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Full text of "Memoirs of France and the Eighty-eighth Division : being a review without official character of the experiences of the "Cloverleaf" Division in the great world war from 1917 to 1919 ; with special histories of the 352d Inf., 337th F.A., and 339th F.A."

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o^FfeANCE 

and the 

08™ DIVISION 




E.JD.Laiion 



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Memoirs of France 



and the 



Eighty-Eighth Division 



Bein, A Review Withon, Officia, Character „, the Experiences 
of .he •■Cloverleaf Division in ,he Great 
World War from 1917 to 1919 



With Specia, Histories of the 3 5MIn ,, WthF . A . a „ d339thR 



A. 



Compiled by 

E. J. D. LARSON, 

Captain Inf., 88th Division Hdqr 



Minneapolis, Minn., May 1, l 920 



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Remarks 



THIS book is published in order to preserve in permanent form, mem- 
ories of a trying period in the history of our beloved Country for the ben- 
efit of the members of the Eighty-eighth Division, their families, and 
those to come after them. It has been completed only after many months 
of labor and the expenditure of more than $2,500, aside from the cost of 
printing and of paper. While the time of preparation may have seemed long 
to some, it is to be regretted that many months more could not have been de- 
voted to it. Advance promises to publish at an early date, however, and the 
constantly increasing difficulties of the printing and engraving trades, render 
it expedient to go to press without further delay. 

The idea of a book containing the story of the individual American soldier 
in the World War met with instant and loud applause in the Division, and 
this work is presented with the hope that it will fill the need which was believed 
to exist. — E. J. D. L. 



Table of Contents 

Map, Travels of the 88th Division Frontispiece 

Facts About the World War 4 

PART 1. United States Dragged Into World War 7 

PART 2. Personal Narratives and Reminiscences 19 

PART 3. History of the352d Infantry 55 

PART 4. History of the 163d Field Artillery Brigade 65 

History of the 337th Field Artillery Regiment 67 

History of the 339th Field Artillery Regiment 76 

PART 5. "Finit la Guerre". 84 

PART 6. Album of 88th Division Members 85 

Appendix 151 



504682 



Facts About the World War 



DECLARATIONS OF WAR 



1014 

July 28 — Austria on Serbia. 

Aug. 1 — Germany on Russia. 

Aug. 3 — France on Germany. 
Germany on France. 

Aug. 4 — Germany on Bel- 
gium. 

Great Britain on Ger- 
many. 

Aug. 6 — Austria on Russia. 

Aug. 8 — Montenegro on Aus- 
tria. 

Aug. 9 — Austria on Monte- 
negro. 

Montenegro on Ger- 
many. 
Serbia on Germany. 

Aug. 13 — France on Austria. 
Great Britain on Aus- 
tria. 

Aug. 23 — Japan on Germany. 



Aug. 27 — -Austria on Japan. 

Aug. 28 — Austria on Bel- 
gium. 

Nov. 3 — Russia on Turkey. 

Nov. 5 — France on Turkey. 
Great Britain on Tur- 
key. 

Nov. 23 — Turkey on Allies. 
Portugal on Germany. 
(Resolution passed au- 
thorizing military inter- 
vention as ally Ens- 
land.) 

Dec. 2 — Serbia on Turkey. 
1015 

May 19 — Portugal on Ger- 
many. (Military aid 
granted). 

May 14 — San Marino on Aus- 
tria. 
Italy on Austria. 



Aug. 21 — Italy on Turkey. 

Oct. 14 — Bulgaria on Serbia. 

Oct. 15 — Great Britain on 
Bulgaria. 

Oct. 16 — France on Bulgaria. 
Serbia on Bulgaria. 

Oct. 19 — Italy on Bulgaria. 
Russia on Bulgaria. 
1018 

Mar. 9 — Germany on Portu- 
gal. 

Aug. 27 — Roumania on Aus- 
tria. 

Aug. 28 — Italy on Germany. 

Aug. 29 — Turkey on Rou- 
mania. 

Sept. 14 — Germany on Rou- 
mania. 

Nov. 28 — Greece on Bulgaria. 
(Provisional Gov't). 
Greece on Germany. 
(Provisional Gov't). 



1017 

Apr. 6 — United States on 

Germany. 
Apr. 7 — Cuba on Germany. 

Panama on Germany. 
July 2 — Greece on Germany. 

(Gov't of Alexander). 

Greece on Bulgaria. 

(Gov't of Alexander). 
July 22 — Siam on Austria. 

Siam on Germany. 
Aug. 4 — Liberia on Germany. 
Aug. 14 — China on Austria. 

China on Germany. 
Oct. 26 — Brazil on Germany. 
Dec. 7 — United States on 

Austria. 
Dec. 10 — Panama on Austria- 
Hungary. 



SEVERANCE OF DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS 



1014 

July 26 — Austria with Serbia. 

Aug. 10 — France with Aus- 
tria. 

Aug. 13— Egypt with Ger- 
many. 

Aug. 26 — Austria with Jap- 
an. 

1016 

Mar. 16 — Austria with Por- 
tugal. 



1017 

Feb. 3 — United States with 
Germany. 

Mar. 14 — China with Ger- 
many. 

Apr. 8 — Austria with United 
States. 

Apr. 11 — Brazil with Ger- 
many. 

Apr. 14 — Bolivia with Ger- 
many. 



FINAL V. S. CASUALTY LIST. 

Killed in action 34,248 

Died of disease 23,430 

Died of wounds 13,700 

Uied of accident 2,019 

Drowned 300 

Suicide 272 

Murder or homicide 154 

Executed by sentence of General Court Martial 10 

Other known causes 489 

Causes undetermined 1,839 

Presumed dead 650 

Total dead , 77,118 

Prisoners unaccounted for 15 

Prisoners died 147 

Prisoners repatriated 4.270 

Total prisoners , 4.432 

Wounded slightly 91,189 

Wounded severely 83,390 

Wounded, degree undeterntined 46,480 

Total wounded 221,050 

Missing in action 3 

Grand total .' 302,612 



CASUALTIES II V STATES. 



State Cas 

Montana 3 

Connecticut 6 

Wyoming 

Pennsylvania 35 

North Dakota 2 

New York 40 

Wisconsin 9 

Malm 1 

Massachusetts 13, 

New Jersey 10 

Oklahoma 6 

Michigan 10 

New Hampshire 1 

Minnesota 7 

Ohio ' 16 

Vermont 1 

Iowa 7 

Illinois 18 

Wi -st Virginia 4 

South Dakota 1 

Kansas 5 

Nevada 

Maryland 3 

Missouri 10 

Virgina 6 

Rhode Island 1 

Tennessee 6 







Per 




thousand 




o 


f popu- 


iualties 


Dead 


lation 


.,l i:: 


934 


9.1 


1.265 


1,265 


5.6 


676 


233 


4.6 


.,042 


7,898 


4.5 


1,560 


700 


4.43 


1,282 


9.196 


4.41 


i,813 


2.649 


4.2 


:,351 


409 


4.1 


,505 


2,955 


4.01 


M66 


2.367 


4.006 


1.358 


1,471 


3.8 


,369 


2,751 


3.6 


,631 


358 


3.55 


,323 


2,133 


3 52 


1,007 


4,082 


3.3 


,170 


300 


3.288 


.311 


2,161 


il.L'sr, 


,264 


4,260 


3.22 


,018 


L.068 


3.208 


,N«7 


554 


3.1 


1,182 


1,270 


3.09 


250 


71 


3.05 


1.812 


975 


3.02 


1.385 


2,562 


3.009 


1.130 


1,635 


2.9 


.562 


355 


2.87 


1.190 


1,836 


2.83 



Apr. 20 — Turkey with United 
States. 

Apr. 27 — Guatemala with 
Germany. 

May 17 — Honduras with Ger- 
many. 

May IS — Nicaragua with 
Germany. 

June 17 — Hayti with Ger- 
many. 



July 2 — Greece with Turkey. 

(Gov't of Alexander). 

Greece with Austria. 

(Gov't of Alexander) 
Sept. 21 — Costa Rica with 

Germany. 
Oct. 6 — Peru with Germany. 
Oct. 7 — Uruguay with G€r- 

many. 



California 6,650 1,747 2.76 

Arizona 557 150 2.72 

tl tah 1,006 302 2.69 

Maine 2,090 518 2.68 

New Mexico 860 22S 2.66 

North Carolina 5,799 1,610 2.62 

Texas 10,133 . 2,722 2.6 

South Carolina 3.919 1,138 2 58 

Nebraska 3,041 855 2.55 

Washington 3,070 STT 2.51 

Alabama 5,160 1,251 2 4 

Kentucky 5,380 1,436 2.349 

Oregon 1,577 512 2.344 

Dist. Columbia 733 202 2.33 

Colorado 1.759 537 2.2 

Indiana 5,766 1,510 2.1 

Arkansas 2,658 S83 1.7 

Georgia 4,425 1,530 1.6 

Delaware 303 87 1.4 

Louisiana 2,169 823 1.3 

Mississippi 2,303 904 1.28 

Florida 1.171 467 1.27 

Alaska 15 6 

Hawaii 13 4 

Porto Rico 12 1 

Philippines 7 3 

Canal Zone 3 2 

II 

iiatil.- Death* of Ml Aralea. 

Russia 1,700,000 

Germany 1 ,700,000 

France 1,385,000 

Great Britain 900,000 

Austria 800,000 

Italy 330,000 

Turkey 250,000 

Serbia and Montenegro 125,000 

Belgium 1 02.000 

Roumania I 00.000 

Bulgaria 100,000 

iTnited States 49.000 

Greece 7,000 

Portugal 2.000 

Total 7,550.000 

Russia's losses were for only three years, as she withdraw 
from the war in 1917. Deaths were between 20 and 25 in each 
100 called to the colors (U. S. not included). In our Civil 
war the deaths from fighting and disease in the Northern army 
were 10 men in each hundred. 

France had 89.3% or 8.392,000 of her 9.336,000 men of 
military age (from 18 to 50 years) in the front lines or army 



zones during the war. Great Britain had the following total 
of troops from the respective possessions : 

British Isles 5.704,416 

Canada •• • 640,886 

Australia 416,809 

New Zealand 220,099 

South Africa 136,070 

India 1,401,350 

Other Colonies 134,837 

Total j 8,654,467 

Some of the figures for Central Europe and Turkey would 
be hundreds of thousands more if deaths from other causes 
be included. Thus Serbia reported her losses in killed, died 
of wounds and disease at 292,342. 



The war cost the world $200,000,000,000 in money, material 
and property, it is estimated, but the latter probably will never 
be known exactly. 



President Wilson welcomed the soldiers of the National 
Army into the Nation's service Sept. 3, 1917, with a message 
in which he said : "You are undertaking a great duty. The 
heart of the whole country is with you. Everything that you 
do will be watched with the deepest interest and with the 
deepest solicitude not only by those who are near and dear to 
you, but by the whole Nation besides. For this great war 
draws us all together, makes us all comrades and brothers, as 



all true Americans felt themselves to be when we first made 
good our national independence. The eyes of all the world 
will be upon you because you are in some special sense the 
soldiers of freedom. Let it be your pride, therefore, to show 
all men everywhere not only what good soldiers you are, but 
also what good men you are, keeping yourselves fit and straight 
in everything and pure and clean through and through. Let 
us set for ourselves a standard so high that it will be a glory 
to live up to it and then let us live up to it and add a new 
laurel to the crown of America. My affectionate confidence 
goes with you in every battle and every test. God keep and 
guide you !" 



Men and women of the United States engaged in war ac- 
tivities were as follows : 

Men In France fighting 1 'cnn'nS!l 

Men in France behind lines ™„'n„„ 

Men in Army in United States 1, l?2'nnS 

Men in Navy bou.ouo 

Men in war work in United States iHnn'nn?, 

Men in non-war work in U. S 18,600,000 

. Total men 30,000,000 

Women in war work 2,250,000 

Women in non-war work 25,750,000 

Total women 28,000.000 



Chronology of 88th Division 



1017. 

Aug. 25 — Organized at Camp 
Dodge, Iowa, with the 
arrival of Mai-Gen. Ed- 
ward H. Plummer to as- 
sume command. 

Aug. 29 — Arrival of 796 offi- 
cers from First Federal 
Reserve Officers' Train- 
ing Camp at Fort Snell- 
ing, mostly from Minne- 
sota, Nebraska, Iowa 
and North and South 
Dakota. 

Sept. 4 — First contingent of 
5 per cent of first draft 
begins to arrive. During 
succeeding months large 
numbers of men of first 
and second drafts are 
sent away, mainly to 
Camps Cody, Bowie, 
Doniphan, Pike, Grant 
and Travis. 



1918. 

Jan. 1 — Arrival of 868 offi-, 
i.is for duty from the' 
Second Officers' Training 
Camps at Forts Sheri- 
dan, Snelling and Ben- 
jamin Harrison. 

July 25 — First trainload of 
88th Division troops 
leave for France when 
the advance and school 
detachments depart at 
9 P. m. accompanied by 
Brig. Gen. W. D. Beach, 
acting division c o m- 
mander. 

Aug. 20 — First Division 
headquarters abroad 

• ■pened at Semur (Cote 
d'Or), in newly-opened 
21st Training Area. 

Aug. 10-13 — 163d F. A. Brig, 
leaves Camp Dodge for 
Port of Embarkation, 
Hoboken. 

Sept. 4-12 — 163d F. A. Brig, 
lands at Be Havre and is 
separated permanently 
from the 88th Division 
proper. 

Sept. 5. — Maj. Gen. William 
Weigel assigned to com- 
mand of the Division. 



Sept. 10-16 — Units of 163d F. 
A. Brig. reach their 
training areas: Brigade 
Headquarters and 337th 
and 339th Regiments at 
Clermond-Fe r r a n d; 
338th Regt. at Camp de 
Souge near Bordeaux, 
and 313th Trench Mor- 
tar Battery at Trench 
Artillery School at Vit- 
ry, near Langres. 

Sept. 11 — Division transfer- 
red to 7 th (French) 
Army 40th Army Corps 
for tactical purposes. 
Passes to 7th Army 
Corps (American), 3nd 
Army, for administra- 
tive purposes. 

Sept. 14 — Movement ibegun 
by rail to Hericourt 
(Haut Saone) area. In- 
tensive training contin- 
ued without let-up. Se- 
vere epidemic of Spanish 
Influenza takes more 
than 500 lives. 

Sept. 23— Two officers and 
100 men from each of 4 
Infantry battalions 

move into Center Alsace 
Sector east of Belfort by 
truck at night. 

Oct. 5 — Division proper be- 
gins movement to front 
line in Center Alsace 
Sector. 

Oct. 12 — 88th Division re- 
lieves the 38th French 
Division. 

Oct. 12 — Enemy raiding par- 
ty on 2d Battalion, 350th 
Inf. repulsed amid heavy 
barrage fire. American 
loss 7 fatally wounded, 
about 18 less severely 
wounded, 2 officers, 8 
enlisted men captured; 
3 French wounded. 

Oct. 14^Companies D and 
350th Inf. enter villages 
of Ammertzwiller and 
Englingen respectively, 
in enemy lines. Former 
beats off enemy attack. 
One American captured. 



Oct. 15 — Sector passes under 
complete control of 88th 
Division. 

Oct. 18 — Stchonholz Wood 
salient held by Co. I, 
351st Inf. is object of 
enemy raiding party 
which is beaten off. One 
American killed, one 
wounded. 

Oct. 31 — Enemy attempts 
second assault on same 
salient now held bv Co. 
I, 352d Inf., after a 20- 
minute barrage. Co. M 
Sector adjoining on left 
also shelled. Raid re- 
pulsed, leaving behind 
one dead and one fatal- 
ly wounded. 

Nov. 2 — Division begins to 

withdraw from front to 

Valdoie area, north of 
Belfort. 

Nov. 5 — Division begins en- 
training at Belfort for 
Bernecourt and Pagney- 
sur-Meuse areas, near 
Toul, headquarters at 
Lagney, (Meurthe a t 
Moselle), in corps re- 
serve of the 2d Army. 

Nov. 29 — After policing area 
Division leaves for Gon- 
drecourt (Meuse) area 
for the remainder of the 
stay in France. 

Dec. 23 — 163d Field Artillery 
Brig, sails for home Dec. 
23-Jan. 25. 

Dec. 25 — 57th Field Artillery 
Brig, assigned to Divi- 
sion from 32d Division, 
temporarily. 



1919. 

Feb. 26— Division Horse 
Show at Gondrecourt 
following Regimental 
and Brigade Horse 
Shows. 352d Inf. wins 
first place, 351st, second. 

Mar. 28-29 — Division Motor 
Transport Show near 
Demange. 



Apr. 11 — Orders received tc 
prepare for return tc 
the United States, the 
1st Training Area to be 
policed and restored tc 
its original pre-war con- 
dition. 

Apr. 15 — Division transfer- 
red to 1st American 
Army. 

Apr. 19 — Gen. J. J. Pershing, 
commander-in-chief of 
A. E F., and Secretar> 
of War Baker, review 
Division at Gondrecourl 
and it ceases to exist as 
combat unit. 

Apr. 20 — 88th Division comes 
under direct control oi 
General Headquarters 
A. E. F. 

Apr. 21 — Division Show 
"Who Can Tell" begins 
11-night engagement at 
Gondrecourt. 

Apr. 26 — Enlisted Men's Mil- 
itary Tournament anc 
Field Meet at Gondre- 
court. First place wor 
by 351st Inf.. 349th sec- 
ond, 350th, third. Divi- 
sion transferred to con- 
trol of Service of Supply 
for early return home. 

May 2 — Advance ibilleting 
party entrains at Gon- 
drecourt for new area 
with headquarters at La 
Suze (Sarthe), Americar 
Embarkation Center (Le 
Mans) area. 

Mav 15 — Units begin to en- 
train for St. Nazaire 
port of embarkation. 

Mav 19— Units of 349th Inf 
' first to sail for America 
The Liners Henry R 
Mallory, Aeolus, Rijn- 
dam, Pastores, Mercury 
Canonicus, Pocahontas 
Koeningen der Neder- 
landen and Madawaska 
transport Division 
across the Atlantic, the 
last-named sailing May 
24, all landing at New- 
port News, from where 
the men are scattered to 
the camps nearest their 
homes and discharged. 



Comparisom OfJ/Y/5ION "RECORDS; 
71 MF SPENT IN TRAINING fifVD FIGHTING. 




1 I Organization to arrival In Franc* 
w-:.'\ Arrival In Franca to entering line 
X I Saterlog line t» active tattle servioo 
Service as active combat dlvUlon 



fXOH "KM HITH GttMMir" 




6 I 
88 - 



DIVISION CASUALTY LIST 



7.9?5 



1,002 8751 



1,359 6,800 



23- 



)H 



6,623 



1,396 6,194 



U90 5,106 



4.931 



■B- 
LJ 



Battle Dealhs Wounded 
591 2.119- 



tJ 



-574- 
-308- 
-185- 
-250- 



-2.009- 
-LS16-= 

-1.495- 
— 801- 



-479- 



Olhers ■CZ3 - 



-4.462- 



25,076 
23,345 
18,154 
16,277 
16,005 
15,168 
14,183 
13,884 
11.956 
h.218 
11,081 
9.883 
9.253 
8,813 
8.228 
8.159 
8.010 
7,854 
7.590 
6.763 
6,496 
6.159 
5.923 
2.710 
2,583 
1,824 
1.680 
1.051 
576 
90 
6058 



Total 



48,909 237,135 



286,044 




PART 1 



United States Dragged Into World War 



i. 

When, on June 28, 1914,' the Austrian archduke, Francis 
Ferdinand, heir-apparent to the throne of Austria-Hungary, 
and his wife, Duchess of Hohenberg, were assassinated on the 
streets of Sarajevo, capital of the Austrian province of Bos- 
nia, the matter received only the scantiest notice, if any at all, 
at the hands of a certain 27,000-odd young men busy at their 
various occupations far across the sea in the United States. 
On farms, in stores, banks and offices, in shops and yards, 
they were devoting themselves to their peaceful pursuits in 
the highly prosperous, nonmilitary nation of the New World. 
What went on over in the Balkans was the last thing to give 
them concern. 

Yet those shots on that fatal day also were shots to be 
"heard around the worjd," and ere their echoes ceased, were 
to roll and swell into a chorus, mighty and frightful beyond 
man's conception, engulfing nation after nation, until those 27,- 
000-odd young men over in America, unconcerned no longer, 
were to be snatched from their places along with millions of 
their fellows and sent into a maelstrom of war. Little did 
those young men, soon to be gathered together and called the 
88th Division, United States Army, little did any one think in 
those days that the country over on this side of the Atlantic 
was to be drawn into the holocaust, tardily but tellingly, and 
was to prove the deciding factor in the struggle. 

That was what happened in those momentous years, 1914- 
1918. This is being written 18 months after hostilities ceased, 
but the perspective of time does not lend much in this case 
to a judgment of the actual and contributing causes which was 
not shared by practically the entire world at that time. This 
judgment was put into words by President Wilson when he 
held that the principal factor responsible for the great World 
War was the unholy ambitions of the German emperor, Kaiser 
Wilhelm II, and his imperialistic following. Nothing that has 
been evolved since then has lessened this belief, and that the 
kaiser himself felt the weight of guilt was evident from his 
ignominious flight on the eve of his downfall. 

Events of those fateful weeks immediately preceding the 
outbreak of war provide material for numberless volumes, for 
white books and red books and yellow books, and have no 
proper place here in detail. Suffice it to say that the affair 
of Sarajevo was like a burning match to powder, so strained 
were internal European relations after the recent Balkan wars. 
Matters between Austria and Servia could sustain themselves 
no longer. Briefly, it was Slav versus Teuton for Balkan dom- 
ination, and Austria made much of the assassination as an 
act of excessive hostility on the part of Serbian subjects, 
claiming that it was committed with official connivance. 

Responsibility Is Undoubted 

It will be left to future historians to relate how much 
the German kaiser had to do with urging on the aged Em- 
peror Francis Joseph of Austria-Hungary in spite of the 
warnings of Russia in behalf of her ally, Servia. Concerning 
the responsibility of the kaiser in driving Austria into the 
Serbian war, there is no longer good reason to doubt. The 
decoded cipher messages of the Austrian ambassador at Ber- 
lin, the minutes of the historic meeting of the Austrian cab- 
inet, the confessions of Berchtold, the papers in the German 
archives brought to light by Kautsky, all prove that the kaiser 
exercised to the maximum his personal initiative in forcing 
that war as an excuse to launch the great military scheme he 
had evolved for "Der Tag" — the day to which Germans drank 
their toasts. On July 23 Austria served an ultimatum (or 
demarche) on Servia. It was sent at 6 P. M. and a reply was 
demanded by 6 P. M. July 25. Servia granted every demand, 
making only certain slight reservations. 

On July 26 Germany warned the powers not to interfere 
in Austria's discipline of Servia. Sir Edward Grey, British 
foreign secretary, proposed on the same day that a meeting 



of representatives of the powers be held in London to try and 
avoid the war that seemed to be so inevitably rushing on. 
Germany and Austria refused, however, and on the 28th Aus- 
tria declared war on Servia. Belgrade was bombarded on the 
29th and Russia began a partial mobilization. Germany be- 
gan to prepare for mobilization without a public order. 

Then on July 30 Germany demanded of Russia that mob- 
ilization cease, the following day issuing an imperial decree of 
a state of war in the German Empire. On the first day of 
August, Germany declared war on Russia — and the fate of 
7,500,000 soldiers of many nations was sealed, millions of non- 
combatant lives were lost, and untold suffering ensued the like 
of which the world had never before witnessed. 

France mobilized and on August 2 German troops entered 
the duchy of Luxemburg, also on that date violating the fron- 
tier of France without a declaration of war, and appearing 
before Liege, Belgium. Safe passage was demanded for them 
through Belgium and refused. On the 3d France and Ger- 
many declared war and hordes of green-grey German troops 
invaded Belgium, which then appealed for aid to Great Britain 
as one of the guarantors of Belgian neutrality. 

On August 4 Great Britain did what the kaiser did not 
look for; it answered the appeal of Belgium and declared 
war on Germany. 

From then on events came thick and fast, a world looking 
on aghast. The line-up was supposed to be the Triple Entente 
(England, France and Russia) on one side and the Triple Al- 
liance (Germany,. Austria-Hungary and Italy) on the other, 
but Italy refused to become a party to the War Lord's schemes 
and notified him of its neutrality July 31. 

Thus the great struggle was launched and the United 
States announced its neutral attitude. There were many men 
in high places here who felt that we should at least have pro- 
tested against the violation of Belgian neutrality but on the 
whole the squabbles of European nations were not a matter 
of great interest to the American public, nor well understood. 
There were in this country three great influences strongly 
opposed to any action unfavorable to Germany: first a numer- 
ous Teutonic element, largely foreign-born ; second, an Irish 
element coupled with other anti-British spirits, and third, a 
portion of the population which had inherited from its Euro- 
pean origin a deep fear of and hatred for Russia. These three 
were pro-German from the start. Another but lesser influence 
was the "I. W. W.," Socialists and similar malcontent*. 

Germans Violated Decency 

America's entry into the war on the side of the Allies 
might have remained an uncertain matter had not Germany's 
methods of warfare violated every sense of humanity and 
decency marking civilized races. At first the American people 
looked on with apathy, holding firm to the tradition of not 
becoming internationally entangled, but the "war of frightful- 
ness" adopted by the "Huns" could not long be ignored. The 
act which can be said to have turned the scale of American 
opinion definitely against Germany was the sinking of the 
great passenger liner Lusitania by a German submarine with- 
out warning off the Irish coast on May 7, 1915. Nearly 1,200 
men, women and children were drowned, and among them 
were more than 100 American citizens. A wave of horror 
swept over the world, and this was increased by an accom- 
panying wave of exultation and delight that swept over Ger- 
many. Execution of the British nurse, Edith Cavell, also told 
heavily against Germany. 

Meanwhile the United States government was constantly 
annoyed by the secret activities of German agents within its 
borders. It was established that the German imperial agents 
here were implicated and on May 12, 1915, the notorious Dr. 
Dernburg was "sent home" under a British safe conduct. On 
May 13 President Wilson sent a note of protest to Germany 



:'. 



Memoirs of FkaNCE 



on the Lusitania incident, and from that time on for the next 
two years the American president was almost constantly en- 
gaged in dispatching notes of protest and warning to the 
German emperor. Although these notes grew firmer and firm- 
er, it can be safely asserted that he never out-distanced the 
growing disgust for Germany's acts among his people. It 
can be asserted with equal certainty that similar language at 
the beginning of the war would not have represented the solid 
concensus behind him, but that by the time he stepped before 
Congress and announced that it was to be War, he had the 
backing of a unified American national sentiment, . that cried 
out for the privilege of taking a hand and ridding the world 
of the menace of diabolical evil which it faced. 

That was April 6, 1917, two years and eight months after 
the beginning of the war. A year later, Gavrio Prinzip, Ser- 
bian, died in an Austrian fortress. May 1, 1918. He was charg- 
ed with the assassination of Francis Ferdinand, the act that 
opened the World's great tragedy. 

II. 

Raising of Army Begun 

At the time of its entering into the war the United States 
boasted of organized land forces scarcely more formidable 
than the "contemptible little army" with which England sought 
to assist in the stemming of the German flood at the beginning 
of the war. According to newspaper almanacs we had a reg- 
ular army of 90,000 officers and men of the 100,000 authorized 
by law as a standing army, and scattered throughout the island 
possessions, canal zone, Alaska and main continent. 

The strength of the organized State militia in the federal 
service Sept. 30, 1916, was 143,000, at that time mainly on the 
Mexican border. This gave us a total strength of less than 
250,000 men, none of them trained or equipped according to 
the vastly changed methods evolved in the European struggle. 

The problem at once presented itself how to go about the 
raising of an army that would compare favorably with the 
millions possessed by the belligerents and to provide the new 
forms of munitions. In the matter of the latter, we were 
aided by the fact that many of our private industries were en- 
gaged in turning out enormous quantities of modern arms for 
Allied nations, but we had no laws or plans providing ma- 
chinery for raising a large army except by the volunteer 
method. 

Such was the determination of the American public, how- 
ever, that the seemingly impossible task of organization and 
construction was disposed of in a manner which became at 
once the marvel of the world. A draft law was passed by 
Congress and accepted by the public without a murmur, and 
on June S, 1917, nearly 10,000,000 young men registered for 
the proposed army. 

But this was only part of the tremendous problem. Before 
the army could be organized there must be officers to man it 
and before the army could be gathered together there must be 
camps and buildings to house it. Reserve officers' training 
camps were accordingly opened May IS at 13 points and con- 
struction was begun on 16 large cantonments. Thus, 30.000 
officers were produced after a three-month course, ready to 
report at the nearest cantonments by the time the buildings 
were ready to take charge of the drafted men as soon as they 
could be called into the service. 

One of the cantonments established was at Camp Dodge, 
Iowa, about 11 miles northwest of Des Moines, the state cap- 
ital, on a single-track electric line. The new army of drafted 
men was to be called the National Army, which together with 
divisions of the National Guard and regular army, was to form 
the American Expeditionary Forces abroad. In the plans for 
this army the numbers from 1 to 25 were allotted to divisions 
of regular army troops ; 26 to 75 to the National Guard and 
from 76 up to the National Army. Camp Dodge was to receive 
a division of National Army troops, designated as the 88th. 
Besides cheerfully accepting the Draft law the American pub- 
lic during the war submitted to government control of rail- 
roads, food and fuel, oversubscribed one "Liberty Loan" after 
another, and purchased "War Savings Stamps" by the billion. 

The period of nearly one year during which the 88th was 
kept at Camp Dodge will remain in the memory of its perma- 
nent personnel as one of the most trying of the entire expe- 
rience. It was the universal desire to get to Europe as speed- 



ily as possible, instead of which a skeleton organization, mainly 
of officers and noncommissioned officers, was forced to re- 
main on the bleak, wind-swept and sun-baked prairie drilling 
thousands of civilian soldiers, only to lose them to other divi- 
sions and see them sent abroad. 

It was a heart-breaking experience, that more than once 
sapped officers and N. C. O.'s of their enthusiasm and spirit. 
Unquestionably, training suffered much from this practice. 
At such times as the 88th was recruited to near full strength 
and the new men taking shape as well-drilled soldiers, there 
was not an officer of any rank who did not succumb to a 
feeling of discouragement and disappointment when orders 
came to deplete the ranks again for the benefit of outfits sched- 
uled for early departure for France. The last men of the 
first draft did not report at Camp Dodge until February, 1918, 
and altogether about 40,000 men received their early training 
there, only to be transferred elsewhere. 

Contingents of drafted men arrived usually in delega- 
tions from their home assembly points, sometimes with flags 
and banners, and even accompanied by G. A. R. drum corps, 
bands or other enthusiastic committees. They got off the 
lnterurban line at Camp Dodge Station at 5th St., afterward 
known as the "Arsenal" Station, and were marched in what- 
ever formation could be held, to the Receiving Office at the 
corner of Main Ave. Some of the delegations were in charge 
of men with considerable military experience and these had 
drilled their men into marching by squads, and given them 
quite a start in the rudiments of their new profession. 

After being registered and answering all the questions, 
the next move was to get quarters and accommodations. 
Sometimes it was necessary for the recruits to fall in and 
march to the buildings where folding iron beds were issued, 
but often the beds were already in place. All that remained 
was for the arrivals to fall in and march away for bedsacks, 
then march away to the straw pile. Those were the days 
when homesickness gripped hard, and it grew worse before 
the new men became acclimated. 

Thus with the actual formation of the 88th Div., those 
officers assigned to it gave up the hopes they formerly cher- 
ished of being among the "First Hundred Thousand," to 
go "across," that they had talked about at the Ft. Snelling 
training camp. Large numbers of officers were detached, 
however, and sent to other stations and these had their hopes 
fulfilled of getting over early. Out of those companies of 
"rookie officers" at the first camp many went over never to 
return. 

Questions Are Aroused 

The hasty raising of a large army and its even more hasty 
training by intensive, short-cut methods awoke the question, 
"Will our boys, reared in a nonmilitary atmosphere and more 
or less pampered by an easy, comfortable life, respond to'the 
harsh demands of the army? What kind of soldiers will they 
make?" 

There existed not only abroad but at home a certain sus- 
picion that the American youth was a sort of "mamma's boy," 
and this suspicion was strengthened much by a song which 
had considerable vogue early in the war, "I Did Not Raise 
My Boy to be a Soldier." 

But if any misgivings were harbored as to the qualities 
of the American young men to face hardship and devote 
themselves to a duty no matter how disagreeable, they were 
to be dispelled at once and completely with the enrollment of 
the first men as soldiers. The most optimistic hopes, the 
stanchest supporters of American stamina were shown to be 
justified and far surpassed. It was one of the astonishing 
features of the efforts to build the army that the men from 
the farms, towns and cities, most of whom had scarcely seen 
a soldier or handled a gun in his life, mastered his "School 
of the Soldier," and "School of the Squad" as though born 
to the life, and they were turned into snappy, well-set-up sol- 
diers almost over night. There were no longer any fears 
after the first few days about raising an effective army in the 
United States, and in quicker time than such a thing had ever 
been attempted before. 

But it was not now a matter of training men in a few 
simple branches such as covered by the experiences of Amer- 
ican arms in former wars. Besides the old methods of fight- 
ing, the modern tricks had to be learned. The old-time, fancy, 
thrust-and-parry bayonet drill for instance went in the dis- 



And the 88th Division 



card, and in its place came a vicious, vigorous, savage, cut- 
and-jab method developed by the British with great success. 
Every man also had to take thorough gas defense training, 
and grenade throwing, rifle grenade, automatic rifle, hand 
bomb, a new extended order, sniping, trench fighting, trench 
digging, liaison, and other ideas in warfare were in the course 
of study. 

To assist in introducing the latest forms of fighting, 
France and England sent missions to this country for duty at 
the various training camps. Among the officers who will be 
remembered as having been members of these missions at 
different times were Majors McHardy and Simpson and Cap- 
tains Ross, Cross, Revels, Blackwell and Parnell, all British, 
and Majors Cheffaud and Hanaut, Captains Pouchot, Delport, 
Armand and Percevault, and Lieutenant Giraud, French. 
The organizations which made up the division were : 
Division Headquarters ; Headquarters Troops ; 337th 
Machine Gun Battalion. 

175th Infantry Brigade : 349th and 350th Regiments ; 
338th Machine Gun Battalion. 

176th Infantry Brigade: 351st and 352d Regiments; 
339th Machine Gun Battalion. 

163d Field Artillery Brigade ; 337th, 338th and 339th* 
Regiments; 313th Trench Mortar Battery. 
313th Engineer Regiment. 

313th Train Headquarters and Military Police. 
313th Ammunition Train. 
313th Field Signal Battalion. 
313th Supply Train. 
313th Sanitary Train. 
The 163d Depot Brigade also was organized at Camp 
Dodge, and the southern end of the camp was occupied by the 
366th Regiment of colored infantry of the 92d Division. 

Stiff and Gruelling Program 

It was a stiff and gruelling program that met the new 
drafted men, but work was graduated in such a manner as to 
develop the men by degrees, yet with speed. Each unit was 
assigned drill fields on the terrain surrounding the barracks, 
and each had its own bayonet course and parade. The ar- 
tillery occupied the north end of camp adjacent to the Base 
Hospital (as far as the area of the 42d Regular Infantry 
which later arrived at Camp Dodge). 

Rifle and machine gun ranges were located over the hill 
east of the camp, though range work did not begin for some 
time. Krag-Jorgenson rifles were issued at first. 

The United States had on hand 600,000 Springfield rifles, 
model of 1903. This rifle has been claimed by experts to be 
the best infantry rifle in use in any army. Seeing the impos- 
sibility of manufacturing Springfields fast enough to place 
them in the hands of 4,000,000 men which the army program 
eventually took into account, it was decided to manufacture 
an entirely new rifle. At that time there were several large 
plants just completing large orders for the Enfield rifle, model 
1917, for the British government. The new American rifle— 
the model 1917 — was accordingly designed sufficiently like the 
Enfield so that plants equipped to make the Enfield could turn 
their equipment to making the new American rifle, chambered 
to use Springfield ammunition. 

Meanwhile the available Springfields were used to equip 
the regular army and National Guard divisions first to go to 
France. In fact, half the ammunition, round for round, used 
against the enemy by United States troops during the war 
was shot from Springfield rifles. A reserve stock of 200,000 
Krags was taken from storage for training purposes in the 
camps and 10,000 of these came to Camp Dodge. 

The manufacture of Springfields was continued while 
large scale production of the Enfields went on. Beginning 
with the 600,000 on hand in April, 1917, the total of Spring- 
fields had risen to 900,000 at the end of the war. Production 
of the Enfields started in August, 1917, and totalled at the 
armistice nearly 2,300,000. The first Enfields arrived at Camp 
Dodge during the winter 1917-18. 

A ''model battalion'' was organized for the purpose of 
demonstrating modern warfare, and an elaborate system of 
trenches were dug on the heights near the water tower east of 
the camp. American companies formerly were composed of 
150 men at war strength, but among the changes made in the 
present war was the raising of this number to 250 to conform 



with the companies of the Allies. Construction at Camp 
Dodge had begun under plans for 150-man buildings, by the 
way, hence it was necessary to put one organization in more 
than one building, and parts of more than one organization in 
a building frequently. 

Hard as was the drill routine of each day for the soldiers, 
with emphasis from the beginning on physical development, it 
was not permitted to become monotonous. Play was injected 
into' the program at stated periods to give the men well-di- 
rected exercise and recreation. 

Never before, it is safe to say, had an army been raised 
and trained with such attention to the soldiers' moral, physical 
and mental welfare. Contributing to this end were the Young 
Men's Christian Association, with many "huts," the Knights 
of Columbus, also with frequent buildings, the Hostess House 
of the Young Women's Christian Association, the Jewish Wel- 
fare Board, Lutheran Brotherhood, American Library Board 
and American Red Cross. A theater also was erected at the 
camp "Civic Center." 

Boxing came into great vogue, and "Mike" Gibbons, a 
prominent professional of St. Paul, Minn., was engaged as the 
Division Boxing Instructor. 

Camp Strength Depleted 

As Christmas, 1917, drew near the camp strength was 
considerably depleted, and a deep hope was entertained that all 
would be permitted to go home for a holiday visit. At first 
it was given out that no one would be given a holiday leave, 
but later this was altered to provide that those might go who 
could show that there was sickness, death, or other highly 
urgent reason for going home. 

Soon there began pouring into camp a stream of telegrams 
announcing illness and all sorts of dire emergencies among 
the folks at home, on the strength of which some "buddy" 
was expected to be able to get a leave. One young man from 
Dubuque presented himself before his captain, whose company 
was threatened with being well-nigh wiped out by the pleas 
from home, and, handing over a telegram, said: 

"Sir, nearly every man in Dubuque is dead except my 
father, and he's sick." 

He got his leave. Officers engaged automobiles for long 
journeys in order not to use the railroads to go outside the 
state, as one of the reasons for curtailing leaves was the ne- 
cessity of keeping down rail travel. 

General Plummer was relieved of command of the Divi- 
sion after a trip to France because of physical unfitness for 
foreign service, and Brig. Gen. R. N. Getty, commanding the 
175th Brig., succeeded him. General Getty in turn was re- 
lieved and Brig. Gen. W. D. Beach, commanding the 176th 
Brig., took charge of the Division until it reached France. 
Brig. Gen., M. B. Stewart became commander of the 175th 
Brig. Commanders to take their organizations overseas were : 
349th Inf., Col. Girard Sturtevant; 350th Inf., Col. Harrison 
J. Price (afterward brigadier general in 77th Div.) ; 351st 
Inf., Col. H. B. Crosby; 3S2d Inf., Col. C. E. Hawkins; 163d 
F. A. Brig., Brig. Gen. S. M. Foote (deceased) ; 337th F. 
A, Col. George R. Greene ; 338th F. A., Col. Ned B. Rehkopf ; 
339th F. A., Col. S. C. Vestal; 313th Eng., Col. R. P. Howell: 
313th Trains and M. P., Col. J. P. Harbeson ; 313th F. S. 
Bn.. Col. F. W. Ainsworth ; 313th San. Train, Lt. Col. W. R. 
C. Neumarker ; 313th Amm. Train, Lt. Col. E. S. Olmstead ; 
313th Supply Train, Major W. J. O'Connell; 337th M. G. 
Bn., Major R. F. Seymour; 338th M. G. Bn., Major C. H. 
Karstad; 339th M. G. Bn., Major L. B. Elliott. 

Other units to serve with the 88th Div. in France were 
the 313th Mobile Ordnance Repair Shop, Clothing l5nit No. 
308, Mobile Laundry Unit No. 329, Service Park Units No. 
367 and 311. 

Toward summer, 1918, as the Division began to fill up 
again, training increased in intensity, and from other indica- 
tions hope sprang up anew in oft-disappointed breasts that at 
last the 88th was to get away from Camp Dodge and be en- 
trusted with real action. 

An incident which, while it had no connection with the 
Division or the war, served to impress on the men the inexora- 
ble laws of the military, occurred July 5. At 9 A. M. on that 
day more than 15,000 troops were drawn up in a large hollow 
square on the drill field of the 366th Inf. to witness the hang- 
ing of three negro soldiers. It was a dull, gray morning, and 



10 



Memoirs of France 



with great gallows in the center, it was a tense and tragic 
scene as the shouting culprits stood out against the sky and 
then dropped to their death. Nothing could have taught the 
men more effectively the certainty and speed of army law. 
Following a crime against a white girl, the arrests and con- 
viction had come with remarkable expedition and with no 
doubts entertained that justice had overtaken the right men. 

Most Strenous Period 

As July advanced work was carried on from early morn- 
ing until dark at night, undoubtedly the most strenuous period 
ever put in by any of the members before. The men gained 
confidence and the eagerness to get abroad increased. War 
risk insurance had been taken out by nearly every officer and 
man, the psychologic and physical tests passed, and all were 
ready. 

At last the long-awaited order came from Washington for 
overseas service. Naturally among so large a number of 
young men there must have been mixed emotions on the pros- 
pect going to a war which held such horrors unknown to 
American experience. There were one or two suicides or at- 
tempts at suicide on the part of overwrought natures. 

An advance party consisting of the billeting, debarking 
and entraining officers and orderlies, and a school detachment 
bound for Chatillon-sur-Seine, made up the first train of Pull- 
mans that left Camp Dodge about 9 P. M., July 25, 1918, for 
the Port of Embarkation at Hoboken, N. J. The route was 
the same as that followed by most of the Division — the North- 
western Railroad to Chicago, then the Nickle Plate to Buffalo, 
and the Lackawanna to Hoboken.* 

On this trip the men received their first impressions of the 
nation's interest in them as fighters. Possibly from long as- 
sociation, Des Moines had not been a demonstrative city, but 
the soldiers were now to feel the warmth and enthusiasm of 
the patriotic American heart, and the farther east they pro- 
ceeded the more marked became the demonstrations. Chicago 
gave them impromptu innovations as the cars switched through 
the Ghetto and other poorer sections of the city, and the little 
towns along the way out in the country showered attentions. 

It was during this journey that the work of the Red Cross 
first came to receive the real appreciation of the soldiers. Lo- 
cal chapters always kept informed hours ahead of approach- 
ing troop trains and were ready with coffee, cookies, cigar- 
ettes, milk or other comforts. Among the towns that catered 
to almost ev.ery 88th Div. train were Clinton, Iowa, Cleveland, 
Elmira, N. Y., and Scranton, Pa. 

The advance party was taken by ferry to Brooklyn and 
on the Long Island Railroad to Camp Upton, at Yaphank. 
The school detachment was the first to get away and sailed 
Aug. 3, being fortunate enough to be placed on board the 
giant Leviathan, formerly the German Vaterland. The ad- 
vance detachment was equally fortunate, except in not sailing 
until Aug. 5, by securing space aboard the Aquitania. These 
were fast vessels and zig-zagged across the Atlantic in seven 
days unattended by protective warships, the former landing 
at LeHavre and the latter at Liverpool. 

The Salvation Army and Red Cross on the American side 
had a system of sending postal cards or telegrams to the 
men's home folks when the cable should announce the safe 
arrival of the ships "at a foreign port." The point of landing 
never was mentioned. Arrangements for this service would 
be made in advance at the gang plank and was free of charge. 

The advance detachment put in the program experienced 
by most of the Division: two nights at Knotty Ash "Rest 
Camp" in Liverpool, a beautiful daylight run across England 
to Southampton, one night's stay there at a "rest camp," then 
a swift dart in an overcrowded boat across the English chan- 
nel under cover of darkness to Cherbourg, France, and an- 
other "rest camp." Then came the introduction to cooties and 
the "40 Hommes, 8 Chevaux" form of travel. 

If the reception given the troops at home had been warm, 
it was even more so in England. All along the railroad the 
Stars and Stripes hung from windows and poles-, and house- 
wives paused from their work to go to the doors and wave at 
the passing Americans. "Goodby-ee" and "Cheery-o" were the 
common greeting, with "Good old Yanks" and "Hurrah for 
Sammy!" interspersed. The smaller children, however, had 
early discovered the doughboys' open-handedness and begged 
(•The name of those composing the Advance Detachment are 
given on page 11 and a complete list of the School Detachment 
in the Appendix). 



for pennies. A printed greeting from King George was given 
every American soldier who passed through. 

The voyage across the Atlantic was accomplished with 
varied experiences, but with the same routine of duties — boat 
drill, guard, K. P., etc. No mishaps marred the passage 
through the submarine-infested waters. The slower ships 
made the trip in convoys accompanied by strong war fleets. 
There were submarine scares that proved groundless, but some 
that were legitimate. 

To avoid the possibility that someone might show a light 
from cigarette or match after dark, no one was permitted out- 
side after a certain hour in the evening, and all had to wear 
lifebelts constantly during the day, and on some ships even at 
night. In the more dangerous waters the officers also had to 
wear the pistols issued to them just before sailing. It was at 
this time also that the men received their new style "overseas" 
caps and spiral leggings. The officers also had to provide 
themselves with the Sam Browne belt and put it on before 
debarkation. 

It would be well to recall the stage of the war's progress 
at the time the 88th Div. was being hurried to a place in line. 

Ludendorff Begins Drive 

It was on March 21, 1918, that Ludendorff began the great 
drive, or rather series of drives, that was for a second time (the 
first time being in 1914) to threaten Paris. The Allies knew 
that a stroke was impending, but they knew not exactly where. 
A British Army received the first impact and gave in. For 
four months thereafter it was almost one tremendous and 
successful blow after another and it seemed impossible for 
the Allied arms to stem the fierce onslaught. Nearly to Amiens 
went the new German lines on the right center, and on May 
27, while the Allies were anxiously watching the Amiens sector, 
Ludendorff suddenly drove with terrible force between Sois- 
sons and Rheims and in three hours had taken the Chemin des 
Dames which the French had re-won the year before after a 
struggle as bitter and bloody as Verdun in 1916. The worn 
French and British troops could not hold and by the fourth day 
the Germans had taken Soissons and reached the Marne near 
Chateau Thierry. 

Those were proud days for the kaiser. Russia was out 
of the war, peace had just been signed by Roumania with the 
four Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria 
and Turkey, and the Balkans were quieted. The advances the 
last of May were the fastest ever scored by any army on any 
front in the war. 

Gathering then for a renewed onslaught, the fifth great 
storm was let loose July 15 on a 50-mile front from Vaux to 
the Champagne, and the Marne was crossed at Dormans, but 
that was the finish. They met a wall of French-American 
troops, and on the 18th these advanced instead, and the Ger- 
mans retreated across the river the next day. 

Eighty-five thousand Americans fought in the Chateau 
Thierry vicinity (men from the 2d, 3d, 26th, 28th and 42d 
Divisions) and not only stopped the Hun advance on Paris 
but hurled them back, and the rest of the war was a series of 
German reverses until the end. 

American troops had displayed their mettle at Cantigny in 
June, also, where for the first time they undertook an opera- 
tion alone and proved that the triumphant German armies had 
been overrated. War dispatches were full of glowing ac- 
counts of what our men were doing and the 88th chafed at 
the delay in getting into the fray. There was yet no intima- 
tion that the end was so near, however, and no one dared 
predict less than another year of bloody fighting. 

The successes of the German arms had been so signal, 
however, that their ardor was not dampened by the July re- 
verses, nor did the Allies entertain hopes of easy conquest. 
Their cry had gone out for "Men, and more men!" to Amer- 
ica, and they were being rushed across the Atlantic in numbers 
which had been believed impossible by any military man be- 
fore. It was a confident and jubilant foe that awaited the 
arrival of the 88th Div. as it set sail on the Steamships Olym- 
pic, Delta, Ascanius, Phens, Kashmir, Messanabic, Ulysses, 
City of Exeter, Saxon, Scotia, Vedic, Demosthenes (from 
Quebec with Division Headquarters), Bohemia and Empress 
of Britain, carrying the infantry. The ships which transported 
the artillery are given in the Division chronology. 

This was the parting of the ways for the infantry and ar- 
tillery branches of the 88th. The artillery went to training 



And the 88th Division 



11 



grounds and never rejoined the Division after reaching 
France, but, it was understood, was to have appeared soon in 
the 2d Army area before Metz where the infantry was operat- 
ing had not the armistice intervened. The story of the artil- 
lery is continued in later chapters. 

III. 

The Arrival at Semur 

It was a bright, sultry day, Aug. 20, 1918 — one of those 
days seldom seen by any member of the 88th Div., that jus- 
tifies the term "Sunny France." It was noon, and the pic- 
turesque town of Semur in Cote d'Or Department lay asleep, 
with shops closed, as every one partook of dejeuner from 12 
to 2 P. M., or from 12 to 14 o'clock, as it would be put there. 
Not even a dog was in sight. (And that, it will be recalled, 
is saying something.) 

An automobile dashed into the Place de l'Ancien Come- 
die. Three American officers jumped out and were greeted 
by two French officers who emerged from a building. The 
parties disappeared inside at the invitation of the Frenchmen 
to join their noon mess, and all was dead quiet again, except 
for a French orderly who went shuffling across the square 
in the direction of the "Marie," or City Hall. 

Suddenly, just as the officers were concluding their repast, 
there arose a commotion. An important-looking man in blue- 
and-gold cap appeared in the square with a drum and began 
to violate the silence with the crash of the long roll, ending 
with a flourish. Dogs barked and ran about; people threw 
open their shutters to see and listen as the 'drummer, com- 
pleting his alarum, began to read. Small boys (they are as 
inevitable there as here) gathered about, and there was a cry 
and to-do. 

"Les Americains ! Les Americains !*' 

The long-awaited Americans, the wonderful Americans 
of whom they had heard so much, were coming at last ! 

In an incredibly short time flags draped becomingly from 
windows (they "drape becomingly" in France, be it buildings 
or mademoiselles) and the padre, who was also the editor, 
nailed up a sign over his sanctum, "Welcome." He was the 
only native who knew English and with the help of some ar- 
tists from Paris, refugees from the "Big Bertha" and Gotha 
attacks, had spelled out the sign. Within an hour a stream 
of people in their Sunday best were wending the Avenue de 
la Gare to meet the 14:10 train when it should come laboring 
up the grade from Les Laumes at IS o'clock. 

A few minutes after 3 a parade might have been seen mak- 
ing its way back from the station. At its head marched Brig. 
Gen. W. D. Beach. The others with him ivere Lt. Col. J. 
DeCamp Hall, 350th Inf., Capt. E. J. D. Larson, Minneapolis, 
Div. Hq., which two were in the automobile that had arrived 
with the news in advance; Majors (Lt. Col.) Frank Fields, 
Q. M. C, Hans Hanson, M. C, Logan, la, T. B. Maghee, U. 
S. A., and Alexander Wilson, 3S2d Inf., Farmington, Mo. ; 
Captains H. G. Carpenter, 351st Inf., Fargo, N. D., Floyd An- 
drews, 352d Inf., Minneapolis, Donald Hunter, 350th Inf., and 
John Pirie, 349th Inf., Minneapolis, Lieutenants Harold Kraft, 
349th Inf., Ben H. Johnson, 351st Inf., Russel Bennet, 163d 
F. A. Brig., Miller Davis/ Terre Haute, Ind., Morton Hiller, 
Omaha, Neb., Div. Hq., W. D. Darrow, Cresco, la., Div. Hq, 
S. H. Moise, Cambridge, Mass., Div. Hq.. L. R. Fairall, Des 
Moines, la., 350th Inf., R. S. Decker, Indianapolis, Ind., Div. 
Hq., M. H. Latendresse, Red Lake Falls, Minn., Div. Hq., 
E. D. Flynn, Union, S. C, Div. Hq., M. H. Miller, Ottumwa, 
la., Div. Hq., W. I. Carpenter, Minneapolis, Div. Hq., and 
R. S. Hoyt, New Sharon, la., 176th Inf. Brig; Bn. Sgt. Maj. 
John W. Sundberg, Brainerd, Minn., Hq. Detch. ; Corp. Ar- 
thur Ruedi, St. Louis, Mo., Hq. Detch. ; Sgt. Paul Syrus, El 
Paso, Tex., Hq. Tp., and Privates Clyde D. Shipley, Chicago, 
111., Hq. Tp. ; E. C. Kisky, Des Moines, la., Hq. Tp. ; Archie 
Emerson, Fancy Farm, Ky., Hq. Co., 352d Inf.; William E. 
Sperry, Earl, N. D., Hq. Co., 350th Inf.; Harry E. Veith, 
Oakland, la'., Co. B., 349th Inf. ; Raymond H. Cardon, Logan, 
Utah, Hq. Co., 351st Inf.; Otho Peterson, Hq. Detch., 163 
Inf. Brig.; Harley K. Turner, Loraine, 111., Hq. Co., 350th 
Inf. ; Joseph Murray, Hq. Co., 352d Inf. ; Fillmore T. Nelson, 
Cokato, Minn., Hq. Co., 349th Inf. ; Ernest S. McFetridge, 
Hq. Co., 338th F. A. ; Adrian E. Pouliot, Damar, Kans., Hq. 



Co., 351st Inf. ; Harold A. Campbell, St. Cloud, Minn., Hq. 
Co., 352d Inf. ; Elmer L. Moore, Gilman, la., Hq. Co., 350th 
Inf. ; George Goldman, St. Paul, Minn., Hq. Co., 349th Inf. ; 
Melvin G. Settles, Rushville, 111., Hq. Co., 349th Inf.; Frank 
McGuire, Hq. Co., 337th F. A. ; Milton G. Dubois, Sioux 
Rapids, la., Co. C. 351st Inf.; Veit Brownfield, Pilot Grove, 
Mo., Co. H, 351st Inf.; Clinton Barnhouse, Hq. Co., 351st 
Inf.; Dalton H. Gnagey, Hq. Co., 350th Inf.; Oscar W. Shin- 
dal, Merrill, la., Hq. Co., 352d Inf., Sam P. Hunt, Miltonvale, 
Kans., Hq. Co., 352d Inf. ; and Arnold K. Malhum, Dawson, 
Minn., Hq. Det., 176th Inf. Brig. 

The 88th Div. had arrived at its first headquarters in 
France at last ! 

Semur is located in a charming country on a branch road 
running from Les Laumes on the main line from Paris to 
Marseilles, a section full of historic interest since the days of 
Caesar. This section had not yet been occupied by troops and 
presented no signs of war, except hospitals where French 
"poilus" lounged, many of them pitifully maimed. 

Under the French law the public is obliged to take in sol- 
diers in their buildings to the extent of their capacity, and 
the nation is divided into "billeting zones" in charge of zone 
majors. Not all of France was "organized" to hold troops, 
but areas were added as needed. To organize an area, the 
zone major or his staff would visit each village (practically 
all the houses are in groups of villages), estimate the number 
of horses and men each home can accommodate, and the num- 
ber of rooms with beds where officers can be billeted. The 
figures are then stencilled in paint on the front door post. A 
number also is given the house and stencilled on, then a street 
map is made noting each building, and a list giving the bil- 
leting locations and capacity, called a "dozier." A copy of the 
dozier is kept by the town mayor, so that when troops show 
up to be billeted, they can go direct to the mayor (if there is 
not a "town major" as assistant to the zone major) and get 
the list of billets. 

The Semur area was net quite ready when the 88th Div. 
began to arrive, but the' people were so glad to get troops 
there, especially Americans, whose prowess at Belleau Wood, 
Chateau Thierry and Cantigny had filled them with love and 
admiration, but there was no trouble whatever. The welcome 
given the men was touching, in many cases the villagers meet- 
ing the marchers with pails of wine as they approached, and 
champagne was opened to show their appreciation. 

This experience for the boys fresh from narrow scenes at 
home was wonderful, but the experience with wine was not 
always pleasant. As a rule they did not like the taste of it, 
but they also feared to give offense to the kindly people by 
refusing. It was quite 'unthinkable to the peasant folk that 
there should be a race of people who did not drink wine. 
With them wine was the universal drink in place of water and 
had been for centuries, and it was the only thing they had in 
their plain, stone houses to offer as a good-will offering. More 
than one doughboy marched unsteadily into his first French 
billet because of this excessive hospitality, and the French soon 
learned that "the Americans can't drink." 

Becomes "A. P. O. No. 795" 

The Division was here assigned its postoffice and became 
A. P. O. 795, and came into contact with the strict censorship 
rules. It was against regulations to give the names of towns 
in letters, and the A. P. O. number sufficed in addressing let- 
ters to the soldiers. Soldiers could mail letters free by sim- 
ply writing "Soldier's letter" in the upper right hand corner, 
but before sealing he had to take it to an officer to be read. 
The officer would put his O. K. and signature at the bottom 
of the letter and on the outside .of the envelope. Only mail 
thus censored and marked could go through the postoffice. 

This censorship of American letters continued until July 
1, 1919, and all mail whether O. K.'d or not was subject to 
being opened en route. The agents of the enemy were every- 
where, saturating both armies and civil populations, and con- 
stant vigilance was necessary to prevent information from 
getting through. 

Other innovations coming into force with the arrival in 
France was the adoption of the designations "G-l,'' "G-2," 
etc., for the assistant chiefs of staff at Division Headquarters, 
after the system in the British army. Khaki uniforms and 
campaign hats were not taken along to France. 



12 



Memoirs of France 



Army pay now increased 10 per cent for foreign service. 
The private soldier now received $33 a month. In an earlier 
period a private's home pay was $15 per month but legislation 
doubled the rate. French money exchange at first was 6.45 
francs to the dollar (normal slightly less than five francs) 
and the soldiers were paid in francs. Before the Division 
went home the rate was to approximate seven francs. 

Commissioned officers had the opportunity here of getting 
accustomed to the new "harness," the Sam Browne belt, and 
while some liked the innovation many found it an incum- 
brance, a nuisance and useless millinery. This was the second 
change in the American officers' uniform, the first being that 
of gold shoulder bars to distinguish second lieutenants. 
Sweeping changes in the whole American uniform were due 
when hostilities ceased. 

Training Is Resumed 

During the next three weeks the various units of the in- 
fantry caught up with the others, except the 313th Ammuni- 
tion Train, which did not join the Division until it reached 
the front. Intensive training was at once resumed where it 
had been left off, continuing until the Division started to 
move to Alsace Sept. 14. The orders were to go to Bel fort 
and Major (Col.) C. L. Eastman and Lt. E. D. Flynn were 
sent ahead, each speaking French with facility. 

Before leaving for the more advanced zone the Division 
had to be stripped of every surplus impediment. Officers were 
ordered to cut baggage down to bedroll and hand baggage. 
Trunk lockers were collected at the railhead, Merigny, and left 
under guard. Later they were sent to the great American 
warehouses at Gievres, where they were to be obtained after 
the close of hostilities. Many instances of lost or stolen bag- 
gage arose, and it was found that thefts were carried on 
systematically. 

The first train of troops left Les Laumes Sept. 14, an- 
other following every six hours. It expected to go to Belfort, 
but in the night the two advance officers intercepted the train 
at Besancon with changed orders. The Division was to go to 
Hericourt (Haute Saone), which adjoins Belfort on the 
south. 

Hericourt was reached at 5 A. M., Sunday. The cold 
was unpleasant and the men's overcoats had been taken from 
them on landing in France. The arrival in Hericourt was a 
surprise to the French and the acting town major was routed 
out of bed. He had a copy of a dozier, but after a few hours 
of attempting to billet troops this was found to be hopelessly 
obsolete. With another troop train almost due, the Americans 
had to re-canvass the town. There was no zone major. 

The situation was saved in Her"icourt by dint of quick 
work. Out through the area it was different, however. The 
allotment of units to villages which had been arranged by 
French headquarters with Major Eastman, was quite without 
regard to the capacity of some of the towns. Certain machine 
gun companies were the worst sufferers. One of Colonel 
O'Loughlin's battalions was crowded out on the fields in pup 
tents for several nights, and, as all but one blanket had been 
turned in at the coast along with the overcoats, the men suf- 
fered keenly in the foggy, raw nights. The same was true 
with the men who detrained at Hericourt at night and lay 
down on the soaked sward to await daylight and a guide to 
take them to their village. 

Another factor which contributed much to the lowering of 
tone among the men was the difficulty of getting cooked food 
the first days. Field kitchens had been left behind in the Unit- 
ed States on orders and it was necessary to improvise con- 
trivances to provide hot rations. 

These circumstances are mentioned not because the men 
ever complained. Far from it. A more patient, willing and 
determined set of men could not have been found than the 
18,000-odd who made up the 88th Div. as it prepared for the 
final stage into the trenches. But mention is made of these 
things because of their possible bearing on the unfortunate 
epidemic which ravaged the organization shortly after it reach- 
ed the Hericourt and continued into October. Spanish In- 
fluenza was the name given to the malady which was then 
sweeping the United States and which took a heavy toll in the 
88th in France. Our division was said to have been the heavi- 
est loser from this scourge of any American division in 
France- 



About 500 men died within a brief period, as many as 80 
in a day, and whole companies were paralyzed at times. Hos- 
pital facilities were almost nil for the sufferers and there was 
little that could be done for them. The French artillery bar- 
racks at Hericourt were being used as a hospital but at best 
the cold, damp stone buildings with no heat were no place for 
treating this class of patients, who needed mainly warmth and 
quiet. The supply of nurses also was small, and the brave 
French girls undertook to care for the added burden, although 
already overworked. 

The 29th American Division was at that time occupying 
the front line sector later to be taken over by the 88th, and 
had suffered severely in a gas attack. Gas victims had been 
rushed to the Hericourt hospital so that not only was it 
crowded but the attendants had more than they could attend 
to. The nurses did more than double duty and one paid for 
her devotion to the American sick by herself contracting the 
influenza, and died. General Beach made it a point to be one 
of those to pay tribute to this French girl by attending her 
funeral. 

At first American and French soldier dead were taken to 
the city cemetery and buried in a long row outside the wall 
as there was not room inside. However, the ground was very 
stony and difficult to dig for so large a number of daily fu- 
nerals. A new plot was laid out south of the city, and there 
338 Americans now sleep, most of them of the 88th. About 
90 are buried beside the city cemetery wall. After the Division 
had started home in May, 1919, the writer, who remained in 
France until August, went from Le Mans, where he was sta- 
tioned, to Hericourt and held Memorial Day exercises. The 
47th French Art. was then back at its old Hericourt barracks 
and Colonel Despres, Lieut. Colonel Schmidt and Command- 
ants Masson, Astier and Delerot, together with a considerable 
detachment of other officers and a squad of buglers, attended. 
The townspeople also turned out in large numbers, and the 
promise was given that the graves of the Americans would be 
cared for as long as they remained. 

French Feel Sacrifice 

The people of Hericourt, although showing a distinct 
Teutonic strain at times so close to the Alsatian border, seem- 
ed to feel keenly the sacrifice made by the boys from faraway 
America in coming to France and thus giving their lives. In 
those days of feverish training there was no time for the sol- 
diers to attend funerals and the corteges were composed main- 
ly of French women. They wished to show their appreciation 
and to represent the absent mothers. 

"They died for us," was a remark heard more than once. 

It was in this area that the men got their first actual con- 
tact with the war. Here they saw anti-aircraft guns putting 
white or black puffs of smoke in aerial barrages in efforts to 
bring down enemy airplanes. For the first time they heard 
the sound of exploding bombs dropped by air raiders and felt 
some of the thrill of danger. At Belfort a company of the 
352d Inf. was engaged in unloading supples at the railroad 
when a bomb from the air played havoc with the boxes and 
packages. Civilians at once pounced on the supplies, disre- 
garding danger in their eagerness to obtain food, while the 
soldiers were absent in the bomb proofs ("caves"). 

Records at G. H. Q., Chaumont, gave the occupation of 
the front line in Alsace by the 88th Div. as beginning Oct. 
12, 1918, but detachments of the Division began to move into 
the line as early as Sept. 23, two officers and 100 men from 
each of four battalions that were to go into the trenches first. 
The Division proper moved into the Center Haute Alsace 
Sector ("Belfort Gap") in two stages on the nights of Sat- 
urday and Sunday, Oct. 5 and 6, to relieve the 38th French 
Inf. Command did not pass completely, however, until Oct. 12. 

Before leaving the Hericourt area the Division received 
its issue of steel trench helmets and gas masks, the lack of 
which had prevented its entering the line earlier. But of 
transportation there was practically none (three horses, was 
an official estimate). Some organizations hired animals and 
vehicles from peasants out of personal or company funds, but 
it was a hard march the men made those two nights. Some 
of the men's packs weighed more than 100 pounds. 

As on the previous move, the towns for billeting the 
troops were assigned by the French and, as on the former 
occasion, capacity and numbers did not always agree. One 



And the 88th Division 



13 



battalion of the 352d Regt. suffered when it reached Fonta- 
nelle, which was given as a crossroads village on the map, 
but which was not given on the billeting lists. It was found 
that the few houses and barns would scarcely hold one com- 
pany comfortably. The companies spent the cold night on the 
ground. The next day Colonel Hawkins and the writer, who 
was division billeting officer, scouted around and found empty 
barracks at Ft. Chevremont, and after dusk enough companies 
were moved back to give shelter for all. As a matter of fact, 
the move should not have been made at all, but Colonel Haw- 
kins said the change in the orders was not received in time 
to halt it. 

IV. 

The Trenches at Last 

So finally the 88th Div. was in the trenches ! 
But it was something of a disappointment. Here were 
none of the neat, precise trenches, with parados and slopes 
according to exact measurement, as insisted upon by the in- 
structors. Instead, there were apparently haphazard ruts and 
ditches, often caved in, shallow, unkempt, ill-drained and 
muddy — altogether mean. Stretches and patches of barbed 
wire ran here and there without apparent plan. Nothing 
heroic, indeed, about crawling around in such surroundings. 
Nor were the sounds usually connected with war and bat- 
tle present.- Silence was the dominant feature— silence and 
cold and dampness and discomfort. The men were to learn 
that the pyrotechnics of hell itself were there, however, all 
around them, and could and did break out on occasion, but 
that normally they were held in leash. The sector was one 
that had not seen much activity since the early days of the 
war, when the centers of fiercest battle moved rather to the 
west, between Verdun and the Channel. Both sides used the 
Alsace country more as a training area, but the facilities for 
"starting something" were kept on hand for emergency and oc- 
casional use: Old, abandoned trenches and wire ran promiscu- 
ously about, and old shell holes were beginning to fill with 
grass and debris. 

The 350th and 351st Regiments did the first tour of duty 
in the line, two battalions at a time. The 175th Brig, held the 
north half or sub-sector of the 15-mile front and the 176th 
Brig, the south half. 

Division Headquarters P. C. was at Montreux Chateau, 
with the administrative branch in an old, abandoned mill at 
Novillard a short distance away. The quartermaster echelon 
was at Fontaine, the railhead. 

Four brushes with the enemy mainly punctuated the stay 
of the Division in line, on Oct. 12, 14, 18 and 31, although 
bombardments, raids and patrols were indulged in at other 
times as well. The reader is referred to the chapter of per- 
sonal narratives for the story of these encounters, and at 
this time the stay of the Division in Haute Alsace will be 
covered simply by quoting an official report. The fight of 
the night of Oct. 12-13 occurred as the result of an "Ordre 
d'Occupation" of the "chef de battalion du 65me Battalion, 
Chasseurs, a Pied," and 38th (French) and VII Army order. 
The report said : 

"Two reconnaissance parties of the 1st Bn., 350th Inf., 
covered by two platoons of the same battalion, were laying 
out the line for working parties to join our trench south of 
Ammertzwiller across No Man's Land to German trench. 

"At 20 hours our patrols in front encountered the enemy 
and called for an artillery barrage. At 20:05 hours our ar- 
tillery laid a barrage across the battalion front on a line ap- 
proximately from Holzberg wood to 88.73 on the Balschwil- 
ler-Enschingen road. About four minutes the German artil- 
lery laid down two barrages, one on the town of Balsch wilier 
from 76.68 on line extending parallel to our front line, ex- 
tending to Holzberg -wood; the other from 74.65 extending 
along Balschwiller-Burnhaupt road. During these two bar- 
rages our artillery was shelled. The two platoons were caught 
between the German barrage and our own. All the Americans 
in these platoons returned safely when the barrage lifted. 

Caught In German Barrage 

"The first reconnoitering party was caught by the Ger- 
man barrage and took cover ; this party was surrounded by 



Germans and the captain in charge, four sergeants and one 
private were captured. The second party encountered Ger- 
mans and the captain in charge and one private were captured. 
"Company F in Balschwiller was caught by the German 
barrage and the commanding officer severely wounded, to- 
gether with two men of the company killed and eleven 
wounded. 

"Company D, 338th Machine Gun Bn., had one section 
near 84.63 which was caught by the barrage, killing two men 
and injuring three. One of the men that was killed was 
asphyxiated by gas when his mask was torn from his face 
by shrapnel." 

The following of the 350th Inf. received the Croix de 
Guerre with silver star for participation in this action : 
Corporal Richard Franta, Co. D., Crete, Neb. 
Private Ernest Nierman, Co. G, Mansfield, S. D. 
Sergeant Burdick Poliett, Co. G, Carlinville, 111. 
Sergeant Arthur Gude, Co. G, 1004 23d St., Des Moines, 
Iowa. 

Lieutenant Oscar Nelson, Co. E, Windom, Minn. 
The following received Divisional Citations for their 
participation in this action : 

Private 1st Class Leonard Harrison Ross, Hq. Co., 351st 
Inf., Rago, Kans. 

Sergeant Boyd Mael, Co. K, 351st Inf., Cincinnati, Iowa. 
First Lieutenant Edgar Campbell, Co. H, 350th Inf., 506 
Lyon St., Des Moines, la. 

Second Lieutenant William H. Nourse, Co. H, 350th Inf., 
46 Cottage St., Hyde Park, Mass. 

Second Lieutenant Stanley J. O'Connor, Co. H, 350th Inf., 
St. Thomas, N. D. 

Mechanic George W. Hinchcliffe, Co. H, 350th Inf., Straf- 
ford, Mo., R. 4. 

Private 1st Class Harvey M. Dorris, Co. H, 350th Inf., 
Hayti, Mo. 

Corporal Horace A. Love, Co. H, 350th Inf., Manson, la. 
Corporal Clarence O. Sullivan, Co. H, 350th Inf., Hercu- 
lane, Mo. 

Second Lieutenant Raymond L. Abel, Co. G, 350th Inf., 
Wrightsville, Pa. 

Sergeant John Aschemann, Co. G, 350th Inf., Quincy, 111. 
Private 1st Class Lester Clark, Co. G, 350th Inf., Platts- 
mouth, Neb. 

Captain Peter V. Brethorst, 350th Inf., (Posthumous ci- 
tation), Lennix, S. D. 

First Lieutenant George W. Prichard, Co. D, 338th Ma- 
chine Gun Bn., Onawa, la. 

Sergeant Bernard Flannery, Co. D, 338th Machine Gun 
Bn., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Sergeant Morris I. McKenna, Co. D, 338th Machine Gun 
Bn.. Riverside, Calif. 

"On the following night, 13-14 October, acting under Field 
Orders 38th Division (French) based on French VII Army 
Order, Franco-American troops, moved forward at 20 hours 
30 minutes and occupied Ammertzwiller," the report con- 
tinued. "Two working parties of 100 men were sent forward 
to do the work of consolidation, communication trenches to 
be dug from points 84.76-81.74 and 74.81 to 78.84. Intermit- 
tent artillery fire throughout the night impeded the work and 
the working parties returned at 4 hours, 14 October. The 
two sections in advance remained in the new line of observa- 
tion. From 6 hours 50 minutes to 9 hours 30 minutes the 
French artillery laid down a barrage east of Ammertzwiller 
to protect the party then occupying that village. The French 
officer commanding the troops, thinking it inexpedient to en- 
deavor to hold the new positions, ordered them to withdraw to 
their original position, abandoning their outposts. Later, all of 
those returned but one American, who was missing. One 
German was taken prisoner." 

Receive Croix de Guerre 

The following received the French Croix de Guerre with 
the silver star for participation in this action: 

Lieutenant Lowell Forbes, Co. D, 350th Inf., Scranton, la. 

The Croix de Guerre with bronze star was received by 
Private Emmanuel Hauff, Co. D, 350th Inf., Kulm, N. D. 

The following received Division Citations for participa- 
tion in this acton : 



14 



Memoirs of France 



Private 1st Class Charles A. Lyons, Co. D, 350th Inf., 
Horton, Kan. 

Private Lewis R. Eads, Co. D, 350th Inf., Vienna, Mo, 

Private Jacob A. Hoover, Co. D, 350th Inf., Coffey, Mo. 

Private Joseph O. Horton, Co. D, 350th Inf., Plattons- 
burg, Mo. 

"Raid of Schonholz— 18 Oct., 1918.— At 11:05 o'clock a 
sergeant saw three Boche about 40 yards in front of Post 
57B," the report reads. "When he gave the alarm the Boche 
threw potato-masher grenades and opened fire with rifle 
grenades. The Americans opened fire and one German was 
seen to fall. His body was not located. The enemy artillery 
put down a box barrage after the Germans had commenced 
their withdrawal. The raid lasted about twenty minutes. The 
strength of the raiding party is not known. Our casualties 
were one man killed and two slightly wounded. 

"Raid of Schonholz Woods— 31 October, 1918. At 8:57 
o'clock a heavy destructive barrage was laid down in our 
front line trenches in Schonholz Woods from Post 51 (85.64) 
to Post 57A (12.52) entirely destroying the trenches. Imme- 
diately after the barrage was lifted an enemy raiding party of 
about 49 attacked 57A with grenades and revolver fire. Two 
Boche were killed and one wounded taken prisoner, who died 
later. The enemy succeeded in passing our front line but was 
quickly repulsed. Our casualties were: 2 men killed, 1 officer 
wounded and 6 men wounded." 

The following received Division Citations for participa- 
tion in this action : 

Private Harold H. Crosby. Co. I, 352d Inf., Rolla, N. D. 

Sergeant Hans Johnson, Co. I, 352d Inf., Menno, S. D. 

Private 1st Class John Zehreri, Jr., Co. L, 352d Inf.. 
Breckenridge, Minn. 

Second Lieutenant Donald C. Elder, Co. L, 352d Inf., De 
Witt, la. 

"The relations that prevailed between the French and 
American units were at all times extremely harmonious," con- 
cluded the report. "There was no difference noted in the rel- 
ative importance of the part played by the American units as 
compared with that of the foreign units in the small actions 
that were engaged in while the French and American units 
operated together. 

"The French troops with which the Division served were 
from the 38th Division, which had had four years of expe- 
rience in the war. These men were colonial troops and 
particularly well-trained, especially in trench warfare. It is 
believed that the American troops were their equal in dis- 
cipline and attention to duty, although not so well trained. 
The French troops were not so well disciplined in gas defense 
as were the American troops. 

Differences Negligible 

"A point was made to have a great many interpreters on 
duty with both headquarters and the difficulties that arose 
due to differences in language were negligible." 

Another report on this period read in part : 

"On the night of Oct. 12, 1918, two working parties were 
sent out from the 350th Inf. under command of Captain Saf- 
ford and Captain House, respectively, their mission being to 
connect the advance line with the first German trench at Am- 
mertzwiller. These two detachments were each to be pro- 
tected by French covering detachments. These were provided 
by reconnaissance parties which included a number of officers 
and N. C. O.'s. It was reported that these covering parties 
were late in arriving and the reconnaissance parties were cut 
off by a minnewerfer barrage in advance of our front lines. 
This was at 19 hours. At the same time our own French 
barrage opened and the reconnaissance party took shelter in 
old shell holes and dugouts. When the German barrage mov- 
ed back they were attacked by a Boche raiding party which 
followed its own barrage. The entire party were taken cap- 
tives with the exception of one French lieutenant, one M. G. 
officer and one second lieutenant of the 2nd Bn. 

"The working party in which Captain Brethorst and sev- 
eral of his men were killed was near the entrance of Balsch- 
willer and was caught by the German barrage as it moved 
back. 

"The line was advanced as directed and Ammertzwiller 
occupied. 

"At daylight on the morning of the 13th the right (south) 
subsector had failed to advance its lines and the advance ele- 



ments encountered about 40 Germans who came from a dugout 
in the northern end of Ammertzwiller. Our detachment in 
Ammertzwiller, consisted of about 40 men, half Americans 
and half French. One German prisoner was captured and our 
detachment retired under the command of an. American lieu- 
tenant. American losses: killed, one officer, 7 men; missing, 
2 officers, 7 men ; wounded, officers, 13 men." 

(The escape of Lt. George W. Prichard and the capture 
and later escape of Captains Safford of Minneapolis, and 
House of Duluth, are graphically described in the chapter of 
personal narratives, as well as other escapades.) 

Frequent sorties were made by our men into No Man's 
Land and into the enemy trenches throughout the whole oc- 
cupation. Besides the citations enumerated, Major George 
H. Russ, 352d Inf., of Bismarck, N. D., and Wagoner Lars 
E. Dahlin. Supply Co., 352d Inf., of Findley, N. D., were 
cited for their conduct during a heavy enemy shelling on 
Nov. 2. Dahlin continued to drive his ration carts to the 
forward troops at Ballersdorf despite the danger, even after 
spokes of a wheel had been cut by shrapnel, and Major Russ 
displayed coolness and courage in passing through the fire 
zone getting men out of danger. 

The fight on Oct. 31 developed other displays of heroism 
that merit special mention. When the party of nearly 50 Ger- 
mans moved on the extreme post of Co. I after the lifting 
of the barrage, Privates H. H. Crosby of Rolla, N. D., and 
C. E. Boyd, Rock Lake, N. D., lay in wait with two automatic 
rifles. Corp. Hans Johnson of Menno, S. D., came out of the 
dugout where the rest of the squad of nine men lay. He 
found Boyd had been wounded early in the fight and ordered 
him to the rear. 

Johnson took up Boyd's relinquished rifle and when the 
Germans came in sight Crosby and he opened with the auto- 
matics and hand grenades. The corporal's rifle jammed three 
times from dirt thrown into the mechanism by exploding 
shrapnel and grenades. He stopped firing in the midst of the 
enemy fire, working until the rifle was repaired throwing 
grenades with his free hand. He then fired four clips and 
threw 25 grenades, checking the Germans in front of the post 
and repulsing them so they never passed the line of observa- 
tion. 

The two stuck to their position, although Crosby was 
severely wounded through the arms and legs. Finally the 
enemy knocked him down, beat, clubbed and kicked him, and 
took his rifle away. Johnson was also wounded. 

Records of the 40th French Corps give Oct. 7-8 as the 
date when the 88th Div. began to relieve the 38th French Div. 
in Alsace, relief being completed Oct. 17. The 154th French 
Div. then began to relieve the 88th Div. the night of Nov. 2, 
completing relief Nov. 5. 

From Bad to Worse for Huns 

At this stage of the war in France matters had gone from 
bad to worse for the German arms. On the day the 88th was 
moving into the line the news came of Austria-Hungary's 
peace feeler, and that nation was soon to give up the fight. 

The French people were quick to recognize the changed 
attitude in the Germans. "Finit la guerre" became the daily 
greeting. Optimistic remarks were banded about to such an 
extent that an American military order had to be issued for- 
bidding our men to repeat them or aid in promoting what 
might be fallacious hopes. The German armies were in full 
flight from Holland to Metz, but the latter stronghold still 
held as did the line from there to Switzerland. 

The fall of Metz would be a paralyzing blow, and it was 
to partake in this blow, that the 88th Div. was withdrawn from 
Alsace and hurried north. Withdrawal was made first to the 
Valdoie (a suburb of Belfort) area, the Novillard echelon 
moving Sunday, Nov. 3, and the Montreux Chateau P. C. 
Nov. 4. 

Capt. (Major) R. B. Rathlmn of Detroit, Minn., and' Lt. 
M. H. Latendresse of Red Lake Falls, Minn., were sent ahead 
of the Division Nov. 5 to the Pagney-sur-Meuse and Berne- 
court areas northwest of Toul, where the Division was to 
gather as reserve for the movement around Metz by the 2d 
Army, with headquarters at Lagney. On Nov. 6 the first 
trainload, composed of billeting parties, entrained at Belfort 
and reached Legney the next afternoon. Here the 92d (col- 
ored) Div. lav between the 88th and the German line north of 



And the 88th Division 



15 



Pont-a-Mousson. Thus the neighbors of Camp Dodge came 
together again. 

The last of the 88th had not yet caught up with the first 
units before the end came. The organizations in forward po- 
sitions heard last angry salvos through the night and forenoon 
of Nov. 11, rising to intense fury at times, and then suddenly 
dying out at 11 o'clock. The news had reached the Division 
early in the forenoon that hostilities were to cease, and from 
village to village the church bells could be heard pealing the 
glad tidings. "Finit la guerre !" was the cry, carried about by 
happy children and women. 

The 2d Army's advance on Metz, or around it, rather, be- 
gan Nov. 10 with four divisions in line (the 92d, 7th, 28th and 
33d Divisions from right to left) along SO kilometers of front, 
and five in support, or moving in (the 88th, 4th, 35th and 82d 
American and 26th French) while the 85th American was to 
furnish replacements. Lieut. Gen. Robert L. Bullard com- 
manded the 2d Army. The supreme Allied- chief, Marshal 
Foch, planned that as soon as the Americans were well on 
their way around to the north of Metz, the 10th French Army 
under General Mangin was to make a break to the southeast 
of Metz. The Americans were then to continue northward 
toward Conflans and the French toward the Saar and the 
Rhine. Thus no direct attack would be made on the Metz 
line of fortresses, but they would be caught between the two 
armies. 

It was with mixed emotions that the men of the 88th Div. 
realized that the end had come and they were too late to take 
a hand at the kind of work the earlier divisions had done. All 
these months of long, weary, patient drill, drill and waiting, 
almost for nothing ! The men felt fit ; their contact with the 
enemy had given them confidence and they believed themselves 
better than their adversaries ; they were keyed up and braced 
for a real scrap, and were glad to have it come. They wanted 
to get into a major offensive. 

Yet better judgment at the same time whispered that per- 
haps it was better so. Everyone felt that the war ought not 
to be permitted to end until the fighting had been carried to 
the soil of Germany and the Boche had been given a taste of 
what he had given France and Belgium, yet the foe had ac- 
cepted most ignominious terms. If the same thing could be 
accomplished without the carnage that continued battling must 
bring, it might after all be better. It was known that where 
the 88th Div. was scheduled to go in would be savagely held 
by the Germans and the slaughter would be frightful. 

Though the prospect of fighting was now remote, train- 
ing went forward at once with little cessation, also the Divi- 
sion School of Arms. It was there that Lt. William Murphy 
of Duluth, 350th Inf., was killed in November, when a shell 
case flew back from a mortar and struck him in the head, kill- 
ing him instantly. He was buried in the cemetery at Toul. 

Insignia Is Adopted 

It was in the middle of November that the division in- 
signia of two figure 8's crossed at right angles, forming a 
four-leaf clover, was adopted. It was to be worn at the top 
of the left sleeve, red for the artillery, blue for the infantry 
and black for division headquarters and special units. 

This was the first mark peculiar to this war to be worn 
by 88th men, except those wounded. These were entitled to 
wear a gold chevron at the bottom of the right sleeve, point 
down. Other marks adopted in this war were the service 
chevrons — a gold chevron at the bottom of the left sleeve for 
each six months abroad, a blue one for less than six months, 
while those at home were to wear a silver chevron for each 
six months in the service. None, however, was permitted to 
show his full service in more than one kind of chevron. To 
allow for these stripes, noncommissioned officers wore their 
chevrons on the right sleeve only, instead of on both as for- 
merly. The first gold service chevrons were put on in the 
Division in February, 1919, marking the completion of six 
months abroad reckoned from date of sailing. 

The places occupied by the various units here were : Lag- 
ney, Minorville, Camp Varin la Chair, Camp l'Hermitage, 
Manoncourt, Bois Jure, Bois de Lagney, Mandres aux Tours, 
Bouvron, Andilly, Bois de Rehanne, Sanzey, Lucey, Villey St. 
Etienne (where a Boche plane was shot down Nov. 10), 
Francheville, Jaillon, Trondes and Avrainville, Laneuveville. 

Among the rumors that followed the close of hostilities 



was one that the 88th was destined to go into Germany as 
part of the Army of Occupation, but instead orders came to 
fall back to the Gondrecourt (Meuse) area, which was the 
first American training area in France. Lt. Col. Theodore 
Roosevelt was credited with having been the first American 
officer to enter Gondrecourt village, which he did at the head 
of his troops. Many American divisions had one time or an- 
other visited this area, and the vast schools there had drawn 
pupils from every outfit in France. The towns occupied in the 
Gondrecourt area were : Gondrecourt, Div. P. C, Naix-aux- 
Forges, Treveray, Laneuville, St. Amand, Reffroy, Menau- 
court, Longeaux, Morlaincourt, Givrauval, Houdelaincourt, 
Baudignecourt, Liffol le Grand, Bonnet, Ribeaucourt, Couvert- 
puits, Biencourt, Horville, Demange, Hevilliers, Boviolles, 
Marson, Villers-le-Sec and St. Joire. 

The 313th Eng. did not move at once, but remained at 
Xorroy, three kilometers north of Pont-a-mousson and Arna- 
ville, at the front, for a time. The move was made in two 
hard stages, beginning Nov. 29, through the Commercy and 
Void areas. Orders had been received previously to have the 
Lagney area thoroughly policed and every piece of military 
equipment salvaged. The men devoted Thanksgiving day to 
^cleaning up the country and removing some of the signs of 
more than four years of war. 

Rain Is Almost Constant 

Since October rain had been almost constant and the dis- 
comfort was now added to by colder weather. When the 
Division settled down around Gondrecourt there were few 
facilities for heat or light with considerable consequent suffer- 
ing. Maneuvers continued. No matter what the weather, the 
men must get out in early hours and chase imaginary foes 
over muddy roads and soggy fields until late at night. It was 
a case of being wet from one end of the week to the other, 
unless clothing and shoes dried from the heat of the body at 
night. At this time, also, the men's shoes were going to pieces, 
the soles ground away by the marching over the wet, stony 
roads. 

It was late in January before barracks and stoves could 
be provided. The Y. M. C. A. then established huts in every 
place possible and there were places for lounging and enter- 
tainment. Electric light plants also were installed. 

That winter of 1918-19 will never be forgotten by the 
men of the 88th Div. They wanted to go home! That was 
the worst trouble, of course. The weather was always "tres 
mauvais," everything was mean and disagreeable, the war was 
over, and they didn't see any use in staying longer. 

The "Frogs" were getting on their nerves and they were 
getting on the "Frogs' " nerves. Still the maneuvers con- 
tinued. 

At Christmas, 1918, the Americans had Christmas-tree 
parties for the French kiddies and gave them presents. 

With the establishing of "Y" huts diversion was created. 
Shows sprang up and were put on everywhere and "movies" 
were frequent. Then to put the men's time to some good 
purpose, post schools were opened and football, basketball, 
baseball, track, boxing and wrestling teams were formed. Lt. 
Col. C. F. Dreisbach, 352d Inf., was made division welfare 
officer and Lt. Col. W. J. O'Loughlin, division athletic officer 
and athletics was pushed in every branch. Vocational schools 
were opened at St. Joire, with 1,661 pupils and during that 
winter every illiterate, of whom there were several in the 
Division, was made at last to recognize his own name in writ- 
ing, and many made splendid progress. 

Then late in February, 1919, the Division sent 80 officers 
and 121 men to French and British universities for a three- 
month course. In March 19 officers and 121 men went as 
pupils at the A. E. F. University at Beaune (Cote d'Or). 

Besides the educational activities that marked the military 
life, a great feature of the Gondrecourt stay was the leave 
trains that took thousands of 88th men to the beautiful Riviera 
— Nice, Monte Carlo, Cannes, Monaco, etc. — or to Chamonix 
at Mt. Blanc. A motor show, horse show and enlisted men's 
field meet were events of great interest in March and April, 
1919, and the Division review by General Pershing, comman- 
der of the American Expeditionary Forces, and Secretary of 
War Baker, April 19, 1919. 

It is of interest to note here that this was the first oc- 
casion on which the entire Division had been present on the 



16 



Memoirs of France 



same field for a review in its nearly two years of existence. 
It always had been too busy with more serious activities. 

An entire chapter might well be devoted to the subject 
of the shows and other entertainments put on by members of 
the Division, sometimes under most difficult circumstances. 
One of the earliest, and, it must truly be said, cleverest and 
most entertaining shows was the 175th Inf. Brig, offering 
"The Runaways." While it had less of the spectacular splen- 
dor of the famous 88th Div. Show "Who Can Tell?" put on 
toward the close of the stay in France, it had the snap, wit 
and originality of a successful professional production, Wil- 
liam E. R. Ehlke of the Iowa Homestead, Des Moines, a mem- 
ber of the troupe, described the theatrical effort as follows : 

"Shortly after the armistice was signed, Brig. General 
Stewart, commanding the 175th Inf. Brig, acted on the pleas- 
ant thought of entertainment for the boys in the way of a 
vaudeville show. Organization began at once, and with the 
aid of Milo Billingsley, an old timer in the show business, 
under the direction of Lt. Hoyt S. Brown, the talent of the 
brigade was called together for an interview. With a few 
rehearsals in a barn, a few pieces of scenery painted in the 
same barn, we gave our initial performance at Base Hospital 
No. 51, Tout, Thanksgiving Eve, November 27, 1918. The 
cast was Milo Billingsley, Lee Norris, James T. Hardy, Otto 
Bridge, Paul M. Lindfeldt, Ray Soash, Jack Lenox, Raymond 
Lawson, William H. Brehm, Franklin Crelley and myself. 

"After a lot of hard work on the part of General Stewart 
and Lieutenant Brown, as well as the members of the troop, 
in the way of rehearsals, shows, painting scenery, making cos- 
tumes, writing music and songs and trying to devise means of 
getting a few francs, whereby we could buy costumes, we 
stumbled -on the idea of having programs printed, which we 
sold to the boys at one-half franc, as a souvenir which coukl 
be sent home to the folks. 

"With a lot of hard knocks, such as no doubt everybody 
over there had, we managed to get together, as considered by 
a number of men of authority, the best show in the A. E. F." 

"Who Can Tell?" was a tuneful, colorful and showy pro- 
duction that might have done well on any stage anywhere. 
The costumes required an expenditure of $20,000 furnished by 
contributions from officers and men and large sums from the 
Y. M. C. A., K. of C, Salvation Army, and mainly the Jewish 
Welfare Board. The show opened at the big double- hangar 
at Gondrecourt and the various organizations of the Division 
were transported by truck to see it on succeeding nights. The 
production was then to have made a long tour of the A. E. 
F., wherever there was a stage large enough to accommodate 
the mammoth company, but the order to sail for home came 
just in time to cut short a highly successful run in Paris. 
The 175th Brig, show also had a Paris run at the Trianon 
Theater of the Y. M. C. A. 

All these activities served to lift the weight of ennui 
somewhat in the midst of the constant rain, mud and cold. 
Military problems and maneuvers continued but called for 
fewer men as the units became greatly depleted at times with 
their members away on leave trips or at school. It should be 
recorded in passing that the educational programs for the 
men and other diversions did not meet with the entire ap- 
proval of all officers of the regular army who preferred to 
confine the men to army duties. 

When do We go Home? 

Throughout that memorable winter in those rambling, 
smelly villages, the insistent question ever uppermost in the 
minds of the men was, "When do we go home?" It was the 
one big thought, but month after month went by without an 
answer. Rumors came and went, and finally a list of the di- 
visions scheduled to sail for home before July 1, 1919, was 
published in the Stars and Stripes, official A. E. F. weekly. It 
gave the numbers of all but two divisions — and the 88th was 
one of those two! 

We were not even on the list to go home! The blow 
was a severe one. It came on top of weeks of constant har- 
rowing on the part of the Paris edition of an American paper, 
which ran a seven-column line at the top of its front page 
daily: "Get the boys home toot-sweet!" or another of similar 
purpose. It was a rabid anti-administration publication and, 
with a presidential campaign due the following year, the intent 



was obvious. But, as always the case with political move- 
ments, it took little account of the evil it might do with the 
result that it demoralized morale and made the men more rest- 
less, dissatisfied and rebellious. At best discipline was diffi- 
cult to maintain at a high and salutary state after the incen- 
tive of war was over. The announcement that the 88th was 
not mentioned in the list of returning troops was too much 
for one young man of the 352d Inf. at Bonnet, and he com- 
mitted suicide by shooting. 

However, the speed with which the divisions were being 
sent back home was another of the marvels of the participa- 
tion of the United States in the war and in April it became 
evident that the 88th's turn would soon come to step aboard 
the gang-plank. Again a policing order was issued and with 
a will the men set to cleaning up the signs of their occupa- 
tion of the peasants' houses and barns, filling up trenches, 
repairing the roads and otherwise putting things in shape to 
turn the area back to the French. 

Orders to move to the Le Mans (Sarthc) area, American 
Embarkation Center, came at last, and Capt. Sumner T. Mc- 
Knight of Minneapolis, formerly with the 351st Inf. but then 
in the office of G-l, went ahead to the headquarters town of 
La Suze. The first group of billeters left Gondrecourt May 
2 for the 36-hour trip. Division headquarters moved May 8 
and the Division was together again by May 13, except for 
the 313th Eng., which remained behind a few days to com- 
plete the cleaning-up. 

It was a great change for the men to the Sarthe country 
from the wet, cold, muddy and stoney Gondrecourt area as 
they had known it throughout their entire stay. At La Suze 
May was smiling and warm, flowers blossomed and nature 
was at her best. 

But the Division was not to stay there long. On May 15 
it started for the port of embarkation at St. Nazaire and the 
last left May 18. Nor was the Division destined to remain 
at the port long either. Delousing, physical examinations and 
clothing exchanges completed in a hurry, four days was the 
longest any unit remained before going aboard ship. 



V. 



Career of 88th Division Ends 

Thus ended the career of the 88th Div., at Newport News. 
Va., U. S. A., where the various units were landed. From the 
port the men were separated and sent to the encampment near- 
est their homes or place of enlistment or induction into service. 
At this time the Division was made up of men from every 
state in the union, mostly from the north Mississippi River 
Valley. Iowa had 4,300 men in the Division, Minnesota 4,000. 
Missouri 1,900, North Dakota 1,200, Illinois 1,150, South Dako- 
ta 1,000, Nebraska 600, Kansas 500, New York 400, Pennsyl- 
vania 300, and most of the other states from 100 to 300. There 
were a large number from New Fngland, also from Canada. 
Italy and the Scandinavian countries. 

The largest group was returned at Camp Dodge for dis- 
charge, each man being given a $60 bonus and a red chevron 
to put on his left sleeve at once to denote discharge. This 
permitted him to continue the wear of his uniform. The men 
had been issued new outfits, complete, and were entitled to 
take home with them a gas mask, helmet and other equipment 
and clothing. In Des Moines the returning men were met at 
the depot and marched to a tent where the women served re- 
freshments. 

No pen has ever yet succeeded in accurately describing the 
joy and delight of the men to be home again with their people 
and friends. The affection shown by our boys for their homes 
and kin was one of the things especially noticed about them 
by the French and many a strong youth let glad tears run 
unashamed to see home and mother once more. 

Theirs had not been a spectacular adventure, compared 
with some of the other outfits. As a story of war the history 
of the 88th Div. must lie somewhat disappointing. We may 
never know what or who "kept us out of war" for so long, 
but certain it is that it was not tin- fault or the desire of 
these citizen soldiers. By the time they were to have gone 
into the great drive they were full of the confidence and the 
spirit that simply will not acknowledge defeat. 



And the 88th Division 



17 



General Quick at Salute 

In the commanding general the Division had a man who 
came well recommended from the 28th Div. He had the knack 
of getting in touch with the individual soldier and gaining 
his regard. It was said of him that it was a fast doughboy 
who could beat the general to the salute when the car of two 
stars passed the trudging private on the road. 

One doughboy of Headquarters Troop told of entering a 
barber shop in Hericourt to buy razor blades. He was not 
having much success making his errand understood, when a 
stocky, gray-haired, pleasant-faced American got out of a 
chair and walking over to the counter helped him out in 
French. 

The young man was duly thankful, but when he saw the 
stranger put on a blouse with two stars on each shoulder he 
got panicky and bolted for the door in a hurry. 

Members of the 88th Div. had a prominent part in launch- 
ing the Liberty Legion, tentative name for the American Le- 
gion. Lt. Col. Bennett C. Clark, assistant chief of staff G-l, 
and Major (Lt. Col.) Eric Wood, G-2, with Lt. Col. Theodore 
Roosevelt were in fact the originators and first temporary 
officers of the organization as formed in Paris. Major Wood 
and Lt. L. R. Fairall, editor of the Camp Dodger, were dele- 
gates at large on the executive committee, on which Lt. Col. 
George C. Parsons and Wagoner Dale J. Shaw represented 
the Division. 

The 349th Inf. reflected added luster on the 88th Div. with 
a rifle team at the great shoot held at the Belgian Camp, Le 
Mans, in the spring of 1919. Pvt. Charles M. Schwab won a 
gold medal with a score of 532. 

It is to be regretted that the Division quit France just at 
the time the best and most enjoyable part of the year was 
setting in. Recollection of that country is apt to hold upper- 
most rain, mud, ruins and cold. The men stayed in sections 
where the peasant people were tired of having soldiers about 
and where nothing had been repaired or otherwise cared for 
for nearly five years. 

One plaint of A. £. F. days that died out somewhat after 
the return home was that regarding the high prices charged 
Americans over there. Here is what an American soldier 
just returned home wrote back to his pals still in France : 

"You may think the French are holding you up on prices 
over there. I am back in the States and I have found out 
something I did not know before, that the French are not in 
it at all. There is a certain class in these United States that 
put the French way back in the shade for that sort of thing. 
They work on the theory that every soldier is so darned glad 
to get back to God's country that he is sucker enough to pay 
any price for anything. And what is more they are getting 
away with it. They are the smallest and the meanest of the 
whole family of profiteers. They outcharge the French com- 
pletely — postcards of the ship you came over in, 25 cents ; 
service chevrons, SO cents; little sandwiches, 25 cents; oranges, 
15 cents." 

If the French found the Americans easy marks, and had a 
separate price for us, perhaps it does not come with good 
grace for us to throw stones, in view of the experience of the 
French who came over here with La Fayette to help Washing- 
ton. The Stars and Stripes repeated a letter which was sent 
by a French soldier back to France in Revolutionary days, 
which read, anent the Yankees : 

"They fleece us pitilessly; the price of everything is ex- 
orbitant ; in all the dealings that we have with them they treat 
us more like enemies than friends. Their cupidity is unequal- 
ed ; money is their god ; virtues, honor seem nothing to them 
compared to the precious metal. I do not mean that there 
are no estimable people whose character is equally noble and 
generous — there are many, but I speak of the nation in gen- 
eral. 

"Money is the prime mover of all their actions ; they 
think only of means to gain it; each is for himself, and none 
is for the public good. The inhabitants along the coast, even 
the best Whigs, carry provisions of all kinds to the English 
fleet, which is anchored in Gardner's Bay, and that because 
the Fnglish pay them well." 

Stunned by High Prices 

The problem of high prices struck the returning Clover- 



leafers a stunning blow. The government paid each officer 
and man $60 bonus on discharge, which was supposed to help 
him start again in civil life. But $60 would not even buy a 
decent suit of clothes, they discovered. Shoes were $15 to 
$20 a pair. Food was two to four times its former price. At 
the time of this writing, potatoes have risen to $5.60 per bush- 
el and sugar to 27 cents a pound, each purchaser being per- 
mitted only one pound. 

Soldiers who did not have a position waiting for them or 
relatives with whom they could stay temporarily had a diffi- 
cult time. Congress had voted a considerable bonus with 
alacrity to the army of government clerks who flocked to 
Washington to serve their country during the war, but when 
it came to equalizing the prosperity and giving the returning 
fighters some of it, the matter of expense was strongly urged 
against it. Some states passed bonus legislation, but it is still 
a question whether any federal bonus will be agreed on. 

What made the situation seem onr.-sided to the soldiers 
was the plenty apparently possessed by everyone who had re- 
mained safely at home. People in munitions or other war 
plants had drawn almost fabulous wages. Artisans and even 
common laborers received as much as highly trained profes- 
sional men might have been happy to accept before the war. 
It was a topsy-turvy arrangement and the soldier felt that 
someone had "put something over" on him while he was fight- 
ing for his country at $33 a month — less war risk insurance, 
Class A allotments, Liberty bond payments, etc., et'. 

While France may not have left the best impressions in 
the minds of those who saw only the worst side of it con- 
stantly, there can be little doubt that on the whole, with many 
and notable exceptions, the smooth-faced, happy, reckless, 
baby-cheeked American doughboy made a not unpleasant im- 
pression especially on the female portion of the French popu- 
lation. Mademoiselle and madame considered him "plus gen- 
til" than their own men. 

"J'aime beaucoup les Americains," they often put it. The 
distinguishing features of the American youth in the minds 
of the French were his athletic build, height, breadth, supple- 
ness of body, springy, swinging gait and cleanly appearance. 
They came to France like a cool, refreshing breeze. 

