Skip to main content

Full text of "Historical sketches of the Campbell, Pilcher and kindred families : including the Bowen, Russell, Owen, Grant, Goodwin, Amis, Carothers, Hope, Taliaferro, and Powell families"

See other formats

,^3J2w;v,J.i|SS^;■,--,..;-^;J.,,:,^^ . ;. 


Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2010 with funding from 
Brigham Young University 


This book is a 

Preservation Photocopy 

ofan original text. 

Brigham Young UNivERsnY 
Ltorary Preservation Department 

I ^ I < ex 




Campbell/Pilcher and Kindred 


Bowen, Russell, Owen, Grant, Goodwin, 

Amis, Carothers, Hope, Taliaferro, 

and Powell Families 

— BY — 





CoPYKIpUT, 1911, BY 




Introduction 5 

The Campbell Family 7 

The Hamilton Family, 23; The Conyughams, 24; The 

McDonalds, 34; The Van Dyke Family, 115; The Roan 

Family, 121; WilliaiJi 'Cflmpbell and the Battle of 

King's Mountain, 123; Capt. David Campbell, 135; 

William Bowcn Campbell, 142. 

Descendants of Charles and Margaret White McClung 176 

Sketch of some of the Descendants of Robert, Son of Dun- 
can Campbell 1^3 

Descendants of Dougal Campbell. 216; The Willsons, 

232; The Ellisons, 240. 

A Sketch of the Bowen Family 253 

A Sketch of the Russell Family 274 

The Adams Family, 309 ; The Courts Family, 311. 
The Owen Family 317 

The Grant Family, 331; The Goodwin Family. 334; 

The Amis Family, 337. 
'Tilcher Genealogy 343 

Other Branches of the Family, 300. 

The Carothers Family 369 

. The Hope and Meek Families, 377 ; Caruthers, 378. 
The Taliaferro Family 385 

The Powell Family, 415; The Edwards Family, 428; 

Lawrence Smith, -431. 

List of Copies of Old Letters and Mauuscripts 437 

List of Coats of Arms 438 

Index of Military and Civil Services 439 




William Boweii Campbell Frontispiece 

Gov. David Campbell ( Group) 40 

"Montcalm" 48 

Margaret Campbell Pilcber 80 

Mrs. B^-ances Owen Campbell and son 96 

Mary and Margaret Campbell 112 

Mi's. Catberine Bowen Campbell 144 

"Camp-bell" 160 

Cbarles Campbell 192 

Mrs. Sally Alexander Campbell 200 

Samuel Legrand Campbell 208 

John Poage Campbell 216 

John Campbell 232 

The Home of Capt. William Bowen 272 

Dr. John Owen 320 

Mrs. Mary Amis Goodwin Owen 328 

The Home of Mrs. Mary Amis Goodwin Owen 336 

Mrs. Jane Hope Carothers Pilcher 352 

James Stuart Pilcher 368 

Dr. Andrew Meek Carothers 376 

"Sunny Side" 384 

Mi-s. Elizabeth Edwards Taliaferro Pilcher 400 



This genealogy is not the product of an abundance of 
leisure, but rather the work accomplished in time taken 
from the exacting duties of a mother, and housewife. 
From an early age I have enjoyed the study of family 
history, and have pursued it for the past twenty years, 
hoping to leave valuable records, yet it has never 
seemed to me urgent that my manuscripts should be 
published; it is a labor of love freely given for my 
three children — Frances Owen, Stuart Carothers, and 
William Bowen Campbell Pilcher. I expected to leave 
the results of my investigations to them alone, but have 
been persuaded to have these records published, as many 
others desire copies. 

Much of my information has been gathered from 
conversations with my father's mother, Mrs. Cath- 
erine Bowen Campbell, who lived in my father's 
home, "Ccimp-bell," near I^bauon, Tenne.'^see, during 
the last four years of her life. She died at the age of 
eighty-three, a woman of rare intelligence and memory. 
I also gained a vast amount of data from manuscripts 
and letters of Governor David Campbell, who spent 
years in collecting papers in regard to historical facts. 
These were left to my father's sister. Miss Margaret H. 
Campbell, and she gave them to her nephew, Lemuel 
Russell Campbell, of Nashville, Tennessee. Other items 
of interest have been taken from the papers of my 
father, the late Governor William B. Campbell, written 
during the years 1830 to 1867, which are valuable from 
both political and historical standpoints. I have added 
to this collection extracts from general and local his- 
tories, periodicals, and special publications, court, town, 
and church records, authentic family papers and tradi- 
tions, and informaticn acquired by correspondence with 
old persons who were related to or connected with the 



families named in this volume, whose recollection of 
past events and persons have never been placed upon 
record. Valuable assistance has been rendered by my 
husband, James Stuart Pilcher, though he has had 
little time to devote to matters outside of his profession 
— the law. These pages will necessarily be dull and of 
little interest to those who are not related to or con- 
nected with the various families herein mentioned. 
They contain simply chronological sketches of these 

I am indebted to Mr. Charles Campbell, of Ironton, 
Ohio, for manuscripts in regard to the (fescendants of 
Robert and Dugald Campbell, sons of Duncan and 
Mary McCoy Campbell ; also for photographs of some 
of Eobert Campbell's descendants. Mr. Calvin Mc- 
Clung, of Knoxville, Tennessee, has kindly furnished a 
sketch of the McClung family of Tennessee, who are 
also descendants of the above named Duncan and Mary 
McCoy Campbell. 

In the Gencological Sketches, the number prefixing 
the name indicates the generation. 

Maegarbt Campbell Pilcher. 

Nashville, Tenn., August 15, 1910. 


The Descendants of Duncan Campbell and Mary 
McCoy, His Wifb. 

THERE is somethiDg grand in the idea of a colony, 
a body of men and women who strike out for 
themselves in a new country; who cut out their 
homes in the primeval forests, and make their peace 
with the native barbarians. i,^ ^«4. 

The Cavaliers, Huguenots, and Covenanters who set- 
tled Virg^nia^nd thi Carolinas; the Pilgrim Fathers 
in New England, were colonists of whom any mother 
nation might be proud. The Scotch-Irish comprise a 
people whf have exerted a wide influence in American 
history In the seventeenth century and early in the 


eighteenth, they \\ei'c inaiutainiTig in the north of Ire- 
land, where they liad emigrated from Scotland and 
settled, the stern faith of Calvin. I?csides following 
the teachings of John Kiiox, they had a political faith, 
devoted to freedom and opposed to the oppression exer- 
cised by the English Crown. Unable to find peace at 
home, they at last concluded to emigrate to the New 
World; about 1720 the wcstwai-d moveuiont had 
reached large proportions. "Ships enough could not 
be found to carry from Ulster to America the men and 
women who were unwilling to live except in the air of 
religious freedom." The Scotch-Irish influx continued 
for half a century; entire districts were almost depop- 
ulated. Within a period of two years thirty thousand 
emigrants had crossed the Atlantic. Many were well- 
to-do farmers, others had been bred in Scotch univer- 
sities, and still others were the enterprising younger 
sons of the nobility; as a class they were the equal of 
any emigrants who in those times sailed out of English 
harbors. It was about the year IGOO, one hundred and 
twenty years prior to this great westward movement, 
that the northern portion of Ireland received large 
accessions of Scotch Protestants, Mho proved to be 
valuable and useful citizens, but the more enterprising 
and adventurous ones emigrated to America, and have 
been largely instrumental in building up the greatest 
Republic in the world. Among these emigrants were a 
large number of the Campbell Clan, from tbe north of 

The history of the Campbells of Argyle dates from 
1190, the Earls of Argyle since 1457, the Dukes of 
Argyle since 1701. The Dukedom is a modern creation 
compared to the antiquity of the Clan Campbell, the 
head of which has for eight centuries or more borne 
what, to his clansmen, is a far greater honor than any 
British title, as *'the MacCallam More." The Dukedom 
was created in 1701, for Archibald the Tenth, Earl of 
Argyle, who was raised to the highest rank in the 
peerage for his services in promoting the revolution of 
loss. He had already, in 1687, been acknowledged as 
Karl of Argyle, even before tha reversal of the attainder 
which had been pronounced against his father for 


refusing to subscribe to the test act The house of 
Argyle has always been the staunch and powerful 
champion of the Presbyterian Chuich and the ^Mi g 
party in Scotland. The Dukes of Argyle have always 
been' interesting and conspicuous figures m the histo y 
of Great Britain. The north of Scotland was cold and 
comparatively barren; the Clan Campbell ^vas a laige 
one/and as the years went by, they increased to such an 
evtent that their native land was not able to suppoit 
them ; therefore the more enterprising and adventurous 
spirits among them sought homes in otlier lands^ Large 
numbers went from the liig^^ lands of Scotland to the 
north of Ireland, and from there to the English Colonies 

'""onT'lames Campbell landed in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, in ITOS, and in 1735 he removed to \«"donderry^ 
New Hampshire, and from there to Cherry Valley, ^ew 
York. He was born at Londonderry, Ireland, in 16J0, 
was the son of ^William Campbell, of Campbel ton, 
Ir'yleshire, Scotland. This ^William Campbel, a 
Cadet of the house of Auchenbreck, was engaged m 
Monmouth's rebellion, and escaped to Ireland where 
be served as Lieutenant Colonel at the Siege o^ /^^^f^"^ 
derry. The above named are ancestors of Judge 
Will am W. Campbell, the author of the '^Annals of 
Cherry Vallev, New York," of ^'Border Warfare,' and 
' Ss of Ti'von County, New York," the most im- 
portant history of the early times on the Susquehanna 
Kiver. He was born in ISOS, and died m IhSl. He 
was Justice of the Supreme Court of New \ork. 

The New England and New York Campbells were of 
the same Clan in Scotland, but distantly related to the 
Virginia branch of the family. . ^u ^ • +^„ 

The two Campbell families of Virginia that inter- 
married were descendants of ^Dugal Campbell, the first 
of whom we have authentic account; he was born at 
Inverary, Argyleshire, Scotland, the ancestral home of 
. the Clan'Campbellin the Highlands, l^^^"^^^ Camp- 
bell, his son, was an officer in the T^^^V'^^^'T' , 
the latter part of the reign of Queen Elizabeth he went 
from Scotland to Ireland. Not long after this^ in the 
veir 161-^ during the reign of James the First in 


England, forfeilines of large estates were declared in 
Ulster. 'Duncan Campbell, above named, bought out 
a lease of some of the forfeited lands, his eldest son, 
^Patrick Campbell, afterwards bought out the lease 
and estate in remainder, thereby acquiring the fee 
simple title. He may have had other sons and daugh- 
ters, but he had a son, *Hugh Campbell, who inherited 
his father's estate in Ireland, went there to live 
about the year 1012. He had a sou, ^Andrew Campbell, 
and he a son, ^Duncan Campbell, who married Mary 
McCoy. The children of this pair were five. There 
may have been others, of whom we have no record. 
Their names were: ^Ilugh, '^Mary, ^John, ^Robert, and 
■'Dugal Campbell. Nothing authentic is known of 
'Hugh Campbell's descendants, ''Mary Campbell 
(called Polly) married Moses White. Their son, 
^Moses White, married Mary McConnell. They first 
settled in Charles County, Pennsylvania, upon their 
arrival in the Colonies. Later they removed to Eowan 
County, North Carolina. ^Moses White married a 

second time, Eleanor . He had ten children, 

six sons by his first wife, "James, "Moses, "John, "Will- 
iam, "David, and "Andrew White. One of his sons. 
General "James White, the founder of Knoxville, Ten- 
nessee, was a distinguished officer in the Continental 
Army. He was also a Brigadier General in the Creek 
Indian War. He married Mary Lawson, a daughter of 
Hugh Lawson, in North Carolina. Many of his de- 
scendants still live in Iredell County, North Carolina. 
See "Sketches of Western North Carolina," by L. C. 
Hunter, page 202. General "James White's son, the 
Hon. ^°Hugh Lawson White, was born in 1773, in Iredell 
County, North Carolina. He was one of the famous 
men of Tennessee. He was Supreme Judge in 1814, a 
'United States Senator in 1826, and but for the bitter 
opposition of General Andrew Jackson, who was deter- 
mined to elect his successor to the Presidential office, 
the probability is very strong that ^°Hugh L. White 
would have been elected President of the United States 
in 183(5, instead of Martin Van Buren, General Jack- 
son's candidate. 

^"Huffh Lawson White was a man of remarkable 


courage and absolute integrity. He re-signed from the 
United States Senate and returned to private life 
rather than wear the robes of a Senator at the price of 
his deep and honest convictions, and when he took that 
step he displayed a courage as noble and lofty, and as 
worthy of emulation, as that exhibited by General 
Jackson when he won fame and glory upon the battle- 
field at New Orleans. 

Many prominent citizens of Tennessee and of the 
whole Southern and Western part of our country are 
descendants of Moses White and ^Mary Campbell^ his 
wife, namely: the McClungs, Overtons, Smiths, Will- 
iamses, McNutts, Mays, Pedens, McCreas, Wilsons, 
Templetons, and many others. I will later insert a 
sketch of the McClung family, by Mr. Calvin McClung, 
of Knoxville, Tennessee. 

'John Campbell, son of "Duncan Campbell and Mary 
McCoy, his wife, married Grissell (or Grace) Hay, 
daughter of Patrick Hay, in the year 1695. She lived 
to be ninety-three years of age. We know that 
'Mary Campl3ell, daughter of ^Duncan Campbell and 
his wife, Mary McCoy, who married Moses White, came 
from Ireland to Chester County, Pennsylvania, in 
1726, the same year that her brother, 'John Campbell, 
and his family, emigrated to the Colonies in America. 
They left Pennsylvania and went to North Carolina ; the 
exact year is not knouTi. 'John Campbell and his wife, 
Grissell Hay, with their children, moved from Lancaster 
County, Pennsylvania, about 1730, to Fincastle County, 

'John Campbell, son of ^'Duncan and Mary McCoy 
Campbell, was born in November, 1674, on his father's 
estate, "Drumboden," seven miles from Londonderry, 
Ireland. Here he and his wife lived, and their nine 
children were born — six sons and three daughters. 
In the year 1726, with their children and a large 
number of relations and friends, they emigrated to the 
English Colonies in America, and settled on the Sweet 
Ara, in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Donegal 
Township. He was at one time a member of the Pro- 
vincial Council of Pennsylvania from this county. 
Three of their six sons did not marrv — ^John, ^William, 


and ^James. Mohn Campbell died in England, having 
gone lliere from Jieland villi Lord Bojne. While there 
he hecame Steward to Lady liuckingham. ^James 
Camphell died in Ireland, and ^William Campbell died 
in Pennsylvania. The other sons who emigrated with 
their parents to America, married and had families, 
naniely: ''I'atrick, ^Robert, and ^David Campbell. 
Theii- danghlers were: "^Margaret, ^Cathei'ine, and 
^.Mary Campbell. There is no record of whom the}' mar- 
ried, or of their descendants. 

In ]7;?0 "John Campbell i)urchased a large tract of 
land in Orange, afterwards Augusta County, Virginia,- 
and lemoved with his family fi-oin Pennsylvania to 
Virginia. On page 885 of Waddell's "Annals of Au- 
gusta County. Virginia," it is stated that "William 
Thompson qualified as administrator of John Campbell's 
estate in 1741. John Lewis was his security." 

''Patrick Campbell, the eldest son, was born in 1G06. 
After settling in Pennsylvania he was made constable 
of the township, in 172G. See Daniel Rupp's History of 
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He married Delilah 
Thompson. They had four sons and three daughters. 
The eldest, Capt. 'Charles Campbell, married Margaret 
Buchanan. He served in the French and Indian wars 
in 1742; Captain in 1752.* He died in 1767. He 
and his wife had two sons and four daughters. ^°John 
died young. Gen. '"William Campbell, born in 1744, ' 
near Stanton, Virginia, a brave and distinguished 
officer in the Colonial and Continental armies, was 
captain of a company in Lord Dunmore's war, May, 
1774. He commanded a regiment of mounted riflemen 
at the Battle of Guilford Court House, and was com- 
mander of the American forces at the Battle of Kings 
Mountain. He married Elizabeth Henry, a sister of 
Patrick Henry, the great Virginia patriot. They had 
one child, ''Sarah B. Campbell. She was very young 
when her father died, just before the surrender at York- 
town. He was in Gen. Lafayette's command. She was 
married at the home of her aunt's husband. Col. Thomas 
Madison, her guardian, to Gen. Francis Preston, of 
Abiu'/don. Virginia. They had nine children: '-Eliza, 

*See "Kinirs Mountain and Its Ilerues." l)y T>r-\i>oi-. \f. ."iSO. 


^^Susan, •-William, '-Sarali B., ^''Soplironisba, '-James, 
^2Johu S., '-Thomas L. and '-Margaret Preston, '-Eliza 
married Mr. Carrington, of Halifax County, Virginia; 
'■^Susan married Governor McDowell, of Virginia; 
'^William C. Treston, a di.stinguislied orator and United 
States Senator from South Carolina, married first a 
Miss Coulter, second L. P. Davis. The following is a 
letter from Senator William Campbtjll Preston, of South 
Carolina, to his relation, Gen. John Campbell, of Ab- 
ingdon, Virginia : 

Preston Place^ S. C, 

18th December, ISoG. 
Genl. John Campbell, Abingdon, Vo. 

My Dear Sir^ — Before I received your letter some 
days since, I had forwarded by Genl. Thompson to 
Mr. Washington Irving a copy of our King's Moun- 
tain celebration, that he might be accurately in- 
formed of the aflair, for the purpose of his history. 
I am pleased though somewhat surprised to see the 
Life of Washington expanded into a history of the 
Revolution, and in truth Genl. Washington cannot 
be portrayed as a single figure. He must stand 
the center of a great historical group that one 
may have anytliiug like a correct perception of 
him. It did "not, however, enter into the plan of 
the work, and perhaps did not entirely comport 
with Mr. Irving's genius, to exhibit a grand histor- 
ical picture with the bold outlines, and uniform 
keeping of an historic painting, but rather to sketch 
the central figures, and admit the accompaniments 
as incidental matter. The revolution came neces- 
sarily within the field of vision, and is therefore 
sketched in, but with gi-eat accuracy and elegance. 
The work at once takes its place (and a very high 
one) in elegant literature, and will be read as well 
as a matter of taste as for its correct information. 
The style is to my mind perfectly exquisite, and the 
little picturesque touches enchanting. 

If the work should run to twenty volumes, for 
my part I shall be delighted, for it will be so much 
additional pleasure to the few enjoyments that 
remain to my declining and desolate old age, and 


the reading is besides in the nature of a conversa- 
tion with a beloved old friend whom I remember 
as a genial, cordial, sensible, and honest gentleman. 
This remembrance no doubt gives additional zest 
to the work as I read. I have now but few books 
about me, having given my library to the Colum- 
bian Atheneum as a token of my affection for, and 
gratitude to a city which for many years has not 
ceased to cherish me ever since I came to it a young 
stranger from the mountains of Virginia, now 
forty years ago. There are few left who cherished 
my youthful aspirations, or joined in my young 
sympathies, but the most of those I loved are in the 
City of the Dead, and when God pleases to call me 
I desire my own remains to be placed here by lier 
aide who was the light of my life, and whose death 
left me in perfect darkness. 

I was sadly disappointed in not seeing you in the 

Our venerable relative and friend, your brother, 
Governor David Campbell, had brought me to 
expect that I should meet you at dinner with him 
and his old lady in their most romantic and elegant 
retirement. I spent a most agreeable day with 
them, though I must say, like angels' music, pleas- 
ant, and wonderful to the soul, I regard it as a sort 
of valedictory to the ministering hosts, for at our 
time of life, and in our respective connections, w^e 
can hardly calculate that the chances of life will 
enable us to meet again. How beautifully the 
sunset of life declines on the aged pair! I have 
hardly ever seen anything more touching and 

You will have been scandalized to see our Gov- 
ernor's proposition about the slave trade. He is in 
truth an ignoramus and a blackguard, and every- 
body revolts from his infamous proposition — even 
those the most rabid about si a very ism. I rejoice 
to think that the clouds that lowered over our 
country, if not in the deep bosom of the ocean 
buried, are at least for the present dispersed. 


Kind salutations to all in your neighborhood, 
and especially to all kith and kin. 
Your friend, 

Wm. C. Preston. 

^^Sarah B. Preston married Governor John Floyd, of 
Virginia, Secretary of War, U. S., 1857-61, Major-Gen- 
eral C. S. A. ^^Sophronisba Preston married Dr. 
Kobert J. Breckenridge, of Kentucky. ^-James Preston 
married Miss Thompson; ^^John S. Preston married 
Caroline Hampton, in 1830, daughter of Gen. Wade 
Hampton by his first wife; ^^Thomas L. Preston mar- 
ried first Miss Saunders, second Elizabeth Watts; 
^^Margaret Preston married Gen. Wade Hampton, of 
South Carolina, Confederate General and United States 

The four daughters of Captain ^Charles Campbell and 
his wife were: ^•'Elizabeth, "Jane, ^°Margaret, and 
"Anne. "Elizabeth Campbell married John Taylor, 
and had seven children: ^^James (married S. Smith), 
^^Charles (married M. Trigg), "Allen (married Ehoda 
Trigg), "John (married J. Kent), "William (married 

M. Saunders), "Eliza (married Crockett), 

and "Mary (married H. Smith). 

"Jane Campbell married Thomas Tate. "Margaret 
Campbell married her father's cousin °Col. Arthur 
Campbell, of "Eoyal Oak," a brave soldier and patriot. 
He was an officer in the Colonial and Continental 
armies, a gifted writer and able politician. "Anne 
, Campbell married Eichard Poston. All of the sisters 
and brothers lived in Virginia. The four sisters reared 
large families. 

Having given the descendants of Capt. 'Charles 
Campbell, I will now return to his brothers and sisters. 

'James Campbell married, but whom it is not known. 
One of his sons lived on Cripple Creek, in Wythe 
County, Virginia, and a "daughter, said to have been a 
very superior woman, married Mr. Spotts. Of 'William 
Campbell, of Kentucky, we have no record. "Patrick 
Campbell married Anne Steele ; thev had four children : 
"Robert, "Jane, "Samuel, and "William. "Robert 
Campbell married ; "Samuel Campbell 


married ; ^"Jane Campbell married Robert 

Love. They had six "daughters and three "sons. 
^""Williara Campbell married Tabitha, the third daugh- 
ter of Gen. William Russell. They had five children: 
"Elizabeth, "Tabitha, "Nancy, "Mary, and "Samuel. 
"Elizabeth Campbell married Barton W. Stonej-^of 
Kentucky. They had three children : ^-Amanda, '=Ta- 
bitha and '-Mary. '-Amanda Stone married Samuel 
Bowen, their descendants given in the Bowen history. 
"Tabitha Stone married James Shackelford and Mr. 
Harris. "Mary A. Stone married Capt. C. C. Moore, 
of Kentucky- They had two children: '^Hannah and 
"Mary. "Ilannah Moore married Dr. I. Grissom. 
They had five children: ^*Eliza C. Grissom (married 
S. Lieb, a lawyer of San Jose, California; they have 
several children), '*Anne Grissom (not married, of 
Lexington, Ky,), 'Manette Grissom (married W. B. 
Gano, of Dallas, Texas), "Evelyn Grissom (married 
Paul Hart, of San Jose, California), and Dr. "John 
Grissom (married Irene Baker, of San Jose, California). 
"Mary Moore married Captain Thomas Brent, of Ken- 
tucky. They had two children: "Mary Brent, mar- 
ried Dr. Charles Dabney, President of the Tennessee 
State College, at Knoxville. They have two daughters : 
^•^Mary and '•''Catherine. "Margaret Brent is not 

"Tabitha Campbell, daughter of "William and Ta- 
bitha Rus.sell Campbell, maried Judge Alney Mcl^ean, 
of Kentucky, a lawyer and politician of prominence. 
Their children who left descendants were: '-'Thornton 
McLean, of Liberty, ^liss., a Presbyterian minister, his 
^wife's name not known. Their children were "Noland 
and "Margaret McLean. 

Judge '^Robert Mcl^ean married Mary WTiitaker, of 
Grenada, Miss. He died in 1874, and she in 1869. 
Their children are: '^Louise, married Hugh L. Bedford, 
of Bailey, Tenn. Their children are: **Benjamin N. 
and '*Hiigh L. Bedford. Judge '^William McLean, of 
Grenada, Miss., married Susan Collins. They have a 
son, '^Robert D. McLean. '^Transylvania McT^ean 
married William McBride, of Canton, Miss., in 1868. 


The othev children of Judge Alney McLean and Tabitha 
Russell, his wife, died without issue. 

"Nancy Campbell married Charles Wing, of Ken- 
tucky. Their children were: ^-Samuel, ^"Lucy, and 
^^Lucilia. ^-Samuel married Emily Weir. Their chil- 
dren were: '^Samuel, married Miss Hopkins; "Charles, 
married A. Hawthorne. ^^Lucy Wing married I. Short. 
'-'Lucilia Wing married -J. K. Patterson, President of 
the State University at Lexington, Ky. They have 
one son. 

"Mary Campbell married Ephraim Brank. Their 
children were : Rev. ^-Robert C. Brank, of St. Louis Mo. ; 
married Ruth Smith. Their children are: ^^Sarah, 
"Rockwell S. and "Robert C. Brank. "Mary J. Brank 
married Dr. William Yost, of Greenville, Ky. Their 
children are: "Mary, married Dr. Thomas Slaton; 
"William H., married L. Reno, and Dr. "Ephriam B. 

"Samuel Campbell married Cynthia Caraiibell, 
daughter of Maj. William Campbell, of Nashville, Ten- 
nes.see. They were distantly related. T^ft no children. 

'Mary Campbell, daughter of Patrick and Delilah 
Thompson Campbell, married General William Chris- 
tian, of Virginia, a prominent officer in the Colonial 
service in Virginia. Their daughter, "Margaret 
Christian, married Andrew Russell, an officer in the 
Revolution of 1776. They had other children of whom 
we have no record, but they had one daughter, "Mar- 
garet Russell, who married James Cowen, and they 
had a son, "James Cowen, who married Lucinda Dick- 
enson, and they had a daughter, ^''Belle Cowen, who 
married Dr. R. M. Rhea, of Knoxville, Tennessee. They 
have two "daughters, 

'Martha Campbell, daughter of Colonel Patrick 
Campbell and Delilah Thompson, his wife, married 
Colonel William Edmondson. He was born in Mary- 
land, in 1734; was in the Colonial and Continental 
service of Virginia. They had fourteen children, as 
follows: "Margaret, "Johii, "Betsey, "Robert, "Esther, 
"Samuel, "Sally, "Thomas, "Mary, "Martha, "Wil- 
liam. "Andrew, "Eliza and "Catherine Edmondson. 

"Margaret Edmondson married Dr. Montgomery, of 


Kentucky, and bad one son. ^°John Edmondson mar- 
ried Miss Montgomery, and had two daughters. ^^Mary 
Edmonson married Mr. Prescott of Kentucky, and 
Edmondscm married Mr. Kichai-dson of Lexing- 
ton, Kentucky. 

"Betsey Edmondson married William Edmondson 
and left children. 

"Eobert Edmondson also married and left a family. 

"Esther Edmondson married Kobert Campbell Ken- 
nedy. This line is given later. 

"Samuel Edmondson married Miss Dean of Wil- 
liamson County, Tennessee. They had four children : 
"Margaret, "Catherine, "Eliza and "William Edmond- 

"Sallie Edmondson married a Mr. Beattie and left 
a family. 

"Thomas Edmondson married, and had a daughter, 
who married a Mr. Perkins, of Williamson County, 

"Mary Edmondson married firstMr.Gilleland, second 
Ebenezer McEwen. They had five children : "Samuel 
Gilleland, and "Calvin, "Eliza, "Martha and "Wil- 
liam McEwen. "Samuel Gilleland married, and had 
a son, ^^Samuel Gilleland, who lives in St. Louis, Mis- 
souri. "Calvin McEwen married, and lives in Holly 
Springs, Mississippi. "Eliza McEwen married Rev. 
Matt. Marshall. Their children are: ^^Virginia Mar- 
shall, married Newton F. Niel, of Fayetteville, Ten- 
nessee. Their children are two : Judge "Matt. M. Niel, 
of Trenton, Tennessee, who married Eliza Green, and 
had three daughters: "Mary Ys\ (died young), 
"Virginia (married Albert Elder), and "Florence 
Niel. "Mary Niel married Robert Morgan, Nash- 
ville, Tennessee. They have four children : ^*Mary 
Frances (married Joseph Gray, and have one child, 
"Frances), "Marshall (married Anne Gresham and have 
"Virginia Morgan), "Irby, and "Virginia Morgan 
(married Campbell Grey, of Florida, and have "William 
and "Virginia Grey). 

"Clemenza Marshall married Robert Grizzard. They 
had "Eliza, married Quentin Rankin, and "Charlotte, 
married Harwood Wilson. They had "Elizabeth M. 


^^Loiiise Marshall married Mr. Greenleaf. 

"Eli/.a Marshall married Mr. Ilarwood. 

"Matt. M. Marshall Diarried Mary Stephens. Their 
children are: ^^\lfred, "Charles, "Elise and "Boger 
Marshall. "Alfred married Bessie Chester. They 
have one child, ^*Chester. 

^^Martha McEwen married Mr. Eoss, and had a 
daughter, "Martha Koss, who married Samuel Car- 
mack, of Fajetteville, Tennessee. 

"William *McEwen.^ 

"Martha Edmondson married James Gillespie, Ihey 
had a "daughter, who married Mr. Eiley, and they had 
a son. Judge "James Kiley of the Supreme Court of 

Louisiana. . ^ -,r- c^^ + 

"William Campbell Edmondson married Miss Stuart, 

and their daughter, " Edmondson, married Judge 

Morgan, of Holly Springs, Mississippi. And their 

daughter, " Morgan, married James M. Goodbar, 

of Memphis, Tennessee. . 

"Andrew Edmondson, "Eliza Edmondson married 
Johnathan Smith. "Catherine Edmondson married 
Mr. Jones. Their children were: "William and 
"Eobert Jones, of Crittenden, Arkansas. This is all 
that I can gather of this branch of the Edmondsons 
that are descendants of the Campbell line. 

Having given the descendants of Colonel ^Patrick 
Campbell, born 1696, and his wife, Delilah Thompson, 
will now return to his brothers and sisters. Their 
mother, ^Grissell Hay Campbell, lived to be ninety 
years of age and is said to have been a woman of 
remarkably strong character. She had one brother, 
^Patrick Hay, but we have no record of his descend- 
ants. It is supposed he married, and remained in Penn- 
sylvania when his sister went to Virginia, in 1730. 
As stated above three of 'John Campbell's sons died 
unmarried. Of the descendants of his daughters, 
«Mary, ^Margaret and ^Catherine Campbell, we have 

no record. , ^ . ,, tt 

^Eobert Campbell, son of 'John and Gnssell Hay 
Campbell, married and left four daughters and per- 
haps sons, but we have the record of only two. One 
married Col. John Anderson; the other daughter, "Mar- 


tha Campbell, married Eobert Kennedy, of Virginia. 
They had sons and daughters. One son, ^°Robert Camp- 
bell Kennedy, married Esther Edmondson, daughter 
of Col. William Edmondson, of Virginia. They were 
second cousins. They had seven children, namely: 
"Margaret, "Martha, "Elizabeth, "William, "Hetty, 
"Mary and "Marian Kennedy. 

"Mlirgaret Kennedy married Professor George ^far- 
tin of Valadolid Academy, Nashville, Tenn., the oldest 
grammar school in Middle Tennessee. They had three 
children: ^'Mary, ^-William and ^-Robert C. K. Mar- 
tin, ^-Mary Martin married Gen. Gideon Pillow, of 
Columbia, Tennessee. Judge '^William Martin, of 
Columbia, Tenn. ^-Kobert C. K. Martin, a distin- 
guished physician, of Nashville, Tenn., married Pris- 
cilla Douglas. Their children were: "Betty, "Maria, 
"ilolly, "Laura, "Player and "R. C. K. Martin. 

"Betty and "Maria Martin were respectively first 
and second wife of Wm. Butterfield. Their children 
are: "Ellen D. Butterfield, married Mr. Bryan; 
"Robert B. Butterfield, married Miss Fones, of Little 
Rock; Ark.; "William. "Duncan, and "Betty Butter- 
field, a nun at St. Bernard Convent, Nashville, Tenn. 
"Molly Martin died unmarried. "Player Martin died 
young'. "Laura Martin married, first, Mr. Hart; 
second, Mr. Launahan. "Robert C. K. Martin 
married Mollie Anderson. They have one child, 
"Betty :srartin, Nashville, Tenn. "Martha Kennedy 
married John McConuell. They had two children, 
"Felix and "William McConnell. "Felix McConnell 
was a member of the United States Congress from 
Alabama. He married and had one daughter, "Kath- 
leen McConnell, who married Gen. Shelly of Alabama. 
^^Elizabeth Kennedy married Vance Greer. They had 
three children : "Hetty Greer, married Mr. Thompson, 
of Fayetteville, Tenn.,' and they had one son, "William 
V. G. Thompson; "Andrew Greer, was United States 
Senator in 1S42, from Helena, Ark.; "William Greer, 
of Mississippi. Judge "William Kennedy married 
Elizabeth Willis. No issue. 

"Hetty M. Kennedy, born July 29, 1796, married Col. 
Robert McEwen, of Nashville, Tenn. They had seven 



children : "Margarella, "Caroline, '^John A./- Anna M., 
"Eobert II., "Henry and "Kitty McEwen. "Marga- 
retta McP^wen married Judge John Trimble, of Nash- 
ville, Tenn. They had four children, namely: "Mary 
Trimble (married Ur. James Kercheval, of Nash- 
ville, Tenn., and had four children: ^*John, ^*Mary, 
"Margaret, and "James Kei'cheval) ; "Leticia Trimble 
(married McPhail Smith, a lawyer of eminence, of Nash- 
ville, Tenn., had eight sons, namely: "Hubert, a 
lawyer of Nashville, Tenn.; "William, of West Point, 
N. 'y. ; "Henry, a lawyer of Nashville; ^*Marion; 
^*H. Blair, of Nashville, married Trevania Dallas, and 
they have two sons: ^^Trevaneon Dallas and "Kobert 
McPhail Smith; "Ward, married Elizabeth Dallas, 
and they have a daughter, "Elizabeth Dallas; "George 
and "Edward Smith). "James Trimble, a lawyer of 
Nashville, Tenn., married first Leticia Lindsley, his 
cousin ; second, Nina Woods. He has one son, "James 
Trimble, Jr. "John Trimble married Cornel le Ricketts. 
They had one son, "John Trimble, Jr. 

"Caroline McEwen married Judge John T. Jones, of 
Arkansas. They had six children: "Thompson 0. 
Jones married Alice Boone; no issue. Dr. "Heber W. 
Jones, of Memphis, Tenn., married Valeria Wootan ; no 
issue. "Anne Jones married Jacob Martin, and they 
have four children: "Thompson, "Carrie (married 
Charles Osbourne) , "Lucy and "Heber Martin. "Paul 
Jones married Tallulah Fly, and had two children: 
"Thompson and "John Jones III. "William K. Jones, 
married Jane Montgomery; no is.sue. "John A. McE. 
Jones married Angie Eogers, and had two children : 
"John A. and " Jones. 

Col. "John A. McEwen married first, Selina Harrison, 
second, Sally Turner. They had a son, "Samuel Mc- 
Ewen, who married Keenie Phillips, and they had four 
children: "Margaret, "Lucia, "Frank and "John 
McEwen. "John A. McEwen married first Helen Bas- 
kette, second Ellen Shelby, Nashville, Tenn. He had 
three children by his first wife: "John A., "Ethel 
and "William; by his second wife, three children: 
"Norman Shappard, "Kennedy Shelby and "Donald 
Poitevent McEwen. 


'-Anna Maria McEwen married D. F. Wilkin, Nash- 
ville, Tenn. Thej had two children, namel}': ^^larriet 
Love Wilkin, who married E. W. Barton, of Searcy, 
Arkansas, and had two children: "William E. Barton, 
Jr., and "Flavel Barton. ^^Eettie McE. Wilkins mar- 
ried Dr. D. R. Stubblefield, of Nashville, Tenn. They 
have four children, namely: '^D. Bankin, "Hetty McE., 
(married Harding Jackson), "Wilkin and "Mc Williams 

^-Bobert McEwen married Lucy Putnam. They had 
three children : ^^Waldo McEwen, who married Jennie 
Morris, Nashville, Tenn.; no issue. "John A. McEwen 
married Ida McMillan. They have one son, "Douglas 
H. McEwen, Nashville, Tenn. "Hetty McEwen married 
W^alter Emmerson, of Cincinnati, Ohio. They have one 
son, "Walter Emmerson. 

"Henry McEwen married Lucy Curd, of Louisville, 
Kentucky; no issue. 

"Kitty McP^wen married Dr. John Coleman, of 
Augusta, Ga. They had one son, Dr. "Warren Cole- 
man, of New York, N. Y. 

^^Mary Kennedy married Thomas Kercheval. They 
had eight children, namely: "Bufus M., Dr. "James 
(married "Mary Trimble, their children being given 
above), "Thomas (married Miss Bryan), "Kennedy 
(married Miss Clark, of Kentucky), "Anne, "Hetty, 
"Emma and "William Kercheval. 

^^Marian Kennedy married Dr. Joel B. Saunders. 
They had five children : ^^Sarah (married Mr. Weir, of 
Mississippi), "Napoleon, Judge "Xenophen, of Belton, 
Texas; "Margaret and ^'^Joel B. Saunders, who was 
killed at the battle of Gettysburg. 

^David Campbell, the youngest son of "^John Campbell 
and Grissell Hay, his wife, was called "White David." 
He was born on March 8, 1706, at "Drumboden," near 
Londonderry, Ireland. He died on October 19, 1790. 
He came to America with his parents in 1726, when he 
was just twenty years of age. On January 16, 1735, he 
was married to Mary Hamilton (bom 171G, died 1801), 
whose family came to the colonies in the same ship with 
the Campbells. The two families were intimate friends 
and distant cousins, both descendants of noble families 


of Scotland. Mary Hamilton's grandmother was Janet 
Campbell, wife of James Hamilton. 


Mames Hamilton married Janet Campbell, at Inver- 
ary, Scotland. They had two children: ^Arthnr and 
^James. -Arthur Hamilton married Martha Conyug- 
ham, daughter of David Conyngham and Euphemia 
Vesse, his wife. He died near Londonderry, Ireland, 
leaving his widow with two small children : ^Mary and 
^Arthur. She married a cousin, Walter Conyngham, 
with whom she and her two children came to America. 
At this time ^Mary Hamilton, her daughter, was ten 
years of age, in 1726. She had several children by her 
second husband, Walter Conyngham, but of these we 
have no record, except of Jane Conyngham, the eldest, 
who married another 'David Campbell, called "Black 
David," on account of his dark complexion, to distin- 
guish him from his relative of the same name, "White" 
^David Campbell, who married 'Mary Hamilton, the 
half-sister of 'Jane Conyngham. Thus, it will be noted, 
that the half-sisters, 'Mary Hamilton and 'Jane Conyng- 
ham, married each a David Campbell, distant cousins, 
who were of the same Clan in Scotland. 

"White ^David Campbell was a large, stout man with 
silken yellow hair, fair skin, and blue eyes. He was as 
remarkable for the evenness of his temper as his wife, 
'Mary Hamilton, was for the excitability and pride of 

'Arthur Hamilton, 'Mary's brother, married and had 
eight children : *John, ^Arthur, *William, *James and 
*Martha ; the names of the other three are not recorded. 

*John and Arthur Hamilton never married, but lived 
to old age with their three ^sisters, who did not marry. 
They lived on the paternal estate and died at very ad- 
vanced ages. 

^William Hamilton died while on a business trip to 

*James Hamilton married and had a large family; 
no record of his children. 

*Martha Hamilton, the eldest daughter, married 


Abraham Goodpasture, and they had a large family. 
Their eldest son, ■^William Goodpasture, married 
"Sarah Lockhart, daughter of William Lockhart and 
his wife, "Mary Campbell. 


^Patrick Conyngham was a Colonel commanding a 
regiment at the battle of Boyne, under King William of 
Orange, lie married Euphemia Vesse. They had two 
children that we have on record: "James and ^Martha 
Conyngham. '^Martha Conyngham married first 
*Arthur Hamilton, and after his death she married a 
cousin, Walter Conyngham, with whom and her two 
Children, ^Mary and ^Arthur Hamilton, she emigrated 
to America in 1726. 

The above is an account of the families of *'\Miite" 
•David Campbell, of "Royal Oak," and of his wife, ''Mary 
Hamilton. Their parents settled in Lancaster County, 
Pennsylvania, upon landing in the Colonies, but in the 
, year 4730 they removed to that part of Orange County, 
Virginia, which in 1738 was formed into Augusta 

The following is a copy of a compact formed by the 
settlers of Western Virginia during the Colonial period, 
showing at that early date how determined these sturdy 
Scotch pioneers were to have their rights ; also a call to 
Eev. Charles Cummings to become pastor of two 
c'horches that were near the present town of Abingdon, 
Virginia. The long list of names attached to the call 
is very interesting to many people all over the South and 
WBst who are their descendants. 

From the early settlement of Western Virginia, we 
Bnd members of the Campbell and Eussell families tak- 
ing an active part in all that pertained to the welfare 
of their country. They were thorough patriots, ar- 
dently devoted to the best interest of the Colonies, as 
is shown by the following extract from a history of 

"At a meeting of the British Parliament, on the 
20th day of January, 1775, Lord Dartmouth, Sec- 


retary of State for the Colonies, laid before the 
House of Peers all the papers relative to the 
American Colonies. As soon as the papers were 
read, William Pitt, the undying friend of the 
American Colonies, arose and moved that an ad- 
dress be presented to the King, requesting him to 
direct General Gage to move His Majesty's forces 
from tbe town of Poston. He said : 'America could 
not be reconciled, she ought not to be reconciled to 
this country, till the troops of Britain are removed 
from the continent. Eesistance to your acts was 
necessary, and therefore just; and your vain decla- 
ration of the omnipotence of Parliament, and your 
imperious doctrines of the necessity of submission, 
will be equally impotent to convince or enslave 
America. You may, no doubt, destroy their cities ; 
you may cut them off from the superfluities, per- 
haps the conveniences of life ; but, my Lords, they 
will still despise your power, for they have yet re- 
maining their woods and their liberty.' He says 
that the spirit that now animates America was the 
same that led to the Revolution in England, and 
that the friends of liberty on both sides of the 
Atlantic had but one common cause. *In this 
great cause,' he continued, 'they are immovably 
allied; it is the alliance of God and Natui-e; "im- 
mutable, eternal, fixed as the firmament of heaven." ' 
His Lordship admitted the right of Parliament to 
control the complicated machinery of commerce 
and navigation, but denied its authority over the 
property of the people of the Colonies ; 'property 
is private, individual, absolute, the touch of another 
annihilates it.' He besought the House to rest 
upon that distinction, their principles of taxation, 
and to confine tlie exercise of parliamentary author- 
ity to the regulation of commerce. Of the Conti- 
nental Congress the noble Earl spoke in a strain of 
the highest eulogy. 'History, my Lords,' he said, 
Tias been my favorite study, and in the celebrated 
writings of antiquity I have often admired the 
patriotism of Greece and Rome; but, my Lords, I 
must declare and avow that in the master states of 


the world, I know not the people or the Senate, 
who in such a complication of difficult circum- 
stances can stand in preference to the delegates 
of America assembled in General Congress at Phil- 
adelphia. I trust it is obvious to your Lordships, 
that all attempts to impose servitude upon such 
men, to establish despotism over such a mighty 
Continental nation, must be in vain, must be 
futile.' The speaker went on to say that min- 
isterial maneuvers would never be able to resist 
such a nation as that of America, that the hour 
of danger was not to be averted by tricks of office, 
that matters had gone so far that even repeal- 
ing the obnoxious Acts would not restore the lost 
confidence of America, unless his Majesty's armed 
force was withdrawn from the continent. The 
noble Lord pledged himself, that they would one 
day find themselves compelled to undo all their 
oppressive acts. He advised them, therefore, to 
enter at once into that course of their own ac- 
cord, which they must be ultimately forced to 
adopt. 'To conclude, my Lords,' he said, 'if the 
ministers persevere in misadvising and mislead- 
ing the King, I will not say that they can alienate 
the alTections of his subjects from the Crown; but 
I will affirm, they will make the Crown not worth 
his wearing, I will not say that the King is be- 
trayed, but I will pronounce that the kingdom is 
undone.' The motion of Lord Chatham was re- 
jected by a large majority, and the British Min- 
istry declared their purpose never to abandon a 
single right until the American Colonies were 
whipped into obedience. The same day, January 
20, 1775, that William Pitt delivered the preced- 
ing address m the House of Lords, the backwoods- 
men of Fincastle County, Virginia, met (pursu- 
ant to the resolves of the Continental Congress), 
at the Lead Mines, their county seat, and took 
action in the premises; of which the following 
is a correct account : 

" 'In obedience to the resolves of the Continental 
Congress, a meeting of the Freeholders of Fin- 


castle Couuty, in Virginia, was Leld on the 20th 
da}' of January, 1775, who, after approving of the 
association framed by that august body in be- 
half of all the Colonies, and subscribing thereto, 
proceeded to the election of a Committee, to see 
the same carried punctually into execution, and 
the following gentlemen were nominated : the 
Kev. Charles Cummings, Colonel ^Villiam Preston, 
Colonel William Christian, Captain Stephen 
Trigg, Major Arthur Campbell, Major William 
Ingles, Captain Walter Crockett, Captian John 
Montgomery, Captain James McGavock, Captain 
William Campbell, Captain Thomas Madison, Cap- 
tain Daniel Smith, Captain William Russell, 
Captain Evan Shelby and Lieutenant William Ed- 
moudson. After the election the committee made 
choice of Colonel William Christian for their 
Chairman, and appointed Mr. David Campbell to 
be Clerk." The following address was then unani- 
mously agreed to by the people of the County, and 
is as follows: 

"To the Eonordble Peyton Randolph, Esquire: 

"Eichard Henry Lee, George Washington, Pat- 
rick Henry, Junior, Eichard Bland, Benjamin Har- 
rison and Edmond Pendleton, Esquires, the Dele- 
gates from this colony who attended the Conti- 
nental Congress held at Philadelphia. 

"Gentlemen: Had it not been for our remote 
situation and the Indian war which we were lately 
engaged in to chastise those cruel and savage peo- 
ple for the many murders and depredations they 
have committed amongst us, now happily termi- 
nated under the auspices of our worthy Governor, 
His Excellency the Bight Honorable the Earl of 
Dunmore, we should before this time have made 
known to you our thankfulness for the very im- 
portant service you have rendered to your coun- 
try, in conjunction with the worthy delegates from 
other Provinces. Your noble efforts for reconcil- 
ing the mother country and the colonies, on ra- 
tional and constitutional principles, and your 


pacific, steady and uniform conduct in that ard- 
uous work entitled jou to the esteem of all British 
America, and will immortalize you in the annals 
of your country. 

"We heartily concur in your resolutions, and 
shall, in every instance, strictly and invariably ad- 
here thereto. We a.ssure you, gentlemen, and all 
our countrymen, that we are a people whose hearts 
overflow with love and duty to our lawful sover- 
eign, George the Third, whose illustrious house 
for several successive reigns have been the 
guardians of the civil and religious rights and 
libererties of British subjects, as settled all the 
glorious revolutions; that we were willing to risk 
our lives in the service of his Majesty for the sup- 
port of the Protestant religion and the rights and 
liberties of his subjects, as they have been estab- 
lished by compact, law and ancient charters. We 
are heartily grieved at the differences which now 
subsist between the parent state and the colonies, 
and most heartily wish to see harmony restored 
on an equitable basis and by the most lenient 
measures that can be devised by the heart of 
man. Many of us and our forefathers left our 
native land, considering it as a kingdom subjected 
to inordinate power and greatly abridged of its 
liberties; we crossed the Atlantic and explored 
this then uncultivated wilderness bordering on 
many nations of savages and surrounded by moun- 
tains almost inaccessible to any but those very 
savages who have incessantly been committing 
barbarities and depredations since our first seat- 
ing the country. These fatigues and dangers we 
patiently encountered supported by the pleasing 
hope of enjoying those rights and liberties which 
had been granted Virginians, and were denied 
us in our native country, and of transmitting them 
inviolate to our posterity; but even to these re- 
mote regions the hand of unlimited and unconsti- 
tutional power hath pursued us, to strip us of 
that liberty and property with which God, nature 
and the rights of humanity have vested us. We 


are ready aud willing to contribute all in our 
power for the support of his Majesty's govern- 
ment, if applied to us constitutionally, and when 
the grants are made by our representatives, but 
cannot think of submitting our liberty or prop- 
erty to the power of a venal British Parliament, 
or to the will of a corrupt ministry. We by no 
means desire to shake otT our duty of allegiance 
to our lawful sovereign but, on the contrary, shall 
ever glory in being the loyal subjects of a Pro- 
testant Prince descended from such illustrious 
progenitors, so long as we can enjoy the free ex- 
ercise of our religion as Protestants, and our 
liberties and properties as British subjects. 

"'But if no pacific measures shall be proposed 
or adopted by Great Britain, and our enemies will 
attempt to dragoon us out of these inestimable 
privileges, which we are entitled to as subjects, 
and to reduce us to a state of slavery, we declare 
that we are deliberately and resolutely determined 
never to surrender them to any power upon earth 
but at the expense of our lives. 

'These are our real, though unpolished, senti- 
ments of liberty aud loyalty, and in them we are 
resolved to live and die. We are, gentlemen, with 
the most perfect esteem and regard, your most 
obedient servants." 

Here the above names are again signed. 

The meeting of the freeholders of Fincastle 
County, on the 20th of January, 1775, in answer 
to the resolves of the Continental Congress was 
not the first meeting held for this purpose in the 
colony, but it was, as far as we have any record, 
the first meeting in which the freeholders declared 
that they were deliberately and resolutely deter- 
mind never to surrender their inestimable privil- 
eges to any power upon earth but at the expense 
of their lives. The sentiments of this meeting were 
definitely stated by the Committee of Safety when 
they declared that the freeholders of Fincastle 
County did not desire to shake off their allegiance 
to their lawful sovereign as long as they could 


enjoy the free exercies of their religion as Pro- 
testants and their liberties and properties as 
British subjects. 

The Committee of Safety appointed by the 
freeholders of Fincastle Coimty, was composed of 
sixteen men, any one of whom, by reason of his 
intelligence and patriotism, was competent to draft 
the address given. 

"January 5, 1773. 
"A call from the imited congregations of Ebb- 
ing and Sinking Springs, on Holston's Eiver, Fin- 
castle County, to be presented to the Rev. Charles 
Cu minings, minister of the Gospel, at the Kev'd 
Presbytery, of Hanover, when sitting at the Tink- 
ling Spring: 

''Worthcy and Dear Sir: 

"We being in very destitute circumstances for 
want of the ordinances of Christ's house statedly 
administered amongst us under distressing spirit- 
ual languishment, and multitudes perishing in 
our sins for want of the bread of life broken 
among us; our Sabbaths too much profaned, or 
at least wasted in melancholy silence at home; our 
hearts and hands discouraged; our spirits broken 
with our mournful condition, so that human lan- 
guage cannot sufficiently paint. 

"Having had the happiness, by the good Provi- 
dence of God, of enjoying part of your labors, to 
our abundant satisfaction, and being universally 
well satisfied by an experience of your ministerial 
abilities, piety, literature, prudence, and peculiar 
agreeableness of your qualificaions to ns in par- 
ticular as a gospel minister. We do, worthey and 
dear sir, from our very hearts, and with the most 
cordial affection and unanimity, agree to call, 
invite and entreat you to undertake the office of 
a pastor among us, and the care and charge of 
our precious souls. And upon your accepting of 
this, our call, we do promise that we will receive 
the word of God from your mouth, attend on 


jour ministry, iustructions and reproofs, in pub- 
lic and private, and submit to the discipline which 
Christ has appointed in his church administered 
by you while regulated by the word of God, agree- 
ably to our confession of faith and directory. And 
that you may give yourself up wholly to the im- 
portant work of the ministry, we do hereby 
promise to pay unto you annuall}' the sum of 
ninety pounds from the time of your accepting 
this, our call; and that we shall behave ourselves 
toward you with all that dutiful respect and affec- 
tion that becomes a people towards their min- 
ister, using all means within our power to ren- 
der your life comfortable and happy. We en- 
treat you, worthey and dear sir, to have compas- 
sion upon us in this remote part of the world, 
and accept this our call and invitation to the pas- 
toral charge of our precious and immortal souls, 
and we shall hold ourselves bound to pray. In 
witness whereof, we hereunto set our hands, this 
5th day of January, 1773. 

''George Blackburn, Halbert, McClure, Robert 
Craig, Augustas Webb, William Blackburn, Arthur 
Blackburn, Joseph Black, Samuel Brlggs, John 
Vance, Nathaniel Davis, Jonathan Douglas, West- 
ley White, John Casey, Samuel Evans, Wm. Berry, 
James Dorchester, Benjamin Logan, Wm. Ken- 
nerdy, John Cuzeck, James Fulkerson, Robert Ed- 
minston, Andrew McFerrin, James Piper, Stephen 
Jordan, Thomas Berry, Samuel Hendrey, James 
Harrold, Alexander McLaughlin, Robert Trimble, 
John Patterson, Samuel Newell, James English, 
Wm. Maguaghy, James Gilmore, David Wilson, 
Richard More, David Dryden, John Lowery, David 
Craig, Thomas Ramsey, Wm. McNabb, Wm. Chris- 
tian, Robert Gamble, Samuel Wilson, John Davis, 
Andrew Colville, Andrew Martin, Joseph Vance, 
Wm. Laster, Wm. Poagee, Samuel Buchanan, 
Joseph Laster, Wm. Young, John Berry, John 
Boyd, Robert Buchanan, Wm. Davison, James 
Berry, Robert Kirkman, Thomas Evans, James 
Young. Samuel Huston. Martin Prewitt, Wm. 


Marlor, John Sharp, Henry Cardwell, Nicholas 
Brodeston, Wm. Edmiston, John Long, George 
Adams, Andrew Miller, Thomas Edmiston, Robert 
Topp, George Buchanan, Alexander McNutt, John 
Beatj, John Hunt, James Dysart, Wm. Frewitt, 
David Beaty, Thomas Bayley, Wm. Miller, John Mc- 
Cutcher, George Teetor, David Gatewood, Andrew 
Leiper, James Berry, Michael llalfacre, Alexander 
Breckinridge, David Snodgrass, James Trimble, 
Stephen Cawood, George Clark, Daniel McCar- 
mack, William Berry, James Gower, James 
Moulden, Frances Kincannon, Moses Buchanan, 
Robert Buchanan, Jr., Wm. Blanton, Joseph Snod-, David Carjon, Edward Jamison, Chris- 
topher Acklin, James Thompson, Samuel Buch- 
anan, Richard Heggons, James Craig, Robert Den- 
niston, Wm. Beats, John Laster, Josinh Gamble, 
Wm. Edmiston, Wm. McMillan, Hugh Johnson, 
John McNabb, Andrew Kincannon, John Ken- 
nerdy, Edward Pharis, Christopher Funkhouser, 
John Kelley, Robert Lamb, Samuel White, John 
Frankhouser, Sr., John Robinson, Thomas Raf- 
ferty, Thomas Montgomery, John Frankhouser, 
Jr., James Kincannon, Thomas Baker, Samuel 
Bell, Thomas Sharp, Margaret Edmiston, John 
Groce, John Campbell. 

"We request the Rev. P. B., of Hanover, to pre- 
sent this, our call, to the Reverend Charles Cum- 
mings, minister of the gospel, and to concur in his 
acceptance of it, and we shall account ourselves 
happy in being your very obliged servants. 
A Copy 

Andrew Russell, D. C. W. C." 

"Copy of a call from Ebbing and Sinking 
Springs congregations to Reverend Charles Cum- 

''Memo. — This is a faithful transcript from the 
copy in my posses.sion, furnished by Gov. David 
Campbell ; mine is not the original, only what it 


purports to be, a copy — the body and signatures 
in one handwriting. There is the following calcu- 
lation in Gov. Campbell's chirography: 
138 families 

690 families. 

"Lyman C. Draper. 
"I^verington, Pa., Sept. 5, 1850." 

The Campbells of Southwestern Virginia were all 
of the Presbyterian faith, strong in their attachment 
to the old Scotch Church. *David Campbell was an 
officer in the Colonial Army in Virginia. He was in 
a campaign against the Indians when his young son, 
Arthur Campbell, at the age of sixteen, was taken 
prisoner by the Indians, and kept for several years 
on the Canadian lakes. See Virginia Magazine of 
History, Vol. VII, No. 2, Oct., 1899, p. 26. 

"White ^David" Campbell and "Mary Hamilton, his 
wife, had thirteen children. Five sons were in the 
Colonial and Continental service, four were distin- 
guished men, Col's. ^Arthur and "Robert, Capt. •John, 
and Judge ^David Campbell. Their names are as fol- 
lows: "Catherine, "Mary, "Martha, "John, "Arthur, 
"James, "William, "Margaret, "David, "Sarah, "Robert, 
"Patrick and "Anne Campbell.. 

Their eldest daughter, "Catherine Campbell, married 
Elijah McLannahan. She was born Februarty 1st, 
1736, died 1798. They had four children: ^"David, 
died young; "Mary, married William Mofifett, had 
no children ; "Catherine, married James M. Craig, no 
children; "Elijah McClannahan, married three times, 
had a large family, removed from Virginia to Ken- 
tucky, have no record of them. 

"Mary Campbell, born 1737, married William Lock- 
hart. They had six children : "Jane Lockhart, mar- 
ried David Campbell, they had twelve children ; "Mary 
Lockhart, married Alexander Campbell, they had 
twelve children ; "Eliza Lockhart, married Robert 
Huston — she died young, leaving four small children. 
These three sisters lived in Tennessee, "Jane in the 


Grassy Valley, '''Mary on tlie French Broad above 
Knoxville, and '"Eliza in Blount County. The two 
first survived their husbands. 

'°Jamcs and '"Martha Lockhart never married. 
"Sarah Lockhart married William Goodpasture and 
had a large family. She died near "Boyal Oak," on 
the farm settled by her father, William Lockhart, when 
he first located his land on the Holston. 

^'Marlha Cami)bell born, 1739, died September, ISOl, 
never married. 

Captain "John Campbell, born April 20, 1741, died 
in 1825, was an officer in the French and Indian 
wars. The original commission, dated 1774, as Cap- 
tain, from Lord Dunmore, the Eoyal Governor of 
Virginia, is still in possession of L. R. Camj)bell, of 
Nashville, Tenn., 1908. In 17G5 he explored the west- 
ern wilderness with the noted Dr. Thomas Walker. 
He participated in the battles of Point Pleasant, Oc- 
tober 10, 1774, and Long Island Flats, July 20, 1776, 
which were fought against the Indians. His name is 
attached to a paper in which a number of prominent 
citizens of Fincastle County, Virginia, "declare they 
will not submit to tyranny of the English Govern- 
ment and her oflicers in the Colony of Virginia," dated 
1775. lie enlisted in 1776, and served throughout the 
Revolutionary War, a brave and useful patriot. He 
was at the battle of King's Mountain, also four of 
his brothers and five cousins of the Campbell name 
were in this battle. He married Elizabeth McDonald, 
October 1, 1778. She was born May 29, 1753. They 
had eight children : "David, "Eliza, "Catherine, "John, 
"Arthur, "Edward, "Mary and "James Campbell. 
W^ill give their descendants later. 


The massacre of the McDonalds of Glenco, Scotland, 
by the Campbells of Inverary, took place in 1692 by 
order of King W^illiam of England. The Campbells 
should not be so severely censured for this action, as 
they have been by many writers, especially McCauley 
in his History of England. They were officers in 


the King's Army, and only carried out his orders. 
Campbell of Glenyon was the leader of the troops 
at the time. These statements are found in old 
letters from the McDonalds of Virginia, to, the 
Campbells of Virginia, in regard to the marriage of 
their two young McDonald nieces to the two Camp- 
bell brothers, Capt. ^Johu and Col. ^Robert Campbell. 

One of the McDonald uncles objects to the marriage 
on accDunt of the old feud that existed in Scotland. 
The other remonstrates, and says, "The two young 
Campbells are noble young men, perfect gentlemen and 
worthey of our nieces." 

This' family trace back to the "Lords of the Isles." 
Their ancestor was Lord Angus McDonald. 


^Briant McDonald and Mary Combs were the 
parents of -Briant McDonald. ^James Robinson and 
Catherine Howell were the parents of -Catherine Robin- 
son. ^Edward Robinson and Anne Walraveu were the 
parents of ^Israel Robinson. 

^John rfendrixon and Breta Matsou were the parents 
of -Elizabeth Rendrixon. ^Briant McDonald and 
^Catherine Robinson were the parents of 'Edward Mc- 
Donald. ^Isreal Robinson and -Elizabeth Hendrixon 
were the parents of ^Elizabeth Robinson. ^Edward 
McDonald and ^Elizabeth Robinson were the parents 
of ^Elizabeth McDonald, who married Capt. *John 
Campbell in 1778. 

Her sister, Rebecca McDonald, married Col. 'Robert 
Campbell, a brother of Captain 'John Campbell. 'Ed- 
ward McDonald was killed by the Indians, leaving 
his beautiful young widow, ^Elizabeth Robinson Mc- 
Donald, to rear their four young daughters. The third 
daughter married John Greenway. The fourth mar- 
ried Andrew Russell. They left families in Abingdon, 

In 1745, the Highland Chieftains rebelled against 
George the Second of England in favor of the Pre- 
tender. Prince Charles Edward. They were defeated 
in the memorable battle of Culloden. Many of the 


Scotch rebels were pardoned, upon condition that they 
would emigrate to the Colonies in America; others 
came voluntarily, to be free from the tyranny and 
oppression of the English Government. Most of these 
Scotch emigrants settled in Pennsylvania, Virginia, 
North and South Carolina. All of the Scotch who emi- 
grated to America after 1746 were required by George 
the Second to take an oath pledging themselves to 
be his true and loyal subjects, not to take up arms 
against him. This is why many of the early Scotch 
settlers in the Colonies were loyalists or ''Tories," as 
they were called by those in rebellion against the King 
of England. 

They felt bound by their oath ; and the Scotch have 
great reverence for an oath. Many of the Campbells, 
Harailtons and McDonalds, were true to the mother 
country during the American Eevolution, especially 
those in North and South Carolina. Those residing 
in Pennsylvania and Virginia sided with the colonies 
and against the King. The noble Scotch maiden, Flora 
McDonald, who figures in English History in the time 
of the Pretender, was of this family, and after the 
troubles in Scotland made it unpleasant for those who 
had taken part in the rebellion to remain there, she 
having married, in the meantime, a cousin of the 
same name, came with her husband and children to 
North Carolina, and lived there for some years, but 
as they were loyalists they returned to Scotland at 
the close of the Eevolution. William Wirt, in his life 
of Patrick Henry, says: "The spirit of Revolution 
in Virginia began in the highest circles of the com- 
munity and worked its way down to the lower, the 
bone and sinew of the country." 

A copy of Capt. ®John Campbell's military commis- 
sion : 

"John Earl of Dunmore, Viscount Fincastle, 
Baron Murrey of Blair, of Monlin and of Tillimet, 
Lieutenant and Governor General of his Majesty 
and Colony and Dominion of Virginia, and Vice- 
Admiral of same : 


''To John Campbell, Gent, of Middle Fork, of Eol- 
ston : 
"By virlue of the power aud authority to me 
given, as his Majesty's Lieutenant and Governor 
General, and Commander-in-chief in aud over this 
Colony and Dominion of Virginia, with full power 
and authority to appoint all officers, both civi 
and military, within the same, I reposmg especial 
trust in your loyalty, courage and good conduct, 
do, bv these presents, appoint you, the said John 
Campbell, lieutenant in a company of militia of 
the County of Fincastle, whereof William Preston, 
Esquire, is Lieutenant and Chief Commander: 

''You are, therefore, to act as Lieutenant by 
duly exercising the officers and soldiers under your 
command, taking particular care that they be pro^ 
vided with arms and ammunition, as the laws of 
the Colony direct; and you are to observe and fol- 
low such orders and directions from time to time, 
as you shall receive from me, or any other supe- 
rior officers, according to the Rules and Discipline 
of War, in pursuance of the trust reposed m you. 
"Given at Williamsburg, under my hand, and 
the Seal of the Colony, this seventeenth day of 
January, and in the fourteenth year of his Maj- 
esty's reign. 

"Annoque Domini 1774. 


"David Campbell, Governor of Virginia from March 
1837 to 1840, was a native of Washington County, was 
born on the 7th of August, 1779, at '^Royal Oak." He 
was the eldest son of »John Campbell, an early pioneer 
of Southwestern Virginia, and Clerk of the county 
from 1778 to 1824. The family were all Whigs and 
took an active part in the struggle for independence. 
His mother was Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Mc- 
Donald and Mary Robinson, his wife, who removed 
from Delaware to the Valley of Virginia at an early 

^"David Campbell, reared in his native county, and 
educated at country schools, supported principally by 


his fjither, was indebtod for early leligious instruc- 
tion, for bis ambition to learn, and for many exem- 
plary habits, which remained with him through life, to 
the teaching of an excellent mother. He was born 
in the midst of the revolution, was nurtured in in- 
fancy by his Whig mother, and educated under the 
direction and care of a father who believed there was 
no distinction between men, except that which is jiro- 
duced by virtue, talents, education and public service. 
When his son grew to an age that he could think for 
himself, his own reading and reflection confirmed him 
in these fundamental truths. Early in life he took 
sides with the Republicans, of which party Mr. Jef- 
ferson was the acknowledged leader, and never swerved 
from the political principles then adopted. He then 
thought the Union of the States under one federal 
head a measure of absolute necessity for the preser- 
vation of the liberties of the people, and that although 
defective, the adoption of the federal constitution was 
a wise measure, at the same time he considered the 
powers and patronage of the federal executive as 
highly objectionable. He voted for Mr. Jefferson, Mr. 
Madison, Col. Monroe, Gen. Jackson and Mr. Van 
Buren for the presidency; but during Mr. Van Buren's 
administration measures were carried which he could 
not approve, and in opposition to which he found 
himself obliged to act in order to save the state from 
great embarrassment. He did not hesitate to do his 
duty nor did he falter in vindicating measures which 
he saw were necessary. His acts are now part of the 
history of his State, and that State will no doubt pass 
an impartial judgment upon them. 

At the age of sixteen, ^"David Campbell was placed 
in the County Court Clerk's office to learn the duties 
of a clerk. He spent three years thus employed, and 
in reading history and elementary works on law. Be- 
fore he was twenty years of age he was married to 
Maria Hamilton, daughter of Col. *David Campbell, 
of Campbell's Station, Tenn. He soon thereafter took 
entire charge of the Clerk's office, and continued to 
discharge its duties until July, 1812. War having 
been declared against Great Britain, he accepted the 


appointment of Major in llie 12th Regiment of In- 
fantry in tlie Army of the United States, and imme- 
diately received orders and joined the regiment at 
Winchester, Va., under Col. Thomas Parker, and 
marched to the Niagara frontier. In March, 1S13, 
he was promoted to Lieut. Colonel of the 20th Eegi- 
ment. under Col. Tlumias M. K;mdo]i>h, and served in 
the campaign of 18l;j on the St. Lawrence. He re- 
signed and served the campaign of 1814 in the militia 
of his own state. 

At the session of the General Assembly which met 
immediately after the close of this campaign, an act 
was passed to raise a regular military force of 10,000 
men, to be organized into divisions and four brigades, 
and it proceeded to appoint the general officers. Col- 
onel Campbell was elected the commander of the third 
brigade, showing the estimation in which he was held 
by those who were personally acquainted with his 
services and qualifications. Peace being declared 
shortly afterward the troops were not raised. 

In 1820, he was elected State Senator and served 
four years, then declined to be a candidate again. He 
was then, in 1824, elected Clerk of the County Court, 
and was again elected unanimously. In 1834, he was 
elected a Major General of the Militia and in 1837 
Governor of the commonwealth of his state. Since 
1840 he has resided on his farm, adjoining Abingdon, 
Va., in quiet and peaceful retirement, performing the 
duties of a Justice of the Peace till the late change 
in the Constitution ; also the duties of a School Com- 
missioner and Trustee of an Academy when his health 
permitted. He was, in its proper sense, a practical 
business man, and his success in life was very largely 
owing to and was greatly promoted by his strict per- 
sonal attention to the duties of whatever character he 
undertook. (This sketch is from an old manuscript.) 

Gov. David Campbell died at his home, "Montcalm," 
near Abingdon, Va., in 1859. His wife died the same 
year. They had no children, but adopted a niece, Vir- 
ginia Camjpbell, who married Eev. Wm. Shelton. Her 
children presented to the Virginia Historical Society 
a portrait of Gov. David Campbell. 


A collection of Gov. David Campbell's letters and 
manuscripts which now belong to his great-nephew, 
Lemuel Kussell Campbell, an attorney of Nashville, 
Tenu., is valuable from an historical standpoint. 
Therefore, I give a partial list of the authors of the 
letters and also copy some of the letters and manu- 

Gen. Andrew Jackson, from 1797 to 1843, nine let- 
ters; Hon. Hugh L. White, from 1823 to 1836; Gov. 
Archibald Koane, from 1800 to 1801, six letters; Gov. 
Willie Blount, 1812; Col. Arthur Campbell, from 1786 
to 1809, three letters; Gen. Thomas Parker, from 1813, 
two letters; Judge Henry Tucker, 1823; Johnson Tay- 
lor, 1803; Col. John Campbell, United States Treas- 
urer, 1806; Mrs. Sarah B. Campbell Preston, 1811 to 
1828; President Martin Van Buren, 1837; Henry Clay, 
1840; John J. Crittendon, 1844; President Zachary 
Taylor, 1848; President Winfield Scott; President Jef- 
ferson Davis, 1838; President Abraham Lincoln, 1853; 
William C. Rieves, 1838; Mrs. Dolly Payne I^fadison, 
1838; Manuscripts about the battles of Point Pleasant, 
Octol>er 10, 1774, and Long Island Flats, July 20, 1776, 
and King's Mountain, October 7, 1782. Also three old 
deeds dated 1801 and 1805. 

"Copy of a letter from Isaac Shelby to John Shelby, 
dated 16th October, 1774, giving an account of the 
battle at the mouth of the Great Kanhawa with north- 
em tribes of Indians, sometimes called Battle of Point 
Pleasant."— W. B. Campbell. 


"OCTOBEE 16, 1774. 
"Dear Uncle: 

"I gladly embrace this opportunity to acquaint 
you that we are all here yet alive through God's 
mercies, and I sincerely wish that this may find 
you and your family in the station of health that 
we left you. I never had anything worth notice 
to acquaint you with till now, the express seems 
to be hurrying, that I cannot write you with the 

Gov. David Campbell 

Of Abingdon Va.; Born 1779; 

His Wife, Mary H. Campbell; Niece, Virginia Campbell, 
and Nephew, David H. R. Campbell. 


same cooluess aud delibei'ation as I would. All 
arrived at the mouth of the Kanhawa Tliursday, 
6th of October, aud encamped on a fine piece of 
ground, with au intent to wait lor Governor Dun- 
more and his party, but hearing that he Avas go- 
ing another way, we contented ourselves to stay, 
then, a few days to rest the troops, and where we 
looked upon ourselves to be in safety till Mon- 
day morning, the 10th instant, when two of our 
company went out before day to hunt, to-wit: 
Val. Sevier and James Eobinson, and discovered 
a party of Indians. As I expect you will hear 
something of our battle before you get this 1 have 
here stated the affair newly to you. For the satis- 
faction of the people in your parts, in this they 
have a true state of the memorable battle fought 
at the mouth of the Great Kanhawa on the 10th 
instant. Monday morning about half an hour be- 
fore sunrise two of Captain Wm. KusselFs com- 
pany discovered a large party of Indians about 
a mile from camp, one of which men was killed. 
The other made his escape and brought in his in- 
telligence. In two or three minutes after two 
of Capt. Shelby's company came in and confirmed 
the account. Col. Andrew Lewis, being informed, 
then immediately ordered Col. Charles Lewis to 
take the command of 150 men from Augusta, and 
with him went Capt. Dickinson, Capt. Harrison, 
Capt. Wilson, Capt. John Lewis, from Augusta, 
and Capt. Lockridge, which made the first divi- 
sion. Col. Fleming was also ordered to take com- 
mand of one hundred and fifty more, consisting 
of "Bottertout, Fincastle and Bedford troop, viz: 
Capt. Buford, of Bedford; Capt. Love, of Bot- 
tertout, Capt. Shelby and Capt. Russell, of Fin- 
castle, which made the second division. Col. T^ewis 
marched with his division to the right some dis- 
tance from the Ohio. Col. Fleming with his 
division up the bank of the Ohio to the 
left. Col. Fleming and his division had 
not marched more than a quarter of a 
mile from Camp when, about sunrise, an attack 


was made on the frout of liis division, in a most 
vigorous manner by (be united tribes of Indians, 
Sbawnees, Delawares, Mingoes, Taways and sev- 
eral other nations, in number not less than eight 
hundred, and by many thought to be a thousand. 

"In this heavy attack, Col. Charles Lewis re- 
ceived a wound Avhich soon after caused his death, 
and several of his men fell on the spot; in fact, 
the Augusta division was forced to give way to 
the heavy fire of the enemy. 

"In about the second minute after this attack 
on Colonel Lewis' division, the enemy engaged 
the front of Col. Fleming's division on the Oliio, 
and in a short time Col. Fleming received two 
balls through his left arm, and one through his 
breast, and after animating the captains and sol- 
diers in a calm manner to the pursuit of victory, 
returned to camp. The loss of the brave colonel 
was sensibly felt, by the officers in particular. But 
the Augusta trooi)S being shortly reinforced from 
camp by Col. Field with his Company together 
with Capt. McDowell, Capt. Matthews and Capt. 
Stuart from Augusta, Capt. John Lewis, Capt. 
Paulin, Capt. Arbuckle and Capt. McClannahan 
from Bottertout. The enemy no longer able to 
maintain their ground were forced to give way 
till they were in line with the troops left in ac- 
tion on branches of the Ohio by Col. Fleming. 
In this precipitate retreat Col. Fields was killed, 
after which Capt. Shelby was ordered to take com- 
mand during this time, which was after twelve of 
the clock, the action continued very hot, the close 
underwood, many steep banks and logs greatly 
favored their retreat, and the bravest of their men 
made the best use of themselves, while others were 
throwing their dead into the Ohio, and carrying off 
the wounded. After twelve the action in a small 
degree abated, but continued sharp enough 
until after one o'clock. 

''Their long retreat gave them a most advant- 
ageous spot of ground, from where it appeared to 
the officers so difficult to dislodge them, that it 


was tlioiijiht most advisable to stand as tlie line 
was then formed, which was about a mile and a 
quarter in length, and had till then sustained a con- 
stant and equal weight of tire from wing to wing. 
It was still half an hour of sunset, tliey continued 
firing on ns, which we returned to tlieir disadvant- 
age; at length night coming on they found a safe 
retreat. They had not the satisfaction of scalping 
any of our men save one or two stragglers whom 
they killed before the engagement. Many of their 
dead they scalped rather than we should have them, 
but our troops scalped upwards of twenty of those 
who were tirst killed. Jt is beyond a doubt their 
loss in numbers far exceeded ours, w^hich is con- 
siderable. Field officers killed : Col. Charles 
Sevier, Col. John Fields. Field officers wounded: 
Col. Wm. Fleming. Captains killed : John Murrey, 
Samuel Wilson, Kobert McClanahan, James Ward. 
Captains wounded : Thomas Buford, John Dick- 
inson, John Skidmar. Subalterns killed : Lieuten- 
ant Hugh Allen, Ensign Matthew Bracken, and 
Ensign Cundiff. Subalterns wounded : Lieuten- 
ants Lane, Vance, Goldman, and James Robertson, 
and about forty-six killed and sixty wounded. 
From tliis you may judge that we had a very hard 
day of it. It is really impossible for me to express 
or you to conceive the acclamations we were under; 
sometimes the hideous cries of the enemy, and the 
groans of our wounded men lying around, was 
enough to shudder the stoutest heart. It is the 
general opinion of the officers that we shall soon 
have another engagement, as we have now got over 
into the enemy's country. We expect to meet the 
Governor's party about forty or fifty miles from 
here. Nothing will save us from another battle, 
unless they attack the Governor's party. Five 
men that came in Dady's company were killed. I 
don't know that you were acquainted with any of 
them except Mark Williams, who lived with Roger 
Top. Acquaint Mr. Carmack that his own son was 
slightly wounded through the shoulder and arm, 
and that he is in a likely w ay of recovery. We leave 


him at the mouth of the Can away, and one very 
careful hand to take care of him. There is a garri- 
son and three hundred men left at that place, with 
a surgeon to heal the wounded. We expect to re- 
turn to the garrison in about sixteen days from the 
Shawny towns. I have nothing more particular to 
acquaint you with concerning the battle. As to 
the country, I can not say much in praise of any 
that 1 have yet seen, Dady's intended writing you, 
but did not know of the express until the time was 
too short. I have wrote to Mammy, though not so 
fully as to you, as I then expected the express was 
just going. We seem to be all in a moving position, 
just going from place to place, so that I must con- 
clude, wishing you health and prosperity until I 
see you and your family. In the meantime I am 
your truly affectionate friend and humble servant, 

"Isaac Shelby. 
"To Mr. John SJwlhy, Eolston River, Fincastle 

County, Va. 
"For'd by Mr. Benj. Grey." 

Copy of Col. Wm. Preston's Letter, October 31, 1774, 
About the Battle of Point Pleasant. 

"October Yb 31st, 1774. 
"Dear Sir: 

"Being on my way home from Fincastle Court, 
was overtaken this evening by the letters from Col. 
Christian and other gentlemen on the expedition, 
giving an account of a battle which was fought 
between our troops and the enemy Indians, on the 
10th instant, in Fork of the Ohio and the Great 

"The particulars of the action drawTi up by Col. 
Andrew Lewis I have sent you enclosed, also a 
return of the killed and wounded, by which you 
will see that we have lost many brave and valiant 
officers and soldiers, whose loss to their families as 
well as to the community is very great. Col. 
Christian with the Fincastle troops (except the 
companies commanded by Capts. Russell and 


Shelby, who were in the action) were on the march, 
and on the evening of that day, about fifteen miles 
from the field of battle, heard that the action began 
in the morning. They marched hard and got to 
the camp about midnight. The cries of the 
wounded, without any person of skill or anything 
to nourish people in their unhappy situation was 
striking. The Indians had cross^ed the river on 
rafts six or eight miles above the Forks, in the 
night, and it is believed, intended to attack the 
camp had they not been prevented by our men 
marching to meet them at the distance of half a 
mile It is said the enemy behaved with bravery 
and 'great caution, that they frequently d—-d 

our men, for white sons of b s \\hy did 

they not whistle now? (alluding to the fifes) and 
that they would learn them to shoot. The Gov- 
ernor was then at the Hock Hocking, about twelve 
or fifteen miles below the mouth of the Little 
Kanahwa, from whence he intended to march his 
party to a place called Chillicoffee, about twenty 
miles further than the towns where it was said the 
Shawnees had assembled with their families and 
allies to make a stand, as they had good horses and 
plenty of ammunition and provisions, and had 
cleared the woods to a great distance from the 

place. .. n 

*'His party, who were to march from the Camp, 
was about 1,200, and to join Col. Sevier's party 
about twenty-eight miles from Chillicoffee. But 
whether the action above mentioned would discon- 
cert this plan or not, I think appears a little uncer- 
tain, as there is a probability that His Excellency 
might with his party fall down the river to join Col. 
Lewis' party, and march together against the 
enemy. They were about building a breastwork at 
the Forks, and after leaving a proper party to take 
care of the wounded and the provisions there, that 
Col Lewis could march upwards of a thousand men 
to join his Lordship, so that the whole when they 
meet will be about 2,200 choice men. What may 
be their success God only knows, but it is highly 


probable the matter is decided before this time. 
Col. Christian sajs from the account he had the 
enemy behaved with inconceivable bravery. The 
head men walked about in the time of action ex- 
horting their men 'to lie close, shoot well, be strong, 
and fight.' They had parties planted on the oppo- 
site sides of both rivers to shoot our men as they 
swam over, not doubting, as it is sujjposed, but they 
would gain a complete victory. In the evening 
late, they called to our men 'that they had 2,000 men 
for them tomorrow, and that they had 1,100 men 
now as well as they.' They also made very merry 
about a Treaty. 

"Poor Col. Charles Lewis was shot in a clear 
piece of ground, as he had not taken a tree, encour- 
aging his men to advance. On being w^ounded, he 
handed his gun to a person nigh him and retired to 
the camp, telling his men as he passed, *I am 
wounded, but go on and be brave.' If the loss of a 
good man, a sincere friend, and a brave officer 
claims a tear, he certainly is entitled to it. Col. 
Fields was shot at a great tree by two Indians on 
his right, while one on his left was amusing him 
with talk, and the Colonel endeavoring to get a shot 
at him. Beside the loss the troops met with in 
action by Col. Fleming, who was obliged to retire 
from the field, which was very great, the wounded 
met with the most irreparable loss in an able and 
skillful surgeon. Col, Christain says that his lungs 
(Fleming's), or a part of them, came out of the 
wound in his breast, but were pushed back, and in 
the last part of his letter, which was dated the 16th 
Inst., he has some hope of his recovery. Thus, sir, 
I have given you an account of the action from the 
several letters I received, and have only to add that 
Col. Christian desires me to inform Mrs. Christian 
of his welfare, which with great pleasure I do 
through this channel. And should any further 
news come, which I much expect soon, I shall take 
the earliest opportunity of communicating the same 
to you. It is believed the troops will surely return 
in two . I write in a hurry, and amidst a 


crowd of inquisitive people, therefore hope you'll 

excuse the inaccuracy of, dear sir, ^ ,. x 

"Your sincere well-wisher and most obedient 


"Wm. Pbeston. 

up s._if vou please, you may give Mr. Purdie a 
copy of the enclosed papers, & anything else you 
may think worth the notice of the public." 

^^Mcmd.— This letter, copied from the orig- 
inal in my possession, was doubtless addressed to 
Patrick Ilenrv. The original covers both sides of 
a foolscap haff sheet, detached from the other half, 
upon which the name of the person addressed ap- 
peared. I obtained it from Col. Fontaine's family, 
and it must have been found among Governor 

Henry's papers. . ,- ^ t^ 

"L. C. Draper. 

"Buffalo, N. Y., 31st March, 1S43. 
''For Gov. D. Campbell, Abingdon, Va." 

'^Lvmau C. Draper's very valuable historical 
papers and letters are now in possession of the 
State Historical Society at Madison, Wisconsin 

''M. C. PiLCHER.'' 

Copy OF A LB-n-ER to David Campbell, of Abingdon, Va. 
"Cumberland Gap, August 18, 1810. 
"My Dear Nephew : 

"Yours of the 10th inst. came safe to hand. My 
object relating to the memoir is that it may be 
revised so as to have it as perfect as possible, and 
send it to Mr. Barlow, to be inserted entire in his 
new history of the American Revolution. To let 
it appear first in a newspaper would lessen its im- 
portance, and take away its novelty, a tbmg of 
great value in the mind of many readers. I have 
hopes that a member of Congress from Kentucky 
can introduce the Memoir to the historian with 
some advantage; his readiness to gratify Mr. 
Montgomerv, of North Carolina, relating to Tom 


Paine, gives confidence that lie will give celebrity to 
our hero and patriot, who was always "true to him- 
self,' his country and his friends. I have by me 
Col. Isaac Shelby's account of the action to the 
same purport of that of Gen. Campbell's. It may 
be useful to publish it in a newspaper to excite 
curiosity, to prevent the egotism of friends, and to 
show the falsity of Cleveland's account, as copied 
and embelished by Dr. Ramsey. 

"Madam Warren ought to have written with cir- 
cumspection. Her hero is represented in a ludi- 
crous point of view on Bunker Hill in the Memoirs 
of a General Officer; others have said he had more 
of the character of Cicero than that of Julius 

Caesar; or rather more of that of than 

that of General Montgomery. His appearance was 
like that of a Meteor; it was death that gave his 
memory the wings of fame. The brilliant part of 
our hero's career* was one short year; but his 
conduct on Kings Mountain, and at Guilford, was 
decisive of his great military talents. Some his- 
torians, and John Randolph, lately in Congress, 
make the battle at the Cow-pens as the most splen- 
did action in the Southern department. The paper 
I send with these lines will enable you to make a 
just comparison of the two actions. I had my 
account from Capts. James Tate, Buchanan, and 
other Augusta men. Judge David Campbell, then 
a Major, and ought to have been with Morgan with 
three companies of Botetourt Militia, can tell the 
whole correctly, as he joined Morgan a few days 
after the battle. 

"Thus you see what erroneous errors may be in- 
troduced into history, which of all writings ought 
to have a strict regard to truth. We ought to say 
rather too little, than too much, in the narrative 
part; if we indulge in supposition or hyperbole, 
let it be in adding the moral and political tendency 
of great actions. 

"Yours with great regard, 

"A. Campbell." 
(Col. Arthur Campbell.) 

*Gen. William Campbell. 


Copy of a Letter from Col. Arthur Campbell to His 
Nephew, David Campbell, of Abingdon, Va. 

*'Favor of Major Tate. 

"Lee County, October 18, 1810. 
"Dear Sir: 

"Some items of the gala day in commemoration 
of the battle on Kings Mountain have reached us, 
all verbally told; a Presbyterian Elder, of Ken- 
tucky, who had a view of the scene of the evolutions 
of the Kegiments, said the celebration was after a 
carnal manner and no way edifying. A distin- 
guished Tory found fault with everything. Major 
Tate relates a very different story, and what he says 
about the vocal music of the ladies, and the numer- 
ous assemblage of them at the Temple of Fame, 
gives an eclat to the scene not to be paralleled by 
anything that has taken place in America. Garrick 
could do no more; General Washington, passing 
through the triumphal arch at Trenton, on his way 
to the inauguration as President, was unequal to 
youi*s, both in reality and feeling. I feel regret 
that I was not there to mingle my tears with the 
angelic patriots, and to participate in the feelings 
of the remains of the forlorn hope of Virginia. 

"I am taking measures to procure documents to 
explain and justify the trial and execution of the 
Tory oflScers after their surrender. It is well 
known that after Gates defeated the British Com- 
mander, Cornwallis set the example in a summary 
way without a trial. General Campbell was urged 
to the measure by several South Carolina officers 
whose friends had been victims to Tory barbarity. 
Your father and I well know that it was no part of 
our friend's character to succumb to an enemy. He 
never calculated consequences when it wag his duty, 
and his country's interest, to act decisively. Do 
not forget to return me the Memoir that is a fair 
copy, in time to forward it by a Member of Con- 
gress to the author of the new history of the Rev- 
olution. You will also oblige me by a reading of 
whatever may be prized relating to the transac- 


tions of the 6th inst. in Abingdon. Please deliver 
the enclosed to your neighbor. 

"Your affectionate uncle, 

"Aktuub Campbell.^' 

Copy op Letter from Thomas Jefferson, Original in 

Possession of L. 11. Campbell, Nashville, Tenn. 

Marked '^'^Fbbb: Tho. Jefferson.^' 

"MoNTicELLO, November 10, 1822. 

"I have to acknowledge your favor of the 4th 
inst., which gives me the first information I had 
ever received that the laurels which Col. (William) 
Campbell so honorably won in the Battle of Kings 
Mountain had ever been brought in question by 
anyone. To him has ever been ascribed so much of 
the success of that brilliant action as the valor and 
conduct of an able commander might justly claim. 
This lessens nothing the merits of his companions 
in arms, officers and soldiers, who all, and everyone, 
acted well their parts in their respective stations. 
I have no papers on the subject in my possession, 
all such received at that day having belonged to 
the records of the Council ; but I remember well 
the deep and grateful impression made on the mind 
of everyone by that memorable victory. It was 
the joyful annunciation of that turn of the tide of 
success which terminated the Revolutionary War 
with the seal of our independence. The slighting 
expression complained of as hazarded by the ven- 
erable Shelby might seem inexcusable in a younger 
man ; but he was then old, and I can assure you, 
dear sir, from mortifying experience, that the 
lapses of memory of an old man are innocent sub- 
jects of compassion, more than blame. The de- 
scendants of Col. Campbell may rest their heads 
quietly on the pillow of his renown ; history has 
consecrated, and will forever preserve in it the 
faithful annals of a grateful country, with the 
expressions of the high sense I entertain of his 


character, except the assurance to yourself of my 
great esteem aud respect, 

"Tno. Jefferson. 
''To John Campbell, Esq., Richmond, Va.. 

''P. S. — I received at the same time with your 
letter, one from Mr. William C Preston, on the 
same subject. Writing is so slow and painful to 
me that I must pray you to make for me any 
acknowledgments to him and my request that he 
will consider this as an answer to his as well as to 
your favor. 

This letter is addressed to Lyman C. Draper, Esq., 
Alexander, "Venesee County, New York : 


"Richmond, Va., April 2, 1840. 
"Dear Sib: 

"I received a few days ago your letter of the 19th 
of last month, asking information on a subject 
which has often afforded me very deep interest, and 
take the first leisure hour I have to say to you that 
I will with great pleasure furnish you with all I 
can obtain as soon as I return home, and can collect 
the materials. In the meantime, and for your more 
immediate amusement, I will now give you a state- 
ment of some matters which have been impressed 
upon my memory. 

"Wlien I return to my residence adjoining Abing- 
don, in Washington County, I will turn my atten- 
tion to the collection of facts to enable me to go 
more into detail. 

"The first settlers on the Holston River were a 
remarkable race of people, for their intelligence, 
enterprise, and hardy adventure. The greater 
portion of them had emigrated from the Counties 
of Botetourt, Augusta and Frederick, and other 
counties along the same valley, and from the up- 
per counties of Maryland and Pennsylvania, were 
mostly descendants of Scotch-Irish stock, and gen- 
erally where they had any religious opinions were 


Presbyterians. A large proportion were religious 
and many were members of the church. 

''There were some families however, and among 
them the most w^ealthy, that were extremely wild 
and dissipated in their habits. The first clergy- 
man that came among them was the Rev. Charles 
Cmnmings, an Irishman by birth, but educated in 

''This gentleman was one of the first settlers; 
defended his domicile for years with his rifle in 
his hand, and built his first meeting house on the 
very spot where he and two or three neighbors 
and one servant had a severe skirmish with the 
Indians, in which one of his party was killed and 
another wounded. Here he preached to a very 
large and respectable congregation for more than 
thirty years, and until he had reached his eightieth 
year, and was unable longer to preach. He was 
a man of great personal firmness and dignity of 
character, was a zealous Whig and contributed 
much to kindle the patriotic fire which blazed 
forth so brilliantly among this people in the Rev- 
olutionary struggle. The Campbell family from 
which I am descended were originally from Inver- 
ary, Argylshire, Scotland, in the Highlands. They 
went from Scotland to Ireland during the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth of England, and from thence 
to the English colonies in America. 

"John Campbell, my great-grandfather, and the 
great-grandfather of Gen. William Campbell, came 
from Ireland with a family of ten or twelve chil- 
dren, leaving behind him only one son, and set- 
tled near Lancaster, in Pennsylvania, about 1726. _ 
His oldest son, Patrick, was the grandfather of 
Gen. William Campbell. His youngest son, David, 
was the father of Col. Arthur Campbell and my 
great-grandfatlier, in that Gen. Campbell and my- 
self were second cousins. The family remained 
in Pennsylvania but a few years, and then re- 
moved to the frontiers of Virginia, in that part 
which afterwards formed the County of Augusta. 
Here they lived many years. John Campbell 


(my father) and bis brother, Col. Arthur Camp- 
bell, were both born, raised and educated in this 
county. Gen. William Campbell was also born, 
raised and educated here. About ten years before 
the beginning of the war of the Revolution, my 
grandfather, with his wife and ten children then 
living, and all nearly grown, and the mother of 
Gen. Wm. Campbell (his father being dead), with 
her only son William and four young daughters, all 
unmarried, removed to, and settled on, the Hols- 
ton River. The whole country then in a wilder- 
ness, was visited often by Indians as a hunting 

"My grandfather had five sons, John, Arthur, 
David, Robert and Patrick. He had been, and 
was a farmer in moderate circumstances, living 
well, but having at his command but small pe- 
cuniary means, and wdthout ambition to make 
his sous more than farmers like himself. Not so, 
however, with his wife, Mary Hamilton Camp- 
bell, whom I well recollect when eighty years of 
age, sitting on her horse and side-saddle as straight 
as a girl of eighteen, 'and riding miles into the 
country among her neighbors. She was a very 
intelligent and ambitious little black-eyed 
Scotch-Irish Avoman, and would have her sons 
educated, and what her husband lacked of means 
she supplied from the savings of her dairy. They 
all received good English and mathematical educa- 
tions, and were inured to labor on the farm. One 
son, David, was liberally educated after the 
Scotch-Irish fashion. Gen. Wm. Campbell had 
also received a similar education. These young 
men from boyhood had been accustomed to Indian 
warfare. At the age of sixteen, Col. Arthur Camp- 
bell, then a volunteer in service at one of the 
forts on the frontier of Augusta County, was cap- 
tured by the Indians and kept a prisoner on the 
Canadian lakes for several years. "VMien Gen. 
Johnson made his campaign against the Northern 
Indians about 1763, Arthur Campbell made his 
escape, reached the army, and rendered important 


service in piloting it through the country. Jolin 
Campbell, my father, served, at the age of eighteen, 
under the celebrated Indian fighter, Gilbert Chris- 
tian, of Augusta, and was in one of his most bril- 
liant affairs with the Indians. Isaac Shelby was 
in the battle of Point Pleasant. John Campbell 
was in the same battle, in the regiment commanded 
by Col. Win. Christian, which came up during the 
engagement, and pursued the Indians the next 
day across tlie Ohio. I have no recollection of 
ever hearing that Wm. Campbell was there and 
do not think he was. At the October session, 177G, 
of the General Assembly, the County of Wash- 
ington was formed, and the first court was held 
January, 1777. A regiment of militia was im- 
mediately organized, and Arthur Campbell was 
appointed County Lieutenant, and William Camp- 
bell Colonel. Arthur had now married William's 
third sister, Margaret, a woman of excellent mind 
and of uncommon beauty and sprightliness. This 
young wife encouraged her husband and urged 
him forward in all his plans by which he might 
acquire distinction and reputation as a public 
man. Her whole mind seemed to be devoted to 
this one object, to which she made every other 
bend. No privation, however great, in the smallest 
degree annoyed her if she believed it was in con- 
sequence of her husband's efforts to acquire either 
military or civil distinction. Her extreme solic- 
itude and promptings to push her husband up 
the ladder of fame, caused him sometimes to make 
false steps and involved him in unnecessary alter- 
cations with his brother-in-law and others. Ex- 
cept in this, and it w^as always done in a mode 
and manner to gratify her husband, she was 
among the most exemplary of women, in her de- 
portment towards him, never having a thought 
in opposition to his upon any subject, and be- 
lieving him to be the greatest man in the country, 
not excepting her brother, of whose qualities she 
entertained a very exalted opinion. 

''When over forty-five years of age I saw her, and 


then she was very beautiful, although she had 
become rather corpulent, and was attlicted with 
rheumatism. At this period there was a general 
military spirit among the people of the County, 
and among the inhabitants of North Carolina 
bordering on it. No officers resigned their mili- 
itary commissions, of consequence no vacancies oc- 
curred except in cases of death and removal. Col. 
Arthur Campbell retained the command of the 
70th regiment, to which he had been first ap- 
pointed, nearly thirty years, and I, when a boy, 
recollect seeing several captains, in his regiment, 
with heads perfectly white with age, at the heads 
of their companies on days of general training 
and review. 

"Col. Arthur Campbell was a farmer, but spent 
much of his time in traveling after the close of 
the Revolution. He was above middle stature, 
not quite six feet high, his person was good, his 
gait erect and lofty, his manners very graceful. 
His fine eyes, long chin and nose, and general 
outline of his face would strike the observer in 
a moment, and impress upon him that he was 
looking upon no ordinary man. He was easy and 
pleasant in his manners when he chose to be so, 
but these traits were not natural to him. In 
conversation he was remarkably fluent and inter- 
esting. His reading had been extensive, so that 
he seemed familiar with all subjects, without hav- 
ing a really scientific knowledge of them. And 
among the most intelligent gentlemen he was cap- 
able of taking the lead in conversation. His hobby, 
both in letter writing and in conversation was 
politics, and I suppose no man in the country car- 
ried on a more extensive correspondence. With 
the man of society he was not personally popular, 
although much respected, owing principally to 
the circumstance that he would not relax in his 
manners to suit it. In his temper, he was hasty 
and excitable and disposed to be overbearing; 
and was often engaged in violent personal quar- 
rels. He was a most zealous Whig, taking an 


active part in favor of the revolution from its 
first (lawn, and never at any period entertaining 
the smallest doubt about the success of the peo- 
ple in their struggle for indei)endence. I knew 
him intimately for twelve or fifteen years of his 
life, commencing about his sixtieth or sixty-fifth 
years. He then resided on the farm he first set- 
tled after going to Holston. A few years before 
his death he moved to Kentucky and died there, 
on Yellow Creek in that state, of cancer in the 
face about the seventy-fourth year of his age. 
His wife survived him a short time, and died there 
also at about the age of seventy. They had twelve 
children, six sons and six daughters, all of whom 
grew to manhood and womanhood, and I believe 
were all alive when their parents died. Now five 
sons and three daughters are dead. Their oldest 
son, William, is alive. He is said to resemble 
his uncle, Wm. Campbell, in stature, and shap6 
of face, except his temples are more indented. He 
is said to be like his uncle in disposition also. 
Having been, from my boyhood, intimate with 
this cousin, and having heard my father relate 
so many anecdotes about Gen. Wm. Campbell, I 
shall be able to give you a very accurate account 
of him when I have leisure. John B. Campbell, 
the second son of Col. Arthur Campbell, was liber- 
ally educated, became a lawyer and settled in 
the South of Kentucky, where he married. At 
the commencement of the late war with Great 
Britain he, then about 35 years of age, received 
the commission of Lieut.-Col. in the United States 
Army, was in a campaign with Gen. Harrison in 
the Northwest, and commanded the expedition 
against the Missipinewa( ?) tribe of Indians, 
which was successful and gallantly conducted. The 
next year he was ordered to the Niagara, and was 
wounded at the head of his regiment in the bat- 
tle of Chippewa, and died of his wounds a few- 
weeks afterwards. He was a man of fine prom- 
ise and would have risen to the highest rank as 
a military officer, if he had lived. He was rather 


vain, but not too much so to injure him as a 
military man. James Campbell, the fourth son, 
was a captain in the army during the same war, 
and died in the service, noted for his personal 
bravery. Of Col. Arthur Campbell's public serv- 
ices I have said nothing in this letter, because 
I have not the means by me of giving an accurate 
account, and I cannot rely on my memory. I have 
very few of his letters in my possession, but I 
think I can procure some valuable ones, and if I 
can I will not fail to send them to you. 

•'John Campbell (my father) was from boy- 
hood the intimate personal friend and companion 
of Gen. Wm. Campbell. They never had a dif- 
ference of any kind. His account of the General 
may, therefore, be relied upon, as I know that 
it was his habit to speak with great candor about 
all his relations, including his own brothers. 

"The information I now give you about Gen. 
Wm. Campbell has been principally derived from 
my father. 

"William Campbell had a very commanding per- 
sonal appearance, being six feet two inches tall. 
His frame was large and muscular, very straight 
and perfectly proportioned; his complexion was 
ruddy and his hair light colored. ^Tien not ex- 
cited he had a countenance expressive of great be- 
nevolence, and was bland in his manners and 
courteous to all with whom he had intercourse, 
whether high or low, rich or poor. 

"At preaching in the country it was his con- 
stant custom to look around after the sermon 
was ended and assist all the women of the neigh- 
borhood, especially the more aged, who were not 
attended by any one, on their horses. No one 
was neglected, however humble her condition. 

"When he was excited his passions were very 
violent, and he would commit the most violent 
acts. He was, however, easily calmed, particu- 
larly by those in whom he reposed confidence. To 
such a friend he would yield his o])inlons with- 
out the smallest opposition. In 1775, he was ap- 


poined ;i Captain of the First Virginia Regiment 
of regular troops, recruited his company and 
served one year. 

"Lieut.-Col. Wm, Christian, of either the First 
or Second Regiment, and Capt. Wm. Campbell 
during this year married sisters of Patrick Henry. 
They both resigned their commissions, returned 
to their counties and took commands in the 
militia. The reason they then gave for this step 
was that the frontiers of the State to the South- 
west, from its defenseless and exposed condition 
required their services. They were both con- 
stantly and actively employed and from the ex- 
perience they had acquired, took the lead of mili- 
tia officers. William Campbell thought his ex- 
perience entitled him to lead his brother-in-law, 
Arthur Campbell, but Arthur would not acquiesce 
in this, and jealousies were the consequence, which 
sometimes broke out in open ruptures. John 
Caraj)bell, Arthur's brother, was always the paci- 
ficator, would interpose and each would submit, 
though William always the most readily. These 
two rival Chieftains, to keep matters quiet be- 
tween them, came to an understanding that they 
would alternately go on military expeditions. 
When the call, therefore, came to march against 
Ferguson, who was approaching the mountains of 
South Carolina, it was William Campbell's turn 
to command. The expedition was fitted out with 
great spirit, the women of the county laid aside 
every other concern, and j>roceeded with all haste 
to prepare clothing suitable to the season, for 
their fathers, husbands, brothers and sons, and 
the Regiment marched almost en masse in four 
or five weeks after the first notice — indeed, I think, 
in ten days after. They proceeded to the moun- 
tains of South Carolina, where four hundred of 
them and others gained the brilliant victory of 
King's Mountain, to which history has never done 
justice ; for I do not think so gallant a battle was 
ever fought. Hereafter I will give you an account 
of it. 


''After hearing of this battle, Gen. Nathaniel 
Green wrote to Gen. Wm. Campbell in a most press- 
ing manner to raise a voluntary force and join 
him in North Carolina. He did so, and his com- 
mand distinguished itself at the battle of Guil- 
ford. After this he was immediately promoted 
to the rank of Brigadier-General, and a command 
was given him in LaFayette's corps, which was 
then reviewing before Coruwallis' army, as it 
moved through the state towards Yorktown. A 
few days after the siege of Yorktown began, Gen. 
Wm. Campbell was attacked violently with camp 
fever, was removed to the house of a relative of 
his wife's (Col. Symrae, I think) in the country 
and died before the surrender. He left a widow 
and two children, a son and a daughter. The son 
died very young. The daughter was Sarah Camp- 
bell Preston and is yet living near Abingdon, has 
a large family of children and is now a widow. 
William C. Freston of the United States Senate, 
from South Carolina, is her oldest son. All of 
her children are grown and married but her 
youngest son. 

"The parents of Arthur and William Campbell 
were members of the Presbyterian Church. I can- 
not speak positively about the religious opinions 
of either of these men, until I make some en- 
quiry. After I reach home and have time for re- 
flection I can probably give you some informa- 
tion about the Shelbys, Gen. John Sevier, Col. 
John Tipton, Col. Carter, and many others who 
figured in that region, as my father knew them 
all personally and I had great reliance on his 
opinion of men. 

"I think that the value of biography depends 
very much upon its truth. One cares nothing 
about a eulogy on a public man. But if we can 
hear the truth about his character, both public 
and private, it becomes interesting. You see I 
have with great freedom communicated what I 
knew and have heard of my relations, believing 
that you would make proper use of the informa- 


tion. If what I have written is considered by 

you of any value, I will give you more on this 

same subject as soon as I can collect the material. 

"Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

"David Cambpell. 

"P. S. — I have written without regard to style, 
or arrangement, and cannot correct. You need 
not pay postage in communicating with me, as 
it will afford me pleasure to hear from you, and 
answer all your enquiries." 

Copy OF A Lei^er Addressed to Lyman C. Draper. 

"Lebanon, Tennessee, March 20th, 1842. 
"Dear Sir: 

"By the last mail I had the pleasure of 
receiving at this place, where I have been 
for some time on a visit to friends, with my 
family, your letter of the 20th of February, through 
the hands of the Honorable Wm. B. Campbell and 
will comply with your wishes as far as I can, 
by answering some of your enquiries now, and 
others when I return to Virginia. 

"And I embrace the occasion to thank you for 
your kind invitation. Should I ever make a jour- 
ney to Mississippi I will not fail to call and par- 
take of your hospitality. 

"In one of the letters I wrote you, I expressed 
a doubt as to whether William Campbell was at 
the battle of Point Pleasant with Gen. Lewis in 
1774. This was an error. He commanded a com- 
pany in Col. Wm. Christian's regiment on the 
campaign. Since writing to you I have seen an 
obituary notice of my father, written shortly 
after his death by some friend, and published, I 
think, in the Richmond Enquirer, in which it 
was stated that he was a Lieutenant in Capt. 
Wm. Campbell's company of Col. Wm. Christian's 


regiment on Lewis Campaign against the Indians, 
which terminated in the battle of Point Pleasant. 
Christian's regiment came up on the evening of 
the day of the battle, crossed the Ohio the next 
morning in pursuit of the Indians, and was re- 
called by an order from Gen. Duumore. I can only 
account for having forgotten a circumstance so im- 
mediately connected with the services of my 
father, and the truth of which I have now no doubt, 
having been assured by others of its correctness, 
from the further circumstance that it was bis m^ 
variable habit to speak of himself, and even of 
his friends as little as possible, in all his de- 
tails of his military campaigns. What he said, 
therefore, about the part either he or his friend, 
William, took in the campaign left no impres- 
sion upon my mind, although I have a very dis- 
tinct recollection of hearing him upon more oc- 
casions than one, relate among his friends many 
of the circumstances of the battle, and of the 
consequences which followed. There were three 
companies from that part of Pincastle County, 
afterwards Washington, on that campaign : Capt. 
Evan Shelby's, Capt. Wm. Russell's and Capt^ 
Wm. Campbell's. The two first of which were 
in the battle. Evan Shelby lived fifteen miles 
southwest of Abingdon, on a very fine tract of 
land (an ancient survey called Sapling Grove) 
and remained there till his death. William Ru§: 
sell lived at this time at Castle Woods, near Clinch 
River, about twenty-five miles northwest of Abing- 
don, that is, of where Abingdon now is, for the 
Court House of Fincastle County was at Fort 
Chiswell, nine miles east of Wythe Court House, 
and William Campbell lived near the seven-mile 
ford of Holaton, on a fine tract of land called 
"Aspenvale," the property at this time of hia 
daughter, Mrs. Gen. Francis Preston, and twenty- 
two miles east of Abingdon. 

"The King of Great Bntian, through the Gov- 
ernor and Counsel of Virginia, made many and 
lar<'e grants of land to companies as well as m- 


dividuals on the western waters. By virtue of 
these grants, surveyors came to tlie Holston coun- 
try as early as 1743 and surveyed many fine tracts 
of laud. The first settlers who had means, pur- 
chased in these tracts. p]van Shelby, Wra. Camp- 
bell and Arthur Campbell were all settled on 
such. Those who had not means or did not wish 
thus to invest them, built their cabins and cleared 
their cornfields on lands called waste lands — lands 
not patented or surveyed. In a few years the 
population thus settled became large and formid- 
able, and at the commencement of the Revolution 
had sufficient influence with the General Assem- 
bly of Virginia to obtain the passage of an act 
giving them assurances that their settlements 
should be secured to them. They had also the 
prudence to fix boundaries to their settlements, 
so that they might not interfere with each other. 
In 1777, the legislature established a land office, 
fixed the quantity of land to which a settler 
was entitled at 400 acres, and allowed him the 
additional quantity of 1,000 acres adjoining, if 
so much could be found without interfering with 
other settlers. This last was called a pre-emption 
right. If the pre-emption right could not be had 
adjoining the settlement then it might be located 
on any vacant land. Such were the settlement 
and pre-emption rights to lands in Southwest Vir- 

"Benjamin Logan made a settlement on a tract 
lying seven miles west of Abingdon, on the Reedy 
Creek road and on a head branch of Beaver Creek, 
and I believe obtained the right in his o^^ii name. 
Gen. Wm. Russell obtained a similar right for 
his land in Castle Woods. I will now answer 
your enquiries in the order you have made them, 
so that I may not overlook any of them. I fear 
there is no portrait of Gen. Wm. Campbell. I 
have never seen one. But on my return to Vir- 
ginia will ascertain the fact from his daughter. 
Gen. Campbell's oldeist sister, Elizaljeth, married 
John Taylor, who spent his life as an industrious 


farmer on a very large plantation on New Kiver, 
became wealthy and raised a clever family of 
sons and daughters. Judge Allen Taylor, of Bote- 
tourt County, now dead, was his son. His other 
four sons, James, Charles, William and John Tay- 
lor, all were farmers and respectable. The second 
sister married Thomas Tate, who, after his mar- 
riage, settled on her land on the banks of the north 
branch of the Holston, and spent there a long 
and industrious life, and raised a large family of 
children. This couple were quiet, sedate people, 
and their children were farmers and farmers' 
wives. The third sister, Margaret, married her 
father's cousin, Col. Arthur Campbell. Of her, 
I have heretofore told you. The fourth sister, Ann 
Campbell, married Eichard Poston. He settle^d 
on a tract of land on the North Holston belong- 
ing to his wife. He soon became very dissipated 
and his wife had a life of great trouble. Some 
of their children were very smart; he had a very 
clever daughter, and his only son, a respectable 
farmer, lives on his maternal estate. I do not 
know what was William Campbell's age when his 
father died. I am under the impression that he 
was quite a youth; this fact I can probably ob- 
tain from his daughter. His widow, that is, Gen. 
Campbell's, died in 1825, November, at the age of 
seventy-nine or eighty. The story of the hanging of 
the Tory is not, I presume, correctly known by Col. 
Fontaine. I know that most of the accounts I 
have heard are incorrect and make it a much more 
lawless act than it really was — although it was 
one of those acts of self-defense which could only 
be tolerated in a state of things, when a man could 
only protect his own life, the lives of his family, 
and his fellow neighboi-s, by the strong arm of 
force. My father, who, in the darkest days of 
the Kevolution, would never give his assent or 
countenance to a lawless act, has told me the 
story, and disapproved the conduct of the party, 
but all present shared it; and there is on the 
statute books of Virginia an act of indemnity 


to William Campbell and William Edmiston and 
others. Col. Arthur Campbell owned a fine tract 
of land on Yellow Creek in Clay County, Kentucky, 
to wbich he removed from Virginia. He was in 
poor health most of the time after going to Ken- 

"It was, I believe. Gen. Amherst's army to which 
he escaped from the Indians and French, indeed I 
am pretty sure it was. When I r*eturn home I 
will make such a reference to the atlas that you 
can find it. I will endeavor to ascertain on what 
authority the statement is made that I referred 
to. This I can probably do by writing to Mr. 
Henry L. Carey, of Philadelphia, with whom I am 
personally acquainted. Col. Arthur Campbell set- 
tled a farm in Washington County, thirty miles 
from Abingdon, on the banks of the Holston, and 
eight miles east of "Aspinvale," his brother-in- 
law, William Campbell's, residence, called ''Good 
Wood," part of an ancient survey called the "Koyal 
Oak." He lived there until he removed to Ken- 

"I am unable to say anything about the cam- 
paign against the Cherokee Indians spoken of by 
Major James Sevier, and am disposed to make but 
one remark about it — and that is, if the delay 
he mentions took place after sending an express, 
the men had not assembled at their rendezvous 
when the express was despatched, and the delay 
was unavoidable. I am sure there are facts and 
circumstances not disclosed, for I know iuoh a 
case would not have happened with the militia 
of Washington County without causing such notice 
by the public, that I would afterwards have heard 
of it. The regiment under Col. Arthur would 
not have tolerated any delay. There were many 
officers and men in it who would have denounced 
any neglect from what quarter it might come. 

