages been the enemy of his nation. (960.) 

The Dey of Algiers objected to supply Gibraltar, lest 
he should give umbrage to the Emperor of Morocco ; but 
Commodore Spry says the Moors w^ere so sensible of their 
weakness, and dreaded a naval force so much, that, rather 
than suffer a single shell to he thrown into their town, 



they would oblige tlie Dey to settle matters amicaljly, or 
clej)ose liim. (996.) 

12tli Nov. — The Commodore had written to the Emperor 
and to his Minister for European affau's, and apologises to 
the Earl of Shelburne for his letters which he says will 
requu'e his utmost indulgence, as he has been bred a seaman, 
and is little used to correspondence without the limits of 
his own profession. He hopes, however, that things will 
be restored to their former footing, but, if not, promises to 
answer for little damage being done to His Majesty's 
trading subjects, provided he has an addition of two or 
three sailing frigates. The shutting up of the commimi- 
cation between Gibraltar and the Emperor's dominions 
arose from an additional duty of 25 per cent, on exports 
to Gibraltar, in contravention of a treaty of two years 
before. The Commodore says in his communication to 
the Emperor, that he flatters himself that the Emperor 
will not suffer our enemies to gain their ends by per- 
suading him to distress Gibraltar, under the supposition 
that it may one day fall into their hands. Not all the 
Powers in the Mediterranean combined, will be able to 
wrest it from the King his master, while His Majesty's 
fleets command the sea. (1030.) 

The Commodore on 28tli Nov. encloses the Emperor's 
reply, in which he says that men of sense would have 
sent a great man of oiu' nation to treat with him, when 
the matter might have been settled. " Letters are only 
toys for children. If the Consul was good for anything, 
he might have settled it ; biit, poor simple mian that he is, 
he is fit for nothing but to amass the salary he receives 
from the King, and to serve his own family pm'poses, &c." 
He asks, what would the world think if he gave way, and 
suffered vessels to load according to the former rule, i^c. 
He demanded payment of 9,000 Mexican dollars, and con- 



XXVUi PREFACE. 

1769. fonnity with the additional duties, &c., or the giving up 
of a jicrson engaged in contraband trade. (1011.) 

The application for the addition of the three sailing 
frigates Avas responded to on 27th Jan. 1709, by an order 
for two frigates of 32 guns, and two sloops of 14< guns 
each, for the service required. The Commodore's conduct 
was approved, together with that of the Governor of 
Gibraltar (Lieut.-Gcneral Cornwallis). (1120.) 

2nd March. — Mr. Popham, His Majesty's Consul 
at Tetuan, had been put in prison, and when released 
proceeded to Gibraltar, from whence Commodore Spry 
wrote to the Emperor, comj)laining of the indignity. In 
his letter to Lord Weymouth he asks for instructions on 
this flagrant violation of treaties. He further says it is 
very plain that his Imperial Majesty wants a person from 
England to be sent to him with a present ; which would, 
doubtless, reconcile all differences for some time ; but it 
is certain no reliance can be placed on so capricious and 
avaricious a Prince. (1125.) 

On the 7 th of March Lord Weymouth informed the 
Commodore of the reinforcements sent out, and in his 
instructions left it pretty much to the discretion of the 
Commodore whether it should be peace or war with the 
Emperor ; but he said a rupture with the Emperor was to 
be avoided, if possible, and recommended the utmost temper 
and calmness in all his proceedings, to make the strictest 
inquiry into complaints, &c. (1133.) 

The Consul was by no means to return from Gibraltar 
till proper satisfaction was made. (1117.) 

The Commodore intended immediately (11th April 
1709) to proceed to the port of Mogador, from whence he 
Avould despatch Sir Jacob Wheate, one of his lieutenants, 
to the Emperor's Court. Was of opinion that it would 
bring the Emperor to temper and moderation, and would 



settle matters. If this failed he would blockade their 
ports. (11G5.) Sir Jacob Wheate was received at Moga- 
dor by the Alcaide or Governor with the highest marks of 
distinction and friendship, but Avas not sull'ered to proceed 
on his journey till the Emperor had been informed of his 
arrival. There was every reason to hope that all dilR- 
culties would vanish, (1191.) These hopes were fulfilled, 
for the Commodore writes on 22nd May that Sir Jacob 
had executed his commision to the Emperor entu-ely to his 
(the Commodore's) satisfaction, and his Imperial Majesty 
had reopened all the ports and restored things to their 
former footing. (1203.) The Commodore writes on 7th 
June more particularly how these matters had been 
settled. The Emperor had apologised for confinmg the 
Consul, and had returned him double the amount which 
was asked ; and on our side the smuggler was to be 
banished from Gibraltar. Sir Jacob Wheate was de- 
spatched to England to lay before the King the subjects 
of the conversations he had had with Muley Idris, who 
was very instrumental in reconciling these differences. 
(1223.) But on the return of Consul Popham to Tetuan, 
although he was well received, further complications arose 
about the supply of provisions to the King's ships. 
(1225.) 

In June 1769 Captain Charles Proby was appointed to 
relieve Commodore Spry in the command of H.M.'s ships 
in the Mediterranean (1232), but the Emperor having 
assembled a force at Tangiers, and thus given rise to some 
suspicion, Commodore Spry was still keeping a watch over 
the cruisers, not knowing what their destination might be. 
(1265, 1271, 1280.) 

Eurther letters show how difficult it was to keep satis- 
factory relations with the Emperor. ]\lr. ildams, writing 
to the Commodore, says he had been ten years in Barbary, 



Araericn. 



and hficl seen almost every nation at variance with him, 
one after another, and every one at last had been obliged 
to come to his terms. From these letters it vrould seem 
that the Emperor had then no immediate intention of 
breaking with His Majesty. (1290, 1297.) 

The Alcaide of Tangier, by orders of the Emperor, again 
refused towards the end of 1769, to let British men-of-war 
have anything without paying duty, not even a drink of 
Avater, and they were to be considered his worst friends. 
The Vice-Consul was about to send away all British vessels, 
whether laden or not, whilst the Spanish men-of-war were 
to have everything they wanted, duty free, and without 
paying anything. (132G.) 

Commodore Spry's affairs with Morocco finish by his 
asking for payment of his account. (1360, 1365.) 
N.irth It will be seen by resorting to the Index how many 

references there are to North American atfairs. At the 
commencement of rebellion against the mother country, 
tiunults arose at Boston, Rhode Island, &e. It was 
apprehended (3rd Jan. 1766) that when the stamped pajjer 
arrived at New England it would only be safe on board 
the King's ships ; and the Governor of Massachusetts Bay 
expected that the violent proceedings of the House of 
Assembly, and the increasing licentiousness of the people, 
would oblige him to quit the government. The distributor 
of stamps for the province of Maryland was forced 
by the violence of the mob to flee to New York ; and 
Governor Eranklin requested that if the stamps for the 
Jerseys arrived at Ncav York they should be put on 
board the King's ships, the fort there being full of men 
and military stores. A ship arriving in the Delaware 
River, with stamped paper for Pennsylvania and Mary- 
land, was received by the vessels with ensigns half mast 
high, or with the Union downwards. (1.) Virginia was 



also in a state of tumult, and if tlie military were called 
upon to act civil war was apprehended. (27.) The 
people of New York Averc quieted by the declaration of 
the Grovernor, Sii- Henry Moore, that he would not meddle 
with the stamped papers. (J;l.) Major-General Gage, 
the Commander-in-chief of the forces in America, ex- 
pressed his sorrow at not receiving any requisition from 
the civil magistracy for military aid, as the disturbances 
had been so much beyond riots, and so much like the 
forerunners of open rebellion, that he wanted a pretence 
to draw the troops together. (83.) Riotous proceedings 
continued to prevail, and at New York, &c. stamped 
papers were burnt, and any one who dared to purchase a 
stamped paper was threatened with destruction, and this 
by people calling themselves the respectable populace. (81.) 
It is, perhaps, unnecessary here to go fiu-ther into 
the progress of events than to refer the reader to the 
correspondence of the Earl of Shelburue with IMajor- 
General Gage, the Commander-in-chief, which shoAvs the 
repressive measures resorted to, proposals for quartering 
troops, management of the Indians, &c. The conduct of 
these affairs by the Commander-in-chief received His 
Majesty's approbation. One of the most important letters 
on these matters is numbered 34=8. 

The Crown had taken possession of the Isle of Man, isle of Mar 
as Avas mentioned in the last volume. Governor Wood 
details his proceedings in relation to the new acquisition. 
He sends an important letter on 28th Jan. 1766, giviug 
the nature of the revenue, and other interestmg parti- 
cvilars. He was anxious to ascertain the extent of the 
rights of the Crown, as well as what he was to give up to 
the Duke of Athol. (30.) 

Major Pennington, a young gentleman on whom it had 
been necessary to hold a court-martial, gave the Governor 



great concern. (76, 90.) The Major was Uamcd by the 
Secretary-at-War, who directed hiiu to make a proper 
submission to the Governor, but the latter was instructed 
to give all orders to the troops through the Major. (133.) 
The Governor replies that he never had given aiiy orders 
relative to the troops but through the Commanding Officer. 
(110.) In addition to the Governor's other troubles, he 
had not received a farthing salary, nor funds for any 
service whatever, from the 17th May 17G5, when the 
Island was vested in the Crown, till 11th Aug. 17GG, and 
all the public entertainments formerly allowed by the late 
Lords Proprietors had been defrayed at his own expense. 
(IIG, 215.) 

The inhabitants complained much of want of employ- 
ment, and sent a deputation to London to represent their 
^■rievances. The best remcnly the Governor could suggest 
was the promotion of agriculture and manufactures, and 
he started a society for that purpose, called " the Manx 
Society." (125.) As the Governor had been informed 
that the deputation Averc making representations to the 
Treasury as to the manner in which the government of 
the Island was conducted, he took the opportunity to 
relate bow he had carried out his duties, — and makes the 
very satisfactory statement that there had been no felons. 
lie said he had no funds, but he would pay charges out 
of his own pocket rather than suffer the public business to 
be interrupted. (183.) -V very unsatisfactory appoint- 
ment the Governor must have had, for, after having tilled 
it for fourteen inonths, l;o takes the liberty, on 2Sth Aug, 
17GG, of asking v^'hat his appointments are worth, in 
order that, if he cannot have his salary at present, 
he may regulate his expenses and form his plans 
accordingly. (258.) He had not yet obtained a settle- 
ment on 10th Oct. 1707. (573.) In one of his letters 
he mentions a scheme to annex the Island to the county 



of Cumberland, Trliich was causing the greatest coustcr- 
nation. (lil.) In September 17G8, the Governor's 
salary and that of the Attorney General had been settled, 
and the Governor made j^i'oposals for the salaries of other 
officials likewise to be fixed. His letter gives in addition 
information as to the duties, &c. of the officers. (1000.) 

The Governor on 8th Feb. 17G9 forwarded a petition 
of the " Keys of the Isle,'' with liis warmest recommenda- 
tion. The principal gentlemen and merchants had had 
a meeting to promote a scheme for the repeal of certain 
restrictive clauses in the late Acts relative to the Island. 
The people were most loyally attached to His Majesty's 
person and government both in Church and State, al- 
though rents had fallen in the trading towns. The 
merchants were asking that the Island should be put on 
the same footing as Ireland. (IIIG.) 

A series of letters, &c. from 9th Oct. to 3rd Dec. 1709, Eiots in 
relating to the riots in Jersey, the people having caught the '^^^^^' 
epidemic for riot which was then raging, is fully described 
between pp. 528 and 533. The mob forced the Lieut. 
Governor and other officials to pass some extraordinary 
Acts, highly derogatory to His Majesty's authority, — 
keeping them confined in the Courthouse for five hours, 
in continual apprehension of falling a sacrifice to the fury 
of the multitude. (1361.) 

The spirit of disaffection fostered by John Wilkes Tviots ana 

1 • J 1 • • ■ , . ,1 , - . - , , ilisturliances 

culmmated m very serious riots m the year IvOS, and tliese ,,..,, ,_, 

engaged the most anxious attention of the Government. 

Sir John Melding, Chairman of the General Quarter 

Sessions of "Westminster, fell under the blame of 

Lord Weymouth, for not having rendered assistance 

against the riotous mob on the night of the illumination 

on the occasion of the election of Wilkes as member for 

Middlesex, and was asked for an explanation of his con- 



duct. Sir John replied tliat he had done everytliing in his 
power to preserve peace and good order. (830.) As a 
precautionary measure the Duke of Northumherland 
suljuiitted to the Secretaries of State whether it might 
not be expedient that the arms belonging to the Middle- 
sex militia, deposited in places of little security, should 
be removed to the Tower. (840.) 

The letters in the Domestic Entry Book, vol. 25, be- 
tween pp. 54 and 159, detail the measures taken against 
the riotous proceedings which occvirred upon the election, 
arrest, trial, and imprisonment of Wilkes. The abstract 
of them contains a minute narrative of the proceedings 
in London, Westminster, and Southwark at this very 
critical time, running over the three months which ended 
on 30tli June 17G8. (936.) The riots of the sailors and 
the coal-heavers are also alluded to in this correspondence, 
(pp. 356-7.) The magistrates during this harassing 
time were sometimes cautioned, sometimes commended, 
sometimes blamed ; but they probably made the best 
arrangements in then power under such trying circum- 
stances. In regard to the rescue of Wilkes, Lord Wey- 
mouth dccKned to exculpate them, until he had reasons 
for changiug his opinion (p. 359) ; but, in the end. Sir 
John Fielding, and the magistrates who had acted 
with him, all received his Lordship's hearty thanks, 
(p. 36L) 
Other riots lu addition to riots in connection with John Wilkes, 
others by sailors about their wages took place in May 
1768. The spirit of dissatisfaction manifested in the 
Xortli showed itself also in London, where the sailors 
unmanned the ships, and disabled them from going to 
sea. (866, 869, 870, 871, 891, 910.) The rate of wages 
demanded by the sailors was 37*. a month. (978.) The 
Hiidson's Bay Company conipli<>d with the still higher 



iu London. 



PREFACE. XXXV 

demands of their crews for 4,0s. per month, and the ships 
proceeded on their voyages. (899.) The coal-meters 
were threatened by the coal-heavers if they should assist 
in doing sailor's work. (902, 903.) Sir John Fielding 
considered that the coal-heavers lahom-ed under some 
grievances which required to he redressed by Parliament. 
(924-.) Certain of them were executed at Shadwcll in 
July. (959.) 

To add to the disturbances in London, the tailors in 
May 1768 were cndeavovuing to compel their fellow 
journeymen to join them in obliging the trade to raise 
their wages, and Lord Weymouth was very earnest with 
the Lord Mayor and Su' John Fielding to prevent their 
rising. (883.) Though they were unable to prevent a 
meeting, which took place in Lincoln's Inn Fields, yet 
they persuaded them to send a deputation of six persons 
only with their petition to the House of Commons. 
(884.) 

The persons charged with the outrages in Spitalfields 
in Sept. 1769 were prosecuted by the Government. 
(1302, 1303.) The outrages were perpetrated by weavers, 
or, as they were called, " cutters," from their practice of 
cutting the looms. They seem to have been in combina- 
tion with journeymen weavers in Dublin. (1317.) On the 
question of the place of execution of two of these cutters, 
who, it was proposed, should be put to death in Spitalfields, 
where the outrages were committed, there was quite a 
correspondence. It arose because there had been no 
order of the Cou.rt for their execution in an imusual place, 
as was the case with the coal-heavers. (1356.) 

A collection of letters, &c., from 2Sth Sept. to 18th 
Dec. 1769, relative to the proceedings of these cutters or 
" banditti," and to the steps taken by the magistrates and 
others for their suppression, is described under No. 1382. 



XXXri PREFACE. 

Riots at 111 the spring of the year 1768 riots of sailors and others 

occurred at Xewcastle, and the measures taken to assist 
the magistrates are alluded to in letters numbered 837, 
839. 

Appre- 111 Kent also, in the month of May 1768, the poor 

bended riot 

in Kent. people ■^vcrc incited to raise a mob to force the farmers to 
sell their Avheat to the millers, or to poor people, at 101. 
a load, and the millers were threatened with destruction 
of their mills if they paid more. (896.) 

Riots at There were also riots in the county of Oxford, more 

otiior places. " 

particularly at Oxford and Woodstock, on account of the 
high price of wheat and proyisions, (285,) and at Leicester, 
Gloucester, and Xottinghani (300). 
The iron i^ fj^e last Yolume Mr. Samuel Garbett occupied a 

and other 

trades, and prominent position in regard to measures for restriction 
on tlie * "jf imports in the iron trade ; and in this Tolume there are 
various letters written by him, complaining of the import 
of iron in its manufactured state from Sweden and Russia, 
and also of the seduction of workmen to foreign coimtries. 
He states that although he had succeeded in a trial of 
some offenders, the punishment vras in a great degree 
evaded. (82.) Much information is afforded in papers 
numbered 112 and 312, as to the importation of plate-ii'on, 
chiefly from Sweden by the Carron Company, with which 
Mr. Garbett was connected. 

Mr. Garbett's opinion was that some one was sorely 
needed, who was intelligent, and who bad enlarged views, 
to take the lead in. considering om- commerce as a subject of 
politics. lie says he would be heartily glad if Mr. W. Burke 
were a member of the legislature, to lend a steady band 
to the protection of manufactures, and the establishment 
of commerce. (131.) lie further wanted a committee 
of the House of Commons appointed to consider the state 
of British manufactures for exportation. (320.) The 



British 
■workman. 



PREFACE. XXXTU 

success of the Englisli workmen at Gothenburg was still 
a vexation to liim (134), and he Avould fain have hatl them 
ontLawed if they did not return (309). Tlie Law was 
brouglit to bear upon one of his apprentices, who was in 
prison at Edinburgh (203), for his intention of going 
abroad to forward foreign ironworks. Mr. Secretary 
Conway, under a pressure that had been put on him, 
■writes to the Lord Advocate to have the laws on this 
subject stringently enforced. (222.) The Lord Advocate 
sends his reply on 16th Aug. 1766. (251.) He mentions 
the Acts which regulate these matters, the bail to be 
taken, &c., and says that he had written to the sheriiTs 
to apprehend any persons concerned in the seduction of 
artificers. Additional steps were taken in respect to 
these runaway artificers, the Attorney General's opinion 
being asked as to whether they had brought themselves 
under the law\ The influence of the chaplain at Gothen- 
bm'g also was exerted, and he ehcited from them that they 
could make more money there, and did not care for the 
outlawry. Kennaway, who was one of them, accused 
the Carron Company of villanies on then part, and of 
employing British subjects improperly in foreign countries. 
(414.) 

The care of the Government was further exerted that 
the British workman should not carry his skill abroad in 
the steps taken to break up the manufacture of iron and 
steel in HoUand. (107.) 

The miners in Cornwall were also under siirveillancc lest 
they should go off to Portugal, where a mine had 1)cen 
discovered. (1267.) 

The subject of the sale of army commissions is illus- Price of 
trated by the copies of various printed letters described |^i"s'lunT." 
under No. 45. The highest priced commission for the 
fii-st lieut.-colonelcy of the first and second troop of 



PREFACE. 



The Ogilvie 
case. 



Horse Guards -was estimated at 5,500/. Other values are 
also gircu, and tlie letter numbered 85 is on the same 
subject. 

The sequel to the Ogilvie case, alluded to in the former 
Preface, will be found in the letter numbered 89, where 
the particulars are given of the escape of Mrs. Ogilvie 
from her prison at Edinburgh. She was to have received 
sentence of death on the following Monday, but she made 
her escape in male attire, and with four horses distanced 
her pm-sucr. 

The question of the reception and entertainment at 
Court of an Infidel Ambassador is discussed, and as a 
question of law was referred to the Attorney General. 
(226, 229.) 

A convict condemned to die deshes that the laws may 
not be broken by his being transported, death being all 
he requires. (2ii.) 

The state of trade and commerce in the East is much 
illustrated by divers copies of reports transmitted by the 
Board of Trade to the Earl of Shelburne, numbered 264. 
Tardon of John Bcuham, under sentence of death for housebreak- 

conditiou of iiig) has a pardon granted to him, on condition of having 
a limb amputated, in order to try the styjotic medicines 
discovered by Mr. Thomas Pierce (510. ) 



An Infidfl 
Ambassador. 



Strange 
petition of 
a convict. 



Trade 
East. 



limb. 



the 



IJequest of 
pardon for 
criminals. 



Mr. Humphrey Morice, M.P. for Launceston, was most 
anxioixs about the pardon of two criminals, apparently 
not so much for the criminals' sake as to stand upon 
good terms "vvith the electors, it being the eve of a 
general election. One of them was reprieved by the 
Judge, and the people were more than ever anxious that 
the other should be saved. (548, 551.) His Majesty, 
however, did not see fit to comply with their wishes, as it 
had been his invariable ride to pay the greatest regard to 



tlie opinion of the Judges, and in this case tlie Judge's 
opinion was adverse to a pardon. (56i.) 

Various papers relating to Lieutenant James Cook, Lieutenant 
tlie great circumuayigator, are noticed under 21tli April 
1708. He was then complaining of the ill-treatment 
he had received from the Portuguese Viceroy at PJo-de- 
Janeii'o. (1171.) 

Lord Weymouth sent a circular to varioiTs foreign Conti-ibu- 
ministers, instructing them to communicate such articles Lotion 
of foreign intelligence or news as might appear proper to Gazette. 
he inserted in the London Gazette, as the writer of that 
paper had complained that the reputation of his paper 
was greatly lessened, and the sale diminished, hy the small 
portion of foreign news supplied. (1215.) 



It only remains to the Editor to acknowledge his great 
indehtedness to E. A. Roberts, Esq., Barrister-at-Law, 
of this Department, for his valuable assistance in the 
jH-eparation of the volume. The abstracts have been 
made by him, as well as the Index, and he has largely 
helped in carrying the whole through the jn-ess. 

Joseph Piedixotgn. 
5th April 1879. 



r,r.. Seventh line from /jultiwi. For rake rcail take. 

152. No. 40.3. Misplaced. For 12 Jan. rear! U June. 

3 IS. Ten Ih hue from top. Insert ani before a^pTonng. 

336. Last line of No. 872. For Henry Deane read Robert Deane. 



CALENDAR 



1I03IE OFFICE TAPE lis. 



G i'ORGE 111, 

A.D. 1766. 



1 Jan. 1, J. C. Roberts to Charles O'Hara, Esq. 

nom.EntryjJk., Informing liim, in order that he may give tlie necessary direc- 
V. -,p. ,.. tions before his departure, that when the transports that are to 
carry out the three companies to Senegamhia shall have arrived 
at Senegal, orders have been given by General Conway for one of 
them to proceed to the River Gamliia with such a number of 
soldiers and others as he (Mr. O'Hara) shall direct. — St. James's. 

2 Jan. 2. Moxs. Stapletox to the Duke of [Grafton]. 

Dora.^Geo. III., jjas written to His Majesty to beg him to consider the cruel 

'"^ ' ' ' ^' ' position in which he is placed, being unable to satisfy his creditors 
without the present which is usually given to Ministers of his 
rank. Represents that he has not a sou to set out from hence, and 
to satisfy the demands of some domestic spies, who, without it, 
will betray him. Places his case in his Grace's hands. (French.) 
2 pp. 

2 Jan. 3. Moxs. Roubaud to " [Williaji] Burke, Esq., Under Secretary 

Dom. Geo. III., of State for Southern Province, at General Conway's, in 

i.cl.78, No.2. Privy Garden, at London." 

The decree for his destruction is pronoimced. Never was man 
so unfortunate as himself Mr. Larpent is in error in saying that 
the voyage to Holland by the packet only costs a shilling. It 
costs more than two guineas, without provisions. Captains of the 
packet, when charitable enough, sometimes give beggars a free 
passage, but no one would do so for a man like himself Came 
to Dover, having been told that it was the starting-place of the 
packet for Holland. Finds now that it goes from Harwich 
{Erage). Is obliged, therefore, to return to London, where he will 
arrive without a penny. Makes no demand, having no right to 
do so ; but asks, as he came to London by order of General 
Murray, and with the consent of the Jesuits, wliether that Society 



CALENDAR OF 



170(1. 

cannot be compelled to pay for his support. In some Catholic 
countries he would but have to apply to a magistrate, and an 
order would immediately be issued to the Jesuits to pay for his 
support. When once he found a subsistence, would work for 
England, and for her willingly sacrifice his blood. Alludes to his 
devotion for Mi-. Conway. Now waits for release fi-om his position 
through the Jesuits, one of whose Aumber he is, being compelled 
to support him. — Dover. {French) 2| pp. 

3 Jan. 4. The Lords of the ADiaRALXY to Mr. Secretary Conway. 
Dom. Gio. in., Sending copies of letters from Bear Admiral Lord ColviU, 
No 5^ a' toe Commander-in-Chief of H.M.'s ships in North America, giving an 
account of the proceedings of himself and some of the captains 
iinder his command, in respect to some tumultuous transactions at 
Boston, Rhode Island, &c., on account of the stamps ; and also of a 
coiTespondence that passed on the subject between Governor 
Ward at Rhode Island, and Captain Leslie, of the "Cygnet" 
frigate. 

The enclosures : — 

(No. 52 b.) Lord Colvill says that Governor Bernard was 
apprehensive it would be necessary for the stamped paper, when 
it arrived for New England, to be secm-ed on board the King's 
ships, except what was intended for Boston. The " Viper " should 
be sent for a short time to Boston until the present tumults should 
subside. 

(No. 52 c.) Again he says, Governor Bernard, of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, informed him that he was apprehensive the violent 
proceedings of the House of Assembly, and the increasing licen- 
tiousness of the people, would oblige him to quit the government 
or at least the town of Boston, before the winter. As it was 
impossible to foresee what turn the affairs of his government would 
take, Captain Wallace was to receive his Excellency and family, 
and proceed with them to Spithead if all other expedients failed. 
If the Governor was not forced to quit his government he wished 
that it might not be known that he had had any such thoughts. 
Mr. Zachary Hood, distributor of stamps for the pro\'ince of 
Maryland, had acquainted him (Lord Colvill) that the violence of 
the mob had forced him to fly to New York, and he had desired that 
a sloop might lie off Annapolis for the security of the stamps then 
daily expected. An application had been made that in case the 
stamps for the Jerseys arrived at New York they should be lodged 
in the fort, but the fort was full of men and military stores. 
Governor Fi-anklin had therefore requested that the stamps might 
"be put on board the King's ships. He presumed these riotous 
proceedings with regard to the Stamp Act were regularly sent 
home by the officers. 

(No. 52 d.) When the ship with the stamped paper for the 
provinces of Pennsylvania and Maryland arrived in the River 
Delaware, the '• Sardoine " attended her vip to Philadelphia. As 
soon as they " opened " the harbour, all the vessels in it either 
hoisted their ensigns half mast up, or spread them in the topmast 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 3 



pel. 136. 



176G. 

shrouds with the Union downwards. The merchants wanted the 
ships to go alongside the whai'f, and to land the stamps as com- 
mon merchandize, in order that it might be destroyed. Since the 
31st [of October] the people had been extremely riotous. 

(No. 52 e.) This is a correspondence between Capt. Leslie and 
Governor Ward, arising from a rumoured attempt to be made by 
the inhabitants of Newport on the fort at Newport, Rhode Island, 
in order to turn the guns of the fort on the " Cygnet " in case it 
should endeavour to protect a sloop, on which an attempt was also 
to be made by armed boats. This rumoui- the Governor treats as 
idle. But the Captain, in his reply, reiterates his belief in its truth- 
fulness. The town had been in the possession of a mob for four 
days, led by a vagabond named Crandall. In his letter to Lord 
Colvill he says, " They seem to be determined, and I verily believe 
will burn the stampt paper when it arrives, without it is put on 
board the 'Cygnet.' " ly pages or parts of pages. 

4 Jan. 5. The Lords of the Treasury to Mr. Secretary Conway. 
Dom. Misc., In answer to the memorial of Prince Ferdinand, claiming re- 

payment of money said to have been advanced to the British 
Commissariat by Mr. Meinecke, the Hanoverian Held cashier, out of 
the chest of contributions in Germany, which advances are stated 
to have been made mostly without any order or note from Baron 
Behr. The memorial further states that the Hanoverian Chan- 
cery of War could not repay these advances to the Prince because 
their demands for the same had been disallowed in part by the 
Commissioners for German Demands. 

These advances were not made to the English Commissariat, as 
alleged, but to the Hanoverian Chancery of War ; and it is. not 
pretended that the British Treasury or Commissariat ever directed 
the Hanoverian Chancery to borrow these sums or any other from 
the said chest. Contributions of forage and provisions and money 
levied in Germany during the late war were at the sole disposal 
of his Serene Highness, and never subject to the care, custody, or 
control of the British Commissariat. These same sums, now 
demanded, were claimed at the office of the Commissioners of 
German Demands by the agent for the Electorate of Hanover, as 
expenses defrayed by the Chancery of War for the use of the 
combined army. The second and third of these claims wei'e allowed, 
but the first and fourth were examined, according to the general 
instructions, and upon the same principles which have been applied 
to other German demands already liquidated. 

Everything has been allowed to the Hanoverian Chancery which 
the Commissioners had a right to allow. If claims not founded on 
the authority of the British Commissariat, nor supported by proper 
vouchei-s, were now to be met, it would be contrary to rule, and 
unjust to those whose claims have been already liquidated. His 
Serene Highness's demand remains on the Chancery of War only, 
and the disallowance of the articles of expenditure of these sums 
by no means alters the claim of Prince Ferdinand as the original 
lender upon the said Chancery, to whom the advances were con- 



CALENDAR OF 



4 Jau. 

Scotland, 

V. 46, 
No. 151. 



10 Jan. 

Draft in 
Isle of Man, 
V. l,No.2G. 

Entered in 
Isle of Man 
Entry Book, 

1765-1817, 



10 Jan. 



12 Jan. 

Militia, 

pel. .3, 1 761-7 i 

No. 22 a, b. 



1-i Jan. 

Dom.EntryBk., 
V. ?.4, pp. SO-3. 



1.5 Jan. 

Isle of Man, 
V. l,Xo. 2S. 



fes.seclly made, and that without any intervention of the British 
Trea.sury or Commissariat. 

A translation of Prince Ferdinand's letter to Capt. Lutterloh, 
giving particulars, is annexed. 7 j'i-^- 

6. Chas. Lowndes to Richaed Stonehewee, Esq. 
Transmits a copy of a report of 14th December ult. from the 

Commissioners of Forfeited Estates in Scotland, on an addi-ess 
from the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and on a 
report of the state of the Highlands and Islands made by 
Dr. Walker. The Lords of the Treasury are of opinion that the 
matters proposed in Dr. AValker's report are highly proper to be 
carried into execution, and that the Commissioners .should be 
dii'ected to jiroceed thereon as fast as they can consistently with 
the completion of such other jjlans as have been akeady approved. 
— Treasury Chambers. 1 p. 

7. Duke of Grafton to Governor Wood. 

Has received his letter of the 10 Dec. enclosing a list of the 
present establishment of peace officers of the Isle of Man, and 
of those he proposes to be continued. This and several other 
points have been refen-ed to the proper offices. The warrant to 
the Ordnance for the colours mentioned is preparing. — "\^^litehall. 

8. Mr. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to the [Duke 

OF Grafton]. 
Acknowledging the receipt of letters, &:c. — Castletown. 1 }). 

9. Lord Exeter to the Sajie. 

Returns liis Grace's letter with the blanks filled. Captain 
Tudor is an old officer on the half-pay list, and received his com- 
mission in the militia when it was first raised. 

List of commissions for the Rutlandshire nulitia enclosed. 
'parts of 2 pp. 

10. AiiERicAN Affairs. 

" List of papers laid l;>efore Parliament the 14th January 176G," 
relating thereto. 

11. Lord Lieut, of Iiseland (Hertford) to Mr. Secretary 

COXWAY. 

Has issued the necessary orders, in j^nrsuance of his Lordship's 
letter of 20 Dec. 17C5, for monthly returns to be made of the 
cavalry and infantry regiments on the Irish establishment. — 
Dublin Castle. 1 p. 

12. Jonx Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to the [Duke of 

Grafton]. 
Has received his letter containing the melancholy account of 
the death of H.R.H. Pi-ince Frederick William, and condoles with 
his Grace on this truly sorrowful occasion.— Castletown. 1 p. 



1 70.3-7 
pp. 15 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 5 

1766. 
15 Jan. 13. Mr. Secretary Coxway to the Lords of the Treasury. 
Treas.EntryEk., Eucloso.s a state of the casc of Capt. Jean Francois Martinet. 

-, , p. .3-. rpj^^ King thinking it reasonable that .some indemnification be 
made to him for his sufierings and los.ses in having been phuidered 
l;)y a lawless rabble when shipwrecked on the coast of Cornwall, 
if their Lordships shall think the net sum of 400Z. sufficient 
indemnification, desires them to take the King's ]ileasure there- 
upon, and give such directions as they shall think proper. — 
St. James's. 

The enclosure is entered on pp. 1-54-6 ; to which there is this 
note : " That the humanity showed to Capt. Martinet may not be 
construed as a precedent for other persons in future to claim 
indemnifications in this way for goods they may be plundered of, 
it is necessary to observe that no part of this sum was granted l)y 
the King as an indemnification, but merely as a mark of His 
Majesty's generosity to the Captain, anil in compassion to his 
personal sufferings." 

1.5 Jan. 14. J. C. Roberts to Mr. Nuttall, Sohcitor to the Treasury, 
'^'^''^-ni"'--^'''' Encloses a bill of Mr. Rennett, an attorney, who, in consequence 
of orders from the then Secretary of State, was employed by Sir 
John Fielding in carrying on a prosecution for the late Morocco 
Ambassador. Mr. Conway desires that Mr. Rennett be paid what is 
just and reasonable. 

The bill, and a certificate signed " J. Fielding," are also entered. 
The amoimt is 10?. Is. -Id. 

17 Jan. 15, Commissioners of Trade to Me. Secretary Conway. 
^°™- Geo. III., J^s to the expediency of establishing another Consul on behalf of 

^' ' "■ ■ His Majesty at Bilboa, in the room of Mr. Lawrence Barrow, who 
occujiied that office from 1749 till his decease in 175.5. The 
trade to that port being considerable, especially from Newfound- 
land, (of late much enlarged), there does not appear to them any 
objection whatever of a commercial nature to the appointment of 
such an officer. — Whitehall. 2 jrp. 

IS Jan. 16. M. P. Morin to the Clerk of the Council in w.uting. 
Dom. EntryBk., jjj. MuiTay, H.M.'s Minister at Venice, has sent accounts of the 
' ^'' ' ■ continuance of the plague and of the further progress it had made 
in the Turkish dominions contiguous to the Venetian state ; 
and also of the escape of nine persons out of Venetian ships at 
anchor in Port Quieto, in Istria, which obliged the magistrates of 
health to lay a cpiarantine of 2,s days upon several places in that 
province. Forwards the two circular letters of the magistrates 
thereon. — St. James's. 

18 Jan. 17. Earl of Hertford to Mr. Secretary Conway. 
Ireland, jjis Majesty having approved of a plan foi- a considerable re- 



V. 430, No. 39 



duction in the Royal Regiment of Artillery in Ireland, his E:> 
leiicy has received several aj plications from the couunandi 



CALENDAR OF 



officers of diflerent foot regiments for pennission to enlist such of 
the discharged men as shall be thought fit for, and be willing 
to enter again into, His Majesty's service. But as, by His 
Majesty's express commands, no Irishman can be enlisted into the 
infantry in Ireland, and as almost the whole of the artillery 
regiment are Irishmen, he has deferred giving an answer to these 
applications. The foot regiments here are very low in numbers, 
and the parties sent to Great Britain to recruit have met with 
little success. The men who are to be discharged from the 
artillery regiment are said to be very fine men and extremely 
well disciplined. It will be for the good of the sei-vice if His 
Majesty will dispense with the order against enlisting Irishmen on 
this particular occasion. — Dublin Castle. 2 pp. 

21 Jan. 18. John Pownall to J. C. Roberts, Esq. 
Dom. Geo. III., Relative to an extract from a letter from Major Genl. IrwjTi, 
^■"'■^°'^^" concerning the encouragement and protection which the Emperor 
of Morocco has promised to British subjects trading to Mogador. 
The Lords of Trade communicated the same to the principal 
London merchants interested in the commerce of those parts, who 
have represented in return that the measures taken by the Em- 
peror for opening this new channel of commerce have been so far 
from producing any advantage or encouragement to British mer- 
chants that they have been attended with very great oppression 
and discouragement, and have compelled them to establish a house, 
at a A-ery great expense, at this new port of Mogador, the situation 
of which they represent to be inconvenient and disadvantageous 
to the trade in the articles of export and import of that commerce, 
and which articles are, in consequence of this measure, loaded vdth 
double duties at Santa Cruz, where the trade has been long 
estabhshed. — Whitehall. 1^ pp. 

21 Jan. 19. Lord Lieutexaxt of Ireland (Hertford) to Mr. Secre- 

Iieland, TARY CONWAY. 

v.4.30, i 0.40. Acknowledges his letter with the King's speech to both Houses 

of Parliament. The manner in which His Majesty has referred to 
their consideration the several important matters now depending 
with regard to his colonies is a fresh proof of that justice and 
wisdom which have been the invariable ride of all his actions. It 
has been received with universal approbation by all his faithful 
subjects of this kingdom. — Dublin Castle. 1 p. 

21 Jan. 20. CoL. Wm. Forster to the Duke of Grafton. 

Scotland, Jjas received his Grace's letter enclosing His Majesty's speech to 

v.i!j, i o. 132. iiQ^]^ Houses of Parliament. As all the papers relative to the 
late disturbances in America are ordered to be laid before Parlia- 
ment, hopes their deliberations wiU soon restore a dutiful sub- 
mission to the laws in the colonies. The referring these papers 
to the wisdom of Parliament gives him singular pleasure. — Edin- 
burgh. 1 p. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 7 

1766. 
Nov. 1761 21. Cash Book. 

*° l^QQ^' Cash book of the Earl of Egremont and Earl of Sandwich, when 

Secretaries of State, showing amount of fees, salaiy, &c., and 

'p'crrs^'No^s'' <^-'^penditure for the office, frc. Some of the receipts for the 

■' ' ■ ■ balances are signed "Alicia Maria Egremont." A book in stitf 

'paper covers. 

23 Jan. 22. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lord Lieutenant of 

Iivl. Entry Bk„ IRELAND. 

-I , p. , . jj^^ Excellency's plan for the rotation of General Officers in 

Ireland has met with the King's approbation. 

23 Jan. 23. Duke of Grafton to the Attorney and Solicitor 

Law Officers GENERAL. 

1762-95, p. 91. Encloses an attested copy, transmitted by the Bishop of London, 

of an impious and blasphemous book, entitled the Fruit Shop, 
for their o}iinion whether the contents subject the author, &c. to a 
prosecution. — Whitehall. 

2.5 Jan. 24. The Same to the Lords of Trade. 
Doni. Entry Bk., Sending an address of the House of Lords to His Majesty, 
'^" ' desiring that lists of the several officers, civil and military, em- 
ployed in North America, should be laid before them. Such lists, 
so far as they relate to their Lordships' department, to be forthwith 
prepared. — Whitehall. 

2.5 Jan. 25. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Sub-Governor and Deputy 

Dom.EntryBk., GOVERNOR OF THE SoUTH SeA COMPANY. 

\ . - , pp. b-/ . rjij^^ adilress of the Company having been laid before the King, 

His Majesty has condescended to comply with the request con- 
tained therein that he would continue their Governor, and show 
them, upon all occasions, every proper mark of countenance and 
regard. — Dated 1765 in orlg., bid a mistaJie. 
Their address is also entered. 

25 Jan. 26. The Same to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Irei. Entry Bk., Conveying the King's permission for Major Sir George Osborne, 

"' ' ^' ■ Bart, to dispose of his majority, and His Majesty's approbation 
of certain successions and grants of certain dignities. 

27 Jan. 27. Lords of the Admiralty to the Right Hon. H. S. Conway. 

Pom. Geo. III., Enclosing copies of letters from Capt. Stirling, of H.M.S. 

No 53 a' tod " Rainbow," and Capt. Hawker, of H.M.S. " Sardoine," both dated 

at Virginia, relative to the tumidtuous proceedings of the populace 

in those parts 'on account of the Stamp Act. 

The enclosures, including a letter from Governor Franklin to 
Capt. Hawker, and an extract from the minutes of a Council held 
at Burlington, sent therewith, to the effect that they did not thinlc 
it advisable to send for the stamjjs from under Capt. Hawker's 
protection, nor to have recourse to the militaiy aid offered by the 



CALENDAR OF 



17CG. 

General, even if he could afford it (which was much to be doubted, 
considering the commotions in New York), as there was the 
strongest reason to expect that in such case the peace of the 
provinco would be immediately bi-oken, and nothing less than a 
civil war would ensue. ^ pp- or parts of pages. 

27 Jan. 28. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Board of Trade. 
Doni.i:ntrjBk., Directing them to prepare and lay before the House of Com- 

\. 24, p. 8'j. jQon^ ti^e states mentioned in their resolution of 22nd inst., a copy 
of which is enclosed. 

The resolution is entered, and relates to the expense and debts 
of the several establishments of the British colonies in North 
America and the West Indies. 

28 Jan. 29. The Same to the Lord President. 

Doiii. Entry Bk., Requesting him to receive His Majesty's commands upon the 
^ • - , p- bs. enclosed address of the House of Commons relative to the Vico- 
Admiralty Courts in America. 
The address is also entered. 

28 Jan. 30. Governor of the Isle of Man (Wood) to the Duke of 

Isle of Man, GRAFTON. 

v.i,No.20a,ii. Yn order that his Grace may be fully informed of the nature and 
particulars of the revenue of this Isle, it appears to him not im- 
proper to transmit a general state of it, and to lay before his 
Grace some other particulars which will necessarily fall soon under 
consideration, as the time is approaching when the Duke of 
Athol's rents and revenues are to be settled and collected. As 
he, the Governor, holds every right to which the Crown has any 
appearance of title. His Majesty's pleasure directing which he is to 
retain, and which to give up to the Duke of Athol, may be neces- 
sary. By the Act passed the last Sessions of Parliament relative 
to this Isle, all fairs, fair days, mai'kets, «fcc., are specifically 
reserved to the Duke of Athol. The construction and extent of 
this power may bo worth considering. Cannot help observing 
that if the Duke has tlie power of appointing fairs and fair days, 
thousands may assemble, under pretence of a fair, at the will of a 
steward, from which in critical times bad consequences may be 
apprehended. Besides, it is expressly contradictory to the law 
and constitution of the Isle, which vests that power in the 
Governor only. All chapels and the rights of presentation thereto 
are also reserved. There is a chapel in this town for the use of 
the Government and garrison. The Lords Proprietors always paid 
the chaplain his stipend. His Majesty's pleasure in this particular 
may also become necessary. By the same Act all the messuages, 
houses, gardens, frc, are in like maimer reserved ; and, by what 
he can learn, the Duke claims the house, out-ofEces, gardens, and 
other accommodations, which he and all the preceding governors 
of this Isle immemorially have enjoyed rent free. 

As he looked on the lairs to be a prerogative of the sovereignty, 
has, as His Majesty's Governor, taken the only opportunity that 



17G(3. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



offered of appointing a fair, and still holds possession of the chapel, 
governor's house, gardens, Szc, judging them to be comprehended 
imder the article of public buildings mentioned in the instructions. 
Although no one on behalf of the Duke has as yet claimed them, 
he nevertheless desires directions in order to be prepared for such 
an event. Has just now received his Grace's letters of 10th and 
14th inst. The ])eaco officers have ever acted by commissions 
from the Governor : submits the propriety and continuance of it 
to his Grace's consideration. — Castleto\vn. 

" The Articles of the Revenue of the Isle of Man, with explana- 
tions." They are the following, to which some (if the explanations 
are here added : — 

Land farm. — Fee-farm or quit rents payable l)y the landowners 
to the Lords of the Isle out of land of every denomination ; to wit, 
quarter-land, particles, intacks, and cottages. 

Boon services. — By original tenure every possessor of a quarter- 
land pays annually " four carriages " (or four days service of men 
and labour of horses), and one day of the like service out of every 
intack and cottage. Ever since the Act of Settlement, anno 1703, 
and the Explanatory Act of the year following, the Governors 
have had the sole ajiplication of these services, and these boons 
were never brought into account as an article of the revenue. 

Mill-farm and freshivater Jishinr/. — Rents certain, payable for 
the privilege of converting the rivers, &c., and having certain 
tenements " bound to suit and soaken," at the several mills, 14 of 
which also pay annuallj^ a hog each. 

Brass and lead farm. — Rents arising out of brewing coppers or 
pans provided by the Lords, and farmed at small rents assessed 
upon houses. 

The Moar's office and the Coroner's office. — These officers were 
annual, and paid a certain line or composition for their offices. 

The Sumner (i.e. Summoner) General's Ojficc. — Analogous to 
that of an apparator, held by lease for 21 years, at commence- 
ment of which a ffiie is paid. 

Fines and amercements, spiritual fines. — Imposed by the 
several courts for contempt, &c. 

Pinfold fines.— K penny a piece for cattle found trespassing and 
put into the pinfold, paid to the Lords, besides the trespass to the 
injured. _ The Governor ever licensed the erection of these pinfolds. 
" Quere, is this power continued ? " 

Alienation fines. — Paid, by stipulation of the said Act of Settle- 
ment, to the Lords, out of every tenement, on death or aUenation 
of each landowner. 

For pardoning felons. — This produced nothing for ages past. 

Felons' goods. 

Freedom of cdiens. — Fines on enfranchisement (a prerogative 
of the Lords) of persons of a nation in amity with England. 

Waifs and straijs. — Beasts which have strayed a°year and a 
day. 

Forfeitures. 



10 CALENDAR OF 

1766. 

Trecmire trove, deodands, rvrecks of the sea.—" Require no ex- 
planation." 

3Iines. 

Customs of ingates and outgatcs. — Duties payable on importa- 
tion and exportation ; the duty on expoi-tation of flags was 
abrogated in 1736. 

Herring customs. — The native pays for each boat (" if 5,000 fish, 
or upwards, are caught in the season ") ten shillings ; the stranger, 
double. But the Whitehaven Chamber, after the first year, pleaded 
the charter of the British White Herring Fishery and certain Acts 
of Parliament, and refused paying the Lords for theii" " busses." 

Seizures. 

Perquisites in Chancery. 

Abbey spiritualities. 

Abbey temporalities. 

Demesnes " set " to tJie Governor at a lovj rent. 

Bents from certain houses, cellars, dr. 

Custom oats from the Foresters lodge. — The Lords' forester has 
a small house, &c. annexed to his office, and pays a small quantity 
of oats as an acknowledgment. 

Wreck and tang. — Rent paid by the farmers of the seaweed 
thrown in upon the shore, which they bum into kelp. This 
burning being complained of as a gi-eat nuisance, and the rent 
trifling, a lease has been latterly refused. 

The kitchen, the cellar, and the brewhouse in Castle Rushen. 

Venditions in Castle Rushen, Peel, Ramsey, and Douglas. 

Bay fisheries at Douglas, Ramsey, Peel, Darby haven, Laxey, 
and Garwick. — Rents paid for right of fishing for salmon, imme- 
morially granted by lease. But Laxey and Garwick Bay fisheries 
have not been leased. 4 smcdl 2'>p. ('■lid 3i large. 

30 Jan. 31. Willia^i Bueke to Sir Robert Wilmot. 

irei. Entry Bk., In consequence of Lord Beauchamp's letter to Sir Robert, 
''^'r.^'g' Mr. Conway has obtained His Majesty's leave of absence for six 

^^' " ' months to Lieut. Hope Luther, of the 48th regiment, that he may 
attend his affairs in the Isle of Rhea. — St. James's. 

Lord Beauchamp's letter to Sir Robert Wilmot referred to, 
dated 18 Jan., from Dublin Castle, and a letter from Lieut. Col. 
Ross to Lord Beauchamp, dated from Dublin the 14th Jan., on the 
same subject, are also entered. 

31 Jan. 32. Secretary-at-War (Lord Bareington) to Mr. Secretary 

War Office, CoNWAY. 

^ ■ ""' "■ ■* ■ Desiring him to communicate to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 

certain orders as to the bounty money to be given by officers 
recruiting in England for regiments in Ireland. 1 j?. 

1 Feb. 33. Authentication of Notarial Acts, &c. by the French 

Dom. Geo. III., AmBA.sSADOR. 

pel. (8, No. 5. Report of the Advocate General (Marriott) upon an advertise- 

ment which apitearcd in the public papers from the French 



HOME OFFICE PAPEES. 11 



1766. 

Embassy, giving notice that the French Amliassador ■would not 
authenticate any acts, deeds, or writings, but such as were passed 
before Messrs. Benjamin Bonnet and Abraham Ogier, public notaries, 
whose handwritings were well known to his Excellency. 

The want of authentication by his Excellency of notarial acts 
does not make them invalid generally abroad, but only in France, 
if the courts there require such countersigning, in which case 
parties concerned cannot in prudence avoid complying with such 
regulations ; nor can any person oblige his Excellency to subscribe 
his name to the attestation of any notary but such as he knows 
and approves ; nor is he liable to any civil action here on account 
of damages sustained by such refusal as may be in consequence of 
the laws or regulations of France, or of policy in his instructions. 
But, if thereby the interests of British subjects are afiected, or 
the facilities of trade checked, or commercial law or usage of 
nations contravened, it may be an object of complaint to the 
Court of France. But Ministers making their countersigning a 
necessary authentication is indirectly contrary to the national 
authority, which commissions the drawers of such public instru- 
ments, for it superinduces the necessity of a foreign authority over 
a national one. 1 i pp. 

1 Feb. 34. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Hertford) to Mr. Secre- 

Iieland, TARY CONWAY. 

p. 43 a^, be. Transmits the addresses of condolence from both Houses of 

Parliament to His Majesty, on the death of H.R.H. Prince Fre- 
derick William. — Dublin Castle. 
The addresses. 3 pp. 

1 Feb. 35. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lords of the Treasury. 
'reas.^Caii., Encloses copies of a letter from the Lords of Trade, and of a 
memorial sent therewith from Capt. Joseph Smith Speer, stating 
the hardships he sustained, and the expenses he incurred, on a 
service on the " Mosketo " shore, in which he was employed by 
the superintendent of that shore. Their Lordships are of opinion 
that although the testimonials he has adduced may not be 
suiiicient to bear his memorial through an official liquidation, yet 
the services were real, and that if such sei'vices are allowed he 
ought to be paid. A draft. 2 pp. 

6 Feb. 36. The Same to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Hert- 

Ireland, FORD). 

■ "■ ■ In consequence of the reasons submitted by his Excellency in 

his letter of the 18th past, the King has, upon this particular 
occasion, been pleased to dispense with his order against enlisting 
Irishmen. — St. James's. A draft.. 1 p. 

6 Feb. 37. Secretary-at-War (Barrington) to Mr. Secretary 

War Clfficc, CONWAY. 

V. 20, No. 49. With intelligence of the embarkation of three independent com- 

panies of foot for Africa. 1 p. 



12 CALENDAE OF 



1766. 

6 Feb. 38. The Same to the Same. 
War Office, Sending an extract from a letter from Major-Gen. Gage, and 

V. 20, No. oo. coj ,ie.s of two papers enclosed therein. 

The enclosures, — being the extract, dated from New York ; a 
letter from Gen. Gage to Governor Moore ; and resolutions of the 
Assembly of New York, of 13th Dec. 1765. They relate to an 
apjilication made to the Assembly, in accordance with the new 
Mutiny Act for North Amei'ica, for raising the expense of quarter- 
ing the troops. The Assembly resolved, 1st, that when H.M.'s 
forces were quartered in barracks belonging to the King, they 
were always provided with the required necessaries, without any 
expense to the countries in which they were quartered. And, 2nd, 
therefore, that as there were barracks belonging to His Majesty 
in New York and in the city of Albany, sufficient to accommodate 
double the number of forces contained in the return laid before 
the Assembly, an application to them appeared altogether unneces- 
sary. Also, 3rd, that the expenses of troops passing through the 
province ought to be considered after such expense was incurred. 

Gen. Gage explains that the King's barracks referred to were 
some buildings in Albany built by the Crown during the war, 
and others built long back in New York at the expense of the 
l^roYince, and constantly repaired at their expense, but the 
situation of which, either in the fort or under its protection, they 
made a pretence of to call King's barracks. The Act had been 
reprinted there ; and he, Gen. Gage, had never heard any clause 
complained of liut that which subjected the provinces to furnish 
the soldiers -udth beer, cider, and rum in barracks, barns, &c., — some 
pretending that this was an extraordinary imposition on America, 
not laid elsewhere. 

6 Feb. 39. Ixventiox. 

^Petitions, Petition of Robert Lane and Paul Benson, both of Cork, in the 

' P' ■ kingdom of Ireland, James Benson, of Doctors' Commons, in the 
city of London, and Benjamin \''aughan, the elder, and Benjamin 
Vaughan, the yoimge}-, both of the parish of St. Mary Abchmxh, 
in the city of London, all merchants, praying the grant of letters 
patent for the sole use and benefit m Ireland for 14 years of their 
invention of a new method of making hard soap, equal in value to 
any made at Marseilles or Castile. 

Referred to the Lord Lieutenant for his opinion, Feb. 6. 

An affiilavit is also entered. 

7 Feb. 40. Lords of the Admiralty to Mr. Secretary Comvay. 
Af'.iiiiiaity, Sending an exti-act from a letter from Commodore Harrison, 
NM^^^iaii Co!nniander-in-chief of H.M.'s ships in the Mediterranean, giving 

an account that the Amba.ssador of the Bey of Tripoli, at Leghorn, 
having refused paymejit of his master's bills for balance of the 
3471 Venetian Zcquins, import of the funds of the pink 
" St. Vinsenzo Ferrerio," he had despatched H.M.'s sloop " Vulture " 
to Tripoli, to make the Bashaw acquainted therewith. 

The extract. Paying a visit to Algier, the Commodore foimd 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 13 



1766. 

everything in a perfect state of tranquillity, as indeed appears from 
proper information at every other place within the district of his 
command. 3 pp. 

7 Feb. 41. Master General of the Ordx.\^X'e (Granby) to the Same. 
Dom. Geo. III., Enclosing a report of the principal officers of Ordnance in 

No j4 a'to (1 I'elation to the ordnance and stores at New Yorlv. 

The report, and an extract enclosed therein from Mr. Fm'nis, 
Comptroller of Artillery at New York, stating that on the arrival 
of Sir Henry Moore, the Governor of the province, the people were 
quieted on his declaration that he would not meddle with the 
stamped papers, having no directions relative to them ; and that, 
on application from the Governor to the Commander-in-chief all 
the artillery, ammunition, &c. deposited in Fort George were 
removed back among the rest of H.M.'s stores. The report adds 
that the storehouses were such buildings as could occasionally be 
hired, and had no kind of security or defence whatsoever. 

Also an abstract of the guns, &c. supposed to be at New York. 
4 pp. 

8 Feb. 42. Mr. Secretary Co.wvay to the Lord Lieutenant of 

Iicl. Entry Bk., IRELAND. 

i<6 -/0,p. ,j. Giving notice of the appointment of the Earl of Shannon to bo 

Master General of the Ordnance in Ireland, and conveying His 
Majesty's approbation of the grant of a pardon to Mr. Joseph 
Moore, and of exchanges i-ecommended. — St. James's. 

8 Feb. 43. Ch^veles Lowndes to "William Burke, Esq. 

Treas. & Cust., Transmits the enclosed copy, for the information of Mr. Secre- 

V. 3, .0.10 a, . ^^^^ Conway, of a report of the Commissioners of the Customs 

on the memorial of the Spanish Ambassador, complaining of the 

seizure of the ship " Notre Dame." The Lords of the Treasury have 

signed a ]-eport agreeable to the said report. — Treasuiy Chambers. 

The enclosure. It relates to brandy seized for being imported 
in casks containing less than GO gallons contrary to the Act. The 
ship was also seized for importing this brandy, being of less 
burthen than 100 tons. But the Commissioners, the master being 
a foreigner, and perhaps ignorant of a law so lately made, will 
suTimit to the delivery of the vessel, upon a reasonable satisfaction 
to the seizing officers. 3^ pp. 

10 Feb. 44. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lords of the Treasury. 
Treas. & Cust., Encloses a memorial of Lieutenant Hodgson, who was sent by 
N n a'to d ^^^'^ Governor of Jamaica to destroy all the foi-ts, &c. built by the 
English in the bay of Honduras, and all other parts belonging to 
the King of Spain. Then- Lordships will determine if the whole, 
or what part of Lieut. Hodgson's claim shall be paid, and take His 
Majesty's pleasure for the payment. 

The memorial, and a letter on the same subject, and statement of 
his account from Lieutenant Hodgson. S pp. or parts of 2xtgc's. 

Mr. Conway's letter and the memorial are also entered in Treas. 
Entry Book, 17G3-75, pp. 157-GO. 



14 



CALENDAR OF 



1766. 
3 Oct. 1705 

to 
10Feb.l7G6. 

AVar Office, 
pel. 24, No. 2. 



45. Sale of Commissions in the Army. 

Printed copies of letters relating to the sale of commissions, 
viz., reference to the Judge Advocate General, 3 Oct. 1765, and 
report of the Board of General Officers as to the prices, dated 
31 Jan. ; a letter to Charles Gould, Esq., from Lord Barrington, 
asking for information as to what princijiles the report is founded 
on, and the rejjly ; another letter from Lord Barrington to the 
same, dated 8 Feb. ; and the general order issued to the army, 
10 Feb., in consequeuce of the report. 

In cavalry regiments, the highest-priced commission, the fu-st 
lieutenant-colonelcy of the First and Second Troop of Horse 
Guards, was estimated at 5,500Z. ; the lowest, a lieutenant- 
colonelcy in the Dragoon Guards or Dragoons, at 4,700?. (including 
the amounts paid at each step). A cornet in the latter regiments 
paid 1,000?. for his commission; in the former 1,200?. ; and in the 
Horse 1,600?. A lieutenant-colonelcy of Foot Guards was valued 
at 6,700?., and of a marching regiment at 3,500? ; ensigncies in the 
same at 900?. and 400?. respectively. 

Mr. Gould states that the Board, in fixing the prices, proceeded 
on the general principle of considering the value of the pay and 
rank distinctly, and, after fixing what appeared a reasonable price 
for commissions of cornet and ensign in the respective corps, of 
proceeding to estimate every increase of pay after the rate of 100?. 
for each shilling per diem, in a general view, not attending 
minutely to fractional sums ; and, in the next place, they endeavoured 
to fix a certain proportionate value on each advancement in rank, 
such as might, if possible be extended to all the different corps. 

Lord Barrington, in his letter of Feb. 8, after signifying His 
Majesty's approval of the report, and stating that it would be 
adopted, proceeds to detail the reasons why an officer who had 
not bought his commission was not, under any circumstances, 
to be permitted to sell, the consequence of such permission being 
that the men who came into the army with the warmest dis- 
positions to the service, whose business became their pleasure, who 
distinguished themselves on every occasion that offered, were kept 
all their lives in the lowest ranks because they were poor. It 
concludes, " It frequently happens in the army, as elsewhere, that 
want of money is also accompanied by a want of assisting friends ; 
but the poor tho' deserving officer should always fuid at the War 
Office a constant assertor of his rights, and faithful guardian of his 
interests." IS pj^. of print. 



11 Feb. 

A draft in 

Ireland, 

. 430, No. 42. 

Entered in 
ing's Let. Bk., 



.12, 



,48. 



46. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lord Lieutenant of 
iREL.-iND (Hertford). 
The King having directed that no ofBcer recruiting in Great 
Britain for any of the infantry regiments on the British establish- 
ment should permit his recruiting party to give more than one 
guinea and a half to each recruit, the officers who recruit in Great 
Britain for the Irish regiments are ti3 be sulijcct to the same 
limitation. \h pp. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 15 



1766. 



V. 430, 
Xo.44 a to m 



12 Feb. 47. Henry Potts, Secretary to the Post Office, to William 
Post Office, Burke, Esq. 

' °' ''' ■ Encloses a copy of an information just received from the Deputy 
Postmaster General for the southern provinces of America, at 
Charlestown. 

The enclosure. It contains an account of the respective visits 
of two captains to Havannah, and the intelligence they were able 
to gain. There had been an insui-rection in Mexico, which had 
been quelled, and some uneasiness was still felt in Havannah. 
4 2}]y- 

15 Feb. 48. The Lords of the Admiralty to Mr. Secretary Conway. 
Admiralty, Enclosing an extract from a letter from Capt. Saxton, of H.M.S. 

No^'aafb. "Pearl," lately arrived from Cadiz, giving an account of the 
motions of the Spaniards upon that coast. 
The extract. 3 j^P- 

1.5 Feb. 49. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lord Lieuten^int of 

Ireland, IRELAND. 

Encloses a copy of the report of the Lords of Trade upon the 
memorial of the Irish refiners of sugar. A draft (a). 

The letter (h) of the Lords of Trade to Mr. Conway, enclosincr 
the said report or representation (c). It appears to them that the 
complaint on the part of the Irish sugar refinere has not a solid 
foundation; and that the advantages which they have from 
receiving the raw sugars free from that duty which is paid by the 
British refiners, together with the diminution of the bounty from 
12s. to 6s. M. upon the exportation of the inferior specie of the 
British refinery, do carry with them every encouragement that 
can be reasonably desired. At the same time their Lordships 
would not propose that the case of the Irish refiners should be 
concluded, and the matter decided upon the evidence of these 
papers, seeing that the arguments on both sides have reference to, 
and depend upon, a variety of facts not in the least proved. 
Hence, they called upon the Commissioners of Customs in England 
and Ireland for accounts of the imports and exports of sugar, 
which might furnish such a state of the trade as, together with 
the facts and informations which should arise out of an examina- 
tion of the several parties interested, might enable them to form a 
clear opinion upon the whole. But as no returns have yet been 
received, and the examination of parties will take up a great 
deal of time, they submit whether it will not be most advisable 
that the further consideration of this business should be 
postponed, and all proceedings superseded, until the next session 
of Parliament. 

(cl.) Mr. C. Lowndes's letter from the Treasury to John Pownall, 
Esq., for the Lords of Trade to make a report on the memorial ; 
and (e) Mr. J. C. Roberts's letter to Mr. Lowndes, asking him to 
lay the same memorial before the Lords of the Treasury. 

(/.) The Earl of Hertford's letter to [Mr. Conway], enclosing- 
and commenting upon the memoiial and other papers ((/, h, i). He 



16 CALENDAR OF 

17GG. 

says he is persuaded that it was not an object of the British Parlia- 
ment to discourage the refining of sugars in Ireland. 

[For the contents of the memorial see Vol. I. of the Home Office 
Calendar, No. 2038.] 

Also (j.) "An impartial state of the case between the refiners 
of sugar in Great Britain and those of Ireland " ; (/i.) " Case of the 
English sugar refiners " ; (?.) " Remark of the sugar refiners of 
London on the case of the Irish sugar refiners " ; and (m.) " Objec- 
tions from Bristol to the Irish state of the sugar refiners." 

The Irish refiners state (44/) that all sugars must come through 
Great Britain into Ireland, and therefore they have to buy from 
the Irish importer, who must have a profit, and who is obliged 
to buy at the British market ; and they specify other disad- 
vantages under which they labour. Then the English refiner ha.s 
an unlimited export, and can always choose a favourable market. 
The Irish refiner is absolutely confined for his sale to the con- 
sumption of Ireland alone, without any power of export, as uo 
bounty is allowed, but even a duty imposed on exportation. The 
policy of Great Britain has been, and continues to be, to prevent 
all importation of refined sugar into their kingdom,- by laying a 
duty on it there. 

The English refiners (44 k.) in reply, show that, after all, the 
Irish refiners have an advantage of 9 per cent. They say (44 I.) 
that the latter set out with a supposition extremely wide of the 
truth, in supposing that 2 cwt. of raw sugar wiU produce 1 cwt. 
of lumps or loaves. The British refiner requires 3 cwt. of raw to 
produce that amount of loaf, and the remainder is converted into 
bastard sugar or molasses, or thrown away as dirt. " The pro- 
ducing so large a quantity of lump or loaf sugar from 2 cwt. of 
raw is a degree of skiU in manufacturing to which the British 
refiners do not pretend ; but, on the contrary, utterly disclaim and 
deny. The British refiners leave this alternative to the option of 
the Irish, either to admit their case not to be strictly impartial, or 
to allow that they manufacture to much greater advantage than 
the British refiner. If they insist on the latter, the British 
refiners apprehend that, instead of discouragement, they stand in 
need of further assistance to enable them to contend with the 
superior skill of the Irish." As the quantity of bastard sugar 
produced from 3 cwt. of raw is nearly equal to the quantity of 
lump, and, being cheaper, is more used by the poor, the Irish 
refiners will be considerable gainers in that article, as the exclusion 
of all rivals must tend to enhance the price of it. The cheapness 
of provisions, and of articles employed in the process of refilling, 
as well as the low price of labour, are also advantages enjoyed 
by them. 

The Bristol refiners (44 m.) in their reply further state that 
many of the Irish import their own sugar, and all may if they hke ; 
and if they do not, it is more equitable that they shoidd pay for 
their folly than that the English should be taxed for it. The 
laying in a large stock at once is a hardshi]) that every Englisli 
refiner an'Iio has money and warehouse room is glad to submit to, 



IIO.AIE OFFICE PAPERS. 17 

1760. 

it being almost an invariable rule that raw sugars are cheaper at 
their first importation than at any other period of the year. 
The regard that ought to be paid to the representation of the 
melancholy state of the sugar-refining trade in Scotland (sic, for 
Ireland) may be asceiiained from the following undoubted fact. 
The number of sugar houses in that kingdom is more than 
double within these twenty years, which is a sufficient proof of 
the hardships they labour under. The English refiners, notwith- 
standing that the Irish have an advantage of 9 per cent, over them, 
by their superior application, or being contented with a more 
moderate profit, enjoy a small share of the trade, and they hope 
that it will not violently be forced from them by the imposition of 
a tax ; more especially as they are now rendering an essential 
service to the consumers in Ireland, by preventing their refiners 
from exacting an unreasonable price for their goods ; a memorable 
instance of which latelj' happened ; for by the arrival of refined 
sugars from England they have been obliged to lower their lumps 
(which were at a most exorbitant price) seven or eight shillings 
per hunch-ed. " It is not, therefore, surprising that they should bo 
angiy, and endeavour to make up with invective what they want 
in argument. Their assertion that the English refiners want to 
destioy their trade is as well founded as their calculation, and as 
their late accusation against the English refiners for making their 
lumps of scum and trash." 41 ji/i. or parts of pages. 

15 Feb. 50. The Samk to the Same. 

Drafts in xiie King having received in the most gracious manner the 

V. 430,' addresses from the two Houses of Parliament, he (Mr. Conway) 

No. 45 a to c. enclo.ses His Majesty's answers to the same. 

Entered also in The answers to the addresses. 3 ?>w. 

Kincj's Let. Bk., ^ "' 

V. 12, pp. 52-3. 

17 Feb. 51. J. C. Rubkrts to the Clerk oe the Council in Waiting. 
nom.EutryBk., Enclosing a copy of a circular letter from the Magistrates of 
%.- ,p. .. Health at Venice, which gives advice of the continuance of the 
plague in the Turkish dominions, and of the Venetian state 
remaining free from it, but that they had laid a quarantine of 
40 days upon Dalmatia and Albania, on account of four men having 
clandestinely come out of Bosnia. — St. James's. 

19 Feb. 52. Philip Stephens to W. Burke, Esq., Secretary to 

Admiralty, Me. SECRETARY CONWAY. 

pel. 155, No. 3. Captain Onslow, of the "Aquilon," will be cUrected to carry to 

Tunis Mr. Trail, who is appointed H.M.'s Consul there, with his 
family and baggage. — Admiralty Office. \\ pp. 

19 Feb. 53. Lords of the Adm.iralty to the Right Hon. H. S. Conway. 
Horn. Geo. III., Sending copies of two letters from the Navy Boaid relative to 

No 5^5 a' b c ^^''^ vessels proposed to be stationed v.'ithin^the bar of the liver 
of Senegal. 

The enclosures, ol pp. 



18 CALENDAR OF 



176G. 

19 Feb. 54. J. C. RoBEKTS to Mr. Merry. 

Dom.EntryBk-,, Oivcs information as to what has been done with regard to the 
v.i-t,p.u3. detention of Mr. Merry's ship at Malaga. Mr. Conway has 
recommended to the Earl of Rocliford at Mackid to exert himself 
to obtain proper reparation, but no answer has been received. A 
memorial, however, if sent in, shall be forwarded with a strong 
recommendation. 

The regulation of the Newfoundland fishery, and that fi-om the 
Coast of Labrador, have been ah-eady taken into consideration by 
the Lords of Trade. — St. James's. 

20 Fell. 55. Duke of Grafton to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom.Entrylik., Enclosing a copy of a resolution of the House of Lords of the 

V. 23, p. 299. j^^j^ |j^^^ rpj_^^^ states therein mentioned to be accordingly 
prepared and laid before that House. — Whitehall. 

20 Feb. 56. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lord President. 
Doni.EntiyBk, Desiring him to receive His Maje.sty's pleasure upon the 
V. L'4, pp. '.i,,-ij. ^.Qelosed order of the House of Lords of the I7th inst., and 
re.solution of the House of Commons of the 1.5th. — St. James'.s. 

The order and resolution are entered, and relate to the Vice- 
Admnalty Comis in America. 

20 Fell. 57. Duke of Grafton to Governor Wood. 

Isleof J[;in, Encloses an Order of Council of the I7th inst. relating to the 

No^^'-'iVVui'^i' appointment of peace officers, on which he desired instructions in 

Tiio itttJr ''i*' letter of 10 Dec. last. The other parts of that letter con- 

cnt.-rKi in cerning coroners, the copjier coinage, the appeals from the Courts 

Isk' (.1 >hin Qf Justice of the Island, the pay due to the captains of towns on 

i7Gr)-i^si7,p'3S. their discharge, and the proposal for an additional allowance of 3?. 

to each coroner, being pomts more properly belonging to the 

revenue, their Lordships have refeiTed the consideration of them 

to the Lords of the Treasury, to whom also they have referred the 

paper contained in his letter of the 28th Jan. — Whitehall. 

A copy of the Order in Coimcil, and the letter from Mr. Robert 
Walpole, Clerk of the Council, to R. Stonehewer, Esq., transmitting 
it to the Duke of Grafton. G^- 'p/t. 

21 Feb. 58. The Same to the Lord President. 

Dom. EntiylJk., Desiring him to receive His Maje.sty's commands upon the two 
V.2.., ]). .iou. enclosed resolutions of the House of Lords of the 14th and I7th 
inst., for addresses to His Majesty that he would order copies of 
such representations, letters, kc. as are therein mentioned, relatmg 
to the Coui'ts of Vice Admiralty m America, to be laid before that 
Hou.se. — Whitehall. 

22 Feb. 59. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Hertford) to Mr. 

Iielana, SECRETARY CoNWAY. 



.430, No. 46. 



Sends the third " transmiss " of the se.stion, consisting of four 
ills. There was one Private Bill, sealed at the same time, entitled 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 19 



" A Bill to confirm a settlement, beariag date the 28th day of 
August 1756, made in pursuance of articles entered into byLovett 
Ashe, Esq., previous to his inter-marriage with Waller Lloyd, and 
for other purposes," which will be sent by the parties interested. — 
Dublin Castle. 1^ 2^P- 

2-1 Feb. 60. Giovanni Xeno, an Ottoman Subject. 

)cf 'i35"no '4 *^°P-^ °^ ^^® acknowledgment of a debt to Sigr. Brander, Consul 

i.c . oj, i o. . ^^ „ Suezia," to be paid out of proceeds of a cargo of grain illegally 
sold at Gibraltar. Italian. 1 2>- 

25 Feb. 61. Secretary-at-War (Barrixgtox) to Mk. Secretary Con- 

War Office, WAY. 

' " ' ■ "^ ■ Proposing to fit up an apartment belonging to the Castle of 

Chester, in which the rebels in 1 747 were confined, for the reception 
of deserters firom the troops in Ireland. 

P.S. — " I shall take care to pay the expense necessary on this 
occasion." 2 pp. 

'il Feb. 62. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lords of the Admiralty. 
Dom. Geo. III., Directing them to give the nece.s.sary orders for fitting up the 
^' ' """ ■ vessel already purchased for the Senegal, and to decline engaging 
any other till it be seen how this answers. To report also whether 
a smaller complement of men than the seventy proposed may 
not be sufficient, as the vessel would be a floating battery, and 
to send an account of the whole expense comiected with her. — 
St. James's. A draft. 1 1 pp. 

27 Feb. 63. Mr. Milbanke to Mr. Burke. 
Dom. Entry I5k., The name of the Jew he mentioned is David Zamiro. Has 
V. 24, p. 100. enclosed a specimen of seven diflerent languages that he writes, 
but he is not to be trusted further than for mere translation. 
27 Feb. 64. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Hertford) to Mr. 

Ireland, SECRETARY CONWAY. 

'"''■ ' ^ "■ "■ Inconsequence of a letter from Lord Bai-rington, of 5th Dec. 

last, to his Secretary, orders were issued on the l(3th of tJie said 
month, limiting the bounty money to recruits in England to one 
guinea and a half. — Dublin Castle. 1 p. 

1 March. 65. Master General of the Ordnance (Granby) to the 
Dom. Goo. III., Right Hon. H. S. Conway. 

V. 3, 0. Jia, . Transmitting the report of the piincipal ofiicers of Ordnance, 

together with the report, estimate, and plans made by Engineer 
Capt. Debbeig (or Debbieg), for the further security of the capital 
of Newfoundland. 

The Ordnance ofiicers' letter only. 2 pp. 

1 March. 66. The Same to the Same. 

Isle of Man, With another report of the same ofiicers, together with the plans 

\. ,io..32afo(. ^^^_| j.ppQj.^ made to them by Eugim-er Captain Dawson relative 
to tlie Lsle of Man. Ayrrcs witli the report. 



20 



CALENDAR OF 



The (^nlnance ivi^ort, and copies of two reports made l)y 
Caiitaln Dawson as to the accommodation of the soldiers, the 
erection of barracks, kc. ; but the plans referred to are not now 
with these reports. The officers of Ordnance call attention to the 
following paragraph in one of Captain Dawson's reports : — " This 
Island has been in a measure protected from any invasion, either 
of the French or Spaniards, by the beneficial trade the inhabitants 
always carried on Avith those nations, even when at war ; but since, 
by the purchase of the Island, that trade has been entirely stopt, 
that protection is now no more, and they are become liable to the 
insults of every privateer." 91 ^ip. 

1 March. 67. Secretary-at-Wau (Baeiunc;tox) to the Same. 
War Office, Submits to his consideration an extract from a letter from 

^^ -°; Lieutenant Governor Johnstone, with a state of the barracks at 

No. 5: a, b, c. ^^^^ ^^ Philip's [in Minorca]._ 

The enclosures. The soldiers' barracks in the " Arraval " or 
" Arreval " of this place were scattered all over the town, the walls 
cracked, the timber of the roofs decayed, and many of tlie floors 
sunk lower than the street. The officers' quarters were not fit 
for them to live in ; and the poor inhabitants, both British and 
native, were at the same time greatly disti'cssed in having had 
these houses taken from them, for they received no consideration 
in lieu. C jjjj. 

3 March. 68. Williaai Bueke to Col. John Scott. 
nom.EntryBlc, The comnussion from Col. Moncrieffson is made out, but not 

V. 24, p. ys. signed by His Majesty ; and General Conway submits it to Colonel 
Scott whether it is advisable to delay it, on the expectation of a 
regulation which, if it should take place in Ireland as it has in 
England, may at least meet many delays. The commission is, 
however, stopped, pending a reply. — St. James's. 

3 March. 69. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Secretary-at-Wae. 

Mil. Entry VAi., In answer to his letter relative to the fitting up of an apartment 
V. 28, p. 1G2. belonging to Chester Castle for the reception and confinement of 
deserters from the forces in Ireland. If the expense will be 
trifling, it may be immediately ordered ; if more considerable, 
an estimate must be prejiared and laid before His Majesty for his 
consideration. — St. James's. 

4 IMarch. 70. The S.uiE to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

irel. Kntry Bk., The Iwng has consented to Col. Gisborne's being appointed 

i7Gi-:o p.su. Colonel of the KJth Regiment of Foot, in the room of Sir William 

^litiand," Draper, and to allow Sir William to liuld Ids government here 

v.4ao, No.'47. together with Colonel Gisborne's half-paj'. 1 'p. 



5 Jlarch. 71. Lord Gower to the Duke of [Grafton]. 
Bom.^Gio. Ill , Has i-eceived a letter from some friends at Lichfield, asking 
pel. ,b, No. /. i^jj^^ ^^ make application on behalf of one of their fellow-citizens of 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



21 



17GG. 



G Mai 



Elliott's Light Horse, condemned to Tse hanged for highway rolAiery. 
If on inquiry he is found an oVijcct of compassion, is sure no 
solicitation in his favour is necessary ; if not I'ouud such, has 
nothing further to saj-. 1 p. 

72. Lords of the Admiralty to Mi;. H. S. Conway. 

Sending a copy of a letter from the Commander-in-chief of 
H.M.'s ships in North America, ]'epresenting that great incon- 
veniences arise to the service from the large number of rum 
retailers at Halifax, by which the seamen are drawn into drunken- 
ness, and then enticed to desert, and that it is impossible to put 
a stop to this practice while these retailers are licensed by the 
Governor ; asking that the evil may be supjiressed. 

The enclo.sure. 

The Commander-in-chief says drunkenness was remarkably 
prevalent with the lower class of people. The most severe corporal 
punishment that he ever knew had been inflicted on the criminal 
sailors; even six and seven hundred lashes had been given. The 
sailors attributed their crimes to drunkenness. G fijh 



7 March. 

Dom.EntiyBk., 
V. 24, p. 98. 



March 



73. Vn'ii.liam Burke to Mr. Delaval. 

Will with gTcat pleasure inti-oduce his friend, Mr. Lnvin, to 
(lenend I'ouway, and be glad to he useful to liim. The man he, 
Mr. Burke, formerly mentioned is still here, shifting and doing- 
nothing. 

Encloses, by direction of General Conway, a Moorish letter, 
which our interpreter cannot make out. It is meant as a sort 
of trial of the skill of a Mr. Uri, formerly recommended by 
Sir J. Yorke to Lord Sandwich. There is a plan on foot to pro- 
vide elsewhere for the present interpreter ; and General Conway, 
always attentive to Sir Joseph Yorke, means to make Uri his 
successor, if he is capable of the office, and continues honoured 
with Sir Joseph's good opinion. Sends also a paper which 
contains the several languages of which it seems the Moorish 
letters are composed. Supposes they should more properly be 
styled dialects than languages ; but, indeed, it is a kind of thing 
of which he has so little imdei'standing, or even comprehension, 
that it would be imjjertinent in him to make any supposition ; 
but Uri vdll know how that is, and it maj^ be material that it 
should be ascertained whether his knowledge runs through this 
variety. — St. James's. 

74. M. P. MOKIN to CH.VELES LOAVXDES, Esq. 

Sends a letter received from Browse Trist, Esq., a justice of the 
peace for the county of Devon, enclosing seven depositions and 
examinations taken before him relative to the seizure of a quantity 
of smuggled tea at Habcrton, and to the rescue of the same near 
Totness in the said countj^ — St. James's. 

Mr. Trist's letter, dated from I'owden, near Totnets, is also 



22 CALENDAR OF 

17GG. 

9 March. 75. Prince Fekdixaxd to Capt. Lutterloh, London. 

Dom. Misc., Returns the injurious and sui'prising rejjort of the Commis- 

^'^ ' ^ ■ sioners delivered to the Treasury on the 11th of November last 

past, concerning the Britannic Legion ; and in answer thereto sends 
a memorial, signed by himself, and elated Brvmswick, the 7th of 
March, to be delivered in original, with an English translation, to 
the Lords of the Treasury. Sends likewise a sealed writing for 
Mr. Secretary Conway, to be presented to him with the Prince's 
best respects, and a true translation of the memorial, that he may 
take an opportunity, in case it should be necessary, to report it 
to H's Majesty. For Captain Lutterloh's own information, has 
enclosed a copy of a letter from Col. d'Estortf to him, the 
Prince, and another from his Adjutant to the High Seneschal of 
Westphalia, as thei-e are many circumstances contained therein 
which serve to clear and justify the case. — Magdeburg. 

Annexed is a copy of Capt. Lutterloh's memorial to the 
Treasury, delivered Oct. 16, 170.5, on the subject of Prince Ferdi- 
nand's demands. It states that Meinecke, to whom the Hano- 
verian Chancery had entrusted the contribution chest, advanced 
money, without the knowledge of his Serene Highness, for purposes 
within the department of the British Commissariat. By these 
advances the chest was so exhausted that his Serene Highness 
was compelled not only to advance money to the chest out of his 
own private cash, but also to borrow from his brother, the reigning 
Duke of Brunswick, and from the Langrave of Hesse Cassel, upon 
assignation given of his own hand upon the said chest. 'The 
Commission settled at Minden for the revision and liquidation of 
the account of the contribution chest was dissolved before the 
Crown of Great Britain had settled these advances made by 
Meinecke ; and the accounts were transferred to Hanover, and 
tendered to the Office of Control by one Schmidt, assistant cashier 
of the said chest. But before the certificate and warrant could be 
obtained, this ofiiee was like^vise dissolved. But the Hanoverian 
Chancery of War took care to give special order to their agent in 
London to deliver into the office for German demands the account 
of these advances of the contribution chest as a just demand on the 
Crown of Great Britain. 

Also a translation of the Prince's "memorial in which the 
objections of the Commissioners concerning the Britannick Legion, 
as contained in their report of the 11th Nov. 1765, are answered 
and refuted." 

He states that at a time when the Crown of England would 
have been glad to have taken foreign troops into its service if 
they could have been got, rather than pay subsidies, he apjilied 
himself to the raising of this considerable corps, chiefly out of the 
occupied provinces, and to form them in a short time, even before 
the opening of the campaign of 1700. The calculation made by 
General Freytag did not include extraordinary expenses, such as 
keeping men, horses, &c. in a condition fit for service. As nobody 
could suspect his Serene Highness of seeking advantage to himself 
from this business, it would be very hard and singular if the 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 23 



11 


March. 


V. ] 


■ of Man, 
, No. 33. 



1766. 

Treasury, instead of paying wliat had Vieen cx})onded for the 
service of the Britannic legion, should free themselves by ai)pealing 
to General Freytag's estimate, and treat the Prince like a forage 
contractor. The memorial then enters into particidars ; and at the 
end are two lists, — one a state of the monthly maintenance of the 
Britannic legion, the other a state of the monthly economy for 
one battalion of the same, according to the settled allowance. 
2-2 pp. 

76. GOVEEXOR OF THE ISLE OF MaX (WoOD) to the [DUKE OF 

Graftox]. 
As there has happened an affair which gives him great concern, 
this letter is sent by a Liverpool pilot boat, the packet not being 
as yet arrived. Has made it his constant study to cultivate a 
l^erfect friendship and good understanding with the troops, and 
succeeded to his wishes while Col. Raitt was at the head of his 
regiment. But upon his going to London for a few months, the 
command devolved upon Major Pennington, a young gentleman 
to whom he (Mr. Wood) had shown every kind of civilit}^ His 
conduct has often been such as coidd not be passed over, luiless he, 
the Major, had made such concessions as most people in the like 
circumstances would gladly have done. Considering his youth, 
his Excellency was un\villing to proceed to extremities, and 
therefore called the captains together to hold a court of inquiry, 
judging that method might bring him to a sense of his duty. 
When the captains were assembled, and had the articles of accu.sa- 
tion delivered to them, they begged half an hour's respite (before 
sitting) that they might have a conversation with Major Penning- 
ton upon the affair. This was readily granted, but all to no 
purpose. The court sat, the Major made his defence, and the 
report made is, that Major Pennington's conduct was both un- 
military and unbecoming. So unwilling stiU is Mr. Wood to take 
any step which might lessen his rank in the esteem of the people, 
that he will await the arrival of Lieut.-Col. Raitt, who is hourly 
expected ; and if then under the necessity of proceeding to 
extremities, the whole proceedings shall be laid before his Grace. 
— Castletown. '^ pp. 

11 March. 77. Mr. Secretary Coxway to the Lords of the Treasury. 
Treas.EntryBk., Referring to them Lord ColviUe's proposition that the licenses 
'*' ~"^' should be taken away from the rum retailers at Halifax, in Nova 



Scotia. 



7 & 12 Mar. 78. Grey Cooper to William Burke, Esq. 

Treas. & Cust., The Lords of the Treasury desire that copies of any letters 

V.3, OS.12&13. i-giating to Capt. Hodgson's application for allowance for services 

in the Bay of Honduras, received by Mr. Conway from the 

Governor of Jamaica, may be commimicated to them. — Dated 

7 March. 

The reply, dated 12 March, enclosing what were requested, 
and a list of them. " They are numerous, and some of them show 



24 CALENDAR OF 

176G. 

tlio Governor to have lieen dissatisfied; but their Lordships will 
pi-olialj]y, on the whole, think the officer did essential service in 
not hastily executing orders, whicli, tho' the Governor did not 
chusc to give any explanation of to him, yet he thought proper 
to recpiire an explanation himself upon that point from the 
Ministry." A copy. 2 pp. 

Mr. Burke's reply, and a list of the enclosures are also entered 
in Trcas. Enivy Bool; 17G3-75, pp. KU-.j. 

i:> ilarclu 79. Commissioners for Forfeited Estates in the Highl^inds 
scctii.iui. OF Scotland to the [Duke of Grafton]. 

*—'''"' ' ■ ' They think it their duty, when any ecclesiastical living becomes 

vacant within these estates, to point out proper jJersons to succeed. 
Accordingly the kirk of Boleskine, in the forfeited estate of Lovat, 
and within the presbytery of Abertarf, being vacant by the death 
of Mr. Thomas Fraser, they recommend as his successor Mr. John 
Cameron. — Annexed Estates Office. 3 pp. 

13 March. 80. Mr. Secret.uiy Conway to the Secretary- at-Wae. 
War ()flict\ Communicating His Majesty's orders as to the augmentation of 

■t. ^ , i 0. .J.J. .|^|^^ garrison of Gibraltar, and the arrangements for the transport 
of the draughts to that place. — St. James's. 1 p. 

li .March. 81. DuKE of Grafton to the Postmaster General. 
Dom. Entry uk., jjig Grace has, pursuant to the Act, licensed Mr. Charles Colins 
^" '^' ■ to frank votes, proceedings in Parliament, and printed newspapers, 
without covers, or in covers open at the sides. — Whitehall. 

1.5 March. 82. Samuel Garbett to Wm. Burke, Esq. 
Don,, ik'o. III., Alludes to a letter from Mr. Sykes, of Hull, upon the subject of 
No. 11 a,' b. *^"^" iiic'easing quantity of plate iron imported from Sweden, which 
will soon lie practised by Russia. Iron has been lately brought 
from Russia also, in part formed for ship-bolts, kc. ; and unless the 
spirit of the law is soon executed to prevent the importation of 
iron in any other form than common bars, in another year there 
will be many dexterous evasions of the law, by which the revenue as 
well as manufacturers will be considerably injured. Indeed, he will 
be forced " to do it " in self-defence ; and when the Russians have 
felt the advantage of the trade, their Minister will probably 
remonstrate against restraining it. An eminent Russia house, in 
consequence of the application to the Custom House oflScers, 
acquainted him, in confidence, that he was losing his time, for 
that his design would probably lie opposed by the Russian 
Minister. 

Is under great obligation for the letter «hich was written to 
the Lord Advocate of Scotland upon the prosecutions of the 
seducers of workmen to foreign countries. Had the good luck to 
succeed on the trial, though the punishment of the ofibnders is in 
a great degi'ee evaded by the inconsiderai)le bail taken ; which, 
however, is .said to be for as great a sum as the law would admit 



HOME OFFICE TArERS. 25 



17GG. 



of. Has the ill-luck to meet with an opposition before Parliament 
to the amending an Act foi- a turnpike road in so important a line 
as the nearest passage by land between the German and Western 
Oceans, and by v.diich the price of carriage will be reduced one third 
of the present rate. There are at present two roads in difierent 
lines, about 29 and 24 miles long- respectively ; but the lattei', by 
some infatuation, has been made over such hills as to render it im- 
practicable for a cheap conveyance ; whereas, if the tract (sic) was 
altered in some places about a mile at most from the present line, 
there ^vould be a practicable and easy road whereby a thousand 
per annum for carriage would be saved. He applied last year to 
the gentlemen of the country and to the city of Glasgow, and at a 
numerous meeting at Glasgow it was resolved that a view should 
be taken of the " premises " by some gentlemen of considerable 
fortune whom he attended. They unanimously condemned the 
present tract, and approved the alteration he proposed, and made 
a report to a numerous general meeting accordingly, which was 
entered into their books. There were several general meetings 
afterwards by public notice, at every one of which the alteration 
was approved; and at last it was determined, at his expense, 
(which he offered,) to apply to Parliament for jjower to make the 
alteration. And now it is opposed, particularly by Mr. Campbell 
of Shawfield, under the pretence of injuring the tolls of the longest 
road. This pretence would have been more plausible if the Act 
now applied for had been c^uite a new plan, instead of a more 
effectual execution of one ah-eady passed. Mr. Edmonstone and 
Lord Fi-. Campbell, as members for the county and Glasgow re- 
spectively, have the conduct of the Bill. Though they behave 
veiy genteelly to them (the Carron Company), yet the latter's 
connexions are so inconsiderable in Scotland that, "however appa- 
rently it may be for the public good, he fears for the fate of it. 
Encloses another copy of Mr. Sykes's letter. 

The enclosure. Mr. Sykes thought plate iron was within the 
spirit of the Act. He suggested that in case of a new Act it 
ought to extend to all iron about 5 inches broad ; the demand for 
iron of 7, 8, and 9 inches broad, which was entirely calculated for 
English uses, having increased tenfold in ten years. These broad 
sizes were of the same metal as the common sizes, and were only 
dearer on account of the extraordinary degree of labour spent upon 
them. He says he was speaking against his own interest, which, 
however, he never had and never would wish to see promoted 
against that of his countrj-. Russian iron ought to be included in 
any exclusion of this kind, as he foresaw tliat in a few years more 
iron would be imported from thence than from Sweden. He also 
suggests that perhaps an order from the Commissioners of Customs 
to the collectors at every port to inform the importers that no iron 
above o inches would be allowed to be imported but as manufac- 
tured iron might bo sufficient. This should be done at onco, and 
then he himself (being the largest importer of Swrdihli irun 
in the kingdom out of London) would venture to import nun ■, 



26' CALENDAR OF 



Dom. Geo.III 
No. 59 a, b, c 



1766. 
17 March. 83. Secretaey-at-War (E:.rrixgton) to Mr. Secretary Cox- 
way. 

Enclo.sing copies of a letter fi-om Major General Gage, and of an 
extract from a letter from Capt. Stirling, commanding a detach- 
ment of the 42nd regiment at Fort Chartres, in the Illinois 
country. 

The enclosures. The Major General expresses his sorrow that 
no requisition for the aid of the military from the civil magistrates 
has been made to him, as the disturbances which have happened 
have been so much beyond riots, and so like the fore-runners of 
open rebellion, that he has wanted a pretence to draw the troops 
together from every post they could be taken from, that the 
servants of the Crown might be enabled to make a stand in some 
spot if matters should be brought to the extremities that may not 
without reason be apprehended. He has been the more anxious 
in this affair as, from the distance of the troops and the season of 
the year, it would require a considerable time before a respectable 
force could be assembled ; and if the requisition fi-om the civil 
power is postponed till sudden emergencies, it will not be in his 
power to give the assistance required. 

Capt. Studing gives a long account of his proceedings in receiving 
possession of Fort Chartres and other places m the Illinois coimtry 
from the French. lOi pp. 

20 March. 84. Lords of the Admiralty to the Sajme. 

Dom. Geo. 111., Sending copies of two letters from Capt. Antrobus, of H.M.S. 

No 60 1' to e " Maidstone," giving an account of the riotous proceedings of the 
peojile at Rhode Island, as well on account of a seizure he had 
made of a vessel concerned in an illicit trade, as of the late Stamj) 
Act. 

The enclosures, with copy of the correspondence that took place 
between Governor Ward and Capt. Antrobus and his lieutenants 
in consequence of an attack made by a mob on one of the " Maid- 
stone's " boats which had taken the second lieutenant ashore, and 
which the mob carried through a part of the town and then bui'nt. 
The second lieutenant was afterwards attacked, and was supposed 
only to have escaped being mmxlered through the intervention of 
two gentlemen passing. The Governor and magistrates at the 
time of the i-iot were all "not at home," and Capt. Antrobus 
complains that he was not able to get any rech-ess. The report 
was that tlie cause of the outrage was the impressment of some 
men belonging to the colony ; but Capt. Antrobus thinks it was 
entirely owing to the seizure made by him. Out of the impress- 
ment a dispute arose between the Governor and Capt. Antrobus, 
the former claiming jurisdiction over the King's ships in harbour, 
and the latter repudiating his claim. An accoimt is also given 
of a merchant who, at the head of 40 or 50 men, endeavoured to 
]irevent the merchant who contracted for the \'ictualling of the 
King's .ships from sending some provisions on board. Complaint 
was made to the Governor, but no notice taken of it. In short, 
(from the confused state this colony particularly is in,) no one 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



27 



1766. 

need expect any redress of these licentious acts, the magistracy 
Ijeing composed of a very ignorant and turbulent set of people, 
and being rather the planners and countenancers of these riotous 
measures than supporters and protectors of regular government. 
Many of the delinquents, being the electors of their Governor, &;c., 
carry then' audacity to such a height as at times to say, " If 
attempts are made to bring them to justice, he shall not be 
Governor, or they in the magistracy, in the ensuing year." 

Capt. Antrobus's second letter, dated 29th Jan. 1766, gives an 
account of the burning of stamped paper at New York, &c. In 
New England any one who dares to purchase a stamped paper is 
threatened in the public newspapers with destruction by a set of 
people calling themselves " the respectable populace," not com 
wholly of the lower class of people. 38^)^:*. or jjurts of pages. 

20 March. 85. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lord Lieutenant of 

Ireland, IRELAND (HERTFORD). 

V. 430, No. 49. Encloses printed copies of the papers received from the Secretary- 

at- War relative to the report and estimate of the board of general 
officers appointed to consider what sum should be given for each 
of the commissions in the army specifically, when the same shall 
be permitted to be sold ; which estimate, the King, having approved 
of, has directed to be strictly conformed to. In case it .should be 
necessary, from the difference of pay or other particular circum- 
stances of the Irish establishment, to make any alterations in the 
price of commissions in Ireland, it is to be on the same principles 
as the regulations made here, and a report of any necessary 
variation from the enclosed regulation must be sent for His Ma- 
jesty's approbation, together with the reasons on which such 
proposed regulations may be grounded. A draft. 2^ pp. 

20 March. 86. Duke of Grafton to the Earl of Findlater. 
Scotland, Is extremely sorry that he cannot comply with the joint request 

V. 2.), ^ o. 134. ^^ j^jg Lordship and the other gentlemen in favour of Mr. John 
Cameron to succeed Mr. Fraser, the vacancy having been .supplied 
some time before he received their letter. On any future occasion 
will be very glad to show all possible attention to their recom- 
mendation. —Whitehall. 1 p. 



11 March. 



87. Seals. 

Order in Council relative to new seals for Scotland. 



Ip. 



22 March. 

Dom. Geo. III., 
pel.78,No.I2. 



88. Sam. Garbett to the Marquis of Rockingham. 

Relative to the evasions practised at the Custom House upon 
the importation of iron. 

[The information is given in abstracts of other letters to 
Mr. Burke, &:c.] 

Mr. Benjannn Roebuck, of Sheffield, was of the same opinion as 
himself on these matters. — Birmingham. A copy. 2 j^p. large 
size. 



CALENDAR OF 



17G(3. 
22 March. 89. Lord Advocate for Scotland (Miller) to the Duke of 
ScntiiiiKi, Grafton. 

V. ij, No. i:jg. jjj^g j.Qcgived advice from Edinbm-gh that Mrs. Ogilvie, who some 

months ago was convicted of incest and poisoning her husband, 
made lier escape from i)rison, but her escape was not discovered or 
known to the magistrates till the day after. This has happened by 
the corruption or connivance of the under-keei">er. The magis- 
trates made a thorough search of the city, and the Lord Justice 
" Clerk immediately despatched a messenger to trace and overtake 
her on the London road. But he was too late, and only dis- 
covered that a 3'ouiig gentleman, very thin and sickly, mufHed up 
in his big coat, and attended by a servant, had passed through 
Haddington on Saturday' at midnight, and had puslied on with 
four horses day and night from stage to stage to Durham, where 
he desisted fi-om the pursuit. This answers to the time of her 
escape and the state of her person, for .slie had been delivered of a 
cliild in prison about three weeks before, and was to have received 
sentence of death on the Monday after her escape. The 
magistrates of Eilinlnu'gh offered a reward of 100 guineas. — 
Suffolk Street. 3 pp. 

22 March. 90. J. C. Egberts to the Clerk of the Council in Waiting. 
Dora.EntryBk., Encloses a copy of a circular letter from the magistrates of 

V.24, p. 100. health, which mentions the state of the contagious distemper in 
those parts of the Turkish dominions that border upon the Vene- 
tian, " and that it was broke out in Sm_>Tna, and supposed either 
to come from the island of Scio or from the interior parts of 
Natolia." 

23 March. 91. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lords of the Treasury. 
Treas.EntryBli., Desiring them to lay the proper instrument before His Majesty for 

^"''fce^' transferring Col. Gisborne's half-pay on the Irish establishment to 
^' ' Sir William Draper, to be hchl with the governorship of North 

Yarmouth. 

N.B. — This li_tti;r was returned from the Treasury, the half-j.iay 

not being transferase. Sir AV. ]3raj>er had an Irish pension equal 

to it. 

24 March. 92. J- C. Roberts to Chas. Lowndes, Escp 
Trcas^.EntnBli., Informing him, to save time. General Conway being much 

indisposed, that the King has signified his pleasure that any 
further letters or papers received from America relative to the 
business now imder the consideration of Parliament, and not yet 
laid before the House of Commons, be fortlnvith prepared for tliat 
]-.urpcse. The pruper office letter for this purpose shall be .sent as 
Men as General Ccnvay can convenient]}' sign it. 

93. I". Trice, Under Sheriff of Bucks, to the Duke of Grafton. 
Ael.nowledging receipt of letter of 22nd inst., containing reprieve 
for John Kelsey. - Aylesbury. 1 p. 



1703-7 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 29 



17GG. 

27 llarch. 94. Dr. " Messu." Monsey to the Same. 

Dora. Geo. III., Sends a letter from "a most worthy, benevolent, honest man," 

No'^iVa^'l) *^"^ High Sheriff of Norfolk. ' Asks his Grace to give it a perusal, 
and, if po.ssiijle, at least to get a re.spite. Apologises for troubling 
him, i&rc. — St. James's. 

The enclosure. It is signed "John Norris," and dated from 
Witchingham, and is in favour of John Parish, condemned at Thet- 
ford for burglary. 3 ^)j). 

28 March. 95. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lord Lieutenant of Ire- 

Irel. Entry Bk., LAND (HERTFORD). 

Sends directions as to transports for the two troo]is of Colonel 
Hale's Light Horse, now in tlie Isle of Man, liut ordered to return 
to Ireland. — St. James's. 1 J /iji. 



17C1-7 

pp. 



29 March. 96. Isle of Man. 

I^le of Man, " Letter fi'om Govr. Wood, of the 29th March, missin"-." 

N"o 34 'i to o '^^^® enclosures. They consist of a correspondence between the 

Governor, Major Pennington, and Mr. Charles Lutwidge, who was 
at the head of the Revenue Department, relative to the sendino- of 
troops to Peel, where a " very abusive and seditious disposition 
among the inhabitants " had arisen, which broke out in an attack 
upon a soldier, who, as he was passing quietly down the street, 
received a most violent blow on the head from a stone. Mr. Lut- 
widge desired to have an officer and six light horse sent, but the 
Governor (3-i y.) (for the reason that " it would not be possible to 
get forage and ' stabling for seven diugoons, and that there is 
neither hay nor oats to be had there," and also on account of the 
additional expense) (34 c), ordered a company of foot to march 
there, or such part of a company as should be thought sufficient, 
as soon as the weather and roads (which were impassable for the 
depth of snow) would permit. Mr. Lutwidge (34 h.) objected to 
sending a company of foot, as he considered the application for 
light horse the most proper, also because when a company of foot 
had been sent from Douglas there would not remain there more 
than 30 serviceable men besides 10 light hoi'se ; and as it was 
the most centrical port, and had always been the mart of the 
illicit trade, and was the place where the greatest quantity of high 
duty goods were then lodged, and as the inhabitants we're 
nearly equal in number to the three other principal towns, he 
thought the troops then there were barely sufficient, especially if 
the service of the revenue .should require a sudden detachment to 
the northern parts of the Island, which it was very probable 
might become requisite. This necessity, Mr. Lutwidge, in a post- 
script of the 13th Feb., stated, had occurred. Being at the head 
of the revenue, lie claimed, also, the right to judge what trooiis 
were necessary for such particular service, the Lords of the 
Treasurj^ having thought him the proper person to consult wliat 
troops were sufficient to protect and secure the officers of the 



30 CALENDAR OF 

1766. 

revenue in the Island. This claim the Governor repudiated, 
(S-i li. dorse,) adhering to his original resolution. These lettei-s are 
dated the 12th, 13th, and 17th of Feb. 

Out of these circumstances arose the " misunderstanding " 
between the Governor and Major Pennington, "which resulted in 
the court of inquiry of the captains mentioned in the Governor's 
letter of the 11th March (No. 33), and which held several sittings. 
A detailed account of these proceedings, the Governor's charges, 
the Major's justification, the examination of witnesses, fcc, form 
another part of the enclosures (34 j, &c ). It appears that Major 
Pennington only ordered four men and a corporal to Peel, for t4ie 
reason that Lieut, Shaw, who was quartered there, had represented 
that the company he then had was in a miserable situation, — fasting, 
nay, starving, — the deep snows that had fallen having prevented 
the usual supply of bread getting to him. Cajit. Barker, one of 
the officers at Douglas, was ordered by the Major to take the 
conuuand at Peel ; which order, though he complied ^vith it, he 
complained of, as it was out of his tui-n to go on such duty, and 
no part of his company was stationed at Peel, but the whole at 
Douglas, where his wife and family also were. A conversation 
took place between the Governor and Major Pennington, in the 
jiresence of Capt. Barker and Ensign Ellison, in which Mr. Wood 
charged the Major mth conduct " unmilitary and unbecoming." 
The greater part of the examinations and ju.stification relate to 
this conversation, in which the Governor got very hot and 
angiy, but Major Pennington remained " perfectly cool." The 
court of inquiiy were of opinion that, in not having reported to 
the Governor his proceedings. Major Pennington's conduct was 
" unmilitary," and that, in regard to one circumstance which took 
place dm-ing the conversation, it was "very improper and 
unbecoming." 

The enclosures also include the " Governor's remarks on the 
report of the court of inquirj' ;" a statement of " several unbecoming 
remarks made use of by the Major in public court, and not 
inserted in the proceedings;" and a letter (34 7n.) from Captain 
Barker to the Governor, with the vindication enclosed in it, in 
reply to an insinuation which Major Pennington made in his 
justification against the Captain, of a " confederacy, a private 
manner of conveying and managing " an order of the Governor's. 
Capt. Barker desired that this vindication might be sent with 
any account of the proceedings transmitted to England, and stated 
that he had the greatest reason to believe that it was merely out 
of pique that Major Pennington ordered him out of his turn, 
away from his company and from his famil}^ 

There is also (34 o.) a "memo, relating to papers sent to 
Mr. D'Oyly, Apl. 10, 1766," which ai-e the above-described en- 
closures ; and a letter from Major Pennington to the Governor, 
dated Douglas, March 26th (34 i.) stating that he had received 
orders from the Secretaiy-at-War to hold the two troops of light 
dragoons in readiness to embark for Ireland. 46 2Mgcs or parts of 
pages, mod of lunj,' size ai:il vloschj vrrlttcn. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



31 



1766. 
.30 March. 



31 March. 

Dom.Geo.III., 

V.3, 

Nos. Gl.a,b,c, 
and G3. 



97. 



to the Lords of Trade and Plantations. 



')om. Geo. Ill ., Sending an extract from a letter from H.M.'s Minister Plenipo- 

T. 2, No. -20. tentiary at Lisbon, with the copy of a petition from the Deputy 
Consul and British Factory, and directing them to report their 
opinion as to any remonstrances they may think advisable to 
make to the Court of Portugal upon the jjarticular com]3laint in 
the petition, till their Lordships shall be enabled to make their 
report upon the general state of gTievances the Factories of Lisbon 
and Oporto labour under, as referred to then- consideration on July 
10th last. — St. James's. A draft, lij'^x 

30 March. 98. J. C. EoBERTS to the Interpreter to the Tripoline 

:)om.EiitryBk., AMBASSADOR. 

^ ■ ' ' ''■ ^ ' Enclosing a copy of a letter received from the Secretary of the 

Admiralty in answer to the request of that Ambassador that the 
Secretary of State would give directions for four persons of his 
Excellency's retinue to have a passage in the first of H.M.'s ships 
that should sail for the Mediterranean. — St. James's. 



30 March. 99. 

Ireland, 

V. 430, 

No. .') I a, b, . 



30 March. 

Ireland, 

V. 430, 

No. 52 a, b. 



Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Hertford) to Mr. Secre- 
tary CONWAT. 

Encloses a list of 16 Public BiUs sent by the messenger, con- 
stituting the last transmiss of the session, as also of six Private 
Bills sealed in the Council at the same time, to be sent by the 
persons severally interested. As the business of the session is 
much later than usual, requests that all possible despatch may be 
used in regard to them. Both Houses stand adjourned to the 28th 
of next month. — Dublin Castle. 

The list. 5 pages or parts. 

100. The Sajie to the Same. 

Encloses a memorial received from Catherine Countess Dowager 
Tyrone, representing that in 1764 she exhibited her claim to the 
barony of Le Poer, as lineal and rightful heir of Nicholas le Poer, 
who was summoned to the Parliament of Ireland as a baron by 
writ in the 4Sth year of Edward III., and afterwards in the reign 
of King Richard II., and died seised of the honour- and dignity to 
him and his heirs ; that the Earl of Northumberland, then Lord 
Lieutenant of this kingdom, referred the consideration of the claim 
to H.M.'s Attorney and Solicitor General here, who reported their 
opinion that the memorialist had proved her title to the barony ; 
and that the report, as the memorialist has been informed, was 
transmitted to the Earl of Northumberland to be laid before His 
Majesty, but that his Lordship having soon after been removed 
from this Government, no further pi'oceedings were taken. Asks 
that the King would make an order thereon. — Dublin Castle. 

The memorial. 2^ pp. 

101. Lords of the Admiralty to the Same. 

Sending copies of a letter from Sir W. Burnaby, Commander-in- 
chief of H.M.'s ships at Jamaica, enclosing a state of the' trade in 
the Bay of Honduras since his being last there, and representing 



32 CALENDAR OF 

17 GC. 

tliat tlie Ic'gwood cutters there are rinming again into the same 
state of anarchy and confusion they M'ere in before his arrival, ibr 
v hich icE.'on it is alsolntely uecessaiy to appoint seme person to 
sii];eiintend their trade and enforce obedience to their laws; 
and enclosing also a state of the marine and land forces at 
C'arthagena. 

The copy of Sir W. Eiunahy's letter on the state of the Honduras 
trade. In six months there had Leen remitted from thence to the 
amount of near 73,000?., entirely purchased with the manufactures 
f.f the mother country and the produce of the North American and 
West Indian colonies. G fp. 

Ihe report as to Carthagena, made on a " perspective view,"' is 
separated from the ethers, being No. G3 in the same volume. 4//j\ 

31 ]\rarch. 102, Tlic Same to the Same. 

Doni. Geo. 111., Enclosing an extract from a letter from the Commander-in- 

No^C'^'-i b chief of H.M.'s slii] s in Noith America, giving an account of 
seveial vessels having been cleared out by the Custom House 
officers at New Ycrk with unstamped paper, \\hich by the late 
Act ought to be stamped, and of his proceedings in consequence 
thereof. 

The enclo.-ure. 4 i>ii. 

81 March. 103. C. D'Oyly to 'William Eukke, Esq. 

"War Office, In the absence of Lord Barrington, sends, for Mr. Conwa3''s 

No 54 a't'o d information, extracts from two letters from Major Gen.. Gage. 

The enclosures, being the extracts dated from New York, the 
first relating to the disposition of the troops. He proposes to 
abandon as many of the posts as shall be advisable, and bring all 
the force he can into the inhabited country, though the great 
distance, and the obligation of waiting till the lakes and rivers are 
free of ice, will not permit the troops being drawn from the upper 
country as eaily as could be wished. The second relates to and 
encloses the answer of the magistrates of Albany to a requisition 
for (piarters for H.M.'s troops, in conformity with the Mutiny Act 
passed for America. To prosecute the magistrates according to 
the tenor of the Act will avail very little should they be cast in 
the penalty of 5/., and even that would be of very little conse- 
quence. He nmst at present yield to the temper of the times, but 
will not acquiesce in these reiusals the moment it is in his power 
to do otherwise v.-ith anj' jirospeet of redress. 4 'pp. 

3 April. 104. P. Stephex.s to John Chiustopiiee Kobeets, Esq. 

(Jrders Lave been given to Capt. McCleverty, of the "Hind," to 
] locced imm.ediately to New York with Major James and his 
servants and baggage. — Admii'alty Office. 1 pi. 

3 April. 105. J. C Eoele'is to the Chaiemax of the Canada Com- 

Dom.EntrylJk., MITTEE. 

V. L'l, 11. 101. Sending a copy of the convention for the first adjustment of the 

(?auada bills, .signed the 2yth of last month by his Excellency on 



l.-.5,Ki 



17G6. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



33 



the one part, and the Most Christian King's Ambassador, the Count 
de Guerchy, on the other. The reason for the Most Christian 
King and his Plenipotentiary's names preceding those of His 
Majesty and his Plenipotentiary in the copy sent herewith was, 
that the same had been prepared for the ratification of the French 
Court ; but the English having been written on the wrong side, 
another copy was made for the French Ambassador's signing. It 
must be observed, however, that in the convention first signed by 
the British Plenipotentiary, the King and his Ministers' names are 
set first, and wherever the two nations are named the word British 
stands hviovii French.— Ht. James's. 



3 April. 103. Stores at Pondicherrv. 
\V.'irrant Bk,, Caveat on behalf of the East India Company against any 

A.--, p. 4(1. ^^^ any person or persons of the military stirL's taken t'roi 
Frcncla at Pondicherry. 



rant 
tlie 



81 March 

to 
•5 April. 

Dom.Geo. III., 



.5 April. 

Scotland, 



7 April 

Dom.Entry I" 



107. EsrAl',LISI[Mr,.\-T ^)F MaNL'F.\.CTU11ES AllKiiAl'. 

Letters, ^:c. relating to Edward Cator, a native of Banbury, and 
John Hill, who were employed in establishing a manufacture abroad. 
About six or eight months before this time, Cator took Hill, an 
e.xpert artificer in the iron and steel manufacture, and j)articularly 
in the making of coach springs, over to Holland, where they esta- 
blished workshops, &c. at a place called Rhooa-iu-the-Overmaasel, 
near Rotterdam, of which place Count Benting had the lordship 
(18 c). Other information (18 d) states that Hill was at Cator's 
works, " Op de O\'ertoonse Weg," out of the Linden Gate, about 1| 
miles from Amsterdam. Cator, on returning to engage more work- 
men, was apjjrehended when on the point of departure (IS ff). It 
was requested that Sir Joseph Yorke at the Hague might be 
applied to to take steps to compel Hill to return (18 «), so that 
the manufacture might be entirely broken up. Sir Joseph Yorke 
was accordingly written to on April 8th (Indorsement). The 
papers are — 

Mem., signed Sam. Tongue. 31 March. 

Mr. Biu'ke to Mr. Fraser. 

Mr. Tongue to Same. 2 April. 

Mem. as to HlII's whereabouts, (kc. '-> April. 5 pp. 

108. Lord Glasgow to the [Duke of Graftox]. 

Was His Majesty's High Commissioner to the last two meetings 
of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and has to 
ac(piaint his Grace that he appointed their meeting for this year at 
tlie usual place, the 22nd of Ma}'. Begs to have his Grace's re- 
commendation to His Majesty to be his High Commissioner at the 
ensuing meeting. —Kilburn. 1 ^). 

109. J. C. Roberts to Sir Jos. Ayloff and Astle, Esip 

Asking, for Mr. Conway's information, wln'th./r it appears Ijy 

the papi'rs in their otfice that in IGiJl King Wiliiam Hi. proi)O^A 



34 CALENDAR OF 



tlie Sr. D'Hui'vart to reside at Geneva as his Minister ; and if it 
be true that, in consequence of the representations and the reasons 
given Ly the republic, that monarch dispensed with their recei\'ing 
him as a public Minister, but that the Sr. D'Hervart had, never- 
theless, charge of the King's affairs ? Whether the said Kmg 
William afterwards committed the charge of his afl'airs to the 
Marquis D'Arzilliers, who resided there in like manner without 
any public character? Whether King George I. likewise con- 
sented that the Sr. Desrolles (whom he appointed his Eesident at 
Geneva in 1715) should not present his credential letter, but 
should, nevertheless, have charge of the King's affair's without 
being qualified as Minister ? And whether the Count de Marsay 
(who succeeded the Sr. Desrolles in 1717) only acted in conse- 
quence of the King's letter addressed to himself, which he com- 
municated to the fii-st Sjaidic'?— St. James's. 

Before 110. The Solicitor for Scotland, Jajies Moxtgojierv, to 

S April. the DuKE OF Grafton. 

Su.itbud, Received eight seals for Scotland, — a great seal, quarter seal, 

V. 2.), ISO. 138. privy seal, exchequer seal, admiralty seal, .signet, justiciary seal, 
and a cachet, so denominated by a label put up with it ; and, in 
pursuance of orders, saw the old seals defaced, and the new ones 
delivered to the deputies of the respective keepers. But some 
mistake has occurred with regard to the cachet ; for, in place of a 
cachet, he received a seal, an impression of which he transmits as 
the easiest method of making the mistake understood. — WithoiU 
date, hut endorsed "Received 8th April 17G(3." 2 2il')- 

S April. 111. Thos. Waite to William Burke, Esq., at Mr. Secretary 
iiviand, Conway's Office. 

V. toO, i. o. o" . Acknowledges, for the Lord Lieutenant, the receipt of Mr. Con- 

way's letter of 28th past, containing directions as to transports. — 
Dublin Castle. 1 jj. 

1) April. 112. Grey Cooper to the Same. 
Tre:is. & Oust., Sends, for the information of Mr. Secretary Conway, by order of 

Kn.^if a b. ^'^^'^ Lords of the Treasury, a copy of a report of the Commissioners 
of the Customs on a letter from Mr. Garbett, of Birmingham, con- 
cei'niug the fraudulent importation of ii'on. 

The enclosure. On inquiry, Mr. Garbett appears to be a con- 
siderable manufacturer of u'on and iron wares, and to be principally 
concerned in carrying on the iron-works in North Britain known 
as the Carron Company. Some time since the Company's agents 
in London, Messrs. Adam and Wiggin, memorialised them, setting 
forth that a species of iron imported (chiefly from Sweden) in 
plates from 20 to 70 inches long, and from 9 to 30 inches broad, 
Avas suffered to pass at the Custom-house under the denomination 
of uuwrought iron, though they were wrought by the hammer at 
near ten times the expense, and a waste of 10 per cent, more than 
the making iron into liars, whereby the revenue was deprived of 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 35 



17GG. 

the duty in such waste, and the nation ot the advantage of the 
labour ; that the manul'acturing the said plates was attended with 
five times the expense of manufacturing rod iron or iron drawn or 
hammered less than | inch square, which are subject to con- 
siderably higher duties on importation than unwrought iron or 
iron made into bars ; that tlie said plates were principally used 
to make bailers for fire engines, and boilers to make salt in, and 
were manufactured for use in the form in which they were im- 
ported, witliout alteration of shape further than that of riveting or 
fixing them together. That their opinion was tliat they ought to 
pay duty. That H.M.'s Solicitor General, whom they had consulted, 
had given it as his opinion that these iron plates came under the 
denomination of ii'on wares manufactured and not otherwise rated. 
The Commissioners referred this memorial to the Land Surveyors 
of this port, whose duty it is to see that the revenue be not 
defrauded by goods being entered imder wrong denominations. 
They, after a consultation with the agents of the Company, who 
promised to indemnify them if they would prosecute all the plate 
iron imported as unwrought iron, sto})i")ed a parcel imported from 
Holland, the proprietors of which, rather than stand trial, (the 
c^uantity being small,) jiaid duty for the same as iron ware manu- 
factured, declaring at the same time that they woidd never 
import any more if that duty was insisted on. About the same 
time a parcel of plate iron was imported into Whitby, and another 
into this port from Sweden by Messrs. Lindegreen and Co., both 
which parcels were for some time under stop, but the importers 
thereof would not pay the high duties required, and declared their 
intention to stand trial in the Court of Exchequer ; and as it has 
been the practice from time immemorial to permit plate iron to be 
imported as unwrought iron, they, the Commissioners, did not 
think it advisable to try the same, but ordered both the parcels to 
be delivered on payment of duty as unwrought iron. At which 
time the Carron Company's agents, upon a consultation with some 
of the principal importers, reconsidered this matter, and resolved 
to apply to Parhament for a clause to subject the iron in question 
to a higher duty on importation. As Mr. Garbett coidd not but 
be acquainted with this resolution, the Commissioners are at a 
loss to account for the surprise he ex])rcsses at the trial being 
stopped, o'l pp. 