Other things the Frenchman noticed about the American 
was that he was much addicted to the use of the razor, where- 
as the Poilu is a "poilu;" he played hard, roughly and noisily; 
he was fond of children and generous with goodies for them ; 
he "ate" tobacco and wanted his food on his plate all at one 
time instead of in courses; he was strangely soft-hearted and 
gentle, though savagely murderous in battle ; he became "zig- 
zagged" easily, but, odd man that he was, he drank water 
mostly and did not take kindly to wine as a rule. 

This idea of using water for drinking purposes was con- 
sidered hugely droll by the peasant-folk. 

"You drink water and milk," they teased. "That is for 
children and babies. You call us 'frogs' but you are more 
like frogs than we are. You use water like frogs." 

But the American, when he drank of wine, beer, cognac, 
eau de vie, or what, did not "drink" as the French did. He 
"gulped" in large quantities, while the Frenchman sipped — 
temperate always, in all things. 

As fighters, British, French and Americans came to have 
the highest regard for each other. Americans came to admire 
with an intense admiration the little men who held Verdun and 
the Marne, and the French in turn had the utmost esteem for 
the huge boys who rushed so recklessly into danger and used 
the bayonet with such telling effect. 

Though 18 months after the war the United States has 
not yet officially made peace ; though the United States is the 
butt of abuse from without and within, and politicians, emerg- 
ing from their hiding during the war, have halted progress 
toward a settlement bringing about a disturbed condition that 
almost threatened to undo all that has been accomplished, the 
foundation has been laid for a deep, lasting, personal, man-to- 
man regard and affection between these three peoples. 

A British and French comment on the American as a 
soldier (a comment that probably was supposed to be diplo- 
matic reflection) was perhaps a fairly accurate estimate. It 
ran: 

"The Americans are not good soldiers; but they are good 
fighters." 



19 



PART 2 



Personal Narratives and Reminiscences 



My Experience in the World War 

On the morning of August 9, 1918, we were all ordered 
to roll packs with full equipment and be ready to move out at 
any time. The packs were made in a very few minutes as all 
the boys were very anxious to leave Camp Dodge, as we had 
been drilling hard and long every day and the other regiments 
had been moving out so we knew that the time for us to move 
out would soon be here. At 11 o'clock we were served sand- 
wiches for dinner and at 12 o'clock we were ordered to "fall 
in." We moved down to the train which was waiting to start 
us on our journey that would take us to a foreign country 
where some of us were bound to stay, as we knew we were 
going into active service in the World War. 

By 2 :30 we were all loaded onto the train ready, to start 
and we didn't need to wait long as we were soon on the way. 
We' passed over the C. & N. W. route which took us through 
Ames where we stopped for about 30 minutes while the train 
crew worked on a hot box which had developed on one of 
the car trucks. 

Leaving Ames at 3 o'clock wc made a steady run to Clin- 
ton, la., where'we were served by the Red Cross ladies. They 
served us cold coffee and cookies which was greatly enjoyed 
and the way we were treated was also appreciated by us. The 
people tried to do everything in their power for us in the 
way of cheering us up on our trip and letting us know that 
they and the whole United States were backing us in our big 
task. Many of the boys gave the addresses of their mothers 
to the Red Cross ladies and asked them to write to them as 
they had not had a chance to write home for some time. Many 
of the boys said after we had arrived in France that their 
mothers had received very interesting letters from the Red 
Cross ladies in which they had tried to encourage our mothers 
and folks at home. Leaving Clinton at 7 :4S we made a steady 
run to Chicago at which place we arrived at 2 A. M., Aug. 
10. We did not have a very good opportunity to see the town 
as most of us were sleeping and the train stopped in the yards 
from which point it is almost impossible to see much. We left 
Chicago at 4 o'clock after having the water and ice tanks 
replenished, over the Nickle Plate road to Buffalo, N. Y. At 
Ft. Wayne where we arrived at 9:30 we stopped long enough 
to take all the men out for a morning hike which was very 
much enjoyed for several reasons. One was that we stopped 
very close to a large factory where several hundred girls and 
young women were employed and as we marched past the 
girls all cheered us and many threw roses which the boys, as 
all good ball players do, caught. While we were getting 
aboard many of the girls followed us to the train to see us 
off and it started to rain so hard that they were forced to 
run for cover, but they cheered and waved their handkerchiefs 
as long as we were in sight. Not only at Ft. Wayne did the 
people come out to watch us pass and cheer us on but at every 
town along the way, the people, children, men and women 
were out along the tracks, waving Old Glory to us and cheer- 
ing at the top of their voices. 

All Out For a Swim 

After leaving Ft. Wayne the next stop we made was at 
the edge of Lake Erie where we got into the lake for a swim. 
This was one of the first experiences for most of the men as 
many of us had never seen a large body of water before, so 
it was greatly enjoyed. We had a fine bath as there was nice 
clean sand from the tracks down to the water and the water 
was warm enough to swim in. After everyone had had a good 
bath we entrained again, going on into Cleveland, O., arriving at 
4:30 P. M. and were given cigarettes, postcards and grape 
juice by the Red Cross ladies. Upon leaving Cleveland we 
were served supper on the train, as we had our field range 
and cooks with us. They prepared our meals and the men 



that were on K. P. carried the meals through the train to us. 
After supper was over we spent our time watching mile 
after mile of land pass the car windows which we greatly 
enjoyed as it was such a contrast to our bare hills at Camp 
Dodge. When it became too dark to see the country we made 
our bunks as we were riding in Pullman cars. This was 
something else that many of the boys had never experienced 
before, so many of them did not sleep well during the trip 
to the coast. 

I "was up most of the second night as I was corporal of 
the guard and while making the round of posts I met one of 
our men coming down through the car and I asked him if he 
could not sleep as it was too late for anyone to be roaming 
around at that hour. His answer was that one minute his 
head hit one end of the bunk and the next minute his feet hit 
the other so he thought it was time to be getting out of there. 

On the morning of Aug. 11 we arrived at Buffalo, M, Y., 
staying there about two hours and leaving in the early morn- 
ing which gave us a morning ride to Elmira which was greatly 
enjoyed as the country was very different from that which 
we had been used to. We arrived at Elmira at 10 o'clock 
where we all piled off to get fresh milk and cookies which 
were served by the Red Cross ladies. Our next stop was at 
Scranton, Pa., where we were again served cigarettes, post- 
cards and coffee by the Red Cross ladies. We took a hike 
through the town and saw some very nice homes. The people 
were all out along the streets and at the depot to see us. Leav- 
ing Scranton we passed through some of the most beautiful 
scenery we had seen on our trip so far and while going 
through the mountains we passed the watergap at the Penn- 
sylvania-New Jersey line. 

Going through New Jersey we arrived at Hoboken at 
6 P. M. where we were detained and embarked on a ferry on 
which we crossed the channel to Long Island. Crossing the 
channel we passed under the Brooklyn bridge and saw many 
things that were quite new to the most of us. Landing at 
Long Island we piled on a train again and went to Camp 
Mills. After getting off the train we had a long hike to make 
with full packs on to the tents where we were to stay while 
there. 

During our stay at Camp Mills we had some very inter- 
esting experiences. We could step out of our tents at almost 
any hour of the day and could see as many as ten planes 
flying over us, some of them flying in groups of as many as 
three or four. Many of them would fly over very low, doing 
maneuvers that many of us thought were impossible. 

On Aug. 13 there were a number of men who received 
passes to go to New York city. My bunky, a young man from 
Iowa, with whom I had bunked and pal-ed ever since coming 
to camp, and I went over with the others. We saw some 
very interesting things while going up and down the Great 
White Way, amongst which were the Flatiron and Wool- 
worth buildings. We then crossed the Brooklyn bridge on 
the way to Coney Island where we spent part of the evening. 
After doing Coney Island and getting some souvenirs to send 
home we returned to New York City and went to a show after 
which we returned to camp. 

The next morning we received our overseas clothing and 
the rest of our ordnance equipment. Our nice broad brimmed 
hats were taken away from us and little dinky caps issued 
to replace them. We all had our hair cut short so we could 
hang the cap on some of the short hairs, that being about the 
only way we could keep them on. Another thing the men could 
put in their time at was wrapping their leggings, which was 
a bigger task to learn than they imagined. When it came 
time to roll the packs many of us were wondering where we 
would put all of our things and after we had everything tied 



20 



Personal Narratives 



on in every way imaginable, our next thought was how we 
would ever carry a load like that. 

Many Americans have made the statement that American 
soldiers were not equipped. Many times while making our 
trips over France I thought that if those people that thought 
we were not equipped could see us carrying those packs, or 
better still if they had to carry them for ten or twelve hours 
as we have done, they would think we had all the equipment 
there was in the United States. Our packs as we have been 
carrying them weigh on an average of about 80 pounds, but 
we often thought that they weighed twice that much after 
we had them on for a few hours. 

Some of the men, in fact, all of us, saw some of the 
parks on Long Island that were far nicer than any w*e had 
ever seen before. The parks are all kept in the very best 
of shape, everything being so neat and clean. The flower beds 
were very pleasing to the eye, as they also were exceptionally 
well planned and kept. 

Leaving Camp Mills by train on the morning of Aug. IS 
we traveled to Brooklyn harbor, arriving there about 2 o'clock 
where we detrained to get aboard a ferry which took us to 
the pier where our vessel was docked. We were again given 
a feed by the Red Cross ladies, consisting of cookies, cigar- 
ettes and ice cream. We also received postal cards that we 
were to mail as we stepped off the gangplank into the ship 
and which were to be sent to our loved ones at home to tell 
them we had safely landed "over there." 

When the time came for our company to go aboard the 
big steamer which was to carry us across to the battlefields, 
our names were called out as we filed up the gang plank, 
dropping our cards in the mail sack and going down to the 
lower deck to the hole that was to be our home for several 
days. We piled up our packs, got our hammocks all slung 
and then there was nothing left for us to do but to explore 
the ship and see what our new home looked like. We lay at 
dock until noon of Aug. 16. When we were all down in the 
hole eating dinner on this day the ship seemed to be moving. 
Some of the men went up to see if we were leaving and in 
a short time every man was upon deck watching our dear old 
America fade away below the horizon. We sailed out past the 
Statue of Liberty and as we saw it fading away the men be- 
gan to realize that we were fast leaving our homes behind, 
some of us never to return. 

Fourteen Ships in Convoy 

In the convoy we sailed with there were 14 troop ships, 
two battle cruisers escorting us out to sea. After sailing 
several days one of the cruisers turned and went back, leaving 
the other, which we were told was the Cruiser Connecticut. 
It stayed with us ten days and nights and on the morning of 
the eleventh day we noticed it had disappeared during the 
past night. We were all wondering why she had left us 
before the Mosquito Fleet met us, but we did not wonder 
long, for about 10 o'clock some one saw a very small dark 
spot coming up over the Ijorizon which soon proved to be a 
ship. It had no more than come in sight when another and 
another, and still another came into view until there were 12 
battle ships and submarine destroyers in all. Then we felt 
as though we were pretty well protected although we knew 
we were entering the danger zone, though the boys didn't 
seem to be the least nervous when we were coming across. 

The ship that we came across in was the Ulysses, which 
was an English cattle transport of about 600 ft. in length 
from bow to stern, drawing about 35 ft. of water. The ships 
in the convoy were the first things that we had seen which 
were camouflaged. They were painted in different colors, the 
lines of painting irregular, making the ship hard to distinguish 
at a distance. The interior of the ship was very crudely con- 
structed in the lower decks, as it had been a cattle boat, but 
as we hung our beds up in the air it didn't make very much 
difference about the condition of the ship. As soon as the 
ship was under- way and the United States was out of sight 
we were wondering whether we were going to be seasick and 
feed the fishes while we were coming across. 

About the second or third day out a few of the men be- 
gan to miss some of their meals, but as the sea was excep- 
tionally calm there were only a very few men that experienced 
seasickness. There was only one day that the waves were 
large enough to come up over the sides of our vessel. 



There was a bunch of the men loafing along on the midship 
deck watching the waves roll when all at once it appeared 
that a shower bath had been ordered but the men didn't seem 
to stay on deck long as the water was coming over in sheets, 
drenching those who were on deck. We didn't need to stay 
down long as the sea was soon calm. 

A very strange incident that a few of us had the pleasure 
to witness happened about noon one day when a few of us 
were on the upper fore deck watching the waves roll up 
against the bow. A small whale appeared just under the sur- 
face of the water, swimming along just ahead of the ship, 
and in a moment another and another appeared until there 
were six of them swimming along side by side. They would 
dart up to the surface of the water, turn on their sides or 
backs and dive down again out of sight. They kept this up 
for nearly five minutes when they suddenly disappeared. They 
were about eight or ten feet long and of a dark color. While 
they were "showing off" to us they certainly proved them- 
selves excellent swimmers and divers. 

There was no excitement during our trip across with the 
exception of one night about 1 o'clock when the whistles 
were blowing on a couple of the ships and the battle cruiser 
that was with us suddenly turned passing close in the rear of 
our ship and going on until arriving between the second and 
third ships of the convoy when it suddenly opened fire with 
a burst of five shots from the 8-inch guns. Evidently, the 
other ships scattered, going in different directions, going in a 
zigzag course and keeping this up for nearly two hours. As 
day began to dawn the ships again took up their former po- 
sitions and everything seemed to be all right again. We were 
told by some of the ship's crew that a submarine had been 
sighted but they were not certain as to whether it was de- 
stroyed and sent to the bottom or not. 

Sing, Sleep and Study I. D. R. 

Our trip across the ocean, which lasted 12 days, was very 
pleasant, as the sea was extraordinarily calm and we were 
not bothered by the submarines, so we spent most of our time 
singing, sleeping in the sun on the upper deck, and studying 
the I. D. R. Another big job we had to learn was to eat the 
food that was served to us. It consisted of soup, mutton and 
plum pudding. The soup, which was not seasoned at all, was 
very different from any that we had ever eaten. The mutton 
was also very different from that which we had eaten in the 
States. The plum pudding was about the only thing that we 
could eat so we were always wishing for the time when the 
K. P.'s would bring it down again. 

On the evening of Aug. 27 we were able to see land away 
in the distance. Some of us stayed up on deck long into the 
night so we would be up when we landed. It became too cold 
to stay up so we went down to bed. In the morning we found 
that we were anchored in the harbor at Liverpool. We lay 
there till about 8 o'clock, when we moved up to the dock and 
went down the gangplank that put us for the first time on 
foreign soil and ended our first voyage across the Atlantic. It 
was a grand feeling to have our feet on land again and to 
have a little elbow room. 

Marching up through the streets from the dock to the 
R. R. station we were able to see and compare a foreign city 
with those of America. We found that the streets were much 
narrower, not as well kept and not so smooth. The street 
cars were very different, being much shorter, higher and very 
antique. The buildings and stores are not to be compared 
with those of the States. They are made of stone and very 
small. The things that they have to sell are also very different. 
Going into a store you may find some groceries, meats, hard- 
ware and wines. 

When we were marching to the station the band met us, 
playing some of America's pieces which we were very glad to 
hear. They followed us and played while we were loading 
onto a foreign train for the first time. After we had placed 
all our packs in the cars we were given cards, compliments 
of King George, to send home to our folks. We were also 
given coffee, cookies and papers, which we were anxious to 
read as we had had no news of the war since leaving the 
States. 

The people were very nice to us there and nothing seemed 
too good for us, and one man told some of the men that their 



Personal Narratives 



21 



country was being saved by the Yankees. Some of the men 
stayed in Liverpool for a couple of hours which gave them a 
chance to see more of the town and also gave them a chance 
to send a cablegram home to the folks telling them we had 
arrived safely "over seas." 

We left Liverpool riding in a train that was very dif- 
ferent from those in the U. S. A. The cars were very much 
shorter and not as high being partitioned off so that a squad 
of eight men rode in a section by themselves, the doors of the 
cars being in the sides. 

See Many Queer Things 

Riding through England for the first time we saw many 
interesting things, the lay of the land and how it was divided 
into fields. The fields are much smaller than we are used to, 
being surrounded with rock walls, rail fences or hedges, which 
as a rule are very well kept. The land was plowed in narrow 
strips, which made ridges from the back furrows. There was 
acre after acre of potato fields which seemed to be their main 
crop, and which they were digging as we passed by. Some 
wheat, oats and barley is raised, but we did not see a field 
or even a stalk of corn since leaving the States. 

The buggies and wagons are also very queer, the buggies 
having only two wheels which are very high and shafts that 
are long with a large bend in them which makes the end point 
nearly straight down. The most of the wagons also have 
only two wheels which are large and heavy, the body or run- 
ning gears are merely two logs that have been cut out, laid 
across the axle and extend far enough ahead for the shafts, 
as there are no tongues in the wagons. The load is placed on 
the boards that are nailed to the two logs and held on by 
sticks that are used as standards. Many of us saw for the 
first time a yoke of oxen being worked and thought it strange 
that people living in the 20th century would be working oxen, 
but as we went along we found that there were many oxen 
being worked as horses are scarce. The horses they do have 
are mostly large and heavy, being of a good breed, but most 
of them have evidently been taken for the Big War. Hogs 
were also very scarce and I remember of seeing only two or 
three hogs on our entire trip across England. 

Arriving at Birmingham about 2 P. M. we stopped long 
enough for the men to get a cup of coffee that was being 
served by the Red Cross ladies and buy a few things that 
were for sale at small stands in the depot. This was the first 
time we had ever had any one refuse to take American money, 
they would take a dollar bill and if you had change coming 
you were fortunate, so some of the boys paid a good price for 
cigarettes, but they were glad to get them as nearly everyone 
was out of cigarettes before we reached Liverpool. 

Our next stop was Winchester, arriving there at 7 o'clock 
in the evening. We unloaded and marched up through the town 
to a camp which we were told was a rest camp, and it turned 
out to be a real rest camp, one that we enjoyed very much 
as we had made the hike of about three miles up hill with 
full packs and without supper. We were given a very light 
supper which rested our stomachs too, and as we were very 
tired from our long journey we went to our tents to go to 
bed. There we found that we were to have a change from 
sleeping in beds so lay down on the soft side of the boards 
on the floor of the tent. It was very cold that night and so 
many of us in each tent that we could do very little resting. 
^ The next morning, Aug. 29, we left our first rest camp at 
7 o'clock, marched back to the station where we had detrained 
before and boarded the car for Southampton. Landing there 
at 11 o'clock we lay in the dock until about 5 o'clock that 
evening' when we went aboard the channel boat St. George. 
During our wait in the dock we were able to go out around 
the harbor for a few minutes at a time so were able to see a 
few large ships laying at dock, some of them also being in 
dry docks. Two of them were British ships that had been 
torpedoed by German submarines and were in for repairs, 
thus giving us a grand opportunity to see the results that a 
torpedo can accomplish. The Olympic was among the ships 
that were laying at dock, loading and getting ready to make 
another trip. We were told that she had just arrived carry- 
ing 8,000 American Red Cross nurses that were to care for 
our sick and wounded. 



Cross Channel in the Night 

We started across the English Channel at about 6 o'clock, 
so we could make the trip at night. As we sailed out from the 
harbor we realized that we were making the most dangerous 
trip as there were floats and mines anchored all through the 
harbor except in one part that was left for the ships to sail 
through and as we got out farther we saw several battleships 
laying in the harbor guarding the ships there. There were 
some poles sticking up out of the water in one place and on 
one of them was a sign "DANGER" which evidently was to 
show that a ship had been sunk there. 

As night came on it was getting cold and windy so we 
were forced to go down below, and as there were no hammocks 
for us to sleep in we were forced to sleep any place we could 
find. Many of us were fortunate enough to hire bunks from 
the ship's crew so we put in a wonderful night's sleep which 
was the first we had since leaving Camp Dodge, but for those 
who were not able to get bunks the night was long and dreary. 
They lay down in the hallways, on the steps and every place 
there was room to stay, and when anyone passed down the 
hall it was nothing to have your head stepped on by some 
one wearing hobnailed shoes. We were passing through the 
most dangerous period in our journey but no one seemed to 
be very much worried, at least nothing was said as we were 
well protected because there was a battleship sailing in front 
of us breaking the way or disclosing any mines that might be 
in our path. 

Early in the morning we landed at Le Havre, debarked 
about 8 o'clock and marched five miles through the town 
which was mostly up hill to a large American camp which was 
called Camp One, Section B. Le Havre proved to be a very 
beautiful city. The camp was a large camp of tents located 
on top of a hill and surrounded with a high wire fence, with 
guards walking post on either side. We were placed in the 
tents, one squad to a tent, and as they were small tents, eight 
men filled them up so that we were too crowded to sleep as 
well as we should have. 

On the night of Aug. 31 we left camp at 11 o'clock mak- 
ing a midnight hike down the hill with full packs. That was 
one hike that the men will never forget for the officer that 
was leading the companies must have been trying to see how 
fast we could walk down that dark, rough rocky road. We 
reached the station at about 1 :30 that night and were so tired 
that we took off our packs and laid them down on the stone 
platform and in a few minutes many of us were sound asleep. 
In a short time we were loaded in box cars that were very 
small and very much open. The roofs in most of the cars 
were mostly cracks and as it rained the next morning we 
were pretty well soaked. There were from 30 to 40 men pack- 
ed in each car making it so crowded we could not lie down 
and it seemed that all the wheels of the car were flat from 
the noise it made and the way it was bouncing over the nar- 
row track we were hard put to stay in the car, let alone try- 
ing to get any rest. 

Making our first trip through France in a box car on 
Sunday morning we saw some very interesting things. The 
country was very much like that of England only not so welt 
kept. We traveled along the Seine River and through the 
outskirts of Paris, being able to see the world famous Eiffel 
tower in the distance. The next morning we were unloaded 
at Les Laumes where we pitched our pup tents in a stubble 
field on the edge of town. After making that our home for 
a couple of days we went about a mile and a half to Alise 
Sainte Reine where we were billeted in barns, empty houses, 
and every place that a man could sleep. The people there 
proved to be very nice to us as they tried to do everything 
they could for us. We were the first American soldiers sta- 
tioned there and there was one little store that you could 
scarcely buy anything at, but after we had been there for 
some time they had more than doubled their stock and also 
doubled their prices. 

Ruins of B. C. City 

As we learned the history of Alise Sainte Reine it proved 
to be a very old town, some of its buildings being built in 1626. 
There were some ruins a very short distance from the town 
and we were told that they were the ruins of a city that had 
been built before Christ. There were the ruins of the battle- 
fields on which Caesar had fought with the Gauls and a statue 



22 



Personal Narratives 



of Napoleon was standing on the same ground, while a statue 
of Joan of Arc marked a corner in the little town. 

We left Alise Sainte Reine on the night of Sept. IS about 
11:30, marching back to Les Laumes loaded onto a freight 
train and rode until about 3:30 the next afternoon when we 
landed in Belfort from which place we hiked about eight 
miles to Vezelois. 

Arriving there about 7 :30 in the evening we were too 
tired to hunt billets so we made our beds on the ground. As 
it grew darker we could see the rockets fired in the front 
line trenches and hear the big guns. The next morning we 
could see the Vosges Mountains away in the distance. One 
point of them we were told was in Germany and on another 
we were shown the place where 30,000 Germans had lost their 
lives. At this place we were only 14 miles from the front 
lines and we could hear the big guns every night and nearly 
every day we saw a battle in the air between the French and 
German aviators. 

" One day we saw a very pretty sight. There were two 
German planes flying very high nearly out of sight and being 
fired at by anti-aircraft guns. We could see the shrapnel 
shells bursting all around them. When one burst right at 
one of the planes it swayed a second, turned nose downward 
and fell clear to the ground. 

Many times I have heard France spoken of as "Sunny 
France" but every day that passed the less I thought that the 
sun ever shone in France. It rained day after day and when 
it didn't rain it was either cloudy or foggy so that the ground 
had no chance to dry up. We went to drill every day so our 
feet were always wet and many times it was not only our 
feet but our clothing also. When we reached our billets we 
had no place to dry our clothing as we were living in barns 
so a good many of the men took cold which soon turned into 
influenza and we began to send men to the hospital every day. 
Some of them have never returned. 

Captain and Mail from Home 

One evening as we were all sitting around in billets the 
word came that our dearest friend, the person we all wanted 
to see most and the one we had more confidence in than any 
one else, had arrived in town. We all rushed out to take him 
by the hand or at least to see our captain, who had left us at 
Camp Dodge to come over before us and get things ready for 
us. The captain seemed to be very glad to see us, but I am 
afraid he will never know what it meant to us to have him 
return. A few nights later the mail from our home folks 
came in for the first time since we had been in France and 
the captain sat up with the boys sorting and giving out the 
mail so that the men would get it as soon as possible. 

On Saturday evening, Oct. 5, we rolled full packs and 
hiked about six miles to a little town called Fontenelle, where 
we were all put into a large barn to spend the night. In the 
morning when we got out there was a heavy frost, the first 
one we had while we were over there. At noon we were 
told to roll packs again and the men that were too weak or 
too sick to carry their packs had them hauled. This was the 
last hike that was made for some time by many of the men. 
We were all wondering where we were going, but we soon 
found that we were going back to Vezelois again. 

While we were making this hike we could see a search- 
light throwing its beams looking for airplanes. This pre- 
caution was taken every night to guard against observation 
by airplanes as all our traveling or hiking was done at night. 
These night marches were necessary, as it would have been 
easy for the Hun planes to observe the strength and probable 
destination of troops if they had marched by day. This was 
a disappointment to all of us as we had no opportunity to see 
the country through which we passed, and also for the reason 
that they were very monotonous; just a steady march, march, 
march, except for our ten-minute fall-outs and then we were 
unable to see what we sat down on or in. 

On the evening of Oct. 10 we left Vezelois and hiked to 
Rougemont, which was a distance of about 14 miles. This 
trip was very hard on the men as nearly all of us had been 
feeling indisposed or had just been in the hospital, and carry- 
ing full packs, we certainly were glad when we reached the 
billets we were to sleep in. We stayed in this town for a 
couple of days in French barracks, had a good warm bath 
and had the pleasure of visiting in the town in the evenings. 



This was one of the towns in which we were able to buy 
things that we wanted, as there had been a good many Amer- 
ican soldiers there some time before and the shopkeepers had 
found out what the American troops wanted and had pur- 
chased a good supply accordingly to take care of the next 
bunch arriving. 

On Saturday evening we heard some heavy firing from 
the big guns up at the front and we knew that a heavy bom- 
bardment was on. We did not know then whether it was the 
Germans or the French that were putting it over but we learn- 
ed afterward that it was the Germans shelling Eglingen, which 
was entirely destroyed. When some of the shells burst it 
seemed as though the ground under us was trembling and we 
were eight miles from the town that was being shelled, so 
we could imagine what it would be like if we were there. 

Hike to Camp Norman 

On Sunday evening, Oct. 13, we left Rougemont, making 
another long hike to Camp Norman, which was located in the 
woods near Chavennes le Loire and close to the front line 
trenches. During our stay in camp we visited this town quite 
often as we were only about a mile from there. This town 
was about five miles from Montreux Chateau, where Divi- 
sional and Regimental Hdqtrs. were, and some of us went 
there a few times as it had some dandy stores and among 
those supplies obtainable was excellent chocolate. 

We were out in the field one day close to the front when 
we saw three French planes flying toward the German planes 
when they began circling around each other and the battle was 
on. They were using their machine guns, diving and darting 
through the air. None of the planes were brought down, but 
the French proved themselves the best birdmen. The Ger- 
mans decided it was time for them to go home and the French 
planes followed them a little ways when the anti-aircraft 
guns opened up on the Germans and drove them out of our 
sight. 

The barracks at this camp which we occupied were made 
by the French and the bunks were a wooden frame with wires 
stretched across to sleep on. They were certainly uncomforta- 
ble as the wires were about eight inches apart and in the 
morning when we got up we looked like waffles, only we were 
pretty badly bent. It was still raining nearly every day so the 
roads were very wet and muddy. 

About 5 o'clock Thursday evening, Oct. 24, we rolled our 
packs and got out on the line ready to start for the first 
time into active service at the big front in the world's greatest 
war. We started out in the rain, the road was muddy and 
dark, making walking hard and disagreeable. After we had 
traveled for a couple of hours we were given orders that there 
was to be no more smoking or loud talking so we knew that 
we were getting pretty close to the front. After a long tire- 
some walk we reached Hagenback, which is in Germany 
where the platoons were separated and each given a guide 
who took us to the sector that we were to occupy. 

As our platoon moved out the men walked in single file, 
one on each side of the road. Everyone kept very quiet as 
we knew that the Huns had the range of the road and if 
they thought or knew that a relief was being made they would 
have turned their artillery on the road and made it very un- 
pleasant for us. Ending our hike, which was a distance of 
about 14 miles, we entered the trenches and took posts at 
12:30 that night. We were given our range, or field of fire, 
and received the orders from the men we were relieving just 
as they moved out leaving us, a green set of regiments, to 
hold the ground. 

It was very hard to go through a dark, muddy, narrow 
trench without making any noise but the relief was made so 
quietly that the Germans knew nothing of it, for they did not 
send over a barrage as they had done so many times before. 
During a relief is a very good time to send over a barrage 
as the old men are leaving their posts and the new ones com- 
ing in making a concentration of troops on which artillery fire 
could inflict heavy losses. 

Trenches in Poor Condition 

Some of the posts we took over were in awfully poor 
condition, full of mud, water and trash. Of course we got 
practically no sleep that night, as we got only a hazy idea of 



Personal Narratives 



23 



where the enemy trenches were from the men we relieved 
and were naturally on edge from uncertainty. 

When morning came and we got the lay of the land we 
became more confident and were able to get some real rest 
when our turn came to rest. After each man had rested some, 
we got busy and cleaned out the little dugout that was at the 
post I was on, fixed up a couple of boards for bunks, hung 
our shelter halves up at the doors and fixed it up so that we 
had a fairly good place to stay, although it was very cold as 
we were not allowed to have any fire. 

We were up against a very different proposition than 
we had ever tackled before and we soon found that it was a 
man-size job. Standing post was not so bad in the day 
time but at night we spent many cold and lonesome nights. 
There were always two men on duty at each post at night 
and from S P. M. during the night they would wake the third 
man at the end of two hours so that we stood post four hours 
and slept two. 

The first few nights one of us would see the stump of a 
tree which had been shot off by the big guns and the first 
minute it looked like a tree, the next minute like a man, and 
in a few minutes it seemed an army. If a noise was heard 
that sounded like the Germans coming over we would locate 
the spot it was heard from and if it was heard again a gre- 
nade was thrown and everyone was on his feet ready for an 
attack. 

One morning about 11 o'clock we were cleaning our 
guns and getting ready for anything that might happen when 
all at once we heard shells bursting all around us, tearing big 
holes in the ground and throwing dirt into the air. Everyone 
grabbed his gun, went out along the trench and waited for 
the order from the corporal to go "over the top." The reason 
for going out in the trenches and leaving the dugout was that 
if a shell hit the dugout only the man that was left to stand 
post would be killed. The trenches were very little protec- 
tion, though, as the shells were alighting in them and tearing 
them all to pieces. We could scatter out and if a shell landed 
only one man would be a casualty, where if we had all re- 
mained in the dugout and a shell landed on it we would have 
all been killed. 

Found what Barrage was Like 

We had all been wondering what a barrage was like, but 
in about two minutes speculation in that regard was finished 
and we began to wonder where the next shell would land. 
One of our men was walking in the trench holding his rifle in 
his hand when a shell struck the gun at the small of the stock 
smashing the gun in two, tore the canteen from his belt and 
tearing his overcoat. Another man had one of his arms shot 
off and his leg broken. He was rushed to the hospital but 
died in a few days from loss of blood. As soon as the bar- 
rage lifted a raiding party of 40 Huns came over and attacked 
Post 57A, I Company's sector, and in the battle that followed 
one Hun sergeant was wounded and captured, one Hun private 
killed, and one of our men killed and one wounded. 

The corporal in charge of this post distinguished himself 
in the fight and undoubtedly will receive the D. S. C. He 
claims that many of the Huns were wounded, but they suc- 
ceeded in carrying them with the exception of the two men- 
tioned, back to their trenches. The prisoner told that they 
had been forced to make the attack by their officers and that 
they had been lying out in front of our lines from 3 o'clock 
that morning waiting for the artillery to open up the barrage. 
Just before he died from the wounds he had received the ser- 
geant asked for a cup of coffee, which was given him, and 
he said that they were getting practically nothing to eat and 
were being forced to fight. 

After the barrage which lasted only IS minutes but which 
seemed like a day to us, we all knew what it was like to go 
through a real barrage but were awfully glad when the first 
one was over. We have been told about barrages, have read 
about them and formed opinions of what a barrage would be 
like, but now we know from experience the real meaning of 
one. From that day on the men dreaded a barrage ; we were 
not afraid of gas for we knew our masks were ample pro- 
tection against that; we were not afraid of infantrymen for 
we had good rifles and bayonets with plenty of ammunition 
and grenades, knew how to use them and had plenty of boys 
"rearing to go." 



The enemy airplanes were over our lines a great deal as 
we had practically no planes to oppose them and they secured 
much valuable information, in fact their reconnaissance was 
so good that the barrage mentioned above was not accidental 
in its accuracy but due to the planes' good scouting work in 
locating our trenches. Our anti-aircraft guns were able to 
keep them from effective machine gun fire distance but could 
not prevent their thorough reconnaissance of our lines. 

No Protection from Shrapnel 

But when a barrage started with shrapnel flying all about 
us and shells tearing big holes in the ground we knew that 
there was no protection from that except to go over the top 
and ahead of the shelled area, as that would be our only 
place of safety. When a barrage is started it is thrown on 
the area to be shelled in either a box shape with one side left 
open, or a V-shape. If we were in the center of the area the 
shells would be thrown on the right, left and back of us, stead- 
ily being drawn in toward the center until the whole area had 
been shelled. That being done, the only safe place was di- 
rectly in front of the German lines which was too close to 
their trenches to be shelled. 

We had plenty of practice with the bayonet and trench 
knife while we were in the trenches as every night and many 
times a day there were rats that were nearly as large as cats 
running all around us. While we were sleeping they would 
come out, run over our bodies and across our faces and play 
around us until they were driven away. They had more nerve 
than the Germans for they would run over our guns while we 
were on post, eat our bread and get into everything they could 
find. The noise that they made kept us guessing sometimes to 
know whether it was Germans or rats. 

Our kitchen was located back of the trenches about a 
half mile and at 5 o'clock in the morning two of the men 
would go back for coffee which was our breakfast, then about 
11 o'clock we had our dinner and at 4 o'clock supper. We 
also received our mail which we certainly enjoyed and which 
put courage into the men. The people who have contributed 
to the Y. M. C. A. have probably wondered whether the boys 
at the front were getting any good of it or not, but if they 
knew how much we enjoyed eating a package of cookies about 
midnight when we were standing post on a lonesome cold night 
they would never regret what they have given for the boys. 
The "Y" furnished us with cookies, chocolate and tobacco and 
the people will probably never know how much we appreciated 
and enjoyed them. 

On Saturday evening, Nov. 2, we were told that the 
French were coming in to relieve us, so we got things ready 
to move out and at 10 o'clock that night we left our post to 
go back of the lines for rest. We hiked from the trenches 
back through Hagenback to Dannemarie where we spent the 
night in barns that had been fixed up for billets. We reached 
there about 4 o'clock in the morning and as everyone was 
tired and sleepy we put in the most of the morning sleeping. 

That evening, which was Sunday, we were ordered to 
roll packs and be ready to move at any time. Just before we 
moved our captain came up to us and told us that we had a 
long hike to make and for us to leave our packs, but if we 
wished we could carry a blanket or two. Two of us decided 
to make a light pack together, so we could change off carrying 
it, making it easier for both of us and still each of us would 
have a blanket when we reached our destination. 

Long March Through Belfort 

We had supper and were given a sandwich to carry and 
at 5 o'clock started on our trip, which proved to be one of 
the hardest ones we had ever had. After passing several 
towns we found we were going over- a road that we had trav- 
eled over before, and we knew that we were nearing Belfort. 
Immediately we thought that would be where we were to stop, 
but we were disappointed, for we kept on going through the 
town. 

Everyone was so tired it seemed impossible to go another 
mile but we kept toiling along till about 5 o'clock Monday 
morning, when we reached a little town called La Salbert, 
where we literally dropped into the cowbarns or any place 
and were dead to the world for the rest of the day. Most 
of us were too tired to get up and eat which is some tired. 



24 



Personal Narratives 



During our stay in this town we spent most of our time po- 
licing it, cleaning every out-of-the-way place, which made it 
cleaner than it had ever been before. 

At 2 A. M. on the morning of Nov. 10th our company 
moved into Belfort, as we were to load the equipment of the 
brigade to be hauled some place near the big front, so we 
knew we were going into action again. The company moved 
into a large French barracks, where it was divided into two 
shifts, and one shift went into the trainyards to start loading 
the trains, while the other shift finished their night's rest. 
While our shift was off duty we spent the day, which was 
Sundae - , in seeing some of the things of interest in Belfort. 
One of them is a statue of a lion which is 68 feet long and 
45 feet high, which is certainly a masterpiece of sculpture. 
It had been designed and constructed by the same man that 
built the Statue of Liberty located in the harbor of New York. 
On the second day of our stay in Belfort, which was Nov. 
11, the word was received that the armistice had been signed, 
that fighting was over for 36 days and that peace would very 
likely be the outcome of it. This was wonderful news to us 
all and it could be seen from the way they cheered that every- 
one was glad the World War was presumably ended. The 
French as well as the Americans celebrated and flags were 
raised and everyone was happy. There were a coupl of air- 
planes flying very low over the town, flying flags and cele- 
brating the good news. 

On Tuesday afternoon, after we had loaded all the equip- 
ment for the companies of the brigade, we left Belfort on a 
freight train, going to a railhead where we unloaded Wednes- 
day morning and that afternoon marched about five miles to 
Lucey, where we were billed to stay only 24 hours, but as the 
war was over our orders were changed and we stayed until 
Nov. 29. During our stay at Lucey we spent most of our 
time policing the streets and out-of-the-way places of the 
town, and in drilling. On Thanksgiving day part of the com- 
pany was taken in trucks to a little town near the front lines, 
to police it and to collect all the American equipment that had 
been left by the fighting men, and which was turned in as 
salvage. As it rained the greater part of the day it was not 
a very pleasant Thanksgiving for us. 

Leaving Lucey Friday, Nov. 29, we started a two days' 
hike with full packs and after marching nine miles the first 
day we stopped for the night in a town named Void. After 
resting that night we started out again at 7 o'clock marching 
all day and well into the night. That night when we reached 
our destination, which was Bonnet, we were all so tired we 
could hardly walk. Making 21 miles in one day with full 
packs certainly tries a man's muscles and endurance, and cer- 
tainly is a good test as to whether a man is man-sized or 
not. — Melvin Brandt, Corporal, Co. L, 352d Inf., Postville, 
Iowa. 



Goodbye to the Frogs 

We have tramped your roads and carried our packs, 
And now, by gosh, we're going back! 

We have drank jour wine and ate your cheese 
And walked in mud up to our knees. 
We have slept in dugout, barn and shack. 
And now, by gosh, we're going back. 

We rode your box-cars forty deep, 
All night long without a wink of sleep. 
We ate redhorse and old hardtack, 
And now, by gosh, we're going back. 

We stood inspection from head to feet. 
We swept your streets all clean and neat. 
The Huns are licked and policing is slack, 
And now, by gosh, we're going back. 

Back to the good old U. S. A. 

It won't be long till I say "Good day!" 

We'll see sweethearts, wives and mothers, too. 

So goodbye France, to with you ! 

— Name Withheld. 



To France and Back 

Went into training at Camp Dodge in May 1918. After 
a few months of strenuous drill which included many early 
and late hours we left Camp Dodge Aug. 9, passing through 
Rock Island, Chicago, Toledo, Cleveland, Erie, Buffalo and 
Middleton and boarded the ferry boat at Weehawken, N. Y., 
going around Manhattan Island to the Long Island R. R. 
terminal where we went by rail to Camp Mills, arriving there 
Aug. 12. We stayed there a few days while being fitted with 
overseas equipment. We left Camp Mills for Brooklyn and 
got there Aug. 15, boarded the transport Ulysses and pulled 
out to sea on the afternoon of Aug. 16. Our convoy consisted 
of 15 transports and 2 battleships. 

Our trip across the sea was uneventful, except for an 
occasional shot fired from a submarine. The weather was 
favorable and the sea calm. We got our first glimpse of 
land, which was the coast of Scotland and Ireland, on the 
morning of the 27th. Going through the Irish Sea and Chan- 
nel we arrived at Liverpool, Eng., early in the morning of Aug. 
28. From there we went by rail to a rest camp at Winchester. 
The next morning we lef.t for Southampton. We stayed on 
the wharf until late in the afternoon, boarding the ship St. 
George.- We crossed the English Channel at night and land- 
ed at Le Havre, France, early next morning. 

From Le Havre we hiked about six miles to another rest 
camp, where we got our first bath in France. After staying 
here a few days we were introduced to our latest mode of 
traveling, via side-door Pullmans, or box cars, with the direc- 
tions on the outside for loading "8 Chevaux or 40 Hommes"— 
all in a space of 8 by 24. 

Our first French camping grounds were reached Sept. 2 
at Les Laumes. Here we slept in pup tents, and Sept. 4 
moved three kilos to Alise St. Rene. After a short stay here 
we were loaded into box cars on Sept. 15. After traveling 
for several days we reached Belfort Sept. 17 and hiked seven 
kilos to Vezelois, where we were billeted in barns. Here we 
drilled rather hard to complete our final training for the 
trenches. It was here we received our gas masks and helmets, 
the things that later caused many an outburst of flowery 
language. 

Leaving Vezelois Oct. 5 we hiked about eight kilos reach- 
ing Fontenelle about midnight. Here we pitched pup tents 
for that night as we left the next evening for Ft. Chevremont. 
a hike of 7 kilos, arriving there about 2 A. M. Oct. 7. We 
left there Oct. 10 and hiked 15 kilos to Rougemont, and Oct. 
13 found us at Camp Norman after a long, severe hike. The 
evening of Oct. 24 we hiked about 20 kilos to the front line 
trenches on the Alsace front. 

After a series of events and experiences during our 
stay in the trenches, we moved out on the night of Oct. 31 to 
the town of Hagenback, about four kilos to the rear. Here 
we remained a few days to recuperate from our stay in the 
trenches. A hike of about six miles brought us into the town 
of Dannemarie on the morning of Nov. 3. Leaving there 
about 6 P. M. the same day, we hiked about 25 kilos to the 
town of Roppc, resting there for a few days. 

Late in the night of Nov. 11 we hiked six kilos to Bel- 
fort, arriving there early in the morning of Nov. 12 and 
after a little lunch we were again loaded into box-cars, to 
move up for reserves for the Meuse-Argonne defensive, 
reaching the town of Lucey Nov. 13. 

We left Lucey Nov. 29 and hiked 24 kilos to Void, reach- 
ing Void late that night. Leaving the next morning at 7 :30, 
we continued the hike to Bonnet, arriving there about 10 P. M., 
Nov. 30, having covered a distance of about 40 kilos that day, 
the worst hike we encountered while in France. 

The ending of hostilities left us with high hopes of go- 
ing to "Home Sweet Home." But it was only after a number 
of disappointing rumors that we received orders to proceed 
to the point of embarkation. 

The Division was reviewed by General Pershing on April 
19. After praising them for their splendid record and soldier- 
ly appearance he thanked them for the spirit of co-operation 
they had shown in the great struggle for democracy. May 10 
finds us on our final journey to the coast, — Homeward Bound! 

Keached my home at Lime Springs, la., June 15, 1919. — 
Francis H. Jones, 352d Inf., R. 4. Bx. 14. 



Personal Narratives 



25 



Capture of Capts. Safford and House and Escape 

From German Prison 



(Following is a recital of the adventures of two 88th Div. 
officers, Capt. Orren E. Safford, a Minneapolis attorney and 
former University of Minnesota football star, and Capt. Henry 
A. House, formerly of Duluth, Minn., commanders of Com- 
panies G and E, respectively, of the 350th Inf. It covers one 
of the most exciting- and certainly the most interesting episode 
that marked the stay of the Division in France. To give all 
the details from the time the two officers and ten enlisted men 
were trapped in No Man's Land on the evening of Oct. 12, 
1918, until six weeks later, Safford and House, ragged, starved, 
almost delirious from pain and fatigue after a flight of more 
than 60 miles through the Black Forest, stumbled into the out- 
stretched arms of welcoming "Poilus" at the Alsatian end of 
a Rhine River bridge, would occupy most of this volume. Cap- 
tain House has put the story in manuscript of nearly 75,000 
words, a really remarkable description of a remarkable ex- 
perience by a gifted pen, and he has some thought of publish- 
ing it some day in book form. If he should ever do so, I can 
most unhesitatingly recommend it to the reader. Few, better or 
better written stories have come out of the war. Captain 
House at the time of this writing, by the way, is in New York 
preparing a play soon to be produced there. — E. J. D. L.) 



Reports of an official character quoted in preceding 
chapters give a sufficient insight for present purposes into 
what was the plan of the Franco-American force holding the 
Center Alsace Sector at the portion bordering on Ammertz- 
willer and Balschwillcr on the night of Oct. 12, 1918, ending, as 
it did, so disastrously for the 88th Div., or for one battalion of 
it. There is no doubt that there was room for criticism after 
the night's operation, but in view of the great ensemble achieve- 
ments of Allied and American arms in the war, there is not 
now any inclination to keep this circumstance to the fore; there 
is only regret that good American lives had to be lost and suf- 
fering created needlessh'. 

In a word, new trenches were to be dug or connected up 
across No Man's Land from the American lines to the German 
lines in Ammertzwiller, supposed to have been abandoned by 
the enemy. Work was to be done after dark by details from 
Companies E and F, commanded respectively by Captains 
Henry A. House and Peter V. Brethorst. Company G (Capt. 
Orren E. Safford) was to provide a "covering" or protecting 
party while the work was going on. 

At early dusk the French lieutenant who was to be in 
charge of the operation, told Captain Safford to come with 
him and started out into No Man's Land. They took along 
the necessary protecting party carrying grenades, automatic 
rifles, pistols, etc. 

The French officer intended to establish the two extremes 
of the new trenches to be dug, and lay white tape to mark 
the trail for the workers in the dark. Orders had been sent 
to House and Brethorst in the afternoon advising them to send 
House and Brethorst in the afternoon advising them to send 
their commands equipped with picks and shovels to a certain 
rendezvous at a certain hour at dusk, and to have the of- 
ficers meet at the American major's Post of Command before 
the working parties came up, to get instructions in detail. 
These orders were secret and contained little information — 
nothing, in fact, that in itself would give much of an idea pf 
what was afoot. The men themselves received no inkling of 
what was coming until they were lined up after early evening 
mess and told to get out their tools. 

Population Is Mixed 

This sector was in a mixed German-French population, 
with plenty of German sympathizers to get information across 
the line. It has never been positively established whether the 
enemy received word of what the French and Americans 
planned to do that night, but whether they had or not, de- 
velopments indicated that they had plans of their own for 



that night which had been in formation for some time. It is 
highly probable that it was a mere coincidence that the plans 
of the opposing sides clashed. 

Captain Safford and his little party arrived at the spot 
in No Man's Land where the French officer announced he 
intended to locate the right or south end of the new trench 
to be dug. He left Safford and two French and two American 
soldiers to mark this point, while he and the rest of the party- 
started north to locate the other end of the line. Safford 
and his companions took up a position behind a wire barri- 
cade at one end of a slight gully caused by the cutting through 
of a country road. Among the Americans with him was 
Andrew S. Tipton of Broadway, Mo. 

It was already growing dark when the detail had emerged 
from the advanced trenches and was quite dusk when the 
parties separated. Directly in front of where Safford was 
stationed, a short distance out toward the German lines, were 
two old parallel communication trenches running east and 
west. They had been waiting several minutes when they 
heard the sound of footsteps approaching in one of the 
abandoned trenches. Weapons were held ready. Soon Saf- 
ford could make out figures emerging from the opening of 
a trench only about 30 feet away. The Frenchmen and he 
opened fire. All became still. They remained behind their 
barricade until presently they heard sounds again from the 
trenches. As soon as they opened fire this time, it was re- 
turned. Tipton opened with the automatic. Bullets zipped 
all about. A small battle was carried on until finally the 
Germans ceased, and Safford's party did also. 

Nothing stirred then for some time, and Safford directed 
one of the Frenchmen, who had two bombs, to throw them 
into an abri where he feared an enemy might hide and do 
them damage. The Frenchmen had only two precious gren- 
ades. He pulled the pin in each of these successively and 
and threw them, but neither went off. 

It was suggested by one of the French soldiers, a non- 
commissioned officer, that they drop back a few yards to 
where he said he knew a good place. Where they were was 
easily approached from any side without their being able to 
see. 

"We might get some prisoners,'' said the noncom. The 
possibilities were discussed of covering some of the Germans 
and making them come forward to be disarmed. It seemed 
reasonable. 

"It was great fun, all right," Safford said long afterward, 
in telling of it. 

Accordingly they took up a position on a slight eminence, 
still along the road, but beside it, and adjacent to old wire. 
They reloaded their guns and Safford and the lieutenant 
stood up looking about, all of them straining their ears for 
the sinister secrets the falling darkness hid from view. 
Stealthy figures could be seen skulking at times, and Safford 
made out heads just visible above a depression. They were 
working around to the rear. 

"Are they Boche?" Tipton inquired of Safford in a 
whisper. Tipton had his automatic rifle ready. Safford passed 
the question along to the lieutenant, who replied in the af- 
firmative. 

While standing on the knoll, a sergeant of Chasseurs 
came crawling stealthily up from across the sunken road. 
Safford was surprised to see him but more surprised at what 
he had to say. He said that Captain House was a few yards 
away, just across the road. 

Now, Captain Safford had no inkling of who was to be 
at the night's work, hut he did not dream that Captain House 
would be in it, for he had relieved House's company in the 
line only the night before. House and his company should be 
resting safely behind the lines several kilometers after their 
tour in the trenches. 

Stealthy sounds and figures were all around in the grow- 
ing blackness — in front, toward the enemy lines, on both sides. 



26 



Personal Narratives 



and in the rear, between them and their own trenches. But 
there was no making out by whom or exactly where. The 
Chasseur slunk away as noiselessly as he had come and re- 
joined Captain House across the road. 

"Le Capitaine Safford," he whispered. It was now House's 
turn to be surprised. He knew he had been relieved by Saf- 
ford the night before, but from the instructions only a platoon 
of G Company was to be of the covering party. 

Puzzles for Captain House 

But this was only one of a series of puzzles which had 
confronted the commander of E Company all evening, ever 
since he had gone forward to the Battalion P. C. at Bueth- 
willer and got detailed instructions from his major. 

To go back to the beginning of the story as it affects 
House's company, when it was relieved the night before, the 
men hoisted their heavy equipment on their backs and march- 
ed the four miles back to the village of Traubach-le-Bach, 
where they were to rest and clean up after four days of 
trench duty. They got in at 2 A. M. and went to sleep with 
the pleasant prospect of four days of pure rest before them. 

The next day was peacefully bright; the Teutonic town 
was asleep, and only overhead was there much sign of any- 
thing untoward. German planes were circling about in greater 
numbers than common, and antiaircraft artillery was filling 
the high strata with cottony white or black puffs in the vain 
efforts to put an end to their operations, or to prevent them 
from penetrating far back of the American lines. House 
walked through the neat streets and found his men washing 
their linen and hanging it about in the sun, splendid marks 
for the airmen's eyes. He had them put their lingerie in less 
exposed places. 

At noon a runner brought him an order that ISO of his 
men equipped as a night working party would report at the 
Battalion P. C. at 7 P. M. and that the officers and four 
platoon sergeants would report there at 6 P. M. for instruc- 
tions. House was disgusted. The prospect of a night' of 
slinging mud, stringing wire, pounding stakes and building 
revetments was not pleasant. But at S P. M. he started out 
with two lieutenants and four sergeants for the major's post 
as ordered, leaving his company to be brought up by a lieuten- 
ant. It was the last time House saw his company during the 
war. 

At the major's P. C, Captain House found Captain Bre- 
thorst, present on a similar errand. Neither could muster any 
enthusiasm. Brethorst's company also had completed a tour 
in the trenches, been relieved, and had looked forward to rest. 

But the orders they received from the major made them 
take a new interest in life. They were not to "sling mud" in 
rear areas, as they expected, but were to go out in No Man's 
Land to dig, under the very noses of the "Squareheads." 

That was work of an entirely different nature. It should 
be known that ordinarily an officer of the rank of captain is 
forbidden to venture into No Man's Land except with his en- 
tire command — that is, an attack in force. Brethorst had long 
railed against this shackling order, but now he was to have 
a chance to spend the night bej'ond the lines, and his eyes 
twinkled with anticipation, like a small boy's. 

The captains were directed to take their advance parties 
at once down to Balschwiller where they would find their 
respective French commanders at the company P. C.'s. They 
were to take them out to where they were to begin digging. 
As they got to their destination, nothing unusual appeared 
brewing. Flares at times cast reflections in the road, and the 
"put, put, put" of some nervous doughboy's automatic rifle 
would break the stillness. That was all. 

Only a French orderly was at the company P. C. He said 
a lieutenant would soon come to go with Captain House and 
a captain for Captain Brethorst. These were their French 
associate commanders. The captains would please wait, which 
they did. But the minutes dragged on. Brethorst became 
impatient and left in search of food. House never saw him 
again. 

Something Sadly Wrong 

Quarter hours passed ; no one came. House did not know 
what to make of it. He felt that something had gone sadly 
wrong. He should by now have been well beyond the Petite 



Poste, about ISO yards out in No Man's Land from which 
he was to begin his trench. A young French runner whom 
House knew entered, and said he had come to guide the captain 
to a certain platoon post he knew where the lieutenant was 
waiting. 

They hurried out noiselessly into the silence zone at the 
edge of the village, making haste through wire which caught 
at them and duckboards which flew up. They reached the 
rendezvous — but no one was there. In a trench bay stood a 
doughboy on his two-hour vigil on a fire-step. He whispered 
that he had seen no one. Other sentries the same. 

A boyau leading out to the Petite Poste, usually barricaded 
at this point at this time of the night, was found open. Per- 
haps the party had gone through. A French senior sergeant 
of Chasseurs joined them and whispered that he had been 
sent to find them. In the deep silence broken only by oc- 
casional flares or desultory spitting of automatic guns, they 
stole out toward the Petite Poste. Suddenly to the front 
there broke out a rattle of rifle fire and the sputter and smacks 
of other implements. They ducked. Silence, a flare, a few 
more shots, another flare, then deeper silence than ever. 
House did not know what was the disturbance, but he learned 
later from Safford. 

The Petite Poste was deserted. The firing must have been 
further out. The sergeant sent the private over the parapet 
to reconnoiter. Long moments passed, and the private drop- 
ped back into the trench without noise. The party was wait- 
ing he said. They filed through the boyau as far as it afforded 
protection, then emerged. They were standing on the bank 
of something like an old road. Across the road House could 
see silhouetted against the sky-line two dim figures standing. 
There were also two prone. The sergeant silently felt his 
way through the wire tangles down the slope and up the 
other side, and this is where the stories of the two captains 
come together for a moment. The sergeant returned and an- 
nounced to the astonished Captain House that it was "le Cap- 
itaine Safford'' over there. Safford was in an attitude of 
rigidity, listening intently. He might know something of 
House's lieutenants: So House started to creep slowly across 
toward him, when a treacherous wire caught him and made 
a telltale jangle. Safford turned his head with a warning 
"Sh-h-h," motioning with his arm to stop. 

House wondered what was up. He gazed at Safford 
standing there staring fixedly toward the enemy lines, and 
he turned to look, too. What happened then is perhaps best 
told in the words of Captain House's story: 

"As I did so the world blew up." 

There is no member of the 88th Div. who was anywhere 
within IS miles of Balschwiller shortly after 7 o'clock that 
night who will ever forget what went on for the next hour 
and a half. A German gun at the extreme right fired a shell 
at an angle across No Man's Land. Another toward the left 
fired one crossing the trail of the first almost over Safford's 
head. Then a few more and more and still more. It opened 
up all along the line in a regular deluge of frightful flame 
accompanied by noises such as none of the Americans had 
ever heard before. And almost at once the same thing hap- 
pened from the French guns on the American side. 

Front Line a Fountain 

House turned and saw the American front line and the 
ground between him and it a literal fountain of bursts. Breath 
was driven from the lungs by the concussions. The sergeant 
scrambled to him : 

"Barrage! barrage! Suivez moi !" he yelled. ("Follow 
me.") 

They fled down the narrow steps of a deep dug-out, but 
the muffled crashes still came to them. House thought of 
Safford, but the sergeant said there were other shelters and 
Safford would save himself. 

Suddenly the other Chasseur shouted for all to follow him 
and he darted for another stairway leading up. Barely had 
the others started to crowd after when he came hurtling back, 
shouting "Boche ! Boche !" With the other Frenchman, House 
yelled to the men to follow, and they started for the other 
stairs, But silhouetted against the sky the Chasseur saw 
figures, and in turn he took up the cry of "Boche!" 

With pistols cocked and ready they waited the appearance 
of the first "Squarehead." Then from the other side of the 



Personal Narratives 



27 



room came the voice of the French sergeant : "Kamerad." 
The Chasseur beside House took it up. Old campaigners of 
four years, they recognized the trick they had played many 
times on the Boche, and they realized it was their turn now 
and the game was up. German soldiers crowded down both 
stairs. 

"Ach ! Kamerad. Ja, ja. Handts oop. Oop mit der 
handts, undt quick ! Schnell. Schnell. Heraus ! Coom mit 
uns. Coom !" 

Panting, sweating, some ashy with fear or excitement, 
they crowded down, armed with every weapon, even to two 
flammenwerfer tanks with nozzles pointed at the men they 
had caught. In spite of the excitement, some order was 
observed, the prisoners were disarmed and marched up into 
the unceasing clash and glare at the bayonet point. 

The bombardment had grown more furious, as the raiders 
in Xo Man's Land were thoroughly boxed in. Many a Ger- 
man fell that evening from the "shorts" of his own batteries. 
Horns and shrill whistles now could be heard, and they brought 
a stream of German figures through the wires to both, sides 
and the rear of the prisoners. There were shouts and curses ; 
one man laughed hysterically until silenced by companions. 

Start for German Lines 

The captured men were grouped and started for the 
German lines, through the narrow passages between wire en- 
tanglements revealed by the flashes. House came near where 
some Germans were investigating what House thought were 
the forms of two Americans who had been knocked out. One 
of the figures got up. It was Captain Safford. He walked 
over to the main party. 

"House! Good God, this isn't you!" burst from his lips. 
House .could only grin with a sickly sensation. A shell burst 
and scattered gravel thickly over them, and they grinned no 
more. The Huns, milled around. 

"What're we goin' to do?" yelled Safford. 

"What can we do?" 

"Look," and Safford went closer. "My pistol ! I'm not 
disarmed. Maybe we can make a break for it." 

"Break for where? Wire everywhere. In ten yards, shot 
like rats. Better wait." 

"Well, they're not going to have my automatic, damn 
'em !" and Safford parted with his weapon in the darkness. 

Thus the two captains, both of the same battalion, were 
captured by the Germans. Ten enlisted men also were taken. 
Among the latter, besides Tipton, were John S. Kristenson, 
New York City, and Linley Sexton of Purdy, Mo., and Ser- 
geants Victor Nelson, Britt, la., L. Conners. Stewart, la., 
Ralph J. Laird, Reasnor, la., and L. V. Faber, 1393 Cedar 
St., Keokuk, la. They had heen taken by a considerable force 
of the enemy, as it turned out, who had come over in a care- 
fully planned raid. Among the raiders were 100 men used for 
this special purpose who were shifted along the front on 
special raiding missions. They went at it in a professional 
manner and had surrounded the Americans in No Man's 
Land in the course of the barrage but lost quite a number of 
their number, by shellfire from their own side. 

Captured and captors started for the German line as the 
barrage continued. A white tape ran along the ground 
through gaps cut in the wire. The leader of the party came 
upon the figure of a young German soldier fatally wounded. 
He lifted the boy over Safford's broad shoulders but on the 
rough shell-pocked ground Safford with all his strength could 
not continue. The wounded lad was laid on a blanket. Two 
German soldiers. Safford and House each took a corner and 
continued the difficult march. 

They now got within the French artillery's fire zone and 
in an effort to get through they increased their speed, dragging 
their burden through trench and shellhole. The boy shrieked 
and groaned. His bearers recognized the sounds of near 
death and bent over him. The boy opened his eyes and 
recognized Safford as an enemy and began to curse him. One 
of the Germans put his hand over his mouth and assured him 
that the Americans had been kind and had carried him. With 
a weak gasp he fell back, dead. 

While they were making their way back to a German dug- 
out, the captors made the discovery that they had secured no 
less a prize than two American officers of the rank of captain. 
They were highly elated and became almost tender as they 



led the way into a dimly-lit dugout recking with unwashed, 
perspiring soldiers. Here they were searched and then started 
back under guard through a village street to a concrete-walled 
chamber, where they came before a dozen immaculately groom- 
ed German officers. Before each, on a table, stood tall steins 
of beer. The two Americans were given a glass of water each. 

"Der Krieg ist Kaput" 

Another walk of two hours under guard of four soldiers 
followed. The latter sang occasionally and tried to talk to 
their prisoners. 

"Ja, der Krieg ist Kaput ! Ja ! Alles ist Kaput," they said. 

Constantly ran through the minds of the two officers plans 
and possibilities of escape, but they always went over roads 
bounded by stone walls. They passed through many villages, 
stopping at last in one before a large building where they 
entered. It was far past midnight. In a large room they 
found, seated around the walls, the French and American 
soldiers who had been captured with them that night. Some 
of them looked up and smiled covertly. 

Seated here for an hour or more Safford and House for 
the first time came mentally face to face with their situation 
and realized what had happened to them. For them the war 
was over. In low voices they told each other so, and they 
slunk in their chairs in dejection. Then Safford's hugh frame 
shuddered as he murmured, "My poor wife!" House, a 
bachelor, divided with him a half-cake of chocolate which 
the Germans had returned to him after the search. 

Soon Safford's mood changed and he burst into his hearty 
laugh, which is loud enough to shake the rafters. Fritz, who 
had led the party in out of No Man's Land and brought them 
here, heard the laugh and entered. He grinned and looked 
concerned, glancing at Safford's legs. Safford looked down. 
His wrap leggings were torn off by wire and his calves were 
bare. Safford grinned cheerfully and again "ha-ha-ed." But 
Fritz was seriously concerned and kneeling in front of Saf- 
ford, unwrapped his own puttees and put them on Safford's 
legs. The captain protested and tried to push the man away, 
but Fritz prevailed. He wanted his prisoner to do him credit 
like a German hauptmann. 

The enlisted men were taken out one by one and then 
Safford. An officer questioned him through an interpreter and 
he gave the brief information the two captains had agreed on. 
The Germans had a remarkably complete amount of informa- 
tion already, and with the assistance of this tried to trap Saf- 
ford into giving more without success. 

About 2 A. M. the captains set out under new guards, 
trudging steadily through the night toward the east. Toward 
dawn they came to the Rhone-Rhine canal and followed it 
north on the tow-path. Daylight found them in Mulhausen, 
20 miles from the place of capture. They were put in the 
Grozzherzer Friederich-Kaserne. The prison keeper met them 
in the cavernous corridor in front of dirty Italian prisoners 
of war who pressed forward to stare. 

"Ah-ha," said the jailer. "Chentlemens, gut morgen! 
You are weary, are you not. You will please to coom this 
way." He shook their hands. "You do me honor. Two cap- 
tains here I haf not before had. Und Americans. You are 
not injured? Ach, gut. That is nicely. Aber, you would like 
a little wash to haf, vielleicht? There is much blood." 

Proud of His Prisoners 

The jailer was much interested and apparently proud of 
his prisoners. He looked at Safford, "der grosser hauptmann," 
and said the soldiers declared that he had killed two Germans 
"mit his bare hands." He poured out two huge bowls of 
luke-warm liquid that he called coffee and apologized for it, 
but he said it was better than they had the year before. He 
also gave them "bread" that they could scarcely bite and chew. 
Noting their disappointment he got out from his hidden 
store in the cupboard a small tin of real honey, two ounces of 
which he could obtain secretly onee a week. 

House induced him to share the last of his cigarettes. 
He promised to secure more though they would be very ex- 
pensive and poor and a few cigars to smoke without wasting 
in a pipe. House traded his helmet for a fatigue cap, crudely 
made by a French soldier. They changed some of their francs 
into marks and obtained some comforts at the canteen. 



28 



Personal Narratives 



One thing that impressed the two Americans constantly 
in conversation were the signs of unrest and dissatisfaction 
among both civilians and military. That matters were not 
going well was reflected everywhere. These were the first 
whispers of the revolution which the kaiser escaped by fleeing 
to Holland. 

Safford and House were shown to their narrow cell and 
crawled, aching, on the bunks heaped with gray blankets, the 
foulest they had ever seen. An hour later Captain House 
awoke and found Safford seated with his coat across his knees 
at the window "reading" it. House found his own coat alive 
as well as the blankets and every article in the room, literally 
crawling -with vermin. On a bunk they found the following 
scrawl : 

"Descended with engine trouble 
Near Mulhausen, April IS, 1918. 
Left this bed of filth and misery 
August 20, 1918, 
For England, Love and Beauty!" 

It was signed by an English aviator. The officers pound- 
ed on the door and the jailer appeared. He would see what 
could be done and meanwhile would show them where to take 
their daily walks, and, if they wished, buy beer and schnapps. 

Captain House's own story of the stay in Mulhausen is 
replete with little instances of compelling interest in their 
daily life which makes too long a tale for these pages. 
Through it all one thought remained uppermost and was the 
great purpose toward which every effort was bent: "how to 
escape." The jailer made frequent allusions which gave the 
prisoners hope that he might be open to venal approach, but 
before anything came of this the two captains were suddenly 
removed from Mulhausen to Colmar by train. They were 
sorry to leave as they believed that they were making head- 
way in acquaintances which might be of value in an attempt 
to escape. 

At Colmar was every type of soldier prisoners, European, 
African and Asiatic, dwelling in close quarters. Safford here 
found one of his sergeants captured with him and an Amer- 
ican corporal of the 29th Div. taken in a curious manner near 
the scene of their own capture. This corporal had been taken 
in a quiet country lane three miles behind his own trenches. 
With two companions he had been set upon by a party of 
Boche. The other two were killed in the fight and he was 
overpowered. The Americans also found their old friend the 
Chasseur sergeant among the French. 

During this incarceration Safford and House were to go 
through the greatest ordeal of questioning that they had yet 
met. But it was much of a burlesque and the inquisition fre- 
quently took the form of political discussions in which the 
German officers strove hard to justify Germany's actions and 
to assert their belief in ultimate victory. 

Still the plans for escape went on among the prisoners, 
especially during the hours for "spatzieren gehen." Their 
hopes were stimulated at times by sounds of allied bombing 
planes, as the place was raided at night. Conspiracies to es- 
cape became more and more rife. Communication between 
i ifRcers and enlisted men was prohibited and conducted with 
difficulty, but at last a plot was hatched through a French ser- 
geant who had become a pal of the Chasseur sergeant. The 
latter had found a "petite poulet," he boasted, and she pro- 
vided him with a master key. The sergeant was to slip to 
their room after the last usual round of the night guard, un- 
lock their door, let them out, lock the door again and all were 
to get out of the building. 

Faithful Night Arrives 

The fateful night arrived. Safford and House could not 
contain themselves. They waited for the sound of the key at 
the appointed hour but it did not materialize. All evening 
there was a disconcerting and unwonted restlessness about the 
place. German soldiers walked about outside, restless pris- 
oners pounded on their doors for the guards. Lights out was 
passed but still the noises increased instead of diminished. 
At last the key was beard in the door, but it was withdrawn 
at the sound of someone approaching. This occurred more 
than once as the officers waited with pounding hearts. Finally 
a board creaked outside the door and the dim light showed a 
slip of paper coming underneath. This was the way they bad 
received their first instructions. By the light of a match they 



read that the key did not fit and it would be fixed in the 
morning. 

But the captains were not to try it again. Early next 
morning they were transferred, much disappointed, to Strass- 
burg, where they changed trains to go to the "gefangenen- 
lager" camp at Rastatt, Baden. It was a dismal place and the 
officers were jubilant when it was learned that it was a mis- 
take that they were brought there. They went back through 
town to the railway station and at midnight took the train for 
Karlsruhe. There, at 2 A. M., they were taken to what once 
had been the Hotel de l'Europe and placed in close confinement 
for four days in a small room. This was a most trying stay. 
It was found that all prisoners in this building were kept in 
close confinement. 

Further attempts at questioning were made, with certain 
pressure that made Captain Safford see red. However he 
was not lined up and shot but after an hour they were march- 
ed with about 40 other officers of mixed nationality to the 
gefangenenlager of Karlsruhe. 

Beside House limped another American captain, pale, 
sick and shivering in the late October weather. He had no 
hat and wore a suit of thin black which had been a German 
uniform of some kind before the war. The trousers reached 
barely below the knees, the sleeves to the elbows. The shoes 
were almost gone. He had no underclothing, shirt or socks. 
He had been taken prisoner while wounded and his last stitch 
of clothing taken from him. His wounds had been dressed 
with paper bandages and not changed for weeks at a time. 
His was not an exceptional case, especially among English 
prisoners. 

It was here at Karlsruhe that the prisoners first came to 
know the work of the American Red Cross in Germany, and 
it almost made them tearful. The two captains were almost 
ravenously hungry and the Boche food was increasingly re- 
pulsive. They almost cried over the first package of Red Cross 
hard bread and read the label of the American factory. The 
Red Cross also furnished clothing and winter was in the air. 
They exchanged their filthy summer clothing for wool under 
and outer clothing, overcoats, jerseys, shoes, towels, soap and 
shaving outfits. 

Life here was not entirely unpleasant now, but plans for 
escape went forward apace. Again the night air raids gave 
new hope. At the end of a week Safford and House became 
two of a party of 26 American officers who were transferred 
to the prison camp at Villingen, South Baden. En route on 
the train the officers were busy making surreptitious maps and 
one, emboldened by the absence of the German officer in 
charge who had fallen before the charms of a young lady in 
another compartment, tore part of a railroad map from a 
frame in the wall. 

On the way one American officer, Lieutenant Gates, a 
marine aviator, escaped through the lavatory window. He 
jumped safely with minor scratches and traveled for four days 
on foot toward Switzerland, finally reaching Constans. With- 
in a yard of the boundary fence he was captured and in a 
week was back at Villingen undergoing his three weeks of 
solitary confinement inflicted for such attempts. 

Always Plenty of Company 

The two captains always had the good fortune to be as- 
signed the same room and now they had a new roommate, 
Captain Sullivan, an Irish infantryman. There was also plen- 
ty of other interesting company among the prisoners of sev- 
eral months' experience. Across the hall was old Captain Ol- 
son, whose ship plying out of San Francisco, and Skipper 
Trudgett, also a master of a schooner from San Francisco, 
hacl been torpedoed by the German raider Wolf in the South 
Seas. These names are mentioned for particular reasons. 

Life here was well-ordered and with the Red Cross sup- 
plies quite endurable. The officers were able to buy cooking 
utensils and each one had his culinary duties assigned to him. 
There were movies, games and walks. Once there was an 
American funeral which the German commandant took pains 
to have as impressive as possible. 

News of the armistice came to the prisoners at Villingen, 
but not with a great deal of elation, as it was felt that the 
discomfiture of the Germans should be carried farther. How- 
ever, the prisoners thought that freedom would be theirs at 
once and this idea apparently was fostered by the Germans in 



Personal Narratives 



29 



command. The acquisition of souvenirs became the popular 
activity and every Fritz plied a lively trade. 

But as days wents by and no sign of freedom, the pris- 
oners became impatient. A meeting was held and Lieut. Col- 
onel Brown, an American, went to the Germans and proposed 
that if they could not transport them to the Swiss frontier 
that they would be permitted to walk. The prisoners would 
hire vehicles and pull the sick in the hospital with them. But 
the commandant would not consent. 

News filtered through about the progress of the revolution. 
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Council was in control and the ma- 
rines were taking possession everywhere. The guards were 
frightened. 

One cold morning the "appell" was sounded and the pris- 
oners gathered in the usual of assembly, the theater. Here 
they were addressed by a Boche colonel who tried to salve 
their feelings and made all sorts of mollifying remarks except 
the promise of immediate release. The prisoners became 
more determined and that afternoon held a mass meeting at 
the theater which worried the Germans. 

Next morning marines arrived in town and took posses- 
sion of the prison camp that night. They disarmed the gar- 
rison and re-established the guard with double the former 
number of sentries. The commandant was deprived of his 
insignia of rank and sent home a civilian after 40 years of 
military life. All rank was abolished but after a time it was 
discovered that one of the former lieutenants who had been 
shorn of all marks, appeared with shoulder straps. The ma- 
rines had to have someone to distinguish over the others. 

From somewhere the prisoners learned that the marines 
had no intention of delivering them. They were to be held 
as hostages for the satisfactory performance by the Allies of 
their promise of food relief. 

Safford and House made up, their minds that they were 
going to get out, and almost by sheer weight of determination 
alone, they succeeded. The prisoners wanted to get at least 
one man back to France to report the situation. 

While engaged in their morning "house work" the next 
day, Safford, House and Sullivan felt that this was their last 
morning in the lager. Putting on caps and overcoats they 
went out. It was cold and there was about two inches of 
snow. In their pockets they had stuffed black bread, tins of 
meat and other provisions. What to do was the question, 
when they thought of the "honor walk." It would be forming 
just then. Each prisoner had a card which he had signed in 
his possession promising that he would not escape. In pass- 
ing out to go for the walk he left this card at the gate and 
received it back on passing in. 

Walk Toward the Gate 

The walks had been suspended for a week but were just 
resumed. The first group had just passed out and the three 
captains with, no definite plan sidled toward the gate. Two 
other prisoner friends joined them, Lieutenants Ford and 
Schwartz, aviator and infantry officers, respectively. They all 
walked around the compound and then to the inner wire gate 
where the "walk" had gone out. The inner gate led to the 
inclosure surrounding the guard house and huts beyond which 
was a stockade and the main gate to the outside. 

The inner gate was locked habitually, but now it was ajar. 
Further fortune favored them in that no one saw them walk 
through into the forbidden enclosure and that this was empty- 
save for the lone sentry at the main gate and his back was 
urned. All other soldiers were hugging the indoors on account 
of the cold morning. 

The prisoners held a hasty consultation. House knew the 
most German. 

"Brace the guard gate," suggested Safford. "Tell him 
we want to join the bunch. Tell him they went earlier than 
they should. Tell him anything. Act mad — we'll all act mad." 

But the sentinel was not so easy and he did not under- 
stand all that was said. Two other prisoners heard the com- 
motion and came up. They were Lieutenant Converse of the 
air service and Skipper Trudgett. The protestors winked an 
explanation and the two joined in urging the guard. The 
latter waxed angry and nervous as the prisoners crowded 
around him. He shook his fist, ordered them back to the small 
gate and threatened to call out the guard. 

Just then the outer gate bell rang. The sentry wavered 



Safford and the others edged closer. The bell clanged again 
and the guard opened the gate a little. A great load of cab- 
bage stood waiting to pull in. Cabbage ! The lowly vegetable 
had been a part of their lives for so long and now was to do 
them an excellent turn. 

Safford, with great dignity (and force) urged the guard 
back, opened the gate wider and went through. All got out 
as the wagon went in and the bewildered guard did not 
know but what it might be all right. He was partly disarmed 
by the old and lame Trudgett, whom he knew could not hope 
to benefit by a break for liberty, and it must be as the pris- 
oners said that they were of the walking party that had left 
earlier. 

At first the prisoners felt a strong inclination to run for 
the woods a quarter of a mile away, the beginning of the 
great Black Forest; To the west lay safety, through that for- 
est. But between them and the forest were more sentry boxes 
with soldiers with loaded rifles. They decjded to walk non- 
chalantly, and they greeted each sentry with a "Morgen" of 
simulated chceriness. They walked faster when they dared 
and at last got to a bend in the road, the back of their necks 
almost painful with the feel of imagined gazes from the sol- 
diers. They looked back and saw they were not pursued. 

They fell into a fast stride, but the skipper could not keep 
up and he began to protest. It was then discovered that the 
old fellow had really believed the story given the guard at 
the gate, and that he did not know he had escaped with a 
party of jail-breakers. He said he never would have been 
"no party to no such damfool antics at his age" had he known, 
and that it was a " 'ell of a 'ole they 'ad popped him inter." 

Skipper Is Left Behind 

The old chap had to "be left behind with a promise from 
him that he would return to the lager in an hour, telling the 
story that he had become weary and left the party searching 
for the Honor Walk. Weeks after it was learned that he 
kept his word and it was four hours before the escape was 
discovered. The loyal old fellow was left standing in the 
road leaning on his stick and vigorously waving farewell. 

The only thought now was to put as many kilometers be- 
tween themselves and Villingen as possible and as quickly as 
possible, still keeping a wary eye. The road ran along a ravine 
deeper into the woods and into the high mountain country. 
The going became bad, however, with the snow balling under 
the feet. No one was encountered, but occasionally peasant 
people were sighted at work across the valley. At last the 
six stopped in a hidden spot for consultation. Three had 
food, the other three none, so, as it was unlikely that all would 
remain together, it was divided equally. Then — where should 
they go? 

Here Lieut. Ford's map torn from the railway coach at 
the time he had planed to join Lieut. Gates in his leap from 
the flying train came in handy. Also, Ford drew out a tin 
box and extracted a bit of soap. Cutting it in two, he dis- 
played a tiny compass. Now they were equipped, indeed. 

It is a question which portion of the escapade was the 
more exciting or trying to the mind and body, the battle and 
capture, or this flight through the Swarzwald, over the for- 
ested hills and valleys. Switzerland, while only a third as 
far away, was put out of consideration. The Rhine should 
be the goal. The French troops would be there already, it 
was certain. It was 40 miles in a straight line, but 60 by the 
winding roads. There were two things to fear — German 
troops and that the population had been notified by wire to 
be on the look-out. They would travel by night, and skirt 
around suspicious places. 

Eventually they began to meet civilians and German sol- 
diers. But the latter has a slow moving mind and after pass- 
ing several people successfully, confidence grew. They en- 
tered isolated country, with chalets perched on the steep hill- 
sides. At one of these, seeing only a woman and children 
about, they made bold to obtain milk and bread. The venture 
proved successful. Safford presented the two women with a 
bar of precious soap, and they were curtsied and bowed blush- 
ingly out. They set out refreshed. 

Suddenly a turn of the road brought 'them within a hun- 
dred yards of a village, and before the first house was a 
group of German soldiers. Scurrying back out of sight they 
climbed up the slope along the timber line several hundred 



30 



Personal Narratives 



feet above the village, circling it. 

It was hard, breath-taking effort in the soft snow. An 
hour of precious time was lost in the detour and much 
strength. Two of the six began to show signs of giving out. 
A military convoy approached in the road. Dark would soon 
be coming on and they decided to hunt a secluded spot, build 
a fire and warm and dry their soaked boots and socks. 

Climb to Empty Chalet 

Waiting a favorable moment they crossed the road to a 
little chalet high on the mountain side above them. It was 
empty. Blowing and panting from the climb they reached it, 
the first empty house they had encountered. It was getting 
dark and the wind was blowing harder and colder. But a 
fire was soon going in the porcelain stove in a back room. 
Then someone started with an exclamation. He was sure he 
saw German soldiers outside. There was a scampering, but 
no more signs appeared, and after nightfall the s : x set out 
again. 

They came to a large town and dared to enter. Passing 
men in the dark, they were surprised to find them soldiers. 
But a guttural "Nacht" was all. They did not know what 
town this was. All day they had been making for Furtwangen, 
the only place large enough to show on their map. But the 
disheartening conviction had come upon them that they had 
got; on the wrong road, and gave up the idea of finding the 
town. It was not an encouraging discovery then that this town 
was Furtwangen ! They were not nearly as far west as they 
had hoped to be by night. 

The steep hills on both sides argued against trying to go 
around the town, so they determined to take a chance and 
pass boldly by the soldier groups in^the streets. The passage 
was negotiated by avoiding the lighted sides of the streets, 
with only occasional questioning glances from the groups of 
soldiers. The hair on their necks tingled as they passed and 
it was a relief when they reached the dark outskirts on the 
other side. 

By 10 P. M., out on the road, the weaker ones had often 
lagged, and the others put them ahead to set the pace. They 
walked as fast as they could. Foot-sore and tired, Converse 
admitted he could go no farther. Like so many aviators, he 
wore riding-boots, and they were not made for this travel. 
He proposed that they leave him. 

Sullivan also was limping and the others tried to induce 
him to remain with Converse. A few weeks before he had 
been convalescing in a German hospital, and should not have 
started out. His case was bad. But would he stay? Not he! 
He would go on alone rather, as there were many miles left 
in him. They tried it again, but it was not long before the 
two ailing ones were lagging in the pain of swollen, blistered 
feet and aching legs. It was no use. They argued with Sul- 
livan, and at last told him that if he would not stay behind 
with Converse, all would stay. That got him. The four said 
goodby and left the two pounding at the door of a chalet. 
But there were soldiers in that house. They went on to an- 
other. 

Soldiers were coming at a fast pace from town. The four 
others had to hurry on out of sight. For more than two hours, 
higher and higher, they hurried, paying dearly for their speed 
later. Sullivan and Converse they did not see again, but weeks 
later learned that they had been retaken near Furtwangen and 
returned to Villingen, to remain to be brought out with all 
other prisoners through Switzerland. Sullivan spent much 
time in a hospital for his escapade. 

One o'clock saw the quartet out of inhabited regions and 
still mounting at a hard pace. They were very tired and lack 
of food was telling. The spells of rest became more frequent; 
they lunged rather than walked. Some made all too frequent 
visits to the running brooks. 

The next few hours saw them trudging on fighting against 
fatigue and sleep, and still the road went upward. The mind 
refused to work dependably at cross-roads. Some became 
querrulous. They were in a hard way. Then at last the per- 
pendicular climb ended, and the four took cheer and new heart 
at walking downhill. Toward daylight houses appeared again, 
and occasionally the upstairs light of an early riser. It was 
time the fugitives sought refuge for the day. 

With Captain House again as spokesman, they brought a 
woman to her window. 



"Wir sind hungrig. Wir sind vier. Wir haben wiel spazie- 
ren. Wir wollen schlafen,'' etc. But the attempt failed. 

They came to a village. Ah ! A church ! But it was 
locked. Without discussion, the four straggled back to where 
they had seen an inn. To make a long story short, they were 
soon in bed — four separate beds in one room — after engaging 
the sleepy proprietor in the tap room. In an hour House was 
wide awake. Strange noises. Going to a window he saw 
what appeared to be endless columns of German troops, every 
variety, marching past under streamers across the streets, 
bands playing and every man wearing a button bouquet. There 
was cheering, laughter and gayety. The victorious troops of 
the fatherland returning from their war ! House woke the 
others and they gazed on the spectacle. 

At noon a boy came to discuss the matter of food. They 
must come downstairs if they wished to eat. They did not 
wish to go down but dared not appear anxious to remain hid. 
Regaled by endless talk by the proprietor, during which he 
tried to gain information of his guests and learned that they 
were Americans, the four ate their fill. They made friends 
with the women from the kitchen and the peeking children. 
Having finished, they said they intended to remain in their 
room until about 6, when they would depart. But the proprie- 
tor told them that German troops were to billet the town that 
night and four sergeants would have that room. They would 
stay, then, until 5. 

Just then the kellner entered and announced that the 
troops had already arrived. Up the back stairs the four were 
led to their room, where they threw themselves into the beds 
without undressing, and feigned sleep. In half an hour the 
kellner entered, followed by four German noncoms. They 
looked about the room, appeared satisfied, then went out. In 
a few moments, footsteps again. The landlord and three 
German officers! 

In his written account. Captain House gives a detailed 
account of the minutes, or hours, as they must have seemed 
to the four quaking figures under the covers drawn to their 
chins. It is a long account, but he admitted himself that he 
could not recall positively what was said or done at certain 
times. As before, he did the talking, and he told the story 
they had often rehearsed. It seemed impossible that they 
should escape now, but it was just possible that these troops, 
just returning from the front and ignorant of all that had 
happened home, might swallow any tale. House told wild 
things about the revolution, the dread marines, and how he 
and his companions had been released and permitted to go if 
they wished to walk instead of waiting for transportation. He 
gave cigarettes. It worked. There was more parley. The 
officers rose, friendly now, bowed stiffly, clicked their heels, 
and walked out with this advice: 

"Hide from German officers. The rest of them are not so 
nice as we are." 

At the door another turned and said in French : 

"We will say nothing about you. It is not our affair — 
until 5 o'clock. Then — keep away from Gepman soldiers." 

German Sergeants Enter 

At 4 the quartet rose, bathed their swollen limbs and pre- 
pared for the road. Four German sergeants entered, went to 
a corner apart and arranged their effects. The kellner 
brought the bill. It was 18 marks — much too big. But House 
paid it and then discussed being given food, for they had no 
money left in marks. One of the sergeants walked over and 
looked at the bill, and burst out laughing. The others joined 
him. Had the "4 Amerikaner" actually paid that bill? They 
roared again and went back to munch their bread and sausage 
as the kellner came back with half a loaf of black bread and 
a dozen gnarled apples. One of the sergeants walked over 
and almost shyly slid four chunks of bread on the table as 
House was dividing the "hand-out" with his companions. 

The Americans offered the sergeants cigarettes, but had 
to prove that they had plenty more before they were accepted. 
One spoke a little French, another some English. They asked 
questions about the quartet's plans and then actually gave them 
what proved to be most valuable directions for making the 
Rhine bridge at daylight, and how to get across the bridge at 



Personal Narratives 



31 



Alt-Breisach, avoiding the city of Freiburg, which would be 
dangerous. The guard at the bridge would be small and "very 
careless" at that time of the morning, and the French would 
be at the other end. There was more advice, the Americans 
shook hands warmly and departed. They did not get out of 
the house, however, until they had been forced to go to the 
kitchen for "kaffee," and there SafTord parted with his last 
cake of soap. It was received with pats and sniffs of delight, 
and many curtsies. 

There were still 20 miles to be traversed before morning. 
That night will be passed over with a few words. The trav- 
elers themselves have not the clearest recollection of it. 
Eight miles were lost by mistake. Weariness cam back soon, 
although the rest helped much. The journey of steady tramp- 
ing became a nightmare. Only Safford seemed to be standing 
up under the strain without great apparent suffering, but his 
laugh was gone. 

For the others, detail became lost, and odd fancies filled 
the brain. Grotesque imaginings flitted before the eyes, but 
still they stumbled on. There were impressions of village 
after village passed, all decorated for the returning soldiers. 
There were numerous branching roads and they could not 
choose the right one. By midnight they were lost, going by 
guess. By 1 o'clock the pangs of the previous night came 
back redoubled, and the brain became numb. 

Schwartz Has to Cut Shoes 

Lieut. Schwartz had to cut and slit his shoes for his ever- 
swelling feet. At every halt he would work away, and then 
they would get painfully to their feet and start again. Lieut. 
Ford was suffering agonies from his boots, but he limped on 
with lips pressed tight, refusing to complain, except when he 
tried to get up after a stop. House's legs were also in bad 
shape and the halts did more harm than good. The men could 
hardly stand up straight. 

By 2 A. M. Captain Safford was supporting Schwartz, and 
continued to from then on. 

Dawn was beginning to show when an opening in the hills 
showed the fugitives the village of Alt-Breisach. A dense fog 
was rolling up the Rhine. That was a good omen for the finish 
of their adventure. Weariness fell off. A half-hour more 
would spell failure or success. They entered the town, meet- 
ing some early risers, but no one gave them heed. 

Luck was again with them in striking the right spot at the 
river, and suddenly through the fog came the challenge, "Halt !" 
Two figures loomed 30 feet ahead. House heard a guttural 
remark and took it to be a command for one to come for- 
ward for identification. He went, but his companions edged 
behind — strictly against custom and safety in such cases. 

Two German soldiers stood in the center of the bridge 
approach, before a low gate, barring the way. House put up 
a bold front. He motioned a command to open the gate. He 
answered who they were and became impatient. 

Safford, Schwartz and Ford edged to the gate near the 
rail. House understood their move. These two were not to 
stop them — for long. Probably the two understood equally 
well. One said something to the other about going to the 
guardhouse for the sergeant, but the other quickly detained 
him. He did not want to be left alone with four Americans. 
More words as the two looked at the three at the gate. Saf- 
ford's hands already were on the gate. The younger of the 
Germans murmured "Nein, nein," to his companion, and mo- 
tioned House toward the gate. He meant that they should, in 
Yankee talk, "beat it." They did. 

Sufferings ceased magically. They started across sprightly 
and were fairly running at the other end. Another gate and 
a challenge from the fog — in French. A bayonet stuck over 
a barrier at the hurrying four. The latter knew that dingy 
overcoat and casque ! As one they shouted, "Officiers Ameri- 
cains !" The poilu shouted a whoop of welcome in return, 
threw open the gate and received his Allies with open arms. 
Then he turned and ran, and they followed him to a wooden 
barracks, shouting boisterously to rout his comrades. There 
was laughter and clamor as a fire was built, and a feast began. 
The four were among friends indeed! 

After being feasted and fed Captains Safford and House 
made their way to Mulhausen and Belfort and the old front, 



visiting the spot where they were captured. They reached 88th 
Div. headquarters the first week in December at Gondrecourt. 



Shelled 



It was near the hour of midnight and a short distance 
behind the lines in the Alsace sector in France. The war was 
vet in progress. 

Two guards from Co. B, 350th Inf., were on a post just 
a short distance from the town of Hecken. Every one knows 
what orders were relative to smoking at night. The guards 
had been on the post for about two hours and it was time for 
"relief" to appear. After having walked the post for prac- 
tically two hours, the guards met and commenced to talk in 
an undertone. 

"D'you reckon that corporal of the guard has gone to 
sleep?" 

"Nawl That guy don't sleep— if he does, it is with one 
eye on his watch. He'll be here with relief all right." 

The last guard had no more than said this when some one 
was heard approaching, and they began to have anticipations 
of four hours' sleep, providing the "cooties" could be per- 
suaded to sleep also. The closer the noise approached, the 
more their expectations dwindled, for they soon made out 
that it was not the corporal of the guard with relief, but just 
one man who seemed to be the worse for having imbibed too 
freely in "vin rouge," for he was singing at the top of his 
voice and monopolizing the whole of the road. Of course, 
there was nothing for the guards to do but arrest him, since 
he knew nothing except that he was on his way to head- 
quarters, but he had no idea in what direction he was going, 
nor did he know the pass-word. He was stopped at the point 
of the bayonet. 

"Who are you?" asked one o'f the guards. 

"Can't youh see who I am? American sojer, of course!" 
the bibulous one replied. "I'm a runner, and I'm gom' to re- 
port to headquarters. Coursh I know where it is. It's in this 
direction som'ers. Gimme a match." 

"You don't get a match. Don't you know what the orders 
are about smoking up here? You would have the whole Ger- 
man army shelling us in an hour.'' 

"Sure that's orders, but I gotta smoke." 

Just then the corporal of the guard approached with re- 
lief, so the two guards and their prisoner were picked up and 
taken on the round to the other posts. It was probably at the 
second post that the prisoner decided he would smoke re- 
gardless of the consequences, so he produced a cigarette, and 
the guards said nothing because they knew he had no match 
and they forgot all about him and his cigarette, for he was 
quiet by now. Their consternation can easily be imagined 
when suddenly they saw a small light close to them. The 
prisoner had searched around in his pockets until he found 
one of those cigarette lighters of French manufacture, and 
he had worked with it until a light was produced. Of course, 
he immediately got a "bawlin' out" from his guardians. 

"Now, you drunken bone-head, we're sure to be shelled 
in a few minutes, and it'd serve you right if you'd get blowed 
into a million pieces. What yuh mean by strikin' a light here? 
It's you for the guard house for about six months now !" 

The longer the indignant guard spoke, the more penitent 
the man became, until he was almost on the verge of tears, 
and was looking upward with the intention of swearing never 
to smoke again, when suddenly he saw a star "shoot." He 
immediately began to quake, and as he sank to the ground, 
he moaned : 

"My Gawd! They're shellin' us now!"— E. F. Tuttle, 
Harrisonville, Mo. 



From a Buddy to a Buddy 

As a buddy to a buddy I will say "Hello" ! 

The 88th is here, as 'twas there, always on the go. 

Lots of pep, and right in step ! 

That's how we made them go! Amen. 

— Nicholas Garitz. Waco, Nebr. 



32 



Personal Narratives 



Escape of Lieut. Prichard 

On the afternoon of Saturday, Oct. 12, 1918, the company 
commander of our company (Co. D, 338 M. G. Bn.) informed 
me that I, as second in command of the company, would be in 
charge of a detachment from our company which would aid 
in the construction of a new trench line that night. That I 
was to report at battalion headquarters of the 2nd Bn. of he 
350th Inf. just before dusk. 

It seems that the infantry battalion commander and the 
French, who were still in the area, had conceived the scheme 
of straightening out the American and French line at that 
point. As the idea was explained to us at battalion head- 
quarters when I reported there two companies of the infantry 
battalion were to be in advance as combat patrols and that the 
other two infantry companies and the detachment from the 
Machine Gun Co. would construct the new trenches. The 
plan was to take over the enemy line of observation and make 
it our own and dig communicating trenches back to our old 
trench system. It was thought that the enemy line at that 
point was but lightly held. 

The commanders of the working parties with certain ser- 
geants and guides were to make a reconnaissance of the 
ground as soon as it was dark and the working parties were 
to come forward from the rear areas after dark under the 
command of junior officers and noncommissioned officers and 
join us after we had mapped out the work. 

The reconnaissance party was soon divided into two sec- 
tions as some of the officers had not eaten their evening meal 
and others had. Accordingly those who were ready to pro- 
ceed first started out in command of Captain House. In that 
party were two infantry lieutenants (whose names I have now 
forgotten), four infantry sergeants, Sergeant Bernard Flan- 
nery (of Minneapolis) of my own company, two French 
guides, and myself. 

We were led through a series of trenches and cross- 
trenches into which I had never before penetrated. I had 
come forward to the line but the day before and had spent 
my time familiarizing myself with the machine gun positions, 
fields of fire, etc., and consequently the territory we were then 
going into was all strange to me. Consequently I merely 
"tagged" along and asked no questions. 

After traversing a considerable distance through the 
trenches at length our guides led us out of the trenches into 
"No Man's" land. We moved along as silently as we could 
until suddenly a single shot rang out. Intense silence followed 
and then the artillery and mortars opened up. There were a 
series of flashes to our front; the earth shook, and the din 
was so terrific that we could barely think. We ducked into the 
nearest shelter, but in so doing our party was divided. 

Most of the party followed Captain House into a small 
dugout or "sap" which had two openings. It was small and 
there was barely room for us. It was almost V shaped. Be- 
sides Captain House and myself in the dugout were the four 
infantry sergeants and one Frenchman. The earth was shaking 
considerably and it was hard to make one's self heard but I 
did learn from Captain House that the remainder of our 
party had taken refuge from the bombardment in another hole 
near by. 

Germans at Dugout Entrance 

After some time, (how long I do not know) the barrage 
seemed to be somewhat lighter in our neighborhood and the 
French guide looked out of the hole. He imparted to us the 
information that a party of Germans were at the entrances to 
the dugout and immediately thereafter we heard a guttural 
"Aufl Auf!" from above. 

And "auf, auf" it was for us. They took us for British 
at first, but soon one sent up the shout "Americans". As we 
filed out of the hole I went out directly behind one of the 
infantry sergants. The sergeants, or at least some of them, 
had their rifles, but I had only my Smith & Wesson revolver. 
I was not prepared for an extended visit away from my bed- 
ding roll as I was traveling light. In addition I had on my 
person various articles which I did not wish to have the 
Garmans obtain — for instance my fire control rule, the new 
table from the ordinance department relative to the trajectory, 
angles of fall, etc., relative to the Browning machine gun, 
besides various other things that I would have left behind if I 



had known beforehand where I was going. When I ha 
started out that afternoon I had thought I was to be in charg 
of a night working party but did not surmise that that dut 
would call for my being out in No Man's land with a recoi 
naissance party. 

Consequently I did not know whether to commence gcttin 
rid of certain of my paraphernalia or hold onto it and tak 
my chances of getting away with it. The night was dark an 
cloudy. It was typically French also that it was damp an 
almost what might be termed misty. 

So, I filed out after the sergeant, I had no plans mad 
I was merely awaiting my opportunity. At the head of tli 
hole stood a Boche receiving our arms. I closed up behin 
the sergeant and as he was turning over his rifle I succeede 
in extracting his revolver from his holster with my rigl 
hand. When he reached for it the holster was empty and h 
was allowed to pass on. I handed over my own revolver wit 
my left hand and kept the sergeant's concealed on the otfu 
side of me. I was passed on. 

At that moment I seemed to be left quite alone. I coul 
not see anyone closer than about ten feet and I thought th; 
in the darkness and confusion that was my chance. I had fe 
of the chamber of the revolver and was satisfied it was loadei 
I saw a little opening to one side and headed for that, 
ducked and made it. I soon ran into some barb wire and ha 
to stop as I could not go forward or backward. I made mj 
self as inconspicuous as possible and waited. Soon I saw th 
party coming my way and I hugged the ground closer tha 
ever. 

As they passed by me I could distinguish our own me 
from the Boche by the silhouettes of their helmets again: 
the sky. They seemed to be keeping pretty close tab o 
Captain House as one of the Boche was escorting him, an 
it appeared as if he were held by the arm. This force 
Captain House out of the path of the others and as he wei 
by he stepped on me with both feet. I was glad it was li 
rather than some one else as they might have stopped to ir 
vestigate. 

As soon as the party had passed on I went back to th 
dugout to plan what to do. I did not know the country whei 
I was, nor did I know if the rest of our party had been take 
or not, and if they weren't. I did not know where they were. 

I had a small compass and had just determined to stai 
off southwest to what I had decided was the nearest point c 
our line when I was certain I heard some one call out i 
English, "I saw them right over there." I supposed it wj 
one of our patrols looking up our party and I started out. 

There about 25 yards away were about 20 or 30 men in 
group. But just as I was emerging from the hole I looke 
to the right and there within reaching distance sat a Boch 
but fortunately looking toward his companions. I held m 
breath (voluntarily or otherwise) and made it back into th 
hole without disturbing my caller. Soon the others cam 
over and stood around the hole, looked into it, etc., but nor 
came down to investigate. 

Runs Into Barbed Wire 

After they left I started for our own lines. My progres 
was slow and I was in no hurry as it was still early in th 
evening and I did not care if I did not get back to our ow 
lines before daybreak. I thought that the sentries might be 
little nervous and might shoot first and investigate aftei 
wards. Besides the ground there was cut up badly with she 
holes, barbed wire entanglements and old trench system: 
I had never encountered so much barbed wire before in all m 
life. 

About 11 o'clock I had gotten a little more than half wa 
back as I figured it when the Boche started shelling again. 
had been following an old trench line and I dropped into i 
I sniffed a time or two and thought I detected a foreign sut 
stance in the air. I thought it might be gas. I put on m 
mask and kept it on a few minutes and then tested for gas. 

I could smell something I didn't like, all right, so I ker. 
the mask on. Too, I thought I ought to keep on the watc 
so as not to be surprised again. So alternately watching an 
testing for gas I spent the remainder of the night. Alway 
I could smell that strange odor. 

About 4 A. M. as it was getting slightly gray in the eas' 
I thought "gas or no gas" I wouldn't wear that mask an 



Personal Narratives 



33 



longer. As it got a little lighter I discovered what it was I 
had been smelling. Right where I had been were two fresh high 
explosive shell holes and tangled up in the debris and partly 
covered with dirt were the bodies of either two or three Boche. 
I then knew what I had been smelling all night long. I ar- 
ranged a hiding place for the day in case I was compelled 
to spend the day out and waited for light. As the day dawned 
I recognised the old mill at Balschwiller, which I knew was 
within our lines. I made for it keeping in the old trench 
line where I could and the rest of the time along the ditch of 
an old road. 

When I got near the mill the first men I saw was a 
detachment from my own company. They were armed only 
with pistols and revolvers. When I asked them what they 
were doing there, etc., they told me they were my working 
party and were still looking for me. 

They were in command of Sergeant Maurice McKenna 
and had stuck to the front line trench all night through the 
bombardments. They had suffered two casualties, two men 
slightly wounded by flying shrapnel. 

About an hour after I returned the two infantry lieuten- 
ants, Sergeant Flannery and the French guide, who had be- 
come separated from the rest of us the night before when 
the first bombardment commenced, came into camp. They had 
not been discovered by the Boche and when daylight came 
they had made there way back to our line. — George W. 
Prichard, First Lieutenant Co. D, 338th, M. G. Bn., Onawa, la. 



The Corporal and the "Ghost" 

One evening while in our billet in France, in the little 
village of Longeaux, the boys of Billet No. 35 were sitting 
around the stove telling ghost stories. No matter what ghost 
story was told we had one corporal in the bunch, who would 
always say "I do not believe in ghosts and I never shall until 
I see and hear one myself." 

One evening after taps had sounded and we were all in 
our bunks this corporal, who bunked next to me, started to 
brag about how brave he was and that he was not afraid to 
go to places supposed to be haunted. I thought of a plan that 
would entertain the boys of the billet, so I started to tell him 
that I did not believe in ghosts either, but I heard that the 
woods just north of our billet was haunted, and on certain 
nights one would hear strange noises and see ghosts. So I 
suggested that he and I go to the woods some night and find 
out if there was anything to the story. He spoke right up and 
said "Sure we will go up ! I will not believe in ghosts until 
I have seen one." He also went on to tell how he had often 
proved that certain places that people thought were haunted 
were only a farce. So I said "All right, we will go up some 
time." 

The next day I fixed it all up with the rest of the boys, 
and told them I was going to prove to them that Corporal 
"Blaze" was afraid of ghosts, even if he said he was not. 