"Major Sevier was at that time a youth and 
could have known but little about the delay or 
the causes of it. I consider it due to these ex- 
traordinarily patriotic Whigs to say thus much. 


I feel a perfect confidence that no instance can 
be named, during the Indian or Revolutionary 
wars, in which a tardiness of one hour took place 
with them in performance of their duties. 

"The Kev. Charles Cummings died about 1809, 
or 10, at a very advanced age. I will hereafter^ 
inform you particularly of his life. Gen. Evan 
Shelby was, I think, a Welchman. He came from 
Frederick County, Maryland, as I have under- 
stood, to Holston, purchased from Col. John Buch- 
anan, of Botetourt County, the Sapling Grove 
tract of land and settled on it. This tract was 
patented by the colony of Virginia, and Shelby 
thought he was living in Washington County, after 
it was formed, and where he acted as Magistrate 
for several years. Col. Henderson, of North CarcP~ 
lina, ran the line between Virginia and North 
Carolina from the White Top Mountain west for 
the purpose of ascertaining the proper locality of 
a tract of country in Powell's Valley, and another 
in the south of Kentucky, where he wished to lo- 
cate a large quantity of land. This line he made 
to run two miles north of the one which had been 
previously run by Dr. Thomas Walker, of Albe- 
marle County, in Virginia, and by it he took Gen. 
Evan Shelby's farm into Sullivan County, Ten- 

"This tract of country, between the two lines, 
neither having been run by public authority, was 
disputed territory for many years, and the in- 
habitants acted pretty much as they pleased, some 
adhering to Virginia and some to North Carolina. 
Shelby became an officer in the militia of North 
Carolina, I believe. Isaac Shelby, his son, did, 
I know. A prosecution of some sort was set on 
foot against Col. Arthur Campbell, on a charge 
that he was promoting the separation of the Hol- 
ston country from Virginia and its union with 
Frankland, and Gov. Henry so far countenanced 
the proceeding as to suspend Col. Campbell from 
his functions as a Magistrate. The case was taken 
either to the General Court or Court of Appeals, 


the General Court, I believe. The whole was set 
aside and Col. Campbell restored. 

"I never saw the record and cannot say what 
evidence was produced. My father has spoken of 
it to me, and told me it was a malicious prosecu- 
tion, not justified by any act of Col. Compbell's. 
I think it probable if Col. Campbell did think 
favorably of the measure he may have expressed 
such an opinion, but he took no active part in the 

"Judge David Campbell, his brother, was a prac- 
ticing lawyer in that part of North Carolina, and 
was a member of the convention that formed the 
constitution of Fraukland. Since receiving your 
last letter I have written to a very well informed 
elderly lady, a granddaughter of Gen. Wm. Rus- 
sell, being the oldest child of his oldest daughter, 
for reminiscences of her grandfather. I have no 
doubt she will be able to furnish an interesting 
account of him; and as soon as I get it 1 will 
forward it to you. Gen. Russell died January, 
1793, at the salt works in Washington County, I 
think. He seems to have been an active officer 
and engaged in the Indian wai-s. I can tell you 
but little about Col. Wm. Preston. He must have 
died very soon after the close of the Revolution. 
Gov. James P. Preston, of Montgomery County, 
is one of his sons, and the only one living. Col. 
Wm. Christian was not related to Capt. Gilbert 
Christian, of Washington County, Virginia. The 
Col. Gilbert Christian, of Tennessee, of whom you 
speak was a son of Capt. Gilbert Christian. Col. 
Wm. Christian's father was named Israel, and re- 
sided in Botetourt County, was a merchant, and 
became wealthy. He had several daughters and 
but one son. One of his daughters married Dr. 
Fleming. The doctor was eminent in his profes- 
sion, but through some whim, would never per- 
mit his acquaintances to accost him in any other 
manner than as Col, Fleming. He was a brave 
man, and severely wounded at the battle of 
Point Pleasant. Lieut.-Col. Richard Campbell, 


who fell at Eiitaw Springs, was, I have always un- 
derstood, distantly related to my family, but I 
do not know the relationship. Col. David Camp- 
bell, of 'Campboirs Station,' was himself a relation 
and he married my father's sister, and my wife 
is the youngest daughter of this marriage. 

"I have spoken of Benjamin Logan's settlement 
— its station and location. He sold the land to the 
Eev. Charles Cummings and one of Mr. Cum- 
ming's daughters now resides on it. I have often 
heard my father speak of Gen. Joseph Martin, 
and have in this way acquired a good knowledge 
of his general character, but I can furnish no 
facts. I think there must be some mistake about 
Gen. Martin living at Long Island, of Holston, 
and particularly for so long a period as from 
1781 to 1788, but I do not undertake to say that 
it is a mistake. Gen Martin had a fort in Powell's 
Valley, about fifteen or twenty miles below Lee 
Court House, called Martin's Station, where I 
always understood he lived for some time. Here 
he secured a settlement and pre-emption right, and 
sold it to Capt. Kobert Craig, who kept a house 
of entertainment one mile west of Abingdon for 
many years. This land must have been settled 
by Gen. Martin about 1780. He also lived some 
time in the Cherokee Nation. I do not know to 
whom to refer you for a particular account of 
this gentleman. I think he has a son liviug some- 
where in Tennessee. He was a man of some dis- 
tinction, and was, as Col. Fontaine has told you, 
a member of the Virginia legislature for j-ears. 
There are probably works which speak of the In- 
dian wars on the southwest frontiers of Virginia, 
but I am pretty sure not one that has given a 
full or pretty accurate account. I recollect a con- 
versation with Col. Arthur Campbell on this very 
subject in which he expressed very earnest wishes 
that full accounts might be furnished some good 
historian. I know he had prepared accounts of 
several campaigns and battles, some of these he 


inteDded transmitting to Judge Heniy Toulman,* 
who at that time lived in Kentucky and was writ- 
ing a historical work. Whether Judge Toulman 
ever completed any work I do not now remember. 
I think he was writing a history of Kentucky and 
the Indian wars on the borders of Virginia. It 
might be worth while to make some inquiry in 
Kentucky about his writings. Toulman was a 
lawyer in Kentucky. He afterwards moved to the 
neighborhood of Mobile, Ala., and was, I think, 
made a Judge of the Federal Distirct Court. Gen. 
Gaines' first wife was a daughter of his, and the 
General might be able to tell you something about 
his writings. There may be a work, although 
almost forgotten, and one which may contain many 
valuable facts. 

"I recollect very well to have heard of Col. 
Stuart's memoirs of the Indian wars, but I have 
not seen it. I know Col. Stuart's character very 
well and I have no doubt the facts he would fur- 
nish would be valuable to you. It is probable 
you might learn where you could obtain Dod- 
dridge's Border Wars by writing to Judge Edwin 
Duncan of Clarksburg, if the Morgantown where 
it was published is Morgantown, in Monongalia 
County, Virginia. 

"When I get home I will endeavor to collect 
other facts and send them to you, and it is prob- 
able I can suggest other names of men whose pub- 
lic services will deserve notice, and whatever aid 
I can give to you in furnishing materials for your 
work be assured will be rendered with the highest 
pleasure. Should you at any time pass into Vir- 
ginia, it would give me great pleasure to see you 
at my residence, Montcalm, a beautiful evergreen 
hill, south of and adjoining the town of Abingdon. 
"With great respect, I am, 

"Your obedient servant, 

"David Campbell.^* 

•Some of Judge Toulman's descendants are living in Mobile, 
Ala., 1908. Henry Toulman is Federal Judge of that district. 


To His Excellency, Gov. David Campbell, Abingdon, 

''Round Lick, April 4th, 1842. 
''Dear Sir: Yours of 21)th of March is before 
me. I fear that I can give you little satisfaction 
relative to my grandfather, being but six years 
old when I left Virginia. The following are the 
prominent facts left on my mind by my mother: 
My maternal grandfather, Gen. Wm. Russell, was 
a son of William Russell, grandson of Peter Rus- 
sell, a native of England, who attained a grant 
of land from the British Government and settled 
upon it in Culpepper County, Virginia. There my 
grandfather was born and raised. He received a 
classical and scientific education at William and 
Mary College. He married my grandmother, 
Tabitha Adams, at 19 years of age. She was the 
daughter of Samuel Adams, a respectable farmer 
in Culpepper County. My grandfather emigrated 
to New River in Western Virginia, in the year 
1770, with the intention of going to Kentucky, 
near Lexington, where he had valuable lands. In 
the fall of 1773 he sent his eldest son to Ken- 
tucky with some negroes with the view of mak- 
ing a crop preparatory to settling his family there. 
But young Russell, two of his negroes, a son of the 
celebrated Daniel Boone, and two other young 
men were killed by the Indians in Powell's Val- 
ley. In 1774, my grandfather commanded, as Cap- 
tain, in the battle of Kanahaway against the 
Shawnee, Delaware and Mingo Indians. Col. 
Lewis was the chief in command. My father, Capt. 
William Bowen, fought in the same battle. Wil- 
liam Russell was also in the battle of Long Island, 
fought against the Cherokee Indians, but I know 
not in what capacity; at what time he entered the 
regular army I do not recollect ; nor am I certain 
in what capacity, but I think he entered as a Col- 
onel. He was in the battle of Brandywine, was 
taken prisoner by the British at Charleston, car- 
ried to one of the West India Islands and there 


released upon parole. Was afterwards exchanged, 
and was at the seige of Yorktown when Cornwal- 
lis was taken. Before the Kevolution, I think as 
early as 1765, he was sent by the British authori- 
ties upon an exploring expedition among the In- 
dians in the section, now about the junction of 
Georgia, Alabama and Tennessee. He was gone 
on this tour twelve months and suffered great 
hardships among the Creek Indians. I have seen 
his Journal of this expedition, but cannot recol- 
lect any of the particulars of it, nor do I know 
whether it is yet preserved. My mother's partial- 
ity made him a man of fine manners, of tall statue, 
about six feet high and of firm figure, his man- 
ners, rare at that time, were considered of the 
courtly order. 

"My health forbids that your request shall be 
complied with, by a visit from us, but we hope 
it will be convenient for you and Mrs. Campbell 
to visit us when on your way to Virginia. Can 
you not give us the pleasure of your company for 
a day or two? Be pleased to present Mr. Moore 
and myself kindly to Mrs. Campbell and to sister 
Catherine and family, and accept for yourself the 
kindest wishes of your friend, 

"Tabitha Mooeb. 

"His Excellency David Campbell." 

This is addressed to His Excellency David 
Campbell, Lebanon, Tenn. 

Post mark, Rome, Tenn., April 6. 

"Montcalm, Dec. 29th 1842. 
"Mk. Lyman C. Draper, 

"My Dear Sir: Your very interesting letter of 
the 24th of November, last, and for which you 
will please to accept my sincere thanks, was re- 
ceived some time ago, but have not until now 
had sufficient leisure to answer it as I wished. 
And now I am badly prepared, but I write lest you 
might think me negligent. 

"The information you give me respecting Col. 


Arthur CanipbeH's captivity from the Darrative 
of Col. Smith is deeply iuteresting. Col. Smith 
was mistaken iu his estimate of Arthur Camp- 
bell's age when he saw him a prisoner. I have 
the recorded age of my father, John Campbell. 
He was born the 20th*^ of April, 1741. Arthur 
Campbell was the next child, and I was under 
the impression there was two years between him 
and his brother John, and this opinion was 
strengthened by the fact that there was generally 
two years between the births of my grandmother's 
children. There may have been only about 
eighteen months between the ages of these two 
brothers which would bring Arthur Campbell's 
birth to the fall of 1742, and would make him 
in his fourteenth year when he was taken prisoner. 
This corresponds with the recollections of some 
of my relations with whom I have conversed on 
the subject. Their recollection is that he had not 
completed his fourteenth year when he was cap- 
tured, and that he was very large for his age. It 
is probable that he was on some hunting excursion 
when Col. Smith was in Detroit in 1757, or that the 
tribe of Indians with whom he was a prisoner lived 
at some distance from it, as he was a prisoner cer- 
tainlv for more than two years, and I think two and 
a haff. 

*'You enquire where Arthur Campbell was in 
1774, when the battle was fought with the Indians 
at Point Pleasant, and in 1776, when the battle 
of Long Island Flats of the Holston took place. 
I am under the impression that he held no mili- 
tary commission until he was appointed County 
Lieutenant or Col. Commandant on the organiza- 
tion of the militia of Washington County in 1777. 
This probably was owing somewhat to the circum- 
stances that he and my father lived ahvays up 
to that time in the bounds of the same militia 
company, that my father was made an oflBcer in 
early life, and two brothers would not probably 
be made officers in the same company at the same 
time. I think Arthur Campbell was a private 


in Wm. Caiupbell's compauy aud iu Christian's 
regiment at Point Pleasant in 1774. My father, 
John Campbell, of Koyal Oak, was the Lieutenant 
iu that company, and another of the family was 
there. The company remained in service until 
very cold weather. After its discharge and on 
his way home, on the levels of Greenbrier, my father 
had his hands badly frostbitten carrying his rifle. 
He was very near losing one of his hands, all 
the flesh coming off to the bones and sinews. One 
of his brothers was with him, and I think it w^as 
Arthur. In 177G, at the time of the battle of 
the Long Island Flats, Arthur Campbell was a 
member of the Virginia Convention and was at 
Williamsburg. I know not how I got into error 
about the parentage of Col, Gilbert Christian of 
Tennessee. I had always believed he was the son 
of old Capt. Gilbert Christian of Augusta County, 
in this state, of whose exploits in Indian warfare 
I have heard my father speak. I suppose, though, 
from what you inform me, he was the grandson. 
I, however, think still that Col. George Christian 
is mistaken as to the person who was distinguished 
as an Indian fighter. I have no recollection of 
hearing my father speak of Col. William Christian, 
of Augusta County, as a military man, but have 
a distinct recollection of his speaking of Capt. 
Gilbert Christian, who was an old man when he 
was a boy, and I recollect particularly his giving 
me an account of a battle with the Indians on 
the frontiers of Augusta County in which Capt. 
Christian, then about eighty years of age, com- 
manded — my father was then about sixteen — in 
which the Indians were put to rout with the loss 
of some twenty-six or thirty left dead on the 
ground, my father was in the battle. I am afraid, 
from some of your remarks, that you have formed 
too high an estimate of Col. Arthur Campbell's 
military talents. Notwithstanding all I have said 
to you respecting him, and the very high opinion 
I have expressed of his general character, I have 
never been impressed with the idea that he had a 


military genius; indeed, I think he had not, al- 
though I can give no very satisfactory reason for 
this opinion. He was a very patriotic man, firm 
and resolute in elTecting his purpose, zealous m the 
cause of liberty generally, and a firm and decided 
Whig in the Revolutionary struggle ; m pursuit ot 
an enemv, especially the Indian, cautious and cir- 
cumspect, performing his duty prudently, bravely 
and intelligently but not brilliantly. Such is the 
opinion I have formed of him as a military man, 
from the information given me, and from my own 
observation. His first cousin and brother-in-law, 
William Campbell, came up to my ideas of a mili- 
tary genius. He had ability to form able plans, 
confidence in himself to execute them, and the rare 
capacity to inspire all under his command with his 
own confidence and indomitable courage. I am 
not able to account for Gov. Pope's inattention to 
your requests, but can offer an apology for Gov 
rreston. A few days ago I had the pleasure of 
seeing Mrs. Preston at this place, and from her 1 
learned that Gov. Preston had been afflicted with 
paralvsis to such a degree as to greatly impair his 
faculties and mind. This affliction has been on him 
for some time, but I had not before understood it 
to be so serious. The letter I sent you, written by 
Isaac Shelbv to his uncle, John Shelby, giving an 
account of the Battle of Point Pleasant is I am 
sure the original letter. I am not able to tell 
vou how it got into the columes of Niles Register. 
Perhaps I can ascertain. The letter was m the 
possession of a niece of Gov. Shelby's, who lives in 
this county. She gave it to my brother, John 
Campbell. He had left it with me without any 
particular directions, and without his leave I sent 
it to you, believing you could make the best use 

^ "I'have at this time no idea who could have been 
the correspondent of ^'iles Register, and do not 
feel willing to suggest any one. You can see that 
what he savs about the letter is not strictly correct. 
How could Lieutenant Shelby's account be the 


official one or an oflicial one? He was attached to 
his father's company, and in no way connected with 
General Ixiwis, the commander, or his military 
family, or his staff department. It is a private 
letter, addressed to his uncle, John Shelby, who 
once lived about twenty miles from this, in Sullivan 
County, and died there. If the correspondent 
only meant by calling it official that it was 
authentic, then the character he gives it would do, 
otherwise not. I will make an effort to ascertain 
who made the communication to the Register. 

"The battle of the Long Island of the Holston with 
the Cherokee Indians was fought the 20th of July, 
1776. This part of Virginia was then Fincastle 

"I know the names of four Captains who com- 
manded in that battle. I think there were more 
than four companies in that battle. The four I rec- 
ollect were James Thompson, William Cocke, John 
Campbell, and James Shelby. The three first were 
from Virginia, the fourth from North Carolina, 
now Tennessee. William Russell was in the battle, 
and he was captain at that time. I think it more 
than probable he commanded a company. James 
Shelby had a company, and was either at the station 
or in the battle. The following is my recollection 
of the account of that battle as given me by my 
father when I was a boy : The militia, to the num- 
ber of three or four hundred, in consequence of an 
apprehended invasion from the Cherokees, had 
assembled at Eaton's Station (not Heaton's), when 
they received intelligence of the approach towards 
the settlement of a large body of Cherokees with 
their able and daring Chief Dragon Canoe, a con- 
sultation was had and it was determined to march 
in search of them, leaving a sufficient force to pro- 
tect the fort. A force then marched towards 
Holston of about three hundred strong. "VMien 
ih^y reached the Island Flats, five or six miles 
from the station, and whilst on their march in an 
open space of ground, level and covered with small 
trees, where they could see nearly half a mile, they 


discovered the Indians iu order of battle, advancing 
upon them with great boldness and rapidity, mak- 
ing a noise by stamping with their feet, that could 
be heard distinctly several hundred yards, and as 
soon as they came within full view, and yelling 
along their whole line. Ju this rapid pace the 
Indians continued their advance. As soon as their 
ap})roa(h was discovered, orders were given for the 
line of battle to be formed. Our men were then 
marching by the heads of companies, and they im- 
mediately began to form into line by wheeling by 
the heads of companies, a very simple and quick 
movement to effect their object, each captain bring- 
ing his company into line. Captain Cocke, in 
forming the line of his company, had to pass 
around a sinkhole, and in doing so got separated 
from it. A few men at this point broke the line for 
a moment, and produced some confusion. The 
left of this company rested on John Campbell's 
right, and in the confusion the line was not very 
well closed. This was near the center of the line. 
The Indians advanced to the attack with great 
gallantry and skill, and attempted to break through 
the line at this point, rushing up with increased 
yelling, almost to the very muzzles of the rifles, and 
fighting for several minutes with the lines inter- 
mixed. A portion of John Campbell's company 
was at this time several paces in the rear of the 
Indian line, and were engaged pell mell with the 
Indians in every direction. The Indians soon 
gave way a small distance, the line between Cocke's 
and Campbell's companies closed up, and after a 
desperate struggle of half an hour the Indians 
began gradually to retreat. 

''Our line was now formed in good order and 
pressed them for about a half mile before they 
finally broke and fled. They left of their dead on 
grounds between twenty and thirty, and according 
to Indian custom bore off their wounded and many 
that were killed. Their strength was represented 
to be about four hundred. My father, in remark- 
ing upon it, said the battle was fought with the 


greatest skill on the part of the Indians, and with 
the most determined bravery on both sides. He 
had the highest opinion of the military capacity of 
Dragon Canoe. I do not recollect to have heard 
him say what number were killed and wounded on 
the part of the whites. Captain Morrison received 
a slight wound, the ball passing through his ear. 
Morrison had no company there, but was himself in 
the fight. Captain James Thompson came to 
Holston from James River and died on his farm in 
this county. He was a man of good sense, but 
became, intemperate, therefore made no figure in 
life. He married the only sister of Gov. Shelby, 
and it was their daughter that gave my brother, 
John Campbell, Gov. Shelby's letter that I sent 
you. Captain Cocke's history you know. 

"Captain John Morrison was afterwards among 
the first emigrants to Kentucky, and settled a farm 
near Lexington, where he resided till his death. 
He was Major John Morrison in Kentucky, and 
performed much service against the Indians. He 
was a plain, unpretending man of great worth and 
the most dauntless courage. His wife was a sister 
of Col. David Campbell, of Campbell's Station, 
East Tennessee, and she was the first white woman 
that settled near Lexington, Ky. His two sons 
commanded companies in Col. Dudley's regiment 
during the last war. Archibald was shot almost 
all to pieces in Dudley's defeat, and John and 
nearly all of his company were killed in that dis- 
astrous battle with the Indians. I am very glad 
that you have been enabled to add Col. Wra. Martin, 
of Tennessee, to your list of correspondents. He is 
a highly respectable gentleman, and whatever he 
communicates may be relied upon. I have no 
doubt you will obtain through him much interest- 
ing matter, and through his brother also. 

"Col. Benjamin Sharp, of Missouri, of whom yon 
speak, was formerly a resident of this county, and 
a neighbor of my father. He afterwards removed 
to Lee County and lived there many years before 
going to Missouri. I know him very well. He is 


a man of very good sense and performed some 
service in the militia during the Revolutionary 
War I recollect his name in the Volunteers of 
this county in the Battle of Kings Mountain. A 
good deal of the duty such as he describes against 
the Tories, was performed by the militia in this 
section of country, and no doubt many requisitions 
and drafts were made upon the Tories' cornfields 
and cattle, and that they were often placed under 
arrest until they took the oath of allegiance or 
enlisted in the regular army, but these were not 
considered such lawless acts as to have attracted 
the notice of the General Assembly of Virginia, 
and to have indix'^eM it to have passed an act of 
indemnity. I have no doubt whoever brought 
forward the act I sent you, had in view as one of 
the causes, the execution of Hopkins, the Tory and 
desperado. Col. Sharp lived in the lower eud of 
Washington County, and if his memory has not 
failed, he might give you some information about 
the Shelbys, Col. John Tipton, Col. Landon Carter, 
and others in that quarter. He is, though, a very 
old man. 

"After giving you the account of the execution 
of Hopkins as correctly as I could then recollect it, 
I turned my attention more particularly to it and 
examined the records of the County Court here to 
see what was done in the Court. By their aid I 
have made out another statement, a copy of which 
I will send you. The one you have contains the 
substance of the story, but some of the details will 
be a little dififerent, and will make the act more 
justifiable. I do not know that the story is worth 
noticing at all in your work, but I thought it best, 
as you had heard of it, that you should know all of 
the facts connected with it, if any. 

"Col. Andrew I^wis, of Bant Mountain, now m 
Roanoke, is dead, I think, and he was the last sur- 
viving son of Gen. Andrew Lewis. Another son, 
Thomas Ixjwis, removed many years ago to the 
neighborhood of Huntsville, Ala., and died there. 
He had a large family, but what became of them I 


do not know. Col. Andrew I>ewis was twice mar- 
ried. The children of his first wife, I believe, are 
all dead. I know nothing of his second family. 1 
am just now at a loss to tell you who could give 
you information respecting Gen. Andrew Lewis. 
Perhaps you might learn something of his history 
from Gen. Arbuckle, of the U. S. Army, who is a 
son, I believe, of Capt. Arbuckle, who fought with 
Gen. Lewis at Point Pleasant. I am pretty sure 
he is. 

"Allen McGruder was a lawyer, became intem- 
perate, and died many years ago in Kentucky. I 
suppose he never completed his work on Indian 
wars. The Hon. John J. Crii''!f>z«.den, of the U. S. 
Senate, would, no doubt, inform you on this subject. 

"I have this moment thought of a person who can 
give you all the information you may desire about 
Dr. Fleming, and probably Col. Wm. Christian and 
Gen. Andrew Lewis. Mrs. ]<^lizabeth Eamsey, the 
eldest daughter of Col. Fleming, is ret living and 
is a most intelligent and worthy woman. I under- 
stand she now lives with her daughter, Mrs. Swan, 
about ten miles from Campbell's Station, Tennessee. 
If you will write to her and enclose the letter to 
the Hon, Thomas J. Campbell, with the request that 
he would enclose it to her, I have no doubt she 
would safely receive it, and would promptly reply 
to all your inquiries, particularly if you inform her 
that Mrs. Campbell and myself have deferred you to 
her. You may rely implicitly on all she tells you. 
I have never heard of Weems' work. I have not 
received any answer to my letter to Mrs. Beard 
(Col. Arthur Campbell's daughter), and I fear 
that his valuable papers are all destroyed and that 
she is ashamed to tell me. I expect to .be able 
during the winter to send you a copy of his report 
of his campaign against the Cherokees in the winter 
of 1780-81, and several other papers. I also hope 
to give you a sketch of his captivity from recollec- 
tions of myself and others. I am not yet prepared 
to say what others ought to be noticed by you be- 
sides those whose names have been furnished. 


"William Edmiston was a Major of Col. Wm. 
Campbell's regiment in the battle of Kings Moun- 
tain, and was at that time Major of the 70th Regi- 
ment of the militia. There were eight Edmistons 
in that battle, and three of them were killed. They 
were all brave men. 

''Captain James Montgomery, about whom you 
inquire, removed from this county some forty-five 
veare ago to Kentucky, and died there. He was a 
farmer, and had represented Washington County 
in the Convention that adopted the Federal Con- 
Btitution, and perhaps was once or twice a member 
of the House of Delegates. Col. John Snoddy, 
when a young man, lived in this county and mor- 
ried here. I do not recollect him, but knew some 
of his descendants, and have heard him spoken of. 
He was a good Indian fighter, and, I believe, a man 
of very good character. Any information he might 
give you, I suppose, might be relied upon. The 
70th Regiment of the militia was organized m 1777. 
That you may have some idea of its composition, 
I will give you the names of its first field officers 
and captains. 

"This organiKation was formed before any line 
was extended across the valley of the Holston be- 
tween Virginia and North Carolina, and a large 
portion of what was afterward called Sullivan 
County was supposed to be in Virginia, and actu- 
ally was north of the true line, but was relinquished 
to Tennessee by Virginia. 

"Arthur Campbell, County Lieutenant; Evan 
Shelby, Colonel; William Campbell, Lieutenant 
Colonel; Daniel Smith, Major; Captains: William 
Edmiston, John Campbell (of 'Royal Oak'), Joseph^ 
Martin (afterwards the General), John Shelby, Sr., 
brother to Evan, James Montgomery, Robert 
Buchanan, Sr., Aaron Lewis, John Duncan, Gilbert 
Christian (the colonel who died in 1795), James 
Shelbv, James Dysart, Thomas Martin, John 
Campbell (of Rich Valley), John Kincaid, John 
Anderson, William Bowen, George Adams, Robert 
Craig, Andrew Colvelle, and James Robertson— 


twenty companies. Four or five were afterwards 
considered to be in Sullivan County. Col. Evan 
Shelby took a commission from the State of North 
Carolina, and .William Campbell, in April, 1780,^ 
was appointed Colonel in the room of Shelby, 
supposed to be in North Carolina. 

"Daniel Smith, Lieutenant Colonel, and Wra. 
Edmiston, Major (the Edmondson name is some- 
times spelled Edmiston, but it is the same name). 
The second captain on the list is my father. 
Thompson and Cocke were captains in Fincastle 
county, but appear not to have been reappointed 
when the Washington Regiment was formed. Why 
Thompson was left out I am not able to tell you. 
I think it probable after the battle of Long Island 
Flats, Cocke resigned; perhaps Thompson also 
resigned, for I hear nothing of him afterwards in 
Indian or British warfare. 

"I believe this is all I can tell you at this time. 
Should you come into Virginia next summer, you 
must not fail to call and see me. 
''With the highest respect, 

"I am, your obedient servant, 

**DAvm Campbell. 

''P. S. — Among other papers which I intend send- 
ing you, is a copy of a short biographical sketch of 
Gen. William Campbell, written by Col. Arthur 
Campbell many years ago. It was given by him to 
me, and I had given it to Mrs. Preston (Gen. C.'s 
daughter). Lately I obtained a copy of it from 

"I believe portraits cannot be had of either 
William or Arthur Campbell. None were ever 
taken. The portrait of Col. John B. Campbell is in 
the possession of his widow, now Mrs. Sally Finck- 
lin, of Lexington, Kentucky, would, I have no 
doubt, be a pretty good likeness of Gen. Wm. 
Campbell. David, the youngest child of Col. 
Arthur Campbell, is still living, I have lately heard. 
He was last summer in this country, but I did not 
see him. If you could see his face it would give 

Margaret Campbell Pilcher. 

Wife of James Stuart Pilcher. 


you a pretty good idea of the outlines of his 

"In September, 1777, John Snoddey was ap- 
pointed captain in the room of Joseph Martin, who 
was appointed Indian Agent to the Cberokees. 
This is Col. John Snoddy, about whom you enquire. 
He must have been in many of the battles with the 
Indians, I have no doubt, and was probably in the 
battle of Long Island Flats, and with Col. Arthur 
Campbell in his campaign. Is he yet living? 
Mrs. E. Eamsey, to whom I have referred you, is 
the oldest daughter of Col. Fleming and niece of 
Col. William Christian, her mother being his sister. 
She knows all about the history of both her father 
and uncle. She was bom and raised in Eoanoke, 
in the neighborhood of Gen. Andrew Lewis, I think, 
and I have no doubt she can tell you much about 
him. She is now over seventy years of age, per- 
haps seventy-two. I am still under the impression 
that Gov. Shelby never represented Washington 
County in the Virginia T^egislature. He may, 
though, have been a member in 1779. I have not 
the Journal of that year, so am not able to say 
how the fact is. 

"Arthur Campbell seems to have been Major in 
1775 in Fincastle County, Virginia." 

A Letter Written to Lyman C. Draper by Gov. 
David Campbell, of Abingdon, Va. 

''Montcalm, February 16, 1843. 
"Dear Sir: 

"As I wish this letter to pass on to you before the 
close of the present Congress, I will now, though 
not as well prepared as I ought to be, continue ray 
answers to your enquiries in your letter of the 
24th of last month. I will first make some remarks 
on the private character and social qualities of 
Col. Arthur Campbell, and the views expressed by 
others concerning them; and in doing this I will 
give you a few facts which will enable you to judge 


for yourself as to the correctness and justice of 
some of the imputations against him. 

"To show you how unjust any charge must have 
been against Col. Campbell, that in the difference 
he had with his sister-in-law, Mrs. Gen. William 
Campbell, about the guardiansship of her children, 
he was influenced by selfish or unworthy motives, 
I will give you the facts from the record, and from 
my father's account of it, and if my father had a 
leaning either way it was to the widow, for he 
was the bosom friend of Gen. Campbell, and the 
devoted friend of his widow and children, and took 
a decided part wuth the widow against her brother- 
in-law and his brother. The truth is, you will see 
in this transaction Col. Arthur Campbell's true 
character — a disposition to rule, to be overhearing, 
not to consult the wishes or opinion of others, but 
arbitrarily to adopt his own opinions, Mve his own 
way, and with the greatest obstinacy to persevere 
in carrying out what he undertook. 

''Gen. Campbell's will bears the date 28th of 
September, 1780, and is witnessed by Col. William 
Edmondson and one or two others. It was, there- 
fore, written whilst on his march in pursuit of 
Ferguson, and nine days before the battle of Kings 
Mountain. Not quite twelve months afterwards 
he died in lower Virginia. By the will, Mrs. 
Campbell, Col. Arthur Campbell, and Col. Wm. 
Christian are appointed Executors. On the 16th 
of April, 1782, this will was produced in Court, 
proven and admitted to record. Col. Campbell 
and Col. Christian ^'declined" qualifying as exec- 
utors, and the widow took probate alone, giving 
her executor's bond ^with John Campbell (my 
father) and William Edmondson as her securities 
(not Arthur Campbell or Christian). Here, no 
doubt, a breach had already commenced. Gen. 
Campbell had directed in his will that his son, 
Charles, then living, should receive a liberal educa- 
tion and his daughter, Sarah B., such an education 
as became her rank and station in society. Col. 
Arthur Campbell, although he had declined quail- 


fying as executor of these children and construed 
the will as appointing executors testamentary 
guardians. On consulting counsel that idea was 
somewhat abandoned, and at a Court held for 
Washington County the 21st of March, 1783, he 
being then in Court, the Court appointed Col. 
Christian and himself guardians of the two chil- 
dren. The next day these two guardians executed 
their bonds, but John Campbell, though Clerk of 
the Court and then at his table, does not become 
security for either, and my impression is the ap- 
pointment was made without consulting the widow. 
On May 20, 1783, an order is entered directing 
Gen. Wm. Eussell (who had married the widow 
of Gen. Campbell) to render an account of the 
estate. The only son of Gen. Campbell soon after 
this died. He was quite young, and in a year or 
two an open rupture between the widow and Col. 
Arthur Campbell took place about the education 
of the daughter. Col. Campbell, as guardian, wish- 
ing to control and direct it, and the mother refusing 
to permit him to do so. When the daughter was 
about ten or eleven years old — that is, about 1786 
or 1787 — Col. Campbell was one day passing Aspen- 
vale, the residence of Mrs. Campbell (then Mrs. 
Wm. Russell), when he met Sarah, the daughter, 
with some companions, near the gate of the dwell- 
ing house. He spoke to them, and after convers- 
ing a short time with Sarah about her education 
and the manner in which it was neglected, pro- 
posed to her that she would get on the horse behind 
him and go to school, as he had a good school then 
at his house. She consented, and he thus carried 
her home. The girls who were with her went to 
the house and repeated to Mrs. Russell what had 
happened, and the next day she, accompanied by 
Gen.. Russell, went to Col. Campbell's to bring 
home her daughter, but the Colonel would not let 
them see her. I do not recollect how long Sally 
remained at Col. Campbell's — some weeks, though — 
when the matter was compromised and she taken 
home again. Mrs. Russell now applied to counsel, 


and in examining the appointment of Col. Camp- 
bell as guardian, some error was discovered which 
induced the District Court to set it aside, and by 
general consent, Thomas Madison, of Botetourt 
County, an uncle by marriage (his wife was a sister 
of Mrs. Russell and of Patrick llenry), was ap- 
pointed guardian, and Sally Campbell was soon 
afterwards taken there, where she remained until 
she was married to Gen. Francis Preston. Now 
for the evidence of Col. Campbell's motives. 

"About the time he was made guardian or shortly 
afterwards, it was discovered that valuable salt- 
water could be had on Sally's plantation, which had 
been left her by her father. This tract contained 
330 acres of marsh land. The rich hills around 
were covered with the finest and most lofty timber, 
and some skirts of the low grounds were vacant 
lands. Before any stir took place among the peo- 
ple, or any one but Col. Arthur Campbell thought 
of the value of these timbered lands, and much of 
which are now the richest farming lands in 
the county, Col. Arthur Campbell went to the sur- 
veyor's office and secured the whole of them for 
his niece, doubling at once the value of her salt 
works, and this property (the salt-works) has for 
the last forty j'ears rented for from ten to thirty 
thousand dollars a year. On this subject I have 
conversed with Mrs. Francis Preston (Sarah B. 
Campbell), and she always acknowledges that her 
uncle, Col. Arthur Campbell, is the only relation 
who ever added one cent in value to her estate. The 
lands I have here described are now worth to her 
salt-works fifty thousand dollars, after supplying 
timber to make salt for at least twenty years. 

"Such was the conduct of the friend who, in Mrs. 
Russell's passion, she was representing, no doubt, 
to her brother. Gov. Patrick Henry, and others, as 
acting from unworthy motives of endeavoring to 
possess himself of her daughter's property. And 
you can see how it was, that although Col. Camp- 
bell was rendering such important and disinterested 
service, he got no credit for it. He could do 


nothing without quarreling, and in this instance, 
the lady had more friends than he. My father, 
Capt. John Campbell, took part with her, right or 
wrong, throughout this whole family squabble, and 
it deserves to be called nothing else. 1 would 
object to Col. Martin's account of Col. Arthur 
Campbell's character; first, he could of his own 
knowledge have known but little of Col. Campbell, 
and secondly, because I have no doubt there were 
differences between Col. Campbell and his father, 
Gen. Jo.seph Martin. 

''On looking over some of the old county records 
here, which furnished facts that cannot deceive, I 
find on the ISth of March, 1784, the following order 
entered : 'Ordered that John Kincaid and Jas. 
Montgomery be recommended to His Excellency, 
the Governor, as capable i3ersons for Sherifl:' of 
Washington County, also that Joseph Martin 
stands first in the commission of the peace, but he 
being a Senator from Sullivan County, in the State 
of North Carolina, we leave it to the Executive to 
judge right.' 

"After a little more business the court adjournis, 
and Arthur Campbell signs the minutes as pre- 
siding Justice. Now, knowing Col. Campbell's 
disposition, I have no doubt his opinion in the 
above case was the opinion of the Court, and 
although Gen. Martin must have been acting at 
that time as a justice in Washington County, as he 
seems to have desired the sheriffalty, yet from the 
statement made by the Court, which must also have 
been true, he was clearly not entitled to the office ; 
but if Col. Campbell was in any way forward in 
giving his opinion in Court, it would be cause of 
offense. The above I have just found by accident. 
Before I saw the statement of Col. Martin I 
never heard of anything mercenary attributed to 
Col. Campbell, and although mixed up with other 
failings, I knew him to po.ssess some high traits of 
character, and that he was a valuable public man 
during the revolution, yet I should have considered 
myself badly employed in furnishing anything con- 


ceiniug him as a foundation for peri)etuatiug his 
memory if I had thought him any thing like the 
character represented, for although I entirely agree 
that the prominent good traits in a man's char- 
acter ought to be properly presented, yet most cer- 
tainly truth should always be vindicated. 

"In doing this it is true the historian often has 
a difficult task to perform, especially where he has 
to rely upon the opinions of others, yet it should be 

"While a man lives, if he makes many enemies, 
he is almost certain of being traduced. 

"Such was the fate of Col. Arthur Campbell. 
This I know. He had more bitter enemies than 
any man I ever knew in my life; and whilst he 
lived he could and would say as hard things of them 
as they said of him, but I do not think he has any 
relations, out of his own immediate family, who 
would repeat any of his harsh and reproachful 
remarks about the public men who were contem- 
porary with him. I am sure I would not. 

"The documents and testimony going to show 
the total falsity of the assault upon Gen. Wm. 
Campbell's character for his conduct in the battle 
of Kings Mountain are in the possession of his 
daughter, Mrs. Francis Preston ; she has the testi- 
mony of thirty-seven gentlemen (whose names I 
know) that were in that battle. I don't think she 
has Gov. Shelby's publications. She is now in 
Columbia, South Carolina, with her son, Wm. C. 
Preston, but will be at home this spring, and lives 
my nearest neighbor. If you can, I am under the 
impression it would he your best plan to come to 
this place and spend a month or two next summer 
with Mrs. Preston and myself, where you could 
learn much which cannot be communicated Dy 

"Montcalm, March 13, 1843. 
"lAjman C. Draper, Esq. 

"My Dear Sir — Having a leisure hour, I had just 
taken a sheet of paper to commence an answer to 


jour letter of the 24tli of January, when I had the 
pleasure of receiving from the postoffice yours of 
the 24th of last month. 

"1 have been making every efTort I could, but have 
not yet been able to find a person living who was 
in the battle of Long Island. Col. George Chris- 
tian mentions to you Cornelius Carmack as one 
who was there. 1 suppose I know Mr. Carmack, 
and he may be old enough to have been in the battle, 
but he shows so much ignorance about the names 
of the officers, that I would doubt his being there. 
Carmack knew my father very well, and if he does 
not recollect his being there with a company, then 
I would conclude he was not there himself, and 
speaks of what took place from hearing others talk 
about it. I am now entirely satisfied from the 
inquiries I have made, and from my own recollec- 
tions of the statements of my father, that there 
were no other companies in the battle but Thomp- 
son's, Cocke's and his own, and probably James 
Shelby's. I am under the impression that James 
Shelby and his company were in the battle. 

"Since I last wrote you, I have received a letter 
from my brother, James Campbell, of Nashville, 
Tenn., part of which is on the subject of the Long 
Island battle, in answer to enquiries I made of 
him, an extract of which I will give you. In 
speaking of the battle he says: *My recollection of 
the matter is this: The Indians, when at the dis- 
tance of about 300 yards from our lines, suddenly 
raised the war-whoop, and seemed as if they had 
been lying in ambush and had rose up in order of 
battle ; they were in the form of a cone — the apex 
towards the center of our line. The whites were 
marching along in the usual way, and when the 
war-whoop was raised, orders were given to form 
the line. In doing this, some disorder took place, 
but order was soon restored, the Indians running 
in the meantime, at full speed upon our lines.' He 
says, then, I think, the line was formed substan- 
tially as you have stated, and then he says: 'There 
were four companies in the battle — Wm. Cocke's, 


John Campbell's, James Shelby's and James 
Thompson's. The Indians on the apex of the cone 
ran up within a few feet of our line before they 
gave way. They expected to break our lines. 
Twenty-six of the enemy were left dead on the 
ground, besides those that were carried off, and 
what is a little remarkable, after such an impetu- 
ous charge, they made a regular retreat and car- 
ried off their wounded and a portion of their dead.' 

"You see, my brother places Cocke as the oldest 
captain, and so calls him, but in this he is mis- 
taken. I recollect very well Thompson was the 
senior captain, then Cocke, Campbell, Shelby. I 
now think it highly probable that no official ac- 
count was given by Thompson of the battle. The 
account spoken of by James L. Cummings in the 
letter I enclosed to you, as given by Col. Arthur 
Campbell, was not one made out at the time of the 
battle, but a statement furnished long after from 
recollection from what was verbally related to him. 
This account, my brother says, was by himself 
given to Judge Haywood. He does not say what 
notice Judge Haywood took of it, and as I have 
never seen Haywood's history, I can say nothing on 
the subject at present. He has promised to en- 
deavor to procure the account itself for me, if it 
can be found among the Judge's papers. 

"My brother's letter has refreshed my memory 
very much on the above subject. I have now a 
distinct recollection that our father stated that 
the Indians advanced upon them in the order and 
at the pace described by my brother. 

"I recollect his saying that the Indians at the 
apex of the cone came in contact with the right 
of his company, and left of Cocke's, and from the 
line of Cocke's company being too much extended, 
were near breaking through at this point. Dragon 
Canoe, the chief, led his column. 

"Robert Edmondson (not the one you think of, 
but a cousin of his), who was in John Campbell's 
company, and as I had always supposed was his 
lieutenant, and John Morrison, who, I believe, was 


in James Shelby's company, stood side by side in 
front of the line, and by their firmness rendered 
great service. My father has often spoken of this. 
Edmondson was afterwards killed at the battle of 
Kings Mountain, and was then a ]>ieutenant. I, 
when a boy going to a grammar school, boarded 
nearly two years with his excellent widow, and 
have heard her detail all his services; he was a 
brother of Major William Edmondson. 

"I will not insist any further on the christian 
name of the Indian fighter, Captain Christian, as 
Col. George Christian seems to be so positive in 
his recollection, but if his uncle William was the 
man, then he could not have been a very old man 
between the years of 1757 and 1759. I still think 
he has confounded names, but perhaps he has not. 
Dr. Thomas Walker's papers would, no doubt, fur- 
nish much valuable information. I suppose they 
are all in the possession of Wra. C. Rives, of the 
U. S. Senate, who married Dr. Walker's grand- 
daughter, and lives where the doctor lived in Albe- 
marle County. If you desire to examine these 
papers, you must in some w^ay get an introduction 
to Mrs. Rives, who is a literary lady, having written 
two or three works, and having inherited the 
mansion where Dr. Walker resided until the time 
of his death. Her last work is entitled, "Tales and 
Souvenirs of a Residence in Europe: By a Lady 
of Virginia" (Phila. : Lea & Blanchard, 1842). By 
reading this work, and then visiting Mrs. Rives 
with a letter from Mr. Nathaniel Talmadge, of the 
U. S. Senate, or Mr. Legare, Attorney-General of 
the United States, I have no doubt you would be 
permitted to see and examine all of Dr. Walker's 
Journals, and probably other papers. Dr. Walker 
rambled all over Southwest Virginia, and part of 
Kentucky, and if you read Mrs, Rives' works you 
will discover that much of her story is taken from 
incidents in the life of her grandfather, whilst in 
the woods and wilds of the West. 

"You ask whether Mrs. Ramsey, to whom I re- 
ferred you for information about Col. Fleming, 


aud others, is the widow of Col. Ramsey aud the 
mother of Dr. Eamsey, of Kiioxville. No; she is 
not; her husband was a Presbyterian clergyman 
aud brother of Col. liamsey. I have understood 
that Peter Force, of ^yashington City, has devoted 
much time aud labor in collecting documents re- 
lating to the history of the new settlements and 
Indian wars, etc. 1 have no doubt you could find 
much interesting matter in his collection. 

"I expect all of Col. Wm. Preston's pai^ers, or 
most of them, were in the possession of his son, 
Gen. John Preston, who was the oldest of the family. 
1 do not know who obtained possession of his 
papers; perhaps some may have been retained by 
the widow of Col. Wm. Preston, and if so, they 
are now in possession of Governor Preston. 

''I am not prepared just now to answer the im- 
portant questions you put to me in your letter of 
the 24th of January. I will not, however, lose 
sight of them, and in the course of a few months, 
I will endeavor to answer them as far as T can. In 
that time I will also have it in my power to send 
you a copy of Col. Arthur Campbell's ofiicial report 
of his campaign in 1781, the sketch I have pre- 
pared about the execution of Hopkins, reminis- 
cences of the Rev. Charles Cummings, including 
his skirmish with the Indians, and some other 
papers. I will endeavor also to commit to paper 
what I have heard my father relate about the battle 
of Point Pleasant in 1774, and the consequences 
which followed. I am afraid, though, this last 
will be defective. I do not think I will be able to 
give you any information about the troops from 
Shenandoah in Lord Dunmore's campaign of 1774. 
After reflecting upon my brother James Campbell's 
letter, giving his recollections of what our father 
stated about the Long Island Battle, I think Capt. 
William Cocke's own account of his conduct on 
that occasion may be adopted without violence to 
historical truth. 

"The Indians, with Dragon Canoe at their head, 
attempted to break through our lines at the point 


where Capt. Cocke's and Capt. Campbell's com- 
panies united; some few of the Indians got into 
the rear of the line. Capt. Cocke's own account 
was that these Indians got between him and his 
company in the confusion of the first onset, and 
that he could not get back to the line. This may 
have been so. My father's attention at this mo- 
ment was diiected mainly to his own company and 
to the Indians, who were almost in reach of his 
rifle, and therefore he could not say precisely what 
occuned at a distance from him to the right. 

"I have no doubt Gen. Lewis' account of the 
battle of Point Pleasant can be found in Peter 
Force's collection of oflBcial papers. Col. Arthur 
Campbell's report of his campaign has been found 
there. I think it probable you might also find 
among ifr. Force's collection Col. Wm. Christian's 
official report of his campaign in 1776 against the 
Cherokees, and many other important papers. 

"You inquire about Col. Arthur Campbell being 
in Powell's Valley with a party of men, in or about 
1773, and interring the bones of Young Eussell. I 
know nothing of tlie circumstances, and indeed, I 
find as I examine the history, that I am much more 
ignorant of his public acts than I supposed I was. 
"Most respectfully, 

"Your obedient servant, 

"David Campbell.'* 

Lyman C. Draper to Gov. David Campbell, of Abing- 
don, Virginia, July 1, 1845, says: 

"Maj. Benj. Sharp, in speaking of your father, 

" *In giving you ray views of the character of 
Capt. John Campbell, my attachment to him was 
so strong, as perhaps to render me blind to defects 
in his character that others might discover. He 
was one among the most confidential friends I ever 
had in my life. For eight or ten yeai-s that we lived 
neighbors, our political, moral, and religious sen- 
timents were precisely the same. He was temper- 


ate in all his habits; his disposition mild and 
iinassuiTiing; his maimers and address free from 
familiarity, but not obtrusive; his mind highly 
cultivated, and his judgment sound and discrim- 
inating, lie was dignilied without pride, humble 
without severity, religious without superstition or 
ostentation. lie was sincere in his friendships, his 
disposition towards his enemies I never knew 
tested, for I never knew he had any. He was the 
useful citizen, obliging neighbor, affectionate hus- 
band, kind father, indulgent master to his slaves, 
and to crown all, he was a true patriot, a Whig of 
1776. I feel my incapacity to fully delineate the 
character of such a man, so noble and so true in 
everything. His descendants may well cherish, 
and revere his memory, and if they make his char- 
acter the chart by which they sail through the ocean 
of life, they may stand a fair chance never to be 
wrecked in its rocks and quicksands. 

" 'Maj. Benjamin Sharp.^ " 

The above-named Capt. John Campbell was captain 
of a company in the battle of Long Island Flats, fought 
on the 20th of July, 1776, against the Cherokee Indians ; 
was afterwards an officer in the Continental Army; 
organized a company from Western Virginia and 
fought bravely during the Revolution. He was a 
brother to Margaret Campbell, who married Capt. 
David Campbell, of Campbell's Station, East Tennessee, 
the grandfather of the late Gov. Wm. B. Campbell, of 
Tennessee. He was father of the late Gov. David Camp- 
bell, of Abingdon, Virginia. He was called John 
Campbell of "Royal Oak." 


"January 19, 1853. 
"Dr. J. O. M. Ramsey. 

"Dear Sir — I have just received your letter of 
the 10th inst., and by it see that you had only then 
received mine of the 1st of the month. This shows 
very bad management in the transportation of the 
mails. A letter from here ought to reach you by 


the way of Chattanooga and Augusta, in Georgia, 
in less time than three days. I thank you for your 
letter, and for your replying so promptly to the one 
I wrote you; and I will with much pleasure an- 
swer your enquiries or such of them as 1 can at this 

"Mrs. Campbell says you are correct in the time 
when the settlement was made at Campbell's Sta- 
tion. Her father, Col. David Campbell, removed 
to the laud, she thinks, in the fall of 1786, having 
the previous summer gone down from Greene 
County, accompanied by his cousins, James and 
David Campbell, and Archibald McCaleb and wife, 
and built a cabin oitv." o and raised a crop of corn. 
After removing his own family as far down as Gen. 
White's fort, near Knoxville, or where Knoxville 
now stands, he took with him James and David 
Campbell, Arch. McCaleb, and Joseph Taylor, and 
built the block houses. He then removed his fam- 
ily — the Campbells, James and David, and McCaleb 
removed theirs — and he was joined by Mr. Black- 
burn, father of Gideon Blackburn, and family, and 
Joseph Taylor, who soon afterwards married Miss 
Blackburn, Gideon's sister. These men, with two 
or three others hired by Col. Campbell, composed 
the defense of Campbell's Station at that time. 
My wife, Maria H. Campbell, daughter of Col. 
David Campbell, at this time a young girl, was 
taken by one of her aunts to Virginia, and remained 
four years in the family of her grandfather, her 
mother's father, David Campbell. During these 
four years she had no knowledge of the occurrences 
at her father's home at the station. After her 
return, however, there was much danger and many 
alarms from the Indians. On one occasion, when 
the men were all absent from the fort and Col. 
Campbell out in the fields with his hired men, they 
were fired upon by the Indians from the adjoining 
woods, but from so great a distance no injury was 
done. He immediately ordered the horses un- 
hitched from the plows, the men mounting them 
rode rapidly to the fort. When they arrived they 


fouud Mrs. Margai-et Campbell, the Colonel's wife, 
with the block house doors barred, her children by 
her side, and she sitting with a ride in her iiand at 
a port-hole near the door, quietly awaiting to learn 
the result of the firing in the field. The other fam- 
ilies at this time were not in the fort. Upon 
another occasion during the absence of her husband 
and all of the able-bodied men upon an expedition 
against the Indians, the fort was attacked; at this 
time all the families were in the fort. She called 
together the old men, boys and women, and they all, 
rifles in hands, repulsed the attack, the Indians 
thinking they had made a mistake in supposing 
there were only women, cl '^Vd/en and old men at 
the block house. 

"Your obedient servant, 

"David Campbell.'' 

Annals of Tennessee, by Dr. Ramsey. 

"I am not personally acquainted with Dr. Ram- 
sey, but I had sui)posed he was a gentleman of 
sufficient judgment, and had regard enough for 
truth and the characters of the dead, not to insert 
in his work as historical truth, any foolish story 
which he might hear, although he could give his 
authority for the statement. 

"At page 154 of his work will be found his ac- 
count of the battle of Island Flats, between the 
militia of Southwestern Virginia and the Cherokee 
Indians, in May, 1776. ITe had the official account 
before him, and saw the names of the captains who 
commanded in the battle. Yet on the authority of 
Mr. George Huffacre, who says he was in the battle, 
and as I suppose having no command, Dr. Ramsey 
makes this most extraordinary statement: 'While 
the captains were endeavoring to form line, some 
confusion ensued, when Isaac Shelby (a volunteer 
imder no command and not in ranks) gave orders 
for each captain to fall into place and with his 
company to march back a few paces and form line. 
His orders were obeyed,' etc. Although this story 


is perfectly ridiculous and would not obtain credit 
with any person in the least acquainted with mil- 
itary affairs, yet many readers might believe it 
because published by Dr. Eanisey, and it was cal- 
culated, with all such readers, to greatly disparage 
the officers in command. Is it possible that Dv. 
Kamsey could have credited such a statement? 1 
am hardlv charitable enough to suppose it, and am 
almost obliged to conclude that in his extreme 
desire to exalt Isaac Shelby, wherever and when- 
ever he named him, he was indifferent to the 
character of all who might suffer by it. But the 
truth is, Isaac Shelby could not have been present 
at all at this battle. By his own showing, he must 
have bc^n in Kentucky at that time, when the Com- 
missioner' Court sat for adjusting titles to un- 
patented lands in Kentucky, and granting certifi- 
cates to actual settlers. Isaac Shelby's claim was 
presented for a settlement and pre-emption. It 
was granted, allowing him four hundred acres for 
his settlement and a warrant for one thousand 
acres for his pre-emption adjoining, and in the 
certificate the fact is stated that his settlement and 
making of a crop of corn on the same in the year 
1776 was satisfactorily proved to the Court. The 
proof must have shown a residence on the land 
during the summer. The Commissioners were men 
of high character, and would not have accepted any 
but satisfactory proof, and Captain John Logan, 
the friend of Shelby, and who presented the claim 
in 1779 to the Court, would not have offered any 

''The above statement is made with a copy of the 
certificate in right of settlement before me. There 
were officers in that battle who had been engaged in 
Indian warfare for ten or fifteen years, and had 
been in battles before. They would not have sub- 
mitted to anv usurpation of command or authority, 
nor could it have been attempted. Capt. John 
Campbell commanded the center company, and had 
experience as an officer. Capt. James Shelby com- 
manded the wing on the right, and received proper 


notice for his good conduct in the official account 
of the battle signed by all the captains. John 
Morrison was there, a man remarkable for his cool 
bravery, afterwards Major Morrison of Ken- 
tucky, and father of the gallant Captain Morrison 
who^fell at Dudley's Defeat. 

"The very remarkable man, Robert Edmondson, 
was there. Kobert Campbell was there, who some 
years ago died near Knoxville. David Campbell, 
afterwards Col. Campbell, of Campbell's Station, 
was there. Lieut. Davis and others, all of whom 
were distinguished for their cool bravery, and most 
of whom were in the center company, perfornaed 
their duties promptly in bringing the men into line 
of battle under their proper ofiScers, and all stood 

"There was no private taking command or vol- 
unteer giving orders and teaching the men their 
duty. When Evan Shelby, the father of Gov. Isaac 
Shelby, emigrated to Holston he purchased the 
tract of land where Rev. James King now lives, 
held under a i»atent from the State of Virginia, 
and part of which was in Virginia as the line was 
finally agreed on, some twenty or more years after- 
wards. Shelby considered himself in Virginia, and 
held offices in Virginia, both civil and military. In 
1774 he was Captain of the Militia in Fincastle 
County when the Governor of Virginia called for 
volunteers to make a campaign against the Shaw- 
nee Indians. Capt. Shelby raised a company, one- 
half of whom lived in the present bounds of Wash- 
ington County, and perhaps more. Dr. Ramsey 
represents Shelby and his company as being Ten- 
nesseans. Now, this is a very small matter; but 
why make the statement? Shelby was a Virginia 
officer at the time, acting under a Virginia Com- 
mission, and some of his men lived near Abingdon. 
The two Mangles, Carmack, Isaac Newland, Sam 
Vance, Samples, Arthur Blackburn, Ca.sey. Stewart, 
Goff and Bradley lived some distance from the 
State line in Virginia. Besides, did not Dr. Ram- 
sey know there was a dispute about the State line, 

Mrs. Frances Owen Campbell 

And Infant Son, William B. 
She Was Born in IsiS; Died in ISW. 


and that Shelby held iu Virginia until 1779. He 
then withdrew and acted as a militia officer in 
North Carolina." 
The above is in Gov. David Campbell's handwriting. 

A Copy. 

M. C. P. 


Old Washington. 

"Some account of the first settlers of old Wash- 
ington County, Virginia, would, no doubt, be inter- 
esting to many of the readers of the Virginian, and 
I could tell them something on that subject, if I 
had the resolution to write it down ; but on that 
point I have some misgivings. I will, however, 

"Hunters visited the country as early as 1745, 
but no families came and settled permanently until 
about 1767 or 17G8. In two years from that time 
many emigrated, so that in 1770 the country was 
dotted all over with improvements. The first great 
migration was from Augusta County, but the spirit 
was immediately caught, and large numbers of 
families, and, indeed, whole connections, came from 
Frederick County and the Valley — from the Augusta 
line to the Potomac — from the upper counties of 
Maryland and from Pennsylvania. Botetourt and 
the country on each side of it sent members. The 
first large connections were the Edmondsons, of 
whom there were ten or twelve families of the same 
name. Then the Vances, Newells, Blackburns, and 
several others of that connection ; the Campbells, 
five or six families; the Davises, four brothers — 
Nathaniel, John, James and Samuel Davis; the 
Craigs, three brothers — David, Robert and James 
Craig; two or three families of the Colvilles, and 
the same number of Briggscs; two families of 




Logans, John and Benjamin Logan ; a large num- 
ber of liiichanaiis, and several families of Beatjs 
and their connections, the Kayburns and Dysarts; 
also a large connection of the Berry family; five 
or six Lowrey families; the Sharps and Laughlins, 
a large connection, including the Kings and 
Youngs. These Youngs were not the German 
family; they were of Irish descent. I have named 
such as occurs to me; but that the reader may 
know who were the heads of families that composed 
the Rev. Charles Cummings' congregation at Sink- 
ing Spring, in the Glade Spring neighborhood, I 
will give a list of their names, and it must be re- 
membered that they were all Presbyterians. 

"These families were in the country previous to 

George Blackburn 
William Blackburn 
John Vance 
John Casey 
Benjamin Logan 
Nathan McNabb 
John Davis 
Halbert McLure 
Arthur Blackburn 
Nathaniel Davis 
Samuel Evans 
William Kennedy 
Andrew McFerran 
Samuel Hen drey 
John Patterson 
James Gil more 
John Lowrey 
William Christian 
Andrew Colville 
Robert Craig 
Joseph Black 
Jonathan Douglas 
William Berry 
John Cusick 
James Piper 
James Harold 

Robert Edmondson 
Thomas Berry 
Robert Trimble 
William Magaughey 
David Dryden 
Samuel Briggs 
Wesley White 
James Dorchester 
James Fulkerson 
Stephen Jordan 
Alexander Laughlin 
James English 
Richard Moore 
Thomas Ramsey 
Samuel Wilson 
Joseph Vance 
William Y'oung 
William Davidson 
James l''oung 
John Sharp 
John Long 
Robert Topp 
John Hunt 
Thomas Bailey 
David Getgood 
Alexander Breckinridge 



Samuel Newell 
David Wilson 
David Craig 
Eobert Gamble 
Andrew Martin 
Augustus Webb 
John McNabb 
Chris. Frnnkhouser 
John Frankhouser, Sr. 
John Frankhouser, Jr. 
Thomas Sharp 
John Berrj 
James Montgomery 
Samuel Huston 
Henry Cresswell 
George Adams 
George Buchanan 
James Dysart 
William Miller 
Andrew Leeper 
David Snodgrass 
Daniel McCormick 
Francis Kincannon 
Joseph Snodgrass 
James Thompson 
Robert Denniston 
William Edmondson 
Samuel Edmondson 
Andrew Kincannon 
John Kelley 
John Robinson 
James Kincannon 
William Edmondson 
Thomas Edmondson 
John Beaty 
George Tutor 
Michael Halfacre 
Stephen Cawood 
James Garvell 
Robert Buchanan, Jr. 
Edward Jamison 
Richard Heggon 
John Lester 

George Clark 
James Molden 
William Blanton 
Christopher Acklin 
James Craig 
Joseph Gamble 
Margaret Edmondson 
John Edmondson 
John Boyd- 
Robert Kirkman 
Martin Pruitt 
Nicholas Brabston 
Andrew Miller 
Alexander McNutt 
William Pruitt 
John McCutcheon 
James Berry 
James Trimble 
William Berry 
Moses Buchanan 
David Carson 
Samuel Buchanan 
William Bates 
William McMillin 
John Kennedy 
Robert Lamb 
Thomas Raferty 
Thomas Baker 
John Groce 
Robert Buchanan 
Thomas Evans 
William Marlor 
Hugh Johnston 
Edward Pharis 
Joseph I^ester 
WMlliam White 
Samuel ^Miite 
WMlliara Lester 
William Pogue 
Samuel Buchanan 
Thomas Montgomery 
Samuel Bell 
John Campbell 



''This is quite a long list of members of only one 
church, and when they came together from both 
congregations, as sometimes they did, they exhib- 
ited a formidable appearance. High up on the 
South Fork there were scattering settlements of 
Baptists, and a large portion of the country for 
twenty miles down from about seven miles of the 
town of Abingdon, almost the whole poi)ulation 
were Germans. Many of them came from Germany 
to Pennsylvania, thence to what forms Shenandoah 
and Rockingham, and from there to ITolston. 
Some came to Plolston direct from Germany. 
Jacob Young, who lived on the land afterwards the 
residence of John Campbell, I think came direct 
from Germany with a large household. He was 
a wealthy man, and lived and ruled his household 
and tenantry like a lord. The other German 
families, as far as I can now call their names to 
mind, were the Fleenors, a large family; the Gob- 
blers, Mungles, Sydars, Huntsuckers, Kaylors, 
Whisenands, Davaults, Funkhousers, Kniceleys, 
Lindamoods, Statyers, Zimerlies, Teetors, Good- 
mans, Shelleys, Munfours, Jinks and Droakes, who 
came to the county some years afterwards. There 
are others, whose names I cannot just now recollect. 

"The rich valley about the salt works was settled 
early by the Crabtrees, McNews, Falbulhs, and 
Cawoods, and lower down, by the McCulloughs, 
Watsons, Dunns, Logans, McKeynolds, and many 
others. Several families began to settle north of 
the Clinch Mountain. Among them, William and 
Reece Bo wen, and in Castle Woods, William Rus- 
sell. All were distinguished men in the Revolu- 
tion. The Gilmores, Carrells and Dickensons, 
settled early in that part of the county; also the 
Brownings, Bickleys, and others, all most resi)ect- 
able people. 

"Of the above long list, how many remained in 
the county? Not one family in twenty, 1 believe. 
IIoKston seemed to be a point from which the rest- 
less settler could survey, in his mind, at least, the 
great and beautiful West, the lands of Kentucky and 


Cumberland, and as soon as each one thought it 
would be safe for his family, he packed up his wife 
and children and put oil for those fascinating coun- 
tries. We have a fine country here, possessing 
some of the highest recommendations, yet it is a 
real pleasure to travel through Tennessee and 
Kentucky, and see the thrift and prosperity of the 
men and their families who went from Jlolslon in 
early times, to those countries. Should you be 
traveling and call at a fine farm house, you might 
almost conclude the original proprietor and ances- 
tor of the family came from Holston, and by a little 
conversation you would soon trace them back to 
old Augusta. Many of the men whose names I 
have mentioned, and others from Old Washington, 
participated in the battle of Point Pleasant, in 
1774, and principally fought the battle of the Long 
Island Flats, in 1776, and also participated in the 
memorable battle of Kings Mountain, distinguish- 
ing themselves in each battle. Yet there are some 
men and historians found who have been endeavor- 
ing to disparage them and throw them out of view 
in each battle. 

"A Subscriber.'' 
(Gov. David Campbell.) 

I have given a sketch of Governor David Campbell, 
and some of his letters and manuscripts, and will now 
give the names of his brothers and sisters and their 

"Eliza, "Catherine, "John and "Arthur Campbell 
died unmarried. "John Campbell, called Colonel John, 
was Secretary of the Treasury during the administra- 
tion of President Martin Van Buren, in 1837. 

"Edward Campbell married Rhoda Trigg. They had 
eight children, namely: "Mary Campbell, who married 
Judge Connally F. Trigg, of Knoxville, Tennessee, and 
they had three children, namely: '^Rachel Trigg, who 
married Rufus McClung, of Knoxville, Tennessee, and 
their children are: ^^Mary (married Dr. George B. 
Johnson, of Richmond, Va.), "Grey (of Texas), "Hugh 
and "Connally McClung; "Rose and "Josephine Trigg 
are unmarried. 

102 HlfiTORICAL 8KJ:rCIIE8. 

"Eliza Campbell, married Charles Gibson, of Abing- 
don, Virginia. 

"Frank Campbell, married Anne Hickman, of Abing- 
don, Virginia. 

"Anne Campbell, married James K. Gibson, of Abing- 
don, Virginia. 

"John A. Campbell, married Mary Branch. lie was 
Colonel of the 48th Virginia Infantry, C. S. A. 

"James C. Campbell, born at "Halls Bottom," Wash- 
ington County, Virginia, in November, 1830; married 
Ellen, daughter of E. D. Kernan, of Lebanon, Virginia, 
in 1853. He was Captain of Company I, 48th Regiment 
of Virginia Volunteers, in C. S. Army, and was pro- 
moted to the rank of Major. He was seriously wounded 
at the Battle of McDowell's, May 8, 1863. He was, after 
the close of the war, for some years Clerk of the County 
Court of his native county, Washington, in Virginia — 
an office which had been filled by his grandfather, Capt. 
^John Campbell, and his uncle, Governor ^*^David Camp- 
bell. Major "James C. Campbell was prominent in the 
affairs of Washington County, and was held in great 
respect. He died April, 1896, and left five children, 
namelv: ^-Rhoda McDonald, ^^Edward Kernan, "Ellen, 
"John A. and "Thomas Campbell. "Khoda McD. is 
unmarried. "Edward K. married Lula Bi'own. He is 
an attorney of Birmingham, Alabama. They have two 
daughters: "Mary and "Jean Campbell. "Ellen 
Campbell married G. H. Berry, of Johnson City, Tenn. 
They have three children: "Edward, "Mary A., and 
"Agnes Berry. "John A. Campbell married Mary 
Robinson, of Asheville, North Carolina. They have 
two children : "John A. and "Mary Campbell. 

"Joseph Campbell married "Mary C. Preston. ■ They 
had four children, namely: "Joseph Gamett (married 
Grace Kennon, of Texas), "Mary, "Robert R. and 
"Elizabeth Campbell are unmarried. 

Dr. "Edward McDonald Campbell, fourth son of 
"Edward Campbell and Rhoda Trigg, his wife, was 
born at "Halls Bottom," the ancestral home, in Wash- 
ington County, Virginia, October 31, 1825. He was 
married in April, 1857, to Ellen Sheffey White, daughter 
of James L. White and Margaret Rhea Preston, his 


wife. She was born May 26,1836. lie lived at Abing- 
don, Virginia, where he practiced his profession for 
many years and attained great eminence as a physician. 
He was a man of strong and positive character and of 
decided talents, who took an active and intelligent in- 
terest in political and social affairs, and was an earnest 
snpporter of educational interests. He was widely and 
favorably known, and his death, which occurred the 11th 
day of June, 1878, called forth universal expressions of 
regret among the people of his native county. He had 
eleven children. His widow and eight children survived 
him. Their names are as follows: "David T., "Marga- 
ret, "Bessie, "Susan, "William, "Preston W., "Mal- 
colm, "Frank, "James, "Josephine and "McDonald 
Campbell. "David T. never married. "Margaret mar- 
ried Col. C. W. Yourmans, of Fairfax, S. C. They have 
three children: "McDonald C, "Margaret P. and 
"Lucile Yourmans. "Bessie C. married H. R. Lenoir, 
of Knoxville, Tenn. Their children are: ^'Ellen W., 
^'Virginia, and "Edward C. Lenoir. "Susan T. mar- 
ried E. E. Handley, of Farmville, Virginia. Their 
children are: "Elizabeth, "Campbell, "Margaret P. 
and "Frances Handley. "William W. married Hallie 
McCracken, of Shreveport, Louisiana. They have one 
child: "Mary E. Campbell. "Preston W. lives at 
Abingdon, Virginia. "Frank married Sally Janett, of 
Bonham, Texas. Their children are: "John I., "Ellen 
F, and "Malcolm McD. Campbell. 

"Mary Campbell married James Cummings, of Ab- 
ingdon, Virginia. Thev had seven children, namely: 
"John C, "Eliza A. M., "Charles L, "David C, 
"Arthur C, "Robert and "Amelia Cummings. 

"John C. Cummings married Kate Lynch, of Abing- 
don, Virginia. They had three children. "Sarah V. 
married Dr. Richardson, of Texas. "Mary I. married 
Mr. Lane, of Texas, and "Rhoda C. married John C. 

"Eliza A. M. Cummings married Robert R. Preston. 
They had ten children. "Mary C. married "Joseph T. 
Campbell. The names of their children are given above. 
"Anne M., unmarried. "Walter S. "John A. 
"Amelia C. married Robert A. Preston, and their chil- 


dren were: ^^Saudy IJ., married liessie Gordon; "L. 
McD. married Kobert F. Preston ; ^^Tliomas W., married 
Florence IJlair; "Margaret, unmarried; "liobert, un- 
married, and "Mary C, unmarried. "James C, 
"Arthur, and "'Campbell Preston died young. 
"Thomas W. Preston married Amelia Shelby, of Mis- 
sissippi. "Lizzie C. Preston married W. H. I^yburn. 

^^Charles Cummings married Eliza Gibson, of Abing- 
don, Virginia. Their children are: "David G., who 
married Lucy Clark, and "J. Campbell, who married 
Sallie White, of Huntsville, Alabama. 

Col. "David C. Cummings married Eliza White, of 
Abingdon, Virginia. Their children are: "James N., 
who married Eliza Preston, of Abingdon, Virginia; 
"Robert P., who married Susan Keller, and their son is 
"Arthur C. Cummings; and "David C, Cummings. 

Col. "Arthur C. Cummings married Eliza Preston. 
Their children are: "Ellen W. and "John M. P. Cum- 

"Robert and "Amelia Cummings died unmarried. 
They lived at the old home, "Halls Bottom," near Ab- 
ingdon, Virginia. Were both very old. 

"James Campbell, the youngest sou of Cai)tain "^John 
Campbell and Elizabeth McDonald, his wife, married 
Musidora Anderson, of Na.shville, Tenn. He was an 
eminent lawyer in his day. He practiced law at Win- 
chester, Tenn., and later removed to Nashville. They 
had four children : 

"Nancy Campbell married I. Downing, of Louisiana, 
and left one son, "Je.sse Downing, of Louisiana. 

"Betty Campbell married James Woods, of Nashville, 
Tenn., and left one son, "James Woods, of Kingston 
Springs, Tenn. He is married and has a daughter, 
"Betty Campbell Woods. A sister of his, "Julia 
Woods, died young. 

"William Patton Anderson Campbell was in the U. S. 
Navy. He resigned and joined the Confederate Navy 
when the war of 1860 began. After the close of the 
war he went to Egypt, and died in the ^rvice of the 
Khedive in Central Africa in 1868. He was unmarried. 

"Caroline Campbell. 

"Arthur Campbell, son of «'' White David" Campbell 


and *Mary Hamilton, his wife, was born in 1743, and 
married May 12, 1773, ^"^Margaret Campbell, boin March 
16, 1753, died December 25, 1813. She was the daughter 
of his first cousin, Capt. ^Charles Campbell. This 
'Arthur Campbell had quite a varied and ad\X'utui"ous 
life. He was taken prisoner by the Indians when only 
sixteen years of age, while with his father on a short 
campaign against them. The hardships which he en- 
dured during the three years' captivity were very 
severe, until he was finally protected by an aged Chief, 
who carried him to Canada and to the old French Fort 
at Detroit. The Jesuit Fathers, who had established 
a mission for the Indians at this fort, were pleased with 
the bright, interesting English boy, and taught him 
while he was there; therefore, upon his escape, and 
recapture by the English Army in 17G0 (which was 
commanded by General Johnson in his campaign 
against the French and Northern Indians), he was 
much better educated than other boys of his age in 
Western Virginia at that time. He afterwards acted 
as pilot to the Colonial Army in the Northwest, and 
served as Lieutenant in the Army on the Western fron- 
tier. His knowledge of the Indian character, language 
and customs was of great value to him as an oflicer in 
the Colonial and Continental Armies. He was a dele- 
gate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of May, 
1776, from Fincastle County ; served in the War of the 
Eevolution as Captain and Colonel, received one thou- 
sand acres of land, which was located in Kentucky, for 
his military services. He was afterwards one of the 
leading men in forming the State Government of Ten- 
nessee, was a man of influence and great learning, a 
cultivated gentleman, "^f courtly manners and bearing, 
though dominant and accustomed to ruling those 
around him. He died August 8, 1811, at his home, the 
present site of Middlesboro, Ky., and was buried there. 
He and his wife, Margaret Campbell, had twelve chil- 
dren, namely: ^"William, "Elizabeth, "John B., 
"Arthur, "Margaret, "Mary, "James, "Charles, 
"David, "Martha, "Anne and "Jane Campbell. 

"William Campbell married Sarah Adams, and had 
two sons, ^^Alexander and "David Campbell. There 
mav have been others. 


^"Elizabeth Campbell married John S. Macfarland 
and left five sons, namely: "William, "James, "Arthur, 
"Walter and "Alexander Macfarland. Her second 
husband was Mr. Patton. 

Col. '°John B. Campbell, of the United States Array, 
was, in 1811, the first Quartermaster General of Ken- 
tucky. Ue married Polly Latham. They had no 
children. He Avas a very distin<;uis;hed, brave officer in 
the war of 1812, and died July 5, 1814, from a wound 
received at the Battle of Chippewa. He was buried in 
Christian County, Kentucky, at his home. 

^"Arthur D. Campbell married Sarah Thompson. He 
was an officer in the war of 1812. They left nine chil- 
dren, namely: "John T., "James M., "Matthew M., 
^^Arthur S., "Eliza, "Sarah, "Andrew I., "Louisa V. 
and "Penelope Campbell. 

^°Margaret Campbell married Isaac Sawyers. They 
had two children. 

^°Mary H. Campbell married William E. Beard. They 
had eleven children, namely: "Anne A. C, "Margaret, 
"Arthur C, "James, "Martha, "John C, "William E., 
"Thomas, "David, "Andrew and "Robert Beard. 
"Anne A. C. Beard married Dr. John W. Campbell. 
They had five children : "Susan N., "Louisa B., "John 
H. C, "Dezire I. C. and "WMlliam Campbell. Col. 
"Arthur C. Beard married Pheriba Moore. He was a 
Colonel in the Confederate Army, and was one of the 
leading men of North Alabama. Born March 18, 1810, 
near Cumberland Gap, now Bell County, Ky. ; died 
January 17, 1877, at Guntersville, Ala. They had eight 
children, namelv: "Caroline M., ^^Mary H., "William 
T., "Jane E., "Arthur H., "Julia A., "James P. and 
"Silas P. Beard. "Caroline M. married Dr. James W. 
Fennell, of Seguine, Texas. They had four children, 
namely: "Mary E. (married Joseph Dibrell), ^'Marga- 
ret (married Stephen M. Ewing), "Florence (married 
Mack Collins) and "Jefferson Fennell. "Mary H. 
Beard married William D. Clack. They had two chil- 
dren : "Mary (married D. Campbell) and "Philip 
Clack (lives in Memphis, Tenn.). "William T. Beard 
married Mary Word, of Colliersville, Tenn. They have 
three children : "Lucy C, "Arthur C. and "Andrew I. 


Beard. ^^Jane N. Beard died young. '^Arthur H. 
Beard married, and lives in Mempliis Tenn. JJe has 
three chuldrcn : ^^Arlhiir, "Abbie and '^Louise Beard. 
^^Julia A. Beard married Judge Thomas A. Street, one 
of the most prominent men of North Alabama, Decem- 
ber 6, 18G5. They lived at Guntersville, Ala., and had 
nine children: "Oliver O., "Jane M., "Arthur B., 
"Thomas A. (of Columbia, Mo.), "Julia, "Mary, 
"Edwin C, "Bebecca and "Ernestine Street. "Oliver 
D. Street, of Guntersville, Ala., U. S. District Attorney 
for North Alabama in 1908, married, February 17, 1892, 
Mary E. Lusk. They had four children : ^*Margaret, 
"Mary Julia, "Oliver D. and "Thomas A. Street. 
"Jane M. Street married Edward F. Whitman, of Boaz, 
Ala. Their children were: "Atkins S., "PMward T., 
"Mary, "Guy E., "Ernestine, "Julia, "James A., 
"Edna May, "Kathleen, "Jane and "Emma Wells 
Whitman. "Julia Street married William Sneed, of 
Boaz, Ala. "Edwin C. Street married Dora Ferguson. 
They have one child : "Catherine Street. "James P. 
Beard married, and lives near Guntersville, Ala. 
^-Silas P. Beard married Elizabeth May. They live at 
Manchester, Ala., and have three children: "William, 
^'Dora and "Margaret Beard. "Andrew M. Beard 
married a Miss Cox. They have one son, "William T. 
Cox Beard. 

^'James Campbell was unmarried. He was a Captain 
in the war of 1812, and was killed at the Battle of New 

"Col. Charles Campbell married Sally Morrison. 
They died, leaving no children. 

^°David H. Campbell married, first, Amelia Pepper, 
and second, Nancy Handy. He was in the war of 1812, 
and had one child: "Margaret Campbell. 

"Martha Campbell married Philo Beeman, of Louis 
ville, Ky. They had four children : "John, "James, 
^^Araelia and "Mary Beeman. 

^°Anne Campbell married Wm. Owen. They left two 
children, who lived in Louisville, Ky. 

^'*Jane Campbell married Andrew Campbell, from 
Ireland. He may have been related to her father. They 
left four children, namely: "Arthur Campbell, born 


January 19, 1812; mamed Virginia Young; died April 
22, 1851. They had one son: ^-William Campbell, of 
Columbus, Miss., who married his cousin, Alicia Camp- 
bell, and ^^Elizabeth Campbell, his sister, who died un- 
married. "Jane Campbell, died unmai-ried in 1859. 
"Elizabeth H. Campbell; born 3816; died 1864; mar- 
ried Thomas G. Moore. "Margaret CaT)ipbell ; born 
March 0, 1814; married John Marshall, a celebrated 
lawyer of Franklin, Tenn. They had three children: 
"Jane, "John, and "William Marshall. "Jane Mar- 
shall married T. P. F. Allison, an officer in the Confed- 
erate Army. They had two daughters : "Louise Allison, 
married James Lipscomb, of Nashville, Tenn. They 
have five children : "Allison, "Eebecca, "James, "Mar- 
garet and "Marshall Lipscomb. "Margaret Allison 
married W. K. Penniman, of Asheville, N. C. They 
have three children. "John Marshall was an officer in 
the Confederate Army. He married Ellen McClung. 
They had two children: "Eliza Marshall, who married 
Francis M. Ewing. They have two sons: "Marshall 
and "Andrew Ewing. "Johnnie Marshall, who married 
"I^muel Russell Campbell, a distant cousin. They 
have three sons: "William B., "Matthew McClung and 
"Jiussell. Two daughters: "Ellen and "Elizabeth, 
died in infancy. "William Marshall (called "Judge") 
was in the Confederate Armv. He never married, and 
died in 1905. 

* James Campbell, bom in 1744, never married. 

^William Campbell, born in 1746, never married. 

^Margaret Campbell, daughter of "White" David 
Campbell, and Mary Hamilton, his wife, was born in 
Augusta County, Virginia, March 31, 1748. She was 
married, in 1774, to *David Campbell, a cousin. He 
was born in Augusta County, Virginia, in 1753. Their 
mothers, Mary Hamilton and Jane Cunnyngham, were 
half-sisters, and their fathers, "White" David Campbell 
and "Black" David Campbell, were distantly related. 
They moved from Washington County, Virginia, in 
1786, to Tennessee, twelve miles from Knoxville, where 
Captain Campbell first erected a block-house, and after- 
wards a station, which was called Campbell's Station. 
This name was retained for one hundred and ten years, 


then c'lianged by those who have no respect for historical 
names or places, the postoflice given up, and the name 
given to another place in Middle Tennessee, near Nash- 
ville, Captain Campbell's wife, Margaret Campbell, 
was a most intelligent, mild and placid woman, always 
thoughtful and calm, and prepared for every emergency. 
So conspicuous were these traits in her character that, 
when any difliculty occurred or alarm was given, she 
was immediately looked to and consulted, not only by 
the women of the station and neighborhood, but the 
men relied upon her judgment about everything con- 
nected with their frontier life. She was a most suit- 
able, congenial companion for her patriotic, courageous 
soldier husband. She died July 25, 1799, at Campbell's 
Station, East Tennessee, the home of her husband, and 
was buried in the Presbyterian graveyard at that place. 
They had eight children. The four who died in early 
youth were: "William, "Elizabeth, "Samuel and 
"Arthur. The others were: "Jane, "John, "Mary 
and "David. 

"Jane Campbell, the eldest, married Col. Charles 
Wright, of the United States Regular Army. They had 
no children. 

"John Campbell, born in 1777, married, first, a Miss 
Gushing, of Boston, Mass., then Emeline Cowen. He 
was a Colonel in the war of 1812, and was afterwards 
in the U. S. Regular Army. He died in Arkansas in 
1859, leaving no children. 

"Mary Hamilton Campbell, born February 22, 1783, 
married. May 15, 1800, her cousin, "David Campbell, 
of Abingdon, Virginia, whose history has already been 
given. They both died in 1859, he aged eighty years, 
and she seventy-six. He was Colonel in the war of 1812, 
and afterwards Governor of Virginia. They had no 

"David Campbell, son of *David and "Margaret 
Campbell, was born March 4, 1781. He was a most 
estimable man, and commanded the respect of all who 
knew him. In January, 180G, in Sunmer County, 
Tenn., he was married to Catherine Bowen, born March 
17, 1785. She was the daughter of Capt. William 
Bowen, an officer in the Colonial and Revolutiouary 


Wars, and granddaughter of Gen. William Knssell, who 
was also a brave patriot and statesman in ''those times 
that tried men's souls." He served throughout the 
French and Indian Wars, was a Captain, Colonel, and 
Brigadier General in the Continental Army of Virginia, 
and for nine years was consecutively in the service of 
his country in the army. 

^°David and Catherine Bowen Campbell had six chil- 
dren : ^^WJlliam B., ^^John, ^^Mary, "Margaret, "Vir- 
ginia and "David Campbell. ^°David Campbell died 
June 18, 1841. His wife, Catherine Bowen, died March 
19, 1868, at the old family residence, near Ivebanon, 
Tenn., aged eighty-three years. 

Their eldest son, "William Bowen Campbell> was 
born in Sumner County, Tennessee, about twelve miles 
from Nashville, February 1, 1807. He attended the best 
schools that the country afforded at that time. He 
was sent to college in Virginia. He was a student at 
the celebrated law school at Winchester, Virginia, where 
he was associated with and made life-long friends of 
many who afterwards became the great men of the 
nation. He began the practice of law at Carthage, 
Tenn., and was soon appointed Attorney-General of his 
district. He was elected to the State Senate in 1834. 
On the 10th of September, 1835, he was married to 
Frances Isabella Owen, born February 5, 1818, near 
Carthage, Tenn., daughter of Dr. John Owen and Mary 
Amis Goodwin, his wife. 

"William B. Campbell became prominent in his State 
when comparatively a young man. He was Captain of 
a company in Col. William Trousdale's regiment in the 
Seminole Indian War in Florida in 1836. Was six 
years in the United States Congress, Colonel of the 1st 
Tennessee Regiment in the Mexican War of 1846, served 
with great bravery and noted distinction, and was 
highly complimented by his commanding Generals, 
Scott and Taylor, after the battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista. He was Judge of his district after the 
close of this war, and Governor of his State in 1851. 
He was a true statesman and patriot, after the type of 
Washington, whom he was taught to honor and revere 
from his infancy by his intensely patriotic mother, who 



was a daughter and granddaughter of officers of Wash- 
ington's Army. 

"WiJliam B. Campbell descended from a line of 
patriots of Colonial and Continental periods. He 
finished his education, which was solid and liberal, 
under the direction of his uncle. Governor David 
Campbell, of Abingdon, Virginia, with whom he 
studied law, and later went to the then noted law 
school which was controlled bj Henry St. George 
Tucker, at Winchester, Virginia. He returned to 
Tennessee in 1829, was elected Attorney-General of 
his district, around Carthage, Tennes.see. In 1S36 
he resigned, and was elected to the Legislature. 
Later, as Captain of a company in Colonel Trous- 
dale's regiment in the Florida War, he won honor 
and distinction. In 1838 he defeated the Demo- 
cratic candidate for Congress, and again in 1S39. 
He fought with great gallantry through the Mex- 
ican War of 1845 as Colonel of the 1st Tennessee 
Kegiment, whose desperate bravery won for them 
the sobriquet of the 'Bloody First.' Campbell 
himself led the charge at storming the fort at the 
battle of Monterey, September 21, 1846, and his 
troops hoisted the first American flag on the walls 
of this Mexican city. This was, i)erhaps, the most 
brilliant feat of arms accomplished during that 
war. The form of Campbell's command to charge 
was, 'Boys, follow me.' This became an historic 
expression, and was the favorite battle-cry of the 
Whig party during the campaign that elected him 
Governor of Tennessee. In 1848 he was elected 
Circuit Judge by the Legislature, and in 1851 he 
was nominated by acclamation for Governor by the 
Whigs, and elected." — From the Pennsylvania 

Frances Owen Campbell, his wife, was a refined, cul- 
tured woman of great intelligence; she died March 22, 
1SG4, and her husband died August 19, 18(j7, at "Camp- 
bell," their country home near Ixibanon, Tenn., leaving 
seven children, three having died before their parents, 


in early youth. Their childi-en were: "Mary O., 
"Margaret H., "William H., "Frances A., "Joseph A., 
"J. Owen and "Lemuel H. Campbell. "Mary Owen 
Campbell married D. C. Kelley, January, 1869. She 
died November 14, 1800. They had four children: 
"Lavinia died at eleven 3'ears of age; ^^\Yilliam C. died 
at twenty-seven years of age, in February, ISOS, in 
Alaska, unmaiiied; David C. n)arried Jane Cowen ; 
they have a daughter, Mary O. C. Kelley, and a son, 
"D. C. Kelley, Jr. ; "Owen C. Kelley died November 5, 
1904, at Hendersonville, Tenn., the home of his brother. 
"Margaret Hamilton Campbell married James Stuart 
Pilcher. He is a practicing lawyer at Na.shville, 
Tenn. They have three children : "Frances Owen, 
"Stuart Carothers, who married Martha Douglas 
in 1909, and "W. B. Campbell Pilcher, who mar- 
ried Loretta Taylor in 1907. "William B. Camp- 
bell. Jr., a most promising and brilliant young man, 
died at the age of twenty-two. "Fanny A. Campbell 
married J. Willis Bonner, a lawyer of Nashville, Tenn. 
She died February 14, 1900. They had five chil- 
dren (two of their children died 3'oung: "Willis 
and "Russell). "Dr. Campbell Bonner is Professor 
of Greek at the University of Michigan at Ann 
Arbor. He married Ethel Howell. They have 
two daughters: ^*Frances C. and "Sue Grundy Bon- 
ner. "Moses H. Bonner married Georgiana McNair. 
They live in Houston, Texas (1910). The other child is 
"Mary C. Bonner. "Joseph A. Campbell married Alice 
Hall. They live at the old family home, "Campbell," 
near Lebanon. Tenn. They have three children : "Fran- 
ces (married Frank Garden, of Chattanooga, Tenn., and 
has one child: "Alice H.), "Mary and "Jessie Bonner 
Campbell. "Dr. J. Owen Campbell married Susie 
Towson. They live near Lebanon, Tenn., and have two 
children : "Martha and "Margaret Campbell. "Lemuel 
Bussell Campbell, a lawyer of Nashville, Tenn., married 
a distant cousin, Johnnie Marshall. They have had five 
children: "William B., "Matthew McC, "F. Bu.ssell, 
"Ellen (died young) and "Elizabeth (died young). 

"John H. Campbell, born in 1808, died in 1890, was 
never married. He served in the Confederate Armv. 

Mary and Margaret Campbell. 

Daughters of Gov. Wm. B. Campbell. 


"Mary H. -R. Campbell married E. P. Scales. Tbey 
had five childreu : ^^David, ^^Catherine, '-Jemima, 
^-Margaret and '-IClsworth Scales, '-David Scales 
married, first, Mary C. White, who died in a few months 
after her marriage. He then married Grace Jlillman. 
They have three children: '^Anne, "Elsworth and 
"Hillman Scales, of Nashville, Teun. '^Qatherine B. 
Scales married Di". Hal Manson. She died, leaving no 
children. She was a lovely woman, highly educated, 
and a person of remarkable intellectual ability. 
^-Jemima G. Scales married Archibald Hughes. They 
had five children : '^Elsworth, '^Dillard, '^Bowen, 
^^Margaiet, and '"'David Hughes. ^"'Margaret Hughes 
married Mr. Johnson, of Bernice, La. '-Margaret A. 
Scales married a Methodist minister, Mr. I. Keathley. 
'^Elsworth P. Scales, Jr., married, first, Nadine Camp, 
then ^f{\ry . He has no children. 

"Margaret H. Campbell never married, but devoted 
her life to her venerable mother. She was a noble 
Christian woman. She died in 1880, at Lebanon, Tcnn. 

"Virginia T. Campbell was adopted when quite young 
by her uncle. Governor David Campbell and his wife, 
who had no children. They lived at Montcalm, near 
Abingdon, Va. She was married to Rev. William 
Shelton, at the home of her mother, "Campbell," near 
Lebanon, Tenn., Julj', 1849. They had seven children: 
'^David, died at twenty-two years of age; '^Mary, died 
in infancy; '-James, married Lavinia Jones. They 
lived at Brownsville, Tenn. They had no children. 
'-Bev. William Shelton married Hattie Bass. They 
have one son : '"Dr. Albert Shelton, of Kansas City, Mo. 
'^Nanny M. Shelton married, first, William Saufiey, of 
California. They had three children: '^Shelton, 
"Robert and '^Cliarles Saufley. '"Shelton married 
Cloe Smith Banglcman, and has one son : '^Shelton 
Marshall Saufley, Jr. '-Nanny M. Shelton married, 
second, Mr. McClary, of Stanford, Ky. '-Catherine B. 
Shelton married John Richeson, of East St. Louis. She 
died, leaving three children : "Virginia, '^Mary and 

"John Richeson. '^Henry Shelton married , 

and has thi-ee children: '">Targaret, "Milton and 
'^ Shelton. 

114 nrsToniCAL sketches. 

"David H. R. Canii)holl married Lucy Goodall. They 
lived at Carthage, Tenn., and had ten children : ^^David, 
married Etta Peyton. lie died, leaving two children 
in Texas. ''Isaac, married Catherine Crutcher. They 
have three children : "Lucy, '"Bertha and '"Catherine 
Campbell. "Lucy married Paul Kern, and has one 
son : '^Campbell Kern. '"Bertha married Judson Mc- 
Lester, and has two childi-en : 'Mudson, Jr., and '^Cath- 
erine McI>eRter. '-William B. Campbell, married 
Eulalie Findley. After her death, he married Lena 
Neely. He has three children: "Findley, '"Hamilton 
and "James Marshall Campbell. '^John O. Campbell 
and his wife, Katie Findley, have five children : '"Lula, 
'"Morton, '"David, "Eulalia and '"Spiller Campbell. 
'"Lula married Mr. Findley, of Virginia. '^Catherine B. 
Campbell, married William Moore. They have four 
children: '"VYilliam, '"John, '"Julius and '"Russell 
Moore. They live in Texas. '^Dr. Walter Campbell, 
married Miss White. He died, leaving three children, 
living near I>ebanon, Tenn., namely: '"Crutcher, 
'"Annie and '"Walter Campbell. '^'Hattie G. Campbell, 
married Wirt I>ee, a lawyer of Carthage, Tenn. They 
have three children : '"Harry, "David and '"Frank Lee. 
^^Arthur Campbell, married Anne Jones, and lives in 
Nashville. He has one son : "Edwin R. Campbell. 
'^Frank, '^Margaret and '^Lucy Campbell died young. 

I will now continue the history of the children of 
"White" David Campbell and his wife, Mary Hamilton. 
It will be remembered that they had thirteen children. 
I have given an account of eight of them, and will now 
take the one just younger than ^Margaret, who married 
*David Campbell. 

®David Campbell was born in 1750, and was educated 
for the bar. He practiced law for awhile in Washing- 
ton County, Virginia, and then removed to that part of 
the country which is now Tennessee. He married 
before leaving Virginia, Elizabeth Outlaw. He was 
the first Federal Judge of the Territory in which he 
lived, and was a leading spirit in the organization of 
the State government, also assisted in framing the Con- 
stitution of Tennessee. He was one of the two first 
Supreme Judges of the State after its admission to the 


Union, and held this oflSce for many years. See Ram- 
sey's "Annals of Tennessee," and "Kings Mountain and 
Its Heroes," by Draper. In 1776 he joined the Conti- 
nental Army, rose to the office of Major in General 
Nathaniel Green's Division, served for several years. 
After having served on the Supreme Bench of Tennessee, 
he was appointed Federal Judge of the Territory which 
is now the State of Alabama. He lived only a short 
time after this appointment. In 1812, aged .sixty-two 
yeai-s, his death occurred, before he had removed his 
family to the Territory. He and his wife had eleven 
children, as follows: 

^"Alexander Campbell never married. He died while 
in the United States Army. 

^"Penelope Campbell married Dr. Thomas Van Dyke. 
They had four children: '^Nixon, ^'Jefferson, "Mary 
and '4i:iiza Van Dyke. 

I will here insert a short sketch of one branch of the 
American Van Dykes, compiled by the late Judge Nixon 
Van Dyke, of Tennessee. 

Three Van Dyke brothers emigrated from Holland 
and settled at New Amsterdam, now New York City. 
One of the brothers moved up the Hudson River on the 
New York side, and settled thei"e; another brother 
crossed the Hudson River and settled in what is now the 
State of New Jersey; the other brother settled in the 
State of Delaware, which was at that time a colony of 

In 1845 Judge Nixon Van Dyke, of Tennessee, son of 
Dr. Thomas and Penelope Campbell Van Dyke, visited 
Delaware, at Newcastle. There he met the Hon. John 
John, then Chancellor and ea- officio Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court of Delaware, whose wife was a Miss 
Van Dyke. He then had in his possession two large 
folio Bibles, printed in the German language, one pub- 
lished in 1701, the other in 1710. The one published in 
1701 had the genealogy of the Johns family for several 
generations back ; the other had the genealogy of the 
Van Dyke family, who dei?cended from the brother who 
had settled in Delaware. Three or four of the first 
names in regular succession were written in German, 
and spelled Van Dyck, afterwards from Thomas Van 


Dyke down the names were spelled Van Dyke, and 
written in English. 

Thomas Kixon, of Passey, near Dover, Delaware, had 
seven children : Nicholas, Charles, Thomas, Leticia, 
Eliza, Kachel and Anne Xixon. Thomas Van Dyke 
married Leticia Nixon, daughter of the above-named 
Thomas Nixon, he being her second husband. Her first 
was Jdhn Kogorson, a jtlanter in the Island of Jamaica, 
by wliom she had one daughter, Fidelia Ivogerson, who 
married William Montgomery, a lawyer of Lancaster, 

Thomas Van Dyke and bis wife, Leticia Nixon, had 
one son, Thomas J. Van Dyke. After the death of her 
second husband, Thomas Van Dyke, Leticia Nixon Van 
Dyke married a third time, John Coakley. By him 
she had one daughter, Leticia Nixon Coakley, who 
married ]^ichard Smith, a lawyer of Huntingdon, Pa. 
Mr.s. Leticia Nixon Rogerson-VanDyke-Coakley died in 
Lancaster, Pa., in 1S19. 

Thomas J. Van Dyke finished his school course, then 
studied medicine with his uncle, Daniel Robinson, in 
Baltimore, Md., and at the early age of nineteen he 
entered the United States Army as Ensign. He was 
soon promoted to a Captain, and sometime between the 
years of 1700 and ISOO, he, with his company, were sta- 
tioned, tirst, at a fort called Tellico Block House, on 
Little Tenues.see River, near the mouth of Tellico River; 
afterwards he and his company were moved to a fort 
called Belle-Canton, on Holston River, about two miles 
above the mouth of the Little Tennessee River. It was 
while stationed hei'e that Thomas J. Van Dyke became 
acquainted with and married Penelope Campbell, the 
eldest child of the Hon. David Campbell, one of the 
Judges of the Superior Court of Tennessee. He was 
afterwards Judge of the United States Court for the 
Territory of Mississippi, then holding its session at 
Huntsville, now in the State of Alabama. 

Penelope Campbell was just fifteen years of age when 
she was married to Thomas J. Van Dyke. The children 
of this couple were : Alexander 0. Van Dyke, born 1799; 
Jefferson C., born 1801 ; Thomas Nixon, born January 
16, 1803; Mary H., born 1805; Eliza R., born 1807. 


Judge David Campbell .sold his farm to William Le 
Noir, whose descendants still own it, near what is now 
Le Noir's Station, Tennessee. 

Tn 1811 Thomas J. Van Dyke resigned his commission 
in the Array of the United States and went to the town 
of Washington, in T\hea County, Tennessee, and engaged 
in the practice of medicine. Upon the breaking out of 
the war of 1812 between the United States and Great 
Britain, he was appointed surgeon in the U. S. Army, 
and served in two campaigns in the South under Gen. 
Daugherty against the Indians — one in 1813, the other 
in 1814. During the latter 3'ear he died at Fort Clai- 
borne, at a place called Alabama Heights, on the Ala- 
bama River. The names of the children of Dr. Thomas 
J. Van Dyke and his wife, Penelope Campbell, have 
been given above. Alexander Van Dyke died in the 
U. S. Army unmarried. Jefferson C. Van Dyke married 
a Miss Cocke, of Virginia. They lived in Tuscaloosa, 
Alabama. Their children were: A daughter, who mar- 
ried Dr. Pegram, of Dayton, Alabama; Caroline Van 
Dyke, who married Capt. James Ford, of Selma, Ala. 
Thomas Nixon Van Dyke married Anne Eliza Deadrick, 
daughter of Dr. W^m. H. Deadrick and Peneloi)e Hamil- 
ton, his wife. She was a daughter of Col. Joseph Ham- 
ilton and his wife, Penelope Outlaw, sister of Judge 
David Campbell's wife, Elizabeth Outlaw. They were 
daughters of Col. Alexander Outlaw. Judge Thomas 
Nixon Van Dyke and his wife, Anne Eliza Deadrick, 
had ten children, as follows : Penelope Van Dyke, mar- 
ried Thomas H. Cleage, of Athens, Tenn.; William D. 
Van Dyke, married Anna M. Deadrick, daughter of 
Judge James M. Deadrick, of the Tennessee Supreme 
Court; I^ticia Van Dyke died in youth; Richard S. 
Van Dyke was killed in the Confederate Army; John M. 
Van Dyke was killed at the battle of Darksville, Va., in 
the Confederate Army; Frances L. Van Dyke never 
married; John M. Van Dyke died young; Margaret J. 
Van Dyke married Hugh Inman, of Atlanta, Ga., and 
they have two children, namely: Anne Inman (married 
John D. Grant, of Atlanta, and has two children) and 
Josephine Inman; Mary 11. Van Dyke and Robert D. 
Van Dyke. 


The other children of ^'David Campbell and his wife, 
Elizabeth Outlaw, were: 

'^Polly, nian-ied Mr. Beck. 

"^, married Mr. 1). Humphries. 

'"Dolly, married Matthew McClelland. 

'Mefl'erson, mai-ried Sarah Bearden. 

'"Victor Moreau, married Penelope Deadrick. 

'"Caroline, never married. 

"*Iveticia, married Rev. Joseph Sloss, of Alabama. 
Their son was Col. "James Sloss, of Birmingham, Ala, 

"^Harriet, mai-ried Dr. C'arlyle Humphries. 

"^Margaret, married John Kogers, of Kogersville, 

"Sarah Campbell, daughter of "White" 'David Camp- 
bell and Mary Hamilton, his wife, was born in 1752. 
She married Zeb Howard, and died in 1802, leaving no 

For Col. "Robert CampbelTs Colonial and Continental 
services, see "Kings Mountain and Its Heroes," page 

Col. ^Robert Campbell was born in 1755. He was one 
of the most active leaders of the ^^'hig party in Western 
Virginia, during the Revolution of 1770, and was dis- 
tinguished for his enterprise and great courage. He 
enlisted in the Colonial Army when only nineteen yeai^s 
of age, to light the Indians; was wounded at the battle 
of Point Pleasant, in 1774 ; served with bravery in the 
Continental Army, and was at the battle of Kings 
Mountain and other engagements while the war con- 
tinued. He kept a journal of his life while in the aiiny. 
In 1783 he married Rebecca McDonald, a sister of the 
wife of his brother, Captain ^John Campbell. They had 
six children, as follows: '"^Mary, '"^David, ^"Elizabeth, 
'"Martha, '"Edward and '"Rol)ert Campbell. 

'"Mary Campbell married Robert Cumming.s, of Ab- 
ingdon, Virginia. They had eight children, namely: 
"Eliza, "Campbell, "David, "Mary, "Charles. "John, 
"Sarah and "James Cummings. "Eliza Cummings 
married James P. Strother. They had eight children, 
namely : '-Robert C, married Miss Baker, of Louisiana; 
'^James, died unmarried; '-William T., died unmarried; 
'-Mary C, married S. P. Moore, of Louisiana; '-Mar- 


garet, married Mr. Brown, of Louisiana; ^^Addie, 
married William Tlutclieiison, of Louiwiana; ^^Virginia, 
married Thomas Graham, of Louisiana, and ^-Eliza, died 
unmarried. ^'Campbell Cummings married Sally 
Pickett, of Ixmisiana; no issue. Col. ^^David Cum- 
mings manied Anne A. Preston, of Abingdon, Virginia. 
Their (.hildren were as follows: '-Carter, mai'ried and 
lives in Louisiana; '-Mary, '-Faiiman P., '-Sally P. and 
'-David 11. Cunmiings, all unmarried. "Mary Cum- 
mings married William Trigg. "John Cummings 
married Mrs. Logan. 

"'David Campbell, sou of Col. "Robert Campbell, mar- 
ried, first, Sarah Cowen, second, Sarah Greenway. 

'"Elizabeth Campbell married Alexander Sneed, of 
Danville, Kentucky. They had four children: "Sarah 
Sneed, married George ]\L A'est, United States Senator, 

of Sedalia, ^fissouri; they had a daughter, '- 

Vest, who married G. P. B. Jackson, of St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, aud two sons, '-'George Vefit and '- Vest, 

of ^fissouri. "Alexander Sneed married, and had a 
daughter, '-Margaret, who nuirried aud lives in Sedalia, 
Mis.<5ouri. He also had a son, name not known. The 
other two children were "John and "Pobert Sneed, of 

^•^Martlia Campbell married Dr. Paxton, being his 
second wife. 

^"Robert Campbell married Frances Ewell. 

"Edward Campbell married and lives in Texas. 
Their descendants are not known. 

'Patrick Campbell, born in 175S, youngest son of 
''White" ^David Campbell, married >Lartha Long. The 
later years of their lives were sj)ent in Williamson 
County, Tennessee, where they died. I have no record 
of their descendants. 

An Obituary Notice of Coloxkl Robert C.\mpbell, a 
Brother ok Margaret C, Wife of David Campbell, 
OF Campbeli/s Station, East Tennessee, Taken 
from The American Annual Register for 1831-2. 

"Died, January, l^.'^'J, near Knoxville, Tennes.see, 
Colonel Robert Campbell, aged seventy-seven years. 


He was oue of the most active leaders of the Whig 
party in Western Virginia during the Revolution, 
and was always distinguished for enterprising 
courage. In a battle with the Cherokee Indians, in 
177G, when only nineteen years of age, he was at 
one time so far in advance of his comrades as to 
be mistaken for an Indian, and occasionally fired 
at. Here two bold warriors almost simultaneously 
rushed upon him. The first, having shot at him, 
was in the act of elevating his tomahawk, when he 
received a mortal wound from another direction. 
The second also discharged his piece, without effect, 
although they were not more than twenty paces 
apart. While Colonel C. was in the act of taking 
aim, the savage hero folded his arms and met his 
fate with a dignity and firmness worthy of the 
brightest days of chivalry. Just at this critical 
period, almost within the enemy's lines, discovering 
that they were about to surround the white men, 
he gave the alarm in time to counteract the move- 
ment, and throughout the whole engagement his 
youth and daring attracted the attention of his 
fellow soldiers. 

'Tie was one of the volunteers under the com- 
mand of Colonel Christian, who invaded the Chero- 
kee country in October, 1776. In 1780 he dis- 
tinguished himself on the memorable 7th of October 
at the Battle of Kings Mountain. Again, in De- 
cember, 1780, he was in a third expedition against 
tlie Cherokees (Col. Arthur Campbell, his brother, 
commanding), was dispatched at his o-wn request, 
with sixty men to destroy Chilhowee. 

"After having accomplished their object, they 
immediately commanded a retrograde movement, 
and after proceeding several miles, they came to a 
narrow defile, three hundred yards long, and 
guarded by a line of two or three hundred Indians. 
Without a pause, and with that deliberate spirit 
that had shown so brightly at Kings Mountain, 
Campl)ell, at the head of his detachment, ordered 
them to sit erect and charge tjirough the defile in 
single file; thus effecting this perilous passage in 


the midst of a volley of fire, they reached the en- 
canipinent at Hiwassee, without losing a man. 
"lie served the County of Washington, in Vir- 
ginia, for nearly forty years, as a Magistrate — a 
respectable and highly responsible office. In 1825 
he emigrated to the vicinity of Knoxville." 

^Anne Campbell, youngest child of ^David and ^Mary 
Hamilton CampLKill, born in 1759, married Judge and 
Governor Archibald Eoan, a prominent man in the 
early history of Tennessee, one of the first Supreme 
Judges appointed after the admission of the State into 
the Union, and Governor of the State from 1801 to 1804. 
He vras a gentleman of finished education, a leading 
man and honorable citizen of the State of Tennessee. 
The children ofGov. Archibald Roan and his wife, ''Anne 
Campbell, were nine in number, namely: "Dr. James 
Eoan, who married Nancy Irby; they had four chil- 
dren: ^'Christiana Eoan (married William Masterson, 
a merchant of Nashville, Tenn. ; they moved to Texas, 
about 1840, and had four children : Judge ^^James 
Masterson, of Houston, Texas, who has children ; ^^Will- 
iam Masterson, of Galveston, Texas; the other two, 
names not knowTi) ; ^^ James, ^^Archibald and "Laura 
Roan also went to Texas to live; their descendants are 
not known. "David and "Margaret Eoan died young. 
"Margaret was said to have been a beautiful girl. 
"William and "Mary Eoan were twins. "Mary mar- 
ried a Mr. Hackney. "Anne Eoan married Eandal 

Eamsey. They had a daughter, " Eamsey, who 

married a Mr. Correy, of Georgia. "Andrew Eoan 
married, and lives in Mississippi. He has a son, Judge 
"William Eoan, of Oxford, Miss. "Archibald Eoan 
married and lived in Mississippi. One son. Judge 
^^Archibald Eoan^is now living in Grenada, Miss. 


Eev. ^John Eoany-was born in 1717, in Greenshaw, 
Ireland, and he, with his brother, ^\ndrew, came to the 
English Colonies in 'America in 1736. They settled in 


Laiuastor County, rennsylvania, then called Donegal 
and Derrj. 'Andrew Roan married Margaret Walker. 
He died in 17G8, leaving his wife with four children: 
^Archibald, -Margaret, -William and -Sarah Roan. 
The wife did not long survive her husband, and the 
brother, the Rev. 'John Roan, became the guardian of 
the four young children. 

The following is copied from the historical archives 
of Dauphin County, Pennsylvania: 

"Archibald Roan, the son of Andrew Roan and 
Margaret Walker, was a native of Derry Township, 
Lancaster County (now Dauphin County), Penn- 
sylvania, where he was born about 17G0. His father 
dying about 1768, he was placed in care of his 
uncle, the Rev. John Roan. In the will of the 
latter, this mention is made: 'I allow to my 
nephew, Archibald Roan (in case the above persons, 
the Rev. George Duffield, and my executors appre- 
hend him religiously disposed), twenty pounds 
■ towards his college expenses.' He studied law and 
removed to Tennessee, where he obtained a license 
to practice that profession ; he was shortly after- 
wards appointed District Attorney General ; and 
in 1706 was honored with the position of Judge of 
the Supreme Court of Tennessee. From 1801 to 
1804 he was Governor of that State, and after- 
wards held a number of prominent ot!ices. He 
was a gentleman of education, a leading jurist, and 
an honored citizen of the State of his adoption. 
Tennessee gave his name to one of her counties." 

The writer has a letter written by Governor Roan 
April 1, 171)7, from Jonesboro, Tennessee, to his cousin 
Flavel Roan, of Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. 

The Rev. 'John Roan, of Lancaster County, Pennsyl 
vania, had charge of Neshamiuy Academy after Mr 
Tennant left it. -Archibald Roan, his nephew, left 
Pennsylvania and settled first at Liberty Hall, Rock 
bridge County, Virginia. Later he removed to Ten 


William Campbell and the Battle of Kings 

wril-ren by mrs. fanny campbell bonner, of nash- 
ville, tennessee, and published in tue 
centennial issue of the nashville 
ameiucan, may 1. 1s{)7. 