11 April. 113. Lords of the Admiralty to Mr. Secretary Conway. 
Dom. Geo. III., Relative to the vessel which is to lie within the bar of Senegal. 
No. 64:i'b c. ^^ ^^^^ assistance of men from St. Louis, necessary to defend the 
passage of the bar against the enemy, can be depended on, a master, 
a mate, a boatswain, and seventeen seamen, including servants, will 
be sufiicient to navigate her to Senegal, and to do all other duties on 
board after her ari'ival there. Then- Lordships enclose estimates, 
prepared by the Navy Board, of the charge of her first outset and 
annual expense. 

The estimate and letter accompanying it. 4 pj), 

c 2 



36 CALENDAR OF 



1 


7G6. 


11 


April 


V.4 


(ioo. II 
No. 2. 



114. Lords of Trade to the Sajie. 

As to whether it is advisable to make remonstrances to the 
C-ourt of Portugal about a late decree which debars the Deputy 
Consul and British Factory there from having wines and other 
jjrovisions for their private use duty-free. Mr. Hay having pre- 
sented to the Count de Oeyras a memorial on this jjoint, it does 
not seem necessary to make any further remonstrances till the 
result of this application is known. Their Lordships are engaged 
in considering a general state of the grievances of the Factories of 
Lisbon and Oporto. 2 -pp. 

12 April. 115. Newton Ikix to . 

Dom, (;c(i. III., Relative to a request of one Taylor in connexion with the 

po .,.■>, 1 o. 21. possession of a cottage in the manor of Audley. 

Relative also to the convict Bould in Staflbrd gaiil., who had 
discovered a conspiracy among the prisoners to murder the gaoler. 
— Stafford. 3 pyp. 

l.j April. 116. Governor of the Isle of Man (Wood) to the [Duke of 

Isle of Man, GRAFTON.] 

V. i,io. ,5o. jv^qj. ijgjj^g. Ijnown to his Grace, nor able to claim more of his 

notice than proceeds from the course of business, yet from his 
Grace's known character hopes that the circumstances under which 
he lies may recommend him to his Grace's notice. In obedience 
to His Majesty's commands he ordered five " king's arms " to be 
jirovided from Liverpool, to be set up in the Courts of Justice, &c., 
and reserved the remaining twenty for the churches and chapels 
to be provided here. As people here are not acquainted in trans- 
actions with the Treasury, is obliged on such occasions to under- 
take for the payment of their bills. Major Pennington, now in 
command, . declined paying the expenses of the vessel provided, in 
consequence of Lord Barrington's order, to transport to Scotland 
drafts of the Queen's Royal Regiment stationed here, alleging that 
he had no funds, and the Governor had to take them upon himself 
This leads him to observe, that since the I7th of May last (when 
this Island bieaine vi/sted in the Crown), he has not received a 
farthin- salmy hi- ]und U> answer any service whatsoever; and all 
the iiiililu/ (iilcrhiiiiiuriits formerly allowed by the late Lords 
Pro})rietors have breu defrayed at his own expense. — Castletown. 

- vr- 

17 April. 117. Lords of the Admiralty to the Duke of Grafton. 

Admiralty, Sending a copy of a letter fi'om Commodore Proby, commander- 

No Gal in-eliief of H.M.'s ships at Chatham and Sheei-ness, relative to a 

S\\(/dish merchant ship which lately sailed from the Medway, and 

was ibrced back the day before by the crew, who had put the 

Captain into confinement, but released him again when the ship came 

to anchor. The Commodore took such men from the vessel as the 

master desired, and they still remain on board H.M.S. " Augusta." 

The enclosure. 2 pp. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 37 



17GG. 


17 April. 
Dom.Gco.UI. 

^"0. 65 a toe. 



118. llie Sajie to Ml!. Secretary CV)Nway. 

Stiuliiig co];ics of a letter, and tlie papers enclof^ed therein, from 
Capt. Lobb, of H.M.'s slcop " Viper," dated at Cape Fear, in North 
Carolina, relative to the tuninltiions proceedings of the populace 
on account of the late Stamp Act. 

The enclosures, con.sisting of (.'apt. LohlTs litter, -who, fearing an 
attack on Fort Johnston, caused the guns to 1 e sjukcd ; an order 
fiom the Governor to the Commander of the fort at BrunsAvick to 
oLey the directions of Capt. LobL ; a letter from the Governor, 
and another from f=ome gentlemen in the country Avho h.cadccl 
GOO or 700 men, desiring a redress of their grievances. 13 pp. 

IS April. 119. Francis d'Honoeato Beete, of Leghorn, Merchant. 
^o"-s'x''o^'' Memorial of, relative to a cargo of wheat belonging to the 
pi..!?, 0.26. jiiemorialist, which John Wilson, jun., master of the brigantuie, 
" Margaret," had di.sposed of and never accounted for. Prays 

■2-2 April. 120. AVilliaji Burke to Samuel Garrett, Esq. 

1)0111. Geo. HI., Sends a coiiy of the report of the Commissioners of the Ciistdui.-i 

rcl. 78, ^o. 27. 1 ■ 1 ii ■ xi • r . 

upon his letter concerning the iron inamitactnre. 

The places where the runaway maniirartiun-, n/trcat to abroad, 
and the place of their employment at Iimih,- In ini; in the Duke of 
Grafton's department, it has been otticially iKcrssary to remit all 
those affairs to Mi-. Stinithcwrr, his Grace's secretary. Hence it 
is not that he, Mr. liiiikr. mrans to decline any trouble, but only 
to expedite the business, that he advises him (Mr. Garbett) to 
address himself on these occasions to Mr. Stonehewer, a gentleman 
of great worth, extreme good understanding, and of the politest 
manners. Genl. Conway and himself Avill always be glad to be of 
any service. A draft. 3 pp. [ 

121. J. C. Roberts to the Chairman' of the Canada Committee. 
The ratifications of the convention for the final adjustment of 

tlie Canada bills were this day exchanged with Count tie Guerchy, 
Amliassador from the Most Christian King. — St. James's. 

122. Thos. Harrison, Commander of H.M.'s Ships in the Medi- 
terranean, to Philip Stephens, Escp 

Has returned to Port Mahon, after paj'ing his congratulations 
to the Dey of Algiers upon his accession to the throne, who re- 
ceiA-ed him Avith every mark of I'espect. Touched strenuously 
upon the subject of the " Florida" storeship. The Dey seemed quite 
sensible of the error the Captain of the cruiser had committed, and 
promised he should be punished Avith all the severity his Britannic 
Majesty thought proper, to Avhom he had addressed himself on the 
occasion. 

Is now under the necessity of calling attention to the very 
extraordinary conduct of Mr. Kiike, the Consul at Algiers, Avho 
has thought proper to put a stop to the supply of provisions to the 
King's ships in the customary manner, and has set himself aboA-e 



2'2 


Apri 


Dom.Entiv R 


V. 24 


, p. lo; 


23 


Ap.il 


Adn 


lirnltv, 


IK-I. i; 





38 CALENDAH OF 

1766. 

liiin (the Commtincler), and as to other things. As to the reduction 
of SafiVon Island, he must observe, in justice to Mr. Warren's 
merit and assiduity, that it goes on A^ath amazing progress, and 
that the plan has all the appearance of being executed with skill 
and I'jropriety, and most undoubtedly, vrhen finished, will prove of 
the gi-eatest utility to His Majesty's service. — Centurion, Port 
Mahon. 7| 2^P- 
17 ^larch 123. Mr. Secret.vrt Conway to Commodore Haeeison. 

^11' 1 . Directing him, in consequence of the neglect of the Bey of 

23 April. Trijioli to pay the bills given in satisfaction of the ^'iolence done 
Admiralty, to the ship " Vincenzo," either to repair to Trijioli himself or to 
Nos* i' and " '""^'^^^ °^^ °^" ^^'^ captains under his command thither, to inform the 
Bey that it is His Majesty's pleasure that these bills shall be paid 
ofl'. The payment is peremptorily to be insisted on, and no argu- 
ment or pretence in contradiction to the payment to be listened to. 
When this has been settled he is to appoint some proper person to 
take care of Briti.sh affairs at Tripoli upon the departure of 
Mr. Fraser, whom His Majesty has ordered home to account for 
his conduct towards the Imperial Consul. The Bashaw is to be 
made to understand that the recall of the British Consul does not 
in any sort proceed from any displeasure conceived against him 
for his conduct in the affaii- of the " Vincenzo." " On the contrary, 
had that gentleman in other things carried himself with the same 
propriety as he seems to have behaved with in the whole course 
of the affair of the ' Vincenzo,' he would not have wanted His 
Majesty's countenance and protection." Fm-ther, if Mr. Fraser 
should not have depai-ted from Tripoli before his an-ival, the Com- 
modore is to institute a strict examination into his treatment of 
the Imperial Consul, and if it be found that he could so far forget 
decency as to have forcibly entered the Imperial Cousid's house, 
and maltreated him and his wife pei'sonally, it is His Majesty's 
command that before his departure he .should acquaint the Bashaw 
and the European (.Consuls there residing that he lias been recalled 
on account of the outrages committed by him. At the same time 
the Commodore will be very attentive that nothing should be done 
derogatory to equahty of the British with the Imperial consular 
character. [A draft, dated 17 March.] 

Commodore Hai-rison's acknowledgment of the same, dated 
23 April, on board the " Centurion " in Mahon harbour. 5^ pj). 

25 April. 124. Samuel Gaebett to Wm. Burke, Esq. 
^""'cPts ■'"" Acknowledges the receipt of the letter of 22nd inst., with the 
Xo.Vs'a.'ii. report of the Commissioners of Customs, kc. Encloses a sketch of 
Mhat he has drawn up by way of note upon the Commissioners' 
niKirt. Thanks him for his a.ttention. — Birmingham. 

The enclosure, in which it is asserted that it M^as possible, by the 
method of enforcing the laws at the Custom-house, among other 
things to import as unA\TOught iron three gun barrels (formed in 
siieljis in one liar of iron), and iron in part manufactured for rods, 
ship bolts, anchor Hues, &c. 2 pp. and 1| pi'- of larger size. 



HOME OFFICE PAPEES. 39 



176G. 
25 April. 125. Governor of the Isle of Man (Wood) to the Duke of 

Isle of Man, GrAFTOX. 

V. 1, o. 36. Though several of the " Keys " and principal people of this 

Island made repeated representations to him of the mihappy 
circumstances of the inhabitants for want of employment, yet, 
thinking it a delicate point to interfere in, he has hitherto declined 
troubling his Grace upon this subject ; but as they have now sent 
a deputation to implore the attention of Government, thinks it his 
duty to apprize his Grace that Mr. George Moore, the Chairman 
of the Keys, and two others, have set out for London on that 
occasion. Upon taking possession for the Crown, he did, according 
to instructions, assure the people of His Majesty's inclination to 
promote their happiness, which has prompted them to claim from 
him, Mr. Wood, a representation of their distressed state. Far be 
it fi-om him to point out particulars ; but as the j^romoting agri- 
culture and manufactures was the most eligible plan he could 
devise for employment and support of the people, he formed, and 
put himself at the head of, a society (called the Manx Society) for 
jjromoting those branches of industry, which is supported by their 
annual subscriptions, and promises all the success that can be 
ex]iected. The people are natm-ally active and industrious, and if 
properly employed might become useful subjects in many respects 
to their King and country. — " Isle Mann." 2 pp. 

2G April. 126. General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. 
Churcli Bk., Instructions, private instructions, and additional private in- 

nci-so' structions for the Earl of Glasgow, H.M.'s High Commissioner to 
pp. 09-7.3. the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, being the same, 
except in one article, as are entered at p. 53 of the same volume; 
a letter to Grey Cooper, Esq., to move the Lords of the Ti'easury 
to cause the usual warrants for the salary of the High Commis- 
sioner to be prepared ; and His Majesty's letter to the General 
Assembly. 

28 April. 127. Duke of Grafton to the Earl of Glasgow. 

Church Bk., Informing him of his appointment as High Commissioner to the 

i76'i-''89!Vr.3 General Assembly, and sending his commission, &c. 

29 April. 128. Grey Cooper to William Eraser. 

Doni.Gw.iiL, Relative to the request of Mons. Alt, Minister of the Landgrave 
pe . ,b, X o. 29. ^|. jjgggp^ ^i^j^^ (-l^g Landgrave's demands on accoimt of the Hessian 
troops shoiUd be revised. The Lords of the Treasury are of 
opinion that they are precluded from further consideiing this 
matter, the reports upon these claims having been approved of bj- 
Parliament.— Treasury Chambers. 1 p. 

29 April. 129. William Burke to Mr. Freemantle, Secretary to the 
Doni. Entry 13k., Commissioners of Customs. 

''■-'V- *^- To inform the Commissioners that Mons. Brian t, a Pi-omrai 

Catholic gentleman, now, by permission of Government, in a con- 



40 CALENDAR OF 

17GG. 

sidiralilc office in the Roman Catholic Church in Canada, is going 
tliither, and meaus "to take certain books with him of that peiv ■ 
suasion," which it is thouglit it would be unreasonable to deny 
him the permission of doing ; and to desire that his books may not 
1)0 stopped. — St. James's. 

2!) April. 130. Sei'retary-at-War (Barrixgtox) to Mr. Secretary 

^\•■.iT (_)fficp, COXWAY. 

V. i>o, No. 0.5. Communicating His Majesty's orders for the 1-tth regiment to 

relieve one of the regiments in America, in order that directions 
may be sent to the Lords of the Admiralty to provide transports for 
the same. 1 p. 

1 May. 131. Lords of the Admiralty to the Duke of Grafton. 
Adiuiraliy, Send a copy of a letter from Lieutenant Clayton, commanding 

pci.^i5.j, ofhcer on board H.M.S. " Augu.sta " at Sheerness, giving an account 

that, at the request of the Swedish Ambassador's Secretary, he had 
confined in irons the four Swedish seamen who put their master 
under confinement, and had sent the other seven on lioard their 
own ship. For His Majesty's plea.sure as to how the four men 
are to be disposed of. 
The enclosure. 2i iY>. 

2 May. 132. Baron de Nolkex to the Same. 

Admiralty, Requesting that, as the season is too far advanced to procure a 

]icl. 155, No. 0. ygggei to convey to Stockholm the Swedish sailors detained at 
Sheerness for a serious crime, they may be kept either at Sheerness 
or in some other prison belonging to the King in some place or 
vessel, in order to avoid disagi-eeable discussions Avith the civil 
magistracy, until an opportunity for sending them presents itself. 
He will be responsible for the cost of their maintenance, and his 
Court will oblige His Majesty on any similar occasion. (French.) 

2 May. 133. Duke of Grafton to Governor AVood. 
Isk- of Jhm, In regard to the misunderstanding of which he gives an account. 

-\', ,, the whole of that matter was refeiTed to the consideration of the 
Secretary-at-War, and his Grace now encloses a copy of a letter 
iiitrnd in received from him, that he may see his Lordship's opinion thereon. 
j.iLi.f .Muu The necessary orders in consequence of that opinion will be sent 
!''"!l^^' ^^j^' to Major Pennington from the War Oflice ; and his Grace has only 
' 'p. 3'J. ' ' to add that he must desire for the futui'e that aU orders he (the 
Governor) may think proper to give, which relate in any degree 
to the troops, should be first sent to the commanding officer, by 
whom the detail and execution of them should be regulated. The 
letter relating to money matters has been referred to the Lords 
of the Treasury.— Whitehall. A draft. 

The enclosure. The Secretary-at-War has examined the papers, 
and has conversed with some ofiicers of experience upon the 
subject of the dispute, who all agTce with Iiim in opinion that 
.Maj(,ir rcnningtuu has acted inconsistently with the respect which 



No. 37 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 41 



17G6. 

is due to the King's commission ; that he ought, therefore, to make 
a proper submission to the Governor, and take care to yn-event all 
further disagreements ; and tliat the Major is blameable for not 
having informed himself of the power of the King's commission before 
he decided upon it according to his own opinion. It seems neces- 
sary, however, that the Governor should be apprised that all orders 
which he may give relative in any degree to the troops should be 
first sent to the commanding officer. — Dated 2Gth April. 4 pj.'- 

■i JIay. 134. Samuel Garbett to William Burke, Esij. 
Dora. Geo. III., Ackuowledg.-s Irtt.T nf :Ust ult. Has made som,' altrration in 
XoVi'a'b ^^^^ I'eply to tlic ( 'ii-toin-liouse report, and enel'>-i's a sketch of 
what he will proljalily si/nd. Will gratefully accept of liis counte- 
nance and that of Mr. [Edmund] Burke if he should attempt a bill 
by petition from the Carron Company or him.self, which he did 
not intend, but will make no scruple of doing. Has an old 
acquaintance with Sir Charles Mordaunt and Mr. Bromley, the 
members for the county, and nmst apply through them and some 
of their friends whom he knows, and wlio would be offended if in 
his owni name he should petition Parliament through any other 
hands, viz.. Sir Roger Newdigate, Mr. Bagot, and Lord Grey. 
These old country families look upon themselves as the patrons 
of the trade of the neighbourhood, and really have great inclination 
to serve it when they distinctly understand the subject ; but they 
are seldom troubled ; and indeed somebody is sorely wanted, Avho 
is not only intelligent but hath enlarged views, to take the lead 
in considering our commerce as a subject of politics. His, Mr. 
Burke's, most ingenious cousin gave him hopes of his coming to 
Birmingham this summer. Will be at home in May or June, and 
September and October. Mr. Burke would certainly find con- 
siderable amusement by spending a week or two in this busy 
coimtry. It would be an amazing scene to him. His, Mr. Gar- 
bett's, Avife and family will be in Scotland till towards Christmas, 
so that he wiU have cpiite a bachelor's house ; and if Mr. Burke 
would bring Mrs. Burke for the recovery of her health, would 
hope the journey would be doubly agreeable to him. Whilst 
wi-iting, has received a most obliging letter from the Duke of 
Grafton relative to the men who are gone to Gothenburgh. 

Is very sorry that he, Mr. W. Burke, is not in Parliament. 
Heartily wishes to hear soon that so warm a friend to the country 
is a member of the Legislature, to lend a steady hand to the 
protection of manufactures and the establishment of commerce, 
points that have been little attended to with real political skill. 

Encloses a copy of his reply to the Duke of Grafton. — Bir- 
mingham. 

The letter to the Duke of Gi-afton (the other enclosure not 
being forthcoming). It relates to the runaway workmen at 
Gothenburgh. Mr. Garbett saj-s that he has not the least ex- 
pectation that Sir John Goodricke can persuade them to return, 
or obtain any material intelligence about tlieir seducers. He 
himself would fear more from tlieir return, unle^^ sufHcieiit 



42 CALENDAR OF 

1766. 

security were given for tiieii- continuance in Britain, than from 
what they can now effect witliout more workmen. Therefore, in 
point of security to the manufactures, would prefer their being out- 
lawed to their return. Gives some information about their seducers. 
Shows the ill effects in Scotland from the insufficient bail taken, 
the Company's want of old family connexions in Scotland, and 
power of sometimes obtaining some of the little offices in the 
ueighboui-hood for the lower people. States that one of the work- 
men at Gothenburgh, \iz., Graham, has sent 20 guineas to his 
•wife in Scotland, which has had a dangerous effect upon their 
servants. 6 2^P- 

G May. 135. Lord Glasgow to the [Duke of Grafton]. 

Scotland, Acknowledging, his Grace's despatch of the 28th April, and 

V. 1'.), No. 133. u ji 'g commission appointing him his High Commissioner to the 
ensuing meeting of the General Assembly of the Church of 
Scotland, with the instructions, kc. — Kilburn. 1 p. 



7 May. 136. William Burke to Lord Viscoltn't Beauchamp, &:c. 

A draft in Desires him to apply to the Lord Lieutenant to write an office 

\!'*'{,'!j"(f ' letter to the Secretary of State, recommending Sir William Draper 

Xo. 54 a toe. to a pension on the military pension list of Ireland, equal to a 

Entered colonel's half-pay. This is, it seems, the official method for Sir 

(without the William to obtain ' the half pay of Col. Gisborne which he is to 

IreT'l'!ntry''Bk li^ve, and it can be done no other way. 

1761-70, p. 82.' P-S. — The enclosed memorial relative to the cargo of the .ship 
" Earl of Sandwich," just put into General Con\\'ay's hands, to lie 
laid before the Earl of Hertford, for his directions thereupon. 
The memorial and an affidavit. 2 pp. 

7 May. 137. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Hertford) to Mr. 

Ireland, SECRETARY CONWAY. 

No^5t'a''b Transmits an addi'ess of the knights, citizens, and burgesses, in 

Parliament assembled, to the King, presented to him this day. — 
Dublin Castle. 

The address, praying his Majesty to return to his most faithful 
subjects, "the Bill transmitted to Great Britain for limiting the 
duration of Parliament this session." 2 jj^;. 

10 May. 138. French Boat Sunk. 
DoTii. (ii-n. III., Affidavit of the captain and crew of a French fishing boat, made 
\. 2, . 0. 21. ^^ Dover, rola^'-e to the sinking of their boat by a boat belonging 
to H.M.'s armed cutter, the " Marklenburgh." 3 closely luritten 

10 ]\Iay. 139, Duke of Grafton to the Postmaster General. 

Doni.EntryBk., Having appointed George Brown, Esq., to be his first clerk in 

'^' ■ the room of Joseph Richardson, Esq., deceased, has also authorised 

him, pursuant to the Act, to direct all letters and papers on tlie 

public V)UsinLv>s of the ofhco, and to signify tlie same to be on 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 43 



1766. 

H.M.'s service, according to the specimen enclosed, and to be 
sealed with his Grace's seal, in order that they may pass free of 
postage. 

The specimen referred to, and a letter thereon. 

10 May. 140. Goverxor of the Isle of Man (Wood) to the [Duke of 

isicofMiin, Grafton]. 

V. 1, i 0. 38. Received by the last packet his Grace's letter of the 2nd inst., 

and its enclosure. It gives him concern that he omitted in his 
reply to the Majoi-'s justification, that he never had given any 
orders relative to the troops but through the commanding officer ; 
for which he can appeal to Lieut-Col. Raitt or the Major liim.self, 
and is sorry to appear in so unmilitary, so absurd a light. As to 
the affair of Capt. Barker, which gave rise to such an opinion, 
that was in consequence of a remonstrance made by the Captain 
to him, the cu'cumstances of which appeared so reasonable that 
he could not avoid complying with Capt. Barker's request. 
Submits with what propriety he could at any time send his order 
to the Major, who so lately before, in his own presence, treated it 
with so much contempt ; a repetition of which would have neces- 
sitated his arrest. Has not seen Major Pennington lately ; but as 
it appears to be his Grace's inclination to have the aftair amicably 
adjusted, peace and harmony have ever been his maxim, and he 
will accept such submission as may be consistent with his public 
and private character. Has written to Lord Barrington to the 
same eifect. — Castletown. 2 pp. 

13 May. 141. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Hertford) to Mr. Secre- 

Ireland. T.UiY CONWAY. 

Ko \&Th c ^^ obedience to His Majesty's commands, he referred to the 

consideration of a Board of General Officers here the prices which 
should be given for commissions in the army in this kingdom, 
when the same shall be permitted to be sold. Ti-ansmits their 
report as to the variations from the regulation of prices in Great 
Britain, with the reasons for the same. — Dublin Castle. 

The report, and an estimate, showing the paj- per day, the 
whole cost of each commission, and the amount paid on each step. 
In Briti.sh money the whole cost of a lieutenant-colonelcy of Horse 
was valued at 4,7-50/.; of Dragoons, at 4,1.50/. ; and of Foot, at 
3,500/. 4 pp. 

14 Ma3^ 142. J. C. Roberts to the Chairman of the Canada Com- 

Dom. Entry Bk., MITTEE. 

^' " ' **■ ■ Mr. Secretary Conw^ay has just received a letter from Lord 

George Lennox, informing him that the 500,000 livres have been 
actually paid to his Lordship for account of the proprietors of 
Canada paper, and that the " reconoissances " of the other 
2,500,000 livres Avere in the press, and would be marked with the 
lottery number, as desired by the Committee, who will, of course, 
let General Conway know what further directions they wish him 
to give. — St. James's. 



44 CALENDAR OF 



. 420, Nc 



17 Mny. 143, Tlic Master General of the Ordnance (Granby) to 
orciiNiiKr, Mr. Secretary Conway^ 

A,;,, 1 '., j„ c. Sends, in order that His Majesty's pleasure may le taken 

tliereniion, a demand from the respective ofBcers of the Ordnance 
in the Ceded islands, for a considerable supply of ordnance, with 
the letter from the principal officeis of the Ordnance transmitting 
the same. — Knightsbridge. 
The enclosures. 5| pp. 

On or before 144. John Page, of Dundalk, in the co. of Louth, Grocer, to 
I'J May. the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Hertford). 

■I'land, Petition that the iirotection enjoyed by one Kountree in con- 

''°'^' nexion with the Bavarian Minister may be withdrawn in order 
that ho may be sued for a debt incurred. 
Docquetted: — " Eec. 19 May GG." 1 p. 

I'.i May. 145. Lords of the Admiralty to Mr. Secretary Conway. 
'*'!."'J ''"'"■,"'■' Sending an extract from a letter from Capt. Hughes, of 
■v.o, . o. Oj.i, ). jujg " Boreas," giving an account of his having met with, at 
Santa Cruz in the island of Teneriff, two French vessels, com- 
manded by King's lieutenants, freighted with merchandise on the 
King's accormt, in order to trade for slaves on the coast of Africa, 
and to carry them from thence to Guadeloupe and Cape Francois. 
The extract. 2 pp. 

21 May. 146. Charles Lowndes to William Burke, Esq. 

Treas. & Cust., Sends a copy of a report of the Commissioners of Customs on 

\. ; , i 0. .) a, 1. ^ translation of a memorial of the Spanish Ambassador, requesting, 

in the name of the King his master, that wines of the growth of 

the Canary Islands may be imported directly to America and the 

British Colonies. — Treasury Chambers. 

The report. The Canary Islands being understood to lie in 
Africa and not in Europe, they see no objection in the Acts for 
wine of the growth thereof being imported directly from thence 
to any British colon}- or j^lantation in America in British-built 
ships navigated according to law, and paying the duty of 7?. per 
tun laid by the Act of the fourth of His present Majesty. .Si pp. 

1-2 May. 147. Mr. Secuktaiiv ('unway to the Lords of the Treasury. 

Kiiv^'sT.ct^Bk., Directing thnu to prepare tlic lU'oper letter to be laid before 

\.\i,\\b,. His Maji'sty for allowing a pension of 15s. a day on the niilitaiy 

establishmmt of Ireland to Major Lewis Marcell, Director of 

Engineers in Ireland, who has been upwards of oO years in the 

jervice, a great part of which he has served abroad. — St. James's. 

23 May. 148. The Same to Sir Joseph Yorke. 

Ciiciilar lik., Announcing his appointment to the Northern Department, and 

i>p''!is-o ^'"''^^ ^^ ^^^^ Duke of Richmond to succeed him in the Southern ; 

his Excellency's coire.-pi. ndencc is conseciuently to be held for the 

future witli liini, Mr. <Jon\vay. — St. James's. 



ho:me office papers. do 



Like letter to Viscount Storinont, Aiiiliassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary at Vienna ; Benj. Langlois, Esq., Secretary to 
the Embassy at ditto ; Sir Geo. Macartney, Envoy Extraordinary 
at Petersburgli ; Samuel Swallow, Esq., Consul General at ditto ; 
Sir John Goodricke, Bart., Envoy Extraordinary at Stockholm ; 
Walter Titley, Esq., Envoy Extraordinary, and Robert Gunning, 
Esq., Resident, at Copenhagen; Philip Stanhope, Esq., Envoy 
Extraordinary at Dresden ; Will. Gordon, Esq., Minister Pleni- 
potentiary at Brussels ; George Cressener, Esq., Minister Pleni- 
IJOtentiary at " Bown " ; Sir And. Mitchell, Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary at Berlin ; Thos. Wroughton, Es(|., 
Resident at Warsaw; Ralph Woodford, Esq., Resident, and Emanuel 
Mathias, Esq., Agent with the Hans Town's, at Hamburgh ; 
Mr. Wolters, Agent at Rotterdam ; Mr. Fenwicke, Consul at 
Elsinore ; Mr. Wallace, Consul at Bergen ; Mr. Corry, Consul 
at Dantzig; Mr. Hatton, Consul, and Mr. Mortimer, Vice-Consid, 
at Ostend ; Jno. Wood, Esq., Governor of the Isle of Man, by 
Whitehaven ; Fulke Greville, Esq., Minister Plenipotentiary at 
Munich, and Minister to the Diet at Ratisbon ; Lord Justice Clerk 
at Edinburgh ; and Lord George Beauclerck, Commander-in-cliief 
of H.M.'s forces in North Britain, at Edinburgh. 

23 May. 149. Secretary of State. 
Dora.EiKivisk., Mem. — That the Duke of Grafton resigned the seals, Wednesdav, 

V. 2.3, p. 303. ^^_^^ J ^^j^ jjg^^^^ £^^. ^j^g Northern Department ; and that the Duke of 
Richmond, fcc, received the seals on Fridaj'. the :iord May, fur the 
Southern Department. 

2f> ilay. 150. Duke of Richmond to the Lord Lieutexant of Irelaxp. 

^'■t*':"|'i. _ The King having charged Mr. Secretarj- Conway with the 

^' "-'"•■''• business of the Northern Province, and delivered to his Grace 

the seals uf the Southern Department, desiring that his Excellenc3-"s 

dispatches be directed for the future to him, the Duke of Richmond. 

—St. James's (sie). A draft. 1 p. 

2-t May. 151. Rev. Johx Hamiltox, Moderator, to the [Duke uf 
Scotland, Grafton]. 

No Vau'a b Transmits the General Assembly's answer to His ^rajesty's 

letter to them, with a copy for his Grace's perusal. — Edinburgh. 
The enclosure. 3 I'lp. 

27 May. 152. Duke of Richmond to the Lord Presidext of the Council. 
Dom. EntiyBk., Enclosing a copy of a letter from H.M.'s Consul at Leghorn, 
\.i , p. 10/. together with a copy of a representation transmitted by him from 
the British Factory established at that place, concerning the 
quarantine which all ships from that port have for some yeai's 
been obliged to perform in England, and desiring him to take His 
Majestj-'s pleasure thereon. — Whitehall. 

30 May. 153. J. C. Roberts to the Secretary-at-Wai;. 

Mil. Entry Uk., Encloses copics of a letter and enclosure just received from tlio 

Y. 28, pp. 1 CG-s. j.^^^, Governor of Senegal.— Whitehall. 



46 



CALENDAR OF 



30 May. 



30 j\Iay. 



Petitions, 


1763-84, p. 20. 


31 May. 


Dom. Geo. III.; 


V. 3, No. C9. 


31 May. 


Drafts in 


Ireland, 


V. 430, 


No. 58 a, b. 


Entered in 


Kings Let. Bli. 



Governor Barnes's letter to Mr. Secretary Conwaj', dated from 
Fort St. Lewis, Senegal, Feb. IG, 17G0, is also entered, and a 
state of the garrison 

In consequence of H.M.'s proclamation of 21st June last (which 
did not reach him till some time in December) thinks it 
his duty to send a state of the establishment. By their last 
letter from the African Company, of Mar. 27, 1765, they at 
Senegal were told that as the Company's management here was 
to end after Oct. 29th, no further assistance must be expected 
from them. This letter was accompanied by a cargo of mer- 
chandise and provisions amounting to about 2,.500?., Ijeing part 
of what they had demanded for the service of the last year. In 
order to make this small provision last as long as possible, they 
were obliged, soon after its receipt, to discontinue the repairs of 
the fort, and to retain only so many artificers, &c. as were neces- 
sary for its preservation. Yet, notwithstanding the utmost 
frugality, they are now reduced to about three months' provisions ; 
the store of merchandise is entirely exhausted ; they are already 
indebted near 1,500/. to the Moorish and Negro chiefs, their 
neighljours, and have no means left either to pay the people in 
service, or to support their credit in the country. Mr. Conway 
will likewise perceive by the enclosed report to what a contemptible 
number the garrison is reduced. 

The number of the white men amounted to thirty-seven, of 
whom twenty-four were private soldiers. 

154. Master General of the Ordnance to the Duke of 

Richmond. 

To know how certain supernumerary men of the Royal Artillery, 
and officers from the half-pay list in the Ceded Islands, are to be 
subsisted for the future, no provision being made for them on the 
establishment of the Royal ArtUlery. Sends an extract from a 
letter from Governor Melville relating to the same. 

The enclosure. 3 pp. 

155. Samuel Norman. 

Petition of, for leave to bring in a wi'it of error returnable in 
H.M.'s High Court of Parliament, in regard to a judgment obtained 
in the Court of King's Bench by William Inglis. 

Allowed May 30. 

156. Newfoundland. 

" Particular oixlers and demands rcrpiircd liy Captain Debliieg 
for the service of Newfoundland." 1 \ pji. 

157. Duke of Richmond to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 

(Hertford). 

Transmits His Majcsiy's answer to the address of the House 
of Commons in iivlaiid [irhitivr to the Bill iur limiting the duration 
of Parliament].-^St .lanirs's (sic). 

The answer. " His Majesty will always have the highest satis- 
faction in complying with the wishes of his faithful Commons ; 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



47 



fG6. 



28 & 31 May. 

War Office, 



31 May. 

Dom. Gin.ITL, 
l)cl. 78, No.ao. 



2 June. 



2 June. 

Admiralty, 

pel. 155, 
Mo. 1 1 a, b 



but no consideration can prevail with His Majesty to swerve from 
that indispensable duty which the Constitution prescribes to him, 
of concurring in such provisions only as, on matiu'e deliberation 
and advice of his Council, ap})ear to him, at the time, calcidated 
to promote the true interest and happiness of his people." 3 lyp. 

158. The Same to Lord Barringtox. 

For the immediate recall of Major General Burton, as his iiresence 
will be necessary on Governor Murray's arri^-al. — Wliitehall. 
A draft. 1 p. 

The reply thereto, dated 31 May. Will not fail to rei)eat the 
orders to hasten General Burton's return. Hopes the General will 
shortly arrive here, as, by the last letters, he had quitted his 
station. 1 p. 

159. Cash Book. 

Showing recei])ts and payments for the following : — 
Duke of Bedford, H.M.'s Ambas.sador Extraonhnaiy and Pleni- 
potentiary to the Court of France, from Sept. 17G2 to Jan. 1701 ; 
Richard Neville Neville, Esq., from Sept. 17C2 to Felj. 17G4 ; 
Earl of Hertford, H.M.'s Ambassador Extraortlinary at the Court 
of France, from May 1763 to Feb. 17G4 ; Sir Joseph Yorke, 
H.M.'s Ambassador Extraoixlinary and Plenipotentiary to the 
States General, fi'om Nov. 1703 to 31 May 17G0. 
A hook in stiff pjaper covers. 

160. Lords of the Admiralty to the Right Hox. Seymour 

Conway. 
Relative to the complaint of the French Ambassador of a want 
of attention in the Commander of one of H.M.'s ships towards the 
Commanding Officer of the French King's marine at Marseilles. 
They have directed Commodore Spry, who will very speedily sail 
to take upon him the command of H.M.'s shi^JS in the Mediter- 
ranean, to make a strict enquiry into the complaint, and, if there 
shall have been gi-ound for it, to signify to Captain Dent the 
disapprobation of their Lordships in regard to his conduct, and to 
give strict orders to the captains under his command to pay the 
same attention on their part as the Count de Guerchy represents 
is .shown by the French in like circumstances. 2 pp. 

161. The Sajie to the Duke of Richmond. 

Enclosing a copy of a letter from Commodore Harrison, giving 
an account of his proceedings at Algier with respect to the 
"Florida" storeship, and complaining of the misbehaviour of 
Mr. Kirke, H.M.'s Consul there. They cannot help observing that 
if the behaviour of Mr. Kirke is not totally discountenanced, and 
effectual orders given to prevent the like behavioui' for the future, 
not only to the Commander-in-chief but to the captains of any of 
H.M.'s ships, it will lessen the dig-nity of the King's officers in the 
eyes of those people, and be attended with bad consequences. 

The enclosure, the same as described under 23rd April. (See 
No. 122.) 9 pjx 



48 



CALENDAR OF 



1766. 
2 June. 

Scotland, 



3 June. 

Churcli Bk., 

Scotland, 
17G1-S9, 
pp. 74-3. 



162. LiiiiD Justice Clerk (Thomas Miller) to Mr. [Secretary 

COXWAY.] 

Congratulates him on his appointment as Secretaiy of State for 
the Northern Department. Will endeavour to give as little trouble 
by his correspondence as the public service will permit ; and 
desires that his representations may have no greater weight in the 
royal consideration than their own importance, and the motives 
from which they proceed, shall appear to deserve. Has but one 
motive in his public conduct, — the honour and stability of His 
Majesty's Government, on which the peace and happiness of his 
country depend. — Edinburgh. 2\ jip. 

163. ^1r. Secretary Conway to the High Commissioner of 
the General Assembly. 

Acknowledging the receipt of the answer of the Assembly to 
His Majesty 's'letter. The King was pleased to declare his entire 
satisfaction in regard to it, and approbation cf his Grace's conduct 
on the occasion. — St. James's. 

A letter to similar efiect to tlie Eev. Mr. Hamilton, Moderator 
of tlie Cliureh of Scotland, 



3 June. 



164. Lords of the Admiralty to the DriCE of Eichmoxo. 
As to transports to carry the 14th Foot to N. America. 1 j^k 



3 June. 

Dom. Geo. 11 

V. 4, 

No. 3 a, b. 



3 June. 

Scotland, 
,2,"i, No.14:: 



.5 June. 



Ireland, 
. 430, No. Co 



165. L(_)RDs of Trade to the Same. 

Enclosing a representation to His Majesty, prepared hy their 
Liiiilsliijis, r.-sjHX-ting a proposed regulation of the Court of Naples 
fur I'^tiiMi.^liiiig a common search of all single-decked vessels 
entering tliat port. 

The enclosure. The search or visitation of anj' British ship or 
vessel by any of the subjects or within any of the ports of his 
Sicilian Majesty would be a direct violation of the tenth article 
of the Treaty of Mach'id made in 1GG7, which treaty is the ba.sis 
of our commerce with that nation. 3 pp. 

166. L(iRD Glasgow to Mr. [Secretary Conway]. 
Yesterday he dissolved the Assemblj' of the Church of Scotland, 

and appointed their next meeting for 21 May 17C7. They have 
given the strongest proofs of their dutiful attachment to H.M.'s 
Government, and in all their decisions showed a laudable zeal for 
tlie promoting religion and virtue, and a just attention to the 
]ieace and good order of this country. — Edinburgh. 1 p. 

167. The King's Birthday. 

" Dublin, June ."ith, 17GG. Yesterday being the anniversary of 
His ALajesty's birthday, the great guns were tired in His Majesty's 
Pai-k, the Pha?nix, and answered by volleys from the regiments in 
garrison, which were drawn out in tlie Royal Square at the 
ks. At noon there was a splendid apiiearance of the nobility 



1 

and oth 



distinction at the Castle, to compliment h 



pel. 



IIO.^IE OFFICE PAPERS, 



Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, before whom tlic followmg ode, 
set to miisick, was performed. In the evening a play was gi-s-en 
by his Excellency to the ladies ; and at the Castle the ball and 
the several entei'tainments were extremely grand, and conducted 
with the utmost regularity, and the decorations of the supper 
room particularly elegant. His Excellency, Lady Hertford, and 
the ladies and gentlemen, who were veiy numerous, were dressed 
in the manufactui-es of this kingdom ; and at night there were 
bonfires, illummations, and all other demonstrations of joy." 
Probably an extract from a netcspaper report. 1 p. 

G June. 168. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Hertford) to the Duke 
iiL-iaiui, OF Richmond. 

No. ^G2^a "to d. Encloses copies of the addi-esses of both Houses of Parliament 

to him, with his answers thereto. — DubUn Castle. 

The addresses and answers ; that of the House of Lords, and the 
answer thereto, being printed. 

7 June. 169. ] to Lord Egmont. 

i^i'"'"'w'?i.'> '^^ ^'^ *-'^'^ advisability of sending out provisions by the trans- 

jjorts taking the 14th Regiment to America, for the use of the 
regiment, which it has been left to the discretion of General Gage to 
send home, or not, as he shall see occasion. Any enc[uiry necessary 
for obtaining information, the writer is persuaded, his Lordship 
■ will think it right should be made in a private manner. — White- 
hall. A draft, marked "Private." l^ pp- 

7 June. 170. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Hertford) to the Duke 

Ireland, OF RICHMOND. 

NoVc3 a' b Transmits the address of the House of Commons to the King, 

returning their humble thanks for His Majesty's most gracious 
answer to their address relative to a Bill for limiting the duration 
of Parliaments, with his Excellency's answer thereto. — Dublin 
Castle. 

The enclosure. 2^ pp. 

7 June. 171. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, Encloses a copy of his speech to both Houses of Parliament 

No. 64 a, b c. ^^^^ ^^Y' "when he put an end to the session ; also a list of the 

Bills to which he gave the Royal assent. The Parliament i.s 

prorogued to the 10th July next. Pro[ioses to embark for England 

in a few days. 

The enclosures. 18 pp. 

7 June 172. Governor of the Isle of Man (Wood) to Mr. Secre- 

ofilan, TAUY [CoNWAY]. 

Received his letter of the 23rd ult., signifying that His Majesty 
had delivered to him the seals of the Northern Department. The 
honour and pleasure of his correspondence cannot fail giving the 
utmost satisfaction. — Castletown. 1 ^^ 

D 



V. I, No. 39. 



50 CALENDAR OF 



17G6. 

7 June. 173. Right Hon. Aethuk Earl of Axglesey and Baron of 
Pjjtitjous, Newport Pagnell in the kingdom of Great Britain, kc. 

7G5-84, p. 21. Petition for a writ of summons to the British 'Parliament as 

Earl of Anglesey and Baron of Newport Pagnell. Referred to the 
Attorney General for his opinion, 7 June. 

[His claim to the Irish titles of his father had been contested by 
John Annesley, Esq., but imsuccessfiilly]. 

" This petition, not having been reported upon before Mi-. Yorke 
resigned his office of Attorney General, was returned, and another 
petition in lieu of- it referred to William De Grey, Esq., entered 
page 43." — Margin. 

8 June. 174. The Master General of the Ordnance (Geanby) to 
o,.,iu:,iico, the Duke of Richmond. 

V. G, No. -1. jg i;ionoured with his letter desiring a state of all H.M.'s stores 

in America and the West Indies, and has given orders for its being 
immediately prepared and sent. — Knightsbridge. 1 jj. 

9 June. 175. Duke of Richjiond to the Secretary-at-War (Bar- 

w nffi RINGTON). 

War OffifP, ^ 

V. -20. Nu. 58. Communicating His Majesty's orders for the 1-ith Regiment to be 

sent to Halifax in Nova Scotia. — Whitehall. A draft. If pp. 

10 June. 176. Commodore Tho. Harrison to the Rt. Hon. H. S. Con- 

Admiraltj-, '^^'AY. 

N ^3 'a to d '^^^ ^^^" ^~^'^^ '^^' ^^^^ month anchored before Tripoli, and 

acquainted the Bashaw with the object of his visit. His reply 
conveyed strong sentiments of prevarication. Wrote in a more 
peremptory style to effect by force what words could not ac- 
complish, which produced the immediate payment of the money 
for the " Vincenzo. " Mr. Eraser departed 1 9 days before his (the 
Commodore's) arrival. Has appointed Mr. Robert Wilkie to take 
charge of the British affairs of Tripoli. Begs he may be confirmed 
in the appointment if Mr. Eraser does not return. Made the 
Bashaw sensible, in tlie presence of his whole Court, that the recall 
of Mr. Eraser did not proceed fi'om His Majesty's displeasure for 
his conduct in the afiair of the " Vincenzo." Ear from it, assured 
him that whenever His Majesty thought his dignity touched, or 
the right of his subjects infringed, he was as speedy in resentment 
as on the contrary he was calm, benevolent, and good ; and desu-ed 
that the liighest respect might be paid to the British colours ; — to 
which he assented. The first umbrage was occasioned by his (the 
Commodore's) not saluting a present of refreshments which it was 
customary at Tiipoli to send on the arrival of a man-of-war. This 
was soon set right. The other related to the Consul he had 
appointed, whoju they refused to salute, as he did not bring a present. 
In this he thought it essential to get the better of them, observing 
that he was sorry they should excuse themselves on lucrative 
motives from paying due honour to His Majesty'.s representative. 
He (the Commodore) made no doubt that what was customary 
would be given, but it rested with His Majesty. The salute was 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 51 



17C3-75, 



17CC. 

accordingly given. In his -way to the coast of Barbary paid his 
respects to the Bey of Tunis. Everything there Avas in a perfect 
• state of tranquillity. Has demanded satisfaction of the Dey for 
the insult to H.M.'s storeship " Florida," and for damages to the 
schooner bound from Boston to Lisbon, which was fired into and 
plundered. The Dey replied that he had akeady delivered the 
commission of Ahamet Benzezo Rais (the oflender) to the Consul, 
and had broken him from ever commanding another vessel, and 
would pay the damages to the proprietors of the schooner. He 
had also given command that the greatest respect should be paid 
to Engli.sh colours. Encloses the Ba.shaw of TripoU's letter to 
His Majesty, and two for his Ambassador in London, a copy of the 
commission he had given to the acting Consul at Tripoli, and a 
plan of that port. — " Centurion," Algier. 

Three enclosures, among which is a well executed plan and 
survey of the harbour of Tripoli, loh ixujcs and one sheet. 

10 June. 177. Duke of Rich.moxd to the Lords of the Treasury. 
rreas.EntryCk., Refers to them the complaint of the French Amliassador of 

certain ill-treatment sustained by a French fishing boat from one 
Joseph Anson, of Dover, commander of the Custom-house cutter 
the " Mecklenbm-gh." — Whitehall. 

11 June. 178. Master General of the Ordxax'ce (Graxby) to the 
Dom. Guo. III., Duke of Richmond. 

No.^Gs'a 1). Enclosing a letter from the principal officers of Ordnance, 

I'elative to the fortifications of Newfoimdland. He agrees with 
them in opinion, and thinks it very material that some deter- 
mination should be speedily come to, as to the repair of those for- 
tifications, which daily gi'ow more ruinous. Asks that His Majesty's 
commands might be obtained thereon. 
The enclosure. 3 ^;p. 

11 June. 179. The Lord Chancellor of Ireland, Earl of Drogheda, 
ireiaiui, and JoHN PoNSONBY, Esq., to the Duke of Richmond. 

' ' °' ■ The Lord Lieutenant embarked yesterday upon his return to 

England. The wind being fair and the weather favourable, they 
have no doubt of his having landed at Parkgate this morning. 
They therefore summoned a Council, and were sworn Lords Justices. 
— Dubhn Castle. 1 j). 

12 June. 180. Capt. Robert Hodgson to . 

Dom. Geo. IIL, Relative to his memorial for reimbursement of expenses incurred 



V. 2, No, 



for H.M.'s service. 1^ pp. 



12 June. 181. Charles Lowndes to John Christopher Roberts, Esq. 
'^''^''|- ^ Cust., The Lords of the Treasury have no objection to such orders 



T. 3, No. 16 



as are proposed by Lord Colville being sent to the Governor of 
Halifax in Nova Scotia in regard to the licences granted by him 
to the retailei-s of rum there, to the great incouvenience and 
detriment of the sea service, 1 p. 

d2 



52 CALENDAR OF 



1706. 
13 June. 182. PtiCHAKD Stonehewer to Col. Carletox. 
Crirai. Papers, Enclosing an attested copy of His Majesty's free pardon to John 

^' ^'' ^81^"' Barry, a private in the 2Sth Regiment, convicted of the murder of 
a female child in Quebec. — Whitehall. 

13 June. 183. Governor of the Isle of Max (Wood) to Mr. Secre- 

MeofMan, TARY [COXWAY.] 

V. 1, No. 40. jjg^g heen informed that the gentlemen from this Island who 

are now soliciting favours from the Lords of the Treasury have 
represented the Government here to be in a neglected and inactive 
state, the Coiu'ts of Justice shut up ; that there is a contention 
between the sovereign and " manerial " jurisdictions, and the 
separation of their particular records ; that the police of this 
country is in confusion ; and that it would be proper to continue 
the intermediate Court of Appeal between the Courts of this Isle 
and His Majesty in Coimcil. Though this camiot be meant as an 
attack upon his cobduct, yet he must set these aftairs in their true 

Ever since His Majesty honoured him with the government of 
this Island, it has been his constant endeavour to see his Royal 
Commission and instructions executed to the utmost, and 
there has not been an article of any consequence neglected or 
omitted. The several Courts of Justice, in all their departments, 
have been held in His ilajesty's name, in the same case of pro- 
cedure as formerly under the Lords Proprietors, except the courts 
of T;ynwald, general gaol delivery, and common pleas for eject- 
ments. At the first (as there were no statute laws to promulge) 
the management of the public funds would have been the only 
business, and that would chiefly serve to open a breach between 
the natives and revenue offices, who have received one public fund, 
which the natives say the Lords Proprietors did not pretend the 
least right to, or direction in, but was a tax imposed by and upon 
themselves, and vested by law in a committee for public pm-poses. 
This point, he hoped, would have been before this represented by 
the Receiver General of this Isle, and cleared up by the Lords of 
the Treasury. As there have been no felons, a court of general 
gaol delivery did not become necessary ; and with respect to the 
common pleas, the deemsters are judges, and have regularly heard 
and determined all actions at law other than ejectments, which 
being hitherto concomitant with the manorial courts, till the Duke 
of Athol holds his manor Courts, no inconvenience can accrue from 
the want of them. Moreover, there is an expense attending these 
courts, which tlie late Lords Projjrietors defi-ayed, which he repre- 
sento.l to the Duke of Grafton the 10th Dec. 1765 ; and though 
lie Imd no funds now to answer this or any other expense, j-et he 
]iropu^^eil in Council that, should they think there was an immediate 
necessity for holding a Tynwald, he would pay the charges out of 
his (jwn ]iocket, rather than the public business should be inter- 
rupted. By his letter of the 2Sth Jan. last, he also laid before 
his Grace the several branches and nature of the records of this 
Isle, and waited His Majesty's pleasure upon them without the 



HOiME OFFICE PAPERS. 53 



least contention or murmur, either from tlie Duke of Atliol or the 
people, and has lately received from the Board of Treasury the 
.Attorney General's opinion for his direction. He can assure 
Mr. Conway that the laws and government of this Isle have met 
with no interruption of any consequence, nor could he ever per- 
ceive the least confusion in any branch of the ])o]ice. 

As for the jjlan of an intermediate jurisdiction between the 
Courts of the Isle and His Majesty in Council, the prerogative of 
the Lords Proprietors heretofore required that all causes and suits 
should first pass their cognizance before an apjieal lay to His 
Majesty in Council ; but as that prerogative is now vested in the 
Crown, the jurisdiction seems therein to be likewise uu rged. a)id 
the necessity of supporting it of course to cease. Suggests the 
eligibility of transmitting, before any steps are taken, plans of this 
kind to the Governor, lest the rights and prerogatives which the 
Crown is now possessed of mav be encroached ujion. — Castletown. 

IGtlTJune. 184. Duke of Richmond to the Secretary-at-War. 

War Office, With His Majesty's orders for augmentation of the 5-tth 

Nos 59 "and 60 Regiment on the Irish establishment, and in gan-ison at Gibraltai-, 

to the number of the British establishment. — Whitehall. A draft. 

The reply thereto, dated 17 June. 1 p. 

IS June. 185. Commodore Harrison to Rt. Hon. H. S. Conway. 
Admiralty, Complaining of the conduct of Mr. Kirke, Consul at Algiers, for 

No ^9 a^b c which, had it not been more out of respect to His Majesty's com- 
mission than the person of the man invested with it, he should 
have thought it an everlasting reflection upon his honour as an 
officer and a gentleman if he had omitted chastising him for his 
opprobrious treatment. Mr. Kirke was lirought up a litigious 
limb of the law, and values himself uj)on having practised his 
talents in that hapjiy occupation with success against almost every 
man that business or occasion gave him dealings with, even 
against the best friend he has in the world, to whom (to use his 
own expression) he is indebted for the shift upon his wife's back ; 
and he has more than once foimd gi'eat pleasure in letting the 
Commodore know how much he got the better in suits at law of 
three or four ofticers who now bear high rank in H.M.'s navy. 
Gives particulars of Mr. Kirke's proceedings, and encloses a de- 
position of a female servant of the Consul's, who fled for protection 
to the " Centurion " from his house, and of the Acting Lieutenant of 
the " Centurion," giving an account of his proceedings in the 
matter. — Port Mahon. 

The enclosures. 17 }>p. and 2 halves. 

18 June. 186. Lords of Teade to the Duke of Richmond. 
Dom. Geo. III., Enclosing a representation prepared by them, upon a ix-ffrence 
No^it' b ^''°'^ ^^^^ Factory at Leghorn, concerning their right of excluding such 

candidates as shaU be engaged in partnership with foreign houses. 



54 



CALENDAR OF 



1766. 



2o June. 
Dom. Geo. III., 
pel. 78, No. 36. 



24 June. 
Dora. Geo. III., 

V. 3. 
Nos. "Oand 71. 



24 June. 

Ordnance, 

V.6, 

No. 5 a, b, c. 



The enclosure. Such power of exclusion having been heretofore 
exercised in several instances, their Lordships advise that His 
Majesty signify his approbation of the Factory's negativing the 
admission in every case where the majority of the Factory think 
such admission would be prejudicial to the interests of the king- 
dom. 3 2^p. 

187. Prince Ferdinand's Claims. 

Mem. as to letters in the German correspondence relative to 
the contribution chest : of reports relative to Prince Ferdinand's 
claims. Parts of 2 pj). 

188. Ordnance Affairs. 

Enclosures in. the Master General of the Ordnance's letter of 
24th June 1766; viz.— 

" Return of the ordnance and stores in each of the foiis and 
garrisons in His Majesty's dominions and plantations, according to 
the latest accounts transmitted to the OiSce of Ordnance ; " and 

" Report of the state of the forts and garrisons in aU His Majesty's 
dominions and plantations abroad." 12 ^jjj. 

189. The Master General of the Ordnance (Granby) to 



the Duke of Richmond. 
Encloses the following, " Report of the state of the forts and 
gaiTisons in Great Britain," and a " Return of the ordnance and 
stores in each of the respective garrisons in Great Britain." 16 
large pages and a slip of paper. 

24 June. 190. Secretary-at-War (Barrington) to Mr. Secretary 
Coxway. 
Lieut.-Col. Prevost, of the Royal American regiment of Foot, has 
made a proposal to recruit that coi-ps by raising 300 German 
Protestants, upon terms which His Majesty has approved of Begs 
to sohcit for Col. Prevost, in order to facilitate this scheme, a letter 
of introduction fi-om him, Mr. Conway, to the King's Ministers at 
the Hague and at Hamburgh, and another from Baron de Behr to 
the Regency of Hanover. — \\kv Office. 1 p. 

191. Duke of Richmond to Admiral Holburxe, or the 
Commanding Officer of H.M.'s ships at Portsmouth. 

Enclosing a packet of letters directed to the commanding officer 
of the 14th Regiment, just embarked at Southampton. If the 
transports have sailed, the packet to be returned. — Whitehall. 

192. Vice Admiral Holburne to the Duke of Richmond. 
Acknowledges the receipt of the preceding. There is no prospect 

of their sailing while the westerly winds continue. 1 p. 

28 June 193. The Duke of Richmond to the Postmaster General. 
Dom.EntryBk., (1.) Giving notice, in order that they may enjoy the customary 

'ifo-io privileges, that he has appointed Richard Stonehewer, Peter 

^^' "' IVIicliael Morin, and Jolui Christopher Roberts, Esq.s., imder secre- 



War Office, 
pel. 24, No. 3, 



26 June. 

ora. EntnBk., 



28 Juno 

Admiraltv, 
:1. 155, No". IE 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 55 



17G6. 

taries in his office ; also (2) tliat, in pursuance of the Act, he has 
licensed Messrs. Geo. Brown, Willni. Duck, Jer. Sucyd, Chas, 
Brietzcke, Jno. Hajaies, Wm. Pollock, Jas. Jno. Fenoulhet, Chas. 
Collins, and Jno. Morin, to frank votes, proceedings in Parliament, 
and printed newsj^apers, sent by the post, without covers or open 
at the sides; and (3) has authorized Mi\ Geo. Brown and 
Mr. Wm. Pollock in his office to subscribe his Grace's name with 
an indorsement, according to the specimens transmitted, upon each 
letter or packet which shall concern the public business of the 
office, signifying that they are on H.M.'s service, and signed with 
the Duke's seal, in order that they may pass dutv-fi'cc. — White- 
hall. Three letters. 

30 June. 194. Henry Potts, Secretary to the Post Office, to R. Stoxk- 

Dom. Geo. III., HEWER, Esq. 

No.V2^a b. Enclosing intelligence just received from the Deputy Postmaster 

General at Charlesto^\^l, South Carolina, for the information of 
the Duke of Richmond. 

The intelligence, consisting of queries tliat were put to several 
masters of vessels, and a gentleman lately arrived at Charlestown 
from the Havannah. Answered chiefly by the lattei-. They 
relate to the insin-rection in the kingdom of Quito, in Mexico, 
which arose on the 1st of March iTOo, and was not then sup- 
pressed, occasioned by an order from the Court of Spain to enforce 
a resolution for laying an additional tax on all estates there, ttc, 
and as to the fortification, condition, i^-c. of Havannah. 1 small 
and 3^ closely tmtteii large pages. 

30 June. 195. Duke of Richmond to the Field Officer in waiting. 
Dom. Entry Bk., file papers are removed which made it peculiai-Iy necessary to 

T.J4, p. ii.>. pifipg f^ sentinel at his Grace's office; but, at the same time, he 
thinks it proper that one should be continued for a constancy, as 
is done in the other Secretary of State's office in Clevland Row. 
"\Vislii?s to know whether orders can be given for that purpose 
without any further application, or whether it is necessary to 
mention it to the King. — Whitehall. 

30 June. 196. Grey Cooper to William Burke, Esq., at ]\Ir. Secre- 

IslcofMan, TARY CoNWAY's OFFICE. 

Ni.s. 7i ind 42 '^^^ Lords of the Treasury direct that the Governor of the Isle 

of Man may be allowed the expense of the entertainment of tlio 
two circuit courts, and also of the Tynwald court, if any such shall 
be heldl; but my Lords do not think it necessary to give any 
directions to the Governor with respect to the other necessary or 
contingent expenses mentioned in his letter, till it shall appear 
whether the fees and perquisites destined for, and applied to, such 
services, in the time of the Lords Proprietors, are found sufficient. 

My Lords have also du-ected Mr. Lutwidge, Receiver General 
of the Isle of Man, to allow Governor Wood the exjienses incurred 
by setting up the King's arms, and in providing the vessels for trans- 
porting the drafts of troops to Scotland. — Treasury Cliambers. 

Two separate letters. 2 pp. 



56 CALENDAR OF 



17CG. 
30 June. 197. Tlie Same to Richakd Stoneiiewer, Esq. 
Trca-^. S: Cast., Eiiclo.ses copie.s of papers relating to the complaints of Mons. 

J. "'■ Guerchy of the ill-treatment of the master of a French fishing boat 

of Boulogne, in the Channel. 

The enclosures ;— being a letter from Mr. Freemantle at the 
Custom House, and a report of the Collector and Comptroller ot 
Dover, in regard to the aftau' ; and an affidavit of the marines in the 
boat belonging to the Mecklenburgh cutter sent therewith, alleging 
that the accidents which the French fishing boat met with were 
entirely owing to the misbehaviour and misconduct of the master 
of the French boat. 7i p}). 

1 July. 198. Lords of the Admiralty to the Duke of Richmond. 
Admiraltj-, Sending a copy of a letter from Capt. Carkett, of H.M.S. 
N^'ii^a'' b " A-ctive," dated 1st April last, at Pensacola, giving an account that 

Don Antonio d'Ulloa, with Mons. Yillemont, second in command, 
and 90 soldiers, in a Spanish fi-igate and a bi-ig, amved at New 
Orleans the beginning of March, and had taken possession of 
Louisiana. 

The enclosure, and the cover of the letter, with several endorse- 
ments. 2 jip. 

2 July. 199. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Attorney General. 

Law Officers Application having been made to the King that the Justice 

i76'i°-*95 ^'^92 Clerk of Scotland, who has hitherto had no assigned rank in the 
Court of Session in Scotland, may for the future be allowed to take 
rank in the said Court after the President, esce]:)t when the Courts 
of Session and Exchequer shall sit together, and then to take rank 
after the Chief Baron of the Exchequer ; — and the substance of the 
enclosure having been proposed -as an instrument for His Majesty 
to sign on the occasion ; — desiring him to report his opinion 
thereon. — St. James's. 

The enclosure is also entered. 

2 July. 200. The Same to the Same. 
Law Officers The aljove having been referred to him, Mr. Conway conceives 

,-^|'"_*,',\. /g,, that it will not be disagreeable to him to know what has been 
done already in the affair, and how it comes now to be a question. 
This officer, wdro presides in the chief Criminal Court in Scotland, 
and sits also in the Court of Session, used only to take place accord- 
ing to his own seniority ; the impropriety of which seemed so 
strong that the Court of Session, by an act of their own, decreed 
him to rake place for the future immediately after the Lord 
President. But as the Courts of Session and Exchequer sometimes 
sit together, and as the Barons of the Exchequer have taken no 
step towards giving the like precedence, the Duke of " Queens- 
borough " strongly pressing the propriety of the measure, applies 
to the Crown to establish the rank of the Justice Clerk, which His 
Majesty is inclined to do, if it is not contrary to law. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



57 



17GG. 
3 July. 

Admiralty, 



3 July. 

Admiralty- 

pel. 1.5.J, 

No. 16 a,t 



3 July. 



4 July. 



201. Lord Egmont to the Duke of Eichmoxd. 

Sunding an extract from a letter from Captain Corner, of H.M.S. 
" Coventry." 

The enclosure. It contains inteligence that the Governor of 
the Spani.sh part of St. Domingo came about six weeks before to 
Cape Fran9ois, and, Ijy particular order from the French Court, 
was treated with the honours duo to a Marshal of France ; that, in 
company with the Count d'Estaing, he visited all the French sea- 
ports, and staid some days at St. Nicholas Mole, ^^■hich they were 
fortifying, and where they were building casernes for 4,000 men, 
who were to be supported at the joint expense of the two Crowns, 
to be held in readiness for a future war. 2 pp- 

202. Lords of the Admir.vlty to the Same. 

Relative to a demand of the French Ambassador for justice for 
an outrage by the crew of an English vessel near Calais. They 
enclose a copy of a letter from Captain Webster, of the " Hazard," 
one of the two vessels stationed on that pai't of the coast. He 
denies the charge, but says that his master's mate, being in a cutter 
on the 18th of May off Calais, spoke with the Custom-house cutter 
of Dover, whose master told him " he had drove in a lug sail boat 
about a mile to the westward of Calais pier, but was prevented 
carrying her off by the timely assistance of soldiers who kept 
firing musket shot at them." 

The enclosure. 3^ pj). 

203. Samuel Garbett to Mr. Secretary Conway. 

Refers him to the enclosed narative of what relates to Thos. 
Lewis, who is now in prison at Edinburgh ; and Mr. Garbett fears 
he will be set at liberty upon his hndiiii;- bcnidsmen for 1.5/. sterlino- • 
that he will return to their servicr in tlii- plae- until the expii-ation 
of his apprenticeship; and that if ln' .slmulil obtain his liberty 
without giving sufficient security not to leave the kino-dom, he 
will. soon go to Gottenburgh. He can be legally detained until he 
finds such security. 

He (Mr. Garbett) is now ajiplied to not to oppose Lewis's release 
and he is expected to behave in it as though the offence was 
against them and their interest only. His reply hath been that 
he considers it as an offence against the State, and that an example 
shoidd be made of Lewis to intimidate others. This is said to be 
crael. Is therefore in the disagreeable situation of declaring he 
will no way act further in it, but leave the man to the law and his 
superiors. — CarTon, near Edinburgh. 2 j^p. 

204. Mr. Secretary Coxway to Governor Wood. 

Has received his letters of the 17th and 13th {last, but cannot 
at present give any instructions on the subject of the last of them. 
However, would not omit sending copies of two letters received at 
his office in answer to some points contained in his Excellency's 
former correspondence. — St. .lamcs's. 



CALENDAR OF 



176C. 

6 July. 205. Chaxcellor of the Exchequer (W. Dowdeswell) to 

Doni. Geo. III., the DUKE OF RICHMOND. 

V. 2, No. 23. Desiring him to order a copy of the an-ets of the King of 

France, establishing several duties in Canada, to be sent to 
Ml'. Lowndes for the information of the Lords of the Treasury. 1 ^j. 

7 July. 206. Duke of Richmond to the Lokd.s of the Treasury. 
Treas.EntryBk., Sends, in order that enquiries may be made, a copy of a letter 

^^^ffis^' from the French Ambassador demanding justice for an outrage 
^' ' alleged to have been committed by the crew of an English vessel 

in the neighbourhood of Calais. See the Lords of the Admiralty's 

letter of 37x1 of this month, above. 

10 July. 207. Lords of the Admiralty to the Duke of Richmond. 

Atiniiraity, Sending an extract from a letter from Rear-Admiral Tyrrel, 

rci._i55. Commander of H.M.'s ships at Barbadoes and the Leeward Islands, 

^ ■ ' ' ' dated on board the " Princess Louisa " in English harbour, Antigua, 
the 10th May 17G6, representing that two frigates belonging to 
the French King had been lately at Antigua, and at all His 
Majesty's islands in those parts, where they had been veiy bu.sy in 
soimding and making observations. 

The enclosui-e. The fiigates arrived just about the time when 
the uproar occasioned by the importation of stamped paper was at 
its height. 8 2^p- 

10 July 208. The Same to the Same. 

Admiralty, Enclosijig another extract from Admiral Tyrrel's lettei-, repre- 

pci.^i.5s, senting that the French seem to pay great attention to the settling 

the islands of Cayenne and the Triangles, and in his opinion have 
something more in view than the profits that can arise from the 
produce of such settlements to their mother country ; and that in 
case they should once be able to collect a force there superior to 
the English in those parts, they would have it in their power, 
whenever they thought fit, either to take or destroy the island of 
Barbadoes and all the Leeward Islands. Their Lordships send 
also copies of one to Admiral Tyi-rel from Captain Knowler, whom 
he had sent to Cayenne to make observations, and of the enclosure, 
Ijeing a memorandum and two letters which passed between 
Captain Knowler and the Lieut.-Governor of Cayenne. 

The enclosures. Admiral Tyrrel says further, liy Captain 
Knowler's letter their Lordships will find that the French are once 
more disappomted in their attempts to establish settlements about 
Cayenne, from the gi-eat mortality that happened among the people 
that came out " to settle them colonies ;" for, out of 14,000, 10,000 
died ; notwithstanding which they seem to persevere in their 
resolution to settle them. Captain Knowler says, in addition, that 
there were not above 50 officers at Cayenne and 100 soldiers, and 
they had about 44 guns mounted ; the number of inhabitants did 
not exceed 500, and many of them came to the Commandant for 
leave to return to France, and he gave some of them leave; indeed 
they were all tired of it. Was informed that more settlers and 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



59 



10 July. 
Admiralty, 

pel. 155, 
No. 19 a, b. 



10 July. 
Dom. Entrjl!k., 
V. 24, p. 11.3. 



12 July. 

Admiralty, 
pel. 155, No. 20. 



13 July. 

War Office, 

pel. 24, No. 4. 



16 July. 

A Draft in 
Treas. & Cust., 

V. .3, No. IS. 

Entered in 
Treas.EntryBk., 
1763-7-5, p. 174. 



troops were coming. The French from Cayenne or any part of the 
province of Guiana would be unable to disturb any of our Islands 
for several years to come. 17^ 2^P- 

209. The Same to the Same. 

Enclosing a third extract from Admiral TpTel's letter in answer 
to a complaint from the Spanish Ambassador of some ill treat- 
ment the master and crew of a Spanish vessel named the 
" St. Stephen " received from Captain Smallwood, commanding one 
of H.M.'s frigates, so long back as January 17C3, near the Island 
of St. Domingo. He has made all enquiry possible, but cannot 
find that any person in those parts is acquainted with either the 
name of the ship or captain mentioned in the complaint. 

The enclosure, and two covers of the letters, with several endorse- 
ments. 2 2^P- and 2 halves. 

210. Duke of Richmond to the Lords of Trade. 

Draft of commission and instructions to be prepared for the 
King's approbation for William Campbell, Esq., commonly called 
Lord William Campbell, whom His Majesty has appointed Governor 
of Nova Scotia vice Montague Wilmot, Esq., deceased. — Whitehall. 

211. Lords of the Admiralty to the Eight Hon. H. S. 

CONWAV. 

Relative to a complaint from the Danish Secretary against 
Capt. Grant, commanding one of H.M.'s frigates, for having acted 
with violence against a Danish armed bark near the Lsland of 
St. Croix. Having learnt from Admiral Tyrrell the circumstances 
of the case, their Lordships have sent directions to Vice-Admiral 
Pye, the present Commander of H.M.'s sliips in those parts, to 
signify to Capt. Grant their displeasure with his proceedings. 
2 j>p. 

212. Dr. Jean Uki to [Mr. J. C. Roberts ?] 

Has had little trouble in translating the Turkish letters sent 
him by order of the Duke of Richmond. The longer one has its 
English translation attached. The other, excepting the titles and 
benedictions, contains no more than the following : " Before this 
letter was written, one of our ships of war met upon the sea one 
of your Majesty's merchant .ships, and demanded the customary 
passport, which the merchant ship had not got, and which, since 
it had only bills of health (patentes), was carried into our port. 
But, as a mark of consideration to your Majesty, it was afterwards 
released to Consul Robert Kirke." — Oxford. (French.) 1 ^ x>p. 

213. Duke of Richmond to the Lords of the Treasury. 
The King has commanded Robert Kirke, Esq., H.M.'s Consul at 

Algiers, to ix-turn home to give an account of his conduct, and has 
appointed John Le Gros, Esq., to manage the consulate till his 
further pleasure with regard to the former be made known, with 
the usual salary of 600?. per annum, and customary allowances for 
cxtraordinaries. ^l PP- 



60 CALENDAR OF 



17GG. 

17 Jiilv. 214. Instructions for Comjioboee Richard Spry. 
Adniiralty, Tliey relate chiefly to the negotiations to be entered into with 

pel. 15G, ^]^^ Emperor of Morocco, in conseciuence of complaints from Major 

*"'^' ■'' ''' ■ Genl. Irwin, Lieut.-Governor of Gibraltar, andJoseph Popham, Esq., 
Consul at Tetuan, of some unfriendly proceedings on the part of 
the Emperor, more especiall}^ in regard to his treatment of the 
Consul, and to certain new regulations established in his ports 
]irejudicial to the commerce carried on betwixt that state and 
Gibraltar. He was also to enquire as to the conduct of the 
Emperor towards Capt. Hall and his crew, who were in the hands 
of the Aj-abs. If he failed to establish satisfactory arrangements 
with the Emperor in respect to provisions for Gibraltar, he was to 
negotiate with the Dey. 

The King's letters to the Emperor of Morocco and (two) to the 
Dey of Algiers, to be delivered lay Commodore Spry. 29 ^jp. 

IS Julv. 215. Lords of the Admiralty to the Duke of RicroioND. 
Admiralty, Sending copies of a letter from Commodore Harrison, dated the 

pel. 153, jQ^].^ Qf jg^g^ month at Algiers, to [Mr. Stephens], giving an account 

No. 21 a to . Qf i-i^g success of his negotiations with the Bashaw of Tripoh and 

Dey of Algiers, and of the correspondence with the Bashaw, 

enclosed therein. 

The enclosures referred to, giving exactly the same information 

as is contained in a letter from the Commodore to Mr. Secretary 

Conway of 10 June, which is fully abstracted, and will be found 

under that date. {See No. 176.) IG jyjx 

18 July. 216. Duke of Richmond to Commodore Harrison. 
Admiralty, Sif^'nifyiug the King's approbation of his conduct towards the 

r. 156, No. 4. -gg "^^ Tripoli, and of his remonstrances made to the Dey of Algiers. 
His Majesty saw with concern the representation against Mr. Kirke, 
the Consul at Algiers, and in consequence thereof has directed his 
return home to give an accomit of his conduct. In the meantime 
His Majesty has observed in his letter to the Dey, with which 
Commodore Spry is charged, that as the tenth article of the treaty 
renewed in 17G2 gives the right he. Commodore Harrison, con- 
tended for, without restriction or limitation, the King will expect 
that and every other article of the said treaty to be strictly 
observed ; and that, with regard to the claim set up by Mr. Kii-ke, 
no captain of any of H.M.'s ships, much less the commanding 
oflicer of his fleet in the Mediterranean, can acknowledge a superior 
authority in his Consul, or be obliged to apply through him for 
anything they might be entitled to by treaty. A draft. SJ jj^i. 

20 Julv. 217. Alistract of letters which passed relative to the ship 
\dn,;riltv '■ Sautissiina Trinidad," and the ransom of Manilla, from Aug. 20, 
tu'.-X'No.V^a. ]7(i.-,, to July 20, 17GG. ^h pp. dosebj u-r'dtcn. 

'^•^ Julv- 218. A yiapcr docquetted "State of our claim to the Juilge Dele- 
"vdiiirait- !4^t^' at Naples," 1 eing notes or abstracts of treaties and corre- 
:'U55,lSo.22b. spuudcnce on this subject. 3 pp. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 61 



1766. 

22 Jul}-. 219. William Burke to the Advocatp: General (]y[ARRii>TT). 

Dom. Entry 15k., The treaty of marriage was .signed "yesterday was sevennight," 

V. 23, p. .306. 1^^^^ ^.|^g contract is not yet signed, nor indeed drawn, as that must 

1)0 done by him (Dr. Marriott) and the Attorney General, as well 

as some other things to be notified to them. — St. James's. 

22 July. 220. The Same to the Lord Advocate. 

Scotch Warrts., He will See by the Order in Council which accompanies the new 

i,uj-,4, p. 5(. cachet for Scotland that the mistake in regard to that seal has 

been rectified. Desires him to return the WTong seal, as it must be 

sent back to the Council Office to bo defaced, ami returned to the 

King's engraver of seals. — St. James's. 

23 July. 221. Capture by Algerixes. 

Admiraliy, Abstract of letters running over tlio period from 10th February 

pel. loj.Xo.jic. ^^ j.jjg 2:3rcl July 1766, relative to the complaint of a Spanish sluj) 

taken and carried into Gibraltar by an Algerine cruiser. [In one 

of Major Genl. Irwin's letters it is stated that the Algerines were 

" our strictest friends amongst tlie Moors."] 3;^ closely uritten pp. 

23 July. 222. Mr. Secretary Coxway to the Lord Advocate of 
Scotch Scotland. 

*^n''6.3-9r'" '1''^'^ ^"'^'^' 0*' Grafton's letter of Oct. 17, 176-), has, he is per- 

p. 19;' suaded, sufficiently fixed his Lord.ship's attention to the enforcing 
and of the laws for prevention of our manufacturers from benefiting 

foreign parts by their art and skill. Yet he is so strongly pressed 
by a very considerable manufacturer upon the inconvenience our 
manufacturers suffer from the ill-judged lenity that is shown to 
those who are guilty of these practices, that he troubles his Lord- 
ship again upon this head. 

Understands that there is one Lewis now confined at Edmburgh, 
who is convicted of an intention of going abroad to forward foreign 
ironworks, and who may probably soon find the means, by obtain- 
ing his liberty by giving bail of 15?., to return to his master (for 
he is but an apprentice), and to stay with him till his term is 
expired. MJr. Conway does not take upon him to decide how the 
law stands, much less does he wish to be understood that his Lord- 
ship could take any step, even for a good purpose, which was not 
strictly conformable to law ; but is informed that it will be of 
great hurt and detriment, if the laws for detaining our manufac- 
tures at home are not very strictly put into execution. For 
example as well as punishment, the principal gentlemen in the 
trade wish that Lewis's bail might not be confined to lol., but 
might be of such weight as to ensure the end it is to be given for, 
and that it might extend to his not leaving the kingdom. 

He cannot take it upon him to say how far these points are 
conformable to law. 

23 Jul}-. 223. ILiJiQUESs of Rockixgham to Richard Stoxehewer, Esq. 

Treas. & Cust., Asking for information as to what has been done respecting the 

T. 3, 0. 19. appointment of Mi-. Martin Howard to be Chief Justice of the pio- 



Scotch War 
1705-74, p. 5 



CALENDAR OF 



vince of North Carolina ; which affair he, Lord Rockingham, wishes 
may be completed as soon as possible. — Grosvenor Square. 1 jj. 

2-t Jul}-. 224. Lords of the Admiralty to the Duke of Eichmond. 
A(imii:iity, Enclosing an extract from a letter from Vice- Admiral Pye, dated 

No'^''3 i^'b l-ith May from Madeira, giving an account of four French ships of 

war having appeared off that Island [some of which are conjectured 

to have troops on board]. 
The enclosure. 2:^^ pp. 

24 & 25 July. 225. Duke of Richmond to Commodore Spry. 
Admiralty, Enclosmg a letter for Commodore Harrison, and a copy of the 

Nos 10 1 1 same for his own information ; also a letter to Mr. Wilkie to 
acquaint him that His Majesty has confii-med Mr. Harrison's 
appointment of him to manage the business of H.M.'s consulate at 
Tripoli, till the King's further pleasure is known ; and another for 
Mr. Forbes, whom Mr. Fraser had appointed to execute the same 
employment, to inform him that, for the above reason, the King 
■will not have occasion for his service at that place ; and directing 
him to sail at the first opportimity after the presents for the 
Emperor of Morocco and the Dey of Algiers shall arrive. — Dated 
24th July, A\Tiitehall. 

Commodore Spry's acknowledgment of the same. — Dated 2-')th 
July, fi-om "Jersey at Spithead." 4 pp. 

25 July. 226. The Same to the Attorney General. 
Law Reports, Would be obliged for his opinion whether there is any founda- 

No't^a^bc tion for the assertion contained in the enclosed letter and note 
from Mr. Timothy Brecknock, that the King cannot receive and 
entertain at his court an Infidel Ambassador consistently with the 
law of the land, and that such Ambassador is not entitled to the 
privileges and immunities which the Ambassadors from Christian 
princes and states are understood to enjoy. A draft. 

The enclosures. Mr. Brecknock attended Mr. Kennet, the 
sheriff of Middlesex, and demanded a warrant to arrest and hold 
to bail "the Tripoline Infidel, Hamed Aga;" which, under the 
advice of Mr. Grig, the Under-sheriff, was refused. Mr. Brecknock 
refers his Grace to " Viner's Abridgment, under the head ' Infidel,' 
p. 407." He says it is also evident that the law of nations does 
not justify the reception of an Infidel Ambassador, nor does a Pagan 
one come within the description of the 7th Anne, cap. 1 2. ; for, to 
be entitled to the privileges, kc. specified in that Act, the Ambas- 
sador must come from a Sovereign Prince who is not only a friend 
but a good friend of Great Britain, which cannot be in the present 
case, since our laws hold all Infidels not only to be hiimici, but 
■perpetid inimici ; and for this reason Mr. Serjeant Hawkins, in his 
Pleas of the Crown, p. 434, says it seems to be a good exception 
to a witness that he is an Infidel. If some few of the Christian 
powers have of late years received Ambassadors from the Infidel 
states, such procedure doubtless is an innovation upon the law of 
nations, the law of Moses, the law of Christ, and (in Great Britain) 
the law of the land. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



In the note Mr. Brecknock threatens to print the state of his 
case in the public papers if the determination in respect to his 
demand be not obtained and notitied to him before Thursday 
1 evening ; and if he cannot find redress by tliese mild applications, 

he will most assuredly carry his complaint before 25 barons of this 
realm, who in such case will be imder a necessity of compelling the 
King to render an injured subject immediate justice, agreeable to 
the express tenets of our Magna Charta. — Dated respectively the 
Stli and 1 5th July. . 5 -pi^- 

2G July. 227. Cojdeodoee Spry to the Duke of [Riciijioxd]. 

Admiralty, The presents for the Emperor of Morocco and Dey of Alo-iers 

V. 1jG,>;o. 12. have arrived and been embarked. Mr. Le Gros has also come 

down. Will sail with the fii'st favourable wind. — Portsmouth. I p. 

28 July. 228. The Same to the Same. 

Admiralty, Mr. Le Gros, whom His Majesty has appointed Consul to Algiers 

V. loG, No. 13. jj^ ^j^g absence of Mr. Kirk, is in a state of delirium. He has been 
visited by Mr. Cuthbert, an eminent physician of the place, who 
has learnt that Mr. Le Gros was, about seven months back, in a 
melancholy way for some time. Dr. Cuthbert thinks it by no 
means prudent for him to go to sea. He is now sitting up in his 
bed, with his sword and a brace of pistols by his side, calling fur 
a clergyman to give him the sacrament that he may die contented. 
— Portsmouth. 2| 2U^- 

28 July. 229. Hamed Aga, Tripoliue Ambassador, to the Sajie. 
Dom. Goo. III., Desiring that his protection accorded to Aima Eliza Forrest in 
quality of his housekeeper may be registered in his Grace's office 
and in that of the slierift's of London and Middlesex, as he hopes 
thereby to get that rascal Brecknock punished, who has been the 
cause of all the trouble. — Soho Square. 1 -p. 

The reply. The Duke of Richmond thinks it would not be 
right for the Tripoline Ambassador to give his protection to the 
person mentioned, as it might have the appearance of a considera- 
tion for mducing her to turn evidence against Mr. Brecknock. 
However, endeavours will be used to accom2)lish this by some 
means less liable to exception. 

28 July. 230. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Earl of Winchelsea. 
Dom. EntryRk., Desiring him to attend His Majesty on Wednesday mornino- at 
V. 23, pp.300-/, gj.^ James's between twelve and one o'clock. — St. James's. 
A like letter sent to Mr. Dowdeswell. 

A letter to the same effect to the following, with the addition 
that their attendance was required for the purpose of kissinrf His 
Majesty's hand on their appointment; viz., 

Lord Viscount Howe, as Treasurer of the Navy. 
Mr. Stanley, „ Ambassador to Russia. 

Mr. James Grenville, „ Joint Vice-Treasurer of Ireland. 
Mr. Charles Townshend, „ Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Lord Camden, „ Lord High Chancellor. 

Eaii of Nortliington, „ Lord President of His Majesty's 
Council. 



Nos.23 and 26. 



64 CALExVDAR OF 



17G(!. 


29 July. 


Admiraltv. 


v.lSO, No. !■ 


29 July. 


Dom.Geo. 11 



231. Dike of Eiciimond to Commodore Spry. 
To inform him tliat the King will appoint another per.son to 

execute the employment Mr. Le Gros was intended for, who will 
Le ready in two or three day.s. — Whitehall. A draft. 1 2'- 

232. Lords of Ti;ade to the Duke of Richmond. 
Enclo.sing extracts from a letter from Charles O'Hara, Esq., 

No 74 .'\'t(i e H.M.'s Governor of Senegamhia, on the coast of Africa, giving an 
account of the proceedings of the French in re-establishing the 
settlements they formerly possessed at Albreda, Portudal, and 
Joual, on the coast of Africa, and in forming a new establishment 
on that continent in the neighbourhood of Goree ; and represent- 
ing the weak and defenceless state of the fort on the island of 
St. Lewi-s. 

Also an extract of a letter from Governor O'Hara to the Governor 
of Goree, relative to the new settlement at Bain upon the con- 
tinent over against Goree, and the reply. (French.) 13 jjjj. and 
2 halves. 

29 July. 233. Dtke of Richjioxd to George Selwyn, Esq. 
Post Office, According to Lady Townshend's desire signified in his letter, his 

V. G, No. , . (jiace has written to H.M.'s Postmaster General, authorising the 
opening of such letter or letters as described. A draft, i p. 

29 July. 234. The Same to the Lords of the Treasury. 
Treas.Entryn_k., ^^ly Le Gros, wlio was appointed to manage the consulate at 
17G3-7J, p. 1,0. ^]g.jgj.i. j^ tijg absence of Mr. Kirke, having met with a misfortune 

which makes it impossible for him to execute that employment, 
the King has .substituted James Sampson, Esq., who is to have 
the usual allowances. In consideration of the expenses of his 
outset, Mr. Le Gros is, however, to be allowed the fii'st three 
months' pay which their Lordships will have advanced to him. — 
Whitehall. 

30 July. 235. Duke of Richmond to Commodore Spry. 
Admiralty, ^ The King has substituted Mr. Sampson for Mr. Le Gros, whose 

friends have been informed of his condition. A draft. 2^ pj). 



V. 1.56, No. 1.5. 



30 July. 236. Lord Barrixgton to the Duke of Richmond. 
Dom.tieo. III., Enclosing a copy of a letter from Major Farmer, of the 34th 

V. a. No. 7.) a, I). -[} _ ,• , ,, 

Regiuieiit. 

Major Farmer's letter, I'elating to some Missouri Indians whom 
lie found means to get into the fort, and who, after receiving 
jiresents and a " peace belt " to take with them to show to the 
different nations in that part of the country, went away very 
well pleased. 2 pi'- 

[About 1] 237. The Earl of Shelburne to the Hon. Ma,ior Gen. Gage. 
-'^"S- Ciieuhu' on his receiving the seals of the Southern Dei)art- 

Com.-iu-chicf, mcilt. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS, 65 



1766. 

1 Aug. 238. Circular from Mr. Secretary Coxway to all the 

Circular Bk., MINISTERS, &C. OF THE NORTHERN DEPARTMENT. 

^ 'P- • Annoiinciug the changes in His Majesty's Administration. 

As it is natural that a new aiTangement of the Ministry should 
attract the attention of foreign Courts, in order to obviate the 
efiect of any alarm which weak or designing men may endeavour 
to raise on the occasion, directs them to give to the respective 
Courts where they reside the strongest assurances that these 
internal mo\'ements will produce no alteration whatsoever in His 
Majesty's disposition to cultivate the good understanding now- 
subsisting with his allies, to preserve treaties, and to maintain the 
genei-al system of tranquillity in Europe. 

1 Aug. 239. .Sei'retary-at-W.vr (Barringtox) to Mr. Secretary 

nom. Geo. TIL, C< jNWAY. 

■ ' "" '''' ' " Sending an extract from a letter of Lieut. Col. Eyre Massey, of 
the Inniskillen Foot, commanding officer at Montreal. 

The extract, relating to a suspicion entertained by His Majesty, 
that military men were concerned in the horrid attemjit on 
Mr. Walker, merchant of this city, the 10th of Dec. 1705. Neither 
officer nor soldier of H.M.'s " Enniskilling " Regiment of Foot was in 
the least concerned. 2 p^). 

1 Aug. 240. Earl of Shelburne to the Postmaster General. 
Dom.EntryBk., Giving notice, in order that they may enjoy the usual privileges, 

^■' ' ''■ "■■ of his having appointed Richard Sutton, Peter ilichael Morin, and 
John Christopher Roberts, Esqs., Under Secretaries in his office. — 
Whitehall. 

2 Aug. 241. Commodore Spry to the Earl of Shelburne. 
^'J""^;^''-^ ' ^i"- Sampson has arrived. They are now getting under sail for 
' '' ' ■ ■ the Mediterranean. — " Jersey " at Spithead. 1 }). 

4 Aug. 242. Lords of the Admiralty to the S.vme. 
AilmiKiliy,^ Relative to a complaint of Mous. Durand, the French Minister 

pc . jj.io. - . jj^ England, that a fishing vessel belonging to Calais had been 
boarded and robbed by the crew of a boat supposed to be English. 
Capt. Roche, of H.M.'s sloop " Cruiser," stationed on that part of 
the coast, has made enquiries, but has not yet been able to 
discover either the crew of the boat, or the vessel to which she 
lielonged. 1 p. 

9 Aug. 243. Earl of Shelburne to Major Gen. Burton. 

Com.-iu-cliief, Relative to the speech made to liim, upon liis departure from 

V. 1, p. K Montreal, by the chiefs and warriors of tlir (litHi-ent Indian tribes 

within his district, desiring him to repirstiit their behaviour while 

under his government, to His Majesty, and to solicit for them his 

royal protection. It is the King's pleasure that he should in 

return inform the several nations of the Sault, St. Lewis, and 

Lake of the Two Mountains, Nej.isingues, Algontieus, Abenakis 

F723. E 



66 CALENDAR OF 



Hurons, ami Nontagues, in His Majesty's name, that theii" beha- 
viour has met with his entire approbation, and that they may 
assure themselves of his regard and protection. — Whitehall. 

11 Auo-. 244. Robert Webber, a convict in Maidstone Gaol, to the Earl 
Dom. Geo. in., OF Shelburne, " in Hill Street, Berkley Sq., London." 

pel. 78, No. 43. Enclosing a petition, [which is not now with the letter,] to be 

presented to His Majesty. Was sentenced to death at Maidstone 
for a robbery committed on board H.M.S. " Medway," but reprieved 
by the judge, which he did not ask for nor desire. Hopes the 
laws won't be broken by transporting him, death being all he 
requii-es. If his request is granted he promises to discover some- 
thing that will be of very great service to H.M.'s subjects. 1 p. 

14 Aug. 245. Mr. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to 

Isle of Man, Mr. SECRETARY [CoNWAY]. 

\.i,No. 4.3. jjg^g received his letter of the 4th idt., accompanied by 

Mr. Cooper's letters relative to the allowance of expenses by the 
Lords of the Treasury. Hopes he wiU be pardoned taking this 
opportunity of representing the disagi-eeable position he has been 
in for some time past. Here has he been without salary or any 
fimd to answer the contingent expenses of the government of the 
Isle since the 17th day of May 1765 ; and though the superior 
magistrates and officers I'cst satisfied with the assurances in His 
Majesty's proclamatinii, yet tlie inferior officers and constables, who 
were paid quarteily \<y tin/ Lords Proprietors, though importunate 
at first, were pad lied liy his jiromises, but many are now really 
indigent. And though, by his letter of the 10th Dec, he requested 
the Duke of Grafton to du-ect from whence their pay was to be 
drawn, as they expected to be paid ofl' upon their discharge, he 
has not yet been able to relieve those that are to be continued, nor 
to discharge those that are to be reduced. As to the funds arising 
from the fines and perquisites of the courts, it is well if they 
answer for providing fire, candle, and other necessaries for the 
court-rooms and record repositories. But these fines and per- 
quisites are matters of record, and therefore can be accounted for 
w\i\\ the greatest certainty in such manner as shall be directed. 
Tliev Avere hitherto levied together with the Lords' quit-rents by 
the Moars, whom, being in most i-espects manerial officers, he also 
recommended to be in no ]3articular employed by the Crown ; but 
that the coroners should be discharged from executing any duty 
which appertained to the manerial, and confined to the business of 
the Crown only, and have an amiual allowance in lieu of the 
territorial privileges and emoluments which they received from the 
Lords Proprietors. But till some measures of this kind are taken, 
should there be a Debet Court, it -svill remain a doubt which are 
the proper officers to collect these fines, &c. He also informed the 
Duke, in January last, of his having taken possession, in behalf of 
the Crown, of the houses, &c. which he and all preceding Governors 
under the lato Lords Proprietors enjoyed. These houses were 
ueulected since the death of tlie late Duke of Athol ; and though 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 67 



the present Duke claims them under the reservations of the Act of 
ParUament, yet, as he, Mr. Wood, retains possession, he cannot 
allow him to repair or exercise any right therein ; and these old 
fabrics, without proper reparation, will not be habitable next 
winter. As to the charges necessarily incurred in public enter- 
tainments, upon his taking possession of the Isle in behalf of the 
Crown, and also upon His Majesty's birthdays and like occasions, 
which the Lords Proprietors provided in Castle Rushen, these he 
had in his own house, and at his own expense, and will submit 
entirely to Mr. Conway's consideration. But really it will be 
extremely expedient that the other exigencies of government, and 
proper directions as to other matters, should be adjusted. If he 
might be allowed, he would propose that a sum of money be 
api^ropriated, and an agent appointed in London, to answer the 
several exigencies of this little State. — Castletown. G pp. 

1.5 Aug. 246. J. C. Roberts to Me. Webber. 
Cnmi. Papers, jjjg Majesty can pay no regard to his application, and has 

^' ' ^' ■ confu-med the sentence last passed upon him. — Whitehall. 
Sent under cover to the keeper of Maidstone Gaol. 

1.5 Aug. 247. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Earl of Bessborough 

Dom.EntryBk., and LoRD Grantham, H.M.'s " Postmaster General." 

^' ■ ' ^'' ■ Encloses a list of his office. Has licensed the first clerk, senior 

clerks, and clerks, pursuant to the Act, to frank votes, proceedings 

in Parliament, and newspapers. — St. James's. 

The list: — 

William Burke, Esq., "I tt i o x • 
^nr.,,. -n, 77 >■ Under Secretaries. 

William J<raser, Esq., J 

John Larpent, - First Clerk. 

Richard Shadwell, 

Francis Wace, 

Cuchet Jouvencel, "^ 

James Wright, I 

William Taylor, | 

Bryan Broughton, )>C1 

George Aust, 

Geoig'e Cooke, 

Thomas Bidwell, 

1 G Aug. 248. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom. Geo. IIL, Four Indian men (one of whom is their Sachem) and three 

V- a, p. . Indian women, belonging to the Wappinger tribe, have been 
brought from America without the consent of the King, or a 
recommendatory letter from any of his Governors, in order to 
petition His Majesty in Council for the recovery of a tract of 
land which they complain has been unjustly taken from them. 
Encloses for their Lordships' consideration all the papers pre- 
sented by them upon the subject of their complaint. Directs 
them also to consider of the properest method of having these 

E 2 



} 



Senior Clerks 



Treas.EntrvBk 
17G3-7.), p."l7G 



68 CALENDAR OF 

1766. 

Inilian.^ taken iininecliate care of, and of sending them Ijack to 
N. America, and to settle with the agent of Massachusetts Bay, 
and report an estimate of the expense of their re-embarkation, 
presents, fcc, as in tlie case of the Cherokees. As, however, these 
Indians have been brought over without any authority, His 
Majesty does not think projjer to reimbm-se any expenses hitherto 
incurred for their passage and maintenance. — Whitehall. 

16 Aug. 249. The Same to the Lords of the Teeasuey. 

Desires them to receive the King's pleasure (in reference to the 
Cdmplaint of the Count de Guerchy) for restitution to be made to 
the owners, and the officers of the "Frederick" cutter to be \iyo- 
perly reprimanded for the violence committed. — Whitehall. 

16 Aug. 250. Lord Advocate of Scotland (Jajies MoNTGOirERv) to 

Scofiami, William Burke, Esq. 

V. 2.1, No. 144. Has received the new cachet for Scotland, saw the old cachet 

defaced, and delivered the new one to the proper officer. Mr. Burke 
will please receive the seal formerly sent in place of the cachet. — 
Edinburgh. 1 jh 

16 Aug. 251. The Same to Mr. [Secretary Conway]. 

Scotland, _ ^ By a Scots statute, equally revered here as the Habeas Corpus is 

pc .46,^ o. lui. jj^ England, all persons imprisoned for crimes not inferring a 
capital punishment must be set at liberty upon their finding bail 
to appear and answer to any prosecution that .shall be carried on 
against them ; and the sum of such security is regulated by the 
rank of the pnisoner. It is: — for a nolilrman, '.V.VAl. (i.v\ SiL ; a 
landed gentleman, 166?. 13s. id. ; any other g(.'iitl<'!iian and burgess, 
5.5?. 11.S. l^f?. ; and any other inferior person, li;/. LS.s. 4(/. These 
sums the judges, by a British statute, are allowed to double when 
circumstances require it, Imt further they cannot go. In spring, 
176-5, the partnei's of the Carron Company, in Scotland, applied to 
the Judge Admiral for a warrant against two persons, Croswell 
and Chrystie, who had bargained with some of their workpeople 
to go to Sweden, in consequence whereof Croswell was appre- 
hended, but, upon application, was liberated upon giving double 
bail as an ordinary gentleman or burgess. By the Act 23 Geo. II. 
cap. 13. all persons who contract with, entice, or persuade any 
manufacturer to go into any foreign country incur a penalty 
of 500?., besides a year's imprisonment; notwithstanding which, 
the Judge Admiral thought himself bound to give effect to the 
Scots ;.;tatute, and to limit the sum in the bail bond to 111?. 2s. 2^d. 
Some time after the matter was laid before Mr. Miller, then Lord 
Advocate, who directed a prosecution against Croswell and 
Chrystie, and they, not appearing, were outlawed, and Croswcirs 
bail bond declared to be forfeited, which was all that could lie done. 
He, the Lord Advocate, never knew of any ill-judged l.nity sImavh 
to anj^ one charged with transoxessing the laws madi- ioi' juiAcnt- 
ing seduction of mamifactm-ers into foreign countrii^, nnle^.s ilie 
Judge AtUniral's admitting Croswell to bail is to lie considered an 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 69 



instance, as it lias tlio apprai-ance of absurdity tliat a person 
should bo liberated njion liail for a lesser sum tlian tlie jienalty 
forfeited by him if guilty; but which he dues not t\ih\k merits 
that name, as the inaccuracy of the British statut's tdUcliiiiL; this 
matter, so far as concerns Scotland, has left tlic ijiii/stidii wliether 
the bail is to be regulated by the Scots statute or not, so very 
doubtful that judges will probably continue to differ in opinion 
about it until the doubt is removed biy a new enactment. By the 
Act 5 Geo. II. cap. 27. sec. 4. any manufacturer who hath con- 
tracted, promised, or is preparing to go out of the kmgdom, may 
be bound to answer with reasonable sureties for his appearance, 
and, ui)on refusal, may be committed for trial until next assizes, 
and, if convicted, is to bo imprisoned till he finds such security. 
The first information he, the Lord Advocate, had of Lewis being 
so imprisoned was his [Mr. Conway's] letter. On enquiry, he 
found Lewis in a course of judicial proceedings before the Court of 
Session against the Carron Company, for procuring his liVierty 
without bail, on account of some irregularities in his commitment ; 
but tlie defect was supplied as well as possil)le, and the Court 
declined to judge in it, being a criminal matter projior for the 
cognizance of the Court of Justiciary, the criminal court in Scot- 
land. Lewis next applied to tlie Court of Justiciary to be 
admitted to bail, which brought on the question whether the bail 
was to be regulated by the Scots statute or not. He, the Lord 
Advocate, urged the inexpediency of the construction of the law 
in that manner, as very properly suggested in his (Mr. Conway's) 
letter. Of the five judges present, two were for regidating it 
according to the Scots statute, and three not ; and the sum in the 
bail liond was fixed at 100/. sterling. 

He tries Lewis at one of the circuit criminal courts to be held next 
month at Stirling, a town near to the Carron Company's works ; and, 
in onler to prevent the seduction of artificers in this part of the 
kingdom as much as possible, has written to each of the sheriffs, 
recommending to their attention the making of a discovery if any 
such thing is practised in their respective counties, and apprehend- 
ing the parties concerned, to be puni.shed according to law. Ho 
thought it right to explain the matter thus fully in order to 
remove any imfavourable impression Mr. Conway may have 
received of the conduct of the judges and officers of the law in this 
part of the kingdom. — Edinbui-gh. 4 p/i. 

IS Aug. 252. William Eael of Shelburne. 

Dom. Misc., ( )riginal patent appointing him Secretary of State. 

20 Aug. 253. Case of J(jiix Welfoed [a Shipowner.] 

Admirahy, Report by Lord Mansfield on the petition of John A\'elford 

ro^'25 a't'od [^ shipowner], who had been unjustly imprisoned by Consul White 

at Tripoli. The latter having died, his partner, Mr. Trail, was 

indicted before Lord Mansfield, and condemned in damages of .500/. 

His Lordship, after making remarks on the case, says that as the 



70 CALENDAR OF 

17GG. 

petition does not complain that the money recovered has not been 
paid, he takes it for granted it has. 

The petition ; a further petition praying an appointment to the 
vacant consulship of Tripoli ; and two certificates respectively from 
some sailors whom he had befriended, and from certain members 
and merchants, in his favour. 6| 'pp. of different sizes. 

24 Aug. 254. Mr. Geouge Geenville to Thos. Mortimer, Esq. 
Doni. Geo.iil., jg very glad to hear that the apprehensions he was under of 

pc . , s, o. 45. ijgijjg removed from his post of Vice-Consul at Ostend are at an 
end. Had he heard anything of the kind he would have informed 
him of it, and would very willingly have given testimony of his 
good behavioiu' in his situation, as far as he (Mr. Grenville) had any 
means of being acquainted with it. Offers hearty congratidations 
that there is now no occasion for it. — Wotton. 1 p. 

2G Aug. 255. Commodore Spry to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Admiralty, Arrived at Gibraltar on the 22nd inst. After an interview with 

KoK a' b Major-Gen. Irwin, immediately wrote to the Emperor. This letter 
Mr. Poidiam, H.M.'s Consid, will proceed with to Tetuan the 
moment the wind will permit him to sail. Enclosing a copy of a 
letter received from Tetuan by Mr. Popham, in consequence 
whereof he despatched Cajot. Cosby, in H.M.S. " Montreal," to 
look into Sallee and Marmora, -with orders to prevent, if possible, 
the departure of an ambassador for England, by making known 
his, the Commodore's, arrival, and informing them that he was going 
to the Court of Morocco invested with full powers to treat with 
His Imperial Majesty. Hopes, if Capt. Cosby is so fortunate as to 
meet with the vessel, thus to induce them to put a stop to the 
intended embassy. From the favom-able disposition the Emperor 
seems at present to be in, hopes to be able to settle everything 
satisfactorily without going to the Com-t of Mequinez, as he is but 
ill able to undertake the journey at this time, having had an 
" intermitting " fever ever since he left England. 

The enclosure. The Emperor was gone to Fez, and had .sent 
Muley Idris with -5,000 men, and Muley Aley with 4,000, to the 
" Coast of Reef" to conquer the Arabs. 3i jop- 

26 Aug. 256. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
])om. Geo. III., Enclosing an Order of Council of the 8th inst. revoking an 
v.."), p. .3. order of lltli March 1752 concerning the correspondence to be 
carried on between the Commissioners for Trade and Plantations 
and the Governors of H.M.'s colonies, who are to correspond with 
the Secretaries of State, sending duplicates to their Lordshi]is. 
For the futm-e also all measmes relative to commerce and the 
colonies shall originate and lie taken up in tlie Ministerial execu- 
tive oftices of Govenunent, their Lordships acting as a Board of 
Advice upon such points only as shall be referred from His Majesty, 
by C)rdei- in Council, or from the Lords of the Council, or a 
Committee of the Council, or from His Majesty by one of the 
Principal Secretaries of State ; and the estimates for colony services. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 71 



and the direction and application of money granted tlierenpon, 
(a business of late years transacted by their Lordships,) is to be 
resumed into its proper chaiuiel. — Wliitehall. 
The Order in Council also entered. 

27 Aug. 257. The Same to the Same. 

Dom. Geo. III., Yov their opinion whether the trade of Turk's Islands is of such 
' ^' ■ importance as to make it necessary to appoint a salary for H.M.'s 
agent there, His Majesty ha\Tng granted the office to ill-, Symner 
according to his application. 

28 Aug. 258. Mr. John Wood, Governor of the Lsle of Man, to Mr. 

Isle of Man, [SECRETARY CoNT\'AY.] 

v.i, 0.44. Received tliis day a letter from ili-. Lowndes, of the Treasury, 

enclosing an extract of his letter of 28th Jan. to the Secretary of 
State, with the Attorney General's opinion relative to the fairs, 
the chapel, and the houses, &c. possessed by him and all the pre- 
ceding Governors rent-free, and which he held possession of as 
public buildings. The opinion specifies that all fairs and fair days 
are expressly excepted out of the Act of 5 Geo. III., and that 
messuages, houses, and gardens, including the chapel as part of the 
Governor's house, are also excepted. Will, therefore, now be 
obliged to rent the house, &c. at what the Duke thinks proj^er, as 
also the demesne, consisting of 54 acres, for which he and all 
preceding Governors paiil a trifling acknowledgment of 71. yearly. 
The Duke will, no doubt, demand rent from May 17th, 176-5, as he 
intimated that from that day all expenses of government devolved 
on the Crown. Takes the liberty to ask, therefore, (if he cannot 
have his salary at present,) what the amount of his appointments 
is to be, that he may regulate his expenses and form his plans 
accordingly. As to the chapel, it appears absolutely necessary to 
continue the use of it until His Majesty's pleasure be known, there 
being no other place for Divine worship in this town, and it was 
ever appropriated for the Governor and officers, and now serves for 
the use of the troops. — Castletown. 2| 'pj^- 

29 Aug. 259. William Burke to John Holms, Esq., Mayor of 

Criml. Papers, Al-midel. 

"■ -'^ • Lord Mansfield has reported Peter Card a proper object of mercy 

for transportation, on condition that he will make a discovery of 
his accom|ilices. — St. James's. 

20 Aug. 260. Mr. Secretary Coxavay to the Advocate axd Attorney 

Law Officers GENERAL. 

i-g"!j'^j p 94 Enclosing, for their consideration, the instrument sent o\'er by 

the King of Denmark, naming H.R.H. Eilward Duke of York his 
proxy on the occasion of his espousals with H.R.H. Pi'incess 
Caroline Matilda, according to the treaty ; a copy of which is also 

enclosed. — St. James's. 



72 



CALENDAR OF 



1766. 
2 Sept. 

Dom.JlDtryBk., 



2 Sept. 

Petitions, 

I G5-S4, II. 3 



3 Sept. 

Admiralty, 
pel. lo5,yo".26. 



3 Sept. 
Dom. Geo. III., 
pel. 4, 
Ko. 5 a to q. 



261. ^Ir. Secretary Conway to Thomas Custians, Esq., 

Speaker of the House of Representatives of the province 

of Massachusetts Bay. 
Acknowledges the receipt of the vote which the House of 
Representatives have been plea.sed to pass, containing the most 
honourable and flattering testimony of their sentiments in his 
favour. Is truly sensible of the gi-eat honour conferred upon him, 
and will always be happy when his public conduct may be thought 
in any degree to merit tlie approbation of so respectable a l)ody. — 
St. James's. 

262. George Lookup. 

Petition for a noli prosequi to be entered against the second 
indictment preferred against him for perjury hy Sir Thomas 
Frederick. The case arose out of card-playing at Sir Thomas's 
house in Nov. 1757. Six years afterwards he was convicted of 
perjury, and sentenced to be set in the pillory and transported for 
seven years. This jvidgment was reversed on being brought into 
Parliament in pui'suance of a writ of ^error, but the petitioner 
underwent 1 1 months' imprisonment. He was executor to the 
late Sir William Dudley, Bart., and near 73 years old. A second 
prosecution was quite new and imprecedented. 

Referred to the Attorney or Solicitor General for an ojiinion 
thereon, 2 Sept. 

263. Lords of the Admiralty to the Earl of Shelburne. 
For His Majesty's pleasure to enable them to issue their war- 
rant to the Marshal of the High Court of Admiralty to take into 
his custody, in order to their being dealt ^vith according to law, 
15 persons brought home as prisoners by Capt. Macartney, of 
H.il.S. " Phcenix," lately arrived from the coast of Africa, being 
severally charged with divers felonies, piracies, and murders 
committed on the high sea on the said coast. 

The names of the men on the back. 1 i ^T- 

264. Lords of Trade to the Same. 

Transmitting copies of such of the reports made l;y' the Factories 
in foreign states withm the Southern Department relative to the 
state of commerce in those places as are not duphcates of what 
have been already transmitted to one of H.M.'s Principal Secretaries 
of State, or appear not to have been acted upon by the late Com- 
missioners of Trade. 

The enclosures, and a list of them (5 h.) The reports come from 
Minorca, Turkey, Smyrna, the Levant Company, Constantinople, 
Madeira, Messina, St. Lucar, and Naples. 

(5 d.) Minorca. The complaints are the non-prohibition of French 
trade, hcavj' port dues, the revival of old Spanish ordonnances by 
the liia-istiati's, such as the demand made upon the merchant to 
Icniiw tlic piiee he has paid for goods imported, for the magistrates 
to rcgulatr tin: price of sale ; the want of a lazaretto to receive 
and air the cargoes of ships performing quarantine, >.^c. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



73 



17GG. 



{ocj. &L) Turheij. The English trade i.s in a state of o,.p«f 
dechne, affected chiefly by the increase of that c5 tL Fr^eich 
which IS to be a tributed to the vast improvement of Lir doth 
Seetoo"th '-^^^^^^i— ^-1 facilities for introduc ng t 
Heie, too, the great want is a proper lazaretto for ships to neiform 
quarantme The admission into England of any l\ ppin^fr^^^ 
Inrkey with foul patents being absolutely denie.lfforSers W 
It m their power on any frivolous suspicion to ra se Tep^or of the 
plague, so as to constitute foul bills of health and thuroiL tl 
navigation profitable employment. The ImpeHal a d^KT ' 

coloiu-s were thus introduced and, thou^Tvir' to hSv 
known in hose parts, are become the principal canS of tie 
Levant products to Leghorn. The slight cloth inventec by FiLee 
so peculiarly adapted to the taste of these people has became ?W 

go^Uh ot Tu key but from the usual ports or places of loadino 
them in the Grand Seignors dominions, in Eno-lisLbuilt si i^ps bv 
members of theLevant Company, and not othenvise o be 3rt 5 
into Great Britain and Ireland, these commodities nrbSi^ 
purchaseable by any of the members but with tt moduce o? 
English manufactures or merchandize, to the exclusion of buUion 

tie Want^ r "°" f ' .?"*^^^^ "^'"^ ^'^ become ni:mbefof 
the Levant C.ompany by the payment of 20/. The Dutch have 
attanied the reputation of fabricating a stout fine doth much 
cheaper a.id better than any yet imported from E^anT ' "'" 
,,-i i,^^ /'"f * Cojryjaiiy represent that their exports are chieflv 

woollenmanufacture,and their imports rawmaterias. The fS 
tte T-t' "'"T'^' .*,° ^r' 1^^^*'^^^*'"' and extremely poper for 
Pev-l '' T- f'^^^^ r'?''"-''''^ *'^^ Company's trade^ ^ F^ime rly 
Pei.ia was chiefly supplied with wooUen goods by the ComZv 
As the exports of the East India and the Russia Pon^^f^" 
increased in that kingdom, the Turkey Con ^any d creas^ ^nd 
smce the breaking out of the civil war in pL a (wh cJi' S 
continues) very little doth has been sent, and no silk a be n 
rStr?, itT "*' Tiu-keyformanyyears. Thec^^p n 
sion rV,S ^ " ^'''f ^ decreased by the increase of oppres- 
sion. Gruft goods, such as cotton, goats wool, fruit &c can 
e imported from Italy, which is prejiulidal to the Levant Com 
anj. They also complain of the intrusion of the East TnT. 
Company m trading to Turkey by cvoino- round fhp l,t 't- n ^ 
Hope, having succee^led in estabUsIirno^a" Comid a b2 ' f 

Factor at Bagdad. The trade to Ba^s^i'a ^nd BaStdT'ofl: 
greatest_ importance to the Turkey Company, as £ trarle to 
Aleppo IS nauch the most considerable of any they have There 
IS an alteration, to their injury, in the trade tJ Ireknd ° 

(oj.) Mr. H Grenville, in taking his leave of the Porh^ f,n- 
England appointed in his absence°Mr. Consul Kii loch to t^i 
diarge ot His ilaiesty s service. ^^ 



74 CALENDAR OF 

1766. 

(5 k.) The Factors at Constantinople attribute the decay of the 
Britisli commerce in the Levant, (1) to the want of a proi)er place 
where sliips coming from the Levant in time of plague may, under 
proper regulations, perform quarantine ; and (2) to the Levant 
Company's not having an entii'e exclusive charter. All the pro- 
perty of the Levant Company, upon any accident or report of an 
accident of the plague, is shut up in the warehouses. If the 
Government should not cany into execution the design of building 
a quarantine house, no other method can be taken to prevent the 
total ruin of the British commerce to the Levant but to imitate 
the example of the Dutch, and to allow ships to sail with a foul 
bill of health. 

Excepting mohaii-, yarn, and silk, the rest of the Turkey trade, 
consisting of cottons, fruit, goats wool, carpets, and drugs, is chiefly 
can-ied on by way of Leghorn, by the Dutch, Jews, Armenians, and 
Italian merchants, without a yard of English manufacture being 
given in exchange. Wlieii the cotton and fruit crops are brought 
to market, upon the arrival of any of the Company's ships to load 
for Great Britain, the Dutch, Jews, and Italians trading to Leghorn 
immediately propagate reports of the plague ; the Consuls con- 
sequently give foul patents, and the Company's sliips are obhged 
to depart, leaving their loadings behind them. The consulages 
cannot be paid to deii-ay their public expenses if the ships are not 
allowed to load home. 

Since the Levant Company cany on their trade by means of 
" manufactories " exported from Great Britain only, whilst foreigners 
by way of Leghoi'n import into England cottons, fruit, goats' wool, 
carpets, and di'ugs, to a considerable yearly sum, by means of 
moneys sent from Leghorn, and moneys produced fi-om Dutch 
cloth sold in Turkey, where not a yard of British manufactm-es 
is vended on account of these purchases, it appears evident that 
the granting an entire exclusive charter to the Company must be 
a very great national benefit. Existing arrangements are aU in 
favour of foreigners. The great support of the Dutch cloth trade 
is then- making their returns to England ; could they be deprived 
of this advantage, their trade in cloth to the Levant would ch-op, 
as their retm-ns to Holland almost always render a loss. 

If all the nation's commerce were carried on only by means of 
money, the consequence of such a commerce would be, that all the 
specie would in the long run be carried out of the nation. The 
balance of such a trade is entirely against us, for it is the quantity 
of " manufactories " exported that gives the balance in favour of a 
nation. It must be a point, therefore, of the highest consequence to 
increase the imports of the Levant Company, since every such 
increase will uifallibly produce an adequate increase in the exports 
of the national industry. The French carry on their trade in a 
way analogous to this. Without such remedies as these pi'oposed, 
the British commerce to the Levant will inevitably be lost. 

(-5 m.) Island of Madeira. The Consul and Factory give the 
following accounts of the Island : — A circumscribed spot, of about 
20 leagues in length, and 7 in breadth ; very mountainous ; of an 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 75 



1766. 



S.^f^l"t'°.V''^''r''''^'^^^^" it« elimate so as to grow 
hut am plants of the southern and northern gi-owth indifferently. 
Ui on set mg the Island the inhabitants fii-st%pplied themselve 
the culture of the sugar cane, and for some yeirs were pretty 
successful, carrying on with the mother country and France a 

gettmg mto the cane, their crops failed, and obhged them to o?ve 
ip he culture, and apply to that of the .-ine, which answers well 
to the natm-e of then- soil, and produces a wine generaUy Isteemec 
The inhabitants, by cominitation, number 1 20,000 ; who beSs The 
^ane, raise ikewise a sufficient quantity of wheat, rye, and barley to 

waXf th "■ ^«Ti"P'^°"/"" '''''' "^°"*'^'^- F«^' -'^-t they "urth ; 
want of these artic es, and every other of their consumption they 
depend upon supphes from abroad sent in exchangj for'tS 
wines, p,e,ei-ved citron, and brandies. The consumption "f 
Madeira wmes first began in the British American colonies the 
nhabitan s of which, being indulged by the Govei-nment with the 
cZ\V, .""P°ffg/";e«t adventures to these countries from 
Gieat Britain and Ireland, generally on their- way used to touc 
at the Island, and, in exchange for coarse and fine woollens, whea 
flour, flax, herrings, Irish provisions, and staves, lay in theh- wines 

ISZr'flf-y- ^T'-''"^' "*■*"•' '^'' No^-th Americans, fi^d n" 
that most of their productions were staple in the Island, f^m less 
to more, fel into the trade, and not only supplied themselves wSi 
wine advantageously, but also ventured trade in them with the 
southern colonies But in little more than 20 years the Trade is 
greatly altered; for by an increase in the demand for Madeira 
wines m America, the introduction of the use of them nto Great 

fnlil h w'' ""^ '^" ^"^^" q-ntityrequiredforsettlem lite 
ninda, which for many years the Island could hardly furnish 
the natives not only had an opportunity of making their own 
prices, which have been and are still extravagantly high but aTso 
otaltermg the mode of payment, by insistin| on havin. b Us of 
exchange on Lisbon or London for their best^ines, bein^ thereby 
able to become importers and serve themselves. This in reiid to 
the manufactures of England, is prejudicial, as theraflfectTench 
stufts woollen, and silks, which they get very che'lp vil L Zn 
interfering m a particular manner with the sale of English S 
goods. Broad cloths especially, formerly used very much" are nj^^ 
very little worn._ The British trade in Madeka i likewise hurt 
by a late reguation in the exports fi-om thence to BiazH and by 
a late order from Court forbidding the entry of train oif-ith 
which they are to be supplied in future from the Brazil isW 
coS'aTr^"'^""'^'^"™^^"^^' ^'-^^^^^ ^-^ I-l-d, and th'e 



100,000 bushels of wheat, 
•50,000 bushels of Indian corn 
10 to 12,000 barrels of flour, ' 
2 to .3,000 barrels of beef, 
500 barrels of pork, 
1 to 1,200 hogsheads of rice, 



76 CALENDAR OF 



1 to 1,500 barrels of herrings, 
4,000 quintals of codfish, 
400,000 staves, 

500,000 feet of boards, 
1,000 firkins of butter, 
5 to 6,000 lbs. of beeswax, 

2 to 300 boxes of candles, 

and woollens, linens, and other nianufactmes, to the amount of 
25,000?. sterling, paid for in wines and a little preserved citrons, 
the brandies being almost all made use of in the trade to Brazil. 
The Island produces, one year with another, about 15,000 pipes of 
Avine. Of these 8,000 are generally exported for the British 
dominions, of which two thirds are sent to America, and the rest 
to Great Britain and Ireland and the settlements in India, — what 
remains being carried ofl:' by the Dutch and Danes, consumed in 
the Island, and made into brandy for the Brazil trade. The Dutch 
and Danes generally traffic for the low-priced wines, in exchange 
for cordage, canvass, and some India goods to no great extent, and 
even that is frequently carried on with salt provisions from 
Ireland ; so that in effect the British have no rival of any con- 
sequence except the French. Provisions of all kinds upon impor- 
tation are exemjDted from every sort of duty ; if exported again, 
pay 11 per cent, ad valorem. Everything else pays 10 per cent, 
ad valorem, or in specie, at the will of the importer. Upon expor- 
tation 11 per cent, is insisted upon. The situation of British 
traders on the Island is attended Avith many disagreealile circum- 
stances. 