Before I go on with the story I will have to tell you how 
the scene was laid. The woods were very dark at night as 
most of us know. A stone wall surrounded the woods and in 
several places the wall had tumbled down, leaving openings 
so one could pass through. There was a path running through 
the center of the woods, which led to an old stone cave, that 
probably had been built in the year 12 B. C. It was a very 
dark, gloomy place. Just to the rear of the cave, but on the 
outside of the stone wall, was a hill that was very steep. Co. 
B and Co. K of the 350th Inf. will know exactly the location 
of the hill as Co. K's kitchen was at the foot of the hill. 

I stationed about five of the boys of my billet in the woods 
behind trees and stone walls and I took one of our white bed 
sacks and was going to be the ghost. I stationed myself about 
half way up the hill. On this particular evening that we 
planned this I had to tell Corporal "Blaze" that I had to go to 
the orderly room and help the "Top Soak" with some work 
that he had to do. (Did I say the "Top Soak" had to do 
some work? Well, I did not mean that. I meant I was going 
to do the work for him.) I told "Blaze" I was sorry I could 
not go with him but for him to tell me what they would see 
and hear. So I left the billet early and stationed my men 



and myself and had it all fixed with the rest of the boys to 
bring "Blaze" to the scene. 

It was a moonlight night but very dark in the woods, 
the boys were tipped off to flash a flash-light when they were 
approaching the woods, which was to be our signal that they 
were nearing the woods. As they started to enter the woods 
one of the stationed men began to pound on an old wooden 
pail and a very dull noise came from it. Then he would stop 
and another one would begin to make a noise on some kind 
of a pan or kettle in another direction. They kept this up for 
a short time and then all was silent. Old "Blaze" was stand- 
ing still as a mouse in the center of the woods still brave, 
however, although the boys were sure his knees were trem- 
bling. They coaxed him to go a little closer to the cave, which 
he did. When he was about 100 feet from the cave, I rose 
up from my lying position, with this white sheet in front of 
me, and started down the hill toward the cave. At first when 
he saw me he wanted to run, but the boys did not think it 
best to let him go yet so they said "Let's stay and see what it 
does." As I was coming down the hill toward the cave and 
the boys, Old "Blaze's" nerve was giving out, but he held his 
breath until I reached the stone wall. From where he was 
standing he could not see the opening in the wall which had 
tumbled down and as I came through the opening with this 
white bed sack in front of me I stepped on it and tripped 
and fell on the rocks causing them to fall away some more 
and made a terrific noise. When the rocks began to fall it 
was too much for Old "Blaze" and he started. No one could 
beat that old race horse. He reported to the sergeants' bil- 
let ; told them how the ghost came through the stone wall. 
This is the way he said it : 

"Why ! when that ghost wanted to come through that 
stone wall he just shoved it down." 

By the way, this wall was about seven feet high and two 
feet thick. But of course he did not know that I was lying 
there on the rocks rubbing my elbows and knees that got 
bruised from the fall. 

Later on the sergeants were all put wise and they brought 
him back to the scene and this time he was not so brave but 
said "I will go as far as the next one will go, but I will not 
go alone." So they brought him back and he was trembling 
all over but they succeeded in getting him just inside of the 
woods. Then tht sergeants began to search for me but of 
course could not find me. I placed myself in the cave, this 
time, and they kept coaxing him a little closer to the cave and 
I waited until he got rather close then flashed a flash-light 
through the white bed sack and "Blaze" was off again. No 
one could stop him until he got to the billet. 

I came in later and here the boys were all sitting around 
a cold stove telling what they saw and they told me that 
"Blaze" now believes in ghosts. I said to "Blaze" : 

"What was there to it?" and he said "I now believe in 
them." After we told him the joke, and had a good laugh, 
he wanted to get peeved at me, and I. told him that we were 
entertaining the boys for the evening, but still he was going 
to get peeved but the boys laughed him out of it and told him 
the story would not get into any books so the folks back home 
would know how brave he really was. The story spread fast 
and we never did hear the end of it: — Corp. R. P. Burfening, 
Co. B, 350th Inf., Fargo, N. D. 



Trooper had Enough 10 Miles Away 

The bombardment on the night of Oct. 12-13 gave the 
men of the Division their first taste of modern high explo- 
sives with their terrific bursts, frequency and noise. It could 
be heard and seen from every portion of the sector of 200 
square miles of territory. Far off at the Division P. C, Mon- 
treux Chateau, men of Headquarters Troop gathered on the 
viaduct of the railroad to watch the great flashes in the sky 
and hear the explosions which even at that distance gave a 
thrill of terror. 

"That's enough for me," said one, "I've seen all I want 
of that! I don't want to get any nearer!" 
And he was ten miles away ! 



34 



Personal Narratives 



How Capt. Brethorst Met His Death 

(Mr. Janousek was asked to tell something about the night 
he got wounded and how Capt. P. V. Brethorst, Lennix, S. 
D., Co. F, 350th Inf., received the wounds from which he died. 
Brethorst was teaching school in Wisconsin or Minnesota 
when we entered the war and he was a reserve officer instruc- 
tor at the first officers' training camp at Ft. Snelling. It is 
safe to say no one chafed more at the long delay in sending 
the 88th Div. overseas, and though he often said he did not 
believe he would come back, he had a real anxiety lest he 
should never see the trenches after all. Much has been said 
about the events of the night when he received his death 
wounds, but little is said about his heroic and unspectacular 
service just behind the lines trying to save his men, who were 
armed not with guns and bayonets, but with picks and shovels. 
For his company was going out to dig new trenches in No 
Man's Land. Captain Brethorst was terribly wounded, his 
back being badly torn, but he survived several days and until 
the end kept up a brave and smiling front although he knew 
his early intuition had been true — that he would never come 
back. As his friend I am glad to pay what honor I can to his 
memory. — E. J. D. L.) 

It was the 12th day of Oct., 1918, that I got wounded 
while marching up to the front. This happened I should 
say, between half past 8 and 9 o'clock in the evening, but why 
we were marching up to the front for we didn't know and 
I don't know to this day. It was just before SAipper that 
Captain Brethorst said for us to fall out right after supper 
with light packs and intrenching tools, and he also told us 
to fasten our leggings so that in case we had to run they 
wouldn't come down. 

When we got to a village about a mile from the front. 
he halted us and we stayed there for an hour or more before 
we continued our march, and when we got out of this village 
about 80 rods the Germans opened fire on us. Then Captain 
Brethorst gave us orders to get under cover the best we could, 
which we did, and weren't very slow about it, either. I was 
a corporal and there was one of my boys that didn't get hit. 
and he died of fright. I don't remember his name for he 
wasn't one of my boys until that night when he was put in 
my squad for replacement. 

Captain Brethorst gave us orders to get under cover, but 
he didn't do that himself. He kept pacing back and forth all 
the time just in back of us from where the shells were com- 
ing. The reason I know that it was he is that I heard some- 
thing in the grass and I looked back and saw somebody there ; 
and it was just light enough to see his shining leggings and 
the size of the man. I knew that it couldn't be anyone else 
for he was the most heavy set of the officers. He wandered 
so far away that I didn't see him when he got hit, but at the 
time I thought something had happened to him, although I 
couldn't tell until I got to battalion headquarters, where one 
of the lieutenants told me that our captain was wounded. 

Well, I haven' told you yet where I was hit. I got a 
right fractured forearm and two more scratches on my arm 
and one on my right hip. I am not much of a writer as you 
see, or I would write more about myself and the rest of the 
boys I know. I could tell you more than I can write. — Char- 
lie Janousek, Brookings, S. D. 



SERGEANT GETS HIS CHANCE TO REVENGE DEATH OF 
BROTHER IN BATTLE OF YPRES 

You all know how, when and where as to the coming to 
France and the going. Yes, as far as Byans you all know the 
coming. Byans, near Hericourt, 40 kilos from Belfort, is where 
my little storv begins. 

"Sept. 18, 1918— (So reads my little diary). I see the 
first signs of the coming storm. A couple of German air- 
planes and the French 75's trying to reach them. But we are 
having a problem ; no time to watch the little puffs of smoke 
form about Fritzie. 

"Sept. 19— (So says the little book again). VOLUN- 
TEERS FOR THE FRONT. I am amongst the lucky ones 
to get REVENGE! A spark that has burned since the fatal 
report of Aug. 6, 1917, when an American lad garbed in the 
uniform of the R. F. A. (Royal Field Artillery) of England 
fell mortally wounded in Valtinghe, Ypres. This lad was my 
brother." 



Well, to make a long story short, we went loaded into 
trucks; we pulled out. On our way to the front we passed 
several units which consisted, I was told, of the 29th Div. We 
stopped for a short time at a wayside cafe where the French 
had to have a touch of vin rouge ^before going on. As one 
of the units passed us some of our boys laughed at the Hob 
Nail Express going by and began to recite the "Charge of the 
Light Brigade," when one of the Gold Brick Stragglers butted 
in with "Laugh, ya bloody recruits, wait until you're coming 
this way, then ya'll laugh — like h'us !" 

Well, we landed at Dannemarie. "Fall in. Throw away . 
your fags, no smoking. No talking. No falling out till orders 
to do so !" 

It was a drizzly, foggy night. All the way the glares were 
showing themselves. Often what seemed to be heat lightning 
would light the heavens and the deep roll of distant cannon 
was heard. Well, we were in for it all right. More than one 
thought of HER and wondered what she could be -doing. We 
finally came to the journey's end. Frenchmen ran here and 
there. Soon came my turn. Lieutenant Carpenter of our com- 
pany was our battalion commander. 

"Corporal Johnson, you will be in charge of the guard 
tonight," were his orders. 

I mumbled a "Yes, sir," but my heart was just hitting on 
one cylinder. So we were led to our stations. The^ French 
adjutant pointed out ahead. All he could say was ^Boche," 
then pointing in another direction again he said "Boche." 
Then he left us. 

Well, after waiting for what seemed months, daylight 
came and our first night in the front line was to remain in 
our memories forever. Our first night in the front line ! 

It was not until the 21st of September that we knew what 
a Whiz Bang was or the real whistle of the 77's as they went 
over our heads, and not until the 29th of September that we 
had any reason to throw a grenade or fire a shot. In the 
afternoon of that day a French soldier of the 38th Div. in- 
fantry of France said that on the previous night the French 
had taken a prisoner and that the latter had said that a raid 
was to be pulled off the coming night. You can well imagine 
our surprise when they pulled most of the boys out of the 
second line and left eight men and a non-com (corporal), 
which was myself, to hold the front line. 

Everybody was on their toes as soon as darkness began 
to settle. About 9 o'clock the first grenade was thrown by 
Pvt. Emmet W. Smith of Elmira, N. Y., who figures again in 
my story somewhat later. (I guess every rat was killed that 
night, as we never saw any more after that.) 

Oct. 4 in broad daylight two French sentinels were taken 
prisoners, and that night we were scheduled for patrol. The 
first French-American patrol of the 88th Div. went out at 8 
o'clock that night. The Americans were Corp. Elmer G. John- 
son, Hibbing, Minn., and Pvt. Floyd M. Hammer, Wetglaize, 
Mo., and Emmet W. Smith. Leaving our lines at 8 P. M. with 
six French soldiers and a French adjutant of the 38th Div. 
we got over the wire entanglement to make our plans. 

When we started we had an interpreter, but somehow he 
got lost or became confused and returned to the P. C. But 
with the French adjutant in motion and "Wee, wee," we found 
to our surprise that we three were to lead the patrol at 100 
paces and 30 paces apart from each other. Being Yanks we 
said "Wee, Wee," and off we went. 

At 11 P. M. we were to hear the two whistles to return 
to the tree which was our reference point. But time sped on 
and no signal came. It had rained for two hours and it sure 
was a "mess" of a time. Hammer, having a wrist watch and 
seeing that it was 12 o'clock, crept in from his place and he 
and I returned to the tree, whistled for Smith and left for our 
lines, where, after a half hour of whistling, Smith came. "Pa- 
trol," said Smith. "Hell, the Kaiser in Berlin could hear the 
French talking while we were out there." "Twas the "Patrol 
pas bon," as the French called it. 

Well, the 38th French Div. bunch left us and we got a 
French second "looey" down in the trenches one day. (He 
had just got out of school.) He was only about 40 years old. 
He wanted us to clean out the trenches and take away the 
logs which were lying over the top. But those logs were too 
good to be taken away and they remained there. 

Oct. 5 we waited all day with our eyes scanning No Man's 
Land trying to locate the "Boche officer" who was to appear 



Personal Narratives 



35 



with a white flag as a truce was to be called. " He never came, 
although he blew a bugle all the afternoon. 

On Oct. 7 our company came up as we were going back 
for "rest." But the French major at Hagenbach said, "As 
you were !" After lying all night on a cement floor we hiked 
back again to out company, which had gone up to the front. 
We hiked 10 kilos for one night's rest on a cement floor! 
* ?! * 

Between the 7th and 18th of October our company sent 
out several patrols without success, even going so far as to 
enter the German front lines. Oct. 16 I went to Hagenbach to 
act as a guide for 101 men who were returning from the hos- 
pitals. Adjutant Lieut. Slaughter, (Ottumwa, la.) forbade 
us to leave until after dark. Thanks to his good judgment. 

Oct. 18, Co. I, 351st Inf. received a "Baptism of fire." I 
had been kept in reserve to see that we got our share of the 
rations and was returning when a couple of hand-grenades ex- 
ploded. Then H — 1 tore loose. This is where 1st Lt. James 
H. Taylor, University Place, Nebr., showed his mettle by 
making the platoon's front line under a heavy barrage fire. 
(Such a man should and was worthy of a Special Mention to 
Headquarters, but he never got it.) Also, one Pvt. John Van- 
der Linden of Bussey, Iowa, who offered his services and did 
escort Sgt. Elmer G. Johnson to Post 58B where the sergeant 
had never been before. Credit must also be given to one Pvt. 
Otto Malmind, Brandon, S. D., for finding another private, 
who as Malmind said, "had 'buck fever.' " And when the 
private asked Malmind if he should load his gun, Malmind 
replied, "No, you might kill somebody !" But that is not all. 
Later when the lieutenant questioned him as to what he had 
done with the forlorn private, Malmind said, "Ay yust pushed 
him in the platoon's toilet so he wouldn't get hurt !" 

On Oct. 26 we were helping the 313th Eng. in reconstruct- 
ing when I called upon Post 58A of Co. I, 352d Inf. and 
found the automatic post carried but one round of cartridges 
to its post. They soon got more and the 31st of October they 
were very handy. 

My story is about completed. Only one more incident: 
Our captain lost 1,900 francs on our hike from Hagenbach 
to Evetta near Belfort. Would the finder have a heart? No- 
body found it ! But you've got me guessing as to where all 
the "crap money" came from later on. 

I am also enclosing a list of the boys who did duty the 
first night and the second night, Sept. 20 and Sept. 21, 1918, 
according to my diary : 



First Night 



1st Post Co. K. 
Stone, H. V. 
Vandergone, G. 
Hanson, Al. 
Wells, Okey 
Worthington, L. 
King, Oscar 



2d Post Co. I. 
Morris, Melvin 
Peterson, Harry 
Smith, Emmett 
Hastings, H. L. 
Hepner, Edward 
Hebbing, G. A. 



Corporal of the Guard — Elmer G. Johnson 
Countersign — "Duvera." 

Second Night 

Post No. 1 Vandergone Post No. 4 Hastings 

Worthington Smith 

Post No. 2 Wells Post No. 5 Stone 

Hanson King 

Post No. 3 Hepner Post No. 6 Morris 

Hebbing Peterson 

— Elmer G. Johnson, Sgt., Co. I, 351st Inf., Hibbing, Minn. 



He Thought up the Cloverleaf Insignia 

Credit for originating the 88th Div. "Cloverleaf" insignia 
belongs to Corp. Robert J. Fitzgerald, Co . A^ 3 38th M. G. Bn.. 
of Kankakee, 111. While the two Figuj^JraJform a Maltese 
cross it is the resemblance of the djgpSSJMltir-leafed clover 
that gave the Division its apwmniwn (Jlftne "Goverleaf Di- 
vision." The title was a^fifttngflnpnTCnion to an earlier nick- 
name of the "Luck|^K»V^Wnch had doubtful origin and 
was even more wuotpity appropriate. The question of 
whether the 88th hijira "lucky" history depends entirely upon 
the point of view. 



The Flu-Fighting Ambulance Company 

I respectfully dedicate this little story to my officers and 
comrades who did their bit in the World War, willingly and 
without complaint. 

After many months of hard drilling and training in one 
of Uncle Sam's huge cantonments, across the Big Pond, 
through several rest camps and a couple of box-car rides, 
the 349th Ambulance Co. found itself close enough to the 
Great European War to hear the boom of the big guns of 
the contending armies; one fighting for the extension of 
territory, greed and lust, the other to "make the world a de- 
cent place to live in." 

So there we were, billeted in a French town called 
Chavannes-sur-1' Etang, up in Alsace-Loraine, expecting in 
a few days to become a cog in the mighty allied army. 

Well, one morning after we had been in this town a 
couple of days we fell out for morning roll-call, as usual. 
After reporting the company "all present and accounted for" 
(when I knew that more of them were asleep in the billets 
than were in line), the captain made the announcement that 
we were to proceed without delay to Belfort, France, where 
we were to open and maintain a hospital. 

His words almost dumfounded us. We, a company 
trained for field work and just aching to smell a little of 
the Fritzies' gas and hear the whine of his shells, to beat it 
back to do the work of women and Base Hospital men 1 

Well, duty is duty, so we all cut out our crabbing and 
made the best of the trick Fate had played on us. The next 
day found us busy as a lot of ants, getting the place ready 
for a lot of patients we knew were coming in a few hours. 

The place we were to mold into a hospital was originally 
built for a French army post. It had also been used as a 
hospital at one time and the equipment was still there. The 
post was composed of about 16 gray stone buildings. Six 
we used as wards, the others we converted into the kitchen, 
quarters for the men, office, officers' quarters, store room and 
morgue. 

Now here are the cold facts, with all the "boost" left 
out, that some of us soldiers are gifted with: In 18 hours 
after we had arrived our company of 117 men and three 
officers had cleaned up and put up about 14 stoves, carried 
from the storehouse, a distance of about 300 yards, beds, 
linen, blankets and other ward equipment, to completely equip 
one of the wards which would accommodate 114 patients. 

That afternoon, not quite 24 hours after we had arrived, 
the ambulances started coming in, but we were ready and 
waiting. These ambulances were filled, not with wounded 
men from the front, but with the poor boys of the 88th Div. 
who were stricken with the terrible Spanish Influenza, which 
we were all so well acquainted with. That night as the bugle 
bio wed taps at Hospital Rethanns (that was the name the 
French had given it) its clear notes were heard by about 60 
sick boys, tucked into warm beds by the lads of my company, 
the 349th Ambulance. 

Well, from that time on until we were relieved by the 
351st Field Hospital some four weeks later, it was work, and 
hard work, ior everyone of us, from the captain down to 
the last buck private. Every day we opened up new wards, 
until we were caring for about 650 patients. In the days 
that followed we who had so reluctantly laid aside our steel 
helmets and driver's gloves for the hospital gown and mesh, 
fought the old Flu to a standstill. We, who were ambulance 
drivers and mechanics, became hospital orderlies and me- 
chanics. 

When we first started of course we did not have much 
of a system and things were in a sort of jumble for our train- 
ing had been for field work, not base hospital. Before many 
days rolled by things had got to going pretty smoothly, and 
ambulance drivers had become expert in taking temperatures 
and giving salts, and we had talked our chief mechanic into 
taking charge of the morgue. 

One incident I will never forget happened as I went 
through the wards to see how the ward sergeants were getting 
along. Coming out of a ward into the hall I found one of 
the boys sorting some soiled linen. He looked up and said, 



36 



Personal Narratives 



"Say, Sergeant, I came over here to drive an ambulance; 
now look at me, working day and night in a base hospital ; 
but I guess I'm doing my bit, so I won't kick." That was an 
example of the boys who pulled many of the lads back from 
the clutches of the old Flu. 

Everj' morning during our stay at the hospital, it was 
we Medics, in the doughboy fashion, who shouldered a gun 
and slowly followed a wagon draped with the American and 
French flags bearing the bodies of American soldiers whose 
great adventure had ended, not on the field of glory by the 
Hun bullets, but by that terrible disease, the Spanish Influ- 
enza, which claimed so many all the world over during the 
winter of '18. 

Those poor boys we laid to rest far from their native 
soil in a little French graveyard in Belfort, France, were 
buried in true American style, their coffins draped with Old 
Glory, a few words by an Afherican army chaplain, the three 
volleys, and lastly the bugle call taps. 

After a few weeks of work as a base hospital unit we 
were relieved and told the next day we would leave for the 
Toul front, where we would have at last seen action. 

The morning of Nov. 10, 1918, found the Flu Fighting 
Ambulancers at Lagney, France, a few miles from the Big 
Show, and the next day we were to go in. Well, we all know 
what happened the next day, one of the greatest in the his- 
tory of the world ; the Armistice was signed. 

So Fate had cheated us again from work on the front. 
but I think we had done our bit, just the same, don't you? 
— 1st Sgt. Wm. C Ronaldson. 349th Ambulance Co., 313 San- 
itary Train, 1100 Adams St., Denver, Colo. 



tt 



Remember?" 



Refreshing the memories of buddies in Co. C, 339th Ma- 
chine Gun Battalion. — By F. B. Schwack: 

Remember any of these? Bcvo? Maudass 2:08'i? 

Goldie the Horse Jocky? Vin Rouge and Vin Blanc Twins? 

Slick? Speck? Boom? Get the boom and sweep the woom? 

Toothless Jerry? Judge Alton B. ? Pinkey? Thoity-Thoid 

Avenoo and Thoity-Foist St. dog robber? Van? Ike? Sgt. 

Lantz? Snake 'em off Lloyd? Fritz? Diddle? Ma Crosley? 

Dollie? The Runt? Rum Hound? Onion Face? Overdick? 

Gunboat? The Ostrich? Petit Mechanic? Allie Allie Jim? 

Battle of Loop Run? Charge on Rum Hill? Dynamite? 

Sears Roebuck? Little Company 'tenshun? 

Remember when Boom made that famous speech : "Come on 
Joe"? Eh? 

Remember how Dynamite had Schneider hold that Goat at 
Camp Dodge? Eh? 

Remember how Lieutenant Swan had his platoon chopping 
wood while on Alsace front, Eh? Enough wood 
for the French Corps that relieved us. 

Remember how Lieutenant Clancy poured that glorious cog- 
nac out of Schriefer's canteen on the memorable 
hike to Bessancourt? An iron man for a drop of 
it now, Eh? 

Remember how we made those 35 kilometers, pulling carts, 
equipment and ammunition by hand on only one 
dry bread bacon sandwich, and in nine and one- 
half hours? Eh? You thought you was'a jackass, 
a mule 'nvrything, but you wasn't, you ain't, and 
will not be, because you are a Yank and World 
War Hero. 

Remember the latrine dope, seventh hole, when do we go 

home, inspections, etc., etc., Eh.? 
Remember the Eau Portable fountains, all the frogs kneeling 

down ready to jump in the pool, but you found out 

that they were only washing clothes. Remember 

the guard-house lawyer? Eh? 
Remember when top kicker McDonald said "Hey you funny 

face, what is your name?" Eh? 
Remember how hard you tried to find out how Gunboat Smith 

could get so many blankets issued, Eh ? 
Remember when we hung out the last shingle "Old Latrine?" 

Eh ? 

Remember that school at St. Joire? Eh? 



Remember them carrots, Eh? Mess-hound Waddick was not 
to blame. 

Remember that pit-pitter-patter-pat that lullabicd you to sleep 
each night, Eh? 

Remember the first ride in 40 Hommcs shoveout 8? Eh? 

Remember when you joined the A. E. F. O. F. Lodge? Amer- 
icans Exploring France on Foot. Eh? 

Remember how you wondered why Buckley was only a cor- 
poral? Eh? 

Remember the time we were to see the first American Girls 
in a show how we fixed up the barn for theatre, 
hay-mound for stage? Remember how you cleaned 
and shaved up that time? Do you do it now? And 
remember that about all the girls did do is, sang, 
"Homeward Bound" song that we knew so well? 
Eh? 

Remember Nolan and his "Rocky Road to Doublin"? Eh? 

Remember how Gregory and Parker cornered the market on 
francs? Eh? 

Remember at Gondrccourt when Black-jack inspected you? 

He stopped two inches from you, looked at you 

and you did not see him? Why didn't you look 

at him? Eh? 
Remember when Sallese went to Orderly Room with full pack 

and wanted a pass to Italy? Eh? 
Remember when Sergeant Yates said "Lookout, I am coming 

out." He did and was crocked for a goal by the 

guard ? Eh ? 
Remember that drum corps we had at Chassy? Eh? 
Remember that billeting officer of ours when we pulled into 

rest camp at La-Chappelle-Chea-Poop? Eh? 
Remember the swell chicken dinner Xmas 1918? Six chickens 

for 154 men, then somebody stole six more from 

"ncversmile" and we had to chip in une franc, 

cinquate centimes, for them? Eh? 
Remember how Corn Willie paid us a visit Thanksgiving, 

1918? And remained for dinner? Eh? 
Remember how hungry the fish were or must have been on 

way home? Eh? 
Remember the cribbage fiends? Eh? 
Remember the famous expressions: Cigarett? Shokolaat? 

vollez vous promenade avec mwa? Oola-la, wee, 

wee? Zig-zag? Zig-zig? Beaucoup malade? and 

remember how they put sugar on the beans to 

make them toot sweet ? Eh ? 
Remember how pickled you got on your furlough? You 

thought frogs charged you too much. Can you 

get pickled for that money here ? Eh ? 
Remember the Rhesus? St. Charles? Pastores? Eh? 
Remember how Captain Tyschen admonished us against those 

French girls, to remember the girls we left behind 

and how he himself got married with first girl he 

met ? Eh ? 
Remember how economical Sergeant Boom was? Could you 

get a shirt? Trousers? Leggins? Hell no, but 

can you get them for nothing now? Eh? 
Remember how you worked off vour poll tax on frog roads? 

Eh? 
Remember the "Fall out one, two and three" but you didn't 

fall out, you just turned and run like a deer? Kb? 
Remember how the dog "Trondes" stood reveille and retreat 

each day ? Eh ? 
Remember how the Y. M. C. A. served you hot drinks, choco- 
late and doughnuts at the front? Eh? 
Remember Caruso Beck? Eh? 
Remember how Kendall was finishing his one-mile relay? He 

looked like a hobo running out from railroad 

yards ? Eh ? 
Remember that parade at Camp Dodge? Eh? 
Remember when you got that discharge paper? Eh? Well 

the dog is sending each and every one his best 

wishes and regards. 



Personal Narratives 



37 



An October Morning "Strafe" 

My experience on the morning of Oct. 31, 1918, is indeed 
an interesting memory to me, and may be to other members 
of the Division. As I recall it the morning was damp and 
foggy. After my usual inspection of the posts I left Sergeant 
Swanson in charge of the platoon and went down into my 
dugout for a little rest. 

All was quiet until about 9 o'clock when a barrage opened 
and the gas alarm was given. The shells were dropping pretty 
thick around my P. C. but after making sure that there was 
no gas I took off my mask and tried to discover what was go- 
ing on. 

One of the boys at the nearest post (Private^ Larson) 
was unlucky enough to be in the way of a shell which shat- 
tered his arm and broke his leg in two places. Fortunately 
for the rest of us his shell turned out to he a dud. A corporal 
nearby had his coat tail and the butt of his rifle trimmed off 
and was quite excited until he recovered the wounded man's 
gun and found it in working order. 

I got in the way of a bit of H. E. myself, which plowed 
through the side of my neck. I felt no pain at the time but 
was a little inconvenienced by the blood until one of the boys 
helped me tie on my first aid bandage. 

I was quite concerned about the advanced posts so sent 
one of the corporals out to see how they were getting on and 
to help them out if necessary. Also sent a runner back to 
company headquarters with the word that we were being 
shelled but were holding our position. 

Both got through safely and in the meantime Sergeant 
Swanson succeeded in getting our wounded man back to the 
dressing station, with the aid of some machine gun men who 
happened to be resting at our P. C. at the time. 

In passing along our line of resistance I found every 
man at his post ready to do his part when he got the chance. 
The barrage lasted but a short time. When it lifted we dis- 
covered that our front line had been left untouched and that 
our outposts were on the lookout for raiders. 

* We failed to see any however, for, as we afterwards 
learned, the attack was aimed at I Company's sector just 
north of us around the brow of a hill. 

Things soon quieted down so, after visiting all the posts 
again and finding them in good condition and ready for the 
worst. I left the sergeant in charge and walked back to the 
dressing station to have a new bandage put on my neck. 

There they insisted on relieving me from duty and send- 
ing me back to Battalion headquarters with Larson who had 
received first aid but was suffering terribly. Larson was 
taken on back to the hospital but was in so serious a con- 
dition that he died that night. 

I was very much disappointed at not being allowed to 
go back to the outfit but think I didn't miss much, as the 
company was relieved after a couple of days in which no 
more excitement turned up. 

I was greatly pleased with the conduct of every man in 
the platoon, in the little emergency, and felt assured that 
the months of training had not been in vain. We were 
readv for the bigger job that had been laid out for us. — Don- 
ald C. Elder, Dewitt, la., Lt, Co. L, 352nd Inf. 



Almost! 



Where the Germans played their pranks, 
Where the doughboys spent their francs, 

In Leipzig and Berlin. 
Where the Germans shed their blood 

In Leipzig and Berlin. 
Where the doughboys slept in dugouts, 
Where the doughboys chased the Hun 
And took away his gun — . 

In Leipzig and Berlin. 
Where the doughboys shot their craps 
In shell-holes and in gaps 

In Leipzig and Berlin. 
Where the doughboy slept in mud 
With a cootie for his "bud," 

In Leipzig and Berlin! 
George Schamaun, Rear 1410 3d St., S. W., Canton, O. 



An Old Favorite "Over Here" 

It's a long way to Berlin, but we'll get there. 

Uncle Sam will show the way. 

Over the line and across the Rhine. 

Shouting Hip ! Hip ! Hooray. . 

We'll sing Yankee Doodle "Under the Linden", 

With some real live Yankee pep ! Hep ! 

It's a long way to Berlin 

But we'll get there, 

And we're on our way,- by heck, by heck ! 

— From Pvt. George C. Parks. 



My Experience in the 350th Inf. 

First came the call to arms. When I arrived in camp it 
seemed quite a strange place, but after I got down to work I 
didn't have much time to think. After a course of six months 
we were ordered to France. We left New York Aug. 16, 1918, 
and arrived in Liverpool, England, Aug. 29. We got up in 
the morning and found ourselves in a strange country. Then 
is the time the boys began to get homesick. 

We left England Sept. 1 and arrived in France Sept. 2. 
Then started those heavy packs and endless hikes and hard- 
tack and bully beef. After we had hiked around for about a 
month we were ordered to the firing line which was Alsace- 
Lorraine. That was the 8th day of October. We were scared 
out when we arrived but later we got very bold. 

I was a 350th Inf. scout and had lots of excitement. I 
very well remember the first night we were out on patrol. The 
boys said, "We will stick together, no matter what happens;" 
and we sure did ! We were crawling up an old German trench 
and one of the boys, Ben Bryant, a big, burly Missourian, said, 
"Well, boys, I reckon as how we-all better make our wills be- 
fore we go any farther." 

Eugene Perry spoke up. "Well, boys, it wouldn't be so 
bad if we could see which way those bullets were coming." 
The bullets came thick and fast sometimes, but we were never 
lucky enough to stop any of them. 

One night we were trapped in a barb-wire entanglement 
between the first and second line of German trenches and the 
boys got to cussing and were heard by a German patrol. Of 
course they naturally sent free bullets over us, but we all got 
out of it lucky and accomplished our mission. 

We left Alsace about Oct. 28 and later were ordered to 
the Toul sector, but before we got a chance to get up to the 
firing line the armistice was signed. Then came the thought 
of going home. You could hear them all holler, "When do 
we go home?" 

We were stationed at Longeau, France, till May 1, then 
we started for St. Nazaire. We sailed from St. Nazaire May 
18, 1919, landed at Newport News, U. S. A., May 30, and were 
mustered out June 6. We sure were a happy bunch to get 
back home again. — George Schamaun, Rear 1410 3d St. S. W., 
Canton, O. 



Army Life in France 

I am sitting alone in my billet, while the rain and the sleet is 

falling down, 
My comrades are out and a-working, while I am a-lounging 

around. 
The place is cold and cheerless, one little old stove near the 

door. 
The chickens roost up on the rafters, while we sleep down on 

the floor. 
Some go to bed before supper, some at the bugle's last call, 
Some come in at midnight while others don't come in at all. 
We are up at six in the morning, and down to breakfast we 

stream; 
It is nothing but rice and bacon, and coffee, sans sugar and 

cream. 
At noon it is beef and boiled onions, and potatoes with jackets 

on tight, 
A slice of bread and black coffee, but butter is never in sight. 
And at night when we are lined up for supper. Oh ! What do 

you think they do ? 
As we pass along with our mess kits, they fill them with Mul- 
ligan stew ! 



38 



Personal Narratives 



We eat in the streets and the barnyards, we wash our clothes 

in the stream, 
And take our baths in a bath house without any fire or steam. 
Our clothes are wet almost always, for there's no place to dry 

them, you see, 
For fires are scarce in this country, while the sun you never 

can see. 
One day it is cold and a- freezing, the next day it's mud to 

your knees 
With a cold, cold rain a-falling, and the next day a nice, 

gentle breeze. 
But I'm still alive and a-kicking, and some day expect to be 
Back in the land where life's living! In My Land over the 

seal 
— Wagoner John Engel, 313th Eng., Co. B, Gettysburg, S. D., 

Bx. 532. 



Adventures at Couvertpuits 

After the armistice was signed and the 338th Machine 
Gun Bn. was snugly (?) billeted in the little town of Couver- 
puits, in the Province of Meuse, it seemed the chief ambition 
of the headquarters bunch to dodge as many details as possi- 
ble, and spend their leisure moments in the neighboring town 
of Morley, where no Americans were quartered and there 
were no "off limit" signs to mar their pleasure. Part of 
Headquarters Co. was billeted in a combination house and 
barn belonging to Mr. and Mrs. Henri Rochere. The latter 
was nicknamed by the boys "Shot Gun Liz,'' much to her 
chagrin. In fact this name was so distasteful to her that at 
the mere mention of it she would pick up her broom and pur- 
sue the offender. 

Our sleeping quarters were in a loft which was reached 
by a ladder and also by the odors from the cows, pigs, horses 
and the ever present manure pile. To get to this ladder it 
was necessary to go through the front room. The inhabitants 
of this loft — besides the rats and cooties — were Corp. Orval 
William Epperson (in charge), Private Ernest M. ("Gun 
Boat") Smith. Private Loren ("Affidavit") Buck, Private An- 
drew G. Anderson, Private George States, Wagoner Axel 
Jermstad, Wagoner Thomas ("Red") Nagle and Wagoner 
John Proctor. 

One night after taps had sounded our attention was at- 
tracted by noises downstairs. This proved to be Wagoner 
Jermstad, returning from an afternoon and evening at Morley 
where was a fair mademoiselle, who very graciously smiled 
on him as she poured his "encore cognac" and took his francs. 

The Rocheres had killed a hog that day and hung it just 
inside the front door and as he was groping his way toward 
the ladder, leading to the loft, he grasped the suspended hog 
in his arms, which, at every advance step, pushed him back- 
wards. Jerry, feeling that he was . making no progress in 
reaching his sleeping quarters, began calling aloud: 

"Erickson, Erickson, someone is trying to knock me 
down !" 

Jerry had dallied in the cafe until it had closed and he 
now wondered if that had not been too long. He finally 
mounted the ladder to the loft, without any assistance, and 
after lighting a candle, prepared to get into bed, removing his 
hat, coat and shirt. His other wearing apparel, consisting of 
boots, trousers, etc., were left on. He had no sooner reached 
the bed than he decided he was sick and asked "Gun Boat" 
Smith to take him to the infirmary. His requests being ig- 
nored he put his pack on his back, took Smith's rifle and 
started down the ladder, sans hat, coat or shirt. Smith, who 
had been feigning sleep, seeing his rifle disappear, yelled for 
him to come back and wait until morning when the ambulance 
would come for him. 

Jermstad complied and crawled into bed and soon began 
begging Smith to come and see what was on his feet, some- 
thing that was in bed with him. The "something" proved to 
be his boots which he had forgotten to remove. Later he 
was disturbed by the mournful wailings of a cat somewhere 
in the darkness and crawled out of bed, taking Smith's shoe 
in one hand and a lighted candle in the other and started out 
in pursuit of the offender. The "cat"— which proved to be 



Corporal Epperson — immediately ceased his whinings until 
Jerry was snugly tucked in bed again. 

It may be interesting to here relate how a few of our 
Headquarters boys earned the titles they bore : 

One wintry night when the thermometer stood about 2 
below by the centigrade, our reputed champion checker player, 
Private Ernest M. Smith — his favorite cigar tucked at the 
usual angle of 45 degrees from the right corner of his mouth, 
his cap pulled over his left ear to balance his head — sallied 
forth with the intention of extending his conquests in his much 
loved game. The darkness of the night, further intensified by 
the fact that he had just come from the house brilliantly light- 
ed by two tallow candles, blinded him to such an extent that 
his footsteps strayed from the narrow road and before he 
realized it he was plunging headlong into a creek, which flow- 
ed between banks about 5 feet high, and was only a few feet 
from the road at this point. 

Ordinarily a "cootie" could swim it with ease, but recent 
rains 1iad transformed it into a stream of considerable depth. 
When he came up sputtering he was minus both cap and cigar 
— the former was recovered the next day with the aid of a 
pole, but the cigar was not found. No doubt if the villagers 
had known that beneath that foot of mud lay one cigar that 
had barely been lighted they would probably be endeavoring • 
yet to find it. He scrambled up the bank and hurriedly re- 
traced his steps, his only thought being to get warm and dry. 
His ardor for checkers was cooled for the time. As his ward- 
robe consisted of what he was wearing at the time of his 
plunge the only thing left for him to do was to go to bed and 
have his clothes put by the fireside to djT- His chief regret 
was that this plunge had not occurred earlier in the week as 
he had already taken the weekly bath which was compulsory. 
It was not to his liking to take two baths in one week. From 
this date he was nicknamed "Gun Boat" Smith. 

Private Loren Buck was assistant to the billeting officer. 
A certain Frenchman missed about 8 feet of gutter pipe from 
his building and suspicioning some American was using it for 
a stovepipe put in a claim against the United States for the 
loss of it. Buck was given the task of getting affidavits to 
either establish or reject this claim. He loyally performed 
this work by hiding out each morning after mess, his refuge 
being at the fireside of "Shot Gun Liz" mother-in-law. where 
he and Corporal Epperson would "parler" with her and inci- 
dentally persuade her to fry "duo oeufs" ; and by paying 
"cinq francs" and supplying "graisse" and "sucre" induce her 
to furnish the balance of the ingredients to make "gaufres." 

She would squat in the center of the hearth with batter 
on one side and bacon rind with which to grease the waffle 
iron on the other. During these morning socials, Minnie, the 
cat, and Henri, the dog, would sit at opposite ends of the fire- 
place, and wistfully await an opportunity to partake of the 
dainties. If the old lady's back was turned Minnie would 
avail herself of the chance to lick the surplus grease from the 
bacon rind while Henri would lap a few mouthfuls of the 
batter. Nevertheless we ate them with as much relish as if 
they had been cooked in the most sanitary kitchen. After 
spending a week thus, Buck's ruse was found out with the 
result that he was sent to school at St. Joire as punishment, 
but the nickname of "Affidavit" Buck stuck.— O. W. Epperson, 
Neasho, Mo. 



Doughboy Blues 

There were details that made us happy 
There were details that made us blue 
There were details that drove away the sunshine 
Like the M. P.'s drove us from the booze. 
There were details that had an awful meaning 
That the doughboy alone could feel, 
But the details that filled our hearts with sadness 
Were the details with one cooked meal. 

(Composed by Billet No. 13 Bonnet, France, April 25, 1919). 

A. R. Johnson, Nanson. N. D. 



Personal Narratives 



39 



Propaganda Via Airplane 

As they were pioneers in development of "H. E." (high 
explosive) shells and the use of gas projectiles in this war, 
so also the Germans were first to adopt the "gas" of insidious 
propaganda. They had long used the method of spreading 
doctrines and misinformation useful to them by means of the 
press before the war, and along the front they endeavored to 
stab directly at the spirit of the men opposing them by drop- 
ping leaflets from airplanes behind the lines. Some of these 
messages were crude attempts, but showed thorough familiari- 
ty with Yankee talk. Here are some examples : 

"Do your part to put an end to the war. Put an end to 
your part of it. Stop fighting. It is the simplest way. You 
can do it, you soldiers. Just stop fighting ; the war will then 
end of its own accord. You are not fighting for anything, 
anyway. What does it matter to you who owns Metz or Stras- 
burg? What do you care about them? But there is a little 
town back home, in the little old United States, that you would 
like to see. If you keep on fighting here in the hope of get- 
ting a look at the German fortress you may never see home 
again. The only way to stop the war is to stop fighting. 
That's easy. Just quit and slip across to 'No Man's Land,' and 
join the bunch that is taking it easy there, waiting to be ex- 
cused and taken home. There is no disgrace in that. That 
bunch of American prisoners will be welcomed just as warmly 
as you who stick it out in those infernal trenches. Get wise. 
There is nothing in the glory of keeping up the war. 

No Business in France 

"And think of the increasing taxes you will have to pay ! 
The longer the war lasts the larger those taxes at home will 
be. Get wise and get over. All the fine words about glory 
are tommyrot. You have not any business fighting in France. 
You had better be fighting the money trust at home instead 
of fighting your fellow soldiers in gray over here, when it 
does not really matter two sticks to you how the war goes. 

"Your country needs you ; your family needs you, and you 
need your life for something better than being gassed, shot at, 
deadened by cannon shot and rendered unfit physically by the 
miserable life you must lead here. The tales they tell you of 
the condition of the German prison camps are fairy tales. Of 
course you may not like being a prisoner of war; but any- 
thing is better than this infernal place, without any hope of 
escape, except by being wounded, after which you will only 
be sent back for another hole in your body. Wake up and 
stop the war. You can, if you want to. Your government 
does not mean to stop the war for years to come, and the 
years are going to be long and dreary. You had better go, 
while the going is good." 

Better to Live than Die 

"Don't die until you have to ! What business have you to 
die for France, for Alsace, for Lorraine or for England in 
France? Isn't it better to live than to die anyhow, however 
glorious a cause? Isn't it better to live and go back to the 
old folks at home than to rot in the shell holes and trenches 
of France? 

"You have had to hear many high falutin' words about 
liberty, humanity and making the world safe for Democracy, 
but, honest now, are not these catch words, merely sugar-coat- 
ing to the bitter pill, making you spend wretched months far 
from home? Do you really believe those German soldier boys 
in the faded gray uniforms on the outside of 'Xo Man's Land' 
are on the trail of your liberties? Just like you, they want the 
war to end with honor, so they can go back to their home- 
folks. All they want is a chance to live and let live, and so 
if you should happen to fall into their hands, you wil find 
that they treat you fair enough on the principle of 'live and 
let live.' Why run any more chance than you have to? You 
might just as well be a free boarder in Germany till the war 
is over. You don't want to die until you have to." 

Another dropped in the 88th Div. lines read: 

"Soldiers of the U. S. A. ! As we hear from your com- 



rades seized by us, your officers say that we kill prisoners of 
war or do them some other harm. 
"Don't be such greenhorns ! 

"How can you smart Americans believe such a silly thing!" 
All of which indicated anew how little the Germans un- 
derstood the Americans or realized the quality of the average 
doughboy's intelligence. 



Why is it Called "Rest Camp?" 

One doughboy to another: 

Don't you know what a "rest camp is? Why, they walk 
a man in heavy pack for miles up hill until he can't walk a 
step farther and he falls down in a heap all in. They call 
that spot a "rest camp." 



An Open Invitation 

Tim Casey Kniffen of the 349th Ambulance Co., is one of 
those fortunate young men blessed with a real, motherly moth- 
er. "Tim, (she writes) says he stayed a year in France and 
while he didn't shine much in the fight he sure did shine when 
it came to something to eat. Also shone in the K. P. so much 
that after he came home he would forget and would catch 
himself helping with the dishes. At present he is half owner 
of the Manitou Plumbing Co. at Manitou, Colo. We own 
'Dixie Land,' a summer home in Cheyenne Canon, Colorado 
Springs. Would be glad to see any of the company at any 
time — also the editor. We can pretty nearly take care of a 
whole company there. 

"My young hopeful went with the ambulance boys of the 
349th and while they spent a year at Camp Dodge and another 
year in France, when they came back and I let them have the 
place for a couple of weeks, I decided I'd keep it for myself 
a while. Such a spoiled lot of boys I never came across. 
They would roll the rugs and dance and I think have a house 
party ALL THE TIME. There were 123 in the bunch and 
just one of the boys died in France so they hardly realized 
what an awful thing the war was and all they thought was 
"You owe us a good time." They sure had it. I was awfully 
thankful the house was left standing. Since then have had 
a lot of the boys there and they call it home. It is 20 rooms 
right at the mouth of both the North and South Cheyenne 
Canon, close to the foot of the famous Seven Falls, the pret- 
tiest grounds anywhere, just around the corner from the 
Broadmoor which is one of the largest hotels in the U. S., a 
summer resort. I have 11 cottages on the ground. Have a 
young sister and niece and with my son to help entertain (he 
sure can do that) you would enjoy a trip the best in the world. 

"You may pass the word that a soldier boy can always 
find a good square meal at 'Dixie Land' (no change; we do 
not keep boarders) and they are always welcome. 

"By the way I thought when the boys came home they 
would want to be quiet and read, etc., so I moved my whole 
library there, some 3,000 books, including all the books of the 
past year or two, but I guess maybe the doors were hard to 
open as the boys didn't read any of them." 



The Orderly's Repartee 

This actually happened at Gondrecourt : 

Private Crockett, Hq. Troop was on duty as orderly to the 
general during the day. The general's car drove up in front 
of Headquarters. 

Crockett went into the commander's office, stepped before 
the general, came to attention, saluted and said : 

"Sir, the general's car awaits without." 

The general look up. 

"Without what?" 

"Without the general, sir." 

Leslie T. McKay, Grand Forks, N. D. 



40 



Persoxal Narratives 



Red Cross Nurse Lost in 
Dugout 

I was a member of Co. I, 349th Inf., under Captain Brear- 
ton. We had a fine bunch of boys and our captain was liked 
by all of us. Soon after joining this company at Des Moines, 
Camp Dodge, I belonged to the buglers of Co. I. Later on in 
France, in service at the front, I had a position of signaling. 
Then after the armistice was signed wc were located at Ref- 
froy (Meuse), France, where I was transferred to the Y. M. 
C. A. Hdqrs. at Gondrecourt, doing driving duty, and the 
following happened during a tour through the battlefields. 

With Mr. R. F. Williams, Y. M. C. A. secretary, V. R. 
Daily and George Kenedy on duty at the "Y", George Miller, 
cook of Supply Train and Guy B. Hainke, driver, we took 
a tour in April, 1919, through the battlefields, taking the 
road from St. Mihiel through Verdun on down the Argonne 
forest. This being a three-day trip, gave us plenty of time 
to wander around the different cities and fields. 

The Second Day : 

Being lost isn't any fun, especially down in the third base- 
ment of a German dugout where the darkness is so thick 
you can almost cut it with a knife, with barely enough candle 
to last a few hours and the water drizzling down the walls 
to put your light out, with mud and water on the floor, and 
many things which had been abandoned lying around to make 
you lose your footing and fall. 

This is the story of a Red Cross nurse who got lost from 
her party in a tunnel three-quarters of a mile long and wide 
enough for a squad of men to march through abreast. Tun- 
nels lead in all directions from this main drag up at Dead 
Man's Hill, No. 295. 

She was with a party of ten other nurses and a guide, 
when she stopped to put on her rubber, which had come off 
in the mud. The .party did not notice that she had stopped 
and continued on the tour. When she again looked up the 
party had disappeared and she was left alone. With no sense 
of direction she plunged on with only a small piece of candle 
to light her way. Becoming exhausted she stopped, listening. 

George Mills and myself threw a stone down a vent 
hole, not knowing, at the time, that this hole led down that 
tunnel. As the rock fell through the hole it happened to 
drop next to her in the tunnel, this being 150 feet beneath us. 
George and I were patiently waiting for that stone to light. 

We heard a voice. I looked at George and said, "Did you 
hear that?" 

George said, "What?" 

"Why, that voice." 

Again it came, "Don't do that !" 

We asked her who she was and where she was. Finally 
upon reaching the opening of the tunnel we slowly followed 
it until we found her, scared to death and all full of mud. 
She was ,as white as a sheet when -we had carried her out 
to the fresh air again. She was taken away from the dugout 
and the rest of her party were soon located. 

Oh, You Nurse!— Guy B. Hainke, Otis, Kans. 



Rats, Airplanes, W Everything 

I was on the Alsace front 13 days and it seemed 13 years 
before I got out of there. They sent over some shells the 
last night and I thought I was never going to get out, but 
I never saw anything only rats and they scared me to death 
and the airplanes would keep mc dying all the time, and the 
lieutenant and captain. 

The first night wc scared about 18 Germans so they never 
bothered us any more. Then we moved up around Toul. 
We were getting ready to go into action but it stopped and 
I sure was glad of it. I don't think there was a sober man 
around. 

We went from there to Rcffroy. We stayed there about 
five months, and then I went to the hospital. I was in there 
17 days with the mumps and I thought I was never going to 
get home, but the 88th is ALL RIGHT.— Walter McGhee, 
Cn T. ;uotv; T,,f rr,ir>tnf. <; n 



"The Battle with the Cooties" 

While fighting with the Boche, in a front line trench with 
a bunch of our boys and a bunch of the French. We had 
taken the mumps and became quite alarmed, arid had also 
slight itchings under our arms. We were sent to the Infirmary 
and back of the ditch. The doctor said we had both mumps 
and the itch. We spent a week in the hospital back of the 
line and we started to look to see what we could find. We 
pulled off our shirts to see what we could see and we found 
a little bug about as big as a flea. The French were acquaint- 
ed with a bug of this kind so they sprayed us with some- 
thing, — it must have been lime, for the way it did burn me I 
thought I would die. If someone had told me I would have 
called it a lie. So wo called on the doctor and called on the 
nurse, but day by day the cooties got worse. 

We were finally transferred to an American camp, but we 
couldn't rest a minute for the miserable scamps. We reported 
to the nurse what we found in our clothes, we were filled 
with the graybacks from our heads to our toes. So they called 
in the captain to join in the fun, and he couldn't believe it 
till we showed him one. 

He took us to the Cootie Ward, away from the rest, and 
he brought us in a gas tank and told us to undress. We wash- 
ed in gasoline and chloride of lime. We lost all the cooties — 
and part of our hide ! It made me dance round for an hour 
or so. If you never get the cooties you never will know how 
the little devils bite you when you try to sleep. As soon as 
you lay down, then they start to creep. So we pulled off our 
nightclothes and threw them outside and we had nothing left 
on in which cooties could hide. The next day we were 
equipped with a new suit of clothes so we pulled off our old 
ones and threw them outdoors. 

Now we are resting more easy, this little cootie bunch, 
but somehow or other I have a hunch that the war is about 
over and the graybacks all done, the battle's about finished 
with both cooties and Huns. We are going home soon and 
that you can bet, but the battle with the cooties I shall never 
forget.- — Charles S. Kersting, Gilmore, Mo. 



Souvenir from Lamalou 

At the time of the first furlough granted to men of the 
88th Div., Pvt. William Clausen, Co. A, 352d Inf., now of 
Sioux Falls, S. D., was granted one of the furloughs which 
resulted in his being able, and also enabled myself and one 
of his corporals, to bring back a rare souvenir of France. 
This was in the form of a ribbon for each man, which was 
supposed to have been worn by one of Christ's disciples on 
one of their journeys through from Bordeaux to the Holy 
Land, and taken from an old, old chapel near Lamalou-les- 
Bains, at which place Mary and Martha were supposed to 
have worshipped on one of their journeys between the two 
places. Whether or not this part of the story be true, will, 
perhaps be doubtful to most readers, unless they happen to 
be students of the Bible and Bible days, and know beyond a 
doubt the exact truth of the matter. 

Private Clausen and the corporal met in Lamalou-ks- 
Bains an old Catholic priest who had gone to France for his 
health from New York State, and as the soldiers on furlough 
there at that time were the first American solders to visit that 
part of France, the priest, who was then caretaker of the 
chapel, took it upon himself to let the two boys enter the 
chapel, as there were only the two of them with him at that 
time. He stated at the time that no other Americans had en- 
tered this chapel in the memory of the oldest inhabitants of 
Lamalou, and the boys were only allowed to do so out of re- 
spect for the services they were rendering France. This, it- 
self, is a souvenir in the minds of the two boys, and one which 
they will always remember with respect to their benefactor, the 
priest. 

It was upon their return from Lamalou that Mr. Clausen 
discovered he had two of these ribbons, and presented me with 
one, out of respect for our friendship prior to army days. — 
John A. Smith, West Sioux Falls, S. D., Co. A, 352d Inf., for- 

mrrlv with Ratt V). 147th F A. 



Personal Narratives 



41 



Doughboys on Leave to Alps 

The latter part of February, 1919, a bunch of us put in 
for a pass which was granted us on February 26. We were 
billeted in Gondrecourt and were supposed to report at the 
railhead at 8 P. M. as we were to be checked in and issued 
traveling rations before the arrival of the train which was 
to appear at 10 P. M. Sergeant Grande had charge of the 
bunch. He got us checked in and then obtained our issue of 
traveling rations, "gold-fish," "bully beef," "beans," "hard 
tack" and some bread. We put it all into a burlap bag and 
were all set at 9 P. M. Then it began to rain. Our guard- 
house, however, was only about a block or so away so we 
sought shelter therein. We, of course packed our rations 
along. About 10 o'clock a train pulled in. Grabbing our 
rations we made a beeline for the depot where the train was 
reported two hours late. So back we went, rations and all. 
Finally at 1 :30 A. M., our train did come. We all piled on 
and in about an hour were off. 

The next day at noon we got to Is-sur-Tille and were 
ordered out. We began to wonder what was up. Soon we 
found out. We were assigned to billets and awaited further 
orders. A "shavetail" came in and cried, "Everybody out- 
side with soap and towels and all your clothing except 
blankets." Quick as lightning came the thought that we were 
to be put through the delouser. And sure enough, such was 
the case. The bath was fine, but our clothes — creases? 
Man, you couldn't begin to count them ! And then came the 
thought that we were going on pass and wanted to make 
a hit with some demoiselle. Luckily the French girls weren't 
particular. Just so you were a "Soldat Americain" and had 
"beaucoup francs," you were "tres bien." 

We left Is-sur-Tille next day at 4 P. M. and the morning 
of March 1 found us on a side track at Aix-les-Bains. Look- 
ing out of the window we saw several cafes, and Private 
Hammers and myself went out on an expedition. Crossing 
a picket fence we got into a neat cafe. After having a 
few shots of cognac a piece we went back and I tore a big 
hole in my brand-new leggings crossing that darn picket 
fence. But that made no difference,! just wrapped it upside 
down and it was "bon" again. We left about 7 :30 and got 
.to St. Jarvais, our destination, on the evening of the same 
day. On getting out of the train all we could see were moun- 
tains. "Some leave area !" was our comment. 

We were assigned to Mont Joly Palace, a modern hotel 
in all respects. That night we slept in an "honest-to-God" 
bed for the first time since we had left home in the good old 
U. S. A. Next day was Sunday. There wasn't much doing. 
Monday morning, however, we got up before breakfast in 
order to catch the morning train for Chamonix. At the 
y. M. C. A. there we found out about a trip up one mountain 
which took an hour and a half up and ten minutes down. 
So Sergeant Wolf, Private Silva and myself decided on the 
trip, while Sergeant Grande and Private Hammers and also 
Private Stevenson went to see some mademoisells( ?) 

But I am getting away from the subject of climbing 
mountains. We had a Y. M. C. A. man for a guide, and 
together with about IS other boys and one "Y" girl, we 
started out. After an hour and 45 minutes' continuous climb 
we reached a house halfway up the mountain where we 
rested. The large hotels of Chamonix down below looked 
like cigar boxes. After ten minutes' rest we started back. 
Coming to a ravine our guide all at once said "Follow me," 
and sitting down on the snow, which was plentiful, started 
down the hilj. 

We watched him for awhile. Finally I said, "My O. D's. 
are just as good as his," and followed him down. Talk about 
sp£ed ! Soon I heard someone screaming. Setting my brakes 
(elbows) into the snow, I looked around and there I saw 
the rest coming down with lightning speed, the "Y" girl in 
the lead. Loosening my brakes I was off and got to the foot 
of the mountain in about eight minutes. Wet pants? Oh, 
Boy! they sure were! It reminded me of my kid days, sliding 
the cellar door. Adjusting our clothing, we went back to 
Chamonix, and boarding a train got back home just In time 
for supper. The rest of the week was spent in different 
hikes and roaming through the mountains, of which Private 



Silva and myself did the most. We surely saw some interest- 
ing sights. 

Leaving St. Jarvais the following Saturday, we started 
back home and arrived at Is-sur-Tille Sunday noon. Stopping 
over night we started out Monday at 9 P. M. and Tuesday's 
dawn found us at Gondrecourt, where we reported to the 
top sergeant and again became active members of Co. B. 

That same night our Co. clerk, Sergeant Gordon, had 
us all on guard and K. P. — John T. Kupka, Ft. Atkinson, la. 
Co. B, 337th M. G. Bn. 



Laughs in Two Spasms 

FIRST SPASM— When marching from the Alsace-Lor- 
aine front we did not know where we were going. A scout 
by the name of Andrew Kelly who was always harping on 
going home made the remark, "Well, boys, we are marching 
in the direction of the coast. We are going home !" 

A sniper by the nickname of Long John Tennessee spoke 
up and said, "Yes, Kelly, we are going home but it will be 
the roughest — home you ever went to !" 

SECOND SPASM: While on the Alsace front there 
were four members of the 350th Inf. Scouts billeted in a 
dugout. A new man by the name of Corporal Sanders had 
just joined our group. The first night of sleeping in the 
dugout Ave four went to bed early, all broke, so we could 
not pass the time away drinking vin rouge. About 10 o'clock 
Corporal Sanders fell asleep and the three of us were still 
awake. Seeing that he was asleep we started to have some 
fun. Pvt. Andrew Kelly, putting his hands over his mouth, 
yelled to me, "Have you got your mask on, Grace?" 

I answered as loudly as my lungs would permit, "Yes, 
have all the other boys?" 

Over in the corner where Corporal Sanders slept there 
was a noise just about as loud as if a big shell had hit the 
side of the dugout. It was Sanders falling over a table try- 
ing to get his gas mask on. When we thought he had it about 
on Kelly took his hands away from his mouth and asked 
Sanders what the matter was. After he told us what he 
thought of us, which would not look good in print, he told 
us how he felt when he woke up and heard us talking in 
what he thought was our gas masks. He said to himself. 
"It is all off with me, but I will try to get it on. It might 
not be too late yet !" — William F. Grace, Kings # 111., Ogle Co. 



Get Scare and Muddy Feet 

On the evening of Oct. 12, 1918, the second platoon of B 
company 313 Engineers, of which I was one, had been sitting 
in our barn talking about the war. Both Corporals Sittner 
and Patterson had crawled up on the hay and retired early 
and old Dad Tolles was gas sentry when all at once about 
8 o'clock the Germans put over a barrage, as our 350th Inf. 
were just going into the trenches to relieve the French and 
we were backed by French artillery. This happened about 
three miles east of Fontaine where we had been busy build- 
ing dugouts at the rail head. 

We all went outside back of a warehouse and were 
watching the big guns flash except the two who had retired 
early, but the awful noise woke them and they called down 
to the gas sentry and asked what had happened and where 
all the men were. He told them they had beat it for a dug- 
out as it was awfully dangerous in the barn, so they grabbed 
up their clothes, having only their shoes on, and ran. There 
was about four to six inches of soft mud and water in there, 
but that did not make any difference to them ; all they want- 
ed was to get with the bunch to a place of safety. After 
the}' had stood in there awhile and could hear the men a 
short distance away outside, they finally came to where we 
were and sure had an awful surprise and we all had a 
long hearty laugh for some time after. — Edwin A. Goltz. 
Havana, N. D. 



42 



Personal Narratives 



Kept Their Prisoner All 
Night 

I was out on a patrol with my company into No Man's 
Land on the 13th of October. I was posted out there with 
two of my comrades and there we remained until daybreak. 
Everything was very quiet that night, but the next morning 
about daylight we, my buddies and I, captured a German and 
kept him with us. We were stationed about 100 yards from 
the German lines in an old house which had been shelled down 
to the ground. There were some big weeds in there and we 
stayed in this house with the prisoner we had captured. 

Not long after daylight a battle started and a heavy bom- 
bardment from both sides, German and French, began popping 
all around us. They started out with their machine guns, 
rifles and hand grenades, and there were several Germans 
killed. One of the men of our company was wounded and 
captured and the company driven out by the Germans after a 
little fight. My men and I were cut off from retreat and re- 
mained hidden in these weeds till 10 o'clock on the 14th of 
October, and at that time we made a start to get back to our 
dugouts. 

We took our prisoner and started out and went along all 
right, but we sure were shot at. The shots fell all around us 
but we said we were going, and we did go. They shot at us 
with machine guns but we got with our man in our own 
trenches at 10:30 the night of October 14th.— Louis R. Eads, 
Co. D, 350th Inf., Vienna, Mo. R. 1, Box 15^.— Division Cita- 
tion. 



Sergeant Is There with Retort 

On one of those cold, sleety, February days in the Valley 
of the Ornain, Department of Meuse, when the 351st Infan- 
try was marching to an imaginary engagement with an imag- 
inary enemy at the behest of someone higher up that "didn't 
know the war was over," the column had come to a halt, prob- 
ably waiting for some of the "higher up" umpires to roll up 
in their limousines after a long night's sleep and a tardy 8 :30 
breakfast. 

Everybody was feeling as ugly as only such circumstances 
can make one feel and when the column started forward, old 
Captain Church who was acting as regimental liaison officer 
and in command of the regimental headquarters detachment, 
called back to Sgt. Ray Cardon in charge of the regimental 
intelligence section : "Where in hell's that damned intelligence 
section?" 

Now Sergeant Cardon had a few ideas of his own regard- 
ing the relative importance and worth of the liaison group 
and the intelligence section and he stepped out of the" column, 
stood at an alert attention, saluted Captain Church, and hol- 
lered, so it could be heard up and down the column for 200 
yards, "Right behind the— damned liaison group, sir.'' 

Captain Church was about as hard-boiled as they make 
'em and I expected to see some fireworks, but in passing him 
a second later, he was laughing to himself and said "Carp, 
that man Cardon's a damned good man, aint he?" And he 
was ; they're both d— d good men.— H. G. Carpenter, Captain, 
Hq. 351st Inf., Fargo, N. D. 



350th Band Praised 

The Division bulletin of Feb. 25, 1919, devoted a para- 
graph to praise of the 350th Inf. Band, which read: 

"The work of the 350th Inf. Band while on duty at Nice 
under Lieutenant McDermott and Sergeant Olsen, was appre- 
ciated to such an extent that several letters have been received 
by the Division commander setting forth the praises of the 
band as a musical organization and because of the soldierly 
bearing of the members thereof. An extract from the letter 
of a senior officer on duty in the Nice leave area is given be- 
low : 

" 'THE DEPORTMENT OF THE MEN WHILE HERE 
HAS DONE CREDIT TO THE ORGANIZATION TO 
WHICH THEY BELONG ; AND IF THE OTHER MEM- 
BERS OF YOUR COMMAND ARE OF A TYPE SIMILAR 
TO THE REPRESENTATIVES THAT WE HAVE HAD 
HERE, YOU ARE TO BE CONGRATULATED UPON 
THE SPLENDID BODY OF MEN YOU COMMAND.'" 



"Keep on Moving" 

(Inspired and Composed Aboard U. S. S. Pocahontas) 
1. 
Keep on moving ! Keep on moving ! 

Don't you know you can't stand there? 
'Tis the message that they gave us 
At the gang-plank : St. Nazairc. 
2. 
And those words are oft repeated, 

Passing on from lip to lip; 
Everywhere we pause or loiter 

There's a guard to give the t ; p. 
3. 
"Keep on moving!'' shouts a louey, 

As we slowly mount the stair 
With slum dripping from our messkits ; 
A "southwester" on the rare. 
4. 
Step by step we labor onward, 

Up that steep and slippery stair ; 
At the top we pause a moment, 
But another guard is there. 

5- 
You can't stand here ! and, You can't stand there ! 

Keep on moving just as far as you can go. 
Will three times around the vessel be enough? 

I'd like to know. 

6. 
So we start on, moving slowly, 

Down the crowded passage-way. 
All the while we're searching vainly 

For a vacant place to stay. 
7. 
"Move along ! You bloomin' heathen." 

Quickly shouts a doughboy when 
His messkit has been invaded 

By a hobnail, number ten. 
8. 
Keep oi. moving ! Keep on moving ! 

And our stomachs take the hint, 
And we strive to reach the railing; 

Lean far out in mad torment. 
9. 
"Keep on moving." The echoes mock us 

As we stand beside the rail, 
Thinking that at the next effort 

We'll lose our stomach without fail. 
10. 
But we have the consolation 

That ere long we'll reach the shore. 
We'll leave the gang-plank with its farewell, 

Move on. Move on. Move some more ! 
Clarence J. Feemster, Co. M, 352d Inf., Fulton, Kans., R. 3. 



Co. L., 350th, Buddy Is "Disappointed" 

The morning of Oct. 18, or about that date, was a damp 
and foggy one and was a very delightful time for Jerry to 
put over a few bombs composed mostly of gas. I had just 
entered the lines in Alsace, passing through a little village 
called Bauschwiller the evening before, and was not used to 
much excitement, so you can imagine how my pulse was beat- 
ing. I was on gas guard by myself. Jerry shot the first few 
high and dry and very much to the rear of our trenches, 
but when he did level down the boys of Co. L were wish- 
ing they were back in their happy homes across the sea. 

The first few did not excite me very much, but when the 
grass roots and tin cans began to sprinkle me I became very 
much disappointed with my situation. Jerry sent a bomb 
which just missed my ivory dome and then I became so ex- 
cited that I jumped to one side, and in doing so I stumbled 
and fell, losing my gun and helmet. I jumped up "toot sweet'' 
and had my gun in action but did not have time to hunt for 
my helmet till some of the excitement was over. 

In a few days our company was relieved and we marched 
back for a few days' rest to prepare for the lines where Jerry 
was sending his bombs more freely and where he had more 
excitement for the Yanks. — Zehnder Hicks, Mulberry, Kans. 



Personal Narratives 



43 



Song from Treveray 



Treveray, France, March 31, 1919. 
When the call to arms was sounded and the draft laws bid us 

come, 
We bid farewell to civil life and said farewell to home. 
We knew not where we were going, nor what we had to face, 
We were freighted around in box-cars, we were shoved from 

place to place. 

We slep in lousy billets, we stood and ate in the rain, 
We were knee-deep in the mud. We stood all kinds of pain. 
Sometimes our mess was slim, sometimes there was none at all. 
Sometimes in the heat of battle we saw our buddies fall. 

But now the war is ended, it seems too good to be true, 
The folks at home commence to know what the soldiers have 
gone through. 

Our commanders who are in Washington running the U. S. A. 
Keep us in their memories and forget not our payday. 
Forgive us if we outstay our pass and come back A. W. O. L., 
Remember we are the A. E. F. and that all war is — ! 

Lead us not into the kitchen and make us stand K. P., 

Help us to forgive all mess sergeants, wherever they may be. 

We pray you to forgive our manners, at that, they were quite 

fair, 
Forget that we were S. O. L., and forgive us if we swear. 

NO BEER, 
NO DRILLS, 
COMPRI ? 
M. P. 

From Russell Strand, Leeds, N. D. 



A "Letter Home" 

(Letters from our boys to the home folks published in the 
local papers were a welcome method of keeping everyone in- 
formed of the men's life in France, as far as the censorship 
would permit. Most of these letters were notable more for 
what they omitted than for what they told. A good example 
of these overseas missives was one Machinist Paul W. Ross, 
Co. L, 350th Inf., sent to his parents and published in the home 
town paper, dated March 10, 1919. It follows:) 

As I have an awfully sore arm today, decided to drop a 
few lines to the Democrat. I am anxious to know how all 
the boys from back home fared in this war. I got a shot in 
my arm yesterday and am feeling the effects of it today. We 
think they are fixing us up in good shape to go back to the 
good old U. S. A., although we were informed the other day 
we would not sail for home before August. That is the offi- 
cial report. That is a long time to wait. Would like the best 
in the world to place my foot on one of those big ocean liners 
and not stop until we reached New York. We have quite a 
lot of fun at times, but know we could enjoy it so much bet- 
ter if we were home. I have never been sick since coming 
over here until I was vaccinated yesterday. 

I was sent to the front line trenches about October 10 and 
remained there three weeks. Went into the trenches'one night 
about 6 o'clock and hardly got settled before Fritz sent over a 
couple of shells about the size of a sugar barrel and threw 
dirt all over me. I thought I was in hades for a minute, but 
we soon got used to this. I had to make use of my gas mask 
ten minutes after going into the front line trenches. Our 
trenches were only about 200 yards from the German trenches. 
We could see the Huns and every once in awhile he would 
get a little too far from his dugout and some Yank would 
take a shot at him. And frequently Fritz would never be able 
to get back to his dugout alive. * 

I became lost out in No Man's Land one night, and I 
sure was forced to lay close to mother earth to save my hide. 
I thought every minute I would be bumped off, but good for- 
tune was with me and I am here without a scratch. 

Trench rats seemed as big as calves. One got in bed with 
me one night, and as soon as I discovered what it was he 
soon had the bed all to himself. 

As it is mess time will close with best wishes to all my 
friends. 



The First to Reach France 

The first men in the uniform of the American army to 
land in France after we entered the war were members of 
Base Hospital No. 4 which assembled at Cleveland, O., May 
S, 1917. Twenty days before landing they had been civilians, 
and they stepped off the British transport Western Australia 
at Rouen, 100 miles up the Seine River as it winds from the 
ocean, where Joan of Arc was burned at the stake. As the 
ship swung up to the stone quay on the north bank of the 
river, the word spread among the crowds at the tables under 
the trees at the Cafe Victor Hugo that "the Americans had 
come." These were the first of the A. E. F. 

But it was to be some time before the commander-in- 
chief and any fighting men were to reach a "foreign port." 
It was on the morning of Sunday, June 8, 1917, that General 
Pershing and his party stepped off the gangplank of the Baltic 
at Liverpool. With 24 field officers, 30 line officers, 55 clerks, 
four interpreters and 67 enlisted men. Six days later Paris 
went riotously mad in welcoming them. On the morning of 
the following day, back in the North River at home, a line 
of transports weighed anchor and set out for France with the 
first contingent of troops to swell the handful into an Army 
of 2,000,000 men. 

It was not in O. D. uniform, but in civvies that the first 
contingent went over. The submarine was then at the height 
of its career, and through the danger zone everybody, from 
the Commander-in-Chief to the most newly enlisted buck, wore 
civilian clothes. For the Baltic was a passenger liner, and the 
White Star officials had explained that the presence of even 
one man in uniform was interpreted by U-boat commanders 
as sufficient excuse for shelling lifeboats. 

The Royal Welsh Fusiliers were drawn up on the pier to 
greet General Pershing and his party and a special train was 
waiting to carry them to London. In the English capital the 
officers were quartered at the Savoy Hotel, while the famous 
Tower of London, where the little Princes were murdered 
and where Anne Boleyn was beheaded, became a temporary 
barracks for the enlisted men. 

General Pershing called on King George on the next day 
at Buckingham Palace. "I am very glad to welcome you," 
said the British monarch to the American soldier. "It has 
always been my dream that some day the two English-speaking 
nations should fight side by side in the greatest cause that any 
nation could fight for — civilization." 

The few days in London were filled with dinners and re- 
ceptions, but there was no organized demonstration, and it 
remained for Paris to show with what enthusiasm the new 
Allies could be welcomed. No preparations had been made, 
but when the Paris noon-day papers on June 13 blazoned the 
news that the Americans were due to arrive in a few hours, 
a crowd that made traffic impossible packed the streets out- 
side of the Gare du Nord. 

As General Pershing stepped off the train he was greeted 
by Marshal Joffre, a company of French poilus presented 
arms, and the Garde Republicaine band broke into the strains 
of "The Star Spangled Banner." 

From there through the boulevards to the Place de la 
Concorde it was a triumphal procession. The welcome was 
stupendous. The French authorities expressed their regret 
that word had not been sent in advance so that they might 
have tendered a fitting reception, but it is difficult to see how 
grants of money and weeks of preparation could have evoked 
a more soul-filling spectacle. 

There were no brass bands or martial glory to accompany 
the departure of General Pershing and his staff from "an At- 
lantic port" on May 28, 1917. But exactly one year afterward, 
on May 28, 1918, the Americans, making their first attack in 
force, showed the world what the A. E. F. had grown to and 
what it was capable of by taking Cantigny. And two years 
afterward, on May 28, 1919, the war was won and more than 
half the A. E. F. was back home and in civvies again. 

The first contingent of fighting troops arrived in France 
June 26, 1917, under Maj. Gen. W. L. Sibert. The second 
contingent landed July 27. The 42d (Rainbow) Div., contain- 
ing National Guardsmen from every state, and many officers 



44 



Personal Narratives 



at first assigned to the 88th Div., reached France Nov. 30 
1917. 

American troops fired their first shot of the war in trench 
fighting Oct. 27, 1917, when artillerymen sent over a French 
"75" at 500 yards. The shell case was preserved to be given 
President Wilson. The first American to be wounded after 
part of General Sibert's party entered the trenches was 1st 
Lt. De Vere H. Harden, whose leg was hit by shrapnel Oct. 
28, 1917. On Nov. 3 the first fatal casualties occurred when a 
small detachment of infantrymen was attacked by superior 
German forces and cut off by a heavy barrage. The fighting 
was hand to hand and three Americans were killed, five 
wounded, and a sergeant, a corporal and 10 privates taken 
prisoners. Two Frenchmen were killed. The American dead 
were Corp. James B. Gresham, Evansville. lnd., Pvt. Thomas 
F. Enright, Pittsburgh, Pa., and Pvt. Merle D. Hay, Glid- 
den, la. 



French vs. American Girls 

It might be of interest to American women to know what 
their American men think of them in comparison with the 
French. It was a peculiar thing, perhaps, but in conversation 
carried on for any length of time the subject was sure to 
turn to that topic over there. The French women did not be- 
lieve that the specimens of femininity among welfare workers 
were representative American girls, and they always asked what 
our girls were like. This is a symposium of comparisons 
gathered at second hand : 

American girls cannot or do not want to cook or do 
other housework as French girls learn to do. 

American girls do not know how to dress becomingly. 
American girls cannot make their own hats or dresses, 
or sew or knit laces. 

American girls are lazy, expensive, and unappreciative 
of money spent on them. 

, American girls waste most of their time; they dis- 
dain to work with their hands, or learn to do anything 
useful. 

These observations are bona fide and are supposed to be 
the opposite of the French girl. 

Outside of these few indictments the American boys must 
have thought their home girls about all right, for of the 2,- 
100,000 of them who went abroad in the army only 3,600 
brought back "war brides." Of these three-fifths were French, 
one-fifth English and the other 50 scattered among 21 other 
nationalities. They ranged from 15 to 55 years in ages. 



The Army Alphabet 

A is for the Army of Uncle Sam. 

B is for the Bugle, prefixed with a damn. 

C is for Cootie, the doughboys' pet. 

D is for Detail, always for let. 

E is for Efficiency in using the broom. 

F is for Filth, to which our arrival meant doom. 

G is for Gun, which should always shine. 

H is for Hardtack on which soldiers dine. 

I is for Inspection ; 'tis well to prepare. 

J is for Java, on the "Bill of Fare." 

K is for K. P.; in the kitchen he's found. 

L is for Louey who hikes us around. 

M is for Mule whose burdens we bore. 

N is for Non com who learns army lore. 

O is for Orders ; obey them you must. 

P is for Pack to carry or bust. 

Q is for the Quality of rice served to us. 

R is for Rice which made doughboys cuss. 

S is for Soup, branded "Turtle" and "Ox-tail." 

T is for the long, dark, dreary Trail. 

U is for Uniform which must be O. D. 

V is for Vin blanc when out on a spree. 

W is for Whistle, which made army life hum. 

Y is for the Y man who handled chocolate and gum. 
Z is for Zoo, which billets become 

When francs are exchanged for wine, beer and rum. 

— Clarence J. Feemster. 



Co. A's Barber and "Carrot Soup" 

After a Sunday dinner of carrot soup, etc., at Naix, 
France, up came Corporal Keating and Wild Bill Thompson 
and set before Corporal Steckdaub's sparkling eyes a beautiful 
bottle of "conniac." They asked him to sample it. He did, 
and they told him that if they had money they could get more. 
Corporal Steckdaub was "broke" but thought of his broken- 
toothed comb and clippers. 

He stepped into the street and began to yell, "Shave and 
a hair cut! Bay-Rum! Shave and a hair cut! Bay-ay 
Ru-u-u-m ! ! !" Then an officer came by. Steckdaub snapped 
to attention quickly and saluted. The officer said, "Corporal, 
you are getting pretty noisy for Sunday, aren't you?" The 
corporal answered, "Oh, no, sir ; Just my way of advertising !" 
A few minutes later and there was a rushing business. 

The following Saturday Corporal Steckdaub wanted to 
go to Treveray to get some shampoo so he went to Lieutenant 
Musberger. Standing at attention and with a snappy salute 
the corporal said "Lieutenant Musberger, may I go to Tre- 
veray to get some shampoo?" The lieutenant said, "Which 
are you really going to get, champagne or shampoo?" "Sham- 
poo, sir," answered Steckdaub. "You may go." — By S. 



Getting Pretty Close 

The second night out on No Man's Land Corporal Steck- 
daub and Corporal Keating were out with a combat patrol 
of 32 men. After prowling over No Man's Land for about 
four hours, framing things up if they ran on to the Dutch, 
they bumped into them. The men were ordered into a forma- 
tion of "Automatics flank!" This was done splendidly and 
quickly, but after this things were quiet and Steckdaub got 
nervous and told Keating he was going to slide over into the 
next shell-hole closer to the German trenches and see how 
close they were. Keating said, "Good night, Steck ! You are 
getting on a good road to go West !" 

Steckdaub went but in a few minutes returned. Keating 
said in a weak voice, "What did you see? What did you hear? 
How close are we to them ?" 

"We are so close to them that I could smell whiskey," 
answered Corporal Steckdaub. 

After the armistice was signed the company was out in 
a field of mud for drill. It was raining and a bad day. 
Lieutenant Patterson told Corporal Steckdaub to take his 
men and drill them in the school of the soldier. This he 
did and was going good, but while he was walking backward, 
watching his men, he backed into some barbed-wire entangle- 
ments and stuck some barbs. This made him mad. His men 
were still coming on and getting close. He couldn't think of 
the command "Squad Right About," so he yelled "Squad 
round about! March! ! I" 

Lieutenant Gerstenkorn's By- Words : He would yell 
"Make that piece riii</.'" 

When he asked anyone something and they save the wrong 
answer he would say, "Like hull I" — By S. 



Sought Eats; Got Bath 

Here is a pretty good story about a buddie named Henry 
Hollander of St. Louis. He was in Co. E, 352d Inf. and we 
had just got through making about 25 kilos and stopped to 
rest over night. Just as soon as Hollander got his pack off 
bis back, he started to make for the kitchen to get something 
to eat. He thought he was walking toward the little bridge, 
when all at once he walked into the creek and went up to 
his neck in the water. 

He came up to the billet with the water dripping off him. 
You know we could not help laughing at him, although it 
surely was cold. He said, "Pete, don't laugh at me," and he 
said it just like a little boy would have, so I got up and broke 
up all the luniks I could get hold of and started a fire. I 
took off all his clothes and dried them out for him and gave 
him a couple of drinks of vin blanc and put him to bed. 

The last time I saw him was coming over on the ship 
and he came up to me and said "Pete, I owe you a reward 
for saving my life that night," so he took me up to the Y. M. 
C. A. and bought me a dollar's worth of candv— Joseph John 
Peters, Supply Co., 352d Inf., St. Louis, Mo. 



Personal Narratives 



45 



A Night Hike in France 



(Being an account of how the 352nd Inf. made the hike 
from Vezelois to Tremoins in late October, 1918, by Corp. 
Stanislav Wallach of Co. A.) 

Things in the little village of Vezelois had just settled 
down into the regular routine of the day in the army. Our 
company had been there just long enough to become dulled to 
the sight of an occasional air scrap, or the entrance of the 
"Q. M." truck, which formed our only means of connection 
with that world for news of which we eagerly -waited. Only 
one package of mail had broken the monotony of the period, 
and the letter from "her'' which Cook Frye had so jealously 
guarded from the spurting grease of his calling and had hid- 
den away over his heart (or where a cook's heart would be 
if he had one) was almost worn out. Daily we went out to 
drill and daily we came in at noon to cuss the mess sergeant. 
Daily also came the report that peace had been declared. 
From morn till night the K. P.'s labored amid the inspiring 
lectures of the artistically inclined Mess Sergeant Schuld, 
specialist in discourse on the beauty of the Alps. What 
mountains those hilly Alps must be! Every hill we passed, 
from the time we first saw Le Havre had been a "foothill of 
the Alps" and had called forth another enthusiastic discourse. 
The Top Soak had with the aid of his orderlies located all 
beer stands in the vicinity and was settled down to leading 
an orderly gentleman's existence. All in all, it wasn't such a 
bad war. 

On this particular day, things weren't going right. A 
strange foreboding of evil was in the air. To start with, 
Private Beyer stood reveille with every button of his blouse 
in the proper buttonhole, and Lieutenant Gahan failed to for- 
get his gas mask. Private Pendleton managed to "keep his 
trap shut" for once while standing at "attention." Likewise 
Jack Frye forgot to cuss the outfit as we fell in line for stew 
and actually showed evidence of a tendency to prevent cruelty 
to animals by helping out the K. P.'s. Supply Sergeant Jones 
appeared bustling around corners with an unusual look of 
industry on his usually placid face and the customary straw 
did not dangle from his lips. At noon mess the officers were 
on their ear about something. "Where'n the — — — is Merlo 
with the dinner?" exploded Lieut. Hazelrigg from Kentucky, 
and the former right hand man at Cicardi's stepped around 
in double time. Lieut. Barrow attempted to talk Cook Oben- 
haus out of the 7 francs he'd given him the previous evening 
to buy apples for pie the next evening. Considering that the 
Loots had just met the new mademoiselles who'd arrived that 
very day, there seemed no reason for a grouch. Top Soak 
Curran smoked the captain's Roitan half the afternoon in 
blissful unconsciousness of his failure to light it. The com- 
pany clerk was buried in a stack of dirty papers, service rec- 
ords, and what not in the old carpenter shop that served as 
headquarters. 



Then Things Began to Happen 

At afternoon drill things began to happen. Captain Hyatt 
almost wore out his proverbial blue streak in an attempt to 
carry out platoon drill. As for the men, we couldn't see how 
"squads east" was going to win the war. Anyway, we came 
over here to fight. Drill was suddenly cut short by an order 
to "police the village." Oh, what a pleasant task, this, of 
cleaning up a frog village that for a century had been ac- 
cumulating material more or less dear to the hearts of gen- 
erations of frogs. We could well attest the fact that "the 
American army made a clean sweep." Strange, no order 
followed to roll packs. Perhaps we weren't going to move 
after all. Retreat passed, mess was served a la mode, still 
no announcement came. The tension was relieved. Sergeant 
Brown again curled his embryonic mustache and casually 
remarked that the third platoon was getting too much detail 
of late. For an hour or two we parleyed Francais with 
Mademoiselle Madelon and made mer.ry with "zig-zag" until 
"I-can't-makc-it" Maxson with his bugle called us away to 
dream of "the girl we left behind." 



Two hours of sleep. Through the blackness of night the 
shrill blasts of the rasp whistle, grating the ears and rousing 
to semi-consciousness the sleep-drugged senses — not minds — 
of the fagged humans who sprawl in uncouth and animal-like 
postures over the dirty floor of the barn. There's Sergeant 
Kreigmus poised on his knees, his head resting on his folded 
arms on the floor, mixing up snores with such remarks as 
"I'm gonna git six of 'em. No jokin' about ut. Six of 'em 
are gonners." Sergeant Johnson carries on his drill exercises 
regardless of snores. "One, two, three, four. Correct those 
pieces, there. — *88 — **!*!!! — ' While from away off in a 
corner out of a pile of old straw comes the voice of Sergeant 
Schuld, "How beautiful those Alps are." An unearthly ham- 
mering comes from the door of the old cow barn, -which finally 
opens far enough to admit the head and lantern of Corporal 
Wallach, half-dressed and minus his gas mask, "Everybody 
OUT!" 

"Huh?" "What's up?" "There's that company clerk with 

his order and his lantern." "Get the out'a here." "Where 

do we go this time?" "Dunno ! Hustle it up, there! Yu' 
got thirty minutes to roll yer pack." Sergeant Johnson for- 
gets his drill and pops up, "All right then, men roll out." 

Here and there a tousled shock of hair protrudes from a 
miscellaneous hodge podge of arms, and equipment. Stiff 
backs, legs and necks, aching limbs. Br-r-r-r it's cold. Curse 
this hard ground! What's up, anyway? "Get a move on, 
men." We move ! "Thought so," chirps Sergeant Ryan from 
the Emerald Isle, "we haven't missed a Saturday night yet." 

God! Another hike! A half-day of drill, of speedy bay- 
onet work, of doubling time with a gas mask, a half-day of 
stiff fatigue, and now — another hike. On with the shoes, stiff 
and cold, smelling to high heaven. Leggins next, wrap ones 
at that — what do we care if they go on upside down? Thirty 
minutes before formation. Oh, this army life! A hitch to 
the underwear (why couldn't they give us union suits?) and 
belt and then on with the blouse, still wet with yesterday's 
cold sweat, damp and ill smelling, but it'll do to keep warm. 
A hasty dive for tent pins, reserves, clothes, etc. The pack 
must be rolled in a hurry. "Gimme a lift here." Rookie ! 

Fine Night for a Hike 

A drizzle of rain is falling. What a night for a hike! 
Ten minutes left. Wash? Impossible. Half a week's growth 
of beard and unbrushed teeth. Water is scarce. Fill your 
canteens carefully. Out in the rain to slap together the pack, 
grunting and cursing. "What's that you're luggin' along 
there, Tikwart, a drug store?" "Where you gonna open up 
that barber shop?" A world of adjustments. "Mine don't 
hang right. Take up a hitch on this side for me." "Who 
was your dressmaker last year?" Here's a fellow with his 
straps twisted — will he ever be ready? Time to fall in and 
15 more things to go on — extra rations, shoes to be tied on, 
that damned helmet — swing it up on the back, sling the gun, 
and stagger into line, muttering and cursing, swaying under 
the 90 pounds. (And they said trucks hauled our luggage — 
like the M. P.'s won the war.) 

On the line. "Sergeant Ryan, right guide; Sergeant 
Kreigmus, left guide !" "Squads right, march !" Up the steep 
hill and the night's gruelling task has begun. Everything goes 
pretty well — if it only wasn't so dark. We are warming up, 
beginning to sweat, the soreness disappears from the legs and 
the packs settle into more comfortable position. The first 
half is welcome? What's that, Jones falling out? Ten min- 
utes more. Wholesale adjustments are in order. A bit thirsty, 
but better wait; a long hike ahead. Sixteen miles? Twenty 
tonight? Discussion varies. 

The whistle ! Up again ; a stretch of road and the pack 
gets heavier. Another 50 minutes. This'n seems long. How 
long have we been going? Twenty minutes. What's that? 
Falling out already? Who is it? Maxson. Oh! The boys 
are recovering their equilibrium — except some. Sergeant 
Kreigmus catches his second wind, "Lemme carry your packs 
about four recruits." "Ready to fall out, Jerry?" "Never 



46 



Personal Narratives 



mind, I'll be ploddin' along when you Kansas prairie birds 're 
pushin' up daisies." Shift the rifle and plod some more. 
The wordy skirmish gains strength. "You gonna use that 
second helmet fer retreat, Sarge?" One, two, three — Gosh, 
it's dark — and what sticky mud we find in Sunny France. 
"Say, Zitzman, is this the kind of moonlight they have in 
Missouri?" "Naw, this is Minnesota moonlight." "Let's see, 
where is Missouri?" "Ask Pershing, he knows." "Now I've 
got it; that's where they make Budweiser." "You fellows 
give me a pain. Why don't you live in a real state, like Mich- 
igan or Kentucky?" From the rear comes the authoritative 
voice, "Gwan, cut the jawin' up there !" Quiet reigns for a 
while save for the swish and splash of mud. The night is 
cold but the sweat starts. Coats and trousers become clammy. 
Shirt saturated. Some sing. I would too if the sweat would 
keep out of my mouth. "When you dream at night of moon- 
light on the Wa-a-a-bash — " Sure, there's one Hoosier in the 
crowd. There's another one, "Drunk last night, drunk the 
night before — " Pick it up. "Aw, that's too dry. It recalls 
fond memories. How you gonna get drunk on vin blanc? 
Try this : 

"Packs last night, packs the night before. 

Gonna get packs tonight like we never got before. 
An' "when we've packs we're happy as can be (like hell) 

For we are members of the pack family. 
Glorious ! glorious ! One pack apiece for the four of us ! 

Thank Great Jehovah that there are no more packs 
For the four of us would fall out all alone." 

Looking for Rest Stop 

Now, that's appropriate. Where's the applause? Singing 
dies down. Wonder when that next rest comes. Another 
lonesome stretch. Keep off my heels. I've got enough to 
carry. Ah, at last! Don't sit on the wet grass, the "flu" '11 
get you. Wish it'd stop rainin'. "Home was never like 
this!" wails some poor bird up the line. Shoot him, some- 
body, he doesn't deserve to live. "Anybody fall out yet?" 
comes down the line. "Still here, sir." Top Soak takes an 
inventory of the sick, lame and lazy. 

"Fall in !" How that strap cuts my shoulders ! Wonder 
how far we've gone. What're you so thoughtful about, Kull? 
"Wonderin' what slacker's takin' her to th' show tonight?" 
There's another one of 'em — hanging's too good for 'im. Cut 
out your cussin', you'll shock the ladies. "Come on, step up, 
boys, it's on Corporal Glau. Will you have Falstaff or Bud- 
weiser? Heavens, I'm dry. Damn these birds that keep chirp- 
ing about the comforts of home. Will this hour never end? 
Wind is too precious to waste in talking. A little swig from 
the canteen — not much. I shouldn't have drunk so much. I'll 
be S. O. L. before long. How do you like the sound of those 
howitzers on the right? Some Fourth of July celebration, 
eh, Bo? "Fourth of July, hell," comments Goettelmann, 
"that's our artillery playing the Wacht Am Rhein." 

"Column right, march!" Ye gods! what's this? A for- 
est. Wasn't it dark enough before? A loud chorus registers 
disapproval. Why couldn't we have kept the rock road? 
There goes a dead one. Guess he got scared' of the dark. 
"Drop back and help him along, one of you men." The ra- 
tions truck rushes by. Flashlight reveals Maxson perched on 
the bags. How did he get to ride? Surely, this is the en- 
trance to Hades. Rain, mud, dark as pitch, a 90-pound pack, — ■ 
seeing France, beautiful France, Sunny France — damn the 
Kaiser ! "Follow in file." The Sarge in front has a flashlight. 
"How the hell can I follow in file when I can't see my hand 
in front of my face?" Don't fall all over yourself. Where 
are you? What a pleasure to climb the hill in this clay. Who 
was that fell down? Up again? Stay with it, Yank. Twenty 
minutes. What's wrong with your pack? Come undone. 
Why didn't you fix it before you started? "Couldn't. I was 
one o' the poor nuts that helped Lieut. Gahan find his sag 
paste." How long, oh, how long ! Who's that down in the 
ditch there? Sling his pack between us. The captain's carry- 
ing it. Give me your gun. Stay with it. Can't be much fur- 
ther, Buddie. A rest at last ! Down in the mud for a few. 
Who cares for rain ; it's rest we want. Get some circulation 
in those arms once more. Wonder how far we've come — 
must have covered over 20 miles already. 



Another hour of it, mechanically plodding and halting. 
Shoulders are deadened to pain. Mud — churned into slush by 
the ranks ahead. "Falling out, Tikwart?" "No, sir, this Bo- 
hemian never falls out." How far do we have to go anyway? 
Wish I'd shaved. Dirty drops of sweat splash over my gun 
sling. Thank the Lord my feet don't hurt. Water almost 
gone and not yet daybreak. The mud increases. On through 
a bog of it. So does the darkness. A bit faint? Nibble a 
piece of greasy hard-tack that has been in the pocket for a 
week, chumming with an old letter and the stub of an indelible 
pencil. What're you cussin' about Curran? Man, hear that 
Top Soak swear ! Broke a tooth ! Why don't you soak your 
hard tack? We smoke another cigarette. Got any more 
"Bull" on you. Sweat, sweat, sweat and chill when we stop. 
Who said the trenches were rough? There goes another one. 
"What company?" Take off his pack. Put on your overcoat 
and wait here for the ambulance. Wonder how the others are 
making it? 

Day-dreaming Eases Things 

Five minutes of day-dreaming makes the going a little 
easier. Bingo! Come alive!. Five drops of sweat on that 
damn gas mask, which swings like a clumsy suitcase against 
the leg. Thank heaven, I forgot about it for a minute at least. 
Filthy underwear, sweat-soaked, slides against the soiled body. 
Let's see, what month was it we had a bath? Canteen gone 
and hours more to go. More mud. Tongue like a blotter, and 
unbrushed teeth make things worse. "Help carry your pack 
a bit?" "No, thank you, lieutenant, I'm getting along O. K., 
sir." Company — halt ! Nobody waits for the command of 
execution. Thank God ! Off goes the pack into the ditch and 
I follow it. To hell with the mud and the extra trouble. It 
cut my shoulders the last hour. There, that foot's blistered. 
These home-knitted socks ! Where's the eighth man in this 
squad? In the ambulance. The lucky scoundrel. Give us a 
war song, Chief. We need it. "I wonder if the guy who in- 
vented, 'I don't wanta get well' ever had a dose of this." "The 
life we read about back home!" 

God, I'm thirsty! Can't even seem to day-dream this 
time. Bumps in the road twist your feet, Sergeant Johnson 
wakes up, "Follow in file, there! If you fall out here we 
never will find you." How the — will I follow in file when 
I can't see my hand in front of my face. My feet slide all 
over creation. What makes you stagger, Wells? Stay in 
ranks. That's the stuff, watch the other man's feet. One, two, 
three, one, two — one, two, three, four. Carry it on. Damn 
that expression. Let's see, what was it Sherman said? Wa- 
ter, water! Shift the rifle. Lord, but it's getting heavy. 
Who's that? Tikwart, out at last. "Meet you after the war, 
Joe." 

Well, might as well have a couple of good swallows and 
know you're through. Finis. Breeches getting soaked with 
sweat, pack cuts — wriggle with chafe at every step — water ! — 
why did I use it up 1 French town the seventh one we've 
passed. Maybe we'll stop here. No such luck. God, what 
a long time between stops. Surely, we've covered 25 miles. 
How many of us do they expect to have when we get in 
anyway? "Who started this war, anyway?" "For heaven's 
sake, somebody coin a new phrase — cussin's too weak." Day 
is beginning to break — so'm I. This pack ! And Ma wanted 
to know if I needed more clothes, and fur caps, and knitted 
socks. Thunderation ! Don't get ahead of the line — one — 
two — water! I'd sell my soul for a swig. When you need 
something you need it. Halt ! Off again. How I hate that 
pack. Not a dry spot in 30 miles — "Sunny France." Oh, 
hell ! Up again. Move along, cattle. Sweat and mud in the 
eyes — you're not getting blind. That pack weighs a ton. Lots 
to think about — one, two — one, two — pack, sweat — one, two — 
chafe, blister, — water ! 

What's that? A pump? Think I'll fall out. Hell, no! 
Not made that way. You'd look like a jackass doing that. 
Tf the other worms can keep moving you can too. Well, we're 
by it and you couldn't drink anyway— some damned German's 
poisoned it most likely. I'm not bumping into you. Well, 
you're wabbly too, so quit growling. Five thousand miles — 
then this. No wonder the Yanks fight like hell. Oh, those 
Germans, — that Kaiser — 1 Another kilometer and I'm done. 



.PERSONAL NARRATIVES 



I don't care if the war goes to hell or the country goes dry or 
what happens. I'm through. I'm no mule. 

There's a church steeple over the edge of the hill. What's 
that he said, our billets right around the corner? Pick it up, 
come along, Yank. What's the captain raving about? Man, 
he's riled. Cussin' because the advance detail hasn't got hot 
coffee for the gang. Give 'em hell, Cap ! "You'll get in, and 
you'll have hot coffee for these men before they go to sleep, 
too, or — ! 1 !*x* !** 1 ! !. Thank God ! Barns with hay in them. 
Chlorinated water! Estaminet "Champagne, Dix Francs." 
"Chocolat Menier." Manure piles. Home again! Oh. boy, 
I'm glad we never fell out, ain't you ? Got a cigarette? Merci 
beaucoup. 



Impressions of French Life 

France has no sewing circles ; she has washing circles. 
The little gatherings of our mothers' days where women 
gathered and neighborhood gossip was exchanged to the ac- 
companiment of clicking thimbles, are unknown in that primi- 
tive country. 

This doesn't mean that confidences anent "Madame So- 
and-So" are not repeated, but it is to the whack of the wash- 
ing paddle that furnishes commas and periods for the con- 
versation. 

One of our wash tubs or wash boards would be consid- 
ered a curiosity. Neither does the thrifty housewife of France 
know aught of boiling suds, but she has nice, clean clothes 
of wondrous whiteness just the same. All are washed in cold 
water and laid out on the grass to dry. She never heard of 
a clothesline, and she wouldn't know what to do with a clothes 
pin. 

Most of the French villages are built along the banks of 
little creeks or small rivers. The municipal authorities have 
selected a central place along the stream, convenient for the 
villagers, and built the "washing place." This is done by sink- 
ing a sort of low sea-wall, built of concrete, and a step upon 
which the women may kneel as they lean over and float their 
clothes in the stream, and beat them with long-handled wooden 
paddles. 

So far as I could find out, they seem to have certain 
neighborhood laundry parties. They go together in friendly 
groups, and keep up a sort of rhythmic paddling on their half- 
floating and half-submerged clothes. Then it is that they 
chatter merrily away. 

When one of the ladies has an unusually tempting bit of 
neighborhood news, all will stop and listen while the historian 
narrates the terrible tale, illustrated with the shrugs and ges- 
tures peculiar to the French people. Then all will return to 
their washing task, and register indignation over Madame de 
Jones' behavior with vigorous and chastising whacks of their 
laundry paddles. 

In many of the provincial villages where no stream is 
available, the municipal authorities build in some section of 
the town or village what appears at first sight to be a nata- 
torium. It is always roofed, but left with the sides opened. 

Here it is the French villagers truly have a washing circle, 
for the natatoriums are invariably built in circular form. The 
women wash and chatter as the mood seizes them, and they 
look forward to "wash day" with pleasant anticipation, for over 
there even the dreaded "wash day" has its distinct social ad- 
vantages. 

Our men, when they first saw those round w^sh houses, 
mistook them for village natatoriums. Many a Yank sneaked 
out before the bugler "couldn't get him up" to take an early 
morning swim. But early as he was, Mrs. Frog was there 
ahead, whacking merrily away at the family linen. 

Their soap is poor and they eagerly seized upon the Yanks' 
government soap, quickly recognizing its superior washing 
qualities. The water is unbelievably soft. In fact, so soft 
it is hard to rinse the soap from your body after bathing. 

Whether the big Frogs and little Froggies wear buttons 
on their clothes I am unable to say. If they do they must be 
wonderful buttons. Every bit of laundry we entrusted to 
Mrs. Frog came back sans dirt, sans snaps and sans buttons. 
the result of the poundings of their wooden paddle. 



Captain Raymond Benson, an Iowan with our command, 
once gave a nice little Mrs. Frog an O. D. uniform to wash. 
It was covered with mud. Mrs. F. did a thorough job. When 
it came back every metal button on it was pounded as flat as 
a Frenchman's pocket. 

Mended but Buttonless 

Our clothes were always sent home neat and wonderfully 
mended, but without buttons. If you sent socks, they were 
returned with every hole darned with the most exquisite nee- 
dlework imaginable, but that the buttons were gone she never 
noticed. Among the other things we Yanks left behind over 
there were buttons — millions and millions of them. 

The French housewife is a wonderful needle woman. 
Love of lace and dainty embroideries are hers by inheritance, 
and her nimble fingers supply them. Table linen in even the 
most humble of French homes is wonderful. All are trimmed 
and embroidered in the most exquisite fashion. No French 
woman is so poor that she doesn't own laces that would make 
her American sister pale with envy. Much of them she has 
inherited from ancestors of past generations ; still more she 
has made herself. All French women ply the needle with 
amazing dexterity. Even the little girl kiddies can sew. It is 
natural with them. 

French homes have many peculiarities, particularly those 
in small cities and provincial towns. Of ventilation they know 
nothing. Their homes are neat, clean, nicely curtained and 
inviting. 

French beds are strange. All have canopies, daintily cov- 
ered with a sort of chintz. Bed springs are unknown, and 
beds are made soft with ticks. Pillows are used only to make 
the beds look "nice." To sleep on one, the Frog and his fam- 
ily would consider a sacrilege. He even has bed clothing that 
resembles an old feather bed in its thickness. 