"Few Tennesseans reali/.e how closely connected with 
their own family history is the history of the Battle of 
Kings Mountain. Thousands of men and women within 
the limits of this State are the lineal descendants of the 
men who fought the battle that was the turning point 
of the American Jievolution. It behooves us, as Ten- 
nesseans, to see that history does full justice to the men 
who left their homes and families at the mercy of the 
savage foe, to drive from our shores the enemy that was 
endeavoring to dejjrive them of the liberty to gain which 
they had already endured so much. We must go back 
over a hundred years, when this country was almost an 
impenetrable forest, visited only by marauding bands 
of Indians, and hords of wild animals. 

"It was to such a country on the confines of civiliza- 
tion that a few brave young men brought families. 
In 17G7 a young man of twenty-two 3'ears, accompanied 
by his widowed mother and four young sisters, came to 
the frontier of the Holston and settled in what is now 
Washington County, Virginia. This young man was 
William Campbell, who afterwards became the hero of 
Kings Mountain. The Campbell family was originally 
from Inverary, Argyleshire, Scotland. To enjoy liberty 
of conscience they had emigrated to Ireland early in 
1600. In 1726 John Campbell, with a family of six or 
eight children, came to America and settled in Lancas- 
ter County, Pennsylvania. In 1730 he, with his family, 
moved to what is now Augusta County, Virginia. His 
oldest son, Patrick, was married in Ireland, and 
Charles, the eldest son of Patrick, was born there. 
Charles was married when very young to Sarah Buch- 
anan. From this union sprang William Campbell, who 
was born in 1745. Charles Campbell was a pioneer of 


the Augusta Valley, and was engaged at an early day 
in western explorations. He accompanied Dr. Thomas 
Walker, in April, 1740, on an exploring expedition, 
when he discovered the Cumberland Gap and river of 
that name. It was while on this trip that he located 
a fine tract of land on the North Fork of the Holston, 
for which he obtained a grant in ITHO for services ren- 
dered in the Colonial Wars. Very valuable salt 
marshes were afterwards discovered on this laud. Wil- 
liam Campbell removed to this tract with his mother 
and sisters after the death of his father, in 1767. In 
1773 he was made Justice of the County, and the follow- 
ing year was commissioned Captain of the Militia. 
Although an only son, and inheriting considerable prop- 
erty, he devoted himself to the care of his mother and 
sisters, and to the cultivation of his plantation, lie 
had a quiet, uneventful life until the breaking out of 
the war with the Indians, in 1774, when he raised a 
company and joined Col. Christian's regiment. It was 
during this year's service in Eastern Virginia that he 
acquired that military skill and experience that proved 
of such value to him in his subsequent career. It was 
also during this j-ear that he met and shortly afterwards 
married Elizabeth Henry, a sister of the famous Patrick 
Henry. In one of his letters yet preserved by his de- 
scendants, he 'dates all his bliss from the hour he first 
beheld her lovely face.' He was tenderly devoted to her 
throughout his life. 

''The Cherokee Indians, instigated by the British 
emissaries, began to give serious trouble all along the 
border. Wlien Campbell heard of this, both he and 
Col. Christian resigned from the regular Colonial Army 
of Virginia and returned to the western frontier to aid 
in protecting the defenseless settlers. He was commis- 
sioned Lieutenant Colonel of the Militia of Washington 
County, Virginia. In April, 1780, he was promoted to 
the full rank of Colonel on the resignation of Evan 
Shelby, Sr. 

"He served a term in theVirginia House of Delegates, 
was a member of the Constitutional Convention of May, 
1776. He obtained a leave of absence to engage in an 
expedition against the Chickamauga Indians. Gov- 


erenor Jefferson aiilhorized him to raise 250 militia 
from Washington and ^Montgomery Counties to join the 
forces from the Carolinas. In the summer of 1780 
there \\as a general Tory uprising, which extended 
throughout the Holston and Watauga settlements. 
Col. Campbell's life was frequently threatened. Gen. 
Ferguson, who was in conunand of the Tory forces, was 
encamped at Gilbert Town, near the southei'u border of 
North Carolina. He paroled a pi-isoner named Samuel 
Phillips, and sent him with a message to the otljcer on 
the western waters of the Uolstou, Watauga, and Nola- 
chucky, tliat if they did not desist from their opposition 
to the British arms, he would march his army over the 
mountains, hang their leaders, and lay waste to their 
country with fire and sword. This threat was more 
than tiiese hardy frontiersmen could stand. Shelby, 
Sevier, and other brave leaders held a council of war, 
and determined to carry into etTect a j)'an they had 
already considered, to raise all the men they could, 
march over the mountains and surprise General Fer- 
guson in his camp; Col. Shelby undertook to procure 
the aid of Col. Campbell, of the neighboring County of 
Washington, in Virginia. The Tories, up the river had 
made an attempt to destroy the works of the Chis- 
well lead mines, where a large quantity of lead was pro- 
duced for the supply of the American Armies. Camp- 
bell, with a part of his regiment, was engaged in sup- 
pressing this insurrection, when Col. Shelby's letter 
reached him. He replied that he had determined to 
raise all the men he could and march to Flower Gap in 
order to join Gen. Gates and to endeavor to intercept 
Cornwallis when he should advance from Charlotte to 
form a junction with Ferguson at Saulsbury. That he 
still thought this the better plan, and declined to accom- 
pany them on their proposed expedition. Rut after a 
second appeal from Shelby, and by the advice of his 
cousin and brother-in-law. Col. Arthur Campbell, he 
determined to co-oixjrate with the Watauga and Nola- 
chucky forces. At a convention of field officers of 
Washington County, Ya., it was agreed to call out one- 
half of the militia under the command of Col. Campbell 
for this over-mountain service, and at the same time 


send an express to Col. Cleveland, of Wilkes County, 
N. C, to request him to raise all the men he could, and 
join them at the appointed place on the east side of the 
mountains. On Monday, the 2(jth of September, 1780, 
they assembled at Sycamore Shoals, about tliree miles 
below the present Klizabethtown. They found here 
McDowell's party. While still in camp, they were glad- 
dened by the arrival of Col. Arthur Campbell with two 
hundred more men from Washington County. He 
returned home to guard the frontier from incursions of 
the Indians. Dr. Lyman C. Draper, in his 'History of 
the Battle of Kings Mountain,' gives an interesting 
account of this march over the mountain. All along 
the way they were joined by patriotic men who were 
anxious to assist in driving the enemy from tlie country. 
On the 2d of October the officers of the several divisions 
held a consultation, and at Col. Shelby's suggestion, 
Col. Campbell was chosen commanding officer. He 
only consented to hold this position until a General was 
sent from headquarters. Col. McDowell was dis- 
patched to headquarters for this purpose. When the 
combined forces came to the neighborhood of Gilbert 
Town, they learned that the British had gone in the 
direction of Kings Mountain. The mountaineers con- 
tinued in pursuit, hoping to overtake them before they 
would be reinforced by Tarleton or Cornwallis. Dr. 
Draper gives a description of this famous mountain so 
graphic and yet so plain, that we follow his words: 

'* 'The Kings Mountain range is about sixteen 
miles in length, extending from the northeast in 
North Carolina in a southeasterly course, the prin- 
cipal elevation in the range is "The Pinnacle," a 
sort of lofty rocky tower about six miles distant 
from the battleground, the oblong stony ridge 
where the battle was fought in York County, South 
Carolina, and about a mile and a half south of the 
State line. It is some six hundred yards long and 
about two hundred and fifty yards from one base 
across to the other, or from sixtj' to one hundred 
yards wide on the top tapering to the south, so 
narrow, says Mills' statistics, that a man standing 


on it may be shot from eitber side. Ferguson 
tliought this eminence would be a convenient camp- 
ing place, commanding, as it did, the surrounding 
country. He hoped soon to be joiued by Tarleton 
at this place. As soon as the officer of the moun- 
taineers learned of Ferguson's position, they deter- 
mined at once to surround the mountain and begin 
the attack before he could either retreat or be re- 
inforced. They decided to choose the freshest men 
and horses and the best rifles. Shortly after nine 
o'clock in the evening of October the 6th, 910 picked 
riflemen, well mounted, began their night journey. 
The night was dark and a steady rain was falling, 
but on they went in absolute silence. Many lost 
their way and wandered aimlessly about until 
morning. When they reached the foot of the 
mountain they dismounted. Then came the final 
general order, ''Fresh prime your guns, and every 
man go into battle firmly, determined to fight till 
he dies." ' 

"Col. Shelby, in a letter to Col. Arthur Campbell, 
October 12, 1780, says : 

'' 'The Washington militia, under Col. Campbell, 
rapidly ascended the mountain and were met by the 
British regulars with fixed bayonets aud were 
forced to retreat. They were soon rallied by their 
gallant commander, and drove back the British. 
Nine times were they forced to retreat, but as many 
times did they return to the attack, until they 
finally reached the summit of the hill. Shelby's 
men were on the opposite side of the ridge, and 
began the attack on the British in the rear, and in 
a few moments the battle was raging all around the 

"Dr. Draper says that no regiment had its courage 
and endurance more severely tested than did Camp- 
bell's. When his horse became exhausted, he led his 
men on foot, his Voice hoarse with shouting, his face 
blackened with powder. FTe was always in the front 


of the battle, and nearest the foe. He was greatly be- 
loved by his men and had their full confidence, and they 
were willing to follow him to death. "The red-haired 
Campbell — the Claymore of the Argyle gleaming in his 
hand — his blue eyes glittering with a lurid flame 
wherever he wa.s, dashing here and there along the line, 
was himself a host. Ilis clarion voice rang out above 
the clash and roar of resounding arms, encouraging his 
heroic mountaineers to victory." Both ])ra])er and 
Roosevelt say the brunt of the battle fell upon Camp- 
bell's and Shelby's divisions, which sustained the whole 
fight for ten minutes until the other two wings had 
time to get in position and surround the enemy. The 
contest lasted over an hour, when Ferguson was shot 
and the surrender began. The mountain men had done 
their work well. They accomplished one of the most 
important victories of the war, but they were not anx- 
ious to push their victories any further. They were 
worn out and nearly starved, so their great desire now 
was to return to their homes. The day after the battle 
they fell back towards the mountains, and in a few 
weeks they disbanded and returned to their unprotected 
homes in the western wilds. 

"On January 30, 1781, General Greene wrote to Gen- 
eral Campbell urging him to bring without delay 1,000 
good volunteers from over the mountains to oppose Lord 
Coruwallis. lie joined Gen. Green in March, with 400 
men, and was engaged in the Battle of Guilford Court- 
house on March loth, and there he displayed his usual 
bravery. In June following he was made a Brigadier- 
General, and was called to serve under the Marquis de 
LaFayette, who was commanding a division of the Con- 
tinental forces in eastern Virginia. Campbell at once 
repaired to camp, and soon became a favorite with the 
General, but his services were destined to a sudden ter- 
mination. Being violently attacked with camp fever, 
he died after only a few days of illness on August 22, 
1781, in the thirty seventh year of his age. He was 
buried at his old homestead, 'Aspen Vale,' on the Hol- 
ston' in what is now Smith County, Virginia. His 
widow, a son and daughter survived him. The widow 
subsequently married Gen. William Russell. The son 


died joiiiig, aud the daughter, Sarah Buchanan Camp- 
bell, grew to womanhood and married Gen. Francis 
Preston, of Washington County, Virginia. 

''General Campbell was a man of imposing personal 
appearance, six feet two inches in height, was as 
straight as an Indian, and a man of great strength and 
endurance. He had fair complexion, red hair, and 
piercing blue eyes, Avas a true friend and staunch 
patriot, tender and loving to all who needed his care 
and protection. He was of a kind aud benevolent 
nature, but his temper, when aroused, was very violent, 
and he would at times commit indiscreet and even des- 
perate deeds, which he would afterwards deeply regret. 
He was always as ready to acknowledge a fault as to 
forgive one. In conversation he was quiet and reserved, 
but in writing he expressed himself with fluency and 
elegance. He was a great reader. All of his leisure 
hours were spent in reading the Bible, difl'erent histories 
and biographies, and such other books as could be ob- 
tained in that newly-settled country. He was a born 
soldier, having inherited from a long line of ancestors 
a love of liberty, which was one of his most striking 

"For his gallantry at the Battle of Kings Mountain 
the General Assembly of Virginia voted to have pre- 
sented to him a horse completely caparisoned, and a 
handsome sword. 

''The Continental Congress passed in his favor a com- 
plimentary resolution. His conduct at Guilford Court- 
house drew from Gen. Nathaniel Greene and Col. Harry 
Lee letters of the highest commendation. And when 
death ended his brilliant career. Gen. LaFayette issued 
a funeral order 'regretting the death of an officer whose 
services have endeared him to every citizen and soldier.' 
He adds further on, the glory which Col. Campl>ell has 
acquired at Kings Mountain, and at Guilford Court- 
house, will do his memory everlasting honor, and ensure 
him the highest rank among the defenders of Liberty in 
the American cause. Forty years after his death 
Thomas Jefferson said: 


"'The descendants of Oen. William Campbell 
may rest their heads quietly on the pillow of his 
renown. History has consecrated and will pre- 
serve it in the faithful annals of a grateful 
country.' " 

As a sketch of one branch of the Scotch Campbells 
has been given, I will now give what is known of the 


^Alexander Campbell lived at Inverary, Argyllshire, 
Scotland. His son, ^William Campbell, married Mary 
Byers. They emigrated from Scotland to the north of 
Ireland, near Londonderry, in Donegal Township, 
Ulster District. There they lived for some years, then 
moved, with their seven children, to America, the exact 
date of removal cannot be obtained. The father was an 
honorable, upright gentleman in every respect; the 
mother a woman of remarkable intelligence and pos- 
sessed manv womanly virtues. Their children were: 
»David, ^Elizal>eth, ^Martha, ^Alexander, ^Robert, ^ Wil- 
liam, ^Jane and ^Mary Campbell — eight in all. 

^David Campbell (called "Black David," because of 
his dark hair, eyes and complexion, and to distinguish 
him from his cousin, ''White David" Campbell, who was 
very fair, with yellow hair and blue eyes) was born 
about 1710. He married ^Jane Conyngham, a half- 
sister of Mary Hamilton (''White David" Campbell's 
wife). /'David Campbell and his wife, -Jane Conyng- 
ham, canie from Ireland with their parents. They set- 
tled in the Colony of Virginia, it is thought, first in 
Culpepper County. Later they removed to Augusta 
County, Virginia, which was at that time a frontier 
settlement. To this section of Virginia had emigrated 
a large number of Scotch-Irish, a brave, independent, 
liberty-loving ?-ace of people, who were most faithful 
friends and tlie best of citizens. . They gave to our 
country many of her greatest men.^ 

'David Campbell, born in 1710, died in November, 
175.3, and Jane Conyngham, his wife, died in August, 


1759. They had four children, namely: ^William, 
*Mary, ^Martha and *David Campbell. 

"William Campbell married ]\Iary Ellison, lie was 
First Lieutenant in the First Virginia Eegimeut on Con- 
tinental establishment, June 21, 1778; Captain, January 
16, 1779, and served to January, 1782. See Heitmau's 
Register of OfTioer-s of the Continental Army, page 115. 
He was Captain in the Fi-ench and Indian Wars in the 
Virginia Colonial Army, before the ]?evolution of 1770; 
was General of Militia, after the close of the war; was 
always called General Campbell. He went to Kentucky 
to live. He had eight children, namely: ^Eliza, '^Jane, 
''David, ^Martha, ''Anne, ''Mary, "Pally and '^William 
Campbell. "Eliza married Mr. Hayes. "Jane married 
Mr. Marten. "Martha married Mr. Siddle. "Mary 
married Mr, Guard. "Sally married Timothy Guard. 
''William's wife's uame not known, "David Campbell 
married Mary Campbell. They had three children: 
*William, ^David and ''Margaret Campbell. "Anne 
Campbell married Major "William Campbell, her 
father's first cousin. He had been an officer in the Con- 
tinental Army. They lived at Nashville, Tenn., and 
had three childi-en : ^Robert, ®John and "Cynthia Camp- 
bell. ^Robert Campbell married, but the name of his 
wife is not known. I have no record of his descendants. 
^Cynthia Campbell married Dr. Samuel Campbell, a 
distant relative. After his death she married John 

McGhee, and had one son, ^ McGhee. *John W. 

Campbell married Jane Porter, and liVed in Jackson, 
Tenn, They had eight children: ^\lcxander, 'Susan 
Anne, ^Anne Matilda, ^Peneloj^. "Jane, 'Mary, ^Cynthia 
and ^John Campbell. ''Alexander Campbell, a General 
in the Confederate Army, married Anne Allen. They 
had four children : ®Anne, married Mr. ; 
*Kate, married Mr. Robertson, of Jackson, and *John 
Campbell. The name of the other child is not kno-wTi. 
^Susan Anne, ^Anne Matilda, ^Cynthia and ^Mary Camp- 
bell never married. ^Penelope Campbell married Mr. 
Sterling, and left two ^daughters. One married Dr. 
Ruddeke, of Memphis, and died without issue. The 
other never married. ^Jane Porter Campbell married 
Dr. Preston Scott, of Louisville, Ky. She has three 



cliildren, namely : ^Jane Porter Scott, married Frank L. 
Woodruff, of Atlanta, Ga.; ^Campbell Scott, lives in 
East Orange, N. J.; ^jjamsey Scott, married Miss 

I will now return to the sisters and brothers of Gen. 
*William Campbell. 

*Mary Campbell married William Ellison. They 
had a family, but names not knoAvn. Some wont to 
Indiana and some to Mississippi. One daughter mar- 
ried a Mr. Mitchell. 

*Martha Campbell married Maj. John Morrison, of 
the Continental Army. They moved to Kentucky. 
She was the first white woman to settle at Tvexington, 
Ky. They had nine children: "* Archibald, °Sarah, 
''Mary, ''John, "David, "Martha, "Jane, "Nancy and 
"Robert Morrison. "Archibald Morrison married and 
left six "children. He was killed by the Indians at the 
Battle of Dudley's Defeat. "Sarah (Sally) Morrison 
married ^^Charles Campbell, a son of Col. "Arthur 
Campbell. They had no children. "Jane Morrison 
married a Mr. Hodge. They had six "children. "Nancy 
Morrison married a Mr. Hayes. They had three "chil- 
dren. I know nothing of the descendants of "Robert 
Morrison. Suppose many of them are living in Ken- 

"David Campbell, the youngest child of "Black David" 
Campbell and Jane Conyngham, his wife, was born in 
Augusta County, Virginia, August, 1753, three months 
after the death of his father, and his mother died when 
he was only six years of age. His eldest brother, 
*William Campbell, inherited the whole of his father's 
estate, as it consisted principally of land. The English 
common law of primogeniture was enforced in the 
Colonies at that time. Therefore young *David was 
thrown on his own resources early in life. He was 
energetic and industrious, and soon had accumulated 
property, bought a good farm in Washington County, 
Virginia (then Augusta County), and in 1774 he mar- 
ried ^Margaret Campbell, daughter of the above-named 
"White David" Campbell and Mary Flamilton, his wife. 
Before and after his marriage, he had served several 
campaigns against the French and Indians, in the 


Virginia Colonial Army. He was in General Andrew 
Lewis' exi>edition in 1774 against the Indians, and was 
in the Battle of Point Pleasant, October 10, 1774. He 
was in the company of his brother-in-law, Captain John 
Campbell, in the decisive battle of Long Island Flats, 
Jnly 20, 1776, and in a number of other engagements 
against the Indians about that time. He was Cajitain 
in the Continental Army, was at the Battle of Kings 
Mountain. See Draper's ^'Kings ^Mountain and Its 
Heroes," pages 255 and 587. On January 20, 1775, he 
was secretary or clerk of a meeting of citizens of Fin- 
castle County, Virginia, at which meeting they drew up 
a petition to the Colonial Governor, protesting against 
the tyranny of the Royal Government, declaring they 
'^•ould be free and independent men. See a copy in the 
foregoing pages. He had tracts of land granted to him 
for military services in Greene County, Tennessee, also 
in Wilson County, Tennessee. 

About 1785 he moved from Washington County, Vir- 
ginia, to what is now Knox County, Tennessee. ' With 
the assistance of neighbors, he built a station, or strong- 
hold, at that time called a block house, to protect them- 
selves from the attacks of the hostile Indians. It was 
known as Campbell's Station. A part of the old Block 
House was still standing in 1895. He did a great deal 
for the promotion of schools and churches in Knox 
County at an early day, feeling that this was the best 
way to advance civilization in the Western country. 
He was always deeply interested in the welfare of his 
country, a patriot and statesman of the old Continental 
type. The country he had fought so bravely for in his 
youth was very dear to him. He served several years 
in the State Legislature, soon after it entered the Union 
of States. 

After the death of his wife, "Margaret Campbell, 
*David Campbell married a widow with a family — Mrs. 
Jane Montgomery Cowen. They had three children: 
"Warren and "^Washington Campbell died young. "^Mar- 
garet Lavinia Campbell married the Rev. John Kelly, a 
Methodist minister. They had two children: "Mary 
Kelly died young; *David C. Kelly nu\rried, first, 
Amanda Harris. Issue: 'Daisv, married Walter K. 


Laiiibuth; issue: 'David, married Myrtle Spindel ; 
*Mary, and 'Walter; Mohn, married Pearl Williams, 
and died without issue; ^Jj'zzie, married John M. 
Pieton; issue: 'Lida, ^Lavinia, ''Walter, 'Elizabeth and 
'John M. "David C. Kelly marrieni, second, ^''Mary O. 
Campbell. They had four children: ^^Laviuia Kelly, 
died at the ag:e of eleven; '^William 0. Kelly, died at 
the a^^e of twenty-seven in Alaska ; 'M)avid C. Kelly, Jr. 
and 'H)wen C. Kelly, died in November, 1904. 

*David Campbell died in Wilson County, Tennessee, 
seven miles from I^ebanon, in 1832, and is buried in the 
old graveyard at the little town of Leeville, which is 
built upon a part of a large tract of land which he 
owned at the time of his death. As all of the descend- 
ants of "David Campbell and ^Margaret Campbell, his 
wife, have been given in the foregoing pages, I will now 
return to the brothers and sistei*s of "Black David" 
Campbell, the third generation of this branch. 

^Elizabeth Campbell married. 

^Martha Campbell married William Ellison. 

^Alexander Campbell was living in Kentucky in 1801, 
and was at that time over eighty years of age. 

^Robert Campbell married and had three sons, 
namely: Mames, called "Big Jimraie;" ''Alexander, 
married Miss Lockhart, and "Elder" *David Campbell, 
who married Jane Lockhart, a sister of his brother's 

Mane Campbell married a Mr. Alli.'^on. Died in 1800. 

^William Campbell married , and had a son. 

Major "William Campbell, of Nash^nlle, Tenn. He was 
in the Continental Army. He married "*Anne Camp- 
bell, daughter of his cousin, "William Campbell, and 
Mary Elli.son, his wife. Their descendants are given 
in the foregoing pages. 

^Mary Campbell married Major John Steele. They 
had one son, Col. "John Steele, who was in the Conti- 
nental Army, and was a member of the Order of the 
Cincinnati. He was severely wounded during the 
Revolution, and for many years was a counsellor in 
Virginia. He died unmarried. 

This completes, as far as the names and dates can be 
o])tained, the sketch of this branch of the Clan Campbell. 


A Sketch of Captain Datid Campbell, of Campbell's 

Station, East Trnnp:8see, in Which There is 

Some Repetitions of the Genealogy 

OF the Foregoing Pages. 

Cai)tain David Campbell's great-grandfaflier, Alex- 
ander Campbell, who lived in Scotland, had a son 
William, who married Mary Byere. They went from 
Scotland to Ireland during the religious persecutions 
in that country, hoping to find freedom from tyranny, 
but were doomed to disappointment. They finally 
decided to emigrate to the English Colonies in America, 
and settled in Virginia. 

They had seven children. The eldest, David Camp- 
bell, married Jane Cunningham,* a granddaughter of 
Col. Patrick Cunnyngham, whose family, in 1690, lived 
in Ireland on the river Boyue. The head of the house 
was Sir Albert Cunnyngham. Col. Patrick Cunnyng- 
ham commanded a regiment at the Battle of Boyne. 
David and Jane Campbell had four children. William, 
who married Mary Ellison, was prominent in the 
Indian and Kevolutionary Wars. His two brothers-in- 
law, Capt. William Ellison (who married Mary Camp- 
bell) and Maj. John Morrison (who married Martha 
Campbell) were also patriotic defenders of their liberty 
in the same wars. David, the subject of this sketch, 
the youngest child, was born in Augusta County, Vir- 
ginia, in August, 1753. His brother William, being 
the eldest, according to the law of that time (the old 
English common law), inherited the whole of his 
father's property, which consisted entirely of landed 
estates. So David was forced to depend on his own 
resources very early in life. He accumulated some- 
thing by the time he was twenty years of age, which he 
invested in a farm in Wa.shington County, near Abing- 
don, Virginia. Soon after this he met his cousin, 
Margaret Campbell (daughter of his mother's half- 
sister, Mary Hamilton, and David Campbell, a distant 

♦Cunningham is spoiled tlirec diflforent wnys by the siinie 
family connettion. 


relation). They l)ecaine attaclied to one another and 
were married in 1774, she being about twenty-one years 
of age. Her father, David Campbell, was an officer in 
the Virginia Colonial Army in 1759 in a campaign 
against the Indians, when his young son, Arthur, was 
taken prisoner and escap)ed after three years' captivity 
in Canada. (See old family manuscripts and also 
Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. VJI, 
No. 2, October, 1899.) 

At the date of her marriage, Margaret was 
keeping house at the "Koyal Oak," the family seat 
of her two brothers. Colonels John and Arthur 
Campbell. The two young people settled on their 
farm near Abingdon, Virginia. While living at 
this place he participated in a number of expeditions 
against the Indians, one in 1774, the Battle of Point 
Pleasant. He was in his brother-in-law's (Captain 
John Campbell's) company at the decisive Battle of 
Long Island Flats, in 1776, and in a number of other 
engagements against the Tories and Indians. He was 
a captain in the Colonial and Continental Army, and 
was at the celebrated Battle of Kings Mountain. About 
the year 1782 David Campbell, with his family, moved 
from Abingdon, Virginia, to Washington County, East 
Tennessee. Eomaining there only one year, he then 
went to the "Strawberry Plains" tract of land, which 
he then owned. He had a very large tract of land 
granted him for his services during the Eevolutionary 
War, situated in Greene County, East Tennessee. He 
lived upon this farm about four years, then moved to 
''Grassy Valley," in Knox County, about the year 1785, 
and made the first settlement there, fifteen miles from 
Knoxville. He built a station in March, 1787, 
and others coming and settling near assisted hira in 
making the station a stronghold against the hostile 
Indians. It became known all over that region as 
''Campbell's Station." 

At the time of Captain Campbell's settlement at the 
"Station." the Indians were fierce and warlike all over 
that section of the country, and the white settlers were 
constantly being murdered and driven from their homes. 
Every station in that neighborhood was taken and 
destroyed except Campbell's. A little act of kindness, 


and clemency shown by him to some Indian women and 
children, soon after he settled in East Tennessee, was 
never forgotten by them, and this accounted for his 
station never afterwards being attacked by the Indians. 
It indeed seems strange that the depraved savage, so 
bloodthirsty and beast-like in his nature, should pos- 
sess feelings of such deep gratitude, yet it is true, as 
will be seen by this incident. Captain Campbell, on 
one occasion, headed a company to go out from the foi-t 
on an expedition against some Indians who had been 
committing depredations on the settlers. Arriving at 
one of their to^^^ls, they found the warriors all absent 
upon some raid, none but women and children left in 
the village. Most of the men wished to slaughter them 
and burn their houses, but their commander, Captain 
Campbell, would not i>ermit such an act of cruelty to 
be perpetrated upon the helpless community, and 
ordered the men not to molest them. One intractable 
fellow, seeing a girl near him, Lucy Fields, the daughter 
of a chief, raised his gun to shoot her, when Captain 
Campbell knocked the piece up just in time to save her 
life. At this they all crowded around him, imploring 
his protection, which he kindly rendered, and marched 
his men off without harming them. Before their tribes 
left Tennessee for Western Arkansas, this girl, Lucy 
Fields, and her mother, went to "CampbelTs Station" 
and gave a beautiful fan and other little pieces of their 
handiwork to their protector's wife and daughter. The 
writer has often seen the fan, which was for a long 
time preserved as an heirloom in the family. It was 
made of the tail feathers of a large eagle, the lower 
part being embroidered with many colored beads, upon 
some substance that looked like birch bark. It also 
had a peculiar-looking cord and tassel on the handle. 
Again, to show that this act of kindness was never 
forgotten by the Indians, Fields and Mackintosh were 
the chiefs of the tribes saved, and long years afterwards. 
General John Campbell, the son of Captain David 
Campbell, was appointed by the government agent to 
the Indians in Western Arkansas. lie met the descend- 
ants of these two chiefs, and they remembered his 
father with gratitude. After this, it is said that the 
warriors in all their councils determined that ''Camp- 

138 uiSTORWAL sketches;. 

bell's Slaliou'' slunild he the very last fort taken, and 
they never attacked it ; ])eace was made, and they 
were ever afterward fiiendly. 

"CaiiipbeH's Station" Nvas for many years a frontier 
fort, and nearer than any other to the Cherokee tribe of 
Indians, and before this incident it was only by the most 
vigilant conduct that Captain Camj)bell maintained 
and defended his fort from the attacks of hostile 
Indians. He was a participator in the Franklin 
Government, and after the State was admitted into the 
Union as Tennessee, was a member of the Legislature, 
assisting in enacting the first laws for the State govern- 
ment, fie was afterwards Elector for President and 
Vice-President of the United States. He wa.s a most 
patriotic, public-spirited, estimable man, gi-eatly hon- 
ored by the whole community. On July 29, 1799, David 
Campbell lost his wife, Margaret Campbell, by whom 
he had eight children. Four died in early youth, and 
four lived to be married, but only one left descendants. 
Jane, the eldest, married Colonel Wright, of the United 
States Army, and Mary married her cousin, David 
Campbell, who was afterwards Governor of Virginia 
and Colonel in the War of 1812. John, his eldest son, 
entered the United States regular army in 1795, and 
coptinued in it until the close of the War of 1S12. He 
was Lieutenant Colonel in the Northern Army, was at 
the Battles of Plattsburg, Fort George and other en- 
gagements on the Northern line. He was a w^orthy 
man and brave soldier. He left no descendants. 

The daughter of Captain David Campbell, in writing 
of her father, says: "He was a man of stern, excitable 
temperament, with strong affections. I only knew 
him after the public spirit of buoyant youth had calmed 
into the sol)er, resolute determination of generous patri- 
otism, when the restless ambition, strengthened by the 
rough life of an orphan boy, had drawn him into many 
a struggle, with which he bravely contended, until his 
soul felt the animation of success, and upright prin- 
ciples wei-e wrought in him, destined to live forever. 
His country's welfare was such a fixture in his char- 
acter that no changes, no troubles, or conflicting cir- 
cumstances, prevented his manifesting an ever active 


interest in its i-rosiK^rity. The same spirit that took 
Mm the K^volutionary War, "^.^--^^^^^ j ^ 


interest m its i'i<>si>i^-iii.>. •"- ...>^-^ , lUwutv 

b m h,to the Kev«l«tio,.av.v War, "' ^<;f^;- »^^'^ /•;; 

llirchnr';. e ife man who was a candidate for offl.^ 

hair and eyes, ^\as nve leet ^*^' „ jjyed on his 

of nndannted bravery ^l^ .^/"^^^'•Je.pS^ed and loved 


Copy of a Letirr from Mrs. Catiierink Rowen 

Campbell, Wife of David Campbell, to Their 

Son, William Bowen Campbell, Who 

Was at that Time Attending 

THE Law School at 

Winchester, Va. 

''Round Lick, Near Carthage, Tenn., 

"July 7, 1828. 
''My Dear Son: 

"I have delayed answering yours of the 1.3th of 
June, which I received about two weeks ago, that I 
might give you some account of the parade that 
was agitating us. 

''The inhabitants of Lebanon and Wilson County 
sent an invitation to Gen. Andrew Jackson to par- 
take of a dinner, and supper, on the second of July 
on his way to Carthage. A committee of ten men 
were sent to conduct him. They were to start froju 
your grandfather Campbell's to town. Gen. John 
bampbell, your uncle, was one of the committee. 
The next day there were ten more sent to bring him 
to this county line, which is at Mr. James Shelton's. 
There your father was commissioned to receive 
him, as he belonged to the Smith County Com- 
mittee. The General said it was his wish that day 
to take a family dinner with your Aunt and Uncle 
Armpstead Moore, and return and stay all night 
with us. About ten o'clock in the morning they 
arrived here, stopped and had their horses put up 
and fed. They all then walked to your Cnde 
Moore's. Your uncle. General John, and your 
Aunt Emeline Campbell walked with them; also 
your little sister and brother, Virginia and David. 
They were the only children at home at the time, 
John, Mary and Margaret having gone up to Car- 
thage early that morning, as later there would be 
trouble in cros.««ing the river, when the crowd assem- 
bled for the great parade. 

"The General took a great fancy to little Vir- 
ginia, led her by the hand, and at the table, when I 
wished her to wait, he took her and seated her by 
himself, and attended to her. She was quite de- 


lighted, although she looked rather a])ashed at his 
politeness. I wish I could describe to you the meet- 
ing; indeed, 1 did not think it would have had 
the efifect that it did upon my feelings when the 
company rode up and dismounted at my door. 

^'I looked out and saw General Jackson advanc- 
ing with that same gallant air that I had so often 
seen in days that are now departed. I involunta- 
rily stepped from the house to meet him, and was 
received in the kindest manner by the old warrior. 
A mixture of feelings crowded upon me, in reflect- 
ing on the toils, difficulties, and many weary steps 
that the old hero had taken, since I had last seen 
him; nearly twenty-three yeare had elapsed since 
that time. The next morning before his departure, 
he stationed himself near me to have a serious chat 
befoi-e parting, although the and yard was full 
of men waiting to see him and hear him talk. I 
have promised to let the girls go to the Hermitage 
on a visit to him, but do not know how it will be yet. 
The Governor was here also, but I could not attend 
much to him when the General was near, for 1 did 
not know him in the days of yore. 

''John and your sisters returned from town yes- 
terday. They were much pleased with their trip, 
and more with seeing the 'Old Hickory.' He was 
very kind and attentive to them when introduced 
in Carthage, which was, of course, very gratifying 
indeed to me, who had been an old friend and 
neighbor of the old hero's so many years gone by. 
I have given you enough of this Fourth of July 
parade. Will write soon of other things. 

*'Adieu, my son; you have always your mother's 
blessings. Catherine B. Campbell." 

Campbell Coat of Arms. 

Quarterly 1st and 4th gyroruy of eight or. and sa. for Camp- 
bell ; 2d and 3d ar. a lymplead, her sails furled and oars in 
action all sa. flag and pennants flying gu. far Ix>rn. Crest— a 
boar's bead coui>ed or. Over the crest motto, ".Ve Obliviscvnn" 
(Do not forget). Motto under shield, "V'lx ea nostra voco" (I 
scarce call these detxls of our ancestors ours). Badge of the 
Campbell Clan, a sprig of bog-myrtle. 




William B. Campbell, son of David Campbell and 
Catherine Bowen, was born February 1, 1S07, on Maus- 
ker's Creek, in Sumner County, Tennessee, within 
twelve miles of the present site of Nashville, and died 
at his home, near Lebanon, August 19, 1867. He was 
the last of the Whig Governors of the State, and filled 
the office in 1851-53, serving for one term. He was a 
descendant of that brave, hardy and enterprising 
pioneer people that had early crossed the mountains 
and settled in what is now Washington County in 
Southwestern Virginia. He was of a family connec- 
tion which was distinguished for its courage and man- 
hood in the War of Independence, which had given 
numbers of soldiers and heroes to that war, and sub- 
sequently the brilliant William C. Preston to South 
Carolina, and a Chief Magistrate, Governor David 
Campbell, to Virginia. 

W. B. Campbell is descended from two families of 
Campbells. The family about which most is known is 
that of his paternal grandmother. 

David Campbell, the son of John and brother of Pat- 
rick, was the great-grandfather of William B. Camp- 
bell on his mother's side. His paternal grandfather, 
Capt. David Campbell, from whom Campbell's Station, 
in East Tennessee, took its name, was in the War of In- 
dependence as a soldier in Gen. William Campbell's reg- 
iment. Through his mother he was related to Lieut. 
Keece Bowen, of the same regiment, w^ho, when making a 
hazardous and unnecessary exposure of his person at the 
Battle of Kings Mountain, was chided by one of his more 
cautious companions. ^*Why don't you take a tree, 
Bowen? If you don't 3'ou will be certainly killed by 
Ferguson's Tory Kiflemen hidden behind every rock and 
bush on the mountain." He indignantly replied : "Take 
a tree! No; never shall it be said that I dodged from a 


Briton or Tory who opposed me in the field!" and he 
had scarcely finished the sentence when a rifle hall 
struck him in the breast, and he fell and almost in- 
stantly expired. 

Through his mother, William B, Campbell was a 
great-grandson of Gen. William Russell, another hero 
of the War of Independence, who commanded a i-ogi- 
ment at the battles of Germantown, Brandywine and 
Monmouth, was at Yorktown when Lord Cornwallis 
surrenderd, and in honor of whom Russellville, Ken- 
tucky, and Russell County, Virginia, were named. He 
was brevetted Brigadier-General just before the close 
of the war — was nine years in service. 

From these different ancestral lines there met in his 
veins the blood of those hardy pioneers, patriots, heroes, 
who turned the tide of American defeat, and gave to 
independence the morning of its day long delayed. He 
inherited from his Campbell ancestry a sensitive tem- 
perament, and a spirit of fearlessness and intrepidity; 
from the Bowens great magnanimity and generosity, 
coupled to a physical of the finest mold, and from the 
Rus.sells dignity and firmness. 

His father, David Campbell, a cultivated gentleman 
of education, brought up his family to industry, econ- 
omy and good morals, and was content with the humble 
duties of private life. PTis mother, Catherine Bowen 
Campbell, was a i-emarkable woman of the old school, 
industrious, pious and patriotic. Reared in the midst 
of Revolutionary traditions, and the alarms of Indian 
warfare, patriotism was with her a passion. She was 
a great lover of books of poetry and history, and with 
a small number at her command, she in girlhood stored 
her mind with a few of the best. To her latest years, 
down to fourscore, the mention of any deed of valor or 
heroism, brought from her well-stored memory apt 
poetical responses garnei-ed from Scott, Buins, Gray, 
Campbell and Moore. A love of truth and of country 
she transmitted in an intense form to her son. He him- 
self told this anecdote of his mother, "in the day that 
tried men's souls," to a few friends, tears trickling 
do\\'n his cheeks. He had been all his life a "National 
Man," had been baptized on the field of battle under 


the old Hag; liad proved himself a brave soldier, and 
was a man of weiglit and infhienee throughout the 
whole State. He was tendered the command of the 
Tennessee forces in aid of the Confederacy. It was 
urged upon him. He declined. Being told of this, she 
said to him : "William, I was proud of you at Monterey, 
I was proud of you when the people elected you Gov- 
ernor, liut I am now prouder of you than ever, since you 
liave refused to tight against the flag of your country." 

He was brought up on the farm, a meralDer of a large 
family, the oldest of six children, and he had for the 
greater part, his own living to earn, and character to 
form. His mother was his earliest teacher, afterwards 
James Hamilton and Peter Hubbard, two educated Irish- 
men, gave him all the advantages that early day allowed. 
In his seventeenth year, his father having failed in 
business, he took the axe and the maul and gave two 
years to hard work in cleaning up the virgin soil. This 
had, doubtless, much to do with his acquiring a consti- 
tution remarkable for its strength and power of endur- 
ance, and a character unsurpa.^sed in energy, firnmess, 
and dignified elevation. But no effort was wanting on 
the part of his father, whose discrimination easily 
detected the seeds of future promise in his son, to give 
him an education suitable to his vigorous and fast- 
forming intellect. His excellent habits, strict and 
cheerful conformity to every duty, and striking points 
of character displayed at this early age, drew to him 
the attention of his uncle. Governor David Campbell, of 
Abingdon, Virginia, with whom he completed his edu- 
cation, and under whose sui^ervision he studied law, 
and attended a course of law lectures by the Hon. St. 
George Tucker, of Winchester, Virginia. 

He began the practice of law in Carthage, Tennessee, 
about 1829 and 1830. His first appearance in public 
life was in the capacity of Attorney-General, to which 
oflSce he was elected by the Legislature, November 11, 
1831, though opposed by the Hon. Bromfield Ridley, 
a lawyer of promise and ability. Upon this event he 
moved to Sparta, in White County, where he resided 
a few years. In 1835, having again returned to live in 
Carthage, he was elected, August 8, 18.35, Representa- 


















>-— - 

\ / 















Mrs. Catherine Bowen Campbell. 

Born 1785; Died ISfS. 


five in the legislature for Smith County, and the same 
year was mirried to Mi^ Frances I Owen only 
&itcr of Dr. John Owen, of Carthage Judge 
Jo C Guild, in a speech at a meeting held i" ^;-l-lle, 
Aucust l.%7, to do honor to the memory of Go^elnol 
cSbell, when referring to his career in the l^egis- 
laTui^e aid on the bench, said: "Governor Campbell 
wis my intimate associate for over forty years, and 
though we always have been arrayed on opposite sides 
politics, yet even when party strife and party ha e 
ran highest, 1 could always testify to his iTiagnanimit.> 
and hi-h se^se of justice in all our conflicts \\ e met 
fn tbe^Legislature in 1835, wl.ich revised the presen 
Constitution, which was one of the most important 
Wiitive assemblies that ever met in this State, and I 
always found him active, efficient and conscientious in 
?he discharge of the responsible duties which devolved 
upon him I had the h^nor to practice law before him 
?oi several years, and in all the conflicts between the 
bar and the Court, he ever exhibited that «ame urbanity 
and moderation of character which were 1"^^^ ^^^^^ "^^^^ 
istics through life. Not a stain rests upon his judicial 

^Tn"l836 a call was made by" the Federal authorities 
upon Tennessee for volunteers to chastise the Creek and 
^m nole Indians, who were committ ng miu-derous 
Sedations upon the defenseless frontiers of Georgia 
Florida and Alabama. N^either age, sex nor condition 
was spared by them in their ruthless and savage war^ 
fkre. Campbell tendered his resignation as member of 
the T>egislature, was among the first to obey the sum- 
monsflnd promptly headed the list of a vo unteer 
company. He was elected their captain with remark- 
able unanimity and enthusiasm, and taking leave of his 
young wife and infant child, he repaired at once to he 
Lne%f active duty, to encounter the Pe"S of Indian 
warfare. William Trousdale was Colonel and J. C. 
Suild Lieutenant-Colonel of the regiment. He kd his 
company through the campaign of seven "io"ths-a 
month longer than the period of his ^"1;^^"^^"^7^^^'^^° 
a skill and intrepidity which drew upon him the favor- 
able attention of all who had occasion to observe his 



brave and soldier-like bearing. It is impossible to 
dej)ict the hardships and suHering wliich our soldiers 
were compelled to endure throughout this campaign, 
from the change of climate, scarcity of i)rovisions, and 
inseparable difliculties of such a war. The mode of 
warfare was novel to the troops, and in many instances 
they fought an unseen foe, while they themselves were 
exposed to a murderous fiie. Captain Campbell sought 
o|)]j()rtunities to display the courage of his conijiany. 
He bore a prominent part in the battles of the 18th and 
21st of November, generally known as the Battle of the 
Wahoo Swamp, and in the engagement commanded by 
Colonel Guild near the forks of the Withlacoochee. In 
one of these engagements, the last named, Captain 
Campbell was standing in the margin of the stream, 
when one of his own men, with whom he was convers- 
ing at the time, was shot down by his side, and a mem- 
ber of Captain Henry's company fell about the same 
time in his presence. As the action was fought in a 
dense hammock, or thicket, the men of different com- 
panies, in getting to the water's edge the best way they 
could through the tangled thicket, were very much 
intermingled. Though the balls of the enemy's rifles 
were whistling fiercely around him. Captain Campbell, 
with most commendable calmness and humanity, or- 
dered several men who were near him to remove the.«e 
bodies to a suitable place, which was refused on account 
of the peril. He promptly responded that the bodies 
should be removed if he had to do it himself, and start- 
ing forward in the act, others at once volunteered and 
assisted him in removing them from the water's edge to 
a place of safety. Throughout this war he distinguished 
himself for his admirable coolness, intrepidity and 
kindness, as was amply testified at the time by his supe- 
rior ofiicers. 

Campbell's pei-sonal popularity had now become 
deservedly great. In 1837, in obedience to numerous 
and pressing solicitations, he became a candidate for 
Congrei?8, in his native district, having for his opponent 
Gen. William T'rousdale, who was already known to the 
country as a i olitician of age and experience, and as 
commander of the regiment in which Campbell served 


iu the Florida war. Though much the youngei' man, 
CampbelTs poijularitj, address aud active energy 
throughout tlie canvass, secured his election by a major- 
ity of over seventeen hundred votes. Again, in 1830, 
when the Democracy, under the leadership of James K. 
Polk, mustering all their strength, carried nearly every- 
thing by storm, overcoming a majority of nearly twenty 
thousand votes, as .shown in the preceding gubcinatorial 
election, Campbell was elected to Congress over General 
Trousdale by a majority of seven hundred and seventy- 
six votes, despite the most impetuous and unwearied 
exertions of his opponents. 

And taking up the comparative votes for Campbell 
and Trousdale as a test, had all other sections of the 
State stood equally firm against the popular power and 
party discipline of Mr. Polk, instead of a defeat, a great 
victory would have inured to the Whigs of Tenne.ssee in 
that fierce contest. In 1841, such was his acknowledged 
strength before the people, that no candidate was 
found willing to oppose him, and he was again elected 
to Congress, and this time without opposition. 

As a member of Congi-ess during those six years, he 
served on the important Committees on Claims, Terri- 
tories and Military Affairs, and labored unweariedly 
for retrenchment, reform and economy in public exjjen- 
ditures. His speeches show a thorough actpiaintance 
with the subjects to which he addressed hims<^lf, and his 
views were expres.sed with great clearness and energy. 
AVith fine natural talents improved by sedulous cultiva- 
tion, his modesty, while it increased the esteem and 
attachment of his friends, prevented the frequent and 
general display of his abilities which they desired. 

In a speech delivered in Congress on the 27th of July, 
1842, he said: "In my coui*se hei-e I have not held my- 
self subject to the control of party ; I have often differed 
with my political friends on measures of the firet im- 
portance. My own convictions of what was right, and 
what would promote the best interests of my constit- 
uents, and of the whole country, have influenced ray 

At the close of his term in Congress, he voluntarily 
retired to private life and recommenced the practice of 


his profession, tliough stron.nly ui-^cd to become a can- 
didate again, with tiattciiiig prosi)ects of continued 
success. About this time he was elected Major General 
of his Military Division, and for three years he remained 
in the bosom of his family, enjoying the ease and quiet 
of private life. 

The war between the United States and ^fexico began 
in the spring of 18-lG. Forty years have dimmed the 
recollection of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, and of 
the outburst of patriotic enthusiasm which ensued upon 
those brilliant little victories. The events which there- 
upon followed, once filled a dear place in the nation's 
heart, and were for years well marked upon the public 
memory; but the joys and woes of a cause that was 
nearer and dearer, have left new idols for popular wor- 
ship; and the eruption of the great Civil War has cast 
its ashes over memories of those far-away fields. 

Upon the intelligence that peace was broken, the 
General Government made a call upon Tennessee for 
twenty-four hundred men. Within a few weeks thirty 
thousand volunteers had offered their services to their 
country's cause. Not one-tenth of these could be 

The First Regiment of Tennessee Volunteers was 
organized at Nashville, in May, consisting of companies 
from various parts of Middle Tennessee. It elected 
AVilliam B. Campbell to its command as Colonel, with 
Samuel R. Anderson as Lieutenant-Colonel; and the 
Regiment, being of extra size, was allowed to elect two 
Majors, Alexander and Farquaharson. Campbell came 
to the command with a reputation well established as 
a gallant Captain in the then recent Seminole War, 
and as a public man of high character. Early in June 
following, the regiment was ali-eady equipped and on 
its way to the seat of war. They traveled by steamboat 
to New Orleans, thence by sailing vessels across the 
Gulf of Mexico, and thence by steamers up the Rio 
Grande to Camargo, on the San Juan, where General 
Taylor organized his army for the advance on Monterey, 
one hundred and fifty miles in the interior. In the 
passage of these raw troops through the intense tropical 
heat of the lower Rio Grande, in midsummer, numbers 


died and still moi-e were rendered unfit for military 
duty. The army arrived before Monterey on the l!)th 
of September. 

The Battle of I^fonterey was fought on the 21st, 22d 
and 23d of September, 1846. With about five or six 
thousand men, half of whom were raw volunteers, who 
for the most part had never seen a battle, and willi but 
a light equipment of artillery-. General Taylor under- 
took the capture of a strongly fortified city, garrisoned 
with double his number of men. The glory of his suc- 
cess under all the circumstances of the undertaking, 
does not pale even in the lustre of the most brilliant 
achievements of our late Civil War. The city of Mon- 
terey was in itself a series of fortifications, every house 
a fort. The city was difficult of approach by reason 
of its position at the foot of the mountains, except 
across a plain on the northern side. This plain was 
commanded by a citadel, as it was called, constructed 
with a high degree of engineering skill, and occupying a 
position in the center. On either flank the approaches 
were defended by other strong forts. Col. Bailey 
Peyton, in a letter from Monterey to the New Orleans 
Picayune, under date September 25, 1846, says: ''These 
Mexican towns and fortresses are incredibly strong; 
and few men fight better from housetops and behind 
stone walls, or are more adroit in the use of stationary 
artillery than the Mexicans. In these actions General 
Taylor had, all told, about five thousand men, while 
General Ampudia's force consisted of ten thousand five 
hundred infantry and cavalry, besides militia, ranch- 
eros, etc. General Taylor had eighteen pieces of 
artillery, of which seventeen were field pieces, while 
General Ampudia had forty pieces, thirty-eight of 
which, with two stands of colors, are now in our pos- 

In this battle the First Tennessee Regiment, together 
with the Mississippi Rifle Regiment, commanded by 
Col. Jeff. Davis, composed the brigade of General Quit- 
man, which formed a part of the division of the army 
commanded by General Butler. It is not necessary to 
give the details of this battle. 

Darkly prominent amid the dangerous points stood 


a strong and well-appointed fortress, or battery, known 
as Fort Teneria, so strong and so well provided Avith 
artillery that it seemed almost madness to attempt its 
capture. 0])posite this fortress was placed Quitman's 
Brigade, with the Tennessee Eegiment occupying a 
place in advance of the Mississippi Regiment. In this 
position, Campbell, leading his regiment on horseback, 
the brigade advanced across an open plain, raked for a 
mile by the fire of the enemy's batteries, and pres.sed 
forward at a run until within musket range. Here the 
enemy's fire became most destructive, characterised by 
Colonel Campbell as "the most severe discharge of artil- 
lery and musketry that was ever poured upon a line of 
volunteers." "The wind of pa.ssing balls and bombs 
continually fanned their faces, and men and officers 
continually fell around; a twelve-pound shot literally 
passed through the closed ranks of the Tennessee Regi- 
ment, throwing fragments of human beings into the air, 
and drenching the living with gore." ("Our Array at 
Monterey. Thorpe.") About one-third of this regi- 
ment were killed or wounded, within a few minutes, in 
this charge. Against such resistance they pas.sed on, 
scaled the ramparts, and planted their colors, riddled 
with bullets, upon the captured works. "They were 
the first to enter and unfurl their colors to the breeze, 
as a signal of success, having the honor of raising 
the first American flag that ever waved upon the 
embattled walls of Monterey." (See "Our Army at 
Monterey," by T. B. Thorps, p. 54.) Of this charge at 
Monterey, where his regiment took first honors, Camp- 
bell himself, in a letter hastily written to his wife, dated 
"Camp near Monterey, Mexico, September 25, 1846," 
said : "My regiment went early into action on the morn- 
ing of September 21st, and was ordered to sustain some 
regulars who were said to be attacking a fort at one 
end of the city. When I arrived in point-blank musket 
shot of the fort, no regulars were visible. They had filed 
to the left and taken shelter behind some houses, so 
that my command was left exposed to the most deadly 
discharge of artillery and musketry that was ever 
poured upon a set of men. F'or a moment it had a most 
terrifying effect, for they were thro\Mi into cousterna- 


tion and confusion until I rallied them and brought 
them to the charge, and they bore the fight with won- 
derful courage, rushing upon the fort and taking it at 
the point of the bayonet. It was most gallantly done. 
The Mississippi Eegiment sustained mine most gal- 
lantly in the charge. My regiment suffered far more 
severely than any other, and it was a miracle that I was 
not killed, as I rode along the line encouraging the men 
during all the action, and was all day on hoi-seback in 
uniform, with my red sash around me — a most conspic- 
uous mark for the enemy, and was far more exposed to 
the shots and the fire than those on foot — but the hand 
of Providence shielded me from the killing shots of the 

Perhaps no charge in the history of the American 
wars has contributed so much to render the gallantry of 
Tennessee's citizen soldiery illustrious, as that which 
was led by Colonel Campbell at Monterey, and the form 
of his command to charge, ''Boys, follow me!" gives 
to Tennessee heroism one of its historic phrases. His 
gallant conduct at the head of his regiment won for 
that unsurpassed body of troops the sobriquet of "The 
Bloody Fii-st." The troops which he commanded in 
that desperate action were without experience and 
almost without drill. Their arms and equipments were 
poor. It was their first test of battle. Their advance 
was against a rampart whose deadly eruption had just 
driven back the veterans of Twig^'s brigade like leaves 
before the wind ; and their way was over the bodies of 
the slain. Yet they passed on up to and upon the 
enemy's redoubt, driving before them a foe a moment 
before flushed with victory, and restoring the fortunes 
of the day. 

On the march from Monterey to Tampico, General 
TaAior received dispatches which caused his return to 
Monterey, and Colonel Campbell was left in command 
of a brigade, which position he continued to fill until 
after the occupation of Victoria, December 29, 1!^46. 
From Victoria the First Tennessee was marched to 
Tampico on the gulf; and thence transported to Vera 
Cruz under General Scott. This stronghold was cap- 
tured with a loss of i)erhaps less than fifty men, but the 


First Tennessee and its Colonel performed their part 
in the watches and lahors of the siege, he being asso- 
ciated e.specially with Capt. Robert E. Ix^e in the con- 
struction of an important marine battery, the nearest 
to the city of all the American works. 

After the surrender of Vera Cruz, Colonel Campbell's 
regiment marched with the army into the interior, and 
participated in the battle of Cerio Gordo on the ISth of 
April, 1847. In this action Colonel Campbell was again 
placed in command of a brigade, consisting of a Penn- 
sylvania regiment and his own. His gallant bearing 
in this engagement elicited a high compliment from 
General Scott, delivered upon the ground, by his acting 
aid, Lieut. George B. McClellan. "General Scott," said 
Lieutenant McClellan, when he had announced the sur- 
render of the enemy, "sends his compliments to Colonel 
Campbell. lie understands his regiment is in fine fight- 
ing condition, and that he is at his old tricks again." 

On another occa^sion, General Scott, sjMiaking to a 
member of his staff, said of Campbell : "Sir, I envy him 
his part at Monterey ; he is truly worthy of the respect 
and love of every soldier in the army." This was the 
last engagement in which Colonel Campbell and his 
men participated. The regiment had been mustered 
into service for one year, and was sent home to be mus- 
tered out of service. Colonel Campbell had the pleasure 
of being able to say of his regiment that it had never 
failed in any emergency; but that it maintained to the the high character it had won at Monterey. 

No regimental commander in the American Array 
enjoyed in a higher degree the respect and confidence of 
his brother officers, or the love and reverence of his men, 
than Colonel Campbell of the Fii-st Tennessee, famil- 
iarly known in army parlance as "the Bloody First." 
He was to be distinguished from many other officers 
of e(]ual but not higher reputation for gallantry, by the 
dignity, magnanimity and kindness of his bearing, and 
by the perfect purity of his character. This latter 
characteristic, ix?rhaps more than any other, contrib- 
uted to create in the minds of his subordinate officers 
and men that profound res])ect with which they ever 
regarded their commander. He loved his regiment and 


was as jealous of its honor as of bis o^^'U, and perhaps 
more jealous of its rights. This feeling was well under- 
stood and fullv reciprocated by bis command. llis 
popularity with his ofiicers and men was unsurpassed 
by that of any oflicer of like grade. „.,,. th^ 

Jsearlv a score of years after the close of the war the 
old soldiers were invited to a reunion of the "Hlo(.a\ 
First" at his residence, '-Campbell,'; near U'banon. 
Tenn A reporter gave the papers at the time the lol- 
lowing incident characteristic of the man : "One mci- 
dent occurred which we must not omit to mention or 
one which shows the magnanimity of Co onel |-/"n'bell 
and the high esteem in which he should be held for his 
noble sacrifice of personal and political feelings to a 
sense of justice and true merit. Captain Bennett arose 
and called attention to the fact that many gallant 
spirits were absent, among whom was one distinguished 
at Monterey; a gallant gentleman, a lennessean by 
birth, education and feeling; and though not a mem 
ber of the "Bloody First," yet he was always found gen- 
erous and chivalrous; he meant the gallant Bailey 
Peyton, and proposed that they drink to his health. 
Governor Campbell begged to be i^ermitted to ofter an 
amendment. He said there was another gallant son of 
Sumner that he wanted to see toasted in eonnec ion 
with the heroic Peyton, to wit: Governor ^^'Hi'^^i 
Trousdale (cheers and applause), a»^^' ^'^"tinued Gov^ 
ernor Campbell, a more gallant and brave man has 
lived in no age or country than William Trousdale, of 
Sumner County; and he proposed that the company 
H^ and drink to Peyton and Trousdale, ^^l^en it is 
knoNvu that Governor Trousdale and Governor Camp- 
bell have not spoken to each other for years, a"d Uiat a 
bitter and personal feeling existed between them, too 
much admiration cannot be bestowed upon the niagnan^ 
Unity of Governor Campbell for this noble forgetfulness 
oTi^rsonal feeling and of personal dUTerences on an 
occasion when he could pay a just compliment to a dis- 
tineuished patriot, warrior and statesman. 

Colonel Campbell returned from Mexico m the sum- 
mer of 1847. During the session of the Legislature in 
1847 and 1848, he was elected, by a unanimous vote. 


Judge of the Circuit Court in the circuit of his resi- 
dence. His predecessor in tliis place was Judge Abra- 
ham Caruthers, who retired from the b<mch to establish 
the law school in Cuml)erland University. He held 
this place on the bench for several years, and discharged 
the duties of the office with dignity, wisdom and energy. 
His decisions and statements of'law^ were marked by 
great clearness, impartiality and soundness. 

In 1851 he was by acclamation nominated as the Whig 
candidate for Governor, the position being urged upon 
him on the ground that he was the only man in the 
party who could make a successful canvass. Upon his 
nomination, Hon. Meredith P. Gentry, who had served 
with him in the I^egislature and many years in Con- 
gress, in a speech delivered before the Whig convention, 
at Nashville, March 20, 1851, said : ''Although Tennes- 
see is rich in noble sons, though like the mother of the 
Gracchi, she can proudly point to her children, and say 
with truth, 'These are my jewels;' yet, in my opinion, 
she has not within her limits a nobler son than William 
B. Campbell. In integrity and honor, in fidelity and 
truth, in courage and patriotism, in all that constitutes 
a high, noble and manly character he has no superior." 

In his acceptance of the nomination, he gave the key 
to his political faith, saying: "1 accept vsith a pledge 
to my friends of a heart devoted to the Union of these 
United States, and to the honor and prosperity of my 
native State." 

He was elected over Governor William Trousdale, the 
most powerful and influential man of his party at the 
time. A writer in the Xashville American of November 
7, 1879, speaking of this canvass, said : *'The Whigs, 
although they had opposed the measures which led to 
the Mexican War, had the good luck to furnish some of 
the best and most successful fighting material in carry- 
ing it on and achieving victory. William B. Campbell 
had led 'the Bloody First' up to and over into 'the 
Black Fort' at Monterey. No braver or more brilliant 
piece of work of that sort has ever been done in any 
array. It caused the world to talk of Tennesseans, as 
they had done of Coffee and Carroll's famous riflemen at 
New Orleans. This made him the hero of the hour. So 


the Whigs nouiinated him for Governor. The Deino- 
crats had no trner man, or better warrior, than William 
Trousdale, so they determined to beat Campbell with 
him. Eoth men were the highest types of daring and 
chivalric bearing. Neither one was much of a sjx'aker. 
The canvass was a dull and spiritless affair so far as the 
speaking was concerned, yet the great popularity of the 
men and the fjucstions of the hour created unusual 
interest. In any army of the world either of these men 
would have been a leader. Their courage was sublime. 
Their integrity was the pride of the State. Campbell 
was a solid man, cool and imperturbable in the hail- 
storm of death in the streets of Monterey, as he ever 
was on the bench, or in the private walks of life or 
behind his bank counter in the town of Lebanon. No 
man in the State ever stood higher than he in the hearts 
of the })eople since the days of Jackson. At the begin- 
ning of the late war he was offered any position. If 
he had been so minded he would have entered the war 
on the Southern side high up in rank and power. His 
popularity survived the war. After it he worked hard 
for the amelioration of the condition of a disfranchised 
and oppres.sed people. Trousdale was more after the 
Jacksonian model than any of his contemporaries. Two 
gamer cocks were never pitted against each other. 
There was no treading on toes in that canvass. Camp- 
bell won. Dark indeed would have been the day for 
Andrew Johnson if Campbell, with his tremendous 
popularity, had desired or had obtained the nomination 
of the WTiig convention for the next race. His military 
reputation would have been too big a load for the 
brawny shoulders of the Democratic nominee." 

Governor Campbell performed the duties which de- 
volved upon the highest executive ofBcer of the State 
with great satisfaction to all parties. At the close of 
this term he was urgently pressed to become a candidate 
for a second terra, but he declined to do so, and volun- 
tarily retiring from politics, occupied his time for a 
number of years before the Civil War in attention to 
his private affairs, for a while being a meml>er of a firm 
of cotton merchants in New Orleans, but finally he was 
engaged in conducting, as president, the affairs of the 


Bank of Middle Tennessee, at I^banon, to which point 
he removed his family from Carthage in 1853. 

He determined at this time never again to enter in 
the political conflicts of the day, which determination 
he adhered to, until the unfoi-eseen and unexpected 
events of 1861 again forced him from his retirement to 
a i)articipation in political affairs. 

In the presidential canvass of 1800, Governor Camp- 
bell supported Bell and Everett. In 1801 he canvassed 
the State in opposition to secession. His early opinions 
and his far-seeing statesmanship are best shown in a 
letter written by him to Hon. A. C. Beard, of Alabama, 
March 16, 1861, in answer to one urging him to give his 
influence to the Southern cause. In this he said: "But 
this Soutliern Confederacy can never become a first-rate 
power. It will never rise above the dignity of a third- 
rate power, and with no protection of guaranty from 
the gi'eat Northern Government, and with no sympathy 
of the great powers of the earth, she, the South, must 
ever be a prey to other nations, and ever be regarded 
with contempt by them. . . . But so sure as a big 
war occurs between the North and South (and that it 
will occur so soon as all hope of reunion shall cease to 
exist no one doubts), then will peace be made at the 
expense of negro slavery. . . . The people of the 
South have been duped and deceived by their leaders, 
and they may reap the whirlwind before an adjustment. 
The whole move was wrong, and the South ought at 
once to retrace their steps. It will be ruinous to the 
South if they do not. I have done all I could to pre- 
serve peace, to prevent war, and I shall continue my 
humble efforts to prevent a conflict, . . . But I have 
no hope that peace can be maintained very long. Many 
questions will soon arise that will bring about a conflict. 
I shall deeply regret to see such a result, but when it 
comes I shall be actuated by the same feelings which 
actuate you of the South, and shall stand by Tennessee 
and the Union." 

Among those who continued faithful to the Constitu- 
tion throughout the great struggle, no one was more 
prominent than he. From first to last his efforts were 
directed to the preservation of the rights and mitiga- 


tions of the w rongs of the Southern States and ix^jple. 
Conversaut with the politics of the country, and enjoy- 
ing the acquaintance, and to an unusual degree, the 
confidence of many of the statesmen and public men of 
the North and South, he found frequent opportunities, 
in the exercise of his rare conversational powere, and 
the exertion of his high social influence, to afl'ect the 
shape and direction of intelligent i)ub]ic opinion. In 
his visits to the National Capital and other prominent 
cities, and in his frequent intercourse with public men 
and oflScial persons, in civil life and in the army, his em- 
ployment in this direction in the service of the suffering 
people of his own and other Southern States was unre- 
mitting. Those who, like himself, were familiar with 
the times, and with the associations in which he min- 
gled, will better understand than those unused to public 
life as it was during the war, the importance of this 
service. Though by the modesty of his disposition he 
was indisposed to public demonstrations savoring of 
personal ostentation, yet whenever to him it seemed 
that the interest, and esi)ecially the protection, of 
his people demanded it, he did not shrink from speak- 
ing out in the most public manner, or assuming the most 
public position of responsibility. Uaving an estab- 
lished reputation as a soldier and statesman, his influ- 
ence and weight were sought by the Confederate author- 
ities as being all-powerful and controlling. He was 
tendered the command of all the forces raised, and to be 
raised, in Tennessee in aid of their cause, but he declined 
firmly, but in terms of prudence. 

In May, 1862, he was unanimously elected to preside 
over a convention or massmeeting of citizens called 
together from various counties of the State, and which 
assembled at Nashville. Among those present and 
participating in this meeting were Edmund Cooi)er, 
Jordan Stoke.s, Russell Houston, Allen A. Hall, E. H. 
East and Bailey Peyton. The spirit of that meeting 
was in unison with his own conservative views, partak- 
ing not in the slightest degree of the radicalism which 
afterwards crept in, to cast a cloud of dishonor upon 
the name of Tnionism. The result of this meeting was 
the ai)pointment of a committee which prepared an 


address 1o the j)oo]»le of Tennessee, kindly and fraternal 
in its tone, and urging: a restoration of the former rela- 
tions of the State to the Federal Union. 

In the fall, however, of this year (1SG2), the President 
of the United States issued a proclamation clearly indi- 
cating a sudden and decided change of policy; and 
boldly avowing the determination of the administration 
to repudiate at an early day tixed, the solemn pledges 
of Congress and the Executive, made to the country 
during the previous year, and reiterated to the people 
of Tennessee during the year then current. This warn- 
ing was coupled with a condition that if the people of 
the revolted section should by January 1, 1863, lay 
down their arms, the threatened military penalty should 
be withheld. The result is known. The emancipation 
proclamation of January 1, 1863, resulted. This was 
another sore trial to the Union men of the South. They 
had been so greatly misunderstood by their own people 
that many of them were even then in exile from their 
homes. They had relied upon the pledges of the Nation 
and repeated them to their people. Their own course, 
was now rendered doubly diflScult. They considered 
themselves betrayed ; and if there had remained once a 
question of loyalty to the administration, they were at 
liberty, without dishonor, to join themselves to the 
SoutheiTi Confederacy. But their loyalty was to the 
Constitution, and there remained with .them a powerful 
party in the Northern and non-seceding Southern 
States, ready to join as they did, in a steady and per- 
sistent resistance to the encroachments of the military 
power upon the rights of the States, and though remain- 
ing loyal to the Union, they continued their opix)sition 
to the unconstitutional policy of the President and his 

Governor Campbell himself had accepted the office of 
Brigadier General in the Federal Army on July 23, 
1862, with the understanding that he would not be 
assigned to active duty in the field; and when the com- 
mission was offered him, he had reason to hope from 
circumstances connected with the offer, that he might 
be assigned to some position that would enable him to 
act as mediator between the government he felt bound 


to support and the people whom he loved. He the 
piore strongly indulged this hope, because the author- 
ities knew that at that particular juncture he was suf- 
fering from a very painful malady, which forl.ade his 
doing active service. When he found this hope delusive 
he offered his resignation (September, 1802), for he had 
long before resolved that, let his people be right or 
wrong, he would never draw the SAvord against th.em. 
Every act of his was for conciliation and amelioration. 
Whatever he was able to do to relieve the sufferings of 
his people, or to bring about release from prison, he 
did with cheerful alacrity, refusing all fee and reward; 
whatever influence he was able to exert in bringing them 
back to their allegiance to the Union, he did simplv 
as a patriot whose life was wrapped up in the pros- 
perity of his country. No military honor could have 
allured him into either army. His only aspiiations 
were those of r)eacemaker; and no more difficult position 
than that he proposed as mediator in such an hour of can be conceived, none but the strongest char- 
acter could have maintained it to the end. As a states- 
man he could not give his aid to the South. As a man 
he could not tear from his heart the people he so deeply 
loved. He remained true to both head and heart, 
pleaded for the Union and was kind in a thousand ways 
to the individuals in rebellion. It is refreshing in the 
midst of historical research to pause over a chaiacter 
such as this, in which patriotism of the noblest Koiuan 
type, dauntless and self-sacrificing, full of heroism and 
modesty and devotion to truth and liberty, lights with 
steady flame the surrounding conflict where passion, 
prejudice and exi)ediency rule the hour. 

In 1864 the time arrived for another presidential 
canvass and election. Gc^rnor Campbell had been 
favorably mentioned in cor Vtion with the Vice-Presi- 
dency on the Democratic \et, and Dr. Draper, the 
historian, a Northern mr \ting of him in this con- 

nection in 1863, said : *' always been a conserva- 

tive in politics; kind, r , .<tring, yet firm and gentle- 
manly; the very soul ^1 honor, and never guiltv of an 
unworthy habit or a mean action. He is well fiUed by 
long and varied experience in public life, and by the 


jfurity of his character, to serve his country as Vice- 
President, and would undoubtedly add strength to the 
Democratic ticket, if placed upon it." 

He had identified himself politically with the Demo- 
cratic party, and in connection with Hon. Henry 
Cooper, Hon. T. A. R. Nelson, Hon. Bailey Peyton, and 
others, an Electoral ticket favoring the election of Gen. 
George B. McClellan to the Presidency wa.s presented 
to the voters of Tennes.see. This ticket was headed 
by the name of Governor Campbell as one of the 
electors for the State at large. Stringent orders 
regulating the mode in which the election should 
he held, as well as restricting the qualifications 
of the voters, had just been issued by authority of the 
Military Governor, Andrew Johnson, and Governor 
Campbell was outspoken in his condemnation of them. 
This caused an estrangement between Governor Johnson 
and Governor Campbell, and failing to procure a modi- 
fication of the orders, which Governor Campbell felt 
was due to him and his friends, the Electoral ticket 
headed by his name was withdrawn. 

He was a candidate for the Thirty-ninth Congress, 
and was elected by a large majority in August, 1SG5, 
from the fifth district. In the canvass which so termi- 
nated, while as yet the war was not formally ended by 
Presidential proclamation, but after the Southern 
forces had all been disbanded, Governor Campbell as 
firmly as ever maintained the si and he had taken from 
the very first, in opposition to all measures or schemes 
of disfranchisement, confiscation or oppression of any 
portion of the Southern people; and in favor of the 
most liberal amnesty, and the restoration of the Union 
as it had been before the war, with all ''the dignity, 
equality and rights of the several States unimpaired." 

The following, in reference to this period, is from a 
manuscript article by the Hon. Edmund Cooper : "I was 
elected to the same Congress from the fourth district 
without opposition. I left for Washington, September, 
18G5, summoned there by the President. Governor 
Campbell readied Washington about the first of Decem- 
ber, 18G5. The Senators and Representatives from 
Tennessee were promptly recognized as such by the 


Executive Department of the Government of the United 
States, but were refused admission by Congress, 
although admitted to its legislative halls. Governor 
Campbell, with other members of the delegation, felt 
keenly this i-efusal, and freely expressed their opinions. 
Some of the Kejiresentatives returned home; but the 
contest between the President and Congress, touching 
the proj)er legislation to be enacted towards the Slates 
lately in insurrection and rebellion, aroused his anxiety, 
and he remained at Washington watching the struggle. 
It was during this time that Governor Campbell became 
reconciled with the President, and gave to him in fre- 
quent consultations, the benefit of his practical wisdom 
and sound judgment. 

"During the latter part of June, 1866, the Senators 
and Eepresentatives from the State of Tennessee were 
admitted as members of the Thirty-ninth Congress, and 
from that time Governor Campbell gave to the admin- 
istration of Mr. Johnson an unwavering support, and 
he was frequently sent for by the President for con- 
sultation. . . . 

"Governor Campbell, as a Repre.sentative in this 
Congress, at once took a prominent position in the 
House, and his capacity, energy and devotion to business 
were promptly recognized by the Speaker, who placed 
him on leading committees. He made reputation and 
character as a safe and reliable member of Congress." 

This was his last public service, his death occurring 
at his home, near Lebanon, Tennessee, August 19, 1867. 
His wife died previously, March 22, 1864. They are 
buried in Cedar Grove Cemetery, at Lebanon, Tennessee. 

Governor Campbell left a family of seven children. 
They are: Mary O., wife of Kev. D. C. Kelley; Mar- 
garet H., wife of James S. Pilcher; Fanny A., wife of 
J. W. Bonner, all of Nashville; William B., since 
deceased; Joseph A. and J. Owen Campbell, of Txib- 
anon, and Lemuel R. Campbell, of Nashville. 

William B. Campbell is known in the history of the 
State as a soldier and statesman. After Jackson, he 
was Tennessee's best soldier; as brave as Jackson, he 
was always self-controlled and insensible of danger. 
In political life he was distinguished as a sensible, 


honest, clear-lieaded statesman of a high order; studi- 
ous, calm, judicious and far-seeing. He had eminently 
a judicial mind in contrast with that of the advocate. 
He was a man of great moderation and sincerity; a 
conservative man, and a Whig in the best sense of that 
historical term. He was not an orator nor a politician 
in the usual or bad sense. He was plain, sensible, 
sincere in all his public sjx^eches l>efore the people. 
He was not an olfice seeker. Ix^ve of country, of his 
whole country, controlled him throughout his public 
life, and in his secret heart. He had a high self-i^espect 
and a great pride of character, placed a high value upon 
the good will and respect of his fellow men ; was ambi- 
tious and desired the approbation of the public; was 
civil, courteous, gracious and courtly in his 
with his fellow citi/^ens, and had something of the patri- 
cian in bis character. He understood and had made 
Washington his model, his ideal of the great and good 
and wise man, wa« greatly influenced by his example in 
his own life, and was, therefore, in good faith an old-line 
Whig, himself personally courageou.s, but politically of 
a party in belief wholly defensive. That he always dis- 
charged his duties with fidelity and ability is shown by 
the fact that he was never defeated when a candidate, 
and by the oft-repeated and long-continued manifesta- 
tions of public trust and confidence reposed in him. 

A native of Tennessee, a home-bred, self-made, genuine 
Tennessee American of the type of Washington, he 
deserves a high place in the gallery of the worthies of 
the State of Tennessee. He was a solid and not a sur- 
face man. It requires more time and thought, reflec- 
tion and patience, to appreciate the virtues of such a 
man than is ordinarily given to the subject. He per- 
formed the duties of the lawyer, attorney general, judge. 
Congressman, Governor of his State, citizen and 
man. While living and acting, he was respected and 
esteemed by every man ; and by all who knew him and 
were brought near to him, his character was felt. He 
was well-deve^oj)ed physically, mentally and morally, 
and a noble sj)ecimen of manhood. In stature he 
was six feet <all, finely formed, deep-chested, broad- 
shouldered and erect, yet easy and free, with a well- 


formed head, well set on his shoulders, a handsome face, 
hair of a light brown, and eyes of a bright blue — expres- 
sive and benevolent. He was a man in whom one 
might and would confide and feel that he would 
certainly do to trust in i>eace and war. His voice 
was smooth, of moderate tone, rather than loud — 
a soft, i)ersuasive, friendly voice; yet there was in his 
firm face, air, bearing and form, great strength and 
power capable of passion, energy and wrath. He was 
one whom it was dangerous to arouse; one who could, 
and would, and did, conmiaud when the occasion re- 
quired it; one who could face the cannon's mouth with 
perfect presence of mind and self-control, 

A distinguished trait of mind with him was the pos- 
session of a sound, safe, clear and almost unerring judg- 
ment. He had a very accurate knowledge of human 
nature, saw things as they really were, and knew the 
good and bad qualities of a man. He had a well- 
cultured, practical mind, and was a man of determined 
will and untiring energy. 

His moral sense was another distinguishing trait of 
his character. He was always a m<an earnestly devoted 
to moral principle, and governed his conduct by a high 
sense of justice. He professed religion at his home 
and joined the Methodist Church in March, 1855. His 
ideal of a Christian had always been very high, and 
refusing to recognize himself as meeting his own stand- 
ard, he ever placed a low estimate upon his own Chris- 
tian attainments. Such was his intense repugnance to 
all parade in matters of religion, that it was only in 
the private circle that he gave voice to his devotional 
feelings. But around the family altar his soul poured 
out its full pathos in pleadings with God for forgive- 
ness and wisdom. Perhaps at times too quick to see 
and too severe in his censure of wrong in another, still 
more quick and severe were his repentance and self- 
condemnation when he felt that he had wounded or 

Governor Neill S. Brown, speaking of his death in 
August. 1807, said : "\Miile as a sincere friend I moura 
his death with unaffected grief, I rejoice in the belief 
of his moral purity. He may be said to have spent the 


prime of his manhood in the public service, and he 
escai>ed in a remarkable degree the censures and criti- 
cisms incident to public station, 'i'his was the result of 
his stern, inflexible integrity — his truthfulness and un- 
tiring devotion to his dutie.s. He was a positive man, 
and without disguise. While his opinions were fixed 
and well known, he was tolei'ant towards others who 
dilTered with him. In short, he was a model man, and 
I would hold him up for the imitation of the young 
men of the State. He was one of a class of men that a 
few years ago controlled the destinies of Tennessee." 

Simple, truthful, combative, resolute and fearless in 
the di.scharge of every trust, William B. Campbell is one 
of the most interesting characters of the period in which 
he lived. He appears to have been guided by an ambi- 
tion of the most generous kind, and a public spirit of 
which in our degenerate, money-loving days, we have 
few examples. "In studying the lives of the somewhat 
statuesque heroes of our earlier history, one is impressed 
by nothing so much as their incorruptibility, their supe- 
riority to the ordinary temptations of public life. 
Partly this was due, no doubt, to the circumstances in 
which they lived — the remoteness of the country from 
the great centers of luxury and corruption, the influence 
of the hardships of pioneer life in the wilderness, and 
the enfoi'ced self-denial and self-sacrifice made neces- 
sary by their surroundings. But whatever the cause, 
when we approach the men of that time, it is with a 
feeling of surprise and veneration. Plutarch's men, if 
we can imagine those heroes Christians, and accustomed 
to h-ahcas corpus and the bill of rights, seem to tread 
the stage again, and to be engaged in the performance 
of one of those mighty dramas that now and then his- 
tory provides as if to remind the race of the mighty 
heights to which human nature is capable of rising, and 
the traditions of which are, after all, the most priceless 
possessions that it inherits from the past." 


Record op ''Bloody First" at Monterey, Vera Cruz 
AND Ckrro Gordo, Mexico. 

This article was published in the Nashville Banner, 
November 20, 1890 : 

''The second Tennessee regiment which is designated 
as the First Avas that gallant band of over 1,000 patri- 
ots who responded to the call of their country and 
volunteered to invade Mexico, and which is now known 
to history as the 'Bloody First,' a name won at Mon- 
terey, where the men showed such gallantry and did 
such effective work. This regiment was made up of 
Middle Tennesseans, and was led by Col. William B. 
Campbell, as gallant a soldier, as brave a man as ever 
took up arms in defense of his country. Colonel Camp- 
bell had taken part in the Florida war as a Captain in 
the Second Tennessee Regiment. He was, after the 
Mexican campaign, made Governor of the State, and 
his administration was marked with the same degree 
of distinguished ability he had shown on the battlefields. 


"The wair with Mexico had scarce been on eighteen 
months when Tennessee, the old Volunteer State, was 
called upon for her quota of troops to sustain the 
nation's honor. 

"Aaron V. Brown, then occupying the executive chair, 
was informally asked by General Gaines, then in com- 
mand at New Orleans* for three battalions of eight 
hundred men each. Governor Brown, feeling assured 
that the call would be made in a more authentic manner, 
only made the request of General Gaines the occasion 
to issue his proclamation, calling upon citizens to be 
ready to meet the expected call. Here, again, Tennes- 
seans showed their patriotism and valor. The procla- 
mation called forth all of the spirit of chivalry which 
the State was and is so justly famed. The country- 
sides teemed with militarism, and it soon became diffi- 
cult to even purchase a place in the ranks. 


"It was but a short while before the authentic call 
was issued by the War Department for three full regi- 
ments, two of infantry and one of cavalry, numbering, 
all told, 2,800 men. 

''The patriotic sons of the Volunteer State responded 
in such numbers to the call that they more than ten 
times outnumbered the requisition ; instead of 3,000, 
nearly :>0,0(IO volunteers responded. In this situation 
some mode of choice was needed, and the ballot was 
resorted to as the most equitable manner of deciding 
which companies should go to war. 

"As soon as it was decided what companies were 
selected, they wei-e notified to march without delay to 
the place of rendezvous, where the proper oflScers were 
waiting to muster them into the service of the United 

"In accordance with these orders, twelve companies, 
making up the First Regiment, arrived in Nashville, 
June 1, 184G, and were eucami)ed at Camp Taylor, two 
miles below Nashville, no doubt near the place where 
Colonel Childer's gallant First Regiment was encamped 
before it departed for the Philippines. 


"The 'Bloody First' was made up of companies com- 
manded by Captain Cheatham, of Davidson County ; 
Captain Foster, of Davidson County; Captain Ander- 
son, of Sumner; Captain McMurry, of Smith ; Captain 
Walton, of Smith; Captain Northcutt, of Warren; 
Captain Mauldin. of Marshall ; Captain Friei-son, of 
Bedford; Captain Buchanan, of Lincoln; Captain 
ViTiitfield, of Hickman, and Captain Alexander, of 

"In those days there evidently was not so much red 
tape in mustering in soldiers, for by June 3d every 
company had been mustered in and had drawn the arms 
and accoutrements requisite for infantry. Governor 
Brown determined to form the twelve companies into 
one regiment, and issued an order commanding the 
troops to elect officers, which they did on the morning 
of June 3d. This election i-esulted as follows : Colonel, 


Willicam B. Campbell, of Smith County; Lientenant- 
Colouel, Capt. S. E. Audei-son, of Sumner; Majoi-s, 
R. Alexander, of Sumner, and Robert Farqubarson, of 

"W. M. Blackmore was elected Captain of the Sumner 
Count}' company in place of Captain Anderson, made 

^'Colonel Campbell appointed the following staff 
officers: Adjutant, A. Heiman; Sergeant-Major, W. B. 
Allen; Surgeon, Dr. McPhail; Assistant Surgeons, 
W. D. Dorris and F. J. Robertson ; Assistant Quarter- 
master, G. V. Hebb. 


"In the afternoon of June3d the regiment, fully organ- 
ized, marched into the city and was presented with a 
beautiful flag made by the young ladies of the Nashville 
Female Academy. This incident was another evidence 
that the women of Tennessee have always been patriotic, 
and this love for the soldier boy and noble spirit of 
patriotism still live^, for all remember the many pretty 
incidents of flag presentations which helped to cheer 
the boys of the present First on their journey across the 
sea, which took place while they were encamped at Cen- 
tennial and Cherokee Parks. 

"The banner pi-esented to the boys of the 'Bloody 
First' is described as being a silk one, bearing the device 
of an eagle on an azure field and this motto: 'Weeping 
in solitude for the fallen brave is better than the pres- 
ence of men too timid to strike for their country.' 

"The banner was presented to the Colonel command- 
ant by the hands of Miss Iraie M. Taylor in the name 
of the senior class. 

"Dr. C. D. Elliott delivered an address, and Colonel 
Campbell responded. 

"On June 4,1846,the first detachment, four companies, 
under command of Lieut.-Col. Anderson, embarked on 
transports for New Orleans. The others followed on 
the 5th and 6th, and all an-ived in New Orleans on the 
11th, 12th and V^th of June. 

"The regiment, after a short stay in New Orleans, 


where lliey wei-e royally entertained, embarked on a 
transport for the seat of war. 


"Much has been published about the 'Bloody First' 
and its victories in Mexico, but the stoi-y told by Col. 
William B. Campbell in letters to his wife, written 
from the scene of war, and from which this historical 
sketch is culled, has never before been printed. These 
letters are in the iwssession of Colonel Campbell's 
daughter, Mrs. James S. Pilcher, of this city. 

'The excerpts from the letters are not given verbatim, 
but the facts are all taken from them in such manner 
as to make a connected story of the campaign. 

"Hostilities began between the United States and 
Mexico on April 25, 184G, and the First Tennessee Regi- 
ment, commanded by Colonel Campbell, was the first 
of the tAvelve-mouths volunteers to report at Mata- 

''The Colonel Harney, the ship on which the regiment 
left New Orleans, ran aground five miles from Point 
Isabel, and had to be abandoned. The men were taken 
off in life boats, the Colonel being the last to leave the 
foundered ship. 


"The regiment went into camp on Bray.os Island, and 
Major Alexander was immediately dispatched to report 
to General Taylor that the First was ready for march- 
ing orders, which they received on the 7th of July. 
They immediately marched to Soneta, near Matamoras. 
While here quite a numl^er of the men were ill with 
fever, caused by bad water. Among the sick was Capt. 
William B. Walton, the youngest Captain in the 

"From Matamoras the regiment was ordered to 
Comago, where it remained until September 7th, when 
Colonll Campbell, with five hundred picked men, was 
ordered to march to Monterey to join General Taylor's 


command. Many sick were left behind at Comago and 

"Early on the morning of September 21, 1846, Gen. 
Zack Taylor, with a command of six thousand men, 
regulars and volunteers, began the attack upon the city 
and fortresses at Monterey. 

"The city was well fortified and the Mexican troops 
made a gallant defense. The engagement was a desi)er- 
ate one, and continued all day. A portion of the city 
and one important fort were captured. 

"The First Tennessee charged this fort upon the left, 
and the First Mississippi on the right. It wa-s captured 
at the point of the bayonet after a brave charge, the 
First Tennessee being the first men upon the walls of 
the fort. A participant in the battle .said there never 
was such a destructive fire poured upon soldiers as was 
kept up for some time; they were literally mowed 
down by shot and shell like grass before a scythe; still, 
they marched to the charge and took the fort, though 
one-fourth of the men had been cut do^\^l before reach- 
ing it. Of the 350 members of the regiment in this 
engagement, twenty-six were killed and seventy 

"Among those killed were James H. Allison, of Nash- 
ville; Capt. W. B. Allen, and Lieut. Silas M. Putnam. 
Of the wounded were Major Alexander, of Dixon 
Springs ; Lieut. James L. Scudder, and Sergts. Joseph C. 
Allen and George Dixon. 


"The fighting continued on the 22d and 23d in a 
desultory manner, the enemy firing upon the United 
States troops from housetops and behind stone walls. 

"On the 24th, General Ampudia hoisted the white 
flag and asked for a cessation of hostilities. A confer- 
ence with General Taylor was arranged. This con- 
tinued until midnight, resulting in an armistice for 
eight weeks, with an agreement that General Ampudia 
should march off with his army; that the men should 
retain their small arms, but all public property, ord- 
nances and munitions of war, must remain in the hands 
of the I'nited States Armv. 


"GencM-al Anipudia was given seven days to evacuate 
the city. The men of the First Tennessee Kegiment 
were not pleased with the terms of the surrender, be- 
cause tliey tliouglit General Taylor's command could 
have taken Ihe whole army and everything in the city. 

''The regiment received the highest commendations 
from General Taylor for the great courage shown in the 
attack upon the fort on the 21st, it having suffered more 
than any other regiment in killed and wounded in the 

''Col. Bailey Peyton, of Gallatin, acted as volunteer 
aide to General Worth during the battle of Monterey, 
and was greatly complimented on his gallantry on that 

"The First remained at Camp Allen, five miles from 
Monterey, until December 14th, when they marched to 
Montemorales, General Quitman's brigade having been 
ordered to join General Taylor at that place. 

"At this time General Quitman was commanding a 
division, and Colonel Campbell a brigade composed of 
the first and Second Tennessee Regiments; Colonel 
Jackson, of Georgia, a brigade composed of one Georgia 
and one Mississippi regiment, the Baltimore battery 
and Lieutenant Thomas, with four guns. With this 
force, amounting to about 2,500 men. General Quitman 
ca})tured the town of Victoria, the capital of Toman- 
lepa.s, a beautiful little city at the foot of the mountains. 

"On January IHth the regiment marched to Tampico, 
and arrived there after eleven days. General Pillow then 
being in command of his brigade after an absence on 
account of illness. The march from Monterey to Tam- 
pico wa5 about four hundred miles, through a dry, 
dusty, tropical region, and was very trying on the 

"They were encamped a few miles from Tampico, at 
Camp Laguna de Puerto, in a beautiful country, which 
they enjoyed greatly after their long, fatigueing march. 

"After being at Tampico for a month, the First Ten- 
nessee Regiment embarked for Vera Cruz, which was 
besieged by the United States troops, the four companies 
of Captains Walton, Foster, Bennett and Mauldin going 
on the ship Jubilee: Colonel Campbell, with Captains 


Cheatham. Blackinore, Frierson, McMiiiTey, Noitlioutt, 
Whitfield and Allen's companies, on the Alahama. 
At this time Ihe regiment had been reduced from eleven 
full companies to seven, the list of killed, wounded and 
sick being large. 

"General Patterson commanded the division. They 
arrived at Anton Lagardo Bay on March 4, 1847. and 
anchored alumt eijiht miles from the city of \'era Cruz. 
\A'hile here they received the news of General Taylor's 
victory over Santa Anna at Saltillo. Taylor had 6,000 
men and Santa Anna 10,000. The Mexicans retired 
with a heavy loss, and quite a number of General Tay- 
lor's soldiers were killed and wounded. 

"AATien the First Tennessee arrived they found about 
seventy Acssels filled with tioops at anchor in the bay 
before Vera Cruz. Everything presented a most mili- 
tary appearance as they sailed past the city. The 
foritfied castle of St. Juan de Ulloa was in sight and 
presented a formidable appearance. It was just in 
front of the city, completely protecting the harbor. 

"General Scott arrived on the 5th and took command 
of the troops. Generals \A"orth, Twiggs, Patterson, 
Quitman, Shields and Pillow, with their commands, 
were waiting for orders to land. In all, there were 
about 10.000 United States soldiers before the city, 
exjjccting a severe fight upon the landing. 

"The whole army landed on the evening of the 0th, 
about three miles south of the city. The firing liegan 
immediately upon the landing of the troops. It was 
very severe on both sides, and continued until the 25th, 
when the Mexicans sent out a flag of truce. It was only 
to ask for a cessation of hostilities until they could bury 
their dead and to get permission for the women and 
children to leave the city. This was granted, after 
which the artillery began with a furious shower of 
bombshells upon the town and castle, which had an 
awful effect. By daylight on the morning of the 26th 
another flag of truce was sent out, proposing a sur- 

"Negotiations were opened, which lasted several 
hours, when the capitulation was concluded. The city 
and castle of St. Juan de Ulloa surrendered at ten 


o'clock on the morning of the 2nth of March. The 
whole Mexican force, amounting to abont 5,000 men, all 
became prisoners of war. The loss to General Scott's 
troops in killed and wounded was small, that of the 
enemy being much larger. 


"The First Tennessee was greatly dissatisfied when 
it was reported that they would probably be left at 
Vera Cruz on garrison duty, but the Colonel managed 
to have them sent on to Jalapa with their division, leav- 
ing on April 9th and arriving within fifteen miles of 
Jalapa on the loth, and were encamped on the Rio Del 


''At this time Santa Anna was entrenched with a 
large force near the of the Cerro Gordo, and Gen- 
eral Scott had about 8,000 men in his command. 

"On April 18th the Battle of Cerro Gordo was fought. 
General Pillow's brigade being in the engagement. 
The first one of his regiments that he ordered to the 
attack, the Second Tennessee, commanded by Colonel 
Haskell, which was repulsed. He then ordered the First 
Tennessee and two Pennsylvania regiments to support 
the Second Tennessee. They gallantly marched forward, 
and were engaged in a desperate fight, quite a number 
being killed and wounded in the brigade. General Pil- 
low and Major Farquharson, of the First Tennessee, 
were wounded, and JJrigadier-General Shields was mor- 
tally wounded. 

"Samuel Lauderdale, of the Fii-st, was killed. The 
brigade was subjected to a very heavy fire from the 
enemy's batteries, but, fortunately, lost few men. Gen. 
Santa Anna, with all of his cavalry, about 3,000 men, 
escaped from C<?rro Gordo early in the morning before 
the battle was fought. After a severe engagement, 
General La Vega, five general officers, and 5,000 men 
surrendered and were made prisoners of war, General 
La Vega becoming a captive for the second time. 



''General Twigg's division followed Santa Anna and 
his cavalry towards Jalapa, but failed to overtake them. 
After General Pillow was wounded, Colonel Campbell 
was placed in command of the brigade, which was com- 
posed of his own, the First Tennessee, the Second Ten- 
nessee (Colonel Haskell's), two Pennsylvania and two 
Illinois regiments. After General Shields was mortally 
wounded, his brigade was divided, part of it being 
placed in Colonel Campbell's brigade, forming a fine 
bodv of soldiers, composed of 2,500 men. 

"One of the Captains of the First, now living near 
Nashville, says that, after the battle was over, one of 
General ScotVs aides — Lieutenant Nelson, he thinks^ 
rode up to Colonel Campbell and saluted, saying: 'Gen- 
eral Scott presents his compliments to Colonel Camp- 
bell, and is glad to see that he is at his old tricks again,' 
alluding to the gallant charge of the Colonel and his 
First Tennessee Regiment at the Battle of Monterey. 

"The First was ready to march on the City of Mexico 
with the conquering army, but greatly to the disap- 
pointment of many. General Scott changed his plans 
and ordered all volunteers who had not enlisted for the 
war to march to Vera Cruz and sail from there to New 
Orleans. On May 11th the First embarked on the 
ncnry Pruitt, a large and commodious ship leaving 
Vera Cruz, and arriving at New Orleans on the 21st of 
May, where they were paid and mustered out of service. 
The onlv wounded men of the regiment left behind were 
Major Farquharson and Mr. :McCorey. Both were at 
Jalapa, having been wounded at Sierra Gordo. Two 
soldiers were left to nurse them. 

"The soldiers left no time in getting home. They 
were royally welcomed at Nashville, and at every place 
on their way from New Orleans to Tennessee. 


"The description of this battle, glowingly pictured by 
John B. Robinson, a member of the First, in his 'Remi- 
niscent es of the Campaign in Mexico,' gives an adequate 


itlea of the bravery of tlie Tennessee soldiers. After 
telling of the formation of the foires, he says: 

"'Nearly twenty cannons were mowing down our 
ranks, strewing our course with dead and wounded, but 
with the foe in front and the dauntless Quitman at our 
head, none dared to falter. A mile we had passed over 
this in hot haste, when we were suddenly thrown in 
front of a fort on the angle of the town, some five 
hundred yards off. This was to the men unexpected, 
but nothing daunted, we passed on through thorns and 
grape shot. It now became evident that the attempt 
of the regulars had failed, and that Colonel Garland 
w^as retiring. Nothing disturbed by this, however, we 
bore directly down on the fort until within two hundred 
yards of its guns, when "halt and fire," emanating 
from some subaltern, rang along our lines as we were 
rapidly forming for a charge. Quick as a word, our 
column halted and commenced a brisk fire upon the 
fort. This unfortunate order provcnl horribly fatal; 
within range of two forts, and with the cross-fire from 
the "Black Fort," our little band was fast melting away 
like frost before the sun ; yet, firm to their duty, they 
stood under the very mouths of the cannon and con- 
tinued this ineffectual fire against the walls of that fort. 
In vain our officers gave orders to close; in vain did the 
stern Campbell, burning with anguish and impatience, 
lift his voice amidst the din of arms and cry, "Charge." 
In vain the gallant Anderson, though calm and col- 
lected, called out in the bitterness of the moment, 
"Forward, men I Will you let your banner go down in 
disgrace?" It was in vain the unblanching Adjutant 
galloped up and down to restore order; all words and 
orders were lost and drowned in the roar of battle and 
the shrieks of the dying. One after one our men were 
cut down. Allen, Allison, Green and a host of other 
noble spirits in our gallant regiment sunk beneath that 
destructive fire. It was but a few minutes that this 
continued. At length, in a partial cessation of the fire. 
Colonel Campbell ordered the charge, and Wellington's 
"Up, Guards, and at them," was not more pronii)tly 
obeyed. The gallant Cheatham, catching the order, 
sprang forward to the charge, crying out, "Come on, 


Dien ! Follow me!'' Captaius McMurray, Foster, all 
simultaueously sprang forward, aud we riislied up to 
the cannons' mouth like very devils, in the face of a 
shower of shells and grape shot. The enemy fired their 
last gun as we leaped the ditch, aud M-heu we scaled the 
parajiet, when Lieutenant Nixon, the first to gain the 
fort, was waving his sword, we found the enemy fiying 
pellmell in every direction. Halting but a moment in 
this fort, we rushed on to another, about forty yards 
distant, where the Mississippians captui-ed some thirty 
prisonei*s. In a moment after the charge, the "Eagle 
Banner Blue" of Tennessee was floating proudly over 
the ramparts as the first American flag that ever waved 
over the City of Monterey.' 

"Captain Eobert C. Foster's company, of Davidson 
County, was the first to enter the fort. 

"There are but few of those gallant men living, but 
the few who remain will appear with true and heroic 
spirit at the grand reception which Nashville is giving 
the younger soldiers of the present First Tennessee 
Regiment, who, like themselves, have won fame in 
foreign lands and have returned to receive the well- 
earned plaudits of an admiring populace. It is true, 
the fatalities have not been so great as they were in 
the ranks of the 'Bloody First,' but the boys have main- 
tained the fame of Tennessee and will receive the bless- 
ings of all patriotic citizens. 

''Captain Cheatham was the same indomitable soldier 
who, in after years, won fame in the Civil War as a 
General. He was the father of Maj. B. F. Cheatham, 
who went out to the Philippines with the First, and 
afterwards enlisted in the United States Army. 

"Of the commissioned oflScere of the 'Bloody First,' 
the only ones now living, so far as is kno>\Ti, are Capt. 
W. B. Walton, of Hendersonville, this county; Gen. 
George Maney, then a Lieutenant; Colonel Bradfute. 
a Lieutenant, of Austin, Texas, and Lieut. John Dies, 
of Trousdale County. 

"The regiment left Nashville with 1,050 men, and 
returned with 275." 





CoMi'iLED BY Calvin McClung, of Knoxville, Texx. 

Charles McClung, son of Matthew McClung and 
Martha Cunningham, his wife, horn May 13, 1761, in 
I^acock township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 
died August 9, 1835, at the Harrodshurgh Springs, 
Kentucky, where he had gone for his health, with his 
son Matthew. He came to what is now Knoxville, 
Tennessee, in 1788, and resided there the remainder of 
his life; married, October 28, 1790, in what is now 
Knoxville, Tennessee, Margaret White, born April 8, 
1771, in Iredell County, North Carolina, died August 
27, 1S27, in Knoxville," the eldest child of Gen. James 
White and Mary Lawsou, his wife. 

Their children were (family Bible) : 

1. Mary Lawson. (See I.) 

2. Hugh, born Mav 22, 1794; died young. 

3. Matthew. (See II.) 

4. James White. (See III.) 

5. Charles. (See IV.) 

6. Betsy Jones. (See V.), 

7. Martha, born June 18, 1805; died young. 

8. Hugh Lawson. (See VI.) 

9. Margaret Ann Malinda. (See VII.) 

I. Mary Lawson McClung (^Charles, ^Matthew), 
born May 28, 1792, died June 16, 1828, married, August 
5, 1811, Chancellor Thomas Lanier Williams, born Feb- 
ruary 1, 1786, in North Carolina, died December 3, 
1856, at Nashville, Tenn. Issue: 

1. Kebeckah, born October 21, 1812, died at Lexing- 
ton, Ky. Married, first, November 24, 1826, B. B. 
Mitchell, M.D., son of Governor David B. Mitchell, of 
Georgia; married, second, June 6, 1844 (?), Richard 
Pindell Shelby, son of Gen. James Shelby, of Lexington, 
Ky. Issue by first marriage: 


i. Thomas Lanier Williams, born December 21, 1831, 
died 1849. 

Issue by second marriage: 

ii. Mary Tindell (called Pinnie), born March 14, or 
April IG, 1844; married her first cousin, Wm. B. 
Napton, of Kapton, Mo., and has a daughter, Koberta, 
and other children. 

iii. Kichard, died young. 

iv. Susan, died young. 

2. Charles McCIung, died young. 

3. Margaret McClung, born October 7, 1817 ; married, 
first, May 31, 1841, John Gaines Miller, born October 
10, 1812, of Danville, Ky., and Booneville, Mo., and 
member of Congress from Missouri ; married, second. 
May 11, 1873 (was his second wife), Hugh Douglas, 
born 1811, of Virginia and Nashville, Tenn, by whom 
she had no issue. Issue by first marriage: 

i. Louis Williams, bom 1842, died 1876, at Booneville, 
Mo.; married Eva Scott, of Missouri, and had issue. 

ii. Mary, born 1848; living at Austin, Texas; mar- 
ried, 1808, William Gilmore Bell, and had issue. 

iii. Fanny Percy, born 1850, died 1888; married in 
Booneville, Mo., Edward Byei-s, who lives at Nashville, 
Tenn., and has issue. 

iv. Meggie, was born in 1852; lives in Nashville; 
married, first, on his death-bed. Bowling Haddox; 
second, Alexander Cunningham, of Nashville, and had 
four children. 

4. Malinda, born February 9, 1820; married March 
27, 1838, Judge William B. Napton, of St. Louis, Mo. 
Issue : 

1. William B., born January 5, 1839, at Napton, Mo.; 
married his cousin, Mary Pindell Shelby, and has 
issue. (See above.) 

ii. Thomas Williams, born March 26, 1841. 

iii. John, born June 8, 1843. 

iv. James Smith, born August 27, 1845. 

V. Charles McClung, born 1847. 
And perhaps others. 

5. Frances Elizabeth, born June 4, 1823; died Feb- 
ruary 13, 1894; married, June 18, 1844. John Walker 



Percy, M.D., who died August 4, 18G4, at Percy Place, 
in Washington County, Mississippi. Issue: 

i. Marie Walker (called May), born 1848, died Octo- 
ber 22, 187G ; married, September 20, 1873, John Sey- 
more McNeilly, living at Vicksburg, Miss. No issue. 

6. Lewis, born February 9, 1825; died young. 

7. Mary Lawson, bom September 12, LS26; died at 
"Evergreen," Va., Octoter 18, 1891 ; married, January 
21, 1845, Edmond Berkley, born February 29, 1820, of 
"Evergreen," Haymarket, Va. Issue: 

i. Elizabeth Burrell, born November 30, 1845. 
ii. F^dmond, born April 17, 1847, at Atlanta, Ga. ; 
married and has issue: 

(1) Alfred, an Episcopal minister. 

(2) Green. 

iii. Frances Calendar, born December 23, 1849. 

iv. Eva Percy, born 1851. 

v. Lewis, born August 21, 1853. 

vi. Mary McClung, born January 2, 1855; married, 
June 2, 1881 (as his second wife), John Seymore Mc- 
Neilly. Issue : 

(1) Mary Berkley, (2) Fannie Percy, (3) Margaret 
Preston, (4) Kate Seymour and (5) John Seymour. 

vii. Lucy Fontaine, born April 19, 1857. 

viii. Edmonia Churchill, born November 9, 1859. 

ix. Annie Beverly, born Noveml)er 22, 1860. 

X, Margai*e1: Williams. 

xi. Katherine Noland. 

xii. Thomas Lanier Williams. 

xiii, Hugh Douglas. 

II. Matthew McClung (==Charles, ^Matthew), born 
October 10, 1795 ; died October 5, 1844 ; married, June 
19, 1818, Eliza Jane, born February 15, 1802; died 
August 18, 1870; daughter of Calvin Morgan. Issue: 

1. Calvin Morgan, boni May 14, 1820, died February 
19, 1857; married, June 14, 1855, Kitty Grosh, born 
July 24, 1834, daughter of Calvin C. Morgan. 

2. Margaret, born March 15, 1822; died April 6, 
1886; married, June 9, 1842, Kobert Henry Gardner, 
born July 24, 1S08; died September 21, 1883, of Nash- 
ville, Tenn. Issue: 


i. Sarah (Sadie) McCliing, born May 30, 1844; mar- 
ried H. Bruce Buckner. Issue: 

(1) Margaret Gardner, married December 18, 1883, 
Myron K. Peck. Issue: 

(a) Sadie, married Tom LeSueur; (h) Alcxine, 
(c) Myron and (rf) Matthew. 

(2) 'Kobert Henry. 

(3) II. Bruce, married, November 5. 1880, Bessie, 
daughter of Wm. Littlefield ; they have five children. 

(4) Matthew Gardner, M.D., married, October 20, 
1897, Elizabeth, daughter of Judge Howell E. Jackson; 
they have several children. 

(5) William, died young. 

(6) Clarence. 

(7) Marshall. 

ii. Robert Henry, born July 20, 1848; died August 
10, 1866. 

iii. Matthew McClung, born April 29, 1853; died 
December 25, 1908; married, in May, 1891, Sadie Polk 
Fall. Issue: 

(1) Robert Henry, (2) George Wm. Fall and (3) 
Matthew McClung. 

3. Sarah Morgan, died young. 

4. Charles James, bora August 26, 1826; married, 
first, October 16, 1851, Margaret, born April 15, 1832; 
died November 17, 1883; eldest child of James H. 
Cowan, of Knoxville. He married, second, July 30, 

1885, Belinda (Linnie), widow of Pumphi-ey, 

and daughter of • Connelly, of Munfordville, Ky,, 

by whom he had no issue. Issue by first marriage: 

i. Lucy Cowan, born August 7, 1852; married, June 
15, 1873, Jacob Litton Thomas, born December 3, 1840, 
of Nashville and Knoxville. Issue: 

(1) Charles McClung, (2) Jesse, (3) Hugh McClung, 
(4) Jacob Litton, (5) Margaret Cowan and (0) 
Matthew G. 

ii. Matthew Granger, M.D., bora September 25, 1854 ; 
died in New York City, January 15, 1888; married, 
June 1, 1876, Bessie, born November 12, 1857, daughter 
of M. I. Keith and Mary Bowen, his wife, of Aberdeen, 
Miss. Issue : 

(1) Mary Bowen, died young. 


(2) Margaret Cowan. 

(3) Annie Doe { Donelson ) , married, January 21, 
1904, Frederick William CLamberlain. 

(4) Minnie Keith, married, June 8, 1905, Joseph 
Tedford McTeer. 

(5) Charles James. 

5. Franklin Henry, born Xovember 25, 1828; died 
May 4. 1898; married. May 4, 1854, Eliza Ann, born 
June 12, 1833; died September 4, 1881; youngest 
daughter of Adam Lee and Matilda (Holtzman) Mills, 
of St. Louis, Mo. Issue: 

i. Calvin Moigan, born May 12, 1855 ; married, first, 
March 3, 1881, Annie, born November 7, 18G2; died 
September 1, 1898; third daughter of Charles M. 
McGhee; married, second, March 16, 1905, Barbara, 
born July 24, 1879, third daughter of A. D. Adair, of 
Atlanta. Issue bv first marriage: 

(1) Eliza (Lida) Mills, married December 2, 1902, 
Wm. Cary Ross, of Knoxville, graduate of Yale, 1900. 
Issue : 

(a) William Cary and (6) Lawsou McClung. 

(2) Mary Lawson, married, December 15, 1904, 
Thomas Gatch Melish, of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

ii. Franklin Henry, born July 30, 1856. 
iii. Aurelia Essex, born October 31, 1863; married, 
September 11, 1888, Roger Van Gilder, born September 

25, 1861. Is.sue: 

(1) Frank McClung and (2) John Somers. 

iv. Charles James, born July 12, 1866. 

V. Robert Gardner, born July 3, 1868. 

vi. Thomas Lee, bora March 26, 1870. 

vii. Ellen (Ellie) Marshall, born May 23, 1872; mar- 
ried January 26, 1897, John Webb Green, born June 9, 
1859, of Knoxville. 

6. Matthew, born March 11, 1833; married, April 27, 
1858, Julia Frances, born June 14, 1837, daughter of 
Thompson Anderson, of Nashville, Tenn. Issue: 

i. Thompson Anderson, born September 28, 1865; 
married, October 22, 1889, I^eilia Mott, born February 

26, 1877, daughter of Thomas W. Garrett. Issue : 
(1) Katherine Garrett and (2) Julia Frances, 
ii. Mathew, born December 1, 1868. 


iii. Pattie Green, boiii March 28, ]871; died Septem- 
ber 4, 1897 ; married, November 16, 1802, Charles Chris- 
topher McGlieo, of Atlanta, Ga. Issue: 

(1) Gladys and (2) Pattie McClimg. 

7. Hugh Lawson, born December 24, 1839. Killed in 
battle at Fort Donelson, Tennessee, February 15, 18G2. 

8. Ellen Christy, born January 30, 1843; married in 
Nashville, Tenn., June 5, 1807, John Marshall, of Nash- 
ville, bom April 23, 1841; killed in riiilroad accident, 
night of July 3, 1871. Issue: 

i. Eliza McClung, born February 21, 1SG8; died in 
1907; married Francis McGavock Ewiug, January 19, 
1892. Issue : 

(1) John Marshall and (2) Andrew. 

ii. Johnnie, married, November 23, 1893, Lemuel 
Russell Campbell. Issue: 

(1) William Bowen, (2) Matthew McClung and (3) 
F. Russell, (4) Ellen and (5) Elizabeth, died young. 

III. James White McClung (^Charles, ^Matthew), 
born June 6, 1798; died May 31, 1848; married, first, 
April 29, 1823, Sarah Elizabeth, born in 1802 or 1803, 
died in April, 18.33, daughter of David Bradie Mitchell, 
Governor of Georgia. Issue: 

1. Charles William, born March 13, 1824; died March 
30, 1879; married, in 1857, Laura Bunch, who died May 
24, 18G1; married, second, Alice Deaderick. Issue: 

i. Charles Pleas, married, February 21, 1888, Maggie 

ii. David Deaderick. 

iii. Lillie, married, November 28, 1895, Kenneth K. 