(5 n.) Sicily. The trade is much decreased of late, but more 
particularly in the city of Messina, which was fonnerly not only 
the mart of the whole kingdom but likewise of a good part of 
Calabria. The causes of the decrease are many. The city of 
Naples drives away the trade of Calabria, and the plague of 1743 
has turned the course of trade. By the best information, the 
importation and " consume " of English manufactures is about one 
third less than formerly, owing chiefly to the poverty of the 
inhabitants in general, occasioned by the oppression of the barons 
in their estates, and want of justice in other parts, and no proper 
steps being taken for the promotion of trade. The fabric of 
coarse cloths, established of late years at Naples, has prejudiced 
and diminished the consume of o\n' Yoik.shire cloths, as they come 
out cheaper. The other sorts of English wooUens and manu- 
factures are in the same repute as formerly. In general the Eng- 
lish trade has been maintained better than that of other nations. 
The products taken fi'oni the Island for English consume are raw 
and thrown silks, oils, manna, Lipari raisins, wines, cantliaridt-s, 
argoll, iS:c. ; the value of which, however, excejiting sUks, is in- 
considerable. The duties paid upon foreign merchandize are 
1 ]ier cent, in Messina as being a porto fraiitu, alxnit 7 jier cent, at 
Palermo, and 3 per cent, for the other pai't set the l^ingdom. Upon 
exjioifs, corn pays " tarys " of 15 per geinTal .-aim, answering to 
the English quarter; silks, either thrown or raw, G.V per cent. 



ho:me office papers 



17G6. 



beside a gabell of 30 grains per lb. of 1 2 oz. ; most other articles 
(not subject to gabell), about 34- per cent. The principal olistacle 
to our trade is the not being able to obtain justice against fraudu- 
lent debtors, wlio, whilst they have money in hand, generally find 
means to evade justice, especially as the retiring upon the estates 
of the Barons or upon the Church equally protects their persons. 
The remedy would be the appointment of a giiklite conservatore 
to try causes, not only between English and English, but likewise 
between English and n: Lives. Amongst other hardships and pre- 
judicial novelties is an order published some years ago to oblige 
all merchants, without exempt! >n, to reveal every ])arcel of silk 
they buy, and the price paid. The merchants (not to prejudice 
themselves by conforming thereto) make use of the expedient of 
purchasing and ■' dispending " their silks under the name of some 
native of the country. With regard to the navigation, the con- 
tinual quarantines that all neutral vessels are subject to may be 
considered one of the greatest hardships, as they are imposed 
generally on frivolous pretexts, and probably with second views. 
The remedy is to have decent and Hxed salaries allowed to the 
physicians, master notaries, and subaltern officers of the health office. 

(5 0.) St. Lucar. Nothing novel has intervened since the last 
report, either to the prejudice or advantage of our commerce, 
except what has beeu occasionally so in the past season, from the 
damage done the fruit trees at Seville by the great frosts (unex- 
ampled in the memory of man), the vast scarcity of oil (not 
permitting one di'op to be embarked), and the King's taking all 
the salt made to his own use. These were severe disappointments 
to our trading vessels, but leave no room for complaint of any inno- 
vation. The wi-iter only guesses the effect of the treaty between 
His Christian Majesty and the Emperor of Morocco on commerce. 

(o q.) Xaplc3. One great grievance the Euglisli merchants labour 
under, viz., tliat this Court, since the death in 1758 of our Dele- 
gate, the President Ventura, has, without the least pretence, most 
Tuijustly deprived them of this office of justice. The Commissary 
apiiointed instead has such diminished powers as not to be able to 
afford sufficient protection. Another grievance is the l^ankruptcy 
laws. A delegate, a judge on whom they can depend foi- justice, 
is much desired. 10(3 jyp. or 2xcrti of pages. 

3 Sept. 265. Lords of Trade to Mr. Secretaey Conway. 
Dom. Goo. III., Send their representation upon the proposition for estalilishing 
No'lTa'b ^ Consul at Trieste in the Adriatic Sea, referred to them the 2()th 
of June last. 

The representation. They recommend such an appointment on 
the ground of general propriety, as the British trade to Trieste has 
greatly increased of late years, and continues to increase, and is 
therefore able to bear such ■ consulage duties as will supjjort a 
Consul. But there is already some person at Trieste wlio acts as 
British Consul ; but whether Ijy appointment from the Court of 
Vienna, or by what other authority, they are not able to sa3^ 
3i pp. 



78 CALENDAR OF 



1766. 
3 Sept. 266. Royal Marriage. 
Dom^ Geo. III., Report of the King's Advocate (James Marriott) and tlie Attorney 

pc . ,8, 0.48. Qy^yi-al (\Vm. De Grey) upon the letters of procuration sent over 
liy the King of Denmark, appointing H.R.H. the Duke of York 
h's proxy for espousing H.R.H. Princess Caroline Matilda. They 
are of opinion that they contain all such clauses as are lit and 
expedient. — Doctors' Commons. 1 p. 

6 Sept. 267. Invention. 

Petitions, Petition of Jedediah Strutt, of the parish of Blackwell, in the 

"'''''■ ■ county of Derby, wheehvi-ight, and William Woollatt, of the same 
place, hosier, for letters patent for the exercise in Scotland of their 
invention of a machine on which is fixed a set of turning needles, 
which machine is fixed to a stocking frame for making turned 
ribbed stockings, pieces, and other goods. 

Referred to the Lord Advocate for Scotland, Sept. 6th. 

10 Sei)t. 268. Isle of Max. 

Isle of Man, Order in Council that the captains of the towns and peace 

Xo^s'a 1) officers under them be continued to be paid, from the l7th May . 
176.5 to the time of their reduction, out of the revenues of the 
Isle, and that an allowance of 8?. be made to each of the coroners, 
being near their former allowance, for their trouble in the 
execution of the late and present Acts of Parliament relative to 
the Isle ; and that, with respect to the allowance to the officers 
directed to be established by Orders in Council of 23 Oct. 176,5 
and 17 Feb. last, the same be paid agreeably to what is suggested 
by the Lords of the Treasury in a letter from their Secretary to 
the Clerk of the Coimcil in waiting. 

The letter from Mr. Grey Cooper to the Clerk of the Council in 
waiting referred to. Endorsed : " Copy sent to Govi". Wood, 
Sept. 13, 1766. ' 2^ pp. 

9 & 10 Sept. 269. Mr. Secretary Conway to H.M.'s Advocate and Attorney 

Law Officers GENERAL. 

Directing them to prepare a proper form, in the English language, 
105. of a ceremonial to be observed in the espousal of H.R.H. Princess 
Caroline Matilda with the King of Denmark, which His Majesty 
has appointed to be solemnized on the 1st of October. For their 
assistance herein sends a copy of the ceremonial used on the mai-- 
riage of the Princess of Hesse. — Dated 9 Sej^t. 

"The reply, dated the 10th. The words to be spoken, and the 
forms to be observed, kc, making a complete account of the 
ceremony, are also entered. 

The origmal of the report is in Dom. Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 49. 

12 Sept. 270. The Same to Governor Wood. 
Dom.Eutry Bit., Sends an Order of Council on the salaries claimed by the 
^ " ' ^' ■ cajitains and peace officers imder them within his, Mr. Wood's, 
government. Is glad this point is settled.— St. James's. 



•:iitry Bk., 
1762- 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 79 



176(j. 
13 Sept. 271. Eael of Shelburne to Major Gen. Gage. 
Com. -in-chief. With re.spect to the quartering of the troops in New York, hl.s 

V. 1, pp. 2-G. Lordship wrote by the last packet to Sir Henry Moore, stating 
that His Majesty both expects and requires a due and cheerful 
obedience on the part of the provinces to the Acts of the Legis- 
lature of Great Britain, and among others to that jiassed last 
session for quartering H.M.'s troops, in its full extent and meaning. 
His Majesty is persuaded the discretion and moderation appearing 
in every part of the Major General's conduct will make the burthen 
as light as is consistent with His Majesty's service. It is unneces- 
sary to suggest how desirable it is that ever}' officer should remove, 
as much as possible, prejudices amongst civilians with regard to 
the military, by promoting a temperate and amicable intercourse 
between them. His accounts of the conduct of the settlers and 
traders in regaixl to the Indians are certainly most alarming and 
interesting. Sir William Johnson has also written accounts to the 
same puqiose. Some general i)lan appears necessary for the regu- 
lation of the Indian trade and the restraining of violences. Mean- 
while he is to use his utmost endeavours to enforce obedience to 
His Majesty's ]ir.irlaiiiati(iii, wliicli, if strictly attended to, would 
prevent tin-'- 'liswnlci-. 'I'lir si-ttl^rs at Red Stone Creek seem to 
have placed tli<iii^i.'lv(.s not (jiil}- Ix.yond the limits prescribed by 
H.M.'s proclamation, but beyoml the boundaries, and consequently 
out of the protection, of any province. Orders are therefore not 
only to be given to the Commanding Officer at Fort Pitt to warn 
them of the danger of their situation, but, if that be not found 
sufficient. General Gage is to consider what further steps may be 
taken to make them entirely qviit those settlements. 

His Majesty is concerned to find, by accounts from West Florida, 
that his orders given two years ago for ascertaining the right of 
command between the several Governors and the Commanding 
Officers shordd be misimderstood. It is the King's decided deter- 
mination that the orders of his Commander-in-chief in America 
shall be implicitly obeyed by the troops in every part of the 
provinces ; also that the orders of the several brigadiers shall ho 
obeyed independently of those of the Governors, but that all 
inferior officers, in the absence of the Commander-in-chief and 
lirigadiers, be imder the orders of the Governors. 

His Majesty approves extremely Major General Gage's attention 
to the steps taken by the Spaniards on their fh'st settlement at 
New Orleans. All accounts as to the navigation of the Mississippi, 
the settlements on both sides of the river up to the Illinois country, 
and the course of the Indian trade, will be very acceptable to the 
King. — Wliitehall. 

13 Sept. 272. The Same to the Same. 
Com.-in-c-hief, Enclosing the case of Ca]5t. Troup and the owners of a snow 

■>'-bp-6. impressed in 1759 for the service of the garrison at Quebec, and 
du-ecting the payment of the demand. — Whitehall. 



80 CALENDAR OF 



17G(j. 

19 He\,t. 273. Me. Seceetary Conwav tc the Losd President. 
Doni.EntryBl;., 'r}|f. accoiints from difici'ent quaiter.s of the country relative to 
V. -J:., pp. '.1-11. the price of com, and the riots committed, growing more seriou.s 

fVL-vy daj-, Hi.s Majesty's servants now in town, particularly the 
] )uke of Grafton, the Eail of Chatham, and the two Secretaries of 
.State, have thought it absolutely necessary that this important 
matter should be the subject of a further consideration in Council ; 
and, that no time should be lost in so critical a situation, have 
resolved, in his Lordship's absence at so great a distance, that a 
Committee of Council be summoned to meet on Wednesday next, 
in order to consider of the necessity of laying an embargo on the 
exportation of corn. If it suited his Lordship's convenience and 
health, nothing could be more desired than to have the assistance 
of his counsel and opinion on the occasion. It is hoped that he 
will think this application proceeds from a desu'e to show every 
possible respect and attention to his character and station, and 
that the thus summoning a meeting of Council in his absence will 
stand excused from the weight and importance of the matter to be 
the subject of it.— St. James's. 

A letter to the Lord Chancellor, in every respect the same, with 
the exception of the omission of the words underlined, and the last 
paragraph. 

20 Sept. 274. The Same to the Lord Mayor of Loxdox. 
Dom.Entniik., j^-sircs his attendance at the above Committee of Council. 

■*'• -^' !'■ ■*■ Like letter sent to Mr. Farrer and to Mr. Prescot. 

22 Sept. 275. The Same to Wm. Dellaway, Esq. 

Dom.Enti-yBk,, Eetunis thanks for the exact account he has transmitted of the 
T. 2.5, p. 5. xmfortunate riots in the county of Gloucester, and cannot but add 
that the vigilance and activity exercised by him on the occasion, 
however ineffectual to suppress so general a spirit of discontent 
and tumult, did him great honour. Could have wished that the 
horses of the squadron of dragoons nearest at hand, Avhich was imme- 
diately ordered to march into the country, had not been at grass. 

23 Sept. 276. The Same to Lord Berkeley. 

Pora.EiitryRk., Acknowledges the receipt of his Lordship's letter giving an 
V. 2j, I.. .X account of the riots m the county of Gloucester, &c. 

2.5 Sept. 277. Secketary-at-War (Barrixotox) to Mr. Secretary Cox- 

War OUice, WAY. 

No .-, t h. Has gi\i-n orders for all the regiments of dragoons in South 

Britain tu take up their horses immediately from grass, and also 
for all the rcgiuK-nts of dragoons and infantry in South Britain to 
give assistance to the ci\il magistrates upon reipiisition in case of 
any riots. 

P.S. — Sends a copy of his letter to tlie Commanding Otlicer [at 
York] on this occasion. 

The enclosure. 2 2'r- 



IIO.ME OFFICE TAPEKS. 81 



17G6. 

26 Se]it. 278, The Advocate General (Marriott) to General Conway. 
Law Officers Received this day a letter from Mr. Burke, stating that he 
762°-95 p iu7 (General Conway) not knowing any person in the profession, desired 

him, the Advocate General, to name a person to be recommended 
to His Majesty to act as procurator general and notary public at 
the ceremonial of the marriage of the Princess Mathilda, and that 
Dr. Paul was applied to in like manner on a former occasion. 
Names, therefore, Eoger Altham, Esq., of Doctors' Commons, one 
of the procurators of the Ai'ches Couit of Canterbury and High 
Court of Admiralt}-, and notary public. He is a gentleman of one of 
the best families of Essex, of very strict honour, of property, much 
respected in his profession, and of great modesty and deference to 
his superiors. Mr. Burke asks if Mr. Tyndall (who is dead), men- 
tioned in the Couii Register as King's proctor, is of the rank that 
is styled procurator general in the report ? The King's proctor 
and the procurator general are the same person, as the King's 
Advocate is the King's Advocate General, ami all proctors are 
notaries, tliough all notaries are not proctors. 

P.S. — WiU he in town at his house in Southampton Street, 
Bloomsbury, on Sunday night. Has written very fully to the 
celebrated French advocate, Mr. Elie de Beaument, as Lord Shel- 
burne desired, concerning notarial authentications and the practice 
in France, but will not send the letter before communicating it 
to him (Mr. Conway) and Lord Shelburne. — Twinsted Hall, near 
Sudbury, Suffolk. 

P. 106 is left blank for Mr. Burh's letter, irhich, hoivever, v:as 
not entered. 

27 Sept. 279. Loed.s (if the Admiralty to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Admiralty, Relative to a complaint laid against the master of an Algerine 

No^-i? ii'h c corsair for firing on a British schooner, and taking some fish and 
wearing apparel out of her. Enclosing an extract from a letter 
from Capt. Gower, of H.M.S. "^olus," who was sent to Lisbon to 
enquire into the complaint, Avherein he states that the commander 
of the cor.sair is the same man who detained H.M.'s storeship 
" Florida," for which he has been already punished, and that the 
damage done was trifling ; and a copy of an aflBdavit of the 
schooner's consignee. 
The enclosures. 4 j^p- 

30 Sept. 280. Birth of a Princess. 
1^,'m'^'qc'^ ,1"1q Circular from Mr. Secretary Conway, announcing the birth of 

a Princess, and sending letters of notification to Sir J. Yorke, 
Mr. Langlois, Sir G. Macartney, Mr. Gunning, Mr. Stanhope, 
Mr. Cressener, Sir A. Mitchell, Mr. Wroughton, Sir J. Gcodricke, 
Mr. Greville ; also to the following, the paragraph as to the letter 
of notification being omitted, viz., Messrs. Titley, Woodford, 
Swallow, Mathias, Welters, Wallace, Correy, Gordon, Wood, Fen- 
wick, Lord Justice Clerk, and Lord George Beauclerck. 

In a postscript Mr. Conway desires thenr to number their letters 
from No. 1. onwards, as he has done himself This postscript was 



,59. 



82 CALENDAR OF 



aililed to all except Sir J. Yorke, Sir G. Macartney, Messrs. Gun- 
ning and Cressener, Sir A. Mitcliell, and Messrs. Greville, Wood- 
ford, and Titley. 

80 Sej^t. 281. Mr. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to 

isieofMafl, Me. [Secketaky Conm'Ay.] 

V. 1, No. 46. jjj^g received his letter enclosing the Order in Coimcil relative 

to the pay of the peace officers. As Mr. Lutwidge, the Receiver 
General, is not at present in the Island, will upon his return inquire 
as to the directions he may have received upon that subject ; and 
when money is ordered for that purpose, those that are to be 
discharged shall ):>e immediately paid off. The commissions for 
tliose to be continued are made out, and lie ready to be delivered 
upon the discharge of the others.— Castleto\vn. 1 'p- 

30 Sept. 282. W. Bueke to the Advocate General. 
Law Officers Informing him and Mr. Crespigny that they will receive diroc- 

.^.°fyj !?'',';,<: tions from the Lord Chamberlain in regard to their attendance 
to-morrow. 



62-95, p. 108. 



[30 Sept.] 283. The Advocate General (Marriott) to Geneeal Con- 

Law Officers WAY. 

i^,"gj^\'us There .should be three sets of instruments, proxies, and attesta- 

' ' ' ' ' tions, and words of contract ; one set to be delivered to the Queen 
of Denmark, one to the Danish Ambassador for the King of Den- 
mark, and one to remain here. It will be also proper that there 
.should be a previous meeting between all the persons concerned in 
reading, an hour before the ceremony, finally to adjust any little 
matters of form, which, if not imderstood, will occasion a disagree- 
able and not very honom-able confusion. Has just now persuaded 
the King's proctor (who is very imwilling to appear otherwise than 
the heau gari^on) of the necessity of his wearing his proper habit. 
Hopes, if General Conway sees him, he will let him know he must 
do so. Desu-es to know where they shall meet General Conway 
before the ceremony. — " Southampton Street, Tuesday." 

2 Oct. 284. P. Stephens to [Richaijd] Sutton, Esq., Secretary to the 

Admiralty, Earl of Shelburne. 

N^'^-'s'a'b c With a letter and translation, received smce his return to 

England, by Capt. Harrison, late Commander-in-chief of H.M.'s sliips 
in the Mediterranean, from the Bashaw of Tripoli, relative to the 
behaviour of one Forbes, a person deputed by Mr. Frazer to act in 
the character of Consul in that state. 

P.S. — " This letter should properly have been adch-essed from 
the Board to the Earl of Shelburne himself, but there are not 
Lords enough in town to-day to compose one." 

The enclosures ; — the original having the Bashaw's signature 
roimd the seal. 5 5 jip. 

2 Oct. 285. Me. Seceetary Conway to the Duke of Maelboeough. 

Dom.EutryBk., His Majesty having received repeated advices of the riots and 
v.2j,i)p. 12-14. jiyQij^Ts committed in different parts of the county of Oxford, par- 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



1766. 



ticularly in the towTis of Oxford and Woodstock, and of the 
outrageous proceedings of the mob under pretence of distress from 
the high price of wheat and other provisions, — and there being- 
reason to think that, notwithstanding the steps taken by Govern- 
ment for removing these complaints and suppressing disorders, 
they have rather increased than diminished, and that the mobs 
have become daily more numerous and insolent from a want of 
strength or due exertion of the civil powers, — and H.M.'s troops 
being, in consequence of the numerous applications from a great 
variety of places, almost entirely disposed of in the neighbourhood 
of the places chiefly infested, — Mr. Conway acquaints his Grace 
with these particulars. The King, having the greatest confidence 
in his Grace's prudence, and his spirit and zeal for the public 
service, thinks that, from his weight and influence both as Lord 
Lieutenant of the county of Oxford and from his personal cliaracter 
and great property, the most essential service may be expected, — 
and as a want of activity in the use and exertion of the civil 
powers by the ordinary magistrate seems in many instances to be 
amongst the chief causes of these continued outrages, — His Majesty 
trusts that he will, by his authority and advice, give that vigour and 
energy to the exercise of the several powers of Government which 
may effectually tend to the suppression of this evil. — St. James's. 

A letter of the same date, and to the same effect, to the Earl of 
Berkeley, refeiring to the county of Gloucester. 

The following notice is entered immediately after the above : — 
" A letter to Mr. Dallaway, of Oct. 7th, ought to have been 
entered here, but the draught will be found amongst the domestick 
letters in the little press by the fire-place in Mi-. Eraser's )-oom." 

3 Oct. 286. P. Stephens to [Richard] Sutton, Esq. 

Admiralty, Sending an extract from a letter from Vice-Admiral Pye, Com- 

No'^ag a^'b mander-in-chief of H.M.'s ships at Bai-badoes and the Leeward 
Lslands, representing that those Islands were greatly alarmed on 
the arrival of the French squadron under Prince Montbazon 
[Chevalier de Rohan], and that it was apprehended they had 
landed a large quantity of stores at Martinico. 
The enclosure, o^pj)- 

3 Oct. 287. Royal Marriage. 
(iicuiLu- Bk., Circular from Mr. Secretary Conway announcing the performance 

,Gi-sG, p. 60. ^^ ^1^^ ceremony of the espousal of H.R.H. the Princess Caroline 
Mathilda with the King of Denmark, the Duke of York standing 
proxy ; and the embarkation of Her Majesty the day before. 
[Finds that it has not been usual to send a formal notification 
on these occasions till after the final ceremonial has been con- 
cluded, yet] he would not omit giving information of this happy 
event. Sent to Sir J. Yorke, Mr. Langlois, Sir G. Macartney, 
Messrs. Gunning, Stanliope, and Cressener, Sir A. Mitchell, 
Mr. Wroughton, Sir J. Goodi-icke, and Mr. Greville. 

The part between brackets was omitted to those who had no letter 

F 2 



84 CALENDAR OF 

17G(3. 

of notification to deliver, viz., Messrs. Title}-, Woodford, Swallow, 
Matliias, Wolters, Wallace, Correy, Gordon, and Fenwick, Gov. 
Wood, Lord Justice Clerk, and Lord Geo. Beauclerck. 

7 Oct. 288. iLiEQUESs of Lorne to Mr. Secretary Co>rwAT. 
Scotland, With congratulations on the good news of the Queen's having 

V.25, No. 14.). }j(,Q^-^ happily delivered of a Prmcess. — Edinburgh. 1 p. 

8 Oct. 289. Earl of Shelburxe to W.m. Henry Lytteltox, Es(|. 
Bom.EutiyBk., Directing him to attend at the levee at St. James's on Friday 

v. 24, p. 119. next, to kiss His Majesty's hand on his appointment as Envoy 
Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary " to the Court of his Most 
Faithful Majesty."— Whitehall. 

8 Oct. 290. The Same to the Postmaster General. 

Doin. Entry P.k.,- Jjas appointed Lauchlin Macleane and Maurice Morgan, Esqs., 
V.24, i>. 119. Under Secretaries in his office, jointly with Messrs. Sutton and 
Morin, His Majesty having conferred an employment in America 
on Mr. Roberts, late one of the Under Secretaries in the Southern 
Department. Desiring that they may enjoy the privileges of free 
postage. — Whitehall. 

8 Oct, 291. Marquess of Lorne to Mr. Secretary Conway. 
Scotland, Returning his sincerest congratulations on the occasion of the 

V. 25, No. 14G. espousal of H.R.H. Princess Caroline Matilda with the King of 
Denmark by proxy. — Edinburgh. 1 p. 

10 Oct. 292. Commodore Spry to the Earl of Shelburne. 

Aamiralty, Enclosing a copy of his letter to the Emperor of Morroco, written 

'■'■^■^''' to inform him of the commission lie bore, a duplicate of his letter 

°' "" ^ '" ■ to his Lordship, and his orders to Capt. Cosby to endeavour to stop 

the Emjieror's Ambassador from proceeding to England ; with an 

extract from a letter from Capt. Cosljy, from Cadiz, stating that the 

Ambassador had sailed. Enclosing also a translation of the answer 

of his Imperial Majestj-, brought l)y Mr. Popham ; in consequence 

of which he, the Commodore, will jiroceed immediately to Tetuan 

to treat with the Alcaide of that place, whom the Emperor has 

nominated for that puri)ose. In case he finds it necessary, wiU go 

to the Court of Mequinez, and treat with the Emperor in person. — 

" Jersey in Gibraltar Bay." 

The enclosures, except the duplicate. 11 pp- or jMrts of ])p- 
There is also another copy of the letter of Jas. Deze to Joseph 
Popham, Esq., previously referred to as an enclosure (17 h) to the 
letter of Commodore Spry of 26 Aug. 17G6. (See No. 2.55.) 

10 Oct. 293. P. Stephens to Richard Sutton, Esq. 
Dcm. Oeo.lll., Relating to the transport of a detachment consisting of the 
V. 3, No. 76 a, b. jj^iij^'iier of officers and men mentioned in the enclosed return who 
are to be sent to Senegal. — Admiralty Office. 
The return. l\ pp. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 85 



1760. 
10 Oct. 294. Me. Secretary Conway to Sir Arji. Woodhou.se, Bart., 
Dom. Entn-Rk., and C'harle.s de Grey, E,sq. 

"••-''P-^- Their letter being immediately laid before the King he was 

pleased to order that the contents of it .should be communicated to 
the Lord Chancellor, and if his Lordship thinks it advisable that a 
special commission should issue for the trial of these disturbers 
of the public peace, their application shall meet with the readiest 
compliance. — St. James's. 

Like letters sent to Harbord Harbord and Edward Bacon, Esqs. 

10 Oct. 295. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to Mr. [Secre- 

IsIcofSIan, TARY CoXWAY]. 

v.]. No. 4,. jj^^ received his letters giving the joyful account of Her 

Majesty's happy delivery of a Princess, and signifying the espou.sal 
of the Princess Caroline Matilda witli the King of Denmark. 
Immediately communicated them to the Lord Bi.shop of the Isle, 
&c. In obedience to directions, has numbered this letter, and 
will continue so to "do, — a method he always followed witli tl)e 
Loi'ds Proprietors. — Castletown. No. 1. 1 ^). 

10 Oct. 296. Right Hon. Arthur Earl of Anglesey, &c. 

Tetitions, A second petition for a writ of sunnnons. *SVe under 7 Juno 

1765-84, p. 43. ^f this year. (No. 17:1) 

Referred tiD the Attorney General, 10 Oct. 

11 Oct. 297. Earl of Sherburne to Ma.tor Genl. Gage. 
ICom.-iu-chiff, Announcing the birth of the Princess, and ofteriug congratulations 

^' '' ^' ^" on the espou.sal of H.R.H. the Princess Mathilda to his Danish 
Majesty. Desiring him also to conform to the regulations of 
numbering his letters. — Whitehall. No. 1. 

11 Oct. 298. P. M. MoRiN to Mr. Potts. 
Dom.EntryBk., Enclosing a maj) of Connecticut, transmitted l)y the Governor, 



120. 



to be laid before the Postmaster General. 



13 Oct. 299. Consul of Algiers. 

Dom^Geo. III., Copy of a letter from the Dey and Divan of Algier to His 
pc . ,s, . 0. o2. ;Majesty in favour of Robert Kirke, Esq., Consul of Algier. 2 'pp. 

14 Oct. 300. Earl of Shelburne to the Mayor of Leicester. 
Dom.EntryBk., In consequence of the general accounts from Leicester of the 

V. 24, p. 122. 1-iotous disposition in the town and neighbourhood, and of the 
commitment of several persons on account thereof, desiring him to 
send up the several examinations of the per.sons so committed, 
taken upon oath, fixing the crimes of each ofl'ender accurately and 
circumstantially, in orcler that they may be laid before the Kino- 
—Whitehall. 

A like letter sent to the Mayor.s of Gloucciler, Oxford, and 
Nottingham, at the same time. 



86 CALENDAR OF 



1766. 

15 Oct. 301. Mb. Secretary Conway to the Mayor of Nottingham. 
Dom. Entry Bk., To the same effect as the preceding. 

V. 2a, p. 7. pg — jj^ consequence of his, the Mayor's, letter of the 3rd, and 

of Mr. Hornbuckle's, the necessary orders were immediately sent 
to the War Office. 

A letter of similar purport, and of the same date, to Wm. 
Dallaway, Esq., Sheriff of Gloucestershire. 

1.5 Oct. 302. The Same to H. Harbord and E. Bacon, Esqs. 

Dom.Entrj-Bk., jjas received their letter of the 11th, enclosing the petition of 

V. 2.5, pp. 8-9. ^j^g Mayor and Magistrates of Noi-wich to His Majesty, together 

with copies of the informations taken, relative to the persons under 

confinement, and will not fail to send the earliest of His Majesty's 

pleasure thereon. 

Similar letter to P. Finch, Esq., Deputy Clerk of the Peace for 
the county of Norfolk, acknowledging the ])etition of the Justices of 
the Peace of that county, and the depositions annexed. 

16 Oct. 303. Greeks at Minorca. 

Dom.^^Geo. III., A paper headed " Species factum." It is a memorial on behalf 
pc . (8, ^0.53. p^ ^jjg Greeks at IVIinorca, representing the persecutions they have 
suffered from the Roman Catholics there. They complain that the 
Roman Catholics hindered for many years the building of the 
Greek church ; that they tried to deprive them of their salt-works ; 
that they endeavoured to ruin Mr. Blakeney, the Lieut. Governor, 
who pi'otected them ; and that at the taking of the Island by the 
French all the Greeks were banished, and their property seized. 
They ask that a sentence by which their rents for houses occupied 
by the French were confiscated, pronounced against them, in the 
absence of the Lieut. Governor, by the Judge, who, they say, had 
for a long time been gained over by the Catholics, should be 
revoked. They also ask for a continuation of the pension which 
was granted to Theodore Alexiano, Principal of the Greeks, but 
discontinued in 1703, and for pi'otection from the persecution of 
their irreconcilable enemies. {French.) 4 pp. 

17 Oct. 304. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of the Admiralty. 
Admiralty, Signifying His Majesty's pleasure that the artillery officers and 

NoraoamisL men, with women and children, going to Senegal, should have a 
passage on board the vessel intended to lie as a floating battery 
witliin the bar of Senegal. — Whitehall. A draft. \\ j^p. 

Draft of another letter, ordering the vessel to proceed ^vithout 
delay, f ^). 

17 Oct. 305. The Same t(5 the Governor of Guernsey. 

ClKmndl^-lands, Sending' a copy of a complaint received from M. Durand, the 

Frencli Ministi'r; for information as to the circumstances of the 

casL', and wlictlior the cargo was bought up by the magistracy on 

His Majesty's account, or how the purchase was made. — Whitehall. 

The reply from John Mylne, Lieutenant Governor, to the effect 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 87 



1766. 

that the corn was not purchased on account of His Majesty, 
but as set forth in the enclosed certiiicate of the Lieutenant-Bailiff 
and Jurates of the Island. 

The enclosure. (French.) The "Benjamin," Captain Pierre 
Martin, bound for Brest, laden with corn, was detained, and the 
com appropriated on account of the dearth in the Island. 

[Lord Shelburne's letter and its enclosure are also entered in 
Channel Islands Entry Booh, 17G1-98, p. 13.] 

17 Oct. 306. Mr. Secretary Conway to Lord le Despexcer. 
Dom.^EntryBk., jg gj^^^j ^q £q(| q^^^ i]^q disturbances apprehended at Aylesbury 
V. -■>, p. . i^i^yQ not come to any head. In regard to the paper sent, takes the 
liberty of returning it ; and as it seems a matter to be determined 
upon merely from a knowledge of the situation of things at the 
place, his Lordship and the other gentlemen can best judge whether 
the circumstances may make it now prudent or necessary to take 
notice of such a paper. If he should judge it proper, he (Mr. Con- 
way) will very readily apply to His Majesty for a promise of 
pardon to the person who discovers the writer, together with the 
offer of a reward. — St. James's. 

17 Oct. 307. The Same to Sir W. Codrixgton. 
Dom.^Entry Bk., jg obliged for the observations he sent upon the riotous proceed- 
"'^' P' '^' ings of his county, — now, it is to be hoped, subsiding, — and for the 
paper enclosed. Agi-ees entirely with him that there is a very 
unjustifiable licence in that kind of publication, yet does not sec 
how it can be prevented. It ought certainly to be discouraged ; 
and possibly, if the gentlemen of the county in concert would 
attend to it, the law might afford means of punishing the jjrinter 
for his impudence, to call it no worse ; but nothing can be done 
from any other quarter. 

20 Oct. 308. Lords of the Admiralty to the Earl of SHELBrRXE. 

Admiralty, ^ ^ frigate of Sallee, ha\'ing on board an Ambassador from the 

pc . 00, ^ o Emperor of Morocco, who has been forty-tlu-ee days at sea, and 

bound for Portsmouth, which is, by contrary -^x-inds, driven into 

Plymouth. 1 ^). 

20 Oct. 309. Samuel Garbett to William Burke, Esq. 
^oj"-^Geo. III., Thanks him for his esteemed favour relative to Groves, Craghill, 
'' " '^ ••'•'■ and Johnson, who have settled in the Austrian dominions. Not- 
withstanding all his disappointments, has not lost his inclination 
to preserve the trade of the coimtry, and will put his neighbours 
on the watch. He sometimes blushes when he sees his conduct in 
this particular has the appearance of knight errantry, though he has 
several times succeeded to his satisfaction. Is delighted with the 
attention Genl. Conway and he (Mr. Burke) give to this threaten- 
ing evil. Gives the names of some of the men employed by one 
Cabman, who hath erected an iron foundry in the Enghsh manner, 
and hath a consideraljle work for curing of herrings. If Sir John 
Goodricke would send to Gothenburg, many English artists would 



8S CALENDAR OF 



lie found tliere. If such as did not return on being served with 
notice Avere outlawed, ami their outlawry pubh.shcd in the papers, 
it -would surely intimidate others. — Birmingham. 2 pp. 

22 Oct. 310. Mu. Secretary Conway to the Hox. Robert Herbert. 
D(.i:-.Ki!iijl!k., Desires him to transmit an account of the extent of Epping 

V. L'.., p. iij. Forest and Endfield Chace respectively, specifying the number of 
acres they contain ; as also of such grants from the Crown, rights 
of common, or other rights whatsoever, as are now subsisting 
thereon, as far as can be ascertained. — St. James's. 
" Reported Oct. 24." 

2o Oct. 311. Lords of the Admiralty to the Eael of Shelburne. 

Adniii;iity, Enclosing a copy of a letter from Commodore Pallisser, dated 

K "^ti \^h c '^^^^^ °^ ^^^^ month, from Newfoundland, giving an account that the 

information he had received of several vessels being seen on that 

coast proves to be without foundation, and that the fishery has 

been carried on with perfect tranquillity. 

The enclosure, and a copj' of a letter sent therewith, from 
Commodore Pallisser to Mous. Dangeau, Governor of St. Pierre, 
sending a permit for him to send boats, &c. to save the cargo and 
material of a French vessel wi-ecked upon the coast. He also adds 
that the Governor was quite right in understanding by his (the 
Achnkal's) letter that he thought they had no right to fish to the 
eastward of St. Pierre and Miquelon. 3 pp. and 2 halves. 

23 Oct. 312. Samuel Garbett to Will. Burke, Esq. 
Pom. Geo. III., States what he has learnt about Thomas Groves, Craighill and 

Groves' nephew. One Joseph Adams, of Birmingham, will be at the 
"White Horse Inn, in Friday Street, Cheapside, London, on Wednes- 
day next, and make minute inquiries how this affair was transacted, 
and will be very hearty in giving any intelligence he may procure. 
States the proper time for a messenger to meet him. Will next 
post lay before the Duke of Grafton particulars of the means he 
has taken to prevent plate iron being imported as unmanufactured, 
an evil miu-li iiK-rcasing. Will also acquaint him that at a little 
port [til" ( ',u I'.'ii < 'ompany] have in a manner created in Scotland, 
hehas pnniuscd tn -ive the Custom-house officers 100/. a year certain, 
as a present, over and above all fees that they are entitled to by 
Act of Parliament upon their ships, and which they refuse to accept, 
insisting on his paying the arbitrary fees they had by their own 
power imposed upon little shippers before the Company came into 
the country, and which never amounted at this port to 51. a year. 
Indeed, has for some years acquiesced in paying what they said 
was customary, and to the amount of a larger sum than lie now 
offers, but this he did as a stranger desirous of avoiding quarrels. 
But as their trade is increasing, these arbitrary though customary 
fees will amount to an enormous perquisite, such as was never 
known in Scotland, nor, he believes, in England. What aggravates 
the imposition is, that it is laid upon articles that are either the 
jiroduct or manufacture of the neighbourhood. Will lay before his 



pul. 78,Ko. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 89 



■2i Oct. 


)om.EntrvBk. 


v.25,p.l6. 



Grace tlio cam.Iid inet]io:ls he has ta'voii to avoiil complaining to 
the Treasiuy. 

Lord Rockingham spent an hour or two here on Sunday, and 
advised him to apply to the Duke of Grafton on the subject of 
plate iron, and gave assurance that if he had the opportunity he 
Avuuld very heartily promote the design. — Birmingham. 3 pp. 

313. Mr. Secretary Conway to Robie Swax, Esq., Mayor, 
and the Aldermex of Nottingham. 
Has received their letter and the informations contained therein. 
Hopes that the good etfects of the prudent measures pursued by 
the civil power, assisted by the activity and good conduct of the 
mibtary (whom they are pleased to mention in a manner that 
does that service much honour), will be evident, and that the peace 
of the county is perfectly restored. — St. James's. 

2.5 Oct. 314. Samuel Garbett to William Burke, Esq. 
Dom^Guo. III., Gives particulars of what he has learnt about C'otterell, the 
'"^ ' "^'^ °""' seducer of the workmen who have gone abroad, and about Groves, 

one of these workmen. Suggests that, if possible, Gotterell should 

be secured. — Birmingham. '2h pp. 

2-5 Oct. 315. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Hon. Robert Herbert. 
Dom. EutryBk., Has I'eceived his report relative to the extent and otlier pro- 
^ ■ ■^' ''" ' ■ jierties of Epi^ing Forest, by which he finds the country jiroperly 
so called is but a walk within the forest of Waltham, which also 
contains " eights " of other walks. De.sires him, therefore, to suj^ply 
the fullest and most detailed account of each of those walks, as 
far as the information of his office can go ; also an account of any 
other chase or forest, by whatever denomination, that is contiguous 
or near to Enfield Chase or Waltham Forest. — St. James's. 

2.5 Oct. 316. The Same to Lord Strange, Chancellor of the Duchy of 

Dom. EntryBk., Lancaster. 

, '*'■ ~''' P' ^*' Asks him to transmit an account of such grants of lands, offices, 

or franchises in Epping Forest and Entield Chase respectively 
as have been made by the Crown, ami are now subsisting and 
enrolled in the Duchy Court. 

27 Oct. 317. James Coutts to Mr. Secretary Conway. 

Scotland, _ Sends the address of the city of Edinburgh, and Ijegs him to 

V.25, No. 147. ^^T^^ j.j^g gj^.gj. oppoi-tunity of presenting it to His Majesty. Cannot 
help expressing his mortification in not being able to do so him- 
self, but he is unfortunatelj' confined to the house by a sprained 
knee.— The Strand. 1 p. 

28 Oct. 318. Mu. Secretary Conv>-ay to William Delaway, Esq. 
Doin.EntiyT.k., Has regularly received his letters containing the information 

V. 25, p. 18. against the rioters in the gaols of the county of Gloucester ; and in 
returning his thanks for his (Mr. Dela way's) punctuality in inform- 
ing him of the steps taken to restore the [leacc of the count}-, ha; a 



90 CALENDAR OF 



veiy particular satisfaction in observing that they have had the 
desired eti'ect, - which, indeed, was contirmed by Lord Bottetourt. 
Being very sensible that the additional number of sessions for the 
trials of the rioters must occasion an extraordinaiy expense to him 
as High Sheriff, will take the earliest opportunity of representing 
it in the proper manner. 

28 Oct. 319. William Burke to Edmuxd Baeha:*!, Esq., Agent for 
Lett.Bk., See's, the Packet Boats at Dover. 

i/66-7i,p. 1. YoY information whether a Mr. Forster has lately come over 

fi'om Calais or Ostend m any of the packet boats. He is a clergy- 
man, and comes from Russia ; and if he is not ah-eady arrived, 
Mr. Barham is to take particular care that he does not pass 
unobserved, and to send an account by express when he arrives, 
and, if possible, where he comes to, if he comes to London, or 
where he goes to, if he takes another road. — St. James's. 

A similar letter to James Clements, Esq., to know if Mr. Forster 
had come over in any of the packet boats from Helvoetsluys. 

29 Oct. 320. SA3IUEL Gaebett to "William Bxjeke, Esq. 

Dora. Geo. III., Asks whether his letters of the 23rd and 25th inst. have come 
^"^ ■ ' " ' "■ ■ to hand. The encroachments that are making in various ways 
by foreigners on our manufactures, the fraudulent tricks practising 
in our o^^ti country which bring our articles into disi-epute, the 
little, very Mttle, attention given by Administration to support our 
manufactures, afford a very mortifying prospect to such as himself 
who see the gi'ound which is being lost daily. Would rejoice to 
hear of a committee of warmhearted men being formed to take 
into consideration the state of British manufactm'es for exportation. 
Till that is done there is little chance of anj'thing effectual being 
done for their support at foreign markets. There would then be an 
evident place for men of real business, who cannot lose much time 
in attendance, kc, to give intelligence and make application. 
Siu'ely a set of gentlemen coidd be found in Parliament who would 
give some attention to a point of such importance. If manufac- 
tiu-ers .should believe our legislators are so far lost to the public, 
common prudence may .soon influence the most judicious to accept 
(if not seek for) the advantages they may obtain by leaving Britain. 
It .shocks him to view what passes in his mind on this subject. 
— Birmingham. 2 pl^. 

31 Oct. 321. Mr. Secretary Coxway to the High Sheriff of Warwick. 
Dom. Entry Bk., Great complaints being made that the .sale of cheese from his 
V. 2.5, p. lu. ^^^ j,j_jg neighbouring counties, and particidarly the transport 
of it down the Trent for the London market, is almost, if not 
enth-ely, stopped by means of the opposition given thereto by the 
populace, and of the apprehensions the dealers are under on that 
account, desires him to transmit the fullest account of the state of 
this matter in his coimty, and that he will, in conjunction with 
the other magistrates there, by ail means in his po\\-er, ]>rovide an 
effectual remedy against the evil. — St. James's. 



HOME OFFICE PAVERS. 91 



1766. 

Like letter, mutatis mutandis, of the same date, was sent to 
the High Sherifls of Nottingham, Leicester, Stafford, and Derby. 
The last two answered 8th Nov. 

31 Oct. 322. Lord Willoughby of Paeham. 



Petitions, 
1765-84, p. 47 



Petition of Hemy Willoughby, Esq., for a writ of summons to 
Parliament as Lord Willoughby of Parham. 
Referred to the Attorney General, 31 Oct. 

[?Oct.l766.] 323. Francis Garbett to W. Burke, Esq. 

Dom^ Geo. III., Has this minute received his obliging note, and has written 

pel. 78, No. 59. ^^ desired to his father. But surely it was unnecessary, as he, 

Mr. Burke, has on so many occasions shown his regard for him. 

Adams is not yet come to towTi. 

P.S. — Always receives copies from his father of every material 

letter he wi-ites. 1 j). 

[About Oct. 324. The Same to the Same. 

1766.] ^^Yi\l send to Adams to be at the White Horse in Friday Street, at 

Dom. Geo. III., 8 o'clock on Thursday evening. Would have had great pleasure 
•"^ ■ ^ ' "' ■ in attending himself if his presence could have been of the least 
use, but he can't suppose it will. 1 />. 

31 Oct. and 325. Jas. Montague to Lord Shelburne. 

1 ^ "3^ • Giving his ideas of the reasons of the high price of corn and 

Dom. Geo. III., other pi-ovisions, and some probable method to prevent it, —a 
^"^ ' ' ^ °' ' matter to which his thoughts have been much turned since he 
waited on his Lordship at Boughwood. 

Considei-s that the boimty on the exportation of com, which 
when fii'st settled had certainly a good effect, should be dis- 
continued, as great abuses had been committed. While corn is at 
such a price that it is not entitled to the bounty, yet vast quan- 
tities are eagerly caught up and exported. The ingrossing of farms 
is another cause of the evil. A farmer who rents 1,000Z. per 
annum is master of all the markets within reach. A few of these 
will, by withholding their corn, raise the price at any time to 
what pitch they please. Though he would not debar a man from 
extending his business and advancing himself by aU fair and 
honest means, yet he should not be allowed to do this by oppres- 
sion, and at the cost and hazard of the community, to which he is 
as much obliged by their consumption as they are by his industr}-. 
Every rank and degree in the community is obliged byaU the ties 
of society to help every other, and therefore no hardship is put upon 
any part of it, if, by a penal law, this mutual assistance is enforced. 
Wheat now sells at Chippenham market at 9.s. the bushel. This 
is not owing to scarcity, there being at least as much corn grown 
this year as last, but to confederacy. He himself sent to market 
for a quarter of wheat, and though there were many loads there, 
and it was soon after the market bell rang, wherever his agent 
applied, the answer Avas " 'Tis sold." So that, though 'tis too true, 
to avoid the penalty of the law, they bring it to market, yet the 



92 CALENDAR OF 

1700. 

liargain is made before, and the market is but a farce ; which if 
l)ennitted to be acted, his Lordship and he must think themselves 
much obliged to the miller if he will let them have bread for their 
families at his own price. This confederacy then miist be broken. 
Has heard many farmers say, and it is in the mouth of them all, 
that if they could be sure of never having less than 5s. a bushel 
for wheat, they would not desire more, and that would content the 
])0or. It is impossible to limit the price of provisions, but, at the 
same time, it would be no haidship to oblige the farmer, when com 
is above a certain stated price, to bring it to market. Suggests heads 
of a law for this purpose, the intention of them being to put a stop 
to forestalling ; to create a distrust between the confedei-ates, — the 
only way to break the confederacy ; to ascertain the price of com ; 
to ])ut a stop to ingrossing and other Ijad ]iractices of the miller; 
and to prevent the farmer from witliliiildiiiL;- Lis corn in order to 
raise the price. He proposes, among otlur tilings, that while every 
sale must be made in the open market, the cleric of the market 
should enter in a book all sales of corn, with the names of the 
buyer and seller, the quantity sold, and the price per bushel. 

Something must be done, and that speedily, or he trembles to 
think of the consequences. Is certain that if the troops quartered 
in the county were to be removed, they would be in a much 
worse state than before their arrival. Winter coming on, com 
greatly advanced in price, manufactures dead, and labour scarce, 
how are the poor to live ? Does not wonder at their mutinous 
disposition when they see themselves oppressed with hunger in 
the midst of plenty. It is not only to corn, but to every article of 
food, that this evil has spread itself, and all owing to the infamous 
practices of jobbers, the most pestiferous vermin that ever infested 
the kingdom. — Dated Oct. 31. 

A postscript,- acknowlcdgmg a letter received, is dated Nov. 1. 
Qpp. 

1 Nov. 326. J. BuKXABY to [William] Bukke, Esq. 

Doni. Geo. III., Askmg for the return of a memorial and original letter annexed, 

pel. 78, No. (,-1. ^\Q^{-y-'mg an allowance for his journey home from Switzerland. 

The letter is necessary to prove the date of his revocation from 

Bern, and to be laid before the Treasury for his voucher. — Duke 

Street, Westminster. 2 pp. 

1 Nov. 327. The Ju.stices of the Peace for Surrey to [Mr. Secre- 

Dom.F.ntryBk., TARY C'oNWAY]. 

V. i.i, p. ai. Enquire whether the buying and selling of com. by .saiiiyilo in 

the jiublic market or elsewhere be punishable by law, and in what 
manner, and for instructions thereon. 

3 Nov. 328. Lords of the Apjiiralty to the Earl of Sheliiurne. 

Admiralty, Eelative to a complaint from Mons. Durand, the French lliiii.stor, 

pfl. hir-, coiiceining a French fishing vessel having been searclird and 

''' ■ pilundered, and her people ill-treated, by the crew of H.M.'s cutter 

" Swiil." Sending a coj^y of a letter fi'om Lieutenant Prittie in 

answer thereto. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 93 



176G. 

The enclosure. The Lieutenant excuse? the search on the 
ground of having suspected them of smuggling, denies tlie ill- 
treatment, and complains, in return, of the conduct of the French 
fishing vessels on the English coast. 5 pp. or parts of pp. 

3 Nov. 329. Samuel Garbett to William Burke, Esq. 

Pom^ Gfo. III., i^ extremely indebted to him for his much esteemed favour of 
pc . , , o. 03. Saturday's date. He never for a moment supposed a neglect on 
his, Mr. Burke's, part, but his impatience arose from an appre- 
hension of his letters miscarrying. Asks pardon for giving the 
name of Joseph Adams instead of Joseph Brown, and explains how 
the mistake arose. Expresses his satisfaction with the attention 
lately given by some eminent characters to the manufactures, and 
his sense of obligation to him, Mr. Burke, for his assistance and 
advice. — Birmingham. -1 pp. 

4 Nov. 330. ilR. Secretary Cdnway to the Surveyor General. 
Dom.EiitnBk., Returns thanks for the plan of Waltham Chase. Asks to l>e 

V. 2j, p. 2 . furnished with the names, boundaries, and extent of all ll.^l.'s 
forests, chases, and parks, specifying, as near as may be, ^v'hat 
quantity of laml they respectively contain. — St. James's. 

5 Nov. 331. Earl of Siielburxe to the Lords of Trade. 

Dom. (ieo. III., Directing them to draw u]i instructions for ^indrew " Synnner," 
^- '^' P- "• Esq., H.M.'s Agent in Turk's Islands. 

G Nov. 332. S. Garbett to W. Burke, Esq. 
Dom^ Geo. III., Finds that Jos. Brown twice saw the person who came to 
pel. , s, Ko. 64. L'ni|uire for Jos. Adams at the inn. It is vexatious. However, he 
could not learn anything material from Groves' brother, except 
that he knew Cotterell was concerned in the seduction. A jockey 
who had been with 20 horses to Vienna had told Groves that he 
had met his brother and the other two men ; that he had seen 
the house provided for them in Vienna, and beard great talk about 
them, and that many were expected. Brown says that, no doubt, 
many will go if they hear good accounts of the usage these meet 
with. Hopes it will be thought right to outlaw those that are 
gone. The trade hath a melancholy jirospect, and if somewhat is 
not soon done to prevent the encroachments that are constantly 
making by foreigners in various modes, the consequence may be 
very serious. — Birmingham. -1 pp. 

8 Nov. 333. Earl of Shelburxe to his Excellency the MoR(X'('o 

Dom. EiitryBk., AMBASSADOR. 

Upon receipt of his letter lost no time in obtaining an order of 
the King in Council to take the ship which brought him to 
Plymouth out of quarantine. Will forthwith send a coach down to 
convey him to London, and a proper person to attend him on the 
road. Cautions him not to tnist any person but such as shall 



T. 24, p. 123. 



94 CALENDAR OF 

ITGG. 

come properly authorized ; and desires him to give orders for his 
ship, with retinue and Laggage on hoard, to come round to Ports- 
mouth, or up the river to London. — Whitehall. 

10 Nov. 334. The Sasie to the Saaie. 
Doin.KBtryBk., Mr. Knight, who will present this letter, is the person appointed 



24, p. 1 



to attend his Exeelleney, and conduct him to London. 



12 Nov. 335. JosiAH Tucker, Dean of Gloucester, to the Eael of 

Dom. Geo. III., ShELBUENE. 

V. _, o. 2 . Recommending one William Swain for the vacancy among the 

four pensioners appointed by the constitution of the cathedral to 
he paid by the Dean and Chapter a stipend of about G?. each. The 
r'riAvii, at the giving of the statutes, reserved the nomination of 
tln'sc ]H'iisinners, who ought to be viri jxuvpertate gravati,vel hello 
'iKiitihiti, ol senio confecti, and whose duty consists in attending 
daily the Divine service of the church, and in sweeping and 
keL']iing it clean. They are immediately under the eye of the Dean, 
who is required by the statutes to mulct and even to expel them 
if thej^ behave amiss. 2 pjj. 

12 Nov. 336. Me. Secretaet Conway to the Justices of the Peace 

Doin.EutryBk., OF THE COUXTY OF SUEEEY. 

"' "'' ^ [Reply to the letter of 1 Nov.] Is sorry that it is not in his 

power to give any satisfaction in regard to the doubts they entertain 
concerning the extent of the laws for punishing the bad practices 
that are used to enhance the price of provisions ; but he is not, by 
his office, entitled to give an interpretation to the laws ; he can liy 
no means presume to take upon him so to do, nor can they, as 
he apprehends, want much better information than he is able to 
give on such an occasion. — St. James's. 

12 Nov. 337. The Same to Wm. Dallaway, Esq. 
Doni.EutrjBk., Has received his letter enclosing the continuation of the calendar 

V. 2o, p. 23. pf y^g rioters already committed, as also the incendiary pai)er 
herewith returned. It has most ]irobably been meant only to 
intimidate ; agrees, therefore, with Mr. DaUaway that it may be 
best to endeavour, by a secret enquiry, to discover the writer of it. 
If, however. Lord Ducie Morton, or himself should at any time 
think it advisable to have it printed in the Gazette, with a promise 
of i^ardon to the person who discovei-s the author, he will endeavour 
to obtain it. Some reward at the same time must be offered. 
The queries sent to him relative to the evidence contained in 
the examinations are for the information of the Attorney General. 
Mr. Conway will not fail to represent to the Secretary-at-War the 
necessity of letting the dragoons remain where they are ; but there 
has not hitherto been any intention to remove them. — St. James's. 

14 Nov. 338. Lords of the Admiealty to the Eael of Shelbuene. 
Admiralty, Xo know how four French sailors who have been brought home 

pel. 1.55, No. 35. j-j.^^j ^j^g ^^^g^. ^f Newfoundland by Capt. Hamilton, of H.M.'s sloop 
" Merlin," are to be disposed of 2 2U^- 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 95 



1766. 

19 Nov. 339. Edw. Stanley to William Burke, Esq. 

Dom^Gco. III., Asking that the King's pardon may be offered, ^vith a reward, 
pc./^, o.b . ^^^. ^iiggQygpy of accomplices concerned in the burglary at the 
Swansea Custom House. — Custom House. 1^ ^j^>. 

20 Nov. 340. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Hon. Mr. Herbert. 
Dom.Entrj-Bk., Jq the return there are some denominations without any par- 

^'''^' P' ^"'' ticulars of the extent, fcc, from whence he concludes that the office 
does not supply particidars of such places ; but begs to know for 
certain whether it does or not. — St. James's. 

24 Nov. 341. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to Mr. [Secre- 

IsleofMan, TARY CoNWAY]. 

V, i,No. 48. Has received his letter enclosing the King's .speech, &c. In a 

former letter mentioned his having continued the use of the 
chapel. Begs leave now further to observe (lest there should be 
a scheme of renting or purchasing that or the houses possessed 
by the Governor) how far it would be eligible fii-st to have them 
surveyed and reported on, as the tradesmen here say that no 
repaii's can make the dwelling-house sufficient or even habitable 
for any time. — Castletown. No. 2. Ip. 

2.5 Nov. 342. P. M. Morin to the Agent for the Packet-boats at 

Dom.EutiyBlc, DOVEE. 

V.24, II. 128. rpj^g gg^^.j q£ Rochford, H.M.'s Ambassador to the French King, 

intends to despatch a messenger every week from Pari.s, who will 
set out from thence on Thursdays, and deliver his Excellency's 
letters to the master of the packet at Calais, and wait there 
till the arrival of the packet from England with the Earl of 
Shelburne's. Directing the Agent to take a receipt fi-om the 
master of the packet at Dover for any packets or letters delivered 
to him there, and the master to do the like by the messenger 
awaitmg him at Calais. — Whitehall. 

28 Nov. 343. Grey Cooper to Williaji Burke, Esq. 
Dom. Geo. III., Sends a copy of a memorial from the Commissioners of the 
No'cz'a^'b Customs Concerning gangs of smugglers that frequently assemble 
■ ' ' " in the county of Devon. — Treasmy Chambers. 
The enclosure. 2| 2^P- 

2 Dec. 344. Invention. 
__ Petitions, Petition of William Blakey, of the parish of St. Mary le Bone, 

1,65-84, p. 51. jj^ ^j^g county of Middlesex, engineer, for the grant of letters 
patent for the sole making and vending in Scotland of a machine 
invented by him, working either by fii-e or fall of water, or both 
together, by which a third of force may be saved, to be applied to 
all sorts of mills. 

Referred to the Lord Advocate for Scotland. — 2 Dec. 



96 CALENDAR OF 



176G. 

5 Dec. 345. Ji iiix Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to Mr. [Secre- 

.slcofMnn, TAEY CoNWAY]. 

■''■■' Tliink.s it his duty to state that Mr. George Moore, Chairman 

of the Keys, has set out for London to solicit the Lords of the 
Treasury for indulgences in trade and encouragement of the 
manufactures of the Lsle. In his speech to tlie people upon taking 
possession in behalf of the Crown, he, the Governor, did, according 
to instructions, assure the people of His Majesty's inclinations to 
promote their happiness. The Keys have had their meetings to 
consult upon plans for employment of the poor people in the pre- 
sent exigency. But their ])ropositions ran so" much upon trade 
that he judged them foreign to the intention of Government when 
the jurisdictions of this Isle were purchased. Yet, upon finding 
their Chairman violently lient upon pursuing the measures they 
had adopted, he thought it expedient to acquaint him by letter 
that he understood the general sense of the people, as well as of 
several merchants, to be to confine their present application 
entirely to the internal advantages which the Isle might derive 
from a proper encouragement given to agriculture, manufactures, 
and fisheries. These Avere the objects he, the Governor, had 
always recommended, and to wdiich he promised his best support. 
He likewise intimated that the takmg off the duties upon Briti.sh 
manufactures imported into the Isle might probably be listened 
to. With respect to the articles of trade, his design was (without 
their privity) to have first laid them before Mr. Conway, to obtain 
directions how far they might be couirtenanced or discouraged. 
Mr. Moore by letter acknowledged that this plan corresponded 
with the sentiments of the gentlemen of the landed interest, but 
that the intended application had been set on foot and carried on 
by the merchants ; and though tlie apphcation should more pro- 
jierly be made by the Governor, yet as it had begun in another 
channel he could not now recede. 

The people have ever been, taught to believe that no public 
favours were granted but through the Governor, and that all 
]irderments and commissions Avithin the Isle, both in Church and 
State, w-erc obtained from him, or by his recommendation ; which 
enaliled him hapjnly to rule a people whose obedience he has 
experienced more from motives of regard than authority, and most 
jiarticularly in the late critical times, both before and after this 
Isle became vested in the Cl'own, when his peisonal interest 
and influence were of the greatest consequence in supporting 
him in the preservation of peace and good order. Submits to 
Mr. Conway how far these happy efiects may be looked for in 
case new avenues to power are laid open. Would not start difti- 
culties, but in case His Majesty extends any marks of royal favour 
or commerce to the poor people of the Isle, he suggests the 
propriety of their being communicated through him, who, in 
obedience to His Majesty's commands, had impressed the people 
with a sense of his royal inclination towards them. — Castletown, 
No. 3. 5 pp. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 97 



1766. 
10 Dec. 346. Authentication of Notarial Acts. 
Dom^Cieo.lll., Memorial of John Sta])le.s, of the Eoyal Exchange, London, 
pc./8, 0.69. p^IjUc notary, upon the advertisement in the public papers from 
the French Emba.ssy relative to the authentication of acts and 
deeds by the French Ambassador. 1 1 pp. 

The advertisement, cut out from a newspaper, is annexed to the 
memorial. 

10 Dec. 347. Invention. 

Dom.Geo. III., Report of the Attorney General upon the petition of James 

No''?') a^to c Parkinson, of the city of London, scrivener, and John Sherratt, of 

the same place, notary public, foi- a patent for their machine f<:>r 

making two or more copies of the same -writing at one and the 

same time. 

The petition and an affidavit, ^ih pp. 

11 Dec. 348. Earl of Shelburne to Major General Gage. 
Com.-iQ-ciiief, Signifying His Majestj^'s approbation of the disposition of the 
V.I, pp. 8-15. tj.Qopg^ The King was pleased to find quiet restored in Albany 

and Duchess county, and hoped that the punishment inflicted 
on some of the delinquents would have prevented any complaints 
for the future, but late accounts from Boston give room to think 
that the whole of this affair has not been transacted with the 
requisite prudence, it being feared that the Sheriff of Albany may 
have rather exceeded the bounds of discretion, if not his legal 
powers. It is to be hoped that the rights of the parties were well 
ascertained before the aid of the military was called in, for few 
exigencies can justify such a kind of decision. Since his last, has 
read more of the Major General's correspondence. Observes 
throughout his, the Commander-in-chiefs, conduct a diligent 
regard to the dignity of Government, tlie discipline of the army, 
and the felicity of H.M.'s American .subjects. 

The importance of North America and its commerce, the dis- 
connected state of the provinces, the particular interest of each, 
the general interest of the whole, the subordination to the mother 
country, the variety and extent of the service, and the management 
of Indian affairs, are points of such mighty importance that they 
demand not only the utmost attention at home, but also the utmost 
vigilance and prudence abroad. Acquaints him, therefore, with 
three very material points which are thought to require the 
deliberation of the King's servants : — 

1. A proper system for the management of the Indians, and foi- 
the carrying on the commerce with them on the most advantageous 
footing. 

2. The most eUgilile manner of disposing of the troops, as well 
for convenience as foi' offence and defence. 

3. A reduction of the contingent expenses of the establishment 
in North America, and the raising an American fund to defray 
American expenses in part or in the whole. 



98 CALENDAR OF 

1766, 

Directs him to pay the utmost attention to these three points, 
and from time to time to transmit such information and reilections 
as shall occur to him. 

In regard to the fii'st article, that of Indian aifairs, a plan tbrDied 
some time back has been under deliberation, which, having been 
transmitted to aU the Governors in Noith America, probably came 
binder the Commander-in-chief's notice. Many articles in it, 
however, appearing not so well calculated for the end proposed as 
could be wished, and several others being rather detrimental to it, 
there is a necessity either of reforming it or of substituting an- 
other. But his Lordship doubts whether any method of managing 
Indians can be foimd preferable to that of leaving the trade of each 
province to the particular care of that province, under some 
general rides and restrictions, to which all the provinces must be 
subject. The only province in which the above-mentioned plan 
has been tried is West Florida, and it has not been at all recom- 
mended thereby. 

A plan drawn up by Lord Barrington has been some time under 
consideration for quartering the troops. It is possible in the end 
that His Majesty may leave it to the Commander-in-chief's pru- 
dence and judgment. In any changes of the present disposition 
there may be occasion to make, regard is to be had to render the 
military as little burthensome to the inhabitants as possible, by 
disposing them preferably among the young colonies, where in 
many respects they must be considered as advantageous, than in 
the more settled colonies, except where they are wanted. 

The third article is of the greatest consequence. The forming 
an American fund to support the exigencies of Government, in the 
same manner as is done in Ireland, is what is so highly reason- 
able that it must take place sooner or later. The most obvious 
manner of laying a foundation for such a fund seems to be by 
taking proper care of the quit rents, and by turning the grants of 
land to real benefit, which might tend to increase rather than 
diminish the powers of Government. Very great abuses have 
taken place in both respects. Proper regulations for these pm-poses 
might be the means of preventing Indian disturbances for the 
future, which now in great measure arise from individuals possess- 
ing themselves of their lands without the knowledge of Govern- 
ment. It is far from His Majesty's intention that any rigom- 
should be exercised in respect of quit rents long due, but nothing 
can be more reasonable than that the proprietors of large tracts of 
land (which ought to have been cultivated long since) should either 
pay their quit rents punctually for the time to come, or relinquish 
their grants in favour of those who will. Desires the best infor- 
mation possible as to the manner of making out grants of land for 
the futm'e. 

Although the reduction of expense in America is a very necessaiy 
point, the Treasury do not wish to retrench any expense which 
can contribute to the advance of the country. Their intention is 
that no expense shall be spared which is really useful, but that none 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 99 



176G. 

shall be incuiTed which is not so. This can only be eflected by a 
thorough digest and judicious arrangement of the diflerent depart- 
ments in America. Every hint as to the best manner of suppress- 
ing smuggling will be attended to. 

By latest advices from West Florida, there is reason to fear that 
affairs are not so well managed with the Southern Indians as they 
might be. The King by no means approves the policy of foment- 
ing wars among the several Indian nations, and setting them at 
variance on every tiivial occasion, for if the Indians were once 
induced to look upon the English as their friends and protectors, 
and as the arbiters of their differences, we should find our account 
in it. The propriety of managing Indian affairs in the northern 
district by one superintendent only is obvious. Major Gorham is 
therefore to look for His Majesty's intentions to Sir W. Johnson, 
whose activity and integrity cannot be too much commended. 

Bequests the Commander-in-chief to allot a separate letter 
to eveiy separate subject. — Whitehall. " No. 2." 

11 Dec. 349. Sir Chas. Cotterell Dormer to Mr. Eraser. 
Doui. Ge<j. III., " Secretaries, charges des affaires," have certainly a right to a 
pc . , 8, o. / 2. 2^ resent if they have audiences of the King, which alone constitutes 
them foreign ministers. A person ordered to quit the kingdom, 
of whatever rank he is, is by that precluded from any kind of 
pretence to the present usually given to those of his rank. — 
Chesterfield Street. 1 p. 

11 Dec. 350. WiLLiAJi Burke to Rev. Mr. Marriott, at Dr. Marriott's, 
Lett. Bk.,Sec.'s, Doctors' Commons. 

Asking for information whether, when he was chaplain to the 
Factory at Gothenbourg, he notified to the British subjects employed 
by Mr. Cahman in the ironworks there, in the name of Sir John 
Gooch'icke, that if they did not retm-n to England they would be 
j^rosecuted according to law. — St. James's. 

351. Sir Charles Cottrell Dormer to Mr. Eraser. 

As to his questions about Coxmts Gyllenbourg and Wassenbourg, 
he must be totally mistaken as to dates. Imagines that Coimt 
Gyllenbourg was Minister here, and was afterwards seized in 
Holland and his papers sent over, in Charles the Twelfth of 
Sweden's time. At least it was on a supposition of a designed 
invasion of these kingdoms by him and the Czar Peter. Now the 
former was killed in 1718, the latter died in 172.5. However, is 
sure Count Gyllenbourg never had a present. Remembers Coimt 
Wassenbourg well, having introduced him himself. He died in 
1743, was never ordered to depart the kingdom, and his sister, 
after his death, received the present he would have had, had he 
taken leave. Assures him there is no such thing as giving presents 
to those who are cither ordered to go or depart, by order of their 
own Court, without taking leave. 1^ pp. 

g2 



i,p. :;. 



100 CALENDAR OF 



17GC. 
18 Dec. 352, Commodore Spry to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Admiralty, Giving an account of his proceedings with the Emperor of 

Ko ist' h Morocco. After certain ceremonial observances and visits, which 
engaged the whole of the 24th of October, finding that the Alcaide 
had only a very limited authority, he wrote to the Emperor 
requesting the appointment of some person with full powers, and 
entreating that the crew saved from the ship " Pitt," of Liverpool, 
which had been cast away just before his arrival, near Cape 
Bajador, might be delivei'ed to him ; at the same time acquainting 
the Emperor with the service which he had rendered to one of his 
ships of war which had put into Gibraltar bay in distress. On 
the IGth of November he received advices that his Imperial 
Majesty had ajipointed Sidi Abdallah Bumelsoe, a man of great 
weight and influence, to treat with liim, attended by Samuel 
Sumbel, a Jew, a man well acquainted with ti-ade and business, 
very sensible, much in the Emperor's esteem, and his Minister for 
transacting his business with foreign powers. Finally, on the 8th 
instant, the additional articles which he, the Commodore, encloses, 
were signed. By the first, he secured the release of the " Pitt's " 
crew. By the second, finding on his an-ival that Mr. Popham had 
been re-established in his consulate, and that his Imperial Majesty 
had apologised for his ill-treatment of him, the Commodore had 
only to settle matters so as to prevent any such proceedings for 
the future. These articles were agreed to without the least alter- 
. cation, but he met with great difficulty in obtaining the third. 
This they positively refused to grant, alleging that his Imperial 
Majesty had an undoubted right to establish what regulations he 
pleased in his own dominions, Ijut it was obtained by a threat of 
leaving, and by some money and presents well disposed. By this, 
though he could not prevail with them to lessen the present 
duties, which have been many years established, he has prevented 
any future augmentation, has eflfectually destroyed the monopoly 
which the Spaniards have been endeavouring to accomplish by 
theii- peace, and has amply provided for the refreshment of H.M.'s 
ships, before restricted to a certain quantity. Ho has also obtained 
for H.M.'s subjects the jn-eference in every new branch of com- 
mei'ce, which may probably he advantageous, as the Emperor's 
thoughts are entirely turned on accumulating money ; for which 
jDurpose he is encouraging trade in all his ports, and removing 
whole villages at a time from the inland country to the sea coasts, 
which are but thinly inhabited. And, lastly, he has destroj-ed 
the private agreement between the Spaniards and the Emperor, 
which stipulates that they shall be allowed to export cattle from 
the port of Laraeho at a nuich lower duty than British subjects 
pay at Tetuan and Tangicrs. For those jjrivileges the Spaniards 
jiaid a very great sum of money. As soon as the articles were 
signed he delivered His Majesty's present, and received a letter 
from his Imperial Majesty to tlie King, which he encloses. The 
sum of l.OOOL is, he fears, scarcely sufficient to defray all expenses. 
— Gibraltar. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 101 



176G. 

The additional articles, in English and Arabic. 24 pp. or 'parts 
of pp. 

IGDec. 353. William Bceke to Mr. Burxaby. 
Le^tt.Bk. See's., Would have answered his letter sooner, but waited for the 

''*'■■ result of the enquii'ie.s Gen. Conway ordered to be made on the 
l)oints contained in his memorial. It has been found an invariable 
rule never to give presents to ministers who are ordered to depart 
without taking a formal leave ; and as it appears by Lord Harting- 
ton's letter to him of the SOth June 1741 that he was directed to 
do .so, the General thinks he eaimot make a demand of this sort 
in his, Mr. Burnaby's, favour. Mr. Burke wishes he could make 
a satisfactory answer to the other point in his memorial, viz., the 
ill-usage he met with in the long detention of his baggage, and the 
high duties exacted from him, founded upon an obsolete law not 
enforced on other foi-eign ministers contemporaries of his at the 
court of Stockholm ; but the General fears that the King would 
not, at so great distance of time, make this the object of a nego- 
tiation. If any recompense is proper on this head, it would seem 
that it ought to be from his o^vn Court, and to have been settled 
on his return home. Did he make the demand at that or any 
other time, and what were the oljections then made to it ? — 
St. James's. 

17 Dec. 354, George Lookup. 

^I'etitions, A second petition for a ■)!(>?( prosequi to be entered upon the 

' ''■ ■ second indictment preferred against him by Sir Thomas Frederick. 
(See former petition, 2nd Sept., No. 2G2.) Represents fiu-ther that 
Sir Thomas would have comiiounded the ofl'ence, and proposed terms 
of accommodation, by which he would have reaped a considerable 
private advantage, but the petitioner rejected his proposals. 
Referred to the Attorney General, 17 Dec. 

17 Dec. 355. Invention. 
_retitions. Petition of John Downes, of the parish of St. Leonard, Shore- 

' ■>- . P- ^. ditch, in the county of Middlesex, watchmaker, for letters patent 
for the sole making and vending for 1 4 years in England, &c., of 
instruments on any principles or constructions whatever for 
deepening clock and watch wheels by measuring or gauging 
them. 

Referred to the Attorney or Solicitor General, 17 Dec. 

19 Dee. 356. Mr. Secretary Conway to Mr. Dallaway. 
Dom.EutryBk., -Win not fail at the proper time to mention to the rest of His 

^' '^' ^' ' Majesty's servant.s the application he proposes, after the commission 
is ended, for H.M.'s act of grace or general pardon, which, for the 
reasons given, will probably have a good effect in encouraging 
persons to return to their several callings. The proper time for 
obtaining an allowance on account of the extraordinary expense 
incurred in the execution of his office will be when his exjjenses 
are regularly laid Ijefore a Master in Chancery. 



102 CALENDAR OF 



17G0. 
19 Doc. 357. The Same to the Attorney General. 
Law Officers Enclo.se.s ail extract from a letter from Sir Joseph Yorke, H.M.'.s 

i76'-97p\o9 Amliassador Extraortliuary at the Hague, as also the case of Capt. 
Davis therein referred to, for his opinion what directions may be 
proper to be given to his Excellency in regard to the unhappy 
situation of Capt. Davies, and whether a commission of kmacy can 
be legally executed abroad, &c. — St. James's. 

2G Dec. 358. The Sajie to Mr. Ju.stice Gould. 
Dom.EntiyBk., The enclosed letter from Mr. Sheriff Harvey will explain the 
V. .J, p[i. -o- . Jif]Jculty he is in. Is informed that it is doubtful whether the 
commission mider which he lately acted in the trials of the rioters 
is not so totally expired as that there is no longer any power or 
authority vested in him to appoint the day of execution. Desu-es 
his opinion upon this head, as also what method seems the properest, 
in the present situation of things, in regard to the unhappy persons 
Long and Hall, or when it was His Majesty's intention that the 
law should take its coiu-se. — St. James's. 

The enclosure entered ; from the Sherifl' of Norfolk to Mi-. Nut- 
hall, Solicitor to the Treasury. States that the Judge fixed no 
time in the calendar for the execution of any of the prisoners 
condemned, and [in the respite] no mention is made of Long 
and Hall. 



Entry Bk., 



2G Dec. 359. The S.uie to the Attorney General. 
Law Officers Encloses a paper received from a gentleman who styles him- 

self Sir Richard Perrott, setting forth his claim to the dig-nity of a 
Baronet, although his ancestors, for the reasons therein contained, 
did not take out the patent under the Great Seal, or even obtain 
the Sign Manual from the King. At the same time, in two votes 
(enclosed) of the House of Commons, when the gentleman was in 
Parliament, he has the title of Sir Richard Perrott. He now asks 
His Majesty to grant him a warrant of rank and jjrecedence as a 
Baronet fi-om 1st JiJy 171C, when the dignity was first intended 
to be granted to his uncle, James Perrott. Desires the Attorney 
General to state liis opinion, and, in case he shall see no reasons 
against complying ^^^th the request, to prepare a warrant for the 
purpose. 

The followmg is also entered : — " Admiral Cornwall, when he 
" sailed to the Mediterranean, had it given him in charge, in con- 
" junction with James Perrott, Esq. by George the Fii-st, to redeem 
" all British subjects who should be found in slaveiy in the Barbary 
" States. They expended on that expedition a much larger sum 
" than ever they received, and often solicited the balance m the 
" King's lifetime ; and afterwards the late King, who, while at 
" Hanover, to make them some return for their sei-vices and losses, 
" created them Baronets with precedency from the 1st July 1716 ; 
" but, though promised the patent at the expense of the Cro^vn, 
" found, on their application here for theii- warrants, before they 
" could obtain them with the limitation as stipulated, (viz., that of 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 103 



1766. 

" the Admiral, in default of heii's male, to his relation Sir Robt. de 
" Cornwall, late member of Leominster, and his heirs male, and 
"^that of James Perrott, in default, to his nephew Richard Perrott, 
" son of his brother Richard Perrott, and his heirs male,) it would 
" cost them a considerable sum, and, unwilling to expend a further 
" sum, they never was taken out ; yet the Admu-al and James 
" Perrott bore the title to their deaths ; and the Admiral's 
" successor, Sir Robt. do Cornwall, was elected member for 
" Leominster under that title, but on a rumom' that it woidd 
" be deemed a false return, no person being to be foimd of that 
" name and distinction, he applied to the late Duke of Grafton, 
" his friend, who undertook to obtain a Sign Manual from the 
" late King before the sitting of the House, a copy of which you 
" have here subjoyn'd, which the Duke carried to the King, who 
" signed it. The validity of the election, when that was known, 
" was never disputed. After the death of Sii- Jas. Perrott, his 
" nephew Richard, according to the intention of the limitation, 
" was reputed the Baronet, and bore the title ever since ; and in 
" the dispute in the House of Commons, which commenced on the 
" 4th day of March 17G1, with Charles Fitzi-oy Scudmore, Esq., 
" was therein treated, stiled, and reputed Sir Richard Perrott." 

80 Dec. 360. Commodore Spry to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Adinirait)^, Relative to Mr. Sampson, who was ajipointed to oiiiciate as 

'^ °-- ■ Consul at Algiers in the absence of Mi-. Kirke, and who has com- 
municated to the Commodore some letters received from some 
private correspondents, informing him of his removal from that 
employ. Expressing a high opinion of his qualifications for that 
service, and of his personal character, and recommending him for 
re-uistatement in this, or appointment to some other, considate. — 
Gibraltar. 2| j^p. 

80 Dec. 361. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom. Geo. III., Referring to them the petition of Madame la Marquise de 

V. d, p. . Rigaud do Vaudreuil, on behalf of her husband and herself, with 

the papers on which they found their right. Sending 'also an 
extract from Gen. Gage's last letter touching the inexpediency of 
admitting this and other similar French claims. The coirespon- 
dence of the Governors of New York and Quebec contains argu- 
ments to the same purport. — Whitehall. 

30 Doe. 362. Richard Sutton to Philip Sharpe and Thomas Chet- 
Dom.EutryBk., HAJVI, Esqs., Clerks of the Cheque. 

V.24, p. ii29. -p^^. ^j^^ futm-e the appointment and management of H.M.'s 

messengers are to belong entirely to both H.M.'s Principal Secre- 
taries of State. Desiring them to transmit copies of all warrants 
and forms used for these purposes, with every information they 
may think the Earl of Shelburue should be apprised of in relation 
thereto.— Whitehall. 



104 CALENDAR OF 



17GG. 

30 Dec. 363. The Same to the Clerk of the Council in waiting. 
Dom.EiitryE!;., Sending an extract from a letter from Mr. Murray, H.M.'s Am- 

U4, p. 130. iiassador at Constantinople, so far as relates to the plague. — 
Whitehall. 

31 Dec. 364. Invention. 

Dom.Geo. HI., Report of the Attorney General upon the petition of John 

No''74 a^t'o c Hopkins, of the city of London, druggist, and others, praying a 
patent for a medicine invented by them, called " Beaum de Vie." 
The petition and an affidavit. .5^ pp. 

[? Dec] 365. Authentication of Notarial Acts. 
Dom^Gco. HI., Memorial of John Mason, and others, public notaries of the city 
pc . /8, 1 o.,j. p£ Lqj-,|-|qq^ fQ^. themselves and the rest of the notaries of England, 
stating their grievance in consequence of the advertisement from 
the French Ambassador giving notice that he would authenticate 
no acts but such as were passcl before Messrs. Bonnet and Ogier. 
— 1 larrje shed. 

[?Al:)Out Dec. 366. " A letter to his Excellency the Right Honourable the Earl 
17GG.] of Shelburne. By Solomon Schomberg, public notary." It relates 

nom. Geo. III., to the Same subject as the preceding entry. 7 /p- of ^y int. 

pel. 79, No. i>-2. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 105 



1766. 



T ABLE S. 



January to December. 



367. Appointments, fre. 



Appointments, Nominations, and Approbations of Elections to various 
otticcs by the King. 



Name. ', 


Office, S;c. j 


Date. 


Page- 


In Church Book, 1761-78. 








Eomilly, Kev. John - 


One of the ministers of the French church 
in Thre.iclneedle St. (, Approbation.) 


13 March - 


8G 


In Church Book {Scotland), 


761-84. 






Hamilton, Dr. Robert - 


Dean of the Order of 'the Thistle and Dean 
of the Chapel Koyal in Scotland. 


25 June - 


105 


In Warrant Book, vol. 31, 17 


5.5-69. 






Panton, Thomas, Ksq., vice 
Charles Duke of Urafton, 
deed. 


Sole Master of the game for 12 miles round 
Newmarket. 


24 Jan. - 


30 


Rockingham, Charles Marquis 


High Steward of the town or borough of 
Kingston-upon-HuU. 


7 April - 


56 


Crespiguy, Philip Champion, 
Esq., vice Thomas Tyndall, 
Esq., deed. 


H. M.'s Procurator in the Courts of the Eccle- 
siastical and Civil Law. 


20 Sept. - 


113 


Marlborough, George Duke of 

[A certificate of election 
Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 


High Steward of the corporation of New- 
Woodstock, in the co. of Oxford. (Appro- 
bation.) 
s also entered ; for original of which, see Dom. 
51.] 


15 Oct. 


120 


Stanhope, John, ofHorsforth, in 
the CO. of York, Esq., vice 
Robert Eoper, Esq. 


Recorder of the borough of Doueaster, in the 
West Riding of York. (Approbation.) 


2 Dec. - 


124 



106 



CALENDAR OF 



1766. 

368. Appoixtmexts. 
Warrants to swear in and admit the several persons below to their offices. 



To whom rtirecte 



Person appointed. 



Date. 



Page. 



In JVarrant Booh, vol. 31. 








Captain of tlie Band 
of Pensioners 
(Earl of Lichfield). 


Desse, William, Esq. - 


Clerk of the Cheque to the 
Band of Pensioners. 


-Aug. - 


102 


Steward of the 
Household (Earl 
Talbot). 


Hertford, Francis Earl 
of. 


Master of the Horse 


27 Sept. - 


115 


Vice - Chamberlain 
of the Household 
(Viscount VUliers). 


Do. Do. 


Chamberlain of the Household 


29 Nov. - 


123 


In J1'((rrant Booh; 


■ol. 32. 








Steward of the 
Household. 


Ancaster and Kesteven, 
Peregrine Duke of. 


Master of the Horse - 


13 Dec. - 


64 



369. Army, &c. Commissions. 

Appointments, in the form of Commissions, of a somewhat special character. 

*^ Commissions granted in 1766 to officers in the army, chaplains, &c., are to be 
found in the series of Military Entry Books, vols. 27 and 28. Also the Military Com- 
missions granted in Ireland in this year will he found m King's Letter Book, vol. 12; 
and Letters from the Lonl Lieutenant, containing recommendations for the same, in 
Ireland, vol. 430 ; and approhations of these recommendations in Ireland Entry Book, 
1761-70. As Army Lists puhlished by permission of the Secretary-at-War exist ibr this 
period, the Commissions, &.c. are not here more particularly described. 



Appointment, &c 



In Military Entry Book, vol. 27. 



Agnew, Alexander, 

Cockran, Esq., deed. 

Howard, Lieut.-Genl. George, 
vice Sir Richard Lyttleton. 

Godolphin, Lord, vice Francis 
Earl Godolphin, deed. 

Carleton, Guy, Esq. 



Maxwell, John, Esq. 



Gamble, Thomas, Esq. 



Deputy Judge Advocate and Clerk of the 
Courts-martial in North Britain. 



Governor of the Island of Min 



Do. of Island of Scilly, otherwise Sully, othe 
ivise Sorlingues. 



ieut. Governor of the town of tiucbec, in the 
province of Quebec, in America. 



Assistant Deputy Quartermas 
the forces in North America 



In Military Entry Book, vol. 28. 



Honeywood, Philip, Esq., Lieut. 
General, vice Henry Pulteney, 



Mompessou, Col. John 



Governor and Captain of the town of 
Kingston-upon-HuU. 

Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Wight 



18 „ 
1 6 May 
2.5 June 

4 July 
18 Dec. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



107 



1766. 



). Army, &c. Cojimissions— co«f. 



Appointmeut, &e. 



Page. 



In KiiKfs Letter Booh, vol. 1 


2. 






VallaDcey, Charles, Esq. 


Director of Engineers upon the Establislmieut 
of the Office of Onlnance in Irehmd : to 
rank as Major of Foot. 




"^^ 


Jarratt, Thomas, Esq. 


Engineer in ordinary on the same : to rank 
as Captain of Foot. 


„ „ - 


89 


Shewbridjro, Thomas, Gent. - 


Engineer extraordinary upon the same : to 
rank as Lieutenant of Foot. 


„ „ - 


9U 


Nash, Matthew, Gent. - 


A practitioner Engineer on the same : to rank 
as Ensign of Foot. 


" - 


91 



370. Church. Appointments, &c. {Sec also Ireland and Scotland.) 

Warrants, counter.signecl by one of the Secretaries of State, and addressed to the 
Clerk of the Signet attending, for the preparation of Bill.s for the 
Royal signature to pass the Great Seal or the Privy Seal. 

*^* Where an election to a bishopric is concerned, a letter recorameiidatory is also 
directed to be prepared. 



Nature of the Bill. 



Date. 



Page. 



In Chiirck Booh, 1760-66, — to pass the Great Seal. 

Dcring, Heneage, M.A., vice \ Grantof the place, &c. of Canon ofCanterbury 
Dr. George Seeker. Cathedral. 

Hinchcliffe, John, D.D., vice : Presentation to the Vicarage of Greenwich, in 
Dr. Samuel Squire, Bishop of the co. of Kent and diocese of Rochester. 

St. David's, deed. | 

III Church Book, 1761-78,— to pass the Great Seat. 

SejTBOur, Francis, clerk, (com- Grant of the place, &c. of Dean of .Wells 
monly called Lord Francis 
Seymour,) vice Dr. Samuel 
Creswicke, deed. 

Hurdis, Thomas, M.A., vice 
Lord Francis Seymour. 

Carjl, Lyndford, D.D., vice 
Dr. John Davis, deed. 

Constable, Thomas, clerk, B.A., 
vice William Tomlinson, deed. 



Lowth, Robert, D.D. - 

St. David's, Robert Bishop of 



Do. of Prebendary of the free chapel of St. 
George in Windsor Castle. 



Do. of Canon of Canterbury 



Presentation to the rectory of Sigglcsthorpc, 
otherwise Sigglesthorne, in the co. and 
diocese of York. 

A conge d'elire — empowering them to elect a 
Bishop in place of Dr. Samuel Squire, deed. 
Robert Lowth, D.D., recommended. 

Royal assent to his election to the bishopric 
of St. David's. 

Grant and restitution of the temporalities of 
the see. 



7 Apri 
9 May 



108 

1766. 



CALENDAR OF 



370. Church. Appointments, &c. — cont. 



Congi.' d'Olire — empoweriiif; them to elect a 
Bishop of that see, vice Dr. John Thomas, 
deed. Dr. John Hume, Bishop of Oxford, 
ided. 



Deau and Chapter of SaUsbury ■ 



Oxford, John Bishop of 



Hume, Dr. John, Bishop of 
SaUsbury. 

Dean and Chapter of Christ 
Church in the University of 
Oxford. 



Lowth, Dr. Robert, Bishop of : Koyal assent to his election to the bishopric 
St. Da^-id's. I of Oxford. 



Royal assent to his election to the bishopric 
of Salisbury. 

Grant and restitution of the temporalities of 
the see. 

Conge d'elire — empowering them to elect a 
Bishop of that see. Dr. Robert Lowth, 
Bishop of St. David's, recommended. 



Oxford, Robert Bishop of 



Grant and restitution of the 
the see. 



7 „ 
10 Oct. 



Precentor and Chapter of St. I Conge d'elire — empowering them to elect a 
David's. j Bishop. Charles Moss, D.D., recommended. 

Gary, Briggs, clerk. " Not j Presentation to the vicarage of Terrington, in 
used:" — margin. ' the co. of Norfolk and diocese of Norwich. 

Moss, Charles, D.D. - - Royal assent to his election to bishopric of 

St. David's. 

Powell, William Samuel, D.D., | Presentation to the archdeaconry of Col- 
lect' Dr. Charles Moss. I Chester, founded in St. Paul's Cathedral, 
London. 

St. David's, Charles Bishop of - | Grant and restitution of the temporalities of 
I the see. 



Potter, John, D.D., one of the 
King's Chaplains in ordinary-, 
vice Dr. William Friend, deed. 

Gascoigne, Wade, clerk, LL.B. 



Durell, David, D.D., 
John Potter. 



Presentation to the Deanery of Canterbury 



In JVarrant Book, vol. 31, 1765-69, — to pass the Frivij Seal. 

Chatham, Earl of. Lord Privv I Allowance in lieu of the ancient diet 
Seal. " I 

In Petition, 1 765-84, — as a Kole to a Petition or Pceonimcndation. 
Spurlock, John 



Jones, Peter, of the city of | Do. of the same in Chester Cathedral - 
Chester, journeyman tobacco- | 



27 Feb. 
1-2 Aug 



HOME OFB^ICE PAPERS. 



109 



17G6. 



371. Chupx'h. Letters Recomjiendatory. 
Letters Reco.\diendatory to Deaxs and Chapters, kc. 



In Slffiict Office, vol. 23, 1765-70. 

Lowtli, Robert, D.D., vice Di\ Samuel Squire, 
deed. 



Salisbury 

Oxford 

St. Paul's, Londou 

St. Dai'id's 



Hume, Dr. .lohn, Bishop of Oxford, vice Dr. ] 14 Aug. 
Johu Thomas. | 

Lowth, Dr. Robert, Bishop of St. David's, ' 16 Sept. 
vice Dr. Hume. I 

Lichfield and Coventry, Frederick Bishop of, j 29 „ 
to be Dean of St. Paul's, vice Dr. Hume, 
Bishop of SaUsbury. 

Moss, Charles, D.D., vice Dr. Robert Louth - 28 Oct. 



372. Church. Miscellaneous. 

Miscellaneous Warrants and Letters, countersigned or signed by one of the 
Secretaries of State, connected witli Church and University Affairs, &c. 



To whom directed. 


Nature of Warrant or Letter. 


Date. 


Page 


Li Church Book, 1729-82. 










Spence, Joseph, Prebendary of Durham, 
dispensation with statutable residence of, 
turns of preaching only excepted. 


21 Aug. - 




Ill Church Book, 17(i()-66. 




••To all" - - . - 


Farrant, Charles, D.D., Dean of Peterborouiih 
and one of the Prebendaries of Bristol,— 
dispensation for five years mththe residence 
of, as Prebendary, to enable him to attend 
on his deanery. 


■1 Jan. 


143 


Lord High Almoner 


Ringelman, Mary, reconnuended to be one of 
the .Maundy women. 


26 Feb. - 


145 


Dean and Chapter of St. Paul, 
London. 


Seeker, George, D.D., to bo elect.d Canon 
Residentiary of St. Paul's, London, vice 
Dr. John Taylor, deed. 


7 April - 


145 


Bishop of Salisbury 


Smart, Christopher, to have a Poor Knight's 
place in St. George's Chapel, Windsor. 


22 „ - 


147 


" To all "... 
In Church Booh, 1761-78. 


Moore, Dr., one of the Prebendaries of Dur- 
ham, dispensation with whole residence of, 
for two years. 


" " " 


147 


Ricliard Bishop of London 


A collection to be made for the poor - 


17 Feb. - 


83 


Lord Mayor of London 


Do. Do. 


„ „ 


83 


Archbishop of York 


Silvester, Sarah, recommended to be one of 
the Maundy women. 


lU March - 


80 



110 



CALENDAR OF 



1766. 



372. Chukch. Miscellaneous — cont. 



To -n-hom directed. 



Nature of Warrant or Letter. 



Page. 



Vice-chancellor of the Un 
^■ersity of Cambridge. 



[Do. 



Do.] 



Ai'chbifhoji ol Canterbury 



;ierk of the Signet attending 



President and Chapter of St. 
Paul's, London. 



Archbishop of Canterbury 



Hurdis, Thomas, M.A., of Clare Hall in the 
University of Cambridge, and Canon of 
Windsor, to be admitted to the degree of 
Doctor in Divinity. 

Foster, John, M.A., late Fellow of King's 
College in the University of Cambridge, 
and Master of Eton School, to have the 
same degree. [Ineligible for want of suf- 
ficient standing.] 

St. Da%-id's, Robert Bishop of,— His Grace to 
grant his dispensation to, to hold in com- 
mendam the eighth prebend of Durham, and 
the rectory of Sedgefield, in the co. and 
diocese of Durham. 

Malet, Alexander, clerk, M.A., Prebendary 
of Gloucester ; dispensation mth residence 
of, whenever the smallpox shall break out 
in the city, or any sickness or infirmity 
shall happen to him. 

To prepare a letter for the King's signature, 
directed to the Bishop of London and the 
President and Chapter of St. Paul, London, 
recommending the Bishop of Lichfield and 
Coventry to be chosen Dean of St. Paul's, 
rice Dr. Hume, late Bishop of Oxford. 

Lichfield and Coventry, Frederick Bishop 
of, recommended as above. 

To grant his dispensation to the same to hold 
in commendam the deanery of St. Paul, 
London, the prebend or eanonry of Weld- 
land, otherwise Wyldland, otherwise Wylder- 
land, and the residentiaryship in the same. 

Oxford, Robert Bishop elect, — similar dispen- 
sation to, to hold in commendam the eighth 
prebend in Durham Cathedral, and the 
rectory of Sedgefield, in the co. and diocese 
of Durham. 

St. David's, Charles Bishop elect of, to hold 
in commendam the eanonry of Husberme 
and Burbach in the Cathedral of Sarum, 
and the rectory of St. George, Hanover 
Square, in the Uberty of Westminster and 
diocese of London. 

Beckington, Ann, recommended for the royal 
bounty at the ensuing Christmas Day. 
[Her petition also.] 



In King's Letter Book, vol. 12, 1765-76. 



Trinity College, near Dublin, 

Provost and Senior Fellows of. 

[This is also entered in 

Siiincl Office, vol.23, p. 185.] 



Palmer, Patrick, barrister-at-law, dispen- 
sation in his favour with the two years' 
pleading at the Bar, necessary for eligibility 
for election to the professorship of Common 
and Feudal Law in the College. 



11 Sept. 



10 Nov. 
27 Sept. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



Ill 



1766. 



373. Creations. (See also Ireland.) 



Warrants, countersigned by one of the Secretaries of State, and addressed to 
the Attorney General, to prepare Bills for the King's signature to pass 
the Great Seal, containino- Grants of Dignities in Great Britain. 



Style and Title or Dignity. 



Ill JVarrant Booh, vol. 30, 1760-66. 

Corni.sh, Samuel, of Sliarn- Baronet 
brooke, in the co. of Bedford, 
Ksq., Vice-Admiral of the 
Blue. 



//( JVarrant Book, vol. 31, 176.3-69. 
Biirrel, Merrick, of West Grin- 
sted Park, in the co. of Sus- 
sex, Esq. 

Cheerc, Sir Henry, of the city 
of Westminster, Kiit. 



Andrews, Joseph, of Sh 
the CO. of Berks, Esq. 



Pitt, AVilliam, Esq. 



Ligonicr, John Viscount, of the 
kingdom of Ireland, and Lord 
Ligonier, Baron of Ripley, 
in the co. of Surrey, in the 
kingdom of Great Britain. 

Do. do. 

Nortliumberlaud, Hugh Earl of 

n.U.U. Prince Henry Frederick 



Campbell, John, Esq., (com- 
monly called Marquis of 
Lome,) mth remainder, in 
default of heirs male, to 
his brother Lord Frederick 
Campbell. 

Champueys, Thomas, of Or- 
chardly, in the co. of Somer- 
set, Esq. 

In Warrant Book, vol. 32, 1 
Pringle, John, of Pall Mall, in 
the parish>f St. James, West- 
minster, Doctor of Physic. 



Viscount Pitt of Burton-Pynsent in the co. of 
Somerset, and Earl of Chatham in the co. 
of Kent. 

Viscoimt Chertsey in the co. of Surrey, and 
Earl Ligonier. " Cancell'd and not used." 



Earl Ligonier ... 

Earl Percy and Duke (^f Northumbei land 



Jlarijuis of Monthermer and Duke of Montagu 



ii „ 
IG Dec. 



112 



CALENDAR OF 



17GG. 


373. Creations— co«^. 






Kamo. 


Style and Title or Dignity. 


Date. 


Page. 


East, William, of Hall Place, in 
the CO. of Berks, Esq. 


A Baronet .... 


22 May - 


19 


Thomas, George, of Yaptou 
Place, in the co. of Sussex, 
Esq., Governor of the Lee- 
ward Islands. 


Do. .... 


28 Aug. - 


3 a 


Mavnard, Charles Lord, Baron 
of Little Eastou, or Kaston ad 
Turrim, in the co. of Essex. 


Baron of Much Easton, othenvise Easton ad 
Montem, in the co. of Essex, and Viscount 
Maynard of Easton Lodge in the said 
county, with remainder, in default of male 
heirs, to Sir William Maynard, of Waltons 
iu the said county, Bart. 


1 1 Oct. - 


51 


Wolff, Jacob, of Townhill. in 
the CO. of Southampton, Esq. 


A Baronet - . - - . 




52 



374, Crlminals. Petitions. 
Petitions iu favour of Crlminals, aud from Criminals convicted. 



From whom. 


Name of Convict. Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where 
tried or 
confined. 


Olijcct 
Petition. 


Date. 


Page 


In Criminal Fapcrs, vol. 12, 1766-70. 












Alves, Tliomas, a 
Jamaica mer- 
chant and planter. 


Innes, George, a 1 StcaliuK - 
native of HugKlcy 
in Bengal. 1 


7 years 
transjm. 


Old Bailey 


Pardon, the 
potilioner of- 
fering to take 
llim to Ja- 
maica. 


— Oct. 


43 


In Criminal Pa 


icrs, Scotch, volA, 1762-86. 












The convict - 


Douglas, David, Horsc-slcalins - 
tinman, of co. of 
Durham. 


Death - 


Jedburgh 


Pardon, on 
condition of 
trauspn. 


10 


50 
615 



375. Criminals. Letters to Judges. 

Letters addressed to the Judges, k.c., for report to be made on the Cf 
Criminals convicted. 



! ! 

Name of Judge. , Name of Convict. ; Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried or 
confined. 


1 
Date. 


p.... 


//( Criminal Papers, vol. 10, 1760-66. 










Chairman and Paxton, William , - 


7 years trans|.n. 


Durham 


27 Jan. 


323 


Justices of the 










Peace. 1 










Mr. Justice Gould , ilitehelson, James Stealing 


Transportation 


Newcastle - 


15 Feb. 


325 


or Yates. | ' 










Kecorder of Lon- j Barlow, William Highway rob- 


Death 


Newgate 


7 Mar. 


330 


don. 1 1 bery. 











HOME OFFICE PAPEUS. 



113 



1766. 


375. Criminals. Letters to Judges — cont. 






Name of Judge. 


Name of Convict. 


1 

i Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried or 
confined. 


Jd... 

1 


1 
Page 


Mr. Baron Adams 


Kelsey, John - 


Higl™-ay rob- 
1 berv. 


Death 


Ayle.bury - 


l.SJIar 


332 


Mr. Justice Wilmn 
or Jlr. Ikuon 
I'errott. 


Evans 


„;. . 


Do. 


Gloucester - 


-'2 „ 


335 














Jlr. Baron Adams 


Parish, John - 


Bur-lary 


Do. 


Thetford 


-" .. 


33(5 


Mr. Justice Wilmot 


Israel, Moses - 


Pocketpicking 


Do. 


Shrewsbury - 


TApr 


338 


Mr. Baron Perrott 


Bould, John 


Burglarv and 
felony. 


Do. 


Stafford 




340 


Mr. Recorder - 


Holies, Vincent - 


Not staled - 


Transportation 


Old Bailey - 


S „ 


342 


Mr. Baron Perrott 


RatelifF, Charles - 


Not staled - 


Do. 


Stafford 




342 


Mr. Justice Gould 


Lamprey, Thomas 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Death 


Taunton 


10 „ 


345 


Mr. Recorder - 1 


Ricbards.Frederick 
Donelly, John - 


1 Not st.itcd - 


Transportation 


Old Bailey - 


2S „ 


35G 


In Criminal Pap 


■rs, vol. 11, 1761-67. 










Mr. Recorder - 


Scott, Robert 


Robbery 


Death 


Newgate 


2 Jan. 


261 


Lord Camden & / 
Baron Adams 1 


Jones, Ro£;er 
Howard, Samuel 


1 Highway rob- 
1 bery. 


Do. 


Aylesbury - 


lujiar. 


272 


Mr. Baron Perrott 


Guy, John 


Stealing 


Transportation 


Gloucester - 


^» M 


275 


Mr. Recorder - 


Jones, John 


Not stated - 


Not stated - 


Newgate 


13Jun. 


278 


Do. 


Ranger, Isabella 


Do. 


Transportation 


Do. 


IJuly 


296 


Do. 


Smith, Thomas - 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Not sentenced 


Do. 


10 „ 


307 


Mr. Justice Gould 


Oatridge, James - 


Killing sheep 


Death - 


New Sarum - 


25 „ 


310 


Lord Mansfield - 


Trail, Mr. 




Not stated - 




12 Aug 


311 


Mr. Justice Clive 


Moore, William, 
the elder. 


Horse-stealing 




Co. of Surrey 


25 „ 


313 


Mr. Justice Aston 


Osbourn, Moses - 


[Do.] - 


[Death] - 


[Stafford] - 


51 Dec, 


319 


In Criminal Papi 


rs, vol. 12, 1766-70. 










Mr. Justice Gould 


Paradise, Francis, 
the younger. 


Stealing 


Death 


New Sarum - 


GJuly 


^ 


Mr. JustieeYates | 


Yong, Robert - 
Weeks, John - 


1 Robbery - 


Do. 


Southampton 




3 


Mr. Justice AVilraot 


Hazell, John - 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Do. 


Now Sarum - 


5 „ 


5 


Mr. Recorder - 


Elliot, Robert - 


Buying stolen 
coals. 


Transportation 


Newgale 


,. ). 


5 


Mr. Justice Batb- 


Low, Maiv 


Not stated 


Death 


Durham 


5 Aug. 


12 


urst. 















114 



CALENDAR OF 



1766. 


375. Criminals. Letters to Judges- 


—cmt. 






Name of Jud^e. , Name of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried or 
confined. 


Date. 


P^ige. 


Lord Mansfield 
and Mr. Jus- 
tice Clive. 


Coates, Francis, 
Peachey.sonof. 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Death - 


Guildford - 


8 Aug. 


I5& 


Mr. Justice Clive 
or Mr. Baron 
Smythe. 


Watkins, Walter 


Sheep-stealing 


Transportation 


Maidstone - 


" " 


18 


Chairman of the 


Andrews, John - 


Stealing 


Do. 


Guildford - 




19 


Sessions. 














Lord Mansfield - 


Card, Peter 


Felony - - 


Death 


Horsham 




21 


Mr. Justice Clive 


Moore, William - 


Hor>e-stealiDg 


Do. 


Guildford - 




26 


Mr. Justice Gould 
or :\Ii-. Justice 
Aston. 


Rogers, Thomas - 


Do. 


Do. 


Stafford 


5 Sep 


34 


Mr. Baron Adams 


Holmes, John - 


Stealing 


Transportation 


Northampton 


,. 


36 


Mr. Baron Pen-ott 


Bodily, John Pur- 
fect. 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Do. for 14 
years. 


Stafford 


15 „ 


37 


Mr. Kecorder - 


Inness, George - 


Stealing - 


Transport;ition 


Old Bailey - 


22 Oct 


42 


Do. 


GriflSths, William 


Burglary 


Death 


Newgate - 


lONov 


44 


"Mr. Judge Per- 
rott and Aston." 


Ecland, Daniel ■ 


[Riot] 


Do. 


[Co. of Berks] 


ITDec 


47 


In Criminal Papers, Scotch, vol. 1 


, 1762-86. 










Lord Justice Clerk 


Keith, WilUam - 
Watt, Helen 


j Murder 


Do. 


Aberdeen - 


20 Sep 


47 


Do. 


Douglas, David - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Jedburgh 


15 Oct 


49 


Do. 


Haddow, James - 


Housebreaking 
and robbery. 


Do. 


Air 


29 „ 


57 



376. Crimixals. Reports. 
Reports and Certificates of the Judges on the Cases of Criminals. 



Na.ne 

of 
J,KlL-e. 


Name 
Cr.m^^nal. 


Crime. 


Sen- 
tence. 


■miere 
tried or 
conlined. 


Condition 

of 
Pardon. 


Remarks. 


Date. 


.. 


In Dom. I 

Sir T. Cla- 
vering, 
Chairman 
of the 
Sessions. 


7eo.in.pc 

late ol East 
Ord, in CO. 
of Durham , 
Teoman. 


/. 78. 

Petit larccn.v 


7 5TS. 

transpn 


Durham - 




The ship had sailed with 
the convict before the 
Judge received the order 
to report. Annexed is a 
petition from the prisoner 
and a certificate in his 

ber of freeholders, &c. 


31 Jan. 


a,b. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



115 



1766. 




376. Criminals. Eepoets — cont. 




Name 

of 
Judse. 


Name 
of 


Crime. 


Sen- 
tence. 


■Where 
tried or 
confined. 


Con^^tion 
Pardon. 


Remarks. 


Date. 


No 


Goukin. - 


Tracey, John 

HoirSu- 

sannah. 


Highway 
■ robbery. 


[Death] 


Lancaster 


Transpn. 


Some favourable circum- 


1- 


S 


Do. 


Sudders, Ro- 
bert (witli 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 




Adams. 
Ricliard. 


Parish, John 


Biirsrlary 


Do. 


Thetford - 




The prisoner having lived 
a servant in the house, the 
Judge on the trial 
thought it of too danger- 
ous exami.le for him to 
interpose. 


.... 


15 


^^^' 


Evans, Tho- 
mas. 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Do. 


Gloucester 




Not au object of mercy - 


5 April 


16 


Do. 


Gny. John - 


Privately steal- 
inginaware- 


Trans- 
portn. 


Do. 


Free - 


The Judge (lid not think 
it a case where he should 
interpose to prevent a 
pardon. 


„ ,. 


17 


Wilmot, 
Eardley. 


Israel, Moses 


Stealing from 
the person. 


[Death] 


Co. of Salop 


Transpn. 

forU 

years. 


A proliable first offence, ic. 


9 


20 


Mr. E«- 

?James 
Byre). 


Hollis, Vin- 
cent. 


Steahng 


7 yrs. 
transpn 


Xewgate - 




Not a proper object of 
mercy. 


]•■! 


23 


GoiddH. - 


Lamprey, 
Thomas. 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Death 


Co. of 
Somerset. 




The facts are fully stated. 
Annexed is a petition in 
piisoner's favour with six 
signatures. 


1* 


iCh 


Perrotl, 
Geo. 


Bould, John 


Breaking into 
a honsc in the 
daytime. 


Do. 


Stafford - 




Not an object of mercy. 
An Act which has for its 
ol-pject tlie protection of 
the industrious poor ought 
not to be a dead letter, 
and transportation in the 
case of common offenders 
had almost ceased to be a 
pimishment. 


16 


24 


Do. 


Ratcliff, 
Charles. 


Receiving 
stolen goods. 


Trans- 
portu. 


Do. 


Free - 


Youth of prisoner and pre- 
vious good character. 


18 „ 


25 


Mr. Re- 
corder 
(Eyre). 


Richards, 
Frederick. 


Stealing 


7 yrs. 
transpn 


Newgate - 




Not a proper object of 
mercy. 


11 June 


33 


Do. 


Donolcy, 
John. 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 




Do. 




34 


Do. 


HilUlitch, 
William. 

Price, John - 


Sheep-stealing 
Burglary - 


Death 
Do. 


Chester - 
Co. of Flint 


Do. 


Favourable circumstances, 
&c. 

Do. 


•4 July 

J 


37 


Do. 


Cambell, 
Charles. 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 




Adams, 
Eichd. 


Bassett, 


Burglary 


[Do.] 


Bedford - 




Not a proper object of 
mercy. 




76 



H 2 



116 

1760. 



CALENDAR OF 



377- Criminals. Pardons, &c. (See also Scotland.) 

Warrants and Letters relating to Criminals convicted, being Pardons, 
Respites, &c. 



Nature 
of Document. 


Name of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried or 
confined. 


Date. ! Page 


//( Criminal Papers, vol. 10, 1760-66. 












Commutation to 
1 4 years trans- - 
portation 


Major, John, alias 
John Markerson 
Page, William - 
Chenuer, William 
Cox, Philip 
Orchard, John - 
Oroonoko, Henry 
Boon, Mary 
Norman, George - 


Ilorse-stealing 

1 Housebreak- 
} ing - 

Horse-stealmg 

Sheep-stealing 

Robbery 

Burglary 

Sheep-stealing 


[Death] - 

j- Do, 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 


New Sarum - 

Do. 
Wells 

Do. 
Exeter 

Do. 

Do. 


"Feb. 


324 


Not to be re- 
moved for 3 


Mitchelson, James 


[Stealing] - 


Transportation 


Durham 


18 „ 


326 


weeks. 
















Commutation to ] 
14 years trans- - 
portation 


Pear.son, Joseph - 
Meade, Thomas - 
Gardiner, PhiUis- 
Winslett, Samuel 
Winslett, John - 
Dimmock,William 


Stealing 

Horse-stealing 

Housebreaking 
1 Hunting fal- 
/ low deer - 

Sheep-stealing 


[Death] - 

Do. 

Do. 

1 Do. 

Do. 


Chelmsfor.l - 

Do. 
Lewes 

Do. 
Hertford - 


1 

J 


326 


Do. to transpn. 
for life. 


North, Thomas - 


Highway rob- 
bery. 




Do. 


Co. of Lincoln.; 






Do. - 
Do. " 

Do. for 14 yrs. - 
Do. 
Do. - 


Ilunslay, Robert - 

Harling, John, 

aUas_ Richard 

Davis, alias 

Williams, alias 

Benjamin Powell. 

Adams, Robert - 

Stanley, Samuel - 

Oxiey, Anthony - 


Ilorse-stealing 

Horse-stealing 

Do. 
Housebreaking 




Do. 
Do. 

Do. 
Do. 
Do. 


Derby 
Coventry 

1 
Lincoln 
Do. 
Derby - ^ 


•21,. 
J 


328 


- - -{ 


Tracey, John - 
Holt, Susannah - 


1 Highway 
; robbery - 


} 


Do. 








Do. - 


Sudders, Robert, 
alias Southurst, 
alias Richard 
Sutcliff. 


Horse-stealing 




Do. 


-L.incastcr - 


7 Mar 


330 


Free pardon 


Dickie, James - 


Obstructing a 
Customs' offi- 
cer in the 
executiim of 
his duty. 


'3 


ears transpn. 


Durham 


11 „ 


.331 


Respite till 28th 


Kelscy, John 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


D 


L-ath 


Aylesbury - 


3 „ 


332 


Commutation to 
transportation 
for life. 


Do. 


Do. 




Do. 


Do. 

1 


M „ 


333 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



117 



176G. 


377. Ceiminals. Pardons, tc.—cont. 






Nature 
of Document. 


Name of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried or 


Date. [Page 


To be kept in cus- 
tody till further 
order. 


Kelsey, John - 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Death - - 


Aylesbury - 


22Mar 


334 


Respite for 3 weeks 


Evans, - 


Do. 


Do. 


Gloucester 


., .. 


3.34 


Not to be removed 
till further order. 


Purdew, Thomas 


[Receiving 
stolen goods.] 


'J'ransportatiou 


Reading 


25 „ 


335 


Respite for 14 days 


Parish, John - 


Burglary - 


Death 


Thetford - 


"-' „ 


33G 


Free pardon 


Purdue, Thomas - 


(As above.) 


. 


31 „ 


337 


Respite till the 
24th. 


Israel, Moses - 


Pocket-picking 


Death 


Shrewsbury - 


7Apr. 


33S 


Free pardon 


Garth, Ehzabeth 


Receiving a 
stolen sheep. 


Transportation 


York 




339 


Sentence not to be 
carried into 
execution. 


Parish, John - 


(As al 


ove.) 


- 


,, „ 


339 


Respite till sand- 


Bould, John 


Burglary and 
felony. 


Death 


Stafford 




340 


To be detained till 
further order. 


Ratcliff, Charles - 


Not stated - 


Transportation 


Do. 




341 


Do. - 


Holies, Vincent - 


Do. 


Do. 


Newgate 


„ -. 


341 


Commutation to 
transportation 
for life. 


Parish, John - 


(As abo 


ve.) 




' " 


343 


Not to be removed 
till further order. 


Reddall.WiJliam - 


Petty larceny - 


Transportation 


Warwick - 


10 „ 


.344 


Respite till May 7 


Lamprey, Thomas 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Death 


Taunton 




344 


Not to be removed 
till further order. 


Guy, John 


[Stealing] - 


[Tran.'ipn.] - 


Gloucester - 




34.1 


To be received 
back from the 
transport at 
Bristol. 


Do. 


Do. - 


Do. 


Do. - 


11 „ 


340 


Free pardon 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


„ -, 


34G 


Commutation to 
14 years trans- 
portation. 


Israel, Moses 


Stealing a purse 


[Death] 


Shrewsbury - 


14 „ 


349 


Free pardon 


Reddall, William 


Petty larceny 


Transportation 


Warwick - 


„ ,< 


350 


Commutation to 
transportation 
for life. 


Lamprey,Thomas 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Death 


Co. of Somer- 


IG „ 


351 


Do. . 


Bould, John 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


Stafford 


IT „ 


353 


Reprieve 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


19 „ 


354 



118 
17G(; 



CALENDAR OF 



377. Criminals. Pardons, &c. — cont. 

Name of Couviot. 



Crii 



Sentence. 



Date. ' Page 



Sentence to be put 
into execution. 



Free pardon 



Holies, Vincent 



Ratlclifle, Charles Receiving 
I stolen g( 



(As above.) 

Transportation 



I» Criminal Papers, vol. 11, 1761-67. 



Free pardo 
Do. 
Do. 



Comraut;ition 
14 years trans-- 
portatiun 



Do. for 7 years - 



Commutation to 
transpn. 

Do. for 7 years - 

Sentence not to be 
put into execu- 
tion. 

Piospifefor lOdays 

Do. Do. 

Free pardon 

Respite till )ur--l 
tber order - J 

Commutation to] 
7 years trans- l 
portatiou -J 

Free pardon 



Barry, John, a 
private soldier. 



Croughton, John 
Hall, Rebecca - 
Bird, Elizabeth - 
Vaughan, Philip - 
Wiiliams,Thomas 
Dee, Thomas 

Stop, John 
Fuller, John 
Ruffhead, ulias 

Seabright,Tho- 

mas. 
Carpenter,Willian 
Betson, Thomas - 
Wells, Thomas - 

Lawton, John 



Sprout, Joseph 
Steel, Elizabeth 



O'Hara.Brabazon, 
Esq., Captain in 
the 14th Regt. 

Howard, Samuel - 



Jones, Roger 
Langham, Joseph 



Howard, Samuel - 
Jones, Roger 



Howard, Samuel • 
Jones, Roger 



Murder of 
child. 



Burglary and 
felony. 

Forgery 



Death 
Do. 
Do. 



Sheep-stealing [Death] 
1- Stealing - Do. 

i Housebreak- 1 1 j. 



Horse-stealing I 

Sheep-stealing 
Horse-stealing 
Cow-stealing - 



Sheep-steal 
Horse-steal 
Sheep-stea 



Burglary and 
felony, con - 
victedin 1763 

Horse-stealing 

Burglary 

Jlurder of Ser- 
geant Wing. 



Highway rob- 
bery. 



Death ; but re- 
prieved. 



Death ; but r 
spited. 



If convicted - 



r - , I years transp 

(As above") 



Quebec in 
America. 

GibraUar in 
Spain. 

Calcutta in 
Bengal. 

Oxford 

Worcester - 

Hereford 

Gloucester 

Buckingham - 

J)o. 
Bedford 



Huntingdon 
Cambridge 
Norwich 



Lichfield 

Chester 

Co. of South- 
ampton. 

Aylesbury 

Do. 
Old Bailey - 



3 Apr. 



7Jun 
OJan. 
8 Feb. 



I (As above.) [Re-entered at p. 280.] 
Stealing - , Transportation I Leicester 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



119 



1766. 


377. Criminals. Paedons, fee- 


cont. 






Nature 
of Document. 


Name of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried or 
confined. 


Date. 


i 
jPage. 


Commutatiou to 


Bryan, William - 


Highway rob- 


Death 


Taunton - 


22Maj 


277 


7 years trans- 




bery. 










portation. 














Do. for 14 years - 


Eicbard/riiomas- 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Glamorgan 
Sessions. 


13Jun£ 


279 


Do. for 7 years - - 


How.ard, Samuel - 
Jones, Eoger 


} (As ab 


ove.) 




„ „ 


280 


Sentence to be 
carried out - " 


Richards, Frede- 
rick. 
Donolly, John - 


i Not stated - 


Transportation 


Newgate 


„ „ 


282 




Gower, Thomas - 


Burglary 


[Death] - 


Hertford 


1 






White, afo/sTow- 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Commutation to 


ser, George. 












transpn. for • 


Tiverton, Joseph - 


Do. 


Do. 


Chelmsford - 






14 years. 


Watkins, Walter - 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 








Blackburn, John 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 








Taylor, William - 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 








Dugmore, John - 


"^ Being at large 


~ 










Lockeskegg, Tho- 


before the 










Do. for life - - 


mas. 
Tisely, John 
Hills, Matthew - 


y expiration of 
their term of 
J transpn. 


I Do. 


Maidstone - 






Do. for 14 years - 


Jennings, Abel, 
alias Smith, 
alias Pennings, 
alias Walters. 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Do. 


Do. 


•20„ 


282 




Heath, Robert - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 








Tolhurst, .John - 


Do. - 


Do. 