(Evidently the writer had not come into contact with the 
big square pillows and long round bolster so common on the 
continent. The sleeper was expected to use both, and often 
madame was greatly concerned that the odd Americans refus- 
ed to put so much under their heads, and even refused to use 
the great, square billowy cover that rested on the middle of 
the bed. Truly "Les Americains sont fous." Mais oui. — 
E. J. D. L.) 

Occasionally you see on the floor of some peasant home a 
wonderful Oriental rug — probably centuries old, and priceless. 
It is an heirloom, inherited from some remote ancestor. Noth- 
ing in the home corresponds to it in the way of furnishings. 

Carpets, as we understand them, are like the washtubs 
and washboards — unknown to France. Floors are "rugged," 
save where some affluent Frog has a home with a wooden 
floor. He is so proud of that wooden floor that he wouldn't 
cover it up with a rug for worlds. Ninety per cent of all 
French floors are of stone. 

Mrs. Frog Is "Some Cook" 

French cuisine is famous all over the world, and gas- 
tronomic experts will so attest. 

The just-returned Yank would tell you the same thing, 
but in more homely fashion. He would probably say: "Mrs. 
Frog is SOME cook!" 

Let me add that when it comes to meal preparation, the 
lady of the French household registers 110 per cent. This, 
too, despite the fact that she has but a small part of the cook- 
ing utensils our home folks possess. 

When it comes to cooking, Mrs. Frog registers 100 per 
cent. A cook stove or range would be as strange to her as 
one of our laundry outfits. Not even the taverns in south and 
central France have a range. Cooking is all done in a fire- 
place. Of cooking utensils, Mrs. Frog has but a scattering of 
ancient pots and pans. But from these she can produce a 
wonderful dinner. 

Everywhere in France, even in the most humble homes, 
dinner is a matter of importance. Everything is served in 
courses. First the soup is eaten and the dishes removed before 
the fish is brought. Each vegetable is served separately. Two 
things to eat at the same time on the same table are unheard 



48 



Personal Narratives 



of in Frogland. Rather would he eat with his knife than 
have his food set before him all at once, insists the Frog. 

Travelers through France, we had the greatest difficulty 
to make the French people where we were billeted understand 
the Yank wanted everything set before him when he started 
to eat. 

But our greatest difficulty came when we tried to get it 
through the Frog's head that we wanted "breakfast." He 
couldn't understand it, and what's more he didn't propose to 
understand it. 

"What," he exclaimed in his voluble style, "eat in the 
morning. Who ever heard of such a thing?" 

The Frog has a little bit of bread or a roll and a sip or 
two of cholocate in the morning, usually in bed, brought bv a 
maid or one of the daughters, but his first real food comes at 
his lunch, served at noon. And it is nothing heavier than an 
omelet. 

In one town, St. Loubra, it was, I managed to get the 
Frenchman to understand that 40 men of our convoy wanted 
breakfast, and wanted it early in the morning. The getting 
up early part was all right, but the breakfast was another 
matter. When finally told it was the militaire, it was dif- 
ferent. No Frog will dispute the wisdom of an order from 
the '"militaire." He just does it, and no questions. 

On this Thanksgiving morning at 4:30 A, M., our men 
got the promised "breakfast." Soup was served first. The 
fish followed. An entree came next, and a roast was the 
principal item of the bill of fare. The Frog stood by, watched 
our Yanks dig into the "breakfast," shook his head sadly, 
shrugged his expressive shoulders and said nothing. He had 
"made good," but it took him all night to do it. 

A score or more of miles away toward the fighting line, 
our convoy that same day had lunch. Again came the soup- 
fish, entree, vegetable, meat, salad, coffee, cheese and a cigaret, 
and all served in courses. Thirty miles nearer the front that 
Thanksgiving night we had dinner, and, as per usual, it came 
along in sections, starting with soup and ending with the coffee 
and cheese. It was a merry and gastronomical holiday. 



A French woman without warning, can cook a mighty pala- 
table dinner or lunch for 40 hungry soldiers in 40 consecutive 
minutes, using nothing better than her little assortment of an- 
cient pots and pans, and cooking it over the always dependable 
family fireplace. In fact she can get the meals without diffi- 
cult}-, and a dozen little Froggies hovering around her doesn't 
seem to bother. 

She was always nice when our convoy would pull up and 
show our cards and ask for food. Pleased she seemed to be 
when the Yanks showed their appreciation by "cleaning up." 
We were allowed approximately two dollars a day to ration 
each man, and the French women were glad to get the money. 
At first their charges were comparatively reasonable. But 
Mrs. Frog is quick and receptive. She quickly got the Amer- 
ican viewpoint so far as money was concerned and shifted her 
scale of charges accordingly. 

If we did nothing else for France, we taught France to 
chew gum. The chicle habit had never before invaded that 
country. All soldiers find company and consolation in gum 
and chew it habitually. First we gave it to the French kid- 
dies and they swallowed it. Truth be told, for a time we about 
ruined the digestion of youthful France. But the juvenile 
Frog is hard}', and he recovered. Now he has learned to chew 
gum with all the dexterity of a Shubert chorus girl. The 
kiddies would do anything for a Yank if he would give them 
a slab of gum. Mam'selle, the big sister, proved an apt pupil, 
and soon achieved the art, and once in a while we found an 
old father Frog who liked his gum. 

Since the Yanks have been coming home from overseas, 
the public have heard much of the men suffering from jaun- 
dice. Doctors have said it was due to a change of diet and 
the release of men from the anxieties of war, which in turn, 
interfered with digestive machinery. 

I'll tell the truth. There is no jaundice — the digestive ap- 
paratus is just as good as ever and still working good. 

The men turn yellow from French garlic, which they have 
learned to eat in capious quantities, and which they now miss. 

Jaundice, no — garlic, yes. — A. G. Bainbridge, Jr., Manager 
Shubert Theater, Minneapolis, Minn. Lt, Hq. Co., 337th F. A. 



Our Fallen Heroes 



By Lucien O. Holman, Flint, Mich. 

There is many a spot in France and other parts of Europe 
that will ever be remembered with profoundest reverence by 
the living soldiers who were the comrades of the men who 
sleep there. There are many American cemeteries in Europe, 
and each is a spot that must be forever beautiful to American 
people, and especially so to American soldiers now living who 
fought along those battle lines. 

On the side of a gently sloping hill in Eastern France 
there is a bit of landscape that will ever be sacred to men of 
the 88th Div. who have now returned from the fighting and 
will always be remembered by them with silent reverence. It 
is an American cemetery, near the edge of a bit of woodland 
just a few miles from the village of Hericourt and not far 
from the ancient city of Belfort, where are buried several 
hundred American soldiers, among them many of our com- 
rades. This resting place of our men and of so many other 
soldiers is a most beautiful spot nestled in a broad valley and 
surrounded by magnificently rolling hills. At each grave is 
a white wooden cross bearing a metal identification plate on 
which is the soldier's name, number, regiment and company, 
and other information concerning his death. A little river 
flows along the lower side of the cemetery, singing a rippling 
lullably and keeping the flowers and the grass green and 
fresh as it goes on its way to the sea. The tall trees of the 
woodland which skirts one side of the cemetery seem, in their 
silence, to be bowing their heads in perpetual reverence of 
the glorious dead. Ofttimes in the sultry summer afternoons 
the tallest of the trees throw their shadows far out over the 
myriads of beautiful flowers which the loving hands of French 
women have hung in wreaths upon the crosses and scattered 
in clusters upon the gravis, ;is though trying to protect thorn 
from the heat of the summer sun. 

To the southward may be seen the blue outline of the 
Swiss mountains. To the east the Vosges mountains slope 



abruptly down to rolling fields. The West, as the sun sinks 
toward the rim of the hills at the end of the day, is filled with 
the radiant crimson and pink of the sunset. Of a sudden the 
air is filled with the ringing of beautifully blended bells — it 
is the ringing of the Angelus, filling the air with music. And 
when the music dies away in echoes across the valley a rev- 
erent evening quietness settles over the graves of our heroes. 
Such is their resting place : and these splendid hills and 
valleys where they lie will be eternally eloquent landscapes to 
us. And we who live hear these fallen comrades say to us — 
a challenge clear and strong and unmistakable — 

We are the dead .... 
To you from falling hands we throw 
The Torch. Be yours to hold it high ; 
If ye break faith with us who die 
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow 
In Flanders fields. 

Having given the last full measure of devotion for their 
country, they throw the Torch of Honor to us. If we are 
to make good their sacrifices, we must see that this America 
for which they fought is protected from every foe from 
within and from without. And we will not fail if we do not 
break faith with them! 

Their death is a challenge to us! Animated by the noblest 
nf ideals and impelled by a force as inevitable as the force 
that makes the tides of the sea, they went out to the field of 
battle and died. The ideals for which they gave their lives 
must never be allowed to become less noble in our sight nor 
must there ever come a time when the honor and protection 
of the country will not be worth as great a sacrifice as they 
paid to protect it. We must not cease to remember them : 
for them we must bold the Torch high : for them we must 



Personal Narratives 



4V 



never cease to be quick to honor the uniform and respect the 
flag under which they fought. 

Because her men were noble, the commonwealth must be- 
come nobler still as the years go on. Because our men died 
for high ideals, we must live for high ideals. Because of 
them we must as individuals, as communities, as a nation, rise 
from anything that is base in public life and governmental 
affairs to that which is worthy. The memory of our fallen 
heroes must be an inspiration forever to those of us who sur- 
vive them, and because of them our goal, which is indeed the 
goal of the nation, must be the ideal commonwealth where 
loyalty is each citizen's chiefest passion. 

The sacrifices and the bravery that are mutely told by 
the thousands of white crosses that fleck the hills and valleys 
of Europe from Flanders to Archangel must be to us a per- 
petual challenge to clean and honest manhood and loyal Amer- 
ican citizenship. 



Ducks in Hallowe'en Prank 

At dusk on Hallowe'en our squad of six of the 2d Bn. 
Liaison Sect,, 349th Inf., had filled our canteens, rolled our 
blankets, received our password and slipped out of the little 
village of Beuthviller, Alsace, and wended our way along a 
camouflaged road to Bauschwiller, here we turned to our 
right and crossed a large, marshy field. We were nearing the 
canal where one of our outposts was on duty. It was the 
last fading light of day and each one was advancing with the 
quietness of a cat. Suddenly an awful clatter and fluttering 
caused us to fall flat for further investigation. The noise 
proved to be only a flock of wild ducks that we had startled 
from their rest. 

Hallowe'en is spooky enough and I don't think that any 
of the six, Privates Brolliar, Roup, Vogebein, Olson, myself 
and Corporal Dauer will ever forget our first real scare on 
Xo Man's Land. — Lee Norris, Ainsworth, la. 



Religion in Crucible of War 



Gondrecourt, France, March, 1919. 

Does the soldier have a religion? There are some who 
say that he does not. They claim that there is no place in the 
soldier's life for religion — that his every act is antagonistic to 
religion. What is the basis of such an answer? If it is the 
superficial evidence so often used, he certainly has little or 
no religion. If we are to consider religion in terms of me- 
chanical form, in church attendance, in public prayers, in oral 
testimonies, he is altogether bankrupt, but if we are to con- 
sider religion in terms of feeling, attitude, ideal, and service, 
then he of all men is certainly religious. 

The soldier is observed, first of all. in his period of prep- 
aration. The evidence of his religious life is seen in the eager 
willingness with which he volunteered his service or the en- 
thusiasm with which he answered the call in the draft when 
he saw the outrage perpetrated on the world and on all that 
he held worth while by the organized forces of militarism. 
He counted the cost. He said good-by to those whom he lov- 
ed without hesitation. He set his face toward the enemy with 
a determination born out of the innate righteousness of his 
soul. To him defeat was unthinkable. Victory filled his en- 
tire horizon. He came into camp with its entire new life. 
Rules and regulations were imposed from without. Physical 
comforts were reduced to the minimum. The most menial 
labor became a daily duty. The life of exaggerated individ- 
ualism was abandoned entirely for a highly specialized group 
life, where the individual became a mere atom in the great 
war machine. To the new situation he adapted himself with 
amazing rapidity. He submitted to direction and authority, 
was reconciled to the self-denials imposed with an enthusiasm 
that is only possible where there is a high ideal, a sense of 
justice and moral purpose. Slaves do not thus submit. There 
is a driving force that comes only with the consciousness of 
the justice of the cause in which the soldier is engaged. He 
worked not as one who was compelled from without, but as 
one who was impelled from within by the dynamic of a great 
ideal. 

In many cases the period of preparation was brief. The 
soldier was hurried onward from place to place, from situa- 
tion to situation, across the sea toward the stage of action 
where the destiny of the world was at stake. For him the 
period of preparation was soon at an end. He was thousands 
of miles from home in a strange land under most abnormal 
conditions. He was now in the fight, but the same moral 
enthusiasm was manifest. He waded through mud and rain, 
he stood hours in the trenches, he awaited the order to go 
over the top and he rushed out into No Man's Land, not be- 
cause he was ordered to do so, but because he was lured on 



by the power of his great ideal. He fought, he suffered, and 
he died with a confidence born of an eternal hope, a hope that 
caused' the foe to quake and to hesitate, and in the end to 
turn backward in defeat. 

Always a Manly Response 

At no time in the period of preparation in the States or 
on the eve of active participation in the fight, has one wit- 
nessed a stampede in the rushing of masses of soldiers, 
through fear, to God, for deliverance from approaching death. 
There was always a manly response to the challenge of the 
eternal truth. There was impatience with all attempts of mis- 
guided souls who sought to arouse and appeal to feelings, as 
has so often been done in improperly conducted revivals. The 
soldier, of all men, is quickest to detect the unreal, the sham, 
subterfuge, and camouflage. All superficialities, he waves 
aside, and demands that we deal only with the real, the eternal 
verities of life. He prefers to be judged by his deeds rather 
than by his words. 

In the great conflict of ideals with ideals religion has 
shown itself to be decidedly more than church affiliation, par- 
ticular creed or ceremony, as important as these are. Men 
who ate together, slept in the same bunk, worked side by 
side, and fought shoulder to shoulder, have regarded each 
other, not for their church preference or pet beliefs, but rather 
for what they were and for what they did as real honest-to- 
God men in the greatest fraternity in the m6st worthy cause 
that could challenge the attention of strong men. Certainly no 
one would condone the willful misdoings of men anywhere, 
but he must be blind, indeed, who has not seen, many times dur- 
ing this struggle, the deepest loyalty to truth stand out in all its 
glory, when the rough exterior which obscured it had been 
consumed in the crucible. 

Man\' times that which had been pronounced gold by the 
old superficial judgments, has proved to be dross, and that 
which has been condemned as worthless has stood the fires of 
test and has shone forth with all the luster of pure gold. 

Soldiers have not only come to regard each other on this 
true basis of religion, but they have come to a new apprecia- 
tion of the minister as represented in the chaplains in the 
army. Living with them daily, they have found them to be 
human. They have discovered that they are possessed with 
all the normal appetites and desires common to men— that they 
live in much the same world as themselves. They have found 
Chaplains who . were lovers of fun, who were leaders in 
athletics, and who. were afraid of neitM&* men nor devils. 
Men who have felt that the minister's knowledge was limited 
to hymns and the Bible have been surprised to find him with 



50 



Personal Narratives 



a liberal education and interested in every phase of life. Even 
in the test applied by the army itself, the soldier has seen the 
Chaplain, who is only a minister by profession, measure well 
up toward the top. The respect for the minister and his re- 
ligion has been greatly increased because of this new army 
relation. 

Minor Differences Lost 

The ministers have made no less a discovery than the 
soldier. They have come to know, to respect and to love each 
other. They have found after all that denominational differ- 
ences are secondary and not of primary importance. The 
Catholics and Protestants have co-operated most closely, be- 
cause they have regarded fundamental principles alone. Prot- 
estants have lost sight of minor differences among themselves, 
and have set to their common task with a combined effort 
which has produced most wonderful results. No finer illus- 
tration of this new spirit of religious tolerance can be found 
than the Jewish Passover held in Gondrecourt, April 1919. 
The service was held in the Salvation Army Hut. The ritual 
was read, and the elements consecrated by the Jewish Wel- 
fare Secretary. After the religious feast, a Y. M. C. A. di- 
rector introduced a Methodist Chaplain for the address. After 
the address, a Y. M. C. A. troop made up of both Protestants 
and Catholics furnished the entertainment for the hundreds 
of Jews present. Such a service prior to the great testing 
through which we have just passed, would have been impos- 
sible. 

The ministers also have discovered the men through these 
army contacts as they never could have done otherwise. They 
know men's temptations. They have seen that men are to be 
judged by their purposes, their convictions, their ideals, their 
struggles, rather than by a few words, a few disconnected 
acts, or the donation of a few dollars more or less to the 
support of the church. They have been able to talk with men 
from their own point of view, and have a new regard for 
men whom they were accustomed to condemn as rough because 
they themselves were often effeminate. They have found that 
men will respond to a moral challenge that is worthy of a 
man's effort. Their faith has been strengthened both in men 
and in their own Gospel Message. 

It may well be said that this has been a religious war so 
far as the American soldier and the American people are con- 
cerned. They have opened their treasuries. They have pooled 
their natural resources. They have offered their common 
prayer to a common God, and have laid their lives on the 
altar of World Service. They asked for no material reward. 
Hardships, suffering, even death itself lost their terror. Un- 
selfish Sacrifice became a pleasure in the consciousness that 
new life and new liberty were being brought to the whole 
world. Men everywhere have had a new vision. They have 
seen themselves stewards of God, guardians of truth. They 
have suddenly found themselves co-partners with the Eternal 
Builder, creating a new world of human relationships in which 
justice and righteousness shall prevail. They have found the 
sure way to life through death, and they have been exceed- 
ingly glad. 

Out of the great ordeal, religion comes recognized by all 
as a vital dynamic, charging every phase of life. It is no 
longer to be considered a formal static profession appropriate 
alone for the stupid and the dead. Now that there is time to 
reflect and to properly evaluate the forces operating in the 
great struggle the soldier's religion is seen to be the one 
mighty impelling power, without which the present victory 
would have been impossible, and the future peace of the world 
would be hopeless.— Alpha H. Kenna, Senior Chaplain, 88th 
Div. 



How 175th Brig. Show was Named 

Long before the A. E. F. sent out the G. O. assigning 
commissioned officers with the theatrical detachments organ- 
ized from talent of the ranks, Gen. William "Babe" Stewart 
assigned 1st Lt. Hoyt S. Brown and Mus. Billy Billingsley 
to organize and produce a theatrical company from the 175th 



Brig. The troupe had been on the go for several days, when 
a "rumor" reached the detachment in St. Mihiel that there 
was a rivalry between the brigade show and the "Who Can 
Tell" show which at that time was beginning to take form. 
The 175th Brig, show then moved from the St. Mihiel sector 
back to Toul, at which place it was to play a week's engage- 
ment in the Comedy Theater. Upon arrival in Toul, the 
lieutenants in the entertainment office of the 2d Army, gave 
the information they were A. W. O. L., and the proper au- 
thorities did not know where they were. There was some 
excitement for a few minutes, as the detachment did not know 
they had ever been lost. 

When the 175th Brig, show reported in Toul it was greet- 
ed with "Here are the runaways at last." From then on they 
were known as "General Stewart's Runaways," for General 
Stewart was responsible for the creation of the theatrical 
company for the benefit of his men. The only running away 
the show knew of, was with the honors among the shows of 
the Division.— Billy Billingsley, 310 West Walnut St., Des 
Moines, la. 



Christmas in France 

Plans for Thanksgiving dinners were spoiled for the Di- 
vision in the 2d Army area by the order to move to Gondre- 
court in 1918, so nothing was permitted to prevent a real cele- 
bration of Christmas. The French "kiddies" did not know 
much about Santa Claus or Christmas trees, and for five years 
their "Noel" had been rather tame. So the local juvenile pop- 
ulation came in for a treat and every company had some sort 
of a "blow-out" and special feed. Circumstances did not con- 




At left — Lt. Sterling Kelly, Harvev L. Pries, mess sergeant 
Hq. Co., 350th Inf., Lt. Chas. Dawson, Chaplain Luther Maul- 
berg, Menaucourt, Dec. 24, 1918. 



tribute greatly toward obtaining much of a menu or to cook- 
ing, but wonderful results were achieved frequently. The il- 
lustration shown herewith gives an idea of what was in store 
for the men of Hq. Co., 350th Inf., at Monaucourt. Besides 
the roast cochons and "biftek" there were "pommes de terre" 
mashed (not "frit") with gravy, creamed corn, celery, olives, 
cake, doughnuts, raisins, nuts, coffee, smokes and Croix 
Rouge gum, or perhaps it was issue. 




RICH VILLAGER'S HOME 

'*"» 1 1 (6«-LoisOr«CtNTS) 

Typical French Peasant Home. 



Personal Narratives 



51 



Those "Customs of the Service" 

With the infusion of so much civilian blood into the offi- 
cer ranks of the army many of the venerable "customs of the 
service" went by the board. It was the desire of the new ele- 
ment to observe as many of the traditions as could be discov- 
ered and publishers of military text books and guides did a 
thriving business in everything that would enlighten the novice 
in what was expected of an officer, socially and officially — 
things unwritten and untaught in training camps yet of the 
force of law. Overzealousness on the part of some officers, 
especially the "looie-est" of the "looies," led to ludicrous sit- 
uations sometimes. 

Small commands at permanent posts in peace times was 
one thing, and a large army in active service was another. Old 
forms and courtesies had to change. But the fledglings did 
not all think of this. A few, who had read and re-read the 
chapter on "Customs of the Service" and rehearsed what they 
should do when reporting on their first assignment, left the 
sin on the side of commission rather than omission. It was 
not uncommon, for instance, to have a young lieutenant, suit 
case in hand, present himself at Division Headquarters at 
22d St and ask directions to the residence of the Commanding 
General. A little inquiry would disclose that he bore the usual 
order to proceed to Camp Dodge and "report on arrival to 
the Commanding General thereof," and he was obeying or- 
ders. 

Regulations also direct that on being assigned to a post 
and reporting for duty, an officer make both an official call 
and a call of courtesy. Some officers did call on the general 
at his residence. Had all lived up to this requirement so lit- 
erally the commander's house would have been overwhelmed 
with callers. 

Must Have Been Amusing 

It must have been amusing to the army-bred officers some- 
times, and a pang of regret must have been felt, over the 
elimination of some of the pretty, old-time ways. It is not 
to be wondered at, also, if some gave way to a feeling of 
resentment at this quick usurpation of their bailiwick by the 
influx from civil life. But, on the whole, it must be said that 




Men's Bunks Aboardship. 

the relations between regular army and reserve officers was 
for the best interest of the army's success. 

Probably all divisions had their instances of exceptions, 
particularly between West Pointers and National Guard or 
National Army officers. (This designation of "U. S. N. G.," 
"U. S. N. A." or "U. S. R." was later abolished.) There is 
the notable case of the 26th Div., some of whose ex-officers 
refused to attend a dinner to General Pershing. They were 
among officers who had been relieved of their commands in 
France. 

This matter of relationships between professional and 
amateur officers is one which could be followed with consid- 
erable interest. While professionals might resent breachs of 
precious codes and violations of vague ethics, the citizen officer 
was by no means the only one open to criticism. He had his 
code, too, the code of the man out in the world among men, 
and if the truth is to be indulged it must be admitted that he 
did not wholly approve of what "the service" makes of a man 
from the specimens he met. The thing that detracted from 
discipline among officers more than anything else was that the 
civilians, after contact with the professional officer in his own 
element, believed themselves superior morally, mentally, physi- 



cally and spiritually — that is, in everything that they had 
learned to cherish as the attributes of a man. 

Were "Almost Simple" 

On general topics outside of military matters that interest 
thinking people, the reserve officer found the regular surpris- 
ingly uninformed, and this did not serve to increase his re- 
spect for him. As one (a lawyer) put it, "They are almost 
simple." In comparing reserve and regular officers, the con- 
viction was general that the latter did not have the grasp on 
their own profession that the others quickly evinced, due to 
the changes in war methods. It is a fact that when the United 
States Army went into training to go to France, the regular 
officers were almost as green as the reservists. Not only 
that, but they were handicapped with traditions, a knowledge 




A Rough Day on the Ocean. 

of and loyalty to old ways and standards. An army-bred man 
is nothing if not "set" in his habits of thought and action. 
Changes are unwelcome. It is hard to learn new tricks. 

There was a decided suspicion among reserve officers that 
the accepted "army life" must have been such as to be deroga- 
tory to the individual. Hard-headed, narrow-minded, ill-in- 
formed, visionless, and thinking only "by direction," the "reg- 
ular" had lost touch with the real, pulsing world and remained 
in an abnormal community of his own — the same today as 
tomorrow, ten years from now or 50 years ago. Exceptions, 
of course, were pleasurably frequent. 

These observations are set down as the expressed opin- 
ions of so many reserve officers who in civil life are men of 
large affairs that there is no fear of perpetuating a personal 
conviction in a permanent book without due support. What- 
ever lessons there may be is left for the reader to deduct for 
himself. 



"Some" Squad, This 

Corp. Frank B. Schwack of St. Paul, Minn., is properly 
proud of his little group of men, the 1st Squad of the 1st 
Platoon of Co. C, 339th M. G. Bn. Here are some of the 
reasons, being records of fast work: 

Going into action from cart, mount the gun and fire a shot : 
17 seconds. Going into action from cart, mount gun 50 yards 
in front of cart and fire : 54 seconds. Going into action from 
cart. 100 yards from starting point and fire, 1 minute 37 sec- 
onds. Each man on the squad could assemble the Browning 
Machine gun blindfolded. Every man could name every part 
of the Browning gun mechanism and also the functions making 
it automatic. Every man, except the corporal, was six feet 
tall or taller. 

The members of this "crack" outfit,, besides Corporal 
Schwack, were F. Lantz, J. Downs, F. Besser, P. Zinter, A. C. 
Keniston, H. W. Xickell, B. Osborn, and Moses Smith. 

Capt. Andrew C Tvschen was company commander. 



Stories from "C" 339th M. G. 

Sgt. Roy W. Yates, instructing rookies in squad drill, 
halted the squad and, angered, said to Private Berglund: 
"Can't you hold that pivot?" 
(Berglund) : "Sir, I haven't been issued one yet." 
Private Westby of "goat" fame at Camp Dodge, to Pvt. 
"Gunboat" Smith while in "Bloody Alsace" : 
"Dunboat, Dunboat, Didup ! Das!" 
But there happened to be no "gas" that time. 



52 



Personal Narratives 



It's all Amusing — Now 

Say, buddies of old Co. B of the Engineers, remember 
the old long hikes we used to take over the rocky roads? 

"Allison, pull in on your butt.'' 

"Xcislie. get in step!" 

"Fistcr, hold the pivot." Oh, Boy ! ! 

Then at Fontaine, remember the little French stove we 
swiped and how we used to crowd around it at night, sing, 
tell stories, and talk on every subject imaginable? 

At St. Mihiel, our mess-hall in the square? The Christ- 
mas we spent there? Remember the "latest dope?" 

At Demange, the mud floor and the double bunks? And 
"Weinie," how the boys used to celebrate? How we used to 
beat it across the canal to get away from the top? 

Oh, Bov ! Some memories, eh ? — "Bug" W. B. Fletcher, 
Co. B, 313th Eng. 



"Who Won the War?" 

The 88th had one distinction among many of the combat 
units that got to the front — its members did not claim they 
won the war. Most of the other "outfits" did. it will be re- 
called. The 26th, 28th, 35th, 32d, 42d, 33d and the 77th— per- 
haps especially the 77th — ask almost any of them who won the 
war. They will gladly volunteer voluble information on the 
point. And it won't be the answer the fellows used to give 
sometimes for the benefit of the red-banded "cops" in Gon- 
drecourt. They would cluster in a tight group like melody 
yodlers near a busy traffic corner, and the leader would sing 
out lustily : 



"Who won the war?" 
Then all together: 
"The M. P.'s!" 
Once again the soloist : 
"Who backed them up?" 
Answer (double F) : 
"The Y. M. C. A." 

No, the 88th didn't win the war by its own unaided ef- 
forts, or get into the worst of the bloody fighting, but for 
some 700 or so families of soldiers the experiences of the Di- 
vision were as much as the Marne, Verdun, Gallipoli and the 
Argonne rolled into one. It did not make much difference to 
the mother, wife, sweetheart or father whether the commu- 
nique read "There is nothing to report from this sector," or 
"Furious fighting took place;" when HIS life went out the 
most tragic battle in history took place. It did not lighten the 
blow that he met his death in a "quiet" sector or in a losing 
battle with the "flu" in some cold dingy billet. 

And for hundreds of the men (which includes officers) 
there was plenty of the terror that tries men's souls. No one 
knows how many hearts quaked or how many learned again 
how to pray. So the man's name is purposely omitted from 
the following sent in by Cloice C. Harrison, 1520 S. Barrett 
St., Sedalia, Mo. : 



"I wonder if 



told his folks about telling 



Jamison to pray for him on the night of the bombardment, 
Oct. 12, 1918." 

Private Blank was probably not the only one who secretly 
or otherwise desired supplication that night, and one man when 
put in charge of a post by Lieut. "Jack" Richards admitted 
that he was too frightened to undertake it. Yet when the 
test came he proved a real hero and was decorated for the work 
he did. It was no disgrace to have shaking knees at first, but 
the men of the 88th showed it was not a chronic affliction with 
them. 



Personal Narratives 



53 




Note — Company Marching in Newport News is Co. H, not Co. A, as stated. 



PART 3 



History of the 35 2d Infantry 

By David S. Owen, First Lieutenant Infantry 



Bonnet (Meuse), France, Feb. 15, 1919. 

(Introduction: Perhaps, if this regimental history were to 
l>. gin with what may oe termed a "moral", light would be 
thrown on the regiment's practise and its hopes for how 
inat practise would have stood it in good stead. 

The regiment wishes, like any regiment of real men 
would wish, that it had got into the fight earlier, that it had 
had its chance at Chateau Thierry, or in Flanders or in the 
Argonne. It is believed that its men would have been brave, 
that its training would have told. 

Back at Camp Dodge, the regiment drilled from 6 A. M. 
to 7:30 P. M. with the minimum of intervals for catching 
its breath and eating its meals. It put energy and muscle 
and mind into learning all that could be learned on the drill 
field and in the lecture room on how to fight. It learned 
close order drill, to shoot, to dig. It memorized parapet, fire- 
step, trench depth dimensions. It deployed at double time 
under every day's hot sun. It crawled on its belly against 
a thousand waving semaphore flags, imaginative representa- 
tions of German rear guard machine gunners. 

In these prticular phases of fighting it developed that 
the regiment was not to have a chance to show its knowledge, 
to try its hand. 

But one of the things it learned at Camp Dodge and in 
subsequent overseas training were the parts of the Brown- 
ing Automatic Rifle. It learned to take the gun down and 
to put it together in less than six minutes: blindfolded, it 
learned to do the same thing in less than ten minutes. 

And, at a quarter after six on the morning of Oct. 29, a 
few months later in 1917, a crack Boche patrol, an outfit of 
Germans who did nothing but raiding, attacked on the heels 
of a box barrage an outpost of Company I, 352d Regiment. 
In the quiet sector of Altkirch in Alsace, where so many 
American divisions have had their first actual trench ex- 
perience. Privates Harold H. Crosby and C. E. Boyd were 
on dutv at their post in observation. Immediately upon the 
lifting'of the barrage, thev were joined by Corporal Johnson. 
The corporal ordered Boyd to the rear because Boyd was 
badlv wounded. He took up Boyd's automatic rifle and be- 
gan firing. Crosby threw grenades. 

There were some 40 of the Germans. They came from 
two directions, in single file. Crosby was wounded severely 
in both arms and legs. The Germans were throwing hand 
grenades and shooting their Duger pistols. But th<» work 
of the two Americans halted them. Then Corporal Johnson's 
automatic jammed. There was sand in it. "Keep throwing 
them," he commanded Crosby. Then Corporal Johnson whip- 
ped down his automatic rifle across his knees, dissembled it, 
cleaned it, assembled it and took up the fire. 

The Germans were beaten. They didn't kill or capture 
him. They left one prisoner, and one dead. 

No, the 352d wasn't in at Chateau Thierry, in Flanders 
or the Argonne. Really, for all its hard months of prepara- 
tion, it onlv touched actual swords with the enemy at the 
I Company outpost. But the regiment wishes, as any regi- 
ment of real men would wish, that it had had its big chance. 
It believes that its men would have been brave, that its 
training would have told. — D. S. O.) 



The start of the 3S2d Regiment was something like this: 
Major Clyde E. Hawkins, then of the Q. M. C. and Remount 
Service, was inspecting at Kansas City, Mo., a large lot of 
horses under consideration of purchase by the U. S. govern- 
ment, on the 25th of August, 1917. He was examining a 
curious fetlock — or was it a wither? He was handed a tele- 
gram from the War Department at Washington, which an- 
nounced that he was a colonel of infantry, and that he would 
report for duty with the 88th Division at Camp Dodge, la. 

'The Colonel made his way to the new cantonment, re- 
ported to General F. H. Plummer, and was informed that he 
was assigned to the 352d Infantry. 

For several days Colonel Hawkins was the whole regi- 
ment. Then Major Henry J. Meyer, until recently captain of 
a troop of colored cavalry that had done notable service with 
General J. J. Pershing in Mexico some months previous, re- 
ported to the colonel. Then there were two. In a few days 
there reported Lt. Col. Frank B. Wickam, an infantryman of 
many years' of service. The regiment was taking on propor- 
tions. 

Colonel Hawkins is commander of the regiment today. 
He has been on duty with it every day since the first assign- 
ment, except for a short leave prior to the regiment's depar- 
ture overseas. In every way the regiment bears the stamp of 
the Colonel upon it. It reflects his personality. It is part and 
parcel of him. Like those first few days before his subordi- 
nates reported, it can be said, in somewise, that he is the regi- 
ment. 



He was born in Washington, Pa., Nov. 16, 1869. His fa- 
ther was Alexander Hawkins, who enlisted in the Civil War 
at the age of 17 and rose from the ranks to a captaincy. He 
became a colonel of the 11th Pa. Volunteers and served at that 
regiment's head during the Spanish-American War. Col. 
Alexander Hawkins has had 25 years' service in the Pennsyl- 
vania National Guard. 

Col. Clyde E. Hawkins was educated at the Washington 
and Jefferson College at Washington, Pa., and at the United 
States Military Academy at West Point. A brother went 
through West Point also and became a colonel of the 352d 
Reg., 89th Div., which went through the last phases of the 
Argonne fighting. 

Fought Utes and Moros 

Colonel Hawkins was graduated from West Point in 1895. 
He served his second lieutenancy for three years in the United 
States cavalry. He was promoted and transferred to the 7th 
Cav. and served with that as platoon commander during the 
Spanish-American War. As a first lieutenant the colonel went 
to the Philippines and took part in the quelling of the insur- 
rection there. In 1901 he was promoted to a captaincy of a 
troop in the 2d Cav. While captain he had interesting expe- 
riences in 1907 campaigning against the Utes in South Dakota, 
and in 1911 against the Moros of the Philippines. During 
these years he did the various "border" service that almost 
every army man encounters. 

Colonel Hawkins became a major in the 14th Cav. July 
1, 1916. While at Bonnet, France, he became a lieutenant- 
colonel of cavalry. After the mustering out of the National 
Army, Colonel Hawkins anticipates returning to his old serv- 
ice in the cavalry. 

Lt. Col. Frank B. Wickam was the infantryman of the 
regiment. As Colonel Hawkins said at an infantry dinner. 
"When we want the true infantrj' dope, we go to Colonel 
Wickham, and- we get it." Unfortunately, the record of his 
services, as well of those of the regular army majors who 
have left the regiment are not now obtainable. Colonel Wick- 
ham started from the National Guard as an enlisted man 27 
or 28 years ago. He later decided to make the army his pro- 
fession and passed the examination for a commission. He 
has seen long service with the regular army. Colonel Wick- 
ham was one of the features of the 352d Reg. during his stay 
with it. He had much to do with the organization of the 
unit, and with its training. 

Capt. Oscar A. Iverson had been picked the day the re- 
serve officers reported for duty, Aug. 29, as regimental ad- 
jutant. He was a veteran in the army and had large expe- 
rience in paper work. For some time, it will be remembered, 
he was a most busy man, performing single-handed, the job 
of adjutant, sergeant-major and correspondence clerk. 

Major Henry A. Meyer was a personality whose name is 
still one to conjure with in the regiment, and particularly, in 
his battalion — the first. He was a captain in the 10th Cav. 
before receiving his assignment with ihe 352d Inf. as a major. 
His troop was selected as one to go with the Pershing expe- 
dition into Mexico after bandit Villa. Major Meyer was a 
strict disciplinarian, but a humorous and most likable man. 
He won the respect and quick obedience of his men. 

Fisher Leaves the Regiment 

Major Roland A. Fisher was with the regiment in com- 
mand of the 2d Bn! only a short time, his health making an 
assignment to a southern camp necessarry. He left the regi- 
ment in December, 1917. 

Major Joseph H. Barnard was a team-mate of Major 
Meyer. Together they worked hard and enthusiastically for 



History of the 352d Infantry. 



55 



the regiment. Major Barnard was a cavalryman also. He 
had started his service in the Spanish-American War. The 
3d Bn. improved smartly under Major Barnard's direction. It 
became an organization of quick discipline and great esprit 
de corps. Both majors were about 40 years old. The report 
is that Major Meyer is now a colonel with the 26th Inf. and 
that Major Barnard a lieutenant-colonel with the 353d Inf. 
Both saw fighting in the Argonne. Major Barnard came to 
the regiment early in September. 

In the second week of September, 1917, the officers did 
their first drilling. This deserves its separate paragraph. 
These were the first reserve officers of the first training camp. 
They were something new. Something very important, to 
be sure, if America was to do its part efficiently in the war. 
But they were the "Ninety Day Westpointers." From law 
practices and insurance selling they had become captains and 
lieutenants in three months. With what interest, curiosity 
and amusement Colonel Hawkins, Colonel Wickham and Ma- 
jor Meyer must have watched them from their window in 
regimental headquarters ! 

The first men to come to the regiment were the 5 per cent 
of the draft that volunteered to start the ball rolling in the 
great National Army camps. About 200 of these men arrived 
nearly two weeks in advance of the regular draft. They were 
men of fine caliber. Today, 50 of them are still noncommis- 
sioned officers with the regiment, ten are officers, and a good 
proportion of the others officer candidates. Their lot until the 
first draft came was a minimum of drill with a maximum of 
fatigue. At this time, some 50 regular army noncommission- 
ed officers were assigned to the regiment. 

The first drafted men came on Sept. 20. The officers 
will never forget those first roll calls, the first setting up ex- 
ercises, those first meals. The regimental strength jumped 
from 250 to 2,120. More than 1,000 of the men were from 
Northern Minnesota, some 400 from North Dakota. 

Drill was commenced under division schedules. The regi- 
ment worked hard. Regimental spirit was fostered. The 3d 
Bn. marched past Division Headquarters and astonished with 
"Over There" sung in unison by the entire battalion, every 
man lustily at it and in step. The regiment took it up, and 
soon units over the division were noted for their mass singing. 
The drilling by the officers was done with great enthusiasm — 
why shouldn't it have been ? At any moment might come the 
order to entrain for the embarkation point. 

Were We Replacements? 

On Nov. 20, began a succession of orders which transfer- 
red almost everyone of these men to Camp Pike, Ark. The 
period following that was one of police guard and doubt. 
Were we a unit in a replacement division? Some 400 men 
remained in the organization. The officers and noncommis- 
sioned officers went to school all through the cold winter 
months and did guard duty. A guard detail would be called 
for from a company at least once a week, sometimes three 
times a week. To a number of the now older noncommis- 
sioned officers of the regiment, the most lasting memories of 
this may well be those of cold winter nights of 1917-1918, 
when they walked post so much. There were relieving fea- 
tures. The barracks were warm. There were some leaves. 
There was the memorable Christmas dinner. 

The division schools for a majority of the officers and a 
great number of the noncommissioned officers, were in gas 
defense, field fortifications, trench mortar, musketry, bayonet 
and automatic arms and for the Headquartrs Co. 37-Mm. and 
signal work. Already Colonel Hawkins had evinced a par- 
ticular interest in the bayonet and had intimated that every 
one of the regiment's officers must become an authority and 
expert in the handling of the weapon. Battalion classes in 
outlined division courses were held daily by Lieutenant Colonel 
Wickham and Majors Meyer and Barnard and the officers in 
turn from these schools would teach the same subject matter 
to the noncommissioned officers. 

This period of the arrival, training, and departure of the 
initial draft was a formative one of the regiment. It ended 
with the companies well organized, the regimental staff well 
organized and with the development of a "considerable esprit 
de corps. During the fall of 1917, battalion football teams 
were organized ; the 2d Bn. won a palm there. A regimental 



team was organized from those three, which snowed under 
with big scores the 350th and 349th teams when it played 
them. There was also a social function of the 352d. the first 
dinner-dance given by a Camp Dodge unit which had its value 
in promoting the regimental esprit de corps upon which the 
colonel of the regiment set great store. 

Major Meyers Goes Overseas 

In the latter part of January, 1918. Major Meyer and 
Major Barnard were ordered overseas. Major Barnard's or- 
der was revoked. Major Meyer was succeeded by Capt. Ivan 
J. Kipp of A Company. Captain Kipp was to receive his ma- 
jority in the following summer. Captain Kipp was a reserve 
captain at the opening of the First Officers' Training Camp 
and was commander of the 7th Co. at the first Ft. Snelling 
Training Camp, the company from which the majority of the 
352d officers came. Major Kipp is a resident of St. Paul, 
Minn., and a graduate of the Shattuck Military Academy at 
Owatonna, Minn. 

In January officers of the 2d Officers' Training Camp were 
attached to the regiment. They helped to drill the next in- 
crement and remained on duty with the regiment until late 
in the .summer when the majority of them were transferred 
to the Depot Brigade. Many remained with the regiment. 
Those who did and came overseas with the unit and are in it 
now are : 

Capt. Howard G. Strunk Capt. Simon Ross 

1st Lt. Charles K. Morse 1st Lt. William E. Hazelrigg 

1st Lt. Earl E. Phifer 1st Lt. Ralph C. McDanel 

1st Lt. John M. Craig 1st Lt. James B. Ladd 

1st Lt. Owen A. Garretson 1st Lt. Clifford C. Rice 
1st Lt. James E. Carey 1st Lt. Headley H. Stuart 

1st Lt. Arthur E. Gelwick 1st Lt. Paul G. Balcar 
2d Lt. Alfred S. Davis 

In the preceding November, Captain Mohler had been as- 
signed to the captaincy of F Company to replace Capt. Sey- 
mour Wells, and Captain Freitag to H Company to replace 
Capt. Percy Bordwell who went to the Division Inspector's 
office. In January Captain Strunk went to G Company to fill 
the vacancy there created by the transfer of Captain Garrett 
and sometime afterwards Captain Ross to K Company to re- 
place Captain Edwin. 

Captain Verl A. Ruth had become regimental adjutant in 
November, Captain Iversen went to the command of Head- 
quarters Co. and Captain Sarles from that company to the 
command of I Company. Assistant Regimental Adjutant Don- 
ald F. Hall had become adjutant of the 2d Bn. and in January 
Lt. Donald A. McGregor became adjutant of the 3d Bn. Lieu- 
tenant Shepherd, formed adjutant, went to L Company. Lt. 
Frank B. Appleby became 1st Bn. adjutant, Lieutenant Garver 
going to the command of D Company. 

In March Lieut. William H. Beebe and Walter T. Potts 
became first lieutenants. On January 4 took place the first 
promotions in the regiment, the following walking up to Divi- 
sion Headquarters and exchanging their gold bars for silver 
ones : 



Frank B. Appleby 
Nelson F. Coburn 
John M. Dougherty 
Chester P. Haycock 
John W. Schrader 
Turlev Cook 
Donald F. Hall 
Robert A. Livingstone 
David S. Owen 



William L. Hassett 
Myles W. Gahan 
George Yates 
Henry J. Kroeger 
Thomas P. O'Connor 
Winfield O. Shrum 
Donald A. McGregor 
Mount Burns 
Lucien H. Hurt 



Second Increment Men Arrive 

The second draft increment came to the regiment Feb. 27, 
1918. There were 1,900 men. They were fine men who dif- 
fered noticably from the men of the other increment because 
a large proportion of them were city and town men. Because 
the officers were much more experienced in drill mastering 
and there was a personnel of noncommissioned officers to help 
much more rapid progress was made with this increment than 
the preceding one. The quick learning of close order drill 
by these men were remarkable. Again, ther was faith that 
we would go over soon and with the men we were drilling. 



History of the 352r> Infantry. 



The regimental "pep'' meeting was held at the Libert}' Theatre 
in Camp Dodge. The colonel, lieutenant-colonel and French 
and British officers and others spoke. There was a minstrel 
show by talent picked from the new men. Each company had 
its yell. That night the officers and men went home, hoarse 
and hearty members of the 352d. 

Then came a succession of orders that transferred almost 
every man of this new draft. By April 6 the regiment had 
returned to a low ebb strength, this time mustering out about 
600 men. Those men went to infantry divisions and engi- 
neer units. Those who went to the infantry divisions saw fight- 
ing in a short time. There were men who left the 3S2d in 
April who were among those replacements hurried up past 
Chateau Thierry to Belleau and Bcuresche Woods in July to 
take the place of the men who had gone down in a magnifi- 
cent stopping of the Boche. This was ascertained by the casu- 
alty list which appeared later and in which many names were 
recognized in Camp Dodge orderly rooms as being men of 
the February increment. Names of other men from the 1917 
draft had already appeared in casualty lists from time to 
time. 

The 352d worked conscientiously and are proud of these 
men whom they have trained. 

It was in the last days of this draft's leaving that the 
regiment started its large bayonet course, ending in a 1,000- 
inch range, the biggest and best course at Camp Dodge. 

Shooting Is Taken Up 

Now comes the period of push and pull. Instead of re- 
lapsing into a stalemate because for the second time we had 
driven in upon us the information that we were members of 
a replacement division, regimental headquarters started in 
to make the regiment a crack shooting regiment in six weeks. 
From early to late we did position and aiming, drill, loaded 
and unloaded dummy cartridges, went through coixrses of 
shooting with the French aiming device, listened to lectures 
on ballistics and the indispensibility of a correct trigger squeeze 
and finally ended with the completion of the actual regulation 
firing course on the range. The members of the regiment will 
recall those umbrous times when the pit detail moved out into 
the darkness, the firing line followed at 1,000 yards and with 
the dawn the first targets showed their heads and the Model 
1917 began to pop. 

D Company led the field in shooting records, M coming 
second. The best individual record was made by Cook Ickler 
of Co. B with a 328 score out of a possible 400. Sgt. Maurice 
Olson of Co. L shot second, with 317. The 500-yard range 
was in the course. This was also the period of the "Model 
Company." This was composed of all the noncommissioned 
officers from all the companies. It was a crack outfit, and 
was designed to harden the NCO's, to teach them the hew 
open order, and to furnish a model for the infantry com- 
panies with the new drafts. Capt. Charles W. Briggs was its 
commander. The lieutenants were Hyatt, Appleby, Haycock, 
Beguhn and Rice. 

Bayonet work was under full swing then, too. Officers 
went to a four-hour class which was begun then and continued 
all summer under Lieutenant Haycock. The noncommissioned 
officers would receive special training in it after coming home 
from the day's work with the model company. 

It was at this time that Regimental Headquarters was 
looking at the company kitchens so closely, through the eyes 
of the regimental mess officer, Lieut. Elmer J. Waller and 
the colonel himself. There was a war department telegram 
that said the kitchens in Camp Dodge were the best regulated 
of any cantonment in the United States, and a regimental 
memorandum with a quotation from Capt. Ben E. Easton, 
division mess inspector, saying that the kitchens of the 352d 
were the best regulated in the 88th. 

Men Come and Go Again 

The next drafted men to the number of 1,900 came the 
last days of April. They were gone by May 18, however. A 
few of these men were retained as noncommissioned officer 
material. Really, the regiment was never deeply interested 
in the draft increment, try to be as it might. The men came 



as "attached" from the Depot Brigade. The regiment knew 
from the start that it was not to retain them and the officers 
found it impossible to put the enthusiasm into their teaching, 
as they had formerly done. 

But the wait was short. A change in disposition came 
soon. A rumor got about that the big, and at that time suc- 
cessful, German drive had caused a tremendous steaming up 
of transporting divisions across seas. There were stories, 
authentic, that Camp Funston was vacated by the 89th. A 
fourth draft increment came surprisingly soon. By May 13 
the regiment had received 1,700 new men. They were novel- 
ties. The largest percentage was from Missouri, the remain- 
der from Iowa. Moreover, the colonel said they were the 
men we would go over the top with. On the last day of June 
900 men came, almost entirely from North Dakota. Imme- 
diately, week by week, beginning with the arrival of the "Mis- 
sourians," the schedules of drill began enlarging. Up at Divi- 
sion Headquarters, no doubt, there was actual knowledge that 
the unit was to move overseas in the near future. 

The pressure was started. It was felt in every corner of 
the camp. The nation set the clock ahead one hour. The 
regiment counted noses of officers at reveille and retreat for- 
mation. It was hot and everyone slept in the camp by order. 
The band members arose at 4:25 A. M. (really 3:25 A. M.) 
and played "Liberty Bell" and other selections before reveille, 
which was at 4:45 A. M. The regiment marched at 6 A. M. 
from the firebreak to the drill field. It drilled until dinner. 
Then there was a parade with band music. Followed a march 
home, and 30 minutes to get ready for retreat. Then retreat 
and inspection. 

Immediately came supper, followed by one hour of push 
and pull. Then we marched over to the firebreak and to the 
Liberty Theatre to witness in a third degree sweat box tem- 
perature, West Point cadets do "squads right" in eleven 
counts. Finally home and nothing to do till tomorrow. Every 
third day a battalion marched to thefiring range and worked 
all day there, using the large amount of practice ammunition 
which was furnished. 

Regimental Strength at Highest 

During this time of heat and sandstorms and hard work, 
men began arriving by transfer from the Depot Brigade at 
Camp Funston. By July 21, 400 men had joined the regiment. 
The regimental strength was now 3,500, the highest it had 
ever been. 

The signs of overseas service soon were unmistakable. 
There were physical examinations of men and officers. Many 
officers were transferred to the Depot Brigade. There was 
an issue of new equipment and constant checking over of 
what each company had. There was much preparation for a 
field inspection. This was made by Col. H. C. Williamson of 
the inspector general's department in July. The regiment 
was pronounced fit for overseas service. 

Trunk lockers were painted "A. E. F." and packed. The 
last arrangements in U. S. A. were completed. An advance 
party left for A. E. F. schools in France July 25. 

During the summer there were some changes in officer 
personnel Lieut. Colonel Wickham, who in February had been 
put in direct charge of the 2d Bn., was transferred by War 
Department order May 20 to Camp Hancock, Ga. The col- 
onel said he was very sorry to go, for he had developed a 
great affection and respect for the regiment. Certain it was 
that the regiment had done this for him and felt that his loss 
could never be made up. Many times since, overseas mem- 
bers of the regiment have expressed the need for the steady 
guiding hand of "Daddy" Wickham. 

Stone Joins the Regiment 

The 3d Bn. also had lost that brilliant soldier who had so 
tirelessly built up its organization, discipline and esprit de 
corps. Major Joseph H. Barnard, who became a lieutenant 
colonel in July, was transferred to Camp Grant, III., June 24. 
Lt. Col. Charles B. Stone, who had become known to (he offi- 
cers of the regiment through his command of the "Model Bat- 
talion" and through his conduct of the officers' school, came 
to the regiment from the 349th Inf. July 2. 

Major Barnard was succeeded by Major Alexander WW- 



History OF the 352d Infantry. 



57 



son, from Ft. Snclling and the 36th Div. He was a regular 
army man who immediately took part in the hard training of 
the 3d Bn. Major Wilson was destined to remain long a 
member of the regiment, but to be away from it for several 
months. He was directed in the latter part of July to pro- 
ceed to France and afterward was at the Langres Staff 
Schools. Major Wilson was born in Farrington, Mo., Feb. 
18, 1885. He was graduated from the United States Naval 
Academy at Annapolis but did not follow at once the military 
profession. He entered the 4th U. S. Inf. as a second lieuten- 
ant in 1911, became a first lieutenant in 1916 and served with 
the 36th and 46th Inf. Regiments. He became a captain May 
15, 1917, and a major June 8, 1918. He participated in the 
Vera Cruz expedition and did Mexican and border service in 
1914 and 1916. 

Capt. George H. Russ, Jr., who had been doing notable 
and efficient work as regimental supply officer, had been made 
major May 24 and had succeeded to the command of the 2d 
Bn. Major Russ was born in Brooklyn, July 13, 1880. He 
was graduated from the high school of Scanton, Pa. and from 
the college of law of Cornell University. He had had con- 
siderable experience previous to this as an enlisted man in 
the Pennsylvania National Guard, serving with the 13th Penn- 
slyvania Volunteers during the Spanish-American War and 
subsequently in the Guard as both first sergeant and second 
lieutenant. In 1905 he became a. North Dakotan, going into 
business at Bismarck, where he is vice-president of the Bis- 
marck Bank. He was commissioned captain from the First 
Officers' Training Camp. 

In July, Lieut. C. C. Snead was promoted to the captaincy 
of the Supply Co. and experienced the outfitting of the regi- 
ment and the preparation for shipment of its effects overseas 
in the last days. 

In the preceding May Captain Loye had been transferred 
to the Depot Brigade and in April, the command of E Com- 
pany, had gone to Capt. Walter F. Beyer. Lieutenant Hyatt 
was promoted to a captaincy and assigned to A Company Aug. 
1, and Lieutenant Haycock was treated likewise and assigned 
to C Company on the same date. Lieutenant Andrews became 
Captain Andrews July 20 and 2d Lieut. Hutchinson, 1st Lieut. 
Hutchinson. Lieutenant Graham also was promoted to a first 
and assigned to the Supply Co. August 2. 

Regimental Exchange Started 

The narrative should stop here, too, to give a word about, 
that most well known Camp Dodge institution, the 352d In- 
fantry Exchange. With a $1,000 barber shop and tailoring es- 
tablishment, the only ones of their kind in the camp, and with 
a store twice as spacious as any other at Dodge, the exchange 
was indeed a feature not to be omitted in this history. It 
was run by Lieut. John M. Dougherty. When it closed up its 
affairs in July, it turned over to the regimental fund as net 
profits, $28,000 — a larger sum than any other regimental ex- 
change was able to muster. 

Now, to resume the narrative. We are oriented at the 
date July 31, place, Camp Dodge. The regiment knows a great 
deal of close orders. The men from Funston have had only 
two weeks of our training, but previously at Funston they hail 
received three weeks of close order training. The North Da- 
kota men had had some six weeks of the most strenuous work 
in their existence and the Missouri and Iowa increment, eight 
weeks. The men could march, could make and carry light and 
heavy packs, could drill, handle the bayonet with skill, and 
could get a gas mask on within seven seconds, knew something 
of gas, and could shoot. This last accomplishment they were 
really adept at, almost all of them having brought to the can- 
tonment an amateur experience and a native familiarity with 
the rifle. They had learned much of discipline. In the many 
battalion parades and regimental ceremonies they had caught 
the idea of military smartness and learned of military show 
and pride. The men knew practically nothing of open order 
drill, of actual grenades, hand and rifle, and the field officers 
had had no practice with the regiment in maneuvers. 

The overseas orders came the first week in August. The 
1st Bn. entrained at Camp Dodge Aug. 8, the 2d and 3d Bat- 
talions, the day following. Headquarters Co. and Machine 
Gun Co. left on the 8th and the Supply Co. on the 9th. 

Two companies made the trip to Camp Mills on a separate 



train. There were several routes taken to the port, but the 
experience of the companies were only slightly different. All 
were alike in that it seemed the American nation was down 
at every station to see the trains come in and go, to cheer the 
men, to wave them to success. The stodgiest private in the 
regiment, the least Americanized one of the immigrant mem- 
bers caught fire and meaning from that trip across the con- 
tinent. Men learned what America is. 

Tears in Women's Eyes 

Elderly Red Cross women shook hands with the men 
atid officers at the stations, some with tears in their eyes in 
memory of their own sons already across. Red Cross girls 
astonished everyone with their good looks, clever costumes, 
hot coffee. Farmers waved from their farm wagons, farm 
girls from doorsteps, city bred populations from street cross- 
ings as the trains passed through their cities. Every man had 
a berth, every officer a compartment. The government is to 
be thanked for its generosity and compliments for its astute- 
ness for that swift, happy ride across the continent. Men 
and officers arrived at the port of embarkation more enthu- 
siastic Americans than they ever were before. It was a fitting 
climax to the training on the home ground. 

The regiment stayed three days at Camp Mills. The Sup- 
ply Co. worked long hours in outfitting the men with overseas 
caps, spiral puttees, uniforms, and overcoats, hobnail shoes 
and three days' reserve rations. Company Headquarters work- 
ed day and night on passenger lists. There were physical ex- 
aminations. Measles and other causes lost to the regiment 
here 177 men. K Company lost its first platoon, headquarters 
lost heavily, M Company was spirited away to Philadelphia at 
4 A. M. of August 14. It went aboard the "City of Exeter" 
at daybreak and sailed for New York Harbor that day. By 
the next morning a fleet had sprung up around it. There were 
13 other vessels, carrying for the most part units of the 88th 
Div. On the S. S. Ascanius, boarded on August 15, was the 
Supply, Machine Gun and Headquarters Companies, 1st Bn. 
and Regimental Headquarters. On the S. S. Ulysses was the 
2d Bn. and the remainder of the 3d. The U. S. Cruiser St. 
Louis accompanied the fleet across the ocean. The fleet was 
escorted out of New York harbor to the completion of the 
first day's voyage by a convoy of destroyers, hydroplanes and 
dirigible balloons. Ten days after its leaving the harbor, it 
was ushered into the Irish sea by a flotilla of destroyers and 
submarine chasers. 

The transatlantic trip was cold and memorable. The men 
were crowded but none was seasick. The food was substan- 
tial. The majesty of the convoy, the oddity of its circus-float 
camouflage, the wonder of the scene with its possibility of 
U-boats and sinkings ; will most likely remain the most lasting 
memories of the voyage to the members of the regiment. 

One night, off Newfoundland way, a gunner on the City 
of Exeter cracked an iceberg in two with one shot from his 
bow- gun. Another time an Ascanius lookout reported a sub- 
marine dead ahead. Other than that, the submarine danger 
was never realized. 

Lookouts Furnish "Memories" 

The guards and the lookouts furnished the men with ex- 
tra memories of the trip. Captain Schenk was boat com- 
mander of the city of Exeter, Lt. W. T. Potts was adjutant 
of it. 

On Aug. 28, 12 days after the date of sailing, the regi- 
ment, less M Company, debarked at Liverpool. That city's 
citizens gave an enthusiastic and genuine welcome; the Kins 
of England, a personal letter to each man. 

That afternoon the battalions, each on a separate train, 
entrained for Winchester. England, with its beautiful coun- 
tryside and lovely villages was a surprise to the Americans. 
They were seeing the "Old Country" and it was rather better 
than they had dreamed. 

But rest camps were to revise, in part, their new opin- 
ions. Winchester was reached at night. Camp Winnaldowns. 
there, was described by the Headquarters Co. historian as 
distinguished "by its complete and full lack of any appurte- 
nances that would tend to rest the human body." 

The following morning, Aug. 29, the battalions set out for 



58 



History of the 352d Infantry. 



Southampton. By night all had embarked for Le Havre. The 
channel trip was a hard one. The boats were small, and offi- 
cers and men slept sitting up, if they slept at all. The mal de 
mer, up to then unknown, visited the regiment that night. 

The land at Le Havre was made Aug. 30. The march to 
an American rest camp, four miles away, at the top of a not 
easily forgotten hill, was made. Le Havre with its picturesque 
sea, cobblestone streets, flowery suburban homes, was thus the 
second of a long list of foreign cities that these men from the 
United States' Middle West were to visit. At this rest camp 
there was a night's rest in conical tents, and baths for some 
of the companies. Also, by an order of the camp commander, 
the men were deprived of their overcoats. Supply sergeants 
and company commanders will recall the ease with which this 
was done in this new land of no accountability. 

From here the regiment entrained by battalions for the 
department of Cote D'Or, of which Dijon is the principal city. 
It was a wearying journey. The men rode in box-cars. These 
are vehicles which declares a capacity of 40 men or eight 
horses. The trip involved much changing of railroad lines. 
The victualing of the men in the cars was done by dividing 
the rations at the start of the trip fairly, and letting each car 
take care of its own meals en route. 

Co. M, which had been carried past Liverpool during these 
days, was considered lost by Regimental Headquarters. As a 
matter of fact it was progressing very well. The City of 
Exeter was taken to Manchester down the Manchester ship 
canal. The boat traveled very slowly down this canal, and 
the English people crowded the sides all the way. Children 
ran for miles, following the boat and catching the coins which 
the men, living up to the reputation that every American is a 
millionaire, were throwing down to them. One Englishwoman 
followed the boat for two miles, wheeling a baby-carriage, with 
one occupant, before her. M Company went through South- 
hampton and Le Havre and found most of the regiment en- 
camped in pup tents in the town of Les Laumes, (Cote D'Or) 
the night of Sept. 3. 

Pup Tents Pitched in Dark 

This pitching of pup tents by the battalions was interest- 
ing. It was done in the dark after the long journey followed 
by a few kilometers' march, and 75 per cent of the men had 
never pitched pup tents, even in the daylight. 

From Les Laumes the battalions marched to their first 
"billeting areas." It was their first hike in France, and as it 
has come to be, the pleasantest and most interesting. Cote 
D'Or is a beautiful province. There were lovely, plaited val- 
leys, high surrounding hills, roads between avenues of pop- 
lars, winding creeks and. old canals. The villages were old 
and interesting. The people of Cote D'Or were most hospi- 
table, most curious about and interested in these newcomers, 
"ces Antericains." It was the first time that they had billeted 
soldiers. They were generous and started the 352d Americans 
on a cordial and friendly footing with the French people. 

First Battalion Headquarters was established at Les 
Granges, with A and B Companies. C and D Companies were 
at Grignon. Second Bn. Headquarters with E and F Com- 
panies went to Menetroux, and G Co. to Eringes and H to 
Bussey le Grande. Third Bn. Headquarters went to Alise St. 
Reine, an old, historic village, scene of the defeat by Caesar's 
legions of the Gallic leader, Vercingetorix, and also famous be- 
cause of its waters which at one time were visited by people 
from all over France, who believed in their sacred healing 
power. I, K and L were here also. M and the Machine Gun 
Co. were at Gresigny. Headquarters and Supply Companies 
were at Bussey le Grande. 

The colonel was billeted in the magnificient chateau of 
Count Rubutin. It was a wonderful place, but it was two 
kilometers from headquarters office, so the colonel changed 
his billet to a room in the village. 

Here in Cote D'Or was the first message center develop- 
ment. By means of company runners, Bussey le Grande kept 
in close touch -with the other villages. Here began the first 
training under A. E. F. general orders, one of which will be 
remembered to run "inclement weather will not be allowed to 
interfere." 

Whether we would be in the trenches in fortnight or a 
two-month was not known. Reeimental Headciuarters applied 



pressure to the training. There was one concentration 
maneuver at which the colonel assembled the officers and in- 
sisted on a renewed hard schedule. 

In Cote D'Or the regiment received its quota of automatic 
rifles and Browning machine guns. The officers and noncom- 
missioned officers began the instructing of the automatic 
squads in the nomenclature, dissembling and assembling of 
these arms. The machine gunners started in almost immediate- 
ly to shoot them, on a range constructed on a mountain top. 
The formation of the automatic squads necessitated a reorg- 
ization of the infantry companies. 

The companies here completed their organization of their 
rifle grenadier squads, rifle squads, and liaison groups in 
accordance with the general training pamphlet, "802." In 
compliance with a four weeks' course of training laid down 
by A. E. F. headquarters, there was begun the training of 
these specialists. Bayonet work, close order and position and 
aiming drill still featured the program. Open order was 
practiced daily in exactly the formations "802." The various 
phases of combat there given were followed through. There 
was also advance guard and outpost work. Loading with ball 
cartridges was practiced. Some companies showed particular 
initiative here, and overcame the difficulties and established 
small rifle ranges. 

Supply Company has Test 

It was here that the Supply Co. had its first overseas test, 
a stiff one; its officers and men worked long hours and spent 
worried moments on how to get the rations to the companies. 
That the companies never had a scarcity of supplies, nor a 
marked hitch in the regularity with which rations came in is 
proof that the Supply Co. met its test successfully. 

Bussey le Grande was 15 kilometers from Grignon and 
the 1st Bn. The 2d and 3d lay between. It was also 15 kilo- 
meters from the musty, Oliver Goldsmith village of Merigny, 
at which was established the rail-head, the place where the 
rations came to. The Supply Co. did not have a wheel. All 
equipment other than personal had been turned in at Camp 
Dodge with the expectation that a refurnishing would be made 
at the port of debarkation. There were 26 trucks in the div- 
ision. By a constant clamour for these trucks by the Supply 
Co., and a clever utilizing of them so that they rarely traveled 
empty by the division transport department, the rations and 
supplies were got around daily to the companies. 

The assembling of the officers' trunk lockers at Merigny 
where they were to lay for months in a deserted wine factory 
guarded by a Robinson Crusoe detachment from the Supply 
Co. was another test which the Company accomplished. The 
fact that gas masks and steel helmets did not get to the com- 
panies before they left for a "restricted area" was because 
these articles did not arrive. 

It was in Cote D'Or, far from the dry state of Iowa, that 
the regiment made its first general acquaintance with the 
French light wines. It was the first experience for company 
officers with men who had not found them so very light. 
When the companies came to leave their billets, these hospi- 
table French people were generous with the light wines. 

Traveling orders came two weeks after the arrival of 
the regiment in their Cote D'Or billeting areas. The men 
and many of the officers believed that the regiment was go- 
ing up in front to occupy reserve positions. In reality we 
were headed for the Belfort training area in Alsace. 

Headquarters and Supply Companies entrained at Les 
Laumes on the now familiar box-car trains with their tight 
little third-class coaches for officers on Sept. 15. They de- 
trained at Hericourt and Belfort, Headquarters marching 14 
kilometers in a hot sun to Meroux, Supply Co. remaining at 
Belfort for two days and then going to Vczelois. and later to 
Moval. 

Vyans Proves Too Dirty 

The 1st Bn. left Les Laumes Sept. 16, detrained at Heri- 
court and marched to Vyans and Lairc. A and B with 1st Bn. 
Headquarters went the next day to Tremoins, Vyans proving 
too dirty and too small a- place. 

The 3d Bn. left next in order from Les Laumes. departing 



History of the 352d Infantry 



59 



at 1 A. M., Sept. 15 and arriving at 5 P. M. at Belfort. It 
marched to Vezelois, arriving in trie dark. 

The second battalion and the Machine Gun Co. left the 
day of Sept. 16 and detrained at Belfort Sept 17 at 10 :30 P. M. 
Here air raid warnings were sounded and the men were 
hustled into the caves "at the station. A French officer in- 
formed the train Commanders that this had to be done. When 
the men returned it was to find that a large part of the rations 
had been stolen. 

That night in the dark, the Machine Gun Co. marched 
eight kilometers to Moval, and the 2d Bn. three kilometers to 
Bermont. Here E Company was billeted, the other three 
companies marching on to Tretudans. 

The 3d Battalion's experience that night was singular. By 
direction of Major Wilson, who had joined the regiment the 
day before this last change of station, the battalion slept out 
in pup tents. Vezelois was 20 kilometers from the front. The 
men and almost all of the officers did not know but what ft 
was two kilometers from the front. At midnight a German 
plane, flying rather low, came only a few kilometers from 
Vezelois. It was dropping flares in search of marching troops. 
Its hum seemed very close. Then the anti-aircraft guns 
opened up, and machine gun fire. Every man was up and 
watching the show. "Our new drill ground," said one. "Some 
Fourth of July." "Hot dog!" These were the remarks that 
showed the spirit of the men who had come this distance from 
Camp Dodge to hear their first actual sound of battle with 
the enemy. 

Within a day or so after the arrival in Alsace, all the 
officer members of the "advance party" had returned. Major 
Russ resumed command of the 2d Bn., Captain Mohler re- 
turning to the charge of F Co. Major Kipp returned to the 
1st Bn. and Lieutenant Appleby was reappointed adjutant. 

In this Belfort training area the regiment was to spend 
somewhat more than two weeks. With the exception of the 
3.d Bn., which had excellent grounds, the countryside was not 
favorable to training. However, there were drill areas al- 
lotted and the work immediately went forward. "Boche" 
planes flew over Vezelois almost every clear day and this 
kept the 3d Bn. keyed up to the fact that it was near the 
front and that real fighting was imminent. Furthermore, the 
country was strewn with barbed wire entanglements, down 
every angle of which glowered machine gun emplacements. 
They were the third and fourth reserve lines of the French, 
actually. 

Open Order Work Improves 

In this Belfort training area the training advanced and 
improved in the open order work, machine gun nest attack- 
ing, automatic arm tactics and firing, gas defense, and actual 
hand grenade experience. The battalion maneuvering was 
tried for the first time. At the later schedules in this train- 
ing area, organization of strong points by companies and 
battalions, reliefs in simulated trenches, attacks by company 
and battalions were part of the everyday program. 

The Machine Gun Co. which on Sept. 21 had moved to 
Ft. Fourgerais received there its gun and ammunition carts 
and the type EE field glasses. Its specialized training went 
ahead. A 1,000-inch range was constructed, and a 500 and 
a 15-meter range available at the fort were used continuously. 

Company specialist work, battalion and regimental liaison 
and intelligence and sniping training were taken up intensive- 
ly. The constant carrying of the gas mask, newly issued, was 
commenced, and the steel hat, also issued at this point, re- 
placed the overseas cap. It was a rainy period. The steel 
hats were appreciated because of this . 

It was here that the intelligence section was recruited to 
full strength, detached from the companies and concentrated 
at Vyans for intensive training. 

Small ranges were improvised for each battalion. On 
these, each day, Sunday included, the automatic squads learned 
the firing of their Brownings. One of the first of the regi- 
ments in the A. E. F. to be equipped with them, they attracted 
much attention, particularly from the detachments of the 
French soldiers in the vicinity. The gunners learned to have 
great confidence in and affection for this weapon. 

Headquarters Co. received a 37-Mrn. gun here and the 
one-pounder platoon started work on its signal apparatus, 
also received for the Headquarters signal platoon. 



The general open order training and all of it that had to 
do with keeping pace with the changing methods on the actual 
front was assisted materially at this time by the oversight, 
advice, practical demonstration and lectures of Lt. Maurice 
Guittard, who came to us from the French Mission attached 
to the division. 

From Meroux, Captain Andrews visited the front which 
we were late to occupy and brought back correct information 
as to the gassing of several companies of the division, then 
in the sector. The reports that the mustard gas casualties 
which had rendered ineffective one entire battalion were be- 
cause of the improper and inadequate gas' training had an 
immediate effect in the division and the regiment. Straight- 
way, gas training, which had never been neglected, became 
strenuous. There were gas drill morning and night. The 
wearing of gas masks was ordered increased daily until the 
soldier had worn his gas mask four hours without having had 
to take it off. Battalion gas officers and regimental gas of- 
ficers were relieved from all other duty. They fitted the mask 
of every man in the regiment. Lt. Charles K. Morris, fresh 
from the corps gas school at Chaumont, was made regimental 
gas officer. 

New Lieutenants Arrive 

At Vezelois certain members of the regiment with a great 
sigh of relief changed their Purgatorial, nameless state for 
the definite district of Sam Browne and golden bars. These 
were the candidate officers taken from the fourth officers' 
training camp and attached to the regiment just before its 
departure overseas. The new lieutenants were : John B. 
Richards, Arthur E. Martois, Kellog P. Bascom, Raymond W. 
Kelly, Earle V. Wilson, X. Zarfas, Kimbler, Leo L. Patter- 
son, Hubert J. Huelskamp, Alvin Banow, Donald C. Elder, 
Rush S. Smith, Edward W. Merk, Roscoe E. Stewart, William 
H. Oesch, Arhut C. Harbold, and William W. Cooper. 

It was in this area that we steadily received supplies 
which got us nearer to the complete authorized equipment. 
One day in would come field glasses, another day musketry 
rules, socks, jerkins, bicycles, riflle covers and so on. One day 
in came second lieutenants, graduates from the army candi- 
dates' school at Langres. They wore service stripes and some 
of them wound stripes. Immediately, they took hold of the 
practical work of platoon leading. From the beginning they 
have been considered most valued members of the regiment. 
Those reporting were Lieutenants Henry F. Durant, John L. 
Meyer, Abraham A. Biegel, George M. Bookman, Henry E. 
Pebley, Clarence U. Hibble, William E. Cameron, Roy H. Horn, 
Robert W. Wesson, Richard I. Ford, Daniel A. Horn, Ed- 
ward H. Ehlen and Harry I. Newman. 

From Vezelois, Major Wilson went to the staff officers' 
school at Langres. Capt. J. W. Sorrles took command of 
M Co. until he was transferred to the 350 Inf. Oct. 26. 

The story behind the furnishing of the regiment at this 
time is the story of the busiest and most interesting period 
in the Supply Co. experience. From Moval to Tremoins, 1st 
Bn. Headquarters, is 16 kilometers. From Hericourt, division 
headquarters, to Tremoins, is 6 kilometers. The Division 
would truck everything, and this included an immense amount 
of material, to Captain Snead at Moval. He would have to 
truck it back to Tremoins. Also, he would have to truck it 
to the other billeting villages, all of which were included 
in a circle with a 20-kilometer radius. Nor yet did the Supply 
Co. have a wheel of its own. 

The pre-eminent method of getting the supplies from 
Moval out was to overbear the truck drivers bringing the stuff, 
with tales of arson and incarceration in the deep Moval 
dungeons, re-load the trucks meanwhile by trained details, 
and to furnish the companies by the so-called "return" trips 
of these truckdrivers. Another method was to load supplies 
onto rented, home-made wagons of the Moval villagers and 
haul them by man-power to the distributing points. 

While here the company did get three horses, and hacks 
burdened with the memories of their valiant young days in 
the French artillery service in the war of 1870. One of 
these horses had its leg broken, "mysteriously," and was shot. 
One incurred red rope-burn under the ridership of Capt. C. D. 
Schenk and was evacuated. One remained with the regiment 
until after-war days at Bonnet. From here, one morning, 



60 



History of tiik 352n Infantry. 



when the regiment was preparing to win the Division horse 
show, it stalked out into the mist, pensive, lame, prescient, 
never to return. 

Rubber Boots and Shoes Received 

While here, the company got rubber boots and overshoes 
which were carried by the company until the regiment went 
into the trenches and there supplied to the rifle companies. 

Whether the rainy weather and the necessity in the patrol- 
ing instructions and in the open order maneuver to get down 
on the damp ground were causes or contributory causes, or 
that it was just the contagion of the disease itself, is not 
known, but Spanish Influenza ran its epidemic course through- 
out the regiment during the second and following weeks of 
the stay in the Belfort area. Altogether, in the month of 
October, there were 1,300 cases of the sickness, which re- 
sulted in 84 deaths. Improvised hospitals were constructed 
and the men were evacuated as soon as possible to S. O. S. 
hospitals. 

This transfer of men to the S. O. S. with the accompany- 
ing difficulty of paper-work and payment and the eventual 
return of almost all of the men has been a feature of every 
company's administrative experience. 

On Oct. 6 the 1st Bn. marched to billet in Vezelois. The 
great majority of the men were sick, and it was a memorable 
and troublesome march. C Co. walked only 66 men. This 
move was the first of several "leap-frog" changes of position 
that were intended, it was believed, to confuse the enemy 
as to the unit's intentions and as to what sector of the front 
it might advance to. These moves were begun at such time 
that practically all the distance was covered in the dark. 

The men were now carrying a full pack made several 
pounds heavier by the addition of two blankets, an overcoat, 
trench knife, steel helmet, gas mask, automatic rifle and ap- 
purtenances, grenade carriers, jerkin and 120 rounds of ball 
ammunition. 

On the same date the 3d Bn., again commanded by Cap- 
tain Schenk, marched through Chevremont to Fontanelle. 
This was on a Saturday night. I and K were forced to sleep 
in pup tents because of the complete lack of billets. M and 
L companies were crowded indoors, 75 to a haymow. Sub- 
sequently many of the I and K Companies became ill. Sunday 
night the regiment marched back to Vezelois. 

March to Romagny and Back 

On Oct. 5 the 2d Bn. and Headquarters Co. marched to 
Chevremont, and the Supply Co. to Foussemagny. The Supply 
Co. stayed a few hours, marched to Romagne, stayed a few 
hours, and marched back to Foussemagne. In this latter brief 
line is more history than appears. 

Shortly afterward the Supply Co. was divided into four 
sections, one for each battalion, and one staying with head- 
quarters and the supply base. These sections stayed with their 
battalions from that time on. 

On Oct. 10 the 1st Bn. marched by night from Vezelois 
to Anjoutey and on the 13th made the whole distance from 
there to Romagny, 14 kilometers from the front. 

The 3d Bn. left Vezelois just before the 1st and marched 
the 16 kilometers to Rougcmont, arriving at night, and en- 
countering there Regimental Headquarters which had come 
from Chevremont, along with G annd H of the 2d Bn. Cos. 
F and F had marched to billets at Laval, two kilometers east. 

The Machine Gun Co. also left Chevremont the 10th, 
marching to Romagny. Three days later it made its first night 
hike, going to Bretagne. 

It was midnight of the 12th, just after this "leap-frog- 
ging" to the front had commenced, that the men of the reg- 
iment heard the first barrage of their lives. This was the 
German and French battery work that played such an im- 
portant part iti the history of the 350th regiment, at that 
time, at the front. 

The Rougemont-Anjoutey history of the regiment was 
not so brief but what ranges were constructed and maneuvers 
carried out. 

While the 1st Bn. went to Romagny and the Machine Gun 
Co. to Bretagne, the 2d jumped, by virtue of a back-bending, 
hike in the darkness of 18 kilometers, to Lutran. Head- 
quarters went to Montreaux Chateaux, the 3d Bn. to barracks 



in the woods just north of Chevannes-sur-L'Etang. 

These villages were all on the German side of the Alsace 
border. The children were educated in German-taught schools 
and they talked German in their play on the streets. In 
Lutran, especially, and in all the villages to some extent, there 
seemed to be a less hospitable attitude that was attributed to 
German sympathy. However, with the exception of Lutran. 
the villages w^ere cleaner and had better shops that those 
encountered since Cote D'Or. 

In this area all the elements of the regiment were within 
14 kilometers of the front. Actually, we were, according to 
the scheme of defense for the entire area, in reserve. Ac- 
cording to this plan, all laid out by the French months pre- 
viously, each battalion was responsible for a certain line in 
case of a German general attack at the front. There were 
trenches and strong points to which the officers and non-com- 
missioned officers were taken to become familiar with them 
so that in the emergency each unit would know where to go 
and what to do. The field officers had to give special atten- 
tion to this phase of the situation. 

Not Like Support Situation 

Other than this, and the fact that there was no marching 
of units in column of squads and a general effort to keep 
from all observation by the German planes which came over 
regularly in all clear weather, there was no resemblance to a 
"support"' situation — at least to a support situation such as 
officers and men had in mind. 

The regiment was to stay here for 11 days. Training went 
forward. There were for the first time brigade maneuvers. 
These had most to do with the problem of liaison. The 
French officers and non-commissioned officers (the latter came 
from Zouave regiments), continued their instructions. All 
these, with the exception of Lieutenant Guittard, were destined 
to leave the regiment just before it went up front. 

At this point rifle grenades were issued and practiced 
with. For the first time, men in general came to understand 
the tactics of this arm. At Chevannes M Co. was compliment- 
ed in regimental orders by Lieutenant Guittard for the dexter- 
ity and enthusiasm with which it overpowered a machine gun 
nest in a simulated situation. In the training here zip was 
given to this form of maneuver by the throwing of live gren- 
ades at the simulated machine gun. Automatic pistols to the 
officers and revolvers to many of the sergeants were issued. 

Daily battles by the French anti-aircraft guns with the 
Boche planes which insisted on coming over every clear dav 
for observation and photographing the lines of actual trenches 
and barbed wire entanglements created interest and amuse- 
ment. 

It was here that the organization of the regiment had 
reached a very acceptable smoothness. Mess sergeants found 
the daily rations arriving with exact regularity. The mail 
came through from the United States in 16 days. 

The rolling kitchens had been supplied to the companies, 
with horses and teamsters to pull them. The epidemic of 
influenza had stopped. Many men returned from the regimen- 
tal field hospitals at this time. Officers learned their map 
reading. 

It was here that the old second lieutenants of the regi- 
ment pretty well came into their own, and added a certain 
not-to-be-disregarded amount to their monthly pay voucher 
credit column. The new first lieutenants of Oct. 11 'were: 
August C. Schmidt, Carrol A. Iverson, William R. Hazelrigii. 
Philip B. Lockwood, Joseph P. Lorentzen, Forrest D. Ma- 
comber, Arnold A. Beguhn, Marion D. Page, and Clifford C. 
Rice. Two weeks later there were commissioned first lieu- 
tenants also, Maurice E. Horn, Elmer J. Waller and Toseph 
L. Hyde. 

Lt. Harvey A. Garver got his promotion to captaincy and 
continued in command of Company D. 

In reviewing the experience of the regiment Colonel 
Hawkins has said he thought at this juncture that if ever 
the regiment was to go into the trenches this was the time. 
Training has reached a point where it seemed it would go 
backward if there did not come a chance to try it out. 

"The men bad been in France now for two months," he 
said. "There was yet much to lie learned, but the sort of 
thing that is so much better learned by actual combat ex- 



History of the 352d Infantry. 



61 



perience. We had progressed that far that we could now go 
in to learn by actual experience with the minimum of cost- 
liness." 

Battalions Go to Relief 

And on the very black night of Oct 24 the 2d Bn moved 
forward to relieve the 1st Bn. of the 351st Inf. in the Badri- 
court sector of the Alsace front, and the 3d Bn., by a totally 
different route, moved forward to relieve the 3d Bn. of the 
same regiment in the Hagenbach sector. 

The marchs were in an inky black darkness which made 
necessary the placing of connecting files at intervals of 10 
feet between the platoons. The discipline was satisfactory. 
There was no smoking and very little noise. No one fell out, 
although the distance was not a short one. Guides from 
the platoons to be relieved met the battalions at Badricourt 
and Hagenbach and conducted them to their posts without 
trouble. One platoon, only, conducted by a guide from M 
Co. of the 351st who did not know his routes well enough, 
became lost. This platoon had three hours of marching and 
fumbling about in the woods that black night as an extra 
portion. The Germans, apparently, had not been informed of 
the relief. There was no trouble from them. 

Three nights later the 1st Bn. relieved the 2d of the 351st. 
Regimental Headquarters with its company had moved up to 
Manspach to the rear of the center of the regiment's front on 
the 24th. 

The Machine Gun Co., armed with its full quota of 
Brownings, with its men armed with one pistol, or revolver, 
to every three men, relieved B Co. of the 339th Machine Gun 
Bn. of the Division, the night of Aug. 30. This unit was in 
support of the Anjou dugout. The Machine Gun Co. did not 
have its required instruments for the working out of firing 
date. Thus, the regiment went into line — the 1st Bn. on the 
right, the 2d in the center, the 3d on the left. The 2d Bn. 
and 3d were supported by companies of the 339th Machine 
Gun Bn. 

French artillery, a battery of 75's to each battalion, was 
placed in the woods to the front and rear of Manspach, Full- 
eren, Badricourt and Hagenbach. The 350th was on the regi- 
ment's left at first, later on, the 349th. On the regiment's 
right were the 4th Zouaves (French). 

The Front at Last, but Quiet 

At last, the front ! A "quiet" one, but nevertheless the 
front, the goal of six months' training, and for the majority 
of the officers, graduates of the first officers' training school, 
goal of 18 months' training. 

It wasn't like any that had been dreamed of. It extended 
from flank to flank, curving around a salient 10^ kilometers. 
There didn't seem to be the remotest sign of that organization 
in depth of which we had heard so much. It was a thin, if 
not a red, line of heroes. With the exception of the three 
left flank platoons of Co. M, the line was in the woods. For 
the most part, if the trenches gave any view of the front at all, 
they looked across a valley at numerous shelled French vil- 
lages, and at high hills, presumably lined with German trenches 
and well fortified. 

Up the valley of the hill toward which in a general way 
the sector looked, 15 kilometres away, was Mulhouse. One 
will remember that there were rumors of a drive on Mulhouse. 
To the rear of our sector was the rather large, quiet, still- 
prospering city of Dannemarie. The interested civilian can 
look on any ordinary French map of Alsace, put his thumb 
down between Belfort and Mulhouse, and say, "There was 
the 352d," and be approximately right. 

The 1st Bn. had all companies in line, the 2d Bn. two in 
line, and two in support at Badricourt, the 3d three in line 
and one in support at Hagenbach. E and F were first to go 
in for the 2d. On the night of Nov. 1 they were quickly and 
smoothly relieved by G and H. 

The 1st had a 25^-kilometer front, the 2d a 4>2-kilometer 
and the 3d a 3^2-kilometer front. All battalions had outposts 
well to the front which made a general line oj observation, 
and a line of trenches organized into combat grounds as a 
line of resistance. The 2d Bn. outposts were in general 1.600 
meters to the front of the line of resistance, and connected by 
battered trenches. They were typical of those of the other 



two battalions and illustrate how loosely this quiet sector was 
held. 

Captains Remain Unchanged 

Major Kipp was in command of the 1st, Major Russ of 
the 2d, and Capt. C. D. Schenk of the 3d Bn. The captains 
were un'changed except that Capt. J. W. Sorrles, on the 
second day of his company's trench occupancy, was transfer- 
red to the 350th, command of Co. M falling to Lt. David S. 
Owen. At the time the regiment was without a lieutenant- 
colonel. Colonel Stone had gone to staff school Oct. 25. 

The period in the trenches was a most valuable one. Al- 
most daily, the anti-aircraft guns boomed at the Boche avions 
which flew over our trenches. Several times German bat- 
teries bombarded French battery positions to the rear, and 
often the French 75's returned compliments. Pieces of shell 
from anti-aircraft guns fell on our positions. Third Bn. 
companies were bombarded twice, the second time I Co. being 
punished severely. M Co. outpost came under German ma- 
chine gun fire. Some soldiers were sniped at. 

Altogether, the regiment's men experienced shell-fire. 
They came to know what high explosive and shrapnel sounded 
like, what gas shells did not sound like. Some of these 
were even heard bound for positions to the north. One 
mustard gas shell fell on the M Co. area. The men learned 
what arduous duty in the trenches is, learned to know that 
every rat, every noise in the wire, every moving weed, was 
not a German. The majority of the companies, officers, non- 
commissioned officers, and men, conquered after the first two 
nights the nervousness that results in haphazard, senseless 
firing. After the second night the occupancy of the sector was 
indeed a quiet one, insofar as the regiment on post was con- 
cerned. Most of the men heard enough to come to recognize 
the German machine gun. They learned to recognize by 
sight and sound the German avion. 

The men earned the complete confidence of their officers 
by the uncomplaining way in which they stood the long hours 
of sentry duty. There were 14 hours of darkness, and the 
average tour on post of each man was 9 hours of this. 
Furthermore, there was day sentry duty. 

Particularly the men learned, or unlearned, gas-knowledge. 
The effect of the keyed-up gas training was to make everyone 
sound gas at the slightest suspicion, and to carry on an alarm 
started no matter how far distant. 

The second night in the trenches will be remembered for 
that wild charivari that was started away to the north of the 
regiment and was carried down through the battalions to an 
effect that would have given warning of the most extensive 
cloud gas attack ever launched. 

That was not repeated. Toward the last, nothing short 
of an actual gas attack on it would have driven a single 
platoon to sound the alarm and put on the mask. This, it 
dawned upon the personnel, was when the mask was wanted 
on the face — when the man was in gas. At any other time, 
it was a handicap and a danger. 

Company Dons Gas Masks 

In one company of the 3d Bn. during the first bombard- 
ment three platoons wore the mask from 10 to 30 minutes. 
One platoon wore it for an hour. Only one platoon was 
bombarded, and that with shrapnel. There was no need of 
the mask at any time. At the second bombardment, this 
time of the same platoon, no one in the company wore the 
mask longer than 15 minutes. 

On the second night of the trench occupation all the trench 
scouting sections had patrols out in No Man's Land. Their 
work was subsequently hampered by a divisional school for 
scouts and snipers which specified small areas in which the 
battalion scouts could work. However, they maintained their 
curiosity about No Man's Land and made almost nightly ex- 
cursions into it. Their purpose was mostly ambuscade and 
wire examination and the establishment of listening posts. 

Lt. Joseph L. Hyde with a patrol discovered an unknown 
German dugout and listening post that was directly under 
the nose, the brow of the hill on which an I Co. outpost was 
stationed. Second and 1st Bn. patrols penetrated the first 
line of German trenches. In point of captured or killed Ger- 
mans, the patrols accomplished nothing. They were never 



62 



History of the 352d Infantry 



sent out with this purpose in mind. But they did get patrol 
experience, and familiarity with No Man's Land. Further- 
more, their observation posts and intelligence service did re- 
port information of value, particularly on the location of 
German emplacements. 

The officers received invaluable experience. Platoon 
leaders learned where to place reliance. Company command- 
ers also learned this. They, too, had the practice of combat 
group organization and the general trench life organization, 
which included the problem of hot food at all times to the 
men at all posts. 

The 1st Bn. was not actually shelled or attacked. The 
2d Bn. was shelled once, in addition to the occasional shells 
which fell on their positions, although probably intended for 
the French artillery to the rear. The support trenches at 
Badricourt had 68 shells of large caliber concentrated upon 
them at noon of Nov. 2. Trenches were levelled and dug- 
outs crushed in. A day previous, Major Russ, who was sus- 
picious of the Boche planes that hovered over Badricourt 
and fearful of the exposed position of these support trenches, 
had had the support companies moved into billets in the shell- 
torn houses of the village. Were it not for that move, two 
platoons of F Co. would have suffered heavy casualties. 

Wagoner's Refuse to Quit 

It was during this shelling that three supply company 
wagoners bringing rations to the front refused to be retarded 
by this fire and kept right on going, although spokes in their 
wagon wheels had been splintered with shrapnel and shells 
were bursting near them on the road. These men, Wagoners 
Frank Welninski, of Little Falls, Minn., Lars E. Dahlin of 
Findley, N. D., and Edwin E. Nesberg of Strandburg, S. D., 
were cited in subsequent regimental orders. 

The 1st and 2d Battalions had no casualties. The 3d Bn. 
was shelled twice and once raided. 

The first bombardment was early in the morning, break- 
fast time, on Oct. 29, 1918. It fell on I and M. Some SO 
shells, in addition to many which exploded in the air, were 
concentrated on certain portions of these companies. A stray 
mustard shell struck near the post of command of the M 
Co., First Platoon. The entire shelling did not damage used 
trenches and no one was hurt. It was an immensely educa- 
tional experience. 

The second bombardment fell on M, L and I, the shells 
on I being a box barrage. It began at 8 :50 A. M. Oct. 31 and 
ended at 9:20 A. M. Private Tasso M. Schoop, Co. M, was 
killed at his post of observation. So was Private Harry D. 
Welsh at his post of observation. 

Private Sam Roach, 119 Washington St., Pittsburg, Kans., 
of L Co., was mortally wounded. Privates Harold H. Crosby, 
Rolla, N. D.; Clarence J. Lavin, 318 Hancock St., Topeka. 
Kans. ; William H. Long, Webster Groves, Mo. ; C. E. Boyd, 
Rock Lake, N. D.; Ernest Nordstrom, 372S Longfellow Aye., 
Minneapolis, Minn., and Corporals William Van Vliet, Kim- 
ball, Minn.; Hans Johnson, Menno, S. D. ; and Arthur R. 
Quick, Girard, Minn., all of Company I, were wounded. 

Corporal Theodore E. Grendt, McGregor, la. of L Co. on 
his way to see if his sentries were at their posts, was sep- 
arated from his canteen, the back of his blouse, and his rifle 
was cleaved through at the stock by a "dud" Minnewerfer 
shell. The corporal went to his company P. C. and got a new 
gun, and then went back and saw that his sentries were still 
at their posts. Lt. Donald K. Elder, De Witt, la., of L Com- 
pany was struck in the back of the neck by a piece of shell 
which spun him around and for a moment knocked him sense- 
less. He recovered, had Sergeant Swanson dress his wound 
from his first aid packet, and went out to his advance post 
to see if everything was all right there. 

Hundred Shells Fall 

Some 100 shells lit in both the L and M Companies' areas. 
Considerably more struck the I Co. area. These were con- 
centrated pretty well on the main trench line. It was obliter- 
ated, shelters knocked in and equipment buried yards deep. 
One private was buried by the collapsing of a shelter and had 
to be dug out. Many of these shells were of large caliber. 

In the main, the raid on the I Co. outpost has been de- 



scribed in the introduction to this story. The German prison- 
er taken has stated that the object of the raid was prisoners, 
and if possible an automatic rifle. 

Captain Snead has said that the Supply Co's. period of 
work in the trenches was the most uneventful of its history. 
Increased rations were regularly forwarded. The trench en- 
larged ration of 50 per cent on sugar, coffee and milk, and 
100 per cent on candles and matches will be well remembered. 

Because of the small use for ammunition and pyrotechnics, 
the job of the regimental munitions officer, according to 
Lieutenant Graham, did not amount to much. About the 
time the records came in from the companies on the amount 
of munitions in the company dumps, the order to leave the 
sector had arrived. 

On the night of Nov. 2, the regiment was relieved by 
the 414th Reg. of French infantry, survivors of 28 days of 
straight fighting on the Champagne front. The trench tour 
was nine days long for the 2d and 3d Battalions. The 1st Bn. 
concentrated at Altenbach, the 2d at St. Leger, the 3d at 
Dannemarie on the nights of the 2d and 3d. The Machine 
Gun Co. did not move out until the night of the 3d, when it 
went the long distance to Traubach and from there on the 
following night the 27 kilometers to Eloie. The regiment 
started for the Belfort area the night of Nov. 3. 

"The problem of keeping the roads from being jammed 
by the three battalions marching in the same direction in 
the darkness, and using roads to points that tended to con- 
centrate them on the same roads was solved by intelligent 
routing. These marches of this second stage from the trenches 
will always be remembered by the battalions as the hardest of 
their history. The men were tired from the long sentry duty 
in the trenches. Some of the companies had been relieved late 
and had got little sleep the night before or the day following. 
The packs weighed some 80 pounds on an average. M and L 
and the 3d Bn. intelligence section had 28 miles to hike, going 
to Le Salbert, on the outskirts of Belfort. Starting from 
Dannemarie at 6 P. M. they arrived at 6:30 the following 
morning. Headquarters, the 1st Bn., and I and K Companies 
went the IS miles to Roppe, and the 2d Bn. the 17 miles to 
Perouse. 

At Roppe, Captain Ruth exchanged places with Captain 
Briggs, Captain Ruth going to Headquarters Co.. Captain 
Briggs to the adjutancy. Lt. Ralph McDanel became a first 
lieutenant. 

At these towns near Belfort the men rested. There were 
baths taken by some of the companis in Belfort and short 
leaves to officers and men to that city. Some visits by officers 
not on official business or under leaves received attention from 
headquarters. 

Rumors Get Busy Again 

It was here that the rumor came that it was theplan. of 
the higher-ups that the regiment would soon be entrained for 
the north to take part, as a regimental support, in a new push 
on Metz. 

Also, here came the rumor that the armistice would be 
signed, that the war would be over "toute de suite." Both 
rumors were true. 

Nov. 11, 1918, found the 1st and 2d Battalions and Head- 
quarters entraining for the north, and the Machine Gun Co. 
en route and the 3d Bn. preparing to follow the next day. 
The entraining was amidst celebrating by the citizens of Bel- 
fort and the 1st Bn. men witnessed the celebrations in the 
cities of Epinal, Toul, and Nancy. 

The 352d took the end of the war calmly. Perhaps this 
was because the men were too tired, or a bit stolid and unap- 
preciative of what the end of the war meant to France. Per- 
haps, too, it was because with the relief was a tinge of regret 
that the regiment was not to get into the hot Argonne fishting, 
into a new history-making push on Metz. 

The 3d Bn. singing as if it were going home, entered Bel- 
fort the night of the 12th and followed north the next morn- 
ing. L Co. completed its assigned job of loading the brigade 
at the station". 

Instead of going east from the railhead to Menil la Tour 
as had originally been intended, the regiment was turned west 
and billeted at Lucey, six kilometers from Toul. For the 



History of the 352d Infantry 



63 



first time since Les Laumes, the regiment was all in one place, 
the companies all directly under the hand of Regimental 
Headquarters. 

Now began what is probably the last phase of the regi- 
ment's existence. The prime object for which it had had is 
12-hour-a-day schedules, for which it had worked diligently, 
had been attained. 

The colonel urged that the officers unite to combat the 
tendency toward too great relaxation. The picture of the 
model garrison soldier was thrown on the screen. To the end 
of dressing and maintaining the 3S2d soldier in spick and span 
garrison shape, a field inspection was made in which every 
deficiency of equipment was noted, the officers of one com- 
pany judging the other's company. Ensuing upon that, one 
of the largest regimental requisitions for clothing ever made 
was turned in 

The stay at Lucey was for two weeks. Fatigue and police 
work came to new prominence in the day's program. Some 
salvaging up Verdun way was done. Thanksgiving Day was 
wet, and in some companies had its menu varied with fish 
and fowl brought in from Toul and Nancy. 

Regiment Goes to Gondrecourt 

The regiment proceeded from Lucey in a column of two's 
in excellent marching order to new billets at Bonnet and 
Ribeaucourt, near Gondrecourt, Meuse, some SO kilometers 
west, , on Nov. 29. A corps inspector accompanied the march 
and complimented the regiment on its march discipline, its bil- 
lets, vacated clean, its handling of transportation. The trip 
was made in two days. 

K and M Companies remained behind to police the area 
around Lucey and came on the following day, making the 
entire 32 miles to Bonnet in one day. 

At Bonnet and Ribeaucourt, the 1st and 2d Battalions at 
the latter village, the remainder of the regiment at the former, 
began an existence which has lasted until the date of the 
present writing, Feb. 15, 1919. It gives promise of lasting 
longer. Never will the men forget those two French villages. 
They have policed and swept every square inch of them. They 
know every street turn, every house. They have walked post 
past its barns and houses, built one to the other, until they 
know every window, every iron bar, every door. 

During December there was rain every day and almost 
equally frequent participation in the "problems" that were 
carried through by battalion, regiment, brigade, division and 
army corps. These problems gave excellent practice to the 
field officers and various other practice to the under-officers 
and men. It will be remembered as the time when the regi- 
ment could not get shoes, and the old hobnails of a Vezelois 
issue were running at the heel. 

Also, it will be recalled by the Ribeaucourt maneuverists 
as being the time when the reveilles were in the middle of 
nights so that battalions could get to certain concentration 
points at the allotted time. Also, as containing the times when 
the Ribeaucourt companies returned from maneuvers in the 
blackness of the following nights. In fact, some of the most 
uncomfortable days in the army were spent in the rain and 
snow of the December, 1918, problems. 

During the days of Christmas there was a respite. On 



Noel day the men of the regiment had Christmas trees for 
the children of Ribeaucourt and Bonnet and had money left 
over from the collection to later send to the Stars and Stripes 
fund for French orphans. 

In January close order drill was resumed. A new schedule 
was got out by the Division that confined drill and maneuvers 
to the mornings and assigned one hour to athletics with re- 
treat and inspection for the afternoon programs. 

For a short time, Major Grove had succeeded Captain 
Schenk as the actual commander of the 3d Bn. He was an 
officer of much National Guard experience and in his brief 
stay earned the complete confidence of the officers and men. 
In January, Major Wilson came back to the battalion from 
the Langres staff school. Shortly afterward, Major Kipp was 
sent there from the 2d Bn. 

Homesickness is Combated 

During all the time in France, the regiment had had its 
noncommissioned officer ranks depleted by quotas to officer 
candidates' schools, and had also rotated officers and N. C. 
O's. to corps schools. 

The talk of going home, the baseless rumors and general 
homesickness bestirred the regiment to active means of com- 
bating the situation. A regimental entertainment committee 
was formed. To date the committee has been responsible for 
the securing of three theatre buildings, two in Ribeaucourt 
and one in Bonnet. It started the ambitious show-a-night 
program which brought the Regiment and Division attention 
throughout the A. E. F. 

Also, there was started a weekly paper, "The Tars and 
Tripes," gotten out on a mimeograph, and filled with personal 
news of men throughout the regiment. Athletic and drill 
competitions were arranged. 

Furthermore, an Adrian barracks was procured for each 
company. Electric lights were installed in Bonnet. Billets 
were provided with stoves and wood bought from the local 
communal forests by the company funds. 

At present the regiment is bending efforts to the winning 
of the Division Horse Show competition. 

(SUMMARY— This narrative of the 352d has been a long 
one. It is aimed to give all the surface facts that have happen- 
ed to the regiment. Its members may read the narrative and 
by these mentionings be reminded of the more personal ex- 
periences that relate to them. We know we are a good regi- 
ment. We understand that we have not the glowing record 
of the Blue Devils, of the Princess Pats, of the 13th What- 
Nots. But we do understand, too, that these things are in 
the main matters of circumstance and opportunity. So, voila 
and comme-ca. We, to the number of 621, come from Iowa, 
U. S. A., 604 of us from Missouri, 494 from Minnesota. 432 
from North Dakota, 308 from Kansas, 200 from South Dakota, 
78 from Nebraska and 39 from Illinois. This is our present 
strength, which is 2,849. Those are good states to come from 
and they are good states to go to. We shall do that one of 
these days, and then, afterward, we shall treasure in our 
memory the experiences of the 3S2d, not always pleasant, 
sometimes good red-blooded action, never ladylike, always of 
the stuff of a man's job. — D. C. O.) 