2. Mary Ann, born December 6, 1825 ; died July 29, 
1879; married, April 15, 1846, her cousin, Pleasant 
Miller McClung, born August 19, 1824; died June 20, 
1863. Issue : 

i. Maria Fearn, born August 22, 1847; married, 
August 20, 1872, Allan M. French, born February 4, 
1847, died July 11, 1879. Issue: 

(1) Isabella Lawson, born June 9, 1873; married, 
September 5, 1900, James Park White. 

(2) Pleasant McClung, died young. 

(3) William B. 


ii. Eliza Morgan, born December 25, 1849; died No- 
vember 25, 1S72 ; married, February 15, 1872, Henry T. 
Ault. Issue: 

(1) Frederick Olmstead. 

ill. ^fary Pleas, boni August 30, 1S51; married, June 
4, 1888, Charles B. Tompkins. No issue. 

iv. Sarah (Sallie) Milcbell, born June 5, 1861 ; mar- 
ried Barton Keller. 

3. David Brodie Mitchell, died young. 

4. Hugh Lawson \Miite, bom May 11, 1829; died 
February 14, 1891, in Rickport, Texas; married, No- 
vember 15, 1870, Trophie Catherine Carlisle, of Aber- 
deen, Miss., born July 13, 1841. Issue : 

i. Sarah (Sadie) Paine, 
ii. Hugh Carlisle. 

5. Thomas Fearn, died young. 

6. Matthew, born March 19, 1833; died September 10, 
1897, in Memphis, Teun. Was, on death of his mother, 
adopted b}' John Robinson, of Huntsville, Ala., and was 
known as Matthew McClung Robinson. He married, 
March 19, 1871, Eliza Snodgrass, born February 18, 
1853, in Cherokee County, Alabama. Issue: 

i. John Arthur McClung. 

ii. Mary Louise McClung, married, May 16, 1894, 
William L. Stephens. 

iii. Matthew McClung, married. May 18, 1901, Fran- 
ces Anne Myers. 

iv. Charles Hugh McClung. 

V. Laura Joe. 

James "WTiite McClung married, second, in 1834, Eliz- 
abeth F., born February 2, 1812; died September 18, 
1837, daughter of Elliott Spottswood (a descendant of 
Col. Alexander Spottswood, of Virginia), of near 
Huntsville, Ala. Issue: 

7. James White, born October 4, 1835 ; died January 
25, 1888, in Arkansas. He married, first, Bettie Heis- 
kell, daughter of Mitchell Heiskell, of Morgantown, 
Tenn. Issue: 

i. Elliott Spottswood, born October 8, 1869, of 
Medeira, California; married,, October 20, 1892, 
Jennie Alice Davis, bom April 5, 1871; died February 
3, 1902. Issue: 

(1) Jesse Davis and (2) Lawrence. 


He married, second, October 28, 1903, Jennie Mildred 

James White McClung, son of James White McClung, 
married, second, Sarah T. Balard, born in 1856, of Can- 
ton, Ark. Issue: 

ii. Florence May. 

iii. Mary Elizabeth. 

iv. Virginia Lee, died young. 

V. Orra Alice. 

Sarah, the widow of James W. McClung, married 
G. H. Pinkston, of Canton, Ark. 

8. Elliott Spottswood, born August 24, 1837; died 
November 24, 1901, married, July 12, 18G6, Pattie, born 
January 12, 1845; died April 28, 1903, daughter of 
Stephen Sorsby Booth, of Vicksburg, Miss. No issue. 

James White McClung married, third, June 6, 1839, 
Margaret Patrick, born June 6, 1819, of Huntsville, Ala. 
Issue : 

9. William Penn, born April 20, 1840, of Memphis; 
married, October 28, 1869, Virginia Taul Anderson, 
born January 9, 1845. Issue: 

i. William Anderson. 

ii. Annie Parsons, married, in 1898, John R. Rob- 

iii. Jessie. 

iv. Septimus Cabaniss. 

10. Annie Parsons, born April 18, 1842; married, 
June 28, 1868, Andrew Jackson \Miite, bom November 
22, 1843 ; died December 7, 1876. Issue: 

i. Margaret McClung. 
ii. William McClung. 
iii. Frank McClung. 
iv. Arthur McClung. 
V. Bessie May. 

11. Frank Armstrong, born December 11, 1843, of 
Chattanooga, Tenn. ; married, February 10, 1870, Buell 
Drake, born December 18, 1845. Issue: 

i. Tjera. 

ii. Margaret (Madge), married, October 16, 1899, 
Barton Russell, of Louisville, Ky. 

12. Arthur Henderson, born July 4, 1848, of Carroll- 
ton, Ala. ; married. November 23, 1871, Mary Adell T^, 


born Poptember 18, 1850, of Pickens County, Alabama. 
Issue : 

i. Maggie Lee, married O. A. Quinn, of Mississippi, 

ii. Bessie Martin, married H. J. Funderbark, of 

ill. Minnie I.«ee, marriedT. W.Johnson, of Mississippi. 

iv. Arthur Henderson, died young. 

V. James White. 

IV. Charles McClung (^'Charles, ^Matthew), bom 
July 28, 1800 ; died December 25, 1827 ; married, July 
3, 1821, Malvina Louise, died December .3, 1831, daugh- 
ter of Pleasant M. Miller, whose wife, Mary Iconise, was 
daughter of Governor William Blount. He died at 
Sparta, Tenn., and is buried there. Issue : 

1. Charles, died young. 

2. Pleasant Miller, born 29, 1824; was killed 
in battle by having both legs .shot away on Summit 
Hill, Knoxville, June 20, 1863; married, April 15, 1846, 
his cousin, Mary Ann McClung, daughter of James W. 
McClung. See above. 

3. Albert Stewart, died young. 

V. Betsey Jones McClung (^Charles, ^Matthew), born 
May 6, 1803; died April 8, 1829; married, September 
5, 1820, John McGhee, bora October 15, 1788 ; died June 
8, 1851, of Monroe County, Tenne.ssee. Issue: 

1. Margaret AMiite, born July 2, 1821 ; married, first, 
August 6, 1840, Andrew Kussell Humes, born April 9, 
1817; died September 25, 1847; married, second, Sep- 
tember 6, 1852, Joseph Warren Jenkins Niles; died, 
1876, of New England. Issue by first marriage: 

i. Betsey Jones, born September 6, 1841 ; married, 
June 10, i886, John Tate McDonald Haire, of Lexing- 
ton, Ga., now of McGhee, Tenn. No is.sue. 

ii. Thomas William, born August 2, 1843; married, 
December 19, 1867, Mary C. Sexton, of Mississippi. 
Issue : 

(1) Margaret, married. 

(2) Alfred, married. 

(3) Andrew Russell, married April 24, 1901, Hattie 
Eldridge, of Chattanooga. 


(4) Henrietta. 

(5) Charles McGhee. 

(6) Medora. 

iii, Margaret, born November 11, 1845; married, 
September 18, 1865, Sinclair David Grervais Niles. 

( 1 ) Barcley McGbee. 

(2) Andrew Kussell. 

(3) St. Clair Gervais, married, June 2, 1903, Mary 
Humes Dismukes, his first cousin. 

(4) Bettie Humes, married, April 4, 1903, William 
Jasper Tramraell, of Marietta, Ga, Issue: a son. 

(5) John Lewis, married. 

(6) Margaret. 

(7) Andrea. 

(8) Charles Warren. 

(9) Carnelia Dismukes. 

(10) Mildred. 

iv. Andrea Kussell, born November 22, 1847; married, 
November 18, 18G9, John Lewis Dismukes, bom March 
4, 1844, of Nashville, Tenn. Issue: 

(1) Margaret Humes, died young. 

(2) William Miller, married, June 30, 1897, Daisy 
Lawrence, daughter of William B. W^alton. Issue: 

(a) John Lewis. 

(3) Mary Humes, married June 2, 1903, Sinclair 
Gervais Niles. 

(4) Cornelia McGhee. 

(5) Blanche, died young. 
Issue by second marriage : 

V. Charles McGhee, born June 23, 1853; married, 
April 7, 1897, Elizabeth (Libbie) Storrs Barton, of 
Cedartown, Ga. 

vi. Joseph Warren, born November 7, 1855; married 
about 1898, Ella Woody. Has issue. 

vii. Amelia (Minna) Gervais, bom April 8, 1858; 
married, April 18, 1882, George H. Rogers, of Birming- 
ham, Ala. Issue: 

(1) Humes and (2) Florence. 

2. Barclay, bom September 2, 1823; died June 16, 
1856 ; married, first, November 2, 1843, Elizabeth Moore 
Henley, bom January 26, 1819 ; died August 28, 1844, 


daugbter of Arthur H. Henley, of Monroe County, Ten- 
nessee; man-ied, second, February 4, 1S46, her sister, 
Mary Keller Henley, born November 20, 1820. After 
tlie death of Baiclay McGhce, Mary Keller married, 
second, William Parker. Issue by first marriage: 

i. Elizabeth Moore, born August 16, 1844; died June 
4, 1900; married, March 20, 1866, as his second wife, 
.James Lafayette Johnston, born November 24, 1827; 
died February 15, 1891; buried at Loudon, Tenn. 
Issue : 

(1) Hugh McClung, born May 26, 1872; married 
Ai>ril 18, 1901, Mace, daughter of William L. Russell. 
Issue : 

(a) Lvnn Russell. 

(2) Samuel McGhee. 

(3) Thomas Hardin, mai-ried, June 15, 1902, Nona 
Grace, daughter of Mrs. Annie Kirkpatrick McDermott, 
of Bristol, Tenn. 

(4) Carl Lay. 

(5) Annie May, died young. 

(6) Jame^ Ebenezer. 
Issue by second marriage: 

ii. Ann Evelina, born November 21, 1846; died No- 
vember 9, 1884 ; never married. 

iii. Margaret White, born December 5, 1849; mar- 
ried, March 22, 1867, Charles Calhoun Jones, bom in 
1840; died September 18, 1900, of South Carolina. 
Issue : 

(1) Ophelia Lavinia, born July 26, 1868; married 
Houston Kennedy. 

(2) Barclay Joshua, born December 27, 1869; mar- 
ried Alice Copley. 

(3) Sarah Maggie Elizabeth. 

(4) Ada, married Richard Robinson, 

(5) Moultrie. 

(6) Ole Bull. 

(7) Erva-Yea. 

(8) Charles Hoskins. 

(9) Ruler. 

iv. John Barclay, born November 13, 1851; married, 
December 17, 1873, Sarah Adaline Harrison, died in 
1897. Issue : 


(1) Joseph Harrison. 

(2) Nannie Sue. 

(3) May Laws >n. 

(4) Alvah, married, November 19, 1893, Thomas C. 
Howard. Issue : 

(a) Irene Lawsou and (&) Mary Lawson McGhee. 

(5) Charle.s McClung. 

(6) Barclay. 

(7) John. 

V. Lavinia Mooi-e, born August 18, 1853; married, 
June 13, 18<39, Joshua Khett Jones, born September 10, 
1850, of South Carolina. No issue. 

vi. Mary Abbott, died young. 

3. Charles McClung, born June 23, 1828; married, 
first, June 10, 1847, Isabella McNutt, born July 10, 
1827; died May 13, 1848, daughter of Hugh A. M. 
White, of Knoxville, Tenn.; married, second, April 14, 
1857, her sister, Cornelia Humes, born February 4, 1836; 
died February 3, 1903. Issue by first marriage: 

i. Joiin, died young. 

Issue by second marriage: 

ii. Margaret White, born March 2, 1858; married, 
January 27, 1880, George White Baxter, born January 
7, 1855, of Knoxville, Tenn. Issue: 

(1) Cornelia Humes, married Hugh Tevis. Issue: 
(a) Hugh. Married, second, A. H. McKee. 

(2) Margaret Lawson. 

(3) Katherine Annie. 

(4) Charles McGhee. 

(5) George Eleana. 

iii. Mary Lawson, born January 5, 1860 ; died March 
28, 1883; married, October 20, 1881, David Shelbj 
Williams, of Nashville, Tenn. Issue: 

(1) Mary Lawson, died young. 

iv. Annie, born November 7, 1862 ; died September 
1, 1898; married, March 3, 1881, Calvin Morgan Mc- 
Clung, born May 12, 1855, of Knoxville. Issue: 

(1) Eliza (Lida) Mills, married, December 2, 1902, 
William Cary Ross. Issue: 

(a) William Carey, 

(2) Mary Lawson, married,. December 15, 1904, 
Thomas Gatch Melesh, of Cincinnati, Ohio. 


V. Bettie Humes, born January 28, 18G5; married 
February 10, 188G, Lawi-ence Davis Tyson, born July 4, 
18G1, of North Carolina, now of Knoxville. Issue: 

(1) Charles McGhee and (2) Isabella McGhee. 

vi. Eleanor Wilson, married, April 19, 1893, James 
Columbus Neely, born March 12, 18G7, of Memphis, 

VI. Hugh Lawson McClung (-Charles, ^Matthew), 
born May 26, 1810; died April 11, 1891; married, first, 
November 5, 1829, Rachel Kibby Trigg, born August 19, 
1810 ; died December 2, 1842, daughter of Rufus Mor- 
gan. Issue : 

1. Margaret White, born December 3, 1830; died 
July 30, 1865; married Rufus W. Cobb, Governor of 
Alabama, of Helena, Ala. Issue: 

i. John Williams, born December 24, 1850; married. 
Addre.'js, Birmingham, Ala. 

ii. Fedora (Dora), bom January 16, 1859; married 
Richard Fell, of Helena, Ala. 

2. Rufus Morojan, born May 20, 1832 ; died April 27, 
1887; married," fir-st, December 29, 1858, Rachel F., 
daugliter of Judge Connally F. Trigg. Issue: 

i. Mary Campbell, born November 29, 1S60; died 
July, 1881; married George Ben Johnston, M.D., of 
Richmond, Va., son of Senator George ^V. Johnston, of 
Wythe County, Virginia. No issue. 

ii. Guy. 

iii. Connally Trigg. 

iv. Hugh Lawson. 

Rufus Morgan McClung married, second, June 11, 
1872, in Philadelphia, Pa., Mrs. Mary E. Taylor, born 
October 9, 1835 ; died October 9, 1902, at Terrell, Texas, 
daughter of Marcus D. Bearden, of Knoxville. Issue: 

V. Rosalie Heaton, of Terrell, Texas. 

3. Elizabeth Trigg, born April 20, 1836; died in 
Birmingham, Ala.; married, March 6, 1856, William P. 
Barker, of Birmingham, Ala. Issue: 

i. Mary McClung. 
ii. Annie Gillespie. 
iii. Margaret Cobb, 
iv. Ruth. 


V. Jennie. 
vi. William. 

4. Mary Frances, born January 16, 1838 ; married, 
January 21, 18G2, as his second wife, William B. Fran- 
cisco. Issue : 

i. Fanny, born February 27, 1864; married W. H. 
En gram. ISvSue: 

( 1) Mary, married Gault, of Tampa, Florida. 

ii. Kicbard Bearden. 
iii. Kufus McChmg. 
iv. William B. 

5. Rachel Florence, bom September 9, 1840 ; married, 
January 29, 1863, Marcus Lafayette Rogers, M.D., born 
February 21, 1826 ; died December 4, 1878. Issue : 

i. Rachel Morgan, born November 16, 1865 ; married, 
September 28, 1896, Whitefield Emerson Huff, of Rome, 

ii. Amy Maxwell, born February 20, 1867 ; died May 
20, 1896, in Philadelphia, Pa.; married, June 3, 1886, 
Jackson Smith, of South Carolina. !No issue: 

iii. Marcus Lafayette, born February 16, 1870; died 
January 14, 1899; married. 

6. Charles Alexander, born October 24, 1842; mar- 
ried, February 5, 1868, Corrie Miller, in Anderson 
District, South Carolina. Issue: 

i. Corrie Yetta. 

ii. Harrietta Miller. 

iii. Mary. 

iv. Rufus Morgan. 

V. Charles Hugh. 

Hugh L. McClung married, second, July 31, 1845, 
Anna, born January 28, 1825 ; died December 29, 1875, 
daughter of George Thomas Gillespie, of Russellville, 
Tenn. Issue : 

7. Blanche, born April 10, 1846; died October 15, 
1894; married, February 21, 1867, in Aberdeen, Miss., 
Major Thomas Shepherd W^ebb, bom September 26, 
1840, of Knoxville, Tenn. Issue: 

i. Thomas Shepherd, bom December 20, 1867; mar- 
ried, June 29, 1893, Helen, daughter of Judge M. C. 
SauHey, of Stanford, Ky. Issue : 

(1) Thomas Shapard. 


('2) Rowan J^aufley, 

ii. Sanna McClung, 

ili. Hugh McClung. 

iv. James Lewis, died young. 

8, Hugh Lawson, born June 2, J 858, of Knoxville, 
Tenn.; married, December 15, 1892, Ella, bom Novem- 
ber 20, 1870, daughter of William E. Gibbens, of Knox- 
ville. Issue. 

i. Ellen. 

VII. Margaret Ann Malinda McClung (^Charles, 
^Matthew), born October 26, 1812; died July 27, 1864; 
married, January 81, 1833, as his second wife. Judge 
Ebenezer Alexander, bom December 23, 1805; died 
April 29, 1857, son of Adam Rankin Alexander. 

1. Margaret White, born October 31, 1833; died Octo- 
ber 16, 1873 ; married, May 1, 1855, Alexander McMil- 
lan, born March 21, 1829; died January 11, 1805; 
married, second, July 12, 1867, James C. Mcintosh, 
M.D., born February 1, 1825. Issue by first marriage: 

i. Annette, bom July 20, 1856; married, January 31, 
1878, Herbert Winbourne Hall, born November 18, 1850. 
Issue : 

(1) Alexander McMillan. 

(2) Lucy Cowan. 

(3) Margaret, married. May 25, 1904, Charles Louis 
Amos, of Syracuse, N. Y. 

(4) Herbert Winbourne, died young. 

ii. Margaret McClung, born December 25, 1857; 
married, January 22, 1822, Martin Joseph Condon, 
born October 29, 1857, of Knoxville and New York. 
Issue : 

(1) Martin Joseph. 

(2) Alexander^ died young. 

(3) Mamie. 

iii. Alexander, born November 5, 1859 ; married, Jan- 
uary 17, 1883, Carrie Sinclair Gillem, born February 25, 
1803, daughter of Gen. Alven C. Gillem. Issue: 

(1) Alexander. 

Iv. Mary (Mamie) Alexander, born February 17, 
1864 ; married, December 12, 1888, Edward Henegar, of 
Knoxville. Issue: 


(1) Herbert Bentou, (2) Martin Joseph, (3) Marga- 
ret McClimg, (4) Aline Elizabeth. (5) Mamie and 
(6) Henry Alexander. 

Issue by second marriage: 

V. Jaines C, born November 28, 18G8 ; married, Jan- 
uary 26, 18SG, Sarah Ann Read. 

vi. Sarah (Sadie) Bartlett, born June 21, 1870 ; mar- 
ried, November 18, 1903, as his second wife, Benjamin 
Davis Brabson, D.S. 

vli. Laura Mabry, married Henry Failing, of Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 

2. Charles McClung, born January 5, 1837; died 
December 28, 1862; married, July 28, 1859, Lucinda 
(Lucy) Foster, born June 9, 1839, daughter of James H. 
Cowan. Issue : 

i. Lucy Dickinson, born July 9, 1860; married, first, 
November 30, 1880, Mustoe B. Given, born April 25, 
1854; died June 21 or 22, 1889, of Louisville, Ky. ; mar- 
ried, second, November 22, 1892, Jonathan Tipton, bom 
May 3, 1859; died June 15, 1903, of Kuoxville. 

Issue by first marriage: 

(1) Lucy Dickinson. 

3. Liza Jane, died young. 

4. Mary Hill, married, November 1, 1866, Alex. Alli- 
son. No issue. 

5. Matthew McClung, born October 5, 1844; died 
February 1, 1887 ; married, in 1871, Lucy, daughter of 
William Hunter, M.D., of Virginia, Issue: 

i. Charles. 

ii. William Hunter. 

6. Fannie Percy, bom November 1, 1846; married, 
September 20, 1871, Judge William Truslow Newman, 
of Atlanta. Issue: 

i. Isabel Lawson, married, October 11, 1899, Walter 
Howard, died June 11, 1902, of Atlanta, Ga. 

ii. Margaret, married, October 27, 1904, John Leger- 
wood Patterson, of Roanoke Rapids, N. C. 

iii. Lucy Marion, married, June 23, 1903, Lieut. Louis 
Seidjesmund Deidrich Rucker, Jr., 16th Infantry, 
U. S. A. 

iv. William Truslow. 

V. Francis Percy. 

vi. Henry Alexander. 


7. Lucy Dickinson, born March 31, 1849; married, 
May 5, 1870, Major John Scott Payne, U. S. A., of Vir- 
ginia, born December 7, 1844; died December 16, 1895. 
Issue : 

i. Laura Rollins, married, October 24, 1900, Charles 
Staples Mangum, M.D,, of Chapel Hill, N. C. Issue: 
(1) William Henry and (2) Arthur Alexander. 

8. Ebeu, bom March 9, 1851; married, October 15, 
1874, Marion, born October 25, 1852, daughter of Rev. 
John Howard Smith. Issue : 

i. Eleanor Spurrier, married, September 8, 1897, 
Andrew Henry Patterson, of Athens, Ga., native of 
North Carolina. Issue: 

(1) Mary Fries and (2) Howard Alexander. 

ii. Ebenezer. 

iii. John Howard, died young. 

iv. Margaret McClung. 

9. Isabella Lawson, born March 9, 185G; married, 
December 9, 1875, Ira Winship Cook, born September 
22, 1852 ; died April 9, 1884. Issue : 

i. Ethel. 

ii. Howard, of New York City. 

Charles Campbell 

Of Ironton, Ohio. 



Discussion and Traditions. 


In the perspective offered by a long pedigree, fi°d just 
before tbV vauisbing point is reacbed, it appears that 
memory often present's to view but three name, m one 
aeneration. Thus the Southern branch gives : 
'-John Campbell, who married Grace Hay and his 
si^^ter Mary Campbell, who married Moses White and 
their brotb^er, Hugh Campbell, of whom there is no 

record. , . 

In the Northern branch the record gives: 
Dougald Campbell, whose descendants settled m 
Rockbridge Countv, Virginia; Robert Campbell, whose 
descendants settled in Augusta County Virginia amd 
John Campbell, many of whose descendants are to be 
found in Washington County, Virginia, the two Jolm 
Campbells being the same person. F^^^^i^,^^^^^^^^;* ' 
descendants are named for the ^n^'ecorded Hugh Carap_ 
bell ; none of Dougald's or John's are named Hugh, but 
Marv had a great-grandson, Hon. Hugh Lawson ^hite 
who^was a candidate for the Presidency ^^\lf ^^^ ,^^^7^^* 
Webster and Van Bui-en. On June 13, 1836, Abrah^ 
Lincoln wrote to the editor of the Journal at Salem 
saving- ''If alive on the first Monday m November, I 
shall vote for Hugh L. White for President. 

There were two Duncan Campbells, ancestors, m tne 
second and sixth generations. These two Duncans give 
rise to a diflerence of records as to the time the second 
Duncan migrated from Scotland to Ireland Gov. David 
Campbell r^ccords it in 1584. Joseph R-. A«f ^;^"' «. 
I'.ristol, Tenn., prior to 1875, stated that it was in IGU 
that Duncan married Mary McCoy and ^vent to Irelan^^^ 
the northern branch say that he never J^ft Scotland, 
but that his three sons went to Ireland in 1700. Evi- 



deiitly he did go to Ireland sometime i)iior to 1(572 ; but 
it was the second Diincan wlio married Mary McCoy in 
1672, for that date agrc>es with the known dates of births 
of his cliildren and grandchildren. 

Tliei-e are but a few hours' travel between Argyleshire, 
Scotland, and County Londonderry, Ireland, and thei-e 
were frequent changes to and fro. His route was across 
the North Channel twenty miles, easterly fifteen miles 
to the Giant's Causeway, fifteen more to Coleraine City, 
on the river Bann, and thirty more to Londonderry 
City. TiCt us idealize this brief voyage of Duncan, the 
ancestor of a great host living and dead, and associate 
it with his passing view of The Causeway, which appeals 
so vividly to the imagination ; thus do we magnify the 
ancients into giants and mark the paths they trod. 

It is not at all probable that there were two patri- 
archs named Duncan, unrelated, whose descendants not 
only went to County I>erry, Ireland, but from thence 
most of them emigrated to Pennsylvania, and from 
there moved over into Augusta County, Virginia, the 
latter moving between the dates 1730 and 1740; 
moreover, that each Duncan had a son John, whose 
descendants later moved from Augusta County to Wash- 
ington County, Virginia. Washington Count}' is one 
hundred and sixty miles, air line, from Augusta County ; 
seven counties now intervene; at that date it was a 
roadless wilderness, infested by savages and wild ani- 
mals. Yet all records, both North and South, agree in 
these essentials of identity of the two Duncans. 

To this proof is added the personal testimony iiiter- 
spersed in the following account of Kobert's descendants 
who constitute the Northern branch. 

As history began in traditions, so the earliest family 
records often transmit to us that which may be of value, 
and cannot be irrevei-ently ignored, yet it does not com- 
mand our implicit confidence. But in Robert's line, 
the traditions serve to confirm the accuracy of the 
pedigree, and the relationship between the Northern and 
Southern branches. 

And we are v.anied that the lure of the dollar is pres- 
ent with us, because of the traditional estate (of Scot- 
land) paid into the English Treasury for lack of heirs, 
a fortune as eln.sive as a will-o'-the-wisp. 


In the Richmond Standard of July 10, ISSO. R. A. 
Rrock Bccretarv of the Virginia Ilistoncal Society, 
gives a mixed account of DmK-anCann)beirs descend- 
ants, and states that he was of the Campbells of the 
House of I^redalbane.' Egles' "Pennsylvania Geneal- 
ogies " published in 1S80, gives the same account, in 
Green's -Histoi-ic Families of Kentucky," and again in 
Mr^ White's "Ilistorv of the Descendants of John 
Walker, of Wigton, Scotland," it is stated that l.obert s 
descendants are of the Campbells of Kiman Scotland. 
KTrnan is located in that part of the Argyle frontier 
lying between Lockawe and Lockfine, bordered by the 
d'ucai territory of Tuverary. 

Green quotes Sprague's ''Annals of the American 
Pulpit" to the same etlect. Col. Chas. S. Todd, soldier 
diplomatist, son of Judge Thos. Todd, of the United 
States Supreme Court, was bora at Danville, Ky., in 
1791 died in 1871. He was on General Harrisons 
staff'in 1812, a scholar, editor, and Minister to Russia. 
History states that he had a general knowledge of the 
various branches of the Campbell family a century ago 
and he asserted his belief in the Kiruau tradition. That 
the origin of the family was in Inverary, or near it, 
seems to be the general conclusion from all records. 

From the long list of ancestors recorded by the South- 
ern branch, indicating A.D. 1500 as the earliest date, one 

•The Bredalbane succession of titled chiefs in Pai'^ js ^ 
Duucan Camnbell. who flourished about 1025: las son. Robeit^ 
1^ "(Uo • the atter's son. John, in 16S0: their births being long 
iSfore those meridian dates. Our record shows be sec;ond 
Duncan born about 1645; his son. Robert, born about 1... 5 
the lat^'ei^s son. John, born about 1700. Here is a parallel of 
names and dates indicating that the second Duucan lived in 
BrSbane (Glenorchy) territory, in Ar^yleshire. near Lo^h 

]^:r%.^Zt ^h^e'^iS : \nJ^^r;Li25y ^coS 

parallef of names and dates, the Brcxlalbane tradition possibly 
would not have come into existence. 


infers that this Campbell family were lauded jjiopri- 
etors, for this reason; the ''Hand l^ook of Heraldry,'' 
published iu London in 1882, states: "H the pedigree 
can l>e traced up to the middle of the seventeenth cen- 
tury (1050), and the family were at that time entitled 
to armorial bearings, the visitations of the Heralds may 
carry it three generations higher (1550). The real 
labor uow commences; and unless the family were, 
during the sixteenth century, either noble or were 
landed proprietors, further research is almost useless." 
Thus endeth the traditions; but in this great democ- 
racy of ours, we are more interested in the facts. AVe 
offer, first, the brief account of Capt. Charles Campbell, 
found on page 85, Historical Paper No. 2, issued by 
Washington and I^ee University. 

Captain Charles Campbell. 

"Among the Presbyterial trustees of 1776, and 
also the chartered trustees, was the venerable 
Charles Campbell. He was the son of Charles 
Campbell, whose i-emote ancestor was Duncan 

"This Duncan, who never left Scotland, had three 
sons, Dougald, Robert and John, who removed to 
Ireland in 1700, and settled in Coleraine, in County 

"Most of the descendants of these three brothers, 
between 1730 and 1740, emigrated to Pennsylvania, 
and thence to Augusta, as Augusta then was. The 
descendants of Dougald are said to have settled in 
what is now Rockbridge, and three brothers, sons 
of Robert, namely : Hugh, John and Charles, settled 
in Augusta proper. 

"Charles Campbell, your trustee, the son of 
Charles, was born in Rockbridge in 1741; married 

•Angus K. Campbell, of Des Moines, Iowa, seventy-three 
years old in 1908, great-grandson of Capt. Charles Campbell, 
states that the Duncan Campbell last mentioned lived near Loch 
Lomond, which borders Argjieshire, not far from Inverary. 


Mary Ann Downey, and both husband and wife 
lived to an advanced age, she dying in 1824, aged 
eighty-two, and he in 1820, aged eighty-five. 

"Charles did not actively engage in political 
aft'airs, but commanded a company at the siege of 
York, and he delighted in old age to recount the 
details of the siege. He was noted for his piety 
and was fond of books, cnconragcs3 literary in.'^titu- 
tions, and trained his numerous sons and daughters 
in sound learning. Charles Campbell, your trustee, 
who lived as late as 1826, is well remembered by 
many now living. He was about middle size, and in 
his old age, as he sat as an elder in the New Provi- 
dence Church on the left of the pulpit, with his 
white hair flowing, decrepit with years but firm in 
faith, and zealous for the glory of God, he was a 
striking figure. 

''He was long a magistrate, and did not hesitate 
to use the whole rigor of the law iu repressing vio- 
lations of the Sabbath. 

"At your annual celebration the good old man 
drove from his i-esidence twelve miles distant to 
this hill in his carriage drawn by two rather old 
horses, who rejoiced in the names Grey and Goody, 
and listened with rapt attention to all the exer- 
cises of the day. He left numerous descendants, 
among whom is my valued friend, Charles Camp- 
bell, who truly represents the literary zeal and 
sterling integritv of his ancestor. He was High 
Sheriff of Rockbridge County, 1808-10, and a mem- 
ber of the Virginia House of Delegates, 1788-89." 

The last-mentioned Charles Campbell wrote a history 
of Virginia, published in 1860. It was he who, doubt- 
less, furnished the account quoted, of his grandfather, 
Capt. Charles Campbell. His mother, Mrs. Mildred 
Walker Moore Campbell, bom in 1787, died in 1882 or 
1888, in 1875 made an extended genealogy of the Camp- 
bells which is now owned bv the writer; it agrees with 
the record of John Campbell, of Ironton, Ohio, made on 
Mav 12, 1828, taken from his parents. The latter ex- 
tended back to Robert, son of Duncan Campbell, in detail. 


Mrs. Caniiibell says definitely tliat "Dougald's descend- 
ants settled in Kcukbridge Connty," and that "many of 
John's (son of IJnncau) descendants are to be fonud in 
Washington Ojuuty," Virginia. To this county all of 
Gen. William Campbell's family migrated in 17G9. 

Mildred Walker Moore, daughter of Alex. S. Moore, 
and great-granddaughter of Governor Alexander Spott.s- 
Avood, of ^'irginia. was also the first cousin of Ann Hill 
Carter, who married (ien. Henry Lee, of the Revolution- 
ary Army ; their son was Gen. Robert E. Lee, C. S. A. 
Her husband, the son of Capt. Charles Campbell, was 
John Wilson Campbell, long a bookseller and publisher 
of Petersburg, Va. He wrote and published a history 
of Virginia, in 1813. 

Page 530, "Howe's Historical Collections of Virginia," 
gives a view of the "Moore House," in which was signed 
the articles of capitulation of Lord Cornwallis, at 
Yorktown. It was erected by Gov. Alex. Spottswood, 
who was buried there in 1740. (See page 407, "History 
of Virginia," by CharlesCampbell, who was a great-great- 
grandson of Govenior Spottswood.) Campbell's mater- 
nal ancestors, the Moores, occupied the The 
land on which it is located is called "Temple Farm." 

The earliest ance.stor whom Dougald's descendants 
can at present trace was Dougald Camplxill, who, in 
1762, purchased land in that part of Frederick County, 
now Berkeley County, Virginia; came to Rockbridge 
County in 1780; liis will was proved in 1795; his birth 
must liave been not later than 1740, and there would be 
but one generation between him and Duncan Campbell, 
and possibly none. His son, Alexander Campbell, oldest brother is named Duncan, sat upon the 
Board of Trustees of Washington College, from 1784 to 
1807, with Captain Charles Campbell, who was tv\'enty- 
nine years a trustee. It is, therefore, not probable that 
Mildred Walker Moore Campbell made any errors in 
her record, for we have the testimony to her fine intel- 
lect, clear in old age, and her brilliant conversational 
powers made her influential with the relatives, who 
affectionately called her "Aunt Mildred." Her married 
life (1800) "^overlapped the life of Captain Charles 
Campbell by twenty years (1826), and he was born in 


1741, not long after the death of Duncan Camplxill, who, 
in 1G72, niai'i'ied ilary McC-oy. Thus three i^erwjns 
have in succession given us the record back to the birth 
of Duncan Canij)bell. 

Dougald's branch and Robert's branch have supplied 
graduates and professors to Washington and Ix>e Uni- 
versity and to its predecessors for one liundred and 
twenty-five yeais; the same is true of the rchited Wilson 
family, mentioned later on. The Eev. William Wilson 
was assistant professor to William Graham in 1777, and 
trustee twenty-five years. 

The remainder of this sketch will be devoted to the 
descendants of (3) Robert^ son of (1) Duncan Camp- 
bell* and Mary McCoy, and who was the brother of (2) 
Dougald^ and (4) John,' who married Grace Hay, 
(5) Mary" and Hugh' Campbell. 

[The number of the individual is prefixed, but none is pre- 
fixed if there is no record- The number following the name 
indicates the generation.] 

Descendants of (3) Robert Campbell.'' 

His wife's name is unknown to the writer. He lived 
in Coleraine Towuland, Ireland, and it is believed, upon 
the river Bann, if not in Coleraine City. We have no 
proof that he ever left Ireland, but the records of 
Charles Campbell, the historian, have not been fully 
explored. His sons were (6) Hugh,® (7) John* and 
(8) Charles.® 

(G) Hugh Campbell V importation was proved June 
26, 1740, with his wife, Esther, and two daughters; his 
will was made in 1771, and probated March 22, 1775, 
with John Magill one of his executors. The law re- 
quired emigrants to prove their importation at their 
own charges, in order to government lands at 
low rates. All "Importations" mentioned are under- 
stood to be "at their own charges." (6) Hugh Camp- 
bell,® in 1740, was also the executor of the will of 
William Magill, father of John, and (8) Charles Camp- 
bell,® brother of (G) Hugh,® was a witness. William 


Magill's laud joined that of (8) Charles Campbell, about 
five miles northeast of "Beverly's Mill Place," now culled 
Stannton,Va. Children of (G) Hugh: William, Hugh, 
Charles, Robert, Esther, Sarah and >rartha. No further 
r-ecord of this family, except to say that (3) Robert's 
three sons lived within the bounds of Augusta (Old 
Stone ) Church, which was about thi-ee miles north from 
the residence of (8) Charles. 

(7) John Campbell was born about 1700; married, in 
1721, Elizabeth Walker, daughter of John Walker, of 
Wigton, Scotland, who had removed to Newry, Carling- 
ford Bay, County Down, Ireland, long before the date 
of the marriage. In May, 1728 to 1730, the Walker 
family, with (7) John Campbell and wife, sailed from 
Strangford Bay, on the east coast, in a vessel com- 
manded by Capt. Richard Walker, landed in Maryland, 
August 2d, and transported their families to Notting- 
ham, Chester County, Pennsylvania. 

In a few years John Campbell and wife, with his 
brother-in-law, John Walker (born in 1705; married 
in 1734), and wife, Ann Houston, moved to near "Bev- 
erly's Mill Place," where Mr. Campbell and wife lived 
until death. John Walker and wife were the ancestors 
of the Stuarts, Todds and Prices, of Kentucky, including 
President Lincoln's wife, Mary Todd, who was the first 
cousin of his law partner, Hon. John Todd Stuart; the 
latter first influenced Mr. Lincoln to study law. Mr. 
Campbell's sister-in-law, Jane Walker, was the ances- 
tress of Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, C. S. A., and of Mary E. 
Coalter, first wife of William Campbell Preston, the 
matchless orator and senator from South Carolina. 

Elizabeth Walker, born in 1703, died in 1787, was a 
descendant of Samuel Rutherford, one of the meml)ers 
of the Westminster Assembly, and author of "Rutherford 
I>etters." Her father, John Walker, married Catherine 
Rutherford, and the latter's mother, whose maiden 
name was Isabel Allein, was a descendant of Rev. Joseph 
Allein, who wrote "Allein's Alarm." Children: Es- 
ther,* married Alex. McKinney ; Mary,* married David 
Chambers; Rachel," married Thomas Dobbins; Jane," 
married Alex. McPheeters. (9) Maj. John Walker 
CampbelP married Martha Speers and (10) Robert 

Mrs. Sally Alexander Campbell. 

Wife of Dr. Samuel L. Campbell, and Sister of Rev. Dr. Archibald Alexander. 
President of Hampden-Sydney ColleRe. Vire.n.a. 


Campbell," whose son, John Poage Campbell,^" ^\.V)., a 
brilliant man, was adopted and educated by his uncle, 
Maj. John W. Campbell," who was childless and 
w^ealthy. The latter is said to be buried between the 
towns of Fleming and Maysville, Kv. 

The Walker history identifies Maj. John Walker 
Campbell as the owner of four thousand acres of land 
adjoining Louisville, Ky., and for whom was named 
Campbell County, Kentucky, opposite Cincinnati, Ohio. 
This statement requires further proof. It also states 
that the English Parliament, between 1850 and 1802, 
passed a sjx^cial act laying aside certain moneys for the 
benefit of the heirs of (9) Maj. John Walker Campbell, f 
who w^as rightful heir to certain Scotch titles. The 
Richmond Standard of June 20, ISSO, .states that Gen. 
William Campbell was the nephew of the one who held titles, showing that, though the tradition is prob- 
ably not correct, yet there was a general belief in the 
relationship of the Northern and Southern branches of 
the family; and Mrs. James P. Gray (Mrs. Mai*y Inman 
Gray), of Atlanta, Ga., writes: "From all sources, I 
hear that the Campbells who married Walkers are the 
same line as Gen. William Campbell, of Pevolutionary 
fame." (10) Robert Campbell's® wife, Rebecca, was a 
daughter of John Wallace, "a Presbyterian of Augusta 
County, Virginia." ''The Historic Families of Ken- 
tucky," and the Walker history, state that Robert was 
one of the first Justices of Augusta County, Virginia, 
and bought 350 acres of land in Beverly's Manor on Julv 
23, 1740; but Waddell's "Annals of Augusta County" 

tin 1882, Marcellus Campbell stated that the estate of a titled 
gentleman of Scotland, named Campbell, was paid into the 
English treasury for lack of heirs. It is there yet. Dr. John 
Campbell, of Northeast Indiana, had, for thirty years (since 
1852), been gathering an account of the family for the purix>se 
of recovering the estate. In 1907, Mrs. Martha Orchard Malot. 
of Bloomington, Ind., wrote: "Col. Richd. Dale Owen, now 
deceased, of New Harmony, Ind., while teachiug here (Bloom- 
ington) in the University, made a visit to England and found 
the money was there waiting to be claimed." In 1907. Mrs. 
Jas. R. Gray (Mrs. Mary Inman Gray), of Atlanta. Ga.. wrote: 
"I have had numerous letters from the Campbells. It sooms 
they only need date and proof of one marriage to make their 
claim good to the estate in Scotland." The prominence of the 
persons quoted gives weight to their statements. 


state that this was Robert, the hrotlier of Patiick and 
son of (4) JohnJ wlio married Grace Hay. 

(10) Robert Campbell," in 1781, moved to Fayette 
County, Kentucky, and with Gen. Thomas Bodly, Gen. 
Robert Poage, and General Hughes, purchased ten 
thousand acres of rich cane land in the Mayslick neigh- 
borhood ; he then moved to Mason County, Kentucky, 
where he died. This i)urcliase of lands resulted in the 
migi-ation of relatives from Augusta C(»unty, Virginia — 
the Campbells, Poages and Wilsons— to Kentucky and 
Ohio, and in the founding of Staunton, now called 
Ripley, Ohio, by Col. James Poage, in 1804. The 
writer has before him a copy of the ilSS. of the Rev. 
Dr. William McPheeters, of Raleigh, N. C, inherited by 
Mrs. Elizabeth McP. Campbell Axtell, of St. Paul, 
Minn., from her grandmother. It states that "John 
Campbell, who married Elizabeth Walker, was the 
uncle of Captain Charles Campbell" mentioned. The 
only child of the (10) Rol>ert CampbelP mentioned was 
the' (11) Rev. John Poage Campbell,^" of Virginia- 
Kentucky, and Chilicothe, Ohio; born in 17G7; died in 
1814; married three times: first, to Miss Crawford, of 
Virginia ; .second, to Miss Poage, of Kentucky ; third, to 
Isabella McDowell, of Virginia, who was a cousin of 
the wife of Rev. William McPheeters, of North Carolina. 
The Rev. William McPheeters died in 1842. Children 
of Rev. John P. Campbell: (12) Dr. James McDowell 
Campbell, ^^ of Burlington, Iowa, died in 1837, graduate 
of Transylvania University and Cincinnati Medical 
College; '(13) Dr. John Campbell,^^ of Nebraska City, 
Neb., born in 1812, member of Legislature and Constitu- 
tional Convention; one child, (14) Margaret Madison 
Campbell,^- married Thomas J. Pickett, of Mason 
County, Kentucky, grandson of William Pickett, of 
Faquier County, Virginia, who was a Revolutionary 
soldier and member of the House of Burgesses. Dr. 
John CampbelP^ had one daughter, who married John 
Sumner Baskerville, graduate of Hartford Theological 
Seminary, took a four-years' course at IlampdenSidney 
College and two jears at Yale. 

Rev. John Poage Campbell, M.D., was a naturalist, 
antiquarian, pulpit orator, and eonversialist in a turbu- 


lent jieriod. After thorough training in the academies, 
Dr. Caniitbell graduated, in 1700, at Hampden-Sidney ; 
"then he studied medicine with his kinsman, Dr. David 
Campbell, a native of Virginia, but a graduate of the 
University of Edinburgh, whose inaugural thesis, dedi- 
cated to Theodrick Bland and Kobert Muuford, both 
earnest patriots of the devolution, printed at Edin- 
burgh in 1777. and couched in the purest and most 
elegant latiuity. attest the perfection to which classical 
scholarship was carried at that day." 
^ We revert to (8) Charles Campbell, ^emigrant, brother 
of (7) John Campbell,- who married Elizabeth Walker. 
(8) Charles Campbell® was born in Ireland in 1703; 
died in October or Novemt)er, 1778; his will was written 
in 1775. probated November 11, 1778; married about 
1735, in Ireland, to Mary Trotter, who died, aged eighty- 
four years; they emigrated in 17-40 to Augusta County, 
Virginia, by way of Philadelphia. He purcha.sed fifty 
acres July 12. 174G, by land grant from King George II, 
and four hundred acres September IG, 1747, from John 
Anderson. The home was five miles northeast of Staun- 
ton, and between his lands and that town were located 
the Rev. John Craig, the first Pi-e.sbyterian minister of 
the Valle\' of Virginia, who was pastor of the ''Old 
Stone Church" (Augusta Church), the first church in 
the valley, erected in 1747, its pi-edecessor, built of logs 
in 1740 ; it was organized in 1737. Others of the neigh- 
borhood were : James Robertson, whose family are 
famous in Tennessee annals; Robert Poage, who enter- 
tained Washington, and at his request his descendants 
moved to Kentucky and Ohio to help possess and hold 
the Ohio Valley for the Colonies. Above were the Pres- 
tons. nearer to the site of Staunton. 

Charles Campbell's neighbors, the Andersons, removed 
to near what is now Pendleton, Anderson County, 
South Carolina, and Charles Campl)ell must have 
removed with them. While his son. Captain Charles 
Campbell, was born in 1741, in Augusta County, yet his 
father purchased no land until 1746. They built a stone 
church in South Carolina, calling it '"The Old Stone 
Church." after the one in which they had worshii)ed 
north of the site of Staunton. The record of Marcellus 


Cnjnpbcll,'^ brother of John Campbell, ^^ of Tronton, 
Ohio, slates: "Charles Campbell® and Mary Trotter at 
one time lived in South Carolina. Just prior to the 
depreciation of Continental money, lie sold his land for 
8,000 pounds, equal then to .^'25,000, and came to near 
Grattan's Mills and Millar's Iron Works, in Augusta 
County, Virginia. He was a planter with numerous 
slaves. In Virginia, he lived in a large, fine house, the 
first story of stone, the second story of logs." 

We can imagine the house so built, because of the 
Indians, and that the depreciation of currency just 
after the sale caused hira some loss. He probably 
returned to Augusta County in 1746, disposing of his 
South Carolina property long after it had enhanced in 
value. As a town, Staunton did not then exist, and 
Grattan's Mills may have had greater local repute, and 
were ten to fourteen miles away. "There were no 
roads then, except the occasional trail of the Indian ; 
they had nothing to guide them save the compass, the 
stars, and the moss upon the trees." (8) Charles Camp- 
belP willed his homestead to his son, (15) William 
Campbell,® with a few slaves, and no other real estate 
was enumerated, but it is included in the clause "and 
the rest of my estate I allow to be equally divided 
among my other children, and this is to be done by my 
sons, John and Charles Campbell." 

He had seven sons and three daughters, to wit: 
(9) Robert,® (10) Hugh," (11) John," (12) Charles,® 
(13) James,® (14) Joseph,® (15) William,® (16) Eliz- 
abeth,® (17) Mary® and (18) Sarah.® 

(9) Robert® had three children: (19) Hugh,i° 
(20) Robert^" and (20) Sarah.^" (19) Hugh,^° on 
March 5, 1783, owned lot No. 24, in Lexington, Va., and 
on May 22, 1785, granted to his brother, (20) Robert," a 
power of attorney to sell 350 acres of land located in 
Granville County, South Carolina. This land was 
purchased by their father, (9) Robert,® in 1767, pre- 
sumably from the latter's father, (8) Charles,® and in- 
herited by (19) Hugh," under -the Virginia law of 
primogeniture. Robert died between 1767 and 1775, 
the date of the will of (8) Charles. 

(10) Hugh,® son of Charles,® no record. 


(11) John," no record; was one of tbe executors of 
his father's will. 

(12) Capt. Charles Campbell,^ fourth sou of the emi- 
grant, (8) Charles, was married in 17G4 to Mary Ann 
Downey, whose father, Sam'l Downey, married Martha 
McPhecters, aunt of Dr. Wm. McPheeters, and sister of 
John McPheeters, who married (IG) Elizabeth Camp- 
bell," sister of (32) Capt. Charles Campbell.^ Captain 
Campbell served under Gen. Alexander Hamilton; was 
one of the first justices (1778) of Rockbridge County, 
Virginia; High Sheriff, 1808-1810, a position considered 
to be of great honor and the highway to wealth ; was a 
member of the General Assembly, 1788-1790; elder in 
New Providence Church, with James Wilson, and_with 
him was appointed by Hanover Presbytery, in 17 1 5, to 
collect funds to establish Augusta Academy on the land 
of James Wilson, on Mount Pleasant, afterwards inher- 
ited by his son, Moses Wilson. This was the germ of 
Washington and Lee University. Captain Campbell 
was trustee of the same twenty-nine years, with many of 
our relatives, the Campbells and Wilsons. Two months 
before the Declaration of Independence he voted with 
the trustees to change the name of Augusta Academy 
to Liberty Hall, while the British flag was still floating 
over the capitol. Children : five sons and two daughters 
grew to maturitv: (13) James,^° (14) Sam'l L.,^** 
(15) Mary," (16) William,^" (17) John Wilson,!" 
Isaac!" and (18) Rachel.^" 

(13) James!" niarried, January 25, 1793, Sarah Trot- 
ter, and had three sons and five daughters. 

(15) Mary!" married James McClung, December 24, 

(18) RacheP" married Amiel Rogers. 

(14) Dr. Samuel L. CampbelP" was born in 1766; 
married, September 9, 1794, to Sarah Alexander, sister 
of the Rev. Dr. Archibald Alexander, that great light 
of post-Revolutionary days, whose beams illumine the 
pages of Presbyterian history. Dr. Alexander was 
President of Hampden-Sidney 'College. At his sugges- 
tion the General Assembly established Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary, and afterwards he was placed at its 
head. Dr. Archibald Alexander married Jeanette, 


(laughter of Rev. James Waddell, who was the "blind 
preacher" of AA'illiam Wirt's classic pen. Sally Alex- 
ander Canii)lK'll had two nephews, one of whom was 
Josei)h Addison Alexander, professor at Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary; the other was the Rov. James Wad- 
dell Alexander, D.D., pastor fifteen years of the Fifth 
Avenue Church, New York City (1845), when it was 
located on Duane Street. In l^ijH Ihe Kev. Dr. John 
Hall began his long pastorate of this church. 

(1(5) William'" married, in August, 1800, Elizal)eth 
McPheeters, bora in 1781 ; he died November 10, 1816. 

(17) John Wilson Campbell, '° born in 1779; died in 
1842; married about 1806, to Mildred Walker Moore, 
of Sidney Vale, Rockbridge County, Virginia, born June 
16, 1788; died in 1882 or 1883. 

(14) Dr. Samuel Legrand Camtbell.^" 

Dr. Campbell, the second President (1798) of Wash- 
ington and Lee University, was boi-n one mile from 
Mount Pleasant, and lived in Rockbridge County at 
Rock Castle, three miles west of Lexington, in a stone 
dwelling which he erected. He served Washington 
College as officer, tutor and faithful trustee for twenty- 
five years (1782-1807). He was literary, an able and 
attractive writer, and is freely quoted by various his- 
tories. His tribute to the Mount Pleasant location of 
Augusta Academy exults in its triumphant beginning, 
and mourns the departed great, whose careei*s brought 
such honor to its name; it is an elegant composition. 
In 1706 he was appointed with the rector and Samuel 
Houston to prepare an appeal to President Washington 
to donate ^50,000, which was successful, insuring the 
future of Washington College. In old age he lost his 
eyesight, and died on April 24, 1840. His obituary 
states that he was a "scholar, gentleman and philan- 
thropist," without reproach or an enemy. Children : 
four sons, all graduates of Wa.shington College with 
the degree of A.B., and three daughters, who married, 
respectively. Dr. Rol)ert McClure and Rev. Nathaniel C. 


Callionn, botli alumni of the college; the third daughter 
married John S. ^^'ilson, a prominent citizen of Buch- 
anan, Va. The sons were : 

(15) Charles Fenelon Camplxjll," in 1823 removed 
to Ripley, Ohio; he was a lawyer; died August 2, 1804; 
married Harriet Essington Kephart, born in 1813, who 
was living at Ripley, January, 1909. 

(IG I William M*. CampbelT^ graduated in 1S25; 
removed to St. Louis, Mo. ; editor of the Evening Gazette 
and ^t. Louis Repuhlican: writer; gifted man ; lawyer; 
member, respectively, of the House of Delegates, Senate, 
and Constitutional Convention of Missouri; bachelor; 
died in 1850. 

(17) Samuel Davies Campbell" graduated in 1830; 
three daughters married ; Presbyterian minister in Vir- 
ginia, Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama and Florida; he 
married Jane Orbison ; he died in 18G3. 

(18) John A. Campbell" graduated in 1839; physi- 
cian of Park vi lie, Mo. ; was one of the founders of Park 
College there; died there in 1882. 

(15) Judge Charles Fenelon Campbell," State Sen- 
ator; editor of 0/(/o Whig (1840) ; of Ripley Bee (1849- 
1862); resided in Ripley and Georgetown, Ohio; had 
one daughter, a widow, and five sons, all editors, to wit : 
(19) Angus K. Campbell,'^ married Miss Kirker, grand- 
daughter of Governor Kirker, of Ohio; lawyer; large 
manufacturer of Des Moines, Iowa. (20) Frank T. 
Campbell,'- died in 1907, aged seventy-one years; 
member of Iowa I^egislature four ye^rs; Lieutenant- 
Governor of Iowa; Railroad Commissioner two years; 
elected member of Congress; counted out by a Demo- 
cratic House; editor of several Iowa papers. (21) 
Wm. Archibald CampbelP' of Lima, Ohio, one of three 
ownere of Lima Gazette; formerly editor of Lima Re- 
publican Gazette; one son, owtis a paper in Enid, 
Oklahoma. Has three daughters and two sons. (22) 
John Q. A. Campbell,'- of Bellefontaine, Ohio, editor of 
Belief ontaine Repuhlican thirty nine years; has two 
daughters living. (23) Charles Campbell'- was editor 
at Lima, Ohio, formerly editor of Bellefontaine Repub- 
lican; lives at Bellefontaine, Ohio; had nine children. 

(16) William Camplx'll,'" whose wife was Elizabeth, 


sister of Rev. Dr. William McPlieetcrs, of Kaleigli, N. C. 
A copy of the latter's MSS. is now before the writer. 
They moved to Knight.stowii, liid., in 1833 ; five children 
grew to maturity, to wit : 

(24) James McFheeters Campbell,'^ born November 
IG, 1804; died April 22, 1884; married, April 7, 1831, 
to Betsy G. Bi-own, daughter of Kev. Samuel Brown, 
pastor of New I'rovideuce Church; lived fifty ^ears in 
Kuightstown, lud. ; he joined New Providence Church, 
Kockbridge County, Virginia, in 1820. There is much 
in heredity. Mr. Campbell came of a long line of sturdy 
Scotch heroes that have done much to shed about the 
rugged fastnesses of old Scotia an imijcrishable luster. 

"In his veins ran the blood of the Covenanters. The 
old Highland Campbells that had suffered for the Faith 
delivered to the Saints, and led the sturdy clans against 
the oppression of religious despotism, were at once an 
inspiration to his steadfast reliance on the old church 
of his fathers, and left to him a heritage of unwavering 
fidelity to his God. Eich indeed in the history of per- 
secution for the truth, valor and endurance for the right, 
indomitable courage in the face of disaster and over- 
whelming odds is the race from which James Campbell 
sprang, and whose name he has borne with all good 
report for eighty yeare." lie had two daughters mar- 
ried, to wit : 

(25) Eliza McP. Campbell, ^^ born in January, 
1834; married, November 30, 1853, to Rev. Charles 
Axtell, born in 1818; died October 31, 1891; son of a 
minister; has two daughters married, to wit : (2G) Mary 
L. Axtell,'^ born in 1802; married, in 1884, to Gen. 
Judsou W. Bishop, of St. Paul, Minn. ; has five children. 
(27) Harriet Axtell,^« born in 1808; married, in 1895, 
to Mr. Johnston, of New York Citv; has one daughter. 

(22) Rachel Mary Campbell,^^ "b^rn in 18:36; died 
January 22, 1902; married, in 1857, to Joseph E. King; 
died in Texas in 1805; had two children: Elizabeth 
Helen King and Frank Campbell King, born in 1861; 
married ; all live in Kansas Citv, Mo. 

(29) Mildred E. Campbell,"' born in 1808; died in 

(30) Rebecca G. Campbell," born in 1811; married. 

Dr. Samuel Legrand Campbell. 

Second President of Washington and Lee University, Virginia, 1798. 
Born 1766; Died 1840. 


in 1842, to Joshua IJall; bad two cliildien, to wit: 
(31) Mildred Klliolt nal],^^ i^^^.^ ^^ ^3^^. ^^aiTied, in 
18G0, to Milo P. Smith, a lawyer of Cedar Eaiiids, Iowa; 
has three childien. (32) James Kichard llall/^ mar- 
ried, in 1S7D, to Eliza Monk, of Salt Lake City; died in 
181)7; they moved to Tyler, Wash, ; had four children. 

(33) Charles Downey Campbell," born April 5, 1813; 
died in lOdl. last of his family; manicd A'enice Hope- 
well, of Indiana. 

(34) Rachel Moore Campbell," born May 28, 1815; 
died January 9, 1888; united with New Providence 
Church, Rockbridge County, Virginia, in 1831. 

(17) John Wilson CarapbelP" had four children, to 

(3G) Charles Campbell," historian of Virginia, had 
four children, to Avit : 

(37) JMary Spotswood Campbell,^- married Leiper 
Moore Robinson, of Bowling Green, Caroline County, 
Virginia; issue: two sons. 

(38) Nannie,^== Fanny'^ and Charles,'^ born in 1857, 
of Erie, Pa. 

Lavinia McP. Campbell." 

(30) Elizabeth Moore Campbell." 

(40) Alex. S. Campbell." 

The last three named are sisters and brother of 
Charles Campbell, historian. This completes the de- 
scendants of (12) Capt. Charles Campbell.® We now 
revert to his brothers. 

James Campbell,® no record. 

Joseph Campbell,® no record, except that his descend- 
ants, in 1870, lived and prospered in Illinois. The 
next is : 

(15) William Campbell.® 

Born in 1754, in Augusta County, Virginia; died in 
1822, at Ripley, Ohio; married in 1775, to Elizabeth 
Wilson, born February 14, 1758; died February 27, 
1832. She was the daughter of James Wilson, elder in 
New Providence, who located Augusta Academy on 
his land on Mount Pleasant, Rockbridge County, Vir- 
ginia. Her father lived near Brownsbnrg, Rockbridge 



Coiintv. ITo was born in 1715, in Ulster, Ireland, of 
Scotch descent; emigrated as a child, parents died at 
sea; lived in Philadelphia and in Pennsylvania until 
1771 ; early in 1750 he married Kebekah Willson, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Willson, M-ho resided two miles east of 
Fairlield. "Old P>nrgess Willson," or Col. John Will- 
son, was brother to Thomas Willson, and was Burgess 
from the organ i/.ation of Augusta County, in 1745, to 
his death, in 1773 — twenty-seven years. 

(15) William Campbefl,®* a Kevolutionary soldier 
and Presbyterian elder, inherited his father's home, 
resided there thirteen years after the father's death, 
and a few years after the death of his mother, Mary 
Trotter Cam})bell. At the age of thirty-seven, in 1701, 
he followed his counsin, (10) Roliert Canipbell,* to Ken- 
tucky, where he located in Bourbon County, and in 1798 
removed to tliat part of Adams County now in Browm 
County, Ohio. He had sixteen children, eleven of whom 
grew to maturity, to wit: (41) James,^° (42) Charles,^" 
(43) John Willson,^" (44) Joseph N.,^" (45) Elizabeth,^" 
(46) Marv,i° (47) Rel)ecca,'« (4S) Samuel,^" (49) 
Phoebe,^'' (50) Sarah^° and Fidelia.^^ 

(41) James Campbell,^" born in 1770; married Mary 
Duncan, and had seven children, to wit: Nancy," mar- 
ried James McElheny; Washington," married Ellen J. 
Lilly; Elizabeth," married Duncan Evans; Hiram," 
married, tirst, Eachel Star; second, Sarah E. Woodrow. 
His second wife was a niece of Gov. Allen Trimble, of 
Ohio, and relative of D. T. Woodrow (deceased), of 
Cincinnati, O. He was editor at Hillsboro, O., and iron 
manufacturer at Ironton, O. Eliza," married James 
Ralston. (52) John Milton Campbell" died in 1844, 
unmarried, while a missionary to Africa. He was born 
in 1812 in Fleming County, Kentucky; removed to 
Bro\Mi County, Ohio, in 1824 ; graduated at Miami 
University in 1840; missionary to Indians, same year; 
graduated in 1843 at Lane Theological Seminary. 
Beautiful poems upon his death were written by Mrs. 
Lvdia H. Siiiournev and Mrs. M. B. Crocker. His life 

*(15) William Campbell,' his brother. James.' and sister, 
Sarah,* were baptized near the Natural Bridge by the Rev, 
Georse Whitefield. 


aud letters were published in a memoir by the Presbyte- 
rian Board of Foreign ^lissious. A large memorial 
window in First Presbyterian Church at Ironton, Ohio, 
is dedicated to his memory. Jane Campbell, ^^ married 
William Macklen. 

(42) Charles Campbell,^" born December 21, 1777; 
died September 25, 1S71 ; married, September 20, 1S03, 
in Ohift. to Elizabeth Tweed. She was ])orn February 
13, 1777; died in 1S70. Her father, Archibald, born in 
1748, was a Revolutionary soldier. He was at the 
Battle of Brandy wine, and the siege of York ; died 
December 24, 1880; married Jeanette Patterson, born 
in 1751 ; died in 1820. His father, Robert Tweed, bora 
about 1720, married Nancy Caldwell. 

Elizabeth Tweed's ancestors of that name were from 
the English side of the river Tweed (one tradition 
claims that they were English) ; thence they emigrated 
to the border line between Maryland and Pennsylvania, 
and located on a stream called "Woolen Bi-eeches," and 
owned a mill of that name there, about forty miles by 
wagon road from Baltimor-e. There were two houses 
on their farm, one in each State, because of its size. 
Most of the relatives believe that the Tweeds were 
Scotch; we know that they intermarried with the Pat- 
tersons and other Scotch families. 

(42) Charles CampbelP" and wife lived not far from 
the home of Gen. U. S. Grant's parents, some of the 
children attending the same school. Issue : live sons, 
four of whom grew to maturity, to wit : 

(53) William Wilson Campbell, ^^ married Sarah 
Porter ; died December 17, 1880, aged seventy-six years, 
four months, eleven days. 

(54) John Campbell," married Elizabeth C. Clark, 
March 16, 1837, at Pine Grove Furnace. She was born 
April 15, 1815, at Manchester, Ohio; died November 19, 
1893, at Ironton, Ohio. Her grandfather, the second 
John Ellison, bora in 1752; died in 182G; married, in 
1787, to Mary Bratton, bora September 28, 1767; died 
in April, 18ti7, aged ninety-nine years, seven months. 
They emigrated from Sixmilecross, County Tyrone, 
Ulster, Ireland, in May, 1705, to Manchester, Ohio, with, Jennie Varner: son, James, born in 1787, who 


married ^fary, daugbter of Rev. William ^"\'illiamson, 
and dan<:liter, :Mary B. Ellison, born in Marcb, 17IJ2; 
died in 1S\:\; married, in ISO!), to James Clarice. Mary 
Bratton, tlie wife, lived one mile east of Sixmilecross; 
her homestead was named "Cavenreagb," and has been 
occnpied several generations; it was still in their pos- 
session in 1882, and was located on "lirat tin's Brae," at 
the foot of which was the "King's highway" leading 
from Belfast to Londonderry, and the ever-living stream 
called "The Glusha." Her father, James Bratton, born 
about 1730, married Miss Glasgow, from Killeycuragh, 
near Cookstown, about fifteen miles northeasterly from 
Sixmilecross. The Brattons and Glasgows were Scotch ; 
the former went to Ireland during the })ersecntion; 
the latter when the Prince of Wales went over with his 

(54) John Campbell'^ had eight children. Two died 
in infancy, six grew to maturity — four daughters and 
two sons. Only the sons are now (1908) living, both 
unmarried : 

Albert Campbell,'- born in 1846, a veteran of the Civil 
War, lives in Washington, D. C. 

Charles Campbell, '^ born in 1851, graduated a civil 
engineer in 1873, at the Eeussalaer Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, Troy, N. Y. Is an iron manufacturer now (1908), 
and resides at ITccla Furnace, near Ironton, Ohio. 

Mary J. Campbell,'- a sister, was born in 1838; died 
in 1884; married, in 1861, Hon. Henry Safford Neal, of 
Ironton, Ohio. He was State Eepresentative and 
Senator, Consul to Lisbon, member of Congress six 
years, Solicitor of the United States Treasury under 
President Arthur; died in 1906. 

Martha E. Campbell,'' a sister, was bom in 1842; 
died in 1904 ; married, in 1859, William Means, son of 
Thomas W. Means; was an iron manufacturer and 
commission merchant of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Two of the sistere died unmarried : Emma, bom in 
1844 ; died in 1884. Clara, bom in 1848 ; died in 1895. 

(55) James Marcellus Campbell'* married late in life. 
Had no children. 

(56) Joseph N. Harvey Campbell" married; children 
all deceased. He was bom January 30, 1816; was 


member of Iowa Lcgislalurc in 1SG4. (57) Gen. Marion 
CampbelP- was one of his sons. 

(5G) J N. U. Can)i)belP^ served over two years m the 
Civil War; was Adjnlaul of 8th licgimeut of Iowa 
Infantry. He moved to DeSoto County, Mississippi. 
Was Representative, and also Senator from that county 
in the State Legislature, and was Brigadier-C.eneral of 
militia. He married a S(.utliern lady. His wife and 
children died, and he was drowned. 

(4.3) John Wilson Campbell,'" of West Union, Adams 
County, Ohio, first cousin of (17) John Wilson Camp- 
bell,'" "of Petersburg, Va. ; both named for John Wilson, 
brother of Elizabeth Wilson, who married (15) ^Villiam 
Campbell." John Wilson married Betsey Downey, a 
sister to Mary Ann Downey, wife of (12) Capt. Charles 

(43) John Wilson CampbelP" married Eleanor Doak, 
daughter of Col. Robert Doak, who secured in presby- 
tery the services of the Rev. John Craig for Augusta 
Church (Old Stone Church), in Augusta County, in the 
year 1740, being the tirst Presbyterian minister and the 
first Presbvterian church in the Valley of Virginia. 
See biograi>hy of J. W. Campbell, who was United States 
District Judge in 1S29, and member of Congress, 1816- 
1826. He had no children. 

(44) Joseph N. CampbelP'' (see biography) was 
Common Pleas Judge, at the age of twenty-six, of Cler- 
mont Countv, also Judge for Brown County, Ohio. He 
married Elizabeth Kirker, daughter of Governor Kirker, 
of Ohio, He had three children grown, to wit: 

(58) Sarah Ann Wilson Campbell," married Samuel 
Hemphill; (59) William B. Campbell," married Mary 
Leavett; (60) James S. Campbell," married Antoinette 

T T'^ V 111 ^ 

^ (45) Elizabeth CampbelP° married William Hum- 
phrevs, and had six children, to wit : 

Mriry Ann H., died when eighteen months old. (61) 
William Smith H." married Henrietta Wright; had 
one daughter, Marv Gay Humphreys. (62) John 
Wilson H.," married Isabella Rankin, a descendant of 
Rev. Samuel Doak, founder and President of Washing- 
ton College, Tennessee; daughter of Rev. John Rankin, 


of Ripley, Ohio; llieii- daughter, Eliza H., married Col. 
George X. Gray, of Ironton, Ohio. Amanda D. H.,^^ 
died single. Eliza A. 11.,^^ died, aged eighteen years. 
Mary Gay 11.,^^ died, aged .seven years. 

(46) Mary,^" married Arch C. Tweed. 

(47) Eehet'ca,'" married William Baird. 

(4S) Samuel Campbell,^" married Esther Baird. 
Their daughter, ((j4) Mary Ann Campbell, ^^ married 
Chambers Baird in 1837; she died in 1844; he died in 
1887, aged seventy-five years. They had no children. 
See pages 208 and 51.3 of ^'History of Adams County, 
Ohio," by N. W. Evans. 

(49) Phoebe,^" married Henry Martin, and had six 
children, to wit: (Go) Elizabeth Martin," married 
Thomas S. Saulsbury; (6G) Jane Martin," married 
William J. Kepheart; (G) Harriet Martin," married 
Archibald Hopkins; (G8) John Martin," married Sallie 
King; (GO) Henry Martin," married Mary Prine; 

(70) Samuel Martin," married Kate Steel. 

(50) Sarah, ^° married John Bimpson. Their son, 

(71) Joseph Bimpson," married Julia Henshaw. 

(51) Fidelia,^" born May 22, 1801; married Benjamin 
Hopkins, August 20, 1823 ; he died July 20, 1827 ; they 
had a son, who died in infancy, and one single daughter, 
Elizabeth, deceased. 

The three sisters whose names follow were born be- 
tween 1742 and 1753, were daughters of (8) Charles:^ 

(16) Elizabeth Campbell,® of Augusta County, Vir- 
ginia, sister of Capt. Charles Campbell,® married John 
McPhceters,*of said county,au uncle ofKev. Dr. William 
McPheeters, of North Carolina, and son of William and 
Rebecca McPheeters. They had seven children, all 
members of the church, to wit: (a) Rebecca, who mar- 
ried her cousin. Rev. James Crawford; (b) Mary, 
(c) Sarah, (d) WMlliam, (e) Charles, (f) Elizabeth 
and (g) Jane. 

(17) Mary Campbell and (18) Sarah Campbell. It 
is believed that one of these two sisters married Mr. 
Trotter, who was her own cousin. 

*It was said that the McPheeters family furnished more 
rresbyterian ministers than any other family in America. 


This completes the record of (3) Robert Campl>€ll,^ 
son of (1) tDuncau Campbell," who married Mary 

Ou) Stonk CnuucH (Augusta Church). 

At the time of Braddock's defeat, the church was 
surrounded by fortilications. It was erected with nar- 
row windowsand a stone kitchen attached, for defense, 
in 1747 (organized in 1737). 

If Virginia was called the '"Mother of Statesmen," 
truly may we say Augusta Church is the mother of 

At an early period in its history this congregation 
sent to P^ngland for the handsome communion service 
that has been in continuous service to date. This was 
before Philadelphia was a shipping port. The vessel 
which brought this service lauded at New Castle, Del. 

The "token-' which was used at this time in Com- 
munion service, was a small piece of copi>er with the 
letters, ''J. C. A. C," evidently being the initial lettere 
of "John Craig, Augusta Chiirch." It was necessary 
for those who wished to commune to procure one of 
these tokens. 

legend says the first floor of the chruch was made of 
stone. The Rev. William Wilson was its pastor, 1780- 

"And see the high old pulpit stand 
Reside the long north wall ; 
And the sounding board that hung above, 

The chancel near at hand ; 
As now we see the grand old beam across. 
That spans beneath the dome today. 

"Yet another scene's before us! 

It is a Communion day, 
And the pows and aisles are peopled, 

Awed and sombre In 'array, 
By those living in the distance. 

Three times fifty years away. 

tThe ancient name of Duncan was Dionisius, and was 
applied to some of the earliest kings of Scotland. 


"Thou liast passed through Revolutious, 

And hast echoed hack the yells 
Of tlie savages in hiding. 

Or when traversing the dells, 
And thy secrets, could we know them, 

NVould enchant, like Charmer's sitells. 

"Grove-embowered church and fortress, 
Reared for worship and defense! 

Border tales, and songs, and sermons ' 
Charged with old-time eloquence, 

Linger here, like mountain echoes. 
Or like some rare redolence." 

The foregoing was culled from the bound volume of 
history of Augusta Church. Nearly all the Augusta 
County, Virginia, Campbell ancestors worshiped there. 

Drscexdaxts of Dougal, Son of Duncan Campbell 
AND Mary McCoy. 

^Dougal Campbell, son of ^Duncan and Mary McCoy 
Campbell, came from Berkley County, Virginia 
(now West Virginia), to Rockbridge County, in 
1780. His will is dated February 10, 1790, proved 
April 8, 1795. A deed to him was recorded in 1762, in 
Winchester, Frederick County, now Berkley County, 
West Virginia; this land has been in the possession of 
his descendants ever since, excepting from 1839 to 1849. 
They were still in possession in 1907. He had five 
children, namely: ^Duncan, ^Joseph, *Mary, ®James 
and ^Alexander Campbell. 

^Duncan emigrated to Rockbridge County, Virginia, 
and many of his descendants still live in that county. 

^Joseph also settled in the above named county. He 
died unmarried. 

®Mary married John Finley. They removed from 
Virginia to Ohio, and left descendants in that State. 

^James came from Inverness, Scotland, to Virginia, in 
1772, and married Sarah Campbell. She may have been 
his cousin. They had six children, namely: ^Dougal, 
^William, ®James, ®Mary, "Margaret and "Annie Camp- 
bell. "Dougal married Sarah Lyle, daughter of Robert 

Dr. John Poage Campbell. 

Born 1767: Died 1814. 


Lyle. Their grandson was ^'W. C. Campbell. "William 
married Fjinuy Pendleton. "James married Mary Lyle, 
daughter of John Lyle. "Mary married Alexander Pol- 
lock. "Margaret married William McFarland, and 
'Annie married Charles Orrick. 

^Alexander Campbell (son of 'Doiigal, who was either 
nephew or brother of 'John, who married Griselle Hay), 
supposed to be the youngest son, Avas born in 17.50. and 
died in 1S08. lie lived on Timber Kidge, in Virginia; 
was Trustee of Washington College, Virginia, under the 
original charter; was County Surveyor, a position at 
that time of great importance. He was an intelligent 
man, interested in the cause of education. He and 
Capt. Charles Campbell sat together on the Board of 
Trustees of Washington College from 1784 to 1S07. 

The above-named ^Alexander Campbell and his de 
scendauts owned one-half interest in the Old Rockbridge 
Alum Springs in Virginia, with a large tract of land ad 
joining the springs. He had five children, namely : Dr, 
'Samuel E., a graduate of Washington College, Virginia, 
was a surgeon in the Confederate States Army in 1861 
Eev. "William G., also a graduate of Washington Col 
lege, lived in Harrisonburg, Virginia, and died in 1881, 
aged eighty-two years. "James was four years a tutor 
in Washington College, Virginia. lie married Susan 
Goosley. "Addison married, first, a daughter of Capt. 
John Lyle. "Robert S., born in 1790, married Isabella 
Paxton ;* died in 1861. They had six children, as fol- 
lows: ^"Alexander P., eldest son, was a classical teacher 
most of his life. He had one son, ^^Robert Campbell, a 
lawyer. "John L., bom in 1818, died in 1886, was 
Professor of Chemistry and Geology in Washington and 
Lee LTniversity, Virginia ; his four sons were : "John L., 
married a descendant of Samuel and William Lyle, and 
of President Ruffner; he was Treasurer of Washington 
and Lee University in 1906; Dr. "Edward, died in 1880; 
Rev. "Robert F. and "Harvey D. Campbell, Ph.D., Pro- 
fessor of Geology and Biology in Washington and Lee 

*"Gen. Alex. H. H. Stuart pronounced the Paxtons to be the 
most gallant and the proudest of all the families of the Valley. 
The mother of Gen. Sam Houston, the President of Texas, was 
a Paxton." — Green's "Historic Far7ulics of Kentucky." 


Univerpity. ^''James D. Campbell, son of '^Robert S. 
and Isabella Paxtou Campbell, lived in North Carolina; 
was a teacher and publisher. Rev. ^"Lemuel B. Camp- 
bell was a teacher in Southwestern Virginia, Tennessee 
and Texas. Rev. ^^'Williara A. Campbell, of Eastern 
Virginia, at one time Assistant Professor of Mathemat- 
ics in ^yashingtun College ; two of his sous graduated at 
Washiuglon and Lee University: Rev. ^'William S., of 

Uenrico County, and ^^Leslie L. Campl)€ll. ^'^ 

Campbell, married ^Villiam Hagan. 

CoriED FROM Washington and Lee Catalogue. 

Nayne. Period. 

Jno. Wilson Campbell, of Petersburg, Va 1789-1800 

Rev. .Tas. C. Wilson (Instructor Hampden-Sidney, 

Pastor Tinkling Spring Church) 1800-1803 

Mathew D. Wilson 1806-1807 

Wra. Campbell Preston, of South Carolina— Orator 1809-1810 

Alpheus P. Wnison 1811-1812 

Sam'l R. Campbell (Surgeon C. S. A., died in 1861) .. .1824-182.0 

Rev. Wm. G. Campbell (died in 1881) 1824-1825 

John A. Campbell ^ .18.38-1839 

Alex. Paxton Campbell 1839-1840 

Prof. John C. Campbell 1842-1843 

Prof. Thos. Newton Wilson 1847-1848 

Rev. Sam'l Blair Campbell 1&49-1S50 

Rev. Wra. Addison Campbell 1850-1851 

Prof. Wm. M. Wilson 1858-1859 

Duncan Campbell Lyle, Asst. Professor of Mathe- 
matics, 1867-1868 1868-1869 

Robt. Fishburn Campbell 1878-1879 

Harry Donald Campbell 1881-1882 

Rev. Wm. Spencer Campbell 18S2-1S83 

J. I>o\vrie Wilson, Col. Cavalry, C. S. A 1860-1861 

Leslie Lyle Campbell 1886-1887 

Charles Fenelon Campbell 1822-1823 

Wm. B. Campbell ' . 1824-1825 

Wm. M. Campbell 7 .1824-1825 

Sam'l Davies Campbell 1829-1830 

James D. Campbell 1846-1847 

Robt A. Campbell 1871-1872 

Edmund Douglas Campbell 1877-1878 

Rev. Wm. Wilson prior to 1782 

Col. John Wilson prior to 1782 

Capt Wm. Wilson 1782-1789 

Rev. Robert Wilson 1789-1800 


Name. Period. 

Ck)l. Arthur Campbell, Augusta County ; moved to 

Washington Couuty, Virginia 1749-1782 

Gen. Wm. Campbell, Augusta County; moved to 

Washington Couuty, Virginia 1749-1782 

David Campbell, Washington County, Tennessee ; 

died, 1813; Judge Supreme Court of Tennessee. . .1749-1782 


Name. Period. No. Years. 

Capt. Charles Campbell 177G-1782, 1784-1807 29 

Alexander Campbell 1782-1807 25 

Dr. Sam'l L. Campbell 1794-1812 18 

Rev. Jno. Poage Campbell 1793-1795 2 

Col. Arthur Campbell 1782-1792 10 

Rev. Wm. Wilson 1782-1807 25 

John Wilson 1782 

Rev. John Po.\ge Campbell. 
[From Pcrrm's ''History of Kentucky."] 

John Poage Campbell, scholar, theologian, and man 
of science, was born in Augusta Couuty, Virginia, in 
1767. ''In this sequestered Valley," says an ecclesias- 
tical historian, describing the Valley of Virginia, "liter- 
ature and religion flourished hand in hand, and poster- 
ity will love to associate with its i>eaceful retreats the 
honored name of a Waddel, famed for matchless elo- 
quence ; a IJogc, esteemed for sweet and apostolic piety ; 
a Caniphcll, brilliant and adroit in polemical tactics; 
and an Alcaandcr, versed in the intricate lore of the 
human heart" (Davidson). But Campbell, as we shall 
see, was something more than a brilliant polemic. "His 
talents are fit for any station," said Dr. Archibald 
Alexander, "He is an accomplished scholar and divine," 
said Dr. Dwight, the celebrated President of Yale. The 
father, Eobert Campbell, was a native of Ireland and 
one of the early magistrates of Augusta County, Vir- 
ginia. His mother was a Wallace. Campbell was a 
lineal descendant of Eutherford, the author of "Ruther- 
ford's letters," and one of the six commissioners from 
Scotland to the Westminster Assembly (Sprague's 


Annals). The son, a youth of rare promise, was thor- 
ou«,fhlj trained in the best schools of Virginia, and was 
graduated at llampden-Sidney in 1790. lie then 
studied medicine with a view Xo practice in Kentucky, 
and afterwards, upon the correction of some skeptical 
opinions, entered upon the study of theology with Drs. 
Graham and Iloge. Upon the comj)letion of his theo- 
logical coui'se in 17!»2, he was assoeialed with Dr. Iloge 
as co-pastor of the Lexington, Va., church, and in 17'J3 
was elected one of the trustees of "Liberty Hall" (now 
Washington and Lee Univei-sity), serving from 1793 to 
1795, and being present at eighteen meetings out of 
twenty (Hixson). In 1795 he removed to the State of 
Kentucky, and, in defense of his imperilled faith, 
plunged at once into a controversial career. "As a 
preacher," says Dr. Edward P. Humphrey, "he was dis- 
tinguished for weight of matter, brilliant diction, the 
flashing of a deep-set dai'k blue eye, elegance of style, 
and gracefulness of delivery." He was, also, a vigorous 
and prolific writer. In ISOG, he published a Avork 
entitled "Vindex" (Lexington: Daniel Bradford), in 
which he vindicates the principles and practices of Cal- 
vinism from the imputations of a clerical antagonist 
who had passed a sweeping censure upon "the private 
and religious character of all who held slaves;" and it 
was certainly worthy of note that Dr. Campbell, though 
a Virginian by birth, training and association, and 
closely allied by blood and marriage with influential 
slave-holding families, was one of the first clergymen in 
the State of Kentucky to proclaim the doctrine of con- 
stitutional and legal emancipation, and, consistently 
with his deliverances, to set an example in the philan- 
thropic work, by the emancipation of his own slaves 
(Vide, "Vindex," p. 45). We may mention, also, as a 
striking illustration of the thoroughness, the accuracy, 
and the high quality of Dr. Campbell's scholarship, that, 
as early as 1812, in his criticisms upon the theories of 
the elder Darwin, as developed in the Zoonomia and the 
Botanic Garden, he anticipated Sir Benjamin Brodie 
and Professor Tyndall, of our own day, in the detection 
of the germinal ideas from which the Darwin theory of 
evolution is derived. "It had been thought," says Dr. 


Campbell, in his lottei-s to a ''Gentleman at the Bar," 
"that a vast accession of light had flashed upon the 
world Avhen the author (Dr. ]Crasmus Darwin) pub- 
lished his celebrated work. It was hailed as a new era 
in philosophy. . . . But the philosophy was not 
new; the design of the poetic exhibition was not new; 
nor did the manner of the author possess a shadow of a 
claim to novelty. The doctrines had long before licen 
taught by Protagoras, Strabo, Democritus and I^ncip- 
pus. Epicurus had improved on the Democritic philos- 
ophy, and his admirer and disciple, Lucretius, had 
touched its various themes in a fine style of ptietic repre- 
sentation. All that Dr. Darwin did was to modernize 
the doctrines of Atomic philosophy and embellish them 
with the late discoveries made in botany, chemistry and 
physics. . . . Our philosopher . . . tells us 
that the progenitors of mankind were hermaphrodites, 
monsters, or mules, and that the mules which did not 
possess the powers of reproduction perished, while the 
rest, who were more fortunate in their make propagated 
the species, which ly gradual and long-continued ame- 
lioration has been moulded into its present sheipe and 
figure." Dr. Campbell liere quotes a passage from the 
5th Book of Lucretius, in which the same doctrine is 
taught and another from Aristotle to prove that the 
same hypothesis is traceable to Emj^edocles who flour- 
ished at a still earlier date. In brief, he conclusively 
demonstrates that the idea of the struggle for existence 
and for the survival of the species best fitted for the con- 
ditions of that struggle "was familiar to ancient think- 
ers." Since the appearance of the epochal work, "The 
Origin of the Species," later investigators, unconsciously 
adopting the conclusions of Dr. Campbell, have redis- 
covered the vague, fluctuating and elusive line of 
descent upon which the Darwinian theory was slowly 

It is also worthy of note, in illustrating the versatility 
of Dr. Campbell's genius and the variety of subjects that 
he discussed, that he was an active investigator in the 
field of archa?ological inquirv even before the advent of 
Kafn. The Philadelphia '"Portfolio," Vol. 1, No. 
VI, Fourth Series (1816), referring editorially to "a 


curious and learned work" on Western antiquities by 
Dr. Jolin r. Campbell, yays that the author "apix'ars to 
have been admirably Jilted, both by taste and education, 
for the task which he commenced, and to which he de- 
voted several years of toilsome and expensive research." 
Dr. Campbell ofllciated as Chaplain to the Ohio State 
Legislature in ISll. In the spring of the same year he 
was Commissioner from Kentucky to the (icneral As- 
sembly at Philadelphia, and during his sojourn in that 
city was the guest of Dr. Archibald Alexander. In the 
year following he visited Dr. Dwight at Yale College, 
and preached one of the most elTective sermons of his 
life iu the college cha^xd at that place. In the summer 
of 1814, he was actively engaged in medical practice and 
in botanical and antiquarian research, and was still 
preaching with his accustomed impressivcuess and 
vigor, when he contracted a cold from exposure, which, 
in a few months, terminated his brilliant and useful 
career. "On the 14th of November, 1814," says Dr. Col- 
lins, ''when just forty-six years old, this great man, 
great as linguist, naturalist, antiquarian and divine, 
was laid to rest." But, whether great or not in a merely 
conventional or secular sense, Dr. Campbell was con- 
fessedly great as an exponent and vindicator of his inex- 
orable creed; and when he rose, like a strong Abdiel, 
among the warring sectaries, he was hailed and wel- 
comed as the predestined leader of that "righteous 
fragment" which, in Semitic theocracy or in Anglo- 
Saxon commonwealth, is the only salvation of a State. 
The contemporary estimate of his character and abilities 
was high among those who were competent to judge; 
and, if there was any dissenting voice, it came from 
some vindictive sectary who had smarted under his lash, 
or from some clerical dullard who was envious of his 
fame. Dr. Louis Marshall, a brother of the Chief 
Justice, and himself an eminent scholar, regarded Dr. 
Campbell as a man of extraordinary gifts and accom- 
plishments. He connected himself with the church 
under Campbell's eloquent ministrations; he followed 
him with eager delight in his brilliant controversial 
career; he bore generous testimony to his accomplish- 
ments as a scholar and divine; he omitted no proof of 


his profound admiration for his talents and attain- 
ments; and, in token of his personal and particular 
appreciation, named after him his youngest son. A 
similar estimate was placed upon Dr. CampbelTs char- 
acter and capacity by John Breckinridge, Charles S. 
Todd (Minister to Kussia), Timothy Dwight, Archibald 
Alexander, and other distinguished contemporaries 
whose judgmenls are entitled to respect. 'ile was 
decidedly,-' says Judge Collins, ••the most pojmlar, tal- 
ented and influential clergyman of his day." [Vide "Col- 
lins History of Kentucky." ) The pride and imj)etuosity 
of temixir of which the envious and resentful made com- 
plaint, were as.sociated in this stern Calvinist with an 
instinctive gentleness and magnanimity, which tem- 
pered the flaming zeal of the polemic, and brightened 
with a ixiri>etual charm the austere virtues of the man. 
One of his most discriminating admirers has summed 
up his characteristic personal traits in a single word— 
inanliiicss. There was certainly no timidity nor time 
serving in the man ; no mawkishness nor meanness in 
his convictions; no weakness nor indirection in his 
methods; no selfish nor vulgar aspiration in his aims; 
and no slothfulness nor hypocrisy in his work. He was 
a scholar ''exceeding wise, fair-spoken and persuading," 
and a divine in whom the eloquence, learning and piety 
of the Calvinistic School were invigorated and sus- 
tained by the perfervidum ingcnium of the Scottish 
race. He entered upon his arduous apostolate as ad- 
mirably equipi>ed as the scholarly ecclesiasts of the 
mediaeval days, and vividly recalls, in his work, his 
spirit and his life, the saintly and heroic figures which 
are depicted upon the canvas of Montalembcrt. The 
portraiture of contemporary biography, descending to 
the physiognomical details, has preserved a faithful 
pi-esentment of the man. In person he was tall, slender 
and graceful ; his countenance was composed, thought- 
ful and grave; his complexion clear and pale; his 
carriage manly and erect. His eyes, which were his 
most remarkable feature, were dark, penetrating, and 
singularly exi)ressive. His manner was, affable 
and unaffected, and, though in the presence of strangers, 
it was slightly tinged with reserve, it always invited 


confidence and inspired respect. His social qualities 
made liiin everywhere a welcome guest. He was a bril- 
liant conversationalist and an accomplished musician, 
discoursing learnedly upon the musical art ( Vide, Dis- 
course on "Sacred Music," 1707), and playing charm- 
ingly on the flute. His social gifts, in a word, were of 
so high an order and so finely adapted to the cultivated 
ciri'k's in which he moved, that it is no disi»aragement 
to the society of his choice, to assume that lie was one 
of the most accom}>lished men of bis time and the doctor 
admirahilis of bis day. In bis domestic and social rela- 
tions be was peculiarly fortunate. His wife Mas a 
congenial companion, amiable, accomplished and well- 
connected. She was the eldest daughter of Col. James 
McDowell, of Fayette, and, being a woman of cultivated 
intellect and rare personal graces, contributed no little 
by her energy of character, sound judgment and deli- 
cate tact to her husband's personal and professional 
success. Mrs. Campbell survived her husband many 
years, residing with her family near Lexington, Ky., 
until within a short time of her death, in 1838. Two 
of her sons, adopting their father's profession, became 
distinguished and successful physicians. (For ecclesi- 
astical, and other details, see Sprague's "Annals of the 
American Pulpit," Collins' ''History of Kentucky," "The 
Annals of Augusta County," by Waddell, and Dr. Camp- 
bell's own works. 
Dece.mber 25, 1887. 

Charles Campbell, Esq., Historian of Virginia. 

BY R. A. brock, sec. VA. HIS. SOC^Y. 

Dated 1876. 

Charles Campbell, son of John Wilson and Mildred 
Walker (Moore) Campbell, was born at "Porter Hill," 
Petersburg, Va., May 1, 1807. His father was a native 
of Rockbridge County, and was descended from that 
Scotch-Irish race whose patriotism and sterling worth 
have so distinguished the "Valley of Virginia." He 


was for a series of years a proniineut bookseller of 
Petersburg, and was the author of a little 12mo. volume, 
"A History of Virginia,'' etc. "riiiladelphia : Published 
by John W. Campbell & M. Carey. 1813.'' 

The mother of Charles Campbell was the granddaugh- 
ter of Anne Katherine, daughter of Governor Alexander 
Spottswood and Bernard Moore, of ''Chelsea,'' King 
William County, Va. ?^Irs. Campbell still survives (in 
ISTGj, at the riije age of eighty-eight years, and resides 
with her son, Alexander S., near Warrentown, Va. A 
long and interesting letter which lies before the writer, 
giving particulars of the career of her distinguished son, 
attests in tJie firmness and entii'e legibility of its charac- 
tei'S tlie remarkable preservation of her faculties, 
Charles Campbell, after undergoing a preparatory 
course in the school of Peter Cooke, a native of Ireland 
and a graduate of Trinity College, Dublin, entered, in 
1823, the Sophomore Class of Princeton College, Xew 
Jersey, from whence he was graduated with the first 
honors in 1825. He was designated to deliver the Greek 
salutatory on that occasion. His name is enrolled 
among the members of the Wliig Society of the College. 
He next attended the law school of Chancellor Henry St. 
George Tucker at Winchester, Va. ; was duly licensed, 
and entered upon the practice of his profession in his 
native city. It is possible that the calling was one not 
entirely congenial with his nature, though he appears 
to have acquired a respectable knowledge of its jjrinci- 
ples and rules of practice. He did not continue long 
thus fettered. lie was from childhood of a delicate con- 
stitution, and whilst in attendance, in feeble health, in 
October, 1829, upon the sessions of the famed Constitu- 
tional Convention of Virginia of 1829-30, he was sud- 
denly prostrated by an attack which rendered him an 
invalid for a year or more, and from the etTects of which 
he never entirely recovered. His legal career, thus 
interrupted, \\\is abandoned permanently. His health 
finally somewhat improving, he was eniploj^ed for a 
time as a civil engineer upon the Petersburg railroad, 
then being constructed. 

About the year 1835 he went to Alabama, where he 
was engaged for a time in teaching a private school. 



During this period, whilst on a visit to Tennessee, he 
married Miss Klvira Callaway, of that SState, who died 
within a year, leaving a son, Callaway, now lesiding iu 
Maury County, Tennessee. Mr. Campbell married, 
second, in 1S50, Miss Anna Birdsall, of New Jersey, who 
is now residing in Fredericksburg, Va., with their chil- 
dren, two accomplished daughtei'S, Misses Mary t^potts- 
wood and Nannie, and a son, Charles, a youth of nine- 
teen years (in 1876). 

Mr. Campbell returned to Petersburg in 1837. He 
was now employed for several 3'ears in the office of his 
father, who held the federal appointment of Collector of 
Customs for that city. He next appears to have edited 
for some time a paper called The Statesman. He con- 
ducted a select classical school from about the year 1844 
to 1855, when he became the principal of Anderson Sem- 
inary, of Petersburg, which position he held until the 
inauguration of the present free school system of the 

As a teacher, Mr. Camjjbell was in the highest degree 
successful. Loving learning for learning's sake, he was 
through life a devoted student. A capricious and dis- 
criminating mind enabled him to firmly retain, duly 
digest, and aptly adapt to the needs of a professional 
and literary life the results of a wide range of deep cul- 
ture. Possessing a remarkably uniform temperament 
and benevolence of disposition, loving his pupils, he irre- 
sistibly drew them to him in tuni. In the affectionate 
confidence thus established he delighted to depart from 
the hackneyed and ofttimes irksome routine of teaching, 
and to introduce by way of relief a discussion upon 
some useful branch of learning, in which each pupil was 
invited to enter — their gentle pi-eceptor, in turn, per- 
suasively eliciting the expression of their own convic- 
tions, and the degree of information possessed by them 
touching the subject under review, judiciously directing 
and delighting with arguments and illustrations drawn 
from the wealth of his reading and the rijx^ness of his 
ex[>erience. His numerous pupils, adorning the varied 
and useful walks of life, who hold in grateful esteem and 
respect his exalted qualities of heart and mind, nobly 
vindicated the measure of his goodness and usefulnevss. 


However houorable may have been the career of Charles 
Cauipbell as an unassuming and unaspiring educator of 
youth, his early, uniemitting and preeminently useful 
service towards the elucidation of the history of Vir- 
ginia, even more strenuously entitled him to the un- 
stinted gratitude of his fellow-citi/^ns of his native 
State. Xay, more, they lay under obligation the whole 
world of letters. In that restless eagerness of spirit 
which unvaryingly characterizes the earnest student, he 
was ever willing to sacrifice personal indulgence and 
private interest in the sacred cause of truth. It is 
related of him by the loving members of his own imme- 
diate family that nearly every moment of respite from 
his daily toil was spent amid his books (those silent 
friends which beneficently offer commune with the 
choice spirits of all ages and all climes), in culling 
chaste flowers from classic fields; in brightening some 
dull page or clearing some obscure point of history ; and 
in gathering, gleaning and treasuring precious facts, 
relics and memorials. Ilis venerable mother records 
"that he was never idle, always teaching, reading, or 
writing." And his daughter states that he loved to 
write with his cherished ones surrounding him — their 
artless prattle or earnest discourse never discomposing 
him in the least. Being himself connected with the 
Carter, Spottswood and other prominent families, the 
representatives of the proud regime which graced our 
bounteous Colonial era, he loved to linger in the foot- 
steps of his ancestors. Many of his vacations were 
spent in visiting the historic seats — the old graveyards 
and the landmarks scattered along the lower James. 
He was thus enabled to gather and preserve a wonderful 
mass of genealogic data, tradition and graphic pictures 
of Colonial life and Kevolutionary incident, which, 
in the eradication of our cherished institutions, 
the ruin of our fortunes, and the consequently 
changed current of our lives and customs, and in 
new trials attendant upon changed theories of govern- 
ment, and undreamed of requirements and inflictions, 
would have been overwhelmed and stifled; or under the 
ruthless touch of the dissolving finger of time would 
have passed entirely from existence, and from memory 

228 HISTORICAL sketches. 

even, and lluis have Iteen in-evocabl}' lost. He was 
pleased to make the iiewspaper and periodical press the 
repository of his invaluable gleanings. It would be 
diflicnlt at this late [)eriod to measure accurately the 
extent of his benefactions in these precious flelds, but 
the Southern Literary Messenger, which was founded 
by Thomas Ward White, and tiie first iinmber of which 
appoaiTd in August, 18:^4, and which was ably continued 
for quite thirty years, or until June, isui, inclusive, 
under the editorial management first of its founder and 
proprietor, with the assistance of several gentlemen of 
literary ability, and then successively under that of 
James E. Heath, the erratic Edgar Allen Poe, B. B. 
Minor, John K. Thompson, Dr. George W, Bagby, and 
Frank H. Alfriend,, was enriched with frequent con- 
tributions from his jkmi of antiquarian and historic 
value and interest from the time of its commencement 
to that of its termination. It is but just that I should 
here record similar services at the hands of two other 
zealous antiquarians and historical students, the late 
Rev. John Collins McCabe, D.D., and Nathaniel Francis 
Cabell, Esq., of Nelson County. Mr. Campbell was an 
early member of the old Historical and Philosophical 
Society of Virginia, and the pages of its organ, the 
Virginia Historical Register, are also enriched with 
cheerful offerings from his pen. 

John W. C.a.mpbkll, of Wkst Union, Adams County, 

The subject of this sketch w^as born on February 23, 
1782, in Augusta County, Virginia. When nine years 
of age his father, William Campbell, moved to Kentucky. 
He attended a Latin school there taught by Rev. John 
Poage Campbell, his second cousin, and while living in 
the family of his cousin, his father moved to Brown 
County, Ohio (1798). He studied Latin in Ohio under 
the Rev. Mr. Dunlevy, and afterwards he was sent to 
continue his studies under Rev. Robert Fiuley, in High- 
land County, Ohio. Being now an excellent Latin and 


Greek scholar, he studied law at Morgautown, Va., 
under his uuole, the lion. Thomas Wilson, who was a 
member of Congress in 1811, and a lawyer of distinction. 
He was admitted to the bar in Ohio, lu 1811 he married 
Eleanor, the daughter of Col. Kobert Doak, of Augusta 
County, Virginia. He became prosecuting attorney, 
member of the Ohio Legislature, was defeated in 1812 
by a small number of votes for Congress; in 181G he 
was elected to Congress by a large majority, and re- 
elected five times by an almost unanimous vote, until he, 
against their remonstrances, declined being a candidate. 

Although Allen Trimble had, in 182G, carried the 
State by an astonishing majority, as a follower of Henry 
Clay, receiving five-sixths of the votes cast, and had 
carried Adams County against Democracy for the first 
time, yet, in 1828, while he was reelected, John W. 
Campbell, Trimble's opponent, who was nominated a 
very short time before election day, carried Adams 
County by l,OGo to 21G, and only lost the office of Gov- 
ernor by 2,020 votes in the State. The Presbyterians, 
because of their power and wealth, were dominant in 
the county, and were loyal Jacksoniau Democrats. 
Among them was Mr. Campbell and all of his relatives, 
very few or none of whom left Democracy until after 

In ;March, 1829, President Jackson appointed him 
United States District Judge for Ohio, succeeding 
Charles Willing Bird, who died in 1828. In 1831, the 
degree of Doctor of Civil Laws was conferred on him by 
Augusta College. He was President of the Ohio State 
Colonization Society at his death. His residence was 
now at Columbus, and when the cholera appeared in 
1833, he devoted his spare time to the patients and 
became worn and weakened; the death of a little 
adopted daughter occurred at this time, and he went to 
Delaware Springs, Ohio, to recuperate, but was taken 
with cholera, and died there September 24, 1833. Some 
hundreds of Columbus citizens met the funeral cortege 
near W^orthington and returned with it to the cemetery. 
He was fond of composition and criticism, and wrote a 
number of biographies; many of his papers were pub- 
lished by his widow in 1838. He was a tall, large and 


handsome niau, of geiille and mild disposition, and very 
popular. He died aged fifty-one years, but the citizens 
of Ohio anticipated a great future for him, and evidently 
he was pursuing that line of conduct that leads to 
political preferment, probably to the office of Governor 
or United States Senator. Very few men have declined 
Ihe office of Congressman as he did, and with high ideals 
and long legislative training, he was a prominent man 
of his period. 

Joseph N. Campbell. 

Bom July 5, 1783, in Augusta County, Virginia, near 
Miller's Iron Works. His father moved to Bourbon 
County, Kentucky, in 1791, and in 1798 moved to Ohio. 
On the 15th of February, 1809, at the age of twenty-six, 
he was appointed as Associate Judge for Clermont 
County, Ohio; January 8, 1817, he was reappointed for 
Clermont, but on the organization of Brown County, in 
1817, was appointed one of the first three Associate 
Judges for Brown County, and served till 1823, when 
he resigned. In July, 1816, he was married to Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of Governor Thomas Kirker, of Ohio; 
she was born in 1795; died in 1887. Her obituary 
states: ''High breeding and perfect Christian charity 
were her prominent characteristics ; she was an example 
of the best grade of womanhood, with a certain fine 
nobleness and gentle dignity that both charmed and 
benefited. Knowing the best in life, she was ever gra- 
cious and tolerant, lovely in disposition, engaging and 
courteous in personal manners." 

Judge Campbell was a member of the Presbyterian 
church in Kipley, and was a ruling elder. On July 13, 
1833. he was attacked with cholera and died of it. His 
children are as follows: 

1. Prof. James S. Campbell (deceased), Superintend- 
ent of Schools, Delaware, Ohio; two sons living are 
John E. and Joseph D. Campbell, of Delaware, Ohio. 

2. William Barney Campbell, eighty years old in 
1908, Somerset Flat, Avondale, Cincinnati, has wife. 


one son and two daughters — Doctor, Elizabeth and 

3. Sarah (married Samuel Hemphill), of Riplev; he 
died in 187!), she in ISSl ; they had four children: (1) 
Esther, wife of Albert Kautz, Admiral U. S. N., U. S. S. 
Philadelphia; he was born in 1830; commander of the 
Pacific Fleet in 1898; retired by age limit in 1001; 
died in IfMiT in Florence, Italy. Ilis brother was Major- 
General in the Army of the Potomac. Admiral Kantz 
was with Farragut before Mobile; was on the Flagship 
Hartford at the capture of New Orleans ; also ran past 
Vicksbnrg batteries. (2) Elizabeth, married Pierce; 
widow. (3) Joseph N., was commander U. S. N., LT. S. 
"S. Buffalo, at Manila, Philippine Islands; promoted 
Eear Admiral; in 1003, appointed Chief of the Koi-th 
Atlantic Fleet; retired in June, 1900, by operation of 
the age limit, after forty-seven years of active service on 
sea and land. (1) Anna, wife of Prof. Eugene Wam- 
baugh, Ilarvard Law School, Cambridge, Mass. 

John Campbell, ironmaster and capitalist, the 
founder of Ironton, Ohio, was l)orn near what is now 
called Pipley, in Brown County, Ohio, January 14, 1S08. 
His ancestors were Scotch, having removed from Inver- 
ary, Argyleshire, Scotland, to the province of Ulster, in 
Ireland, near Londonderry. Their descendants later 
removed to the English Colonies in America, settling in 
Virginia and Pennsylvania. 

The grandparents of the above-named John Campbell 
removed from Virginia to Bourbon County, Kentucky, 
in 1700, and from thence, in 1708, to that part of Ohio 
first called Adams County, and subsequently divided 
into Brown and other counties, and settled at a place 
then called Stanton, but which is now Ripley, Ohio. 
In his early manhood he engaged in business with an 
uncle, and from thence went to Hanging Rock Forge, 
long since demolished. In those early days, he was a 
most indefatigable worker for railroad communication 
with Ironton. He was a leading promoter of Scioto 
Valley. He was a ])flblic spirited man, taking a deep 
interest in everything that would advance the connnu- 
nitv in which he lived. He was charitable and kind to 


all, an especial friend of the unfortunate. He was in- 
terested in Jlanging l^ck, Lawrence and Blount Vernon 
Iron Furnaces. From the last named furnace grew up 
those large iron interests which, for a peiiod of thirty 
years afterwards, were known under the firm name of 
Campbell, Ellison & Co., of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

On the IGth of :\[arch, 1837, John Campbell Avas mar- 
ried to ]':ii/.abeth Clarke, at I'ine (Jrove Furnace. They 
luid eight childien — four daughters and two sons. Two 
died in infancy, six grew to maturity. Only the sons 
are now (190S) living, both unmarried: Albert Camp- 
bell, born in 1846, a veteran of the Civil War, lives in 
Washington, D. C; Charles Campbell, born in 1S51, 
graduated a civil engineer in 1873, is an iron manufac-' 
turer now (1908), and resides at Hecla Furnace, R. F. 
D. No. 2, Ironton, Ohio, and solicits information of 
unrecorded descendants of those mentioned in this 

Mary J. Campbell, sister of the above mentioned, was 
born in 1838; died in 1884; married, in 18G1, Hon. 
Henry Safford Neal, of Ironton, Ohio. He was State 
Representative and Senator, Consul to Lisbon, member 
of Congress six years. Solicitor of the United States 
Treasury under President Arthur, and died in 190G. 

Martha E. Campbell, sister of above, was born in 
1842; died in 1904; married, in 1859, William Means, 
son of Thomas W. Means, iron manufacturer and com- 
mission merchant of Cincinnati, Ohio. Two of her 
sisters died unmarried — Emma, born in 1844, died in 
1884 : Clara, born in 1848, died in 1895. 

Sketch of thb W^illsons, of Virginia. 

There were four related families of Scotch descent 
named Willson who settled in Augusta and Rockbridge 
Countie.s, emigrating between 1720 and 1740 from 
Ulster, Ireland, by way of Philadelphia, the ancestors 
of the first two mentioned being entirely Scotch. The 
heads of these families were: 

John Campbell 

Of Ironton, Ohio. Married Elizabeth Clark. 
Born 1808; Died 1S91. 

CA.^fJ'BELL FAillLY. 233 

John Will.son, Burgess of Augusta County; his 
brother, Thomas Willson, located two miles east of 
Fairfield, ]\ockbridge County; James Willson, located 
near Brownsburg, Bockbridge County; his cousin, 
William Willson, located near New Providence Church, 
Augusta County. 

The Ameiican pedigree of these families is quite full, 
extending about two centuries; the first three families 
usually spell the name with two "I's," though some 
branches use but one ''1." 

James W^illson. 

About 1720 to 1725, James and Moses Willson, 
children, emigrated from Ulster, Ireland, to Philadel- 
phia, their parents dying at sea.* The children lived at 
Philadelphia, at least until 1730, when James was 
converted under the Rev. George Whitefield, at the age 
of fifteen years. His brother, Moses, married and died 
in Pennsylvania, leaving descendants of whom there is 
but a meager record. James Willson married early in 
1750, Bebekah Willson, his relative, daughter of Thomas 
Willson, who lived two miles east of Fairfield, Bock- 
bridge County, Virginia. In 1771 they removed from 
Pennsylvania to near Brownsburg, Bockbridge County, 
Virginia, where he died in 1S09; his wife, born in 1728; 
died in 1820. They had sixteen children, of whom 
thirteen grew to maturity. He is mentioned in Foot's 
sketches, and in the bound volume of "History of 
Augusta Church," for his consistent pious life and inter- 

*A tradition states that a shipwreck left the mother, two 
sons, James and Moses, and maid, floating in an open boat, 
which was picked up by a vessel (whose captain was named 
Wilson, and mate named Steel), along the coast of France; the 
mother died at the moment of rescue, the maid soon after, but 
was able to give the history of the family and shipwreck, which 
was confirmed by their personal effects, jewelry, etc. 

Note. — James Wlllson's land, on which stood (1764-1777) 
Augusta Academy, the germ of Washington College, Is still 
owned by his descendants : the Academy was removed a few 
miles south to Timber Ridge Church on to land donated by 
Samuel Houston, the father of Gen. Sam Houston, President of 


est in education. History records a noble distinction 
that lingers around bis memory, fulfilling tbe promise 
of old. IJis family and descendants are historically 
as.sociated with church and missionary work; many are 
professional, many were owners of slaves employed on 
their lands. Tbe descendants of James, Thomas and 
old Burgess John Willson are very numerous, distrib- 
uted all over the Union, and largely professional. We 
will follow the descendants of only four of James' 
children, as types of the relationship. 

The eldest (1) Eev. William Willson, bom in 1751; 
died in 1835; married Elizabeth Poage,t born in 1761, 
graduate A.B.; tutor in 1779; trustee for twenty-five 
years of Washington College, Virginia ; second pastor, 
1780-1811, of Augusta Church, organized in 1737, located 
eight and one-half miles north of Staunton. Waddell's 
history says: "He was considered an admirable classical 
scholar and an attractive preacher. Upon recovering 
from an illness at one time, he had wholly forgotten his 
native language, but his knowledge of Latin and Greek 
remained. Gradually he recovered his English." He 
was a strong advocate of the Revolutionary War. Dr. 
James Willson was his son. 

(2) Hon. Thomas Willson, of Morgantown, Virginia, 
born in 1765; died in 1826; married, in 1792, to Polly 
Poage; member of Congress in 1811; his son, Edgar 
Campbell Willson, was a member of Congress in 1832; 
his grandson, Eugene M. Willson, was a member of 
Congress in 1868. Rev. Norval Wilson, a son, promi- 
nent in Alexandria and Baltimore in 1832; the latter's 
son is Bishop Alpheus W. Wilson, of the M. E. Church, 
South. Mrs. Louisa A. Lowrie, a daughter, whose let- 
ters were published, died in 1833, in Calcutta, India, the 
missionary wife of Rev, John C. Lowrie, sixty years 
Secretary, etc., of Presbyterian Board of Foreign Mis- 

tThe Poages located three miles north of Staunton, Va., a 
very prominent family, have a remarkable record in church and 
missionary annals. Robert Poage proved his importation in 
1740, with wife and nine children. One daughter was the first 
wife of Robert Breckinridge, the ancestor of all of that name. 
His second wife was TjCttice, daughter of John Preston, emi- 
grant ancestor of that family. 


sions, Moderator of General Assembly in 1865, son of 
United States Senator Hon. Walter Lowrie, of Penn- 
sjlvauia. Sbe had a remarkable intellect, was very 
beautiful and finely educated. ITer brother, Eugenius 
M., was a lawyer, member of the Virginia Convention in 
1829-1830, died early. A brother, Alpheus Poage Wil- 
son, graduate of Washington College in 1811, lawyer, 
member of Virginia Senate, resident of Unioutown, Pa. ; 
drowned in 1832. His descendants have supplied the 
judgeship of the fourteenth judicial district of Penn- 
sylvania for three generations. They are possessed of 
large means. 

(3) Rev. Robert Willson, born in 1772; died in 1822; 
married Eliza Harris, aunt of Gen. Albert Sidney John- 
ston, C. S. A.; graduate of Washington College after 
1789; minister at Washington, Ky., in 1798; estab- 
lished Presbyterian churches at Maj'sville and Augusta. 
His daughter, Mary Ann, married Rev. and Judge Lorin 
Andrews, missionaries to Sandwich Islands; there he 
was judge, secretary to the king, published a dictionary 
of the language, and translated part of the Bible. His 
MSS. were purchased by the Hawaiian Government. 
Rev. Robert Wilson's nephew, tbe Rev. John A. Mc- 
Clung, D.D., died in 1859. He was a grandson of Col. 
Thomas Marshall ; Rev. Robert William Wilson was a 
son . 