Do. 








Bousden, John - 
Webber, Robert - 


}SU,„.. - 


Do. 


Do. 






Commutation to 


Green, Edward - 
Pullen, Joseph - 


\ Sheep-Stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






14 years trans-. 
portation 


Williams, WlUiam 
Clarke, Thomas - 


IHighway 

/ robbery - 


} DO. - 


Do. 






Markwick, John - 


Horse-steahng 


Do. 


East Grinsted 








Kemp, Cornelius - 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 








Horner, John - 


Highway rob- 


Do. 


Kingstou-ou- 
Tiiames. 








Green, Joseph - 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 








Ottway, James - 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 








Crookhorne, Tho- 


Do. 


Do. 


Co. of Rutland - 








Parker, John - 


Stealing 


Do. 


Co. of Lincoln 








Robertson, Isa- 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


Do. 








beUa. 












Do. - 


Bolton, Francis - 
Lilley, John 


1 Sheep-stealiug 


Do. 


Do. 








Astell, Thomas - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Co of Notting- 
ham. 








Bark, Francis - 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


Co. of Derby - 


i-,, „ 






Rigley, Richard - 


Horse-steaUng 


Do. 


Do. ^"- 


285 


Do. for Ufe 


Wilcox, John - 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Do. 


Co. of North- 
ampton. 






Do. for 14 years 1 


Manning, Samuel 
Neale, John 


Do. 
Sheep-stealing 


Do. 
Do. 


Do. 
Do. 






Do. for life 


Woodward, Wil- 


Burglary - 


Do. 


Coventry 






- 


Parker, John 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


Co. of Warwick 






Do. for 14 years -1 


Overton, Thomas 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






I 


Ward, William - | 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


Do. 







120 



CALENDAR OF 



17GG. 


377. Criminals. Paedons, &c. — cont. 






Naturp 
of Document. 


Name of Convict. 1 Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried or ' „.,, 
confined. j '^^"=- 


I'age. 


1 


Hagerston, John - 
]:)igweed, William 


I Horse-stealiii;_ 


[Death] - 


Winchester - ^ 




Commutation to 
transpn. for- 
14 years. 


Jigo, Dennis 
Snow, William - 
Crook, Mary - 


Robbery 
1 Burglary - 


Do. 


Kxetor - 
Do. 


1 


288 


Marchant, Charles 


, Ilorso-stealing 


Do. 


Now Sarum - 








Blakely, George - 
Glynn, Thomas - 


1 Robbery - 


Do. 


Taunton 


- 






' Gibberd, John - 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


O.xford 


1 






Kimher, Joseph - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


1 






Sanford, William 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


1 






Mantle, Edward - 
Pearce, Thomas - 


} Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Shrewsbury - 








Elton, alias Dal- 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 








tou, Thomas. 














Hodnet, Elizabeth 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


Do. 








Bury, John 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. - 


Lloyd, Mary 


Shoplifting - 


Do. 


Do. 


"25,, 




Rosier, John 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Reading 


L89 




Lypiatt, George - 


1)0. 


Do. 


Gloucester - 








Yemm, John - 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 








Burke, William - 


Robbery 


Do. 


Stafford 








Benson, George - 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 








Phillips, William 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 








Bntler, Henry - 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 








Attwood, Henry - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 








Bodily, John Par- 

fett. 


Robbery 


Do. 


Do. 








Powell, John 


Stealing 


Do. 


York - 


1 






Johnson, Robert, 


" Horsebrcak- 


Do. 


Do. 








alias Lancelot 


ing" 












Brackien. 


[? Housebreak- 
ing] 
Stealing 












Prince, William - 


Do. 


Do. 








Fall, alias Smith, 


Being at large 


Do. 


Northumber- 






Do. 


William. 


before his 




land. 








time. 












Beney, William - 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. - 1 








Pearson, John - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Westmoreland 1 


25 „ 


292 




Ileslop, Andrew - 


Do. 


Do. 


Cumbeiland - 








Turner, Isaac - 


Grand larceny 
without bene- 
fit of statute. 


Do. 


York 








Morton, George - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. for life 


Bell, John 


Being at large 
before his 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. for 14 years - 
Do. do. 


Garth, James - 
Garth, George - 


I Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Phillips, Richard, 
of St. David's, 
iu the CO. of 
Pembroke.black- 
smith. 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Co. of Pem- 
broke. 




294 


Not to ho trans- 


Ranger, Isabella, 


Not stated - 


Transpn. 


Newgate - 3 


„ 


295 


ported till 


widow. . 












further orders. 















HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



121 



1766. 


377. Criminals. Pardons, Szc.—cont. 




Nature 
of Document. 


Name of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried or 
confined. 


^ 


. 


Tellour, Henry - 


Sheep-stealim; ! [Death] 


Aylesbury - 






Jefts, Thomas - 


Burglary 


Do. 


Bedford 




Corauiutation to 


May, James 


Do. - 


Do. 


Do. 




tnuispn. for 14- 


Neile, Joseph - 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


Huntingdon - 


4 


j-ears. 


Filbv, John 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Thetford 


■July 




Narle, Christophei 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 




^ 


Browne, Joseph - 


Do. 


Do. 


Bury St. Ed- 
munds. 




Do. for 7 years - 


Jones, John 


Forgery 


Do. 


Old Bailey - 


~ 


Do. for life 


Dunn, Elizabeth 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 




Do. do. 


Aldridge, John - 


Burglary - 


Do. 


Do. 




Do. for 7 years - 


Wilford, Joseph - 


Horse-stealing | Do. 


Do. 




Do, do. 


Redmond, Francis 


Robbery - 1 Do. 


Do. 


J. j J 


Do. for life 


Froud, Jane 


Stealing - [ Do. 


Do. 




Do. for U years - 


Bevan, John - 


Burglary - 1 Do. 


Do. 




Do. for 7 years - 


Curti.s Deborah - 


Stealing - I Do. 


Do. 




Do. do. 


Bletsley, William 


Do. - I Do. 


Do. 


J 


Free pardon 


Lamphrj-, Ann - 


Murder 


Death 


0.-!iford 


7 „ 


Do. - 


DaiIey,John, a/ios 
Peterson, alias 
Walter Gaha- 
gan. 


Being at large 
after being 
ordered for 
transpn. 


Do. - 


Newgate 




Do. - 


Ilickey, Peter - 


Stealing - 


Do. 


Old Bailey - 


„ ,. 


Do. 


Stanley, Sarah - 


Do. - 


Do. - 


Do. 


., ,- 


Commutation to 


Lungreen, Jurgon 


JIurder 


[Death] - 


Lancaster 


1 

Vio„ 


transpn. for 
life. 


Lawrence. 








Do. for 14 years 


Holding, Richard 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


J 


Do. do. 


Hillditch, William 


Sheep-stealing 


Death 


Chester 


I 


Do. for life 


Price, John 


Burglary 


Do. 


Co. of Flint - 


11.. 


Do. for 7 years - 


Cambell, Charles 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. - J ■■ 


Respite during 


Oatridge, James - 


Killing sheep 


Do. 


New Sanim • \-2l „ 


pleasure. 










Imprisonment re- 


Bray, George - 


Concerned in 


6 months im- 


Winchester - 


IG „ 


mitted. 




a riot at 
Andover. 


prisonment. 






Respite during 


Smith, Thomas - 


Highway rob- 


In case of sen- 


Old Bailey - 


2 Aug. 


pleasure. 




bery. 


tence of 
death. 






Respite till further 


Moore, William - 


Not stated - 


Death 


Kingston 


18 „ 


order. 












Sentence to be 


Oatridge, James - 


(As above.) 


. 


3 Sep. 


can-ied out in 










14 days. 










To be detained till 


Pleasants, Charles 


Obtaining mo- Transpn. 


Westminster 


9 


further order. 




"re't^/c^f ' i 


sessions. 




Respite sine die - 


Oatridge, James - 


(As above.) 




12 „ 


Commutation to 
7 years transpn. 


Do. Do. - 


.. . . 






■30 „ 



122 

17CG. 




CALENDAR OF 


ont. 


377. Criminals. Pardons, tc— 


Nature 
of Document. 


Name of Con\-ict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried or 
confined. 


Date. 


Page 


Sentence remitted 


London, Thomas 


Keeping a 
bawdy house 


3 months im- 
prisonment, 
to stand in 
the pillorj-, 
and pay a 
fineof6s.8rf. 


Hicks's Hall - 


22 Dec 


i 
317 


Free pardon 

la Criminal Pup 

KcspitcforSweeks 


Prendergast, Wil- 

rs, vol. 12, 1766- 

Paradice, Francis, 

the younger. 


Treasonable 
practices. 

-70. 
SteaUng - 


Hanged, drawn, 
and quartered. 

Death - 


Dutchess county 
in New York 
America. 

NewSarum - 


26 „ 
16 July 


318 

1 


Do. do. 
Do. do. 


Young, Robert - 
Weeks, John 


1 Robbery - 


Do. 


Southampton 


17 „ 


2 


Respite till fin-ther 

order. 
Do. do. 


Young, Robert - 
Weeks, John - 


}- ■ 


Do. 


Do. 


25 „ 


3 


Do. do. 
Do. do. 


Breare, David - 
Cornelius, Law- 


}- ■ 


Do. 


Do. 




4 


Do. for 3 weeks - 


Hazell, John - 


Highway rob- 


Do. 


New Saruni - 




4 


Not to be trans- 
ported till 
further order. 


Donelly, John - 


Felony 


7 years transpn. 


Old Bailey - 


" " 


6 


Free pardon 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


27 „ 


6 


Respite till further 
order. 


Paradice, Francis, 
the younger. 


(Asal 


ove.) 




\ Aug. 


8 


Respite for 1 
month. 


Low, Mary 


[Being at large 
before her 
tune.] 


Death 


Durham 


1 . 


9 


Free pardon - 


Elliot, Robert - 


Receiving stolen 
coal. 


IJ years transpn. 


Old Bailey - 


4 „ 


« 


Do. 


Allen, Mary 


Stealing 


7 years transpn. 


Do. 




10 


Do. 


Ranger, Isabella - 


Petty larceny 


Do. 


Do. 


. „ 


11 


Do. 

Do. 
Do. 

Do. 


Grainger, William 

Fletcher, William 
AUsop, Mary - 

Allen, George - 


Having in cus- 
tody goods 
not belong- 
ing to him. 

Keeping a dis- 
orderly house. 

Assault 


10/. fine; im- 
prisoned in 
default. 


Maidstone - 

Do. 
Do. 

Do. 


■7„ 


13* 


Do. 


Richards, Frede- 
rick. 


Felony 


7 years transpn. 


Old Bailey - 


8„ 


16 



* Grainger, Fletcher, and AUsop rendered assistance to the gaoler's wife when the felons broke gaol and 
murdered the gaoler, and, at hazard of their liTes, refused to escape. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



123 



17C6. 


377. Criminals. Pardons, kc.—cmit. 






Nature 
of Documeut. 


Name of Con-rict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried 
or confined. 


Date. 


Page. 


Free pardon 


Markwick, John - 


Horse-stealing 


Death, com- 
muted to 
transpn. 


East Grinstead 


8 Aug. 


17 


Respite for 14 days 


Stratford,Benjamiii 


Forgery 


Death 


Guildford - 




19 


Not to be removed 
till further order. 


Webber, Robert - 




Transpn. 


Maidstone - 




20 


Further respite for 
3 weeks. 


Hazell, John 




Death 


New Sarum 




20 


Respite for 14 days 


Card, Peter 


Felony 


Do. 


Horsham 


1-4 „ 


22 


Respite till further 
order. 


Low, Mary 


(Asa 


hove.) 


- 


15 „ 


22 


Commutation to 
transpn. for life. 










18 „ 


25 










Respite till further 
order. 


Hazell, John - 


(Asii 


bove.) 




16 „ 


20 


Do. for 10 days - 


Moore, William - 


Horso-stealing 


Death 


Guildford - 


18 „ 


27 


Do. till further 
order. 


Coats, Francis, 
alias Francis 
Peachey Coats. 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Do. 


Do. 


22 „ 


27 


Do. do. 


Card, Peter 


(As above.) 


- 


23 „ 


28 


Further respite for 
lu days. 


Moore, William - 


(As. 


bove.) 




25 „ 


29 


Do. till further 
order. 


Do. 


- - - 






29 „ 


29 


Free pardon 


Compton, John - 


Murder 


Death - - 


Chichester - 


„ „ 


31 


Pardon on con- 
dition of trans- 
porting himself 
for 7 years. 


Coats, Francis, 
alias Francis 
Peachey Coats. 


(As a 


)ove.) 




ISep. 


32 


Sentence to be 
carried into 
execution. 


Paradice, Francis, 
the younger. 


[Stealing] - 


Transpn. - 


[New Sarmn] 


3 „ 


34 


Sentence not to 
be put into 
execution till 
further order, 
if passed, or if 
it should pass. 


Haynes, John - 


Stealing 


Transpn. 


Newgate 


6 Sep. 


35 


Pardon on condi- 
tion of self- 
transpn. for 7 
years. 


Do. - 


Do. 


Ti-anspn. for 

7 years. 


Old Bailey - 


15 „ 


38 


Free pardon - 


Rogers, Thomas, 
of Hampton-on- 
Arden, yeoman. 


Horse-stealing 


Death 


Stafford 


20 „ 


40 



124. 

17GG. 




CALENDAR 


OF 




377. Criminals. Pardons, Szc.—cont 


Nature 
of Document. 


Name of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried 
or confined. 


Date. 


Page. 


Tree pardon - i Boddiley, John 
Purfett. 


Ilighwaj- rob- 
bery. 


Death 


Stafford 


27 Sep 


41 


Kesinte till further \ Ilil], John 
order. 


Robbery 


Do. 


Old Bailey - 


8 Oct 


41 


Pardon on coudi- , Inness, George - 
tion of self- 


S.tealing - 


Transpn. . for 
7 years. 


Do. 


ISNov 


45 


transpn. for 7 
years. 












Respite till further Royce, Robert - 
order. 

Do. - , Crowforth, John- 
Do. - 1 Fleming, James - 
Do. - Kohbs, Henry - 
Do. - Codner, James - 


^Riot 

J 


Death 


fNorwich -1 
1 [special !, 

1 zr'j 


15Dec. 

and 
29Dec. 


40 

& 
48 


Do. 


Lincoln, James - 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 




46 & 

48 


Do. 

Do. 
Do. 


Ecland, Daniel • 
Cheer, John - 
Stowers, James - 


}-■ • 


Do. 


rCo.ofBerks-l 
1 [Bpecial 1 
T commis- f 
L sion]. J 




47 


The law to take 
its course. 
Do. 


Long, Daniel 
Hall, John 


}-- ■ 


Do. 


fNorwich T 
1 [special 1 
1 commis- f 
L sion]. J 


29 „ 


48 


Respite fori week 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 


Vennel, Richard - 
Redman, James - 
Jenkins, Priscilla 
Kettleby, alias 
Ketteby, James 


1 
J 


Do. 


f Salisbury T 
1 [special 1 
1 commis- f 
L sion]. J 


27 „ 


49 



378. Deputy Lieutenants. 

The Najies of Gentlemen submitted to His Majesty by Lord Lieutenants of 
Counties to be Deputy Lieutenants, and approved of by the King. 



Page. 



I?i MilUcmj Entry Booh, vol. 27, 1 760-8 L 
Cornwall, County of. 



Boscaweu, Edward Hugh, Esq. 
Welsh, Thomas, Esq. 
Vyvyau, Thomas, the younger, Esq. 
BuUer, James, of Shellingham, 
Esq. 



Buller, John, of Morval, Esq. 
Stackhouse, John, Esq. 



HOME OFFICE FAPERS. 



125 



17G6. 



379. Grants of Offices, kc. 



Warrants, countersigned by one of the Secretaries of State, and addressed to 
the Attorney or Solicitor General, to prepare Bills for the King's 
Signature to pass the Great Seal, containing Grants of Offices, 
Licences to enclose, &c. 



In Channel Islands Entry Book, vol. 1, 1761-98. 



Lyttelton, Liciit.-General Sir 
Kichard, K.B., vice John Euil 
Delawarr, deceased. 

/,* Church Book, 1729-82. 
Darlington, Henry Earl of 



Governor of Guernsey 
Cornet, and other the i 
belonging (Alderne\' oi 



Grant of the next advowson of Middh'ton in 
Tristall alias Teasdale, in the co. of IJur- 



In King's Letter Book, vol. V2. 

Bristol, George Willi.im Earl Lieutenant General and General Governor of 



of, 



Earl of Hertford. 



In Military Entry Book, vol. 27. 

Manners, John, Esq. (commonly i Commauder-iu-chief in Great Britain - 
called Marquis of Granby), | 
Lieut.-General of the forces, 
vice John Viscount Ligonier. ] 

In Military Entry Book, vol. 28. 

Berkeley, Frederick Augustus 1 H.M.'s Lieutenant in and of the co. of Glo 
^ ' ' " " '~ ester, the city and CO. of the city of Bristi 



In IVarrant Book, vol. 30. 
Lords of the Admiralty - 



In IVarrant Book, vol.Zl. 
Kilby, Christopher, Esq. 



Seddon, Samuel, Esq. 



Crewe, John, Esq 



Woodcock, Edward, Esq., and 
his assigns. 



and the citv of Liloue 



Authority to appoint a 
proper officers for a Vi 
at Senei^ambia. 



Admiralty Court 



Licence to enclose a highway in the parish of 
Bctchworth, in the co. of Surrey. [For his 
petition, order of reference, and Attorney 
General's report thereon, advising the 
grant, ieeLaw Papers, 1751-68,No.96 a,b.] 

Grant of office of Secretary to the Governor 
of Queen Anne's Bounty. 

Licence to enclose a highway in Crewe, in the 
CO. of Chester. [For his petition, and report 
of the Attorney General thereon, see Lair 
Papers, 1751-08, No. 97 a b.] 

Grant of office of Register of Affidavits in the 
Court of Chancery, for the lives of Elleu- 
boiough Woodcock, Henry Valentine Wil- 
niot, sou of Henry Wilmot, of Bloomshury, 
Esq., Thomas VVoodeoek, sou of the Rev. 
Edward Woodcock, and the longest liver of 
them. 



126 



CALENDAR UV 



1766. 



379. Grants of Offices, 6cc. — cont. 



Date. Paire. 



Colcbrooke, George, Esq. 

„ James Edward, Esq. 

„ Henry Thomas, Esq. 

Sons of Sir Geo. Colebrooke. 

Lee, Samuel, surgeon, convicted 
of perjury at the trial of Jane 
Leckie for the same offence. 

Grafton, Augustus Henry Eitz- 

roy, Duke of. 
To-wnshend, Charles, Esq. 
Townshend, Thomas, jun., Esq. 
Onslow, George, Escj. 
Campbell, Pryse, Esq. 

Townshend, Right Hon. Charles 

Do. do. 

Chatham, William Earl of 

Shelburne, William Earl of, 
of the kingdom of Ireland, 
and Baron Wycombe, of 
Chepping Wycombe, in the 
CO. of Bucks, in Great Britain. 



Canterbury, Mayor, . 



of I 



Maidstone, Mayor, Jiu-ats, &c. 
of town and parish of, in Kent, 

Saunders, Sir Charles, K.C.B. 
Keppel, Augustus, Esq. 
Townshend, Charles, Esq. 
Meredith, Sir WUliam, Bart. 
Buller, John, Esq. 
Palmerston, Henry, Viscount. 
Yonge, Sir George, Bart. 

Hood, Alexander, Esq. - 



Do. of Chyrographer of the Court of Common 
Pleas, for their lives, or the life of the sur- 
vivor of thera, on surrender of Robert 
Howe, Esq., and Sir George Colebrooke. 

Free pardon - - - - - 



I Commissioners for executinj; the office of 
( Treasurer of the Exchequor. 

J 

Chancellor of the same 

Under Treasurer of the same - - 

Keeper of the Privy Seal (Lord Privy Seal) - 

One of the Principal Secretaries of State 



Grant of a market on Wednesday in every 
week, tor the buying and selling of hops. 
[Their petition, and the usual reference to 
the Attoruey or Solicitor General for report 
thereon, is in Petitious l76.5-8i, p. 28.] 

The same as above every Thursday. [Petition, 
&c., see Pelifions 1765-84, p. 30.] 



Commissioners for ex' 
Lord High Admiral. 



Treasurer and Receiver General of Greenwich 
Hospital. 



Hertford, 



Earl of 



Hawke, Sir Edward, K.C.B. 
Townshend, Charles, Esq. 
Buller, John, Esq. 
Palmerston, Henry Viscount. 
Yonge, Sir George, Bart. 
Brett, Sir Piercy, Knt. 
Jenkinson, Charles, Esq. 

In Warrant Book, vol. 32, 1 
Howell, John, formerly of Tre- 
newydd, in the co. of Pem- 
broke, drover, a bankrupt in 



Master of the Horse 



I Commissioners for executing the office of 
I Lord High Admiral. 



Free pardon for felony in not surrendering 
himself to the acting Commissioners. 



25 Apri 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



127 



17CG. 



379. Grants of Offices, &c. — covt. 



Office, &c. 



Date. 



Richmond,Lennox, and Aubigny 
Charles Duke of. 



Cavendish, George, commonly 
called Lord Geo. Cavendish. 



Berkeley, Frederick Augustus 
Earl of. 



York and Albanv, II.K.H. 
Edward Augustus'Duke of. 

I«rd Chancellor. 
First Lord of the Treasury. 
President of the Council. 
Keeper of the Privy Seal. 
High Admiral or First Lord of 

the Admiralty. 
Principal Secretaries of State. 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 
Bishop of London. 
Surveyor and Auditor General 

of the Revenues in America. 
(All for the time being.) 
Hillsborough, Wills Earl of. 
Jenyns, Soame, Esq. 
Eliot, Edward, Esq. 
Rice, George, Esq. 
Roberts, John, Esq. 
Dyson, Jeremiah, Esq. 
Fitzherbert, William, Esq. 
Palmerston, Henry Viscount. 



3, Thomas, vice Viscount 
Palmerston. 
The rest as above. 

Nugent, Right Hon. Robert, vice 

Earl of Hillsborough. 
The rest as above. 

Ancaster and Kesteven, Pere- 
grine Duke of. 

Joye, Mary Margaret, of London, 
widow of Jeremiah Joye, 
formerly of London, mer- 
chant, but last of Wotton in 
the CO. of Surrey, deceased, 
an alien. 

Comwallis, Charles Earl - 



Bolton, Harry Duke of 



Terrie, Thomas, stationer and 
bookbinder. 



One of the Principal Secretaries of State 
H.M.'s Lieutenant of and in the co. of Derby 



Constable of the castle of St. Briavels in the 
I"orest of Dean, and Keeper of the deer and 
woods in said forest. 

Keeper and Lieutenant of Windsor Forest, &c. 



Commissioners for Trade and Plantations - 



Do. 



do. 



^ Do. do. 

Master of the Horse 

Free denizen of Great Britain 



Warden, Chief Justice, and Justice in Eyre of 
all the forests, &c. on this side Trent. 



Governor and Captain of the Isle of Wight 
and Carisbrook Castle, &c. 



23 May 
7 June 
26 June 

5 July 



24 Sept. 



128 



CALENDAR OF 



1766. 



380. IXVENTIOXS. 

Warrants, addressed to the Attorney or Solicitor General, to prepare 
Bills for the King's Signature to pass the Great Seal, gi-anting " the 
sole use and benefit" from Inventions for a period of 14 years in England, 
Wales, and the to\vn of Berwick-upon-Tweed, and (in some cases) in the 
Plantations and Colonies abroad, according to the Statute. 

[A particular description of the invention bad to be enrolled within four months in the 
Court of Chancery.] 



Nature of Invention. 



In Warrant Booh, vol. 30, 1760-66. 



Marie, Daviil, of Crown St., in 
the city of Westminster, 
watchmaker. 



A fire machine for escape from precipitate 
fires ; will gain, in the space of a second of 
time, the aid of those without to any part 
of the house, and, as quick as thought, eon- 
rey persons or then- eifects out of danger. 



In IVarrant Booh; vol. 31, 1765-C9. 



MacCarthv, Dennis, of the parish A certain eomposit 

of St. James's, Clerkenwell, for statues, chimney piti 

in the co. of Middlesex, Esq. &c 



Fall, Robert, Esq. 



npsfield, 



Lindsice, Thomas, of the par 
of St. George in the East, 
the CO. of Jliddlesex, potter 



Foster, Abraham, of Seething 
Lane, in the parish of Allhal- 
lows, Barking, ]>cruke maker. 



Lauraguais, Count de 



Knight, Gowin, of the British 
Siuseum, Doctor of rhysic. 



iImUcv, William, r 
Mary-le-Boue, i 
Middlesex, cugii 



'S, door frai 



A cheap method of heating all kinds of fluids 
by a new mechanical contrivance. [For 
his petition and atfidavit, and the report of 
the Attorney General thereon, see Dom. 
Geo. III. , pel. 78, No. S a, b, c] 

British herb tobacco. [For his petition and 
affidavit, and report of the Attorney (^.cneral 
thereon, see Dom. Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 9 a, 
b,c.] 

A composition for the making of fictile pipes 
for conducting water and other fictile wares, 
and a method of making and burning the 
same. [For petition, atfidavit, and usual 
report, see Dum. Geo. III., pch 7S, No. 10 
a, b, c] 

A composition called " Foster's Compound," 
which, after a few hours' taking, is an 
effectual cure for the ague. [For peti- 
tion, affidavit, and usual report, see IJom. 
Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 19 a, b, c] 

A new method of making porcelain ware - 

New construction of compasses in general, so 
as to prevent their being afi'ccted by the 
motion of the ship. 

A machine worked either by fire or water, or 
both together, the friction being " thereby 
reduced so as to luivc no solid bodies to 
rub, but the in,iccting vapour or water- 
cocks or sluices ;" applicable to ail sorts of 
mills. 



HOME OFFICE PAPEEh 



129 



1766. 



380. Inventions — conf. 



Inventor's Name, &c. 



Nature of Invention. 



Page. 



Cranage, Thomas, of Bridgnorth, I"! Art of making pig or cast iron malleable in 
in the co. of Salop, forge- 1 | a reverberator}- or air furnace, with raw 
man ; and }- pit coal only. [For petition, affidavit. 

Cranage, George, of Colebrooke \ j and usual report, see Dniii. Geo. III., 
Dale, in the said no., founder. J pel. 78, No. 32 a, b, c] 



I'eele, John.ofCheapside, in the 
city of London, linendraper. 



!abu, Charles [Nicolas] Michel, 
of Jerrayn St., in the parish 
of St. James's, Westminster, 
engineer in hydraulics. 



Stewart, John, of the parish of 
St. George-in-the-East, Mid- 
dlesex, merchant. 



Tredwell, liichard, of the par. 
of St. Paul, Covent Garden, 
in the co. of Middlesex, spring 
maker. 



of the 



Yonge, John Greenhill, 
city of London, Esq. 

Ilarclay, Alexander, of Allhal- 
lowsLane, Thames St., in the 
city of London, [iron] founder. 



A method of printing images, songs, maps, 
" landskips," and oea pieces, by copper 
plates on linen for handkerchiefs. [For 
his petition, and the usual reference of the 
same to the Attorney or Solicitor General, 
see Petitions, 1763-84, p. 18.] 

A pump for raising water out of ships and 
mines, for draining marsh lands, &c., and 
an engine for extinguishing fire or flames. 
[For his petition, &c., see Petitions, 
1765-84, p. 25.] 

A machine worked by the common fire-engines, 
answering all the purposes of wind, water, 
and horse mills. [For his petition, &c., see 
Petitions, 1765-84, p. 34.] 

New springs for coaches and carriages with a 
worm and pin, and either with or without a 
plate. [For his petition, &c., see Petitions, 
1765-84, p. 32.] 

TA new method of constructing sugar mills 
by application of friction wheels. It was 
J Jlr. Yonge's invention, but a mill of the 
I kind had been constructed by Mr. Barclay. 
I [For their petition, &c., see Petitions, 
1^ 1763-84, p. 42.] 



Ill JVaTrant Book, vol. 32, 1766-70. 



Delaval, Thomas, of Seaton De- 
laval, in the co. of Northum- 
berland, Esq. 



Battiscorabc, Christopher, of 
the par. of Yatton, in the co. 
of Somerset, Gent. 



Martin, Benjamin, of Fleet St., 
in the city of London, optician. 



Purnell, John, of Framptou- 
upon-Severn, ironmaster. 



A composition or flux for making glass, con- 
sisting of ashes, sea-water, copperas, and 
other ingredients, and also away of making 
gunpowder from sulphur stones, commonly 
called " brasses," found in coal mines, with 
other ingredients, and without charcoal. 
[For his petition, &c., see Petitions, 1765- 
84, p. 14.] 

Contrivances whereby the danger arising to 
persons falling from their horses, by cn- 
tangUng their feet in the stirrup, will be 
prevented. [For his petition, istc, see 
Petitions, 1765-84, p. 17.] 

A hydraulic engine in the nature of a pump 
for raising water. [For petition, aflidavit, 
and usual report, see Dom. Geo. III., 
pel. 78, p. 35 a to c] 

A new machine for making ship bolts, large 
round rods of iron and steel, and iron and 
steel wire of various sizes. [For petition, 
affidavit, and usual report, see Dom, 
Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 38 a to c] 



31 May 



4 July 



23 May 



130 

1766. 



CALENDAR OF 



380. Inventions— co?ii. 



Inventor's Name, &c. 



Nature of Invention. 



Ycrbury, Francis, of Bradford, 
in tlie CO. of Wilts, clothier. 



Pease, Thomas, of the parish of 
St. George, Hanover Sq., in 
tlie CO. of Middlesex, smith 
and spring maker. 



Sutton, Robert, of Framingham 

Earl, iu the eo. of Norfolk, 

surgeon ; and 
Sutton, Daniel, of Ingatestone, 

in the co. Essex, surgeon, his 

son. 

Mareuard, Daniel Augustin, of 
Eagle St., Ked Lion Sqaare, 
in the parish of St. Andrew, 
Ilolbom above the Bars, in 
the CO. of Middlesex, mer- 
chant. 

Dickinson, Robert, of the par. 
of St. Clements Danes, in the 
CO. of Middlesex, upholsterer ; 
and 

Scdgier, Henry, of Shire Lane, 
in the liberty of the Rolls, in 
the said eo., cabinet maker. 



Ilatchett, John, of Longacrc, 
in the par. of St. Martins-in- 
the-Fields, in the co. of Mid- 
dlesex, coachmaker. 

Barber, John, of Standsby, in 
the CO. of Derby, Esq. 



Liddell, Richard, of 
London, Gent. 



city of 



A new method of making thin superfine cloth 17 3r\ly 
for the summer season at home and warmer 
climates abroad, more durable than that of 
greater substance made in the common way. 
[For petition, affidavit, and usual report, see 
Dum. Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 39 a to c] 

A machine and spring for rendering coaches 
and any other vehicle " to hang more steady, 
safe, and easy " than any hitherto invented. 
[For petition, affidavit, and usual report, 
see Dom. Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 40 a to c.] 

A specific medicine that will certainly pro- 
duce a favourable species of the small- 
pox. [For petition, afiidavit, and usual 
report, see J'om. Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 41 
J a to c] 

A machine for making women's mitts and 
gloves. [For petition, affidavit, and usual 
report, see Vom. Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 42 
a to c] 



A bedstead in which, by the turning of a 
winch, the occupant may be raised to a 
sitting posture, and which may be also 
then converted into a settee. [For petition, 
affidavit, and usual report, see Dom. 
Geo. Ill, pel. 78, No. 46 a to c] 

A floating machine for conveying timber, 
staves, boards, iron, &c., from one part of 
the world to another, -n-ithout shipping. [For 
petition, affidavits, and usual report, see 
Dom. Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 50 a to d.] 

A uewspringfor hanging the bodies of coaches 30 Oct. 
and carriages, &c. [For petition, affidr 
and usual report, see i>o«i. Geo. //7.,pcl. 78, 
No. 54 a to e.] 

A new method of raising water out of ships and 
mines, for supplying towns with M-ater, and 
for raising ponderous weights of all kinds, 
by fire or water or both together. [For 
bis petition and affidavit, see Bom. Geo. III., 
pel. 78, No. 44 a, b.] 

A method of unloading coal, culm, corn, mer- 
chandize, &e. from ships and boats, and 
weighing and measuring the same. [For 
petition, affidavit, and usual report, see 
Dom. Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 65 a to c] 

A machine for winding raw and unmanufac- 
tured silk, as well the short-reeled as the 
long-reeled silk, now wound by hand. [For 
petition, report, and affidavit, see Dom, 
Geo. III., pel. 78, No. 71 a to c.] 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



131 



1700. 


380. LwEXTioNS — cont. 






Inventor's Name, &c. 


Nature of Invention. 


Date. 


Page. 


Champion, William, of the city 
of Bristol, merchant. 


Art of refining copper for making braes by 1 18 Dec. - 
■svronght iron, and of making brass by a | 
mineral black jack or Brazil instead of t 
calamy or lapis calaminaris, and for making 
brass into brass wire by stone or pit coal 
instead of wood now used. [For petition, 
affidavit, and report, see Dom. Geo. III., 
pel. 78, No. 68 a to c] 


69 



381. Licences to Plead. 



Name of Counsel. 



On whose behalf. 



Page. 



It Book, vol. 30, 1760-66. 



Attorney General 
(Charles Yorke, Esq.) 



Cholmondeley, Robert, 
Esq., Auditor General 
of the revenues in 
America. 



Mackintosh, Capt. iEneas 



Loft, William, of the 
parish of St. John, 
Southwark, Gent. 

Kellj'jfTohn, of the parish 
of Rotherhithe, Gent. 

Atkinson, Edward, of the 
parish of Sholden, in 
the CO. of Kent, Gent. 



Ill Warrant Booh, vol. 31, 1765-69. 

Bishop, Michael, of Cook- 
ley,intheco.of iSuffolk, 
yeoman. 



Hervey,Eliab,Esfi. 
King's counsel. 



Norton, Sir Fletcher, 
Knt., King's coun- 
sel. 

Davy, John, Esq., 
serjeant-at-law. 



Willes, Edward, 
Esq., King's coun- 
sel. ■ 



Norton, SirFIetcher, 
Knt., King's coun- 
sel. 



Cornforth, Charles, of 
New Bond St., in the co. 
of Middx., Esq. 

Langford, Richard, of 
the parish of St. James, 
Clerkenwell, hat 

presser. 

Rodbard, John, of Ips- 
wich, in the co. of 
Suffolk, surgeon and 
man-midwife. 

Wright, William, of 
White Friars, in the 
city of London, dis- 

tiUer. 



Construction of the patent with 
regard to the right to audit 
the accounts of the newly- 
acquired territories in Ame- 
rica. 

Appeal to the House of Lords 
against a judgment of the 
Scotch Court of Session in 
his favour. 



• Misdemeanor (Kent assizes) 



JIurder of Samuel 
(Kent assizes). 



Burnhag and destroying a will 



Trespasses, assaults, and 
demeanors. 



Rape 



Irregularities contrary to the 
Act in regard to exportation 
of British-made spirits. 



12 



132 



CALENDAR OF 



176G. 



381. Licences to Plead— coni. 



On whose behalf. 



Page. 



Whitiiker, William, 
Es(i., serjeant-at- 



Norton, SirFletcher, 
Knt., King's coun- 



Whitakcr, William, 
Esq. 



Steward, Heniy, of the 
borough ofBurj'St. Ed- 
mund's, in the county 
of Suffolk, upholsterer. 

Gates, John, the younger, 
of the parish of St. Paul, 
Covcnt Garden, broker. 

Ilumstoii, Hugh - 



Chatham, William, of the 
parish of Downham 
Market, in the co. of 
Norfolk, schoolmaster. 



In Warrant Book, vol. 32, 1766-70. 

Willes, Edward, Esq., Lempriere, Thomas, ~| 
King's counsel. Le Cras, Noah, I 

Gruchy, Pliilip de, and J- 
Merchants and inha- | 
bitants of Jersey. J 



Norton, SirFletcher, 
Knt.jKing's coun- 
sel. 



Pearce, Jacob, ofthe parish 
of St.Mary, Matfellon, 
othem-iseWhitechapel, 
in the co. of Middx. 



Murder of his maidservant 



Libel, " Asmodeous, or a New 
Devil upon Two Sticks," a 
" satyr " reflecting on the 
character and memory of 
Edmund Saffery, Esi]., de- 
ceased. 



Against a matter depending in 
Council relative to the esta- 
blishment of a custom house 
in the Island. 



Perjury 



May 



25 July 



382. Licences to Print. 

Warrants granting the sole right to print, publish, ami xqwA the 
specified, for the term of 14 years, within H.M.'s dominions. 



Name of Publisher, &c. 


Title of Work, &c. 


Date. 


Page. 


In Warrant Book, vol. 31, 17 


65-69. 






Crowder, Stanley, bookseUer - 


" Reading made perfectly Easy : " written by 
Thomas Dyke, Gent.; con'ected and im- 
proved by Daniel Penning, Gent., author of 
the Royal English Dictionary, a New 
System of Geography, the Universal Spell- 
ing-book, the Schoolmaster's most useful 
Companion in the knowledge of Arithmetic, 
the Young Man's Book of Knowledge, a 
Treatise on the ITse of Globes, and other 
•works. 


8 March - 


48 


Burton, John, musician 


Ten sonatas for the harpsichord, and several 
other pieces of vocal and instrumental 


12 July - 


SO 


In Warrant Book, vol. 32, 17 


66-70. 






Heaton, Isaac, jun., of Norfolk 
Street, Strand, Gent. 


Works of vocal and instrumental music 


30 Sept. - 


40 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



133 



1766. 



MiLiTAEY Commissions. Bee Army. 



383. Ordnance. 
Warrants, kc, addi-essed to the Master General of the Ordnance, during- 
the year 17GG, for the issue of Tents, Arms, Ammunition, and other 
Stores to the various Regiments, &e., with lists annexed, are to be found 
in Ordnance Entry Bools, vols, for 17C0-7G and for 17(il-75. The warrants 
are not, for the most part, of sufficient importance to merit individual 
description, but among them are the following : — 



For whom aud what purpose. 



Page 



of the Royal Regiment of 



In Ordnance Entry Book, 1760-76. 
Webdell, Captain Philip, a superannuated office 
Artillery, 10*. per diem to. 

For sending ordnance and stores for the settlements on the rivers Senegal and 
Senegambia, with a detachment of artillery engineers, civil officers, and 
artiilerj-. [A letter, dated Feb. 13, ordering the preparation of this warrant, 
is entered on p. 3.i9, and the estimates and a list of the proposed establishment 
on pp. 362-72.] 

To cause a ship to be taken up for conveying the above " stores aud people " 
to Senegambia, and to prepare a daught of a proper warrant. 

To send a state of all the King's stores in America and the West Indies 

Roy, Lieut.-Col., — to order payment of 3/. a day to, in consideration of extra- 
ordinary service at Dunkirk. [Lieut.-Col. Roy's letter on the same subject 
is also entered, and a draft and copy of both letters will be also found in 
Ordnance, vol. 6, 1766r-78, No. 3 a,b.] 

To give directions for the subsistence of the supernumerary officers and men in 
the Ceded Islands, and to place the same to the charge of Extraordinaries for 
the Ordnance Service. [A di-aft of this letter is found also in Ordnance, 
vol. 6, No. 6.] 

To comply with the enclosed request of ilons. de ilello, the Portuguese Jlinister, 
provided it does not interfere essentially with His Majesty's service. 



The Tower guns only to be tired i 
that happy event shall happen. 



occasion of Her jSIajesty's delivery, when 



13 March 
C June 



23 Aug. 
IS Sept. 



384. Packet Boats. 
Letters relating to the Packet Boats. 



To whom directed. 



For what purpose. 



In Dom. Entnj Book, vol. 23, 1760-71. 
Agent at Falmouth 



Henry Potts, Esq., [Secretary to 
the. Postmaster General]. 



Col. Carleton, Lieut.- Governor of the province 
of Quebec, and two other gentlemen and 
three servants, to be accommodated in the 
next packet going to N. America. 

The mail of the 14th inst. for New York not 
to proceed till Col. Carleton shall have got 
on board. 



134 



CALENDAR OF 



1766. 


384. Packet Boats— coiif. 






To whom directcHl. 


For what purpose. Date. 


Page. 


In Dom. Entry Book, vol. 24 


1765-79. 






Henry, Totts, Esq. 


To stop the New York packet till further 
orders. 


llJan. - 


"S 


Do. - - - 


Enclosing packets to be sent by the above 
detained boat. 

A list of those sent - 


18 „ 


79 
SO 


Do. - - - 


New York packet to be detained till further 
orders. 


8 Feb. - 


yi 


Ageut at Falmouth - 


With a packet for Mr. Hay, H.M.'s Minister 
Plenipotentiai7 at the Com-t of Portugal, 
to be placed in the hands of the Captam of 
the Lisbon packet boat, with strict orders 
to place it in Mr. Hay's hands himself; 
which method and directions are to be 
observed for the future by every captain 
of H.M.'s packet boats earrj-ing packets 
from the Secretary's ofBce for that Minister. 






Henry, I'ott^^, Esq. 


Despatching the detained New York packet - 


25 „ 


'.)G 


Do. - - - 


Detaining the New York packet till Saturday 
nest. 


27 „ 


07 


Do. 


New York packet to sail immediately on 
Col, Carleton's embarking with the Duke 
of Richmond's despatches to N. America. 


IS June - 


109 


Do. - - - 


New York packet to be detained till further 
orders. 


11 Oct. - 


120 


Do. - • - 


The same to be despatched, the Earl of Shel- 
burne being unwilling to detain it. 


„ „ - 


121 


Agent at Dofer 


An extraordinary packet boat to convey 
Hanbury Potter, one of H.M.'s messengers, 
to Calais, going to Paris on H.M.'s service. 


25 „ 


123 


Agent at Falmouth (Geo. Bell, 
Esq.) 


To accommodate on H.M.'s Lisbon packet 
boat first sailing, Mons. de Salema, who 
was his Most Faithful Majesty's Minister to 
the repubhc of Holland, but now in Eng- 
land, with his secretary, retinue, and 
baggage. 


IS Nov. - 


12.^ 


Agent at Dover 


An extraordinary ])acket boat for David Lau- 
zun, one of H.M.'s messengers, despatched 
to Paris. 


20 „ 


127 



HOME OFFICE PAPEES. 



135 



17GC. 



385. Paeks. 



Permissions to pa.ss through the Paek Gates, <S;c. 

*^.* These are addressed, in the case of St. James's and the Green Parks, to the Earl of 
Orford, and in the case of the Horse Guards to the Gold Stick in Waiting. 



Name. 


Extent of permission. 


Date. 


Page. 


Li Dom. Entry Book, vol. 23, 1760-71. 






Fife, Earl and Countess of - On horseback through the Horse Guards 


31 May - 


304 


Portland, Duke of, Lord Cham- 
berlain. 


In his coach through the gates of St. James's 
and the Green Parks, and through the Horse 
Guards. 


20 June - 


304 
and 
305 


In Dom. Entry Booh, vo/.24, 1765-79. 






Dowdeswell, Eight Kon. Wil- 
Uam, ChanceUor and Under 
Treasurer of the Exchequer. 


Do. do. - - - 


17 May - 


IOC 


Richmond, Duke of. Secretary 
of State, and the Duchess. 


Do. do. 


31 „ 


108 


[Two letters gifing the same permission, and dated July 29th, are entered 
on p. 1 16 of this voliune.] 






In Dom. Entry Book, vol. 25, 1766-75. 






Shelley, Sir John 


On horseback through the gates of St. James's 
and the Green Pai-ks, and through the 
Horse Guards. 


5 Sept. - 


3 


Townshend, Eight Hon. Charles, 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. 


In his coach through the same 


30 Dec. - 


27 



386. Passports or Passes countersigned by one of the Secretaries of State. 



Language. I Date 



Iti Passes 1760-84. 
Eussell, Thomas, courier of H.M.'s 
Cabmet. 

Mitchell, Sir Andrew, Envoy 
Extraordinary, &c. to Prussia. 

Clements, Thomas, Esq. - 

Lauzim, Mr. David, courier of 
H.M.'s Cabinet. 



St. Petersburg 
Berlin - 



Foreign parts 
St. Petersburg 



Do. 

French 



1 May 
5 Aug. 



13G 



CALENDAR OF 



387. Treasury Letters. 



Office Letters from one of the Secretaries of State to the Lords of the 
Treasury, desii-ing them to make various payments. Usually expressed 
Ly the form that their Lordships are to receive the King's pleasure for the 
pajnnents. 



Page. 



Ill Treasv.rtj Entry Book, 


763-75. 


£ s. 


</. 






Desmaretz, Col. John Peter, 
II.M.'s Commissary at 
Dunkirk. 


Contingent expenses for 
176.5. 
[Thebillalso, p. 150.] 






4 Jan. - 


149 


Stock, Capt. Willm., owner 
of the snow " Charming 
Nancy." 


Freight for certain horses 
and wild beasts for the 
King's use, from Gib- 
raltar. 
And for extraordinary 
expenses. 


315 

20 






i-13 „ - 


151 


Ambassador from Tripoli, 
lately arrived. 


Passage money, &c. of 

himself, attendants, &c. 

[The bill on p. IGl.] 


187 5 


G 


1 1 Feb. - 


ICO 


Brown, Mr. George, 1st clerk 
in the Uuke of Richmond's 
office. 


Presents to the Emperor 
of Jlorocco and Dey 
of Algiers, to be sent 
by Commodore Spry. 
Separate letters. 


500 
(each) 




llJuly - 


109 


Hodgson, Capt. Robert 


Services on the Mosquito 
shore set forth in his 
memi)rialenteredp.l71. 


] 7.3 12 
} 70 
J 80 17 




li 


" ., 


170 


Spry, Commodore 


In the execution of a 
commission 'for the 
King's service. 


1,000 

(bills drawn on 

Mr. George Brown.) 


IC „ 


173 


Popham, Joseph, Esq., H.M.'s 
Consul General in Morocco. 


Extraordinary service - 


300 
(drawn on same.) 


" " - 


1-3 


Symmer, Andrew, Esq., ap- 
pointed H.M.-s agent in 
Turk's Islands. 


Salary 


100 





20 Sept. - 


177 


Brown, Mr. - 


men and three women 
oftheStockbridgeand 
Wappinger tribe of 
Indians, lately in Eng- 
land, till they could be 
sent back to Ajuerica. 
The particulars on 
pp. 179-81. 


555 12 


S'i 


25 Nov. - 


Entered 
also in 

Lett.Bk., 
Sec.'s, 

1766-8, 

pp. 1-4. 


Harrison, Capt. Thomas, 
charged with commissions 
for His Majesty in Barbary 
and Malta. 


Expenses incurred in the 
execution of those com- 
missions. 


1,500 





19 Dec. - 


182 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



137 



1766. 



388. MiSCELLANEOUi 



Warrants and Letters from the Offices of the 
Secretaries of State. 



To whom directed. 



For whom and what purpose. 



Page 



In Admiralty Entry Book, 1 

Lords of the Admiralty - 



The four Frenchmen mentioned in their letter 
of the l4th to be conveyed to any part of 
France, and there set on shore. 

One of H.M.'s vessels to convey despatches to 
Major-Gen. Irwin at Gibraltar. 



In Criminal Papers, vol. 10, 1760-66. 

Mr. Edward Sedgeley, merchant 



High Sheriff of Warwick, &c 



Mr. Edward Sedgeley, &c. 



Sheriffs of London and Mid- 
dlesex. 



Mr. John Stuart, contractor for 
the transports. 



Guy, John, if delivered into his custody, to 

be sent back to Gloucester, and 
Reddall, William, in the like contingency, to 

be detained. 

Reddall, William, a convict, to be received 
back into the gaol. 

The same to be sent back 

Richards, Frederick, a convict, to be received 
back into Newgate. 

The same to be sent back 



III Criminal Papers, vol. 12, 1766-70. 
J. F. Sydenham, Esq., con- 
tractor for transports. 



Hi-h Sheriff of Berks 



Ailesbury, Thomas, a convict, to be sent back 
to Reading gaol. 



The same to be received back into the 



In Dom. Entry Book, vol.24, 1765-79. 

Postmaster General - - r Maclane, Hugh,- 



Clerk of the House of Commons 
or his Assistant. 



Duke of Portland 



Master of the Jewel Office 
(Earl of Darlington'). 



all letters from beyond the 
directed for him at Mr. Howard's, 
apothecary in Tower Royal, London, to be 
opened, and copies sent to Mr. Secretary 
Conway's oiBce. [A letter from Mr. Gilbt. 
Francklyn, on behalf of the assignees, 
requesting this authorization, is entered on 
p. 91.] 

To send to General Conway's office copies 
of the resolutions which passed yesterday in 
the House of Commons relative to Ameri- 
can affairs. 

Howard, George, Esq., Lieut.-Gen. of H.M.'s 
Forces,— to issue the necessary orders for the 
customary allowance of plate, &c. to, on his 
appointment to be Captain General and 
Governor-in-chief of the Island of Minorca, 
&c. in the room of Lieut. Gen. Sir Richard 
Lyttelton, Knight of the Bath. 

To deliver a silver box, with His Majesty's 
arms engraven thereon, for the use of his 
Grace's ofiBce. 



2 Sept, 



22 May 



138 



CALENDAR OF 



17GG. 388. 


Miscellaneous Warrants— co«t. 






To wliom directed. 


For whom and what purpose. 


Date. 


Page. 


Lord Chancellor 


Berkeley, Frederick Augustus Earl of,— com- 
mission to be issued for him to be Gustos 
Eotulorum of the co. of Gloucester, vice 
Norborne Berkeley, Esq., now Lord Bote- 
tourt. 


25 June - 


110 


Lord Chamberlain 


Porten, Stanier, Esq., appointed Secretary 
to the Extraordinary Embassy to the Court 
of France,— customary allowance of plate. 
&c. to. 


11 July - 


114 


Muster of the Jewel Office 


Two silver boxes for the use of the Duke of 
Richmond's ofEee. 


18 „ 


114 


Lord Chamberlain 


Wentworth, John, Esq., Captaiu General and 
Govemor-in-ehief of New Hampshire,— 
customary allowance of plate, &c. to. 


22 „ 


115 


Do. 


Campbell, William, Esq., (Lord William 
Campbell), Governor of Nova Scotia, — do. 


„ „ - 


115 


Postmaster General 


Slater, Mary, otherwise Mary Braper,— to 
open and send copies to the Duke of 
Richmond's office, of all letters from Ire- 
land directed to her, either at Lady Towns- 
hend's house in Wliitehall, or at Thomas 
Slater's, in High Timber Street, near 
Brook's Wbarf, Upper Thames Sti-eet. 


29 „ 


115 


Do. 


Butler, Joseph or Samuel, nailors and natives 
of Staffordshire, — to open and send copies 
of all letters directed to them. 


29 Sept. - 


118 


Do. 


Eaybold, John. ~1 

Parks, Daniel, in Scotland. 

Jones, Joseph, .at the King's Head, t 

Tower Hill, London. \^°- 
Hill, Mr., at the Anchor and Vine, 

Charing Cross. J 


3 Oct. - 


,„ 


Lord Chamberlain - 


Woodley, William, Esq., appointed Captain 
General and Governor-in-chief of H.M.'s 
Leeward Charibbee Islands, in the room of 
George Thomas, Esq., now Sir George 
Thomas, Bart.,— customary allowance of 
plate, &c. 


13 „ 


121 


Clerk of the Stnbles 


The Morocco Ambassador,— to send a coaeh- 
and-six down to Pljnnouth to bring him up 
to town, and to allow the charges. 


9 Nov. - 


124 


Master of the Ceremonies (Sir 
C. C. Dormer). 


To provide for the reception and accommoda- 
tion of the same, in the usual manner. 




125 


Totts, Henry, Esq. 


The letters (see above, 3rd Oct.) to be no 
longer stopped or opened. 


18 „ 


126 


Lord Chamberlain 


Gray, Sir James, Bart., and Knight of the 
Bath, appointed Ambassador Extraordinary 
and Plenipotentiary to the Catholic King, — 
customary allowance of plate. 


19 „ 


126 


Do. . . - 


Erskine, David Stuart, Esq. (Lord Cardross), 
appointed Secretary to the preceding Em- 
bassy, — similar allowance | 


" " 


127 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



139 



388. Miscellaneous Waee ants— cot? f. 



To whom directed. 



For whom aud what purpose. 



Master of the Je 



A silver box for the Earl of Shelbm:ne'i 
office. 



In Military Entry Booh, vol. 28, 1763-82. 



Secretary-at-War (Lord Bar- 
rington). 



Lord Chaucellor 



Secretar}--at-War 



To send a li>t of all the General Officers 
absent fi-om their respective corps in North 
America, with the time when the leaves 
were obtained. 

Draper, Sir William, to hold his government 
of North Yarmouth, notwithstanding his 
exchange with Col. Gisbome. 

To give the orders necessary in consetiuenee 
of His Majesty's determination to augment 
the garrison of Gibraltar by 400 men, so as 
to raise the two Irish battalions there to the 
British establishment. 

Hale, Col., — the two troops of his regiment of 
Light Dragoons stationed in the Isle of 
Man to return to Ireland. 



Burton, Major Gen., — to return to England 
immediately, as his presence will be neces- 
sary on Governor Murray's arrival. 



Cavendish, Lord George, — to issue the neces- 
sary commission, the King having appointed 
him CiJStos Rotulormn for the co. of Derby, 
vice the Marquess of Granby. 

To give orders to augment the 54th Foot now 
on the Irish establishment, and in garrison 
at Gibraltar, to the nimiber of the British 
establishment. 



In Treasury Entry Book, vol. 1, 1763-75. 

Lords of the Treasury - - i L'Arbiel Misteri, Morocco Ambassador,— to 
send orders to the Commissioners of Cus- 
toms to deliver to him certain skins duty 
I free, &c. 

In Warrant Booh, vol. 30, 1760-66. 

er of the Great Wardiobe, Liveries for the Yeomen of the Guard and 
Warders of the Tower of London. 



Deputy Earl Marshal of England 



President, Vice-President, &e. 
of the Artillery Company, 
London. 



Keate, Htmgerford, Esq., and his heirs, — to 
take, in addition to his own name, the name 
of Hungerford, and to use and bear the 
arms of the late Walter Hungerford, of 
Studiey House, in the par. of Calne, in 
the CO. of Wilts, Esq., deceased. 

Authority to exercise the Company in arms in 
the Artillery ground near Moorfields, aud 
elsewhere, and to hold courts, free and 
public, for the annual choice of officers, and 
other occasions. 



;8 May 



140 



CALENDAR OF 



1766. 



388. Miscellaneous Warrants — cont. 



To whom directed. 



For -nhom and what purpose. 



In ffurraiit Book, vol.31, 1765-69. 



Treasurer of the Chamber (Right 
Hon. Gilbert Elliot). 



Chief Justice of King's Bench, 



Treasurer of the Chamber 



Keeper of the Privy Seal 
(Chatham). 



Lord Chancellor (Baron Camden) 
Do. do. 



[Treasurer of the Chamber] 



Castle, William, Esq.,— bill for stationery 
supplied by him allowed. 



Lee, Samuel, surgeon, convicted of perjury, 
to be discharged from custody on giving 
bail to appear to plead his free pardon. 



To pass grants dependiug 



Authority, &c. to grant the custody of idiots 
and lunatics. 



Do. to grant briefs for collections on behalf 
of losses sustained by fire, shipwreck, &e. 



Do. 
In War rant Book, vol. 32, 1766-70. 



Surveyor and Auditor of the 
Accounts of the Great Ward- 
robe. 

Master of the Great Wardrobe - 



Treasurer of the Chamber 
Deputy Earl Marshal 



Asburnham, John, Earl of. Master of the 
Great Wardrobe, — livery e\ery year at the 
Feast of the Nativity. 

Lord Chamberlain of the House-"^ 

hold (Duke of Portland). | t;.^„ ■„, 

Tailor in ordinary ( Mark Gueneau). I J4"v 
Musicians in ordinaiy (Richard ! ^ ^ 
Adams, Rouse Crompton, and | ^ 
Charles Scola). J 



Castle, William, — bill for stationery allowed - 

Mill, John, of Bisham Abbey, in the eo. of 
Berks, Esq.,— license to use the surname of 
Hoby-Mill, and arms of Hoby. 



28 April 
2S June 



12 July 



15 July 
12 Sept. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



141 



IRELAND. 



389. Irelaxd. Creatioxs. 

Kixg's Letters, countersigned hy one of the Secretaries of State, and addressed 
to the Lord Lieutenant or other the Chief Governor or Governors of Ireland 
for the time being, to cause Letters Patent to pass the Great Seal, 
containing Grants of Dignities in Ireland. 

*.^* The usual official letters from the Lord Lieutenant, recommending these Creations, 
are to be found in Ireland, vol. 426, and a])probations of the same in Ireland Entry Booli, 
1761-70. 

Date. m&^V;l 



Name. 



Style and Title or Dignity, 



iLet Bk. «'S.Ofr. 



In King's Letter Booh, vol. V. 

f<t. George, Richard, Ksq., mem- 
ber of Parliament for Athlone, | 
in the co. of Westmeath. 

Bhmden, John, Esq., member of , 
Parliament for the city of 
Kilkeniiy. 

Annesley, William Lord, of 
Castlewillan. 

Kingston, Edward Lord, of , 
Rockingham. 



Meade, Sir John, Bart. 



Parnell, John, Esq., of Rath- 
league. 



Mackenzie, Kenneth, Esq. 



I, 176.5-76 ; and also in Signet Offiee, vol. 23, 
A Baronet of Ireland - -31 Jan. 



Viscount Glcrawly, in the co. of Fcr- 2.3 Sept. 
managh. 



Viscount Kingston, of Kingsborough, 
in the co. of Sligo. 



Earl of Ely, in the co. of Wicklo 



Baron Gillford, of the manor of Gill- 
ford, in the co. of Down, and Vis- 
count Clanwilliam, of the barony of 
Clanwilliam, iu the co. of Tipperary. 



Stewart, Robert, of Newtown, 
Esq. 

Kildare, James Marquess of - : Duke of Leiuster 



Nugent, Robert, of Carlanstan, 
in the co. of Westmeath, 



Baron of Ardelve and Viscount Fort- 
rose, in the co. of Wicklow. 



Ardes, iu the co. of Downe 



iaron Nugent, of Carlanston, in the I 9 Dee. 
said county, and Viscoimt Clare. 

I 



Grandison, Elizabeth Viscoun- 
tess, of Dromand, in the co. 
of Waterford. 



14i2 



CALENDAR OF 



390. Iret-and. King's LettePxS (Secretary of State). 

King's Letters, countersigned liy one of tlio Secretaries of State, and addressed 
to the Lord Lieutenant or other the Chief Governor or Governors of 
Ireland for the time being, to issue out the usual pi-ocesses for the Appoint- 
ments in Ireland undermentioned, or to give the necessary directions 
for other i^vn-poses. 

*^* The usual official letters from the Lord Lieutenant to the Secretary of State, 
desiring that these King's letters be jDrepared, are to be found in the series for Ireland, 
vols. 426 and 430. 



Ill King's Letter Booh, rol. 12, 1765-76; a7id also in Siejnet Office, vol. 23. 

Printer general 



Grierson, Boulter, executors, 
administrators, and assigns. 

Shannon, Richard Earl of 

Branden, William Baron, of the 
CO. of Kerry. 

Butler, Brinsley, Esq., com- 
monly called Lord Viscount 
Newto-nn. 

Mayne, Sir William, Bart., 
Member of Parliament for the 
borough of Carysfort, in the 
CO. of Wicklow. 

BroTrnloTT, William, Esq., knight 
of the shire for the co. of 
Armagh. 

Devonshire, William Duke of - 

Meath, Arthur Bishop of 



Maxwell, Dr. Henry, Bishop of 
Dromore, vice Dr. Arthur 
Smith. 



Newcome, Dr. Wi 



Chief Justice of the King's 
Bench for the time being. 



Mason, Henry Mark, Esq. 
Hertford, Earl of 



Master General of the Ordnance 
To be of the Privy Council 

To be of the same 
To be of the same 

To bo of the same 



Archbishop of Dublin and Bi.shop of 
Glandelagh. 



Bishop of Meath 



Bishop of Dromore - . . 

Occasionally to supply the place of the 
Chancellor in the Upper House of 
Parliament in Ireland. 

Chief Engineer - - - 

Leave to return to England, and to 
appoint John Baron BoTves, of 
Clonlyon, Charles Earl of Drogheda, 
and John Ponsonby, Esq., Speaker 
of the House of Commons, to be 
Lords Justices during his absence. 



10 Jan. 

8 Feb. 
19 „ 



13 March 
10 April 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



14.3 



176G. 390. Ireland. King's Letters (Secretary of State) — cont. 



Name. 


Office, &c. 


Date. 


Pagept 
Let'^Bk. 


Page ot 


Conway, Henry Seymour, Esq.J 
Conway, Robert Seymour, Esq.1 


Clerk of the Crown in Ireland, Pro- 
thonotary and Clerk of the Common 
Pleas, and Keeper of the Writs, 
Rolls, &c,, in reversion after Henry 
Boyle Carter, Esq. 


U April - 


76 


132 


Hutchinson, John Hely, Esq., 
Prime Serjeant-at-Law in 
Ireland. 


Principal Secretary of State in Ireland, 
and Keeper of the Signet or Privy 
Seal there, after the decease of Philip 
Tisdal, Esq. 


3 May - 


81 


156 


Ponsonby, Jolin, Esq., Spealier 
of the Irish House of Com- 
mons, and one of the Lords 
Justices. 


Licence to come to England for six 
months. 


12 June - 


92 


174 


Donegal, Arthur Earl of 


To be sworn of the Privy Council - 


13 „ 


93 


175 


Clanbrassil, James Earl of 


To be sworn of the same 


.. „ 


94 


176 


Wynne, Owen, Esq., knight of 
the shire of the co. of Sligo. 


To be .sworn of the same 


„ „ - 


9-i 


176 


Pole, William, Esq., knight of 
the shire of Queen's county. 


To be sworn of the same 


„ „ - 


94 


176 


Averell, John, D.D., vice Charles 
Massey. 


Dean of Limerick 


25 „ 


95 


183 


Hawkins, James, D.D., vice Dr. 
John Ayerell. 


Dean of Emiy 


„ „ - 


96 


184 


Bayly, Edward, clerk, rector of 
KiJkeel and Kilmogan, in the 
CO. of Down, vice Sir Philip 
Hoby, Bart., deceased. 


Dean of Ardfert, in the diocese of 
Ardfert, united to the see of Lunerick. 


11 July - 


98 


191 


Foster, Anthony, Esq., vice Ed- 
ward Willes, Esq. 


Cliief Baron of the Court of Exchequer 


5 Sept. - 


101 


217 


Digby, WilUam, JI. A., vice Wil- 
liam Crowe, M.A. 


Dean of St. Kevin, in the diocese of 
Clonfert. 


25 „ 


108 


222 


Hervey, Augustus, Esq. 


To be sworn of the Privy Council 


U Oct. - 


109 


225 


Foster, Anthony, Esq., Chief 
Baron of the Court of Ex- 
chequer in Ireland. 


To be sworn of the same 


11 Nov. - 


110 


243 


Malone, Edmund, Esq., Second 
Serjeant-at-Law in Ireland. 


One of the Justices of the Court of 
Common Pleas. 


1!) Dec. - 


115 


252 



Ill 



CALENDAR OF 



391. Ireland. King's Lettees (Treasury). 

King's Letters, countersigned by the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, and 
addressed to the Lord Lieutenant or other the Chief Governor or Governors 
of Ireland for the time being, to give the necessary orders or to issue out 
the necessary processes for puii^oses as below. 



For the Warrants in the Signet Office Books, countersigned by the Secretary 
of State, see preceding list. 



For whom and ivhat purpose. 



Page. 



Li Signet Office, vol. 23, 1765-70. 

Seaton, Christopher, Chief Engraver of the Seals,— .566/. 2s. 7rf. to, for seals, &c. 
for Ireland. 

Commissioner of Revenue, vice .Sir Richard Cox, 

Vice Treasurer of Ireland, — aceounts of, to be settled quarterly 

Governor and Corporation of Horse-breeders in the count}- of Down, — 
100 guineas per aniuim to be paid to, for a plate to be run for yearly at Doivn- 
patrick and at the Maze meeting alteniately. 

Eyre, Thomas, Esq 
Blair, Thomas, ^' 
Mercer, Luke, 
Hamilton, Henry 

Dinglecoushe, otherwise Dinginicushc, Comptroller of Custoius, 
400/. per annum to be placed on the civil establishment for the ofhce 



IS, Esq., "1 
as, Esq., Il,.50 

e, Esq., and ( SI 
[enry, Esq., J 



Ordnance, officers of, in Ireland,— 1,750/. to, to pay for arms 

Eoyal Hospital, — 3,000/. to, out of revenues at large in Ireland 

Albemarle, Earl of,— pension of SOO/. on the Civil establishment of Ireland, ] 

determined, and in lieu thereof - - - - - - I 

Keppel, Henrv, Esq.,— pension of .300/. per annum - - -( 

Adair, Lady Caroline,— pension of 500/. per annum - - - J 

Grierson, Boulter,- 6,252/. 2s. 9d. in full discharge of his account for printing 
and binding the Statutes at Large of Ireland. 

Greene, William, — 1,292/. ls.4(/. to discbarge several accounts relating to Public 
Bills passed in Ireland. 

Ordnance in Ireland,— alterations to he made in the establishment according to 
the annexed estimate [which is also entered]. 

•en high and low 
• of Down. 



Ward, Bernard, Esq., — grant of that part of the seashore 
water, commonly called the Strand of Killough, in the ( 



Officersof the House of Peers in Ireland,— 4,476/. lSs.4(/.fortheirserviccslast session 

Speakers of the two Houses of Parliament, Clerk of the Council, Attorney aiid 
Solicitor General, and others, — 2,385/. rewards for services ; part to be paid in 
Ireland, part in Great Britain. 



S Jan. 
5 March - 
1 1 April - 



[Nos. 142-9 inclusive 
here omitted in the 
paging.] 



2 May 



.[Second 
] num- 
bering.] 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



145 



176G. 391. Ireland. King's Letters (Treasury) — cont. 



For whom and -what purpose. 



Page. 



Iloiighton, Capt. Charles, — his pension of 200/. per annum determined, and 
100/. per annum granted to him, and 100/. to his wife Elizabeth, during 
the King's pleasure. 

Armagh, Archbishop of, — grant of a piece of ground in Phoenix Park for a 
hospital for soldiers" children. 

Royal Hospital in Ireland, — 5,000/. out of the revenues at large 

Ossory, Bishop o^ "1 j_ j.^^, g^^^-^^^ Queen's Bridge, in the county of 

Mossom Eland, Esq., and ^ Kilkenny. " 
Waite, Thomas, J •' 

Lord Chancellor of Ireland, — 1,000/. in addition to liis customary allowance this 
session of Parliament. 

The going Judges of Assize and Gaol Delivery, — increase of allowance, lOO/. 
per annum each for each circuit. 

Ordnance in Ireland, oiEcers of, — 3,179/. 5s. Sd. out of the revenues at large to 
enable them to discharge sundry accounts. 

Commissioners and overseers of the barracks, — 46,720/. for building, rebuilding, 
and repairing barracks. A list of those most wanted on p. 2U6. 

Certain regiments on the Irish establishment, — sufficient allowance to each for a 
surgeon's mate. 

Draper, Sir WiUiam, — 12s. 6d. a day half-pay as a reduced Colonel of Foot, 
in the room of Colonel Gisborne. 

29th, o2ud, and o9th Regiments discontinued on the military establishment of 
Ireland, and the 40th, 44th, and 45th placed thereon. 

Commissioners of First Fruits,— 6,000/. to be laid out in building new churches 
and rebuilding old ones. 

Humphry, Margaret, — 400/. per annum as housekeeper of Dublin Castle, in full 
satisfaction for coal and candles, servants' wages, and all other necessaries for 
keeping, airing, and cleaning, according to the report of the Committee in 
Council of 13th of last month. The report entered on pp. 207-9. 

Majors of Foot in Ireland, — augmentation of 1 s. a day each in pay 

Camden, Charles Baron, of Camden Place, in the county of Kent, Chancellor of 
Great Britain, — 1,500/. pension in Ireland for life, but determinable, never- 
theless, as soon as the grant of the office of one of the four Tellers of the 
Exchequer to his only son, John Jeffreys Pratt, Esq., shall take place. 

Wilmot, Sir Robert, \ 200/. each for extraordinary services performed here dur- 
Sharpe,William,Esq., J ing the last Session of Parliament in Ireland. 

Oswald James, Esq., | ^ ^ j. yice-Treasurer and Receiver 

%'::i:^:'Jr^':if''-' ^°' j -^ Pa,-master-General of Ireland. 

Fees arising from wool licenses,^deficiency from 4,000/. between 7th Aug. 1765 
and 6th Aug. 1766, to be made good, being a part of the revenue of the Lord 
Lieutenant. 

Bristol, George WiUiam Earl of — 3,000/. for equipage and expenses of the 
voyage as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 



10 June 

3 July 
■4 » 



Aug. 



]1G 



CALENDAK OF 



391. Ireland. King's Letters (Treasury) — cont. 



vliat purpose. 



md the 
ilarv of 



Jocej'Iyn, Robert Viscount, and 1 searcher of the port of Galwav 
Jocelyn, Robert, his son, J survivor of thorn,— additional 

600/. per annum during pleasure. 

Auditor General,— 200/. per annum augmentation to office of, and! jj^^^j^ <TrintB 
Jocelyu, Robert Viscount, Auditor General of Ireland,— -i 00/. per l . t , i 
annum additional salary to - - - - - J 



additional 
f Engineers, — 1").«. 



Seneschal of tin 



-200/. per annum 



Barry, Robert, Esq., — 400/. per a 
manors in Ireland. 

Marcell, Major Lewis, Director ( 
establishment during pleasure. 

Lyndon, Anne and Helena, spinsters, and survivor of then 
pension on the military establishment during pleasure. 

Skiffington, Umigerford, Esq., — 150/. per annum pension on the same - 

Cliff, Aime, an officer's widow, — 100/. per annum pension on the same 

Cowse, Nicholas, Esq.,— So/, per annum pension on the same 

Candler, Edward, Gent.,— 70/. per annum - - - ] pj,nj.;on5 „„ 

Stannus, Lieutenant Thomas, — 3o/. per annum in addition to the J- tijisanie 
50/. he now enjoys - - - - - J 

Southwell, William, late a Lieutenant in the late Corps of Inniskilllng Light 
Dragoons, — 3s. a day pension on the militaiy establishment of half pay, as an 
additional reduced Lieutenant of Dragoons in Ireland. 

Willes, Edward, Esq., late Chief Raron of the Court of E.xchcquer in Ireland,— 
1,000/. per annum pension for hfe. 

Conway, Henry Seymour, Esq., — grant of office of Constable of the Castle of 
Dublin for life, on surrender or other determination of the grant to Thomas 
Hatton, Esq. 

Coleman, Edward, Esq.. Captain in the 1st or Royal Regiment of Dragoons, — 
grant of office of craner and wharfinger within the port of the city of Dublin, 
&c., for life, after-decease of Henry Tilson, Esq. 

Webb, Lieutenant Thomas, late of the 48lh Foot, — to continue on half-pay as a 
reduced Lieutenant in the 120th Regiment on the military establishment of 
Ireland, notwithstanding his being barrack -master of Albany; and dispensing 
with his taking the oath required. 

20/. 10.«. for keeping arms in repair, one year 



Royal Hospital,— 6,000/. out of revenues at large in Ireland 

Houghton, Elizabeth, widow of the late Capt. Charles Houghton,- 50/. 
pension on military establishment of Ireland, from death of he 
husband, and during pleasure. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



117 



1766. 



SCOTLAND. 

392. Scotland. Apivjint.ments, \-c. (Great Seal). 

Warrants, countersigned by one of the Secretaries of State, for Patents to lie 
pas.sed, per saltwm, under the Seal appointed by the Treaty of Union to be 
made use of instead of the Great Seal of Scotland, containing Grants (jf 
Offices, &e. in Scotland. 



In Church Booh, Scotland, 1 \ 
Glasgow, John Earl of 



In Scotch JVarrants, 1765-74. 

Lauderdale, James Earl of - j 



Falconer, Mr. Alexauder 
Falconer, George, his son 



Lauraguais, Count 
the city of Londo 



Miller, Thomas, of Barskiming, 
Esq., late H.M.'s Advocate 
for Scotland. 

Montgomer}-, James, Esq., 
Advocate, late II.M.'s 
Solicitor for Scotland. 

Dundas, Henry, Advocate 

Fall, Kobert, Esq. 



Cranage,ThomaB,of Bridgnorth, 
in the co. of Salop, forgeman. 

Cranage, George, of Colebrook 
Dale, in the same co., founder. 



Mackenzie, James Stuart 



61-8y. 

ILM.'s High Commissioner to the General 
Assembly of the Church of Scotland. 

One of the Commissioners of I'olice 



Deputy Keeper of the Particular Register of 
Seasines and Iteversions iu the borough of 
Lauder. 

Sole vending and making for 14 years of 
porcelain made by a method invented by 



Lord Justice Clerk 



H.M.'s Advocate 



Sole use and benefit for 14 years, arising from 
his discovery by heating iliiids by a new 
mechanical contrivance for the application 
of the fire. 

f Do. Do. from art of making pig or cast 
I iron malleable in a reverberatory or air fur- 
J nace, with raw pitcoal onl}'. [Their petition, 
1 and a reference to the Lord Advocate of 
Scotland for a report thereon, is entered in 
[_ Petitions, 1765-84, p. 27.] 



Keeper of the 



vy r> 



al of Scotia 



2G Apri 



30 „ 



26 April 



148 



CALENDAR OF 



1766. 

393. Scotland. Appointments (Peivy Seal). 

Warrants, covintersigned by one of the Secretaries of State, for Patents, kc. to lie 
passed under the Privy Seal of Scotland, containing Grants of Offices 
in Scotland. 



Name. 


Office. 


Date. 


Page. 


In Scotch Warrants, 1765-74. 






Cockburn, Mr. Thomas - 


Writer to IT. M.'s Signet - 


14 March - 


19 


Gregory, Dr. John, vice Dr. 
Robert -White. 


H.M.'s First Physician 


12 May 


52 


Stevenson, Dr. Alexander, 
physician in Glasgow, and 
member of the Royal College 
of Physicians at Edinburgh, 
vice Dr. Joseph Black. 


Professor of Medicine in the TTnivcrsity of 
Glasgow. 


.30 June 


.55 


Clark, Samuel, vice John Hynd 


Clerk of the Commissariat of Dumfries 


18 Nov. - 


73 


Mackenzie, Mr. Charles, vice 
Mr. James Campbell, deed. 


Deputy Keeper- of the Particular Register of 
Seasines and Reversions within the co. of 
Caithness. 


16 Dec. - 


(8 



394. Scotland. Appointments made by the Secretary of State (Conway). 


Name. 


Office, &c. 


Date. 


Page. 


In Scotch Warrants, 1765-7^ 
Clark, Mr. Samuel, vice John 
Hind. 

Mackenzie, Mr. Charles 


Clerk to the Justices of the Peace within the 
CO. of Dumfries. 

Do. Do. within the co. of Caithness 


29 Nov. - 
31 Dec. - 


75 
80 



395. Scotland. Church, 

Warrants for Letters of Presentation, &c. to be passed under the Privy Seal 

of Scotland. 



In Church Booh, Scotland, 1761-84, 
Fergus, Mr. Thomas, preacher Preacherof the Go.spel to the parish of Denny, 
of the Gospel, vice Mr. Turn- in the presbytery and co. of Stirling, 
bull. 



Forsyth, Mr. James, preacher 
of the Gospel, y/cc Mr, Thomas 
Ragg, deceased. 

Grant, Mr. Patrick, minister of 
Daviot, vice Mr. Thomas 
Fraser, deceased. 

Forbes, Mr. Cienrgc, vice 
Mr. Garden, deceased. 



Minister of the church and parish of Belhelvie, 
in the presbytery and shire of Aberdeen. 



Do. do. of Bole.skine iu Stratherick, in the 
presbytery of Abertaff and shire of 
Inverness. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



149 



17GG. 



395. ScoTLAXD. CnuKCH.— eon^. 



Drysdale, Mr. Jolm, miuister of 
the Gospel. 

Wallace, Dr. Robert, 
Wishart, Dr. George, 
Drysdale, Dr. Johu, 

three of H.M.'s chaplains in | 
Scotlanil. J 

Fraser, llr. John, preacher of 
the Gospel, vice Mr. Robert 
Thompson, deceased. 



Maitland, ilr. William, preacher 
of the Gospel. 

Bogie, Mr. Robert, preacher of 
the Gospel, vice Mr. West, 
deceased. 



ordinary 



Grant to, of the few and teind duties, &c. 
belonging to the Chapel Royal iu Scotland, 
comprehending therein ihe Abbacy of 
Cross-Regal and Dundrennan. 

Minister of the church and parish of Kirkhill, 
in the presbytery and co. of luverness. 



Do. do. of Mulhill, in the presbytery of 
Auchterarder and co. of Perth. 



Do. do. of Tarland, in the presbytery of 
Kincardine and co. of Aberdeen. 



Minister of the church of Logic, in the 
presbytery of Coupar and shire of Fife. 



10 July 

21 „ 

19 Aug. 
25 July 

11 Dec. 



Page 



396. Scotland. Criminals, Pardons, &c. 

Warrants for Letters of Kemission to be passed under the Seal appointed by 
the Treaty of Union to be made use of in i)lace of the Great Seal of 
Scotland, or Letters containino- Respites. 



Nature 
of Document. 


Name of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried or 
confined. 


Date. 


Page. 


la Church Book, Scotland, 1761-84. 










Free pardon - : Preston, Helen - Murder of her 

; i child. 


Death - 


Inverness 


June 


lOS 


In Criminal Papers, Scotch, vol. 1, 1762-84. 










Respite for one 


Watt, Helen 


Murder 


Do. 


Aberdeen - 


3 Oct. 


48 


Respite for three 
weeks. 


Douglas, David, 
late tinman, iu 
the CO. of Dur- 


Horse-scealmg 


Do. 


Jtdbiugh - 


15 „ 


49 


Do. 


Haddon, James - 


House -break- 
in!^ and rob- 
bery. 


Do. 


Air - - 


J9 „ 


57 


Sentence not to] 
be put into \ 
execution. J 


Watt, Helen -1 
Keith, David -/ 


Murder 


Do. 


Aberdeen - 


6 Nov. 


58 


Free pardon 


Watt, Helen 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


., „ 


59 


Do. - 


;Keith, David 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


„ „ 


61 


Do. 


Grant, John - 


Riot - 


Transportation 


Inverness - 


26 „ 


6.3 



[This I 



riction, served with credit in the • 



150 
1766. 



CALENDAR OF 



397. Scotland. Miscellaneous. 

Mlscellaxeous Warrants, countersigned by one of the Secretaries of State, 
relatiiio- to Scotch Affairs. 



i'or whom and -nhat purpose. 



In. Scotch JJ'arrants, 1765-74. 



Keeper of HohTood Palace 
(DiikeofHamiltou). 



Dunmore, 'William Earl of, to have the 
lodgings iu the palace of Holyrood House, 
lately possessed by James Lord Somerville. 

President of the College of [ Dalryniple, Sir David, of Hales, Bart., to be 
Justice and rest of the Sena- admitted a Lord of Session, vice George 

tors. Carre, of Nesbet, Esq. 



n.M.'s Advocate (Mr. Thomas"] 
JlillerV I 

Lord Justice Clerk (Sir Gil- I 
bert Elliot). ( 

H.ll.'s Solicitor (Mr. James | 
Montgomery). J 

of 



H.M.'s Advocate. 
Lord Justice Clerk. 
H.M.'s Solicitor. 



Kecommended to deliver the new seals 
directed by Order in Council (which is also 
entered) to be used in Scotland, to the 
proper officers, and to see the old ones 
defaced. 

Miller, Thomas, of Ruskiniing, Esq., Lord 
Justice Clerk, to be admitted a Lord of 
Session, vice Sir Gilbert Elliot, Bart., 
deceased. 

Dundas, Mr. Henry, Advocate, H.M.'s Sole 
Solicitor iu Scotland, to have a seat within 
the bar of the Court of Session. 

Recommended to deliver the cachet sent by 
the accompanying order of His Majesty in 
Council to the proper officer, and to see 
the old one defaced. 



Signet Bills. 



*^,* A series tints called contains Signed Bills jirepared pursuant to Warrants 
from the Secretary' of State. Those for ITUU are in Imndle 1:20. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 151 



A.D. 1767 



After 17CG. 398. Copy of a petition of Juan Pons y Axdreu, residing in 

AJmiraltv. the city of London, in the capacity of Syndic to the Court of 

PlI. 155, No.3C. Royal Government in the Island of Minorca, relative to a suit 

liy which he claimed the title to the secretaryship of the University 

of Mahon, &c. 2^ closely ivritten pp. 

I Jan. 399. The case of Sir James Stuart, Bart., against whom, on 
Scotch account of his behaviour during the rebellion in Scotland, a bill 

Cone.^pnce., was found by a grand jury in IT-tS, upon a clause in the statute 
i,63-9j, p. :ii. rendering it criminal to have any inter-communing with the 
Pretender or his adherents. 

It contains further information about him, mentioning that he 
was imprisoned in the Castle of Charlemont, in France, on sus- 
picion of corresponding with the English Government ; and gives 
an accoTmt of the efforts made to obtain a pardon. Referred to 
the Lord Justice Clerk on the above date. 

G Jan. 400. Wm. Fraser to Grey Cooper, Esq. 
lA'tt.l!k.,Sec-'s, Encloses a copy of a letter from Mr. Wood, Governor of the Isle 

i70G-7i,p.4. ^f jj-^j^^ ^f Dec. 5, 17(JG, to be laid before the Lords of the 
Treasury for their information. — St. James's. 

9 Jan. 401. Circular to Ministers. 
Circular Bk., Circular from Mr. Secretary Conwa}-, acknowledging letters 

1,61-80, p. 62. Jown to No. , and desiring them to begin fresh numbers 

with the new year. If this letter should not arrive in time to 
prevent them having continued the numbers of the last, Mr. Con- 
way will make the necessary alterations. Sent to Messrs. Gunning, 
Wroughton, CarroU, Fenwicke, and Cressener ; Lord Stormont ; 
Messrs. Greville, Correy, and Gordon ; and Sir A. Mitchell. 

P.S. to Mr. Greville, Mr. Cressener, and Sir J. Yorke, enclosing 
His Majesty's answers to the letters of congratulation upon the 
new year, respectively, from the Elector of Bavaria, the Elector 
of Cologne, and from the Elector of Treves and Prince Ferdinand, 
• — St. James's. 

II Jan. 402. Josiah Tucker, Dean of Gloucester, to the Earl of 

Dom. Geo. III., ShELBURNE. 

No^'i a*'b Encloses a copy of an incendiary letter that was put in the bo.K 

of the post office last night. Does not find there is any need of 



152 CALENDAR OF 

1767. 

taking the least alarm on the occasion, for the common people in 
all the clotliing counties are siilticiently frightened at the late 
executions ; and a scheme is likewise begun, mirnificently encou- 
raged by Lord Botetourt, for selling household bread to the poor at 
a low price. However, has just now sent to the gaol to get the 
rioters under sentence of death and respited during His Majesty's 
pleasure, to insert immediately in the Gloucester Journal an 
earnest supplication to their companions to desist from all such 
attempts, lest it shoidd provoke the Government to withckaw its 
mercy. Had the plan which he proposed at fu-st been adopted, 
viz., to associate in defence of Government, and to j^reserve the 
peace with one hand, and to subscribe for the relief of the deserving 
and meritorious poor with the other, all the mischiefs and expenses 
woidd have been prevented. — Gloucester. 
The enclosure. 3 2'>P- 

12 Jan. 403. The French Inhabitants of Grenada. 
Law Reports, Case Submitted to the Hon. C. Yorke with regard to Grenada, 

i7CG-8c,No.2. -^vhere the French residents have taken the oaths of allegiance, 
supremacy, and abjiu-ation, but cannot make the declaration against 
transubstantiation. Of the 24 meml^ers composing the Assembly, 
they desire to have six chosen out of their own people ; and of the 
12 members in Council, they desire two; and one justice of the 
peace in each quarter, of which there are fom- ; and they are now 
applying to the Administration to be indulged in these respects. 
In the Leeward Islands, Barbadoes, and Jamaica, they do not admit 
a person to be of the Council, Assembly, or a justice of peace, but 
such as not only take the oaths of allegiance, supremacy, and 
abjuration (which all the French at Granada have done), but also 
subscribe the declaration against transubstantiation ; and in Granada 
they follow the same rule. The questions submitted are : — ■ 

I. " Can or ought the Act dii-ecting the test, made so long before 
the conquest of these countries, inhabited by Roman Catholics only, 
to be considered as a prohibitory law, excluding every Roman 
Catholic from any civil office in his own country ? Or ought it to be 
considered as a law of Great Britain not extending to conquests ? " 

II. " Is it in the power of the King, on any good consideration, 
to dispense "nnith the test against transubstantiation in his new 
subjects in these conquered coimtries, either for ever or foi- any 
certain time ? Or can this test be dispensed with by Act of Parlia- 
ment only ?" 

Mr. Yorke's reply is wi-itten on the blank pages of the 
" case " submitted to him, apparently by his own hand. He 
says that in the new conquests, ceded by the late treaty, it is 
matter of political judgment whether His Majesty will require it 
to be taken by aU persons who may become members of the 
Assembly or Council, or be appointed justices of the jieace ; but that 
the statute does not extend to them. The treaty of peace stipidates 
only the free exercise and toleration of the Roman Catholic 
religion in the countries ceded by France. His Majesty is still the 
judge whether he will demand the test from persons emploj^ed in 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 153 



'offices of trust, or in any function relating to Government, so as to 
exclude his new subjects from any share in it. French Papists 
will readily enough renounce the supremacy of the Pope, and 
disclaim a foreign ecclesiastical jurisdiction ; but the test relates to 
a tenet of their religion and worship, and therefore cannot in con- 
science he taken by them. 

[It is mentioned that Canada was iuliabited by 80,000 French 
Roman Catholics, and 200 or 300 English only.] 

On the ha ck is .— " For Mr. Yorke's opinion. ,3 Ga^. Your opinion 
on this case is much wanted. Wilmot. Bloomsbury Square." 2^7m. 

13 Jan. 404. Invention. 
i76^-84''"'g9 Petition of Isaac Femi, of Oxford Street, in the liberty of 

' ''• ■ Westminster, watchmaker, for a patent in England, &c. for his in- 
vention of a new kind of horizontal clocks and watches, denotino- 
so nice a time as thirds, being the sixtieth part of a second, having 
four hands, going round every second, minute, hour, and twelve 
hours respectively. 

Referred to the Attorney and Solicitor General, 13 Jan. 

13 Jan. 405. L. Macleane to Chaeles Lowndes, Esq., Secretary to the 
Lett.Bk.,.See.'s, Treasiuy. 

i,oc-c8,p.4. Transmits a copy of the affida\'its of the Deputy Collector and 

Controller of Boston, and other affidavits, relative to an informa- 
tion of brandy and other liquors having been lodged clandestinely, 
kc. by one Dan Malcolm.— \^liitehall. 

14 Jan. 406. The Sa^^ie to the Sa3IE. 

^''-cSjs^"''-?' Transmits, for the uiformation of the Lords of the Treasury, 

' ^' ''' copies of affidavits and other pajiers sent by Deniiys de Berdt, Esq., 
Agent to the colony of Massachusetts, relative to " Malcolm's 
affair." 

16 Jan. 407. Commodore Spry to the Earl of Sheleurne. 
^v^isg""^ ' , ^'^^losing letters from Messrs. Hosier and Adams, merchants at 

No.'-iiatof. St. Cruz, Mr. Jacob Benider, H.M.'s Vice-Consul at Tangier, and 
Mr. Sumbel, the Emperor of Morocco's Secretary of State for 
European Affairs ; fi-om which will be seen his Imperial Majesty's 
present sentiments with regard to us ; and laying before his Lord- 
ship what passed in a private interview between him and this 
Sumbel. The latter stated that he could as easily have set aside 
the Spanish treaty as take a pinch of snuff ; but complained that 
though he had often been a friend to the English, they had never 
taken the least notice of him, while the Spaniards were very 
liberal. He said, however, that there was no need to entertain 
such jealousy of them, as, the whole nation being greatly dis- 
satisfied with their alliance, it was impossible long to continue 
friends, notwithstanding that they expected every horn- a Spanish 
Ambassador, who would bring great presents, in order to set a 
finishing hand to treaties that were already made, and othei's that 
were proposed. He intimated also that it would be in his power 



154 CALENDAR OF 

1767. 

to be of service on many occasions. Being very sensilile of this, 
he (the Commodore) promised that if Sumbel, in the negotia- 
tions which the Spaniards were carrying on, would have a regard 
to the interests of Great Britain, he should be mentioned to His 
Majesty's Principal Secretary of State, who woiild, no doubt, 
reward him. He answered that he knew very well it was the 
Emperor's interest to be friends with the English ; that he would 
take care of their interests at the Court of Mequinez, and that 
he expected no reward till his services .should merit it. He 
then said the Emperor was so much di,sgusted with the French 
King for his late attack upon Larach, that he swore solemnly 
he never would forgive that nation, and that the truce he made 
with them was only to gain time to fortify that harbour. The 
Emperor had ^vTitten to the King of England to send him an 
engineer and some masons. Sumbel promised to send through 
the channel of Mr. Benider, the English Vice-Consul at Tangier, 
who is a Jew, and speaks Arabic perfectly well, accounts of what 
should pass from time to time at his Court ; and at parting, said he 
was strictly charged by the Emperor to desire the appointment of 
a Vice-consul at Sallee. This, the Commodore observes, is, a thing 
much wanted, which would be of great benefit to trade, as there is 
scarce any communication by land, and none at all by sea, between 
Tetuan, the residence of the Consul General, and the ports of Safty, 
Sallee, St. Cruz, and Mogador, all lying on the southern coast, 
where the chief of our trade, except the supplies of provisions for 
Gibraltar, is carried on, and from whence we fetch mules for West 
India Islands, corn, flour, wax, copper, and morocco leather. For 
this appointment recommends Mr. Jacob Benider, the Vice-Consul 
at Tangiers ; who, beside being a perfect mastei' of the language, is 
well known to the Emperor and his Ministers, and would therefore 
be very acceptable to them. He is willing to remove for a salary 
of lOOZ. a year, Avhich is as little as can be given him, considering 
the Emperor visits all this country at least once a year, and is 
generally two or three months on his tour, all which time the 
Vice-Consul will be obliged to attend him. 

The Moori-sh Ambassador, who has been some time at the Court 
of Madrid, has arrived at Cadiz on his return to Morocco. The 
very extraordinary reception he has met with in Spain, his Lord- 
ship will see by the enclosed extract from a letter from Capt. 
Dickson, of H.M.S. " Jersey." He is accompanied by Don Jorge 
Juan, a man of rank, who goes Ambassador to the Court of Morocco. 
The presents he carries are exceedingly rich and magnificent, and 
valued at 140,000 hard dollars, among which is a velvet tent, em- 
Ijroidered with gold, for the Emperor, that cost 50,000. Should 
Mr. Sumbel disclose the secrets of this negotiation, submits 
whether he may not make him a handsome present. They want 
to distress the garrison of Gibraltar biy purchasing all the cattle 
near Tangier. From being in Barbary, has learnt this lesson, that 
tlie Emperor fears, and the common people love, us more than any 
other European nation. Is convinced that a little occasional 
bullying will have more weight than all the Spanish jiresents ; for 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 165 



1767. 

should this peace he made to our prejudice, and occasion the least 
rupture, it is his opinion that an insurrection would verj- soon 
follow. 

Begs to have the appointment of Minister to the Republic of 
Genoa, like his predecessor, Commodore Harrison. — Gibraltar. 

The enclosui-es, Mr. Sumbcl's, two in number, being in French. 
20 2^2^- und j)arts of pp- 
17 Jan. 408. Mr. Secretaey Conway to Sir Chas. Frederick. 
Dom.EntryBk., His Suggestion relative to the firing of the Tower guns on the 
V. .0, 11. ... occasion of Her Majesty's birthday has been complied with. — 
St. James's. 

20 Jan. 409. P. M. MoRiN to the Clerk of the Council in waiting. 

Dom. Entn-Bk., Sending an extract from a letter from Sir James Wright, H.M.'s 

V. 24, p. 13U. Resident at Venice, so far as relates to the plague said to have 

broken out on the confines of the Austrian Croatia, adjoining the 

Turkish territory.— Whitehall. 

20 Jan. 410. House of Commons. 

Doni.EntiyBk., List of papers laid before the House of Commons by the 
V. 24, p. r . Treasurer of the Household, in consequence of their address of 
Dec. 9, 17G6 ; consisting of the petition of the East India Company 
to His Majesty in 17-57, and documents relatmg thereto. 

21 Jan. 411. Richard Wolfall to Mr. Burke. 

Dora. (leo. III., Enclosing a letter to himself from Mr. Stonehewer in rejily to 
No^'a'Vtoc "^'^"^ ^® wi'ote Jan. 9th, a copy of which is also enclosed. 

From these letters it appears that this Mr. Wolfall first applied 
to Genl. Conway, offering to supply an account of the state of the 
French finances ; and the result was a negotiation, which extended 
over 18 months, during which time he attended Mr. Conway, and 
met with much kindness from him. His affair was then passed over 
to the Duke of Grafton, and his proposal entertained ; viz., that he 
should be constantly employed in getting over from France all tlie 
ordonnances, arrets, edicts, declaration.s, and other publications 
relating to their commerce and finances as they occurred, and in 
properly arranging them in order to be laid before the difi'erent 
departments. For these services he asked for an establishment for 
life of 500Z. a year. This the Duke of Grafton would not under- 
take to advise, but said he would be ready to recommend to His 
Majesty whatever Genl. Conway should think a suitable satisfac- 
tion for his attendance upon him ; Mr. Wolfall's papers being at the 
same time returned to him, with the assurance that in regard to them 
the strictest secrecy had been observed, that not a word had been 
copied, and that the confidence with which he communicated them 
would not at any time be in the least degree abused. In consequence 
of this, Mr. Wolfall again applied to Genl. Conway, through 
Mr. Burke, asking him to speak to the Duke of Grafton upon the 
subject, oflering to accept, in case it should be inconvenient to 
settle upon him a pension for life, any employ in England or the 
settlements ; or, if this should be inconvenient too, throwing himself 



156 CALENDAR OF 



upon Genl. Conway's humanity for what he and the Dnke of 
Grafton should think an equitahle imdemnifieation for his loss of 
time and f^reat expense during this " unhappy negociation." 
7 and 2 half pi). 

23 Jan. 412. Eael of Shelburne to Commodore Spry. 

Admnaity, Conveying His Majesty's approbation of his conduct, kc, and 

pc . 15/, 0. 1. (lii-ecting him to assist Venetian vessels with such offices of friend- 
ship as may not be inconsistent ^vith the amity siibsisting between 
His Majesty and the Regency of Algiers, in the event of a rupture 
between the latter and the Republic of Venice. — Whitehall. 1 ^). 

24 Jan. 413. P. M. Morin to the Clerk of the Council in waiting. 
Dom.EntryBk., Enclosing copies of another letter from Sir James Wright, and a 

Y. 24, [1. 132. circular letter from the " Magistrates of the Health Office at Venice," 
sent therewith, which contains not only a more circumstantial 
account than that in Sir James's of the 2nd, of the breaking out 
of the plague in Austrian Croatia, but also of a great mortality 
among horned cattle in other parts of the Austrian dominions. — 
Wliitehall. 

27 Jan. 414. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Attorney General. 
Law Officers In consequence of information received in Apiil last from some 

''rcL^'^ ' '-'^ ^^^^ principal persons concerned in the Garron (sic) Company in 
P]..' 11 1-1-1. Scotland, of artificers, manufacturers, &c. being enticed from Great 
Britain in foreign countries, Sir John Goodricke, H.M.'s Envoy 
Extraordinary in Sweden, was directed to endeavour to prevail 
upon some of these persons who were gone to establish themselves 
near Gothenbm-gh to return to England, and to inform them of the 
penalties to which they were liable in case of refusal. The enclosed 
narrative of what passed between them and Mr. Marriott, then 
residing at Gothenburgh as chaplam to the English Factory, will in- 
form him of the steps taken in consequence. The Attorney General 
is to report his opinion whether these persons, as described by 
Mr. Marriott, come within the meaning of the Acts made for 
preventing manufacturers, &rc. establishing themselves in foreign 
countries ; whether the notice given to them by Mr. Marriott will 
be sufficient for prosecuting them ; and, if not, what are the proper 
steps to be taken. 

" The Rev. Mr. Marriot's narrative." Authorized by Sir John 
Goodricke, he enquired after, and found out with great difficulty, 
James Kennaway, George Graham, Nieman Wise, and Peter Clark, 
Scotch manufacturers, and spoke with them frequently ; once at 
his own house, a]iprizing them that if they did not forthwith 
return to their own country, they would be prosecuted according 
to law, and outlawed. He dealt the same way with Robert 
Bowie, a lad who was enticed over by Croswel, who is already 
outlawed, and was the inveigler of them all. They said they 
could make more money there, and did not value the outlawry, 
nor would be prevailed on to go to speak with Sir John Goodricke, 
who was willing to bear the expense of any of them to Stock- 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



157 



1767. 



holm. Kennaway, the principal of them, accused the Company of 
" villanios on their part," and that they had employed British 
subjects in the same way in foreign countries. This man is a house- 
builder ; Graham, Wise, and Bowie (brother-in-law to Graham) arc 
improvers of land ; and Clark, a smith. They Avcre engaged in 
Mr. Cabman's works, about foiu' miles fi-om the town. 



29 Jan. 

L;m Officers 

Entry 13k., 

1762-95, p. 114 



29 Jan. 

Law Officers 

Entry Bk., 

1762-05, 

pp. 115-19. 



Petitions, 
1765-84, 
pp. 71-2. 



415. Lord Lieutenant of Ieeland (Earl of Bristol) to the 

Earl of Shelburne. 
Desires him to call for the papers transmitted by the Earl of 
Northumberland, relative to the petition of Catherine Countess 
Dowager of TjTone, setting forth her claim to the barony of 
Le Poer, and to obtain His Majesty's pleasure thereon. — St. James's 
Square. 1 p. 

416. Mr. Secretary Coxway to Me. Attorney General. 
Eeturns the petition of the Earl of Anglesey relating to his 

claim of a peerage, and the several papers thereunto annexed, 
together with his report to His Majesty thereupon ; for that report 
to be re-considered, and for his opinion upon such original evidence 
as the claimant upon notice shall think fit to lay before him. — 
St. .James's. 

417. The Same to the Same. 

Eeferring the petition of Henry Fisher, of New Bond Street, in 
the county of Middlesex, hosier, and Richard Kemp, of White 
Cross Alley, in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, in the same 
county, hosier, praying a patent for 14 years for their invention of 
a new method of making silk pieces in gold and silver figm-ed in a 
stocking frame. In case the petition should be brought to him, ho 
is also to take into consideration in his report another petition 
relative thereto, a co\tj of which is enclosed, setting forth that 
Thomas Davies and Heniy Hardy, hosiers in Bond Street, are in 
the actual practice of making the same sort of work ; and that, by 
leaving the trade in this commodity open to competition of different 
manufacturers, it will be brought to market at a cheaper rate ; and 
therefore praying that no exclusive patent should be granted. 

Mem. — A like letter, &c. sent to Mr. Solicitor General. 

The petition of Messrs. Hardy and Davies is also entered. 

Entries of Messrs. Fisher and Kemp's petition referred to in 
the preceding entry, and of an affidavit made by them relative 
thereto. 



29 Jan. 

Lett. Bk., See's, 
1766-88, p. 6. 



80 Jan. 

Admiraltv 
Entry Bk'., 



418. House of Commons. 

" List of papers laid before the House of Commons, January 
29th, 17G7, in consequence of their Address of 22d January 1707!" 

419. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of the Admiralty. 
Sends a Mediterranean pass transmitted by Nathaniel Ware, 

Esq., H.M.'s Consul at Malaga, with an extract of the Consul's 
letter and a paper enclosed. — Whitehall. 



158 



CALENDAR OF 



1767. 


31 Jan. 


Admiralty, 


V.156, 


No. 22 a, b 



2 Feb, 



AdD 

No. -21 



: Feb. 

. Entry Bk., 



420. CoMMODOEE Spry to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Relative to tlie enclosed memorial of Mr. Popham. It appears 

very just, and the charges he craves allowance for absolutely 
unavoidable. No business is to be carried on with the Moors but 
by bribes. If he, the Commodore, had been obliged to go to the 
Emperor's Court at Mequinez, .3,000/. would scarcely have defrayed 
the expenses of the mission. Mr. Popham's expenses are small, 
compared with those of the Dutch, Swedish, and Danish Consuls. 
The last paid 6,000 hard dollars for an intervie^w with the Emperor ; 
and the Dutch Consul's visit to his Imperial Majesty about two 
months ago cost him upwards of 1,.500?. To keep up a good under- 
standing Mr. Po]iham must sometimes make the Emperor and his 
ministers small presents, and his zeal for his master's service has 
led him into such distress that his situation really merits com- 
passion. 

Will give a recent instance of the venality of these people. This 
morning he received the enclosed letter from Prince Muley Idris, 
the Emperor's cousin. General of his Forces, and the first man in 
his dominions, thanking him (the Commodore) for a present made 
to him (the Prince). The messenger who brought it waits at Tetuan, 
and he will be obliged to send him 20 hard dollars for himself, and 
a further present of 6 lbs. of tea and 1 2 loaves of sugar, or some 
such trifle, for the Prince, or his Highness would be highly dis- 
gusted ; and such small presents as these the Emperor is not above 
accepting. — Gibraltar. 

The Prince's letter. (French.) 4 pp. 

421. The SAsrE to the Sajie. 

Having, in view of the two plans formed by the Spaniards for 
the surprise of Gibraltar, the one by land, the other by sea, com- 
municated by his Lordship, gone to inspect those places where 
there was the least probability of an attack being made by water, 
it is his o]iinion that they are all so well fortified and secured 
that no attack can be made on the sea side with the least prospect 
of success. Will not, however, be the less on this account on his 
guard. Requests a reinforcement of two frigates, or a frigate and 
a sloop. Enclosing a list of Spanish ships of war at Cadiz. The 
Spaniards are sending all their largest and best ships to Ferrol, 
and it is said that a very formidable fieet will l^e assembled there 
in the spring. — Gibraltar. 

The enclosure, and, intervening, an extract from a letter from 
Commodore Spry to Mr. Stephens, Secretary to the Admiralty, dated 
in Gibraltar Bay, the 2nd of Feb., and endorsed as being in the 
Lords of the Admiralty's of oth of March 1767, to the efl'ect, that, 
having inquired into the allegations of Mr. Trail, H.M.'s Consul 
at Tunis, against Capt. Gower of the " ^olus," he finds the com- 
plaint ill-grounded and extremely frivolous. .5 1 2W- 

422. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of the Adsiiralty. 
Encloses an extract of a letter from the Earl of Roclifoi-d, of 

22 Jan., together with the deposition of John Cookson, a midshij)- 
man, deserted from H.M.S, " ^olus." — Whitehall. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 150 



1767. 

3 Feb. 423. The Same to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom. Geo. III., Relative to an extract from a letter from Mr. Mutler, Chief of 
\.o, p. .. Q^^^^^ Coa.st Ca.stle, to the Committee of the Comj^any of Merchants 

trading to Africa, representing the injurious conduct of the Dutch 
Governor of Eliinina in exciting the natives of that coast in the 
neighbourhood of Appolonia to attack Ammoniah, the cabboceer 
of that place, under whose protection the Committee were then 
making an establishment there. Enclosing, for their report on 
all the points of dispute, a memoire and document delivered by 
Count Weldcren in reply to representations, by which it appears 
that the Dutch East Iiidia Company have complained of the 
conduct of the above Chief, and have exhibited claims of an 
exclusive right to Cape Appolonia and the coast in question. — 
Whitehall. 

8 Feb. 424. Mr. Secretary Conway to Wm. Dallaway, Esq. 
Dom.EiitryBk., jjg^f^ spoken to Mr. Townsend concerning his demands ; supposes 

V. .0, p. . . they are regularly transmitted to the Exchequer ; and hopes they 
will meet with all the attention he can desire. Has also laid 
his request for the promise of the receiver-generalship for the 
county of Gloucester before the Duke of Grafton. His Grace was 
not at all disinclined to his desires ; .said that he had had other 
appKcations, on which account he could not make any promise ; 
but that if Lord Berkeley and Lord " Boetitout " joined in 
recommending him, which his Grace thought would have par- 
ticular weight on this occasion, he would very willingly lay the 
same before the King ; and did not doubt of His Majesty's ready 
condescension to grant the request. He (Mr. Conway) will be 
extremely happy to find that he has had the good fojtune of 
serving him. It is His Majesty's intention to spare the lives of 
the rioters who stand respited from the sentence of the law, and to 
mitigate their ])unishDrent to transportation only. — St. James's. 

13 Feb. 425. Commodore Spry to the Earl of Shelbcrxe. 
Admiralty, Amiouncinij his arrival at Portmahon. 1 /). 

T. 156, No. 24. ° ^ 

13 Feb. 426. E.iRL of Shelburxe to the Lords of Trade. 
Domj^Geo. III., Returning a letter from Sir Henry Moore enclosing a petition 
"' ''' ^' ' from several merchants in New York, addi-essed to the House of 
Commons ; directing them to acquaint the House of Commons of 
their having received the said petition and letter. — Whitehall. 

13 Feb. 427. The Same to the Same. 
Dom. Geo. III., Referring to them, for their consideration, a petition from several 
^' '^' ■ of the colonies, as well as from the merchants of Londcm trading 
to North America, representing, previous to an application to 
Parliament, the distresses to which they are reduced for want of 
a medium of commerce ; — the scarcity of gold and silver coin 
current among them rendering it impossible for them to make 



160 CALENDAR OF 

17G7. 

remittances to their creditors, to extend their trade, or even to 
pay their internal debts ; and jiraying to be indulged ^vith the 
power of issuing such emissions of a paper currency as may be 
adequate to their -wants, and secm-ed by proper fluids to guaixl 
against its depreciation. 

17 Feb. 428. Lord Lieutexant of Ireland (Bristol) to the E^vel of 

Ireland, SHELBUEXE. 

V. 426, No. 27. Encloses the report of the Attorney General for Ireland upon, 

and other papers relating to, the petition of Thomas Greg, of 
Belfast, merchant, prajdng a patent for the sole making and 
vending of aquafortis and oil of vitriol in L-eland. It appears 
to be the Attorney General's opuiion that His Majesty may gi-ant 
his Roj-al letter for the sole making, though not for the sole 
vending of the same, in regard that' such grant for the sole vending 
would establish a monopoly of the said commodities. Concurs 
-with the Lords Justices that there is no objection. It may be 
desii-able that ih: Greg should clearly retract his request for the 
sole vending, before the matter is brought liefore His Majesty. — 
St. James's Square. 1^ 'pl^- 

19 Feb. 429. Earl of Shelbuexe to Major General Gage. 
Com.-in-chief, His (the Major General's) opinion of the impropriety and inexpe- 

Y. 1, p. 16. cliency of an Indian war is certainly just, and accords entirely with 
His Majesty's sentiments, who wishes that every means may be used 
to conciliate the tribes, and who was, therefore, greatly displeased 
to receive accounts that the Governor of West Florida had resolved 
on a war with the Creeks without waiting for instructions, or 
even for answers to his letters on the subject. He has, therefore, 
been recalled from his government, which will devolve, till another 
Governor can be apjDointed, on Moiuitford Browne, Esq., the 
Lieutenant Governor, who will, at the same time, receive His 
Majesty's commands to use every eflbrt to terminate this rash and 
xmad\'ised war, taking care to make the Indians sensible that they 
owe the cessation of hostilities to His Majesty's clemency. His 
Majesty has permitted a congi-ess to be held for this purpose, if 
absolutely necessary. 

The accomit of the probability there is of avoiding an Indian 
war, contained in the Major General's letter just received, gives 
His Majesty gi'eat satisfaction. His Majesty highly approves Col. 
Taylor's prudent and sensible conduct. — "\\1iitehall. (No. 3.) 

19 Feb. 430. The Lord Lieutexant of Ireland (Bristol) to the Earl 

Dom. Geo. III.. OF ShELBURXE. 

N^'e'^'b Encloses the report of the Attorney General [for Ireland] on 

Tudo*.' ' the petition of Thomas Cranage, of Bridgenorth, forgeman, and 
George Cranage, of Colebrooke Dale, founder, praying H.M.'s 
Royal letters patent for making pig or cast iron malleable, in a 
reverberatory or air furnace, with raw pit coal only. Also enclosing 
the petition and reference. 1 2^- 

The enclosures are numbers 6 a & b of this parcel. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 161 



17G7. 

19 Feb. 431. Earldom of Axglesey. 

Petition^;, Coin' of ]jetition of Lady Dorothea Du Bois, eldest lawful 

pp. 73^87. daughter of Richard Annesley, late Earl of Anglesey, by Ann 
Siuipson, late Countess of Anglesey, his wife, in behalf of herself 
and her two sisters, Lady Caroline White and Lady Elizabeth 
Hyde, against the issue of a writ of summons to the claimant 
of the title of Earl of Anglesey and Baron of Newport Pagnell, 
pending a suit touching the validity of their mother's marriage, 
and also prajnng a reference of their petition to the Attorney 
General at the same time as that of the claimant. The petition 
enters into particulars as to the marriage, &c. 
Referred to the Attorney General, Feb. 19. 

20 Feb. 432, Mr. Justice Bathuest to Lord . 

^°f":J'™- ^-^■' Enclosing a petition from the principal inhabitants of Cirencester 
on behalf of a boy [apparently under sentence of death for some 
crime.]— Dean Street. 

The petition is not forthcoming. 1 2'. 

21 Feb. 433. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Earl of Hillsborough 
Dom.EntryBk., and LoRD Le Despencer, H.M.'s "Postmaster General." 

^ ■"'''■ '" Has appointed David Hume, Esq., to be Under Seci'etary in his 

office in the room of William Burke, Esq., resigned. Desires that 
he may enjoy all the privileges of free postage. — St. James's. 

2.5 Feb. 434. David Hume to Grey Cooper, Esq. 
Lett. Kk., See's, Encloses a copy of a letter from Mr. Dillon, and of the schedule 
pp. G-k' therein referred to, by which it will be seen that he is authorized 

by the Elector of Mentz to act as his agent in sohciting the 
payment of some demands for deliveries made by his Highness's 
subjects to the allied troops in the last war in Germany ; to be laid 
before the Lords of the Treasury for their consideration and 
determination. — St. James's. 

Mr. Dillon's letter and the schedule are also entered. 

2(i Feb. 435. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom. Geo. IIL, Sending for their report thereon, a petition from Miles Barber, 
V. o,p. .. ^^ Liverpool, merchant, representing that he has entered into a 
contract for the delivery of negroes in the river Gambia to the 
French trading there, which he did upon good advice that the 
French had a right to trade in that river from their settlements 
at Albreda, but that he is hkely to suffer much by the contract 
as Lieut. Philip Du Perron, Governor of James Fort, would not 
allow any slaves to be shipped on board French vessels in that 
river. — AVhitehall. 

2G Feb. 436. Mr. Secretary Conway to Wm. Dallaway-, Esq. 
Dom.EntryBk., Applied to the Duke of Grafton in order to know his intentions 
^' "'' ^'' '■ and engagements with regard to the office of receiver. His Grace 
said that he had been very strongly solicited by Lord Berkeley 

F 723. L 



162 



CALENDAR OF 



in favour of another person ; and that, though he did not at the 
time conceive himself to be engaged by any j^romise, my Lord's 
recommendation had, as is natural, a great weight with him. 
Finding since, that Lord Berkeley persisted earnestly in the same 
recommendation, his Grace does not think himself at liberty to 
give the preference to any other person. 

Upon this appointment on the side of the Duke, he (Mr. Conway) 
applied to Lord Berkeley, who, however, still adheres obstinately 
to his point. On the whole, is not able to give any encouragement 
to hope for success in that application. Meanwhile, has been more 
successful in seconding his application in favour of William Basset, 
for whom he has secured His Majesty's free pardon. — St. James's. 

437. The Same to the Eael of Findlater. 

To inform him that His Majesty was pleased to appoint 
Mr. Ross to the professorship of oriental languages in the King's 
College of Aberdeen. — St. James's. 

3 March. 438. Earl of Shelburne to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Directs him to refer to the House of Peers in Ireland the peti- 
tion of Catharine Countess Dowager of Tyrone, for the barony of 
Le Poer, and other papers connected tlierewith. — Whitehall. 



28 Feb. 

Scotch 

Correspnce., 

1763-95, p. 24. 



Irel. Entry Bk., 
1761-70, p. 84. 



4 March. 
Lett.Bk., See's, 
1766-71, p. 9. 



439. William Fraser to the Earl of Hillsborough and 
Lord Le Despencer, H.M.'s Postmaster General. 
To add to the list of clerks in Mr. Secretary Conway's office 
the name of Mr. George Dey\'erdun, to whom the usual license for 
franking printed votes, &c. has been granted. — St. James's. 



5 March. 

Criml. Papers, 

Scotch, 
V. 1,1762-86, 



440. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lord Justice Clerk. 

Relative to William Stewart alias James Smith, a convict. On 
his, the Lord Justice Clerk's, recommendation, His Majesty has 
signed a remission in consideration of transportation for life. — 
St. James's. 



9 March. 441. Mr. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to Mr. 

Isle of Man, SECRETARY [CONWAY]. 

. 1, 0.50 a, . rpj^g enclosed is a letter from Mr. Heywood, Deemster (Judge), 
and one of the principal gentlemen of the Isle, the particulars 
which he mentions being, in the present situation of affairs, of 
consequence. Mr. Lutwidge is the Receiver General of the Isle, 
and now in London ; Mr. Betham is Collector of Douglas, and in 
Mr. Lutwidge's absence at the head of the Revenue Department ; 
Mr. Cln-istian is one of the first merchants in Douglas ; and 
Ml". Younger, Postmaster and Deputy Commissary for the troops. 

The Keys having received intelligence fi-om Mi'. Moore, their 
chairman, now in London, that a plan of Mr. Lutwidge's was laid 
before the Board of Treasury for annexing this Isle to the county 
of Cumberland, they are now assembled, and in the greatest conster- 
nation. Submits to Mr. Conway's consideration how these alarms 



HOME OFFICE PAPEES. 



163 



1767. 



U March. 

Lett.Bk.,8ec.'s, 
1766-71, p. 10. 



and jealousies may be increased by this report to Mr. Betham ; 
and how his (the Governor's) credit with the people must be 
injured by a gentleman of Mr. Lutwidge's character asserting and 
propagating in this manner that he is privately opposing the 
measiu-es of the country, and representing the little regard paid 
to what he (the Governor) writes. It wovdd be presumptuous in 
him to point out the consequences which may arise from the com- 
municating to the people his correspondence with the Secretaries 
of State, and particularly on such an occasion. Asks what support 
he is to expect. — Castleto^Tn. (No. 4.) 

The enclosui-e, which a a letter to the Governor from Mr. Hey- 
wood, stating that Mr. Younger informed him that Mr. Betham 
had received a letter fi-om Mr. Lutwidge, saying that the Governor 
had wi'itten to the Duke of Grafton, to the prejudice of Mr. 
Moore's present application to the Ministry, particularly with 
respect to his requests for trade, and that this letter was likewise 
communicated to Mr. Christian. Mr. Heywood soon after called 
on Mr. Christian to know the particulars, and was told that the 
above was true, that he had read Mr. Lutwidge's letter, which 
likewise intimated that the Govenror's letter Avas laid before the 
Board of Treasury, and that what he said on the subject would 
not be much regarded. Mr. Christian seemed extremely concei'ned 
at this intelligence, and said that nothing but indisposition coidd 
prevent his waiting upon his Excellency upon it. — Dated from the 
" Nunnery," Sth March. 

442. Wm. Fraser to John Pownall. Esq. 

Sends six papers received from Mi-. Consul Swallow at Peters- 
burg, containing an account of exports and imports at Petersbiu'g, 
Riga, and Narva in 176G, to be laid before the Lords of Trade and 
Plantations. — St. James's. 



17 March. 



Admiralty 
Entry Bk., 



17 March. 

Lett.Bk., See's, 
1766-68, p. 7. 



18 March. 

Law Officers 
Entry Bk., 



443. Earl of Sheleurne to the Lords op the Admiralty. 
Encloses an extract of a letter of 2nd Feb., lately received from 

Commodore Spry. — Whitehall. 

444. M. MoRGANN to ChxVrles Lowndes, Esq. 

Two letters, (1) requesting him to transmit, for the Earl of 
Shelbume's use, an account of money di-awn for by Governor 
Melvill, or otherwise issued for the service of the islands under 
his government ; (2) enclosing an extract from a letter of Nov. 6, 
1766, from the Governor of Rhode Island. — Whitehall. 

445. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Attorney General. 
Sends a copy of a memorial lately received from Count Welderen, 

Envoy Extraordinary from the States General, as also of the 
papers therein referred to, containing accusations against a Mons. 
Van Teylingen, who was Governor of a Dutch settlement [Nega- 
jjatnam on the coast of Coromandel] in the East Indies, of having 
defrauded their Company ; and also a complaint against Mr. Polk, 
Governor of Madras, for having refused to deliver him to the 

l2 



164 



CALEKDAR OF 



17G7. 



Dutch deputies sent to Madras in pursuit of him. And as j\I. Van 
TeylLngen is nov*' in England, Count Welderen has received in- 
structions from the States to desire that search may be made after 
him, and, if he should be found, that he may be detained till they 
can come to a resolution as to how to proceed against him. Desires 
him to take the whole of this matter into his consideration, and to 
report his opinion thereon. — St. James's. 