'JTJUrr, J3ff»^. J 
/a Act<<w~* 



PART 4 



History of the 163 d F. A. Brigade 



(The following was prepared from a sickbed by Major 
John 11. MacMillan, Jr., of Minneapolis, former adjutant of 
the 163d F. A. Brig., hence under difficult circumstances, and 
without extensive data at hand. Major MacMillan was con- 
valescing at the time at a Los Angeles Sanitarium, and was 
well on the road to recovery after a severe illness). 

The Field Artillery Brigade of the' 88th Div. came into 
existence during the latter part of August, 1917, when Camp 
Dodge was as yet only half constructed. Its first members, 
four officers of the regular army, reported for duty at Division 
Headquarters in the old brick house on the hill. But one of 
these, the brigade commander, Brig. Gen. Stephen M. Foote, 
remained with the brigade until its dissolution. Two others 
retained command of their regiments until they were ordered 
home from France in December, 1918. These were Colonels 
George R. Greene and Samuel C. Vestal, commanding the 
337th and 339th Regiments respectively. Lieut. Col. Francis 
W. Honeycutt, the fourth, commanded the 338th until he was 
ordered to the general staff a month or two before the regi- 
ment sailed for France. 

The junior officers of the brigade, graduates of the first 
O. T. C. at Ft. Snelling, joined the last day of August, and 
were assigned to regiments immediately on reporting. Of 
enlisted personnel there was none until late in September, 
when the drafts began arriving from points throughout the 
Northwest. From this first draft were drawn most of the 
N. C. O.'s who remained with their organizations to the bitter 
end. 

The history of the Field Artillery Brigade at Camp Dodge 
differed but little from that of the rest of the Division. There 
were the usual drills, the disheartening transfers of men to 
other camps, and interminable schools. Most of the officers 
were sent to the School of Fire for Field Artillery at Ft. 
Sill, Okla., for a ten weeks' course of instruction. Of mater- 
ial there was little. Field pieces and horses seemed few and 
far between except for a period during the winter when the 
officers of the 338th had to groom horses from early morning 
until late at night. 

Major Harrison Fuller, Brigade adjutant, who is assistant 
managing editor of the St. Paul Dispatch in private life, was 
sent to the Ft. Sill school as instructor, in February, 1918, re- 
maining there throughout the war. 

The brigade was ordered to France as a part of the 88th 
Div., but was the last of the Division to set sail. We left 
Camp Dodge during the hottest part of a very hot August, 
and few regretted leaving its dust and muck, and cheerfully 
forgot the long months of weary waiting. 

Detachment Goes First 

The first unit to sail was an advance detachment of se- 
• lected officers and men, destined to take a gruelling course of 
instruction at Coetquidan. near Brest. The remaining units 
sailed in separate convoys between the 15th and 23rd of Au- 
gust, 1918, all from Hoboken, The trips across were without 
incident, except for the good Portuguese ship Traz os Montes, 
which carried Brigade Headquarters and the 338th, as well 
as some overflow officers from the 313th and 337th F. A. Am- 
munition Train. The troops were on this transport for 23 
days, and had the pleasure of drinking brackish water or "dago 
red," besides experiencing the thrill of a submarine attack. 
That the Traz os Montes escaped was due solely to the in- 
capacity, or forethought of the Portuguese officers in forcing 
the Persic, carrying troops from Camp Pike, to trade places 
in- the convoy. Needless to state it was the Persic that was 
torpedoed, and not the Traz os Montes. What the captain of 
the Persic thought of it is not on record but all on the Traz 
os Montes felt duly grateful to our gallant Portuguese cap- 
tain. 



Excepting for the 313th Ammunition Train, and some 
few officers later sent forward for instruction, this was the 
only action seen by the brigade. 

The troops landed in England, some at London, some at 
Liverpool, and some at Southampton. A few days in a rest 
camp near Southampton and all were hurried across to Le 
Havre. A few more days in another rest ( ?) camp and the 
brigade was scattered all over France. So thoroughly scat- 
tered in fact that the brigade commander and the chief of 
artillery required several weeks to find out just where their 
units were located, and just which ones really did belong to 
whom. Units were finally located as follows : 

337th F. A. — In billets near Clermont-Ferrand (Puy de 
Dome. 

338th F. A. — Camp de Souge near Bordeaux. 

339th F. A. — In billets near Clermont-Ferrand. 

313th T. M. Batt.— At the Trench Artillery School at 
Vitry, near Langres. 

313th Amm. Tr.— With the 88th Division. 

Brigade Headquarters — In luxury at Clermont-Ferrand. 

Regiments are Equipped 

It took some two or three weeks finally to determine what 
constituted the brigade, and it was then decreed by the powers 
that be, that it should consist of Brigade Headquarters, and 
the 337th and 339th F. A. Regiments, both to be equipped with 
the 155 mm, Grand Puissance Filloux, motorized. The 338th 
was to become army artillery and to be equipped with 75mm 
guns, mounted on trucks one day, and horsed the next — i. e. 
it never was settled. The Trench Mortar Battery was trans- 
ferred to the Trench Artillery School at Vitry. The brigade 
was then assigned tentatively to be the corps artillery of the 
VII Corps, one of the units of the 2nd Army. Unfortunately 
just when the brigade was to move forward the Germans saw 
fit to call it quits. 

The 338th was in cantonments at Camp de Souge. amid 
the sand dunes of Gironde. The 337th was in billets in the 
little villages of Blanzat, Gerzat, and Cebezat, 8 km. north of 
Clermont-Ferrand. The 339th, was in St. Amande Tallende 
and St. Saturnin, some 15 km. south of Clermont-Ferrand. 
Parts of the Ammunition Train were for a while at Vertazon, 
20 km. east of Clermont. Clermont itself was the headquar- 
ters of the Organization and Training Center Tractor Artil- 
lery, No. 3. Each regiment sent selected officers and men to 
the "Center" for brief courses in the care and use of their 
guns and tractors. These men then returned to their organi- 
zations which had by that time received some material, and in 
turn instructed the rest of the men. 

The French assured us that all this training which we re- 
ceived during September, October and November, really was 
not necessary in view of the thorough training received in the 
U. S. A. but that it was impossible to supply us with materials 
until late in November, consequently we were placed back out 
of the way to kill time as best we could. Be that as it may, 
we made rapid progress in the use of our equipment and com- 
pleted our course, by having each battalion spend a week on 
the magnificent firing range in the mountains some 20 km. 
west of Clermont-Ferrand. Clermont-Ferrand is in the heart 
of Auvergne, in the oldest (and, I might add the dirtiest) part 
of France. A favorite French insult is to say "As dirty as 
an Auvergnain." 

Late in November, the 29th to be exact, we received our 
orders to turn in our equipment preparatory to returning to 
the U. S. This was done in record time, and the first of 
Decemher saw us headed toward Bordeaux. The guns and 
tractors were hauled overland in record time, covering the 
300-odd kilometers in a little over five days. "The race 
to Bordeaux" it was called, and the 337th convoy under com- ' 



66 



History of the 163rd F. A. Brigade 



mand of Lt. Col. H. Ray Freeman, defeated the 339th convoy 
commanded by Major William B. Rosevear, Jr., by two minutes 
and 30 seconds. The rest of the brigade went by train, and had 
visions of stepping from train to boat, but were instead forc- 
ed to go into billets just north of Bordeaux, on the banks 
of the Dordogne. Brigade Headquarters was in the chateau 
of Mongeont-le-Gravier, which was literally translated by 
their envious friends as "Riding the Gravy," in the village 
of St. Eulalie, called "Ukelele." 

It was the day before Christmas when the 339th finished 
up its football tournament, whereupon we were at liberty to 
move into Camp Genicart, where the 338th had already pre- 
ceded us from Camp de Souge. This last named regiment 
sailed Dec. 23. Brigade Headquarters followed on Christ- 
mas day, while the 337th and 339th left in small detach- 
ments during January. Excepting for one detachment which 
had to put in at the Azores for repairs to their ship, the trip 
home was uneventful. More rest camps, more delousers, 
more examinations, stacks of paperwork, and we were 
through. Brigade Headquarters was mustered out at Camp 
Dodge, Jan. 20, 1919, a day or two after the 338th had been 
released. Within a month all of the units had been dis- 
banded. 



The organization was commanded as follows : — 

Brigade Commander — Brig. Gen. Stephen M. Foote. 

337th F. A. — From organization until December 1918, Col. 
George R. Greene. 

From December, 1918, until discharge Lt. Col. 
H. R. Freeman. 

338th F. A.— From organization until May, 1918, Lt. Col. 
Francis W. Honeycutt. 

From May, 1918, until discharge Col. Ned B. 
Rehkopf. 

339th F. A. — From organization until December, 1918, Col. 
Samuel C. Vestal. 

From December, 1918, until discharge, Lt. Col. 
Harold Burdick. 

313th Trench Mortar Battery — Capt. Donald Stewart. 



313th Ammunition Train — From organization to February, 
1918, Lt. Col. Ernest Olmstead. 
From February, 1918, until sailing Col. Milton 
A. Elliott, Jr. 
From sailing until discharge, Lt. Col. Olmstead 

Chronology 

1917 

First Reserve Officers Training Camp — May 15-Aug. 15. 

Regular Army Officers Report — Aug. 15-29. 

Reserve Officers Report — Aug. 29. 

Drafted Men Report — Sept. 5. 

First Detachment sent to Camp Pike — Xov-16-19. 

1918 

Training and Transferring of Draft Men until June. 

Brigade leaves Camp Dodge — Aug. 10-13. 

Leaves Hoboken — Aug. 16-23. 

Arrives England — Aug. 26-Sept. 3. 

Arrives Le Havre — Sept. 4-12. 

Units arrive at Training Centers — Sept. 10-16. 

313th Amra. Tr. joins 88th Division — Oct. 

Brig. Hq., 337th and 339th leave Clermont Ferrand— Dec. 1. 

Arrive billets Bordeaux — Dec. 2. 

1919 

Brigade leaves France — Dec. 23-Jan. 25. 

Brigade discharged — Jan. 19-Feb. 20. 

General Foote, Brigade commander, died Oct. 30, 1919, at 
the post hospital at Fort Banks. His temporary commission 
of brigadier general was canceled after the demobilization of 
the command and at the time of his death he held the rank 
of colonel Coast Artillery Corps, to which he was promoted 
in 1911. He was in command of the coast defenses of Boston. 

Stephen Miller Foote was born at La Salle, Mich., in 1859, 
and was appointed to the U. S. Military Academy from Ver- 
mont. He had the distinction of being the original advocate 
of summer training camps for college men. In 1897 he won a 
gold medal of the Military Service Institution for the best 
essay on raising, organizing and training volunteers. 




Views around Chateau Billets inside of in .insure at Blanzat (lower left) Lt. H. 
C. Metcalf, Lt. (Capt.) M. S. Robb, Lt. E. F. Ver Wiebe of D Bty.. 337th F. A.; (upper 
right )Hq, Bty. and Officers' Sleeping Quarters, Old Chateau; (upper left) View from 
New Chateau. 



History of the 337th F. A. Regt. 



Following is a brief summary of the principal events in 
the history of the 337th F. A., prepared by Eugene S. Bibb, 
Captain F. A., regimental adjutant: 

The 337th F. A. under command of Col. George R. 
Greene consisted of National Army men inducted into the 
service September, 1917, at which time the entire Regiment 
was composed of Minneapolis men. We were unfortunate, 
however, during the next 11 months in losing our entire en- 
listed personnel, with the exception of noncommissioned offi- 
cers, through transfer. Our career in Camp Dodge covered 
a period of a trifle over 11 months, in which time we gained 
a reputation of being one of the most efficient organizations 
in the 88th Div. 

The Advance Party left Camp Dodge July ,25, 1918, and 
arrived at Camp Upton, N. Y., July 28; embarked on the S. 
S. Leviathan Aug. 3, at noon and sailed from Hoboken Aug. 
4; landed at Brest, France, Aug. 11, and marched to Pon- 
tanzen Barracks, where the party was quartered in an area 
formerly occupied by Napoleon. The members were sent to 
schools at Gequetdan, France, attending four weeks' courses 
in all classes of artillery preparation. They rejoined the 
Regiment at Cebazat, France, Sept. 12, 1918. The party 
consisted of 54 enlisted men and the following officers : 

Lieut. Col. Henry R. Freeman, Jr., Major Benjamin F. 
Brundred, Major Richard W. Redfield, Capr. Raymond T. 
Benson, Capt. James A. Cathcart, Capt. C. A. Lyman, 1st 
Lt. Carl H. Gewalt, 2nd Lt. Robert A. Schmitt, Capt. Walter 
J. Kennedy, 1st Lt. Glen Ireland, 1st Lt. Harold T. Lander- 
you, 1st Lt. Dabney G. Miller, Capt. Jesse E. Maxey, 1st Lt. 
John D. Matz, 1st Lt. Howard G. Mealey, and 1st Lt. Miles 
H. McNally. 

We (the Regiment) left Camp Dodge Aug. 11, 1918, 
stopping at Camp Mills, Long Island, prior to embarking for 
overseas. We boarded the H. M. T. Bohemian, an English 
vessel, at Hoboken, N. J., Aug. 17, 1918. We lay in the 
harbor 24 hours while our convoy was being made up and on 
the 18th we started for foreign shores accompanied by a 



dirigible, an aeroplane and a number of cruisers and torpedo 
boats. 

We landed at Liverpool, England, Aug. 31, after an un- 
eventful voyage and marched from the docks to an American 
rest camp at "Knotty Ash," England. From Knotty Ash 
we boarded a train and arrived at Southampton, Sept. 2 and 
camped at Camp "Burning Ash." The 3rd of September we 
boarded the S. S. Narragansett, manned by American sailors 
and crossed the English Channel arriving at Le Havre, 
France. Leaving an American Rest Camp at Le Havre we 
boarded a train and rode to Clermont-Ferrand, passing with- 
in 12 kilometers of Paris. We arrived at Clermont-Ferrand 
Sept. 8, marching from there and billeting at Cebazat, Gerzat 
and Blanzat. 

We entered the O. & T. C, T. A. No. 3, at Clermont- 
Ferrand and completed a five weeks' course covering all 
classes of artillery preparation. On completing school we 
received a number of 155 mm G. P. F. guns and tractors 
and commenced firing on the range which completed our 
training prior to being sent to the front. The armistice 
was signed only a few days before we were scheduled to 
depart for the front. 

On Nov. 30 we received orders to move to Bordeaux 
which was our first step to the U. S. A., arriving at St. 
Loubes Dec. 1. 

After completing our records at St. Loubes we were 
ordered to the Permanent Embarkation Camp at Bordeaux. 
Before leaving St. Loubes our commanding officer, Colonel 
Greene, was transferred (Dec. 15, 1918) to the 5th F. A. 
Brig, stationed in Bigburg, Germany. 

At the permanent embarkation camp at Bordeaux we 
were put through a delousing mill and new clothing issued 
to all the men. The 8th of January, 1919, we sailed for 
the U. S., arriving at Hoboken, Jan. 19, 1919. We entrained 
at Hoboken on the 20th and arrived at Camp Merritt, N. J., 
the same day. We rested at Camp Merritt until Jan. 23, 
entraining on that date for Camp Dodge, Iowa, and arriving 
Jan. 26, 1919. 




Paper Factory at Blanzat, part of which was occupied by portion of D Bty. 



68 



History of the 337th F, A. Kelt. 



The story of the 337th Regiment of Field Artillery is a 
story of tragedy — as befits a war narrative. But there are 
varieties of tragedy, and this is of a different character from 
the kind that goes with carnage and sudden death. It is 
more of the kind that had to do with the sensibilities of the 
soldiers who were marched bravely "up the hill and then 
marched down again." 

The first of the series of heart-breaking events was in 
November, 1917, when the rookies of the first draft, having 
been drilled and taught, and drilled and taught, and having 
developed some of the spirit and mutual regard that follow 
close association under hard conditions, the batteries and 
companies were ripped asunder and all but a comparative 
handful sent away to other camps. 

A long, short-handed winter followed, when there were 
scarcely enough men for guard, K. P. and other similar 
duties. It came to be known as the "Siege of Camp Dodge," 
and ended only when on Feb. 22, 1918, another quota of the 
first draft began to arrive. Once more the units went up to 
near full strength and drill and teaching went ahead again 
with renewed vigor. They were training for the big war 
and hoped they soon would, go over there together. 

But alas ! Late in March and into April orders came 
once more stripping the organizations to two or three dozen. 

Then on April 28 another increment took the places of 
those lost and once more the barracks at the north end of 
Camp Dodge filled up and the grounds of the area became 
beehives of industry. It required a special brand of zeal and 
patriotism for the officers and noncoms to maintain their in- 
terest in drilling set after set of temporary units, but there 
was always the hope that possibly the last to come would be 
permanent. 

.But the latest arrivals remained only about a month, 
when they, too, were ordered away. About 15 camps all 
over the country by this time had considerable quotas of men 
who acquired their initial military training at the hands of 
the "drill masters" of Camp Dodge. 

May 28 was the date of the next experiment at raising 
a permanent regiment — and this time, as it turned out, the 
recruits came "for keeps." In June more arrived, at the 
same time as drill became feverish in intensity at the pros- 
pect of departure overseas at last. Still the units were not 
full strength, but when the regiment finally got under way 
for France in August, 1918, and stopped at Camp Mills, L. I., 
before embarking, the ranks were filled or nearly so with 
men from various localities. 

France at last! This was the goal and aim of the year of 
preparation which had been the lot of the original faithfuls. 
But of the real, pure-stock 337th-ers of September, 1917, 
there were very few in the organization which made its way 
to Clermont-Ferrand (Puy de Dome), France, in September, 
1918, and went into training anew and with tremendous appli- 
cation. Some units had only three or four men, besides the 
officers, who had been in Camp Dodge a year before. 

But the frequent disappointments, the feelings of out- 
rage and discouragement were forgotten. Here they were 
where the war was at last, and there were big guns, regular 
war stuff, to play with. The past was allowed to remain past. 
Now was real work to do and no time for memories or 
regrets. There were new drills, range work and maneuvers — 
plenty of hard drill. True, the war was still far away from 
this spot south of the center of France, but if they did not 
go to Death up there along the "Front," at least Death came 
to them, and the "flu" swept the ranks and laid many low, 

Braced for Bloody Work 

That was hard to put up with, but it was a small matter 
after all. They were bracing themselves for the bloody work 
that was due to be coming to them soon. Word of it came 
through early in November and there was joy at the prospect 
of putting into practical use the lessons so thoroughly mas- 
tered. Everything and everybody was ready and it is prob- 
able that interspersed with the sensations of small-boy ex- 
pectancy and delight were frequent twinges of trepidation 
and speculation. But all were keyed up to go through with 
whatever was in store and to do it gloriously, gladly, freel) . 
when — The war was over. 



There was no war for them to go to, no place to make 
use of all the learning and test out their gathered valor. 
The great efforts, the constant strain, the conscious weight, all 
ended in an anti-climax for the 337th Regiment of Field Ar- 
tillery, and there was nothing further to do for the men in 
the military world, so they turned around and marched 
"down the hill" again — that is home. Thus began, ensued 
and ended the history of as snappy an organization as the 
United States ever formed out of its citizens to go oyer to 
Europe and put an end to the activities of one W. Hohen- 
zollern and his followers. 

Thus it would seem that all the time the members of the 
regiment devoted to the art of war was dissipated and gone 
for naught. But such is by no means the case. Whether or 
not the men proceeded as far as the front line was a small 
matter. They had gone through the stages that make a sol- 
dier a good fighting man. The small step farther, from Puy 
de Dome to Metz, where the regiment was scheduled to 
"go in," while it would have proved a refining process of val- 
ue to the experienced gunner, would have added little to his 
fund of lore. Yet it would have been the "finishing touch" — 
it would have provided the satisfaction that every strong 
man craved as a reward for long and patient effort. That 
the regiment was robbed of this opportunity was the final 
and crowning tragedy. 

The early history of the 337th F. A., is so much of a 
piece with the stories of all the other organizations of the 
88th Div. while at Camp Dodge that going into further de- 
tail of that portion of the story than has already been done 
would be needless repetition of matter that can be obtained 
by glancing over preceding narratives. The Regiment re- 
ceived its first men from the early contingent of 5 per cent of 
the first draft, who arrived Sept. 5, 1917. These men were 
drilled hurriedly and intensively' in order that they might 
lie prepared, in their turn, to drill the next increment due in 
a few days. 

This first "bunch" was of a high order, men not only of 
superior intelligence and ability, but men filled with a superior 
ardor and desire to make use of themselves for the glory 
of their country. It was a marvelous spectacle to see bow, 
almost in a few hours, they grasped the right idea and took 
form as trained soldiery. The nation owes much to these 
early men who first reported at Camp Dodge, for the speed 
and excellency with which the National Army was made lit 
for the front. 

Col. George R. Greene was designated to command the 
337th and he remained with the organization overseas. In 
the first days at Camp Dodge the artillery area was near 
the southern end of the cantonment, but as building construc- 
tion extended farther and farther, the three regiments were 
allotted barracks side by side at the north end of camp, near 
the Base Hospital, and the artillery range was established 
adjoining this area toward the north and slightly west. 

A special feature of the early life at Camp Dodge and 
the training there was the various schools to which officers 
and men were sent for specific instruction in various states. 
The School of Fire at Ft. Sill drew hundreds from the 
163d Brig. 

Little if any more than 90 per cent of the 337th is in- 
terested in what happened during the first eight or nine 
months at Camp Dodge, for that portion was not there then. 
In June and July, 1918, however, the contingent then present 
knew or felt that something was in the air and the vigor 
with which work was prosecuted foretold that the "some- 
thing" was the order overseas. Those were memorable days 
as the companies and batteries were being whipped into shape 
for the big adventure across the water. Detachments of men 
were received at various times, mostly from Camp Funston 
and the Dunwoody Institute at Minneapolis, being assimilated 
with great benefit to the organizations. 

Long Ways to Town 

Life at Camp Dodge that summer was too strenuous to 
permit much time or opportunity for more than the scheduled 
portion of recreation. It was a long ways to town in either 
direction along the Intcrurban Railroad (or "Interruption" 
Line as it was quickly dubbed) and training began early in 
the morning and continued until late evening. There was 



History of the 337th F. A. Regt. 



69 




Scenes near Blanzat 




Views Around 2d Bn. Billets 



70 



History of the 337th F. A. Regt. 



no time to go anywhere. Camp Dodge was "strictly business" 
and so long as there was prospect of early transfer overseas 
the men offered no objection but put their shoulders to the 
wheel with one accord and admirable cooperation. 

Departure of the 337th Regiment's detail to help make 
up the Advance Party to France July 25, 1918, was a distinct 
event, and made all feel that at last the Regiment and Division 
were an accepted part of the machine fighting the Huns. 
With the leaving of the advance and school detachments the 
movement abroad was under way in earnest. 

One of the memorable incidents of the cross-country 
journey from Camp Dodge to the sea was the plunge in Lake 
Erie near Cleveland, and another was the ministrations of 
the women of the Red Cross at certain points along the route. 
At 'Camp Mills the men received their overseas "gear," 
batteries which were below strength received new members, 
and officers acquired their Sam Browne belts and gained 
more of the more or less erroneous information regarding 
what could be taken overseas in the way of personal property 
and what was prohibited. Officers' baggage was limited to a 
trunk locker of 150 pounds, a bedroll and such baggage as 
could be carried on the person. 

There were eight troop ships in the convoy of which the 
Bohemian, carrying the 337th Regt., was a part. The Bo- 
hemian, however, was unable to accommodate all the 337th 
officers, and Lieutenant A. G. Bainbridge, Jr., of Minneapolis 
and Edward C. Monahan of Denver, were sent aboard the 
Traz os Montes, as was also Lt. Charles P. Kelly of the 313th 
Ammunition Train. The brigade commander and staff, and 
the 338th F. A., with certain other miscellaneous officers, 
were aboard the Traz os Montes, a Portuguese ship with a 
Portuguese captain and crew. The eight ships had little 
more than got under way when the Traz os Montes "burst 
a boiler," as some of the Americans expressed it. She had 
engine trouble, at any rate, and was obliged to fall behind, 
turn around and steam back to New York for repairs. 

Irksome Days of Waiting 

Those were irksome days of waiting for those on board, 
not only because of the delay and getting behind the rest of 
the convoy, but because of the foul smell of the vessel, and 
denial of shore leave to New York. The Montes had been 
loaded Aug. 17, and steamed out of New York at 7:35 A. M. 
next day, Sunday. It was 2:30 P. M. when the accident oc- 
curred which sent the boat back. It was an old tub, and had 
been used to convey negro troops for the French. 

Day after day went by and still they remained at anchor. 
Then Lieut. Bainbridge took up a collection with which to 
buy a phonograph and records for an army hospital, which 
gave him an excuse to go to. New York and get the accumu- 
lated letters in the mail. One method of killing time and 
keeping the men clean was to permit them to row about in the 
lifeboats and go to the beach at Tompkinsville to swim. This 
gave some of the officers an idea. Just whose idea it was 
may be a question, but Bainbridge asserted it was broached 
by Lieut. Monahan. Anyway, on the sixth day after this 
tiresome lying in wait, and after an afternoon swim at the 
beach, it was proposed to take one of the lifeboats and ex- 
tend a trip farther than the beach. 

It was not difficult to induce a party to go. Accordingly, 
a boat was manned by the adventurers and it swung out. 
Those aboard were, besides the three officers named. Lieuten- 
ants Harrie E. Perkins, Charles W. Gillen, John B. Stoddard, 
T. W. Manning, John H. McGorrick, all of the 338th F. A.. 
Doud J. Bleifuss and George F. Fisher. The little craft was 
tied under the pier at Tompkinsville, and evening found the 
ten officers in New York. After the Winter Garden, it was 
the Midnight Follies, and signs of dawn were in the sky be- 
fore the lifeboat was untied from its moorings and, with 
tired but happy officers at the oars, started back for the 
Montes with the swift tide. The ship was now surrounded 
with many other vessels making up a convoy which was to 
start that day and the only fears the officers had was lest it 
should be gone before they got back. 

As they neared the convoy in the grey morning, the 
difficulty of locating their particular ship became acute. All 
were camouflaged, but at last someone sighted the cloth sign 



which marked the Montes, and they made for it. The chan- 
nel water was as calm as glass and not a sound broke the still- 
ness of dawn, except the noise of the oars of the approach- 
ing boat. 

A guard saw it. Probably he was some farmer lad from 
Iowa who had never seen a boat bigger than a chip in a pud- 
dle before. What suspicious craft was this, coming at this 
unseemly hour? Was it a load of Hun agents disguised as 
Americans and bent on blowing up the troopship? He didn't 
wait to inquire. 

"Corporal of the guard !" he bellowed. 

Dismay overtook the truants. They had counted on 
being able to get back aboard with no one being the wiser 
for their escapade, and had they not been so early, they 
probably could have gotten away with it. 

"Shut up, you fool," one of them called, in consternation. 
But that only made matters worse. Now the guard was sure 
the attackers were of the enemy. 

"Corporal of the guard !" he yelled some more, and yet 
more, until from ship to ship went the alarm, soldiers lined 
the railings everywhere to learn the cause of the fuss, and 
when the officers climbed the ladder it was to find the guard's 
reception committee waiting to take their names. 

Can't Wear Their S. Brownes 

But the commanding general was not severe. They re- 
ceived the censure they had coming to them, of course, and 
General Foote further deprived them of the distinction of 
wearing their new Sam Browne belts during the voyage (!). 
One of the officers had been recommended for a captaincy, 
but he never heard anything more of that. Otherwise none 
seemed any the worse for their escapade. 

The voyage at once became a monotonous repetition after 
the convoy at last weighed anchor, Aug. 25, 1918. But it 
was not to continue so. The old Montes, which formerly 
was the Von Bulow until taken over by the Portuguese, was 
to be mixed up in further history. 

The first thing that happened after the convoy got to 
sea was the persistant falling behind of the old "Traz." The 
American commander of the fleet repeatedly spurred up the 
lagging Portuguese and one day an exchange of rather 
wrathy language resulted. The fleet commander could stand 
it no longer when he saw the Montes only a speck on the 
horizon one morning and wirelessed the captain that he was 
"inviting submarine attack by falling behind the convoy" and 
that he (the commander) refused to take further responsi- 
bility for his safety if he did not keep up. 

General Foote, on board the Montes had meanwhile be- 
come greatly concerned, also, and had frequent conferences 
with the captain, through the interpreter. Then the truth 
came out — the Portuguese stokers in the hold had gotten into 
the wine cellar and were almost out of commission. 

The general appealed to his own men and obtained suffi- 
cient volunteers to go into the hold to shovel coal at the same 
rate of pay as the regular stokers received. Very soon great 
clouds of black smoke came from the ship's stacks, there was 
a perceptible increase of speed on the part of the Montes, and 
cheer on cheer went up from the throats of the worried pas- 
sengers as they saw the spurt. Gradually the boat gained on 
the fleet, and by evening of the next day everyone went to 
bed happy in the thought that at last they were nearly up to 
where they belonged. As a matter of fact, the Montes was a 
swift vessel. 

But on looking out the next morning the men's glee was 
dashed to pieces to discover that again they were behind, and 
the fleet was almost disappearing over the horizon. What 
could be the matter now? An investigation quickly followed 
— and found the American stokers also had discovered the 
wine casks, and were likewise incapacitated! The trouble was 
quickly remedied, however. A sergeant was put in charge of 
each group of men and there was no further difficulty about 
tiring the boilers. The Traz os Montes soon caught up with 
the rest of the convoy and remained there. 

All went smoothly then, with everybody either wearing 
or carrying his lifebelt constantly, night and day, ready for 
the possible emergency, when, at 3:15 P. M., Sept. 7, off the 
Scilly Islands, a German submarine rose to the surface on the 
Starboard side of the Traz os Montes. It might have been 



History of the 337th F. A. Regt. 



71 



155mm. (long) " G. P. F. " Hun 
Killers and their Crews 




(Top) Lt. Monahan, Supply Co. (left), and Capt. Bibb, Adjutant 337th F. A. 
(right); (No. 2 from top) Lt. Newcomb and 1st Sect, and its gun of D Bty. ; (center) 
Section and gun of B Bty.; (lower inset) — 2d Sect, and gun of D Bty.; (bottom) — 
Lt. Ely Salvard with section and gun of A Bty., 337th F. A. 



72 



History of the 337th F. A. Regt. 



all up with the ancient ship had it not been for the fact that, 
just a few moments before, the ship Persic, loaded with 
horses, dropped back from its place on the port side of the 
Montes to exchange places with the latter. The Persic was 
just coming up on the starboard side when the submarine ap- 
peared, and to save itself from being run down or attacked, 
the U-boat submerged and passed under the Montes. 

By this time, of course, the alarm had long since sounded 
and on all the ships the men were doing their "boat drill," 
taking their positions beside their allotted lifeboats and rafts. 
On the Montes these lanky chaps from the prairies were 
standing in their places craning their necks to see what was 
going on. If they were going to be sent down, they wanted 
to see how it was done, anyway, and who did it. 

U-Boat Fires a Torpedo 

Suddenly the diver came up on the port side of the 
Montes and let fly a torpedo. Hut it was a poor aim and 
missed the stern by about ten feet, witnesses said. Then it 
tired again at the Persic. The torpedo went true. A noise 
like a giant cannon ensued, and the Persic was hidden from 
view in a burst of water and spray. The U-boat disappeared 
at once to escape the attack that was already under way by 
the escort. The waves around the Persic went down, and 
the ship came to view again with an enormous hole torn in its 
side. 

Almost more quickly than it can be told, a collision 
blanket was let over the side to cover the rent and later it was 
learned that the Persic had made Cardiff safely for repairs. 
It was reported also that the destroyers which began drop- 
ping depth bombs thickly where the undersea boat had gone 
down had succeeded in sinking it for good. 

One of the amusing incidents of the U-boat attack aboard 
the Traz os Montes was the search for the gunners. There 
were men on duty as required to man the guns on an instant's 
alarm, but it was discovered that one of the others had the 
firing pin for the main piece in his pocket, and he was not to 
be found. 

Another incident that demands mention had to do with 
the exhibition of control and discipline by the newly-made sol- 
diers from the American West. It was a test that few would 
care to be put up against, but they went through it like vet- 
erans of long military training. The men carried out the "boat 
drill" calmly, except for the note of expectancy and curiosity 
that ran through them. They took their places beside their al- 
lotted craft and stood. Not a person was to move away or 
get into the boats until the word of command came from one 
of the ship's crew. Disobedience might mean a bullet from 
one of these, for this was serious business. 

Rut there was no need of threat or caution. These youths 
merely craned their necks to see what was going on, but kept 
one foot in place. It was a splendid example of calm and poise 
in the face of posible death by drowning. There was one 
person in the jam on the upper deck who in his eagerness 
forgot orders and jumped into one of the boats, but he was 
not one of the hast ; ly drilled private soldiers. Nor was he 
one of the scores of citizen reserve officers. He was the com- 
mander, the highest regular army officer aboard. 

The convoy completed its voyage without further incident 
nnd the 337th Regt. officers were detached and sent to rejoin 
their organization in France, via Cherbourg. On this trip 
Lieut. Bainbridge attended the funeral of one of the boys of 
the 351st Inf., Carl Lundberg, 23 years old, who died Sept. 13. 
Lundberg had been left behind ill and Bainbridge carried an 
American flag to the grave and placed it on the coffin at the 
village of Tourlaville, Sunday, Sept. 15. 

The impressions, sensations and mental and physical ex- 
periences of the men on parting from the familiar scenes of 
Midwestern America, going through the older sections of the 
East, past the world's metropolis with its many wonders, 
aboardship for the first time in their lives, the airplanes and 
dirigibles overhead, war vessels close at hand, the submarine 
menace constantly before them, the sighting of a foreign land 
for the first time, the passage through England with its park- 
like country sides, the stay at "rest tamps," the crossing of 
the dangerous English Channel. France at last ( !), the jour- 
ney in "40 Hommes, 8 Chevaux" boxcars, the stay in French 
billets and mingling with the peasant people, the interested 



observation of the strange customs — these things form an 
important part of the adventures or our soldiers in the war. 
They should not be permitted to die in oblivion. Already 
memory grows dim of thoughts that sped through the avidly 
active mind, the surprises and amusing incidents. A perusal 
of the narratives of individuals in an earlier chapter will serve 
to bring almost forgotten scenes and events to mind. 

Training Is Resumed 

It was a well-trained regiment of American soldiers, re- 
cently common, every-day citizens, that marched the few miles 
from the railroad to the villages of Blanzat, Gerzat and Cebe- 
zat, north of Clermont-Ferrand, province of Puy de Dome, 
and were assigned to billets. Without the slightest let-up, 
training went on as soon as the men got in. Equipment, of 
course, the men did not have, but it was not long before French 
155mm. guns and Holte tractors were issued, and then training 
went on apace. These guns gave the men new zest. Great, 
enormous, towering engines of terror they were, weighing 
nearly 15 tons each. To handle them required much practice 
with rope, tackle and other devices. 

The 337th will never forget the Sunday morning when the 
units were drawn up and the men with colds were asked to 
raise their hands. All but a few admitted that they were 
affected. This was the beginning of the epidemic of Spanish 
influenza, of "flu," that swept the Americans in September and 
October, 1918, and laid thousands in their graves even before 
they had come within sound of the guns at the front. But 
severe as the visitation was in France, it was far worse back 
home in the United States, where the toll of dead went into 
hundreds of thousands that following winter. 

In the absence of sufficient hospital facilities for so large 
a number of patients, subterfuges of all sorts were arranged in 
which to take care of the men, who were ill, and in the ab- 
sence of sufficient medical men and nurses, the men who did 
not come down were taught the necessary duties of an at- 
tendant of the sick, which they performed cheerfully and well 
in addition to their regular duties of artillery training. Many 
French women did what they could also for "les soldats Amer- 
icains,'' and more than one fellow will bless the memory of 
some woman in black whom he did not know or understand, 
but whose ministrations he appreciated. 

The stricken men showed a wonderful spirit. It was 
really touching at times. Usually a sergeant was placed in 
charge of each billet and given a certain number of men to 
care for the sick men. They could "do little except cheer up 
the afflicted ones and keep the billets warm, dry and clean. 
That was, in fact, about all the treatment that could be pre- 
scribed — warmth, quiet and cheerfulness. In some cases the 
buildings occupied were cold and damp, as is the case with all 
the buildings over there erected centuries ago, with poor ven- 
tilation. Where possible the patients were moved to better 
quarters. 

About the time the epidemic had subsided perceptibly the 
well men were loaded into trucks and transferred to Randan, 
carrying their personal equipment. Pup-tents were pitched 
here, dug-outs, gun emplacements and ammunition shelters. 
etc., constructed, and a real taste of life at the front afforded. 
Then began the target practice in the mountains with the big 
guns. A large number of big shells were fired by each unit. 
When every man had received a thorough insight into the 
work of a battery in actual position, the batteries shouldered 
their packs and hiked the 24 miles back to their villages. They 
were glad to get back, too, as extended life in pup-tents in 
chill weather is not the most desirable form of existence. 

News of Defeats Heard 

Meanwhile news came filtering down from the front about 
the discomfiture of the proud Huns, how they were falling 
back and falling back, unable to stand before the pressure of 
the victorious Allies and Americans. Rumors, also, came of 
peace talk. At last, in fact, Germany stood alone, left to 
fight out the bloody war she had hersilf started. It became 
evident to the 337th that if it was to sec actual warfare in 
the front line, it was time to be moving up. Would the war 
last another winter? That was the question. 

Among many of the officers, especially those who had en- 
tered the first officers' training camps at the first sign of a 



History of the 337th F. A. Regt. 



73 




Top — U. S. S. Sierra leaving Bassens Docks, (Bordeaux) Jan. 8, 1919, for New 
York. Center — U. S. S. Sierra in war camouflage. Below — The longed-for moment. 
Sighting "The Old Girl," from the Sierra. "She will have to 'about face' if she ever 
sees my face again." 



74 



History of the 337th F. A. Regt. 



demand for enlistments in May, 1917, the anxiety became 
acute lest they should after all be cheated out of a real part 
in the war and not even see what it was like. These men 
had offered themselves early in the game with the hope and 
expectation of seeing action early. Some of the 337th did 
reach the front, by being put in charge of convoys. Among 
the officers who thus got a taste of the "real thing" were 
Lieuts. D. G. Miller, Miles McNally and A. G. Bainbridge, Jr. 
Capt. Eugene S. Bibb, regimental adjutant, happened to be 
within reaching distance of the front at the last, also, and he 
ran the risk of stretching regulations by going forward to 
where he could see what was going on. 

The news that the war was over was generally received in 
the Regiment with considerable satisfaction, despite the lost op- 
portunity. It meant an end to billet life and it meant, best 
of all, going home. And now that there was no further need 
of soldiers, that is precisely what they all wanted to do, and 
as quickly as possible. 

The 163d Brig, was not to remain long in France after 
the signing of the armistice. The 337th Regt. left its three 
villages near Clermont-Ferrand Dec. 1, 1918, three weeks after 
the armistice was signed, and the next day arrived in billets 
near Bordeaux, the embarkation port. But it was not a mat- 
ter of stepping immediately aboard a vessel and setting sail 
for America. No, indeed. There was a tremendous amount 
of "paper work" to be prepared, equipment to be turned in, 
records to be completed, etc., and there were examinations and 
— the delouser ! That was the finish, as it also has been the 
"finish" of some of the nicely pressed and well-fitting uni- 
forms that the men turned in. 

Many of the 337th will never forget Christmas eve of 
1918, and they will be telling their grandchildren how Santa 
Claus would have found them all "stripped to the buff" in a 
room of the delouser waiting for a supply of clothes to come. 
The men had started at one end of the series of runways, 
compartments and doors that usually form a "delouser." They 
went in with full but old equipment, passed a line of clerks 
who completed their service records. They had already thrown 
down their packs, and now divested themselves of their wear- 
ing apparel on the run — shirts in one pile, blouses in another, 
etc., keeping only the shoes and "dog tag," for which new 
tape was given. 

Then came the bath room, big enough to accommodate 
almost a battery at once under the showers. The men were 
to have continued at once and drawn new clothing, orders 
having been given each man. But there were no clothes, and 
from 2 to 11 P. M., nine hours, hundreds remained in that 
bathroom sans vistage of raiment before they finally trooped 
out to get the "glad rags" in which they were to appear be- 
fore the proud and happy family and best girl at home. 

No sooner had the news of the armistice spread through 
every billet than the rumor factory got busy on the next move 
for the artillery. One had it that the commands would re- 
main in France all winter ; another that they would go into the 
Army of Occupation, and then came an order that because of 
the large number of farmers in the regiments and the need for 
increased crops, with a shortage of hands, they were going to 
be sent home soon so the men could get back to work. This 
immediately brought hopes of spending Christmas at home, 
but this was not to be. 

A number of officers were taken from the brigade before 
it started home and sent to divisions in Germany, and Colonel 
Greene of the 337th was one of these. In a little booklet print- 
ed for a farewell smoker held Jan. 29, 1919, by Battery E, the 
following paragraph appears : 

"We camped for three weeks at a place about ten miles 
from Bordeaux, along the river where we waded in mud to 
our knees waiting for transportation to take us home. Here 
we lost our colonel, who by this time all considered our best 
friend. Uncle Sam decided that he would have to keep him in 
France in the Army of Occupation. One morning we lined 
up and he came and told us that he was going to leave. Be- 
lieve me, the Old Man felt bad. He could hardly talk and the 
tears stood in his eyes." 

The ship which took the 337th back across the sea was the 
U. S. S. Sierra, which sailed at 4 P. M., Jan. 8, 1919, with all 
but Battery F, Supply Co., and Ordnance and Medical Units. 
-E. J. D. L. 



From Bordeaux to Camp Dodge 

On Jan. S, 1919, the Regiment left behind, stranded in the 
mud of Genicart, a lonesome rearguard of 29 officers and 300 
men of Battery F, Supply Co., Ordnance Detachment and 
Medical Corps, and sets its face westward to Bassens and 
beyond that HOME, without so much as a backward glance 
at the unfortunates thus deserted. This was the first time 
that the Regiment had split, and those remaining behind (the 
writer being one of them and thus qualified to speak) regret- 
ted the necessity thereof — and at that regretted it more than 
those who went on ahead. 

However, the file closers in Battery E had scarcely disap- 
peared in the "clouds of dust" when Hix came in with the 
"hot stuff." 

"The rearguard will embark on the following morning on 
the Rochambeau. This is a nice boat — will beat the Sierra 
home. Lots of pretty Red Cross girls, real American Bar, 
etc., ad infinitum." It was another case of turning the dark 
clouds inside out. 

But it was not the next day or the next that the adieus 
were said. After numerous delays, entailing countless trips 
to the docks to get the "dope" Jan. 9 dawned fair and bright, 
and with the dawn came the long-looked-for billet doux from 
"Spike" Hennesey (you know why they call him "Spike") 
which sent the detachment to the docks. As it embarked it 
was as follows: Major R. Redfield, in command; Capt. M. 
S. Robb, detachment adjutant; Capt. William Stimple, Supply 
Co. ; Supply Company, 83 men ; Capt. Walter J. Kennedy, 
Battery F; 1st Lt. William L. Hixon ; Battery F, 182 men ; 
1st Lt. John Himes, Ordnance; Ordnance Detachment, 18 
men; 1st Lt. Frederick M. Phillips, Medical Corps, and Med- 
ical Detachment, 21 men. 

The Rochambeau of the Compagnie Transatlantique 
(French Line), of submarine fame, testimonials of which she 
carried proudly in her Salon de Conversation — sailed on that 
memorable 9th of January, 1919, with her passenger list com- 
posed of one-third French "civies," one-third Salvation Army, 
K. C., Red Cross, and Y. M. C. A., and the balance troops. 
It is scarcely necessary to state that the troops were the bot- 
tom layer of a cake of which the non-combatants were the 
upper layer and the French civies the frosting. 

Coal Bunkers Run Low 

For the first few days out, all went well and then "she 
blew" — and fewer answered mess call. Some who did remem- 
bered the warning and advice of friend Hoover and refrained 
from wasteful tactics in the food line. Then the boilers struck 
and walked out one by one and the "Log" slumbered. Vague 
whispers of doubt circulated through the cabins and it was 
even reported that the captain of the ship spent one whole 
night on the bridge without his "dago red." Then came a cut 
in rations and the horrible truth became known — the old tub's 
engines were on the blink and the bunkers were running low. 
A hasty consultation by all the ship's amateur navigators, in 
which reference was made to the posted runs, determined that 
she was in "the middle." 

All this time the wind was rising as were, incidentally, 
the waves. The skipper decided in French that "any old port 
in a storm" contained a good deal of truth, and he laid the 
Good Ship Rochambeau on a course for the Azores. 

All the while, in rising winds and rolling breakers, "Maj" 
made a turn of the ship every morning, from stem to stern. 
Military duties must be attended to regardless of the most 
charming workers in Red Cross uniform. 

In nine hours from the change of course, a miracle was 
performed way down deep where they shovel in the coal. The 
passengers said the "Chinese admiral" did it. The chief engi- 
neer denied his handiwork and took the credit himself 
through a bulletin which he kindly translated for the benefit of 
the Yanks. But be that as it may, she began hitting on all 
six, and started west, while up in the cabin the clans gather- 
ed at the bar. 

Coal had run low and it was impossible to make New 
York and the skipper laid for Halifax for more, but even Hali- 
fax is west of the "middle." 

On Jan. 20 the sun came up over the white hills of Nova 
Scotia. Real houses again, and officials coming in over the 
side spoke American, and knew how to say yes. Only dear 



History of the 337th F. A. Regt. 



75 



old Daddy Stimp stuck to his "Wee." All that day and the 
next coal came in over one side and grub in the other, and 
a few favored ones got ashore to see Chas. Chaplin. 

From Halifax the trip down the coast was accomplished 
without incident except for the stop at Martha's Vineyard 
for grapes and at Cape Cod for Friday's Mess. 

Just at sunset, Jan. 24th, the Rochambeau sighted New 
York — just three lights, a big one in the middle, the light we'd 
been dreaming of awake and asleep, that of the old girl that 
stands in the harbor to welcome travelers home. Every one 
on board ship had the same thought as was so aptly expressed 
by a doughboy: "If she wants to see me again, she'll have to 
do an about face." Thus ended the voyage of the Roch- 
ambeau. 



From Hoboken the detachment proceeded officially to 
Camp Merrit, N. J., (unofficially to Broadway) to wait for 
Brother McAdoo to round up the necessary "8 Chevaux, 40 
Hommes" to make the rest of the trip. 

A week later, Des Moines and Camp Dodge. Freeman 
and Brundred were still in town but with red chevrons, and 
they acted as interpreters. The regiment, for whom we were 
a tardy rear guard, were CIVIES again. 

Casual Detach. No. 55, as the detachment was christened 
on its arrival at Dodge, was mustered out of the service Feb. 
5, 1919, all members receiving honorable discharges with the 
exception of Captain Stimple, who remained in the regular 
service. — Contributed. 



(See Appendix for Roster 337th F. A.) 

On the Artillery Range at Randanne 




(Upper left) — Capt. C. A. Lyman, D Bty. ; (upper right) — Camp of 2d Bn., 337th 
F. A.; (under camp) — Capt. Lyman and one of his guns; (next below) Amm. Sgt. 
Lindbom at ammunition dugout; (left center) — Capt. A. C. Potter, Bty. C, and 
Lt. Metcalf; (lower left)— ammunition shelter back of guns in position; (lower 
right) — Sergts. Lawrence and Blomberg; (center miniature) — Sergts. MacMurdo and 
McCarty. 



History of the 339th F. A. Regt. 



To give a faithful account of all the details in the history 
of the 339th Regiment of Field Artillery (Heavy) would he to 
rehearse needlessly much of what appears on the preceding 
pages. In common with the rest of the Division, the 339th had 
the same tedious, disappointing experience at Camp Dodge. 
Along with the other oufits, it was one of the *'goat" organiza- 
tions of the National Army, doomed to act for nearly a year 
as a school for rookies to he sent to France and the front. 

Not long before this was written, the subject of these 
transfers of men was up for discussion and criticism before 
members of Congress. The criticism was made that when 
orders were received to deplete organizations and send mem- 
bers away, it was the practice of commanding officers to re- 
tain their most proficient personnel and get rid of those who 
were net yet well trained. 

If this practice was a matter for criticism, the officers of 
the 88th Div. must plead guilty to having offended, for that 
certainly was the deliberate plan. Tf the astute members of 
Congress could have been present in those days, and witnessed 
the chagrin of battery, battalion, regimental, brigade and divi- 
sion officers when their reward for hard work whipping the 
raw men into shape, was an order, not to lead those men 
abroad, as they hoped, but to send them away for some other 
officers to take abroad, they would not have blamed them for 
hanging on to the best fruits of their labor and allowing other 
officers to train up their own personnel. That plan may not 
have worked out to the efficiency of the army as a whole, but 
it might have been divined that such would be the inevitable 
course that would be followed. 

In all the divisions that made such glorious history for 
America on the battlefields of France were men who received 
their first training at the hands of Camp Dodge officers. So 
a history of the 88th Div. should not stop with the activities 
of a year at Camp Dodge and a few months in France, but 
of a right should include almost the whole history of the A. 
E. F. 

The 339th as it returned from France knew but little of 
the early hardships of the charter members at Camp Dodge, 
when the "regimental" area was in the neighborhood of 
Seventh to Eleventh Streets, and the artillery played with toy 
contrivances made out of boards for guns and caissons. For 
the cantonment was only in the beginning of its growth then, 
and it was some weeks before the Regiment moved out on 
Lincoln avenue in the 30's at the north end of the camp. 

Those early days were "tough" compared with the later 
ones that most of the organization knew. No sidewalks, no 
water, open trenches everywhere, dust or mud, transportation 
to Des Moines abominable, and the roads torn up from heavy 
traffic. Winter was over, in fact, before the Iowans completed 
paved roads to the nearest town, and busses and other vehicles 
could start the journey with some assurance of being able to 
finish it. 

Just before the advance and school parties started for 
France July 25, 1918, the Regiment went on a hike and re- 
mained several days at Camp Vestal near Madrid, la., on the 
Des Moines River. The site was named for Col. Samuel C. 
Vestal, commander of the Regiment. 

The great day came at last when the Regiment proper 
-tarted to move eastward on the first leg of the journey to 
France: Headquarters Co. and Battery C were the vanguard 
and left Camp Dodge Monday, Aug. 12, 1918, for Camp Mills, 
L. I. The rest of the Regiment turned out en masse and gave 
them a rousing send-off. One of the Iowa wind and dust 
storms, which made life at Camp Dodge such a trial at times, 
was in progress at the time, but no one minded in the excite- 
ment of departure. 

Barracks were scrubbed, bed-sacks emptied and every- 
thing that could not be taken to France was sent home or 
burned before the organizations left. The next day, after a 
night in pup tents, another detachment filled 13 Pullmans and 



was off, also. This method of travel was quite different from 
the kind the men were to experience in a short time abroad. 

Men Get Overseas Outfits 

At Camp Mills the men received their overseas outfits — 
all new clothing, trading their campaign hats for trench caps 
and canvas leggins for spirals. The Pacific Mail Steamship 
Empress of Britain received the 339th men on August 23. 
The men had a good opportunity at this time to gaze on the 
wonders of Gotham and at the shipping in the river and har- 
bor. Among the great vessels that could be seen were the 
Leviathan (once the Vaterland). which had carried the School 
Detachment across, and the Mauretania, both fantastically 
camouflaged. 

A fleet of ships lav waiting for the Empress of Britain as 
tugs pulled her out of her slip and sent her out into the harbor, 
and these fell in behind. With the U. S. S. South Dakota 
leading the way and a dirigible balloon, airplanes, tiny sub- 
marine chasers and destroyers hovering about, the convoy 
started out to run the gauntlet of the submarine infested deeps. 

Although that day of stepping aboard the gangplank is 
not yet far in the past it is already difficult to recall the agi- 
tations and emotions of the moment. For many thousands it 
was quitting the home land forever, and for all it was em- 
barking upon a great advanture. Did thoughts of these things 
surge through the mind? Not if the faces were any indica- 
tion of what was passing through the brain. It was a notable 
fact that there was less visible emotion about going aboard- 
ship than in boarding a train for a trip to town on pass. There 
was much more excitement about going on a visit to New 
York than on setting out on this voyage across the ocean. 
The latter was still nothing but duty and routine. 

The only time the departing soldiers felt anything like a 
real thrill was when the shores of "God's Country" began to 
show signs of receding and when the Statue of Liberty was 
passed by, holding a hand aloft in benediction. 

As a matter of fact, the transition from Camp Dodge to 
the ocean had been so gradual, and so much merely a continu- 
ation of duty that the strangeness and comport of it was prac- 
tically lost. The men were in another life, moving with an 
inexorable flood that they knew it was futile to stem or com- 
bat even had they wished. 

Destroyers Fire at Ships 

It was a calm and uneventful voyage, compared with what 
it might have been had the convoy had less protection. There 
were the usual severe regulations, the drills, life belts, etc. 
When passing vessels were met (which was only on two or 
three occasions) destroyers would get busy immediately and 
after a shot, the traveler on the high seas would have to 
prove its identity. 

A fleet of British destroyers met the convoy about three 
days from the Irish coast, to guide and protect the troop ships 
in. One night considerable firing was heard to the stern, but 
the men never found out what it was for. Something had 
attracted the British destroyers and they went racing to the 
spot and began a bombardment. 

The men were intensely interested in their view of Ire- 
land and Scotland from a distance, as the course of the con- 
voy lay to the north of Ireland. It went over the spot where 
the ill-fated Tuscania was struck. Presently the transports 
made a final spurt for the mouth of the Mersey River and the 
docks at Liverpool, late on the night of Sept. 4, 1918. The 
next morning the men debarked and marched through lanes 
of welcoming crowds to Knotty Ash "rest camp." This place 
was surrounded by a 4-foot wall, designed as much to keep 
certain characters out as to keep the soldiers in. Many men 
succeeded by various methods to scale the fence and get out 



History of the 339th F. A. Regt. 



77 




L'Auvergne Country Scenes, France. 



78 



History of the 339th F. A. Regt. 



by running the guard, but one night about 250 were caught 
getting back in again. 

Sunday morning, Sept. 8, brought the men a little diver- 
sion in the shape of a considerable wind storm, which leveled 
many tents, a mess tent included, and wet things down con- 
siderably. The men did not relish the food here greatly, so 
were keen for the departure which took place in a few days. 
The Knotty Ash station bordered the camp so it was only a 
short march to the train. The Americans were greatly inter- 
ested in the rolling stock of the English railroads with the 
pilotless locomotives and covered drive wheels. It was also 
the men's introduction to the European passenger coaches made 
up of sections without aisles, eight men riding in each section 
four facing each other. 

As the soldiers stepped aboard they were handed a mes- 
sage of greeting from the King of England. The sun had 
come out brightly that morning for the first time for several 
days and the trip across England to Southampton proved most 
delightful. England's park-like countryside was a constant 
pleasure and the people along the way displayed not only a 
lively interest but gave every sign of welcome and good will. 
After a stop at Derby to give the men an opportunity to 
stretch themselves and to receive hot coffee, buns and fruit- 
cake from the Red Cross, the journey ended that evening and 
the men marched to another rest camp where they remained 
about two days. The U. S. S. St. Charles, formerly in the 
coastwise New York-Boston service under the name of Har- 
vard (so the men were told) was the boat to convey the bulk 
of the Regiment across the English Channel to Le Havre on 
the night of Sept. 13. 

New Set of Emotions 

Here was another opportunity for experiencing a new set 
of emotions in a land of strange tongue where the world's 
greatest tragedy was in progress, and while the men found 
constant delight in everything they saw and heard, the demands 
of military duties precluded emotions that otherwise might 
have pulsed through their active and curious minds. Here 
also the juvenile question "gimme a penny?" gave way to 
"avez-vous un pennie-e?" and "Souvenir? Souvenir?" By 
this time all the odd pennies were well-nigh exhausted. The 
tiny supplicants were too much for the Yankee boys, especially 
as some blackeyed, pretty-lipped vixen would nestle her little 
hand into his and march beside him. 

Rest Camp No. 1 (at the top of a hill, of course) was the 
home of the organization for a night at Le Havre and most 
of the men here received hot baths and clean clothes. That 
night came the introduction to "40 Hommes, 8 Chevaux" in 
which the men slept or rested by turns for three days and 
two nights, passing near Versailles, adjoining Paris. Paris 
had been under occasional air bombardment since early in the 
war and this was the nearest the organization as a whole was 
to come to being within range of enemy fire. 

Detraining at Le Martres de Veyre the Regiment marched 
a few miles to three villages in Puy de Dome department 
and were distributed among billets, another new experience 
for American troops. As explained in a former chapter the 
French public is obliged to harbor or provide shelter for 
soldiers for which the Government pays 5 centimes (one 
cent American) per soldier per day where roof is provided, 
20 centimes per night per noncom provided with a room and 
certain other accommodations, and one fane (about 20 cents) 
per officer provided with a room, bed and covering. These 
are the approximate rates which the United States Army 
paid the French civilians for quartering our troops abroad. 

Barns and old, stone, fort-like buildings with stone, earth 
or concrete floors, always cold and more or less damp, pro- 
vided the billets until the men had an opportunity of improving 
their condition. Intensive training was taken up at once and 
the men plunged into the work of fitting themselves for duty 
at the front. Meanwhile, however, they found time to observe 
the strange customs and to become acquainted with the kindly 
peasant people. While the men were surprised at the primi- 
tive farming methods, compared with American ways, they 
admired the splendid roads that ran everywhere and were 
pleased at the attitude of the population. 

Training included frequent night maneuvers which con- 
sisted of being routed out at unusual and unexpected hours of 



the night, rolling a pack, marching away to pitch pup tents 
somewhere and spending the rest of the night. This contin- 
ued until the 339th along with the 337th received its equipment 
of 155-mm G. P. F. motorized guns and a number of tractors, 
when training took on a different nature. The course was 
seriously interfered with by a sudden sweep of the epidemic 
of Spanish influenza which struck the Regiment in October. 
Nearly everyone was taken down and the medical staff was 
put to its utmost to care for the patients. 

Hospital facilities were limited to a degree. At Saint 
Amant-Tallende high on the bank of swift mountain rushet 
of ice-cold water, stood an old chateau used by the 2d Bat- 
talion for billets. It was built almost entirely of stone and 
tile, cold and damp, and had been closed for several years. 
While the battalion had made the place more habitable by let- 
ting in more sun and air, it was still far from being a desirable 
human abode, but it was the best that could be done. It was 
turned into the regimental hospital and sick soldiers from 
Veyre Monton, where the 1st Bn. and Regt. Hq. were, and St. 
Saturnin, 3d Battalion, were brought there for treatment. 
Each day the covered ambulance from Clermont-Ferrand drew 
up at the back entrance of the chateau and took away the 
bodies of those who had died during the night. This con- 
tinued for weeks, but finally the worst was over. The Regi- 
ment was able to take up actual firing of guns on the range 
and part of it was so engaged when the armistice was signed. 

Saint Amant Cleaned Up 

The 2d Battalion left Saint Amant a much cleaner town 
than it probably ever had been before, as was the case with all 
towns occupied by American troops. The men plied shovel 
and broom persistently day after day, hauling it away in an 
ox-cart sans oxen, and this gave rise to the famous appellation, 
"Honey Wagon Detail." 

There was not a small amount of genuine regret on the 
part of soldiers and local population when finally the Ameri- 
can soldiers shouldered their packs again and left the Cler- 
mont-Ferrand area Dec. 1, 1918, for Bordeaux. Twenty miles 
of riding "a la side-door Pullman" through the mountains 
brought the trains into lower country. Billets were occupied 
in the villages surrounding Genicart, a few miles out of Bor- 
deaux, with Regimental Hq. at Montussan, the 1st Bn. scatter- 
ed in buildings of the village, the 2d Bn. at Yvrac, and the 3d 
Bn. in a chateau in the Yvrac area. 

At Christmas time parties were given for the French 
children by the American troops. 

During this period the Regiment also went through the 
"mill" from which the men emerged thoroughly cleansed, com- 
pletely re-equipped except for shoes and "dog tags," and they 
were supposed to have parted company with the most affec- 
tionate cootie. Attempts at foot ball games were held but in 
the lakes of mud they were more like water polo. 

The 1st Battalion was the first to start for the United 
States, followed a week later by the 3d Battalion, leaving the 
2d Battalion behind. But none of the battalions crossed the 
water intact; in fact, the' regiment was now broken up and 
detachments put on board half a dozen different ships, 
among them the Rochambeau, on which Colonel Burdick 
sailed and experienced the rough voyage described elsewhere ; 
the Lorraine, also of the French line; the Zacapa, on which 
Lieut. Edward S. Decker of Minneapolis, "brought" over 18 
officers in 18 days while E battery and parts of Headquarters 
and other units were rushed across France to Marseilles and 
put aboard the Duke de Costa. Captin Maul was battalion 
commander of the group that sailed Jan. 23 on the Siboney. 
The men of the 2d Battalion feared for a time that they had 
been forgotten, when suddenly fatigue details were called in 
and they had five hours in which to pack. At 5 P. M. Jan. 22, 
the Battalion marched out of Genicart to Bassen's Dock and 
aboard the U. S. S. Siboney. At 10 o'clock the next morning 
the ship began to move and late that afternoon passed out of 
the river into the Bay of Biscay. 

An enjoyable voyage ensued during which a ship's paper, 
the "Siboney Signal" served to enliven the days' routine. Two 
days out of New York the Adriatic was passed a vessel which 
was in the convoy in which the men had crossed the ocean 
nearly five months earlier. Life belts had to be worn on this 
voyage the same as during hostilities. 

The Statue of Liberty was a joyful sight for the hungry 



History of the 339th F. A. Regt. 



79 




(Top, left to right) — Sergts. Sheil, White, Monroe, Robinson, Rector, Elkins, 
Anderson, Pryor, Igou, Webber, (?), Giissman, Grossman of Bty. F, 339th F. A.; 
(center circle) — Mech. E. Burkey, Corp. D. Burkey; (left center) — McClelland, 
Corps. Hoffman and Forgey, Sgt. White; (right center) — Anderson, Segal; (below) — 
Barracks of Batteries E and F at Genicart, Bordeaux, Dec, 1918 — Jan., 1919. 



80 



History of the 339th F. A. Regt. 




Top — The last Move, St. Saturnin, Nov. 20, 1918, Sgt. Grossman at left, Corp. 
Round on truck; left center — Sgt. Anderson in full gear; right center — enroute in 
France (40 Hommes, 8 chevaux car), Statue of Liberty from La Lorraine on return, 
and 3d Bn. Gun Park at St. Saturnin; below — Home of M. Maynard, American troops - 
billet. 



History of the 339th F. A. Regt. 



81 



eyes of the returning soldiers when at last they beheld its noble 
contour signaling in the distance. As the soldiers filed from 
the ship the women of the Red Cross were again on hand 
with sure-enough coffee with sugar and cream in it, also with 
cookies and raisin buns and candy, cake, gum, ice-cream and 
cigarettes. 

"I could eat a bucket of Long Island dirt, it looks so 
good to me," said one fellow. 

Camp Mills was an entirely different place to these men 
from what it was the previous August. It had changed from 
a tent city to a camp of clean, well heated barracks. Here 
the 339th F. A. Detachment was split up the following day, 
Feb. S, and the men sent with other casual detachments to the 
camos nearest their homes for discharge. A large contingent 
went to the gaunt, soulless, vacantly staring buildings of de- 
serted Camp Dodge. Other large contingents went to Camp 
Dix, Merritt, Upton and Funston. By Feb. 12 preparation for 
discharge was complete and the 339th F. A. had passed out 
of existence. 

Battery Histories Written 

At least two 339th Regt. batteries have published brief 
histories in pamphlet form which are valuable souvenirs for 
their members. They are Batteries D and F. The main story 
of the latter was written by Sgt. Daniel H. Monical, a news- 
paper man of Poplar Bluff, Mo. His story is so applicable 
to all units that "went across" in its descriptions, that ex- 
tracts would be of general interest here. He tells how his 
organization was made up of "men with college educations 
and degrees, men of almost every profession and trade," and 
continues : 

"There was no glamor, pomp or saber rattling military 
spirit among the men who gathered to form the great 88th 
Div. of the A. E. F. It was a grim acceptance of the bloody 
challenge by Prussianism to the spirit of Western Democracy. 

"As we took those 12 to 14-mile hikes in heavy marching 
order over sun-baked roads and fields of Iowa we had rea- 
son to think of better and easier days. From morning till 
noon and then till chow again we were hammered into right 
good fighting men, but with a bad case of homesickness and a 
blister on your heel about the size of a hen's egg We some- 
times wondered whether we would ever live long enough to 
get a whack at the kaiser. Then at last came the news one 
evening that we would go on a long hike the next day. Just 
to be good and ready a lot of Batt. F. boys rolled their packs 
that night and it is a safe guess that there were only a few 
heavy sleepers that night. On the morning of Aug. 13 (note 
that date) we set out for the train that was to bear us east- 
ward. There were 13 coaches in that train and the writer had 
Berth No. 13. Overland we started and here let us pause to 
pay our tribute to the Red. Cross. Three days of travel 
brought us to Camp Mills, N. Y., where we were issued over- 
seas equipment. 

"It was the morning of Aug. 23 that we were called from 
sleep about 2 A. M. We fell into line and were issued ra- 
tions and then marched to the train. That was a never-to-be- 
forgotten morning. It was just at the break of day that a 
little old ferry boat steamed across Hudson River, splitting a 
low heavy fog that hung like a pall over the City of New 
York. Were we happy? Yes, but there was something that 
came up now and then in our throats. We went aboard the 
good ship Empress of Britain, a big English vessel, and waited 
until about 10 o'clock the next forenoon. But those few 
hours seemed like weeks to us. At last the ropes were loosed 
and with a long blast of the whistle the mighty screws of the 
floating palace began churning the water and we headed for 
the open sea. The band played 'Goodby Broadway, Hello 
France.' On the shore hundreds waved farewell and tears 
were no uncommon sight. About 6,000 men were aboard that 
ship and we took our place in the convoy of 13 ships (note 
that number). On this trip was where we got our first taste 
of hell. We were served with the worst food, it seemed to 
us, that was ever given to human beings. Then besides there 
were other bad conditions that made the trip awful. Packed 
like sardines we could hardly find room to get a full breath. 
You would scarcely get settled down on deck before someone 
told you you couldn't stay there. You moved only to be told 
the same thing. After dark no smoking. Oh, Boy! Nothin' 



to do but sit and think. Some of the boys found a bathtub 
and it was a quarrel every night as to who was going to sleep 
in the tub. We frequently went to sleep standing up some- 
where on the decks. We saw no submarines from our ship 
but one of the ships fired five times at one. 

See Land on 13th Day 

"On the 13th day after sailing, we again sighted land. I 
suppose it was just common old hills and hollows but it cer- 
tainly did look good to us. On Sept. 5 we marched down the 
gang plank at Liverpool. We paraded through the streets 
and then marched five miles to a rest camp. There we were 
to rest and we did, but it was only our stomachs that came in 
for this part of the program. 

"We arrived at Southampton. The people of that city 
showed great appreciation of our presence. On the 13th we 
boarded the Harvard, an American ship that formerly ran out 
of San Francisco, and on the morning of the 14th steamed 
into the port of LeHavre, France. France at last, and we 
began to feel ourselves slipping. Everybody was in uniform, 
everything had the appearance of war and we realized we 
were getting closer to the circus. 

"From LeHavre we marched to a British rest camp on 
the high hills back of town. We remained there three days 
and then went back to the city and boarded a train. And 
those cars — Homines 40, Chevaux 8. We jolted and jogged 
along for three days going we knew not where, with rations 
and packs, and crowded until you were as likely to put a chew 
of tobacco in the other fellow's mouth as you were your own. 

"On Sept. 18 we passed through the outskirts of Paris and 
saw from the train a building with its roof gone, blown away 
by the Big Berthas that bombarded Paris. On the 20th we 
were set down in a typical French village up in the moun- 
tains, where we took up artillery training with the French 6- 
inch guns, otherwise known as the 155mm. It was there the 
men learned to 'parlez-vous francais 'with the beautiful 'pe- 
tite' mademoiselles as well as making a speaking acquaintance 
with the French generals Vin Blanc and Vin Rouge. 

"One of the first shocks of the war, of an aesthetic na- 
ture, was received at this village. American boys could not 
understand the necessity of the barn, house, stable and all be- 
ing in such close proximity. Work animals, milch cows and 
human beings lived very close together. Plows drawn by 
oxen or a horse and ox was another thing that we marveled at. 

"A vigorous course of training was the program. The 
fine appearance, soldierly bearing and excellent work of our 
brigade soon won for it an enviable reputation. After the 
strenuous days of drilling and hiking over the hills and sides 
of mountains and with lots of fun with our little pet, the gas 
mask, which we all loved so dearly, and with a scramble to 
get enough rations to us up there in the mountains, we were 
ready for anything. 

"It was about this time the Spanish influenza struck our 
battery and for days there were scarcely enough men on their 
feet to do guard duty. When it released its fangs of death, 
13 of our noble boys had 'gone West.' 

"After the epidemic had passed we gathered ourselves to- 
gether and began to make ready for the trenches. We moved 
to another ground nine miles away and began range firing. 
This was the last lesson before going on a hunt for the Boche. 
But the fates intervened and it was here that we received 
word that the Armistice had been signed. After all this train- 
ing and waiting we had to about face and begin another 
kind of waiting. This time it was waiting to return to the 
dear old U. S. A. 

Joy Is Unconfined 

"There was joy unconfined when on the 30th of Novem- 
ber, 1918, we left the little old French village and began our 
journey homeward. We pulled up at Bordeaux where we un- 
packed Dec. 1. There we remained doing hikes and guard 
duty and other forms of pastime in the rain and mud and 
slush. 

"The day before Christmas we were called up to take our 
cootie examination and get ready to sail on Christmas Day. 
but something happened, we never knew what, and the orders 
came, 'As you were.' Oh, the mud, and the slush, and the 



82 



History of the 339th F. A. Regt. 



rain, and the work and the gloom of those waiting days ! But 
back of all this misery there was the American gibe and smile. 
Battery F boys worked and hiked and smiled right through this 
last disappointment. Certainly this last experience caused ev- 
ery man of the Battery to have a more wholesome respect for 
his brother in arms. We learned to know each other." 

Capt. Donald K. Hudson of Battery F, has a foreword in 
his company pamphlet which could be repeated as a parting 
word to their men from every officer in the Regiment. "I 
think that the thought we will cherish in years to come," he 
says, "is the fact that we all took part in an event that is un- 
questionably the greatest event in hisory. Even while we were 
in France it was hard to realize what a large undertaking we 
were taking part in. We were only a cog in the wheel of a 
big machine. Of course, we did not see any real fighting, and 
sometimes we thought we were lost and forgotten in the little 
mountains of Southern France, but had the war lasted there 
is no telling how important that little cog might have been 
some day. 



"We were all disappointed of course because we did not 
get a chance to use our guns against the 'Boche.' To some 
of us at least who had been preparing for years for that op- 
portunity, it was a most bitter disappointment. However, we 
were doing only what we could ; we were doing what our or- 
ders told us to do, and if we did it as well as we could, we 
were doing all that was expected of us." 

With the departure of the 339th (and 337th) Regiments 
from Clermont-Ferrand "Am. P. O. No. 723" came to an 
end, in the "O. & T. C, T. A. No. 3." This was the artillery 
postal number and the name of the military region. Trans- 
lated, it means "Organization and Training Center, Tractor 
Artillery No. 3." 

This book is indebted to Captain Hudson and Sergeant 
Monical of Battery F, and to Captain Earl C. Maul of Battery 
D, for some of the pictures used, taken from their respective 
battery books. 



(See Appendix for partial Roster of 339th F. A.) 



History of the 339th F. A. Regt. 



83 




Scenes on wav home aboard La Lorraine; (left center) — Sgts. Igou and Gross- 
man Bty. D. 339th F. A., and French cook; (right center) — crowds on pier, arrival 
at New York. 



PART 5 

"Finit La Guerre" 



The armistice terms of the Allies were signed by the 
German envoys at Senlis at 5 A. M. (French time; midnight, 
Washington time), Nov. 11, 1918, to take effect at 11 A. M. 
that day. Senlis is the city north of Paris where the Germans 
during their triumphant advance in 1914 shot the mayor and 
buried him head down in his grave with the feet sticking 
above ground. The terms were first delivered to the Germans 
in a railway coach near the village of Rothendes Nov. 8 and 
a reply was demanded within 72 hours. The Germans started 
on the historic journey to receive these terms under flag of 
truce at 5 P. M., Nov. 7 and, following the Fourmio-la-Cha- 
pelle-Guise road reached the French advance posts at 9 :30. 
They were stopped by a French poilu and eventually the 
several automobiles were admitted through the French lines. 
Those in the party were General von Gundell, General von 
Winterfeldt, Matthias Erzberger and Count Obendorff, and 
they spent the night at Francfort castle. Marshal Foch, Ad- 
miral Wemyss (British), General Weygand (French) and an 
American officer received them in the headquarters private car. 
The Germans received the terms, then departed to obtain in- 
structions. 

In the United States a premature peace celebration was 
held Nov. 7. An American news agency cabled an erroneous 
dispatch announcing an armistice and it was published all over 
the country: 

Fighting went on uninterruptedly, however, and on Nov. 
11 the A. E. F. had 2,912 casualties, of whom 268 were killed 
The 92d (colored) Div., which lay between the 88th Div. and 
the front line that day, had 109 men gassed, more than the 
combined cases of gassing among all other American divisions 
that morning. The white flag that preceded the German 
envoys when they approached the French lines at La Chapelle 
Nov. 7 cut up into small squares in November, 1919, accord- 
ing to news dispatches, one to be presented to each of the 
Allies by order of the French government. The first piece 
was presented to Belgium. 

The Allies' armistice commission which met for several 
months at Spa held its sessions in the villa which had been 
used by General Ludendorff as headquarters. 

Without promp or gloating fanfare the peace terms were 
turned over to the German delegates at Versailles Wednesday, 
May 7, 1919, the fourth anniversary of the sinking of the 
Lusitania with the loss of 1,198 lives. The fateful volume 
contained 80,000 words and it spelled the downfall, complete 
and swift, for the "greatest gamble in history," the most tower- 
ing ambition since Rome. The main points contained in the 
peace treaty, which also embodied within it the League of 
Nations, were as follows : 

Disarm Germany. 

Give France Alsace-Lorraine and the Saar coalfields. 
Set up Poland and Tchecho-Slovakia as new States, 
Take all Germany's over-seas possessions. 



Compel her to pay £1,000,000,000 as a first instalment 
of the total bill which will be fixed by 1921, and will 
have to be paid in 30 years. 

Appoint a trial of the ex-Kaiser and the war criminals. 

Establish the Allies' right to ton for ton of the sunk 
ships. 

As a guarantee the Allies will hold the left bank of 
the Rhine for IS years, with arrangements for with- 
drawal earlier if Germany keeps her word. 

Germany would be required to compensate for all levies 
and fines on the populations of occupied territory; annul the 
Brest-Litovsk and other treaties with Russia since the revolu- 
tion ; pay the cost of the Army of Occupation, and among 
other things hand over to Belgium manuscripts, early printed 
books and prints to the equivalent of those destroyed at 
Louvain. The French flags taken during the war of 1870- 
1871 are to be given back to France, the Koran of the Caliph 
Othman, formerly at Medina, to the King of the Hedjaz, and 
the skull of the Sultan Mkwawa, formerly in German East 
Africa, to Great Britain. 

Losses of neutral nations were not given consideration. 
Norway was the heaviest of these, having lost 831 vessels 
sunk, mostly by German submarines, and thousands of per- 
sons aboard also lost. 

President Wilson sailed from New York Dec. 4, 1918, to 
attend the Paris conference and reached Paris Dec. 14. He 
went to England Dec. 26, later also visiting Italy and Belgium. 
The ovations tendered him were remarkable. Mr. Wilson 
sailed for home from Brest Feb. 15, 1919, after the formation 
of the League plan. He returned to Paris for the long-drawn- 
out session at which the treaty with Germany was agreed on. 
It was an unpropitious time for presenting such a matter in 
a nation with party government as prevails in the United 
States, however. A presidential election was due the follow- 
ing year (1920) and the political leaders, dormant during the 
war, suddenly came into their own. Whatever may be said 
of the League of Nations pact as agreed on at Paris and 
brought home by Mr. Wilson for the Senate's approval, it is 
quite certain it would have gone through without murmur, or 
at least with innocuous changes had there been no campaign 
pending. Leaders who stirred up opposition to the Paris con- 
vention and obtained defeat of ratification in the Senate were 
Senators Hiram Johnson, Borah and Lodge. The United 
States is still out of the pact at this writing, thus standing 
alone, and in a great measure by its uncertain attitude thwart- 
ing the influences that might tend to bring quiet to a chaotic, 
unsettled world. 

The treaty of Versailles, as the document was called end- 
ing the war with Germany and establishing the League of 
Nations, was signed in the Hall of Mirrors in historic Ver- 
sailles palace June 28, 1919. 



LA FIN 



Part 6 



Album Section 



MEMBERS 



OF THE 



88IM DIVISION 



PART 5 

"Finit La Guerre" 



The armistice terms of the Allies were signed by the 
German envoys at Senlis at 5 A. M. (French time; midnight, 
Washington time), Nov. 11, 1918, to take effect at 11 A. M. 
that day. Senlis is the city north of Paris where the Germans 
during their triumphant advance in 1914 shot the mayor and 
buried him head down in his grave with the feet sticking 
above ground. The terms were first delivered to the Germans 
in a railway coach near the village of Rothendes Nov. 8 and 
a reply was demanded within 72 hours. The Germans started 
on the historic journey to receive these terms under flag of 
truce at 5 P. M., Nov. 7 and, following the Fourmio-la-Cha- 
pelle-Guise road reached the French advance posts at 9 :30. 
They were stopped by a French poilu and eventually the 
several automobiles were admitted through the French lines. 
Those in the party were General von Gundell, General von 
Winterfeldt, Matthias Erzberger and Count Obendorff, and 
they spent the night at Francfort castle. Marshal Foch, Ad- 
miral Wemyss (British), General Weygand (French) and an 
American officer received them in the headquarters private car. 
The Germans received the terms, then departed to obtain in- 
structions. 

In the United States a premature peace celebration was 
held Nov. 7. An American news agency cabled an erroneous 
dispatch announcing an armistice and it was published all over 
the country; 

Fighting went on uninterruptedly, however, and on Nov. 
11 the A. E. F. had 2,912 casualties, of whom 268 were killed 
The 92d (colored) Div., which lay between the 88th Div. and 
the front line that day, had 109 men gassed, more than the 
combined cases of gassing among all other American divisions 
that morning. The white flag that preceded the German 
envoys when they approached the French lines at La Chapelle 
Nov. 7 cut up into small squares in November, 1919, accord- 
ing to news dispatches, one to be presented to each of the 
Allies by order of the French government. The first piece 
was presented to Belgium. 

The Allies' armistice commission which met for several 
months at Spa held its sessions in the villa which had been 
used by General Ludendorff as headquarters. 

Without promp or gloating fanfare the peace terms were 
turned over to the German delegates at Versailles Wednesday, 
May 7, 1919, the fourth anniversary of the sinking of the 
Lusitania with the loss of 1,198 lives. The fateful volume 
contained 80,000 words and it spelled the downfall, complete 
and swift, for the "greatest gamble in history," the most tower- 
ing ambition since Rome. The main points contained in the 
peace treaty, which also embodied within it the League of 
Nations, were as follows : 

Disarm Germany. 

Give France Alsace-Lorraine and the Saar coalfields. 
Set up Poland and Tchecho-Slovakia as new States. 
Take all Germany's over-seas possessions. 



Compel her to pay £1,000,000,000 as a first instalment 
of the total bill which will be fixed by 1921, and will 
have to lie paid in 30 years. 

Appoint a trial of the ex-Kaiser and the war criminals. 

Establish the Allies' right to ton for ton of the sunk 
ships. 

As a guarantee the Allies will hold the left bank of 
the Rhine for 15 years, with arrangements for with- 
drawal earlier if Germany keeps her word. 

Germany would lie required to compensate for all levies 
and fines on the populations of occupied territory; annul the 
Brest-Litovsk and other treaties with Russia since the revolu- 
tion ; pay the cost of the Army of Occupation, and among 
other things hand over to Belgium manuscripts, early printed 
books and prints to the equivalent of those destroyed at 
Louvain. The French flags taken during the war of 1870- 
1871 are to be given back to France, the Koran of the Caliph 
Othman, formerly at Medina, to the King of the Hedjaz, and 
the skull of the Sultan Mkwawa, formerly in German East 
Africa, to Great Britain. 

Losses of neutral nations were not given consideration. 
Norway was the heaviest of these, having lost 831 vessels 
sunk, mostly by German submarines, and thousands of per- 
sons aboard also lost. 

President Wilson sailed from New York Dec. 4, 1918, to 
attend the Paris conference and reached Paris Dec. 14. He 
went to England Dec. 26, later also visiting Italy and Belgium. 
The ovations tendered him were remarkable. Mr. Wilson 
sailed for home from Brest Feb. 15, 1919, after the formation 
of the League plan. He returned to Paris for the long-drawn- 
out session at which the treaty with Germany was agreed on. 
It was an unpropitious time for presenting such a matter in 
a nation with party government as prevails in the United 
States, however. A presidential election was due the follow- 
ing year (1920) and the political leaders, dormant during the 
war, suddenly came into their own. Whatever may be said 
of the League of Nations pact as agreed on at Paris and 
brought home by Mr. Wilson for the Senate's approval, it is 
quite certain it would have gone through without murmur, or 
at least with innocuous changes had there been no campaign 
pending. Leaders who stirred up opposition to the Paris con- 
vention and obtained defeat of ratification in the Senate were 
Senators Hiram Johnson, Borah and Lodge. The United 
States is still out of the pact at this writing, thus standing 
alone, and in a great measure by its uncertain attitude thwart- 
ing the influences that might tend to bring quiet to a chaotic, 
unsettled world. 

The treaty of Versailles, as the document was called end- 
ing the war with Germany and establishing the League of 
Xalions, was signed in the Hall of Mirrors in historic Ver- 
sailles palace June 28, 1919. 



LA FIN 



Part 6 



Album Section 



MEMBERS 



OF THE 



88™ DIVISION 



IN MEMORIAM 




The Dead Soldier 

Though sweet were life's and friendship's smile, 
I gave my life, my hopes and all — 
The crisis made by gift seem small, 

Great deeds of old, and now, make life worth while. 

Remember me at home sometimes, 

When strange sweet flowers bloom overhead — 
My rest camp's with the silent dead, 

'Neath toll of bells and cheery chimes. 

— G. W. Whitehorn, Spencer, Neb. 



Edward Monroe Elder 
Sgt., Co. B, 313th Supply Train. Fell 
in France. Mother, Mrs. J. M. El- 
der, 1511 Howard Ave., Utica, N. Y. 




1 




Daniel E. Hendricks 
349th Amb. Co., 313th San. Train. 
Died at Hospital in France Oct. 9, 
1918, with a good record as a 
soldier. Mother: Mrs. Ella Hend- 
ricks, 612 Connor ave., Joplin, Mo. 




Charles Henrichsen 
Pvt., Co. B, 349th Inf. Died in 
France, Nov. 21, 1918. Home, 280 
Harrison St., Clinton, la. 




Francis Donnelly . 
Corp., Co. E, 352nd Inf. Born Nov. 
24, 1894, at Alvord, la. Entered 
army May 26, 1918, at Rock Rapids, 
la. Sailed overseas Aug. 26, 1918; 
died Oct. 13, 1918, while in active 
service with A. E. F. "He left his 
home in perfect health. He look- 
ed so young and brave, We little 
thought how soon he'd be Laid in 
a soldier's grave." Mother : Mrs. 
Alvina Donnelly, Alvord, la. 




Martin Sturies 
Co. G, 350lh Inf. Born near Little 
Rock, Lyon Co., la., Sept. 18, 1895 ; 
died at American Hosp., Belfort, 
F ranee; buried in French Military 
Cemetery Des Mobiles, Belfort. 
Went to Camp Dodge June 24, 
1918; sailed from Camp Upton 
overseas Aug. 15, 1918. Mother: 
Mrs. Emma Sturies, R. 4, Spirit 
Lake. la. 




Perle L. Webster 
Pvt., Sniper Sec, Co. E, 351st Inf. 
Died at Gondrecourt, France, Dec. 
5, 1918, of spinal meningitis. Fath- 
er and mother: B. A. and Rosa 
Webster, R. 3, Lancaster, Mo. 




Nels Oscar Stangeland 
Co. H, 349th Inf. Died in France 
Oct. 6, 1918, from illness ; buried 
near Fontaine, Haute-Alsace. His 
captain commended him as a good 
and loyal soldier. Memorial sent 
by Mrs. A. Stangeland, Madison, 
S. D. 




Carl L. I MEL 
Pvt., Co. L, 349th Inf. Died in 
France. Nearest kin : Joseph A. 
Imel. Faulkner, Kans. 



Guard the Jewel 



Oh, keep your armor bright, 
Sons of those mighty dead, 

And guard ye well the right, 

For which such blood was shed ! 

Your starry flag should only wave 

O'er freedom's home, or o'er your 



grave. 
—Mrs. Botta. 




Leo Edgar Clark 
Co. D, 339th Machine Gun Bn. En- 
listed June 24, 1918; died of pneu- 
monia in France Oct. 7, 1918; 
buried at Hericourt. Memorial 
sent by Mrs. Lessie E. Clark, 
Lodgepole, (Stage Line), S. D. 



-■<!&•' 


T. .**^^^B . I H * ■' I *<* - 




1 V I -W 






Chauncie Otis Jenks 
Pvt., Co. L, 352nd Inf. Rock Lake, 
N. D. Born Sept. 3, 1892; entered 
army at Cando, N. D., June 23, 
1918; died in France Dec. 1, 1918, 
of pneumonia, age 26 years; 
buried at Toul, France. Memorial 
sent by Mason Jenks, Williams, 
Minn. 



Glenn E. Walker 
Co. C, 338th Machine Gun Bn. Died 
in France. Mother resides at 1220 
4th Ave E., Hutchinson, Kans. 



For Those We Left Behind 







Capt. E. J. D. Larson (x) addressing French military and civilian gathering at Heri- 
court (Haute Saone) cemetery of 88th Division dead Memorial Day 1919 — (Upper insert) 
Partial view of Heircourt graves — (Lower insert) Memorial piece from officers of 47th 
(French) Artillery Regiment "to their American comrades." 



88 



Artillery 



Artillery 




Samuel C. Vestal 
Colonel, Commanding 339th F. A. 




Donald K. Hudson 
Capt., Battery F, 339th F. A., 2120 
Lake of the Isles Blvd., Minneapo- 
lis, Minn. 




Eugene S. Bibb 
Capt., F. A., Adjt., 337th F. A., 2600 
Colfax Ave. So., Minneapolis, 
Minn. 




C. Arthur Lyman 
Capt., Battery D, 337th F. A., 813 
Lumber Exchange, Minneapolis, 
Minn. 




Arthur C. Potter 
Capt., Battery C, 337th F. A., S. W. 
Cor. 17th and Douglas Sts., Omaha, 
Nebr. 




Walter E. Anthony 
Capt, Med. Detch., 337 F. A., Ot- 
tumwa, la. 




A. G. Bainbridge, Jr. 
Lieut., Hq. Co., 337th P. A., Manager 
Shubert Theater, Minneapolis, 
Minn. 




Earl A. Ballinger 
Lieutenant, 337th F. A., Spring Val- 
ley, Minn. 




John C. Him is 
1st Lieut. 'Ord., 337th F. A., 340 S. 
George St., York, Pa. 



Artillery 



89 




Rf.v. Earl B. Clark 
Lieutenant, >337tH F. A., Chaplain 
Base Hospital, Camp Dodge, la., 
Chaplain 337th F. A. . in France, 
Bushnell, Nebr. 




Roy Osborn 
Hq. Co., 339th F. A., R. 1, Bx. 37, 
Fenton, la. 



313th Ammunition Train 





Wm. H. Dickson 
Sgt., Med. Detch., Hunter, N. D. 



E. W. Nelson 
Corp., Co. B, 1st Sq., R. 1, Welch, 
Minn. 




Nicholas W. Fischer 
Corp., Co. B, 12th Sq., Bx. 82, Sleepy 
Eye, Minn. 




John Engel 
Wag., Co. B, 2d Sq., Bx. 401, Gettys- 
burg, S. D. (Taken in France.) 




Joseph Ronning 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. B, R. 4, Alcester, 
S. D. 






. "^51*** 



Adolph Jilka 
■Pvt. 1st cl., Co. B, R. 2, Bx. 39, Tes- 
cott, Kans. 



90 



313th Ammunition Train 






Charley N. Montgomery 
Co. B, Cedarvale, Kans. 



Frank Swedzinski 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. D, Taunton, Minn. 



Henry O. McColley 
12th Sq., Co. D, R. 1, Niobrara, 
Nebr. 






Frank Becker 
Co. D, Oldham, S. D. 



Earl W. Cogburn 
Sgt., Co. E, Elvaston, 111. 



Jesse L. Flesher 
Pvt. 1st cl., Co. E, Bushyhead, Okla. 






Adolph Magnus 
1st Sq., Co. E, Avoca, Minn. 



James Herman Ward 
Corp., Co. F, Dallas Center, la. 



Earl G. Anderson (Right) 

Pvt.. 1st cl., Co. F, Champion, Nebr. 

(With his buddy, Wm. O'Neil.) 



313th Ammunition Train 



91 






Arthur C. Christenson 
Pvt, 1st cl., 1st Sq., Co. F, Milaca, 
Minn. 



John Novak 
Co. F. R. 1, c/o W. Barton, Syracuse, 

n. y. 



John L. Christofferson 
5th Sq., Co. F, La Moure, N. D. 




Nick Faber 
Co. F, Zell, S. D. 




John H. Larson 
Sgt, Co. G, 3704-lSth Ave. S., Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 




Fred J. Diercks 
Corp., Co. G, 10th Sq., 1129 Logan 
St., Muscatine, la. 




Frank John Severson 
Wag., Co. G, 623-3d St. N., Fargo, N. 
D. (Taken in France.) 



92 



Miscellaneous 



Miscellaneous 






E. C. Mears 
Major, Q. M. C, Hq. Staff, Disburs- 
ing Officer 88th Div., July, 1918 to 
June, 1919, 668 Everett St. Portland, 
Ore. (Taken in France.) 



Harry H. Polk 
Major, 176th Inf. Brig. Hq., 1215 
Hippee Bldg., Des Moines, la. 



Edgar J. D. Larson' 
Capt Inf. Hq., 88th Div., 2720 Fre- 
mont Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn. 




Alva M. Drake 
Captain, Aide de Camp to Gen. R. N. 
Gettv, 175th Inf. Brig.; Instructor 
5th 6. T. C; 2420 Humboldt Ave. 
S., Minneapolis, Minn. 





William E. R. Ehlke 
Corp., 175th Inf. Brig. Theatrical Co., 
care Iowa Homestead, Des Moines, 
la. 



George C. Iekel 
Sgt., 1st cl., Q. M. C, Div. Hq. Detch., 
Finance Branch, Independence, la. 






Eugene V. Hoff 

Sgt., 1st cl., Div. Hq. Detch., Div. Sur- 
geon's Office 709 Hillyer St., Pckin, 
111. 



Anthony C. Kasnek 
I'm.. 1st cl., Div. Hq., Foley, Minn. 



J. V. Mousel 

Pvt, 1st cl., Hq. Troop, Motor Sec, 
R. i, Dell Rapids, S. D. 



Miscellaneous 



93 






Frank Y. Luni; 
Div. Hq., 525 Locust St., Des Moines, 
la. 



Dawn D. Alter 

Sales Commissary Xo. 301, 52d and 

S sts., South Side, Omaha, Nebr. 



Harry Rickers 
Cook, 88th Military Police Co., Ever- 
lv, la. (Savs he belonged to A. E. 
F. E. F. O. F.— A. E. F. Explor- 
ing France On Foot. Picture tak- 
en in France.) 





Emil Carlson 
Horseshoer, 88th Military Police Co., 
R. 4, St. James, Minn. 



Joe J. Heinz 
Ipswich, S. D. 



94 



349th Infantry 



349th Infantry 




Everett G. Tripp 
Capt., Inf., Co. I, 1003 Nebraska St., 
Sioux City, la. City Editor The 
Tribune. 




Clarence J. Higgins 
1st Lt, Chaplain, Odell, 111. Now 
Chaplain Sth F. A., Camp Taylor, 
Ky. 




Morton F. Dorothy 
2d Lt., M. G. Co., Sauk Centre, Minn. 
(Taken in France.) 




C. J. Searle 
Corp., Hq. Co., 2501 16th Ave. So., 
Minneapolis, Minn. 




Milo W. ("Billy") Billingsley 
Mus. Hq. Co. Producer of 175th 
Brig. Theatrical Co., 310 West 
Walnut St., Des Moines, la. 




Howard H. Platt 
Hq. Co., Mus., 349th Inf. Band, Ca- 
manche, la. 




Le Roy E. Malloy 
Signal Platoon, Hq. Co., North Bend, 
Nebr. 




Roman R. Kussmann 
Hq. Co., Brunswick, Mo. 




Louis K. Hoyt 
Trench Mortar Squad, Hq. Co., Win- 
igan, Mo. 



349th Infantry 



95 






Patrick Harvey Kearins, Jr., 
Trench Mortar Squad, Hq. Co., 607 
West Park St., Mexico, Mo. 



Edward Lovsin 
Trench Mortar Squad, Hq. Co.. 1408 
Clement St., Joliet, 111. (Taken in 
France.) 



Henry Seaman 
Pioneer Platoon, Hq. Co., R. F. D. 5, 
Pipestone, Minn. 




Clyde W. Meginnis 
Pvt., 1st cl, M. G. Co., R. F. D. 2, 
Keokuk, la. 





John Von Hagel 
Co. A., Box 68, Akron, la. 



Victor V. Clark 
Pvt., 1st cl., Hq. Squad, Co. A, Ap- 
pleton, Minn. (Taken in France.) 




Frederick R. Velcheck 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. A, Box 494, Thorpe, 
Wis. (Taken in France.) 





John F. W'kndt 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. A, Kirkman, la. 



A. J. Weyerts 
Pvt. 1st cl., Co. A, Venango, N'ebr. 
(Taken in France.) 



96 



349th Infantry 






Charles R. Makemson 
No. 2, Rear Rank, Sq. 3, 2d PI., Co. 
A, Woonsockct, S. D. (Taken in 
France.) 



Gaile H. Wallis 
Sgt, 4th Platoon, Co. A, Menard, 
Texas. 



Paul J. Schultz 
Mech., Hq. Platoon, Co. B, 425 Mon- 
roe St., Jefferson City, Mo. (Tak- 
en in France.) 






Earl R. Tatman 
Corp., Co. B, Wildwood Park, Sac 
City, la. (Taken in Monte Carlo, 
Mar. 12, 1919.) 



John W. Roberts 
Observer, Int. Platoon, Co. B, Mem- 
ber of winning 88th Div. Rifle 
Team in A. E. F. contest at Le 
Mans, 752 Washington Blvd., Kan- 
sas City, Kans. 



Roy S. Sours 
Mech., Co. B, 323 Hagood St., Mo- 
berly, Mo. (Taken in France.) 




Berkley M. Martin 
Mech., Co. B, Fulton, Mo. 





Walter W. Anderson 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. B, R. F. D. 1, Spen- 
cer, la. (Taken in France.) 



Carl A. 'Burgland 
Co. B, Rosebud, S. D. 



349th Infantry 



97 






Olaf C. Haglund 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. B, Brandon, Minn. 



Jens N. Schultz 
Corp., Co. C, R. F. D. 1, Rutland, la. 



John Webber 
Corp., Co. C, Missouri Valley, la. 




Charles S. Kersting 
Co. C, Gilmpre, St. Charles Co., Mo 
(Taken in France.) 





Albert Scholtes 
Co. C, La Motte, la. 




Russel Strand 
Co. D, Leeds, N. D. 




Martin E. Landberg 
Co. D. R. F. D. 1, Pilot Mound, la. 





Walter O. Proeschold 
Corp., Co. E, Fort Dodge, la. 



Joseph Gunther 
Sgt., 4th Platoon, Co. F, 334 So. 
Broad St., Fremont, Nebr. 



349th Infantry 






Charles E. Verville 
Co. F, 123 E. Hennepin Ave., Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 



Francis E. Newquist 
Liaison Sec., 2d Bn;, Co. G, Dudley, 
la. (Taken in France.) 





Joseph Hatwan 
Co. G, Sq. 13, 2d PI., Tabor, S. D. 
Picture taken beside grave of broth- 
er, Charles Hatwan, Co. I, 350th 
Inf., who died at Hericourt, Oct. IS, 
1918, of influenza, after reaching 
France Aug. 28. Both brothers 
trained first at Camp Funston. Jo- 
seph returned home June 11, 1919, 
and (he writes) "was d— glad 
of it." 



John J. Tray 
Corp., Sq. 6, 3d PL, Co. H, 1605 
Main St., Ottumwa, la. 






Martin W. Sanders 
Pvt., 1st cl., Sq. 5, 1st PI., Co. H, R. 
F. D. 6, Box 69, Vincennes, Ind. 
(Taken in France.) 




Henry P. Moisant 
Hq. Interpreter, Pvt., 1st cl., Co. I, 
Vermilion, S. D. 





Guy B. Hainke 
Pvt., 1st cl., Hq. Sq., Co. I, R. F. D. 
1, Otis, Kans. 



John B. Lee 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. I, 600 N. Main St., 
Hutchinson, Kans. (Taken at 
Rcffroy.) 




Joseph Hoff 
1st Sq., 2d PI., Co. I, R. F. D. 8. Box 
35, Beresford, S. D. 



349th Infantry 



99 




Oscar N. Hagen 
Sq. 7, 2d PL, Co. I, R. F. D. 4, Box 
9, Sisseton, S. D. 




Edward I. Johnson 
Co. I, Box 222, Leonardville, Kans. 
(Taken in the Alps.) 




Glenn V. Veatch 
Co. I, Palco, Kans. (Taken in 
France.) 




M. H. Simmons 
Sgt., Co. K, 105 Mott St., Hampton, 
la. 




Peter O. Leseth 
Pvt., 1st cl. No. 1, 1st Sq., Co. K, 
Decorah, la. 




Arthur W. Peterson 
Co. K, 3d Bn. Runner, R. F. D. 3, 
Box 58, Marathon, la. 




Dave Perry 
9th Sq., 2d PL, Co. K, 1412 8th Ave., 
Scotts Bluff, Nebr. 




John F. Johnson 
Co. K, Witten, S. D. 





Hartwick Johnson 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. L, Goodwin, S. D. 



100 



349th Infantry 






Sam A. Razook 

Pvt. 1st cl.. 3d Sq., 2d PI., Co. L, 
(The'" When do we eats"), Mound- 
ridge, Kans. (Taken in the Alps.) 



Albert Wohlwend 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. L, 1247 Seminary 
St., St. Paul, Minn. 



Earl T. Chambers 
Co. L, 1328 Laura St., Wichita, Kans. 
(Taken in Keffroy.) 






Thos. T. Sherman 
Mech., Hq. Sq., Co. L, Peruque, Mo. 



William Walter McGhee 
Co. L., Colome, S. D. 



Co. L. 



Paul Wili 
Bennett, la. 






Joseph Two Bear 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. M., Cannon Ball, 
N. D. 



William S. GrabtlL 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. M., Canton, Kans. 
(Taken in France.) 



George P. Eitzen 
Med. Detch., 349th Inf., c/o Farm- 
er's State Bank, Mountain Lake, 
Minn. (Taken in France.) 



350th Infantry 



101 



350th Infantry 






Bertram G. Dickinson 
Major, 350th Inf., Commissioned 
captain 1st O. T. C, Ft. Snclling; 
Regtl. Adjt., 350th Inf., Camp 
Dodge ; prom, major June 4, 1918 ; 
overseas Aug. 11, 1918; command- 
ed 1st Bn. in front line Oct. 5-22, 
1918, and 2nd Army Area ; arriv- 
ed U. S. Feb. 15, 1919; entered 
hospital, Denver ; still in service. 
Home, 2215 Oliver Ave So., Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 




Minor F. Wasson 
Capt., Co. C, 501 E. Colfax 
Denver, Colo. 



St., 




Orren E. Safford 
Capt., Co. G. (Taken prisoner Oct. 
12, 1918.) Attorney, 819 First 
Natl. Bk. Bldg., Minneapolis, 
Minn. 



George T. Gurley 
Capt., Supply Co., Attorney, Pipe- 
stone, Minn. 





James P. Dudley 
1st Lt, Co. G, 650 Portland Ave, 
St. Paul, Minn. 



Verne Schaefer 
Sgt., 350th Regt. Band, 501 N. 
Wright St, Eagle Grove, la. 
(Taken in France Oct. 26, 1918.) 




Edward Knoche 
Mus, 2nd cl„ 350th Regt. Band, 
Wheatland, la. (Taken in France.) 



Arthur H. Kuhlman 
Mus, 3rd cl, 350th Regt. Band, Box 
81, Wimbledon, N. D. (Taken at 
Nice.) 




Bryan Bunner 
Observer Sq, 1st. Bn. Intell. Sect. 
Seneca, Nebr. 



102 



350th Infantry 




Ernest E. Bumann 
Mus., 350th Regt. Band, Box 56, 
Alta, la. 