(4) Moses WMllson, born in 1759; married his second 
cousin, Elizabeth Willson, granddaughter of Col. John 
Willson, Burgess of Augusta County twenty-seven years. 
Moses, a Revolutionary soldier, was at the siege of York- 
towTi ; inherited part of his father's lands, on which was 
located Augusta Academy, the germ of Wa.shington and 
Lee University. 

Dr. William F. Willson, of Ironton, Ohio, a gi-andson 
of Moses, of beautiful character, generally beloved as 
Elder and citizen forhiswinsorae disposition and courtly 
address, born in 1815; died in 1898; studied with his 
uncle, Dr. William B. Willson ; he was related to Presi- 
dent Samuel Finley, of Princeton College; his second 
cousin, W. M. Willson, Professor of Greek in Central 
University, Richmond, Ky., was said to be the finest 
instructor of Greek in that State. He was a member of 


liockbi-idge Artillery, C. S. A. ilis brother, Prof. 
Thomas N. Willt^on, a Presbyterian Elder, was marked 
by an alTectionate gentleness and dignity of character; 
graduate in 1848 of AVashingtou and IjCG University, 
and its tutor; was jjrofessor in the Kensselaer Polytech- 
nic Institute, at Troy, N. Y. The latter s son, Prof. 
Frederick N. Willson, Institute graduate of 1871), now 
professor twenty-eight years at l*rinceton Univerr^ity, 
Kew Jersey; author of mathematical works. Matthew 
D. Willson, son of Moses, was Attorney-General of the 
Southern District of Alabama; died in 1821. Dr. 
William B. Willson, son of Moses, of West Union, Ohio, 
born in 1789; graduate of Jefferson Medical College of 
Philadelphia; died in 1840; married Anne Newton W^il- 
liamson, of a well-known missionary family', that re- 
moved from South Carolina to Ohio about 1820. 

William Willson. 

James Willson, emigrant, had a cousin, William Will- 
son (the Rev. William Willson wrote his will), born 
about 1C9S or 1700; died in 1795; married Barbara 
McKane in Dublin, Ireland; emigrated in 1720, to the 
Forks of Brandywine, Chester County, Pennsylvania ; in 
1747 moved to near New Providence Church, Augusta 
County, Virginia. Their son, John, born in 1732; died 
in 1820; married, in 1785, to Sally, daughter of Robert 
Alexander, his clas.sical teacher, near Staunton, Va., 
who was the great-uncle of Rev. Dr. Archibald Alexan- 
der; she died in 1808. John Willson was Colonel of 
Militia at siege of Yorktown ; one of the first Justices of 
Bath County, Virginia, in 1791; graduate of Augusta 
Academy prior to 1782. For account of this family, 
see Waddell's "Annals of Augusta County, Virginia," 
pages 417 to 420. 

The Will sons are associated with the history of New 
Providence Church, which is located on the border of 
Augusta and Rockbridge Counties. Within its bounds 
was the nativity of many illustrious American families; 
the ^fcDowells, Stuarts. Browns, Doaks, Alexanders, 
Houstons, Walkers and Willsons spring here ; they were 
ministerial, founders of colleges and of military pro- 


clivities. Of them were Gen. Sam Houston, the Texas 
liei'o; Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, 0. S. A.; Governor McDow- 
ell, of Virginia; Rev. Samuel IJoak, IJev. Archibald 
Alexander. The descendants of I?ev. John Brown, the 
pastor, whose wife was John Preston's daughter, fur- 
nished United States Senators, Ministers to foreign 
countries, also the candidate for Vice-President, B. 
Gratz Brown. For forty years James Willson and 
Capt. Charles Campbell were elders in New Providence 
Church, under Revs. John and Samuel Brown. 

Old Burgess Willson. 

Col. John Willson Avas born in 1702; died in 1773; 
his wife, Martha, born in 1695; died in 1755; both are 
buried in the same grave in the Glebe graveyard, about 
nine miles southwest of Staunton, Va. They lived at 
his mansion house, three miles from that graveyard, on 
the headwaters of ]\Iiddle River, in Augusta County, 
Virginia, from 1740 until their deaths. He proved his 
importation July 24, 1740, with Martha, Sarah, Eliz- 
abeth, Matthew, William and John, from Ireland, by 
way of Philadelphia, and bought six hundred acres of 
land, July 16, 1745, from James Patton and John Lewis. 
It is also quite sure that he bought two tracts from 
William Beverly, June 5 and 6, 1739, of 260 and 348 

His family, in 1740, consisted of his wife, Martha, 
aged forty-four; six daughters — Sarah, Elizabeth, two 
believed to be named Martha and Polly, two whose 
names are unknown — and four sons— Matthew, William, 
John and Robert — of whom the four daughters last 
mentioned, and Robert, were born in America, indicat- 
ing the year 1732 as the date of emigration. The im- 
portation oath, made in order to purchase public land, 
does not always coincide with the date of emigration. 

Col. John Willson was probably married in 1723, 
when he was a callow youth of twenty-one, and Martha 
a maiden fair of twenty -seven. 

His brother, Thomas Willson, lived two miles east of 
Fairfield, Rockbridge County, Virginia. He was bom 
about 1095; married about 1716 ; his fifth daughter and 


seventh cliild, Kebekah, born in 1728, married her rela- 
tive, James Wilson, early in 1750. 

The organization of Augnsta County, in 1745 (author- 
ized in 173vS), was followed in 174G by the first election 
of vestrymen for the established Church of England and 
for lepreseutatives to the House of Burgesses. Wash- 
ington and Lee historical papers state that Augusta 
County held the high ambition of i-cmoving the State 
capital to Staunton, and Willson, then a middle-aged 
man, was elected a member of the House of Bur- 
gesses to accomplish that purpose. This ofiQce, 
wliich was the highest within the gift of the 
people in all the colonies, he held until his death. To 
portray his life is to delineate the times in which he 
lived, and lack of space forbids. 

There were five hundred at his wedding and five hun- 
dred at his funeral, and on both occasions dinner, and 
an abundance of wine and liquors were served. 

Burgess Willson's constituency extended, with the 
bounds of Augusta County, from the Blue Kidge to the 
Mississippi Biver, from Tennessee to the Lakes; the 
County Court, by order of Governer Dunmore, was once 
held in Pittsburgh, Pa.; it was almost entirely Scotch- 
Irish at that day. Burgess Willson was strong in that 
he had had long experience in the House of Burgesses. 
His compatriots there, were that brilliant galaxy of 
Eevolutionary leaders, whose names are immortalized 
in our national history. It was there, and in that 
period, that they were trained as liberty's champions, 
and it was Willson's privilege to associate with Wash- 
ington, JefTereon, Henry, Mason, Pendleton, the I^es, 
etc. The tide-water gentlemen, preeminent in the estab- 
lished church and State, were conservative; it was the 
Scotch-Irish vote of the Valley and the Northern Neck, 
behind the burning words of Patrick Henry, that crys- 
tallized sentiment into revolution. Burgess Willson 
was not an eloquent man, yet few had such weighty 
influence. Had he lived three years more, till 1776, 
with a powerful Western constituency influencing his 
promotion, it is probable he would have been a signer 
of the Declaration of Independence. We may say that 
death robbed him of a place among the Immortals. A 


correct estimate of tlie man is obtained in reflecting 
upon the important political problems of the period; 
the recuperation after Braddock's defeat b.y border war- 
fare — the passage of Patrick Henry's celebrated resolu- 
tions of 17G5; Washington's opening career was in the 
field represented by Willson, who must have supported 
the former's rajiid advancements, etc. All Western 
questions were jtait of his responsibilities. We should 
also consider the ability and character of his colleagnes 
from Augusta County, a few of whom enjoyed two or 
three terms of office. Some of them were: 

Col. James Patton, 1747 to 1751, the o^^•ne^ of thou- 
sands of acres, brother-in-law of John Preston, ancestor 
of the reno'mied Preston family. 

John Madison, 1751 to 1752, uncle of President Mad- 
ison, father of Bishop Madison. 

Gabriel Jones, 1757 to 1758, the most eminent lawyer 
of Augusta County. 

Thomas Lewis, 17G1 to 17G8, of the noted Revolution- 
ary family, who fought the battle of Point Pleasant. 

William Preston, 17G8 to 17G9, only son of John, a 
Colonel in the Revolutionary War. 

Samuel McDowell, 1773, son of John, a most prom- 
inent family in politics and war. 

Peyton's history says: ''Colonel Willson, who so long 
served the county, was a member of great weight and 
influence. He resided on his estate on Middle River, 
occupied by his descendant, Matthew Willson, Sr., an 
Elder in Bethel Church thirty years ago (ISol). He. 
was commonly called Old Burgess Willson, from his 
long service in the House and County." We copy from 
Waddell's history a facsimile of the inscription on Bur- 
gess Willson's tomb, of whom it remarks that "Colonel 
Willson is not to be held responsible for the illiteracy 
and mistakes of the stonecutter :" 

Here Ly.s the Inteb,d Body of Col. John 
Wilson- Who Departed This Lie. in the — 
Yare of Our TvOrd 1773 in - the 72- Yb- of His 
Eag Having Servd His County-27-Ya- Repre- 
sentetive - in - the honourable - hous - of bub- 
JESis, IN Virginia &c. 



Were Ulstermen, from Sixmilecross, County Tyrone, 
Ireland, ei^'bt miles from Omagh, and lying almost 
within the shadow of the tAvin Mounts ''Betsy Bell and 
Mary Gray," called after the two mountains of those 
names in Scotland; in like manner two mounts near 
Staunton, Va., have been named by the Scotch-Irish of 
that place. 

Eev. Thos. W. Junk, pastor, in 1882, of the Presbyte- 
rian ''Old Meeting House" in Sixmilecross, and Clerk of 
the Presbytery of Omagh (its records disclose many 
facts), Avrote that his predecessor, the Reverend Brown, 
who lived to be over ninety years of age, and in- 
stalled in 1792, was the purchaser of the old home of 
John Ellison. The latter was born in 1752; died in 
182G; emigrated in 1705 direct to Manchester, Adams 
County, Ohio. He was the .son of John Ellison, born 
in 1730; died in 1806; emigrated in 1785 from the port 
of Belfast to ''Limestone," now called Maysville, Ky. 
In 1787, with Gen. Nathaniel Massie, they erected a 
Block on Manchester Island, but the high water 
drove them away. Then they erected another opposite 
the island, and founded the toM\Ti of Manchester, the 
fourth .settlement in Ohio. 

The home of John Ellison, the son, located in Sixmile- 
cross, advertised, February 2, 1795, for sale, calls for "a 
House and Tenement, with a field of 5 acres and an acre 
of Bog." The Reverend Junk writes, "There is a place 
in Sixmilecross of considerable historic interest, that is 
always pointed out to strangers. It was the camping 
ground of King James II in the memorable year 1689, 
of the siege of Derry. The exact spot where the King 
pitched his tent and remained over night, upon his 
retreat from Londonderry, where he lost his kingdom, 
was located on the land of John Elli.son, merchant, 
dealer in linen." 

It is not known when the Ellisons migrated to Ire- 
land. They intermarried in Ireland with the Scotch- 
Irish-MacFarland, Lockart, Bratton and Clark; and in 


America with the Living-stone, llamiltou, Clarke, Ste- 
venson, AVilson, McCoi'mick, Houston, Patterson, Barr, 
venson, Wilson, McCormack, Houston, Patterson, Barr, 
Means and Campbell families, about all of Scotch-Irish 
descent; and we do not love it less, but far more, be- 
cause here wo find tlie Shamrock entwining tbe Thistle. 

Andrew, the surveyor and large landowner, son of the 
first Jobn Ellison, was the drnmatic figure of an Indian 
captivity in ITiKJ, and after running the gauntlet, was 
ransomed in Detroit by an English ofticer; thus he tra- 
versed the wilderness of Ohio twice, once alone, return- 
ing. Tbe latter's son, Andrew, was buried above ground 
at Hanging Eock, on the homestead purchased by John 
Campbell from his widow in 1845 ; these two events 
are related in Howe's "History of Ohio." 

The Ellisons were a prosi>erous i^eople, some acquiring 
large quantities of land in Adams County, and in the 
Hanging Eock Iron Eegiou ; going into the iron busi- 
ness as early as 1810, when Ellison, James, Paul and 
McXickel built Brush Creek Furnace, the first furnace 
in Southern Ohio, then they built Old Steam Furnace, 
the second in Adams Count}'. About 1825 to 1835 they 
began to remove to the Hanging Kock Iron Region. 

The Ellison men Mere tall, not of the rugged quality, 
rather delicate, quiet, intelligent and influential, receiv- 
ing political honors in county and State, ilany of the 
Ellison women married prominent i:K?ople. Some of 
them were : Robert Hamilton, his first wife ; he was born 
in 1705 in Pennsylvania; went to Brush Creek Furnace 
in 1818, and to Pine Grove Furnace in 1828; also the 
three sons of Col. John Means, of Spartanburg, South 
Carolina. One, in 1778, married Anne, sister of the Rev. 
William Williamson, and in 1810 went to Adams 
County, Ohio, freed his slaves, and was one of those who 
built Union Furnace, the fii*st on the Ohio side of the 
Hanging Rock Iron region ; Thomas W, Means, 
Hugh Means, first wife, and James W. Cleans; also John 
Campbell, of Hanging Rock and Ironton, Ohio, and 
David Sinton, of Hanging Rock and Cincinnati, Ohio, 
the latter a multi-millionaire, whose daughter is married 
to Hon. Charles P. Taft, brother to the President. Tliese 
names, with the Ellison names, Andrew Ellison, 
William Ellison, Andrew B. Ellison, John Ellison and 


Cyms Ellison, represent, historically, a very long list of 
Mast furnaces, rolling mills, foundries, etc., extending 
now a century, since they began Ihc Adams County iron 
industry. It is even more striking to try to imagine the 
vast areas of 'and represented, \\\\q\\ we consider that 
each furnace owned from five thousand to fifteen thou- 
sand acres, patented from the Government, at nominal 

These names repi'csent also the founders of Ironton, 
Ohio, and Ashland, Ky., with their railroads and most 
of their iron industries. They were leaders in business 
and social life, and Mere located, in early days, at Law- 
rence, Etna, Pine Grove, Mt. Vernon, Ohio, and Union 
Furnaces, and at Hanging Rock, and in later years at 
Ironton, Ohio, and A.shland, Ky. 

Prior to 1845, with only corduroy roads for ox teams, 
and no towns or large settlements, except Hanging 
Rock, the hospitality was necessarily as generous as it 
was cordial and dignified. The furnaces were the cen- 
ters of business, of political and social life, and the fur- 
nace managers were large factors on both sides of the 
Ohio River. Having wealth, their children enjoyed 
both the public school and private tutors, and later 
there was the going away of daughters to Eastern 
seminaries and sons to colleges. This early part of 
the nineteenth century still retained a goodly portion 
of the charm of the eighteenth century courtliness and 
grace, and though our modern fashion has swept much 
of this away, its memories will long linger in the heart. 
Seventy-five years have advanced the art of schooling, 
but in the early days of society in this iron region, its 
literary and academic features compared favorably with 
those of the other cities of the Northwest Territory. 

See ''History of Adams County, Ohio," by Judge 
N. W. Evans, some sixty pages devoted to the Ellisons, 
their relatives, and those families with whom they inter- 


Copied from a Manuscript Loaned by Xfiss Mary 
Trigg, the Paper Supposed to Have Been 
Written by One A. II. Campbell, Great- 
Great-Grandson OF Hugh Campbell, 
the Subject of the Sketch. 

Jliigh Caiupbell settled in Chester Couiity, Pennsyl- 
vania, at New London Cross Eoads. His wife's name 
was Margaret, but ber family name is not known, 
neither is the date of their marriage known. Their 
children, of whom we have record, are John, William, 
Benjamin, Thomas, Isabella and another daughter who 
was born about 1726, and who, after residing in North 
Carolina, moved to Madison County, Kentucky, then 
to Tennessee, then back to Kentucky. She married 
Hugh Hagan, and their son, Hugh Hagan, married 
Margaret Burns ; his second wife was Jean Hamilton. 
His sister married Samuel Boyd. 

Isabella Campbell, daughter of Hugh Campbell, mar- 
ried William King. They had six children; but three 
lived. Their home was in Lyecoming County, Pennsyl- 

Benjamin Campbell was born at New Loudon 
Cross Eoads, Chester County, Pennsylvania; mar- 
ried Mary Adair, January 30, 1775, and settled in 
Hagerstown, Md. Mary Adair was born in Belfast, 
Ireland, March 5, 1759; died July G, 1S33, at Union- 
town, Pa. Benjamin Campbell died at Unioutown, Pa., 
in 1843. Children of Benjamin and Mary Adair Camp- 
bell were: 

Margaret, born February 4, 1776 ; died December 15, 

John, born February 5, 177S; married Elizabeth 
Coulter, December 15, 1821; he died July 27, 1842. 

Thomas, born January 5, 1780; married Leah Dar- 
man, April 9, 1800; died September 10. 1800. 

James, born October 27, 1781; married Catherine 
Sample, of Morgantown, Va., April 12, 1805; died at 
Stubenville, Ohio, February 6, 1824; his wife was born 
near Lancaster, Pa., April 12, 1784 ; died in Ohio, March 


17, 1854. lie Mas the grandfalhcr of the well-known 
authoress, Mrs. Maroarel Deland, 

William, born March 9, 17S4 ; married Priscilla Por- 
ter, December 12, 1S12; he died October 23, 1854. 

Kancy, born May 17, 1786; died January 19, 1787. 

Mary, born March 22, 1788; married Joseph Kibler, 
May 12, 18—; died ^fay C, 1871. 

Samuel Y., born November 25, 1790; married Frances 
Brown J. Trigg, the widow of Guy Ti'igg, February 22, 
1814; his second wife was Sarah Crozier; married in 
1825. He died March 28, 1856. 

Benjamin, born October 7, 1792 ; married :Mary Alli- 
son ; died in August, 1876. 

Hugh, born in 1795; married Susan Baird, August 5, 
182.3; she died, and he married Rachel Lyon, in April, 
1828. He died February 27, 1876. 

Elizabeth, born August 25, 1797; married James 
Eammage, September 16, 1829; died July 4, 1865. 

Sarah, born August 14, 1802; married, in 1828, Rev. 
James Campbell, of Sharpsburg, Pa., who was a son of 
Patrick Campbell, son of Patrick Campbell and Frances 
Stockton, his wife. Sarah died September 29, 1838, 
and was the mother of General Hugh James Campbell, 
who in 1876 published at New Orleans "In Memoriam," 
in which is given the genealogy of his branch and that 
of .some of the ancestors of A. H. Campbell. 

Samuel Young Campbell, eighth child of Benjamin 
Cami^bell, was born at Hagerstown, Maryland, Novem- 
ber 25, 1790, and married in Abingdon, Virginia, Febru- 
ary 22, 1814, Frances Brown Jackson Trigg, widow of 
Guy S. Trigg, of that place; the ceremony was per- 
formed by the Rev. Stephen Rovelle, pastor of the Pres- 
byterian Church. ]Mrs. Trigg had a son, Guy S. Trigg; 
he lived in Wythe County, Virginia. The only likeness 
in existence of my grandmother is a silhouette, which 
shows her to have been a very beautiful woman. She 
died at Uniontown, Pa., August 23, 1825. Their chil- 
dren were : 

Mary S., born December 8, 1814 ; died July 29, 1818. 

Alexander H., born at Uniontown, Pa., February 24, 
1817; died April 10, 1859. 

Benjamin, born Novemebr 4, 1818; died August 11, 


Mary M., boiii March 31, 1821; died at Baltimore, 
Md., September 17, 1895; buried there. 

Samuel Y. Campbell Avas married, the second time, 
April 2!), 1828, to Sarah Crozier, daughter of John 
Crozier, of Springfield, Pa. They had three children, 
namely : 

Samuel C. ; died in youth. 

Henry M. ; died in infancy. 

Charles L., born October 14, 183G; died August 7, 

Samuel Y. Campbell lived in Abingdon, Va., in 1812, 
1813 and 1814, and there, by his first marriage, became 
connected with the family of Holston Campbells, whose 
ancestor, John Campbell, a Scotchman, moved first to 
Ireland, and then to Philadelphia, Pa., in 1726. Samuel 
Y. Campbell died at Upland, Del., March 28, 1856. His 
wife died January 24, 1876. 

You wish to know something of William Campbell, 
father of Capt. Samuel Campbell. 

I learn from the sons of Samuel Campbell that their 
grandfather lived in Prince Edward County, Virginia. 
Capt. Samuel Campbell has been dead seventeen or 
twenty years, ne left numerous AAcalthy and res|;>ect- 
able relations. James ITagan has five or six brothers, 
who resided in the southern part of the State in 1848^ 

The first of the Bedford County family of Campbells, 
known to me, was Thomas Campbell ; his sons, ^yil]iara 
and Eobert, inherited a good estate from him. Col. 
William Campbell had for a great many years been in 
public life, and died a member of the State Senate of 
Virginia in the year 1844 or 1845, leaving no children, 
and bequeathing his whole estate to his brother, Robert 
Campbell. Mr. Eobert Campbell is an excellent farmer, 
a man of good sense and exceptional character. He 
has been much in public life as a member of the House 
of Delegates, and, having a large estate, is occupied very 
much in its management. He has a large family of 
children settled in Bedford County, all of whom are 
amongst our best citizens; one of his sons, a lawyer, is 
regarded as a young man of very high prominence ; this 
is Henry Camjibell, removed from Lynchburg, Va., to 
New York, N. Y. 

246 uisToniCAL sketches. 

Robert Ctmipbeirs ginndfather was William Camp- 
bell, aud he removed from Pi-JDce Kdward County, Vir- 
ginia, to Bedford County, Virginia. His wife's^ name 
was Dila Caldwell ; they had four sons, and must have 
settled in this country about the year 1770. There was 
Samuel, Thomas (Robert's father), William and John. 
Samuel Cami)l)ell married a widow Kennedy, and had 
a huge family of bolli sexes; two were John and Samuel. 
John married a Miss Clark, a sister of Judge Clark, of 
Kentucky, and removed to Madison County, Kentucky. 
He died without children. William moved to Madison 
County, Alabama ; he raised a large family of children ; 
all went with him to Alabama. 

Extract from Egbert Camprell^s Letter. 

"My father, Thomas, died June 7, 1827. My mother 
died the August preceding his death. 

"They had five children; two died in infancy; the 
third, a daughter, married a Mr. Gray. They had eight 
children. She died in 1815. 

"My brother, William, died without children. My 
descendants ai-e the only ones of my grandfather Camp- 
bell bearing his name that I know of living in this State. 

"I have eight children — five sons and three daughtei*s. 
The most of them are living near Liberty. I live on 
tlie Lynchburg and Salem Turnpike, about ten miles 
west of Liberty. (This writer was a first cousin of 
Samuel Y. Campbell, A. IL C.) My sons are: William, 
Thomas, Henry (a lawyer, who married Miss Cralley, of 
Lynchburg), James and Robert (a doctor, who lives at 
Martinsville, Va., 1855)." 

Samuel Campbell was captain in the Revolutionary 
War and was at the surrender of Cornwallis. He died 
in 1820. His wife, Mrs. Kennedy (ifary Anderson) 
died in 1822. They had six sons and five daughters, 
namely: William, John, Samuel, James, Anderson 
(dead), Caldwell, Elizabeth (Mrs. Banton, dead), Anne 
(Mrs. Gentry, dead), Mary (Mrs. Anderson, dead), 
Judith (Mr.s. Logan, dead) and Minerva (Mrs. Logan, 

Alexander Hamilton Campbell, second child of 


Samuel Y. and Frances Jackson Trigg Campbell, was 
born at Uniontown, February 24, 1817; died there when 
fortA'-lwo 3ear.s of age, April 10, 1S59. Dr. A. II. Camp- 
bell was married May 27, 1845, at St. Luke's Church, 
Kew York, by the liev. Dr. Oglesby, to Mary Elizabeth 
Howell, of New York City. Mary p]. Howell was born 
January 20, 1830; died April 21,'l001. Their children 
are : 

Benjamin Howell, born March 21, 1848. 

Frances Jackson Howell, born January 6, 1851; died 
June 10, 1855. 

Alexander Hamilton Howell, born July 8, 1853. 

Benjamin H. Campliell was married June 14, 1877, at 
St. John's Episcopal Church, Elizabeth, N. J., to ^Nfary 
Purviance Shiras, of Mt. Holly, N. J. Their children 
are: James Shiras, born Octobers, 1878; Mary Howell, 
born April 21. 1880; died May 6, 1888. Nannalte Ver- 
non Chetwood, born September 7, 1889; died January 
25, 1891. 

Alexander Hamilton Campbell was married at Holli- 
daysburg, Ta., November 2, 1882, to Lilliam May Patti- 
son. Their children are: Marguerite, born at Waynes- 
boro, Pa., June 15, 1884; Howell Patteison, born at 
St. Paul's School, Concord, N. H., February 10, 1888. 

Dr. Hugh Campbell, tenth child of Benjamin, was 
boin May 1, 17f>5; married Susan Baird, of Washing- 
ton, Pa., in 1823; she was born October 14, 179G; had 
one son. Benjamin, born June 12, 1824; died July 13, 
1824. Susan died July 9, 1824. 

Dr. Hugh Campbellmarried, second, April 15, 1828, 
Rachel Brown Lynn, of Carlisle, Pa., who was bom 
January 10, 1802, and settled in Washington, Pa. Their 
children were : 

Samuel Lynn, born March 11, 1829. 

Susan Ellen, born May 13, 1831; married James 
, William Ward, born December 28, 1832. 
' Benjamin, born October 20, 1834. 

John Newlon, born August 15, 1836; died October 25, 

Edward, bom July 24, 1838. 

Hugh Frances, born May 2, 1841 ; died June 14, 1809. 

Sarah Louise, born September 19, 1843. 


Some Camphells that Cannot Be Authoritatively 
Connected with Those of the Fore<^oing Sketch. 

1781 — Lawrence Campbell, a soldier of the Kevohition 
of 177G. 

17SG — John Campbell, a delegate from Jefferson 

179G — John P. Campbell, a delegate from Jefferson 
Coimtv, Kentucky, a member of the Convention of 1792, 
which formed the first Constitution of the State of Ken- 
tucky, held at Danville; was also Senator from Jefferson 
County, Speaker of the Kentucky Senate, one of the 
original property holders of Frankfort in 1797. 

1799 — William Campbell, a member of the Convention 
which formed the second Constitution of Kentucky, at 
Frankfort, August 17. 

1809 — Alexander Campbell, a Presbyterian minister, 
afterwards came to this country with his father, Thomas 

1774 — Col. John Campbell, one of the first settlers at 
what is now Louisville, Ky. ; a very wealthy man; he 
o^^^led two thousand acres of land, which he conveyed 
to his nephew, Allan Campbell ; Campbell County, Ken- 
tucky, was named in his honor; many interesting facts 
are related about him in Collins' "History of Kentucky." 

1781 — Capt. William Campbell, mentioned in the fight 
with Indians in Eoane County, Kentucky. 

1781 — Charles Campbell, one of the first deputy sur- 
veyors in Kentucky. 

1788 — Matthew Cam]>bell, with others, formed a set- 
tlement at Cincinnati, Ohio, on December 28, going from 
the interior of Kentucky. 

178.9 — George Campbell, for whom a survey was made 
in Franklin County, Kentucky. 

1793 — Michael Campbell was a member of the House 
of Representatives of Kentucky, from Nelson County. 

179G — James Cami)bell, member of Senate from Fay- 
ette County. Kentucky. 

1800 — William Campbell, member of the Senate from 
Jones County, Kentucky. 


1S2G — Joliu P. Campbell, member of the Senate, 
House of Kcpreseutatives, from Christian County, Ken- 

1S03— Alex. Campbell, member of the Senate, House 
of Eepresentatives, from Harrison County, Kentucky. 

182;)-32 — Judge James Campbell, then a Senator 
from McCracken County, Kentucky. 

ISoO — George D. (.'anqibell, member of the House of 
Kepresenlatives from Gallatin County, Kentucky. 

1S50 — Robert Campbell, member of the House of Kep- 
resentatives from AYolford County. 

1S35 — Caldwell Campbell, member of the House of 
Kepreseutatives from Madison County. He and a 
brother, John, were sons of Samuel Camplx?]!, who emi- 
grated to Madison County, Kentucky. 

1852 — Rev. Duncan Campbell, President of George- 
town College. 

ISGl — Cyrus Campbell, member of House of Repre- 
sentatives from Campbell County, Kentucky. 

ls<37_jo}in Campl3ell, member of United States Con- 
gress from Kentucky. 

1855-57— John P. Campbell, member of Unites States 
Congress from Kentucky. 

1S45 — Rev. Duncan Campbell, Presbyterian minister. 

Thomas Campbell, of York County, son of John, was 
born about 1750, in Chiniceford Township, York County. 
He was of Scotch-Irish descent. In the revolution of 
1776 he enlisted as a private in Captain Michael Don- 
ald's company, attached to Col. \Yilliam Thompson's 
battallion of ririemen. In July, 1776, he served through 
the New England campaign, and was commissioned 
First Lieutenant in the 4th Regiment of Pennsylvania 
Volunteers. January 3, 1777, he was severely wounded 
at Germautown ; w^as promoted Captain ; retired from 
service in January, 1783. He died in York County, 
January 10, 1817, leading issue, but nothing further is 
known of them. 

Capt. Robert Campbell, of United States I/egion, was 
killed August 20. 1794. 

Thomas Campbell, Captain in Colonel Watts' Penn- 
sylvania Flying Camp, commissioned September 16, 


177G, taken prisoDer at Fort Washington, November IG, 

Note.— The following grant to Robert Campbell is 
on record in the Virginia land registry ollice: ?>'-M acres 
in Orange Connty, February 12, 1742, Book No. 21, p. 
1.5G; and of the same date and in the same county, there 
appears a grant of 400 acres to James Campbell, Book 
No. 20, p. 457. From these grants being of the same 
date and in the same county, a strong ground is afforded 
for the i)resumption that the grantees were relatives, 
perhaps brothers. A prominent representative of the 
name was, however, seated in the Colony of Virginia 
much earlier. We find that Capt. Hugh Campbell 
received, October 20, 1G9G, 5.30 acres on the side of 
Eeedy Creek, a branch of the Chuckatuck, Hook No. 9, p. 
84, and to the same for a period October 28, 1707 (doubt- 
less a typographical error for 1G07) — January G, 1000, 
was granted an aggregate of 4,-375 acres in Norfolk 
County. It is very desirable that the immediate issue 
of the several early settlers, as stated, in Orange County 
(later Augusta County), should be definitely ascer- 
tained, for many distinguished men of the Southern and 
Western States are descended from these settlers. 
We may cite Gen. Arthur Cam])bell, the Western 
pioneer, born in Augusta County in 3742 ; died at Yellow 
Creek, Knox County, Kentucky, in 1815. John Poagc 
Campbell, M.ll., Presbyterian minister, of Chillicothe, 
Ohio, born in Augusta County in 17G7 ; died near Chil- 
licothe, November 4, 1814; Uampden-Sidney College, 
1700; licensed to preach in 1702; settled in Kentucky in 
1705. lie published "Doctrine of Justification Consid- 
ered," ''Strictures on Stone's Letters," 1805; "Vindex," 
in answer to ''Stone's Reply," 1806. Fie left a manu- 
script history of the Western country. Hon. John 
Wilson, son of William and Elizabeth (Wilson) Camp- 
bell, was born February 23, 1782, near Miller's Iron 
Works, in Augu.sta County. His parents removed first 
to Kentucky in 1791, and a few years later to Ohio. 
John, after receiving tuition in the languages under 
Mr. John Finley, studied law under his uncle, Thomas 
Wilson, of Morganto\\'n (now West Virginia). In 1808 


he was admitted to the bar in Ohio, and fixed his resi- 
dence at West Union, in Adams Count}'. He married in 
1811, Eleanor, daughter of Col. Robert Doak, of Augusta 
County, Virginia. Jle became prosecuting attorney for 
Adams and Higbland Counties; member of Ohio legis- 
lature; member of Congress, 1S17-1S27, and United 
States District Judge from 1S20 to his death, at Dela- 
ware, Ohio, September 24, lS."*>o. A biographical sketch 
of his life and his literary remains were i)ublished by 
his widow in 1837. A brother, Joseph N. Campbell, 
born July 4, 1783, Associate Judge of Court of Common 
Pleas, married Elizabeth, daughter, of Thomas Kirker; 
died of cholera, July, 1833, at Ripley, Ohio. 

In connection with the name Wilson, it is well to note 
that the name of the father of Charles Campbell, the 
historian of Virginia, was John Wilson Campbell. Col. 
Richard Campbell, of Virginia, killed at the Battle of 
Eutaw Springs, S. C, September 8, 1781 ; commissioned 
Captain February 19, 177G; was a Lieutenant-Colonel 
at the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill and at the siege of 

Richmond Standard, May 29, 1880. 

henry family. 

Col. John Henry married Mrs. Sarah (Winston) 
Syme, and had issue: 
I. Jane. 
II. William. 

III. Sarah. 

IV. Susannsa. 
V. Mary. 

VI. Patrick. 
VII. Anne. 
VJTI. Elizabeth; married, first, Gen. William Camp- 
bell (born in 1745, in Augusta County, Va.), the hero of 
Kings Mountain, who died of fever in September, 1781; 
she married, second, Gen. William Russell. 

Issue of Gen. William Campbell and Elizabeth* 
Henry Campbell : 


1. Sarah B.,^ married Gen. Francis Preston, and had 
issue : 

i. Wiliam Campl)€ll,* LL.D., born December 27, 1794; 
died at CoJiniibia, S. C, May 22, ISGO; greatly distin- 
guished as an orator; United States Senator from South 
Carolina. President of College of South Carolina; 
married, first, Mary E, Coalter; second, L. P. Davis. 
Issue all died in infancy, except Sally Campbell, who 
died unmarried. 

ii. Eliza Henry,* married Gen. Edward Carrington, of 
Halifax County, Virginia. 

iii. Susan,* married James McDowell, Governor of 

iv. Sophronisba,* married Eev. Kobert J. Breckin- 
ridge, D.D. 

v. Sarah Buchanan,* married John B., son of Gov. 
John Floyd; born in 1805; died August 26, 1863; 
Governor of Virginia, 1850-53; Secretary of War, 
United States, 1857-61; Major-General C. S. A. No 

vi. Charles H. Campbell,* married Mary Beall. 

vii. Maria F. C.,* married John M. Preston. 

viii. John S.,* born April 20, 1809; member of the 
Legislature of South Carolina ; Commissioner of that 
State, and Brigadier-General, C. S. A.; married Caro- 
line, daughter of Gen. Wade Hampton, in 1830. 

ix. Thomas L.,* married, first, to Elizabeth Watts; 
second, Ann Sanders. 

X. Margaret B.,* married Gen. Wade Hampton, of 
South Carolina (born in 1818), Lieu tenant-General 
C. S. A.; Governor of South Carolina; United States 

EicHMOND Standard^ June 26, 1880. 

Gen. Francis Preston married the only daughter and 
heiress of Gen. William Campbell, of Kings Mountain 
memory. Her mother was a sister of Patrick Henry. 


Partly Written by William B. Campbell^ Jr., from 

Conversations With His Grandmother, Mrs. 

Catherine Bowen Campbell, a Daughter 

OF Captain William Bowen. 

Among the early Quaker settlers in Pensylvania was 
^Moses Bowen and Rebecca Eeece, bis wife. Tbey emi- 
grated, witb a large company, from Wales about the 
year IGOS, having purchased ten thousand acres of 
land in Guinnedd Township, Chester County, Pennsyl- 
vania. This couple probably had a family of children, 
but of these we have no account except Mohn Bowen, 
the Quaker, who was remarkable for his personal 
prowess, and an active, energetic farmer, of cousidei-able 
wealth for that day. Late in life he fell in love with a 
very beautiful young Scotch-Irish girl, whose family 
had just landed in the colonies from Ireland. She 
was about seventeen years of age, the daughter of 
Henry and Jane Mcllhaney; her father had died when 
she was an infant, leaving but two children, Lily and 
Henry. Iler mother, who was a beautiful woman, 
afterwards married a Mr. Hunter, by whom she had a 
large family of children. It was with their mother and 
stepfather that Henry and Lily Mcllhaney came to 

Mrs. Hunter (her maiden name not known) and her 
daughters were expert flax spinners. They were among 
the first Scotch-Irish women that brought the small flax 
wheel to Pennsylvania. 

Friend -John Bowen won the heart and hand of the 
beautiful young Scotch-Irish girl, and she became his 
loving and helpful wife. She proved to be a vei-y 
remarkable woman. She had a strong, discriminating 
mind, decision, and energy of character. They pur- 
chased slaves as soon as they were introduced into the 
colonie.s, to work on their large landed estate; but the 



Quakers, as a class, were opposed to slavery. The wife 
persuaded lier husband to move to Augusta County, 
Virginia, about 1730, at that time a frontier settlement. 
The land was rich, and the prospect for a good class of 
people moving (o that portion of the State was good. 

-John Bowen and LilyMcIlhaney, his wife, had twelve 
children, some of them as remarkable as their parents. 
The date of his death is not known. She lived to be 
very old, and died in 1780. Their children were as 
follows : 

^Moses died at twenty years of age, while serving in 
the Virginia Colonial Army. 

^John, married Rachel Matthews, whose family were 
of high standing in Virginia. He was in the War of 
177G. See SaJTell's Record, pp. 414 and 271. They had 
five children: *John, ^William, ^Nancy, ^Rebecca (mar- 
ried a Mr. Frazler) and ^Elizabeth (married a Mr. 

^Jane Bowen, married a Mr. Cunningham, and had 
four children, *two sons and two Maughters. Ue was 
killed by the Indians at the Carr's Creek defeat. She 
was a beautiful and extremely active woman, and 
saved the lives of two of her little children by her fleet- 
ness in running at the time of the massacre and this 
disastrous defeat. A few years after this she married 
Joseph Loving, and they had two children, a ^son, name 
not known, and ''Reljccca Loving, who married William 

^Nancy Bowen, married Archibald Buchanan ; they 
had several children, the name of the only one knowTi 
being ^James, who lived twelve miles from Nash- 
ville, Tenn,; his wife's name is not known. His chil- 
dren were: ^Lily, '^Mary, ^Rebecca and ^Nancy Buch- 
anan. There may have been other children. 

^Rebecca Bowen, married a Mr. Whitley and had two 
children; they were the only Tories in this very patri- 
otic family. ^Moses Whitley went to Canada in 1776, 
was an officer in the British Army, and fought against 
the colonists. ''Lily married an Episcojjal minister, a 
Mr. Robinson, and went to England to live. 

Lieut. ^Reece Bowen, son of ^John Bowen and Lily 
Mcllhaney, his wife, married I^visa Smith. They had 


eight children. He was killed at the battle of Kiugs 
Mountain, October 7, 17S0. See "Kings Mountain and 
Us Heroes," by Di'aix^r. His children were as follows: 
*John Bowen, married and left one daughter; *Reece 
Boweu married his cousin, Rebecca Bowen, but had no 
children; *Nancy Bowen, married Maj. John Ward; 
they left a large family; their children were: 'Lily 
Ward, married Lawson H. Hill; names of others not 
obtained. They had a son, Capt. Mohn C. Hill, who 
married Eliza Davis, and they had a daughter, 'Lily 
Hill, who married Walter Boogher, of St. Louis, Mo. 
*Peggy Bowen, married Thomas Gillespie, had a large 
family. ^Rebecca Boweu, married Mr. Duff. *Lily 
Bowen, married Mr. Hildreth ; they went to Kentucky. 
*Levisa Bowen, married William Thompson; they had 
a large family. Col. ^Henry Bowen, of Tazewell County, 
Virginia; married Ella Tate. Their children were: 
''Louise, married Dr. John W. Johnson, of Abing- 
don, Va. ; they had one son, *^George John.son, who 
married Nichette Floyd, daughter of Governor Floyd, 
of Abingdon, Va. ^Jane Bowen, married a Mr. Ed- 
mondson, and left a large family. ^Reece Bowen, mar- 
ried Louisa Perry, and had seven children, viz.: ^Ella, 
married a Mr. Watkins; no children. "^Thomas, mar- 
ried Miss Stuart; four children. ''Reece, married Miss 
Crockett; eight children. *^Henry, married Miss Gil- 
lespie; five childi-en. ^'Hattie, married Mr. Watts; one 
son. ^Jane, married Mr. Grewer; no children. ^Louise, 
married Mr. Knoll; no children. 

^Henry Bowen, married Ann Cunningham, and left a 
large family of children. One of the daughters, *Lily, 
married a Mr. Smith. We have no record of his descend- 
ants. He was a soldier in the War of 1776. See 
Saffell's Record. 

A copy of Capt. William Bowen's commission in the 
Continental Army is given. The original belongs to 
L. R. Campbell, of Nashville, Tenn. : 


To Williat^i Boiccn, Gent. — 

Greeting — Know ye, that from the Special Trust 
and Confidence, which is reposed in your Patriot- 


isra, Fidelity, Courage and good Conduct, you are 
by these Presents, constituted and appointed Cap- 
tain of ^filitia in the County of ^Yashington. You 
are tlierefore carefully and'diligently to discharge 
the Duty of Captain of the Militia,' by doing and 
l^erforniing all manner of things thereto belonging: 
and you are to pay a ready obedience to all orders 
and instructions which from time to time you may 
receive from the Governor or Executive I'ower of 
this State from the time being, or any of your supe- 
rior Officers, Agreeable to the Eules and Regula- 
tions of the convention of General Assembly. All 
officers and soldiers under your command are here- 
by strictly charged, and required to be obedient to 
your orders, and to aid you in the execution of this 
Connnission, according to the intent and Purport 

Witness Patrick Ilenry, Esquire, Governor or 
Chief Magistrate of the Commonwealth at Will- 
iamsburg, under the Seal of the Commonwealth, 
this fourteenth day of May in the first year of the 

Anno Dom. 1777. P. Henry. 

Capt. ^Wiliam Bowen, born in Fincastle County, Vir- 
ginia, in 1742, married Mary Henley Kussell, a daughter 
of Gen. William Russell and his wife, Tabitha Adams, 
in 1777. They had eight children, as follows : 

*Tabitha Bowen, married Col. Armpstead Moore, of 
Virginia; they lived in Smith County, Tennessee, near 
Rome, and had eleven children, as follows: "Williaiil, 
married, first, Kate Douglas; second, Atlantis White; 
lived in Texas, and had two sons and one daughter. 
^John H., married Eliza Cummings; he was born in 
ISOO in Smith County, Tennessee; emigrated to Texas 
while it was a province of Mexico; was in the early 
wars on the Texas border; a prominent man, and 
acquired wealth; he left five children: "Tabitha, 
married Capt. Ira G. Killough, of Lagrange, Texas; 
their children are "'Eliza M. (married R. O. Faires, of 
Flotonia, Texas), ^Lucy (married Prof. W. H. Saunders, 
of Lagrange, Texas), "Maggie (married Waller T. 


Burnes, of Galveston, Texas), ^Annie married J. N. 
Moore, of Lampassas, Texas), ^David, Uohn, ^Eobert 
and Urn Killon«;h. "Eliza Jloore, married K. V. Cook, 
and left one daugliter, 'Jessie Cook. "Kobert Moore, 
married Bettie Ligon ; lias three children. •'John 
Moore, married Mary Young; had seven children. 
®Mary E. Moore, married John Hunt, of Hamilton, 
Texas; they have one son. ^John W. Hunt. ^Mary 
(Polly) Moore, manied Cofield Ward, and lived near 
Rome, Tenn. Her children were: '^Tabitha, married 
Dr. James Thompson; their children are: 'Mary (mar- 
ried Dr. ^yilliams, of Saundersville, Tenn.), "William 
Thompson, a judge, of Meridian, Texas, and 'James 
Thompson, of Nashville, Tenn., who married Grace G. 
Pittinger, and has two daughters, ^Mary W. and *Lou- 
ella G. Thompson. ^John Ward, of Centerville, Tenn., 
married Sarah Charlton; their children were: ''Martha, 
■'Samuel and 'David. ^Armpstead Ward, lives in Brazil, 
South America; he married Mary Pender. Their chil- 
dren are: "Lily, ''Cofield, ''Baker and 'William Ward. 
^Fannie Moore, married Dr. Hardwiok; left no children. 
^Eobert Moore, married Mary Bangh, and lived in Mis- 
souri ; their children were: ^Amanda (married Mr. 
Jannesse; no children), ^Tabitha, ^Armpstead, "Mary 
and Mohn Moore. ^Samuel Moore, M.D. ; married 
Mary Hornbeak ; they lived in Centerville, Tenn. ; their 
children are: ^Ivcvisa, married Marsh Johnson, of 
Dallas, Texas; has one child, 'Mary Johnson, who mar- 
ried Denry Grey, of Dallas, Texas. ^Col. John H. 
Moore, married Mollie Williams, and had one child, 
'Lily. He served in the Confederate Army. ^I^visa 
Moore, married Orvillc Green ; no descendants. ^Alex. 
Moore, married Jane Boyce, and lived in ]\rissouri ; their 
children were: ^Martha, ''Tabitha and ''Mary F. ^Nfoore. 
"Annpstead Moore, lived near Gallatin, Tenn. He mar- 
ried, first, Susan Crenshaw; second, Mary Crenshaw; 
third, Louisa Crenshaw. His children are: "John C, 
married Mollie White, of Hartsville, Tenn.; ^William, 
married Catherine Campbell, of Texas; ^Tabitha, ®Mary, 
^Bettie, "Edward, "Harry, "Virginia and "Robert Moore. 
''Katherine ]Moore, married Dr. Frank Gordon, and has 
one "daughter, Tabitha Gordon, who married Alex. 


McCall, of Ixome, TenD. ''Dr. Byid Moore, married 
Evelyu Joues; tlieir only child, •^Tabilha B., married Dr. 
J. W. McLauglilin, of Austin, Texas. Tlieir children 
are: 'Byrd, 'Evelju, 'Minnie, ''Cyrus and 'James 

*Col. John H. Bowcn was born in 1779, and lived in 
Gallatin, Tenn. He was an eminent lawyer, member of 
Congress for several years. He was a noble character, 
and was universally popular and beloved, lie married 
Eliza Allen. Their children were: '^Mary Bowen, mar- 
ried Judge Jacob Schall Yerger, of Greenville, Miss.; 
her children are: ^AVilliam G., married Jennie Hunter; 
he is now a prominent lawyer, living in Greenville, Miss. 
His children are: 'Nugent, ^Mary Louise (married 
George Wheatley, and has a daughter, ''Genevieve 
Wheatley, of Greenville, Miss.), Mames A. Yerger, 
^Jennie Yerger (married S. Wilson, of Vicksburg, Miss., 
and had three children : ^William, ^Elizabeth and ^Oscar 
Wilson) . *'Hal Yerger, a planter near Greenville, Miss., 
married Sallie Miller; they have four children : ^Schall, 
^Hai-vie, ^William G. and ^Bettie Yerger. ^Graut 
Bowen, of Greenville, Miss., married Amanda Yerger; 
their children are: ®Johu H. Bowen, married Wllsie 
Sutton; they had two children: ^John and '^Carrie 
Bowen. ''Mar}' B. Bowen, married, first, T. W. Helm; 
has one son, 'Neville A. Helm ; married, second, Carneil 
Warfield, of Grand Lake, Ark, 

*Levisa Bowen, married Capt. James Saunders; they 
lived in Wilson County, Tenn., and had five children: 
^^lary, married James Perdue; left no children. 
^Tabitha, married Baker Harris; had two children: 
"Fergus, married Fannie Davis; their children ai-e: 
"Kobert and 'Tabitha Harris, of Nashville, Tenn. ®Le- 
visa, married Ben Motley, and has five children, namely: 
'I^visa, ^Ben, 'Tabitha (married Mr. Hunter), ^Doak 
and ^Harris Motley, of Memphis, Tenn. ^Bowen Saun- 
ders, married Bettie Hall am. 'John Saunders, married 
Martha Dillard. 'Sam Saunders married Ann Keys. 

^Catherine Bowen, born March, 17S5, near Gallatin, 
Tenn.; died ^Nlarch 7, 18G8, near Lebanon, Tenn., at 
"Campbell,''the home of her eldest son, Gov. William B. 
Camjjbell ; she was married in 180G, to David Camp- 


bell; he was bora March 4, 1781, in Virginia, and died 
June 18, 1841, near Lebanon, Tenn. The names of their 
descendants are given in the sketch of the Campbell fam- 
ily. Thej Avere both cultivated and intellectual, 
Christian people. 

^William Bowen married, first, Mary Ranken ; second, 
Polly McCall. They had seven children, who lived in 
Texas. They are as follows : ^Mary H. I\., married John 
King. ^Elizabeth, married W. P. Sanders. Col. 
'William B., married Eliza White; at the close of the 
war, in 1865, he, with his whole family, went to, 
South America, to live. ^Adam, married T. Rose. 
'Susan Bowen, married Elias Gregg; they left two 
children, who lived in Houston, Texas. 'Alex. Bowen, 
married Mary Dameron ; and 'John Bowen, married 
Emily Gaines. 

*Mary Bowen, died young. 

^Samuel A. Bowen, married Amanda W. Stone. They 
had seven children, namely: ^John H., married Harriet 
Blakely. they had two children, ^Samuel and ^Lula 
Bowen, of Denver, Col. 'Mary Bowen, married Moses 
Gveen, of Hannibal, Mo. 'Barton W. Bowen, married 
S.rlly Robards, also of Hannibal, Mo. They had one 
child, *"'Clifton Bowen ; she married Dr. David Hayes, 
of St. Louis, Mo. 'William Bowen, married Mary Cun- 
ningham; his second wife was Dora Gofif. He lived at 
Austin, Texas. 'Eliza and 'Samuel Bowen never mar- 
ried, and 'Amanda Bowen married Archibald Matson, 
of Hannibal, Mo. 

*C€lia, daughter of Capt. William Bowen and Mary H. 
Russell, his wife, married the Rev. Barton W. Stone, a 
noted divine, one of the founders of the "Campbellite" 
Church. Their children were: 'William, married Vir- 
ginia Grey; 'John, married Catherine Grant; 'Mary, 
married Lloyd Hallack, of Hannibal, Mo.; 'Catherine, 
married Charles Bowers; 'Barton W., married, first, 
Margaret Howard, and second. Miss Smith, and 'Samuel 
Stone, married Elizabeth Smith. 

'Arthur, son of John Bowen and Lily Mcllhany, his 
wife, married Mary McMurrey. They had five children, 

*John Bowen, married Mary Byers. 


''Rel)Occa Bowen, married Henry W. Thompson. They 
had ten children, as follows: 'Mary A., married Basil 
C. Uarley; her children were: "C. V. K. llarlcy, mar- 
ried, first, Miss Carpenter, and second, Miss Wolf, and 
had one danghter, 'Willie A., who married Mr. Saun- 
ders, and they have one son, ^Harley Saunders. ®Mar- 
garct llarley, married B. P. M. McKennon, of Clarks- 
ville, Ark. "J. Harley, married Amanda Ward; they 
had two children, "J'^dward W. and 'Mary W. Harley. 
^E. L. Harley, married, first, A. Ward, then Miss Cal- 
strup; their two children were 'Virgil C, married Ella 
Quinn, and "Corinue, married William Hardwick, 
whose children were: -William and ^Livingston Hard- 
wick. ''Virginia Harley, married E. Linzee. "William 
R. Harley, married Mary Sloan. "John T. Harley, 
married M. A. Connelly. "Clinton Harley and *=B. A- 
Harley. ^Rcece Thompson, married Susan Morgan. 
^Louisa Thompson, married W. E. Harley. Their chil- 
dren are nine, as follows: "K. C, "W. H., "M. T., "S. C, 
"Caroline, "ifargaret, "John B., "James R. and "Virginia 
T. Harley. ^Susan Thompson, married a Mr. Haller. 
Her children were four, namely: "Edgar I., "H. B. 
(married Virginia Sheffey), "A. V. (married J. W. 
Fall) and "Reece Haller, married A. Reid; they live at 
Marion, Smith County, Va. ^Caroline Thompson, mar- 
ried John Whitten, of Trenton, Grundy County, Mo. 
■^Amnada Thompson, married Mr. Thurmond. ^America 
Thompson, married Richard Johnson. ''John H. 
Thompson, married Pauline Mosely, nee Friend. 'Re- 
becca and 'Emily Thompson did not marry. 

*Nancy Bowen, married Mr. Byers; issue: 'George, 
"Arthur, 'John, 'Sally, who married Mr. Hull; 'Jane, 
who married Mr. Wample, and a 'daughter, name not 

*Arthur Bowen, married Catherine Poston ; issue: 
eleven children. Three died young. 'Jerome, killed at 
the Battle of Resaca, Ga., in the Confederate Army, in 
18G3. 'Texie, married Larkin Perry; they have one 
son. "Larkin. 'Virginia, married Robei-t Perry; issue: 
"Martha and "Robert Perry. 'Richard P., married Mrs. 
Garrett, «rc Tucker; issue: "Reece, "Walter, "Bolivar, 
"Posten. "William, "Catherine and "Eva Bowen, who 


married Mr. Wilkerson. She lives in Memphis, Term. 
''Mary Bowen, married »lamcs Wright; issue: "William, 
"'Arthur, Mohn, '^Klla and "Catherine Wright. ''John 
Hamiell Bowou, married, first, Henrietta Polk, and 
second, Mary Armour; issue : ^'Henrietta Bowen. ^Jane 
Bowen, mairied Moses Allen; issue: '^William Allen. 
^William lUnven. married a Stephens. They had a 
large family. 

•Juibort Bowen, son of -John Bowen and Lily Mc- 
Ilhaney, his wife, married Mary Gillespie. He died in 
1817, she in is:i2. Tiiey had nine children. He was in 
the Continental Army, in Capt. William Bentley's 
Company 3d, and 4th Vii'ginia Eegiment, commanded 
by Col. John Neville. See Records of Kevolutionary 
Soldiers, in Washington, I). C. Their children were as 
follows : 

*John, left one daughter. 


^Lillian, married Mr. McClure. 

^Agnes, married Mr. Pickens, of Pendleton District, 
South Carolina. Her descendants remained in South 
Carolina. All were distinguished people. 

*Mary, married, first, Mr. Helms, and second, Mr. 
Barr. She liad thi-ee daughters: ^Rebecca Helms, 
married Mr. Grey; ^Mary Barr, married Mr. Shores, 
and ^Cynthia Barr, married Mr. Polk. 

^Keece Bowen, married a Miss Strong, and had six 
children : ^Christopher, ^Charles, ^John, ^Robert, ^Reece 
and *Ada Bowen. 

^Robert Bowen, married Polly Wilson, and had five 
children, namely: ^Mahaley, ^Nelly, married Mr. With- 
erspoon ; ^Levisa, ^Rebecca and ^Amanda, who married 
D. Lewis. 

^Rebecca Bowen, mairied her cousin, *Reece Bowen ; 
they had no children, 

*Charles Bowen, born in 1790; married Mabulda 
Ea>sley, in 1817. She was born in 1800; died in 1863. 
He died in 1842. They had nine children, as follows: 
two died in early childhood. ^Narcissa Bowen, married 
Judge James M. Howry, of Oxford, Miss., a distin- 
guished lawyer and jurist. Their children are: ''Susan, 
unmarried; "Fanny, married J. Rowan Dashiell, of 


Col 111111)115?, Miss.; their children are: '^rTarry (married 
Miss Siiedicor, of Coliinibiis, Miss.), "Ida (married Evan 
Dunn, of liiiminghaiii, Ala., and had four children, 
*Fanny Dunn and three others), ^Alice (married Will- 
iam F. Patly, of Sherman, Texas), ^I^ee (married 

1, 'Irene (married , of Washington, 

D. C), 'Charles (married Genie Bojkin, and lives in 
IMemphis, Tenn.) and 'Arthur Da.shiell. ''Charles 
Bowen Howry, Associate Justice of the United States 
Court of Claims, lives at Washington, D. C. He mar- 
ried, first, Edmonia Carter, a descendant of ''King 
Carter," of Virginia; second, Hallie Harris, of Colum- 
bus, ]\; third, Mrs. Smith, nee , of Florida, 

and has five children, namely: ^Lucian, "Willard, 
"Charles, ^Bessie and "Mary Howry. ^James Howry, 
married B. Buruey, and had eight children, namely: 
^\lice, 'Burney, 'Earl, ^Eugenia, ^Walter, 'Theodore, 
'Frederick and "Coriune Howry. *Samuel Howry, lives 
at Oxford, Miss. ; married Dona McCord, and has seven 
children, namely: 'Frank, "Percy, 'Mabel, 'Narcissa, 
'Willard, ^Taylor and 'Edwin Howry. "Herschel 
Howry, married Fanny . ^Alice Howry,' mar- 
ried James Simms; they had no children. ^Sarah 
Howry, married Colonel Flournoy, of Dallas, Texas, and 
has two children, namely: 'Howry Flournoy and 
'Margie Flournoy. ^Sarah Bowen, married, first, 
Edward Taliaferro; second, Harvey Carothers, and has 
one child, "Edward L. Taliaferro, who married Alia 
Winters. ^Mary Bowen, married William Neilson; 
issue : "Charles, married M. Peguese; "ilary E., married 
W. Delbridge; "Ella M., "Annie Louise. "Joseph Edwin, 
married B. Wohlleban; "Francis Alexander, married 
Ella Pratt; "Ada I., married W. M. Burr, and "Halbert 
H. Neilson, married Alice Tye. ''Rebecca Bowen, mar- 
ried Dr. Garland Taliaferro, of Brownsville, Tenn., 
and had two sons, namely: "William G. Taliaferro, a 
Judge of the Chancery Court at Bryan, Texas, married 
Mary Fields; they have two sons; one was 'William F. 
Taliaferro, married E. Cavett, of Saratoga, Texa.s. "Her- 
bert Taliaferro,married Molly Buckley, of Texas. 'Anna 
Bowen, married William Butler, and has one child, 
^Walter. ^William Boliver Bowen, married Emily 


Butler; they have five cliildren, iiamelj: "Molly, mar- 
ried liev. 1\. G. Fcai'sou ; they live at Lebanon, Teun., 
and have no children. "Emma, married Mr. Pearson; 
"Anna, married J. Mason; "Charles and "Lottie Bowen. 
"Josephine Bowen, married, fii-st, T. Keith ; second, W. 
Black; third, IL A. Barr, a lawyer of prominence at 
Oxford, ]\Iiss. ; they have no children. 

^Maiy P>o\ven, daiifihter of ''William P,owen and Lily 
Mcllhaney, his wife, married a Mr. Poiter. 

^'Charles Bowen, married Nancy Gillespie. He was 
in the War of 1776. Sec Ramsey's ''Annals of Tennes- 
see," pp. 24 and 41; also "Kings Mountain and Its 
Heroes," by Draj)er, pp. 254, 2(12 and 263. 

^Captain AA'illiara Bowen was born in F'incastle 
Count}', Virginia (afterwards Augusta County), in 
1742. He was a very active, enterprising man, and by 
the time he was thirty-five years of age, he had accumu- 
lated quite a handsome fortune by adding to the portion 
Lis mother had given him. He was in several campaigns 
in the Colonial service before the breaking out of the 
revolutionary war, fighting the French and Indians. 
He was First Lieutenant in Capt. William Russell's 
company in the cami>aign against the Shawnee and 
other tribes of Indians in 1774, the confederation being 
commanded by Cornstalk, the noted Sachem of the 

He was in the hotly contested Battle of Point Pleas- 
ant on October 10, i774. He was also with Russell 
while he was in command of Fort Randolph in 1775, 
and was at Kenawha when the garrison was ordered to 
be disbanded by Lord Dunmore in July, 1775, fearing 
the fort might be held by the rebel authorities. Prior 
to this time he was with Russell's Rangers when 
they assisted in relieving the besieged fort at Wa- 
tauga. The Commander-in-Chief of the forces at the 
Battle of Point Pleasant was Gen. Andrew Lewis, a 
brother of Meriwether I^wis, the celebrated traveler 
and surveyor, who, with Clark, exploied the north- 
western portion of this country years ago. Before the 
battle. Captain Russell's company was divided into 
two sections, and Lieutenant Bowen, who commanded 
one-half of it, was thrown, with his men, into the thick- 


est of the figbt, having been sent forward 1o capture 
a breastwork. They became so hotly engaged that all 
of his men were killed or wounded but Lieutenant 
Bowen and a man naujod Caleb Denon. As these two 
fell back to Captain Archer's company, that was then 
coming up to their relief, liowen threw himself into a 
ravine or ditch to load his gun. Just then a large In- 
dian chief, sideiididly accctuli'cd, bolder than his 
comrades, Avalked up 'to the bank of the ditch just 
above Bowen with his gnn ready to fire. Bowen, not 
yet having had time to load his gun, afterwards said 
that he felt sure his hour had come, and closed his 
eyes to receive the bullet. But, foi'tunately, the Indian 
did not see him, and fired over hira at Archer's men, 
who were just approaching. Bowen then sprang up 
and rushed at the chief with his tomahawk drawn, 
the savage at the same time drawing his for conflict. 
There, between the two contending forces, they were 
engaged in a hand-to-hand struggle, in which no quar- 
ter was asked, and none granted. As Bowen rushed 
at his foe, the Indian struck at him, but, throwing his 
head down, he dodged the blow, and the Indian's toma- 
hawk flew from his hand. Then, as Bowen drew back 
to strike, the Indian threw himself backward to avoid 
the blow, but in vain ; the deadly weapon had entered 
his breast, almost severing him in twain. Bowen then, 
after the rude manner of the times, took possession of 
the dead chiefs sjx^ar, arms, ornaments and other 
accourtrements as trophies. This battle was a very 
bloody and stubbornly contested one, lasting from 
early morning until the setting of the sun. In it fell 
Charles Lewis, a brother of Gen. Andrew Lewis, with 
many other brave men who gave their lives to win this 
glorious countrj from the savages. The whites were 
victorious, leaving a large number of the Indians dead 
on the plains. William Bowen afterwards (in 1777) 
married a daughter of Capt, William Russell, who com- 
manded the company in which he was Lieutenant. 

This is Governor Isaac Shelby's version ; he was 
a participant in the battle, therefore knew the cir- 
cumstances from ixM-soual observation : "During the 
heat of the battle, Lieutenant Bowen, in his excite- 


ment, advanced beyond the line of the white soldiers, 
and was in the midst of the enemy befoie he was con- 
scious of his position. lie had discharged his rifle, and 
seeing no tree near for cover, he threw himself into a 
ravine, and in a stoojiing position was loading his gun, 
when an Indian, splendidly accoulered, approached 
the bank of the ravine and discharged his rifle across 
at the soldiers at a distance, not seeing Uowen at the 
bottom of the ditch, lie instantly threw himself in it 
for the same purpose which had actuated Bowen, and 
came directly in contact with him. Bowen thereupon 
sprang to his feet and siezed hold of the Indian, whose 
body was naked and well greased, and being a very 
large, strong man, easily released himself from the 
grasp of Bowen, and instinctively drew his tomahaAvk 
and aimed a deadly blow. Bowen sprang forward 
quickly, with his head against the Indian's breast, 
whose arm struck violently upon Bowen's head, which 
threw the tomahawk from his hand without injury to 
Bowen, who then, in turn, drew bis great hunter's 
knife from his belt, and plunged it into the breast of 
the savage, who fell dead at his feet. 

"Captain Arbuckle, learning that Bowen was in the 
midst of the enemy, engaged in a hand-to-hand tight 
with an Indian Chief, rushed his company speedily to 
the rescue, beat back the enemy, and enabled Bowen to 
rejoin his friends without injury; not, however (ac- 
cording to the custom of the day), without his having 
seized and brought away with him the war accoutre- 
ments of the savage, as trophies of his victory." 

William Bowen, at the breaking out of the Kevolu- 
tionary War, was appointed to the command of a com- 
pany of Virginia Volunteers, and his brother, Reece 
Bowen, was First Lieutenant in the same company. 

I will now give a brief account of Reece Bowen, who 
was so renowned in the early settlement of West Vir- 
ginia. He was known over the whole region in which 
he lived for his great physical strength, being exceed- 
ingly muscular, something like the pugilists of the 
present day; but in that day, when the Indian and the 
wild beasts were continually prowling around the 
homes of the pioneers, seeking whom and what they 


might devour, it was almost a necessity that each man 
should be able to defend his family and property. 
There were no courts of justice, no jails or court- 
houses; really, every man had, to a certain extent, to 
be a law unto himself, and every one gloried in great 
physical strength, the possessor being generally 
respected in the community. It was a rude, wild life 
tho.«;e brave early settlers led in the wilds of Virginia. 
Many of Reece Bowen's neighbors said they believed he 
was as strong as Samson, and that his chest was a solid 
bone. There was not a man who had ever overcome 
him in a fist fight, which was a common amusement of 
that day. His fame had spread to such an extent 
that a man in Pennsylvania named Fork (who was also 
noted for his great physical strength) heard of Bowen 
and rode all the way to Virginia, with a man for his 
second, *'to whip Recce Bowen," as he expressed it. 
Fork was a much taller man than Bowen, being almost 
seven feet; but Bowen, although no more than six feet 
tall, was a very round and exceedingly muscular per- 
son. "" Fork, with his friend, rode up to Bowen's house, 
and simply stated to him that he had heard of his great 
powers, and that he had come to whip him. Bowen 
used every argument in his power to dissuade him 
from fighting, saying he had no dcsiie to fight, that 
he did not want to kill or injure him; but Fork would 
not be put otT. He said he had come all the way from 
Pennsylvania to whip Bowen, and he intended to do it. 
So Reece Bowen had to give up and consent to fight. 
With his brother William for a second, they set off 
with Fork and his friend to the woods to fight it out. 
The mode of fighting at that early day was what was 
then called "fist and skull" or "fist' and curt," and 
Foi-k, in his own State, was noted for this art. 

Having engaged, they did not fight long before Bowen 
brought Fork to the ground by a blow. Fork, however, 
soon up as determined as ever, saying: "Reece 
Bowen, I will whip you if it kills me." They again 
commenced fighting, and Bowen again brought him 
down bleeding, and he soon fainted away. This ended 
the fight. Fork asked Bowen's pardon, taking all the 


blame on himself, lie was taken to a neighbor's house, 
where he died twenty days afterwards. 

Kecce Bowen took counnand of his brother's com- 
pany (he being detained at home by the serious illness 
of his wife) and marched to the seat of war. In the 
meantime, Capt. William Bowen had received orders 
to raise a company of mounted rangers to protect the 
frontier from the depredations of the Indians and 
Tories, who were bolh cruel and vindictive. Keese 
Bowen was soon engaged in the great Battle of Kings 
Mountain, where he fell, shot in the forehead, while 
bravely leading his company up the mountain in his 
charge upon Ferguson and his men. (See "Kings 
Mountain and Its Heroes," by Draper.) This gives 
a full account of his death. 

Captain ^^'illiam Bowen was principally engaged in 
the partisan warfare on the borders of Virginia and 
Tennessee during the Revolution. Belonging to the 
cavalry, he was employed in scouting and trying to 
protect the frontier settlements. At the termination 
of that long struggle for independence, he was leader 
of a company of about fifteen men who came through 
Kentucky from Virginia to Middle Tenne.ssee. All of 
that country was then called the Cumberland coun- 
try, as it chiefly lay along the river of that name. 
They came prospecting, hoping to select locations to 
which they might emigrate with their families. Cap- 
tain Bowen had a land warrant from the government 
(for military services) of 640 acres, which he located 
on Round Lick Creek, in Smith County, Tennessee, not 
far from where the village of J\ome now stands. This 
tract he afterwards gave to his eldest daughter, Ta- 
bitha, upon her marriage to Col. Armpstead Moore, 
upon which they settled, raised twelve children, and 
both died there at a very advanced age. They and a 
number of their descendants are buried upon that 
place, which is now in the hands of strangers. 

Captain Bowen chose this place on acount of there 
being a great bulTalo lick there, where numerous herds 
were wont to gather to lick the salt which seemed 
plentiful in the great spring. He hoped there might 
be large deposits of salt in that region, upon which he 


could establish salt works. But he was disappointed; 
the deposits were too small to be of any value. Paths 
came into this lick from all directions, made by the 
various animals which came to drink of the salt and 
sulphur water, of which they were so fond. When 
prospecting in this region, which was an almost un- 
broken wilderness of cane and other dense under- 
growth, Captain Bowen gave orders to his company 
that none sljouJd lire upon the butl'alo, but one mis- 
chievous young fellow shot into a large herd, which so 
frightened them that they scattered up the various 
paths that ran through the thick canebrake. One of 
animals ran into the path up which Captain Bowen 
was leisurely riding. Upon hearing the thundering 
footsteps behind, he knew if he could not get out of 
the enormous brute's way, he and his horse would per- 
haps be crushed to death, so he laid whip, and ran his 
horse as hard as he could ; he took one path, and the ter- 
rified animal took another; thns his life was saved. The 
canebrake in that region was so very dense that neither 
man nor beast could get through it except in the beaten 

He returned to Virginia and immediately began mak- 
ing preparations to move his family and ertects to what 
is now Middle Tennessee, lie started in the fall of 
1785, with twenty-one well-broken horses of his own. 
Upon these he mounted as many neighbors as would 
come. With these and others that joined him later, 
and his own family, he had a considerable company. 
They came fi-om Virginia, and traveled by Lexington, 
Ky., which was a compaj'atively well-settled section at 
that time, at which place Col. Kobert Wilson, who had 
married his wife's sister, Celia Russell, entertained his 
whole company at a large barbecue. Some parts of 
Kentucky were still in a very unsettled state, and it was 
dangerous for emigrants to travel through it, unless 
they were in a large company. The Indians were always 
lurking in the woods to waylay any unwary travelers 
who were not able to protect themselves. The knowl- 
edge of these dangers made Captain Bowen very careful, 
so he took every precaution to avoid attack and to pro- 
tect his company. He generally rode at the head of the 


troop liimsolf, nnd at other limes would take the rear, 
and have his wife ride in the lead, she heing the eldest 
daughter of an old and experienced soldier, and used to 
the watchfulness of frontier life. They were driving a 
large number of cattle and young horses, so had to be 
very watchful to keep them from escaping into the 
woods. One day, when he was in the rear and his wife 
in the lead, she discovered an Indian dog in front of 
them. She immediately ordered the company to halt, 
and sent a messenger back for her husband. He soon 
returned, saying Captain Bowen could not be found, 
he having gone back to search for some colts that had 
wandered off. She ordered the company to stand still 
until Captain Bowen came up. He, in the meantime, 
had found the colts and was driving them towards his 
party, when he discovered an Indian trail between him 
and his friends, and saw the water still muddy where 
they had crossed a small stream. He left the colts 
and immediately galloped up to his company and moved 
on with them as fast as possible to get out of the dan- 
gerous neighborhood ; that night they were watchful in 
guarding the camp to prevent a surprise by the Indians, 
and before morning the lost colts came up. The sav- 
ages, they supposed, were following and watching them 
all day, but were afraid to attack so large a company. 
Thei-e were a number of negroes in the party of emi- 
grants, and when they were crossingBarren River, Laban, 
a youngGuinea negro, fell from his horse and would have 
been drowned had he not caught to the tail of a cow 
that was swimming past him, and was carried safely to 
the shoi-e. This Laban was a small boy at the time. 
He had l)een given to Mr.s. Bowen at the time of her 
marriage, by her father. Gen. William Bussell. His 
parents were two faithful Africans who were bought by 
General Bussell off a slave ship at Norfolk, Va. They 
had starved themselves almost to death while on the 
voyage, thinking if they were very thin they could not 
be killed and eaten upon their arrival in America. 
"VMien their new master treated them with kind- 
ness, their gratitude knew no bounds. They were in- 
dustrious, faithful slaves, and did all they could to care 
for General Russell's familv while he was awav from 


home in the Indian and Ixevolutionai-y Wars. These 
two old ^^laves were remembered with great affection by 
his children. The writer of this, a great-granddaughter 
of William Bowen, remembers seeing the above-men- 
tioned boy, Laban, when he was very old, bent so that 
he seemed to be a small, humi)backed man, white- 
haired and feeble, lie walked with a stick, grumbled 
at and struck the thoughtless young negroes if they 
laughed at him. He was being taken care of in his old 
age by a daughter of Mrs. Bowen's, Mrs. Catherine B. 
Campbell, at her home, "Camp-bell,'' near Lebanon, 
Tenn., when a young negro, named Sumner, who, with 
his master, Gov. William B. Cami)bell, was visiting at 
that place. This young fellow made much fun of "Uncle 
Laban," which made him very indignant, indeed. He 
said: "Dese stuck-up niggers comes from Nashville, 
thinks they is somebody 'cause they is been waitin' on 
a Governor; but I'se waited on Generals in the Revolu- 
tionary War, and that's better than waitin' on Gov- 

On arriving in Middle Tennessee, Captain Bowen set- 
tled with his faiuily on Mansker's Creek, in Sumner 
County, about twelve miles from Nashville, for the 
Indians were in possession of the whole of the country 
south of the Cumberland River, where his Bound Lick 
warrant was located. Finding that he could not settle 
at this place, as he exi)ected, on account of the hostility 
of the Indians, he built himself a log house on the bank 
of Mansker's Creek. In days the dread of Indian 
ma.ssacre was so great that, in nearly every settlement, 
thei*e was a block house or rude fort built for the 
protection of the whole neighborhood in times of dan- 
ger. Soon after Captain Bowen's settlement in Sumner 
County, there was a great alarm about the reported 
approach of some hostile Indians. Every able-bodied 
man was compelled to shoulder his gun and be ready to 
protect the settlement; the old men only were left in 
the block house to take care of the women and children. 
One day there was an alarm given of the ai)proach of 
Indians, and the neighbors all gathered into the block 
house, which was on Capt. Casjier Mansker's place. Cap- 
tain Bowen and his neighboi-s drove their cattle and 


liorsos lip with them, tlial theymigbt not be drivcu olT by 
the Indians. Wben they were al)Out to drive tbem into 
Captain Mansker's lot, be bailed Ibem and forbade it. 
Wbile tbey were besitating abont wbat course to pursue, 
Captain I3owen boldly rode up and tbrew open tbe gate 
and drove all tbe cattle in. Old Mrs. Mansker, wbo was 
standing viewing tbe scene, remarked tbat "Captain 
I'owen was tbe inipudenlest niati sbe ever did see." Tbe 
alarm proved false, and no Indians came. Soon after 
tbis alarm, a company was raised to go to tbe soutbern 
part of tbe State, and Captain Boweu was chosen its 
commander. lie left his wife with three small children 
at tbe block bou.'^e among entire strangers, and 
started ofl" to tight tbe Indians, wbo bad been very trou- 
blesome. Ere be reached the seat of war the decisive 
battle of ^'ickajack was fought, and after a short cam- 
paign, he, with his men, returned home. 

Captain Bowen built a double log house on Mansker's 
Creek, above what he thought, at the time, was tbe high- 
water mark. When the Cumberland River was very high, 
the backwater ran far up into tbe creek, and in the year 
17S6 there was an immense rise in tbe river, and tbe 
house was found to be below the high-water mark, and 
was, consequently, flooded. The family was compelled 
to pack everything in tbe two ui)stairs rooms of the 
house, and the neighbors came with boats and took 
them, with their furniture and bonsebold goods, to a 
house that stood on the bluff opposite ; they were com- 
pelled to remain there nine days before the water sub- 
sided. Cai)tain Bowen then determined to construct 
for himself a brick house out of the danger of the over- 
flow; be, witb bis friend, Col. Daniel Smith, sent to 
Kentucky for brick and stone masons to come and build 
their houses, as none but log houses had ever been built 
in that portion of the country. Colonel Smith's house 
was of stone, and Captain Bowen's of brick — the first 
of the kind ever built in Middle Tennessee, even in Nash- 
ville. It was often told by their children and grand- 
children that the two houses were built in North Caro- 
lina, those wbo heard wondering greatly at such a state- 
ment, forgetting tbat at the time tbey were built, that 
Tennessee was only a province, or a part of North Caro- 

272 nisTORicAL sketches. 

lina, ami had not been admit ted into the Union until 
17!H», as the State of Tennessee. 

Tiie house built in 1788 was a two story brick one, and 
for that day considered a large house; the walls were 
made very thick, to be a protection against the Indians' 
bullets; there Avere double rooms below and above, in 
front. The glass for the windows would be thought 
small now. They were Itrought from Kentucky on i)ack 
horses. The house is still standing (liJlOj, also the 
stone house built by Col. Daniel Smith, in the same 
neighborhood, in Sumner County. 

Capt. William BoMen died December 15, 1804. 
His family was a large one, numbering eight 
children. See chart; also the above account. 
Catherine, the third child, married David Campbell, 
in 1806, and they went to housekeeping on a farm 
of one hundred and sixty acres of land given her 
by her father, just one mile from his house, and a short 
distance from where the creek empties into the Cumber- 
land River. Such was the home into wliich William 
Bowen Campbell was born, on February 1, 1807. 

I have often heard my grandmother, Catherine Bowen 
Campbell, tell anecdotes of the Indians and the early 
settlers, and of their rude way of living. It seems that 
after the Indians became friendly they were anxious to 
take on some of the manners and customs of the whites. 
There was a chief of a Cherokee tribe, name was 
Johnnie Redshoe.<*. He, with his wife and children, 
often came to visit the "white chief," as he called Cap- 
tain Bowen. He would ride his horse and make his 
wife walk and carry the baby, so Captain Bowen told 
him that was ''not the way white man did; that he 
walked and let his women and children ride," so the 
next visit he paid to them he was walking, dressed in the 
height of Indian fashion, and his wife was sitting on the 
horse astride, with her back to the horse's head, with 
two children in front of her, and Sally, the twelve-year- 
old daughter, walking beside her father. The api^ear- 
ance of this party created a great deal of merriment in 
the Bowen household, but Cai)tain and Mrs. Bowen 
would not allow their children to show the least amuse- 
ment in the presence of their Indian guests. They were 


obliged always to treat them with the greatest courtesy. 
Sally, the daughter, would ofteu spend several weeks at 
Captain Bowen's home, her father being anxious for her 
to be taught the accomplishments of the white girls- 
reading, writing and sewing. She was kind and amiable, 
but dull, and did not satisfy the ambition of the Indian 
Chief, her father. 

There was a little girl friend of Captain Bowen's 
children who often visited them. She had been partially 
scalped by an Indian in an attack on her home. A deep 
cut was made over one eye, which became so drawTi that 
the eye could never be closed. I have heard my grand- 
mother say that she was always afraid to sleep with her, 
because her eye was wide open even while she was 


A large number of the earliest settlers of the Colony 
of Virginia were Cavaliers, and younger branches of 
noble English houses; they brought with them educa- 
tion, influence, and wealth, and shared largely the 
tastes, feelings and principles of their order. The large 
extent of rich territory to be obtained by patent, or pur- 
chase, offered great inducements to the adventurous 
youth of the mother countrj', and the granting of this in 
large tracts to many, established at fi very early period 
all the elements of a landed aristocracy. The histories 
of many of the early colonists were doubtless full of 
interest, and some of them were of a romantic nature; 
but we are denied the pleasure of obtaining much relat- 
ing to their early deeds and exploits, as at that period 
few records were kept, and comparatively little has been 
preserved for posterity. 



The foundei-s of families in America .seem to have 
overlooked the importauce of keeping records of 
their times, aud of the chief events of their histories, for 
the benefit of future generations; consequently, tradi- 
tion has largely to be depended on in gathering the his- 
tory of Colonial families. 

The Russell family, in England, is of great antiquity. 
It was originally of Normandy, where the name was 
DuKozel. Willin, in his "Memoir of the House of 
Russell," says: ''It derives its distinctive api)ellation 
from one of the fiefs which the first chieftain of that 
name possessed, anterior to the conquest of England by 
William the Conqueror, in lower Normandy, in the 
ancient Barony of Briquebec. In 10G6, they occupied 
the castle and territory of DuRozel, which was a portion 
of their appendage, as a younger branch of the Ber- 
trands, Barons of Briquebec ; a house, the head of which 
took the title of Sire, being accounted second only in 
rank to the Barons of St. Sauveur, who were styled 
Viscomtes of La Mauche." 

Hugh DuRozel, who appears to have been the first of 
the name, was born about 1021. Soon after the Norman 
conquest, the DuRozels crossed the channel into 
England, where they had lands assigned them in North- 
umberland, and where the name became Anglicized into 

Robert De Russell, in 1141, led his company of knights 
and greatly distinguished himself in the Battle of Lin- 
coln. The earliest coat of arms of the family in England 
bore a lyon rampant, gules; on a chief, sable, three 
escallops, argent. The family is still represented in 
England by the Duke of Bedford. 

^Peter Russell and his wife, ^Sarah (maiden name not 
given), lived in Orange County, Virginia, prior to 1710; 
he died in 1746, she in 1756. In her recorded will she 
states: *'I, Sarah Ru-t^sell, of the Parish of St. Marks, in 
the County of Culi>e]>er, widow% etc.," and mentions her 
three daughters, ^Sarah Reed, -Mary Wright and -Eliza 
beth Roberts, and of her son, ^WiUiain, and his wife 
Mary. She also makes bequests to her three grand 
children, 'William Russell, ^Henry Russell and ^Gather 
ine Russell, children of ^William Russell and Mary 


Ileulcy, Ill's wife. She appoint?! lier son, -William, and 
her gi'andsons, ^William and ^Henry Rnssell, her exec- 
utors. No other heirs are mentioned. If her daughters 
liad children she does not mention them. See ''Records 
of Cul[)e{>er Court House." Will Book A, p. 1G5. 

July (5, 1752, William Beverly, of ]':.ssex County, Va., 
sold and convened to -William Russell, Sr., 2,000 acres 
of land in Bromfield Parish, Culi)eper County, on the 
north branch of Hedgeman's River, and Stoney Run. 
Tie also owned large landed estates in the counties. of 
Frederick, Berkley, Dunmore, Augusta, Botetourte, and 
in New Jersey. In an act of March, 1756, of the Vir- 
ginia House of Burgesses, for payment of services in the 
militia of Culpeper County in the French and Indian 
Wars, there appeal's the following wording: ''William 
Russell, for his servant man, John Dixon Wright, a foot 
soldier, 180 lbs. of Tobacco." See "Henning's Statutes 
of Virginia," Vol. VII. 

June 30, 1756, ^William Russell, Jr., was commis- 
sioned Ensign in a Virginia Regiment, for services in 
the French and Indian War. 

Until recently it was supposed that Lieut.-Col. ^Will- 
iam Russell, Sr., who served in the French and Indian 
War in Virginia, was the founder of the family in that 
Colony, but it is now known and proved that his parent- 
age was as is here stated, and it is believed that his 
father, ^Peter Russell, and his wife, Sarah, came from 
Maryland to Virginia, date of removal not known, 
"Virginia Magazine of History and Biography," Vol. 
VI, No. 2, October, 1898. ^Peter and Sarah Russell left 
one son and three daughters, namely: ^Sarah, married 
Mr. Reed ; ^Mary, married Mr. Wright, and -Elizabeth, 
married Mr. Roberts. 

-William was born in 1679. In early youth he was 
sent to England to complete his education, which was 
the custom of wealthy Virginians at that date, especially 
was it the case with the eldest son. He was a student 
of law at the Inns of Court, Ix)ndon ; but before return- 
ing to Virginia, he obtained a commission as Captain 
in the Colonial Army, which was the usual thing for 
ambitious young men to do at that time, when every 
settler in a new country was necessarily a military man. 


He left England for his borne in Virginia in 1710. 
-"William lUis.scll, Gent," was given pennissiou (ad- 
mitted to the bar), in Frederick County, Virginia, to 
practice law, in April, 1713. He was one of the first 
attorneys of this county. 

Sir Alexander Spottiswood, in bis letters published by 
the Historical Society of Virginia, says that "William 
Ru.ssell. r.ent, came from i:ngland with said Sjxittis- 
wood, and arrived within the Capes of Virginia in the 
Deptford Man of War, Tancred Kobinson, Commander, 
on the 20tb of June, 1710; on the 21st of June they 
proceeded up the river in the Bedford Galley, com- 
manded by Captain Lee, who landed his boat at James- 
town, Virginia." 

Another old account says that "be was an officer in 
the British Army of occupation and defense in Vir- 

He obtained large grants of land from the English 
Government. Becords in the Virginia Laud Office sho\v 
where many of these grants were located. In 1712 he 
purchased from Lord Fairfax several thousand acres, 
which were located, in i»art, not far from Germana, the 
settlement made by Governor Spottiswood, in what was 
afterwards Spott.sylvania County; many entries of 
lands ai-e found patented by him, aggregating over fifty 
thousand acres. In 1730, he purchased two tracts of 
laud, containing, resj>ectively, ten and six thousand 
acres, also in Spottsylvania. Records show that he had 
ten thousand acres in Orange County, which was formed 
from Spottsylvania, in 1734. Upon a portion of this 
tract be established his home, which, upon the formation 
of Culpei)er County from Orange in 1743, was thrown 
into Culpeper. The present location of that portion 
of his estate is in the southeastern portion of this 
county, extending into Orange. "It bordered on the 
old Wilderness road, and reached to the Rapidan River."' 
A portion of it is mentioned as being on the North Fork 
of the Rappahannock. Emptying into the Rapidan 
were two streams, or creeks, known as the "Big Russell 
Run" and the "Little Russell Run." In 17.35 two tracts 
of land in Frederick County, containing, respectively, 
4,950 and 3,650 acres, were patented to him from the 


King's Office, as were otliei- tracts in Augusta County. 
In 1730 he was married to Mary Henley. We know noth- 
ing relating to her family, except that she was a de- 
scendant of Capt. Kohert Uenlev, of Maryland. Tradi- 
tion also tells us that -William' Eussell was one of the 
party of Cavaliers who accompanied Governor Spottis- 
wood in his expedition across the Appalachian -Moun- 
tains, into the wilderness beyond, in search of goodly 
lands in 171G, which was then considered a great 
achievement; they were sixteen, brave, adventurous, 
Virginia gentlemen. Upon their return, it is said that 
Governor Spottiswood presented each with a small 
golden horseshoe, to be worn upon the breast in memory 
of their expedition, thereby creating a temporary order 
of knighthood in Virginia, called the "Tramontane 
Order." The beautiful poem by Dr. Frank O. Tichnor, 
"The Virginians of the Valley," was written in commem- 
oration of the bravery of those noble Cavaliers of the 
olden time. From 1743 to 1748, "Capt. William Kus- 
sell" was "Collector of r>evies" on estates in Culpeper 
County, Virginia, and attested debts due estates. 

From 1750 to 1751, Captain William Russell, Gent, 
was one of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace for Cul- 
peper County, Virginia. See County Records. 

Belonging to the Chuich of England, William Russell 
was an active member, and vestryman in the old Colo- 
nial Church known as "Buck Run," in St. Marks Parish, 
in 175G. He served as Lieutenant-Colonel in a cam- 
paign against the French and Indians in 1755. See 
"History of St. Marks Parish," by Rev. Philip Slaughter. 
He was a warden in this church as early as 1740. He 
died October 18, 1757. Will proved October 20, 1757. 
His wife, Mary Henley Russell, died in 1784. See "Old 
Chui'ches, Parishes and Families of Virginia,"by Bishop 

The children of ^William Russell and Mary Henley 
Russell were: 

^William, born in 1735. He received a classical 
and scientific education at William and Mary Col- 
lege, the seat of learning in the United States, 
except Harvard College. He had decided to adopt the 
law as his profession, and was ready to enter upon his 


studies to carry out that design wlien lie returned home 
from college in the spring of 1755. "J'he unsettled state 
of the country and his early marriage Ihis year frus- 
trated his plans in regard to the study of law. 

^Ilenry liussell was educated in England to be a physi- 
cian. He traveled extensively, and was for a time in 
the West Indies. He participated with the Virginia 
troops in Avhat was then known as Lord Dunmore's War, 
and was slain in an engagement with the Indians. He 
was never married, and was quite young when he was 
killed. His family received a large grant of land in 
Kentucky for his military services. 

^Catherine Russell, the only daughter and youngest 
child of ^William Russell, married a Mr. Roberts, of 
Culj^eper County, Virginia. Nothing can be found 
relating to her family, except that she was living in 
Shenandoah, Va., in 1793, and that her two sons, ^John 
and ^Henry Roberts, lived there also. Diligent search 
has been made for her descendants, but no trace of them 
can be found. It is supposed that none of them are 
living. So we have only to trace out the line of 
"'William, the son and heir, who married, in 1755, 
Tabitha, daughter of Samuel Adams and Chai'trv 
Courfs;his wife, who, after Mr. Adams' death, in Charles 
County, Maryland, in 1748, married a Mr. Samuel 
Moore; consequently Tabitha Adams Russell had three 
own sisters, named Adams, and two half-sisters, named 
Moore, and one half-brother, by the name of Lieut. 
William Moore, of the Continental Army. Maj. John 
Courts, of Maryland, an ofitker in the Continental Army, 
was first cousin of Tabitha Adams. 

^William Russell was not twenty-one when he mar- 
ried. He very soon afterwards went to live on one of 
his large plantations. The same year he raised a com- 
pany of mounted Rangers, and was with Braddock on 
his disastrous campaign against the French and Indians 
in 1757. Lieut.-Col. William Russell's name is among 
the number of those who took part in the campaign 
against the French and Indians in 1757, as found in an 
old list in Rev. Philip Slanghter's "History of St. Marks 
Parish," but this is -William Russell, the elder, who 
married Mary Henley. What special campaign this 


refers to is not known. X^vy little is known of the 
personal bistorj of Tabitba Adnnis lUissell, except that 
her memory was revered and name perpetuated in 
nearly every branch of the families of her descendants. 
Her family, the Courts, Yates, Henley, Adams, 
and Godfrey, were highly honored in Maryland, their 
native colony. It is shown in the records of Frederick 
County, A'irgiuia, that in 17<j:'., William Jiussell, Gentle- 
man (heir at law of William IJnssell, deceased) and 
Tabitha Adams, his wife, disposed of lands which had 
been patented to William Russell, deceased, from the 
King's Ollice, December 17, 17:35. In 17(J5, Captain 
Russell was sent by the British authorities on a mission 
to the Chickamaugas, Creeks and other tribes of Indians 
that were living in the region of country about where 
Chattanooga now stands. He was employed nearly 
twelve months in executing this trust. During that 
time, he and his men endured great hardships; while 
engaged in this work, he kept an accurate account of all 
that transpired, in the form of a journal, which was 
long preserved and treasured by his children, but, unfor- 
tunately, has been lost sighf of. His eldest grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Tabitha Boweu Moore, had read this 
journal. In 1770 he emigrated, with his family, to 
Southwestern Virginia, and settled temporarily on New 
River. His design was to go on to Kentucky, where he 
had valuable lands, which had been patented to him, for 
his and his only brother's (Henry) services in the 
Colonial Army. 

In the fall of 177.3, with the intention of executing 
this purijose, he proceeded, with his family, to ''Castle 
Woods," on the Clinch River, but from information re- 
ceived, he considered it too dangerous to pass the wilder- 
ness of the Cumberland with his family at that time; so 
he halted with them and sent his eldest son, *Henry, 
a well grown youth of about seventeen years of 
age, with several of his negro men, with a large party 
of explorers and adventurers, who were going to the 
beautiful region of Kentucky. Pie intended to have his 
slaves, under the direction of his son, clear the land, 
build houses, and plant a crop preparatory to his re- 
moval later with his family to that territory. The party 

m.^SELL FAMILY. 281 

left the Yadkin, Seplcmbor, 177;J, under lite direction 
and guidance of the exi>erienced lunilcr and explorer, 
Daniel Eoone, Avbo, with his own fiimily, and that of 
his biother-in-law, William Bryan, and a number of 
other families, were joined by young Henry IJussell and 
his negro men. 

The account of what befell them is taken from Flint's 
'•Life of r)ani(.'l I'done,'" which is ;is follows: '"The expe- 
dition of Boone to Kentucky began its march on the 
2Cth of September, 1778. They all set forth with confi- 
dent spirits for the^Yestern wilderness, and were joined 
by another party in Powell's Valley, a settlement in ad- 
vance of that on the Yadkin, towards the Western coun- 
try; all counted, they were eighty j^ersons. The prin- 
cipal ranges of the Alleghany, over which they must 
pass, were designated Powells, Waldens and Cumber- 
land Ranges. These high and rugged mountains form- 
ing the barrier between the old and the new country; 
stretching from northeast to southwest, the asjwct of 
these liuge piles was so wild and rugged, as to make it 
natural for those of the party who were unaccustomed 
to mountains to express fears of being unable to reach 
the opposite side. Their progress was not interrupted 
by any adverse circumstances, and all were in high 
spirits, until the west side of Walden's was reached. 
They were now destined to meet an appalling re- 
verse of fortune. On the 10th of October, as the party 
was advancing along a narrow defile, unapprehensive 
of danger, they were suddenly terrified by fearful yells. 
Instantly aware that Indians had surrounded them, 
the men" sprang to the defense of the helpless women 
and children; but the attack had been so sudden, and 
the Indians were so superior in point of numbers, that 
six men fell at the first onset of the savages. A sev- 
enth was wounded, and the party would have been 
overpowered but for a general and etTective discharge 
of the rifles of the remainder. The Indians took flight 
and disappeared. Even had the number of travelers 
allowed it, they felt no inclination to pursue the re- 
treating Indians. Their loss had been too severe to 
l^ermit the immediate gratification of revenge. Among 
the slain was the eldest son of Daniel Boone, and 


young Henry Kussell, son of Col. William Kussell, and 
one of his negroes. 

"The liorscs and doiiieslic animals accompanying the 
ex]»cdi1ion were so scattei-ed by the noise of the aflray 
that it was impossible to again collect and recover 
them. The distress and discouragement of the party 
was so great as to produce an immediate determination 
to drop the projected attempt of a settlement in Ken- 
tucky, and to return to the Clinch River, which lay 
forty miles in their rear, where a number of families 
had already settled. They then proceeded to i)erform 
the last melancholy duties to the bodies of their unfor- 
tunate companions, with all the observances that cir- 
cumstances would allow. Their return was then de- 
cided upon, and the party retraced in deep sadness the 
steps they had so lately taken in cheerfulness and even 

After the massacre, Boone and his party went back 
forty miles to Blackmore's Fort, on the Clinch River, 
and remained there until 1775. 

In 1843 Daniel Bryan, of Kentucky (a nephew of 
Daniel Boone's), gave these facts to Lyman C. Draper, 
the historian. Bryan was then eightj'-six years of age. 
He had heard the story from Daniel Boone himself, 
and from his own father, William Bryan, who was with 
Boone on this occasion. It is supposed that Flint 
received his knowledge from the same source. 

Haywood and Ramsey, in their histories of Tennes- 
see, gave accounts of this fight. Butler, in his history 
of Kentucky, gives an account of the attack in Powell's 
Valley, and speaks of the fate of "three promising boys, 
the eldest sons of three families — Henry Russell, 
Boone's son, and one other who was moving with the 
party to Kentucky." An old Virginia Gazette for 1773 
gives a similar account, and says Col. Arthur Campbell 
went in pursuit of the Indians. 

The death of his eldest son was a sad blow to Captain 
Russell, and caused him to relinquish the idea of emi- 
gration to Kentucky. He owned a tract of twenty-four 
hundred acres of land on the Clinch River, which had 
been granted to him by the King of England through 
the government and Council of Virginia. Upon this, 


he established his home ucar a selllemeut called Cliiuh. 
It was about twelve miles from Castle Woods Fort, on 
the Clinch Kiver, and immediately on the line of travel 
from Virginia to the wilderness of Kentucky. That 
locality is now in Kussell County, Vii-ginia, which was 
called in honor of General Russell, as was also Russell- 
ville. Ky. He was, soon after this occurrence, called 
into active service by Governor Dunmore, of Virginia, 
as the Indians were becoming troublesome to the fron- 
tier settlements. In 1774 he commanded an expedition 
against the Shawnee Indians, in Southwestern Vir- 
ginia ; he also led a company in the Battle of Point 
Pleasant, on October 10, 1774, in Gen. Andrew Ivewis' 

An extract from a letter from Governor William 
Bowen Campbell, of Tennessee, to Lymann C. Draper: 
''Fincastle County, Virginia, was divided into several 
counties, one of which was called for General Russell. 
His residence, "Castle Woods,' was in this county. He 
commanded a company in Gen. Andrew Lewis' exi)edi- 
tion against the ShaM^nees and other Northern tribes 
of Indians in 1774, and was in the celebrated Battle of 
Point Pleasant at the junction of the Great Kanawha 
with the Ohio. Capt. William Bowen was First Lieu- 
tenant in Russell's company in this campaign. He was 
a man of strong mind and good memory, and used to 
relate with great clearness the events which occurred 
under his ob.^rvation. The enemy was first discov- 
ered by two men of Captain Russell's company about 
davlight, who went out hunting. One was shot by the 
Indians; the other escai^ed to the camp and gave the 
alarm. Russell's company and several others were 
ordered to make the attack, Col. Charles Lewis com- 
manding. The action continued the whole day, and 
was a very closely contested battle. My grandfather, 
William Bowen, stated that fifteen of their company 
were killed dead on the field, and a large number 
wounded, I do not remember how many. A most 
graphic account of this engagement you have in a letter 
sent you by Governor David Campbell, written by Gov- 
ernor Isaac Shelby, and it fully agrees with the state- 
ments made by Captain Bowen to his family. This 


letter was written the dn}' after the battle. He was a 
Lieutenant in his father's (Cai)t. Evan Shelby's) com- 
pany. Jn this letter the details are more accurately 
given than is to be found in any published accounts of 
that battle. I have read several, but they are all very 
general, and in many particulars very imperfect, en- 
tirely overlooking many of the most i)rominent actors, 
wlnMe others who were not in the battle at all are men- 
tioned as participating. Jn 177G General Kussell was 
a member of the IIou.'^ of Burgesses of Virginia, from 
the large County of Fincastle. Col. Arthur Campbell 
was also a member from this county at the same ses- 
sion. The good conduct of Kussell at the Battle of 
Point Pleasant and his known ability and valor in- 
duced the Legislature of Virginia on the beginning of 
hostilities Avith England in the summer of 1776, to 
appoint him to the command of one of the first regi- 
ments raised in that State for her own defense, and 
that of the Lnited Colonies," 

Collins, in his "History of Kentucky," says: "The 
Battle of Point Pleasant was the most severely con- 
tested coutlict ever maintained with the Northwestern 
Indians. The action continued from sunrise to sunset. 
The ground, for half a mile along the bank of the Ohio, 
was alternately occupied by each of the parties in the 
course of the day. The Indians, under the command 
of their celebrated Chief Cornstalk, abandoned the field 
under cover of the night. Their loss, according to 
official report, exceeded'that of the English; the latter 
amounted to sixty-three killed and eighty wounded." 

This report was drawn up by Capt. William Eussell, 
Avho was said to have been the most finished scholar in 
the camp. Collins also says that the garrison at 
Kanawha was commanded by Capt. William Kussell 
until the troops were disbanded in July, 1775, by order 
of Governor Dunmore, who was apprehensive that the 
post might be held by the rebel authorities. Charles 
Campbell, of Petersburg, Va., in April, 1S46, sent to 
Lyman C. Draper a letter written in 1775 by the 
famous Indian Chief, Cornstalk, to Capt. William Rus- 
sell, who was at that time in command of a frontier 
station called Fort Randolph. This letter is now in 


the "Draper Collection," wliich belongs to the His- 
toi'ical Society at Madison, "NA'is. 

The above-named Campliell published a short history 
of Virginia, to which is aj)[>ended an unpublished 
account of the campaign in which tlie l?attle of Point 
Pleasant was fought in 1774, written by a deceased 
uncle of his. Dr. Samuel Campbell, of Rockbridge 
County, Vii'ginia. 

In i77G Captain Kussell was promoted to the rank 
of Colonel, and commanded a regiment of mounted 
men. He was constantly engaged in the latter part of 
this year in repelling the aggressive Indians on the 
frontiers of Virginia. Haywood's "History of Ten- 
nessee," page 65 ; Ramsey's ''History of Tennessee," 
pages 158 and 2G2. 

Ramsey, in his "Histoi*y of Tennessee," says: 
"Expresses had succeeded in escaping from the be- 
sieged fort at Watauga, and in communicating to 
the station at Heatons (Eatons), the dangerous con- 
dition in which the siege had involved them. Colonel 
Russell was immediately sent with five companies to 
relieve the besieged fort. On their way they fell in 
with a party of forty Cherokee Indians who were busy 
skinning a beef on a deserted plantation fifty miles 
east of Long Island. Of these Russell's men killed five, 
and took one prisoner, and captured twenty rifles." 

I insert here an extract from a letter of Lyman C. 
Draper to W. B. Campbell in regard to the career of his 
great-grandfather: "Gen. William Russell was Captain 
of a company in the campaign against the Indians in 
the Battle of Point Pleasant, October 20, 1774 ; Major 
of a mounted regiment of men from Fincastle County, 
Virginia, in the spring and summer of 1775; in the 
summer and fall of 1776, was Lieutenant-Colonel in 
Colonel Christian's i-egiment in an expedition against 
the Cherokee Indians; was full Colonel in 1777; a 
Colonel commanding two regiments in 1779 ; a Brevette 
General at the close of the war in 1783, thus exhibiting 
a continuance in the service of nearly nine years. This 
shows what an important part he performed, in the 
struggle for liberty; and his memoir should be com- 
plete and creditable; creditable alike to his memory 
and to his worthy descendants." 


He was in Geii. Peter Miihlenbiirg's brigade iu 1777. 
This and General "Wheedon's brigade were in Gen, Na- 
thaniel Green's division at the IJattle of Gennautown, 
October 4, 1777. See Sparks' "Life of Washington," also 
Marshall's "Life of Washington," and "Winning of the 
West," bj Eoosevelt, pp. 345 and 223. 

^AVilliam Rnssell was a member of the Virginia con- 
vention that met in 'SA'illiamsbnrg, Va., May C, 177G, 
from I^otetourt County, lie was also a njember of the 
convention of 1775. 

In 177G, while a delegate to the convention, he was 
appointed Colonel of the 13th Virginia Kegiment on 
Continental establishment, lie was one of the Original 
Members of the Order of the Cincinnati. See Virginia 
Magazine of History, Vol. VI, No. 1, July, 1S98; also 
Vol. VII, No. 1, page 26. 

He was at Brandywine and Germantown in the fall 
of 1777, and at Monmouth, June 2S, 1778. See Judge 
Johnston's "Life of Gen. N. Green." 

In 1777-78-79, Colonel Russell was in Washington's 
Grand Army; was in General Woodford's brigade, 
which was ordei-ed to join General Lincoln at Charles- 
ton, S. C, at which place they arrived April 10, 1780, 
and the surrender took place May 12, 1780. He was 
held a captive on a British prison ship which sailed for 
the West Indies; while in captivit}^, his relatives in 
England made earnest overtures to hira to return to 
his allegiance to the King, but he w\as too staunch a 
patriot to be corrupted by their offers of high place and 
position in England. He was exchanged in November, 
1780, and immediately entered Wai^hington's Grand 
Army; was at Yorktown on October 19, 1781, when 
Cornwallis surrendered. He served until November 3, 
1783, when he was brevetted Brigadier General and 
retired on half pay for life. See Heitman's "Register 
of Officers of the Continental Army," page 354. He 
received large grants of land in Kentucky for his ser- 
vices in the Colonial and Continental Armies. He was 
a man made in the finest mould, military in apix^ar- 
ance, straight, spare, muscular, active and over 
six feet in height. Col. David Campbell, of Campbell's 
Station, East Tennessee (an old Colonial and Revolu- 


tionary soldiei'), said that he saw him at Abingdon, Va., 
just after he had received his appointment as Colonel 
of one of the Virginia regiments, when lie was on the 
eve of leaving to join the army, and he thought he was 
the finest specimen of a military man and cavalier that 
he had ever seen. 

General ^Russell's wife, Tabitha Adams, daughter of 
Samuel Adams and Charity Courts, his wife, died in 
177(», leaving him with nine children; his eldest daugh- 
ter, *Mary Henley, taking charge of the household at 
her mother's death ; the father being away from home in 
the service of his country, and bravely did this young 
daughter fulfill the trust imposed upon her, in caring 
for her young brothei*s and sisters, until her marriage 
to Capt. William Bowen. 

Upon General KusselTs return home from the war, 
in 1783, he was married to Mrs. Elizabeth Henry Camp- 
bell, the widow of Gen. William Campbell, the famous 
leader of the American forces at the Battle of Kings 
Mountain, who died a few weeks before the surrender at 
Yorktown in 1781. She was a daughter of John Henry, 
a native of Aberdeen, Scotland, and his wife, Sarah Win- 
ston ; her grandfather, Isaac Winston, married Jane 
Robertson, a sister of Dr. William Robertson, the histo- 
rian. They were related to the family of Lord Brougham, 
the great English orator. Mrs. E. Campbell Russell 
was a sister of Patrick Henry. She was a woman 
gifted with great intelligence and rare conversational 
powers. Her daughter by General Campbell, Sarah B., 
afterwards married Gen. Francis Preston. 

General Russell had nine children when he was mar- 
ried to Mrs. Campbell. Their life was perfectly happy 
and harmonious. He was remarkable for his devo- 
tional nature, and as a husband and father was fond 
and indulgent. Their daughter, ""Jane B. Russell, 
married Col. William P. Thompson, and they left two 
daughters, who, after the death of their parents, lived 
with their grandmother, Mrs. Russell, near Abingdon, 
Va. *Mary Henley, General Rus-sell's eldest daughter, 
was married in 1777 to Capt. Wm. Bowen, an officer in 
the Virginia Colonial and Continental Armies. 

General Russell's eldest son, ^William, was in the 


Battle of Kings Mountain, though quite a joung man 
at the time. He, with his brother, ^]Jobert Spotts- 
wood Russell, at the dose of the war, moved to Lex- 
ington, Ky., and settled on land given to them by their 
father, being a part of his military grant. 

The above-named * William Eussell commanded a 
regiment in the War of 1R12. He was a brave, i)atri- 
otie, excellent citizen, and died in lS2t). ^Kobert S. 
Kussell moved from Kentucky to Missouri, and died in 
18-41. General Kussell's other children all moved to 
the \A''estern country and reared families of respect- 
ability. Many of his descendants became prominent 
men and women. ^General Russell died at the residence 
of Colonel Allen, in Rockingham County, Virginia, on 
the Shenandoah, January 14, 1793, and was buried in 
the adjoining County of Culpeper, at "Buck Run" 
Church, where his father's family, and his wife were 
buried. His second wife, Elizabeth Henry, survived 
him for thirty years, living near Abingdon, Virginia, 
among her children and grandchildren, a noted and 
exemplary woman. She was born in 1747; died in 

^Peter Russell's family came to the Colony of Vir- 
ginia from England, date of emigration not known. 
He was living in Orange County, Virginia, prior to 

1710. He married Sarah —. ' He died in 1746. 

Her will is dated April 20, 1756, Culpeper County, 
Virginia, Will Book "A," page 165. They had four 
children, namely: ^Sarah, married Mr, Read; ^Mary, 
married Mr. Wright ; ^IClizabeth, married Mr. Roberts. 
Col. ^William Russell, born in 1670; married Mary Hen- 
ley in 1720. He was Captain and Colonel in Virginia 
Colonial service. See Henning's "Statutes of Virginia," 
Vol. VII, and "History of St. Marks Parish," by Slaugh- 
ter. He died October 18, 1757. He left three children, 
namely: ^Dr. Henry Russell, died in early manhood, 
unmarried. ^Catherine Russell, married Mr. Roberts; 
they had two sons, "'John and ^Henry; Gen. ^William 
Russell, the only one whose line can be traced, was born 
in Culpeper County, Virginia, in 1735; married, fii-st, 
Tabitha Adams, daughter of Samuel Adams and Char- 
ity Courts, his wife, in 1755. She had ten children, 


and died in 177G. His second wife was Elizabeth 
Henry, a sister of Patrick Henry, and widow of Gen. 
William Campbell, one of the heroes of the Battle of 
Kings Mountain; by her he had two daughters cand 
two sons. 

I will now give a connected list of Gen. ^William 
EusselTs descendants. 

Gen. ''Rnssell's fourteen ( hildron were: MIenry, 
killed by Indians in 1773, when he was sixteen years of 
age; ^Althaleah, ^Catherine and ^Henley Kussell died 
young; the other ten were: *William, ^Mary Henley, 
^Tabitha, "Eobert, "John, ^Celia, "Samuel, ^Chloe, "Eliza 
and "Jane Russell. 

"William Russell, born in 1758, was in the War of 
i77G, was at the Battles of Kings Mountain, Whitsell's 
Mills and Guilford Court House. He married Nancy 
Price, December 17, 1786. They had eleven children. 
He died in July, 1825; his wife died in September, 
1830. . Soon after the close of the Revolution of 1776, 
he emigrated from Culpeper County, Virginia, to Fay- 
ette County, Kentucky. He was in a number of expe- 
ditions against the Indians under Gen. Charles Scott, 
Col. James Wilkerson and Gen. Anthony Wayne. He 
commanded a regiment of regulars at the Battle of 
Tipj)ecanoe, under Gen. William Henry Harrison. He 
served in the Kentucky Ivegislature for a number of 
years, then retired to his country home, ''Mount Bril- 
liant." Gen. ^William Russell inherited a military 
tract of land from his deceased brother. Dr. ^Henry 
Russell. This tract comprised two thousand acres. 
This he divided equally between his two sons, "William 
and "Robert Russell. H was situated about six miles 
from Lexington, Ky., on a stream called the Elkhorn. 

"William Russell and Nancy Price had, first, '^Eliza, 
born September 14, 1787. She was married to Daniel 
Bradford on February 14, 1807, son of John Bradford, 
who established the Kentucky Gazette. She died in 
1850; he in 1857. Their children who left descendants 
were: ®Anne, *Julia B. and ^William R. Bradford. 
'Anne R. Bradford married Nathaniel L. Turner, of 
Fayette County, Kentucky. Their children were: "Car- 
oline, married John S. Shields, of Stanford, Ky. They 



removed to Galveston, Texas. Their children were: 
^Kelson, '*Emma and ^Lewis Shields. ''Kalhaniel Tur- 
ner is unmarried, and lives in Wyoming. ®Julia Brad- 
ford raanied Di-. Samuel Hatch, in 1831. They moved 
to Missouri. Their children were: ^Daniel, ^Clarence 
and '^Julia Hatch. ''Daniel B. Hatch married Hattie 
Shields. He died in Missouri, in 1880, leaving two 
children: ^Daniel B. and ®Anne M. Hatch. ^Clarence 
G. Hatch married Mrs. ]iradford, of Texas. 'Julia 
Hatch married Judge Andrew Ellison, of Canton, Mo. 
Their four children are: ^Israel, ^Julia, ^Samuel and 
*James Ellison. ^William K. Bradford married Agues 
Bradford, of Georgetown, Ky. Issue: ^Clara, married 
Colonel W'Tiitley. • Issue: ^Lambert and ^Bradford 
Whitley. ^William K. Bradford married Ida Donahoe, 
and lives in Washington, D. C. 