Count Welderen's letter, and a full account of the escape in 
Avoman's clothes, the robberies, cruelties, Szc. of this Christiaan 
Van Teylingen, formerly Governor of the Dutch establishment at 
Negapatnam, on the coast of Coromandel, and of his two accom- 
plices (p. 122), Philippe Francis Harsz and Pien-e Matthew Joell, 
and particulars of the pursuit (p. 127). (French.) 



19 March. 
Lett.Bk., Si-c.S 
1766-71, p. 10 



446. David Hume to Mr. James, Secretary to the East India 
Company. 
Enclosing papers as in the foregoing. — St. James's. 



20 ilarch. 

Admiralty, 
pel. l.'J7, No. 2 



20 March. 



Admiralty, 
iCl. 157,No.J 



20 March. 
Lett.Bk., Sec' 
17G6-6S, p. 7 



447. Earl of Shelburne to Commodore Spry. 
Acknowledging letters, and signifying His Majesty's approbation 

of his conduct in the negotiations, and particularly of the three 
additional articles concluded with the Emperor of Morocco. The 
King also approves of the proposal of appointing Mr. Jacob Benider 
Vice-consul at Sallee, at a salary of 100/. a year. His charges for 
the expedition to Algiers will be paid. "The greatest economy 
must be practised, as the expenses for that service have constantly 
increased without adequate advantage. The King is pleased to 
honour him (Commodore Spry) with the same character to the 
Republic of Genoa as was borne by Commodore Harrison. This 
character, however, was fii-st granted to Capt. Hervey, and on the 
express condition of no salary being annexed to it ; nor is it His 
Majesty's intention to gi-ant any extra allowance in consequence 
of it.— Whitehall. A draft, s'pp. 

448. Privateers. 

Ca,se of the proprietors of the " Lord Clive " and " Ambuscade," 
private ships of war, which were hired into the service of the King 
of Portugal. 2 printed pp. 

449. il. MoRGANX to the Clerk of the Council in 

waiting. 
Transmitting an extract from a letter of -tth Dec. 17GC from 
Lord Wm. Campbell, together with the draft of a bill therein 
mentioned, and the observations drawn up by the Chief Justice of 
Nova Scotia. — Whitehall. 



22 ]\Iarch. 450. Mr. Baron Perrott to Lord . 

Dom.Oeo. III., Relative to one Sawj-er under sentence of transportation, 

pel. 79, No.i5. Thinks he was tried by Mr. Justice xVstou, whom he asks may be 
written to. — Worcester. 2 pp. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 165 



.Geo. III., 
5, p. 13. 



1767. 
2J? March. 451. Earl of Sheleurxe to the Lord President. 
:*?,'?'^'^\'{?H;' Dii'ectiug him to take Hi.s Majesty's pleasure on the enclosed 
'" ' resolution of the House of Commons of the 20th inst., for an 

addre.ss requesting His Majesty to order a copy of the memorial 
presented to His Majesty in Council by Admiral Cornish and 
other officers who served in the East Indies in the expedition to 
Pondicherry. — Whitehall. 

The resolution is also entered. 

2G March. 452. Courts-martial. 

'^''■.,f ""'L^'^'' -^ list of the regiments for which orders to hold coiu-ts-martial, 
■■"'''■ ^ ■ dated 2Gth March 17G 7, were signed by the King, and (being 

sent from the War Office for that purpose) were countersigned by 

Mr. Secretary Conway. 

27 March. 453. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
Sending, for theii- consideration and opinion, an extract from a 

letter fi-om Lord William Campbell, Governor of Nova Scotia, 
and a copy of a Bill transmitted thei-ewith, entitled, "An Act for 
partition of lands in coparcenary," together with remarks on the 
Bill by the Chief Justice of Nova Scotia.— Whitehall. 

28 March. 454. Mr. Justice Aston to Lord . 

Dom.^Geo. III., Thinks that Sawyer was tried before Mr. Baron Perrott, but on 

i'^-' '-"■ ■ his return to London will make a report if he finds the trial was 
before himself — Warwick. 1 ja 

31 March. 455. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom. Geo. III., Transmitting a copy of a letter from Lieut.-Governor Carleton, 
^' ' P' ■ with the petitions of Messrs. Cugnet and Tachct, and other jtapers 

relative thereto, for their opinion as to the validity and propriety 
of the grants therein mentioned. 

31 March. 456. The Same to the Same. 

Dom. Geo. III., Referring to them the petition of Mr. Turnbull, for their opinion 

V. 5,p. 14. ^^ ^^ ^1^^ utility of inducing Greeks skilled in the culture of silk 

and cotton to settle in H.M.'s southern colonies of North America, 

and as to the propriety of gi-anting Mr. Turnbull the aid he 

requires. 

The petition is also entered. The petitioner jjrays that one of 
the laid-txp sloops of war may be fitted out as a transport, which 
he offers to man, victual, and navigate at his own expense, by 
which means he presumes he can carry himdreds of useful subjects 
to the province of East Florida. 

3 April. 457. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Same. 

Dom.EntryBk. Encloses the copy of a letter from Mr. Fenwick, H.M.'s Consul 

V. 2j, p. 33. ^^ Elsingoer, as also of a paper signed by a great number of 

merchants trading to the Baltic from Great Britain and Ireland ; 

by which it Avill be scon that they hnve agreed to pay him a con- 



166 



CALENDAR OF 



1767. 



sulage of five roubles for eveiy ship belonging to them that shall 
pa.ss the Sound, in conformity to the same sum granted to him by 
the Russia Company on all their shij^s loading at Petersburg and 
Narva. But as Mr. Fenwick represents that the advantage of 
this agi-eement falls far short of the intention, from his not being 
able to find a pi'oper person to collect this consulage for him in the 
several ports of the Baltic within the King of Denmark's dominions, 
he begs that His Majesty would direct his ]\Iinister at Copenhagen 
to desire the King of Denmark to order his officers of the Soimd 
Ciistom House to collect it foi' him, in the same manner as the 
Dutch consulage is collected from ships of that nation. Desires 
their Lordships to report their opinion as to Mr. Fenwick's 
recpiest. 



3 April. 

Entered in 
Isle of Man 
Entry Bk., 

p. 40. 
A draft in 
Isle of Man, 
T. 1, No. 51. 



458. Mr. Secretaey Conway to Govekxoe Wood. 

It was necessary for him to transmit to the Duke of Grafton a 
copy of his (Mr. Wood's) letter of the -jthDec. last, as the object of 
it regarded pi-incipally the department of the Treasmy ; and he 
had the less scruple in making this communication, because the 
whole of it was open, and fair, and honest, and contained no 
sentiments but what had been previously and avowedly acknow- 
ledged by letter to Mr. Moore. If Mr. Lutwidge, therefore, has said 
that he received at the Treasury any other inlbrmation to his (the 
Governor's) disadvantage, either his informer has been mistaken, 
or he himself has misunderstood it, or possibly the person to 
whom he A\Tote has taken his letter in a different sense from what 
he intended it. Wherever the mistake lies, it appears that no blame 
can justly be thrown on the Governor, nor any imputation which 
could render him the least obnoxious to the people under his 
government. It is true that Mr. Lutwidge has given in some pro- 
posal relative chiefly to the affairs of his Revenue department. 
That of the annexation forms no part of what he (Mr. Conway) 
has been informed of. Mr. Lutwidge declares that he has confined 
himself to such informations and propositions as he thought for the 
general advantage, without reference to anything the Governor 
had written or done ; and for the rest, though Mr. Conway will be 
ready to report, and, in his department, to forward any salutary 
schemes he (Mr. Wood) may propose for the benefit of the Island, 
he doesn't think it possible to prevent hearing of such as may 
come through other channels, particularly those mentioned. li2^P- 



3 April. 

Lett. Bk., Sec' 

1766-68, 



459. A:wEKiCAX Affairs. 

List of papers laid before Parhamcnt. 



9 April. 

Admiralty 
Euti-y Bk., 
176fi-84, p. 7. 



460. P. 1*1- MoEiN to the Clerk of the Council in waiting. 
No accounts having been received of late relative to the plague 
but a few lines in one of Sir James Wright's lettei-s, dated 11 March, 
to the Earl of Shelburne, sends an extract of it for the Lord 
President's intormation. — Whitehall 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 167 



.5, p. 16. 



1767. 
9 April. 461. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom. Geo. III., Asking for an exact account of the civil establi.shment of the 
V. 5, p. 16. Governors, Judges, and other officers concerned in the administra- 
tion of justice in the several colonies of North America. 

9 April. 462. The Same to the Same. 
Dom. Geo. III., Referring for their opinion a memorial from Mr. Turulnill, re- 

presenting that the 500?. per annum granted by Parliament for 
three years past for encouraging the culture of cotton, vines, silk, 
and other articles of commerce in East Florida, remain yet 
unapplied, no attempt for raising those commodities having been 
made for want of settlers ; and praying that the above bounty may 
be applied in premiums for carrying to that province such Greeks 
as are accustomed to the culture of cotton, vines, and silk, at the 
rate of SI. a head. Also praying that 400L of the future annual 
bounty, if granted by Parliament, may be applied in making 
roads and bridges, and establishing ferries over the rivers, that a 
communication may be opened with the provinces of Georgia, 
West Florida, &c., and that the remaining 100/. may be given as a 
stipend to the parson and schoolmaster who accompanies the first 
500 Greeks.— Whitehall. 



10 April. 463. Charles Lowndes to Richard Sutton, Esq. 
Com. Geo. III., Encloses a memorial and accounts from Charles O'Hara, Esq., 
Governor of Senegambia, for Lord Shelluu-ne's opinion how far 
they ought to be paid. — Treasury Chambers. 1 p. 



pel. 79, No. 18 



13 April. 464. L. Macleaxe to Philip Stephens, Esq. 

Lett.Bk.,See.'s, Transmits, in order to be laid before the Lords of the Admiralty, 

1766-8, p. 13. ^^ extract from a letter (3 Feb. 1767) fi'om Mr. Tryon, Governor 

of North Carolina, and an extract from the journal of the Assembly 

of that colony, relative to a misbehaviour of Jeremiah Morgan, Esq., 

Commander of H.M.'s .sloop of war "Hornet." — Whitehall. 

14 April. 465. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lords of Trade. 
Dora.EntryBk., Encloses a copy of a letter from Mr. Woodford, H.M.'s Resident 

V. 2,5, p. a,";. ^^ Hamburgh, together with the three papers therein referred to, 
giving an account of a herring fishery intended to be established 
by some of the King of Denmark's subjects, for which a society 
is forming at Altona. Their Lordships will see by the " octroy " 
granted by the King of Denmark, the encouragement given by him 
to the imdertaking ; and as it may be prejudicial to the fi-ee British 
herring fishery, desires them to take it into their consideration. 
— St. James's. 

15 April. 466. Earl of Shelburne to H.M.'s Postmaster General. 
Dom.EntrjBk. Encloses extracts from two letters from Mr. Hay, H.M.'s Minister 

v. 24, p. 135. ^^ Lisbon, giving his opinion that the late disagreeable accident at 
Lisbon (any bad consequences from which his application has 
happUy prevented) was in gi-eat measure owing to the imprudence 






108 CALENDAR OF 

1767. 



of the mate of the " Expedition " packet, by too open a violation 
of a law, the evasion of which " that " Government seems not 
unwilling to connive at. Desii'es their Lordships to give the 
masters of ]iackets such admonition as they shall judge proper for 
that purpose. — Whitehall. 

20 April. 467. Lords of the Admikalty to Mr. Secretary Conway. 
Admiralty, Relative to a memorial of Mons. Hamieken, charged with the 

Ko 4^a"b affairs of his Danish Ma,jesty, comidaining that a Danish vessel had 

been piratically treated by the crew of an English one, therein 
described. Most of the vessels in the different ports of the neigh- 
bourhood where the piracy was committed being painted in the 
same manner as the one described, so that it is impossible to tlx it 
upon any without a fuller description, suggesting that a reward 
of 500/. be oflered for the discovery of the offenders. 
The memorial. {Frcndi.) 5 2>j>- 

20 April. 468. Mr. Secretary Conway to Alexander Butler, Es,p 
CrimL Tapers, To inform him that the Elizabeth Cornick, for whom he sent a 

V. 12, p. 101. respite on the 8thinst., is the same person as he (Mr. Butler) pre- 
viously received a respite for from the Earl of Shelburne. — 
St. James's. 

23 April. 469. General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. 
Church Bk., Instructions, private instructions, and additional private in- 

i76\-8y.' structions for the Earl of Glasgow, H.M.'s High Commissioner to 

pp. 79-86. the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland ; His Majesty's 

letter to the Assembly ; and a letter to Charles Lowndes, Esq., to 

move the Lords of the Treasury to cause the usual warrants to be 

prepared for the salaiy of the Lord Commissioner. 

These instructions are similar to those of previous years. 

24 April. 470. Postmasters General (Hillsborough and Le Despencer) 

Dom. Geo. III., to the EARL OF ShELBURNE. 

T. 2, No. 2 . Relative to his Lordship's letter of the L5th inst., and the 

extracts from Mr. Hay, H.M.'s Minister at Lisbon. They v/ill give 
such directions in consequence thereof to the several commanders 
on the Lisbon station to be particularly careful and circumspect 
when they carry any money on board their packets, as wall 
prevent such disagreeable accidents for the future. — General Post 
Office. 1 2>. 

25 April. 471. Richard Sutton to Mr. Lowndes. 

Trcas.EntryBk., His Majesty is satisfied that the amount of the several articles 
^'j®gg~2y., AS sct fortli lu thc memorial of Charles O'Hara, Esq., Governor of 
Senegambia, has liecn properly expended, and approves of the 
payment of the same. — Whitehall. 

The memorial is also entered. The expenses incurred were for 
repairs, arreai's of customs due to some of the nio.st powerful eliiefs 
in the river, particularly to the Moors from whom the gum was 
purchased, kc. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 169 



1767. 

2S April. 472. Secretary-at-WxVR (Barrixgton) to the Earl of Shel- 

Dom. Geo. III., BURXE. 

No^77^'ii b Relative to the extraordinary mortality which ha.s prevailed 

among H.M.'s troops in Senegambia. Several of the officer.? and 
a considerable number of the private men are already dead, and 
the remainder are left in a very sickly state. Recruits ought to 
embark between the 1st of Nov. and the 1st of March, in order to 
avoid arri\'ing in the sickly season. Enclosing a return of the 
effective state of the gan-ison. 

The return. The establishment had dwindled down to 81 
persons, and there were wanting 124 private men to complete 

it. ^pp. 

28 April. 473. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom. Geo. III., Mr. Douglas, late Collector of H.M.'s Customs in Jamaica, having 
v.. '5, p. 17. ijeen removed from his office for maladministration, and having 
been called before the Governor and Council several times to give 
his reasons for detaining from his successor the books of office and 
the moneys which had arisen from the revenues during his adminis- 
tration, was at last committed by the Governor and Council for 
contempt, but released by the Chief Justice, who alleged that 
the commitment Avas illegal ; referring, for their Lordships' o})inion 
as to the jjovver of the Governor and Council in Jamaica in cases 
of contempt, several extracts from the minutes of Council, the 
Lieut.-Governor's letter, and the Cliief Justice's reason for enlarging 
Mr. Douglas. — Wliitehall. 



28 April. 474. The Same to the Same. 
Dom. Geo. III., Relative to the petition and other papers from Mr. Houdiu, 

T. 5, p. IS. attorney for Mr. Jean Tachet and the hens of Messrs. Bissot and 
Joliet, Canadian subjects of His Majesty, representing that by -the 
limits settled in 17G3 between the provinces of Quebec and New- 
foundland, agreeable to H.M.'s proclamation, the greater part of 
the possessions of the said Tachet, fcc. were included within the 
government of the latter province, and that thereby they have 
biL-n disturbed in the enjoyment of the several possessions and 
pri\il.'ge,s to which they have a right, particulai-ly in the lands 
and Islands of Mingan, the Island of Anticosti, and the fi.shkig 
post of Grand Mecatinat. Desu-ing their Lordshi]is' opinion as 
to the validity of the petitioners' claim. 

28 April. 475. The Same to the Same. 
Dom. Geo. III., Transmitting, for their ojiinion, a petition of the principal 
^" ' P" ■ inhabitants of Louisbourg, in the Island of Capo Breton, on behalf 
of themselves and the other inhabitants of that Island, transmitted 
by Mr. Cumbeidand, Agent for Nova Scotia. 

28 April. 476. The Same to the Lords of the Admiralty. 
Lett.Bk., See's, rvrnuests them to send an account of the establishment of the 

1706-8, p. 13. Admiralty Courts in North America, specifying the salaries of the 
Judges, &c., in onler that the Board of Trade may complete their 



170 CALENDAR OF 

1767. 

rejjort on the salaries of the Governors, Judges, and other officers 
concerned in the administration of justice in the colonies of 
Nortli America. — Wliitehall. 

30 April. 477. Lords of the Admiralty to Mr. Secretary Conway. 

Admiralty,^ JJa^dng Sent directions to their solicitor to prepare a di-aft of an 

•"^ ■ ' ''■ '^' advertisement offering a reward of 500?. for the discovery and pro- 
secution of the persons concerned in the piracy on the Danish 
vessel, he proposed to stipulate with the Danish Minister, that in 
case of a discovery through the advei-tisement, the master and men 
of the ship, who are foreigners, shall, at their own expense, come up 
to town to prosecute ; and that though they will be allowed sub- 
sistence from him (the solicitor), yet they are not to expect any 
allowance for the loss of time and trouble ; because, in former pro- 
secutions, the Government has been obliged to pay very large sums 
of money for want of such previous stipulations. Desiring him to 
cause the matter to be settled accordingly. 2 'pj^. 

30 April. 478. The Same to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Admiralty, To know whether they are to make any additions to or altera- 

P '' '• tions in the instructions to Commodore PalUsser under which he 
sailed last year, he lieing about to proceed to Ne"s\'foundlan(;l. 

4 May. 479. Commodore Palliser to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Admiralty, Has attended 'Mx. Attorney General twice upon the .subject of 

pel. 157, No. 7. j^^^^ serving on the fisheries in Ne^vfoundland being discharged in 
a distressed condition in that country, and thereby is .sufficiently 
instructed to act for the present, till a law shall be made for 
remedying the many and great evils occasioned by that practice, 
and for recovering the great advantages thereby lost to this 
coimtry on the head of seamen. — London. 1 p. 

4 May. 480. Eairl of Shelburne to the Lords of the Admiralty. 
Admiralty In reply to their letter of the 30th past, relative to Commodore 

T^fi'JL^^'io Pallisser's instructions. His Majesty does not think it necessary 
" ' ^' ' to make any addition to or alteration in those he has received ; 
he is therefore to sail as soon as possible for Newfoundland. — 
Whitehall. 

5 May. 481. The Same to the Lord Chamberlain. 

Dom.EntryBk., Directing the advance of 2201. net to the Morocco Ambassador, 
V. 24, p. 135. .^yhicli he has requested to be allowed him, to bear the travelling 
charges of himself and his attendants to Plymouth, where he 
proposes to embark for home. 

7 May. 482. Mr. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to Mr. 

Isle of Man, SECRETARY [CoNWAY]. 

vol.i,No.52a,b. j^^^ received his letter of the .3rd, which gave him the utmost 
satisfaction. Kelative also to a three months' leave of absence 
granted by the Marquis of Granby to Ensign Grieves, of the 



HO:iE OFFICE PAPERS. 



171 



17G7. 



10 May. 
Admiralty, 
pel. 157, No. 6 



ill May. 

Dom. Geo. III., 

V. 5, p. 20. 



Queen'.s Royal Eegiment, stationed in the Island. Major General 
Harvey's letter (a copy enclosed) persuaded Mm the more that it 
was His Majesty's intention that leave of absence to officers shovild 
fall under his, the Governor's, department. As he would not 
choose to over or under act his character, he wishes to be informed 
whether his Lordship's leave of absence extends to this Island, 
and whether any, or what, part of that power still remains with 
him. — Castletown. (No. 5.) 

The enclosure, being the Adjutant General's letter enclosing the 
regulations for the attendance of oificers at quarters. 3 fp. 

483. Algiers. 

"Briti.sh Chancery Office, Algier, 10 May 17()7. Register of 
Consul Kirke's letter to James Sampson, Esq. ;" — in which he 
delivers up the books of the consulate, &c., and gives a list of 
them. A copy. 2 pp. 

484. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
Directmg them to lay before the House of Commons the printed 

jom-nal of the House of Representatives of the province of Massa- 
chusett's Bay, from October to December 1766 ; and the votes 
and proceedings of the Assembly of the province of New Jersey 
in June 1766.— Whitehall. 



12 May. 

IreL Entry Bk., 
1761-70, p. 92. 



485. Richard Sutton to the Mayor of Cork. 

Directs him to demand from the ship containing convicts, con- 
signed by Messrs. Sedgley, Wdhouse, and Randolph, contractors 
at Bristol, to Messrs. Thomas and William Ringold, in Maryland, 
Thomas Sa'Nvyer, one of the convicts, for whom His Majesty has 
signed a fi-ee pardon (attested copy enclosed), which, liy accident, 
did not arrive at Bristol tiU after the ship had sailed. His Majesty 
wiU make good any loss to the contractors. — Whitehall. 



14 May. 

Doni.Entrj-Bk.. 
v. 24, p. 136. 



1.5 May. 
Dom. Geo. III., 
V. 5, pp. 20, 21. 



486. The S.uiE to the Clerk of the Cheque. 

The Earl of Shelburne desires him to appoint another messenger 
to wait at his Lordship's office in the room of Robert Jackson • 
and, fm-ther, that Jackson may never be put upon the bill of 
messengers to attend his Lordship. — Whitehall. 

487. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
Enclosing a copy of an order of the House of Lords of yesterday. 

Copies of all papers, proceedings, and reports relative to their 
Board, and referred to in that order, to be transmitted to be laid 
before the House. — Whitehall. 

A similar letter, enclosing an order of the House of Commons. 



1.5 May. 488. The Same to the Lord President. 

Desires him to take His Majestj-'s pleasure upon tlie enclosed 

der of the House of Lords and resolution of the House of Com- 

D be presented to His Majesty that he would 



Lett.Bk., See's 



or 

mous, for adch't 



172 CALENDAR OF 



oi-(]er the papers, kc. [relating to the bill passed by the AssemTily, 
&c., of Massachusetts Bay, for granting compensation to tlie 
sufferers, and of free and general pardon, &c. to the offenders in the 
late times,] to be laid before both Houses respectively. 
The order and resolution are entered. 



18 May. 489. Miss Susanna Bradley to Lord . 

Dora^ Gen. III., Being from home could • not sooner inform his Lordship that 
pel. / 9, No. 24. ^yi^Q^-^ giie came of age in January last she gave her father's 
" Observations " to his very particular friend and her uncle, Mr. 
Saml. Peach, not doubting but they were her sole right, because no 
application had ever been made for them by her guardians, or any 
other person on behalf of His Majesty, the Board of Longitude, or 
the Royal Society. Has also been lately informed that several 
very eminent counsel have conciu-red in opinion that they were 
her sole property. — Chalford. 1 p. 

19 May. 490. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lords of the Admiralty. 
Dom. Entry Bk., In consequence of their letter of 3rd Jul}-, last year, on the 

v.2.5, p. 36. subject of a British vessel seized by the Collector of Customs at 
" b""'misf.ke''° Barbadoes for a breach of the Acts of Trade, but which had been 

—mTryhi. ^ ' forcibly carried away, and had taken refuge at St. Eustatia, he 
wrote to Sir Joseph York the same month, and now sends an extract 
from the letter. Also sends an extract from a letter from Sir 
Joseph, received by the Dutch mail yesterday, and copies of 
several papers therein referred to, for their information. 

19 May. 491. Earl of Shelburne to the Lord President. 
Lett.Bk., See/s, Desires him to take His Majesty's pleasure upon the enclosed 
1,66-8, p. 1/. order of the House of Lords of the 18th inst., for an address to be 
presented to His Majesty that he will give directions that there 
be laid before this House copies of precedents of Orders in Council 
declaring Acts of Assemblies in America null, illegal, or void, 
together with reports of the several Attorneys and Solicitors 
General in similar cases, read at the Council Board the 9th inst. 

21 May. 492. The Same to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom. Geo. III., Sending a copy of an order of the Hou.se of Lords of the 20th 
■p. 5, p. 21. jj^g|. £^j. ^^ adckess to be presented to His Majesty for directions 
that there be laid before them copies of the commission and 
instructions given to the Governor of Quebec, and other paper.s 
relative to that i)rovince. Copies of such papers as relate to their 
office, and are referred to in that order, to be immediately trans- 
mitted. 

21 May. 493. The Same to the Lord President. 
Lett.Bk., See's, Requests him to take His Maje.sty's pleasure upon the enclosed 
'"i8-i9 order of the House of Lords of the 20th inst. (same as foregoing). 

The order is also entered. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 173 



1766-71, p. 



1767. 
22 May. 494. David Hume to Grey Cooper, Esq. 
LiU.Bk., See.'s, Sending a copy of a memorandum just received from the Loixl 

' " Advocate of Scotland relative to an attempt made to assas.sinate 

Mr. Gordon, Collector of the Customs at Ayr, in March last ; to be 
laid before the Lords of the Treasury for their consideration as to 
what reward they think proper to ofler for the discovery of any 
of the persons concerned. — St. James's. 



27 May. 495. P. M. Morin to Ph. Stevens, Esq. 

Admiralty Sends copies of a letter from the Secretary of the Lord Lieu- 

-T'r-?4^'^ 1 1 tenant of Ireland, and enclosures therein, relative to transports. — 

'"" ■"■ ■ Whitehall. 



1766-84, p. 11 



Correspnce 
1763-9. 



27 May. 496. Courts of Judicature and Civil Government of 

Lett.Bk., See's, QUEBEC, &C. 

' 'oo-^3 " ^^^^ °^ papers laid before the House of Lords, the 27th May 

17G7." 

28 May. 497. Mr. Secretary Conway to the High Commissioner of 

Church Bk., THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

^-"f^Q*^' Acknowledging the answer of the Assembly to His Majesty's 

pp. 86^ 87. letter. The King received the assurances of the zeal, loyalty, and 

attachment of that venerable body with the strongest marks of 

approbation, and was also pleased to express his entire approbation 

of his Grace's conduct. 

A letter to similar effect to the Moderator. 

28 May. 498. The Same to Dr. Robertson. 
Scotch His Majesty received very graciously the memorial of the Pro- 

fessors in the University of Edinburgh for an augmentation of 
their salaries. Before anything can be concluded, however, on 
that matter, it must be referred to the Lords of the Treasury. — 
St. James's. 

28 May. 499. R. Sutton to Mr. Hervey. 
Irel. Entry Bk., Relative to the transports for the 10th Regiment. — Whitehall. 

1761-70, p. 93. 

28 May. 500. Leave of Absence. 

Warrant Bk., Royal licence for Jaime Aibona, H.M.'s interpreter of oriental 

V. 32,p. 138. languages, to go to Gibraltar or Minorca for his health. 

29 May. 501. Regiments going from Ireland to North America. 
Ireland, Certain letters, with enclosures, fi-om the Secretary of State, 

the Lord Lieutenant, and others, relative to these regiments, and 
transports for their accommodation. Between 1 Jan. and 29 May 
1767. 22 lyj. or farts of pp. 

The letters from the Secretary of State to the Lord Lieutenant, 
with one of April 1.5, of which there is not a draft forthcoming, 
are entered in Ireland Entry Book, 1761-70, pp. 82-91. 



.430, 
Nos. 68, 



174 CALENDAR OF 



1767. 
2Q May. 502. Ixvextion. 

Petitions, Petition of Benjamin D'Israeli for a patent in England, &c., for 

i,eo-84, p. 93. j_^^^ invention of the art of making women's chip hats and bonnets, 
and the materials called platt or platting. 

Referred to the Attornej' or Solicitor General, May 29. 

2 June. 503. Me. Secretary Coxway to the Attorney General. 
Law Officers Eucloses a copy of an anonjTuous letter lately received, in con- 

^]°-Ro ?!"'' sequence of which he made some inquiries, and found the facts 
l)p.'i4Ti,'i4i. stated to be well founded in eveiy particular but that of the two 
persons mentioned being Jesuits. They are said to be Roman 
Catholics, but not of that order, and have set up a school in the 
house described, for the education of youth and the advancement 
of their own rehgion. Desires an opinion as to what steps should 
be taken on the occasion. 

The letter is also entered. It is signed " H. E.," and dated from 
Walsall, and states that Lord Viscoimt Dudley has let his house 
called Sedgley Park to two Jesuits, who have converted it into a 
seminary, and have already above 100 pupils. The aftair makes 
a great noise in the countiy, as, imder his Lordship's protection, 
thej' have grown sufficiently insolent ; and, unless a stop be put to 
it, it will be attended with serious consequences. 

3 Jime. 504. Richard Sutton to the Clerk of the Council in 

Dom.Entr.vBk., WAITING. 

T. 24, p. 137. Sends an abstract of a publication of the Board of Health at 

Venice, dated March 11, 1767. — Whitehall. 

The abstract entered. " That two months are passed since their 
" last certain advices that the contagious disorder in Janina and 
" Ai'ta was so subsided that the prohibitions to those parts were 
" much lessened ; whereupon the Super-Providitors and Providitors 
" of Health resulwd tu iv.juce the quarantine of the Islands of 
" Corfee, Santa Mauta. < italug-na, Zante, and their neighborhood, 
" to the usual tinn' nf :^^ days, except the fortress of Provesa and 
" Venizza, which are the most exposed, being situated on the 
" confines of the continent." 

3 Jime. 505. L. Macleane to Stephen Fuller, Esq., Agent for Jamaica. 
Lett.Bk., See's, Lord Shelburne has received intelligence (but not yet authenti- 
1766-s, p. 24. cated) that the Spaniards have ceded all their part of the Island 
of Hispaniola to the French, excepting the capital town alone. 
As this news, if true, must be very detrimental to the interest and 
commerce of Great Britain, his Lordship will be very glad to see 
him and the West India Agent at his house on Friday evening 
about ten o'clock, with any of the West Incha merchants he may 
choose to brmg. It would be improper to have this fact talked of 
before confirmation of it. 

Like letter sent to Henry Wilmot, Esq., Agent for the Lee- 
war<l Islands ; Richard Maitland, Esq., Agent lor Grenada ; and 
Walker, Esq., Agent for Barbadoes. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



175 



1767. 

8 Jime. 
Lett. Bk., See's, 
1768-8, p. 25. 



506. The Same to the Clerk of the Council in waiting. 

Desiring hiin to lay before the Lord President the enclosed copy 
of a letter from the Governor of Bermuda, dated March 20, 17C7, 
relative to the sloop " Newbury," Lawrence Furlong, master, 
seized and condemned there. 



11 June. 

Admiralty, 
pel. 1.57, No. f 



12 June. 
15 June. 



Treas.Entrj'Bk., 
1763-75, p. 208. 



17 June. 

Criml. Paper; 



17 June. 

Criml. Papers, 

V. 12, 1766-70, 

p. 109. 



17 Jime. 

Dom. Geo. IIL, 
pel. 79, No. 27. 



19 June. 

Petitions, 
1765-84, p. 95. 



507. Ph. Stephens to L. Macleane, Esq., Secretary to the Earl 

of Shelburne. 
In reference to extracts from a letter from Mr. Tryou, Governor 
of North Carolina, and from the journals of the House of 
Assembly of that colony, relative to a misbehaviour of Capt. 
Morgan, of H.M.S. " Hornet." The said sloop is ordered to return 
to England in the ordinary course of relief, and on its arrival 
proper enquiry will be made. 1 p. 

The French Inhabitants of Grenada. 8cc No. 403, p. l.")2. 

508. R Sutton to Charles Lowndes, Esq. 

Sends copies of a memorial from Prince Maseran, and one of 
Mr. Galabert's, adcb-essed to the Prince, to be laid before the Lords 
of the Treasury.— Whitehall. 

509. P. M. MoRiN to the High Sheriff of Lancaster. 
Sending H.M.'s pardon for Isabella Connick, upon condition of 

transportation for life, which, although signed by Mr. Secretary 
Conway in the absence of Lord Shelburne, is to operate equally as 
if it had been countersigned by his Lord.ship himself. 

510. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Eecorder of London, &c. 
John Benham, under sentence of death for housebreaking, having 

petitioned the King for a pardon on condition of undergoing the 
amputation of one of his limbs in order to prove the efficacy of 
the styptic medicines discovered by Mr. Thomas Pierce, His Majesty 
has granted the prayer of the petition. Directing that the convict 
be removed on the 2.3rd inst., at nine o'clock in the forenoon, to 
the Sessions House in the Old Bailey, where the experiment is to 
be performed. When it is over the prisoner is to be considered no 
longer in custody. — St. James's. 

511. Rolls of Parliajment. 

" Mr. Webb's account of the Rolls of Parliament from the 
1st of Ed. 1st. to the 1st of Ed. Cth. DeUvered in by P. C. Webb, 
Esq., and read at the Table, Jime 17th, 1767." 21 pp. 

512. Invention. 

Petition of Thomas Parker, of St. Mary Axe, in the city of 
London, mei'chant, for a patent in Scotland for his invention of a 
machme for sawing and cutting timber and other purposes by the 
help of a fire-engine. 

Referred to the Lord Advocate for Scotland, June 19. 



176 CALENDAR OF 



1767. 

20 June. 513. Ixventiox. 

Dom. Gon. IH., Petition of Paul Metivier and Francis Brogi, both of London, 
v.G.i 0.1-2. iii(.ix-hant.s, for a patent in England, fcc, for inf5truments, &c. 
invented by them for manufacturing wood growing in this king- 
dom into chip hats and bonnets ; and also a method of raising 
straw in this kingdom for manufacturing bass or straw hats. 
Referred as usual, 20 June. 

21 June. 514. Mr. Secretary Cunway to the Recorder of London, &c. 
Criml. Papurs, Directing that John Benham, the convict mentioned in the letter 

'it''"'^' of 17 June above, be not removed till further order. In the 
meantime the kee]ier of Newgate is to sufl'er him to be taken to 
tlie press-yard for the benefit of the air. 



p. 11 



22 June. 515. L. Macleaxe to the Canada Committee. 

Lett. Bk., See's, Jji-. Porten has made his report of the termination of liquidating 

1766-8, p. 27. ^Yic Canada paper in France. Lord Shelburne therefore desires 

that th. y will admit to tlnir ]iroportion of bonum all such papers 

as have lii'iH li(|\ii(lati'd in I'V.-im-c in consequence of the certificates 

of the Eiiglisli anil l''iencli < '(umiu.ssaries. 

As this attair is now finished, begs leave to remind them of their 
promise to make a suitable recompence to Mr. Changuion and 
Mr. Porten. 

N.B. — The six enclosures in the above letter are states of 
certificates signed at Paris. 

24 June. 516. Commodore Spry to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Admiralty, Transmitting a letter from the Dey of Algier to His Majesty, 

No -''a" a' b '"^^^^^ yi^'iiiy' ^ detailed account of his proceedings at Algier. Upon a 
representation of the distressed condition of the Island of Minorca, 
his Highness was prevailed upon to allow two vessels from Mahon 
to load with corn, which was all he could possibly grant till 
the new corn came in. Was amazed to find that the presents 
given by his predecessors far exceeded Avhat he brought from 
England for like purposes. Mr. Kirke said it was a custom which 
had crept in long before he came to Algier, and that he, the 
Commodore, would be obliued t" cmqily with it, if he meant to 
do any business. All which lie tiiiuid to be too true ; for when his 
secretary went with the TreaMu it's present, who is the person next 
to the Dey, he told him he would receive it as coming from the 
King of England, but otherwise it was not worth his acceptance. 
The Aga, and the other great officers of the Court, being likewise 
out of humour at not having their customary presents of gold 
watches, he, the Commodore, had to promise to send one to each, 
before he could entertain the least hopes of doing any business. 
Having thus in some measure satisfied these people, and the Dey 
being highly pleased with his presents, he endeavoured at the next 
conference to establish an intercourse of trade with Gibraltar, and 
prevailed upon his Highness to issue orders to the Governors of 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 177 



17G7. 



Zafavina and " Arasgon," two ports in the western part of his 
iloniinions, tliat in case any vessels slionld arrive there with letters 
from H.M.'s Governor of Gibraltar, demanding a supply of cattle 
and provisions, they should be allowed to load immediately, which 
could never be done without the express leave of the Dey. To 
this, however, his Highness would not bind himself by treaty. 
Remonstrated upon their cruising in sight of H.M.'s Mediterranean 
])orts. A Spanish zebeque has been taken under the shelter of the 
Island of Minorca. The Emperor ]ii'omises to pay his proportion, 
but they never give up what they have once possession of 

After detailing other negociations, says he met with great 
difhculty m establishing Mr. Sampson in the consulate, as the Dey 
absolutely refused to receive him unless he gave the customary 
presents, and insisted on keeping Mr. Kirke ; but after a great 
deal of altercation, and upon telling his Highness that the i-efusal 
of Mr. Sampson, and the detention of Mr. Kirke, would be looked 
upon as a declaration of war, he consented at the last audience to 
acknowledge him for three months, when he should expect the 
presents from him, or that some other Consul should be appointed. 
Finding it necessary that Mr. Kirke should be removed from 
Algier before his (the Commodore's) departure, he gave him every 
assistance to get away. Mr. Kirke sailed for Gibraltar at the same 
time he did for Mahon. 

A circumstance that occurred during his stay at Algier sets in a 
strong light the disposition of the people. The Moors who inhabit 
the Atlas mountains which extend near east and west close to the 
back of the city, having been extremely oppressed and ill-treated, 
I'evolted, and refused to pay their annual tribute ; upon which an 
army, commanded by the Aga in person, was sent out to compel 
them. The Moors suffered the Algerines to enter the mountains 
without resistance, but in the night attacked them with great 
success, and with great slaughter obliged them to retreat to their 
camp on the plains of Meticlia. As soon as this news came to tha 
Dey, he wrote privately to an officer in the camp, that it Avas God's 
will, and his own, that the Aga should be put to death imme- 
diately. This, though a difficult task, the officer and some of his 
fi'iends succeeded in doing, by strangling him when they went to 
the Aga's tent, as customary, to kiss his hand and receive his 
orders for the night. The anny was then ordered to disperse and 
the expedition laid aside for the year, without a Turk or Moor 
daring to open his lips about the matter. But should another 
misfortune happen on the back of this, most people think it 
would occasion a revolution, in which case the Dey himself would 
be the next to undergo the discipline of the bowstring or the 
scimitar, the majority of the people being by no means satisfied 
with the administration. To this event the Commodore attributes 
in part the ill-success of the negociations, but altogether more to 
the cabals of the Treasurer and other Ministers than to the Dey 
himself and the present Aga, who appears to be less mercenary, 
and much better disposed towards the Engli.sh, than the rest of the 
people in })ower. — Mahon Harbour. 



178 CALENDAR OF 

1767. 

An enclosure, being a letter from Commodore Spry to the Dey, 
demam.ling the release of some Spaniards, kc, wliich jiroved 
ineifectiial. 17 2^P- 

[The letter and enclosure are not bound into the volume.'] 

26 June. 517. The Same to the Sajie. 

Admiralty, Acknowledging a letter, and expressing his gratification at the 

V. , i 0. . . niarks of His Majesty's approval, comuamicated by his Lord- 
ship, &c. 2 px). 

[This is not hound into the volume.] 

28 June. 518. Earl of Essex to Lord . 

Militia,^ "The Ordinance people" having condemned the whole of the 

^ No 23~' ' Hertfordshire arms, will be glad to know wdien an order will be 
issued for new ones. — Stanhope Street. 1 jj. 

29 June. 519. Consul Kirke. 

Admiralty, Extract from a letter from Lieut.-Governor Johixstone to the 

pc . , , ^ o. . -£n;^.\ Qf Shelburne, dated from Mahon, relative to the conduct 
of Mr. Kirke, who, by intrigues and presents, had prepossessed 
the Dey against Mr. Sampson. He believes it past doubt that that 
Consul has, from private views and pique, greatly prevented the 
Island from receiving the supplies so necessary ; and foresees, 
except his Lordship will interest himself to obtain fi-om the Dey 
of Algiers either a port where vessels from Minorca may at all 
times export corn or cattle, or by settling a certain number of 
licences yearly for that purpose, that they will be much distressed 
before the winter is over, as the crop has turned out but badly. 1 p. 

3 July. 520. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of the Admiralty. 

Admiralty, Encloses for enquiry an extract from a memorial lately pre- 

i766-'84 p 12 sented by the French Ambassador, containing a complaint against 

a boat's crew of the " Mecklenliurgh " cutter, together with a copy 

of an extract from the registers of the Admiralty of Boulogne 

accompanying it. — Whitehall. 

3 July. 521. The Same to the Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Dom. Entry Bk., Signifies His Majesty's pleasure that he should give directions to 
V. , I'P- - • g^|2 ^i^g bishops, his Grace's sufl:ragans, to procure fi-om the parochial 
clergy, in their respective dioceses (and like\vise in his Grace's 
own diocese), and, in His Majesty's name, should requii-e from all 
persons interested with peculiar jurisdictions within the same, as 
correct and comjilete lists as can be obtained of the Papists or 
reputed Papists within their several parishes and jm-isdictions, 
[distinguishing their parishes, sexes, ages, and occupations, and 
how long they have been there resident], to be laid before the 
House of Lords the first day of the nest session, pursuant to 
their order for an address to His Majesty for the same, which is 
enclosed. 

A like letter was sent to the Ai'chbishop of York. 
The order is also entered. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



179 



1767. 
3 July. 

Treas.EntryBk., 
1763-7.5, 



7 July. 

Channc4 Islands, 
pel. U,No. 1. 



S July. 
Dom. Geo. III.^ 



9 July. 

Ireland, 

V.42G, No. 2 



10 Jul 

Dom. Entr 

V. -24, 

pp. 142-7, 



Sajie to the Lords of the Treasury. 
, for enquiry to be made, an extract from 



522. The 

Encloses, for enquuy to be made, an extract from a memorial 
from the French Amliassador, containing a complaint against some 
English seamen, supposed to belong to one of H.M.'.s Custom-house 
cutters.— Whitehall. 

523. Report of H.il.'s Advocate General (Marriott) on the case 
of Capt. Gautier. If the facts are true as stated, he, his officers 
and cre^', are liable to prosecution in H.M.'s High Court of 
Admu-alty. Any act done merely against the laws of France, such 
as smuggling or attempting to smuggle in that kingdom, is not 
a crime cognisable by the law of England, but the assaulting, 
firing shot, wounding, or killing upon the seas, is punishable by 
that law. Gives dnections as to what steps are necessary to be 
taken. 3 iip. 

524. Petitiox for Licence to enclose. 

Petition of Sir John Webb, Bart., for a licence to enclose a 
highway and three footways in the parish of Hatheiop, in th^ 
county of Gloucester. 

Referred to the Attorney and Solicitor General. 



525. 



Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Bristol) to the 
OF Shelburne. 



Earl 



Has appointed (on the resignation of his brother, Mr. Augustus 
Hervey,) Theophilus Jones, Esq. to be his chief secretary ; and 
Richard Jackson, Esq., to be his secretary for the provinces of 
Ulster and Munster, in the i-oom of the said Theophilus Jones. — 
St. James's Square. 1 p. 

526. Earl of Shelburne to the Lord President of the 
Privy Council. 

Encloses an account of the estancjue duty of Minorca for 17C6, 
and of the anchorage duty for the same year, transmitted by 
Lieut.-Governor Johnston, together with an extract from his letter 
relating to the same, to be laid before His Majesty. 

The extract and accounts are entered, that of the anchorage 
duty on p. 1.51. Mr. Johnston sends the balance of the fund with 
the account of the stanque duty on brandy, but begs His Majesty 
to favour him with the balance, or some part of it. This indul- 
gence he a.sks from the following reasons : — At the first establish- 
ment of this fund, in the time of Lieut.-Governor Kane, there was 
an agreement between him and the then magistrates of the Island 
(at whose solicitation he then apphed for and obtained it) that 
one half of the fund should be appropriated for public works, tiU 
that time a burthen upon the community, and the other half for 
his own private emolument. But Mr. Kane, finding afterwards 
that the magistrates here made a very mischievous use of their 
share of this duty, took it again out of their hands, and employed 
it for such services as he judged most beneficial for the public. 



180 CALENDAR OF 

1707. 

So this duty remained till long after his death. In 1752, from a 
false representatioji made by the Minorquin syndics, the Court 
gave the whole of this duty to the magistrates. But the Ministiy 
soon perceiving that this step, instead of remedying public evils 
and abuses, very considerably increased them. His Majesty in 
Council, Aug. 10, 1753, took this duty once more out of their 
hands, and put it again under the Lieut.-Governor's direction, 
ordering him to appoint a receiver, and also a receiver of the talla 
book ; which he, Mr. Johnston, proposes doing this spring, as it 
will ]irevent much fraud and injustice, which too frequently ]iass 
in Minorca. The magistrates of the Island would very gladly and 
quietly have come into a compromise of giving him one half, and 
taking the other half themselves ; but he did not think that he had 
any right to dispose of it to others, nor authority to appropriate 
any of it to his own use, without having His Majesty's warrant 
for so doing; though all his predecessors did appropriate the 
greater part of it, and some the whole to themselves, -wathout any 
such sanction. He, however, excepts the balance for 17C3 out of 
this rule ; because that was a present made particularly to liim- 
self by the Marquis de Puysineux, the French Governor, and his 
predecessor, who might have carried away the whole sum if he 
had pleased. The chief point Mr. Johnston has in view in this 
matter is to act as agreeably as he can to His Majesty's will, and, 
nevertheless, not willingly to let his successors in his office suffer 
a loss in their emoluments by any negligence of his. And also, 
unless His Majesty grants this emolument, or some other in lieu 
of it, this Government will not be of half the value of that of 
Gibraltar, though the trouble of it is infinitely greater, the garrison 
equal, and the consequence of it not much inferior. 

The Rev. Mr. Edw. Clarke was Mr. Johnston's agent, and Peter 
Mir and Theodore Alexiano, collectors of the stanque of brandy 
and anchorage respectively in Minorca. The total amount of the 
stanque was 1,009/. 8s. lO'rf., and the balance 548/. 5s. lit/. The 
anchorage amounted to 90/. 16s. 1(7., and had a balance due oi 
IGs. 1(/. 

15 July. 527. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom. Geo. III., Referrmg for their consideration a petition from the merchants, 
V. 5, p. 22. traders, and inhabitants of Dominica, as well as several merchants 
of London and Liverpool concerned in the trade of that Island, 
praying His Majesty to order the establishment of a Government 
and Legislature for Dominica, independent of Grenada or any other 
island. 

15 July. 528. The Same to the Same. 
Dora. Geo. Iir., Sending, for their opinion thereon, a memorial on behalf of the 

V. 5, p. 23. inhabitants of South Carolina, presented by Mr. Garth, agent for 
the jirovince, petitioning that county sheriffs may be appointed 
ill lieu of a provost marshal. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 181 



No. 153 



17G7. 

15 July. 529. Lord Advocate of Scotland (Moxtgomery) to Mr. 

Scotland, [SkCRETARY CoN^VAY]. 

The remarkable cause peuclent in the Court of Session here for 
some time respecting the birth of Mr. Douglas, who, as the reputed 
son of Lady Jean Douglas by Sir John Steuart, succeeded to the 
estate of tlie late Duke of Douglas, was determined yesterday 
against Mr. Douglas by the casting vote of the President of the 
Court, the ordinary judges being equally divided in opinion. 
Sends herewith a letter from the Com-t concerning two threaten- 
ing lettei's sent to the President in regard to his conduct in the 
cause. Suggests the offering of a pardon and reward in the usual 
form for discovery of the writers. Likewise sends letters from the 
parties in the cause, begging that a premium of 300^. for each may 
be offered by them in the Gazette. He suggests oOOl. or 1,000?. 
as a proper sum to be oifered by Government. — Edinburgh. 

The enclo.surL's, including copies of the threatening letters. 

17 July. 530. Mr. Secretary Conway to Governor Woud. 

Isle of Man, The Marquis of Granby, in virtue of his commission as General- 

V. 1, J. o. 53. in-chief, thinks himself empowered to grant leave of absence to 

Isie^oman ^"J officer stationed in the Isle of Man. But at the same time 

Entry Bk., he acknowledges that he thinks it proper that Mr. Wood should 

1765-IS17, ]j^ uiformed, as Governor, at anytime when he employs that 

''■ ■ authority. If this has been omitted, he .says, it shall be more 
carefully observed for the future. A draft. 1 p. 

•21 July. 531. CojiJK.iDORE Spry to the Earl of SiiFLiiUKNE. 
Admiralty.^ Enclosing an extract froiu a letter from Mi: Traill, H.M.'s Consid 

■ •' > '■ °-'^'- j^(; Tunis, with the information that the Bey of that place ha.s made 
restitution of his share of the capture of the " St. Antonio de Padua." 
In coasequence thereof has written to Mr. Sampson, directing him 
to endeavour to obtain from the Dey of Algiers satisfaction for his 
proportion of the said prize ; and in order to facilitate his applica- 
tions, has also written to his Highness, claiming the performance 
of his promise that he would pay the same as soon as the Tunisines 
gave up the other two thirds. — " Jersey," in Marseilles Road. 

21 July. 532. P. M. MoRiN to Dr. Morton and Dr. Maty', Secretaries 
Ddui.EiitryBk., of the Royal Society. 

V. 24, p. 148. yends, for the information of the President and Council, a copy 

of a letter which Lord Shelburne has written, by order of His 
Majesty, to the Master General of the Ordnance, directing him to 
pay such bills as shall be certified to him by the Council of the 
Royal Society, for printing the Observations made at the Royal 
Observatory at Greenwich. — Whitehall. 



182 

17G7. 
23 July. 

Scotch 
Correspnce., 

1763-95, 
pp. 26-29. 



CALENDAR OF 



29 July. 

ctt.Bk., Sec' 
766-71, p. 12 



30 July. 

Admiralty 

Entry Bk., 

1766-84, p. 1.3. 



533. Mr. Secretary Coxway to the Lord Advocate of 

Scotland. 

Relative to the two incendiary threatening letters sent to the 
President of the Court of Session since the determination of the 
cause depending between the Duke of Hamilton and Mr. Douglas. 
His ilajesty has consented to the offer of a free pardon to any 
])erson who shall discover the authors or persons concerned in 
writing either or both (except the wi-iter or writei's themselves) ; 
and, in addition to the rewards offered by Mr. Douglas and Mr. 
Stuart, the Duke of Hamilton's tutor. His Majesty is also pleased 
to offer an additional reward of 500?. for the discovery. 

Letters to the same effect to the Lords of Session, Mr. Douglas, 
]\Ir. Stuart, and the Duchess of Douglas. 

534. William Fraser to Edward Stanley, Esq. 

A |ictitiiin. si-ni.'<l I'V the owners of two ships lately arrived at 
Bristn], ];i(l.n with wlioat from the coast of Airica, praying that 
tliL'y may be rrloascd from quarantine, having been referred to 
the Commissioners of Customs, he encloses a copy of a letter from 
Mr. Mortimer, the Vice-consul at Osteud, relative to these two 
ships, for the Commissioners to make their report. Another ship 
from the same place, loaded with wheat, was hourly expected at 
Ostend, which in all probability will sail fi-om thence to England. 

535. Richard Sutton to Philip Stephens, Es(i. 

For leave from the Lords of the Admiralty for the Hon. Archi- 
liald Campbell Fraser, appointed H.M.'s Consul at Algiers, to 
cmliark, with his sei'vants and baggage, on board one of H.M.'s 
ships that shall shoifly sail for those seas ; the captain to have 
orders to land him at Algiers. — Whitehall. 



30 July. 

lom.EntryBk., 
v.24,p. 149. 



30 July. 

Passes, 

1760-84, p. 61. 

4 August. 

Treas.EntryBk., 

1763-75, 
pp. 210-11. 



536. P. M. Morin to the Clerk of the Privy Council in 

WAITING. 

Sends an extract from a letter from Sir James Wriglit, H.M.'s 
Resident at Venice, relative to the jilaguo having lately liroken 
out in a A'enetian village in Dalmatia. 

537. Passport for Major General Lloyd. Fjrni-h. 



538. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of the Treasury. 

Had some time since an application from Mr. John Urings, of 
London, merchant, for the payment of the hire of the snow " Polly," 
employed in H.M.'s serWce in North America in 17-59. Referred the 
same to Geul. Gage, H.M.'s Commander-in-chief in America, to pay 
it out of the contingent money of the army there ; but Genl. Gage 
having objected to the pajnnent of the mone}-, his Lordship now 
transmits to them aU the paj^ers relative to the said demand, together 
with Mr. Uring's report, in order that they may proceed thereupon 
as they shall think proper. — Whitehall. 

A list of the enclosures. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 183 



1767. 
7 August. 539. The Same to the Goverxor of Guernsey. 
Channel Islands Transmitting a eoiiy of a memorial from the French Ambassador, 
iTGL^R 16 °'^ behalf of the syndics and proprietors of the Insm-ance Com- 
pany of Paris, on the siibject of the ship " Mary Joseph," of 
Dunkii-k, wrecked on the Isle of Guernsey ; for enquiry to be 
made into the truth of the facts, and whether the 5 per cent, 
commission set forth to be demanded by Mi-. Bood, and the salvage 
of one third said to be insisted on, are more than are legally due in 
such cases, and whether it be the legal course to oblige the owners 
on such occasions to sale of vessel and cargo, in order to ascertain 
theii- value. Mr. Bood, or Budd, as the name should be properly 
spelt, was agent to the Commissioner's of Sick and Hurt, for the 
care of prisoners at Guernsey in the late war, Init lias at present 
no puljlic employment. — Whitehall. 

12 August. 540. LiEUT.-GovERXOR JoHX Mylne to the Earl of Shel- 

Channel Islands, BURNE. 

j^^\ i*b Enclosing a deposition made before him and the Koyal Coiu-t. — 

St. Peter's Port, Island of Guernsey. 

The enclosure (French). It relates to two ships laden with 
corn from the coast of Barbary, supposed to be English, and 
suspected to be infected with the plague, against which a " pub- 
lication " was issued by the Commissary of Caen, and which had 
been driven from St. Malo and Cherbourg. All intercourse with 
them was forbidden. 2i 2^P' 

About 541. The Landgrave of Hesse. 

13 August. u Mem™ of monies due to the Landgraviate of Hesse." 1 ^a 
Dom. Geo. III., 

pel. 7'J, No. 34. 

17 August. 542. Ship carried to Algiers. 

Admiralty, Certificate and affidavit relative to the brig " Isabella," of Leith, 

No^n^a'b which was boarded and carried to Algiers, and, having been 

released, brought from thence to Mahon certain despatches from 

the Consid to the Earl of Shelburne. 3^ pIK 

18 August. 543. L. ILvcleane to Grey Cooper, Esq. 

Le_tt.Bk., Sec.'s, Euclose.s, for the information of the Lords of the Treasury, a 
' ' " ' P' ^ ■ copy of a letter from George James Bruere, Governor of the 
Bermuda Islands. — Whitehall. 

20 August. 544. Lieut.-Governor John Mylne to the Earl of Shel- 

Channel Islands, BURNE. 

pel. 14, No. 3. Relative to the wrecked ship '■ Mary," of Dunkirk. The affair 
was determined some time ago by the Roj-al Court in Guernsey, 
Mr. Budd, H.M.'s Receiver General, had for his trouble 5 per cent. 
The salvors were paid by the day according to the risk they had 
to run, and the time they had worked. — Guernsey. 



18-1 CALENDAR OF 



1767. 

20 August. 545. P. M. Morix to [tlie Clerk of the Couxcil ix waiting]. 
Dom.Emryiik., Euclo.se.s jjapcrs to Lc laid before the Lord President. 

V. J4, p. Ijo. ,. Like letter, mutatis mutandis, to Grey Cooper, Esq. 

" Philip Stephen.?." 
" L' Guv. of Gucrn.sey, I- August," in the margin. 

21 August. 546. L. Macleane to Grey Cooper, Esq, 

Left.Bk., See's, Sends, for the information of the Lords of the Treasury, a copy 

1,66-68, p. 2'j. ^j- a paragraph from Lord Shelburne to Lord William Campbell, 
relative to his first application for leave to appropriate the quit 
rents and coal mines in the province of Nova Scotia ; as also a 
copy of his last letter on this subject, which will be answered next 
mail. It would seem that Lord AVilliam Campbell did not wait 
for any answer to his first letter, or he certainly would not have 
ventured to allow any part of the collieries to be wrought, and 
therefore it is very likely that he put an immediate stop to their 
being kept open as soon as he discovered his error. — Whitehall. 

28 August. 547. Earl of Shelrurxe to the Lords of the Adjiiralty. 

Admiralty Sends, for enquiry, an extract from a letter i'rom the Spani.^h 

• -(,^l7x li Ambassador, containing a complaint against Lieut. Edgar, of H.M.S. 

" "^ ■''■ ■ '• .Eolas."— Whitehall. 



ol August. 548. Hu-Mphrey Morice to Lord . 

Dom^ Geo. in., Asking him to intercede for a pardon for two criminals, whose 
^"^ ' ' '^°' '■ petitions are enclosed. Can't in any way avoid interceding for "em, 
as the borough of Launceston, which he represents, and also that of 
Newport, where he chooses two members, both interest themselves 
that they should bo saved. If it shouLI bo improper to grant 
their requests, asks the favour of an ostensible letter. — Werington 
in Devon. 2 pj?. 

The enclosures are not with the letter. 

o Sept. 549. Sir Christopher Treise to Lord [Shellurxe (] 
Doui. Geo. III., Making (at the particular desire and request of Mr. Serjeant 
pc . ,'.!, 1 o. 38. (^{}ynn ^1^,1 jXi- Popham, counsel for the convict, supported by 
many i-espectalile gentlemen in the neighbourhood) an ajjplication 
in favour of WiUiam Pearce, convicted and condemned at the last 
Cornwall assizes for taking an inconsiderable quantity of cotton 
from a wreck on the coast of Cornwall. — Trenant. 3 j)}). 

4 Sept. 550. K. SuTTOx to Philip Stevexs, Esq. 

Adminilty Finds that orders have been sent from the War Office to Ports- 

mouth some time ago, to dispose of the troops exjiected from 
America. — Whitehall. 



Eiiti-yUk., 



4 Sept. 551. H. Morice to Lord [Shelburxe?] 

^°P: ^™-l'l- Is extremely obliged for the respite that has been sent for the 

pc . < . , . 0. ;'. ^^^.^ convicts in Launceston gaol. One of them was reprieved by 

the Judge since he Avrote, and the people of tliis neighbourhood 

are now more anxious than ever to have the other saved. It is 



HOME OFFICE PAPEKS. 



185 



very much owing to their being jjersuaded that he is not guilty, 
ami that the witnesses on the trial were jjerjared. Neeiis not 
explain to his Lordship the situation one is in with voters of 
boroughs just before a general election, and how apt they are to 
fancy one has not done one s utmost if one fails of success in a 
point that they have set their hearts upon. Hopes this will be 
his excuse for troublijig his Lordship with this second express, to 
explain how material it is for him (Mr. Morice), now that this 
William Pearce, who is above fourscore years, and condemned for 
stealing rope from the wreck of a ship, .should have the same 
mercy from His Majesty that the other convict has had from the 
Judge. — Werington in Devonshire. 2 yy. 



5 Sept. 

Channel Island; 
pel. 14, No. 4. 



552. Salvage. 

Report of the Advocate General (Mariiutt) on the case of the 
"Joseph Marie," of Dunkirk. In this case the proprietors are 
entitled to have their property immediately delivered up to them 
by Mr. Bcod, the King's naval officer and a salvor, who is repre- 
sented to have the same in his custody, upon tlie owners at the 
same time paying the salvage. The proportion that the salvage 
dues bear to the value of cargoes is not fixed, but the law of the 
Admiralty (which is the general maritime law of all Eurojie) rates 
it according to the circumstances of distress and danger attending 
the saving. The difficulty in this case arises from Bood, the naval 
officer and a salvor, and the other salvors who Avere with him, 
insisting upon a sale of the cargo, and Bood going further, and 
insisting that he should be the seller and have live per cent, 
commission for the selling; whereas the o^vners are unwilling. 
Both these pretensions of Bood and the other salvors are tmjust 
and without reason. Nobody can compel the owiaers to sell the 
goods ; their value must be appraised. Gives his idea as to where 
Bood and the salvors got tlieir notion of selling the cargo. The 
true reason, he supjiosrs, \vliy the owners do not choose to sell the 
cargo is that it would suit tliem better to run it into England. 
The reason which the nirmurialists give, viz., that the cargo would 
sell for more at Dunkirk, can hardly be true, unless in the above 
idea of smuggling. The true valuation of the cargo must be taken 
at the prices of the actual place whsre the will of Providence has 
thrown it. o\ pp. 



15 Sept. 553. P. M. Muiun to the Clerk of the Council in waiting. 
Dom.EntryBk., Sends a copy of a letter from the Rev. Mr. Burnaby, chaplain oi 
V. 24, p. . 2. ^^^ British Factory at Leghorn, who acts as H.M.'s Consul there 
in the absence of Mr. Dick, relative to a report of the plague 
having broken out at Malta. By a letter received yesterday from 
Sir James Wright, at Venice, it appears that the plague, which 
had broken out near Cataro, in Dalmatia, (of which an account 
was given in the letter of 30th July,), had not extended further, 
ami that no ])er;.(in luul died of it from the Gth July to the 6th 
August.— Whitehall. 



186 CALENDAR OF 



17G7. 
17 Sejit. 554. ("'oMMODORE Spry to the Eael of [Shelburxe]. 
Admiralty, Announcing the death of the Duke of York. He expu-ed 

^ ''■°-- ■ precisely at eleven o'clock this morning. Has directed Capt. 
Cosby, of H.M.S. '• ilontreal," to receive on board his Eoyal High- 
uess's remains and attendants, and to proceed to England. — 
Monaco. 1 J 2^P- 
17 Sept. 555. L. Macleaj^'e to John Powxall, Esq. 
Dom. Geo. III., Enclosing a copy of a letter from the Lieut.-Govenior of Vir- 
T. 0, p. 23. o-inia, doted 30th July 1767, for the information of the Lords of 
Trade. 

Lett.Bk.,Sec.-s, 556. Like letter {rauiati^ mntandii) to Thos. Bradshaw, Esq., 
iT66-s,p.3o. j^t the Treasury. 

21 Sept. 557. P. M. MoRix to the Clerk of the Council in waiting. 
Dom.EntryBk., iy;i-. Burnaby having, according to his promise, transmitted 
v.24,pp.io3-4. fm-ther accoimts relative to the alarm taken of the plag-ue's being 

on Ijoard a Maltese vessel, sends an extract from his letter, so far 
as it relates to that matter. 

The extract entered. The ilhiess on board the Maltese vessel 
was no other than a putrid fever. 

22 Sept. 558. Commodore Spry to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Adrairalt)-, From Marseilles went to Naples. During his stay there three 

^^}^^'. Turkish slaves swam on board the "Jersey" in the night, and 

'""''' claimed protection, and afourth made his escape on board the "Mont- 
real." The iii'st that escaped was demanded by one of his Sicilian 
Majesty's ofheers ; but he, tlie Commodore, refused to deliver him up, 
alleging that it was contrarj- to treaty, particidarly as he had 
swum at least seven miles to the ship. Four Englishmen also 
came on board the " Jersey," and declared themselves deserters. 
Encloses copies of a letter from the Hon. William Hamilton, H.M.'s 
Plenipotentiary at Naples, stating that the Marquis Tanucci, his 
Sicilian Majesty's Secretary of State, had claimed them as deserters 
from Neapolitan regiments ; and of his, the Commodore's, answer. 
From Naples, proceeded to Genoa to deliver His Majesty's letter 
to the Doge of that Republic. On his arrival, hearing that the 
Duke of York was ill at Monaco, he lost no time in despatching 
the " Montreal " to his Royal Highness, and followed himself as 
soon as he had had an audience of the Doge. Got to Monaco on the 
nio-ht of the 16th. Immediately waited on his Roj'al Highness 
at the palace of the Prince of Monaco, but found him so iU of a 
miliary fever as to be quite insensible, and past all hopes of 
recovery, and the next morning he died. His Royal Highness 
was treated by the Prmce, both before and after his death, with 
all the humanity, attention, and politeness imaginable. The same 
honours v%-ere paid to the remains by the good Prince as would 
have been .sho^vn to a Prince Royal of the blood of France on the 
like occasion. — [H.M.S. ] "Jersey," in Yillafranca Bay. 
The enclosiu'es. 7i pji. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 187 

1767. 
22 Sept. 559, Johx Larpext to Geoiige Broavn, Esq., ITnder Shcritf of 
Criml. Paiiers, Cornwall. 

p. i!")4. ' ' It was not known to Mi'. Secretaiy Conway, when he sent the 

respite for three A\-eeks for William Pearce in Laimceston gaol, 
that any other respite, either from ]Mi-. Justice Yates or Lord Shel- 
hurne's office, had been before sent. The respite from Lord Shel- 
burne's office bemg " till signification of the King's pleasure," it 
will be imdoubtedly proper for hiiu to comjaly ^Ylt\\ that order. 

2.5 Sept. 560. George Browxe, Under Sheriff of Cornwall, to Lord 

Dom. CxL-o. in., . 

'^'"' ■ ' ' ' ^ *'' ■ Sends a petition, by desire of the gentlemen subscribing it, on 

behalf of this " poor unfortunate old man," whose respite expires 
on the .5th of October, liefore which time he hopes for his Loi-d- 
ship's further directions on the melancholy occasion. — Bodmin. 
1 p. 

[There is no petition forthcoming. The " old man " is most 
probably the William Pearse referred to in the preceding and other 
letters.] 

2.5 Sept. 561. Kicilvrd Suttox to H.M.'s Posx.ArASTER Gexeral. 
Doin. Entry Ek., Desires that there be added to the list of clerks in the Earl of 

, p. oj. Shelburne's office the names of Mes,?rs. Daniel Leautier, Thomas 
Stewart, George Randall, and Thomas Shadwell, Avhom his Lord- 
ship lias als(.) licensed, pur.suant to the Act, to frank printed votes, 
piocr, .liiii:- in Parliament, and ])rinted newspai)ers sent Ijy the 
p,,,t.— Whitehall. 

Before 562. Report of Mr. Baron Adams on the case of Willm. Keech, 

[29] Sept. tried at Bedford for highway robbery, and sentenced to death, but 

Dom. Geo. III., recommended to mercy. The Judge sees no objection to a free 

T. 7 9, No. 7. pardon. 2 pp- 

29 Sept. 563. Circular to Mixisters, &c. 

Circular Bk., Circular from Mr. Secretary Conway, announcing the death of 

i/61-bC, p. 03. .(;]-j^, ])^,i-Q of York, and sending letters of notification. Sent to 
Sir J. Yorke, Lord Stormont, Messrs. Shirley, (.Junning, Stanhope, 
and Cressner ; Sir A. Mitchell, Sir J. ClDodricke; and Messrs. 
Greville and Wroughton. The paragrajih as to the letter of noti- 
fication, omitted to Messrs. Titley, Woodfoi'd, Swallow, Mathias, 
Welters, Wallace, Gordon, Correy, and Fenwick ; Governor Wood, 
Lord Justice Clerk, and Marquis of Lorn. 

P.S. to Mr. Gunning and Mr. Titley only. — The King has written 
a letter in his own hand by this post to the Queen of Denmark, 
and, in order to prevent surprise as much as possible, it has lieen 
delivered to M. Dieden, the Danish Minister, to forward. 

30 Sept. 564. Earl of Shelbubxe to the Right Hox, Hujiphky 

Dom. Geo. in.. MORICE. 

pel. 79, No. 4.5. The ca.ses of Richard Williams andWilliamPear.se have been 

referred to the Judge, on whose recommendation His Majesty has 
extended his mercy to the former, on condition of transportation 



188 



CALENDAK OF 



for life. But the circuuistauces of William Pear.se's case are so 
alnmdantly worse a,s reported by tlie Judge, tliat His Majesty does 
not think himself at liberty to extend the same raercy to liim. 
Since his Lordship has been in office, it has been His' Majesty's 
invariable rule to pay the greatest regard to the opinion of the 
Judges, not having, to his Lordship's knowledge, differed in any 
one case from it. The reason and justice of it must be clear, since, 
on the one hand, it is highly reasonable that country convicts 
should have the same chance as those of the capital, whose cases 
are always reported by the Recorder. On the other hand, after 
trial, sentence, and reconsideration by the Judge, it is highly 
expedient that justice .should take place, for the good of the com- 
munity, on whichever side it appears. In the present case the 
inhumanity of plundering the distressed, and increasing the cala- 
mities of the unfortunate, are circumstances mentioned in the 
Judge's report, which do not leave this imhappy man an object 
of His Majesty's clemency. Has received the petition, addressed 
to Geiil. Conway and himself; and Genl. Conway's sentiments 
agreeing with his own, asks him, Mr. Morice, to inform the gentle- 
men who have signed it (most of whom his Lord.ship has the 
honour of knowing personally, and to whose application in any 
matter of favour he would he proud to show the greatest regard) 
of His Majesty's determination, and Mr. Conway's and his Lord- 
ship's concern on so unhappy a case. — A copy. 3 pj). 



1 Oct. 565. R. SuTTOX to Philip STEPHEi\.s, Esq. 

Admiralty To know whether any of H.M.'s ships arc under orders to 



Entry Bk 
1766-84, p. 1.";, 



ail 



within a short time for the Mediterranean. — Whitehall. 



1 Oct. 566. P. ?*!■ MuRix to the Cleek of the Couxcil in waiting. 

Dom. Entry 15k., Sends copies of a letter from the Lords of the Athnii'alty, and 
V. -24, -p. 15C. ^^^^ enclosed therein from Mr. Lyttelton, H.M.'s Envoy Extraordi- 
nary and Plenipotentiary at the Court of Lisbon, to Mr. Stephens. 
—Whitehall. 

" Like letter to Mr. Cooper, Secy, to tjie Lds. of the Treasury." 



1 Oct. 

Ireland, 

v. 431, No. 1. 

Entered iu 

Ircl.EntryBk., 

1761-70, p. 93. 



567. Eaiil of Sheleuene to Loed Lieutenant of Ieeland 
(Townshexd). 
Transmitting intelligence received from the Lords of the 
Admiralty (.30 Sept.) in order that directions may be given for 
the proper precautions to be taken in the ports of Ireland. A 
draft, hp. 



Oct. 

Dom. Geo. Ill 
V.5, pp. :24-3.i 



568. The Same to the Lords of Trade. 

Transmittmg for their consideration copies of several memorials 
and ]ietitions from merchants trading from hence to N. America, 
or residing in the colonies, setting forth the present state of the 
Lillian trade, and representing the necessity of some new regula- 
tion. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 189 



17G7. 



In regard to the enormous expenses of N. America, arising in 
great measure from the present manner of managing Indian ati'airs 
by the intervention of superintendents, who have a power of draw- 
ing for such sums as they shall judge expedient, as well as from 
the number of forts existing ever since the late war, and the 
distant stations in which the troops have remained for want of 
any regular plan having been adopted since the peace, their 
Lordships are to state their opinion how far the appointment of 
superintendents remains longer necessary, their first institution 
being sup])Osed to be chiefly, if not solely, for the purpose of a 
general union of the colonies, under His ]\Iair>ty's iimiirdiate 
direction, to resist the encroachment of the Freurh at tlu- licuiiiiiing 
of the last war ; or how far it maybe propir t.. ^trL■ll^tlH■ll the 
hands of these officers, who are independent li. ili of the civil and 
military power, agreeably to their repeat- d a] -plications. But as 
the regulations imposed by the superiiitiiidnits are asserted in 
the petitions rather to clog the trade with useless and vexatious 
restrictions than to remove evils complained of, and as the 
Governors of several of the colonies do not keep up a regular 
correspondence with these officers, paying little or no regard to the 
rules laid down by them, if their Lordships should think their 
further continuance imnecessary, they will then state their opinion 
as to the proper method to intrust both the trade and managiMuVnt 
of the Indians to the care of the colonies themselves, leaving them 
to pass laws which shall be adapted to the circumstances of the 
respective provinces, which shall in course be sent over for His 
Majesty's approliation or otherwise, the provinces defraying what- 
ever expense they may judge necessary for their own security 
ao-ainst Indian incursions. Also, the several forts now maintained, 
serving solely as a barrier against the Indians, they are to consider 
whether most of them may not be reduced, and others of them 
entrusted to the provinces themselves, stiH preserving the neces- 
sary communications by means of a few forts remaining in the 
hands of H.M.'s troops on the great lakes and rivers which lead 
from Canada to the Mississipjji and the frontiers of New York, 
and which, with a small number of vessels to command the 
navigation, may answer every intention of Government. 

Referring also to their Lordships extracts from several letters 
from Sir J. Amherst and Genl. Gage, recommending the establish- 
ment of further new governments on the Mississippi, the Ghio, 
and at Detroit, at one or more of which places a considerable body 
of French have been suff'ered to remain since the peace without 
any form of government ; also diflPerent proposals from pi'ivate 
people for undertaking establishments in those parts. The argu- 
ments in favour of these settlements are the securing of the fur 
and peltry trade to His Majesty's subjects, preventing smuggling 
with the French and Spaniards, now amounting to so considerable 
a sum annually as to become a national object; the promotion of 
the great object of population, and increase of the demand for 
British manufactures, particularly by aftbrding to the Americans 
an opportunity of following their natural bent for the cultivation 



190 CALENDAR OF 



of land, and offering a convenient occupation for tlieir superfluous 
hands, who, otherwise, miglrt be forced into manufactures to rival 
the mother country ; the raising of provisions ; and the jDrotection 
of the old provinces by forming of themselves an exterior line of 
defence, and keeping the Indians in awe. The savages, who are 
hemmed in by our settlements on both sides, must either become 
domiciliated and reconciled to our laws and mamiers, or be obliged 
to retire to a distance. 

His Lordship sends all the papers which can furnish any lights 
in these matters, which, with the materials in their office, exami- 
nations of merchants, and such of H.M.'s military servants as 
have been in America, will enable theii- Lordships to present their 
report. 

A list of the jiapers enclosed also entered. 

8 Oct. 569. R. SuTTOx to Philip Stephens, Esq. 

Admiralty Asking for leave from the Lords of the Acimiralty for Edward 

i766-84^p' lu. Barker, Esq., appointed H.M.'s Consul at Tripoli, to' be received 
together with his servants and baggage on board the .i5!]olus, and 
to be landed in Tripoli.— AVhitehall. 

9 Oct. 570. Mr. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to ill;. 

Isle of Man, [SECRETARY CoNWAY]. 

T. 1, No. 54. Acknowledges the letter of the 29th Sept., containing the 

melancholy account of the death of H.R.H. the Duke of York, 
an event which fills him with the deepest concern. — Castletown. 
!/'■ 

10 Oct. 571. Commodore Spry to the Earl of Shelbiirne. 
Admiralty, Enclosing an extract received at Leghorn from Sir Horace 
No^so^a'b Mami, H.M.'s Envoy Extraordinary at Florence. To which he 

had answei'ed that if His ilajesty's service would admit of it, and 
it did not interfere with orders received from England, he would 
use his best endeavours to comply with the Grand Duke of Tus- 
cany's request. In case, therefore, he receives no orders from 
England to the contrary, and after refitting, he will proceed to 
Leghorn so as to be there at the proper time. — Mahon Harbour. 

The enclosure, containing a request that he would be at Leghorn 
to enable the Emperor [of Germany], who would be in Tuscany, 
to visit the ships, he having expressed a curiosity to see the sea 
and ships as a sight totally new to him, the Grand Duke also 
having seen no ship bigger than his own frigates. SJ pp. 

10 Oct. 572. Lord Lieutenant of Irel.vnd (Town.shend) to the Earl 

Ireland. OF ShELBURNE. 

No^-'lf b Upon his arrival here on his way to Ireland, recei\'ed the 

enclosed letter from the Lords Justices, stating apprehensions that 
the letters patent authorizing the Chief .Justice of King's Bench 
in Ireland to supply the place of the late Chancellor as Speaker 
of the House of Lords in Ireland, determined upon the death of 
the Chancellor. Concvu-ring in opinion with the Lords Justices 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 191 



that it is a matter of importance that new letters patent should 
be passed before the meeting of Parliament, transmits the said 
letter and a copy of the foi'mer letter signed by His Majesty, and 
requests that the King be moved to comply without loss of time 
with the suggestion of the Lords Justices. — Chester. 
The enclosures, 8i 2^p. 

10 Oct. 573. Mr. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to Mr. 

Isle of Man, [SECRETARY CONWAV]. 

^' ' °"' ' Has received his letter of the 5th Sept. ; and in reference to what 

Mr. Bradshaw observes, if his, the Governor's, appointments are 
not settled till the funds of the Island are sufficient to defi-ay the 
expense of the civil and revenue departments, he fears that that 
will not be immediately, owing to the number of families who 
have supplied themselves with the most considerable articles 
mentioned in the late Act, at a time when they could be purchased 
at low rates. At the same time (when these are exhausted) he 
has no doubt but the plan adopted will sufficiently answer the 
intention of Government. After a delaj^ of nigh three years, and 
now that a fund is allotted, he hopes the desire of having his 
appointments at least fixed will not appear unreasonable. The 
salaries of the revenue officers have been so from the beginning, 
and are paid up to July. — Isle of Man. 2 pp. 

12 Oct. 574. L. Macleane to Philip Stephens, Esq. 

Lett.Bk.,See.'s, Sends, as requested, a list of the Attorneys General in the several 
^''<i!f~<fi provinces of North America. — Whitehall. 

pp. do, 61. mv V i. 

The hst :— 

Jamaica, Gilbei-t Ford. 

Bai'badoes, Jonathan Blenman. 

Leeward Islands, Thomas Warner. 

Grenada, William Lucas. 

Bermuda, John Slater. 

Bahamas (none). 

West Florida, Edmund Rush Wegg. 

East Florida, James Box. 

Georgia, Charles Price. 

South Carolina, Egerton Leigh. 

North Carolina, Thomas M'Guire. 

Virginia, John Randolph. 

New York, John Fabor Kemp. 

New Jersey, Joseph Worrell. 

Quebec, Francis Maseres. 

Nova Scotia, Nesbitt, appointed by Gov. 

Massachusetts Bay (none). 

New Hampshire (none). 

13 Oct. 575. The Same to John Pownall, Esq. 

Dom. Geo. III., Sending extracts from several letters received fi-om N. America, 
V. 5, p. 35. ^^ ^_^g jg^. _^ ^g^^j.g ^j^g ^^^^^ ^^ Trade.— Whitehall. 

A list of the enclosures. 



192 CALENDAR OF 



1767. 

13 Oct. 576. E.vp.L OF SnELErRXE to the Lord Lieutenant of 

Irdaml, IRELAND. 

''"■'■ l^iccoivcd this mornini^- liis letter rd' the 10th inst., and lost no 

time in ]>repaiiiiL;' and laying hefore His ilajesty tlie instrmnent 
desired, no\v transmitted hy a S})ecial messeng-er. A draft, i jk 

14 Oct. 577. The Sajie to the Hon. Charles Sloane Cadogan. 
Dom.EntiyRk., Order.s having been given to the Commander of one of H.M.'s 

''■"'*•''■'"'■ yachts to proceed to the Kore, and receive the body of his late 
lloyal Highnes.s the Duke of York from H.M.S. " Montreal " when 
she shall arrive there, and convey the same to Greenwich, and 
there deliver it to his care, signifying His Majesty's pleasure for 
him to attend on that occasion, Avith such persons of his late 
Pi,oval Highness's household as shall be thought proper. — White- 
lial!. 

1.5 Oct. 578. THr).s. Waite to Lauciilin Macleane, Esq. 
Ireland, Aunoimcing the safe ariival of the Lord Lieutenant, and giving 

v.43i,No.4 a.ii. ^ description of the ceremonies which took place thereupon; — a 
UK.ire particular account of which, however, is contained in the 
enclijsed paper, which Lord Frederick Camjibell desires may lie 
inserted in the London Gazette. — Dublin Castle. 
Till.' enclosure. 2^ pp. 

IG Oct. 579. Papers j-elative to the case of iiartin Kuyck Van Microp, 

Dean. Geo. III., i" connection with a claim upon Mr. G. ^Y. Emmerman, of Cassel, 

pel. 79, ' agent for liquidating demands for forage, and on his agent, Mr. 

No. 47 a to e. ( 'hristian Konigstein. "With them are also a .specification of forage 

delivered in Germany, ite. .S jjp>. or pari yf of pp. 

17 Oct. 580. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of the Admiralty. 

Admiralty Transmits, for inquiry, cojiies of three extracts from the Admiralty 

Jp!.'*" ■'^'^'', - registers of St. Malo and Havi-e de Grace, received from tiie French 

Tf '^' Rk Minister, containing depositions of acts of piracy connnitted by the 

i7B3-75Tp^2V2! crew of a vessel supposed to be English.— \Aintehall. 

17 Oct. 581. P. M. MoEiN to the Clerk of the Council. 
Dom.EutryBk., Sends an extract from a letter from Sir James Wright, H.M.'s 

V. 24,p. i.-iS. Resident at Venice, enclosing the copy of a circular from the 
Health Otiice there relative to the plague. 

18 Oct. 582. Dr. Cha. Morton to Lord [? Shelburne]. 

Dom. Geo. III., To mention a particular (relative to his pubKcation of Domesda}- 
pel. 79, No. 48. gpok) lately hinted to him by Mr. Onslow, senior. Immediately 
iipon His Majesty's approbation of his estimate, and the subsequent 
vote of Parliament, and notice to him fi-om the Treasury, he had, 
and still has, free admission to the original of Domesday Book 
in the Chapter House, Westminster, upon the notoriety of his 
appointment. But as it is in the breast of any of the officers 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 193 



1767. 

there, and iiarticularly of Mr. Morley, the principal, to require of 
him a written order under .sign manual for his admission to the 
use of it, and, indeed, to refuse him without it, asks his Lordship, 
by Mr. Onslow's advice, for such an order. It was done in the 
Duke of Newcastle's time to Dr. Hunt, of Oxford, for free access 
to the Royal Library, and even to remove to Oxford a considerable 
]>art of it, for the ]3ublication of Dr. Hyde's ]iapers, lately completed 
by him and Dr. Sharp. Thanks his Lordship for the kind manner 
in which he mentioned him on his maniage v,n.th Lady Savile. — 
Twickenham. 3 ^)j). A jwrtion of the letter has been torn. 

IS Oct. 583. iLvKQUEss of Lorxe to Mr. [Seceet.vry Conway]. 
Pcothmd, It, ^vas with the utmost concern that he received the letter of 

^'■■**''^°''''"'- Sept. 29th, informing him of the death of H.R.H. the Duke of 
York, which he apologises for not having an.swered sooner. — 
Rosneath. 1 ^). 

20 Oct. 584. Lord Frederick Campbell to the Sasie. 

Ireland, _ Having brought to Ireland the petition of John Theoljald Dillon, 

' ""'■ and inquired into the usual course of proceefling upon such peti- 
tions, has been informed that it is the constant practice to refer 
them to H.M.'s Attorney or Solicitor General for his opinion, 
whether, upon consideration of the several Acts of Parliament for 
preventing His Majesty's subjects in this kingdom from entering 
into foreig-n service, any legal objection lies against the pardon 
desired, and whether, if the same may be granted, His Maje.sty's 
letter should be obtamed, or whether the jiardon may properly 
be passed, in pursuance of a warrant from the Lord Lieutenant, 
without the authorit}' of a King's letter. As no agent for 
Mr. Dillon has appeared here, he must be informed that he should 
employ some proper person to attend and fee His Majesty's counsel, 
and to pass the pardon through the several offices. — Dublin Castle. 
- PP- 

20 Oct. 585. ' Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Town.shend) to the 

Ireland, EaRL OF SUELBURNE. 

r.43i, No.Ga, . rpj^^ Parliament of this kingdom met this day. Encloses a copy 

of his speech at the opening of the Session. Both Houses have 
unanimously resolved upon addresses to His Majesty. — Dublin 
Castle. 

The enclosure. 4 2^p- 

21 Oct. 586. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of the Admiralty. 
Admiralty Encloses a copy of a memorial lately' presented by Mons. Durand, 

i766°-84^''r!? the French Minister, relating to the detention, near the Island of 

' ' "' Newfoundland, of a French vessel, called "La Chere Marie," of 

Grandville, by an officer acting under the orders of Capt. Pallisor ; 

a copy to be sent to the last for information as to the exact state 

of the fact, and the reasons of the said detention. — Whitehall. 



194 



1707. 
21 Oct. 



CALENDAR OF 



587, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the 
Earl of Shelburne. 
Acknowledging the receipt of His Majesty's letter authorizing 
John Baron Annaly, the Chief Justice of King's Bench in Ireland, 
to supply the place of His Majesty's Chancellor of Ireland in the 
Upper House. — Dublin Castle. 1 p. 



22 Oct. 

Channel Islands, 
pcl.l4,Nos.5,6. 



588. Capt. Pomeroy Gilbert, Lieutenant-Governor of Jei'sey, 
to Mr. Secretary Conway. 

Enclosing a dangerous and incendiary writing publicly affixed 
in St. Heliers, not only threatening to deprive the inhabitants of 
the liberty of trade, and to burn, sink, and destroy their shipping, 
but also to murder him. To show that such an unwarrantable 
proceeding cannot arise from a scarcity of the necessaries of 
life, encloses also the prices of provisions at the market in Jersey, 
the 26th of last month. 

The second enclosure only. 3 irp. 



22 Oct. 

Ireland, 

Y.431, 

!fo. 7atoe. 



589. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the 
Earl of Shelburne. 

Encloses the addresses of both Houses of Parliament to the 
King, and copies of those to himself, with his answers. — Dublin 
Castle. 

The enclosures. Great satisfaction is expressed in regard to 
the recommendation by the King for securing the judges in the 
enjoyment of their offices and appointments during good be- 
haviour. 14 j)p. 



27 Oct. 

Dom. Geo. III., 
pel. 79, No. 49. 



590. The Attorney General (De Grey) to Lord . 

In reference to the petition of Edward Coldham, Esq., for a 
pardon for his brother, Mortlock Coldham, who has been convicted 
of perjury, upon which he was directed to report. Has lately 
found that upon some former application a report was made by 
Lord Mansfield, before whom Mr. Coldham was tried. This 
renders it improper for him, the Attorney General, to make a 
report. 2 'pp. 



27 Oct. 591. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom. Geo. III., Transmitting several letters lately received from Mr. Symmer, 
T. 5, pp. 36-8. ^-^^Q v\7as appointed H.M.'s Agent for Turks Islands, in consequence 
of their Lordships' representations of 15 Aug. 1704 and 10 Dec. 
1765, proving His Majesty's right to these Islands, &c. : their 
Lonlships to consider the proposals contained therein, and the 
regulations which appear to have been made by Mr. Symmer. 
Sending also his Lordship's letter to Mr. Symmer, directing him to 
pi-oceed no further till he has received H.M.'s orders. 
A list of the enclosures. 



HOilE OFFICE PAPERS. 195 



1767. 
27 Oct. 592. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the 

Ireland, EaRL OF ShELBURNE. 

' "' ■ Desires him to lay before His Majesty the pretensions of CoL 

Cuninghame and General Armstrong for the Irish regiment vacant 
by the death of Sir Da\'id Cuningham. As His Majesty allowed 
him on a former occasion to mention how useful a mark of his 
Royal favom' to Mr. Cuninghame, from the connections and in- 
fluence he has in this country, would be to his service, will not 
now presume to say any more on th.e subject. — Dublin Castle. 

27 Oct. 593. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, jjas had several conferences with the servants of the Cro^vn 

.431, No. 12. ^^^^1 those supposed to have the leading intere.st in this kingdom, 
and has met -with a very general disposition to promote the King's 
service in eveiything which he can with certainty represent to be 
His Majesty's pleasm-e. The recommendation made to Parliament 
to secure the judges in their offices during good behaviour hath 
met with universal approbation. He called together the three 
chief judges and the principal servants of the law, previous to 
forming the speech to Parliament, and by their advice avoided 
touching upon the increase of the number or salaries of the judges. 
This advice seemed to arise partly out of a delicacy to themselves, 
but more from an apprehension that from hence an opportunity 
might be taken La the House of Commons by the Opposition to 
raise suspicions that this step was chiefly calcidated to increase 
the value of the office of Chancellor, in order to tempt some men 
of eminence in England to accept the seals. Is in great hope, 
however, that some independent person will move this session to 
have the number and salaries of the judges increased. The general 
imeasiness in men's minds that a Chancellor has not yet been 
appointed, and the disgust conceived by many from thinking it 
to be a settled point never to give the seals to a native of this 
country, are stronger than he represented them whilst in England. 
Is assured that it is owing to the attention and temper of Mr. 
Attorney General that a motion was not lately made in the House 
of Commons to lay before the King the great inconveniences that 
must arise from not appointing a Chancellor ; and if the seals are 
not soon disposed of, it may perhaps be impossible hereafter to 
resist such a motion, which might be the beginning of much ill- 
humour between the two countries. Has opened confidentially 
to many persons here the favourable disposition there is in the 
King and his servants to reconsider the question of a Bill for 
limiting the dm-ation of Parliaments. Heartily wishes he had 
been authorized to .speak out on this important subject. Has, 
from his fii'st landing, endeavoured to find out the real sentiments 
of men of weight upon the subject of the augmentation of the 
army to three or fom- thousand men, and to obtain their support 
for the measure, which ought to be brought before the House of 
Commons as early as possible. The Money Bill will otherwise be 
hurried through, the surplus disposed of in jobs under the pretence 
of improvements, and the Committee of Supply closed. From the 

N 2 



19G CALENDAR OF 



conversations alreadj^ had, is not without hopes that this augmen- 
tation may he brought about, though all men avoid ]iositively 
engaging themselves till he can say with precision what security 
is to be given that 12,000 men shall for the future remain in 
Ireland. Earnestly requests, therefore, that the absolute deter- 
mination of the King and his servants upon this point may be 
communicated by express. Imagines that the true reason why 
people speak with reserve in regard to it is, that this augmentation 
will be the means of withdrawing a very considerable sum " from 
the purposes of supporting ]irivate interests," besides, perhaps, at 
the same time, forcing in a militia, which will be a great additional 
expense. Is inclined to believe, however, that a strong letter, 
expressing His Majesty's earnest wLshes for this augmentation, 
and commanding him, in all his recommendations for favours, to 
attend piarticidarly to such persons as shall be assisting in it, 
might enable him to obtain the consent of Parliament to this 
measure, — early attention being likewise paid in Great Britain to 
the Act of King William, with regard to the number of forces 
allowed to be kept up in Ireland. Hoped to have received by the 
first messenger the final determination of the King's servants 
relative to the Bill for limiting the duration of Parliaments, and 
also depended for having His Majesty's orders as to pensions for 
life or years, and reversions. Is very impatient to receive this 
despatch, because the more he is enabled to resist solicitation, 
though some, he fears, must at last be given way to, and the more 
he is authorized to speak out, the better able he will be to execute 
His Majesty's commands with expedition and success. 
Harked " Private and confidential." 4 JW- 

29 Oct. 594. Earl of Shelbuene to the Loed Lieutenant of Ieeland. 
Ireland, Acknowledges the receipt of letters, kc. Transmits His Ma- 

No. 9 a to c jssty's answers to the addresses from the Irish Houses of Parlia- 
ment. 

The enclosures. Draffs, o-i ])p. 

Also entered, the letter in Ireland Entry Bk., ]7Gl-70, j). 100 ; 
and the ansivers in King's Lett. Bk., v. 12, pp. 147-8. 

29 Oct. 595. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, jjis Majesty is very much surprised at not receiving before now 

' °- '^- a particular account of the state in which his Excellency has 
found things in Ireland ; and as there was not time for him to send 
over a draft of his speech for His Majesty's aj^probation, the King 
ex]5ected' he would have wrote a particular letter containing his 
reasons in explanation of it. His Excellency will, upon reflection, 
be sensible how much the King's servants must have been 
astonished to find mention made, in the King's name, of his having 
it in charge from His Majesty to recommend a provision to secure 
the judges in their offices during good behaviour, as it was 
expressly contrary to the opinion of the Lords who met at the 
Lord Pre.sident's the evening before his departure, when, atthe 
same time that they approved the measure, upon full consideration 
of his Excellency's proposal to mention it in his speech, did, for 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 197 



1767. 

very material reasons, recommeiad it to him rather to make use 
of ojeneral wurds, leaving it to him in jjrivate conversation to 
acquaint such persons as he should judge it to be for His Majesty's 
service to talk contiilentially with, of the determination of the 
King's servants to support in Council the Septennial Bill and tlic 
judges for life, and to hear with a favourable disposition whatever 
should be offered towards the forming of a Militia and Habeas 
Corpus Actj concerning which no other difficulty presented itself 
than that peculiar to Ireland from the number of Roman Catholics. 
He must, then, easily conceive how impatient His Majesty as well 
as his servants must be to know what reason could possibly 
induce him to mention so particularly the second ]ioint, that of 
the judges for life, after being in person apprized of the opinion 
of the King's Cabinet servants, and their reasons for it. It is also 
much wished that he had not made so strong a declaration of his 
desire to exclude all foreigners from a share in any article of the 
linen trade, since he may remember it was the principal objectimi 
to the BiU that passed the lasit sessions of Parliament, that tV)reign 
nations would be alarmed by it to such a degree as to induce 
them to lay fresh duties on the woollen trade of England, which 
it might not be able to bear. His Majesty is, however, persuaded 
that he has not neglected to apprize, in the most explicit manner, 
his chief servants, and such persons as his Excellency shall have 
judged proper, of the plan for the new regulation for the army, 
and of the share of it which His Majesty expects Ireland to bear. 
The design itself of setting the infantry in every part of the 
British dominions upon the same establishment is so wise, and the 
benefit which will arise to Ireland by their troops not being liable 
to be weakened by frequent draughts is so obvious, and at the 
same time their proportion of paying six regiments on foreign 
stations so equitable, which leaves their share of the general 
burden so light in comparison of the benefit they receive, that it 
is scarce possible to conceive the least (ibjeetion should arise to 
such a projjosal at any time, ]iai ti(.'iilai ly wlion his Excellency is 
gone over apprized as well of His 31 aji sty's constant regard to the 
welfare of Ireland, as of his present favourable disposition upon 
IJoints which have been so long and so eagerly desired by the 
people of that kingdom. He will perceive that the King's answer 
to the House of Commons is drawn up with the view to convey 
his gracious inclinations in terms as strong as the occasion would 
properly admit of, at the same time that he expects a cheerful and 
unanimous compliance in the grant of such supplies as shall be 
asked of them, both for the support of Government and for the 
public safety, which last expression aUudcs to the plan the King- 
put into his hands himself, nothing further being meant l;y it. 
A draft, marl-ed " Private." 8 jip. 

31 Oct. 596. The Same to the Same. 
^■■•^•j Knt^^Bk., Encloses the petition of John Theobald Dillon, Esq., of the 
pp. 94-u'. kingdom of Ireland, praying a pardon for the crime of having 
entered into foreign service. It was transmitted by Genl. Conway, 



198 



CALENDAR OF 



who received it from Count Seilern, the Imperial AmLassador, 
who represents that the Empress Queen interests herself much in 
favour of the petitioner. As the King is desirous of doing a thing 
agreeable to her Imperial and Royal Majesty, it is his pleasure 
that the same be referred to the Attorney General of Ireland. 
The petition is also entered. 

3 Nov. 597. Circular to Ministers. 
Circular Bk., Circidar announcing the birth of a Prince, and sending letters 

i,ci-SG, p. G4. ^^. notification. Sent to Sir Joseph Yorke, Lord Stormont, 
Messrs. Gunning, Wroughton, Stanhope, and Cressner ; Sir A. 
Mitchell, Sir J. Goodricke, and Messrs. Greville and Shu-ley, The 
paragraph as to the letter of notification omitted to Messrs. Titley, 
Woodford, Swallow, Mathias, Wolters, Wallace, Gordon, Correy, 
and Fenwicke ; Governor Wood, Lord Justice Clerk, and Marquis 
of Lorn. 

8 Nov. 598. Earl of Shelbuhxe to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

irel. Entry Ek., The Queen was happily brought to bed yesterday of a Prince, 

17C1-70, p.ys. between 12 and 1 afternoon. Both Her Majesty and the young 

Prince are, God be praised ! as well as can be expected. — Whitehall. 

599. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the Earl 
OF Shelburne. 

'*'■ Acknowledges his letter enclosing His Majesty's answers to the 

addresses of the two Houses of Parliament m Ireland. — Dublin 
Castle. 1 'p- 

600. The Sajie to the Sajnie. 
Encloses a memorial from Lieut.-Colonel James Cuninghame, 

1^ Captain in the 4.5th Regiment of Foot, praying for leave to go 
abroad for twelve months for the recovery of his health. As his 
Excellency knows the Colonel to be in a very dangerous way, and 
that nothing biit an immediate alteration of climate can save his life, 
he has ventured to permit him in this exigency to go to England. 
The enclosui'e. 2 pp. 

601. The Same to the Same. 
Has just received his private letter of the 29th past. Had 

before prepared dispatches for him in consequence of a meeting of 
the King's servants on Monday night, relative to the augmenta- 
tion of the army. This, from the unexpected tenor of liis 
Lordship's letter, must now become a part of his defence, which 
shall be sent by the next packet.— Dublili Castle. 1 p. 

602. The Same to the Sajie. 
It now becomes him to answer his Lordship's letter of the 

29th past very fully, as it contains a most heavy charge against 
him in every part of his conduct since his arrival. Will do it 
with all the duty and submission due to His Majesty, to whom 
he insists upon his Lordship's immediately communicating his 
defence. 



4 Nov 

Irelanil, 
V. 43 1, No. 



4 Nov. 

Irelaml, 



4 Nov. 

IrL-land, 
,431, No. 



.3 Nov. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 199 



1767. 



Did, as soon as he could with any degree of certainty, send for His 
Majesty's information a very particular account of what appeared 
to be the true state of aflairs in this kingdom ; and Ls convinced 
that when His Majesty considers how very late he was appointed, 
and that he did not arrive until the 14th ult., His Majesty vnH be 
of opinion that he could not have formed any tolerable idea of this 
kingdom, and the weight of different persons in it, sooner than the 
27th, when a very explicit dispatch was sent. 

In forming his speech to Parliament, he conducted himself by 
what he remembered to have been the King's gTacious inclination 
towards Ireland, and from what appeared by the minutes taken 
at the Councils on the 7th and Sth of October to have been " the 
" universal sense of all His Majesty's servants " then present. His 
Lordship will observe that the only thing he mentions to have in 
charge fi'om His Majesty is that provision be made for seeming 
the Judges in the enjoyment of their offices and appointments 
during good behaviour, which is less than the minute of the 7th, 
because he says nothing of an augmentation, and not more than 
the minute of the Sth, which says, " the Septennial Bill and the 
" Judges for life, with augmentation, &c., approved of, if found 
" convenient by the Lord Lieutenant." His Lordship must like- 
wise remember that the Lord Chancellor, who was very explicit 
on the 7th, was not present on the Sth. This lieing the case, did 
not apprehend it woiild be necessary to enter into any exjDlanation 
of the speech, but did transmit, as was usual, a copy of it on the 
day of its delivery. When his Lordship comes to reflect on what 
passed at these Councils, and to read over with attention the 
minutes alluded to, he will be convinced that his Excellency's 
authority on the 7th was absolute, and on the Sth discretionary. 
And if his Lordship had considered the detriment to His Majesty's 
affairs arising from the uncertamty of the instruction, he would 
rather have found an opportunity of commending than reprimand- 
ing the use of that discretion. 

Cannot, surely, be expected to have had in view the objections of 
particular j^ersons to the Act which passed last Session of Pai-lia- 
ment, for prohibiting the importation of French lawns and cambrics. 
But the law passed ; and the clause enclosed, marked A., will show 
that if French cambrics and lawns are not efiectually prevented 
from being brought into Ireland, the people of this kingdom will, 
after the 24th June 1768, be prohibited from sending any manu- 
facture of that sort into Great Britain; and his Lordship must 
recollect that a cambric manufacture has been long established 
here under the protection and encouragement of Paiiiament, for 
which reason he thought he could not too strongly enforce what 
the Legislature of Great Britain and the policy of this kingdom 
seemed to demand. 

Hopes His Majesty will believe that nothing could have made 
him neglect for one moment the explaining and enforcing the plan 
communicated by the King himself for a new regulation of the 
army ; but thought it nnnecessarj^ to make professions of zeal, 
best shown by the effects produced by his earnest endeavours. 



200 CALENDAR OF 

17G7. 

Accordingly, in his do.spatcli of the 27th past, he informed his 
Lordship that lie was not without hopes of obtaining an augmenta- 
tion full as considerable as that which His Majesty wished for, the 
expense whereof will amount annually to about 40,000Z., and in the 
first year to G7,000?. Very soon found that the reserve met with on 
that point, and which he attributed to certain other reasons, had 
a much deeper foundation ; for those who were best acquainted 
with the state of the revenue were of opinion that in fact the 
country was not able to bear such an additional expense. Upon 
examination, he found these opinions too well grounded. This 
put him upon searching for various methods of supplying the 
expense without any new aggressive taxes ; and for this purpose 
he has suggested the increasing the revenue by lowering the duty 
upon tea, and by raising a tax of 4s. in the j^ound upon absentee 
placemen and pensioners. These, with such a reduction of parlia- 
mentary grants as could in prudence be made, he thought would 
have been sufficient ; but had the mortification to find, at a very 
general meeting held last Monday evening, that it was the 
unanimous opinion of all present, that, from the state of the 
national debt, which appears to be greatly increasing, it would be 
dangerous to attempt an augmentation of more than 2,000 private 
men ; nor would any one advise him to let even this be proposed 
in Parliament, until he could with certainty say what security His 
Majesty would give that 12,000 should be constantly resident in 
Ireland ; for which reason it was recommended to be submitted to 
the King and his servants, whether, upon an addi-ess from the 
House of Commons, His Majesty would give such an assurance. 
Transmits, in order to justify these apprehensions, a state of the 
revenue for four years past, with a short account of the national 
debt, and an explanatory paper amiexed. 

If anything could have enabled him to carry on the King's 
aflTairs with better success, it would have been a punctuality on the 
part of his Lordship in informing him, in the first place, of His 
Majesty's determination with respect to a Chancellor ; and, in the 
next, of the final resolution of His Majesty's servants with regard 
to the Septennial Bill ; and, lastly, of His Majesty's pleasure with 
regard to pensions for lives or years, and reversions. 

Heads of a Bill for the limitation of Parliaments were moved 
the fiii'st day of the session, but no ste[i has been since taken, 
owing to the absence of several members wlio are attending upon 
contested elections. • The Habeas Corjius and Militia Bills have not 
hitherto been mentioned in Parliament, though they are certainly 
to be moved and much pressed. How they ought to be received 
depends upon their being properly framed, which, in the present 
state of the country, will be very difficult. 

The expressions in his Lordship's letter are so strong that they 
appear little less than an arraignment ; and for this reason ho 
must insist on this his defence being laid before His Majesty, who, he 
hopes, will think it a full answer to every charge. If not, he must 
with all submission request to be recalled from a government in 
which it seems impossible for him to continue with advantage to 
Ilia Majesty or satisfaction to himself — Dublin Castle. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 201 



1767. 

The enclosures. From these accounts it appears that, notwith- 
stancUng the reduction of the forces in 17G3, and an increased 
revenue in the two years to Lady Day 170-5, from the large 
importation of .spirits and other merchandize on the peace, and the 
keeping of all extraordinary expenses as low as possible, in order 
to avoid raising money on the vote of credit of 17G3, the produce 
was barely sufficient to defray the charge of tlie two years, and 
that in the succeeding two years, the revenue felling short and the 
extraordinary expense increasing, the debt uf tlie nation was 
augmented by 73,089;. 17s. ll|f?. 16 jjp. 

5 Nov. 603. EiijiL OF Shelburxe to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

^T-'^r^V" ^^^ answer to his recommendation for either General Armstrong 

v.43i^^No! 13. *^^' t^olonel Conynghame to succeed to Sir David C'unniiiLjliaiu's 

Entered in regiment, is to acquaint him that regiments which art' statimiid in 

Irel. Entry Bk., other parts of the King's dominions have always been cimsidered 

17G1-7U, p.98. distinct from such as remain in that kingdom, and that in con- 

quence this regiment has been already disposed of to Major-Gen. 

Irwin. 1 2)- 

5 Nov. 604. The Same to the Same. 

Irelanii, In regard to the security desired upon the subject of the army, 

' °' ■ as his Excellency did not mention any particular mode of security 
suggested in Ireland, his Lordship thought it necessary to see the 
Attorney General upon it. From his conversation with the latter, 
is apprehensive (however desirous the King and his ministers cer- 
tainly are to give every proper assurance of the intentions of Govern- 
ment in this respect) th.at it will be imposslblr to have any such 
security made part of the Act which is tu I^ pa--, .1 liere to enlaro-e 
the King's powers, on account of very mati.-rial dbji-etions reo-ardino- 
the King's power, as well as the .service of both kingdoms, in case 
of any actual invasion, or such uncommon emergency. 
A draft, marJced " Secret and separate," 2| pp. 

5 Nov. 605. The Same to the Same. 

i^f'''^l' 1 r, -^i^ Majesty extremely approves of his early attention in talking 

to His Majesty's servants, and to the principal persons in Ireland, 
upon an augmentation of the army. Eecounts the reason of tlie' 
necessity for, and the benefits to arise from, this measure ; and has 
no doubt that, in the light of the general disposition represented 
to exist, to promote the King's service, he will find a cheerful 
concurrence of the Kings servants and principal men of property 
to support this measure. Has, therefore, nothing more to add on 
this head, than that His Majesty was unanimously advised to 
give every assurance of 12,000 men remaining in that kingdom, 
as far as is consistent with the safety of both kingdoms in case 
of any sudden or extraordinary emergency. Consequently his 
Excellency must proceed in sounding the opinions of the principal 
interests in Ireland, and transmits his opinion how far the success 
of this measure may be relied on. As no parliamentary step can 
be taken in Ireland till an Act is passed here to remove the 
restraint imposed by the Act of the 10th of King William, all he 



V. 431, No. 1.1 



202 CALENDAR OF 



can do, lurtlici- thai^ .sounding tliu iirincipal ijoi'sonw in regai'd to it, 
Avill be to take proper care that in respect to parliamentary 
business the way to this measure be kept clearly open, and that 
no engagement be entered into in connection with public money 
which can interfere in any way with this important object. 
In regard to the Bill for limiting the duration of Parliaments, has 
only to repeat the determination of the King's servants to support 
it in Coivncil, as ivell as to hear luith a ffirmi r'lhlr ilisjHisition 
v.'hatever shall he offered toiuards formimj <i Mil ilia und Jhdieas 
Corpus Act, concerning which no other dijjicidtij auyijeds itself 
than that pecidiar to Ireland from the nwnher of lioman Catholics ; 
and to suggest that it will be necessary to have it for eight years 
instead of seven, to avoid the confusion attending a general 
election in both kingdoms the same year, as well as that the even 
number is more adapted to Ireland on account of the Parliament 
there meeting every two years only. 

As to the uneasiness in respect to a Chancellor not being yet 
appointed, arising from a surmise that it is a settled point oiever 
to give the seals to a native of Ireland ; — besides that no such 
exclusion has ever been thought of, it is scarce possible to conceive 
that a suspicion so ill-grounded, and which so directly tends to 
reflect on His Majesty's care of his j^eople of Ireland, should be the 
foundation of a motion in the House of Commons at a time when 
His Majesty's regard for them is so strongly manifested by His 
attention to promote the administration of justice, as well as to 
every point which can advance their welfare and happiness. Nor 
is it possible, were such an address to pass, to say what effect it 
might have upon His Majesty's present most favourable disposition. 
He may, however, acquaint him (the Lord Lieutenant) that he will 
shortly be able to inform him of a proper person being fixed on. 

Has the pleasure to convey His Majesty's approbation of the zeal 
which his Excellency professes in his service, and to signify that he 
will never want the King's support in all proper instances ; but, at 
the same time, has to acquaint him that His Majesty, in regard to 
the granting of pensions for life or years, or reversions, perseveres in 
his resolution to allow him to declare to the i^rincipal members of 
both Houses, that, unless for weighty and impoitant reasons, and 
vmder particular circumstances, of which His Majesty is the only 
judge, it is not his intention to grant any pension for life or years, 
or any places in reversion ; and that neither His Excellency, nor 
any of the King's servants here, do intend to recommend any 
such grants. 

A draft, marhed, " Private and confidential." G pp. 

G Nov. 606. The Same to Commodore Spey. 
Adinualty, Acquainting him with His Majesty's approbation of his conduct 

i.,G,Xo.3i. jj^ regard to the negotiations with the Dey of Algiers, frc. 
Mr. Eraser has instructions to procure as free a trade as possible in 
corn for the supply of Minorca, either liy obtaining a poi't to load 
at throughout the year, or a certain number of Tiscarees 3'early. 
H.M.'s Consul will be instructed to reclaim the Portuguese slaves 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 203 



1767. 

taken out of an English ship at sea, as it cannot be questioned that 
the British colours ought to protect every free person on board, 
of whatever nation, and the contrary practice would occasion 
endless searches and examinations contrary to treaties. But if 
they were the property of the Algerines before their escape it 
would very much alter the question. As to the presents for the 
Dey's officers, as experience shows that their demands are always 
rising, and are encouraged by gi^dng way to them, it is His 
Majesty's pleasm-e that, for the future, the distributors of his 
presents should keep witlrin the sum he has thought proper to 
allow. His Majesty approves of the protection given to the 
deserters who returned to their colours. Suggests that the Tiu-ks 
mentioned by him, if they should be Levant Turks, should be sent 
to the Dey, in case they are wiUing to enter into his service, as he 
complained that there were only one Levant Turk and three Moors, 
instead of four Levant Turks, as he expected, returned in the 
place of the Spaniards. Mr. Fraser has received a caution that 
His Majesty expects all persons acting under his commission to 
behave with a proper degree of respect and decency towards the 
powers to whom they are commissioned, without assuming a 
dictatorial language, which is more calculated to irritate than to 
promote the interest of their master. He (the Commodore) is to 
pay Adams and Co., at Santa Cruz, for the redemption of the 
" Pitt's " crew. 

P.S. — He, the Commodore, judged properly in being inclined to 
gratify the Emperor's curiosity in attending him at Leghorn. 

A draff. 8i 2^P' 
Nov. 607. R. Sutton to Pomeroy Gilbert, Esq., Deputy Governor 
ClnmiK-i Islan.ls of Jersey. 

V ^i!'i76i-98, ^^^ answer to his letter of the 22nd of October. His Majesty 

p. 17. ' has authorised Lord Shelburne to promise his pardon to any one 
of the accomplices who should discover the writer of the threaten- 
ing paper, or those concerned in it, with a i-eward of 100?. upon 
their being convicted. 

6 Nov. 608. L. JLvcLEAXE to Grey Cooper, E.sq. 
Lett. Bk., See's, (1.) In answer to his letter to Mr. Sutton, asking for a reply 

PP*^3i-3! *° ^ ^^^^'-'1' ^'^^^ ^"^ ^*^i'*^^ Shelburne's office the 10th of April, with 

a memorial and accounts from Governor O'Hara. A letter was, by 
Lord Shelburne's order, sent to Mr. Lowndes on the 2.5th of April, 
copy herewith transmitted, stating that His Majesty was satisfiecl 
with Governor O'Hara's accounts, and approved of the payment 
of them. 

(2.) Sends an extract fi-om a letter from Mr. Tryon, Governor 
of North Carolina, recommending the establishment of a comptroller 
for Port Beaufort in that province. 

(.3.) Sends copies of a letter and enclosures from the same 
Governor relative to some difficulties in point of law, which 
occurred in respect of a sloop seized by Capt. Morgan, of the 
" Hornet," for illicit trade, and condemned in the Vice*^ Admiralty 
Court of the province. 3 letters. 



201 CALENDAR OF 



1767. 
7 Nov. 609. Lord Lieutenaxt of Ireland (Townshend) to the Earl 

IrelaDd, OF ShELBURNE. 

V. 43i,.o. Ji. jj^^ signed a reference to the Attorney or Solicitor General of 

Ireland, on the petition of John Theobald Dillon, Esq., for pardon 
for entering into foreign service ; and will, if no objection lies 
against the pardon, and he can grant it of his own aiithoiity, lose 
no time in signing the proper orders for its being passed under 
the Great Seal, without troubling His Majesty for his royal 
letter.— Dublin Castle. 2 x>p- 

9 Nov. 610. The Same to the Sajie. 

Ireland, Transmits the resolution of the House of Lords and the address 

No^>*"'toc ^^ the House of Commons, containing their most humble thanks 
for His Majest3^'s answers to their respective addresses. 
The enclosures. 3 pp. 

11 Nov. 611. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, Acknowledging the receipt of his letter of the .Srd inst., with 

v.43i,No. 24. the intelligence of the Queen's being happily brouglit to bed of a 
Prince. 1 p. 

12 Nov. 612. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, _ Desires him to lay liefore the King the apjjlication of Col. Erie, 

V. 431, No. 2a. commanding the 14th Regiment of Dragoons in this kingdom, 

that Cornet Oliver de Lancey, at present absent by licence of 

absence in France, may obtain a further leave of six months, in 

order to enaljle him to i>ursue his studies. — Dublin Castle. 1 p. 

12 Nov. 613. The Sajie to the Same. 
Ireland, The Earl of Carrick, whose eldest son. Lord Ikerrin, was on the 

V.431, Xo.2G. ^^j^ ^j. -Qpg Y'JG^ appointed a cornet in H.M.'s First Regiment of 
Horse in this kingdom, having represented that Lord Ikerrin has 
been mostly in foi-eign parts since his appointment, and still 
continues there, and has not fixed any time for his return to 
Ireland ; and having therefore made application that his second 
son, the Hon. Pierce Butler, may be appointed in his brother's 
]ilace, desires his Lordship to lay the matter before the King. — 
Dublin Castle. 1 p. 

12 Nov. 614. The Same to the Same. 
Ireland, Desircs him to lay before the King the application of Lieut.-Col. 

Coman, Captain in the 4.5th Foot in this kingdom, whose merit and 
long services are very fully stated in the enclosed memorial, and 
whose health, from a variety of climates, has been so much impaired 
as to make it necessai')' for him to quit the army entirely ; tliat he 
may be allowed to exchange his present commission as captain 
with Capt. William Stephenson, late of the 75th Regiment, on the 
British half-pay, giving up all pretentions to any rank. — Dulilin 
Castle. 

The memorial. Si i). 



V.431 
Ko. 28 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 205 



1767. 
1.3 Nov. 615. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, Apologises for having so improperly renewed his request in 

,431, 0.29. favour of Col. Cuninghanie. Had he been Letter informed, 
he had never presumed to trouble His Majesty ; nor would 
have " encroach'd upon L(ird Oranby, wliose situation is most 
" sacred to me from fricndsliip and veneration." — Dublin Castle. 
I p. 

13 Nov. 616. The Sajie to tlie Same. 
Ireiam', Received his letter of the .5th on Tuesday evening, the lOtli in,st. 

.4.31, 0.33. rpj^^ packet sailed again at 12 the .same night, and there has since 
been no packet on this side. 

The two great obstacles to the augmentation are the state of 
the revenue of the country, and the jealousy which may arise in 
the breasts of the advocates of the militia that this measure is 
meant to preclude the latter. Whenever the augmentation shall 
be again touched u]3on in Parliament, or the militia proposed, care 
may be taken to remove this suspicion, especially since he is 
authorized to make known the favourable disposition of His 
Majesty's servants to a Militia and Habeas Corpus Act. Nor will 
he omit to do the same M'ith the Septennial Bill whenever such a 
communication may dispose the minds of men to support the 
augmentation of the troops. However, a communication of these 
sentiments may not have that extensive influence in favour of 
the measure which his Lord.ship seems to expect. Had it been 
judged expedient to communicate His Majesty's favourable dis- 
position towards a Septennial Bill in the speech, it would have 
carried an authority to the ]ieople in general, and acquired a 
jjopularity to Government, which might have probably carried 
through the augmentation without any material opposition. When 
it is recollected how frequently a Septennial Bill has been rejected, 
and that it was returned last year when the Lord Lieutenant 
countenanced it, it will possibly be seen why the hopes which a 
Chief Governor may give do not bear the same authority as a 
recommendation from the Crown. Will, nevertheless, as directed, 
apply this communication of the sentiments of the King's servants 
where it is certain to promote his service, and wishes most 
heartily that it may he as much in his power, as it is in his 
inclination, to prevail, so that His Majesty's kindness to his 
subjects, and the points he has at heart, may go hand in hand. 

May be right to state that the augmentation of the troojos was 
so generally understood from the words in the speech, " trusting ' 
" at the same time to your wisdom and zeal to make further pro- 
" visions, if the necessary sujiport of Government and the safety 
" of this country shall require it ; " or, jierhaps, likewise from 
the language he held v.-ith those whom he had consulted upon it, 
that on the 6th a debate arose upon this very subject in the House 
of Commons. It was opened by Mr. Perry, who endeavoured to 
call upon Lord Frederic]^; ti.i siieak tlie sense of Ciovernment upon 
this point ; and a quotluii \\-as proposed, such as would have 



206 CALENDAR OF 



declared the sense of Parliament in favour of a militia as the oiiJ.y 
effectiud security for the country. The necessity of an augmenta- 
tion was avowed by Lord Frederick ; the incompatibility of it 
with a militia denied. He was supported by the King's servants, 
and the question was defeated for that time. 