Carl E. Gustaveson 
Mus., 1st cl., 350th Regt. Band, 823 
N. Court St., Ottumwa, la. (Tak- 
en at Is-Sur-Tille, Jan. 7, 1919.) 




Alfred N. Sansom 
Pvt., 1st cl., Signal Platoon, Hq. Co., 
612 E 2nd St., Carthage, Mo. 



J** MM 




Harvey L. Pries (left), Mess Sgt., 
Hq. Co., Tripoli, la. Chas. Abbi- 
not, French soldier, (center) ; El- 
mer Miechel (right). 




Clyde H. Coulthard 
Sgt., Trench Mortar Platoon, Hq. 
Co., Gravity, la. (Taken in 
France.) 




John Whitworth 
Wag., Supply Co., Lone Dell, Mo. 




Charles J. Huck 
Wag., Supply Co., Ste. Genevieve, 
Mo. (Taken in Giromagny, Nov. 
1, 1918.) 




William C. Caneer 
Supply Co., Senath, Mo. 




J. H. Westbay 
Sgt., M. G. Co., 614 N. 7th St., 
Monett, Mo. 



350th Infantry 



103 




William F. Lynch 
Sgt., M. G. Co., R. F. D. 4, Bernard, 
la. 




A. E. Mantey 
Corp., M. ' G. Co., 2nd Sq., Lu Verne, 
la. 




George M. Darlington 
Corp., M. G. Co., 1st Sq, 129 N. 
12th St., Lincoln, Nebr. 




Carl E. Johnson 
Cook, M. G. Co., R. F. D. 1, Center 
City, Minn. 




Ralph D. Stanton 
Cook, M. G. Co., 311 So. Madison 
St., Iowa City, la. 




Forest R. Riley 
Pvt.. 1st cl., M. G. Co., Dighton, 
Kans. 




James C. Clinch 
4th Sq., M. G. Co, Verdel, Nebr. 




Dan G. Steckdaub 
Corp, Co. A, Woodlandville, Mo. 




Milton E. Clyde 
Pvt, 1st cl, 1st Sq, 1st PI, Co. A, 
Royal, Nebr. 



104 



350th Infantry 




John Schaurer 
Pvt, 1st cl, 3rd Sq., 2nd PI., Mina, 
S. D. (Drafted June, 24, 1918, to 
Camp Fiinston ; trans, to Camp 
Dodge.) 




John D. Reil 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. A, Wilmot, S. D. 
(Taken in France.; 




Ernest R. Watkins 
Co. A, Garemont, S. D. 




R. P. BURFENING 

Corp., Co. B, 530 De Lendrecie Blk., 
Fargo, N. D. (Taken at Nice.) 





Fred R. Pace 
Pvf., 1st cl., Co. B, Santa Fc, Kans. 



Joseph Emanuel Pearson 
Co. B, Bethel, Minn. (Gassed in 
action; photo taken in the Alps.) 






E. F. TlTTI.K 
Co. B., Harrisonville, Mo. 



Ai.vik Ferguson 

Co. B., Redfield, S. D. 



J. P. Wagner 
Corp., Co. C, 4815 Ingersoll Ave., 
Dee Moines, la. 



350th Infantry 



105 




August Von Deule 
Pvt., 1st cl, Co. C, R. F. D. 6, Deni- 
son, la. 




Soph us Kanstrup 
Mess Sgt., Co. D, Terril, la. (Taken 
in France.) 






G. W. Ekholm 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. C, R. F. D. 1, 
Windom, Kans. 




Alfred Madsen 
Cook, Co. D, R. F. D. 1, Elk Horn, 
la. 




Martin A. Jacobson 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. E, R. F. D. 
Boone, la. 



Oliver E. Reno 
Co. F, Terril, la. ( Reno or "Red" 
hails from an Iowa farm and is 
back again at the old stand, he 
writes. The height of his ambi- 
tion was to attain the rank of 
buck private, and thus he served 
in the A. E. F. He has a peculiar 
dread for this "fall in" stuff since 
crossing a creek near Hericourt, 
was also a Flu victim. "And from 
the time we first begin to know, we 
live and learn and often wiser 
grow.") 



Rric Erickson 
Co. C, 3rd Sq., 2nd PI., R. F. D. 4, 
Box 35, Hawarden, la. (Taken in 
France.) 




Alfred Lewis Leeman 
Co. D, 730 Kentucky St., Lawrence, 
Kans. 




Herman Priegnitz 
Corp., Co. G, 5th Sq., Sutherland, 
la. (Taken in France.) 



106 



350th Infantry 






Dan W. Webb 
Corp., 1st Sq., 4th PI., Co. G, R. F. 
D. 4, Imlay City, Mich. 



John Treimer 
3rd Sq., Co. G, Hartley, la. 



Henry C. Rutherford 
Corp., 3d Sq., 2nd PI., Co. H, Ar- 
lington, S. D. (Taken in France.) 






Max H. Lange 
Corp., 5th Sq., 3rd PI., Co. H, Ivan- 
hoe, Minn. 



William C. Bush 
Corp., Co. H, Utica, Mo. 



Harry A. Tumbleson 
Cook, Co. H, Austin, Mo. 






Garth M. Lowry 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. H, Buckhart, Mo. 



Philip J. Boland 
Corp., Int. Sec, Snipers, 3rd Bn., Co. 
I, R. F. D. 3, Box 23, Elkader, la. 



Herbert O. Light 
Co. K, 2nd Sq., 2nd PI., Munger, Mo. 



350th Infantry 



107 





Paul W. Ross 
Mech., Co. L, Moscow Mills, Mo. 



John F. Asche 
Pvt., 1st cL, 3rd Sq., 1st PI., Co. L, 
Little Rock, la. 




Fred B. Hinrichs - 
P.vt., 1st cl, Co. L, Little Rock, la. 





Rudolph F. Scheller 
Co. L, Hankinson, N. D. 



Zehnder Hicks 
4th Sq., 2nd PL, Co. L, Mulberry, 
Kans. 




Nathan Firdman 
Mech., Co. L, 8746 Bay 15th St., 
Brooklyn, N. Y. (Taken in 
France.) 




Henry Eeten 
Co. M, Rock Rapids, la. 




Victor T. Marek 
Pvt., 1st cl.; Co. M, Aron, S. D. 




William F. Grace 
Pvt, 1st cl., Int. PI. (Scouts and 
Snipers), Co. M, Kings, Ogle Co., 
111. 



108 



350th Infantry 




W.-N. Merriman 
Sgt., Co. M, Volga City, la. 



351st Infantry 




Frank R. Borden 
Major, M. C, Medical Detch., Plain- 
held, Wis. 




Harry W. Dahleen 
1st Lieut., Co. A, Maynard, Minn. 




Murray W. Snell 

Pvt., 1st cl., Med. Detch, Cor 6th St. 

and 6th Ave., Faribault, Minn. 




Porter B. Remington 
Med. Detch., 2nd Bn., Spring Val- 
ley, Minn. 




Tkii WYrst ' 
Med. Detch., 2nd Bn., Greenwald, 
Minn. 




Krmand E. MaCEDO 
Mus., Hq. Co., 128 Bridge St., E. 
Cambridge, Mass. 



351st Infantry 



109 






Chester Brodt 
37mm. PI., 1st Gun Crew, Hq. Co., 
Welcome, Minn. 




Ludwig B. Anderson 
Corp., Sq. 2, Hq. Co., Orchard, la. 



Cyrus R. Truitt 
Corp, Hq. Co, Radio Sq, P. O. Bx. 
426, Novinger, Mo. (Weighs 240 
lbs. — army style — and was the 
"little'' corporal in charge of the 
champion radio squad at the En- 
listed Men's Show, Apr. 26, 1919; 
made complete radio set out of 
"junk" and caught the daily wire- 
less news from home.) 



Elliott Whitlow 
Hq. Co, Sq. 2, Signal PI, 734 5th 
St, Boonville, Mo. 





Erwin B. Thomas 
Corp, M. G. Co, Cowgill, Mo. 



Lloyd L. Howard 
Wag, Supply Co, R. F. D. 1, Farra- 
gut, la. 




J. W. Foubert 
Pvt, 1st cl, Sq. 2, Hq. PI, M. G. Co, 
408 Cherry St, Grand Forks, N. D. 




Howard F. Rohrer 

M. G. Co, 620 4th Ave. S, Fort 

Dodge, la. (Taken in France.) 




Roy N. Jones 
M. G. Co, Bx. 145, Cheney, Kans. 



110 



3S1st Infantry 




Cleo A. Bond 
M. G. Co., Benson, Minn. 




Virgil G. Harris 
Sgt., 1st PL, Co. A, Tarkio, Mo. 




Marion F. Sloan 
Corp., Sq. 1, Co. A. 908 Kansas Ave., 
Great Bend, Kans. 




Charles O. Irelan 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. A Runner, Drakes- 
vill, la. 




Joseph L. Struble 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. A, Castana, la. 
(Taken in France.) 




Roy L. Fox 
Co. A, 1st Bn. Intell. PL, Ashland, 
Kansas. 





Carl V. Ball 
Co. A, Tingley, la. 



Krekor Kachaijcrian 
Co. A. 28-30 S. Wabash Ave., Chi- 
cago, 111. 




Orrin E. Zea 
Corp., Co. B, Sq. 4, R. F. D. 3, Dcni- 
son, la. 



351st Infantry 



111 




James H. Stoddard 
Corp., Co. B, Sq. 1, 4th PI., Chelsea, 
la. 







Fred C. Layman 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. B, Walnut la. 
(Taken in France.) 




Richard Rasmussen 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. B, Garner, la. 




Ervin B. Burchett 
Co. B., R. F. D. 4, Bx. 83, Annan- 
dale, Minn. (Taken in Paris.) 





Cecil Guy Edwards 
Co. B, 7th Sq., 1st PL, Beeler, Kans. 



Alex A. Benson 
Co. B, Elk River, Minn., R. 3. 






George C. Parks 
Co. B, Applegarth, Md. 



J. E. Cutsinger 
Co. B, R. F. D. 2, New London, Mo. 



Johannes J. Kopervik 
Co. B, Sq. 5, 2d PL, Pitt, Minn. 



112 



351 st Infantry 






Anthony J. Birch mier 
Sq. 7, 3d PL, -Co. B, R. F. D. 3, Mil- 
ton, la. 



Wilbur D. Martin 
Sq. 2, 4th PI., Co. B, R. F. D., Britt, 
la. 



Charley A. Firch 
Corp., Co. C, Deep River, la. 






Oscar F. Gerding 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. C, New Haven, Mo. 



W. L. Truex 
Pvt., 1st cl., Sq. 11, 2d PL, Co. C, 
Canistota, S. D. 



Eric A. Thielman 
Co. C, Pvt., 1st cl., Wayne, Nebr. 






Ci.ell Ritter 
Co. C, Rowena. S. D. 



Walter F.i.vix Kk strum 
Mech., Hq. PL, G>. D. Bx. 185, Car- 
ver, Minn. 



Isaac G. Smith 
Co. D, Sq. 2, 4th PL, Excello, Mo. 
Wishes "Good Luck" to all the 
boys. (Taken in France.) 



351st Infantry 



113 






Walter Scott Hodgson, Jr. 
Sth Sq., 2d PL, Co. D, Tulare, S. D. 



Chester G. Eads 
4th Sq., 4th PL, Co. E, Pvt, 1st cl., 
315 Brady St., Davenport, la. 



Tommie T. Morris 
Sq. 2, 4th PL, Co. E, Atilander, N. 
G, Main st i 






W. J. Wimer 
Pvt., 1st cl., (Automatic Sq.) Co. F, 
Lamoni, la. 



Edward H. Mills 
Co. F, No. 1 Fire Dept., Coffeyville, 
Kans. (Taken in Metz, Dec. 8, 
1918.) 



John A. Isaac 
Sq. 10, Co. F, Stacyville, la. 






Charles L. Starkweather 
Sgt., Co. G, Greene, la. 



Roy P. Carr 
Corp., Co. G, Bevier, Mo. 
in France.) 



(Taken 



M. R. Levorson 
Pvt., 1st cl., Sq. 1, 3rd PL. Co. G, 
Grygla, P. O. Bx. 152, Minn. 



114 



351st Infantry 




Everett Bowen 
Co. G (On duty at Personnel Office), 
117 E. 13th St., Abilene, Kans. 
(Taken in France.) 




Floyd P. Bowen 
Co. G, Anthony, Kans. 




Arthur G. Johnstox 
Cc. G, R. 5, Bx. 11, Denison, la. 




Charles R. McCaughey 
Co. G, R. F. D. 6, Milan, Mo. (Ta 1 , 
en in France.) 




Earl J. Cober 
Corp., Co. H, R. F. D. 2, Gladbrook, 
la. 




H. J. SCHUPANITZ 

Hq. Sq., Co. H, Cook, Festina, la. 





George Gilbertson 
Cook, Co. H, Enderlin, N. D. 



Elmer Nelson 
Pvt., 1st el., Sq. 3, 2d PL, Co. H, 
Emerson, la. 




Fred C. Simonson 
Co. H, Irene, S. D. (Taken in 
France.) 



351st Infantry 



115 








George T. Miller 
Co. H, Bx. 131, Little Falls, Kans. 
(Taken in France.) 




Elmer G. Johnson 
Sgt. 4th PL, Co. I, P. O. Mailing 
Clerk, Hibbing, Minn. 




Homer B. George 
Cook, Co. I (also 275th M. P. Co.) 
530 S. Caldwell St., Brookfield, Mo. 




John Dzuris 
Pvt., 1st cL, Co. I, R. 1, Jefferson, la. 



1 KtFl* h 


r gM br- M ^W v 




\ 






' "•' ' ' 

■ ■ . - ■ :■ 



W. Orrin Sloan 
Mus. 3d cL, Hq. Co., Band (left) 

Wm. R. Sloan, Sq. 1, 1st PL, Co. I 
(right) AtascaderO, Calif. 




Henry S. Opstvedt 
Co. I. Sq. 6, 1st PL, Roland, la. 




Tosso H. Friedbauer 
Sq. 6, 1st PL, Co. I, R 3, De Smet, 
S. D. 



^^. 




Henry H. Quinn 
Sgt., Co. I, 445 3d St., San Diego, 
Calif. 




Leo Clarence Johnson 
Co. I, Hillsboro, la. (Taken in 
Paris.) 



116 



351st Infantry 






Thomas E. Foster 
Co. I, Madison, Kans. 



Russell H. Hauck 
Corp., Co. K (trans, to Candidate 
1 School at La Valbone and sent 
home as casual, Feb. 1919.) 



George E. Cobb 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. K, R. F. D. 3, El- 
dora, la. 






Clarence J. Hoskins 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. K, Tonganoxie, 
Kans. 



Milton H. Mahler 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. K, Sq. 6, 2d PI. 
R. 3, Waseca Minn. 



H. H. Pi.acexs 
Co. K, Sq. 5, PI. 2 (Xo. 1, F. R.) 
Tripoli, la. 




Carl C. Ckamoi.ini 
Sgt., Co. L, 474 Snelling Ave. S., St. 
Paul, Minn. (Cramolini was ser- 
geant of winning platoon of Infan- 
try Platoon Drill at Enlisted Men's 
Show at Gondrecourt. Apr. 26, 1919. 
Photo taken at Houdelaincourt, 
Dec. 16, 1918.) 




Corp. Workman's Automatic Rifle 
Sq. i 3d Sq., 3d PI.) Co. L. Front 
rank (from left) — Frank Round- 
nclli. Glenn A. Cox, E,arl J. Case, 
Corp. Glenn M. Workman. Farra- 
gut, la. Rear — Alva Yardley, Sam 
Blaine, Herbert Biechler. Work- 
man declares it was the best squad 
in the company. 



351 st Infantry 



117 




Chas. T. Fleak 
Pvt., 1st cl., Sq. 1, 2d PL, Co. L, Star 
Route, Edina, Mo. 




Arthur E. Vttrevold 
Co. L, Huxley, la. 




Henry A. Rasmusson 
Co. L, R. 1, Marshalltown, la. 




Charles W. Engler 
Co. L, 1801 S. Harrison St., Sedalia, 
Mo. 





Lonnie Lee German 
Co. L, Thurman, Fremont Co., la. 



Frank Kilgore 
Co. L, Reger, Mo. 




Stuart Wilnerd 
Corp., Co. M, Narcatur, Kans. 




Otto D. Goslar 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. M, Charter Oak, la. 
(Taken in France.) 




Wilbert G. Hamilton 
3d Sq., 3d PL, Co. M, Pvt.. 1st cl., 
Elmo, Mo. 



118 



351st Infantry 




Bert M. Oftedahl 
4th Sq., 3d PI., Co. M, Thompson, la. 




Cloice C. Harrison 
Pvt., 1st cl., Sq. 6, 2d PL, 1520 S. 
Barrett St.. Sedalia, Mo. 




Wayne S. Goff 
Pvt, 1st cl., Co. M, Guthrie Center, 
la. 



3S2d Infantry 



119 



352d Infantry 




■ I ^HBI 





Clyde F. Dreisbach 
Lieut.-Col., 352d Inf., also Div. Wel- 
fare Officer at Gondrecourt ; Cor. 
Lake and California Ave., Ft. 
Wayne, Ind. 



G. H. Russ, Jr. 
Major, 352d Inf., 305 3d St., Bis- 
marck, N. D. (Received Division 
Citation). 



Albert D. Vaughan 

Capt., Co. L, 606 N. 3d St. W., Cedar 

Rapids, la. (Taken in France.) 






Charles W. Briggs 
Capt. and Regtl. Adjt, 3S2d Inf., St. 
Paul Athletic Club, St. Paul, Minn. 



Floyd M. Andrews 
Capt., Regtl. Intelligence Officer, 4209 
2d Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn. 



J. B. Richards 
1st Lieut., Co. I; also Liaison Offi- 
cer to 176th Inf. Brig. Hq., Red 
Lake Falls, Minn, (at present Min- 
neapolis, Minn.) 






WlLFIELD O. SHRUM 

1st Lieut, M. G. Co., 3819 Parker St., 
Omaha, Nebr. Trans, to 23d Inf., 
2d Div., overseas; now serving at 
Camp Travis, Tex. 



Clarence V. Carlson 
1st Lieut., Co. B, 223 Sth Ave. S., 
Valley City, N. D. 



William L. Hassett 
1st Lieut., Co. G, 998 Lexington Ave., 
St. Paul, Minn. 



120 



352d Infantry 






J. M. Craig 
1st Lieut., Co. H, 733 Perrin Ave., 
Council Bluffs, la. 



August C. Schmidt 
1st Lieut., Co. L, 1421 Washington 
St., Lincoln, Nebr. Now in retail 
mercantile business. 



David S. Owen 
1st Lieut., Co. M, 4410 Lake Harriet 
Blvd., Minneapolis, Minn. 






Dr. F. J. Spain 
1st Lieut., D. R. C, 3rd Bn. Dental 
Corps, Kingsley, la. 



Byron J. Campbell 
Pvt.. 1st cl., Med. Detch., Cor. Maple 
and Mozon Sts., Coal City, 111. 



Archie Ross 
Intell. Sect. Sniper, (1st Bn. Scout) 
2949 Highland Ave., Kansas City, 
Mo. (Taken in the Alps.) 






Ralph V. Wallace 
Corp., Hq. Co., Page, N. D. 



Lko Goodwin 

Stable Sgt, Hq. Co., R. F. 
Shade, O. 



D. 1, 



Edwin Hollan 
Mus., 2nd cl., Hq. Co., Band, Kulm, 
X. D. 



352d Infantry 



121 






Ludwig I. Roe 
Hq. Co., Montevideo, Minn., Editor 
Montevideo News. 



Walter A. Hammarback 
Sgt. Trench Mortar Platoon, Hq. 
Co., 2906 Exeter St.. Duluth, 
Minn. (Taken in France.) 



Ragnvald Ardal 
Sq. 1, Pioneer PI., Hq. Co., Sebeka, 
Minn. 






G. A. Roland 
Sgt., Stokes Mortar — 37mm. Pla- 
toons, Hq. Co., 5801 Grand Ave., 
Duluth, Minn. (Taken in the Alps.) 



"Pete" F. Grauer 
Corp., Sq. 377mm., PI., Hq. Co., 
Marcus, la. 



Devillo O. Prouty 
Hq. Co., Elkader, la. 






Joseph John Peters 
Wag., Supply Co., 1319 S. Compton 
Ave., St. Louis, Mo. (Taken in 
France.) 



David Lindholm 
Wag., Supply Co., R. 1 ; Bx. 18, Deer- 
wood, Minn. 



Sigurd L. Johnson 
Cook, M. G. Co., 1010 Kenwood 
Parkway, Minneapolis, Minn. 



122 



352d Infantry 




Arthur S. Olson 
Pvt, 1st cl., M. G. Co., Olson St., 
Charlson, N. D. (Taken at Bel- 
fort.) 




Roy A. Hurtt 
M. G. Co., Hoople, N. D. 




Cecil Percy Russell 
M. G. Co., Bottineau, N. D. 





John Olson 
M. G. Co., Buxton, N. D. 



Stanislav Wallach 
Corp., Co. A, Fenton. St. Louis Co., 
Mo. 




Roman J. Palen 
Corp., Co. A, (right guide) Cale- 
donia, Minn. 





William Ray Frederick 
Corp., Co. A, Lisbon, Linn Co., la. 



John J. Goettelmann 

Corp., Sq. 1, 3rd PL, 110 8th St., 

Luxemburg, St. Louis Co.. Mo. 




Charles A. Kade 
Corp., Sq. 3, Co. A, 3833 Texas Ave., 
St. Louis, Mo. 



352d Infantry 



123 




Clyde H. Miller 
Corp., Sq. 24, Co. A, Savonburg, 
Kans. 





Michael Smith 
Co. A, R. 5, Parker, S. D. 



Chelsea Shafer 
Co. A, Marcus, la. 





Iver Nelson 
Co. A, Langford, S. D. 



H. G. Roysland 
Platoon Sgt, Co. B, 34 Mill Ad., 
International Falls, Minn. 




Louis Mintrup 
Corp., Co. B, Assistant Cashier Citi- 
zens Bank, Union, Mo. (Taken 
in France.) 




IT |f J 



O. A. Greene 
Pvt., 1st cl„ Co. B, Sq. 5, 2nd PI. 
Panora, la. 




Alfred G. Klimaschesky 
Co. B, Kramer, N. D. (Taken in 
France.) 




John B. McKettrick 
Co. B, Sq. 28, R. 3, Le Mars, la. 



124 



352i> Infantry 




Arthur J. Rudolph 

Sgt., Co. C, 3520 Paris Ave., St. 

Louis, Mo. (Taken in France.) 




Johannes P. Haug 
Bugler, Co. C, Sheyenne, N. D. 




Carl David Lundberg 
2nd Sq. 1st PL, Co. C, Douglas, 
Wyo. 





Frank F. Neumann 
2nd Sq., 2nd PI., Hankinson, N. D. 



Cyrille Croisettier 
Co. C, Bottineau, N. D. 




George R. Moehlmann 
Sq. 4, PI. 3, Co. C, R. 6 Akron, la. 




Joseph Alick 

Sq. 1, PI. 3, Co. C, Bclcourt, X. D. 
(Taken in France.) 




Walter W. Kaiser 
Mech., Co. D, Monona, la. (Taken 
in France.) 




l-'.I.MER R. KUHN 

Pvt., 1st cl., Co. D, Hermann, Mo. 



352d Infantry 



12S 




Harvey Hopkins 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. D, Elbo woods, N. D. 
(Taken in Coblenz.) 




Mii.o C. Irwin 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. D, Cambridge, 
Kans. 




Roy Stoneking 
Sq. 1, 2nd PL, Co. D, R. 3, Mt. Ver- 
non, la. (Taken in France.) 




Edward Williamson 
Pvt., 1st cl., 5th Sq, 4th PL, Co. D, 
R. 5, Independence, la. 




Wm. P. Steinbach 
Sgt, Intell. Sec, 2nd Bn., Bx. 383, 
St. James, Minn. 




\\ m. H. Heyer 
Pvt., 1st cl, Co. E, Strawberry Point, 
la. (Taken in France.) 





Victor Brundeen 
Co. E, Akron, la. 



A. F. Stellhorn 
Cook, Co. F, 3150 S. Grand St, St. 
Louis, Mo. 




Edwin Xordcaard 
Pvt, 1st cl, Co. F, Spring Grove, 
Minn. (Taken in France.) 



126 



352d Infantry 






Nicholas Rouster, Jr. 
Co. F, New Albin, la. 



Anthony T. Burg 
Co. F, Keldron, S. D. 



Martin S. Soderquist 
Co. F, Westby, Mont. 




William Bauer 
Sgt., Co. G, R. 2, Long Prairie, 
Minn. (Taken at Nice.) 




Gust Daschofsky 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. G, Best, Nebr. 




William W. Feldkamp 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. G, R. 1, Bx. 68, 
Lincoln, Kans. 




Philip Fey 
Co. G, Oelrichs, S. D. (Taken at 
Ribeaucourt.) 




Hans Nelson 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. G, R. 4, Bx. 58, 
Northfield, Minn. 




■ 



■ 



Clarence N. Vick 
Co. G, (No. 3 in F. R.) Decorah, la. 



3S2d Infantry 



127 




Victor W. Danforth 
Sgt., 4th Platoon, Co. H, 402 7th 
Ave. So., St. Cloud, Minn. (Taken 
in France.) 




Lloyd S. Beltz 
Corp., 4th Sq., 2nd PI., Co. H, 
Arnold, Nebr. (Taken in France.) 




Andreas Jacobsen 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. H, R. 3, Cedar 
Fall, la. 





Nils J. Johnson 
Co. H, R. 2, Lansing, la. 



Ben J. Trenkamp 
Co. H, Worthington, la. (Taken in 
France.) 





Wv 4 


m 


1r %k- 


\!m 





Chas. F. Taube 
Sgt., Co. I, 3712 S. Jefferson St., 
St. Louis, Mo. 






Thomas Thorson 
Sgt., Co. I, Hoffman, Minn. 



William Brandt 
Corp., Co. I, Postville, la. 



W. a. Craig 
Corp., Co. I, 8th Sq., Bottineau, N. D. 



128 



352d Infantry 






Reynold Lee Rearick 
Corp. at 3rd Bn. Hq. during period 
in trenches. Leavenworth, Wash. 



John A. Zluticky 
Mech., Co. I, enlisted Camp Dodge, 
Sept. 21, 1917 ; dis., Camp Grant 
June 10, 1919. Brushvale, Minn. 



Howard Rall 

Pvt., 1st cl., Co. I, 4149 Peck St., St. 

Louis, Mo. (Taken in France.) 






Dell R. Moffit 
Co. I, 706 S. 4th St., Perry, la. 



Louis Crowskin 
Co. I, Kenel, S. D. (Taken in 
France.) 



Francis H. Jones 
Co. I, Lime Springs, la. (Taken in 
France.) 




Hans Johnson 
Sgt., Co. I, Lk. Bx. 232, Menno, S. 
D. (Received Division Citation. 
Picture taken in France.) 





( Ida Branson 
Co. I, Byron, Mo. (Taken in France.) 



John J. Walstad 
Co. I, Claire City, S. D. 



352d Infantry 



129 




G. B. Elleson 
Corp., Co. K, Ossian, la. (Taken 
Apr. 24, 1919, at Hotel St. Bar- 
thelemy, Nice.) 




Herman A. F. Bellach 
Mech., Co. K, Waubay, S. D. 




Frank E. S.midt 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. K, Gaza, la. 




Aloys H. Freking 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. K, R. 6, Le Mars, 
la. # 




iVl ARKHAM 




Pvt., 1st cl., Co. K, R. 3, Soldier, 
Kans. 



Clement V. Singer 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. K, Bx. 122, Merrill, 

la. 




John Federspiel 
Co. K, R.. 1, Raymond, la. • 




William Edward Colter 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. K, Rose Bud, Mo. 




John Costa nti no 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. K, Bx. 511, Mul- 
berry, Kans. 



130 



352n Infantry 





Wm. A. Sai.tnes 
Co. K, Bisbee, N. D. 




Ernest A. Iverson 
Supply Sgt.. Co. L, Hillsboro, N. D. 
( Taken in France. ) 




Mklvin Brandt 
Corp., Co. L, 4th Sq. Postville, la. 







r *6r it* %*; 'A 

«%1 




Theoikire Kostedt 
Corp., Co. L, 1st Sq., R. 12, Bx. 34, 
Kirkwood, Mo. 




John Iverson 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. L, Archer, la. 
(Taken in France.) 











^C 









Kmt G. Harstad 

Pvt., 1st cl. Co. L, Reynolds, X. D, 







John Suanherg 
Co. L, Rutland, 111. 





To.VEV il. KOHMETSCHEK 
Co. L, Lawrence, Xelir. 



John J. Raits 
Co. L, 2nd Sq., Union, Mo. 



352d Infantry 



131 




Melvin Loven 
Pvt., 1st CI., 5th Sq., 2nd PL, Co. L, 
R. 5, VVaukon, la. 




Oliver Lokstad 
Co. L, 1st Sq., 3rd PI., Newfolden, 
Minn. 




John C. Lotsberg 
4th Sq., 4th PI., Co. L, R. 5, Bx. 16. 
Sisseton, S. D. 





Joseph N. Schlacel 
Supply Sgt., Co. M, Fingal, N. D. 



Henry C. E. Dahte 
Sgt., Co. M, 2643 Sutton Ave., Ma- 
plewcod. Mo. 




Wm. P. McGrath 
Sgt., Co. M, R. 4, Webster Groves, 
Mo. 




Walter F. Kilss 
Corp., Co. M, First was a runner in 
3 i Bn. Liason Co., then Acting 1st 
Sgt. ; Took first prize as best run- 
ner in Division. (Picture taken 
at Bonnet). 2359 S. Compton Ave., 
St. Louis. Mo. 




WM L. Schneider (right) 
Corp., 1st Sq., Co. M, 3015 Bunt St., 
Maplewood. Mo. ( With Corp. 
Willfong; longest and shortest 
X. C. O.'s in Co. M.) 




June Crowder 
Corp., Co. M, (tile closer), Botti- 
neau. N. D. 



132 



352d Infantry 





Richard C. "Ddle 
Corp., Co. M, Bx. 49, Montrose, Mo. 
(Taken in France.) 



Standing, left to right — Applegate, Marsh, Ogle, Carlson, Corp. Eriek- 
son ; John F. Possu, Intell. Sec, 3rd Bn., Frederick, S. D., Cool; Kneeling 
—Mcintosh, Robert O. Watzek, R. 1, Hitchcock, S. D. ; Schmidt, John F. 
Healey, Pvt. 1st cl., Intell. Sec, 3rd Bn., 243 Cleveland Ave., Dubuque, la.; 
Corp. Anton Bartush, Intell. Sec, 3rd Bn.. 1329 Yale PI., Mineapolis, 
Minn.; Smith, Hopkins; Sitting — French boys of Bonnet, Alfred R. John- 
son. Pvt., 1st cl., Intell. Sec, 3rd Bn.. Edinburg, N. D., R. 2; Bulla (now 
in Russia), Tejral, Grams, Corp. Loeheck. (Taken in front of Billet No. 
12, Bonnet, France.) 




George H. Hudspeth 
Cook, Co. M, Petersburg, 111. 





John Fred Poussu 
Intell. PI., 3rd Bn., Co. M, Fred- 
erick, S. D. 



Emil Nelson 
Automatic Rifleman, 1st PL, Co. M, 
R. 4, Bx. 58, Frankfort, Kans. 





Henry E. Ploe<;er 
1st S<|. (Automatic), Co. M, Belle- 
vue, la. 



Joseph A. Brignole 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. M, R. 5, Webster 
Groves, St. Louis Co., Mo. 




1 tuGO A. Jesse 

Pvt., 1st cl., Co. M, R. 2, Jcssup, la. 



352d Infantry 



133 






Emil A. Strandberg 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. M, Bx. 471, Minot, 
N. D. (Taken in France.) 



John Olai Johnson 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. M, R. 1, Bx. 39, 
Sharon, N. D. 



Alfred R. Johnson 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. M, R. 2, Bx. 40, 
Edinlnirg, N. D. (Taken in 
France.) 






Lawrence Robinson 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. M, 802 Bartlett St., 
Waupaca, Wis. 



Clarence J. Feemster 
3rd Sq, 1st PI., Co. M, R. 3, Fulton, 
Kans. 



Olie J. Heimdahl 
Co. M, R. 5, Bx. 61, Devils Lake, 

N. D. 






Walter E. Christensen 
Pvt., 1st cl., Sq. 5, 3rd PL, Co. M, 
Orella, Nehr. 



Frank L. Willfong 
Corp., Sq. 1, 4th PL, Co. M.. Alta, 
la. 



Paul J. Staael 
Co. M., Genesco, N. D. 



134 



337th M. G. Battalion 



337th M. G. Battalion 




Farris E. Amis 
Corp., Hq. Co. 3rd Sq., R. 4, Line- 
viJe, ia. 




i, .o-.vr.n_da, 111. 




W'm. C. French 
Supply Sgt., Co. A, R. 6, Newton, 
Ia. One of the original crowd — 
entered by draft Sept. 5, 1917, 
mustered out June 11, 1919. 




James A. Pye 
Corp., Co. A, Kincaid, Kans. (Tak- 
en at Gondrecourt.) 




James H. Parker 
2nd Sq., Co. A, 1512 Garfield Ave., 
Kansas C.ity, Kans. (Taken in 
France. ) 




John J. Kupka 

Pvt.. 1st cl., Co. B, Ft. Atkinson, Ia. 




GROVER J. 1'AUSER 

Pvt., 1st cl., Co. B, Fayette, la. 



338th M. G. Battalion 



135 



338th M. G. Battalion 




George W. Pri chard 
1st Lieut., Co. D, Attorney, Onawa, 
la. (Received Division Citation.) 





Orval Wit. Epmsson 

Corp., Hq. Co., 1st Sq., 408 S. 
ilton St.. Xeosho, Mo. 



Ham- 



J. Donald Wyman 
Pvt., 1st cl., Hq. Sq., Co. A, Harlan, 
Kans. 




James O. Butcher 
Pvt., 1st cl.,. 1st Sq., Co. B, 403 S. 
Main St., Austin, Minn. ( Taken 
in France.) 




Joyce \V. Perry 
Corp., Co. D. Prin. of Schools, 
Ruthton, Minn. Had his squad in 
first line trench the night of Oct. 
12, 1918, at Balschwiller, Pvts. 
V. O. Smith, Tucker, Scott, Mc- 
Naughtin and Brennan. Sgt. Dick 
was with them. Rest of squad, 
Pvts. Willet, Tilletson, B. Jones 
and Carrier in hospital. 




Robert L. Rule ("Boh") 
5th Sq., Co. D, Dow City, la. 




L. H. Schumann 
Pvt., 1st cl., West Side, la. 



136 



339th M. G. Battal:on 



339th M. G. Battalion 






JORGEN LOKKESVEN 

Med. Detch., Bensen, Minn. 



Lemuel LeRoy Huey 
2nd Sq., 2nd PL, Co. A, Delmont, 
S. D. 



Amos Oman Yeates 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. A, Elvins, Mo. 






Gerrit H. Klein 
Co. A, Pella, la. (Taken at Cannes.) 



Thomas F. Foley 
Co. A, 431 W. 56th St., New York, 
N. Y. (Taken in France.) 



Charles S. Pollock 
Pvt., 1st cl., Hq. Sq., Co. B, 2143 X. 
3rd St., Philadelphia, Pa. 






Lyle P. Herbert 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. B, Perry, Mich. 



Arthur Halvorson 
Sgt., Co. C, ("Charter member"), 
Sandstone, Minn. 



Frank B. Schwack 
1st Sq., Co. C, Bx. 123, Royalton, 
Minn. Inducted Sept. 21, 1917, 
Minneapolis ; trans. Oct. 15 from 
Batt. C, 337th F. A. to Camp Q. 
M., Camp Dodge. Prom. Sgt. Q. 
M. C, Jan., 1918. Trans. July 28 
at own request to Co. C, 337th M. 
G. Bn. as Pvt. Prom. Corp. Sept. 
12. Hon. Disch. June 11, 1919. 
Reports that former position as 
Soo Line Chief Clerk was denied. 



339th M. G. Battalion 



137 






Henry W. Nickell 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. C, Elkhart, Kans. 



Ritcharu Hanks 
Co. C, 2nd Sq., Rader, Mo. 



John H. Campbell 
Co. C, R. 2, Bx. 62, Gilliam, Mo. 




Herman Buchholz 
Co. C, R. 3, Bx. 42, Alexandria, S. O. 




Cecil T. Davis 
Sgt., Co. D, 242 E. Condit St., De- 
catur, 111. 




Leonard M. Sund 
Mech., Co. D, 3833 16th Ave So., 
Minneapolis, Minn. (Taken in 
France.) 




Andrew Walter Humphrey 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. D, Minnewaukon, 
N. D. 




Rubert C. Westling 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. D, Olsburg, Kans. 




Ludwig M. Olson 
Co. D, 222 14th St., Bismarck, N. D. 
(Taken in France.) 



138 



339th M. G. Battalion 




Ralfh M. Eaton 
Pvt.. 1st cl., Grinnel, Kans. (Tak- 
en just before going to front.) 



313th Engineer Regt. and Train 




George A. Wightman 
1st Lieut., Co. C, 635 Summer St., 
Kalamazoo, Mich. (Taken in 
Marson, Meuse.) 





Lee O. Marsh 

Color Sgt, Regtl. N. C. O. Staff, 

4C3 N. Main St., Louisiana, Mo. 



Clyde C. Wells 
Corp., Hq. Co.. with Regtl. Hq. N. 
C. O. Staff, Clearwater, Nebr. 
(Taken in Xantes.) 




Henry Martin Fliehler 
Mus., 3rd cl., Hq. Co., Strawberry 
Point, la. 





Clarence O. Dahl 
Pvt., 1st cl., Hq. Co., Hendricks, 
Minn. 



Lee L. Patrick 
Corp., Co. A, 1016 S 8th St. Oska- 
loosa, la. 



313th Engineer Regt. and Train 



139 




Clarence and John E. Jones (left) 
Both brothers in 3rd Sq., 1st PI., 
Co. A, until Oct. 1918, when sent 
to hospital at Hericourt together. 
Clarence recovered sufficiently to 
rejoin Co. A Oct. 20 at Elbach, 
Alsace front. He then learned 
that his brother had died Oct 13. 
Address, c/o Central Hotel, Raw- 
Las, Wyo. 




Robert P. Flagel 
Sgt., 1st cl., Co. B, 1050 S. 2nd St. 
W., Salt Lake City, Utah. (Taken 
in France.) Sgt. Flagel was 'trans. 
Nov. 19, 1918, to 3rd Corps School 
at Clamecy as instructor and 
sailed July 13, 1919, in LeMans 
Casual Co. 1803. 





Harry L. Stull 
5th Sq., 2nd PI., Co. A, North 
McGregor, la. 



William J. Casey 
5th Sq., 4th PI., Co. A, 276 Cleve- 
land Ave., Dubuque, la. 




(''Bug") William B. Fletcher 
Bugler, Co. B. (right) Cawker City, 
Kans. Corp. Neissle (left). (Tak- 
en in France.) 




Edwin A. Goltz 
Pvt.. 1st cl., Co. B (also Hq. Co.) 
Havana, N. D. 




Kenneth R. MacKinnon 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. B, 1st Sq., 3rd PI, 
Le Mars, la. 





Knut N. Sorbo 
Co. B, 13th Sq., 3rd PI., Emmons, 
Minn. 



George H. Green 
Bugler, Co. C, R. 2, Palmyra, Wise. 
(Taken in France.) 



140 



313th Engineer Rect. and Train 




Ira Jay Doud 
Pvt, 1st cl., Co. C, 5th Sq, 4th PL, 
Coleridge, Nebr. 




Albert A. Thoren 
Co. C, 12th Sq, Nekoma, N. D. 




Wilson L. Ritchie 
Sgt., 2nd PL, Co. D, 12 E. West St., 
Georgetown, 111. 




Wallis A. Hoskins 
Sgt., Co. D, 428 Washington St., 
Hibbing, Minn. 




Carl W. Gustafson 
Pvt, 1st cl, Sth Sq, 1st PI, Co. D, 
Cherokee, la. 




Louis Brody 
Pvt, 1st cl, Co. D, Donncllson, la. 




James R. Hoi.man 
Pvt, 1st cl, Co. D, Fountain Green, 
Utah. 




Harlen L. Miller 
Pvt, 1st cl, Co. I), IX B£ 161, 
Olin, la. 




Frank G. Ludwig 
Corp, Co. E, N. State St., Lockport, 
111. 



313th Engineer Regt. and Train 



141 






Julius P. Johnson 
Pvt., 1st cL, Co. E, Mooreton, N. D. 



Orville D. Capps 
Pvt., 1st cL, 4th Sq., 4th PL, Co. E, 
P. O. Bx. 84, Menlo, la. (Taken 
in France.) 



Harry W. Evertson 
Co. E, Lee Summit, Mo. 






B. F. Perrin 
Sgt, Co. F, 735 E. Main St., Belle- 
ville, 111. 



Geo. H. Lewis 
Corp., Co. F, R. 1, Burdett, Colo. 



Joseph P. Strack 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. F, 1st Sq., 1st PI., 
58 McKinley PI. N., St. Cloud, 
Minn. (Taken in the Alps.) 






Alfred J. Lemue 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. F, 18 Bryant St., 
Littleton, N. H. (Taken in 
France.) 



Noah W. Meyer, Jr. 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. F, R. 1, Bx. 23, 
Farmington, Mo. (Taken in 
France.) 



Julian J. Gagnepain 
Co. F, 601 W. St. Joseph St., Perry- 
ville, Mo. 



142 



313th F.vgineer Kkgt. and Train 




Joseph M. Einrem 
Co. F, Springfield, S. D. 




Ralph E. Black 
Pvt., 1st cl., 313th Eng. Train, Scran- 
ton, la. (Taken in France.) 




Carl J. Holden 
Wag., 313th Eng. Train, Bx. 57, 
Lowry, Minn. 




H. O. Dirks 
313th Eng. Train, R. 3, Grundy Cen- 
ter, la. (Taken in France.) 




James M. Kroeger 
Pvt., 1st cl.. 313th Eng., 1302 E 5th 
St., Sioux Falls, S. D. 



313th Train Headquarters 



f 





Oscar E. Hall 
Captain, 313th Train Hq., Lincoln, 
Nebr, (Taken in Paris.) 



Albert Fennema 

I'.u. Sgt. -Major, Hq. Detch, 313th 

Trains, 1412 Center St., Des 
Moines. la. 



313th Sanitary Train 



143 



313th Sanitary Train 






William D. Middleton 
Capt, M. C, U. S. A., 351st Amb. 
Co., 1309 Rupley St., Davenport, 
la. 



LUCIAX O. HOLMAN 

Sgt., Camp Infirmary Detch., Hq. 
Co., 629 Stockton St., Flint, Mich. 



Alba E. Brown 
Sgt., Camp Infirmary, 206 S. 11th 
St., Lincoln, Nebr. As under- 
taker, buried 350 of 88th Div. boys 
at Hericourt, then went to Belfort, 
rejoining his command at Hevil- 
licrs in Dec.', 1918. 





Joseph E. Krers 
Sgt., Hq. Detch., Liberal, Mo. 



Emil F< Larson 
349th Amb. Co., Manfred, X. D. 
(Taken in France.) 




William C. Ronaldson 
Sgt., 1st cl., 349th Amb. Co., 1100 
Adams St., Denver, Colo. (Tak- 
en in Blois.) 





Tim Casey Kniffen 
349th Amb. Co., 101 W. Northern 
St., Pueblo, Colo. 



William L. Dohemy 
349th Amb. Co., Minnewaukon, X. 
D. (Taken in France.) 




Robert T. Earwaker 
349th Amb. Co.", 63 Colorado Blvd., 
Denver, Colo. 



144 



313th Sanitary Train 






Frank Perusek 
349th Amb.„Co., 5th Sq., 202 Sellers 
St., Hibbing, Minn. 



Walter W. Pesch 
Corp., 350th Amb. Co., 3rd Sq., 3rd 
PL, Maine St., Mazeppa, Minn. 
(Taken in Grenoble.) 



Erhard Westman 
Pvt., 1st cl., 350th Amb. Co., St. 
James, Minn. 






William Ernest Kelley 
Pvt., 1st cl., 350th Amb. Co., 217 S. 
Harvey Ave., Oak Park, 111. 



Penhart M. Pengtila 
Wag., 350th Ami). Co., 118 11th St. 
S., Cloquet, Minn. 



Martinus P. Bollesen 
Pvt., 1st cl., 350th Ami). Co., Dana 
College, Blair, Xebr. 






Luther V. Tarner 

350th Co., Kisalcliie, la. 



Felix T. Adams 
350th Field Hosp. Co., 513 E. Main 
St., Danville, Ky. 



W. O'Keii.lv 
351st Amb. Co., 733 Whherbee St, 
Flint, Mich. (Taken in Coblenz, 
Germany, May 4, 1919. ) 



313th Sanitary Train 



145 




John McCamey 
Bugler, 351st Field Hosp. Co., Adel, 
la. This bugle boy ran away to 
enlist at Camp Dodge and is still 
in the service, now at Newport 
News, Va. 




V. L. Bailey 
351st Field Hosp. Co., Youngstown, 
Mo. 




Emil L. Hirsch 
Pvt., 1st cl., 351st Field Hosp, Co.,. 
McClusky, N. D. 




Albert Lee LaFollette 
Pvt, 1st cl., 352nd Amb. Co., 1317 
S. Walts Ave, Sioux Falls, S. D. 




John O. Hlltgren 
352nd Amb. Co, Brinsmade, N. D. 




Jerry R. Friedrichsen 
352nd Field Hosp. Co, 2720 Cor- 
nelio St., Sioux City, la. 





William H. Ruggi.es 
352nd Field Hosp. Co, Verona, Mo. 



Ray P. Blackwood 
Wag, 352nd Field Hosp. Co, Far- 
nam, Nebr. 



146 



313th Supply Train 



313th Supply Train 




William W. Harrington 
1-st Lieut., Dental Corps, Viola, Wis. 




Ernest L. Kinsman »- 
Pvt, 1st cl., Co. A, Mobridge, S. D. 




William W. Barclay 
Corp., Co. C, 620 Hammond Ave., 
Waterloo, la. 




Ralph A. Henderson 
Corp., Co. D, 1st Sq., 4420 3d Ave., 
Sioux City, la. 




Geo. M. Hart 
Corp., Co. F, Moose Lake, Minn. 
(Taken in France.) 







V 



George W. Mark 
Corp., 8th Sq., Co. F, Elbe, Wash. 



313th Field Signal Battalion 






E. H. Humble 
1st Lieut., Co. C, 312 16th St., Pacific 
Grove, Calif. (Taken in France.) 



Ray B. Owen 
Pvt., 1st cl.. Co. A, 509 Monterey 
Ave., Detroit, Mich. 



Ben J. Gilborne 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. A, Bx. 354, Winne- 
bago, Minn. (Taken in France, 
Sept. 30, 1918.) 



313th Field Signal Battalion 



147 




Edwin F. Rathke 
Corp., Co. C, 3d Sq., 2C6 X. Dewey 
St., Owasso, Mich. 




\ "an K. Russell 
Corp., Co. C, Eyota, Minn. 




Harry A. Harvey 
Pvt., 1st cl., Sec. 2. Co. C, Adel, la. 




Fred Miller 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. C, 4th Sq , Frcdonia, 

N. D. 




Aylor X. C Nelson 
Pvt., 1st cl., 4th Sec. Co. C, Bx. 362, 
Adair, [a. 




Louis A. Berger 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. C, 6th Sq., Klossner, 
Minn. (Taken in France.) 





Alfort I. Glassman 
Pvt., 1st cl., Co. C, 7th Sq., P. O. Bx. 
403, Greenville, Texas. 




Garlan X. Black 
Pvt.. 1st cl., Co. C, Neponset, 111. 



148 



Index To Pictures 



List of Photographs 



Adams, Felix T. 
Alick, Joseph, 
Alter, Dawn D. 
Amis, Corp. Farris E. 
Anderson, Corp. Ludwig B. 
Anderson, Earl G. 
Anderson, Walter W. 
Andrews, Capt. Floyd M. 
Ardal, Ragnvald 
Asche, John F. 
Anthony, Capt. Walter E. 
Ball, Carl V. 
Ballinger, Lt. Earl A. 
Bailey, V. L. 

Barclay, Corp. William W. 
Bartush, Corp. Anton 
Becker, Frank 
Beltz, Corp. Lloyd S. 
Bellach, Herman A. F. 
Benson, Alex A. 
Bauer, Sgt. William 
Berger, Louis A. 
Bibb, Capt. Eugene S. 
Billingsley, Milo W. 
Birchmier, Anthony J. 
Black, Garlan N. 
Blackwood, Ray P. 
Black, Ralph E. 
Boland, Philip J. 
Bolleson, Martinus P. 
Bond, Cleo A. 
Bainbridge, Lt. A. G., Jr. 
Borden, Maj. Frank R. 
Bowen, Floyd P. 
Bowen, Everett 
Brandt, Corp. Melvin 
Brandt, Corp. William 
Branson, Oda 
Briggs, Capt. Charles W. 
Brignole, Joseph A. 
Brodt, Chester 
Brody, Louis 
Brown, Sgt. Alba E. 
Brundeen, Victor 
Buchholz, Herman 
Burg, Anthony T. 
Burgland, Carl A. 
Burfening, Corp. R. P. 
Bumann, Ernest E. 
Bunner, Bryan 
Burchett, Ervin B. 
Bush, Corp. William C. 
Butcher, James O; 
Campbell, John H. 
Campbell, Byron J. 
Cancer, William C. 
Capps, Orville D. 
Carlson, Lt. Clarence V. 



Carlson, Emil 

Carr, Corp. Roy P. 

Casey, William J. 

Chambers, Earl T. 

Christensen, Walter E. 

Christensen, Arthur C 

Christofferson, John L. 

Clark, Rev. Earl B., Chaplain-Lt. 

Clark, Victor V. 

Clark, Leo Edgar 

Clinch, James C. 

Clyde, Milton E. 

Cober, Corp. Earl J. 

Cobb, George E. 

Cogburn, Sgt. Earl W. 

Colter, William Edward 

Constantino, John 

Coulthard, Sgt. Clyde H. 

Craig, Corp. W. B. 

Craig, Lt. J. M. 

Cramolini, Sgt. Carl 

Crawskin, Louis 

Croisettier, Cyrille 

Crowder, Corp. June 

Cutsinger, J. E. 

Dahl, Clarence O. 

Dahleen, Lt. Harry W. 

Dahte, Sgt. Henry C. 

Danforth, Sgt. Victor W. 

Darlington, Corp. George M. 

Davis, Sgt. Cecil T. 

Daschofsky, Gust 

Dickinson, Maj. Bertram G.. 

Dickson, Sgt. William H. 

Diercks, Corp. Fred J. 

Dirks, H. O. 

Doud, Ira J. 

Donnelly, Corp. Francis 

Dorothy, Lt. Morton F. 

Doheny, William L. 

Drake, Capt. Alva M. 

Dreisbach, Lt. Col. Clyde. F. 

Dzuris, John, Jr. 

Eads, Chester G. 

Eaton, Ralph M. 

Earwaker, Robert J. 

Edwards, Cecil Guy 

Eeten, Henry 

Ehlke, Corp. Wm. E. R. 

Einrem, Joseph M. 
Eitzen, George P. 

Ekstrom, Walter Elvin 

Ekholm, G. W. _____ 

Elleson, Corp. G. B. 

Elder, Sgt. Edward Monroe 

Engler, Charles W. 

Epperson, Orval William 

Erickson, Eric 



Evertson, Harry W. 
Engel, John 
Faber, Nick 
Federspiel, John 
Feemster, Clarence J. 
Feldkamp, William W. 
Fauser, Grover J. 
Ferguson, Alvie 
Fennema, Sgt. Maj. Albert 
Fey, Philip 

Firch, Corp. Charley A. 
Firdman, Nathan 
Fischer, Corp. Nicholas 
Flagel, Sgt. Robert P. 
Fleak, Charles, T. 
Flesher, Jesse L. 
Fletcher, William B. 
Eliehler, Henry Martin 
Foley, Thomas F. 
Foster, Thomas E. 
Foubert, J. W. 
Fox, Roy L. 
French, Sgt. William C. 
Frederick, Corp. William Ray 
Freking, Aloys H. 
Friedbauer, Tosso H. 
Friederichsen, Jerry R. 
Gagnepain, Julian J. 
George, Homer B. 
German, Lonie Lee 
Gerding, Oscar F. 
Gilbertson, George H. 
Gilborne, Ben J. 
Glassman, Alfort 
Goettelmann, Corp. John J. 
Goff, Wayne S. 
Goltz, Edwin A. 
Goodwin, Sgt. Leo 
Goslar, Otto D. 
Grace, William F. 
Grabill, William S. 
Graves, Corp. "Pete" F. 
Green, George H. 
Greene, O. A. 
Gunther, Sgt. Joseph 
Gurley, Capt. George 
Gustafson, Carl W. 
Gustaveson, Carl E. 
Hagen, Oscar N. 
Haglund, Olaf C. 
Hall, Capt. Oscar E. 
Halvorson, Sgt. Arthur 
Hamarback, Sgt. Walter A. 
Hamilton, Wilbert G. 
Hanes, Ritchard 
Hainke, Guy B. 
Harrington, Lt. Wm. W. 
Harris, Sgt. Virgil G. 



Index To Pictures 



149 



Harrison, Cloice O. 

Harstad, Knut G. 

Hart, Corp. George M. 

Harvey, Harry A. 

Hassett, William L. 

Hatwan, Joseph 

Haug, Johannes P. 

Hauck, Corp. Russell H. 

Healey, John F. 

Heinz, Joe J. 

Henrichsen, Charles 

Henderson, Corp. Ralph A. 

Heimdahl, Ole J. 

Hendricks, Daniel E. 

Herbert, Lyle P. 

Hcyer, William H. 

Hicks, Zehnder 

Higgins, Lt. Clarence J. (Chaplain) 

Himes, Lt. John C. 

Hinrichs, Fred B. 

Hirsch, Emil L. 

Holden, Carl J. 

Hodgson, Walter Scott, Jr. 

Holman, James R. 

Holman, Sgt. Lucian O. 

Hopkins, Harvey 

Hoff, Joseph 

Hoff, Sgt. Eugene V. 

Hoskins, Sgt. Wallis A. 

Hoskins, Clarence J. 

Howard, Lloyd L. 

Hoyt, Louis K. 

Huck, Charles J. 

Hudson, Capt. Donald K. 

Hudspeth, George H. 

Huey, Lemuel LeRoy 

Hultgren, John O. 

Humble, Lt. E. H. 

Humphrey, Andrew Walter 

Hurtt, Roy A. 

Hollan, Edwin 

Iekel, Sgt. George C. 

Imel, Carl L. 

Irelan, Charles O. 

Irwin, Milo C. 

Iverson, Sgt. Ernest A. 

Iverson, John 

Isaac, John A. 

Jacobsen, Andreas 

Jacobson, Martin A. 

Jenks, Chauncie Otis 

Jesse, Hugo A. 

Jilka, Adolph 

Johnson, John F. 

Johnson, Hartwick 

Johnson, Edward I. 

Johnson, Sgt. Elmer G. 

Johnson, Leo Clarence 

Johnson, Alfred R. 

Johnson, Sigurd L. 

Johnson, Sgt. Hans 

Johnson, Nils J. 

Johnson, Julius P. 

Johnson, Carl E. 

Johnson, John Olai 



Johnston, Arthur G. 
Jones, John E. 
Jones, Clarence 
Jones, Francis H. 
Jones, Roy N. 
Kachadurian, Krekov 
Kade, Corp. Charles A. 
Kaiser, Walter W. 
Kanstrup, Sgt. Sophus 
Kasner, Anthony G. 
Kearins, Patrick Harvey, Jr. 
Kersting, Charles S. 
Kelley, William Ernest 
Kiess, Corp. Walter F. 
Kilgore, Frank 
Kinsman, Ernest L. 
Klein, Gerrit H. 
Klimaschesky, Alfred G. 
Kniffen, Tim Casey 
Knoche, Edward 
Kopervik, Johannes J. 
Kohmetscher, Toney B. 
Kostedt, Corp. Theodore 
Krebs, Sgt. Joseph E. 
Kroeger, James M. 
Kupka, John J. 
Kuhlman, Arthur H. 
Kuhn, Elmer R. 
Kussman, Roman R. 
LaFollette, Albert Lee 
Landberg, Martin E. 
Lange, Corp. Max H. 
Larson, Capt. Edgar J. D. 
Larson, Emil F. 
Larson, Sgt. John H. 
Layman, Fred C. 
Lee, John B. 
Leeman, Alfred Lewis 
Leseth, Peter O. 
Lemve, Alfred J. 
Lewis, Corp. George H. 
Levorson, M. R. 
Light, Herbert O. 
Lindholm, David 
Lokkesven, Jorgen 
Lokstad, Oliver 
Lotsberg, John C. 
Loven, Melvin 
Lovsin, Edward 
Lowry, Garth M. 
Ludwig, Corp. Frank G. 
Lung, Frank Y. 
Lundberg, Carl David 
Lynch, Sgt. William F. 
Lyman, Capt. C. Arthur 
Macedo, Ermand E. 
Mackinnon, Kenneth R. 
Madsen, Alfred 
Magnus, Adolph 
Mahler, Milton H. 
Makemson, Charles R. 
Malloy, LeRoy E. 
Mantey, Corp. A. E. 
Marek, Victor T. 
Markham, Robert S. 



Marsh, Color Sgt. Lee O. 

Martin, Wilbur D. 

Martin, Berkley M. 

McCamey, John F. 

McCaughey, Charles R. 

McColley, Henry O. 

McKettrick, John B. 

McGrath, Sgt. William P. 

McGhee, William Walter 

Mears, Maj. E. C. 

Meginnis, Clyde W. 

Merriman, Sgt. W. N. 

Meyer, Noah W. 

Middleton, Capt. William D. 

Miller, Clyde H. 

Miller, Fred 

Miller, George F. 

Miller, Harlen L. 

Mills, Edw. H. 

Mintrup, Louis J. 

Moehlmann, George R. 

Moffit, Dell R. 

Moisant, Henry P. 

Morris, Tommie T. 

Mousel, J. V. 

Nelson, Aylor N. C. 

Nelson, Corp. E. W. 

Nelson, Emil 

Nelson, Iver 

Nelson, Hans 

Nelson, Elmer 

Neumann, Frank F. 

Newquist, Francis E. 

Nickell, Henry W. 

Nordgaard, Edwin 

Novak, John . 

Odle, Corp. Richard C. 

Oftedahl, Bert M. 

Opstevedt, Henry S. 

Olson, Arthur S. 

Olson, John 

Olson, Ludwig M. 

O'Reilly, Jack W. 

Osborn, Roy 

Owen, Lt. David S. 

Owen, Ray B. 

Pace, Fred R. 

Palen, Corp. Roman J. 

Parks, George C. 

Parker, James H. 

Patrick, Corp. Lee L. 

Pearson, Joseph Emanuel 

Perrin, Sgt. B. F. 

Perry, Dave 

Perry, Corp. Joyce W. 

Pengtila, Penhart M. 

Peterson, Arthur W. 

Peters, Joseph John 

Pesch, Walter W. 

Perusek, Frank 

Plaeger, Henry E. 

Plagens, H. H. 

Piatt, Howard H. 

Polk, Maj. Harry H. 

Pollock, Charles S. 



150 



Index To Pictures 



Potter, Capt. Arthur C. 
Poiisser, John Fred 
Prichard, Lt. George W. 
Pricgnitz, Corp. Herman 
Pries, Sgt. Harvey L. 
Proeschold, Corp. Walter O. 
Prouty, Devillo O. 
Pye, Corp. James A. 
Quinn, Sgt. Henry H. 
Rail, Howard 
Rapps, John J. 
Rasmussen, Richard 
Rasmussen, Henry A. 
Razook, Sam A. 
Rearick, Corp. Reynold Lee 
Reil, John D. 
Remington, Porter B. 
Reno, Oliver E. 
Richards, Lt. J. B. 
Richie, Sgt. Wilson L. • 
Rickers, Harry 
Riley, Forest R. 
Ritter, Clell 
Roberts, John W. 
Robinson, Lawrence 
Roe, Ludwig I. 
Roland, Sgt. G. A 
Rohrer, Howard F. 
Ronaldson, Sgt. Wm. C. 
Ronning, Joseph 
Ross, Archie 
Ross, Paul W. 
Rouster, Nicholas, Jr. 
Roysland, Sgt. H. G. 
Rudolph, Sgt. Arthur J. 
Ruggles, William H. 
Rule, Robert L. (Bob) 
Rutherford, Corp. Henry C. 
Russ, Maj. G. H. Jr. 
Russell, Cecil Percy 
Russell, Corp. Van K. 
Safford, Capt. Orren E. 
Saltnes, Wm. A. 
Sanders, Martin W. 
Sansom, Alfred X. 
Schaeffer, Sgt. Verne 
Scheller, Rudolph F. 
Schlagel, Sgt. Joseph X. 
Schmidt, Lt. August C. 
Scholtes, Albert 
Schneider, Corp. William L. 
Schultz, Corp. Jens X. 



Schultz, Paul J. 
Schupanitz, H. J. 
Shaurer, John 
Schumann, L. H. 
Scbwack, Corp. Frank B. 
Seaman, Henry 
Searle, Corp. C. J. 
Severson, Frank John 
Shafer, Chelsea 
Sherman, Thomas T. 
Shrum, Lt. Winfield O. 
Simmons, Sgt,. M. H. 
Simonson, Fred C. 
Singer, Clement V. 
Skidmore, George A. 
Sloan, Corp. Marion F. 
Sloan, Corp. W. Orrin 
Sloan, William R. 
Smidt, Frank E. 
Smith, Michael 
Smith, Isaac G. 
Snell, Murray W. 
Soderqvist, Martin S. 
Sorbo, Knut N. 
Sours, Roy S. 

Spain, Lt. F. J. (Doctor) 

Staael, Paul J. 

Stangeland, Nels Oscar 

Stanton, Ralph D. 

Starkweather, Charles L. 

Stellhorn, A. F. 

Steckdaub, Corp. Dan G. 

Steinbach, Sgt. William P. 

Stoddard, Corp. James F. 

Stoneking, Roy 

Strack, Joseph A. 

Strand, Russell 

Strandberg, Emil A. 

St ruble. Joseph L. 

Stall, Harry L. 

Sturies, Martin 

Sund, Leonard M. 

Swambcrg, John 

Swedzinski, Frank 

Tatman, Corp. Earl R. 

Tarver, Luther V. 

Taube, Sgt. Charles F. 

Thielman, Eric A. 

Thomas, Corp. Erwin B. 

Thoren, Albert A. 

Tborson, Sgt. Thomas 

Tray, Corp. John B. 



Trenkamp, Ben J. 
Treimer, John 
Tripp, Capt. Everett G. 
Truex, W. L. 
Truitt, Corp. Cyrus R. 
Tumbleson, Harry A. 
Tuttle, E. F. 
Two Bear, Joseph 
Vaughan, Capt. Albert D. 
Veatch, Glenn V. 
Velcheck, Frederick R. 
Verville, Charles E. 
Vestal, Col. Samuel C 
Vick, Clarence N. 
Von Deule, August 
Von Hagel, John 
Wagner, Corp. J. P. 
Walker, Glenn E. 
Wallace, Corp. Ralph V. 
Wallach, Corp. Stanislav 
Wallis, Sgt. Gailc F. 
Walstad, John J. 
Ward, Corp. James Herman 
Wasson, Capt. Minor F. 
Watkins, Ernest R. 
Watzek, Robert O. 
Webb, Corp. Dan W. 
Webber, Corp. John 
Webster, Perle L. 
Wells, Corp. Clyde C. 
Wendt, John F. 
Westman, Erhard 
Westbay, Sgt. J. H. 
Westling, Rubert C. 
Weyerts, A. J. 
Will long, Corp. Frank L. 
Williamson, Edward 
Wilkenning, Paul 
Wilnerd, Corp. Stuart 
Wimer, W. J. 
Whitworth, John 
Whitlow, Elliott 
Workman, Corp. Glenn M. 
Wohlwend, Albert 
Wrightman, Lt. George A. 
Wurst, Ted 
Wyland, J. Donald 
Yeates, Amos Orian 
Yttrevold, Arthur E. 
Zea, Corp. Orrin E. 
Zluticky, John A. 



Appendix 




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rut 

175* 

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TROUPE 

(Gfclt 

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152 



Appendix 



Facsimile Copies of Armistice Editions of U. S. Newspapers 

and 88th Division Publications 



i^_ pi is. 


h ft Peace! ft ft ft ft * 


VOL. LXV.— NO. 315. 


H. f mil liimuer #wm i--^--! 

ST. PAUL. MINN. MONDAY. NOVEMBER U. 1918. » PRICE THREE CENTS LN ST. PAUL 



GERMANY SURRENDERS, SIGNS PEACE TERMS; 
WORLD WAR FIGHTING ENDS AT 5 A. M. TODAY 
ALL CONDITIONS OF THE ALLIES ARE ACCEPTED 



MmKMSIEGIH 
LORRAINE tm 



Wwtrd on 72-mnt Front — 
FrancA CwMrml Entora Sadvi. 



urn roKU aurao* 1 1 "'J5£j2I—i 
surruB n Dootsa I •—.->——-»■ 



HISTORY'S MOST POTENT DAY 

IS FATEFUL ONE FOR DESPOTS 



• I***) a.*l.«, » 



• ".»-.»• * eWHIle* O.i- 






REBELS' RULE NOT WASHINGTON ANNOUNCES CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES; 
TO IMPAIR REPLY F0 E AGREES TO DRASTIC PACT; TELL FOCH AT MIDNIGHT 

HUNS IN REVOLT 



T 



-KAISER IN FLIGHT, w»n*jfcWb«*w* 

and thii morning at 6 o'clock Waabington time. 



Tin extusioh hat 

BE GJtAKTTD OH T.UCI 



134 INJURED HERE REJOICEJR KIN 

Firat D«ttchm«nt of Matt Suf St. Paul CWmk* of Gatinaji 
fpring From BaTtta I'juoaa Da*, cant Elatad Ov»j Ro*oK 
Riuhm 8f>rfWif Hoat»rl»l. a--*) Fall of Awtocrscy. 



Format Hun Royal Party J*i- r - 
r«y« to Outch BortJa* « Eya- 
an in Tan Afmad Automobftaa. 



11 o'clock Paris time 

The armi-it.en was signisd by the G«rman rap 



FUKS WELL PRETaJIED 

FOR urESMfS FUCKT resentatiTes at midnight 




This annoasc«m«nt wu made by the State 
department at 2:50 o'clock this morning. 

The department's announcement simply 
said: "The armistice has been signed." 

The announcement was made verbally by an 



Emprrar William tad the 
t^nrum Pntjoa af Ormvxj haaa 

inl-n refute ■□ Holland after a 
night flight from the Teulonio 

The falabluhmtol of lit ao- 
eillad fcxAople'a government t* 
eoa.pl* Lf and the former Kaiaf*. J 

b» »>■ l.C*ti<W d 

,.d., "IS" """'"i official of the Bute department in this form: 

la *aa aeeompaai-'d by air- 1 . . - — . 

ii, th^nur, Q^rmar, a.r.rr.1 1 "The armistice has been signed. It was 

FWi Marahal aoo^H^d.abnr, signed at 5 O'clock FU^tra^UdjM^tkt Tbaj^ flZt 

will cease at 11 o'clock this morning, Paris time.' 



Garneon, Mayor and Po*oa> a* 
Caphavl Mn Haw C m wrnmarw 
haaefed by Frtadrich Qart 

rEOPLE-S COONCa ALSO 

seizes otwi bc crms 

Berlin and wiTtnallj eea-T 
Urge city in tha Genua empire 
b«cn aeiaed by rabala and 
Frtidneb Ebert, eiee rrrasndenl of 
the Social Pcmocratic part; ha* 
bean installed aa cbaoeaUer 

Tba opriiinw a/hit-h began be- 
fore the abdication of Emperor 
William and finca that liaee 
spread like wild fin- lo every por 



.iahed in many plneae only af"' 
uch bloodaktd. 

riaf Orv atiia* 



YANKS IN t,0«RAIN.E OET 
VIUAOM AND WOODS. 

ta. ■ ■■ ■■■- ' Eipoaura Qua to Ptaaa Fan* wtm 

Will, u* *»•>'** r™ - •> tkaj eiaunad by Madloa .In- 
Uxtaa rw-t. "a* ia.-T». (*»*« epaa*» in Mid CHy. 



"al-w. i aa ■ W arlia w ra »^a aa 

AMCRICAMfl CONTINUE 
DRIVE ALONC MEuaC. 









UMT. au..»- 

a n.' Mr *■■■■ 



7o« JCkT/* £i"W/« CM as Driver 

trie* tp Avert Crash With Aato 



Stx Tau ft-t lata Dadd af Oaaak. 

-■tW Tarn to S»y Bar "»*Bf rmfm 



IkH fWaaal •! Mr l"a*r. WUI -L. ajp, m*^,,! ,». aaBlll a- 
I ," 1 , o»»a*t i*.», —a l^aaaaaiay a ryall >» aWk. aw 

lavrJ.1 ".•—*»•* wK-i»« "**" rt^Ml x~ i. 1 *•" "-* 



' • - ■-'--■ CMIMX •■ rj»i a •■!! H a | 



So A. H. Washington time ia 6 A. B St. 

Paul time. 

The terms of the armiatice, it waa announced, 

»IU not be made public until later. Military 
men here, bowerer. regard it aa certain that they 
include. 

Immediate retirement of the Oermas mili- 
tary forcea from Prance. Belgium and Alaace 
LorraiBa 

n^arming and demobiliaation of the Ger 
man armiea. 

Oooupauon by the Allied and American 
forcaa of aucB itrategic pointa U Oermany as will 
make impossible a renewal of hostilities. 

DaliTSry of part of the Oerman high aaaa 
fleet and a certain number of submarines to the 
Allied and American nayal forcea. 

Disarmament of all other Oerman warships 
under supervision of the Allied and American 
i&rles which will guard them. 

Oacupation of the principal Scnnan naval 
basaaby sea forces of the victorious nations. 

Eeleaae of Allied and American soldars, 
sailors and civilians held prisoners in Germany 
without such reciprocal action by the associated 
government*. 

TEEMS 8IONED BT WIBPXE88 

Toere was no information aa to the circum 
stance* under -which the armistice was signed, 
but since the Oerman courier did not reach Oer- « 



nd th* borrMUrtrr aod pfrftrl 



ikon aossis aAjnas; 
also ugu o» Htiaum 












Tail irli™» O—T »• »•*" «■ 



L'StirlJrS man military headquarters until 10 A. M. Sun- fyjag^ g-jr-.s^grS. 
r«'"-"~ "™J ,!»,, french time, it was generally assumed here ~^SS^^2i?XsSi 

r c i- TlT^ lvaav. the Oerman envoys within the Prench lines ~£*~: . _j 

•JT-'m 173^11 Ibadbaen instrurtexl by wireless to sign tbeterma.lcr^S 'iSfirS-'-." 



Appendix 



153 



2%e Wmnmtifilxs €%mm& tM ftmti 



FUty-secoad Year. No. ijo. 



' Associated frem*. 



MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., MONDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1918 United Pre*.. 



Price Two Cents in Miaaeapolia. 



World War at End as Armistice Terms 
MaKe WrecR of Hohenzollern Machine 



Radicals Rule 
Germany as 
Kaiser Flees 

Fourteen of 26 Teuton 

States Raise Red Flag 

of Revolution. 



War Bulletins 



Germany Licked! 
Kaiser Canned! , 
War Over! 



Recruiting Suspended 
by British Government 



II.— Th* Hrilieh gov 



Former Imperial Family of 

Prussia Seeks Safety 

in Holland. 



Former War Lord 
First to Desert 



Reichstag In Jependents am} 

Socialists Reported as 

Planning Republic. 



A^iflerdan.. Siuidiy. Nov. 10.— (8 
p. m.)— William Hohenbollern, Uie 
fcrniei German emperor, bis tldeat 
toe. and Field Marshal vod Hen 
twllf. It 1* learned from a tolla- 
ble source, air in 3 railway train 
test tbe itation of Eysten awaiting 
Ibe decision of tlie Dutrb goseni 
merit The blinda on tbe train are 



cut tbe empire. 11,1 a German wire- 
icta d. -fitch (rc:n Berlin. Soldiers 
and workers' councils ui being es- 
tablished everywhere. ' 111 general 
the (tint* of govemurent. the mta- 
sage add*, baa occurred without ap- 
preciable disturbance of economic 
i ruer or of blood anad. 

(Sg «•■■■■■.!-, I P«ll.l ' 

London, >ov. 11. — Gcruaay lodjy ii 
■4*aJMri.ci* an J kinglets. All reports 
teedcJ to alio* thai in aJdiiion t< 
emperor, all the kings, prince*, grand 
duke* aril other royalty of tb* empi 
had renounced their "divine right" 
ij rule o\er a people which nlrrady 
bad *'>rog*tcd that rifht by revolution. 

William Jlot.rnrollern. the former 
k titer, whose wife and ion. the fe 
.ruwn print/, were believed lo 
reached tlie cattle ot Couut vo* Ben- 
tinck near I'lreeht. With tbcm wrrc 
•aid To be Field Manual von Itindco- 
t ni| and a auite of 10. 

Germany wat Hill dominated by 
the revolutionieeti. but report* indicat- 
ed that the Socialist! were rapidlv u- 
aumiag i-outrol of the governmental 
t unctioas. Fourteen out it t6 dates 



' hav< 



i A* 



Focialillt. following the raising of the 
red das at Kiel. The 12 amalt ttitc*, 

* jieb apparently lie not affected, eta- 
Ki hope to May the triumphal progress 

«t (ho Socialists, it ii hrlieiveJ. 
BwpubUc Being r**or*d. 
Alreaedy the Reichstag indepeodent: 

• ti.l (be Soeinliil* are planning eoopor- 
Iting iu formalion of a (table gi 
r*ML With icpubli 



fceblcswig- Hoist e in, lhe o 

Ear to be drifting lowar 
I Germany. 

The btfgesl figure in i 
Ttf^etkk Ktort, rWislin 



Han 



i,.-e Ma-vimi 
.elf :,ppni»t* 



William Hohenzollern Must 

Be Brought to Justice, 

Says Mason. 



By J. W. T. Meson. 

I York, Nov. 11 — Wilbtlrr. 



IlohcD 

be tint 



The day or the 
running »way from 
ilently seeking aty- 

!6,000,0e» dead and 



riw* 






Hoheo toller i 
for the Uev; 

action, ilia 



■oo.l, William 
i personally reiponaiblr 
lion that hai made Ku- 
an J ao nearly subject 



Vlli/. 



general and a« to 'irrmany in par- 
jlar ' n been that he own no ia> 
inling tu any ont but the German 

rust Beepotwlbillty to Peuple 
le f.-miiu! be allowed to po into re 
pie, 



Downtown Minneapolis Will MiflllBdpOliS 
Be Great White Way Tonight D|i r ^**% Inf-A 

Riot of Joy 

City Celebrates the Victory 

Over Autocracy in a 

Cyclone of Noise. 



MOWN-TOWN Minneapolis will be one "great white. way'* to- 
night for the first time for more thin * year, in- celebration 
of the victory of the Yanks and Allies against the Huns. Fuel 
.Administrator Garfield today lifted the "lightlesa night" order in 
every city in the United States. An extra force of men has been 
secured by the city in an effort to go as far as possible in the 
illuminating. , 



Overtime and Sunday 
Shipyard Work Halted 



No* 



II.— Or.lc 






Wnahingtoi 
ping all overtime and Sunday 
irn rrumcni ->][ tofltriett were author- 
ized todav after'a tonferenee of Seer*. 
Yarie* Baker and Daniel* and Chairman 
Ilurlev of the *bip;>ing board. 

With 3S0,0o0 men now at work In 
the ihipyaide, tho government eould 
uae at lea-t 1M.000 more to carry in 
it* giant tuipbuilrnng program, Chair- 
man Hurley of the (kipping board de- 
clared today. 



City's Awakening 
Like Paris Raid 

People Leap From Beds at 
Sounding of Siren — Bom- 
bardment Follows. 



iriv i- 



By Jack BetnlngUn. 

nng of . 
•wafjtj ■ 



r bet 



ity it trat to bin fellow rrreti •koff 
iltep agon* be ha* aought to prr,|nng 
by breaking every law of humanity. 

Anil now, slinking *way to »moke a 
eigbret on neutral toil, be ii trying to 
tavc himself front the criminal 'i dork. 
Civilisation muit demand hia etlndi- 
tion for trial on the charge of world 
mor.I.-r. He baa trie' le ptonder the 
planet like a common maraudrr. His 
order* that kart InBieted ;ii,00*l,i*''i 

manhood will cripple the earth, per- 
bap* (- generation*. The sorrow and 
mental aoguiA left iu hi* bloody trail 



la Tra*«*tT. 
penalty for hia gb«tl< 

onement woulfl be i 



■JJ i 



half of juitii 
It is her i 
beard. Jmtii 
»n,l *MW1 
criminals i 



cannot hold np her head 
acntrnre on tbe InMf 






eynieally '< 

Moat B* Brought U JnaUc*. 
Williim Hohentollern muit 



Thereafter the gn 



Washington Gancels 
All Calls in Draft 



rail* to 
Totadani. the home 
biive, an.l Dulient' *M 

I^.-.llorr, MuIL.'hjl »1 
aerrr held ty rcvolnlion 
•V"me of lb* ie|»>ri 
Conn- Kr*|ip von Ivl.lt 
p.d bil wife, forweile 
J.r*.|. of the -real g*M 



i Or* 



s.k. The J. 



1 K-ai-u alio 
! iiitc.i ihat 

I an.l llall.j.h 

Dettha Kr 

work? at E* 
of the former 
: w.-ii reported 



c been wnua>le<l. 
All picture* el the l«t*Mf bab«n mil 
IV* irewn prince we 'win; retnpie-l 
t"» pulille Place*. I'orlraitt of Von 
Jlmdenburg, bo«ctet, woe not 
»<lc*tcJ. 

Food Si tint ion ie.'ioa*. 

The L«t'*l An/c^-cr Haiti rcrenlly 

••" uf the *trjngi--t tupporlrr* of lli* 

k*i«er > rlnjiie, h.i-1 bi-en filed by 

w.rkm .i aul v.Uli.-r*. «ho « ere nib- 

uadeb the title "T:.t w-J 




Men Who Have Not En, 
Training Will Return to 
Civil Life 

rlhM three hours after tire oifi 

mm ui hi VfakMwglM todiv i 

nuiitn-e had been aigned with Or- 
i, ru-liiij boititlitie*. tieiieril Caa*r> 



iging of bell* '« 
were able to appreciate in a amalt way 
what took place in Pari* every time 
Boche airmen attempted a raid. 
periun* were able I* aleep through 
He (En of the informal celebration of 
Ii* Brit cflicial announcement ot the 
igning of the armitt.ee. and certainly 
io one waa able te aleep through tbe 
lin .nneuncina the arrival of oVmaa 
iirmen before Pari*. 

A* icon aa tbe Ho. he airmen rroated, 
be Allied loet in k'rantc oa their way 
to the French metropolis life alert iig- 
■ a* sounded in Pari*. Thi* *igna1 
announced by the sounding of 
t of airena atalioned in all part* 
ke'eitv. From tbe time Ibe Br.t 

illy appeared over tbe city about 
r 20 minute* would elapee, giving 
peoeple in opportunity to drea* 
and terk shelter in eell*ra and subway*. 
A* sewn a* ibe airmen would reach 
be city Unit* the antiaircraft bar- 
age would begin. Thi* could be heard 
nile* *way, and the din waa mich ~ 



Mons Captured 
by Canadians as 
HostilitiesCease 

American Heavies by Thou- 
sands Fire Up to Last 
Moment of Hostilities 



Gunners Stand With Watch 
es in Hand Awaiting the 
Beginning of Armistice 



(By A**oeloferl TYeai.) 
London, Nov. ll_Mom, tbe Belgiai 
lowo near where Britiah troop* engaged 
in bitter lighting witkt the German* at 
tae beginning of tbe war, was captured 
early *ihi* morning by Canadian troop* 
uuder General Home, according 
Field .M.Mbal Haig't announcement 



Tribune Gives Greatest 
News of History in Reg- 
ular Edition. 



lodav'* demonatration is 




• ii lea tin w. 


■eould con) 




own bevon. 


tlw city, wh 




•und. Ami t 






is during t 


■*• w 



Crown Prince Rupprecht 
in Flight From Liege 



T... Ilafne. \.m- tl.'-Tcnwn 
Prince ItuppM-cht nf Pa.aria, com- 
mander of the lierman northern 
srniy ;roup, a.id liia stalT have fled 
fi/im Liege, where the "Qtri-iin bas 
revolted. aeeordin( to the Belgian 
n'HSpnper I.ca Nonvelli-*. 



Continuance of Railroad 
Pool Is Held Essential 



■ I _■! r*. 1 

tared on,.- 



•I 



, tn .' 
idem, cancelled all ; 
■ draft call*. 

iltaneoo*ty. Secretary of War | 
announced thai "■ far a" P"e- ' 
.11 men who have l-ce* called and I' 



• ill Ik* mi 

las lit.-, a 



,.i.., 



i--i i 



.\oi 11 -naitr,.*!. «i)l 

. I 
or pro* oliug lur it 



• hanlirtg of a great t 

: two and regard! the 
Ihf po)liu~ of faciliti. 



rnt.l I'*, k li tore 

ginuiu; of a if* 
U drafteea to vat 

rongbnui llie 



hat aa i 

B . ,:t(. .,.!.. 1 MM 



v.tcr e.me Ml tl. 

wrmMl of -.'.-;.- 

.:« I rail. in? e*B!ps 



| World's Greatest Victory 
Declares Lloyd George 



Although Adiut: 
not Ntiiwrl l 
order at noon. 



whu wer 



new ha.) J;* ' h ;" t0TV "' 
1 ^ ou,W lMcp. of hi. n 



ClamftcatjoD Unaffected. 
l- M*«elfU**w order will lie, 
vla*»ificalioa *f the Sept cm l> 



*cle.i by tbe MWtllaiiM an 
»T| I'ontmui* a* ordered, 

■r.lcr mean* the en.) of IV 

- f:u r.* lb* in.luclieii if ng, 

union of itatg and Miuu.*pOl 



Cbwneactau Beceirei Tocb. 



Philip Gibbs 



3*aenb*-. Thrilling rba.se of Boeh* 
by Britiah with band* playing and 
Bag* ft. j lag. Bcacued peopl* *lng 
pra<*« to God. than mab oat to cheer 
victor* •■ they fotge *ne*d> fag* 



Tank ~ -iMgi . 

.lCrr*wr.J };..■ 
With Ijc Amerkaa Armies in France. 
No*. 11— ,10 SO a. a*.)— Heavy artil- 
lery Bring continiod Ihrongh tb* night. 
It waa audible L>3 mile in tbe rear of 

Tie German gua replied, but were 
fairly *motbcrcd by tke Yaak Br*. 

Thi. ,l..).atr-l. w u tied from the front 
just 10 minute* before hoiiilitle* were 
nded. ' 
Shortly "oefora 11 o'clock the Amcri- 
au gunner* atood with wateb in band 
* Ibe aecond* licked •«*>. Thousanile 
if American gun* fired right up to tbe 
la*t, caving the ahelt ease* of the final 



Svv. 



*j>aM 



ral II iacb naval gun* eent their 
tbrli* bunlmg f*r inlo'tbe Ger- 
liaea. 

Itle it known regarding event* at 
■itreme front line*, where tbe raco 
lug in, in Idtl* " fui bolea." 

immandrr started to 






. tan % 



ha wa* interrupted b} 
unaemrnt that another town had 

Bert Flom'Craiy Over Hew*." 
1*1 in a dugout northeait of Ver- 
wFlea Marahal Foeh » order *r 
I at 10:1" ^ captain began tele- 
phoning feverishly to. all the batterie* 
ii hi* aector. Immediately tbe fire be- 
an lo quicken until the fog wat piere- 
d by * veritable abeet of Same, the 
;un flashes melting into one. 

A* lhe raplain flnitbed reading tbe 
rder to each battery faint cheers caaae 

"What do lhe boya think of it!" be 

'••They're maj 1m eragy," aria 

he response. 

Owiug to the diffieulty of eommuni- 
ation [irobably many of tho advanced 
iiiita ( rccei.ed the new* niter 10 
''clock, although tbo officer* worked 
ike beavers lo reach all detachment*. 
Ball* Peal In Verdun. 



•Business Paralyzed by Ec- 
stasy of Men, Women 
and Children. 



At 2 p. n. today every tailor of 
the Dunwoody naval battalion pa- 
raded Nicollet iTuiua, In celebra- 
tion of tb* victory over Germany. 
They wer* back at Tb* Par ad* In 
llmi to receive the army, repre. 
tented by tbe eBtti* command of 
Ma). Bajpb R. Adamt, 5,000 strong, 
with three military bandt, that 
marc bed along Nicollet avenue a 
3 p. in., to Tenth itreet, to Harmon 
plac* and xa Tbe Parad*. wber* 
they war* rrrl*w*d In the laggeat 
military event of ft* kind In the 
history of Minneapolis. 

Victory 'a paean was Bounded today by 
Minneapolis — a gigautic aymphony that 
■ougbt to eipreaa the ineipreaaible,' tbe. 
ioy of war'a end. Bursting forth al- 
most aa tbe bell* rang out the message 
at 2 o'clock, IJe cvcJcne of noise en- 
veloped the city, ■welling, riaiitg, re 
verberatiag. From the fbroat* of thou- 
■•"-■■ .Iftif iff'-" ■!■-- ■' ■— its-a- 
cry that wa* * eomraaaity eon; ol vic- 
tor}- — and it'* sounding yet. 

With every Bbet of it* being, wlUI 

lung, Minneapolis ii celebrating today 
InwrifaJl of •ntoerney, the end of 
tbe world war. 

Trlbaaa OIvm Jfew*. 
Vew* of the signing ol Ibe armistice 
at earried to the peopl* of It inneapo 
s and it* environ* by tbe regular edi- 
nn of Tbe Morning Tribune. Tbe 6r*t 
Bath" of the new*— •' Armiltiee 
tigned"— wa* received *! 1:47 a. at. 
It wa* followed by a brief narrative 
of ailieni fact*, verfring tie "flnah," 
ind after mechanical operation of in- 
redibly few minutes, huge pile* and 
Kindle* of The Morning Tribune went 
orward to newiie* asd carrier*, wilt 
ha actual tell of tbo momcnloui dit- 
pate.be* direct from At*ociated Pres* 
virea (hat bad been continuously 
'open" for hour* to *erve tbe readera 
f The Tribune. 



Civilized Nations 
Strike Dagger From 
the Hand of the Hun 

Conditions Embracing II Specifications, 
Include Withdrawal of Invaders From 
Left Bank of Rhine, Surrender of 160 
Submarines, 50 Destroyers, and 24 Large 
War Craft — Terms of Victory 

The strictly military terms of lhe armisitice between the Al- 
lied national and dermany are embraced in 11 spec ifi cat ions which 
include the evacuation of all invaded territories, the withdrawal of 
the German troops from the left bank of the Rhine and the sur- 
render of all supplies of war. 

The terms also provide for the abandonment by Germany of 
the treaties of Bucharest and Brest Litovsk. 

The naval terms provide for the surrender of 160 submarines, 
50 destroyers, sr battle cruisers, ten battleships, eight light cruis- 
ers and other miscellaneous ships* 

The Allied vessels in German Rands are to be surrendered and 
Germany is to notify neutrals that they are free to trade at once 
on the seas with the Allied countries. , 

Germany in Abject Surrender. 

The terms pictured Germany surrendering abjectly to General 
Foch on the field, her armies beaten, her government overturned, 
and her master in Right. 

A small congress and a small crowd heard the President's 
burning swords, but enthusiasm ran riot. 



■tic* 






OJg 



i.i ceased the bell* 

rriluy hegan pealing. 

duly a few miiiules before 

m B*****. -|.itcfullv fired 

trill ,r,;„ Verdun. A* til. 

tiled on the ttreet*, after . 

aa, aruagbiaf ami sl.outing douphboy* 
poured MM of tbe building*. 

ii flag* were flung from the 
>f Hie mined buildings. Lc- 
whiatlc* screeched. A real 
celebration began. 



tof 



t like wildfire 



Line Leaping Forward 
as Hostilities Cease. 

Ijnidon. Nor, 11.— W|,e„ hctilld 



trawwt, ca*l of Ardeim 
of Muuhcugc, ■ 
t of KoCro. 



I'd 



i-a-M 



• whole fi 
to lhe .V 
ore than ;W 

east of Moa*. 

,gl. Metier*. 

of Montmedy, and 

he lailer place 



line followed ii* 
French frontier to the region < 
Dic.!ol*k*ua*n. where it ero**cd inl 
(lerinans gad continued in praciieall 
a ,'raight line to the junction of tbe 
,] and Bwi n t, bordett. 
la the Halkan. lhe Allies were si 
prrutng th* t.criruuiaj backward. 
, .The Sell- hid"' Wejipinl -Sarajo 
where the world war wat boru, ai 
Scutari. <lt , ,, 

Frontier ot Belgium *" T " 

Reached by French Army. 

rSn*. 'Nov, ll.-Tho Belgun fro 
lier aaat of the forest of Trelon. ca 
nf Aveanca ha* been reached by t. 
French, aecordl**; to Iho wat bffa 
anncuneemtnt lod*v, Jirjiaa (roo 
have enlered the town of Roero., le 



■ Hew* Starts Chimes. 

newt wat Bashed to Minneapolis 

be wire at 1:47 today. At S 



a. Th* arattatif 
Preddent apoke of the war a 
ii*g to aa end . ' ' 

tman troop* an to retire at one 

from *oj territory beld by Ruttin, Ron 

mania and Turkey before the war. 

row Mutt «urt "Loat Provinces." 

Tk* Allied force* are to have aeeel 



■d excitement. Tburedey 'a eel 
was a preface, a rcbrarae! 1 
r morning fete of today 



t litem 



l before drc 

o'clock a 



before 



Every autnmobil 
deered before 3 

ing toward* the eeoter of tbe 
*tage, Nicollet avenue. Everyone in 
night waa grabbed up and carried along. 
Those on the early morning wnfi-b_*t 
Dunwoody inatitut", some busy mak- 
ing lhe d*y '» tuprdv of rues, fled from 
their peats and called a day oil oa tbeir 

Joy la Indescribable. 
No picture could paint, no wordt 
could deecribe the animation, the unre- 
strained delight with which, the offi- 
cial word nf the signing of the armef- 
tiee brought In the city Ion- before 
dawn todav. There wa* no "cold gray 
dawn." Th* d*wn of ■ f » H a»l *H II, 
191B, wu red pol.l— the greatest dawn 
ins in the history of the world For 
it ia.a world celebration, a world vie- 
torv, Miuneapnli* i* one witb'Lon-'nn, 
with Parr**, with lhe soldier* ■ »t lhe 

the world whose heart ha* hern await- 
yip the verdict of tho world'* battle- 
field. 

Three \w fll *l Minr»apolii firemen, 
roused fiom Honiltcra by the blowing 
of whittle* and ringing nf bell*, cath 
ered in the eoort bouae early and bejan 
a eelcl.inlinn, lhe fir.t in the city. 
Police Sand Oat Early 

Tke Police Denartmcnl band, awail 
ing onlv a sicnal to gather, formed i 
*■- -r afle 






the signing of the 

TI.e litemen in a double lioe eiic 
ing tbe entire length of Oe baseni 
nf the court hou»e. *tood »t attenl 
and »*ne "T.ie Star Spangled Ranne 
led hv the Firemen's quartet, 'omr>n«ed 
ef Claude Harris, George Murt, W. J 
O'Rourke and V R. Scott. 

Led pv <~hief of Police Lewi* Hart 
hill and Chief 'William Ringer of th. 
fire department, n parade composed ol 



Stolen Gold Hun Be lUturaW. 
Among the financial term* included 
■<* leatilulion for ilaoia^- done by the 
(rmaa armiet, reitituliou of tbe cut 
i*-. feoro The National bank of Bel- 
um and return of gold lakes from 
ii**ie and Roumaaia. 
"Tbe military term* include the Mr- 
render of 5,000 gnne, half of Held and 
balf of light artillery; », 






i and 2,000 



airplane*. 



ruder of 5,000 locomotives, 
igon*. 10,800 motor lorries, Ibe 

of Aleace- Lorraine for nee by 
■a and store* of eo*/ and iron 

included. 



Tbe immediate repatriation of alt Al- 
ed and American priaoner* without 
teiproeal action by tbe Allien also it 
icluded.' 

In connection with the evacuation 
f the left bank of tbe Rhine it it 
rovided that the Allies shall hold the 
roeeiage •' the river at Coblenr., 
ologn* and Mayenee, togrtber with 
bridgehead* and a 30-fcllomrtor fadiu*. 

Tb* right bank nf .the Bhiueland, that 

■copied by tb* MB**, n lo become 
' rone gad tbe bank held by 



■ tas 



[ evaruited i 
a for Ml d*ya 



la. Tbe 



londitionareapituuitioa of 
reea in East Africa withia 
cue month ta ptovided. 

Carman troopa whicit bat* not left 
the invaded territories specially in- 
clude* Alsace Lorraine within 14 d*;-» 
become pri*ooere of war. 

Ibe repatriation within 14 day* of 
tho thouaaoda of unfortunate civilian* 
deported from franco and Belgium alia 

Freedom of acce** to the Baltic *e* 
with power to occupy Garrpan fort* la 
tbe Kattegat is another provision. Th* 
German* also must reveal location of 
mines, poisoned wells' and like agencies 
of destruction and th« Allied 'blockade 
i* to remain unchanged during tbe pes 



AH porta on the Black t 
Germans are to be turn 
i Russian war 



endcred arid. 
cently taken 
by the tiermin navai inrce* alto are tet 
be aurreadered to tbe Allies. 

These are tbe "high spot*" of tha 
terms as the President 'read them te 
Congress. Germany '* acceptance of 
them, he said, signalized the end of th* 
w»r, breauee it m*de her powerleei to 

The President made it plain that tha 
nntiooa wbicb have overthrown the mil- 
itary msater* of Germany will now at* 
tempt to guide tho German people late- 
ly to tbe family of nation* at 
democracy. 

Beside* the surrender of ISO sub- 
msrinea, it i* required that all other* 
shall hsv* their ereW* paid off, part mat 
of corgrnittion and placed under the *n 
pervuiion of the ^ 



• nd America* 



Wilson Reads Terms 

of Truce to Congress 



«**»> -taeocwlen P»WO 

waahingtow, Nov. 11.— Tbe terms of 
.-• armiatiro, wjth Germany were read 
to Congrsn br''Fr**ident Wilaoo at 1 
thi* afternoon. The President 
> folUwn 

tleaieo, of tbe Coagrcta— In 
nsioua tune* tl rapid and *tu- 
pendoua change it will in *oma degree 
lighten my aenae of re*poa*ibiliiy to 
perform in peraon the duly of coca- 
rating to yon aome of th* larger 
■atanee* of the situation with 
which n it necessary to deal 

"The German authorities who have, 
at the inviiano* of tbe supreme wer 

Marshal Kicb, have accepted and a*ga- 
wbich he waa 



I and i 



Mtta] i 



Military Claims I 



Western Proat. 

follow*: 

*J — i.'i station of operntior,* by land 
and m the air *n hours aite* lb* aig 
nature of tbe armistice. 

" 1— Immediate evaeaatjam ef in- 
vaded eooatrie* — Belgian, Prance, il 
•ace- Lorraine, Lnsimburg — no ordered 
as 'o be completed within 1* day* from 
the signing of the armietiee. Gensau 
tntsM ulii. h bat,- not left tbe *bo»* 
laibiaid territories within tb* period 
flied will I.e. tun. priiunen of war. lie- 
cupation by the- Allied nad United 
Silica forte* jointly will keep pace 
with evacuation in the** area*. All 
mev*men'a of evacuation and oeaupa- 



RepatneUOTt to Be at Oace 
'*; — Hepatrintion begiuantg at onct 
d to be completed within H day* nl 
inbabitasta of tbe eountrlet abovi 
■ntioned. Including boataga* aad, p*r 
n* under trial •* eenvjeted 
" Four — Surrender in good cosJiVtea 



by tbe Germaa annie* of the following ■ 
equipment: Five thousand gun* (J, ."00 

gnm, three thouaaad miaenwaerfer*, 

2,00.1 airpisuias (nghters, bomber*— 
firetly 1> eevinty tbre*'* and nigat 
bombing machine*). Tbe above te ba 
delivered in *itu to th* Aluee end th* 
|tnit*d State* '.toop* in *ceord*»ee with 
tbe detailed condition* laid down iu the 

All:** to Hold *UUa* Cresnnngi- 

atmiea of tbe caiinteie* on the left banlc 
nf the Rhine. These countries on the 
left bank of th* Hhine shall be admin- 
istered by Th* local authorities under 
th* control of the Allied aad United. 
States srmie* of occupation. The ct- 
enpavtion ef these territories will be rla- 
termiaed by Allied and United State, 

E irritant balding the principal eroee- 
g* "of the Rhine. Mivenee, Coble u.-, 
Cologne. logctber with bridgeheads it 
thee* point* in 30 kilometer radio* oe 
the right bank and by garrison- aim., 
lartv holding tb* *trategi.- point* of Lb* 

Xsnttal Zoo* IUea*V*d. 

A neutral tone that: b* rwterirar] oaf 
tbe right of th* Kbiac betweea tb* 
■"— —a ■ ''-- **-wn pavsllsl t*>vU 
athft frwm aj*. 
i to. pvnliat *r 
*■ tieartseabu a 
Mine* of 3i) Irilemvler* from tb* nil 
tbo •H--11. fr*m their :«tallel of - 
ri»« froatier. VvaVuetioa.' by the 
tray of tbe Rain* Und* *ball b* >c 
dered a* to be completed witkia a 
nl.or period of II day), la all 10 day, 
ter tl.* tignatuic of tb* armistice. 
1 *n*v*m*Bi* ef. evacuation *n-l *■>. 
patio* arlll be reapdatad according U 
• note anarted. -j^ 

Mo EvscuMloa of mbabitaots. *" 
"Sf«-In all ttrritury cacuaTtsl Ly 
c enemy there nb*JI be nil *vtunintiun 
lahabjlaatgi a* damage or barn 



40 kilometers 1 
frontier of Hot 

GernabutD aud 



.1 « 



154 



Appknpi: 




orning ftrttomi 



Fifty-second Year. No. tjt. 



Associated Press. 



MINNEAPOLIS, MINN., TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1918 



United Pros. 



Prie* Two Cents in Minneapolis 



Truce Terms Crush Militarism of Germany; 
Allies Celebrate Victory Over Autocracies 



Victory Joy 
Continues to 
Sweep City 

Tired Crowds Carry On as 

Second Peaceful 

Day Dawns. 



Germany Faces Famine; 
American Aid Beseeched 



London, Nov. 11.— Dr Solf, German foreign sec- 
retary, has addressed a message to Secretary of State 
Lansing, requesting that President Wilson (the United 
States) intervene to mitigate "the fearful conditions 
existing in Germany. "' 



At 2 o'clock yesterday morn- 
ing it began. 

At 2 o'clock yesterday after- 
soon it uas increasing. 

At 2 o'clock this morning it 
was diminishing— slightly. 

For more than 24 hours Min- ( 
jieapoiia forgot everything but Q pe KaiseHin£ 
that supreme moment in Ine hi*- h 

ton- of the world when the offi- Reported Shot; One 

cial news arrived that the war ' 
had ended. 

Black BHniow urud. 

liiaektaiog with ite *kouo» (at nioti 
r/ !> earth « surface than any pthrt 

WW id lii •:■>-•; coating in luci, euf 
IMafi *nfrjv and wealth' so dcarly 
that ihe price of alt other wata fade* 
into laiigm Scape*; marking the ml 01 
light upon the scaffold and "roup upon 
ibe tamo., remaking th 



Dr. Solf says, according to a German wireless dispatch recaived here 
today, that h« feeli it hia duty to draw America's attention tu*he fact 
that the enforcement of the condMions of -Ifi* armistice, especially the 
surrender of transports, mean* the starving of millions of persons, and 
requests that the President's influence be directed toward overcoming 
this danger. 



I in<*a otcr nearly the enti 

^lobc an,] tie sorrowing 

lifted their faeaa to the radiant sky in 

a world wide snag of praise and of 

Ihinkagiving. 

"The world is free!" 

Thi* waa the peso heard in the liftcil 
loiecu at the victorious Allied countriel 
; .1.1 this Is the knowledge •bared l>v all 
immanily whir.i will ma'.c Peace Day 
•■ iuti'i national holiday forever, tik 
ing « P**** »l*m all imgle national 
l.olidav. and Handing with New Veal i 
»ax, with Easter Dav and with Ot'—. 

Finked Across City. 
The paw* rMchtd Minnrap*.!., »», 
■■ i.cfoie 2 o'clock yesterday 
-vnbin a ir" niinuirs it »ang across 
th* sleeping i it v from lb 
-aiiiii-, IlindrcJi of wluatlcs look up 
■■!■' Mholnjt DwM*ee and MM it to In 
- ■■• and beyond. 
Minneapolis instantly >*wkp_M full 
• . iliist.'m of iti meaning. Llghn 
-lashed, wlaMai and door> t.pened, 
-eoplc liejiJU pouring inlc tin 



,-oplc Wan 
■ id in let* t 



«H 



nnJ — 
■ 

■ 
Carnival Saartack Pietentcd 
It i- ..1.P.01-J |IU! il»ail*M 

,rnnrf- i--!-..~i rl lb* 

■■.■!.. ■ Ill, and l.» 