\Samuel P. Russell, born in 1795, married Eliza Da- 
venport, of Nachitoches, La., in 1824, Issue: •'Samuel 
D. Bussell, married Emily D. B. Brandt. Their chil- 
dren are: ^William, born in 1855; married Miss Barr; 
they had three children. Mane, born in 18G0, married 
Charles Hunter, of Fon du Lac, Wis., and has one son, 
®Hobert Hunter. ^Clementina Russell, born in 1865, 
is the adopted daughter of Bishop Hobert Bro\\Ti, of Fon 
du Lac, Wis. ''William E. Russell, married Sally E. 
Alexander, of Grand Ecore, La., and has four children. 
^Eliza Russell, married J. B. Davenport, and lives in 
New Orleans, La. 

^Caroline E. Russell, daughter of Col. William and 
Nancy Price Russell, born in 1797, married, first. Carter 
Henry Harrison, in 1822; her second husband was 
Thomas P. Dudley. Her children were: ^Carter Henry 
Harrison, born February 15, 1825. He graduated in 
Yale College, then completed a course of law at Transyl- 
vania University, in Kentucky. He spent several years 
in foreign travel. Upon his return he sold his Kentucky 
estate and went to live in Chicago, where he became 
prominent in city politics. In 1851 he married, first, 
Sophia Preston, of Henderson, Ky. She died in Ger- 
many in 187G. Their children are: ^Caroline, ''Carter 
Henry, ^William and ^Sophia Harrison. The last- 
named, ■'Sophronisba Harrison, married Barrett 


man. ^Carter H. LTarrison has repeatedly been elected 
Mayor of Chicago. His second wife was Margaret 
Stearnes, of Chicago. ^Carter H. Harrison was assassi- 
nated in his home in Chicago, in 1894. His son, ^Carter 
H., Jr., succeeded him in the office, and has also been 
repeatedly elected Mayor of Chicago. 

^Tabitha Russell, married Robert Wiley; no issue. 

^William Russell, married Eugenia McTire; no issue. 

"Catherine Russell, married William Whitehead; no 

°Mary Russell, married her first cousin, Edward Wil- 
son ; theif" line is given on thei Wilson branch. 

^Robert H. Russell, born April 5, 1807 ; married 
Elizabeth B. Todd, daughter of Hon. Charles I. Todd, 
of Shelby County, Kentucky. He was Minister to 
Russia in 1841. ^Robert Russell's five children were: 
'Letitia S., married Judge R. T. Posey, of Socarro, New 
Mexico. They have one daughter, ^Eliza D. ^William 
B. Russell, married Yomasita Rodriguez. Their chil- 
dren are: ^Lucia, ^Anita, ^William and "^Francisca Rus- 
sell. ^Olga Russell, married John Hall, of Shelby 
County, Kentucky, and has one son : ^Russell Hall, of 
Shelby County, Kentucky. ^Charles T. Russell, mar- 
ried Adelia Burnham, and lived at Socarro, New Mex- 
ico. Issue: ^Maud and "^Robert S. Russell. ^Robert E. 
Russell is unmarried, and lives at Presidio, Texas. 

■^Felix Grundy Russell, born in 1809, married Mary 
Dudley, and lived in California. Issue, five children : 
«Mary^ married John Clayton, of Covington, Ky. Issue : 
^Florence and ''Edward Clayton. ^Elizabeth, married 
J. W. Wallis, of Fayette County, Kentucky. Issue: 
'William R. ^Caroline, married F. Reece. Issue: 
'Mary and 'Arthur Reece. *James Russell, married 
Clara Haws, and lived at Yelvington, Ky. Issue : 'Mary 
and ^Samuel Russell, of California. 

"^Anne Russell, married Abram Dudley. They lived 
in Adrian County, Mo. Issue, five children: ®James, 
married Sally Hayes. Issue: 'Thomas and 'James 
Dudley. ^Mary, married William Thompson, of Adrian 
County, Missouri. Issue: 'Ethell^ert, 'Sally, 'Winnie 
and 'Willard Thompson. ^William, married Lucy Har- 
rison. Issue: 'Ella, 'Guilford, 'Samuel and 'Ethel 
Dudley. ^Carter H. and "Eugene Dudley. 


''Sarah Russell, maiTied Eev. James W. Dudley, and 
lived in Adrian County, Missouri. I^^sue, six children : 
"William R., married Margaret vSleele, and lived at 
Moline, Mo. Issue: 'Gavin, ^Ambrose, 'William, ^Car- 
oline and '^Margaret Dudley. °Eliza, married James M. 
Patton, of Adrian County, Missouri. Issue: '^William, 
■^Florence, 'James, "Anne, "Martha, 'Charles and 'Kate 
Patton. *^Robert Dudley, married Mrs. Priscilla Haw- 
kins. Issue: 'Virginia, ^Kate, "George and 'Henrietta 
Dudley. Dr. «Clifton F. Dudley, born August 28, 1845, 
married Eleanor H. Long. They live at Shelbyville, 
Ky. Issue: ^Mary and ^Sarah Dudley. "Catherine 
Dudley, married William R. Price, of Missouri City, Mo. 
Issue : ^Virginia and ^ James Price. "James E. Dudley, 
of Adrian County, Missouri, married Caroline Botts. 

*Mary Henley Russell, the eldest daughter of Gen. 
William Russell, born in Culpeper County, Virginia, 
in 1760; married Cai)t. William Bowen. Their descend- 
ants are given in the Bowen sketch in this volume. 

^Robert Spottswood Russell, third son of Gen. 
William and Tabitha Adams Russell, was born in Cul- 
pei^er County, Virginia, March 28, 1762. He was in 
the War of 1776, and was married, in 1787, to Deborah 
M. Allen. They left nine children who had issue, 
namely : 

'Tabitha A. Russell, married Richard P. Long. They 
had five children : "Deborah Long, married Thomas J. 
Wilson. Issue: ^Aune, ''Martha (married Mr. Marshall, 
of Kansas City, Mo.), 'Richard and ^Mary Wilson (mar- 
ried Mr. Raymond, of Liberty, Mo. ) . "El izaebth H. Long, 
married James C. Moore. Is.sue: ^Charles Moore, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Rinsey. Issue: ^Edward Moore. "Rob- 
ert Long, of Independence, Mo., married Fanny Monroe. 
Issue: ^Frances, married Mr. Davis; ^Robert, ^Caretta, 
^Maud and ^Ota Long. "Anne R. Long, married Isaac 
Campbell, of Independence, Mo. Issue: '^Robert W., 
of Warsaw, Mo. ; 'Isaac and '^Claude Campbell. "Tabi- 
tha Long, married William Lucas. Issue: 'William 
Lucas, of Denver, Col. 

'^Elizabeth V. Russell, born in May, 1792; died in 
August, 1857; married Judge Joseph Freeland, of 
Maryland. They moved to Kentucky, and later to Cal- 


loway County, Missouri, where he died in 1854. Their 
children were: "^Deborah A., married Gen, John A. 
Curd, of Palmyra, Mo. Issue: 'Diana, married Will- 
iam H. Smith, of Howard County, Missouri. Issue: 
^William C, ^Frazer and ^Carter Smith. 

Col. ^Thomas A. Kussell, born in 1794, was in the War 
of 1812; he married, first, Anne M. Allen, his cousin. 
Their children were: ''Eobert Russell, born October 25, 
1818; maa^ried Louise J. Matson. Issue: 'James M. 
Eussell, born in 184G; married Caroline White, of 
Bourbon County, Ky. Issue : ^Mabel, *Kate and ^Louise 
Russell. "Sarah M. Russell, born August 15, 1820; 
married Edward Dudley, only son of Jeptha Dudley, of 
Frankfort, Ky. They moved to Quincy, 111. In 1824 
Col. ^Thoinas A. Russell married, second, Sarah L. Gar- 
rard, granddaughter of James Garrard, the second 
Governor of Kentucky. She was born in 1810. The 
children of this marriage were: *Anna Russell, married 
Dr. Hypolite des Coguets. Their only living child, 
'Louis des Cognets, lives in Lexington, Ky. ^'Margaret 
T. Russell, married Maj. Alexander G. Morgan, only 
son of Maj. Alexander Morgan, who fell at Buena Vista 
in 1846. They live at Green Cove Springs, Fla. Their 
children are: 'Anna, married Claude M. Johnson, of 
Lexington, Ky. Issue: ^Margaret and ^Rosa Johnson. 
'Alexander G. Morgan, of Lexington, Ky; 'Thomas R. 
Morgan, also of Lexington, Ky. ; 'Charles M. Morgan, 
of Green Cove Springs, Fla., and 'Laurie A. Morgan, of 
Green Cove Springs, Fla. 'Laura V. Russell, married 
William J. Hawkins; no issue. "Thomas A. Russell, 
was killed at Milton, Tenn., in 1863, in Morgan's com- 
mand. C. S. A. 

''Rebecca W. Russell, born in 1798; died in 1850; 
married Thomas M. Allen, of Columbia, Mo. Issue: 
'William and 'Anne R. Allen, married Henry Slack, of 
Columbia, Mo. 

'Deborah Russell, married W^illiam T. Breckenridge. 
Issue: 'Ijetitia, married Thomas Saunders, her cousin. 
Issue: 'William, married a Miss Bondurant, and 
'Rosa, married a Mr. Hood. 'Eglentine, married 
Enoch Hootan. Issue: 'Robert, married Ella Baskin; 
'John B., 'William and 'Anne Hootan. 


"William H. Russell, married Zanette Freeland, of 
Baltimore. lie went to California, and was prominent 
as a lawyer and politician in that State, lie died in 
Washington, D. C, in 1873. His children were: «Rob- 
ert E., of California; ^Egbert F., of Kansas City, Mo., 
married Sarah Lykins. Issue: ^Julia, ''YMq and 'Theo- 
dore Russell. "F. W. Russell, of California; "^Thomas 
D. Russell, of Fulton, Mo. ; ''G. W. Russell, of New :Mex- 
ico, unmarried; "Josephine D. Russell, married, firet, 
Eugene Erwin, a grandson of Henry Clay. Their chil- 
dren were: ^Lucretia C. Erwin, married Minor Simp- 
son, of Fayette County, Kentucky. Issue: ^John 
M. C, ^Joseph R. and' "^Eugenia Simpson. '^Nettie 
and ^Mary Erwin. ^Josephine D. Russell-Erwin 
married, second, John M. Clay, youngest and only 
surviving son of Henry Clay, of Ashland. They 
lived near Lexington, Ky. ®Henry C. Russell, mar- 
ried Fanny Basey. They live in Chicago, 111. Issue: 
'Eugenie, 'Henry and 'Clarence Russell. 

'^Mary B. Russell, born in 1805; died in 1882; married 
Jefferson Garth, of Scott County, Kentucky. Issue: 
•^Robert R., married Katie Turner. Their children 
were: 'Turner, married Ella M. Donald; 'Mary, mar- 
ried Emmett Clinkscales. Issue : ^Robert and "^Emmett 
Clinkscales. 'Squire Garth, married Ann Wood. Issue: 
^Matilda Garth; 'Maud, unmarried, of Kansas City, 
Mo. ^William, was in Federal Army in 1862, of Liberty, 
Mo. ; married Kate Berry. Lssue, one son : 'John B. 
Garth, of Liberty, Mo. ^Elizabeth, married Col. Thomp- 
son Worley, of Columbia, Mo. Issue: 'Mary and 'Katie 
Worley. ^Samuel Garth, of St. Joseph, Mo. ; married 
Clara Craig. Issue: 'Henry, 'James, 'Russell and 'Ida 
Garth. *Henry A. Garth, of Rockport, Mo.; married 
Phtt'be Turner. Issue: 'Elizal^eth Garth, married Mr. 
Crews, of Rockport, Mo. ^James M. Garth, of Columbia, 
Mo., married Emma Spence. Issue: 'Mary and 'Kate 
Garth. "Walter Garth, of Columbia, Mo., married Eva 
Samuels. Issue : 'Mary, 'Jefferson, 'Lucv and 'William 

Dr. ''Robert S. Russell, married Sally Ware. They 
lived in Calloway County, Mo. Their children were: 
"Sarah Russell, married Joseph Wasson. Issue: 'May, 


married Frauk M. Donald, of Covington, Ky. Their 
children are: ^Sarah, ^Elizabeth, ^Marian and ^Alexan- 
der Donald. ^'Robert T. Russell, married Mrs. Cox, and 
lives at Odessa, Mo, "Mary E. Russell, married Charles 
W. Innis, of Fayette County, Kentucky. Issue: 'Henry 
Innes, of lycxington, Ky,, married Cordelia Richardson; 
^Robert Innes, of Fayette County, Kentucky, married 
Anne Richardson, Issue: *Mary, 'Sally and ^Willie 
Innes. *^Elizabeth D. Russell, married, tirst, Mr. Eggle- 
ston ; second, Mr. Alnutt. She had two sons, namely : 
'Robert Eggleston, of Odessa, Mo., and 'ClilVord Alnutt. 

^Miriam M. Russell, born in 1810; died in 1844; mar- 
ried Dr. Matthew R. Arnold, of Nicholas County, Ken- 
tucky. They moved to Boone County, Missouri. Issue : 
*Maria Arnold, married Prof. B. A. Jones, of Linneus, 
Mo, Issue: 'Florence, 'Lily, 'Malvia, "Arnold, 'Barton 
and "Elizabeth Jones. "^Robert Arnold, of Mexico, Mo., 
married Miss Morris. Issue: •'Morris, 'Joseph, 'John, 
'Robert, 'Julia, 'Ann and 'Elizabeth Arnold. 

*Tabitha A. Russell, daughter of Gen. ^William and 
Tabitha Adams Russell, his wife, was born in Culr>eper 
County, Virginia, in 1764. She married Capt. William 
Campbell, of Washing-ton County, Virginia, about 1784. 
He was a son of Patrick Campbell, Jr., and Anne Steele, 
his wife. His grandfather was Patrick Campbell, 
father of Col. Charles Campbell, who was the father of 
Gen. William Campbell, one of the heroes of Kings 
Mountain. Soon after their marriage they moved to 
Cumberland, which was then in Davidson County, 
North Carolina. In 1788 they moved to Fayette County, 
Kentucky. In 1793, they moved to Muhlenberg County, 
Kentucky, and settled permanently at Caney Station, 
which was a part of the Russell survey. Captain Will- 
iam Campbell was Captain in the 17'th Virginia Regi- 
ment in 1779. See Virginia Magazine, October, 1898. 
Their children were: 

^Tabitha Campbell, married Judge Alney McLean. 
He was Captain in the War of 1812, and four years in 
'the United States Congress. Their children were: 
^Thornton, married and had two children: 'Noland 
and 'Margaret McLean. Judge ^Robert, married Mary 
"VMiitaker, and lived at Grenada, Miss. Their children 


are: 'Louisa, married Hugh L. Bedford, of Bailey, 
Shelby Couuty, Tennessee. Their sons are : ^Benjamin 
and «Hugh J. Bedford. Uudge William JIcLean, of 
Grenada, Miss., married Susie Collins. Their son, «Kob- 
ert D. Mclean, was born in 1883. "Eliza A., married 
^Villiam McBride, of Canton. Miss. ^Roberta McTvean, 
of Grenada, Miss., and *^TransYlvania IMcI^an, married 
William McBride, of Canton, 5liss. 

=Mary Campbell, married Ephraim Brank, of Muhlen- 
berg County, Kentucky. He was in the War of 1812, 
and died in 1874. Their children were : ^Louise, mar- 
ried James M. Taylor ; no issue. «Tabitha A., married 
Dr. William H. Yost; no issue. Rev. ^^obert C, of St. 
Louis, Mo., married Ruth Smith in 1865. Issue : ^Sarah 
W., ^Rockwell S. and ^Robert G. Brank, all of St. Louis, 
Mo. «Mary J. Brank, married Dr. William G. Yost, of 
Greenville, Ky. Their children were: ^Mary W., mar- 
ried, first, her relative, Samuel McLean, and second, 
Dr. Thomas Slaton. Lssue: ^Henry McLean and ^Brank 
Slaton. 'William H. Yost, married Lizzie Reno, and 
had three children, namely: ^Addie, ^Edmond and 
«Mary B. Y'ost. Dr. "^Ephraim Yost is unmarried. 

^Nancy Campbell, married Charles F. Wing. Their 
children were: "William, died unmarried; "Jane, mar- 
ried Edward Rumsey, a prominent man in Kentucky 
politics. They left no children. "Samuel, of Owens- 
boro, Ky., married Emily Weir. Their children were: 
^Edward R., married Louise R. Scott; no issue. "Weir, 
died in 1867. 'Emma Wing, married Prof. W. Yerkes, 
Paris, Ky. ^Samuel, of Henderson, Ky., married Miss 
Hopkins. They have one child, ^Lucy Wing. '^Charlie 
Wing married Anna Hawthorne, of Princeton, Ky. 
Issue: ^Charles and ®Emma Wing. "Caroline D., of 
Greenville, Ky. "Anna, of Greenville, Ky. "Lucy, mar- 
ried J. Short, of Greenville, Ky. Issue: 'Mary, married 
Louis Reno, a banker of Greenville, Ky. Issue: ®Lucy, 
^Julia and ^Louise Reno. ''Charles Short, married Sue 
Reno. Issue: ^Lizzie, ^Anne, ^Reno, ^Afay and ^Kate 
Short. ■'Lucy Short married Samuel Saunders. ''Min- 
nie Short married J. J. Kahn, of Louisville, Ky. Issue : 
*Eva Kahn. 'Anna Short is unmarried. "LuceliaWing 
married, in 1859, James K. Patterson, President of the 


Slate College at LexingtoD, Ky. They have one son, 
'William A. Talterson, born in 18G8. 

'^Eliza Campbell, married Elder Barton W. Stone. 
She was his first wife, and died in 1809. Their children 
were: ^Vmanda W. Stone, born in 1802; married her 
cousin, Samuel A. Bowen, September, 1821. She died 
at ITaunibal, 'yio., in 1881. For her descendants, see 
the I>owen and Campbell genealogy. ^Tabitha K. Stone, 
born in 1S03; married, first, James Shackelford, of 
Mason County, Kentucky. Their children were: 'Eliz- 
abeth C. Shackelford, born in 1829; married Joshua P. 
Eichards, of Hannibal, Mo.; died in 1853. 'Barton 
W. S. Shackelford, born in 1830; married Jane N. 
Smith, of Eockville, Ind. They moved to St. Joseph, 
Mo., in 1881. Issue: ^Frank H. E. Shackelford, mar- 
ried Effie A, Noel. Issue: ^Barton W. S. Shackelford. 
^Tabitha Stone Shackelford, married, second, Perseus E. 
Harris, of Eockville, Ind. Their children were: 'Sarah 
C. Harris, born in 1839; married Alfred H. Stark, of 
Eockville, Ind. They have one son, ^Frederick Stark. 
'Mary A. Harris, died unmarried. "^Mary A. H. Stone, 
born in 1805; died in 1872; married Captain Chilton 
Moore, of Fayette County, Kentucky. Their children 
were: 'Elizabeth C. Moore, n)arried Eobert Clark; no 
is.sue. 'Hannah A. E. Moore, married Dr. John D. Gris- 
sim, a native of Tennessee; they lived at Georgetown, 
Ky. Their children were: ^Mary Grissim, married 
Charles Keuney. *Eliza C. Grissim, married Samuel H. 
Lieb, of San Jose> Cal., a prominent attorney. Their 
children are : ®Lida C, "Elna, »Frank, ^\llen and ^Eoy C. 
Lieb. ®Anna Grissim, of Lexington, Ky., not married. 
^Jeannette D. Grissim, married William B.Gauo, of 
Dallas, Texas. They have a daughter, ^AlTena Gano. 
^Eva and *John Grissim, not married. 'Charles C. 
Moore, married Lucy Peak. Lssue: ^Charles C, *Lea- 
land P., ^Thomas B. and ^Lucille Moore. 'Mary A. 
Moore, married Maj. Thomas Y. Brent, of Paris, Ky. 
He was killed in the Confederate service ' ' ^he Battle 
of Green Eiver Bridge, July 4, 1863. The., children 
are : ®Mary Brent, married Charles W. Dabney, of Vir- 
ginia, now of Cincinnati, O. They have two daughters, 
"Margaret and ' Dabney. ^Margaret Brent 


married . ''Jane C. Moore, married Lieut.-Gov. 

James E. Cantrell, of Scott County, Kentucky. She 
left one son, Mames Campbell Cantrell. "Eliza Stone, 
born in 1807; died in 1831; married, first, Robert 
Nuckols; second, Alexander Shackelford; no issue. 

"Jane Campbell, died unmarried. 

"Samuel Campbell, married Cynthia Campbell; no 

*John C. RuKsell, son of Gen. ^William Kussell and 
Tabitha Adams, his wife, was born in CuliKjper County, 
Virginia, in 17G8. He died in 1822. In 1703 he mar- 
ried Anne Clay. Issue : 

"Jane E. Russell, married Rev. Claiborne Duval. 
Issue : «Anue Duval, married John Gale. Dr. ^William 
Duval, of Pineville, Mo., married four times, his wives' 
names being: Paralee Holland, Sarah Pearson, Jane 
Boyer and Thursey Woods. Several of their children 
died in early youth. Those who left descendants were: 
■'Eldora Duval, married J. M. Warmack. Issue: ^Will- 
iam, ^Matthew, «Jesse and ^Elizabeth Warmack. ''Clai- 
borne Duval, married Mary Hamilton; issue: ^Clarice 
Duval. ^Sarah F. Duval, married Dr. S. D. Preston, of 
Pinewood, Mo. ''Anne E., ^Mary, ''Clarence and 'Cyn- 
thia Duval. ^Caroline Duval, married John Ewell, of 
Paducah, Ky. Issue : Mohn G., "Emma B., ''Anne M., 
^Cynthia E., ^Lem H., 'Carrie B., ^Claud D., 'Edwin E. 
and 'Louise Ewell. ^Hardy M. C. Duval, of Morgan- 
field, Ky., married Eliza Mobley. Issue: 'Claude H., 

of Shawneetown, 111., married . Issue: ^Clara 

G. Duval. 'Lavinia, married Louis Meyer, of Morgan- 
field, Ky. Issue: *Duval and ^Margaret Meyer. 
'Fanny B., married David Brenneke, of Indianapolis, 
Ind. 'Maydie, 'Nannie, 'William, 'Claiborne and 'Kate 

"Tabitha A. Russell, born in 1796; died in 1862; 
married Lucius D. Duval, of Union County, Kentucky. 

Issue: 'John D., of St. Louis, Mo., married . 

Issue: 'Robert Duval, of Monticello, Ark. 'Martha, 
married Mr. Ashe, of Texas. 'Elizabeth, married Mr. 
Symmes, of Texas. ^Mary A. Duval, born in 1821, mar- 
ried Mr. Rowley, of Union County, Kentucky. Issue: 
'Robert, married Lucy Hodge. Issue: ^Kenneth and 


* ■ Eowley. ^James, married Julia Hodge. 

Issue: *Cora aud * Rowley. 'William Kowley, 

of New York City ; 'Lee Rowley. "^Martha L. Duval ; 
"William H. C. Duval, boru in 1S29, lives at Morey Flat, 
Opevedo County, Cal. "Tabitlia A. Duval, born in 1821, 
married John R. D. Byrne, of Hopkins County, Ken- 
tucky. Issue: ^John, married Hannah Sisk. Issue: 
*Kate, ^Lucius and ^^Robert Byrne. 'Sarah, married 
John Bruce, of Hopkins County, Kentucky. Issue : 
^Charles and ^Walter Bruce. "Charles Byrne. "Samuel 
Duval, born in 1834 ; married M. A. Short, and lives at 
Alexander, Erath County, Texas. Issue : '^Pearl, ''Cor- 
delia and 'Henry Duval. ^Charles T. Duval, born in 
1836, married Melinda J. Bruton, and lives at Grass 
Valley, Cal. Issue: 'Anne and 'Lucius Duval. ^Daniel 
Duval, born in 1841 ; died in C. S. A., in 1861. 

^Lavinia G. Russell, born in 1803 ; died in 1874 ; mar- 
ried Dr. William Dozier, of Mississippi. Issue: Dr. 
*Alney M. Dozier, of Heidelberg, Miss., married Mary 
Pool. Issue: "Lavinia, ^Malviua, ^Mary, ^Charlotte, 
"William, "Celeste and ^Elijah P. Dozier. 

Dr. ^Wiliam C. Russell, born in 1806, lived near Elk- 
ton, K}'., and married Mary S. Farley, of Virginia. 
Issue : ^Hattie E., married 0. A. McLeod. Issue : "Will- 
iam and "Russell J. McLeod. ^John W., 'James D., 
^Corinne E. and 'Claude C. Russell. 

'Cynthia A. Russell, born in 1811; died in 1867. 

*Samuel Russell, son of Gen. ^William Russell and 
Tabitha Adams, his wife, was born in 1770; died in 
1835; married, in 1794, Lucy, daughter of Col. William 
and Jane Johnson Roberts, of Culpeper County, Vir- 
ginia. Soon afterward they removed to Miihlenburg 
County, Kentucky. She died in 1851. Their children 

"Jane Russell, married her relative, Henley Moore, of 
Russellville, Ky. He died in 1821. Their children 
were: 'Lucy R. Moore, married Charles Lofland, of 
Russellville, Ky. They removed to Memphis, Tenn. 
Issue: ^Mary J., married Henry W. Courts, of Clarks- 
ville, Tenn. Issue : ^Lucy, ®Argie and ^Fanny W. 
Courts, of Russellville, Ky. '^Charles Lofland, of Mem- 
phis, Tenn., bom in 1842. 'Russell Moore, married 


Louisa Eobcrts. They removed to Texas. Issue: 
'Lucy, married Afr. :\rarkliam, of Augusta, Ark.; no 
issue. 'Jane, married John AVilson, of Ohio. Issue: 
^Laura Wilson, of Lancaster County, Ohio. 'Rebecca, 
inarricd E. Davidson; no issue. 'Samuel Moore, of 
Mempliis, Tenn. "Mary C. Moore, married James Mc- 
Callen, of Ttussellville, Ky. Issue: 'James E., of Louis- 
ville, Ky. "Jolm, of Unssellville, Ky., married Florence 
Emerson. Issue: ^Robert, ^Lizzie C. and nValter E. 
McCallen. 'Mary, married Charles M. Griffith, of Rus- 
sellville, Ky. Issue: ^Caddy B. Griffith. 'Lucy, mar- 
ried John C. Smith, of Hillsboro, Texas. They have 
one son, «Henry F. Smith. 'Frances A. McCallen, died 
in. Marshall, Texas, in 1873. 

Mrs. ^Henley Moore married, second, Francis Brown- 
ing. She died in 38G8, a very aged woman. 

^Henley C.Russell, married Hannah Patterson. Issue : 
one son, ^James S. Russell, of Waverly, Tenn., who 
married Evelyn Hobson, of Nashville, Tenn. Issue: 
'John (married Amanda Prim), 'Hugh and 'Alice 

■^Tabitha A. Russell, married, first, William Crum- 
baugh; second. Judge Pleasant Hynes, of Bowling 
Green, Ky. No issue. 

"Catherine Russell, married Richard Jones, of Muh- 
lenburg County, Kentucky. No issue. 

°:^L^ry Russell, married Louis R. Richards, of Fi-ank- 
fort, Ky. Both died in Memphis, Tenn. Issue : *Lucy 
R. Richards, married P. G. Kennett; no issue. ^Martha 
C. Richards, married John F. Cromwell, of Morganfield, 
Ky. ; issue: 'Louis, 'Fix'derick, 'Joseph M. and 'Robert 
Cromwell. ^Samuel R. Richards, married Mary Wil- 
lett, of Memphis, Tenn.; issue: 'Samuel Richards, of 
Memphis, Tenn., 'Joseph, 'Kate and 'Louis Richards. 
«Eliza C. Richards, married W. H. Bridges, of Memphis, 
Tenn.; issue: 'Mary R. Bridges (married H. X. Morton, 
of Caseyville, Ky.) and 'Henry Bridges, of Houston, 
Texas. «Bettie M. Richards, married J. W. Pitman, of 
Memphis, Tenn.; issue: 'Page and 'Gertrude Pitman, 
of Morganfield, Kj.; and ^Douglas Richards, of Mem- 
phis, Tenn. 

''RolK-rt S. Russell, of Muhlenburg County, Kentucky, 


removed to Paris, Tenn., where lie and liis wife died. 
He married his relative, "Celia Mclx^an, daughter of Dr. 
Kobert McT-^an. Their diildi-en wei-e: ^Lucy K. Ens- 
sell, of McKenzie, Tenn.; <=Eebecca M. Russell, of Mc- 
Kenzie, Tenn.; "Edward Eu.ssell, of McKenzie, Tenn., 
who married Mabel Carter; issue: ^Willie Eussell. 

■"Celia Eussell, daughter of Gen. William Russell and 
Tabitha Adams, his wife, was born in 1772. She mar- 
ried, in 1790, Robert Wilson, late of Maryland. Their 
children were: 

^Rebecca A. Wilson, born in 1791 ; married Dr. Rob- 
ert ilcl^an, of Greenville, Ky. Their children were: 
^Robert McLean, married, first, Nancy Jones; married, 
second,; his cousin, Celia Rowland; issue: ''Rebecca 
McLean, married H. P. Dank, now of Rockport, Ky. ; 
issue: ^Robert W., ^James E., ^Nancy J., ^Elizabeth 
and *Ella Dank. '^George McLean, maj'ried Nancy 
Dank; issue: ®Sally, ^Rose E., ^Robert H. and ^Marga- 
retta McT^an. ''William McLean, of Nelson, Ky., 
married Margaret Kincheloe. "Nancy McLean, unmar- 
ried. 'Rowland !McT^an and 'Celia McLean. "Alney 
McLean, married Cornelia Herring, and lived at Grand 
Gulf, iliss. Issue: ''Cornelius Mclean, killed at Peters- 
burg, Va., in Confederate Army; ^William McTvean, of 
New Orleans, married Amanda L. Magruder, in 187G. 
"Celia McLean, married her cousin, '^Robert I. Russell. 
Her children are found among the descendants of 
*Samucl Russell. "Eliza Mclean, married John B. 
Harvey; issue: ^George W. Ilarvey, of Rocky Springs, 
Miss., married Mrs. Mary E. Powers {nee Ilaring) ; 
issue: ^John H., ^Robert A. and ^Russell M. Harvey. 
Uohn B. Hain^ey, of New Carthage, La., married Mi-s. 
Rebecca Adams {nee McClelland) ; issue: ^George M., 
*Emma L. and *James B. Harvey. ^Robert A. Harvey, 
married Mrs. E. B. Calthorp {nee Parker); issue: 
«Kate, ^Sally, ^Cornelia and *Ella Harvey. "Edward 
Mclean, married Dora Payne, of Mississippi; issue: 
'Kate McT^ean, married I. M. Cameron, of Vicksburg, 
Miss.; they have one child, ^Edward R. Cameron. 
'Dora McLean, married James Y. McClelland, of Tal- 
lulah, La. 'Sallv McLean, unmarried, of Tallulah, La. 


^William F. MoTvean, married Marj Ross, of ftlississippi. 
Issue : 'Mary W. McLean, of Evansville, lud, ; ^Sally R. 
McLean, married M. M. McLean, of Evansville, Ind. ; 
issue: ^Cornelius, ^Mary, ^Alice and ^Plorence Mclxjan. 
'Chester McLean, of Evansville, Ind. ''Edward J. 
McLean, of Peoria, 111. ^Sally G. Mcl^ean, of Tallulah, 
La., is unmarried. "'Robina Mclxian, married her cousin, 
•'Isatlianiel Rowland; their children are given in the 
Rowland family. "Dr. Russell Mclean, of Rocky 
Springs, Miss., is unmarried. ^George McLean, of Rocky 
Springs, Miss., married Amelia Russell (no relation). 

^Sarah F. Wilson, born in 1795; died in 1853; mar- 
ried her cousin, Robert Wilson. Issue: ^Robert Wilson, 
married Frances Freeland; they had a son,'Russell 
Wilson, who married Ida Moore; issue: ^Lillian and 
^Raymond Wilson. 

Mrs. "Sarah F. Wilson married, a second time. Rev. 
Basil Hunt. Their daughter, ^Celia Hunt, married 
Mr. Crane. Issue : 'Sarah and 'James Crane, of Flem- 
mingsburg, Ky. 

"^Edward J. Wilson, born in 1798, married his cousin, 
Mary H. Russell. Their children were: "Mary J. 
Wilson, married Charles 11. Harold, of Louisville, Ky. 
Their daughter, 'Mary Harold, married Albert Baker, 
of Louisville, Ky. They have one son, ^Herman H. 
Baker. "Caroline B. Wilson, married Calvin Campbell, 
of Louisville, Ky. Issue: 'William, 'Edward and 
'Catherine Campbell. "Eliza C. Wilson, married Dr. 
Payne, of Dayton, Ky. Issue 'Charles E. Payne. 

»Celia R. Wilson, bom in 1807; died in 1867; married 
Jeremiah Rowiand, of Jessamine County, Kentucky. 
Their children were : "Nathaniel H. Rowland, married 
his cousin, "Robina McLean ; issue: 'Robert, 'Rebecca, 
'Nathaniel, 'Sally, 'Robina, 'Elizabeth and 'Margaret 
Rowland. "Celia E. Rowland, married her cousin, Dr. 
Robert Mcl>3an. is.sue: 'Rowland and 'Celia McT^ean. 
"Mary R. Rowland, married Stephen Walker, of Frank- 
lin County, Kentucky. Issue: 'Russell, 'Matilda, 
'Celia and 'Rowland Walker. "Tabitha A. Rowland, 
married William Ca.ssell, of Canton, Miss. Issue: 
'Mary, 'Cornelia, 'Russell, 'Eudora, 'William, 'Frank, 
'Catherine, 'Anne, 'Albert, 'Lula, 'John and 'James 


Cassell. ^William H. Rowland, of Canton, Miss., mar- 
ried Sue M. Cassell. They had one son, 'William C. 
Rowland. ^Sallj L. Rowland, married Moses A. Mc- 
Lure, of Winchester, Ky. Ls.sue: ^Russell, "James, 
'Bertie, ^Loui.*^ and 'Turner McLure. ^Katie R. Row- 
land, married Rev. J. D. Turner. 

=Tabitha C. Wilson, born in 1810; died in 1840; 
married Richard Kecne, of Georgetown, Ky. Their 
son, ^Jioben W. Keene, married Mary W. J^owland. 
Issue: 'Florrie Keene, who married J. S. Arnold, of 
Jessamine County, Kentucky, and "Lizzie Keene. 

'^Chloe C. Wilson, born in 1813 ; died in 1845 ; married 
Alexander Shackleford; left no children. 

*Henley Rus.sell, youngest son of Gen. William Rus- 
sell and Tabitha Adams, his wife, was born in 1774. 
In 1795 he emigrated to Kentucky and settled upon 
land inherited from his father, in Logan County, which 
included the present site of Russellville, where he lived 
for many years. He served in the War of 1812, and 
was at the Battle of Raisin River, He never married. 
The later years of his life were spent with his youngest 
sister, Mrs. Chloe Sanders, in Sumner County, Tennes- 
see, where he died in 1839, aged sixty-five years. 

*Chloe Russell, the younge^st child of Gen. ^William 
Russell and Tabitha Adams, his wife, was born at their 
home on Clinch River, in 1776. She was only six months 
old at the time of her mothers death. She was married 
in 1792, to Rev. Hubbard Saunders, one of the pioncxir 
Methodist preachers in Tennessee. About 1798 they 
removed from Virginia to Sumner County, Tennessee, 
where they lived and reared a large family. Mr. Saun- 
ders died in 1828 ; she in 1850, aged seventy-four. Their 
children were: 

'^Nancy A. Saunders, bom in 1793 ; married a rela- 
tion, Robert Harper, in 1816. Issue : *Lucy A. Harper, 
married James Vinson, of Louisiana. Issue: ^R. W. 
Vinson, of Jefferson, Texas; married Sophia S. Gibbs. 
Issue ^Mary G., ®Lucy S. and ^John M, Vinson. ''Rich- 
ard T. Vinson, of Shreveport, La., married Sally Hill ; 
issue: ®Ada and *Allen Vinson. ^Alice Vinson, mar- 
ried John T. Green, of Nashville. Tenn. ; issue: ^Minnie 
L. and *Marvin Green, ^Lilv Vinson, married John M. 


Harjx^r, of JcfTerson, Texas; ifjsue: ^Charles, ^Robert 
and ®Lucy V. Uarper. "Chloe K. ]Iai'i)er, married John 
Duncan, of Kussellville, Ky. They moved to Trinity 
Mills, Texas. Issue: ^Robert IT. Duncan, of Trinity 
Mills, Texas; "Eugene Duncan, married Maggie Dixon; 
issue: ^Mary and ^Eugene Duncan. ''Ella Duncan, 
married A. D. Dickinson; issue: ^Robert C. and ^A. D. 
Dickinson. 'Daniel D. Duncan and '^Hubbard S. 
Duncan. "^Maria IIari)er, married Capt. W. T. Sami)le, 
of Trinity Mills, Texas. *Anne Harper, married James 
Duncan, of Russellville, Ky. "Clara Uarper, married 
Prof. C. W. Callender, of Hendersonville, Tenn. Issue: 
''William and ^Ewing Callender. "Col. Robert Harper, 
married, first, Sophia Valentine. Issue: one child, 
''Sophia Harper, married Robert E. Cowart, a lawyer, 
of Dallas, Texas. Issue: ^Robert E. Cowart, born in 
1881. "Adeline nari)er, married Col. James Turner, a 
prominent and distinguished law3'er of Gallatin, Tenn. 
Issue: ^Robert, ^\deline and '^Claribel Turner. 

^Elizabeth H. Saunders, born in 1795 ; married Capt. 
John A. Walker, of Davidson County, Tennessee, about 
1817. Issue: "Mary A. Walker, married Benjamin 
Hamblen, of Davidson County, Tenn. "Chloe Walker, 
married William Pierce, of Davidson County, Tenn. 
Issue: 'Mary E. Bierce, married William Allen, 
of Kashville, Tenn., and 'William Pierce, of Texas. 
"Catherine Walker, married W^illiam Chambers, of 
Union City, Tenn. Issue: ^Charles Chambers, of Nash- 
ville, Tenn. ; "Mary, ^William and ^Sally Chambers, who 
married John R. George, of Union City, Tenn. 

''Maria ]?. Sanders, born in 1797 ; married Dr. James 
L. Gray, of Tippa County, Mississippi. 

°Sally E. Sanders, born in 1799 ; married Peter Byser, 
of Sumner County, Tennes.see. Issue: "Chloe R. Byser, 
married, first, Benjamin W. Mills, of Sumner County, in 
18.39. Their children are : "'Sally Mills, married D. H. I. 
Wells; no children. ''Dero Mills, married Anne E. 
Shute, in 1867; issue: ^Maggie, ^William, ®Anne, *Lee, 
"Bessie and "Mary D. Mills. ^John P. Mills, of Sherman, 
Texas, married Ellie W. Wilson, in 1872 ; issue : "Haydie, 
"Rowen, "Ethel, "Lawrence and "Mary Mills. ^Minnie 
Mills married R. S. Murrey, of Sumner County; issue: 


^Samuel and Moliii D. Murrey. 'Bet tie Mills, jiiavried 
Moscow Wright, of Hartsville, Tenn. Issue: ^JJussell 
and ^Romulus Wright. '''Mrs. Chloe Bysei", married, 
second, Hugh Joiner. Their son, 'Thomas II. Joiner, 
married Sue Anthony in 18S1. 

^Minerva Saunders, died in 1844, unmarried. 

''Clara Saunders, born in 1803 ; niarried Samuel Read, 
of Davidson County, Tennessee. Issue: '"'Mildred A. 
Read, married Madison Marl in, of Sunnier County, 
Tennessee. Issue: 'Samuel A. Martin, of Atchi.son, 
Kansas, married, first, Eunice V. Crenshaw. They had 
one daughter, ^Mary L. Mai'tin. He married, second, 
Bettie Crenshaw, of Gallatin, Tenn. ^Emma Martin, 
married Lorenzo Stowe, of Rome, Tenn. ''Clara L. Mar- 
tin, of Gallatin, and 'Mattie Martin, married Russell H. 
Ward, of Arkansas. ^Ohloe R. Read, married John 
Drake, of Nashville, Tenn. Issue: 'William Drake, 
married Laurie Brodie; issue: ^Medora and ^John 
Drake. 'Clara L. Drake, married William Wilkerson, 
of Nashville, Tenn. 'Sarah A. Drake, married Belfield 
Bratton, of Davidson County, Tennessee. Issue: 
^Clarence and ^Hattie Bratton. 'Mary, 'Maud, 'Joseph 
and 'John Drake. ''Sarah E. Read, married Rev. James 
Warfield. They moved to I>exington, Ark. Issue : 
'Samuel, 'Elizabeth, 'Robert O., 'Clara G., 'George H. 
and 'Charles M. Warfield. ^Hubbard S. Read, of Da- 
vidson County, is unmarried. 

^Chloe R. Saunders, bora in 1807; married Alexander 
Ewing, of Davidson County, Tennessee, in 1825. Issue: 
*Sarah A. Ewing, married, first, Boyd M. Sinims; sec- 
ond, Joseph Carter, and third, Judge John M. Gaut, of 
Nashville, Tenn. ITer children were: ''Anne Simms, 
married J. W. McFadden ; issue: ®Sadie McFadden. 
'Mariana Simms, married R. N. Richardson, of Frank- 
lin, Tenn. 'William E. Carter, of South Pittsburgh, 

Tenn., married . 'Jovseph W. Carter, married 

Kate R. French ; issue : ^Joseph Carter. ^Hubbard S. 
Ewing, of Franklin, Tenn., married Sallie Hughes; 
issue: 'Sallie S. Ewing, married Winder ^McGavock, in 
1883; issue: *Hattie McGavock. 'Alexander Ewing, of 
Birmingham, Ala. 'Malvina Ewing, married Mr. Tit- 
combe; issue: 'Alexander Titcombe, of Columbia, 


Tenn., maiHt'd Miss S))iiser; they have one son, «Alex- 
ander Titconib, Jr. nVilliam R.'Kwing, married Miss 
Brown; issue: 'Whcloss 13. Ewing, of Franklin, Tenn. 

''William K. Saunders, born in 1810; married Anne 
Mills; they moved to Starkville, Miss., in 1844; he died 
in 1804; is.sne: "Hubbard T. Saunders, of Starkville, 
Miss., married Ella Rogers; is.sne: ^Hubbard T., ^Eliz- 
abeth >r. and ^Robert P. Saunders. "Caroline A. Saun- 
ders, married C. B. Turnipseed, of Vaiden, Miss. ; issue: 
^\nnie, ^Maggie, ^Nettie, '^Hubbard and 'Grosie Tur- 
nipseed. "William R. Saunders, of Winona, Miss., mar- 
ried Fannie E. Allen. "Thomas E. Saunders, of Coving- 
ton, Texas, mai-ried Alice L. Mumbre; issue: ''Dero, 
'Anne and 'Willie Saunders. "Chloe B. Saunders, 
married Dr. T. L. Wilbounie, of Winona, Miss.; issue: 
■'William R. I. W^ilbourne. "Dero A. Saunders, of 
Starkville, Miss., married Grosie Ames. "John S. 
Saunders, of Starkville, Miss. 

^Tabitha T. Saunders, born in 1812; married W. H. 
Moore, of Nashville, Tenn.; issue: "Frances Moore, 
maiTied William Lellyett; issue: ''John T^llyett, a 
lawyer, of Njishville, who married Lady Weakley. 
Issue: ^Mary Frances, ^Catherine and Moseph. 
"Elizabeth B. Moore, married Mr. Stuart, of Williamson 
County, Tennes.see. "Catherine ^loore. married Edward 
Jones, of Nashville, Tenn. "Turner :>roore, of Davidson 
County, Tenn., married Miss Whitsitt, of Nashville, 
"William H. Moore, married Ethel Porter, of Tulla- 
homa, Tenn.; issue: 'Margaret, 'Kate and 'Frank 
Moore. "Anna F. Moore, married John Whitsett, of 
Davidson County, Tenn. "James T., married; issue: 
'Maud, married* Lockert Doak. "John, "Alice and 
"Benjamin Moore (married Mary Wilson). 

''Catherine M. Saunders, born in 1814; married 
Peyton R. Bosley, of Davidson County, Tennessee. They 
removed to Red River Parish, Louisiana. She died in 
1836. Issue: "John R. Bosley, of Bossier Point, La., 
born in 1832; married Mary I. Jones; she died in 1861; 
issue: 'John R. Bosley, of Grand View, Texas, bom in 
1852; married Ida C. Smith, of Dallas, Texas; issue: 
Mohn 11. Bosley, bora in 1881. 'Catherine S. Bosley, 
born in 1853 ; married Oren S. Penny, of Coushatta, La. ; 


issue: ^Oren S., ^Monty L., ^Ilarvar R., ^Arthur S. and 
®Spisar M. Penny. *Jobn R. Bosley, married, secondly, 
Josephine L. Huston; issue: "Joseph H. Bosley, of 
Bossier Point, La.; ^Wilhelmina, "Ora E., 'Susie S., 
'Eva L. and "Henry R. Bosley. ^Hubbard S. Bosley, of 
Coushatta, La., married Mary Powell, in March, 185G; 
issue: 'Thomas R., "Marion P., ^Anna, ''Milton H., 
'Hubbard S., 'Perceville L. and 'Walter W. Bosley. 

'^Thomas Sanders, born in ISIG ; married E. Leticia 
Breckinridge; lived near Nashville, Tenn.; issue: 
"William Sanders, married Miss Bondurant. *Rose 
Sanders, married Mr. Hood, of Nash\ille, Tenn. 

■^Adeline C. Saunders (twin sister of Thomas), born 
in 1816; married Dr. Alexander Graham, of Sumner 
County, Tennessee.; issue: ^Chloe F, Graham, born in 
1857; married George W. Sumner, of Davidson County, 
Tennessee; issue: ''Lou C. Sumner, married S. J. 
Bloodworth, of Edgefield Junction, Tenn.; 'Hattie, 
'George, 'Charles, "Hubbard, 'Adeline and 'Jay H. 
Sumner. "Susan A. Graham, born in 1845; married 
Prof. Charles S. Douglas, of Gallatin, Tenn.; issue: 
'Ada and 'Clare Douglas. 

•^Hubbard H. Saunders, bom in 1819; married Eliz- 
abeth Bondurant; he died in 1879, at the old Saunders 
homestead, in Sumner County, Tennessee; their children 
are: ^William Saunders, of Saundersville, Tenn.; 
"Jacob T. Saunders, of Saundersville, Tenn., married 
a Miss Weaver ; issue : 'Hubbard T. and 'Jefferson W. 
Saundere. "Edward, "Joseph and "Elizabeth Sauudei-s, 
all of Sumner County, Tennessee. 

The children of Gen. 'William Russell and Elizalx^th 
Henry Campbell, his second wife, were: 

^Elizabeth H. Russell, bom in 1785; married Capt 
Francis Smith, of Washington County, Virginia, Jan- 
uary 10, 1804. She died October 10, 1804, aged nineteen 

*Henry W. and ^Patrick H. Russell died in infancy. 

*Jane Russell, bom in 1788; married Col. William P. 
Thompson, of Washington County, Virginia. Several 
sons died in early youth. Their other children wei'e : 

"John H. Thompson, a Methodist minister; died in 


'^Elizabeth H. Thompson, married TV illiam Williams, 
of Asheville, N. C; she died in St. Louis, Mo., leaving 
no children. 

^Mary A. Thompson, married Dr. David R. McAnally, 
the distinguished editor of the Methodist Advocate, 
published in St. Louis, Mo. She died in 1861. Issue : 
'Charles McAnnally, a minister, married 
Miss Bowie, of Yicksburg, Miss.; i.ssue: ^Charle.s, 
^Margaret and ^Julia McAnally. "David R. McAnally, 
is professor in the State University, of Columbia, Mo. 
*Mary A. P. McAnally, married Francis P. Carter, of 
Farmington, Mo.; issue: ^Amy M., ^David P. and 
'William P. Carter. 

This gives the descendants of Gen. William Russell 
and his first wife, Tabitha Adams, and his second wife, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Henry Campbell. 

Russell Coat of Arms. 

At. a lion rauip. gn. ; on a chief sa. three escallops of the 
first Crest: a goat-passant-ar, armed or. Motto: "Che sara 
saia" ("What will he, will be"). Badge: The root of a tree 
couped and eradicatc'd or. 



^Francis Adams, of Charles County, Maryland, was 
born in 1643, and came to the Colony of Maryland from 
England in 1G58. He acquired land in Charles County 
in 1GG3, also in 1671; these tracts of land were called 
'^Raily," '^Troops Rendezvous," 'Tinnas" and "Bach- 
elor's Hope." In 1671 he was man-ied to Grace . 

She was administratrix on her husband's will in 1699. 
He died in 1698. Thei^ is a document on record in 
Charles County, in which is his name, with that of many 
other citizens, addressing a petition to the Kmg of 
England, written in 1689. 

His son, ^Francis Adams, of ''Troops Rendezvous 
Farm," Charles County, Maryland, was born in 1675. 
In 1704 he was married to ^'Mary Godfrey, daughter of 
'George Godfrey, Gentleman, of Charles County, Main- 
land, and his wife, 'Mary , widow of John 


'George Godfrey, Gentleman, came to Maryland in 
1664. He was Justice of Charles County Court, and a 
Lieutenant in a troop of horse in 1680, in the Colonial 
service See Old Charles County Records. 

^Francis Adams and his wife, =Mary Godfrey, were 
living in Charles County in 1722. His will is dated 
November 30, 1760, recorded May 26, 1766. They had 
seven children, as follows: . 

8Josias Adams, married Anne Jenifer. His will is 
recorded in Charles County, Maryland, August 17, 1773. 
His childi-en were: *Daniel J., a Major in the Maryland 
Regulars in 1777; he died in 1796; ^Elizabeth and 
*Aune Adams. 

^George Adams. 

"Ignatius Adams, inherited the family seat, "Troops 
Rendezvous," was a private in the Revolution of 1776, 
and received land for his services in 1794. 

"Abedncgo Adams was born in 1720; married Mary 


Peoke, daughter of William Peoke, of Fairfax County, 
Virginia. He married three times. The name of his 
second wife is not knoA\Ti. The third wife was Hannah 
Moss. He was a planter. His will is dated June 28, 
1804. He died November 1, 1809, leaving three sons. 

^Samuel Adams, married ^Charity Courts, daughter 
of Col. ^John Courts and ^Elizabeth Yates, his wife, of 
Charles County, Maryland. ^Samuel Adams died when 
comparatively a young man, leaving a widow and four 
daughters. Five children are mentioned in his will. 
One, perhaps, was a posthumous child. His will was 
proved September 10, 1748. See Charles County Rec- 
ords. Of his daughters, *Tabitha Adajns man-ied nVill- 
iam Russell, Jr., of Culjjeper County, Virginia. ^Celia. 
Adams married Joseph Stephens. *Athaleali Adams 
married Joseph Hopewell. ^Chloe Adams, no record of 
her marriage. Two of "Samuel Adams' daughters are 
mentioned in old Virginia records as having deeded 
tracts of land to Gen. George Washington. After ^Sam- 
uel Adams' death, his Avidow married Samuel Moore, 
and they had two daughters (names not kuo\\Ti) and one 
son, Lieut. * William Moore. He was in the A^irginia 
Continental Army. Therefore, *Tabitha Adams Russell 
had three own sisters named Adams, and two half-sis- 
ters and one half-brother named Moore. 

^Francis Adams married Jane , of Charles 

County, Maryland. They had eight children, among 
whom were: ^Godfrey, ^Walter, ^Francis and ^Samuel. 

^Francis Adams died July 17, 1776. His widow 
married Dr. William Lindsay. 

^Benjamin Adams married . He died before 

1760, and left one child, ^Francis Adams. He was liv- 
ing in Virginia in 1749. 

This connects with the line of ^William Russell, Jr., 
of Culpeper County, Virginia. 



The Courts, or Courte, family lived in Sioke-Greijory. 
Somerset, EiiglaDd. The founder of the Maryland 
branch was the ''Honorable 'John Courts, Gentleman," 
who first apiKiars as "John Courtis, of St. Georges 
Hundred," in Charles County, Maryland, as one of the 
Freemen summoned to a General Assembly of the Free- 
men of the Proyiuce, to be held at St. Marie's, January 
25, 1637. His parentage, or date of his arrival in 
America, we have so far failed to discover. He is the 
earliest paternal ancestor of Charity Courts, wife of 
Samuel Adams and mother of Tabitha Adaius, wife of 
Gen. William Eussell, that we have on record. 

In the following year, 163S, he is again mentioned in 
the public documents of theProvince as'"John Courtis," 
in each case in connection with the General Assembly 
matters. On the 12th of September, 1047, as '"John 
Courts" he was sworn to the oath of fealty, and on June 
3, 1650, record is made of his per.sonal "cattle mark," 
showing him to have been not only a man of "affairs," 
but a man of property in the Province, and entitled by 
his membei-ship in the General Assembly to the dis- 
tinction of Gentleman. He was Burgess and member 
of the Governors Council till his de^ith, in 16!>7. 

The name of his wife was Margaret, as determined 
from the record of the birtlis of their children, begin- 
ning in 1655, preserved in the ancient record of births 
in Charles County, Maryland, recently discovered at 
Port Tobacco, in that county. Her maiden name was 
not on the record. 

-Capt. John Courts, Gent., born in 1655, was in 1699 
granted the "Manor of Clean Drinking" (now owned by 
his descendant, Mr. Nicholas Jones). It is situated on 
the old Jones Mill road, seven miles out from Connecti- 
cut Avenue, Washington, D, C, near Che\7 Chase. 
After serving in many public offices in Charles County, 


he died in 1702, leaving issue: CoJ. ^Jolin Courts, who 
died in 1747. Some of his descendants in the South 
write their surname as it is pronounced, "Coatei*." The 
following extract is from the Vi)-gi?iia Magazine of 
History and Biography, Vol. VI, No. 2, October, 1898: 

"Capt. 2John Courts, the sou and heir of the 
above Hon. ^Jolin Courts, was a member of the 
upper Assembly of the Province of Maryland, on 
May 10, 1G92. There is a traditiou among his de- 
scendants that he was an officer in the Colonial 
Army. He was generally known as 'Captain ^John 
Courts,' and his son as 'Colonel ^John Courts.' On 
October 1, 1699, Captain ^John patented 700 aci^ 
of land, which tract was subsequently increased to 
1,400 acres by inheritance, and further grants. 
This estate extended down Rock Creek to what is 
known as Jones Ridge, in what was then Charles 
County, Maryland." 

A complete survey of the estate was made by Henry 
Hollingsworth, the Provincial surveyor in 1699, when 
by a singular chance a name was given to the place, 
which has clung to it for upwards of two hundred years. 
Tradition says the surveying party, having finished 
their work and exhausted their liquor, named the estate 
"Clean Drinking." Any way, an old local ditty goes 
thus : 

"He broke his bottle 

At the Spring with a will, 
And the name of Clean Drinking 
Clings to it still." 

In early limes, all grants of laud, as soon as surveyed, 
received names, and it is probable that "Clean Drink- 
ing" was given because of a remarkable spring which 
was upon the property. This is now one of the most 
famous manors in Montgomery County, Maryland. 

Captain ^John Courts, son of Hon. Mohn Courts, was 
a wealthy planter, and tradition as to his "high life" as 
lord of the manor of "Clean Drinking" is backed up by 
revelations in his will, dated in 1702, by which he be- 


qiieatbcd to his sou and beir, ^John Courts III, amoug 
ollior tliiugs, "One Silver punch bowl marked K. & S. H., 
and 1 doz. silver spoons marked J. & C. C, my sllver- 
bilted rapier, and my l>est saddle, with pistols and hol- 
sters." To his son, Henley, he left ''My silver flagon 
marked J{. H." The silver punch bowl had probably 
belonged to Capt. -John Courts' father-in-law, Eobort 
Henley, the father of Charity Henley Courts, as it bore 
the initials of Capt. Kol>ert Henley and Sarali, his wife. 
It affords a clue to the social status of Capt. John 
Courts' father-in-law, Capt. Robert Henley. 

The spoons bore the initials of ^John and Charity 
Courts, and the silver flagon wa.s probably inherited 
from Capt. Robert Henley, his father-in-law, as it was 
marked ''R. H." Capt. ^John Courts' will, dated and 
recorded in 1702, at Annapolis, Maryland, names his 
wife, Chaj-ity, and their issue: ^John, ^Robert, ^Henley, 
^Charles, ^William, Mun and ^Charity. Births are re- 
corded as early as 1G80. Capt. ^John Courts' wife. 
Charity Henley Courts, was a daughter of Capt. Robert 
Henley, a member of the Maryland House of Delegates 
in 1678, See State records. 

Col. ^John Courts, the third of the name we have on 
record in Maryland, was the second Lord of the Manor 
of ''Clean Drinking," then in Charles County, Maryland, 
and subsequently in King George County, and from 1748 
to 1776 it was in Frederick County, and since 1776 it 
has been in Montgomery County, Old Charles County 
having been subdivided at these dates. 

Col. 'John Courts, it was said, was at home but little, 
as his duty as an oflScer in the Colonial Army called him 
away on many campaigns. His wife was Elizabeth 
Yates, daughter of Maj. Robert Yates, of "Monnt Repub- 
lican Manor,'' Charles County, Maryland. He was an 
oflScer in the Colonial Ai-my. See State Records, Mary- 

Col. 'John Courts' will, dated aJid i-ecorded at Annap- 
olis, Md., in 1747, mentions his wife, Elizal>eth, and their 
children: *John, *William, *Robert, ^Henley, *Ann, 
*Charity Adams, ''Elizabeth Jones and *Mary Ann Mar- 
tine. His executors named were William Courts, John 
Martine and Charles Jones. Both of the above named 


John Courts described "Clean Drinking Manor" in 
their wills. 

Captain -John bequeaths the place to his daughter, 
^Ann. It is supposed that Colonel "John bought it 
from his sister, as he afterwards owned it. Colonel 
^John left it to his son, *John IV, who sold it to his 
sister ""Elizabeth's husbajid, Charles Jones, "Gentle- 
man." This Mohn Courts IV Avas a Brigade Major in 
the Continental Army and a member of the Order of 
Cincinnati. See Sallell's ''fJecord of Soldiers of the 
Eevolution of 1770," page 488. He was a brother of 
Charity Courts Adams, mother of Mrs. Gen. William 
Russell. Historic ''Clean Drinking Manor" has been in 
one family for two hundred years. 

Just beyond the city limits of our National Capital, 
or, to be exact, just seven miles from the White House 
gates, in Montgomery County, Maryland, about one 
mile from Chevy Chase, on the old Jones ^lill road, off 
Connecticut Avenue, extended, tourists find one of the 
oldest Manor houses of the Potomac region. The elec- 
tric cars run to Chevy Chase, about one mile from this 
historic mansion. ' 

A manor was usually granted by royalty to a scion of 
good, or aristocratic family, who, leaving the mother 
country behind, lived on his isolated American planta- 
tian in a manner resembling a feudal baron, with black 
slaves to produce the necessaries of living — the luxuries 
being imported from England. Indeed, ''Clean Drink- 
ing," as this manor has been called for so many yeare, 
held white slaves, or ''indentured servants," as well as 
negro slaves. In 17.50 Charles Jones, who had married 
^Elizabeth Courts, daughter of Col. 'John Courts III, 
having bought the old Manor House from his wife's 
brother, *John Courts IV, erected the now well-knowTi 
Manor House of "Clean Drinking;" it stands on a hill 
commanding a fine view. It is, of course, very old- 
fashioned, of frame, brick-filled, one and a half stories 
high, with dormer windows, in the prevailing style of 
the period and region, and flanked by high outside chim- 
neys. A veranda approached by a flight of wooden 
steps, extends its arms from chimney to chinmey, while 
two doors open from it directly into the principal apart- 


ments. TJie mouldering roof and weatber boards are 
much decayed, but the doors, some of which are of solid 
walnut, and the heavy sashes that enclose the tiny win- 
dow panes, are well preserved. On one side of the house 
is a cluster of roofless brick buildings, erected at the 
same time that the main house was built; the one con- 
taining the great brick oven was the kitchen, and the 
others were the domicile of the housekeepei', and house 
serviints. Near these buildings is a primitive stone 
dairy. On the opposite side of the house is the old- 
fashioned flower garden. The beds in this quaint jilat 
are bordered witJi magnificent boxwood shrubs, said to 
be the finest now in this country. These were planted 
by Charles Jones, ''Gentleman,'' in the form of a letter 
'*J," about the sauie time that Washington set out his 
famous boxwood hedges at Mt. Vernon. This historic 
old house is still o^\^led and occupied by the descend- 
ants of Charles and "'Elizabeth Courts Jones. 

All of the former owners of "Clean Drinking" are 
buried in the family graveyard near the Manor House. 

This Charles Jones, who man-ied Elizabeth Courts, 
was one of the judges of the first court held in Mont- 
gomery County, Maryland, and it is among his descend- 
ants that the surnaiue of the first proprietors, as ''Lords 
of the ]\ranor," has been jireserved as "Coates," instead 
of ''Courts," which is in all of the old records of the 
family. True-hearted hospitality always reigned at 
"Clean Drinking Manor," and in the days gone by, 
nearly all of the public men sojourning at the National 
Capitol have been guests there. One of the heroes of 
the old manor was Brigade Major 'John Courts Jones, 
who served with distinction in the Revolutionary War 
on the staff of General Smallwood. He was a member 
of the Order of the Cincinnati. His wife was a daugh- 
ter of Col. Robert H. Hari-ison, aide to General Wash- 
ington and his private secretary. Descendants of tliis 
couple now live at "Clean Drinking;" but the glory of 
the place, as imparted by wealth, has vanished. The 
old house is filled with almost priceless relics of the 
past — books, furniture, china, silver, glass, etc. The 
accumulation of hundreds of yeai-s, but here its glory 
ends, for the house is falling to decay; the gardens, 


arbors, graveyard, etc., are overrun with rank weeds, 
and an air of general debility prevails, for much free- 
heartedness and hospitality has been its ruin. 

I return now to the Courts family. The wife of Col. 
^John Courts was Elizal>eth, daughter of Maj. Robert 
Yates, of "Mount Eepublican Manor," in Charles 
County, Maryland. Ch)1. ^John probably divided his 
property before he executed his will, or at least gave his 
daughter, ■'Charity, her portion of his estate upon her 
marriage to Samuel Adams, as he gave but 10,000 
pounds of tobacco to her. Tobacco was "currency" then 

^Charity Courts, daughter of Col. ^John and Elizabeth 
(Yates) Courts, of "Clean Drinking Manor," Maryland, 
was married to Samuel Adams, of Charles County, Mary- 
land, before 1747, as in her father's will of that date she 
is mentioned as "Charity Adams." Samuel Adams' 
will was proved September 10, 1748. Mrs. Lida C. Lieb 
has a copy of this will. She now lives in San Jose, Cal. 
(1899). Nowhere in the archives of Maryland is the 
surname given as sr>elled otherwise than Courtis, Courts 
or Coart, and in no will of the "three John Courts" is 
the name Avritten otherwise than "Courts." 

All living descendants in the male line write their 
name "Courts." The spelling of the name "Coates" 
occurs almost only among the Jones branch of the 

In connection with this subject and i)edigree, see 
"An Account of Old Maryland Manors, and Their 
Lords," in the Johns Hopkins Studies, 1883. Also the 
publi.shed volumes of the "Archives of Maryland," by 
Louis H. Evarts; "History of \Yestem Marsiand," and 
the calendar ot Maryland State Papers. 



The Owen family, which forms the subject of this 
sketch, is of Welch origin, descendants of the ancient 
Kings of Wales. The Owen Glendowei-s, or Gleudower 
Owens, were persecuted by their enemies, and driven 
from their estates to the mountain wilds, whei*e they 
became shepherds; their ancestral home was in Marion- 
ethshire, Wales, one of the extreme western counties, 
the coast of which is washed by Cardigan Bay. It lies 
not far southwest from the port of Liverpool, and its 
principal town is.Barmouth. South of it lies the County 
of Montgomery. Here the Society of Friends had many 
adherents, and a large number of the Welch people 
joined this society. As the hand of persecution fell 
heavy upon them, their eyes naturally turned towards 
the new Western World, as a much desii-ed haven of 
fx^ace and rest from the tyrannies and oppressions of 
the Old World. The Welch custom, and that of the 
Swiss and Palatines, in settling new countries, were 
similar in many respects. They would firet send reliable 
pereons across the Atlantic to purchase lands and make 
preparations for the reception of the expected colonists, 
then send the colony later. 



At this lime, in the fourth quarter of the seventeeuth 
century, William Peun, the CJiiefest of the Quakers, had 
already projected his plans of a government founded on 
brotherly love, and from him a large number of AV'elch 
Quakere, led by Rowland Ellis, purchased five thousand 
aci*es of land in Pennsylvania. They arrived in Amer- 
ica in 1682, another colony coming in 1686. There 
were also a number of Owens of these colonists, among 
them being three brother from Wales, ^Thomas, Mohn 
and ^William Owen, who arrived in the Colony of Vir- 
ginia about the same time, ajid settled in Henrico 
County, twenty miles below where Richmond now 
stands. It is not known whether they were related to 
the Owens who settled in Pennsylvania or not. 

The original will of ^Thomas Owen is recorded in 
Henrico County, Virginia, dated 1741, and probated in 
1744; but the earliest mention of the family is in the 
will of Thomas Brookes, also recorded in Henrico 
County, dated 1694, probated in 1695. In it he names 
his wife, Joanna, and tn'o sons-in-law, ^Thomas and 
^William Owen. ^Thomas Owen married Elizal>eth 
P>rookes, and ^William Owen married another daughter 
of Thomas Brookes. It is supposed that ^John Ow^en, 
the second brother, did not marry, as we have no record 
of his family. It is thought that he w^ent to South 
Carolina or Georgia. He was lost sight of by his 
brothers and their families, who remained for some 
years in Virginia. We have no record of the family of 
^William Owen, the third brother, who married a Miss 

^Thomas Owen is the firet of the family on record in 
Virginia. He and his wife, Elizabeth Brookes, lived in 
Henrico County and reared a family. There are no 
details preserved conceraing either of them, but it may 
be safe to state that the life, character and habits of 
this couple must have been good, for the character of 
their children and the families into which they married, 
is suflScient to indicate their high position in life. They 
lived and died in the above-named county. ^Thomas 
Owen mentions his wife, Elizabeth Brookes, in his will. 
Their son, =John Owen, with his wife, Mildred Grant 
(daughter of Thomas Grant and Isabella Richardson^, 


his father-in-law, Thomas Grant, and his brothers-in- 
law, William Allen and Daniel Grant, removed to 
Granville ConntN', North Carolina, in 1765. 

^John Owen, son of ^Thomas, was a vestryman in 
Antrim Parish from 1752 to 1765. 

^John Owen, brother of ^Thomas, was a member of 
Old Brntou Church, Williamsburg, Va., in 1697, where 
it is sup}>osed he .«:ettled when his brothers went to 
Henrico County. 

As we have no record of the descendants of ^John and 
^William Owen, we will begin with ^Thomas Owen, who 
married Elizabeth Brookes, of Henrico County, Vir- 
ginia. They had four children. We suppovse all wei-e 
born in Henrico County, Virginia. They were: ^John, 
^Thomas, "William and ^Mary. 

^William Owen died unmarried. 

^Thomas Owen married, first, a Miss Hopson, and 
second, a Miss Fontaine. They had six children, as 
follows: ^Hopson, ^Fontaine, ^Thomas, ^Betsy (married 
a Mr. Cheatham, of North Carolina), ^Susanne (married 
a Mr. Barton) and another daughter (name not known) 
married a Mr. Bransford. This family lived near 
Richmond, Va. 

-^fary Owen married William Allen. They had five 
children : 'Betsy Allen, married a Mr. Morgan ; ^Susan 
Allen, married a Mr. Barton ; ^Polly Allen, married 
William Allen (called Shoe Iveather Allen) ; ^Sarah 
Allen, married a Mr. Walker; ^Nancy Allen, married 
Gideon Johnson, a soldier of the Continental Anny of 
1776. See Ramsey's "Annals of Tennes.see'' and Saflell's 
"Register of Revolutionary Soldiei*s," page 503. Their 
children were eight, as follows: ^William M., ^Gideon, 
*Mordecai, *Peter, ^Elizabeth, *Abner (married N. 
Brackett), *Mary (married I. Cotton) and *Ursula 
Johnson (married John Pillow; issue: "Gideon J., 
''Abnor and ^\nnie Pillow, who married a Mr. Payne, 
all of Tennessee). 

'John Owen, son of ^Thomas, was born about 1695, in 
Henrico County, Virginia. He had eight children : 
^Thomas, ^Richardson, ^Isabella, ^Mary, ^Fanny, ^Mil- 
dred, 'John and ^Eliza Owen. In 1741 he was married 
to Mildred Grant (a daughter of Thomas Grant and Isa- 


bella Richardson, liis wife). She was born about 1714, 
and lived to be over ninety years of age, becoming blind 
before her death. Dr. ■'Itichardson Owen, her grandson, 
writes in 1844, from his recollection of her: ''She was 
a woman of large frame, rather taciturn, industrious to 
a proverb, frugal, economical, keen in her observations, 
kind to all children, not easily moved in distress, but 
firm, and remarkably staid in her mind, in all emer- 
gencies, pious, methodical, and had a great contempt 
for a mean character." Of his grandfather, -John Owen, 
Dr. ^Richardson Owen says: ''I remember him dis- 
tinctly. He was a small man, with piercing black eyes, 
and when over a hundred years of age, was firm, and 
stayed in his mind to a remarkable degree." He does 
not give the date of his death. 

-John Owen and Mildi-ed Grant's eight children were 
as follows: ^Thomas Owen, the eldest son, married 
Isabella Allen, his cousin. He enlisted in the Conti- 
nental Army, January 25, 1776. See "Safifell's Reg- 
ister," p. 181. They went from North Carolina to Ken- 
tucky, and lived at or near Elizabethto\\Ti. They had 
fourteen children, namely: ^Thomas, *John, * William, 
<Fanny, Tolly, '•Richardson, "Sally, "Isabella, "Eliza- 
beth. "Robert, "Anne, "Grant, "Daniel and "Alfred. 

"Thomas Owen married Elizabeth Webb, and they 
had ten children, namely: ^Harriet, 'James, "^Grant, 
'David, 'Daniel, 'Eliza, 'John, 'Mary, 'Isabella and 

"John Owen married Eleanor Howard and had four 
children, namely: 'Samuel, "William, 'Mary and 'Rich- 
ardson Owen. 

"William Owen married Charlotte Montague, and had 
'Henry Owen and several other children. 

"Fanny Owen married William Poole and had several 

"Polly Owen married William Montague, and had 
'Thomas Montague and other children. 

"Richardson Owen died unmarried. 

"Sally Owen died unmarried. 

"Isabella Owen died unmarried. 

"Elizabeth Owen married John Green and had four 

Dr. John Owen 

Of Carthage, Tenn. B.->rn I7S7; Died 1S26. 


^Uobei't Owen married a Miss ITardin. 

*Aune Owen niarried a Mr. Mooi-man. 

^Grant Owen married a Miss Moorman. 

^Daniel Owen married a Miss Allen. 

^Alfred Owen married a Miss Moorman. 

Col, ^Richardson Owen, serond child of ^John Owen 
and Mildred Grant, his wife, was born in Henrico 
County. \'irjrinia. in 1744. His parents moved I0 Gran- 
ville Connly, North Carolina, in 17(>5. He was a 
Colonel commanding a regiment in the Revolution of 
177G. He married Sarah Doty. They had six children. 
They moved I0 Tuscaloosa, Ala., in 1818, where he died 
in 1822, and his wife died in 1836. Their children were: 

Dr. "William Owen, married Martha Edwards. They 
had a son. Judge 'B. F. Owen, of West Point, ^liss. 

Dr. '•John Owen, married Anne Keeling. They had a 
son, "^vSylvesIa Owen, who married Frances Bartce, and 
they have five children, namely: Dr. ^J. Nimrao, ^Sarah 
F. (married Edward Burke), ®Anu K., ''Robert and 
^Virginia Owen. 

Judge ^Thomas Owen, of Tuscaloosa, Ala., married 
Dolly Williams. They had nine children, namely: 
"Amanda (married Mr. Kirk), ^Marcus, ''Julia, "Emily, 
"John, "Sarah, "William (married, and had a son, 
"Thomas M. Owen, who married a Miss Bankhead, and 
they have a son, ^Thomas M. Owen, Jr., and live at 
Carrollton, Ala.), "Thomas and "James Owen. 

Dr. "Richardson Owen, married Tabitha Allen, his 
second cousin. They had nine children, and live-d in 
Columbus, Miss., for some years, then moved to Arkan- 
sas. Their children were: "Tabitha G., "Henry R., of 
Lake Village, Ark. ; "Edward T., "Sarah H., "Richardson 
Bruce, of Lagrange, Ark. ; "Mary F., "Susan E. (married 
a Mr. Alexander, of Okalla, Texas), "Anne E. and 
"Thomas G. Owen. 

"Sarah R. Owen, married a Mr. McKinstry. After 
his death she married Dr. John Drisk, of Tuscaloo8a> 

Judge "Hopson Owen, married Alice Williams. He 
was a banker for some years before his death in Tusca- 
loosa, Ala. Their children were: "Charles, "Eugenia 
and "Augusta Owen. 


'Isabella Oweu, third cliild of -Joliu Owen and Mil- 
died Giant Owen, married Joseijh Hill. Tliey bad four 
children, namely: "Tbomas (married and bad a family 
of fonr cbildren), ^Mildred (married Jobn Williams), 
'Kobert (man-ied Polly Young) and MJicbard.son Hill. 

^Mary Owen, fourth child of -John Owen and ^fildred 
Grant Owen, man-ied Seth Moore. They bad six chil- 
dren, namely: "Thomas (married a Miss Booker), 
'Ik'tsy (died unnjarriedi, ^^largaret (married, fii-st, 
Jobn Buruey; second, a Mr, Tarpley), ^Seth, ^Burnett 
(married a Miss Billiugsley) and *Jolm Moore (married 
a Miss Oliver). 

^Fanny Owen, the fiftb child of =Johu and Mildred 
Grant Owen, married ^Thomas Grant, her first cousin. 
Tiiey bad five children. He was born in 1757, and was 
a soldier in the Continental Array. See ''Heitman's 
Kegi.ster,'' p. 107. Their cbildren were: ^Daniel, mar- 
ried Lucy Crutchfield, and they had three children: 
''John T. (married Martha Cobb Jackson ; they bad one 
child, ^William D. Grant, of Atlanta, Ga., who married 
Sally Fanny Reade ; they have two cbildren, namely: 
^Sarah Frances Grant, married, first, Thomas Cobb 
Jackson; married, second, John >f. Slaton, of Atlanta, 
Ga., and "John W. Grant, who married Anne Innman, 
daughter of Hugh Innman and Fanny Van Dyke, bis 
wife; they have three cbildi-en. and live in Atlanta, Ga.), 
^Mary E. Grant (married Joseph Wilkins) and Mames 
L. Grant (married S. J. Morrow). ^William Grant, 
married Kitura Mills. ^Thomas Grant, married Mary 
Biard. ^Mildred Grant, married J. Billiugsley, and 
^Elizabeth Grant, married William Love. 

^Mildred Grant Owen, the sixth child of ^John and 
Mildred Grant Owen, married George Moore. They 
had five cbildren, namely : *Franklin Moore, mai'ried a 
Miss Overby. *Andei*son Moore, married a Miss 
Chandler. *Fanny ifoore, married a Mr. Wilson. 
*Polly Moore, married a Mr. Sinmions and *Mildred 
Moore, married a Mr. Puryear. 

^John Owen, the seventh child of Mohn and 
Mildred Grant Owen, was born in Henrico County, 
Virginia, March 25, 1754. His parents removed from 
Virginia to North Carolina when he was about eleven 

0U7v'A FAMILY. 323 

years of age. On September 5, 177(1, lie was married to 
bis cousin, Amelia Grant, dau£>,liter of Daniel Grant and 
Elizabeth Tait, his wife. IJe served in the Continental 
Army. See ''SalVell's Eeeord," p. 223; also a Kegister 
of troops in the Noi-lh Carolina line. He was a Lieu- 
tenant in May, 1776. His wife, Amelia CJrant, was 
born October 20, 1752. ^Jolin Owen was said to have 
been one of the noblest of men, tall, erect and robust, 
with dark hair and complexion, and a Koman nose; his 
face indicating great strength of character. He had a 
cheerful disposition, and was always kind to those 
around him, a man of marked piety, industrious and 
economical without being penurious; having a con- 
tempt for all hypocrisy and meanness; frank and dig- 
nified in manners and conversation, and prudent in all 
things. He and his wife lived in Granville Coimty, 
North Carolina, where they reared seven children to be 
gro^vll. She died June 28, 1822. He then became un- 
happy and dissatistied, gave up his home, divided his 
proi>erty and household goods among his children, and 
decided to go to Carthage, Tennessee, to live with his 
son. Dr. *John Owen, who was then on a visit to his 
father, having gone to assist him in settling up his 
estate. ^John Owen was then quite an old man, and it 
was an arduous journey for one of his age to travel so 
many hundred miles over rough, mountainous roads 
froni Middle North Carolina to Middle Tennessee. He 
rode in a gig, which was a vehicle in common use at 
that time, a faithful negro servant driving him, his son, 
Dp. *John Owen, and .several negroes were on horseback 
attending him. He was taken severely ill at Wythe 
Court House, in Virginia, and died December 8, 1824, 
and was buried there at Straws Chapel. He was ill 
only a few days. His son, with the servants, after the 
sad burial, proceeded on their sorrowful journey to his 
home in Carthage, Tenn. 

'John Owen and Amelia Grant left seven children, as 
follows : 

The eldest, ''Elizal)eth Owen, bora June 1, 1777; mar- 
ried Thomas Anderson. She died August .SO, 1814. 
They had six children, namely: '^James (married 
and had six children), "^Amelia (married, left no chil- 

324 HisTomoAL sketches. 

dren), ^Thomas (married a Miss Allen in Georgia, bnt 
later went to Mouticello, Ark., where be died, leaving 
four children), ^John W. (died during the War of 1860, 
leaving one son), "Eliza (married a Mi". Paschal) and 
''Daniel Anderson (married a Miss Bivins). 

The second child of Mohn and Amelia Grant Owen 
was M)aniel Owen, horn May 18, 1770. He married 
Sarah Willis, and died in ISGO. They had eight chil- 
dren, as follows: 

"Mildred Owen, married Joel Burt, of Talbot County, 
Georgia, and their children were: ®Sarah, married 
Roscoe Gorman ; their children are: ^Mildred (married 
Harry Brown), ^Sarah, ^Roscoe, ^Elizabeth, ''Mary 
(married John Eden), ^William and ^Joseph Gorman. 
^Emily, not married. "Mildred, married Belton Butts; 
their children are: Uessie Butts and others; and 
''Alpheus Burt. 

"James Owen, married, first, Miss Marshall, daughter 
of Judge William Marshall ; second, Miss Johnson ; had 
five children, as follows: ®Sarah Owen, married John 
Leonard, of Talbotton, Ga, ; they have four children, 
namely: ^James, ^William, ^Robert and ^Edward Tveon- 
ard. 'Mary Owen, married a Mr. Kimbrough, of Car- 
rollton, Ga. ^'Rebecca Owen, married Samuel Burt, of 
Alabama. ^James Owen and ^Albert Owen, unmarried. 

"Mary Owen, the third child of •'Daniel Owen, married 
William Holmes. They had eight children, namely: 
"Kate (married Stephen Clements), **Mattie (married 
Ossian Gorman; their children are: ^Katie and ^John 
Gorman and two others), ^William (married Jennie 
Evans), "Robert (unmarried), "Fanny (married James 
Bryan; their children are: ^William, ''Holmes and 
'James Bryan), "Jennie (unmarried), "John and "Emma 
Holmes (unmarried). 

"William Owen, married, first, Elizabeth Pitts; sec- 
ond, Eliza Willis; they had six children, as follows: 
"Fanny, married A. P. Dixon, of Woodbury, Ga. They 
have three children, namely: 'Robert, 'Mary B. and 
'Helen Dixon. "Mary Owen, married Dr. Lewis Stan- 
ford, of Waverly Hall, Ga. They have two children, 
namely: 'George and 'Owen Stanford. "Isabel Owen, 
married T. B. Ashford. "William Owen, married 


; they have two children, namely : "Mary and 

'William Owen, and live at Woodbury, Ga. "John 
Owen, nnniarried. ®Heieu Owen, married Tliomas 

^Dr. John Owen, married , and has one child, 

^Mattie Owen, who married ]iobert B>yar, of Talbot 
Valley, Ga., and has ten children. 

^Franklin Owen, married, tirst, Sarah Gamble; sec- 
ond, Ada Mahone; they had two children, namely: 
®Frank and ^Addie Owen. 

''Daniel Owen was in the Confederate Army; he mar- 
ried, first, Sallie Keed ; second, Emma Reed. He had 
two childi'cu by his first wife, namely: *^Sarali Emma 
and ^Lizzie Mary Owen, of Talbot County, Georgia. 

'^Sydney Owen, married Mary Gorman. They had 
six children, namely: ^Sally (married Edwin Golding, 
and has one child, "Sallie Golding, of Texas), *John, 
^Sydney, *Mary (married Frank Patterson, and has 
four children, namely: ^Owen, ^William, ^Mary and 
'Margaret Patterson), ®Leila (married Sam Stratton, 
of Lebanon, Tenn., and has four children, namely : 'Mil- 
dred, 'Julia, 'Mary O. and 'Elizabeth Stratton. 
^Alberta Owen, married William Bryan, and had six 
children, namely: 'Sydney, 'Amanda, 'Sarah, 'Hardy, 
'Leila and 'William Bryan, 

*Thom;is Owen, third child of Mohn and Amelia 
Grant Owen, was lorn December 8, 1780; died July 32, 
1805. He was never married. 

^Isabella Owen, fourth child of *John and Amelia 
Grant Owen, waf-- born June 12, 1782. She married a 
Mr. Dozici". and died in 1833, leaving no children. 

*Mildred Owen, the fifth child of »John and Amelia G. 
Owen, was born June 6, 1785 ; died in September, 182(5, 
unmarried; was buried in the private burying ground 
at the home of her brother. Dr. ■'John Owen, near Car- 
thage, Tenn. 

Dr. *John Owen, the sixth child of 'John and Amelia 
Grant Owen, was bora August 31, 1787, in Granville 
County, North Carolina; on Deceml>er 17, 1812, he was 
married to Mary Amis Goodwin, of the same county 
and State. She was born January 30, 1787, and died 
January 2, 1870, at Ijcbanon, Tenn! Mary Amis Good- 


win was the daugliler of Lemuel Goodwin, of Granville 
County, North Carolina. He was a Sergeant in the 
Continental Army. See Record in the Pension Office 
at Washington, D. C, also Record of Soldiers of the 
Revolution from North Carolina, compiled by the 
Secretary of State of North Carolina. Lemuel 
Goodwin owned a large plantation and a number 
of slaves. He had only two children, daughtei-s. 
He lived to be quite an old man, was active, straight 
and erect. PJe rode horseback when eighty years 
of age as easily and gracefully as a man of thirty. 
He was a kind, affectionate husband and father, a Chris- 
tian in every sense of the word. 

Dr. *John Owen and his wife were educated at the 
best schools in North Carolina, and were refined, cul- 
tured people ; he was two years in Philadelphia, attend- 
ing the medical college, wiiich was at that time the most 
noted in America. Dr. Benjamin Rush was one of his 
preceptors, for whom he formed a warm attachment, 
and gave his name to his eldest son. After receiving 
his diploma from the college, he returned home, married, 
and immediately moved to Carthage, Smith County, 
Tennessee. He lived there, practicing medicine, a few 
years, then bought a large farm Mithin five miles of 
Carthage, and settled his and his wife's slaves on it. 
For a number of years he continued in the practice of 
his chosen profession, was much beloved and respected 
in the community in which he lived, was generous, char- 
itable and kind to all. None ever appealed to him for 
aid without it being cheerfully given. He was a fine 
business man, and left his widow and children in good 
circumstances. He had seven children. Two died in 
infancy and two in early youth. He died September 5, 
1826, leaving his wife and five young children. She 
was a woman of gre^t piety and strength of character. 
She and her husband were members of the Methodist 
Church. Their home was always the home for the itin- 
erant ministers of that denomination; they assisted in 
building churches and school houses in the neighbor- 
hood, and did much to advance religion and education 
in that new and undeveloijed country. Their eldest 
son, 'Benjamin R. Owen, born September 15, 1813, 


was educated at Clinton College, whose president 
was the noted educator, Peter Hubbard. It was one of 
the best schools at that time in Middle Tennessee. He 
then attended the medical college in Philadelphia for 
two years, and began the practice of his profession in 
Lebanon, Tenn. He was a successful practitioner. On 
March 2G, 1840, he was married to Katherine Howard, 
of Greeneville, Tenn. During a severe epidemic of 
cholera he died of the disease on July 23, 1849, at I^b- 
anon, Tenn., a martyr to the cause of humanity, leaving 
a widow and three small children, namely: 

^Fannie Owen, married Horace H. Lurton, of Clarks- 
ville, Tenn., who became one of the Supreme Judges of 
the State, and is now (1910) one of the Judges of the 
United States Supreme Court. Their children are: 
^Kate, died when about grown. '^Leon, also died when 
about twenty-one years of age. ^Mary, married, first, 
Robert Finley, of New York; second, Horace Van De- 
Venter, of Kuoxville, Tenn. ; they have one child, ^Fran- 
ces Van DeVenter. ''Horace Lurton, married Margaret 
Eichardson. They live in Nashville, Tenn., and have 
a son, ^Horace Lurton III, and a daughter, ^Sarah 
Evans Lurton. 

*Lily Owen, married Richard Morgan, of Dallas, 
Texas^ a prominent law;>^er. She died, leaving three 
children, namely: "Richard, ^Owen and 'Katherine 

^Benjamin H. Owen, married Mary Kennedy, and lives 
in Charleston, S. C. He is a man of high standing in 
the community and in his church. They had six chil- 
dren, namely: 'Sarah. Mohn, 'Mary and 'Katherine 
Owen, and two who died in infancy. 'Sarah Owen 
married the Rev. Thomas M. Hunter, of Baton 
Rouge, La. They have two children, namely : ^Howard 
Owen Hunter and *Sally Marshall Hunter. 'Mary K. 
Owen married Andrew' J. Geer, of Charleston, South 
Carolina. 'John Owen married Irene M. Beltz. 

The second child of Dr. ''John Owen and Mary A. 
Goodwin, his wife, was '^Fanny Isaljella Owen, born 
Februarv 5, 1818; married William B. Campbell, Sep- 
tember 10, 1835. 

'*Fannv Owen, a woman of many virtues, was a strong 

328 iiisTOincAL UKr/rviiES. 

thaiacter, full of energy and enteipiise, a charitable 
Christian woman, fitted to adoin any society. She had 
spent many winters at the National Capital, and there 
had met the leading men and women of the nation. 
They had ten children. Throe died in early youth, and 
one/'William Bowen Campbell, in early manhood, just 
twenty-two years of age, a most prcunising young man. 

•'Mary Campl>ell, the eldest, married I). C. Kelley. 
She was a noble woman, loved by all who came under 
her influence. She died in November, 1S90, leaving 
three young sons, namely: 'William C, died in Skag- 
way, Alaska, in 18!)8; 'David C, married Jane Cowen; 
issue: ®Mavy O. C, ^David C, and ''Sarah Donelson 
Kelley. 'Owen, died in 1904. One daughter, "Lavinia, 
died young. 

^Margaret Hamilton Campbell, second daughter of 
William B. and Fanny Owen Campbell, married James 
Stuart Pilcher, a lawyer of Nashville, Tenn. They have 
three children, namely: 'Frances Owen, "Stuart Ca- 
rothers (married Martha Douglas, October 27, 1909, a 
daughter of Dr. Kichard Douglas and Martha Irving, 
his Avife) and ' W. B. Campbell Pilcher (married Septem- 
ber 28, 1907, Loretta H., daughter of United States 
Senator Robert L. Taylor and his wife, Sarah Baird). 

^Fanny Amelia Campliell, third daughter of William 
B. and Fanny Owen Campbell, married J. Willis 
Bonner, a lawyer of Na.shville, Tenn. He was Judge of 
the Circuit Court at that place. They had five chil- 
dren. ^Campbell Bonner, Professor of Greek at the 
University of Michigan, married Ethel Howell. They 
have two children, namely: ^Frances and *Sue Grundy 
Bonner. "^Moses Horton Bonner married Georgiana 
McNair, and lives in Houston, Texas. "Russell and 
^Willis died young; and 'Mary C. Bonner. «Fanny C. 
Bonner died February 14, 1900, in Nashville, Tenn. 
She was a Christian, a woman of strong, elevated char- 

"Joseph Allen Campbell, son of Fanny O. and William 
B. Campbell, is a farmer, and lives at the old homestead, 
''Campbell," near I^ebanon, Tenn. He married Alice 
Hall, of Carthage, Miss. They have three daughters, 
namely : 'Frances (married Frank S. Garden, of Chat- 

Mrs. Mary Amis Goodwin Owen. 

Wife of Dr. John Owen. 
She Was Born ITmI; Died 187S. 


tanooga, Tenn., and has one daugliter, ^Alice Hall), 
'Maiy O. and "Jessie Bonner Campbell (married Ed- 
ward Graham). 

Dr. M. Owen Campbell, son of Fanny O. and William 
B. Campbell, is a farmer, and lives near I^ebanon, Tenn. 
He married Susie Towson. They have two children, 
namely: ^Martha and "Maigaret Campbell. 

"Jx?rauel ]\ussell Campbell, younoest child of Fanny 
O. and William B. Campbell, is a lawyer, practicing at 
the Nashville bar. He married Johnnie Marshall in 
December, 1893. They have had three sons and two 
daughters, namely : 'William B., ^Matthew McClung, 
^Kussell, 'Elizabeth E. and "Ellen M. Campbell. The 
two daughters died in infancy. 

Dr. '^John Owen, the youngest child of Dr. *John and 
Mary Goodwin Owen, was born June 21, 1825; married 
Fannv Jameson, November 1, 1853. They had no chil- 
dren.' He died April 16, 1889. His wife, a Christian 
woman, loved by all who knew her, died several years 
befoi'e her husband. 

^Mary Owen, the seventh child of ^John and Amelia 
Grant Owen, was born October 24, 1794. She married 
Frank Oliver, and they had five children. She died 
in September, 1>;2G, and was buried at her brother's 
home, near Carthage, Tenn., about two miles from Gor- 
donsville, at what is now called the Hogan place, near 
the banks of Caney Fork Kiver. At this place there is 
an old graveyard in the garden that is now almost 
obliterated by the soil covering the tombstones that 
mark the resting ])lace of Dr. ^John Owen, two of his 
sisters, four of his children, and many other members 
of the family. Dr. "John Owen and his two sisters, 
*Mary Owen Oliver and "Mildred Owen, died the same 
year and month of a malarial fever, and are buried at 
this place. "Mary Owen Oliver's children were: "^Lu- 
cinda Oliver, married, first, a Mr. Lowery; second, 
Bennett Hillsman. Their children are: 'Sarah, mar- 
ried John Seay; she had two children, namely: ^John 
W. (married a Miss Lightfoot, and lives in Texas) and 
^Fanny Seay (married a Mr. Loving, of Texas). "Mary 
Hillsman; ^William Hillsman, was killed at the Battle 
of Chickamauga, in the Confederate Army; Mohn O. 


nillsman, jnarried Edna Josey, of Athens, Ga.; they 
have six cliildreu; ^Augustus P. Ilillsman, married 
Eiidora liogers, of Palem, Ga. ; they have six children; 
^Lisette Hillsuian, married Thomas Middlehrookes, of 
Farmington, Ga. ; they have six children; ^Margaret 
Hillsman, married Robert Hester, of Farmington, Ga. ; 
they have seven childi-en; ^Luoinda ITillsman. married 
Williani Rogers, of Mallorys, Ga., they have two chil- 
dren; ''Susan Hillsman, married Edward Smith, of 
Greshamsville, Ga. ; they have three children. 

'Amelia G. Oliver, married William Wozencraft; 
they had .seven children, namely: 'George, killed at the 
Battle of Shiloh; ^Mary, married Dr. Stone; they have 
three children ; ^Martin L., married and had four chil- 
dren ; •''Capt. A. P., of Dallas, Texas; «Frank, of Prince- 
ton, Ark.; <^Fanuy, married a Mr. Hardy; they have 
eight children, and "Harriette Wozx^ncraft, married a 
Mr. McCiity, and they have four children. 

'^Fanny Oliver, married, first, a Mr. Drake; second, 
Captain Winstead, of Princeton, Ark.; they have no 

''Angelina Oliver, married a Mr. Shepherd; they left 
four children, who live near Blountsville, Ala., namely : 
*'Fanny F. (not married), «Helen (not married), "Ann 
Amelia (married Mr. Graves, and has two children) and 
^^Alice Shepherd (married a Mr. Self, and they have five 

^Elizabeth Owen, the eighth child of =John and Mil- 
dred Grant Owen, married Sihorn Smith ; they had four 
children, namely : *Thomas, married Elizabeth Hallum ; 
■'\Yilliam, mai-ried Rachel Oliver; they had many chil- 
dren ; *Marv, married a Mr. Buchanan, and *Ann Smith, 
married a Mr. Crowder. 

Owen (Ap Grifeth.) Or. A Cross gu. 



The Grant family livod in iho. norllnvest of Scotland. 
The clan was large, and many brave, strong men were 
forced to seek other fields for their labor, as is always 
the case where the population outgrows the ability of 
the land to maintain them. 

Early in the seventeenth century, ^Thomas Grant had 
a lai'ge tract of land patented to him in New Kent 
County, Virginia, about eighteen miles from Richmond 
and seven miles from Hanover Court House. After- 
wards he had another tract patented to him in 1652. 
This is from Virginia records. 

'Thomas Grant (the sou of ^Thomas) married Isabella 
Richardson. He gave the land upon which the first 
Presbyterian church edifice was built in Virginia, and 
assisted in erecting the building. He was an elder 
in the congregation of Ground Squirrel Meeting House, 
Hanover County, Virginia. He died in 1734, and was 
buried beside his wife in the yard of the Old Pole Green 
Church, twenty miles from Richmond, Va. They had 
three children, namely : 

^Mildred Grant, married =John Owen. Their de- 
scendants are given in the foregoing pages, in the his- 
tory of the Owen family. 

^Daniel Grant was born in 1724 at the old home near 
Ground Squirrel Meeting House, in Hanover County, 
Virginia. See the Records in Hanover Court House, 
Virginia. He married Elizabeth Tait. They had five 
children. He died in 1796. He was a Justice of the 
Peace in North Carolina (whence he had removed with 
his family from Virginia) during the Colonial period 
(see '^History of Methodism in Georgia," by the Rev. 
G. G. Smith), and was also for a short time a Lieutenant 
in the Continental Army. He was past the age for 
active service, being fifty-two years of age in 1776. See 
Saflfeirs "Register of Continental Soldiers." 


^TLomas Grant (son of ^Daniel Gnint and Elizabeth 
Tait, his wife) was born in 1757. He was a soldier in 
the Continental Army; married liis cousin, ^Frances 
Owen. He died in 1828. Their descendanis are 
given in the foregoing pages of the Owen history. 

^Amelia Grant, married her cousin. ^John Owen. 
Their descendants are given in the Owen history. 

*Fi-ances Grant, man-ied S. 1). Gaflord. 

^Isabella Grant married Richard Davis. 

*Anne Grant married Hazlewood Wilkerson. 

'Fanny Grant married William Allen. She was his 
second wife. His first wife was -Mary Owen, daughter 
of ^Thomas Owen and Elizabeth Brooke, his wife. They 
had eight children, namely: 

*Thomas,nVilliam,*Grant,married Tabitha Marshall; 
they lived at Dixon Springs, Tenn.; had five children, 
as follows: ''Susan, married William Alexander; 
''Thomas, married Frances Taylor; they had a daughter, 
^Elizabeth Allen, who married Thomas Bedford. They 
lived near I^ebanon, Tenn. After their death their son, 
'Thomas Bedford, went to Arkansas, married and had 
a family; their two daughters married, names not 
known. ^Polly Allen, married William Allen, her 
cousin; they had an only child, ^Eliza Allen, who mar- 
ried Judge Abram Caruthers, of Lebanon, Tenn. 
They had eleven children, as follows : 'William, married 
Fanny McCall, his cousin, and had six sons, namely: 
®Read, ^Robert, *John, ^William, ^\llen and ^Abra'm 
Caruthers. 'Samuel, married and left children ; 'Mary, 
died young; 'Louisa, married General Carter, of Geor- 
gia, and had two children, namely : "Estelle, died young, 
and ^Edward Carter, married Minnie Dunn and died, 
leaving two children, namely: ^Rowena D. and "John C. 
Carter, of Nashville, Tenn. 'Rebecca, married Col. 
Horace Rice, and left one child, ^Margaret Rice, who 
married James Harris; they have one son, 'Horace 
Harris, who lives in Colorado. 'Sally, married Dr. 
Robertson, and has three sons, namely: ^William, 
^Robert and *Dixon Robertson. 'Rol)ert, died unmar- 
ried. 'Eliza, married Dr. Allsbrooke and left two sons. 
'Betty, married Charles M. Ewing, of Dresden, Tenn., 
and has two children, namely: ^Carothers l^^wing, mar- 


ried a Miss Winston, of Memphis, Tcnn. Tbey have two 
children, namely: "Estelle and Mnlia Ewiug; ''Cliarlie 
Ewing, married Ray Carey, of Memphis, Teun. '^Kate, 

married Edwards, and died without issue; and 

^Fanny Carothers, married John Hart, of Nashville, 
Tenn. They have two sons, namely: ^Winslow and 
®Abram Hart. '^Betsey Allen, married Col. John 11. 
Rowen, a leading lawyer and member of United States 
Congress, from Gallatin, Tenn. They had three chil- 
dren, namely: ^Mary Bowen, married Judge Jacob 
Schall Yerger, of Greenville, Miss.; they had ten chil- 
dren. Three died in the Confederate Army. Only two 
left children, as follows: 'William G. Yerger, married 
Jennie Hunter; they had four children, namely: 
^Nugent, ® James, ®Mary Louise (married George M. 
Wheatly, and has one child, ^Genivieve Wheatley), 
and ^Jennie (married Samuel Wilson and has three 
children, namely: "Will Y. E., ^Elizabeth L. and "Oscar 
S. Wilson, of Vicksburg, Miss.). 'Hal Yerger, married 
Sallie Miller and left two sons and one daughter, 
namely: *Betty, ^Harvey M. and ^Will G. Yerger, of 
Greenville, Miss. ^John Bowen died young. ^Grant 
Bowen married Amanda Yerger, and has two children, 
namely: 'Mary Bowen, married, first, Walter Helm; 
second, Carnel Warfield, of Grand Lake, Chicot 
County, Arkansas. She has one son, ^Neville Helm. 
'John Bowen, married Wilsie Sutton ; lives in Green- 
ville, Miss., and has one son, *John Bowen, Jr., and one 
daughter, ^Carrie Bowen. '^Tabitha Allen, married Dr. 
Bichardson Owen, her cousin. Their descendants are 
given in the Owen history. 

*Hannah Allen, married Henry Howard. 

■'Isabella Allen, married Thomas Owen, her cousin ; 
their line is given above. 

^Frances Allen. 

*Nancy Allen, married a Mr. Howai-d. 

*Mildred Allen, married a Mr. Berrv. 



The following uotes were made from "Virginia 
Caroloram," by E. D. Neil (pnblished by Munsel & Co.) 

"In a list of Virginia members of the House of Bur- 
gesses for 1658 and 1659 is the name of Capt. Thomas 
Goodwyn, from upper Norfolk County, Virginia, page 
266; also persons appointed to press men and horses 
into service for the protection of the frontier in 1676, 
was one Col. Thomas Goodwyn." 

Samuel Goodwyn died in 1775, in Granville Coimty, 
North Carolina, and left one son, Samuel. 

'Benjamin Goodwyn, of Virginia, married a Miss 
Allen (one Benjamin Goodwyn was pastor of St. James 
Episcopal Church in eastern Virginia in 1710. I do 
not know that he was the one above mentioned. 
See Meade's "History of Virginia'') . They had two chil- 
dren, namely: ^Samuel, born about 3748, and -Lemuel 
Goodwyn, bora in Halifax County, North Carolina, in 
1752. They may have had other children. 

^Samuel GoodwjTi married Keziah Tatum, daughter 
of John Tatum. They had one son : ^Samuel Goodw^'n, 
Jr. -Samuel Goodwyn, Sr.'s, will was probated Febru- 
ary, 1775, in Granville County, North Carolina, and is 
now on record there. His father-in-law, John Tatum, 
and younger brother, ^Lemuel GoodwjTi, were made his 
executors; his son, ^Samuel Goodwyn, Jr., who was 
quite young when his father died, was reared by his 
mother's brother, Robert Tatum, a merchant of Hicks- 
boro, Va. When a youth, ^Samuel Goodwin went to 
Fayetteville, N. C, and engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness. He prospered, became a wealthy merchant, mar- 
ried a Miss Dake, and had two sons, namely: ^Robert 
and ^William Goodwyn. ''William died unmarried. 

^Samuel Goodwvn was a member of the North Carci 
lina Legislature of 1807 and 1808. ( See Wheeler's Hif 
torv of North Carolina, Part 2, p. 26). He was afte 


wards State Comptroller of the Currency. Upon the 
death of his first wife he married Kebecca E. Jelks. 
They had one daughter, *Maria Goodwyn, who married 
a Mr. Jones, and they had a son, ^William M. Jones, of 
No. lOG Sycamore Street, Petersburg, Va. 

-Lemuel Goodwyn, son of ^Benjamin Goodwyn and 
Allen, was born in Halifax County, North Caro- 
lina, in 3 752, and was living there in April. 1770, at 
which time he enlisted in the Continental Army, lie 
was Sergeant in Captain Allen's company (perhaps a 
relation of his mother's) in the First North Carolina 
Regiment. It was afterwards commanded by Captain 
Thompson, until 1777, when he was honorably dis- 
charged at Wilmington, N. C. He was at Charle^stown, 
S. C, when Fort Moultrie Avas attacked by the British, 
his company being stationed at Haddrells Point in view 
of the action. Afterwards, when the British Army, 
under Cornwallis, passed through North Carolina, he 
performed a tour of service as guard to the General 
As.sembly when it was in session at Wake Court House. 
See Uecords in Pension Office at Washington, D. C. 

-Lemuel Goodwin married ^Frances Amis (daughter 
of John Amis and his wife, ^Mary Dillard). They had 
two daughters, namely : ^Mary and ^Frances Goodwin. 

^Mary Amis Goodwin, bom January 30, 1787, was 
married December 17, 1S12, to Dr. *John Owen. He 
was born August 31, 1787. Their descendants have been 
given in the Owen history. 

^Frances Amis Goodwin was born December 4, 1789; 
married Maurice Smith in June, 1814. They had five 
children, as follows: *Mary, ^Su.san, *Rebecca, ^William 
and ''Benjamin. 

*Mary Smith married her cousin, Richard Smith, they 
had eight children, namely : 'Pensie, married Thomas 
Long; "^Fanny; ''William, married Josie Scott; they 
live at Onnond P. O., North Carolina; 'Anne, married 
William Rainey ; ''Mary, lives as Ormond P. O.. Caswell 
County, N. C. ; ^Robert H., lives at Scottsboro, Ky. ; 
"Rebecca; 'John, married Anne Long, and they had 
eight children, namelv: ^Richmond, ^Ormond, *Helcn, 
^'Lily. «Frank, "Robert, "Conner and "Mary Smith, of 
Greensboro, N. C. 


*Snsan Smith and James Patillo, her husband, had 
three cliildren, namely: 'James I'atillo, married J. Kow- 
land; they had three children, namely: "James, "Anne 
and ''Ixowland Patillo. 'Susan Patillo, married George 
Smith; they have four children, namely: "Anne, «Rob- 
ert, ^Fanny and ^George Smith. ^Mary Fatillo was 
never married. In 1808 she was living in Fordyce, Ark., 
with her aged molher. Mrs. 'Susan Smith I'atillo. 

^liebecca Smith married Benjamin Tharp. They had 
two children: '^Lucy, married I>ewis Smith; ^Molly 
Tharp, married Kichard Smith. 

*William Smith married Isabella Green; they had 

five children, namely : 'Maurice, married —; he 

is a wholesale tobacco merchant of Richmond, 
Va. (1899). 'Anne, married Dr. Clifton; 'Lewis, of 
Oxford, N. C, married Lucy Tharp; "^Mary, married a 
Mr. Persons, of Texarkana, Texas, and 'Richard Smith, 
married Molly Tharp. 

^Benjamin Smith married Anne W. Smith. Their 
twelve children are: 'James, married Sally Hunt; 
'Fanny, married Mr. Butler; 'Mary, married H. A. 
Tillette, a lawj'er of Abilene, Texas; 'Maurice and 
'William, died young; 'George, 'Thomas, 'Sanmel, 
'Anne, 'Susan, 'Sarah and "Amy Smith. 



"Amis. — Tboiiias Amis, or Aiuy, was a Cacique in the 
Colon3' of South Carolina in the year 1G82 ; he was a Land- 
grave in the same Colony in the year 1G97. 

"The nobility of the Colony were composed first of Land- 
graves, and second of the Caciques. 

"The charter granted by the Crown to the proprietors au- 
tliorized the establishment of a nobility in the Pi'ovince or 
Colony, but required that those composing it should be se- 
lected from the inhabitants of the Colony. 

"The famous 'Fundamental Constitution' of the Colony, 
written by the philosopher Locke, provided for this nobility 
in Article IX, as follows: 'There shall be just as many 
Landgraves as there are couuties, and twice as many Caciques, 
and no more. These shall be hereditary nobility of the 
provinces, &c.' The requirements that the nobility be se- 
lected from the inhabitants of the Colony was not always ob- 
served, for some of those selected were residents of England 
or of other Colonies." 

The above is from "South Carolina Under Proprietary 
Government," by Edward McCrady. 

There was a settlement of ITu^enots on the James 
Eiver, in Virginia, called Manakin Towti. It was ^t- 
tled some time in the early part of the eighteenth cen- 
tury, and among them was the family of Amis. It is 
supposed that this family left France at the time there 
was such a great exodus of the best citizens of that 
country, just after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantz, 
but some years previous to tliis time there was a family 
of Amis in South Carolina. 

Ix)uis Amis, according to our first records, lived in 
Virginia during the Colonial times. He had three sons. 
22 (337) 


One or two of tlieiii moved to North Carolina; one 
Thomas Amis i-emaiued in Virginia, and Amisvillo, 
Eappaliannock County, waa founded by liim, and called 
by his name. His sou, Tliomas Amis, was born at this 
place. He left two daughtei-s, namely: Mrs. Mohn 
Green (Annie Amis), of 1012 Third Street, Louisville, 
Ky., and Mrs. *I^onard G. Quinliu (Mary Amis), IS 
East Twenty-fourth Street, New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. ^William Layman, of St. Helena, Cal., says her 
father, ^Thomas Amis, of North Carolina, told her that 
the family were Huguenots, who left France, going first 
to the French West India islands, then to Virginia, and 
that the name was Ami6, not Amis, as it was afterward 
spelled in America. Another member of this family 
says that the family tradition has always been that 
upon leaving France, just after the Revocation of the 
Edict of Nantz, the family sailed for the Barbadoes, 
and remained there only a short time; then went to the 
Colony of Virginia, and settled in Rappahannock 
County, establishing themselves in a home, and called 
the settlement Amisville. 

The first ones on record are three i>ersous, two broth- 
ers and their sister, ^Thomas, ^Frances and ^John Amis. 

Mohn Amis married ^Mary Dillard. They had five 
children, as follows: -Thomas, -William, -Rebecca, 
^Anne and -Frances Amis. 

^Thomas Amis married Alice Gayle. His name is the 
first in the list of the first class that was graduated 
from Chai)el Hill University, North Carolina, this being 
one of the oldest universities in the United States. He 
was in the Third North Carolina Regiment in the Con- 
tinental Army, December, 1776. He was also a delegate 
to the North Carolina Constitutional Convention from 
Halifax County. See North Carolina State Records, 
and SafTell's ''Register of Soldiei-s of the Revolution of 
1776." They had .seven childi-en, namely : ^Mary, "Will- 
iam, 'Alice, ^Frances, 'Rachel and two daughters, names 
not kno\Mi. 'William Amis married and left a family. 
'Mary Amis married Joseph Rogers, the founder of the 
to^^'n of Rogersville, Tenn. They were married in 1785, 
then came to East Tennessee, which was at that time the 
western porti'^ j of North Carolina. She died at Rogers- 


ville, Tenn., in 1833. They left descendants. "- 

Amis married a Mr. Haynes. * Amis married a 

Mr. Armstrong. Trances Amis married a Mr. Lamiiton. 
*Eachel Amis married a Mr. Hagan. ^Alice (called 
Ailsie) Amis married John Gordon. They had eight 
children, namely: ^James, *Nancy, ^William', ^Harrison, 
*Frank, ^Polly,' ''\A'ylie and Tanny Gordon. ".James 
married Harriet Moores. "Nancy married William B. 
Moores, of Carthage, Tenn., being his first wife. "Will- 
iam married Betsy Harper; issue: ^ Julia, married a 
Mr. Sargent, of Wa.shington, D. C, and other children 
who lived in Louisiana and left families. ^Harrison 
Gordon married Mary Harper; issue: "Alice Gordon, 
married Capt. E. S. Williams, of Troy, Ohio; issue: 
"Olive Williams. "Frank Gordon married Rhoda 
Moores, first; his second wife was Kitty Moore; he 
had two daughters, namely: "Rhoda Gordon, married 
Cloud Smilh, of Watertown, Tenn.; ''Tabitha Gordon, 
married Alex. McCall, of Rome, Tenn. The above- 
named Dr. *Frank Gordon was an eminent physician 
and educator in his community — Smith County, Ten- 
nessee. He was president of Clinton College, after the 
death of its first president, Peter Hubbard. "Polly 
Gordon married James Wallace; they had two children, 
a "son and a daughter, "Antoinette Wallace, who mar- 
ried Rev. Dr. McPheeters, and lived in Texas. "Wylie 
Gordon married a Miss Russworm, from near Murfrees- 
boro, Tenn. They left children. "Fanny Gordon 
married John Bowen ; they had three children, namely : 
"John Bowen, killed while sei-ving in the Confederate 
Army; "Mary Bowen, married John Aust; they have 
four children, namely: *Lula, married a Mr. Harj>er; 
issue :' ^Earl and ^Estelle Harper ; "John R. Aust IV, an 
attorney of Na.shville, Tenn., married Daisy Oliver; 
they have one son, ^John R. Aust V; "Carrie, 
married a Mr. Kuntz; they have five ^children ; "Willie 
Aust married a Mr. Fisher, of Carthage, Tenn. ; issue : 

^Mary and ^ Fisher. "Mildred Bowen married 

John Gold, of Gordonsville, Tenn. She left three chil- 
dren, namely: "Frances, married Rev. Mr. Prewitt, of 
Gordonsville; "Mamie and "Elsie Gold are unmarried, 
and live at Gordonsville, Tenn. 