Will be equally attentive to prevent any motions on the subject 
of a Chancellor's not being appointed, on which he is still more 
anxious, if possible, since the receipt of his Lordship's last express, 
mentioning not only the ungracious appearance it would wear, but 
also the bad effects it might have on His Majesty's service in this 
country. It is impossible to prevent the conclusions mankind 
will draw from so long asu.spension of filling this office. Confesses 
that his anxiety has gi-eatly increased since the courts have sat, 
without business, in the view of Parliament, where the yirincipal 
members are of the profession of the law, and in general most 
indejiendent. Is assured that it is o-ndng to Lord Annaly and 
Mr. Attorney General that two motions in Parliament, upon the 
situation of the courts, have been prevented. Has explained to 
the other servants of the Crown, and to the principal persons, how 
iU received any steps of this kind must be in England at a time 
when His Majesty's regard to the people of Ireland has been 
manifested by his attention to promote the administration of 
justice, as well as to every point that can advance the welfare and 
interests of his people. Will convey some particulars in a more, 
private despatch. 

p.S. — With regard to the keeping open parliamentary business 
.so that no engagement may interfere with the augmentation of 
the army, the Money Bill must be carried through the House of 
Commons and pass the Council here before the end of this month, 
or there will be great danger of its not being returned to Ireland 
time enough to be passed into a law before the 25th Dec, when the 
present Bill granting the additional duties expires. The Committee 
of Supply is always closed when that of the Ways and Means 
opens ; and the alarms that would be raised if an attempt was 
made to keep it open longer would, he is adv-ised, be dangerous in 
the highest degree. With regard to the engagements for public 
money, he has not countenanced any one proposal. Many persons 
of the greatest weight have promised to do all they can to restrain 
these grants; but the petitions are so numerous, and so many 
members are mutually interested in forcing through their respective 
g]-ants, that he very much fears no great saving Avill be made. — 
Dublin Castle. Marked " Secret and confidential." 8 jj/). 

14 Nov. 617. Earl of Shelburxe to the Lords of the Admiralty. 

Admiralty Encloses a copy of a memorial lately received from the Spanish 

-^T-fi-i ^^in Ambassador, complaining that H.M.'s .ships frequent the Bay of 

Cadiz, and remain there alonger time than is a-rcealilr to treaties. 

It is His Majesty's pleasure that the necessary urdcrs 1m.' given to 

the commanders of H.M.'s ships for the due ol 'servance of treaties. 

— Whitehall. 



-84, p. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 207 



1767. 
14 Nov. 618. Mr. Secretary Coxway to the Lord President of the 

Scotch Court of Session. 

n6"-93°r3 ^^^'- '^^°''^- Groi'clon, who has a commission from the States 

General, regularly approved by His Majesty, to act as their agent 
in Scotland, has comi)lained to Count Welderen, the Dutch Mmi.ster 
residing here, of the injustice as well a.s cruel usage met with from 
some persons acting under the Vice- Admiralty Court, while in the 
execution of his duty, and desired the Count to make a jjroper 
representation to the Secretary of State. As Mr. Gordon has now 
a process depending before the Court of Session with the above- 
mentioned persons, it is unnecessary for him, Mr. Conway, to enter 
into further particulars, as they will be fully laid before his Lord- 
ship, when there cannot be the smallest doubt that the strictest 
justice will be done. But if it .shall appear that Mr. Gordon has 
met with the ill-treatment he represents, it is His Majesty's pleasm-e 
that the offenders should be prosecuted according to law. Desiring 
also a state of the case to satisfy the Dutch Minister. 



l,pp. 18-2.3. 



14 Nov. 619. Earl of Shelburne to Major General Gage. 
Com.^in-chicf, Signifying His Majesty's approbation of his conduct. His 

answers to the points under consideration, confidentially commu- 
nicated to him, have been also very satisfactory. The King has 
referred to the Lords of Trade and Plantations the consideration of 
the establishment of new governments on the Ohio and Mississippi, 
and at Detroit ; likewise how far the reduction of the forts 
occupied by H.M.'s troops may affect the Indian trade ; as also the 
consequences of entrusting the management of Indian affairs to 
the respective colonies under certain general restrictions. 

The enormous expense attending the present method of supply- 
ing the troops cantoned in the back settlements and frontier posts 
of North America, with the heavy contingent charges arising from 
the transportation of stores, and the danger to which the discipline 
of the army is exposed by the regiments being broken up into 
small detachments, have all been very often and justly represented 
in his, the Major General's, letters. By establishing governments 
where provisions, &c. may be furnished on the spot, half the posts 
now kept up will be unnecessary ; while the remainder may be 
partly transferred to the care of the several provinces, and partly 
maintained at a much less expense. The illicit trade with the 
French and Spaniards will be in a great measure" cut off, as the 
goods must be intercepted by our traders ; the Indians will be 
prevented from inciu'sions into the back settlements ; precise and 
definite boundaries will be j^ut to the old colonies ; the trade and 
manufactures of Great Britain will be extended into the remotest 
Indian nations, and such posts only will be required to be gar- 
risoned as command the different Indian communications or the 
intercourse between the colonies by the great rivers and lakes. 
These are the principal points at present under delibei-ation with 
regard to the colonies. The quit rents and grants of land will 
next be taken into consideration. 



208 CALENDAR OF 

1767. 

His Majesty approves of the attention given to Don Anthonio cle 
UUoa at New Orleans. He cannot be too narrowly watched. 

Instructions have been sent to the Lieutenant-Governor of 
Virginia to complete the boundary lino between that province 
and the western Indians, in the same manner as it has been run 
liy the provinces of South and North Carolina, Maryland, and 
Pennsylvania. Governor Carleton has been directed to keep a 
watchful eye on the Jesuits, who have been represented as 
endeavouring to send part of their effects and moveables clan- 
destinely to Italy. Governor Grant has established a post by land 
between the provinces of East and West Florida. Governor Wright, 
of Georgia, has written that the magazines of that province are full 
of gunpowder, no less than 1,100 barrels having arisen from tlie duty 
imposed upon all ships which enter at the Custom House. He has 
desired leave to assent to a law for the commutation of this duty 
into money, until circumstances render it necessary to collect it 
again in kind ; and recommends (the magazines being smaU and 
ill -constructed) that a part of the stock should be sold. — Whitehall. 
(No. 4.) 

14 Nov. 620. Eael of Shelbukxe to the Lords of Trade. 
Dom. Geo. III., Yov their report on the following matters : — 

V. 5, pp. 39-42. 2 rpj^g ^^gg ^^ John Kerr and others, who represent that they 

have served durmg the late war as deputy commissaries of stores 
and provisions in North America, with a pay of 5s. a day, but that 
they have been totally reduced without any pay whatever ; and that 
the Governor and Council of New York have given their opinion 
that they were not, by virtue of the King's proclamation of 1763, 
entitled to any grants of lands. 

2. Govei'nor [Wright's] proposal to take the powder duty in 
Georgia in money instead of in kind. See preceding letter to 
General Gage. 

3. What steps are necessary to be taken for the adjustment of 
disputed or interfering claims to lands lietween the provinces of 
Quebec and New York, particularly to Lake Champlain, — great 
inconveniences having arisen therefrom. 

4. An extract from a letter from Mr. Tryon, CJovernor of North 
Cai'olina, relative to a Court of Exchequer in that colony. Four 
letters. 

14 Nov. 621. The Same to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Ireland, His Majesty consents to the grant of leave of ab-sence for 

V. 431, No. 20. 12 months to Lieut.-Col. Cuninghaine.— Whitehall. A draft. 1_2'. 

1.5 Nov. 622. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to Lord 

Ireland, ShELBURNE. 

v.43i,Ko.34. deceived with the most grateful satisfaction His Majesty's 

declaration that he shall not want his gracious countenance and 
support in such proper instances as he shall lay bclbrc him for his 
services. Trusts that all his applications will appear to have this 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 209 



foundation. However, to avoid any mistake, begs to lie further 
informed whetlier it is not Tmderstood by the communication of 
His Majesty's commands relative to pensions for life or years, and 
reversions, tliat, notwithstanding His Majesty's resolution to dis- 
courage applications for grants of this nature, yet, should there 
appear in the coui-se of endeavours to carry on his business a time 
particularly critical when it may greatly contribute to the 
success of any leading point which His Majesty may have at 
heart (as, for instance, the ]n'esent augmentation of the army), 
he may in such case be permitted to lay before the King what 
shall appear so immediately to interest his service. Mankind 
judge pretty well how to time their requests. Since the general 
idea of the augmentation in this country, has had full reason to 
know it. And, as so large a share of the principal offices and 
emoluments have not been disposed of in this country, it may be 
thought probable that he (the Lord Lieutenant) should hear of this 
circumstance when the Crown is known to have any particular 
object in view. It may be expedient for His Majesty's service (when 
such interesting points as the ]iresent, and others which may arise 
from the Opposition, come forward, and men of the first abilities 
are forming expectations,) that he may be permitted to transmit 
their wishes, without loss of time, for His Majesty's decision.— 
Dublin Castle. Marked " Secret and separate." ii pp. 

15 Nov. 623. The Same to the Same. 
Ireland, ^ Jia,(\ scarcely finished his despatches of the l.Oth, wlien a 

■ ' ' "' very unexpected and important matter arose, which obliges him 
to hire a vessel on purpose, lest public rumour, forerunning hi.s 
information, should make him ajjpear negligent in the King's 
service. Yesterday morning, Mr. Attorney General, to his Excel- 
lency's great astonishment, came to say, that, besides an address 
relative to the vacancy of the Seals, which might perhaps be 
carried, he had certain intelligence that a motion would be 
made in the House of Commons to grant the supply from three 
months to three months, or, as they term it here, a short Money 
Bill ; the ground for which motion, he said, was the very general 
discontent which had been long gaining ground amongst all ranks 
of people throughout the kingdom, and which was now brought 
to a point by depriving the country of the usual course of justice 
in not appointing a Chancellor. By which means the business of 
that Court did not proceed, whilst the attendance of the Common 
Law Judges there put a stop to the proceedings in the other courts. 
He (the Attorney General) said, likewise, that, whatever might be 
the consequence of such a step, he was afraid that the discontent 
at this time was too general to resist such a question with success ; 
but that Lord Shannon and Mr. Speaker, who knew the temper and 
numbers of the House of Commons better than he did, would more 
fully inform his Excellency on this point. They soon afterwards 
confirmed everything Mr. Attorney had said. His Excellency used 
every argument to encourage them to resist such an ill-timed 
indignity to the King, and a blow which would be so fatal to the 



210 CALENDAR OF 

17G7. 

welfare of this coimtiy. They said that, whatever theii- own 
opinions might be, they were convinced, if such a motion were 
made at this time, it would be carried. They urged the same 
arguments which Mr. Attorney had stated were very generally 
u.sed by members of the House of Commons ; and said that, day 
after day, as gentlemen had come to Parliament from the country, 
this discontent had increased to such a degree as to make it 
impossible now to resist the torrent. Nor, as additional expenses 
would certainly be proposed for the army, and perhaps for a 
national militia, would gentlemen be induced to grant any supplies 
that were to continue, mitil they knew the utmost of the sums 
which would be wanted ; the more so as they thought this was 
the only certain method they had of obtaining those popular Bills, 
which had been so often demanded and so constantly refused. This 
seemed so very different from all that had passed before, and so 
unaccountable, that he summoned the very next instant as general 
a meeting as he could in so short a time, of His Majesty's principal 
servants. There were present at this meeting, held last night at 
nine o'clock, the following ; viz., 

The Primate. Lord Dungannon. 

Lord Shamion. Lord Newton. 

The Speaker. Prime Serjeant. 

Mr. Clements. Attorney General. 

Sir Henry Cavendish. Solicitor General. 

Mr. Mai one. Mr. Serjeant Dennis. 

The Provost. Mr. Serjeant Lill. 

Having called upon them all to state their opinion what was 
necessary to be done with regard to the information received. Lord 
Shannon and Mr. Speaker repeated very fidl}' what they had said 
in the morning, and that, having consulted with their friends, they 
were obliged to say that it was not in their jjower to resist such a 
measui'e, if proposed in the House of Commons. Mr. Malone, who, 
except the Provost, was the only person not immediately in the 
service of the Crown, gave his opinion strongly as to the impropriety 
of this measure, which, he said, would be the highest indignity to 
the Crown, and of the utmost danger to the public. He was very 
warmly and vejy explicitly supported in this by Lord Annaly, 
]\L-. Solicitor General, Lord Dungannon, Sir Hemy Cavendish, 
Mr. Clements, and Mr. Serjeant Lill. My Lord Primate did not 
speak upon the occasion. Mr. Provost seemed to think this measure 
very dangerous, but fell into what was the general sense of all the 
other i)ersons present, which was to take time until next Tuesday 
moi'ning to consider whether it ought in propriety at this time to 
be resisted, and, if it should, what was the probability of success. 
It is impossible for his Excellency to express his surprise at finding 
himself in the midst of the King's servants, and hearing a question 
of this sort treated by a part of them in this manner, and so late 
a daj' pressed for the further consideration of a measure which 
ought to have been rejected with indignation. 

As he foimd that the vacancy of the Seals, and an apprehension 
that the popular Bills would be again refused, were now combined 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 211 



to form a pretence for this extraordinary proposition, his Excellency 
urged in the strongest manner the favourable disposition of the 
King's servants towards them, and the information relating to a 
Chancellor contained in his Lordship's letter of the 5th. Nor will 
he hesitate to extend this communication further to such con- 
siderable persons with whom it may weigh on this occasion. Can 
never think that the independent men in Parliament, and the 
several great interests, can concur in so extravagant a measure. 
Will use his utmost endeavom-s to obtain the grant of supply. — 
Dublin Castle. Marked " Secret and confidential." 6^ 2''P- 

1(3 Nov. 624. The Sajie to the Same. 

In4anij, Lq^.j Shannon has just been with him to say tliat Mr. Ponsonby 

■ ' "' ' and he had prevailed upon their friends to desist from the motion 
described in yesterday's despatch, being determined that nothing 
which might caixy the least appearance of disrespect to the King- 
should take i^lace ; but that, nevertheless, an inquiry into the state 
of the nation might yet be taken wp in the present situation of 
things. He informed his Lordship that he was glad to hear a 
business so extremely disagreeable was laid aside ; that lie hoped 
nothing of a similar nature woidd follow it, especially as His 
Majesty had received from hence a state of this country relative 
to its ability to support the augmentation, to which he (the Lord 
Lieutenant) had not had a reply ; and that it deserved well to be 
considered if the King's servants in England had not given, in 
their despatch communicated to his Lordship, all the satisfaction 
which the nature of the case and the constitution of Great Britain 
would permit. Lord Annaly came early yesterday morning to 
declare on his part and that of his friends against this motion of 
the Money Bill. Mr. Prime Serjeant, whose abilities and know- 
ledge are of the first rank in this country, did the same this 
mornmg, and so has the Provost. 

Has ever been cautious in entering into any engagement to 
recommend persons to His Majesty before he has seen the event 
of the measures in this country ; but submits whether it may not, 
after this critical and unexpected event, contribute to the future 
success of his measures, if some of those who stood early and firmly 
against this torrent should receive some marks of his Royal favour. 

Is in hopes that if he can but ward ofi" or prevent an addi-ess 
relative to the Courts of Judicature, and can satisfy the minds of 
the people that the BiU for limitation of Parliaments would be 
returned, such a temper might then prevail as woiUd carry His 
Majestj^'s wishes into execution. Is heartily sorry to dwell upon 
this subject, much more to be told that those strong expressions 
contained in his (Lord Shelburne's) last despatch regarding this 
point (and which have been fully communicated) have not carried 
the entire satisfaction to be expected from them. But as he 
sees there is something that strangely embarrasses the King's 
service, and that the avowed cause is the apprehension that this 
Septennial Bill will, like many former, not be returned with the 
Money BiU, for which so many gentlemen have jiledged themselves 
and their interests to the general expectation of the country, fears 

02 



212 



CALENDAR OF 



1767. 



17 Nov. 

Ireland, 



it would lie unpardonable to omit the information, and to request 
earnestly of the King's servants, after what has already passed, 
some further assurance upon this head, if the nature of things will 
in prudence admit of it ; and the more speedily, as he is assured 
that the fixing the confidence of the people on this point is the 
likeliest means of carrying into execution His Majesty's intentions 
repecting the augmentation. — Dublin Castle. Mai'hcd "Seci'et and 
confidential." 4 pp- 

625. The Same to the Same. 

Encloses the addresses of congi-atulation from the Houses of 
Lords and Commons in this kingdom to His Majesty, on the safe 
delivery of the Queen, and the birth of a Prince. 

The addresses. 



17 Nov. 

Ireland, 
. 431,Nu. 37. 



IS Nov. 

Ireland, 

,431, No. 32. 



626. The Same to the Same. 

Not being able to get any vessel to carry over the several 
despatches received herewith, has now an opportunity, by the 
return of the packet, to inform his Lordship that at the meeting 
which was held this Tuesday morning. Lord Shannon and Mr. 
Speaker stated that they Jiad been able to persuade their friends 
to lay aside the motion intended for a short Money Bill, as it 
might be liable to an inter jiretation of an indig-nity to the Crown. 
Had the pleasure to find that the whole meeting was unanimous 
that, this being the case, Mr. Long-field's motion would be very 
easily rejected. Is not without hopes that what they have said 
will be the case, — as he has just been informed by Lord Frederick, 
who is this instant returned from the House, that upon a motion 
made by Sir Lucius O'Brien to address His Majesty relative to the 
vacancy of the Seals, the same was, upon the previous question 
being put, passed in the negative, 78 to 32 ; and this great majority 
was chiefly owing to Lord Shannon and the Speaker's friends 
assisting the servants of the Crown, who, to do them the justice 
they deserve, did most of them speak, and all vote, against the 
motion for an address. — Dublin Castle. Marked " Secret and 
confidential.' 



z pp. 



627. 



Earl of Shelburne to the Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland. 
There have been two meetings of the King's servants to consider 
his letter of the .5th inst., in answer to the private letter of the 
29th Oct. Is first to acquaint him that the paper, of which his 
Excellency transmits a cojiy, as a minute given him by Mr. Con- 
way, could have been nothing more than his private notes, 
containing his particular sense at that time iqinn the subjects then 
under consideration, — not only as these sulijects did not fall within 



Mr. Conway's department, but as 



pap^ 



is not in the form of 



inute. Nor Avas it, according to the indispensable custom of 
those meetings, road over to the Lords present, to know whether 
it exjn-essed their sentiments as they wished them to be laid before 
His Majesty. There must have been a mistake in supposing it to 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 213 



17G7. 



have been " the universal sense of all His Majesty's servants," as 
some of the Lords present declare that they then expressed a 
contrary opinion. Mr. Conway, indeed, remembers that he had 
at one time that opinion, but that he afterwai'ds saw reason to 
concur with the rest of His Majesty's servants. The meeting on 
the next day of the Lords then left in town was to consider of the 
inconveniences (suggested over night, but not then discussed for 
want of time, and, having been the subject of general conversation 
between them at court, mentioned that morning to the King,) that 
might ai'ise from mentioning any of the proposed Bills in the 
speech, as having it in command from His Majesty to do so, on 
account of the constitution of Ireland, which lequires that the 
King shall act, in matters of legislation, with the advice of his two 
Councils. The constitution of Great Britain being different in 
that respect, the example of what was done here was thought no 
precedent for doing the like in Ireland. It was likewise foreseen 
that that method of recommendmg all or any of the measures 
under consideration might draw in question the nature of the 
comiexion between Great Britain and Ireland, which it has been 
always thought sound policy to avoid, and which, at this time, for 
various reasons, seems particularly desirable. Besides, every end 
was thought equally attainable in the manner proposed in the 
note of the 8th ; and, further, this note was only meant to assist 
his memory, and nothing more, he having received by word of 
mouth the fullest instructions, the whole being a fitter subject for 
confidential conversation than for a minute of a cabinet, as there 
would, at the least, be an impropriety in any Lord going further 
to His Majesty in matters of this nature than by suggesting what 
is likely to be his opinion when the subject comes to be properly 
considered in the Privy Council. But the note, however considered, 
shows upon the face of it that it must have expressly meant to 
denote a difierent mode of communication ; as, had it been intended 
that he should mention in his speech one of the Bills as by com- 
mand from the King, that Bill could not with any propriety be 
joined in the same words with that for limiting the duration of 
Parliaments, and approved of only equally with it, if found con- 
venient by the Lord Lieutenant. Besides, the words which follow, 
" that a language should be held by j'our Excellency to such as 
" you thought proper, of the favoiirabli' disjKJsition of the King's 
" sei-vants in regard to both till SI ■ I'.ills," \\oiil,l be sufticient to make 
the intention quite clear, as tlii_y wi.iuld luive been in the one case 
improper and even contradictory, but follow naturally from the 
considerations mentioned, and, had the opinion of the King's 
servants been different the night before, are sufticient to show an 
alteration of that opinion on reconsideration. These circumstances 
are so clear in the recollection of the other Lords of the Council, 
as well as in his own, that it is not possible to omit stating them. 
At the same time can assure his Excellency that there is not one 
who is not convinced of his good intentions through the whole, or 
who attributes the misapprehension to any other cause than the 
hurry and " variety of distress " which naturally agitated his mind 



214 CALENDAR OF 



at that period. His Majesty also is j^ersiiailed tliat it will not 
prevent or slacken the activity or zeal with which his Excellency 
is so properly animated in his service, and from which he promises 
himself as great an eifect as the situation of things will admit of 
It is supposed, however, that care will be taken in this Act to 
make it la^^^ul for His Majesty to remove any of the judges in 
Ireland upon the representation of the Privj^ Council and the two 
Houses of Parliament. A clause likewise must be inserted giving 
the same weight to the two Houses of Parliament in England. 

In regard to the BiU for limiting the duration of Parliaments, 
the same reasoning applies to it as to the other. It is impossible 
to send any resolution of the King's sei-^'ants more decided than 
that carried over by his Excellencj^ and more than once repeated 
in his. Lord Shelburne's, letters, that it is their " determination to 
" support it by theii- opinions in Council." 

In regard to an augmentation of the army, His Majesty cannot 
hear without both wonder and concern that there should be any 
difficulties made among the principal persons consulted, of coming 
up to the extent of his wishes, which does not go much above 
3,000. At the same time that it appears by the accounts sent 
that the whole amount raised on the subject in Ireland is not 
more than 1,505,761?. for two years, a sum far from heavy com- 
pai'ed with what this country bears, — and that a far larger share 
of the revenue than the King now desii-es apjDcars to be destined 
to purposes not particularly recommended by His Majesty, the 
misapplication of which has been so generally understood, that it 
has been the object, not only of former Lord Lieutenants, but also 
of some of the most respectalale persons there, to reduce that branch 
of public expense by resolutions not to grant any more money for 
carrying on old or new work.s, unless under the most particular 
circumstances, — it is hoped the endeavours of his Excellency will 
still awaken in the principal persons in Ireland a sense of what is 
necessary for their own securit}', and will prevail uijon them for 
this end to " exert " a part of the resources of that kingdom. 
Upon the whole his Excellency's answer to the last letter on the 
subject is expected, in which His Majesty directs him to mention 
the particular persons from whom assurances shall be received in 
regard to it, as well as those who object to it, and their reasons for 
such objection. 

As to the point of the security desired, if the Irish people have 
any doubt about it, after all the assurances given, it is always to 
be remembered that the Commons of Ireland retain the true 
constitutional security m theii- own hands, by having it in their 
power to refuse the continuance of such additional duties as shall 
be granted for this pur^jose. However, on the fullest considera- 
tion, and on examining a variety of modes, there does not seem 
the least possibility of giving any further satisfaction in that 
respect, except by using general words setting forth the intention 
of Government that 12,000 men shall constantly remain in Ireland, 
as far as is consistent vAth such a defence as the safety of both 
kingdoms in the case of any sudden or extrcwrdinary emergency 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 215 



1767. 

may require, in the preamble of the Act which shall be passed 
here to take off the restriction laid on His Majesty by the 10th 
of King WiUiam. Or, if the address fi-om the House of Commons, 
mentioned by his Excellency, is intended to set forth the exposed 
situation of the kingxlom and the necessity of such an augmenta- 
tion, adding their wish that 12,000 men should be constantly 
stationed in Ireland, His Majesty's answer may be so cbawn as 
to contain the same assurances, either in those ivords, or words 
to the same effect, provided the address be hj^t within the plan 
mentioned. 

Is not yet able to answer him in regard to the Chancellor, no 
person having been yet decided upon ; nor is it to be presumed 
that so small a delay as has been in the appointment of a fit 
person can have any other effect in Ireland than a sense of His 
Majesty's paternal care and caution not to ajipoint an improper 
one. 

In respect to the order relative to pensions and places (the only 
point where his. Lord Shelburne's, pimctuality can be called in 
question), it was sent in his despatch of the 5th inst. "Was rather 
induced to defer it, as his Excellency at the Lord President's had 
expressed a wish not to receive it immediately. Is persuaded 
that he is too intent upon supporting the dignity of the King and 
his Government, not to take proper care to prevent any address 
of Parliament being grounded on it, as no satisfactory answer can 
be given to it. 

A draft, marked " Secret and confidential." 16 j)}). 

19 Nov. 628. L. Macleane to John Pownall, Esq. 

"T's^p^ia™'' Sending, for the information of the Lords of Trade, (1) an ex- 

■ ' ' ■ tract from a letter fi-om Major-Genl. Gage, of 10 Oct. 1767, and 

(2) a copy of one from Mr. Stuart, Superintendent of Indian Affairs 

for the Southern District of North America, dated South Carolina, 

3 Oct. 1767. Two letters. 

19 Nov. 629. The Same to Thos. Beadshaw, Esq. 
Mch^a'p'si'' Sends, for the information of the Lords of the Treasury, copy 
• ' • • of a letter from Lord Chas. Greville Montagu, dated South Caro- 
lina, .5 October 1767. 

19 Nov. 630. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the 
^'"■''""' Eakl of Shelbuene. 

Acknowledges receipt of letters of 12th and 14th inst. This 
day the same question was moved in the House of Lords relative 
to the Seals as was in the House of Commons on Tuesday. Lord 
Annaly put the previous question, which was carried against a 
minority of two. There is a circumstance in the last^returns, 
which he desires may be laid before His Majesty,— that is. General 
Carpenter's regiment having no field officer with it. When Lieut.- 
Col. Burton came to attend Parliament, the Major, who should 
have joined, was here with his wife, who was sick and near lying- 
in. He had leave on that account to stay a little while. 



Ireland. 



No. 4-2 a 



216 CALENDAR OF 

17G7. 

WouW not have been so lono- in reporting the state of the 
garrison and troops here, but that his whole time and utmost 
api>lication have been directed to other affairs. Can, notwitli- 
standing, assure His Majesty that the pai-ade is one of the finest 
he ever saw, and the troops in the highest order and discipline. — 
Dublin Castle. 2 j)p. 

19 Nov. 631. The Same to the S.\jie. 
Ireland, Encloses a resolution of the House of Peers of this kingdom, 

upon the petition of the Right Hon. Catherine Countess Dowager 
of Tyrone, and other papers connected therewitli, submitted to 
them by command of His Majesty, aftii-ming that she hath fully 
proved her claim to the barony of Le Poer in fee, and hath a right 
to the said barony in fee. 
The resolution. 3 pj?. 

20 Nov. 632. Eahl of Shelburxe to Dr. Morton. 

Dnir. Entry Bk., After a diligent search in the offices, no precedent can be found 
V. -24, p. i.^g. p^ a sign manual in the case of Dr. Hunt, or any other of the 
same kind. Has directed Mr. Sutton to write to Mr. Morley for 
Dr. Morton to liave free access at all times to Domesday Book. 

The letter to Mr. Morle/ referred to. Dr. Morton designed its 
publication. 

20 Nov. 633. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to Mr. [? Se- 

J>V- of Man, CRETARY CoNWAY]. 

V. i,Xo. 50. With his congratulations upon tlie occasion of the Queen's 

happy delivery of a Prince. — Castletown. 1 j). 

21 Nov. 634. Earl of Shelburne to the Lord Lieutenant of 

Ireland, IRELAND. 

V. 4:51, No. 23. u^^ Majesty has appointed James Hewitt, Esq., one of the 

Justices of the Court of King's Bench in England, to be Lord 
High Chancellor of Ireland, and has at the same time ordered 
a Avarrant to be prepared for creating him a Baron of that 
kingdom. 

21 Nov. 635. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the 

Ireland, EaRL OF ShELBURNE. 

V. 431, No. 43. Desuing him to lay before His Majesty the application of the 

Commissioners and Overseers of the Barracks for authority to jndl 
down an old bastion adjoining the north gate of Galway, for 
reasons which are fully set forth in this letter. — Dublin Castle. 
2 pp. 

23 Nov. 636. Petition of Anna Barnard, of Kingston-upon-Thames, in 
Dom. Gco.in., the county of Surre3% widow, for a hcence to enclose a footway in 
v^ G, No. 43. the parisli of Kingston-upon-Thames. 
Referred as usual, 23 Nov. 1707. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 217 



1767. 
24. Nov. 637. Earl of SHELBrR^•E to the Lukd Lieutexaxt of 

Ireland, IRELAND. 

.43i,No..38. Acknowledges his Excellency's despatches of the IStli, 15th, 

IGth, and 17th, received yesterday morning. 

As to the motion made in the Honse relative to the vacancy of 
the Seals, he acquainted him by the last post of the appointment 
of Mr. Justice Hewitt to the ottice of Chancellor of Ireland, who.se 
known attachment to Revolution principles, great knowledge, and 
unspotted integrity, will, it is hoped, give satisfaction. Cannot 
conceal His Majesty's extreme surprise, not only at such a motion 
being made and supported at the very moment when his care and 
attention to his people has been shown in the strongest manner, 
but at the gi-eat unreasonableness of such a clamour, when it is a 
fact of public notoriety that in this kingdom, where the business 
is not less important nor the causes less numerous, the seals have 
at times been kept open many months longer. 

As to the design of a short Money Bill, it is impossible to express 
the astonishment with which the account of such a measure was 
received by everybody here ; a measure which strikes not only at 
the dignity of the King, but at the very being of Government. 
Could it be possible to suppose for a moment that it was to meet 
with success, great coafusion in Ireland would not only be the 
inevitable conse(|uence, but it would be the just occasion of 
rejecting the very Bills that were the pretended object of such 
unprecedented conduct, in which case the contrivers of such a 
measure must have stood condemned both in the sight of God and 
man, and experienced the certain indignation of the public, who 
must soon see tlu-ough the flimsy pretext of founding their un- 
justifiable jealousy upon a comparison of what happened in the 
administration of the late Lord Lieutenant with the commrmication 
now made by his Excellency ; the one being only the Lord Lieu- 
tenant's personal approbation of a Bill, whereas his Excellency 
went out apprized of the unanimous determination of the King's 
servants to support two of the Bills in Council, and of their 
favourable disposition to hear whatever should be offered in regard 
to the two others. Nor is it to be supposed that the guarded 
manner of making this communication recommended would have 
produced any other effect than that of increasing the confidence 
of every intelligent person, by showing with what deliberation 
this measure had been adopted, as far as the King'.s servants could 
with safety or propriety go. Could it be meant as an alarm only, 
it cannot be looked upon in any other light than as one of the 
meanest stratagems which low cunning, narrow parts, and interested 
motives could suggest to any set of men in public affairs. The 
King's servants persevere, notwithstanding, in the same resolution 
as to the several Bills when they shall come over. Mr. Malone's 
behaviour at the meeting convened on this occasion has confirmed 
the King's servants in the very high opinion they expressed, before 
his Excellency's departure, of that gentleman's wisdom as well as 
great abilit}'. Has the satisfaction to sta,te that the Kinr' took 
particular notice of his conduct. His Excellency will therefore 



218 CALENDAR OF 



acquaint him of the King's approbation, as well as the Lord Annaly, 
whose moderation does him great honour, and Mr. Prime Serjeant, 
with the other lords and gentlemen, according to the several degrees 
of zeal towards His Majesty and true regard to their country with 
which they have acted. And though His Majesty does not think 
proper to recede from his resolution with regard to places and 
pensions, and His Majesty's servants stand precluded from men- 
tioning any such to him by the terms of the despatch of the -5th 
inst., yet the King wUl take into consideration such other just 
marks of his countenance and protection as his Excellency shall 
at the end of the session, or at his return into the Royal presence, 
submit to him as proper to be shown to those who have con- 
tributed strength and facility to his affairs. 

As to the augmentation of the army, has already written so fully 
on the subject that there is nothing to add. It will remain to be 
seen whether, after so many instances of His Majesty's inclination 
to gratify the wishes of his people, the principal persons in Ireland, 
in their conduct upon that head, as well as in the manner of 
carrying through the whole sessions, have had the public interest 
in view, or have been actuated by motives of a less honourable 
and disinterested nature. In regard to a militia, could a well- 
digested and safe plan be offered, it must meet with the approbation 
of His Majesty's servants, who are too intent on the security of 
Ireland not to see with particular satisfaction every addition which 
can be made to it. But this, so far from rendering an augmenta- 
tion unnecessary, makes it a measure of essential utility to the 
safety of that kingdom, till such a scheme can be brought to 
perfection, which must be a work of some time ; and even then the 
number of regular forces will in time of danger not be found too 
great, when they may be wanted to relieve the militia fi'om too 
continued fatigue. It appears by the paper marked B, sent over 
in his Excellency's despatch of the 5th inst., that it was proposed 
to jirovide for this augmentation by a vote of credit, in which case 
there wiU be no hazard in letting the Money Bill pass, and the 
Committee of Supply be closed. If the Money Bill, however, should 
come over loaded with a number of private grants, his Excellency 
must be sensible with what an ill appearance it can afterwards be 
urged that " the state of the revenue of Ireland eamiot bear " what 
is absolutely necessary for the public security. 

Has the pleasiu-e of acquainting his Excellency of the King's 
approbation of his spirit and activity, and that His Majesty is 
persuaded that by making the public the great object of his (the 
Lord Lieutenant's) administration, "enabled" as he is on the 
several points which the people of Ireland have at heart, (not to 
mention the single point desired by His Majesty, which can be 
suggested to him only by his concern for the good of his kingdom,) 
he (the Lord Lieutenant) will be able to defeat any attempts which 
shall be made to sow mistrust between His Majesty and his people, 
with a view to satisfy private ambition, and to cany on his 
administration with satisfaction to the King and honour to himself. 
A draft, marked "Secret." 15 jj^j. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



219 



17G7. 
24 Nov. 

cl. Entry Bk., 
701-70,11.99. 



26 Nov. 

Ireland, 

V. 431, 

No. 40 a, b, c. 

The letter 

entered in 

Irel. Entry Bk., 

1761-70, p. 97; 

and 

the answers in 

King's Lett.Bk., 

V. 12,p. 146. 

28 Nov. 

Ireland, 

V. 431, 

No. 44 a,b, c. 



28 Nov. 

Ireland, 
V. 431, No. 41. 

Entered in 
Irel. Entry Bk., 
1761-70, p.99. 

29 Nov. 



638. The Same to the Same. 

Encloses His Majesty's speech on the openmg of Parliament 
this day. Has given orders for the addresses of both Houses to 
he sent on Saturday next, as it will he impossible to get them in 
time for this post. — \^T2itehall. 

639. [The S.ame] to the Same. 

Transmits the King's answers to the addresses of the two Houses 
of Parliament on the Queen's delivery and birth of a Prince, which 
His Majesty received in the most gracious manner. — Whitehall. 

The answers. Dmfts. 3 2'>p- 



640. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to the Earl of Shel- 

BURNE. 

Transmits, in order to be submitted to His Majesty, a memo- 
rial from Lieut.-Col. William Burton, of the 12th Regiment of 
Diagoons in this kingdom, with a scheme annexed thereto ; which 
has received the approbation of his colonel, General Carpenter, for 
converting that regiment into a regiment of light cavalry, without 
any additional expense to the public. — Dublin Castle. 

The enclosures, containing reasons for the change, Szc. 8| j)^'. 

641. Lord Shelburne to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
His Majesty has consented to the grant of a further leave of 

absence to Cornet Oliver de Lancey, and approves of his Excel- 
lency's several recommendations. A draff. 1 p. 

642. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to the Earl of Shel- 

burne. 
Has to open a little further the result of his mind relative to his 
own situation. Would wish to avoid all altercation with the King's 
servants — hates it at all times with others ; wishes them veiy 
well ; and there is scarce anything he would not endm-e rather 
than distress His Majesty's Government. But they will pardon 
him if he says that upon the most thorough recollection he cannot 
charge his memory with any positive instruction to alter the 
determination of mentioning the Judges in the speech. The idea 
still remains strong with him that some one at least of the popular 
points was intended to be recommended therein, nor does he 
remember that at any meeting that of mentioning the Judges to 
hold their offices during good behaviour was ever objected to. As 
to his attending the King's servants at the Lord President's on 
Thursday evening, October 8th, he considered it as merely casual 
by his having staid in to^\Ti to pay his duty to the Queen ; nor 
has he the least recollection that his attendance there was to 



220 CALENDAR OF 

17G7. 

consider that or any other of the great points ; but, hearing at 
court from Mr. Con-\\ay that the Duke of Grafton -was to be at the 
Lord President's tliat night, he gave up his design of leaving 
London in the evening from the hopes of hearing liis Grace's final 
opinion relative to the Chancellor and the Septennial Bill ; which 
latter was thought a requisite to his instructions, that he might 
speak with the greater confidence to the King's servants and 
l)rincipal j^ersons here. So that, had he set out as proposed, he 
could only ha^•e had the notes of Mr. Conway, and not his, Lord 
Shelburne's, memorandum (which, singly taken, he confesses is not 
verj' explicit), to direct him what plan to adhere to on his arrival 
in Ireland. Mr. Conway's notes are very positive and clear ; the 
meeting, when they were taken, was very full. The Chancellor, in 
jiavticular, was present; and Mr. Conway, though it might not be 
in his department, was the jierson who had writ both to the 
Chancellor and to the Lord President, if possible to attend, and 
tinally to determine what was to be the rule of his, the Lord 
Lieutenant's, conduct in this kingdom. He thought, and still 
thinks, both from Mr. Conway's note and his o-^-n recollection, 
that he had exacth- followed what was then absolutely fixed, and 
what at former meetings had been universally agi'eed to, not with- 
out the participation of the King himself, to whom he communi- 
cated what had been proposed relative to the Judges, to which His 
Majesty was graciously pleased to give his thorough approbation. 
His Excellency could have no temptation to deviate from what 
he understood to be the sense of the King's Government. He 
could not l)e supposed to seek pojiularity at the hazard of endan- 
geriuu the eraistitntinn nf L-claud, nor to have any view in 
euil>aria--iii;^ Hi- Maj'-ty's a^hiiiiiistration. The expressions in 
his L<ir<lslii|i's last ile-pateli ae(|uit him amply, in the opinion of 
the King's servants, of all the folly and guilt of such an intention ; 
but at the same time they leave him loaded with the anxiety of 
the prospect of the transaction being attended hereafter with very 
serious circumstances, when the alterations which are jiroposed 
shall bring the subject rmder consideration, and may, perha]>s, 
occasion this Bill relating to the Judges being lost. And therefore 
he would, with the greatest humility, and from no other motive 
but the truest attachment to a kind master and the prosperity of 
his service, suggest whether, in the present situation, considering 
the sentiments of his other servants, and how far it may appear 
to the King to aftect the stability of his Government, it may not 
be more advisable for his Excellency not to continue here. Has 
ever held it a maxim, that whoever wished to be honoured with 
the King's commands should consider his service in the first 
instance. And God forbid that at the hour he is disting-uished by 
His Majesty's favour and patronage, any poor consideration to his 
own personal interest should contribute to diminish the dignity 
and lustre of his Sovereign's reign. Let his Lordship think of this, 
and consider well the situation of this Bill, and the King's service, 
and view his Excellency in the light of a willing sufierer and an 
honourable subject. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 221 



Is sony to state that he has been as unsuccessful as his pre- 
decessors iu endeavouring to lower the Parliamentary grants, for 
the sum granted amounts to 118,000/. Is not certain whether 
tliis has arisen from the want of inclination or of power to check 
this "shamefaced" abuse. Has not, indeed, for sometime expected 
any great saving on this head unless something could have been 
previously substituted in place of them ; nevertheless, from the 
repeated communication with the Speaker and Lord Shannon and 
their friends, he did flatter himself but in vain, that the King's 
servants by their assistance would have succeeded in obtaini'no- 
some reduction on this head. The tax of 4s. in the pound on all 
salaries and profits of employments payable to persons who shall 
not reside six calendar months in. each year in this kingdom, was 
moved by Mr. Longfield yesterday in the Committee of Ways and 
Means, and was considered by the servants of the Crown, from the 
circumstances of the time, irresistible ; the more so as it was most 
probably known that this tax, together with the lowerino- of the 
duties upon teas and the reduction of Parliamentary gi-ants, were 
the means suggested at the several meetings to defray the expense 
of the augmentation, upon which tax his Lordship's despatches 
gave no directions. The King's servants did very properly propose 
excepting such pensions as are payable to any of the descendants 
of the late King, which was immediately agreed to. The other 
exceptions were proposed by Mr. Longfield, and are agi'eeable to 
a former Act of this sort, now repealed. His Excellency knew 
nothing of this tax before a resolution was taken upon it in the 
House. The duties upon tea were in the same Committee lowered 
with a view to increase the revenue, and will be made a part of 
the Money Bill, in exact conformity to the plan sent over to the 
Duke of Grafton, and unanimously approved of by the Kmo-'s 
servants. Tliis plan A\-ill l>c of great use to the fair trader, increase 
the revenue, and be of infinite advantage to tlie East India 
Company. 

The heads of a Bill for limiting the duration of Parliaments, 
after having met Avith some small but ineffectual opposition, were 
lirought up on Wednesday last by the Speaker, attended by the 
House, desiring that they might be transmitted as the general 
sense of the Commons of Ireland. This sort of address, though 
not usual, is not without precedent. It will be seen from the 
printed votes of the 27th, that his Excellency has been very 
guarded in his answer, not engagmg for more than to transmit 
them with the utmost expedition, and to represent them as the 
general sense of the Commons of Ireland, as soon as it was in his 
power,— meaning thereby when they should be constitutionally 
approved of by the Council here. The Committee would by no 
nieans come into the suggestion to fill up the blank with the word 
i-hlht, though he believes many mem):)ers do in truth wish for even 
a longer term. It was proposed to enlarge it to icn, but that met 
with a negative. At the same time, he has gi'eat reason to believe, 
that, should the Privy Council in England make tlie Bill octennial,' 
though it would in some degree take away from the pojnilai-itv 



222 CALENDAR OF 

1707. 

of the measure, it woxild liy no means endanger its being rejected 
here. 

The Bill concerning the Judges is committed for Friday next, 
when his Lordship's suggestion relative to the Privj' Council here 
and the two Houses of Pai-liament in England must, if possible, 
be inserted. Upon both these points has very gi-eat doubts of 
success, nor does he think, with such alterations in Great Britain, 
the Bill upon its return ^\^ll be received. But his doubts arise 
merely from the temper of the times. 

A clause of credit is given for raising the sum of 100,000?. for 
supplying the deficiencies of the aids granted, and carrying on 
public works. But his Lordship must not imagine this is meant 
as a provision for the augmentation of the army ; for there will 
be a deficiency to near this amount in the next two years, between 
the ordinary exig-encies of Government and the produce of the 
hereditary reveniie and additional duties. Will not trouble his 
Lordship at present with anything upon the head of the augmen- 
tation of the army, because he is convinced that in three or four 
days' time he will have completed a negotiation which is now on 
foot, and from which he will be enabled precisely to state upon 
what terms this measure may be eflectually carried into execution. 

PS — A. motion for a short Money Bill was made very earl}' in 
the last week by Mr. Longfield, but, not being supported by one 
member of the Committee, was given up. — Dublin Castle. Marked 
" Secret." 1 2 pp. 

1 Dec. 643. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, Acknowledging the receipt of letters, — one being of the appoint- 

„ '^' ■*?'' ment of the Cbancellor (Hewitt), and his creation as Baron Lifford, 

r»os. 47, 48, , , 

and 49. — ^-nd enclosures. 

Three letters, all dated from Dublin Castle. 3 pp. 

2 Dec. 644. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, The Attorney General having reported that, in his opinion. His 

V. 431, Ko. 50. Majesty's letter is not ueces.sary for granting a pardon to John 
Theobald Dillon, Esq., but that the same may be passed under the 
Great Seal of this kingdom, in piu-suance of his (the Lord Lieu- 
tenant's) own warrant, his Excellency has this day signed the proper 
order for that purpose. But as it will be seen from the enclosed re- 
port that Mr. Attorney is apprehensive that the granting this pardon 
may be an " open " to many applications and much importunity for 
like pardons, and as the Government here have always held this 
ofience in a light of the most dangerous tendency, and against 
which the laws of Ireland are pointed with peculiar severity, must 
request His Majesty's Ministers to throw all the difficulties they can 
upon petitions of this nature for the future. — Dubliu Castle. 
The report is not now annexed. 2 pp. 

3 Dec. 645. The Same to the Sajie. 

Ireland, Transmits, by a messenger, a Bill sealed this night in Council, 

V. 431, No. b\. intituled " An Act for limiting the duration of Parliaments," as the 
general sense of the Commons of Ireland. — Dublin Castle. 1 p. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



223 



1767. 
3 Dec. 



Ireland, 
V. 431,No. ,: 



3 Dec. 



V. 431, No. 53. 



646. The Same to the Same. 
The messenger carrying this letter will also deliver the two 

Money Bills sealed this night in Council. Indicates what altera- 
tions have been made in them as compared with those of the 
previous session, and how the increased i-evenue expected is to he 
appropriated. The tax of four shillings in the pound on places 
and pensions is an old tax revived. It was first imposed in the 
reign of King George I., and was continued until the session of 
17-53. It is calculated to produce a revenue of 20,000^. per 
annum at least. 4 pp. 

647. The Same to the Same. 
The hurry of business which there has been in Parliament and 

Coimcil till this very instant, in order to get transmitted the Bills 
now sent by the messenger, has prevented him from obtaining a 
final answer from the principal persons of this country, who have 
desired time to consult their friends relative to the carrying into 
execution His Majesty's wishes for an augmentation in the army. 
His Lordship may depend upon hearing from him on Saturday 
next in the common course of the post. A delay in the Bill for 
limiting the duration of Parliaments would, at all events, from 
what he can collect at present, defeat the measure so strongly 
recommended by His Majesty. — Dublin Castle, " 12 o'clock at 
night." 2 2>1)- 
4 Dec. 648. The Same to the Same. 

Transmitting the address of congratulation to the King of the 
Lord Mayor, Sherifi's, Commons, and Citizens of the city of Dublin, 
on the bii-th of a Prince and the recovery of the Queen. ^Dublin 
Castle. 1 p. 

649. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to Mr. [Secre- 
tary Conway]. 

Has received his letter of the 14th ult., enclosing His Majesty's 
speech to Parliament, &e. StiU solicits Mi\ Conway's good offices 
to get his appointments fixed. It is unnecessary to repeat the several 
circumstances. Refers him to other lettei-s on the same subject. — ■ 
Castletown. 1| ^jp. 

650. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Acknowledging letters received. 1 /). 



Ireland, 
V. 431, No. 56. 



4 Dec. 

Isle of Man, 
V. l,No. 57. 



5 Dec. 



.5 Dee. 

War Office, 

pel. 24, No. 6. 



651. Lieut.-Col. Ae. Graham to [George] Brown, Esq., at the 
Earl of Shelburne's Office. 
Lord Ligonier has no objection to continue the prisoner, George 
Eades, in his regiment, nor has he, Col. Graham, any to receive 
him into his company, as they are both convinced that this was 
his first fault, and that he was in a measure led into it. He, the 
Colonel, told Mr. Recorder, as much in his fii-st application in the 
man's favour, by desire of Lord Ligonier, but supposes it may have 
been forgotten. — Cobham. 1 p. 



224 

17G7. 

7 Dec. 

Dora. Geo. 1 

V. 5, r- 4-i 



CALENDAR OF 



652. E.vp.L OF Shelburne to the Lords of Trade. 

Ciovcrnor Bernard having represented in several of Ills Icttor.-i 
(extracts from two herewith enclosed) that the House of Repre- 
sentatives of Massachusetts Bay have repeatedly endeavoured to 
make innovations in the manner of appointing an agent for that 
province, by choosing a partial agent for their House, without the 
concurrence of the Governor and Council, and to the exclusion 
of a regular provincial agent who ought to be jointly chosen by 
the Governor, Council, and House of Representatives ; — desiring 
their opinion whether the said House have a right to choose an 
agent for themselves ; whether such an agent should be received in 
a public capacity or not, and what the usual practice of Government 
has been in similar cases. 



8 Dec. 

A draft In 

Ireland, 

V. 431, No. 54. 

Entered in 
Irel. Entry l!!; . 
1761-70,11.101 



8 Dec. 

Ireland, 
. 431,Ko. 5 



653. The Same to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

His Majesty highly appi'oves of Lieut.-Col. Burton's proposal 
to convert the 12th Regiment of Dragoons in Ireland into a 
rc^nmcnt of light cavalry. His Excellency is therefore to give 
the necessary orders for carrying it into execution. It is the 
Kinri-'s intention to permit the said regiment to be called hence- 
forward the 12th or Prince of Wales's Regiment of Ligiit Horse. 
2 pp. 

654. The Same to the Same. 
Acknowledging letters received. A draft. 1 'p- 



8 Dec. 

Ireland, 



8 Dec. 

Ireland, 

V.431, 

No. 63 a, b. 



655. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the Earl 

OF Shelburne. 

Encloses a printed copy of a proclamation issued in Council here 
on the 21st past, ofiering a reward for ajjprehending and securing 
Lieut. Alexander Gordon and Surgeon John Meade Traverse, of the 
4f)th- Reo-iment, and Clotworthy Thompson, Ensign in the 69th 
Regiment; both which regiments are at present cpiartered at 
Cork. It appeared that upon the 8th past, about five o'clock in 
the morning, these tliivc rintdusly entered the house of Peter 
Ashenhurst, of the said rity of ( 'm-k, publican, with swords drawn, 
and murdered one Patrick CoiuK.ir. Desires his Lordship to move 
His Majesty to supersede them, and to lay commissions before him 
for their successors. — Dublin Castle. 

The proclamation. 2 urittcn and 2 printed JT- 

656. The Same to the Same. 

Encloses a proclamation issued on the 2Cth past, for prohibiting 
the exportation of corn from this kingdom. This proclamation 
beino- grounded upon an Act of Parliament passed last session in 
Great Britain, and extending to Ireland, exception was taken in 
the House of Commons that it should be published here a,t a time 
when the Irish Parliament was sitting, and had it in their power 
t(j make a provision of the sort themselves ; and yesterday a 
motion was made in the House to address his Excellency to know 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 225 



17G7. 

wlio advised him to issue it. But the Opposition finding that 
ground not tenable, an amendment was moved to the question, 
That an address should be presented to his Excellency to give 
orders to the printer of the Dublin Gazette to discontinue the 
printing thereof in that paper. The debate lasted several hours, 
and late in the evening was ended by the question of adjournment, 
which was carried in the aifirmative, — Ayes 111, Noes 35. 

Desires that Ireland may not be included in the Act which 
Mr. Cooper, of the Treasury, brought in in the British House of 
Commons, for amending and continuing the Act mentioned in the 
proclamation. Leave has been given for bringing in heads of a Bill 
in this House of Commons for preventing the exportation of corn 
from this kingdom, which _ will be made very efi'cctual for tlie 
purpose, and it will be invidious to pass a law for them in that 
particular during the sitting of their own Parliament. 
The enclosure. 2 icritten and 2 imntecl pp. 

8 Dec. 657. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, Transmits two memorials to be laid before His Majesty. As the 

^05 1' tod ^^^^ gentlemen think that their families have each a better right 
"■ ^ " " ■ than the other to claim this favour from His Majesty, he judged it 
would not be proper for him to give any hopes of his recom- 
mendation in favour of either, as it would, of course, disgust and 
disappoint the other. At the same time, as they are each so 
convinced of the merits of their case, and pressed so earnestly to 
have it laid before the King, the apprehension of disobliging them 
both, at a time when every aid is so necessary for the King's 
service, has induced him now to prefer them. — Dublin Castle. 

Mem. — Mr. Sentleger is now in London, probably to solicit this. 
He is himself in Parliament; and if he should wait upon him, 
Lord Shelburne, it would not be amiss to let him know how glad 
the Lord Lieutenant would be to see him here to support the 
measure likely to be proposed for the security of Ireland. 

The memorials ; being from John St. Leger, of Grange Mellon, in 
the county of Kildare, Esquire, eldest son and heir of Sir John 
St. Leger, Knight, deceased, and from Sentleger Sentleger, of 
Doneraile, in the kingdom of Ireland, Esquire, both praying for 
the grant of the title of Viscount Doneraile and Baron Kilmaiden, 
which became extinct this year ; and setting forth their respective 
claims to the same. 7 pp. or parts of pp. 

8 Dec. 658. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, Sends copies of two letters to be laid before His Majesty ; the 

j^^^Pg^^'^ c °^® ^^'°™ General Greeme, in justification of himself,.upon the state 
^' '*^' of his regiment (upon which subject his Excellency wrote him 
before leaving England by His Majesty's particular direction) ; the 
other from Col. Pc]iper, of that regiment, upon the return to him of 
his memorial to sell out. His Excellency had told that Colonel that 
he had uo objection to forwarding his memorial to His Majesty, as 



226 CALENDAR OF 

17(37. 

well as that of the eldest captain, who is an officer of long service, 
and has met with great disappointments ; but that he could not 
consistently now recommend Major Calder to purchase, he being a 
Major of not twelve months standing, while his coming in over the 
heads of such a vast number of old and meritorious officers would 
occasion a great deal of noise ; but he had no other objection 
to recommending him, having heard of him as an alert young 



The enclosures. General Greeme answers the seven articles 
against the regiment in detail. The seventh accusation is that 
the regiment was unfit for service. He admits the charge in it, 
and says that when he had an opportunity to mention on former 
occasions to His Majesty the state of the regiment, he ever repre- 
sented it as by far the worst in the service. He should not be 
made accountable for what he can neither prevent nor remedy ; 
but if rules of service, regulations of His Majesty, or the standing 
orders in Ireland can leave him at liberty to act to his own liking, 
he will most readily become responsible for everything [that] may 
be formd amiss. 

Col. Pepper says that he had no thought of selling out till Major 
Calder made him an offer of 4,000 guineas for his commission, 
which he accepted, upon being assured by Major Calder that he had 
sufficient mterest to have it carried into execution. The latter gave 
two conditional notes, the one to the Colonel for 3,5001. English, 
the other to Mrs. Pepper for 700?. English, the value of her pension 
in case she outlived her husband. These were the inducements 
to sell, and he coidd not agree to it on other terms, well knowing 
that less would not be a sufficient provision for himself, his wife, a 
daughter, and five grandchildren. 7 pp. 

8 Dec. 659. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, Recommending Mr. Richard Steel, a memlier of the House of 

^f-^^'d 68 Commons here, and Col. Graham, son-in-law to Lord Ligonier, for 
baronetcies ; also Lord Howth, the only one in the Commission of 
the Seals who has not been made a Privy Councillor, for that 
honour. It will not only oblige that nobleman, but also be 
extremely agreeable to Lord Tyrone's party, of whom his Excellency 
expects to be able to send good accounts to-morrow or the next 
day. This immediate mark of favour to this nobleman wiU not, 
on the other hand, necessitate the laying before His Majesty the 
almost innumerable solicitations of this nature from many other 
persons of considerable weight here. 
Two separate letters. 2 jjjj. 

8 Dec. 660. Earl of Shelburne to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Irei. Entry Bk., Acknowledging the receipt of his letters of 3rd inst., accompany- 
1761-70, p. 100. jj^g ^YiQ heads of bills which were transmitted without loss of time 
to His Majesty's Privy Council. 

P,S. — Also the receipt of other letters. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



227 



1767. 
12 Dec. 

Ireland, 

V. 431, 

Nos. 58, S9, 

and 6U. 

Entered in 

Irel. Entry Bk., 

1761-70, 

pp. 102-4. 



661. The Sajie to bhe Same. 

Signifying His Majesty's directions with respect to the rehef of 
regiments abroad at the beginning of the next year; also his 
consent to the removal of the old bastion in Gal way ; and returning 
the two Money Bills, 1 .earing the approval of the King in Council, 
with two small aiiicndiiK^nt^ to one of them. — ^^^litehall. Three 
separate draffs. -5 pj'. vi' jmrls of pp. 



12 Dec. 

Ireland, 

v. 431, 

Nos. 69,, 70 a, ( 



12 Dec. 662. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, Has received his secret letter of the 29th past, and waits with 

'^°' ^' impatience the letter promised, containing the issue of the negotia- 
tion with regard to the desired augmentation of the army. A 

draft, oiucrked " Secret." 

663. LOED LlEUTEXAXT OF IRELAND (ToWNSHEXD) tO the EARL 

OF Shelburxe. 

Desires to lay before His Majesty the application that Joseph 
Sirr, Esq., Town Major of Dublin, (who has served as a commissioned 
officer upwards of twenty years, and has always been a diligent and 
good officer, and who gave up a company for the said employment,) 
may exchange it with Thomas Sankey, Esq., one of the pratique 
masters in this port, who hath also served as a commissioned 
officer nine years, and during the late war at Belleisle, Martinico, 
and the Havannah. 

.Another letter as to certain army appointments. His Excellency 
will not, upon this occasion, recommend his first aide-de-camp. Major 
Eraser, who is an old officer, and has served with great reputation 
under different generals, to succeed to Lieut.-Col. Williamson, of the 
39th Regiment ; because at this time, when His Majesty has the 
important point in view of the Augmentation to carry, the disposal of 
such a commission to an officer who has very strong connexions 
here may be of great service. Will, therefore, only request His 
Majesty's permission at a more proper time to lay an application in 
favoiu' of Major Eraser at his feet. Lord Belvedere earnestly wishes 
for this succession for his son. Major Rd. Rochford Mervj'n. His 
Lordship has sevei-al members attached to him in the House of 
Commons, and will support the augmentation zealously. Lieut.-Col. 
Sandford has memorialised for the same, but now asks for the 
governorship of Galway, vacant yesterday by the death of Capt. 
Ayre. He has strong connexions in Parliament, and has taken 
great pains about the augmentation. Recommends Captain Willm. 
Fleming, of the 50th, for the majority which Major Rochford Jltivyn 
may vacate, and Captain Thomas Pringle, of the 20th, to succeed 
Captain Fleming. Lieut.-Col. Beck with is too old an officer for 
his Excellency to hesitate to lay his memorial before His Majesty, 
but he cannot on his part, at this junctiu-e, recommend it to His 
Majesty. — Dublin. 

A memorandum as to certain exchanges (.sec No. 73), and 
Lieut.-Col. John Beckwith's memorial, giving an account of his 

P 2 



CALENDAR OF 



17G7. 

services, ^-c, and praying for the succession to the vacancy in the 
39th Regiment, occasioned by the death of Lieut.-Col. Williamson. 

12 Dec. 664. The Same to the Same. 

iruiand, _ After the distrust and want of cordiality which followed between 

' * ' ' ■ him and the principal persons here, after that violent measiu-e of a 
short Money Bill, it will occasion no surprise that he has been 
hitherto prevented from sending, with any degree of precision, any 
opinion with regard to the success of the augmentation. As soon as 
this motion had been universally rejected, he took up the business of 
the augmentation with Lord Shannon and Mr. Speaker in the same 
manner as he had formerly done, knowing from the present 
situation of things by far the greater support in point of numbers 
was to be expected from them. JFound, by the means of Mr. Prime 
Serjeant, with whom they arc now strongly united, and upon 
whom as their man of business for conducting the matter through 
the House of Commons they intend to relj', that this late trans- 
action had made the political connexion between Lord Shannon 
and Mr. Speaker much stronger than ever ; and if certain points 
could be obtained for them, they would heartily support and carry 
through the ordinary business of Government, and even the 
augmentation itself to the extent wished for by His Majesty, if 
certain persons could be brought to lend their names and co-operate 
with them, it being understood they themselves should have their 
share in the disposal of His Majesty's other favours here, in 
proportion to the number of their friends and their weight in the 
country. They thought it absolutely necessary to have the Duke 
of LeirLster and Lord Tyrone, together with some of the popular 
speakers in the House of Commons, such as Sir "William Osborne, 
Mr. Flood, &c., persuaded to give their a-ssistance ; otherwise such 
a party would be raised against so expensive and unpojudar a 
measure as might in the end ruin them, and in the meantime 
prevent this measure from being carried through by a respectable 
majority. His Excellency used all the prudent methods to sound 
and conciliate those popular members to such a measure ; and, from 
what he is told (for he^did not choose to enter into this matter him- 
self without encouragement), the plan of augmentation cautiously 
opened to them did not meet vnth such objections as seemed to 
make them very violent or determined against it, though they 
would give no promise of support. Neither the Duke of Leinster 
nor Lord TjTone could be induced to engage heartily in this 
business, though they showed great readiness to support His 
Majesty in all the ordinary matters of government. It was but 
within these two days that he was enabled to transmit, with 
precision, the opinions of these two noblemen. Gives the reasons 
which they advanced for their objection. 

As to individuals independent of those whom the Government 
have a hold upon, has met with a very general approbation of the 
measure ; one thing being always taken for gi-anted, that 1 2,000 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 229 



17G7. 

shall always remain in Ireland, except when the immediate 
defence of Great Britain from an invasion or j-ebellion shall 
require it ; and this seciu-ity must be absolute and certain, and 
not in general words, such as those contained in his Lordship's 
letter of 5 Nov., wherever inserted. On the whole there does not 
seem to be any doubt that this great point, though not absolutely 
undertaken by any, may be carried by a very respectable majority, 
though not without giving w^ay to several things now to be 
mentioned. 

It will be necessary to return as soon as possible the Bill for 
limiting the duration of Parliaments, without enlarging, at least to 
any great degree, the term of seven years. 

The points pressed by Lord Shannon, the Speaker, and Mr. Prime 
Serjeant must be complied with, though he does not mean to 
insinuate that Lord Drogheda can be left out of the Government 
on his Excellency's return to England, for he is an able, steady 
man, well-connected, and of great weight, whom he means to 
recommend to be one of the Lords Justices. 

The security of 12,000 men must be explicit, and to the effect 
before mentioned, and will be most satisfactorily inserted in the 
Act proposed for taking off the restriction of the 1 0th of King 
William. 

Considering the independent situation of the chief officers of the 
Crown, and the events which have happened since his arrival, 
cannot help wishing that His Majesty should be entreated to recede 
from the strict rule laid down with regard to pensions for life or 
years, and reversions ; for unless this is done, and power is given 
him to be explicit to some few persons here, as well as to increase 
the estabUshment by being able to create some new offices in the 
different departments of Government, he fears the augmentation 
will not be carried through in the way expected. On the whole, 
if it shall be thought advisable to attempt this measure, which, 
with the precautions and powers mentioned, may safely be done, 
an ostensible letter from his Lordship, making it little less than 
a requisition from the King, would ensure its success. Is now 
taking every means possible to be acquainted with the real 
sentiments as well as the objects of the several members of the 
House of Commons. Marked " Secret and confidential." 9h p/'. 

12 Dec. 665. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, ^ Stating, for his Lordship's private information, the points 

,431, 0. /2. about which Lord Shannon, Mr. Speaker, and the Prime Serjeant 
wished to be explicitly satisfied. 

Lord Shannon wishes to be appointed one of the three Lords 
Justices. Mr. Ponsonby expects that the office of Examinator of 
the Customs, now in possession of his eldest son, should be given 
to him and his brother for their joint lives. The Prime Serjeant 
expects that provision should be made for the lives of his two sons, 
by a grant to them, and the survivor of them, of some office of at 
least the value of 500/. a year. If no vacancy should happen 
before the rising of Parliament, that either a pension or a salary to 



CALENDAR OF 



17G7. 

that amount should be added to some office to be enjoyed by his 
two sons during their joint lives, and that his wife should be 
created a Vicountess at the end of the session. The Pi-ime Serjeant 
is by far the most powerful man in Parliament, of gi-eat abilities 
to conduct a debate, holds but little that is dependent on Govern- 
ment, has great profits from his profession, and is most essential to 
Government. Is sorry to say that these are the terms on which 
they promise to suppoi-t and carry on the King's usual and 
ordinary business, because, from the situation they are in at'present, 
he thinks it is the duty at least of the two former to do so without 
any consideration whatever. Nor can he omit stating that they 
expect to have some ostensible authority communicated to him on 
these pomts from his Lordship. Cannot yet bring them absolutely to 
undertake the carrying through the augmentation, unless the Duke 
of Leinster and Lord Tyrone, who, they apprehend, may become 
the heads of considerable parties hei-e, or Sir William Osborne 
and Mr. Flood, who are the most popidar speakers in the House of 
Commons, could be brought to lend their name and assistance, it 
being still considered that if this change should be brought about, 
they should contmue to have their share of recommendation to 
places of trust and profit m proportion to their numbers and 
weight in Parliament. If His Majesty agrees to these demands, 
cannot doubt but that the business of this session would be carried 
through in the way the King Abashes it with the utmost ease. 
At the same time, if they should be thought too unreasonable, 
does not despair, with the discretionary powers mentioned in 
his former letter, and with the attention which he will pay to each 
particular member of the House of Commons, of being able to 
bring about what His Majesty has so much at heart. Marled 
" Secret and separate." 4 2yp- 

12 Dec. 666. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of the Treasury. 
Tieas. Entry Bk., AcfiuaLutuig them with the proposition that three companies 
' "' ■^' ''■ " ■ from one of the regiments of infantry in Ireland shall relieve the 
2nd Foot stationed in the Isle of Man, in order that, as the said 
regiment was sent to the Isle of Man at their desire for the pro- 
tection of the revenue, they may state their opinion whether the 
said three companies appear to them sufficient for that service. 

12 Dec. 667. Secretary- at- War (Baerington) to Lord Shelburne. 
War cjffice, Apprehends that when regiments have been lately sent from 

V.211, No. 61. Ireland, they have been permitted to complete with Irish recruits. 
Suggests the propriety of giving the same permission to the 
regiments which are shortly to be sent abroad from that kingdom, 
and which are not complete. 1 -p- 

13 Dec. 668. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to tlie 

Ireland, SaJIE. 

Begs him to state to His Majesty the request 'of Col. Robert 
Cuninghamc, and that of General Ai-mstrong, for the regiment 



,431, No. 73. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



231 



1767. 



vacant by the death of General Anstruther. Having immediately 
ill view, in his recommendations, the great object of the augmenta- 
tion, as Mr. Cuninghame has several relations in Parliament and 
considei-able connexions in this country who wiU be greatly 
indebted for so considerable a mark of His Majesty's favour, he 
conceives that to confer the vacant regiment on him would have 
a very good effect. 

Requests also the King's consent for Major Simon Fraser, of the 
24th Regiment, his Excellency's first aide-de-camp, to purchase 
the commission of Lieut.-Col. Edmonstone, in Lord Lome's first 
battalion, who is very much inclined to sell out at the usual price. 

[An exchange proposed ; placed as an enclosure to a letter of 
1 2 Dec, and marked 70b, belongs here.] 2 pp. 



13 Dee. 669. The Sajvie to the Same. 

Ireland, Omitted, in his despatch, describing the terms on which the 

■ ' °' ' ' persons mentioned would carry on the King's business, one material 
demand of the Prime Serjeant's, for an old promise to the amount 
of 4,000?. which he claims and insists upon as a debt of Govern- 
ment declared to him by Lord Hertford. As the King's service 
now so much depends on this gentleman, it is impossible to avoid 
stating it, lest, if the augmentation be pursued, he should not be 
so ready as could be wished to conduct this plan through the 
House. Refers it to Lord Hertford how far this is a real debt. — 
Dublin Castle. Marl-ed " Private." 1 p. 



14 Dec. 

3111. Euti-yBk. 



14 Dec. 

Dom.EutryBk., 
V. 25, p. 37. 



15 Dec. 



670. Richard Suttox to the Clerk of the Council. 
Sends an extract from a letter from Sir James Wright, H.M.'s 

Resident at Venice, enclosmg a translation of one from the Health 
Office there, giving an accoimt of the plague having broken out on 
the coast of Barbary, and in some parts of the Morea. — Whitehall. 
Like letters sent to the Secretary to the Treasury, and to Philip 
Stephens, Esq., Secretary to the Admiralty. 

671. Mr. Secretary Conway to the Lords of Trade. 
Encloses the copy of a dispatch from Mr. Woodford, H.M.'s 

Resident at Hambiu'gh, on the subject of a treaty now under 
negotiation between that city and the Court of France. Their 
Lordships will therein see the reasoning which he makes use of on 
such ai'ticles of this treaty as have come to his knowledge, as well 
as the precautions he is taking to prevent any prejudice to our 
trade from the conclusion of it. Desires them to report their 
opinion thereupon.— St. James's. 

672. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to the Earl of Shel- 

BURNE. 

Acknowledging letter of the 8th inst. received, as to the con- 
version of the 12th Dragoons into a regiment of light cavalry. 
— Dublin Castle. 1 p. 



232 CALENDAR OF 



17(37. 

IG Dec. 673. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, The service of His Majesty at this time seeming to require 

No sg'i b *^'^^ some requests of persons whose abilities and zeal are of use to 
tlie points he has immediately in view should be laid before His 
ilajest}^, bogs liis Lordship to present the two following applica- 
tions. 
■ ■ . Lord Bellamont hopes His Majesty will bestow upon him the 

rank of Lieutenant Colonel, which, he understood from Lord 
Hertford (who misconceived the King' s intentions), was to have 
accompanied his commission in like mamier as it was held by his 
two predecessors, and the duty of which he has done ever since 
without paj'. No one has been more early or zealous than Lord 
Bellamont in promoting the augmentation. 

Lord Annaly has a brother, Mr. Henry Gore, for whom he is 
givatly liitcivsted. Mr. Gore is much respected in the House of 
(.'uiiiiii.in^, :\ui\ indeed the estimation and weight which the family 
ami loiiiicxioMs carry in this country are very considerable. His 
Excellency -s\-ould earnestly recommend the enclosed provision for 
him Avith a salary of 400/. or .500/. a year, being assured that the 
military situation of the Pass of Lanesborough is of the greatest 
importance. 

The distinguishing some persons of those families who have in 
the unsteady conduct of last month maintained a uniform resi)ect 
for the King's Government will have a most salutary eft'ect upon 
the King's measures here. Lord Amialy has been most decided 
u|ion every occasion where the honour of the King's Government 
has Viuen engaged. He has conducted the King's business through 
tlic House of Lords with great ability, and defeated every motion 
there which tended to embarrass it. The increase of the net 
revenue for the six months preceding Michaelmas 1767 appears to 
be no less than 26,.540?., when compared with the accounts of last 
year for the .same term, which will not a little diminish the 
objections against the expense of the augmentation. — Dublin 
Castle. AJarked "Private." 

The enclosure, being a memorial, signed " Henry Gore," propos- 
ing the appointment of a Governor to Lanesborough, as had been 
done to Athlone, these two towns being the two great passes over 
the river Shannon, the great barrier between Leinster and Con- 
naught, which is chiefly inhabited by Papists ; and in case of an 
invasion from the West, the invaders' direct and almost only way 
to Dublin lying though one of these passes, i 2'I'- 

17 Dec. 674. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, Acknowledging the return of tlie IVIoney Bills, orders as to 

kJs flo'si regiments, and the taking down of the bastion at Gal way. 

ami 92. ' Tliive Separate letters. 3 pp. 

17 Dec. 675. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland. Acknowledges his Lordship's secret letter of the 12th. Has only 

431, No. 9.3. ^^ ^^jj ^|j^^ ^Y-iQ issue of his negotiations with regard to the desii-ed 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 233 



augmentation will be known from his despatch of that date, and . 
that he has no doubt, if the security shall be sufficiently explicit 
and satisfactory to the Parliament of Ireland, and his instructions 
with respect to the leading parties described be decisive, of his 
ability to carry into execution this measure to the extent of the 
King's wishes. MarJicd " Private." 1 p. 

19 Dec. 676. Earl of Shelburne to Major Gen. Gage. '■ 
Com.-iu-chii-f, Acknowledging letters, and sending an affidavit of one Potter 

V. 1, pp. 23-1. against Major Rogers, and a copy of Brigadier Carloton's letter in 
which it was enclosed. This Potter, unluckily, (bed in the Channel, 
and no papers of his which could give the least ailditiuual light in the 
affair have been discovered. When Potter found liiuiself dymg, he 
desired Messrs. Baxter and Bostwick, who came over in the same 
ship, to take charge of his trunk, and to account for his few effects 
to his family. They have been examined twice, and declare that 
Potter did not communicate to them the nature of his charge 
against Major Rogei-s, but that he had often said on the voyage 
that he had very serious crimes to lay to his charge. Being 
interrogated as to what they knew concerning Major Rogers 
themselves, they declared that the Major told them at Michili- 
makinac, that he had received repeated invitations to enter into 
the French service, which he certainly would do if not rewarded 
up to his merit in the English ; that he would wait the event of 
his solicitations, and that he would recompense in a most liberal 
manner any person who would convey to him by exj^ress from 
Philadelphia the earliest intelligence of what turn his solicitations 
would take at home. They declared that they were in the utmost 
apprehension for their property, as well as that of many other 
traders, now lying at Michilimakinac and Lake Superior, for that 
they were sure he had intentions to debauch the garrison of 
Michilimakmac, in which they feared he would have too much 
success ; as, by his familiarity with them, he has gained such an 
ascendancy over them as to prevail on them to give him all their 
pay, circulating his notes in lieu thereof; which money, they say, 
was very considerable, the soldiers having no great opportunity to 
spend their pay in a place wher« it is so easy to subsist by hunting. 
They further say, that Rogers, by running in debt to the traders 
for goods which he distributed very lavishly among the Indians, 
had very much strengthened the good opinion which the Indians 
in general entertained of him, and that, therefore, they could not 
avoid representing him as a very dangerous man, who meditated 
much mischief The persons who can give the best account of him 
are Stanley, Goddard, and Tuite, at present sent out by him on 
discoveries westward of Lake Superior. 

It has been found necessary to delay for a short time the deter- 
mination of His Majesty's intentions relative to the boundary lines 
not j-et completed. — Whitehall. 



234 CALENDAR OF 



1707. 
19 Dec. 677. The Same to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Iri'limd, 111 answer to letters. His Majesty confii-ms the resolution of 

■Nfos^ 75^to' 78 ^^^*^ House of Lords that " The Right Hon. Catherine Countess 
Entered in Dowager of TjTone hath fully proved her claim to the barony of 
Irel. Entry Bk., Le Poer in fee, and hath a right to the said barony in fee." 

1761-70, jjis Excellency's letter of the 8th instant, enclosing the memo- 

pp. 104-^. ^.j,^|g ^£ Sentleger Sentleger, of Doneraile, Esq., and John St. Leger, 
of Grange Mellon, Esq., have been left in His Majesty's hands for 
consideration. 

His Majesty is pleased to admit General Greeme's justification, 
since he has sent the proper orders to his regiment for putting it 
in a proper condition, and ordered all officers to join the regiment. 
His Majesty also approves his Excellency's reasons with respect to 
Major Calcler, and of his discouraging on all occasions a deviation 
from those regulations for the price of commissions which have 
been laid down ; and. 

His Majesty also approves of the recommendations for successions 
in his letter of the 12th inst. 

Four separate drafts. 8 p^). or parts of pp. 

19 Dec. 678. The SiViiE to the Same. 

In-land. _ As both the Money Bills have passed without any material 

v.43i,No. ,9. amendment, will only observe, in regard to the tax upon absentee 
placemen and pensioners, that it was originally proposed solely for 
the purpose of augmenting the army, — a measure not sufiiciently 
certain of success to make the consideration of the particular mode 
of providing for it necessary. In the meantime, it was not possible 
to conceive that this fund could be applied to defray the increased 
expense of private grants, which, it was hoped, would have been 
reduced instead of being augmented, and still less that this tax 
should have been revived at this time for such a piu-pose, without 
inserting in this Bill all the exceptions in the Act of 1751, par- 
ticularly that which regards the King's sign manual, which seems 
to have escaped his Excellency. It was a mark of respect due to 
the Crown ; it was necessary, even in point of justice, that the 
King might have been enabled to exempt some persons upon the 
pension list, in consequence of actual purchases made for the 
avowed and general benefit of both kingdoms. It were likewise 
much to be wished, for the dignity of His Majesty and the honoiu' 
of his people, that others which were the rewards of great and 
never-to-be-forgotten ser\'ices, siich as those of Prince Ferdinand 
of Brunswick, and of Sir Edward Hawke, whose intrepidity and 
good conduct so very lately saved Ireland from the dreadful con- 
sequences of invasion, should not suffer a diminution, as they are 
likely to do, from this tax. 

Is noAV to answer his Excellency's two secret letters of the 12th 
inst., containing his opinion as to the augTQentation of the army, 
as well as of the several favom's expected fi-om His Majesty ; and 
further, desii-ing an ostensible letter fi-om him, making it little less 
than a requisition fi-om the King. In regard to the last point, 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



235 



his Lordship's expressions already used were of the strongest kind ; 
His Majesty's commands to his Excellency in person were explicit ; 
the opinion of his Ministers was formed upon a variety of circum- 
stances arising as well from foreign intelligence, of which it may 
not be proper to enter into all the particulars, as from the most 
serious consideration of the internal state of Ireland ; his Excel- 
lency has fully made the communication to those who, by their 
situations, are best able to judge of the necessity of this measure, 
and who must be convinced that the good of Ireland is the sole 
motive of His Majesty's wishing it. 

In regard to the rest of the letter, his Excellency must be 
sensible that several of the terms mentioned fall within the rule 
laid down by His Majesty as not to be departed from, and that 
his Ministers stand precluded from proposing to him the granting 
of places and pensions for life or years. It must, therefore, remain 
with the leadiiig persons in Ireland to act as they can answer to 
their OAvn consciences, as servants to His Majesty, as men of 
property, and as representatives of the people, to whom they wiU 
be accountable for their conduct, and for the evil consequences 
which may ensue from the failure of this measure, so strongly 
recommended to them by His Majesty. At the same time, the King 
will consider the merits of those who shall have exerted themselves 
for the support of his Government and the good of Ireland ; nor 
is it to be supposed that the conduct of those who shall have acted 
from motives of a less honourable nature can escape His Majesty's 
notice. It wiU then likewise be the proper time to determine 
upon the persons whom His Majesty shall think proper to be named 
Lords Justices of Ireland. 

The Enabling Act will be proposed here after the recess of Par- 
liament, whatever is done in Ireland ; and in the drawing of it 
the point of security will be attended to, as far as the several 
considerations before mentioned will allow. 

P.S. — Since writing the above has received his private letter of 
the 1.3th inst. 

A draft, marked " Secret." 7h pp- 



22 Dec. 679. L. Macleane to John Pownall, Esq. 
nom. Geo. HI., Enclosing papers for the mformation of the Lords of Trade. 



• '' P- -^5- N.B.— Letters fi'om Philadelphia. —Whitehall. 



22 Dec. 680. Exrl of Shelbuexe to the Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland. 
His Majesty has granted, in accordance with his Excellency's 
request, a baronetcy to Mr. Richard Steel. The request in favour 
of Col. Grahame remains under the King's consideration. 

Has appointed Lord Viscount Clare to be of his Privy Council 
in Ireland. 

Approves also the recommendation of Lord Howth for the same 
dignity. 



Ireland, 
V. 431, 

Nos. 80 to 8G. 

Entered in 

Irel. Entry Bk.. 

1761-70, 

pp. 108-1.3. 



23G CALENDAR OF 

17G7. 

Consents to the successions and exchanges recommended in the 
letters of the 8th inst., superseding the officers concerned in the 
murder of Patrick Connor. 

Approves the recommendation of Colonel Robert Cuninghame 
to the command of the regiment vacant by the death of General 
Anstruther. The exchanges desired by Major Frazer, kc, 'await 
conference with Lord Granby. And — 

Approves of the exchange between Jo'seph Sirr, Esq., and Thomas 
Sankey, Esq. 

Seven separate drafts, all frorii WJiitcliaU. 10 jij). or j)a;-fe 

22 Dec. 681. Richard Suttox to Lord Fkedekick Campbell. 
Ireland, _ Xo iuforui the Lord Lieutenant, in the absence of the Earl of 

T.4.oi,Iso.s,. Shelburne, who is gone into the country for a few days during the 
I T°EnmBk I'ecess, of His Majesty's directions for the relief of the 2nd or 
1761-70, ' Queen's Regiment in the Isle of Man, &c. It is His Majesty's 
l.p. 113-iG. pleasure to permit the regiments destined to embark for Gibraltar 
to recruit with Protestants raised in Ireland, as they may pro- 
bably be incomplete, and there is not sufficient time for raising 
men in England for the purpose of completing them. — Whitehall. 
A draft. 3 j^p. 

22 Dec. 682. Jkhx Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to Mr. [Se- 

IsleofMan, CRETARY CoNWAY]. 

Has received his letter of the Sth inst., signifying His Majesty's 
pleasure with regard to the embarkation of the 2nd or Queen's 
Regiment for Gibraltar, and immediately gave the necessar}^ orders. 
Thinks it his duty to represent the expediency of having troops 
here, as he has found them by experience very essential in the 
suppression of smuggling, which is not yet put a period to. And 
9 as the Crown has been at a considerable expense in erecting 
barracks, the troops can be the more easily accommodated. — 
Castletown. No. C. 1 p. 

[Ml-. Conway's letter referred to is in Isle of Man Entr)/ Bl;, 
■ 17C5-1S17, p. 42.] 

24 Dec. 683, " Form of affidavit inserted after ilr. Fraser's certificate 
Admiialtv, C't' the i)urchase of a vessells being made liy a British subject." 

pel. 1. ■57,'" 1J7'7'. 

No. I'i. 

24 Dec. 684. The Lord Justice Clerk (Miller) to Mr. Secretary 
Scotland, Conway. 

. 40, No. 15.1. jj^ pursuance of an Act, 10 Geo. II. cap. 34., transmits tlie 

information of James Hutchinson, chai'ging the several persons 
therein named with having broken open the Excise office at Elgin, 
and carried off a quantitj- of brandy and rum which had been 
seized by the officers of Excise. — Edinburgh. 

Endorsed: " The original information was sent to the Clerk of 
the Council in Waiting'^ Dec. 31st." 1 p. 



l,17fil-7-l. 
No. .'iS. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 237 



17G7. 
24 Dec. 685. Grey Cooper to Richaed Slttox, Esq. 
WarOfBco, i']je Lord.s of the Treasury arc of opinion that h;ss than four 

' ■ '■ companies will not be sufficient for the protection of the revenue 
in the Isle of Man. 1 p. 

26 Dec. 686. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the 

Ireland, EARL OF ShELBURNE. 

NoI'.os.'do. Desiring His Majesty's pleasure on the application from Col. 

Pomeroy, commanding the 64th Regiment, that Ensign Burton, of 
tliat regiment, who is at present absent by His Majesty's leave at 
Brunswick, may obtain a further leave of absence for 12 months 
from the 8th of January next, in order to enal)le him to pursue liis 
studies. — Dublin Castle. 1 p. 

Similar letter for an extraordinary leave of absence for Major 
Chas. Wilson Lyon, of the 4th Regiment of Light Dragoons, to 
remain in Great Bi-itain until the 10th of April next, for the 
recovery of his health, his phj-sicians having recommended to him 
the use of the Bath waters. 1 p. 

26 Dec. 687. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, Transmits a copy of a petition of William Warren, president, 

No.^otf.i'to f. Joliii Swete, treasurer, David Hutchison, and Nicholas Ho\vel], 
in behalf of themselves and other members of the Second 
Annuity Society of Cork, presented to the Earl of Halifax 
in the time of his administration, together with others of a 
like nature, praying that they may obtain His Majesty's ro3-al 
charter to incorporate them and their successors by the name 
of the Second Protestant Annuity Society of Coik, with a power 
of purchasing lands to the value of 300?. by the year, and of making 
and forming bye-laws for the regulation and good government of 
the society, &c. Encloses also copies of his Lordship's order of 
reference to the Commissioners of H.M.'s Revenue, and their report 
thereupon ; which, having been laid before the Lords Justices, was 
referred by them to the Attorney and Solicitor General, whose 
report, together with a draught of a letter for His Majesty's signa- 
ture, is annexed hereto. These papers were transmitted to'^the 
Earl of Drogheda, with a letter from the Lords Justices, of 24th 
Aug. 1764, to the Duke of Northumberland, then Lord Lieutenant ; 
but no effectual steps having been since taken, desires that the 
same may be laid before the King. As the formation of this 
company is calculated for the useful purposes of enabling a set of 
merchants and other industrious ]iersons in a commercfal city to 
make provision for their wives if they survive their husbands, 
and as there have been many delays, though not any difficulties^ 
must request his Lordship to give his assistance in forwarding the 
conclusion of it. 

The enclosures. 20 pp. or parts of pp. 

26 Dec. 688. The Same to the Same. 

■ 43'i''x'^'ni '^'^^' SO^'cinment of Cork being vacant by the promotion of 

'"' ' " °' ' Lord Robert Bertie, desires his Lordship to lay before the Kinrr 



238 CALEISIDAK OF 



a recommendation in favour of Lieut.-Col. John Wynne, the present 
Lieutenant Governor, to succeed Lord Bertie. Col. W;yTine has 
served many years, has very considerable weight in this country, 
has constantly supported Government, and is well disposed, "wath 
his ii-iends, to support the augmentation. Is likewise very 
earnestly pressed by the Speaker to recommend Capt. Charles 
Tottenham, his nephew, a member of the House of Commons, and 
one of his Excellency's aide-de-camps, to succeed Lieut.-Col. W;yTine. 
But as Mr. Speaker has not yet given assm-ance of his support of 
the augmentation, but imder certain terms with which his Lord- 
ship is acquainted, it is A^dth concern that his Excellency must 
recommend it to His Majesty to postpone the consideration of 
Mr. Tottenham until this event is further cleared. Marked 
" Private." 2 2>P- 

28 Dec. 689. The SA-ME to the S.uie. 

Ireland, The heads of a Bill for making the Judges' commissions to con- 

.431, No. 102. i^^Q during good behaviour having been imexpectedly moved the 
fii'st day of the session, were by that means taken out of the 
channel in which he intended they shoidd have gone, being that 
of the King's servants only. The consequence of which was that 
many very improper things were introduced, which have since, 
though with difficulty, been removed. As to what his Lordship 
mentioned, that cai-e should be taken to make it lawful for His 
Maje.sty to remove any of the Judges of Ireland upon the rej^resen- 
tation of the Privy Council and the two Houses of Lords and 
Commons, and to insert a claiLse giving the same power to the two 
Houses of Parliament in Great Britain, he did thereupon, before 
the heads of the Bill were committed, call the King's servants 
together, and desii-e them to get the same inserted in Committee. 
LTpon which they unanimously advised him not to insist upon 
anything of that sort, which would cei'tainly be rejected with 
indignation, — beseeching liim, at the same time, not to let such an 
idea get abroad, as it might disturb the quiet of the session, and 
raise so much distrust and iU-wUl as would afterwards fi-ustrate 
every great object of Government. The heads of a Bill for the 
better securing the liberty of the sulject have gone imanimously 
thi-ough the House of Commons, and will meet with the general 
approbation of all ranks of people, should it be thought expedient 
to retiu-n the same so as to be passed into law. — Dublin Castle. 
Marked " Secret and confidential." 2i jj^^. 

28 Dec. 690. The Same to the Sajie. 

Ireland, What the Housc of Peers have done by then- addi'ess in favour 

,431, No. 103. ^^ their present Speaker, out of personal regard, as he supposes, 
for Lord Annaly, may give an opportunity to His Majesty of 
adding strength to his Government here by giving a salary during 
pleasure to the Chief Justice of the King's Bench, who is now veiy 
properly appointed to officiate as Speaker in case of the death, 
absence, or removal of the Chancellor. The office of Chief Justice 
of the King's Bench is of less value than that of the Common Pleas 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



239 



1767. 



29 Dec. 

Ireland , 
.431, No. 104. 



29 Dec. 

Ireland, 



31 Dec. 

Ireland, 
r. 431, No. 108. 



by at least -500^. or 600?. a year ; for which reason, though it is 
usually given to a gentleman of this country, it seldom becomes 
an object for any person liigh in business to look up to, — which, 
considering that the lawyers of eminence here are always in Par- 
liament, may often become prejudicial if not troublesome to'His 
Majesty's affairs. The present Chief Justice is highly deserving 
of His Majesty's favour ; for, whatever his pretensions to the Great 
Seal might be, he has submitted as becomes him most cheerfully 
to the King's choice, and has iipon every occasion given the most 
hearty and disinterested support to Government ; nor has he 
himself expressed a wish for anything more than the small pro- 
vision for his brother, Mr. Gore, mentioned in the letter of the 
16th. Will not suggest Avhether any or what additional salary 
ought to be given to the Chief Justice for occasionally officiating 
as Speaker in the House of Peers, but begs his Lordship to lay 
before His Majesty what he has said, adding only that this office 
is not at present worth more than 1,400?. per annum. 
Marked " Secret and confidential." 2^ pp. 

691. The Same to the Same. 

Giving notice of the despatch of two Public Bills, sealed in the 
Council on Saturday. One Private Bill was sealed at the same 
time, intituled " An Act to dissolve the marriage of Phineas Riall 
with Mary Riall, otherwise Bolton," &e. 

692. The Same to the Same. 

Encloses a copy of a proclamation issued by the Council in 
consequence of an address of the Houses of Lords and Commons, 
to prohibit the exportation of corn, &c. to any parts beyond the 
seas (Great Britain only excepted), for two calendar months from 
the 24th inst. This address was occasioned by representations 
laid before both Houses on the 23rd inst. from several merchants 
of this city. Heads of a Bill have been presented to Parliament 
for empowering the Chief Governor and Council of this kingdom 
to prevent the exportation and distilling of corn for a limited time, 
which were on the 23rd inst. received, read, and ordered to be 
committed. But as the House is not to resolve itself into that 
committee till the 27th of January, it was judged absolutely 
necessary for the secui'ity of the kingdom that this proclamation 
should be issued immediately. — Dublin Castle. 

The proclamation. 2^ pp. and 2 sheets of print. 

693. The Same to the Same. 

His Majesty's pleasm-e relative to the surgeons who are recom- 
mended to succeed to commissions in the regiments in this 
kingdom shall be most strictly obeyed. It is already a standing 
order of the Government here that no recommendation for a 
surgeon's commission shall be received without a certificate 
annexed thereto, signed by His Majesty's Sm-geon General, that 
he hath examined the person so recommended, and that ho is 
duly (pialified for the office of a surgeon in H.M.'s army, and that 



240 CALENDAR OF 



a like certificate for the qualification of surgeon's mates newly 
appoiuteil shall lie returnefl and entercil in the office of Muster 
Master General, before such mate shall be entered for pa}-. — Dublin 
Castle. 1 i 2>2^. 

31 Dec. 694. Lord FuEDEracK Campbell to Richard Sutton, Esq. 
Ireland, Has received and laid before the Lord Lieutenant his letter 

431, No. 100. ,.^.iative to the relief of the regiment in the Isle of Man, &c.— 
DulJin Castle. 2 pjx 

31 Dec. 695. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to the Earl of 

Irehind, ShELBURNE. 

lias received his Lordship's secret letter of the 19th inst., v/hich 
he will answer very soon, and at the same time lay before him 
the result of his endeavours to learn the sentiments of people on 
the augmentation. 1 j). 



.431, No. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 211 



1767. 



TABLES. 

January to December. 



696. Admiralty Orders. 

Letters, kc. from the Earl of Slielbiinie to the Lords of the Admiraltj^ 
signifying His Majesty's pleasure for proper orders to be given for purposes 
as below. 



For whom and what purpos' 



III Admiralfi/ Entry Book, 1766-84. 

The EmpcTor of Jlorocco's frigate, the " Tj-gcr," which bioujiht his Ambassador, ' 15 Jai 
to be taken into one of H.M.'s docks at Plymouth, and to be repaired, re- 
fitted, and supplied with provisions and necessaries withont any charge to the 
Emperor, to enable her to return with the Ambassador; and any of the crew 
neeiling it, to be received into H.M.'s hospital there. < 

The crew of the same frigate to he supplied with daily provisions during her stay 30 ,, 
in port. 

Cokburne, George, Esq., one of the captains of Il.il.'s fleet, to continue in his i 4 Ma 
half-pay, notwithstanding his being also Comptroller of the Navy, and not to I 
be obliged to take the onth required of naval half-pay officers that they have 
no other employment. 

Transports for certain regiments going from Ireland to relieve other regiments j 6 „ 
in North America. 

Elliot, John, Esq., appointed Captain General and Governor-in-chief of West | 16 „ 
i'lorida in America, vice George Johnstone, Esq., to have the usual powers i 
granted to captains general of the provinces in America. 

The Emperor of JIorocco"s firigate " Tyger " to have her quarter-deck lengthened ' 25 ,, 
so as to join the forecastle, and to be altered so as to steer upon deck. 

Williams, Griffith, Esq., a Captainof H.M.'s marine forces, to continue on half-pay, ! IC Ap 
notwithstanding his holding the office of agent to the marine forces, and not to 
be obliged to take the oath. 

To detain the transports for the regiments going to North America till a com- I l."! „ 
plete set of arms for the said regiments be put on board. I 

Lyttelton, William Henry, Escp, appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipo- ' 5 May 
tentiary to the Most Faithful King, — a ship of war to convey him and Lis family, ! 
&c., to Lisbon. 1 



24-2 



CALENDAR OF 



17G7. 



696. Admiralty Orders — cont. 



For whom and what piu-pose. 



Spry, William, Esq., appointed Captain General and Governor-in-chief in and 
over H.M.'s island of Barbadoes in America, to have the usual powers of 
captains general. 

Trewlaivny, Sir William, Bart., appointed Captain General and Governor-in- 
chief of Jamaica, to have the usual powers. 

Hadge Ben Nasser, son to the late Ambassador from the Emperor of Morocco, 
to have his passage to Gibraltar on board the frigate destined to convey General 
Cornwallis thither. 

H. E. Hamed Aga, Ambassador from the Bashaw of Tripoli, to be received with 
his attendants and baggage ou board the "iEolus," and conveyed directly to 
Tripoh. 

Capt. Cosby to proceed with the body of his late Royal Highness the Duke of 
York from Monaco to the Nore without touching at any port in England if 
it can be avoided ; and one of H.M.'s yachts to repair to the Nore, to wait the 
arrival of the " Montreal," and convey the body to Greenwich, there to be 
delivered to the Treasiu'er of his late Royal Highness. 

Shirley, Thomas, Esq., appointed Captain General and Governor-in-chief of 
U.M.'s Bahama Islands in America, to have the usual powers. 

The 18 Frenchmen mentioned in their letter of 10th inst., and enclosure, to be 
conveyed to any part of the coast of France, and there set on shore. 



Transport and subsistence of certain regiments 




697. Appointments, &c. 
Appointments and Approbations of Elections to various Offices liy the King. 



Name. 


Office, &c. 


D.„.. 


Page. 


In Channel Islands Entry Booh, vol 1, 1761-98. 






Mariuel, Charles, Esq. - - , Keeper of the Game within and about the 
1 Isle of Jersey. 


3 July - 


14 


la IVarrant Booh, vol. 31, 1765-69. 






Williams, Thomas, of Denbigh, 
Gent. 


Town clerk of the borough of Denbigh. 
(Approbation.) 


9 Fob. - 


HO 


Ashby, John, Gent., skilled in 
the laws, and a burgess of 
Shrewsbury, vice Sir Henry 
Edwards, Bart., deceased. 


Town clerk of the town of Shrewsbury, in the 
CO. of Salop. (Approbation.) 


18 April - 


169 


Walker, Thomas, of Begbrooke, 
in the co. of Oxford, Esq. 


Do. of New Woodstock, in the co. of Oxford. 
(Approbation.) 


19 May - 


172 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



243 



17G7. 698. Army, &:c. Cojimissioxs. 

Appointments, in the form of Commissions, of a somewhat special chavactei-. 

*#■* Commissious gi'anted in 1767 to ofRcers in the army, chaplains, &c., are to he 
found in the series of 3Iilitari/ Entry Books, vols. 27 and 28. As Army Lists puhlished 
hy permission of the Secretary-at-War exist for this period, the Commissions are not here 
more particularly described. 



Name. 


Appointment, &c. 


Date. 


Page. 


In Military Entry Book, vol. 27. 






Sloper, Robert, Esq. - - Captain or Keeper of Iliirst Castle, in the 
CO. of Southampton. 


20 May - 


245 


In Military Entry Book, vol. 28. 






Campbell, J., Esq., (commonly 
caUed Marquis of Lome,) 
vice Lieut,-Gen. Lord George 
Beauclerck. 


Commander-in-chief of the forces in Scotlan.l 


■10 March - 


187 


Collet, Abraham, Esq. - 


Captain and Commander of Johnston's Fort 
in North CaroUna in America. 


l.-)ilay - 


189 


Dallinp;, Robert, Esq. 


Governor of Fort Charles in Port Roval in 
Jamaica. 


2 June - 


190 


Hill, William, Esq. - 


Lieutenant-Governor of the town and garrison 
of Berwick-upon-Tweed. 


23 Sept. - 


194 




Another notice of this appointment 


., ., - 


226 


Beauclerk, Charles, Esq. 


Deputy Governor of Fort Georfje, near In- 
verness. 


7 Aug. - 


226 


//( Kinr/s Letter Book, 17(3-5-76. | 






Saudford, liobert, Esq., vice 
Stratford Eyre, Esq., deceased. 


Governor of the town and port of Galwav, in 
Ireland. 


12 Dec. - 


154 


Bertie, Robert, Esq., (Lord 
Robert Bertie,) vice John Earl 
of Rothes. 

1 


Governor of Duncannon Fort, in the co. of 
Wexford in Ireland. 


21 „ - 


157 



699. Church. Appointjients, &c. {See also Ireland and Scotland.) 

\Yarrants, countersigned by one of the Secretaries of State, and addressed to the 
Clerk of the Signet attending, for the preparation of Bills for the 
Royal signature to pass the Great Seal or the Privy Seal. 



Nature of the Bill. 



In Church Book, ] 761-78, — to pass the Great Seal. 
Du Val, Philip, clerk, LL.B., Grant of the place, &c. of Prebendary of , 13 Jan. 
vice Dr. Rice Williams. Worcester. I 



Foord, Henry, clerk, vice James Pre 
Berwick, deed. in th 



isentation to the rectory of West Heslerton, j 28 Feb. 
- '' 1, and diocese of York. 



Q2 



244 

17G7. 



CALENDAR OF 



). Church. Appointments, &c. — cont. 



Name. 


Nature of the Bill. 


Date. 


Page. 


Bedford, John, clerk, vice Jo- 
seph Bishop, clerk, deed. 


Presentation to the rectory of Llandulphc, in 
the CO. of Cornwall and diocese of Exeter. 


10 March - 


115 


Colos, John, M.A., virc Charles 
Be:in, deed. 


Do. to the vicarage of St. Mary, in the town 
of Warwick and diocese of Worcester. 


"'- 


119 


liennel, Thomas, clerk - 


Do. to the vicarage of Stockiugham, otherwise 
Stokenham, in co. of Devon and diocese of 
Exeter. 


29 July - 


121 


]Markham,William,LL.r).,Dcan 
of Rochester, vice Dr. David 
Gregory, deed. 


Grant of the place, &e. of Dean of Clirist 
Church, ( )xford. 


9 Oct. 


121 


Selwyn, Charles Jasper, clerk, 
B.A., vice Alien I3athurst, 
clerk, deed. 


Presentation to the rectory of Beverston, with 
the chapel of Kingscot thereunto annexed, 
in the co. aud diocese of Gloucester. 




123 


Newcome, Benjamin, D.D., vice 
Dr. Markham. 


Grant of the place, &e. of Dean of Rochester 


23 „ - 


124 


8tockwood, William, clerk, 
M.A., vice Dr. Ke«come. 


Do. do. of Prebendary of Worcester 


28 „ 


125 


In Bo,,,. Geo. in., vol. 6, 1767-81. 






Nickless, John 


Do. do. of almsman in Rochester catlicdral. 
[His petition also entered.] 


2 June - 


' 


Jenkins, Joseph 


Do. do. do. [His petition and a certificate 
also entered.] 


20 Oct. - 


3G 


//( Petitions, 1765-84. [As a minute to their petitions, cte. here enter 


.1.] 




Mitchell, Thomas, of Durham, 
recommended by " J. Lamb- 


Grant of place of almsman of Durham 
cathedral. 


3 iMarch - 


87 


Bourn, James, freeman of 
Gloucester, recommended by 
'^ J. Selwyn." 


Do. do. of beadsman of Gloucester cathedral 


13 Jlay - 


89 


Bond, Anne, widow 


Do. do. of almswoman in Clark's Hall near 
Bishopgate. 


31 Aug. - 


105 


McCriver, Robert, recommended 
by the Mayor and another. 


Do. do. of almsman in Rochester cathedral - 


9 Sept. - 


lOfi 


Jackson, David, who had served 
in the 4th Foot, recommended 
by Lord Barrington. 


Do. do. do. in Christchurch in Oxford 


-0 „ 


110 



700. Church. Miscellaneous. 

Miscellaneous Warrants and Letters, countersigned or signed by one of the 

Secretaries of State, connected with Church and University Affairs, &c. 



To whom directed. 



Nature of Warrant or Letter. 



In Church Booh, 1729-82. 
Lord Ilia;h Almoner - 



Jngelnian, Mary 
b(iuuty. 



Coplin, Sarah, do. do. [Her 
on p. 246.] 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



245 



1767. 700. 


Church. Miscellaneous— coh t. 






To whom directed. 


Nature of Warrant or Letter. 


Date. 


Page. 




Jlorison, John, one of the Poor Knights of 
Windsor, leave of absence to. 


9 July - 


247 


Bishop of Si.lishiiry 


Boodle, Bobert, to have a Poor Knight's place 
in St. George's Chapel, Windsor. 


„ „ - 


24S 


Do. - - - 


Boyle, John, do. do. - - - 


14 Dec. - 


249 


hi Church Booh, 1761-78. 








Vice-Chancellor of University 
of Cambrid<;e. 


Bell, AVilliara, B.A., late Fellow of St. Mary 
Jlagdaleue College, Cambridge, Prebendary 
of Westminster, to be admitted to the 
degi-ee of Doctor in Divinity. [Ineligible 
for want of sufficient standing.] 


20 Jan. . 


112 


Arclibishop of York - 


Silvester, Sarah, recommended to be one of 
H.ll.'s Maunday women. 


3 Feb. - 


113 


Bishop of London 


Collection for the poor 


IG „ 


114 


JIayor of London 


Do. do. 




114 


Vice-chancellor of University 
of Camhridge, &c. 


Barrett, Thomas, fellow commoner of Trinity 
College, Cambridge, to be admitted to the 
degree of Master of Arts. [Ineligible for 
want of sufficient standing.] 


3 April - 


ur. 


Lord Bishop of Salishury 


Ardouin, Daniel, to have a Poor Knight's 
place in St. George's Chapel, Wiudsor 
Castle. 


2 July - 


.20 


Provost of the College of Eton 


Cooke, William, D.D., to hold, together with 
the rectory of Stoke-Newingtou in the co. 
of Middlesex, and the rectory of Denham 
in the co. of Bucks, his fellow.ship in 
Eton College, notwithstanding the statutes 
of the said College. 


20 Nov. - 


12C 


Lord High Almoner 


Beckington, Ann, recommended as a proper 
object of the royal bounty on the ensuing 
Christmas. 


" 


127 


III K/iiff's Letter Booh, vol. xi 


i., 1765-76 ; and Signet Office, vol. 23. 






Provost and Senior Fellows of 
Trinity College, Dublin. 


Wilder, Theaker, D.D., one of the senior 
fellows, dispensation to reside abroad for 
another three years. [For the Lord Lieu- 
tenant's letters ordering this to be prepared, 
see Ireland, v. 426, No. 29.] 


13 „ 


117 
and in 
Sig. 
(Jff. 
254 



246 



I7i 



CALENDAR OF 



701. Creations. (See also Ireland.) 



Warrants, countersigned by one of the Secretaries of State, and addressed to 
the Attorney General, to prepare Bills for the King's signature to i)ass 
the Great Seal, containing Grants of Dignities in Gi-eat Britain. 



Style and Title or Dignity. 



In JVarrant Book, vol. 31, 1765-69. 

Campbell, Caroline, commonly Baroness of Greenwich : 
called Countess of Dalkeith. 

Denis, Peter, of St. Maries and 
Blackmanstone in Romney 
Harsh, in the co. of Kent, 
Esq. 

Bumaby, Sir William, Knt., 
Rear- Admiral of the Red. 

In Warrant Booh, vol. 32, 1766-70. 
Foley, Robert Ralph, of Thorpe 
Lee, in the co. of Surrey, 
Esq. 

Ilort, .John, of Castle Strange, 
in the co. of Middlesex, Esq. 



1.3 Aug. 
7 Sept. 



il .July 



702. Criminals. Letters to Judges. 

Letters adch-essed to the Judges, for report to be made on the cases of 
Criminals convicted. 



Nameof Jiulge. 


Name 
of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried 
or confined. 


Date. 


..... 


la Criminal Papers, vol. 11, 1761- 


67. 




1 1 

\ 


Jlr. Recorder 


Miller, John - 


SteaUng 


Transportation 


Old Bailey - 29 Jan. 320 


Sir Edward Clive 


Taylor, James - 


Do. 


Do. for 14 years 


Hertford - 3ilar. 


330 


ilr. Baron I'crrott 


Sawyer, - 


Riot at Ciren- 
cester. 


Do. 


Co.ofGIouces- 17,,, 
ter. j 


3.32 


Mr.JusticeAshton 


Do. - - 




. 


r " 


332 


Lord C. J.Wilmot 

or 
Mr. Baron Adams 


■Ba.ssct, Benjamin 


Burglary 


[Death] - 


1 

Bedford - 18 „ 


.334 


Mr. .Justice Yates 


Hemmings, Sarah 


[Stealing] - 


Do. - - 


Stafford - 29ilay 


342 


Mr. Justice Gould 


Royce, John 


Riot - 


Death 


Norwich - 24 „ 342 


Chairman of the 
Sessions. 


Hooker, Roger - 


[Assault] - 


[Fine] 


Hicks'sHall- 11 June 343 


Mr. Baron Smythe 


Ellis, John 


. 


- 


Kingston - 14Aug. 354 


Recorder of Bristol 


Daniel, [John] - 


Stealing 


7 years trans- 
portation. 


Bri^ tol 


^7 „ 


356 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS, 



247 



1767. 702. Criminals. Letters to Judges — coiit. 

Name of Judge 



Name 
of Convict. 



Crime 



!^entence. 



Page. 



Mr. Recorder 

Mr. Justice Yates 
Do. 

Mr. Barou Adams 



McCormick, Mi- 1 Stealing 
chael. 



Pearse, William - 
Williams, Richard 



Keach,Williat 
King, George 



[Stealing] ■ 
[Sheep-steal- 
ing-] 



In Criminal Papers, vol. 1 2, 1766-70, 
Scandrett, Henry 



Do. 

Sir Jno. Fielding, 
Knt. 

Mr. Justice Yates 



Dyde, Jlichael 
Gould, William 



Breare, David, 
Cornelius, Lau- 



Killing two 
geese. 



Stealing 
Trespass ami 



Lord Chief Justice 1 

Wilmot I Ilitchin, John, a 

or I I soldier. 

Mr. Baron Adams !J 

Jlr. Recorder - White, Mary 



Mr. Baron Adams Smith, Patrick ■ 
Baron Smith - , Ilarrod, Edward 



Rape 
Stealing 



Baron Adams 

Mr. Serjeant Jeph- 
son. 

Mr. Baron PeiTOtt 

or 
Mr. Justice Yates 

Mr. Justice Ba- 
thurst. 

Mr. Justice Clive 

or 
Mr. Baron Smythe 

Mr. Baron Perrott ' 

Mr Justice Yates 



ashet, Philip - : Robbery 



AjTCS, Charles - I Returning from 
I transpn. 



1 RatcliflFe, Eliza- 
I beth. 



Cornick, Elizabeth 



• Smith, Richard . 



■ Griffith, Henry 



Stealing 



Accessory 
a forgery. 



Rape 



Lord Mansfie 

Do. I Ilobbs, Daniel - I Stealing 



Transportation 



Transportatioi 
Do. 



Death, com- 
muted to 
transpn. 



Death 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Transportation 

[Death] 

Death 

[Death] 
Death 
Do. 



Bodmyn 



Ilicks'sHall- 
Do. 



IGSept. 



14 Jan 
IG „ 



Old Bailey 

Huntingdon 

Chelmsford 

Bedford 

Reading 



2-18 



CALENDAR OF 



17G7. 


702. Crimixals. Letters to Judges 


—cont. 






Name of Judge. 


Name „ . 
of Convict. j '^'■""'^• 


Sentence. 


Where tried 
or confined. 


1 
Date, j Page. 


irr. Baron renott 
Mr. Justice Yates 


I Ilemn.ings.Sarah , Stealing 


Death 


Stafford 


13 June 


.,S 


Jlr. Justiee A.ston 


(ilover, Thomas '. liiot and mis- 
drmeanour. 


Is. fine, and 5 
prisoument. 


Leicester 


25 „ 


113 


Jfr. Baron Adams 


V;nco,.T,ihn,son of Stealing 


Transportation 


Newgate 


2Jnly 


IIG 


ifr. Recorder - 


Goodsoii, Cithe- Kohbery 


Do. 


Do. 


31 „ 


131 


Lord Man:ifield - 


Ilamngton, 
Charles. 


Burglary - 


Death 


Chelmsford - 


l"Aug. 


13G 


Mr. Justice Clivo 


Bosc, William - 


Ilighwav rob- 
1 bery." 


Do. 


Oxford 


18 „ 


138 


^rr, Baron I'errott 


Boys, Kichard - 1 „ 
Boys, Thomas - | ^°' 


Do. - 


York 


3 Sept. 


142 


Mr. Barou Smytlie 


Mar.iux,Mathurin Do. 


Do. 


Croydon 


" „ 


143 


Lord Cliief Baron 

Parker 
and 
Mr. Jnsiice Ba- 

thurst. 


"1 
lllolyoak, David Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Warwick - 


3 „ 


143 


Mr. Justiee Gould 


Hudson, William liape - 


Do. 


Lancaster 


11 „ 


146 


TSh: Baron Berrott 

or 
Mr. Justice Yates 


I Shaw, David - j Riot 


Do. 


Gloucester - 


21 Nov. 


15C 


Jlr. Baron Smythe 


Hali, Arnold, Stealing 
bricklayer. | 


Transportation 
for 7 years. 


Old Bailey - 


20Dcc. 


157 


In Cnminal Papers, vol. 13, 1767-72. 










Jlr.Bceorder - 


Eades, George - 


Stealing 


Transportation 


Do. 


I2N0V. 


2 


Sir J. Fielding - 


Kitson, Mary - 


Stealing a 
"mignonette," 
&c. 


Do. for 7 years 


GuildhalI,West- 
minster. 


14 „ 


4 


Sir .\. I. Klton, ' 
Bart., Bristol. 


Surl.utt, James - 
Oxley, Daniel - 


1 Stealing 


Do. 


Taunton 


21 „ 


G 


yh: r.ecorder - 


Arnold, Rowland 


Do. 


Do. 


Old Bailey - 


» ,. 


C 


In Crhmiial Papers Scotch, vol. 1, 1762-86. 










Lord Ju.-tiee Clerk ^ 


Maeleod, John - 


Stealing a colt 
and calf. ' 


Death 


Inverness 


19Jne. 


"^ 


Do. 


Gordon, John - 


Ilorsc-biealing 


Do. 


Edinburgh - 


31 July 


72 


la Ptfllums, 1765-84. 












Chairman of the Dovle, Michael - 
Sessions. 


Stealing to the 
value of 9./. I 


portation. 


Hicks 's Hall - 




101 


[The petition, and a recommendation to merev, signed, a 
entered.] 


uong others, by 


he prosecutor, ar 


e here also 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



249 



17G7. 



703. Ci'JMixALs. Repoets. 
Reports or Certificates of the Judges, kc, on the Cases of Criminals 

CONVICTED. 



Name 


Name 

of 

Criminal. 


Crime. 


Sen- 
tence. 


Where .Condition; 

tried or 1 of Remarks. 1 Date, 
confined. | Pardon. 1 


No. 


In Dom. Geo. Ill, j, 


cl. 79. 














Ailams. 
Riclul. 


Reed, Roljerl 


Killing one 
sheep. 


Death 


Coventry - 


Free ■ 


The jury found the prisoner 
guiltv, contrary to the 
direction of tiie Judge. 


10 Feb. 


7 


(Recorder)'. 


™l!omas 


Stealing o.en- 


Do. 


Bristol - 


U years 
transpn. 


Some favourable circum- 
stances. 


■27 „ 


13 


Rooordcr of 
(J. Eyre). 


:Hiller, John 


Stealing 


7 years 
transpn 


Newgate - 




Not a proper object of 
mercy. Annexed is a peti- 
tion from the prisoner, 
and a recorameudatiou 
from his employei', who 
otfers to take him back 
into his service. 


13 liar. 


a,b. 


Perrott, 
Geo. 


Sawyer, Tlio- 
mas. 


Do. 


Trans- 
portn. 


Gloucester 




Not an improper object of 


20 April 


19 


Recorder of 
Oxford 


Hntton, 
Tliomas. 


Stealing in a 
dwelling- 
house. 


Death 


Oxford - 


It years 
transpn. 


Some favourable circum- 
stances. 


18 May 


■20 


Yates,,!. - 


Hemmings, 
Sarali. 


Shophfting - 


Do. 


Stafford - 




luncxed to the report is a 
loimei letter from Mi 
Justuo Yates relatne to 

1,' , 

ll'uni 1 I 1 1 I't 
i^add, dan h ilj nt tin 
place 01 execution ot John 
Roy(.e,the>orwichiiot. 1 


3 June 


28 
a, b 


Cliairman of 
Sessions 
(John 
Hawkins). 


Rooker. 
George. 


Assanlt - 


507. nne 


Hicks'sHall 




The nil. w 1^ cl onliiiu.n 
It' 11 111 

Otill', II 1 1 111' 
tWOHU It- (htP.ll.^l.K 

ti\clj lithand23uljunc 


17 & 23 
June. 


29 
a,b 


Aston, R. - 


Freeman, 
Tliomas. 


Horse-stealing 


Death 


Co. of Rut- 
laud. 










Do. 


'rd^ard. 


Shccp-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


'f^' 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Do. 


Co. of Lin- 
coln. 










Do. 


Fletcher, 
Thomas. 


Hoi'se-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


14 yrs. 


Some favonralile ciicniu- 


■25 June 


30 


Do. 


Wilton, John 


Killingasheep 


Do. 


Co. of Lei- 
cester. 


!■ trans- 
pn. 


stances. 






Do. 


Greon,Joseph 


Burglary 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Holyoake, 
D.anicl. 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Co. of War- 
wick. 


1 








D... 


Howl, John 


Horse-stealiug 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Haywood, 
John. 


Killingasheep 


DO. 


Coventry - 











250 






CALENDAR 


OF 






17G7. 


703. Criminals. Repoets— co7)f. 


Same 
of. 


Xamo 

ot 

Crimin.il. 


Crime. 

• 


Sen- 
tence. 


-Where C 
tried or 
confined. 


ondition 

of 
Pardon. 


Remarks. 


Date. 


No. 


Bathxirst, J. 
Do. 


Ellisheyn/ws 
Ellershaw, 
Thomas. 

Bolton, Tho- 


Sheep-slealinpr 
Horse-steaUnK 


Death 
Do. 


Lancaster 
Do. 


11 jrs. 
ranspn. 

Do. 


Some favourable circnm- 
stances. 


1 July 


SI 


Do. 


Parr, Peter - 


Felony in re- 
tnrningtrom 
transportn. 


Do. 


Do. 


r ranspn. 
for life. 


1 

J 






Sin.Ttlic,S.S. 


Samuel, Tho- 
mas. 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Hertford - ~ 










Do. 


Hodses, 
Frances. 


Burglary 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Grirawood, 
Thomas. 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Clielmsford 










Do. 


Wai-d, Thos. 


Burglary 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Lord, John - 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Deljart, 
Joseph. 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Hoblis, TYil- 
Uam. 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Cosins, John 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


Uyrs. 


Do. 


„ „ 


32 


Do. 


Pewter, John 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


• ;r^- 








Do. 


Bramblehy, 
William 




Do. 


Maidstone 










Do. 


^S:t.o. 


Highway roh- 
heiy. 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Henry. 


Sheep-stealing 
and burglary. 


Do. 


East Grin- 
stcd. 










Do. 


Sweetman, 
John. 


Burglary 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Greenfleld, 
John. 


Housebreaking 
in daytime. 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Ellis, John - 


Horse-steahng 


Do. 


Kingston- 
on-Thamos 










Hewitt, J. 


James, 
Joseph. 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Winchester 


1 








Do. 


Drew, John, 
alias John 
Ridout. 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


1 








Do. 


"Wright, 


Stealing 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Bowers.John 
o/w,'.- Ed- 
ward Power 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Dawes, Wil- 
liam. 


Eobbery 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Jones, Tho- 
mas. 


Burglary - 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Skinner, 
Moses.* 


SteaUng 


Do. 


Do. 










Do. 
Do. 
Do. 


Brooke. Na- 
thaniel, the 
youneer. 

Cowlins 
alias Cow- 


Sheep-stealing 

1 House- 
r breaking 


Do. 
Do. 


Dorchester 
Exeter - 


1 

Trans- 


Do. 


7 ,. 


SS 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



251 



1767. 



703. Criminals. Reports — coat. 



Where Condition 
tried or of 

confined. P.ardon. 



iSIason, Clias. 
H.irvey, 
Humphrey. 

Hayrnan, 

Thomas. 
Frend alias 

Frind.Johu. 

Cortis alias 
Hutchin- 
son, Geo. 

Evans, John 

Smith, Geo. 

Ayi-es, James 
Manning, 
Richd. 

Smith, Roht. 

Ham, (Jeorge 

Graul, George 



the.S.S Ellis, John 



■) Stealing in 
f dwelling- 
) house. 



Burglary 
Sheep-stealin? 



Burglary 
Horse-stealin? 
Do. 



} Horse-steal- 
ing. 



transpn 
tninspn. 