Shell Avalanche 
Poured Upon Foe 
In Last Moment 

Americans Watch 

Timepieces Until the 

Zero Hour. 

wall the American Army in the 

Sedan Front. Not. 11— Oermans 

ram a into the American line 

:oday aaid their inlets had 

to retire with ai little delay 

as pcssihle. They added tliat they 

had ex per ted to be back in their 

homes in Germany a week from 



Gerard Urges 
Extradition 
of Wilhelm 

Kaiser Under Indictment 

in British Court for 

Murder. 



Amsterdam, Nov. 11. — It is 
stated on good authority here 
that William Hohenzollern. for- 
mer Gorman emperor, will be 
interned in Holland. 

IMy Jiiocioted Preil.) 

Amsterdam, Nov. II. — Of- 
ficials of the Dutch government 
and the German minister at The ■ 
Hague have gone to Eysden on 
the Dutch frontier to meet the 
former German emperor. The 
Handclsblad says it learns the., 
Dutch government will object 
to the former German emperor : 
residing in Holland. 



Foe Divers Called Together 
to Fight Against Armistice 



London. Nov. 11. — The admiralty has intercepted a Ger- 
man wireless addressed "from the command and soldiers' 
council on the cruiser Strassburg," to "all ships, torpedo boats, 
destroyers and submarines in the North sea." 

The message refers to the terms of the armistice and de- 
clares: 

"This would entail the destruction of us aH.- German com- 
rades '. Defend our country against this unheard of presump- 
tion. Strong English forces are reported ofT the Skaw. All 
submarines in the Baltic, except those on outpost duty, as- 
semble immediately in Sassnitz harbor." 

Sassnilz is a watering place on the east cost of the island 
of Ruegen. Prussia. 



Trial a 



!,rV!r- 



Murderer Urged. 
V *lll(lltX Pnaaj 
■k, , Nov. II.— KTtri'liti.™ 

Holland and hia trial la 
i tilt charge of murder (or 
as been indieted tbera was 
tonight by Jamej W, Ger- 



Germany Shorn of Power; 
Drastic Armistice Terms 
Presented to Congress 

Everything America Fought for Attained 

in Rigorous Conditions Teuton's 

Must Meet. 



Beaten Hun 
Begs Peace 
Upon Knees 

Prussian Arrogance Goes 

Down, Freeing Foe 

Oppressed. 



IVv li|gr.ilM Pr(.,.i 

After more than four years 
of struggling the rights of man- 
kind are served. The greatest 
day in the history of nations 
ha-f dawned. The German mili- 
tarist classes — arrogant beyond 
expression — are in defeat. 

Kaiser and crown prince are ia 
flight, refugees in an alien c mat r . 
Germanic, kings an.) potentates n-i 
longer hold their away. . 

The Allied arms arc triumphant. Ira 
perialiatic,' Germany has met the fate 
| that ultimately must coma to a*t coua- 
> try that seek*, to rnlo the worlri. 
Germany on Bar Knee ; 
Deserted \i\ all her allies, C»r«i^n\ 
on her kneeir is accept ini; li 
lapitulation which tamml rtrtoitl] 
to ahject «urfender. Except for .: 
, tusl ho*tilo military laVfjlH i' 
, great European power, tho amhttina »< 
< ths mjnsr. li of which was \-, .ijmiT :'» 
over all, li ia eomplete defeat. 

Beaten -on the field o( battle, thr- 



Inrajled 

Cefmau 



of the iter* 

inih ..f uja. 
rjmma, 
keen 



iu Lai "kilted SO: ((Jj) Anocalrd Prtti.i 

RouM^rmaUn^ ' Washington. Nov. 11. — Signing of the armistice with Ger- 

•a.tirc world," Mr many was proclaimed today by President Wilson, who also an- 
o*n qtwation wRh nounced its terms at a joint session of Congress. 

The terms herald the end of the war because they take from 



a* tbev advanced 
Moselle i.- : i 

Id An a afced after the ttiatdMH 
trm» for thr t«»tBti*«i ../ r.L>«tilitir:» 

Hot one «UI lew . iacl in t 
■.port sms nihii> arera t 1 ■ 
tillcrymen Whind II i 
awaited tn tie aaeajul 'he time for 
railing olT nf ilie fijhling and thi 



Armistice Terms 

"Greatest Drama's 
Closing Chapter 



Germany the power to renew it. 



i a proclamation 
lor.- I mii.trvmcn 
lined 



ifhtiu ai 

buhJ*— a t 



apital,* 1 

Peace Parley 
Preparations 
to Come Next 



?nnte EiUl Attempts Life 

t»Y .1; 

1 1.— Mjnv scmalion.ii 

mil ef the i-c»< el tuc »i;nina of the 
the effcet that 
in.-,. t:i^l I'tr-.If nek. the second inn 
i .' WiHiam li. »ji Mi 

■ ■ , ■ .1. Mid li at tin- tat 



■ 
, ,i.i .....| 11>:.i,r|.in .-.%,■ 



rifll 






MU ( 



•-IrdraKs mat d*n li a. 

-irelet.lv a* sir n?ktv ■ 

-a. ket iHfk tide ..( p, 

'■ . 1-i.pod. U 



■ 

■ 



British Battleship 

Torpedoed and Sunk 



i... 



n^— The 



■ 



,;*!, 



Piraati Appear QuKkly 
Ik* Ueatrninf JIh nf ioioii>ur 
i ftl kit) tl.e 
> nr !«■ ia Hie Ja« pan I 

iii-ir, mart* np of ll.r MtiiN rmk- 
■ ■ and >li-i- 

"" <C««rtn»»an n F>t« 4,"caiTT, 



iiiia ».i« tdrpcdneil 
tl.e w.it larrauee tu I 
tiibrsli:ir, \gienilnr 0. nod taul- 3' 
later, ircordinj to >u Artarii 
|MIC|]ll. Tltirn 



I.NSP 



1 M.iss Meeting at 
Institute Tonight 

i A civic niw neetiuc to 'fleorate 
; it* eeraini of world peace will be 
held in front of the Minneapolis In 
I itltuU Of Arts it T VI y m today 
Jobn Irosbf. rkalrnan of th* eoai 
*aitt*« on arrsBiaoieai*. *1U pie. 
"4« De Ji>nn E rreemin. Dr 
1, E Ijibjie!!. Or H P Dcwr/ 
Or Charles We- ley Burni Or L A 

Orniaa nd Dr m d Bhmie, wiu 
lak (utt in the rMTti , 4* A nuJi- 
tirv band wui play National airs 
EvtryoM la taqnested to nriaf in 
AaaerKan Brf 



Drys Lead by 15,482; 
Wets Claiming Victory 



ii [■!. i met. inlanlia * 

imrndtnent 
nieht (too.1 at l-:i' I 

■ 

mMi < ■ bd ;. but . <■ 

■d » total voN', the dr.a have I 

irtrj «r tOjttX tka i.rokimiioD 
■ iectinni on 3 iirrov 

.t ...i tl.'it th" »i'' Vin 



EoOMTelt Ooes la Katpitsl 

N V . N' . Il.-.\ft. 

.!->• fn.ii, U lit* !. of Killirt, Colo*. 



Armistice Will Not Lower 
Food Prices, Says Hoover 



•Oonpta* of food pTtera 

ike .0WT1U.M. «f a* an 

lood AwJBM 

■ 
ll -kile ike k 



' 



Wtathet Forte 



MIMNEBOTA WtATIIER F.l, 
coci r tliii afternoon and nutit 



" ' | ■'■ ft.- |. in ,.i M«N 

- - lasmf d..il •- 1 HHHiiie, fan, inrtei.e,.hut oil-... kill 

■ a result ... 
■ti" .an.: - 

i - 1 ... -ill 
'•• i,t "hul, I- ataiial.tr. li» n ,nii.|. oe ike I'ailH 

■ 
•"'• *M .ii ),. ■ 

•M ' P**| a.lmini. 

will oirr, i ,.,.... ,„■ | „,„,,, tbfou^i, ,,„ 

•"'' * ■' ■■' tft*tnrr, wko 

1 '" '■"■'' ■ Mifftrfca., 

■ "™ " mt.-nnaei ■• •'■r ewharfo," 

■ 
i 



I,.- 






»1 thr »-.d. ,( t |,. 
I- -.ra... •• ihf r ,i, f i ,,,1^ 



^farJhal 

i£ rrpurm at lutinns Tnnijjkl f rem 
aendt) ' " 

' ■ Al the i.«salinn it hcnitlilirs this 
n.nrniBg w. Lad na.i.e.l !he general 
In..- r.f th. ff.-iwi.. It. Ijian fruntier, 
MM of Arvaari, Jawont.'Htrry, four 
miles t s,t uf Mods, Uhtavrn, Lr-sinci 
and Ctaiimoa! " 

Yanki Stake Out Line 

<a y 4—twia /•-.. . . 

With Ur Aate-jena \tmr m Franec, 
Xn*. ll. -The ii,„. r .. ■ 

.11 II n'elock todar 
tens licin^ s'nke.1 out Ihit atlrrnooti. ' 
■ bnrurl a i.k ihethj int 



\...| 



Vl v ,l. 



lUUaos Eeub Brenner rasa. 

II — The llDl.au arm.ei 
havo naehej Hrrinir pat. ,n tl,.- T_v 
rol. the ttir oflu e announecl todty. 

In the battles rati n h 
period from October ".'I In November 
\ the Italian* toiA 4Ji;.7n prisoner*. 
Tl.cv alt. 

Bebnaat Froottfr Keaeked 

Parn, .\o. II— Tl.e li. ijii.iti i mil 

tier east of tin. forest o( Trelon, ess 

•ii AvfnMi hat bfjtn rtMhri Of ih' 

! tae mar oSiei 



o-lat ItaKatl 

' .itn uf Tt,«roi 
■ 
Mom Betake* Before End 



ll.-Muni, the Belgian 
i«»n near where Krilish troopi engai-ed 
HMter fichtiux trltk ' 
..e-^jj'"* 1 "* o' 'he "at. ««. captured 

■ by Cunirlmn troopi 

*ler 0**er»l Howe, aetordins le 
- ■ 



Cheers ot Americans 
Accompany Last Shots 



■ i 



ii. 



[■tend like 

M....II- f 
fioa to tke tea.on ot -. 

lea* ami tr, rarloM l.eaji|u«rte 

• t-auwd I 

< to ill' i-ion Bad re^ 

t an. I NaJr* i".tn mnuth la *'.ui 

he i,»i t in 'in i if Ha* - h an 

. P-.e (nr dSj 

wntM ■' 






*H , 



joi'iac 

Th"f 



»e nm m il.t frot.t 
tmlie'.l to belieie ike 

•iitnlfti: of tl.e am 

1 hm ii,, i. wnj t , 



,-!- 



iDtartatttrot Flrlnf 

■ 
teirtitie»l .. ■ 

eseh ..(I er that Ih,' o, 
ajjl he. 

ih mphtfUl • 

■ 



aamiar. 

Pt .p no I 



Ike fJUra | 



■-., yt unfurled 



Revealed Before 

Congress. 

By George T Autluor. 
HaaWautttw, Kanr, ii.-.\i:.. r,. i . 

pjrpaae in eatfVflaM ihe great World war, 

her ptidc in tt rial MU lie. n aeeomplnli»d 

,U'itioi. uf Cat creat 

rvenls tbnt have been accomplished 

irere draniatt/c.t today when President 

Wilson informed f.'ongi 

it the German armisti 

The »eenc which was aisled heie to- 

■Wwa in the story of th( 

country a> one of tliii must inomenlom 

g«»hetiogi in ill hitlorv 

Wnii, thrro ires* ihevt only H or* 

b*m Pt Courcai pritenl. owini( to the 
(set most of them ate out of Ihe eity, 
Ihe rlnmlHi ilieif 11. I here— the eham. 
In c ■rkteh teealls tome o( the great 
■.ran Imlory ml the 
*nmo ball ill wtiu It Ml* a -oniparatr 
ly shojt time aKo Amem-a declared tl 
, ,... nj i.ar .'Titled between tlir i 
i,. r.n! (.iTiTian go' 



morning Kverything for »l 
ica fought has been .leeompllihed. 
■•ill now be oar fortunate Jut* to as- 
sist or malpll. by •*.»;, friendly 
counsel and bj material ail ia th' *t> 
taiilinhmen' of deiroeraey thrftUUfhout 
the world." 

Oensaoy Before Court 
PP* 

tile, 
world'i court •Cjastlta, hating tab 
scribed to terms of m, rend-r.. wttsel i 

prohihiy will -jo recofded ID h»tory *. Statesmen While Ar- 

the moat drastic and complete 
measured out in * del 

Reading of the full teat of the 
discloses meaai 



that the (terman armies shall 
iDto their homeland from all 
territory. Impotent as tho 
arms will be, so impotent 
the German fleet. The colonies as* 
lost and tho kand that nought to r**rh 
out and attain additional territory h 
withered br the ruline; of the )*upreB..- 
War council at Versa i lie*. 

Restitution la Promised 
Reparation »nJ> restitution, in fart 
full eompeasntkin of an Bad ii la 
bo made by Germany frie all th" di- 
aster that ha* follow! ket an • 
and those of her allies l&rrBfaaad l 

Dafeat May Prore Bleaalni. 
For Germany a* a na'i 



L-: ;: 



■ ■ 



Topic Will Engrots 
itatesmen While A 
mUtice Is in Effect 



defeat nar no 1 
long run of disadvantage. The rtvn 
tiona throughout tho country are ' ■ 
ing toward democrat i/atiuii whi,-'i n, 
prove tho solvation of a eounfrt nc 
controlled by srar loirl" 

Fighting on the 3atil« fronts end 
at d o'clock Mjn.lav morning. Eaatt 
tine in the United States. The mm 
•if the AlSai force* at that rial*— ei 
to th« aeeond— were hard h< 

Tho Brltiah troops Were li, 



-h 






i Bo 



.'ltd.' 



;rc at )m 

...piLh., 



■per. at C-r 
r wi ernme.it at 
on.- of America 
■ttal fa* Ml is 



t if the retult of a ma,- 

!',.• ,md Ihrouet hate come t"U>- 
■g .Inwn. t,.itm»; dyrastiea hntc 
ii MM* pad, mi] tt, c itaomal* of an 
an) in tl,:. dnt- of po. 

I \i ataaed iu *x> 



Itral 



t%« 



at today eunlrislel 
w.neh witnu.ed the reading tif 
astaaauM to <:»ngre*i. 
114 lac icaaaralloa ihat o ita<e of 

• sille.t. Thin the floor of Ihe 



Atmo*pb*re ot Enthusiasm 

. an l| rnihuiutrr. la 
■hat Im hlttari 

'.nibl auj naiiiral mogiving concern 
nr so great on ajalvMlan 



racra mi 

the .lecomplislim-nt 



,n.l flat 

: ■ ■ ■ 

■.li'll' Will, ll 

■a nas ineuet'.l, a reali/atioti 

appeared m rurb cm tie Pre. 
u.ual lilcisf* Mile 

: IJ , that* m 



nf "he t, 



and Ifca Allie.i fovernment* hate taken 
10 guarantee that German v 'n accept- 
ance shall not 1": a scrap of uaper and 
to Insure* the dettruetioo orth«> mili- 
tary cast- which oncf rouhl aacr«tt* 
and nt Iti ataxic eU 
peace of the ansrld 

Hjrainity't Tank Kaxt 

rta*tag Kftad the yoke of militarism 

from the paiylii of Uja Cawaral cm. 

pirn the Mtiaa now torn '■> taaka of 

Immanity in. I m.rev to tiind up their 

feed the' hungry, meanwhile 

•••ekiaj \n lul.le iheai to a place ia 

•n which they 

can take a part m a«*uriag that an- 

oihf phI l»5O0 Jew at bi«.l and bjr- 



Evi 



wrti. 

tepara 



hi 



I'll!' 



armistice. 
What Oartaaas Agrs* to Do. 

Heie are the prin,-ipil thing* Cer- 
poweileis l.'fi.re the 



I rartam AJlja, 

■ 
.Oframe. Bclgtar*, Laai 

nd Hjuminn without 
ruction or barm to inLatn 



(!!■• Atwidttd Prttt,} 
Washington, Nor I J. — Pr-paratiou, 
for final fetta negotiations will cngrnsa 
American ami Allied statesmen the 
neit few week, while Marshal Fwh and 
tho natal commanders *ec to it that Ihe 
term* of armistice which ended the 
ngeting today are. earned out. 

Tbirty days la t.i* armiaii.e period. 
and amce it har.lly will be possible lo 
assemble th* greatest ponce coafereaee 
In history within that time, an cite*' 
■ion practically is certain 10 h* grant 
ed iiy tkc rittaa an*1 m 
i anijuisheJ. 

Plans Are Unsettled 
What happens in Germany in what 
enco was Au.tria Hungary and 10 III 
sM during ths meinlinie prul'ably w 
|*Yera the aalaUaa ot mauy o*f t 
rakflM prdLlrmi aw.illinj the coaf, 

■■ 



Itium. Th*/ Frtarh bad a 

tho German* ffom nocrbern l-t,i-. 

The American* ahara drii 

up th* kfauie and Haattta naari 

threatening the roeinv ■ 

tion b* eut-ejopment. 

Oarasany .. *tiii dom ; n*t*j «* 
th* let'itujlotinta. but reportt ludt-ate 
ihat the. laKlattlta ar* ra; ,.11.. m- 
•limine control of Ihe gm r'nawia' 
four tion*. Fourteen oot of J« 



■i '*u aud i 
Allied truop* of all the eountrie* on the j 
west bank *f th- Rata* 

.Meanni.ii,., n i gaaraatf of good 

i :- rpattiO* by Ajttenean and 

Tubleaa and 

(."lOgne, Ih, | ■ . 

l;hine, with a .to ktlomeier radius about 
■ 
On IV raai 
Itoopa a.e tj ho Jjraana frata i-triturs 



lie eelcb.at.oii of the 

win Nrpiitarawn anrreader, Ilia offiriala loday 

I were uawrHing lo eirn diseuss for pub- 

of Al»ae» lieat.on Lie neit atapa to be taken Is 

bar*, Rutt.a. .e.'ura, ihe frun. uf nctorv and make 

— dei i future wars, at least on so vast a scale, 



' — war had I 



, v , a known. 
■Ml "tlersnecs of Prrndei 
V.ilt.m and Ihe premiers snd publi 
men of the Allied countries all hav 
*tu,l^c,| by Ihose who 



Rtaata , 

W.-.r Machma Must Disaraa. ' 

'■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 



tt he h*...|-.[ u v P r; 



l-v 1,,. a. 

■ 



and enginei of < 

Aoarrieaii «n I a|[.«d ptlson«(* are to 
■ 
■ ■ 
cut-, and tk»ui*iMJ4 ui *rtuM 
irflsaa* dragpwd ..T inta alaier* from 
. .. 



.-!,., 



„■[. ,|„., 



nee, '! nat p« 
an end " 

, ■ «rtaag>l ' 



mu.l plan laa mil ttaf, 

lim* or ano(her*iho 
luu, I,.,, I u)-on oearlv 

aa rl* in. lud'rd in the 

Tim i. particularly true of President 
Wilson's declaration, whirl, represent 
am aaly t.,,- idea* of the Ameneau go* 
eniment, but fmm fbalf almo*l Uo 
nualtaed acceptance by Ika Allied pnw 
cr», may be regarded a* already eoniti 
tat*a*J the frame wmk wbich i«n be 
■ m-.-i —tr. M 

r.iund out i. romplele fabric of peace 

Much Planning In Ad fane a. 
This framentirk iu all probability, 
■nil in put into final shape b' duvua- 
tioaa among Ihe eh, t f, ni th,- t u Mr, 
mi paantra kaaaj bcfnrr tho repreaenla 
Uvea ot the vaaeajfatapj. pre ,*iiej it. 
asoaHSctlaM af 
illelalad la th^m. 
■ 



rrH . 






added 



:- 



Black DtMster lot roe 

■■■■i-i.'. ..ich M the 
■ i,.,im.i p|p prcta but vculcrtlsr 

ambilions kagilll 



,|..i 
Th.te wa> a 

■ 
li 

ItattM thing , 



I tSaUaa i 

bad pi 'i*i 



(Continued on Pi<* it. tol. Ll 



(Oia rk aa m pa Pag. j, Col kj 



The War in Brief 

■OaaT t**>*' 

"I'll «'-.nd iiu soasaeaa ftam th* 
United S'i 

'■r*r**«tt«. ** at* bar* " 
To btU with Ih* Kaiaaa " 



' pr..patcl. Ihe aallow 
r*1 pi't n> i 
i*d a ho* 

Itlcd tu grealetl weight prep*. 

■ , - 

it* art , ivati i J. 
Aaaanoa Is ' , or«*a*d»4 
The America* goteraasent i.i 
preparing 



•rkli 



. Fur mor 
work a 



than 



l,...|y 



rlodipg l.ui.ir.**". dipln 
national iWirr- and I 



e empire have bacn * 
followjaw the rai 
: Kiel. The rl ■■ 



,t>f* 
e-l bt Ihe 
ng of ih* 



and tho Socialist* era planamg saopei 
Jtmg in formation of a IttMMpVen- 
ment. With rtfaSbHtl *cl up I* Pai.im. 
Uailcn. aVitrti .ni lira. fatvnn.i aid 

Sehlciwii: Hul'le.n, the a.i.-u: - 
pear lo be .Infting toward. | ■ 



Th- 

Fredcrick Eb. rl 
maker, who h ni 

skip. P.inc* Matimilian of Bad 
former chancellor, waa a mete 
figure aa aelf appuint 



tckv w*. itlH rUt 

af/Germany. The f«n-o ia 









Pot: 



a lib 
Potsdam Fall* to msoli*. 

aa*, ihe hew I tl 

nj Dolwrr'T *n r.- M ll 

k)1.|icm Crt*-. 



DusscMnrf. Mulkeim 
w. re hcl 1 hy tei otut, 

rnnnt Krupp von Bi 
and bi. arid 
ead* of 

Man I 

kaiser an, 



parti 



r pr.neo 
mded. 
All pictures of tho form. 

om public places. Parti 
Hindrnburg, h*wgver, 



roodi 

Ukal AnartgLtr until 
' Ihe *lTO*g**t *upport- r 

■- atatat 



■ 

i wurk, M F.s- 

nf the fo-aicr 
rra aald to aa 

a w*» rep.j-r*-; 






"urhmen and eoldiert, 
hinp K undeli Ihe 1 . 

Flag" 
The food situation wai beeoain.- 
*•'« ia Berlin and big j^pola' |,,n .- , 
r* ou arcou.'t ol the gpaernj ••■ - ■ 
Nicb had tied up Ih" ml t,i ills an] 
brr in.lu.i'i. ■ 



•-i;.,t i 



ad i 



(Contmuea aa fag* J, CoU i ) 



ihl be Matlla* C»»a*r. 
gtr of th» Cat had k parliaa, Flu* ,: **• 

nd It.rr ,,. a Rfcbtoff The.- -n-n 



Socialists Urpe Republic 
Government for Germany. 
M>d pre** • 
rVnatfi III I*! 11 --Pniiii. aeitho-. 

■■ ' 



Appendix 



155 



vmtf\ 




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GERMAN ENTRY I9I4«C 
COBLENZ • 



BATTLEFIELDS 

OF 

WESTERN FRONT 

BELGIUM 6ND FRANCE 



C* k ACHAUMONT 



Us ls.ure«* 



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156 



Appendix 



KAISER FLEES GERMANY 

ggBMBBB 

ARMISTICE COURllR^^Mg'KSD 

REACHES !& A ?ESSs SEIzfiBERUNf 
^^^SS-^ ASSISTED BY GARRISON 



SOLDIERS JOIN PEOPLE ! 
AS REDS HOLD BERLIN 



fj THE V^t ^. [SOUVENIR 



^SsSYfll ARMY 
ggSg STARTS DRIVE 
susses IN LORRAINE 












§3 ARMISTICE TERMS STRIPS 
GERMANY OF EVERY POWER 
ON LAND, SEA AND IN AIR 
~s: POPE'S LETTER 

;T7J~... PAMGCC A D|H 

KRUPPS THROWN IN JAIL ccaic ATinii 

„„„„„„„„„„ REDS TAKE GUN WORKS OtNoAllUN 

. POLES FORM REPUBLIC 

SrJrSTs: IS UNNOUNCEMENT .=r-.T-~^-.:^ -™i-££S 






:■;--. -± ■«=■.- 



DENVER POST WAR 



EXTRA 



WAR IS OVER 



GERMANY 
SURRENDE&S 

ACCEPTS ARMISTICE TERMS 

OFFICIALLY AN NOUNCED A T WASHINGTON 

CIVILIZATION TRIUMPHS OVER BARBARISM 
WHEN BERLIN CAPITULATES PRACTICALLY 

UNCONDITIONALLY TO THE U. S. AND ENTENTE 

Washington, Nov. 11.— Germany has capitulated. With her allies admittedly 
defeated, her own armies in retreat, her borders in danger of invasion and the 
empire in the throes of revolution, Berlin has agreed to accept the armistice 
terms of the entente allies. This means German unconditional surrender. The 
announcement of Germany's acceptance of the conditions handed her envoys 
by General Foch was made here officially. 




i jf 
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OVERSFUS EDITION 

IVlumi* St 

THE flfl" DIVISION 



VOLUMtlNOU Si NAZAIRE CAMP, SATURDAY. 17 MAY. 1919 PRICE : 90 CENTIMES 

OCEAN BREEZES WILL SOON BRUSH CHEEKS OF 88TH YANKS 

n l.lm Ion Sail* From 
SI. mammlrm Within 
Loom Ihmn Fortnight 



CEN PERSHINC 

FRAISBWOKX 

OF THE SSTH 



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Appendix 



157 



Songs of the Day, 1914-19 



'N EVERYTHING 

We've got a mess that soaks us .beaucoup francs 

For everything. 
Our mess bill's big- enough to bust three banks 

'N everything. 
And though we dig down in our jeans 
All we ever get is beans, 
For food that's fancy, we go to Nancy, 
(For food and also other things.) 
We've got a cook that should be walking guard 

'N everything. 
I think he boils his pies in Q. M. lard 

'N everything. 
And if I ever break away 
I'm going to gorge myself each day 
On porterhouse and apple pie with real ice cream 

'N everything 

We've got a dinky stove that smokes and smokes, 

'N everything. 
We've got a guy that snores (I hope he chokes) 

'N everything. 
Y'oughta hear us cough and sneeze 
When the walls let in the breeze. 
Most any hour an icy shower, 
Drips on our bunks 

'N everything. 
We've got a floor that's full of cracks and nails 

'N everything. 
We've got a mascot pup that howls and wails 

'N everything. 
And if I ever leave this life, 
I'm going straight home to my wife. 
Where we'll have a lot of heat and rugs and tubs 

'N everything. 



'N Everything 
Bud de Sylvia, Gus Kahn and Al Jolson 

She's got a pair of eyes that speak of love 'n' 

Everything — 
She's got a smile like angels up above 'n' 
Everything — 
The little birdies start to sing — 
When they see her they think it's Spring. 
Like April showers 
She makes the flowers 
Just seem to grow and Everything! 
She's got the cutest little dimpled hand 'n' 

Everything — 
A pretty finger for a wedding band 'n' 
Everything — • 
And if she'll be my little wife 
We'll lead the simple life. 
And we'll raise a lot of ducks and cows and geese and 
Everything! 



George Asaf 



PACK UP YOUR TROIBUJS 

(G) 



Felix Powell 



Private Perks went a-marching into Flanders 

With his smile, his funny smile. 
He was loved by all the privates and commanders, 

For his smile, his funny smile. 
When a throng of Boches came along 

With a mighty swing. 
Perks yelled out "This little bunch is mine!" 
Keep your heads down boys and sing, HI! 

Refrain 
Pack up your troubles in your old kit bag 

And smile, smile, smile. 
While you've a lucifer to light your fag. 

Smile, boys, that's the style. 

What's the use of worrying? 

It never was worth while, so 
Pack up your troubles in your old kit bag 

And smile, smile, smile! 

(Copyright Francis Day, London) 
(Refrain sung by the girls at home) 
Raise vegetables in your own back yard 
And smile, smile, smile, 
Take up your spade and hoe 
And work right hard. 
You'll then be quite in style. 
What's the use of worrying 
It never is worth while; 

So raise vegetables in your own back yard 
And Smile, Smile, Smile! 



Jack Judge 



TIPPERARY 

(Bb) 



Harry Williams 



It's a long way to Tipperary 

It's a long way to go; 

It's a long way to Tipperary, 

To the sweetest girl I know! 

Good-bye, Piccadilly. 

Farewell, Leicester Square. 

It's a long, long way to Tipperary, 

But my heart's right there! 

(Permission Feldman, London) 

ITS A LONG WAY TO MERLIN, BUT WE'LL GET THERE! 

Arthur Fields Leon Flatow 

It's a long way to Berlin, but we'll get there 

Uncle Sam will show the way. 
Over the line, then across the Rhine, 

Shouting Hip! Hip! Hooray! 
We'll sing Yankee Doodle "Under the Linden" 

With some real live Yankee Pep! Hep! 
It's a long way to Berlin, but we'll get there, 

And I'm on my way, by heck — by heck. 



GOOD-BYE BROADWAY, HELLO FRANCE! 

C. Francis Reisner and Benny Davis Billy Baskette 

Good-bye Broadway, Hello France, 

We're ten million strong. 
Good-bye sweethearts, wives and mothers, 

It won't take us long. 
Don't you worry while we're there, 
It's for you we're fighting too. 

So Good-bye Broadway, Hello France, 

We're going to square our debt to you. 



over tii erf:: 



George M. Cohen 
Over There, Over There! 
Send the word. Send the word 
Over There 
That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming. 
The drums rum-tumming everywhere. 

So prepare. Say a prayer. 
Send the word. Send the word 

To ibeware! 
We'll be over, we're coming over, 
And we won't be back till it's over. Over There! 



some\vhf:rk in france 



Philander Johnson 



(D) 



Joseph E. Howard 



Somewhere in France is the Lily 
Close by the English Rose: 
A Thistle so keen, and a Shamrock green, 
And each loyal fiow'r that grows. 
Somewhere in France is a sweetheart, 

Facing the battle's chance, _ - . ' »„»«, 

For the fiow'r of our youth fights for freedom and truth 
Somewhere in France. 

(Copyright Witmark, New York) 



Edgar Leslie 



AMERICA I LOVE YOU 

(C) 



Archie Gottler 



America. I love you. 

You're like a sweetheart of mine, 

From ocean to ocean, 

For you my devotion 

Is touching each bound'ry line, 

Just like a little baby 

Climbing its mother's knee, 

America. I love you, 

And there's a hundred million others like me. 



LONG BOY. 



William Herschel 

Good-by Ma! Good-by Pa! 
Good-by Mule, with yer old hee-haw! 

I may not know what the war's about. 
But you bet, bv gosh, I'll soon find out. 

An', O my sweetheart, don't you fear, 
I'll bring you a king for a souvenir; 

I'll git you a Turk, an' a Kaiser, too, 
An' that's about all one feller could do! 



Barclay Walker 



GOOD MORNING MR. ZIP! ZIP! ZIP! 

Robert Lloyd 
Army Song Leader 

Good morning, Mister Zip-Zip-Zip, 
With your hair cut just as short as mine, 

Good morning. Mister Zip-Zip-Zip, 
You're surely looking fine! 

Ashes to ashes, and dust to dust. 
If the Camels don't get you, the Fatimas must, 

Good morning, Mister Zip-Zip-Zip, 
With your hair cut just as short as, 

Your hair cut just as short as, 
Your hair cut just as short as mine. 



BULLY BEEF' SONG. 

(From 175th Infantry Brigade Show) 

You've heard many songs about the boys overe here. 

Your Broadway hit tells of heroes bold. 

But here's one from us boys on the line. 

The thought »f you who remain at home is 

Where is my boy to-night? 

Chorus: 

Bully Beef, Bully Beef, 
The guy that canned that stuff was sure a thief, 

We left our hearts and home 

Beyond the briny foam. 
But why. Oh. why, feed us Bully Beef! 

We like to fight the Hun, 
■ We've put him on the run. 
We even made him can his chief. 

We seldom make a fuss. 

But is it really fair to us 
To feed us, feed us "Par Bon" Bully Beef? 
Bread isn't bad when it's nine day old. 
And prunes will just get by. 
Corn's not bad when it's served in a pinch 
And from bacon we do not shy. 

Even goldfish and raisins go down with a gulp 
As we carry on this fight. 



158 



Appendix 



KBBP THE HOME FIRES BURNIXi 

Lena Guilbert Ford (P) Ivor Novello 

Tiny were summoned from the hillside. 
Tin y wore called in from the glen, 
And the Country found them ready 
At the stirring call for men. 
Let no tears add to their hardship, 
As the Soldiers pass along, 
And although your heart is breaking. 
Make it sing this cheery song. 

Keep the Home-fires burning. 
While your hearts are yearning, 
Though your lads are far away 
They dream of Home; 
There's a silver lining 
Through the dark cloud shining. 
Turn the dark cloud inside out, 
Till the boys come Home. 

Over seas there came a pleading, 
"Help a Nation in distress?" 
And we gave our glorious laddies; 
Honour bade us do no less. 
For no gallant Son of Britain 
To a foreign yoke shall bend. 
And no Englishman is silent 
To the sacred call of Friend. 
(Permission Ascherberg Hopwood and Crew. London) 



I WANXA GO HOME 
The Observer'* Lament 

I want to go home, 

I want to go home, 
The Pfaltzes, they murder. 

The Fokkers they kill. 
If the Rumplers don't get you the 
Albatross will. 

Take me over the sea 
Where the Huns can't get after me, 

Oh my, I'm too young to die. 

I want to go home, 
I want to go home, 

I want to go home. 

The gas tank is leaking. 

The motor is dead, 
The pilot is trying to stand on his In ad. 

I don't want to fly upside down 
I wish I were safe on the ground, 

Oh my, I'm too young to die, 
I want to go home. 



DARLING, I AM COMING BACK 

Darling, I am coming back — silver 

threads among the black — 
Now that peace in Europe hears I'll be 

home in seven years. 
I'll drop in on you some night, with my 

whiskers long and white, 
Home again with you once more — say 

by nineteen twenty four. 

Once I thought by now I'd be sailing 

back across the sea, 
Back to where you sit and pine — but I'm 

heading for the Rhine. 
You can hear the M. P.'s curse. "War 

is hell, but Peace is worse." 
When the next war comes — oh, well — 

I'll rush in, I will like hell. 



I WANT TO GO BACK TO MICHIGAN 

Irving Berlin 

I want to go back. I want to go back, 

1 want to go back to the farm. 

Far away from harm, 

With a milk pail on my arm; 

I miss the rooster, 

The one that useter 

Wake me up at four A. M. 

I think your great big city's very pretty, 

Nevertheless I want to be there, 

I want to see there 

A certain some one full of charm 

That's why I wish again 

That I was in Michigan, 

Down on the farm. 

(Permission 



Feldman. London) 



Alfred Bryan 



JOAN OK ARC 
(G) 



Jack Wells 



BON SOIR 

"Bon soir, mademoiselle. 

Comment allez-vous?" 
"Mol. je suis tres bien, monsieur, 

Comment allez-vous?" 
"Voulez-vous prom'ner avec moi?" 

"Certainement, m'sieur." 
"Treize beans, mademoiselle, 

Where do we go from here?" 



Joan of Arc, Joan of Arc, 

Do your eyes, from the skies, see the foe? 

Don't you see the drooping Fleur-de-Lis? 

Can't you hear the tears of Normandy? 

Joan of Arc, Joan of Arc, 

Let your spirit guide us through; 

Come, lead your France to victory, 

Joan of Arc, they're calling you. 

(Copyright Waterson, Berlin and Snyder. N. 



Y.) 



Some A. E. F. Verse 



WHY WASTE WORDS! 

"And so you learned French thoroughly while over there, 
son?'' said the proud father of the returned soldier. 

"Sure! I got so I could say 'Hello' and 'Good-night' and 
order ham and eggs, and I could ask a fellow to lend me 
money and tell a girl I loved her hetter'n anything, and that's 
all a fellow needs in any language." 

"IE PKINTKMI'S EST ICI»' 

Spring is here all right. 

'Cause all the French girls are wearin' their straw hats an' 
their flimsy shirtwaists; 

An' yesterday a guy paid us five francs that we never ex- 
pected to see again ; 

An' another gimmick offered to buy a drink, but we were 
all so surprised that he got out 'fore we could say "cognac." 

An' all the French girls arc wearin' their straw hats and 
their — Oh — yea, we said that once. 

Well, there's a husted window, whal ain't paid for yet. in 
back of the hall field. 

An' a hunch of the fellows 'a' got sore arms and are 
limpin' a little. 

An' the sun's out a lot more, an' everybody's smilin' even 
though mail is few. 

An' snorin' in some o' the classes is loudcr'n ever. 

An' all the French girls are wearin' — 

Well, you get us ! 

Spring is came, an' that's all there is to it. — Lorraine Sen- 
tinel (Students, University of Nancy). 



LAMENT OF THE SIX-THIRDS 

Sometimes I wisli I was hack as a buck again. 

Just a plain rear-rank- Yank all outa luck again, 

Hobnails and wraps and my shoulder straps bare, 

All very fine, "place reserved for the officers" 

"Quel vin, messieurs?" and "Liqueur with your coffee, sirs.- 

Any real guy would be glad to pull off his spurs 

Meet his old buddies and say, "Put her there !" 

It isn't that we can"t get by with the best of them, 

Most are good scouts — but you know the rest of them — 

Colonel or buck, if he's square why, who cares? 

True the Sam Browne makes a hit with the petticoat. 

But it costs him four times when he pauses to wet his throat 

Any real guy will admit it will yet his goat 

Playing him loose for the trinkets he wears. 

Course we are proud for the sake of the folks at borne, 
(They aren't familiar with all the rough jokes at home 
Poked at the shavetails in every fresh crop.) 
So sometimes 1 wish I was back in the ranks again, 
Roughing it, bluffing it, for nobody's thanks ai>ain. 
One of the hell-may-care two million Yanks again, 
Friends with the world and me sitt'ng on tup! 



Private- X says that, roughly speaking, one soldier out of 
a hundred is in the guardhouse. Roughly speaking is what does 
it. — Gandy Dancer ( 14th Company, Transportation Corps, 14th 
Grand Division). 



si gG'KstIon I'lill COLLEGE YELL 

Avez-vous dtt tabac? 
Avez-vous dn tabac? 

Donnez-moi ! 

Donnei-moi ! 
RF.XXFS! 

As You Were (Students. University of Rennes). 



Appendix 



159 



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Appendix 



161 



Members of School Party 



Following is a complete list of officers and enlisted men who made up the school detachment of the advance party which left 
Camp Dodge July 25, 1918, being the first troop movement of the 88th Div. to France. The names of the advance detachment of 
the advance party (billeting, embarking, etc.) are given in the main story of the Division, in the portion devoted to the arrival 
at Semur. This list is given in Orders No. 3, Confidential, Hq. 88th Div., dated July 24, 1918, which directed that the members 
proceed to Camp Upton, N. Y., equipped for extended overseas field service, "reporting upon arrival to the Commanding Gen- 
eral for special training abroad," words that had more real thrill in them than anything the recipients had received before: 



To attend Field Officers' School (In- 
fantry). 

Major Anan Raymond, 349th Inf. 
Major John M. H. Nichols, 349th Inf, 
Major Edward C. Rose, 350th Inf. 
Major Bertram G. Dickinson, 350th Inf. 
Major Harry F. Evans, 351st Inf. 
Major Robert P. Robinson, 351st Inf. 
Major George H. Russ, Jr., 352nd Inf. 
Major Ivan J. Kipp, 352nd Inf. 

To attend Company, Platoon and Sec- 
tion Commander School (Rifle Com- 
panies Infantry). 

Capt. Darney W. Gill, 349th Inf. 
Capt. Henry A. House, 350th Inf. 
Capt. Charles W. Blanding, 351st Inf. 
Capt. Albert D. Vaughan, 352nd Inf. 
1st Lt. Kenneth C. Healy, 349th Inf. 
1st Lt. James L. Monson, 349th Inf. 
1st Lt. John L Peterson, 349th Inf. 
1st Lt. Charles P. Lynch, 350th Inf. 
1st. Lt. J. Ray Fridley, 350th Inf. 
1st Lt. Frank O. West, 350th Inf. 
1st Lt. Edward F. Kovar, 351st Inf. 
1st Lt. Carrol B. Martin. 351st Inf. 
1st Lt. Carleton M. Magoun, 351st Inf. 
1st Lt. Edward L. Hyde, 352 Inf. 
1st Lt. Paul G. Dalcar, 352 Inf. 
1st Lt. Walter J. Barngrover, 352nd Inf. 
2nd Lt. Fred M. Hall, 349th Inf. 
2nd Lt. Walter J. Banish, 349th Inf. 
2nd Lt. Albert J. Robertson, 350th Inf. 
2nd Lt. Harold E. Meyer, 350th Inf. 
2nd Lt. Stephen A. Swisher, 351st Inf. 
2nd Lt. Irving W. Benolken, 351st Inf. 
2nd Lt. Maurice E. Horn, 352nd Inf. 
2nd Lt. Clifford C. Rice, 352nd Inf. 
Sgt. Chester Weiderquist, Co. D, 349th 
Inf. 

Sgt. Roy M. Esmond, Co. F, 349th Inf. 

Sgt. Carl H. Rose, Co. I, 349th Inf. 

Sgt. Hugh I Brandon, Co. B, 350th Inf. 

Sgt. August E. Hartwig, Co. H, 350th 
Inf. 

Sgt. James McKee, Co. L, 350th Inf. 
Sgt. William H. Vase, Co. L, 351st Inf. 
Sgt. Frank L. Pingka, Co. B, 351st Inf. 
Sgt. Oliver P. Tripp, Co. G, 351st Inf. 
Sgt. Albert T. Everett, Co. D, 352nd Inf. 
Sgt. Leslie R. Caylor, Co. F, 352nd Inf. 
Sgt. Torger O. Kraabel, Co. I, 352nd Inf. 
To attend Trench Mortar and 37 mm 
School (From Headquarters Com- 
panies). 

2nd Lt. Thomas W. Hatton, 349th Inf. 
1st Lt. Ira J. Houghton, 350th Inf. 
2nd Lt. Walter F. Day, 351st Inf. 
2nd Lt. Alfred B. Davis, 352nd Inf. 

From 349th Infantry Headquarters 
Company. 

Sgt. Hugh C. Vickers. 
Sgt. Forrest A. Cochran. 
Sgt. Jules V. Cool. 
Sgt. Theodore W. Brandt. 

From 350th Infantry Headquarters 
Company. 

Sgt. John J. Sullivan. 
Sgt. Erie F. Schroeder. 
Sgt. Alvin C. Johnson. 
Sgt. Robert W. Frey. 



From 351st Infantry Headquarters 
Company. 

Sgt. James M. Waters. 
Sgt. Leonard W. Melander. 
Sgt. Bert D. Worlitseck. 
Sgt. Clarence J. Bachmann. 

From 352nd Infantry Headquarters 
Company. 

Sgt. Glenn A. Smith. 
Sgt. James P. Kirkpatrick. 
Sgt. Walter A. Hamerback. 
Sgt. Talmage Hughes. 

To attend Signal School. (Infantry). 
(From Headquarters Companies). 
1st Lt. Arthur F. Leslie, 349th Infantry. 
2nd Lt. Arnold C. Forbes, 350th Infan- 
try. 
1st Lt. Paul F. Schlick, 351st Infantry. 
2nd Lt. Tom D. Nelson, 352nd Infantry. 

From 349th Infantry Headquarters 
Company. 

Sgt. Max H. Boydson. 
Sgt. Charles G. Boyd. 

From 350th Infantry Headquarters 
Company. 

Sgt. Octaaf X. G. DeVolder. 
Sgt. Russell R. Hayes. 

From 351st Infantry Headquarters 
Company. 

Sgt. William J. Curley. 
Sgt. Joseph F. Kersten. 

From 352nd Infantry Headquarters 
Company. 

Sgt. Edward W. Sears. 

Sgt. Hilding E. Safstrom. 

To attend Machine Gun School. 

Capt. Signor J. Seevers, 337th M. G. Bn. 

Capt. Raymond A. Scallen, 338th M. G. 
Bn. 

Capt. Marshall D. Jones, 339th M. G. Bn. 

1st Lt. John A. Buxton, 337th M. G. Bn. 

1st Lt. John B. McClintock, 338th M. B. 
Bn. 

1st Lt. Roland E. Barron, 339th M. G. 
Bn. 

1st Lt. John H. Guthrie, 349th Infantry. 

1st Lt. Winfield O. Shrum, 350th In- 
fantry. 

1st Lt. Charles T. John, 351st Infantry. 

1st Lt. Richard A. Russell, 352nd In- 
fantry. 

2nd Lt. Harrison R. Johnston, 337 M. G. 
Bn. 

2nd Lt. Thomas C. Kasper, 337 M. G. Bn. 

2nd Lt. Lawrence L. Murphy, 338 M. G. 
Bn. 

2nd Lt. Paul W. Frengel, 338 M. G. Bn. 

2nd Lt. Louis T. Orlady, 338 M. G. Bn. 

2nd Lt. George W. Prichard, 338 M. G. 
Bn. 

2nd Lt. Roy R. Van Duzee, 339 M. G. Bn. 

2nd Lt. James E. Stevenson, 339 M. G. 
Bn. 

2nd Lt. James T. Clancy, 33S M. G. Bn. 

2nd Lt. Henry R. Murphy. 339 M. G. Bn. 

2nd Lt. James T. Spillane, 349th Inf. 

2nd Lt. Merle A. Heath, 350th Inf. 

2nd Lt. Paul A. Goodman, 351st Inf. 

2nd Lt. Carrold A. Iverson, 352nd Inf. 
From 337 M. G. Bn. 

Sgt. George Menzie, Co. A. 

Sgt. Ray E. Duer, Co. A. 



Sgt. Clarence F. Nelson, Co. A. 
Sgt. Doyd A. Hensley, Co. B. 
Sgt. George Fraseur, Co. B. 
Sgt. John A. Grande, Co. B. 

From 338th M. G. Bn. 
Sgt. Albert L. McBride, Co. A. 
Sgt. Elva N. Leach, Co. A. 
Sgt. Willie Easterling, Co. A. 
Sgt. Francis Skarclid, Co. B. 
Sgt. Carl W. Ferree, Co. B. 
Sgt. Peter Roche, Co. B. 
Sgt. James T. Conover, Co. C. 
Sgt. Walter W. Brown, Co. C. 
Sgt. John E. Tucker, Co. C. 
Sgt. Toliver E. Steinhauser, Co. D. 
Sgt. Michael M. Crowley, Co. D. 
Sgt. Homer L. Ankeney, Co. D. 

From 339 M. G. Bn. 
Sgt. Wyman H. Shumaker, Co. A. 
Sgt. Malcolm M. White, Co. A. 
Sgt. Irving C. Boucher, Co. A. 
Sgt. Benson Hatfield, Co. B. 
Sgt. Irving H. Schmidt, Co. B. 
Sgt. Charles O. Miller, Co. B. 
Sgt. Homer A. Chase, Co. C. 
Sgt. Archie L. Kendall. 
Sgt. Maurice H. Weddell, Co. C. 
Sgt. William P. Caftrey, Co. D. 
Sgt. Verne G. Watson. Co. D. 
Sgt. Ambrose Fogarty. 

From 349 Inf. M. G. Co. 
Sgt. Glenn M. Ricketts. 
Sgt. Delbert Emory. 
Sgt. Charles F. Ives. 

From 350th Infantry M. G. Company. 
Sgt. George W. Kanak. 
Sgt. Robert D. Kennedy. 
Sgt. Archie D. Wood. 

From 351st Infantry M. G. Company. 
Sgt. Stanley J. Scott. 
Sgt. Verne E. Rogers. 
Sgt. Vincent P. Dudley. 

From 352nd Infantry M. G. Company. 
Sgt. Floyd C. Fuller. 
Sgt. Edward W. Madison. 
Sgt. Viking Ramsing. 

To attend Field Officers' School (Ar- 
tillery). 

Major H. R. Freeman. 337th F. A. 
Major C. L. Ames, 338th F. A. 
Major H. De F. Burlick, 339th F. A. 

To attend Wireless or Telephone 
School (Artillery). 
1st Lt. Donald S. Leslie, 163rd F. A, 

Brig. 
2nd Lt. Willard M. Folsom, 338th F. A. 
1st Lt. Carrold E. Lewis, 339th F. A. 
2nd Lt. Harry W. Trump, 339th F. A. 
2nd Lt. Willard H. Ray, 338th F. A. 
2nd Lt. Glen Ireland, 337th F. A. 
2nd Lt. Gustaf R. Nelson, 339th F. A. 
2nd Lt. Robert Schmidt, 337th F. A. 

To attend Aerial Observers' School 
(Artillery). 

1st Lt. Howard G. Mealey, 337th F. A. 
1st Lt. Miles H. McNally, 337th F. A. 
1st Lt. Edward H. Keating, 339th F. A. 
1st Lt. Junius Oldham, 339th F. A. 



162 



Appendix 



To attend Reconnaissance or Orientur 
School (Artillery). 

From 337th Field Artillery. 
1st Lt. John D. Matz. 
1st Lt. Carl H. Gewalt. 
1st Lt. Dabney G. Miller. 
2nd Lt. Harold T. Landeryou. 

From 338th Field Artillery. 
Capt. Stanley Hawks. 
1st Lt. Robert A. Gardner. 
2nd Lt. Yale D. Hills. 
2nd.Lt. Robert E. Cummings. 

From 339th Field Artillery. 
Capt. Wheelock Whitney. 
Capt. Donald B. Gilchrist. 
1st Lt. Neil C. Head. 
1st Lt. Richard R. Cook. 

To attend School for Instruction in 
Firing (Artillery). 

From 337th F. A. 
Capt. Richard W. Redfield. 
Capt. Benjamin F. Brundred. 
Capt. Ceylon A. Lyman. 
Capt. Walter J. Kennedy. 
Capt. Jesse E. Maxley. 
Capt. Raymond T. Benson. 
1st Lt. James A. Cathcart. 

From 338th F. A. 
Capt. Arthur M. Hartwell. 
Capt. Howard Quinlan. 
Capt. Howard M. Baldrige. 
Capt. Perry L. Dean. 
Capt. Thomas G. Harrison. 
Capt. Carl S. Willis. 
1st Lt. Springer H. Brooks. 

From 339th F. A. 
Capt. Kendall Winship. 
Capt. Donald K. Hudson. 
Capt. Lawrence G. Tighe. 
Capt. Earl C. Maul. 
Capt. Tom W. McClelland. 
1st Lt. George T. McDermott. 

To attend School for Instruction in 
Material (Artillery). 

From 337 F. A. 
Cpl. Charles R Wade, Bty. A. 
Mechanic Harry W. Nelson, Bty. D. 
Chief Mechanic Albert E. Mosher, Bty. 

F. 
Ord. Sgt. Austin E. Punt, Or. Det. 
Cpl. William O. Rux, Ord. Det. 
Cpl. Rella J. Rondorf, Ord. Det. 
Pvt. Eugene C. High, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Joseph G. Iverson, Bty. B. 
Cpl. Alfred M. Brandt, Bty. C. 
Cpl. John A. Gibbs, Bty. E. 

From 338th F. A. 
Cpl. Alex Steckler, Ord. Det. 
Sgt. Alfred W. Sabbe, Bty. A. 
Chief Mechanic Walter G. Peterson, 

Bty. C. 
Chief Mechanic Carl J. Dee, Bty. D. 
Chief Mechanic George A. Woodward, 

Bty. E. 
Sgt. Bernard J. Cleary, Bty. B. 
Sgt. R. G. Abelein, Bty. A. 



Pvt. 1st CI. Floyd W. Cofell, Ord. Det. 
Mechanic Charles J. Streit, Bty. B. 
Pvt. Francis A. Davis, Bty. F. 

From 339th F. A. 
Sgt. Chase R. Moore, Ord. Det. 
Chief Mechanic John Erickson, Hq. Co. 
Sgt. Walter J. Dunn, Bty. B. 
Sgt. Ross W. Moore, Bty. D. 
Mechanic Roy E. Webster, Bty. F. 
Cpl. Edward Thomsen, Ord. Det. 
Sgt. Archie Pixley, Bty. A. 
Wag. Robert R. Stevens, Bty. C. 
Pvt. Francis W. Rohan, Bty. E. 
Ord. Sgt. Oscar Lindgren, Ord. Det. 

To attend School for Instruction in 
Wireless (Artillery). 

From Hq. Det. 163rd F. A. Brig. 
Sgt. Frederick M. Dodge. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Leo C. Sherry. 

From 337th F. A. 
Sgt. Theodore T. Holt, Bty. D. 
Pvt. Henry Moore, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Jacob H. Euston, Hq. Co. 
Cpl. William Evans, Bty. F. 
Sgt. James J. Carriveau, Bty. B. 
Cpl. Roberts G. Pollock, Hq. Co. 

From 338th F. A. 
Cpl. Joseph A. Soberg, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Charles J. Carroll, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Joel F. Scott, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Charles J. Faes, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Harry K. Angel, Hq. Co. 

From 339th F. A. 
Sgt. Thomas J. Wilson, Hq. Co. 
Sgt. Frank W. Strohm, Hq. Co. 
Cpl. Fred A. Raasch, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Mark P. Ingalls, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Joseph W. Salmon, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. John E. Ellis, Hq. Co. 
Cpl. Emmett M. Clark, Hq. Co. 

To attend School for Instruction in 
Telephone (Artillery). 

From Hq. Det. 163rd F. A. Brig. 
Cpl. Marion G. Brashear. 
Pvt. 1st CI. Paul G. Benson. 

From 337th F. A. 
Sgt. George J. Fischer, Bty. C. 
Cpl. Harold B. Curtis, Hq. Co. 
Cpl. Harry Pieper, Bty. E. 
Pvt. 1st. CI. Herman H. Lark, Bty. D'. 
Pvt. William W. Mulhall, Hq. Co. 

From 338th F. A. 
Bn. Sgt. Maj. Arthur H. Eick, Hq. Co, 
Sgt. Henrick A. Andal, Hq. Co. 
Cpl. Earl E. Miller, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Claude Richmond, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Arlie M. Holmes, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Emil W. Volske, Hq. Co. 
Sgt. Chester M. Beck, Bty. C. 

From 339th F. A. 
Cpl. Fred A. Klein, Hq. Co. 
Sgt. Olan B. Monroe, Hq. Co. 
Sgt. Earl R. Grauf, Hq. Co. 
Cpl. Charles Grant, Hq. Co. 
Cpl. Foster M. French, Hq. Co. 
Cpl. Harold Maddox, Hq. Co. 



To attend School in Observation and 
Liaison (Artillery). 

From Hq. Det. 163rd F. A. Brig. 
Cpl. Winfleld Woodings. 
Cpl. Guy B. Hunner. 

From 337th F. A. 
Sgt. Charles H. Davis, Bty. B. 
Sgt. Julius E. Sessing, Bty. Co. 
Sgt. Rae Ashton, Bty. E. 
Cpl. Thomas H. Brandon, Bty. F. 
Sgt. Clarence E. Medcalf, Bty. D. 
Pvt. Erwin L. Moses, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. William J. Berry, Bty. A. 

From 338th F. A. 
Sgt. James E. Ebersole, Hq. Co. 
Cpl. Jerome P. Forbes, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Walter Buhman, Bty. F. 
Pvt. Harold P. Krause. Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Ona L. Dowler, Hq. Co. 
Pvt. Albert L. Tuttle, Bty. D. 

From 339th F. A. 
Sgt. Lester Howard, Hq. Co. 
Cpl. James E. Finch, Hq. Co. 
Sgt. Fred J. Bates, Hq. Co. 
Sgt. Arnold Ranch, Hq. Co. 
Sgt. Earl H. Rauch, Hq. Co. 

To attend Field Officers' Course (En- 
gineers). 
Lt. Col. George W. Rathjens, 313th 

Engis. 

To attend Company Commanders' 
Course (Engineers). 

From 313th Engineers. 
Capt. Gordon Butler. 
Capt. Alex M. Thompson. 
1st Lt. Ivan R. Bickelhaupt. 
1st Lt. Lee R. Boyd. 

To attend Pioneer and Sapper Course 
(Engineers). 

From 313th Engineers. 
1st Lt. Kenneth Urquhart. 
1st Lt. Joseph W. Anderson. 
1st Lt. Eldreth L. Sawyer. 
1st Lt. Gerhard W. Gunderson. 
1st CI. Sgt. John S. Zimmerman. 
1st CI. Sgt. Arthur P. Campbell. 
1st CI. Sgt. Neal A. Beaton. 
1st CI. Sgt. James H. McMillan 
1st CI. Sgt. Elmer C. Clothier. 
1st CI. Sgt. Francis C. Krahl. 

From 313th Field Signal Battalion. 
1st Lt. Dwight A. Montgomery. 
2nd Lt. Wendell H. Snyder. 
2nd Lt. Harold E. Miner. 

From 313th Sanitary Train. 
- Major Warner G. Workman, M. R. C. 
Major Harry X. Cline, M. R. C. 
Capt. Foy J. M. Ernest. M. R. C. 
Capt. Frank D. Ryder, M. R. C. 
Capt. Royal C. Danley, M. R. C. 
Capt. Garver F. Parker, M. R. C. 
1st Lt. Lyford H. Webb, M. R. C. 
1st Lt. Charles F. Shook, M. R. C. 
1st Lt. William D. Middleton. M. C. U. 

S. A. 
1st Lt. George W. Snyder, M. C. V. S. A. 



Appendix 



163 



Roster of the 337th F. A. 



FIELD AND STAFF. 

Col. George R. Greene, U. S. A., com- 
manding. 

Lt. Col. H. R. Freeman, c/o National 
Supply Co., Union Bank Bldg., Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 

Major P. C. Lyman, c/o Bartlett, Fra- 
zier Co., 306 Flour Exchange, Minne- 
apolis. 

Major Richard W. Redfleld, Minnesota 
Loan & Trust Co., Minneapolis. 

Major B. F. Brundred, Oil City, Pa. 

Major W. L. Hoffman, 1521 W. 9th St., 
Des Moines, la. 

Major W. H. Kennedy, c/o Wells 
Dickey Co., Minneapolis. 

Capt. Eugene S. Bibb, 1038 Security 
Bldg., Minneapolis, Adjutant. 

Capt. W. F. Hagerman, Morris, Minn., 
Personnel Officer. 

Capt. R. T. Benson, c/o Agricultural 
College, Ames, la., Bn. Adjt. 

Capt. M. S. Robb, 2545 Blaisdell Ave., 
Minneapolis, Bn. Adjt. 

Capt. S. W. Rider, 222 Groveland Ave., 
Minneapolis, Bn. Adjt. 

Lt. Earl B. Clark, Chaplain, Bushnell, 
Nebr. 



MEDICAL, DETACHMENT. 

Capt. W. E. Anthony, 105 N. Market 

St., Ottumwa, la. 
Capt. James H. Burns, Carrolton, 111. 
Lt. F. M. Phillips, Xenia, 111. 
Lt. J. L. Minor, 1338 27th St., Des 

Moines, la. 
(Complete Medical Detch. Roster Un- 
available.) 



HEADQUARTERS COMPAN1, 

Nichols, John S., Capt., 2530 Portland 

Ave., Minneapolis. Minn. 
Hanzlik Milo O., 1st Lt., 529 Brown St., 

Iowa City, la. 
Wagner, Elmer C. L., 1st Lt., 207 New 

England Bldg. Kansas City, Mo. 
Wicks, Ralph W., 1st Lt., 804 W. 9th 

St., Anderson, Ind. 
Bainbridge, Alexander G., 2d Lt., 2620 

Hennepin Ave Minneapolis, Minn. 
Ballinger, Earl A., 2d Lt., Spring Val- 
ley, Minn. 
Chambers, Harry D., 2d Lt., 3140 Steiner 

St., San Francisco. 
Jardine, Archie W., 2d Lt., 730 19th St., 

Des Moines, la. 
Mills, Carroll C, 2d Lt., So., 2d Ave., 

Sioux Falls, S. D. 
Severin, Claude L., 2d Lt.. 19 Harrison 

Ave., Oklahoma City, Okla. 
Stephanson, J. C, Lt., 400 Main St., 

Menominee, Mich. 
McNally, Miles H., Lt., New Richmond, 

Wis. 
Matz, John D., Lt., Unlversitv Club, 

Chicago. 111. 
Mealey, Howard G.. Lt.. Monticello, 

Minnesota. 
Miller, D. G.. Lt., Nassau Paper Co., 

St. Paul, Minn. 
Ireland. Glen, Lt.. c/o Bell Telephone 

Co., Dubuque, la. 
Landervou, H. T., Lt., 709 W. 19th St., 

Des Moines. la. 
Schmitt Robert L., Lt., 3628 Portland 

Ave.. Minneapolis, Minn. 
Kice. Murrav S., Jr., Lt., 942 Lemecke 

Annex Bldg., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Lindholm Henry T., Reg. Sgt. Maj., 1119 

43d Ave. N.. Minneapolis, Minn. 
Doig. Thomas W., Reg. Sgt. Maj.. Lake 

City, Fla., R. 6, Box 29. 
Hisel Walter W., Bn. Sgt. Maj., 1000 

South Main St.. Fairfield, Ta. 
Tomelty, James C, 1st Sgt., Little Falls, 

Minnesota. 
Comer, Ross A.. Asst., Band Leader. 

2509 East 22d St., Minneapolis, Minn. 



Tabary, Maurice, Sgt. Bugler, 64 Rue 
Des Codies, Amiens (Somme), France. 

Downing, Gordon L., Sup. Sgt., 615 East 
36th St., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Stensrud, Russell E., Mess Sgt.. 3045 
Elliott Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Iverson, Henry A., Sgt. Kenyon, Minn. 

Bakke, Harold E., Sgt., 501 North Front 
St., Crookston, Minnesota. 

Patterson, Lawrence W., Sgt., 32 Spruce 
Place, Apt. 28, Minneapolis. Minn. 

Stalker, Francis A., Sgt., 3324 4th Ave. 
South, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Nelson, Aimer R., Sgt., 4107 North 
Aldrich Ave., Minneapolis. Minn. 

Dovick, Edward A., Sgt., Stevens Point, 
Wis. 

Straiton, Clarence W., Sgt., 3620 Long- 
fellow Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Williams, Edgar L., Sgt., 711 Cedar Ave. 
South, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Waltz, Frederick, Sgt., 522 8th St. S. E., 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Schoenig, Leslie J.. Corp., 533 West 5th 
St.. Winona, Minnesota. 

Duffy, Edgar L., Corp., 825 2d Ave. 
South, St. Cloud, Minnesota. 

Klobe, Edward L., Corp., Waconia, Min- 
nesota. 

Erickson, William A., Corp., 2614 James 
Ave. North, Minneapolis. Minn. 

Garrison, Joe, Corp., West Hotel, 
Duluth, Minnesota. 

Push. Armoun M., Pvt., 1103 Walker 
St.. Des Moines. la. 

Nasett, John I.,' Corp., Robbinsdale, 
Minnesota. 

Bergman, Andrew, Mech., Bemidji Min- 
nesota, R. 2., Box 102. 

Kinney, Peter, Ck., 113 20th Ave. South, 
Minneapolis, Minn., c/o Tony Still- 
mozick. 

Swenson. Emanuel G., Ck., 3612 12th 
Ave. South Minneapolis, Minn. 

Soodhalter, Frank I., Ck., 1525 Arling- 
ton Ave., Des Moines, la. 

Schewe, Carl H, 1st CI. Pvt., 206 Vine 
St., Joliet 111. 

Green. Benjamin F., 1st CI. Pvt., 1406 
Euclid Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Casjens. Peter R.. Orange City, la. 

Johnson, David G., Sioux City, la., c/o 
Mrs. Anna Johnson. 

Baker. Claude S., Luverne, North Da- 
kota. 

Anderson, Martinus. Clear Lake, la. 

Littlepage, Orvole H., 1147 Kansas Ave 
East. St. Louis. 111. 

Wegner, Louis, Hawarden. la., R. 1. 

Scheerer, Lloyd H, 613 Ave. "C," Fort 
Dodge, la. 

Souther, James A.. Young Harris, 
Georgia. 

Koch. Frederick W., 553 16th Ave. 
North. Clinton, la. 

Holdenried. Rudolph J., 215 West 3d St., 
Sioux City, la. 

Herriott. Ivan W., Garden City, Kan- 
sas (905 North 6th St.) 

Harter, Ray St. John. Kansas. 

Clapn. Deland S. Corvton, Tenn.. R. 1. 

Blenderman Albert D.. 4324 Central 
Ave., Leeds, la. 

Roller. Leslie G.. Humeston, la. 

Evans. Albert, Williams. la., R. 2. 

Adamson. Ralph W., Centerville, la., 
R. 3. 

Horstman. Albert F.. Dows, la. 

Larson, Phinnev- O., Fos«ton. Minnesota. 

Shillinglaw, William, Ellsworth la. 

Rule. Robert. 1735 Peck St., Muskegon 
Heights, Mich., c/o Lee C. Beattle. 

Hartman, Hugh E. Raymond, Kans., 
R. 1. 

Grumiller. Ralph J., 314 North 7th St., 
Grand Forks, No. Dak. 

Stewart. Virgil M.. 2009 North 14th St., 
Kansas City, Kans. 

Gordhamer, William E., Kerkhoven, 
Minnesota. 

Thomas, Cecil, Beldon. la. 

Davis, Arthur H., 905 West North Tem- 
ple. Salt Lake City. Utah. 

Ryan. Frank M., Brownsville, Tenn. 

Alli«on. Vernon E., 711 Jones St.. Sioux 
City. la. 

Bradshaw. Elmer P.. 1325% 4th Ave. 
South, Fort Dndge. la. 

McMeen. Kenneth M., Gregory, South 
Dakota. 



Hansen, Louis C, Emmetsburg, la., R. 

3, Box 3. 
Mees, Peter, 705 9th Ave., Clinton, la. 
Hockman, Floyd W„ 320 Selden Ave., 

Detroit, Mich. 
Calder, Ashal R., Hyrum, Utah. 
Shannon, George D., Lawler, Iowa, Box 

234. 
Angell, Joseph K., Sturgeon, Mo. 
Reitz, David C, 1204 4th St., Sioux City, 

la. 
Koples, George, Huspers, la. 
Peacock, Frank L., Woodstock, 111.. R. 3. 
White, Zeno Z., 401 Seneca St., Storm 

Lake, la. 
Home, Victor A.. Penn, North Dakota. 
Bursch, James P., 1013 Market St., Em- 
poria, Kans. 
Froehlich, Otto W., 4104 Aldrich Ave. 

South, Minneapolis. Minn. 
Tschida, John L,, Freeport, Minn. 
Oliver, Jesse M., Shelbina. Mo. 
Page, John A., Hamilton, N. D. 
Graves, Charles R., Plymouth, la. 
Bradbury. Danial C, 6 & 3d St., Oska- 

loosa, la. 
Wingate, Roy M., Hamburg, la., R. 3. 
Brugman, William E., 210 Orleans, Keo- 

Selnes's, Alfred R., 515 5th St., Clark- 
field, Minn. 

Rudland, Olaf, P. O. Box 2, Hardy, Sas- 
katchawan Canada. 

Wagner, Sherman C, 1820 3d St., Madi- 
son, la. 

Walper, Almon W., Cavalier, North Da- 
kota. Box 301. 

Watson, Norman W., 1606 Jones St., 
Sioux City, la. 

Dockum, Leslie J., Miltonville, la. 

Brady, Thomas E., Waukon, la. 

Parker, Roscoe J., Beresford, South Da- 
kota. 

Rozell. Earl M., Ottowa, Kans, R. 9. 

Reardon, Frank L., River Falls, Wis. 

Sullivan. Daniel E., South Sioux City, 
Nebraska, Box 44. 

Walton, Oliver T., College Springs, fa. 

Cosgrove, Henry E., West Liberty, la. 

Wallinga, Henry, Jr.. Hull, la. 

Johnson, Martin M., Cummings, North 
Dakota. 

Horn, George H. Boyden. la., R. 2. 

Hogan. Frank E., 903 S. E. Carolina 
Ave., Mason City, la. 

Berry, Lloyd C, Algona, la. 

Vogel, Joseph J., Box 217, South St. 
Paul. Minn. 

Scheinhaum, Nathaniel L., 1900 5th Ave. 
So., Minneapolis, Mjnn. 

Graham, Ambrose A., 6228 Chatham 
Ave., St. Louis. Mo. 

Moodv, Charles il. De Queen. Ark. 

Webb, Archie C. Paw Paw, Mich.. R. 5. 

Sigoloff, Max, 1531 A Bacon St., St. 
Louis. Mo. 

Smith. Robert O., 2008 South 10th St., 
St. Joseph. Mo. 

Kinnamon, Harrv O., Keokuk, la., c/o 
William Kinnamon. 

Moore. John E.. Mentor. Kans., R 1. 

Holcomb. Charles N. Wakeeney, Kans., 
R. 1. 

Riley, Robert R., Oberlin. Kans.. R. 3. 

McCoy. Alva E.. 204% East Park St., 
Champaign. 111. 

Gardner. Henry C, Highway 15, Sandy 
City. Utah. 

Cunningham, John F., 423 Nebraska St., 
Sioux City, la. 

Scheer, Charley A., Morrowville, Kans., 
R. 1. 

Axmear, John W., Keswick. la., R. 1. 

Huisinga. Warner J.. Jewett. Ill . 

Birk. Frank R.. Gridley. Kans.. R. 1. 

Miller. Lee A., Lodgepole South Da- 
kota. 

Pennington, Willard M., Burlington. 
Kans.. R. 5. 

Thompson, Alf. M., Climax, Minnesota, 
R. 1. 

Foreman. Neil E., 2930 Garfield St., Lin- 
coln. Neb. 

Newland. Chester L. Corning, Kans. 

McCoy. Roscoe M., Utica, Mo. 

Cook. Louis C, Syracuse. Kans. 

Gustafson. Gustaf H, 2429 13th Ave. 
South. Minneapolis. Minn. 

Ettling, Albert J.. 617 Ash St.. Texar- 
kana. Ark. 



164 



Appendix 



Mitchell. Alexander L., Northwood, la. 

MeWhirter, Howard B., Edson. Kans. 

Sorenson. Hans P., 1728 Iowa Ave., 
West Superior, Wis. 

Grove, Byron W., West Bend la., R. 1. 

Havelaar, Dick, Hudson, South Dakota, 
R. 3, c/o Peter Hansen. 

Anderson, Anders A., Lake Preston, 
South Dakota. 

Powell, James M., Hettinger, North Da- 
kota. 

Mullen, Michael J., Crary, North Da- 
kota. 

Johnson, Ole J., Cedar Falls, la., R. 3. 

Veld, Jacob, Grundy Center, la. 

Iverson. Bert H.. Rake, la., Box 74. 

Flaherty, Bernhard B., Davenport, la., 
R. 3. 

Drew, Everett H.^ 911 East 4th Ave., 
Mitchell, South Dakota. 

Tuttle, Ralph M.. Heckberry, Kans. 

Hansen, Leo E., Waupaca, Wis. R. 2. 

Fricke, Charles, 1173 6th St., Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 

Vick, George S.. Calmar, la., R. 1, Box 9. 

Hursch, Alford R., Burlington, Kans., 
R. 5. 

Bourassa, Charles L., Pembine, North 
Dakota. 

Haldorson, Julius P., Park River, North 
Dakota. 

Brown, Leif, Russell, North Dakota. 

Charbonneau, Oliver J., St. John, North 
Dakota. 

Childers, Sanford W., Marmarth, N. D. 

Hulleman. Dick, Hawarden, la. 

McCarroll, Roy, Ottumwa, la., R 3 

Davis. Frank E.. Esteline. S. D. 

West, Earl W., Dell Rapids, S D 

Flewelling, Alonzo C, 4 05 3d St., Gar- 
den City, Kans. 

Hensel Ira C. 414 Wood St., South 
Bend, Ind. 

White, Louis G., Bottineau, N. D. 

Graff, Fred W, 305 East 15th St., Min- 
neapolis Minn. 

Wilkes Raymond C, 831 18th St., Sioux 
City, la. 

Gardner, Christopher R., Stafford, 
Kans.. R. 3. ' 

Wylie William A., Washington, la. R. 1 

J * h ' J S "! ar J"™* Sout h 4th St., 
Urand Forks, N. D. 

Rosenau Adolph G, R. 1., Box 35 Gar- 
dena, N. D. 

5 aw ;, so "; William J., Redfield, S D 
Kre 11, Frank, White Lake, S. D 
Neal Thomas H, 1205 4th Ave., Dodge 
City, Kans. 

W Alton I Ia ntS V " C/ ° J ° hn Lammers ' 

S °M , ich Peter - 6 B St - Grand Rapids, 

H «ESi?* ™ eI i oy ' 3938 Brandon St., 
Seattle, Wash. 

Shelton, Herman W., 30 Stockdale Ave 

Criero, Texas. 
Abrahamson Victor, address unknown. 
Daly John N Cherryvale, Kans., R. l. 
rZ,7/ le ?i Gab 2 W - Hawarden, la. 

«'?; h H *2> vara C ,s 22u Bryant Ave. 

South, Minneapolis. Minn. 
Lambie, Ernest H., Forest River N D 
Larson, Ralph L. Waukon la 

M st e §io^ft r y? k Ia C - 110 ^ WeSt 3d 
Ellerbroek, John Jr., Sioux Center Tn 
Brown, Charles M. Greenville^ HI? k 4 
Ramstad Arthur A., Lauda N. D R 1 
Schoep Andrew Sioux Center, la. 
Mutz, John G.. Mauvoo, 111. R 2 
Trammell Merton E„ Hope, N' D 

OmlTa I Neb S H '' 3 ° th a " d Ma P' e "*■•• 

V Gr d i e n r n V eit r 'l£ KeSter ** 122? Bl "° ad St " 

V °la nK ' Henry ' 718 Gr and Ave., Keokuk, 

g tra jn- Roy W., Segourney, la. 

r^ll h t - T W ', n, ^ m IF* Kanorado. Kans. 
Grant Lyle G Band Sgt.. 206 Walnut 
»».,?•• S - T R - Minneapolis, Minn. 

«♦£ £? se f$ R - Bami s *t- «28 East 

25th St., Minneapolis. Minn. 
Oppedahl, Joseph N., Band Sgt.. 396 2d 

Ave. South, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Moorrill David W.. Band Corp., 1000 

Bayliss Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 
Johnson, Walter S.. Mus. 1 cl., Wayzata, 

Minn.. R. 1, Box 131. 
McGranahan, George C, Mus. 3 cl , 

Ocheyedan. la. 
NofTsinger, John H., Mus. 3 cl., South 

English, la. 
Engstrom, Milton O.. Mus. 1 cl., 2008 

22d Ave. South Minneapolis. Minn. 
Freeman, Abe, Mus. l cl.. 204 West Main 

St., Oklahoma Cltv, Okla. 
Ridings. Lahoma B.. Mus. 1 cl., Ill 

Sherokee St., Topeka Kans. 
Haugen. Anton. Mus. 3 cl., Stanley Wis 
Doig, Hugh D.. Mus. Corp.. 3104 Chi- 
cago Ave., Minneapolis Minn 
Doffing. Mathins J.. Mus 3 cl We«t 

4th St., Hastings, Minn., c/o J. P. 

Doffing. 



(Roster, 337th F. A., Continued) 

Cochran, Clinton B., Mus. 3 cl., 3508 3d 

Ave. South, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Tramm, William E., Mus. 2 cl., 318 East 

14th St., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Fields. John P., Mus, 2 cl., Osceola, Mo. 
Magnuson, Charles R., 620 West Maple 

St.. Stillwater, Minn. 
Ferguson, William, Mus. 3 cl. 3451 

Oliver Ave. North, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Schooley, Franklin B., Band Corp., Cato, 

N. Y. 
Bauer, M. Warner, Mus. 3 cl., Colome, 

S. D. 
Montgomery, Robert, Maple Hill, la., 

c/o Hans Hansen. 
Dunlap, Clifford H., Mus. 3 cl.. Have- 
lock, la. 
Lomen, Gustav O., Mus. 2 cl., Rushford, 

Minn. 
Adam, Leo N.. Mus. 2 cl., 1311 6th St. 

North, Minneapolis. Minn. 
Kopelman, Thomas, Mus. 2 cl., c/o Reed 

Bros., Milwaukee, Wis., c/o Miss 

Anna Kopelman. 
Henderson Harold W., Mus. 3 cl., 4420 

3d Ave., Sioux City, la. 
Berg, Peter, Jr., Mus. 2 cl., Anoka, Minn. 

R. 5. 
Gueder, August W., Mus. 3 cl., Gutten- 

berg, la., Box 274. 
Julson. Henry C, Mus. 3 cl., Garretson, 

S. D., R. 2. 
Richards, Wayne F., Mus. 3 cl., 1010 

High St., Grinnell, la. 
Schussler, Archie C, Mus. 2 cl., 843 Alia 

St., Galesburg, 111. 
Hazelleaf, Harvey F., Mus. 1 cl., 1131 

Madison Ave., Kewanee, 111. 
Blake, Harold L, Mus. 3 cl., 140 North 

Yale, Wichita, Kans. 
Vollbrecht, Oscar A., Mus. 2 cl., c/o Miss 

Hattie Schmidt, 2218 Russell Ave. 

North, Minneapolis. Minn. 
Heaney, Ralph W., Mus. 3 cl., Olivia, 

Minnesota. 
Hunter, Elwin R., Mus. 3 cl., Weeping 

Water, Neb. 
Tyler, Ernest S., Crooks, S. D. 



ORDNANCE DETACHMENT. 

Himes, John C. Lt., York, Pa., 340 S. 

George St. 
Jack. Oscar W., Sgt., Madison, Wis. 
Punt, Austin E., Sgt., Minneapolis, 

Minn. 
Rux, William O. Sgt., Minneapolis. 
Rondoff, Rolla J.. Sgt.. Neillsville. Wis. 
Schaull. Walter H., Sgt., Minneapolis. 
Mutch, Milton G.. Corp., Salem, Mass. 
Hohler. Nicholas W., Corp., Minneapolis. 
Senn, Earl H.. Corp., Minneapolis. 
Redetzke, Edward W., Corp., Velva, N. 

D. 



PRIVATES. 1ST CLASS. 

Basch, George S., New York City. 
Johnson, Wilbert H., Charles City, la. 



PRIVATES. 

Ackerman, Frank P., Minneapolis. 
Jenkins, Bertram, Minneapolis. 
Krteschmar, Herman W., Fairport, la. 
Magnuson, Carl S., Topeka, Kans. 
McDonald. Leo E., Plainsville, Minn. 
Petersen, Charles E., Minneapolis. 



SUPPLY COMPANY. 

Stimpel, William, Capt., Des Moines, la., 

827 Clinton Ave. 
Streissguth, Edmund H., Lt., Arlington, 

Minnesota. 
Beddall, Floyd O.. Lt., c/o Land Service 

Co., 146 Endicott Bldg., St. Paul. 

Minn. 
Monahan, Edward C, Lt., 3137 Gilpin 

St., Denver, Colorado. 
Needham, Roy A., Regt. Supply Sgt., 

3508 Aldrich Ave. So., Minneapolis. 
Brehany, Edwin A., Regt. Supply Sgt. 

Shakopee, Minn. 
Lewis, George A., Regt. Sunnly Sgt., 

c/o Elmer Lewis, Bagley, Minn. 
Johnson, Maurice, 1st Sgt., 2743 Pierce 

St. N. E., Minneapolis 
Boone. Elmer L, Sgt., Ash Grove, Mis- 
souri. 
Fisher. Ferdinand P., Sgt., Helper, Utah. 
Hickish, Frank N, Sgt., Tuelahoe, N. Y. 
Carver, Frederick H, Sgt., Russell, 

Minn. 
.Tuveland, Sidney A., Corp.. 3513 19th 

Ave. South. Minneapolis, Minn. 
Barkwill. Thomas A.. Corp., Ada, Minn. 
Spaulding, Dike W., Corp., Westfleld, 

Towa. 
Little, Ralph S., Corp., 1028 West 14th 

St., Davenport. la. 
Eagleson, Wilbur J., Cook, 207 6th Ave. 

E., Aberdeen, S. D. 



Koelfgen, Michael, Cook. 2647 7th St. 

N. E., Minneapolis. 
Miller, Clinton C., Cook, Moravia, Iowa. 
Watson, W'illiam H, Cook, c/o Mrs. 

Anna Temple, Franklin, Ky., R. 7. 
Edwards, Parker M., Cook, 4732 Gar- 
held Ave., Minneapolis. 
Frankos, George K., Cook, c/o John G. 

Alexandres, 4520 Cheautou Ave., St. 

Louis, Mo. 
Aldridge, Harry B., Wag., 218 Polk St. 

Minneapolis. 
Belanger, Albert L., Wag., 50 North 

12th St., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Boeff, Harry W., Wag., c/o Will Boeff, 

Dexter, Minn. 
Bruhn, Benjamin F., Wag., St. Bonifa- 

cius, Minn. 
Cord, John, Wag., 1427 West Locust St., 

Des Moines, la. 
Fife, Raymond F., Wag., Paulina. Iowa. 
Gengler, John P., Wag., Le Mars. la., 

Haugseth, Knute, Wag., 2425 29th Ave. 

So., c/o Mrs. Bertha Swan. 
Holmen, Ingval Wag., c/o Iver Holmen, 

402 Front St., Detroit, Minn. 
Johnson, Arthur W., Wag., Montevideo, 

Minn., R. 1. 
Melting, Ole O., Wag., Halstad„ Minn. 
Moore, Raymond S., Wag., c/o Mrs. 

Bridgett Bell, 710 5th Ave. North, In- 
ternational Falls, Minn. 
Mortenson, Neils A., Wag., North Rem- 

sen. la., R. 4. 
Novatny, Frank R., Wag., 1130 Roches- 
ter Ave.. Iowa City, la. 
Nichols, Thomas O., Wag., c/o Mrs. 

Homer Murray, Medford, Wis. 
Peterson, Sixten S., Wag.. 2001 Mil- 
waukee Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 
Sagen, Elmer, Wag., T.win Valley, Minn. 
Severson, James R., Wag., 108 Eau 

Claire St., Rice Lake, Wise. 
Swanson, Arvid C, Wag., 1126 Jefferson 

St. N. E., Minneapolis. 
Datzik, William, Mech., 342 Quincy St. 

N. E., c/o Tony Haladay. Minneapolis. 
Johnson, Carl A.. Mech., Lost Springs, 

Kans. 
Olson. Olof W., Mech.. c/o Peter M. 

Westlund, Hoffman, Minn.. R. 1, Box 

75. 
Ashbach, George E.. Ada. Minn. 
Bissantz, Roy W., Sun City, Kans. 
Block. Harry B., 1729 8th Ave. North, 

Minneapolis. 
Brattland. Chester A.. Hendrum, Minn. 
Carlson, Carl A., 2308 10th Ave. South. 

Minneapolis. 
Clark. Almond F., 255 North Main St.. 

Wichita. Kans. 
Efaw. Wilson H, 12S South 10th St.. 

Fredona. Kans. 
Farley. William B., 2815 E. 55th St., 

Kansas City, Mo. 
Farris. Herbert S.. 1847 Jackson St. N. 

E., Minneapolis. 
Harvev. William. J. R, c/n Waltham P. 

Hanson, R. 2. Ogallah. Kans. 
Hickson, Louis L. 5118 N. 40th St.. 

Omaha. Neb. 
Holmes, Ralph, 516 Colfax Ave.. Minne- 
apolis. 
Hollowell. Alfred A.. Hartlev. la. 
Hneni. Rov E. Letcher S D. 
Johnson. Verne G., 1507 Monroe St. N. 

E. Minneapolis. 
Kester. Hsrrv E. c/o Mrs. Elizabeth 

TCest»r. Mid'and Cjtv. Til 
Lizer. R»orc» L. Westphalia. Kans. 
MoTavish, Hugh G.. Coggon. Ta. 
Melsaard, Roy, 1213 Monroe St. N. E., 

Minneapolis. 
Moran. Leo, c/o Mrs. Myrtle Moran. 4 9 

and T St., South Omaha. Neb. 
Newstrom. Arthur R., 2130 South 35th 

St.. Omaha. Neb. 
Patsloff. August G.. Ithaca. Neb.. R. 1. 
Reed, John H, Lock Box 64, Westfleld. 

la. 
Regenberg. Herman, c/o Mrs. Mary 

Powers, Hastings, Neb., R. 5. 
Rilev, John H. c/o Mrs. Tempyann 

Rilev Mansfield. Mo. 
Ronnabaum, George P., Oneida. Kans. 
Rowe. Blaine M., Rush City, Minn. 
Saddler. Ross, c/o Charles Saddler. 

Bonaparte, la. 
Schenck, Charles H, 403 West Sth St., 

c/o Leo Moore. St. Charles. Mo. 
Se'Dy, Samuel W.. Wak<-enev. Kans 
Sylte. Oscar T., 2112 Riverside Ave. S., 

Minneapolis. 
Tlossem. Howell E., Gaza. Towa. 
Waters. Frank W., 2211 11th Ave. R., 

Minnea no 1 ** 
Widiek Orv'lle Friend Nehr. 
Wing Lvle F 1 Humb^'dt Kans. R K 
Felsenberg Harry. 1921 3d St. S., Min- 

neanolis. 
Femlin cr O^or^-e E.. D"it. M'nn , R. 1. 
Flom. T<Vw|n. T"'i" Vallev. Minn 
Glenn, Newton R.. Hartley. Ta. 



Appendix 



165 



Crockett, Earl H., Strong City, Kans. 

Grono, Arlie F., 601 9th St. S., Minne- 
apolis. 

Halsey, Walter H., Brumley, Miller Co., 
Mo. 

Harms, Charles S., 4345 Tyler Ave., 
Leeds, la. 

Harries, Henry C, Wakeeney, Kans., R. 
3. 



MATTERY A. 



Clarkson, Worrell, Jr., Capt., St. Paul, 

Minn. 
Salvards, Ely, 1st Lt., Duluth, Minn. 
Wicks, Glenn D., 1st Lt. 
Whipps, Husk H., 2nd Lt., Columbus, O. 

Sergeants. 

Sexton, Patrick D., 1st Sgt., 519 18th 
St., Rock Island, 111. 

Thompson, Floyd W., Sup. Sgt., 4101 A. 
Botanical Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Johnson, Lawrence H., Mess Sgt., 426 
St. Anthony Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 

Halloran, James W. .Hopkins, Minn. 

Johnson, John A., 519 23d Ave. So., Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 

Hannan, Edward J., Litchfield, Minn. 

Berglund, Clarence H., 2806 Blooming- 
ton Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Sandburg, Arthur C, 3916 36th Ave., 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

McGovern, Martin J., 923 Harrison St., 
Davenport, la. 

LaDuke, Martin W., 1141 North Lindale 
Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Minor, Fay S., R. 4, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Wade, Charles R., 1818 Dupont Ave. N., 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

R'oth, Ira R., Andalusia, 111. 

Corporals. 

Eiken, Sigmund, Inwood, la. 

Davidson. John K., Keokuk, la. 

Wallace, Robert T., 212 South 11th St., 
Chariton, la. 

Burgert, Chester O., R. 1, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Adkins. Chester A., Rosendale, Mo. 

Goforth, Cecil E., Bolchow, Mo. 

Byam, William R„ Ulysses, Nebr. 

Clopper, William E„ Clyde N. D. 

Breit, Warren H., Savannah. Mo. 

Druckmiller, George R., 1407 5th Ave., 
Rock Island, 111. 

Weiss, Frank C, 4540 Gravious Ave., 
St. Louis. Mo. 

Faris, John C, R. 2. Rushville, Mo. 

Campbell, Fred E., Higbee, Mo. 

Burkman, William E., Ottumwa, la. 

Cundiff, Corbett, Bolchow, Mo. 

Rossiter, James A., 506 16th St., Moline, 
111. 

Carlson, Albert W., Graceville, Minn. 

Cady. Vernon R., 4215 11th St., Rock 
Island, 111. 

Hampton, Robert S., Takomah, Nebr. 

Berry, William J., Dudley, la. 

Aiken, Harry, 2135 W. 103 St., Cleve- 
land, O. 

Mechanics. 

Kelley, George J., Chief Mech., 3024 Bry- 
ant Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn. 

McEnirv, William T.. Chief Mech., 529 
23d St., Rock Island, 111. 

Bratton. Edgar R., Sheldon, Mo. 

Castle, Joseph B., Station F, St. Joseph, 
Mo. 

Pltikall, Herman C, 318 E. Union St., 
Dindsberg, Kans. 

Wood, Robert W., Pierson, la. 

Cooks. 

Brady, Thomas F., Brawley, Calif. 

Haugen, Harry F., Hastings, Minn. 

Metzger, Joseph L., Box 16, Rockport, 
111. 

Nelson, Nels H., 1001 4th St. N., Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

Buglers. 

Baldwin, Edward H., Excelsior, Minn. 

Brown, David, 870 W. Ferry St., Buf- 
falo, N. Y. 

Engh, Arthur S., Mahnomen, Minn. 

Wagoner*. 

Braun, Emil E., Sibley, la. 

Haugstad, Jodmer, J., Bruce. S. D. 

Jordan. Maurice R., 125 S. 15th St., Kan- 
sas City, Kans. 

Michaelson, Lewis G-, Correctionville, 
la. 

Quam, Theodore, Stanhope. la. 

Privates, 1st Class. 

Albert, Jerome, Tokio, N. D. 
Baker, Arthur, Rock Valley, la. 
Bennage, Clarence, Crane. Mo. 
Benner. Aytch, Dearborn, Mo. 
Bordeaux, Francis. White River, S. D. 
Bush, Jacob, Clara City. Minn. 
Byrne, Robert J., Saxton, Mo. 
Christensen, Johannes D., 355 Box St., 

Mankato, Minn. 
Dickey. John F., 627 Times St., Keokuk, 

la. 
Ferris, Sylvester, 627 S. 6th St.. La 

Crosse, Wis. 



(Koster, 337th F. A., Continued) 

Finnerty, Bernard L., Bartford, Kans. 
George, Aron, 229 Concord St., St. Paul, 

Minn. 
Gray, Herman H., 219 Faraon St., St. 

Joseph, Mo. 
Johnson, Carl R., 416 46th St., Moline, 111. 
Malnar, George, Westville, 111. 
Moffatt, Lynn U„ Neola, la. 
Mueller, William A.. 2S01 S. Adams St., 

Peoria, 111. 
Murray, Francis L., Galva, la. 
O'Niell, Andrew L., Williams, la. 
Reed, Leslie L., Moorhead, la. 
Riedl, Carl, Lakeview, la. 
Rydell, Frank T. R. 1, Forreston, Minn. 
Sartwell, Earl R., Sandborn, N. D. 
Schmidt, Rudolph, Hutchinson, Minn. 
Schonemann. William, Thornton, ia. 
Sherbonda, Leslie E., Monono, Ia. 
Smart, John D., Zimmerman, Minn. 
Thompson, Olin, Elbow Lake, Minn. 
Van Gorp, Edward, Orange City, Ia. 
Wolf, Alvin R., Lytton, Ia. 

Privates. 

Adkins, Jesse F., Sheldon, Ia. 
Agee, Charles P., DeKalb, Mo. 
AUacher, Gustav, Herndon. Kans. 
Anderson, Samuel G., Stanhope, Ia. 
Anderson, Jesse E., Pleasanton, Nebr. 
Atkinson, Claude E-, Logan, Kans. 
Bachtel, Jesse L., Carrolton, Mo. 
Baeten, Henry, 1301 Spring St., Col- 

linsville, Okla. 
Bassett, Roy E., Charleston, Ia. 
Bazzill, Charles W., 1219 Faraon St., St. 

Joseph, Mo. 
Beethe, Martin H., Elk Creek, Nebr. 
Beierlein, Dominik, Hebron, N. D. 
Bergerud, Otto L., 402 Vernon Ave., 

Fergus Falls. Minn. 
Bredine, Archie C, Harvey, N. D. 
Block, John N„ Box 901, Hospers, 

Ia. 

Boggess, Oliver W., Helena, Mo. 

Brandts, William, Sioux Center, Ia. 

Brattin, James O., Ingalls, Kans. 

Britton, Orrie L, Tyndall, S. D. 

Bonnema, Jerry D., Hawarden, Ia. 

Byrne, William P., Burchard, Nebr. 

Cady, Lewis C, R. F. D. No. 1, Keokuk, 
Ia. 

Cantor, Samuel, 1417 S. Adams St., Peo- 
ria, 111. 

Carlson, John M., International Falls, 
Minn. 

Cornett, Milbert, D«arborn, Mo. 

Cudworth, William E., R. 7, Ottumwa, 
Ia. 

Deen, Floyd, Mackeville, Kans. 

Deiters, Lewis C, R. 2, Floris, Ia. 

DenHartog. James E., Orange City, Ia. 
' DeZeeuw, Peter, Orange City. Ia. 

Doyle, James D., Liberty, Nebr. 

Drysdale, Charles I., Station F, St. 
Joseph, Mo. 

Dykstra, Peter, Orange City, Ia. 

Evins, Samuel, Corkery, Mo. 

Fardahl, Alfred M.. Adams. Minn. 

Fitzgerald, Lloyd, L., Red Cloud, Nebr. 

Florell, Otto, Glenfield, N. D. 

Freeman, Edward M.. Bonsall, Calif. 

Frisk, Lee A., Kinross, Ia. 

Gericke, Frederick W., 914 Second St., 
Fort Madison, Ia. 

Goodenkauf. Emil, Table Rock, Nebr. 

Gordon, Leander M., Rushville, Mo. 

Hammeke, David F., Ellinwood, Kans. 

Harrington, Charles, Oberon, N. D. 

Harrison, Francis D., Lewis, Kans. 

Johnson, Reuben A., Milaca, Minn. 

Jonas, Orvel T., Valentine, Nebr. 

Jones, Harry C, Trenton, Mo. 

Jurgensen, Viggo A., Winside, Nebr. 

Kelly, Martin H., Ardoch, N. D. 

Klug, Stephen D., St. Helena, Nebr. 

Knockel, William J., R. 6, Dubuque, Ia. 

Koch, Emil, Parsons, Kans. 

Krahn, Oscar C, Pierce, Nebr. 

Kriezel, Fred, Cedar Bluffs, Nebr. 

Lund, Henry. White Lake. S. D. 

Magee, Roy H.. 1226 Drury St., Kansas 
City, Mo. 

Majors, George E., Russell Springs, 
Kans. 

McCord, Stephen R., 1534 Park St., To- 
peka, Kans. 

Meyer. Charles J., R. 2, Dorchester, Wis. 

Nettinga, Andrew. Hull, Ia. 

Niceswanger, Frank. Lake View, Ia. 

Noble, Joseph H., Valparaiso, Nebr. 

Ochu, John B., 1118 Knox Ave. N., Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 

Pannkuk. Boyd B., Titonka, Ia. 

Parrish, Walter H.. Fullerton. Ia. 

Parthemore, George W., Spearville, 
Kans. 

Pearson. George H., 630 W. Chestnut St., 
Leadville. Colo. 

Pille, Alphons, Haverhill. Ia. 

Powell, Lee A., Webster City, la. 

Pruismann, Frank D., Webster City, Ia. 

Putzstuck. Joseph B.. Wesley. Ia. 

Uasmussen, Arthur W., Williams, Ia. 

Ridpath, David A.. R. 5, Boone, Ia. 

Roling, Herman H., Bellevue, Ia. 



.Salisbury, Ralph, Nephi, Utah. 

Satre, Helmer L., Stanhope, Ia. 

Schichtal, Lucien C, Irvington, Ia. 

Schieb, John W., Bucklin, Kans. 

Schill. Arthur J., Lake View. Ia. 

Schmitt, John H., Hampton, Ia. 

Schram, Gustav J., Odebolt, Ia. 

Schuietert, Dilman F., Burt. Ia. 

Schumaker, Fred L., Webster City, Ia. 

Belts, George, Richardson, N. D. 

Selk, Rudolph L, Dysart, la. 

Shea, John F., Luverne, Ia. 

Sheely, Leroy H., Gucken, Minn. 

Shepard, John W., Call, No. Car. 

Slight, Carl. Appleton, Ia. 

Snyder, Harvey L, Blairsburg, Ia. 

Sorbo, Melvin. Emmons, Minn. 

Speer, Howard A., Lakeside, Nebr. 

Stafford. Russell A., 903 First St., Web- 
ster City, Ia. 

Steeg. Francis A., R. 1, Sac City, Ia. 

Strain, Tom F., Montevideo, Minn. 

Sturman. Jack, 1103 Larimer St., Wich- 
ita, Kans. 

Sveen, Melvin K., Emmons, Minn. 

Telkamp. Edward H., Blairsburg, Ia. 

Thompson. A. T., Story City, la. 

Van Patten, Franklin J., Holstein, Ia. 

Waack, Gustav J., Ida Grove, Ia. 

Wabschall, Archie, Williston, N. D. 

Waggoner. Perry L.. Thurston. Nebr. 

Wagner, Charles C, Iola, Kans. 

Wagner, William, Spearville, Kans. 

Weber. Leonard, Algona, Ia. 

Weiland, Henry J.. Britt, Ia. 

Westerbeck, Carl J., Columbus Jet., Ia. 

Wiley, Thomas S., Elberton, Ia. 

Wolfe, Walter R., Fenton, Ia. 

Wright, Dalton, Vinton, Ia. 

Wright, William D.. Great Bend. Kans. 

Wunschel, Henry N., Wall Lake, Ia. 

Young, Grover G., Emmetsburg, Ia. 

Deceased. 

Atteberry, Charles I., Pvt.. died of dis- 
ease in France. 

Magnuson, Clarence R., Pvt., died re- 
sult of injuries in France. Run over 
by 155 mm G. P. F. gun en route Cler- 
mont-Ferrand to Bordeaux. 

BATTERY B. 

Captain — Cathcart, James A., c/o P. J. 
Kalman Co., 22 W. Monroe St., Chi- 
cago. 

First Lieutenants. 

Baer, Ira B., 4 Crocus Hill, St. Paul, 

Minn. 
Coan, Folwell W., 326 5th Ave., Clin- 
ton, la. 
Mealey, Howard G., Monticello, Minn. 

Second Lieutenants. 
Freeman, Charles E., N. 9th St., Phil- 

ipsburg. Pa. 
Anning, Harold E., 815 Ridge Ave., 

Evanston, 111. 
Waldo. Lewis T., 46 114th St., Rich- 
mond Hill, Long Island, N. Y. 
Kennedv, William D.. 18126 Euclid Ave., 

Cleveland, O., c/o Finley F. Kennedy. 
First Sergeant — Challander, Oscar V., 

303 Lowry Bldg., St. Paul, Minn. 
Supply Sergeant — Luger, Alfred F., 173 

Western Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Mess Sergeant — McCloud. Powell W., 

c/o Fred W. McCloud, Mclntire, Ia. 
Sergeants — Davis. Charles H., 7717 6th 

St.. Minneapolis, Minn., c/o Mrs. Eliz- 
abeth H. Davis. 
Neff, John T., 305 Walnut St., Grand 

Forks. N. D. 
King. Fred E., 305 Humboldt Ave. No- 
Minneapolis, Minn. 
Corriveau, James J., 422 4th St. N. E'., 

Minneapolis. Minn. 
Rathmann. William H., 2203 Western 

Ave., Davenport. Ia. 
Gronvall. Homer S., 2724 11th Ave. So., 

Minneapolis, Minn. 
Gilkerson, Roland H.. 3620 Lyndale 

Ave. So.. Minneapolis. Minn. 
Johnson. Clarence V.. 802% Liberty St., 

Morris, 111. 
Lark. Herman H.. Steelville, Mo. 
Malone. Harold R-, Atlantin, la., c/o 

Clias. E. Malone. 
Corporals — Peterson, Clarl A., 315 

Logan Ave. No.. Minneapolis. Minn. 
Heinemann, Arnold R., P. O. Box 52, 

Kimberly. Minn. 
Towne. Loyal E.. Jamaica. Ia. 
Thomson, Harold P., Hutchinson, Minn. 
Reynolds. Clvde M.. Wayne. Nebr. 
Wooten, Fred J., 1540 W. 2nd St., c/o 

Fr. W. Garstaner. Davenport, Ia. 
Bixler, Clarence H., Clarence, Ia. 
Weir, Edd J., c/o John Weir, Sheldon. 

Ia. 
Westwater. David, 17 Clark St., 

Georgetown, 111. 
Applegate, Robert D.. Downey, Ia. 
Carmack, Everett C. Crocker. Mo. 
Chambers. Walter W.. 537 S. Milner St., 

Ottumwa, Ia. 
Nichols, Lester B., R. 2. Fair Grove, Mo. 
Sidles, Joseph I., Jerome^ Ia. 



166 



Appendix 



Pickering, Walter v.. Box 5, Manly, la. 
Schick, Charles H., Udell, la. 
Klingstein, Emanuel, 632 Gorono St., 

Denver, Colo. 
Makinney, Hugh F., 207 S. High School 

St., Columbus, Kans. 
Parks, Harry M., 207 S. College Ave., 

Salina, Kans. 
Jeffrey, Lee W., Arie, Kans. 
McCloughen, Walter JU, Dawn, Mo. 
Sievert, William E., 52 Eastman Ave., 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

Cooks, 

Dunker, Nelson L., R. 7, Muscatine, la. 

Meland, Nils, York, N. D. 

Swanson, Ole, c/o Nels Swanson, 4001 

41st St. So., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Woods, Walter R., 615 Iowa Ave., Iowa 

City, la. 

Buglers. 

Geerlings, Petrus J., c/o Jacob Geer- 
lings, N. Market St., Extension, Os- 
kaloosa, la. 

Mellinger, Verne R., Oaksville, la. 

Wagoners. 

Brace, Clay S., R. 3, Hope, N. D. 

Garton, Orrin C, Box 113, Paxton, 111. 

Glass, Arthur D., It. 4, Columbia City, 
Ind. 