-William Amis, son of Molin Amis and ^^faI•J Dillard, 
his wife, married his first cousin, -Susan Welborne. He 
was a soldier in the Continental Army, being in the 
Third North Carolina Eegiment, in the Commissary 
Department, See SafTell's "Register of Soldiers of the 
Continental Army," also State Records. They had three 
children, namely: 'John, ^Mary and ' Amis. 

^John Amis married l?etsy Bynum. They had four 
children, namely: nVilliam, *Mary, ^Junius and 
*Thomas Amis. *WilIiam Amis died unmarried; 
■•Junius Amis married Henrietta Hawkins; they left one 
daughter and two sons, namely: '*Anne, married a Mr. 
Murdock; '^Emmett, married Fanny Peterkin, and 
^Bynum Amis, married Rose Dancy; they had two 
children, namely : *Anne and ®Bynum Amis. ^Thomas 
Amis married Sarah Davis. He died in California in 
1886. His daughter, "^Sarah Amis, married, first, a Mr. 
Nowland; second, William Layman; issue: ^James, 
^Theodore and ^William Layman. They were living at 
St. Helena, Cal., in 1897. Another daughter of *Thomas 
Amis and Sarah Davis, his wife, was ''Mary E. Amis, 
who married Joseph Hooper, of St. Helena, Cal. Their 
children are: ^Ethel and ^Elizabeth Hooper. ■'Mary 
Amis (daughter of 'John Amis and Betsy Bjjntium, his 
wife), married S. F. Butterworth, of New York City; 
issue: two daughters, namely: ^Cora, married James 
Pringle; their children are: ^Henry and ^James Prin- 
gle; ^Blanche Butterworth, married Louis T. Haggin, 
of Lexington, Ky. ; issue: ^Elia Haggin, married Ck)unt 
yesletter.' '"'• - - ' '- ''' ■^^'^•"'' ^'/ ^^ ■" '/ '• " "^^ •^^< 

'Mary Amis (daughter of ^William Amis and Susan 
Welborne, his wife) married Lemuel Long. They had 
four children, namely : *John, *Nicholas, *Luusford and 
*Martha Long. *John Long married Mildred Williams; 

issue: °Ellen, ' and "^John Long. "^Ellen Long 

married General Daniel. He was killed in the Confed- 
erate Army. ' Long married a Mr. Fanchette; 

issue: ' Fanchette. "John Long married , 

and had 'two children. ^Nicholas Long married 

Kearney, and had five children, namely : "Sally, married 
a Mr. Prescott; "Emily, married a Mr. Gooch; "Mary, 
married a Mr. Hill, of North Carolina; no issue. The 


names of the two sons are not known. ''Martha Long 
married a Mr. Bond. 

^Anne Amis (daughter of ^John and ^>rary Dillard 
Amis) married a Mr. Shipman ; they had two daughters, 
namely: ^Frances and ^\nne Shipman. 

^Rebecca Amis (daughter of Mohn and ^Mary Dil- 
lard Amis) married a Mr. Wel)b. They had three chil- 
dren, namely: ^Mary. married a Mr. Gee ; ''IJcbecca, 
married a Mr. Lassiter, and ^\nne Webb, married John 
Gray, all of North Carolina. 

^Frances (daughter of ^John and ^Mary Dillard 
Amis) married ^Lemuel Goodwin, of North Carolina. 
They had only two children, namely: ^Mary Amis 
Goodwin and ^Frances Amis Goodwin. ^Mary married 
Dr. John Owen, and ^Frances married Rev. Maurice 
Smith, all of North Carolina. lines have been 
given in the Goodwin and Owen sketches in the forego- 
ing pages. 

I will now give the descendants of ^Thomas and 
^Frances Amis, brother and sister of the above-named 
^John Amis. 

^Thomas Amis married . They had two 

children, namely : 

^Thomas Amis, never married. 

^Mary Amis, married Richard Benneham. They had 
two children, namely: ^Thomas, never married; ^Re- 
becca Beneham, married Judge Duncan Cameron, a 
leading lawyer and jurist of Raleigh, N. C. Judge 
Cameron was the son of an Episcopal clergyman, who 
lived at Petersburg, Va., and was at one time rector of 
Old Blandford Church, one of the oldest Colonial 
churches. They had eight children, as follows: *Mar- 
garet, *Paul, ^Mary, *Jean, *Rebecca, *Anne Owen, 
^Thomas and ^Mildred Cameron. ♦Margaret Cameron 
married George Mordecai. Only one of Judge 
Cameron's eight children left issue. *Paul Cameron 
married Anne Ruffin : they had eight children, 
all of whom lived in North Carolina. He died in Jan- 
uary, 1891. nis wife survived him several years. Their 
children were: ''Reliecca Cameron, married, fir!?t, Mr. 
Anderson; second. Maj. John Grahanie; they had six 
children, namely: ''Paul, 'George, "William. "Isabel and 


'Joseph Anderson and °Anue Grahame. ^\nue Cam- 
eron nian-icd Major Collins; their children wei-e: 
®Anne, married a Mr. Wall; "Jicbecca, married a Mr. 
Wood; ^George, ''Henrietta, «Marj, "Arthur and "Paul 
C. Collins. °Marj Amis Cameron died in youth. ^Mar- 
garet Cameron married Captain Peebles; they had one 
daughter, "Anne Peebles. ^Duncan Cameron married a 
Miss Short; they had three daughters. =^Mildred Cam- 
ercm; ^Pauline Cameron, married W. B. Shepold; they 
had one daughter. ^Beneham Cameron married a Miss 
Mayo; they had one child, "Paul Cameron ; they live at 
Stageville, N. C. 

^Frances Amis (sister to ^Thomas and ^John Amis) 
married a Mr. Welborne. They had two childi-en, 
namely : ^Susan and ^Tempe. 

^Susan Welborae married her first cousin, ^William 
Amis. Their descendants are given in the foregoing 

^Tempe Welborne married, but the name of her hus- 
band is not know. This record is given as far as I can 
obtain data at present. 

The family crest of the Amis families of Virginia and 
North Carolina is a "Square Collegiate Cap." Mrs. Strother. 
of North Carolina, a sister of John and Thomas Aiiiis, owued 
the family seal with the crest on it. 

Amis. A square collegiate cap sa. 


For several ceuturies the Pikher family has lived 
in Wales and England. The records show that the 
family was known there as early as 1520, and men 
of the name are now living in London and Liverpool, 
and among them are men of prominence and ability. 

It would be interesting to deal at some length with 
the history of the family in England and \Yales, but 
inasmuch "as the connecting link between English or 
Welsh ancestors and the founders of the family in 
America has not been found, that does not fall within 
the scope of this sketch. 

The founders of the family in America are said to 
have been four brothers, who came from Wales to Vir- 
ginia in the early part of the eighteenth century. Dili- 
gent search has so far failed to disclose any record 


344 nisTORicAL sketches. 

evideuce of the exact date of their arrival in Virginia, 
where they first settled, but that they came from Wales 
about the time mentioned, and that the founders of the 
family were four brothei-s are matters of tradition, gen- 
erally accepted by the several brandies of the family. 
It is also asserted that the name of the father of the 
four brolhere was Richard Pilcher. 

Beginning with the four brothers one hundred and 
seventy or eighty years ago, the natural result is thar 
there are many of their descendants who are scattered 
throughout the country, mainly in the Southern, West- 
ern and Northwestern States. Not only are the different 
branches of the family widely scattered throughout the 
country, but the members of given branches are in many 
instances widely scattered. The result of this is that 
in many localities there are those of the name whose 
kinship cannot be stated without greater research than 
this writer has been able to bestow. In some of the 
branches of the family the idea prevails that the four 
brothers came from England. However, in the main, it 
is accepted as a fact that they came from Wales. 

This writer has been unable to find evidence of the 
connecting links between the several branches of the 
family in the United States that have sprung from the 
original founders, but it is definitely known that there 
are several families of the name in the United States 
that are not descended from any one of the four broth- 
ers, l^ecause the founders of those branches came to the 
United States at much later dates. 

The names of the four brothers (if there were 
four who founded the family) are not positively 
knoNMi. The ancestor of the branch referred to in 
this sketch was Eobert Pilcher. It is said that 
two of the four brothers were John and Benjamin. 
In a letter written April 18, 1885, by Rev. Archibald 
Mossman Pilcher, a Methodist minister of Eau Claire, 
W^is., it is stated that John and Benjamin were 
two of the brothers, and that this information was 
gotten from his uncle, Jeptha Pilcher, who was bora 
at Tx^xington, Ky. The progenitor of one of the fam- 
ilies was Caleb Pilcher. 

Robert Pilchkb.— The date of the birth of 'Robert 


Pilcher is ouly approximately kiio^NTi. His grand- 
son, •''Eobert Pilclier, who died iu 1S28, in York J3istrict, 
South Carolina, was born in the year 1758. If it be 
assumed tliat -James Pilcher, the father of ^Eobert 
Pilcher, was twenty-five years of age at the date of Uie 
birth of ^Robert Pilcher, then this James Pilcher was 
born in 1733. And if it be assumed that ^Robert 
Pilcher, the father of this -James Pikher. was twenty- 
five years old at the birth of -James Pilcher, then 
^Robert Pilcher was born about the year 1708. There- 
fore, it is assumed that ^Robert Pilcher was bom in 
Wales about the year 1708. 

'Rottert Pilcher married Pho-be Chapman. The 
names of his brothers are not known, unless it be, as 
stated by Rev. A. M. Pilcher, of Eau Claire, Wisconsin, 
that two of the four brothers were ^Benjamin and Mohn 
Pilcher, and, as stated by Mr. Nathan Selby Pilcher, of 
Omio, Jewell County, Kansas, who was born in Athens 
County, Ohio, in 1808, that his great-grandfather was 
Caleb Pilcher, of Virginia. 

^Robert Pilcher must have lived in Culpeper County, 
Virginia, about the year 1733, as it is known that ^James 
Pilcher, his son, was born in that county. He must 
have continued to live in Culpei)er County, Virginia, 
until after 1758, Ixicause it is kno^\^l that his grandson, 
'Robert Pilcher, the son of ^James Pilcher, was born in 
that county. After 1758, and prior to the Revolutionary 
War, ^Robert Pilcher, and his son, == James Pilcher, 
moved from Culpeper County, Virginia, to Yadkin 
County, North Carolina. He lived the balance of his 
life in that county, and was buried there in the old 
"Pilcher Graveyard." 

Place of Settlemknt. — It is a matter of definite 
statement in that branch of the family to which Dr. 
Louis Stephen Pilcher, (1909) of Brooklyn, New 
York, belongs, that the original foimders, brothers, 
first settled in Dumfries, Prince William County, Vir- 
ginia. It is also said that one of the four brothers 
afterwards settled in Maryland. There is little doubt 
that this one was ^Robert Pilcher, because it is stated 
by Mrs. "Charity Pilcher Scott, a great-granddaughter 
of ^Rotei-t Pilcher, who in 1890, at the age of ninety 

346 insroRKWL smyn/n.'s. 

years, was liviiifJi: in llio full possession of a good mem- 
ory, that lier great grandfather, ^Kobert Pilcher, lived 
in Maryland at one time. About what year he returned 
to Virginia and settled in Culixjpcr County, is not 
known, but doul)tless that was prior to 1733, because 
his son, -James Pikher, as stated above, was born in 
Culi)eix^r County about that time. The maiden name 
of tlio wife of 'liobert Pilcher was IMnrlje Chapman, and 
although it is jirobable he had a number of children, the 
name nf only one is known to the writer of this sketch, 
namely: -James Pilcher, who married Pho-be Fielding. 
^Jame.s Pilcher was born in Culixiper County, Virginia, 
about the year 1733. He was reared there, and married 
Pha^be Fielding in that county. At least one of his 
children ('Rol>ei't Pilcher) was born there, in 1758. He 
(-James Pilcher) afterwards removed to North Caro- 
lina, and settled within fifty or sixty miles of Tar- 
borough, Mhcre he died. ^Mrs. Rebecca Mildred Pilcher 
Collins, a great-granddaughter of ^James Pilcher 
and his wife, Phrebe Fielding Pilcher, at the age of 
seventy-two years, was living in Mississippi, in 1885, in 
the possession of a strong, clear memory. She remem- 
bered distinctly seeing in her youth the portrait of her 
great-grandmother, Phopbe Fielding Pilcher, hanging in 
a hall near a stairway in the home of her grandfather, 
^Robert Pilcher, in York District, South Carolina. 
This portrait made a profound impression upon her 
youthful mind, because in those days portraits were 
uncommon, and usually were painted only of persons of 
importance. 'Mrs. Collins also rememl)ered pronounc- 
ing her great-grandraother's given name, Phoebe, incor- 
rectly, and of l)eing corrected in the pronunciation. 
After the marriage of ^Robert Pilcher to Eunice Bowen, 
in 1780, and before the birth of their eldest child, Mohn 
Pilcher, they ('Robert Pilcher and his wife, Eunice 
Bowen Pilcher) rode on horseback from their then 
home on Pedee River, near Tarborough, some tifty or 
sixty miles, upon a visit to his father and mother, 
Mames and Pha^be Fielding Pilcher. ''Mrs. Collins did 
not know the dates of the deaths of ^James and Phcebe 
Fielding Pilcher, but she knew that they died prior to 
her birth, which occurred in 1813. 


The children of -James Pilcher and his wife, Phoebe 
Fielding Pilcher, as far as known to this writer, were: 
^Kol)ert, TJanielj-'Mary and ^James Pilcher. 

^Kobert Pilcher, the eldest son of -James Pilcher, 
was born in Culi)ei>er County, Virginia, in 1758. 
In 17S0, he married Eunice Bowen. ^Mrs. Collins (men- 
tioned above) thought this marriage took place in 
Vii-ginia. They removed to North Carolina, and lived 
on I'edee Kiver. ^l\ol)ert Pilcher, a man of fair 
complexion, was very active and energetic. For the 
time in which he lived, his residence, and the improve 
meat of his plantation Avcre pretentious, and his mode 
of living was bountiful. lie was an austere man, and 
was known for his strict rule over his children. In his 
young manhood he was a soldier in the Revolutionary 
War, and was in many battles. ''Mi-s. Collins remem- 
bered hearing her grandmother, Eunice Bowen Pilcher, 
speak of the pei-.^secutions and trials they suffered at the 
hands of the British soldiers, who overran that part of 
the country for a long time. Upon one occasion, ^Robert 
Pilcher visited his home to see his fajnily. His wife, 
being anxious for his safety, sat up and watched while 
be slept, and in the night the British soldiers came to 
search for him. She gave the alarm on their approach, 
when he cscaj)ed. She heard several .shots of the sol- 
diers, who pursued, and feared her husband had been 
killed. She searched the woods and fields for days 
afterwards, fearing to find his dead body; and it was 
several weeks before she learned of his safe escajx?. 

^Robert Pilcher was in the battle of Kings Mountain, 
in which his horse was shot. The bullet remained just 
under the horse's skin, without injury to the aninuil, 
and when riding the horse he could place his hand on 
the bullet and feel it. 

^Robert Pilcher's house, in York District, South 
Carolina, was of frame, built on brick pillars, and on 
one occasion, when ''Mi-s. Collins was a child, Indians 
came into the yard and frightened her so greatly that 
she ran under the house to hide from them. She never 
forgot their appearance. They were friendly Indians, 
however, who came to the white settlements for the 
purpose of barter and trade. 


^Kobei't Pilclier died in 1828, and was buried in what 
was known as tbe Smith's Graveyard, located about a 
half mile from where Salem Church, on Broad Eiver, 
then stood, and now remains. This church is on the 
west side of the river, in Union District, and Smith's 
Graveyard is on the east side, in York District. 

^Eobert Pilcher's widow, Eunice Bowen Pilcher, sur- 
vived her husband some twenty-one years, livinj? to an 
extreme old age. About 184:f or 1814, she visited her 
son, *John Pilcher, after his removal to Mississippi, but 
returned to her home in South Carolina, where she died. 
She was buried at Bullock's Creek Church, in York 
District, South Carolina. 

*John Pilcher, the eldest child of ^Eobert Pilcher 
and Eunice Bowen Pilcher, was boni in North 
Carolina, :^rarch 1, 1781. In 1806, in York Dis- 
trict, South Carolina, he was married to Elizabeth 
Edwards Taliaferro, daughter of Richard Taliaferro, a 
captain in the army of the Revolutionary War, and of 
his wife, Mildred Powell Taliaferro, of Amherst County, 
Virginia, later of York District, South Carolina. 'John 
Pilcher and his wife, Elizabeth Edwards Taliaferro, 
lived in South Carolina until 183G, when they removed 
to Choctaw County, Mississippi, one of their children, 
Mrs. Collins, removing with them. He died there on 
February 4, 1851, loved and respected by all. His body 
was buried in the church yard at Lebanon, a Presbyte- 
rian church three miles north of Ackerman, the present 
(1910) county seat of Choctaw County, ]\rissi.«sippi. A 
few weeks after *John Pilcher settled in Mississippi, in 
1836, his little grandchild, the daughter of Mrs. '*Re- 
becca M. Collins, died. As there was no burying ground 
in the vicinity, he selected a beautiful spot within 
less than half a mile from his residence, and buried the 
child there, with the remark that he would establish a 
Presbyterian church there. Accordingly, in the year 
1838, a church was established there. For a consider- 
able time it was called 'Tilcher's Church." Later it 
was named "Lebanon," and it beare that name to this 
day. The house of *John Pilcher, built in 1836, still 
stands in sight of Lebanon Church. 

*John Pilcher was a ruling elder of that church from 


its organization until his death. Hiswifcwas a cultui-ed 
woman of the best type. She was strong in body and 
mind. Those in distress and in need of as.sistance 
turned to her, and she was ever ready to help. She died 
at French Camp, Miss., in 1855, and was buried beside 
her husband in the old graveyard at I^banon Church, 
which he established, within sight of which they lived 
for so many years. She ruled her home with gentle 
grace and quiet dignity; and in those days of slavery 
she was a constant source of good to all over whom she 
ruled. She was tall, handsome and commanding in 
appearance, and easily the dominating personality in 
the entire circle of her acquaintances. 

*Dixou Green Pilcher, brother of *John Pilcher, was 
born in 1783. He died in young manhood. He was 
long remembered as a strong, extremely handsome and 
good man. 

^Elizabeth Pilcher, sister of *John and ^Dixon Green 
Pilcher, was bom in 1790. She mari-ied a Mr. Wilson ; 
they had one son, -''William Wilson, who married Eliza- 
beth Perry, and they had one son, ®PiObert Perry Wilson, 
who died without issue. 

An extended sketch of tiie family of ^Eunice 
Bowen, the wife of ^Robert Pilcher, is not at- 
tempted here. One of her brothers was 'Samuel 
Bowen, who had a son, 'James Bowen, who was only a 
few years older than his first cousin, "John Pilcher. 
Th is *^ James Bowen moved from South Carolina to the 
same neighborhood in which *John Pilcher lived, and 
died there only a year or two prior to the death of *John 

'James Bowen, a man of great energy, was very 
successful as a cotton planter. He was noted for 
his care and skill in the management of his slaves, 
the preservation of their health, the liberty he allowed 
them in producing some crops of their own. and for 
the magnitude of the crops of cotton they (his slaves) 
produced for their humane and careful master. 

In this connection it should be stated that 'James 
Bowen, ''John Pilcher, and the latter's son, ''Dixon Green 
Pilcher, were devout Presbyterians and gave scrupulous 
attention and care to the morals and honesty of their 


slaves, nnd saw to it that they should have religious 
training. Comfortable accommodations were prepared 
iu church for all the slaves who would attend services 
with their masters, and all who so desii'ed were encour- 
aged to have churches of their own. No member of the 
Pilcher family was ever kno^Mi to have a "runaway 
slave,'' and corporal punishment of one of their adnlt 
slaves was abhorrent to them, and was never allowed. 
On the side of the slaves there was no instance of un- 
faithfulness, and there could not liave been more loyal, 
faithful protectors of the families of the whites, men, 
women, girls and boys, than were the slaves that be- 
longed to these men. 

^James Bowen had seven children, namely : ^William, 
*Eunice, ^James, *Seth, *SaraJi, ^Edith and ^Nancy 
Bowen. *William Bowen married and had one daugh- 
ter, ^Kate, who married Dr. Graham, and removed many 
years ago to Hot Springs, Ark. *James and *Seth 
Bowen married, and both removed to Texas. * Sarah 
Bowen married James Love, and they had five children, 
namely: °J. Edwin, ^Elizabeth, ^William, ^Mary and 
''Kate Love. ^J. Edwin Love married a Miss Robertson, 
and died a few years ago in Octibbeha County, Missis- 
sippi, leaving a large family. ^Elizabeth Love married 
a Mr. Thompson, and left no issue. ^William Love 
married, but the writer has no record of his family. 
''Mary Love married Elisha Hillier, and they had a large 
family, the eldest child, a daughter, being named ^Jaraes 
Stuart. ^Kate Love married a Mr. Drane, and had a 
number of children. *Edith Bowen married William 
Fair, and they had three childi*en, namely. 'John, 
"Columbus and "Nancy. "John Fair married a Miss 
Love, and had children. "Columbus Fair married Mai'y 
Thomas and had children. "Nancy Fair married Will- 
iam J. Houston, and had one son, 'Victor Houston. 

^Eunice Bowen, great niece of =^Eunice Bowen, who 
married "Robert Pilcher, married William Love, a 
brother of James Love, who married her sister, *Sarah. 
They had three sons, namely: "Elihu, "John and "Rob- 
ert, and two daughters, "Mary and "Kate. All of these 
married. "Mary married William Hallum and 
moved to Texas about 1867. "Kate married Dr. James 
McGovern, and she now lives at Ackerman, Miss. 


The families of James and William Love were sub- 
stantial, well-to-do i)eople, and were Iionorcd and re- 
spected by all. Jfunes and William Love, the heads of 
the respective families, were boOi ruling elders of the 
old I^.banon Presbyterian Cluirch for many years. 
They lived to a ripe old age, and were buried there in 
the church yard Avhere *John Pilcher and his sons, 
'^Dixon Green Pilcher and ^Williams Pikher were 

*John Pilcher and his wife, Elizabeth Edwards 
Taliaferro, had six children, namely: "Dixon Green, 
''Rebecca ^fildred, ^Williajns, "Isabella, "Taliaferro and 
"Davis Pikher. The last three died young and without 
issue. They were buried in the graveyard at Bullocks 
Creek Presbyterian Church, in York District, South 

"Dixon Gi-een Pilcher was born in Chester District, 
South Carolina, March 29, 1808. He was married on 
December 24, 1830, to Jane Hope Carothers, in Union 
District, South Carolina. She was born in Union Dis- 
trict, South Carolina, July 25, 1811. Two of their 
children were bora in South Carolina. Some years 
after their marriage they removed to Alabama, and 
settled in Eutaw. He purchased the first brick resi- 
dence ever built in Eutaw. Some yeai-s after this pur- 
chase it develoi)ed that the title to the property 
was invalid. He then removed to Mississippi and 
settled in the neighborhood to which his father, 
*John Pilcher, had previously gone. Later in life he 
purchased lands on the headwaters of Poplar Creek, 
and built his re^ence two miles north of French Camp, 
near the prese^^ line between Choctaw and Mont- 
gomery Counties, Mississippi. "Dixon Green Pilcher 
was a man of great moral worth and strength of char- 
acter. He was one of the ruling eldei*s of T^banon 
Presbyterian Church, and for a long time was clerk of 
the session. After he took up his residence near French 
Camp he became a ruling elder in the Presbyterian 
Church there, and so continued until his death, June 
26, 1862. 

He was above the medium in size, being six feet in 
height. He was a handsome man. His massive head 


and broad forehead and dignified bearing rendered him 
notable in any gathering. He was of nnusually robnst 
constitution, and bade fair to reach an advanced age, 
but died of typhoid fever when fifty-four years of age. 
Although he was quiet and dignified in manner, yet he 
was afl'able and easy of approach. He was the soul of 
honor, and his w^ord carried weight wherever he was 
known. While of a serious turn of mind, he had a deep 
vein of humor, and was inimitable in his power of anec- 
dote. His fund of anecdote was drawn mainly from 
his own personal experience and observation; and his 
effectiveness in this line was intensified by the peculiar 
ity that he never smiled at his own stories, even when 
his listeners were convulsed with laughter. 

He was a public-spirited man ; especially in meas- 
ures for the advancement of all religious matters. He 
was most noted for his unostentatious piety, his sound 
judgment, his justice towards all, his gentleness and 
strength with his family, and his humane treatment of 
his slaves. He w^as idolized by his children, and his 
word was gladly received by them as law. His slaves 
regarded his kindness and justice as without limit. 
They were free to make known to him every want, 
whether in sickness or in health, and they never applied 
to him in vain. His simplest word was all that was 
necessary as a command. 

In his conduct towards his slaves, the remarkable fact 
was, that in their illness, he not only commanded the 
best obtainable medical skill, but he gave every case 
close personal attention. As an illustration of this, on 
one occasion, one of his slaves, a favorite man, was 
seized with pneumonia. The moment it was discovered 
the leading physician in the vicinity was summoned, 
and the slave was taken into his master's house and 
nursed as carefully as if he had been a prince; and this 
was done, not because the sick man was an exceedingly 
valuable slave, but because he was a slave and a man. 
This fact is recorded here, in order to show something 
of the relations which existed between so many masters 
and their slaves in the prosperous and halcyon days of 
Mississippi, when the better class of whites were a virile, 
dominant and prosperous people, and the blacks were 

Mrs. Jane Hope Carothers Pilcher. 

Wife of Dickson Green Pilcher. 


the luippiest aud most i-a])idly uijliftod from barbarism 
to Christian civilization, of any people the world has 
ever known. It is recorded for the further purpose of 
rendering due honor to the memory of ''Dixon Green 
rile her. 

Jane Hope Carothers, wife of '^nixon Green iMlcher, 
was quite as notable as a woman as was her husl»and as 
a man. In this volume is jiivcii a sVdch (if her iamily 
— that is, the Carothers family — and refercMice is here 
made to that sketch. She was the daughter of John 
Carothers, who was a ruling elder in the Presbyterian 
Church at tlie time of the formation of what was known 
as the "Tndei>endent Presbyterian Church."' He was 
one of the leaders in the movement, which resulted in 
the establishment of that church, and one of the 
onicials who assisted in its organization. On her 
mother's side she was descended from the Hope and 
.Ak^^k families, which at that day wei-e prominent fam- 
ilies of South Carolina- 

As already stated, she was born in the year 1811, in 
ITnion District, South Carolina, which district prior to 
the war of 1SG1-G5, was said to have been the richest 
agricultural county, save one, in the United States. Her 
father's plantation was on Broad River, a few miles 
above Pacolett Eiver. Sl»e was reared in attluence, and 
in an air of refinement and culture. From that vicinity 
sprang manv dominent men. who were known through- 
out the nation. She had four brother-s. thi-ee of 
whom wei-e graduates of Princeton; two were dis 
tinguished Presbyterian ministers, another a prom- 
inent educator, and the fourth. Dr. Andrew Meek 
Carothers, was the most eminent physician of liis day 
in his adopted home in Mississippi. She was the idol of 
these four brothers, and fully deserved their admiration 
and devotion. , 

She was under medium height and weight. Her hair 
was soft and dark brown, complexion fair, eyes grey, 
with a blue tint. One of the marked qualities of her 
brothers was an unusually sonorous, mellow and far- 
reaching voice. Her voice was music itself. Her grand- 
father was bom in Scotland, and there was a Scotch 
element in the vicinity in which she was reared; the 

354 rusTOh'icAL sketches. 

consequence was, that she became j)roficient in the 
Scotch dialect. Ilei- ex(niisite pronunciation in reading 
aloud books written in the Scotch dialect was mem- 
orable to any one who ever heard it. She was a woman 
of extensive reading:, and took keen interest in a wide 
range of subjects. She liad a knowledge of the political 
and governmental history of the country. A South 
Carolinian, she liad a irreat admiration' for John C. 
Calhoun. Her discriminating analysis of the charac- 
ters and achievements of the uotal)le men of the nation 
would have done credit to any man of her day. She 
was regarded as the most brilliant conversationalist in 
the region in which she lived. Her most notable quality 
was her interest in and symjtathy with (tthers and their 
affairs, and her readiness to share their joys and sor- 
rows. ITer devotion to her family and her solicitude 
for their welfare were unbounded. To those who were 
dependent upon her she was unselfish to a degree. She 
was sanguine and of an extremely cheerful and happy 
disposition. To crown it all she was an unostentatious, 
earnest, devout and unfaltering Christian. 

"Elizabeth Mary Pilcher, the eldest child of 
■^Dixon Green and Jane Carothers Pilcher, was 
born in York District, South Carolina. She married 
Judge James Thornton Killough, a lawj-er in illssis- 
sippi. They had five children: "'Joanna, "Louise, 
'Charles, ^Jane and "Isabelle Killough. ^Jane died 
when about grown, and 'Charles died in infancy. 
'Louise married James M. Spencer, D.D., a Presbyterian 
minister. They live in Lexington, Ky. 'Joanna Kil- 
lough also lives in Tvexington. 'Isabelle Killough mar- 
ried Judge J. W. Bonner, a lawyer of Nashville, Tenn., 
where they now reside. 

*Isal)el]a Taliaferro Pilcher, the second child of 
"^Dixon Gi*een Pilcher and Jane Carothei-s Pilcher, 
married S. r>eroy Boyd, July 12, 1870. They had four 
children, namely: 'Pearl, 'Mary T>ee, 'Ruby and 'J, 
Percy Boyd. 'Pearl Boyd married J. W. Daniel, a 
lawyer, now of Ackerman, Miss., and they have issue: 
^William Percy, *John C, ^James S., ^Isabella M, and 
^Margaret Daniel. 'Mary Lee Boyd now lives at Acker- 
man, Miss. 'Rub^ Boyd married Polk M. nerudou, of 


Marshall, Texas. They have a daughter, ''Isabella 
neriidon. M. Percy Boyd is a lawyer, and resides in 
South McAlister, Okla. 

One of the children of 'Dixon Green Pilcher and 
Jane Hope Carothers Pilcher died in youth, three in 

^Janies Stiiart Pilcher was horn in Eutaw, Ala., and 
was renicd in Mississip])]. Ho married Mar<;nret Ham- 
ilton Campbell, in Nashville, Tenn., a daughter of Gov. 
William B. Campbell and Frances I, Owen, his wife. 
Their children are: ^Frances Owen, "Stuart Carothers 
and ^^Yilliam Bowen Campbell Pilcher. 

*James Stuart Pilcher was a soldier in the Confed- 
erate States Army, a member of the Vaiden Light 
Artillery, which was organized at Vaiden, Miss. 
He was mustered into the service at Vaiden, and was 
paroled by the Federal authorities May 10, 1805, at 
Meridian, Miss. He was in the siege of Vicksburg in 
18G3, and at the battle at Tui)elo, Miss. 

^Rebecca Mildred Pilcher (daughter of *John Pilcher 
and Elizabeth Edwards Taliaferro, his wife) married 
John Collins in South Carolina. They removed to 
Mis.sissippi in 1836, and for many years lived within 
one mile of Tx^banon Church, and later at French Camp, 
where he died. She died at Ackerman, Miss., Novem- 
ber 5, 1SS6. They were both buried in the graveyard 
at T^ebanon Church, where her father, mother and 
brothei-s were buried. Mr. and Mrs. ''Collins had three 
children, namely: *Jane, ^Eudora and ^Taliaferro Pil- 
cher Collins. 

Mane Collins married Dr. J. W. George. She is now 
a widow and lives at Italy, Texas. She had three chil- 
dren, namely: ^Cherry, 'J, Whitson and ^ohn C. 
George, all of whom now reside in Texas. 

'Eudora Collins married Frank Aston. They re- 
moved from Mississippi to Florida, and reared a large 

"Taliaferro Pilcher Collins married, first, Elizabeth 
Cork. They had three children, namely : ^Laura, Uda 
and ^Hugh Collins. ^Laura married a Mr. Wood. He 
married a second time, and by that marriage had six 
children, namely: ^Penn., ^Tell, ^Mark. ^Ruth, "Coit 
and ^Earl Collins, of Collins, Miss. 


^\Yilliams Piklier, son of *Jolin and Elizabeth E. 
Taliaferro I'ilclier, was born Angnst 5, 181S, in York 
District, South Carolina. He removed with liis father 
to Mississipi)i in ]8.''.G. He married Mary M. Smith, 
near New Trospect, in Winston County, Mississippi, on 
January 2G, 1841. lie died on October 20, 1849, near 
Lebanon Church. His wife died on .May 6, 18GG. Both 
were buried at the old graveyard at Lebanon Church. 
They had five children, namely: *^Sarah Elizabeth, born 

January 23, 1842; «Williara,' born , 184—; 

"John, born September G, 1846; ''Harriet Eebecca, born 
March 15, 1848, and "Mary Williams, born Decembep 
12, 1849. 

"Sarah Elizabeth Pilcher died in W'inston County, 
Mississippi, unmarried. 

"William Pilcher married ^Irs. Wade. They had 
four children, namely: ^Kobert L., ^Sarah E., ''Martha M. 
and 'Eunice Bowen Pilcher. They reside near French 
Camp, Miss. 

"John Pilcher married Margaret R. Black, February 
2, 1876. They have four children, namely: 'Minnie C, 
^john W'illiams, 'Mary Ellen and ''Margaret Jane 
Pilcher. They live near Weir, Winston County, Miss. 

"ITarriet Rebecca Pilcher married Martin V. Black, 
February 9, 1871. They had six children, namely: 
'Mary Ellen, '^Louisa Anna, Mohn ]'^rwin, "Mildred 
Eunice, "Arthur Barksdale and 'Harriet Pilcher Black. 
They live near Weir, Winston County, Miss. 

"Mary Williams Pilcher married Jo.seph C. Robinson, 
January 9, 187G. They had four children, namely: 
'Arazi B., ^John J., 'David I^eRoy and 'Mary Bell Ro'b- 
inson. They reside in Attalla County, Mississippi, near 

Having completed the record of the descendants of 
^Robert Pilcher, a short reference is here made to the 
descendants of his tv\^o brothei-s, ^Daniel and ^ James 

^Daniel Pilcher, one of the sons of -James Pilcher and 
Phfebe Fielding Pilcher, married Susan Murphy. 
They had seven children, namely: *Daniel, Mames, 
^W^illiam, Moseph, *Mary, ^Phoebe and *Charity Pilcher. 

^Daniel Pilcher was probably born in Culpeper 


County, Virginia, Ijccanse his elder brother, ^Robert 
Pilcher, was born there. He died in Yadkin County, 
NortJi Carolina, about the year 18o5, and his wife died 
there in 1830. Both were buried in the ''rilchcr Grave- 
yard," in Yadkin County, near the present home of 
'Alvis Pilcher. 

*DaJuel_inarricd in North Carolina, and about 1824 
or ls2,j jnoved to Jackson County, Missouri. His jjost- 
ofllce was Lone Jack. The name of his wife and 
of his children are not known to the writer. This 
*Daniel Pilcher and his brother ^James, while young 
men, went on a visit to their uncle, ^Robert Pilcher, in 
York District, South Carolina, going on horseback. 
°Mrs. Collins, mentioned above, was then ten or eleven 
years of age, and rememl)ered them distinctly. At the 
date of that visit they were preparing to move to 

*James Pilcher, sou of ^Daniel and Susan Murphy 
Pilcher, married Lydia Cornder. They lived in Yadkin 
County, North Carolina, and had eight children, 
namely : ^Rufus, ^James Enos, ^Cephas, '^Alvis, 'Am- 
brose, ^Amos, 'Eunice and 'Ivouisa. 

'Rufus Pilcher first moved to Cass County, Missouri, 
with his brother, 'James ICnos, and after the death of 
his brother, 'James Enos Pilcher, in 1S50, moved to 
California, where he died. 

'James Enos Pilcher was born in Yadkin County, 
North Carolina. When a young man he and his brother, 
'Rufus (last named above), moved to Cass County, 
Missouri. There he married Mary E. Miller, and died 
in 1850. They had three children, namely: ®Emily, 
'Suzana and "James Pilcher. His widow, Mary E. 
Miller Pilcher, married a second time, and in 1855, 
moved with the three children to Dallas County, Texas, 
where she still lived in 1900. ^Eniily Pilcher, born in 
Cass County, Missouri, married \Villiam Ott, in Texas, 
and in 1900 was a widow, and lived in Dallas County, 
Texas. ®Suzana Pilcher was born in Cass County, 
Missouri, and married Frank Cameron, and in 1900 she 
was a widow and lived at Duncanville. Dallas County, 
Texas. *James Pilcher, son of 'James Enos and Mary 
E. Miller Pilcher. was born in Cass County, Missouri, 


and ill 1855 moved to Texas with his mother and two 
sistei-s. lie married Ellen Brandenburg. In 1000 
they were living in the city of Dallas, Texas. The 
writer of this sketch knows of only one grandchild of 
^James Enos Pilcher, namely : ^Mrs. J. D. ICvans, Ko. 64 
St. George Street, Oak Clifl", Texas, who is the daughter 
of Frank and ''Suzana Pilcher Cameron. 

'■(Vjilins Pilcher was born in Yadkin County, North 
Carolina. He married, lived and died there, and left 
five children, namely: "William, *^Nancy, ''Amos, ''Eliz- 
abeth and "James Pilcher. 

^Alvis Pilcher, son of Mames and Lydia Cornder 
Pilcher, was born in Yadkin County, North Carolina, 
lie still lived there in 1800. He married Millie Phillips, 
and they had eight children, namely: "Caroline Eliz- 
abeth, "Sarah Frances, "Wiley Eugene, "Bennett Alvis, 
"Thomas Williams, "Newton Andrew Cole, "William 
Amos and "Lucy E. Pilcher, "Bennett Alvis Pilcher 
and "Wiley Eugene Pilcher, childi'en of the said "Alvis 
Pilcher, moved from Yadkin County, North Carolina, 
to St. Joseph, Champain County, Illinois. "Wiley 
Eugene Pilcher married Liunie Swain, in St. Joseph, 
111., May 14, 18S0, where he then lived. "Caroline P:]iz- 
abeth Pilcher married Wade Hampton Fulp, in North 
Carolina. With the exception of "Bennett Alvis and 
"Wiley Eugene, "Alvis Pilcher and his children reside 
in Yadkin County, North Carolina, near Cana. 

^William Pilcher married Marian Lakey, and moved 
to Missouri. 

*Joseph Pilcher married Kate McCallum. She had 
one child and died. He moved West, to what place not 

*Mary Pilcher married K. Algood. Both lived and 
died in North Carolina, They i-eared a large family, 
who moved West, their present places of abode not 

*Phoebe Pilcher married Thomas Norman in North 
Carolina. They had three children, namely: "Daniel 
Norman, who married Lynda Spears and moved West; 
"George Norman, who died in South Carolina; "Susan 
Norman, married Solomon Lakey. 

*Charity Pilcher was born in North Carolina about 


1700. She married William Scott, and lived until after 
1800, and at that time had a good memory, and from 
her valuable information in regard to the family was 
obtained. She had children, but no record of them, or 
their descendants, is at hand. One of her grandsons, 
"S. ITastin Scott, lived at Sparta, N. C, in 1800, and it 
may be still resides there. 

"James Pilrher. son of -James Pilcher, and brother 
of ^Kobert and Daniel Pilcher, was born shortly 
after 1780, probably in Culpeper County, Virginia. He 
moved to Yadkin County, North Carolina, and from 
North Carolina to York District, South Carolina, 
late in life, and settled in about two miles of his brother, 
^Robert Pilcher, and died there in 1830, after having 
lived there two or three years. , Ilis widow, his sou, 
-•John, and two daughters then returned to North Caro- 
lina. ^James Pilcher had two sons, "John and 
Mames Pilcher, and three daughters, "Nancy, "Pamela 
and "Frances Pilcher. "John Pilcher was born in 
North Carolina in 1783; married there and moved 
to York District, South Carolina. He was called 
"Yadkin John," because he was bom near Yadkin 
River, to distinguish him from his first cousin, "John 
Pilcher, the son "of ^Robert and Eunice Bowen Pilcher, 
who was born near the Pedee. He married Pamela 
Carringer. in North Carolina. They had several 

"James Pilcher, son of ^James Pilcher. was born in 
North Carolina and moved to South Carolina, and mar- 
ried Elizabeth McSwain in York District, South Caro- 
lina. He was a soldier in the War of 1812, and was at 
Fort Moultrie, and was in Charleston in 1813. He 
was at that time about twenty-five years of age. He 
had nine children, namely: ''Robertson (who moved to 
Mississippi, and in 1860 lived at Louisville, Winston 
County, Mississippi), ^Cephas, "^Lucy, "^Dixon, "^Eunice, 
'Alice,' ''Enos, '*Amos and ''Margaret. ''Margaret Pilcher 
married a Mr. Thornton. They had a son, «E. Thornton, 
who lives at Laurel Springs, N. C. 

"James Pilcher left South Carolina in 1845, hav- 
ing sold his home on Bullocks Creek, November 26, 1845. 
His sale deed is recorded in Book N, page 825, York 
District, South Carolina. 


Other Branches of the Pilcher Famha'.^ — There 
are several large branches of the Pilcher family which 
the wiiter of these sketches has been unable to connect 
with that family whose progenitor was ^Kobert Pilcher. 
In the effort to find a connecting link, much informa- 
tion has been gathered, through the kindly assistance 
of various parties belonging to these other branches. 
Inasmuch as some other writer may in future 
undertake to pursue the investigation further, it 
is deemed advisable to set forth some of the information 
gathered, in the belief that it will encourage and assist 
him to undertake the labor of further research, and of 
a more comprehensive history of the family. In adding 
the following sketches, thei-e has been no effort to bring 
doA\Ti to date the genealogy of any of these additional 
branches. What is known of the older generations 
is given, in order to preserve from loss the 
information gathered, and enable those now living to 
perceive to which branch of the family they belong. In 
this way, it may be, some writer will hereafter accom- 
plish the task of showing conclusively whether, in fact, 
four brothers founded the family in America, and show 
the connecting links of all of their descendants. 

^Caleb Pilcher was the progenitor of a large branch of 
the family. Two of his sons (he probably had othei's) 
were -James and -Stephen Pilcher, and one of his daugh- 
ters was ^Mary Pilcher. ^James Pilcher married Nancy 
Murphy, and his brother, -Stephen, married Chloe 

The children of -James and Nancy Murphy Pilcher 
were: ^Stephen, ^William, ^Elijah, ^James, ^Edward, 
Mohn, ^Nancy, ^Kachel, ^Sarah and 'Elizabeth Pilcher. 

The children of ^Stephen and Chloe Bland Pilcher 
were : 'Jesse, 'John and 'Moses Pilcher. 

'Stephen Pilcher, the son of ^James and Nancy Mur- 
phy Pilcher, was born in Dumfries, Va., October 6, 
1772. 'He married Sarah Fishback in 1794. His 
brother, 'William Pilcher, married a Miss Fishback, a 
sister of Sarah Fishback Pilcher. 

The children of 'Stephen and Sarah Fishback Pilcher 
were: ^Catherine N., born in Fauquier County, Vir- 
ginia, December 9, 1796, and man-led Cyrus Gotten 


July 9, 1814; ^George Fishback Pilcher, born March 4, 
1800, iu Hampshire County, Virginia, and married 
Elizabeth Saunders January 8, 1829; *Henry Echart 
Pilcher, D.D., was born April 20, 1802, and married 
Mary Ann Sargent iu August, 1835, and for many years 
was a prominent and influential member of the Ohio 
and Central Conference of the M. E. Church, and was 
living in 1885; ^Sarah Fisliback Pilcher was born Jan- 
uary 10, 1804. 

Sarah Fishback Pilcher died, and ^Stephen Pilcher 
married, second, Elenora J. Selby, near Baltimore. 
With his family he moved to Athens Count}', Ohio, in 
1805. His children by the second marriage were: 
*Nathau Selby Pilcher, born February 24, 1808; "Elijah 
Holmes Pilcher, born June 2, 1810; "Stephen Nelson 
Pilcher, born October 5, 1815 ; "James Fletcher Pilcher, 
born July 31, 1818, and "Joshua F. Pilcher, born De- 
cember 10, 1820. 

This ^Stephen Pilcher died in Ohio, October 14, 1854, 
at the age of eighty-four years. He was a man of edu- 
cation, and two of his sons, "Henry Echart Pilcher and 
"Elijah Holmes Pilcher, were college men, and both were 
Methodist ministers and Doctors of Divinity. The 
genealogy of this branch of the family was obtained 
from said three sons in letters written by them in 1885. 

"Elijah Holmes Pilcher, D.D., was a man of great 
learning and ability, and of great influence in the M. E. 
Church. He was bora at Athens, Ohio, January 2, 
1810, and after many years of labor and usefulness in 
Michigan, he spent tlie last jears of his life in Brooklyn, 
N. Y., with his son, Lewis Stephen Pilcher, M.D., and 
died in Brooklyn, April 1, 1887. 

"Dr. E. H. Pilcher married Caroline Matilda Packard, 
of Michigan, June 4, 1834, a daughter of Dr. Packard, 
by whom he had one son, Jason Henry Pilcher. After 
the death of his first wife he married Pha^be Maria Fish. 
His children by this second marriage were: °Ellen 
Maria, ^Lewis Stephens, 'Leander William and '^James 
Evelyn. 'Dr. L. S. Pilcher is now a leading physician 
of Brooklyn. 'Leander William Pilcher, D.D., was a 
missionary in China when he died, in 1893. 'James 
Evelyn Pilcher, M.D., for a number of years was a sur- 


geou in tbe United States Army, with the rank of Major, 
and is now connected with Dickinson College, Carlisle, 

If it be assumed that -James Pikher, the father of 
^Stej^hen, was twenty-five years of age at the date of 
"Stephen's birth, and that ^Caleb ]Mlcher was twenty- 
five years older than his son, -James Pikher, then ^Caleb 
Pik'her was born in 17l!2, and -Jnmcs in 1747. 

From this it may be inferred that HJaleb Pilcher was 
one of the four brothers who founded the family in 

There are now living many of the descendants of 
^Caleb Pilcher, but they are not traced down to date. 

Eev. John Mason Pilcher, a prominent Baptist min- 
ister, now of Petersburg, Va., writing in 1890, gave data 
on which the following statement of tbe founders of the 
family in America, and of the earlier members of his 
branch of the family, is made: 

The father of the four brothers who came to America 
was Richard Pilcher. One of the four brothers had 
the following children: -Eichard (who married Doro- 
thea Watts), -Mason (who married Beersheba Pickett), 
^Stephen, ^Charles and -Winifred (who married John 
Dalgarn, November 4, 17S5, and had two sons and two 

-Pichard and Dorothea Watts Pilcher had five 
children, namely: "Richard, ^Nancy (who married a 
Mr. Johnson and went to Missouri), ^Chloe (who lived 
and died unmarried, in Fredericksburg. Va.), ^Susan 
(who married a Mr. Sullivan) and ^Frederick Pilcher, 
the youngest, who was bom in 1769, and married Mar- 
garet Alsop, in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, Septem- 
ber 3, 1792, she being the daughter of George Alsop, an 
Englishman, and his wife, Margaret Wise Alsop. 
^Frederick Pilcher died in Fredericksburg, Va., Decem- 
ber 27, 1827. 

Dr. John Mason Pilcher states that these facts, except 
dates, which he procured from other sources, he received 
from his aunt, Eliza Pilcher. ^Frederick Pilcher 
was a manufacturer, and employed a large number of 

The children of 'Frederick and Margaret Alsop Pil- 


Cher were: ^Sidney A., born in Fredericksburg, Va., in 
1794; married Susan Eoberson in Sliepardstown, 
Jefferson County, Va., in 1S18, and died at Harper's 
Ferry in February, J863. His wife, Susan, died at the 
same place, in May, 185G; *John Alsop Pilclier, born in 
Stafford County, Virginia, January 28, 171)8; married 
in Kichmond, Va., October 25, 1836, Elizabeth Ann 
Parsons, daughter of Samuel P. Parsons, civil engineer, 
who assisted Moncure l\obinson in laying the first rail- 
road built in the United States. ^George Mason 
Pilcher, born in Stafford County, Virginia, January 28, 
1708; married Jane Terrell, in Orange County, 
Virginia, October 27, 1821; killed by Pinkerd in Mad- 
ison County, Virginia, September 21, 1827. '^Lucinda 
Harriet, born December 2, 1799, in Stafford County, 
Virginia; married Benjamin Pilcher, son of Lewis 
Pilcher, son of Charles Pilcher, in 1837, and died in 
Eichmond, Va., October 30, 1866. ^Hiram, born in 
Stafford County, Virginia, September 1, 1801; married 
Mary A. Beck, in Fredericksburg, Va., October 23, 
1828; died October 2, 1833. ^William Stanton, born 
in Stafford County, Virginia, January 5, 1803; married 
Dolly Alsop Fisher; removed to Louisyille, Ky., in 
1833 ; was a lawyer. General of Militia, Mayor of Louis- 
ville, Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky; died while 
Mayor of Louisville, August 14, 1859. *Eliza Ann, born 
in Fredericksburg, Va.,"December 1, 1807; never mar- 
ried ; died in Fredericksburg, March 17, 1871. 

''John Alsop and Elizabeth Ann Parsons Pilcher were 
married on October 24, 1836. Their children were: 
^Samuel Frederick, born January 4, 18.38; ^Margaret 
Elizabeth, born January 5, 1839; ^John Mason, born 
July 16, 1841, and ^Kebecca Jane Pilcher. 

'Samuel Frederick, born January 4, 1838; married 
Mary Ellen DuVall, November 20, i860; had two chil- 
dren ; died in Kichmond, Va., August 30, 1863. '^Mar- 
garet Elizabeth Pilcher, born in Richmond, Va,, Jan- 
uary 5, 1839; married Charles Ferrell, May 30, 1860; 
died in Scottsville, Va„ July 17, 1899, "John Mason 
Pilcher, born July 15, 1841; graduated from Richmond 
College in April, 1861 ; married Mary Lucy DuVall, 
December 21, 1865. ''Rebecca Jane, born January 11, 
1843; married Benjamin Cothcll, December 20, 1860. 

364 uinTORiCAL isKjyrciJEs. 

Kev. ^John Mason Pildier Las furnished for this 
sketch an exlianstive geneological statement of this 
branch of the family, and it is a matter of regret that 
the connection between this branch of the family with 
that of ^Robert Pilcher, who married Phoebe Fielding, 
has not as yet been definitely established, in which case 
it would be permissible to include the names of all of 
the descendants of the above named -Richard. -Mason. 
-Stephen. -Charles and -Winifred Pilcher. 

The progenitor of a large branch of the Pilcher family 

was ^ Pilcher, whose given name is not known 

to the writer. He emigrated, it is said, to America 
early in the eighteenth century, and settled in Culpeper 
County, Virginia. One of his sons was ^Joshua Pilcher. 

-Joshua Pilcher was born in Culpeper County, Vir- 
ginia, where he married, and where, i>erhaps, all of bis 
children were born. He removed to Lexington, Kj., in, 
the year 1793. He had eight children, namely : ^Field- 
ing, ^Shadrach, ^Benjamin, ^Zachariah, ^Moses, ^John, 
^Joshua and 'Margaret Pilcher. 

^Fielding Pilcher (son of ^Joshua) was born in Cul- 
peper County, Virginia, about the year 1775. He had 
two sons, namely : *Mason and *Lewis Pilcher. 

*Mason Pilcher was born in or near Lexington, Ky. 
While a young man he removed to Nashville, Tenn., 
where he remained for a few years. He then moved to 
Louisiana, and for many years was a cotton merchant in 
New Orleans. His first marriage occurred in Kentucky, 
and one of his children by his first marriage was 
'Charles ^fason Pilcher, who was a lawyer and lived at 
Lake Providence, La. He died about 1890. He mar- 
ried a second time in Louisiana, and one of his sons by 
the second marriage was 'Fielding Pilcher. He had a 
number of children, but this line is not traced further. 

*Louis Pilcher married his first cousin, Nancy Shaw, 
who was the daughter of Hiram and 'Margaret Pilcher 
Shaw. •'Louis Pilcher had a son, 'Fielding Louis Pil- 
cher, who lived at Lexington, Ky. He died about 1865. 
'Fielding Louis Pilcher married Ann F. Spiers. They 
had five children, namely: 'Louis Pilcher, who lived in 
Nicholasville, Ky. ; ^Elizabeth Pilcher, who married 
W. H. Spiers, and lived in Louisville, Ky., in 1885; 


«Elmei' Ellsworth Pildier, who lived iu Xicholasville, 
Kv.; -^Thomas Fieldiug Pilchev, who, in 1885, lived m 
Chattanooga, Tenn., and «Nellie Pilcher. 

"Shadrack Pilcher, son of -Joshua Pilcher, was born 
iu Cnlwper Connty, Virginia, about the year l.GO. He 
married a Miss Proctor. Their children were: ^Ezekiel, 
who was born January 4, 1800; ^Moses, born in ls02 : 
Mei;11ia Dudlcv, born May L'!), 1808; ^Mary, wlio mar- 
ried Anderson' Foreman, and at an advanced age, in 
1885, was living in Jacksonville, 111. ; "Margaret, ".Nancy, 
*Sarah and ^Shadrach Pilcher. 

"Fzekiel Pilcher was born near Lexington, Ky., 
January 4, 1800; settled in Springlield, 111., in 18:24, 
and there be married Louisa Ballard, and died at 
Woodburn, 111., December IG, 1858. His widow died 
in St Louis, Mo., iu 1872. They had ten chiklren, 
namely: ^Marv Jane, born in Springfield, 111., February 
'^8 1829; ^Caroline, born in Springfield, 111.; ''Richard 
Montgomery, born June 8, 1832, in Springfield,^Ill.; 
Moseph Warren, born the same time (twins) ; ^Shad- 
rach Anthonv, born in 1836; ^\rchibald Mossman, born 
January 8, i839; ^Alexander Shields, born December 
24, 1841; ^Ellenor. ^Edward M. and -'Clarence Pilcher. 
^Mary Jane Pilcher married E. E. Hendry, in St. Louis, 
Mo and in 1885 lived iu Buffalo, Mo. ^Caroline Pilcher 
married James S. Kalb in St. Louis, and left tlu'ee^^^s, 
the eldest being ^Montgomery Kalb, of St. Louis. 
■ 'Montgomery Pilcher, lived in St. Louis in 1885. 
•^Joseph Warren Pilcher was in New Orleans in 1885, 
and at that time his home and family were in St. Louis 
Mo ^Shadrach Pilcher, lost in California, ^irchibald 
Mossman Pilcher, born in Springfield, 111.; married 
Adelaide Swett at Jacksonville, 111., December 28, 1856. 
His children, living in 1885, ^^'^^e: ^Julia (born in 
1864), ^William Ezekiel (born October ^6 180b), 
«Frederick Eugene (born in 1868), "Robert Melville, 
«Leroy Sherman and «Della May Pilcher. 

*Moses Pilcher settled in Springfield in 1824,j'eai-ed 

a family, and died there in or about the year 18 <o. iwo 

of his sous, 'Jeptha and ''Johii Pilcher, were living in 

Springfield, 111., in 1875. . T;...-^f+o 

Meptha Dudley Pilcher was born in Fayette 


County, Kentucky, May 29, 1S08. lie moved 
from ]>exington, Ky., in 1828 or 3830, and lived 
in Cliandlersville, 111., in 1885. His oldest daughter, 
''Ellen Pilcher, married a Mr. Kcnna. Another daugh- 
ter, ^Nancy, married a Mr. Brooks, and in 1885 lived in 
Petersburg, 111. His son, "William H. Pilcher, v^as in 
partnership with his father, ''.Jeptha Dudley Pilcher, in 
18S5, in Chnndlersville, 111., doing a mercanlile business. were the children of Jeptha D. Pilcher by his 
first wife, whose maiden name was Hannah Smith. 
"Ellen Pilcher Kenna had a son, E. D. Kenna, who lived 
in Chicago in January 16, 1901. He was attorney for 
the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company at 
that time. 

^Benjamin Pilcher, son of ^Joshua Pilcher, was born 
in Culpcper County, Virginia, and removed to Ken- 
tucky with his father in 1793. He moved to Ohio about 
the year 1813, and reared a large family, none of the 
names of whom are know^n to the writer. 

'Zachariah Pilcher, son of ^Jo.shua Pilcher, was born 
in Culi>eper County, Virginia, and in 1793 went ta 
Kentucky with his father. About the year 1823 he 
removed from Kentucky to Indiana. He also reared a 
large family. 

^Moses Pilcher, son of -Joshua Pilcher, had two chil- 
dren, namely: ^Merritt and *Nancy Pilcher. 

^Merritt Pilcher, son of ^Moses Pilcher, was born in 
Fayette County, Kentucky. He moved to Nashville, 
Tenn., where he lived to old age, and died there. 
For many years he was a successful merchant in 
Nashville. He married Nancy Barrow\ He had 
two sons and two daughters, namely: "Matthew- 
Barrow Pilcher, "Merritt S. Pilcher, "Mrs. Ben.son, 
of Na.^^hville, and "Mrs. Barrow, of Louisiana. "Mat- 
thew Barrow Pilcher married Judith Winston. He 
was a soldier in the Confederate Army, and was 
called ''The Fighting Quartermaster," owing to the 
fact that he always succeeded in taking part in every 
battle in reach. He was a deeply religious man, and 
always, while a soldier, carried a Bible in his pocket. 
This Bible was pierced in battle by a rifle shot, and his 


life was saved in Ibis way. Their children are : 'Win- 
ston, '"'Matthew, "^Merritt and ''Nannie Dudley IMklier, 

^Nancy Pilcher, daughter of -^Moses Pilcher, and sister 
of *Merritt Pilcher, married a Mr. Hensley. They had 
one son, ^Ilenry C. Hensley, of Nashville, "Tenn. issue: 
*^Nannie, married May Overton, and *^Alice, married 
Earnest Pillow. 

^Joshua Pilcher (son of -.Joshua Pilcher) was horn 
in Virginia, in 1700. lie never married. He was 
Indian Agent under President Van Buren, and accu- 
mulated a large fortune, and died in St. Louis in 1841 or 
1842. By his will he made a number of large bequests. 

^Margaret Pilcher (daughter of ^ Joshua Pilcher) 
was born in Culpeper County, Virginia, in 1777, 
and was sixteen years old when her father came 
to Kentucky. She married Hiram Shaw in I_^x- 
ington, Ky., December 25, 1800. They had three 
children who left issue, namely: ^Nathaniel Shaw, born 
in Lexington, Ky., January 31, 1804; married Emma 
Marsh, in the same place, in September, 1832, and died 
February 15, 1849; they had three children; one wag 
^Hiram Shaw, who was born in 1835, and had five chil- 
dren, namelv: ®Ealph M., ^Hiram, "Clara, "Henry and 
"Wiley Shaw. 

*Hiram Shaw (son of Hiram and ^Margaret P. Shaw) 
was born at Lexington, Ky., in August, 1809, and had 
two children, namely: ^Joshua Pilcher Shaw, born in 
1839; married in 1867, and lived in Lexington, Ky. 
'Agnes Shaw, born in 1840, married a Mr. Hamilton in 
1867, and had three children, namely: "Annie S., 
"George L. and "Kate S. Hamilton. 

*Nancy Shaw (daughter of Hiram and ^Margaret P. 
Shaw) was born in 1812, and iifarried her cousin, Field- 
ing Louis Pilcher, who is mentioned in another connec- 
tion in this sketch. 

The information in regard to the descendants of 
^Joshua Pilcher was obtained from many sources, but 
in the main was received from his grandson, ''Jephtha 
Dudley Pilcher, of Chandlersville, HI.; his great-grand- 
son, Eev. ''Archibald Mos.sman Pilcher, of Eau Clair. 
Wis., and his great-grandson, 'Joshua Pilcher Shaw, of 
Lexington, Ky. 


The information in re',^ar(l 1o the Stephen I'ilcliei- 
branch \va>s obtained, principally, from Rev. Elijah 
Holmes Pilcher, D.D., and his son. Dr. Pilcher, of 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

From many sources information N\as gained in regard 
to the Caleb Pilcher branch. But, to a large extent, it 
was gotten from Dr. John Mason Pilcher, D.D., of 
Peteishurg, Va. 

The coat of arms of the family, described in detail, 
was as follows: 

(1) Or gold— the tincture of gold or yellow. 

(2) Chevron. The chevron (supix)sed by some writers to 
have been adopted from the bow of a war saddle which rises 
high in front) is formed by drawing two parallel lines from 
the dexter base, njeeting pyraniidically, about the fess point, 
two other parallel lines drawn from the sinister base. 

(.3) Gu. gules — red depicted by perpendicular lines. 

(4) Chapeau. See cap of maintenance or dignity, by the 
French called chapeau, a headgear of crimson velvet turned 
up with ermine. 

(5) Coclvatrice — a monster with the wings and legs of a 
fowl, and the tail of a snake. 

(6) Ducal Coronet— is composed of eight leaves all of equal 
height above the rim ; the caps of the coronets are of crim- 
son velvet turned up with ermine, with a button or tassel 
of gold or silver at the top. 

James Stuart Pilcher. 


Carruthees of How mains was an ancient family in 
Annandale, distinguished from an early period m 
Scotch history. ^\Tien Robert the High Steward (after- 
wards King) took the field against Baliol in support of 
his uncle, David II, William Carruthers of Howmains 
was among the first to join him ; subsequently in the 
reign of James III, Thomas Carruthers of Howmains 
was especially rewarded for his good service against 
"the rebels and the English ;" and still preserving their 
devotion to the cause of royalty, the family acted a gal- 
lant part in favor of Mary Stuart. Walter Carruthers, 
of Inverness, Scotland, says that the original seat of the 
Carruthers family was in Carruthers Parish, Dum^rie- 
shire, Scotland, and near the present town of Annan, 
the parish having been merged in an adjoining parish; 
but there is still a ruin near there known as Carruthers 
24 (369) 


Castle. He also says that all of the male branches of 
the family, his among the number, have moved auay 
from Diimfrieshire, and there is a tradition in his 
family that one branch had, many years ago, emigrated 
from Scotland to the English Colonies in America. 

One ^James Caruthers and his wife lived in Scotland. 
Tradition says they went to the north of Ireland during 
the unsettled, troubled times in Scotland, in the early 
part of the eighteenth century. Four of their cliildren 
emigrated to the Colony of Pennsylvania in the year 
1765. There may liave been others, of which there is 
no account given, 

Mohn, -Sarah, ^James and ^Andrew Caruthers settled 
first in Carlysle County, Pennsylvania. It is thought 
that John and Eobert Caruthers, who came to the 
Colony of Pennsylvania about the same time, and after- 
wards moved to North Carolina, were uncles to the four 
who came in 1765, but this is not authentic. 

^John Caruthers, brother to ^Sarah, ^James and 
^Andrew, was in the French and Indian Wars, and was 
severely wounded in one engagement. He afterwards 
held an important position under the Provincial Gov- 
ernor of Pennsylvania. His children were: ^Mary, 
^Isabella, 'Sarah and ^Eleanor Carothers. Many of 
tlie name live in Pennsylvania and all over the Western 

^James and ^Andrew Caruthers were twins, so much 
alike that their mother could only distinguish one from 
the other by looking on the forehead of one for a small 
mark just in the edge of his hair. They married sisters. 
-James Caruthers married Nancy Neely, and ^Andrew 
Caruthers married Margaret Neely. The descendants 
of these twin brothers are the only ones we can trace 
for moi-e than one generation. 

After coming to America they changed the spelling 
of their name to Carothers, through the influence of a 
school teacher who lived in the family and taught the 
children. The two who went to North Carolina at an 
early day, Eobert and John, spelled their name Caruth- 
ers, dropping one "r." 

^James Carothers, born 1739, was in the French and 
Indian Ware, and fought bravely in the Colonial Army. 


He was in General Armfltrong's command at the battle 
of Kiltaining Point 

He married Nancy Neelj, about 1767, in Adams 
County, Pennsylvania- They had five children, and 
lived on tlie Juniatta Biver, near Mount Union, Hunt- 
ingdon County, Pennsylvania, on a farm called "The 
Loop." His wife, Nancy Noely Carothers, died in 1776. 
He then married Abigail Henderson, of Baltimore, Md., 
where her family still reside. They had nine children. 
Later he lived near Shirleysburg, in the above-named 
county. He had fourteen children by the two wiv^. 
The first wife's children were: 

^Sarah, married Archibald Henderson. 

*James, married Mary Fitzsimons, of South Caro- 
lina, in 1800 (her mother was a Miss Randel), and 
they had seven children, namely: *Nancy, married 
Andrew Froman; ^Patrick, born in 1802, and mar- 
ried Betsy Barr; they had a son, ^Robert Carothers, 
who lived in Cincinnati, Ohio, and he had a son, ^Thomas 
P. Carothers, a lawyer living in Newport, Ky., in the 
year 1900. ^Sarah, married James Carothers. Her 
brother, *James H. Carothers, married Mary Carothers; 
they had one son, '^Neely Carothers, of Kenton, Ohio. 

*Eliza J., married ; her daughter, °A. E. , 

married a Mr. Gilleland, of Obisonia, Peun. ^Thomas 
M., married Nancy Taylor, and ^Samuel H. married a 
I Miss Gilmore; they had a daughter, ^Maria Carothers, 

J living in Pennsylvania in 1890. 

^John Carothers, married Mary Boal. They had a 

son, * Carothers, He had a son, ''James F. 

Carothers, who lives in Danville, Va. 

^Alexander Carothers. 

'Samuel Carothers, bom in 1775; married Ann Zim- 
merman. He died in 1858; he had seven children, as 
follows: Majnes, ^Davis, *Sarah (married a Mr. Alex- 
ander), *Abraham, v*Maria (married a Mr. Mapleton), 
*Anne (married a Mr. Gollaher) and *Samuel Carothers. 

I have given the five children and their descendants 
of James Carothers and Nancy Neely, his wife, and will 
now give those of his second wife, Abigail Henderson, 
nine in number: 

'Thomas Carothers, married Peggy Duncan. They 


had five children, namely: *James, ^William, ^Hannah, 
*Nancy and ^Duncan Carothers. 

^Andrew Carothers, married Jane Fitzsimmons, and 
had one *son. 

^Frank Carothers, married Peggy Fitzsimmons. 

^Nelly Carothers, married Andrew Carothers. They 
had one son, ^Jonathan Carothers. 

^Polly Carothers married, first, H. llockenberry, and 
second, H. Love, and had four ^children. 

^Jonathan Carothers married, first, Kuth Douglas, 
and second, Eliza Ainsley. They had six children, 
namely: *Kate, is in a convent; ^Cornelia, *William, 
^Hannah, *Sarah and *Amanda Carothers. 

^D. Neely Carothers, born in 1791; died in 1862; 
never married. 

^William Carothers. 

^Nancy Carothers ; never married. 

This finishes ^James Carothers' line, as far as known. 
I will now give that of his twin brother, who moved to 
North Carolina, ^Andrew Carothers and Margaret 
Neely, his wife. ^Andrew Carothers was born in 1789, 
and died in Union District, South Carolina, in 1826, at / 
the residence of his son, ^John. He married Margaret {UtAj^ 
Neely, a sister of the wife of his twin brother. She 
was born in 1747, and died in York District, South 
Carolina, in 1797. They moved from C:aplfsle"^ County, 
Pennsylvania, to Cabarrus County, North Carolina, 
before the breaking out of the Eevolutionary War, the 
exact date not known. 

^Andrew Carothers was a soldier in the Continental 
Army, and served throughout the war, being severely 
"wounded, but in what battle it is not recorded. See 
"Kings Mountain and Its Heroes," by L. Draper, page 
424. He and his wife, Margaret Neely, had nine chil- 
dren, namely: ^Jane, ^Ollie, ^Margaret, ^Anne, ^Mary, 
'Martha, "John, "Thomas and "James Carothers. 

Mane Carothers, married William Bell. 

"Ollie Carothers married Robert Bain. 

"Margaret Carothers married Hugh Caruthers, a 

"Anne Carothers married Andrew Davis. He was an 
elder in the Presbvterian Church. She died in 1840. 


They had seven children, as follows: ''Thomas, ^Mar- 
garet, "James Neely, ''Wilson, *Mary, •'Tirza and * Ade- 
line Davis. J?ev. "Thomas D. Davis, born in 1793 ; died 
in 1851, in Mississippi. He was a minister in the Pres- 
byterian Church, and married Sarah Mackey. "Mar- 
garet Davis, born in 1797; married a Mr. Morrison; 
died in 1858. "Wilson Davis, born in 1801, married 
Margaret Stuart; died in 185G. "Mary Davis, born in 
1803*; married a Mr. Cochrane; died in 1854. "Tirza 
Davis, born in 1808; married a Mr. Parks, and was 
living near Stageville, North Carolina, in 1883; they 
had seven cbildren, as follows: ^Andrew D. (was living 
in Stageville, N. C, in 1887), «John, "^Ada (married Dr. 
John Blair), ^Thomas M., ^Sarah L. (married J. H. 
Coldwell), ^Baxter and ^Margaret E. Parks (married 
J. W. Alexander). "Adeline Davis, born in 1812; 
married a Mr. Alexander ; died in 1845. 

^Mary Carothers, married Andrew Kimmons. They 
had seven children, as follows: "Margaret, "Martha, 
"Elias W., "Hugh R, "Polly, "John M. H. and "Wilson 
Kimmons, "Margaret Kimmons married A. Bam. 
"Martha Ivimmons married Kobert McClelland; they 
had three children, namely: "^Martha, '^Lizzie and "Al- 
bert McClelland. He died in the Confederate Army- 
Kev. "Elias W. Kimmons, of Concord, N. C. "Hugh R. 
Kimmon.s married Martha Davis; they had two chil- 
dren, namely: '^Mary A. and ^James W. Kimmons. 
"Polly Kimmons married Elisha Scott; they had one 
child, "Mary Scott. "John M. H. Kimmons married 
Judith Dillworth; they had seven children, namely: 
«John A.. "William G., "Martha M., "Wilson C, "Lee, 
"Mack and ^Sally Kimmons. "Wilson Kimmons mar- 
ried , of Concord, N. C. 

^Martha Carothers married Charles Bain. 

sjohn Carothere was born March 19, 1775, in Cabarrus 
County, North Carolina. November 22, 1803, he was 
married to Mary Hope, daughter of 'John Hope and 
Jane Meek, his wife. . 

"John Carothers, for years a member of the Legis- 
lature in South Carolina when the old State was in her 
palmiest davs, was a ruling elder in the Presbyterian 
Church, a devoted Christian, a public-spirited, patriotic 


citizen, gifted with a fine sense of humor, which many 
of his descendants have inherited, entertaining in con- 
versation, and alwaj's an interesting person. ^Mary 
Hope, his wife, was a model woman, a devoted Christian, 
an alTectionate, unselfish wife and mother. She was 
born March 10, 1782, and died in 1826. After her death, 
^John Carothers married Rachel Burrows; he died in 
Union District, South Carolina, May :U, 1854. He 
had thirteen children. Four died young. His first 
wife left six children, namely: ^James Neely, *M. Mar- 
garet, ^Jane Hope, "Andrew Meek, *William Washing- 
ton and "Thomas L. Carothers. His second wife's chil- 
dren were: "Elizabeth, "Amanda and "Sally Carothers. 
Eev. "James Neely Carothere, born in 1805 ; graduated 
at Washington College, Tennessee, in 1826; married 
Mary Baskin; they had nine children, as follows: "Mar- 
garet Rose, married Rufus Bean. ^William, never mar- 
ried. '*James Stuart, married, first, Mary Morrow; sec- 
one, Eugenia Westbrook, He had four children by his 
second wife, namely: ^Stuart, *NeeIy, ''Nerva and *Nelly 
Carothers, of West Point, Miss. • "^.Joseph Carothei^ 
was killed in the Confederate Army, in 1864. ''Samuel 
Reid Carothers w^as also a soldier in the Confederate 
Army, and died in prison in 1864. =John Carothers, 
married Mary Miller; they had five children, namely: 
^Francis R., ^Kate B., Moe Meek, «Baskin and M. Stuart 
Carothers. 'Mary E. Carothers married a Mr. Woodall ; 
they have five children, namely : ^Bessie, ®Mattie, ^Jessie, 
'Josephine and "James Woodall. '^Martha Carotbers 
married Keith Mofl'ett ; they have five children, namely : 
"Mary B., "Jannette W., "James Neely Moffat and two 
others. *Leroy Carothers died young. 

"Margaret Carothers, daughter of ®John and Mary 
Hope Carothers, born in 1813, married Eleazer Parker. 
She was his second wife. They had six children, 
namely : Dp. 'John Parker, of Houston, Miss., married, 
first, L. Sadler, and second, a Mrs. Hill. They had three 
children, namely: "Pearl, "Victor and "Louise Parker. 
"Naomi Parker, married a Mr. Gouldock. "Mary H. 

Parker, married . "Joseph Parker, married 

, and had one son, "James Stuart Parker. 

"Neely M. and "Martha Parker. 


*Jane Hope Carotbers was born July 25, 1811, in 
Union District, Soutb Carolina, and was married to 
Dixon Green Piklier, December 2i, 1S30. He was 
born in Chester District, South Carolina, ^<;r^-^ A 
1808 and died near French Camp, Miss., June 2'J, 1802. 
His wife died at the same place, July 11, 1872 He was 
a ruling elder in the Presbyterian Church, a noble Chris- 
tian mail, whom all loved and respected ; his wife was a 
woman of culture and fine character, devoted to her 
husband and children. They had seven children, four 
of whom died young. The others were: =E. Mary, 
"Isabella T. and "^James Stuart Pilcher. This line is 
given in the Pilcher sketch. 

Dr. *Andrew Meek Carothers, born in 1818, was a 
man of prominence in his state, distinguished in appear- 
ance and manners, and a devout Christian. He mar- 
ried Martha Caldwell, of South Carolina. They lived 
at Starkville, Miss., and had seven children, as follows: 
=> Joseph C, ''J. Andrew, "^Kate, "^Neil W., '^Charles G., 
"Julia E and "Thomas M. Carothei-s. Kev. "Joseph C. 
Carothers married Belle McCaleb; they have three chil- 
dren, namely: •'Neil W., "Andrew M. and "Mary Caroth- 
ers of Grenada, Miss. "Kate Carothers married Robert 
Montgomery ; they had nine children, two of whom died 
young, namely : ^Robert and «Hugh. The others were : 
«Evelyn (married Mr. Perkins, of Clemson College, 
South Carolina, and has two children, namely : "'Eyelyn 
and 'Kate), «Pattie, "Kate (married Stuart ^eir), 
«Annie "Paul, "Adelaide Meek and "Margaret Stuart 
Montgomery, of Starkville, Miss. "Andrew Carothers 
married Rosa Beattie. They have five children, namely : 
"Lemira (married Fritz Weddell), "Rosa, "Robert, 
"Charles G. and "Beattie Carothers, all of Starkville, 
Miss "Neil W. Carothers married Cenie Wallace ; they 
had four children, namely: "Neil W., "Wallace (died 
young), "Stuart C. and "Katherine, of Austin, Texas. 
"Charles Carothers, married Mary Blewett; they have 
one child, "Blewett Carothers, of Memphis, Tenn. "Julia 
Evelvn Carothers, died in November, 1907. "Thomas M. 
Carothers married Adelaide Ragon, and had four chil- 
dren, namelv : "Andrew M., "Marian B., "Thomas M. and 
"Mildred Carothers (died young), of Chattanooga, 

376 njSTOiiiCAL sketches. 

The Rev. ^Willicam Washington Carothers, son of 
'John and Mary Hope Carothers, was born in 1819; 
graduated at Princeton College; married Mary Saddler, 
and lived in Alabama. Their children were as follows: 
"John Minor Carothers, of Newbern, Ala., married a 
Miss Wilson. ^Mary ITojie Carothers, married the Rev. 
A. 0. Wilson, and had two children, namely: ^Marie 
and ^Margaret Wilson. ^William Carothers, of Selma, 
Ala. ^Russell Carothers, married Mrs. Moore, iiee 
Morrison. ^Sadler and '^Milton Carothers, of Selma, 

*Thomas Leander Carother.s, youngest child of ^John 
and Mary Hope Carothers, was born in 1821; was a 
graduate of Princeton College; was for a while presi- 
dent of Washington College, Tennessee, l)efore he was 
twenty-eight j^ears of age. He married Mary Miller, 
and they had six children, namely : ^John, married 
Sally Hill; they are both dead; they left two sons, 
namely: ^Joseph H. and ^Thomas L. Carothers, of Mex- 
ico (married Argenta McDonald). "Leander, of Deca- 
tur, Ala. , married Loulie Enders; no children. "Samuel, 
married Stella McAllister; no children. "Addison, 
married Nelly Moody; he died June, 1901; left several 
children. "Susan, married I. L. Kron, of Mobile, Ala. ; 
issue: "Mary, ^C«cil, ^Leonard Carothers and ^Amelia 
Kron. "Minnie Carothei*s married D. R. Lindsey, and 
has five children, namely: ^Louise, *Jeaii, "Gladys, 
"Collin and "Ii^lizaljeth Lindsey. 

The children of 'John Carothers and his second wife, 
Rachel Burrows, were: ^William and *John, died j^oung. 
^Elizabeth Carothers, married, first, Dr. Wade Fowler, 
and second, Mr. Lotspitch; she lived at "Sunnyside," 
her father's old homestead. Her only two children, a 
son and daughter, died in early youth. ^Amanda Ca- 
rothers, married Rufus Poole, and had two children, 
namely: "Jessie and "Sally Poole. ^Sally Carothers, 
married Sidney Walker, of Union, S. C. ; died in 1908; 
they had two children, namely : "William R. and "Minnie 
Walker, of Unionville, S. C. 

'Thomas Carothers, son of ^Andrew and Margaret 
Neely Carothers, was born in 1773 ; married and lived 
near Shelbyville, Tenn., and had eight children, namely : 

Dr. Andrew Meek Carothers. 

SUrkville, Miss. 


Rev. ^Robertson Carothcrs, a minister in the Cuml>er- 
land Presbyterian Church; ^Melissa Carothers, married 
Mr. Morrison; *Martha; *Polly, married Ora Bradshaw; 
*Betsj, *2seely, ^Stuart and *David Cai'others. 
^James Carothers, died young. 

The Hope and Meek Family.— Mohn IIo\>e had two 
brothers who reared large families in South Carolina. 
He married Mane Meek. She also had two brothers, 
who had families in the same State. From these two 
families sprang many people of distinction in South 

^John Hope and ^Jane Meek, his wife, had five daugh- 
ters and one son ; the eldest, ^Mary Hope, born March 
10, 1782, was married to ^John Carothers, November 
23, 1803. She died September 25, 1826. He was born 
March 19, 1775 ; died May 31, 1854. Their children's 
names are given above. 

-Margaret Hoi>e married Joseph Adams. They had 
six children, as follows: ^John H., of Yorkville, S. C. 
'Jane, married Gen. Richard McLean, of Bethel, N. C. ; 
they had one son. Col. "*John R. McTx^an, of Yorkville. 
S. C. Dr. ^William E., of Bethel, S. C. ; married a Miss 
Hayes. ^Leander, of Bethel, S. C. 'Amanda, married 
General Neal, of North Carolina. ^Emily, married H. 

^Nancy Hope married Thomas Black. They had six 
children, namely : 'Thomas, of West Point, Miss. ; 
married a Miss Smith. 'Jane, married Rev. G. W. 
Davis, of South Carolina. 'John, 'Washington, 'Ed- 
ward and 'Richard Black. 

^Isaac Hope married, and had six children. 

^Katherine Hope married a Mr. Byars. They had 
four children, namely : 'John H., 'Jane, married Rev. 
E. A. Ci^enshaw; 'Emelin, married, first, Eleazer 
Parker, and after her de^th, he married her first cousin, 
'Margaret Carothers; 'Lorena Byers, married a Mr. 
Byers, and lived at Chowdry Creek P. O., N. C. 

^Rebecca Hope married William Adams; their six 
children were : 'John, of Chowdry Creek P. O., N. C. ; 
'Susan, married James McCulley ; 'LeRoy, 'James, 
'Jane, married Hamilton Barnett, and 'Margaret, 
married David Adams. 


The above is all that I have been able to collect in 
regard to Ihe Carothers, Hope, Meek and Adams fam- 
ilies of this immediate branch. 

Cabuthers. — I will now give a sketch of another 
branch of the Caruthers family, who also settled in 
Pennsylvania, and later removed to North Carolina. 
They sjjelled their name "Caruthers." 

Among the "Black Boys" of Mecklenburg County, 
North Carolina, who destroyed the powder of General 
Waddell during the Kegulation War, which took place 
five years before the Declaration of Independence, 
there were two brothers concerned, but on opposite 
sides ; they were Robert and James Caruthers. Robert 
is said to have made the train for blowing up the kegs 
of powder; amidst the hurry and bustle of their prep- 
arations for the explosion, James recognized his brother 
Robert, notwithstanding the lampblack on his face, 
and in a low voice, which was not heard by any one 
else, said to him, "You'll rue this, Bob." Robert an- 
swered, "Hold your tongue, Jim,'' and went on with his 

Robert Caruthers, who was one of the Regulators 
before the troubles really assumed a belligerant attitude 
between England and the Colonies, was a partisan 
officer during the Revolutionary War, and a man of 
great courage and enterprise. 

The foregoing is taken from the "Old North State" 
(North Carolina) in 1776, by Rev. Eli W. Caruthers, 
page 37. 

Mrs. Margaret Caruthers was doubtless the wife of 
Robert Caruthers, though it is not distinctly stated in 
the book; tradition says Robert Caruthers married 
Margaret Gillespie before they moved from Lancaster 
County, Pennsylvania, to North Carolina, and it was 
their sons who were in the Revolution of 1776. 

This Robert Caruthers is thought by some to have 
been the uncle of ^Andrew Carothers, who married 
Margaret Neely in Pennsylvania and moved to North 
Carolina before the Revolutionary War. 'Robert 
Caruthers and his wife, Margaret Gillespie, were among 
the first settlers of the middle region of North Carolina. 


They had five sons and several daughters. All were 
respectable citizens and consistent meuibcrs of the 
church. During the Eevohitiou, three of the sons were 
in the service of their country. The eldest son, 'Kobert 
Caruther.«!, was an officer with the commission of Cap- 
tain, lie was a very active, enterprising officer, and 
almost constantly on duty. The youngest son of the 
family was kept at home to protect his parents and 
sisters and to attend to the farm. Re was killed by 
some Tories disguised as Indians. The report of a gun 
was heard near the house; the mother and daughters 
immediately went out to see Avhat it was, and found the 
youngest son on the bank of a creek near by, dead, 
with his scalp taken off, and a bloody knife lying on 
the ground by his head with which the deed was done. 
This knife had the name of a neighbor cut on the handle, 
and it was supposed in the agitation of the moment, 
arising from the fear of detection, and remorse of a 
guilty conscience, he had forgotten the knife. The 
other sons were all away in the army, and the father 
was too old for military duty. He was born about 
1715 or 1720; but it is supposed that he was away from 
home at this time with an armed body of Whigs, trying 
to protect the border settlements from the barbarities 
of the Tories and Indians, as the mother and daughters 
were without a protector. This is also from "The Old 
North State," by E. W. Caruthers. 

From the foregoing it will be seen that at the time 
of the Kevolution, ^Robert Caruthers and his wife, 
Margaret Gillespie, were perhaps fifty-five or sixty 
years of age, and that they were born about 1715 or 
1720. Their eldest son, ^Kobert, was perhaps thirty or 
thirty-five years of age, as he was the eldest of five sons 
and several daughters, the youngest son being old 
enough to take charge of the farm, and all of the daugh- 
ters had left the parental roof except one or two. 

The Kev. E. W. Caruthers says the Caruthers who 
married Margaret Gillespie was James, others of the 
descendants say that it was ^Robert, and his wife, Mar- 
garet Gillespie, w^ho moved from Lancaster County, 
Pennsylvania, to North Carolina before the Revolution. 

The above-named ^Robert Caruthers and his \rife 


were the ancestors of Judges Abram and Eobert Ca- 
ruthers, of Lebanon, Tenu. Both Avere men of dis- 
tinction in their State. 

As above stated, it is thought that this Robert Ca- 
ruthers was the uncle of James and Andrew Carothers, 
twins, who married Nancy and M^argaret Neely, sisters. 

-James Carothers and his descendants remained in 
Pennsylvania, while -Andrew Carothers went to 
Cabarrus County, North Carolina, before the Revo- 
lution, and later to South Carolina. 

^Rol)ert Caruthere, born about 1715, married Mar- 
garet Gillespie, in Scotland, it is supposed. He, with 
his two brothers, ^James and ^John Caruthers, settled 
in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, with their families, 
upon arriving in America. ^Robert and ^John removed 
to Middle North Carolina before the Revolution of 1776. 
^James remained in Pennsylvania, but one of his sons, 
^Andrew, moved to Cabarrus County, North Carolina, 
also before the Revolution. His history and that of his 
brother ^James has been given in the foregoing pages. 
^John Caruthers, brother of 'Robert, had one son called 
Jockey ^John Caruthers, and he a son, ^Elias Caruthers, 
of Cabarrus County, North Carolina. 

'Robert Caruthers and his wife, Margaret Gillespie, 
had two daughters and five sons, as follows: -Robert, 
^Sarah, Mohn, -James, a daughter, -William and -Sam- 
uel Caruthers. Margaret Gillespie had two brothers. 
Col. John Gillespie and Daniel Gillespie. Colonel John 
was in the Revolution of 1776. 

^Robert, the eldest son of 'Robert and Margaret Gil- 
lespie Caruthers, married Elizabeth Patillo in North 
Carolina. He was a Captain in the Continental Army; 
was wounded on the head at the Battle of Kings Moun- 
tain, and had a large scar from this wound. See ''Kings 
Mountain and Its Heroes," by Draper. He moved from 
Burke County, North Carolina, to Columbia, Tenn., in 
1812, and died there in 1828. He left four children, 
namely : 'Robert, ^Mary, 'Susan and 'Elizabeth 

'Robert Caruthers married Elizabeth Porter. They 
had six children, namely : ^Sarah H., *Robert, *Jaraes, 
^Elizabeth, *Mary and *Susan Caruthers. *Sarah H. 


Canitliers married Colonel Myers, of Cohimbia, Tenu. 
They had four daughters, namely: "^Belty (married 
a Mr. McDowell), 'Annie (married a Mr. Brown), "Lena 
(married a Mr. xVnderson, of Jackson, Tenn.) and ^Mary 
Myers, of Nashville, Tenn. ■'Robert Caruthers, born 
in 1827, married; his children live in Nashville, Tenn. 
Mames B. Caruthers, born in 1818. ^Mary Caruthers, 
born in 1810; married M. Davidson. ^Elizabeth 
Caruthers, married Robert Loouey; they had one son, 
^Robert Looney, who lives in Texas. '•Susan Caruthers, 
married William J. Sykes, and has two sons, namely: 
■* James, of Memphis, Tenn., and '^Charley Sykes, of 
Nashville, Tenn. (married Ella Gillespie, and has one 
son, ^Gillespie Sykes). 

^Mary Caruthers, married George Patton ; they had 
three children, namely: "George, married and had two 
children ; "Susan, married a Mr. Whitacre, and "Bettie 
Patton, married. 

^Susan Caruthers married John D. Love, and had 
three children, namely: "Joseph (married), "Jane (mar- 
ried a Mr. Wilkes) and "James Love (married, and lives 
at Culleoka, Tenn.). 

^Elizabeth Caruthers, married John D. Love, no kin 
of the one her sister Susan married. 

^Robert Caruthers and ^fargaret Gille.spie, his wife, 
had a daughter who married a Mr. Finley. ITer first 
name is not known. They lived in Lincoln County, 
Tenn., and had a Maughter who married James Caruth- 
trs, probably a relation. They had a son. Judge "John 
P. Caruthers, of Memphis, Tenn., who married Flora 
McNeil, of Bolivar, Tenn. They now live in Chicago, 
111., and have one son, "^Robert Caruthers, and perhaps 
other children. 

-William Caruthers married, and died in 1830. Tie 
owned large landed estates in Texa-s and all of his chil- 
dren went there to live. One of them, ^William Caruth- 
ers, was killed in Texas. 

-Samuel Caruthers married Elizabeth Looney, in 
Sullivan County, Tennessee. They had four children. 
He died near Dixon Springs, Tenn., in 1810. Their 
children were: ^Looney Caruthers, married and went 
to Missouri ; he had one son, "Samuel Carothers, and he 


had a son, 'Smith Carothers, who married Jeuuie Grey 
]\idle.y, of Klkton, Ky. They left two daughters. 

Jud^^e ^liobert L, Caruthers married Sallie Saunders; 
they had one daughter, who died young. lie was Judge 
of the Supreme Court of Tennessee, and lived and died 
at Lebanon, Tenn. 

Judge ^Abram Caruthers married Kliza Allen. lie 
was a distinguished lawyer. He founded the law school 
at Lebanon, Tenn., the first one establi.shed in the South, 
where many eminent men were educated in this school. 
Judge 'Caruthers died in Marietta, Ga., in 18G2. His 
children were as follows: ^William Caruthers, of 
Hartsville, Tenn., married Fanny McCall. Issue, 
six sons, namely: ''Reed, 'Robert, 'William, 'John (the 
last two were lawyers, and lived in Nashville, Tenn.), 
'Allen and 'Abram Caruthers (also of Nashville, Tenn.). 
^Samuel Caruthers married and left a family. ''Mary 
Caruthers died young. '•Louise D. Caruthers married 
General Carter. lie was killed at the Battle of Frank- 
lin, in 1865. They had two children, namely: 'Estelle 
Carter, died young; 'Edward Carter, left two children, 
namely: "Rowena and "Edward Carter. ITis wife was 
Minnie Dunn, now Mrs. Cooi>er, of Nashville, Tenn. 
■•Rebecca Caruthers married Col. ITorace Rice; she left 
one daughter, 'Maggie, who married James A. Harris; 
they have one son, "Horace Harris. '♦Sally Caruthers 
married Dr. Robertson, and had three sons. '•Eliza 
Caruthers, married Mr. Allsbrook, and had two sons. 
*Betty Caruthere married Charles M. Ewing, and had 
two children, namely: 'Caruthers Ewing, married a 
Miss Winstead ; they have two children, namely : Mulia 
and "Estelle Ewing, who live in Memphis, Tenn; 
■^Charlie Ewing (a daughter) married Ray Carey, a law- 
yer of Memphis, Tenn. ^Kate Caruthers married M. 
Edwards; has no childben. ^Robert Caruthers, died 
unmarripd. *Fanny Caruthers, married John W. Hart, 
and has two children, namely: *Winslow and *Abram 

^Nancy W. Caruthers, born in 180S, married Robert 
Maupin, of Haley, Tenn., and was living in 1880. They 
had one son, *James A. Maupin, married, of Haley, 


-Sarah Caruthers, daughter of Robert and Margai-et 
Gillespie Caruthers, married Finis Ewing; they moved 
from Burke County, North Carolina, to Tennessee. 

^John Caruthers, called ''Hunting John," married a 
Miss Rogers; he was born in 1743; died in 1822; they 
had six children, as follows: 

Eev. Mamcs Caruthers, born in 1767; lived in Eowan 
County, North Carolina; nian'ied Elizal)Oth Lawrence, 
She was born in 1772 ; died in 1851). He died in 1861. 
They had six children, as follows: Rev. *Eli W. Caruth- 
ers, born in 1793. He wrote the "History of the Old 
North State in 1776 ;" also a "Life of the Rev. David 
Caldwell," both interesting historical works. He never 
married ; died in 1805. His life was spent in North 
Carolina, his native State. His sister, *Sarah Caruth- 
ers, married John Carrigan. *El)zabeth Caruthers 
married M, McLaughlin; they had one son, ^E. C. 
McLaughlin, of Spartanburg, S. C, and was living there 
in 1890. ^Martha Caruthers married James McLaugh- 
lin. *John Caruthei-s, born in 1807; married <M. 
Knight; they lived in Rocky Springs, N. C, in 1883. 
They had four children, namely: ^James E., ^John P., 
''Samuel E. T., and ^Mary E. Caruthers, who married 
L. A. Southern, of Rock}' Springs, N. C. •'Catherine 
Caruthers married G. S. Townsend. They had two 
children, namely: °E. C. Townsend, of Greensboro, 
N. C, and a "^daughter. 

^Hugh Caruthers married Margaret Carothei'S, a kins- 
woman, a daughter of Andrew Carothers and Mar- 
garet Neely, his wife. They had one daughter, *Jane 
Caruthere, who married Silas Travis. 

^Betsy Caruthers married William Caldwell, and went 
to Tennessee from North Carolina. 

'Martha Caruthers. 

'John Caruthers. 

'Sarah Caruthers, married James Morrison, They 
moved f»om Buncombe County, North Carolina, to 

This completes this branch of the Caruthers family, 
as far as data cjin be gathered. The name is sj^lled 
tAvo ways by the same family — sometimes with "u" 
and again with "o." The older members sjielled it 


either way. In some of the old South Carolina records 
we find it spelled both ways for the same person — often 
the father one way, and the son the other. 

The Carothers family were prominent in the Conti- 
nental Army in the Caroliuas, and were Whigs and 
Pal riots. 

Family pride was a noted characteristic with them 
all. The older members always spoke to their children 
and graudchildien of their ''good blood'' as being better 
than mere peasants, or even marchauts or traders — an 
old-world idea not suited to this Democratic country. 
They always spoke of their being "gentle folk" in the 
Old Country. They were very hospitable and clannish, 
their Scotch characteristics showing plainly. They 
were also noted for their retentive memories and close 
attention to business. They had many of the fine traits 
of the sturdy Scots, and also many of their failings, bnt 
altogether the Scotch Presbyterians who emigrated to 
America in the early part of the eighteenth century 
were a noble race of people, and hare 1x3en largely in- 
strumental in making this great Republic the pride of 
the world at the present day. 

Oarruthors of Scotland coat of arms aud crest: Gu.. two 
chev. ongr. between three fleurs-de-lis. (Gu., gules, or red; 
chev., chevron ; engr., engraled, or gold, or yellow ; ppr. 
proper.) Ci-est — a seraphim volant ppr.; a cherub's head be- 
t^veeu three pairs of wings ppr. Motto — proniptus et fidelis 
(ready and faithful). 

3 : 

= G 
C 5 

P'^^'^vftiZijiT •«»^'r: 

• ::^^^^^ 





The history of the Normans, who were Scandanavians 
wJio settled in Northern Gaul, is siraply a continuation 
of the story of the Northmen. The' transformation 
which time and favoring influences wrought in these 
men is strikingly exhibited by the change that crept over 
the face and spirit of all European society at this time. 

In the ninth century they were heathen ; in the 
twelfth they were Christians. They were rough, wild, 
danger-loving Corsairs. They became the most cult ured, 
polished and chivalrous people in Europe. But the 
restless, careless, daring spirit that drove the >^orse 
Sea Kings forth upon the waves in quest of adventure 
and booty, still stirred in the breasts of their descend- 
ants. They were only changed from heathen Vikings, 
delighting in the wild life of the sea rover and jiirate, 
into Christian knights eager for pilgrimages and cru- 
sades. They united in their characters the strength, 
25 (3S.5) 


im]ci>endeiKe and daring of tlie Scandinavian with the 
vivacity, imagination and cullnrc of tliP lioniano-Gaul. 
The conntry of Normandy grew more popuk>us, both 
throngh the natural increase of the poin.lation at home 
and the arrivals of tlie fresh bands of Scandinavians 
from the Northern countries. Finally, after one hun- 
dred yciirs had passed — years, for the most part, of 
uneventful yet steady growth and development, the old 
Norse spirit of adventure revived, and Southern Europe 
and I'ngland became tlie scene of daring and brilliant 
exploits of the Norman warriors. In 3018 a company 
of Norman advanturers succeeded in gaining a foothold 
in Southern Italy, where they established a sort of 
Republic, which eventually included Nai)les and the 
Island of Sicily. The fourth President of this com- 
monwealth was Robert Guiscard, who died in 1085, a 
character almost as celebrated in his time as the 
renowned William the Conqueror. Education was 
encouraged, and the schools and colleges of the Normans 
became celebrated throughout Europe. At the i)re,sent 
day there are many descendants of these Norman 
knights living in various parts of Italy, which accounts 
for the Norman names among the Italians. The con- 
quest of England by the Normans was the most impor- 
tant of their enterprises, and one followed by conse- 
quences of greatest magnitude, not only to the couquei-ed 
p>eople, but indirectly to the world. The great battle of 
ITastings, which decided the Norman conquest of Eng- 
land, was fought October 14, 10C6. While the oi)posing 
lines were drawn up in battle array, a horseman rode 
out from the Norman lines, and advancing alone toward 
the Engli.<<h army, tossing up his sword and skillfully 
catching it as it' fell, singing all the time the stirring 
battle song of Charlemagne and Roland. The English 
watched with astonishment this exhibition of careless 
dexterity. The name of this Norman Troubador was 
said to have been Taillefer. He was knighted upon 
the field of battle for valiant conduct by the victorious 
William the Conqueror; the cei-emony consisted in 
breaking a sword above the head of the person to be 
honored. This Norman knight is supposed to have 
been the ancestor of Aymar de Taillefer, Count of 


Angouleme, who married Lady Alice de Courtenave. 
She was the daughter of Peter do Courtenaye, .sou of 
Louis VT of France; therefore, she shared the blood of 
the Capetian line. 

Their daughter. Isabella de Tailleffer, Countess of 
Angouleme, married King John (''Lackland"), of 
England, in August, 1200, and they were the ancestors 
of the subsc'iueut occupants of the British throne. See 
Hume's "History of England,'' Vol. T, p. 44L 

The Taillellers seltlcd in Devonshire after the Con- 
quest. Later some of them went to Scotland, and still 
later some of them to the English Colonies in America. 
For the origin of the Tailliaferro family of Virginia, 
there are rival traditions, the one most generally ac- 
cepted is that they were of Norman descent, the original 
name having been Taillefer, being derived from the 
Latin words taJlis and fcrnim, as the Halian words 
tagliori and fcrro signify to cut Avith iron. Another 
tradition is that they were of Halian descent, and that 
the name was TagliaVerro, but the weight of evidence is 
with the idea of Norman extraction. The name Taglia- 
ferro is now common in Italy. It is found in Koine, 
Florence, Naples, and especially in Milan. It is sup- 
posed thev are the descendants of the Normans of that 
name who went to Italy in 1018 and established a 
Republic there at that time. 

The name Isabella is kept up in the Taliaferro family 
in America down to the present day. We nowhere find 
in the records in Virginia the name spelled Tagliaferro. 
It is either Tallifer or Taliaferro. We find a number 
of large land grants recorded in the State Land Kegistiy 
oflSce, beginning with one to Robert Taliaferro and 
Lawrence Smith jointly, of 6,300 acres of land in Rap- 
paliannock Countv, Virginia, on May 26, 1661, Book 
No. 5, p. 597. 

€opii:s OK Land Deeds of the Taliaferros in Virginia, 
FROM 1666 TO 1808. 

1. Deed fr^m Francis Taliaferro, of the County of 
Gloucester, in the Colon v of Virginia, Gent., son and 


heir apparent of Robert Talliaferro, late of the County 
of Rai'p;!., in the Colony aforesaid, reciting that the 
safd Koliort Talliaferro jointly with Lawrence Smith, 
of thvi C -unty of Glonccster, on the 26th day of March, 
1(506, did take up and survey and patent six thousand 
and tliioii hundred acres of land in the County of Rap- 
pahannock; and conveying to his brother, John Talia- 
ferro, one thousand acres of said land, consideration 
natural love and afTection, and for the advancement of 
the said John, who intended, by the permission of 
Almighty God, to marry with Sarah, the daughter of 
the said Lawrence Smith. Dated September 28, 1G82. 

2. Deed from same, conveying to his brothers, Rich- 
ard and Charles Taliaferro, sixteen hundred acres, part 
of the same patent dated as above. 

3. Deed from Robert Taliaferro, of the County of 
Rapp., and Sarah, his wife, to John Battallie, for three 
hundred acres on south side of Rappk. River, being a 
part of six hundred acres bequeathed to Elizabeth and 
Sarah Catlett by Mr. John Catlett, deceased. Dated 
March 30, 1087. 

4. Deed from Francis Taliaferro and Elizabeth, his 
wife, to same for the other half of said land. Dated 
September 9, 1687. 

5. Bond of John Taliaferro, as Sheriff of Essex 
County, commissioned by His Excellency, Francis 
Nicholson, Esq., His Majesty's Lieutenant and Governor 
General of Virginia, June 19, 1699. Sureties: John 
Battallie and Bernard Gaines. 

6. Deed from Francis Taliaferro and Elizabeth, his 
wife, to Augustine Smith, of Gloucester County, for 
four hundred and sixteen acres, one moity of a patent 
granted Col. John Catlett, the 11th of September, 1660, 
for 792 acres. Dated March 1, 1701. 

7. Patent from Sir William Berkley, Knt. Governor 
and Captain General, etc., to Robert Taliaferro and 
Lawrence Smith for 6,300 acres. Dated March 20, 1666. 
Recorded June, 1704. 

8. Deed from John Taliaferro and Richard Buckner 
to John Loraax and Elizabeth, his wife, who was Eliz- 
abeth Wormley, conveying Port Tobago, containing 
3,400 acres, and also a parcel of land in Petso Parish, 


in the County of Gloucester, containing by estimation 
400 acres, both of which tracts had been conveyed to 
the same Taliaferro and Buckner for the use, etc., of 
the said Elizabeth. Dated July S, 1704. 

9. Dc^d from Charles Taliaferro to Eobert Slaughter, 
for three hundred acres in the freshes of the Rappahan- 
nock Kiver, on the south side in the forest, being a part 
of a patent bearing date November 2, 1705, to said 
Charles Taliaferro, for OGG acres. Dated January 7, 

10. Deed from John Taliaferro and Richard Buckner 
to John Lomax and Elizabeth, his wife, conveying the 
same property as the deed of July 8, 1704 (Port Tobago 
and land in Gloucester). Dated April 1, 1707. 

11. Bond of Elizabeth Taliaferro as Administrator of 
Francis Taliaferro, dated August 10, 1710. Sureties, 
John Catlett and Richard Buckner. 

12. Deed from Richard Taliaferro, of the County of 
Richmond, and Charles Taliaferro, of the County of 
Essex, to William Woodford, conveying 1,G00 acres, 
same conveyed to them by Francis Taliaferro. Dated 
May 9, 1711. 

13. Deed from Robert Taliaferro to Augustine Smith 
for 200 acres of woodland in Parish St. Mary's, in Essex 
County. Dated August 8, 1711. 

14. Deed from same to Samuel Short for 100 acres, 
part of a ti-act of 7.S9 acres granted Robert Taliaferro, 
deceased, father of said Robert, in Essex County, 
August 8, 1711. 

15. Deed from John Taliaferro to his son, Lawi-ence 
Taliaferro, for 300 acres, March 20, 1716. 

16. Bond of John Taliaferro as administrator of 
Elizabeth Taliaferro, March 20, 1716. Akso appraise- 
ment and account of administration. 

17. Deed from Charles Taliaferro to John Bourne 
for sixty-seven acres, July 15, 1717. 

18. Deed from John Taliaferro to John Taliaferro, 
Jr., conveying two plantations containing by estimation 
one thousand acres (same conveyed to John Taliaferro, 
Sr., by Francis), January 21, 1717. 

19. Deed from same to same for 300 acres, part of 
patent granted to Robert Taliaferro and Lawrence 
Smith. Dated Februarv 17, 1717/8. 


20. Deed from Robert Taliaferro, only son and heir 
apparent of Robert Taliaferro, to Thomas Catlett, for 
200 acres, August 11, 1718. 

21. Deed from same to Samuel Short for twenty-five 
acres (part of a patent of 730 acres granted Robert 
Taliaferro, Sr.), September 3, 1719. 

22. Deed of Lawrence Taliaferro and John Rattallie 
to Zachariah Taliaferro for three negroes from the 
estate of John Taliaferro in consideration of the said 
Zachariah, releasing his interest in the estate of his 
father, John Taliaferro, to his brother, Lawrence, 
November 20, 1721. 

23. Deed from Robert Taliaferro to Henry and 
Thomas Samuel, 100 acres, part of Catlett's patent. 

24. Deed from Robert Taliaferro to John Battallie 
for 600 acres, February 1, 1722. 

25. Deed from Robert Taliaferro to Paul Micon for 
621 acres, 321 on which the said Taliaferro then resided, 
and 300 adjoining, given him by his father, John Talia- 

26. Deed from Robert Taliaferro to James Noel for 
296 acres at the head of Occupacia Creek, adjoining the 
land sold Samuels, May 7, 1723. 

27. Deed from Charles Taliaferro to Thomas Cash 
for 100 acres, September 11, 1723. 

28. Deed of gift from Robert Taliaferro, the elder, to 
his daughters, Anne and Elizabeth, for two negro girls, 
January 18, 1724. 

29. Deed from Charles Taliaferro to Charles Talia- 
ferro, his son, for seven negro men and six women, 
February 1.5> 1724. 

30. Deed from John Taliaferro, of Essex, to Robert 
Taliaferro, of Stafford County, for 400 acres in Essex 
County, July 19, 1725. 

31. Deed from John Taliaferro to Thomas Catlett, 
ten acres, August 17, 1725. 

32. Deed from Robert Taliaferro to Richard Buckner 
for a tract of land known as Church Neck, being 600 
and odd acres, part of the patent of 739 acres granted 
to Robert Taliaferro, Sr., a part (125 acres) having 
been sold to Samuel Short, April 20, 1726. 

33. Deed from Charles Taliaferro to Thomas Schouler 
for 128 acres, October 13, 1726. 


34. Will of Lawrence Taliaferro, May 7, 1726. 

35. Will of Robert Taliaferro, December 3, 1725, 
proved June 26, 1726. 

36. Will of Zacbariah Taliaferro, dated February 1, 
1721/2, proved May 21, 1745. 

37. Deed from James O. Taliaferro ajid Wilbelmina, 
his wife, to John Pratt, of Caroline, conveying Fox 
Hall, containing 1224 acres, March 22, 180S. 

Some abstracts from Deed and Will Books now 
among the archives of Essex County Court in the State 
of Virginia. 

James Roy Micon% 

June 8, 1883. Clerk. 

Land Grants to Taliaferros in Virginia, 

The following land grants are exhibited by the State 
Land Registry Office: 

Roliert Tal lifer and Lawrence Smith, 6,300 acres in 
Rappahannock County, March 26, 1061. Book Ko. 5, 
p. 597. 

Francis Taliaferro and Henry Price, 805 acres in 
Essex County, Octol>er 26, 1694. Book No. 8. p. 402. 

John Taliaferro, 229 acres in Essex County, May 2, 
1705. Book No. 9, p. 673. 

Charles Taliaferro, 966 acres in Essex County, No- 
vember 2, 1705. Book No. 9, p. 692. 

Charles Taliaferro, 1,071 acres in Rappahannock 
County, November 5, 1712. Book No. 10, p. 68. 

Charles Taliaferro, 5351/2 acres in Essex County, 
April 8, 1710. Book No. 10, p. 374. 

Lawi-ence Taliaferro, 220 acres in Essex County, 
December 19, 1711. Book No. 10, p. 54. 

Lawrence and John Taliaferro, Jr., 2,474 acres in 
Essex County, July 11, 1719. Book No. 10, p. 118. 

Charles Taliaferro, of Essex County, 353 acres in 
Spottsylvania County, October 13, 1727, and 1,000 
acres in Essex County, September 8, 1728. Book No. 
13, pp. 162 and 357. 

Mary and Elizabeth Taliaferro, 1,482 acres in Spott- 
sylvania County, June 5, 1733. Book No. 15, p. 8. 


Eichard Taliaferro, 783 acres iu Brnuswick County, 
September 5, 1740. Book No. 27, p. 398. 

Lawrence Taliaferro, 1G2 acres in Caroline County, 
January 12, 1747. Book No. 28, p. 357. 

Zachariah Taliaferro, 740 acres in Albemarle County, 
September 10, 1755. Book No. 31, p. 085. 

Samuel Taliaferro, fifty, forty, and four hundred 
acres in Albemarle County, August 19, 1758. Book No. 
33, p. 4G6. 

Charles Taliaferro, 480 acres in Albemarle County, 
May 23, 1763. Book No. 35, p. 197. 

Zachariah Taliaferro, fourteen acres in Amherst 
County, March 27, 17G8. Book No. 36, p. 1067. 

Lawrence Taliaferro, 400 acres iu Amherst County, 
1767. Book No. 36, p. 160. 

Zachariah Taliaferro, sixty-two acres in Amherst 
County, September 10, 1757. Book No. 37, p. 78. 
- Zachariah Taliaferro, ninety-nine acres in Albemarle 
County, July 14, 1769. Book No. 38, p. 833. 

Samuel Taliaferro, 400 acres in Albemarle County, 
December 7, 1774. Book No. 42, p. 857. 

Colonial and Continental Record of Some of the 

2John Taliaferro was a Lieutenant commanding a 
company of mounted rangers against the Indians in 
1692, and Justice of the Peace of Essex County, Vir- 
ginia, in 1695. 

*William Taliaferro, of '-Ilockley," was a resident of 
King and Queen County, Virginia, a vestryman of 
"Stratton's Major" Parish. He was Captain in 2d 
Virginia Regiment; commissioned September 29, 
1775, and Major February 1, 1777; taken prisoner at 
BrandyT\ine, September 11, 1777; died February 1, 
1778. He was a man of fine standing. 

*Nicholas Taliaferro, Ensign 4th Virginia Regiment; 
commission, August 15, 1777; Second Lieutenant, 
November 15, 1777. Regiment designated 6th Virginia, 
September 14, 1778; taken prisoner at Charlestown, 
May 12, 1780 ; exchanged ; First Lieutenant, February, 
1781 ; served to close of war. 


^Benjamin Taliaferro, Second Lieutenant 6th Vir- 
ginia Itegimeut, March 4, 1776; First Lieutenant 
August 7, 1776; Captain September 23, 1777; trans- 
ferred to 2d Virginia Regiment Septemljer 14, 1778; 
taken prisoner at Cliarlesto'^u, May 12, 17S0; prisoner 
on parole till close of war; died September 3, 1821, in 
Wilkes County, Georgia. lie was an original member 
of the Order of the Cincinnati. 

"Eichard Taliaferro, born May 2.3, 1759, served in the 
ai-my in Virginia in 1776 as Captain, and was entitled 
to half pay as he enlisted for the war. This promise 
was never redeemed by the Government. He died in 
Che.ster District, South Carolina, in 1806. See Pension 
Eecords at Washington, D. C. 

^'Zachariah Taliaferro, of Pendleton, S. C, sixth in 
descent from the first Robert Taliaferro, of Gloucester 
County, Virginia, often told his children the story 
of one of his ancestors, a proud Virginia dame of 
the Colonial period, boasting that her father traced his 
ancestral lines to one of the noted standard l)earers of 
the Norman Conquest, he being the first man to set 
foot on English soil and plant the standard of William 
the Conqueror, which was never to go down. 