Xewcastle- 
upon- 
Tyr.e. 

Co. of York 



rco. 



proper object for 



A proper object of mercy 



The prisoner's father,whose " 
character was good, en- 
joyed a tenement by the 
life of his son. 

In some respects the 
prisoner was not so cri- 
minal as others who were 
not brought to justice. 
But the inhumanity of 
pluuderingthe distressed, 
and increasing the cala- 
mities of the imfortimate, 
determined the Judge to 
leave him for execution. 
As there were many c 
mon people in court, the 
Judge took the opportu- 
nity of inveighing very 
warmly against so savage 
a crime, and of declaring 
publicly that no impor- 
tunities whatsoever 
should induce him to re- 
prieve the crimiual. In 
order not to disappoint 
any intended access to the 
Royal clemency, however, 
he sent a week's respite, 
adhering to his declared 
resolution of not repriev- 
ing the prisoner himself. 
The Judge did not recom- 
liiend him for mercy. 



252 



CALENDAR OF 



17G7. 




703. Criminals. Repouts— 


-cont. 






Judge, &c. 


■ Name 
of 
Criminal. 


Crime. 


Sen- 
tence. 


Where 
tried or 
confined. 

1 


Condition 

of 
Pardon. 


Remarks. 


Date. 


... 


Eecorderof 

Bristol 
tDimning). 


Daniel, John 
labourer. 


Stealing 


7 yrs. 
tr,inspii 


Bristol - 




Annexed to the report is a 
copy of the prisoner's 
confession. 


22 Sept. 


42 


Adams, 
Richd. 


Keec-li, Wil- 
liam. 


Hifshway rob- 
bery. 


Death, 
but re- 
prieved 

by 
Judge. 


Bedford - 


Free - 


A first offence, and pro- 
bably driven to it by ne- 
cessity The Judge^saw 
no objection to the gi-ant 
of a pardon. 




46 


Mr. Recorder 
(Eyre). 


Eady, George 


Stealins 


transjin 


Old Bailey 


Do. 


If the prisoner's ofRcers 
think well enough of him 
to receive him again into 
the service, on that con- 
dition he may be a proper 
object of mercy. 


19 Nov. 


50 


Yates, J. - 


Pen'v,Georjre 
.Williams, 
Thomas. 


1 
)■ Robbery 


[Death] 


New Sa- 


^ 








Do. 


Sclby, Joseph 


Stealing heifers Do. 


Do. 










Do. 


Jenkins, 
James. 


Burglary 


Do. 


Bodmin - 


1 








Do. 


Barrett, Tho- 


Housebreaking 


B. 


Do. 


1 


' 






Do. 
Do. 


?^f,it'or' 

John. 

Goodland, 
John. 


-1 Stealing in a 
} So-u-- 
Housebreaking 


Do. 


Do. 

Wells - 


1 
. U yrs. 


"Some favourable cireuni- 
slnnces," 


U Dec. 


51 


Do. 


Rumpson, 
John. 


Burglary 


Do. 


Do. 










Hewitt, J. 


"t^- 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Exeter - 










Do. 


younger. 


Stealing a cow 


Do. 


Winchester 










Do. 


Woods, Tho- 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


1 
J 









704. Criminals. Pardons, kc. (.sVc also Scotland.) 

Warrants and Letters relating to Criminals Convicted, being Pardons, 
Respites, Szc. 



Nature ! Name of Convict. Crime, 
of Document. i \ 


Sentence. 


Where tried 
or confined. 


Date. ' r.age 


III Criminal Papers, vol. 10, 1760-66. 










To be detained till 1 Miller, John - - 


Transportation 


Ne-n-jrate 


21 Jan. 


3r.G 


further order. ] 










In Criminal Papers, rol. 11, 1761-67. 










To be detained till 


Miller, John 


(As above.) 






319 


further order. 














Commutation to 


Osbourn, Moses - 


Horse-stealing 


Death 


Stafford 


"1 




transpn. for 7 










k, 


320 


Do. do. - ' Greensate.George 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


]!on;er§, Thomas - 


Do. 


Do. 




J 





HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



253 



1767. 



704. Criminals. Pardons, kc.— cont. 



Commutation to 
transpn. for 14 
years. 



Do. 
Pardon 



Commutation to I 
transpn. for 14 
years. J 

Do. do. 

Do. do. 

Do. for 7 years •■ 



Do. 



do. 



Do. for 14 years 



Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Do. 


do. 


Free 


pardoi 




Do. 


Com 


mutatic 


14 


years t 



Do. 
Sheep-stealing | 
Ilorse-stealing i 



Killing a sheep 



1 Hoiisebrcak- 
Stealing 



Harrison, Franeii 



Ormond, David - 
Hanger, Thomas 
Chambers, John, 

alias Bate. . 
Powell, Thomas - 
Pepper, Francis - 

Reed, Roliert 



Bnrcher, \Villiam 
Hearsay, Thomas 
Ashton, William - 
Laws, Samuel - 
Brear,Daniel,a/(as 
James Burroughs 
Cornelius, Law- 
rence 
CoUess, James - 
Park, John 
Scott, William - 
Jlartley, liichard 
liing, Cyprian - 
DaYv, l-dward - 
Lloyd, Klizabeth - 
Sarridge or Sa- 
vidge, Thomas. 
Staplefon, Ben- 
jamin. 
Sealy, Simon 
Harvev, Martha - 
Bnssell, William - 
Grimson, Samuel- 
Hart, Thomas 
Johnson, Ann 
Catt, Ciirteis - 
Surgeon, John - 
Taylor, James - 
Edmonds,^^'illiam 
Lee, Eli.sha,a//as 
Duke, Lee, the 
elder, alias 

John Lee. 
White, George - 
Lee, Sarah 
iMoore, William. 

jun. 
Beldam, John 
Richards, John - 

Mitchell, Dorothy 



Taylor, Richard - Do. 

Woods, Henry - Sheep-stealing 
Phillips, Thomas 0»stcaliug - 



Robbery 



Hor.^e-stealing 
Housebreaking 
Robbery 
Stealing ^ - 
Sheep-stealing 
Housebreaking 
Burglary 
bo. 

Sheep-stealing 
Robbery 
Stealing 
Burglary 

Do. 
Stealing 
Housebreaking 
Stealing 
Burglary 
Stealing 

Do. 

Do. 



Do. 

Maliciously 

shooting at. 
Stealing 



[Death] 

Do. 
Do. 
Do. 

Do. 
Do. 

Found guilty, 
though or- 
dered by the 
judge to be 
acquitted. 

[Death] 



Do. 



r years transpn 
Death 
Do. 



Nottingham - 

Lincoln 
Warwick 
Do. 

Do. 
Northampton 
Coventry 



Winton 
Do. 
Southampton - 

Dorchester - 

Do. 
E.xeter 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
New Sarum - 
Bridgewater - 

Do. 



Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
Horsham 

Do. 
Hertford 
JIaidstone 

Do. 



Do. 

Do. 

Guildford 



Do. 

Gloucester 

Huntingdon 

Bristol 



254 



CALENDAR OF 



1767. 


704. Criminals. Pardons, &c.— 


cord. 






Nature 
ofDocumeut. 


Name of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


^tn^^ i^- 


Page 


Free piudon 


Fawcet, John - 


Breach of trust 
and tiiking 
away a boat 
on the Coast 
of Africa. 


Death 


Old Bailey - 


4 Mar 


331 


Do. - 


Miller, John - 


Stealing 


Transportatiou 


Do. 


16 „ 


333 


llespite till further 
order. 


Basset, Benjamin 


Burglary - 


Death 


Bedford 


18 „ 


334 


Do. 


Connick, Isabella 


Forgery 


Do. 


Lancaster 


4Apr 


33.5 


Commutation to 
transpn. for life. 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


15 „ 


335 


Do. - - 


Basset, Benjamin 


(As above.) 


- 


14 „ 


33G 


Do. - 

[T 


Connick, Isabella 
his was signed by 1 


(As above.) 
r. Conway in the absence of Earl 


Shelbume.] 


30 „ 


336 


Eespite till further 
order. 


Smith, Richard - 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Death 


Co. of Surrey 


^" ,. 


337 


Free pardon 


Sawyer, Thomas- 


Stealing 


Transportation 


Gloucester - 


29 „ 


337 


The law to take 


Smith, Richard - 


(As al 


ovc.) 




5 May 


338 


its course. 














Kespite till further 
order. 


Eoyce, John 


Riot - - 


Death 


Norwich 


29 „ 


338 


Commutation to 
transpn. for 14 
years. 


Hutton, Thomas - 


Stealing above 
40s. 


[Death] - 


Oxford 


20 „ 


341 


Do. for life 


Hemmings, Sarah 


Stealing 


Death 


Staflford 


13 June 


343 


Pardon - - 1 


Osborn, Moses - 
Greengate,George 


1 Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


20 „ 


344 


Eemission of fine 
and imprison- 
ment. 


Eooker, Roger, 
late a Marshal- 
sea Court officer. 


Assault 


50/. fine, and 
imprisonment 
in default of 
payment. 


New Prison, 
Clerkeuwell. 


29 „ 


345 


Commutation to 
transpn. for 14 


Freeman, Thomas 


Horse-stealing 


[Death] - 


Co. of Rutland 






years. 
Do. do. 
Do. do. 


Kemp, Edward - 
Spavold, John - 


Sheep-stealing 
Highway rob- 

Horse-stealing 
Killing a sheep 

with intent 

to steel. 


Do. 
Do. 


Do. 
Co. of Liucohi 1 






Do. do. 
Do. do. 


Fletcher, Thomas 
Wilton, John - 


Do. 
Do. 


Do. 
Co. of Leicester; 


9 
■July 


347 


Do. do. 
Do. do. 
Do. do. 
Do. do. 


Green, Joseph - 
Holyoake, Daniel 
Howl, John 
Heywood, John - 


Burglary 
Sheep-stealing 
Horse-stealing 
Killing a sheep 

with intent 

to steal. 


Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 


Do. 

Co. of Warwick 
Do. -j 
Coventry 







HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



255 



1767. 



704. Cri.min'als. Pardons, kc.—cont 



Nature of 
Documeut. 


Name of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried or 
■ confined. 


Date. 


Page. 


Commutation to 


Ellisliey o/»/s EI- 


Sheep-stealing 


[Death] 


Lancaster 


1 




transpn. for 14 


lershawThomas. 








u 


340 


Do. do. 


Bolton, Thomas - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


rjui) 




Do. for life 


Parr, Peter 


Returniugfrom 
transpn. 


Do. 


Do. 


J 




Do. for 14 years - 


Samuel, Thomas - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Hertford 






■ Do. do. 


Hodjjes, .James - 


Burglary - 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Grimwood, Tho- 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Chelmsford - 






Do. do. 


W.ard,"Thoraas - 


Burglary 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Lord, John 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Debart, Joseph - 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Hobbs, William - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Cosins, John - 


Do. - 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Pewter, John - 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 




3.50 


Do. do. 


Brambleby, Wil- 
liam Henrv. 


Horse-steahng 


Do. 


Maidstone - 






Do. do. 


Wilson, Thomas - 


Robbery 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Haynes, Henry - 


Sheep-stealing 
and burglary. 


Do. 


East Grlnstead 






Do. do. 


Sweetman, John - 


Burglary" ■ 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Greenfield, John - 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Ellis, John 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Kingston-on- 
Thames. 






Do. do. 


James, Joseph - 


Sheep-stealing 


Do, 


Winchester 






Do. do. 


Drew, John, alias 
John Eidout. 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. ^ 1 






Do. do. 


Wright, James - 


Stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Bowers, John,a/!as 
Edward Power. 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Dawes, William - 


Robbery 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Jones, Thomas - 


Burglary 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. for 7 years - 


Skinner, Moses - 


Stealing - 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. for 14 years 


Brooke, Nathaniel, 
the younger. 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


14 

.July 




Do. do. 


Cowling alias 


Housebreaking. 


Do. 


Exeter 


302 




Cowley, John. 










Do. do. 


Haynes, John - 












Do. do. 


ilason, Charles - 


l Stealing - 










Do. do. 


Harvey, Humphry 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Hayman, Thomas 


] 










Do. do. 


Frend alias Frind, 
John. 


U^heep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Cortis alias Hut- 
chinson, George. 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Evans, John 


Burglary 


Do. 


New Sarum - 






Do. do. 


Smith, George - 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 
Do. do. 


Ayres, James - 
Manning, Richard 


}..,.. . 


Do. 


Taunton - 






Do. do. 


Smith, Robert - 


Burglary 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Ham, George 


Horse-steahng 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Jenkins, Thomas, 
of the par. of 
Llanstadwell in 
the CO. of Pem- 
broke, labourer. 


Stealing 


Do. 


Co. of Pem- : 
broke. 


OAug. 


355 


Re.^ipite till further 


Alder, John 




Death 


Gloucester - 




355 


order 















256 



CALENDAR OF 



1767. 


704. Criminals. Pardons, kc—coiit. 






ofSment. U-e of Convict. Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried 


Date. 


Pago. 


Free pardon 


Hew], John - Horse-stealing 


Death 


Warwick - 


aiAug. 


358 


Respite till further 
order. 
Do. - - 


Tearse, William - T 
Williams, Richard J 


Do. 


Launcestou gaol 


2 Sept. 


359 


To be detained till 
further order. 


Sparey, a//as Parry, T 
JoSViUiamor burglary - 
David. J 


Death, but re- 
prieved. 


Stafford 


4 „ 


360 


Do. - 


Keach, - - 


Transpn. - 


Bedford 


10 „ 


361 


Free pardon 


MeCormick, Stealing 
Jlichael. \ 


Transpn. for 7 
years. 


Old Bailey - 


leSept 


362 


Do. - 


Keach, WiUiam - Highway rob- 


Death, but com- 
muted to 14 
years transpn. 


Bedford 


•29 „ 


363 


Sentence to be 


Pearse, William - Stealing 


Death 


Bodmyn 


lOct. 


364 


Commutation to 
transpn. for life. 


AVilliams, Richard Shecp-stcaling 

! 


Do. 


Do. ' - 


2 „ 


363 


Sentence to be 
carried into 
execution. 


Sparey a//a« Parry, "1 
John. 1 

Jones, William or ( 
David. J 


Transpn. 


Stafford 


27 „ 


S66 


Do. do. - 


Daniel, John - - 


Do. for 7 years 


Bristol - - 


» ., 


366 


To be detained till 
further order. 


King, George - [Stealing] - 

! 


Transpn. - 


Newgate 


6 Nov. 


367 


In Crlmvutl Papers, rol. 12, 1766-70. 










Commutation to 
transpn. for life. 
Do. do. 
Do. for 7 years 
Do. do. 


Young, Robert - 

Weeks, John - 
Breare, David - 
Cornelius.Lawrence 


I Robbery - 


Death 


Southampton 


lOFeb. 


' 


Do. for 14 years 


Moore, WiUiam, 
the elder. 


Ilorse-stcaling 


Do. 


Co. of Surrey 


„ „ 


36 


Do. for life - 


Card, Peter 


Felony - - 


Do. 


Do. 


„ 


37 


Kespite till further 

order. 

Do. 

Do. 
The law to take 

its course. 


Vennell, Richard 

Redman, James - 

Jenkins, PrisciUa 

Kittleby alias 

Kittletv, James. 


1 

I Not stated - 
J 


Do. 


Salisbury Spe- 
cial Corn- 


IJan 


50 


Respite till further 
order. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. - 


Basset, William - 

Carter, William - 
Smith, Thomas - 
Cambridge, KathI, 
Field, John 
Hodses, John - 


y Do. 
1 

J 


Do. 


Gloucester Spe- 
cial Corn- 




51 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



257 



1767. 


704. Criminals. Pardons, kc.^cont. 






Nature 
of Document. 


Name of Convict. 


Crime. 1 Sentence. 

1 


Where tried 
or confined. 


Date. 

1 


Page. 


The law to take 


Eclaud, Daniel - 


1 










its course. 














Respite to con- 


Cheer, John - 


VNot stated - 


Death 


Rea.lh,g Spe- 


1 Jan. 


52 


tinue. 








cial Com- 






Do. do. 


Stowcrs, James - 


J ! 




mission. 






Not to be trans- 


Scandrett, Henry 


[Killing two 


Transpn. 


Newgate 


5 ., 


5.3 


ported till fur- 




geese.] 










ther order. 














Free pardon 


Jackson, Mary - 


Stealing 


Do. for 7 years 


London - 1 


9 „ 


.50 


Do. 


Heley, John, a 


-^ Assault and 


1 








Do. - 


constable 
Wright, Henry - 


false im- | 
y prisonraent. 


1 Fines audim- 
r prisonment. 


Hicks's Hall - 


5 Feb. 


57 


Do. - 


Bond, Thomas, 


(3 convic- 










assistants 


J tions). 


J 








Do. - 


Lincoln, James - 


Riot - - 


Death 


Norwich Spe- 


„ ., 


59 














Commutation to 


Baily, William - 


Highway rob- 


[Death] 


Buckiugham - 


1 




14 years transpn. 




bery. 










Do. do. - 


Eolt, John 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. for life - 


Smith, John 












Do. do. 


Smith, William - 


. Do. 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Smith, Joseph - 












Do. for 14 years 


Burraway, Thomas 


Burglary - 


Do. 


Bedford 






Do. do. 
Do. do. 


Rainbow, Charles 
Heai-tsworth, Wil- 
liam 


] Shcep-steal- 


Do. 


Do. 


l„, 


GO 


Do. do. 


Ashbot, Thomas - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Huntingdon - 






Do. do. - 


Wood, Henry - 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Dorman alias Sims 
George. 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Bury St. Ed- 
nuiu s. ^ 






Do. do. - 


Layt alias John- 
son, John. 


Do. 


Do. 








Do. do. 


Smith, John - 


Stealing - 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Allyson, William 


Burglary 


Do. 


Norwich 


- 




Do. for life - 


Royce, Robert - 


Riot - 


Death 


"&iSS!, 


" 




Do. do. 


Crowforth, John- 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 




^ 


Do. do. - 


Fleming, James ■ 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


'" " 


'" 


Do. do. 
Do. do. 


Nobbs, Henry - 
Codner, James - 


}»«■ • 


Do. 


Do, 


, 




Do. do. 
Do. do. 


Vennell, Richard 
Redman, James - 


1 Stealing - 


Do. 


Salisbury Spe- 


-| 


04 










mission. 


■j! )> 


Do. do. 


Jenkins, Priscilla 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


, 




Do. fori 4 years 


Stowers alias 
Durgin, James. 


Do. 


Do. 


Reading 






Do. for life 


Cheer, John 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Basset, William - 


Do. 


Do. 


Gloucester - 






Do. do. 


Carter, William - 


1 






(■,• ; 


05 


Do. do. 


Smith, Thomas - 


(Burglary and 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. do. 


Cambridge, Na- 
thaniel - - 


r felony. 










Do. do. 
Do. do. 


Field, John 
Hedges, John - 


1 Burglary - 


Do. 


Do. 


J 





258 



CALENDAE OF 



17G7. 


704. Celminals. Paedoxs, &c. — cont. 






Nature 
of Document. 


NameofCon™t. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried 
or confined. 


Date. 


Page. 


Commutation to 
trauspn. for life. 


Hazeli, John - 


Hiffhwav rob- 
bery. ' 


Death 


New Sarum - 


10 Feb 


66 


Free pardon 


Basset, William - 


Stealing 


Do. 


Gloucester - 


20 „ 


67 


Do. - 


Martin, Andrew - 


Do. 


Transpn. 


Old Bailey - 


21 „ 


69 


Do. 


Aylesbury, 
Thomas. 


Do. 


Do. 


Abingdon - 


.„ 


70 


Imprisonment re- 
mitted. 


Gould, William - 


Assault - 6s. S<1. fine and 
three mouths 
imprisont. 


Guildhall, 
Westminster. 


27 „ 


71 


Commutation to 
transpn. for 14 

Do. ' do. - 
Do. do. - 


Keene, John - 

Smith, Samuel - 
Dyson, John 


■ Cow-steaUng ' [Death] 
House-break- Do. 


Oxford - - 
Worcester - 




73 


Do. do. - 
Do. do. - 
Do. do. - 


Preston, Thomas - 
Daw, Joseph - 
Kear, alias Caear, 
Thomas. 


Sheep-stealing Do. 
Do. - Do. 


Stafford 
Hereford 
Gloucester - 


'Mar. 




Free pardon 
Do. - 


Breare, David - 
Cornelius, Lau- 


Robbery - 


^ Death, but 
commuted 
to transpn. 
for 7 years. 


Southampton 


5 „ 


74 


Respite for three 
weeks. 


Hitchin, John, a 
solflier. 


Stealing - - 


Death 


Cambridge - 


17 „ 


75 


Commutation to 
transpn. for 14 

IT-. - 


Evans, Richard - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Denbigh 


l,„ 


78 


Smith, Ralph . 


Assault and 
hitrhway rob- 
bt^ry. 


Do. 


Chester 


J 




Kespite for three 
weeks. 


Smith, Patrick - 


Rape - - 


Do. 


Huntingdon - 




79 


Do. do. - 


Harrod, Edward - 


Stealing 


Do. 


Chelmsford - 


19 „ 


SI 


Do. do. - 


Bashet, Philip - 


Robbery 


Do. 


Bedford 


26 „ 


82 


Do. till further 
order. 


Hitchens, John - 


(As above.) 

1 




" " 


83 


Do. do. - 


Smith, Patrick - 


(As above.) 




„ „ 


84 


Commutation to 14 
years transpn. 


Do. 


. 


- 


- 


7 July 


85 


Do. do. - 


IIarrod,a//asHeu- 
rord, Edward. 


Burglary, &c. 


Death 


Chehnsford - 


'• ■•' 


87 


Respite till further 
order. 


Do. - 






- 


28Mar. 


88 


Pardon ; to enlist 
iu a regiment in 
the W. Indies. 


Kitchens, John - 


(Asa 


bovc.) 




" " 


89 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



259 



17(17. 


704. CRnnxALS. Paedons, &c. — cont. 






Nature 
of Document. 


Name of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried 
or confiued. 


Date. 


Page. 


Respite for three 
weeks. 


AjTes, Charles - 


Returning from 


Death 


Reading 


30Mar. 


90 


Do. do. - 


Cornick, Elizabeth 


Accessory to 
a forgery. 


Do. 


Lancaster 


8Apr. 


92 


Do. do. - 


Griffiths, Henry - 


Rape - 


Do. 


Hereford - 


fl „ 


93 


Free pardoa 


Lotta, Stephen - 


Receiving stolen 
goods. 


- 


Greenwich - 




94 


Do. - 


Rutter, Thomas - 


Stealing - 


7 j'ears transpn. 


Old Bailey - 


11 „ 


93 


Respite till further 
order. 


Ayres, Charles - 


(Asa 


3ove.) 




13Apr. 


9G 


Commutation to 
transpn. for life. 


Do. - 


- 




- 


7. July 


96 


Respite for three 


Smith, Richard - 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Death 


Kingston-upon- 
Thames. 


I. 3 Apr. 


97 


Do. till further 
order. 


Basset, Philip - 


[Robbery] - 


Do. 


Bedford 


15 „ 


99 


Commutation to 
transpn. for life. 


Do. - 


- - - 


- - - 




7 July 


100 


Respite for three 
weeks. 


Williams Thomas 


Horsc-stealmg 


Do. 


Shrewsbury - 


16 Apr. 


100 


Further respite 
for three weeks 


Griffith, Henry - 


Rape - 


Do. 


Hereford 


^3 „ 


102 


Do. till further 
order. 


Do. - 


- - - 






■2 May 


102 


Do. do. - 


Williams, Thomas 


(Asa 


bove.) 


. 




\m 


Free jiardon 


Raekley, Elizabeth 


Stealing 


Transpn. . 


Gloucester 
Special Com- 
mission. 


-Apr. 


103 


Do. - 


Scandrett, Henry 


Killing geese - 


Do. 


Hicks-s Hall - 


3May 


106 


Respite till further 
order. 


Benham, John - 


House-break- 
ing. 


Death 


Old Bailey - 


SJune 


107 


Do. for three 
weeks. 


Hemmings, Sarah 


Stealing 


Do. 


Stafford 


3 „ 


lOS 


Free pardon - - 


Benham, John - 


(Asa 


ove.) 


. 


3 „ 


110 


Respite till further 
order. 


Hemmings, Sarah 


(As .11: 


ove.) 


- 


9 ., 


111 


Commutation S to 
transpn. for life. 


Do. - 


- - - 






7July 


111 


Do. do. - 


Benham, John - 


(As a 


bove.) 


- 


9Juue 


114 


Fine and imprison- 
ment remitted. 


Cilover, Thomas - 


Riot and mis- 


1.S-. fine and 5 
mouths im- 
prisonment. 


Leicester 




11.) 



CALENDAR OF 



1767. 


704. Criminals. Pardons, &c. — cont. 






Nature 
of Document. 


Name of ConTict. Crime. 

1 ! 


Sentence. i 


^^f^!::^! D^'te.Page. 


Commutation to 


Cockburn, Mar- 


Forgery 


[Death] 


Neweastle-on- "] 






transpn. for 14 


garet. 






Tyne. 






years. 














bo. do. - 


Foster, John - 


\ Grand lar- 
; ceny. 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. for life - 


Davison, Margaret 






_ 


117 


Do. do. - 


Turner, Margaret 


Do. 


Do. 


York - 


■July 




Do. for 14 years 


Wheatley, Thomas 


] 








Do. do. - 


irasharw, alias Brad- 
shaw, Thomas. 


Isheep.stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. - 


Battersby, John - 


J 










Do. do. - 


Farguson, Ed^-ard 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Westmoreland 






Do. for life - 


Griffith, Henry - 


Rape - - 


Death 


Hereford 


., ,. 


119 


Free pardon 


Nobbs, Henry - Riot - - 


Do. 


N'orwieh Special, 
Commission. 


„ 


119 


Commutation to 


Smith, Tliomas - 










transpn. tor life. 














Do. do. - 


Griffiths, William 












Do. do. - 


Leach, Richard - 












Do. do. - 


Hobbs, Daniel - 


. 










Do. do. - 


Spines, Thomas - 












Do. do. - 


ColUns, Samuel - 












Do. do. - 


Johnson, Henry - 


- 










Do. do. - 


Peck, Mary 












Do. do. - 


Morehane, Joseph 


. 










Do. for 14 years 


Jacocks, Thomas 












Do. do. - 


Collens, William - 




• Do. 


Newgate 


3July 


121 


Do. do. - 


Simpson, James - 


- 








Do. do. - 


Roberts, David - 


- 


i 








Do. do. - 


Harris, John 












Do. do. - 


Williams, Edward 


. - - 










Do. do. - 


Peake, Thomas - 


- . - 










Do. for 7 years 


Wise, Thomas - 


- . - 










Do. do. - 


Bratton, Richard 












Do. do. - 


Hill, John - 


. . _ 










Do. do. - 


Winter, John - 












a)o. do. - 


Pattison, William 












Do. do. - 


Hudson, Benjamin 












Do. do. - 


Smith, Thomas - 


- 


- 








Do. for 14 years 


Harris, WiUiam - 


Sheep-stealing 


[Death] - 


Worcester - 






Do. do. - 


Jones, Mary - 


Stealing 


Do. 


Shrewsbury - 






Do. do. - 


Brooks, Charles - 


Forgery 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. - 


Lewis, Hugh 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. - 


Jones, Robert - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. - 


Williams, Thomas 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. - 
Do. do. - 


Robins, l^hilip - 
Robins, Richard - 


} Burglary - 


Do. 


Gloucester - 






Do. do. - 


Hinton, William - 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. - 


Watkins.John - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Hereford - 






Do. do. 


Smith, Thomas - 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


Do. 


14 


122 


Do. do. - 


Jones, John 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


.July 




Do. do. - 


Hadley, Joseph - 


Cow-stealing - 


Do. 


Stafford 






Do. do. - 


Underbill, James 


House-break- 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. - 


Warburton. Tho- 


"d;. 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. - 


Sparey, a/(a« Parry 


1 












John. 


I Burglary - 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. - 


Jones, AVilliam - 


J 










Do. do. 


Becket, John • 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


Stafford 






Do. do. - 
Do. do. - 


Spaish, James T 
Barrett, William / 


Sheep. stealing 


DO. - 


Reading 


, 





HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



261 



17C)7. 


704. Criminals. Pardons, Szc.—cord. 






Nature ; 
of Document. 


Name of Convict. 


Crime. 


Sentence. 


AVhere tried 
or confined. 


Date. 

i 


Rage. 


Commutation to 


Smith, Susannah 


Burglary 


Death 


Aylesbury - 


1 




transpn. for 14 








! 






years. 














Do. do. 


Alleock, alias 
Hawks, alias 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






• 


H.awkins, John. 












Do. do. 


Hale, George - 


Highway rob- 
bery. 
Sheep-stealing) 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


.Joico, Benjamin - 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Clarke. John - 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Jliller, alias Mill- 
ward, William, 
the younger. 


Housebreaking 


Do. 


Bedford 






Do. do. 


Keech; William - 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Do. 


Do. - 


14 
•July 


124 


Do. do. 


Brown, William - 


Cattle-stealing 


Do. 


Cambridge - i 






Do. do. 


Webber, Richard 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Thelford 






Do. do. 


Reeve, John 


Stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Weeds, Stephen - 


Do. - 


Do. 


T><: 






Do. do. 


Green, John, a/;as 
James Seaman. 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Bunfield, ,Tobu - 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Dr. - 1 






Do. do. 


Studd, William - 


Burglary - 


Do. 


Burv St. Ed- 1 
munds. 






Do. do. 


Brock, Elizabeth 


Stealing 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Stannard, Eliza- 
beth. 


Do." - 


Do. 


Do. 






Do. do. 


Cable, Charles - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Do. 


J 




To be detained till 


Viuce, John 


. 


Transpn. 


Newgate - 


20 July 


12C 


further order. 














The law to take 
its course. 


Do. - - 




„,. - 


Do. 


2.3 „ 


126 


Remission of fine 


Spraugs, .John, 


Conspiracy - 


[A fine.] To 


Co. of Wilts - 


28 „ 


127 


and imprison- 


late of Oakhill, 




stand twice 








ment. 


in the parish of 
Foxfield and eo. 
of Wilts. 




in the pillory 

2 years im- 
prisonment, 
and find 
sureties for 
good be- 
haviour for 

3 years. In 
prison since 
1758. 








Free pardon 


Norbury, Edward 


Sheep-stealing 


Death 


Chester 


29 „ 


129 


Commutation to 


Thomas, Daniel - 


Horse-stealing 


Do. 


Montgomery - 




130 


14 years trans- 




and break- 










portation. 




ing gaol. 










Free pardon 


Doyle, jNIichael - 


Stealing 


Transpn. 


Hicks's Hall - 


6Aug 


132 


Ko to be removed 


Crowforth, John 


[Riot] 


[Death com- 


Norfolk 


7 „ 


133 


till further 






muted to 








order. 






transpn. for 
life]. 








Do. do. - 


Smith, George - 


Sheep-stealing 


Do. 


Wilts - - 


„ „ 


133 


Free pardon 


Do. 




. 


. 


12 


134 



CALENDAR OF 



17G7. 


704. Criminals. Pardons, kc.—cont. 






Nature 
of Document. 


Name of Convict. ! Crime. 


Sentence. 


Where tried 
or confined. 


Date. 


Page. 


Free pardon 


Crowforth, John - 


1 
(As above.) 




,=.., 


135 


Respite till fur-\ 
ther order - j" 


Geodeve,Thomas\ 
Philips, John -/ 


- - - 


Death 


Chelmsford - 


21 „ 


136 


Do. for 3 weeks 


Rose, William - 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Do. 


Oxford 


17 ,, 


■ 137 


Do. do. 


HaiTington.Charlc. 


Burglary - 


Do. 


Chelmsford - 


18 „ 


137 


Do. do. 


Howard, James - 




Do. 


Maidstone - 


23 „ 


139 


Do. till further 
order. 


Harrington,Charles 


(As above.) 


- 


25 ,, 


139 


Do. do. - 


Rose, WilUam - 


(As above.) 




„ ,■ 


140 


Do.for 3 weeks | 


Boys, Richard - \ 
Boys, Thomas - J 


[Highway 
robbery]. 


Death 


York - 


31 „ 


141 


Do. do. 


Maraux, Mathurin 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


Do. 


Croydon 


3 Sep. 


141 


Pardon on condi- 
tion of self- 
tran.spn. for 7 
years. 


Dyde, Michael - 


Stealing - 


7 years transpu. 


Hicks's Hall - 


' " 


144 


Respite for 3 weeks 


Hudson, William 


Rape - - 


Death 


Lancaster 


8 „ 


145 


To be detained tUi 
further order. 


Wythe, Richard - 




Transpn. 


Ipswich 


9 „ 


145 


Respite for 3 weeks 


Pearse, William - 


Felony 


Death 


Launceston - 


11 „ 


146 


Further respite 1 
for 3 weeks - / 


Boys, Richard - "1 
Boys, Thomas - J 


(Asal 


ove.) 




12 „ 


147 


Pardon on condi- 
tion of self- 
transpn. for 7 
years. 


Wythe, Richard, 
of Dennington, 
gentleman. 


" CTime ""'*'" 


7 years transpn. 


Bury St. Ed- 
mund's. 


" " 


147 


Do. for 14 years 


Jeacock, Richard 


Highway rob- 
bery. 


14 years do. 


Old Bailey - 


17 „ 


148 


Free pardon 


Goodsou, Cathe- 
rine. 


Stealing 


Transpn. 


Do. 




149 


Do. - 


Cooper, George - 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


„ „ 


150 


Respite till further 
order. 


Hudson, William 


(As al 


ove.) 




18 „ 


151 


Free pardon 

In Criminal Papc 

To he detained] 
till further \ 
order - -J 


Vinee, John - 
rs, vol. 13, 1767- 

Surbutt, James - 1 
Oxley, Daniel -J 


Stealing 

72. 

Stealing 


Transpn. for 7 
years. 

Transpn. 


Old Bailey - 
Ilchester 


9 Oct. 
6 Nov. 


155 

1 


Do. do. 
Do. do. 


Fades, George - 
Kidson, Mary - 


Do. 
Do. 


Do. 

Do. - 


Newgate - 
Do. 


h.. 


2 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



263 



17(37. 



704. Criminals. Pardons, &c. — cont. 



Name of Convict. 



Page 



Free pardou 



To bo detained " 
till further 
order - 

Free pardou 
The law to take its 



Kitson, Mary 



Stealing 
" Mignc 



a • Transpn. for 
ette," years. 



Fades or Eaden,~j 

, ^'■°;'S<^ . - I Ste 
Arnold or Ar- f 
nott, RowlandJ 



Fades, George - 
Arnold, Rowland 



In Warrant Book, vol. 32, 1766-70. 



Free pardo 



Blowers, Jonathan 
late a llarshal- 
sea Court officer 



Arresting the 
wrong wo- 



Nassau, for the 
Bahama Is- 
lands. 



Newgate 



Fine of 10/.; 
imprisoned 
in default. 



8Ap, 



705. Grants of Offices, &c. 

Warrants, countersigned by one of the Secretarie.s of State, and addressed to 
the Attorney or Solicitor General, to prepare Bills for the King's 
Signature to pass the Great Seal, containing Grants of Offices, 
Licenses to enclose, &e. 



Name. Office, &c. 


Dete. 


Page. 


In Church Book, 1729-82. ' 






Vansittart, Eoliert, LL.B., vice \ Professor of Civil Law in the University of 
Dr. Robert Jenner, deed. Oxford. 


29 June - 


246 


In King's Letter Book, vol. 12, 1765-76. 






Townshend, George Viscount - Lieutenant General and General Governor of 
Ireland. 


13 Aug. - 


134 


In. MUHury Entry Booh, vol. 28, 1763-82. 






Conway, Rt. Hon. Henry Sey- 
mour, Lieut.-General. 


Lieutenant General of the Ordnance, and to 
have the custody of the mansion house 
called the store house, belonging to the 
office of Ordnance, situate without Aldgate 
near London, and the custody of the 
garden commonly called the Artillery 
Ground. 


20 ,, 


191 


In Warrant Book, vol. 31, 1765-69. 






Wilkinson, Montagu, Esq. 


Grant of office of one of the Clerks of the 
Signet in reversioi. 


20 March - 


15G 



264 



CALENDAR OF 



705. Grants of Offices, &e. — cont. 



St. John's College iu the Ur 
versity of Oxford. 



Archbisllop of Canterbury 



Ilolraan, otherwised Iloman, 
Thomas, convicted of murder 
of Jlichael Bath. 

Cottrell, Stephen, Esq., vice 
William Sharp, Esq., deed. 



Gray, Dame Hester 



Mansfield, William Lord, Chief 
Justice of the King's Bench, 
vice Charles Townshend,Esq., 
deed. 



Licence to hold in mortmain lands, &c., 
beyond -what they are enabled at present, 
to "the value of 800/. a year. 

Licence to unite the rectory of Tatching and 
the vicarage of Terringan. 

Free pardon. His sentence had been pre- 
viously commuted to self-transportation for 
life. 

Grant of the office of one of the clerks of the 
Privy Council. 

Licence to enclose a highway and bridleway 
iu the parishes of Barham, Kingstone, and 
Womenswold, in the co. of Kent. [For her 
petition, and a reference to the Attorney or 
Solicitor General for report thereon, see 
Petitions, 1765-84, p. 98.] 

Chancellor of the Exchequer 



Do. 



do. 



Grafton, Augustus Henry Fitz- 

roy, Duke of. 
North, Lord. 

Towushend, Thomas, juu., Esq. 
Onslow, George, Esq. 
Campbell, Pryce,. Esq. 

The same, with exception of 
Mr. Townshend, and addition 
of— 

Jeukinson, Charles, Esq. 

Ill Warrant Booh, vol. 32, 17 

Lacy, John, of OUington, iu 

the CO. of Kent, labourer. 

Seott, John. Esq. - --1 

lirumell, George, Esq. -J 



Do. do. 

Under-Treasui'er of do. 
1 



! CommiBsioners for executing the office of 
( Treasurer of the Exchequer. 



66-70. 
Free pardon for 



irant of office of water-bailiff of the Thames 
between the Great Bridge of Staines and 
the head of the river. [For their petition, 
and the Attorney General's report thereon, 
see Dom. GVo. ///., pel. 79, No. 4 a, b.] 



Ans 


h. 


utz, Valentine, 


of the 




•is 


1 of St. Giles, 


West- 




ns 


er, clockease and ea- 


bii 


pt 


maker. 




Hah 


1, 


■rederick, of the 


parish 


(.f 




I'auU Covent Garden, 


i.;i 




maker. 




Win 


in 


js Nicholas, 


•.f the 




■i- 


, of St. Andre^i 


, Hoi- 


bo 


■n, 


ironmonger, &c. 





7 April 

16 June 
29 „ 

27 Aug. 



Sept. - 



22 Jan. 

23 „ 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



265 



1767. 705. 


Grants of Offices, &c. — cont. 






Name. 


Office, &c. 


Date. 


Page. 


Saraler, Harman, of the parish 








of St. Ann, Black Friars in 








the city of London, sugar 








baker. 


■Free denizens of Great Britain 


2r, Feb. - 


91 


Sporman, Frederick William, 








of the parish of St. Marj-, 








AVhitechapel, sugar refiner. 








Deichman, George, of the parish 








of St. Andrew-hy-the-Ward- 








robe in the city of London, 








sugar baker. 








Kuies, Andrew, of the parish 








of St. John, Wapping, sugar 








refiner. 








(All aliens born.) 


J 






Jouvencel, Peter Cuchet, Esq., 


Grant of the office of one of the Clerks of the 


C April - 


105 


on surrender of Frederick 


Privy Seal, and Itegister of the Court of 






Hervey, Esq., now Bishop of 


Requests. 






Cloyne. 








Warmly Company, in the parish 


Do. of charter of incorporation. There are 


24 „ 


108 


of Siston in the co. of Glou- 


also entered "Heads of clauses, powers. 




to 


cester, for manufacture of 


regulations, and restrictions to be inserted 




117 


copper and brass. (Norborne 


in" the Charter."* [The petition from the 




and 


Lord Botetourt, the fii-st 


Company, with a copy of the heads of 




15.5 


Governor, and W. Champion, 


clauses, to which is added a list of the 




to 


Esq., the first Deputy Go- 


first Governor, Directors, &c., is in Dom. 




163 


vernor and Treasurer.) 


Geo. III., -pel. 79, No. 17.] 






Southwell, Edward, Esq. 


Licence to enclose a road in the tything of 
Kingsweston in the parish of Henbury, in 
the CO. of Gloucester. 


28 May - 


128 


Townley, Richard, of Poelfield 


Grant of the office of writing to the Great 


2 June - 


131 


in the co. palatine of Lan- 


Seal all presentations to advowsons, &c. in 






caster, vice William Greaves, 


H.iM.'s donation (except archbishoprics 






of the Inner Temple, Esq. 


and bishoprics). 






ilorin, John, Esq. 


Grant of the office of one of the Clerks of the 
Signet in reversion. 


11 Sept. - 


15.3 


Gloucester and Edinburgh, 


Keeper and Lieutenant of Windsor Forest, &c. 


8 Dec. - 


171 


lI.E.n. William Henry, 








Duke of. 








Johnson, Charles, Geut., and 


Licence to have a market every Tuesday, 


22 


17C 


heirs. 


Thursday, and Saturday, for buying and 
selling undressed skins of sheep and lambs, 
in a place called Mulberry Garden, <ir the 
Lay Stall, in the parish of St. George the 
Martyr, adjoining Dirty Lane and near 
Blackman Street, in the co. of Surrey. 







* Petitions against the grant of this charter were presented by the following : — . 

The Societies of the city of London of and for the Mines Royal and of and for the Mineral and Battery 
Works ; Thomas Paiten and Co., of Warrington, copper and brass manufacturers ; the Master, &c. of 
the art or mystery of Pinmakers in the city of London ; the Corporation of the city of Gloucester in 
council assembled ; several manufacturers of pins in the same city ; Charles Roe and Copper Company 
of Macclesfield [names of the partners occur]. They are all to be found in Dom. Geo. III., v. 6, pp. 2, 
9, 16, 19, 20, and 31. These petitions were presented before the bill above was signed, and therefore the 
matter was again referred to the Attorney General, who a second time reported favourably to the grant 
of the charter. Accordingly, a second warrant, &c. was issued to prepare a bill (as above, p. 155), which 
is also entered in this volume of the Warrant Books. 



266 



CALENDAK OF 



17G7. 



706. IXVEXTIONS. 

WAiiRAXTS, ackb-essed to the Attorney aud Solicitor General, to pix'ijare 
Bills for the King's Signatxire to pass the Great Seal, granting " the 
sole use and benefit " from Inventions for a period of 14 years in England, 
Wales, and the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed, and also (in some cases) in 
the Plantations and Colonies abroad, according to the Statute. 



Inventor's Name, &c 



re of Inventiou. 



Page. 



la Ifarrant Booh, vol. 31, 1767-69, 
Donues, John, of the parish of 
St. Leonard Shoreditch, in 
the CO. of Middlesex, watch- 



iker. 



Higgins, Bryan, of Chancery 
Lane, doctor of physic. 



S^iiin, John, of ^ 
Shadwell, in the c 
dlesex, shipwright. 



Stokoe, Thomas, of Sisson's 
House, in the parish of 
lleworth, in the co. of Dur- 
ham, viewer of collieries. 



Bissy, Stephen Baron de, of 
Princess St., Leicester Fields, 
in the co. of Middlesex, Gent, 
[younger son of John Baptist 
Count de Bissy, of Tortona, 
in Lombardy. He had passed 
through all the stations of a 
mariner, from a common sea- 
man to a commander of ships 
of force] . 

Fought, Henry, of Sahsbury 
Court, Fleet St., in the city 
of London, Gent. 



Laycock, Thomas, of Great 
Windmill St., in the parish of 
St. James, Westminster, 
coach joiner. 



A deepening tool for deepening clock aud 
watch wheels. [For his petition, and the 
usual reference to the Attorney or Solicitor 
General for report, see Petitions, 1765-84, 
p. 58.] 

An oil lamp made to represent a candle and 
candlestick of any convenient figure. [For 
his petition, &c. see Petitions,^ 765-84,p. 88.] 

A machine to get a rope ashore from a ship 
in distress, to convey persons, &c. from 
and to such ship, to provide escape in case 
of fire, &e. [For his petition, &c., see 
Petitions, 1765-84, p. 91.] 

Machine for drawing coals, stone, &c. ii-om 
collieries aud coal pits, and other shafts, to 
bank, aud conveying the same any distance, 
with or without a wagon-way. [For his 
petition, &c., see Petitions, 1765-84, p. 96.] 

An oar, new in coustruction and substance, 
and different machines and appurtenances 
for applying the same to sailing and rowing 
vessels. [For petition, affidavit, and usual 
report, see Dom. Geo. III., pel. 79, 43 
a, b, and c. His petition is also entered, 
see Petitions, 1765-84, p. 107.] 



Art and method of making types for printing 
music notes as well as is at present done by 
engraving. [For petition, &c., see Petitions, 
1765-84, p. 112.] 

New kind of window blind for coaches, &c. 
to exclude sun and rain, and admit a free 
current of air. [For his petition, &c., see 
Petitions, 1765-84, p. 114.] 



In Warrant Book, vol. 32, 1766-70. 
Hopkins, John, of the city of 

London, druggist ; 
Becket Thomas, and 
Henderson, Christopher, of the 

same place, merchants. 



caUed Beaumc de Vi( 



April 



29 Sept. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



267 



1767. 



706. Inventions — cont. 



Parkinson, Janies, of the city of 

London, scrivener. 
Shcrratt, John, of the same place, 

notary public. 



JIayfield, Matthew, of Sutton in 
Ashfield, in the co. of Notts, 
framework-knitter. 

Unwin, Samuel, William, and 
Samuel the younger, of the 
same place, hosiers and part- 
ners. 



Delaval, Thomas, of Seaton 
Delaval, in the co. of North- 
umberland, Esq. 



Long, Thomas, of Mitcham, in 
the CO. of Surrey, calico 
printer. 



xley, Joseph, of Floddan, in 
tlie CO. of Northumberland, 
[barley miller] . 



Clunie, Alexander, of Thames 
St., London, -wharfinger. 

Thuvois, Peter, of Moorfields, in 
the CO. of Middlesex, Gent. 



Buncombe, John, of Ludlow, in 
the CO. of Salop, mathemati- 
cian. 

Pohle, Joseph, of the same 
place, engraver. 



Brodie, Alexander, and 

Williams, Richard, 

both of parish of St. Cle- 
ment Dane's, in the co. of 
Middlesex, Gents. 



Nature of Invention. 



fA machine for writing two or more copies 
of any writing on parchment or paper, 
exactly similar in figure and shape, and at 
one and the same time, " which would he 
of great dispatch to public business in the 
various departments under our Govern- 
ment." 

Certain hfting hooks, fixed in a presser upon 
springs (in slots) placed upon a stocking 
frame in a manner entirely new, for open 
work, mitts, handkerchiefs, aprons, &c. 
[For report of the Attorney General and 
their petition, see X>o»i. Geo. III., v. 79, 
No. 1 a, b. The grant of the patent was 
opposed by a certain Thomas Morris, and 
his son John ; but the report is in favour 
of the petitioners.] 

A means of making kelp by burning sea- 
weed at all seasons of the year, wet, imme- 
diately after being cut from the rocks or 
di'iven upon the shore. [For petition, aifi- 
davit, and usual report, see Soni. Geo. III., 
pel. 79, No. 5 a to c] 

A machine for blotching, prinliug, mixing, 
and variegating with copper plates, purple 
and red, and red and black colours, on cali- 
coes, cottons, and all other kinds of " whit- 
ster'd " linens, for furniture, garments, and 
handkerchiefs. [For petition, affidavit, and 
usual report, see Dom. Geo. III., pel. 79, 
No. 8 a to c] 

A machine or water-wheel for di-iiwing coals, 
or for other purposes, by water, which also 
coimterbalances ropes. [For petition, affi- 
davit, and usual report, see Do7n. Geo. III., 
pel. 79, No. 10 a to c] 

A machine for working cranes used in land- 
ing goods from vessels, &c. [For their 
petition, affidavit, and usual report thereon, 
see Dom. Geo. III., pel. 79, No. 12 a toe] 

fA machine for turning spits for roasting 
meat which will go for six hours and 
upwards without winding up. On an 
enlarged plan the same machine will draw 
and raise water out of mines. [For peti- 
tion, affidavit, and usual report, see 
Dom. Geo. III., pel. 79, No. 20 a, b.] 

An instrument for measuring standing timber. 
[For petition, affidavit, and usual report, 
see Dom. Geo. III., pel. 79, No. 21 a, b.] 

fA new method of making fire-stoves and 
I registers, remedying most of the imperfec- 
tions and inconveniences heretofore attend- 
ing them. [For petition, affidavit, and 
usual report, see Dom. Geo. III., pel. 79, 
No. 22 a to c] 




4 Jlay 



268 



CALENDAR OF 



17G7. 



706. Inventions — cont. 



Hanly, Ileury, 
Davies, Thomas, 
Dorila, Andrew, 



Bowen, Samuel, of the province 
of Georgia, in America, mer- 
chant. 



Cobb, William, of St. Clement 
Danes,in the CO. of Middlesex. 



Dominiceti, Bartholomew, of 
Chelsea, in the co. of Middle- 
sex, doctor of phjsic. 



Ilayne, Richard, of Ashhcm, in 
the CO. (if Derby, Esq. 



Smith, Joachim, of tht 
of St. Giles, in the 
Middlesex, Gent. 



Berlienhout, John, Gent. 



iV new method of making velvet, shag and 
brocaded silk, plain, cut, figured, and in 
gold and silver, upon a stocking frame. 
[For petition, affidavit, and usual report, 
see Dom. Geo. III., pel. 79, No. 23 a to c] 

A method of preparing sago, vermicelli, and 
soy, from plants growing in Ameiica. [For 
petition, affidavit, and usual report, see 
Dom. Geo. III., pel. 79, No. 28 a to c] 

A uiacliine whereby immense quantities of 
fish may be taken. [Petition, affidavit, and 
Attorney General's report thereon, see Dom. 
Geo. III., V. 79, No. 28 a, b, c, ; and the 
petition also in Dom. Geo. III., v. 6, p. 8.] 

Method of making the arbitrarily heated and 
medicated baths, pumps, and stoves, both 
moist and dry, and a variety of fumigations 
from herbs, seeds, &c., and an infinite 
variety of machines for applying the above 
to the human body. [His petition, see 
Dom. Geo. III., v. 6, p. 34.] 

A mill that may be set up and conveniently 
worked in any small room, as well for 
grinding corn, &c. as for preparing uten- 
sils and materials used in divers manufac- 
tories. [His petition, &c., see X'om. Geo.///., 
V. 6, p. 38.] 

A composition to preserve the bottoms of 
ships, &c. from being eaten into or honey- 
combed by worms or other insects. [His 
petition, &c., see Dom. Geo. III., v. G, 
p. 41.] 

A method of dyeing, flowering, colouring, or 
marking playing cards, so as to render 
packs distinguishable. [His petition, sec 
Dom. Geo. III., v. 6, 49.] 

A method of and machine for making starch 
from other ingredients than wheat, wheat 
flour, pollard, bran, or potatoes. [His peti- 
tion, S;c., see Dom. Geo. III., v. C, p. 48.] 



May 



707. Licences to Plead. 



Name of Couns. 



On whose behalf 



Page. 



la JJ'anant Book, vol. 31, 1765-69. 

*^°)'^'1°' ;, w",?""' ~|Egremont, Alicia Maria 
(Edward WiUes, | "countess of, and 

An'^bL'c^arles.Esq., f Eg^mont, George Earl 
King's counsel. J 



of, an infant. 



Chancery 

pre 

of Kirkbi 



the Court of 
in regard to 
to the living 
vcrblows. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



269 



1767. 


707. Licences to Plead— coh^. 






Name of Counsel. 


On whose behalf. Cause, &c. | 


Date. 


Page. 


Norton, Sir Fletcher, 
Knt., King's coun- 


Sbirel, John, Gent. 


Assault 


19 May - 


174 


Do. - - 


James, William, Gent. - 


Perjury 


„ „ 


175 


Do. 


Smith, Thomas, of the 
city of London, banker. 


Do. - - - 


.30 June - 


189 


Do. - 


Hawkins, Francis, and 
Nicldess, Daniel. 


} -■ - ■ ■ 


8 July - 


191 


Davy, John, Esq., 
seijeant-at-law. 


Guest, William - 


Traitorously diminishing the 
current coin of the realm. 


IS Aug. - 


195 


Attorney General 
(W. De Grey, 
Esq.) 


rCholmeley, John, Esq., 
\ Hopkinson, John, Esq., 
[Nidd, George. 


I Appeal to the House of Peers 


2.3 Nov. - 


217 


Ill Warrant Book, 


lol. 32, 1766 -70. 








Norton, Sir Fletcher, 
Knt., King's coun- 
sel. 


Steele, John, Gent. 


Murder on the high seas 


23 Feb. - 


90 


Nares, George, Esq., 
serjeant-at-law. 

Davy, -William, and 

Burland, John, Esq., 

serjeants-at-law. 

Tluirlow, Edward, 

Esq., King's coun- 


Freeman, John, the 
younger, of the par. 
of St. Peter in Droit- 
wich, in the CO. of 
Worcester. 

1 Jlace, William, and 
1 Weston, Henry, 
f Excise and Custom 
1 officers. 


Perjury 

1 Assault iu endeavouring to 
[ secure apareel of run goods. 


3 March - 
6 „ 


96 
97 


Nares, George, Esq., 
serjeant-at-law. 


Conibere, George 


Trespasses, contempts, &c. 
Tried at Gloucester. 


20 


100 


Burland, John, Esq., 
serjeaut-at-law. 


Andrews, Ely, late mayor 
of the borough of Ax- 
hridge. 


Misdemeanoiu-s in his late 
office of mayor. 


27 „ 


101 


Attorney General - 


Downing, Dame IMar- 
garet, widow and relict 
of Sir Jacob Gerard 
Downing, Bart. 


Cause in the Court of Chancery 
as to the erecting, &c.,ofthe 
college in the University of 
Cambridge. 


6 April - 


1(13 


Attorney and Soli- 
citor General. 


United Company of Mer- 
chants of England 
trading to the East 
Indies. 


Against petition of Admiral 
Cornish and other officers 
for the booty taken at Pon- 
dicherry, Kerrical, and other 
forts on the Coromandel 
coast. 


15 May - 


12G 


Norton, Sir Fletcher, 
Knt., King's coun- 
sel. 


Fricker, William, of the 
parish of St. Leonard, 
Shorediteh. in the co. 
of Middlesex, bleacher. 


Nuisance 


2.3 June - 


139 


Davy, Serjeant, 
Burland, Serjeant, 
Thurlow, Edward, 
Esq., King's counsel 


1 Rainforth, Oliver, of 
Malmesbury, in the 
r CO. of Wilts, Excise 
J officer. 


Assault 


17 July - 


142 



270 



CALENDAR OF 



1707. 


707. Licences to Plead — cont. 






Name of Counsel. 


Ou whose behalf. 


Cause, &c. 


Date. 


Page. 


Norton, Sir Fletcher, 
Knt., King's coun- 
sel. 

Harvey, Eliab, Esq., 
King's counsel. 

Perryn, Richard, J 
Esq. 1 

.Norton, Sir Fletcher, 
Knt., King's coun- 
sel. 

Do. - 


~{ Strock, John, 
1 Lyon, John, and others 
( (Kingston-upon- 

J Thames). 

Ilesketh, Fleetwood, Esq., 
Patten, Thomas, Esq., 
Weld, Edward, Esq., 
Standen, James, Gent. 

Le-Cointe, John Robert 

Smith, Benjamin, of 
Rotherhithe, in the co. 
of Surrey, mariner. 


i. Misdemeanour 

Information against them in 

■ the Court of Chancery for 

the Duchy, &c. of Lancaster. 

Cause in the King's Bench - 
Forgery - . . . 


28 July - 
27 Aug. - 
26 Nov. - 
3 Dec. - 


148 

150 

167 
169 



708. Licence to Print. 
Warrant granting the sole right to print, publish, and vend the work 
for the term of 14 years, Avithin H.M.'s dominions. 



specified, 



Name of Publisher 



Title of Work. 



Page. 



Li Warrant Book, vol. 31, 1765-69. 

Almon, John, of the city of 1 The Military Register 
Westminster, bookseller. 



709. Ordnance. 
Warrants, &c. addressed to the Master General of the Ordnance, during the 
year 17G7, for the issue of Arms, Ajimunition, and other Stores to 
the various Regiments, &c., are to lie found in the Ordnance Entry Boohs, 
vols, for 17C0-76, and for 1701-7-5. They are not, for the most part, of 
sufficient importance to merit individual description, hut among them are 
the followino- : — 



For whom and what purpos 



/;; Ordnance Entry Book, vol. for 1760-76. 

To cause a proper person to inspect the arms of the Hertfordshire Militia 

To order the repairs of old and supply of new gun carriages, necessary in cou- 
sequeuce of the alteration made by His Majesty's order, to the Emperor of 
Morocco's frigate, the "Tyger," now lying at Plymouth. 

To pay such bills for printing the observatlous made at the Royal Observatory at 
Greenwich as shall be certified by the Council of the Royal Society, pro\-ided 
they do not exceed 60/. for one year. [Entered also in Ordnance Eiitri/ Book, 
vol. 1761-75, p. 144.] 

The Tower guns only to bo fired immediately fired, ou the occasion of Her 
Majesty's delivery of a Prince, this day about noon. 




Page. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



271 



1767. 



710. Packet Boats. 
Letters from the Secretaries of State's Offices relatino- to the Packet Boats. 



To whom directed. 


For what purpose. 


Date. 


Page. 


In Dom. Entry Booh, vol. 24, 


1765-79. 






Agent at Dover (Edmund Bar- 
ham, Esq.) 


To detain the Calais packet boat (o sail this 
uight, till the arrival of Hanbury Potter, 
one of 1I.M.-S Messengers, with despatches 
for the Earl of Kochford. 


3 July - 


139 


Do. - - - 


A packet boat or other proper vessel to sail 
fi-om Calais with the hearer, Wm. North, 
one of the King's Messengers. 


16 Sept. - 


153 


Agent at Holyhead 


A similar boat to Ireland for Joseph Hinde, 
one of H.M.'s Messengers. 


13 Oct. - 


1.5fi 


Do. 


Do. do. for .John Garstin, one of H.M.'s 
Messengers. 


r. Nov. - 


158 


Agent at Dover 


To transmit regularly lists of persons who 
pass and repass through Dover to and from 
Calais and Ostend. 


19 „ 


159 


In Letter Book (Secretaries') 


1766-71. 






Agent at Harwich 


To detain the boat carrying this night's mail 
to Holland till the ai-rival of a messenger, 
to be despatched from H.M.'s German OfBce 
this evening. 


20 Nov. - 


15 


III Letter Book {Secretaries') 


1766-68. 






Henry Potts, Esq. 


To detain the New York mail appointed for 
to-morrow till further orders. 


22 May - 


20 


Do. 


The same to sail with the enclosed packets for 
North America. 




24 


Do. 


To detain the West India Mail for this night 
and the New York mail for Saturday 'until 
fiirther orders. 


11 June - 


26 


Do. 


The same to sail with the enclosed packets - 


20 „ 


26 


Do. 


To detain this night's West Indian mail 
and Saturday's New York mail till further 
order. 


9 July - 


28 


Do. 


The West India mail detained, to sail 


11 ., 


28 


Do. 


The New York maU detained, to sail with the 
enclosed packets. 


IS „ 


2S 


Do. 


To detain this night's West India mail till 
Saturday next, the 14th inst. 


12 Nov. - 


.■33 



272 



CALENDAE OF 



711. Paeks. 

Perjiissioks to pas.s through the Park Gates, &c. 

*** The.se are addressed, in the case of St. James's and the Green Parks, to the Earl of 
Orford, and in the case of the Horse Guards to the Gokl Stick in Waiting. 



Extent of Permission. 



Page. 



In Dom. Entry Booh, vo/. 24, 1765-79. 
Barre, Eight Hon. Isaac - ' On horseViack through ( 



Horse Guards 



Ambassadors andMinisters from 
Foreign Princes and States. 



Their coaches to pass and repass through the 
gates of the stable yard and the Green 
Park during His Majesty's residence at 
Eichmond. 




712. Treasury Letters. (No. 1.) 

Lettees from Mr. Wm. Fraser, at Mr. Secretary ConAvay's Office, to Charles 
Lo\\Ticles, Esq., or Thomas Bradshaw, Esq., desiring him to move the 
Lords of the Treasury to cause to lie paid the Bills deawx as under. 



By whom. 


Upon whom. 


For what purpose. 


Amount. 


Date. 


Page. 


In Letter Book {Secrcfari 

■Welters, Mr., H.M.'s agent 
at Eotterdam. 


"«'), 1766-71. 
Davis, Mr. 


Secret scri-ice 


£ s. d. 
222 5 


16 Jan. 


5 


Do. do. 


Do. 


Do. 


72 17 U 


24 „ 


5 


Goodrieke, Sir Johu, H.M.'s 
Envoy Extraordinary in 
Sweden. 


Amyand,SirGeorge 


Not stated . 


4S0 


9 Feb. 


■ 6 


Welters, Mr. (as above) - 


Davis, Mr. 


Secret service 


128 16 


9 April 


10 


Do. do. 


Do. 


Do. 


73 4 


24 „ 


11 


Do. do. 


Do. 


Do. 


136 19 


8 July 


12 


Do. do. 


Do. 


Do. 


73 4 


31 „ 


13 


Goodi-icke, Sir John (as 
above). 


Amyand,SirGeorgc, 
and Co. 


Not stated 


480 


6 Aug. 


14 


Welters, Mr. (as above) - 


Davis, Mr. 


Secret service 


133 6 


13 Oct. 


14 


Do. do. 


Do. 


Do. 


72 17 6 


3 Nov. 15 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



273 



1707. 



713. Treasury Letters. (No. 2.) 

OFFiCii Letters from one of the Secretaries of State to tlie Lords of the 
Treasury, desmiig them " to receive the King's pleasuii;' " for Payments 
Fur various purposes as below. [Particulars of tlie exiiemliture, &c. are 
very frec^uently also entered,] 



In Tn 



To ivliori 



VII Eatr,iB,mk, vol.], 1763-75. 



White, Mrs., -ividow of Kol.ei f 
"White, E.sq., late Consul at 
Tripoli. 

[Her memorial, S;c. aL-o 
entered.] 


munanenieut ot 
from ' deeeaso ol 
the arrival of 
successor, e.\ti 
presents, &c. 


allowance for 
the consulate, 

her husband till 
Mr. Fraser, his 
aordinaries for 


Crui.se, Siniou Peter, Briti^^li 
nierch.iut at Al^ricrs. 


^iMuii^'.'mcnt of th 
frfini .fanuarv 
arrival of i\l"r 


c consulate there 
28, 1762, till 
Bruce, end of 



•Desmaretz, Col, Peter, 
Frazer, Capt. Andrew, 
lI.M.'s Commissaries 
Dunkirk. 

Br 



own, Mr. George, 
n the Karl of Sh 
)ffice. 


1st clerk 
elburne's 


I'resents to he srut to the Dey of 
Algiers, as is usual on the ap- 
pointment of a new consul (Hon. 
Archibald Fraser Campbell). 


MO 


Do. do 






I'resents to the Southern Indians - 


200 


un, Major Gener 


1 




Contingencies 


"(a 



Ir« 

Brown, Mr. George 
Do. do. 

I'ictet, Col. Jami's 
Brown, Mr. George 



Dick, John, Esq., H.M.'s. 
sul at Leghorn. 



Forbes, Jlr. (empowered by Duke 
of Richmond). 

Usual present to the Barbary States 
on setting out of a new consul ' 
(Edward Barker, Esq.) 

Services at Geneva 

Disbursements by Capt. Robert 
Hodgson for maintenance, &c. j 
of the Mosquito Cacique [Indian | 
chief], General Tempest, his 
attendant, Capt. Pindnr, and 
servants. 

For utteiulance on the Morocco 
Ambassador, and acting as intiM- 
preter, S;e. 

Postage of letters from 1 July 1763 
to end of Jan. 1766. 



500 
4.S9 6 



274 



CALENDAR OF 



176/ 



713. Tkeasury Letters — cont. 



To whom. 


For what. 


Amount. 


Date. 


Page. 


Irwin, Major Gcnl. - 


Release, maintenance, and clothing 
of the "l^itt's " crew, wrecked ou 
the coast of Jlorocco. 


il S. (.'. 

ir,5 4 10 


10 July 


:209 


Bruwn, Mr. George (bill 
.Irawn ou, bv Commodore 
Spry). 


Carr} ing on the King's service with 
the State of Algiers. 


jou 


-5 Sept. 


•J\2 


named Aga, Ambassador 
ironi the liasliaw of Tripoli. 


Passage nioucj' from Trijioli to 
Gibraltar. 


iG'.i \-i i; 


14 Nov. 


■213 


Logie, Alexander, Es(|., In- 
terpreter of Oriental lan- 
guages, vice Jaime Arbona, 
deceased. 


Annual allowance 




1 Dec. 


a 14 



714. Writs of Error. 
AVrits of Error, letinnahle in Pai-liami'iit, i)i'titioueil fur and allowed. 



Xamcs of Petitioner; 


' 


Names of Respondents. 


Date. 


Page. 


I„ Uoin. Gen. III., vol 


(i, 1767-8L 








Powler, John, and 
Jopling, Robert 




1 Ward, George 


- 


3 June - 


G 


llaunntli, Jolui 




/Smith, Abel, and 

jPayncRene - - - 


-} 


22 „ 


1.3 


B<mike, Michael 




Dalrymple, James, Iv-q. 




-^ ,< 


14 


Rybot, Fras. - 


- 


r Smith, Abel, and 
1 Payne, Rene 


-} 


2-, „ 


14 


Cornel)s, Teresa 




Bodicoate, Henry 




26 „ 


14 


Wilson, ,Iohn 




Sedley, Sir Charles - 




•. „ 


15 


Alexander, ]!enjn. 




Denny, Jonathan 




,. •. 


1.5 


Ha'.vlings, William 




Dunnage, Thomas, assignee of Brae 
Kennett, Ksq., surviving sheriff of the 
of London. 


kley 
city 


■• •• - 


15 


Rybot, Francis 




Manger, Joshua, Esq. 


- 


■2'J „ 


18 


Hunter, William 




Keavc, Richard, elder and younger 




„ ., - 


18 


Logan, John ^ 




Fuller, William and Thomas 






IS 


Merry, Anthony 




Neave, Richard, elder and yomiger 




3 July - 


22 


Fearon, Peter, and 
Bond, AVm., 

bail for one John Ke 


union. 


1 Glyn, Sir Richard, Knt. and Bart., and 
J Halifax, Thomas 


-} 


,. „ - 


22 


Dclswortb, \Vm. 




r Moorey, John, and 
\ Welch, Wakelin 


.} 




2.3 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



275 



17G7. 714. Writs of Error — c 


mt. 








Xaiiies of I'etitioners. 


Names of Kcsponde 


its. 




Date. 


Page. 


Dennis, George 


Norman, James, Ks.i. 


- 


- S Jnly - 


■>i 


Hall, Thomas, clerk 


Moxou, Thonuis 




- 1 „ 


24 


Tanner, John 


; Smith, Abel, and 
lrayne,Reue 




.} .. .. ■ 


24 


Baille\ , Wni. 


Gibson, Thomas 




- : " - - 


27 


Irwin, Joseph 


r Laue, Thomas, and 
\ Booth, Benjamin 




■}' 


28 


Cohen, Joseiih 


J Kennedy, John, and 
1 Flight, John - 




■} 


28 


Kidin-, John 


/ Heckford, Nathaniel, and 
1 Scarlet, Nathaniel - - 




.} . .. - 


28 


Jackson, Thomas 


Sill, James 




- >, ,. - 


29 


Agus, Joseph - - 


Trible. John, deed., .'xeeulors 
Trible, John Gerard, and \Vi 


of ( Magda 
.. Gny). 


en 1 „ „ 


29 


Cock, Uavid 


St. Clair, I'atriek - 


- 


1 " " 


30 


Stephen, James 


Gibson, Thos. 






30 


Machell, Robert - 


Treves, Pellegriu 


- - 


- „ „ - 


30 


Williamson, Robert au.l John - 


f Lee, Geo., an.l 

1 Ayton, Riehd. and Wm. 




1 


31 


Shepcutt, Kdwara 


Dundass, William - 




'J „ 


34 


Relle, John 


Hodgson, I'eter 


- 




:J'J Uet. 


37 


Frjer, Wni., 
Jackson, Gregory, 
Parmintcr, Saml., 
Luke, Jas., and 
Battersby, John 


Idoo, John 






5 Nov. - 


" 


Surtees, Peter 


Rose, George 


- 




9 ,. 


39 


Chisim, Thos. ami Wm. 


I'epys, Edmund, Kmi. 


- 




„ „ - 


39 


Hunter, Wm. 


Inge, John 






11 ., 


40 


Dorset, Charles Duke of 


Wallis, Matthew, deed,, adn 
(Thomas Jefferies and I'liilii 


inistrators 
Goddard). 


of 


13 ., 


40 


Alexander, Bcnjn., ami 
Levi, Lyon, 

bail for Salomon Hartog 
Wetzlar. 


Iralmer, Thomas and Wm. 






n „ - 


46 


Bird, Thomas 


West, Frances, widow 






2.5 „ - 


47 


Chisim, Thomas and William 


niankcv. Sir Joseph, Knt, 
J Hanke'y, Joseph Chaplin, 
i Hankey, Thomas, the youngei 

Lllall, Stephen 


, and 


1 
-J 




_ 



276 



CALENDAR OF 



715. Miscellaneous Warrants and Letters from the Offices of the 
Secretaries of State. 



To whom directed. 


For whom and what pm-pose. 


Date. 


Page. 


Id Criminal Pa-pers, vol. 11, 


1761-67. 






High Sheriff of Gloucester 


Sawyer, Thomas, a eonnct on hoard a ti'ans- 
port vessel at Bristol, to be received hack 
into the gaol. 


8 May - 


"' 


Mr. Sedoclev, at BiistuI, cu- 
tractor, &c. 


The same to he sent hack 


., ,. 


339 


Do. do. 


Daniel, a convict ou board a transport vessel 
at Bristol, to be sent back to the gaol. 


26 Aug. - 


356 


Keeper of Bristol Gaol - 


The same to be received back - 


., .: 


357 


III Criminal Papers, vol. 12, 1766-70. 






Jlr. Stewart, conti-actor for the 
transports. 


Dye, Michael, a convict on board a transport, 
to be sent back to Newgate. 


U .Tan. - 


54 


Keeper of Newgate 


The same to be received back 




55 


John Stewart, Esq., contractor 
of the transports. 


Scandrett, Henry, a convict on board a trans- 
port, to be sent back to Newgate. 


7 May - 


104 


Keeper of Newgate 


The same to be received back 


„ ,. - 


105 


John Stewart, Esq., contractor 
for transports. 


Hall, Arnold, a convict ou board a transport, 
to be sent back to Newgate. 


31 Dec. - 


158 


Keeper of Newgate 


The same to be received back - 




158 


III Dom. Entrij Booh, vol. 24 


1765-7i». 






Lord Chamberlain 


Elliot, John, Esq., customary allowance of 
plate, &c. to be made to, on his appointment 
to be Captain General and Governor-in- 
chief of H.M.'s province of West Florida in 
America. 


16 IMarch - 


1.33 


Master of the Jewel Office 


To deliver a silver box with His Majesty's 
arms engraven thereon for the use of the 
Earl of Shelburne's office. 


8 April - 


134 


Lord Ciiambcrlam 


Walpole, Hon. Robert, appointed Secretary to 
the Extraordinary Embassy to the Catholic 
King, customary allowance of plate, &c. to 
be made to. 


9 ., 


134 


Governor or Commanding Clficei 
at Plymouth. 


Hadgc El Harbi Mistevi, Ambassador from 
tlic Emperor of Morocco and Admiral of 
hi. Fleet, Ijeiug on his departure for Ply- 
uioutli ou his return home, to be treated on 
his arrival and departure with the usual 
Miilitary honours towards persons of his 
rank. 


19 May - 


130 


Deputy Clerk of the Crown 


To prepare a cony of H.M.'s commission to 
the Hon. James jNInrray, as Governor of 
tjuebee, which passed the Great Seal in 
17(33, to be laid before the House of Lords. 


... 


137 



IIOJIE OFFICE PAPERS. 



277 



1767. 



715. Miscellaneous Warrants, &c. — cont. 



To whom clircctL'd. 



For whom and what pm-pos 



Spry, WilHam, Esq., appointed Captain Gene- 
ral and Governor-in-ehief of Barbadoes in 
j America ; customary allowance of plate, &c. 

^ Trelawuy, SirWilliara.Bart., appointed Captain 
1 General and Governor-iu-chief of Jamaica 
i in the room of William Henry Lyttelton, 
\ Ksq. ; customarj- allowance of plate 

Dawsons, the Miss ; to open and send copies 
of all letters directed to them at Lime Kiln 
Hill, Greenwich. 

Delaporte, Peter ; to open, &c. the letters 
addressed to him at his house in the Curtain 
! [Road], near Shoreditch. 

I Shirle}', Thomas, Esq., apjiointed Captaiu and 

Governor-in-chief of H.M.'s Bahama Is- 

; lands in the room of Lieut.- General William 

i Shirley ; customary allowance of plate, &c. 



Lord Chamberlain 



Postmaster General 



Lord Chamberlain 



ed Aga, Ambassador from 
ipoli, being on his return home, to be 
I received on his arrival and departure with 
i the usual military honours. 

//( Dom. Entry Booh, vol. 25, 1766-7.5. 

Lord Berkley - - - The guns round the line of the Tower to be 

fired in celebration of Her Majesty's birth- 
day, instead of those on the Triumph I>at- 
tei'y, that the ships made fast to the Tower 
wharf, just before that battery, may not be 
damaged by the firing of its gims, or be ex- 
posed to danger by putting off into the 
stream while the river is so full of ice, 

Bowers, Thomas, and Hull, Isaac, suspected 
of having fled with a large sum of mone}- 
belonging to Mr. Edward Payne, merchant, 
of Coleman Street ; to open all letters and 
aiUnit Mr. Payne to peruse them, addressed 
to Mrs. Bowers, pawnbroker, in Bunhill 
Row, near iroorfields, or to Mrs. Hull, in 
George Yard, Coleman Street, near Bell 
Alley, or to said Thomas Bowers or Isaac 
Hull". Also to Mr. Richard Bennett and 
Elizabeth Bennett, cabinet-maker, in Brown 
Street, near Bunhill Row ; j\Ir. Seabvook, 
cabinet-malcer, at the sign of the Oak Tree, 
iu Houndsditch ; and Mr. Miller, cabinet- 
maker, in St. Catherine's. 

The proper person to attend at the investiture 
of H.R.H. Prmce Frederick, first and priu ■ 
cipal Companion of the Bath, with the 
vacant red ribbon late H.R.H. the Duke of 
Cumberland's, on Wednesday the 30th inst., 
at St. James's. 



Postmaster General 



Master of the Jewel Office (Ea 
of Darlington). 



In Military Entr 
Lieutenancy of the 
Loudon. 



-ll Booh, vol. -21, 1760-81. 
the city of i To levy the Jlilitia tax 



278 



CALENDAR OF 



715. Miscellaneous Warrants, &c.—cont. 



To wl.om directed. 


For uhom and what purpose. 


Date. 


Page. 


/;/ Militdii/ Kiitrii Booh. col. 


28, 1763-82, 






Secrctiuy-at-War 


To prepare the papeis (as far as hi'! office is 
concerned) mentioned in the enclosed reso- 
lution of the House of Commous. [The 
resolution is also entered. The required 
papers are,— all orders and instructions 
given to officers commanding in the East 
Indies from 1 Jan. 175fi to 1 Jan. 1763.] 


[4] April - 


188 


Piincipal nfficei- ofth.' Oidnance 


To make a yearlj- allowance of .300/. to Lieut.- 
Geu. Conway, Lieut.-Gen. of the Ordnance, 
in lieu of a house in the Minories alienated 
fnjm the (Office by Kiug (diaries II, 


a Sept. 


192 


Jh JVurnint Tiooh, vol. 31, !7 


(i.-j-6f). 






Deputy Karl JIarslud of England 
(Scarborough). 


Terrott, Sir Richard, Bart, to take rank and 
precedence as from 1 July 1710. 


3 Jan. - 


131 


Treasurer of the Chamber (Right 
Hon. Gilbert Elliot). 


Castle, William, Esq.,— bill for stationery 
allowed. 


5 ,. 


1.38 


Master of the Great Wardrobe 
(Earl of Asbburnliam), or 
deputy. 


Liveries for the yeomen of the guard and 
warders of the Tower of London. 


- Feb. - 


138 


Attorney General 


Troughton, Joseph, indicted for forgery— 
ci-sset processus. [His petition, and a refer- 
ence to the Attorney or Solicitor General 
for report thereon, is entered in Petitions 
170,5-84, pp. 60-G8.] 


20 „ - 


141 
to 
153 


Tieputy Earl Mai>l.L.l - 


Johnstone, William, of Solway Bank, in the 
CO. of Dumfries, Esq., and Frances his wife, 
only daughter and " heir " of Daniel I'ul- 
teney, F^sq., deceased,— to take the surname 
and bear the arms of Pulteney. 


14 March - 


154 


L..rd Cbancellnr (Baron Cam- 
den). 


Willoughby, Henry, Esq., writ of summons to 
Barliament, as Henry Baron Willoughby, 
of Parham. [His petition, &c. is entered iu 
Petitiviis, 170.5-84, p. 47.] 


23 „ 


157 


Deputy l-arl. Marshal - 


Aldworth, Sentleger, Esq., nephew and heir of 
late Viscount Doneraile and Baron Kilmea- 
don,— to take surname and bear the arms of 

Sentleger. 


« May - 


171 


"To all- 


Salvyn, Thomas, Esq.,— licence to enter the 
service of the Emperor of Germany. 


4 July - 


190 


Treasurer of the Chamber 


Castle, William,— bill for stationery allowed - 


3 1 „ 


202 


Langlois, Peter, E.sq., Maj(.r 


Licence to continue in the service of the Em- 


Oct, - 


209 


General in the Imperial ser- 


peror of Gerniany. 






Treasurer of the Chamber 


Castle, William, Esq.. -bill for stationerv 
allowed. 


1.5 July - 


214 


H.R.H. I'lince Frederick, ap- 
pointed First Companion of 
the Bath. 


Dispens.ation with the ceremonies of bathing 
and vigils attending it. 


20 Dee, - 


223 


Treasurer of the Chamber 


Castle, William, Esq.,— bill for stationery 
allowed. 


31 „ 


224 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



279 



1767. 



715. Miscellaneous AVarrants, &ic.—cont. 



To whom diicc 



For whom and. what purposo. 



Li n'arrmit Booh, vol. 32, 1766-70. 
Treasurer of the Chamher - Castle, 



E-iq., — hill for station er ; 



Do. 

Deputy Earl Marshal 



Do. 



do. 



do. 



Treasurer of the C'hamhc 
Deputy Earl Marshal 



Radeliffe, Thomas, of Ormskirk, iu the eo. of ' 4 .June 

Lancaster, Esq., and the heirs under the 

will of Nichohis Easakerley, Es(|., deceased, 

as they shall severally come into the estates, 

I — to take the name and arms of Fasakerley. i 

' Rivers, Sir Peter, Bart., licence to take sur- I 24 .Tuly 
name and arms of Gay. 

Licence to purchase tithes in parish of Ilderton, 

I and freeholds and glehe in parish of Bvwell 
I St. Peter, for the use of said hospital. " 

[rastlc, William,]— hill as ahove allowed - j ^3 Sept. 

Bruce, Thomas Bruce Brundenell, Baron, of 9 Dec. 
Tottenham in the co. of Wilts, to take the 
name, arms, crest, and supporters of Bruce. 

i Castle, Vv'illiam,— as ahove - - - 14 Dec. 



716. 



IRELAND. 
Ireland. Creations. 



Kino's Letters, cmiiitev.sio-ne(l li_v one of tlie Secretaries of State, and aiLIressed 
to the Lord Lieutenant or other the Cliief Governor or Governors of 
Ireland for the time being, to cau.se Letters Patent to pas.s tlie Great Seal, 
containino- Grants of Dionities in Ireland. 



Th: 



usual (.Hi.' 
IrclamI, 



A. -126. 

I 



from tlie Lonl Lictitennnl 



Style and Title or Dignity. 



prep.nr 



of 



//( Kiui/s Lcttci 
Ilciwtli, Thomas : 



Booh, rol. 12, 176.5-76 ; and Si;/ net Office, vol. 



Colloony, Charles I'aron of 
I'hipps, Constantine, Esq. 



Hewitt, .James, Esq. 
justices of King's 
Great Britain. 



Ilowth. 
Earl of Be 



B.iron Mulgrave, of Ne 
CO. ofWe.'tford. 



Baron Lifford, of LitTord, 
Donegal. 



Ross, i 
iu the ( 



280 



CALENDAR OF 



1767. 



717. Ireland. King's Letters (Secretary of Statej. 

King's Letters, countersigned by one of the Secretaries of State, and- addressed 
to the Lord Lieutenant or other the Chief Governor or Governors of Ireland 
for the time Leing, to issue out the usual processes for the Appointments 
in Ireland under-mentioned, or to give the necessary directions for other 
purposes. 

*.^* The usual ofliciiil letters from the Lord Lieutenant, desiring ihat these letter.? bo 
prcpareil, will be found in Ireland, vols. 426 and 430. 



1)1 King's Letter Booh, vol. 12, 1765-76; andin Siynct 
Bishop of Cloyne 



Hervey, Frederick, clerk, M.A., 
vice Dr. Eobert .Tohnsou, 
deceased. 



rol. 23. 

2 Feb 



Ecilly, Pierce, native of Ireland 



Cranage, Thomas, of Bridg- 
north, in the co. of Salop, 
forgeman ; and 

Cranage, George, of Colobrooke 
Dale, in the same county, 
founder. 



Meath, Henry Bishop of 

Jones, Theophilus, Esq. 

Dublin, Arthur Archbishop of, 
Cloyne, Frederick Bishop of, 
Ilowth, Thomas Lord, 

vice Jolm Baron Bowes, of 
Clonyon, the late Chan- 
cellor, deceased. 

Cloyne, Frederick Bitliop of - 

I'ptoi), Arthur, K ij. 

Campbell, Frederick,, lOsq. (com- 
monly called Lord Frederick 
Campbell.) 

1 



Tarduu fo 
foreign 



me of entering into 
[His petition is to 
lie found with the Lord Lieutenant's 
letter in Ireland, rol. 426. He was 
sent into the French service at the 
age of 12 by his mother, and conti- 
nued therein 20 years.] 

f Patent in Ireland lor 1 ! \car^ loi the 

I or cast ironuKilloiililr In ;i nvcrliera- 

j tory or air I'ununi- wiih raw pit coal 

1 only. [For their petitions and afii- 

I davit, and report of Attornev 

I General thereoii,sce Dum.Ocn. III'., 

L pel. 79, No. 6 a to c] 

Patent for sole making for 14 years 
(but not sole vending) of oil of 
vitriol and aquafortis. [This letter 
is also entered in ^Ytlrl■(mt Booh, 
vol. 32, p. 140.] 



To be sworn of t 



Covinci 



the Great Seal, 



To be sworn of the 
Do. 



\0^\y, OFFICE PAPEl 



281 



1767, 717. Ireland. Kino's Letters, &c.— 


-cont. 






Name. 


Office, &c. 


Date. 


Pase of 
KniK's 
Let.Bk. 


Si?!' Oil 


Fulton, Robert 


Free pardon for kilhng William Uuiack, 
of Cork, in a duel in 1752. An 
outlawry had been issued against 
him for not standing liis trial for the 


2.5 Sept. - 


137 


302 


Dublin, Arthur Arcbbishop of - 


To be sworn of the I'rivy Council 


t; Oct. 


139 


304 


Annaly, John Barou, t'liief 
Justice of the Court of Kiuf'"s 
Bench in Ireland. 


To supply the place of the Chancellor 
in the Upper House of Parliament. 


13 .. 


140 


305 


Hewitt, James, Esq., one of the 
Justices of the Court of 
King's Bench in England. 


Chancellor of Ireland, vice John Baron 
Bowes, deceased. 


24 Nov. - 


142 


315 


Do. do. 


To be sworn of the Privy Council - 




145 


317 


Clare, Robert Viscount - 


Do. do. 


1 Dec. - 


149 


321 


Howth, Earl of 


Do. do. 


1 S ., - 


149 


321 



718. Irkl.vxd. King's Letters (Treasury). 



King's Letters, countersigned by tlio Lords Commissioners (.if tin.' Trt/asuv}-, 
and addressed to the Lord Lieutenant or other the Chief Ccjxeriior or 
Governors of Ireland for the time being, to give the necessary orders or 
to issue out the necessary processes for purposes as below. 



Fur the Wan-:iiitrs in the Si.^uel Office Books, eoiuiter; 
State, .SCO pi'oeeiliiig list. 



S<H 



of 



III Signet Office, vol. 23. 

Concordatum and other funds overdrawn, — 32,672/. 4s. &iil. to be made f 

Fees fi-om wool licences,— deficiency made good to 4 Oct. 1766 

Ordnance in Ireland, officers of, — 384/. 6s. 6(7. for lodgings for the otiicer 
Eoyal Irish Regiment of Artillery. 

Do. do. 6,570/. for arms 

3,000/. pel 



Gloucester, William Henry Duke of, 
Cumberland, Henry Frederick Duke of, 



nsion each, during 
pleasure, ou the civil establishment 
in Ireland. 



Shroder, Christian, Esq., — 1,000/. per ann. additional pension (having at present 
one of 1,000/. per ann.) from the death of Frederick Ernst, Gent., during 
pleasure, on the same. 

Marshall, Robert, Esq., late one of the Justices of Common Pleas in Ireland, — 
800/. per anu. pension on the same. 



May 



Page. 



282 



CALENDAR OF 



17G7. 



718. Ireland. King's Letters, Sic.—cont. 



For whom and what purpose. 



Armash, Archbishop of,— frrant of tlirec other acres of land in Phoenix Park, 
DnbUn, for the hospital for soldiers' children, on the high ground where the 
foundations are now laid, on surrender of the former grant of land in a lower 
situation. 

Ward, Bernard, Esq., — grant of a lease for 99 years of the strand of Killough, 
in the co. of Down, in Ireland, containing lOU acres or thereahouts. at a 
rental of 5l. a j-ear. 

Clements, Nathaniel, Esq., Deputy Receiver and Paymaster General in Ireland, 
— 12,00.5/. Is. 4hl. allowed on the Vice-Treasurer's account for extraordinary 
expense of forage for the cavalry in Ireland. 

Nevill, Arthur .Tones, Esq., — 1,980/. ."is. ]?,(!. out of revenues at large for ])uhlic 
works carried out by him while Surveyor and Engineer (ienrv:il. and for a 
deposit in the Court of Chancery to obtain an injunction to .'^toi. a suit-at-luw 
against him on account of several public works. The said sum relates entirely 
to civil works executed by Mr. Nevill many years antecedent to the censure 
passed upon him by the House of Commons in relation to the building of the 
barrack .s. 

luc for 



Ordnance in Ireland, officers of,- 
clothing delivered to the Royal 



U. 1 Os. Sf/. to discharge the 1 
sh Regiment of Artillery. 



Surgeon General in Ireland, — 10.?. a day addition to the salary of the late .Toliu 
Nicholls, Esq., while holding this office, to cease from the day of his death. 

Eedneed officers in Sir James Caldwell's late corps of dragoons,— to" be put 
upon the same footing as the reduced officers of dragoons in Great Britain, 
except Lieutenant John Grace, who is to continue at 3.«. "(/. a day. 

Officers of the Ordnance in Ireland, — to apply the sum of 8,778/. 17s. &^il. and 
66.')/. 4s. llirf. tow.ards the discharge of their account, and to pass the wliole 
of their contingent accounts before the Commissioners of Accounts. 

ed officers and soldiers in Ireland,— 6,000/. 

pension of 2,ooii/. 

ieneral in Iieliuul, 
1 for provisions for the pour, 

quipage as Lord Lieutenant of 
:cd of .1,2011/. in the Viee-'l'rea- 



Royal hospital for ancient and 
out of revenues at large. 



runswick and Lnncnberg, Frederick Duke of,— addit 
per ann, in Ireland during pleasure. 



Clements, Nathaniel, Esq., Deputy Rece 
— discharged of O.^l/. .'j.s. 6(/. advancei 



Townshend, George Viscount,— 3,(K)ii/, 
Ireland. 



• and 



Clements, Nathaniel, Esq. (as above) 
surer's account. 



Concordatum and other funds overdrawn,— 4.3,427/. \U. 10,/. to 
good. 


be made 


Officers of Ordnance in Ireland,— 220/. los. for keeping arms one ye 
May 17C7. 


irto 19th 


no do. 1S8/. 17.-'. (■„!. for lodgings for the 
the Roy.al Irish Regiment of Artillery. 


officM-s of 


Wool licences,— deficiency made good to 1 Sth Aug. 1 7G7 


- 



Jephson, Robert, Esq.,— 300/. per ann. pension on the civil establishment of 
Ireland, he having enjoyed since 1765 the pension gr.anted to Edmund Burke 
in 1703, but which ceased when the latter entered the English Parliament. 



HOJIE OFFICE PAPERS. 



283 



1767. 718. Ireland. King's Letters, &c.—con 






For whom and what purpose. 


Date. 


irage. 


Boyle, Bellinsham, Esq.,— to be one of the Commissioners of the Revenue in 
Ireland in the room of Benj. Burtou, Esq., deceased. 


20 Nov. 


1 
- 1 317 


LitFord, James Baron,— 1,000/. equipage as Chancellor of Ireland 


17 Dee. 


- ' .320 


Corporation for carrying on an inland navigation in Ireland,— 2,414/. (is. 11./. 
for completing the harbour of Wioklow. 


20 „ 


- ' 322 



SCOTLAND. 



719. Scotland. Appotxtments, frc. (Great Seal). 



Warrants, countev.signed by i m 
pas.sed under the Seal ai'|i< 
in.siead of the Great Seal 
in Scotland. 



>r the Seeretaiies of State, for Patent ;, \c. t.i lie 
trd hy the Treaty of Union to l.e inade nsr uf 
Scotland, containing Grants of (Jffk.ts, \:c. 



Li Church Booh, Scothnid, 1761- 



Page. 



/;/ Scotch jr< 
liarelay, .h, 



rants, 17G5-7' 
es Robertson, 
lohn Erskine, 



Clerk of the Admissicjn of Nottars 



Chalmers, Mr. Williai 
Dnndce, vice Patrick Yt 
Esq., deceased. 



of I Ordinary Clerk and Keeper of the 1 
Register of Seasines and Keversic 
sheriffdom of Forfar or Angus. 



Stmtl. Jedediah, of the par. 

of lllackwell in the co. of 

Derby, «lieelHri;;lit. 
Wuollatt, \Villiam,dr the same 

place, hosier. 



Blakey, William, of the parish 
of St. Mary-le-Bone, in the 
county of Middlesex, en- 
gineer. 



Morris, Thomas and John, of 
Nottingham, hosiers. 

Betts, John and William, of 
Mansfield in the county of 
Notts, framesmiths. 



Sole use and benefit for 14 years arising from 
their invention of a machine on which was 
fi.'ced a set of turning needles, which ma- 
chine is fixed to a stocking frame, for 
making turned ribbed stockings, &c. [Their 
petition, with the usual reference to the 
Lord Advocate of Scotland, is entered in 
r,liti<ms, 17C5-S4, p. 39.] 

Sole use, &c. from a machine working cither 
by fire or fall of water, or both together, "and 
the friction is thereby reduced so as to have 
no solid bodies to "rub but the injecting 
vapour or watercocks and sluices," appli- 
cable to all sorts of mills. [For the petition, 
&c., see Petitions, 1765-84, p. 51.] 

Sole use and benefit for 14 years arising from 
their invention of a machine on which was 
fixed a set of working needles, which 
machine was fixed to a stocking frame, for 
working of oilet holes, or network, in silk 
thread, cotton, or worsted, as mitts, gloves, 
(S:c. [For their petition, &c., sec Pclilions, 
1711,5-84, p. 102.] 



28 i 



CALENDAR OF 



17G7. 

720. Scotland, Appointmexts (Peivy Seal). 

Wap.raxts, countersigned by one of the Secretaries of State, for Patents to be 
^lassL-d under the Privy Seal of Scotland, containing Grants of Offices 

in Si'iiTLAND. 



Office, &c. 



Ill Scotch IVarrants, 1765-74. 

Ogle, John, writer in Lanark, . Cleric of the CoraDiissari;if of L 
vice Allan Ogle. 



Felfar, Mr. John,i.»-c Mr. David j 
Agnew. I 



Weaver, Kichard, Esq.. 
Robert Brisbane, Esq. 



Felfer, John, f»-<- David Agn 



;coud Under-keeper of II.AL's wardrol 
Scotland. 



Deputy Keeper of the Register of Seasines 
andRevirsious in horongh of Wigtouu. 



Dunbar. Jlr. 'Williara, writer I Clerk of the Commissariat of JIurray 
in Elgin, vice William Grant. 



9 Feb. 
22 May 
4 July 



Page. 



721. Scotland. Church, &c 

WvRR VNTS for Letters of Presentation, frc. tn V>e passed under the Privy Seal 
of Scotland. 



Office, &c. 



In Church Booh, Scotliaicl, li 
Ross, Mr. John, vice Jlr. George 
Gordon, deceased. 

Henderson, Mr. Robert, i 
preacher of the Gospel, vice j 
Mr. Hart, deceased. 

Ramsay, Dr. Robert, physic 
in Edinburgh. 



Stuart, Mr, William, preache 
of the Gospel, vice Mr. Gaul.: 
deceased. 

Tait, Mr. Thomas, probatlonei 
vice Mr. James Allen, de 
ceased. 



Sangster, Mr. Henry, preach* 
of the Gospel, vice Sir. Robe: 
Dundas, deceased. 



■61-84. 

Professor of oriental languages in the nui- 
versity of Aberdeen. 

Minister of the united churches and parishes 
of liirkinner ar.d Longcastle in the pres- 
bytery and county of Wigton. 

Regius Professor of Natural History and 
Keeper of the Museum or Repository of 
Natural Curiosities in the University of 
Edinburgh. 

Minister of the church and parish of 
Auehterless in the presbytery of Turret!' 
and shire of Aberdeen. 

Do. of Eyemouth, in the presbytery of Chirn- 
side and county of Berwick. 



Do. of Bar' 
presbyter 
Ross. 

Do. of Hu 



IS in the Isle of Lewes, in the 
of Long Island, and county of 



t)ie presbytery of Had- 



Date. 



3 March 
9 April 



IIO?.IE OFFICE PAPERS. 



285 



721. Scotland. Church — cont. 



Bertram, Mr. John, preacher of 
the Gospel, ivcejMr. Thomas 
Conilie, deceased. 



Minister of the chm'ch and parish of Darsey,ia \ 22 July 
the presbytery of Coupar and county of ]'"ife. ! 



Do. of lii)-ie and Pert, in th- presl'ylt-ry 
Briehen'aud comity of Forfar. 



Do. of Kirkaldie 



Stephenson, j\Ir. David, vice \ Do. of I'ltsligo 
Mr. WilliamMercer, deceased. 1 

Duncan. Mr. Alexander, pro- ' Do. of Gordon, in the presbytery of Earls 
bationer, t-icc Mr. John Bell, j and county of I'.erwick. 
deceased. ; 



722. Scotland, (.'ruiinals : Pardons, ice. 

Warrant.s for Letter.s of Rejiission to pass the Seal appointed liy tlie Treaty 
of Union to be u.sed in [)lace of the Great Seal of Scotland; or Letters 
containino- Resrites, &rc. 



L> Criminal Papers, Scotch, vol. 1, 1762-S6 
Pardon on con- I Stewart, Williaii 
(lition of self- ! alias Jam 
transportation I Smith. 



its course. 


soldier. 


Respite for three 


jMaeleod, Jol 


weeks. 




The law to take 


Do. - 


Its course. 




Not to be e.Ke- 


Gordon, Job 


cuted; his sen- 




tence being 
commuted. 




Pardon on con- 


Do. - 


dition of self- 




transportation 
for hfe. 





Crime. 


1 
Senten'je. 


Wlicre tried 
or confined. 


Date. 


Page 


62-S6. 


1 








ttle-slealing 


De:.th 


Edinburgh - 


CMar. 


65 


t ;.tated - 


Do. 


Not stated - 


1" » 


G9 


alin- a eolt 
\nd calf. 


Do. 


Inverness - 


I 9 June 


70 


Do. 


Do. - 


„„. - 


7 July 


72 


rse-stealing 


Do. 


Aberdeen - 


20 An. 


73 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 


■n „ 


74 



286 



CALENDAR OF 



17(37. 



723. SCOTLAXD. MiSOELLANKOUS. 



Miscellaneous Wakkants, countLTsigned by one of the Secretaries of State, 
relating to Scotch Affairs. 



To whom directed. 



I"oi' wlioiu and what purpose. 



Ill Svolck Warrants, 1765-74. 

President of the College of Burnett, Jlr. .Tames, advocate, to be admitted 
a Lord of Session. 

Mackenzie, Ladies Margaret, Ann, Katherinc, 
Frances, and Euphemia, sisters of Kenneth 
Viscount Fortrose, to be put in possession 
of the lodgings in the palace, lately held by 
John Earl of Hyndford, deed. 



Keeper of the Palace of Holy- 
rood House. 



12 Aug. 



724. Scotland. Siiei!1ffs Depute. 
Appointed by Waii'ant from the King, countersigned liy the Secretary of State. 



Page. 



Ill Scotck Jl'urraals, 1765-74. 



Campbell, Walter, Esq., advo- 
cate, oicc Jamci Burnett, 
Esq. 


Sh 


•riif Di 


laite 


of Kinc; 


rdiue 




■ 


■25 Feb. 


86 


Gneme, Patrick, of G 
advocate, vice Willi 
E..q. 


;cmeshall, 


Sh 


■riff Di 
nd Zet 


i;::;; 


and atew 


ard Dt 


pute of Urkn 


cy 


'IS, „ 


" , 



[At 11.11.5 of the above volume of SmUh Warrants is a warrant from Mr. Conway as Secrctar 
State, dated 24 June, appointing Mr. .Tolin Felfar Sheriff Clerk of the sheriffdom of Wigton, 
Mr. Uavid Agucw, deed., which is, however, marked in the margin as " Not taken out."] 



Signet Bills. 

A werie.s thus called contains Signed Bills jirejiared pursuant to Warrants 
from the Secretary of State. "Those for 1707 are in Bundle 127. 



HOiME OFFICE PAPERS. 



A.D. 1768. 



3 Jan. 725. Lord Lieutenant of Ikeland (Towxsiiend) to the 
i,.(.i.„i,i, Eakl of Shelbukxe. 

,432, No. 8. His Lnnlslnp liavin- iiiado in his letter of 19 Dec. .some very 

iiiortif\iii'.; ()1isi'i\atii.>iis seeiiling to infer that the disagreeable part 
of the Moiiry Hill rL4ati\(.' to the tax upon placemen and pensioners 
was owing to his Excellency's inattention, he is obliged for his 
own justification to go fully into that business. 

Having observed, the instant that he communicated His 
Majesty's wishes for the augmentation of the army, that the 
expense of it appeared very alarming, he made it his business to 
consider of ways and means to defray the same ; and in his letter 
of the .jtli Nov. he informed his Lordship that at a veiy general 
meeting he had suggested three expedients, one of which was the 
tax of is. in the pound on absentee placemen and pensioners, if 
the same should be approved by His Majesty. It was evident 
this tax must be very agreeable to the country. It would produce 
22,000?. per ann. if proposed without any exception as to His 
Majesty's sign manual, Avhich, from the experience of a former 
Bill, was well kno^\^l to render that tax inconsiderable to the 
public, at the same time that it boj'e very hard upon those 
individuals who most wanted favour, but had not interest to 
jirocui-e it. It appeared to hun, too, that if this tax were proposed 
by the King's servants the dignity of the Crown woidd not be 
hurt, and that reasonable exceptions would be readily assented to. 
But, not receiving any answer to this letter of the 5th Nov., he 
did not think himself justified in suffering any such tax to be 
jiroposed on the part of the Crown, though, from the unexpected 
and immoderate grants in the Committee of Supply, he was still 
more convinced how necessary it was to have some resource for 
the augmentation besides the duty upon teas, the plan of which 
was of course sent to the Duke of Grafton, and luianimously 
approved of by H.M.'s servants on the KJth Nov. In the mean- 
time, it having been generally kno^vn that this tax upon absentees 
had been considered by the King's servants in Ireland, when it 
was observed that no proposal of that sort had been made Ijy them, 
Mr. Longiield (the same gentleman who was to have moved the 
short Money Bill), without any previous notice, on the 27th Nov., 
took up this matter in such a manner that any opiJosition by the 



288 CALENDAR OF 

1768. 

King's servants must certainly have tailed, the Committee being 
at that time very thin. 

When he mentioned in his despatch of the 12th Dec. that he 
Ivnew nothing of this tax till it passed, he meant the appropriation 
of the tax. Mr. Malone, the chairman, as the Committee were'" 
rising, having imexpectedly made the proposal of an appropriation, 
another difficulty was thrown in the way. So that, considering the 
circumstances, his Lordship will, he hopes, view the disagreeable 
parts of the Bill as thmgs which did not escape him, but which 
he could not prevent ; and that the same prudential reasons which 
induced the Privy Council in England to consent to this Bill 
compelled him to acquiesce in what neither time nor the strength 
of (lovernment in Ireland enabled him to op}iose with success. 
With respect to exceptions of the noble personages his Lordship 
mentioned, it Avas judged upon the spot that any attempt to push 
such clauses would have been unsuccessfid, and have probably 
introduced distinctions and questions having the most disagreeable 
consequences. 

Most entirely agrees that the leading persons in Ireland ought, 
as they will answer it to their consciences as servants of the 
Crown, as men of property, and as representatives of the people, 
to support the augmentation of the army, so strongly recommended 
by His Majesty, and calculated solely for the benefit of Ireland. 
But lieing upon the spot, and seeing the general disposition of the 
House of Commons in its true light, he cannot be so sanguine as 
to hope that these sentiments are sufficient grounds upon which 
to carry a measure of this sort through Parliament. At the time 
he left London he knew. that His Majesty's intentions were not 
to grant any pensions or places in Ireland for lives or years, nor 
has he given any person in Ireland the smallest hopes, though he 
could not help listening to their proposals ; but when he observed 
how very weak this Government was become by a very different 
conduct held by his predecessors, he thought it his duty to submit 
this matter again to His Majesty's further consideration, being 
convinced that until the system of Govei'nment in Ireland can be 
totally changed, and the true weight and interest of the Crown 
brought back to its former channel, there must be some relaxation 
of this rule. Camiot help being extremely sorry that H.M.'s 
Ministers consider themselves as precluded from proposing any- 
thing of this sort to His Majesty, for he is much afraid that a 
strict adherence thereto will at this time be of great prtyudice to 
H.M.'s service, and peihaps entirely defeat the augmentation of 
the army, which His Majesty has so much at heart. 

His Lordship having assured him when in London that H.M.'s 
servants would, in Coimcil, support the BiU for Umiting the 
duration of Parliaments, and having repeatedly since in several 
letters authorised him to hold this language to all with whom he 
should confidentially converse, cannot wonder at having been in- 
formed in his (the Lord Lieutenant's) letter of the 12th past that it 
would be necessary to retm-n that Bill as soon as possible. No answer 
having l)eon received to that jiart of the letter, hopes to be excused 
reminding' him that if the measure is really to be sujiported in 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



f!oimcil, and the Bill to lie returned, every delay therein creates 
distrust, and may in the end very much diminish the effects 
meant to l)e produced by His Majesty's gracious intentions towards 
Ireland. It is impossible for liim to express how very anxious 
t' he is to receive the draft of the Enabling Act, becanse, if he imder- 

stood rightly, he will jihere find the point of security attended to, 
as far as His Majesty and his servants can thmk advisable and 
]iroper. Is every day more convinced that people in Ireland A\'ill 
by no means engage to support the augmentation till he can say 
Mdth precision what security is to be given that 1 2,000 men shall 
always remain in Ireland, as he has stated in almost every letter. 

Desires to be informed whether, after the Christmas recess, he 
is to have the plan of augmentation proposed in Parliament, 
supposing that Lord Shannon, the Speaker, and some other con- 
siderable persons, which he very much suspects will be the case, 
should not undertake to give their hearty support ; and whether, 
in forming this proposal, he is to make the papers which His 
Majesty himself delivered to him the rule of his conduct, not 
having any other instructions to direct him. 

Proposes three additional points which will greatly contrilmte 
to carry through this measure with success. 

First, to reduce immediately the great expense of the staff, or 
to let the same diminish by degrees as the general officers may 
happen to die or be provided for. Although he has been ajiplied 
to by some to mention them to His Majesty for the succession to 
the command of his army here, he would by no means (viewing 
his own inferior situation in military service) presume to mention 
to his Sovereign his opinion upon the merit of officers so far his 
superiors, especialty at a time when he is assured that any mark 
of economy would be one of the strongest arguments in favour of 
the augmentation, and when it is universally oliserved in Ireland 
that the army in England is commanded under His Majesty by a 
general in chief without pay, and three reviewing generals. 

Second, to disband two or all of the four regiments of horse, 
whose annual expense is 44,286L, as they are considered, from the 
circumstances of the country and the service in time of peace, not 
to be in any degree so useful as the lighter cavalry. 

Last, to "constitute upon some well concerted plan a small Board 
of Control for examining and checking the contingent expenses of 
the armj'. A plan of this sort, while it would provide for some 
of the members of the House of Commons, and increase the 
influence of Governmi'ut, wnnM also make great savings to the 
public— Dublin Castle. J/. (,•/.■../•• Secret."' i\ 2'1>- 

5 Jan. 726. Earl of Shelbuune to the Lords of the Adjiiraltv. 

[1/G/ in Encloses for inrpiiry a copy of a memorial from Jlons. Durand, 

original, but tj^e French Minister. ' 

a mistake.] The memorial entered (Frmvli), which relates that a French 

Admiralty fisherman and liis brother, returning to St. Piei-re in their boat 

^KGG-si"' ^''■'^''''' fi"^'""'-''' perceived a fire and something likr a t^nt on I'llc- 

Pi:.'. ■2\--j:i Yerte, ainl, thinking it to be a signal for succour, in:vlr I'lr the spot. 



290 CALENDAR OF 

17fi8. 

Ari'ivofl there, three armed Englishmen appeared, one of whom 
stated that they had Ijeen put on the Isle the evening Ijefore by 
the captain of the sloop of war " Peai'l," with orders to attract 
French boats there, and afterwards cany them to Fortune Bay. 
Tlie French fishermen threw themselves on the Englishmen and 
•lisarmed them, when they cried for qiiarter. They were left on 
the Isle and supplied with provisions, they stating that the priva- 
teer would return to fetch them. 

The memorial prays that they might lie punished on the spot, 
where the example would produce more effect than anything that 
coulil lie done in Euroioe. 

5 Jan. 727. The Same to Major-General Gage. 
Com -ni-chief, jjjs. Majesty's orders have been signified to Sir W. Johnson to 

comiilete the boundary line between the several })rovinces and the 
Indians, the line to be run " conformable " to a report of the Lords of 
Trade and Plantations on that subject. It is to be hoped that 
this measure, if properly carried through, will ettectually remove 
all those jealousies and complaints which have given Sir W. 
Johnson so much uneasiness of late. — " No. G." 

C, Jan. 728. L. Macleane to Mr. Pownall. 

Boin. Gu". iir, 'J'ransmits, for the information of the Lords of Ti'ade, an extract 

^'■■'^'' ■'■ from a letter of 28 Oct. 1707, from Mr. Rous, relative to "the 
" present state of the Council in that Island." [The name of the 
Island not mentioned.] 

7 Jan. 729. Earl of Siielburne to tlie Lord Lieutenant of 

iiei.,„,i, Ireland. 

V. -432, N(i. .1. Though the Earl of Bellamont's zeal for the King's service does 

him honour, and is extremely agreeable to His Majesty, yet as his 
advancement to an earldom was understood b}' the King to be a 
full compensation for his pretensions to the lank of Lieutenant- 
Colonel, the expectations of wliich induced him to purchase the 
place of Deputy Quartermaster General, he, Lord Shelburne, cannot 
give any hopes of the King's complying with his i-equest. His 
Majesty judging it improper that such a rank should continue 
annexed to that commission. 

The repeated account of Lord Annaly's steady and uniform 
conduct hitherto, as ^\'ell as the tlisposition wliich he shows to 
facilitate the King's luisiness and that of the public, have made 
His Majesty so fully sensible of his merits as to incline him to give 
the most favourable ear to any i-equest coming from his Lordship ; 
His Majesty will therefore take the proposition of Col. Henry Gore 
into considei-ation. A draft, marked " Private." 2 pp. 

7 Jan. 730. The Same to the Same. • 

Ireland, His Majesty approves of his Excellency's reconnnendation of 

V. 432. Xo 4. Lieut. -Col. Wynne to the government of Cork, and his reasons 
for deferring the appointment of a Lieut.-Governor to succeed 
Lieut.-Col. Wynne. Also marked " Private." 1 p. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 291 



17GS. 

8 Jan. 731. R. Sutton to Edward Stanley, Esq. 

)om. EntryBk., Eiicl<3.se.s a copy of a memorial from Prince Masseran to be laid 
^' ~ ' ^' ' liefore the Commi.s.sioner.s of H.M.'s Custom.s, for information 
AV'liether any further assurance can be properly given to Mr. Gala- 
liert about the matter in question. — Wliitehall. 

9 Jan. 732. Commodore R. Spry to the Earl of Shelp.urne. 
Admiralty, Sends congratidations on the bii'th of a Prince. 

No^3-^'a'''i) Encloses letters from Messrs. Hosier and Adams, merchants at 

Mogador, and account of disbursements made by them at his 
request for the " Pitt's " crew, cast away on that part of the 
coast of Barbary, and in the hands of the Arabs. Has drawn on 
Mr. Geo. Brown of his Lordshijj's office for the amount, in favour 
of their correspondent, Mr. Abram Taurell, and entreats that it may 
be paid. — Gibraltar Bay. 
The enclosures. 5 pp. 

11 Jan. 733. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the 

Ireland, EARL OF ShELBURNE. 

No7io^a'i) Having communicated to the Speaker and Lord Shanni)n, 

and ii>'. ' through the Prime Serjeant, the answer received by his Lordshiji's 
desjiatch of the 19th Dec. in answer to his secret letter of the 12th, 
they desired to know whether it was determined to push the 
measure of the Augmentation this year, or whether some step 
could not be taken for its success in a futiure session. He told 
tliom that he expected to receive soon after the holidays the draft 
of the Enabling Act, and His Majesty's further orders ; that he 
could not take upon him to enter into any stipulations that might 
lie contrary to them ; that all the security would be given for 
maintaining the 12,000 men in Ireland that the case would admit 
of ; and as tlic kingdom was undeniably in a very critical and 
defenceless condition, it was his opinion he should have orders to 
pursue this measure this session. Since this they have informed 
him, through Mr. Prime Serjeant, that they cannot undertake to 
support this measure, as their friends think it too late in the 
session, and are averse to a new vote of credit, or to opening the 
supplies again. Nor do they think that any security given by a 
British Act of Parliament will be sufficient ; on the contrary, 
that an attempt to augment the army here by any other than an 
Irish Act would occasion gi-eat dissatisfaction. 

Is greatly concerned to be disappointed of the support of the 
two most considerable interests in this kingdom ; and it may be 
judged from this and other preceding circumstances how little it 
has hitherto been in his power to represent this measure as certain 
of success without their concurrence. The Piinie Serjeant judges 
it in vain to undertake this measure without their support. Mr. 
Attorney General declines his assistnncc, ;ind tliinks a saving- 
should be made in the military 1 -i.ilili^liiiiciit in>t.',iil of increasing 
the debt: .so that of the King's -ri\;iiits in tlic Ibmse of Com- 
mons there are oidy Mr. Solicitor General, Mr. Serjeant Lill, and 
Ml-, Serjeant Dennis to wlium he can look for assistance. Is in great 

T 2 



292 CALENDAR OF 

17G8. 

lioiics of Mr. Mai one's support, if any saving as far as 17,000/. 
annually was judged proper to be made in the military establish- 
ment, which, added to the 22,000/. from the tax on pensions, 
would defray the amiual expense of the augmentatioji. The 
securing 12,000 men for the defence of the kingdom will, Mr. 
Malone thinks, be a strong inducement to come into the augmen- 
tation of the six battalions abroad. 

With respect to the numbers which will, it is hoped, support 
Government on this occasion, and for which he is greatly ol.iliged 
to Lord Drogheda's interest mimI w li^lit, the calculations turn out 
better than expected. I\i \.i ilirl, -s he would be singidar if he 
were to presume to ansA\fi' I't.r cair^ing this question without the 
strong interest of Lord Shannon and the Speaker ; with them, 
there are few would doubt of success. 

Every art will be used to prejudice the minds of the people 
against this salutary measure the longer it is delayed, as may be 
seen by some public prints he transmits. Addresses may be 
procured against this measure from boroughs, which will greatly 
influence members now inclined to vote for it, especially as the 
expectation of the return of the Septennial Bill grows languid. 
The popularity which would follow the return of that Bill 
would pievejit any unfavourable impressions circulated against 
the Augmentation. 

Encloses a paper, which, as it comes from a person of great 
abilities and weight, and contains those arguments which will 
probably be strongly ui-ged upon this measure in Parliament, may, 
for that reason, merit the attention of His Majesty's servants. — 
Dublin Castle. 

The paper referred to, unsigned, and submitted as "Loose 
thoughts" by a " Sincere lover of both countries." 

Not bound in their proper place, but after the next letter and 
its enclosure are cuttings from a newspaper, apparently the " Free 
Press," which, probably, are from the "public prints " sent in this 
letter. They consist of a letter from a correspondent, who signs 
himself "Ho]iufu]," ;iiid the first paragraph of an article. The 
letter expresses cuilidence in " the tM'o great men" as to tlieii- 
support to tile Limitation Bill and opposition to the Augmenta- 
tion. 

12 Jan. 734. Earl of Shelp.ukne to the LoRn Lieutenant of 

ii-eUmd Ireland. 

Correspnce., ij^,_ ^^^,^ ^^,j^^ ^^^^^ j^^ _ j^^, preferred to lead His Majesty's band 

p. lis.' of music in Ireland, has been aj^pointed to be of His Majesty's 

pri\'ate band here. His attendance upon his duty in Irelami is 

accordingly to lie dispensed with. — Whitehall. 

12 Jan. 735. P. M. Morin to the Clerk of the Council in waiting. 

D.im.Entiyiik., Eucloses extracts of a letter from Sir James Wright, H.M.'s 

\.-4, p. i(,. . Resident at Venice, and of one from the Magistrates of Health 

Office at Venice to him, with an account of the plague having 

entirely ceased in Dalmatia. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 293 



17GS. 
12 Jan. 736, Earl of Shelburne to the Attorney General. 
'."|.^'gg' '^^'-■';-j*' Transmitting-, foi- his opinion, a state of the case reLative to the 

"'''"' Act for punishing mutiny, &e. in Bermuda, taken from the cor- 
respondence of Governor Bruere and General Gage, with tlie 
original letters referred to. — Wliitehall. 

l(j Jan. 737. The Same to the Lord Lieuten^vnt of Ireland. 

J.jo'''^-''' , I'l consequence of his Excellenc^-'s letter to Sir Gilbert Elliot, 

-, ± <j. . jjj^ Majesty has signed a commission for John Stuart, Gent., to be 
ensign in the 4!Jth Regiment, in the room of Mr. David Muri-ay, 
cancelling at the same time that before granted to Mr. Hudson. 
Desii-es his Excellency to write a letter recommending Mr. Stuart 
to this commission, of the same date v:ith tJtut ivhich reconnncndcd 
Mr. Hudson, that this Im.siness may ajipear perfectly regular. A 
draft, marked " Private." 1;^ iqi. 

IG Jan. 738. The Sa.me to tlie Same. 

Ireian.i, _ £)[([ ^q^ fail to lay before His Majesty his Excellency's recom- 

mendation of affixing a certain salary to the Lord Chief Justice 
of the King's Bench in Ireland, during the time he shall officiate 
as Speaker in the House of Peers in the absence of the Chancellor. 
In regard to the Bill for appointing the Judges during good 
behaviour, can add nothing to what has already been said on the 
subject, till the heads of the Bill are transmitted hither and taken 
into consideration. A draff, marked " Confidential." 1 p. 

20 Jan. 739. Secretary of State. 
^Ci-iiul.^rapers, Mem. — "The Right Honorable Tlmnuxs Viscount Weymoutli 

received the Seals, and was sworn Principal Secretary of State, 
the 20th January 17G8." 



176G-70,p. 163. 



Warrant Book, 

20 Jan. 740. Lord WeyjMi-»uth to H.M.'s Postmaster General. 
Dom.EntryBii., Euclosiug a list of his office as it stands at present. In 

V. 2j, 11. 39. accordance with the late Act, has licensed the first clerk, senior 
clerks, and clerks, to fi'ank printed votes, proceedings in Parlia- 
ment, and printed newspapers. 
The Ust :— 

Robert Wood, Esq., James Wriglit, 

William Eraser, Esq., William Taylor, 

Under Secretaries. Bryan Broughton, 

John Larpent, George Aust, 

First Clerk. George Cooke, 

Ricliard Sliadwell, Thomas BidweU, 

Fraiieis Wacr, George Deyverdun, 

S-'inurClrrks. Clerk.s. 

21 Jan. 741. Loud Lieutenant of Ireland to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Iroland, Enclosing a memorial from Col. Parke Pepper, Lieut.-Colonel 

No'i\^"i'ij ^*^ ^''^ 49th Regiment, praying His Majesty's pennission to dispose 
of his commission at the regulated price. — Dublin Castle. 2h ■pp. 