Hoffman, Carl, c/o Mrs. E. E. Schulten- 
over, Melrose, Minn. 

Peavey, Albert F., 601 E. 26th St., Min- 
neapolis. Minn. 

Thomsen, Henry, Jr., R. F. D., Daven- 
port, la. 

Urbanek, Edward L., R. 2, Solon, la. 

Chief Mechanics. 

Jones, Miles, Box 204, Sweet Springs, 

Mo. 
Roberg. Austin H., 4331 Newton Ave. 

No., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Mechanics. 

Bennett, Frank, Iroquois, N. D. 

Carlson, Alvin C, 1903 6th St. So., Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 

Engquist, Elmer C, 3209 Garfield Ave. 
So., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Iverson, Joseph G., Watson, Minn. 

Privates, First Class. 

Appleby, Lewis M., 712 Main St., Mar- 
ion, Kans. 

Asplund, Carl H., 1603 5th St. So., Min- 
neapolis. 

Baute, Albert W., Waymansville, Ind. 

Bayles, Fred, Lemar, Mo. 

Beitenman, Milton E., Dewitt, la. 

Cook, Charles E., R. 1, Franklin, Nebr. 

Davies, Morgan L., 275 W. Walnut St., 
Canton, 111. 

Dohrmann, Albert H., Charlotte, la. 

Elder, Irvin E., 705 S. Sheridan Ave., 
Ottumwa, la. 

Hazen, Ro'bert, 14 Woodruff Apts., Salt 
Lake City, Utah. 

Hogan, James D., 2401 Washington 
Ave. No., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Howell, Donnelly B., Cunningham, 
Kans. 

Neugent, Bert J., Popejoy, la. 

Nielsen, Noble H., 300 Clinton St., 
Lyons, la. 

Novak, William, Elbron, la. 

Paullus, Fred J., R 3, Hampton, la. 

Rees, Willie, R. 3, Humeston, la. 

Reuter, Fermon O., Millerton, la. 

Reynolds, Theodore C Tiffin, la. 

Robinson, Howard C, 1937 Midland 
Ave., Syracuse, N. Y. 

Sweny. Merit, Montezuma, la. 

Wakazoo, Edward, Lengby, Minn. 

Wilkie, Fred H., Shannon City, la. 

Privates. 

Adrian, August E., R. 1, Lost Nation, 

la. 
Anderson, Edward A., R. 2, Leeds, N. D. 
Anderson, Leonard A., R. 1. Brinsmade, 

X. D. 
Anderson. Reuben E., R. 1, Box 68, Har- 

court, la. 
Barney, John H, Linton, N. D. 
Bartlett. John F., Baxter Springs, Kans. 
Beateh Lawrence, W., Riverside. la. 
Bissitt, James W., Greensburg, Kans. 
Blase. Theodore H., R. 3, Box 89, St. 

Charles, Mo. 
Boek, Fred. R. 1. Modale, la. 
Botham, Thomas H., R. 1, Gridley, 

Kans. 
Breekenridge, Rae O., Manilla, la. 
Bremser, Clifford, 1332 Union Ave., St. 

Louis, Mo. 
Brush, George B., R. 1, Carpenter, S. D. 
Rushing, Paul W., Olin, la. 
Butrick. William O., Lake City, la. 
Byers, Earl J., R. 3, Great Bend, Kans. 



(Roster, 337th F. A., Continued) 

Carper, Edward P. Inavale, Nebr. 
Chapman, Edward W., Minnewaukon, 

N. D. 
Claus, Charles H, Box 306, Livermore, 

la. 
Coburn, Arthur, Medaryville, Ind. 
Collins, Michael L., 214 W. Walnut St., 

Denison, la. 
Copple, Albert L, 1060 10th St. E., Cedar 

Rapids, la. 
Coughren, George J., 501 N. 13th St., 

Rockyford, Colo. 
Crow, Clifford V., Vinton, la. 
Darnel, Henry, M. R. 6, Kirksville, Mo. 
Delhi, Vernon J., 801 Edison St., La 

Junta, Colo. 

Dillion, Loyd, P., Urbana, Mo. 

Donahue, Edward P., c/o Frank Dona- 
hue, Petersville, 111. 

Dyer, Francis E., 1207 S. 7th St., Clinton, 
la. 

Eilts, Henry D., 422 Court St., Le Mars, 
la. 

Enfield, Harvey G., R. 1, Hardy, la. 

Erickson, Ole, R. 2, DeWitt, la. 

Espe, Lewis H., R. 1, c/o Ed Thornston, 
Thor, la. 

Evenson, John, R. 1, Joice, la. 

Feekes, Opie, R. 3, Box 43, Rock Val- 
ley, la. 

Fitts, Frank L., c/o Mrs. Jose Mike, R. 7, 

St. Charles, Mo. 
Fleenor, Seba, c/o C. J. Stoutner, R. 1, 

Keota, la. 
Fleisher, Dean, c/o Mrs. Kate Arbogast, 

Crabbottom, Va. 
Gerfen, Henry C, c/o Henry Meyer, 

Sheffield, la. 

Geuder, William E., Box 281, Gutten- 
burg, la. 

Gibson, Edwin C, R. 2, Creston, la. 

Godwin, Harold I., R. 1, Washington. la. 

Girnstead, Owen S., Box 5, West Ches- 
ter, la. 

Gunter, William F., R. 2, Clyde. Kans. 

Hauan, Alfred I., R. 1, Box 15, Thomp- 
son, la. 

Heidbrecht, Arnold C, R. 1, Buhler, 
Kan s. 

Holm, Ludwig H, Frazee, Minn. 

Hoss, Clifford J., R. 2, Box 40, Seward, 

Kans. 
Huffman, John T., c/o Mrs. Susie H. 

Spears, R. 1, Friendsville, Tenn. 
Israel, Alvin L., Ingalls, Kans. 
Johnson, Everet A., c/o Mrs. Adele 

Jacobson, R. 2, Box 43, Esmond, N. D. 
Johnson, Frank E., 1333 Tennessee St., 

Lawrence, Kans. 
Johnson, Henry H., c/o And. E. Johnson, 

Warwick, N. D. 
Johnson. Nels H., c/o Gust E. Erickson, 

R. 2, Gowrie. la. 
Jones. Arthur J., 1201 Mack St., Charles 

Ci ty^Ia. 

Jones, George I... Smith Center, Kans. 
Kelly. Thomas J., 1318 Harrison Ave., 

Des Moines, la. 
Knutson, Christian, R. 1, Ridgeway, 

la. 
Larson, Torvald. Thor. la. 
Lescoe. John H, 628 Auburn Ave., 

Chariton, la. 
Linden, Earl L., 200 S. 18th St., Center- 
vine, la. 

Lonsr. Arthur E., Dallas, la. 
McClain, Harvey L., Newton, la. 
Mahonev. Albert C, 522 E. 5th St., Lib- 
eral. Kans. 
Mason. Charley, c/o Mrs. Sara Kirtz, 

9912 Van Horn Rd., Independence, Mo. 

Miller, Llo^'d. Kalona, la. 

Mills. Tra M., Sulphur Springs, Ark. 

Mischke Leo F., 4252 Crystal St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Mittan. Oscar H, c/o Claude F. Mit- 
ten. Norton, Kans. 

Morrell. Ward D., R. 1. Hume. Mo. 

My rs Frank S., c/o John Myers, Cen- 
terville. In. 

Xiiiheiger. George L.. R 4. Ackley. la. 

W«wtnn. Rort P.. Mt Vernon. R. D 

Obr"«k, "erman C, R. 4. Box 24, May- 
villp. Mich. 

C'-'-nr-'l. Ben, 617 York Ave.. Chari- 
ton. Ta. 

n«""il r"^~-t<-~ -p t> 1 Monro, Ta. 

Otto, John E., Villa Grove, la. 

I p. "'"' t «..fi«<rfirld. Mo. 

P«r>ez. Mik<\ c/o Frank Papez, R. 2, 
Hector Minn. 

Pa«coe, Vernon S., R. 1, Box 30, Chapln, 
Tp. 

Pck. Floyd A., R. 3. Box 16, Seymour, 
Ta. 

Primus, William B.. R 2, Wellsburg, la. 

Purdy, Leslie D., Lakota. N. D. 

Putnam, James A., R. 1, North Branch, 
Kans. 

Rathmann, Edwin H., R. 1, Latimer, la. 

Reinberg. Herman E., R. 1, Box 60, Gar- 
rison, la. 

Reyhons, Edward C, R. 2, Solon, la. 

Robinson, Howard C, 1937 Midland Ave., 
Syracuse, N. Y. 



Ryker, Charles H., c/o Fr. W. Smith, 

Aetna, Kans. 
Schlieve, Charles F., Leeds, N. D. 
Schreiber, William J., R. 4, Alma, Kans. 
Schroeder, William H., R. 2, Sheffield, la. 
Seever, Cecil C, R. 3, Smith Center, 

Kans. 
Shepard, Ray E.. R. 1, Russell, la. 
Shular, Lester H, c/o J no. G. Shuler, 

Broadwater, Nebr. 
Snider, Clarence N., R. 1, Cincinnati, la. 
Souder, Pearl D.. 11. 1, Piano, la. 
Spriggs, Irwin L., Salem, Utah. 
Staack, Peter H, Hawkeye. la. 
Stanley, Harry A., R. 1, Box 53, Plevna, 

Kans. 
Stickle, Benjamin, c/o Mrs. Van Fossen, 

R. 2, Shellsburg, la. 
Stouffer, James C, R. 2, Britt, la. 
Svatos, George A., R. 3, Solon, la. 
Svingen, Gerhard O., R. 1. Esmond, N. D. 
Talkington, Percy O., R. 2, Promise City, 

la. 
Thomas, Ernest A., W. Van Buren St., 

Centerville, la. 
Thompson, Ole., c/o Carl Thompson, R. 

2 Kindred, N. D. 
Thornton, Lee C, Oakville, la. 
Tipton, Russell, Oxly, Mo. 
Torgerson, Gunder F., R. 2, Leeds, N. D. 
Wallace, Alexander H., 212 S. 11th St., 

Chariton, la. . 

AValter, Virgil W., R. 1, Dean, la. 
Wells, Fred P.. R. 7, Chillicothe, Mo. 
Wells, Harry E., Ash Grove, Kans. 
Whalen, Jerry T., Mystic, la. 
White, Edward V., 1112 S. 15th St., Cen- 
terville, la. 
White, Emmet L., R. 2, Solon. la. 
White, Frank H.. R. 1, Mansfield, Mo. 
White, William R., c/o Dr. C. V. White, 

Carl Bldg., Independence. Mo. 
Wilbur, Robert T., R. 4. Eldorado. Kans. 
Winegar, Rov F., R. 1, Prairie City, la. 
Woll, John W., R. 2, Merrill, Mo. 
Woodruff. Walter N„ Humeston. la. 
Wright Walter C, R. 3. DeRoy, Kans. 
Wyatt, Walter T., 619 17th St., Des 

Moines. la. 
Yoder, Ora P., R. 3, Wellman, la. 



MATTERY C. 



Potter, Arthur C, Capt, 4820 Capital 

Ave., Omaha, Neb. 
Addison, James C, Lt., Nevada. Iowa. 
Diome, Hermis F., Lt., Antigo, Wis. 
Hansen, Forde, Lt., Haverford, Penn. . 
Hutchins, James C, Jr., Lt., 45 E. 

Schiller St., Chicago, 111. 
Keator, Ben C, Lt., c/o Charles Webber, 

Deere & Webber Co., Minneapolis. 
Young, Will A., Lt., 1019 Mapleton St., 

Boulder, Colo. 
Anderson, Melville C. c/o Mrs. Angie 

Anderson, 2642 Bryant Ave., Minne- 
apolis. 
Arneson, Arnold, Corp., Wells, Minn. 

Box 298. 
Bailey, Orrin L., c/o Mr. Lawrence 

Bailey, Monticello, Minn. 
Bragg. Robert A., 3928 37th Ave. So., 

Minneapolis. 
Brandt, Alfred M., Sgt., c/o George Har- 
rison, 2401 Blaisdell Ave., Minne- 
apolis. 
Christianson, Axel A., Halstead, Minn. 

Box 15. 
Douglass, Arthur C, Corp. Wray, Colo. 
Fischer. George J., Sgt., 2819 E. 28th St., 

Minneapolis. 
Gramstad, Leonard, Climax, Minn. 
Gravrock, Alfred J., 1121 Washington 

St., N. E., Minneapolis. 
Grossenburg, Leo L., Rock Valley, Iowa, 

R. 2. 
Gutzman, August F., c/o William Gess, 

Odessa, Minn. 
Hamer, Joseph F., Corp., New Prague, 

Minn. 
Henkel Daniel L., 2830 2d St. Brooklyn, 

Md. 
Hoffman, Joseph T., Ireland. Ind. 
Hence Charles E., Corp., 913 Timea 

St., Keokuk, Iowa. 
Huckins, Allison, Lancaster, Minn., Rl. 
Kimball, Lorenzo A., Spiv. Sgt., 2870 

Holmes Ave., Minneapolis. 
Knaeble, Silverius P. Sgt.. 515 Ply- 
mouth Ave. North, Minneapolis. 
Montgomery. Alexander, 1608 5th St.. 

North. Minneapolis. 
Moriarty, Arthur, Mess Sgt., Redfield, 

S. D. 
Mouw, Peter B., Corp., Sioux Center, la. 
Murray, Arnett, Sgt.,. 1937 Fremont 

Ave. So., Minneapolis. 
Chaver, Lafayette, Corp., 663 Sylvan 

Ave., Davenport. 
Olson. Edward M. Corp., 235 Fuller 

Ave. St. Paul. Minn. 
Ott, Cecil C, Corp., Union Star, Mo. 
Peterschmidt, George J., Corp., West 

Point, la., R. 3. 
Peterson, Albert G., Buffalo. Minn. 
Pouller, William F., Corp., 4920 

Hiawatha Ave. South, Minneapolis. 



Appendix 



Purdham, Plummer P., Sgt, Robbins- 

Raff! e 'Glen n '\V.. 2504 "L" St., Omaha, 
Neb 

Roberts, Charles B., Corp., Evans, Iowa. 

Sagl, William, 306 16th Ave. So., Min- 
neapolis. ... 

Schuller, Edward N., Robbinsdale, Minn. 

Schultz John F., 508 Warren St., Peoria, 
111. 

Sessing, Julius E., Sgt., Robbinsdale, 

Stiffens, Thomas G., 3029 3d Ave. So., 

Minneapolis. _ 

Strom Hohn, Corp., 2709 East Minne- 
haha Parkway, Minneapolis. 
Suk, Charles J., Denham, Minn 
Swanson, Fred C, Sgt., Woodville, Wis., 

■p> 9 
Swanson, Oscar H., Sgt., 1716 Tyler 

St. N. E., Minneapolis. 
Taylor, Frank J., Corp., 530 West 

Dakota St., Spring Valley, 111. 
Thompson, Elmer O., Letcher, S. D. 
Walsh, Frank D., 1st. Sgt., 3204 Elliott 

Ave. So.. Minneapolis 
Weber, John C, Corp., Elma, la.. Box 

304. 
Winiaszerwski, Theodore, Corp., 216 

16th Ave. N. E., Minneapolis. 
Wood, Leslie P.. Corp., c/o Miss Mable 

Webber, Lacon, 111. 
Yelton, Lynn B., Corp., c/o Harry C. 

Yelton, Inland Supply Co., Danville, 

Youiigen, Albert J., Corp., 1507 Univer- 
sity Ave. N. E., Minneapolis. 

Zimmerman, Alexander M., Sgt., 3014 
15th Ave. South, Minneapolis. 

Abbas, Peter, c/o Hikke Abbas, Ger- 
mania, la., R. 1. 

Albertson, Bennie J.,' Knox, N. D 

Allie. Byrd E., Fowler, Ind., Lock Box 

Anderberg, Ivar O., c/o Rude Ander- 

berg, Hulson, S. D'. 
Anderson, Alvin G., Stanhope, la. 
Anderson, Elmer C, Hudson, S. D., R. 3. 
Anderson. William C, Wall Lake, la. 
Ashmore, Howard V. Cushing, la., R. 1. 
Bailey, Albert A.. 247 Glendale St., Salt 

Lake City, Utah. 
Billings, Fred H., Arlington, S. D. 
Brown, Fred A., Emmetsburg, la.. R. 1. 
Brown, John S. c/o Miss Sylvia Doran, 

1812 Aldrich Ave. N., Minneapolis. 
Bruns, Fred, Titonka, la., R. 1. 
Burgeson, Roy G., Armstrong, la., R. 3. 
Burns Marsh H., Sac City, la. 
Byrne, Perrv, Dovray, Minn., c/o C. A. 

Ritter, Box 32. 
Calhoun, William C, Algona, la., R. F. 

D. 
Carson, Herbert C, 417 East 2d St., 

Webster City, la. 
Caulfield, George F., Liberty, Kans. R. 2. 
Clark, Charles M.. 400 West Washing- 
ton St., Colfax, la. 
Clark, William, c/o Bert Carr, Swea 

City, la. 
Cline, Albert L., Lewis, Kans. 
Clingenpeel, c/o Allen Clingenpeel, 
Ute, la. _ „ 

Coulson, Alva J., Burlington. Kans. R. 6. 
Crabill, Fred P., Nprcatur, Kans., R. 1. 
Dawson, Everett L., 417 Aldine Court, 

Kansas City, Mo. 
Day, Charles O., Plainville, Ind., R. 1. 
De Boer, Douwe, Jr., Alton, la., Box 335. 
Dietz, William E., c/o Miss Marie Wahl, 

Helper, Utah. 
Donovan, Charles, 1301 Kansas Ave., 

Atchison, Kans. 
Dovle, William M., North English, la. 
Duffy, James, Jr., Wall Lake, la., R. 3. 
Dunnett, John W.. Pyron, Minn. 
Durham, Ira C, Half Way, Mo., R. 2, 

Box 44. 
Durham. Izare M., Bolivar, Mo. 
Ecklund, Harold, c/o Herman Oleson, 

Grantsburg, Wis., R. 1. 
Ekern Elmer C, Kathryn, N. D., Box 17. 
Engelke. Ernest, Ute, la. 
Evans, Kelm L., Williams, la.. R. 2. 
Fjelstad. Christian, c/o Miss Minia Fjel- 

stad, 776 Lincoln Ave., St. Paul. 
Galbraith. Bert A.. Algona, la., R. 4. 
Giese. Emil, 1711 No. Crawford Ave., 

Chicago, 111. 
Gleichman. Peter P., 3035 No. 18th St., 

Kansas City Kans. 
Cooke, Henry W., Elmore, Minn., R. 3. 
Gryth, Iver E., c/o Albert Simmons, 

Pembina, N. D. 
Haas Jerome J., Inwood, la., R. 2. 
Hainfleld, Wilbert, Salix, la. 
Halvorson, Henry, Lake Mills, la., R. 1., 

Box 28. 
Hanson George A„ Odebolt, la. 
Hargrove, Jesse D.. Rushville. Mo.. R. 1. 
Hartwick. Walter B., 119 So. Springfield 

St.. Anthony, Kans. 
Helmers John. Titonka, la., Box 11. 
Henderson, Henry L., Lake Mills, la., 

R. 1.. Box 60. 
Herrlein, Oswald T„ Box 324 Kimball, 
S. D. 



(ItoNter, 337th F. A., Continued) 

Heumphreus. Elija D., Hawarden, la., 

Ij 'J 

Hey'er,' Ben;, Kamrar, la.. Box 103. 
Hinderaker, Clarence, Radcliffe, la., 

Hoff.V^nk^C., 1441 No. 20th St., St. 

Hofrnan, Charley B., Center Point, Ind., 

R. 4. 
Hojda Albert A., Lebanon, Kans., R. 1. 
Honeycutt, Windell L, Morrill, Neb., 

Hoon, Henry S-, Jewell, la. 

Hulterstrum, Henry L.. Bancroft, la., 
R. 1. 

Hultman, Carl J., Blakesburg, la., R. 3. 

Immell, Lorenzia A., Bucklin, Ivans., 
P. O., Box 285. ■_ ■ 

Jacob, William G., 316 No. Thompson 
St., Pratt, Kans. 

Jensen Martin R., c/o Walter M. Jen- 
sen, Gray, la. 

Johnson, Earl H., Williams, la., Lock 

Box 94. »-«w w ^- wLm 

To"hnsonTHoward, Crystal Springs. N. D. 
Johnson, Norris J., Savannah, Mo., R. 5. 
Johnson, Peter, c/o John Mohlencamp, 

Ashton, la., Box 43. 
Johnston, Lester, Ottumwa, la., R. 9.- 
Johnston Robert H., Birmingham, la. 
Judd, William R., Grantsville, Ltah. 
Kavanaugh, Lawrence, Ida Grove, la., 

Box 513. „ „ _ 

Kennedy, Frank L. Roswell, & D . 
Kerr, Samuel F., Fenton, la., R. 1, Box 

59 
Kerr, Walter R., c/o Miss Mary Dod- 

son. 611 Sandusky Ave., Kansas City, 

King, Wion A., Schaller, la., Box 85. 
Klein, George C c/o Mrs. Bertha M. 
Lind, 1820 Wellington St., Phila- 
delphia. Penn. , 

Knowlton, Frank H., 1915 Third Ave., 

Moline, 111. „„■„-■ 

Koehn, Walter L, Corsica, S. D., R. 1. 

Lamson Joe, c/o Miss Harriet Lamson, 

617 17th St., Sioux City, la. 
Lande, Lewis A., c/o Bentley M. Lande, 
Huxley, la. . „ _> _ 

Lanning, James A., St. Joseph, Mo., R. 7. 
Lappin, Grover T., c/o Charles N. Row- 
an, Webster City, la., R. 1. 
Lappin, Harley. c/o Mrs. Mathilda Hel- 
mick, 847 Division St., Webster City, 
la 
Larson, Olin J., Buffalo Center, la., R. 1, 

Box 53. 
Ltham, John H., Savannah, Mo. 
Lennon, Robert J.. 1121 Williams St., 

Keokuk, la. 
Levey, Pete, Montezuma, la. 
Lewis, Alfred E., Arapahoe, Neb. 
Lindblom Joseph E., 1611 Lafond St., 

St. Paul, Minn. 
Lorenson, Paul F., Frankfort, 111. 
Luitjens, Henry, Ashton, la. 
Lyman, Russell H.. 254 Wabash Ave., 

Wichita, Kans. 

McConnell, Claude, Maysville^ Mo., R. 1. 

McNeeley, John H., c/o Clifford R. 

Wright, 206 West Williams St., 

Ottumwa, la. _ ' 

Macheledt, John, c/o Andrew Macheledt, 

Hector, Minn., R. 4., Box 25. 
Mackay, Victor A, 410 West 6th St., 

Concordia, Kans. 
Marshall, Oliver F., Bronson, la.. R. 2. 
Matekovitch, John, Jr., 1005 No. Broad- 
way, Joliet, 111. 
Miller, Emil N., Soldier, la., R. 2. 
Miller Harry F., c/o Joseph Kunzel- 

man, St. Joseph, Mo., R. 1., Box 124. 
Mishler. Henry E., Fedora, S. D., R. 1., 

Box 10. 
Mitchum. Ray, Delta, la., R. 2. 
Monzel George, Webster, So. Dak., R. 4, 

Box 50. 
Moore, Arthur W.. Eldon, la., R. 2. 
Moore, Clare, Lawton, la., R. 2. 
Moravec Herbert, c/o Mrs. Emma Walt- 
ermire, 54 Riverside Park, Sioux City, 
la. 
Morrissey, Edward R., 1528 Park St., 

Keokuk, la. 
Morrison. Howard A.. Savannah, Mo. 
Mortvedt. Benny. Radcliffe, la. 
• Mueller Herbert P., Burt, la.. R. 1. 

Noland. Elmer P.. c/o Mrs. Etta Doyle, 

ottumwa, la., R. 4.. Box 19. 
Nvtroen Barnev. c/o Arthur Nytroen, 

"Eistedge. N. D.. Box 8. 
Pickens. William G., Douds, la., R. 2., 

Box 66. , ,_ 

Pietznok, Martin, c'o Miss Annie Con- 
r-rad 1433 51st Co"rt St.. Cicero. TU. 
Priddy. Samuel A., 1600 East Third St., 

Hutchinson. Kans. 
Probst, Arnold R., Gordonville, Mo., 

R. 2. 
Radina Joseph, Luray, Kans., R. 3., 

Box 39. . 

Redman. Paul F., 214 East Third St., 

Hutchinson, Kans. 
Robison, Roy A., Birmingham. Ta.. R. 2. 
Rooksby, John H., Washington, 111., 

Ros'enkjar. Lars H., Ida Grove, la. 



Sargent, William H., 418 No. 12th St., 

Keokuk, la. „ _ .. 

Schmidt, Frank A., c/o Carl H. Wolf, 

Hays, Kansas. 
Schnitzler Henry, 1528 South Lawrence 

Ave., Wichita, Kansas. 
Schreiber, William F., Easton, Mo., 

R 3 
Schulte, William H.. 1117 5th St.. Fort 

Madison, la. ,••«•■-, 

Scntiltz, Fred B., Moose Jaw, Sask., 

Canada. 
Seaman, James R., St. Joseph, Mo. R. 7. 
Seeker, Earl, Waconia, S. D., R. 2. 
Seeley, Walter L., Wolsey, S. D. 
Shepard Paul R.. Pratt, Kans., R. 2. 
Sivertso'n, Jonas, c/o Albert Krieger. 
Blairsburg, la., R. 1., Box 33. 
Totten, Floyd R., c/o Mrs. Lula Murray, 

Stanton, Neb. 
Trimble, James G., 700 Chestnut St., 

Topeka, Kans. 
Vlaanderen, Richard. 2022 McKinley St., 

Sioux City, Iowa. 
Ward, Clarence, 405 Ida Ave., Wichita, 

Kans. 
Weigand, John A., Burlington, Kans. 
Wenckus, Barney W., c/o Mrs. Mabel 

Truxell, 423 38th St., Moline, 111. 
Wuersig, Frederick A., c/o Mrs. Hilda 
Edgar, 1005 King St., East Bakers- 
field, Calif. 



BATTERY D. 



Capt. C. A. Lyman, 813 Lumber Ex- 
change, Minneapolis. 
1st L*t. E. F. \erwiebe, c/o Statler 

Hotel, Detroit, Mich. 
2d Lt. H. C. Melcalf, Primghar, Iowa. 
2d Lt. G. L. Newcomb, 730 S. Wabash 

Ave., Chicago, 111. 
1st Sgt. Arthur B. Johnson, 329 Ply- 
mouth Ave. N., Minneapolis. 
Supply Sgt. David Bloom, 422, 1st Ave. 

N. Minneapolis. 
Mess Sgt. Walter C. Garrett, 621 John- 
son St., Minneapolis. 
Sgt. Wm. S. MacMurdo, Elwood City, 

Pa. 
Sgt. Edward B. Blomberg, 3125 Garfield 

Ave.. Minneapolis. 
Sgt. Lynne K. Doze, Humeston, Iowa. 
Sgt. Rudolph Hoganson, 1902 Quincy St. 

N. E. Minneapolis. 
Sgt. Theodore T. Holte, 2100 Dupont 

Ave. N., Minneapolis. 
Sgt. Donald C. Lawrence, Wilbaux, 

Mont. 
Sgt. Carl A. Lindbom, 3024 Blooming- 
ton Ave., Minneapolis. 
Sgt. Robert E. McCarty, 3016 Knox Ave. 

N„ Minneapolis. 
Sgt. Henry A. Schroeder, 19 S. 8th St., 

Minneapolis. 
Sgt. Robert A. Taylor, Grand Forks, 

North Dak. 
Corp. Harold C. Bell, Arkansas City, 

Kans. 
Corp. Benj. R. Bryan, Clio, Iowa. 
Corp. Ray E. Downer, Muscatine, la. 

R 3 
Corp. Geo. F. Fairbourn, 2898 S. 7th 

St. E., Salt Lake City, Utah. 
Corp. Bert W. Fern, 217 Bates Ave., St. 

Paul. 
Corp. Frank J. Geers, 1202 N. 9th St., 

Quincy, 111. 
Corp. Raymond G. Golinghorst, Dixon, 

la. 
Corp. Chris O. Gunhus, Fosston. Minn. 
Corp. Ernest G. Hoelscher, 569 Van 

Buren St.. St. Paul. 
Corp. Altie W. Johnson, Osceola, Mo. 
Corp. Wm. B. Juillerat. Kenmore, Ohio. 
Corp. Carl A. Lenz, Lacon, 111. 
Corp. John M. Lesion. 233 Humboldt 

Ave. N, Minneapolis. 
Corp. Wm. J. Marshall, 3725 Compton 

Ave.. St. Louis. Mo. 
Corp. Lenny M. Orr, Conesville. la. 
Corp. Wm. R. Stark, Bettebdorf. la. 
Corp. James R. Thompson, 6328 Ind. 

Ave., Chicago, 111. 
Corp. Herbert J. Trost, Philo. 111. 
Corp. Julius Van Acker, Washington, 

D. C. 
Corp. W. E. Ward, 1306 E. Washington 

St., Joliet, 111. 
Corp. George C. Wyland. Avoc'a. Minn. 
Cook Adam Dandyan, 1825 E. Lake St., 

Minneapolis. 
Cook Panos A. Frangos, 606 Hennepin 

Ave., Minneapolis. 
Cook Albert A. Hohenstein, Loretto, 

Minn. 
Steve Nichols, 116 2d >ve„ Minneapolis. 
Chief Mech. Harrv W. Nelson, 1415 
Portland Ave.. Minneapolis. 



168 



Appendix 



Chief Mech. Edward H. Home, Chan- 
dler, Ariz. 
Stech. John F. Anderson, 2213 Chicago 

Ave.. Minneapolis. 
Mech. Harry Holm, 2425 33d Ave. S., 

Minneapolis. 
Mech. Charles E. McKay, Concordia, 

Kans. 
Mech. Edwin H. Middagh, St. Charles, 

Minn. 
Saddler Clarence E. Wagner, Donnell- 

son, la. 
Bugier Julius O. Hovelsrud, 1912 Sth 

Ave. S-, Minneapolis. 
Bugler Ole L. Mohler, Bedford, la. 
Wag. John H. Bultena, Lennox, South 

Dak. 
Wag. John D. Dietz, Ringgold, Ga. 
Wag. Herman C. Killers, Le Claire, 

Iowa. 
Wag. Emil T. Giese, Walcott, la. 
Wag. Wm. H. Hatfield, 1200 % E. 4th 

St., Muscatine, la. 
Wag. Warren S. Higbee. Silver Lake, 

Kans. 
Wag. Garrett H. Hyink, Moline, 111. 
Wag. Carl F. Kruse, West Liberty, 

Iowa. 
Wag. Wm. H. Lensch, 1925 Marquette 

St., Davenport, la. 
Wag. Raymond R. Rohlfs, Eldridge, 

Iowa. 
Wag. Peter A. Schneckloth, Jackson, 

Minn. 
Wag. Fred Schultz. Peoria, 111. 
Wag. Leonard Stevenson, Scotland, 

South Dak. 
Wag. Walter C. Treloar, Colton, South 

Dak. 
Wag. Jacob D. Van Camp, 606 W. 5th 

St., Muscatine, la. 
Wag. John Weiss, 2130 Queen Ave. N., 

Minneapolis. 
Wag. Fred H. Wenger, Junction City. 

Kans. 



1st Class Privates. 

Carl E. Anderson, Planoa, Iowa. 

Earl E. Benson, 517 Maple Ave., Mus- 
catine, la. 

Martin Bergie, Warwick, North Dak. 

Vaino Bjork, 3209 43d Ave. S., Minne- 
apolis. 

Elmo L. Braden, Lomax, Neb. 

Clarence R. Buckman. West Liberty, la. 

Herbert Dietz, Walcott, la. 

Carl C. Fabritz, Ottumwa, la. 

Horace B. Fahrenkrup, Davenport, la. 

Roscoe C. Fowler, 911 E. 7th St., Musca- 
tine, la. 

Alberto Gregory, Great Falls, Mont. 

Kirk G. Grunder. Wilton Junction. la. 

Carl F. Hansen, Davenport, la., R. 3. 

Orvy E. Henderson, Savannah, Mo. 

John W. Hurley, 5016 Florence Blvd., 
Omaha, Neb. 

Herman Hyatt, Elkhart, Kans. 

John W. Kempe, Miranda. South Dak. 

Heman C. Kindler, 1239 Dale St., Mus- 
catine, la. 

Henry J. Kubesh, Olivia, Minn. 

Louis Kvasnicka, Wakeeney, Kans. 

Oscar R. McGhee, Doniphan, Mo. 

Henry O. Mathews, Fontana, Kans. 

Wayland R. Mathis, 712 5th St., Mus- 
catine, la. 

George F. Moorman, 1607% Washing- 
ton St., Davenport, la. 

Aloysios J. Murphy, Larchwood, la. 

Ben Nelson, 4606 Camden Ave., Minne- 
apolis. 

Leigh A. Pantel. Muscatine, la.. R. 1. 

Herbert F. Reichert, Muscatine. la., 
R. 1. 

Edward Remmy. Lower Salem, Ohio. 

John E. Roberts, Williamsburg, Iowa. 

Fred G. Roth, Minooka, 111. 

Elwood Simmons, Rock Island, 111. 

Otto H. Smith, Fairfax. South Dak. 

Ira C. Stender. Cumberland. la. 

Nels G. Strom, Idaho Falls. Idaho. 

Wm. A. Thiering. 3236 Rockingham 
Road. Davennort, Iowa. 

Ernest C. Tomfeld, Letts. Iowa. 

Seath G. Weis. Buffalo. la. 

James R. West. Shelbvville. Mo. 

Leon A. Wright. 838 Sth St., Des 
Moines. la. 

Clarence D. Wyckhoff, Cincinnati. la. 

Privates. 

George W. Allen, Lebo. Kans. 

Fred E. Aull, 714 W. 8th St., Muscatine, 

la. 
Russell W. Baker, Colfax. la. 
Joseph Bergie. Warwick. North Dak. 
Leon Bingham, Lake Andes. South Dak. 
Ervin D. Bollhoefer, Laurel, la. 
Henry L. Buchman, Council Grove, 

Kans. 
Albert J. Burry, Victor, la. 
Harry A. Cline. Lynneville, la. 
Ralph R. Coe. Moorehead. Kans. 



(Koster, 337th F. A., Continued) 

Harvey Davis. Ottumwa, la. 
Walter H. Drier, Davenport, la. 
Earl H. English, Boswell, South Dak. 
Harry L. Fryberger, Muscatine, la. 
Ralph A. Fuller, Muscatine, la. 
Edward F. Gill, Austin, Minn. 
Henry Grasser, West Amana, Iowa. 
Edward Harder. Wilton Junction, la. 
Emmett H. Hargis, Chillicothe, Iowa. 
Laddie G. Haskin, Sylvia, Kans. 
William Helling, Fort Madison. la. 
Elmer W. Highley, Le Roy, Kans. 
Harold S. Holm, Arlington, South Dak. 
Fred W. Johns, Bonaparte, Iowa. 
Ralph Kierns. Lansing, Kans. 
Clarence R. Kennedy, Mason City, la. 
Albert G. Kline, Rosendale, Mo. 
Ernest A. Koehler, Grafton, la. 
Harry Kroeze, Orange City, la. 
Albert J. Kruiger, Muscatine, la. 
Vernon L. Leonhard, Muscatine, la. 
Wm. E. Looby, St. Louis, Mo. 
Rodman J. McManus, Daugherty, la. 
Adolph G. Martz. Muscatine, la. 
John W. Mendenhall, Cedar Rapids, la. 
Arthur Mills, New Boston, 111. 
Henry C. Mische, Great Bend. Kans. 
Albert Moldenschardt. Dewitt, Iowa. 
Irving S. Morey, Le Claire, la. 
Blaine J. Morrison, Centerville, la. 
Otis C. Needles, Centerville, la. 
Newcomb, Frank J., Volunteer, S. D. 
Poorbaugh, Samuel W., Farrer, la. 
Puck. Gustav A., Davenport. la.. R. 5. 
Ralfs. Ben, Davenport, la., R. 2. 
Roe, Louis F., Buffalo, la. 
Schaefer. Charles Davenport, la., R. 1. 
Schlelfer, Frank H.. Buffalo Center, la. 
Share. George A., Belle Plaine, la. 
Steffenson. Laurs P., Seymour, la. 
Steward, Hector, Bayard. la. 
Studer, Aloysios, Carnarvon, la. 
Subject, Henry S., Greenbush. Minn. 
Terrell. Tim. South Ottumwa, la. 
Tomnkin. Walter C, Redfield, South 

Dak. 
Trabares. George, Delagua. Colo. 
Van Rheenon Samuel. Pella. la. 
Wade, Rollo C. 693 18th St.. Des Moines, 

la. 
Williams, Earl, Hugoton. Kans. 
Williams. Johnson C, Tuscaloosa. Ala. 
Wilson, Wm. H., Campaign. 111. 
Wiseman, Henry L., Agency, Iowa. 
Worf, Francis S. Syracuse. Kans. 
Youngers, Benj., Le Claire, la. 

One-Time Members of the Battery. 

(transferred on board the Sierra 

or in France.) 

Medcalf, Clarence E., Sgt. Maj., 3609 

Clinton Ave., Minneapolis. 
Ericks. Arthur J., Corp., 717 W 3d St.. 

Davenport. la. 
Noll, Frank A., Corp., Muscatine, la., 

R. 5. 
Susank, Alfred, Wag., Hoisington, 

Kans. 
Branch, Robert C, Wag., Creede. Colo. 

Privates. 

Bear, Mose W., Piano, la., R. 1. 
Blanding, Olro N., Formosa. Kans. 
Brisbine, Cardell J.. Moline, 111., R. 3. 
Collins. Thomas C, Underwood, North 

Dak. 
Evans, Bailey, 1530 Savanna Ave., St. 

Joseph. Mo. 
Exline, John, Worthington, Mo. 
Friedericks. Fred, 1531 W. Lucas St., 

Davenport, la. 
Howard, Bertram D.. Ireton. la. 
Kessler, Fred L., Rock Valley. la. 
McDonald. Wendell P., Cincinnati, la. 
Mcintosh. Clinton R.. Monument Kans. 
Michals. Japser E., Norton. »vans. 
Neihouse. Leo C, Clarksvil'e, Ark. 
Van Dolah, Fred C. Basil. Kans.. R. 1. 
Slaughter. Vernon W.. Pri-c^ton, la. 



BATTKHY K. 



Maxey, Jesse E., Capt., San Antonio, 

Texas. 
Gewalt, Carl H., 1st Lieut'., Brecken- 

ridge, Minn. 
Gates, Frederick K.. 1st Lieut., 500 E. 

4th St.. St. Paul, Minn. 
McManus, James R., 2nd Lieut., 1001 

Morgan St., Keokuk, la. 
King, Egbert H., 2nd Lieut., Danville. 

Iml. 
Stillinger. Charles. 2nd Lieut., 620 Elm 

St., Moscow, Idaho. 
Armstrong. George A.. 2nd Lieut.. 32 E. 

61st St., New York Citv. 



Ross, H. C, 2d Lieut., Grand Ave., New- 
burgh, N. Y. 

Ahern, Michael C, 1st Sgt., 3943 Stevens 
Ave., Minneapolis. 

Hudak, John, Sgt., 1711 5th Ave. S., 
Minneapolis. 

Whelan, Wm. D., Sgt., 914 3rd Ave. N., 
Minneapolis. 

Jargstorf, Geo., Corp., Reinbeck, la. 

Smith, Percy R., Pvt. 1st CI., Central 
City, Nebr. 

Swigart, Charles, Bugler, 836 Ave. A., 
Galesburg, 111. 

Babcock, Dee O. Pvt., 220 W. Wilson 
St., Ottumwa, la. 

Pederson, Hans A., Northwood, Iowa. 

Shipley, Isaac C, R. F. D. No. 2, Birm- 
ingham, Iowa. 

Shirlaw, Wm. H., Pvt. 1st CI., What- 
cheer, la. 

Stanek. Thomas A., R. F. D. No. 1, Fort 
Dodge, la. 

Zwald, Charles H., Corp., 3104 Cherokee 
St.. Fort Madison, la. 

Lemke. Wesley «., Cook, R. F. D. No. 1, 
Dows, la. 

Molzen, August H., Pvt. 1st CI., R. F. 
D. No. 1, Vinton, la. 

Northcutt, Alger, Lynville, la. 

Carlson, Phillip E., 732 S. Ottawa St., 
Joliet, HI. 

Durham, Donald, Fremont, Nebr. 

Ford. Henry E., R. F. D. No. 3, Ce- 
ment. Okla. 

Schreier, Joseph, Alton, la. 

Lahn, John F., Pvt. 1st CI., Belle Plaine, 
la. 

Young, Ralph I., R. F. D. No 4, Keota, 
la 

Beacham, Guy T., Garden City, Kans. 

Bruckbeck, Ole, Stuart, N. D. 

Barrett, Taylor C, Albert St., Martins- 
burg, W. Va. 

Strait, Walter L., Corp., Humboldt, la. 

Vander, Waal, James, Pvt. 1st CI., Pel- 
la, la. 

Lettengarver, Wm. J., Pvt. 1st CI., 1359 
Brompton St., St. Paul, Minn. 

Witty, Walter H., Sgt., 702 N. Minne- 
sota Ave., St. Peter, Minn. 

Bartholet, Frank T., Corp., Bird Island, 
Minn. 

Lynch, Bert L, Pvt., R. F. D. No. 1, 
Grundy Center, la. 

Knutson, Edw. C. P., Grafton, N. Dak. 

Allison, Alb., Pvt.. Boone, la. 

Gibbs, John A., Chief Mech., 1122 27th 
Ave. N.. Minneapolis. 

Wood, Michael M., Mess Sgt., Sheldon, 
la. 

Laftin, Fletcher, Pvt., Gen. Del., Reece, 
Kans. 

Nelson, Emil P., Pvt., 2912 Vine St.. 
Denver, Colo. 

Johnson, Geo. W., Corp., R. F. D. No. 3 
Cedar Falls, la. 

Harrer, Jacob S., Sgt., 2106 N. 4th St., 
Minneapolis. 

Winnike, Herman, Pvt. 1st CI., West 
Point, la. 

Taylor, Fred C, Bugler, 4800 Lake Har- 
riet Blvd., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Vermazen, John E., Pvt., R. F. D. No. 1, 
Montrose, Iowa. 

Ashton. Rae, Sgt., Vernal, Utah. 

Pieper, Harry, Corp., 2024 Willow St., 
Minneapolis. 

Williams, Clinton, Supply Sgt., 3116 
Dupont Ave. S., Minneapolis. 

Johannaber, Arthur G., Corp., Warren- 
ton. Mo. 

Pearsall, Geo. S., Cook, 1212 3rd St., 
Perry, la. 

Lass. Francis E., Corp., Ipswich, S. 
Dak. 

Litchfield, Craton, Pvt., R. F. D. No. 2, 
Raymond, Kans. 

Steiner, Jos., J., Pvt., R. F. D., Clallin, 
Kans. 

Sanford. Harry B., Hill Citv, Kans. 

Myhres. Edwin. R. F. D. No. 5, Arling- 
ton, South Dak. 

Ward, Theodore, Cook. Eddyville, la. 

Boyle, Thomas P.. Pvt. 1st CI., R. F. D. 
No. 2, Oakdale, 111. 

Larson, Gunwell, A., Pvt. Is CI.. Nor- 
way, la. 

Weber, Andrew. Park. Kans. 

Bruce. Carl L, 2nd St. S., Indianola. la. 

Vratisovsky, Jos. W., R. F. D. No. 3. 
Tama. Iowa. 

Wiese, Edward A.. Keystone, la. 

Meany, Richard W., Cook, Rose Creek, 
Minn. 

Cavin. Leroy, Corp., R. F. D. No. 4. Cale- 
donia, Minn. 

Moline, Axel. Mech.. 314 19th Ave. S., 
Minneapolis. 

Vifquain, Victor D., Corp., R. F. D. No. 
1. Belle Plain.-, [a. 

Beyer, Alb. H., Washington St., Hamp- 
ton, la. 

Qinicyhaegan, Henry, R. F. D. No. 3, 
Many. Louisiana. 

Krlstiansen, Niels K.. Pvt. 1st CI., 1191 
Bluff St., Cedar Falls. la. 



Appendix 



169 



Goode, Frank J., 3106 Orville St., Kan- 
sas City, Kans. 

OMalley, Mattie C, Pvt. 1st CI., 733 
Bradley St., St. Paul, Minn. 

Thornton, Charles C, Cammilla, Ga. 

Stallman, Herman, Pvt. 1st CI., Temple- 
ton, la. 

Reazin, Raymond A., Pvt. 1st CI., 
Macksville, Kans. 

Green, Charles P., Corp., Henry, 111. 

Sulzbach, Manuel, Chief Mech., Cava- 
lier, No. Dak. 

Rice. Stuart E., G. D. Lyndon, Kans. 

Koch, Gerald, R. F. D. No. 6, Hampton, 
la. 

Douglas, Harry M., Pvt. 1st. CI., Box 33, 
Miller, la. 

Gronvall, Bertil, Sgt., 2115 10th Ave. S., 
Minneapolis. 

Seaman, Wm„ Pvt. 1st CI., West 8th 
St., Ft. Madison, la. 

Peppers, Gale F., R. F. D. No. 1, Groton, 
S. D. 

Lee, Henr v O., R. F. D. No. 3, Box 100, 
Gary, Minn. 

Gelling, Robert W., Pvt. 1st CI., Fred- 
erick, S. D. 

Bergland, Elmer O., R. F. D. No. 3, Lake 
Mills, la. 

Swanke, Albert H., Pvt. 1st CI., 
Augusta, Wis. 

Bittner, Harry H., Coal Citv, 111. 

Patee, Claude E., Hallet, Kans. 

Bannon, James E., Corp., 805 Jackson 
St., Peoria, 111. 

Smith, Louis J., 215 W. 5th St., Chanute, 

Kans. 
Silvers, Clarence, R. F. D., Leighton, la. 
Hollister. Lemuel, R. F. D. No. 1, Vav- 

land, S. Dak. 
Greaser, Lewis L, Corp., 1112 1st Ave., 

Vinton, la. 
Stanton, Midge, 2419 Lafayette St., St. 

Joseph, Mo. 
Souders, Benj. H., Eureka, Kans. 
Reeves, Otho. F., Gen. Del., Atwood, 

Kans. 
Wilson. Chas. B., Corp., Hugo Mo. 
Whittaker, Martin L„ Pvt. 1st CI., R. F. 

D. No. 3, Washington, la. 
Ostmo, Gilbert G., R. F. D. No. 2, Ken- 
sett, la. 

Small, Hazel D., Richmond, la. 
Iorwood, Sverre, 2313 26th Ave. S., Min- 
neapolis. 
Fredericks, Henry G., Pvt. 1st CI. R. 

F. D. No. 2, Hampton, la. 
Spears, Roy W., 613 South 10th St., 

Kansas City, Kans. 
McKean, Leslie G. Sgt., 3309 Aldrich 

Ave. S., Minneapolis. 
Karschunke, Robert A., Corp., 3341 N. 

Claremont Ave.. Chicago. 
Zuehlke. Frank T., Pvt. 1st CI., R. F. D. 

No. 1, Douds, la. 
Wheelan, Frank N., Pvt. 1st CI. R. F 

D. No. 3, Washington, la. 
Slawson, Harry E., Pvt. 1st CI., R. F. D 

No. 2, Rea, Mo. 
Frandson. Wm., R F. D., Forrest Citv, 

la. 
Troxell, Leon E., Pvt. 1st CI., Jefferson, 

la. 

Strickler, Luther M., Pvt. 1st CI., Block- 

ow, Mo. 
Wilson, Aubrey C, Corp., Table Rock, 

Nebr. 
Schoiten, John, R. F. D. No. 1, Bovden, 

la. 
Campbell, Charles D., Corp., R. F. D. 

No. 3, Audobon, la. 
Bollman, Fred C, 322 New St., Peoria, 

Smail, Loy, R. F. D. No. 2, Birming- 
ham, la. 

Boden, John G., Pvt. 1st CI., Cairo. la. 

Burnett. Elmer, Meade, Kans. 

Duke, Henry A., Corp.. Vallev, Wise. 

Sheppard, Lewis D.. Jr., Corp. 512 N 
5th St., Keokuk, la. 

Honer, Paul J., 317 N. 7th St., Monroe, 
Da. 

Ritter, Roy A., R. F. D. No. 2, Blakes- 
burg, la. 

Struve. Rudolph, Elberton, la. 

Stebinger. Edward, Pvt. 1st CI.. 1726 
Bank St., Keokuk, la. 

Myers. Daniel W., R. F. D., Edson, Kans. 

Briney. Wm. L.. Corp., Esterville, la. 

Schoning, Richard, R F. D. No. 1, Chap- 
in, la. 

Anderson, Hans C, Sgt., 1043 Santa Fe 
Ave., Berkeley, Cal. 

Burkle, Chris F., Pvt. 1st CI., Ackley. 
la. 

Hollerich. Joseph F., Corp., 300 E. Erie 

St.. Spring Valley, 111. 
Cimmers. Bennie. Ackley, la. 
Lewis. Everette V., Denton. Mont. 
Menning, Ralph, R. F. D. No. 1, Alton, 

la. 
Paulson, Carl C, Faxe. Denmark, 

Prasta Amt. Sjelland. 
Felt. Geo. H., 41 E. 1st St. N., Salt Lake 

City, Utah. 



(Heater, :W7th P. A., Continued) 

Beemer, Orris A., Corp., R. F. D. No. 1, 
Hampton, la. 

Agar, Emerson G., Pvt. 1st CI., R. F. D. 
No. 1. Hannah, N. Dak. 

James, Lee C, R. F. D. No. 3, Burden, 
Kans. 

Aagaard, Tony S., Mech., Box 114, Elk- 
horn, la. 

]>enault, Antime, 379 Common St., Law- 
rence, Mass. 

Beaver, Samuel, R. F. D., Manly, la. 

Hammar, John R., Pvt. 1st CI., 423 9th 
Ave. S., St. Cloud, Minn. 

Bielefeld, Charles A., Pvt. 1st CI., Good- 
ell, la. 

Prymeck, Homer W., R. F. D. No. 2, 
Ainsworth, la. 

Birgelen, Walter M., Sgt., 313S Elliott 
Ave., Minneapolis. 

Campbell, Eugene L., Mech., Milan, 111. 

Humsey, Earl S., Codell, Kans. 

Haberthier, Wm., Case, Mo. 

Hawley. Geo.. Aitkin, Minn. 

Pottebaum, Frank J., Pvt. 1st CI., R. F. 
D. No. 2, Alton, la. 

Goddard. Ross, Belle Rive, 111. 

Smith, Fred R., De Kalb, Mo. 

Slider, Lawrence A., Dewey, S. Dak. 

Bliss, Fred G., Pvt. 1st CI., Corning, la. 

Epstein. Harvey H., Sgt., 500 Sutter 
Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Christensen, Hans N., P. O. Box 162, 
Latimer, la. 

Emcke, Henry, R. F. D., Newhall, la. 

Logsden, Willie, Pvt. 1st CI., Stahl, Mo. 

Church, James W., R. F. D. No. 2, Cyl- 
inder, la. 

Fullerton, Leon T., Columbus Junction, 
la. 

Berry, Lloyd L., Pvt. 1st CI., R. F. D. 
No. 2. Vinton, la. 

Hallie, Wm T., 1611 N. Joplin St., Pitts- 
burg, Kans. 

Brandon, Jerome T*;, Butler, Mo. 

Snell, Elijah H., R. F. D. No. 4, Callao, 
Mo. 

Fix, Louis F., Pvt. 1st CI., R. F. D. No. 
1, Atkins, la. 

Sorenson, Otto, Sgt., 1918 Portland Ave., 
Minneapolis. 

Thomsen, Thorvald, Newell. la. 

Moe, Henry B., Leroy, Minn. 

Brownlie, Earle, Corp., 721 E. 13th St., 
Davenport, la. 

Stock, Percy J., Corp., 3533 Blaisdell 
Ave., Minneapolis. 

Steele. Meryl V, Pvt. 1st CI., 520 N. 
Iowa Ave.. Washington. la. 

Markham, Ellis, Alexander, la. 

TRANSFERRED. 

Tircher, Albert, Sgt., Trsfd. to Base 
Hospital, Knottv Ash Camp, England. 

Zane. Alvie W., Mech.. Trsfd. to Base 
Hospital 79, St. Andre, France. 

FIRST CLASS PRIVATES. 

Lytle, Charles R., Trsfd. to Base Hos- 
pital 30, Royat, France. 
Holmes, Jesse. Trsfd. on USS Sierra. 
Steele, Oliver S., Trsfd. on USS Sierra. 

PRIVATES. 

Barkley, James O, Trsfd. on board ship 
USS Sierra Jan. 19, 1919. 

Claypool, Delos N., Trsfd. on board ship 
USS Sierra Jan 19, 1919. 

Creabil, Arthur W., Trsfd. to Provi- 
sional Replacement Unit. Clermont 
Ferrand, France Oct. 29. 1918. 

Deroin, Louis, Trsfd. on USS Sierra. 

Goings, Randall F., Trsfd. to Camp 
Hospital No. 2, Bordeaux, France. 

Hackbarth, Leroy, Trsfd. on ship USS 
Sierra. 

Hill, Howard H., Trsfd. on ship USS 
Sierra. 

Ladd, Claude E., Trsfd. to Base Hospital 
No. 30. Royat. France. 

Logan, Earl Z., Trsfd. to Camp Hospital, 
Bordeaux. France. 

McMillan. George T., Trsfd. to Base 
Hospital No. 30, Royat, France. 

Morrison, Frank D., Trsfd. to Base Hos- 
pital No. 30, Royat. France. 

McTigue, Joseph L., Trsfd. to Base Hos- 
pital No. 30, Rovat. France. 

Stout. John W.. Trsfd. to Base Hospital 
No. 30. Royat, France. 

Warnock. John F., Trsfd. to Base Hos- 
pital No. 30, Royat, France. 

Watts. Vernon S., Trsfd. to Base Hos- 
pital No. 30. Royat, France. 

Wilmoth, Charles R.. Trsfd. to Base 
Hospital No. 79, St. Andre, France. 

Withem, Oliver T.. Trsfd. on USS Sierra. 

Wonsbeck, Martin. Trsfd. to Base Hos- 
pital No. 30, Royat, France. 

DEATHS IX BATTERY E ABROAD. 

Anderson. Peter H., Cook, died at Ger- 
zat. France, Oct. 26, 1918. 

Angel. Henry, Pvt., died at Base Hos- 
pital No. 30. Rovat, France, Oct. 21, 
1918. 



Barton, Cliff, Pvt., died at Base Hos- 
pital No. 30, Royat, France, Oct. 16, 
1918. 

Bradley, James F., Pvt., died at Base 
Hospital No. 30, Royat, France, Oct. 
21, 1918. 

Crowder, Henry R., Pvt., died at Base 
Hospital No. 30, Royat, France, Oct. 
27, 1918. 

DeFord, Fletcher G., Pvt., died Oct. 21, 
1918, at Gerzat, France. 

Dickinson, William A., Pvt. 1st CI., died 
at Base Hospital No. 30, Royat, 
France, Oct. 19, 1918. 

Eckler, Robert, Pvt., died Oct. 23, 1918, 
at Gerzat, France. 

Hammon, Clarence, Pvt., died Oct. 27, 
1918, at Gerzat, France. 

Reyelts, John H., Pvt., died at Gerat, 
France, Oct. 25, 1918. 

Schneider, Max, Pvt., died at Base Hos- 
pital No. 30, Nov. 30, 1918. 

Valvick. Ernest R., Pvt., died at Ger- 
zat, France, Oct. 28, 1918. 

Von Muenster, William, Pvt., died Oct, 
26. 1918, at Gerzat, France. 

Wesa, Arthur J., Pvt., died at Infirm- 
ary, Gerzat, France, Oct. 28, 1918. 



MATTERY F. 



Capt. Walter Kennedy, 27 Kenwood 

Parkway, St. Paul, Minn., Command- 
ing. 
Lt. William L. Hixon, Minneapolis, 

Minn. 
Lt. A. G. Ueland, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Lt. Elmer Cords, c/o David P. Jones & 

Co., McKnight Bldg., Minneapolis, 

Minn. 
Lt. Edward Simonet, Stillwater, Minn. 
Lieutenant Burgess. 
Aarhus, Nels G., Corp. Borup, Minn 
Adams, Albert S., LeMars, la. 
Alexanderson, Theo. C, Fullerton, N D 
Anderson, Albin C, R. No. 2. Balsam 

Lake. Wis. 
Bank, Chas., Corp., 1019 Bryant Ave. N„ 

Minneapolis, Minn. 
Barbaro, Edgar M.. Sgt., 1147 Broad- 
way, Paducah, Ky. 
Bartlett, Charley L, Solon, la. 
Beechye, Peter L., Hancock, Mich 
Beck, Martin, Iuka, Kans. 
Bell, Merle J., 7 Riverview Crt., Daven- 
port, la. 
Bender, William H., New Hampton, la. 
Beranek, Geo. C, 943 E. Davenport St., 

Iowa City, la. 
Berg. Oscar C. H, Sgt., 1809 14th Ave. 

S., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Berge. Osmund S., Corp., 760 E. Benton 

St., Morris, 111. 
Bersano, Joseph, Thayer, HI. 
Berwald, Walter E., Corp., 718 W. 7th 

St., Davenport, la. 
Birrell, Robert B., 265 S. 11th W., Salt 

Lake City, Utah. 
Black. David E„ 6541 Campbell Ave., 

Chicago, 111. 
Blumer, Charlie W., R. No. 3, Unionville, 

la. 
Bohler, Haaken, 1st Sgt., 1912 14th Ave. 

S., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Boswitz, Sam D., Sgt., 110 Park Place, 

Venice. Cal. 
Boulton, Glenn D„ R. No. 3, Columbus 

Jet.. la. 
Brandon, Thos. H., Sgt., 3928 29th A"e. 

S., Minneapolis, Minn. 
Bright, John H., Lineville la. 
Brittain, Fred H., Sedgwick, Kans. 
Buchanan, Lee L, Corp., 4 Cottage Ave., 

Hamilton, Ontario, Can. 
Burns, Lawrence A., 934 S. Linn St., 

Iowa City, la. 
Buysse, Julius E., Corp.. 5th St. & 3d 

Ave.. Silvis, 111. 

Campbell. Howard, Gen. Del., Tacoma 

Wash. 
Cannon, Gerald T., Corp., Brayton, la. 
Carlson, Edwin S., 2115 29th Ave. S., 

Minneapolis. Minn. 
Carpenter, James F., R. No. 4, Lebanon, 

Kans. 
Chapman, Max, 334 S. Main St., Albia. 

la. 
Cooper, Hubert, Seymour, la. 
Croft. Scott. R. No. 2, Victor, la. 
Cross, Jim B.. R. No.5, Corydon, la. 
Dedrick. Fred M., Alma, Nebr. 
Dennis. Conrad L. Bucklin, Kans. 
Dikken, Eddie, R. No. 1, Clara City. 

Minn. 
Doonan, John J., 905 Stone St., Great 

Bend. Kans. 
Edwards. LeRoy, R. No. 6, Chariton, la. 
Egbert. Archie L., Lock Springs, Mo. 
Ellsworth. Ray J.. 312 S. 11th St., Aber- 
deen, S. D. 
Estrada. Andrew. Massena, Iowa. 
Evans, William, Sgt., 12 6th St. S.. Great 

Falls. Mont. 



170 



Appendix 



Felkner, Arthur B., R. No. 3. Center- 
ville, la. 

F. rguson, Merle C, Panora, la. 

Fisher, Wm. G., Sgt., 1214 Sth St. S., 
Minneapolis. Minn. 

Forgy. Glen, Centralia, Kans. 

Gage, Louder H., Letts, ia. 

Gaivin, Howard A., 123 X. Hendrick St., 
Fort Scott, Kans. 

Qarber, Harrison, Sgt., 436 Barker Ave., 
Peoria, ill. 

Geiger, Lester C., Corp., Mendota, 111. 

Gibbons, Rodney H., Elrose, Sask., Can. 

Ginn, Charles W., 4301 18th Ave., 
Rock Island, 111. 

Goddard, John W., Ingalls, Kans. 

Greene, Ira R., Columbus City, Iowa. 

Greazel, Fred, R. No. 8, Iowa City, Ia. 

Guy, Harry A., Leonardtown, St. Mary's 
Co., Md. 

Hand, Cewe V., Corp., 504 Montana Ave., 
Peoria, 111. 

Hanson, Charley L., R. No. 2, Irene, S. 
D. 

Hanson, Fritz W., Corp., R. No 2, Atlan- 
tic, la. 

Harms, Henry A, 1405 S. Tower Grove 
Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Harvey, Harry A., R. No. 4, Fort Dodge, 
Ia. 

Hawkins, Wm. E., Jerome, Iowa. 

Hays, Cam L., R. No. 2, Moulton. Ia. 

Heckethorn, Howard, Corp., Promise 
City, Ia. 

Heilman, Henry, Harvard, Ia. 

Heilman, Willie, Harvard, Ia. 

Hendrick, Lawrence M., 319 W. 9th St., 
Stillwater, Okla. 

Hendrickson, John, R. No. 1, Monte- 
video, Minn. 

Hendry, Hugh L., 501 Landau Ave., 
Joliet, 111. 

Herrmann, Harry H., R. No. 1, Orange 
City. Ia. 

Hesselschwerdt, Paul W., Corp., Box No. 
112, Silvis, 111. 

Hills, Otto A., 109 Park Ave.. Joliet. 111. 

Hirth, Geo. C, 1013 Garden St., Peoria, 
111. 

Holman, Irvin W., 327 14th Ave., Clin- 
ton, Ia. 

Horst, Hugo E., Choteau, Mont. 

Horton, Albert L, 936 E. 21st St., Pitts- 
burg, Kans. 

Husby, John C, Box No. 45, Bucyrus, 
N. D. 

Irwin, Leland B.. Elwood, Ia. 

James, Homer F., R. No. 3, Columbus 
Jet., Ia. 

Jenks, Asael, Blackfoot, Idaho. 

Jensen, Jorgen C, Box No. 188, Deer 
River, Minn. 

Johnson, Frank J., Fertile, Minn. 

Johnson. Otto T., 401 E. Lawrence St., 
Blackwell. Okla. 

Jones, Harry, Derby, Ia. 



(Roster, :t:!Tth F. A., Concluded) 

Jones, Harrv \\\, 1119 3d Ave., Salt 
Lake City, Utah. 

Jones, Lyman B., LaClede, Mo. 

Jones, Raymond B., Lenora, Kans. 

Jordan!, Odin J., Gonvick, Minn. 

Jordan, John H., St. Charles, Mo. 

Jungmann, Joseph B., Carbondale, 
Kans. 

Kaliszewski, John, Thorp. Wis. 

Kaely, Jesse, 842 S. 19th St., St. Joseph, 
Mo. 

Keppler, Grant W., Corp., 619 N. John- 
son St., Iowa City, la. 

Kiene. Henry J., R. F. D. No. 3, Olpe, 
Kans. 

Kinzer, Neil, Albion, Nebr. 

Klaaren, Peter, R. F. D. No. 2, Eddy- 
ville, Ia. 

Konstantakopules, Centerville, Ia. 

Krutsinger, Harry C, R. F. D. No. 7, 
Chariton, Ia. 

Lanning, Harry R., Gilmore City, Ia. 

Larson, Knute, R. F. D. No. 3, Cheyenne, 
N. D. 

Lauer, Harold B., Corp., 18% Pine St., 
Long Beach, Cal. 

Lee, Robert E., 512 Grover St., Musca- 
tine, Ia. 

Lensch, Arnold, New Liberty, Ia. 

Leonard, Harold, Corp., 536 6th St., 
Chariton, Ia. 

Lynch, Patrick A., 1031 Berger Ave., 
Kansas City, Kans. 

McCarty, John J., 1702 Warford St., Per- 
ry, Ia. 

McMahon, Hugh D., R. F. D. No. 3, Fort 
Dodge, Ia. 

McQuaid, Charles J., 819 Rutland Ave., 
Baltimore, Md. 

Mackey, Wm. W., Ransome, Kans. 

Maiser, Albert G., Waconia, Minn. 

Malmo, Gerald M., Sgt., 1114 17th Ave. 
No., Minneapolis. Minn. 

Masear, Paul W.. Paton, Iowa. 

Martin, Walter A., R. F. D. No. 4, Le- 
banon, Kans. 

Masters, Forrest, Oskaloosa, Iowa. 

Mathieu, Roi P., Sgt.. 135 14th Ave. N. 
E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Middlekauff, Glen, Gibson, Ia. 

Miller, John, R. F. D. No. 1, Washing- 
ton, Ia. 

Miller, Perry, R. F. D. No. 4, Correction- 
villel Ia. 

Mitchell, Pierce, Corp.. Maquoketa, Ia. 

Molenburg, Joseph, R. F. D. No. 1, Tain- 
tor, la. 

Moler, Clarence L., Garden City, Kans. 

Morgan, Eldon M.. Rose Hill, Ia. 

Floyd, Maule, Keota, Ia. 

Mosher, Albert E., Sgt., 2721 University 
Ave. S. E., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Murray, Charles R., Corp., Buffalo Cen- 

Nelson, Arthur O., 926 E. 24th St., Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 



Nelson, Hans C, 1405 8th St., Superior, 
Wis. 

Nilson, Benhard, R. F. D. No. 2, Fer- 
tile, Minn.. 

Nitchman, Peter F., 4432 Gibson Ave., 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Nyborg, Joseph, R. F. D., No. 1, Ruthven, 
la 

Rape, Harry F. L., Corp., Delmar, Ia. 

Parker, Albert L., 1308 Kent St., Knox- 
ville, Ia. 

Pearson, Otto F., 1015 E. 22nd St., Min- 
neapolis, Minn. 

Peterson, Alfred. 2748 Dupont Ave. S., 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Pederson, Clifford A., Nunda, S. D. 

Pitzer, Leslie H., Pratt, Kans. 

Plummer, Walter A., Sgt 4375 Wood- 
dale Ave., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Preston. Ernest D., Eldorado, Kans. 

Quinn, Matthew W.. Williams, Ia. 

Racker, Ira B., Lehi, Utah. 

Regan, Leo, Whitetail, Mont. 

Rhodes, Robert R.. Duncombe, Ia. 

Riggle. Allen E., Bridgewater, S. D. 

Robertson, Delbert E., Athol, Kans. 

Rocker, Wm. O., Ada, Minn. 

Roper, Harry C, 406 ft Court St., Bea- 
trice, Nebr. 

Rozeveld, Wiert, Orange City, Ia. 

Rusch. Charles, Russell, Kans. 

Russell, James A., Albemarle, N. C. 

Savin, Sam M.. 817 N. Fremont Ave., 
Minneapolis. Minn. 

Serck, Christian ML Hudson, S. D. 

Shelby, Charles E., Barnes City, Ia. 

Smith. Fern W., Kensington, Kans. 

Snyder, Jacob J., Osborne, Kans. 

Stanbery, Coy, Derby, Ia. 

Stevens, Ernest J., 315 20th Ave. N., 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Stevenson, Henry A., 518 S. W. Temple, 
Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Stutville. Olin G, Overland Park, Kans. 

Sutter, Christian, Paxico, Kans. 

Swengel, Oscar E., Newton, Kans. 

Swenson, Carl E.. Watertown, Minn. 

Sykes, Henry, Idaho Falls, Idaho. 

Thompson. Robert E., Lone Rock, Ia. 

Trussell, Samuel H., Orchard, Nebr. 

Trzcinski, Anthony, 617 Trombley Ave., 
Detroit, Mich. 

Tyson, Francis D., Edwardsville, Kans. 

Whitacre, William O.. Chillicothe, Mo. 

Widener, William O., 299 S. Tremont St.. 
Kansas City. Kans. 

Wiersma, Johannas, Orange City, Ia. 

Wright, Raymond N., Garden City, 
Kans. 

Wyant, Carl, North English, Ia. 

Zandbergen, Arie V., Orange City, Ia. 

Zink. Mance, Meade, Kans. 

Chizek, Joseph, Corp., 2009 14th Ave. S., 
Minneapolis, Minn. 



Roster of 339th F. A. 



(PARTIAL) 



FIELD AND STAFF. 

Col. Samuel C. Vestal, Commanding, 

U. S. A. 
Lt. Col. (Col.) Franc Lecocq. U. S. A. 
Lt. Col. Harold DeF. Burdick, U. S. A. 
Major W. B. Rosevear. 
Major Robert C. Paine. 
Capt. Arthur M. Risdon, Adjutant. 
Capt. John E. Stevens. 1126 Plymouth 

Bldg., Minneapolis, Personnel Officer. 
Capt. Richard J. Filius, Denver, Colo., 

Adjt. 1st Bn. 
Capt. Wheelock Whitney, St. Cloud, 

Minn.. Adjt. 2d Bn. 
Capt. Holyoke Davis, St. Paul, Minn., 

Adjt. 3d Bn. 
Capt. McClintock, Adjt., 3d Bn. 



HEADQUARTERS COMPANY. 

Capt. Donald B. Gilchrist, Commanding. 
Lt. Edward S, Decker, Minneapolis, 

Minn. 
Lt. Neil O. Head. 

Lt. Gustaf R. Nelson, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Lt. Carroll E. Lewis. 
Lt. Edward L. O'Connor. 
Lt. Earl V. Paulson, Minneapolis. Minn. 
Lt. Thomas J. Hughes. 
Lt. Helmer. 
Lt. Rudolph. 
Lt. Trump. Canton, O. 
Lt. Hickenlooper. 



Allensworth, James E. 
Ash, William E., Pvt. 
Bachelder, George O., Mus. Fc. 
Baker, Edward V., Pvt. 
Barnett, Jacob, Pvt. 
Harnhouse, Charles L.. Bnd. Sgt. 
Barnhouse, Herbert W., Mus. 1st CI. 
Bell, Franklin N., Sgt. 
Brand, Rube C. Mus. Tc. 
Brightwell, Harold O.. Mus. Tc. 
Bruecceman, George, Pvt. 
Cain, Ralph M., Mus. Sc. 
Callahan, Tom, Cpl. 
Cash. William R., Pvt. 
Caasll, Rodnev T.. Wag. 
Chamberlain. Harold C, Cpl. 
Cuka, Frank J., Pvt. 
Dalziel, William A., Bnd. Sgt. 
Dalzlel, John B.. Sgt. 
Davis. Ernest M., Mus. Fc. 
Day, Ruben E.. Pvt. 
Dick, Virgil E.. Cpl. 
Dickson, Elmer, Mus. Sc. 
Diffenderffer, Archie A., Mus. Sc. 
Edmunds. Gene S.. Pvt. 
Fitzsimmons, Harold J., Mus. Tc. 
Finch, James G. Cpl. 
Garner, Harry. Sgt. 
Gatton, Cloid, Mus. 1st CI. 
Hagerty, Robert J., Pvt. 
Hazelrigg. Edward J., Pvt. 
Helmcamp, Robert M., Mus. Tc. 
Hobgood. Homer L.. Pvt. 
Horan, Francis B., Mus. Tc. 



Houdek, Carl F., Cpl. 
Hyams, Francis H., Pvt. 
Jackson. Walter J., Pvt. 
Janke, Erwin O., Pvt. 
Johnston. James W., Mus. Fc. 
Jonea, Earl J., Bnd. Sgt. 
Julius, Walter E., Reg. Sgt. Maj. 
Kubit, Joe, Sgt. 

Lacock, George, Asst. Bnd. Ldr. 
Leachman, Boyd E., Pvt. 
Lestrud. Clarence A., Pvt. 
Lien, Elmer B., Sgt. 
Maddox, Harold A., Cpl. 
Maitre, John, Mus. Sc. 
Marsden. Clyde, Cpl. 
Marshall, Walter R.. Pfc. 
Martin, Walter E., Sgt. 
Mathews, Benjamin H., Bug. 
McCormick, Johnston E., Pvt. 
McCoy, Ralph. Cpl. 
McDonald. Ollie, Pvt. 
McGuire, James J.. Sgt. 
Metcalf, Glen A.. Mus. Fc. 
Miller. Arthur F., Bn. Sgt. Maj. 
Mitchell. Francis C, Sgt. Bug. 
Moss. Erastua B. W., Pvt. 
\:ik<n, Louis, Bnd. Cpl. 
Ohlson, Edgar A., Mus. Tc. 
Orten. Maurice D., Pvt. 
Parmley, Joseph. Pvt. 
Paul, Earl S.. Pvt. 
Pedersen. Thorald N., Sgt. 
Penney, Ray K.. Mus. Sc. 
Powers, Frank C, Cpl. 
Price, Herschel D., Mus. Sc. 



Appendix 



171 



1'iuitt, John, Pvt. 
Kanch, Arnold, Sgt. 
Ruckman, Fred A., Wag. 
Seefeldt, George F., Pvt. 
Seifert, Ernest J., Pvt. 
Severns, Clyde A., Cpl. 
Shepherd, Ralph. Cook. 
Sherman, Henry W., Mus. Fc. 
Silvey, Evert, Pvt. 
Smille, George R., Pvt. 
Snedaker, Howard E., Mus. Sc. 
Stille, Jacob J., Mus. Tc. 
Stokesbury, Jess C, Cpl. 
Tanna, John A., Mus. Sc. 
Thompson, Earl B., Mus. Sc. 
Troutman, Jeremiah F., Wag. 
Webster, William, Pfc. 
Weller, Paul O., Mus. Sc. 
Wescott. Clarence L., Pvt. 
Wetzstein, Emanuel A., Pvt. 
Wilson, James H., Cpl. 
Worm, Gilbert W., Pvt. 
Wright, William F., Col. 
Wyrick, Odv W., Pvt. 
Young, Orv'ille C, Pfc. 



Sgt. 



SUPPLY COMPANY. 

Capt. Oscar L. May, Commanding. 

Lt. Edward H. Keating (Air Service), 

Minneapolis, Minn. 
Lt. Fred M. Higlev. 
Lt. Collins, Ord. Detch. 
(Complete Roster of Supply Co. Not 
Available.) 



MEDICAL DETACHMENT. 

Major Byers, M. C., in charge. 
Lt. Loren L. Fowler. 
Lt. Hale. 

Lt. Stanton L. Sherman. D. C. 
(Complete Roster of Medical Detch. 
Not Available.) 



BATTKRY A. 



Capt. Lawrence G. Tighe, Boston, Mass., 

Commanding. 
Lt. Verne Collinge, Aberdeen, S. D. 
Lt. Bales. 
Lt. Malone. 

Lt. Henry W. Campbell. 
Lt. Marion A. Shaw. 
Lt. Willis F. Whittaker. 
(Complete Roster of Battery A Not 
Available.) 



BATTERY B. 



Capt. Walter E. Turner, Commanding. 
Lt. Ben H. Briscoe, Fort Gibson, Miss. 
Lt. Garrett. 
Lt. McDermott. 
Lt. Barker. 

(Complete Roster of Battery B Not 
(Available.) 



BATTERY C. 

Capt. Kendall Winship, Commanding. 
Lt. Elliott C. Dick, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Lt. Richard R. Cook. 
Lt. Bragg. 

(Complete Roster of Battery C Not 
Available.) 



BATTERY D. 



Maul, Earl C, Captain, 408 Oak St., 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Ingersoll, Phelps, 1st Lieut., 425 Port- 
land Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 

Jensvold, John D., 407 Palladium Bldg., 
Duluth, Minn. 

Loeb, Julian S., 2d Lieut., 669 Grand 
Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 

Balch, Myron C, 2d Lieut., 3209 2d Ave. 
So., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Fairfield, Roland J., 1st Lieut., 400 1st 
St. No., Minneapolis, Minn. (As- 
signed to Battery C.) 

Davis, Holyoke, Captain, St. Paul, Minn. 
(Assigned adjutant 2d Bn.) 

Jennett, Edward J., 2d Lieut., Streator, 
111. 

Nelson, Martin V., 2d Lieut., Portland, 
Ore. 

Bragg, Peter N., 2d Lieut. 

MacDuffie, Francis M., 2d Lieut. 
Sergeants. 

Ragan, Samuel C, 1st Sgt., Sigourney, 
la. 

LeBrock, Russell. Supply Sgt., 915 Uni- 
versitv PI., Burlington, la. 

Bell, Franklin, Truck Sgt.. Chariton, la. 

Miller, Benjamin F., 2d Gun Sec, Os- 
ceola, la. 



(Roster, xtiitli F. A H Continued) 

Foster, Lyle H., Corrector Sgt., Osceola, 
la. 

Houdek, Earl E., Instrument Sgt., Sig- 
ourney, la. 

McGinn, William J., Hq. Sgt., Chats- 
worth, 111. 

Love, George O., 1st Gun Sec, Albia, la. 

Moore, Ross W., 3d Gun Sec, Macedonia, 
la. 

Nanke, Henry W., 4th Gun Sec, What 
Cheer, la. 

Nay, Noble E., Signal Sgt., Rogersville, 
Mo. 

Mitchell, John, Mess Sgt., 1008 S. 18th 
St., Centerville, la. 

See, Ross E., 4th Gun Sec, 619 37th St., 
Des Moines, la. 

Corporals. 

Curtis, Glenn, Chariton, la. 

Van Dyke, Chester F., Ursa, HI. 

Windier, Elmer, 1613 Exchange, Keo- 
kuk, la. 

Vancil, Henry, Cold Springs, Mo. 

McQuern, Flody E., Osceola, la. 

Hall, Bert L., 1503 W. Olive St., Spring- 
field, Mo. 

Flesher, Gail C, 1104 E. 6th St., Tren- 
ton, Mo. 

Trout, George M., Birmingham, la. 

Seydel, Harry W., Harper, la. 

Bigford, Frank A. 

Hicks, Max C, Stronghurst, 111. 

Coberley, Oscar L, Jamesport, Mo. 

Marshall, Edward H, Willard, Mo. 

Bensmiller, Henry P., Sigourney, la. 

Robertson, Robert L, 620 Vermont St, 
Lawrence, Kans. 

Oakes, John A., 203 Oak St., Augusta, 
Kans. 

Davis, Blaine, 216 Drake Ave., Center- 
ville, la. 

Staats, George W., Wapello, la. 

Thomas, Harry C., Cassville, Mo. 

Winter, Ernest R., Wapello, la. 

Herman, Walter, Maxwell la. 

Shafer, Hubert I., Kinross,' la. 

Rubio, Andrey, R. 2, Bx. 370, Los An- 
srdes C&lif 

Webb, John F., McFall. Mo. 

Kime, William R., Richland, la. 

Mechanic 1 !*. 

Goldizen, Claude N., Kalispell, Mont 
McClurkin, Keith, Morningsun, la. 
McGarvie, John J. Bennett, la. 
Inman, William S., Stevensville, Mont. 
Sampson, Edward J., Calamus, la. 

Cooks. 

Shepherd, Ralph, Drakesville, la. 
Schindler, Ralph, Pulaski, la. 
McManus, John M., Albia, la 
Panas, Steve, Van Horn Hotel, Bis- 
marck, N. D. 
Moritz, Walter, Dana, la. 

Wagoners. 

Cassil, Rodney T., 1012 Central Ave., 
Joplin, Mo. 

Hansen, Ferdinand A., Blairstown, la. 

Hosman, Emil C, Hickory, Mo. 

Johnson, A. W., Kansas City, Mo. 

Kittleman, C. R., Antioch, Nebr. 

Kutz, O. A., Lexington, Nebr. 

Larson, Lewis, Callendar, la. 

Lose, Paul G., Princeton, Mo. 

Morris. John W., 1600 Buchanan St., 
Des Moines, la. 

McMahan, Fern H., Jamesport, Mo. 

Moore, Daniel, Otis, Kans. 

Messenger, Roscoe R., Kingman, Kans. 

Miller, Glen G., Stockport, la. 

Rasmussen, Arthur, 532 Bluff St., Coun- 
cil Bluffs, la. 

Reichley, J. G., Wamego, Kans 

Royse, J. M.. Dodge City, Kans. 

Ruckman, Fred A., Hatfield, Mo. 

Raynard, Fred L. Ashgrove, Mo. 

Schrader. Garrv W., Hawkeve, la. 

Sexton, J. H., Fall River, Kans. 

Tone, Thomas T., Grinnell, Ta. 

Wilcox. Irving F., Trenton, Mo. 



Peck, C. W. 



Saddlers. 

Rogersville, Mo. 



Privates, First Class. 

Andre, Herber F., Tipton, la. 
Bridges. William E., Elijah, Mo. 
Cole, Farrie L., R. 4, Princeton, Mo. 
Cotton, Columbus, Ava., Mo. 
Callahan, B. S., Arditta, Mo. 
Cambruzzi, Antonio. Hocking, la. 
Decker Frank, Bunker, Mo. 
Davis, Charles E., R. 4, Seymour, Mo. 
Ellion, Michael, 79 Centennial Ave., 

Reviere, Mass. 
Hedgecoth, C. A., Leadwood, Mo. 
Holden, Ira E., Peace Valley. Mo. 
Herzog. Edward H. A., Farmington, Mo. 
Heskett, Verne L., Pulaski, la. 



Gott, Reggie, Roy, Mo. 

Lemkuhl, E., Oran, la. 

Landes, Carl D., Jameson, Mo. 

Lee, Martin J., 3206 Juliet St., Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 

Lawson, C. V., Marshfield, Mo. 

Lea, Louis H., Fordland, Mo. 

Mccann, Clarence, Osceola, ta. 

Meador, Daniel B., Monett, Mo. 

Mendenhall, W. I., Bunker, Mo. 

Nickle, Earl, Purdy, Mo. 

McKee, Roy, Purdy, Mo. 

Nelson, C. H., 623 York St., St. Paul, Mo. 

Nelson, J. H., Regent, N. D. 

McReynolds, Harry, Richland, la. 

Olson, A. J., Sterling, N. D. 

Palmer, Logan, Thayer, Mo. 

Ness, 1. N., Sentinel Butte, N. D. 

Peterson, Tobias, c/o T. Erickson, For- 
est City, la. 

Peterson, Mark H., 729 W. Kearney St., 
Springfield, Mo. 

Place, George, Independence, Mo. 

Rutledge, G. E., Piedmont, Mo. 

Shepherd, B. A., 3005 Myrtle Ave., Kan- 
sas City, Mo. 

Stark, E. H., 1029 DeClair Ave., Swiss- 
vale, Pa. 

Spencer, Martin, Broken Bow, Nebr. 

Snell, Purl H., Maryville, Mo. 

Storeng, E. C, Blue Grass, Mo. 

Templin, Merl R., Friend, Nebr. 

Thompson, R. A., Beach, N. D. 

Tinnen. Hugh O., Ravanna, Mo. 

Tibbetts. Ross, Trenton, Mo. 

Tabbe, A. C, Corwith, la. 

Williams, M. L., Verona, Mo. 

Widener, Albert V., West Plains, Mo. 

Williams, Leslie T., Moville, la. 

Stephens, W. O.. Scholten, Mo. 

Nystrom, Nels M., Council Grove, Kans. 

Robertson. Harold C, 1250 Windsor 
Ave., Indianapolis, Ind. 

Steiner, Fred, Mott, N. D. 

Tebben, Andrew, Auburn, la. 

Teaford, Shirley W., Unionstar, Mo. 

Thayer, A. B., Castana, la. 

Yancey, Talmage, Flat River, Mo. 

Buglers. 

Walrod, Floyd B., Lake View, la. 
Konzen, Peter J., Farley, la. 
Fauscett, J., Marshfield, Mo. 

Privates. 

Albert, Charles, E. Main Rd., Tiverton. 
R. I. 

Bale, V. W., Newton, la. 

Banks, John, Atkinson, Minn. 

Bayz, George H., Trenton, Mo. 

Bean, Otis T., Thomasville, No. Car. 

Bean, Ernest H., Statesville, No. Car. 

Bell, George E., Pattonsburg, Mo. 

Booth, Claude R., Gallatin, Mo. 

Drake, Donal F. 

Brummett, William F, Rome, Mo. 

Bothwell Floyd E., Broken Bow, Nebr. 

Bryson, Harry A., Summersville, Mo. 

Campbell, Otho T., R. 1, Norwood Mo. 

Carter, Homer R., R. 4, Trenton, Mo. 

Christiansen, Henry, Story City, la. 

Clem, Luther, Brandsville, Mo. 

Daniels, Emory L., Niobe, N. Y. 

Day, Ruben, Bemis, Tenn. 

Edwards, Eugene, Correctionville, la. 

Gebhardt, John W., Osborne, Mo. 

Goff, Charles W., Oakland, la. 

Craven, James E., Competition, Mo. 

Ellison, Ernest, Roy, Mo. 

Griffin, Dale M., Trinidad, Colo. 

Gray, Riley, Chadwick, Mo. 

Haggard, Ben., R. 7, Springfield, Mo. 

Hailey, Sumner P., Guild, Mo. 

Hanson, Harry, Everest, Kans. 

Hansen, Charles H., Weston, la. 

Hausmann, John F., Odebolt, la. 

Hunt, Delbert R., Swea City, la. 

Jones, Frank E., Lytton, la. 

Kaster, Loney H., Smallett, Mo. 

King, Solomon, West Eminence, Mo. 

King, Warren H., Nashua, la. 

Kiss, William C, 1225 N. Mill St., Pon- 
tiac, 111. 

Kramer, Walter P., 69 Harris St., North 
Adams, Mass. 

Loder, Emil, West Bend, la. 

McAllister, Arthur, R. 8, Trenton, Mo. 

McCormack, W. C, Alley, Mo. 

McWaid, Alber A., R. 5, Trenton, Mo. 

Martin, Ely, Spickard, Mo. 

Massacar, Clifton, Steele, N. D. 

Mayne, Roscoe J., Ledyard, la. 

Miller, Ed., R. 1, Princeton, Mo. 

Morris, Albert, Pontiac. 111. 

Munsen, Frank, Correctionville, la. 

O'Donnell, Thomas J., Done Rock, la. 

Osterhout, Ernest S., Wibeaux, Mont. 

Palm. George. 17 N. Railroad Ave., Mt. 
Vernon. N. Y. 

Parsley. Franklin. R. 4, Springfield, Mo. 

Petty, Egbert L, 209 S. 5th Ave., James- 
town, N. D. 

Poen. Hika, Carnarvon, la. 

Rickford. Albert, Jessie, N. D. 

Schulte, Fred. Breda, la. 



172 



Appendix 



Shipman, Rubin, Chadwick, Mo. 
Smillem, George R., 714 Lincoln St., 

Springfield, Mo. 
Smith, Homer C, Conway, Mo. 
Smith, James E. Pansy, Mo. 
Smith, William M., Swea City, la. 
Smith, John B., Washburne, N. D. 
Spanier, Cornealius J., Williams, la. 
Steinhilber, Conrad, Renville, Minn. 
Stenberg, Charles, Radcliffe, la. 
Stephenson, Henry, Elliott N. D. 
Strickland, Ray, Gridley. Kans. 
Studer, Clemens T., St. Benedict, la. 
Swartz, Paul, Friend, Nebr. 
Traxler, Mike A., West Plains, Mo. 
Trustem, Cul C, Northwood, la. 
Veland, Lauritz, Robinson, N. D. 
Walheim, Andreas A., Mott, N. D. 
Wink, Fred C, Holstein, la. 
Yates, Will K., West Plains, Mo. 
Minich, Jacob, Friend, Nebr. 



BATTERY E. 

Capt. Tom W. McClelland, Commanding, 

Davenport, la. 
Lt. Leonard B. Allison. 
Lt. Thomas M. Manchester. 
Lit. Harvey F. Nelson. 
Lt. Hill. 
Lt. Isaacson. 

(Complete roster of Battery E not 
available.) 



BATTIJRY F. 



Hudson, Donald K., Captain, 2120 Lake 
of the Isles Blvd., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Graham, Homer D., 1st Lieut., Mont- 
rose, O. 

O'Brien, Daniel J., 1st Lieut., 115G Day- 
ton Ave.. St. Paul, Minn. 

Paden, Charles J., 2d Lieut., 1810 Cal- 
vert St., Washington, D. C. 

Hornsberger, Wm., 2d Lieut., Ashland, 
Nebr. 

Fitzgerald, Wm., 2d Lieut., Baldwins- 
ville. N. Y. 

Rieger, George, 2d Lieut., 2646 N. Saw- 
yer Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Peterson. Leonard, 2d Lieut., 4903 W. 
Ohio St., Chicago, 111. 

White, Chas. I., 1st Sgt.. Oakland, la. 

Elkins, Norville F., 1st Sgt., Benoit, 
Ala 

Igou, Tom N., Supply Sgt., 403 S. Penn 
Ave., Mason City, la. 

Grossman, Chas. W.. Mess Sgt., 107 N. 
High St., Jackson, Mo. 

Serjeants. 

Anderson, Merrill W., 1608 W. Main St., 
Knoxville, la. 

Pryor, Samuel C, 1300 Avenue L, Coun- 
cil Bluffs, la. 

Rector, Wm. C. 315 D Ave., East Albia, 
la. 

Monroe, Burell L., Wildon. la. 

Robinson, Ernest A., Knoxville, la. 

Shell, Chas. H„ Maloy, la. 

Webber, Daniel T.. 3300 Garretson Ave., 
Sioux City, la. 

Monical, Daniel H., 334 Bartlett St., 
Poplar Bluff, Mo., 

I Corporals. 

Bodine, Clarence L.. Marston, Mo. 
Bohannon, Gilbert J.. Matthews. Mo. 
Burky, David, Mt. Pleasant, la., R. 7. 
Cox. John W., Troy, Mo., R. 5. 
Collins, Guy R., Newtown, Mo., R. 2. 
Devis, Gilger E., Superior, Iowa. 
Devaney, Francis. Cascade, la. 
Frederlckson, Lee O.. Boxholm. la. 
Forgery, Thomas G., Camden, Ind. 
Gervig, Frederick R , Louisiana. Mo. 
Harrison, Ernest W., 417 W. Roy St.. 

Seattle, Wash. 
Hoffman. Robt. H„ E. 4th St., Mendota. 

111. 
Johnson. Wilber E., Cherokee, la., R. 3, 

Box 63. 
T-Cucrler. Henrv W. Wayne, Nebr. 
Kramer. Alfred, 7260 N. Taylor Ave., 

St. I^ouis, Mo. 
Lpngenohl. Harry L, 2910 Eads Ave., St. 

Louis, Mo. 



(Roster. :::'.!iih E. A., LoiiclutU-il I 

Moeller, Joseph 1.. 1427 E. 9th St., Des 

Moines, la. 
Reynolds, S., Lohrville, la. 
Kybolt, Clarence L, Winfield, Mo., R. 1. 
Round, Lester L., Blockton, la. 
Singleton, Glen O., Richland, la. 
Taft. James, Jr., Danville, la. 
Thompson, Lowell D., Salem, la. 
ii yatrt, Emerson D., Howard, Kans. 
Whittelshofer, Ira S., 5706 S. Park Ave., 

Chicago, 111. 

Mechanics. 

Webster, Roy E., Chief. Bedford, la. 

Zutavern, Louis J., Chief, Great Bend, 
Kans. 

Axelton, Clarence M., Graittinger, la. 

Bowers, Grant W., 2d Ave., North Cres- 
co, la. 

Witt, Otto W„ 504 Shawnee St., Leaven- 
worth, Kans. 

Ericson, Eric O., Ft. Dodge, la. 

Burky, Edward, Mt. Pleasant, la. 
Cooks. 

Diacos, Nick D., Care Grill Cafe. Glen- 
dive, Mont. 

Jaynes, Alvie T„ Lovalle, Mo. 

Kappeli, Hans, Camp Dodge, la. 

Smith, Glen H., Hamburg, la. 
Barbers. 

Hobgood. Homer L., East Prairie, Mo. 

Roberts, Marvin, Farmington, Mo. 
• Privates. 

Arence, John H., 309 1st Ave. So., Far- 
go, N. D. 

Adams, Mart D., Phelps City, Mo. 

Anderson, Ernest C, 647 Ontario St. S. 
E.. Minneapolis, Minn. 

Agostinello. Donato, Beach, N. D. 

Buel, Merton G., Mcintosh, S. D. 

Bittner, John J., Wellston Sta., St. 
Louis. Mo., Box 100, R. 29. 

Beckering, Jodokos. Troy, Mo. 

Berg, John J., Sentinel Butte, N. D. 

Bonney, Wm. F., Lesterville, Mo. 

Burnett, Leslie, Louisiana, Mo. 

Baker. Albert, Kerney, Mo. 

Ball, Francis M., Farmington. Mo., R. 5. 

Blankenship, Oliver P., Frima. Mo. 

Bradford, Chas. N„ Benton, Tenn. 

Becker, Anthony P., Easton. Minn. 

Pettit, Chester S.. Limesprings, la. 

Berg. Victor J., Viroqua, Wis., R. 2. 

Banfield, Harold E., 311 College Ave,. 
Ithaca. N. Y. 

Brissette, Benj. B., 4062a LaClede Ave., 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Campbell, Cavette V., Fredonia, Ky„ R. 
3, Box 12. 

Christy, Joseph D., Browning, Mo. 

Cureton, John H, New Madrid, Mo. 

Catron, Matt A., Parma, Mo. 

Conley, Chas. E., Leadwood, Mo. 

Crouch, Willie M., Platte City, Mo., R. 1 

Campbell, Joe R., Overland R. F. D. 28, 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Clickler, Geo., 115 % Georgia St., Louisi- 
ana, Mo. 

Dorherty, Wm. J., Wing, N. D. 

Donner, Albert A., Desart. N. D. 

Duley, Harry B., Sheldon, N. D. 

Denton, Jesse B., Freemont, Mo. 

Davis, Lawrence, Lisbon, N. D., R. 3. 

Denton. Julius W., Freemont, Mo. 

Donnelly, Joe, Neola, la. 

Dooner, Bernard J., Galva, N. D. 

Dekaria, Tony, Jamestown, N. D. 

Elder, Ross A., Box 498, Beach, N. D. 

Elbert Charlie E., Whittemore, la., R. 2. 

Erdman, Theodore R., Sentinel, Butte, 
N. D., R. 1. 

Even. Hubert F., Loose Creek, Mo., R. 1. 

Frochlich, Jno., Necedah, Wis. 

Firth Arthur W., Buchanan, N. D. 

Felice, Pieruccioni, 544 Sibley St., St. 
Paul, Minn. 

Fuller, Frank I., Milan, Ind. 

Finkle, James L., Lisbon, N. D.. R. 1, 
Box 32. 

Frazier Ralph E., Ellsberry, Mo. 

Gaffney, Robt. J., 354 W. 58th St., New 
York City. 

Geders, Jos. J., 2116 Sidney St., St. 
Louis, Mo. 

Granneman. Elwood H., 2174 Louise, 
Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Halverson, John H., 406 Center Ave., 
Decorah, la. 

Head, Chas. W., Parma, Mo., Box 334. 

Hiller. Jos.. Jr., 6707 Minnesota Ave., St. 
Louis, Mo. 

Houchins, Chester T., Louisiana. Mo. 

Harvey. Walter E., Royal Center, Ind. 

Huitt, Wm. T., Lesterville, Mo. 

Hanson. John. 2224 W. North Ave., Chi- 
cago. 111. 

Hulshop, Henry B., Portageville, Mo., 
R. 7. 

Hancock. Walter D.. Dorrisville. 111. 



Hughes, Richard J., 21 Newman St., San 
Francisco, Calif. 

Hackmeister, Chas., Florissant St., R. F. 
D. 35, St. Louis, Mo. 

Hanes, Edwin L, Long Prairie, Minn.. 
R. 2. 

Isaacson, John, Bismarck, N. D. 

Jenson, Norman, Bowling Green, Mis- 
souri. 

Jones, Torry, 316 N. 6th St., Louisiana, 
Mo. 

Keller, Eugene, 637 S. 10th St., Terre 
Haute, Ind. 

Kuhnle, Geo. D., 1157 24th St., Des 
Moines, la. 

Kilroy, John W., 3102 Magnolia Ave., St. 
Louis, Mo. 

Kersey, Fred, 407 S. 1st St., Marshall- 
town, la. 

Kalberer, Jacob M., Salem, N. D. 

Kinker, Andrew G., Anglum, Mo., R. 38. 

Knoll, Fred W., 2132 Louise Ave., Well- 
ston. Mo. 

Kelly, Owen, Butte, Mont. 

Kelly, John R., Regent, N. D. 

Kleiter, Frank, Tappen, N. D. 

Langford, Ira L., .boley, Mo. 

i.auer. Edwin J.. Cherokee. la. 

Lovelanu, Walter B., 314 W. 6th St., Se- 
dalia. Mo. 

Lutz, Anton, Mott, N. D. 

Leopold, Albert r., Woolstock. la. 

Last, Gerard, Windsor, N. D. 

Leopold, John A., Medina, N. D. 

Layer, Fred P., New Florence, Mo. 

Layton, Clayton J., 1011 W. Main St., 
Jamestown, N. D. 

McGlinchey, James P., Aledo. Texas. 

McGee, Joseph T., Ellsberry. Mo., R. 1. 

Moberly. Achillus B., Rm. 8, Union Sta., 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

Mawhinney. John. Mildway, Canada. 

MaMackin, Thos. A., Beaman, Mo., R.l. 

Mitchell, James C, Gray, Sask, Can. 

McMillion. Pete, Maiden, Mo. 

Mayer, Henry, 3942 S.Broadway St., St. 
Louis, Mo, 

Mozier, Alfred O., Winfield, Mo., R. 1. 

Mummert, Eugene C, Overland, Mo., R. 
28 

Manley, Elmer R., 5540 Helen Ave.. St. 
Louis, Mo. 

Monniner, Harry F„ 722 Canton Ave., 
Detroit, Mich. 

McCuan, James A., Watson, Okla. 

McClelland, Guy O., Hamilton, Mo. 

Newland, James E., Downing, Mo., R. 1. 

Nolan, Edmund M., 2463 Madison Rd.. 
Cincinnati, O. 

Nixon, Francis W., Granger. la. 

Nelson, Emil, Norman, Grove, Nebr. 

Olson, Rudolph L J., Malvern, la., R. 2. 

Phipps, James A., Lutterell, Tenn., R. 2. 

Pemberton, Jack, 438 Pine St., Spring- 
field, Mo. 

Phelon, Jesse, New Madrid, Mo. 

Pettit, Chester S., Lime Springs. la. 

Plude, Rogers J., 1412 State St., Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 

Poncelet, Lucen, 813 Globe St., Fall 
River, Mass. 

Rose, Farbia H, Bigelow, Mo. 

Reddick, Isaac S., Rock Port, Mo. 

Reagan, Ben H., Lesterville, Mo. 

Rein, Geo. S., Oakville, la. 

Roawn, Miles T., Coin, la. 

Smith, Ray, 204 N. 27th St., Kansas 
City, Kans. 

Segal, Bennie, Portageville, Mo. 

Sedgwich, Floyd, Carrolton, Mo., R. 9. 

Solomon Willis. Cowan, Mo. 

Shannon, James P., Mansfield. Mo. 

Simpson, Willie G., Big Rock, Tenn., 
R. 1. 

Skorniniski, John, 1448 Mullanphy St., 
St. Louis, Mo. 

See, Walter L. Frankford, Mo. 

Scheid, Harry O., Springview, Nebr. 

Swope, Walter R., Maysville, Mo., R. 3. 

Shy, Joseph A., New Madrid, Mo. 

Swanson, Chas. V.. Ludlow, Pa., Box 41. 

Tucker, Milton E., Ellsberry, Mo. 

Taylor, Commodore M., West Plains, Mo. 

Toeffer, Chas. J., Boone, la. 

Thompson, Paul. Montgomery Mo. 

Voss, Carl W., Hawk Point, Mo. 

Vanalstine, Glen, Nodaway, la., R. 2. 

Wellendorf, Hobert, Soraguensville, la 

Wilkinson. Russall S., Ellsberry. Mo. 

Williams, Jas. O., Louisiana. Mo. 

Witte, Frank S., Ethlyn. Mo. 

Williams, Ray F., Manhattan, Kans., 
R 2 

Wiliiams, Jas. A., Ridgely. Tenn. 

Washburn, Lloyd. Prophetstown. 111. 

Westberg, Albert J Minneapolis. Minn 

Witt, Grover C, Troy, Mo. 

Woodward, Ralph D.. 325 Chestnut St.. 
Atlantic, la. 

Wiggs, Joseph, Wellsville. Mo. 



Advertisment 



173 




Fiery Hell af War 



Comes This Amazing, Vivid, Gripping Chronicle of the Daily Lives 
of Two Million Yankee Heroes in France. The One Priceless Sou- 
venir of the War You Will Enjoy and Treasure Above All Others. 



HERE is a living, breathing record of the lives of two 
million men in war— written by the men themselves 
as they fought in France. It is our soldiers' own 
wonderful story of those days over there — a story that will 
live forever as the most unique historical document ever writ- 
ten. 

Nothing can give you so vivid, realistic and intimate a 
picture of what our soldiers experienced in France as their 
own remarkable newspaper, the Stars and Stripes, written by 
the soldiers, for the soldiers, over there on the battlefields in 
the thick of the fight. 



Behind the 
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To read the overseas issues of the Stars and Stripes is to 
live over, in startling reality, those days with our soldiers in 
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as they knew them — their novel life in the French villages, 
their droll experiences with foreign customs, their marches 
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Fabulous prices have been paid for single copies of the 
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To satisfy this demand the overseas issues have now been 
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exactly as it was printed in France appears in this beautiful 
bound volume. 



LIMITED EDITION— RESERVE 
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Think of having a complete file of this historic newspaper, 
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fascination in the many great features that an army eagerly 
read— Walgren's famous cartoons, Baldridge's drawings, Cap- 
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This edition of the complete file of overseas Stars and Strips 
is limited. Hundreds of reserva- 
tion orders have already been 
placed and more are pouring in 
each day. It is likely that the en- 
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