Another story is that three Taliaferro brothers came 
to Virginia from England. One died young, never 
having married; one was supposed to have left no 
children by the name of Taliaferro, but left Craig de- 
scendants, he having married a widow Craig, taking 
her name for reasons satisfactory to himself and his 
elder brother, ^Robert Taliaferro. These two brothers 
were not friendly, their families having no communica- 
tion with one another, and when they separated Ihey 
divided some family jewels. One ring, which they con- 
sidered a valuable heirloom, each wanted. They 
decided the dispute by cutting the ring, making two 
complete circles, each taking one. Ex-Governor Smith, 
of Georgia, a descendant of ^Robert Taliaferro, is 
authority for this story, saying he had seen one of the 
rings. two were ^Robert Taliaferro and his 
brother, who took the name of Craig. Those who have 


thoroughly investigated the subject are convinced that 
the family were of Norman descent, going to England 
from Normandy with William the Conqueror in 10G6. 

^Robert Taliaferro, the first of the name that we find 
upon record in Virginia, was born about 1(335, and died 
about 1700. He married a daughter of the Kev. Charles 
Grymes, an Episcopal clergyman; they reared a dis- 
tinguished family, 

^Eobert's brother, who, tradition says, took the name 
of Craig, was lost sight of by ^Robert's descendants, 
and only a few members of the family knew that they 
were related. 

On March 26, 1G66, ^Lawrence Smith, "Gentleman,", 
and ^Robert Taliaferro, "Gentleman," located and had 
deeded to them a land grant of 6,300 acres jointly in 
Rappahannock County, Virginia. ^Robert Taliaferro 
lived in Rappahannock County, Virginia, in 1666, and 
in 1682 he removed to Gloucester County. This county 
was divided in 1602 into what has since been Essex and 
Richmond Counties. 

It is not known to the writer whether or not 'Robert 
Taliaferro had daughters; but he had five sons, namely : 
^Francis, ^John, ^Richard, ^Charles and -Robert. 

-Francis, the eldest son, married Elizabeth Catlett 
He was living in 1682 ; was a Justice of the Peace in 
Essex County, and ^Robert, the son, married 
Sarah Catlett, both being daughters of John Catlett, 
who was a native of England. He had a grant of land 
in 1650 in Rappahannock County, Virginia. 

^John Taliaferro married Sarah Smith, daughter of 
Col. Lawrence Smith, one of the grantees of the above- 
mentioned 6,300 acres of land. 

-Francis Taliaferro, "Gent.," who married Eliz- 
abeth Catlett, was bom in 1655, and died in 1710. 
He had no children, therefore ^John, the second son, 
became heir apparent to his father, 'Robert Taliaferro., 
Mohn Taliaferro, "Gent.," of "Powhattan," second son, 
born in 1656, married Sarah Smith in 1680, and died in 
1720. They had at least five sons (may have had 
others), namely: ^Lawrence, ^Zacharias, 'John, 'Robert 
and 'Richard Taliaferro. 

^Richard Taliaferro, born in 1660, died in 1712, 


married Elizabeth Eggleston. He had one Maugliter, 
and may have had other childreu. This daughter mar- 
ried Thomas Turner, and tliey had one son, ^ilenry Tur- 
ner. Col. Turner Ashley, of Virginia, was descended 
from this family. 

^Charles Taliaferro, born in 1663, married Mary 
Carter, and died in 1734. He had one son, Tharles, 
who lived in Essex County, Virginia, in 1724. Their 
daughter, *Mary Taliaferro, married a ^Ir. Grinnan. 
They had two daughters, ^Sarah and ^Catherine Grin- 
nan. This is from Charles Taliaferro's will, now in 
possession of Colonel Grinnan, in Virginia. 

^Eobert Taliaferro, bora in 1667, married Sarah Cat- 
lett before 1710, and had three children (perhaps 

others). ^Robert married , lived in Stafford 

County, Virginia, in 1725. T^ft one *daughter, who 
married Francis Taliaferro; they had a son, ^Francis 
W., who married a Miss Taliaferro, and a daughter, 

^Eobert Taliaferro's two daughter were: ^Elizabeth 
and ^Anne. We do not know whom they married, but 
on January 18, 1724, their father, -Eobert Taliaferro, 
gave each a tract of land and had deed recorded August 
11, 1718. He also executed a deed to Thomas Catlett, 
in which he calls himself "heir apparent" to ^Eobert 
Taliaferro. It seems that ^John and ^Eobert both 
claimed to be heir apparent to their father. ^Eobert 
Taliaferro's will was recorded in Essex County, Vir- 
ginia, in 1726. See County Eecords. 

In 1682, "Francis Taliaferro executed a deed as heir 
apparent of ^Eobert Taliaferro to his brother, ^John 
Taliaferro, for one thousand acres of the 6,300 acres 
of land granted to ^Robert Taliaferro and Lawrence 
Smith, in anticipation of ^John's marriage to the 
daughter of Lawrence Smith. In this deed, ^Francis 
is called ^Francis Taliaferro, "Gentleman." This 
fact goes to prove that the Taliaferros were English 
rather than Italians, as there is no such title among 
the Italians. 

I have already given the names of the five sons of 
=^John Taliaferro and his wife, Sarah Smith. I will 
now give their descendants, as follows : 


^Lawrence Taliaferro, born in 1681, died in 1726, 

married Sarali . I have a copy of his will. 

See Records of Essex County, Virginia. Ilis children 
were as follows: 

^Francis of "Epsom," married Elizabeth Hay, and 
they had seven children, as follows: ^Anne, born in 
1731, nianied ]iichard Brooke, of Smithfield, Va., in 
1750; they had five children, namely: ''Lawrence 
Brooke, was in the navy during the Revolution of 1776; 
was on the Bon Jlomme Richard with Commodore John 
Paul Jones ; do not know who he married ; he died in 
1799. Mohn Brooke, was an oflicer in the Continental 
Army in 1776. "Robert Brooke, married Mollie Ritchie; 
he was a cavalry officer during the War of 1776, and 
was afterwards Governor of Virginia and General. 
^Francis Brooke, married, first Mary Randolph Spottis- 
wood, a descendant of Gen. Alexander Spottiswood; 
second, Mary Champe Carter, a daughter of Edward 
Carter, of "Blenheim," descendant of "King Carter." 
"Francis Brooke was a Captain in the Continental 
Ai'my, and afterwards a Judge of the Snj)erior Court 
in Virginia. A "daughter, Miss Brooke, married 
Fountaine Jfaury; they had two children, namely: 
^Richard and ^Butler Maury. ^Lawrence Taliaferro 
(son of ^Francis of "Epsom"), born in 1729, married, 
first, Mary Jackson; second, Sarah Dace, of "Rose 
Hill." They had eleven children, as follows: "Anne, 
married William Fitzhugh. "Sarah, married, first, 
William Dace; second, Capt. Francis Dace, of "Rose 
Hill." "Hay, born in 1775, married Susan Conway, 
daughter of Capt. Catlett Conway, of "Hawfield," 
Orange County; he (Captain Conway) was Captain in 
the Revolution of 1776. "Baldwin, married Anne Spot- 
tiswood, of Woodstock; they removed to Tennessee. 
"Francis, married Henrietta Thornton and removed to 
Kentucky. "Elizabeth, married Battallie Fitzhugh, 
of Santee, Caroline County. "Pattie, married Dr. 
William Fitzhugh, of Faquier County. "Lawrence; 
'"Mary; "Verlinda. married Catlett Conway, Jr., of 
Greene County ; and "Georgiana Taliaferro, who never 
married. "^John Taliaferro, born in 1738. 'Hay Talia- 
ferro, born in 1740, married Lucy Taliaferro. 'Eliz- 


abeth Taliaferro, born in 1741, married, first, Capt. 
William Taliaferro; second, Benjamin Humes. ^Fran- 
cis Taliaferro, who inherited "Epsom,'' the family seat, 
married a Miss Taliaferro; they had three children, 
namely: Dr. ^Benjamin, Rev. ^Charles and "^John Talia- 
ferro. ^ Taliaferro, married a Miss Zanotte. 

^William Taliaferro, brother of ^Francis of "Epsom," 
born in 1710, lived in King and Queen County, Virginia. 
The name of his wife is not known. They had nine 
children. He was a ve.stryman in "Stratton's Majoi*" 
Parish, and Sheriff of King and Queen County in 1742 
and 1743. The following is his record in the Eevohition- 
ary Army: Captain of 2d Virginia Regiment, commis- 
sioned September 29, 1775; Major, February 1, 1777; 
taken prisoner at Brandywine, September 11, 1777; died 
February 1, 177S. He Avas a man of fine standing in 
his county. He is sometimes confounded with Col. 
William Taliaferro, of "Snow Creek," a kinsman. This 
*William Taliaferro's children were: Col. ^Philip Talia- 
ferro, of "Hockley," married Lucy Bay top, daughter of 
Col. James or Thomas Bay top, a veteran of the Revolu- 
tion. He had large estates in Gloucester County, Vir- 
ginia, granted to him by the King of England ; his wife 
was a descendant of "King Carter." They had a daugh- 
ter, ^Eose Taliaferro, who married Col. Richard Shack- 
elford, and they had six children, namely: ^Elizabeth 
Lyiine Shackelford, married Gov. Archibald Woods, of 
Kentuckv. She was born in 1793, and was living in New 
York City in ISSO. She had seven children, as follows: 
A ^daughter, married Gen, James Estelle; a ^son, in 
United States Army ; a ^daughter, married a Mr. Craig, 
of New York; a ^daughter, married David Jones; 
^Florrie Woods, married an Englishman ; ^Josie Woods, 
married an Englishman; a ^daughter, married William 
E. Garrison, of New York, N. Y. 'Philip Shackelford, 
of Virginia and Missouri; 'Baytop Shackelford, 'Rich- 
ard Shackelford, 'William Shackelford, of Madison 
County, Kentucky, and 'Taliaferro Shackelford, who 
married Hattie Cotrell, of Baltimore, Md. They had 
one daughter, ^Fanny Shackelford, living in Baltimore 
unmarried in 1880. "Dr. William Taliaferro (brother 
of Col. Philip, of "Hockley') married, first, ^fary; 


second, Harriet Throckmorton; third, a Miss Harper. 
They liad three sous, namely: ^Warner, married, first, 
F. Boothe, and second, L. Seldon, and left children. 
^Alexander Gault, married Agues Marshall, grand- 
daughter of Chief Justice John Marshall, of Virginia, 
and left children. Dr. nVilliam Taliaferro, left no 
children. "^Elizaljeth Taliaferro, married Col. Lynne 
Shackelford. They had five children, namely: "Lynne 
Shackelford, married a Miss Dabuey; "^John Shackel- 
ford, went to North Carolina, and is ancestor of many 
distinguished persons of the uame in that State. •'Ben- 
jamin Shackelford, went to Kentucky and left many 
descendants there. "Richard Shackelford, the fourth 
son of Col. Lynne Shackelford and Elizabeth Taliaferro, 
his wife, married "Eose Taliaferro, his cousin. They 
lived in Virginia and Kentucky. "George L. Shackel- 
ford married ISfartha Hockeday!! He was born in 1780, 
and married in ISOO, in Kentucky. Their son, ^James 
Shackelford, married Melissa Walker, and lived in 
Madison County, Kentucky, Their son, *Zack Shackel- 
ford, married Annie Goddard, and lives in Denver, Col. 
"James Taliaferro married, first, Kate Boothe, and sec- 
ond, a widow Thornton ; he had a son, "Thomas B., who 
married a Miss Sinclair. Rev. ^ Taliaferro mar- 
ried, first, a Miss Oliver, then a Miss Piemounte. He 
had three sons, namely : "James, "Benjamin and "Rich- 
ard Taliaferro, ^Richard Taliaferro, of ''Hockley," 
married Betsey Wedderbourne. They had a son, "John 
Taliaferro, who married Eleanbra Anderson. '^Thomas 
Taliaferro married Sarah Oliver. They had four chil- 
dren, namely: "Thomas, married ; "Gabrielle, 

married a ^fr. Davis ; "Lewis, married Catherine Doss- 
well and "Martha Taliaferro, married a Mr. Fox. 
"^George Taliaferro, married Louisa Dickson, They had 
one "daughter, who married Charles Gwyne, "^Mary 
Taliaferro married, first, a Mr. Smithers ; second, a Mr. 

The youngest brother of *Francis Taliaferro, of 
"Epsom," was *John, of Petersburg, Va. He married a 
Miss Hannon. They had three children, as follows: 
''Richard, married a Miss Baldwin ; they had one son, 
Judge "Norbourne M. Taliaferro. ''John, married Eliz- 


abeth Thornton. '^Annie Taliaferro, married Nicholas 
Taliaferro, her second cousin. 

The sisters of ^Francis of "Epsom" were: ^Elizabeth, 
*Alice, *Mary and ^Sarah Taliaferro. We do not know 
whom they married. 

^Zachariah Taliaferro, second son of -John, of 'Tow- 
hattan" and Sarah Smith, his wife, was born in 1G83, 
and died in 1745. See Essex and Eappahannock County 
(Virginia) Records. The name of his wife is unknown 
to members of his family now living. He may have 
had sons and daughters, but we have record of only 
OQe son, ^Richard Taliaferro, who was born at "Talia- 
ferro's , Mount," in 1706; married Rose Anne Berryman, 
June 10, 1726. He died at Port Royal, Caroline County, 
Virginia, September 27, 1748. The above information 
was obtained from examination of the family Bible and 
original records now in possession of members of his 

The following is taken from the Richmond (Virginia) 

"*Capt. Richard Taliaferro, of Caroline County, Vir- 
ginia, a son of Zachariah Taliaferro, was born prior to 
V 1706. He married, June 10, 1726. He died September 
27, 1748. He patented, prior to 1746, more than 10,000 
acres of land in the present Counties of Amherst and 

He was called Capt. Richard Taliaferro. He may 
have served in the Colonial troops in Virginia, but we 
have no record of his services. He and his wife, Rose 
Berryman, had eleven children. The record of their 
births and deaths is in the old family Bible now in 
possession of Judge James Govan Taliaferro's descend- 
ants, who live at Harrisonburg, La. Their children are 
as follows: 

"Sarah Taliaferro, born June 7, 1727; married John 
Lewis. They had eight children, as follows: ^Robert, 
born in 1752; died in Kentucky in 1799. ^Taliaferro, 
born in February, 1755; died in Virginia in July, 1810. 
"John, born in 1757 ; died in Georgia in 1840 ; married 
Anne Berry Earle, of South Carolina; he was a soldier 
in the Revolution of 1776. 'Mildred McCoy, born in 
1759; married Thomas Rowland; died in South Caro- 
lina in 1847, leaving eleven children ; one son, 'John, 


married Frances M. T^wis; their daughter, ^Mildred, 
man-ied H. H. Thompson; their son, ^William W., mar- 
ried Jessie Means; their daughter, ^"Alberta, married 
Vernon Mackenfuss, of Spartanburg, S. C. "Charles, 
born in 17G1, married Elizabeth Russell; died in North 
Carolina. "Jesse, born in 1763; married Nancy Clark- 
sou; died in Louisiana. "Richard, born in 1705; mar- 
ried Sarah Miller; died in South Carolina. "Henr}^ 
Lewis, born in 1767; married a Miss Mills; died in 
North Carolina. 

^Benjamin Taliaferro, born in 1728, the eldest son, 
died March 6, 1751; we have no record of his descend- 
ants, if he left any. 

^Zachariah Taliaferro, born August 29, 1730, was in 
early life Captain of a ship; was afterwards Justice of 
Amherst County. He married Mary Boutwell, and 
they had ten children, as follows: "Benjamin, the eldest 
son, of Amherst County, Virginia, born in 1750, and 
died in 1821, married Martha Merri weather. He 
served under General Washington in 1777-78; also 
under General Lee; was made a prisoner at the 
capture of Charleston, S. C. ; was promoted to 
Captain. He was one of the original members of 
the Order of the Cincinnati. He and his brother, "Zach- 
ariah, were in love with Martha Merriweather, of Am- 
herst County, Virginia; "Benjamin won and married 
her. This caused a lifetime estrangement between the 
brothers. "Benjamin moved to Georgia in 1784, at tlie 
close of the Revolution. He was a member of the con- 
vention that formed the State Constitution, before its 
admission into the Federal Union ; was Pre^sident of 
the State Senate, member of the United States Con- 
gress, and afterwards Judge of the Superior Court of 
the State. He lived and died a respected citizen of 
Georgia, and amassed a large fortune. The present 
Taliaferro County was so called in his honor. He had 
eleven children, as follows: ^Louis B., married Betsy 
Johnson, and lived many years in Madison County, 
Alabama, but died in Nathaifloches, Texas. He had one 
son, ''Nicholas, who left no children. 'Zachariah; we 
have no account of his descendants. ''Betsey; never 
married. ''Emily; married Isham Watkins. ^Ben- 

Mrs. Elizabeth Edwards Taliaferro Pilcher. 

Wife of John Pilcher. 


jamiii, the third son, inaiiicd ^Martha Watkius; they 
moved to Alabama iu 1810, and he died at Demopolis, 
Marengo County, Ahibama, in lsr»2. They had tlii-ee 
sons, namely: "^Renjamin W., Avho fell under the mnr- 
derous hand of Santa Anna, in the slaughter of Fannin's 
men at Goliad, Texas, in 1836, when he wa.s just twenty- 
one years of age; ^Theophilns W., bom December 20, 
1820' in Washington County, Alal)ama. Seived in the 
Mexican War of 1845; afterwards went to Califoniia, 
where he married a Spanish lady; he became a Judge 
of one of the courts in that State, and a man of promi- 
nence and wealth. He left three children, namely: 
^Marie, Trank and ^Benjamin Taliaferro. All lived at 
916 Greenwich Street, in San Francisco, Cal., in 
1904. ^David M. Taliaferro, was living at Birmingham, 
Ala-, in 1890. The fourth son of Col. ^Benjamin Talia- 
ferro was ^David M. Taliaferro, of Montgomery, Ala., 
who married Mayy Barnett; he died in 1828, and left 
three daughters. " The fifth son was Col. '^Thornton 
Taliaferro, who commanded a regiment of Alabama 
troops in 1836, in the war against the Seminole Indians 
in Florida ; he married, first, a Miss Ware ; then a Miss 
Tichnor, and lived in Montgomery, Ala., and had two 
children, namely ^Sally Taliaferro, married, first, J. 
Bates, and second, Colonel Taylor; she was living in 
Birmingham, Ala., in 1890. ^Thornton Taliaferro, her 
brother, was living in Montgomery, Ala., in 1888. 
'Nicholas Taliaferro, sixth son, lived and died at his 
father's old homestead on Broad Eiver, Georgia. He 
married Malinda Hill, paternal aunt of Gen. Ben Hill, 
of Georgia, and left several 'sons. 'Martha Taliaferro, 
married David Monroe, '^^fargaret Taliaferro, married 
Joseph Green, and 'Mary Taliaferro, married . 

The second son of ''Zacharias Taliaferro and Mary 
Boutwell, ^Richard, never married. 

The tbird son, ^Zacharias, bora April 28, 1759, mar- 
ried Margaret CheV' Carter (a descendant of King 
Carter). He was a member of the Committee of Safety 
of Amherst County, Virginia, in 1775 and 1776. and 
afterwards went to South Carolina. He was a lawyer 
of prominence, and lived in Pendleton, South Carolina, 
in 1786; he-died April 14, 1831. They left four chil- 


drcn, namely: 'Sarah Taliaferro, born June 2, 1803; 
married Dr.'O. B. Broyles, of Anderson, S. C, in 1823; 
was living in 3805. Their children were: ^Charles E., 
mariied Lucy Johnson, of Georgia; issue: ^Charles E., 
"Laura, »Sarah A., "Robert, "Frank and "Sterling 
Broyles, all of South Carolina. ^William If., married 
Rebecca Taliaferro. '"Margaret C, married Dr. Samuel 
Van AA'yck, of Pendleton, S. C, and had one son, "Sam- 
uel Van Wyck. *'Ozea R., married Ella Keith, of 
Charleston, S. C. ; issue: "Anna, "Sarah and "Roberta 
Broyles. ^Sarah A. Broylas married William D, 
Williams, of Greeneville, Tenn.; issue: "William, 
"Lucian, "Margie, "John and "Nannie Williams. *Mal- 
lory Broyles, married B. Taliaferro. ^Thomas T. 
Broyles, married, first, Mary Rainey, of Georgia; sec- 
ond, Betty Harrison ; issue: "Anne, "Matty and "Sarah 
Broyles; *John P. Broyles, married Betty Hullard, 
of Anderson, S. C. ; is.sue: "Augustine and "John 
Brovles. 'Lucv Taliaferro, born in 1800, married Col. 
D. S. Taylor, of Anderson, S. C, in 1826. Their nine 
children ai-e: ^Rose A., married Dr. Samuel De 
Saussure Bacot, of Charleston; they had issue as fol- 
lows: "David, "Florence, "Newton (of Richmond, Va.) 
and "Laura Bacot (married Paul Jenkins, of South 
Carolina). ^Lucy C. Taylor, married R. E. Belcher, of 
Anderson, S. C. ; issue: "Robert I'>elcher. ^Susan A. 
Taylor, married E. L. Parker, of Charleston, S. C. ; 
issue: "Susan Parker. ^Samuel Taylor, died in the 
Confederate Army. ^David S. Taylor, married Bessie 
Rucker, of Anderson, S. C; issue: "Marion, "Anne and 
"Tallulah Taylor. ^Earnest M. Taylor, married Mary 
Bacot, of Charleston, S. C. ; issue: "Earnest and 
•Louise Taylor. ®Ena W. Taylor, married Annie Bacot, 
of Charleston, S. C; issue: "David Taylor. ^Zachariah 
Taylor, married Mary Merriweather ; issue: "Mary R. 
(married Dr. DeAmpert, of Alabama), "Zachariah 
(married Miss Rogers, of Charleston, S. C), "Joseph, 
"David, "James, "Samuel, "William and "Gertrude 
Taylor; and ^Joseph D. Taylor and Ellen King, his 
wife, had four children, as follows: "Elineter (married 
W. H. Heynard, of Charleston), "Taliaferro, "Gordon 
and "Hugh Taylor. "Mary M. Taliaferro, born in 1808, 


married Maj. R. F. Sirapsou, of Laurens, S. C, Decem- 
ber 27, 1836; issue: "Taliaferro Simpson, killed at the 
Battle of Chickamauga, September 20, 1863. ^Richard 
Simpson, married ^faria Yarlington, of I/aurens 
County, South Carolina, in 1863; isi*ue: "Margaret, 
^Mary, ^Conway, ®Jobu, ^Jennie, "Susan, "Anne, "Rich- 
ard and "Taliaferro. "Susan married Paul Sloan, of 
Pendleton, S. C, June 30, 1886; issue: "Marie L. Sloan. 
"Mary Simpson married Thomas L. Williams, of Greene- 
villc^Tenn., ]\fay 3, 1870; issue "Eliza S., "Richard F., 
"William D., "Margaret T., "Thomas L., "Catherine 
D., "Mary, "Maria L. and "Annie S. Williams. ^Caro- 
line V. Taliaferro was married to Dr. H. C. Miller, of 
Abbeville, S. C, May 1, 1844; issue: «Henry C, born 
January 27, 1845; killed at the Battle of Strasburg, 
Va., October 19, 1864. «William G., married Edith 
Walker, of Charlestown, S. C, February 7, 1871, and 
had nine children, namely: "Henry, born January 5, 
1872 ; "Perceville W., born May 7, 1873 ; "Dora M., born 
November 8, 1875; "Mattv P., born Februarv 10, 1877; 
^Caroline V., born May 2, 1879 ; "Edith R., born June 
10, 1880; "Beatrice A., born July 27, 1882; "Sue P., 
born November 16, 1884, and "Henry C. Miller, l)orn 
May 17, 1886. ^Caroline T. :Nriller was married to 
William W. Sims, of Charlestovsm, S. C, February 24, 
1875, and ^Resaca E. Miller was married to Dr. Hook, 
of Clemson College, S. C, in 1900. 

^Warner Taliaferro, son of ^Zacharias Taliaferro and 
Mary Boutwell, married Mary M. Gilmer. Their four 
children were: ^Nancy Taliaferro, married Thomas 
Rainey. "Charles Boutwell Taliaferro, born in 1808; 
married Mildred Merriwether; he died in 1882; they 
had eight children ; one is Dr. ^Valentine H. Taliaferro, 
bom in 1831; was in the Confederate Army; was 
Colonel and Brevet Brigadier-General : is now a sur- 
geon in Atlanta, Ga., and ^Rebecca Taliaferro married 
William H. Broyles, a cousin, of South Carolina. 
'Sophia Taliaferro married James Merriweather. 
'Polly Taliaferro married a Mr. Landrum. 

'Burton Taliaferro married, first, Sally Gilmer, and 
second, Lucy Carter. 

"Mary Taliaferro married a Mr. W^atkins. Their 


two children were: 'ZacLariah Watkins, married Edna 
Bibh, and 'James Watkins, married Martha Marks. 

•^Frances Taliaferro, married M++wiiLPenn; tliey had 

three children, namely : Hiichai-d I'enn, married ; 

a 'daughter, who married IJev. Dabney Jones, and 
a ^daughter, Avho married I'dward Jones. 

"Charles Taliaferro was twice married. 

•"'Sarah Taliaferro, married Daniel llarvie; they had 
two children, namely: "Mary B. llarvie, married Pres- 
ley Gilmer, and had two childi-en, namely: ^Frances 
Gilmer, married Richard Taliaferro, and they h^ad two 
children, namely: ^Elizabeth Taliaferro (married 
Governor and Senator Brown, of Mississippi) and 
*Mary Taliaferro (married Mr. Adams, of Mississippi). 
A daughter, *Miss Gilmer, married Dr. Gratton. 
^Martha Harvie, married Thomj^son Gilmer. 

^Boutwell Taliaferro. 

Dr. Mohn Taliaferro, born in 1733; married Mary 
Hardin, and settled in Surrey County, North Carolina, 
in 1775 ; he was a doctor and a Baptist minister. He 
died in Milledgeville, Ga., in 1820. Issue: eleven chil- 
dren, as follows: 

®Bichard Taliaferro, married and left two children. 
He was killed at the Battle of Guilford Court House. 

®Ro.«i:e Taliaferro, married J. Porter, and lived in 

''Anne Taliaferro, married P. McCraig. 

^Judeth Taliaferro, married Shadrack Franklin. 
They had issue as follows: ^Betty, married a Mr. Cun- 
ningham ; 'Patsy, maiTied a Mr. Thompson ; ^Lucy, 
married a Mr. Johnson ; ^ Wiley and 'Taliaferro 

"Betty Taliaferro, married a Mr. Hardin, of Virginia. 

"Sally Taliaferro, married a Mr. Lingo. 
• "Beheathland Taliaferro, married a Miss Mercer. 

"Lucy Taliaferro, married a Mr. Jones, of Georgia. 

A "daughter, married a Mr, Priest. 

"Henry Taliaferro, never married. 

"diaries Taliaferro, married a ^fiss Burroughs. They 
left nine children, as follows: 'Elizal^eth, married a 
Mr. Jones, of L(»udon County, Tennessee. 'John, born 
in 1707; married a Miss Wright; they left ten children, 


seven sons and three danghlers. "Charles, l)orn in 
1799; married, first, a .^liss Whitlock, and second, a 
Miss Cleage. He was a Baptist minister; issue: one 
son, "Charles, who married P. Thomj^son. 'Kev. Rich- 
ard, born in 1801; married a Miss Tiallard; lived in ■ 
Pine Orove, Surrey County, N. C. "Polly, mari-ied her 
cousin, "Wiley Franklin; lived in Surrey County, N. C, 
and had six "children, one of whom, ^Pattie Franklin, 
maj-ried her cousin, C. Taliaferro; namcii of others not 

on record. "Benjamin, born in 1805; married . 

'Hardin, born in 1811; married a :Miss Hendrum. 
'Dickenson, born in 1S08; married a Miss Harris; lived 
at Tunnel Hill, near Dalton, Ga., and 'Sally Taliaferro, 
married, first, a Mr. Sutton, and second, a Mr. Petere, 
of Varnell Station, Ga. 

I will now give the descendants of Col. ^Charles 
Taliaferro, of Amherst County, Virginia (sou of *Rich- 
ard Taliaferro and Rose Anne Berryman, his wife), 
and his wife, Isabella McCulloch. He was born in 
Caroline County, Virginia, July 6, 1735; in April, 
1758, he married Isabella McCulloch ; in 1760 he moved 
to a plantation near Tobacco Row Mountain, in Am- 
herst County, Virginia, the land being a grant to his 
father. A house was erected on it by his father, which 
was standing in a good state of preservation in 1813. 
In this house Col. -'Charles Taliaforro died, in 1798. It 
is supposed that he was in the Colonial service in Vir- 
ginia, as he was called Colonel Charles. He had 
eleven children, all born in the old homestead except 
•^Richard, the eldest, who was born in NA'estmoi-eland 
Countv, Virginia, May 25, 1759. He was a Captain in 
the Revolutionary War of 1770; was at the battles of 
Long Bridge and Vorktown ;' also in other engagements. 
See records in Pension Office, at Wa.shington, D. C. 
At the close of the war he went to South Carolina, and 
was Clerk of Chester County, South Carolina; after- 
wards lived in York District ; he lived twenty-three 
vears after the close of the war, but never received the 
Captain's half pay for life, to which he was entitled, 
the promise of this being given by the Continental 
Government to all who enlisted to serve to the close of 
hostilities between England and the Colonies. On the 


19th of July, 1780, he was Diariied to Mildred, daughter 
of Lucas Powell, Esq., of Amberst County, Virginia. 
They moved to Chester District, South Carolina, in 
1785. He died April 4, 1806, in York District, South 
Carolina. Mildred Powell, his wife, was born in 1702, 
in Virginia, and died in 1843, in York District, South 
Carolina. They had ten children, as follows: ^William 
Taliaferro (the name of his wife not on record), had 
one child, ^Julia Taliaferro, who married a Mr. Moore, 
of South Carolina. ^Eebecca Taliaferro, married, fii-st, 
a Mr. Brown ; second, James Black ; she left frve chil- 
dren, namely: ^Elizabeth (married a Mr. Lipsie), *John 

(married ), ^Jane (married a Mr. Ingraham), 

^Taliaferro (married Ellen Turnijiseed) and '^Kebecca 
(married a Mr. Land). (This family lived in Pickens 
County, Alabama.) '^Elizabeth Edwards Taliaferro 
was born in Virginia, and married in South Carolina 
to John Pilcher. He was born in 1781, and died in 
1851. They had six children. Three died unmarried, 
namely : ^Isabella, ^Taliaferro and ^Davis. ^l^ixon 
Green^Pilchcr, boni :March 29, 1808, in Chester District, 
South Carolina, was married to Jane Hope Carothers, 
on December 24, 1830, in Union District, South Caro- 
lina. She was bora July 25, 1811. He died June 26, 
1862, near French Camp, Miss., and she died at the 
same place July 11, 1872, They had four children to 
die young, namely: ^John, ^Margaret, '-"Martha and 
® Joanna Pilcher; and three children married and 
reared families. ^Elizabeth Mary, ^Isabella T. and 
Mames Stuart Pilcher. This line is given in the 
Pilcher sketch. ^Williams Pilcher (brother of ^Dixon), 
married Mary Smith. They had five children, namely: 
*Sarah; ^William, married Eliza Wade, and had four 
children, namely: "Eobert, ^^Sarah, ^"^Martha and 
^T.unice Pilcher, of French Camp, Miss. *John Pilcher, 
married Sarah Black, and had three children. ''Harriet 
married Van Black, and ®Mary Pilcher, married Joseph 
Robertson. ^'Rebecca M. Pilcher, married John Collins. 
They left three children, namely: ^Jane, married Dr. 
George, of Texas; they had three children. "Elizabeth, 
married Frank Aston, of Florida, and "Taliaferro P. 
Collins, married Elizabeth Cork, and has three children. 


'Beujamiu Taliaferro, married Jihoda Carter. They 
had four cliildreu, namely: ^.Sarah Taliaferro, married 
Edward Price; they had four children, namely: '^NYill- 
iam Price, married a Miss Miller. He was a lawyer, 
practicing in Louisville, Miss., in 1893; "Mary Price, 
married a Mr. Windham; "Thomas and "Walter Price. 
^Mary Anne Taliaferro, married H. G. Moore. She 
was living at De Soto, Miss., in ISSS. They had one 
son, •'Hugh Moore. ^EUza Taliaferro, married a Mr. 
McCarlie, and "^Emily Taliaferro, married a Mr. Harris. 
^John Taliaferro, married Clementine McKinstry. She 
was living in 1883, a very old woman. Dr. 'Roderick 
Taliaferro, married Nancy Bell; they lived at Colum- 
bus, Miss., and had seven children, namely: ^Mildred, 
married a Mr. Suddeth; ^Jane, never married, and lives 
near West Point, Miss. ^Uegina, married Hugh Mont- 
gomery. ^Martha, married, fii-st, a Mr. Hill, and second, 
a Mr. Faut. ^Emily, married Frank White. *John, 
was never married, and was living near West Point in 
1805, and ^Eliza Taliaferro. 'Emily Taliaferro, mar- 
ried Wesley Terry, of Alabama. They had four chil- 
dren, namely: ^Johu T. Terry, born in 1832;' married, 
first, Elizabeth Keer, and second, a Miss Taylor. The 
children by his first wife were: "Matilda, married A. O. 
Lane, a lawyer, of Birmingham, Ala.; "Reavis I., mar- 
ried Lena Elliott; "John T., married Lavinia Richards; 
nVilliam K. ; "Percy W. and "Helen I. Terry, married 
H. L. Badham, of Birmingham. Ala.; they have seven 
sons and one daughter. ^John T. Terry's second wife 
had one son, "Benjamin T. Terry. ^Mildred Terry, 
married a Mr. Johnson. ^Priscilla Terry, married a 
Mr. Johnson. ^Benjamin Terry, married a Miss Waits. 
'Richard Taliaferro married a Mi*s. Robertson, who was 
a Miss Mobley. They had one son, ^Edward Taliaferro. 
'Isabella and 'James Taliaferro died unmarried in 
South Carolina. 

Col. ^Charles Taliaferro (son of Col. "^Charles Talia- 
ferro) was born in 1761; died in 1824. He married 
Lucy Loving, and they left six children, namely: 
'Belinda, married Reuben Coleman ; we have no record 
of this branch. Dr. 'Richard Taliaferro, of Franklin 
County, Virginia, bom in 1789; married Mary Hale. 
They had ten children, as follows: ^Tazwell, *Henry, 


^Maij, *Landon, ""Kiiiily ( maniod, first, a Mi'. Claibiirne, 
and second, a Mr. Settle; she had no children; was 
living near ^Vytheville, Va., in 1000), ^Susan, '^Kichard 
McC. (inairied Frances Leftwich, and had one child, 
^Nannie Taliaferro, who married H. G, Wadley), '^Lucy 
(married llngh ^'elson), -Celeste (married Dr. Greer), 
and 'Whitmel Taliaferro (married a Miss Haines, and 
has one son, '^Whitmel Taliaferro, who mariied a Miss 
Cornell, of New York City). 'Nancy Taliaferro 
(daughter of Col. "^Charles Taliaferro and Lucy Loving, 
his wife), married Lindsley Coleman; we have no 
record of this branch. 'Peter and ^Addison Taliaferro. 
'William Taliaferro, born in 1709; married a Miss 
Crawford; he was living in Lynchburg, Va., in 1871. 
They had three children, namely: ^Van, married a Miss 
Pendleton; the.y had one child, ^Nannie Taliaferro; 
^William and ^Nathan Taliaferro. 

''Peter Taliaferro (son of Col. ^Charles and his wife, 
Isabella McCullock), was born in 1708, and died in 

•'John Taliaferro, born in 1765; married a Miss 
Loving. He died in 1807. They had six children, as 
follows: 'Charles P., married Louise They 
moved from Virginia to Brownsville, Tenn., in 1832. 
He died in 1830, leaving six children, namely: ^Edwin, 
married C. Taylor; ^Charles, married, fii-st,' Eliza Tur- 
ner, and .second, Sarah Bowen. ^Julia, married a Mr. 
Weir. *Susan, married H. Anderson. ^Robert, 
married Jane Turner. Dr. ^Garland Taliaferro, mar- 
ried Rebecca Bowen; they had two sons, namely: 
®Judge William Garland Taliaferro, of Bryan, Texas, 
married Mary Fielding (a great niece of Gen. Winfield 
Scott) ; they have two ^"sons. One son, Dr. "William F. 
Taliaferro, married Elizabeth Cavitt. ^Herbert Talia- 
ferro, married Molly Buckley, and was killed in Texas. 
''Sarah Taliaferro, mai-ried Charles Barrett ; she died in 
Texas in 188G, aged eighty-six years, leaving nine chil- 
dren, as follows: ^Eliza, *Mary, ^John, ^Thomas, ^Emily, 
^William, ®Jane, -Taliaferro and ^Virginia Barrett. 
'Fletcher N. Taliaferro, married Fanny Lewis; he died 
in 1854, leaving one son, Dr. K'harles W. Taliaferro, of 
Fort Smith, Ark. 'Lynne S. Taliaferro, born in Vir- 


giuia ill 17G4, iiiariied Mildred 1*. Taliaferro, his first 
coiisiu; he died near Brownsville, TeoD., in 1840, 
leaving eight children, namely: "^Benjamin, married 
Jane Clements; ''William, married, first, a Miss 
Owen, and second, a Miss Jones; ^James, married 
Malvina Owen ; -Sarah D., never married, and was 
living near Brownsville, Tenn., in 1890; ^David, married 
Anne DuPree: ""Ellen, mai-ried ^Malcolm Skeine : ^MqI- 
vina, marricMi William Owen, and ""Caruliue Taliaferro, 
married William Clements. ^Isabella Taliaferro, mar- 
ried Zack Drummoud ; thev had ten children; he died 
in 1830. ^Roderick Taliaferro. 

'■'Zacharias Taliaferro (fifth son of Col. ^Charles 
Taliaferro and his wife, Isabella McCnllock), was bom 
in 17G7, in Virginia; married Sally Warmuck; moved 
from Virginia to Louisiana in 1806. He died Septem- 
ber 12, 1823, leaving two children. His son, 'James 
Govan Taliaferro, born in 1708, married Elizabeth 
Williamson, of Lexington, Kv. He was Judge of the 
Supreme Court of Louisiana, and died in that State in 
1876. He had six children, namely: ^James G., mar- 
ried ^lary Lacy: they have one son, ^WilJiam Govan 
Taliaferro, of Harrisonburg, La. ^Susanna Taliaferro, 
married Dr. John Alexander, of Trinity, La.; they 
have four children, nanielv : ^James R., ''Taliaferro, 
»Sally and Mohn Alexander. ^Rol)ert X., ^David N., 
^Elizabeth, married Richard Wooten ; they have four 
children, namely: ^Richard G., "Lizzie B., ''Libbie and 
"Flora W^ooten, all of Louisville, Ky., and ^Henry B. 

Taliaferro, married . He lived at Harrisburg, 

La., in 1883. "Elvira Taliaferro. 

^Benjamin Taliaferro (sixth son of 'Tol. Charles 
Taliaferro and his wife, Isabella McCullock), was born 
in 1770; married Mildred Franklin. They had eight 
childi-en, as follows: ^James, married and left ten 
children. ^Rose Berryman, married William Bowen 
and left five children. 'Lucinda, married Mayo Davis. 
'Mildred, married Lynne Taliaferro. This line is given 
above. 'Mary A., married R. Henley, and had ten chil- 
dren. 'Sarah, married a Mr. Whitehead, and had six 
children. "I'lizabeth, married a Mr. Broadus, aud had 
one child; and 'Malinda Taliaferro, married I^eonard 
Childress and had two children. 


•^William Taliaferro, born in 1772; died in 1805. — 

"Sarah Taliaferro, born in 1774; married Col, >Vill- 
iam Loving, of Knssellville, Ky.; died in 1844. They 
had six children, as follows: UTarriette, married a Mr. 
fcori-ng, of New Orleans, La. 'Isabella, married a Mr. 
Moore. A Maughter, married a Mr. Berryman, of Illi- 
nois. A "danghter, married a Mr. Gilmer, of Pike 
County, Missouri. 'Willis and 'Henry Loving. 

'Eodrick Taliafeiro, bom in 1777; died in 1820; 
mariied a Miss Price, of Kichmond, Va. They had nine 
children, as follows: 'Elizabeth, married a Mr. Rose, 
of Memphis, Tenn. ^Isabella, married a Mr. Johnson, 
of Memphis, Tenn. Judge "Xorbouitie M., of Franklin 
County, Virginia. '^Samuel, '^Charles, '\Yilliam, ^Price, 
'Sarah and 'Roderick Taliaferro. 

^James Taliaferro, born in 1779; married, first, Lucy 
Rice, and second, Su.san Brockman. They moved from 
Virginia to Haywood County, Tennessee. He died 
there in 1849, lea\nng twelve children; 'James M. ; 
'Virginia, married Duke Shina; the names of the other 
ten I have not been able to obtain. 

^Rose Berryman Taliaferro (so called for her grand- 
mother), the youngest of the eleven children of Col. 
^Charles Taliaferro and Isabella McCullock, his wife, 
was born in 1783, just at the close of the Revolutionary 
War. She married Josephus Loving, of Brownsville, 
Tenn. They left seven children, as follows: 'Nelson, 
married Mary Green. 'Louise, married Nelson Hart- 
good. 'IsalTella, married a Mr. Renclew. Gen. 
'William, married Ruth Fletcher. 'Elvira, married a 
Mr. Price. 'Joseph, married four times; and 'SaraJi 

^Beheathlaud Taliaferro, son of *Richard Taliaferro 
and Rose Anne Berryman, his wife, was bom in Vir- 
ginia in the year 1738. 

^Peter Taliaferro was born February 12, 1739; mar- 
ried Anne Hackley, in Virginia. - 

•''Elizabeth Taliaferro, born in 1^41; married 
Zack Hawkins in Virginia; moved from Virginia to 
Giles County, Tennessee. One of their sons was *John 

Hawkins. His wife Avas Maria (name not 

recorded) ; they were living in the above-named county 


in 1815. At that time he wrote a letter to his first 
cousin, ^Zachariah Taliaferro, a lawyer of Pendleton, 
S. C. The original letter is now preseiTed in South 
Carolina. We have no record of the descendants of 
*'John Hawkins. 

=Mary B. Taliaferro, born in Virginia in 1743; mar- 
ried a Mr. Wortham; they moved from Virginia to 

^Francis Taliaferro, born in Virginia in 1745. 

^Richard Taliaferro, bora in Virginia in 1747. 

3John Taliaferro, son of -John Taliaferro and Sarah 
Smith, his wife, was born in 1G85 ; married Mary Cat- 
lett. He was called ^John Taliaferro, Gentleman, of 
"Powhattan," Eappahannock County, Virginia, also of 
"Snow Creek.'' He lived at Powhattau in 1730, and 
died in 1744. He had four children, as follows: 
• ^Lawrence Taliaferro, born in 1721 ; married a Miss 
Piner; died in 1748. They had one daughter, ^Sarali 
Taliaferro, born in 1746, who married William Dan- 

Col. ^William Taliaferro, of ''Hagley," Rappahannock 
County, Virginia, also of ''Snow Creek," married, first, 
Mary Battallie ; second, Elizabeth Taliaferro. They 
had three sons, namely: Mohn, 'James and ^Nicholas 

'John Taliaferro, of *'Hagley," married Matilda 
Battallie. They had two children, namely : *John 
Taliaferro, of "Hagley," born in 1768; married a Miss 
Seymore. He was a member of the United States 
Congress from Virginia for eight years. He died in 
1853, leaving one son, ^John Seymore Taliaferro, who 
married Lucy Barbour, daughter of Governor Barbour, 
of Virginia and Kentucky. They had four ^daughtere. 
^Matilda Taliaferro, married a Mr. Marshall, of 

'James Taliaferro, of "Ishlam," married the widow of 
Sir John Peyton. She was a Miss Dace. They had 
two children'. ^Francis Taliaferro, of "The Retreat," 
Orange County, Virginia, married a Miss Willis, a 
dei=cendant of Col. Henry Willis, who married two of 
Gen. George Washington's aunts; therefore, she was 
a descendant of Lawrence Washington. The fol- 
lowing is copied from an old manuscript : 


Col. Byrd Willis, of Fredericksburg, Va., aud Floiida, 
in writing of his grandfather, Col. Llenry Willis, says: 

"lie courted his three wives as maids and mar- 
ried them as widows. 

"llis second wife was a widow, Mildred Wash- 
ington Brown. After her death he married her 
tirst cousin (maiden name the same), Mildred 
Washington Gregory, another widow, also a grand- 
daughter of John Washington and Anne Poj^e, his 
w^ife, and a daugliter of Lawrence Washington and 
' Mildred Warner, liis wife; she was, therefore, a 
sister of Augustine Washington, the father of 
Gen. George Washington. 

"In the well-known picture of the baptism of 
Washington, it was his Aunt Mildred, then the 
beautiful widow of Gregory, who held him in her 
arms, and was his god-mother. She had then been 
twice married, first to Mr. I^ewis, second to Mr. 
Gregory. Soon after this baptism she was married 
to Col. Henry Willis. By him she had only one 
child, a son, whom she called Lewis Willis, for her 
first husband. 

"Col. Henry Willis died when his son, Lewis, 
was quite a boy. He, the boy, was a schoolmate of 
his first cousin, George Washington, though two 
yeai-s vonnger; one was bora in 1732, the other in 
1734. ' 

"Lewis Willis married, first, Mary Chami^e, and 
second, Anne Carter; he had six children, 
namely: Mildred Willi.s, married Mr. Alexander; 
Jane Willis, married Mr. Battallie; John Willis, 
Henry Willis, William Willis and Byrd Willis." 

^Francis Taliaferro and his wife, Miss Willis, had 
three sons, namely: Dr. 'Benjamin, ^John and ^Charles. 
Dr. ^Benjamin Taliaferro, of "The Mount,'' married 
Louisa Carter, a descendant of Ool. Eobert Carter 
("King Carter"). Mohn P. Taliaferro, born in 1798, 
married Rebecca Mallory. He was in the Confederate 
Army, and was in the Battle of Manassas, in Virginia. 
He died in 1878, leaving four children, namely: ^Mary, 


mai-ried Samuel Maxwell ; *Joliu, ^Jaines and ^Rebecca 
Taliafen-o. Eev. ^Charles Taliaferro married Louisa 
Armpstead, a descendant of "King Carter." 

A daughter, ^ Taliaferro, married Judge 

Henry Brooke, a distinguished man. They had two 
sons, who were leading men in Virginia. 'Kobei-t was 
Governor of Virginia, and U^rancis Brooke was Judge 
of the Supreme Court of Virginia. 

^Nicholas Taliaferro, Gent., brother of -'John, of 
"Hagley,-' was born in 1757; married, first, Anne 
Taliaferro; second, Fanny Blassiugame. He was a 
Lieutenant in the Gth Virginia Regiment in 1784. 

*Sarah Taliaferro, daughter of ^John and Mary Cat- 
lett Taliaferro, married, first, Francis Conway; second, 
a Mr. Taylor, great-uncle of Pre.sident Zachary Taylor, 
Francis Conway was a brother of Nelly Conway, mother 
of President James Madison. 

^Lucy Taliaferro, daughter of ^John and Mary Catlett 
Taliaferro, married Col. Charles T^ewis, of "Cedar 
Creek," a brother of Col. Fielding Ta'wIs. He was with 
Washington at Braddock's defeat. They had three 
children, as follows: Dr. ^John I^ewis, married,, H. 
Green, and second, S. Waring. ^Charles A. Lewis, 
married C. Battallie. ^Mary Lewi.s, married, first, P. 
Lightfoot, and second, Dr. John Bankhead. 

^Robert Taliaferro, fourth son of -John and Sarah 

Smith Taliaferro, married Elizabeth . They 

had two daughters, namely: ^Elizabeth and ^Mary 

^Richard Taliaferro, youngest son of =John Talia- 
ferro, married Elizabeth Eggleston. They had thi-ee 
children, as follows: 

^Richard Taliaferro, born in 1762; married Rebecca 
Cocke, and moved from Virginia to Georgia; they had 
nine children, as follows: 'Mary, married Judge 
William Nelson, a brother of Thomas Nelson, signer of 
the Declaration of Independence. 'Anne, married 
Carter Nicholas, a descendant of "King Carter." 
^Elizabeth, married Daniel Call. 'Lucy, married Will- 
iam Harris. 'Mary, married William McCandlish. 
'Sarah, married William Wilkerson. 'Benjamin, mar- 
ried a Miss Tazwell. 'Robert, of "Powhattan," married 


a Miss Thornton ; and ^Rebecca Taliaferro, married 
William Brown. 

^Catherine Taliaferro married Rice Pool. 

^Elizabeth Taliaferro, married Chancellor George 
Wythe, of Virginia, one of the most learned men of his 
time. He was one of the signers of the Declaration of 
Independence. They had no children. 

In this sketch of the Taliaferro family of Virginia, 
we have given every name that is on the Taliaferro 
Family Chart, which has been worked up after much 
correspondence and research, and with great care. 
There may be some minor mistakes, but we think there 
are very few, if any. But after the lapse of two hun- 
dred and fifty years correct data in regard to family 
history is very difficult to obtain. We have endeavored 
to use no facts that have not been obtained from 
authentic records and histories. 

The Coat of Arms of this family Is a shield with a bar of 
iron crossing from the sinister Chief to the dexter base, a 
sword of gold cutting through the bar of iron ; handle of sword 
In dexter Chief; point in sinister base; one gold rowel for a 
spur, or mullet, in honor point; another in pacific middle base. 
Colors: pure niby in right of shield, pure silver in left, bar of 
iron brown, sword gold, rowels gold. Crest above the Shield 
Is an arm bent, with hand grasping a drawn sword of gold ; 
another crest is an ancient helmet of blue, instead of the arm, 
hand and sword. Motto same for both. "Fortis et Firmis" 
(sti-ong and firm). In old Norman French it is, "Taillefer 
Perogard de gu. Au dextoro chiro di carro. pare' d'argeut 
moreo du canton dextre du chief, tennant une ipei? du mime 
In bande, garul d' or callant une varre de fer de see iwsi^e en 
barre, accompagnfe or deux molettes (8) d'or 1 en chief it 
eu P." 


The name was originally spelled Powle. In the early 
part of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, the son of Powle 
or Powll of Mindenhall, England, married Agues, 
daughter of John Webb, Esq., and it is believed that 
from this union came the descendants of the American 
family of Powells. The present representative of the 
family in England is Nathaniel Powell, Esq., of Buck- 
hurst Hall, Essex County. 

The Powells in America are descendants of the Royal 
family of Wales, coming from one of the younger sons 
of one of the old Kings of Wales. 

Castle Madoc Brecon, in the County of Brechnoc, 
Wales, was the home of the Virginia branch of the 
family before emigrating to Aiuerica. 

Three of the family were Judges on the King's Bench 
in England. One Capt. John Powell was the first 
Governor of the Isle of Barbadoes under English rule. 
They were among the earliest and wealthiest ship 
owners and commanders in the Colonies. One Anthony 
Powell was military commander of Sir Walter Raleigh's 
Colonists who first landed in America in 15S3 at Roan- 
oke Island, where Fort Raleigh was built, and Powells 
Point on the coast was named in his honor. 

Capt. Nathaniel Powell, who came to Jamestown, 
Va., in 1607, wrote much of John Smith's ''History of 
"Vir^'inia," and it was he who made the first map of 
Vir<ini.., and sent it back to England, where it is now 
pres-irved in the British Museum. See B^ow^l's "Gen- 
esis )f the United Staters," pp. 596, 791-16. 

Tie land upon which Williamsburg, Va., was built 
was first deeded to Benjamin Powell by the King of 

"Ciptains William and Nathaniel Powell had large 
grams of land from the Crowm, which they located in 
the Colony of Virginia. Lyon G. Tyler, who has inves- 
tigated the subject, says that at one time, nearly the 



whole of Yoi'k County, ^'il'ginia, was owned by the 
Powells; he gets this from old records. The above- 
named Captains William and Nathaniel Powell were 
oflieers in the ]<]nglisli Army. They came with Capt. 
John Smith to the English possessions in America, and 
fettled at Jamestown, Va., in 1(107, the tirst ix-rmauent 
l^nglish Colon}' in America. William Powell was one 
of the Incorpoiators of tlie second \'irginia Charter iu 
1G07. See Brown's 'Genesis.' '' 

"Sir Stephen Powell (a member of the Virginia 
Company), sub. L 37, S 10, and paid L 100. He was 
one of the six clerks of Chancery, London, and was 
knighted at Theobalds, July 21, 1G04; M. C. for the 
Virginia Company, 1G09; was still living in 1G19." 

''The name of Capt. Nathaniel Powell is one of the 
most prominent in Capt. John Smith's "History." It, 
says 'One of the first planters, a valiant souldier, and 
not any in the country better knoAMi amongst them.' " 
Vol. li, p. G8. 

The Powells were a famous group of men in the early 
history of the American Colonies. The tirst mention 
of the name in connection with America was one Sear- 
geant-Major Anthony Powell, who was killed at St. 
Augustine in 1586, in the expedition of Sir Francis 
Drake against the Spaniards. They were a hardy, 
adventurous race of men, possessed with the idea of 
colonizing the New World. 

In 1G18, Capt. Nathaniel Powell was Goverj-or of 
Virginia for a short time. He was appointed a merj*>er 
of the Coimcil in 1621. He married a Miss T:r.rv, 
daughter of William Tracy, who broi'irht a Co], ;- to 
Virginia in 1620, and granddaughter ol Sir Johj: ; r. 
A contemporary says "Capt. Nathaniel Powr ' 
born a gentleman and bred a soldier." He r :i is. 
Virginia with the first colonists who settled at J.%^ne^- 
town, in 1607. He, with all of his family, weie ir»a>*- 
sacred by Opechancanough, at Powell's Brooke, J^arch 
22, 1622, near Flower de Hundred, on his plantiiioTi ; 
twelve in all were murdered. Another account ;«r.vs: 
"Capt. Nathaniel Powell, one of the Virginia CoijLv.iJ i.'i 
1622, who had some time been Governor of the Colony, 
was killed in the massacre by : lie 


was one of the Original Gentlemen Planters, a brave 
soldier, and deserved well in all ways, was universally 
valued and esteemed by all parties and factions, none 
in the country better kuo^vTi among the Indians. Yet 
they slew both him and his family and haggled their 
bodies, and cut off his head to express their utmost 
height of scorn and cruelty." 

Caiit. William l^l^^ell "was also fanums about the time 
of the administration of Governor Yeardley. lie was 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1619. 
"Shortly aiter the massacre of 1622, Sir George Yeardly, 
Capt. William Powell, and Capt. Richard Butler took 
each a company of well-disposed gentlemen, joined 
their forces, to avenge the death of their friends and 
relatives, and sat upoji the Chickahomonians, that fear- 
fully fled, suffering the English to spoil* their land, 
not daring to resist them; they destroyed everything 
they could find, and returned to Jamestown, where they 
staved a month, quartered at Kecoughtan," See Stith's 
"History of Virginia," pp. 24, 212, 594. 

Capt. AVilliam Powell and all of his family were 
murdered in the terrible massacre of 1623, when so 
many of the Virginia Colonists lost their lives. It was 
thought one of his sons, George Powell, escaped, but 
he was not heard of afterwards, and for want of an 
heir to the estate, it was returned to the hands of 
Governor Berkley, who deeded it to Capt. Henry 
Bishop in 1646. What claim Bishop had on it is not 
known. In 1626, Thomas Powell (the elder brother of 
Capt, Nathaniel Powell) and his brothers and s'sters 
then living in England, petitioned to the Government 
in regard to his estate; they stated that William Powell, 
who had gotten possession of all of Nathaniel Powell's 
estate in Virginia, was no relation. How the matter 
was decided is not recorded, but in 1653, George, 
Eichard and Maud Powell, supposed to have been niece 
and nephews of Njtthaniel Powell, made petition for the 
property, which would indicate that Nathaniel and 
William Powell left no lineal descendants in Virginia 
nor elsewhere. 

Oapi': John PoMell is mentioned as one of the first 
leading adrenturers to the planting of the fortunate 



isle (the Barbadoes), and the ''History'' states that 
Capt. Henry Powell bronght thither the first planters, 
forty English and seven or eight negroes. He was one 
of the first planters who bronght the colony to the 
Barbadoes in 1G27. After lauding, he got thirty In- 
dians, men, women and children of the Arawacos, ene- 
mies to the Caribs and Spaniards. See "Smith's His- 
tory," p. 504. 

One William Powell left two sons, Ciithbert and 
Thomas, who were living in Lancaster Coimty, Virginia, 
in KjGO. They were the ancestors of the Powells of 
Lancaster and London Counties. 

John Powell, born in Virginia, was a member of the 
Virginia House of Burgesses in 1633 for the District 
from Waters Creek to ]\Iarie's Mount. 

Another John Powell was a member of the House of 
Burgesses from Elizabeth City in 1G57, 1G58, 1G59, 1660, 
16G3, 1666 and 1G67. 

Sir Stephen Powell, brother of Capt. Nathaniel 

Powell, was one of the six Judges of Chancery of the 

King's Bench, London, England. ' He was a member of 

the Virginia Company in 1619. He had a son, Capt. 

John Powell, who, with his cousin. John Powell, came 

to Virginia in 1622, the year of the Indian massacre. 

^ William Powell came to America from England and 

y"^ settled in Somerset, Md., in 1620. Later he moved to 

y Loudon County, Virginia, where he left descendants. 

r He was a younger brother of Captain John Powell ; 

y^. therefore was a sou of Sir Stephen Powell, of England. 

' Both Capt. John Powell and his cousin, John Powell, 

*j- left large families. 

;^, Nathaniel, John, William, Stephen and Hugh were 

some of the earliest names of this family, and have been 

, kept up in all of the families of Powell since; later the 

name of Norbourne, Seymore and Lucas came into the 

family by intermarriages with families of those names. 

In IGol, Benjamin Powell, of York County, Virginia, 

made a deed of land patented by his father, John 

Powell. This patent was given February 6, 1635. 

Again, on June 7, 1657, Benjamin Powell, of New "Pn- 

quasoa, York County, deeds land to his brothejr, William 

■'>-Powell, and on October 5, 1655, thei-e is. a deed from 

row ELL FAMILY. 419 

William Powell, of York County, and his wife, Mary 
Tarpley, daughter of William Tarpley. There was a 
large family of Powells in York County, at an early 

Benjamin Powell was elected a member of the Vir- 
ginia Council, held at Williamsburg, 1767. He was 
appointed Justice of the Peace in 1784. 

In 1GS5, live Powell brothers came to the English 
Colonies in America from Brecon, Wales, stopping, 
first, in New Jersey. One of them remained in New 
Jersey and married a German woman and had twenty- 
one children — twenty sons and one daughter. The 
other brothers went their several ways, one to Ohio, 
one to Pennsylvania, and two to Virginia. 

There was a Thomas Powell in Virginia in 1600. 
His son, Seymore Powell, was there in 1694. His son, 
Thomas Powell, was there in 1735, and his son, Sey- 
more Powell, was there in 1776. 

Hayden, in his ''Virginia Genealogies," says Lucas 
Powell and Col. Levin Powell were brothers, and their 
father was William Powell, who was born in Somerset 
County, Maryland, but moved to Virginia, where he 
married Eleanor Peyton. If this is true, Lucas Powell's 
father must have been married three times, as we know 
from an old letter, written by Mrs. Rebecca E. P. 
Thompson Davis, of Amherst County, Virginia, who 
was born in 1805, and died in 1889, in which she says 
that her great-grandfather, Lucas Powell's father, was 
married to a Miss Seymore and a Miss Lucas. In this 
letter she does not mention Eleanor Peyton, who was, 
perhaps, his first wife, of whom she, his great-great- 
granddaughter, had never heard. 

Gen. Ambrose P. Hill, during the Civil War of 1860- 
1865, told Col. Richard Powell, of Virginia, that he, 
General Hill, was related to the Powells of Virginia, 
Miss Hull, of Baltimore, says Ambrose Powell, of Cul- 
peper County, Virginia, was father of William Powell, 
father of Lucas Powell. George Bledsoe, of Culpei)er 
County, Virginia, in his will in 1704, names his daugh- 
ter, Mary Bledsoe, and her husband, Ambrose Powell, 
and their son, William Powell. See Court Records. 

Tradition says that William Powell lived near Will- 


iamsbui'g, Va., in IGOl, aud that liis first wife was Jane 
Scymore; hi.s secoud wife, Jane Lucas. They bad four 
sons, namely : Seyniore, James, Xorbourne and Lucas, 
perhaps olliers. Lucas Powell was born in 1722, and 
ma)Tied Elizabeth, daughter of John Edwards. 

There is a tradition that some years before the Kevo- 
lution of 177G, Seymour, Jame.s, Nathaniel and Lucas 
Powell (Levin is not mentioned as one of the brothers 
in this conjiection), brothers, had an estrangement, 
which resulted in two of the brothers going South, and 
Lucas moving to Amherst County, Virginia. The 
other brother, it is thought, remained in Virginia. The 
occasion of the separation was a visit Lucas Powell paid 
to the Royal Governor, when he placed his cocked hat 
under his arm and made the Governor a very profound 
obeisance. His brothers construed this into a lack of 
Colonial patriotism. One of the brothers was a Royal- 
ist during the Revolution. He went back to Wales, 
the old home of the family. After two generations, his 
descendants emigrated to America. Major Powell, 
who was the head of the Bureau of Ethnology in 
ington in 1890, was a descendant of this branch. His 
family lived in Illinois. 

"In 1775, as one of twenty-one most discreet, fit and 
able men of the county, Lucas Powell was elected a 
member of the County Committee of Amherst County, 

"In 1770 he was one of the two members of the com- 
mittee (Colonel Rose being the other) selected to review 
the men to be enlisted, to examine them aud to see if they 
were healthy, had been regularly sworn and attested, 
according to the ordinance, and to pay the recruits as 
soon as received." See "The Cabals and Their Kin," 
by Alex Bro\^Ti, pp. 100, 101, 177, 178. He was fifty- 
three years of age at this time. 

The Powells, during the Colonial days, were all 
Church of England people. The women were examples 
of piety, but many of the men were like others of the 
time — irreligious aud pleasure loving, wasting their 
estates in unnecessary hospitality, horse racing and 
drinking. The clergy were generally as lax in their 
morals as the laity ; cared only for pleasure and riotous 


living — Dion of too little strength of cliaracter or 
religion to maintain the resfXict of the community for 
themselves or their calling. 

When John Wesley came to Virginia, so filled with 
the spirit of God, and preached those great sermons 
that thrilled his audience with the most earnest relig- 
ious enlhusiasm, many of the good women, hoping to 
inspire their luisl)ands and sons with a desire to lead 
better lives, embraced A^'esley's warmer and more lively 
doctrines, and the influence for good was very marked 
throughout the State. 

Besides, like everything English, the Established 
Church became very unpopular with the newly inde- 
pendent people of the States. In those days, when the 
Western world was intoxicated -oith its new-found 
liberty, our forefathers seemed to care but little to 
recalTtheir a.ssociation with the Old World. Everything 
connected with aristocracy and its usually valued asso- 
ciations was despised for several generations later, 
therefore records and histories of these connections 
with the English were not valued, nor preserved as they 
are now, the relations between England and this country 
being of the most cordial and pleasant nature, both 
socially and politically. 

^Ambrose Powell married Mary Bledsoe, daughter of 
George Bledsoe, of Maryland. His will is dated 1704, 
nis son, -William Powell, was living near Williams- 
burg, Ya., in 1691. The date of his birth is not known. 
He married, first (Hayden, in his "Virginia Geneal- 
ogies," says Eleanor Peyton, but the family of his later 
marriages do not mention this wife), Jane Scymore; 
again, Jane Lucas. They had five sons, and jierhaps 
other children. The sons were: ^Seymore, ^ James, 
^Nathaniel, ^Lucas and ^Levin. We have no record of 
the descendants of four of the sons, but ^Lucas Powell 
was born in 1722 near Williamsburg, \a., and was 
married, in 1754, to Elizabeth Edwards, daughter of 
John Edwards. 

^Lucas Powell and his wife, Elizabeth Edwards, had 
seven children. She died in 1774. He then married 
Mrs. Cowper, from Chesterfield County, Virginia. She 
was a Miss Eoe, related to the Barrons, of Virginia, 


who attained distinction in the United States Navy; 
she had seven children — two sons and five danghters — 
when she married ^Lucas Powell. Tier first husband, 
Mr, Cowper, w as a cousin of the poet, Cowper. She 
had no children after marrying the second time, but 
three of her stepsons, the Powells, married her daugh- 
ters, the Misses Cowper, and another of the Powell 
brothers married a Miss Sally Cowi)cr, cousin of the 
above-named Misses Cowjicr. 

The children of ^Lucas Powell and Elizabeth Ed- 
wards were: ^Elizabeth, ^Mildred, ^Rebecca, ^Nathaniel, 
^William, ''Benjamin and *Seymorc Powell. 

^Elizabeth Powell was born in 1755 ; married Thomas 
Hawkins. They had ten children, as follows: ^Young, 
''John, ^Lucas, ^Powell, "Rebecca (married a Mr. Harri- ^ 
son, and lived near Lebanon, Tenn.),-''Thomas,®William, ^ 
"Nathaniel, "Peggie (married Lunsford Loving, and had 
a son ^Orvalle Loving, born in 1S06, living at Loving- 
ton, Va., in 1894) and "Eliza Hawkins (married Spencer 

The second child of ^Lucas and Elizabeth Edwards 
Powell was ^Mildred Powell; married, July 19, 1780, 
to Capt. Richard Taliaferro. This line is given in the 
Taliaferro history. 

^Rebecca Powell, born September 25, 17G9, at Warren, 
Va., was married December 14, 178G, to John Thompson. 
He was born in Antrim County, Ireland, in December, 
1755, and died at 'farmer's Joy," his residence, in 
Nelson County, Virginia, July 25, 1828. They had nine 
children, as follows: 

"Elizabeth Thompson, bom December 10, 1787 ; mar- 
ried, October 12, 1804, to Shelton Crossthwait, and 
moved to Rutherford County, Tennessee, near Murfrees- 
boro. She died January 15, 18G.3. They had three 
children, namely: 

^Rebecca E. Crossthwait, married Judge Bromfield S. 
Ridley, a prominent lawyer of Murfreesboro, Tenn. 
They had eight children, namely: ^Jerome Ridley, mar- 
ried Margaret P. Mclean, of Elkton, Ky., December 11, 
1856, a daughter of Finis McT^an ; they had three 
children, namely: ^Jennie Ridley, married, first. Smith 
Caruthers, of Missouri; second, J. O. Street, of Elkton, 


Ky.; her children are: ^Margaret and ^Christiue 
Caruthei-s. ^Henrietta Kidlcy, married John Lindsley, 
of XaJ^hville, Teuu. ; they have four children, namely: 
»John ^Viroiuia, "Henrietta and ^Dorothy Lindsley. 
^PaulRidlev, married Elsie DeAntenac; they had two 
children, namely: "Earl and "Ethel Kidley, who live in 
Antinsta, Ga. 'Bettie Ridley, married ^\'illlanl Blake- 
more- had no children. Dr. ^Luke Eidley, married a 
Miss'lJobertsun, of Iluntsville, Ala., and had issue. 
^Georo-e Bidlev, married twice; had issue. 'Broom- 
field L. Eidlev; married Idellette Lyon. They have two 
children. lie is a lawyer, of Murfreesboro, Tenn-. 
'Charles Ridlev, married a Miss Fitzpatrick, and has 
three children, namely : ^Mamie, married Robert Kichol, 
of Nashville, Tenn., and has children ; ^Charles, married 
Adelle McMurry, and has children ; and ^Broomfield L., 
Jr., married Marv Wells. ^Sallie Ridley, married 
Thornton McLean, and has one son, Lieut. ^Ridley 
Mclean, U. S. A. ^Jennie Ridley, died young. 

«Mary E. Crossthwait, married Dr. James Blackmore, 
but they have no children. 

Dr. *'George Crossthwait, married Eliza Burton. 
Thev had eight children, namely: \Shelton, 'Frank 
and 'Broomfield were killed in the Civil War of IS6I-60; 
^Lavinia, married Brown Peyton. They live in Texas, 
and have children. Dr. "George Crossthwait, mar- 
ried and lives near Murfreesboro, Tenn. 'Eliza Cross- 
thwait, of Nashville, Tenn., died unmarried. 'Eliz- 
abeth and 'Mary Crossthwait, died young. 

'Mary Thompson, born April 11, 1TS9; married 
Henry Fauntleroy Carter ; she died at -Farmers Joy, ' 
her brother's residence. May 31, 1830. 

''Mildred Thompson, born :March 4, 1791 ; married at 
the "Vatican," the residence of her brother, 'Lucas 
Thompson, June 15, 1834, to John Hendern. She died 
in Augusta County, Virginia, November 1, 1851. 

'James Thompson, born January 2, 1792; married 
Rachel Shelby Edmondson, of Davidson County, Ten- 
nessee, Deceniber 29, 1828. They lived at McMinnyille, 
Tenn., and left several children. He died July 2, 1885. 
One of his "daughters married a Mr. Spurlock. They 
had three children, as follows: "Blanch, married a Mr. 

424 insiToincAL skktcues. 

Hentley; they luid two sons. 'Frank, married, and 
lives in Chattanooga; he is a lawyer; and "Shelby 
Pjjnrloek, married David . 

^Jolm Tliompsou, born February '], 17i)7; married 
Caroline Brown, at "Berry Hill," the lesidcnce of his 
father, in Virj>inia. lie was a ja'ominent lawyer of 
Richmond, Va. 

^Lucas Thom})son, born July 15, ITDo, was married 
three times; first, to Caroline Tai)soott, January 15, 
1828; second, to Arabella White, in October, 1855; 
third, to Catherine Carrington, August 6, 18(i0. He 
was a prominent and influential lawyer of Staunton, 
Va. He had two daughters; *one married a Mr. Hull, 
of Baltimore; the "other married a Mr. Carroll of 
Carrollton, Md. 

^William Thompson, born August 31, 1808; married, 
first, ^fargaret Alexander, August 15, 18115; second, 
Martha Brown, December 28, 1842. 

^Jane Thompson, married Howell L. Brown, at 
"Edgewood,'' January 30, 1843; she died at "Phillipi," 
Kelson County, Virginia, August 17, 1848. 

'^Ecbecca E. P. Thompson, born July 11, 1805; was 
married at "Edgewood," the residence of her brother, 
'John Thompson, to H. L. Davis. She died in 1889 
Her home was in Amherst County, Virginia. She was 
visited by her great-niece, Mrs. Ida Blackman Cooper, 
in 1887, who says she was one of tlie most beautiful, 
cultured old ladies that she has ever had the pleasure 
of meeting; that she was the highest type of the "Grand 
Dame" of Old Virginia. 

^Nathaniel Powell married Elizabeth Cowper, who 
was a widow, ^Irs. Chamberlayne, at the time of her 
marriage to N. Powell. They had eight children, 
namely: ^Mildred, ^Rebecca, ^Harriet, ^Mary, ^Sophia, 
''Norbourne, ^Seymore and °Lucas Powell. 

'Mildred Powell married a Mr. Brooks, of Virginia. 

'Rebecca Powell married Littleberry Williamson, of 
Tennessee; they moved to Lexington, Mo. They had 
no children, but adopted a nephew, William Pemberton, 
who is now (1001) one of the Judges of the Supreme 
Court of Montana. 

'Harriet Powell married a Mr. Goode. of Missouri. 
Thev had no children. 


*]Nrai-y and ^Sophia Powell died voimg. 

^Norboiiine Berkley Powell married Eliza A. R. 
Holmes of Monticello, Ga., in 181S. They bad eight 
children, namely: ^Virginia A., ^Richard H., °Holmes, 
^Mary E., "Anatasia, ^Nathaniel, ^James and ^Luey 

•^Virginia A. Powell married Dr. Homer Blackman, 
in Talhot Tountv, Georgia, in isi'.n. They liad six 
children, as follows: 'Mary E., "Eugenia H., 'Rebecca 
B., ^Anatasia, 'John P. and "Ida Blackman. "^Mary E. 
Blackman died young. 'Eugenia H. Blackman married 
Locke Weems, February 21, ISGO. He was killed in the 
Battle of Cold Harbor, in 18G2, leaving an iufaut daugh- 
ter, ^Locke Felixiaua. She died at seventeen years of 
age, in December, 1873. ^Eugenia B. Weems was mar- 
ried, second, to James Mather Goodwin. They had two 
children, namely : nirginia P., married Charles G. Mc- 
Roberts, of Chicago, and ^Beatrice S. Goodwin. Their 
father died at Union Springs, Ala., October 29, 1ST9. 
^Rebecca B. Blackman (called ''Johnnie") married Col. 
W. B. Locke. She died in September, 1877, leaving 
no children. ^\nastasia Blackman married Henley V. 
Napier, of Macon, Ga., in 18G8. They had five children, 
namely : «Anuie F., married M. A. Edwards ; they have 
one son, »Napier Edwards, and live in Logan, Idaho. 
^Maud, died young. 'John P. Blackman, died in 1907, 
in Oklahoma. ^Henley Y. and «Ida Page Napier. 
'John Polk Blackman, the only son of Homer and n^ir- 
ginia Blackman, died at Chunnenugga, Ala., aged 
twentv years. His sister's eldest son took his full 
name' '"Ida P. Blackman married William Page 
Coui>er, of St. Simons Island, Ga., in 1874. They lived 
in Louisiana in 1905. 

^Richard Powell, son of '^Norbourne and Eliza Holmes 
Powell, married Mary A. Blackman, at Chunnenugga, 
Ala., in 1844. Thev had five children, namely : 'V ir- 
ginia E., 'Norbourne, "^Homer, "^Nathaniel and 'James 
Powell. ^Virginia E. Powell married Capt. Alex. H. 
Pickett, at Union Springs, Ala., in 18G3 Tliey had 
seven children, as follows : »Maria P., 'Ada, Ethel C, 
»Alma, 'Virginia L., ^^nastasia and 'Callie Pickett. 



'Maria P. Picki^tt niarried Dr. L. W. JoJinston, and has 
one child. "Noi-bouine Berkley Powell, unmarried, 
lives in Union Springs, Ala. 'Homer B. Powell died 
in Dalla.s, Texa.s, in 1882, unmarried. ''Nathaniel 
PoAvell died on Lake Harris, Fla., in 1881, unmarried. 
Barnes B. Powell married Almyra Brown. They lived 
near Union Springs, Ala., in 1875. Tbev had five chil- 
dren, namely: ^Richard H., '^Benjamin P., ^James B., 
^Floyd and ^\lta L. Powell. ^James Powell and his 
wife died in 1888, at Union Springs. 

^Mary 0. Powell married James Farrish Carter. She 
died, leaving one child, ''Mary Carter, who married 
Edward T. Bandel, at Chunnenngga, Ala., in 1866. 
They had .seven children, namely : ^Annie E., *Emma C., 
«Mary C, «vSarah, «Troni)e, Jr., ^Lncy and ^Janies C. 
Eandel. ''Emma C. Randel married H. I. Rosentill, 
and has one child, "Annie K. Rosentill. *Mary C. Ran- 
del married Joseph M^irtin, and has one child, "Mary 
Martin. "Sarah Randel mai-ried McCall Frazer and 
has one child, "Mattie Frazer. All live at Union 
Springs, Ala. 

''Ana.stasia Powell married James M. Foster. They 
left two children, namely: '^Norbourne Foster, died 
unmarried. "Mary C. Foster, was the second wife of 
A. E. Pitman. Their children are: ®Ana>stasia, ^Foster, 
^Mary E., ^Virginia, ^^Norbourne F. and ®A. E. Pitman, 
Jr. All live in Union Springs, Ala. 

•^Nathaniel Powell, fifth child of ''Norbourne and 
Eliza Holmes Powell, died at twenty years of age. 

^James L. Powell married Frances Thompson. Their 
children were: ^Charles J., ^Norbourne B., ^Benjamin, 
^Richard, ''Rebecca and ^Jimmie Lucas Powell. The 
youngest, "Jimmie Lucas Powell, married A. E. Single- 
ton, and now lives at Union Springs, Ala. 

®Lucy Powell, youngest daughter of ''Norbourne and 
Eliza Holmes Powell, married Joseph M. Cary, in 
Chunnenngga, Ala., in 1863. Thev have four children, 
namely : 'Arthur P., 'Joseph M., 'Edward H. and 'Ida 
L. Cary. 'Arthur P. Cary, of Dallas, Texas, married 
Pearl Buckner, of Paducah, Ky. They have two chil- 
dren. 'Joseph M. Cary lives in \Ya.shington, D. C. 
Dr. 'Edwai-d TL Cary, of Dallas, Texas, and 'Ida L. 
Carv, of Dallas, Texas. 


Dr. ■''SeYnioi'e Powell maiTied and moved from Vir- 
ginia to Alabama. 

Dr. ^Liicas Powell married Alicia Moss. They have 
five children, namely: ^Jack, «Joe, ^Elizabeth (died 
yonng), ^Nathaniel and ^Louise Powell. 

^William Powell, sou of ^Lucas and Elizabeth Ed- 
wards Powell, married Mary Cowper. They had six 
children, namely: 'Charles, ''Amelia, 'Courtney, 
'Lucas, 'William and 'Nathaniel Powell. 

^Benjamin Powell, son of ^Lucas and Elizabeth E. 
Powell, married Jane Cowi)er. They had six children, 
namely: 'Rebecca, 'Elizabeth, 'Sally, 'Benjamin, 'Fred- 
erick and 'Abraham Powell. 

'Sally Powell married a Mr. Butler and had two chil- 
dren, namely: "Sally and ^Rebecca Butler. 

'Benjamin Powell married, first, Anna Bish, of Am- 
herst Countv, Virginia. They had one son, "Goode 
Powell, who died unmarried. 'Benjamin Powell mar- 
ried, second, a Mi-s. East, of Nashville, Tenn. She left 
two daughtei^, namely: 

^Elizabeth Powell, married James Parish Cai'ter. 
She was his second wife, and left no children. 

"Harriett Powell, married E. R. McKean. She has 
no children. She lives in Washington, D. C. 

^Seymore Powell, son of ^Lucas and Elizabeth E. 
Powell, married Sally Cowper in 1795. She was a 
cousin of his step-sisters. She died in 1798. Issue: 
'Goode and 'Roe Powell. '*Seymore Powell then moved 
to South Carolina and married the second time. 


This family descended from the ancient Welch Kings 
of Powesland. The first who assumed the name of 
Edwards (originally written Edwardes) was Robert, 
sou of Edward ap Thomas ap Llewellyn, and was lin- 
eally descended from Enion Efell, Lord of Cynllaeth in 
Montgomerieshire. He married Anne, daughter and 
heir of Robert Kyffin, of Cynlleath, and was succeeded 
by his son, John, who purchased Ne«s Strange Salop. 

The branch of the family that emigrated to Virginia 
early in the seventeenth century came from near Cardiff, 
Wales, where the ruins of an old castle, known as 
''Edwards Hall,' are still to be seen. It is said that 
this castle wa>s built in the time of William the Con- 
queror, by Sir Godefar de Pomerroi, and came into the 
possession of the Edwards family by subsequent inter- 
marriages of these families. The present representative 
of the Edwards family in England is Col. George Row- 
land Edwards, of Ness Strange Salop, born June 23, 


1810; married March 11, 1S17, to Catherine Jane, eldest 
daughter of Gen. Edward Armstrong. 

Four Edwards brothers came to America, namely: 
John, Thomas, l\obert and AVilliam Edwards. 

John Edwards was the first of the name to emigrate 
to America. He came to Virginia in 1C23, and settled 
in Northumberland County. He died in 1G03, bequeath- 
ing his proi^crty --to be sold and proceeds to be remitted 
to his wife and three children, in London, England." 
(Extract from the records of Northumberland County 
Court, Virginia.) 

Thomas Edwards came to Virginia in 1635, and set- 
tled in Surrey County, where he died in 1702, leaving 
his property to his sons, John, Thomas and William, 
and his daughters, Sarah and Elizabeth. (See Surrey 
County Record.) 

Eobert Edwards emigrated to Virginia in 1635, and 
purchased land in Westmoreland County, Virginia, in 

1669. The records of the county show a deed for this 
land "from Eobert Edwards, and his wife, Mary," in 

1670. He died without issue. 

William Edwards, the youngest of the above-named 
brothers who emigrated to ^'irginia, was born in 1616. 
He was the founder of the family in Virginia, to which 
Colony he came in 1635, when only nineteen years of 
age, in the bark, "Ye Merchants Hope," and settled in 
James City County. He was a member of the Virginia 
House of Burgesses in 1653, and patented large areas of 
land in the counties of James City, Surrey, Isle of 
Wight, Norfolk and Lancaster. 

A bond given by him in 1659 is recorded in Surrey 
County, witnessed by John Washington, the grand- 
father of George Washington, who came to America in 

He died in 1697, at the age of eighty-one, leaving his 
propertv, by will dated in 1668, to his sons, John and 

John Edwards, son of William Edwards, had two 
sons, John and Edward Edwards. Edward was killed 
in the Indian wars. 

This Edwards sketch is partly taken from a history 
of the Edwards family, compiled by Dr. C. W. Chan- 


cellor, of Maryland, United States CodsuI at Havre, 
France, in 1805. He is a descendant of William Ed- 

It is a tradition in the family that these two 
brothers bought land in New York City, and leased 
forty acres of it about the year 1760. The lease was 
for ninety-nine years. This forty acres is now the 
most populous part of New York City, Old Trinity 
Church being upon this land, 

John Edwards' descendants are the only heirs to this 
valuable property, which they have never received. 
He had eight children, namely: Elizabeth, it is sup- 
posed, married Lucas Powell after his father's removal 
to Virginia; the others were: John, James, Uriah, 
Benjamin, Mary, Eebecca and Mildred Edwards. The 
descendants of these eight Edwards brothers and sisters 
are scattered over the United States. 

Edwards. — Per fesse sa, and arg. a lion rarup. counter 
changed. Crest=within a wreath of the colors a lion ramp, 
as in the arms. 


Lawrence Smith was an officer in the Colonial Army 
of Virginia. Here is given a quotation from Howe's 
"History of Virginia," in reference to Major Smith : 

''The earliest authentic information we have of 
that portion of Virginia now called Spottsylvania, 
is found in an Act passed at a 'grand Assemblie at 
James Cittie between the 20th of Sept. 1674 and 
the 17th of March 1675, in which war is declared 
against the Indians, and among other provisions 
for carrying it out, it is ordered that "one hundred 
and eleven men out of Gloucester County be garri- 
soned at some ffort" or place of defense at or near 
the fifalls of the Rappahannock Eiver, of which ffort 
Major Lawrence Smith to be Captain or Chief 
Commander, and that the ffort be furnished with 
ffour hundred and eighty-three pounds of shott.' 
This fort was built in 1676, as appears by the pre- 
amble of a statement of a subsequent act. 

"In the vear 1679, Major Lawrence Smith upon 
his own suggestion was empowered, provided, he 
would settlei'or seate downe at, or near said fort 
bv the last dav of March, 1681, and have in readi- 
ness upon alfoccasions, upon beat of drum, fifty 
able-bodied men, well armed with sufficient ammu- 
nition &c and two hundred men more within the 
space of a mile along the riv -, and a quarter of a 
mile back from the river, prepared always to march 
twenty miles in any direction from the fort; or 
should thev be obliged to go more than such dis- 
tance, to be paid for their time thus employed at 
the rate of other souldiers, to execute martial dis- 
cipline among said fifty souldiers, and others so 
put in arms; both in times of war and peace, and 
said Smith with t^^'0 others of said privi edged 

(431 ) 

432 iiisTorx'icAL sketches. 

place, to liear and determine all causes, civil and 
criminal that may arise within said limits, as a 
Conuly Court might do, and to make by-laws for 

These military settlers were privileged from arrest 
for any debts save those due to the king, and those con- 
tracted among themselves, and were free from taxes, 
and levies, save those laid within their own limits. 
The exact situation of the fort cannot now be deter- 
mined with absolute certainty, but as it is known that 
there was once a military post at Germana, some ruins 
of which are occasionally tunied up by the plough, it is 
probable that this was the spot selected by Colonel 
Smith for his colony. The Governor fixed the seat of 
Justice at Germana, where the first Court sat on the 
1st day of August, 1722, when ^ Augustine Smith (son 
of Col." 'Lawrence Smith), Richard Booker, -John Talia- 
ferro (son-in-law of Col. ^Lawrence Smith), William 
Hunsford, Richard Johnson and William Bledsoe were 
sworn as Ju.stices, John Waller as Clerk, William 
Bledsoe as Sherifl". (See Howe's ''History of Virginia," 
p. 475.) 

In March, 1G75, the General Assembly of Virginia 
ordered Maj. Lawrence Smith, who was in command of 
311 men from Gloucester County to go to the falls of 
the Rappahannock River and stop the depredations of 
the Indians. He also led a trained band of soldiers Nathaniel Bacon and his rebels, but was de- 
serted on the field by his men, who surrendered to Gen- 
eral Ingram. 

He lived in the County of Gloucester in 1GS6. "Maj. 
Lawi^nce Smith, of Virginia, sustained great losses by 
the Rebells, his stock and other estate being Plundered 
and Inprisoned by the Rebells." (See Sufferer's 
"Bacon's Rebellion," in the Virginia Magazine of 
History and Biography," Vol. V, No. 1, July, 1897, 
p. 67.) 

•'Major Lawrence Smith was an officer in the Colonial 
Army in Virginia in 1676." (See "History of the 
Colonv and Ancient Dominion of Virginia," by Charles 
Campbell, p. ^15.) 


lu 1G91, Major Smith laid out the town of Yoiktowu 
on land that belonged to Benjamin Keade. Maj. Law- 
rence Smith and his wife, Mary, of Gloucester, gave, on 
the 12111 of June, IGOl, two plantations in Gloucester 
to their son, -John Smith, who was succeeded by his 
son and heir, ^Lawrence Smith. (Sc^ Henning's 
"Statutes of Virginia," p. 407.) 

For accounts of Maj. Lawrence Smith and his de- 
scendants, of Gloucester County, Virginia, .see WiUiain 
and Mary Quarterly.) 

At the session of the Virginia Assembly, in 1679, was 
granted to Maj. Lawrence Smith a tract of laud on the 
Rappahannock, five miles wide, and one and a half in 
length, along the river, provided he seated at the place 
on the Rappahannock where the Fort was built in the 
year 1076, fifty able-bodied men, and two hundred other 
men. He was to be Commander of the armed force, and 
to have legal jurisdiction. He owned large tracts of 
land in County, and in the records of that county 
are a number of deeds in reference to this land. Of the 
children of ^Lawrence Smith, -Elizabeth married John 
Battallie, a Captain commanding a company of rangers 
in the service against the Indians in 1692. He was 
also a member of the House of Burgesses, the same year, 
from Essex County. (See "Calendar of Virginia State' 

-Sarah Smith, the* second daughter of Col. ^Lawrence 
Smith, married Col. ^Jobn Taliaferro, "Gentleman." 
Colonel ^Smith's sons were: ^Charles, ^\ugustine (mar- 
ried Susanna ), ^John and ^Lawrence Smith. 

This extract is from the Winder papers in the Vir- 
ginia State Library (see Virginia Magazine of History, 
July, 1895) : 

"By order of our Assemble Maj. Lawrence Smith 
on ye 1st day of May came up to parts with 
110 foot of Horse to our noe little satisfaction, yt 
(there was now balme found in Gilliard) we had 
not time to surfett ourselves, but in discourse we 
found that Major Smith had noe commission but 
against the Susquehanoths, tho we had a man 
killed within less than a mile of ve Mansatico 


Townc dui'ing ye session of ye Assemblie. How- 
somcver ]\Iajor Smith, like a most loyal subject to 
his Prince, by his constant rainging did well defend 
these parts." 

"In Jn]y,Maj.ThomasHawkings had a commission 
gr-ted for ye destroying of our neighboring Indians 
as well as the Susquehanoths (yit our neighboring 
Indians left their towns within 4 days after ye first 
murder was committed). We ytt Major Smith 
went downe wth 50 horse & foote to congratulate 
ye good news together wth an Intention to sup- 
press ye Insolence committed. Several houses 
were burned, People killed and wounded in Pascat- 
away on ye 10th July, ye worshipfull Major Haw- 
kings and ilajor Smith were by Nathaniel Bacon, 
Junior, carried away Prisoners." (See Yirginia 
Magazine of History,\o]. Ill, No. 1, July, 1895.) 

"In July, 1609, the Governor of Virginia recom- 
mended Maj. Lawrence Smith among the gentlemen 
of estate and standing suitable for appointment to 
the Council. Major Smith died in August, 1700. 
His will is dated August 8, 1700: and the honor 
of which the father was deemed worthy fell upon 
his son, John Smith, of Gloucester, who became 
Councellor and County Lieutenant, and he died in 
1720. ^Lawrence Smith inherited large landed 
estates in the Parish of Abingdon and County of 
Gloucester." (See Henning's "Statutes of Vir- 
ginia," Vol. VI, p. 407.) 

^John Smith married Elizabeth . Their son 

and heir, ^Lawrence Smith, was living in York County, 
Virginia, in 1733. He was a Colonel, Justice and 
Sheriff in his county; also a member of the House of 
Burgesses, He married Mildred, daughter of Capt. 
Thomas Chisman (brother of Maj. Edniond Chisman, 
of Bacon's Rebellion). His second wife was Mildred, 
daughter of John Keade, she being the widow of Col. 
James Goodwin, of Virginia. 

■•Edmond Smith, ^Lawrence Smith's son by his first 


wife, married Agnes Sclater, of York County, daughter 
of Kichard Sclater. The children of his second wife 
(Mildred Eeade Goodwin) were: ^Margaret, ^Catherine, 
"Robei-t, *Lucy and ^Lawrence Smith. 

^Edmond Smith died in 1750, in Yorktown. lie was 

a merchant. He married Elizabeth . They 

had two children. 

The will of -Lawrence Smith (son of Col. ^Lawrence 
Smith) was proved in February, 1779. ^Robert, his 
son, died in 1814, leaving several sous, among them 
being *Thomas, ^John and ^Augustine Smith. 

One Augustine Smith, of Virginia, descent, is now 
(1895) living in New York City. (This is from William 
and Mary Quarterly Magazine.) 

-John Smith, of Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, 
Virginia, son of Col. Lawrence Smith, was a member of 
the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1GS5; of the Council 
about 1706. In the last named year he was appointed 
County Lieutenant of Gloucester, and in 1707, also of 
Kings and Queens County. (From Sainsbury Ab- 
stracts.) He married Elizabeth Cox, daughter of CoL 
John Cox and his wife, Arabella Strachey, daughter of 
William Strachey, of Virginia, and gi'anddaughter of 
William Strachey, of Salton Court, Somerset, England. 

This =John SmUh died in 1720. He left a son, =*Law- 
rence, who was a Burgess for Gloucester in 1736. He 
was authorized by the assembly to sell his entailed 
lands in Gloucester for 4,000 acres in Spottsylvauia 
County, and 45 pounds sterling. (See WiUiain and 
Mary Quarterly, Vol. IV, pp. 192-194; also Yirninia 
Historical Magazine, Vol. VII, No. 4, 1900, p. 400.) 

^'Tuesday morning, at his home near Yorktown, Va., 
died. Col. Lawrence Smith, for many years Justice of 
the Peace and Representative from his county in the 
House of Burgesses." (From the Virginia Gazette, 
1739.) We suppose this was a grandson of Maj. ^Law- 
rence Smith, the first on record. 

Col. James Goodwin lived in York County, Virginia. 
His wife, Rachel, died in 1666. He then married 
Mildred Reade, daughter of John Reade. He died and 
she married ^Lawrence Smith, above named. Their 


lumb, with coat of arms still engraved upon it, was 
standing iu Virginia in 1S95. 

When Fredeiicksbnig, Va., was incorporated, in 1727, 
there was a warclioiise on its site. The act of incorpo- 
ration appointed John Robinson, Henry Willis, Angus- 
tine Smith, John Taliaferro, Henry Beverly, John 
Waller and Jeremiah Clonder as trnstees. The firet 
chnrch was built on the site of the present Episcopal 
Church. (See Howe's ''History of Virginia,'' p. 479. ) 




Letter from William C. Preston to John Campbell 13 

A compact formed by the settlers of Western Virginia 

during the Colonial period ^ 

A call to the Rev. Cbarles Cummings 30 

Capt John Campbell's military commission 37 

Letter from Isaac Shelby to John Shelby 40 

Letter from Col. William C. Preston to Patrick Henry 44 

letter from Col. Arthur Campbell to Gov. David Campbell. 47 
Letter from Col. Arthur Campbell to Gov. David Campbell. 49 

Letter from Thomas Jefferson to '"John Campbell 50 

Letter from Gov. David Campbell to Lyman C. Draper 51 

Letter from Gov. David Campbell to Lyman C. Draper 60 

Letter from Tabitha Moore to Gov. David Campbell 69 

Letter from Gov. David Campbell to Lyman C. Draper 70 

Letter from Gov. David Campbell to Lyman C. Draper 81 

Letter from Gov. David Campbell to Lyman C. Draper 86 

Letter from Lyman C. Draper to Gov. David Campbell, 

including a quotation from letter of Maj. Benjamin 

Sharp „ 

letter from Gov. David Campbell to Dr. J. G. M. Ramsey. . 92 
Criticism of "Annals of Tennessee by Dr. Ramsey," by Gov. 

David Campbell ^ 

For The Virginwn, Old Washington (including the names 

of Its first settlers), by Gov. David Campbell 97 

An obituary notice of Col. Robert Campbell 119 

Letter from Mrs. Catherine Bowen Campbell to William B. 

Campbell -■ "/^ 

Rev. John Poage Campbell, from Perrin's History of ^^^ 

Kentucky ' " 

A manuscript supposed to have been written by A. H. 



488 INDEX. 


Capt. William Bowcn's commission 255 

Laud deeds of tbe Taliaferros from 1666 to 1808 387 

Laud grants to the Taliaferros in Virginia 391 

Part of a letter written by Col. Byrd Willis 412 



Campbell Coat of Arms, page 7 ; description 141 

Russell Coat of Anns, page 274 ; description 308 

Owen Coat of Arms, page 317; description 330 

Amis Coat of Arms, page 337 ; description 342 

Pilchcr Coat of Arms, page 343 ; description 368 

Carotbers Coat of Arms, page 369 ; description 384 

Taliaferro Coat of Arms, page 385 ; description 414 

Edwards Coat of Arms, page 428 ; description 430 

Note. — We find much carelessness in the spelling of proper 
names, consequently the same name is not always spelled the 
same way by members of the same family. 





Adams, George 79 

Adams, Ignatius 309 

Alexander, Maj. R...148, 1C7 

Allen, Hugh 43 

Allen, Joseph C 169 

Allen, Capt. W. B. 

167, 169, 171, 174 

Allison, James H 169, 174 

Allison, T. P. F 108 

Amis, Thomas 338 

Amis, William 340 

Ampudia, General ... 169, 170 

Anderson, John 79 

Anderson, Col. S. R. 

148, 166, 167 

Arbuckle, Captain 42, 265 

Archer, Captain 264 

Bacon, Nathaniel 434 

Battallie, John 433 

Baytop, Col. James 397 

Beard, Arthur C 106 

Bennett, Captain 170 

Bentley, Capt. William... 261 

Bird, Charles Willing 229 

Blackmore, W. M 167, 171 

Bland, Theodorick 203 

Bledsoe, William 432 

Bonner, J. W 328 

Booker, Richard 432 

Bowen, Charles 263 

Bowen, Henry 255 

Bowen, 'John 254 

Bowen, Col. *John H..258, 333 

Bowen, "John 339 

Bowen, Reese 

142, 254, 265, 267 


Boweu, Robert 261 

Bowen, Capt William 

69, 79, 255, 263, 265, 

267, 272, 283 

Bracken, Matthew 43 

Bradfute, Colonel 175 

Brank, Ephraim 296 

Brent, Maj. Thomas Y. . . . 297 

Brooke, ^Francis 396 

Brooke, Trancis 413 

Brooke, John 396 

Brooke, Lawrence 396 

Brooke, 'Robert 396 

Brooke, 'Robert 413 

Brown, Aaron V 165, 166 

Brown, Neil S 163 

Bryan, William 282 

Buchanan, Captain 166 

Buchanan, Robert 48, 79 

Buford, Thomas 41, 43 

Butler, General 149 

Butler, Capt Richard 417 

Cameron, Judge Duncan. . 341 

Campbell, Albert 212, 232 

Campbell, Gen. Alexander. 131 

Campbell, Archibald 8 

Campbell, 'Arthur. .15, 33, 

53, 54, 71, 81, 91, 105, 

125, 136, 284 

Campbell, "Arthur D 106 

Campbell, •Charles 

12, 123, 295 

Campbell, Charles ...197, 205 

Campbell, Charles 197 

Campbell, Col. *Davld 

96, 132, 134, 135, 286 




Campbell, Judge 'David 

33, 48, 114, 116 

Campbell, Gov. ""David 

14, 37, 39, 109, 138 

Campbell, (White) »David 33- 

Cami)bell, "David H 107. 

Campbell, Duncan 9 

Campbell, Frank T 207 

Campbell, '"James 57, 107 

Campbell, "James C 102 

Campbell, Capt. »John 

33, 34, 36, 54, 72, 79, 
88, 91, 92, 95, 133, 136 

Campbell, "John A 102 

Campbell, Gen. ^John.137, 138 

Campbell, 'John 11 

Campbell, Jobn (of Rich 

Valley) 79 

Campbell, John Wilson 

213, 229, 250 

Campbell, Dr. John 202 

Campbell, >»John B..56, 80, 106 

Campbell, John 109 

Campbell, John Toage ... 222 

Campbell. Johu H 112 

Campbell, '"John 101 

Campbell, Joseph N, 

Harvey 213 

Campbell, Joseph N. 

213, 230, 251 

Campbell, Col. Richard. 66, 251 
Campbell, Col. 'Robert 

33, 35, 118 

Campbell, Robert 245 

Campbell, Samuel 246 

Campbell, Samuel R 217 

Campbell, Gen. '"William 

12, 48, 50, 54, 57, 58, 

59, 73, 80, 123, 287 

Campbell, William 9 

Campbell, William W 9 


Campbell, Gov. William B. 

110, ni, 142, 165 
Campbell, William P. A.. 104 
Campbell, Maj. 'William 

131, 134 
Campbell, Gen. 'William 

131, 135 
Campbell, Capt "William 295 
Campbell, Col. William... 245 

Campbell, "William* 210 

Campbell, William M 207 

Campbells 248, 249 

Cantrell, Lieut. Gov. 

James E 298 

Carter, General 382 

Carter, Colonel 59 

Canoe, Dragon. .74, 76, 88, 90 

Carothers, Andrev? 372 

Carothers, James 370 

Carothers, 'John 370 

Carothers, 'John 373 

Carothers, Joseph 374 

Carothers, Samuel R 374 

Caruthers, James 378 

Caruthers, 'Robert 378 

Caruthers, 'Robert ...379, 380 
Caruthers, Judge Robt L. 382 
Cheatham, Capt B. F. 

166, 171, 174, 175 

Cheatham, Maj. B. F 175 

Childers, Colonel 166 

Christian, Gilbert 

54, 66, 72, 79 

Christian, William. 17, 44, 

54, 58, 60, 66, 91, 124 

Cleveland, Colonel 126 

Cocke, William 

74, 75, 80, 87, 88 

Colville, Andrew 79 

Conway, Capt Catlett... 396 
Conyngham, Patrick. . .24, 135 




Cornstalk, Chief 2G3, 2&4 

Cornwallis, Lord 125, 128 

Courts, Maj. "John 

279, 311, 312 

Courts, 'John 312 

Courts, 'John 312, 313 

Courts, "John 31i 

Cooper, Hon. Edmund... 160 

Craig, Robert 79 

Crittenden, John J 78 

Crosswait, Broomfield . . . 423 

Crosswait, Frank 423 

Crosswait, Shelton 423 

Cuiumiugs, Rev. Charles 

52, 90 

Cundiflf, Ensign 43 

Cunniughani, Mr 254 

Daniel, General 340 

Davis, Col. Jeff 149 

Davis, Lieutenant 90 

Deaderick, Judge James M. 117 

Denon, Caleb 204 

Dickinson, Capt. John. .41, 43 

Dies, Lieut John 175 

Dixon, George 109 

Dorris, W. D 107 

Duncan, John 79 

Dunmore, Governor 

41, 61, 90, 238, 263, 

279, 283, 284 

Dysart James 79 

Edmondson, Maj. Wm. 

17, 20, 79, 80, 89 

Edmondson, Robert. 88, 89, 90 

Edwards, William 429 

Ellison, Andrew 241 

Ellison, William 135 

Ferguson, General ...125, 127 
Farquaharson, Maj. Robt 

148, 167, 172, 173 


Fields, Col. John. . .42, 43, 46 
riemming, Col. WMlliam 

41, 42, 43, 46, 66 

Floyd, Gov. John 15, 252 

Foster, Capt Robert C. 

166, 170, 175 

Friersou. Captain ... .166, 171 

Gaines, General .^^. 165 

Garland, Colonel Tc ." 174 

Garrard, James 293 

Garth, William 2&4 

Gates, General 125 

Gentry, Meredith P 154 

Gillespie, Col. John 380 

Guiscard, Robert 386 

Godfrey, George 309 

Goldman, Lieutenant 43 

Goodwin, Lemuel 326, 335 

Goodwin, Capt Thomas. . 334 

Goodwin, Samuel 334 

Grant, Daniel 331 

Grant Thomas 322, 332 

Grant "Thomas 332 

Green, Gen. Nathaniel 

59, 115, 286 

Greer, Andrew 20 

Guild, J. C 145, 146 

Hamilton, Gen. Alexander 205 

Hampton, Gen. 'Wade. .15, 252 

Hampton, Gen. 'Wade. .15, 252 

Harrison, 'Carter H 291 

Harrison, 'Carter H 291 

Harrison, Col. Robert H. 

41, 315 

Harrison, Gen. W. H.. .56, 289 

Haskell, Col 172 

Hawkings, Maj. Thomas.. 434 

Hebb, G. V 167 

Heiman, A 167 

Hemphill, Admiral J. N... 231 




Heuley, Capt. Robert 313 

Heury, Patrick 12, 65, 

238, 239, 251, 256 
Howry, Judge Charles B. . 202 
Howry, Judge James M. . . 201 

Houstou, Gen. Saru 237 

Hunsford, William 432 

Jackson, Andrew.. 10, 161, 229 

Jackson, Colonel 170 

John, Hon. John 115 

Johnson, General 53, 105 

Joliuson, Gideon 319 

Johnson, Richard 432 

Jones, Charles 315 

Jones, John Courts 315 

Jones, John Paul 396 

Kautz, Admiral Albert... 231 

Kincaid, John 79 

LaFayette, General 12, 128 

Lane, Lieutenant 43 

Lauderdale, Samuel 172 

La Vega, General 172 

Lee, Gen. Henry 198, 400 

Lee. Gen. Robert E...152, 198 

Lewis, Aaron 79 

Lewis, Gen. Andrew 

41, 44, 69, 91, 263 

Lewis, Col. Charles 

41, 42, 46 

Lewis, Col. Charles A 413 

Lewis, Col. Fielding 413 

LewLs, Capt. John. ... .41, 42 

Lewis, .John 399 

Lewis, Thomas 239 

Lockridge, Captain 41 

Love, Captain 41 

Lurton, Justice H. H 327 

Maney, Gen. George 175 

Marshall, John 108 

Marshall, Justice John . . . 398 
Marshall, Wm 108 


Martin, Joseph 67, 79, 81 

Martin, Thomas 79 

Matthews, Captain 42 

Mauldin, Captain 166, 170 

McClaunahan, Robert. .42, 43 
McClellan, Lieut G. B.. . . 152 

McClelland, Robert 373 

McCluug, H. L 181 

McClung, P. M 184 

McCorey, Mr 173 

McDonald, Edward 35 

McDowell, Captain 42, 126 

McLean, Judge Alney .... 295 

McLean, Cornelius 301 

McLean, Lieut. Ridley 423 

McMurrey, Captain 

166, 171, 175 

McPhail, Dr 167 

Miller, J. G 177 

Montgomery, James 79 

Moore, Col. John H 257 

Moore, Col. Wm 279, 310 

Morgan, Maj. Alexander.. 293 

Morgan, Daniel 48 

Morrison, Archibald ..76, 132 
Morrison, Maj. John 

76,88,96,132, 135 

Morrison, John 76 

Mulenburg, Gen. Peter . . . 286 

Muuford, Robert 203 

Murrey, Capt. John ...... 43 

Neal, Henry Safford. .212, 232 

Nelson, Thomas 413 

Neville, Col. John 261 

Nixon, Lieutenant 175 

Northcutt Captain... 166, 171 

Owen. Daniel 325 

Owen. John 322, 323 

Owen, Col. Richardson ... 321 

Owen, Thomas 320 

Patterson, General 171 




raulia, Captain 42 

Peinborton, Judge William 424 
Peyton, Col. Bailey. . .149, 170 

Pickett, William 202 

Pilcher, James 359 

Pllcher, James E 361 

Pilcher, James S 355 

Pilcber, Joshua 367 

Pilcher, Ma1:thew B 306 

Pilcher, Robert 347 

Pilcher, William S 363 

Pillow, General ..170, 172, 173 

Polk, James K 147 

Powell, Anthony 415, 416 

Powell, Benjamin 419 

Powell, Capt. John 415 

Powell, John 418 

Powell, Lucas 420 

Powell, Nathaniel 415, 416 • 

Powell, Major 420 

Powell, Sir Stephen. .416, 418 
Powell, Capt William. 416, 417 
Preston, Gen. Frances. . . . 252 

Preston, Col. John S 252 

Preston, William C. 

13, 200, 252 

Preston, William 239 

Putnam, Silas M 169 

Quitman, General 

149. 170, 174 

Randolph, John 48 

Randolph, Col. Thomas M. 39 
Ridley, Judge Bromfleld.. 422 

Riley, Judge James 19 

Roan/ Archibald 121, 122 

Robertson, F. J 167 

Robertson, James . .41, 43, 79 

Robinson, John B 173 

Rose, Colonel 420 

Russell, Andrew 17, 35 

Russell, 'Henry.. 279, 280, 289 


Russell, 'Henry 282, 289 

Russell, Henley 303 

Russell, Robert de 275 

Russell, Robert S 292 

Russell, Col. "Thomas A. . . 293 

Russell, •Thomas A 293 

Riissell, Col. ^William 

276, 278, 279, 288 

Russell, Gen. 'William 

41, 61, 66, 74, 110, 143, 

256, 263, 270, 278, 279, 
280, 283, 284, 285, 286 
Russell, 'William. 287, 288, 289 
Santa Anna, Gen.. 171, 173, 401 

Sevier, Charles 43, 45 

Sevier, Gen. John 50, 125 

Sevier, Val 41 

Scott, Gen. Charles 289 

Scott, Gen. Winfield 

....110, 151, 152, 171, 172 

Scudder, James L 169 

Sharp, Col. Benjamin 

70, 77, 91 

Shelby, Evan... 41, 42, 45, 

61, 65, 79, 80, 96, 124, 284 
Shelby, Isaac. . .40, 48, 54, 

73, 94, 125, 264, 283 
Shelby, James.... 74, 79, 

87, 88, 89, 95 

Shelby, John 79 

Shields, General 171, 172 

Skidmar, John 43 

Smith. Augustine 432 

Smith, Daniel 79, 80 

Smith, John 434, 435 

Smith, 'Lawrence. 431, 432. 433 
Smith, 'Lawrence . . . .434, 435 

Snoddy. John 79, 81 

SiX)ttswood. Gov. Alex. 

198. 225, 278 

Steele, Col. John 134 




Street, Oliver D 107 

Stuart, Captain 42 

Stuart, Gen. J. E. B.. .200, 237 
Taliaferro, 'Bonjamin W. . 401 
Taliaferro, "Benjamin 

393, 400 

Taliaferro, Col. Cbarles. . 405 

Taliaferro, Francis 394 

Taliaferro, James Govan. . 409 
Taliaferro, 'John ....392, 394 

Taliaferro, "John 411 

Taliaferro, 'John P 412 

Taliaferro, 'Nicholas 392 

Taliaferro, "Nicholas .... 413 
Taliaferro, Capt 'Richard 

348, 393, 405 

Taliaferro, 'Richard 404 

Taliaferro, Theophihis W. 401 
Taliaferro, Col. Thornton. 401 
Taliaferro, Dr. Valentine. 403' 
Taliaferro, "William G. 

2G2, 408 

Taliaferro, 'William. .392, 397 
Taliaferro, 'Zachariah . . . 400 
Taliaferro 'Zachariah.393, 401 

Tate, James 48 

Taylor, Gen. Zack 110, 

148, 151, 168, 169, 170, 413 
Taylor, Senator Robert L. 328 
Thompson, James 

74, 76, 80, 87, 88 

Todd, Col. Charles S. 

195, 223, 291 

Todd, Judge Thomas 195 

Toulman, Judge Henry ... 68 
Ti-ousdale, Col. William 

....110. 145, 147, 154, 155 

Tweed, Archibald 211 

Twiggs, General. .151, 171. 173 
Van Buren, Martin 10 


Vance, Lieutenant 43 

Van Dyke, John M 117 

Van Dyke, Richard 117 

Van Dyke, Thomas J.. 116, 117 
Vest, Senator George M.. . 119 

Waller, John 432 

Walton, Capt William B. 

166, 168, 170, 175 

Ward, Capt James 43 

Washington, Gen. George 

....239, 286, 315, 400, 411 

Wayne, Gen. Anthony 289 

Weems, Locke 425 

Whcedon, General 286 

White, Hugh Lawson 10 

White, Gon. James 10, 176 

Whitfield, Captain 166, 171 

Whitley, Moses 254 

Wilkersou, Col. James. . . . 289 

Williams, Mark 43 

Willson, Edgar 234 

Willson. Eugene 234 

Willson, Col. John 

210, 234, 237 

Willson, John 236 

Willson, Matthew D 236 

Willson, Moses 235 

Willson, Thomas 234 

Willson, William M 235 

Wilson, Capt Samuel. .41, 43 

Woodford, General 286 

Woods, Gov. Archibald ... 397 

Worth, General 170, 171 

Wozencrof t, George 330 

Wright Col. Charles ...... 109 

Wythe. Chancellor George 414 

Yates, Maj. Robert 313 

Yeardley, Gov. George... 417 
Yerger, Judge, J. S...258, 333 


3 1197 01164 7671 


OCT 07 


,.. 1 / 


k\r,\( '■; f^, '•' 


}\V,\ i " 

m 7 B ?.m 

Brigham Young University 

tr^^ w, V ■"»■ ^ 


s,gn ♦ *;« 



;tw..7 '-j'l-j 

1 ii,