294 



CALENDAR OF 



21 Jan. 



742. The Same to the Sajie. 

Recommending the Bishop of C'loyne, the Earl of Br 
lirother, to succeed to the bishopric of Derry. 1 p. 



5t0l' 



21 Jan. 743, The Same to the Same. 



Acknowledging letters 
army, &c. — Dublin Castle. 



3 to successions, exchanges, i:c. in the 
I'ieven letters. 7 pp.' 



22 Jan. 

Circular Bk., 
1761-S6, p. 6.5. 



744. Circular to Ministers, iScc. 

Lord Weymouth to Sir Josejjh Yorke ; Messrs. Langlois and 
Shirley ; Sir Andrew Mitchell, Sir John Goodricke ; Messrs. Titley, 
Gunning, Wroughton, Stanhope, Cressener, Greville, Woodford, 
Swallow, Mathias, Wolters, Goirlon, Correy, and Fenwickc ; 
Governor Wood : Lord Justice Clerk, and Marquess of Lome. 

His Majesty lia\hiL;- honoured him with the Seals of the 
Northern Di'partiiieiit in the room of General Conway, his Lordship 
desires eacli to ad(hv>s jiis letters to him for the future. 



22 and 23 

Jan. 

Dom. Geo. III., 



745. Mr. STjVxley to Me. Sutton. 

Relative to a distinction made in the warrant upon importation 
of grain the growth of France, and grain the growth of Spain ami 
other nations, in consequence of a memorial from Mr. Galabert's 
correspondent. — Custom House. 

There are two letters, nearly wovA for word, dated respectively 
as above. 2 pip. and 2 halves. 



23 Jan. 

Ireland, 



itercd in 

Ireland 

rresimce., 

761-70, 

.120-21. 



746. Earl of Shelburne to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

1. Has received his Excellency's letter of the 29th Dec, enclosmg 
the proclamation to prohibit the exportation of com. Sends a 
printed copj^ of the Act i>a-si.'il this sessions in England, which must 
have been for some time pa^t in (lie hands of the revenue officers 
of Ireland. His Excellency s Irttvv. though dated the 29th Dec, 
did not come to hand till the 20th inst., with those of the 7th inst., 
whereas those of the 81st Dec. arrived on the 11th inst. A draft. 
U pp. 

2. Acknowledging the receipt ol letter,s, &c TItree drafts, o 2^p- 



23 Jan, 747. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the Earl 

Ireland, OF ShELBURNE. 

.432, No. 28. jjjy Lordship having answered every part of his letter of the 

12th Dec, except that which relates to Lieut.-Col. Sandford, who 
wishes to succeed the late Col. Eyre in the government of Galway, 
his Excellency is very anxious to know what was His Majesty's 
pleasure as to this recommendation, Col. Sandford liaviug strong- 
connexions in Parliament, and being one of the oldest Colonels in 
Ireland. Besides, this favour may have some weight with the 
Duke of Leinster, to whom the Colonel is nearly related. Marked 
" Private." 



HOME FFICE PAPERS. 29t 



1768. 

2(J Jan. 748. to the Clerk of thk Pe.vc.k for the County of 

3om. G(.o. Ill,, Middlesex. 

pcLso.No.i. Relative to precautimi,. to V„. tahm a-aiii -t exiiretpd riotous 

assemblies in and about SpitallieM...- -Wliit.liall. .1 ^/roft. -1 pp. 

20 Jan. 749. Earl of Shelburxe to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

Ireland, Havino- .sounde.l His Maje.sty'.s inclinations in regard to per- 

V. 43-2, No. 17. ^^-^ittino■ Lieut.-Col. Edmonstone, of Lord Lome's First Battalion, to 

Entered in ^^jj at "the iisual price in case he should desire to do so, his Lord- 

Con'e'pnl. , ship tbund the King not averse from it. As soon, therefore, as the 

i76i-7o,p.iJJ. official letter and recommendation of Major Simon Fra.ser are 

transmitted, ho will lay the same in form liefore His Majesty. A 

,lrojl 1 i>. 

20 Jan. 750. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the Earl 

Ireland, OF SlIELBURNK. 

V. 432, No. y:;. It havino- been rumoured thai upon tli.' ui.'elni.- of the House 

of Counnons after the recess, (Jovrinuiml woul.l br embarrassed 
by motions from the Opposition, he summoned a meeting this 
morning of the gentlemen who are understood to be His Ma-jesty's 
)u-incipal servants and conductors of the luisiness of Government 
in the House of Commons, viz., Ui: Prime Serjeant, Mr. Attorney 
General, Mr. Solicitor General, Mr. Serjeant Dennis, and ]\L-. Serjeant 
LiU, and informed them of the rumours, telling them at the saine 
time that he had not received any particular information relative 
to the Septennial Bill since the recess, an<l that he was e<inally 
uninformed as to any new matter since then as to the augmenta- 
tion ; but that he had not lost sight of either the one or the other, 
and that they might depend on any intelligence thereupon being 
communicated to them the moment it came to hand. He entreated 
them, in the strongest manner, to exert themselves to prevent 
any nwi\im» being made to preclude the scheme of the augmcuta- 
ti.m from brin- hiid before the House, or for addres.sing His Majesty 
(■uiicrniiiiu tlM"s.|itrnnia] Bill, desiring them to give their assist- 
ance in ■Miu.ial against any attempts which might be calculated to 
draw disagreeable conseipiences upon Government. 

Is sorry to state that he did not receive any explicit answer lioin 
■ them whether they would or would not stand forth as rc.[uesteil. 
To say the truth, as to the Prime Serjeant and Attorney General, 
he has not at present the smallest hopes of their assistance, though 
as to the others lie is convinced they are perfectly well inclined to 
support Government if they thought there was any chance of 
their being properly assisted so as to do it effectually. It during the 
remainder of this session matters should take a disagreeable turn, 
which he is inclined to think they will, notwithstanding his most 
strenuous endeavours shall be exerted to prevent it, his Lordship 
must not be at a loss to know how impossible it is for him m his 
present situation to be responsible for the events of this session. 

Had also a conference this day on the same subject with the 
Speaker and desired his assistance, and that of his friends, to resist 
every motion in the House which might tend to embarrass and 



296 CALENDAR OF 

1768. 

discredit the King's service. He has given reason to hope that his 
wishes are, and his endeavouis shall lie, as far as is in his power, 
to suspend any measure that Avas not of the most moderate 
nature. 

Something of what hu finvt^ld tln^se gentlemen in the morning 
did happen as soon as the Ihnwi' nut, when a motion was made by 
Mr. Perry to enquire into tlic applieutiun of the money granted for 
the support of the military establishment from the 31st of March 
1751, and also into the present state of the military estalilishment ; 
which Committee was accordingly apj^ointed to meet to-morrow 
morning. Its intention is, he apprehends, to show to the public 
the increase of the expense of the military establishment since 
1751 ; and from thence, and from other expenses of Government, 
undouV)tedly much increased since that period, to form resolutions 
in order to prove that this country in its present situation is not 
capable of bearing the charge of the intended augmentation. It 
would have been imprudent, perhaps impossible, to have prevented 
this Coromittee ; but as it very much depends on the leading men 
in the King'.s service to prevent them from coming to resolutions 
which may not only be very disagreeable to His Majesty, but 
absolutely destructive of the augmentation, his Excellency will 
to-morrow call upon them separately and solemnly for the last 
time to declare how far he may dej^end upon their assistance. 

His Lordship, from this despatch and others, cannot but see the 
weakness of H.M.'s Government, and how impossible it is to 
execute His Majesty's commands, or to resist the attacks which are 
likely to be made against his authority ; for which reasons his 
Excellency cannot help submitting whether it may not be projjer, 
before it is too late, to consider of such means as shall give force 
and vigour to the Government. — Dublin Castle. " Confidential." 
Endorsed: " R., Feb. 3, late at night." 5\ i^p. 

2G Jan. 751. Richaed Sutton to Viscount Babrington. 
Mil. icutry Ek., His Majesty has consented that Capt. Matthew Leslie, of the 
V.28, p. 196. -iSth Regiment, may exchange with and retire upon the half-pay 
of Ca] it. Ger\-as Hall, who was reduced with tliu late 7Cith Regiment. 
—Whitehall. 

27 Jan. 752. The Attukney General (De Grey) to Lord . 



l)om. Gt-o. IH., Enclusing a minute for the warrant for the appointment to 
Nc.''.3*a''h. '^'"-' '^'^^'^ °^' Pi'i'^T '^'^^^y which is agreealile to tl'c opinion of my 
Lord Chancellor. 

The enclosure. 2^ pi>. 

27 Jan. 753. Feeony and Murder on Board Ship. 
Dom.^GetKllI., Report of the Advocate General (Dr. Mariioit) on an extract 
rci. bti, ^o. 4. ^.^.^.^^^^ ^ letter from Sir James "Wright, as- to the jiropi'v sti']i.s in be 
taken in case of felony and murder committed liy li.M.'s subjects 
on board English ships, or in the house or privileged circuit 
H.M.'s accredited Minister.?, and what jurisdiction sucli crimes 
fall rmder. — Trinity Hall, Cambridge. 2\ pp. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 297 



bora.Eut 



1TG8. 
28 Jan. 754. Lord Weyjiouth to H.M.'s Postmaster General. 

Puiiiuaiit to the Act, has authorized John Larpent and Richard 

. ^0, p. 4u. Shadwell, Esquires, of his office, to endorse, according to the 

specimens transmitted herewith, all letters concerning the public 

business of his office, and to seal them with his seal, that they 

may pass free of postage. 

2S Jan. 755. Earl of Shelburxe to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Acknowledging letters of the 2] 
nted to the translation of the B: 
shopric of Derry. A draft. 1 p 



In-iuna, _ Acknowledging letters of the 21st iust. His Majesty has, con- 

f. 432, No. -J,, f^ented to the translation of the Bishop of.Cloyneto the vacant 

Entered in - - ~ . - . 

Ireland 
Correspnce, 
761-70, r-1: 



28 Jan. 756. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the Earl 

Ii-olaud,' ^>V ShELBURNE. 

.432, No. 3-1. Yesterday a motion was made in the House of Commons by 

Mr. Bagwell, " That any application to His Majesty by King's 
'■■ letter to grant money after it has been refused in the Committee 
" of Su]iply is highly improper and derogatpry to the privileges of 
" this House." After a debate of three hours, it was ended by 
the question of adjournment, moved Ijy the Solicitor, and carried, 
— Ayes 92, Noes 85. 

Hafj called this morning u})on the sevei-al persons mentioned in 
his despatch of the 2Cth separately, to know for certain how far he 
could depend upon their assistance, and likemse had a very 
explicit conversation with my Lord Shannon ; the result of all 
which has been that his Excellency has not the least reason to 
expect any solid support cither from his Lordship, Mr. Speaker, 
the Prime Serjeant, or the Attorney General. The latter expresses 
a readiness officially to defend the rights of the Cro^\■n, liut 
w(_iuld not engage in any share in conducting the measures (if 
Government. The Solicitor General, indeed, has engaged to stand 
forth upon every occasion where it shall be necessary to support 
His Majesty's authority ; and the rest of the King's servants have 
been veiy ready in promismg their assistance. Mr. Malone, too, 
though not in the service of Government, has promised his support 
whenever any improper motion should ai'ise from a spii'it of 
party to distress Government. 

The account now about to l)e given will convince his Lordship 
that Lord Shannon, and the three other gentlemen mentioned 
above, have finally taken their part, — which, whether it is really 
to distress His Majesty's affairs, or only to alarm his Government 
so as the more effectually to carry their points, is more than his 
Excellency can at present tell ; but he apjirehends that the present 
temper of the House of Commons may in the meantime force 
them into such measures as must weaken, and perhaps make 
it impossible again to restore, His Majesty's authority in this 
kingdom. 

Mr. Bagwell liaving again taken vqi the motion of yesterday, 
■with some variation, moved, " That any application to His Majesty 



CALENDAR OF 



1768. 



" to grant money for any purposes which shall have been ivnder 
'• the consideration of this House, and which shall have been 
" refused to be provided for by the House, will be considered as 
" highly improper and deserving the censure of this House." To 
which a motion being made by Mr. Cavendish (the son of Sir 
Hemy Cavendish mentioned in the despatch of the loth Nov. on 
the short Money Bill), that betweeji the words " Majesty " and 
" to " the words " during the sitting of Parliament " should be 
inserted, it passed in the negative, — Ayes 61, Noes 111. Then 
the main question was put, and agreed to without a division. 
Mr. Solicitor General did stand forth and endeavour to pievent the 
question from being carried. Mr. Malone, too, though he did not 
enter into the debate, voted with the minority. The Provost gave 
Government in this, as he has done in former debates, a most 
hearty and cordial suppoit. The Prime Serjeant voted with the 
majority ; and Mr. Attorney General, though in the House at the 
beginning of the debate, did not wait for the division ; which, 
together with Lord Shannon's and Mr. Speaker's friends, made the 
majority so very considerable. 

These two motions, threatened tr>iu> time to time liefore the 
recess, arose from a transaction in this kingdom during Loixl 
Hertford's administration, which is shortly this : — The House of 
Commons in 1763 granted a sum of money for rebuilding several 
bridges which had been carried away 1 iv a ■j:voat immdation in the 
county of Kilkennjr. One of these l.ridu.-^ brlungs to the borough 
of St. Kennis (or Irish To^vn) atljiiiiLiiLi; Kilkomiy, and this not 
having been completed with the sum allotted in 1763, the House 
of Commons, on an application for more money, resolved on the 
19th Nov. that the rebuilding and completing of Green's Bridge on 
the direct road Ijetwixt Dublin and Cork was a work useful to the 
public, and deserved the further aid of Parliament, and that the 
further sum of 600/. would be necessary for finishing it. But, 
nevertheless, the proper persons who should have attended par- 
ticularly to the laying of this case before the Committee of Supply 
happening to be absent at the proper time, this particular sum was 
not voted amongst those for navigation and public works. The 
circumstances of the case, which were trul}^ distressful and of great 
consequence to the public, having been represented to Lord Hert- 
ford, he, in the following March, whilst the Parliament was sitting, 
stated the same very fully in a letter to the Lords of the Treasury, 
who laid it liefore the King ; and he, by his Royal letter of 
4 July 1766, after the Parliament had been prorogued, gi-anted the 
sum of (500?. for completing the necessary work. 

Doubtless a motion of this sort was at first framed in order to 
reflect on the conduct of Lord Hertford. But it being very well 
known that what he had done was meritorious in itself, and had 
been suggested to him by some of the leading men in the House 
of Commons, it was thought proper to treat this matter as a public 
grievance, and to turn it into a general patriot resolution. 

This question was no sooner carried than another motion was 
made by Mr. Poer, of a very extraordinary nature, " That the several 



HOME OFFICE PAPEES. 299 



" branches of the public revenue of this kingdom not appropriated 
" by Parliament, have been from time to time granted to the 
" Crown for public uses." This a]'|irarin^ inn strong to the Prime 
Seijeant, he immediately moved till' ■|iiiv,i ion > if adjournment ; which 
the House agreed to, much against the inclination of Mr. Poer, who 
declared that he woidd to-morrow make the same motion ; which 
will, doubtless, in the meantime be softened by others Avho are 
somewhat less violent than he is, though his Excellency expects 
it will still remain a question very prejudicial to His Majesty's 
authority. 

Must again beg his Loidship and the rest of the King's seivants 
to consider of, and send as soon as possible, some plan which may 
give force and vigour to the Government. Has sent for this 
purpose the present dispatch by a messenger, hoping to have 
returned by him full and explicit instructions for this very critical 
conjuncture. His Lordship must have long observed that those 
who could, and from their offices ought to have carried on His 
Majesty's aft'airs with ease, would by no means engage to lend 
their assistance but under such terms as, upon due consideration, 
were rejected ; also that they are now gone into a determined 
opposition, not upon trifling or personal grounds, but against the 
King's Government itself It is now, therefore, to be considered 
to whom his Excellency is to resort, and whether it would be 
prudent to apply to those who are generally in opposition, and who 
are called the indcpi^ndi/nt gentlemen of this country. Upon the 
whole, begs tli.n iIm' King's servants will consider, before it is too 
late, what ou-lit to hr .loue with this Parliament, which, under the 
present weak slatr uf ( iowrnment and the temper of the prevailing 
parties, nntliini; l.ss, p. rliaps, than a prorogation can prevent from 
being carried sni'li Imgtlis as it may hereafter be very difficult to 
remedy. — Dublin Castle. Marked " Contidentia]. !) pp." 

29 Jan. 757. Secretai;y-at-War (Barrikgtox) to the Earl ov Shel- 

W.ir Offico, BURXE. 

V. 24, No. 8. Relative to tlie «th Regiment, ordered to relieve the l.")th, in 

America. 

P.S. — 54 women, 10 servants, and 50 tons for baggage, is the 
common allowance for one regiment. — War Office. 1 p. 

30 Jan. 758. Earl of SnELRFRXE to the Lord Lteutexant of Ireland. 
As to exchanges, &c., which His Majesty has ajiproved. As to 

Lieut.-Col. Lushington, Lieut.-Col. Pepper, Capt. HiU, and Capt. 
Grant, who all desire to retire upon more or less jiay, His Majesty 
doth not relish that mode of retiring, which in many instances 
hath been attended with great inconveniences to the service, and 
hath left a long and heavy incumbrance on regiments. The King- 
did not seem to understand the meaning of the elder Captains 
in the 8th Regiment of Dragoons having declined the purchase, 
and quitted to Capt. Stewart their pretensions to their succession, 
as if Col. Lushington was not only to retire on the Major's pay, 
but at the same time to receive money from the Captain for his 



Ii-elaiicl, 
V. 432, No. 29. 


Entered in 

Ireland 

Correspnce., 

1761-70,11.122. 



300 CALENDAR OF 

1768. 

promotion to the majority. His Majesty observed, also, in the 
succession to Capt. Hill, that Ensign Engel is recommended to 
succeed Lieut. French, but that no reason is assigned why Lieut. 
Bishop, who seems to serve as an Ensig-n on Ensigir's pay, should 
not be posted on the muster-rolls as Lieutenant, by which means 
the regiment would have had its full complement of Ensigns. 

These points might have required some explanation, if the King- 
had approved of those officers retiiing in the mamier proposed ; 
but that is not the case. His Majesty, however, will permit them 
to retire in any other manner that his Excellency shall jiropose. 
A draft, raarlvd "Particular." ^ ^'jk 

SO Jan. 759. Lued Lieutexaxt ov Ireland (Towxshexd) to the Earl 

Ireland. OF ShELBURNE. 

v. 4.32, A o. 3j. There has been no opportunit}- till to-day of despatching the 

messenger with the confidential letter of the 2Sth. The motion 
which Mr. Poer intended to have made yesterday is by him deferred 
till Tuesday next. 

Is told that the independent gentlemen at last see what the 
conduct of the Speaker and some of the King's servants now 
in opposition points at, and that they are resolved to -svithdraw 
their assistance from any motions hereafter which may tend to 
show any disrespect to the King, or distress his Government. 
Hopes, for this reason, to receive full instructions, before any 
violent measures can be carried into execution. The Committee 
appointed to enquire into the application of the grants for the 
military establishment is going on from day to day in its enquiries, 
which, as they are very minute, will take up a considerable time 
before any report can be made to the House. This report 
is meant 'at present to be a special one. ilarl-cd " Confidential." 
- l^P- 
1 Feb. 760. Mr. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to Lord 



Mr. Quilliu, H.M.'s Attorney General of the Isle, died on the 
2Srd lilt. Will take no ste^i in this case till His Majesty's pleasure 
be signified, though upon such vacancies the Governor gave a 
]:iro-tt_-iii]Miir couuiiis^^iuii, and the i)erson so appointed was always 
n]i]ii..\.-l .if. Xr\ri ilirlrs^, rucummcnds Mr. Daniel My kua, who 
was )-egul;irly rdueatcd to the law, many year's Attorney General 
and has been in eveiy other post of trust and consequence 
in this Isle; was the Governor's deputy dm'ing absence, and 
acquitted himself in all with uprightness. Can answer for his 
zeal for H.M.'s Government. As Mr. Mykea was Receiver General, 
when the Isle became vested in the Crowji, it was thought proper 
to confer that ofiice upon Mr. Lut^vidge, and he was therefore the 
only person superseded, and has continued so, though the Duke 
of AthoU repeatedly wrote that he had the assm-ance of the then 
Ministry that he and the other officers shoidd be provided for. 
Besides, begs leave to submit to his Lordship's consideration how 
proper it may be to listen to this recommendation, that it may 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 301 



17 G8. 

wear the appearance of some interest, as tlie prevailinL;- ojiinion in 
the Isle allows him (Mr. Wood) little or none, being neither able 
to procure appointments for himself, nor salaries for those under 
him. Gives information relative to the arrival, quartering, &c. 
of the troops.— Isle of Man. " No. 1." 3 /)/'. 

2 Feb. 761. Gexl. Conway to Lord Weyjiouth. 
om. Geo. III., Sends a letter received from Mons. de iSaldern, addressed to 
pel- sn, jjjg Majesty, with its copy, ami a certificate of D. Ferdinand in 

favour of the officer recommended, as also the letter to himself 
enclosing them. His Lordship will best judge how far the peculiar 
situation and character of M. de Saldern entitle him to attention, 
and the reception of so uncommon an application. — "L." Warwick 
Street. 

The enclosures. (French.) They are strongly in favour of an 
officer named During, in the Rns-irm > r\ iec, who was born a 
British subject, and had served wiih ■li-iinetion in the Allied 
army. The reque.st made on his brhall' was that he might be 
received again into His Majesty's service in Germany as a lieu- 
tenant colonel of cavalry. 9 j;^^. or 'parts of pp. 

2 Feb. 762. Earl of Shelburxe to the Lord Lieutenant of 

Iveland, IRELAND. 

r. 432,10.30. jj|^ Majesty approves of the recommendation of Lieut.-Col. 

^n*eianV" Sandford to succeed to the government of Gah^-aj-, vacant by the 
Correspnce., death of Capt. Ej're. A draft. 1 p. 

1761-70, 
p. 120, 

2 Feb. 763. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, His Excellency's despatches of the ord and 11 th January have 

No 'Mn'b been before H.M.'s principal servants, who have given them the 
fullest consideration. The utmost attention has been shown to 
his Excellency's pressing and repeated instances, grormded on the 
wishes of the public, for the return of the Bill for limiting the 
duration of Parliaments, which the King approved in Council 
yesterday, with a few alterations agreeable to the true spirit of the 
Bill. The necessity of the first, regarding the preamble, must be 
so obvious as to require no explanation. The second is that of 
changmg the term of seven to eight years, being better adapted 

to Ireland, the Parliament tlinv usually i tiiiL'' only every second 

year. The third, which makistln' |.ivs,ni I'ailiament determine 
on the 24th June next insd'.nl cT liltli .liiiir 1771, is not only 
particularly agreeable to the whole spirit of the Bill, the present 
Parliament liaving already sat nearly the time marked out by this 
Bill as most expedient for the duration of future Parliaments, 
but must be considered as a most gracious condescension on the 
part of His Majesty, who gives his Parliament thereby an oppor- 
tunity of concurring in this salutary measure, which he might 
otherwise cany into execution by liis own undoubted jire- 
rogative. 



302 CALENDAR OF 

17C8. 

The other two Bills for making the Judges' commissions quam- 
(liii se bene gesserint, and for the better securing the liberty of the 
subject, are under the consideration of the Council. His Excel- 
lency's several proposals are all of them of so new a kind as to 
require the most matm'e delibei'ation before any opinion can be 
formed concerning them. 

Encloses a draft of an Act which was proposed yesterday in the 
House of Commons, for enabling His Majesty, his heirs and 
successors, to raise and keep up on the military establishment of 
Ireland any number of troops, consisting of His Majesty's natural- 
born subjects only, not exceeding in the whole in the time of 
peace the number of 1.5,235 men. His Excellency will observe 
that no expi-ession is therein wanting that may demonstrate the 
most clear intention of Parliament that the number of forces to 
be ke])t within the kingdom of Ireland foi' the defence thei-eof 
shall consist of 12,331 men, commissioned and non-commissioned 
officers included. And as the King has declared his resolution to 
comply with the spirit of this Act, he has the strongest reason to 
expect that a measure so calculated for the welfare, peace, and 
safety of Ireland should, and trusts that it irill, meet with the 
suppoi't of a majority in both Houses of Parliament in Ireland. 
As nothing can be done in Ireland till the Act proposed here 
receives the Royal assent, his Excellency is to consider with the 
King's servants and others in what manner tlie said Augmentation 
(as soon as the above-mentioned Act is jiassed) may lie proposed 
in the House of Commons. If it fail there, his Excellency will 
imagine that when the King comes to reflect on certain passages 
in his Excellency's letters, he can be no stranger to the scandalous 
cause of such miscarriage. There is, however, yet time for persons 
to recollect themselves, to deliberate upon a plan of such utility 
to the public, and for that reason so earnestly espoused by His 
Majesty, and to reflect upon their stations and duty. His Lord- 
ship most sincerely hoj^es they will take advantage of the oppor- 
tunity, and, especially as he is commanded to renew the assurances 
already made, that those who distinguish themselves in the 
support of that important question cannot fail of reaping in due 
time the fruits of their zeal for His Majesty's service, and for the 
real security of Ireland. A (Inift, mud-cil " Confidential." 

Copy of the Act enclosed. 12 jip. 

3 Feb. 764. L(.ird Lieutenaxt cif Ireland (Townshend) to the 
i,.^ianj_ Earl of Rhelburxe. 

V. 432, No. 38. Acknowledging his Lordship's letter of the 2.Sth, Avhich he sent 

to the Bishop of Derry as desired. 

4 Feb. 765. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, Mr. Poer has again deferred his motion, which he intended to 

y.432,No.4i. j_^^^.^ brought on on Tuesday last, in such a general manner as to 

make his Exeellencj- believe that it will not be again resumed, 

because the latter is every day more and more convinced that the 

independent gentlemen, who have some considerable following, 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 303 



Doni.E 



are resolved to go on with great moderation. Sir Charles Bingham, 
indeed, has mentioned in the House to-day that he means to make 
some motion to-morrow relative to the Septennial Bill ; but as his 
Excellency camiot at present find on what grounds he means to 
proceed, or whether he will lie supported, it is unnecessary to say 
anything more upon that subject, as it can only be mere conjecture, 
and as he is still in hopes to receive some explicit letter from his 
Lordship relative to this Bill Viefore the House meets to-morrow, 
there being a packet due at this time. Murkcd " Private." 
2 pp. 

C) Feb. 766. p. M. MoRiN to the C'lekk of the Council in Waiting. 

Enclosing a copy of a letter lately received from H.M.'s Consul 
at Cadiz, dated 21 Dec. 1707, which confu-ms the account on tlie 
same subject tramsmitted some time ago by Sir James Wriglit, 
and sent U> the Council Office on the 14th Dec. last. 

C Feb. 767. Lord Lieuten^vnt hf Ireland (Townshend) to the 

Irelaiul, EARL OF ShELBURNE. 

Since his letter of the 4th, another remarkalile motion has lieen 
made. Sir Charles Bingham mo\ed that Dr. Lucas, j\Ir. Henry 
Flood, and Mr. William Ponsonliy should be sent to England to 
lay before His Majesty the great advantages that must arise to 
this kingdom by passing the Bill for limiting the duration of 
Parliaments, and to endeavour to obviate such objections as may 
have been made to the said Bill. Though this motion seemed to 
lie seriously made by Sir Charles, and was as seriously seconded 
by Mr. Bush, it was hardly possible to have imagined tliey were 
in earnest, till Mr. Flood endeavoured to support the motion by 
precedents taken from the jouinals in the times of James I. and 
Charles I., and by that means brought on a debate which lasted 
some hours, and at last ended in the motion being withdra^\•n, in 
order to be moved again in case the Septennial Bill should not in 
a very short time be returned. Mr. Prime Serjeant, in a very 
long and popular harangue, made to justify himself fron^ the great 
aliuse that has lately been flimg out against him, thought yiroper 
in the strongest manner to assert, that as, on the one hand, he was 
resolved to give the most strenuous opposition to the intended 
Augmentation, so, on the other, he was determmed to give every 
support in his power to a National Militia, either by lending his 
assistance to such a Bill as might he brought in, or, if that should 
not soon be done, by bringing one in himself This very remark- 
able and public declaration as to the Augmentation was considered 
by the House as the fixed opinion both of Lord Shannon and 
Mr. Speaker, with whom he still continues to be closely connected, 
anrl from whom, of course, his Excellency has not now the smallest 
hiilH's (if assistance. The Connnittee relative to the Military 
E-t;il.li^liiih nt is .still going on, and, having branched into several 
diffriviit b.ails of encpiiry, it may still lie some time before any 
report can Ije made. Cannot exactly leain to what sort of resolu- 
tions they intend to come. Marked " Confidential." S pp. 



304 CALENDAR OF 



17GS. 

Felx 768. The Same to the Same. 

iiviami, Su1)mitting whether it may not be advisable that the recruiting 

^' "* '' "■ ''■ parties now under orders to join their regiments on the 10th April 

next shoidd remain on this service longer, it appearing from tlie 

reports transmitted that the necessary numbers cannot be raised 

against that time. 1 p. 

9 Feb. 769. Tlie Same to tlie Same. 

l'-la_n;i, Yustorday brouglit his Lordship's despatch of the 2nd, ^vlt]l tlie 

N() 4-'"i' b -^''^^ ^'^^' liiiiitiiiy the duration of Parliaments, whicli w.n-i tii-da\' 
read for the first time in the House of Commons, and luw gi\i;ii 
universal satisfaction. It will be seen from the enclosid mlnutrs 
what has already happened in consequence of it. In addition to 
this, a motion which was to have been made on Friday next 
relative to pensions was immediately given up, and is not again 
to l)c stirred this sessions. Marlcecl " Confidential." 

The enclosed minutes. On the BiU being read it was resolved, 
■iicra. con., to present addresses to the King and the Lord Lieu- 
tenant. There are notices also of the heads of Bills presented by 
members. 3 pp. 

10 Feb. 770. Militia in Irelaxd. 

Irtiand, Heads of a Bill for regulating the militia of Ireland, presented 

V. 4-2(;, No. 40. y^^. j^jj._ p,,,,^^| 33 ^^^^ ^.;j ^^^.; ^_^^^ 

10 Feb. 771. Lord Shelburne to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

Ireland, Relative to the disposition and transport of the COth and .J7th 

^o^'nUs. I'egiments. T^vo drafts. 2 pp. 

One entered in 

Ireland 

Corre.spncc., 

I7Cl-7(i,p.l28. 

10 Fel). 772. The Same to the Same. 

Ireland, [n answer to letters of the 2Gth, 28th, and oOth Jan. 

v.43-_', No. 44, j^^ ^Q ^j_^g "positive and explicit instructions" desired bj' his 

E.Kcellency, his Lordship must observe that he has not failed from 
time to time to give the fullest answers to all those points on 
Avliich the King's commands or the opinions of his servants were 
desired ; and further, that Ins Excellency, being on the spot, and 
in consequence alone piosM- .d .if tliat variety of lights which is 
absolutely necessar}^ to f nin ;l ; . n.-ial plan for giving iniincdi.'ite 
vigour to Government, as w-W as Kcing the person on wIk.ih the 
execution of it depends, can alone properly suggest any such for 
His Majesty's consideration. Accordingly, his Lordship has the 
King's commands to state that whatever plan he, the Lord Lieu- 
tenant, shall think proper to offer for that important end, will be 
taken into immediate consideration, with all the regard due to 
his E.s;ee]lency's zeal for the King's service, not doubting that it 
will be accompanied with that distinct view of both men and 
things which is essential to the coming to a final determination 
Tipon it. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 305 



1768. 



In regard to the next point, neither the King nor liis servants 
have any predilection for any man or set of men whatever ; ami 
having nothing else in view than to condnct the King's affairs 
honourably and safely, to the mutual satisfactioji of the Crown and 
people, they must naturally choose to see the public business 
carried on without being obliged to make any change whatsoever 
among his servants, as long as they are both able and willing to 
serve it ; but if they shall prove deficient in one or other I'Cspect, 
so as to leave his E.Kcellency "no reason to expect any solid 
support fi'ora them," His Majesty not only sees no objection, but 
highly ;i|i])r(iM-s of the sending fpr such gentlemen, under tlie 
desci i])ii(.ii of independent gentlemen, or any other description 
not inconsistent with that character of duty and atfection which 
eveiy good subject owes the King, and who shall be believed 
ec]ual to the execution of what they may be desired to undertake. 
If such a measure appear necessary, the result of any such com- 
munication is to be transmitted as early and particularly as 
possible for His Majesty's consideration. 

As to what ought to be done with the Parliament, the uncer- 
tainty at this time wdiat reception the Bill for limiting the 
duration of Parliaments may meet with in Ireland, makes it 
impossible to send particular instructions with regard to the dura- 
tion of the present Parliament, till information is received of the 
fate of that Bill, and the consequences to be expected from it. 
The first motion raentioneil to have been carried in the House of 
Commons is a melancholj' proof of that want of zeal in the King's 
servants which his Excellency has so often lamented, and which 
has encouraged ill-judged reflections upon the power of the Crown, 
where it was only exerted for the most salutary purposes. It is 
scarce possible to believe that a motion such as [Mr. Poer's] is 
intended to be carried, without denying that wisdom to the Par- 
liament of Ireland which has in some measure always restrained 
it in the times of its greatest agitation, or to hear of its being moved 
without expressing astonishment at so unjustifiable an attack 
upon the prerogative of the Crown, at a time when His Majesty 
is graciously pleased to anticipate the wishes of his people, and 
to agree to the strengthening of the constitution of that kingdom 
in the manner most desired. But if his Excellency should not be 
able by persuasions and every other conciliating m.Tliod tu pr.'\'i'nt 
this resolution from passing, his Lonlshi]' is L'xpi.s.jy cMimiianded 
by His Maje.sty, with the unanimous opinion of his srrvnnts, to 
recommend to his Excellency the use of that power, lodged in his 
hands, of proroguing the Parliament as soon as such a resolution, 
or any to the like eftect, .shall have actually passed. 

P.S. — The Enabling Act has passed the Committee in the House 
of Commons, with one slight alteration. Since writing as above, 
has received his Excellency's letter of Feb. 4, which makes him 
hope that upon the whole a better temper will take place, and 
that his Excellency's views for the public service will not be 
impeded as they have hitherto been. ^-1 draft, marked " Secret 
and confidential." S pp. 



306 

1 7GS. 

10 Feb. 

Mil. KutiyBk., 

V. 28, p. 19C. 

War Office, 

y.-2i,^n.<J. 



11 Feb. 

Ireland, 

V. 432, 

No. 51 a, b, c. 



Ireland, 

V.432, 

Xo. ,V2 a, 



1 G Feb. 

Ireland, 

V. 432, No. 49. 

Entered in 

Ireland 

Coirespuce., 

1761-70, 



CALENDAR OF 



773. The Same to tlic SEcHET.utY-AT-WAR. 

His Majesty has ordered the (iDth Regiment, which was destined 
to relieve the 57th at Minorca, to be left at Gibraltar, and added 
to the garrison there, and the said .57th to be neverthele.ss In-ougiit 
Ijack to Ireland as at first ordered. — ^^^utehall. 

774. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Town.shend) to the Earl 

OF Shelburne. 

Transmitting the addresses of thanks to His Majesty and his 
Excellency, from the House of Commons, upon the i-eturn of the 
Bill for limiting the duration of Parliaments, and his Excellency's 
answers. 

The addresses. 3^ pp. 

775. The Same to the Sa.me. 

Transmitting an address of thanks on the same Bill, from the 
Lord Mayor, kc. of Dublin. 



The address. {T/«' md 



nr,l.) 1 



,/ 1 



776. R. S[utt(in] to Richard Ja(.'KS(in, Esq., Secretary to the 

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

In reference to the several papers relative to a Second Annuity 

Society at Cork, whicli came enclosed in the Lord Lieutenant's 

letter of 2G Dec. last, and to the First and Third Annuity Societies. 



)F Ikel.axi) (ToWNSHEXii) to the Earl 



777. LiiuD LiErTEN.\.Ni 
OF Shelburne. 
Acknowledging his Lordship's letter of tlie lOtli 
landing of the 09th Regiment of Foot at Cibraltar. 



inst. as to tlie 



l(j Feb. 778. The Sa.me to the Same. 

Ireland, Has the satisfaction now to ac(|uaint his Lordship that he has 

432, No. .')!i. j^^^^j. ,^^,jj^j^ ^|_^^ j^^Qj^^ hearty assistance of the country gentlemen ; and 
that they, with the Duke of Leinsterand my Lord T3'rone's friends, 
ha\e enabled him, for the present, entirely- to defeat the designs of 
the other jnevailing party here by putting an end to the Committee 
of Inquiiy into the Military Establishment in such a manner as 
will not, his Excellency thinks, be disagreeable to His Majesty, or 
obstruct the augmentation. The crisis, therefore, being come, in 
which it appears to him absolutely necessary that His Majesty 
should give immediate vigour to his Government here, and lieing 
very anxious that his Lordship, for His Majesty's information, should 
be fully acquainted with the real state of the kingdom, he has 
determined to send over his Secretary, Lord Frederick Campbell, 
in whom he has always placed an entire confidence, and who, iroin 
1 1 ting perfectly acquainted with the temper of the Parliament, and 
with every transaction that has happened, will lie able to state all 
the necessary grounds for such a plan as may be etfectuallj' and 
immediately carried into execution. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 307 



Has tlii.s day given the Royal a.ssent to the Octenuial Bill. 
This Bill has given great and universal satisfaction, and will have 
most of the useful effects expected to arise from it. But his 
Excellency is much afraid, from the dissolution being fixed, that it 
will not so eftectually promote the augmentation ; it being almost 
impossible, immediately before a general election, to prevent the 
minds of men from being not only hurried away, but even irre- 
trievably bound down, by popular jjrejudice.s. It may, perhaps, 
therefore, now not only be difficult, but dangerous, to push on the 
augmentation, because most of the best friend.? to thi.s measure dare 
not now, as candidates, avow an additional vote of credit in order 
to augment a standing army. As Lord Frederick Campbell will set 
out on his way for London in two or three days, his Excellency will 
not at present go more at large into this business ; but if it shall be 
thought advisable to propose this plan to the present Parliament, 
his Excellency will immediately do it in such manner as His 
Majesty shall direct; and in the meantime, by persuasion and 
every other conciliatory method, continue to dispose not only the 
King's servants, but all the principal interests of this country, to 
concur in promoting this great and necessary oljject. Marked 
" Secret and confidential." 4 2ip- 

18 Feb. 779. Earl of Shelburme to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Ireland, _ Acknowledging the receipt of his letters of 0th and 9th inst. 

.432, No. .^,3. ^ym j^^^ ^^.j ^^^ j^^^^, ^j^^^j^^ before His Majesty at the first audience. 

A draft, ^p. 
LS Feb. 780. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Town.shend) to the Earl 

Ireland, OF ShELI'.URNE. 

os%ia"'i) c ^ Transmitting the addresses of thanks to the King, and his 

c,3 a, b. ' Excellency, from the House of Lords, upon the Bill for limiting 
the duration of Parliaments, with his Excellency's answers. 

The enclosures. .3 pp. 

2. Transmitting an address from the House of Commons to 
His Majestj', to lay before His Majesty the report (also enclosed) 
of the Committee of Inquiry into the application of the money 
granted for the support of the Military Establishments fi'om 
March 25th, 1751, and also into the present state of the Military 
Estalilishment. 

A copy of the resolution for an addre.ss only. 2 pp. 

19 Feb. 781. Commissioners of Excise to Lord Viscijunt Wev- 
im. Gto. III., mouth. 

S'oV^'i") c Send copies of letters from John Repton, their collector of 

Norwich, and Edward Girling, their supervisor of Yarmouth, 
giving an account of a large gang of smugglers having murdered 
one of their officei's, and dangerously wounded several others who 
had seized a large quantity of excisable goods, which the .said 
smugglers rescued and carried oft" with them. By direction of the 
Lords of the Treasury, asks that His Majesty's pardon may be 
advertised in the Gazette to any person or persons, not actually 
the murderers, who .shall discover his or then' accomplices therein. 
The enclosures. 6 pp. 

U2 



308 



1768. 
20 Fel>. 

Admiralty, 
pel. 157, No". 13. 



20 Fel.. 



CALENDAR OF 



782. ilR. Bkooksl.vxk, at tlie Excise Office, to Mr. . 

Sends the enclosed draft of an advertisement in answer to his 
letter to Mr. Stonehewer, desiring to know what reward is proposed 
to be given by this Board for the discovery of the person or persons 
concerned in the murder of the Excise Siu-veyor near Yarmouth. 
The Commissioners are very desirous that the advertisements 
should appear in the Gazette of this night. 1 p. 



783. Earl of Shelburne to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

Ireland,^ His Majesty entirely approves of the proposal that tlie recruiting 

^' '' ; ■* ■ parties should remain on the recruiting ser\'ice till their respective 

Ireland" ^orps are completed. A draft. 1 p. 
Correspnce., 
1761-70, p.l33. 



19 and 23 
Feb. 

Treas.Ii^utrjBk., 



703- 



il8. 



23 Feb. 

Admiralty, 
pel. 157, No. 14. 



784. Richard Sutton to Mr. Beadshaw. 

Prince Masseran has acquainted Lord Shelburne that Mons. 
Escarano is about setting out from Paris to replace Mons. Ottamenoi 
here, as Secretary to the Spanish Embassy. His Lordship desires 
the Lords of the Treasury to give the proper orders for the indul- 
gence to be showai him in regard to his baggage. — AMiitehall. 

The reply. Secretaries to Embassies have been considered as 
ministers of an inferior character. Has therefore sent the neces- 
sary orders to the Commissioners of Customs thereon.— Treasury 
Chambers. 

785. Clergy of Minorca. 

A memorial presented in their name to the Earl of Shelburne, 
praying His Majesty's intervention to protect them against 
Governor Johnston, in regard to attacks made by him upon the 
honours, privileges, and customs secm-ed to them by treaty and the 
practice of the Isle. They set forth that a theft having been 
committed in the house of Dr. Vilar, " Pi"o y Cura " of the suburb of 
St. Philip, he was thereujjon put under arrest. He applied to the 
Governor for release, or to be remitted to the Vicar General of the 
Isle to be tried by the ecclesiastical tribunal, according to the expi-ess 
privilege of the clergy and the custom of the Isle. This the 
Governor refused ; and also, in a letter to the Vicar General in 
answer to a similar application from him, advanced various 
pretensions contrary to the privileges and practices of the Isle, 
particularly forbidding the dependence of the clergy of Minorca 
on the Bishop of Majorca, in whose diocese the Island was, 
and threatening to banish the Vicar General if he should apply for 
or receive any " providencias " from that prelate. 

The clergy, judging themselves aggrieved, met in Congress at 
Ciudadella (as customary when it was necessary to deliberate 
(in ecclesiastical matters), and di-ew up a memorial, and appointed 
(le]uitics to present it to the Governor, who would give no answer 
to it, whereupon the Congress resolved to apply to His Majesty. 
The Kith January, the Governor summoned the Vicar Cieneral to 
Mahon, which summons the latter obeyed the next day, and was 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



309 



23 Fel>. 

Clmicli BU., 

Scotland, 

.761-84, p. 126. 



::3 Ful., 



V. 432, 
Kos.55, 56. 
Eutered ia 
Ireland 
Correspnce,, 
1761-70, 
pp. 133-4. 

23 Feb. 

Ireland, 

V. 432, No. 57 

Eutered in 

Ireland 

Corrospiice., 

1761-70, p. 13; 



25 Feb, 



pel. 



25 FeVi 

Ireland , 
\'.432, 



accompanied voluntarily l.iy the superior ecclesiastics who had met 
at Ciudadella. They wei'o all immediately dismissed, except tlie 
Vicar General. Then the Governor said he was satisfied with his 
conduct, but forbad the continuance of the Congress. He further 
asked the Vicar General, whether he and the other ecclesiastics 
Avho had met at Ciudadella would take the oath of fidelity to His 
Majesty. This they all very promptly did in open court, and 
desn-ed the Secretaiy to record the satisfaction with which they 
took it, and that they would have taken it at the entry of H.M.'s 
troops into the Island, had they beeir so required. {SiKmish.) 

786. Lord Viscount Weymouth to the Commissioners for 

Managing Forfeited Estates in Scotland. 
His Majesty approves of their recommendation of Mr. Robertsijn 
to supply the vacancy in the parish of Callendar. 

787. Earl of Shelburne to the Lord Lieutenant of Iiikland 
His Majesty received the addresses from tlie House uf (.'cmimuns 

and the Lord Mayor, &c. of Dublin, in the mdst gracious manner, 
&c. Separate drafts. 2 2>p- 



788. Tlie Same to the Same. 

Having received advice from H.M.'s Consul at Oporto that 
several artificers in the different branches of the woollen manufac- 
ture were lately arrived there from Dublin, bringing with them 
various tools and utensils for carrying on the said business, in 
order to set up a manufacture in the neighliourhood of that city, 
and that many others were expected from Ireland, encloses a 
Gazette of 15 Dec. last, containing an abstract of the laws for 
preventing so great an evil, in order that the same may be made 
public in Ireland. Orders to be issued also to the Revenue 
officers to search for and seize such tools and utensils as shall 
be put on board any vessel to be carried to foreign parts. A 
draft.. 2 pp. 

789. Edward Stanley, at the Custom House, to William 

Eraser, Esq. 
The Commissioners of the Customs intend to ofter a reward of 
1001. for the discovery of the person or persons who broke open 
the Custom House at Bridlington, in the night-time, and robbed 
it of upwards of 7U. Requestr^ that His Majesty's pardon may 
also be promised to any of tlie-oftenders who shall discover one 
or more of his accomplices. 

790. Lf.iRD Lieutenant of Ireland (Townsiiend) to the Earl 

OF Shelburne. 
Transmitting a memorial, for His Majesty's pleasure thereon, 
from the Master General and tlie Triuciiial Officers of Ordnance in 



310 CALENDAR OF 

17C8. 

Ireland, for an order to break up certain unserviceable arros lying 
in H.M.'s stores, which ai-e only an incinnlirance. 
The memorial. - pp- 

2(J Feb. 791. The Same to the Same. 

i^'o"''^'''- Since Lord Frederick's deiiaiture, has endeavoured to obtain a 

' "' " ■ ' ■ declaration from the Speaker and Loid Shannon to support the 
])oint His Maje.sty has in view. The result has been that 
Mr. Ponsonby, although he declares himself no enemy to an 
augmentation, will not undertake to support this. He dwelt 
much on a militia, and the report of the Committee sent over. 
The result of the whole was, that he could not at present support 
the augmentation as it now stands. Lord Shannon, though he 
expressed great respect for the service of the Crown, yet declared 
frankly that he did not think the security sufficient, nor had he 
any prospect of the means of supporting it, and that he could 
not get his friends to agree to it. His Excellency had also a 
con\ersation with the Prime Serjeant, lieing willing to see if any 
uf tluse gentlemen would come back upon the grounds of His 
]\Iajesty"s service. To his surprise, after what he had heard, the 
latter did not declare against an augmentation, but apjieared not 
to comprehend the .state of the thing that was to be proposed. 
His Excellency, mentioning that it Avas exactly the same with that 
opened to the King's servants at the beginning of the session, and 
Avhich had long been generally knowni to be the plan the King 
wished, gave him a copy of it. He has taken time to consider it, 
but there is little doubt that his answer will be just the same 
with that received from the others, as they are too closely connected 
in views and situation to separate at present. 

From this disposition his Lordship will see the inutility of 
holding a council with them upon the mode of proposing a 
measure they disaiiprove of He thought it better, therefore, to 
consult only with such servants of the Crown as are decided and 
hearty in the King's service, whose counsel he can dejiend upon 
from their approbation of the measure ; and with whom, with the 
aid of the independent interests and gentlemen of weight, he will 
hope to carry it into execution whenever His Majesty shall judge 
proper to have it pursued. 

Both Houses of Parliament seem at present in a state of 
tranquillity and .suspense. The very honourable support which 
Govei-nment has found from quarters where it was so little expected 
hath checked at })resent any steps to embarrass it. The country 
gentlemen are very earnest to go mto their several counties to 
look after their elections, and yet would be sorry to leave the 
King's service exposed to the enterprises of ambition. Believes 
they in general wish to carry through the augmentation upon the 
most honourable footing when their elections are over ; and many 
would, even before that, give it their best assistance, if they were 
assured that the weight of the Crown would not be exerted against 
them hereafter by those -ndiose designs they now defeat by their 
zealous support of His Majesty's Government. — Dublin Castle. 
Marl'cd " Confidential," 6 pp. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



311 



1768. 
2!) Feb. 

Dom.Kiidynk., 
\ . lM.' 



20 F,-l>. 
1 Mai 


am 

■eh 


CllUllll 

Sella 
17i;US4, 1 


Ilk., 

ml, 
|). IS. 



1 March. 

Ireland, 

v.VM, Xo. 6: 

Eiiteitd in 

Ireland 
Correspnce., 
1701-7u,p. 13 

2 March. 

Adiuinilty, 



2 March 

Admiralty, 



3 March 

Dom. Geo. III. 
pcl.80, No. 9. 



792. — to tlic Lup.n PijKsiDEXT of the CorxciL. 

Enclosing a inciiioiial I'roui [hr rresidrnt, ('onncil, ami Fellow 
of the Royal Society of Ijon 



; Natural -Knowledge, 
the necessary orders 



(o lie laid before tlie King in (.'oiinc 
thereupon. 

The memorial entered, as to preparations for observing the 
transit of Venus. 

793. E.\KL OF Moray to the Duke of Graftox. 

Hopes his application for the presentation to the vacant church 
of Callendar, in the presbytery of Dumblane and co. of P.rth, will 
not be thought unreasonable, as, next to the<'iM\vii, he has the 
greatest property in the parish If the pefereiuc is glviii to him, 
lie will always look ujion it as a particular favour. — Doniliri.sle. 

A reply from Lord Weymouth. 

Is sorry that his application is too late, the leeoiiimeiidation of 
the Trustees for Forfeited Estates having lieen already favourably 
received. — Dated 1 March. 

794. Earl of Shelburxe to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
To aci[uaiiit him with His Majesty's great satisfaction in the 

sentiments of gratitude contained in the address of thanks from 
the House of Lords [in Ireland] to the King, lor the return of the 
Bill for limiting the duration of Parliaments in Ireland. A dnift. 
I p. 

795. Richard Jackson to Richard Suttux, Esq. 

Relative to the ati'airs of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Annuity Societies 
of the city of Cork. 

796. Grey Cooper to William Eraser, Esq, 

Notice has been posted up in all the Custom-houses of Great 
Britain and Ireland of the I'stablishment of the Company of 
Pilots at Stadt, as recommendeil by J\lr. Wood fonl— Treasury 
Chambers. 1 p. 

797. L. Staxhope to Robt. Wood, Esq. 

Is honoured with his letter, enclosing the draft of the pardon for 
John Morris, Esq., in order to know whether Mr. Laipent has 
observed the proper form in drawing it up. Will always obey the 
Secretary of State's commands with great readiness and pleasure ; 
but if these papers are sent to him othcially as- Law Clerk, as they 
seem to be, it may be necessary to state that the duty of the Law 
Clerk is by his patent confined to the examination of jiersons and 
papers taken by the Secretary of State's warrant; and for this 
obvious reason, that in all other law matters the Secretary of 
State has, ex offi.cio, the assistance of the Solicitor of the Ti-easury 
and the Crown Lawyers, who are paid for it, and who settled his 
predecessor's patent most certainly with that view. Has hold his 
office above 20 years, and Mr. Wood will do him the justice to 
allow that he has never been sparing of himself on any occasion. 



312 CALENDAR OF 

17G.S. 

Therefore this explanation must not be considered as any un- 
willingness to obey the commands of the Secretary of State, but 
that in the present case it is not his duty as Law Clerk. -^Charles 
Street, St. James's. 3 pp. 

4 March. 798. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the 

Irukuid, EaEL of ShELBURNE. 

No*^-4 vjd 7) Acknowledging the receipt of his Lordship's letters of the 23rd 

pa.st. Two letters. 2 pp. 

5 Jilarch. 799. The Sajie to the Same. 

J''-'';;n''. (1.) Acknowledging the receipt of his letter of the 23rd past 

''^^'-^f, relative to the arrival of artificers in the woollen manufacture at 

Oporto, &c. Will lose no time in issuing proper orders thereupon. 



pp. 



(2.) T]-ansmitting a letter from Mi-. George Carleton, a merchant 
of Dublin, who managed the transport of the troops sent to the 
Isle of Man, with an account of the expense. Desu'es his Lordship 
to order the payment of the same. 

The enclosures. 4i pp. 

(3.) Acknowledging also the receipt of his letter of 20th past, 
as to the recruiting parties. 1 p. 

800. The Same to the Sajme. 

Sends the Prime Serjeant's answer upon the points mentioned 
in his despatch of the 26th past, in his own words, his Excellency 
having received it in -m-iting. " The particular circumstances of 
" our present situation at the eve of a dissolution of Parliament, 
" and so very late in the session after the Committee of Supply has 
" ' been long closed, and at a time when applications for money have 
" not been usually made in Ireland, disincline many gentlemen to 
" concur in the proposed augmentation ; and the sufficiency of the 
" security under the late Act is also doubted by m&ny, who think 
" that the words ' it is expedient ' do not relate to future times and 
" altered ciixumstances." 

In consequence of this answer, his Excellency did not think it 
advisable either to invite him or the persons mentioned in the last 
despatch to the confidential meeting which Avas held, and which 
consisted of the Lord Chancellor, Lord Annaly, the Solicitor General, 
Lord Chief Baron Forster, Mr. Malone, and the Provost. It was their 
opinion that the best way to bring the measure before Parliament 
would be by a message from the Crown ; and that His Majesty's 
answer to the address of the House of Commons might be a part of 
this message, in which might be mentioned at the same time such 
regulations as His Majesty might make relating to the army, and 
such a declaration of the intention of the Crown, corresponding 
with the spirit of the Act, as His Majesty shoidd think proper. 
They thought the security would be sufficient without an Irish 
Act ; that a Committee would follow, and that this would be good 
ground for those who approved to sujiport the measure. At the 
same time, they could not but obsei-ve that there might be great 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 313 



1768. 

difficulty to get a sufficient number of members to attend closely 
to the question so late in the session, — the independent gentlemen 
in particular, who in general at another time would lend their 
assistance, being now intent to secure their elections ; and if pains 
were taken by "designing men to render an augmentation and a 
new vote of credit at this unusual stage of Parliament unpopular, 
these gentlemen might be deterred by political tests (too commonly 
put to candidates in Ireland) from espousing this measure ; at 
least, they might be influenced from attending. There is hardly 
a county where there is not a contest, and where specious topics 
cinl larrassing to Government may not be agitated by men who 
iiia\- have particular views in proposing them. For these reasons 
they ^\■ould humbly submit to His Majesty whether this measure 
might not be proposed with more advantage and certainty in a 
new Parliament which naight be called upon the necessity fur it, 
and which would only make a break of one year in the order of 
Parliaments. This step does not appear to break in upon the 
revenue or any system of Irish affairs. Nor does it in its con- 
sequences to them appear liable to any other inconvenience than 
the presence of a Lord Lieutenant somewhat sooner than the 
usual time. The revenue would also in the interim be greatly 
increased by the consumption arising from the ensuing election. 

His Excellency is persuaded that there is not one of these very 
respectable men whom he has consulted but will support his 
Majesty's service with a true and becoming zeal, and that he may 
expect an honourable support from them during the remainder 
of the sessions. His opinion of the good intentions of the indepen- 
ilcnt -iiitlrmen in Parliament has been confirmed by an instance 
of iL-|" if I'T the Crown on the part of Mi-. Pery, who has laid 
asidi' fiT till' present a motion leading to an augmentation of the 
salary of thu Commissioners of Appeal, on being informed that 
Lord Frederick Campbell had directions to lay the same before 
H.M.'s servants in England. Marl'ed " Confidential." oh pp. 

11 March. 801. The Same to the Samk. 
iruiand. Received this day several printed copies of the Enabling Act, 

T. 432, Ko. 82. Q^^ substance of which he had before communicated to the 
principal persons here in order to prevent any unfavom'able im- 
pressions which might have been made against the augmentation. 
It will gTcatly contribute to the success of this measure if his 
Majesty shall make any military regulations which may aflbrd 
ground for the support of it to the Duke of Leinster and Lord 
Tyrone's friends, who will thereupon be very zealous in giving 
their assistance. It will be seen from the newspapers printed 
here what pains are taken to procure addresses against the 
measure. Nothing material has passed in Parliament since the 
5th, except that leave was granted to bring in heads of a Bill for 
a repeal of the statute of Henry VII., which directs that the 
Chancellor and Treasurer, Judges of the King's Bench and Common 
Pleas, the Chief and Second Baron of the Exchequer, the Clrrk 
or Master of the Rolls, and all otlicers accomptants, shall have 



314 CALENDAR OF 

17G8. 

their offices only at tlie King's will and pleasure. But iijioii it 
being represente<l to the gentleman that moved it that it' this 
Act were to take i)lace it would probably jirevent the great offices 
of Master of the Rolls and Chancellor of the Exchequer being 
granted to the natives of Ireland, the experience of the session 
being sufficient to prove how little it is for the interest of the 
Crown to have more indeiiendcnt great offices liere, he engaged 
not to proceed further in it. 

Has endeavoured to prevail updii the Speaker to keeji the 
House sitting, and forward the Revenue Bill, but fears the recess 
must take jjlace to-moirow or the lieginning of next week. In 
that case, will endeavour to bring gentlemen together again as 
early as possible after the assizes to receive this measure if it is to 
be proposed to them. Marlxd " Confidential." 3^ pp. 

12 March. 802. Eakl of Shelburxe to the Lord President. 
Dom. EntiyBk., Enclosing, for the necessary orders thereupon liy His Majesty in 

^il^'.g Council, ]iapers relating to the Island of Minorca. They refer to a 
^''' ' '' ■ dispute concerning the extent of the ecclesiastical jurisdiction and 
innuunities of the clergy, which ha,s arisen out of the imprisonment 
of Dr. Joseph Vilar, curate of the subiub of St. Philip, by 
Lieut. Governor Johnston, on suspicion of theft, which has occa- 
sioned his Catholic Majesty's interposition. Others of the enclosures 
relate to a complaint by the inhabitants of great violence and 
hardship used in quartering an officer upon an inhabitant of 
Aleyor, as well as of a new regidation relating to quartei-s made by 
H.M.'s Lieut. Governor, which is likewise a matter in dispute. 
There are also enclosed plans and proposals for the better govern- 
ment of the Island^ and for the improvement of the trade thereof, 
offered by the Lieut. Governor. 
A list of the papers sent. 

12 March. 803. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshendj to the 
Earl of Shelburne. 
Enclosing a memorial, to be laid before His Majesty, from 
Col. Robert Cuninghame, praying that Capt. John Grant, of his 
regiment, may be permitted to retire upon his pay. The circum- 
stances appear to his Excellency to be of a very unconnnon nature. 
The memorial. Capt. Grant served throughout the Avar, re- 
ceived eight gunshot wounds, one ball going through his body, 
and another being still lodged in his abdomen : he prayed to 
retire on full pay, and accept oOOl. from the regiment. 2 j)}}- 
ibiiL Another letter, transmitting an address from the House of Lords 

No.87a, b, c. ^y ijjy Excellency, praying him to lay before His Majesty the 
special report from the Committee for settling the allowances of 
the servants of that House, together with the several resolutions 
entered into in consequence thereof; — which he also sends, and his 
answer. 

The enclosures. The persons examined were Mr. Edmond 
Fenner, who was brought into the Parliament Office by Mr. Sterne 
in 1755, and Dr. Gayer, one of the patentee clerks. The confession 



Irelan 
V. 431 

No. 86 i 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 315 



1768. 

was forcril fioin tlic latter, under a tlireat of Cdiiiuiittal, that he was 
nnder a jioiiit of lionour to L(inl Viscount Beanchamp to part 
with all of the emoluments above 200^. for a year or se.s.sion, to 
some person unknown. The Committee resolved that the .several 
fees and sums appointed by the House for its clerks were in 
consideration of their services, and intended for the .sole use of 
them, and of no other person whatever. To which the House 
agreed, and further resolved that Dr. Gayer was bound by a point of 
honour to Viscount Beauchamp to part with all the emoluments 
of his office, except 200?., to a person unknown ; and that this last 
snm appeared to the House sutHcient for the j^erson uxercisiiig the 
office of Clerk of the Parliaments, and that the Lord Lieutenant 
ought not to be addressed for more than that sum. 

14- March. 804. E.VRi. of Shklbuuxe to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

Irclnml, Autliorising liim to grant to tlie Master General and Principal 

■ ■' "■ "■ Officers of the Ordnance tlie order for lireaking up the unservicealile 

'1Xt ^''"^^ as r..4uested. .1 draft. 1 ^. 

Corrs.'ipnce., 

761-70, p. 139. 

14 March. 805. The Same to tlie Same. 
Iieliinci, Shortly to inform him of the King's pleasure upon the points 

Xu^sl a'b contained in his letters of the 18tli and 26th of February and 
.5th Mai-ch, as Lord Frederick Campbell has some thoughts of 
returning by way of Scotland. Lord Frederick will Ijc able to 
give more jDarticulars, as he, Lord Sliell.nrne, has not onlj^ 
conver.sed with him, but he also attnideil a meeting of the King's 
servants when the afiairs of Ireland were under consideration. 

The King's principal servants were unanimous in the opinion 
that the reasons offered for postponing the aiigmentation to 
another session were not sufficient after the several steps that 
have been taken, particularly that of the Act of Parliament passed 
in England. His Majesty therefore directs that the same be 
proposed in the House of Commons, and by message from the 
Lord Lieutenant, as on former augmentations this mode has 
mostly been followed. His Excellency will use the preamble of 
the English Act, or such others as he shall think more proper, 
taking care only in regard to the point of security to keep within 
the words of his Lordslnjis letter of .5th November last, " as far as 
" is consistent with suel I a defence as the safety of l)oth kingdoms 
" in case of any sudden or extraordinary emergency may require." 
Sends a most gracious answer from His Majesty to the address 
of the House of Commons of 16 Feb., transmitting the Report 
of their Committee of Inquiry into the military establishment, 
which was pnt immediately into the hands of H.M.'s military 
servants, who have no doubt but that it may be the foundation 
for some useful alterations, although it is impo.ssible for them to 
determine upon them finally till there is time for a due examina- 
tion into the military service in Ireland. It is needle.ss to observe 
that it is His ]\Iajesty"s olject by this augmentation to remedy 
.■some of the very inconveniences pointed out by this Report. Tlic 



316 CALENDAR OF 

1768. 

King will agree that, provided the pay for the proposed establish- 
ini'iit takes ])lace on the 2.5th of this month at latest, the execution 
(if the plan sliall not be begun till Dec. 1, which will enable money 
eiiMii-li t(i arcumulate to answer all the expenses of levy money, 
extra rL.tliiiii; and arins, and also that the regiments shall fmiiish 
tlh' dctacliiiii'iit:-. Id- til"' Isle of Man, and consequently only pay 
tivc ivgiiuciits on luicign stations. The grateful .sense which 
the House of Commons must have of the repeated instances of his 
Majesty's condescension and goodness, and the attention he is 
inclined to show to their late address, which cannot but be highly 
flattering to those independent gentlemen who proposed it, 
persuade his Lordship that when this measure comes to be pro- 
posed on its own bottom, all parties will be happy to join in 
showing their duty to the King, and that regard which is incum- 
bent upon them to the security of the kingdom. 

In answer to what his Excellency says, that the country gentle- 
men would give their best assistance to this measure, provided 
they were assured " that the weight of the Crown would not be 
" exerted against them hereafter by those whose desi'_;iis they now 
" defeat," is to say that it i,s by no means the Kin;^s inlention at 
present that his Excellency should leave the kingdum ; and that 
those who have exerted themselves at this time in support of the 
King's Government may be assured that they may depend on its 
future protection. 

The answer to the address enclosed. 2 drafts. 13 pp. 

1.5 March. 806. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the 

Ireland, EaRL OF SjiELBURNE. 

^"•■'■"- Tliree letters:— 

Ko. gia, b. (1.) Transmitting an address of thanks to the King from the 

Higli Sheriti' and (Jrand Jury of the co. of Waterford, for the 
return of the Bill for limiting the duration of Parliameiits. 
The address. 1 p. and 1 ■iiinnh. 
No. 1)2 a, li. (2.) Enclosing a list of Bills sealed this day in Council, foi-ming 

the third transmiss of the ses.sion, ^\•llich will be receivei.l by the 
messenger. 

The list. 3i 2>P- 
No. 93 a, b, c. (3.) Enclosing returns of the 1st Battalion of the 1st or Royal 

Regiment, and of the G9th Regiment, which embarked at Cork 
on the .3rd and 9th inst. I'espectively. 
The returns. 5 j'P- 

IG March. 807. Me. John Wood, Governor of the Lsle of Man, to Lord . 



Isle of Man, Mr. Searle, a gentleman who hath resided here for some years, 

-, 7'^' . yesterday presented a petition, setting forth that he had been 

No. 60 a, b, c. J , T ^ i- • T i J- ii /-( i !■ /-ii !• 

arrested upon an action issued out of the Court oi (Jhancery oi 
this Isle, alleging that he had received an account of his being- 
appointed Attorney General of the Isle, claiming certain pri- 
vileges, particularly the protection of his person, and praying to be 
discharged from this arrest. Mi-. Searle has given bail to this 
action. The brief of this action, a copy of the petition, and hisj 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



317 



17G8. 



17 March. 

Ireland, 

V. 432, 

No. 94. a, b. 



17 March. 

Ireland, 
V. 4S2, No. 95, 



Mr. Wood's, reference thereon, are ench:)se<i As such privileges are 
new here, would be glad to know what protection and immunity 
the Attoi-ney General and other H.M's servants in the Civil and 
Kevenue departments are to be entitled to in the Island. — Castle- 
town, Isle Man. " No. 2." 

The enclosures. The plaintiff in the action was Henry New- 
num, of Dorking, in the co. of Surrey, Gent. Mr. Chas. Searle is 
described as " late of Farnliani, in the said co., Gent., but now of the 
" Isle of Mann, Esq." 5 pp. 

808. Lord Lieutenant of IraiLAXD (Townsiiend) to the Earl 

OF SlIELBURNE. 

Transmitting a memorial from the Committee of Merchants 
appointed, by the Bill now depending, trustees for erecting a 
new Exchange in the city of Dublin, praying to be pej-mitted to 
call it the Royal Exchange, 

The memorial, signed liy the Committee. 2 pp. 

809. The Same to the Same. 

Upon account of the approaching assizes in different parts of 
the kingdom, so many members of the House of Commons absented 
themselves from Dublin that it was with great difficulty a House 
was made for transacting the ordinary business. Judged it proper, 
therefore, to press the Revenue Bill through the common forms, 
and then to adjourn the House till the l[)th of next month. Was 
for making the recess as short as possible, but Mr. Speaker urging 
that if gentlemen were brought to town before the assizes were 
fully ended they might possibly retiu-n in ill-humour, he thought 
it best to give them a long day. The House of Lords was 
adjourned at the same time ; and both Houses expressed great 
pleasure at this temporary relaxation. On the 7th of this month, 
the Earl of Carrick (a nobleman who on many occasions has 
distino'uished himself in support of Government) moved a resolu- 
tion, which was agreed to without a division, calcidated for the 
very good purpose of restraining that profusion of grants in the 
Money Bill which for some years past the House of Commons 
has made for public works. As soon as the Houses meet after 
the recess, the Lords intend to notify this resolution by a formal 
message to the House of Commons.— Dublin Castle. 3 pp. 



IS March, 

Ireland, 
v. 432, No. 90. 



18 March. 
Treas. Entry Bk., 
17C3-T5, r.228. 



Same to the Sa.me. 
Dr. Benjamin Barrington, Dean of Armagh, having 



810. Th. 

The Re „ „ . _ _ 

requested to be permitted to exchange his deanery for the vicarage 
of St. Ann's, Dublin, of which the Rev. Dr. Hugh Hamilton is now 
vicar, and the Archbishop of Dublin, patron of the vicarage, having 
consented thereto, hLs Excellency requests His Majesty's grant of 
the said deanery to Dr. Hamilton. 1 p. 

811. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of the Treasury. 
Encloses a copy of a memorial from the Count du Chatelet, 

too-ether with an extract from a letter from the master of a French 
ship ^vl•eeked on the coast of Wales which has been plundered and 



318 CALENDAR OF 



liroken up Ijy the inlialiitants, in order that their Lord.shijw may 
issue proper orders for the officers of H.M.'s revenue to give their 
assistance in securing and recovering any jjart of the effects of the 
sufferers, and in discovermg the persons concerned in this act of 
inhumanity. — Whitehall 

1!) March. 812. The Same to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 

Ireland, Two letters :— 

Nos.t's"'s9. (!■) Acknowledging the receipt of letters of the 4th and oth 



Entered io 



inst., &c. A draft. ^ p. 
ireTaud, " (2.) Acknowledging those of the 9th and 1 2th inst. approving 

Correspnce., exchanges, kc. In regard to Lieut. Col. Pepper's application for 
' i4olVi leave to sell out, as it is a case which his Excellency seems 
particularly to wish, and in consideration of the Colonel's long 
service, His Majesty consents to the same. But as to Col. Cuning- 
hame's memorial in favour of Capt. Grant, though he appears to 
have suffered in the service, and to merit proper notice, His 
Majesty does not approve the proposition, it being against his 
determination as to officeis retiring upon pay. In this particular 
case also His Majesty by no means approves the idea of permitting 
a Colonel of a regiment to pay any of his subaltern officers out of 
his own pocket. A draft. 2^ pj). 

1!) March. 813. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the Earl 

Ireland. OF SlIELBURNE. 

V. 432. No. 98. Has received this day his Lordship's letter of the 14th in.st., 

which contains matters of such high importance to His Majesty's 
service, and to his Excellency's character and situation, that he 
must recpiest a little time to consider it l)efore he can ans«'er it as 
explicitly as he would choose to do. Hopes to be more readilj' 
])ardoned this delay, as Lord Frederick Campbell is upon the load 
on his return to Ireland, with whom it will be necessary to have 
much serious discourse upon some jDoints therein mentioned, and 
from whom his Excellency expects to receive fuller information 
than could be contained within the compass of his Lordship's 
letter. In the meantime will do his utmost to jiromote ever}' 
measure committed to his care. —Dublin Castle. 2 jyi. 

21 March. 814- " Memorandum relative to a claim of tlie country of Ritberg " 
for provisions supplied to the Allies. 1 ji. 

815. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the Earl 
OF Shelburne. 

Two letters : — 

(].) Enclosing a return of the 2nd Regiment of Foot, which 
embarked at Cork on the IGth inst. 

The enclosures. 3 pp. 

(2.) Sending a memorial praying leave for Capt. French, of the 
4Sth Regiment, to sell his commi.ssion, &c. 

The memorial. 2 2^p- 



Don,. Geo. 
pel. 80, N< 


II 

>. 1 


22 Mai 


•ch 


Ireland, 

V. 43:>. 

No. 99 a, b. 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 319 



1708. 
2o March. 816. Tlie 8ame to the S.v.mk. 

^rlTsa' Enclosing a li«t of live BiJk sealed in Council on the 22nd 

No. 104 a,'h. c. inst-, and also one of six Bills sealed this day, making together the 
fourth transmis.s of the session. — Dublin Castle. 
The lists. 4 pp. 

2.") Alarch. 817. jMr. John Wood, Governor of the Isle of Man, to 

Isle of Man, LORD . 

^' ' "■ ' ' Has this day received an account of the death of Daniel Lace, 

Esq., one of H.M.'s Deemsters of this Isle. This is an office 
which cannot be long vacant without inconvenience to himself as 
Governor, and to the country in general. Whenever a Deemster 
was indisposed and incapable of doing the duty of his office, the 
Govei-nor was always obliged to a]ipoint a deputy, and in case of 
death to give a conmiission to a successor pro temporr. For the 
two Deemsters, in their respective districts, are the Judges of the 
Common Law, hear and determine actions of debt, trespass, &c., 
in a summary way, are of H.M.'s Council in the Isle, assistants to 
the Governor in the Conrt of Chancery and on other occasions, and 
are Justices of the Peace, and in this complicate office constantly 
employed in one public busine.'^s or other. Reminds his Lordship 
of his recommendation of Mr. Daniel Mylrea to succeed the late 
Attorney General ; yet as, from the contents of his, the Governor's, 
letter No. 2, it may be presumed that His Majesty hath ap|)ointed 
another to that office, now recommends that gentleman to succeed 
the late Deemster Lace. Will only add that Mr. Mylrea is master 
of the Manx language, which is most essential for the discliarge 
of that office. — Isle of Man. " No. :>." .') pp. 

20 March. 818. Lop,r) Liei'tkxaxt of Ip,Ei..\xn (Towxshexd) to the Earl 

Irelaiia, OF SHELBURXE. 

No.Vo5a!\., c. Transmitting a memorial from the Earl of Shannon, Master 

General of the Ordnance, and C^olonel of the Royal Irish Regiment 
of Artillery, together with a memorial thereunto annexed, to his 
Lordship from Lieut.-Col. (Jhenevix, commanding the said regi- 
ment, as to a mode of creating a finrd for pensions for the widows 
of officers of the regiment. 
The memorials. :] pp. 

2G March. 819. The Same to the Same. 
Ii-elaml, ^ Relative to two Bills to be sent over in this transmiss, one for 

V. ^, o. oil. ^j^^ encouragement of tillage and navigation by granting a 
Ijounty on the carriage of corn to the city of Dublin by water 
coastvvays, and another for the encouragement of tillage by 
giving a bounty for the land carriage of corn to the city of Cork. 
"The Bills in themselves, particularly the former, which 'may be a 
great nursery for sailors, are calculated for useful purposes, and 
the only objection to them is that no jn-ovision is made in them 
of any fund for paj'ment of the bounties and salaries therein 



320 CALENDAR OF 

17GS. 

proposed, wliicli will, tlifi'cioi-e, be charged to the re\'enue at large. 
The premiums on the inland carriage of corn to Dublin in the two 
years to Lady Day 17(37 amounted to u)jwards of 15,000?. If 
notice should not be taken of the practice, of charging such 
expenses on the revenue at large, without making an augmenta- 
tion to that revenue, such Bills may in time be considered as 
ruling precedents. In the present case these Bills were not intro- 
duced until it was so late in the session that no particular provi- 
sion could be made for the expense but by a vote of credit, for 
which the amount of the charge seems to be too small. But if 
these Bills be passed into law, and if it be thought proper, a 
proposal may be made in the next session for a separate provision, 
not only for the bounties and salaries now to be established, but 
for all such others as have already been granted by Parliament, 
and made payable out of the revenues at large. 

The gentlemen who carried these Bills through the House, 
introduced them \Wthout any intimation of any sort to his 
Excellency of any part of their intentions, as is often the case 
upon other material matters. Marhed " Private." 4 j)p. 

29 March. 820. Lord Weymouth to the Duke of Northumberland. 
Doni.Eiitrj-Bk., Though His Majesty's thorough confidence in his Grace's 

A.-o, p.4-. vigilance and activity makes it almost superfluous to remind him 
of any part of his duty, yet the very unseemly and riotous dispo- 
sition which broke out yesterday among the common people after 
the election at Brentford makes highly incumbent the signification 
of His Majesty's pleasure that precaution be taken in order to 
prevent a continuance of these riotous proceedings. It is needless 
to observe that it will be highly improper to take any steps that 
may show suspicion and alarm imless there be very substantial 
reasons ; yet if there should appear any grounds to fear this matter 
going any considerable length, it is the King's pleasure that orders 
be given to the proper persons to be prepared for such an event, 
and to call for military force if absolutely necessary. Is to recom- 
mend his Grace to make no further use or communication of this 
letter than he shall judge absolutel}" necessary. 

30 March. 821. Riot, 

Dom. Geo. III., Information of Nicholas Coga and others taken before Sir John 
pel. 80, No. 1 3. Fielding, touching a riot on the pre\dous day, and more particularly 
as to the part taken in it by Matthew Christian, a " gentleman of 
character and fortune," lodging in St. Paul's Churchyard. .3 ^j/). 

31 March. 822. Thos. Collixgwood to the Eael of Shelburne. 

Dom. Geo. III., Sends a minute of the Committee of the FoundJing Hospital 
r^'^}'.^?',, which was made on their reading the letter of John Hawkins, 
Esq., of the 21st inst., the case of Henry Ludlow, and the said 
letter of Mr. Hawkins. 

The minute only. It is in answer to Mr. Hawkins's report on 
the case of Henry Ludlow ; — for which, see reports of the Judges for 
this year. 2| pj). 



No. 14; 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



321 



1768. 
31 March. 

Ireland, 

V. 432, No. 107 

Entered in 

Ireland 

Correspnce., 

1761-70, p. 142 

31 Mai-ch. 



31 March. 

Church Bk., 
76I-7S,p. 13: 



2 April. 
Trehind, 
V. 433, 

No. 1 a, b, I 



1.5 Feb. 

to 
4 April. 

Admiraltr, 

pd. 157," 
No. 18 atoj. 

VOL. II. 



823. [Earl of Shelburne] to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Has laid his Excellency's letters of 12th, 17th, 18th, and 19th 

inst. before the King, who approved of the proposals, &c. contained 
in the same. His Majesty also received very graciously the 
address of the High Sheriff and Grand Jury of the county of Water- 
ford. Acknowledges the receipt of his Excellency's confidential 
letters, which have also been laid before the King. — A draft. 2A p^j. 

824. Commodore R. Spry to the Earl of Shelburne. 
Announcing the arrival and departure of troops. 

At present there is not the least dispute subsisting between the 
Emperor of Morocco, or any of his subjects, and us ; and his 
Imperial Majesty seems inclined to continue in this disposition. 
But the Spaniards have, since the peace with the Moors, taken 
from Barbary so much cattle, corn, Hour, fcc, that he fears the 
garrison of Gibraltar will not be in future so well supplied as 
heretofore. This convention between the Moors and Spaniards 
can by no means be advantageous to England, and he would 
gladly embrace any opportunity of setting them at variance 
again, if he thought it would be approved of at home, especially 
as the Spaniards are doing everything in their power to give the 
iloors an ill impression of us. — Gibraltar Bay. 2^ JU^- 

825. " Monsieur Jaques Renaud Boullier, elected one of the 
ministers of the French church in the Savoy on the 18th of 
November 1767, and presented to the Secretary of State by the 
Bishop of London on the 81st of March 1768." 

" Note delivered to my Lord Weymouth." 



Earl of Shelburne to 
Ireland. 



the Lord Lieutenant of 



Lord Ravensworth having, during his, Lord Shelburne's, absence 
from town, acquainted Lord Weymouth that he was in expectation 
of an answer from his Excellency in regard to the request of 
Lieut. Joseph Liddell Farrer, of the 61st Regiment, who purchased 
his commission, and now desired to sell out at the Regulation price, 
but that the thing would bear no delay, as Mr. Farrer had a 
promise of a captain's commission in the East India Company's 
service, and in that case ^vould be obliged to go on board one of 
the Company's ships on Monday or Tuesday last. Lord Weymouth 
laid it immediately before the King, who gave his consent. Desir- 
ing his Excellency, therefore, to write an official letter for this 
purpose, dated some days before the 2.5th of March, the daj^ of 
Lord Ravensworth's application. A draff, marked "Private." 

Also, the application from Lord Ravensworth, and a certificate 
from General Gray, commanding the 61st Regiment. 6 pp. 

827. Mediterranean Pa.s.ses. 

A series of letters and reports about the misbehaviour of Peter 
Horseman in connexion with a Mediterranean pass, an unjust 
prosecution of three of the crew for cftences alleged to have ))eeii 
eonunitted at Spithead, and the complications that arose out of 

X 



322 CALENDAR OF 

17G8. 

the same with the magistrates of Ostend, — Mr. Thomas Mortimei-, 
the Vice-consul i at Ostend, having forwarded the passport to the 
Lords of the Admiralty. 

The pass was said to have been made out for another vessel of 
the same name, which was sunk l;y the master to defraud the 
insurers. 25 pp. or parts of p)p>. 

4 April. 828. Earl of Shelbuene to the Lords of the Admiralty. 

Admiralty Encloses a copy of a memorial from Count Viry, representing 

iTec^si^^'^'g ^^^^ desire of his Sardinian Majesty that orders may be given to 
prevent the slaves employed in the works at Limpia from making 
their escape on board the boats of any of H.M.'s ships, and also a 
copy of a late letter from Mr. Potter, charged with His Majesty's 
affairs at Turin, and of the enclosures therein, on the same subject. 
It is His Majesty's pleasure that they give any orders thereupon 
they shall think proper, and communicate them or their opinion, 
so that an answer may be given to the Sardinian Minister, His 
Majesty being inclined to show all the attention which the nature 
of the case will admit. 

■3 April. 829, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshexd) to the Earl 

Ireland, OF SHELBURNE. 

'&oA:fii\ c. Transmittmg lists of nine Public and three Private Bills, sealed 

this day in Coimcil, forming the fifth and last transmiss of the 
session. 

The lists. o\ pp. 

5 & G April. 830. Robert Wood to Sir J. Fielding. 

■^""Vr'"''-^^'^'' " ^0^'^ Weymouth has been informed that Mr. Stuart, the wine 
^ ■"'''''■ " merchant, iipon application to you for assistance against the mob 
on the night of the illumination, had not met with that support 
Avhich he had I'easou to expect from the civil magistrate. Though 
this account does not agree with what his Lordship had conceived 
of your vigilance and activity, yet he has ordered me to acquaint 
you with it, and to add that though, on the one hand, he relies 
much on your zeal, and is ready to do justice to your diligence at the 
time of the late riotous proceedings, yet, on the other, he thinks it 
his indispensable duty to take notice of any remissness in a 
magistrate upon whom so much of the public order and tranquillity 
depends ; and if Mr. Stuart's account of this matter be founded, 
his Lordship desii'es that I will let you know it wiU very much 
change that favourable opinion which he wishes to preserve of 
you. His Lordship thinks it would be unfair towards you as weU 
as to the public to keep this matter from you, though Mi\ Stuart 
has not given it in as matter of formal complaint, but merely for 
the Secretary of State's information. Lord Weymouth is willing 
to suppose there must be some mistake in what ho has heard. 

"P.S. — As Lord Weymouth had taken every j^recaution that 
could be imagined in order to support magistracy and give weight 
to your proceedings, he is disappointed to find that there should 
be any complaint ; and though he despises clamour he must pay 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 323 



attention to facts lU'gecl liy a citizen of eliaracter ; and I heartily 
■\visli yon may put it in his power to set you clear of imputation, 
wliich is his wish also." 

kT'siP xo^'ig' '^''"-' ^'^'^^y *° *^"^ ^^^^'^^' ^^ ^^'^^^^'-^ ^''^^ ■"'^^^• 

'"^ ■ " ' ^ "■ ■ Sir John Fielding gives a history of the transactions of the night, 

and says that, to the best of his knowledge, and to the best of 
his abilities, with unwearied attention, diligence, and application, 
he has done everything in his jDower to jDreserve peace and good 
order, and to detect oiJenders and bring them to justice, from the 
beginning to the conclusion of the late unliappy disturbances. Is 
sincerely concerned if in any respect Mr. Steward mistook his 
meaning, and more so that Lord Weymouth should be dissatisfied 
with his conduct as a magistrate. Unfortimate he has always 
been ; at present particidarly so, when hi.s warmest endeavours to 
discharge a public trust with loyalty to his Sovereign, fidelity to his 
country, and obedience to his superiors have been so far inefli'ectual 
as not to secure him the confidence of those by wdiom he would 
wish to be approved. — Bow Street. 

6 April. 831. Lord Lieutexant of Ireland (Towx.shendj to the 

Ireland, EaRL OF ShELBURXE. 

' ' ^ ■ " Lord Frederick Campbell arrived last Thursday, from whom 

his Excellency received such further lights upon the sentiments 
of the King's servants as it was judged proper he should bring. 
Thought it unnecessary, as everybody was before engaged in their 
elections, to communicate till his Lordship's aiiival the determina- 
tion of His Majesty that the Augmentation .should be laid before 
Parliament. No instructions from other counties have hitherto 
followed the example of those from the county of Dublin ; and 
as most of the assizes have been held, has great hopes that 
the acclamations upon the gracious marks of His Majesty's 
favour will not be turned into an opposition to this ineasui'e 
calculated for its preservation. Nothing shall be wanting on 
his part to carry His Majesty's orders into execution exactly 
as he is commanded. Nor will he again trouble His Majesty's 
servants with any further representation, however earnestly it is 
the general wish of every person here, from the highest to tho 
lowest, that this Parliament should instantly be dissolved, and the 
Augmentation be proposed in the next, which might meet in the 
month of June or July next, where men woidd be at liberty to 
act freely, and where no other material business need bo gone 
into. Can have no doubts Avhen he receives His Majesty's com- 
mands ; and hopes to be pardoned if, when he humljly laid befoi-e 
him the sentiments of the principal persons and circumstances of 
Ireland, he has appeared tedious. The only motive for being so 
particular was that His Majesty might the better judge of the 
event. Will esteem it one of the most fortunate ]3eriods of his 
life if any credit which he may have derived from the high 
situation assigned to him, or from the communication of the most 
gracious marks of the King's Royal favour to the pe ople, may 
enable him to contribute to the success of His Majesty's service. 



324. 



CALENDAR OF 



17G8. 



April. 

i.EntryPA-., 



7 April. 

Ireland, 

V.433, No. 3. 

Entered in 

Ireland 

Correspnce., 

1761-70, p. 143. 



Between 
2 Feb. and 

9 April. 
Lett.Bk., 8ec.V, 
1700-71, p. 17. 



12 Apri 

Ireland, 
r. 433, No. 



13 April, 

Church Bk., 

Scotland, 
761-89, No.SS 



Begs his Lordsliip to assure the King of his dutiful submission 
to His Majesty's commands on all occasions. For his own par- 
ticular, he will never think himself at liberty to distinguish 
between climate or situation when His Majesty shall think fit to 
employ him. — Dublin Castle. Marhcd "Private." 3 p^j. 

832. Eaul of Shelburnk to Lord Hillsborough. 
Enclosing a copy of a letter from the Earl of Rochford, H.M.'s 

Ambassador at Paris, and of the memorial therein mentioned of 
Mr. Le Jcuiie, concerning a suit which he has depending in the 
Court of Chancery of the Island of Grenada, to be I'ecommended, 
if his Lordship shall think proper, to the Governor of the said 
Island. 

833. The Same to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Relative to the request that Capt. French, thr tenth cajitain of 

the 48th Regiment, who purchased all his comini-sujus at a higher 
price than what is established by the late Regulations, may have 
leave to sell at the regulated price. His Majesty has not thought 
proper to comply with the same, and cannot permit tenth comjaany 
officers to sell out as if they were actually serving in the regiments 
in which they were reduced. ^1 draft. 1 j tip. 

834. RoBT. Wood to Mr. Sutton. 

Enclosing an exti'act from Sir Joseph Yorke's letter of the 2Gth 
past, relative to a proposal of the Greffier to submit the disputes 
subsisting between the two Consuls at Algiers to an amicable 
adjustment. Asks for Lord Shelburne's opinion whether that idea 
is to be adopted or rejected. 

835. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the 

Earl of Shelburne. 
Acknowledging the receipt of his Lordship's private letter of the 
2nd inst. as to Lieutenant Farrer. Had before received a letter 
on the same subject from Sir Robert Wilmot, and had directed 
that the commanding officer of the regiment should as soon as 
possible lay before him a memorial for the purpose aforesaid ; 
which has not yet been done, from a difficulty of finding a proper 
person to purchase the colours. The moment the succession is 
settled, will transmit it in proper ofKce form. 1^ j)p. 

836. Earl of Glasgow to Lord Weymouth. 

It is his duty to state that, having been appointed H.M.'s Com- 
missioni.T td tlic last inciting of the General Assembly of the Church 
of Scutluiid, \\v aiiiH.inti'd their next meeting for 19 May 17<JS. 
R.-quoststn bi' ivcdiiiinciided to His Majesty to be continued in the 
otHce of High Commissioner for this year. — Edinburgh. 



18 Apri 

Dom.EiitrvI 
V. 25, p.' 5 



337. Secretary- AT- War (Barrington) to the SaiMe. 

There are at Newcastle four companies of BrudneU's, and one at 
Gateshead, a suburb of Newcastle. There is also a squadron of 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 325 



17G8. 

Waklegrave's dragoon guards at Newcastle, and a company of 
invalids at Cliftbrd's Fort, which is in the neighbourhood. Is very- 
desirous that a whole regiment should always he at Newcastle, 
but there are such demands everywhere for troops to assist the 
civil magistrate that he does not know from whence such a force 
can conveniently be taken. The magistrates of Newcastle seem 
well contented with the number of troops now there, but there 
will often be fresh riots in that country till some proper example 
is made by punishment of the oflenders. 

13 April. 838. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshknd) to the 

Ireland, EaRL OF ShELBUENE. 

Xov^ -'Oa b Transmitting addresses of thanks to the King upon the return 

and 21 a,'ii.' of the Bill for limiting the duration of Parliaments, from the High 

Sheriff and Grand Jury of the county of Kilkenny, and from the 

Sheriff, Grand Jury, and fi-eeholders of the county of Down. 

Separate letters. 

The addresses are also bound in. 2 iip. and 2 mernhs. 

12 and 14 839. Duke of Northumberland to H.M.'s Principal Secre- 
April. taries of State. 

Dom.Entry Bk., jj^g received within these few days several letters from New- 
^■"^'''''' ''"^ ' castle, giving an account of a very riotous spirit having broken 
out auKUi^- the .■<ail(>rs and ntln'i- ]MTsuns in that place and its 
neighlxiiirlHHiil, wlm Imxc (•niiiniiii id many outrages, a continuance 
of which is still -ivatly to !"■ apiTrliciidrd. His Grace enters into 
full particulars. The Mayor and (itjnr iiia-istiat<;s i.f Newcastle, 
and the justices of N.ntliiinilK rland ami Diiiliam, lia\c ]ivvn very 
vigilant and active on this (lecasidu, but it is their iiniti/d request, 
in which his Grace joins, that a regiment might be quartered and 
continued in Newcastle and the neighbourhood. — Northumberland 
House, 12 April. 

Eeply fi'om Lord Weymouth, dated the 14th, enclosing a copy 
of the letter written in consequence to the Secretary-at-War, 
directing him tn gi\'e orders for detaining the ti-oops at Newcastle 
and the miMlilioiulioodwhich are now there, and to report whether 
the present disposition of the troops in that part of the world may 
not admit of an alteration winch may answer the pui'poses of 
support to the civil magistrate. 
The letter referred tn. 

13 and 14 840. The Same to the Same. 

April. Submitting whether it may not be expedient that certain arms 

Dom.EntryBk., belonging to the Middlesex militia, deposited in the vestry rooms 
v.2o, pp. ai-4. am^l other places of little security in Westminster and the neigh- 
bourhood of London, should be removed to the Tower, in case 
there should be reason to fear a renewal of the mobs and riotous 
assemblies. 

Lord WcynK.iith's reply, dated the 14tii. It is higldy improper 
that armu should at any time lie de}iosited in jilaces of little 



CALENDAR OF 



14 April. 

Criml. Papers 
1766-70, p.22: 



14 April. 

Dom.EntryBk., 

V. 25, p. 47. 



Recurity, and particularly at present when so riotous a disposition 
appears among the populace. But as there are objections to de- 
positing those arms now in the Tower, his Grace is to take all 
possible precautions for the present by giving the necessary orders 
for particular attention and vigilance upon this occasion ; and in 
case of an attempt by the populace to possess themselves of the 
arms, is to call out the military, orders having been issued to the 
Secretary-at-War to support the civil magistrate upon every 
necessary occasion. 

841. Lord Weymouth to John Calcraft, Esq. 

Is extremely sorry to find that any expectations of mercy should 
have been raised in the mind of the unhappy young man who was 
found guilty of forgery at Pool. Did not delay a moment laying 
before tlie King the petition in the condemnecl's favour ; but HLs 
Majesty was cleaidy of opinion that no reference should be made 
to the Judge, nor any respite sent, in a crime of so dangerous a 
natiu-e, particularly in a commercial cormtry, unless there appeared 
some new circumstances which could not have come to the 
Judge's knowledge to authorize it. 

842. The S.uiE to Lord Onslow. 

The same as that of March 29 to the Duke of Northumberland, 
with some verbal changes. 



14 April. 

Ireland, 

V. 433, No. 13. 

Entered in 

Ireland 

Correspnce., 

I761-70,p. 146 

19 April. 

Ireland, 

V.433, 

Ko. 26 a,b,c. 



843. [Earl of Shelburne] to the Lord Lieutenant of 

1kel.\nd. 
Relative to Lieut.-Col. Chenevix's proposal as to a mode of 
creating a fimd for pensions for widows of oiEcers of the Royal 
Irish Artillery. His Majesty did not come to any immediate 
determination thereupon. A draft, '^k fP- 

844. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Town.shend) to the 

Earl of Shelburne. 
The House . of Commons met this day, when Lord Fredei'ick 
Campbell presented his Excellency's message concerning the 
Augmentation, a copy of which is enclosed, and which is to be 
considered in a Committee of the whole House on the 2nd of May, 
on which day the House is to be called over. As there was no 
business depending. Lord Frederick had dii-ections, in order to 
prevent any disagreeable motions that were expected, to signify 
his Excellency's pleasure to the House to adjourn till May 2. 
But this was opposed on the pretence that the Militia Bill could 
not be considered ; and though no instance could be produced of 
a negative given to a message of this kind coming in form from 
Government, the House was divided upon it; it was, however, 
carried in the affii-mative, — 80 to 4G. Wishes he could 
form any judgment of the success of the main question ; but at 
present there is a strong appearance of opposition to it. Believes 
• many who wish well to His Majesty's service will be afraid to 
sup]iort it, on the eve of a general election, with that zeal that 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



327 



21 A|. 



21 April. 

Treas.EntryBk., 
1763-75, p. 228. 



23 April. 

Church Bk., 
Scotland, 
1761-89, 
pp. 92-8. 



they would exert at another time. Will use, however, every 
mean,'! in hi.s power to engage them to the support of it. — Dublin 
Castle. 

A copy of the message, and a report of the proceedings of the 
House of Commons on April 19. 5^ 'pP- 

845. The Same to the Same. 

iMicloses a copy of a message delivered to the House of Lords 
this day concerning the Augmentation, when Tuesday the 3rd of 
next month was appointed for taking the same into consideration, 
when all the Lords in town are to be summoned to attend. Imme- 
diately after this the Lord Chancellor signified his Excellency's 
pleasure to the House to adjourn itself till Monday the 2nd of 
next month, which was carried on a division, — contents 28, non- 
contents 7. Nothing extraordinary passed, but that, after the 
division was told. Lord Moimtmorres gave notice in form that 
some of the Lords in the minority intended to protest. Finds 
upon enquiry that this was the first division in the House of Lords, 
as well as in the House of Commons, upon a message for adjourn- 
ment signified m form from the Lord Lieutenant. 

The message. 4 pp. or parts of pp. 

846. The Earl of Shelburxe to the Lords of the 

Treasury. 
Encloses the copy of a letter from the Count du Chatelet, the 
French Ambassador, containing a complaint of the captain of the 
French vessel, the " Marianne," of Nantes, stranded near Laugharne, 
in Carmarthenshire, that he has not met with the assistance he 
expected from the officers of the Crown, and that an exorbitant 
salvage has been exacted from him. Suggests measures to be 
taken in consequence, &c. 

847. Earl of Glasgow, H.M.'s Commissioner to the General 

Assembly of the Church of Scotland. 

Instructions, private instructions, and additional private in- 
structions. [Similar to those of previous years.] 

A letter from Lord Weymouth, enclosing the aliove, and his 
commission, &c. 



23 Aprd. 

Church Bk., 



848. Mr. Egbert Wood to Thomas Bradshaw, Esq. 

Asking him to move the Lords of the Ti-easury to order the 
usual warrants for the salary of the Commissioner, and His 
Majesty's annual gift for propagating the Reformed Religion in the 
Highlands and Islands. 



23 April. 849. Earl of Siieleurne to the Lord Lieutenant of 

Ireland, IRELAND. 

V. 433, No. 24. 

^Irdami'" addresses transmitted very graciously. 

Correspnce., 
1761-70,p. 147. 



Acknowledging receipt of letters, .S:c. His Majesty received the 



328 CALENDAU OF 



1768. 
23 April. 850. Tlie Same to the Same. 
Ii\-i;ind, His Excellency will have received by the return of the mes- 

V. 4.3.3, No. -2.5. s^enger such Bills as have been approved in Council. The Bill for 
the better securing the liberty of the subject has not been thought 
proper to be returned, from the opinion of all H.M.'s law servants 
that its provisions are not yet safe in Ireland, where the Roman 
Catholic religion is still so ]irevalent, and where there is not yet 
such a check on riots and clisordrrs, wliicli are but too frequent 
from their not being, in certain casr,~, capital oti'ences as in England 
by stat. 1 Geo. I. cap. 5., whereas in li'rland they remain only 
misdemeanours at common law. This Bill likewise goes further 
than that sent over in 17CG, by transcribing from the Act of 
31 Car. II. certain clauses declaring it false imprisonment where 
any inhabitant or resident of Ireland shall be sent prisoner to 
England or elsewhere out of Ireland, and giving damages not 
under 500?., with the exception only of such resident being sent 
for trial to another country if he should have committed a capital 
ofl'ence there. The established course of the Courts of Justice 
with regard to the writ of Habeas corpus is also, as the law now 
stands, very easy in practice and salutaiy to the subject. A draft. 
" Private." 2| 2^P- 

23 April. 851. Robert Wood to Mr. Francis. 
Lett. Bk., See's, Lord Wcymouth, on hearing the account of the liehaviour of the 

1766-,!, p. 18. Sheriff's officers relative to the orders they had received to arrest 
Mr. Wilkes, expressed much surprise at the shameful and negligent 
manner in which that matter has been conducted. As his Lord- 
ship has already spoken to the Attorney General on that head, he 
makes no doubt but all proper attention will be paid to it, and 
that he, Mr. Francis, will have directions how to proceed. — 
St. James's. 

8to25April. 852. Proceedings as to a Reprieve. 

Crimi. Papers, Letters, reports, and affidavits relating to the case of three 

^'fss-'"'" soldiers, John Styles, James Oliver, and James Owen, who were 
223-4, and' convictcd before Mr. Justice Willes at Exeter, and sentenced to 
2-28-40. death, for a rape, attended with many atrocious and affijcting cir- 

cumstances. It finally comes out that in one particular regarding 
herself the prosecutrix had committed perjury on the trial, but 
nothing ap]3ears to lessen the atrocity of the crime. The Judge, 
nevertheless, desired to prevent "so dreadful a carnage " (p. 188) 
as the death of the three criminals, but could not point out any 
one for mercy. At first the clergy and gentlemen of the army at 
Exeter were very much at variance with each other on the 
occasion (p. 189), but afterwards worked in concert (p. 234), and 
at last were so fully convinced of the prosecutrix's perjury that 
they most ardently and sincerely wished His Majesty's mercy 
might be extended to all the prisoners rather than be confined to 
any one or two of them (p. 239). The last letter (p. 240) from 
Lord Weymouth to Mr. Justice Willes concludes thus: — "His 
" Majesty well remembers that under your last reprieve their 



t 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 329 



" execution is fixed for Monday the 2nd of May next, but as you 
" suggest nothing, he has no further orders to give on that liead." 
Indri'd, throughout, it is clearly shown that His Majesty would 
do udthiiig without an explicit opinion from the Judge as to which 
111' till- pris'iiiiTs sliould have mercy shown to him or them ; which 
ojnnion tlie Judge said he could not give. 

The details of tlie crime, and many other circiunstances, are fully 
set out. 

2.5 April. 853. Lord Weymouth to the Secretary-at-War. 
Dora.Enfrylil;., Directing him to give orders for carrying into execution the 

■^•"•>>p- /'*■ alterations proposed m the Quartermaster General's report relative 

to the disposition of troops, in order to have a regiment in tlie 

town and neighbourhood of Newcastle. 

20 April. 854. Earl of Sheli!ltr\e to the Lord Lieutenant of 

IreUmd, IRELAND. 

V. 433, No. -27. Writes only to acknowledge the private letters of the 6th and 

19th inst. His Majesty is entirely satisfied with his zeal, and is 
persuaded that nothing will be wanting on his Excellency's part 
towards carrying his orders into execution. Has nothing left to 
add, except sincere wishes for the success of this measure of the 
Augmentation. A draft, marked "Private." Ih pp. 

27 April. 855. The Same to Lord Hillsborough. 

Dom.EntrjBk., Enclosing a copy of a letter just received from Mons. du C'ha- 
V.24, p. 1,8. i^i^.^^ the Fi-ench Ambassador, in favour of Mr. de Cazenovc, who 
has some concerns in H.M.'s Island of Grenada. His Lordship, if 
he sliall think ]iroper, is to recommend him to the protection of 
Mr. ilelvill, H.M.'s Governor, and to such assistance as he may 
pr(.)perly affoixl him towards the recovery of his just debts. 

28 April. 856. Guey Cooper to Eichaed Sutton, Esq. 

Doin. Geo. III., Encloses copies of two letters relating to the French ship wrecked 
Nos^'Hab c ^"^ ^^^ coast of Wales.— Treasury Chambers. 

The enclosures. They relate to the ship " Mary Ann," wrecked 
at Laugharne, and plimdered by the inhabitants. It was imagined 
that the prosecution of the wreckers was the business of Lady 
Maud, the lady of the manor. 3 j pp. 

29 April. 857. The Attorney General to Lord Shelburne. 

])om. Geo. III., Asks for the communication of any information from Ireland 

pc.^o.iO. -2. ^Y^^^ maybe proper for perusal in settling the Public Irish Bills 
now lying before him and the Solicitor. 1 p. 
29 April. 858. Sir Robert Wilmot to the Same. 
Dom. Geo.lll., Relative to the insertion of the word " Royal '' in the Bill for 
pel. so, No. 23. b^iijing an Exchange in the city of Dublin, 'l p. 

29 April. 859. Earl of Shelburne to the Lords of the Treasury. 
Trciis.EntrvBk., An unavoidable expense has been incurred in the liianngement 
IT*23l-i. *^'' Ji-^l-"« 'affairs at Algiers since 14 Dec. I7(i.'), bey(jnd the usual 

charges of that Consulship, particularly from the accession of a 



330 CALENDAR OF 

17G8 

new Dey, and from Mr. Sampson having been sent out from 
England with the full salary and extraordinaries, and the leng-fch 
of time elapsed before his arrival there. Explains the several 
demands that have been made, and what part His Majesty has 
allowed.— Whitehall. 

SO April. 860. Opokto Merchaxts. 

Dom. Geo. III., Eepresentatiou liy the Committee of Oporto Merchants of the 

pel. so, No. 24. grievances arising out of the King of Portugal's edict of 16 Jan. 

last, which is a comSrmation and extension of the power granted 

to the monopoly company of Alto D'Ouro, thereby enhancing the 

price of wines. — London. Ih pp- 

30 April. 861. Lord Lieutexaxt of Ireland (Towxshexd) to the 
jjgjanc,^ Earl of .Shelburxe. 

^^ ^- -iS'l-' , Has received the letter of the 23rd inst., &c.— Dublin Castle. 

Nos. 34,3.Ta,b. 

1 2h 

Another letter, transmitting a memorial recommending an 
exchange. 
The memorial. 2 pp. 

3 May. 862. The Same to the Sajie. 

Ireland, Yesterday the House of Commons resolved itself into a Com- 

o'/^\ mittee of the whole House to consider his message of the 19th; to 

" ' ' which IVIi'. Conolly made the enclosed motion for an address to His 
Majesty, and was seconded by Mr. Thos. Dawson, knight of the 
shire for the county of Monaghan. The reason of his Excellency's 
concurring in this address was the certain intelligence he had 
received that, after the utmost canvassing on each side, the 
numbers would run very near, and that there was no other 
chance of obtainmg a majority than the holding out the strongest 
security that this country should not at any time be left with 
less than 12,000 men within it, except in the case of an actual 
invasion or rebellion in Great Britain. Was the more inclined 
to give way to an address of this sort, as he was certain that 
the whole tm-ned upon the answer His Majesty would give 
to the demand. Is very sorry, however, to say that, notwith- 
standing every effort which was made, and every support given 
bj' the country gentlemen, who, to secure the success of this 
measure, had advised to have it postponed to another session, the 
address was rejected by 108 against 104. A motion was then made 
for an address to his Excellency, setting forth the inability of the 
country to bear the additional expense of this augmentation ; but 
it being then two o'clock in the morning, that motion was not gone 
into. The chairman not being directed to ask leave to sit again, the 
Committee, of course, was closed. This day the enclosed motion 
w^as made, which is considerably altered from that proposed before, 
and which, after a debate lasting from three in the afternoon till 
nine at night, was at last carried by 10-5 against 101. 

It is impossible for him immediately to submit to His JIajesty's 
consideration what may be necessary to be done in support of 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 



331 



those who have during the whole of this session uniformly sup- 
ported Government, or in resentment to those who have as 
uniformly obstructed the carrying into execution His Majesty's 
intentions. Will only say at present that the Earl of Shannon, 
Mr. Speaker, Mr. Prime Serjeant, Mr. Attorney General, and 
Mr. Serjeant Dennis have, both in public and in private, taken 
every method, by themselves and by their friends, to defeat the 
measiu'e. Will very soon, however, lay his sentiments befoi-e 
His Majesty upon this important business. A motion of the same 
sort with that which was first proposed in the House of Commons 
was this day moved in the House of Lords by Lord Carrick (whose 
zeal for His Majesty's service his Excellency cannot too highly 
commend), and was carried by 49 against 9. Not having as yet 
seen the Chancellor, it is impossible at present for him to send 
the addi-ess, or to say exactly what passed in that House. — 
Dublin Castle. 

Copies of the two motions. 5A jyp. 



19 April 

and 

2, 3, & 4 May. 

Ireland, 

v. 43.3, 

Nos. 29-31. 

5 May. 



Entered in 

Ireland 

CoiTespnce., 

1761-70,11.148. 



May. 



Ireland, 

V. 433, 

Nos. 37 a, b 

and 39 a, h 



863. Ireland. 

Printed Votes of the House of Commons of L'eland, of these 
dates. 21 jip. 



864. Eakl of Shelbukne to the Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland. 
Acknowledging letters of 18 March and 21 April, &c. ^1 draft. 
I p. 



865. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townsiiend) to the Earl 
OF Shelburne. 

Transmitting the address from the House of Lords to the King, 
relative to the proposed augmentation, and a copy of their address 
to his Excellency, with his'answers thereto. — Dublin Castle. 

The addi-esses. 4 2^p. 

Another letter, enclosing returns of the 54th and 53rd Regiments, 
which arrived at Cork on the 23rd and 24th past respectively. 
Has ordered a General Officer forthwith to repair to Cork, to 
examine the men, and discharge such as are unfit for service- 
Dublin Castle. 

The returns. 3 pl'- 



7 May. 

Dom.EnlryBk., 
V.25, p. 119. 



866. Sir John Fielding to Mr. Wood. 

Sends an account of his proceedings in connexion with the 
assembling of the seamen at the Queen's House with an intention 
to petition His Majesty relative to their wages. Eeports every- 
thing in a state of tranquillity. — Bow Street, 9 o'clock. 



332 CALENDAR OF 



1768. 
7 Maj^ 867. Earl of Shelburxe to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
Ireland, Hopes he will have received the seven Bills retiu-ned by the nies- 

T.43.!, No. 33. ^f.j-iger. The Bill for the encouragement of tillage and navigation 
hy granting a bounty on the carriage of corn coastwise has been 
returned with the alteration of being made temporary. If a Bill 
should be proposed in the next Parliament for the continuance of 
this liounty, it is expected that care will be taken to make some 
other provision without breaking into H.M.'s hereditary revenue, 
Avhich should not be touched without previously knowing His 
Majesty's pleasure. The Bill to enable Papists to lend money to 
Protestants on mortgages of lands, &c. in Ireland, has been far 
from being disajjproved by the Council ; but as some of the Council 
suggested certain effects it would have in regard to the system 
of laws against Popery, as well as some other dangerous con- 
sequences, and as his Excellency had not written anything on the 
subject, it was thought more secure to let it go over to another 
session, when, in the meanwhile, His Majesty may be informed 
more particularly of the grounds on Avhich it was proposed, and 
the sentiments of principal persons upon it. A drajf, marked 
" Private." 3| 2>/>. 

7 May. 868. Ireland. 

Ireland, Printed Votes of the House of Commons of Ireland of this 

V. 43.3, No. 43. ,,^_^, g ,^,^, 

9 May. 869. Intelligence received from the' Earl of Hillsborough. 
Dom.Entr.vl5k., The confusion is still increasing. The sailors have this morning 
Y. 2j, p. 80. completed what was before unfinished with respect to immanning 
and otherwise disabling all the ships in the river from sailing. 
One only attempted to escape, but unsuccessfully. They have 
appointed Stepney Fields for their rendezvous, where about 5,000 
or 0,000 are now assembled. The watermen have likewise been 
]in'ssing all then- corps to join them, and this morning the coal- 
ht:n ers have taken the same resolution. They have given out 
tliat they intend by and bye to pay a visit to the Corn Market in 
Mark Lane, which causes much confusion there. — Navy Office, 
" near 12 o'clock." 

9 May. 870. Daniel Ponton, Chairman of the Southwark Session.s, to 

Dom.EntryBk., MR. WOOD. 

^^•j^'^^^ Enclosing a letter to Lord .Weymouth on the alarming pro- 

''''■'"'' ' ' ceedings of the sailors. [See preceding.] 

The letter to Lord Weymouth. The origin of those disturbances 
ajipears most certainly to be that of Newcastle; and from the 
ailvautages (which for Avant of power could not be prevented) 
obtained liy them at that place, they are encouraged to make this 
dangerous ' attempt here. The consequence has been a total 
stagnation of trade on the river. In regard to the article of 
wa"-es, there can be no stipulated contract on that accomit. The 
trade and shipping is so much reduced, that there are few or none 
that proceed upon a voyage, allowing for the decrease of caiiital, but 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 333 



1768. 

what sink money. Suggests amendment of the Provision Bill by 
extending the importation, and of the Seamen's Act, " in the merchant 
" service, to the support of which, every seaman, when emjiloyed, 
" pays Gd. per month ; but at present is by much inadequate to 
" the many claimants." Something of this sort might do service, 
and " keep at least the marine of the kingdom pacifique, with the 
" assistance of Providence by plentiful seasons." 

Makes suggestions for dispersing the dangerous assembly, (ice. 

10 May. 871. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Townshend) to the Earl 

Ireland, OF [ShELBURNE]. 

.4.33, i 0.42. Proposes, as soon as the Bills which remain to be retui-ned from 

England shall have been transmitted hither and passed through 
the Houses, to prorogue Parliament to some short day previous 
to June i-ith next, when it will be determined. From the day 
on which the Royal assent was given to the Octennial Bill, the 
gentlemen have been almost totally employed in soliciting votes 
and interest. Many of the counties and boroughs are strongly 
contested, and considerable sums of money have been already 
lavished, to the great encouragement of idleness and riot amongst 
the common people, and to the great injury of the private fortunes 
of the candidates. It is, therefore, highly important to put a stop 
to these mischiefs, which can only be done by the immediate 
dissolution of the present, and issuing writs for a new Parliament 
as soon as po^silile. This is most ardently desired and recom- 
mended, ii'.t (.Illy by His Majesty's principal servants, but by other 
persons of tln^ first weight and distinction. Concurring with them 
in opinion that it will not only save the country from becoming a 
scene of dissipation and animosity, but be received as a peculiar 
mark of His Majesty's goodness, proposes that the Parliament be 
dissolved on the day next after the iirorogation, and writs for a 
new one issued as soon as proper Bills can be transmitted from 
the Council to England as the cause for calling a new Parliament, 
and to be offered to each House as usual at the opening of the 
session, and returned under the Great Seal of Great Britain with 
His Majesty's commission for calling a new Parliament. As the 
writs will not be returnable in less than 40 days, there will be 
sufficient time for His Majesty to determine whether the new 
Parliament shall assemble upon the return of the writs, or be 
prorogued from time to time, as was done in 17G1 on the acce.ssion 
of His Majesty. — Dublin Castle. 

10 May. 872. The Same to the Sa.me. 
ireLiDci, Is confident that when the King comes to reflect on certain 

Xo^44 ff til i passages in Iris Excellency's letters, he can be no stranger to the 
scandalous cause of the miscarriage of his gracious intentions for 
the public service and the particular security of Ireland ; — the 
more so from the manner in which this matter was laid before the 
Committee. It was clearly made out that, so far from any addi- 
tional vote of credit being wanted, the money already voted would be 
sufficient until the meeting of Parliament again in the usual course, 



334 CALENDAR OF 



to answer the whole expense of the estimate enclosed., marked A., 
which was in that manner proposed to the House. The enclosed 
estimate marked B. will explain why no vote of credit was neces- 
sary. And when it is considered that the expenses of Government 
therein are put upon the highest calculation, and the revenue upon 
the lowest, it will be seen that no reasonable doubt could be 
entertained on that head ; particulaily as, from the enclosed com- 
jtarison marked G. of the nine months ending at Christmas 17GG 
with the nine months ending at Christmas 1707, the revenues, even 
under their present management, are increasing to a considerable 
degree. It is impossible to ex2:ilain the state of the country more 
fully than has been already done in his letters, and through Lord 
Frederick Campbell. From these representations His Majesty will 
be convinced upon what grounds many of the leading interests of 
this kingdom have hitherto xmdertaken to carry on H.M.'s affairs ; 
and why, when difficulties have arisen or been artificially created, 
Government has generally been defeated by its o\m. strength. At 
all events, this last shameful refusal cannot leave a doubt m His 
Majesty's mind on the subject. That the King may know how 
many of his principal servants and of those peculiarly indebted to 
his goodness have ventured to support the interest and ambition 
of a few individuals, has sent the (three) enclosed lists, taken with 
all possible exactness, setting forth in what manner the several 
members voted who could by any means be prevailed upon to 
attend this important question. As he formerly ventured, thi-ough 
Lord Frederick Campbell, to submit to the King and his servants 
his opinion that the most effectual means to restore vigour to this 
Government would be keei^ing Ireland imder the constant atten- 
tion of a resident Governor, in whose hands ought to be pilaced, 
subject to the control of H.M.'s Treasury in England, the absolute 
disposal of the several offices of the revenue, so is now confirmed 
more and more in that opinion, from the great weight some of the 
Commissioners have been able to exert over several members who 
are at present officers under them, and whose conduct on this 
occasion cannot otherwise be accounted for. But as these are 
remedies which can only operate by degrees, if approved of, cannot 
helji wishuig to know whether some pei'sons in the diflerent 
branches of the service ought not to be immediately marked as 
the particular objects of His Majesty's displeasure. For his own 
part, will only say that amongst those who, during this remark- 
able session, have supported the King's Government with constancy 
and firmnesis, without so much as . hinting at any consideration, 
there are many men of the first abilities, of the gxeatest .integrity 
and property, who, if changes be thought necessary, could be 
recommended to His Majesty as servants who woidd carry on 
public business with safety and credit. Can say this with the 
greatest certainty, because, after having repeatedly given their 
advice to postpone the augmentation till their elections should 
be over, and themselves at liberty, yet, from the instant they knew 
the King's deteviniiKitiun to try this measure immediately (which 
in principli' aiipraivd to tliLia right), they did, in ptiblic and in 
private, with tlieir interests and abilities, at tho hazard of their 



HOME OFFICE PAPERS. 335 



17G8. 



elections, give the utmost support to carrying it. In this point, 
indeed, they have not been able to succeed ; yet with uncommon 
application they have hitherto been able to resist the temper of the 
people in general fi'om breaking out into violence,— which factious 
and interested men, by great management, thought themselves secure 
of Is not without hopes, too, that when it shall be observed that 
His Majesty's disapprobation is strongly shown to the principal 
opposers of so salutary a measure, the tide of popular resentment 
will be dii-ected against those who have endeavoured to direct 
it against Government itself Has in the private letter of this 
date submitted to His Majesty's consideration some of those 
o-entlemen who ought, he thinks, immediately to be the objects 
of his favour ; the doing which at this time will give great force 
to the Government here, which has hitherto been defeated by 
the weight and through the interests of a few individuals who 
have consulted their own consequence more than the honour and 
dignity of the Cro^vn. Amongst the few things which his Excel- 
lency has had in his power to dispose of, he has only consulted the 
great objects of His Majesty's wishes ; and neither in the promises 
to recommend, nor in the assurances to the independent gentlemen 
Avhich he was authorised by the letter of Feb. 10 to make, has he 
once suffered anything but the merit of those who exerted them- 
selves in the support of Government to have the least effect 
upon him. 

p.S. — To show the increase of trade between Ireland and the 
Plantations since the last war, has sent the enclosed paper, marked 
C, which was very fully stated in the House of Commons. — Dublin 
Castle. 

A printed " Scheme for the Military Establishment of Ireland, 
" and Estimate of the expence for augmenting it to 15,235 
" men," and the enclosures mentioned. A. is headed, " Reasons for 
" having fixed the 1st of January 1769 for placing the intended 
" augmented numbers on the Irish Establishment." There are lists 
of the members who voted for and against the augmentation, and 
of those who were absent, with the places which any of them held. 
33 pp. and G ^'i^. of print 

The two " private letters " of this date alluded to in the pre- 
cedino-. In the fii-st, his Excellency recommends the grant of the 
dignity of an Earl to Lord Viscount Kingston; of a Viscount to 
Barons Blayney, Mounteagle, and Gore ; of a Baron to the following 
members of Parliament, who are persons of considerable property, 
viz., Abraham Creighton, Jolm Eyre, and Dudley